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Business

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Контрольная работа

(топики на английском языке различной тематики)

2008

Business Lunch

It is very important to organise business lunch in a silent restaurant
or cosy cafe for holding of talks. If we planned to hold a meeting first
of all, we must choose a restraunt, moreover we must know what kind of
food our partners prefer. It will be good if chosen restaurant will be
specialy intended for such measure. You should never choose a restaurant
where you haven’t eaten before. You want to be sure that the service is
good and the atmosphere is amiable. Business meeting can be organized at
any time. The only difference is the time of the day. Often it happened
in the morning or during the lunchtime and rarely on supper. Morning is
the breakfast time. Specialists consider breakfast to be the most
important meal of the day, because one is to be energetic during the
long hardworking day. A business breakfast has some advantages: it can
be briefer, usually does not include cocktails and does not interrupt
the business day. For breakfast businessmen usually have rolls or bread
and butter, coffee or tea. For a change they can have a boiled egg or
buttered toast. Basically this is all than they are limited. People
generally have dinner at twelve-one o’clock. The businessmen often find
it impossible to come home for dinner mainly because of traffic jam. So
they happen to go to a nearest cafe or a restaurant. The lunch should
not last longer than an hour and a half. For dinner people usually have
soup, meat, perhaps fish and potatoes, bread and salad. Sometimes we
have chops, cheese and noodles, followed by tea or coffee. Much depends
on a nationality of the partner and from traditions in his country and
consequently it influences on meal which he prefers. For example, the
traditional meal of Russian people is pelmeni, borshch and many other
dishes. There is even no some special word for denoting this meal in
other languages.

Supper is to be the smallest meal of the day because it happens in the
evening. People usually prefer something a lung from meal (going to
sleep with a full stomach is harmful for our organism) and any drinks.
It can be an omelette, sausages, salad and plenty of fruit. One can also
have a cup of tea with a piece of cake. However, everything depends on
one’s taste and money.

Business travel.

Almost all people are fond of travelling. It is very interesting to see
new places, another towns and countries. People may travel either for
pleasure or on business.

Never before in the history of the world have businessmen traveled so
much as they do today. It is not surprising because we are living in a
world of growing international trade and expanding economic and
technical cooperation.

Nowadays people who go on business mostly travel by air. It is more
comfortable, more convenient and, of course, far quicker than any other
method. There none of the dust and dirt of a railway. Besides, flying is
a thrilling thing. But it is also more expensive and dangerous.

Some businessmen prefer to travel by train. Of course, it takes much
more time, but they have possibility to rest after long working hours,
to sleep enough, to enjoy a quiet compartment. With the train they have
speed, comfort and pleasure combined. From the comfortable seat of a
railway carriage they have a splendid view of the whole country-side. If
passengers hungry, they can have a meal in the dining-car. They can rest
in the sleeper and can meet new people. From one hand, it is a safe
means and cheap. But from the other hand, it’s takes too much time and
unfortunately stops too often.

I don’t think that businessmen travel on business by sea as it takes too
much time, but while on holiday I am sure they prefer this method.
Travelling by ship is also very popular now. It is very pleasant to feel
the deck of the ship under the feet, to see the rise and falls of the
waves, to feel the fresh sea wind blowing in the face and hear the cries
of the seagulls. But I think that it is rather dangerous, because the
ship can crash. I hope that I am a good sailor and I have a dream to
travel by sea round the world.

Conference Venue

My name is Ann and I work for the company “Crystal&Co”. We organize
business lunches, conferences and meetings. And I can offer our clients
different kinds of the most comfortable places, where they can work hard
and productively and at the same time enjoy their time after work. We
have already chosen two places according to your requirements, so we are
ready to tell about them.

Well, the first place is the hotel “West”, which is in Athens in Greece.
“West” is а luxurious hotel, occupying a central part in Athens with
flight connections to all the major cities of the world, as you asked.
This hotel combines a unique atmosphere, a world class restaurant on the
second floor and 200 spacious deluxe suits, and all banqueting
facilities for the participators of the conference. Moreover, exclusive
beach and outdoor pools represent the hotel as a tourist centre. The
administration of the hotel provides different services such as 24-hour
room service, express checkout, car rental service, Internet access and
full conference facilities. The spectacular views of the Athens make
your business or your rest full of magnificent impressions.

