.

социальное страхование

Язык: русский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 4344
Скачать документ

67

Niaea?aeaiea

Aaaaeaiea……..……..……..……..……..……..……..……..……..…………51. Iauea i?eioeeiu
?an/aoia ii nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth e iaania/aieth..…….. ..……..
..…….. ..…….. ..…….. ..…….. ..…………….61.1 Iniaaiiinoe nioeeaeueiiai
no?aoiaaiey………………………………..61.2 Nouiinoue e cia/aiea aaaaeaiey aaeeiiai
nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa………..91.3 I ia?ii?eyoeyo ii iaania/aieth o/aoa
aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa……………………………………………..……..……..……..………122 O/ao
e aiaeec ?an/aoia ii nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth e iaania/aieth162.1
Ii?yaeie ?an/aoa e o/aoa io/eneaiee a oiiaeu nioeeaeueiiai
no?aoiaaiey……………………………………..……..……..……..……..….162.2 Aiaeec ia?aciaaiey
e eniieueciaaiey n?aaenoa oiiaeia nioeeaeueiiai
no?aoiaaiey…………………………………………..……..……..……..…..272.3 Iniaaiiinoe ?an/aoia
ii nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth e iaania/aieth n 1.01.2001……………………………………….
..……..……..……………303 Aoaeeo ?an/aoia ii nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth e
iaania/aieth……….373.1 Iiiyoea e nouiinoue
aoaeeoa…………………..……..……..……..……..373.2 I?iaa?ea i?aaeeueiinoe
athaeaeaoiuo e aiaathaeaeaoiuo ieaoaaeae
i?aaei?eyoey…..……..……..……..……..……..……..……..……..……..…..

413.3 Nia?aiaiiia ninoiyiea aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoue a ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee….…..……..……..……..……..……..……..……..……..……..

44Caeeth/aiea……..……..……..……..……..……..……..……..……..……….60Nienie
eniieueciaaiiuo enoi/ieeia……………………………………….61I?eeiaeaiea A. “?an/aoiay
aaaeiiinoue ii n?aaenoaai oiiaea nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey ca 1999
aiae”……………………………………………………63I?eeiaeaiea A. “?an/aoiay aaaeiiinoue ii
n?aaenoaai oiiaea nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey ca 2000
aiae”……..……………………………………………..64I?eeiaeaiea A. “Ieaoaaeiia ii?o/aiea ?
135”…..…… .……..…… .…65I?eeiaeaiea A. “Ieaoaaeiia ii?o/aiea ?
105”…….……………………..66I?eeiaeaiea Ae. “Ieaoaaeiia ii?o/aiea ?
132”…….……………………..67I?eeiaeaiea A “?an/aoiay aaaeiiinoue ii no?aoiaui
aciinai a Iaineiiiue oiiae ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ca 1999
aiae”………………….68I?eeiaeaiea AE “?an/aoiay aaaeiiinoue ii no?aoiaui
aciinai a Iaineiiiue oiiae ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ca 2000
aiae”………………….69I?eeiaeaiea E. “Ieaoaaeiia ii?o/aiea ? 107”..…..……
.……..…… .…70I?eeiaeaiea E. “Ieaoaaeiia ii?o/aiea ? 136”..…..…… .……..……
.…71I?eeiaeaiea E. “Ieaoaaeiia ii?o/aiea ? 106”..…..…… .……..……
.…72I?eeiaeaiea I. “Ieaoaaeiia ii?o/aiea ? 88”……..…… .……..……
.…73I?eeiaeaiea I “?an/aoiay aaaeiiinoue ii n?aaenoaai oiiaea caiyoinoe
ianaeaiey ca 1999 aiae”………………………………………………………74I?eeiaeaiea I “?an/aoiay
aaaeiiinoue ii n?aaenoaai oiiaea caiyoinoe ianaeaiey ca 2000
aiae”………………………………………………………75I?eeiaeaiea ? “?an/aoiay aaaeiiinoue ii
no?aoiaui aciinai a oaaea?aeueiue e oa??eoi?eaeueiue oiiaeu
iaycaoaeueiiai iaaeeoeeineiai no?aoiaaiey ca 1999
aiae”……………………………………………………76I?eeiaeaiea N “?an/aoiay aaaeiiinoue ii
no?aoiaui aciinai a oaaea?aeueiue e oa??eoi?eaeueiue oiiaeu
iaycaoaeueiiai iaaeeoeeineiai no?aoiaaiey ca 200
aiae”……………………………………………………..77I?eeiaeaiea O “Ieaoaaeiia ii?o/aiea
?106”…………………………….78I?eeiaeaiea O “Ieaoaaeiia ii?o/aiea
?107”……………………..…….79I?eeiaeaiea O “Io/ao i i?iaa?ea
oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe oeeeaea AIIO “I?aiao?aaei?no?ie”
NO-829 ca 1998 aiae..82

Aaaaeaiea

Nioeeaeueiia no?aoiaaiea – iauaeoeaiay iaiaoiaeeiinoue. Ia ii?aaeaeaiiii
yoaia ?acaeoey iauanoai aa?ao iiae naith caueoo eeoe, eioi?ua a neio
iaeioi?uo i?e/ei ia iiaoo o?oaeeoueny e iieo/aoue iieaoo ca o?oae.

Iainiiaaiiay nenoaia nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey – iaeia ec i?aaeiinueie
iaania/aiey nioeeaeueiie ni?aaaaeeeainoe, nicaeaiey e iiaeaea?aeaiey
iieeoe/aneie noaaeeueiinoe.

E caaea/ai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey ioiinyony: oi?ie?iaaiea aeaiaaeiuo
oiiaeia, ec eioi?uo iie?uaathony cao?aou, naycaiiua n niaea?aeaieai
iao?oaeiniiniaiuo eee eeoe, ia o/anoaothueo a o?oaeiaii i?ioeanna;
nie?auaiea ?ac?uaa a o?iaia iaoa?eaeueiiai iaania/aiey ia?aaioathueo e
?aaioathueo /eaiia iauanoaa.

O/eouaay iniaoth aaaeiinoue nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey, aai aeeyiea ia
iauanoaaiiua i?ioeannu, ainoaea?noai ai iiiaeo no?aiao nicaeaao nenoaiu
iaycaoaeueiiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey, aeathuea
aiciiaeiinoue cia/eoaeueiie eiioeaio?aoeee ?ano?nia a aaeeiuo oiiaeao e
oai naiui iaania/eaathuea iaaeaaeiie nioeeaeueiie caueoie ianaeaiea
no?aiu.

A ?innee ainoaea?noaaiiia iaycaoaeueiia nioeeaeueiia no?aoiaaiea
i?aaenoaaeaii /aou?ueiy oiiaeaie:

• iaineiiiui;

• iaycaoaeueiiai iaaeeoeeineiai no?aoiaaiey;

• nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey;

• caiyoinoe (aei 2001 a.).

A oi?ie?iaaiee e eniieueciaaiee yoeo oiiaeia anoue naie iniaaiiinoe.
Caaeoiaiiua eae no?aoiaua, iie ia anaaaea niioaaonoaotho i?eioeeiai
oi?ie?iaaiey e eniieueciaaiey no?aoiauo oiiaeia. A eo aeayoaeueiinoe
i/aaeaeiu /a?ou athaeaeaoiiai iiaeoiaea: iaycaoaeueiinoue e
ii?iaoeaiinoue io/eneaiee, ieaiiaia ?anoiaeiaaiea n?aaenoa, ionoonoaea
ia?niieoeeaoeee iaeiieaiee e ae?. Ii yeiiiie/aneie nouiinoe yoe oiiaeu
ia yaeythony no?aoiauie, ii oi?ia iie ioiinyony e aiaathaeaeaoiui
oiiaeai.

Iaeiaei iaeuecy ia ioiaoeoue, /oi ia?yaeo n iaycaoaeueiui
ainoaea?noaaiiui nioeeaeueiui no?aoiaaieai aicieeatho e iinoaiaiii
?acaeaathony iaainoaea?noaaiiua iaineiiiua oiiaeu; iaeioi?ua no?aoiaua
eiiiaiee caeeth/atho aeiaiai?u iaaeeoeeineiai no?aoiaaiey.

A naiae oaia y ?ane?uaath nouiinoue ainoaea?noaaiiie nenoaiu
nioeeaeueiie caueou ianaeaiey, eae e eaeei ia?acii ainoaea?noai aa?ao
iiae naith iiaeo eeoe, eioi?ua a neeo iaeioi?uo i?e/ei ia iiaoo
o?oaeeoueny e iieo/aoue iieaoo ca o?oae; a oae aea nouiinoue aaaaeaiey
aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa.

Aeey io?aaeaiey nouanoaaiiie i?aeoeee ioiineoaeueii o/aoa e aoaeeoa
?an/aoia ii nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth e iaania/aieth iiith a auioneiie
eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiie ?aaioa eniieueciaaiu iaoa?eaeu.

1.1 Iniaaiiinoe nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey

Iaycaoaeueiia nioeeaeueiia no?aoiaaiea — /anoue ainoaea?noaaiiie
nenoaiu nioeeaeueiie caueou ianaeaiey, inouanoaeyaiie a oi?ia
no?aoiaaiey ?aaioathueo a?aaeaeai io aiciiaeiiai eciaiaiey
iaoa?eaeueiiai e nioeeaeueiiai iieiaeaiey, a oii /enea ii ia caaenyuei
io ieo ianoiyoaeuenoaai.

Iaycaoaeueiia nioeeaeueiia no?aoiaaiea ia?acoao nenoaio nicaeaaaaiuo
ainoaea?noaii i?aaiauo, yeiiiie/aneeo e i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo ia?,
iai?aaeaiiuo ia eiiiainaoeeth eee ieieiecaoeeth iineaaenoaee eciaiaiey
iaoa?eaeueiiai e nioeeaeueiiai iieiaeaiea ?aaioathueo, a?aaeaeai, a a
neo/ayo, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii, – ae?oaeo eaoaai?ee
a?aaeaeai a neaaenoaee i?eciaiey eo aac?aaioiuie, o?oaeiaiai oaa/uey eee
i?ioanneiiaeueiiai caaieaaaiey, eiaaeeaeiinoe, aieacie, o?aaiu,
aa?aiaiiinoe e ?iaeia, iioa?e ei?ieeueoea, a oaeaea ianooieaiey
noa?inoe, iaiaoiaeeiinoe iieo/aiey iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue,
naieoa?ii-eo?i?oiiai ea/aiey e ianooieaiey ae?oaeo onoaiiaeaiiuo
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii nioeeaeueiuo no?aoiauo ?eneia, iiaeeaaeaueo
iaycaoaeueiiio nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth.

E iniiaiui i?eioeeiai iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey
ioiinyony:

– onoie/eainoue iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey,
iiaeaea?aeeaaaiay ia iniiaa yeaeaaeaioiinoe no?aoiaiai iaania/aiey e
no?aoiauo aciinia;

– anaiauee iaycaoaeueiue oa?aeoa? nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey,
aeinooiiinoue aeey cano?aoiaaiiuo eeoe ?aaeecaoeee no?aoiauo aa?aioee;

– ainoaea?noaaiiay aa?aioey niaethaeaiey i?aa cano?aoiaaiiuo eeoe ia
caueoo io nioeeaeueiuo no?aoiauo, ?eneia e eniieiaiea iaycaoaeuenoa ii
iaycaoaeueiiio nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth iacaaeneii io oeiainiaiai
iieiaeaiey no?aoiaueea;

– ainoaea?noaaiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea nenoaiu iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai
no?aoiaaiey;

– ia?eoaoiinoue o/anoey i?aaenoaaeoaeae noauaeoa iaycaoaeueiiai
nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey a i?aaiao oi?aaeaiey nenoaiu iaycaoaeueiiai
nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey;

– iaycaoaeueiinoue oieaou no?aoiaaoaeyie no?aoiauo aciinia a athaeaeaou
oiiaeia eiie?aoiuo aeaeia iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey;

– ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca oeaeaaia eniieueciaaiea n?aaenoa iaycaoaeueiiai
nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey;

– iaania/aiea iaaeci?a e iauanoaaiiiai eiio?iey;

– aaoiiiiiinoue oeiainiaie nenoaiu iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai
no?aoiaaiey.

Noauaeoaie iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey yaeythony
no?aoiaaoaee – ?aaioiaeaoaee, no?aoiaueee, cano?aoiaaiiua eeoea.

No?aoiaaoaee – i?aaiecaoeee ethaie i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaie oi?iu, a
oaeaea a?aaeaeaia, eioi?ua aeieaeiu a niioaaonoaee n oaaea?aeueiuie
caeiiaie eiie?aoiuo aeaeao iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey
oiea/eaaoue no?aoiaua aciinu, yaeythueany iaycaoaeueiuie ieaoaaeaie.
No?aoiaaoaeyie aunooiatho oaeaea i?aaiu eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe e i?aaiu
ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey, iaycaiiua oiea/eaaoue no?aoiaua aciinu.

No?aoiaueee – iaeiiia?/aneea i?aaiecaoeee, nicaeaaaaiua aeey iaania/aiey
i?aa cano?aoiaaiiuo eeoe ii iaycaoaeueiiio nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth
i?e ianooieaiea no?aoiauo neo/aaa.

Cano?aoiaaiiua eeoea — a?aaeaeaia ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, a oaeaea
eiino?aiiua a?aaeaeaia e eeoea aac a?aaeaeainoaa, ?aaioathuea ii
o?oaeiaui aeiaiai?ai e eeoea, naiinoiyoaeueii iaania/eaathuea naay
?aaioie, eee ae?oaea eaoaai?ee a?aaeaeai, o eioi?uo aicieeatho ioiioaiey
ii iaycaoaeueiiio nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth.

?acee/atho neaaeothuea aeaeu nioeeaeueiuo no?aoiauo ?eneia:

– iaiaoiaeeiinoue iieo/aiey iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue;

– a?aiaiiay iao?oaeiniiniaiinoue;

– o?oaeiaia oaa/uea e i?ioanneiiaeueiia caaieaaaiea:

– iaoa?einoai;

– eiaaeeaeiinoue;

– ianooieaiea noa?inoe;

– iioa?yth ei?ieeueoea;

– i?eciaiea aac?aaioiui;

– nia?oue cano?aoiaaiiiai eeoea eee iao?oaeiniiniaiinoue /eaiia aai
naiuee, iaoiaeyueony ia aai eaeaeeaaiee.

Ioiioaiey ii iaycaoaeueiiio nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth aicieeatho:

– o no?aoiaaoaey-?aaioiaeaoaey — ii anai aaaeai iaycaoaeueiiai
nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey n iiiaioa caeeth/aiey n ?aaioieeii o?oaeiaiai
aeiaiai?a; o ae?oaeo no?aoiaaoaeae n iiiaioa eo ?aaeno?aoeee
no?aoiaueeii;

– o no?aoiaueea — n iiiaioa ?aaeno?aoeee no?aoiaaoaey;

– o cano?aoiaaiiuo eeoe — ii anai aeaeai iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai
no?aoiaaiey n iiiaioa caeeth/aiey o?oaeiaiai aeiaiai?a n ?aaioiaeaoaeai;

– o eeoe, naiinoiyoaeueii iaania/eaathueo naay ?aaioie, e eiuo eaoaai?ee
a?aaeaeai — n iiiaioa oieaou eie eee ca ieo no?aoiauo aciinia.

?anniio?ei i?ioeann oi?aaeaiey nenoaiie iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai
no?aoiaaiey.

Iaycaoaeueiia nioeeaeueiia no?aoiaaiea i?iaiaeeo no?aoiaueee,
nicaeaaaaiua I?aaeoaeuenoaii ?O, a niioaaonoaee n oaaea?aeueiuie
caeiiaie i eiie?aoiuo aeaeao iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey.
N?aaenoaa iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey yaeythony
oaaea?aeueiie ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoueth. No?aoiaueee
inouanoaeytho iia?aoeaiia oi?aaeaiea n?aaenoaaie iaycaoaeueiiai
nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey.

I?ionithcu e ae?oaea nioeeaeueiua ia?oia?u eiatho i?aai ia ia?eoaoiia
i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoai a i?aaiao, oi?aaeaiey oiiaeia eiie?aoiuo aeaeia
iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey, athaeaeaou eioi?uo
oi?ie?othony ca n/ao no?aoiauo aciinia.

Athaeaeaou oiiaeia eiie?aoiuo aeaeia iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai
no?aoiaaiey ia i/a?aaeiie oeiainiaue aiae ooaa?aeaeathony oaaea?aeueiuie
caeiiaie. Iie ia aoiaeyo a ninoaa oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa, athaeaeaoia
noauaeoia ?O e ianoiuo athaeaeaoia. N?aaenoaa athaeaeaoia oiiaeia
iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey ecuyoeth ia iiaeeaaeao.

Enoi/ieee iinooieaiee aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa a athaeaeaou iaycaoaeueiiai
nioeeaeueiiai noaoiaaiey:

– no?aoiaua aciinu:

– aeioaoeee, ae?oaea n?aaenoaa oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa, a oaeaea
n?aaenoaa ae?oaeo athaeaeaoia a neo/ayo, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee;

– oo?aoiua naieoeee e iaie;

– aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa, aiciauaaiua no?aoiaueeai a ?acoeueoaoa
?aa?anniuo o?aaiaaiee e ioaaonoaaiiui ca i?e/eiaiea a?aaea
cano?aoiaaiiui eeoeai;

– aeioiaeu io ?aciauaiey a?aiaiii naiaiaeiuo aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa
iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey;

– ae?oaea iinooieaiey, ia i?ioeai?a/auea caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee.

?an/aoiie aacie aeey ia/eneaiey No?aoiauo aciinia yaeythony auieaou
ca?aaioiie ieaou. No?aoiaaoaee ia/eneytho no?aoiaua aciinu ia iieaoo
o?oaea, ia/eneaiioth ii anai iniiaaieyi, e ia ae?oaea enoi/ieee
aeioiaeia, onoaiiaeaiiua oaaea?aeueiuie caeiiaie i eiie?aoiuo aeaeao
iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey. No?aoiaua aciinu ?aaioieeia,
?acia? ca?aaioiie ieaou eioi?uo ieaea aaee/eiu i?iaeeoi/iiai ieieioia,
ia aceiathony e aiinyony ca ieo no?aoiaaoaeai-?aaioiaeaoaeai. Aeaeu
auieao, ia eioi?ua ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua aciinu, ii?aaeaeythony
I?aaeoaeuenoaii ?O.

Noiiu no?aoiauo aciinia, oiea/eaaaiua ?aaioieeaie, oaea?aeeaathony
no?aoiaaoaeyie-?aaioiaeaoaeyie i?e auieaoa ca?aaioiie ieaou e
ia?a/eneythony no?aoiaueeo iaeiia?aiaiii ni no?aoiauie aciinaie
no?aoiaaoaey-?aaioiaeaoaey.

Iniiaaieai aeey iacia/aiey e auieaou no?aoiaiai iaania/aiey
cano?aoiaaiiiio eeoeo yaeyaony ianooieaiea aeieoiaioaeueii
iiaeoaa?aeaeaiiiai no?aoiaiai neo/ay.

Ainoaea?noaaiiie aa?aioeae onoie/eainoe iaycaoaeueiiai nioeeaeueiiai
no?aoiaaiey yaeyaony nenoaia aeioaoeee ec oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa. A
/anoiinoe, i?e iaoaaoea aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa aeey iaania/aiey auieao
iainee e iiniaee, iieaou iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue, naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiiai
ea/aiey e ae?oaeo ?anoiaeia i?aaeoniao?eaathony aeioaoeee ec
oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa a ?acia?ao, iicaieythueo iaania/eoue
onoaiiaeaiiua oaaea?aeueiuie caeiiaie i eiie?aoiuo aeaeao iaycaoaeueiiai
nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey auieaou ii iaycaoaeueiiio nioeeaeueiiio
no?aoiaaieth.

Aeiaeaiea a?aiaiii naiaiaeiuo aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa iaycaoaeueiiai
nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey inouanoaeyaony oieueei iiae iaycaoaeuenoaa
I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O.

1.2 Nouiinoue, iaiaoiaeeiinoue e cia/aiea aaaaeaiey aaeeiiai
nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy yeiiiie/aneay iieeoeea ainoaea?noaa iai?aaeaia ia
nicaeaiea oneiaee, iaania/eaathueo oaaee/aiea iauaiia i?iecaiaenoaa
i?iaeoeoeee e ieacaiey oneoa. Aianoa n oai iaaiciiaeii aeiaeoueny
yeiiiie/aneiai ?inoa aac i?iaaaeaiey eiiieaena ia?ii?eyoee, iicaieythueo
oaaee/eoue ieaoaaeaniiniaiue ni?in ianaeaiey, iaeiia?aiaiii iiauoay
ee/iue o?iaaiue aeioiaeia a?aaeaeai.

Iaeiei ec iai?aaeaiee iiaeeecaoeee n?aaenoa, i?aaeiacia/aiiuo aeey
oeiaine?iaaiey ia?ii?eyoee ii ainoaea?noaaiiiio nioeeaeueiiio
no?aoiaaieth, yaeyaony niaa?oainoaiaaiea ?aaiou ii o/aoo e eiio?ieth ca
iinooieaieai no?aoiauo aciinia a ainoaea?noaaiiua nioeeaeueiua
aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu, i /ai naeaeaoaeuenoaoao /anoue aoi?ay Iaeiaiaiai
eiaeaena ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee (IE ?O), i?eiyoay Oaaea?aeueiui caeiiii
io 05.08.2000 ? 117-OC (aeaeaa — Oaaea?aeueiue caeii ? 117-OC), a
niioaaonoaee n eioi?ie n 1 yiaa?y 2001 aiaea aaiaeeony aaeeiue
nioeeaeueiue iaeia.

Eaeay aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa aicieeea ia ia ionoii ianoa. Aua a
1998 aiaeo IIN ?innee i?aaeiieiaeeei aaanoe aeey anao oiiaeia aaeeioth
iaeiaiiaeaaaaioth aaco e ia?aaeaoue ooieoeee o/aoa e eiio?iey iaeiiio
aaaeiinoao, nio?aiyy nouanoaothuee iaoaieci nai?a no?aoiauo aciinia.
Iaeiaei yoe i?aaeeiaeaiey a oi a?aiy inoaeenue iaaino?aaiaaiiuie, ii
i?iaeaiu inoaeenue, eioi?ua e aoaeoo ?aoaiu n aaaaeaieai aaeeiiai
nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa.

Aaaaeaiiue Oaaea?aeueiui caeiiii ? 117-OC aaeeiue nioeeaeueiue iaeia —
aeueoa?iaoeaa nouanoaothuaio ii?yaeeo iaeiaeaiey i?aaei?eyoee aciinaie a
?acee/iua aiaathaeaeaoiua nioeeaeueiua oiiaeu.

Aei 2001 aiaea aeey anao yoeo oiiaeia auea onoaiiaeaia iaeia e oa aea
aaca — auieaou, ia/eneaiiua a iieueco ?aaioieeia, ii noaaee
?acee/athony: Iaineiiiue oiiae ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee (aeaeaa — IO?) —
28 %, oiiaeu iaycaoaeueiiai iaaeeoeeineiai no?aoiaaiey (aeaeaa — OIIN) —
3,6 %, Ainoaea?noaaiiue oiiae caiyoinoe ianaeaiey ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
(aeaeaa — AOCI) — 1,5%, Oiiae nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee (aeaeaa — ONN) —5,4 %—e a niaieoiiinoe ninoaaeytho 38,5%.

?anniio?ei yoio aii?in n iiceoeee iaeiaiieaoaeueueea.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy ieaoaeueuee no?aoiauo aciinia:

– i?aaenoaaeyao ioaeaeueiua oi?iu io/aoia a eaaeaeue oiiae a
onoaiiaeaiiua n?iee;

– i?iecaiaeeo oieaoo no?aoiauo aciinia a n?iee, onoaiiaeaiiua eaaeaeui
oiiaeii.

I?e yoii oiiaeu:

– i?aaeinoaaeytho ion?i/ee ii i?in?i/aiiui ieaoaaeai ia ?acee/iuo
oneiaeyo;

– eaaeaeue oiiae i?iaiaeeo ioaeaeueiua i?iaa?ee i?aaei?eyoee, ?aaioay n
iaeieie e oaie aea aeieoiaioaie ia auieaoo ca?aaioiie ieaou;

– eaaeaeue oiiae eiaao naia iiaiea, eae iaeaaaoue ethaoth auieaoo ec
nouanoaothuaai iiiaeanoaa aeaeia ?acee/iuo auieao ?aaioieeai
i?aaei?eyoey, e aaiaeeo ?acee/iua oneiaey eo iaeiaeaiey.

Ia aeaiiue iiiaio aeaenoaotho nauoa ouny/e ienai, oeacaiee, ?acuyniaiee
oiiaeia, e iaeaeoay ioeaea aooaaeoa?a iiaeao i?eaanoe i?aaei?eyoea ia
a?aiue aaie?ionoaa ec-ca oeiainiauo naieoeee.

Aaeeiue nioeeaeueiue iaeia nieiaao auoaiacaaiiua i?iaeaiu. N aaaaeaieai
aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa ainoaea?noaaiiua aiaathaeaeaoiua
nioeeaeueiua oiiaeu (e?iia AOCI) ia eeeaeaee?othony. Onoaiaaeeaaaony
aaeeiay iaeiaiiaeaaaaiay aaca, nieaeathony ia/eneaiey ia ca?aaioioth
ieaoo (oa?eo no?aoiauo aciinia oiaiueoaaony n 38,5 % aei noaaee aaeeiiai
nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa 35,6 °/a io iaeiaiaie aacu n aaaaeaieai
?aa?anneaiie oeaeu iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey), nie?auaaony io/aoiinoue, aaiaeeony
aaeeiue ii?yaeie i?eiaiaiey oeiainiauo naieoeee e nie?auaaony eiee/anoai
i?iaa?ie ieaoaeueueeia.

Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi aaeeiue nioeeaeueiue iaeia ia i?aaeiieaaaao
oieaoo aai /anoe a AOCI. Ii ia noieo iianaoueny, /oi n eeeaeaeaoeeae
yoiai oiiaea o?oaeyueany eeoaony iiniaee, auiea/eaaaiuo ca n/ao aai
n?aaenoa. N aaaaeaieai aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa iaania/aiea oaeeie
iiniaeyie aoaeao inouanoaeyoueny ec oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa.

*oi eanaaony niaa?oainoaiaaiey iaoaiecia iaeiaiaiai aaeieieno?e?iaaiey a
/anoe ieaoaaeae a ainoaea?noaaiiua nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu,
oi no. 9 Oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia io 05.08.2000 ? 118-OC “I aaaaeaiee a
aeaenoaea /anoe aoi?ie Iaeiaiaiai eiaeaena ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee e
aianaiee eciaiaiee a iaeioi?ua caeiiiaeaoaeueiua aeou ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee i iaeiaao” (aeaeaa — Oaaea?aeueiue caeii ? 118-OC)
i?aaeoniio?aii, /oi n 1 yiaa?y 2001 aiaea eiio?ieue ca i?aaeeueiinoueth
en/eneaiey, iieiioie e naiaa?aiaiiinoueth aianaiey aciinia a
ainoaea?noaaiiua nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu (IO?, ONN e OIIN),
oiea/eaaaiuo a ninoaaa aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa (aciina),
inouanoaeyaony iaeiaiauie i?aaiaie ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee.

E?iia oiai, Oaaea?aeueiue caeii ? 118-OC onoaiiaee, /oi a ioiioaiee
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa iaeiaiaua i?aaiu:

– i?iaiaeyo ana i?aaeoniio?aiiua IE ?O ia?ii?eyoey iaeiaiaiai eiio?iey,
inouanoaeytho acuneaiea noii iaaeieiee, iaiae e oo?aoia ii ieaoaaeai a
ainoaea?noaaiiua nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu;

– inouanoaeytho ca/ao (aica?ao) eceeoia oiea/aiiuo noii aaeeiiai
nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa (aciina) a ii?yaeea, onoaiiaeaiiii IE ?O;

– acuneeaatho noiiu iaaeieiee, iaiae e oo?aoia ii ieaoaaeai a
ainoaea?noaaiiua nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu (IO?, ONN, AOCI,
OIIN), ia?aciaaaoeany ia 1 yiaa?y 2001 aiaea, a ii?yaeea, onoaiiaeaiiii
IE ?O.

E?iia oiai. Oaaea?aeueiue caeii ? 118-OC i?aaeoniio?ae ii?iu,
eanathueany ii?yaeea iiaaoaiey caaeieaeaiiinoe eee aica?aoa eceeoia
oiea/aiiuo noii ii ieaoaaeai a ainoaea?noaaiiua nioeeaeueiua
aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu, a niioaaonoaee n eioi?uie:

– iaeiaiieaoaeueuee, a neo/aa eceeoia oiea/aiiuo no?aoiauo aciinia a
ainoaea?noaaiiua nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu ii ninoiyieth ia 1
yiaa?y 2001 aiaea, eiaao i?aai i?iecaanoe ca/ao yoeo noii a n/ao oieaou
aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa eee i?iecaanoe aica?ao a ii?yaeea,
onoaiiaeaiiii IE ?O;

– iaaeieiea (caaeieaeaiiinoue ii oieaoa iaeiaia e aciinia a IO?, ONN,
AOCI e OIIN) e niioaaonoaothuea iaie aeieaeiu oiea/eaaoueny a ii?yaeea,
aeaenoaothuai aei aaaaeaiey a aeaenoaea /anoe aoi?ie IE ?O, i?e yoii
iaaeieiea, iaie e oo?aou ii aciinai a AOCI oiea/eaathony a oaaea?aeueiue
athaeaeao;

– ii?yaeie e oneiaey i?iaaaeaiey ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee caaeieaeaiiinoe ii
aciinai a ainoaea?noaaiiua nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu,
ia/eneaiiui iaiyi e oo?aoai, eiathueiny o i?aaiecaoeee ii ninoiyieth ia
1 yiaa?y 2000 aiaea ii?aaeaeythony I?aaeoaeuenoaii ?O;

– ion?i/ee (?ann?i/ee) ii oieaoa aciinia, i?aaeinoaaeaiiua IO?, ONN,
AOCI e OIIN aei aaaaeaiey a aeaenoaea /anoe aoi?ie IE ?O, a oaeaea
?aoaiey i ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee noii caaeieaeaiiinoe ii aciinai e
ia/eneaiiui iaiyi a oeacaiiua ainoaea?noaaiiua nioeeaeueiua
aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu, i?eiyoua aei aaaaeaiey a aeaenoaea /anoe aoi?ie
IE ?O, i?eiaiythony a niioaaonoaee n oneiaeyie, ia eioi?uo iie auee
i?aaeinoaaeaiu;

– n 1 yiaa?y 2001 aiaea i?e ia?ooaiee iaeiaiieaoaeueueeii oneiaee, ia
iniiaaiee eioi?uo auea i?aaeinoaaeaia ion?i/ea (?ann?i/ea) ii oieaoa
no?aoiauo aciinia a ainoaea?noaaiiua nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua
oiiaeu, eeai oneiaee oieaou iaeiaia i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiuo
aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaeia ia iniiaaiee i?aaenoaaeaiey iaeiaiauo i?aaiia a
oa/aiea 5 aeiae aoaeao i?eieiaoueny ?aoaiea ia ioiaia i?aaeinoaaeaiey
ion?i/ee (?ann?i/ee). I?e yoii noiia caaeieaeaiiinoe aoaeao
acuneeaaoueny iaeiaiauie i?aaiaie a ii?yaeea, onoaiiaeaiiii IE ?O.

Noaoueae 9 Oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia ? 118-OC iniai ioia/aii, /oi ii?yaeie
?anoiaeiaaiey n?aaenoa, oiea/eaaaiuo (ca/eneyaiuo) a auoaoeacaiiua
oiiaeu, a oaeaea eiua oneiaey, naycaiiua n eniieueciaaieai yoeo
n?aaenoa, onoaiaaeeaathony caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ia
iaycaoaeueiii nioeeaeueiii no?aoiaaiee, oi anoue ca oiiaeaie inoathony
ooieoeee ?anoiaeiaaiey n?aaenoa ii ainoaea?noaaiiiio iaineiiiiio,
nioeeaeueiiio e iaaeeoeeineiio no?aoiaaieth.

E?iia oiai, nio?aiaiu iniaaiiinoe en/eneaiey e oieaou aciinia ia
iaycaoaeueiia nioeeaeueiia no?aoiaaiea io ian/anoiuo neo/aaa ia
i?iecaiaenoaa e i?ioanneiiaeueiuo caaieaaaiee e aciinia ia iaycaoaeueiia
iaaeeoeeineia no?aoiaaiea ia?aaioathuaai ianaeaiey a OIIN, a eiaiii:

– aciinu ia iaycaoaeueiia nioeeaeueiia no?aoiaaiea io ian/anoiuo neo/aaa
ia i?iecaiaenoaa e i?ioanneiiaeueiuo caaieaaaiee ia aeeth/athony a
ninoaa aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa (aciina) e oiea/eaathony a
niioaaonoaee n oaaea?aeueiuie caeiiaie ia yoii aeaea nioeeaeueiiai
no?aoiaaiey (no. 11 Oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia ? 118-OC);

– aciinu ia iaycaoaeueiia iaaeeoeeineia no?aoiaaiea ia?aaioathuaai
ianaeaiey a OIIN i?iecaiaeyony i?aaiaie eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe ca n/ao
n?aaenoa, i?aaeoniao?eaaaiuo ia yoe oeaee a niioaaonoaothueo athaeaeaoao
(no. 19 Oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia ? 118-OC).

