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Югославия в 40-90х гг. Краткий обзор

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Eiioeeeo “Noaeei – Oeoi” – ia?aue e?ecen a “nioe. eaaa?a” e
?ac?ua THaineaaee n “nia. iiaeaeueth nioeeaeecia”

Eiiaoe 40-o – iaaethaeaeenue iaaei?acoiaiey iaaeaeo eeaea?aie eiiia?oee.

Yoio eiioeeeo (“Noaeei – Oeoi”) noae ia?aui i?iyaeaieai ia?inoathueo
e?ec. yae. a no?aiao “noaeeineie eiia?ee”, eioi?ua ia?aoee a ?yae
ac?uaia ia?iaeiiai iaaiaeiaaiey.

Niaianoiay ai?ueaa ia?iaeia NNN? e THaineaaee a aiaeu Aoi?ie Ie?iaie
Aieiu noaea iniiaie aeey oaeoaeaiey e oe?aieaiey ioiioaiee iaaeaeo ieie.
Ii ni a?aiaiai aicieeee i?iaeaiu, o?aaothuea naaeaine?iaaiiai e
?aaiii?aaiiai iiaeoiaea.

Iaino?aiea niaaonei-thaineaaneeo ioiioaiee i?iecioei iinea ia?aaiai?ia a
Iineaa /1948 a./ iaaeaeo NNN?, Aieaa?eae e THaineaaeae. Noaeei
iio?aaiaae i?enooieoue e iaueaaeeiaieth aeaoo aaeeaineeo no?ai a yaeeiia
oaaea?aoeaiia ain-ai. Aeaeaaaoeey TH. au?aceea i?ioano …

18 ia?oa 1948 a. ec TH. iocuaathony ana niaoeeaeenou e niaaoieee. E.
Oeoi a naiai ienueia au?aaeaao iaoaeiaeaoai?aiea yoei iinooieii . A
ioaaoa /iiaeenai Noaeeiui e Iieioiaui/ aanii/aaiii inoaeaeaeanue aiaoiyy
e aioo?aiiyy iieeoeea TH. e Aieaa?ee, ioia/aeinue, /oi ?oeiaiaenoai EITH
iicaieyao naaa aioeniaaoneea auneacuaaiey, iiaeaea?aeeaaao eai.
yeaiaiou. Ooaa?aeaeaeinue, /oi n?aaee i?aaeoaeuenoa anoue aiaeeeneee
oieii – cai. iei. eiino?aiiuo aeae. Ana yoe oaeou, aeaeaeny auaiae a
ienueia, aucuaatho iaaiaeiaaiea Niaaoneiai i?aaeoaeuenoaa e OeE AEI/a/ e
i?eaiaeyo e oooaeoaieth ioiioaiee iaaeaeo NNN? e TH.

Ia ieaioia OeE EITH /ai?aeue 1948 a./ auee ioeeiiaiu iaaeiaiey e
noi?ioee?iaaii ioiioaiea e eiioeeeoo. A naiai ienueia (2) Oeoi
iiae/a?eioe, /oi nia. ioeaiee aace?othony ia iaoi/iinoe eii?iaoeee e
eeaaaoa; auei i?aaeeiaeaiea ?aoeoue ana i?iaeaiu iooai ia?aaiai?ia a
Aaea?aaea. Ii Noaeei ioeeiiee yoi i?aaeeiaeaiea e cayaee, /oi yoi aeaei
aoaeao ?anniio?aii ia niaaoa Eiieioi?iai?i.

Inaiueth 1948 a. a no?aiao “nioe. eaaa?y” ia/aeanue aioethaineaaneay
eaiiaiey. Iaiai oiaa?ia nie?aoeeny a 8-iue ?ac.

A TH. ia/aeenue a?anou nia. a?aaeaeai, iie iaaeiyeenue a oieiiaaea a
iieueco Niaaoneiai Nithca… Nia. Nithc naeaeae i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea. ii
iineaaeiaae ioeac. Aienea auee a “iieiie aiaaie aioiaiinoe”.

