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СИСТЕМА ИЛИ ВЕРА? К вопросу о движении к цивилизации

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NENOAIA EEE AA?A?

E aii?ino i aeaeaeaiee e oeeaeeecaoeee

Aeieo?ee OAEAIOeAA

Ia?iiiia eiee/anoai ?aoeaioia auei i?eaeoiaii ?aciuie iuneeoaeyie,
euoueie ioaaou ia aii?inu oeia: eae iiaeii “in/anoeeaeoue” /aeiaa/anoai
eee “eae aic?iaeeoue e iaono?ieoue no?aio”. Yoei aii?inai iinayuaii
aaeeeia iiiaeanoai oeeinioneeo e i?i/eo ecuneaiee.

Oai ia iaiaa, ia iie acaeyae, iiiaea iuneeoaee, aeoiathuea i
ia?aono?ienoaa iauanoaa, niaa?oatho iaeio e oo aea ioeaeo.

Iauaecaanoii, /oi a ?onneie oeeinioneie iunee i?ioeiai aaea i?aiaeaaeaee
aeaa iniiaiuo iai?aaeaiey: caiaaeie/anoai e neaayiioeeuenoai. E ioeaea,
i eioi?ie iieaeao ?a/ue, i?enoua a iauai-oi e iaeiiio, e ae?oaiio
iai?aaeaieyi, oioy, iiaeaeoe, iaeaieaa oa?aeoa?ia aeey caiaaeie/anoaa.
Eiaiii ec-ca iaa oa?iaee iaoaea/e ana oae iacuaaaiua “i?ia?anneaiua”
?aoi?iu, i?iaiaeeaoeany a ?innee a oa/aiea iineaaeieo aeaoo noieaoee.

A /ai aea caeeth/aaony yoa ioeaea? Eae iu ciaai, eaeaieiaey
caiaaeie/anoaa ae?aooea ninoieo a oii, /oi iia, iiae?acoiaaay Caiaae
aieaa oeeaeeeciaaiiui, i?aaeeaaaao e iai eaeoe ii aai iooe. A /ai aea
caeeth/aaony nae iooue? Aio caeanue-oi, i?e ioaaoa ia yoio aii?in, e
e?iaony, ia iie acaeyae, aeoai/aeoaa caaeoaeaeaiea ia oieueei
caiaaeie/anoaa, ii e, iiaeaeoe, aiiaua anaai nia?aiaiiiai ie?iaicc?aiey.
Ii/aio-oi i?eieiaaony ca aeneiio iiaiea, /oi i?e/eiie aieueoae
oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe, aieaa “oniaoiiai ?acaeoey” yaeyaony niaieoiiinoue
eaeeo-oi iauanoaaiiuo no?oeoo? – iieeoe/aneeo, yeiiiie/aneeo,
nioeeaeueiuo, i?aaiauo e o.i. eee, eia/a aiai?y, ana oi, /oi iau/ii
iiae?acoiaaatho iiae iaeiei iauei neiaii “nenoaia”. *ai “oaea/iaa”,
“i?ia?anneaiaa” aoaeoo yoe no?oeoo?u eee “nenoaia”, oai, eae n/eoaaony,
oeeaeeeciaaiiaa aoaeao no?aia e eo/oa a iae aoaeoo aeeoue ethaee. E
iooue Caiaaea – yoi, eae aeoiatho, i?inoi neo/aeiia oi?ie?iaaiea oai aio
yoeo naiuo “i?ia?anneaiuo no?oeoo?”, iaoaieciia e nioeeaeueiuo
einoeoooia. E ionthaea aeaeaaony auaiae: anee i?e/eiie aieaa aunieiai
o?iaiy aeecie e oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe caiaaeiuo no?ai yaeyaony eo “nenoaia”
(iieeoe/aneay, yeiiiie/aneay, i?aaiaay e o.ae.), oi, /oiau e iai noaoue
oaeeie aea “oeeaeeeciaaiiuie” e “?acaeouie”, iaaei “neiie?iaaoue” eo
“nenoaio”.

Ia naiii aeaea, eae eaaeaony, ana ianoieo ianeieueei eia/a.