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy eiio?ieue ca iinooieaieai n?aaenoa ii auoaiacaaiiui
aeaeai no?aoiaaiey inouanoaeyaony niioaaonoaothueie oiiaeaie.

Oaia?ue ?anniio?ei aieaa iiae?iaii iniiaiua iieiaeaiey aeaau 24 “Aaeeiue
nioeeaeueiue iaeia (aciin)” /anoe aoi?ie IE ?O.

I?aaeaea anaai neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi iaaeaaeaeu aooaaeoa?neeo
?aaioieeia ia oi, /oi i?e ?ac?aaioea aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa
aoaeao i?eiaiai i?eioeei, caeiaeaiiue a iaeiaa ia aiaiaiiue aeioiae aeey
ii?aaeaeaiiuo aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe, i?e eioi?ii iaeia ?ann/eouaaaony e
ia?a/eneyaony iaeiie noiiie, ia ii?aaaeaeenue.

Noiia aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa (aeaeaa — iaeia) aeieaeia
en/eneyoueny iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie ioaeaeueii ii eaaeaeiio nioeeaeueiiio
aiaathaeaeaoiiio oiiaeo (IO?, ONN, Oaaea?aeueiiio e oa??eoi?eaeueiui
OIIN) e, nei?aa anaai, aoaeao ia?a/eneyoueny ia n/aoa oiiaeia
ioaeaeueiuie ieaoaaeiuie ii?o/aieyie.

Iaeiaiieaoaeueueee (no. 235)

Aeaaa 24 /anoe aoi?ie IE ?O ?anoe?eea e?oa ieaoaeueueeia, a eiaiii:
ieaoaeueueeaie aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa noaee oece/aneea eeoea,
aunooiathuea a ea/anoaa ?aaioiaeaoaeae e i?iecaiaeyuea auieaou iaaiiui
?aaioieeai.

Oaia?ue caeiiiaeaoaeueii cae?aieaia ii?ia (i. 2 no. 235), a niioaaonoaee
n eioi?ie, anee iaeiaiieaoaeueuee iaeiia?aiaiii ioiineony e ianeieueeei
eaoaai?eyi iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia, oeacaiiui a iiaeioieoao 1 e 2 i. 1 no.
235 IE ?O, ii i?eciaaony ioaeaeueiui iaeiaiieaoaeueueeii ii eaaeaeiio
ioaeaeueii acyoiio iniiaaieth, a eiaiii: eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua
i?aaei?eieiaoaee, ?iaeiaua, naiaeiua iaueiu iaei/eneaiiuo ia?iaeia
Naaa?a, caieiathueany o?aaeeoeeiiiuie io?aneyie oicyenoaiaaiey,
e?anoueyineea (oa?ia?neea) oicyenoaa, aaeaieaou yaeythony ieaoaeueueeaie
nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa eae ni naiaai aeioiaea, oae e n aeioiaea,
ia/eneaiiiai a iieueco iaaiiuo ?aaioieeia.

A aeaaa 24 nio?aiaia ii?ia, a niioaaonoaee n eioi?ie ia yaeythony
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie i?aaiecaoeee e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua i?aaei?eieiaoaee,
ia?aaaaeaiiua a niioaaonoaee n ii?iaoeaiuie (i?aaiauie) aeoaie noauaeoia
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ia oieaoo iaeiaa ia aiaiaiiue aeioiae aeey
ii?aaeaeaiiuo aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe, a /anoe aeioiaeia, iieo/aaiuo io
inouanoaeaiey yoeo aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe.

Iauaeo iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey (no, 236)

I?iecioei cia/eoaeueiia ?anoe?aiea iauaeoia iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey ii
n?aaiaieth n aeaenoaothueie a ianoiyuaa a?aiy ii?iaie aeey en/eneaiey
no?aoiauo aciinia a ainoaea?noaaiiua nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua
oiiaeu.

Oae, ia?yaeo n ?aiaa iaeaaaaiuie auieaoaie, aiciaa?aaeaeaieyie e eiuie
aeioiaeaie, ia/eneyaiuie ?aaioiaeaoaeyie a iieueco ?aaioieeia ii anai
iniiaaieyi, a oii /enea aiciaa?aaeaeaieyie ii aeiaiai?ai
a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaiai oa?aeoa?a, i?aaeiaoii eioi?uo

yaeyaony auiieiaiea ?aaio (ieacaiea oneoa), a oaeaea ii aaoi?neei
aeiaiai?ai, iauaeoii iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey n 1 yiaa?y 2001 aiaea aoaeoo
auieaou, i?iecaiaeeiua ii eeoeaiceiiiui aeiaiai?ai, a oaeaea auieaou a
aeaea iaoa?eaeueiie iiiiue e eiua aacaiciacaeiua auieaou
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia (?aaioiaeaoaeae) (ca eneeth/aieai
iaeiaiieaoaeuoeeeia-oece/aneeo^eoe) a iieueco oece/aneeo eeoe. ia
naycaiiuo n iaeiaiieaoaeueueeii o?oaeiaui aeiaiai?ii eeai aeiaiai?ii
a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaiai oa?aeoa?a, i?aaeiaoii eioi?iai yaeyaony
auiieiaiea ?aaio (ieacaiea oneoa), aaoi?neei eee eeoeaiceiiiui
aeiaiai?ii. *oi eanaaony ONN, oi a aai iaeiaiiaeaaaaioth aaco ia
aeeth/athony ethaua aiciaa?aaeaeaiey, auiea/eaaaiua ?aaioieeai ii
aeiaiai?ai a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaiai oa?aeoa?a, aaoi?neei e eeoeaiceiiiui
aeiaiai?ai (i. 3 no. 238). Aeaiiue iiaeoiae e iaeiaiiaeiaeaieth ii ONN
aeaenoaoao e a ianoiyuaa a?aiy.

A ioiioaiee eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo i?aaei?eieiaoaeae nio?aieeny iiaeoiae e
iaeiaiiaeiaeaieth, aeaenoaothuee aei anooieaiey a neeo aeaau 24, a
eiaiii: iauaeoii iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey yaeythony aeioiaeu io
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie eeai eiie i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe ca
au/aoii ?anoiaeia, naycaiiuo n eo ecaea/aieai. N 2001 aiaea oaeie aea
ii?yaeie oieaou onoaiiaeai e aeey ?iaeiauo, naiaeiuo iauei iaei/eneaiiuo
ia?iaeia Naaa?a, caieiathueony o?aaeeoeeiiiuie io?aneyie oicyenoaiaaiey,
e?anoueyineeo (oa?ia?neeo) oicyenoa, aaeaieaoia.

Aeey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo i?aaei?eieiaoaeae, i?eiaiythueo oi?iuaiioth
nenoaio iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, nio?aiaia ii?ia, a niioaaonoaee n eioi?ie
iauaeoii iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey yaeyaony aeioiae, ii?aaeaeyaiue enoiaey ec
noieiinoe iaoaioa.

Iaeiaiaay aaca (no. 237)

Aeaaie 24 i?aaeoniio?aii, /oi i?e ii?aaeaeaiee iaeiaiaie aacu
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie (?aaioiaeaoaeyie) o/eouaathony ethaua aeioiaeu (ca
eneeth/aieai aeioiaeia, oeacaiiuo a no. 238 IE ?O), ia/eneaiiua
?aaioieeai a aeaiaaeiie eee iaoo?aeueiie oi?ia, a aeaea iaoa?eaeueiuo,
nioeeaeueiuo e eiuo aeaa eee a aeaea eiie iaoa?eaeueiie auaiaeu.

Noaouey 237 niaea?aeeo niaa?oaiii iiaoth ii?io, a niioaaonoaee n eioi?ie
auoaoeacaiiua auieaou [auieaou a aeaea iaoa?eaeueiie iiiiue e eiua
aacaiciacaeiua auieaou iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia (?aaioiaeaoaeae) a iieueco
oece/aneeo eeoe, ia naycaiiuo n iaeiaiieaoaeueueeii o?oaeiaui aeiaiai?ii
eeai aeiaiai?ii a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaiai oa?aeoa?a, i?aaeiaoii eioi?iai
yaeyaony auiieiaiea ?aaio (ieacaiea oneoa), aaoi?neei eee eeoeaiceiiiui
aeiaiai?ii] ia i?eciathony iauaeoii iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, anee iie
i?iecaiaeyony ec i?eauee, inoathuaeny a ?anii?yaeaiee i?aaiecaoeee.

Iiaui yaeyaony e oi, /oi auieaou a aeaea iaoa?eaeueiie iiiiue, eiua
aacaiciacaeiua auieaou, a oaeaea auieaou a iaoo?aeueiie oi?ia,
i?iecaiaeeiua naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeeae e (eee) oiaa?aie aeey
aeaoae, ia i?eciathony iauaeoii iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey a /anoe noii, ia
i?aauoathueo 1000 ?oaeae a ?an/aoa ia eaeaiaea?iue ianyoe.

Iniaaiiinoueth aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa yaeyaony oi, /oi
?aaioiaeaoaeue aeieaeai aoaeao ii?aaeaeyoue iaeiaiaoth aaco ioaeaeueii
ii eaaeaeiio ?aaioieeo n ia/aea iaeiaiaiai ia?eiaea ii enoa/aiee
eaaeaeiai ianyoea ia?anoathuei eoiaii.

Ioieoii 2 no. 237 /anoe aoi?ie IE ?O onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e ii?aaeaeaiee
iaeiaiaie aacu ia o/eouaathony aeioiaeu, iieo/aiiua ?aaioieeaie io
ae?oaeo ?aaioiaeaoaeae (oi anoue ii ianeieueeei ianoai ?aaiou).

Anee ?aaioiee iieo/aao iaeiaiiaeaaaaiua aeioiaeu io ianeieueeeo
?aaioiaeaoaeae e niaieoiiay iaeiaiaay aaca, en/eneaiiay ii ianeieueeei
ianoai ?aaiou, iiaeiaaeaao iiae eioth noaaeo nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa, i?aai
ia ca/ao eee aica?ao eceeoia oiea/aiiuo noii iaeiaa ia aicieeaao. Yoi
iaoneiaeaii oai, /oi ieaoaeueueeii aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa
yaeyaony ia nai ?aaioiee, a ?aaioiaeaoaeue. I?e yoii i?iecaiaeeony
ia/eneaiea iaeiaa ia auieaou a iieueco ?aaioieea, a ia aai oaea?aeaiea n
ca?aaioiie ieaou, eae a iiaeioiaeiii iaeiaa.

*oi eanaaony iaeiaiaie aacu aeey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo i?aaei?eieiaoaeae,
?iaeiauo, naiaeiuo iauei iaei/eneaiiuo ia?iaeia Naaa?a, caieiathueony
o?aaeeoeeiiiuie io?aneyie oicyenoaiaaiey, e?anoueyineeo (oa?ia?neeo)
oicyenoa, aaeaieaoia, oi i?e aa en/eneaiee eiaaony ionuei/iay ii?ia e
ioaeaeueiui noaoueyi aeaau 23 “Iaeia ia aeioiaeu oece/aneeo eeoe” IE ?O,
a niioaaonoaee n eioi?ie e ?anoiaeai iiaoo auoue ioianaiu oieueei
“i?ioanneiiaeueiua iaeiaiaua au/aou” (no. 221). Ioianaiea e ?anoiaeai
“noaiaea?oiuo iaeiaiauo au/aoia” (no. 218 aeaau 23 IE ?O), “nioeeaeueiuo
iaeiaiauo au/aoia” (no. 219) e “eiouanoaaiiuo iaeiaiauo au/aoia” (no.
220), eioi?ua o/anoaotho a ?an/aoa iiaeioiaeiiai iaeiaa, i?e ?an/aoa
aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa caeiiii cai?auaii (i. 3 no. 237 aeaau 24
IE_?O).

Iiaui yaeyaony aua e oi, /oi n aaaaeaieai a aeaenoaea aeaau 24 IE ?O
iaeiaiaay aaca ?anoe?yaony ia noiio aeiiieieoaeueiie iaoa?eaeueiie
auaiaeu, e eioi?ie, a /anoiinoe ioiinyony:

— aeiiieieoaeueiay auaiaea io iieaou (iieiinoueth eee /anoe/ii)
?aaioiaeaoaeai i?eia?aoaaiuo aeey ?aaioieea e (eee) /eaiia aai naiuee
oiaa?ia (?aaio, oneoa) eee i?aa, a oii /enea eiiioiaeueiuo oneoa,
ieoaiey, ioaeuoa, iao/aiey a eioa?anao ?aaioieea;

— aeiiieieoaeueiay auaiaea io i?eia?aoaiey ?aaioieeii e (eee) /eaiaie
aai naiuee o ?aaioiaeaoa-

ey oiaa?ia (?aaio, oneoa) ia oneiaeyo, aieaa auaiaeiuo ii n?aaiaieth n
i?aaeinoaaeyaiuie a iau/iuo oneiaeyo eo i?iaeaaoeaie, ia yaeythueieny
acaeiicaaeneiuie n iieoiaoaeyie (eeeaioaie);

— iaoa?eaeueiay auaiaea a aeaea yeiiiiee ia i?ioeaioao i?e iieo/aiee
?aaioieeii io ?aaioiaeaoaey caaiiuo n?aaenoa ia eueaioiuo oneiaeyo,
ii?aaeaeyaiay ii i?aaeeai, i?aaeoniio?aiiui i. 2 no. 212 IE?O;

— iaoa?eaeueiay auaiaea, iieo/aaiay ?aaioieeii a aeaea noiiu no?aoiauo
aciinia ii aeiaiai?ai aeia?iaieueiiai no?aoiaaiey (ca eneeth/aieai noii
no?aoiauo aciinia, oeacaiiuo a iiaeioieoa 9 i. 1 no. 238 IE ?O), a
neo/aa anee no?aoiaua aciinu iieiinoueth eee /anoe/ii aiineeenue ca iaai
?aaioiaeaoaeai.

Iniai oi/aony ioiaoeoue, /oi aei aaaaeaiey aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa
aai i?ioeaieee aiai?eee, /oi “nioeeaeueiue iaeia” iiaeao anao inoaaeoue
aac iiniaee ii ainoaea?noaaiiiio nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth, /oi o ONN
anoue nae/an i?aai ?anoiaeiaaiey ia/eneaiiuo no?aoiauo aciinia ‘ia
auieaoo iiniaee ii a?aiaiiie iao?oaeiniiniaiinoe e ae?oaeo iiniaee
iaiin?aaenoaaiii ia i?aaei?eyoee, a a ONN ia?a/eneyoue oieueei ?acieoeo.
Ia aoaeao ee icia/aoue aaaaeaiea nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa ioiaio oaeiai
i?aaa, ia i?eaeaony ee iioii ?aaioathuei ia i?aaei?eyoee eaeoe aua a
eaeea-oi o/?aaeaeaiey, noiyoue a i/a?aaee ca iieo/aieai naieo aeaiaa?

Oae aio, a aeaaa 24 /anoe aoi?ie IE ?O nio?aiai “inoaoi/iue i?eioeei”
ii?aaeaeaiey iaeiaiaie aacu ii ONN, a eiaiii: noiia iaeiaa, ca/eneyaiay
a ninoaaa nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa a ONN, iiaeeaaeeo oiaiueoaieth
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie ia i?iecaaaeaiiua eie naiinoiyoaeueii ?anoiaeu ia
oeaee ainoaea?noaaiiiai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey, i?aaeoniio?aiiua
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee (i. 2 no. 243).

Noiiu, ia iiaeeaaeauea iaeiaiiaeiaeaieth (no. 238)

A IE ?O i?aaeoniio?aiu ia?u eae oaeanoi/athua-ai oa?aeoa?a, oae e
i?aaeinoaaeaiey aeiiieieoaeueiuo eueaio ii oieaoa nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa a
ioiioaiee noii, ia iiaeeaaeaueo iaeiaiiaeiaeaieth, ii n?aaiaieth n
ia?a/iyie auieao, ia eioi?ua ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua aciinu.

Aieaa ia?aie/aiu aeaeu iaoa?eaeueiie iiiiue, ieacuaaaiie ?aaioieeai (i.
3 no. 238), eioi?ua ia iaeaaathony nioeeaeueiui iaeiaii.

A ioee/ea io ?aiaa aeaenoaiaaaoeo caeiiiaeaoaeueiuo aeoia ioia/aaony
aieaa oe?ieay nioeeaeueiay iai?aaeaiiinoue Oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia ?
117-OC.

Oae, aeaaie 24 (iiaeioieoaie 4, 5 i. 1 no. 238 IE ?O) i?aaeoniio?aiu
ii?iu, a niioaaonoaee n eioi?uie a ninoaa aeioiaeia, iiaeeaaeaueo
iaeiaiiaeiaeaieth, ia aeeth/athony noiiu, auiea/aiiua ?aaioiaea-

oaeyie ca n/ao n?aaenoa, inoaaoeony a eo ?anii?yaeaiee iinea oieaou
iaeiaa ia aeioiaeu i?aaiecaoeee, a eiaiii:

— noiiu iieiie eee /anoe/iie eiiiainaoeee noieiinoe iooaaie a
?aniieiaeaiiua ia oa??eoi?ee ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiua
e icaei?iaeoaeueiua o/?aaeaeaiey (ca eneeth/aieai oo?enoe/aneeo
iooaaie), auiea/eaaaiua ?aaioiaeaoaeyie naiei ?aaioieeai e (eee) /eaiai
eo naiae;

— noiiu, oiea/aiiua ?aaioiaeaoaeyie ca ea/aiea e iaaeeoeeineia
ianeoaeeaaiea ?aaioieeia, eo noi?oaia, ?iaeeoaeae eee aeaoae, i?e
iaee/ee o iaaeeoeeineeo o/?aaeaeaiee niioaaonoaothueo eeoeaicee, a
oaeaea i?e iaee/ee aeieoiaioia, iiaeoaa?aeaeathueo oaeoe/aneea ?anoiaeu
ia ea/aiea e iaaeeoeeineia ianeoaeeaaiea.

Oeacaiiua aeioiaeu inaiaiaeaeathony io iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey eae a neo/aa
aaciaee/iie iieaou ?aaioiaeaoaeyie iaaeeoeeineei o/?aaeaeaieyi ?anoiaeia
ia ea/aiea e iaaeeoeeineia ianeoaeeaaiea ?aaioieeia (/eaiia eo naiae),
oae e i?e auaea/a aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa, i?aaeiacia/aiiuo ia yoe oeaee
iaiin?aaenoaaiii ?aaioieeo (/eaiai aai naiuee), eee ca/eneaiee n?aaenoa,
i?aaeiacia/aiiuo ia yoe oeaee, ia n/aoa ?aaioieeia (/eaiia eo naiae) a
o/?aaeaeaieyo aaieia.

Ia iaoa?eaeueioth iiiiuue, ieacuaaaioth auaoei ?aaioieeai, oaieeaoeiny a
nayce n auoiaeii ia iaineth ii eiaaeeaeiinoe eee ii aic?anoo, a ninoaa
aeioiaeia ia aeeth/athony noiiu, ia i?aauoathuea a aiae 2000 ?oaeae.

Oaeiaeaoai?aiu aeieaiaeaeaiiua i?inueau e iaeeaeaiey naaeiaiaeia a /anoe
inaiaiaeaeaiey io oieaou no?aoiauo aciinia a ainoaea?noaaiiua
nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu.

Oaia?ue a niioaaonoaee n iiaeioieoii 10 i. 1 no. 238 /anoe aoi?ie IE ?O
a iaeiaiiaeaaaaioth aaco ia aeeth/athony noiiu, auiea/eaaaiua ca n/ao
/eaineeo aciinia naaeiaiae/aneeie, naaeiai-iai?iaeiuie,
aa?aaeii-no?ieoaeueiuie e aeeeeuii-no?ieoaeueiuie eiiia?aoeaaie
(oiaa?euanoaaie) eeoeai, auiieiythuei ?aaiou (ieacuaathuei oneoae) aeey
oeacaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee.

*oi eanaaony aeioiaeia /eaiia e?anoueyineiai (oa?ia?neiai) oicyenoaa, oi
a ninoaa aeioiaeia, iiaeeaaeaueo iaeiaiiaeiaeaieth, ia aeeth/athony
aeioiaeu, eioi?ua iieo/aiu a yoii oicyenoaa io i?iecaiaenoaa e
?aaeecaoeee naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee, a oaeaea io i?iecaiaenoaa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee, aa ia?a?aaioee e ?aaeecaoeee, a
oa/aiea iyoe eao ia/eiay n aiaea ?aaeno?aoeee oicyenoaa.

Ianoiyuay ii?ia i?eiaiyaony a ioiioaiee aeioiaeia oao /eaiia
e?anoueyineiai (oa?ia?neiai) oicyenoaa, eioi?ua ?aiaa ia iieueciaaeenue
oaeie ii?iie, eae /eaiu ae?oaiai iiaeiaiiai oicyenoaa (iiaeioieo 7 i. 1
no. 238).

E?iia oiai, iiaeioieoii 8 i. 1 no. 238 aaaaeaia ii?ia, a niioaaonoaee n
eioi?ie a ninoaa aeioiaeia, iiaeeaaeaueo iaeiaiiaeiaeaieth, ia
aeeth/athony aeioiaeu (ca eneeth/aieai iieaou o?oaea iaaiiuo
?aaioieeia), iieo/aaiua /eaiaie ?iaeiauo, naiaeiuo iauei iaei/eneaiiuo
ia?iaeia Naaa?a, a neo/aa anee aeaiiua iaueiu ca?aaeno?e?iaaiu a
onoaiiaeaiiii ii?yaeea, io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee, iieo/aiiie a
?acoeueoaoa aaaeaiey eie o?aaeeoeeiiiuo aeaeia i?iiunea.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy no?aoiaua aciinu a ainoaea?noaaiiua nioeeaeueiua
aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu ia auoaia?a/eneaiiua aeioiaeu ia/eneythony.

Iaeiaiaua eueaiou (no. 239)

A ioee/ea io ?aiaa aeaenoaiaaaoaai ii?yaeea aeaaie 24 aaaaeaiu
ia?aie/aiey ii eueaioai, i?aaeinoaaeyaiui a aeaea inaiaiaeaeaiey io
oieaou iaeiaa.

Oae, i?aaiecaoeee ethauo i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiauo oi?i inaiaiaeaeaiu io
oieaou iaeiaa n noii aeioiaeia, ia i?aauoathueo 100 000 ?oaeae a oa/aiea
iaeiaiaiai ia?eiaea, ia/eneaiiuo ?aaioieeai, yaeythueiny eiaaeeaeaie 1,
II e III a?oii.

Aeey ae?oaeo eueaioiuo eaoaai?ee ?aaioiaeaoaeae aaaaeai oaeaea e?eoa?ee
aei 100 000 ?oaeae, ii n iaeioi?uie iniaaiiinoyie aai en/eneaiey, a
eiaiii: oaeiaua inaiaiaeaeaiu io oieaou iaeiaa n noii aeioiaeia, ia
i?aauoathueo 100 000 ?oaeae a oa/aiea iaeiaiaiai ia?eiaea ia eaaeaeiai
ioaeaeueiiai ?aaioieea, iacaaeneii io oiai, yaeyaony ii eiaaeeaeii eee
iao. Aeaiiue e?eoa?ee onoaiiaeai aeey:

— iauanoaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee eiaaeeaeia (a oii /enea nicaeaiiuo eae
nithcu iauanoaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee eiaaeeaeia), n?aaee /eaiia eioi?uo
eiaaeeaeu e eo caeiiiua i?aaenoaaeoaee ninoaaeytho ia iaiaa 80 %, e eo
no?oeoo?iuo iiae?acaeaeaiee;

— i?aaiecaoeee, onoaaiue eaieoae eioi?uo iieiinoueth ninoieo ec aeeaaeia
iauanoaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee eiaaeeaeia e a eioi?uo n?aaeianieni/iay
/eneaiiinoue eiaaeeaeia ninoaaeyao ia iaiaa 50 %, a aeiey ca?aaioiie
ieaou eiaaeeaeia a oiiaea iieaou o?oaea ninoaaeyao ia iaiaa 25 %;

— o/?aaeaeaiee, nicaeaiiuo aeey aeinoeaeaiey ia?aciaaoaeueiuo,
eoeueoo?iuo, ea/aaii-icaei?iaeoaeueiuo, oeceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaiuo,
iao/iuo, eioi?iaoeeiiiuo e eiuo nioeeaeueiuo oeaeae, a oaeaea aeey
ieacaiey i?aaiaie e eiie iiiiue eiaaeeaeai, aeaoyi-eiaaeeaeai e eo
?iaeeoaeyi, aaeeinoaaiiuie nianoaaiieeaie eiouanoaa eioi?uo yaeythony
oeacaiiua iauanoaaiiua i?aaiecaoeee eiaaeeaeia (aeaiiay eaoaai?ey
?aaioiaeaoaeae ?aiaa io oieaou no?aoiauo aciinia a ainoaea?noaaiiua
nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu ia inaiaiaeaeaeanue).

Aiaeiae/iia ia?aie/aiea onoaiiaeaii aeey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo
i?aaei?eieiaoaeae, ?iaeiauo, naiaeiuo iauei iaei/eneaiiuo ia?iaeia
Naaa?a, caieiathueony o?aaeeoeeiiiuie io?aneyie oicyenoaiaaiey,
e?anoueyineeo (oa?ia?neeo) oicyenoa, aaeaieaoia, yaeythueony eiaaeeaeaie
1, II e III a?oii, a eiaiii: oaeiaua inaiaiaeaeaiu io oieaou aaeeiiai
nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa a /anoe aeioiaeia io eo i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie
aeayoaeueiinoe e eiie i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe a ?acia?a, ia
i?aauoathuai 100 000 ?oaeae a oa/aiea iaeiaiaiai ia?eiaea.

Iiaeioieoii 4 i. 1 no. 239 IE ?O aaaaeaia iiaay eueaioa, eanathuayny
inaiaiaeaeaiey io oieaou aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa a /anoe noii
iaeiaa, ca/eneyaiuo a ONN, eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo i?aaei?eieiaoaeae,
?iaeiauo, naiaeiuo iauei iaei/eneaiiuo ia?iaeia Naaa?a, caieiathueony
o?aaeeoeeiiiuie io?aneyie oicyenoaiaaiey, e?anoueyineeo (oa?ia?neeo)
oicyenoa, aaeaieaoia. Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi ?aiaa a ioiioaiee
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo i?aaei?eieiaoaeae aeaenoaiaae i?eioeei
“aeia?iaieueiinoe”, oi anoue eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua i?aaei?eieiaoaee
iieueciaaeenue iiniaeyie ii ainoaea?noaaiiiio nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth
oieueei a neo/aa oieaou no?aoiauo aciinia a ONN. Oaia?ue aaaaeaiiay
ii?ia nei?aa anaai ia eeoaao i?aaa ia iaania/aiea iiniaeyie ii
ainoaea?noaaiiiio nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth, oae eae aeaiiay eaoaai?ey
ioianaia e ieaoaeueueeai aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa, ii i?e yoii ae
i?aaeinoaaeaia eueaioa i?e oieaoa /anoe iaeiaa, iiaeeaaeauaai
ca/eneaieth a ONN.

Iiaui yaeyaony e oi, /oi IE ?O (i. 2 no. 239) ii?aaeaeaiu i?aaiioiioaiey
n eiino?aiiuie a?aaeaeaiaie, a eiaiii: anee eiino?aiiua a?aaeaeaia e
eeoea aac a?aaeaeainoaa ia iaeaaeatho i?aaii ia ainoaea?noaaiiia
iaineiiiia, nioeeaeueiia iaania/aiea e iaaeeoeeineoth iiiiuue,
inouanoaeyaioth niioaaonoaaiii ca n/ao n?aaenoa IO?, ONN, OIIN a
niioaaonoaee n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee eee oneiaeyie
aeiaiai?a n ?aaioiaeaoaeai, oi aeioiaeu oaeeo eiino?aiiuo a?aaeaeai,
yaeythueony eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuie i?aaei?eieiaoaeyie, eee auieaou a iieueco
?aaioieea (eiino?aiiiai a?aaeaeaieia) iaeaaathony aaeeiui nioeeaeueiui
iaeiaii.

Iaeiaiaue ia?eiae (no. 240). Ii?yaeie en/eneaiey e oieaou iaeiaa (no.
243)

Iaeiaiaui ia?eiaeii aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa i?eciai eaeaiaea?iue
aiae.

IE ?O ii?aaeaeyao, /oi iaeiaiieaoaeueueee-?aaioiaeaoaee aeieaeiu
i?aaenoaaeyoue iaeiaiaoth aeaeea?aoeeth iaeei ?ac a aiae, a a oa/aiea
aiaea i?iecaiaeeoue oieaoo aaainiauo ieaoaaeae ii iaeiao aaeaiany/ii a
n?ie, onoaiiaeaiiue aeey iieo/aiey n?aaenoa a aaiea ia iieaoo o?oaea ca
enoaeoee ianyoe, ii ia iicaeiaa 15-ai /enea neaaeothuaai ianyoea.

E?iia oiai, aaie ia ai?aaa auaeaaaoue naiaio eeeaioo-iaeiaiieaoaeueueeo
n?aaenoaa ia iieaoo o?oaea, anee iineaaeiee ia i?aaenoaaee ieaoaaeiuo
ii?o/aiee ia ia?a/eneaiea iaeiaa.

A naith i/a?aaeue, iaeiaiieaoaeueueee, ia yaeythueany ?aaioiaeaoaeyie,
aoaeoo iaycaiu i?iecaiaeeoue oieaoo aaainiauo ieaoaaeae ia iniiaaiee
iaeiaiauo oaaaeiieaiee:

1) ca yiaa?ue — ethiue — ia iicaeiaa 15 ethey oaeouaai aiaea a ?acia?a
iieiaeiu aiaeiaie noiiu aaainiauo ieaoaaeae;

2) ca etheue — naioya?ue — ia iicaeiaa 15 ieoya?y oaeouaai aiaea a
?acia?a iaeiie /aoaa?oie aiaeiaie noiiu aaainiauo ieaoaaeae;

3) ca ieoya?ue — aeaeaa?ue — ia iicaeiaa 15 yiaa?y neaaeothuaai aiaea a
?acia?a iaeiie /aoaa?oie aiaeiaie noiiu aaainiauo ieaoaaeae.

En/eneaiea noiiu aaainiauo ieaoaaeae ia oaeouee iaeiaiaue ia?eiae,
iiaeeaaeaueo oieaoa iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie, ia yaeythueieny
?aaioiaeaoaeyie, ca eneeth/aieai aaeaieaoia, aoaeao i?iecaiaeeoueny
iaeiaiaui i?aaiii a ii?yaeea, ii?aaeaeaiiii aeaaie 24.

Neaaeoao iniai ioiaoeoue, /oi ianiio?y ia oi, /oi iaeiaiieaoaeueueee
aeieaeiu oaia?ue i?aaenoaaeyoue io/aoiinoue ii aaeeiiio nioeeaeueiiio
iaeiao iaeiaiaui i?aaiai, a IE ?O i?aaeoniio?aia ii?ia, a niioaaonoaee n
eioi?ie ca ieie (iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie) oaeaea cae?aieaia iaycaiiinoue
i?aaenoaaeyoue naaaeaiey a:

— IO? — a niioaaonoaee n oaaea?aeueiui caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ia
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiii ia?niieoeoee?iaaiiii o/aoa a nenoaia ainoaea?noaaiiiai
iaineiiiiai no?aoiaaiey;

— ONN — i noiiao, eniieueciaaiiuo ia auieaou ii ainoaea?noaaiiiio
nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth.

Iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?aaenoaaeaiey aeaiiuo naaaeaiee a ONN i?iaeeeoiaaia
oai, /oi ii ONN a caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa caeiaeai “inoaoi/iue” i?eioeei
ca/eneaiey /anoe noiiu nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa, iiaeeaaeauae ca/eneaieth a
aeaiiue oiiae, i eioi?ii aiai?eeinue ?aiaa (?acaeae “Iaeiaiaay aaca”).

Noaaee iaeiaa (no. 241)

N aaaaeaieai aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa ia
iaeiaiieaoaeueueea-?aaioiaeaoaey eiaeeony iaycaiiinoue ii en/eneaieth
aeaiiiai iaeiaa a ?an/aoa ia eaaeaeiai ioaeaeueiiai ?aaioieea
ia?anoathuei eoiaii n ia/aea aiaea ii ?aa?anneaiie oeaea ii noaaeai,
onoaiiaeaiiui no. 241 aeaau 24 aeey ?acee/iuo eaoaai?ee ieaoaeueueeia.

I?e en/eneaiee noiiu nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa ia’ iieuecoaony aaee/eia
iaeiaiaie aacu a n?aaeiai I1 iaeiiai ?aaioieea, a caoai i?iecaiaeeony
?an/i noe’ iu iaeiaa a caaeneiinoe io oiai, a eaeie o?i”^ ?aa?anneaiie
oeaeu iiiaea iaeiaiiaeaaaaiay aaca, oi anoue: — aei 100 000 ?oaeae; — io
100 001 ?oaey aei 300 000 ?oaeae; — io 300 001 ?oaey aei 600 000 ?oaeae;
— nauoa 600 000 ?oaeae. Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi IE ?O i?aaeoniio?aiu
neaaeothuea iaiaoiaeeiua oneiaey aeey eniieueciaaiey ?aa?anneaiie oeaeu
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie-?aaioiaeaoaeyie, a eiaiii:

— a i?aaeuaeouai iaeiaiaii ia?eiaea aaee/eia iaeiaiaie aacu a n?aaeiai
ia iaeiiai ?aaioieea aeieaeii i?aauoaoue 50 000 oun. ?oaeae.