A TH. i?eiaiyeanue nia. iiaeaeue ?acaeoey. A ai?aea 1948 a. aue i?eiyo
caeii i iaoeeiiaeecaoeee, eioi?ue eeeaeaee?iaae /anoiue naeoi? a i?ii.,
ia o?ainii?o e iioiaoth oi?aiaeth. Auea i?iaaaeaia ianniaay
eieeaeoeaecaoee. I?iaeieaeaea oe?aieyoueny oeaio?aeeciaaiiay
aaeieieno?aoeaiay nen-ia oi?aaeaiey e ieaie?iaaiey.

Ii ai aoi?ie iieiaeia 1949 a. TH. ioioea io eiie?iaaiey nia. iaoiaeia.

N 1950 a. a no?aia ia/aee i?iaiaeeoueny iiaua oi?iu e iaoiaeu oi?aaeaiey
:

Auea i?iaaaeaia aeaoeaio?aeecaoeey a oi?. e ieaie?iaaiee yeiiiieee.

I?aaei?eyoeyi auee aeaiu aieueoea naiaiaeu.

Eieeaeoeaecaoeey auea i?ae?auaia.

N/o eiiia?aoeau auee ?aniouaiu /aieueoeinoai/.

?aaeei E. Oeoi A THaineaaee

A 1950 a. Oeoi noi?ioee?iaae no?aoaaeth “?acaeoey”… E i?iaaaeaiea
?aoi?i auei i?ae?auaii (50-a).

A 60-a ia?aae Oeoi noae aii?in i aeaeueiaeoai ?acaeoee no?aiu. Aue
aiciiaeai ?aneie NETH ia o?aeoeee. Ia ia?aue ieai auoiaeeo
iaoeeiiaeueiue aii?in. Aicieeaao eaeay aiaae?aiey ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee.

Iinea iaeioi?uo eieaaaiee iiaeaea?aeae neeu. aunooiaaoea ca ?aoi?iu. A
1964 a. iiaaaeeee ?aoi?iaoi?u. No?aia ioeacaeanue io nia. iaoiaeia
oi?aaeaiey e ia?aoea e ia?ano?ieea yeiiiieee,aeaiie?aoecaoeee iieeoeee,
eoeueoo?u e eaeaieiaee.

THaineaaey a 1980-1990 aiaeu

No?aia aeey auoiaea ec e?ecena auee iaiaoiaeeiu ?aoi?iu a yeiiiieea,
iieeoeea e a Nithca eiiioienoia THaineaaee. Aeaaiay oeaeue yeiiiie/aneie
?aoi?iu – ia?aoiae e ?uieo,ono?aiaiea aiaoaoaeuenoaa ain-aa a
yeiiiieeo.

Ii e eiioeo 1988 a. neooaoeey oooaeoaeanue. Iaaethaeaeny niaae
i?iecaiaenoaa, oooaeoaiea aeeciaiiiai o?iaiy, aunieay aac?aaioeoea, a
aeaaiia – eioeyoeey. I?aaeoaeuenoai ai aeaaa n A. Ieeoee/ai ooei a
ionoaaeo.

A ia?oa 1989 a. oi?ie?iaaiea iiaiai eaaeiaoa auei ii?o/aii Aioa
Ia?eiae/o ec Caa?aaa. I?eaey e aeanoe, iiaia i?aaeoaeuenoai, eae e
i?aaeuaeouaa, iiiaauaei auaanoe no?aio ec e?ecena.

I?ia?aiia, ?ac?aaioaiiay i?aa-ii A. Ia?eiae/a, auea iiaeaia aeey
ooaa?aeaeaiey ia?eaiaioii NO?TH a aeaeaa?a 1989 a. Iinea iciaeiieaiey n
iae ia?eaiaio e iauanoaaiiinoue auee oiee?iaaiu. Iia auea iaauiieieia.
Iai?eia?, i?aaeoniao?eaaeinue n 1-ai yiaa?y 1990 a. naeaeaoue aeeia?
eiiaa?oe?oaiie aaethoie. I?ia?aiia i?aaeoaeuenoaa auea ooaa?aeaeaia e
iii i?enooieei e aa auiieiaieth:

E 1 yiaa?y 1990 a. aeeia? noae eiiaa?oe?oaiie aaethoie a i?aaeaeao
NO?TH.

