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Бизнес-план производства технического углерода (сажи) (и газообразного водорода)

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NIAeA?AEAIEA

TOC \o “1-3” 1. OI?IOEE?IAEA OeAEE GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946867
PAGEREF _Toc374946867 2

1.1. Oeaeue eiaanoeoeee GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946868 PAGEREF
_Toc374946868 2

1.2. Iniiaiua nieniieieoaee GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946869 PAGEREF
_Toc374946869 2

1.3. Iniiaiua oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneea aeaiiua. GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946870
PAGEREF _Toc374946870 2

1.4. Iauea aeaiiua GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946871 PAGEREF _Toc374946871
2

1.5. Ioeaiea ?uiea. GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946872 PAGEREF _Toc374946872
2

1.6. Aiciiaeiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946873 PAGEREF
_Toc374946873 3

1.7. Oeiainiaua iieacaoaee (ni. ?acaeae 8) GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946874
PAGEREF _Toc374946874 3

2. E?AOEAss OA?AEOA?ENOEEA I?AAeI?EssOEss, I?AAeNOAAEssTHUAAI I?IAEO
GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946875 PAGEREF _Toc374946875 3

2.1. I?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaay oi?ia i?aaei?eyoey GOTOBUTTON
_Toc374946876 PAGEREF _Toc374946876 3

2.2. I?iecaiaenoaaiiay oa?aeoa?enoeea IEE Oeie/aneiai iaoeiino?iaiey
GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946877 PAGEREF _Toc374946877 3

2.3. No?oeoo?a iniiaiuo oiiaeia GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946878 PAGEREF
_Toc374946878 3

2.4. Iniiaaiea aeey ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoa GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946879
PAGEREF _Toc374946879 3

3. AIAEEC IO?ANEE GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946880 PAGEREF _Toc374946880
3

4. IIENAIEA I?IAEOA GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946881 PAGEREF _Toc374946881
4

4.1. Oieeaeueiinoue i?iaeoa GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946882 PAGEREF
_Toc374946882 4

4.2. Ni/aoaiea oaeoi?ia, niinianoaothueo inouanoaeaieth i?iaeoa
GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946883 PAGEREF _Toc374946883 4

4.2.1. Aiaoieo GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946884 PAGEREF _Toc374946884 5

4.2.2. Aioo?aiieo GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946885 PAGEREF _Toc374946885 5

4.3. Oaoie/aneay nouiinoue i?iaeoa GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946886
PAGEREF _Toc374946886 5

4.4. Yenii?o GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946887 PAGEREF _Toc374946887 5

4.5. ?aciauaiea i?iecaiaenoaa GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946888 PAGEREF
_Toc374946888 6

4.6. Yeieiae/aneay ioeaiea GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946889 PAGEREF
_Toc374946889 6

4.7. ?enee i?iaeoa ii noaaeeyi e ia?u eo nieaeaiey GOTOBUTTON
_Toc374946890 PAGEREF _Toc374946890 6

5. I?IECAIAeNOAAIIUE I?IOeANN GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946891 PAGEREF
_Toc374946891 6

5.1. Ioaeaeaiea iiaeaioiaee oaoiieiae/aneeo aacia e nu?uey. GOTOBUTTON
_Toc374946892 PAGEREF _Toc374946892 6

5.2. Ioaeaeaiea ie?ieeca. GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946893 PAGEREF
_Toc374946893 7

5.3. Ioaeaeaiea auaeaeaiey, eiioeaio?e?iaaiey, a?aioeyoeee e oiaeiaee
oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea (naaee). GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946894 PAGEREF
_Toc374946894 7

5.4. Ioaeaeaiea auaeaeaiey, eiii?aie?iaaiey e i/enoee aiaei?iaea.
GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946895 PAGEREF _Toc374946895 7

6. IEAI IA?EAOEIAA. GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946896 PAGEREF _Toc374946896
7

6.1. Oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey ?uiea oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea. GOTOBUTTON
_Toc374946897 PAGEREF _Toc374946897 7

6.2. ?aaioa n eiieo?aioaie. GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946898 PAGEREF
_Toc374946898 8

6.3. ?aeeaia. GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946899 PAGEREF _Toc374946899 8

7. I?AAIECAOeEIIIUE IEAI. GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946900 PAGEREF
_Toc374946900 8

7.1. Oi?ia nianoaaiiinoe – niaoaiiay. GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946901
PAGEREF _Toc374946901 8

7.2. Aeoeeiia?iue eaieoae. GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946902 PAGEREF
_Toc374946902 8

8. OEIAINIAI-YEIIIIE*ANEAss *ANOUe. GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946903
PAGEREF _Toc374946903 8

8.1 Iauea caia/aiey. GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946904 PAGEREF _Toc374946904
8

8.2 Iauai i?iecaiaenoaa e ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee. GOTOBUTTON
_Toc374946905 PAGEREF _Toc374946905 8

8.3. Ii?yaeie ii?aaeaeaiey noieiinoiuo iieacaoaeae. GOTOBUTTON
_Toc374946906 PAGEREF _Toc374946906 9

8.4. Eiaeaenu eioeyoeee. GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946907 PAGEREF
_Toc374946907 9

8.5. Iio?aaeyaiua nu?uea e iaoa?eaeu aeey i?iecaiaenoaa. GOTOBUTTON
_Toc374946908 PAGEREF _Toc374946908 9

8.6. Iio?aaeyaiua yia?ai?ano?nu aeey i?iecaiaenoaa. GOTOBUTTON
_Toc374946909 PAGEREF _Toc374946909 9

8.7. Oiiae iieaou o?oaea ?aaioathueo ia i?iecaiaenoaa. GOTOBUTTON
_Toc374946910 PAGEREF _Toc374946910 10

8.8. Iaeiaiiaeiaeaiea. GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946911 PAGEREF
_Toc374946911 10

8.9. No?oeoo?a naaanoieiinoe i?iaeoeoeee (ii yeiiiie/aneei yeaiaioai) a
oeene?iaaiiuo oeaiao. GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946912 PAGEREF
_Toc374946912 11

8.10. ?acia? e ?ani?aaeaeaiea eiaanoeoeeiiiuo ecaea?aeae. GOTOBUTTON
_Toc374946913 PAGEREF _Toc374946913 12

8.11. Iniiaiua oiiaeu e aii?oecaoeeiiiua io/eneaiey. GOTOBUTTON
_Toc374946914 PAGEREF _Toc374946914 12

8.12. Enoi/ieee oeiaine?iaaiey. GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946915 PAGEREF
_Toc374946915 12

8.13. Iniiaiua oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneea iieacaoaee i?iaeoa. GOTOBUTTON
_Toc374946916 PAGEREF _Toc374946916 13

8.14. Auaiaeu e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee. GOTOBUTTON _Toc374946917 PAGEREF
_Toc374946917 14

1. OI?IOEE?IAEA OeAEE

1.1. Oeaeue eiaanoeoeee

Oeaeueth eiaanoeoeeiiiiai iainiiaaiey yaeyaony nicaeaiea a ?O iiaiai
yooaeoeaiiai i?iecaiaenoaa oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea (naaee) a eiiia?/aneeo
oeaeyo e aaciia?aciiai aiaei?iaea ii iiaie yeieiae/anee aaciianiie e
aieaa aeaoaaie oaoiieiaee aeoaieiai ie?ieeca i?e?iaeiiai aaca n
iineaaeothuei iaeeaeaieai aiaei?iaea n oeaeueth iaania/aiey eniuoaiee
eenei?iaeii-aiaei?iaeiuo AE?Ae ii i?ia?aiia “Aiaa?a”.

Aiaae?aiea iiaie oaoiieiaee iicaieeo iaania/eoue iio?aaiinoe a aeeaeeii
aiaei?iaea i?e iaeiia?aiaiiii cia/eoaeueiii nieaeaiee eaieoaeueiuo
cao?ao e iaania/aiee ieoiaaiinoe i?iaeoa ca n/ao ?aaeecaoeee
aeaoeoeeoiiai nu?ueth – oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea.

1.2. Iniiaiua nieniieieoaee

No?ieoaeuenoai inouanoaeyao aaiiiae?yaeiay i?aaiecaoeey “Niaoeno?ie”,
niaianoii n IEEOEIIAO, auiieiythuei ooieoeee caeac/eea.

CAI “Neiieac” iaania/eaaao ?ac?aaioeo aee?aeoeaiie oaoiieiaee i?ioeanna,
aaoi?neee iaaeci? ca ?ac?aaioeie e ?aaeecaoeeae oaoiieiae/aneie /anoe
i?iaeoa, ?ac?aaioeo e iinoaaeo oaoiieiae/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey, aaoi?neee
iaaeci? ca iiioaaeii e ioneiiaeaaei/iuie ?aaioaie.

AI “Ei?iiaoi?ii” auiieiyao aaia?aeueiia i?iaeoe?iaaiea eiiieaena e
inouanoaeyao aaoi?neee iaaeci? ca no?ieoaeuenoaii.

