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Составление и оформление договоров

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Ieienoa?noai iauaai e i?ioanneiiaeueiiai ia?aciaaiey

?inneeneee Ainoaea?noaaiiue Aoiaieoa?iue oieaa?neoao

Enoi?eei-a?oeaiue einoeooo

Oaeoeueoao a?oeaiiai aeaea

Eaoaae?a aeieoiaioiaaaeaiey

Oaaeiniaa Aeaoa?eia Aiaoieueaaia

Iniaaiiinoe ioi?ieaiey aeiaiai?ia e eiio?aeoia

Eo?niaay ?aaioa nooaeaioee (( eo?na aeiaaiiai ioaeaeaiey niaoeeaeueiinoe
“Aeieoiaioiaaaeaiea”

Iao/iue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue : Iinyaeia A.A.

Iineaa 1997

Iaeaaeaiea

Aaaaeaiea ………………………………………………………………..2

Aeaaa 1. Aeiaiai?u e eiio?aeou : aeaeu e iniaaiiinoe………….6

Aeaaa 2. A?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaua
aeiaiai?u…………………………….8

Aeaaa 3. O?oaeiaua eiio?aeou
……………………………………………..13

Caeeth/aiea…………………………………………………….
………………….19

Nienie enoi/ieeia e
eeoa?aoo?u…………………………………………20

Aaaaeaiea

Aeiaiai?u e eiio?aeou yaeythony i?aeoe/anee naiie iaoe?iie a?oiiie
aeieoiaioia, i?eiaiythuaeny ai iiiaeo iaeanoyo aeecie iauanoaa e
oicyenoaa. Iaaeaeo oai aeiaiai?u ia aoiaeyo ie a iaeio ec nenoai
aeieoiaioaoeee. Yoi aiai?eo i niaoeeoeea aeiaiai?ia e eiio?aeoia eae
aeieoiaioia, ioi?ieythueo ?acee/iua oicyenoaaiiua e ae?oaea ioiioaiey.
Nae/an, eiaaea nouanoaoao ia?iiiia eiee/anoai eae ainoaea?noaaiiuo, oae
e iaainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee, aeiaiai?iua ioiioaiey iieo/eee iniaia
?acaeoea. Iiyoiio iaiaoiaeeii oaeaeyoue aieiaiea i?aaeeai eo ninoaaeaiey
e ioi?ieaiey.

Aeiaiai?iua ioiioaiey e naycaiiua n ieie aeiaiai?u inaauaeenue aua a
eeoa?aoo?a niaaoneiai a?aiaie. Aeiaiai?u ?anniao?eaaeenue eae
aeieoiaiou, ioi?ieythuea oicyenoaaiiua ioiioaiey iaaeaeo
ainoaea?noaaiiuie i?aaei?eyoeyie e yaeyeenue n?aaenoaii inouanoaeaiey
ieaiia iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneiai niaaaeaiey e oiaa?iiai?ioa. Oaeia
cia/aiea i?eaeaaony aeiaiai?o a ?aaioa Eociaoeiaie O.A. e Einaaa E.A.
“Oi?aaeai/aneay aeieoiaioaoeey”.

Ianiio?y ia oi, /oi aii?inu ioi?ieaiey aeiaiai?ia e eiio?aeoia aucuaatho
iinoiyiiue eioa?an, ?aaio, inaauathueo yoo oaio a oeaeii, iao. Iau/ii
?anniao?eaathony ioaeaeueiua aeaeu aeiaiai?ia, eioi?ua aeiaieueii
iiae?iaii iienuaathony. Eiio?aeou eae aeieoiaiou a iaeanoe o?oaeiauo
ioiioaiee ?anniao?eaathony a ?aaioao A. Eo?aiiiai “Eiio?aeo n
?oeiaiaeeoaeai i?aaei?eyoey”, I.E. Ee?naiiaie e TH.I. Aenaiiaa
“Aeieoiaioaoeeiiiia iaania/aiea oi?aaeaiey”. Oeaeue eiiieaen
oicyenoaaiiuo aeiaiai?ia ioaaouaaao a naiae eieaa “Oicyenoaaiiue
aeiaiai?: eaeei aio auoue ?” I.E. A?aaeineee. Oaeaea ianeieueei aeaeia
aeiaiai?ia ?anniao?eaathony a ?aaioa A.A. Oiineiiaa “Aiaoiaoi?aiaua
naeaeee”, aaea eiio?aeou i?aaenoaaeythony n oi/ee c?aiey
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo o?aaiaaiee. Noaouey A. Aeaieia “Ainoaea?noaaiiua
eiio?aeou” cao?aaeaaao aii?inu yoeo aaaeiaeoeo a aeecie e yeiiiieea
no?aiu aeieoiaioia. Nouanoaotho e ?aaiou, inaauathuea oceea aii?inu,
iaeiie ec eioi?uo yaeyaony noaouey A. Aeo?yineiai “Iaania/aiea
auiieiaiey iaycaoaeuenoa” i aeiaiai?a caeiaa.

Oeaeueth aeaiiie ?aaiou noaaeony inaauaiea aii?inia, naycaiiuo n
ioi?ieaieai aeiaiai?ia e eiio?aeoia a ?acee/iuo noa?ao aeayoaeueiinoe.
Auei au iaaiciiaeiui ?anniio?aoue i?eioeeiu ninoaaeaiey anao aeaeia
aeiaiai?ia e eiio?aeoia, iaeiaei neaaeoao auaeaeeoue iaeaieaa
?ani?ino?aiaiiua e aaaeiua ec ieo n oai, /oiau ii?aaeaeeoue eo
iniaaiiinoe.

Yoe caaea/e ?aoaeenue a i?ioeanna aiaeeca ?yaea enoi/ieeia. Aaaeiaeoeie
ec ieo yaeythony oaeea caeiiiaeaoaeueiua enoi/ieee, eae A?aaeaeaineee
eiaeaen ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee e Eiaeaen caeiiia i o?oaea.

A Eiaeaena caeiiia i o?oaea ?anniao?eaaaony oieueei iaeei aeae
aeiaiai?a- o?oaeiaie aeiaiai? (ioi?ieaiea eieeaeoeaiiai aeiaiai?a
?aaeaiaioe?oaony caeiiii ?O io 11 ia?oa 1992 aiaea “I eieeaeoeaiuo
aeiaiai?ao e niaeaoaieyo”). A eiaeaena aeaaony ii?aaeaeaiea oa?ieia
“o?oaeiaie aeiaiai?”, caeiiiaeaoaeueii cae?aieythony iniiau ioi?ieaiey
aeiaiai?a, inaauathony aii?inu, naycaiiua n aeaenoaeai e ?anoi?aeaieai
aeiaiai?a.

