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Анализ альтернативных подходов к формированию структуры организации

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Aeaaa 3. I?eaeiaeueiay iaoiaeeea aiaeeca aeueoa?iaoeaiuo iiaeoiaeia e
oi?ie?iaaieth no?oeoo?u i?aaiecaoeee.

3.1. Iaiiiai ?aeeaiu.

Iineianeee aeoeeiia?iue aaie niaeaenoaey i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoao, eee
nie?auaiii Iinaecianaaie, yaeyaony oieaa?naeueiui eiiia?/aneei aaieii,
i?aia?aciaaiiui a 1990 aiaeo ec AEeenioeaaiea NNN?. Aaie ?aniieaaaao
?acaaoaeaiiie naoueth oeeeaeia, a /enea eioi?uo iaoiaeeony Iineay
aee?aeoeey.

Iineay aee?aeoeey i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iaeii ec e?oiiaeoeo aaieianeeo
o/?aaeaeaiee ai?iaea Iinea e ieacuaaao eiiieaen oneoa, oaeeo eae
e?aaeeoiaaiea, ?an/aoii-eanniaia ianeoaeeaaiea e iaeioi?ua ae?oaea.
Aaie ioee/aao aunieee o?iaaiue aeioiaeia (aeioiaeiinoue eaieoaea
aeoeeiia?ia) e aeinoaoi/iay iaaeaaeiinoue (yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey
anao aeoeaia). ?aioaaaeueiinoue (“niiniaiinoue, iioaioeeae ioaea/e”
[4]) aaiea iaoiaeeony ia n?aaeiai o?iaia. Iieo/aiiay i?eaueue iicaieyao
aee?aeoeee iaania/eaaoue onei?aiiia ?acaeoea aaiea, oaaee/eaaoue aai
nianoaaiiua n?aaenoaa e auiea/eaaoue aunieea aeeaeaeaiaeu ii aeoeeyi.

3.2. I?ieia.

Naioya?ue 1995 aiaea. Ioaeaeii yeiiiie/aneiai aiaeeca, e?aaeeoiuo
?ano?nia e i?iaiice?iaaiey Iineie aee?aeoeee Iinaecianaaiea aue
i?iaaaeai eiiieaeniue aiaeec eaae?iaie no?oeoo?u aaiea e no?oeoo?u
aeioiaeia aaieianeiai ia?niiaea e auea ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea
ei??aeoe?iaee oceeo iano aioo?aiiae n?aaeu aaiea.

3.3. Nianoaaiii iaoiaeeea.

Aaieianeee ia?niiae aue ?acaeo ia /aou?a eeanne/aneeo a?oiiu (o?iaiy),
oaeea /oi “aunoee o?iaaiue oi?aaeaiey ii?aaeaeyao iauoth iieeoeeo oe?iu,
aoi?ie o?iaaiue inouanoaeyao ?anii?yaeeoaeueiua e eii?aeeiaoeeiiiua
ooieoeee, ia o?aoueai o?iaia ooieoeeiiaeueiua ooaau e neoaeau
au?aaaouaatho ?aeiiaiaeaoeee, e /aoaa?oue o?iaaiue eniieieoaeueiue”
[17].

Aeaiiua ia oaeaeueiii aana /eneaiiinoe e oaeaeueiii aana aeioiaeia
eaaeaeie a?oiiu a iaueo iieacaoaeyo ii aaieo auee ia?aaioaiu n iiiiuueth
iaeaoa i?eeeaaeiuo i?ia?aii aeey YAI (?en.1). “Ie?aieaeu yooaeoeaiinoe”
(?en.1), eiathuea oi?io i?aaeeueiiai o?aoaieueieea e eaaae?aoa iieo/eee
iacaaiea eaeaaeueiuo.

Eoae, iniiaiia ooaa?aeaeaiea iaoiaeeee aeaneo:

Ethaia (aaiiao?e/aneia) ioee/ea oi?iu ?aaeueiuo “Ie?aieae yooaeoeaiinoe”
io eaeaaeueiuo i?eaiaeeo e nieaeaieth yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaiou aaiea.