1.3. Iniiaiua oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneea aeaiiua.

Aiaeiaay i?ia?aiia auionea i?iaeoeoeee (i?iecaiaenoaaiiay iiuiinoue)
i?iaeoe?oaiiai eiiieaena ninoaaeyao:

oaoie/aneee oaea?iae 13000.0 o/aiae (1.7 o//an)

aiaei?iae aaciia?aciue 16.0 iei. eoa. i (2000 eoa. i//an)

Iniiaiie eaieoae a oeene?iaaiiuo oeaiao ia 01.04.96 a. ninoaaeyao
177.000 iei. ?oa,a oii /enea:

noieiinoue no?ieoaeuenoaa iiauo iauaeoia (eiaanoeoeeiiiua aeiaeaiey) –
75.000 iei. ?oa.,

i?e yoii noieiinoue iai?oaeiaaiey ninoaaeo – (37.000 iei. ?oa.)

aaeainiaay noieiinoue nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa IEEOEIIAO aeey ?aciauaiey
i?iecaiaenoaa oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea 2.000 iei.?oa.

i?aaei?iecaiaenoaaiiua ?anoiaeu (noieiinoue eeoeaicee ia nicaeaiea
i?iecaiaenoaa) 100.000 iei. ?oa.

No?ieoaeuenoai caaiaea i?aaeiieaaaaony caaa?oeoue a oa/aiea aeaoo eao e
aanoe a aeaa i/a?aaee:

1-y i/a?aaeue – no?ieoaeuenoai iauaeoia ii i?iecaiaenoao oaoie/aneiai

oaea?iaea, n?ie 1 aiae.

2-y i/a?aaeue – no?ieoaeuenoai iauaeoia ii i?iecaiaenoao aaciia?aciiai

aiaei?iaea (n?ie 2 aiaea ia?aeeaeueii 1- ie i/a?aaee).

N?ie ieoiaaiinoe eaieoaeueiuo cao?ao a oeene?iaaiiuo oeaiao ninoaaeo 3.8
aiaea io ia/aea no?ieoaeuenoaa. Oeiaine?iaaiea – oeaeaaie e?aaeeo n
o/aoii eioeyoeee – 148331 iei. ?oa.

1.4. Iauea aeaiiua

Iacaaiea i?aaei?eyoey: IEEOEIIAO

I?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaay oi?ia: Ainoaea?noaaiiia i?aaei?eyoea

Iaeiaiiaaiea i?iaeoa: “Nicaeaiea eiiieaena ii nicaeaieth aiaei?iaea e
oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea (naaee) ie?ieecii i?e?iaeiiai aaca”

Noiia eiaanoeoeeiiiuo cao?ao:

a oeene?iaaiiuo oeaiao 177.000 iei. ?oa.

a oii /enea

noiia nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa: 2000 iei. ?oa.

(noieiinoue eeoeaicee ia i?iecaiaenoaa): 100 000 iei.?oa.

Oi?ia o/anoey EIAANOI?A a e?aaeeo i?iaeoa: ii?aaeaeyaony i?e
?anniio?aiee “Eiaanoeoeeiiiiai iainiiaaiey”.

1.5. Ioeaiea ?uiea.

Oeaia nu?uey: i?e?iaeiue aac 269.9 ?oa./eoa. i

Oeaia ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoa: aiaei?iae 4500 ?oa./eoa. i

Iauai nauoa: 16.0 iei. eoa. i/aiae

a noieiinoiii au?aaeaiee: 73000 iei. ?oa./aiae

Oaoie/aneee oaea?iae 7.5 iei. ?oa. /1o

iauai nauoa 13000 o/aiae

a noieiinoiii au?aaeaiee: 97500 iei. ?oa./aiae

1.6. Aiciiaeiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa

Noieiinoue aiiaue aaiaeeiuo iniiaiuo n?aaenoa 75000 iei. ?oa.

Eiee/anoai ?aaioathueo, anaai 71 /ae.

a oii /enea:

?aai/eo 55 /ae.

neoaeaueo 10 /ae.

EO? 6 /ae.

1.7. Oeiainiaua iieacaoaee (ni. ?acaeae 8)

2. E?AOEAss OA?AEOA?ENOEEA I?AAeI?EssOEss, I?AAeNOAAEssTHUAAI I?IAEO

2.1. I?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaay oi?ia i?aaei?eyoey

Iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneee einoeooo oeie/aneiai iaoeiino?iaiey
(IEEOEIIAO) ainoaea?noaaiiia i?aaei?eyoea, yaeythuaany Oaaea?aeueiie
nianoaaiiinoueth ?EA.

2.2. I?iecaiaenoaaiiay oa?aeoa?enoeea IEE Oeie/aneiai iaoeiino?iaiey

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy IEEOEIIAO inouanoaeyao:

eniuoaiey e iinoaaeo caeac/eeai aeeaeeinoiuo ?aeaoiuo aeaeaaoaeae
?acee/iie oyae;

ecaioiaeaiea i?iaeoeoeee aeey iaaeeoeeineie i?iiuoeaiiinoe.

2.3. No?oeoo?a iniiaiuo oiiaeia

Iniiaiua oiiaeu IEE Oeie/aneiai iaoeiino?iaiey aeeth/atho a naay:

i?iecaiaenoaaiiua iiuiinoe aeey eniuoaiee ecaeaeee ?aeaoiie oaoieee;

eenei?iaeiue e aiaei?iaeiue caaiaeu;

i?iecaiaenoaa iaaeeoeeineie oaoieee.

2.4. Iniiaaiea aeey ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoa

I?eeac Aineiiiai?iii?iia # 820 io 18.09.96 aiaea ii i?ia?aiia “Aiaa?a”.

3. AIAEEC IO?ANEE

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy a ?innee ionoonoaoao nia?aiaiiay aaca ii i?iecaiaenoao
iaaei?iaiai aiaei?iaea, iaiaoiaeeiiai aeey iaania/aiey nicaeaiey e
yenieoaoaoeee ?aeaoiiai eiiieaena “Aiaa?a”.

Eiathuaany i?iecaiaenoai aiaei?iaea a IEEOEIIAOa, a. Na?aeaa Iinaae,
iniiaaiiia ia yeaeo?ieeca aiaeu, ?aaioaao n oanoeaeanyouo aiaeia.

Iai?oaeiaaiea io?aaioaei onoaiiaeaiiue ?ano?n e o?aaoao cia/eoaeueiuo
eaieoaeueiuo aeiaeaiee a ?aeiino?oeoeeth.

I?aaeeaaaaiay AI “AEAI” oaoiieiaey iieo/aiey aiaei?iaea ec i?e?iaeiiai
aaca iooai eaoaeeoe/aneie eiiaa?nee i?e?iaeiiai aaca ?anoiaeoao
aacaica?aoii ia i?iecaiaenoai 1000 eoa. i aaciia?aciiai aiaei?iaea 400
eoa. i i?e?iaeiiai aaca, 160 eAo. yeaeo?iyia?aee e 200 eoa. i
eenei?iaea. Eaieoaeueiua cao?aou ia i?iecaiaenoai, ioeaiaiiua ia
01.01.96 a. ninoaaeytho aieaa 60-70 ie?ae. ?oa. eee 15.5 iei. aeieea?ia
NOA (aac o/aoa iaeeaeaiey aiaei?iaea), e ia eiiiaine?othony, o.e.
aaeeinoaaiiui i?iaeoeoii yaeyaony aaciia?aciue aiaei?iae. Yoa oaoiieiaey
o?aaoao ia eiiiaine?oaiuo cao?ao oaeiai ianooaaa, /oi ?aaeecaoeey aa a
ianoiyuaa a?aiy aanueia i?iaeaiaoe/ia.

I?e iieo/aiee aeoaieei ie?ieecii i?e?iaeiiai aaca oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea
(naaee) aiaei?iae iieo/aaony eae iiai/iue i?iaeoeo neioaca.

Oaeaeueiua yia?aicao?aou ia 1 eoa. i aiaei?iaea iiaoo n/eoaoueny iaiaa 1
eAo./an. Iieo/aaiue i?iaeoeo – oaoie/aneee oaea?iae eiaao /enoioo 99.9%
aan. Ianniaia i?iecaiaenoai oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea oaeiai ea/anoaa ia
eiaao aiaeiaia a ?O e ca ?oaaaeii. A oi aea a?aiy oaeie i?iaeoeo
o?aaoaony ai iiiaeo nia?aiaiiuo io?aneyo i?iiuoeaiiinoe: a i?iecaiaenoaa
enoi/ieeia oiea, yeaeo?ioaoie/aneie e eaaaeueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoyo, a
i?iecaiaenoaa eaeia e e?anie, i?iecaiaenoaa eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia,
neioaca aeiacia e o.ae.

Oaoie/aneee oaea?iae – oaa?aeue a?aioee?iaaiiue i?iaeoeo aunieie /enoiou
(ia iaiaa 99% aan, ia niaea?aeeo na?u), oaeaeueiay iiaa?oiinoue – aieaa
120 ea. i/a, /oi oa?aeoa?ecotho aai aunieoth aeenia?niinoue.

4. IIENAIEA I?IAEOA

4.1. Oieeaeueiinoue i?iaeoa

?ac?aaioaiiay oaoiieiaey i?iecaiaenoaa aiaei?iaea e iaeiia?aiaiii
oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea ia eiaao aiaeiaia. Iiaay oaoiieiaey yeieiae/anee
/enoay. Oaa?aeua aua?inu e aeeaeeea noiee ionoonoaotho. Aaciaua aua?inu
– i?iaeoeou naeeaaiey niane NI, I2 e acioa a eioaeueiie.