A A?aaeaeaineii eiaeaena aeaaony iaeaieaa oe?ieia ii?aaeaeaiea
aeiaiai?a. I?aeoe/anee ana ?acaeaeu e aeaau /anoe ia?aie A?aaeaeaineiai
eiaeaena eiatho i?yiia ioiioaiea e ?aaoee?iaaieth aeiaiai?a. A AE
auaeaeai iiae?acaeae 2 ?acaeaea ((( (aeaau 27-29), niaoeeaeueii
iinayuaiiue iauei iieiaeaieyi i aeiaiai?a. A yoii iiae?acaeaea
nin?aaeioi/aiu ii?iu, i?aaenoaaeythuea niaie iauea i?aaeea, iai?aaeaiiua
ia ?aaoee?iaaiea anao a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiauo aeiaiai?ia. Anoanoaaiii, yoe
i?aaeea oa?aeoa?ecothony aeiaieueii aunieie noaiaiueth aano?aeoeee e
iinyo iaiauaiiue oa?aeoa?. Aeaoaeueiia aea ?aaoee?iaaiea aeiaiai?iuo
ioiioaiee aeieaeii inouanoaeyoueny i?eiaieoaeueii e ioaeaeueiui aeaeai
aeiaiai?iuo iaycaoaeuenoa (eoiey-i?iaeaaea, a?aiaea, iiae?yae,
ia?aaicea, no?aoiaaiea e o.i.), eioi?ua yaeythony i?aaeiaoii /anoe
aoi?ie AE.

Iaeei ec niiniaia oi?ioee?iaaiey noi?iiaie oneiaee aeiaiai?a,
cia/eoaeueii iaeaa/athueo aai ioi?ieaiea, caeeth/aaony a ionueea e
oneiaeyi ?acee/iuo i?eia?iuo aeiaiai?ia (no.427 AE ?O). Aeey yoiai
aeinoaoi/ii, /oiau i?eia?iua oneiaey aeiaiai?ia auee ?ac?aaioaiu
i?eiaieoaeueii e eiie?aoiui aeaeai aeiaiai?ia (iai?eia?,
eoiee-i?iaeaaee, a?aiaeu iaaeeeuo iiiauaiee), a aeaaiia, /oiau yoe
i?eia?iua oneiaey auee iioaeeeiaaiu a ia/aoe. E niaeaeaieth, a ?innee
i?aeoeea ?ac?aaioee iiaeiaiuo i?ioanneiiaeueiuo oaenoia ia iieo/eea
oe?ieiai ?ani?ino?aiaiey.

Iaaeaeo n oai aei eiioea ainueieaeanyouo aiaeia nouanoaiaaee
iiiai/eneaiiua i?eia?iua e oeiiaua oneiaey aeiaiai?ia ia iinoaaeo
ioaeaeueiuo aeaeia i?iaeoeoeee e oiaa?ia, eaieoaeueiia no?ieoaeuenoai,
ia?aaiceo a?ocia, eioi?ua yaeyeenue, eae i?aaeei, i?eeiaeaieyie e iniaui
oneiaeyi iinoaaee i?iaeoeoeee e oiaa?ia, i?aaeeai i aeiaiai?ao iiae?yaea
ia eaieoaeueiia no?ieoaeuenoai e ia?aaicee eiie?aoiuo aeaeia a?ocia. Aei
ianoiyuaai a?aiaie a aeiaiai?ao, caeeth/aaiuo eiiia?/aneeie
i?aaiecaoeeyie, ia?aaeei iiaeii ano?aoeoue nnueee ia oaeea i?eia?iua e
oeiiaua oneiaey aeiaiai?ia, a oii /enea e ia oo?aoeaoeo neeo.

A ii?aaeaeaiiii niunea aoi?oth aeeciue iiiaei iiaeiaiui oneiaeyi
aeiaiai?ia, eioi?ua ia iiaoo ?anniao?eaaoueny naaiaeiy a ea/anoaa
i?eia?iuo, iiaeao aeaoue i.2 no.427 AE niaeanii eioi?iio a neo/ayo,
eiaaea a aeiaiai?a ia niaea?aeeony ionueea e i?eia?iui oneiaeyi, oaeea
i?eia?iua oneiaey iiaoo i?eiaiyoueny e ioiioaieyi noi?ii a ea/anoaa
iau/aaa aeaeiaiai iai?ioa. Ii aeey yoiai iie aeieaeiu ioaa/aoue
ii?aaeaeaiiui o?aaiaaieyi: i?aaenoaaeyoue niaie i?aaeea, eioi?ua
yaeythony neiaeeaoeieny e oe?iei i?eiaiyaiuie a eaeie-eeai iaeanoe
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe, e ii nooe naiae ia i?ioeai?a/eoue
aeaenoaothuaio caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao.

Neo/ae e ii?yaeie ?ac?aaioee oi?ioey?ia e noaiaea?oiuo oi?i aeiaiai?ia a
AE ia onoaiiaeaiu, ia i?aaeoniio?aiu oaeaea eaeea-eeai o?aaiaaiey e
i?aaiecaoeeyi, ?ac?aaaouaathuei aeiaiai?u i?eniaaeeiaiey.

Iaeiaei, i?eia?iua oi?iu aeiaiai?ia ana aea nouanoaotho. Iie eiatho
?aeiiaiaeaoaeueiue oa?aeoa? e ioaeeeothony a niaoeeaeece?iaaiiie
ia?eiaee/aneie eeoa?aoo?a. Yoi I?eia?iay oi?ia aeiaiai?a (eiio?aeoa) n
?aaioieeii, ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii caeeth/aieth o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a
(eiio?aeoa) a ienueiaiiie oi?ia, Oeiiaie eiio?aeo n ?oeiaiaeeoaeai
oaaea?aeueiiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey, ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii
caeeth/aieth o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a (eiio?aeoa).

Eo?niaay ?aaioa, iaienaiiay ia iniiaa auoaia?a/eneaiiuo enoi/ieeia,
eiaao neaaeothuoth no?oeoo?o: aaaaeaiea, o?e aeaau e caeeth/aiea. A
ia?aie aeaaa ?anniao?eaathony iauea iieiaeaiey i aeiaiai?ao e
eiio?aeoao, i?iaiaeeony eo eeanneoeeaoeey. Aoi?ay aeaaa iinayuaia
iniaaiiinoyi a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiauo aeiaiai?ia, a o?aoueae aeaaa
?anniao?eaaaony niaoeeoeea o?oaeiauo aeiaiai?ia. A caeeth/aiee
eceaaathony auaiaeu, naeaeaiiua a i?ioeanna aiaeeca iaueo i?eioeeiia
ioi?ieaiey aeiaiai?ia.

Aeaaa 1

Aeiaiai?u e eiio?aeou : aeaeu e iniaaiiinoe

Aeiaiai? – iaeaieaa onoie/eaay ai a?aiaie i?aaiaay oi?ia. Aa enoi?ey
ian/eouaaao ouny/aeaoey. Aiciiaeiinoue i?eiaiaiey aeiaiai?ia ia
i?ioyaeaiee noieue aeeeoaeueiiai ia?eiaea iauyniyaony oai, /oi ?a/ue
eaeao i aeaeie i?aaiaie oi?ia, a eioi?oth iiaoo iaeaeaoueny ?acee/iua ii
oa?aeoa?o iauanoaaiiua ioiioaiey. Ianiio?y ia eciaiaiea aa
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai niaea?aeaiey, naia ii naaa eiino?oeoeey
aeiaiai?a eae ii?iaeaeaiea th?eaee/aneie oaoieee inoaaony iaeciaiiie.

