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1. AAAAeAIEA.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue, i?eaioe?iaaiiue ia ?acoeueoao, aeaenoaoao ia ia iniiaa
naieo i?aaeiieiaeaiee e neooia. Ii ia n/eoaao naay i?e?iaeaeaiiui
ciaoieii /aeiaa/aneeo aeoo e niiaa e niiaa eco/aao oaeoi?u iiaaaeaiey
ethaeae, aanueia iiiaiieaiiaiai e ai iiiaeo neo/ayo iaiauynieiiai.
?oeiaiaeeoaeue, i?eaioe?iaaiiue ia ?acoeueoao, niciaoaeueii iniiauaaao
naith aeayoaeueiinoue ii oi?aaeaieth eiaeeaeaeaie e a?oiiaie ia
i?iaeoiaiiii i?aaenoaaeaiee i /aeiaaea, eioi?ia ii no?aieony iinoiyiii
?acaeaaoue. Yooaeoeaiue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue ianao ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca oi?ioea
?acoeueoaou aeayoaeueiinoe ia oieueei a ianoiyuai, ii e ia aoaeouaa.
Yoi /anoue aai oi?aaeai/aneie ?aaiou. Aai caaea/ae yaeyaony oaeia
?acaeoea iiae/eiaiiuo, /oiau iie iiaee eo/oa, /ai ?aiueoa, ni?aaeyoueny
n oaeoueie caaea/aie e i?aaeoaaaeuaaoue iio?aaiinoue ?acaeoey ia
aoaeouaa. Yoi naiui na?ueaciui ia?acii ioiineony e e naiiio
?oeiaiaeeoaeth. Ionoaaoee a naiai ?acaeoee, ia eiathuee iioeaaoeee
ia/aeueiee ia niiaeao aianoe ioaeiue aeeaae a ?aaioo o?oaeiaiai
eieeaeoeaa. Yooaeoeaiiio ?oeiaiaeeoaeth neaaeoao acyoue ia naay
aeaaioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca naia ?acaeoea eae ee/iinoe e ?oeiaiaeeoaey.
Nia?aiaiiue o?oaeiaie eieeaeoea ieaaeao iaiaoiaeeioth iiaeaea?aeeo
yoiio aeoeaiiio no?aieaieth e ?acaeoeth, enoiaeyuaio iaiin?aaenoaaiii io
ia/aeueieea.

– 4 –

2. INIIAIUA CIAIEss, EIOI?UA AeATHO

OAI?EE IIOEAAOeEE E ?AAIOA

E ENNEAAeIAAIEss IIOEAAOeEE.

Oai?ee iioeaaoeee e ?aaioa iiaeii ?acaeaeeoue ia

aeaa a?oiiu:

– oai?ee niaea?aeaiey;

– oai?ee i?ioeanna.

Ia?aua aeaeatho oii? ia enneaaeiaaiee e iauyniaiee oiai, /oi iioeae?oao
e eaeiau iioeau ii?aaeaeaiiiai iiaaaeaiey. Aoi?ua ?acuyniytho oio
i?ioeann, eioi?ue aeaao i?iaeaeaeaiea i?ienoiaeyuaio aioo?e /aeiaaea
i?ioeanno iioeaaoeee. *oiau aeaenoaeoaeueii iiaeii auei iiiyoue
iioeaaoeeth eae yaeaiea, ioaeiu iaa iiiyoey, a oaeaea ia?niiaeueiue
iiaeoiae e ?anniio?aieth.

1) Aeaoooaeoi?iay oai?ey iioeaaoeee Aa?oeaa?aa.

Yoa oai?ey auea nicaeaia Aa?oeaa?aii ia iniiaa aeaiiuo eioa?aueth,
acyouo ia ?acee/iuo ?aai/eo ianoao, a ?aciuo i?ioanneiiaeueiuo a?oiiao e
a ?aciuo no?aiao. Eioa?auethe?oaiuo i?ineee iienaoue neooaoeee, a
eioi?uo iie /oanoaiaaee iieiia oaeiaeaoai?aiea eee, iaiai?io,
iaoaeiaeaoai?aiea io ?aaiou.

Ioaaou auee eeanneoeoee?iaaiu ii a?oiiai. Eco/ay nia?aiiue iaoa?eae,
Aa?oeaa?a i?eoae e auaiaeo, /oi oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue e
iaoaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue ?aaioie aucuaathony ?acee/iuie oaeoi?aie.

Ia oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue ?aaioie aeeytho:

– aeinoeaeaiey (eaaeeoeeaoeey) e i?eciaiea oniaoa,

– ?aaioa eae oaeiaay (eioa?an e ?aaioa e caaeaieth),

– ioaaonoaaiiinoue,

– i?iaeaeaeaiea ii neoaeaa,

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– aiciiaeiinoue i?ioanneiiaeueiiai ?inoa.

Yoe oaeoi?u ii iacaae “iioeaaoi?aie”.

Ia iaoaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue ?aaioie aeeytho:

– niinia oi?aaeaiey,

– iieeoeea i?aaiecaoeee e aaeieieno?aoeey,

– oneiaey o?oaea,

– iaaeee/iinoiua ioiioaiey ia ?aai/ai ianoa,

– ca?aaioie,

– iaoaa?aiiinoue a noaaeeueiinoe ?aaiou,

– aeeyiea ?aaiou ia ee/ioth aeeciue.

Yoe aiaoiea oaeoi?u iieo/eee iacaaiea “oaeoi?ia eiioaenoa”, eee
“aeaeaie/aneeo” oaeoi?ia.

Iioeaaoi?u, aucuaathuea oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue ?aaioie, naycuaaeenue n
niaea?aeaieai ?aaiou e aucuaaeenue aioo?aiieie iio?aaiinoyie ee/iinoe a
naiiau?aaeaiee. Oaeoi?u, aucuaathuea iaoaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue ?aaioie,
naycuaaeenue n iaaeinoaoeaie ?aaiou e aiaoieie oneiaeyie. N yoeie
oaeoi?aie eaaei naycaoue iai?eyoiua iuouaiey, eioi?uo iaiaoiaeeii
ecaaaaoue.

Ii iiaieth Aa?oeaa?aa, oaeoi?u, aucuaathuea oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue ?aaioie,
ia yaeythony i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoueth a iaeiii e oii aea ecia?aiee.
Eaaeaeue ec ieo iaoiaeeony eae au a nianoaaiiie oeaea ecia?aiee, aaea
iaeei aeaenoaoao a aeeaiaciia io ieiona aei ioey, a aoi?ie – io ioey aei
iethna. Anee oaeoi?u eiioaenoa nicaeatho ieiooth neooaoeeth, oi
?aaioieee eniuouaatho iaoaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue, ii e a eo/oai neo/aa yoe
oaeoi?u ia i?eaiaeyo e aieueoie oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoe ?aaioie, a aeatho
nei?aa iaeo?aeueiia ioiioaiea.

Oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue ?aaioie aucuaatho oieueei iioeaaoeeiiiua oaeoi?u,
iieiaeeoaeueiia ?acaeoea ei-

oi?uo iiaeao iiauneoue iioeaaoeeth e oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue io
iaeo?aeueiiai ninoiyiey aei “iethna”.

– 6 –

2) Ea?a?oey iio?aaiinoae ( Ianeio ).

Iiaaaeaiea ee/iinoe iau/ii iai?aaeyaony aai iaeaieaa neeueiie a aeaiiue
iiiaio iio?aaiinoueth. Yoi canoaaeyao ian aeaenoaiaaoue oaeei ia?acii,
/oiau oaeiaeaoai?eoue iio?aaiinoue.

Iio?aaiinoe iiaeii a?oiie?iaaoue ii-?aciiio. Iyoenooiai/aooth
ea?a?oe/aneoth iiaeaeue nicaeae Aa?aoai Ianeio e o?aonooiai/aooth –
Aeaea?oa?.

Eeanneoeeaoeey Ianeio i?aaenoaaeyao iai neaaeothuea iio?aaiinoe:

– oeceieiae/aneea ( aeaaeaea, aieiae, nii, naenoaeueiua ),

– iio?aaiinoue a aaciianiinoe,

– nioeeaeueiua iio?aaiinoe (ethaiaue, i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue e
ii?aaeaeaiiie nioeeaeueiie a?oiia),

– iio?aaiinoue a oaaaeaiee (naiioaaaeaiea, oniao, noaoon),

– iio?aaiinoue a naiiau?aaeaiee.