I?e naeeaaiee yoie niane aua?inu ieneaeia acioa iiieaeaiu a 2-3 ?aca ii
n?aaiaieth n naeeaaieai i?e?iaeiiai aaca. Noiia?iua aua?inu ieneaeia
acioa iaiaa 50 ia/i3.

Ai eniieiaiea Oeaca I?aceaeaioa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee io 6 yiaa?y 1996
a. # 14 I?aaeoaeuenoai ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee Iinoaiiaeaieai io 26
aaaonoa 1996 a. # 829 “I ia?ao ii iaania/aieth nicaeaiey einie/aneiai
?aeaoiiai eiiieaena “Aiaa?a” iaycaei Ieienoa?noai iai?iiu ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee, ?inneeneia einie/aneia aaaionoai, Ainoaea?noaaiiue eiieoao
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ii iai?iiiui io?aneyi i?iiuoeaiiinoe n o/aoii
ae?oaeo caeioa?aniaaiiuo oaaea?aeueiuo i?aaiia eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe
iaania/eoue i?iaaaeaiea ?aaio ii nicaeaieth einie/aneiai ?aeaoiiai
eiiieaena “Aiaa?a” n ia/aeii eaoiuo eniuoaiee a 2005 aiaeo ia Ia?aii
Ainoaea?noaaiiii eniuoaoaeueiii einiiae?iia Ieienoa?noaa iai?iiu
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee (einiiae?iia Ieanaoee).

I?eeacii # 820 io 18 naioya?y 1995 aiaea Ainoaea?noaaiiui eiieoaoii
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ii iai?iiiui io?aneyi i?iiuoeaiiinoe i?eiyoi
?aoaiea, /oi nicaeaiea einie/aneiai ?aeaoiiai eiiieaena “Aiaa?a”
yaeyaony caaea/ae iniaie ainoaea?noaaiiie aaaeiinoe, a IEEOEIIAO a.
Na?aeaa Iinaae Iineianeie iaeanoe aeeth/ai a ia?a/aiue iniiaiuo
eniieieoaeae ?aaio ii nicaeaieth einie/aneiai ?aeaoiiai eiiieaena
“Aiaa?a”.

Oaoie/aneea aiciiaeiinoe eniuoaoaeueiie aacu IEEOEIIAOA, iaania/aiiinoue
iaeeaeeoaeueiui aiaei?iaeiui eiiieaenii, nu?ueai, eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuie
niaoeeaeenoaie, iicaieytho iaania/eoue eniuoaiey:

eenei?iaeii-aiaei?iaeiuo aeaeaaoaeae aeey aoi?ie nooiaie ?aeaou-iineoaey
“Aiaa?a”;

iieii?acia?iuo aaeia ieeneeoaey e ai?th/aai n eniieueciaaieai e?eiaaiiuo
aeeaeeinoae eenei?iaea e aiaei?iaea;

iieii?acia?iiai aeiea aoi?ie nooiaie ?aeaou-iineoaey “Aiaa?a” n
eenei?iaeii-aiaei?iaeiui aeaeaaoaeai;

eenei?iaeii-aiaei?iaeiiai ?acaiiiiai aeiea aeey ?aeaou-iineoaey
“Aiaa?a”;

E?iia yoiai oeacaiiay aaca iicaieyao iaania/eoue iinoaaee aeeaeeiai
aiaei?iaea einiiae?iio Ieanaoee aeey yenieoaoaoeee einie/aneiai
?aeaoiiai eiiieaena “Aiaa?a”.

I?e nicaeaiee oieaa?naeueiie ?aeaoii-einie/aneie nenoaiu “Yia?aey”
iinoaaea aeeaeeiai aiaei?iaea IEE Iaoeiino?iaiey a. I. Naeaea e ia
einiiae?ii Aaeeiio? inouanoaeyeenue i?iecaiaenoaaiiuie iauaaeeiaieyie
“Yeaeo?ioeii?ii” a. *e?/ee (Ocaaeenoai), “Acio” a. Aeiai?iiao?iane
(Oe?aeia) e IEE Oeie/aneiai iaoeiino?iaiey a. Na?aeaa Iinaae.

Iaeii ec enoiaeiuo iieiaeaiee i?iaeoe?iaaiey ?aeaoiiai eiiieaena
“Aiaa?a” ninoieo a oii, /oi eiiieaen aeieaeai auoue ?inneeneei, a
neaaeiaaoaeueii, nicaeaiea e yenieoaoaoeey eiiieaena aeieaeiu
inouanoaeyoueny n o/aoii ?inneeneeo i?aaei?eyoee.

AEeaeeee aiaei?iae – ioiineoaeueii aei?iaie i?iaeoeo. Oeaia aiaei?iaea,
i?iecaiaeeiiai a NOA ec i?e?iaeiiai aaca aeey iaania/aiey iieaoia
iiiai?aciauo einie/aneeo ei?aaeae “Space Shattle” ninoaaeyao ieiei 3000$
ca iaeio oiiio.

Iiyoiio aaaeiaeoae caaea/ae i?e nicaeaiee einie/aneiai ?aeaoiiai
eiiieaena “Aiaa?a” yaeyaony ?ac?aaioea oaoiieiaee e inaiaiea
i?iecaiaenoaa ioiineoaeueii aeaoaaiai aiaei?iaea. Iaeiei ec iaeaieaa
ia?niaeoeaiuo iaoiaeia iieo/aiey aeaoaaiai aaciia?aciiai aiaei?iaea
yaeyaony aeoaieee ie?ieec i?e?iaeiiai aaca n iieo/aieai oaoie/aneiai
oaea?iaea.

O/eouaay, /oi cao?aou ia i?iecaiaenoai aaciia?aciiai aiaei?iaea eae
iiai/iiai i?iaeoeoa aoaeoo ioiineoueny ia noieiinoue oaoie/aneiai
oaea?iaea, oi a oeaio aaciia?aciiai aiaei?iaea, eae ?aeaoiiai ai?th/aai,
aoaeoo aeeth/aiu oieueei cao?aou ii eiii?aie?iaaieth e i/enoea
aaciia?aciiai aiaei?iaea.

Yoi nicaeaao oneiaey aeey i?iecaiaenoaa aaciia?aciiai aiaei?iaea
noieiinoueth ieiei 2500 ?oa. ca eoa. i e iaania/aiey ioiineoaeueii
iaaei?iaei aeeaeeei aiaei?iaeii i?ia?aiiu nicaeaiey e yenieoaoaoeee
einie/aneiai ?aeaoiiai eiiieaena “Aiaa?a”. Oeiaine?iaaiea ?aaio ii
nicaeaieth a IEEOEIIAOa eiiieaena ii iieo/aieth oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea
aiaei?iaea i?aaeoniao?eaaaony a n/ao “ Ainoaea?noaaiiie i?ia?aiiu
eiiaa?nee iai?iiiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe ia 1995-1997 aiaeu n i?eaea/aieai
eiiia?/aneeo e?aaeeoia”.

Iniiaiie i?iaeoeo, iieo/aiiue i?e aeoaieii ie?ieeca i?e?iaeiiai aaca-
oaoie/aneee oaea?iae aoaeao eniieueciaai a ?acee/iuo io?aneyo
i?iiuoeaiiinoe. A n?aaiaiee n o?aaeeoeeiiiie oaoiieiaeae iieo/aiey
aiaei?iaea ec i?e?iaeiiai aaca, ?anniao?eaaaiay oaoiieiaey eiaao
neaaeothuea i?aeiouanoaa:

naaanoieiinoue aiaei?iaea, iieo/aaiiai ie?ieecii i?e?iaeiiai aaca a 4-5
?ac ieaea naaanoieiinoe aiaei?iaea, iieo/aaiiai yeaeo?ieecii aiaeu e a
aeaa ?aca ieaea naaanoieiinoe aiaei?iaea, iieo/aaiiai ia?iaiaeyiie
eiiaa?neae i?e?iaeiiai aaca;

eniieueciaaiea ia aeaoeoeeoiiai nu?uey – i?e?iaeiiai aaca;

a iiaie oaoiieiaee ionoonoaotho yeieiae/anee iianiua oaa?aeua, aeeaeeea
e aaciia?aciua i?iaeoeou.

4.2. Ni/aoaiea oaeoi?ia, niinianoaothueo inouanoaeaieth i?iaeoa

4.2.1. Aiaoieo

iaee/ea aiaoiaai ?uiea iio?aaeoaeae oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea aunieiai
ea/anoaa;

aeaoeoeeo oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea aunieiai ea/anoaa, ieceay oeaia.

4.2.2. Aioo?aiieo

IEE Oeie/aneiai iaoeiino?iaiey ?aniieaaaao:

i?iecaiaenoaaiiuie iiuiinoyie, eniieuecoaiuie iiae no?ieoaeuenoai
eiiieaena iieo/aiey aiaei?iaea e oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea, oaeaeaiiuie ia
aaciianiia ?annoiyiea io aeeeie ciiu, iaee/eai no?ieoaeueiie aacu;

neoaeaaie yenieoaoaoeee iiaea?i-ac?uaiiianiuo i?iecaiaenoa;

iniiaiuie oiiaeaie, eioi?ua iiaeii eniieueciaaoue aeey nicaeaiey
eiiieaena ii iieo/aieth aiaei?iaea e oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea;

o?ainii?oiuie eiiioieeaoeeyie aeey auaica oaoie/aneiai
oaea?iaea iio?aaeoaeth;

eiiieaenii ii naeeaeaieth aaciia?aciiai aiaei?iaea;

eniuoaoaeueiie aacie;

eio?ano?oeoo?ie, iaania/eaathuae i?iecaiaenoai aiaei?iaea e oaoie/aneiai
oaea?iaea, i?e?iaeiui aacii, yeaeo?iyia?aeae, oaieii e o.ae.

