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Времяоника. Теория, которой суждено изменить жизнь человечества

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AAAeEI AIAEUessIIA

A?AIssIIEEA

Oai?ey, eioi?ie noaeaeaii eciaieoue

aeeciue /aeiaa/anoaa.

“Aeaa?ue a eaoi”

Aaeai?iae

2000

AAE 84 37

A 60

Aaaeei Aiaeueyiia

A 60 A?AIssIIEEA.

Oai?ey, eioi?ie noaeaeaii eciaieoue

aeeciue /aeiaa/anoaa. — Aaeai?iae: “Aeaa?ue a eaoi”.

2000. — 28n

E-meil: [email protected]

http://www.belgorod.ru/lit/em.html

http://www.belgorod.ru/lit/tim.htm

Aiaeueyiia A.TH.

A 60 A?AIssIIEEA. Oai?ey, eioi?ie noaeaeaii eciaieoue aeeciue
/aeiaa/anoaa. Ecaeaiea aoi?ia, aeiiieiaiia. — Aaeai?iae.: Aeaa?ue a
eaoi, 2000. — 28n. (Ecaeaiea ia?aia Iiaineae?ne “Yei?” 1999a.)

A eieaa ?anniao?eaathony aii?inu acaeiinayce oece/aneie oai?ee a?aiaie e
/aeiaa/aneiai iuoeaiey, a oaeaea aeathony iniiau iiaiai iao/iiai
iai?aaeaiey — A?aiyiieee — oai?ee aiaa?aiaiiiai eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaiaia.

( “Aeaa?ue a eaoi” 2000.

( Aiaeueyiia A.TH. 2000.

EIOOEOeEss E I?AAeAEAeAIEA EAE OAEOI? ?ACAEOEss *AEIAA*ANOAA

Enoi?ey /aeiaa/anoaa e eaaeaeiai /aeiaaea a ioaeaeueiinoe eciaeeoao
i?eia?aie eiooeoeaiuo i?aaeaeaeaiee, aaueo niia e i?i?i/aneeo
i?aaeneacaiee. Naa?oeaoeany i?aaeneacaiey noaee iau/iui yaeaieai,
iiyoiio ana aieaa ino?i anoaao i?iaeaia iao/iiai iniuneaiey aiciiaeiinoe
i?aaeaeaeaiey aoaeouaai. A oiaea aeeneonnee auee noi?ioee?iaaiu
?acee/iua ia?aaeienu, i?ioeai?a/ey e cai?aou oeacuaathuea ia ia?ooaiea
i?e/eiii–neaaenoaaiiuo naycae. Ii iacaia/aoue iiaua oaeou iaaiciiaeii.

Ia iniiaa aiaeeca nianoaaiiiai iiuoa e iiiai/eneaiiuo enoi?e/aneeo
oaeoia y i?eoae e oaaaeaeaieth, /oi i?aaeaeaeaiea i?ienoiaeeo iooai
ia?aaea/e c?eoaeueiuo ia?acia e neiaaniuo oi?ioee?iaie oaeaeaiiuo eee
noi?ioee?iaaiiuo naiei yniiaeaeyuei. I?e/ai iaaei ioiaoeoue, /oi
i?ienoiaeeo ia?aaea/a ia oieueei “enoeiiuo” naaaeaiee, ii e
caaeoaeaeaiee, e iaaei?acoiaiee. Oi anoue, i?ienoiaeeo ia?aaea/a
eioi?iaoeee ia ia?aaioaiiie ie eaeei nouanoaii “iioonoi?iiiaai ie?a”.
Oai naiui y i?eoae e oaaaeaeaieth, /oi nouanoaoao iioie (/anoeoe)
oaeouee io aoaeouaai e ianoiyuaio, niiniaiue ia?aiineoue eioi?iaoeeth,
eioi?ue yaeyaony oaeei aea iauaeoeaiui yaeaieai ie?a, eae
yeaeo?iiaaiaoeci eee a?aaeoaoeey.

AEeciue iiaeii i?aaenoaaeoue, eae ?aeo n aeaonoi?iiiei oa/aieai
?acee/iuo, acaeiii i?iieeathueo noanoaioeee. *oiau ecaaaeoueny io
ia?aaeienia ia?ooaiey i?e/eiii–neaaenoaaiiuo naycae, aeinoaoi/ii
acaeyiooue ia ie? n oi/ee c?aiey aiaa?aiaiiiai iaaethaeaoaey. Oiaaea
aeeciue eee iooue /aeiaaea ii aeecie i?aaenoaao a aaeeinoaa e
oeaeinoiinoe naieo a?aiaiiuo i?iyaeaiee. Iinooiee ethaeae ii?aaeaeythony
?aaiiaeaenoaothuae nee, iaeia ec eioi?uo yaeyaony eioi?iaoeeae oaeouae
ec aoaeouaai.

ssaeaiea i?aaeaeaeaiey i?iyaeyaony iacaaeneii io oiai iniciaao aai
aeaenoaea /aeiaae eee iao. Iiyoiio, auyniaiea aeaenoaey yoiai oaeoi?a a
i?ioeanna iuoeaiey, i?aaenoaaeyaony cao?oaeieoaeueiui, ii enoi?e/aneee
iiuo iieacuaaao, /oi nouanoaoao aiciiaeiinoue ioaeaeaiey eioi?iaoeee,
iieo/aiiie iooai eiae/aneiai iniuneaiey i?ioeiai iiuoa, io eioi?iaoeee
i?eoiaeyuae ec aoaeouaai.

Aicieeaao aii?in – aiciiaeii ee i?aeoe/aneia i?eiaiaiea aeaiiiai
yaeaiey? I?aaeioa?auaiiue ian/anoiue neo/ae /aua anaai ia aucuaaao
y?eiai yiioeeiiaeueiiai aicaoaeaeaiey, eioi?ia aeaaii?eyoii aeey
oeenaoeee c?eoaeueiiai ia?aca – i?e/ei ian/anoiiai neo/ay. I?iecioaaeoay
o?aaaaeey iiaeao i?aaeaeaeaoueny iaie eo/oa, /ai i?aaeioa?auaiiay. E
oiio aea i/aaeaeaoe o?aaaaeee, ca/anooth i?aaeaeaeaaoee aa, ana aea
inoaaony a iaaaaeaiee ioiineoaeueii aa i?e/ei e oai naiui ia iiaeao aa
i?aaeioa?aoeoue. Ii oai ia iaiaa, iineaaenoaey o?aaaaeee ana aea iiaeii
ieieiece?iaaoue.

Anee oaeanony iai?aaeoue ?acaeoea /aeiaa/aneiai eioaeeaeoa a yoii
iai?aaeaiee, oi aiciiaeii, a ?acoeueoaoa yaiethoeeiiiuo eciaiaiee,
i?iecieaeao ea/anoaaiiue nea/ae niciaiey /aeiaaea. (A aeaiiii neo/aa
?a/ue eaeao i auoiaea a /aoaa?oia ecia?aiea e ia inaiaiee aai).

Iaaei ioiaoeoue, /oi ia?aae /aeiaaeii iinoiyiii anoaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue
i?aaeaeaeaiey ian/anoee e iai?eyoiinoae. A oiaea a?aiy iinoiyiiia
iaeeaeaiea iai?eyoiinoae iiaeao ieacaoue oaiaoathuaa aeaenoaea ia
ineoeeo. (Ai?i/ai, yniiaeaeyuea anaaaea io yoiai no?aaeaee). Eae io
yoiai ecaaaeoueny? – Eo/oa anaai, anee i?aaeaeaeyuee niauoey /aeiaae
aoaeao oi?ioei ae?oaii naiiio naaa. Oiaaea, n auniou i?iaeeouo eao e
i?eia?aoaiiiai iiuoa, ii niiaeao “io?aaeaeoe?iaaoue” naith aeeciue,
iiii/ue naaa iaeoe auoiaeu ec neiaeiuo neooaoeee, iiaeaea?aeaoue naay a
o?oaeiua iiiaiou. E oiio aea, /aeiaae iai?a?uaii i?eiauaaony e
iaua/aeiaa/aneei oeaiiinoyi, iiuiui iioieii oaeouei ec aoaeouaai.

AIAA?AIAIIIE EIOI?IAOeEIIIUE IAIAI

Eaeiaa i?e?iaea iaoeo iuneae? Iiaa?oiinoiia ?aciuoeaiea iiaeao
oaaaeeoue, /oi iao ieeaeiai n?aaenoaa aeey enneaaeiaaiey yoiai aii?ina.
Iu iuouaai (aeoiaai) naith iuneue, aiieia ioee/aai aa io anaai, /oi ia
yaeyaony ath, aeaaea ioee/aai ana iunee ae?oa io ae?oaa. Ii /oi oaeia
iuneue? *ai yaeythony iaoe iunee, anee iie iiaoo ia?aiineoueny ec
aoaeouaai a i?ioeia? *ai yaeyainy iu?

Aeey ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee ii nia?aiaiiui i?aaenoaaeaieyi iaoee
o?aaoaony iaoa?eaeueiue iineoaeue. Auee iiiuoee iauyniaiey
ia?iii?iaeueiuo yaeaiee n iiiiuueth naa?oeaaeeo yeaiaioa?iuo /anoeoe —
iee?ieaioiiia n iaeaiueeie iannie. Eiia/ii yoi i?aaeiieiaeaiea iineo
niaeoeyoeaiue oa?aeoa?. *oanoai iaoaa?aiiinoe ia iieeaeaao ian eiaaea iu
aoi?aaainy a iaecaaaeaiiua iaeanoe, ii anee yoiai ia aeaeaoue, oi io
iaoee ia aoaeao i?ieo.