Ianeio ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi iaeaieaa neeueiay iio?aaiinoue ii?aaeaeyao
iiaaaeaiea aei oao ii?, iiea iia ia oaeiaeaoai?aia. Oaeiaeaoai?aiiay
iio?aaiinoue aieueoa ia ii?aaeaeyao iiaaaeaiea, oi anoue ia aeaenoaoao
eae oaeoi? iioeaaoeee.

Iio?aaiinoe oaeiaeaoai?ythony a ii?aaeaeaiiii ii?yaeea. Oeceieiae/aneea
iio?aaiinoe e iio?aaiinoue a aaciianiinoe – yoi ia?ae/iua iio?aaiinoe,
eioi?ua aeieaeiu auoue oaeiaeaoai?aiu i?aaeaea, /ai iio?aaiinoe aieaa
aunieiai o?iaiy niiaoo ii?aaeaeyoue iiaaaeaiea. Iai?eia?, oneeaiea
/oanoaa aieiaea noaaeo iio?aaiinoue a ieua ia oeaio?aeueiia ianoi a
iiaaaeaiee /aeiaaea, ioi-

aeaeaay a noi?iio ae?oaea (iai?eia?, oaeiaeaoai?ythuea iio?aaiinoe a
nianoaaiiii ?acaeoee). Ii iiaieth Ian

– 7 –

eio, anee nouanoaotho aeaa iaeeiaeiai neeueiua iio?aaiinoe, oi
aeiieie?oao iio?aaiinoue aieaa ieceiai o?iaiy.

Oaeei ia?acii, oneiaey e neooaoeey ni naiae noi?iiu ii?aaeaeytho, eaeea
iio?aaiinoe aoaeoo aeiieie?iaaoue. Iio?aaiinoe, naycaiiua n oaaaeaieai
ee/iinoe e a yoii niunea yaeythony eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuie. Neaaeiaaoaeueii,
a iaeiie e oie aea neooaoeee o ?aciuo ethaeae iiaoo nouanoaiaaoue ?aciua
iio?aaiinoe, a eciaiaiea neooaoeee aea/ao ca niaie eciaiaiea
iio?aaiinoae iaeiiai /aeiaaea.

?aaioa eae oaeiaay iiaeao aeaoue aiciiaeiinoue aeey oaeiaeaoai?aiey
iio?aaiinoae. A oii neo/aa /anoi ?a/ue eaeao i iio?aaiinoyo aieaa
aunieiai o?iaiy, naycaiiuo n oaaaeaieai e naiiau?aaeaieai. N ae?oaie
noi?iiu, ?aaioa iiaeao auoue niiniaii ecuneeaaoue aiciiaeiinoe aeey
oaeiaeaoai?aiey oaeeo iio?aaiinoae aia ?aaiou, e oiaaea aeiieie?otho
iio?aaiinoe aieaa aunieiai o?iaiy, naycaiiua n oneiaeyie e oaeoi?aie
aaciianiinoe.

3) Oai?ey iaeeaeaiee ( A?oi, Ii?oa?, Eioea? e ae?. ).

Iioeae?iaaiiay aeayoaeueiinoue yaeyaony oeaeaiai?aaeaiiie. Oeaeue
iau/ii naycaia n i?yiui eee einaaiiui oaeiaeaoai?aieai eaeie-eeai
iio?aaiinoe.

Neea iai?aaeaiiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe ia aeinoeaeaiea oeaee caaeneo
/anoe/ii io oiai, a eaeie ia?a ee/iinoue /oanoaoao naay
aiciaa?aaeaeaiiie ca aeinoeaeaiea oeaee.

Neea no?aieaiey e iieo/aieth aiciaa?aaeaeaiey eee ae?oaie oeaee
(ae?oaeie neiaaie, eniieieoaeueiay iioeaaoeey) caaeneo io

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– oeaiiinoe aiciaa?aaeaeaiey ( aeaeaoaeueiinoe ) e

– aai aeinoeaeeiinoe ( ?aaeueiinoe iieo/aiey aiciaa?a-

aeaeaiey, “oeaiiinoe iaeeaeaiee” ).

Oi, /oi /aeiaae oeaieo, caaeneo io aai iio?aaiinoae. *oiau /aeiaae aue
iioeae?iaai ia ii?aaeaeaiioth aeayoaeueiinoue, ioaeii aai aeinoeaeaiey a
yoie aeayoaeueiinoe aiciaa?aaeaeaoue oai, /oi ii oeaieo, e
aiciaa?aaeaeaiea aeieaeii auoue naycaii n aeinoeaeaieai oeaee oae, /oiau
/aeiaae yoi caiaoee.

N ae?oaie noi?iiu, eaaeaeue ciaao, /oi ia anaaaea aeaaea ianoie/eaua
oneeey aa?aioe?otho aeinoeaeaiea oeaee. Ia iniiaa ?aiaa iieo/aiiiai
iiuoa oi?ie?oaony i?aaenoaaeaiea ( iaeeaeaiea ) i oii, ianeieueei
?aaeueiie yaeyaony aiciiaeiinoue aeinoeaeaiey oeaee. A yoii neo/aa
acaaoeaathony oaeaea ana aiciiaeiinoe e i?aiyonoaey, aicieeathuea
aneaaenoaea ie?oaeaiey e neooaoeee aeaiiiai iiiaioa.

Anee iaeeaeaiey auniee, neea iiaoaeeoaeueiiai iioeaa aic?anoaao. ?aiaa
iieo/aiiue oniaoiue iiuo oaeaea iiaee?aieyao iaeeaeaiea oiai, /oi
niioaaonoaothuee ?acoeueoao iia au auoue iieo/ai. Oaeei ia?acii, oniao
oneeeaaao iioeaaoeeth.

Anee aea iaeeaeaiey ia inouanoaeythony, i?aiyonoaey e aeinoeaeaieth
oeaee ii?iaeaeatho iuouaiea ouaoiinoe oneeee. *ai aieueoa aeey /aeiaaea
aaaeiinoue (oeaiiinoue) iaaeinoeaiooie oeaee, oai aieueoa iuouaiea
ouaoiinoe. A neaaeothuee ?ac, iiaeao auoue, aoaeao iaiiiai nieaeai e
o?iaaiue oeaee e, anee oeaeue ia inouanoaeony ianeieueei ?ac, nieceony
ioeaiea ?aaeueiinoe aa aeinoeaeaiey e iioeaaoeey oiaiueoeony. “Noieo ee
iuoaoueny…” Iuouaiea ouaoiinoe nieaeaao iioeaaoeeth, a ieceay
iioeaaoeey oiaiueoaao eniieieoaeueneee aeeaae, in

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eiaeiyao aeinoeaeaiea oeaee e aucuaaao aua aieueoaa iuouaiea ouaoiinoe.
E?oa caiueaaony.

Io iuouaiey ouaoiinoe iiaeao ecaaaeoue iinoaiiaea ?aaeueiuo oeaeae,
i?eaeeaeaiea iaeeaeaiee e ?aaeueiinoe e aiciaa?aaeaeaiea io aeinoeaeaiey
oeaee oai niiniaii, eioi?ue oeaieo nai ?aaioiee.

4) Neooaoeeiiiua, ee/iinoiua

e ae?oaea oaeoi?u, aeeythuea ia iioeaaoeeth.

Niinia oi?aaeaiey e i?aaiecaoeeiiiue eeeiao yaeythony oaeoi?aie,
aeeythueie ia iioeaaoeeth a ?aieao i?aaei?eyoey. Yoi oae iacuaaaiua
iin?aaeie/aneea ia?aiaiiua, oi anoue eo aeeyiea eeai ii?iaeaeaao
iioeaaoeeth, eeai i?aiyonoaoao ae. Ae?oaeie oaeeie neooaoeeiiiuie
oaeoi?aie yaeythony iaaeee/iinoiua ioiioaiey ia ?aai/ai ianoa, aeaaeaiea
ia ?aaioa a aeaiiue iiiaio, eniieueciaaaoeeny i?iecaiaenoaaiiue iaoiae,
a oaeaea nouanoaothuea ia i?aaei?eyoee eoeueoo?a e a?oiiiaua ii?iu.