Well, I want to attract your attention to the second place that I have
chosen for you. It is modern business centre “East”, which is in London
in Great Britain. It is famous for its ability to organize special
private events or, if you prefer, different kinds of activities. “East”
occupies the central location in London. It includes a hotel, a
restaurant, a place for various conferences and entertainment center.
“East” also makes an impression thanks to spectacular views across The
Trafalgar Square. It is a building with 90 floors and full facilities
for business meetings. Express checkout, in-room laptops with Internet
access and car rental service all go to make “East” a business venue.
With its unique atmosphere and fully equipped convention centre for 2500
people, its 95 meeting rooms and 2000 square metres of exhibition space,
“East” is sure to be a huge success with both you and your colleagues.

So, you can get more information about these places on our website
www.conference_venue.ru. Here you can also book rooms in these hotels
and get 15% discount. Please, don’t forget: the greatest conference
venue is the step for success that can be provided by our company. You
are always welcome.

E-mail.

Today in the age of high technology there are many inventions that help
people and make it easier to communicate with each other. They are:
mobiles, Internet, telegrammes, faxes and, of course, e-mail. Most
businessmen, and not only them, use e-mail communication at work, most
youngsters use it at home.

E-mail has several obvious advantages over the phone. I mean, for me,
the main one is that it’s instantaneous. You can get straight down to
business, without wasting time on getting through to the person you want
and then having to ask them how they are, about their family and so on
and so force. So it’s more efficient. Also, it’s a lot easier if I’m
using English writing e-mail gives me time to think about what I want to
say. Besides on e- mail you can communicate with the friends, colleagues
worldwide using the Internet. It is more convenient and cheaper, than to
dialogue on the phone. Sometimes I do not have time to phone and to talk
to my friends, but on e-mail I always can make it.

E-mail is great but it always gets lost, unlike telephone messages and
people are often slow to reply to their messages. There are no
universally accepted rules for writing e-mail, but here are some useful
guidelines. You should create a subject line with impact, proofread the
message before sending it, write short sentences, keep paragraphs short,
use headings, bullets and numbering, put your signature on the message.
According to the institute of Directors, the majority of business people
receive around 30 e -mails a day. As it takes about 5 minutes to read
and reply to (or ignore) each, that means 2 and a half hours’ work or of
the working day. According to a recent Internet survey, nearly three
quarters of business people have sent an e-mail and then regretted it.
Hastily written messages can easily sound too direct or even rude, and
upsetting a colleague with an angry e-mail can seriously damage your
professional relationship.

I consider, that despite of some disadvantages communication using e-
mail is great invention, that makes it easy and comfortable. I am sure
this system will be developing and improving.

Globalisation

First of all, I’d like to mention some global companies: Microsoft,
Coca-Cola, Marlboro, IBM, McDonald’s and Intel, the full list of which
we can find in the Forbes magazine. Such big companies, as Nestle or
Pepsi have lots of subsidiaries all over the world, and such company as
Microsoft – only local support centers, but the “brain center” is in
Redmond, but all of them try to enter new markets using local partners
and resellers. As for good and bad points of global companies, I can
mention that all companies that I know try to increase the quality of
their products, as they want to be the leaders in competition. Moreover,
every company is always willing to hear the customer’s opinion about its
products, to receive some suggestions, how to improve the product. Some
people can say that they’ve opened new world thanks to globalisation
and, particularly, watching “soap operas”. What’s more, global companies
try to adopt their products to the traditional way if using them. On the
other hand, globalisation hurts the local government’s ability to deal
with wages and taxes. Another bad point is that local factories, which
are disappearing every day, use more clean methods of production, as
it’s not necessary to transfer production on long distances, for
example. And now I want to quote Valentine Matvienko, vice-premier of
Russia, who took part in the work of Third World Commission of Social
Aspects of Globalisation on October, 15th in Geneva. She said that the
positive side of globalisation is that qualified workers can migrate to
other countries and get a well-paid job. At the same time, she said
Russia doesn’t want to be out of the border of the world processes. She
also told that some problems of globalisation, for example, Russian
producers are not ready to rival fight. The will of many foreign
companies to weaken our economy in order to put local producers away
from the rival market was also mentioned. Vice-minister told that we
should save our local culture when entering the global economy, and I
fully agree with this.

International English.

Nowadays I think it is very necessary to know English. English is the
most universal language. First of all, it is the official language in
over forty countries. About 2 million people speak English in the world.

Now, we can tendency when in the countries where English is not the
first language, a number of English words are used. Moreover, many words
are borrowed more from English than from others language. For example,
hundreds of words borrowed from English can be found now in our everyday
speech such as jeans, Ok, baseball, Internet, computer. Some words are
used just as they are others are changed to make them more like the
native language, easier to say and remember.

I must mention a problem that is connected with the globalization of the
English language. Unfortunately with the expansion of English, people
forget their native languages. If to speak about our Republic as a minor
nationality, the Mordovian language is not spoken in Saransk. It is used
only on Mordovian villages. But I think young people should be at least
acquainted with the language and culture of their ancestors.