Eaeeie aea naienoaaie aeieaeiu iaeaaeaoue /anoeoeu, /oiau iie iiaee
ia?aiineoueny ec aoaeouaai a i?ioeia?

Ootheaeueaa?a, 1941 e Oaeiiai, 1948 i?aaeeiaeeee ethaiiuoioth
eioa?i?aoaoeeth ninoiyiee n io?eoeaoaeueiie yia?aeae.

Ionoue /anoeoea n iannie m aeaeaeaony aaeieue iieiaeeoaeueiiai
iai?aaeaiey o n iieiaeeoaeueiui eiioeuenii ? e iieiaeeoaeueiie yia?aeae
A+= ((?n)2+(mn2)2. Aa o?aaeoi?ey iieacaia ia ?en.1. Aieiiaay ooieoeey
/anoeoeu eiaao aeae

Aeey ninoiyiee n io?eoeaoaeueiie yia?aeae

A-= – ((?n)2+(mn2)2 eiaai aieiiaoth ooieoeeth

?en.1.

?en.2.

Iineaaeithth oi?ioeo iiaeii eioa?i?aoe?iaaoue eae aeaeaeaiea /anoeoeu
iacaae ii a?aiaie n iieiaeeoaeueiie yia?aeae (A -(. Niune aeaeaeaiey
/anoeoeu iacaae ii a?aiaie iiaeii iauynieoue, ?anniio?aa i?inoie neo/ae
aeaeaeaiey /anoeoeu n ca?yaeii -q ai aiaoiai iaaieoiii iiea A. Iii
iienuaaaony o?aaiaieai

(iii)

ec eioi?iai aeaeii, /oi /anoeoea n ca?yaeii q , aeaeaeouayny iacaae ii
a?aiaie, iienuaaaony oai aea o?aaiaieai, /oi e /anoeoea n ca?yaeii -q ,
aeaeaeouayny aia?aae ii a?aiaie. Ec niaianoiiai aiaeeca oi?ioe (ii) e
(iii) neaaeoao, /oi /anoeoea n ca?yaeii q e io?eoeaoaeueiie yia?aeae
aaaeao naay eae /anoeoea n ca?yaeii -q e iieiaeeoaeueiie yia?aeae.
*anoeoea n ca?yaeii -q yaeyaony aioe/anoeoeae /anoeoeu n ca?yaeii q.
Iiyoiio iiaaaeaiea /anoeoeu a ninoiyieyo n io?eoeaoaeueiie yia?aeae
oaeia, eae e aioe/anoeoeu.

?anniio?ei neo/ae, eiaaea a iiiaio a?aiaie t=t1 a oi/ea x=x1 a iiea
eaeiai-oi aoiiiiai yae?a ?iaeeeanue ia?a /anoeoea — aioe/anoeoea; a
oi/ea x=x2 i?e t=t2 aioe/anoeoea oie/oiaeeeanue, ano?aoeaoenue n ae?oaie
/anoeoeae, a ?iaeeaoeany a ?acoeueoaoa aiieaeeyoeee aeaa (-eaaioa noaee
?ani?ino?aiyoueny aia?aae ii a?aiaie (?en.2). A niioaaonoaee n
eceiaeaiiui yoio i?ioeann iiaeii ?anniao?eaaoue eae aeaeaeaiea iaeiie
/anoeoeu, eioi?ay a oi/ea (t2,x2), enionoea aeaa oioiia, iiaa?ioea
iacaae ii a?aiaie e aeioea aei oi/ee (t1,x1). Oai iia ?annayeanue ia
oioiia e noaea aeaeaaoueny aia?aae ii a?aiaie. Oaeia iienaiea iaeeiaeiai
i?eiaieii eae aeey oa?ieiiia, oae e aeey aiciiia. Ec iaai neaaeoao, /oi
/anoeoea e aioe/anoeoea aeieaeiu eiaoue iaeeiaeiaoth ianno m e
iaeeiaeiaue niei J (?a/ue eaeao ia iaeiie /anoeoea, “iaoeythuae” ii
a?aiaie).

Ia ciath, ianeieueei iiaeii n iiiiuueth i?eaaaeaiiie aeiioacu iauynieoue
ia?aiin eioi?iaoeee a i?ioeia, ii aeaiiue i?eia? iieacuaaao, /oi iaoea
ia inoaiaaeeaaaony ia?aae oaeeie o?oaeiinoyie.

Ianeieueei i?e?iaea a?aiaie aeeyao ia oece/aneoth ea?oeio ie?a? Aio aua
iaeia aeiioaca — ?aaeeinoue aioeaauanoaa a iaoai ie?a iiaeao auoue
neaaenoaeai aneiiao?ee a?aiaiiie iai?aaeaiiinoe iaoaai ie?a. Iu ninoiei
ec aauanoaa e aeaeaeainy aianoa n iei ii a?aiaiiie ine.

I?aaenoieo auynieoue ia i?ioeai?a/eo ee aiaa?aiaiiie ia?aiin eioi?iaoeee
niaoeeaeueiie oai?ee ioiineoaeueiinoe? Iiea ia yoio aii?in iaeuecy
ioaaoeoue iaeiicia/ii. NOI eanaaony ia niaa?oaiey niauoee a eo
nouanoaiaaiey e iioiio ia aiai?eo ie/aai i ?acee/ee iaaeaeo i?ioeui e
aoaeouei.

Eiia/ii, n?aco aicieeaao aii?in, aiciiaeii ee naeaeaoue iaoeio a?aiaie?
Aeey iooaoanoaey ooaea e ia?aoii iao. Ii iiaeii canoaaeoue iaeee iauaeo
aeaeaaoueny iacaae ai a?aiaie. Aiciiaeii, /anoue IEI e yaeythony
ciiaeaie (oaioiiaie) caiouaiiuie aoaeoueie iieieaieyie iacaae ii
a?aiaie. (ss?eea naaoyueany iauaeou aeaeaeoueany n aieueoie
nei?inoueth). Ionthaea iauynieii eo aieiaiea e iaoei enoi?e/aneei
niauoeyi i eioi?uo nia?aiaiieee ii?ie e ia aeiaaaeuaaeenue. I /ai iiaeao
?anneacaoue /aeiaaeo i?ioeiai y?eee aeaeaeoueeny oa? a iaaa? Iaoieeiooue
ia iuneue i aiaeueai i?iiunea. Aeaaioai?iinoue aeey /aeiaa/anoaa iunee i
aiaa oaea ii/oe ia iiaeaa?aaaony niiiaieth. Oaeaea iie iiaoo
i?iaoaeaeaoue oai?/aneoth iuneue /aeiaaea eee i?aaeoi?aaeaeaoue i
a?yaeoueo aaaenoaeyo. Iiea o?oaeii aiai?eoue i oii eaeoth ?ieue iie
nua?aee a enoi?ee (yoi oaia niaoeeaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey).

Eoae o ian anoue iineoaeue eioi?iaoeee — aioeeaioiiu (iia aieueoa
i?aaeony iacaaiea “a?aiyiiu”) e i?eaii-ia?aaeathuaa ono?ienoai — iica
/aeiaaea eee aieaa iaua — aeeaie i?aaieci (iaeei e oio aea, ii
?acaeaeaiiue ai a?aiaie). Iiaeii i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi aeeaie i?aaieci
inoaaeyao neaae ai a?aiaie, iaeoth ieoue A?eaaeiu, neaaeoy ii eioi?ie
aioe/anoeoeu ia?aaeatho eioi?iaoeeth ec aoaeouaai a i?ioeia. Aieaa
i?inoui eaaeaony i?aaeiieiaeaiea i aieiiaie i?e?iaea ia?aaeaaaaiie
eioi?iaoeee. Oiaaea i?eaiieeii iiaeao auoue ethaie i?aaieci iiiaaeathuee
a ?aciiain n ia?aaeao/eeii. Aeey aieueoeinoaa i?i?ieia ia?eiae eo
i?aaeaeaeaiey ia i?aauoae n?iea eo aeecie. Eeoue iaeioi?ua anooiaee a
eiioaeo n aoaeoueie iieieaieyie.

I?E*EIII NEAAeNOAAIIUA NAssCE

*oi eanaaony a?aiaie oi iiaeaeoe iiaeii niaeaneoueny n Aaaaeai: ”A?aiy
ia anoue eae au yuee, a eioi?ii ana iiiauaii, eae a iioiea, oaeaeathuai
n niaith a naiai oa/aiee e iiaeiuathuai ana, iiiaaeathuaa a iaai…
I?ioeann naiuo aeaenoaeoaeueiuo aauae ninoaaeyao… a?aiy”. Ai?i/ai,
auei ia yoii e o Eoe?aoeey Ea?a:

Oaeaea e a?aiaie iao naiiai ii naaa, ii i?aaeiaou

Naie aaaeoo e iuouaieth oiai, /oi a aaeao niaa?oeeinue,

*oi i?ienoiaeeo oaia?ue e /oi ainiineaaeoao iicaea.

E iaecaaaeii i?eciaoue, /oi ieeai iuouaoueny ia iiaeao

A?aiy naii ii naaa aia aeaeaeaiey oae e iieiy.

Eeanne/aneay oeceea iniiaaia ia i?aaenoaaeaiee i aeaoa?ieiecia, oi anoue
i?eioeeieaeueiie aiciiaeiinoe aaniethoii oi/ii iienaoue iiaaaeaiea
nenoaiu. Ii a nayce n yoei aicieeaao aii?in i naiaiaea aiee: eieue nei?i
/aeiaae — /anoue i?e?iaeu, oi aai iinooiee i?aaeii?aaeaeaiu, e ii ia
iiaeao ca ieo ioaa/aoue…

Ii iiaeii i?eciaoue, /oi /aeiaae naiaiaeai a naieo iinooieao e a ioaaoa
ca ieo, anee ii a eaeie-oi ia?a eiaao aeanoue iaae i?ioeui, anee i?ioeia
e aoaeouaa oae aea ?aaeueiu, eae e ianoiyuaa. Oi anoue anee ana niauoey
nouanoaotho a i?ino?ainoaa-a?aiaie eae aaeeiua /anoe anaeaineiai
oeaeiai.

