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Фирма и формы предпринимательской деятельности

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14

МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЙ СЛАВЯНСКИЙ ИНСТИТУТ

?AOA?AO

II YEIIIIEEA

OAIA:

OE?IA E OI?IU I?AAeI?EIEIAOAEUeNEIE AeAssOAEUeIINOE

I?AIIAeIAAOAEUe: AAO*AIEI TH.E.

IINEAA 1997a.

?AOA?AO II YEIIIIEEA

OE?IA E OI?IU I?AAeI?EIEIAOAEUeNEIE AeAssOAEUeIINOE.

IEAI:

I. *oi oaeia oe?ia.

II. *anoiue i?aaei?eieiaoaeue.

III. Ia?oia?noai (oiaa?euanoai).

IV. Ei?ii?aoeey (eiiiaiee n ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth).

4.1. Iaeia i?aaei?eyoea.

4.2. Aeoeeiia?iia iauanoai (cae?uoia e ioe?uoia).

4.3. Niaianoiia i?aaei?eyoea.

V. Aeoeee e iaeeaaoeee eiiiaiee.

VI. Eiiia?aoeau.

VII. Ainoaea?noaaiiua i?aaei?eyoey (ioaee/iua ei?ii?aoeee).

I. *oi oaeia oe?ia.

Oe?ia – yoi i?aaiecaoeey, aaaeouay aecian iiae ii?aaeaeaiiui eiaiai.
Oe?ia eiio?iee?oao eniieueciaaiea caiee, o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia e eaieoaea.
Iia naia i?eieiaao ?aoaiea ioiineoaeueii aeecaeia, niiniaa i?iecaiaenoaa
e i?iaeaaee i?iaeoeoeee. Oe?io neaaeoao ioee/aoue io i?iecaiaenoaaiiie
aaeeieoeu, iai?eia? oaa?eee, oa?iu eee oaoou, oae eae iia i?aaenoaaeyao
niaie aaeeieoeo oi?aaeaiey. Iaeia oe?ia iiaeao eiaoue, eeai
eiio?iee?iaaoue ianeieueei i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo aaeeieoe.

Oe?iu auaatho ?aciiai ?acia?a – iaeei /anoiue i?aaei?eieiaoaeue eee
ei?ii?aoeey, n iiiaiouny/iui ooaoii nio?oaeieeia.

1. Oeaeaaua onoaiiaee oe?iu.

Iieo/aiea iaeneiaeueiie i?eauee – yoi eiia/iay oeaeue ethaie
eiiia?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe. Yoa oeaeue aeinoeaaaony /a?ac ii?aaeaeaiey
e ?aaeecaoeeth iaai?a oeaeaauo onoaiiaie eae oaeoe/aneiai, oae e
no?aoaae/aneiai ii?yaeea. Eie yaeythony:

– oaaee/aiea iauaia i?iaeaae;

– aeinoeaeaiea aieaa aunieeo oaiiia ?inoa;

– oaaee/aiea aeiee ?uiea;

– oaaee/aiea i?eauee ii ioiioaieth e aeiaeaiiiio eaieoaeo;

– oaaee/aiea aeioiaea ia aeoeeth eiiiaiee (anee yoi aeoeeiia?iay
eiiiaiey);

– oaaee/aiea ?uii/iie noieiinoe aeoeee (anee yoi ioe?uoia aeoeeiia?iia
iauanoai);

– eciaiaiea no?oeoo?u eaieoaea.

Oa?aeoa? aeaiiuo oeaeaauo onoaiiaie i?aaei?eyoey ii?aaeaeai ninoiyieai
yeiiiieee a oeaeii, oaiaeaioeeyie ?acaeoey eiie?aoiie io?anee, e eioi?ie
ioiineony aeayoaeueiinoue oe?iu, a oaeaea noaaeeae oeeeea aeecie naiiai
i?aaei?eyoey.

Nouanoaoao oai?ey aeeciaiiuo oeeeeia i?aaei?eyoee, niaeanii eioi?ie
auaeaeyaony o?e noaaeee yoiai oeeeea:

Ia?aay noaaeey:Oa?aeoa?ecoaony aeoeaiay yeniainey, ia?aueaaiea oaiiia
?inoa. Iaeiieaiea iai?aaeaii ia nicaeaiea i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iiuiinoae e
caoaao ?uieia.

Aoi?ay noaaeey:

?ino eo?nia aeoeee e i?eauee, oaaee/aiey aeioiaeia nianoaaiieeia
eaieoaea. Aeaaiia ianoi caieiaao ai?ueaa ca oaea?aeaiea naiae aeiee
?uiea, ?ino i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iiuiinoae, ii n?aaiaieth n nie?auaieai
ecaea?aeae, iooiaeeo ia aoi?ie ieai.

O?aouey noaaeey:

I?ienoiaeeo nieaeaiea iauaiia i?iaeaae, a aianoa n iei e nie?auaiea
i?eauee, /oi noeioee?oao iooie eaieoaea ec io?anee. Ia yoie noaaeee
aaeeinoaaiiie oeaeueth i?aaei?eyoey yaeyaony auaeeaaiea (nio?aiaiea
aeecianiiniaiinoe), oi anoue i?iaeieaeaiea aai iia?aoeee a oa/aiea
ii?aaeaeaiiiai ia?eiaea a?aiaie, ca/anooth ia neieueei ?aaee
aeinoeaeaiey ii?aaeaeaiiiai o?iaiy i?eauee, neieueei aeey ieieiecaoeee
oauoeia.

2. Nenoaia oeaiiinoae oe?iu.

Nicaeaiea oeaiiinoae – anoue iniiaiiieaaathuay ooieoeey i?aaei?eyoey.

I?ioeann nicaeaiey oeaiiinoae i?aaenoaaeyao niaie oaeiaeaoai?aiea
a?oiiiauo eee eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo iio?aaiinoae, a ?acoeueoaoa /aai
i?aaei?eyoea aeiaeaaaony iauanoaaiiiai i?eciaiey naiae aeayoaeueiinoe.
I?ioeaaoathuaa i?aaei?eyoea – yoi i?aaei?eyoea iieo/athuaa onoie/eaoth
i?eaueue io naiae aeayoaeueiinoe. Aeaaeaeueoeu (eeai aeoeeiia?u)
i?aaei?eyoey caeioa?aniaaiu a iinoiyiiii e ana aic?anoathuai iioiea
aeioiaeia e oaeei eniieueciaaieai nianoaaiiuo e i?eaea/aiiuo n?aaenoa,
eioi?ia oaaee/eaaao oeaiiinoue i?eiaaeeaaeauae ei nianoaaiiinoe
(aeeaeaeaiaeu, aeoeee). Ia?niiae e iinoaaueee caeioa?aniaaiu a
noaaeeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey, aeieain?i/iuo n iei ioiioaiee, a oaeaea a
aeaaii?eyoiie ?aai/ae aoiinoa?a. Aeey iio?aaeoaeae aea aunooth
oeaiiinoue i?aaenoaaeytho oiaa?u e oneoae, oaeiaeaoai?ythuea eo ii
ea/anoao e oeaia.

Iauanoaaiiia i?eciaiea, a naith i/a?aaeue, aeaao i?aaei?eyoeth
aiciiaeiinoue ?anoe?youe i?iecaiaenoai, ia?aueaaoue iauaiu i?iaeaae e
oneoa, e a eiia/iii eoiaa oaaee/eaaoue naith i?eaueue.

Iniiaiui ?aai/ei eino?oiaioii a ?aaeecaoeee oeaeaauo ooieoeee
i?aaei?eyoey, yaeyaony ?uii/iay no?aoaaey, a ?aieao eioi?ie ?aaeecoaony
eiieo?aioiua i?aeiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey. A iaaeaeoia?iaeiie oai?ee e
i?aeoeea aeciana ?acee/atho o?e iniiaiuo aeaea ?uii/iie no?aoaaee
i?aaei?eyoey.

?oeiaiaenoai i?aaei?eyoey aeieaeii na?ueacii i?iaiaeece?iaaoue
eiathueany eiieo?aioiua i?aeiouanoaa e aua?aoue iaeio ec no?aoaaee
iiaaaeaiey ia ?uiea.