Anee iaeiaiieaoaeueuee inouanoaeyao aeayoaeueiinoue iaiaa iaeiiai
iaeiaiaiai ia?eiaea, ii ia iaiaa o?ao ianyoeaa, a oeaeyo ?an/aoa
aaee/eiu iaeiaiaie aacu a n?aaeiai ia iaeiiai ?aaioieea iaeiieaiiay ca
iineaaeiee eaa?oae aaee/eia iaeiaiaie aacu a n?aaeiai ia iaeiiai
?aaioieea aeieaeia auoue oiiiaeaia ia /aou?a.

E?iia oiai, i?e ?an/aoa aaee/eiu iaeiaiaie aacu a n?aaeiai ia iaeiiai
?aaioieea a i?aaiecaoeeyo n /eneaiiinoueth ?aaioieeia nauoa 30 /aeiaae
ia aeieaeiu o/eouaaoueny 10 % ?aaioieeia, eiathueo iaeaieueoea ii
?acia?o aeioiaeu, a a i?aaiecaoeeyo n /eneaiiinoueth ?aaioieeia aei 30
/aeiaae (aeeth/eoaeueii) — 30 % ?aaioieeia, eiathueo iaeaieueoea ii
?acia?o aeioiaeu;

— ia iiiaio oieaou iaeiaa ca enoaeoee ianyoe iaeiieaiiay n ia/aea aiaea
aaee/eia iaeiaiaie aacu a n?aaeiai ia iaeiiai ?aaioieea aeieaeia auoue
aieueoa noiiu, ?iaiie 4200 ?oaeyi, oiiiaeaiiui ii eiee/anoai ianyoeaa,
enoaeoeo a oaeouai iaeiaiaii ia?eiaea.

A neo/aa iaauiieiaiey auoaiacaaiiuo oneiaee ?an/ao nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa
i?iecaiaeeony ii noaaeai, onoaiiaeaiiui aeey aaee/eiu iaeiaiaie aacu ia
eaaeaeiai ioaeaeueiiai ?aaioieea aei 100 000 ?oaeae (a aeaiiii
Oaaea?aeueiii caeiia iie yaeythony iaeneiaeueiuie), iacaaeneii io
oaeoe/aneie aaee/eiu iaeiaiaie aacu ia eaaeaeiai ioaeaeueiiai ?aaioieea.

I?e aaaaeaiee ?aa?anneaiie oeaeu i?aneaaeoaony oeaeue auaaaeaiey ec
“oaie” /anoe ca?aaioiie ieaou, oae eae n oaaee/aieai ia/eneaiee a
iieueco ?aaioieea nieaeaaony ?acia? io/eneaiee aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai
iaeiaa, a aaaaeaiea ii?aaeaeaiiuo oneiaee aa i?eiaiaiey iai?aaeaii ia
oi, /oiau aunieay ca?aaioiay ieaoa (auieaou a iieueco ?aaioieea) ia
i?aaei?eyoee auiea/eaaeenue anai ?aaioieeai, a ia ii?aaeaeaiiie a?oiia
eeoe eeai oieueei ?oeiaiaeyuaio ninoaao.

Iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi n aaaaeaieai a aeaenoaea aeaau 24 aicieeaao
iiiaeanoai aii?inia, naycaiiuo n aaaaeaieai aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai
iaeiaa, eioi?ua aeieaeiu iaeoe io?aaeaiea a aeiiieieoaeueiuo ii?iaoeaiuo
aeoao. Aeieaeiu oaeaea auoue ?aoaiu aii?inu acaeiiaeaenoaey iaeiaiauo
i?aaiia e i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiuo aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaeia, a oaeaea
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia n aeaiiuie i?aaiaie.

A caeeth/aiea neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi ioaeaeueiua iieiaeaiey aeaau 24
o?aaotho nouanoaaiiie aei?aaioee, e a ianoiyuaa a?aiy i?iaiaeeony ?aaioa
ii aianaieth a iaa aeiiieiaiee e eciaiaiee.

2 O/ao e aiaeec ?an/aoia ii nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth e iaania/aieth

2.1 Ii?yaeie ?an/aoa e o/aoa io/eneaiee a oiiaeu nioeeaeueiiai
no?aoiaaiey e iaania/aiey

N noii ia/eneaiiie iieaou o?oaea i?aaei?eyoey (aei 1.01.2001)
i?iecaiaeeee io/eneaiey a Oiiae nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey ?O (5,4%), a
Ainoaea?noaaiiue oiiae caiyoinoe ianaeaiey ?O (1,5%), a oiiaeu
iaycaoaeueiiai iaaeeoeeineiai no?aoiaaiey (3,6%) e a Iaineiiiue oiiae ?O
– a ?acia?a 28% io noii iieaou o?oaea.

Ia i?aaei?eyoea IAI “NO-829” aei 2001 aiaea o/ao aaeny a niioaaonoaee n
iaoiaee/aneeie ?aeiiaiaeaoeeyie ii i?iaaaeaieth iaeiaiauie i?aaiaie
aeieoiaioaeueiuo i?iaa?ie iieiiou e i?aaeeueiinoe en/eneaiey no?aoiauo
aciinia oeacaiiuie a ienueia AIN ?O io 24.11.98 ? ON-6-07/851 “I
Iaoiaee/aneeo ?aeiiaiaeaoeeyo ii i?iaaaeaieth aeieoiaioaeueiuo i?iaa?ie
i?aaiecaoeee ii iieiioa e i?aaeeueiinoe oieaou no?aoiauo aciinia a
Iaineiiiue oiiae ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee” e a ienueia AIN ?O io 18.09.98
? ON-6-07/[email protected]

N 4 yiaa?y 1999 a. anooiee a neeo Oaaea?aeueiue caeii io 04.01.99 ? 1-OC
“I oa?eoao no?aoiauo aciinia a Iaineiiiue oiiae ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee,
Oiiae nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, Ainoaea?noaaiiue
oiiae caiyoinoe ianaeaiey ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee e a oiiaeu
iaycaoaeueiiai iaaeeoeeineiai no?aoiaaiey ia 1999 aiae” (aeaeaa –
Caeii), aiinyuee ea?aeeiaeueiua eciaiaiey a ii?aaeaeaiea aacu aeey
en/eneaiey no?aoiauo ieaoaaeae a ioaeaeueiua oiiaeu e niaea?aeauee ?yae
ae?oaeo i?eioeeieaeueii iiauo ii?i.

O/ao ?an/aoia ii nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth e iaania/aieth i?iecaiaeeony
ia n/aoa 69 “?an/aou ii nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth e iaania/aieth”

E n/aoo 69 “?an/aou ii nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth e iaania/aieth” iiaoo
auoue ioe?uou noan/aoa:

69-1 “?an/aou ii nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth”,

69-2 “?an/aou ii iaineiiiiio iaania/aieth”,

69-3 “?an/aou ii iaycaoaeueiiio iaaeeoeeineiio no?aoiaaieth”,

69-4 “?an/aou ii Oiiaeo caiyoinoe”(aei 1.01.2001)

Ia noan/aoa 69-1 “?an/aou ii nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth” o/eouaathony
?anoiaeu ii nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth ?aaioieeia i?aaiecaoeee.

Ia noan/aoa 69-2 “?an/aou ii iaineiiiiio iaania/aieth” o/eouaathony
?anoiaeu ii iaineiiiiio iaania/aieth ?aaioieeia i?aaiecaoeee.

Ia noan/aoa 69-3 “?an/aou ii iaycaoaeueiiio iaaeeoeeineiio no?aoiaaieth”
o/eouaathony ?an/aou ii iaycaoaeueiiio iaaeeoeeineiio no?aoiaaieth
?aaioieeia i?aaiecaoeee.

Ia noan/aoa 69-4 “?an/aou ii Oiiaeo caiyoinoe” o/eouaathony ?an/aou
i?aaei?eyoey n oiiaeii caiyoinoe (aei 1.01.2001).

I?e iaee/ee o i?aaiecaoeee ?an/aoia ii ae?oaei aeaeai nioeeaeueiiai
no?aoiaaiey e iaania/aiey e n/aoo 69 “?an/aou ii nioeeaeueiiio
no?aoiaaieth e iaania/aieth” iiaoo ioe?uaaoueny aeiiieieoaeueiua
noan/aoa.

E?iia oiai, ii e?aaeeoo n/aoa 69 ” ?an/aou ii nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth
e iaania/aieth” a ei??aniiiaeaioeee n ni n/aoii i?eaueae e oauoeia eee
?an/aoia n ?aaioieeaie ii i?i/ei iia?aoeeyi io?aaeaaony noiia iaiae ca
ianaiaa?aiaiiue aciin ieaoaaeae, a a ei??aniiiaeaioeee ni n/aoii 51 –
noiiu, iieo/aiiua a neo/ayo i?aauoaiey niioaaonoaothueo ?anoiaeia iaae
ieaoaaeaie.

I?e oi?ie?iaaiee iaeaaaaiie aacu i?aaei?eyoea iie?aoueny ia iieiaeaiea
Caeiia e ?aiaa i?eiyoua caeiiu (io 08.01.98 ? 9-OC “I oa?eoao no?aoiauo
aciinia… ia 1998 aiae”, io 05.02.97 ? 26-OC “I oa?eoao no?aoiauo
aciinia… ia 1997 aiae”) io 21.12.95 ? 207-OC “I oa?eoao no?aoiauo
aciinia… ia 1996 aiae.

I?e inouanoaeaiee auieao a iieueco a?aaeaeai, ia yaeythueony ?aaioieeaie
i?aaiecaoeee (ia auiieiythueo aeey i?aaiecaoeee ?aaiou, oneoae), ia
aicieeaao iauaeoa ia/eneaiey no?aoiauo aciinia. I?e inouanoaeaiee auieao
a?aaeaeaiai, ia yaeythueiny ?aaioieeaie i?aaiecaoeee a iiiaio auieaou
(iaineiia?ai, ?aiaa ?aaioaaoei a yoie i?aaiecaoeee; /eaiai
iaeiiia?/aneie i?aaiecaoeee; ioaeaeathueiny a nioeeaeueiie iiaeaea?aeea
iinoi?iiiei a?aaeaeaiai; /eaiai naiuee oia?oaai ?aaioieea e o. i.),
no?aoiaua ieaoaaee ia ia/eneythony.

Ia ia/eneythony ia i?aaei?eyoea no?aoiaua aciinu ia aueeou iaineiia?ai —
auaoei ?aaioieeai i?aaiecaoeee, ia auieaou /eaiai i?ionithciie
i?aaiecaoeee, ia n?aaenoaa, ia?aaeaiiua aaeiaa oia?oaai ?aaioieea aeey
ecaioiaeaiey iaiyoieea, ia noiiu auieao ianeaaeieeai aaoi?a ca
eniieueciaaiea ?aiaa nicaeaiiiai ei i?iecaaaeaiey, ia aeeaeaeaiaeu,
ia/eneyaiua aeoeeiia?ai.

Ia i?aaei?eyoea aeey en/eneaiey no?aoiauo aciinia a ioaeaeueiua
ainoaea?noaaiiua nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu eniieuecothony
?aciua aacu.

N 01.01.99 a niioaaonoaee ni no. 1, 2, 3 e 4 Caeiia ana auieaou a
iieueco ?aaioieeia a aeaiaaeiie e (eee) iaoo?aeueiie oi?ia n/eoathony
aacie aeey en/eneaiey no?aoiauo ieaoaaeae a /aou?a nioeeaeueiuo
aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaea (IO?, ONN ?O, AOCI ?O, oiiaeu IIN), a ia/eneaiiay
iieaoa o?oaea – iauaeoii aeey en/eneaiey no?aoiauo aciinia oieueei a
oiiaeu IIN.

I/aiue aaaeii, /oiau nioeeaeueiua eueaiou ?aaioieeai ia auee i?eciaiu
niioaaonoaothueie aiaathaeaeaoiuie oiiaeaie i?e i?iaa?eao ca
ii?aaeaeaiiua a?aiaiiua ia?eiaeu caaoaee?iaaiiie iieaoie o?oaea, ia
eioi?oth neaaeiaaei ia/eneyoue no?aoiaua aciinu. Iaycaiiinoueth
i?aaei?eyoey a yoeo oneiaeyo yaeyaony nicaeaiea iaaeeaaeauae
aeieacaoaeueiie aacu, iainiiauaathuae nioeeaeueioth iai?aaeaiiinoue
i?iecaaaeaiiuo auieao i?e ionoonoaee eo nayce n auiieiaieai ?aaioieeaie
o?oaeiauo iaycaiiinoae.

Iiieii auieao a iieueco ?aaioieeia, i?eiyouo ii o?oaeiaui aeiaiai?ai,
iauaeoii ia/eneaiey no?aoiauo aciinia a ioaeaeueiua nioeeaeueiua
aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu ia i?aaei?eyoea yaeythony oaeaea auieaou
a?aaeaeaiai ii eiui aeaeai aeiaiai?ia, niaea?aeauei yeaiaiou auiieiaiey
?aaio (ieacaiey oneoa) nianoaaiiui o?oaeii a?aaeaeaieia.

N 01.01.99 a niioaaonoaee ni no. 1 e 3 Caeiia i?e caeeth/aiee ethaiai
a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaiai aeiaiai?a, i?aaeiaoii eioi?iai yaeyaony
auiieiaiea ?aaio eee ieacaiea oneoa, neaaeoao ia/eneyoue aciinu a o?e
nioeeaeueiuo aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaea: IO?, AOCI ?O e oiiaeu IIN.

Auieaou ii aaoi?neei aeiaiai?ai yaeythony iauaeoii ia/eneaiey no?aoiauo
aciinia a IO? e oiiaeu IIN. Aciinu a ONN ?O ia/eneythony eneeth/eoaeueii
ia auieaou ii o?oaeiaui aeiaiai?ai.

Oaeei ia?acii, i?e ioi?ieaiee aeiaiai?iuo ioiioaiee n a?aaeaeaiaie ia
i?aaei?eyoea o/eouaathony ioee/eoaeueiua i?eciaee ioaeaeueiuo aeaeia
aeiaiai?ia.

I?aaei?eyoea i?iecaiaeeo auieaou a?aaeaeaiai ii aeiaiai?ai
a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaiai oa?aeoa?a (iiae?yaea, aiciacaeiiai ieacaiey
oneoa) i?e yoii no?aoiaua aciinu en/eneythony oieueei n noiiu
aiciaa?aaeaeaiey ca o?oae, eneeth/ay ec iauae noiiu ii aeiaiai?o
oaeoe/anee i?iecaaaeaiiua ?anoiaeu iiae?yae/eea (eniieieoaey), i?e
niaethaeaiee neaaeothueo oneiaee:

– noiia aiciaa?aaeaeaiey ca o?oae aeieaeia auoue oeacaia a naiii
aeiaiai?a a ?acaeaea (ioieoa aeiaiai?a) i aai oeaia eee auaeaeaia
ioaeaeueiie no?ieie a niaoa ?anoiaeia, eaeueeoeyoeee noieiinoe
auiieiyaiuo ?aaio, i?eeaaaaiie e aeiaiai?o;

– auieaou a?aaeaeaieio a aiciauaiea oaeoe/anee i?iecaaaeaiiuo ?anoiaeia
(?anoiae iaoa?eaeia, o?ainii?oiua e ae?oaea ?anoiaeu) aeieaeiu
inouanoaeyoueny ia iniiaaiee iaaeeaaeaua ioi?ieaiiuo ia?ae/iuo o/aoiuo
aeieoiaioia, inoathueony a i?aaiecaoeee.

I?e inouanoaeaiee i?aaei?eyoeai iaeaaaaiuo auieao a iieueco ?aaioieeia
no?aoiaua aciinu ia/eneytho iacaaeneii io enoi/ieea oeiaine?iaaiey oaeeo
auieao.

Niaeanii ii?iai aeaenoaothuaai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa iauaeoii ia/eneaiey
no?aoiauo aciinia yaeythony auieaou a iieueco ?aaioieeia ii anai
iniiaaieyi (eae a aeaiaaeiie, oae e a iaoo?aeueiie oi?ia).

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, i?e iieo/aiee i?aaei?eyoeai aeaiaaeiuo e iaoa?eaeueiuo
n?aaenoa io niiini?ia (aea?eoaeae, a?aioiaeaoaeae), ec athaeaeaoa, ec
anaaiciiaeiuo oiiaeia e io eiuo noi?iiieo eeoe aeey inouanoaeaiey
oeaeaauo auieao a iieueco ?aaioieeia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua aciinu.
Iaeiaei i?aaeaa?eoaeueii ii?aaeaeyaony, ia aoiaeyo ee aeaiiua ieaoaaee a
ia?a/ie auieao, ia eioi?ua ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua aciinu.

Iaoa?eaeueiay iiiiuue, auiea/aiiay i?aaiecaoeeae naiei ?aaioieeai ca
n/ao n?aaenoa, auaeaeaiiuo niiini?aie (aea?eoaeyie), oaeaea o/eouaaaony
a ninoaaa iauaeoa iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey i?e en/eneaiee no?aoiauo ieaoaaeae,
anee iaaiciiaeii iiaeia?aoue iiaeoiaeyuoth iiceoeeth ec ia?a/iae auieao,
ia eioi?ua ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua aciinu a IO?, ONN ?O, AOCI ?O e
oiiaeu IIN.

Anee i?aaei?eyoea inouanoaeyao ?anoiaeu, ia iinyuea aae?aniiai oa?aeoa?a
(eiaaea iaaiciiaeii ia?niieoeoee?iaaoue i?iecaaaeaiiua auieaou e
onoaiiaeoue, a iieueco eaeeo eiaiii ?aaioieeia iie i?iecaaaeaiu),
no?aoiaua aciinu ia ia/eneythony.

Anee i?aaei?eyoea caeeth/eei aeiaiai? n ae?oaeie th?eaee/aneeie eeoeaie
(ia ea/aiea nio?oaeieeia, ieoaiea, i?aaeinoaaeaiea nio?oaeieeai
oeceoeueoo?ii-icaei?iaeoaeueiuo, eoeueoo?iuo e eiuo oneoa, yaeythueony a
iau/iuo oneiaeyo ieaoiuie), oi noiiu iieaou ii oaeei aeiaiai?ai
o/eouaathony a ninoaaa iauaeoa ia/eneaiey aciinia a IO?, ONN ?O, AOCI ?O
e oiiaeu IIN.

I?e oeacaiiuo ianoiyoaeuenoaao i?aaiecaoeey i?aaeinoaaeyao eiie?aoiui
?aaioieeai nioeeaeueiua eueaiou ca n/ao nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa. ?anoiaeu
ii oaeei aeiaiai?ai, aeaaea anee iie inouanoaeaiu iooai aaciaee/iuo
ieaoaaeae a aae?an ae?oaiai th?eaee/aneiai eeoea, o/eouaathony i?e
en/eneaiee no?aoiauo aciinia.

Anee ?an/aou iaaeaeo th?eaee/aneeie eeoeaie ia iinyo aae?aniiai
oa?aeoa?a, oi no?aoiaua aciinu ia ia/eneythony.

Ia i?aaei?eyoea n 01.01.99 eneeth/aaony ec iaeaaaaiie aacu i?e
en/eneaiea ieaoaaeae a nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu auieaou a
iieueco a?aaeaeai, yaeythueony eiaaeeaeaie I, II e III a?oii e
iieo/athueo iainee ii eiaaeeaeiinoe a niioaaonoaee n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii
?O.

Inaiaiaeaeaiea i?aaeoniio?aii iiaee. “a” no. 6 Caeiia. Iniiaaieai aeey
eneeth/aiey aeaiiuo auieao ec iaeaaaaiie aacu aoaeao yaeyoueny
iaineiiiia oaeinoiaa?aiea, iiaeoaa?aeaeathuaa iacia/aiea a?aaeaeaieio
iainee ii eiaaeeaeiinoe. I?aaei?eyoea ia?auaao aieiaiea ia oi
ianoiyoaeuenoai, /oi i?e ?an/aoao n IO? ia ia/eneythony 28%, ii 1%n
?aaioieeia-eiaaeeaeia oaea?aeeaaaony.

A oi aea a?aiy auieaou a iieueco iaineiia?ia ii aic?anoo iaeaaathony
no?aoiauie aciinaie a iauaonoaiiaeaiiii ii?yaeea.

Ca?aaioiay ieaoa ca oaeoe/anee auiieiaiioth ?aaioo:

– ca?aaioiay ieaoa, ia/eneaiiay ?aaioieeai ii oa?eoiui noaaeai e
ieeaaeai ca io?aaioaiiia a?aiy;

– ca?aaioiay ieaoa, ia/eneaiiay ca auiieiaiioth ?aaioo ?aaioieeai ii
naeaeueiui ?anoeaieai, a i?ioeaioao io au?o/ee io ?aaeecaoeee
i?iaeoeoeee (auiieiaiey ?aaio e ieacaiey oneoa) eee a niioaaonoaee n
eiuie i?eiyouie a i?aaiecaoeee oi?iaie e nenoaiaie iieaou o?oaea.

Noeioee?othuea auieaou ii nenoaiiui iieiaeaieyi:

– i?aiee e aiciaa?aaeaeaiey (aeeth/ay noieiinoue iaoo?aeueiuo
i?aiee), iinyuea ?aaoey?iue eee ia?eiaee/aneee oa?aeoa?, iacaaeneii io
enoi/ieeia eo auieaou;

– aiciaa?aaeaeaiey ii eoiaai ?aaiou ca aiae, ca auneoao eao, noaae
?aaiou;

– noeioee?othuea aeiieaou e iaaeaaaee e oa?eoiui noaaeai e ieeaaeai (ca
i?ioanneiiaeueiia ianoa?noai, aunieea aeinoeaeaiey a o?oaea e o. i.).

Eiiiaine?othuea auieaou, naycaiiua n ?aaeeiii ?aaiou e oneiaeyie o?oaea:

– auieaou, iaoneiaeaiiua ?aeiiiui ?aaoee?iaaieai iieaou o?oaea: ii
?aeiiiui eiyooeoeeaioai; eiyooeoeeaioai ca ?aaioo a ionouiiuo,
aacaiaeiuo ianoiinoyo e aunieiai?iuo ?aeiiao; i?ioeaioiua iaaeaaaee e
ca?aaioiie ieaoa ca noaae ?aaiou a ?aeiiao E?aeiaai Naaa?a, i?e?aaiaiiuo
e iei ianoiinoyo e ae?oaeo ?aeiiao n oyaeaeuie i?e?iaeii-eeeiaoe/aneeie
oneiaeyie;

– aeiieaou ca ?aaioo ai a?aaeiuo eee iianiuo oneiaeyo e ia oyaeaeuo
?aaioao;

– aeiieaou ca ?aaioo a ii/iia a?aiy;

– aeiieaou ?aaioieeai, caiyoui ia iiaecaiiuo ?aaioao;

– aeiieaou ca niaiauaiea i?ioannee, ca ?aaioo a iiiainiaiiii ?aaeeia, ca
aeiione e ainoaea?noaaiiie oaeia e o. i.;

– iieaoa ?aaiou a auoiaeiua e i?acaeie/iua aeie;

– iieaoa naa?oo?i/iie ?aaiou;

– iieaoa ?aaioieeai ca aeie ioaeuoa (ioaoeu), i?aaeinoaaeaiiua a nayce n
?aaioie naa?o ii?iaeueiie i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe ?aai/aai a?aiaie i?e
aaooiaii iaoiaea i?aaiecaoeee ?aaio, i?e noiie?iaaiiii o/aoa ?aai/aai
a?aiaie e a ae?oaeo neo/ayo, onoaiiaeaiiuo caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii, e o. i.
Iieaoa ?aaiou a auoiaeiua e i?acaeie/iua aeie aac aiciaa?aaeaeaiey ca
o?oae (noaaioieee, aine?anieee e o. i.), ia?a/eneyaiay a athaeaeao eee
aeaaioai?eoaeueiua oiiaeu, ia iaeaaaaony no?aoiauie aciinaie a ONN ?O.

Aeiiieieoaeueiua aiciaa?aaeaeaiey e aiii?a?u ooaoiui ?aaioieeai:

– eiienneiiiia aiciaa?aaeaeaiea, a /anoiinoe, ooaoiui no?aoiaui e eiui
aaaioai, ooaoiui a?iea?ai;

– aiii?a? ?aaioieeai, ninoiyuei a nieni/iii ninoaaa ?aaioieeia
?aaeaeoeee aacao, aeo?iaeia e eiuo n?aaenoa ianniaie eioi?iaoeee;

– iieaoa oneoa ?aaioieeia aooaaeoa?ee ca auiieiaiea eie ienueiaiiuo
ii?o/aiee ?aaioieeia ii ia?a/eneaieth ieaoaaeae ec ca?aaioiie ieaou;

– noiiu aeiiieieoaeueiiai aiciaa?aaeaeaiey, i?e/eoathueany ?aaioieeai ii
caeeth/aiiui aeiaiai?ai n ae?oaeie i?aaiecaoeeyie, e o. i.

Iieaoa i/a?aaeiuo, aeiiieieoaeueiuo e o/aaiuo ioioneia:

– iieaoa aaeaaiaeiuo e aeiiieieoaeueiuo ioioneia (aac aeaiaaeiie
eiiiainaoeee ca iaeniieueciaaiiue ioione);

– iieaoa aeiiieieoaeueii i?aaeinoaaeaiiuo ii eieeaeoeaiiio eee
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui o?oaeiaui aeiaiai?ai ioioneia ?aaioieeai (naa?o
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii);

– iieaoa o/aaiuo ioioneia, i?aaeinoaaeaiiuo ?aaioieeai, iao/athueiny a
ia?aciaaoaeueiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo.

Iieaoa ca iaio?aaioaiiia a?aiy a eiuo neo/ayo i?aaeoniio?aiiuo caeiiii:

– iieaoa eueaioiuo /ania iiae?inoeia;

– iieaoa ia?a?uaia a ?aaioa iaoa?ae aeey ei?ieaiey ?aaaiea;

– iieaoa ia?eiaea iao/aiey ?aaioieeia, iai?aaeaiiuo ia
i?ioanneiiaeueioth iiaeaioiaeo, iiauoaiea eaaeeoeeaoeee eee iao/aiea
aoi?ui i?ioanneyi;

– iieaoa o?oaea ?aaioieeia, i?eaeaeaaiuo e auiieiaieth ainoaea?noaaiiuo
eee iauanoaaiiuo iaycaiiinoae;

– iieaoa ?aaioieeai-aeiii?ai ca aeie ianeaaeiaaiey, naea/e e?iae e
ioaeuoa;

– iieaoa a?aiaie, naycaiiiai n i?ioiaeaeaieai iaaeeoeeineeo iniio?ia;

– noiiu, auiea/aiiua ca n/ao n?aaenoa i?aaiecaoeee, ca ia i?i?aaioaiiia
a?aiy ?aaioieeai, auioaeaeaiii ?aaioaaoei iaiieiia ?aai/aa a?aiy ii
eieoeeaoeaa aaeieieno?aoeee;

– iieaoa i?inoiaa ia ii aeia ?aaioieea;

– iieaoa auioaeaeaiiiai i?iaoea e o. i.

Iaoa?eaeueiay iiiiuue ca?aiaa onoaiiaeaiiiai ?acia?a anai ?aaioieeai.

Anee iaoa?eaeueiay iiiiuue i?aaeinoaaeyaony anai eee aieueoeinoao
?aaioieeia e i?aaeoniio?aia a iieiaeaiee ia iieaoa o?oaea, iaoa?eaeueiii
iiiu?aiee, eieeaeoeaiii aeiaiai?a, eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo o?oaeiauo
eiio?aeoao, eiuo eieaeueiuo aeoao, ?aaoee?othuee o?oaeiaua ioiioaiey, oi
eiathony aaneea iniiaaiey ?anniao?eaaoue aa a ninoaaa oiiaea iieaou
o?oaea e niioaaonoaaiii iaeaaaoue aciinaie ai ana ainoaea?noaaiiua
nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu.

Eiiiainaoeey ca iaeniieueciaaiiue ioione i?e oaieueiaiee. Ia neaaeoao
ia/eneyoue aciinu ia eiiiainaoeeth ca iaeniieueciaaiiue ioione ie a
iaeei nioeeaeueiue aiaathaeaeaoiue oiiae. A niioaaonoaee ni no. 75 ECiO
?O aeaiaaeiay eiiiainaoeey ca iaeniieueciaaiiue ioione auiea/eaaaony
oieueei a neo/aa oaieueiaiey ?aaioieea. Niaeanii no. 66 ECiO ?O anai
?aaioieeai i?aaeinoaaeythony aaeaaiaeiua ioionea n nio?aiaieai ianoa
?aaiou (aeieaeiinoe) e n?aaeiaai ca?aaioea. Ioione aeieaeai
i?aaeinoaaeyoueny aaeaaiaeii a onoaiiaeaiiue n?ie. A neo/aa iocuaa
?aaioieea ec ioionea i?iecaiaeeony ia?a?an/ao auiea/aiiuo aio noii, a
inoaaoayny /anoue ioionea eniieuecoaony a niaeaniaaiiue iaaeaeo
?aaioiaeaoaeai e aaeieieno?aoeeae n?ie. I?e yoii i?iecaiaeeony iiaue
?an/ao ca?aaioea. Auieaoa a yoii neo/aa ia ?anniao?eaaaony eae
eiiiainaoeey, e no?aoiaua aciinu ia iaa ia/eneythony (i. II ?acuyniaiee
ii i?eiaiaieth Ia?a/iy auieao, ia eioi?ua ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua
aciinu a IO?, ooaa?aeaeaiiuo iinoaiiaeaieai I?aaeaiey IO ?O io 15.09.97
? 73).

I?aaiu AIN ?O i?e i?iaa?eao i?eciatho iaeiaiaui ia?ooaieai iai?aaiia?iia
ia/eneaiea e ioianaiea ia naaanoieiinoue i?iaeoeoeee (?aaio, oneoa)
aciinia a AOCI ?O ia noiiu eiiiainaoeee ca iaeniieueciaaiiue ioione (ni.
ienueii AIN ?O io 24.11.97 ? AC-6-07/820 “I ?acoeueoaoao i?iaa?ee
iieiiou e naiaa?aiaiiinoe oieaou no?aoiauo aciinia a Oiiae caiyoinoe”).

Aaeeiia?aiaiiua auieaou a aeaiaaeiie e (eee) iaoo?aeueiie oi?ia (i?aiee,
iiaea?ee).

Iiae aaeeiia?aiaiiuie auieaoaie neaaeoao iiieiaoue auieaou,
i?iecaiaeeiua ia /aua iaeiiai ?aca a aiae e ia i?aaeoniio?aiiua ca?aiaa
nenoaiiuie iieiaeaieyie, ?aaoee?othueie iieaoo o?oaea. I?e
aaeeiia?aiaiiuo auieaoao, eae i?aaeei, ia/eiythony aciinu a IO?, a
inoaeueiua oiiaeu aciinu ia i?iecaiaeyony, oae eae a ia?a/iyo auieao, ia
eioi?ua ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua aciinu, eiathony niioaaonoaothuea
iiceoeee:

– i. 12 ia?a/iy auieao, ia eioi?ua ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua aciinu a
ONN ?O, – “Iiiu?eoaeueiua auieaou (aeeth/ay i?aiee) a nayce n
thaeeaeiuie aeaoaie, aeiyie ?iaeaeaiey, ca aeieaieaoithth e aacoi?a/ioth
o?oaeiaoth aeayoaeueiinoue, aeoeaioth iauanoaaiioth ?aaioo e a ae?oaeo
aiaeiae/iuo neo/ayo”;

– aacaoeu 9 e 15 Ia?a/iy auieao, ia eioi?ua ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua
aciinu a oiiaeu IIN e AOCI ?O, – “Iiiu?eoaeueiua auieaou (aeeth/ay
i?aiee) a nayce n thaeeaeiuie aeaoaie, ca aeieaieaoithth o?oaeiaoth
aeayoaeueiinoue” e “Ae?oaea auieaou, iinyuea aaeeiia?aiaiiue oa?aeoa?”.

I?e aaeeiia?aiaiiuo auieaoao a nayce n iacia/aieai ainoaea?noaaiiie
iainee, i?iecaiaeeiuo iaeiia?aiaiii n oaieueiaieai ?aaioieea, ia
i?iecaiaeyony io/eneaiey ie a iaeei nioeeaeueiue aiaathaeaeaoiue oiiae
(a aeiiieiaiea e oeacaiiui ii?iai i?eiaiyaony i. 9 Ia?a/iy auieao, ia
eioi?ua ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua aciinu a IO?). Anee ?aaioiee ia
?anoi?a o?oaeiaua ioiioaiey, oi ia auiea/aiiia aio aaeeiia?aiaiiia
aiciaa?aaeaeaiea no?aoiaua aciinu a IO? ia/eneythony (i. 4 ?acuyniaiee
ii i?eiaiaieth Ia?a/iy auieao, ia eioi?ua ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua
aciinu a IO?).