?acaeoea nia?aiaiiie iaoee, ioaa?aay aaniethoecaoeeth ?aiaa ecaanoiuo
oi?i i?e/eiii-neaaenoaaiiuo naycae, ?ane?uaay eo iiiaiia?aciue oa?aeoa?,
iiaeoaa?aeaeaao, oaeoaeyao e iaiauaao aeeaeaeoeei-iaoa?eaeenoe/aneia
iiieiaiea i?e/eiu. Aeeaeaeoe/aneee iaoa?eaeeci i?eciaao neiaeiinoue
i?e/eiii neaaenoaaiiuo naycae, eo eciai/eainoue, iiiaicia/iinoue,
“iai?a/eaaaiinoue”.

Ioaeii ee ioeacuaaoueny io o?aaeeoeeiiiuo i?aaenoaaeaiee i i?e/eiii
neaaenoaaiiuo naycyo? I oii eae iie auaeyaeyo n o/aoii AEI ?anneacuaaao
?en.3. Onoaiiaeaiea iieiie i?e/eiu yaeaiey ieacuaaaony aiciiaeiui eeoue
a n?aaieoaeueii i?inouo neo/ayo, e iau/ii iao/iia enneaaeiaaiea
iai?aaeaii ia ?ane?uoea eeoue niaoeeoe/aneeo i?e/ei.

?en 3

Ana iaaeioiaiey i?ienoiaeyo ec-ca iai?aaeeueiiai aeaeaiey oeaeinoiiai
yaeaiey ia i?e/eio e neaaenoaea. I?aaeiieiaeo, /oi io/anoe yoi
i?ienoiaeeo io oiai, /oi iaaethaeaoaeue aeaeaeaony ai a?aiaie.

I *AI IIE*AEE Ae?AAIEA IENUeIAIA?

Ii/aio iu ia oiaai i?aaeaeaeaoue aoaeouaa? Ii/aio i?aaeaeaeaiea
aoaeouaai auei aieaa naienoaaiii ethaeyi i?ioeiai?

Eiia/ii ?aiueoa ethaee auee aieaa aeiaa?/eauie, ii i?e/eia eae iia
eaaeaony ia a yoii. A aeaiiii neo/aa eiaao cia/aiea iiyaeaiea o
/aeiaaea eiae/aneiai iuoeaiey. ?acaeoea eioaeeaeoa ia eaeia-oi a?aiy
auoanieei ae?aaithth i?eniiniaeoaeueioth niiniaiinoue.

Ae?aaiea i?aaeaiey nio?aieee naeaeaoaeuenoaa, /oi a aeecie /aeiaa/anoaa
i?iecioea eaeay-oi aeooiaiay eaoano?ioa. ?aciua ia?iaeu ia?aaeeaaee
iioa?th niiniaiinoe i?aaeaeaeaoue aoaeouaa ii ?aciiio. Ii io/aoeeai yoa
o?aaaaeey auea caoeene?iaaia iiaeaeoe oieueei a Aeaeee e a ieoa i
I?iiaoaa.

A ia?aie eieaa Iienaaaie, a “Auoea” aiai?eony, /oi “iaieueuaiiua ciaai,
ioae e aeaia aaeyo cai?aoiue ieiae”, iinea /aai Aia oiiiaeee nei?ae
aeaiueiu, i?ieeye caieth ca Aaeaia e ecaiae /aeiaaea ec ?ay. I?aaaea,
Ainiiaeue Aia naeaeae Aaeaio e aeaia aai iaeaaeaeu eiaeaiua, e iaeae eo.

*oi aea i?iecioei? Ec oaenoa iu ociaai, /oi cai?aoiue ieiae aeaao
ciaiea. Aio iai e i?aaenoieo iiiyoue eaeiai ?iaea yoi ciaiea.

A ciaiea yoi oaeiai, /oi, ethaee oaeaeaee, /oi iie iaae (ii anae
aeaeeiinoe o ieo ca?iaeeeinue iuoeaiea). Ciaiea iiiaoaei anooieoue a
iauaiea n Aiaii. (A oaeia iauaiea auei, i iai iicaeiaa neaaeao Eiaii:
”E neiai auei io Aiaa, e neiai auei e Aiao”.) Ethaee enioaaeenue
naeaeaa eiae/aneia caeeth/aiea, /oi nouaeii auoue iaaeie. Oae iiaeao
auoue anaio aeiie ?acaeoea iuoeaiey, i?eoii eiaiii eiae/aneiai?

Eiia/ii ana yoi oieueei i?aaeiieiaeaiey, ii iiniio?ei, /oi aiai?eony ia
yoie o?aaaaeee a yiina ae?oaeo ia?iaeia.

Aio /oi aiai?eo Ynoeee a naiae o?aaaaeee “I?iiaoae i?eeiaaiiue”. (Nai
Ynoeee aeee a 6 a.ae.i.y. a ieo aiciee ai?acaei ?aiueoa). Ia aii?in
i?aaeaiaeeoaeueieoeu oi?a a /ai ii aeiiaao I?iiaoae i?eciaaony, /oi ii o
nia?oiuo ioiye aea? i?aaeaeaeaiey, iaaeaeea eo “neaiuie iaaeaaeaeaie”. E
yoi iiaeaeei ni noi?iiu Aiaa aiaeiae/iia aeaeaeneiio iaeacaiea. *aeiaaea
/ooue ia oie/oiaeeee, a I?iiaoay i?ieeyee. A aeaiiie aa?nee ieoa ia
aeaaiue Aia, a I?iiaoae naeaeae ethaeyi iaeaaeaeu.

Ai?aaeue aeey iauaiey n Aiaii o?aaiaaeinue iaeaaeaoue ii?aaeaeaiiiai
?iaea aeaaiaeaoueth i iaee/ee eioi?ie aiai?eony a neacaiee i Iia.
Ai?i/ai, aiieia aiciiaeii, /oi neacaiea i iioiia aieaa ?aiiaa /ai i
nioai?aiee ie?a. Yoi aiciiaeii iienaiea ?aaeueiuo niauoee, a oi a?aiy
eae ieo i nioai?aiee ie?a iineo ioia/aoie oai?aoece?iaaiey.

Aia ia?auaaony e Iith, ?anneacuaay aio i aoaeouai. Ia?aiia/aeueiie
ooieoeeae Aiaa auei i?aaeneacaiea aoaeouaai. Iniiaiiieiaeieeii
i?aanoaaiiuo caeiiia Aia noaiiaeony iicaeiaa. Ii ia/aeo aeaaaaiua ei
caeiiu aua i?ioeai?a/eau, eia/a e auoue ia iiaei. Iaeciaiiui inoaaony
i?aaeneacaiea aoaeouaai.

*aeiaae i?aae/oanoaoy aoaeouaa ia iia ia eneaoue iauyniaiey naiei
i?i?i/aneei niai. Iaecaaaeii ii i?eoiaeee e iiieiaieth, /oi yoe
naaaeaiey eaeoo io iioonoi?iiieo nee, io Aiaa. Caeanue enoi/iee
?aeeaeiciiai ie?iaini?eyoey ae?aaiaai /aeiaaea. A oi a?aiy /aeiaae e
iiiuneeoue ia iia, /oi eieoeeaoi?ii i?aaeaeaeaiey aoaeouaai yaeyaony ii
nai. Neeoeii ii aue neaa. Nae/an iu iiaeai naeaeaoue oaeia
i?aaeiieiaeaiea iniiauaaynue ia iao/iie iaoiaeieiaee.

Aano?aeoiia iuoeaiea e, a /anoiinoe, ia?auaiea n /eneaie e neiaieaie
naienoaaiii oieueei /aeiaaeo, o.a. i?eia?aoaii ia iicaeiae noaaeee
yaiethoeeiiiiai ?acaeoey. Yoi ia nii?iaiaeaeaeinue eaeeie-eeai
nouanoaaiiuie eciaiaieyie a ono?ienoaa ia?aiuo eeaoie e i?aaiecaoeee
iae?iiiie naoe. Aano?aeoiia iuoeaiea aoi?e/ii, iaaeno?ia/ii, ii
ioiioaieth e ooiaeaiaioaeueiui iaoaieciai ?aaiou iicaa. Iaeaieeaaaiue
nae/an oaeoe/aneee iaoa?eae ec iaeanoe n?aaieoaeueiie oeceieiaee aiai?eo
i ia i?aaeiieiaaaoainy ?aiueoa ?aciiia?acee iaoa?eaeueiuo noano?aoia
?aaoeyoeeiiiuo eiaeia e naieo oi?i e i?eioeeiia eiaee?iaaiey, a eioi?ii
iniciiaaaiua e aa?aaeeciaaiiua ineoe/aneea eiaeu /aeiaa/aneiai iicaa
caieiatho ianoi eeoue iaeiie ec /anoiuo, oioy e iaeaieaa auniei?acaeouo
oi?i.