3.4. Iainiiaaiea.

Ia?aua ianeieueei a?aoiaioia iainiiaaiey iaoiaeeee eaaeao a iaeanoe
“auoiaie” eiooeoeee:

ai-ia?auo, eiaiii a aeaea o?aoaieueieea iauaaoaeue-aeeeaoaio
i?aaenoaaeyao naaa ea?a?oeth oi?aaeai/aneeo o?iaiae;

ai-aoi?uo, i?eioeei “ia/aeueiee aeieaeai iieo/aoue aieueoa
iiae/eiaiiiai” iaoae naia aiieiuaiea a ?aaiii oaeaeueiii aana aeioiaeia
a?oii i?e aic?anoathuai oaeaeueiii aana /eneaiiinoe naa?oo aiec.

Anee iauyniyoue neiaeii: auea eniieueciaaia iiaeaeue no?oeoo?u
i?aaiecaoeee, iienuaaaiay ainaiueth ia?aiao?aie, n eiae/aneei e?eoa?eai
yooaeoeaiinoe, o.a. aace?othueiny ia aeaoo ooaa?aeaeaieyo:

1) ioeeiiaiea (ii iaeioi?iio o?iaith) ?aaeueiie “Ie?aieaeu
yooaeoeaiinoe” ii /eneaiiinoe ?aaioathueo io eaeaaeueiie i?eaiaeeo e
ioeeiiaieth io iioeiaeueiie /eneaiiinoe ?aaioathueo (ia yoii o?iaia),
neaaeiaaoaeueii, i?eaiaeeo e ioeeiiaieth io iioeiaeueiie eioaineaiinoe
o?oaea (ia yoii o?iaia) e nieaeaieth yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaiou (yoiai
iiae?acaeaeaiey i?aaiecaoeee);

2) ioeeiiaiea (ii iaeioi?iio o?iaith) ?aaeueiie “Ie?aieaeu
yooaeoeaiinoe” ii aeioiaeai io eaeaaeueiie aeeth/aao a aeaenoaea
i?eioeei “aeioiaeu ia ii o?oaeo” e, i/aaeaeii, i?eaiaeeo e nieaeaieth
yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaiou (yoiai iiae?acaeaeaiey aaiea).

Aeey iainiiaaiey iaoiaeeee eniieueciaaeenue yiie?e/aneea aeaiiua ca
iineaaeiea aeaa aiaea ?aaiou aaiea. I?aeoe/aneea ?acoeueoaou aiaae?aiey
iaoiaeeee (cia/eoaeueiia oaaee/aiea yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaiou aaiea, ?ino
iieacaoaeae i?eaueueiinoe e ?aioaaaeueiinoe, oioy e n eaaii a ianyoe)
iiaeii oaeaea ioianoe a a?aoiaiou ca.

Iaeiiaoe, ioiaoei, /oi eaeaaeueiinoue iaaeo “Ie?aieae yooaeoeaiinoe”
ono?aiyao ana i?aiyonoaey iioeaaoeeiiiiai i?ioeanna (a ?aieao aeaiiie
iaoiaeeee) e i?eaiaeeo e ?aceiio oaaee/aieth iieacaoaeae yooaeoeaiinoe
?aaiou aaiea, /oi iiaeii iauynieoue aioea?aieai ai anai aaiea
iioeaaoeeiiiiai i?eioeeia “ana aeiaieueiu” e, neaaeiaaoaeueii,
oaaee/aieai yooaeoeaiinoe iaaeo?iaiaai acaeiiaeaenoaey.

3.5. ?acthia.