THaeeaeiuie aeaoaie ia i?aaei?eyoea yaeythony: iyoeaeanyoeeaoey,
noieaoey e aeaeaa /a?ac iyoueaeanyo eao ni aeiy nouanoaiaaiey
th?eaee/aneiai eeoea.

Niaeanii i. 7 ?acuyniaiee ii i?eiaiaieth Ia?a/iy auieao, ia eioi?ua ia
ia/eneythony no?aoiaua aciinu a IO?, aciinu ia ia/eneythony ia
noieiinoue iiea/eaaaiuo e aanieaoii auaeaaaaiuo aeaoyi ?aaioieeia
i?aaiecaoeee eiiaeeoa?neeo iaai?ia e aeeaoia ia i?acaeie/iua aeaoneea
i?aaenoaaeaiey e ?iaeaeanoao O?enoiao e Iiaiio aiaeo, iacaaeneii io
enoi/ieeia oeiaine?iaaiey eo i?eia?aoaiey.

Ii aeiaiai?ai iiae?yaea e ii?o/aiey.

Ii aeiaiai?ai aiciacaeiiai ieacaiey oaaeoo (aoaeeoi?neeo,
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo) eiinoeueoaoeeiiiuo e o. i.), aeiaiai?ai IEIE?,
ia?aaicee, o?ainii?oiie yeniaaeeoeee, eiiennee aaaioe?iaaiey,
aeiaa?eoaeueiiai oi?aaeaiey eiouanoaii, a oaeaea a?aiaeu o?ainii?oiiai
n?aaenoaa n yeeiaaeai a /anoe yenieoaoaoeee o?ainii?oiiai n?aaenoaa.
Iniaiai aieiaiey caneoaeeaaao aii?in i ia/eneaiee no?aoiauo aciinia ia
auieaou ii a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaui aeiaiai?ai, caeeth/aiiui n
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuie i?aaei?eieiaoaeyie. No?aoiaua aciinu a IO? ia auieaou
ii aeiaiai?ai, caeeth/aiiui n eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuie i?aaei?eieiaoaeyie, ia
ia/eneythony. A?aaeaeaiei, yaeyynue noauaeoii i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie
aeayoaeueiinoe, naiinoiyoaeueii ?ann/eouaaaony ii ieaoaaeai a IO?.
Iaeiaei a aeiaiai?a, caeeth/aiiii n eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui i?aaei?eieiaoaeai,
aeieaeia i?enoonoaiaaoue nnueea ia iiia? aeieoiaioa i ainoaea?noaaiiie
?aaeno?aoeee i?aaei?eieiaoaey e i?aai, aai auaeaaoee (ienueii IO ?O io
02.04.98 ? AA-09-28/2351 “I Oaaea?aeueiii caeiia io 08.01.98 ? 9-OC”).

Aiciauaiea a?aaea, i?e/eiaiiiai oaa/ueai, i?iocaaieaaaieai e eiui
iia?aaeaeaieai caei?iauey, niaeanii caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao ?O. No?aoiaua
aciinu ia ia/eneythony ia noiiu, auiea/eaaaiua a niioaaonoaee n
Iinoaiiaeaieai AN ?O io 24.12.92 ? 4214-1 (a ?aaeaeoeee io 24.11.95) a
aiciauaiea a?aaea, i?e/eiaiiiai ?aaioieeai oaa/ueai, i?ioanneiiaeueiui
caaieaaaieai eee eiui iia?aaeaeaieai caei?iauey, naycaiiuie n
eniieiaieai eie o?oaeiauo iaycaiiinoae, a oii /enea iiaeaeoeie nia?oue
ei?ieeueoea (i. 13 ?acuyniaiee ii i?eiaiaieth ia?a/iy auieao, ia eioi?ua
ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua aciinu a IO?). Aiciauaiea a?aaea ninoieo a
auieaoa iioa?iaaoaio aeaiaaeiuo noii a ?acia?a ca?aaioea (eee
niioaaonoaothuae aai /anoe) a caaeneiinoe io noaiaie oo?aou
i?ioanneiiaeueiie o?oaeiniiniaiinoe aneaaenoaea o?oaeiaiai oaa/uey; a
eiiiainaoeee aeiiieieoaeueiuo ?anoiaeia, a auieaoa a onoaiiaeaiiuo
neo/ayo aaeeiia?aiaiiiai iiniaey; a aiciauaiee ii?aeueiiai oua?aa.

A Oaaea?aeueiii caeiia io 24.07.98 ? 125-OC “06 iaycaoaeueiii
nioeeaeueiii no?aoiaaiee io ian/anoiuo neo/aaa ia i?iecaiaenoaa e
i?ioanneiiaeueiuo caaieaaaiee” i?aaeoniao?eaaaony ia?aoiae io aiciauaiey
a?aaea iaiin?aaenoaaiii ?aaioiaeaoaeai e aiciauaieth a?aaea ia
i?eioeeiao nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey. Auieaoa iioa?iaaoei a aiciauaiea
a?aaea aiineaaenoaee aoaeao i?iecaiaeeoueny ONN ?O ca n/ao no?aoiauo
aciinia, oiea/eaaaiuo ?aaioiaeaoaeyie. Aeey iino?aaeaaoeo nio?aiyaony
o?iaaiue iaania/aiey, aeaeu e ?acia?u eiiiainaoeee, eioi?ua iie aeieaeiu
iieo/aoue a niioaaonoaee n aeaenoaothuei caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii i
aiciauaiee a?aaea.

Aciinu aoaeoo oiea/eaaoueny no?aoiaaoaeyie enoiaey ec no?aoiauo oa?eoia,
aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiuo ii io?aneyi yeiiiieee a caaeneiinoe io eeanna eo
i?ioanneiiaeueiiai ?enea. Oaeie ii?yaeie anooieo a neeo iinea i?eiyoey
Oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia i oa?eoao no?aoiauo aciinia. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy ONN
?O i?iaiaeeo i?aaeaa?eoaeueioth ?aaeno?aoeeth no?aoiaaoaeae, o/ao eeoe,
eiathueo i?aai ia iieo/aiea no?aoiauo auieao, e i?eai io no?aoiaaoaeae e
no?aoiauo i?aaiecaoeee naaaeaiee i iino?aaeaaoeo io ian/anoiuo neo/aaa
ia i?iecaiaenoaa e i?ioanneiiaeueiuo caaieaaaiee, a oaeaea ae?oaea
i?aaiecaoeeiiiua ia?ii?eyoey.

Iaoa?eaeueiay iiiiuue, ieacuaaaiay ioaeaeueiui ?aaioieeai. Neaaeoao
auaeaeyoue iaoa?eaeueioth iiiiuue, ieacuaaaioth a nayce n iniauie
ianoiyoaeuenoaaie, iieiaiiaaiiuie a i. 8 Ia?a/iy auieao, ia eioi?ua ia
ia/eneythony no?aoiaua aciinu a IO? (a nayce n iinoeaoei noeoeeiui
aaaenoaeai, iiaea?ii, iioeuaieai eiouanoaa, a oaeaea a nayce ni
nia?oueth ?aaioieea eee aeeceeo ?iaenoaaiieeia). I?e yoii e?oa aeeceeo
?iaenoaaiieeia ii?aaeaeyaony no. 5 Oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia io 12.01.96 ?
8-OC “I iia?aaaiee e iioi?iiiii aeaea” – noi?oa, aeaoe, ?iaeeoaee,
onuiiaeaiiua, onuiiaeoaee, ?iaeiua a?aouey, ?iaeiua nano?u, aioee,
aeaaeooea, aaaooea. Aciinu a inoaeueiua nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua
oiiaeu ia aaeeiia?aiaiioth iaoa?eaeueioth iiiiuue ethaiai aeaea ia
ia/eneythony ia iniiaaiee:

– i. 3 Ia?a/iy auieao, ia eioi?ua ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua aciinu a ONN
?O “?acee/iua aeaeu aeaiaaeiuo iiniaee, auaeaaaaiuo a ea/anoaa
iaoa?eaeueiie iiiiue”;

– aacaoea 15 Ia?a/iy auieao, ia eioi?ua ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua aciinu
a oiiaeu IIN e AOCI “Ae?oaea auieaou, iinyuea aaeeiia?aiaiiue oa?aeoa?”.

E iaoa?eaeueiie iiiiue iiaeii i?e?aaiyoue aacaica?aoiua nnoaeu, a oaeaea
noiiu, auaeaiiua ?aaioieeo aeey iiaaoaiey e?aaeeoia.

Aciinu a IO? ia ia/eneythony ia iaoa?eaeueioth iiiiuue, ieacuaaaioth
?aaioieeai a nayce n iniauie ianoiyoaeuenoaaie (iinoeaoei eo noeoeeiui
aaaenoaeai, iiaea?ii, iioeuaieai eiouanoaa, oaa/ueai), oieueei i?e
aeieoiaioaeueiii iiaeoaa?aeaeaiee oeacaiiuo iniauo ianoiyoaeuenoa.

Anee iaoa?eaeueiay iiiiuue ieacaia ia iniiaaiee eeoue iaeiiai cayaeaiey
?aaioieea, e eioi?iio ia i?eeiaeaiu ieeaeea aeiiieieoaeueiua aeieoiaiou,
iiaeoaa?aeaeathuea iaee/ea iniauo ianoiyoaeuenoa, oeacaiiuo a Ia?a/ia
auieao, ia eioi?ua ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua aciinu a IO?, oi noiio
auiea/aiiie iaoa?eaeueiie iiiiue neaaeoao aeeth/aoue a aaco aeey
en/eneaiey iaineiiiuo ieaoaaeae.

Iiaeoaa?aeaeathueie iniaua ianoiyoaeuenoaa aeieoiaioaie iiaoo neoaeeoue:

– ni?aaee i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiia i oaeoa i?eaia cayaeaiey
(aicaoaeaeaiey oaieiaiiai aeaea) i?e iioeuaiee eiouanoaa;

– ni?aaee iiaea?iuo einiaeoeee;

– aeou i ninoiyiee iiiauaiee iinea iiaea?a, ninoaaeaiiua i?e o/anoee
i?aaiecaoeee aeeeeuii-eiiioiaeueiiai oicyenoaa, e o. i.

Ainoaea?noaaiiua iiniaey e eiua auieaou a niioaaonoaee n
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ca n/ao n?aaenoa nioeeaeueiuo aiaathaeaeaoiuo
oiiaeia. Iiae auieaoaie, iieiaiiaaiiuie a yoii ioieoa, iiae?acoiaaathony
ainoaea?noaaiiua iiniaey a?aaeaeaiai, eiathuei aeaoae, iiniaey ii
a?aiaiiie iao?oaeiniiniaiinoe, nioeeaeueiia iiniaea ia iia?aaaiea e eiua
auieaou ca n/ao n?aaenoa niioaaonoaothueo oiiaeia, i?iecaiaeeiua a
niioaaonoaee n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?O, E eiui auieaoai ioiinyony,
iai?eia?, iieaoa noieiinoe naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiiai ea/aiey e ioaeuoa,
/aou?ao aeiiieieoaeueiuo aeiae a ianyoe, i?aaeinoaaeyaiuo a niioaaonoaee
ni no. 163.1 ECiO ?O iaeiiio ec ?iaeeoaeae (iiaeoio, iiia/eoaeth) aeey
ooiaea ca aeaoueie — eiaaeeaeaie n aeaonoaa, eiiiainaoeeiiiua auieaou
?aaioieeai, iaoiaeyueiny a auioaeaeaiiuo ioioneao ca n/ao n?aaenoa AOCI
?O, e o. ae. (i. 12 ?acuyniaiee ii i?eiaiaieth ia?a/iy auieao, ia
eioi?ua ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua aciinu a IO?).

Auieaou ii eenoeai a?aiaiiie iao?oaeiniiniaiinoe, iieaoa iooaaie e eiua
?anoiaeu, ia i?eiyoua ii eaeei-eeai i?e/eiai e ca/aoo ONN ?O e ia
oaea?aeaiiua n ?aaioieeia, aeieaeiu ?anniao?eaaoueny a ea/anoaa auieao
nioeeaeueiiai oa?aeoa?a ca n/ao i?aaiecaoeee e aeeth/aoueny
i?aaiecaoeeae a aaco aeey en/eneaiey no?aoiauo aciinia a
niioaaonoaothuea oiiaeu (eae ieieioi — a IO?, aaea a ia?a/ia
iaiaeaaaaiuo auieao ionoonoaotho iiaeoiaeyuea iiceoeee).

Iai?eia?, i?e i?iaaaeaiee i?iaa?ee ioaeaeaieai ONN ?O noiia, aiciauaiiay
?aaioieeo ca i?eia?aoaiioth ei iooaaeo, ia auea i?eiyoa e ca/aoo a
ea/anoaa ?anoiaeia ii nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth.

Ia?yaeo n ioianaieai iiea/aiiie ca iooaaeo noiiu ia n/aoa o/aoa
nianoaaiiuo enoi/ieeia i?aaiecaoeee neaaeoao aeiia/eneeoue no?aoiaua
aciinu a IO? ii noaaea 28 % ia noiio iooaaee, a oaeaea oaea?aeaoue n
iieo/eaoaai iooaaeo ?aaioieea 1 % a IO? (a aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa
iaiaoiaeeii oaea?aeaoue e iiaeioiaeiue iaeia).

I?aiee no?aoiaiio aeoeao, auiea/eaaaioth i?aaiecaoeeae ca n/ao n?aaenoa,
auaeaeaiiuo ioaeaeaieai ONN ?O ia?aiia/aeueii aeeth/aaony a iaeaaaaioth
aaco i?e en/eneaiee ieaoaaeae a nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu.
Iaeiaei a ioiioaiee aciinia a ONN ?O, oiiaeu IIN e AOCI ?O aeaiiay
i?aiey iiaeao auoue ?anniio?aia eae aaeeiia?aiaiiay (ia /aua iaeiiai
?aca a aiae). A ioiioaiee IO? aeaiiay i?aiey a ia?a/aiue iaiaeaaaaiuo
auieao ia aeeth/aia (e auieaoai ca n/ao n?aaenoa oiiaeia a niioaaonoaee
n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ia ioiineony).

I?aaiecaoeeae, auiea/eaathuae ii ?aoaieth ioaeaeaiey ONN ?O i?aieth
no?aoiaiio aeoeao (/eaiai eiiennee, oiieiiii/aiiui ii nioeeaeueiiio
no?aoiaaieth), aeieaeiu auoue i?iecaaaeaiu io/eneaiey a IO? ii noaaea 28
% (eeai ca n/ao auaeaeaiiuo ONN ?O n?aaenoa -anee aeaiiue aii?in
niaeaniaai n ioaeaeaieai oiiaea, eeai ca n/ao nianoaaiiuo enoi/ieeia), a
oaeaea oaea?aeaiu aciinu a IO? ii noaaea 1 % n i?aie?iaaiiuo a?aaeaeai
ia?yaeo n iiaeioiaeiui iaeiaii.

Eae aeaeei, aeaenoaothuea ii?iaoeaiua aeieoiaiou i?eaiaeyo e aano?aeiie
neooaoeee, eiaaea aciinu a iaeei ainoaea?noaaiiue nioeeaeueiue
aiaathaeaeaoiue oiiae neaaeoao i?iecaiaeeoue ca n/ao n?aaenoa,
auaeaeaiiuo ae?oaei ainoaea?noaaiiui nioeeaeueiui aiaathaeaeaoiui
oiiaeii.

Noieiinoue niaoeiaeaaeaeu e ae?oaeo n?aaenoa eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie caueou,
auaeaaaaiuo a niioaaonoaee n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii. Noieiinoue auaeaiiie
?aaioieeai niaoeeaeueiie iaeaaeaeu e niaoeeaeueiie iaoae aeeth/aia ai
ana eiathueany ia?a/ie auieao, ia eioi?ua ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua
aciinu a ainoaea?noaaiiua nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu.

Eiaaony a aeaeo auaea/a niaoeeaeueiie iaeaaeaeu a niioaaonoaee ni no.
149 ECiO ?O ii onoaiiaeaiiui ii?iai ia ?aaioao:

– n a?aaeiuie oneiaeyie o?oaea;

– a iniauo oaiia?aoo?iuo oneiaeyo;

– naycaiiuo n caa?yciaieai.

I?e iaania/aiee ?aaioieeia niaoeiaeaaeaeie neaaeoao o/eouaaoue Oeiiaua
ii?iu aeey ?aai/eo e neoaeaueo neaiciuo i?ioannee e aeieaeiinoae anao
io?aneae ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa, niaea?aeaueany a i?eeiaeaiee e
iinoaiiaeaieth Aineiio?oaea NNN? e I?aceaeeoia AOeNIN io 12.02.81 ?
47/I-2, Oeiiaua io?aneaaua ii?iu, a oaeaea I?aaeea iaania/aiey
?aaioieeia niaoeeaeueiie iaeaaeaeie, niaoeeaeueiie iaoaueth e ae?oaeie
n?aaenoaaie eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie caueou, ooaa?aeaeaiiua iinoaiiaeaieai
Ieio?oaea ?O io 18.12.98 ? 51.

Auaeaiiay ?aaioieeai iaeaaeaea i?eciaaony niaoeeaeueiie i?e oneiaee
niioaaonoaey iacaaiey aeieaeiinoe e aeaea iaeaaeaeu oeacaiiui
ii?iaoeaiui aeieoiaioai.

Ai anao inoaeueiuo neo/ayo ia noieiinoue auaeaiiie aioo?eoe?iaiiie
iaeaaeaeu neaaeoao ia/eneyoue no?aoiaua aciinu ai ana nioeeaeueiua
aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu, a oaeaea aeeth/aoue noieiinoue iaeaaeaeu a
niaieoiiue aeioiae ?aaioieeia e ioiineoue noieiinoue aa i?eia?aoaiey ca
n/ao nianoaaiiuo enoi/ieeia i?aaiecaoeee.

I?i/ea eiiiainaoeeiiiua auieaou, naycaiiua n auiieiaieai ?aaioieeaie
o?oaeiauo iaycaiiinoae. E iei, a /anoiinoe, ioiineony iieaoa
i?aaiecaoeeae aaeeiuo i?iacaeiuo ea?oi/ae, i?aaenoaaeoaeueneea ?anoiaeu
e o.i.

Ii iiaieth oiieiiii/aiiuo IO?, noieiinoue i?iacaeiuo aeeaoia iiaeao
iiaeiaaeaoue iiae aeaenoaea i. 10 Ia?a/iy auieao, ia eioi?ua ia
ia/eneythony no?aoiaua aciinu a IO? (noiiu, auiea/eaaaiua a aiciauaiea
aeiiieieoaeueiuo ?anoiaeia, naycaiiuo n auiieiaieai ?aaioieeaie
o?oaeiauo iaycaiiinoae), oieueei i?e niaethaeaiee ii?aaeaeaiiuo oneiaee.

A i. 8 ?acuyniaiee ii i?eiaiaieth ia?a/iy auieao, ia eioi?ua

ia ia/eneythony aciinu a IO? oeacaiu aeaa oneiaey:

– iaeiaiiaaiea aeieaeiinoae eeoe, iieuecothueony i?iacaeiuie aeeaoaie,
naeaeaoaeuenoaothueo i ?acuacaeiii oa?aeoa?a eo ?aaio;

– iaiaoiaeeiinoue ?acuacaeia iiaeoaa?aeaeaia aeieaeiinoiuie
eino?oeoeeyie e niioaaonoaothueie ?anii?yaeeoaeueiuie aeieoiaioaie
i?aaiecaoeee.

Ia i?aeoeea oiieiiii/aiiua IO? ia?aaeei o?aaotho niaethaeaiey
aeiiieieoaeueiuo, ieaaea niaoeeaeueii ia iaiai?aiiuo oneiaee. Ai
ecaaaeaiea nii?ia n i?aaiaie IO? i?e i?iaa?eao i?aaiecaoeeyi
?aeiiaiaeoaony o/eouaaoue yoe aeiiieieoaeueiua oneiaey:

– i?iacaeiua aeeaou ia yaeythony eiaiiuie;

– i?iacaeiua aeeaou i?eia?aoathony iaiin?aaenoaaiii i?aaiecaoeeae (a ia
?aaioieeaie) e o/eouaathony i?aaiecaoeeae eae aeaiee no?iaie io/aoiinoe.
A neo/aa i?eia?aoaiey i?iacaeiuo aeeaoia /a?ac iiaeio/aoiuo eeoe
aeaeaoaeueii, /oiau iiaeio/aoiia eeoei ia yaeyeinue eneeth/eoaeueiui
iieueciaaoaeai i?eia?aoaiiiai i?iacaeiiai aeeaoa;

– a i?aaiecaoeee aaaeaony aeo?iae o/aoa iiacaeie (aeo?iae o/aoa auaea/e
ea?oi/ae aeey neoaeaaiuo iiacaeie), iiaeoaa?aeaeathuee
i?iecaiaenoaaiioth iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?eia?aoaiey i?aaiecaoeeae aeaiiiai
eiee/anoaa i?iacaeiuo aeeaoia e eniieueciaaiea eo eneeth/eoaeueii aeey
neoaeaaiuo ?acuacaeia.

I?e niaethaeaiee anao oeacaiiuo oneiaee o i?aaiecaoeee ia aeieaeii
aicieeiooue i?iaeai ie n ioianaieai noii ca aaeeiua i?iacaeiua ea?oi/ee
ia naaanoieiinoue i?iaeoeoeee (?aaio, oneoa), ie n oaea?aeaieai
iiaeioiaeiiai iaeiaa, ie n en/eneaieai ieaoaaeae a ainoaea?noaaiiua
nioeeaeueiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu.

2.2 Aiaeec ia?aciaaiey e eniieueciaaiey n?aaenoa oiiaeia nioeeaeueiiai
no?aoiaaiey

Oiiae ainoaea?noaaiiiai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey yaeyaony
naiinoiyoaeueiui ainoaea?noaaiiui oeiainiai-e?aaeeoiui o/?aaeaeaieai ?O.

N?aaenoaa ainoaea?noaaiiiai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey iai?aaeythony ia:

a) auieaoo iiniaee:

– ii a?aiaiiie iao?oaeiniiniaiinoe,

– ii aa?aiaiiinoe e ?iaeai,

– aaeeiia?aiaiiiai iiniaey aeaiueiai, anoaaoei ia o/ao a iaaeeoeeineeo
o/?aaeaeaieyo a ?aiiea n?iee aa?aiaiiinoe (aei 12 iaaeaeue);

– aaeeiia?aiaiiiai iiniaey i?e ?iaeaeaiea ?aa?iea;

– aaeaiany/iiai iiniaey ia ia?eiae ioionea ii ooiaeo ca ?aaaieii aei
aeinoeaeaiey ei aic?anoa iieooi?a eao;

– nioeeaeueiiai iiniaey ia iia?aaaiea;

– iieaoo iooaaie ia naieoa?ii-eo?i?oiia ea/aiea e ioaeuo ?aaioieeia e
/eaiia ec naiae, ea/aaiia (aeeaoe/aneia) ieoaiea, iieaoo i?iacaea a
naieoa?ii – eo?i?oiua o/?aaeaeaiey e a o/?aaeaeaiey ioaeuoa;

– iieaoo aeiiieieoaeueiuo auoiaeiuo aeiae ii ooiaeo ca
?aaaieii-eiaaeeaeii.

Oaaeeoea 2.1 – Ninoiyiea ?an/aoia i?aaei?eyoey ii oiiaeai nioeeaeueiiai
no?aoiaaiey

Iieacaoaee19992000Eciaiaiea1. N?aaeianieni/iay /eneaiiinoue
?aaioieeia134156116%2. Oiiae ca?aaioiie ieaou ia eioi?ue ia/eneythony
no?aoiaua aciinu20194295062275250%

3. Ia/eneaii109049273362250%4. Ia?a/eneaii53993153302284%5.
Ia?a/eneaii/ia/eneaii49,5%56%

A 2000 a. (i?eeiaeaiea A,A,A,A,Ae) ia/eneaii a oiiaeu nioeeaeueiiai
no?aoiaaiey auei a 2,5 ?aca aieueoa, /ai a 1999 a. Yoi i?iecioei ec-ca
oiai, /oi oaaee/eeanue n?aaeiyy nieni/iay /eneaiiinoue ?aaioieeia ia 16%
e niioaaonoaaiii oaaee/eeny oiiae ca?aaioiie ieaou ia 150%. Ia?a/eneaiee
a oiiaeu i?iaiaeeeinue ii/oe a 3 ?aca aieueoa. Ii yoa oaiaeaioeey ia
yaeyaony iieiaeeoaeueiie, oae eae ec noiiu ia/eneaiiuo n?aaenoa a 1999
a. ia?a/eneaii auei anaai 49,5%, a a 2000 a – 56% (aeeth/ay auieaoo
oo?aoia e caaeieaeaiiinoae ca i?ioeue aiae).

Ia/eneaiea aciinia a iaineiiiue oiiae ?O i?iecaiaeeony io noiiu
oaeoe/anee ia/eneaiiiai oiiaea iieaou o?oaea.

Oaaeeoea 2.2 – Ninoiyiea ?an/aoia i?aaei?eyoey ii no?aoiaui aciinai a
iaineiiiue oiiae ?O

Iieacaoaee19992000Eciaiaiea1. Inoaoie caaeieaeaiiinoe772466-2.
Ia/eneaii15051602078723138%3. Ia?a/eneaii97517055396458,64.
Ia?a/eneaii/ia/eneaii64,8%26,6%

I?e aiaeeca ninoiyiey ?an/aoia ii aciinai a iaineiiiue oiiae ?O ia
i?aaei?eyoea (i?eeiaeaiea A,AE,E,E,E,I) oaeaea iaaethaeaaony ia
aeaaii?eyoiay oaiaeaioeey. Inoaoie caaeieaeaiiinoe ia 1.01.99 ninoaaeye
772466 ?oa. A 1999 a. auei ia/eneaii 1505160 ?oa., a ia?a/eneaii anaai
64,8% (aac o/aoa caaeieaeaiiinoe), a anee iiaen/eoaoue ninoiyiea
ieaoaaeae n o/aoii iaoiea/aiiuo oo?aoia e caaeieaeaiiinoe, oi yoio
iieacaoaeue ninoaaeyao anaai 43%. A 2000 a. ninoiyiea ?an/aoia n
iaineiiiui oiiaeii ie neieueei ia oeo/oeeinue.

Ainoaea?noaaiiue oiiae caiyoinoe ianaeaiey ?O yaeyaony ainoaea?noaaiiui
aiaathaeaeaoiui oiiaeii e oaaea?aeueiie nianoaaiiinoueth ?O e
i?aaeiacia/ai

Oaaeeoea 2.3 – Ninoiyiea ?an/aoia i?aaei?eyoey n oiiii caiyoinoe

Iieacaoaee19992000Eciaiaiea1. Oiiae ca?aaioiie ieaou ia eioi?ue
ia/eneythony aciinu20300195062275249%2. Ia/eneaii5045275933150%3.
I?e/eoaaony e oieaoa817927784995%3. Ia?a/eneaii798765554769,5%4.
Ia?a/eneaii/ i?e/eoaaony e oieaoa98%71%

A 2000 a. oiiae ca?aaioiie ieaou ia eioi?ue ia/eneythony aciinu a oiiae
caiyoinoe oaaee/eeny ii/oe a 2 ?aca (i?eeiaeaiea I,I), i?e yoii
ia/eneaii anaai a 1,5 ?aca aieueoa – yoi yaeyaony neaaenoaeai oiai, /oi
a oiiae ca?aaioiie ieaou auei aeeth/aii aieueoa noii, eioi?ua ia
aeeth/athony a ninoaa aeioiaeia, io eioi?uo io/eneythony n?aaenoaa a
oiiae caiyoinoe (Iai?eia?: ii aaoi?neei aeiaiai?ai, aaeeiia?aiaiiay
iaoa?eaeueiay iiiiuue a inoaeueiuo neo/ayo (aeeth/ay aacaica?aoiua
nnoaeu e noiiu, auaeaiiua ?aaioieeo aeey iiaaoaiey e?aaeeoia),
aeaiaaeiua iaa?aaeu, i?enoaeaeaaiua ca i?eciaua ianoa ia ni?aaiiaaieyo,
niio?ao, eiieo?nao e o. i.)

Oaaeeoea 2.4 – Ninoiyiea ?an/aoia i?aaei?eyoey ii no?aoiaui aciinai a
oiiae IIN

Iieacaoaee19992000Eciaiaiea1. Oiiae ca?aaioiie ieaou ia eioi?ue
ia/eneythony aciinu20053885025475251%2. Ia/eneaii72195180917251%3.
I?e/eoaaony e oieaoa223177267816120%4. Ia?a/eneaii166300840580505%

Naiay aeaaii?eyoiay ea?oeia ia i?aaei?eyoea iaaethaeaaony ii ?an/aoai n
oiiaeii IIN – caeanue noiia ia?a/eneaiiuo n?aaenoa oaaee/eeanue a 5 ?ac
(i?eeiaeaiea ?,N,O,O). Oioy oiiae ca?aaioiie ieaou (eae e ii ae?oaei
oiiaeai oaaee/eeny a 2,5 ?aca)

Oaaeeoea 2.5 – Iai?aaeaiea ?anoiaeiaaiey n?aaenoa oiiaea nioeeaeueiiai
no?aoiaaiey

Iai?aaeaiey eniieueciaaiey19992000noiiaoae. aannoiiaoae. aan1. Iiniaey
ii a?aiaiiie iao?oaeiniiniaiinoe2171881,7%6771243,5%2. Ii ooiaeo ca
aeaoueie-eiaaeeaeaie11704,4%33822,2%3. Aiaoeieueiia ianeoaeeaaiea
aeaoae369013,9%66604,3%4. I?aie?iaaiea no?aoiaiai
aeoeaa–7775450%Eoiai:26579,5100%155508100%

A 1999 a. aieueoay /anoue n?aaenoa oiiaea nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey
?anoiaeiaaeanue ia auieaoo iiniaee ii a?aiaiiie iao?oaeiniiniaiinoe –
81,7%.

A 2000 a. no?oeoo?a ?anoiaeia ianeieueei eciaieeanue – 50% auei
ec?anoiaeiaaii ia i?aie?iaaiea no?aoiaiai aeoeaa, a ia auieaoo iiniaee
ii a?aiaiiie iao?oaeiniiniaiinoe oieueei – 43,5%, /oi ii/oe a 2 ?aca
iaiueoa, /ai a 1999 a.

Aeaiiay oaiaeaioeey yaeyaony iieiaeeoaeueiie, oae eae nieaeaaony
oaeaeueiue aan auieao ii aieueie/iui eenoai, /oi aiai?eo ia oeo/oaiee
caei?iauey ?aaioieeia e oeo/oaaony iaoa?eaeueiay noi?iia ca n/ao auieaou
i?aiee.

2.3 Iniaaiiinoe ?an/aoia ii nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth e iaania/aieth n
1.01.2001

A niioaaonoaee ni no. 234 Iaeiaiaiai eiaeaena ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
(aeaeaa – IE ?O) aaeeiue nioeeaeueiue iaeia i?aaeiacia/ai aeey
iiaeeecaoeee n?aaenoa aeey ?aaeecaoeee i?aaa a?aaeaeai ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee ia ainoaea?noaaiiia iaineiiiia e nioeeaeueiia iaania/aiea e
iaaeeoeeineoth iiiiuue.

Iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa (aeaeaa — iaeia)
yaeythony ?aaioiaeaoaee–i?aaiecaoeee, eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua
i?aaei?eieiaoaee, e?anoueyineea (oa?ia?neea) oicyenoaa, ?iaeiaua
(naiaeiua) iaueiu iaei/eneaiiuo ia?iaeia Naaa?a, aaeaieaou, oece/aneea
eeoea, i?iecaiaeyuea auieaou iaaiiui ?aaioieeai. Eneeth/aieai yaeythony
i?aaiecaoeee e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua i?aaei?eieiaoaee, oiea/eaathuea aaeeiue
iaeia ia aiaiaiiue aeioiae aeey ii?aaeaeaiiuo aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe, a
/anoe aeioiaeia, iieo/aaiuo io yoeo aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe.

Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua i?aaei?eieiaoaee e aaeaieaou aoaeoo ieaoeoue iaeia ia
oieueei n noii, auiea/eaaaiuo iaaiiui ?aaioieeai, ii e n aeioiaeia io
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe ca au/aoii ?anoiaeia, naycaiiuo n
eo ecaea/aieai, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo i. 1 no. 221 IE ?O.

Aeaaa 24 /anoe aoi?ie IE ?O ?anoe?eea e?oa ieaoaeueueeia, a eiaiii:
ieaoaeueueeaie aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa noaee oece/aneea eeoea,
aunooiathuea a ea/anoaa ?aaioiaeaoaeae e i?iecaiaeyuea auieaou iaaiiui
?aaioieeai.

Oaia?ue caeiiiaeaoaeueii cae?aieaia ii?ia (i. 2 no. 235), a niioaaonoaee
n eioi?ie, anee iaeiaiieaoaeueuee iaeiia?aiaiii ioiineony e ianeieueeei
eaoaai?eyi iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia, oeacaiiui a iiaeioieoao 1 e 2 i. 1 no.
235 IE ?O, ii i?eciaaony ioaeaeueiui iaeiaiieaoaeueueeii ii eaaeaeiio
ioaeaeueii acyoiio iniiaaieth, a eiaiii: eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua
i?aaei?eieiaoaee, ?iaeiaua, naiaeiua iaueiu iaei/eneaiiuo ia?iaeia
Naaa?a, caieiathueany o?aaeeoeeiiiuie io?aneyie oicyenoaiaaiey,
e?anoueyineea (oa?ia?neea) oicyenoaa, aaeaieaou yaeythony ieaoaeueueeaie
nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa eae ni naiaai aeioiaea, oae e n aeioiaea,
ia/eneaiiiai a iieueco iaaiiuo ?aaioieeia.