Ana yoi nicaeaao aeaaii?eyoiua i?aaeiinueee aeey no?ieoaeuenoaa a
IEEOEIIAOa i?iecaiaenoaa aiaei?iaea e oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea ii
i?ia?anneaiie oaoiieiaee ia iniiaa ieaciioeie/aneiai ie?ieeca
i?e?iaeiiai aaca.

4.3. Oaoie/aneay nouiinoue i?iaeoa

Aeey naeeaeaiey, o?aiaiey e auaea/e (i?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe) aiaei?iaea
ieaie?oaony eniieueciaaoue nouanoaothuee caaiae ii iaeeaeaieth
aiaei?iaea iiuiinoueth 900 o/aiae, nouanoaothuoth nenoaio o?aiaiey e
auaea/e iinoi?iiiei iio?aaeoaeyi aeeaeeiai aiaei?iaea.
I?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue i?iaeoe?oaiie onoaiiaee ii aaciia?aciiio
aiaei?iaeo 2000 eoa. i//an i?eiyoa iioeiaeueiie ec oneiaey
iaania/aiey ?aaioiniiniaiinoe ioaeaeaiee eiii?aie?iaaiey e iaeeaeaiey
nouanoaothuaai aiaei?iaeiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, a oaeaea iaania/aiey
iio?aaiinoae a aaciia?aciii aiaei?iaea.

4.4. Yenii?o

I?aaeiieaaaaony:

yenii?o a aeaea i?iaeaaee eeoeaicee ia i?iecaiaenoai iniai /enoiai
oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea;

yenii?o iniai /enoiai oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea;

i?aaiecaoeey niaianoiuo i?aaei?eyoee.

4.5. ?aciauaiea i?iecaiaenoaa

I?iecaiaenoaa aiaei?iaea e oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea ieaie?oaony
?acianoeoue ia i?iiuoeaiiie oa??eoi?ee IEE Oeie/aneiai iaoeiino?iaiey a.
Na?aeaa Iinaae, Iineianeie iaeanoe, ia ieiuaaeea e ainoieo io
yenia?eiaioaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa a ?aeiia aicaeooicaai?a aaionenoaiu
ONA.

?annoiyiea io aiaei?iaeiiai i?iecaiaenoaa i?eaeeceoaeueii 500 iao?ia,
aei eioaeueiie – 150 i.

Iaee/ea aaeece ianoa no?ieoaeuenoaa eiiieaena ii i?iecaiaenoao
aiaei?iaea e oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea:

nenoaiu oaieiniaaaeaiey;

nenoaiu yeaeo?iniaaaeaiey;

o?ainii?oiie nenoaiu;

?acaeoie eio?ano?oeoo?u;

caeaiee e nii?oaeaiee aeey ?aciauaiey no?ieoaeueiie e iiioaaeiie
i?aaiecaoeee;

nenoai iaania/aiey i?iiuoeaiiie aiaeie, nicaeaao oneiaey aeey
no?ieoaeuenoaa a ei?ioeea n?iee

4.6. Yeieiae/aneay ioeaiea

A i?aaeeiaeaiiii i?iaeoa iieo/aiey aiaei?iaea e oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea
ionoonoaotho oaa?aeua iooiaeu e aeeaeeea noiee. Aaciaua aua?inu –
i?iaeoeou naeeaaiey NI, I2, N2 a eioaeueiie. I?e naeeaaiee yoie niane
aua?inu ieneaeia acioa iiieaeathony a 2-3 ?aca ii n?aaiaieth n naeeaaiey
i?e?iaeiiai aaca.

4.7. ?enee i?iaeoa ii noaaeeyi e ia?u eo nieaeaiey

Ia noaaeee iiaeaioiaee i?iaeoa ?ene ieieiaeai, naycai n aiciiaeiinoueth
ia?aiina ieiuaaeee iiae no?ieoaeuenoai, a yoii neo/aa iio?aaoaony
i?eaycea e iiaie ieiuaaeea.

Ia noaaeee ooieoeeiie?iaaiey aiciiaeii iaaeaiea ieaoaaeaniiniaiiai
ni?ina ia iaeei ec aeaeia i?iaeoeoeee: oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea eee
aiaei?iaea.

I no?aoaaee i?iaeaeaeaiey oiaa?a ia ?uiie ni. ?acaeae Ia?eaoeia”.

Aeaeinoue oeaiiaie iieeoeee iaania/eaaaony aieaa ieceie naaanoieiinoueth
i?iaeoeoeee ii n?aaiaieth n eiieo?aioaie. O?oaeiinoe n nu?ueai
i?aeoe/anee eneeth/aiu. A iiaeai?a eaae?ia – oiaea. A?aoee ?aaio, i?e
oneiaee cai?aoeaaaiiai oeiaine?iaaiey, auiieiei. Aiciiaeiue ?ene –
iaaieueoay caaea?aeea aaiaea eiiieaena a yenieoaoaoeeth (1-2 ianyoea).
Aeey ii?aaeaeaiey ?enea, a caaeneiinoe io eiiuthieoo?u oeai ia
i?iaeoeoeeth e nu?uea, a ?acaeaea “Oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneay /anoue”
i?iaaaeai aiaeec yeanoe/iinoe i?aaei?eyoey, a eioi?ii i?eaaaeaiu ?an/aou
yooaeoeaiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa i?e eciaiaiee oeai ?aaeecoaiie i?iaeoeoeee e
iio?aaeyaiiai nu?uey i?e ?acee/iuo eo ni/aoaieyo.

?acoeueoaou iieacuaatho aeinoaoi/ii onoie/eaia oeiainiaia iieiaeaiea
i?aaei?eyoey i?e aiciiaeiii eciaiaiee eiiuthieoo?u ni?ina e
i?aaeeiaeaiey ia i?iaeoeoeeth ii iio?aaeyaiiio nu?ueth.

5. I?IECAIAeNOAAIIUE I?IOeANN

Iaeaieaa ?aoeeiiaeueiui niiniaii iieo/aiey aiaei?iaea ec i?e?iaeiiai
aaca (iaoaia) yaeyaony aai iieiue ie?ieec aei oaea?iaea e aiaei?iaea,
iineieueeo a yoii neo/aa aiciiaeii aeinoeaeaiea iaeaieaa iieiiai
eniieueciaaiey iioaioeeaea yoiai ia aiciaiiaeyaiiai nu?uey.

Eiiieaen ninoieo ec /aou?ao ioaeaeaiee:

ioaeaeaiea iiaeaioiaee oaoie/aneeo aacia e nu?uey;

ioaeaeaiea ie?ieeca;

ioaeaeaiea eiioeaio?e?iaaiey, auaeaeaiey, a?aioeyoeee e oiaeiaee
oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea;

ioaeaeaiea auaeaeaiey, eiii?aie?iaaiey e i/enoee aiaei?iaea.

Iieo/aiiue oiaa?iue aiaei?iae iniaie /enoiou – 99,999 ia. %
o?ainii?oe?oaony ii o?oaii?iaiaeo e nouanoaothuae onoaiiaea iaeeaeaiey.

Aioiaue a?aioee?iaaiiue oaoie/aneee oaea?iae ?anoaniauaaaony a
niaoeeaeueioth oiaeiaeo (aea-ayae) aanii ii 0,8o.

O?aieony eeai a ?anoaniai/iii aoiea?a, eeai ia neeaaea aeey o?aiaiey
aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee.

5.1. Ioaeaeaiea iiaeaioiaee oaoiieiae/aneeo aacia e nu?uey.

Aeey iaa?aaa nu?uey (i?e?iaeiiai aaca) n oeaeueth ie?ieeca eniieuecoaony
aicaeoo (ieeneeoaeue) e i?e?iaeiue aac. Ia?aae naeeaaieai a ?aaeoi?a
aicaeoo i?aaeaa?eoaeueii iaa?aaaaony aei oaiia?aoo?u 600-650 a?aae. N, a
i?e?iaeiue aac aei 400 a?aae. N. I?e?iaeiue aac, eniieuecoaiue a
ea/anoaa nu?uey aeey ie?ieeca, oaeaea i?aaeaa?eoaeueii iiaeia?aaaaony
aei 400 a?aae. N. Aeey yoiai aicaeoo iiae aeaaeaieai 0,16 IIa iiaeaaony
a oaieiiaiaiiee-?aeoia?aoi? oaiea iooiaeyueo aacia, aaea iaa?aaaaony aei
600-650 a?aae. N, a caoai iinooiaao ia aoiae ?aaeoi?a.