Eiaaea i?ienoiaeeee yoe i?ioeannu? Iu iiaeai ii?aaeaeeoue oaeea aaoe
noaiiaeaiey naiiniciaiey /aeiaaea: 3400 eao ae.i.y. aicieeiiaaiea
ienueiaiiinoe a ooia?neie oeeaeeecaoeee. A 9 aaea ae.i.y. a A?aoeee
aiciee ia?aue aeoaaeo. Nicaeaiea aeoaaeoa yaeeinue iiaie nooiaiueth
?acaeoey eiae/aneiai iuoeaiey. *a?ac iaeioi?ia a?aiy iinea yoiai
aicieeee ?anniao?eaaaiua caeanue ieou.

Aeey ae?aaieo i?aaeaeaeaiea aoaeouaai auei yaeaieai iau/iui. Iie aeaaea
aeiaaaeuaaeenue i aiciiaeiuo i?iaeaiao naycaiiuo n i?aaeaeaeaieai
aoaeouaai, a?iaea i?iaiinoe/aneiai yooaeoa Yaeeia, eiaaea i?aaeneacaiea
niauoey naii iiaeaee?oao aoaeouoth neooaoeeth. Nioiee a naiae o?aaaaeee
“Yaeei-oea?ue” auoue iiaeao aia?aua oniiieeny, /oi i?aaeaeaeaiea
aoaeouaai eaeao io iioonoi?iiieo nee.

Eiaeeeneay ?aeeaeiciay o?aaeeoeey oiaea eneaea iooe i?aiaeieaiey
?aceaaea n aoaeouei. Yoi i?aiaeieaiea iaia/aaony a o/aiee i ea?ia. E
oioy i?e/eiu ea?ie/aneiai aeeyiey ?aeeaeiciay oeeinioey aeaeeo a i?ioeuo
i?aa?aoaieyo, iu iiaeai oaeaeaoue, /oi i?aaeeaaaaiua ?aeeaeiciuie
i?aeoeeaie niaaou iiiiaatho /aeiaaeo eo/oa i?aae/oanoaiaaoue aoaeouaa,
oae eae ii eo i?aaenoaaeaieyi i?eoaeaiea ea?iu i?ienoiaeeo a neeo
“ii?a/aiey” ineoeee: aiaaa, oeo?inoe e ae/iinoe, no?anoe, no?aoa e
ioa?auaiey. Anaai oiai, /oi i?eaiaeeo e iiyaeaieth “neaiuo iaaeaaeae”.

Iu ciaai, /oi /aeiaae i?aaeaeaey aoaeouaa iauaaony n naiei niaie
iaoiaeyueiny a aoaeouai. Ae?aaiee /aeiaae aeoiae, /oi ii iauaaony n
Aiaii e yoi iauaiea, ii ia?a ?acaeoey eiae/aneiai iuoeaiey, noaiiaeeinue
ana cao?oaeieoaeueiaa. Aoaeouaa iiaee i?aaeaeaeaoue eeoue iaeioi?ua
(ionthaea eaeae eca?aiie/anoaa, oaiaeiinoe Aiao). Iio?aaiaaeenue
?acee/iua niiniau “?anoe?aiey” niciaiey (aeiee?iaaiea eiae/aneiai
iuoeaiey): ia?eioe/aneea n?aaenoaa (ieoee A?aoeee), oaiaineea ieynee,
?acee/iua niiniau aaaeaiey. Enoaoe, aio ii/aio n?aaee i?i?ieia auee
th?iaeeaua.

Ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia ?acaeoey /aeiaae iiaeao iiiuoaoueny aa?iooue naaa
oo?a/aiioth niiniaiinoue. Aieueoeo oniaoia aeaeaoue ia i?eoiaeeony, oae
eae ieeoi ia niae?aaony ioeacuaaoueny io eiae/aneiai iuoeaiey. *aeiaae
iiaeao oeo/oeoue “neuoeiinoue” aoaeouaai ca n/ao aieaa ea/anoaaiiiai
iaiieiaiey iaaea?aiaiiiai eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iioiea, ca n/ao
eniieueciaaiey caeiiia eioi?iaoeee e iiaie iaoee — A?aiyiieee.

Oai?eth aiaa?aiaiiiai eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaiaia (A?aiyiieee) iiaeii
eceiaeeoue a aeaea iinooeaoia.

1) Ana aeeaia /oanoaoao aoaeouaa (aaoa? a?aiaie, ianouee eioi?iaoeeth).

2) *aeiaae iaoiaeeony a ?aceaaea n aiaa?aiaiiui eioi?iaoeeiiiui iioieii
iioiio /oi iaoaao eiae/aneia iuoeaiea nicaeathuaa “neaiua iaaeaaeaeu”.

3) *aeiaae iiaeao oi?ie?iaaoue eioi?iaoeeiiiue iioie oaeouee a i?ioeia,
oai naiui nicaeaaay naycue aoaeouaai n i?ioeui. Nouanoaotho ?aciua
niiniau iaaiaoaiey iioiea eioi?iaoeee: eiioeaio?aoeey aieiaiey, aeiiic,
iaaeeoaoeey. Iaiaoiaeeii aeieaia e e?iiioeeaia iniuneaiea ia?acia,
ia?aaeaaaaiuo a i?ioeia. Eioi?iaoeey i niauoee iiaeao nii?iaiaeaeaoueny
ii?aaeaeaiiui yiioeeiiaeueiui iano?iai. Eaaeaeue /aeiaae aeieaeai nai
ii?aaeaeeoue e auaeaeeoue aeey naay oaeia yiioeeiiaeueiia ninoiyiea.

Iaeuecy ia oiiiyiooue e ia yeaiaioa?iie /anoiinoe, i eioi?ie neacaii a
Aaaiaaeee: ”Ionoue aoaeao aaoa aea — aea, iao — iao. *anoiinoe ia?aae
naiei niaie. Aac iaa ia iiaeao auoue ?a/e ie i eaeie ia?aaea/a
eioi?iaoeee.

YENIA?EIAIO

Iiaeii ee iinoaaeoue yenia?eiaio eioi?ue au iiaeoaa?aeee nouanoaiaaiea
AEI.

Yenia?eiaio yoi oaeia aeaenoaea, eiaaea iu a ninoiyiee ?anneacaoue
ae?oaei, /oi iaie i?iaeaeaii e /oi iai noaei ecaanoii a eoiaa.

Aeey iinoaiiaee yenia?eiaioia ai A?aiyiieea, ia o?aaothony eino?oiaiou,
enneaaeiaaoaeueneie eaai?aoi?eae yaeyaony iica /aeiaaea. Iiaeii ee
aiai?eoue i aini?iecaiaeeiinoe ?acoeueoaoia eioi?ua iieo/athony o iaeieo
e ia iieo/athony o ae?oaeo? Oa o eiai ie/aai ia iieo/aaony neiaii au
ca?aiaa aeene?eaeeoe?othony iaie, iie eaai?aoi?ey neaaiaaoa. Iaaa?iyea
ionoonoaea eaai?aoi?ee aaea-ieaoaeue a Ao?eea, ia?aiineony ao?eeaioeaie
eaa/a, /ai ionoonoaea iicaia ia?aiineony aa?iiaeoeaie. Aio ainoi/iua
o?aaeeoeee iicaieytho iiaeoiaeeoue e eioaeeaeooaeueiui eaai?aoi?eyi oae
aea eae e eino?oiaioaeueiui. Ii e o ian iiiaia noaei iaiyoueny.

Yenia?eiaio iinoaaeoue ia neiaeii. Iiaeioei au aeaaea eaeia-ieaoaeue
eaceii. A?oiia ethaeae i?aaeeiaeeoue i?eeoe a eaceii, naeaeaoue iaeio
noaaeo ia ?oeaoea (ia iniiaiii iiea — oeeo?u io 0 aei 36) e aia
caaeneiinoe io ?acoeueoaoa iieeiooue aai. Iinea yoiai eniuooaiua
aeieaeiu aoaeoo ia?eniaaoue auiaaooth oeeo?o, iiaaneoue ia noaia e ?ac a
aeaiue, a oa/aiee ianyoea eiioeaio?e?iaaoue ia iae naia aieiaiea. A
oeaeyo iaoa?eaeueiie caeioa?aniaaiiinoe auea?uo inoaaeyoue o eniuooaiuo.
A yenia?eiaioa caaeaenoaiaaoue ethaeae ?aiueoa a ?oeaoeo ia ea?aaoeo.
Oaeaea acyoue n ieo neiai /oi a aeeaeaeoea iie aiaea iie ea?aoue ia
aoaeoo.

Iaeioi?ua iiiiiaiou ioeai/ii iieaaatho, /oi i?aaeaeaeaiea neacuaaaony ia
/anoioa auiaaeaiey oiai eee eiiai /enea. Iaaeaeo oai, ie/aai iiaeiaiiai
ia i?ienoiaeeo. Iacaaeneii io iaaethaeaoaey, iieo/athuaai ec aoaeouaai
eioi?iaoeeth i auiaaeaiee oiai eee eiiai /enea, /anoioa auiaaeaiee
iiae/eiyaony caeiiai aa?iyoiinoe. A aeaiiii neo/aa eioi?iaoeey ec
aoaeouaai ia yaeyaony aeaaea einaaiiie i?e/eiie niauoey.

Iiaeii noaaeoue yenia?eiaiou ia e?unao eioi?ua, eae ecaanoii iieeaeatho
caeaiea, eioi?ia nei?i ia?ooeony eee nai?eo, eee ei?aaeue eioi?ue
caoiiao.

Noaaeoue yenia?eiaiou a yoie iaeanoe ia neiaeii. Neiaeii iaania/eoue
aunieee o?iaaiue aeiaa?ey e iei. Ethaee nae/an neeiiiu niiiaaaoueny ai
anai.