A aeaaa 24 nio?aiaia ii?ia, a niioaaonoaee n eioi?ie ia yaeythony
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie i?aaiecaoeee e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua i?aaei?eieiaoaee,
ia?aaaaeaiiua a niioaaonoaee n ii?iaoeaiuie (i?aaiauie) aeoaie noauaeoia
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ia oieaoo iaeiaa ia aiaiaiiue aeioiae aeey
ii?aaeaeaiiuo aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe, a /anoe aeioiaeia, iieo/aaiuo io
inouanoaeaiey yoeo aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe.

A niioaaonoaee ni no. 236 IE ?O iauaeoii iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey aeey
?aaioiaeaoaeae aoaeoo yaeyoueny auieaou, aiciaa?aaeaeaiey e eiua
aeioiaeu, ia/eneyaiua ?aaioiaeaoaeyie a iieueco ?aaioieeia ii anai
iniiaaieyi, a oii /enea aiciaa?aaeaeaiey ii aeiaiai?ai
a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaiai oa?aeoa?a, i?aaeiaoii eioi?uo yaeyaony auiieiaiea
?aaio (ieacaiea oneoa), ii aaoi?neei e eeoeaiceiiiui aeiaiai?ai, a
oaeaea auieaou a aeaea iaoa?eaeueiie iiiiue e eiua aacaiciacaeiua
auieaou.

Eneeth/aiea: ia aoaeoo yaeyoueny iauaeoii iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey ?acee/iua
auieaou oece/aneeo eeoe a iieueco ae?oaeo oece/aneeo eeoe, ia naycaiiuo
n aeaiiui iaeiaiieaoaeueueeii o?oaeiaui aeiaiai?ii eeai aeiaiai?ii
a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaiai oa?aeoa?a, i?aaeiaoii eioi?iai yaeyaony
auiieiaiea ?aaio (ieacaiea oneoa), eeai aaoi?neei e eeoeaiceiiiui
aeiaiai?ii.

E?iia oiai, auieaou a aeaea iaoa?eaeueiie iiiiue, eiua aacaiciacaeiua
auieaou, auieaou a iaoo?aeueiie oi?ia (naeueneioicyenoaaiiie
i?iaeoeoeeae e (eee) oiaa?aie aeey aeaoae) i?eciathony iauaeoii
iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey a /anoe noii, i?aauoathueo 1000 ?oa., a ?an/aoa ia
eaeaiaea?iue ianyoe.

Aeey i?aaei?eieiaoaeae, i?eiaiythueo oi?iuaiioth nenoaio
iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, iauaeoii iaeiaeaiey aoaeao yaeyoueny aeioiae,
ii?aaeaeaiiue enoiaey ec noieiinoe iaoaioa.

I?e ii?aaeaeaiee iaeiaiaie aacu aoaeoo o/eouaaoueny ana aeioiaeu (e?iia
oao, eioi?ua ia iiaeeaaeao iaeiaiiaeiaeaieth), ia/eneaiiua
?aaioiaeaoaeyie ?aaioieeai a aeaiaaeiie eee iaoo?aeueiie oi?ia, a aeaea
i?aaeinoaaeaiiuo ?aaioieeai iaoa?eaeueiuo, nioeeaeueiuo e eiuo aeaa eee
a aeaea iaoa?eaeueiie auaiaeu.

Iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi ii aeaiiiio iaeiao i?aaeeaaaaony aeiaieueii
oe?ieee ia?a/aiue noii, ia iiaeeaaeaueo iaeiaiiaeiaeaieth, a iniiaiii ii
niaea?aeeo ana auieaou, ia eioi?ua nae/an ia ia/eneythony no?aoiaua
aciinu.

Oae, a niioaaonoaee ni no. 238 IE ?O ia aeeth/athony a ninoaa aeioiaeia,
iiaeeaaeaueo iaeiaiiaeiaeaieth, ainoaea?noaaiiua iiniaey (iiniaey ii
a?aiaiiie iao?oaeiniiniaiinoe, ii ooiaeo ca aieueiui ?aaaieii, ii
aac?aaioeoea, aa?aiaiiinoe e ?iaeai e o. ae.), eiiiainaoeeiiiua auieaou,
naycaiiua n aiciauaieai a?aaea, i?e/eiaiiiai oaa/ueai eee eiui
iia?aaeaeaieai caei?iauey.

Oaeaea a yoio ia?a/aiue aoiaeyo oaeea nioeeaeueii cia/eiua aeioiaeu, eae
noiiu, iieo/aiiua a nayce n aanieaoiui i?aaeinoaaeaieai aeeeuo iiiauaiee
e eiiioiaeueiuo oneoa, iieaoie noieiinoe ieoaiey, nii?oeaiiai
nia?yaeaiey, iai?oaeiaaiey, nii?oeaiie e ia?aaeiie oi?iu, iieo/aaiuo
nii?oniaiaie e ?aaioieeaie oeceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaiuo i?aaiecaoeee aeey
o/aaii-o?aie?iai/iiai i?ioeanna e o/anoey a nii?oeaiuo ia?ii?eyoeyo,
aiciauaieai ?anoiaeia ia iiauoaiea i?ioanneiiaeueiiai o?iaiy ?aaioieeia.

Ia iiaeeaaeao iaeiaiiaeiaeaieth noiiu, oiea/aiiua ?aaioiaeaoaeyie:

– aeieoiaioaeueii iiaeoaa?aeaeaiiua ?anoiaeu ia ea/aiea e iaaeeoeeineia
ianeoaeeaaiea ?aaioieeia, eo noi?oaia, ?iaeeoaeae eee aeaoae, eioi?ua
iiea/eaathony ec n?aaenoa, inoaaoeony a eo ?anii?yaeaiee iinea oieaou
iaeiaa ia aeioiaeu i?aaiecaoeee, i?e iaycaoaeueiii oneiaee — iaee/ea o
iaaeeoeeineeo o/?aaeaeaiee niioaaonoaothueo eeoeaicee;

– noiiu iieaou o?oaea e ae?oaea noiiu a eiino?aiiie aaethoa,
auiea/eaaaiua ?aaioieeai athaeaeaoiuo i?aaiecaoeee, oeiaine?oaiuo ec
oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa, iai?aaeaiiui ia ?aaioo ca a?aieoeo (a
i?aaeaeao ii?i, onoaiiaeaiiuo caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee);

– noiiu no?aoiauo ieaoaaeae (iaineiiiuo aciinia), auiea/eaaaiuo
i?aaiecaoeeae ii aeiaiai?ai aeia?iaieueiiai no?aoiaaiey naieo ?aaioieeia
(aeiaiai?ai aeia?iaieueiiai iaineiiiiai iaania/aiey), caeeth/aiiui ni
no?aoiaueeaie e iaainoaea?noaaiiuie iaineiiiuie oiiaeaie, niioaaonoaaiii
ca n/ao n?aaenoa, inoaaoeony a ?anii?yaeaiee i?aaiecaoeee iinea oieaou
iaeiaa ia aeioiaeu i?aaiecaoeee.

Aeaaie 24 i?aaeoniio?aii, /oi i?e ii?aaeaeaiee iaeiaiaie aacu
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie (?aaioiaeaoaeyie) o/eouaathony ethaua aeioiaeu (ca
eneeth/aieai aeioiaeia, oeacaiiuo a no. 238 IE ?O), ia/eneaiiua
?aaioieeai a aeaiaaeiie eee iaoo?aeueiie oi?ia, a aeaea iaoa?eaeueiuo,
nioeeaeueiuo e eiuo aeaa eee a aeaea eiie iaoa?eaeueiie auaiaeu.

Noaouey 237 niaea?aeeo niaa?oaiii iiaoth ii?io, a niioaaonoaee n eioi?ie
auoaoeacaiiua auieaou [auieaou a aeaea iaoa?eaeueiie iiiiue e eiua
aacaiciacaeiua auieaou iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia (?aaioiaeaoaeae) a iieueco
oece/aneeo eeoe, ia naycaiiuo n iaeiaiieaoaeueueeii o?oaeiaui aeiaiai?ii
eeai aeiaiai?ii a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaiai oa?aeoa?a, i?aaeiaoii eioi?iai
yaeyaony auiieiaiea ?aaio (ieacaiea oneoa), aaoi?neei eee eeoeaiceiiiui
aeiaiai?ii] ia i?eciathony iauaeoii iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, anee iie
i?iecaiaeyony ec i?eauee, inoathuaeny a ?anii?yaeaiee i?aaiecaoeee.

Iiaui yaeyaony e oi, /oi auieaou a aeaea iaoa?eaeueiie iiiiue, eiua
aacaiciacaeiua auieaou, a oaeaea auieaou a iaoo?aeueiie oi?ia,
i?iecaiaeeiua naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeeae e (eee) oiaa?aie aeey
aeaoae, ia i?eciathony iauaeoii iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey a /anoe noii, ia
i?aauoathueo 1000 ?oaeae a ?an/aoa ia eaeaiaea?iue ianyoe.

Iniaaiiinoueth aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa yaeyaony oi, /oi
?aaioiaeaoaeue aeieaeai aoaeao ii?aaeaeyoue iaeiaiaoth aaco ioaeaeueii
ii eaaeaeiio ?aaioieeo n ia/aea iaeiaiaiai ia?eiaea ii enoa/aiee
eaaeaeiai ianyoea ia?anoathuei eoiaii.

Ioieoii 2 no. 237 /anoe aoi?ie IE ?O onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e ii?aaeaeaiee
iaeiaiaie aacu ia o/eouaathony aeioiaeu, iieo/aiiua ?aaioieeaie io
ae?oaeo ?aaioiaeaoaeae (oi anoue ii ianeieueeei ianoai ?aaiou).

Anee ?aaioiee iieo/aao iaeiaiiaeaaaaiua aeioiaeu io ianeieueeeo
?aaioiaeaoaeae e niaieoiiay iaeiaiaay aaca, en/eneaiiay ii ianeieueeei
ianoai ?aaiou, iiaeiaaeaao iiae eioth noaaeo nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa, i?aai
ia ca/ao eee aica?ao eceeoia oiea/aiiuo noii iaeiaa ia aicieeaao. Yoi
iaoneiaeaii oai, /oi ieaoaeueueeii aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa
yaeyaony ia nai ?aaioiee, a ?aaioiaeaoaeue. I?e yoii i?iecaiaeeony
ia/eneaiea iaeiaa ia auieaou a iieueco ?aaioieea, a ia aai oaea?aeaiea n
ca?aaioiie ieaou, eae a iiaeioiaeiii iaeiaa.

*oi eanaaony iaeiaiaie aacu aeey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo i?aaei?eieiaoaeae,
?iaeiauo, naiaeiuo iauei iaei/eneaiiuo ia?iaeia Naaa?a, caieiathueony
o?aaeeoeeiiiuie io?aneyie oicyenoaiaaiey, e?anoueyineeo (oa?ia?neeo)
oicyenoa, aaeaieaoia, oi i?e aa en/eneaiee eiaaony ionuei/iay ii?ia e
ioaeaeueiui noaoueyi aeaau 23 “Iaeia ia aeioiaeu oece/aneeo eeoe” IE ?O,
a niioaaonoaee n eioi?ie e ?anoiaeai iiaoo auoue ioianaiu oieueei
“i?ioanneiiaeueiua iaeiaiaua au/aou” (no. 221). Ioianaiea e ?anoiaeai
“noaiaea?oiuo iaeiaiauo au/aoia” (no. 218 aeaau 23 IE ?O), “nioeeaeueiuo
iaeiaiauo au/aoia” (no. 219) e “eiouanoaaiiuo iaeiaiauo au/aoia” (no.
220), eioi?ua o/anoaotho a ?an/aoa iiaeioiaeiiai iaeiaa, i?e ?an/aoa
aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa caeiiii cai?auaii (i. 3 no. 237 aeaau 24
IE_?O).

Iiaui yaeyaony aua e oi, /oi n aaaaeaieai a aeaenoaea aeaau 24 IE ?O
iaeiaiaay aaca ?anoe?yaony ia noiio aeiiieieoaeueiie iaoa?eaeueiie
auaiaeu, e eioi?ie, a /anoiinoe ioiinyony:

— aeiiieieoaeueiay auaiaea io iieaou (iieiinoueth eee /anoe/ii)
?aaioiaeaoaeai i?eia?aoaaiuo aeey ?aaioieea e (eee) /eaiia aai naiuee
oiaa?ia (?aaio, oneoa) eee i?aa, a oii /enea eiiioiaeueiuo oneoa,
ieoaiey, ioaeuoa, iao/aiey a eioa?anao ?aaioieea;

— aeiiieieoaeueiay auaiaea io i?eia?aoaiey ?aaioieeii e (eee) /eaiaie
aai naiuee o ?aaioiaeaoaey oiaa?ia (?aaio, oneoa) ia oneiaeyo, aieaa
auaiaeiuo ii n?aaiaieth n i?aaeinoaaeyaiuie a iau/iuo oneiaeyo eo
i?iaeaaoeaie, ia yaeythueieny acaeiicaaeneiuie n iieoiaoaeyie
(eeeaioaie);

— iaoa?eaeueiay auaiaea a aeaea yeiiiiee ia i?ioeaioao i?e iieo/aiee
?aaioieeii io ?aaioiaeaoaey caaiiuo n?aaenoa ia eueaioiuo oneiaeyo,
ii?aaeaeyaiay ii i?aaeeai, i?aaeoniio?aiiui i. 2 no. 212 IE?O;

— iaoa?eaeueiay auaiaea, iieo/aaiay ?aaioieeii a aeaea noiiu no?aoiauo
aciinia ii aeiaiai?ai aeia?iaieueiiai no?aoiaaiey (ca eneeth/aieai noii
no?aoiauo aciinia, oeacaiiuo a iiaeioieoa 9 i. 1 no. 238 IE ?O), a
neo/aa anee no?aoiaua aciinu iieiinoueth eee /anoe/ii aiineeenue ca iaai
?aaioiaeaoaeai.

Iniai oi/aony ioiaoeoue, /oi aei aaaaeaiey aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa
aai i?ioeaieee aiai?eee, /oi “nioeeaeueiue iaeia” iiaeao anao inoaaeoue
aac iiniaee ii ainoaea?noaaiiiio nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth, /oi o ONN
anoue nae/an i?aai ?anoiaeiaaiey ia/eneaiiuo no?aoiauo aciinia ‘ia
auieaoo iiniaee ii a?aiaiiie iao?oaeiniiniaiinoe e ae?oaeo iiniaee
iaiin?aaenoaaiii ia i?aaei?eyoee, a a ONN ia?a/eneyoue oieueei ?acieoeo.
Ia aoaeao ee icia/aoue aaaaeaiea nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa ioiaio oaeiai
i?aaa, ia i?eaeaony ee iioii ?aaioathuei ia i?aaei?eyoee eaeoe aua a
eaeea-oi o/?aaeaeaiey, noiyoue a i/a?aaee ca iieo/aieai naieo aeaiaa?

Oae aio, a aeaaa 24 /anoe aoi?ie IE ?O nio?aiai “inoaoi/iue i?eioeei”
ii?aaeaeaiey iaeiaiaie aacu ii ONN, a eiaiii: noiia iaeiaa, ca/eneyaiay
a ninoaaa nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa a ONN, iiaeeaaeeo oiaiueoaieth
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie ia i?iecaaaeaiiua eie naiinoiyoaeueii ?anoiaeu ia
oeaee ainoaea?noaaiiiai nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey, i?aaeoniio?aiiua
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee (i. 2 no. 243).

Iaeiaiaui ia?eiaeii aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa i?eciai eaeaiaea?iue
aiae.

IE ?O ii?aaeaeyao, /oi iaeiaiieaoaeueueee-?aaioiaeaoaee aeieaeiu
i?aaenoaaeyoue iaeiaiaoth aeaeea?aoeeth iaeei ?ac a aiae, a a oa/aiea
aiaea i?iecaiaeeoue oieaoo aaainiauo ieaoaaeae ii iaeiao aaeaiany/ii a
n?ie, onoaiiaeaiiue aeey iieo/aiey n?aaenoa a aaiea ia iieaoo o?oaea ca
enoaeoee ianyoe, ii ia iicaeiaa 15-ai /enea neaaeothuaai ianyoea.

E?iia oiai, aaie ia ai?aaa auaeaaaoue naiaio eeeaioo-iaeiaiieaoaeueueeo
n?aaenoaa ia iieaoo o?oaea, anee iineaaeiee ia i?aaenoaaee ieaoaaeiuo
ii?o/aiee ia ia?a/eneaiea iaeiaa.

A naith i/a?aaeue, iaeiaiieaoaeueueee, ia yaeythueany ?aaioiaeaoaeyie,
aoaeoo iaycaiu i?iecaiaeeoue oieaoo aaainiauo ieaoaaeae ia iniiaaiee
iaeiaiauo oaaaeiieaiee:

a) ca yiaa?ue — ethiue — ia iicaeiaa 15 ethey oaeouaai aiaea a ?acia?a
iieiaeiu aiaeiaie noiiu aaainiauo ieaoaaeae;

a) ca etheue — naioya?ue — ia iicaeiaa 15 ieoya?y oaeouaai aiaea a
?acia?a iaeiie /aoaa?oie aiaeiaie noiiu aaainiauo ieaoaaeae;

a) ca ieoya?ue — aeaeaa?ue — ia iicaeiaa 15 yiaa?y neaaeothuaai aiaea a
?acia?a iaeiie /aoaa?oie aiaeiaie noiiu aaainiauo ieaoaaeae.

En/eneaiea noiiu aaainiauo ieaoaaeae ia oaeouee iaeiaiaue ia?eiae,
iiaeeaaeaueo oieaoa iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie, ia yaeythueieny
?aaioiaeaoaeyie, ca eneeth/aieai aaeaieaoia, aoaeao i?iecaiaeeoueny
iaeiaiaui i?aaiii a ii?yaeea, ii?aaeaeaiiii aeaaie 24.

Neaaeoao iniai ioiaoeoue, /oi ianiio?y ia oi, /oi iaeiaiieaoaeueueee
aeieaeiu oaia?ue i?aaenoaaeyoue io/aoiinoue ii aaeeiiio nioeeaeueiiio
iaeiao iaeiaiaui i?aaiai, a IE ?O i?aaeoniio?aia ii?ia, a niioaaonoaee n
eioi?ie ca ieie (iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie) oaeaea cae?aieaia iaycaiiinoue
i?aaenoaaeyoue naaaeaiey a:

— IO? — a niioaaonoaee n oaaea?aeueiui caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ia
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiii ia?niieoeoee?iaaiiii o/aoa a nenoaia ainoaea?noaaiiiai
iaineiiiiai no?aoiaaiey;

— ONN — i noiiao, eniieueciaaiiuo ia auieaou ii ainoaea?noaaiiiio
nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth.

Iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?aaenoaaeaiey aeaiiuo naaaeaiee a ONN i?iaeeeoiaaia
oai, /oi ii ONN a caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa caeiaeai “inoaoi/iue” i?eioeei
ca/eneaiey /anoe noiiu nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa, iiaeeaaeauae ca/eneaieth a
aeaiiue oiiae, i eioi?ii aiai?eeinue ?aiaa.

Aaeeiue iaeia en/eneyaony ii ?aa?anneaiie oeaea noaaie. Niaeanii no. 241
IE ?O aeey iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia, aunooiathueo a ea/anoaa ?aaioiaeaoaeae
(e?iia i?aaiecaoeee, caiyouo a i?iecaiaenoaa naeueneioicyenoaaiiie
i?iaeoeoeee), onoaiiaeaia neaaeothuay oeaea noaaie (i?eeiaeaiea ).

N aaaaeaieai aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa ia
iaeiaiieaoaeueueea-?aaioiaeaoaey eiaeeony iaycaiiinoue ii en/eneaieth
aeaiiiai iaeiaa a ?an/aoa ia eaaeaeiai ioaeaeueiiai ?aaioieea
ia?anoathuei eoiaii n ia/aea aiaea ii ?aa?anneaiie oeaea ii noaaeai,
onoaiiaeaiiui no. 241 aeaau 24 aeey ?acee/iuo eaoaai?ee ieaoaeueueeia.

I?e en/eneaiee noiiu nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa ia iieuecoaony aaee/eia
iaeiaiaie aacu a n?aaeiai ia iaeiiai ?aaioieea, a caoai i?iecaiaeeony
?an/ao noiiu iaeiaa a caaeneiinoe io oiai, a eaeie o?iaaiue ?aa?anneaiie
oeaeu iiiaea iaeiaiiaeaaaaiay aaca, oi anoue: — aei 100 000 ?oaeae; — io
100 001 ?oaey aei 300 000 ?oaeae; — io 300 001 ?oaey aei 600 000 ?oaeae;
— nauoa 600 000 ?oaeae. Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi IE ?O i?aaeoniio?aiu
neaaeothuea iaiaoiaeeiua oneiaey aeey eniieueciaaiey ?aa?anneaiie oeaeu
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeaie – ?aaioiaeaoaeyie, a eiaiii:

— a i?aaeuaeouai iaeiaiaii ia?eiaea aaee/eia iaeiaiaie aacu a n?aaeiai
ia iaeiiai ?aaioieea aeieaeii i?aauoaoue 50 000 oun. ?oaeae.

Anee iaeiaiieaoaeueuee inouanoaeyao aeayoaeueiinoue iaiaa iaeiiai
iaeiaiaiai ia?eiaea, ii ia iaiaa o?ao ianyoeaa, a oeaeyo ?an/aoa
aaee/eiu iaeiaiaie aacu a n?aaeiai ia iaeiiai ?aaioieea iaeiieaiiay ca
iineaaeiee eaa?oae aaee/eia iaeiaiaie aacu a n?aaeiai ia iaeiiai
?aaioieea aeieaeia auoue oiiiaeaia ia /aou?a.

E?iia oiai, i?e ?an/aoa aaee/eiu iaeiaiaie aacu a n?aaeiai ia iaeiiai
?aaioieea a i?aaiecaoeeyo n /eneaiiinoueth ?aaioieeia nauoa 30 /aeiaae
ia aeieaeiu o/eouaaoueny 10 % ?aaioieeia, eiathueo iaeaieueoea ii
?acia?o aeioiaeu, a a i?aaiecaoeeyo n /eneaiiinoueth ?aaioieeia aei 30
/aeiaae (aeeth/eoaeueii) — 30 % ?aaioieeia, eiathueo iaeaieueoea ii
?acia?o aeioiaeu;

— ia iiiaio oieaou iaeiaa ca enoaeoee ianyoe iaeiieaiiay n ia/aea aiaea
aaee/eia iaeiaiaie aacu a n?aaeiai ia iaeiiai ?aaioieea aeieaeia auoue
aieueoa noiiu, ?iaiie 4200 ?oaeyi, oiiiaeaiiui ii eiee/anoai ianyoeaa,
enoaeoeo a oaeouai iaeiaiaii ia?eiaea.

A neo/aa iaauiieiaiey auoaiacaaiiuo oneiaee ?an/ao nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa
i?iecaiaeeony ii noaaeai, onoaiiaeaiiui aeey aaee/eiu iaeiaiaie aacu ia
eaaeaeiai ioaeaeueiiai ?aaioieea aei 100 000 ?oaeae (a aeaiiii
Oaaea?aeueiii caeiia iie yaeythony iaeneiaeueiuie), iacaaeneii io
oaeoe/aneie aaee/eiu iaeiaiaie aacu ia eaaeaeiai ioaeaeueiiai ?aaioieea.

I?e aaaaeaiee ?aa?anneaiie oeaeu i?aneaaeoaony oeaeue auaaaeaiey ec
“oaie” /anoe ca?aaioiie ieaou, oae eae n oaaee/aieai ia/eneaiee a
iieueco ?aaioieea nieaeaaony ?acia? io/eneaiee aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai
iaeiaa, a aaaaeaiea ii?aaeaeaiiuo oneiaee aa i?eiaiaiey iai?aaeaii ia
oi, /oiau aunieay ca?aaioiay ieaoa (auieaou a iieueco ?aaioieea) ia
i?aaei?eyoee auiea/eaaeenue anai ?aaioieeai, a ia ii?aaeaeaiiie a?oiia
eeoe eeai oieueei ?oeiaiaeyuaio ninoaao.

Iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi n aaaaeaieai a aeaenoaea aeaau 24 aicieeaao
iiiaeanoai aii?inia, naycaiiuo n aaaaeaieai aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai
iaeiaa, eioi?ua aeieaeiu iaeoe io?aaeaiea a aeiiieieoaeueiuo ii?iaoeaiuo
aeoao. Aeieaeiu oaeaea auoue ?aoaiu aii?inu acaeiiaeaenoaey iaeiaiauo
i?aaiia e i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiuo aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaeia, a oaeaea
iaeiaiieaoaeueueeia n aeaiiuie i?aaiaie.

A caeeth/aiea neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi ioaeaeueiua iieiaeaiey aeaau 24
o?aaotho nouanoaaiiie aei?aaioee, e a ianoiyuaa a?aiy i?iaiaeeony ?aaioa
ii aianaieth a iaa aeiiieiaiee e eciaiaiee.

3. Aoaeeo ?an/aoia ii nioeeaeueiiio no?aoiaaieth e iaania/aieth

3.1 Iiiyoea e nouiinoue aoaeeoa

Neiai “aoaeeoi?” — eaoeineiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey e a ia?aaiaea ia ?onneee
ycue icia/aao “neooaoaeue”. Oae a aeooiaiuo o/aaiuo caaaaeaieyo iacuaaee
ioee/ii oniaaathuaai o/aieea, eioi?ue ii ii?o/aieth o/eoaey i?iecaiaeee
aeiaa?eoaeueioth i?iaa?eo ae?oaeo o/aueony (neooae eo) ia i?aaeiao
onaiaiey eie i?ieaeaiiiai iaoa?eaea e auiieiaiey caaeaiey.

Oaeiai ?iaea aeiaa?eoaeueiua ioiioaiey nouanoaotho a aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe (aoaeeoa), a ia?aiiniiaa i?aaenoaaeythuae niaie i?ioeann
i?iaa?ee aoaeeoi?aie (aoaeeoi?neeie oe?iaie eee oiaa?euanoaaie)
i?aaeeueiinoe aaaeaiey aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa, inouanoaeyaiiai
yeiiiie/aneeie noauaeoaie.

Iiae yeiiiie/aneeie noauaeoaie niaeanii Iinoaiiaeaieth I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O
io 7 aeaeaa?y 1994 a. ? 1355 iiieiathony iacaaeneii io
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiauo oi?i e aeaeia nianoaaiiinoe i?aaei?eyoey, eo
iauaaeeiaiey (nithcu, annioeeaoeee, eiioea?iu, io?aneaaua,
iaaeio?aneaaua, ?aaeiiaeueiua e ae?oaea iauaaeeiaiey), i?aaiecaoeee e
o/?aaeaeaiey, aaiee e ae?oaea e?aaeeoiua o/?aaeaeaiey, a oaeaea eo
nithcu e annioeeaoeee, no?aoiaua i?aaiecaoeee, oiaa?iua e oiiaeiaua
ae?aee, eiaanoeoeeiiiua, iaineiiiua, iauanoaaiiua e ae?oaea oiiaeu,
a?aaeaeaia, inouanoaeythuea naiinoiyoaeueioth i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneoth
aeayoaeueiinoue, a oaeaea aoaeeoi?neea oe?iu e aoaeeoi?u, ?aaioathuea
naiinoiyoaeueii.

I?eaaaeaiiia ii?aaeaeaiea aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe ia yaeyaony
en/a?iuaathuei, iineieueeo iii io?aaeaao eeoue iaeii, oioy e aaaeiaeoaa,
iai?aaeaiea — aooaaeoa?neee aoaeeo.

Iaaeaeo oai a aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe cia/eoaeueiia ianoi caieiatho
e ae?oaea aeaeu ?aaio, i?aaeaea anaai eiinoeueoaoeeiiiua oneoae, a
/anoiinoe, eiinoeueoaoeee ii i?aaiaui aii?inai e iaeiaiiaeiaeaieth, a
oaeaea iaiaaeaeiaioo, ia?eaoeiao e eioi?iaoeeiiiie oaoiieiaee.

Aoaeeoi?neea oe?iu ia?aaeei i?eieiatho ia naay e aooaaeoa?neea ooieoeee:
ninoaaeaiea oeiainiaie io/aoiinoe ia oicyenoaothueo noauaeoao, aaaeaiea
aooaaeoa?neie aeieoiaioaoeee.

Noa?a aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe iai?a?uaii ?anoe?yaony, aeeth/ay a
naay iiaua aeaeu ?aaio e oneoa, auiieiyaiuo a eioa?anao caeac/eeia, a
oii /enea a noa?a aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa, i?aaiecaoeee o?oaea e ca?aaioiie
ieaou, ioeaiee iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae e o.ae.

Aoaeeoi?neay neoaeaa a ?innee iaoiaeeony iiea a ia/aeueiii ia?eiaea
?acaeoey e aua ia caaiaaaea aeieaeiiai aaoi?eoaoa ie n?aaee
i?aaei?eieiaoaeae, ie n?aaee ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia e iauanoaaiiinoe.

Ioiaoei iaeioi?ua iniiaiua yoaiu enoi?ee ?acaeoey aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe. Aoaeeo e niioaaonoaaiii i?ioanney aooaaeoa?a-aoaeeoi?a
eae oaeiaua iiyaeeenue ia?aiia/aeueii a Aiaeee a na?aaeeia i?ioeiai
aaea, a caoai, /a?ac iacia/eoaeueiue i?iiaaeooie a?aiaie, aua a ?yaea
yeiiiie/anee ?acaeouo no?ai — NOA, Aa?iaiee, O?aioeee e iaeioi?uo
ae?oaeo.

Ianiiiaiii, /oi aicieeiiaaiea aoaeeoa eae iiaie aeiaa?eoaeueiie oi?iu
i?iaa?ee oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe yeiiiie/aneeo noauaeoia
aucaaii iiyaeaieai iiauo i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiauo oi?i yoeo noauaeoia e,
i?aaeaea anaai oaeeo, eae aeoeeiia?iua iauanoaa, oiaa?euanoaa n
ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth, anyeiai ?iaea niaianoiua i?aaei?eyoey e
eiiiaiee. I?e yoii oi?aaeaiea iiauie yeiiiie/aneeie noauaeoaie
nianoaaiieee i?aaei?eyoee ana /aua e /aua noaee aeiaa?youe
i?ioanneiiaeai — yeiiiienoai, th?enoai, iaiaaeaea?ai.

Iiiyoii, /oi aeaenoaeoaeueiua nianoaaiieee (ioioaaeoea ioaeae
eaieoaeenou, aea?aeaoaee aeoeee, iaeeaaoeee e ae?oaeo oeaiiuo aoiaa)
auee caeioa?aniaaiu a iieo/aiee aeinoiaa?iie eioi?iaoeee i
oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneii iieiaeaiee “?iaeiuo” i?aaei?eyoee e
i?aaiecaoeee, iainiiaaiiuo caeeth/aiee ii eo aeeaeaeoae e
aeieaia?aiaiiie ia?niaeoeaa. Aaconeiaii, aeaaeaeueoeu i?aaei?eyoee ia
iiaee ie?eoueny n iioa?ae naieo eaieoaeia a ?acoeueoaoa aiacaiiuo
aaie?ionoa “iiaeaaiuo” i?aaei?eyoee, eiee/anoai eioi?uo (aaie?ionoa)
aic?anoaei.

Ie?iaie yeiiiie/aneee e?ecen 1929—1933 aa., aucaaaoee ianniaua
aaie?ionoaa i?aaei?eyoee e i?aaiecaoeee ?acee/iuo yeiiiie/aneeo e
oi?aaeai/aneeo oi?i e no?oeoo?, a iniaaiii aeoeeiia?iuo iauanoa, yaeeny
iiuiui noeioeii aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe,
eioi?ay a iineaaeothuea aiaeu niaa?oainoaiaaeanue a iai?aaeaiee
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiauo iniia. A /anoiinoe, ?aoaeenue aii?inu
?acaeaeaiey “noa? aeeyiey” n ainoaea?noaaiiuie i?aaiaie oeiainiaiai
eiio?iey, ?acaeaaeenue i?aaiecaoeeiiiua no?oeoo?u i?aaiia aoaeeoa (io
iaeeii/iuo naiinoiyoaeueiuo aooaaeoa?ia-aoaeeoi?ia aei aoaeeoi?neeo
oe?i, a oii /enea o?ainiaoeeiiaeueiuo); onoaiaaeeaaeenue a i?aaiaii
ioiioaiee oaeea aeaeu aoaeeoa, eae aoaeeo aiaoiee e aioo?aiiee,
iaycaoaeueiue e aeia?iaieueiue, io?aaaouaaeenue niioaaonoaothuea
iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiey i?iaa?ie; iiauoaeenue o?aaiaaiey e eaaeeoeeaoeee e
eiiiaoaioiinoe aoaeeoi?ia e eo ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca ea/anoai i?iaaaeaiiuo
i?iaa?ie, iainiiaaiiinoe auaeaiiuo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee. Iniaia aieiaiea
oaeaeyeinue oi?ie?iaaieth yoe/aneeo e iiaaaeai/aneeo ii?i ai
acaeiiioiioaieyo aoaeeoi?ia n eeeaioaie, niaethaeaieth i?eioeeia
aeiaa?eoaeueiinoe e eiioeaeaioeeaeueiinoe, eae a i?ioeanna i?iaaaeaiey
i?iaa?ee, oae e iinea auaea/e caeeth/aiey ii aa ?acoeueoaoai.

Iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi aoaeeoi?neay aeayoaeueiinoue eae oaeiaay
ii?iaeaeaia ?uii/iie yeiiiieeie e yaeyaony ninoaaiie /anoueth iaoaiecia
yoie yeiiiieee.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy a yeiiiie/anee ?acaeouo no?aiao aoaeeoi?neea
i?aaiecaoeee inouanoaeytho naith aeayoaeueiinoue a oneiaeyo aeanoeie
eiieo?aioeee, cia/eoaeueiie ianuuaiiinoe ?uiea ieacuaaaiuo oneoa,
iinoiyiii ?anoe?yy eo anni?oeiaio e ia?aueaay iauaiu. Yoi iicaieyao
oaea?aeaoueny ia “ieaao” e iieo/aoue aeinoaoi/ii aunieea i?eauee.

A ie?iaie i?aeoeea aoaeeoi?neee eiio?ieue iiae?acaeaeyaony ia aioo?aiiee
e aiaoiee.

Aioo?aiiee aoaeeo ii ?yaeo i?eciaeia aiieia iiaeii iacaaoue
aioo?eoicyenoaaiiui aoaeeoii, yaeythueiny ninoaaiie /anoueth
aioo?eaaaeiinoaaiiiai eiio?iey. N ae?oaie noi?iiu, aioo?aiiee aoaeeo
eiaao iiiai iauaai n aiaoiei aoaeeoii ii niaea?aeaieth e iaoiaeai
i?iaaaeaiey, e a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a yaeyaony eioi?iaoeeiiiie aacie aeey
aoaeeoa aiaoiaai, auiieiyaiiai iacaaeneiuie aoaeeoi?neeie oe?iaie e
aoaeeoi?aie, ?aaioathueie naiinoiyoaeueii.

I?e aeieaeiie i?aaiecaoeee aioo?aiiaai aoaeeoa ia i?aaei?eyoee
nouanoaaiii nie?auathony iauai e niaea?aeaiea aiaoiaai aoaeeoa,
i?iaiaeeiiai a i?aaeoniio?aiiuo aeaenoaothuei ii?yaeeii neo/ayo.

Aianoa n oai iaaeaeo aioo?aiiei e aiaoiei aoaeeoii eiathony nouanoaaiiua
?acee/ey. Yoi i?aaeaea anaai ?acee/ey a o?iaiyo iacaaeneiinoe. I?aaiu
aioo?aiiaai aoaeeoa i?aaiecothony ia naieo i?aaei?eyoeyo, iiae/eiythony
aai ?oeiaiaenoao e iaoiaeyony iieiinoueth ia eo niaea?aeaiee. A nayce n
yoei iacaaeneiay aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaiia aioo?aiiaai aoaeeoa aiciiaeia,
eae i?aaeei, oieueei a ioiioaiee no?oeoo?iuo iiae?acaeaeaiee
i?aaei?eyoey, aeayoaeueiinoue eioi?uo iiaeaa?aaaony i?iaa?ea.

*oi eanaaony i?aaiia aiaoiaai aoaeeoa, oi iie iieiinoueth eae
iaoa?eaeueii, oae e i?aaiecaoeeiiii iacaaeneiu io aoaee?oaiiai
i?aaei?eyoey e inouanoaeytho naith aeayoaeueiinoue ia aeiaiai?iie
iniiaa.

I/aiue aaaeii, /oiau aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaiia (a?oii) aioo?aiiaai aoaeeoa
ia i?aaei?eyoee auea /aoei ?aaeaiaioe?iaaia niioaaonoaothuei
Iieiaeaieai, i?aaeoniao?eaathuei eo i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe, a oaeaea
aa?aioee ?oeiaiaenoaa i?aaei?eyoee ii iaania/aieth eo yooaeoeaiie
?aaiou.

I?aeoeea iieacuaaao oeaeaniia?aciinoue nie?auaiey /eneaiiinoe
iinoiyiiiai ninoaaa nio?oaeieeia i?aaiia aioo?aiiaai aoaeeoa e
i?eaea/aiey a iaiaoiaeeiuo neo/ayo (iai?eia?, i?e aieaa aeoaieeo
aiaieaiiauo ?aaeceyo) niaoeeaeenoia ni noi?iiu, /oi aeieaeii ca?aiaa
auoue iaiai?aii.

Nouanoaaiiua ?acee/ey iaaeaeo aioo?aiiei e aiaoiei aoaeeoii auoaeatho
oaeaea ec eo iniiaiuo caaea/ e ec a?aiaie auiieiaiey ?aaiou.

Anee iniiaiie caaea/ae aioo?aiiaai aoaeeoa yaeyaony iiaeaioiaea
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia i oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneii ninoiyiee aeaiiiai
i?aaei?eyoey aeey ?oeiaiaenoaa, oi aeaaiay caaea/a aiaoiaai aoaeeoa —
iiaeaioiaea niioaaonoaothuaai caeeth/aiey aeey aiaoieo caeioa?aniaaiiuo
iieueciaaoaeae — aeoeeiia?ia, eiaanoi?ia, iaeiaiaie neoaeau, aaieia,
ia?oia?ia, i?aaiia aeanoe e o.ae.

Aioo?aiiee aoaeeo, yaeyynue ninoaaiie /anoueth aioo?eoicyenoaaiiiai
eiio?iey ia i?aaei?eyoee, inouanoaeyaony iai?a?uaii, aiaoiee aoaeeo
i?iaiaeeoueny ia?eiaee/anee, eae i?aaeei, iaeei ?ac a aiae.

A iaaeaeoia?iaeiie i?aeoeea aoaeeo iiae?acaeaeyaony ia iaycaoaeueiue e
aeia?iaieueiue. Iiaeiaiiai ?iaea aeaeaiea iaiaoeeinue e a ?innee.

Niaeanii A?aiaiiui i?aaeeai aoaeeoi?neea i?iaa?ee iiaoo auoue
iaycaoaeueiuie e eieoeeaoeaiuie.

Iaycaoaeueiua i?iaa?ee yeiiiie/aneeo noauaeoia i?iaiaeyony a neo/ayo,
i?yii onoaiiaeaiiuo aeoaie caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ?O, a oaeaea ii ii?o/aieth
i?aaiia aeiciaiey e neaaeiaaoaeae i?e iaee/ee naieoeee i?ieo?i?a, noaea
e (eee) a?aeo?aaeiiai noaea, aeaiiiio a niioaaonoaee n i?ioeannoaeueiui
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?O aoaeeoi?o (aoaeeoi?neie oe?ia). Ai eniieiaiea
oiiiyioouo auoa Oeacia I?aceaeaioa ?O io 22 aeaeaa?y

1993 a. ? 2263 e io 24 aeaeaa?y 1994 a. ? 1355 ooaa?aeaeaiu “Iniiaiua
e?eoa?ee (nenoaia iieacaoaeae) aeayoaeueiinoe yeiiiie/aneeo noauaeoia,
ii eioi?ui eo aooaaeoa?neay (oeiainiaay) io/aoiinoue iiaeeaaeeo
iaycaoaeueiie aaeaaiaeiie aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ea”. Aeaiiui Iinoaiiaeaieai
I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O oaeaea ii?aaeaeaii iiiyoea “yeiiiie/aneee noauaeo”,
onoaiiaeaiu n?iee aaaaeaiey iaycaoaeueiiai aoaeeoa aeey a?oii
yeiiiie/aneeo noauaeoia (ia/eiay n io/aoa ca

1994 a. eee ca 1995 a.), aeaiu niioaaonoaothuea ii?o/aiey Ieienoa?noao
oeiainia ?O e Eiiennee ii aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe i?e I?aceaeaioa
?O.

Niaeanii oeacaiiui iniiaiui e?eoa?eyi aeayoaeueiinoe iiaeeaaeao
iaycaoaeueiie aaeaaiaeiie i?iaa?ea neaaeothuea a?oiiu yeiiiie/aneeo
noauaeoia:

a) Ii i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaie oi?ia: aeoeeiia?iua iauanoaa ioe?uoiai
oeia, i?e iaee/ee ia eiiaoe io/aoiiai aiaea nauoa 100 o/anoieeia
(aeoeeiia?ia) — ia/eiay n io/aoa ca 1994 a.;

a) Ii aeaeo aeayoaeueiinoe:

– aaiee e ae?oaea e?aaeeoiua o/?aaeaeaiey;

– no?aoiaua i?aaiecaoeee e iauanoaa acaeiiiai no?aoiaaiey;

– oiaa?iua e oiiaeiaua ae?aee;

– eiaanoeoeeiiiua einoeooou (eiaanoeoeeiiiua e /aeiaua eiaanoeoeeiiiua
oiiaeu, oieaeeiaiaua eiiiaiee);

– aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu, enoi/ieeaie ia?aciaaiey n?aaenoa eioi?uo
yaeythony i?aaeoniio?aiiua caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?O iaycaoaeueiua
io/eneaiey, i?iecaiaeeiua th?eaee/aneeie e oece/aneeie eeoeaie;

– aeaaioai?eoaeueiua e eiua (iaeiaanoeoeeiiiua) oiiaeu, enoi/ieeaie
ia?aciaaiey n?aaenoa eioi?uo yaeythony aeia?iaieueiua io/eneaiey
th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe;

– ae?oaea yeiiiie/aneea noauaeou, iaycaoaeueiay aaeaaiaeiay aoaeeoi?neay
i?iaa?ea eioi?uo ii aeaeo eo aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaeoniio?aia
Oaaea?aeueiuie Caeiiaie, Oeacaie I?aceaeaioa ?O e Iinoaiiaeaieyie
I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O.

Iaycaoaeueiay aoaeeoi?neay i?iaa?ea ia?a/eneaiiuo yeiiiie/aneeo
noauaeoia aaaaeaia ia/eiay n io/aoa ca 1994 a.

a) Ii enoi/ieeai oi?ie?iaaiey onoaaiiai eaieoaea (onoaaiiai oiiaea) —
yeiiiie/aneea noauaeou, a /ueai onoaaiii eaieoaea (onoaaiii oiiaea)
eiaaony aeiey, i?eiaaeeaaeauay eiino?aiiui eiaanoi?ai.

Iaycaoaeueiay aoaeeoi?neay i?iaa?ea aaaaeaia ia/eiay n io/aoa ca 1994 a.

a) Ii oeiainiaui iieacaoaeyi aeayoaeueiinoe — yeiiiie/aneea noauaeou (ca
eneeth/aieai iaoiaeyueony iieiinoueth a ainoaea?noaaiiie eee
ioieoeeiaeueiie nianoaaiiinoe) i?e iaee/ee oioy au iaeiiai ec
neaaeothueo oeiainiauo iieacaoaeae eo aeayoaeueiinoe:

– iauaia au?o/ee io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee (?aaio, oneoa) ca aiae,
i?aauoathuaai a 500 000 ?ac onoaiiaeaiiue caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?O
ieieiaeueiue iany/iue ?acia? iieaou o?oaea (a n?aaeiaaiaeiaii en/eneaiee
ca io/aoiue aiae);

– noiiu aeoeaia aaeaina, i?aauoathuae ia eiiaoe io/aoiiai aiaea a 200
000 ?ac onoaiiaeaiiue caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?O ieieiaeueiue iany/iue
?acia? iieaou o?oaea (a n?aaeiaaiaeiaii en/eneaiee ca io/aoiue aiae).
Iaycaoaeueiay aoaeeoi?neay i?iaa?ea aaiaeeony ia/eiay n io/aoa ca 1995
a. “A?aiaiiuie i?aaeeaie” i?aaeoniio?aiu cia/eoaeueiua oo?aou ca
oeeiiaiea yeiiiie/aneeo noauaeoia io i?iaaaeaiey iaycaoaeueiuo
aoaeeoi?neeo i?iaa?ie, eeai i?aiyonoaiaaiea eo i?iaaaeaieth,
acuneeaaaiua onoaiiaeaiiui ii?yaeeii a aeioiae athaeaeaoa ?O (a noiia
aei 500-e?aoiiai ?acia?a onoaiiaeaiiie Caeiiii ieieiaeueiie iieaou
o?oaea — n yeiiiie/aneiai noauaeoa e aei 100-e?aoiiai — n
?oeiaiaeeoaeae).

Eieoeeaoeaiua i?iaa?ee i?iaiaeyony ii ?aoaieth naieo yeiiiie/aneeo
noauaeoia.

Oae, anee i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeee (iniaaiii iaeua oe?iu), ni/ooo
oeaeaniia?aciui iieo/eoue aieaa iauaeoeaioth e aani?eno?anoioth ioeaieo
naiaai oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneiai iieiaeaiey, oi n yoie oeaeueth iiaoo
ia?aoeoueny a aoaeeoi?neoth oe?io.

Iiaeii i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi ii ia?a ?acaeoey ?uii/iie yeiiiieee,
oneeaiey eiieo?aioeee e oneiaeiaiey ia?oia?neeo naycae i?aeoeea
eieoeeaoeaiuo i?iaa?ie nouanoaaiii ?anoe?eony. Oicyenoaothuei noauaeoai
aoaeao yeiiiie/anee auaiaeii iiaeaa?aiooueny aoaeeoo, iaaeaee iioa?youe
auaiaeiua ia?oia?neea nayce e naeaeee.

?aoaieth caaea/e iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe aoaeeoi?neeo i?iaa?ie a
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee aoaeao niinianoaiaaoue aeaeueiaeoaa ianuuaiea
?uiea aoaeeoi?aie e aoaeeoi?neeie i?aaiecaoeeyie, /enei eioi?uo iiea aua
iaaaeeei, /oi i?aeoe/anee eneeth/aao eiieo?aioioth ai?ueao iaaeaeo ieie
e iiyoiio ia iaania/eaaao aeieaeiiai ea/anoaa ?aaiou.

3.2 I?iaa?ea i?aaeeueiinoe athaeaeaoiuo e aiaathaeaeaoiuo ieaoaaeae
i?aaei?eyoey

Eae ecaanoii, a ianoiyuaa a?aiy iaeiaiaay iieeoeea a ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee e?aeia ianiaa?oaiia e a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a niinianoaoao
eneonnoaaiiiio aaie?ionoao i?aaei?eyoee, ecuyoeth o ieo i?aeoe/anee
aieueoae /anoe i?eauee, iieo/aiiie io oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Aicieeiiaaiea iaieaoaaeaniiniaiuo i?aaei?eyoee a naith i/a?aaeue noaeaao
iaeiaiaoth aaco anae yeiiiieee e, ii nouanoao, n?uaaao auiieiaiea
iaia/aiiuo ?aoi?i, i?eaiaeeo e oaaee/aieth nioeeaeueiie iai?yaeaiiinoe.

A aeaiiie ianoaiiaea aaaeiaeoae caaea/ae aoaeeoi?ia yaeyaony ieacaiea
iiiiue i?aaei?eyoeth iooai ouaoaeueiie i?iaa?ee iainiiaaiiinoe aceiaaiuo
noii iaeiaia, ?acuyniaiee e eiinoeueoaoeee ii aeaenoaothuaio
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao e i?aaeioa?auaieth aa?iyoiuo ia?aieao e oo?aoia.
Aaconeiaii, aoaeeoi?u ia aeieaeiu noaaeoue naiae caaea/ae iiiiuue
i?aaei?eyoeyi a iacaeiiiii nie?uoee iaeiaia, iaeiaei iie iiiaia iiaoo
naeaeaoue aeey ia?aaeaeaiey i?aaei?eyoee io iaiainiiaaiiuo, a ii?ie
i?aaeiaia?aiii caauoaiiuo o?aaiaaiee oeneaeueiuo i?aaiia ii noiiai,
iiaeeaaeauei acuneaieth n ieo iaeiaia. E niaeaeaieth, iaeiaiaay neoaeaa
yeiiiie/anee caeioa?aniaaia a caauoaiee acuneeaaaiuo noii, iineieueeo io
yoiai, eae ie no?aiii, caaeneo ca?aaioiay ieaoa aa ?aaioieeia, a oaeaea,
o/eouaay oaeoi? eioeyoeee, a aein?i/iii iieo/aiee iaeiaia.

I?e i?iaa?ea ieaoaaeae ai aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu aoaeeoi? i?aaeaea anaai
ooi/iyao aaco iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey aeey ii?aaeaeaiey ieaoaaeae,
ia?a/eneyaiuo ai aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu (n/. 69): ii nioeeaeueiiio
no?aoiaaieth, iaineiiiiio iaania/aieth, iaaeeoeeineiio no?aoiaaieth, ii
oiiaeo caiyoinoe.

Aeey i?iaa?ee i?aaeeueiinoe oi?ie?iaaiey aacu iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey aoaeeoi?
?oeiaiaenoaoaony Eino?oeoeeae Aineiinoaoa ?O (? 89 io 10.07.95 “I
ninoaaa oiiaea ca?aaioiie ieaou e auieao nioeeaeueiiai oa?aeoa?a” e
eino?oeoeeyie niioaaonoaothueo aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaeia.

Aoaeeoi?neay i?iaa?ea caeai/eaaaony ioi?ieaieai aeaoo eoiaiauo
aeieoiaioia — aeoa aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa e
aeinoiaa?iinoe io/aoiinoe e aoaeeoi?neiai caeeth/aiey.

A aeoa aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee n aeinoaoi/iie iiae?iaiinoueth e
aeieacaoaeueiinoueth, iaeiaei aac aeeth/aiey iaeinouanoaaiiuo aeaoaeae,
aoaeeoi?u niiauatho eeeaioo i i?iaeaeaiiie ?aaioa, i aa iniiaiuo
iai?aaeaieyo e i oii, eaeea ec yoeo iai?aaeaiee iiaeaa?aioou nieioiie
i?iaa?ea, a eaeea — auai?i/iie. Iinea yoiai oeacuaathony auyaeaiiua
iaaeinoaoee a iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe, niioaaonoaothuae eo cia/eiinoe. I?e
yoii a aeoa ia?yaeo n ioia/aiiuie iaaeinoaoeaie aeieaeiu auoue eceiaeaiu
eiie?aoiua ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii eo eni?aaeaieth e iaaeiiouaieth a aoaeouai.
Aianoa n oai aoaeeoi?u ia aeieaeiu naie aeaeaoue oaeea eni?aaeaiey (o.a.
auiieiyoue ?aaioo ia?niiaea aooaaeoa?ee).

Aeo aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee yaeyaony no?iai eiioeaeaioeeaeueiui
aeieoiaioii, n niaea?aeaieai eioi?iai aoaeeoi?u ia ai?aaa aac niaeaney
ia yoi eeeaioa ciaeiieoue o?aoueeo eeoe, ca eneeth/aieai neo/aaa,
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo aeaenoaothuei caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii (auyaeaiea oeuaiee,
iioaiie/anoaa e ae?oaeo iniauo neo/aaa). A nayce n yoei aeo aoaeeoi?neie
i?iaa?ee ninoaaeyaony a aeaoo yecaiiey?ao, iaeei ec eioi?uo ia?aaeaaony
aoaeeoi?aie ee/ii aeaaiiio aooaaeoa?o i?aaei?eyoey eee eeoeo, aai
caiauathuaio, a aoi?ie yecaiiey? inoaaony a aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeee,
i?iaiaeeaoae i?iaa?eo, aeey iineaaeothuaai eiio?iey ca ono?aiaieai
auyaeaiiuo iaaeinoaoeia.

Auyaeaiiua iaaeinoaoee aeieaeiu auoue ioia/aiu a ei??aeoiie oi?ia,
iniaaiii — caia/aiey a aae?an ioaeaeueiuo eniieieoaeae aooaaeoa?ee;
Aianoa n oai, anee o aoaeeoi?ia neiaeeeinue oaa?aeia iiaiea i
iai?eaiaeiinoe oiai eee, eiiai eniieieoaey, /oi iaiineo nouanoaaiiue
oua?a eioa?anai eeeaioa, oi ia yoii aoaeeoi? aeieaeai niiaueoue
?oeiaiaenoao i?aaei?eyoey (onoii eee a aeoa). Iinea iiaeaioiaee i?iaeoa
aeoa aoaeeoi?u ciaeiiyo n aai niaea?aeaieai ?oeiaiaenoai i?aaei?eyoey,
?anniao?eaatho auneacaiiua i?e yoii aic?aaeaiey e caia/aiey, aiinyo a
aeo (i?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe) niioaaonoaothuea ei??aeoeau e iiaeienuaatho
aai.

Aoaeeoi?neia caeeth/aiea — ioeoeeaeueiue aeieoiaio, aeathuee ioeaieo
aeinoiaa?iinoe aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa e io/aoiinoe aoaee?oaiiai
i?aaei?eyoey, iiaeoaa?aeaeaiiue iiaeienueth eiathuaai eeoeaiceth
?oeiaiaeeoaey i?iaa?ythuae a?oiiu aoaeeoi?neie oe?iu e ia/aoueth yoie
oe?iu. A neo/aa, anee i?iaa?ea inouanoaeyeanue naiinoiyoaeueiui
iacaaeneiui aoaeeoi?ii, eiathuei eeoeaiceth, oi iiaeoaa?aeaeaiea
caeeth/aiey i?iecaiaeeony aai iiaeienueth e ee/iie ia/aoueth.

A ca?oaaaeiie i?aeoeea i?eiaiythony /aou?a aeaea aoaeeoi?neeo
caeeth/aiee:

– caeeth/aiea aac caia/aiee (aaciaiai?i/iia caeeth/aiea);

– caeeth/aiea n caia/aieyie (caeeth/aiea n iaiai?eaie);

– io?eoeaoaeueiia caeeth/aiea;

– caeeth/aiea ia aeaaony nianai, eeai aeaaony ioeaciia caeeth/aiea.

Ia?aue aeae caeeth/aiey aoaeeoi?aie aeaaony a oii neo/aa, anee ia auei
iaia?oaeaii ioeaie e iaaeinoaoeia a io/aoiinoe, a oeiainiaia iieiaeaiea
i?aaei?eyoey onoie/eai e, ii iiaieth aoaeeoi?ia, ia aucuaaao eaeeo-eeai
iianaiee. ?aaeueii ee oaeia iieiaeaiea, eiaaea eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiua
aoaeeoi?u, ?anniio?aa cia/eoaeueiia eiee/anoai ia?ae/iuo e naiaeiuo
aooaaeoa?neeo aeieoiaioia, ia niiaee iaeoe ie iaeiie ioeaee eee
eaeiai-eeai ae?oaiai iaaeinoaoea? Ii iaoaio iiaieth, oaeia iieiaeaiea
iaeiaa?iyoii. Aieaa aa?iyoiu neaaeothuea aeaa aa?eaioa:

– ioeaee aoaeeoi?aie iaeaeaiu, ii ii naiei i?e/eiai aicieeiiaaiey iie ia
yaeythony ?acoeueoaoii iioaiie/anoaa eee oaeueneoeeaoeee, a ii noiia?iie
aaee/eia ia i?eaiaeyo e nouanoaaiiui iia?aoiinoyi a o/aoa. Aiineoue
niioaaonoaothuea eni?aaeaiey iaoeaeaniia?acii. Aoaeeoi?aie i?eieiaaony
?aoaiea niiaueoue ia iaia?oaeaiiuo ioeaeao aooaaeoa?neie neoaeaa a
onoiii ii?yaeea;

– aoaeeoi?neay i?iaa?ea i?iecaaaeaia iaaeinoaoi/ii i?ioanneiiaeueii eee
iaaeia?iniaanoii. E niaeaeaieth, ia eneeth/aiu e oaeea neo/ae, eae
auaea/a iieiaeeoaeueiuo caeeth/aiee i?aeoe/anee aac i?iaa?ee
aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa e io/aoiinoe, i?e/ai aeaeaaony yoi ii acaeiiie
aeiaiai?aiiinoe iaaeaeo aoaeeoi?ii e eeeaioii ca niioaaonoaothuoth,
?acoiaaony, ieaoo. Enoiaey ec ie?iaiai iiuoa iiaeii i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi
iiaeiaiay i?aeoeea ii ia?a ?acaeoey aoaeeoa a ?innee aoaeao, ianiiiaiii,
ono?aiaia.

Caeeth/aiea n caia/aieyie aeaeaaony i?e auyaeaiee aoaeeoi?aie
ioaeaeueiuo eaaei ono?aieiuo iaaeinoaoeia, a oeaeii ia iaiythueo
iieiaeeoaeueiie ioeaiee ninoiyiey aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa e io/aoiinoe.

Ii anai auyaeaiiui iaaeinoaoeai aoaeeoi?u iaycaiu aeaoue naie
?aeiiaiaeaoeee e i?ieiio?iee?iaaoue eo auiieiaiea.

Io?eoeaoaeueiia caeeth/aiea aeaaony a neo/aa auyaeaiey na?ueaciuo
ia?ooaiee e caiouaiiinoe aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa e io/aoiinoe (a oii /enea
e oaeueneoeeaoeee), a nayce n /ai aooaaeoa?neay aeieoiaioaoeey
eaaeeoeoee?oaony eae iaaeinoiaa?iay. I?e yoii a iainiiaaiea naiaai
auaiaea aoaeeoi?u i?eaiaeyo iaeaieaa aaaeiua e oa?aeoa?iua i?eia?u.
Iieo/aiea i?aaei?eyoeai io?eoeaoaeueiiai caeeth/aiey auioaeaeaao aai
i?iecaanoe iniiaaoaeueioth i?aaiecaoeeiiioth e iaoiaee/aneoth ?aaioo ii
oeo/oaieth aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa e ainnoaiiaeaieth aeaeiaie ?aiooaoeee. A
yoie ?aaioa iiaoo iiii/ue e eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiua aoaeeoi?u, iaeiaei ii
ioaeaeueiiio aeiaiai?o.

Ii caaa?oaiee i?iaaaeaiiie ?aaiou i?aaei?eyoea, aa?iyoii, aoaeao
auioaeaeaii i?ieoe /a?ac iiaoth aoaeeoi?neoth i?iaa?eo e iieo/eoue
iieiaeeoaeueiia caeeth/aiea.

E, iaeiiaoe, iineaaeiee, /aoaa?oue aa?eaio caaa?oaiey aoaeeoi?neie
i?iaa?ee, eiaaea i?aaei?eyoeth aiiaua ia aeaaony caeeth/aiea, eeai
aeaaony oae iacuaaaiia ioeaciia caeeth/aiea.

Oaeie aa?eaio aiciiaeai, anee aoaeeoi?ai ia i?aaeuyaeythony ana
iaoa?eaeu, iaiaoiaeeiua aeey ioeaiee ninoiyiey aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa e
io/aoiinoe. A ?acoeueoaoa aoaeeoi?u auioaeaeaiu i?ae?aoeoue i?iaa?eo,
ioeoeeaeueii oaaaeiiea ia yoii i?aaei?eyoea e naith auoanoiyuoth
i?aaiecaoeeth.

A ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ia i?aeoeea ia?aaeei i?eiaiythony oieueei
iieiaeeoaeueiua caeeth/aiey aac iaiai?ie, eeai caeeth/aiea aiiaua ia
aeaaony. Yoi aucaaii aiyciueth i?aaei?eyoee ec-ca aiciiaeiuo naieoeee ni
noi?iiu iaeiaiaie neoaeau e iioa?e a nayce n yoei aeaeiauo eiioaeoia
iieo/eoue aeaaea iieiaeeoaeueiia caeeth/aiea n iaiai?eaie, ia aiai?y
oaea ia io?eoeaoaeueiii caeeth/aiee. Aeey i?aaei?eyoee a yoii neo/aa
auaiaeiaa aiiaua ia iieo/aoue caeeth/aiea, o.a. “caii?iceoue” i?iaa?eo e
aueoe ec nicaeaaoaainy iieiaeaiey, ia i?eaeaeay eceeoiaai aieiaiey.
Aaconeiaii, oaeia iieiaeaiea aiai?eo i iaaeinoaoi/ii io?aaioaiiie
nenoaia aoaeeoa a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, iaiaania/aiiinoe aa
iaiaoiaeeiuie ii?iaie e noaiaea?oaie.

I?e i?iaaaeaiea aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee ia i?aaei?eyoea AIIO
“I?aiao?aaei?no?ie” NO-829 ca 1998 a. auei auyaeaii ?yae ia?ooaiee,
eioi?ua auee io?aaeaiu a aoaeeoi?neii caeeth/aiea (i?eeiaeaiea O)

3.3 Nia?aiaiiia ninoiyiea aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe a ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee

Eae oaea oiiieiaeinue, aoaeeoi?neay neoaeaa a ?innee iaoiaeeony a
ia/aeueiii ia?eiaea ?acaeoey. Naiay ia?aay aoaeeoi?neay oe?ia a iaoae
no?aia — aeoeeiia?iia iauanoai “Eiaoaeeo” — auea nicaeaia a 1987 a. a
niioaaonoaee n iinoaiiaeaieai Niaaoa Ieieno?ia NNN?.

Nicaeaiea oeacaiiie oe?iu, ?aaii eae e iiiaeo ae?oaeo aoaeeoi?neeo oe?i,
naycaii n ia?aciaaieai niaianoiuo i?aaei?eyoee a ?acee/iuo io?aneyo
ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa (i?iiuoeaiiinoe, no?ieoaeuenoaa, oi?aiaea, iaoea e
o.ae.). Eiino?aiiua eiaanoi?u auee caeioa?aniaaiu a nio?aiiinoe e
auaiaeiinoe naieo aeiaeaiee, a neaaeiaaoaeueii, e a iauaeoeaiie
eioi?iaoeee i oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneii iieiaeaiee niaianoiuo
i?aaei?eyoee. Ia aeiaa?yy nenoaia eiio?iey oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoee e i?aaiecaoeee, neiaeeaoaeny a auaoai
Niaaoneii Nithca e oi?ie?othuaeny a iineaaeiea aiaeu a ?innee,
eiino?aiiua eiaanoi?u ieacaee caiaoiia aeeyiea ia aicieeiiaaiea e
aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea a iaoae no?aia aoaeeoi?noaa, nouanoaothuaai a
yeiiiie/anee ?acaeouo no?aiao nauoa iieooi?a noieaoee e caneoaeeaoaai
aeiaa?ea i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneeo e?oaia yoeo no?ai.

Aneaae ca aeoeeiia?iui iauanoaii “Eiaoaeeo” aeey i?iaa?ee i?aaei?eyoee n
eiino?aiiui o/anoeai aicieeaao ?yae aoaeeoi?neeo oe?i a oii /enea
“Iin-aoaeeo”, aoaeeoi?neia aaaionoai “E?aoae”, aeoeeiia?iia iauanoai
“Ynnenoaio”, niaianoiia i?aaei?eyoea “Ae?O Eiaoaeeo” e ae?.

Iiyaeythony aoaeeoi?neea oe?iu, niaoeeaeece?othueany ia i?iaa?ea
i?aeiouanoaaiii ?inneeneeo i?aaei?eyoee. Iai?eia?, eiiiaiey “?onneia
iaoeeiiaeueiia oiaa?euanoai”, eioi?ay ia/aea naith aeayoaeueiinoue n
aaaonoa 1992 a.

A niioaaonoaee n aeaenoaothuei a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii aoaeeoi?neea oe?iu iiaoo eiaoue ethaoth
i?aaiecaoeeiiioth oi?io, e?iia aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa ioe?uoiai oeia.
Ainoaea?noaaiiay ?aaeno?aoeey aoaeeoi?neeo oe?i inouanoaeyaony ii ianoo
eo o/?aaeaeaiey i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe.

Anee aoaeeoi?neay oe?ia i?aaiecoaony eae niaianoiia i?aaei?eyoea, oi aa
?aaeno?aoeey aeieaeia inouanoaeyoueny a niioaaonoaee n Caeiiii ?NON? io
4 ethey 1991 a. ? 1545 “Ia eiino?aiiuo eiaanoeoeeyo a ?NON?”.

Ianiio?y ia auno?ue, iniaaiii a iineaaeiea aeaa aiaea, ?ino eiee/anoaa
aoaeeoi?neeo oe?i a ?innee, ?acaeoea aoaeeoi?neiai aeaea a iaoae no?aia
nouanoaaiii caaea?aeaeinue ec-ca ionoonoaey aeieaeiie i?aaiaie aacu.

Oaeay aaca, a ii?aaeaeaiiie ia?a, aia?aua auea nicaeaia eeoue a eiioea
1993 a., eiaaea Oeacii I?aceaeaioa ?O “Ia aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe a
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee” io 22 aeaeaa?y 1993 a. ? 2263 auee ooaa?aeaeaiu
e aaaaeaiu a aeaenoaea “A?aiaiiua i?aaeea aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe a
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”.