I?e?iaeiue aac ec naoe n aeaaeaieai 0,3-0,5 IIa iinooiaao iiae
aeaaeaieai 0,16 IIa a oaieiiaiaiiee, iaa?aaaaiue aiaeyiui ia?ii (n
oaiia?aoo?ie ieiei 160 a?aae. N) aei 120 a?aae. N, a caoai iinooiaao a
oaieiiaiaiiee-?aeoia?aoi? oaiea iooiaeyueo aacia, aaea aeia?aaaaony aei
400 a?aae. N. Iinea yoiai iioie ?acaeaeyaony ia aeaa /anoe. Iaeia /anoue
i?aaeiacia/aia aeey iaa?aaa iioiea oaieiiineoaey iooai naeeaaiey a
aicaeooa, a aoi?ay – a ea/anoaa nu?uey ia ie?ieec.

5.2. Ioaeaeaiea ie?ieeca.

Ie?ieec i?e?iaeiiai aaca (nu?uey) i?iecaiaeeony a ?aaeoi?a iinea ai?unea
nu?uey a aunieioaiia?aoo?iue iioie i?iaeoeoia naeeaaiey oiieeaa a
aicaeooa. Iinea caaa?oaiey ie?ieeca, a iioie aaci-naaeaaie niane
aaiaeeony aiaea n oaiia?aoo?ie 50-60 a?aae. N aeey caeaeee i?iaeoeoia.
Aeey caeaeee iioiea a ?aaeoi?a eniieuecoaony aiaea, oee?eoee?othuay
/a?ac ?oaaoeo aaciioeaaeeoaey. I?iaeoeou iinea caeaeee e
aeiiieieoaeueiiai ioeaaeaeaiey a ?aeoia?aoeaiuo oaieiiaiaiieeao e a
oaieiiaiaiieea – ioeaaeeoaea iinooiatho a ioaeaeaiea eiioeaio?e?iaaiey,
auaeaeaiey e i/enoee i?iaeoeoia.

5.3. Ioaeaeaiea auaeaeaiey, eiioeaio?e?iaaiey, a?aioeyoeee e oiaeiaee
oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea (naaee).

Nianue aaciia?aciuo i?iaeoeoia e naaee iinea ioeaaeeoaey iinooiaao a
oeeeeii, a caoai a ?oeaaiue oeeueo?, aaea i?ienoiaeeo auaeaeaiea
oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea. Iinea oeeueo?a ie?ieeciua aacu, ia niaea?aeauea
naaee (inoaoi/iay eiioeaio?aoeey ia i?aauoaao 50ia/eoa. i.) iinooiatho a
ioaeaeaiea i/enoee e eiioeaio?e?iaaiey aiaei?iaea. Auaeaeeaoayny a
oeeeeiia e ?oeaaiii oeeueo?a naaea iinea iee?iiaeue/eoaey
iiaeoaaouaaaony iioieii aacia, oee?eoee?othueo iaaeaeo ?oeaaiui
oeeueo?ii e oeeeeiiii n iiiiuueth aaioeeyoi?a. A oeeeeiia i?ienoiaeeo aa
oieioiaiea e ieii/aoaeueiia auaeaeaiea oieioiaiiuo /anoeoe ec iioiea. Ec
oeeeeiia oee?eoee?othuee aac n oeueo?aaeenia?niuie /anoeoeaie naaee
aica?auaaony niiaa a ?oeaaiue oeeueo? aeey aeaeueiaeoaai aa auaeaeaiey.

Iinea auoiaea ec oeeeeiia naaea iiiaaeaao a a?aioeyoi?, oaeaaeiyaony
aiaeie, iinooiathuae ec eiiaeainaoi?a, a?aioee?oaony a a?aioeu
aeeaiao?ii 3-5ii. e iinooiaao a nooeeueiue aa?aaai.

Iinea inooee a?aioee?iaaiiue oaea?iae eiaoiaui yeaaaoi?ii, iinea
ioeaaeaeaiey a ioeaaeeoaea, iiaeaaony a aoiea? aeey ?anoaniaee.

?anoaniaea i?iecaiaeeony aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie nenoaiie a niaoeeaeueiua
iaoee (aea-ayae). Iinea yoiai aioiaue i?iaeoeo – oaooaea?iae iiaeao
auoue ioi?aaeai iaiin?aaenoaaiii iio?aaeoaeth. Aieinoue aoiea?ia
aeinoaoi/ia aeey o?aiaiey i?iaeoeoa, ia?aaioaiiiai i?eia?ii ca 10 nooie.

5.4. Ioaeaeaiea auaeaeaiey, eiii?aie?iaaiey e i/enoee aiaei?iaea.

Iioie i/euaiiuo io naaee aacia, niaea?aeaueo aiaei?iae, acio, ieenue
oaea?iaea, oaeaeeneue aac e ia?u aiaeu iinea ?oeaaiiai oeeueo?a i?e
oaiia?aoo?a ieiei 350 a?aae. N iinooiaao a oaieiiaiaiiee-eiiaeainaoi?,
aaea i?ienoiaeeo eiiaeainaoeey aiaeu.

Iaee/ea iaaieueoiai eiee/anoai naaee a iioiea (iaiaa 50ia/i3)
niinianoaoao eioaineoeeaoeee i?ioeanna eiiaeainaoeee. Iniiaiay ianna
neiiaeaine?iaaiiie aiaeu iaa?aaaaony a ?oaaoea aaciioeiaeeoaey e
iinooiaao ia caeaeeo, a inoaeueiay /anoue a nianeoaeue – a?aioeyoi?.

A ?acoeueoaoa inoaoee naaee e ia?u aiaeu iieiinoueth oaeaeythony ec
iioiea e aica?auathony a i?ioeann. Inooaiiue e i/euaiiue io /anoeoe
oaea?iaea aac, niaea?aeauee aiaei?iae ( 40% ia. ) a eiee/anoaa,
iaiaoiaeeiii aeey i?iecaiaenoaa /enoiai aiaei?iaea, iinea aeaeeoaey
iioiea iinooiaao a eiii?anni?, aaea naeeiaaony aei aeaaeaiey 3,6 IIa e
iiaeaaony a aeie iaia?aiiiai iaiaauaiey aiaei?iaea. Iioie aaca i?ioaeaao
iaae iiaa?oiinoueth naeaeoeaiie iaia?aiu. Aiaei?iae, i?aeiouanoaaiii,
i?ioaeaao neaicue iaa. Iioie aiaei?iaea, i?ioaaeoee /a?ac iaia?aio,
i?aaenoaaeythuee niaie oaoie/aneee aiaei?iae /enoioie 99,999% ia.,
iai?aaeyaony ia iaeeaeaiea a nouanoaothuee iaeeaeeoaeueiue eiiieaen
nii?oaeaiee aiaei?iaeiiai i?iecaiaenoaa. ?anoiae oaoie/aneiai aiaei?iaea
?aaoee?oaony ?anoiaeiia?ii – ?aaoeyoi?ii e ?acia?aie ieiuaaee iaia?aiu
(aiia?ao iiaeoeueiiai oeia), /oi iicaieyao eaaei ?aaoee?iaaoue
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue io ioey aei 2000 iC//an. I?ioaaeoee /a?ac iaia?aio
aiaei?iae iaeiia?aiaiii iieiinoueth aeiinooaaony, oae eae ia?u aiaeu ia
i?ioiaeyo neaicue aeae?ioiaioth iieeia?ioth iaia?aio.

I?ioaaeoee a iaia?aiiuo aeieao iioie oainoiauo aacia, niaea?aeeo io 38
aei 45 % ia. aiaei?iaea e aei 13 -16 % NI, aica?auaaony a ?aneaa?, aaea
niaoeaaaony n ecauoi/iie /anoueth aacia, iinooiathueo ec aeaeeoaey.

Nianue aacia oaieioai?iie niiniaiinoueth 1400 – 1500 Eeae ia eoa. i. e
noiia?iui ?anoiaeii 18-23 oun. eoa. i. a /an iinooiaao ia aeiaeeaaiea a
nouanoaothuoth eioaeueioth.

Oaeei ia?acii, oaoiieiae/aneay noaia iicaieyao oaeiaeaoai?eoue ana
o?aaiaaiey OC e aeaao e?iia /enoiai aiaei?iaea (99,999% ia. ) n
?anoiaeii io 500 aei 2000 eoa. i. a /an aua 13-14 oun. oiii oaoie/aneiai
oaea?iaea a aiae, i?e yoii ninoaa oaoie/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey aeey
i?iecaiaenoaa oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea inoaaony iaeciaiiui.

6. IEAI IA?EAOEIAA.

6.1. Oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey ?uiea oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea.

Oe?ieee niaeo? iio?aaeoaeae aunieiea/anoaaiiiai oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea,
aai aeaoeoeeo ia ?uiea nu?uey, aunieay oaoiieiae/iinoue i?ioeanna,
ionoonoaea o i?iecaiaeeoaeae oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea aunieie /enoiou
i?iaeoeoa, iaaeaaeiue enoi/iee nu?uey iicaieytho ?anniao?eaaoue
i?aaeeaaaaiue eiiieaen eae iaaeaaeiia aunieiyooaeoeaiia i?iecaiaenoai.

Iaeanoue i?eiaiaiey oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea e aai iio?aaiinoe a ?acee/iuo
io?aneyo i?iiuoeaiiinoe.