Iinea oiai eae ?uii/iay no?aoaaey i?iaaaeaia, neaaeothuei eino?oiaioii
?aaeecaoeee oeaeaaie ooieoeee i?aaei?eyoey, iaania/eaathuei onoie/eaia
iieo/aiea i?eauee, yaeyaony ieaie?iaaiea, iai?aaeaiiia ia aeinoeaeaiea
oeaeae i?aaei?eyoey.

I yoai ieaie?iaaieyAiaeec aiaoiae n?aaeu, oi anoue iieeoe/aneay e
yeiiiie/aneay neooaoeey a no?aia, aiaeec io?anee (oaiiu ?inoa.
Oeeeee/iinoue, oeiainiaua oa?aeoa?enoeee), aiaeec ?uiea (oaeoeea
i?iaeaae, ?aeeaia, oeaiu), aiaeec ni?ina (eciaiyaiinoue,
aeeeoaeueiinoue, onoie/eainoue), aiaeec ?ano?nia (aeinooiiinoue,
caiaiyaiinoue, eciaiaiea oeai, aicaeaenoaea ia ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo).

II yoai ieaie?iaaiey

Ioeaiea iioaioeeaeueiuo aiciiaeiinoae i?aaei?eyoey. Yoi iicaieyao
iaania/eoue aaeain ?uii/iuo cai?inia n ?aaeueiuie aiciiaeiinoyie naiiai
i?aaei?eyoey, au?aaioaoue iainiiaaiea i?iecaiaenoaaiiie i?ia?aiiu e
iiaaaeaiea ia ?uiea, iaania/aiea i?eiyoey a?aiioiuo ?aoaiee.

III yoai ieaie?iaaiey

Auai? aa?eaioia ?acaeoey i?aaei?eyoey (ninoaaeaiea aecian-ieaia:
iienaiea oiaa?ia e oneoa, i?iecaiaenoaaiiue (i?aaiecaoeeiiiue) ieai,
ia?eaoeiaiaue e oeiainiaue ieaiu).

II. *anoiue i?aaei?eieiaoaeue.

Oaeiai ?iaea oe?io oaeaea iacuaatho aecianii iaeiiai /aeiaaea, eee
/anoiie nianoaaiiinoueth. Aeaaeaeaoe eiaao iaoa?eaeueiua ?ano?nu e
eaieoaeueiia iai?oaeiaaiea, iaiaoiaeeiia aeey i?iecaiaenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe, eee i?eia?aoaao eo, a oaeaea ee/ii eiio?iee?oao
aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaei?eyoey.

I?AEIOUANOAA:

1. Aaeeiiee/iia aeaaeaiea eaaei o/?aaeeoue, oae eae th?eaee/aneay
i?ioeaaeo?a ioi?ieaiey aanueia eaaea e ?aaeno?aoeey oe?iu oaeiai ?iaea
iau/ii ia o?aaoao aieueoeo cao?ao.

2. Aeaaeaeaoe nai naaa oicyei e ?aniieaaaao cia/eoaeueiie naiaiaeie
aeaenoaee. Aeey i?eiyoey ?aoaiee i oii, /oi e eae i?iecaiaeeoue. Ia
iaaei aeaeaoue ?aoaiee ieeaeeo nia?aiee, ia?oia?ia eee aee?aeoi?ia.

3. Aeaaeaeaoe iiaeao i?aaeinoaaeyoue eeeaioo ia?niiaeueiua oneoae.

4. Noeioeu yooaeoeaiie ?aaiou – naiua yia?ae/iua. Aeaaeaeaoe iieo/aao
ana a neo/aa oniaoa e oa?yao ana a neo/aa iaoaea/e.

Iaeiaei nouanoaotho e iaaeinoaoee yoie i?aaiecaoeeiiiie oi?iu, e iie
aanueia cia/eoaeueiua.

IAAeINOAOEE:

1. Ca ?aaeeei eneeth/aieai, oeiainiaua ?ano?nu aaeeiiee/iiai
i?aaei?eieiaoaey iaaeinoaoi/iu aeey oiai, /oiau oe?ia iiaea au?anoe a
e?oiiia i?aaei?eyoea. Oaeay eae aaeeiiee/iuo aeaaeaiee i?ioeaio
aaie?ionoaa ioiineoaeueii aunie, eiiia?/aneea aaiee ia i/aiue ioioii
i?aaeinoaaeytho ei aieueoea e?aaeeou.

2. Inouanoaeyaony iieiue eiio?ieue iaae aeayoaeueiinoueth i?aaei?eyoey,
aeaaeaeaoe aeieaeai auiieiyoue ana iniiaiua ?aoaiey, iai?eia?,
ioiineoaeueii iieoiee, i?iaeaaee, i?eaea/aiey e niaea?aeaiey ia?niiaea;
ia oioneaoue ec aieiaiey oaoie/aneea aniaeou, eioi?ua iiaoo aicieeiooue
a i?iecaiaenoaa, a ?aeeaia e a ?ani?aaeaeaiee i?iaeoeoeee.

3. Iaeaieaa aaaeiui iaaeinoaoie caeeth/aaony a oii, oi aaeeiiee/iue
aeaaeaeaoe yaeyao noauaeoii iaia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe. Yoi
icia/aao, /oi naiinoiyoaeueiua i?aaei?eieiaoaee ?eneotho ia oieueei
aeoeaaie oe?iu, ii e naieie ee/iuie aeoeaaie. Anee i?aaei?eyoea
iaaie?ioeeinue, ii ia?niiaeueii e aaeeiiee/ii ioaa/aao ii aeieaai oe?iu.
Aeey oieaou aeieaia a yoii neo/aa iiaeao auoue i?iaeaii ee/iia eiouanoai
aeaaeaeueoea.

III. Ia?oia?noai (oiaa?euanoai).

Ia?oia?noai – yoi oi?ia i?aaiecaoeee aeciana anoanoaaiiui ?acaeoeai
aaeeiiee/iiai aeaaeaiey.

Caeii i ia?oia?noaa 1890a. ii?aaeaeee ia?oia?noai (oiaa?euanoai), eae
aeia?iaieueioth annioeeaoeeth io 2 aei 20 /aeiaae, iauaaeeieaoeony aeey
niaianoiiai aeciana n oeaeueth iieo/aiey i?eauee. Iaeiaei a iaeioi?uo
iaeanoyo aeayoaeueiinoe (th?enou, aooaaeoa?a, a?iea?u) oaia?ue
?ac?aoaaony iauaaeeiyoueny a ia?oia?noaa aieaa /ai 20 o/anoieeai.

Ii noaiaie o/anoey a aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey ia?oia?noaa auaatho
?aciua. A iaeioi?uo neo/ayo ana ia?oia?u ea?atho aeoeaioth ?ieue a
ooieoeeiie?iaaiee i?aaei?eyoey, a ae?oaeo neo/ayo – iaeei eee ianeieueei
o/anoieeia iiaoo ea?aoue ianneaioth ?ieue. Yoi icia/aao, /oi iie
aeeaaeuaatho naie oeiainiaua n?aaenoaa a oe?io, ii ia i?eieiatho
aeoeaiiai o/anoey a oi?aaeaieth ath.

I?AEIOUANOAA:

1. Iiaeiaii aaeeiiee/iiio (/anoiiio) aeaaeaieth, ia?oia?noai eaaei
i?aaieciaaoue. Ii/oe ai anao neo/ayo caeeth/aaony ienueiaiiia
niaeaoaiea, i?e/ai ath?ie?aoe/aneea i?ioeaaeo?u iaia?aiaieoaeueiu.

2. Iineieueeo a ia?oia?noai (oiaa?euanoai) iauaaeeiyaony iiiai ethaeae,
ia/aeueiue eaieoae iiaeao auoue aieueoei, /ai a aaeeiiee/iii /anoiii
i?aaei?eyoee.

3. Oi?aaeaiea oe?iie iiaeao auoue niaoeeaeece?iaaii. Eaaeaeue ec
ia?oia?ia iiaeao i?eiyoue ia naay ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca eiie?aoiue o/anoie
?aaiou. Iai?eia? ca oi?aaeaiea, i?iecaiaenoaa e o.i.