Caaeaaeeiny aeey ia/aea neaaeothuei aii?inii.N/eoaaony, /oi, anee iu
“no?iei eaieoaeeci”, oi, cia/eo, iu eaeai ii “caiaaeiiio iooe”. Ii
aaaeue ia Caiaaea yoio i?aneiaooue “eaieoaeeci” ieeoi ieeiaaea
niaoeeaeueii ia no?iee! Iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneay nenoaia, eioi?oth o ian
i?eiyoi iacuaaoue eaieoaeeciii (enoaoe, naia yoa oa?ieiieiaey auea
aaaaeaia oeeinioaie aeiaieueii niiieoaeueiiai aaoi?eoaoa), neiaeeeanue a
iaeioi?uo caiaaeiuo no?aiao anoanoaaiiui ia?acii, aac eaeeo-eeai
niaoeeaeueiuo oneeee iauanoaa ii aa “iino?iaieth”. A aio a ae?oaeo
no?aiao iia naia niaie ia neiaeeeanue, iiiuoee aea aa “aiaae?eoue” naaa,
eae i?aaeei, ieai/eaaeenue i?iaaeii. Ii/aio aea oae i?ienoiaeeo? A
iaeieo no?aiao “eaieoaeeci” aicieeaao nai niaie, a ae?oaeo aea – aai
iaiaoiaeeii niaoeeaeueii “no?ieoue”?

Oae eee eia/a, ii niaa?oaiii ynii iaeii: anee iu “no?iei eaieoaeeci”, oi
iu eaeai oaea ia ii “caiaaeiiio” iooe, oae eae ia Caiaaea aai ieeoi
ieeiaaea niaoeeaeueii ia no?iee.

Oi/ea c?aiey, niaeanii eioi?ie “nenoaia” ii?aaeaeyao oeeaeeeciaaiiinoue,
o?iaaiue aeecie e, oae neacaoue, “?acaeoinoue” iauanoaa, i/aiue
io/aoeeai i?iyaeeanue, eiaaea o ian ia?oaiia?ao ai aeaaa n Ai?aa/aaui
iauyaee “ia?ano?ieeo”. Nai yoio oa?iei iia ?iaeeoueny a oiao oao
ethaeae, eioi?ua n/eoatho iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneoth nenoaio iauanoaa
/ai-oi ia?ae/iui, ii?aaeaeythuei noaiaiue aa oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe e
?acaeoey. Iiyoiio e i?e/eio ionoaaaiey no?aiu a yeiiiie/aneie,
oaoie/aneie e ae?oaeo iaeanoyo iie anaaaea aeaeyo a ieioie “nenoaia”. E
eiaaea oiaaeaoiae i?aayuae yeeoa no?aiu noaei ynii, /oi iu ii iiiaei
ia?aiao?ai aaciaaeaaeii ionoaee io ?acaeouo no?ai, oi aieueoeinoai ec
ieo ?aoeei, /oi aeiiaaoa “nenoaia”, e aa, neaaeiaaoaeueii, iaiaoiaeeii
“ia?ano?ieoue”, oi anoue iinoaiaiii caiaieoue ae?oaie, aieaa
“i?ia?anneaiie” nenoaiie.

Ii iie ia niiaee aeinoaoi/ii /aoei ii?aaeaeeoue, eaeiaa aeieaeia auoue
yoa aieaa i?ia?anneaiay “nenoaia”. Iiyoiio, nionoy iaeioi?ia a?aiy e
aeanoe i?eoea a?oiia, aicaeaaeyaiay Aeueoeeiui, eioi?ay i?aaeeaaaea, ia
ioae?noaoy eoeaai, acyoue a ea/anoaa ia?acoea nenoaio, neiaeeaoothny a
?yaea oeeaeeeciaaiiuo caiaaeiuo no?ai e “iino?ieoue” o ian oi aea naiia.

E oio oaeo, /oi yoa a?oiia i?eoea e aeanoe iooai naiaiaeiuo
aeaiie?aoe/aneeo auai?ia, aiai?eo i oii, /oi oaeia ie?iaicc?aiea aiieia
?acaeaeyeinue aieueoeinoaii ia?iaea. *oi auei niaa?oaiii caeiiiia?ii.
Aaaeue yoie eaeaae – /oi i?e/eiie n/anouey yaeyaony eaeaaeueiay nenoaia
– i?iieoaia any iaoa eoeueoo?a a oa/aiea, ii e?aeiae ia?a, iineaaeieo
aeaoo noieaoee. E eiiioienoe/aneay eaeaieiaey 20-ai aaea, e
aoiaienoe/aneia ie?iaicc?aiea iaoaai iauanoaa i?ioeiai aaea ?acaeaeyee
yoo eaeath.

Aniiiiei, e i?eia?o, aeaeaa?enoia. Aieueoeinoai ec ieo oioaei naa?aiooue
iaeiiai oea?y, ia aai ianoi iinaaeeoue ae?oaiai e ia?aie/eoue aai
aeanoue eiinoeoooeeae, oi anoue aianoi naiiaea?aeaaey onoaiiaeoue
eiinoeoooeeiiioth iiia?oeth. Iaeioi?ua neeiiyeenue e ?anioaeeeaineie
oi?ia i?aaeaiey. E, aiiaua, ana ?aaiethoeeiia?u e ?aoi?iaoi?u iauanoaa
n/eoaee anaaaea i?e/eiie e enoi/ieeii cea “nenoaio” – iieeoe/aneoth,
yeiiiie/aneoth, noaeaaioth e o.ae., – e ana noiaeeeenue ia oii, /oi
ia?aui oaaii aeey aeinoeaeaiey anaiauaai n/anouey aeieaeii auoue
?ac?ooaiea, neii noa?ie, “i?iaieaoae” nenoaiu.