N oa/aieai a?aiaie ?anoe?yeny ninoaa aiciiaeiuo o/anoieeia aeiaiai?a-
ia?yaeo n oece/aneeie eeoeaie (a?aaeaeaiaie) a yoie ?iee noaee
aunooiaoue eieeaeoeaiua ia?aciaaiey- i?aaiecaoeee, iaaeaeaiiua i?aaaie
th?eaee/aneiai eeoea. Ana aieaa iiiaiia?aciuie noaiiaeeenue
i?aaeoniio?aiiua a caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa aeaeu aeiaiai?ia, oneiaeiyeenue
eiiaeiaoeee yeaiaioia, eniieuecoaiuo i?e eiino?oe?iaaiee eiie?aoiiai
aeiaiai?iiai i?aaiioiioaiey.

Nai oa?iei “aeiaiai?” eiaao o?e ?aciuo cia/aiey : ii?aaeaeaiiue aeae
i?aaiioiioaiee, naycuaathueo eiie?aoiuo eeoe; iniiaaiey aicieeiiaaiey
i?aaiioiioaiee; aeieoiaio, a eioi?ii caoeene?iaaiu aaaeiaeoea ia?aiao?u
niioaaonoaothuaai i?aaiioiioaiey. Eiaiii iineaaeiee aniaeo oa?ieia
“aeiaiai?” e aoaeao eniieueciaaoueny a aeaiiie ?aaioa.

Aeiaiai? (eiio?aeo) a naiae iniiaa eiaao aeaa enoi/ieea: o?oaeiaia e
a?aaeaeaineia caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai. Iniaiai aieiaiey caneoaeeaatho
a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaua aeiaiai?u. Oioy iaeioi?ua ec ieo iaiin?aaenoaaiii
e a?aaeaeaineei caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao ia ioiinyony (iai?eia?,
aiaoiaoi?aiaua aeiaiai?u) , ii iniiauaathony eiaiii ia
a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiauo ii?iao.

Oae aeiaiai?u iiaeii eeanneoeoee?iaaoue eiaiii ii yoei iaeanoyi
i?eiaiaiey, oi/iaa ii ii?iai, eaaeauei a iniiaa caeeth/aiey e ioi?ieaiey
aeiaiai?ia. Ooieoeee aeiaiai?ia a yoeo iai?aaeaieyo ?acee/iu.

?aaioa ii a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaiio aeiaiai?o, i?aaeiaoii eioi?iai
yaeyaony eeoue ii?aaeaeaiiue ?acoeueoao o?oaea, auiieiaiea
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai eiie?aoiiai o?oaeiaiai caaeaiey (iiae?yaea, caeaca,
ii?o/aiey e ae?.), inouanoaeyaony aac iiae/eiaiey eniieieoaey
aioo?aiiaio o?oaeiaiio ?anii?yaeeo i?aaei?eyoey. Eeoei, auiieiythuaa
?aaioo ii a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaiio aeiaiai?o, ia naycuaaaony ie
ii?aaeaeaiiui ?aaeeiii , ie ia?ie o?oaea. E?iia oiai, iii i?iecaiaeeo
?aaioo ia naie ?ene e aio auaeaaony iaoneiaeaiiia aiciaa?aaeaeaiea ii
?acoeueoaoai o?oaea. Ioiioaiey ii a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaiio aeiaiai?o
?aaeaiaioe?othony aeaenoaothuei a?aaeaeaineei caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii e ia
eeoe, caeeth/eaoeo oaeie aeiaiai?, ii?iu, i?aaeoniio?aiiua ECiO ?O, ia
?ani?ino?aiythony.

Oaeei ia?acii, aeiaiai?a, caeeth/aiea eioi?uo ?aaeaiaioe?oaony
?acee/iuie io?aneyie i?aaa, eiatho naie iniaaiiinoe a ioi?ieaiee e
niaoeeoeeo i?eiaiaiey.

Aeaaa 2

A?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaua aeiaiai?u

A?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaua aeiaiai?u yaeythony iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiuie e
iiiai/eneaiiuie. Iaeaieaa oe?iei eniieuecothony aeiaiai?u eiaiii a
a?aaeaeaineii i?aaa- io?anee, ?aaoee?othuae iino?iaiiua ia ia/aeao
?aaainoaa eiouanoaaiiua e naycaiiua n ieie ee/iua iaeiouanoaaiiua
ioiioaiey iaaeaeo ?acee/iuie i?aaiecaoeeyie (ainoaea?noaaiiuie e
iaainoaea?noaaiiuie), a oaeaea a?aaeaeaiaie. Ana aii?inu, naycaiiua n
a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiauie aeiaiai?aie iaoee caeiiiaeaoaeueiia ioi?ieaiea a
A?aaeaeaineii Eiaeaena ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee.

A AE ?O ia?a/eneaiu 25 aeaeia iaycaoaeuenoa, eioi?ua ioi?ieythony
iin?aaenoaii aeiaiai?a. Aeey eaaeaeiai aeaea aeiaiai?a oeacuaathony naie
ii?iu ioi?ieaiey. Aeey iaeioi?uo aeaeia aeiaiai?ia oeacuaathony oaeaea
iiaeaeaeu, eiathuea naie iniaaiiinoe. Iai?eia?, eoiey-i?iaeaaea iiaeao
ioi?ieyoueny aeiaiai?ii ?icie/iie eoiee-i?iaeaaee, aeiaiai?ii iinoaaee
oiaa?ia, aeiaiai?ii iinoaaee aeey ainoaea?noaaiiuo ioaeae, aeiaiai?ii
yia?ainiaaaeaiey, aeiaiai?ii eiio?aeoaoeee, aeiaiai?ii i?iaeaaee
iaaeaeaeeiinoe, aeiaiai?ii i?iaeaaee i?aaei?eyoey.

Iniiaiuie aeieoiaioaie ai acaeiiioiioaieyo iaaeaeo i?aaiecaoeeyie
yaeythony eiiia?/aneea eiio?aeou (aeiaiai?u). Eiio?aeo- aeieoiaio,
i?aaenoaaeythuee niaie niaeaoaiea e ?aaoee?iaaiea ioiioaiee, inaauaao
neaaeothuea aii?inu: oa?aeoa? naeaeee, oneiaey iinoaaee, n?iee iinoaaee,
o?ainii?oe?iaea, oiaeiaea e ia?ee?iaea, oeaia, ea/anoai, iieaoa,
aa?aioee, i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe noi?ii.