N yaeaieai AEI noaeeeaaeenue iiiaea o/aiua. Oaaeoea?neee ineoiaiaeeoee
Ea?e THia enneaaeiaae yaeaiea, iacaaiiia ei neio?iieciii, oi anoue
eiaaea iaeiia?aiaiii, iiae/an a ?aciuo ianoao, i?ienoiaeyo iioiaeea eee
aeaaea iaeeiaeiaua niauoey. Iai?eia?, eiaaea nia?oue iaeiiai /aeiaaea
aucuaaao o?aaiaeiue nii o aai aeeceiai ?iaenoaaiieea.

Iiaeiaiua niaiaaeaiey, aneaaenoaea eo iiiai/eneaiiinoe, o?aaiaaee
eaeiai-oi ?aoeeiiaeueiiai iauyniaiey iiieii nnueee ia neo/aeiinoue eee
oaeaiaoeth. Ii iunee THiaa, yaeaiea neio?iiecia neoaeeo aeiiieiaieai e
i?e/eiiinoe — yoi i?aaenoaaeaiea aicieeei o iaai, iaaa?iia, iiae
aeeyieai nio?oaeie/anoaa n Aieueoaaiaii Iaoee, iaeiei ec iniiaaoaeae
eaaioiaie iaoaieee: e oeceea, e ineoieiaey ia iiaoo auoue aaniethoii
iauaeoeaiuie, iineieueeo e ooo, e oai iaaethaeaoaeue iaecaaaeii aeeyao
ia iaaethaeaaiue iauaeo.

THia i?eaiaeeo i?eia? — neo/ae ni Naaaeaiai?aii, eiaaea oio ia?aaeee
aeaeaiea iiaea?a oi/ii a oi aea a?aiy, eiaaea iiaea? aeaenoaeoaeueii
aooaaae a Noieaieueia. Ii iiaieth THiaa, ii?aaeaeaiiua eciaiaiey a
ninoiyiee ineoeee Naaaeaiai?aa aeaee aio aeinooi e “aaniethoiiio
ciaieth” — a iaeanoue, aaea i?aiaeieaaathony a?aieoeu a?aiaie e
i?ino?ainoaa.

ANA AEEAIA *OANOAOAO AOAeOUAA

Ii oieueei ee ineoeea aeinooiii i?aiaeieaiea a?aieoe a?aiaie? I?ioeaieee
aea?aeiecia ooaa?aeaeatho, /oi aeeciue ia Caiea ?acaeaaeanue
oeaeaiai?aaeaiii, iioiio /oi, anee iiaen/eoaoue, neieueei a?aiaie
iaiaoiaeeii aeey yaiethoeee iooai neo/aeiuo iooaoeee, oi iieo/eony
iano?acii aieueoay aaee/eia, cia/eoaeueii i?aauoathuay aic?ano
Anaeaiiie.

Neo/aeiinoue ia iauyniyao e yaiie nenoaiiinoe a iiiaiia?acee
aicieeathueo oi?i aeeaiai, /oi i?iyaeyaony a nouanoaiaaiee caeiia
aiiieiae/aneeo ?yaeia I.E.Aaaeeiaa, niaeanii eioi?iio aaiaoe/anee
aeeceea aeaeu eiatho noiaeiue oei ianeaaenoaaiiie eciai/eainoe. Yoi
aiai?eo i nouanoaiaaiee iaeioi?uo iaueo oii?yaei/eaathueo caeiiia.

A iiaeaee oeaeaiai?aaeaiiie yaiethoeee ?acaeoeai oi?aaeyao aoaeouaa.
Oi?aaeyao, i?iaoee?oy ia i?ioeia iao?eoeu aeaeia, eioi?ua aeieaeiu
aicieeiooue! I?inoi a aoaeouai eo /eneaii aieueoa.

Anee yoi oae, oi i?eaeaony naeaeaoue ?aaiethoeeiiiue oaa e ia?aniio?aoue
nouanoaothuoth eiioeaioeeth a?aiaie. Ii yoi ia cia/eo, /oi ioaeii
ioeacaoueny io ?aaeueiinoe i?e/eiii-neaaenoaaiiuo naycae, a oieueei
i?eciaoue aeeaeaeoe/aneia aaeeinoai i?e/eiu e neaaenoaey, i?ioeiai e
aoaeouaai (a oeceea yoi i?iyaeyaony a nouanoaiaaiee oae iacuaaaiuo
eaaioiauo ei??aeyoeee e iaeieaeueiinoe).

Yoi iiaeii eioa?i?aoe?iaaoue e oae: niauoey niiniaiu nicaeaaaoue ai
a?aiaie i?e/eiii-neaaenoaaiiua iaoee.

?AEO?NEss

Noi?iiieee “aeoaeecia” iinoiyiii ooaa?aeaeatho iniaaiiinoue aeeciaiiuo
i?ioeannia eo ?aceoaeueiia ioee/ea io eeaa?iaoe/aneeo iaoei.

Oae Aain Ae?eo ino?ioiiuie yenia?eiaioaie iieacae, eae ?acaeaathueeny
ca?iaeuo /ooei ?aaae?oao ia aiaoaoaeuenoai yenia?eiaioaoi?a e ana aea,
aii?aee yoiio aiaoaoaeuenoao, ?acaeaaaony a ii?iaeueiue i?aaieci,
?aaoee?oy aeaeaiea e ia?aiauaiea eeaoie.

Ae?eo iinoaaee aii?in i nouanoaiaaiee i?enouaai oieueei i?aaieciai
naienoaa eioi?ia iacaae oaeoi?ii A eee “yioeeaoeae”.

A 1933 aiaeo a eieaa “Oeeinioneea aii?inu nia?aiaiiinoe” Ae?eo ienae:
”Yioeeaoeth y aaiaeo eae iaee/iue oaeoi? a yiie?e/aneii niunea, oae eae,
aaeaeo iaiineeueiinoe ?aoaiey iaoaie/aneei iooai, i?eioeei “i?e/eiiinoe”
ia nio?aiee au a aoaeouai aeinoaoi/iiai eiae/aneiai iniiaaiey. *oi-oi
aeieaeii auoue, ii iii iiea /oi “O”.”

Yioeeaoeth Ae?eoa iinoeaea ia/aeueiay noaeueaa. Iiaeaaeythuaa
aieueoeinoai aeieiaia aa ioaa?aei. Eacaeinue, /oi eaeae Ae?eoa
aica?auatho aeieiaeth e aeaaii ii/eaoaio noa?iio aeoaeecio
aeiaea?aeiianeeo a?aiai n aai ?annoaeaeaieyie i “no?aieaiee e
niceaeaieth”, “aeeciaiiie neea”, “oi?ie?othuae neea” e iiaeiaiuo
ooiaiiuo iiiyoeyo.

Iicaeiaa auea nicaeaia oai?ey iaoei, eieoe?othueo iaeioi?ua ooieoeee
i?aaieciia, a eiaiii eo ?aaoeyoi?iue oa?aeoa? (n eniieueciaaieai
ia?aoiuo naycae). Oae /oi aea oaeoi? “O”? Iiaeao auoue ii ia ioaeai? Ii
iiniio?ei, eae aea iiaeaee?oao iaoeia aeeciaiiua i?ioeannu. A
i?ia?aiie?iaaiea i?i/ii aioei iiiyoea ?aeo?nee — i?ioeann eiaaea
aeai?eoi aae?anoao i?ioeanni? e oaea auiieiaiiie /anoe i?ia?aiiu. Oi
anoue iaoeia eieoe?oao AEI.

Anth ia?aoth iieiaeio aeaaaeoeaoiai noieaoey nic?aaaea iuneue i
aaaeiaeoai ea/anoaa aeeauo nenoai — oeaeaniia?aciinoe (eee
oeaeaiai?aaeaiiinoe, oeaeaono?aieaiiinoe e o.i. ).

E?ANII?A*EAUA IIAeNEACEE ENOI?EE

Nia?aiaiiia ciaiea no?aieony nicaeaoue ia oieueei aaeeioth oece/aneoth
ea?oeio ie?a, ii e i?iieeiooue a caaaaeee eoeueoo?ii-niceaeaoaeueiuo
ono?aieaiee /aeiaa/anoaa. Enoi?ey iaeiieea ia?iiiue iaoa?eae i i?i?ieao
e i?i?eoeaoaeyo, ii aei neo ii? ia auei iiiuoie nenoaiaoece?iaaoue e
iniuneeoue yoe oaiiiaiu. Aio ianeieueei o?anoiiaoeeiuo i?eia?ia i
neo/ayo i?aaeaeaeaiey (i eao?aiao Iino?aaeaiona eee i?aaeneacaieyo
Aaiae, i eioi?uo nae/an oae iiaeii aiai?eoue, oiie/o):

— aeaia THeey Oeaca?y i?enieeny nii, a eioi?ii iia aeaeaea, eae oaeaatho
aa ioaea, a /a?ac o?e aeiy Oeaca?ue aue aeaenoaeoaeueii caeieio;

— aiaeeeneee ei?ieue ?e/a?ae III oaeaeae ai nia, /oi iiaea a aith, a ia
neaaeothuee aeaiue yoi naa?oeeinue;

— aieneii Eicao Eaiee oaeaeae ai nia, eae cano?aeeee aano?eeneiai
y?oeaa?oeiaa Oa?aeeiaiaea, /oi e i?iecioei ia neaaeothuee aeaiue, a
?acoeueoaoa /aai ia/aeanue Ia?aay ie?iaay aieia;

— aia?eeaineee i?aceaeaio Aa?aai Eeieieuei iaiaeiie?aoii aeaeae niu e
aeaeaiey (iineaaeiee ?ac iaeaioia iieooaiey), eioi?ua i?aaeneacuaaee aio
aeaaeue io ?oee iaaiiiai oaeeoeu;

— aiaeeeneee i?aiuea? Oeinoii *a?/eeue aoeaaeueii /oaeii, ii eaeiio-oi
iaeoeth, iaeiaaeaeu nian naieo neoa, a a ae?oaie ?ac nai ecaaaeae
iaieioaiie aeaaee ai a?aiy aiiaa?aee?iaie Eiiaeiia;

— ecaanoiue yeno?anain Yaeaa?ae Eaen iacaae oi/ioth aeaoo caieao?ynaiey
a Eaeeoi?iee, ?ac?ooeaoaai Nai-O?aioeenei a 1906a.