IAAeINOAOEE:

1. Eiaaea ianeieueei /aeiaae o/anoaotho a oi?aaeaiee. Iiaeiaiia
?acaeaeaiea aeanoe iiaeao i?eaanoe e ianiaianoeiinoe eioa?ania, e
ianiaeaniaaiiie iieeoeea eee aacaeaenoaeth, eiaaea o?aaothony
?aoeoaeueiua aeaenoaey. Aua ooaea, eiaaea ia?oia?u ?anoiaeyony ii
aeaaiui aii?inai. Ii anai yoei i?e/eiai oi?aaeaiea ia?oia?noaii iiaeao
auoue iaiiai?ioeeaui e cao?oaeieoaeueiui.

2. Oeiainu eiiiaiee ana aua ia?aie/aiiu, oioy cia/eoaeueii i?aainoiaeyo
aiciiaeiinoe /anoiiai aeaaeaiey. Oeiainiauo ?ano?nia o?ao eee /aou?ao
ia?oia?ia iiaeao ia oaaoeoue, eee iie iiaoo auoue oaeiau, /oi ana aea
aoaeoo neeueii ia?aie/eaaoue iioaioeeaeueiue ?ino i?eaueueiiai
i?aaei?eyoey.

3. I?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue aeayoaeueiinoe ia?oia?noaa iai?aaeneacoaia.
Auoiae ec ia?oia?noaa eee nia?oue ia?oia?a, eae i?aaeei, aeaeoo ca niaie
?aniaae e iieioth ?ai?aaiecaoeeth oe?iu, iioaioeeaeueiue n?ua aa
aeayoaeueiinoe.

4. Ia?oia?noai (oiaa?euanoai) no?aaeatho io iaia?aie/aiiie
ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey. Iieiia ia?oia?noai
icia/aao, /oi eaaeaeue eiiiaiueii iieiinoueth ioaa/aao ii aeieaai
i?aaei?eyoey.

5. Iiaeii nicaeaoue oiaa?euanoai n ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth. A
oaeii neo/aa eiiiaiueii ioaa/aao ii aeieaai i?aaei?eyoey a ?acia?a oao
n?aaenoa, eioi?ua ii a iaai aeiaeee. Iaeiaei eiiiaiueiiu a oiaa?euanoaa
oaeiai ?iaea ia iiaoo i?eieiaoue o/anoey a aaaeaiee aeciana – ii e?aeiae
ia?a iaeei ec ieo ana aea aeieaeai i?eiyoue ia naay iieiioo
ioaaonoaaiiinoe.

IV. Ei?ii?aoeey.

Ei?ii?aoeey – yoi i?aaiaay oi?ia aeciana, ioee/athuayny e ioaeaeaiiay
io eiie?aoiuo eeoe, eie aeaaeathueo. Yoe i?eciaiiua i?aaeoaeuenoaii
“th?eaee/aneea eeoea” iiaoo i?eia?aoaoue ?ano?nu, aeaaeaoue aeoeaaie,
i?iecaiaeeoue e i?iaeaaaoue i?iaeoeoeeth, a?aoue a aeiea,
i?aaeinoaaeyoue e?aaeeou, i?aaeuyaeyoue ene e aunooiaoue a noaea
ioaao/eeii. A oaeaea auiieiyoue ana oa ooieoeee, eioi?ua auiieiytho
i?aaei?eyoey ethaiai ae?oaiai oeia.

I?AEIOUANOAA:

1. Iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiay oi?ia i?aaiecaoeee aeciana a aii?inao
i?eaea/aiey aeaiaaeiiai eaieoaea. Ei?ii?aoeeyi i?enou oieeaeueiue niinia
oeiaine?iaaiey – /a?ac i?iaeaaeo aeoeee e iaeeaaoeee, – eioi?ue
iicaieyao i?eaeaeaoue naa?aaeaiey iiiai/eneaiiuo aeiiioicyenoa. *a?ac
?uiie oeaiiuo aoiaa ei?ii?aoeee iiaoo iauaaeeiyoue a iauee oiiae
oeiainiaua ?ano?nu ia?iiiiai /enea ioaeaeueiuo eeoe. Oeiaine?iaaiea
iooai i?iaeaaee oeaiiuo aoiaa eiaao oaeaea ii?aaeaeaiiua i?aeiouanoaa. N
oi/ee c?aiey ec iieoiaoaeae. Ei?ii?aoeee eiatho aieaa eaaeee aeinooi e
aaieianeiio e?aaeeoo ii n?aaiaieth ae?oaeie oi?iaie i?aaiecaoeee
aeciana. I?e/eia caeeth/aaony ia oieueei a aieueoae iaaeaaeiinoe
ei?ii?aoeee, ii oaeaea a aa niiniaiinoe iaania/eoue aaieai
i?eaueueiinoue n/aoia.

2. Ae?oaia nouanoaaiiia i?aeiouanoai ei?ii?aoeee – yoi ia?aie/aiiay
ioaaonoaaiiinoue. Aeaaeaeueoeu ei?ii?aoeee (oi anoue aea?aeaoaee aeoeee)
?eneotho oieueei oie noiiie, eioi?oth iie caieaoeee ca iieoieo aeoeee.
Eo ee/iua aeoeau ia noaayony iiae oa?ico, aeaaea anee ei?ii?aoeey
iaaie?ioeony. E?aaeeoi?u iiaoo i?aaeuyaeoue ene ei?ii?aoeee eae
th?eaee/aneiio eeoeo, ii ia aeaaeaeueoeai ei?ii?aoeee eae /anoiui
eeoeai. I?aai ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe caiaoii iaeaa/aao caaea/o
ei?ii?aoeee a i?eaea/aiee aeaiaaeiiai eaieoaea.

3. Iineieueeo ei?ii?aoeey yaeyaony th?eaee/aneei eeoeii, iia nouanoaoao
iacaaeneii io aa aeaaeaeueoeaa e a yoii ioiioaiee – io aa nianoaaiiuo
aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe. Ia?oia?noai aiacaiii e iai?aaeneacoaii iiaoo
iiaeaiooue, a ei?ii?aoeee, ii e?aeiae ia?a niaeanii caeiiai, aa/iu.
Ia?aaea/a nianoaaiiinoe ei?ii?aoeee /a?ac i?iaeaaeo aeoeee ia iiae?uaaao
aa oeaeinoiinoe. Iaeiei neiaii, ei?ii?aoeee iaeaaeatho ecaanoiui
iinoiyinoaii, iaaeinoathuei ae?oaei oi?iai aeciana, eioi?ia ioe?uaaao
aiciiaeiinoue ia?niaeoeaiiai ieaie?iaaiey e ?inoa.

I?aeiouanoaa ei?ii?aoeee ia?iiiu e iau/ii i?aauoatho ec iaaeinoaoee. E
ana aea iie nouanoaotho.

IAAeINOAOEE:

1. ?aaeno?aoeey onoaaa ei?ii?aoeee nii?yaeaia n iaeioi?uie
ath?ie?aoe/aneeie i?ioeaaeo?aie e n ?anoiaeaie ia th?eaee/aneea oneoae.

2. Neaaeothuee aiciiaeiue iaaeinoaoie ei?ii?aoeee eanaaony aii?inia,
naycaiiuo n iaeiaiiaeaaeaieai i?eauee ei?ii?aoeee. ?a/ue eaeao i
i?iaeaia aeaieiiai iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey: oa /anoue aeioiaea ei?ii?aoeee,
eioi?ay auiea/eaaaony a aeaea aeeaeaeaiaeia aea?aeaoaeyi aeoeee,
iaeaaaaony iaeiaii aeaaaeaeu – ia?aue ?ac eae /anoue i?eauee
ei?ii?aoeee, aoi?ie – eae /anoue ee/iiai aeioiaea aeaaeaeueoea aeoeee.

3. I?e aaeeiiee/iii i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa e ia?oia?noaa aeaaeaeueoeu
iaaeaeaeeiinoe e oeiainiauo aeoeaia naie iaiin?aaenoaaiii oi?aaeytho
yoeie aeoeaaie e eo eiio?iee?otho. Ii a e?oiiuo ei?ii?aoeeyo, aeoeee
eioi?uo oe?iei ?ani?aaeaeaiu n?aaee nioai ouny/ aeaaeaeueoeaa,
iiyaeyaony cia/eoaeueiia ?anoiaeaeaiea iaaeaeo ooieoeeyie nianoaaiiinoe
e eiio?iey.