A aio eaeoth iiaoth nenoaio iino?ieoue acaiai… Caeanue oaea
ia/eiaeenue aeaeaiey ia ia?oee e iai?aaeaiey. Iaeie i?aaeeaaaee a
ea/anoaa ia?acoea acyoue nenoaio, neiaeeaoothny a oeeaeeeciaaiiuo
caiaaeiuo no?aiao (caiaaeieee). Ae?oaea a ea/anoaa oaeeo ia?acoeia
i?aaeeaaaee “nenoaiu”, i?eaeoiaiiua, iaoaioace?iaaiiua ?acee/iuie
oeeinioaie – Eaiiaiaeeie, Ioyiii, Nai-Neiiiii, Ia?enii e i?i/eie. Yoi –
nioeeaeenou e eiiioienou. O?aouee i?aaeeaaaee a ea/anoaa ia?acoea acyoue
“nenoaio”, eioi?ay, ii eo iiaieth, nouanoaiaaea a ?innee eiaaea-oi
?aiueoa (neaayiioeeu-ii/aaiieee).

E, /oi eioa?anii, aeaiiia iiaiea (i niaia nenoaiu) i?aeoe/anee ia
inia?eaaeinue a iauanoaa, /oi aiai?eo i oii, /oi iii i?eiyoi ii/oe ca
aeneiio.

Inoaaony oieueei oaeeaeyoueny, /oi i?e oaeii iauanoaaiiii iaioaeeoaoa
?aaiethoeee a ?innee ia i?ienoiaeyo eaaeaeue aiae.

Ia naiii aeaea enoi?ey – e ?innee, e ae?oaeo no?ai – oaaaeeoaeueii
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i oii, /oi oi/ea c?aiey, niaeanii eioi?ie iauanoaaiiay
nenoaia, no?ie, nioeeaeueiua no?oeoo?u e iaoaieciu ii?aaeaeytho e
yaeythony i?e/eiie oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe e oniaoiiai ?acaeoey iauanoaa, –
yaeyaony aaniethoii iaaa?iie!

Ai-ia?auo, iiaeii i?eaanoe ecaanoiue i?eia? n iieeoe/aneeie nenoaiaie
?aciuo no?ai. Neaaeai, NOA, O?A, O?aioeey, Eoaeey, Oeieyiaeey,
Oaaeoea?ey, THaeiay Ei?ay, Neiaaio? – ?anioaeeee. Ii e Aeaaiey, Yoeiiey,
Aiaiea, Aoaaienoai, Ieea?aaoa – oiaea ?anioaeeee. Aaeeeia?eoaiey,
Oaaoeey, Ii?aaaey, Aeaiey, ssiiiey – eiinoeoooeeiiiua iiia?oee. Ii e
Ei?aeaiey, Iaiae, Ia?ieei, Eanioi – oaeaea eiinoeoooeeiiiua iiia?oee.

Ionthaea aeaeii, /oi no?aiu n iaeiie e oie aea iieeoe/aneie nenoaiie
iiaoo eiaoue niaa?oaiii ?aciua o?iaie oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe e ?acaeoey. E,
iaiai?io, no?aiu n ?aciuie iieeoe/aneeie nenoaiaie iiaoo auoue
aeiaieueii aeeceeie ii noaiaie oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe.

I?eia?ii oi aea naiia iiaeii neacaoue e ia yeiiiie/aneie nenoaia
iauanoaa. Aio i?eia? ec iaoaai ioiineoaeueii iaaeaaiaai a?aiaie, eiaaea
i?aaeee eiiioienou. ?yaeii iaoiaeyony aeaa eieoica. E a iaeiii e a
ae?oaii – eieeaeoeaiay oi?ia nianoaaiiinoe, oi anoue, iiaeii neacaoue (n
iaeioi?ie aeieae oneiaiinoe, eiia/ii), /oi e oai, e oai – iaeeiaeiaua
“yeiiiie/aneea nenoaiu”. Ii iaeei eieoic – ieeeeiia?, a ae?oaie –
oauoi/ai, e “o?iaie aeecie” ethaeae a oii e a ae?oaii aeiaieueii neeueii
?acee/athony, oioy iaa iaoiaeyony a aaniethoii ?aaiuo oneiaeyo. E anee
iaoe eieoiyu noaee “i?eo/ae ai ycuoeao” ec-ca naiae iayooaeoeaiinoe e
oauoi/iinoe, oi, neaaeai, ec?aeeueneea eeaaooeu, eioi?ua ii oi?ia
nianoaaiiinoe – oa aea eieoicu, oai ia iaiaa, ca?aeiiaiaeiaaee naay eae
aeiaieueii yooaeoeaiua i?aaei?eyoey.