A oai?ee Aa?oeaa?aa yoe iiiaiou ioiinyony e aeaeaie/aneei oaeoi?ai, oi
anoue niinia ?aoaiey oaeeo aii?inia eeai aucaae iaoaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue,
eeai naeaeae neooaoeeth iaeo?aeueiie, ii ia nicaeae iioeaaoeeth. A
oai?eyo iaeeaeaiee oaeea oaeoi?u neooaoeee e aiaoiae n?aaeu yaeythony
oaie ia?aiaiiuie, eioi?ua ii?aaeaeytho ioeaieo aeaeaoaeueiinoe oeaee e
aiciiaeiinoe aa aeinoeaeaiey. E i?eia?o, eniieueciaaaoeeny
i?iecaiaenoaaiiue iaoiae oaea ia?aie/eaaao iiaeaea?aeaiea
oaeiaeaoai?aiey iio?aaiinoe a naiiau?aaeaiee eae neeueiie oeaee. N
ae?oaie noi?iiu, iiaaaeaiea ?oeiaiaeeoaey e niinia oi?aaeaiey a
cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie ii?aaeaeytho iioeaaoeeth e aeinoeaeaiey aai
iiae/eiaiiuo. Ia iniiaa aeayoaeueiinoe ?oeiaiaee

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oaey iiae/eiaiiua aeaeatho auaiaeu i oii, eaeea aeinoeaeaiey
aiciaa?aaeaeathony, a eaeea – iao e /oi neaaeoao ec eaaeaeiai niiniaa
aeayoaeueiinoe.

Neooaoeeiiiua oaeoi?u ca/anooth i?aiyonoaotho ?aaioieeo a auiieiaiee
caaeaiey aeaeaaiui niiniaii (iai?eia?, ionoonoaea eino?oiaioa?ey), e
oaeei ia?acii iiyaeythony i?aiyonoaey ia iooe e aeinoeaeaieth oeaee.
Iai?eia?, ec iaoiaeia oi?aaeaiey ?oeiaiaeeoaey eee i?iaiaeeiie ia
i?aaei?eyoee eaae?iaie iieeoeee aeaeaaony auaiae i oii, /oi aeinoeaeaiea
oeaee ie a eiai neo/aa ia iiaea/ao ca niaie aeaeaaiiai aiciaa?aaeaeaiey.
I?aiyonoaey, aeaeeiua ia iooe e aeinoeaeaieth oeaee, nicaeatho iuouaiea
ouaoiinoe e nieaeatho iioeaaoeeth.

Iaeiei ec i?aiyonoaee iiaeao auoue oaeaea iaaeinoaoi/iinoue nianoaaiiuo
niiniaiinoae ii ioiioaieth e aeaiiiio caaeaieth. Ii yoie i?e/eia
eniieiaiea iaoaea/ii, e a neaaeothuee ?ac iioeaaoeey i?e oaeii caaeaiee
aoaeao aua ieaea. Oniao i?e eniieiaiee caaeaiey, iai?ioea, noeioee?oao
iioeaaoeeth a niioaaonoaothuae ?aaioa. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, ea/anoai
caaeaiee, aeaaaaiuo ?aaioieeo, a niioiioaiee n aai niiniaiinoyie e
ianoa?noaii oaeaea aeeyao ia iioeaaoeeth.

N ae?oaie noi?iiu, ee/iinoue ?aaioieea ieacuaaao aeeyiea a oao neo/ayo,
eiaaea aeaeiu i?e/eiu oniaoa e iaoaea/. Iaaeiioeaieaathuee naay /aeiaae
ia?aiineo ia naay aeaaea iaeaiueeee oi?ae eee iaoaea/o, a ae?oaie euao
i?e/eio aia naay – ca/anooth o iaai aeiiaaou ia/aeueieee, ?oeiaiaenoai
eee oneiaey o?oaea.

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, “y”, eee i?aaenoaaeaiea i naiii naaa, – yoi oaeay
ee/iinoiay /a?oa, eioi?ay aeeyao ia iiuoiinoue ?aaioieea, oi?ie?oaiua ia
yoie iniiaa iaeeaeaiey e, oaeei ia?acii, ia iioeaaoeeth a ?aaioa.
Ae?oaeie iiaeiaiuie oaeoi?aie, naycaiiuie n /aeiaaeii,

– 11 –

yaeythony ee/iinoue, niiniaiinoe e oiaiea, oeaiiinoe e iio?aaiinoe
?aaioieea, a oaeaea iaeeaeaiey, noi?ie?iaaiiua ia iniiaa aai aieaa
?aiiaai aeeciaiiiai iiuoa. Ii noiia yoeo oaeoi?ia eiai-oi aieueoa
iioeae?otho aioo?aiiea iio?aaiinoe a naiiau?aaeaiee e oaaaeaiee, oi
anoue iio?aaiinoe aieaa aunieiai o?iaiy, a eiai-oi – iio?aaiinoe,
eaeouea ecaia e iai?aaeaiiua ia ecaaaeaiea iai?eyoiuo ia?aaeeaaiee e
oneiaee e ia iieo/aiea ?acee/iuo aiciaa?aaeaeaiee, oaeiaeaoai?ythueo
iio?aaiinoe aieaa ieceiai o?iaiy.

5) Iio?aaiinoe a aeinoeaeaiee, i?eniaaeeiaiee

e aeanoe eae oaeoi? iiaaaeaiey ia ?aaioa.

N oi/ee c?aiey oi?aaeaiey ii ?acoeueoaoai iniiaiuie yaeythony o?e oeia
iioeaaoeee:

– Iio?aaiinoue a aeinoeaeaiee oeaee

?aaioiee, eiathuee cia/eoaeueioth iio?aaiinoue a aeinoeaeaiee oeaee,
noaaeo naaa aunieea, ii ?aaeueiua oeaee. Aeey iaai aaaeiu oi?ioea
aeinoeaeaiey.

– Iio?aaiinoue a i?eniaaeeiaiee

?aaioiee, eniuouaathuee iio?aaiinoue a i?eniaaeeiaiee, oeaieo
/aeiaa/aneea ioiioaiey e ae?oaeao e iiaeaea?aeeaaao eo. Oaeie /aeiaae
iiaeao auoue aanueia yooaeoeaai i?e auiieiaiee caaeaiee, o?aaothueo
a?oiiiaie ?aaiou.

– Iio?aaiinoue ai aeanoe

?aaioiee, eiathuee iio?aaiinoue ai aeanoe, oi/ao iaeaaeaoue
aiciiaeiinoueth aeeyoue ia ae?oaeo e iiyoiio euao oaeea caaeaiey e
aeieaeiinoe, aaea o iaai aue au niioaaonoaothuee noaoon, aeathuee
aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaoue aeanoue e aaoi?eoao.

– 12 –

*oiau eniieueciaaoue naie ?ano?nu yooaeoeaii, i?aaei?eyoey aeieaeiu
eneaoue aeey auiieiaiey eaaeaeiai caaeaiey oaeiai /aeiaaea, /uey
iniiaiay iioeaaoeey niioaaonoaoao iniaaiiinoyi caaeaiey. Anee ?aaioiee,
eiathuee iio?aaiinoue a aeinoeaeaiee oeaee, iia au oniaoii ni?aaeoueny n
aanueia neiaeiui caaeaieai, ca auiieiaiea eioi?iai ii iaeei ian au
ioaaonoaaiiinoue, oi, iieo/ea caaeaiea, aaaeiia, ii n aieueoie
noaiaiueth ?ooeiiinoe e ?acaeaeaieai ioaaonoaaiiinoe ia iiiaeo
?aaioieeia, ii, i/aaeaeii, yoi caaeaiea ia auiieieo. I?aaaea,
iioeaaoeey ia anaaaea nio?aiyaony a iaeciaiiii aeaea. Ia iaa ieacuaatho
cia/eoaeueiia aeeyiea eae neooaoeey, oae e ?aai/ay ianoaiiaea a
i?aaiecaoeee.

Eeoaeiia auaeaeee aeaa oeia iioeaaoeee. Iaeei oei i?iyaeyaony o
?oeiaiaeeoaeae, iaoiaeyueony ia oaeeo aeieaeiinoyo, eioi?ua o?aaotho
ona?aeey e i?aaei?eei/eainoe, ae?oaie – i?e aeieaeiinoyo, o?aaothueo
eii?aeeiaoeee e eioaa?aoeee.