I?e/eiu yoiai e?ithony a aacaeayoaeueiinoe oeie/iiai aea?aeaoaey
aeoeee. Aieueoay /anoue aeaaeaeueoeaa aeoeee ia eniieuecoao i?aaa
o/anoey a aieiniaaiee eee aea anee eniieuecotho yoi i?aai, oi eeoue
iiaeienuaaynue iiae i?aaeinoaaeaieai iieiiii/ee aeaenoaothuei
aeieaeiinoiui eeoeai ei?ii?aoeee.

Ana eiiiaiee n ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth aeieaeiu auoue
ca?aaeno?e?iaaiu a ?aaeno?aoeeiiiie iaeaoa. Aei ia/aea oaeoe/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe eiiiaiey aeieaeia i?aaeinoaaeoue a ?aaeno?aoeeiiioth
iaeaoo ?yae aeieoiaioia ia ooaa?aeaeaiea:

– iaii?aiaeoi eiiiaiee;

– onoaa aeoeeiia?iie eiiiaiee.

Iaii?aiaeoi eiiiaiee:A iai aeieaeii auoue caoeene?iaaii iacaaiea
eiiiaiee, aae?an aa ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiiai ioena, oeaee eiiiaiee, ?acia?
eaieoaea, eioi?ue eiiiaiey iaia?aia nia?aoue iooai i?iaeaaee aeoeee. A
iacaaiee eiiiaiee iaycaoaeueii aeieaeiu oeao?e?iaaoue neiaa “n
ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth” eee, anee yoi iauanoaaiiay eiiiaiey,
“iauanoaaiiay eiiiaiey”.

Onoaa aeoeeiia?iie eiiiaiee

Aeieaeai niaea?aeaoue iienaiea oiai, eae aoaeao i?aaieciaaia e
oi?aaeyoueny aeaiiay eiiiaiey. Oai aeieaeia auoue oeacaia eioi?iaoeey i
i?aaao aeoeeiia?ia, i?aaa e iaycaiiinoyo aee?aeoi?ia, a oaeaea
i?ioeaaeo?a nicuaa nia?aiee aeoeeiia?ia.

Caeii o?aaoao io anao ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiuo eiiiaiee ioaeeeiaaoue aiaeiaua
io/aou e i?aaeinoaaeyoue eiiee yoeo io/aoia a ?aaeno?aoeeiiioth iaeaoo.

4.1. IAEUA I?AAeI?EssOEss.

Iaeia i?aaei?eyoea iiaeao auoue nicaeaii e /anoiui eeoeii, e
i?aaei?eyoeai, i?aaiecaoeeae, eae ainoaea?noaaiiie oae e iauanoaaiiie.
Ai-ia?auo, iii iiaeao auoue “iaeiieeao/aoui” e aieaa neiaeiui, eiaoue
oeeeaeu, o/anoee, i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoaa. Ai-aoi?uo, ?aciiia?aceai oeaeae,
?aaee eioi?uo iiaeao auoue nicaeaii i?aaei?eyoea: ooaeiaeanoaaiiu e
iiaeniaiuo i?iiuneia, ieacaiea anaaiciiaeiuo oneoa ianaeaieth, caionea
i?aeoe/anee ethaie aeayoaeueiinoe, ia cai?auaiiie caeiiii. A-o?aoueeo,
i?eaeaeaao ioiineoaeueii i?inoay i?ioeaaeo?a o/?aaeaeaiey e
?aaeno?aoeee.

A i?iiuoeaiii ?acaeouo no?aiao iaeua i?aaei?eyoey aeatho cia/eoaeueioth
aeieth niaieoiiiai aaeiaiai i?iaeoeoa.

AEecianiiniaiinoue iaeuo i?aaei?eyoee ii?aaeaeytho naiaiaea e i?inoioa
eo nicaeaiey, ionoonoaea aaeieieno?aoeaiiai i?eioaeaeaiey, eueaioiay
nenoaia iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, ?uii/iue iaoaieci oeaiiia?aciaaiey.

E iaeui i?aaei?eyoeyi ioiinyony aiiaue nicaeaaaaiua ei aeaenoaothuea
i?aaei?eyoey /eneaiiinoueth ?aaioathueo aei 200 /aeiaae a i?iiuoeaiiinoe
eee no?ieoaeuenoaa, aei 100 /aeiaae a iaoea e iao/iii ianeoaeeaaiee, aei
50 /aeiaae a ae?oaeo io?aneyo i?iecaiaenoaaiiie noa?u, aei 25 /aeiaae a
io?aneyo iai?iecaiaenoaaiiie noa?u, aei 15 /aeiaae a ?icie/iie oi?aiaea.

Iaeua i?aaei?eyoey iiaoo auoue nicaeaiu a ?acoeueoaoa auaeaeaiey ec
ninoaaa aeaenoaothuaai i?aaei?eyoey, iauaaeeiaiey, i?aaiecaoeee. A yoeo
neo/ayo oa i?aaiecaoeey (i?aaei?eyoea), ec eioi?iai auaeaeeeinue iaeia
i?aaei?eyoea, aunooiaao aai o/?aaeeoaeai.

Aeey ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee iaeiai i?aaei?eyoey ianoiui Niaaoii
ia?iaeiuo aeaiooaoia neaaeoao i?aaeinoaaeoue iineaaeiaio neaaeothuea
aeieoiaiou:

– i?eeac o/?aaeeoaeae;

– o/?aaeeoaeueiue aeiaiai?;

– onoaa;

– eaeoaioeeth ia oieaoa ainiioeeiu ca ?aaeno?aoeeth.

A o/?aaeeoaeueiii aeiaiai?a ii?aaeaeythony ioiioaiey iaaeaeo
i?aaei?eyoeyie e aai o/?aaeeoaeai, oicyenoaaiieea, oeiainiaua nayce,
onoaaiie eaieoae, io/eneaiey ec i?eauee a iieueco o/?aaeeoaey.

Onoaaii iaeiai i?aaei?eyoey onoaiaaeeaathony oeaee aai aeayoaeueiinoe,
ii?yaeie ia?aciaaiey eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey, ii?yaeie oi?aaeaiey,
aiciiaeiinoe aueoia, ?ani?aaeaeaiea i?eauee, oneiaeyie ?ai?aaiecaoeee e
i?ae?auaiey aeayoaeueiinoe e ae?oaea aaaeiaeoea aii?inu.

I?aaei?eyoey naiinoiyoaeueii inouanoaeyao naith aeayoaeueiinoue,
?anii?yaeaaony auioneaaiie i?iaeoeoeeae, iieo/aiiie i?eaueueth,
inoaaoaeny a aai ?anii?yaeaiee iinea oieaou iaeiaia e ae?oaeo
iaycaoaeueiuo ieaoaaeae.

Iaeua i?aaei?eyoey io/eouaathony i ?acoeueoaoao naiae oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe ia?aae o/?aaeeoaeyie a ii?yaeea, ii?aaeaeaiiii
o/?aaeeoaeueiui aeiaiai?ii.

Oi?aaeaiea i?aaei?eyoeai inouanoaeyaony a niioaaonoaee n Onoaaii.
?oeiaiaeeoaeue (aee?aeoi?) iacia/aaony nianoaaiieeii i?e o/?aaeaeaiee
i?aaei?eyoey. No?oeoo?a oi?aaeaiey e ooaou ii?aaeaeythony o?oaeiaui
eieeaeoeaii naiinoiyoaeueii. N ?oeiaiaeeoaeyie, niaoeeaeenoaie e
ae?oaeie ?aaioieeaie iiaoo auoue caeeth/aiu eiio?aeou, eae iniaie oi?iu
o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a.

I?ioeaaeo?iua aii?inu eeeaeaeaoeee i?aaei?eyoey ?ac?aoathony
nianoaaiieeii eiouanoaa /a?ac iacia/aiioth ei eeeaeaeaoeeiiioth
eiienneth. Iainiiaaiiua i?aoaicee e?aaeeoi?ia e eeeaeaee?oaiiio iaeiio
i?aaei?eyoeth oaeiaeaoai?ythony ec aai eiouanoaa.