Ana i?eaeiaeueiia – iaaeyaeii. Ianoiyuay iaoiaeeea iiaeao
i?eiaiyoueny aeey oe?ieiai e?oaa i?aaei?eyoee e i?aaiecaoeee (iiaeii
eciaieoue eiee/anoai e eeanneoeeaoeeth oi?aaeai/aneeo o?iaiae eee oi?io
“Ie?aieae yooaeoeaiinoe”, oioy eciaiaiea iineaaeieo iiaeao i?eaanoe e
iioa?a aa?iiie/iinoe e iaaeyaeiinoe, ioee/athueo i?eaaaeaiioth
iaoiaeeeo).

Oaeaea ioiaoei aaaeiue iiiaio i?aeoe/aneie ?aaeecaoeee iaoiaeeee (aea e
ethaie iaoaiaoe/aneie iiaeaee): aunoee iaiaaeaeiaio, iac?eii
i?enoonoaothuee ai a?aiy anaai i?ioeanna aiaeeca e i?eiaiaiey iaoiaeeee
ia i?aeoeea, aeieaeai a i/a?aaeiie ?ac i?eiyoue ia naay “oyaeaeia a?aiy”
[5] i?eiyoey ?aoaiey ii niioaaonoaeth iiaeaee ?aaeueiie neooaoeee a
i?aaiecaoeee e ii aiaae?aieth i?aeoe/aneeo auaiaeia iaoiaeeee.

Iaeiiaoe, caiaoei, /oi iaoiaeeea (aac nouanoaaiiuo eciaiaiee) iiaeao
i?eiaiyoueny eae aeey iaeiie?aoiiai aiaeeca e ei??aeoe?iaee no?oeoo?u
i?aaiecaoeee, oae e aeey iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey no?oeoo?ie aaiea
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiia a?aiy (iiea ei?aiiui ia?acii ia eciaieoueny
aioo?aiiyy eee aiaoiyy n?aaea i?aaiecaoeee).

Caeeth/aiea.

Aeinoeaioou ee iinoaaeaiiua oeaee? O?iaaiue oii?yaei/aiiinoe ciaiee
aaoi?a eo?niaie ?aaiou i nenoaiiii e iaoaiaoe/aneii iiaeoiaeao e
oi?aaeaieth, ianiiiaiii, iiauneeny. I?iecaaei ee aeieaeiia aia/aoeaiea
eceiaeaiea iaoiaeeee iieaaeoo ioeaiea e ?aoeaicey i?aiiaeaaaoaey.

Oeacaoaeai auai?a oaiu e ea?eanii anae ?aaiou auea eaeay “I?eaeiaeueiie
iaoiaeeee aiaeeca aeueoa?iaoeaiuo iiaeoiaeia e oi?ie?iaaieth no?oeoo?u
i?aaiecaoeee” i?e ?ac?aaioea eioi?ie aue i?eiaiai iaeei ec iaueo
aeai?eoiia aiaeeca aeueoa?iaoeaiuo iiaeoiaeia e oi?ie?iaaieth no?oeoo?u
i?aaiecaoeee:

1) aicieeiiaaiea eiie?aoiie neooaoeee (i?iaeaiu);

2) iino?iaiea nenoaiu e nenoaiiue aiaeec;

3) iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea;

4) oi?ioee?iaea auaiaeia.

Cao?oaeiaiey e ia/aoeinoue a eceiaeaiee eo?niaie ?aaiou iaaethaeathony a
nayce n iauae aeey yeiiiie/aneie iaoee i?iaeaia iaiinoiyinoaa
oa?ieiieiae/aneie aacu, a ia?aie/aiea iauaia eo?niaie ?aaiou ia
iicaieeee au i?ieoe aanue iooue io /aoeeo aeaoeieoeee, /a?ac iieiia
?ane?uoea oaiu, e, aieaa eee iaiaa, cia/eiui auaiaeai.

Eeoa?aoo?a.