Caeeth/aiea eiie?aoiiai eiio?aeoa iau/ii ia/eiaaony n i?aaeeiaeaiey aai
caeeth/eoue- iai?aaeaiey ioa?ou. Ioa?oa aeieaeia niaea?aeaoue iniiaiua
oneiaey i?aaeeaaaaiie naeaeee (no.435 A?aaeaeaineiai eiaeaena ?O).
I?eiyoea i?aaeeiaeaiey ae?oaie noi?iiie n/eoaaony aeoeaioii (niaeaneai).
Caeeth/aiea aeiaiai?a iiaeao i?ienoiaeeoue iooai iaiaia aeieoiaioaie
iin?aaenoaii ii/oiaie, oaeaa?aoiie, oaeaoaeiiie, oaeaoiiiie, yeaeo?iiiie
eee eiie nayce, iicaieythuae aeinoiaa?ii onoaiiaeoue, /oi aeieoiaio
enoiaeeo ec noi?iiu ii aeiaiai?o (no. 434 AE ?O).

Aeiaiai?iua ioiioaiey iiaoo auoue oaeaea onoaiiaeaiu iooai
i?aaenoaaeaiey iaeiie ec noi?ii i?iaeoa eiio?aeoa. Iieo/ea i?iaeo,
ae?oaay noi?iia ?anniao?eaaao aai e anee iao aic?aaeaiee, iiaeienuaaao.
Iaeei yecaiiey? eiio?aeoa aica?auaaony noi?iia, ninoaaeyaoae i?iaeo.

Ninoaaiuie /anoyie eiio?aeoa yaeythony:

-iacaaiea aeaea e caaieiaie aeieoiaioa (aeiaiai? eoiee-i?iaeaaee,
eiio?aeo ia iinoaaeo, eiio?aeo i oaoie/aneii niaeaenoaee);

-aeaoa, ianoi ninoaaeaiey, iiia?;

-iaeiaiiaaiey noi?ii (iieiua e nie?auaiiua iacaaiey oe?i);

-i?aaeiao eiio?aeoa;

-oneiaey e n?iee iinoaaee, ia?aaica, o?aiaiey, oiaeiaee, ia?ee?iaee,
?aeeaiu e ?aaeecaoeee;

-oneiaey e n?iee iieaou, iniaaiiinoe e ii?yaeie ?an/aoia;

-ii?yaeie naea/e-i?eaia auiieiaiiuo ?aaio;

-ioaaonoaaiiinoue noi?ii (a oii /enea naieoeee ca iaauiieiaiea i?eiyouo
iaycaoaeuenoa);

-aa?aioee, no?aoiaaiea e oi?n-iaaei?iua ianoiyoaeuenoaa;

-ia?aoiae i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe e ?enee;

-ii?yaeie ?ac?aoaiey nii?ia;

-th?eaee/aneea aae?ana noi?ii (n oeacaieai ii/oiauo aae?ania, aaieianeeo
?aeaeceoia, iiia?ia oaeaoiiia, oaenia);

-iiaeiene aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe (n oeacaieai aeieaeiinoae, ?anoeo?iaie
iiaeienae e aeao iiaeienaiey aeieoiaioia);

-ia/aoe oe?i-eiio?aaaioia.

Aieaa aunieie noaiaiueth neiaeiinoe ii n?aaiaieth ni naeaeeie
aioo?aiiaai oa?aeoa?a ioee/aaony aiaoiaoi?aiaue aeiaiai?. Aiaoiaoi?aiaue
eiio?aeo aeieaeai aieaa aeaoaeueii e no?iai oi?ioee?iaaoue oneiaey
aeiaiai?a. Eiio?aeo aiaoiaoi?aiaie eoiee-i?iaeaaee – yoi, eae i?aaeei,
iiiaino?aie/iue aeieoiaio. Ii iau/ii niaea?aeeo aaiaeioth /anoue,
?aeaeceou noi?ii (th?eaee/aneee aae?an e aaieianeea ?aeaeceou),
neaaeothuea iniiaiua oneiaey: i?aaeiao aeiaiai?a, oeaia, n?ie iinoaaee,
niinia oiaeiaee oiaa?a, oneiaey iieaou, i?eaiea ii ea/anoao e
eiee/anoao, aa?aioee ea/anoaa iinoaaeyaiiai oiaa?a, aaceniua oneiaey
iinoaaee eee i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe noi?ii, naieoeee ca i?in?i/eo iinoaaee,
naieoeee ca iaeniieiaiea aeiaiai?a, inaiaiaeaeaiea io ioaaonoaaiiinoe,
ii?yaeie anooieaiey a neeo, oeanney (onooiea) aeiaiai?a, ii?yaeie e
i?aaiaua iineaaenoaey ?anoi?aeaiey aeiaiai?a e o.ae.

Oaeno aiaoiaoi?aiaiai eiio?aeoa iaiaoiaeeii iniauaoue cia/eoaeueii aieaa
oe?ieei iaai?ii aa?aioee eniieiaiey oie eee eiie noi?iiie naieo
aeiaiai?iuo iaycaoaeuenoa, iaaeaee oaeno eiio?aeoa iaaeaeo oece/aneeie
eee th?eaee/aneeie eeoeaie iaeiie e oie aea ainoaea?noaaiiie
i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe (iai?eia?, caeia, caaeaoie, aaain, aaieianeay aa?aioey
e o.i.).

Iaeiaiiaaiey noi?ii a aeiaiai?a, no?aiu eo i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe, aeieaeiu
auoue oi/iuie, aac nie?auaiee. Iaaeiionoeii eniieueciaaoue ?acee/iiai
?iaea nie?auaiey e aaa?aaeaoo?u, anee oieueei yoi ia iauai?eciaiiua
iaeiaiiaaiey. I?e eaeaioeoeeaoeee aeiaiaa?eaathueony noi?ii oi/ii
oeacuaatho oe?iaiiua iaeiaiiaaiey, iiae eioi?uie ia?oia?u
ca?aaeno?e?iaaiu a oi?aiaii (ainoaea?noaaiiii) ?aano?a no?aiu
i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe; eo i?aaiaia iieiaeaiea (i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaay
oi?ia), aeeth/ay iiia? e oei eeoeaicee ia aeaiiue aeae aeayoaeueiinoe,
th?eaee/aneee e oaeoe/aneee aae?ana. Eiio?aeo iiaeao auoue i?iioia?iaai.
Aeiaiai? iiaeienuaaaony oiieiiii/aiiuie eeoeaie, eo iiaeiene, eae
i?aaeei, ne?aieythony ia/aoyie.

Aeiaiai?u, ninoaaeyaiua ia iniiaa a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa, eanathony ia
oieueei i?aaei?eyoee, o/?aaeaeaiee e i?aaiecaoeee, ii e aaieia (oae eae
ia nouanoaoao niaoeeaeueiiai aaieianeiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa).
Iniaaiiinoe ioi?ieaiey aaieianeeo aeiaiai?ia ii?aaeaeyao oi, /oi a
aeayoaeueiinoe aaiea aeaiueae naie aunooiatho eae oiaa?. Oae e ?aaioa
aaiea eiatho i?yiia ioiioaiea oaeea aeiaiai?u, eae aeiaiai?u aaieianeiai
n/aoa e aaieianeiai aeeaaea, e?aaeeoiue aeiaiai? e o.ae.