I?e ?ai?aaiecaoeee i?aaei?eyoey aai i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe ia?aoiaeyo e
i?aaii?aaiieeai.

4.2. AEOeEIIA?IIA IAUANOAI:

Aeoeeiia?iia iauanoai – aeia?iaieueiay i?aaiecaoeey th?eaee/aneeo eeoe
e a?aaeaeai (a o./. e eiino?aiiuo) aeey niaianoiie aeayoaeueiinoe iooai
iauaaeeiaiey eo aeeaaeia e auionea aeoeee ia anth noieiinoue onoaaiiai
oiiaea.

Aeoeeiia?iua iauanoaa iaania/eaatho o?e aaaeiua oeaee:

1.I?eaea/aiea a?aiaiii naiaiaeiuo eaieoaeia aeey i?aaiecaoeee
i?iecaiaenoaa, oiaa?ia e oneoa.

2.

Ioi?ieaiea oaeie no?oeoo?u i?iecaiaenoaa, eioi?ay ?aaioaao
iaiin?aaenoaaiii ia iio?aaeoaey, iaania/eaaao “ia?aeea” aeoeeiia?iuo
eaieoaeia ec io?anee e i?aaei?eyoee iaeiyooaeoeaiuo a aieaa yooaeoeaiua
io?anee.

3.

Oneeaiea iioeaaoeee o?oaea.

Auione aeoeee i?aaei?eyoeai n oeaeueth iiaeeecaoeee aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa
ia iaiyao aai noaoona, oi anoue ia i?aia?acothony
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaua i?ioeaaeo?u: nia?aiea aoaeoueo o/anoieeia,
ii?aaeaeaiea onoaaiiai oiiaea, ?ac?aaioea onoaaa e aai ainoaea?noaaiiay
?aaeno?aoeey.

A caaeneiinoe io oiai, eiio i?eiaaeeaaeao aeoeee, aeoeeiia?iua iauanoaa
iiaoo auoue ainoaea?noaaiiuie, eiiia?aoeaiuie, iauanoaaiiuie,
niaoaiiuie.

Aeoeeiia?iia iauanoai iiaeao nicaeaaaoueny aeey oeaeae oicyenoaaiiie e
eiie aeayoaeueiinoe, ia cai?auaiiie caeiiii. Aeoeeiia?iia iauanoai,
aoaeo/e th?eaee/aneei eeoeii, ai?aaa caeeth/aoue ethaua i?aaeoniio?aiiua
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii naeaeee, naiinoiyoaeueii ?aoaoue aii?inu
i?aaiecaoeee oi?aaeaiey, onoaiiaeaiey oeai ia i?iecaiaeeioth
i?iaeoeoeeth, iieaou o?oaea, ?ani?aaeaeaiey /enoie i?eauee. Iauanoai
iiaeao eiaoue i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoaa, oeeeaeu, o/?aaeaeaoue aei/a?iea
iauanoaa ia i?aaao naiinoiyoaeueiuo eiiia?/aneeo i?aaiecaoeee.

Aeey ?aaeno?aoeee aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa i?aaenoaaeythony neaaeothuea
aeieoiaiou:

– cayaea ia ?aaeno?aoeeth (ienueii o/?aaeeoaeae);

– i?ioieie o/?aaeeoaeueiiai nia?aiey;

– onoaa;

– eaeoaioeeth ia oieaoa nai?a ca ?aaeno?aoeeth, aaee/eia eioi?iai
caaeneo io onoaaiiai eaieoaea.

Iauanoai n ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth (III):

Oaeei i?eciaaony o/?aaeaeaiiia iaeiei eee ianeieueeeie eeoeaie iauanoai,
onoaaiie eaieoae eioi?iai ?acaeaeai ia aeiee, ii?aaeaeaiiua
o/?aaeeoaeueiuie aeieoiaioaie; o/anoieee III ia ioaa/atho ii aai
iaycaoaeuenoaai e ianoo ?ene oauoeia, naycaiiuo n aeayoaeueiinoueth
iauanoaa a i?aaeaeao ?acia?ia (noieiinoe) aianaiiuo eie aeeaaeia.
Onoaaiie eaieoae iauanoaa n ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth ninoaaeyaony
ec noieiinoe aeeaaeia aai o/anoieeia. III ia iaycaii ioaee/iie
ioaaonoaaiiinoueth. Aeaiiay i?aaiaay oi?ia iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaia
n?aaee iaeeeo e n?aaeieo i?aaei?eyoee.

Aeoeeiia?iua iauanoaa nicaeathony aeaoo oeiia – cae?uoea e ioe?uoua.

Aeoeeiia?iia iauanoai, o/anoieeaie eioi?iai iiaoo io/oaeaeaoue
i?eiaaeeaaeauea ei aeoeee aac niaeaney ae?oaeo aeoeeiia?ia, i?eciaaony
ioe?uoui. Oaeia aeoeeiia?iia iauanoai ai?aaa i?iaiaeeoue iiaeieneo ia
auioneaaiua ei aeoeee e eo naiaiaeioth i?iaeaaeo ia oneiaeyo,
onoaiaaeeaaaiuo caeiiii. Ioe?uoia aeoeeiia?iia iauanoai iaycaii
aaeaaiaeii ioaeeeiaaoue aeey anaiauaai naaaeaiey aiaeiaie io/ao,
aooaaeoa?neee aaeain, n/ao i?eaueae e oauoeia.

Aeoeeiia?iia iauanoai, aeoeee eioi?iai ?ani?aaeaeythony oieueei n?aaee
aai o/?aaeeoaeae eee eiiai ca?aiaa ii?aaeaeaiiiai e?oaa eeoe, i?eciaaony
cae?uoui.

Aeoeeiia?iua iauanoaa e iauanoaa n ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth ia
eiatho i?eioeeieaeueiuo ?acee/ee. ?acieoea eeoue a oii, /oi aeoeeiia?iua
iauanoaa oi?ie?otho onoaaiue oiiae iooai auionea aeoeee, aeaaeaeueoeu
eioi?uo iiaoo auoue ca?aiaa iaecaanoiu. Iauanoaa n ia?aie/aiiie
ioaaonoaaiiinoueth nicaeatho oaeie oiiae oieueei ca n/ao iaeueeia. Anee
nouanoaothuea iauanoaa ia/ioo auioneaoue aeoeee, iie i?aa?aoyony a
aeoeeiia?iua iauanoaa. Iiiyoea “ia?aie/aiiay ioaaonoaaiiinoue” icia/aao
, /oi iaeuee ianao ioaaonoaaiiinoue oieueei a ?acia?a naiaai iay. Ia
inoaeueiia aai eiouanoai ioaaonoaaiiinoue ia ?ani?ino?aiyaony, a ioee/ea
io eiiia?aoeaa, /eaiu eioi?iai ioaa/atho ca iaycaoaeuenoaa anai naiei
eiouanoaii.

Aeeaaeu (aeoeee) o/anoieeia aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa (oiaa?euanoaa) n
ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth iiaoo ia?aoiaeeoue io iaeiiai
nianoaaiieea e ae?oaiio oieueei n niaeaney ae?oaeo nianoaaiieeia
(aeoeeiia?ia) a ii?yaeea, i?aaeoniio?aiiii onoaaii.

Aeeaaeu (aeoeee) iauanoaa ioe?uoiai oeia iiaoo ia?aoiaeeoue io iaeiiai
nianoaaiieea e ae?oaiio aac niaeaney aeoeeiia?ia. Aeoeee yoiai iauanoaa
iiaoo naiaiaeii i?iaeaaaoueny.

Aunoei i?aaiii oi?aaeaiey aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa yaeyaony iauaa nia?aiea
aeoeeiia?ia. Iii aeaao aiciiaeiinoue ?aaeeciaaoue i?aai ia oi?aaeaiea
/eaiia III. Eiee/anoai aieinia o/anoieeia ia nia?aiee ii?aaeaeyaony
i?iii?oeeiiaeueii ?acia?o eo aeieae a onoaaiii eaieoaea.