I learn English, because I understand that I can use it. I learn English
because I want to read foreign literature , foreign newspaper and
magazine, to develop friendship with foreigners, communicate with people
while travelling. There are a lot of films in foreign languages. If you
know them, you can understand films without any help, now we buy many
clothes from other countries. Knowing English , you can read something
about size, quality and manufacture of this or that things. It is clear
for you what it is made of.

Many people use English in their job. They need English for travelling
on business, socializing with clients and colleagues, writing documents,
e-mails, faxes and letters and to feel more confident when they speak.

I am sure English would help me in my nature profession. You know
businessmen all over the world speak English, only English is used in
their negotiations. Most firms, companies that deal with foreign clients
hire people who can speak English. In short, I understand that I have to
learn English in a proper way and I try to do it.

Shopping

Shops play an important role in our life, because everything we have,
everything we eat and wear we buy in shops.

Out of all services used by people shop service is the most frequent and
it’s no wonder. Shops are supplied with the necessary things which
people buy to keep themselves living. There are different types of shops
in cities. The biggest of them are groceries and department stores.
Lately supermarkets have become popular. In big cities there are huge
grocery stores.

Shops takes a great part of our life. These days shopping has become the
way not only to buy things we need, but also the way to relax, to
entertain especially for women. Some women even consider shopping to be
a kind of promenade. That is to show themselves and to look at others.
Besides for some women shopping has become a real disease, that is
having no shopping one day, they feel themselves ill. Psychologists call
such people shopaholics.

Nowadays the process of shopping is an easy one. People prefer
supermarkets to any other shops. Because in a supermarket you can buy
practically all necessary thing and spend less time. You can buy meal,
household chemistry and clothes. In large cities, some people have not
enough free time and consequently they go shopping 1-2 times a week,
they buy products and other necessary things for the whole week. They
take their buying to the car which is left on parking not far from the
supermarket. It is really very convenient.

Many people also prefer supermarkets, because after they buy all
necessary things , they pay only one time at the cash desk. The shop
assistant weighs goods on scales and says how much they cost. At big
grocery shops there is a special delivery service where you can make
your orders by phone or in person. The charge for delivery service is
quite reasonable. However, the people who are on the look out for the
best quality like to see what they are getting. They prefer not to do
their ordering by phone. The people have to make sure that they don’t do
over their daily allowance. The family budget must always be kept
balanced.

I live in N town. In N town there are a lot of different shops and
supermarkets. In the centre of the city there are several department
stores, in which there are a lot of different departments and large
assortment of goods. However, I consider that in N town the network of
supermarkets is not so developed, as for example in Moscow and St.
Petersburg. In N town there are no such known supermarkets as HaxepOHKa,
KoneftKa, AmaH, in which large assortment of goods has reasonable
prices. As for me, I do not like to go shopping, because it takes a lot
of time and I get tired very much.

BBC Company

If I would be offered to be a CEO of a well-known company, I would like
to be a CEO of a TV-company for example BBC Company. We I’d like to say
some words about this company.

The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known simply as
the BBC, is the world’s largest broadcasting corporation. It has 28,500
employees in the United Kingdom alone with an annual budget of more than
F4 billion. Founded on 18 October 1922 as the British Broadcasting
Company Ltd, it was subsequently granted a Royal Charter and was made a
publicly funded corporation in 1927. The corporation produces programmes
and information services, broadcasting globally on television, radio,
and the Internet. The stated mission of the BBC is “to inform, educate
and entertain” (as laid down by Parliament in the BBC Charter); its
motto is “Nation Shall Speak Peace Unto Nation”. The BBC is a
quasi-autonomous public corporation as a public service broadcaster. The
Corporation is run by the BBC Trust; and is, per its charter, “free from
both political and commercial influence and answers only to its viewers
and listeners. The BBC’s domestic programming and broadcasts are
primarily funded by levying television licence fees (under the Wireless
Telegraphy Act 1949), although money is also raised through commercial
activities such as sale of merchandise and programming. The BBC World
Service, however, is funded through a grant-in-aid by the Foreign and
Commonwealth Office. As part of the BBC Charter, the Corporation cannot
show commercial advertising on any services in the United Kingdom
(television, radio, or internet). It reaches more than 200 countries
and is available to more than 274 million households, to CNN’s (its
nearest competitor) estimated 200 million, which also gives it the
largest News channel in the world. Its radio service is in the short
wavelength, which makes it available to many regions of the world. It
also broadcasts news – by radio or over the Internet – in some 33
languages.

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