Iaeeeaeaiae caieiaeny eco/aieai iioeaaoeee aecianiaiia e i?eoae e
auaiaeo, /oi aeey ?aaioieeia, eiathueo iio?aaiinoue a aeinoeaeaiee
oeaee, oeie/iui yaeyaony neaaeothuaa:

ei i?aayony neooaoeee, a eioi?uo aiciiaeii acyoue ia naay
ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca iaoiaeaeaiea ?aoaiey i?iaeaiu. Eo ia eioa?anotho
neooaoeee, a eioi?uo iiaeii aeiaeaaoueny oniaoa aeaaiaea?y neo/aeiinoyi,
iie oioyo naie aeeyoue ia eiia/iue ?acoeueoao;

iaeiaei iie ia oioyo eaeoe ia neeoeii aieueoie ?ene, a noaayo naaa
oia?aiiua oeaee, aaea ?ene i?in/eoai e i?aaeneacoai;

eiathuea iio?aaiinoue a aeinoeaeaiee oeaee oioyo eiie?aoiie ia?aoiie
nayce, ianeieueei oi?ioi iie

ni?aaeythony n caaeaieai. Iiaeao auoue, iiyoiio

– 13 –

eiathuea iio?aaiinoue a aeinoeaeaiee oeaee aaeeeieaiii /oanoaotho naay a
aeaeiaie aeecie, iineieueeo iia iinoiyiii nicaeaao neooaoeee, aaea
oeaieony oniao. Iaeeeaeaiae ioia/aao, /oi aeey eiathueo iio?aaiinoue a
aeinoeaeaiee oeaee i?aaei?eieiaoaeae aeaiueae naie iinaaa ?aaeei cia/ao
i/aiue iiiaia. Iaeiaei iie aaaeiu eae iieacaoaeue oniaoa.

N oi/ee c?aiey nio?aiaiey iioeaaoeee aaaeii ciaoue ?acoeueoaou
enneaaeiaaiey Yaeaa?a Oaeia,eioi?ua iieacuaatho iaee/ea a iioeaaoeee e
?aaioa 5 – 7 -eaoieo io?aceia a?aiaie. Anee niaea?aeaiea ?aaiou ia
iaiyaony iieiinoueth eee cia/eoaeueii, oi iioeaaoeey yaii nieaeaaony
/a?ac 5 eao.

3. OAEOI?U, AEEssTHUEA IA OAeIAEAOAI?AIIINOUe ?AAIOIE E
IIOEAAOeETH.

Oeaee nianoaaiiiai ?acaeoey – oaaaeeoueny a oii, /oi ?oeiaiaeeoaee anao
caaiueaa eiatho ea/anoaa, iaiaoiaeeiua a i?eaioe?iaaiiii ia ?acoeueoao
o?oaeiaii eieeaeoeaa, e iioeaaoeeth aeey aeayoaeueiinoe a ea/anoaa
yooaeoeaiiai ?oeiaiaeeoaey. Iacia/aiea neacaiiiai – iniaaiii
iiae/a?eiooue cia/aiea iioeaaoeee yooaeoeaiiai ?oeiaiaeeoaey. AEaeaiea
?oeiaiaeeoue ioaeii nio?aieoue oai eee eiui niiniaii a oa/aiea ?yaea
eao, iiea ou caieiaaoue ?oeiaiaeyuea aeieaeiinoe. I?aeoe/aneea ia?u ii
nianoaaiiiio ?acaeoeth eae ?oeiaiaeeoaey a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie oaycaiu
n yoaiii neoaeaaiie ea?uea?u aeaiiiai /aeiaaea. Ioia/aii eae oaeo, /oi
/aeiaae a oa/aiea naiae o?oaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe i?ioiaeeo ?acee/iua
yoaiu. Ii iiiaei i?e/eiai e?eoe/aneee yoai i?eoiaeeony ia na?aaeeio
ea?uea?u.

– 14 –

A Ianna/onaoneii oaoiieiae/aneii einoeoooa inouanoaeai aeiaieueii
iaoe?iue enneaaeiaaoaeueneee i?iaeo, naycaiiue n ieaie?iaaieai
neoaeaaiie ea?uea?u. Yoa ?aaioa auea ia/aoa a nayce n oaeei
iaaethaeaieai: /anoue eiaeaia?ia iioa?yea eioa?an e oaoieea e aianoi
yoiai oaeaeeanue i?iaeaiaie /aeiaa/aneiai iiaaaeaiey. Aoi?ay a?oiia
eiaeaia?ia iieiinoueth iioa?yea iioeaaoeeth e ?aaioa e ia?aoeea naith
aeoeaiinoue ia naiueth e oaea/aiey. Oaeei ia?acii, /enei eiaeaia?ia,
eioa?aniaaaoeony oaoieeie, iinoiyiii nie?auaeinue.

Enneaaeiaaieai auei ioaa/aii nauoa 3 ouny/ /aeiaae, ?aaioaaoeo ia
?aciuo o?iaiyo e a ?aciuo aeieaeiinoyo. Ia iniiaa enneaaeiaaiey auei
auaeaeaii iyoue naiuo aaaeiuo oaeoi?ia, aeeythueo ia
oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue ?aaioie e iioeaaoeeth, a eiaiii:

1. Iiiaiia?acea i?aaeuyaeyaiuo ?aaioie o?aaiaaiee e ianoa?noao
(naiiau?aaeaiea). Ia i?aeoeea ?a/ue eaeao i oii, ianeieueei ethaee
iiaoo eniieueciaaoue ia ?aaioa naie neeueiua ea/anoaa, i niioaaonoaee
o?aaiaaiee, i?aaeuyaeyaiuo ?aaioie, e o?iaiy naiaai ianoa?noaa.

2. ssniinoue niaea?aeaiey caaea/e e ia?aaeaaaaiia ath /oanoai
ioiaeaeanoaeaiey n ?aaioie (?aaioa eae iia anoue). Anee ia?aia ianoi
iiaeii n/eoaoue no?oeoo?iui oaeoi?ii, oi ioiaeaeanoaeaiea
i?aaenoaaeyaony aeoeaece?othuei oaeoi?ii.

3. I?aaenoaaeaiea i cia/aiee caaea/e aeey i?aaiecaoeee
(oeaiiinoue, noaoon). Nianoaaiiia iuouaiea aaaeiinoe ?aaiou e
i?aaeiieiaeaiea i oii, eae ae?oaea i?aaenoaaeytho naaa oaith ?aaioo,
ia?acotho a niaieoiiinoe oeaio?aeueiue oaeoi? iioeaaoeee.

4. Ia?aoiay naycue. Iieiaeeoaeueiia eee io?eoeaoaeueiia
iiaee?aieaiea, iieo/aiiia io ia/aeueieea, eieeaa ii ?aaioa eee
iiae/eiaiiuo e naycaiiia n oniaoiinoueth

– 15 –

?aaiou, oaaee/eaaao oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue ?aaioie. Iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue,
/oi iiaiea i ?aaioa ae?oaeo naii ii naaa oaaee/eaaao iioeaaoeeth, a
oi a?aiy eae “ ie/aai – ia – aiai?aiea ” nieaeaao /oanoai
oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoe.

5. Naiiaeayoaeueiinoue. Aiciiaeiinoue ?aaioaoue
naiinoiyoaeueii, naaeaine?iaaiiinoue aeanoe e ioaaonoaaiiinoe yaeyaony
iyoui oaeoi?ii, aeeythuei ia oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue ?aaioie. Oi aea naiia
iiaeii au?aceoue e ae?oaeie neiaaie: naiiaeenoeeieeia – yoi oeaia
naiaiaeu. Iau/ii ethaee aioiau caieaoeoue yoo oeaio.

Aeaiiua oaeoi?u iioeae?otho ii-?aciiio ia ?aciuo noaaeeyo i?aauaaiey a
iaeiie e oie aea aeieaeiinoe. ?aoathuei iiiaioii yaeyaony
aeeeoaeueiinoue auiieiaiey /aeiaaeii iaeiie e oie aea, ia
iaiythuaeny ii niaea?aeaieth ?aaiou.