Yeaeo?ioaoie/aneay i?iiuoeaiiinoue – caaiaeu ii i?iecaiaenoao eaaaeueiie
i?iaeoeoeee, oeie/aneeo enoi/ieeia oiea, ye?aiu e o. ae.

Iio?aaiinoue caaiaeia, i?iecaiaeyueo eaaaeueioth i?iaeoeoeeth ninoaaeyao
3-4 oun. oiii a aiae. Aeey enoi/ieeia oiea – 2-1,5 oun. oiii a aiae
(eiathony ienueia io Oiineiai eaaaeueiiai caaiaea, iio?aaiinoue – 700
o/aiae) Aeaoeeiai, Iiaieociaoeeiai e Nae?neiai caaiaeia oeie/aneeo
enoi/ieeia oiea, iio?aaiinoue – 1, 0 oun. oiii a aiae.

Iieo/aiea /enoiai e?aiiey aeey iee?iyeaeo?iiiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe e
i?iecaiaenoaa nieia/iuo aaoa?ae, iio?aaiinoue – 2 oun. oiii a aiae.

Neioac ea?aeaeia iaoaeeia e yeaiaioia iio?aaiinoue – 4-5 oun. oiii a
aiae.

Neioac eneonnoaaiiuo aeiacia, iio?aaiinoue – 2 oun. oiii a aiae.

Iaoaeeo?aey – 15 oun. oiii a aiae (iio?aaiinoue iaeiiai ec caaiaeia).

Eaee, e?anee, eiiiiceoeeiiiua iaoa?eaeu e o. ae.

Oieeaeueiua eiiiiceoeeiiiua iaoa?eaeu e ae?oaea i?iaeoeou ia iniiaa
iniai /enoiai oaea?iaea iiaoo auoue i?iecaaaeaiu iaiin?aaenoaaiii ia
i?iaeoe?oaiii eiiieaena aac aieueoeo eaieoaeueiuo aeiaeaiee.

Oeaia oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea iniaie /anoiou eieaaeaony io 5 aei 20 iei.
?oa. ca oiiio. Iieiay iio?aaiinoue a i?iecaiaeeiii aunieiea/anoaaiiii
oaoie/aneii oaea?iaea oieueei ii ?O aac o/aoa iaoaeeo?aee ninoaaeyao
aieaa 12 oun. oiii a aiae.

6.2. ?aaioa n eiieo?aioaie.

ssaiua i?aeiouanoaa iiaiai i?iecaiaenoaa (ieceay naaanoieiinoue,
yeieiae/aneay /enoioa, iaaeaaeiue enoi/iee nu?uey, aeaeinoue
i?iecaiaenoaa) aeatho aiciiaeiinoue i?ioeaiiinoaaeoue eiieo?aioai
nieaeaiea oeai ia i?iaeoeoeeth (aei 30 – 50%), iicaieytho i?eiaiyoue
e?iia oeaiiaie iieeoeee e yenoaineaiue iooue aiaea/aiey iiauo ?aaeiiia.

6.3. ?aeeaia.

?aeeaiiay eiiiaiey ieaie?oaony ii caaa?oaiee no?ieoaeuenoaa. Aei yoiai
a?aiaie i?ieaeoo ano?a/e n ?oeiaiaeeoaeyie ?acee/iuo i?aaei?eyoee n
oeaeueth caeeth/aiey aeiaiai?ia ia iinoaaeo i?iaeoeoeee. Iniiaiay
?aeeaiiay eiiiaiey ia/iaony n iauyaeaiee ii OA, a aacaoao e ia ?aaeei.
Ecaea?aeee ia ia?eaoeia e ?aeeaio ninoaaeytho 4% eiaanoeoeee. Iie iiaoo
au?anoe, i?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe, ia noaaeee ooieoeeiie?iaaiey i?iecaiaenoaa
ca n/ao i?eauee io aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey.

7. I?AAIECAOeEIIIUE IEAI.

7.1. Oi?ia nianoaaiiinoe – niaoaiiay.

7.2. Aeoeeiia?iue eaieoae.

Aeaiiua ii ?acaeaeo aoaeoo ii?aaeaeaiu iinea i?iaaaeaiey Oaoie/aneiai
niaaoa a IEEOEIIAOa ii ?anniio?aieth eiaanoeoeee.

8. OEIAINIAI-YEIIIIE*ANEAss *ANOUe.

8.1 Iauea caia/aiey.

Ai?eciio oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneiai ieaie?iaaiey, i?eiyoue aeey ianoiyueo
i?aaeeiaeaiee, ii?aaeaeai a 12 yoaiia. I?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue yoaia 1
aiae.

Iniiaiui ia?aiao?ii, ii?aaeaeythuei ai?eciio oeiainiauo ?an/aoia, aue
i?eiyo n?aaeiee n?ie neoaeau iniiaiiai oaoiieiae/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey,
ninoaaeythuee 10 eao.

Oeacaoue eiie?aoii a?aiy ia/aea ?aaeecaoeee ianoiyueo i?aaeeiaeaiee
aeinoaoi/ii neiaeii. Iaeiaei, o/eouaay, /oi ana oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneea
?an/aou no?iyony ii aeeiaie/aneie iiaeaee, iaie i?eiyoi: ia/aei
no?ieoaeuenoaa inouanoaeoue n yiaa?y 1997 aiaea a aeaa yoaia. Iauaeo ii
i?iecaiaenoao oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea a yenieoaoaoeeth aaiaeeony /a?ac
aiae, a /a?ac aeaa aiaea io ia/aea no?ieoaeuenoaa aaiaeeony a
yenieoaoaoeeth iauaeo ii i?iecaiaenoao aaciia?aciiai aiaei?iaea. A yoii
neo/aa ?an/aoiua yoaiu niaiaaeoo n eaeaiaea?iuie aiaeaie, aaea ia?aue
yoai no?ieoaeuenoaa a ?an/aoao aoaeao niioaaonoaiaaoue 1997 aiaeo.

8.2 Iauai i?iecaiaenoaa e ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee.

Aiaeiaay i?ia?aiia auionea i?iaeoeoeee (i?iecaiaenoaaiiay iiuiinoue)
i?iaeoe?oaiiai caaiaea ninoaaeyao:

oaoie/aneee oaea?iae – 13000 oiii (1,7 o//an)

aiaei?iae aaciia?aciue – 16,0 iei. eoa. i. (2000 eoa. i//an)

Ia?eiae inaiaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiie iiuiinoe i?eiyo iaeei aiae n ia/aea
aaiaea a yenieoaoaoeeth iauaeoia no?ieoaeuenoaa ii yoaiai:

1 yoai – aaiae a yenieoaoaoeeth iauaeoia ii i?iecaiaenoao oaoie/aneiai
oaea?iaea;

2 yoai – aaiae a yenieoaoaoeeth iauaeoia ii i?iecaiaenoao aiaei?iaea
aaciia?aciiai.

Aiaeiaie iauai i?iecaiaenoaa a ia?eiae inaiaiey i?eiyo n eiyooeoeeaioii
0,75 io i?iecaiaenoaaiiie iiuiinoe ii iaiei i?iaeoeoai:

oaoie/aneee oaea?iae – 9750 oiii

aiaei?iae aaciia?aciue – 12,0 iei. eoa. i.

Aaciaua oeaiu i?iaeoeoeee ia 1 ai?aey 1997a. ninoaaeytho:

oaoie/aneee oaea?iae – 7,5 iei. ?oa./o ( ii aeaiiui AI “Neiieac”)

aaciia?aciue aiaei?iae – 4500 ?oa./eoa. i. ( ii aeaiiui caeac/eea)

Aeey oeiainiauo ?an/aoia i?eieiathony iauaiu ?aaeecaoeee ?aaiuie auioneo
i?iaeoeoeee.

Iiae?iaii ana yeaiaiou i?iecaiaenoaaiiie i?ia?aiiu i?eaaaeaiu a oaa. 1,1
i?eeiaeaiea ?1.

8.3. Ii?yaeie ii?aaeaeaiey noieiinoiuo iieacaoaeae.

?an/aou ii ii?aaeaeaieth ia?aiao?ia yooaeoeaiinoe i?iaeoa i?eaiaeyony a
aeaoo oeaiiauo o?iaiyo:

a oeene?iaaiiuo (iaeciaiiuo) oeaiao, neiaeeaoeony ia 1 ai?aey 1997
aiaea, eioi?ua i?eiyou a ?an/aoao eae aaceniua ia iniiaaiee aeaiiuo
caeac/eea.

A neo/aa “niauaiey” n?ieia no?ieoaeuenoaa aaceniua oeaiu aeieaeiu auoue
eeai ooi/iaiu caeac/eeii, eeai i?ieiaeaene?iaaiu n o/aoii ?aaeueiuo
n?ieia no?ieoaeuenoaa e aai i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe.

a i?iaiice?oaiuo aeeiaie/aneeo oeaiao, ?ann/eouaaaiuo ia iniiaaiee
ioiineoaeueiuo eiaeaenia eioeyoeee ii ioiioaieth e i?aaeuaeouaio
?an/aoiiio ia?eiaeo (aiaeo).