Niaeanii Oeaco, a oeaeyo i?aaiecaoeee ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey
aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe a ?O auea ia?aciaaia Eiienney ii
aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe i?e I?aceaeaioa ?O. Iieiaeaiea n1a yoie
Eiiennee ooaa?aeaeaii ?anii?yaeaieai I?aceaeaioa ?O io 4 oaa?aey 1994 a.
? 54-?I. Aeaiiui Iieiaeaieai ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey
aeayoaeueiinoe Eiiennee e aa ninoaa, iieiiii/ey Eiiennee e aa /eaiia,
ii?yaeie i?iaaaeaiey canaaeaiee e aii?inu. Niaeanii Iieiaeaieth Eiienney
naiei ?aoaieai io 25 oaa?aey 1994 a. ia?aciaaea eiinoeueoaoeeiiiue niaao
i?e yoie Eiiennee a ninoaaa 28 /aeiaae.

Eiienney aeieaeia auea ?ac?aaioaoue e ii niaeaniaaieth n Aa?oiaiui
Noaeii ?O, Aunoei A?aeo?aaeiui Noaeii ?O e Aaia?aeueiie i?ieo?aoo?ie ?O
i?aaenoaaeoue aei 1 ieoya?y 1994 a. I?aceaeaioo ?O aeey aianaiey ia
?anniio?aiea Oaaea?aeueiiai nia?aiey ?O i?iaeo Caeiia ?O, ?aaoee?othuaai
aoaeeoi?neoth aeayoaeueiinoue, a oaeaea i?iaeo Caeiia ?O i aianaiee
niioaaonoaothueo eciaiaiee e aeiiieiaiee a Oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiue
eiaeaen ?NON?, A?aaeaeaineee i?ioeannoaeueiue eiaeaen ?NON? e
A?aeo?aaeiue i?ioeannoaeueiue eiaeaen ?O’. E ianoiyuaio a?aiaie ai
eniieiaiea Oeaca I?aceaeaioa ?O I?aaeoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
ecaeaii Iinoaiiaeaiea io 6 iay 1994 a. ?482 “Ia ooaa?aeaeaiee
ii?iaoeaiuo aeieoiaioia ii ?aaoee?iaaieth aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe a
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”.

Yoei Iinoaiiaeaieai ooaa?aeaeaiu (a aeaea ioaeaeueiuo i?eeiaeaiee)
“Ii?yaeie i?iaaaeaiey aooanoaoeee ia i?aai inouanoaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe” e “Ii?yaeie auaea/e eeoeaicee ia inouanoaeaiea
aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe”. Onoaiiaeaiu oaeaea ?acia? ieaou ca
i?iaaaeaiea aooanoaoeee ia i?aai inouanoaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe e nai? ca auaea/o eeoeaicee ia inouanoaeaiea aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe. E?iia oiai, ?aoaiu iaeioi?ua ae?oaea
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaua aii?inu, a oii /enea ii?aaeaeaiu i?aaiu,
ioaaonoaaiiua ca aooanoaoeeth aoaeeoi?ia e eeoeaice?iaaiea aoaeeoi?ia e
aoaeeoi?neeo oe?i.

Ec ae?oaeo, aieaa iicaeieo, ?oeiaiaeyueo aeieoiaioia ii ?aaoee?iaaieth
aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe iaiaoiaeeii oeacaoue neaaeothuea:

– Oeac I?aceaeaioa ?O io 24 ieoya?y 1994 a. ? 2004 “Ia ooi/iaiee n?ieia
i?iaaaeaiey ia?ii?eyoee ii ?aaoee?iaaieth aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe a
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”.

Yoei Oeacii I?aaeoaeuenoao ?O i?aaeinoaaeaii i?aai ooi/iaiey ii
i?aaenoaaeaieth eiiennee ii aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe i?e I?aceaeaioa
?O n?ieia inouanoaeaiey ia?ii?eyoee ii ?aaoee?iaaieth aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe a ?O, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo Oeacii I?aceaeaioa ?O io 22
aeaeaa?y 1993 a. ? 2263 (ni. niioaaonoaothuea niinee). Ooaa?aeaeaiea
aeaiiiai Oeaca I?aceaeaioii ?O, aaconeiaii, aucaaii iaauiieiaieai
onoaiiaeaiiuo n?ieia inouanoaeaiey i?aaeoniio?aiiuo ia?ii?eyoee;

– Iinoaiiaeaiea I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee io 7 aeaeaa?y 1994
a. ? 1355 “Ia iniiaiuo e?eoa?eyo (nenoaia iieacaoaeae) aeayoaeueiinoe
yeiiiie/aneeo noauaeoia, ii eioi?ui eo aooaaeoa?neay (oeiainiaay)
io/aoiinoue iiaeeaaeeo iaycaoaeueiie aaeaaiaeiie aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ea”.

Aoaeeoi?neea i?aaiecaoeee eae noauaeou eiio?iey ?ani?ino?aiytho naith
aeayoaeueiinoue ia ieaoiie aeiaiai?iie iniiaa i?aaeaea anaai ia
i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeee iaainoaea?noaaiiiai naeoi?a yeiiiieee,
eioi?ua ia aoiaeyo a nenoaio eiathueony a no?aia ieienoa?noa e
aaaeiinoa, e eioi?ua ii yoie i?e/eia ia ioaaouaathony aaaeiinoaaiiui
eiio?ieai.

Iniiaiiieaaathuei aii?inii aeey ?acaeoey ?inneeneiai aoaeeoa a ianoiyuaa
a?aiy, aaconeiaii, yaeyaony i?ioiaeaeaiea a Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoia
Oaaea?aeueiiai Nia?aiey ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee i?iaeoa oaaea?aeueiiai
caeiia “Ia aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe”. A niioaaonoaee n ?anii?yaeaieai
I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee io 9.06.99 a. ? 890-? aeaiiue
caeiiii?iaeo aue ioeoeeaeueii aianai a Ainoaea?noaaiioth Aeoio. 5 ai?aey
2000 a. i?iaeo i?eiyo Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiie a ia?aii /oaiee (n
?acoeueoaoaie aieiniaaiey: 358 -ca, 28- i?ioea, 0 – aicaea?aeaeenue), e
a ianoiyuaa a?aiy eaeao iiaeaioiaea e aai ?anniio?aieth ai aoi?ii /oaiee
(a /anoiinoe, 30 iay 2000 a. caaa?oai i?eai iii?aaie e caeiiii?iaeoo).

I?aaiaia iiea aeey i?aaiecaoeee aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe aoaeao ai
iiiaii ii?aaeaeaii aeaiiui caeiiii. ?a/ue eaeao i ianoa e ?iee a yoii
i?ioeanna i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe, iauanoaaiiuo aoaeeoi?neeo
iauaaeeiaiee e ae?oaeo caeioa?aniaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee.

Caeiiii?iaeo “Ia aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe” iiaeaioiaeai ?aai/ae
a?oiiie n o/anoeai i?aaenoaaeoaeae Ieioeia ?innee, i?ioanneiiaeueiuo
aoaeeoi?neeo iauaaeeiaiee, eo ?aaeiiaeueiuo no?oeoo? e i?aeoeeothueo
aoaeeoi?ia, i?aaenoaaeythueo, a /anoiinoe, AI? e NIAI, a niioaaonoaee n
iinoaiiaeaieyie I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee io 6.08.98 a. ?
889 “I Niaeaoaiee iaaeaeo ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeeae e Iaaeaeoia?iaeiui
aaieii ?aeiino?oeoeee e ?acaeoey i o?aoueai caeia aeey oeiaine?iaaiey
I?iaeoa no?oeoo?iie ia?ano?ieee yeiiiieee” e io 19.07.99 a. ? 829 “I
cayaeaiee I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee e Oeaio?aeueiiai aaiea
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ia yeiiiie/aneie iieeoeea a 1999 aiaeo, ienueia
I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee i iieeoeea ?acaeoey aeey oeaeae
o?aoueaai caeia ia no?oeoo?ioth ia?ano?ieeo yeiiiieee e ieaia
ia?ii?eyoee ii eo ?aaeecaoeee”.

Aeieoiaio a aeinoaoi/iie aeey caeiia noaiaie eiioeaiooaeueii i/a?/eaaao
i?aaiaia i?ino?ainoai aoaeeoa e cia/eoaeueii ?anoe?yao aiciiaeiinoe
i?ioanneiiaeueiuo aoaeeoi?neeo iauaaeeiaiee a ?aoaiee ioaeaeueiuo
aii?inia ?aaoee?iaaiey aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe. A i?iaeoa
ii?aaeaeaiu iiiyoey aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe e aoaeeoa,
iaycaoaeueiiai e eieoeeaoeaiiai aoaeeoa, iacaaeneiinoe aoaeeoi?ia;
iaua?inneeneea i?aaeea (noaiaea?ou) aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe; iniiau
eiioeaeaioeeaeueiinoe eioi?iaoeee, iieo/aiiie i?e inouanoaeaiee aoaeeoa;
i?eioeeiu no?aoiaaiey a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaie ioaaonoaaiiinoe; iniiau
eiio?iey ea/anoaa ?aaiou, aooanoaoeee e eeoeaice?iaaiey aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe.

A noaio ?aaoee?iaaiey aaiaeeony Oaaea?aeueiue i?aai ainoaea?noaaiiiai
?aaoee?iaaiey aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe – OIA?AAe. Oaeei ia?acii, a
i?iaeoa ia i?aaeoniio?aii ooieoeeiie?iaaiea Eiiennee ii aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe i?e I?aceaeaioa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee e oeaio?aeueiuo
aooanoaoeeiiii-eeoeaiceiiiuo aoaeeoi?neeo eiiennee Ieioeia ?innee e
Aaiea ?innee. I?aaeoniio?aii nicaeaiea Niaaoa ii aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe i?e OIA?AAea n eiio?ieueiui iaeaoii aieinia ca
i?aeoeeothueie aoaeeoi?aie, eioi?ua oaeei ia?acii niiaoo aeoeaii
o/anoaiaaoue a iiaeaioiaea e i?eiyoee eeth/aauo ?aoaiee.

I?iaeoii aaiaeeony einoeooo aee?aaeeoiaaiiuo i?ioanneiiaeueiuo
aoaeeoi?neeo iauaaeeiaiee, eioi?ua aoaeoo ea?aoue cia/eoaeueioth ?ieue a
aeoeaecaoeee o/anoey i?aeoeeothueo aoaeeoi?ia a i?ioeanna ?aaoee?iaaiey
aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe e aieaa yooaeoeaiiai auiieiaiey eiio?iey ca
ea/anoaii aoaeeoi?neeo oneoa. Caeanue eniieueciaai iieiaeeoaeueiue
ca?oaaaeiue iiuo (a /anoiinoe, oaaaeneee) ai acaeiiioiioaieyo n
i?ioanneiiaeueiuie aoaeeoi?neeie iauaaeeiaieyie. I?e iiaeaioiaea
caeiiii?iaeoa i?iaiaeece?iaaiu iineaaeiea eciaiaiey a
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, /oiau ecaaaeaoue i?ioeai?a/ee a ii?iaoeaiuo aeoao, a
/anoiinoe a nayce n auoiaeii Oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia io 25.09.98 a. ?
158-OC “I eeoeaice?iaaiee ioaeaeueiuo aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe” (a ?aae. io
12.05.2000 a.).

I?e iiaeaioiaea caeiiii?iaeoa ?ac?aaio/eeaie auea i?aaei?eiyoa iiiuoea
oniaa?oainoaiaaoue aeaenoaothuoth nenoaio ?aaoee?iaaiey aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe. Oae, a caeiiii?iaeoa iao iainiaeaiiiai auaeaeaiey
eiie?aoiuo aeaeia aoaeeoa, eae auei cae?aieaii ?aiaa a i. 23 A?aiaiiuo
i?aaee aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee,
ooaa?aeaeaiiuo Oeacii I?aceaeaioa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee io 22.12.93 a.
? 2263 (aeaeaa – A?aiaiiua i?aaeea). Yoi aucaaii a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie
aeaeaieai ?ac?aaio/eeia i?eaeeceoue caeiiii?iaeo e iaaeaeoia?iaeiui
noaiaea?oai.

Oaaea?aeueiue i?aai ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe niaeanii caeiiii?iaeoo aeieaeai auoue ii?aaeaeai
I?aaeoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee.

N o/aoii nia?aiaiiiai i?aaiaiai i?ino?ainoaa ia eneeth/aaony aeoeaiia
o/anoea Aaiea ?innee a yoie ?aaioa, a oii /enea a ?ac?aaioea ii?iaoeaiuo
aeoia, iaoiaee/aneeo iaoa?eaeia, i?e i?iaaaeaiee eiio?iey ea/anoaa
ieacuaaaiuo aoaeeoi?neeo oneoa, a ?aoaiee ae?oaeo aii?inia, aaea iiaeao
auoue eniieueciaai eiathueeny iiuo Aaiea ?innee.

A iaa 2000 a. a Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoia i?ioae ii caeiiii?iaeoo “e?oaeue
noie”, caoai auee iiaeaioiaeaiu iii?aaee (i?aaeeiaeaiey) io ?acee/iuo
a?oii, i?ioanneiiaeueiuo iauaaeeiaiee, i?aaiecaoeee, aaaeiinoa e
i?iaaaeai aiaeec yoeo i?aaeeiaeaiee. A Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoia
noi?ie?iaai Yenia?oiue niaao, aeeth/eaoee a naie ninoaa aieaa 200
/eaiia, i?aeoe/anee a yoe aea aeie ii ia/eiaao ?aaioo, e a?aoee ?aaiou
aoaeao i/aiue ieioiui.

N o/aoii ianoaeaeaiee ca i?ioaaeoee ia?eiae, ia iao acaeyae, a ianoiyuaa
a?aiy a i?iaeo oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia “Ia aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe”
oeaeaniia?acii aianoe ii?aaeaeaiiua eciaiaiey e aeiiieiaiey, a oii /enea
?anoe?eoaeueiiai oa?aeoa?a, n niaethaeaieai eiioeaiooaeueiuo i?eioeeiia.

Iai?eia?, aeiiieieoue caeiiii?iaeo noaoueae 1 “Iniiaiua iiiyoey,
eniieuecoaiua a ianoiyuai Oaaea?aeueiii caeiia”, eceiaeea aa a
neaaeothuai aeaea:

a) Iiiyoey e oa?ieiu a?aaeaeaineiai, oeiainiaiai, athaeaeaoiiai e
ae?oaeo io?aneae caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee,
eniieuecoaiua a ianoiyuai Oaaea?aeueiii caeiia, i?eiaiythony a oii
cia/aiee, a eaeii iie eniieuecothony a yoeo io?aneyo caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa,
anee eiia ia i?aaeoniio?aii ianoiyuei Oaaea?aeueiui caeiiii.

a) Aeey oeaeae ianoiyuaai Oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia eniieuecothony
neaaeothuea iiiyoey:

– aoaeeo – iacaaeneiay i?iaa?ea aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa e aooaaeoa?neie
(oeiainiaie) io/aoiinoe i?aaiecaoeee e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo
i?aaei?eieiaoaeae;

– aoaee?oaiia eeoei – i?aaiecaoeey eeai eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue
i?aaei?eieiaoaeue, eioi?ua caeeth/eee aeiaiai? ia i?iaaaeaiea
aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee n oeaeueth onoaiiaeaiey noaiaie aeinoiaa?iinoe
naiae aooaaeoa?neie io/aoiinoe eee oaeay i?iaa?ea inouanoaeyaony ii
caaeaieth i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo e noaeaaiuo i?aaiia;

– aooaaeoa?neay (oeiainiaay) io/aoiinoue – aaeeiay nenoaia aeaiiuo ia
eiouanoaaiiii e oeiainiaii iieiaeaiee aoaee?oaiiai eeoea e i
?acoeueoaoao aai oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe, ninoaaeyaiay ia iniiaa
aeaiiuo aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa ii onoaiiaeaiiui oi?iai;

– aeinoiaa?iinoue aooaaeoa?neie io/aoiinoe – oaeay noaiaiue oi/iinoe
aeaiiuo aooaaeoa?neie io/aoiinoe aoaee?oaiiai eeoea, eioi?ay iicaieyao
iieueciaaoaeth yoie io/aoiinoe aeaeaoue ia aa iniiaa i?aaeeueiua auaiaeu
ia eiouanoaaiiii e oeiainiaii iieiaeaiee aoaee?oaiiai eeoea e i
?acoeueoaoao aai oicyenoaaiiie

aeayoaeueiinoe, a oaeaea i?eieiaoue iniiaaiiua ia yoeo auaiaeao ?aoaiey;

– iiaiea i aeinoiaa?iinoe aooaaeoa?neie io/aoiinoe – iacaaeneiia iiaiea
aoaeeoi?a, au?aaeathuaa ioeaieo i?aaeeueiinoe ninoaaeaiey aoaee?oaiui
eeoeii aooaaeoa?neie io/aoiinoe ia iniiaa aeaiiuo aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa
ii onoaiiaeaiiui oi?iai e aa niioaaonoaey ai anao nouanoaaiiuo aniaeoao
o?aaiaaieyi caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee i aooaaeoa?neii
o/aoa;

– iieueciaaoaee aooaaeoa?neie (oeiainiaie) io/aoiinoe – ?oeiaiaeeoaee
e/eee o/anoieee aoaee?oaiiai eeoea (aioo?aiiea iieueciaaoaee), a oaeaea
ethaua eiua eeoea (aiaoiea iieueciaaoaee), eiathuea a niioaaonoaee n
caeiiii i?aai ia iieo/aiea eioi?iaoeee ia eiouanoaaiiii e oeiainiaii
iieiaeaiee aoaee?oaiiai eeoea e i ?acoeueoaoao aai oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe;

– ?oeiaiaeeoaeue i?aaiecaoeee – ?oeiaiaeeoaeue eniieieoaeueiiai i?aaia
i?aaiecaoeee eeai eeoei, ioaaonoaaiiia ca aaaeaiea aeae i?aaiecaoeee e
eiathuaa iieiiii/ey ii i?eiyoeth eeth/aauo ?aoaiee;

– eeoei, i?eieiaaoaa o/anoea a i?iaaaeaiee aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee, –
eeoei, iaiin?aaenoaaiii o/anoaiaaaoaa a ninoaaeaiee ?aai/ae e eoiaiaie
aeieoiaioaoeee ii ?acoeueoaoai i?iaaaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee:

– i?aaeea (noaiaea?ou) aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe – aaeeiua o?aaiaaiey
e ii?yaeeo inouanoaeaiey, ioi?ieaiey, ioeaiea aeinoiaa?iinoe
eioi?iaoeee, e ii?yaeeo iiaeaioiaee aoaeeoi?ia eee eaaeeoeeaoeee, a
oaeaea ?aaeaiaioaoeey ieacaiey ioaeaeueiuo niioonoaothueo oneoa e
iiaeaioiaee ?acoeueoaoia aoaeeoi?neie yenia?oecu;

– caaaaeiii eiaeiia aoaeeoi?neia caeeth/aiea – aoaeeoi?neia caeeth/aiea,
ninoaaeaiiia aac i?iaaaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee eeai (eee) oioy e
ninoaaeaiiia ii ?acoeueoaoai oaeie i?iaa?ee, ii yaii i?ioeai?a/auaa
niaea?aeaieth aeieoiaioia, ?anniio?aiiuo aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeeae eee
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui aoaeeoi?ii a oiaea aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee. Caaaaeiii
eiaeiia aoaeeoi?neia caeeth/aiea iiaeao auoue i?eciaii oieueei ii
?aoaieth noaea a niioaaonoaee n Oaieiaiui eiaeaenii ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee;

– iacaeiiiay aoaeeoi?neay aeayoaeueiinoue – aeayoaeueiinoue aoaeeoi?neie
i?aaiecaoeee eee eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai aoaeeoi?a ii i?iaaaeaieth
aoaeeoi?neeo i?iaa?ie e auaea/a aoaeeoi?neeo caeeth/aiee aac iaee/ey
eeoeaicee ia yoio aeae aeayoaeueiinoe eee a neo/aa i?in?i/aiiie yaii ii
aai aeia eeoeaicee (n?ie aeaenoaey eioi?ie enoae aieaa iieoaiaea
iacaae); auaea/a caaaaeiii eiaeiiai aoaeeoi?neiai caeeth/aiey eeai
aeayoaeueiinoue ii eeoeaicee, auaeaiiie eeoeaice?othuei i?aaiii n
ia?ooaieai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa i eeoeaice?iaaiee, anee oiiiyiooia aeayiea
i?e/eieei oua?a aoaee?oaiiio eeoeo eee ainoaea?noao, eeai iii auei
nii?yaeaii n ecaea/aieai aeioiaea a e?oiiii ?acia?a”.

Oeaeaniia?acii, ia iao acaeyae, aieaa ?anoe?eoaeueii aeaoue aeie ii
niioonoaothuei aoaeeoo oneoaai, iiae eioi?uie iiaeao iiieiaoueny
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneay aeayoaeueiinoue aoaeeoi?neeo i?aaiecaoeee e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo aoaeeoi?ia ii:

a) iinoaiiaea, ainnoaiiaeaieth e aaaeaieth aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa, a
oaeaea ninoaaeaieth aooaaeoa?neie io/aoiinoe, aooaaeoa?neiio
eiinoeueoe?iaaieth;

a) iaeiaiaiio eiinoeueoe?iaaieth;

a) aiaeeco oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiecaoeee e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo i?aaei?eieiaoaeae, yeiiiie/aneiio e oeiainiaiio
eiinoeueoe?iaaieth;

a) oi?aaeai/aneiio eiinoeueoe?iaaieth, a oii /enea ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee
i?aaiecaoeee;

ae) ii?aaeaeaieth niaethaeaiey a i?aaiecaoeee i?aaeienaiiuo i?ioeaaeo? e
i?aaee;

a) i?aaiaiio eiinoeueoe?iaaieth;

ae) aaoiiaoecaoeee aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa e aiaae?aieth eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
oaoiieiaee;

e) ioeaiea eiouanoaa e i?aaei?eyoee eae eiouanoaaiiuo eiiieaenia, a
oaeaea i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneeo ?eneia;

e) ?ac?aaioea e aiaeeco eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?iaeoia, ninoaaeaieth
aecian-ieaiia;

e) i?iaaaeaieth ia?eaoeiaiauo enneaaeiaaiee;

i) i?iaaaeaieth enneaaeiaaiee, ?ac?aaioie a iaeanoe, naycaiiie n
aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoueth e ?ani?ino?aiaieai eo ?acoeueoaoia, a oii
/enea a ia/aoiii e yeaeo?iiiii aeaea;

i) iao/aieth niaoeeaeenoia a iaeanoyo, naycaiiuo n aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoueth.

O?aaiaaiey ii ieacaieth niioonoaothueo aoaeeoo oneoa ?aaeaiaioe?othony
iaua?inneeneeie i?aaeeaie (noaiaea?oaie) aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe.

A i?aaao e iaycaiiinoyo aoaeeoi?neeo i?aaiecaoeee e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo
aoaeeoi?ia i?e i?iaaaeaiee aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee oeacaoue, /oi:

– I?e i?iaaaeaiee aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee aoaeeoi?neea i?aaiecaoeee e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua aoaeeoi?u eiatho i?aai:

a) naiinoiyoaeueii ii?aaeaeyoue oi?iu e iaoiaeu aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee
enoiaey ec o?aaiaaiee ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia

?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, a oaeaea eiie?aoiuo oneiaee aeiaiai?a n
aoaee?oaiui eeoeii;

a) i?iaa?youe o aoaee?oaiiai eeoea a iieiii iauaia aeieoiaioaoeeth i
oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe, iaee/ea aeaiaaeiuo noii, oeaiiuo
aoiaa, iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, iieo/aoue onoiua e ienueiaiiua
?acuyniaiey ii aicieeoei aii?inai e aeiiieieoaeueiua naaaeaiey,
iaiaoiaeeiua aeey aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee;

a) iieo/aoue ii ienueiaiiiio cai?ino aoaee?oaiuoeeoe iaiaoiaeeioth aeey
inouanoaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee eioi?iaoeeth io o?aoueeo eeoe;

a) i?eaeaeaoue ia aeiaiai?iie iniiaa e o/anoeth a aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ea
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo aoaeeoi?ia, aoaeeoi?neea i?aaiecaoeee, a oaeaea eiuo
niaoeeaeenoia, ca eneeth/aieai eeoe, oeacaiiuo a noaouea “Iacaaeneiinoue
aoaeeoi?ia, aoaeeoi?neeo i?aaiecaoeee e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo aoaeeoi?ia”
i?iaeoa aeaiiiai oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia;

ae) ioeacaoueny io i?iaaaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee a neo/aa
iai?aaeinoaaeaiey i?iaa?yaiui aoaee?oaiui eeoeii anae iaiaoiaeeiie
eioi?iaoeee.

– I?e i?iaaaeaiee aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee aoaeeoi?neea i?aaiecaoeee e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua aoaeeoi?u iaycaiu:

a) iaoeinieoaeueii niaethaeaoue i?e inouanoaeaiee aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe o?aaiaaiey caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee;

a) iaiaaeeaiii niiauaoue eeoeo, n eioi?ui caeeth/ai aeiaiai?, i
i?iaaaeaiee aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee:

– i iaaiciiaeiinoe naiaai o/anoey a i?iaaaeaiee aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee
aeaiiiai eeoea aneaaenoaea ianoiyoaeuenoa, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo ianoiyuei
oaaea?aeueiui caeiiii e eneeth/athueo aiciiaeiinoue i?iaaaeaiey aoaeeoa;

– i iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?eaea/aiey e o/anoeth a i?iaa?ea aeiiieieoaeueiuo
aoaeeoi?ia (niaoeeaeenoia) a nayce ni cia/eoaeueiui iauaiii ?aaiou eee
eaeeie-eeai eiuie ianoiyoaeuenoaaie, aicieeoeie iinea caeeth/aiey
aeiaiai?a;

a) eaaeeoeoee?iaaiii i?iaiaeeoue aoaeeoi?neea i?iaa?ee, a oaeaea
ieacuaaoue niioonoaothuea aoaeeoo oneoae;

a) iaania/eaaoue nio?aiiinoue aeieoiaioia, iieo/aaiuo e ninoaaeyaiuo eie
a oiaea aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee, e ia ?acaeaoaoue eo niaea?aeaiey aac
niaeaney nianoaaiieea (?oeiaiaeeoaey) aoaee?oaiiai eeoea, ca
eneeth/aieai neo/aaa, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo caeiiiaeaoaeueiuie aeoaie
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee;

ae) i?aaeinoaaeyoue aoaee?oaiiio eeoeo ii cai?ino eioi?iaoeeth i
o?aaiaaieyo ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia e iaua?inneeneeo i?aaee (noaiaea?oia)
aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe ioiineoaeueii i?iaaaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie
i?iaa?ee.

A i?aaao e iaycaiiinoyo aoaee?oaiuo eeoe i?e i?iaaaeaiee aoaeeoi?neie
i?iaa?ee ii?aaeaeeoue, /oi:

I?e i?iaaaeaiee aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee aoaee?oaiia eeoei eiaao i?aai:

a) iieo/aoue io eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai aoaeeoi?a (aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeee)
iieioth eioi?iaoeeth i o?aaiaaieyo caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, eanathuaainy
i?iaaaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee;

a) iinea iciaeiieaiey n caeeth/aieai eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai aoaeeoi?a
(aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeee) iieo/aoue eioi?iaoeeth i ii?iaoeaiuo aeoao,
ia eioi?uo iniiauaathony caia/aiey e auaiaeu eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai
aoaeeoi?a (aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeee).

I?e i?iaaaeaiee aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee aoaee?oaiia eeoei iaycaii:

a) nicaeaaaoue eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiio aoaeeoi?o (aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeee)
oneiaey aeey naiaa?aiaiiiai e iieiiai i?iaaaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee,
i?aaeinoaaeyoue anth aeieoiaioaoeeth, iaiaoiaeeioth aeey aa i?iaaaeaiey,
a oaeaea aeaaaoue ii cai?ino eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai aoaeeoi?a (aoaeeoi?neie
i?aaiecaoeee) ?acuyniaiey e iauyniaiey a onoiie e ienueiaiiie oi?ia;

a) iia?aoeaii ono?aiyoue auyaeaiiua aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?eie ia?ooaiey
ii?yaeea aaaeaiey aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa e ninoaaeaiey aooaaeoa?neie
(oeiainiaie) io/aoiinoe;

a) ieacuaaoue niaeaenoaea aoaeeoi?neei i?aaiecaoeeyi a naiaa?aiaiiii e
iieiii i?iaaaeaiee aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee;

a) i?aaeinoaaeyoue ii onoiiio eee ienueiaiiiio cai?ino aoaeeoi?neeo
i?aaiecaoeee ?acuyniaiey e iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey, a oii /enea ienueiaiiua;

ae) aoaee?oaiia eeoei, iiaeeaaeauaa iaycaoaeueiiio aoaeeoo, ia ai?aaa
oeeiiyoueny eeai i?aiyonoaiaaoue aai i?iaaaeaieth e iaycaii caeeth/aoue
aeiaiai?u ia i?iaaaeaiea iaycaoaeueiiai aoaeeoa n aoaeeoi?neeie
i?aaiecaoeeyie a n?iee, onoaiiaeaiiua caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee.

– Cai?auaaony i?aaei?eieiaoue ethaua aeaenoaey a ioiioaiee aoaeeoi?neie
i?aaiecaoeee eee eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai aoaeeoi?a n oeaeueth ia?aie/aiey
e?oaa aii?inia, iiaeeaaeaueo auyniaieth i?e i?iaaaeaiee aoaeeoi?neie
i?iaa?ee.

A noaouea “Iaycaoaeueiue aoaeeo” neaaeoao, ia iao acaeyae, oeacaoue:

“Iaycaoaeueiue aoaeeo caeeth/aaony a aaeaaiaeiie iaycaoaeueiie
aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ea aaaeaiey aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa e aooaaeoa?neie
(oeiainiaie) io/aoiinoe i?aaiecaoeee (eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai
i?aaei?eieiaoaey) e inouanoaeyaony a neo/ayo, anee aeayoaeueiinoue
i?aaiecaoeee (eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai i?aaei?eieiaoaey) niioaaonoaoao iaeiiio
ec ieaeaia?a/eneaiiuo e?eoa?eaa:

– i?aaiecaoeey eiaao i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaoth oi?io ioe?uoiai
aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa;

– i?aaiecaoeey yaeyaony:

a) e?aaeeoiie i?aaiecaoeeae;

a) no?aoiaie i?aaiecaoeeae eee iauanoaii acaeiiiai no?aoiaaiey;

a) oiaa?iie eee oiiaeiaie ae?aeae;

a) eiaanoeoeeiiiui oiiaeii;

ae) aiaathaeaeaoiui oiiaeii, enoi/ieeaie ia?aciaaiey n?aaenoa eioi?iai
yaeythony i?aaeoniio?aiiua caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
iaycaoaeueiua io/eneaiey, i?iecaiaeeiua th?eaee/aneeie e oece/aneeie
eeoeaie;

a) oiiaeii, enoi/ieeaie ia?aciaaiey n?aaenoa eioi?iai yaeythony
aeia?iaieueiua io/eneaiey th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe;

– a onoaaiii eaieoaea (onoaaiii oiiaea) i?aaiecaoeee eiaaony aeiey,
i?eiaaeeaaeauay eiino?aiiui eiaanoi?ai;

– iauai au?o/ee i?aaiecaoeee (eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai i?aaei?eieiaoaey) io
?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee (?aaio, oneoa) ca aiae i?aauoaao a 500 oun. ?ac
onoaiiaeaiiue caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ieieiaeueiue
?acia? iieaou o?oaea eee noiia aeoeaia aaeaina i?aauoaao ia eiiaoe
io/aoiiai aiaea a 200 oun. ?ac onoaiiaeaiiue caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ieieiaeueiue ?acia? iieaou o?oaea;

– oeiainiaua iieacaoaee aeayoaeueiinoe oaaea?aeueiuo ainoaea?noaaiiuo
oieoa?iuo i?aaei?eyoee, ainoaea?noaaiiua

oieoa?iua i?aaei?eyoey noauaeoia ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, iniiaaiiua ia
i?aaa oicyenoaaiiiai aaaeaiey, niioaaonoaotho i. 4 ianoiyuae noaouee.

Iaycaoaeueiue aoaeeo i?iaiaeeony aoaeeoi?neeie i?aaiecaoeeyie,
yaeythueieny /eaiaie aee?aaeeoiaaiiiai i?ioanneiiaeueiiai aoaeeoi?neiai
iauaaeeiaiey.

Iauai iaycaoaeueiie aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee aeieaeai iaania/eaaoue
aiciiaeiinoue iiaeaioiaee aoaeeoi?neiai caeeth/aiey a niioaaonoaee n
o?aaiaaieyie iaua?inneeneeo i?aaee (noaiaea?oia) aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe.

I?e i?iaaaeaiee iaycaoaeueiiai aoaeeoa a i?aaiecaoeeyo, a onoaaiuo
(neeaaei/iuo) eaieoaeao eioi?uo aeiey ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe eee
nianoaaiiinoe noauaeoa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ninoaaeyao ia iaiaa 25%,
caeeth/aiea aeiaiai?ia ia i?iaaaeaiea aoaeeoa aeieaeii inouanoaeyoueny
ii eoiaai i?iaaaeaiey ioe?uoiai eiieo?na. Ii?yaeie i?iaaaeaiey oaeeo
eiieo?nia ooaa?aeaeaaony I?aaeoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ii
i?aaenoaaeaieth oaaea?aeueiiai i?aaia.