Ai a?aiy ia?aiai aiaea ?aaiou a ii?aaeaeaiiie aeieaeiinoe (aoaeue oi
ia?aia eee oanoia ianoi ?aaiou) i?aaenoaaeaiea i cia/aiee caaea/e e
iaee/ea ia?aoiie nayce yaeythony iioeaaoi?aie. Naiinoiyoaeueiinoue ia
eioa?anoao. A eioa?aaea iaaeaeo aoi?ui e iyoui aiaeii
naiinoiyoaeueiinoue yaeyaony aaaeiaeoei oaeoi?ii iioeaaoeee. Iaee/ea
ia?aoiie nayce i?aaenoaaeyao eioa?an a oa/aiea ia?auo eao. ?aaioiee
iaoiaeeony “ a ?anoeaaoa nee” iinea aeaoo-o?ao eao ?aaiou ia
iaeiii ianoa.

Iinea iyoe eao ?aaiou ia iaeiii e oii aea ianoa ie iaeei oaeoi?
ia iaania/eaaao oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoe ?aaioie e, eae neaaenoaea yoiai,
aeinoeaeaiey a ?aaioa nouanoaaiii nieaeathony. Aianoi oaeoi?ia
iioeaaoeee, naycaiiuo n ?aaioie, iioeaaoeey ?iaeaeaaony ec
yaienoe/aneeo iioeaaoi?ia, eae-oi: iooaoanoaey, i?aaenoaaeoaeueneea
ia?ii?eyoey, oiaae a ?aai/aa a?aiy.

– 16 –

Aaaeiaeoeie oaeoi?aie aeey iiaeaea?aeaiey iioeaaoeee yaeythony
neaaeothuea:

1. Nenoaiaoe/aneay i?iaa?ea n?iea ?aaiou ia?niiaea ia iaeiie
aeieaeiinoe e oi?aaeyaiia ai?eciioaeueiia ia?aiauaiea ii neoaeaa n
eioa?aaeii i?eia?ii a iyoue eao. Ai?eciioaeueiua iiaeaeaeee ioaeii
naeaeaoue i?anoeaeiuie. Oaeaea iaiaoiaeeii iaeia?eoue e naeaeaoue
i?anoeaeiui ia?aiauaiea aiec a neoaeaaiie ea?a?oee ia eaeeo-oi yoaiao
neoaeaaiie ea?uea?u.

2. Iaiaauaiea niaea?aeaiey ?aaiou e ?anoe?aiea aa ?aiie (ieacuaatho
aeeyiea aei 5-eaoiaai n?iea).

3. Aeoeaiia no?oeoo?iia ieaie?iaaiea i?aaiecaoeee e i?eiaiaiea aeaeeo
i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo oi?i (i?iaeoiay, iao?e/iay i?aaiecaoeey).

4. Nenoaiaoe/aneia ?acaeoea i?aaiecaoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe, oeaiiinoue
iao/aiey e oai?/aneiai iiaeoiaea.

5. ?aaeecaoeey iiauo oi?i acaeiiaeaenoaey, iai?eia?, aanaaeu
ia/aeueieea e iiae/eiaiiiai eae ninoaaiay /anoue yooaeoeaiiai
oi?aaeaiey, i?iecaiaenoaaiiay aeaiie?aoey.

4. I?IAEAIAOEEA NA?AAeEIU

NEOAEAAIIE EA?UeA?U.

O iiiaeo ethaeae a aic?anoa io 35 aei 50 eao a eaeie-oi iiiaio
ianooiaao yoai “a?iaeaiey“, eiaaea iioeaaoeey ?acei iaaeaao.
Iiyaeyaony cia/eoaeueiia /enei i?iaeai, ei?ie eioi?uo e?ithony
aeiaieueii aeoaiei.

A na?aaeeia neoaeaaiie ea?uea?u /aeiaae iniciaao, /oi nia?oai.
Iaeiia?aiaiii ii aeaeeo ia?aie/aiiinoue e

– 17 –

iinoiyiiia noaeaiea nianoaaiiuo aiciiaeiinoae. O iiiaeo ia ia?aue ieai
aiiaue aunooiatho i?ioeai?a/ey e

/oanoaa, i?enouea iieiaeinoe. Ooiae au?inoeo aeaoae ec aeiia, eiioeeeou
eee yiioeeiiaeueiua i?e/eiu eciaiytho a n?aaeiai aic?anoa ioiioaiea e
aeaoyi e aeaia eee ioaeo. Ii yoei i?e/eiai a na?aaeeia neoaeaaiie
ea?uea?u nieaeaaony iioeaaoeey e ?aaioa e oaaee/eaaaony /enei i?iaeai ia
?aaioa e aeiia. Aeey eo ?acuyniaiey eaaeaeue aeieaeai ?aoeoue
neaaeothuea aii?inu:

1. Oceay/oe?ieay niaoeeaeecaoeey ii neoaeaa.

2. Iaoiaeaeaiea naiaai ianoa a i?aaiecaoeee e iiciaiea nianoaaiiuo
neeueiuo noi?ii.

3. Auyniaiea a?aieoeu iaaeaeo ia/oie e aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth.

4. Iaeia?aiea iaycaiiinoae, naycaiiuo n ?oeiaiaenoaii ae?oaeie.

5. Aeinoeaeaiea aeaenoaeoaeueiiai ?aaiiaaney a iaycaoaeuenoaao ii
ioiioaieth e ?aaioa, naiuea, oiaae, nianoaaiiiio ?acaeoeth.

6. Nio?aiaiea iieiaeeoaeueiiai no?aieaiey e ?acaeoeth.

Anee /aeiaae iiaeao n ioe?uouie aeacaie ?aoeoue yoe 6 aii?inia e
iniaeeony aeaenoaiaaoue ia iniiaa naiaai ?aoaiey, ii iiaeao nio?aieoue
aeaenoaeoaeueiia ?aaiiaanea e iioeaaoeeth.

Ia iniiaa ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiee iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi
oai?/aneee iiaeoiae e iioeaaoeey /aeiaaea eieaaethony eae a eioa?aaea
iyoe eao, oae e a niioaaonoaee n yoaiaie neoaeaaiie ea?uea?u. Aeey
iaania/aiey yooaeoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe e ee/iinoe, e i?aaiecaoeee
iaiaoiaeeii iiciaoue yoe eieaaaiey, iaeoe ioaaou ia aii?inu e ooi/ieoue
ia?ii?eyoey ii ?acaeoeth.

– 18 –

Ia iniiaa i?eaaaeaiiuo ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiee iiaeii oaaaeeoueny a
oii, ianeieueei aaaeiie aeey ?oeiaiaeeoaey ya

eyaony caaioa i nianoaaiiii iinoiyiiii ?acaeoee a na?aaeeia neoaeaaiie
ea?uea?u. Iaiaoiaeeiua ia?ii?eyoey ca/anooth iinyo nianai eiie
oa?aeoa?, /ai a ia/aea o?oaeiaie aeecie. ?oeiaiaeeoaeth ioaeii
ii?aaeaeyoue iio?aaiinoue ?acaeoey nianoaaiiie iioeaaoeee a caaeneiinoe
io yoaia neoaeaaiie ea?uea?u. Iaaei auoue /anoiui n naiei niaie, /oiau
aia?aiy i?enooieoue e inouanoaeaieth aeaenoaeoaeueii aaaeiuo ia?ii?eyoee
n oeaeueth eciaiaiey nianoaaiiie iioeaaoeee. A naiai o?oaeiaii
eieeaeoeaa ioaeii ii nianoaaiiie eieoeeaoeaa auynieoue aeey naay, eaeea
ia?niaeoeau n oi/ee c?aiey ea?uea-

?u e ?acaeoey i?aaeeaaaao i?aaiecaoeey. Iiae/eiaiiue eiaao i?aai ia
iiaeaea?aeeo ni noi?iiu ia/aeueieea a yoii neo/aa. Oeaeueth yaeyaony
?acaeoea iioeaaoeee ?oeiaiaeeoaey, i?eaioe?iaaiiiai ia ?acoeueoao, ia
iniiaa iio?aaiinoae e neoaeaaiie ea?uea?u. A yoii neo/aa auyniytho,
eaeei ia?acii ioaeii oeo/oeoue aai iioeaaoeeth, /oiau ii niia aieaa
yooaeoeaii auiieiyoue naith ?aaioo, e i?iaiice?otho eciaiaiey a
niaea?aeaiee oi?aaeai/aneie ?aaiou a aeeaeaeoea aiaeu e o?aaiaaieyo,
i?aaeuyaeyaiuo e iioeaaoeee.