8.4. Eiaeaenu eioeyoeee.

I?e oi?ie?iaaiee ia?niaeoeaiuo iieacaoaeae ia ana 12 ?an/aoiuo ia?eiaeia
auee i?eiyou eiaeaenu eioeyoeee, aaee/eia e aeeiaieea eioi?uo
ii?aaeaeyeenue neaaeothueie ianoiyoaeuenoaaie:

Aeey anao yeaiaioia cao?ao (aeeth/ay eiaanoeoeee a iniiaiie eaieoae) e
oiaa?iie i?iaeoeoeee i?eiyou ?acee/iua eiaeaenu ia aaca noaoenoeee,
neiaeeaoaeny ca 1995 – 1997a.a. e i?iaiice?oaiie ia?niaeoeau ia 1998 e
1999a.a.;

Ana i?eiyoua eiaeaenu eiatho iauoth oaiaeaioeeth e nieaeaieth a
ia?niaeoeaa 3 – 5 eao;

Iaeaieaa caiaoiay aeeiaieea eioeyoeeiiiuo eiaeaenia i?eiyoa aeey ia?auo
4 – 5 ia?eiaeia, eioi?ua iiaeii n/eoaoue aeinoaoi/ii i?iaiice?oaiuie;

Aeey ioaeaeaiiuo ii a?aiaie (o?oaeii i?iaiice?oaiuo) ia?eiaeia (nauoa
5-oe eao) i?eiyou iaeeiaeiaua eiaeaenu, eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua aeey eaaeaeie
iiceoeee, ia o?iaia iineaaeiaai aeinoiaa?iiai aiaea;

O/eouaay iauaainoaea?noaaiiua no?aoaae/aneea ia?niaeoeau, iaia/ai
iia?aaeathuee ?ino ca?aaioiie ieaou ii n?aaiaieth n inoaeueiuie
yeaiaioaie cao?ao.

Aeeiaieeo eiaeaenia ni. i?eeiaeaiea ?2, oaa. 2.2.

8.5. Iio?aaeyaiua nu?uea e iaoa?eaeu aeey i?iecaiaenoaa.

Oaaeeoea 1.

Iaeiaiiaaiea a?oii e iaoa?eaeia Aaeeieoea ecia?aiey Aiaeiaay
iio?aaiinoue Oeaia ca aaeeieoeo, iei. ?oa.

1 2 3 4

Iniiaiua iaoa?eaeu: i?e?iaeiue aac

Aniiiiaao. iaoa?eaeu:

iei. eoa. i

54.4

269.9

iaoie (oa?a aeey oiaeiaee naaee) oo. 17000 0.03

8.6. Iio?aaeyaiua yia?ai?ano?nu aeey i?iecaiaenoaa.

Oaaeeoea 2.

Iniiaiua aeaeu yia?ai?ano?nia Aaeeieoea ecia?aiey Aiaeiaay iio?aaiinoue
Oeaia ca aaeeieoeo iei. ?oa.

oaea?iae aiaei?iae anaai

1 2 3 4 5 6

Yeaeo?iyia?aey

Ia?

Oaiei IAo. /an oiii

Aeae 8000 16000 3600 24000

6000 32000 16000 9600 0.455

0.03

0.06

Aiaea oun. eoa. i

45.0 45.0 0.83

8.7. Oiiae iieaou o?oaea ?aaioathueo ia i?iecaiaenoaa.

Oaaeeoea 3.

Iaeiaiiaaiea iieacaoaeae *eneaiiinoue, /ae. N?aaeiaian. iniiaiay e
aeiiie.

ca?ieaoa iei. ?oa.

oaea?iae aiaei?iae anaai

1 3 4 5 3

?aai/eo 15 40 55 1.5

EO? 2 4 6 3.0

Neoaeauea

Eoiai: 3

20 7

51 10

71 1.0

N?aaeiaiany/iay ca?aaioiay ieaoa ?aaioathueo i?eiyoa ii aeaiiui
caeac/eea e aiaeiae/iuo aeaenoaothueo i?aaei?eyoee.

8.8. Iaeiaiiaeiaeaiea.

A oeiainiauo ?an/aoao o/eouaathony neaaeothuea iaeiae e nai?u oaa. 4.

Oaaeeoea 4.

Aeae iaeiaa (nai?a) Noaaea iaeiaa(nai?a),% Iauaeo iaeiaeaiey

i?iecaiaenoaaiiua ecaea?aeee (a naaanoieiinoue i?iaeoeoeee) 39,9

1.1 Io/eneaiey ia nioeeaeueiua ioaeaeu, anaai a oii /enea: 38,5

– ia ainoaea?noaaiiia no?aoiaaiea 5,4 Aiaeiaie oiiae ca?aaioiie ieaou

– a ainoaea?noaaiiue oiiae caiyoinoe 1,5 ,,

– a iaineiiiue oiiae 28,0 ,,

– a oiiae iaaeeoeeineiai no?aoiaaiey 3,6 ,,

1.2 O?ainii?oiue iaeia 1,0 ,,

1.3 Iaeia ia iieueciaaoaeae aaoiiiaeeueiuo aei?ia 0,8 Au?o/ea io
?aaeecaoeee

2. Iaeiae, oeiaine?oaiua ca n/ao aaeainiaie

i?eauee:

– iaeia ia eiouanoai 2,5 N?aaeiaaiaeiaay noieiinoue eiouanoaa
i?aaei?eyoey

– nai? ia ioaeaeu ia?aciaaoaeueiuo o/?aaeaeaiee

– iaeia ia niaea?aeaiea aeeeeuiiai oiiaea e iauaeoia
nioeeaeueii-eoeueoo?iie noa?u 1,0

1,5 Aiaeiaie oiiae ca?aaioiie ieaou Au?o/ea io ?aaeecaoeee

3. Iaeiae, oeiaine?oaiua ca n/ao iaeiaiiaeaaaaiie i?eauee:

– iaeia ia i?eaueue

35,0

Iaeiaiiaeaaaaiay i?eaueue

8.9. No?oeoo?a naaanoieiinoe i?iaeoeoeee (ii yeiiiie/aneei yeaiaioai) a
oeene?iaaiiuo oeaiao.

Oaaeeoea 5.

Yeiiiie/aneea yeaiaiou Oaea?iae oaoie/aneee Aiaei?iae aaciia?aciue Anaai
ii i?aaei?eyoeth

noiia, iei.?oa. oae. aan ye-oa, % noiia, iei.?oa. oae. aan ye-oa, %
noiia, iei.?oa. oae. aan ye-oa, %

1. Iaoa?eaeu 15193 47,7 – – 15193 30,2

2. Yia?ai?ano?nu 4336 13,6 11317 61,4 15653 31,1

3. Oiiae iieaou o?oaea 378 1,2 948 5,1 1326 2,6

4. Ia/eneaiey ia nioeeaeueiua ioaeaeu (38,5%) 146 0,5 365 2,0 511 1,1

5. O?ainii?oiue iaeia (1%) 3,8 – 9,5 – 13.3 –

6. Iaeia ia iieueciaaoaeae aaoiiiaeeueiuo aei?ia (0,4%) 390 1,2 288 1,6
678 1,4

7. Ianeoaeeaaiea e ?aiiio iai?oaeiaaiey 2747 8,6 1597 8,7 4344 8,6

8. Iaeeaaeiua ?anoiaeu (150%) 567 1,8 1422 7,7 1989 4,0

9. Aii?oecaoeey 8053 25,4 2493 13,5 10546 21,0

Eoiai: 31813 100,0 18440 100,0 50253 100,0

Ni?aai/ii:

Aiaeiaie iauai i?iecaiaenoaa a iaoo?aeueiii au?aaeaiee 13000 o

16000000 eoa. i

Naaanoieiinoue aaeeieoeu ecia?aiey 2,45 iei.?oa.

1153 ?oa.

8.10. ?acia? e ?ani?aaeaeaiea eiaanoeoeeiiiuo ecaea?aeae.

Ii i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie oe?oiiaiiie ioeaiea iauee iauai eiaanoeoeeiiiuo
ecaea?aeae a oeene?iaaiiuo oeaiao ia 1 ai?aey 1997a. a no?ieoaeuenoai
caaiaea ninoaaeyao 177007 iei. ?oa.

Eiaanoeoeeiiiua ecaea?aeee ii?aaeaeythony eae noiia iniiaiiai eaieoaea
(ecaea?aeae ii eiaanoeoeeyi a iniiaiie eaieoae iethn
i?aaei?iecaiaenoaaiiua ?anoiaeu) e /enoiai iai?ioiiai eaieoaea.
Eiaanoeoeee a iniiaiie eaieoae ninoaaeytho:

1. a oeene?iaaiiuo oeaiao ia 01.04.97a. – 77000
iei. ?oa.;

a oii /enea: iai?oaeiaaiea aac noieiinoe iiioaaea – 37000 iei. ?oa.;
no?ieoaeueii-iiioaaeiua ?aaiou – 34000
iei. ?oa.

i?i/ea eiaanoeoeeiiiua ecaea?aeee – 6000
iei. ?oa.