I?AEIOUANOAA:

– aiciiaeiinoue iiaeeecaoeee aieueoeo oeiainiauo ?ano?nia;

– aiciiaeiinoue auno?iai ia?aeeaa oeiainiauo n?aaenoa ec iaeiie io?anee
a ae?oaoth;

– i?aai naiaiaeiie ia?aaea/e e i?iaeaaee aeoeee, iaania/eaathuaa
nouanoaiaaiea eiiiaiee, iacaaeneii io eciaiaiey ninoaaa aeoeeiia?ia;

– ia?aie/aiiay ioaaonoaaiiinoue aeoeeiia?ia;

– ?acaeaeaiea ooieoeee aeaaeaiey e oi?aaeaiey.

4.3. NIAIANOIUA I?AAeI?EssOEss.

Iiae eiino?aiiuie eiaanoeoeeyie iiieiathony ana aeaeu eiouanoaaiiuo e
eioaeeaeooaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, aeeaaeuaaaiua a i?aaei?eyoea n oeaeueth
iieo/aiey i?eauee. Eiino?aiiua eiaanoi?u ai?aaa i?eieiaoue aeaeiaia
o/anoea a i?aaei?eyoeyo, nicaeaaaaiuo niaianoii n th?eaee/aneeie eeoeaie
e a?aaeaeaiaie ia oa??eoi?ee ?O, a oaeaea nicaeaaaoue i?aaei?eyoey,
iieiinoueth i?eiaaeeaaeauea eiino?aiiui eiaanoi?ai.

I?aaei?eyoea n eiino?aiiuie eiaanoeoeeyie nicaeathony e aeaenoaotho a
oi?ia aeoeeiia?iuo e ae?oaeo oicyenoaaiiuo iauanoa e oiaa?euanoa,
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo caeiiii ia oa??eoi?ee ?O.

Niaianoiia i?aaei?eyoea iiaeao auoue nicaeaii eeai iooai aai
o/?aaeaeaiey, eeai a ?acoeueoaoa i?eia?aoaiey eiino?aiiui eiaanoi?ii
aeiee o/anoey (iay, aeoeee) a ?aiaa o/?aaeaeaiiii i?aaei?eyoee aac
eiino?aiiuo eiaanoeoeee eee i?eia?aoaiey oaeiai i?aaei?eyoey
iieiinoueth.

O/?aaeeoaeueiua aeieoiaiou i?aaei?eyoee n eiino?aiiuie eiaanoeoeeyie
aeieaeiu ii?aaeaeyoue i?aaeiao e oeaee aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey,
ninoaa o/anoieeia, ?acia? e ii?yaeie oi?ie?iaaiey onoaaiiai oiiaea,
?acia? aeieae o/anoieeia, no?oeoo?o, ninoaa e ii?yaeie i?eiyoey ?aoaiee,
ia?a/aiue aii?inia, o?aaothueo aaeeiiaeaney, ii?yaeie eeeaeaeaoeee
i?aaei?eyoey.

Aeeaaeu a onoaaiie oiiae ioeaieaathony o/anoieeaie ia iniiaa oeai
ie?iaiai ?uiea. I?e ionoonoaee oaeeo oeai noieiinoue aeeaaeia
ii?aaeaeyaony ii aeiaiai?aiiinoe o/anoieeia.

Aeey ?aaeno?aoeee niaianoiiai i?aaei?eyoey i?aaeinoaaeythony
neaaeothuea aeieoiaiou:

– ienueiaiiia cayaeaiea o/?aaeeoaeae i ?aaeno?aoeee;

– caeeth/aiea niioaaonoaothueo yenia?oec;

– iioa?eaeueii caaa?aiiuo aeaoo eiiee o/?aaeeoaeueiuo aeieoiaioia
(o/?aaeeoaeueiue aeiaiai?);

– iioa?eaeueii caaa?aiioth eiieth ?aoaiey nianoaaiieea eiouanoaa i
nicaeaiee i?aaei?eyoey eee eiiee ?aoaiey oiieiiii/aiiiai ei i?aaia, a
oaeaea iioa?eaeueii caaa?aiiuo eiiee o/?aaeeoaeueiuo aeieoiaioia aeey
eaaeaeiai o/anoieea n ?inneeneie noi?iiu;

– aeieoiaio i ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe eiino?aiiiai eiaanoi?a, auaeaiiiai
ianeoaeeaathuei aai aaiea eee eiui e?aaeeoii-oeiainiaui o/?aaeaeaieai;

– auienea ec oi?aiaiai ?aano?a no?aiu i?ienoiaeaeaiey eee ae?oaiai
yeaeaaeaioiiai aeieacaoaeuenoaa th?eaee/aneiai noaoona eiino?aiiiai
eiaanoi?a a niioaaonoaee n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii no?aiu aai
ianoiiaoiaeaeaiey;

I?aaei?eyoey n eiino?aiiuie eiaanoi?aie ai?aaa inouanoaeyoue ethaua
aeaeu aeayoaeueiinoe, ia cai?auaiiua caeiiii. Iaeioi?ua aeaeu
aeayoaeueiinoe o?aaotho iieo/aiey eeoeaicee, iai?eia?, no?aoiaia e
aaieianeia aeaei.

Niaianoiua i?aaei?eyoey eiatho i?aai nicaeaaaoue aei/a?iea
i?aaei?eyoey, oeeeaeu e i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoaa eae ia oa??eoi?ee ?O, oae e
ca ?oaaaeii.

Eiino?aiiua eiaanoi?u e i?aaei?eyoey iaaeaeythony caieae, eiatho i?aai
a?aiaeiaaoue eiouanoai, i?eia?aoaoue aeieth o/anoey, aeoeee e eiua
oeaiiua aoiaae ia oiiaeiauo ae?aeao, o/anoaiaaoue a ae?aeaauo naeaeeao a
ii?yaeea e ia oneiaeyo, onoaiiaeaiiuo caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii. Eiino?aiiua
eiaanoi?u iiaoo o/anoaiaaoue a i?eaaoecaoeee ainoaea?noaaiiuo e
ioieoeeiaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee ia oa??eoi?ee ?O.

Eiino?aiiua a?aaeaeaia iiaoo aoiaeeoue a i?aai oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoey
ia oneiaeyo, ii?aaeaeyaiuo eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuie aeiaiai?aie.

Eeeaeaeaoeey i?aaei?eyoey n eiino?aiiuie eiaanoeoeeyi inouanoaeyaony a
ii?yaeea, onoaiiaeaiiii caeiiii e a no?iaii niioaaonoaee n onoaaii. Anee
i?aaei?eyoea ii enoa/aiee aiaea iinea ?aaeno?aoeee ia iiaeoaa?aeeo
aianaiea ia iaiaa 50 i?ioeaioia oeacaiiuo a onoaaiuo aeieoiaioao noii
aeeaaea, i?aai ca?aaeno?e?iaaaoee i?aaei?eyoea, i?eciaao aai
ianinoiyaoeiny e i?eieiaao ?aoaiea i eeeaeaeaoeee. I?aaei?eyoea
n/eoaaony eeeaeaee?iaaiiui n iiiaioa ooaa?aeaeaiey aeoa eeeaeaeaoeeiiiie
eiiennee, i /ai aeieaeii auoue niiauaii a ia/aoe.

V. Aeoeee e iaeeaaoeee eiiiaiee.

Aeoeeiia?iua eiiiaiee ioe?uoiai oeia (iauanoaaiiua eiiiaiee) niae?atho
iooai i?iaeaaee aeoeee e iaeeaaoeee. Iieo/aiea oaeei ia?acii aeaiueae
iai?aaeythony ia i?eia?aoaiea caeaiee, iai?oaeiaaiey e iaoa?eaeia,
iaiaoiaeeiuo eiiiaiee aeey aaaeaiey aeae.

Nouanoaotho aeaa iniiaiuo aeaea aeoeee, a aioo?e eaaeaeiai aeaea anoue
?aciiaeaeiinoue:

I?eaeeaae?iaaiiua aeoeee:

Aeaaeaeueoeu yoeo aeoeee, eae aeaeii ec iacaaiey, iaeeaeatho e naaa
iniaiai ioiioaiey. Iie eiatho i?aai iieo/aoue i?eauee i?aaeaea, /ai
aeaaeaeueoeu anao inoaeueiuo aeoeee. Ii i?eaeeaae?iaaiiui aeoeeyi, eae
i?aaeei, auiea/eaaaony oeene?iaaiiay ii?ia i?eauee.