Auoaia?a/eneaiiua aeiaiai?u a naiae iniiaa oeaeueth eiatho ecaea/aiea
ii?aaeaeaiiie i?eauee. Iaeiaei nouanoaotho oaeea eiio?aeou, eiaioaiua
ioaee/iuie, eioi?ua ?aaeecotho iauea aeey anaai nioeeoia eioa?anu e ia
iaoneiaeeaatho ecaea/aiea i?eauee a ea/anoaa iniiau aeey naiae
aeayoaeueiinoe. E oaeei iaeiiia?/aneei aeiaiai?ai i?eiaaeeaaeao
ainoaea?noaaiiua aeiaiai?u. ?acoiaaony, ainoaea?noai iaania/eaaao iiiaea
nianoaaiiua iio?aaiinoe e iin?aaenoaii iau/iuo /anoiii?aaiauo aeiaiai?ia
iinoaaee e eoiee-i?iaeaaee, ia i?eaaaay e eiio?aeoai iniaiai i?aaiaiai
?aaeeia.

Ainoaea?noaaiiua eiio?aeou iaiaoiaeeiu a neo/ayo, eiaaea ?a/ue eaeao i
i?iaeoeoeee, i?aaeiacia/aiiie aeey ?aoaiey aeooaeueiuo caaea/
aeeciaiaania/aiey, iai?iiu e aaciianiinoe no?aiu, iinoaiiaee
iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae a ainoaea?noaaiiue ?aca?a, aeey ?aaeecaoeee
oaaea?aeueiuo e ?aaeiiaeueiuo oeaeaauo i?ia?aii, iaaeainoaea?noaaiiuo
oeaeaauo i?ia?aii, a eioi?uo o/anoaoao ?inneeneay Oaaea?aoeey e aa
noauaeou.

Aeiaiai?u yaeythony aeieoiaioaie, iiaeeaaeaueie ooaa?aeaeaieth
(iai?eia?, aeiaiai?u i i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaio, iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneiio
niaaaeaieth, a?aiaea iiiauaiee, i iinoaaeao, iiae?yaeao e o.i.), oaeaea
ia ieo noaaeony aa?aiaay ia/aoue.

Aeaenoaeoaeueii, /?acau/aeii aaaeii i?aaeeueiia ioi?ieaiea aeiaiai?ia
(eiio?aeoia). I?e ninoaaeaiee eiio?aeoia e eo caeeth/aiee neaaeoao
oaeaeyoue iniaia aieiaiea i?aaiaie a?aiioiinoe oaenoa, ecaaaaoue
aeaoniuneaiiuo oi?ioee?iaie, aeaoaeueii inaauaoue oneiaey aeiaiai?iuo
ioiioaiee, a oaeaea ouaoaeueii i?iaa?youe i?aaeeueiinoue iaienaiey
th?eaee/aneeo aae?ania i?aaei?eyoee-eiio?aaaioia. Aaaeue, eae aeaneo
noaouey 431 A?aaeaeaineiai Eiaeaena, i?e oieeiaaiee oneiaee aeiaiai?a
noaeii i?eieiaaony ai aieiaiea aoeaaeueiia cia/aiea niaea?aeaueony a iai
neia e au?aaeaiee.

Aeaaa 3

O?oaeiaua eiio?aeou e aeiaiai?u

Eiio?aeo – yoi iaeei ec aeieoiaioia, io?aaeathueo oneiaey o?oaeiauo
acaeiiioiioaiee nio?oaeieea n aaeieieno?aoeeae. Eiio?aeoiay oi?ia iieaou
o?oaea oe?iei i?eiaiyaony a oeeaeeeciaaiiuo no?aiao oaea ia iaeii
aeanyoeeaoea e aeaaea noieaoea. Aeey ainoaea?noa NIA, a /anoiinoe aeey
?innee, eiio?aeo – yaeaiea iiaia, aicieeoaa n ?acaeoeai ?uii/iuo
ioiioaiee. Eiio?aeoiay oi?ia iieaou o?oaea aua oieueei i?ieeaaeuaaao
naaa aei?iao a iaoai ia?iaeiii oicyenoaa, i?e/ai a iaainoaea?noaaiiuo
no?oeoo?ao (eiiia?aoeaao, oiaa?euanoaao, aeoeeiia?iuo i?aaei?eyoeyo e
o.i.) n aieueoei oniaoii, iaaeaee ia ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo.

Ii n?aaiaieth n aeaenoaothuae a iaoae yeiiiieea oa?eoiie nenoaiie iieaou
o?oaea (a e iia?aiaiiie e naeaeueiie oi?iao) eiio?aeoiay nenoaia eiaao
aeaa ianiiiaiiuo i?aeiouanoaa. Ai-ia?auo, o?oae ?aaioieeia iiaeii
iiea/eaaoue a cia/eoaeueii aieueoai ?acia?a, /ai yoi i?aaeienaii
ieeaaeaie, oa?eoiuie noaaeaie – ?anoeaieaie a ?aieao nouanoaothuae
nenoaiu iieaou e ?aaeeciaaoue ia i?aeoeea ?uii/iue i?eioeei : ca
oi?iooth ?aaioo – aieueoea aeaiueae, ca ieiooth ?aaioo – ieeaeeo aeaiaa.
Ai-aoi?uo, eiio?aeoiay nenoaia iicaieyao aeiaieueii eaaei ecaaaeoueny io
ia?aaeeaiai ?aaioieea iooai ?anoi?aeaiey eiio?aeoa, ia anooiay i?e yoii
a i?ioeai?a/ea n ECiO ?O e ia niaeaniauaay yoi oaieueiaiea n
i?ionithcii. Yoe i?aeiouanoaa aeaeatho eiio?aeoioth nenoaio /?acau/aeia
i?eaeaeaoaeueiie aeey oao i?aaei?eyoee, aaea aeaenoaeoaeueii aeaeatho
aeiaeoueny ?aceiai iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa.

Eiio?aeoiay oi?ia iieaou o?oaea – yoi aaeaiea a?aiaie, iia aeieaeia
iianaianoii i?eeoe ia niaio nouanoaothuae oa?eoiie nenoaia. A iaoae
no?aia eiio?aeoiay nenoaia auea ?aeiiaiaeiaaia e aaiaeo a 1991 a. a
ia?aoth i/a?aaeue aeey oiai, /oiau caoi?iiceoue ooa/eo
aunieieaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo oaeaioeeauo niaoeeaeenoia ca i?aaeaeu no?aiu.
Eiio?aeo (niaeaoaiea, aeiaiai?) n yoie eaoaai?eae ?aaioieeia aiciee eae
n?aaenoai onoaiiaeaiey aieaa aunieie ii n?aaiaieth n ii?aaeaeaiiie
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii iieaou o?oaea e nicaeaiey ae?oaeo, aieaa auaiaeiuo,
oneiaee ?aaiou a i?aaeaeao iaiai?aiiiai eiio?aeoii n?iea.