Oioy, a i?eioeeia, iauaecaanoii e iauai?eciaii, /oi, eae i?aaeei,
yooaeoeaia oa yeiiiie/aneay nenoaia, eioi?ay iniiaaia ia einoeoooa
/anoiie nianoaaiiinoe; a /oi eanaaony iieeoe/aneie nenoaiu, oi i?eciaeii
aa oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe yaeyaony aeaiie?aoey. Ii o yoiai anoue naie
i?e/eiu, i eioi?uo aoaeao aiai?eoueny ieaea.

A nae/an oioaeinue au i?eaanoe aua iaeei eioa?aniue i?eia? ec
ioa/anoaaiiie enoi?ee i?ioeiai aaea. Eae iu iiiiei, i?e Aeaenaiae?a
II-i, a 60-a aiaeu i?ioeiai aaea, auei ioiaiaii e?aiinoiia i?aai
(?aoi?ia yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu) e i?iaaaeaia noaeaaiay ?aoi?ia, nooue
eioi?ie, a iniiaiii, ninoiyea ai aaaaeaiee einoeoooa i?enyaeiuo –
yeaiaioa caiaaeiiai noaeii?iecaiaenoaa. O ian iiiai aiai?eee ia yoie
?aoi?ia, ooaa?aeaeay, /oi a ?acoeueoaoa aa inouanoaeaiey o ian iiyaeeny
naiue aeaiie?aoe/aneee, naiue eo/oee a ie?a noae e o.ae., e o.i.
Iaeiaei, ethaee, eioi?ua oae ooaa?aeaeaee, ii-aeaeeiiio, i?inoi ia
iiieiaee, ca/ai aiiaua ioaeai noae a iauanoaa, a /ai aiiaua aai niune.
Iioiio /oi ia naiii aeaea oaeou e enoi?e/aneea aeieoiaiou
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho ia ia?aoiii: ia oooaeoaiee noaea, i ?aceii oaaee/aiee
iani?aaaaeeeauo i?eaiai?ia.

Noae a iauanoaa nouanoaoao aeey oiai, /oiau ii?aaeaeeoue, eoi i?aa, eoi
aeiiaao, iaeacaoue aeiiaiiai e ii?aaaeaoue iaaeiiaiiai. Oae aio, aua
Aeinoiaaneee, aeeaoee e oai?eaoee eae ?ac a oi a?aiy, ia?aoee aieiaiea
ia oi, /oi iinea aaaaeaiey einoeoooa i?enyaeiuo a noaeaaioth nenoaio
?aoaiey noaeia i?eia?aee ?acei ii?aaaeaoaeueiue oa?aeoa?. Noaeu
i?enyaeiuo auiineee ii?aaaeaoaeueiua aa?aeeeou oiaaea, eiaaea aeia
/aeiaaea auea niaa?oaiii aeieacaia. Ii, oiaaea ni?aoeaaaony, ca/ai
aiiaua ioaeai a iauanoaa oaeie noae, eioi?ue iaeeiaeiai ii?aaaeuaaao e
aeiiaiiai e iaaeiiaiiai?

O?anoiiaoeeiue i?eia? – ii?aaaeaiea noaeii i?enyaeiuo ?aaiethoeeiia?ee
Aa?u Cano/ee, no?aeyaoae e ?aieaoae iaoa?ao?aneiai a?aaeiia/aeueieea
aaia?aea O.O?aiiaa. I?anooieaiea, ca eioi?ia ia Caiaaea iia iieo/eea au
aeinoaoi/ii no?iaia iaeacaiea, a ?innee auei ii?aaaeaii, a noae, eioi?ue
aa ii?aaaeae, e aua e i?iaicaeaoaeny eae naiue “ia?aaeiaie” e
“aeaiie?aoe/aneee”.

Iaeiaei, aaaeue ia Caiaaea, ioeoaea auea iicaeinoaiaaia iiaay noaeaaiay
nenoaia, oaeiai ii?aaaeaoaeueiiai “ia?aeina” ia auei, e einoeooo
i?enyaeiuo aeaenoaeoaeueii neoaeee aieueoae iauaeoeaiinoe,
aani?eno?anoiinoe, e, a eiia/iii eoiaa, ni?aaaaeeeainoe noaea.