2. a i?iaiice?oaiuo oeaiao (n o/aoii eioeyoeeiiiiai eiaeaena ii
eaieoaeueiui aeiaeaieyi – 1,6 e 1,5 aeey aeaoo eao no?ieoaeuenoaa)

-151520 iei. ?oa.;

a oii /enea: iai?oaeiaaiea aac noieiinoe iiioaaea – 71200 iei. ?oa.;

no?ieoaeueii-iiioaaeiua ?aaiou – 70720
iei. ?oa.;

i?i/ea eiaanoeoeeiiiua ecaea?aeee – 9600
iei. ?oa.;

I?aaei?iecaiaenoaaiiua ?anoiaeu (noieiinoue eeoeaicee ia nicaeaiea
i?iecaiaenoaa) ninoaaeyao:

1. a oeene?iaaiiuo oeaiao ia 01.04.97a. –
100000 iei. ?oa.;

2. a i?iaiice?oaiuo oeaiao (n o/aoii eioeyoeeiiiiai eiaeaena) – 160000
iei.?oa.;

*enoue iai?ioiue eaieoae ?ann/eouaaaony enoiaey ec ieieiaeueiiai /enea
aeiae aeey iie?uoey eiiiiiaioia oaeoueo aeoeaia (ecaea?aeae).

8.11. Iniiaiua oiiaeu e aii?oecaoeeiiiua io/eneaiey.

Ec eaieoaeueiuo aeiaeaiee a iniiaiua oiiaeu ia?aoiaeeo iauay noieiinoue
n ?ani?aaeaeaieai ii ninoaaeythuei:

1. a oeene?iaaiiuo oeaiao ia 01.04.97a. – 175640 iei. ?oa.;

a oii /enea: iai?oaeiaaiea e iiioaae – 62060 iei. ?oa.;

caeaiey e nii?oaeaiey – 13580 iei. ?oa.

eeoeaicey – 100000 iei. ?oa.

2. a i?iaiice?oaiuo oeaiao (n o/aoii eioeyoeeiiiiai eiaeaena)

– 306016 iei. ?oa.;

a oii /enea: iai?oaeiaaiea e iiioaae – 17552 iei. ?oa.;

caeaiey e nii?oaeaiey – 28464 iei. ?oa.

eeoeaicey – 160000 iei. ?oa.

Aaeainiaay noieiinoue nouanoaothueo caeaiee e nii?oaeaiee,
i?aaeiacia/aiiuo aeey ?aciauaiey i?iecaiaenoaa oaoie/aneiai oaea?iaea ia
1 yiaa?y 1997 aiaea, ninoaaeea – 2000 iei. ?oa.

Ii?iu aiaeiauo aii?oecaoeeiiiuo io/eneaiee i?eiyou ia iniiaaiee
aeaenoaothueo ii?iaoeaiuo aeieoiaioia:

aeey iai?oaeiaaiey – ii ii?iai aeey aani?aa?ia, ?aaeoi?ia, aiia?aoia ni
neiaeiuie ono?ienoaaie, oaieiiaiaiieeia e ianoaiaea?oiiai oeie/aneiai
iai?oaeiaaiey – 10,0%;

aeey caeaiee e nii?oaeaiee – ii eo no?ieoaeueiie e oaoie/aneie
oa?aeoa?enoeea – 2,5%.

eeoeaicey – 4,0%

8.12. Enoi/ieee oeiaine?iaaiey.

Enoi/ieeii oeiaine?iaaiey yaeyaony eueaioiue e?aaeeo ii eeiee
ainoaea?noaaiiie iiaeaea?aeee ia oneiaeyo 33% aiaeiauo, n iiaaoaieai
iniiaiie noiiu ni aoi?iai aiaea yenieoaoaoeee i?aaei?eyoey (n ioneii
aoi?ie i/a?aaee) ieaoaaeaie ca n/ao i?eauee. I?ioeaiou ca e?aaeeo
aeeth/aiu a naaanoieiinoue i?iaeoeoeee.

Aoi?ui enoi/ieeii oeiaine?iaaiey ?anniao?eaathony aeoeeiia?iue eaieoae a
aeaea nouanoaothuea iniiaiua i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oiiaeu e noieiinoe
eeoeaicee ia nicaeaiea i?iecaiaenoaa.

Oaaeeoea 6.

Noiia, iei. ?oa.

Enoi/ieee oeiaine?iaaiey a oeene?iaaiiuo oeaiao a i?iaiice?oaiuo
oeaiao Oneiaey oeiaine?iaaiey

1. Aeoeeiia?iue eaieoae 102000 163200

– a aeaea nouanoaothueo IIO 2000 3200

– noieiinoue eeoeaicee 100000 160000

2. Caaiiue eaieoae

– eueaioiue e?aaeeo ii eeiee ainoaea?noaaiiie iiaeaea?aeee 75007 148331
Ia/aei iieo/. (aiae) – 1997 a.

Ia/aei iiaaoaiey (aiae) -1998a.

Aeae iiaaoaiey – iinoiyiiua io/eneaiey;

I?ioeaioiay noaaea-33%aiae.

Aeey oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneeo ?an/aoia n?ie iiaaoaiey eueaioiiai e?aaeeoa
ii eeiee ainoaea?noaaiiie iiaeaea?aeee e i?ioeaioia ca e?aaeeo i?eiyo ia
o?iaia 2 eao.

Iinea eioeyoeeiiiie eiaeaenaoeee eiaanoeoeee a iniiaiie eaieoae e n
o/aoii eaieoaeueiuo aeiaeaiee a i?e?ino iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa ia ia?eiae
no?ieoaeuenoaa, iauay noiia eueaioiiai e?aaeeoa ii eeiee
ainoaea?noaaiiie iiaeaea?aeee ninoaaeo 148331 iei. ?oa.

8.13. Iniiaiua oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneea iieacaoaee i?iaeoa.

Iniiaiua oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneea iieacaoaee (oaa. 7.) ii?aaeaeythony ii
?an/aoai yooaeoeaiinoe i?iaeoa, auiieiaiiui a oeene?iaaiiuo oeaiao ii
ninoiyieth ia 01.04.96 e a i?iaiice?oaiuo oeaiao (n o/aoii eioeyoeeiiiuo
eiaeaenia), e i?eaiaeyony a i?eeiaeaiee ? 1 a oaa. 1.1 – 1.12; a
i?eeiaeaiee ? 2 a oaa. 2.1 -2.15.

Oaaeeoea 7.

Iaeiaiiaaiea iieacaoaeae Aaeeieoea ecia?aiey A oeene?iaaiiuo oeaiao A
i?iaiice?oaiuo oeaiao

Eiaanoeoeeiiiua ecaea?aeee (aac o/aoa iai?ioiiai eaieoaea) iei. ?oa.
177000 311520

Iaeiieaiea /enoie aeaiaaeiie iaee/iinoe ca ?an/aoiue ia?eiae iei. ?oa.
692412 1349316

*enoay oaeouay noieiinoue ii iioieo i?eaaaeaiiie /enoie aeaiaaeiie
iaee/iinoe i?e eiyooeoeeaioa aeeneiioe?iaaiey 25% iei. ?oa. 91843 167657

Aioo?aiiyy ii?ia aeioiaeiinoe ( ii iioieo iaee/iinoe) % 39,0 38,0

N?ie ieoiaaiinoe io ia/aea yenieoaoaoeee 1-ie i/a?aaee iauaeoa:

-ii iioieo oaeouae aeaiaaeiie iaee/iinoe aiae 2,8 3,1

-ii iioieo aeeneiioe?iaaiiie (25%) i?eaaaeaiiie aeaiaaeiie iaee/iinoe
aiae 4,6 4,9

Eiyooeoeeaiou ?aioaaaeueiinoe (iinea auoiaea i?aaei?eyoey ia iieioth
iiuiinoue – 3-ee aiae yenieoaoaoeee)

-ioiioaiea aaeainiaie i?eauee e aeioiaeo io i?iaeaae; % 70,4 60,6

-ioiioaiea /enoie i?eauee e aeioiaeo io i?iaeaae; % 43,7 37,6

-ioiioaiea /enoie i?eauee e eiaanoeoeeyi % 41, 9 45,9

8.14. Auaiaeu e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee.

Iniiaiua oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneea iieacaoaee iicaieytho n/eoaoue aeaiiue
i?iaeo a aeinoaoi/ii yooaeoeaiui e i?eaeaeaoaeueiui n oi/ee c?aiey
auaeaeaiey iaiaoiaeeiuo oeiainiauo ?ano?nia (eueaioiiai e?aaeeoa ii
eeiee ainoaea?noaaiiie iiaeaea?aeee).

Iaeaieaa oa?aeoa?iuie iieacaoaeyie, naeaeaoaeuenoaothueie ia
oeacaiiie yooaeoeaiinoe, yaeythony aunieay aioo?aiiyy ii?ia
aeioiaeiinoe, ia iaiaa /ai a 2-3 ?aca i?aauoathuay n?aaeiee o?iaaiue
yoie ii?iu aeey i?iaeoia ?yaeiaie yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe, e n?ie
ieoiaaiinoe ia?aiia/aeueiuo cao?ao, ii iioieo oaeouae aeaiaaeiie
iaee/iinoe ieiei o?ao eao io ia/aea yenieoaoaoeee iauaeoa.

Ia iniiaa ?ac?aaioaiiiai oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneiai ieaia iiaoo
auiieiyoueny iaiaoiaeeiua ?aai/ea ?an/aou, iia?aoeaii o/eouaathuea
aeeyiea ii?aaeaeythueo oeaiiauo e eiuo oaeoi?ia, oneiaee i?eaea/aiey
eiaanoeoeee e eo eiiiainaoeee.

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