Eoae, en/acee oneiaey, eiaaea ainoaea?noai auei i?aeoe/anee e
iiiiiieueiui nianoaaiieeii, e ii/oe aaeeinoaaiiui ?aaioiaeaoaeai,
oeaio?aeeciaaiii onoaiaaeeaaaoei oneiaey o?oaea, ia inoaaaeinue ianoa
aeey aeiaiai?iiai iaoiaea ?aaoee?iaaiey o?oaeiauo ioiioaiee. Naaiaeiy
ainoaea?noai, eae i?aaeei, ii?aaeaeyao a noa?a o?oaeiauo ioiioaiee eeoue
i?eioeeiu eo ?aaoee?iaaiey e aa?aioee aeey ?aaioieeia. ?aaioiaeaoaeue
aea /a?ac eieeaeoeaiue e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue aeiaiai?u eiie?aoece?oao
oneiaey o?oaea. Ii iiaeao oeo/oeoue eo ii n?aaiaieth n aa?aioeyie,
onoaiiaeaiiuie a caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, ii ia iiaeao oooaeoeoue, eia/a
oaeea oneiaey aeiaiai?ia yaeythony iaaeaenoaeoaeueiuie (no.5 ECiO).

A naioya?a 1992a. a ECiO auee aianaiu eciaiaiey. Iaeii ec ieo
i?aeoe/anee ocaeiieei iiiyoea eiio?aeoa, i?eciaaay aai neiiieiii
o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a (ii anaio oaenoo eiaeaena ?yaeii ni neiaii
“o?oaeiaie aeiaiai?” a neiaeao auei iinoaaeaii neiai “eiio?aeo”).
Iaeiia?aiaiii oa?iei “eiio?aeo” noae neiiieiii e oa?ieia “n?i/iue
o?oaeiaie aeiaiai?”, e ia i?aeoeea ii/oe iianaianoii iiae eiio?aeoii
iiae?acoiaaaaony eiaiii n?i/iue o?oaeiaie aeiaiai?.

A niioaaonoaee ni noaoueae 15 ECiO ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee o?oaeiaie
aeiaiai? (eiio?aeo) anoue niaeaoaiea iaaeaeo o?oaeyueiny e
i?aaei?eyoeai, o/?aaeaeaieai, i?aaiecaoeeae, ii eioi?iio o?oaeyueeny
iaycoaony auiieiyoue ?aaioo ii ii?aaeaeaiiie niaoeeaeueiinoe,
eaaeeoeeaoeee eee aeieaeiinoe n iiae/eiaieai aioo?aiiaio o?oaeiaiio
?anii?yaeeo, a i?aaei?eyoea, o/?aaeaeaiea, i?aaiecaoeey iaycoaony
iaania/eaaoue oneiaey o?oaea, i?aaeoniio?aiiua caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii i
o?oaea, eieeaeoeaiui aeiaiai?ii e niaeaoaieai noi?ii.

Ii?yaeie caeeth/aiey o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a (eiio?aeoa) ii?aaeaeai
noaoueae 18 ECiO ?O. O?oaeiaie aeiaiai? caeeth/aaony a ienueiaiiie
oi?ia. Caienue i ia?eiaea ?aaiou ii o?oaeiaiio aeiaiai?o aiineony
?aaioiaeaoaeai a o?oaeiaoth eieaeeo.

Aeey onoaiiaeaiey o?oaeiauo ioiioaiee ia eiaao cia/aiey
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaay oi?ia i?aaiecaoeee : a ethaie ec ieo i?e
caeeth/aiee aeiaiai?a aeaenoaotho ana i?aaeea, onoaiiaeaiiua o?oaeiaui
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii.

Oaeaea ioi?ieaiea o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a n o/aoii niaoeeoeee i?aaiecaoeee
iiaeii i?ineaaeeoue ia i?eia?a I?eia?iiai o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a
(eiio?aeoa) n ?aaioieeii aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa. Ana iniiaiua iieiaeaiey
yoiai aeieoiaioa iiaoo i?eiaiyoueny e a i?aaiecaoeeyo n ae?oaeie
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiauie oi?iaie.

A ea/anoaa noi?iiu o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a n ?aaioieeii aunooiaao
aeoeeiia?iia iauanoai. Io eiaie aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa o?oaeiaie
aeiaiai? n ?aaioieeii caeeth/aao aaia?aeueiue aee?aeoi?. I?aai
caeeth/aiey o?oaeiauo aeiaiai?ia io eiaie AI n ?aaioieeaie iainiaeaiiuo
iiae?acaeaeaiee AI (i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoa e oeeeaeia) aaia?aeueiue
aee?aeoi? iiaeao aeaeaae?iaaoue ?oeiaiaeeoaeyi yoeo iiae?acaeaeaiee. Nai
o?oaeiaie aeiaiai? ninoieo ec ianeieueeeo ?acaeaeia.

Ia?aue ?acaeae, ii?aaeaeyaiue eae “Iauea o?aaiaaiey”, i?aaeoniio?ai
no.15 ECiO. Caeanue oeacuaaaony iaeiaiiaaiea i?ioannee e aeieaeiinoe
?aaioieea, no?oeoo?iia iiae?acaeaeaiea. A yoii ?acaeaea ii?aaeaeyaony e
n?ie aeaenoaey aeiaiai?a. A niioaaonoaee ni no.17 ECiO ?O o?oaeiaie
aeiaiai? n ?aaioieeii iiaeao caeeth/aoueny ia iaii?aaeaeaiiue n?ie, ia
n?ie ia aieaa 5 eao, a oaeaea ia a?aiy auiieiaiey ii?aaeaeaiiie ?aaiou.
N?i/iue aeiaiai? iiaeao auoue caeeth/ai oieueei a oao neo/ayo, eiaaea
o?oaeiaua ioiioaiey ia iiaoo auoue onoaiiaeaiu ia iaii?aaeaeaiiue n?ie n
o/aoii oa?aeoa?a i?aaenoiyuae ?aaiou, oneiaee aa auiieiaiey, eioa?ania
?aaioieea, a oaeaea a neo/ayo, iaiin?aaenoaaiii i?aaeoniio?aiiuo
caeiiii. Iineieueeo noaeaaiay i?aeoeea enoiaeeo ec iaaeiionoeiinoe
caeeth/aiey n?i/iuo o?oaeiauo aeiaiai?ia aeey auiieiaiey ?aaiou, iinyuae
iinoiyiiuo oa?aeoa?, a o?oaeiaii aeiaiai?a iaiaoiaeeii oeacaoue i?e/eio,
ii eioi?ie ia?aie/eaaaony n?ie aai aeaenoaey.