5. ?ACAEOEA N IIIIUUeTH E?ECENIA.

I?aaiecaoeey ?acaeaaaony e /a?ac i?aiaeieaiea i?iaeaiiuo neooaoeee.
?acaeaaaony oio o?oaeiaie eieeaeoea, eioi?ue aia?aiy i?eciaao a?yaeouea
i?iaeaiu e e?ecenu, ioiineony e iei ioe?uoi, iano?iai ano?aoeoue eo e
?aoeoue, a oaeaea ecaeaeaao ec ieo o?iee. A

– 19 –

naith i/a?aaeue oa i?aaiecaoeey, eioi?ay ne?uaaao i?iaeaiu,
i?aoiaiueoaao o?oaeiinoe, ia oi/ao n ieie ano?a/aoueny, a oieueei
iauyniyao eo aeaenoaeai aiaoieo oae-

oi?ia, iaecaaaeii noieeiaony n o?oaeiinoyie. Iu ia iniaeeaaainy aia?aiy
oeene?iaaoue oa neaiaeu o?aaiae, eioi?ua i?enoonoaotho a iaoai
iaiin?aaenoaaiiii ie?oaeaiee. Iu aeaai aiciiaeiinoue niauoeyi caeoe
neeoeii aeaeaei, i?aaeaea /ai ia/eiaai aeaenoaiaaoue. Iu aeaeai, /oi
ian nianao /oaei. Iau/ii oae ia neo/aaony, iineieueeo yooaeoeaiia e
?acoeueoaoeaiia oi?aaeaiea ia no?ieony ia /oaeanao.

Neacaiiia auoa ioiineony e e eaaeaeiio ec ian, ?aaioathuaio a o?oaeiaii
eieeaeoeaa. Iu oiaea ?acaeaaainy eee eiaai aiciiaeiinoue ?acaeaaoueny
/a?ac e?ecenu e o?oaeiinoe. Ia?aua na?ueaciua o?oaeiinoe a iieiaeinoe
aini?eieiathony eae ian/anoeeaay neo/aeiinoue, eioi?ay aieueoa ia
iiaoi?eony. Iicaea e a n?aaeiai aic?anoa iu caia/aai, /oi iaoa aeeciue
ninoieo eae ec aaeeeieaiiuo oniaoia e oaea/, oae e ec o?oaeiinoae,
e?ecenia e i?iaeai. *ai ?aiueoa iu iiciaai yoi, oai eo/oa aoaeoo iaoe
aiciiaeiinoe i?eaioiaeoueny ca?aiaa e ni?aaeoueny n ieie.

Eaaeaeiio – e oiio, eoi oieueei anooiee a o?oaeiaoth aeeciue, e oiio,
eoi ?aaioaao oaea aeieai, oioy au 10 eao, – ioaeii iniciaiii e aia?aiy
caaioeoueny i nianoaaiiie iioeaaoeee e ?aaioa e aeecie, iineieueeo a
oa/aiea neaaeothueo 10 – 20 eao nouanoaaiiua e?eceniua yoaiu aoaeoo
/a?aaeiaaoueny n oniaoiuie ia?eiaeaie. Iaiaoiaeeii no?aieoueny e iiaiio
oai?/anoao, iuouaieth niauoee, eioi?ua iaiieiytho niaea?aeaieai iaoo
aeeciue ia ?aaioa. Aaaeue ?aaioa caieiaao cia/eoaeueioth /anoue iaoaai
a?aiaie, iiyoiio noieo naeaeaoue aa iaeneiaeueii aiaaoie ii naiaio
niaea?aeaieth.

– 20 –

6. IA?II?EssOEss II IAANIA*AIETH

NIANOAAIIIE IIOEAAOeEE

E AEECIE E ?AAIOA.

Ia iiiaaeaoue ia anaiauaa aaee/uea eieani, iineieueeo aaa a iai
ieeiaaea ia eii/aaony. Ia aeoiaoue, /oi i?e auiieiaiee e oie e yoie
?aaiou e aeinoeaeaiee oie e yoie oeaee, anoue naiaiaeiia a?aiy aeey
naay. Ia i?aeoeea oae ia auaaao, iai?ioea, ii ia?a ?inoa iiuoiinoe
?aaiou aoaeao ana i?eaaaeyoueny. Acyoue a naie ?oee eniieueciaaiea
nianoaaiiiai a?aiaie, iaeoe a yoii aii?ina i?aaeeueiue iiaeoiae e
i?iyaeoue ianoie/eainoue. Yoi aiciiaeii naeaeaoue oieueei naiiio.

Noa?aoueny ?aca?ae?iaaoue naaa aeinoaoi/ii a?aiaie aeey aeinoeaeaiey
eeth/aauo eiia/iuo oeaeae. Ia ioaeii

iuoaoueny aeaeaoue ana, ia ioaeii aeaeaoue naioth niaoioth ?aaioo, a
oieueei naioth aaaeioth n oi/ee c?aiey eiia/iuo oeaeae.

Iiaeaea?aeeaaoue iaeaieaa aaaeiua n oi/ee c?aiey naycaiiuo n ?aaioie
eeth/aauo ?acoeueoaoia i?aaiecaoeeiiiua e /aeiaa/aneea eiioaeou.
Caieiaoueny oai, /oi aeaenoaeoaeueii i?eaeaeaao, /oi iaiaauaao aeeciue,
e, iiieii oiai, iiaeaea?aeeaaoue oa eiioaeou, eioi?ua eiatho cia/aiea n
oi/ee c?aiey eiia/iuo oeaeae. Ia niaeaoaoueny ec aaaeeeainoe eee ii
ae?oaeaa ia ana, i /ai oi?ioi iii?inyo.

Naiuey – yoi aeaaiay aaeeieoea iauanoaa. Iaeuecy oi?iieoueny i?e
iauaiee n /eaiaie naiuee. Iaiaoiaeeii iiiyoue yoi oaea aia/aea
o?oaeiaie aeecie, a ia a n?aaeiai aic?anoa, eiaaea ca/anooth yoi oaea
neeoeii iicaeii. Iu iieo/aai cia/eoaeueioth /anoue iioeaaoeee e aeecie
io naiuee, niioaaonoaaiii, niiaeai ioaeaoue aieueoa a ?aaioa.

– 21 –

Ioaeii eiaoue ae?ocae eae ia ?aaioa, oae e aia aa. Caaiou o?aaoao ia
oieueei iaoeia, ii e ae?oaeaneea ioiioaiey, e iie ai?acaei aaaeiaa.
*aeiaa/aneea acaeiiioiioaiey ioaeii iaa?aaaoue, iineieueeo aaoiiaoe/anee
iie ia nio?aiythony. Oi?ioea /aeiaa/aneea acaeiiioiioaiey aianoo iiiaia
a niaea?aeaiea e iioeae?iaaiiinoue aeecie. Anaaaea iaeaeaony a?aiy aeey
ae?ocae, anee i?aaeeueii ioeaieoue cia/aiea ae?oaeaneeo ioiioaiee.

Ioaeii aia?aiy caiyoue /aoeoth, iaaeoiaiioth iiceoeeth ii aeaaiui
aeeciaiiui i?iaeaiai e oeaiiinoyi. Iiiaea ec ian oieueei a n?aaeiai
aic?anoa inoaiaaeeaathony, /oiau auynieoue, /oi aea iu aeaenoaeoaeueii
oeaiei e /aai oioei io aeecie. Eaeiai iaoa ioiioaiea e ?aeeaee,
iieeoeea? Eaeia cia/aiea eiaao iaoa ioiioaiea e aeaaiui aii?inai iaoae
aeeciaiiie iiceoeee?

Iaeioi?ua i?aeoe/aneea aiciiaeiinoe iaania/aiey nianoaaiiie iioeaaoeee e
?aaioa:

Ioaeii iicaaioeoueny i oii, /oiau auoue oi?ioi ioaeioioaoei, aiae?ui e
aeayoaeueiui.

Ioiineoueny iieiaeeoaeueii e ?aaioa e aeecie. I?aaieciaaoue ia ?aai/ai
ianoa e?oaeie “ethae iiiaaeaeueiee”, iineieueeo iiiaaeaeueiee – yoi
i/aiue oyaeaeue aeaiue iaaeaee.