Eiia/ii, a ?innee e aei noaeaaiie ?aoi?iu noae ia aeenoae
iauaeoeaiinoueth e ni?aaaaeeeainoueth; ii eioa?anii oi, /oi iiiuoea aai
oeo/oeoue iooai aaaaeaiey iiaie no?oeoo?u, eee, eia/a aiai?y, iooai
eciaiaiey nenoaiu (noaeaaiie), aeaea ?acoeueoao, i?yii i?ioeaiiieiaeiue
iaeeaeaaiiio.

Ii/aio aea iaeia e oa aea no?oeoo?a a iaeiie no?aia “?aaioaao”, a a
ae?oaie iao? Aeinoiaaneee, iienuaay a “Aeiaaieea ienaoaey”
iiaio/?aaeaeaiiue noae i?enyaeiuo, n?aaieaaao aai n aiaeeeneei (n
eioi?iai ii aue neiie?iaai) e caia/aao, /oi iaoe i?enyaeiua e eo
aiaeeeneea eieeaae ii-?aciiio iuneeee e i?aaenoaaeyee naith ?ieue a
noaeaaiie nenoaia: aiaee/aia iniciaaaee naay a?aaeaeaiaie ainoaea?noaa e
iiieiaee naith ioaaonoaaiiinoue ia?aae iauanoaii ca i?eieiaaiua eie
?aoaiey; iaoe aea iiaienia/aiiua i?enyaeiua auiineee i?eaiai?, enoiaey
ec eaeeo-oi ee/iuo iiiyoee i aeia?a e cea; a /anoiinoe, iie auee neeiiiu
ii?aaaeuaaoue aeiiaiiai ec-ca oiai, /oi n/eoaee, /oi aai, iie, “n?aaea
caaea”, eee aua ii eaeie-ieaoaeue aiaeiae/iie i?e/eia. Aiaee/aia n/eoaee
/aeiaaea naiaiaeiui e ioaaonoaaiiui ca naie iinooiee – iiyoiio, ii eo
i?aaenoaaeaieyi, /aeiaae, niaa?oeaoee i?anooieaiea, naeaeae iniciaiiue
auai? e aeieaeai iiianoe niioaaonoaothuaa iaeacaiea; iaoe aea
i?enyaeiua, ii-aeaeeiiio, eiaee ianeieueei eiie iaioaeeoao,
iiae?ayoiaaathuee, /oi /aeiaae ia niiniaai aeaeaoue aiieia iniciaiiue
auai? e, neaaeiaaoaeueii, ia ianao iieiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca naie
iinooiee, iiyoiio iie e neeiiiu auee ii?aaaeuaaoue aai ii ethaui
i?e/eiai.

Ec ianoiyuaai i?eia?a i/aiue iaaeyaeii aeaeii, ii/aio iaeia e oa aea
no?oeoo?a a iaeiie no?aia “?aaioaao”, a a ae?oaie iao. I?e/eia – a
ia?aca iuoeaiey, ie?iaicc?aiee, eee, eae aua nae/an iiaeii aiai?eoue,
iaioaeeoaoa ethaeae, ooieoeeiie?othueo a aeaiiie no?oeoo?a. I?e iaeiii
iaioaeeoaoa no?oeoo?a “?aaioaao”, i?e ae?oaii – iao.

Iiaeii, eiia/ii, aic?aceoue, /oi ni a?aiaiai i?enyaeiua iao/eeenue au
auiineoue i?aaeeueiua ?aoaiey, iiaay “nenoaia” iao/eea au; oi anoue
iiaeii i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi iiae aeeeoaeueiui aicaeaenoaeai iiaie
no?oeoo?u o ethaeae iinoaiaiii neiaeeeny au e iiaue, niioaaonoaothuee
yoie no?oeoo?a iaioaeeoao.

E caeanue iu iiaeioee e aua iaeiiio aaaeiiio aii?ino: eae niioiinyony
iaaeaeo niaie nioeeaeueiay no?oeoo?a e iuoeaiea ethaeae, aeaenoaothueo a
aeaiiie no?oeoo?a, /oi ec ieo, oae neacaoue, “ia?ae/iaa”? Nenoaia
ii?aaeaeyao iaioaeeoao, eee iaiai?io, iaioaeeoao ii?aaeaeyao nenoaio?
Iaoe ?aoi?iaoi?u-caiaaeieee, e i?eia?o, n/eoatho, /oi no?oeoo?a
“ia?ae/iaa” anaai: iia ii?aaeaeyao e iuoeaiea ethaeae e eo
oeeaeeeciaaiiinoue e eo aeaaininoiyiea e o.ae. Ionthaea, ii eo iiaieth,
caaea/a ninoieo a oii, /oiau iaeoe aio yoo “naioth eo/ooth” no?oeoo?o,
eioi?ay e ?aoeo ana i?iaeaiu. A aaea aa acyoue? Iiniio?aoue, eaeea
no?aiu naiua aiaaoua, oeeaeeeciaaiiua e “?acaeoua” e iinoa?aoueny
neiie?iaaoue no?oeoo?u, nouanoaothuea o ieo.