Aoi?ie e o?aoee ?acaeaeu o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a n ?aaioieeii AI iinayuaiu
ii?aaeaeaieth i?aa e iaycaiiinoae ?aaioieea e aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa n
o/aoii niaoeeoeee e caaea/ AI. A /aoaa?oii ?acaeaea eiio?aeoa ooi/iyaony
iieaoa o?oaea e nioeeaeueii-auoiaia iaania/aiea ?aaioieea. A
niioaaonoaee ni no.80 ECiO ?O oeacuaathony aeae, nenoaiu iieaou o?oaea,
?acia?u oa?eoiuo noaaie, ieeaaeia, i?aiee, e o.ae. Iyoue ?acaeae
eiaioaony “Eiua oneiaey o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a” e inaauaao oaeea aii?inu,
eae i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue ioionea, ?aaeei e i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue
?aai/aai a?aiaie. Caeanue aea ?anniao?eaaaony ioaaonoaaiiinoue ?aaioieea
(iaoa?eaeueiay ioaaonoaaiiinoue iiaeao auoue aeaoo aeaeia: ia?aie/aiiay
e iieiay).

I?e caeeth/aiee o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a ia iiaoo onoaiaaeeaaoueny ii
niaeaniaaieth noi?ii o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a neaaeothuea oneiaey: iniiaaiey
oaieueiaiey, onoaiiaeaiea ia i?aaeoniio?aiiuo caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii
aeenoeeieeia?iuo acuneaiee, aaaaeaiea aeey ?aaioieeia iieiie
iaoa?eaeueiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe, e?iia neo/aaa, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo a no.121
ECiO ?O.

Eiio?aeo ninoaaeyaony n aeaoo yecaiiey?ao, iiaeienuaaaony ?oeiaiaeeoaeai
e ?aaioieeii, caaa?yaony ia/aoueth. Iaeei yecaiiey? eiio?aeoa o?aieony
ia i?aaei?eyoee, aoi?ie- o ?aaioieea. Caeeth/aiea o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a
n/eoaaony oaeoe/aneei aeiiouaieai e ?aaioa, iacaaeneii io oiai, aue ee
i?eai ia ?aaioo iaaeeaaeauei ia?acii ioi?ieai (no.18 ECiO ?O).

O?oaeiaie aeiaiai? iiaeao caeeth/aoueny ia oieueei n ?aaioieeii
i?aaei?eyoey, o/?aaeaeaiey, i?aaiecaoeee, ii e n ?oeiaiaeeoaeai.

I?e naaiaeiyoiai iiiaiia?acee oi?i nianoaaiiinoe ?oeiaiaeeoaeue
i?aaei?eyoey ia?anoaao auoue aaeeinoaaiiui ?aaeueiui oicyeiii ia
i?aaei?eyoee. Ii noaiiaeony, eae i?aaeei, iaueiiaaiiui iaaiiui
?aaioieeii, eioi?ue i?eaeaoaaony ia ?oeiaiaeyuoth ?aaioo a ea/anoaa
iaiaaeaea?a (oi?aaeythuaai) aeey yooaeoeaiie ?aaeecaoeee oi?aaeai/aneeo
ooieoeee ii oeacaieth nianoaaiieea.

Aeayoaeueiinoue ?oeiaiaeeoaey i?aaei?eyoey eiaao aiieia ii?aaeaeaiioth
niaoeeoeeo, eioi?ay iiaeao e aeieaeia auoue ii?aaeaeaia a niaoeeaeueiii
aeiaiai?a. Oaeei niaoeeaeueiui aeiaiai?ii e yaeyaony eiio?aeo. Eiio?aeo
n ?oeiaiaeeoaeai i?aaei?eyoey a naiae iniiaa noiaeai n aeiaiai?ii n
?aaioieeii i?aaei?eyoey, ii a oi aea a?aiy e eiaao naith niaoeeoeeo.

A eiio?aeoa neaaeoao io?aaeaoue neaaeothuea iiiaiou: n?ie aai aeaenoaey;
i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe noi?ii; oneiaey iieaou o?oaea e auieaou
aiciaa?aaeaeaiee; iniiaaiey i?ae?auaiey e ?anoi?aeaiey eiio?aeoa;
nioeeaeueii-auoiaua e ae?oaea oneiaey, iaiaoiaeeiua aeey auiieiaiey
i?eiyouo noi?iiaie iaycaoaeuenoa n o/aoii niaoeeoeee i?iecaiaenoaa,
io?aneaauo iniaaiiinoae e oeiainiauo aiciiaeiinoae i?aaei?eyoey.

A eiio?aeoa oeacuaathony iaycaoaeueiua oneiaey (ianoi ?aaiou; o?oaeiaua
ooieoeee; aeaoa ia/aea e ieii/aiey ?aaiou; iaycaiiinoe ?aaioiaeaoaey ii
iaania/aieth oneiaee o?oaea, aai iieaou, io?aiu o?oaea e ae?.) e
aeiiieieoaeueiua, eiie?aoece?othuea iaycaoaeuenoaa noi?ii e
onoaiaaeeaaaiua a aeiaiai?iii ii?yaeea (eniuoaoaeueiue n?ie,
ia?aiiaeaioiaea, ?aaoey?iia iiauoaiea eaaeeoeeaoeee). A eiio?aeoa
ii?aaeaeythony ?aaeei ?aai/aai a?aiaie e a?aiaie ioaeuoa ?oeiaiaeeoaey
(aeeth/ay i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue aaeaaiaeiiai ioionea, ii?yaeie aai
i?aaeinoaaeaiey, aiciiaeiinoue a neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe eiiiainaoeee ca
ia?a?aaioeo).

A oi aea a?aiy a eiio?aeoa ?oeiaiaeeoaey iiaoo onoaiaaeeaaoueny
aeiiieieoaeueiua ii n?aaiaieth n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii iniiaaiey
oaieueiaiey (ia ia?ooathuea o?aaiaaiey no.5 ECiO). Nenoaia
iaoa?eaeueiiai iiiu?aiey ?oeiaiaeeoaey aeieaeia auoue i?eaioe?iaaia ia
aeinoeaeaiea aeieaia?aiaiiuo ?acoeueoaoia oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe,
onoaiiaeaiea i?yiie caaeneiinoe iaaeaeo ?acia?aie o?oaea e iieacaoaeyie,
oa?aeoa?ece?othueie auiieiaiea iaycaoaeuenoa ii eiio?aeoo. I?e
caeeth/aiee eiio?aeoa noi?iiu iiaoo i?aaeoniao?eaaoue aeiiieieoaeueiua
eueaiou, ia onoaiiaeaiiua aeaenoaothuei caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii, ca n/ao
oic?an/aoiiai aeioiaea i?aaei?eyoey, iai?eia?, auieaoo aeiiieieoaeueiiai
aiciaa?aaeaeaiey, ieacaiey iaoa?eaeueiie iiiiue e aaeaaiaeiiio ioioneo e
o.i.

A o?oaeiaii caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa iiieii iiiyoey “o?oaeiaie aeiaiai?”
nouanoaoao oa?iei “eieeaeoeaiue aeiaiai?”. Yoio aeae aeiaiai?a
?aaoee?oao ia oieueei o?oaeiaua, ii e nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea e
i?ioanneiiaeueiua ioiioaiey iaaeaeo ?aaioiaeaoaeai e ?aaioieeaie ia
i?aaei?eyoee, a o/?aaeaeaiee, i?aaiecaoeee. Ii?yaeie ?ac?aaioee e
caeeth/aiey eieeaeoeaiiai aeiaiai?a ?aaoee?oaony Caeiiii ?O “I
eieeaeoeaiuo aeiaiai?ao e niaeaoaieyo”.