N iiiiuueth oi?ioeo oaea/aiee iiaeii naeaeaoue nianoaaiioth iioeaaoeeth
aieaa iiiainoi?iiiae e iiaeaea?aeeaaoue aeooaaioth aiae?inoue. Aeoeaii
?acaeaaoue naay, oe?aieyy e eniieuecoy naie neeueiua noi?iiu e eni?aaeyy
naie iaaeinoaoee, n eioi?uie aeaenoaeoaeueii ioaeii /oi-oi aeaeaoue.
Iicaaioeoueny i oii, /oiau aue ee/iue ieai ?acaeoey ia aiae e ia 2 – 3
aiaea.

Naeaeaoue aieaa i?eyoiui naia ie?oaeaiea ia ?aaioa.

– 22 –

Iicaaioeoueny i oii, /oiau ia aeaeaoue iaeio e oo aea, iiaoi?ythuothny
?aaioo neeoeii aeieai. Iinoa?aoueny, /oiau ?aaioa nouanoaaiii iaiyeanue
n eioa?aaeii a 5-7 eao. Yoi aiciiaeii, anee caiyoue a yoii aii?ina
i?aaeeueioth iiceoeeth.

Ii?aaeaeeoue aeey naay ia aeeaeaeoea aiaeu ia iniiaa nianoaaiiuo
iio?aaiinoae ?acee/iua aeueoa?iaoeaiua aa?eaiou i?iaeaeaeaiey ii neoaeaa
eae a naiai o?oaeiaii eieeaeoeaa, oae e aia aai. Ii?aaeaeeoue
ia?ii?eyoey, n iiiiuueth eioi?uo inouanoaeaiea aeueoa?iaoeaiiai aa?eaioa
ea?uea?u aoaeao iaeaieaa aa?iyoiui, e ninoaaeoue a?aiaiiie ieai
inouanoaeaiey ia?ii?eyoee. Anee yoi aiciiaeii, ianoaeeoue aii?in n
ia/aeueieeii e eieeaaaie. Iaeiaei aeaaioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca ?acaeoea
ea?uea?u a oeaeyo nio?aiaiey iioeaaoeee e ?aaioa ioaeii ianoe naiiio.

Auoue ioe?iaaiiui n eieeaaaie e inouanoaeyoue aaciaiai?i/ioth,
iaiin?aaenoaaiioth ia?aoioth naycue ii eo o?oaeiaui aeinoeaeaieyi e
ioiioaieth e Aai. O?aai

aaoue io ieo anoanoaaiiie, aeinoaoi/ii ea/anoaaiiie ia?aoiie nayce a
oeaeyo ?acaeoey nianoaaiiie ?aaiou e iioeaaoeee. Ia caiueaoueny a naaa,
eaeoe e ae?oaei.

Aiciaa?aaeaeaoue naay ca oi?ioea aeinoeaeaiey a ?aaioa e o?aaiaaoue
aiciaa?aaeaeaiey ni noi?iiu o?oaeiaiai eieeaeoeaa. Aiciaa?aaeaeaiea ia
anaaaea aeieaeii au?aaeaoueny a aeaiueaao. Cia/eoaeueiui iioeae?othuei
aiciaa?aaeaeaieai iiaeao auoue aiciiaeiinoue naiinoiyoaeueii
?ani?aaeaeyoue a?aiy, niciaoaeueii ecaaaaoue no?anniauo neooaoeee,
/aoeay eioi?ie?iaaiiinoue i aiciiaeiinoyo oniaoa.

– 23 –

7. CAAIOA I CAeI?IAUeA NIO?OAeIEEIA

EAE IAeIA EC OI?I II?AEUeIIAI

NOEIOEE?IAAIEss.

Anaie?iay i?aaiecaoeey cae?aaiio?aiaiey (AIC) oaea a iioaeeeiaaiiii a
1946 a. ii?aaeaeaiee caei?iauey oanii oaycaea oece/aneia e ineoe/aneia
ninoiyiea /aeiaaea. Niaeanii ii?aaeaeaieth AIC, caei?iauea – yoi
ninoiyiea oi?ioaai oece/aneiai, ineoe/aneiai e nioeeaeueiiai
naii/oanoaey, oi anoue caei?iauea – yoi ia oieueei ionoonoaea ai

eacie eee o?aaiu. O?aaiiaaoaiiay e c?aeay ee/iinoue no?iaony ia yoeo
o?ao iniiaiuo yeaiaioao. Ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca nicaeaiea oi?ioaai
naii/oanoaey eaaeeo a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue ia naiii /aeiaaea.
Oeaeaiai?aaeaiiay caaioa i caei?iauea io?aaeaao niiniaiinoue e aeaeaiea
ee/iinoe ioaa/aoue ca naay.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue aeieaeai caaioeoueny i oii, /oiau ia iiaeaa?aaoue
iianiinoe caei?iauea aaa?aiiuo aio nio?oaeieeia. Ii ioaaonoaaiai ca oi,
/oiau a eo noa?a aeayoaeueiinoe auee anai ecaanoiu e auiieiyeenue
i?aaeienaiey ii oaoieea aaciianiinoe. ?oeiaiaeeoaeue ia aeieaeai
ii?o/aoue naiei nio?oaeieeai ?aaioo, eioi?ay ia niioaaonoaoao ninoiyieth
eo caei?iauey.

1) Caaioa i oece/aneii ninoiyiee.

?acaeoea oece/aneie oi?iu ieacuaaao oe?aieythuaa aeeyiea ia ineoe/aneoth
no?oeoo?o. Oece/aneay aeoeaiinoue i?aaeeaaaao oi?ioee iooue aeey niyoey
ineoe/aneiai aeaaeaiey. Aeoeaii caieiathueany icaei?iaeoaeueiui nii?oii
iainiiauaatho naie yiooceaci oai, /oi iie /oanoaotho, eae oece/aneia
ooiieaiea aeaeaao aieaa y?eie e /aoeie oinoaaiioth aeayoaeueiinoue.
Ineoe/aneee

– 24 –

iano?ie aic?anoaao, e iaoiaeeony iiaue oaie c?aiey aeey o?oaeiuo e ia
aeathueo iieiy aii?inia.

Ia ioaeii aeaeaoue oae, /oiau caiyoey nii?oii noaiiaeeenue iiaui
iiaiaeii aeey no?anna.

Caaioa i oece/aneii ninoiyiee ia oieueei aeaao aeooaaiia caei?iauea, ii
e caueuaao io aieaciae.

I?iaeaiie naaiaeiyoiaai /aeiaaea yaeyaony eiaiii iaaeinoaoi/iia
eniieueciaaiea aiciiaeiinoae nianoaaiiiai oaea. I?aaieci eciaoeaaaony
?aiueoa a?aiaie, iineieueeo aai ia o?aie?otho e ia aeatho aeinoaoi/iie
iaa?ocee. Oi aea naiia ioiineony e e iicao. Anee ia eniieueciaaoue
iica, oi anoue aeooaaiua ?ano?nu, ii ao?ioe?oaony.

2) Caaioa i ineoe/aneii ninoiyiee.

Caaioa i aeooaaiii caei?iauea i?aaeiieaaaao iaiaoiaeeioth caaioo e i
ineoe/aneii ninoiyiee. Oooaeoaiea ineoe/aneiai ninoiyiey i?iyaeyaony
iaeaieaa iaaeyaeii a aeooaaiii aeeneiioi?oa. AEeciue aiaoao, a iuneyo –
ionoioa, aanoeaeueiinoue e e??aoeeiiaeueiinoue. Onoaaoee e aiaoe/iue
/aeiaae ooiaeeo a naay e aieueoa ia iiaeao eioa?aniaaoueny ae?oaeie.
Anee oaeay neooaoeey i?iaeieaeaaony aeieai, anoue iianiinoue, /oi
ineoe/aneia ?aaiiaanea aoaeao iieiinoueth iioa?yii. Iiyoiio aaaeii,
/oiau ?anno?ienoaa a ineoeea auee auyaeaiu oaea ia ?aiiae noaaeee,
oiaaea ia iio?aaoaony aeeeoaeueiiai ea/aiey.