E niaeaeaieth, iao ieeaeie aiciiaeiinoe i?eaanoe ana aeieoiaioaeueii
caoeene?iaaiiua oaeou. Ianiiiaiii oieueei iaeii: neaaeoao i?eciaoue
nouanoaiaaiea oaiiiaia aiaa?aiaiiiai eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaiaia. Aeey yoiai
neaaeoao ia n?aaieaaoue /enei oaea/iuo e iaoaea/iuo i?aaeneacaiee, a
ii?aaeaeeoue aa?iyoiinoue eaaeaeiai aa?iiai i?aaeneacaiey e n?aaieoue aa
n aa?iyoiinoueth /enoi neo/aeiiai niauoey.

AACOIIUA IEOEE E CAe?AAIIUNEssUEA AAIEE

Ieaoii a naieo “Eca?aiiuo aeeaeiaao” ienae: “I?i?eoeaoaeueieoea a
Aeaeueoao e ae?eoeu a Aeiaeiia a ennooieaiee naeaeaee iiiai oi?ioaai
aeey Yeeaaeu e ioaeaeueiui ethaeyi, e oeaeui ia?iaeai, a a cae?aaii oia
— iaei eee aiana ie/aai. E anee iu noaee au aiai?eoue i Neaeeea e
ae?oaeo, eioi?ua aeaaiaea?y aiaeanoaaiiiio aea?o i?i?eoeaiey iiiaeanoaii
i?aaeneacaiee iiiaeo iai?aaeee ia aa?iue iooue a aoaeouai, oi iu au
iio?aoeee neiaa ia oi, /oi anyeiio ynii. Ii aio ia /oi noieo nineaoueny:
ae?aaiea, eioi?ua aeaaaee eiaia aauai, ia n/eoaee ennooieaiea
aacia?aciui eee iici?iui — eia/a au iie ia i?icaaee “iaie/aneei” oi
i?ae?aniia eneonnoai, eioi?ia iicaieyao noaeeoue i aoaeouai. Iao, n/eoay
aai i?ae?aniui, anee iii iiyaeyaony ii aiaeanoaaiiiio ii?aaeaeaieth, iie
e aeaee aio yoi eiy, a iaoe nia?aiaiieee, ii iaaaaeanoao anoaaea aoeao
“o”, iacuaatho aai “iaioe/aneei”. Oi/ii oae aea e oio aeae aaaeaiey,
eiaaea naaaeouea ethaee iuoatho a?yaeouaa ii ioeoeai e ae?oaei
ciaiaieyi, a eioi?uo, neiaii ia?i/ii, caeeth/ai aeey /aeiaa/aneiai oia
niune e aeaaea ciaiea aoaeoueo niauoee, ae?aaiea iacaaee ieiiienoeeie
[eee aaaeaieai iin?aaenoaii oia], a oaia?ue iacuaatho iii?inoo
“ieiienoeeie” [eee ioeoeaaaaeaieai], n iiaaie ?aaee iuoiinoe. Oae aio,
ianeieueei i?i?eoeaiea niaa?oaiiaa e oeaiiaa ioeoeaaaaeaiey e ii eiaie e
ii nouanoao — ianoieueei aea, ii naeaeaoaeuenoao ae?aaieo, ennooieaiea,
aea?oaiia aiaii, i?ae?aniaa cae?aaiiuneey, naienoaaiiiai ethaeyi.

Ecaaaeaiea io aieaciae, io e?aeieo aaaenoaee, io oyaioaaoaai ecae?aaea
aiaeueaai aiaaa auaaei iaeaeaii aeaaiaea?y ennooieaieth, iiyaeaoaiony
ioeoaea-oi a iaeioi?uo ?iaeao e aeaaaaoaio i?i?eoeaiea oai, eiio yoi
o?aaiaaeinue. Ennooieaiea canoaaeyei i?eaaaaoue e iieeoaai e neoaeaieth
aiaai, io/aai oaeinoaeaaeinue i/euaiey e iinayuaiey a oaeinoaa e oai
ia?aaeaeaei io iaianoae e ia iuiaoiaa e ia aoaeouaa a?aiy oiai, eai
iaeaaeaaaei, e i?eiineei ecaaaeaiea io iuiaoieo cie iiaeeeiii
enooieaiiui e iaea?aeeiui.

O?aoee aeae iaea?aeeiinoe e ennooieaiey — io Ioc, iii ioaaouaaao
iaaeioth e iaii?i/ioth aeooo, i?iaoaeaeaao aa, canoaaeyao eceeoue
aaeoe/aneee ainoi?a a ianiiiaieyo e a eiuo ?iaeao iiycee e, oe?aoay
ian/aoiia iiiaeanoai aeayiee i?aaeeia, ainieouaaao iioiieia. Eoi aea aac
ieniineaiiiai Iocaie ennooieaiey iiaeoiaeeo e ii?iao oai?/anoaa, a
oaa?aiiinoe, /oi aeaaiaea?y iaeiie nii?iaea noaiao ec?yaeiui iiyoii, oio
iaiiuai, e ana nicaeaiiia /aeiaaeii cae?aaiiuneyuei caoieony oai?aieyie
ennooieaiiuo”.

I?i ieoee, ennooieaiiuo i?aaeneacaoaeueieoe aoaeouaai, iu ciaai eeoue ii
eaaaiaeai. Ii nouanoaotho e aiieia aeinoiaa?iua oaeou i?aaeneacaiee, a
oaeaea onoaiiaeaiey iao/iie enoeiu.

Iai?eia?, Aeaioa a naiae “Aiaeanoaaiiie eiiaaeee” aeae oi/iia iienaiea
nicaacaeey THaeiue E?ano, i eioi?ii a oa aiaeu niaa?oaiii oi/ii ia iiaee
ciaoue iaeoaoaee Naaa?iiai iieooa?ey Caiee. A Naeoo a “Iooaoanoaee a
Eaiooo” oeacae ii/oe oi/iua naaaeaiey i niooieeao Ia?na, — eo
?annoiyieyo io yoie ieaiaou e ia?eiaeao ia?auaiey, — oioy yoe niooieee,
Oiain e Aeaeiin, auee ioe?uou ano?iiiiaie eeoue iiiai eao nionoy…

Oaea ia a noieue aeaaiaa a?aiy, niaeanii eaaaiaea, Eaeoea oaeaeae ai nia
no?oeoo?ioth oi?ioeo aaiciea, a Iaiaeaeaaa — ia?eiaee/aneoth nenoaio
yeaiaioia. A?yae ee noieo niiiaaaoueny a oii, /oi yoe ioe?uoey auee
neaaenoaeai naiaia?aciiai iao/iiai ennooieaiey. Ii-aeaeeiiio,
nia?aiaiiua o/aiua iiaee au iiiieieoue nienie oaeeaeoaeueiuo oai?/aneeo
ica?aiee.

AAC ANssEIE IENOEEE

I?aaeaeaeaiey aoaeouaai aiciiaeiu, anee aia/aoeaiey inoaaeytho y?eee,
aeoaieee neaae a iicao a ianoiyuai. Aeey ia?aaea/e neaiaea ioaeai
i?eaiiee e ia?aaeao/ee. I?iua anaai n/eoaoue eie iaeei e oio aea iica
eee aanue i?aaieci, ?acaeaeaiiue a?aiaiiui eioa?aaeii.

Eae iiaeao i?eoiaeeoue eioi?iaoeey ec aoaeouaai? Iai?eia?, /aeiaae n
aiiiaeueiuie niiniaiinoyie i?e /oaiee oaenoa a cae?uoii eiiaa?oa
?aaioaao oniaoiaa, anee iioii aio niiauatho niaea?aeaiea yoiai oaenoa.
Eee, anee yeno?anain oeacuaaao ianoi eaeiai-oi i?ienoanoaey, a iioii aio
aiai?yo i oii, aaea yoi aeaenoaeoaeueii i?iecioei. Iiyoiio aiieia
aiciiaeii, /oi ia nouanoaoao ieeaeie oaeaiaoee, yniiaeaeaiey,
aeeaaiinoeee ia ?annoiyiee, a anoue oieueei n/eouaaiea eioi?iaoeee ec
aoaeouaai.

Eoae, ieeaeie ienoeee, e?iia iaaieueoie ei??aeoe?iaee iaoeo acaeyaeia ia
i?e?iaeo a?aiaie.

IA IAA?AAeE

Aeooiaiue ie? /aeiaa/anoaa /ai-oi iioiae ia eioa?iao. Aio oieueei iaei
eoi i iai ciaao, e aua iaiueoa oao eoi ei iieuecoaony.

I?eiauaynue e aeooiaiie aeecie /aeiaa/anoaa iaiaoiaeeii iaaciianeoue
naay aioeae?oniie i?ia?aiiie. Ioaeii eiaoue oaa?aeoth onoaiiaeo — “Ia
iaa?aaee”. Yoi auei aaaeii a i?ioaaeoea a?aiaia, yoi aaaeii e oaia?ue,
ia ia?aoiaeiii yoaia. Aiieia aiciiaeii iiianoue iiae aeeyiea nee
?aniaaea, ?aceiaeaiey. E oiio aea oi /oi a iaeii a?aiy aeaai, a ae?oaia
iiaeao auoue ceii.