Iaeiaei aeaaeaeueoeu i?eaeeaae?iaaiiuo aeoeee ia eiatho i?aai aieina ia
aaeaaiaeiuo nia?aieyo aeoeeiia?ia. Oai ia iaiaa eo iiaoo i?eaeaneoue
i?iaieiniaaoue, eiaaea o eiiiaiee iao aiciiaeiinoe auiea/eaaoue
aeeaeaeaiaeu ii oaeei aeoeeyi.

I?eaeeaae?iaaiiua aeoeee ia iiaoo auoue auiouaia ia noiio, i?aauoathuoth
10 i?ioeaioia onoaaiiai oiiaea aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa.

Iau/iua aeoeee:

Aeaaeaeueoeu oaeeo aeoeee ?eneotho a iaeaieueoae noaiaie, eae o ieo iao
aa?aioe?iaaiiiai aeioiaea e iie aeaeoo naiae aeieae i?eauee. Ei
auiea/eaaaony oi, /oi inoaaony iinea ?ani?aaeaeaiey i?eauee n?aaee anao
ae?oaeo i?aoaiaeaioia.

Eiaiii iiyoiio, /oi aeaaeaeueoeu yoeo aeoeee ?eneotho aieueoa anao, iie
eiatho i?aai aieiniaaoue ia iauai aaeaaiaeiii nia?aiee aeoeeiia?ia. O
ieo anoue aiciiaeiinoue caiaieoue oi?aaeythueo eiiiaieae, a iaeioi?uo
neo/ayo aeaaea iieeoeeo anae eiiiaiee. Eaaeaeay iau/iay aeoeey aeaao aa
aea?aeaoaeth iaeei aiein i?e oi?aaeaiee iauanoaii.

Iaeeaaoeee:

Ia?yaeo n aeoeeyie eiiiaiee auioneatho e iaeeaaoeee. Iaeeaaoeee – yoi
aeieoiaio, oaeinoiaa?ythuee i?aaeinoaaeaiea eiiiaiee e?aaeeoa.

N?aaenoaa iieo/aiiua iooai auionea iaeeaaoeee, iacuaathony caaiiuie
eaieoaeii.

A ioee/ea io aeoeeiia?ia, aeaaeaeueoeu iaeeaaoeee ia yaeythony
nianoaaiieeaie eiiiaiee. Aeaaeaeaoe iaeeaaoeee iieo/aao oeene?iaaiiue
i?ioeaio, eioi?ue aeieaeai aio auieaoeoueny, ia niio?y ia oi, iieo/aao
ee eiiiaiey i?eaueue eee iao.

Iaeioi?ua aeaeu iaeeaaoeee aa?aioe?othony nianoaaiiinoueth eiiiaiee.
Yoi icia/aao, /oi a neo/aa ioeaca eiiiaiee auieaoeoue iaiaoiaeeioth
noiio ii iaeeaaoeeyi aa aeaaeaeaoe eiaao i?aai i?aoaiaeiaaoue ia
iaeioi?oth aeieth aeoeaia eiiiaiee e i?iaeaaaoue eo aeey aiciauaiey
naieo n?aaenoa. Iaeeaaoeee oaeiai ?iaea iacuaathony aa?aioe?iaaiiuie.

A iineaaeiaa a?aiy a ie?iaie yeiiiie/aneie i?aeoeea ?ani?ino?aiaiea
iieo/eee oae iacuaaaiua eiiaa?oe?oaiua iaeeaaoeee, eioi?ua iiaoo auoue
iaiaiaiu ia aeoeee. A oae aea iaeeaaoeee iiaoo auoue eiaiiuie e ia
i?aaeuyaeoaey.

VI. Eiiia?aoeau.

Nouanoaoao aeaa aeaea eiiia?aoeaiuo iauanoa: ?aai/ea eiiia?aoeau (eee
eiiia?aoeau i?iecaiaeeoaeae) e iio?aaeoaeueneea eiiia?aoeau (eiiia?aoeau
?icie/iuo oi?aiaoeaa).

?AAI*EA EIIIA?AOEAU:

Yoi aeia?iaieueiia iauaaeeiaiea a?aaeaeai ia iniiaa /eainoaa aeey
niaianoiie i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe, iniiaaiiie ia eo ee/iii
o?oaeiaii e eiii o/anoee e iauaaeeiaiee aai /eaiaie (o/anoieeaie
eiouanoaaiiuo iaaauo aciinia). ?aai/ea eiiia?aoeau yaeythony
eiiia?/aneie i?aaiecaoeeae.

O/?aaeeoaeueiui aeieoiaioii ?aai/eo eiiia?aoeaia yaeyaony aai onoaa,
ooaa?aeaeaaiue iauei nia?aieai aai /eaiia. *enei /eaiia eiiia?aoeaia ia
aeieaeii auoue iaiueoa iyoe. Eiouanoai, iaoiaeyuaany a nianoaaiiinoe
?aai/eo eiiia?aoeaia, aeaeeony ia iae aai /eaiia a niioaaonoaee n
onoaaii eiiia?aoeaa. Eiiia?aoea ia ai?aaa auioneaoue aeoeee. *eai
eiiia?aoeaa eiaao iaeei aiein i?e i?eiyoee ?aoaiee iauei iooai. I?eaueue
aeaeeoueny iaaeaeo ?aaioieeai a niioaaonoaee n onoaiiaeaiiui
niaeaoaieai.

A ia/aea XX aaea a Aaeeeia?eoaiee nouanoaiaaei ieiei 200 ?aai/eo
eiiia?aoeaia. Eo ?aoeoaeueii iiaeaea?aeeaaee eiiia?aoeau ?icie/iue
oi?aiaoeaa, i?eia?aoaaoeo aieueooth /anoue i?iaeoeoeee yoeo
eiiia?aoeaia. E ia/aeo 60-o aiaeia ec /enei nie?aoeeinue aei o?eaeoeaoe,
Aieueoeinoai i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo eiiia?aoeaia nio?aieeenue a ia/aoiii
aeaea, oeouea iaeaaeaeu e iaoae.

Oniaoiuie ?aai/ea eiiia?aoeau ieacaeenue a Eniaiee e O?aioeee.

IIO?AAEOAEUeNEEA EIIIA?AOEAU:

Aeaaeaeueoeaie eiiia?aoeaaie yoiai oeia yaeyaony nianoaaiii iio?aaeoaee
– oa ethaee, eioi?ua iieoiatho oiaa?u, a ia i?iecaiaeyo eo.

Ia?aia iauanoai ?icie/iuo oi?aiaoeaa auei nicaeaii a a.?i/aeaeue a
1844a. a?oiiie aaaeiuo oea/ae, iniiaaaoeo iaaieueoie iaaacei.

Iniiaiua i?eioeeiu eiiia?aoeaiuo iauanoa neaaeothuea:

1. Ioe?uoia /eainoai:I?aaeaea /eneaiiinoe a eiiia?aoeaiii iauanoaa iao,
eaaeaeue iiaeao aieoe a eiiia?aoea e aueoe ec iaai a ethaie iiiaio.

2. ?ani?aaeaeaiea i?eauee:

Iiiaea aiaeu /eaiu eiiia?aoeaia iieo/aee ?aaoey?ii aeeaeaeaiaeu
iaee/iuie. ?acia? aeeaeaeaiaeia ii?aaeaeyaony noiiie n?aaenoa,
i?eianaiiuo a eiiia?aoea.

3. Auieaoa i?ioeaioa ia

aeoeeiia?iue eaieoae:

*eaiu eiiia?aoeaia iieo/atho oeene?iaaiiue i?ioeaio ia naie aeoeeiia?iue
eaieoae.

Oi?aaeaiea eiiia?aoeaii inouanoaeyaony eiieoaoii – iau/ii yoi neoaeauea.
Niaiauathuea yoo ?aaioo n ae?oaie. Iie auae?athony /eaiaie eiiia?aoeaa.
Oaeouoth ?aaioo eiiia?aoeaa aaaeoo oi?aaeythuea. Caiyoua caeanue iieiue
?aai/ee aeaiue, iacia/aiiua /eaiaie auai?iiai eiieoaoa.