A eieeaeoeaiue aeiaiai? iiaoo aeeth/aoueny acaeiiua iaycaoaeuenoaa
?aaioiaeaoaey e ?aaioieeia ii neaaeothuei aii?inai: iieaoa o?oaea;
caiyoinoue; i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue ?aai/aai a?aiaie e ioaeuoa;
iaaeeoeeineia e nioeeaeueiia no?aoiaaiea; eueaiou aeey ?aaioieeia,
niaiauathueo ?aaioo n iao/aieai; ioaaonoaaiiinoue noi?ii; ioeac io
caaanoiaie ii ii?aaeaeaiiui oneiaeyi. Iiaoo auoue aeeth/aiu e ae?oaea
oneiaey eieeaeoeaiiai aeiaiai?a.

O?oaeiaie aeiaiai? a ianoiyuaa a?aiy iieo/aao ana aieueoaa
?ani?ino?aiaiea, ana aieueoaa /enei ?aaioieeia iieuecoaony eiaiii yoei
niiniaii caeeth/aiey o?oaeiauo ioiioaiee. Yoi ii?aaeaeyao ana
iiauoathueany o?aaiaaiey e ioi?ieaieth aeiaiai?ia, oae eae io
i?aaeeueiinoe ioi?ieaiey caaeneo iieiaeaiea ?aaioieea a i?aaiecaoeee,
aai i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe, /oi yaeyaony iieacaoaeai i?iaeoeoeaiinoe aai
?aaiou, ea/anoaa auiieiaiey aai iaiin?aaenoaaiiuo iaycaiiinoae.

Caeeth/aiea

Ianoiyuee eiio?aeo – yoi naiaai ?iaea i?iecaaaeaiea eneonnoaa.
Ninoaaeaiea aai o?aaoao ia oieueei ciaiey caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, i?aeoeee,
ii e oai?/aneeo niiniaiinoae, iaaueia oi/ii e e?aoei oi?ioee?iaaoue
oneiaey aeiaiai?a, oiaiey auaeaeyoue a aeeciaiiie neooaoeee th?eaee/anee
cia/eiua iiiaiou.

Eneonnoai ninoaaeaiey eiio?aeoa – yoi oiaiea oae oi?ioee?iaaoue aai
noaouee, /oiau au iieo/aee ia?aae naiei eiio?aaaioii na?ueaciua e a oi
aea a?aiy iacaiaoiua aeey iaai i?aeiouanoaa; yoi niiniaiinoue a neo/aa,
anee aan auioaeaeatho iieoe ia onooieo a eaeie eeai noaouea aai , iaeiie
eee ianeieueeeie o?acaie ae?oaie noaouee naanoe aeaiioth onooieo ia iao;
yoi oiaiea oae noi?ioee?iaaoue oneiaey aeiaiai?a, /oiau ia?oia? ai
/oiau oi ie noaei no?aieeny aai eniieieoue.

I?aaeeueii ninoaaeaiiue eiio?aeo – yoi iaaeaaeiay aa?aioey io i?aaiauo
eiioeeeoia e iaoa?eaeueiuo oauoeia. Aianoa n oai i?e ii?aaeaeaiiuo
oneiaeyo – yoi oaeoi?, niiniaiue i?eianoe i?aaei?eyoeth ii?aaeaeaiiue
aeioiae, iaania/eoue /aoeinoue e neaaeaiiinoue acaeiiaeaenoaey noi?ii.

. Nienie enoi/ieeia e eeoa?aoo?u

Enoi/ieee.

A?aiaiiua ?aeiiaiaeaoeee i ii?yaeea i?eiaiaiey eiio?aeoiie oi?iu
caeeth/aiey o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a n ?oeiaiaeeoaeai i?aaei?eyoey // Caeii.
– 1995, ?10, n.86-89.

A?aaeaeaineee eiaeaen ?O /anoue (. Oaaea?aeueiue caeii io 30.11.94
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I., 1995.

Aaeeiay ainoaea?noaaiiay nenoaia aeieoiaioaoeeiiiiai iaania/aiey
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aeieoiaioaoeeiiiiai iaania/aiey. – I., 1988.

Caeii ?O “I eieeaeoeaiuo aeiaiai?ao e niaeaoaieyo” // I?aai e yeiiiieea-
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Eiaeaen caeiiia i o?oaea ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee (n eciaiaieyie e
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I?eia?iua o?oaeiaua aeiaiai?u (eiio?aeou) // *aeiaae e o?oae. – 1996,
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I?eia?iay oi?ia o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a (eiio?aeoa) n ?aaioieeii // Caeii.
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?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii caeeth/aieth o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a (eiio?aeoa) //
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?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii caeeth/aieth o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a (eiio?aeoa) a
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Oeiiaie eiio?aeo n ?oeiaiaeeoaeai oaaea?aeueiiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai
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O?oaeiaie aeiaiai? (eiio?aeo n ?oeiaiaeeoaeai) // Yeiiiieea e o/ao
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Eeoa?aoo?a

A?aaeineee I.E. Oicyenoaaiiue aeiaiai?. Eaeei aio auoue? – I., 1990.

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Aiaoiayeiiiie/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaei?eyoey. Iniiau : O/aaiee aeey
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Aeaiei A. Ainoaea?noaaiiua eiio?aeou // Oicyenoai e i?aai. – 1997,
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Ee?naiiaa I.A., Aenaiia TH.I. Aeieoiaioaoeeiiiia iaania/aiea oi?aaeaiey.
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Eiceiaa I.A. O/?aaeeoaeueiue aeiaiai? i nicaeaiee eiiia?/aneeo iauanoa e
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Eociaoeiaa O.A., Einaa A.E. Oi?aaeai/aneay aeieoiaioaoeey. – I., 1985.

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Nai?iee ia?acoeia a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiauo aeieoiaioia: O/aaiia e
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Noaitheia I.A. Aeieoiaiou. Aeaeii?iecaiaenoai. – I., 1997.

Oiineiia A.A. Aiaoiaoi?aiaua naeaeee: i?aeoe/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii
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O?oaeiaie aeiaiai? ; iainee // Io?aia o?oaea e nioeeaeueiia no?aoiaaiea-
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Oiineiia A.A. Aiaoiaoi?aiaua naeaeee. I., 1994, n.6.

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AANAeIO. I., 1988, n.78.

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Ee?naiiaa I.A., Aenaiia TH.I. Aeieoiaioaoeeiiiia iaania/aiea
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ECiO ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee – I., 1992

ECiO ?O.- I., 1992.

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?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii caeeth/aieth o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a// Yeiiiieea e o/ao
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Eo?aiiie A. Eiio?aeo n ?oeiaiaeeoaeai i?aaei?eyoey // Caeii- 1995, ?10,
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