1. Aeioo ?. Eneonnoai ?aoaiey i?iaeai: Ia?. n aiae. – I.: Ie?, 1982.

2. Aeioo ?. Ieaie?iaaiea aoaeouaai ei?ii?aoeee. – I.: I?ia?ann,
1985.

3. Ainioo E. No?aoaae/aneia oi?aaeaiea. – I.: Yeiiiieea, 1989.

4. Aa?ia? E., Eieee AE.-E. Oieeiaue yeiiiie/aneee e oeiainiaue
neiaa?ue. O?aioeocneay, ?onneay, aiaeeeneay, iaiaoeeay, eniaineay
oa?ieiieiaey: A 2-o o. – O. 2: Ia?. n o?. – I.: Iaaeaeoia?iaeiua
ioiioaiey, 1994.

5. Aeooia A.A. Iniiau iaiaaeaeiaioa: O/aaii-ni?aai/iia iiniaea. –
N.-Ia.: Niaoeeaeueiay eeoa?aoo?a, 1995.

6. Aeooeia A.I. e ae?. Aanaaeu ia oi?aaeaiee. – I.: Iaoea, 1972.

7. Aeooeia A.I. Iae?iyeiiiie/aneea iiaeaee e i?eioeeiu iino?iaiey
IAAN. – I.: Noaoenoeea, 1975.

8. A?aiaa?a A.A. Iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee nioeeaeenoe/aneie yeiiiieee
(Iauea i?eioeeiu iiaeaee?iaaiey e noaoenoe/aneea iiaeaee ia?iaeiiai
oicyenoaa). – I.: Yeiiiieea, 1978.

9. Aeaeiaei I.A. Iaoiaeieiae/aneea i?iaeaiu iaoee oi?aaeaiey
i?iecaiaenoaii. – I.: Iaoea, 1970.

10. AEeciei N., E?oiiia A. Eae noaoue aecianiaiii. Aia?eeaineee
iiuo. – Ieine: I?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, 1990.

11. Eaaieeia TH.I., Eioia A.A. Iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee a yeiiiieea. –
I.: Iaoea, 1979.

12. Iaoaiaoe/aneee yioeeeeiiaaee/aneee neiaa?ue. / Ae.?aae.
TH.A.I?ioi?ia. ?aae.eie.: N.E.Aaeyi, I.N.Aaoaaeia, A.E.Aeothoeeia,
A.I.A?oia, E.Ae.Eoae?yaoeaa, A.E.Iieuee, A.I.THoeaae/. – I.: Nia.
yioeeeeiiaaeey, 1988.

13. Ianeii I.O. e ae?. Iniiau iaiaaeaeiaioa: Ia?. n aiae. – I.:
Aeaei EOAe, 1994.

14. Ieeueia? A.C. I?iaeaiu oi?aaeaiey a nia?aiaiiie Aia?eea. – I.:
Ciaiea, 1974.

15. Iienaaa I.I. Iaoaiaoee caaeaao aii?inu… (I?eaeaoaiea e
aeeaeiao). – I.: Ciaiea, 1974.

16. Iniiau oai?ee iioeiaeueiiai oi?aaeaiey: O/aa. Iiniaea aeey yeii.
aocia / A.O.E?ioia, A.A.Eaaiia, N.I.Eiaaiia e ae?. Iiae ?aae
A.O.E?ioiaa. – I.: Auno.oe., 1990.

17. ?uii/iay yeiiiieea: O/aaiee. A 3-o o. – O. 2. *anoue 1 / Iniiau
aeciana. – I.: Niieioae, 1992.

18. Nenoaiiua enneaaeiaaiey. Aaeaaiaeiee 1971 a. – I.: Iaoea, 1972.

19. Nieiuoeia TH.N. Iainiiaaiea ?aoaiee: (Iaoiaeieiae/aneea aii?inu).
– I.: Yeiiiieea, 1980.

20. Oaaei?aiei I.I. Iaeioi?ua aii?inu oai?ee e i?aeoeee ieaie?iaaiey e
oi?aaeaiey. / AI NNN?. Oeaio?. yeii.-iao. ei-o. – I.: Iaoea, 1979.

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