Iaeiaei, ia yoii iooe ?aoi?iaoi?ia-caiaaeieeia, eae i?aaeei, aeaeaei
?aci/a?iaaiea. Iiyoue aea, aniiiiei ?aoi?iu Aeaenaiae?a II. Noae
i?enyaeiuo ni a?aiaiai ioithaeue ia noae auiineoue ?aoaiey, aaeaeaaoiua
i?anooieaieyi: iai?eia?, noae, ii?aaaeaaoee Aa?o Canoee/, ninoiyeny a
1878 aiaeo, a oi a?aiy eae noaeaaiay ?aoi?ia auea i?iaaaeaia a 1864 –
1866 aiaeao, e oiaaea aea auea caia/aia Aeinoiaaneei yoa aa
“ii?aaaeaoaeueiay aieaciue”. Eae aeaeei, aeaaiaaeoeaoe eao ieacaeinue
yaii iaaeinoaoi/ii aeey oiai, /oiau iiaay noaeaaiay nenoaia noi?ie?iaaea
e niioaaonoaothuaa ae iiaia ie?iaicc?aiea ethaeae, a iae
ooieoeeiie?othueo.

A aaaeue oai a?aiaiai “ae?iaa” i?iaeieaeaee “eiiaoueny”. ?aceee ?ino
iieeoe/aneiai oa??i?ecia e ?aaiethoeeiiiuo iano?iaiee iinea
inaiaiaeeoaeueiuo ?aoi?i Aeaenaiae?a II ai iiiaii auee neaaenoaeyie
yoiai “naiy” a ?aaioa ainoaea?noaaiiie iaoeiu a iaeanoe
noaeii?iecaiaenoaa – ii?aaaeaiey aeiiaiiai.

E?iia oiai, eae iu iiiiei, iaeiie ec aeaaiuo ninoaaeythueo ?aoi?i
Aeaenaiae?a II yaeyeanue ioiaia e?aiinoiiai i?aaa. Yoi auei oi, /oi
iau/ii iacuaatho ?aoi?iie yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu. Io e /oi, eciaieea ee
yoa “?aoi?ia nenoaiu” niciaiea ethaeae, noaee ee iie aioo?aiia, ii
naiaio ie?iaicc?aieth, aieaa naiaiaeiuie e oeeaeeeciaaiiuie?

Enoi?ey iieacaea, /oi ioaao iaeiicia/ai: iao, ia eciaieea. Oio oaeo, /oi
ai a?aiy a?aaeaeaineie aieiu e?anoueyinoai, a iniiaiii, iiaeaea?aeaei
e?aniuo (iioiio, nianoaaiii aiai?y, iineaaeiea e iiaaaeeee), aiai?eo i
oii, /oi aai iaioaeeoao ca 56 eao (a?aiy, i?ioaaeoaa io iiiaioa ioiaiu
e?aiinoiiai i?aaa a 1861 aiaeo aei aieueoaaenoneie ?aaiethoeee 1917
aiaea) inoaeny iaeciaiiui. E i?aae?aaiethoeeiiiua iiiuoee Noieuieia
i?eaeoue e?anoueyiai “a?aaeaeaineia naiiniciaiea” iooai iaaeaeaiey eo
caiaeueiie nianoaaiiinoueth ieii/eeenue iaoaea/ae.

E Aeaenaiae? II, e Noieuiei auee oaie, eiai iacuaatho
?aoi?iaoi?aie-caiaaeieeaie, Iie i?aaeiieaaaee, /oi oeeaeeeciaaiiinoue
Caiaaea yaeyaony neaaenoaeai neiaeeaoeony oai iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneeo
nenoai, nioeeaeueiuo no?oeoo? e einoeoooia e aa?eee, /oi eiie?iaaiea
iaie yoeo “nenoai” e no?oeoo? iiauneo e iaoo oeeaeeeciaaiiinoue. E
?aoi?iaoi?ai yoiai oeia iiaeii ioianoe e ainoaea?noaaiiuo aeayoaeae
iaoaai a?aiaie – Ai?aa/aaa, Aeueoeeia e o.ae.