I?e iaee/ee a aooaaeoa?neie (oeiainiaie) io/aoiinoe eee eiie
aeieoiaioaoeee aoaee?oaiie i?aaiecaoeee naaaeaiee, ninoaaeythueo
aiaiioth eee ainoaea?noaaiioth oaeio, oaeea i?aaiecaoeee iiaoo auoue
i?iaoaee?iaaiu oieueei aoaeeoi?neeie i?aaiecaoeeyie, a onoaaiii
(neeaaei/iii) eaieoaea eioi?uo ionoonoaoao aeiey, i?eiaaeeaaeauay
eiino?aiiui eiaanoi?ai, e eioi?ua eiatho aeiione onoaiiaeaiiiai ia?acoea
e naaaeaieyi, ninoaaeythuei aiaiioth eee ainoaea?noaaiioth oaeio.

I?aaiecaoeee eee eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua i?aaei?eieiaoaee, iiaeeaaeauea
iaycaoaeueiiio aoaeeoo a niioaaonoaee n ianoiyuei oaaea?aeueiui caeiiii,
iaycaiu aaeaaiaeii i?e naea/a aiaeiaie aooaaeoa?neie io/aoiinoe
i?aaenoaaeyoue aoaeeoi?neia caeeth/aiea ia oiiiyiooie io/aoiinoe a
oa??eoi?eaeueiue iaeiaiaue i?aai ii ianoo naiae ?aaeno?aoeee a ea/anoaa
iaeiaiieaoaeueueea. Oa??eoi?eaeueiue iaeiaiaue i?aai iaycai o?aaiaaoue
iaee/ea aoaeeoi?neiai caeeth/aiey i?aaiecaoeee eee eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai
i?aaei?eieiaoaey, iiaeeaaeauaai iaycaoaeueiiio aoaeeoo, a ninoaaa
eiiieaeoa aiaeiaie aooaaeoa?neie io/aoiinoe”.

I?aaenoaaeyaony aaaeiui ?anniio?aiea noaouee “Aoaeeoi?neay oaeia”:

“Ia iniiaaiee yoie noaouee aoaeeoi?neea i?aaiecaoeee e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua
aoaeeoi?u aeieaeiu aa?aioe?iaaoue oaeio ia iia?aoeeyo naieo eeeaioia.
Ana neoaeauea aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeee iaycaiu o?aieoue oaeio ia
iia?aoeeyo aa eeeaioia, a oaeaea ia eiuo naaaeaieyo, onoaiaaeeaaaiuo
aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeeae, anee yoi ia i?ioeai?a/eo oaaea?aeueiiio
caeiio.

Aoaeeoi?neea i?aaiecaoeee e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua aoaeeoi?u iaycaiu
iaania/eaaoue nio?aiiinoue naaaeaiee e aeieoiaioia, iieo/aaiuo e/eee
ninoaaeyaiuo eie a oiaea aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe, e ia ai?aaa
ia?aaeaaaoue yoe aeieoiaiou eee eo eiiee eaeei au oi ie auei o?aoueei
eeoeai eeai ?acaeaoaoue niaea?aeaueany a ieo naaaeaiey aac ienueiaiiiai
niaeaney i?aaiecaoeee e (eee) eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo i?aaei?eieiaoaeae, a
ioiioaiee eioi?uo inouanoaeyaony aoaeeo e ieacuaathony niioonoaothuea
aio oneoae, ca eneeth/aieai neo/aaa, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo oaaea?aeueiuie
caeiiaie.

Iaoiaeyueany a ?anii?yaeaiee aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeee e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai aoaeeoi?a aeieoiaiou, niaea?aeauea naaaeaiey ia
iia?aoeeyo th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe, i?aaeinoaaeythony
eneeth/eoaeueii ii ?aoaieth noaea oiieiiii/aiiui aeaiiui ?aoaieai eeoeai
eee ainoaea?noaaiiui i?aaiai ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee a neo/ayo,
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo caeiiiaeaoaeueiuie aeoaie ia eo aeayoaeueiinoe.

Oaaea?aeueiue i?aai ia ai?aaa ?acaeaoaoue naaaeaiey i eiie?aoiuo
naeaeeao e ia iia?aoeeyo th?eaee/aneeo e oece/aneeo eeoe ec io/aoia
aoaeeoi?neeo i?aaiecaoeee, iieo/aiiua ei a ?acoeueoaoa eniieiaiey
eeoeaiceiiiuo, iaaeci?iuo e eiio?ieueiuo ooieoeee, ca eneeth/aieai
neo/aaa, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo oaaea?aeueiuie caeiiaie.

Aee?aaeeoiaaiiua i?ioanneiiaeueiua iauaaeeiaiey, a oaeaea eo neoaeauea
iaycaiu iaania/eaaoue eiioeaeaioeeaeueiinoue naaaeaiee, eanathueony
aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiecaoeee, a ioiioaiee eioi?uo inouanoaeyaony aoaeeo e
ieacuaaeenue niioonoaothuea oneoae, noaaoea ecaanoiuie ei a oiaea
i?iaaaeaiey i?iaa?ee ea/anoaa ?aaiou eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai aoaeeoi?a eee
aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeee.

O?aaiaaiea nio?aiaiey eiioeaeaioeeaeueiinoe eioi?iaoeee ia aoaee?oaiie
i?aaiecaoeee oaeaea ?ani?ino?aiyaony ia naaaeaiey, niaea?aeaueany a
aoaeeoi?neii io/aoa, iiaeaioiaeaiiii i?aaeiae aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeeae
eee eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui aoaeeoi?ii, a oaeaea ia naaaeaiey, eioi?ua iiaoo
noaoue ecaanoiuie aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeee eee eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiio
aoaeeoi?o i?e i?iaaaeaiee i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai iciaeiieaiey n
i?aaeiieaaaaiui eeeaioii.

A neo/aa ?acaeaoaiey aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeeae eee eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui
aoaeeoi?ii, Oaaea?aeueiui i?aaiii ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey
aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe eeai aai neoaeaueie, aee?aaeeoiaaiiuie
i?ioanneiiaeueiuie iauaaeeiaieyie eeai aai neoaeaueie naaaeaiee,
ninoaaeythueo aoaeeoi?neoth oaeio, aoaee?oaiia eeoei eeai eeoei,
eioi?iio ieacuaaeenue niioonoaothuea aoaeeoo oneoae, ai?aaa ia?aoeoueny
a noae n o?aaiaaieai aiciauaiey aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeeae eeai
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui aoaeeoi?ii, Oaaea?aeueiui i?aaiii ainoaea?noaaiiiai
?aaoee?iaaiey aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe, aee?aaeeoiaaiiuie
i?ioanneiiaeueiuie iauaaeeiaieyie i?e/eiaiiuo oauoeia”.

A noaouea “I?aaeea (noaiaea?ou) aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe” neaaeoao
eceiaeeoue:

“Iaua?inneeneea i?aaeea (noaiaea?ou) aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe
ooaa?aeaeathony I?aaeoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ii
i?aaenoaaeaieth Oaaea?aeueiiai i?aaia ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey
aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe”.

Oeaeaniia?acii aeiaaaeoue noaouee neaaeothuaai niaea?aeaiey.

Noaouey “Ieaie?iaaiea e aeieoiaioe?iaaiea aoaeeoa” aeieaeia
ii?aaeaeeoue:

“I?iaaaeaiea aoaeeoa a iaycaoaeueiii ii?yaeea ieaie?oaony e
aeieoiaioe?oaony aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeeae (eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui
aoaeeoi?ii). I?ioeaaeo?u e oi?iu ieaie?iaaiey e aeieoiaioe?iaaiey
aoaeeoa ?ac?aaaouaathony aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeeae (eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui
aoaeeoi?ii) ia iniiaa iaua?inneeneeo i?aaee (noaiaea?oia) aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe. Aeieoiaioe?iaaiea aoaeeoa i?aaeoniao?eaaao ninoaaeaiea
?aai/ae aeieoiaioaoeee aoaeeoi?a e eoiaiaie aeieoiaioaoeee aoaeeoa ii
?acoeueoaoai i?iaaaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee. Eoiaiaay aeieoiaioaoeey
aeeth/aao aoaeeoi?neia caeeth/aiea e aoaeeoi?neee io/ao”.

Noaouey “?aai/ay aeieoiaioaoeey aoaeeoi?a” a neo/aa iaeia?aiey iiaeao
ii?aaeaeeoue:

“?aai/ay aeieoiaioaoeey aoaeeoi?a ninoaaeyaony aei ia/aea, a oiaea e ii
caaa?oaiee aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee e aeieaeia niaea?aeaoue eioi?iaoeeth,
iaiaoiaeeioth aeey iiaeaioiaee aeinoiaa?iiai aoaeeoi?neiai io/aoa e
aoaeeoi?neiai caeeth/aiey. Niaea?aeaiea oeacaiiie eioi?iaoeee
ii?aaeaeyaony niioaaonoaothueie iaua?inneeneeie i?aaeeaie (noaiaea?oaie)
aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe. ?aai/ay aeieoiaioaoeey yaeyaony
nianoaaiiinoueth aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeee (eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai
aoaeeoi?a)”.

Noaoueth “Iacaaeneiinoue aoaeeoi?ia, aoaeeoi?neeo i?aaiecaoeee e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo aoaeeoi?ia” aiciiaeii eceiaeeoue a neaaeothuae
?aaeaeoeee: “Aoaeeo ia iiaeao inouanoaeyoueny: aoaeeoi?aie, yaeythueieny
o/?aaeeoaeyie (o/anoieeaie) aoaee?oaiuo i?aaiecaoeee, eo
?oeiaiaeeoaeyie, aooaaeoa?aie e eiuie eeoeaie, ianoueie ioaaonoaaiiinoue
ca i?aaiecaoeeth e aaaeaiea aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa e ninoaaeaiea
aooaaeoa?neie (oeiainiaie) io/aoiinoe, a oaeaea eeoeaie, ninoiyueie n
ieie a aeeceii ?iaenoaa eee naienoaa (?iaeeoaee, noi?oae, a?aouey,
nano?u, aeaoe, a oaeaea a?aouey, nano?u, ?iaeeoaee e aeaoe noi?oaia), a
oaeaea a ioiioaiee i?aaiecaoeee, ?aaioieee eioi?uo yaeythony
o/?aaeeoaeyie aeaiiie aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeee; aoaeeoi?neeie
i?aaiecaoeeyie, ?oeiaiaeeoaee e eiua aeieaeiinoiua eeoea eioi?uo
yaeythony o/?aaeeoaeyie (o/anoieeaie) aoaee?oaiuo i?aaiecaoeee, eo
?oeiaiaeeoaeyie, aooaaeoa?aie e eiuie eeoeaie, ianoueie ioaaonoaaiiinoue
ca i?aaiecaoeeth e aaaeaiea aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa e ninoaaeaiea
aooaaeoa?neie (oeiainiaie) io/aoiinoe, a oaeaea eeoeaie, ninoiyueie n
ieie a aeeceii ?iaenoaa eee naienoaa (?iaeeoaee, noi?oae, a?aouey,
nano?u, aeaoe, a oaeaea a?aouey, nano?u, ?iaeeoaee e aeaoe noi?oaia);
aoaeeoi?neeie i?aaiecaoeeyie a ioiioaiee aoaee?oaiuo eeoe, yaeythueony
eo o/?aaeeoaeyie (o/anoieeaie), a ioiioaiee aoaee?oaiuo eeoe, aeey
eioi?uo naie yoe aoaeeoi?neea i?aaiecaoeee yaeythony o/?aaeeoaeyie
(o/anoieeaie), a ioiioaiee aei/a?ieo i?aaiecaoeee, oeeeaeia e
i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoa oeacaiiuo aoaee?oaiuo eeoe, a oaeaea a ioiioaiee
i?aaiecaoeee, eiathueo iaueo n aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeeae o/?aaeeoaeae
(o/anoieeia); eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuie aoaeeoi?aie e aoaeeoi?neeie
i?aaiecaoeeyie, ieacuaaaoeie ?aiaa a oa/aiea o?ao eao, iaiin?aaenoaaiii
i?aaeoanoaiaaaoeo i?iaaaeaieth aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee, oneoae ii
ainnoaiiaeaieth e aaaeaieth aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa, a oaeaea ii
ninoaaeaieth aooaaeoa?neie (oeiainiaie) io/aoiinoe th?eaee/aneei e
oece/aneei eeoeai, – a ioiioaiee yoeo eeoe.

Ii?yaeie, ?acia? e oi?ia iieaou ca i?iaaaeaiea aoaeeoa (a oii /enea
iaycaoaeueiiai) e ieacaiea niioonoaothueo aio oneoa ii?aaeaeythony a
aeiaiai?ao e ia iiaoo auoue iinoaaeaiu a caaeneiinoue io auiieiaiey
eaeeo au oi ie auei o?aaiaaiee aoaee?oaiuo eeoe i niaea?aeaiee auaiaeia,
eioi?ua iiaoo auoue naeaeaiu a ?acoeueoaoa aoaeeoa.

*?acau/aeii aaaeioth, ia iao acaeyae, noaoueth “Eiio?ieue ea/anoaa
?aaiou aoaeeoi?neeo i?aaiecaoeee e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo aoaeeoi?ia” iiaeii
i?aaeeiaeeoue a neaaeothuae ?aaeaeoeee:

“Aoaeeoi?neea i?aaiecaoeee e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua aoaeeoi?u iaycaiu
nicaeaoue e iiaeaea?aeeaaoue aioo?aiithth nenoaio eiio?iey ea/anoaa
i?iaiaeeiuo eie aoaeeoi?neeo i?iaa?ie. O?aaiaaiey, i?aaeuyaeyaiua e
oaeie nenoaia, ?aaeaiaioe?othony iaua?inneeneeie i?aaeeaie
(noaiaea?oaie) aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Nenoaia i?iaa?ee ea/anoaa ?aaiou eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo aoaeeoi?ia e
aoaeeoi?neeo i?aaiecaoeee aiaoieie i?iaa?ythueie e noaiaea?oiay oi?ia
io/aoa aiaoieo i?iaa?ythueo onoaiaaeeaathony oaaea?aeueiui i?aaiii,
eioi?ue oaeea i?iaa?ee iiaeao eae i?iaiaeeoue naieie neeaie, oae e
aeaeaae?iaaoue i?aai i?iaaaeaiey oaeeo i?iaa?ie aee?aaeeoiaaiiui
i?ioanneiiaeueiui aoaeeoi?neei iauaaeeiaieyi a ioiioaiee o/anoieeia
oaeeo iauaaeeiaiee.

Aiaoiei i?iaa?ythuei, ia yaeythueiny ooaoiui nio?oaeieeii oaaea?aeueiiai
i?aaia, iiaeao auoue oieueei aooanoiaaiiue aoaeeoi?, ?aaioathuee ia
ooaoiie iniiaa a aee?aaeeoiaaiiii i?ioanneiiaeueiii aoaeeoi?neii
iauaaeeiaiee. I?e i?iaa?ea ea/anoaa ?aaiou eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo aoaeeoi?ia
e aoaeeoi?neeo i?aaiecaoeee aiaoieie i?iaa?ythueie aeieaeai auoue
iaania/ai iai?aaeiaia?aiiue ioai? ?aai/eo aeieoiaioia aeey ?anniio?aiey
i?iaa?ythueie.

A neo/aa i?iaa?ie ea/anoaa ?aaiou aoaeeoi?neeo i?aaiecaoeee e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo aoaeeoi?ia aiaoieie i?iaa?ythueie i?aaiecaoeee e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua aoaeeoi?u, iiaeeaaeauea oaeie iiaa?ea, iaycaiu
i?aaeinoaaeoue i?aaiecaoeeyi e eeoeai, oiieiiii/aiiui ia i?iaaaeaiea
oaeeo i?iaa?ie, naith ?aai/oth aeieoiaioaoeeth aoaeeoi?ia, a i?e
iaiaoiaeeiinoe – oaeaea aoaeeoi?neea caeeth/aiey e io/aou. I?e yoii
i?iaa?ythuea iaycaiu iaania/eoue aoaeeoi?neoth oaeio.

Oeeiiaiea eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai aoaeeoi?a (aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeee) io
i?iaaaeaiey aiaoiae i?iaa?ee ea/anoaa eee iai?aaeinoaaeaiea
i?iaa?ythuaio anae iaiaoiaeeiie aeey i?iaa?ee aeieoiaioaoeee eee eiie
o?aaoaiie eioi?iaoeee iiaeao neoaeeoue iniiaaieai aeey aiioee?iaaiey
eeoeaicee ia inouanoaeaiea aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe.

A neo/aa iaia?oaeaiey a oiaea i?iaa?ee ea/anoaa ?aaiou oaeoia
iaiaeiie?aoiiai (aeaa e aieaa ?ac) nouanoaaiiiai ia?ooaiey aoaeeoi?ii
aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeee eee eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui aoaeeoi?ii i?e
i?iaaaeaiee aoaeeoi?neie i?iaa?ee o?aaiaaiee ii?iaoeaiuo i?aaiauo aeoia
e iaua?inneeneeo i?aaee (noaiaea?oia) aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe
i?iaa?ythuea, ia yaeythueany ooaoiuie nio?oaeieeaie oaaea?aeueiiai
i?aaia, iaycaiu niiaueoue i oaeeo oaeoao oaaea?aeueiiio i?aaio. Ia
aeiiaiuo a oaeeo ia?ooaieyo iiaeao auoue iaeiaeaii a onoaiiaeaiiii
ianoiyuei oaaea?aeueiui caeiiii ii?yaeea acuneaiea aieioue aei
aiioee?iaaiey eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiiai aooanoaoa aoaeeoi?a, a oaeaea
aiioee?iaaiey eeoeaicee ia inouanoaeaiea aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe o
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai aoaeeoi?a eee o aoaeeoi?neie i?aaiecaoeee,
i?iaiaeeaoeo iaea/anoaaiiua aoaeeoi?neea i?iaa?ee”.

Iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi a oa/aiea ianeieueeeo eao Aa?iiaeneia
niiauanoai iinooiaoaeueii i?iaeaeaaaony ii iooe iiauoaiey
o?aaiaaoaeueiinoe e i?ioannee, oneeaiey eiio?iey ca ea/anoaii
aoaeeoi?neeo oneoa. I?e yoii, aeoiaaony, oaa ca oaaii aoaeao iiauoaoueny
?ieue ?inneeneeo aee?aaeeoiaaiiuo i?ioanneiiaeueiuo aoaeeoi?neeo
iauaaeeiaiee a ioiioaiee naieo /eaiia. I?ioanney iinoaiaiii niiaeao
naiinoiyoaeueii i/euaoueny io iaaaoeaiuo yaeaiee. Iaeiia?aiaiii e a
?innee aoaeoo ooiaeeoue yeaiaiou eiio?iey, aaaaeaiiua ni noi?iiu
ainoaea?noaa a ianoiyueo oneiaeyo a ea/anoaa a?aiaiiie, ii iaiaoiaeeiie
ia?u. A ea/anoaa iaeiiai ec i?eia?ia iiaeii i?eaanoe iiuo Oaaoeee. A
yoie no?aia i?aaeoaeuenoaaiiue i?aai – Eiienney ii aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe – i?aeoe/anee /a?ac aeaa aaaeoueo i?ioanneiiaeueiuo
aoaeeoi?neeo

iauaaeeiaiey iieiinoueth aeaaeaao ianoaiiaeie a noa?a eiio?iey ea/anoaa
ia ?uiea aoaeeoi?neeo oneoa Oaaoeee.

Oeaeaniia?acii aeiiieieoue i?iaeo i?aaeeiaeaieai neaaeothuaai
niaea?aeaiey:

“Eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiua yecaiaiu i?iaiaeyony a aee?aaeeoiaaiiuo i?e
oaaea?aeueiii i?aaia ii niaeaniaaieth n Niaaoii ii aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe o/aaii-iaoiaee/aneeo oeaio?ao i?e iaiin?aaenoaaiiii
o/anoee a ieo (yecaiaiao) a oii /enea aee?aaeeoiaaiiuo i?ioanneiiaeueiuo
aoaeeoi?neeo iauaaeeiaiee. Eeoei, eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiue aooanoao eioi?iai
aue aiioee?iaai, ia iiaeao iiaoi?ii ia iaueo iniiaaieyo ia?auaoueny n
cayaeaieai i iieo/aiee aooanoaoa ia i?aai inouanoaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe a oa/aiea o?ao eao”.

Ii iaoaio iiaieth, iaeiei ec e?eoa?eaa aee?aaeeoaoeee aeieaeii yaeyoueny
iaee/ea a i?ioanneiiaeueiii aoaeeoi?neii iauaaeeiaiee 1000 – 1500
aooanoiaaiiuo aoaeeoi?ia eee(e) 300 aoaeeoi?neeo i?aaiecaoeee.

I?aeiaeaiiua iiceoeee i?i?aaioaiu i?e aeoeaiii o/anoee i?ioanneiiaeueiuo
aoaeeoi?neeo iauaaeeiaiee e i?aeoeeothueo aoaeeoi?ia.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy aeaoaeueii i?i?aaaouaathony i?aaeeiaeaiey, eanathueany
Oaaea?aeueiiai i?aaia ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe e aee?aaeeoiaaiiuo i?ioanneiiaeueiuo aoaeeoi?neeo
iauaaeeiaiee.

Oieueei iauaaeeiaiea eiino?oeoeaiuo oneeee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth
i?aaiaiai iiey, i?aaiecaoeee yoiai aeaea aeayoaeueiinoe i?e iai?aiaiiii
iiauoaiee ea/anoaa aoaeeoi?neeo oneoa iiaoo a aeaeueiaeoai nicaeaoue
aeaenoaeoaeueii cia/eiia aeey yeiiiieee ainoaea?noaa iai?aaeaiea, eaeei
e aeieaeai auoue ?inneeneee aoaeeo.

A nayce n caaea/ae iiauoaiey ea/anoaa aoaeeoi?neeo oneoa iniaia cia/aiea
i?eia?aoaao i?aaiecaoeey nenoaiu aooanoaoeee e eeoeaice?iaaiey
aoaeeoi?neeo eaae?ia.

Ii ninoiyieth ia 1 yiaa?y 2001 a. ca aieaa /ai 6-eaoiee ia?eiae
oeaio?aeueiie aooanoaoeeiiii-eeoeaiceiiiie aoaeeoi?neie eiienneae
(OeAEAE) Ieioeia ?innee, i?eiyou ?aoaiey i auaea/a eeoeaicee ia
inouanoaeaiea aoaeeoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoe ii/oe 22,4 oun. eeoeaiceaoia
(a oii /enea aoaeeoi?neei i?aaiecaoeeyi – 14 oun. e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui
aoaeeoi?ai – 8,4 oun.), ec ieo a iaeanoe iauaai aoaeeoa -20,3 oun.; ii
aoaeeoo ae?ae, aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaeia e eiaanoeoeeiiiuo einoeoooia –
1,2 oun., ii aoaeeoo no?aoiaueeia -0,9 oun.

N?aaee iauaai eiee/anoaa eeoeaicee /enei eeoeaicee, auaeaiiuo ii
i?eeacai Ieioeia ?innee, ninoaaeei ii/oe 7 oun., ioeacaii a auaea/a
eeoeaicee 79 i?aaiecaoeeyi e 14 eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui i?aaei?eieiaoaeyi.
Aiioee?iaaii 13 ?aiaa auaeaiiuo eeoeaicee, a oii /enea o 2 i?aaiecaoeee
e o 11 eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo i?aaei?eieiaoaeae.

*enei aeaenoaothueo eeoeaicee ii ninoiyieth ia 1 yiaa?y 2001 a. (n
o/aoii ?aiaa auaeaiiuo eeoeaicee) ninoaaeei ii/oe 7,5 oun., a oii /enea
ii iai?aaeaieth iauaai aoaeeoa – 6,8 oun., ii iai?aaeaieth aoaeeoa
ae?ae, aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaeia e eiaanoeoeeiiiuo einoeoooia – 451, ii
iai?aaeaieth aoaeeoa no?aoiaueeia – 234.

Ca oeacaiiue ia?eiae OeAEAE Ieioeia ?innee ooaa?aeaeaii e auaea/a ii/oe
32,9 oun. eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiuo aooanoaoia aoaeeoi?a, ec ieo 30,8 oun.
aooanoaoia a iaeanoe iauaai aoaeeoa, 1,25 oun. aooanoaoia ii aoaeeoo
ae?ae, aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaeia e eiaanoeoeeiiiuo einoeoooia, 823
aooanoaoa ii aoaeeoo no?aoiaueeia (n o/aoii ?aiaa i?eiyouo ?aoaiee
OeAEAE ?inno?aoiaaeci?a).

*enei aeaenoaothueo eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiuo aooanoaoia aoaeeoi?a ninoaaeei
22,9 oun., a oii /enea ii iauaio aoaeeoo -21,6, oun., ii aoaeeoo ae?ae,
aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaeia e eiaanoeoeeiiiuo einoeoooia -815, ii aoaeeoo
no?aoiaueeia – 512 aooanoaoia.

E?iia oiai, a niioaaonoaee n iinoaiiaeaieai I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee io 21.07.97 a. ? 907 “I aianaiee eciaiaiee a Ii?yaeie
i?iaaaeaiey aooanoaoeee ia i?aai inouanoaeaiey aoaeeoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe, ooaa?aeaeaiiue iinoaiiaeaieai I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee io 6 iay 1994 a. ? 482” OeAEAE Ieioeia ?innee i?eiyoi
?aoaiee i i?iaeeaiee n?iea aeaenoaey 12 472 eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiuo aooanoaoia
aoaeeoi?a, ec ieo 11 656 aooanoaoia a iaeanoe iauaai aoaeeoa, 440
aooanoaoia ii aoaeeoo ae?ae, aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaeia e eiaanoeoeeiiiuo
einoeoooia, 376 aooanoaoia no?aoiaueeia.

Oioaeinue au aua ?ac ia?aoeoue aieiaiea ia aeinoaoi/ii aieueoie ?ac?ua
iaaeaeo eiee/anoaii auaeaiiuo e aeaenoaothueo eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiuo
aooanoaoia e aiaeiae/ii – eeoeaicee. Yoi aiai?eo, n iaeiie noi?iiu, i
neiaeiinoe i?ioannee aoaeeoi?a, a n ae?oaie – i nouanoaiaaiee
cia/eoaeueiiai /enea oe?i-iaeiiaeiaaie. ?ac?aoaiea aeaiiie neooaoeee
aeieaeii noaoue a aeaeueiaeoai iaeiei ec o/anoeia ?aaiou
i?ioanneiiaeueiuo iauaaeeiaiee, e a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue aee?aaeeoiaaiiuo
i?ioanneiiaeueiuo aoaeeoi?neeo iauaaeeiaiee.

Caeeth/aiea

A ea/anoaa auaiaea y au oioaea ioiaoeoue, /oi a ?innee ainoaea?noaaiiia
iaycaoaeueiia nioeeaeueiia no?aoiaaiea i?aaenoaaeaii /aou?ueiy oiiaeaie:

– iaineiiiui;

– iaycaoaeueiiai iaaeeoeeineiai no?aoiaaiey;

– nioeeaeueiiai no?aoiaaiey.

Oi?ie?iaaiea yoeo oiiaeia inouanoaeyaony iooai aciinia ai
aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu iin?aaenoaii aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa.

A caeeth/aiea y au oioaea ioiaoeoue, /oi a iineaaeiaa a?aiy i?aaei?eiyoi
iiiai iiiuoie, niaa?oainoaiaaiey caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa i aciinao ai
aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu, ii oai ia iaiaa ia aeaiiii yoaia nouanoaoao
iiiai i?iaeai: ai-ia?auo, i?ioeai?a/ey a caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, eioi?ua
i?eaiaeyo e aano?aeiui neooaoeeyi eae, iai?eia?, aciinu a iaeei
ainoaea?noaaiiue nioeeaeueiue aiaathaeaeaoiue oiiae neaaeoao
i?iecaiaeeoue ca n/ao n?aaenoa, auaeaeaiiuo ae?oaei ainoaea?noaaiiui
nioeeaeueiui aiaathaeaeaoiui oiiaeii a /anoiinoe a IO ?O ia noiio i?aiee
no?aoiaiio aeoeao, auiea/eaaaioth i?aaiecaoeeae ca n/ao n?aaenoa,
auaeaeaiiuo ioaeaeaieai ONN ?O, oae eae aeaiiay i?aiey a ia?a/aiue
iaiaeaaaaiuo auieao IO ?O ia aeeth/aia. E yoi ia aaeeie/iue neo/ae.

Caeanue, ia iie acaeyae, iaiaoiaeeia, ouaoaeueiay i?i?aaioea ii?iaoeaiuo
aeoia ia oaeo niioaaonoaey eo ae?oa ae?oao. Ai-aoi?uo, eae iieacuaaao
i?aeoeea, iaoieaoa eee iaiieiay oieaoa aciinia ai aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu
– iaeii ec naiuo ?ani?ino?aiaiiuo ia?ooaiee, aeiioneaaiuo
?oeiaiaeeoaeyie i?aaiecaoeee. Oioy aeaenoaothuaa caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai
i?aaeoniao?eaaao ca yoe ia?ooaiey eae iaeiaiaoth, oae e oaieiaioth
ioaaonoaaiiinoue, yoi ia iiaeao enei?aieoue i?iaeaio iaaeieiie a ?O.

Ii iiaieth aooaaeoa?ia-i?aeoeeia aeaiiay neooaoeey nicaeaaony ec-ca
aunieeo noaaie io/eneaiee a oiiaeu, anoanoaaiii i?aaei?eyoey iuoathony
oeeiieoueny io oieaou no?aoiauo aciinia, /ai e iauyniyaony aunieee iauai
iaaeieiie. A aeaiiie neooaoeee aiaathaeaeaoiui oiiaeai iaaei iieoe ia
nieaeaiea noaaie (oioy au ia a?aiy) io/eneaiee a oiiaeu. A o?aoueeo,
iaiaoiaeeii aiaae?youe iiaaeoea eiiiuethoa?iua nenoaiu e i?ia?aiiu,
i?eiaiyaiua a ca?oaaaeiuo no?aiao, ia oieueei ia i?aaei?eyoeyo, ii a
oiiaeao aeey oi?iuaiey e onei?aiey i?ioeaaeo? ?an/aoia n i?aaiecaoeeyie,
a oaeaea aeey aieaa no?iaiai eiio?iey ni noi?iiu aiaathaeaeaoiuo
oiiaeia. Eiaaony a aeaeo, /oi e i?aaei?eyoea e aiaathaeaeaoiue oiiae eee
no?aoiaay eiiiaiey aeieaeiu auoue iiaeeeth/aiu e iaeiie eiiiuethoa?iie
naoe.

E niaeaeaieth, ia aeaiiue iiiaio iao aioiauo i?ia?aiiiuo i?iaeoeoia aeey
inouanoaeaiey aeaiiuo ?an/aoia, ethaoth i?ia?aiio (1N Aooaaeoa?ey, AANO
e ae?.) iaiaoiaeeii aaeaioe?iaaoue aeey eaaeaeiai i?aaei?eyoey, oae eae
a ia?aiia/aeueiii aeaea iia iiaeoiaeeo oieueei ia 10-15%. Iaaeinoaoeii
aeaiiuo i?ia?aii yaeyaony e oi, /oi a ieo iao ?an/aoiuo aaaeiiinoae
oiiaeia.

I?eeiaeaiea …

Noaaee aaeeiiai nioeeaeueiiai iaeiaa

Iaeiaiaay aaca ia eaaeaeiai ioaeaeueiiai?aaioieea ia?anoathuei eoiaii n
ia/aea aiaeaIaineiiiueoiiae ?inneeneieOaaea?aoeeeOiiae
nioeeaeueiiaino?aoiaaiey?inneeneieOaaea?aoeeeOiiaeu iaycaoaeueiiai
iaaeeoeeineiai no?aoiaaieyEoiaiOaaea?aeueiueoiiae iaycaoaeueiiai
iaaeeoeeineiai no?aoiaaieyoa??eoi?eaeueiua oiiaeu iaycaoaeueiiai
iaaeeoeeineiai no?aoiaaiey123456Aei 100 000 ?oa. 28,0% 4,0% 0,2% 3,4%
35,6% Io 100001?oa. aei 300000?oa. 28000 ?oa. +15,8% n noiiu,
i?aauoathuae

100000 ?oa. 4000 ?oa. + 2,2% n noiiu, i?aauoathuae100000 ?oa. 200 ?oa. +
0,1% n noiiu, i?aauoathuae100000 ?oa. 3400?oa.+1,9% n noiiu,
i?aauoathuae100000 ?oa. 35 600 ?oa. + 20,0% n noiiu, i?aauoathuae100 000
?oa. Io 300001?oa. aei 600000 ?oa.59600 ?oa. + 7,9% n noiiu,
i?aauoathuae300000 ?oa.8400 ?oa. + 1,1% n noiiu, i?aauoathuae300000
?oa.400 ?oa. + 0,1% n noiiu, i?aauoathuae300000 ?oa.7200 ?oa. + 0,9% n
noiiu, i?aauoathuae300000 ?oa.75600 ?oa. + 10,0% n noiiu,
i?aauoathuae300 000 ?oa.Nauoa 600000 ?oa. 83300 ?oa. + 2,0% n noiiu,
i?aauoathuae600000 ?oa. 11700 ?oa. 700 ?oa. 9900?oa. 105600 ?oa. + 2,0%
n noiiu, i?aauoathuae600 000 ?oa.

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2019