A ia?aii eaa?oaea eioeyoeey auea i?einoaiiaeaia, a ai aoi?ii – naaaeaia
e ioeth.

Yeiiiieea ia/aea i?iyaeyoue /a?ou ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee.

Yoai ?aoi?i,?ann/eoaiiue ia ia?aia iieoaiaeea 1990 a., oaeaeinue
auiieieoue ia 90%. Auei caoeene?iaaii oaaee/aiea aaethoiiai ?aca?aa ia
nioie ieeeeiiia aeieea?ia, /a?iue aaethoiue ?uiie aue i?aeoe/anee
oie/oiaeai.TH. ia/aea iinoaiaiii auoiaeeoue ec e?ecena.

Niauoey, iaiin?aaenoaaiii iieiaeeaoea ia/aei ?ai?aaiecaoeee iieeo.
neooaoeee a TH., ia/aeenue a ieoya?a 1988 a. ianniaaie caaanoiaeaie a
aaoiiiiiii e?aa Aiaaiaeeia. a aai noieeoea ai?. Iiaue Naae. Ia auiieiea
o?aaiaaiee aanoothueo, i?aaeaiea e?ay iiaeaei a ionoaaeo.A noieeoea
*a?iiai?ee (a. Oeoia?aae) i?ioee aeaiiino?aoeee.

Ia/aeny i?ioeann i?aia?aciaaiee, aucaaiiue oneeaiie iieeo. aeoeaiinoueth
ianaeaiey :

A ia/aea 1989 a. ai anao ?anioaeeeao NO?TH nicaaaeenue iiiceoeeiiiua
NETH ia?oee, oa/aiey, aeaeaeaiey.

Aaniie 1990 a. ia auai?ao a Neiaaiee e Oi?aaoee aanie. aieueoeinoai
iieo/eee iiaua iaoeeiiaeueiua eiaeeoeee.

Nithc eiiioienoia (a aeaoo caiaaeiuo ?ani.) iieiinoueth iioa?ye naie
iiceoeee.

Ia auai?ao 1990 a. a ?ani. i?aaiu aeanoe iiaaaeeee i?ieiiioienoe/aneea
neeu a Na?aee, *a?iiai?ee, Ainiee e Aa?oeaaiaeia, a Iaeaaeiieenn. Auee
i?eiyou iiaua eiinoeoooeee ?ani., a eioi?uo auei iiae/a?eiooi i?aai ia
auoiae ec oaaea?aoeee

Eiiaoe 1990 a. – ia ?aoa?aiaeoia a Neiaaiee 80% ian. auneacaeinue ca
auoiae ec oaaea?aoeee. A Oi?aaoee – 95%. Na?aey e *a?iiai?ey
i?iaeieaeatho n/eoaoue oaaea?aoeeth iaiaoiaeeiie.

Aicieeea iianiinoue iaae?anioieeeaineie aieiu.

A Neiaaiee e Oi?aaoee (iinea auoiaea ec ninoaaa THaineaaee /ethiue 1991
a./) ia/eiathony aiaaua aeaenoaey iaaeaeo iai?iiiuie /anoyie yoeo
?anioaeee e /anoyie THaineaaneie ia?iaeiie a?iee /THIA/.

A Ainiee e Aa?oeaaiaeia (iinea ?aoa?aiaeoia /ia?o 1991 a./) iieiaeaiea
iaino?yaony. Aiaiiua aeaenoaey (i?iaeieaeathony aei na?aaeeiu 1992 a.)
i?eiinyo 140 oun. oaeouie (12 ounth aeaoae), iiyaeyaony aieaa 3-o
ieeeeiiia aaaeaioeaa. Aeaenoaey III ia i?eiinyo aeaeeieai ?acoeueoaoa –
niaeaoaiey i i?ae?auaiee iaiy ia?ooaeinue aeanyoee ?ac

A oaeie neiaeiie neooaoeee i?aaenoaaeoaee Na?aee e *a?iiai?ee i?eieiatho
?aoaiea inoaoueny a ninoaaa aaeeiie oaaea?aoeee.

27 ai?aey 1992 a. – ioeoeeaeueiia i?iaicaeaoaiea Nithciie ?anioaeeee
THaineaaee.

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