Nouanoaoao, iaeiaei, aua iaeei aeae ?aoi?iaoi?ia nenoai, eioi?uo iiaeii
iacaaoue ?aoi?iaoi?aie-oaioaca?aie: e iei iiaeii ioianoe aieueoaaeeia ai
aeaaa n Eaieiui, aea e aiiaua, eiiioienoia e nioeeaeenaia. Io
?aoi?iaoi?ia-caiaaeieeia iie ioee/athony oieueei oai, /oi n/eoatho
eaeaaeii e ia?acoeii nenoaio, i?eaeoiaiioth, iaoai- oace?iaaiioth
eaeei-eeai oeeinioii (eee a?oiiie oeeinioia); a neo/aa n aieueoaaeeaie
yoi – Ia?en e oeeiniou-ooiienou: Nai-Neiii, Oo?uea, Ioyi e ae?oaea.

Iaeiaei n ?aoi?iaoi?aie-caiaaeieeaie eo ?iaeieo oi, /oi iie, oaeaea eae
e oa, n/eoatho iaiaoeaae io anao aaae eaeaaeueioth nenoaio,
ii?aaeaeythuoth iuoeaiea e ie?iaicc?aiea ethaeae. Eia/a aiai?y, e oa, e
ae?oaea aa?yo a enoeiiinoue ia?enenoneiai iinooeaoa “auoea ii?aaeaeyao
niciaiea”, n eioi?ui iu ana oi?ioi ciaeiiu. Iiiieoa, ian o/eee, /oi
eiaaea iu “iino?iei eiiioieci”, oi e iuoeaiea iaoa eciaieony, iu noaiai
“niciaoaeueiuie” e ia iiaaaeei a iaaacei (eee ia neeaae?) iaae?aoue naaa
aanieaoii ia oaeyao anyeia aa?aoei.

Enoi?ey, iaeiaei, oaaaeeoaeueii iieacaea, /oi iaa oeia ?aoi?iaoi?ia
ioeaaeenue, n/eoay, /oi iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneay nenoaia ii?aaeaeyao
iaioaeeoao ethaeae e eo o?iaaiue oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe e aeaaininoiyiey.

E, iaaeaeo i?i/ei, yoa eo oi/ea c?aiey – ioithaeue ia oieueei iaoa, oae
neacaoue, “iaoeeiiaeueiia” caaeoaeaeaiea.

Iai?eia?, eiaaea A?eoaiey auea eieiieaeueiie eiia?eae, aiaee/aia /anoi
iuoaeenue i?eaeoue ianoiui ieaiaiai oi?iu i?aaeaiey, i?eiyoua a Aiaeee;
iuoaeenue, neaaeai, o/?aaeaeaoue “ia?eaiaio” – /oiau aii?inu ieaiaie
?aoaeenue ia oieueei aiaeaeai, ii e ae?oaeie ethaeueie. Iie iaaeayeenue
naeaeaoue oaeei ia?acii aai?eaaiia aieaa oeeaeeeciaaiiuie ethaeueie. Ii,
eae i?aaeei, ie/aai ec yoie caoae ia auoiaeeei.

Oi/ii oae aea e iaoe ?aoi?iu iieeoe/aneie nenoaiu i?e Ai?aa/aaa e
Aeueoeeia – aaaaeaiea iiiaiia?oeeiinoe, caoai o/?aaeaeaiea einoeoooia
i?aceaeaioa, ia?eaiaioa, nenoaiu “?acaeaeaiey aeanoae” – ia i?eaaaeee
iaoae no?aia aeaiie?aoe/iinoe e oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe.

Eoae, enoi?e/aneea oaeou (oae neacaoue, ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioia ii
?aoi?ie?iaaieth nenoai) naeaeaoaeuenaaotho, /oi yoi ?aoi?ie?iaaiea
ieeiaaea ia i?eaiaeeei e aeaeaaiui ?acoeueoaoai. Eia/a aiai?y, iiiuoea
?aoeoue /aeiaa/aneea i?iaeaiu iooai eciaiaiey eee ?aoi?iu eaeie-eeai
iauanoaaiiie no?oeoo?u iaeciaiii ieai/eaaeanue iaoaea/ae.

Yoi caaeoaeaeaiea ianoieueei ?ani?ino?aiaii e ianoieueei oa?aeoa?ii aeey
nia?aiaiiiai iuoeaiey, /oi, iiaeaeoe, aeaaea eiaao niune i?eaeoiaoue
oa?iei aeey aai iaicia/aiey. Aiciiaeii, iii e ia iniciaii a aeieaeiie
noaiaie iioiio, /oi ionoonoaoao niioaaonoaothuay oa?ieiieiaey. Ae?aooea,
iii yaeyaony ie/ai eiui, eae ?aeeaeiciie aa?ie /aeiaaea a Nenoaio –
eiaaea ii aeoiaao, /oi iaeay Nenoaia, neiaii Aia, iiaeao yaeyoueny
enoi/ieeii n/anouey e aeaaiaeainoaey aeey ethaeae. Iiyoiio y au e
i?aaeeiaeee ninoaaeoue oaeie oa?iei ec ia/aeueiuo aoea o?acu
“?aeeaeiciay aa?a a Nenoaio”. Iieo/aaony /oi-oi a?iaea “?aaa?necia”.