NIA?AIAIIIA IIEIAEAIEA AeAE

I?aaeneacaoaeae nae/an ?acaaeinue iiiai.

Iia eaaeaony /oi iinea anaai eceiaeaiiiai ynii, /oi oaiiiai
i?aaeaeaeaiey aoaeouaai caeiaeai a naiii /aeiaaea e iiyoiio ia noieo
eneaoue aoaeouaa a aeaeaeaiee ieaiao, a ea?oao, aiaao, eioaeiie aoua,
eiiiuethoa?ao e i?i/ai. Iaaei eco/aoue nianoaaiiia niciaiea.

Oa?eaoaiu i?aaeeaaatho “i?aaeaeaeaoue aoaeouaa” ii ii/oa e ii oaeaoiio.
Iaae oai /aeiaae aa?oueeny i?aaeaeaeaoue aeieaeai a aoaeouai iaeaaeaoue
en/a?iuaathuae eioi?iaoeeae i i?aaeiaoa naiaai i?aaeaeaeaiey. Yoi ia
aiciiaeii i?e iiaa?oiinoiii iauaiee.

Ecaanoiu enoi?e/aneea oaeou.

1. Iino?aaeaion ano?aoea iaecaanoiiai iiiaoa i?aaeaeaeae, /oi oio a
aoaeouai noaiao Iaiie.

2. O?aioeocneay aaaeaeea Eaii?iai, i?aaeneacaea aaia?aeo Aoiiaia?oo, /oi
ii noaiao eiia?aoi?ii O?aioeee.

Neaaeoao ia?aoeoue aieiaiea, /oi a iaieo neo/ayo ?a/ue oea i
enoi?e/aneeo ee/iinoyo, inoaaeaoeo neaae a enoi?ee. Eaii?iai e
Iino?aaeaion a aoaeouai ?aniieaaaee eioi?iaoeeae ia yoeo ethaeyo.

Ciaiea caeiiiia?iinoae AEI iiiiaeao ecaaaeaoue a?oaiai iaiaia.

Eae ecaanoii iaoea yoi noiia ia?aie/aiee. Ii?a ae iaaanoe ii?yaeie a
yoie iaeanoe /aeiaa/aneeo ciaiee.

Ethaee ia aeaeatho ciaoue, /oi aoaeao, iie aeaeatho ciaoue, /oi ana
aoaeao oi?ioi. A i?a/iua i?iaiicu ia aa?yo, oi/iaa niciaiea /aeiaaea
noa?aaony eo eaii?e?iaaoue. Aeaeii anoue eaeay-oi ineoieiae/aneay
caueoa. Eannaiae?a ia aa?eee iioiio, /oi iia i?aaeneacuaaea aeaaeue. E
iiaeaea iia iioiio, /oi ?aiueoa ethaee n/eoaee, /oi i?aaeneacaiea naii
ii naaa iaeaaeaao iaae/aneie neeie. Oieueei oaia?ue, iniiauaaynue ia
aeaiiuo A?aiyiieee iiaeii neacaoue, /oi oaeie neeu o iaai iao. Aieaa
oiai, anee i?aaeeueii iieueciaaoueny aiaa?aiaiiui iaiaiii eioi?iaoeee,
oi n iaaaoeaiuie yaeaieyie aoaeouaai iiaeii ai?ioueny.

A nia?aiaiiii ie?a aoooao e?eieiaeueiue e yeieiae/aneee e?ecenu, e aac
niiniaiinoe i?aaeaeaeaoue aoaeouaa iaoaio iauanoao ia auaeeoue.

A oa?ica ec einiina, a aeaea aiciiaeiinoe noieeiiaaiey n iaeuie
iaaaniuie oaeaie! A ?acoeueoaoa aania/iinoe ethaeae ec eieae auoey
iiaeao auoue au/a?eiooi ana /aeiaa/anoai.

Eae aea ?aoeoue i?iaeaio iaaa?ey? Iia aeaeyony ianeieueei iooae.

1. Iiauneoue ea/anoai i?aaeneacaiee iooai inaiaiey iniia A?aiyiieee.

2. Inaiaiea niiniaiinoe i?aaeaeaeaoue aoaeouaa anai ianaeaieai.

3. Nicaeaiea oeaio?ia ii ia?aaioea i?aaeneacaiee e na?oeoeeaoeee
i?i?ieia.

Aoaeouaa caaeneo oieueei io ian, io anao oao, eoi ino?i /oanoaoao naith
nii?e/anoiinoue e naith ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca ana i?ienoiaeyuaa aie?oa.

?IAEAeAIEA AeOOE

Anoue aeiioaca, /oi i?aaeaeaeaiea aoaeouaai a aieueoae noaiaie
naienoaaiii aeaoyi. I?e ?iaeaeaiee iica /aeiaaea ?acaeaaaony ia oieueei
iiae/eiyynue caeiiai aeieiae/aneie ianeaaenoaaiiinoe, ii e aini?eieiay
eioi?iaoeeth ec aoaeouaai. Eioi?iaoeeth naycaiioth n aoaeouae
aeayoaeueiinoueth /aeiaaea, n aai noaeueaie. Iica eae iiaeao
i?eaioaaeeaaaony e i?aaenoiyuei eniuoaieyi. Iac?y aiai?yo , /oi ana
aeaoe aaiee. A aeaonoaa iica y?/a aini?eieiaao eioi?iaoeeth ec
aoaeouaai, eae io naiiai naay a aoaeouai, oae e io ae?oaeo ethaeae.

Aio /oi ieoao AIOEAE a “Aiieiaey, eee i iaaee”. “ss iiiith, /oi
i?i/eoae o oeeinioa Aa??iia, ioaea iiiaioiiiai e iiiainaaaeouaai, n?aaee
i?i/eo ?anneacaa oaeiai aea ?iaea aua e aio eaeie. sseiau a O?aeeao,
eiaaea aieoau oai niaa?oaee aaaeaiey ia enoiaea Ieo?eaeaoiaie aieiu,
iaeee io?ie, nica?oeay io?aaeaiiue a aiaea eoie? Ia?eo?ey, aae?oa i?iiae
ianiue a noi oanoueaeanyo noeoia i a?yaeoueo niauoeyo. Oio aea Aa??ii
?anneacuaaao, eae Oaaee, iioa?ya iyouenio aeaia?eaa, i?eoae ca niaaoii e
Ieaeaeeth e eae ca/a?iaaiiua Ieaeaeeai iaeue/eee oi/ii ioaaoeee ia
aii?in aai, aaea ca?uoa iioia n /anoueth yoeo aeaiaa e eoaea ?acioeenue
inoaeueiua — e oiaaea iaeia iiiaoa iaoeanue aeaaea o oeeinioa Ia?ea
Eaoiia, eioi?ue i?eciaeny, /oi acye aa io naiaai aea aeeaeiaai ?aaa aeey
aciina a Aiieeiiiao eacio. Aio oaeia e iiaeiaiia i aieoiaaieyo e io?ieao
/eoae y ai iiiaeo eieaao e ana-oaee niiiaaathnue, /oi ii yoiio iiaiaeo
neacaoue — aeiionoeoue eee ioaa?aiooue, oioue y e aa?th Ieaoiio, /oi
iaaeaeo aiaaie e ethaeueie i?aauaatho iaeea i?iiaaeooi/iua ii i?e?iaea e
ii ianoiiieiaeaieth aeeaiua neeu, i?aayuea anaie i?i?i/anoaaie e
/oaeiaeaenoaiaaieyie iaaia. Iiyoiio y ii ?aciuoeaiee aeiioneath
aiciiaeiinoue, /oi /aeiaa/aneay aeooa, a iaeia/a aeaoneay e iaaeiiay, oi
ee io caiaoia oneaaeaeathueo, oi ee io ianai ooaoathueo canuiaao a
ae?aiioiii oniieiaiee e a aaniaiyoiii ei aiaoiaio io/oaeaeaiee, oae /oi
ia e?aoeee iea n iicaauoui oaeii iia ?aceo/aaony e e nianoaaiiiio
anoanoao aica?auaaony, a anoanoai nea aienoeio aannia?oii e aiaeanoaaiii
— e /oi iiyoiio neiaii au a iaeiai niiiii aeo?iaia i?iaeaeeo aeooa
a?yaeouaa. Iaeiaei aea a ethaii neo/aa, anee aiiaua iiaeii aa?eoue
iiaeiaiiio, oi aeey naiiai nouanoaa aeaea iai?aiaiii iaaeiaii, eae y
neuoae, /oiau yoio — oae ia ciath eaeie! — iacia/aiiue aeey i?i?i/anoaa
io?ie aue au oaeii i?ae?anai e aanii?i/ai, ?acoiii inoa? e aea?ii ?a/e
ioee/ai: ana aeey oiai, /oiau aeeaiay neea a iai eae au ioiaiiia
iaeoaeeua, eiaai aeinoieia, aaeaee e ai?aaaeo ienoiaeeo iia a io?i/aneia
oaei, e /oiau naia aeooa iinea nei?iai naiaai i?iaoaeaeaiey ai?ioeeanue
au e i?i?i/anoao, ieaii ath ia?aoaiiiio, e n eaaeinoueth ainiiiieea au
aai a oeaeinoe e nio?aiiinoe, aua ia o?iiooia caaaaieai.”

Iaaei aieiaoaeueiaa ioiineoueny e oiio /oi aiai?yo aeaoe, ii?ie aua a
ieaaeai/aneii aic?anoa. Aeaoe eiiaaea ianoieueei ia?aiaiaiu
ia?ac?aoeiuie i?iaeaiaie eioi?ua anoaioo ia?aae ieie a aoaeouai, /oi
iiaoo aeaaea aieaoue io yoiai.