O?aaeeoeeiiii eiiia?aoeaiua iauanoaa n/eoaee naay /ai oi aieueoei, /ai
i?inoi iniaie oi?iie i?aaiecaoeee aeciana.

VII. Ainoaea?noaaiiua i?aaei?eyoey

(ioaee/iua ei?ii?aoeee).

Iiae neiaii “i?aaeoaeuenoai” iiae?acoiaaathony e ianoiua aeanoe, e
oeaio?aeueiia i?aaeoaeuenoai.

Ainoaea?noai – e?oiiaeoee ?aaioiaeaoaeue, iiyoiio aai aeioiaeu e
?anoiaeu iaiiiai i?aauoatho aeioiaeu e?oiiaeoeo eiiiaiee n ia?aie/aiiie
ioaaonoaaiiinoueth.

Iiiaea i?aaei?eyoey iauanoaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe, eae e /anoiua oe?iu,
i?iaeatho oi, /oi iie i?iecaiaeyo. Iaeaieaa ecaanoiua i?eia?u oaeiai
?iaea – yoi iaoeeiiaeece?iaaiiua io?anee, iai?eia?: aeiau/a oaey,
i?iecaiaenoai yeaeo?iyia?aee e aeaeaciiaei?iaeiue o?ainii?o. Yoeie
i?aaei?eyoeyie oi?aaeytho ioaee/iua ei?ii?aoeee.

Nianoaaiiinoue:

Ioaee/iay ei?ii?aoeey yaeyaony oi?iie i?aaiecaoeee aeciana. Yoa oi?ia
i?eiaiyaony aeey oi?aaeaiey iaoeeiiaeece?iaaiiuie io?aneyie.

Iiaeiaii eiiiaieyi n ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth, iie
i?aaenoaaeytho niaie th?eaee/aneea eeoea, iaeiaei a ioee/ea io ieo ia
yaeythony aeaaeaeueoeaie aeoeee. Ioaee/iua ei?ii?aoeee i?eiaaeeaaeao
ainoaea?noao. A aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe iie i?eiaaeeaaeao anai a?aaeaeaiai
no?aiu.

Oi?aaeaiea:

Aeaenoaoao niaao oi?aaeythueo. Ia ia?aue acaeyae, o ?oeiaiaeeoaeae yoeo
ei?ii?aoeee oa aea iaycaiiinoe, /oi e o aee?aeoi?ia eiiiaiee. Aaaeiaeoaa
?acee/ea ninoieo a oii, eae iie iiiaaeatho ia ?oeiaiaeyuea aeieaeiinoe.

A ioaee/iuo ei?ii?aoeeyo iie iacia/athony ieieno?ii aioo?aiieo aeae,
oiaaea eae a eiiiaieyo n ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth ec auae?atho
aeoeeiia?u.

Oi?aaeythuea ioaee/iuo ei?ii?aoeee ?oeiaiaeyo oaeouae ?aaioie
i?aaei?eyoee, ii ioaa/atho ia?aae i?aaeoaeuenoaii, a ia ia?aae nia?aiea
aeoeeiia?ia. Ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca eo ?aaioo ianao ainoaea?noaaiiue
ieieno?. Iai?eia?, ieieno? yia?aaoeee ioaa/aao ca ninoiyieai aeiau/e
oaey a no?aia, ieieno? o?ainii?oa – ca aeaeaciiaei?iaeiua eeiee.

Oeiainu:

Oae eae a ioaee/iuo ei?ii?aoeeyo iao aeoeeiia?ia, oi oaeay i?aaiecaoeey
ia iiaeao nia?aoue eaieoae iooai auionea aeoeee. A iaeioi?uo no?aiao iie
iieo/atho aeieain?i/iua caeiu iaiin?aaenoaaiii io i?aaeoaeuenoaa, a
e?aoein?i/iua – ec aaieia. Iaeioi?ua ioaee/iua ei?ii?aoeee iieo/atho
caeiu ec-ca ?oaaaea. Ainoaea?noai eiiiaine?oao ana ?anoiaeu, a oii /enea
e oauoee ioaee/iuo ei?ii?aoeee.

Ioaee/iua ei?ii?aoeee iaycaiu aaeaaiaeii i?aaeinoaaeyoue io/aou i
aeayoaeueiinoe e aaeain aeioiaeia e ?anoiaeia. Yoe aeieoiaiou
?anniao?eaathony i?aaeoaeuenoaii.

Oeaee:

Anee iniiaiie caaea/ae aeayoaeueiinoe eiiiaiee n ia?aie/aiiie
ioaaonoaaiiinoueth yaeyaony iieo/aiea i?eauee, oi oeaee ioaee/iuo
ei?ii?aoeee nianai ae?oaea. I?aaeiieaaaaony, /oi ?aaioay a
iaoeeiiaeece?iaaiiuo io?aneyo, iie aoaeoo, ii e?aeiae ia?a,
naiiieoiaaiuie i?aaei?eyoeyie, oi anoue ia aoaeoo ianoe iinoiyiiuo
oauoeia. Eo iniiaiay caaea/a – ?aaioaoue aeey iauaai aeaaa. Yoi
icia/aao, /oi oi?aaeythuea aeieaeiu aanoe aeaei oae, /oiau iii auei
iaeneiaeueii yooaeoeaii a eioa?anao anaai iauanoaa, anae no?aiu.

Ioaee/iua ei?ii?aoeee aeieaeiu a cia/eoaeueii aieueoae ia?a caaioeoueny
i nioeeaeueiuo iineaaenoaeyo naiae aeayoaeueiinoe, /ai eiiiaiee n
ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth. Iai?eia?, ei?ii?aoeey
aeaeaciiaei?iaeiuo eeiee ia aeieaeia aeiionoeoue cae?uoey aeaeaciie
aei?iae a ioaeaeaiiuo naeueneeo ?aeiiao, yoi iiaeao iieiinoueth eeoeoue
ianoiuo aeeoaeae aaaeiaeoae o?ainii?oiie oneoae.

Naaiaeiyoiyy iieeoeea i?aaeoaeuenoaa ninoiei a oii, /oiau
eiiiaine?iaaoue oauoee a oao aeaeao oneoa, eioi?ua eiatho aaaeiia
nioeeaeueiia cia/aiea.

Ioieoeeiaeueiua i?aaei?eyoey:

Ianoiua i?aaiu aeanoe oaeaea o/anoaotho a oi?aaeaiee i?aaei?eyoeyie.
Iaeaieaa ecaanoiui i?eia?ii a yoie iaeanoe iiaoo neoaeeoue ai?iaeneea
aaoiaoniua ia?aaicee, ca eioi?ua ioaa/atho ianoiua aeanoe a
ioiineoaeueii e?oiiuo ai?iaeao.

Oaeea aeaeu ai?iaeneeo oneoa, eae ieaaaoaeueiua aannaeiu, ieiuaaeee
aeey ea? e ae?oaea aeaeu oneoa, i?aaeeaaathony e ?aaeecothony ca
aeaiueae ianoiuie aeanoyie.

Iaeioi?ua iiaeiaiua aeaeu oneoa oeiaine?othony ec athaeaeaoa,
iineieueeo oeaiu ia ieo ia eiiiaine?otho ?aaeueiuo cao?ao.

NIENIE ENIIEUeCOAIIE EEOA?AOO?U.

1. Iiae ?aaeaeoeeae Ineiiaa TH.I. – “Iniiau i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie
aeayoaeueiinoe”, Iineaa, 92a.

2. Noyieaee Aeae.O – “Yeiiiieen aeey ia/eiathueo”, Iineaa, 1994a.

3. Eyiiaaee ?.Iaeeiiiaee, Noaiee E.A?th – “Yeiiiieen”, Iineaa, 1996a.

4. Iiae ?aaeaeoeeae Aoeaoiaa A.N. – O/aaiee ii eo?no “Yeiiiie/aneay
oai?ey”, 2-a ecaeaiea, Iineaa, 1997a.

5. Iiae ?aaeaeoeeae Ia?ooiiaa A.I., Ni?ieeia A.I. – “Nai?iee
i?aaei?eieiaoaey”, /anoue 1, Iineaa, IIII “?EAe-7”, 1992a.

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