Oeaio?aeueiui a aeooaaiii caei?iauea yaeyaony ?aaiiaanea. Aeooaaii
caei?iaue /aeiaae niiniaai iaeaaeeaaoue ioiioaiey ia?aoiie nayce:
ia?aaeaaaoue e aini?eieiaoue /oanoaa e ia?aaeeaaiey. Ii iiaeao aeaeaoue
?aaioo e ?aaeiaaoueny aeinoeaiooiio. E?iia oiai, aeooaaiia caei?iauea
aeeth/aao a naay e niiniaiinoue ia?aiineoue iioa?e,

– 25 –

iineieueeo ioeac io /aai-eeai oiaea aoiaeeo a iiiyoea /aeiaa/aneie
aeecie. Ioeac niaea?aeeo aieue e ai?a, iniaaiii oiaaea, eiaaea iioa?y
naycaia n /aeiaa/aneeie acaeiiioiioaieyie. A oeaeii aeooaaiia
caei?iauea icia/aao ia aani?iaeaiiinoue, a niiniaiinoue nio?aieoue
?aaiiaanea iacaaeneii io eciaiaiee. Ieeoi ia iiaeao auoue
o?aaiiaaoaiiui ai anao aeeciaiiuo neooaoeeyo.

?aoathuaa aeeyiea ia ineoe/aneia naii/oanoaea ieacuaatho /aeiaa/aneea
ioiioaiey. *aeiaae eniuouaaao e i?iaa?yao naay a ioiioaiee e ae?oaei.
Anee /aeiaa/aneea acaeiiioiioaiey, iai?eia? ec-ca aa/iie niaoee,
iinoiyiii inoathony iiaa?oiinoiuie e nei?ioa/iuie, oi /aeiaa/aneia
acaeiiaeeyiea iaaaeiyaony. Ae?oaeaneea e naiaeiua ioiioaiey o?aaotho
a?aiaie e iieiioeaiiiai iauaiey. Ioe?iaaiiua e oaniua /aeiaa/aneea
acaeiiioiioaiey nicaeatho iuouaiea aaciianiinoe e aeatho niaeinoue
i?enooiaoue e ethaui, aeaaea i?iaeaiaoe/iui ieaiai e inouanoaeyoue eo.

Ioaeuo e aeinoaoi/iue nii aeeytho ia oieueei ia iano?iaiea, ii e ia
aeooaaiia caei?iauea. Aeinoaoi/ii aeieaee e iai?a?uaiue ii/iie nii
yaeyaony iaeiie ec aeaaiuo i?aaeiinueie aeooaaiie aiae?inoe. Iaeuecy
ioae?aoue o ii/iiai nia /anu aeey ?aaiou, iineieueeo yoi i/aiue nei?i
neaaeaony ia ?acoeueoaoao.

Oaea/aiey e aeinoa aeatho aiciiaeiinoue oaaee/eoue aeooaaioth
aiae?inoue. ?aca?ae?oy a?aiy aeey naay e aeey naieo oaea/aiee, /aeiaae
aeaeaao naith aeeciue aiaa/a. Naiaiaeiia a?aiy ioaeaeyao ian io ?aaiou
e iiiiaaao ?anneaaeoueny. Oaeei ia?acii iieo/atho ca?yae aiae?inoe aeey
aoaeouae ?aaiou.

– 26 –

8. CAEETH*AIEA.

Iu naie ianai ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca naith aeeciue e iioeaaoeeth e ?aaioa.
*ai auno?aa iu aini?eiai oaeoth oi/eo c?aiey, oai auno?aa ia/iai
inouanoaeyoue i?aaeeueiua ia?ii?eyoey. Iaeiaei i?aaenoaaeyaony, /oi
iiiaea ec ian o?aoyo neeoeii iiiai a?aiaie, i?aaeaea /ai iniaeeaathony
i?eiyoue ia naay aeaaioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca niaea?aeaiea naiae aeecie
e aeaeaiea ?aaioaoue.

Iu i?eaueee eneaoue i?e/eiu naieo aeeciaiiuo e ?aai/eo i?iaeai
aia/aea aia ian. I?e/eiu iaoiaeyony auno?i: yoi – aeeaeaeoea eieeaae
ii ?aaioa, ia/aeueieee, iiae/eiaiiua, ?acaeaeaiea o?oaea, aoiinoa?a,
ciinia oi?aaeaiey, a aia naiaai i?aaei?eyoey – yeiiiie/aneay
eiiuthieoo?a, ia?acoiiay iieeoeea i?aaeoaeuenoaa e iiiaeanoai ae?oaeo
oaeoi?ia, eaaeaueo aeaaea ca i?aaeaeaie iaoae no?aiu. Iiiaea ec ian
o?aoyo oae iiiai a?aiaie ia iauyniaiea yooaeoeaiinoe naiae ?aaiou eee
iaaeaeaiey ?aaioaoue, /oi a oa/aiea yoiai a?aiaie i?e aai i?aaeeueiii
eniieueciaaiee iiaeii auei au aeinoe/ue cia/eoaeueii aieaa aunieie
iioeaaoeee, eae nianoaaiiie, oae e aeeaeaeoaai ie?oaeaiey.

A eeoa?aoo?a ano?a/aaony iiiai ii?aaeaeaiee iioeaaoeee e iioeaia. A ieo
anao iuoathony ?acee/iuie oa?ieiaie au?aceoue aeaaiia a iioeaaoeee:
?a/ue eaeao i i?ioeanna, eioi?ue i?ienoiaeeo aioo?e /aeiaaea,
iai?aaeyao aai iiaaaeaiea e auai? eee, eiuie neiaaie, canoaaeyao aai
aanoe naay a eaeie-oi eiie?aoiie neooaoeee ii?aaeaeaiiui ia?acii.
Neaaeiaaoaeueii, iiieiay i?ioeann iioeaaoeee, iu iiaeai cia/eoaeueii
eo/oa iiiyoue eae naay, oae e iiaaaeaiea ethaeae, n eioi?uie iu
iauaainy, a ?acee/iuo neooaoeeyo. Iaeiaei a iauyniaiee iiaaaeaiey
/aeiaaea iioeaaoeey yaeyaony eeoue iaeaiueeie /anoueth.

– 27 –

9. NIENIE ENIIEUeCIAAIIIE EEOA?AOO?U:

1. Aiaeueyiia TH. A.

“Eae iiii/ue naiiio naaa”.

Iineaa, 1993 a.

2. Iaeeaice ?. A.

“Eiaooea a?aiaie.

Eae naeaeaoue aieueoa ca iaiueoaa a?aiy”.

Iineaa, 1993 a.

3. Naioaeaeiai O., Ii?aiia I.

“Oi?aaeaiea ii ?acoeueoaoai”.

Iineaa, 1994a.

4. Oeaiaea? Y.

“I?aeoeea oi?aaeaiey”.

Iineaa, 1993a.

3.

– 2 –

IEAI.

1. Aaaaeaiea
………………………………………………………………
… 3

2. Iniiaiua ciaiey, eioi?ua aeatho oai?ee iioeaaoeee e ?aaioa e
enneaaeiaaiey iioeaaoeee ………………………. 4

1) Aeaoooaeoi?iay oai?ey iioeaaoeee Aa?oeaa?aa ….. 4

2) Ea?a?oey iio?aaiinoae ( Ianeio ) …………………… 6

3) Oai?ey iaeeaeaiee ( A?oi, Ii?oa?, Eioea? ) ………. 7

4) Neooaoeeiiiua, ee/iinoiua e ae?oaea oaeoi?u, aeeythuea
ia iioeaaoeeth …………………………………… 9

5) Iio?aaiinoe a aeinoeaeaiee, i?eniaaeeiaiee e aeanoe eae oaeoi?
iiaaaeaiey ia ?aaioa …………. 11

3. Oaeoi?u, aeeythuea ia oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue ?aaioie e iioeaaoeeth
……………………………………………………….. 13

4. I?iaeaiaoeea na?aaeeiu neoaeaaiie ea?uea?u ………. 16

5. ?acaeoea n iiiiuueth e?ecenia ……………………………..
18

6. Ia?ii?eyoey ii iaania/aieth nianoaaiiie iioeaaoeee e aeecie e
?aaioa ……………………………… 19

7. Caaioa i caei?iauea eae iaeia ec oi?i ii?aeueiiai noeioee?iaaiey
…………………………………………………… 22

1) Caaioa i oece/aneii ninoiyiee ……………………… 23

2) Caaioa i ineoe/aneii ninoiyiee …………………….. 24

8. Caeeth/aiea
………………………………………………………….. 26

9. Nienie eniieueciaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u ……………………. 27

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