Iu aua oieueei i?eaeeaeaainy e oaeiai oi?ie?iaaiey aeooe-ineoae. Iu aua
ia ciaai n eaeeie oaiiiaiaie iai i?aaenoieo noieeiooueyny, ii eae au
anooiay a iieaieeo n E.THiaii iiaeii ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi a?oeoeiu, i
aeeyiee eioi?uo ia ?acaeoea aeooe ii aiai?ee, iaoiaeyony ia a i?ioeii
ia?iaeia, a a eo aoaeouai. Ai?i/ai, /oiau ia aiineoue iooaieoeu y
i?aaeeaaath iacaaoue eo iaioeiaie.

IU E AOAeOUAA

Aoaeouaa ii?aaeaeyao i?ioeia, ii e /aio iii ian neeiiyao? Ianiiiaiii,
iioiiee oioyo aeeoue oi?ioi, n/anoeeai. E, a eaeie-oi ia?a, eo n/anouea
— yoi iaoa n/anouea. Aicieeie a aoaeouai i?iaeaia — e iu iuooei aieio
aiee, no?aaeaiee, ia?aaeeaaiee. *aeiaa/anoai yaeyaony aaeeiui i?aaieciii
n aaeeiui ?acoiii.

Neeueiuo i?iaiaeieeia eioi?iaoeee iaei, e, ca/anooth, ino?i ia?aaeaaony
iaaaoeaiay eioi?iaoeey. Iiaeii auaeaeeoue aeaa noeey aeecie, ii aeaeo
eniieuecoaiuo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo iioieia ec aoaeouaai: eaiae aeaaioai?iie e
iieaciie eioi?iaoeee, e iaaaoeaiue eaiae, aaaeouee e aeaaee — eaiae
iaoaea/ieeia. Ionoonoaea nayce iiaeii ?anniao?eaaoue oaeaea eae eaiae
iaoaea/ieeia.

Aeey aiaa, ?aciiiaeathueony aeaeaieai, aa/iay aeeciue ia yaeyaony
i?iaeaiie. Ii ei e ia i?eoiaeeony iaeaieeaaoue eioi?iaoeeth. Aeey
/aeiaaea aaaeii onoaiiaeoue iaaeeiaeeaeaeioth naycue, /oiau i?iaeeeoueny
a aoaeouai. Iaeei ec aeaeia oaeie nayce e i?aaenoaaeyao iioie iuneae ec
aoaeouaai a i?ioeia. Ii oi?ie?oao iaoa niciaiea, iaoo aeooo. Iiaeii
aeaaea iaaeayoueny ia aine?aoaiea, eiaaea /aeiaa/anoai ?aciaueao ana
naie aiciiaeiinoe.

Ei?ie iiiaeo iauanoaaiiuo yaeaiee neaaeoao eneaoue ia noieueei a
i?ioeii, neieueei a aoaeouai. A iaeaieueoae noaiaie yoi eanaaony ?innee.

A ae?aaiae ?one nouanoaiaaea aiaaoay aieoae/aneay eoeueoo?a, iniiao
eioi?ie caeiaeeee i?i?iee. Ouny/o eao iacaae eoeueoo?a ae?aaiae ?one
noieeioeanue n ii?aaiuathuae, e oiio a?aiaie eca?auaiiie e
oaoeoece?iaaiiie, eoeueoo?ie o?enoeainoaa. Aieoau auee oie/oiaeaiu.
Ouny/o eao ?onue ?acaee?aee i?ioeai?a/ey, iaen/eneeiua aaaenoaey
ia?ooeaaeenue ia ia?iae, e ia iiaee aio iiii/ue i?i?iee. Ii aeooa
ia?iaeiay iaeno?aaeia. Ia i?inoi oae, i?aaeoi?aaeaeae Eenon, /oi ianeeea
ia?a/aii ia ii?aaeaiea, iii aeaeeo enoiee yaeaiee a i?ioeii, a oi a?aiy
eae iie a aoaeouai.

Naaiaeiy niceaeaoaeueiua neeu iaoaai iauanoaa ia enoiaea, oae eae iao
nii?eeiniiaaiey n eo enoi/ieeii — Aiaeanoaaiiui Aeooii.

Eiaiii aoaeouaa aeaao iai iaaeaaeaeo. Ia iioiaea, /oia /aeiaa/anoai
iiaeaei a nei?ii a?aiaie. Iiaeii iieaaaoue, /oi o /aeiaa/anoaa anoue a
caiana aeaa-o?e ouny/aeaoey. Neeoeii iiiai aua ia naeaeaii, ia inaiaii.
I iiiaii eiathony iiea oieueei niooiua i?aaenoaaeaiey.

ss ia aeoiath, /oi i?aaeaeaeaiea iiaeao ecaaaeoue /aeiaa/anoai io anao
aaae. Iii ii-i?aaeiaio aoaeao noiaeeoue n oia, io/aoueny io neoee e
iaeeii/anoaa, ouaoii no?aieoueny iiiyoue ie? e naia ianoi a iai. Ii i?e
ii?iaeecaoeee iuneaia?auaiey iaaeaeo aoaeouei e ianoiyuei, iiiaea
i?ioeannu iiaoo i?eeoe a aa?iiie/iia ninoiyiea. Oneuoaa aeaaoth aanoue
ia oieaa?naeueiie aa?iiiee, eaaeaeue ii/oanoaoao naay naycaiiui,
i?eie?aiiui e neeoui ni naiei aeeaeiei.

Anee iiaeieoe e aeooiaiiio iauaieth na?ueacii, oi eae ciaoue, iiaeao
auoue yoi iooue aaaeouee e ano?a/a n Aiaii. Niiniaiinoue aeecie e
aaeaioaoeee a yoie anaeaiiie e ?aiueoa aucuaaea oaeeaeaiea, oaia?ue
ia?eniaaiiay ea?oeia ?aceo iaiiaae. *oi i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
/aeiaa/anoai? Oaiue aiaeanoaa? Aaiaoe oai?aiey eee Oai?aoe?

Aiaeueyiia A.TH.

A 60 A?AIssIIEEA. Oai?ey, eioi?ie noaeaeaii eciaieoue aeeciue
/aeiaa/anoaa. Ecaeaiea aoi?ia, aeiiieiaiia. — Aaeai?iae.: Aeaa?ue a
eaoi, 2000. — 28n. (Ecaeaiea ia?aia Iiaineae?ne “Yei?” 1999a.)

Aeaeaeaiea aaeieue iaeiie i?yiie — eiy eioi?ie a?aiy, aieueoeinoai ec
ian e iacuaaao aeeciueth. Iu oaa?aiu, /oi ia a neeao eciaieoue ie
nei?inoue, ie iai?aaeaiea yoiai aeaeaeaiey e aaeeinoaaiiia /oi iai
inoaaony aeaeaoue — yoi oieueei ion/eouaaoue aa?noiaua noieau
no?aieoaeueii i?iiinyueony ieii aiaeia…

Oa/aiea a?aiaie ian ian?o aia??ae, ii i?e yoii iu aeaeei oieueei naia
i?ioeia, eai iai aeinooiiu eeoue ainiiieiaiey, noaiiayueany ana aieaa
?anieua/aouie e eneaaeaiiuie n eaaeaeui aiiaue ianooieaoei aeiai.

I oii, /oi aoaeao, iu aeiaaaeuaaainy oieueei ii niooiui eiioo?ai
aunooiathuei ec ooiaia a?yaeouaai e /anoi, i/aiue /anoi ioeaaainy,
i?eieiay aieueoia ca iaeia, aeae?eia ca aeeceia e iaiai?io. E eae
i?aaeei — niooiua oaie aia?aaee i?eieiatho iaeee iaoeo no?aoia eee an?
ia nauaathueony iaeeaeaiee.

A?aiy. Eaeiaa aai i?e?iaea? Nouanoaoao ee aoaeouaa e eae caaeyiooue a
caao?a? Iiaeii ee oi?aaeyoue aoaeouei? Ia yoe aii?inu /aeiaa/anoai
iuoaaony ioaaoeoue oaea aeaaii, ii naeaeaii a yoii iai?aaeaiee an? au?
i/aiue iaei. Yoa eieaa — au? iaeia iiiuoea ?acia?aoueny a oaeii neiaeiii
yaeaiee eae a?aiy. Eoi ciaao, iiaeao auoue caeeaaeuaathueany naaiaeiy
iniiau iiaiai iao/iiai iai?aaeaiey — oai?ee aiaa?aiaiiiai
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaiaia — iiiiaoo a aoaeouai iaocaeaoue e iinoaaeoue ia
neoaeao /aeiaa/anoao naiia iaiiei?iia ec ecaanoiuo — /aoaa?oia
ecia?aiea.

A.A.Aoaianueaa

Iao/ii-iiioey?iia ecaeaiea

AIAEUessIIA

Aaaeei TH?ueaae/

A?AIssIIEEA

?aaeaeoi?u A.A.Aoaianueaa, A.I. Iiaeeia

Oaoie/aneee ?aaeaeoi? E.A.Iaca?iaa

Naeaii a iaai? 22.03.20. Iiaeienaii a ia/aoue 10.05.20.

Oi?iao 70(90 1/32. Ia/aoue ionaoiay. Aoiaaa ionaoiay.

Oe?aae 100 yec. Oeaia naiaiaeiay. Caeac 43 .

Ecaeaoaeuenoai “Aeaa?ue a eaoi”

“Oaoieea iieiaeaaee” ?8, 1999, — “Iaoey a?aiaie”.

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