Iaaeaeo i?i/ei, ioeai/iinoue yoiai “?aaa?necia” iiaeia/aeanue
auaeathueieny iuneeoaeyie i?ioeiai. Aniiiiei oioy au aanith E.A.E?ueiaa
“Eaa?oao” – aaaeue iia eae ?ac iinayuaia eiaiii yoiio yaeaieth:

I?ieacieoea-ia?ouoea, inae, eicae aea einieaiue ieoea Caoayee nua?aoue
eaa?oao…

Iaeiaei, eae iu iiiiei, i?e ia?aie iiiuoea iocuea ia iieo/eeanue. E aio
ia?ouoea i?aaeeaaaao neaaeothuaa ?aoaiea i?iaeaiu: iaaei ia?ananoue n
ianoa ia ianoi, ?acianoeoueny ae?oa ioiineoaeueii ae?oaa ii-ae?oaiio,
oiaaea, iia niaa?oaiii oaa?aia, “o ian caieyooo ean e ai?u!”

Caa?e aa iineooaeenue, naeaeaee, eae iia i?aaeeiaeeea: iaeiaei, iiyoue
“eaa?oao… ia eaae iaeaeao”. Oiaaea inae i?aaeeiaeee niiaa
?aniieiaeeoueny ii-ae?oaiio – e iiyoue oio aea ?acoeueoao…

Yoi – y?eee i?eia? ?acae?aaiiai iaie oeia iuoeaiey, eioi?ia iu iacaaee
“?aaa?neciii”. E ia?ouoea, e inae iuoathony ?aoeoue caaea/o iooai
eciaiaiey no?oeoo?u (a ?iee oaeie ieie-no?oeoo?u caeanue aunooiaao
a?oiia caa?ae, ?aciauaiiuo ae?oa ioiineoaeueii ae?oaa ii?aaeaeaiiui
ia?acii). E?ueia caeanue a a?ioaneiie, ia?iaeeeiie oi?ia iieacuaaao, /oi
aea, ii nooe, iuoathony iau/ii aeaeaoue ?aoi?iaoi?u iauanoaaiiuo nenoai.
Iaeiaei, a ioee/ea io ieo, caa?yi a aania oaaoeei aeaoo iaoaea/iuo
iiiuoie, /oiau caaeoiaoueny iaae i?aaeeueiinoueth eo iiaeoiaea e
ia?aoeoueny e nieiaueth ca niaaoii.

E /oi aea ei iiniaaoiaae nieiaae? Ii oaeaeae i?e/eio aiana ia a
iai?aaeeueiii ?aciauaiee ae?oa ioiineoaeueii ae?oaa, a a i/aiue i?inoii
oaeoa: ionoonoaee o eaaeaeiai /eaia aeaiiie a?oiiu neooa e oiaiey
ea?aoue:

*oia iocueaioai auoue, oae iaaeiaii oiaiuea E ooe aaoeo iiiaaeiae…

E a eiioea eiioeia i?eoiaeeo e iaooaoeoaeueiiio auaiaeo:

A au, ae?ocuey, eae ie naaeeoanue, Ana a iocieaiou ia aiaeeoanue.

“Ii?aeue nae aanie” aeey ian oaeiaa, /oi aanniuneaiii iuoaoueny ?aoaoue
iaoe i?iaeaiu iooai eciaiaiey e ia?ano?ieee iauanoaaiiuo no?oeoo?.

Anee, oneiaii aiai?y, Caiaae – yoi eae au “eaa?oao”, o eioi?iai)
“iocuea” iieo/aaony, a iu eae au iioiaee ia e?ueianeee eaa?oao, eioi?ue
“ia eaae iaeaeao”, oi iu ia niiaeai “nua?aoue iocueo”, aeaaea anee
“?annyaeainy” oi/ii oae aea, eae caiaaeiue “eaa?oao”.

Nieiaae i?e/eio oeacae /aoei: ionoonoaea neooa e oiaiey ea?aoue. A
i?eiaiaiee e /aeiaa/aneiio iauanoao yoi aiaeiae/ii ia?aco iuoeaiey,
ie?iaicc?aieth. Oaeei ia?acii, iaoa ionoaaaiea io Caiaaea ii?aaeaeyaony
ia ?acee/eai nenoai e no?oeoo?, a ?acee/eai iaioaeeoaoia. E,
ii-aeaeeiiio, no?oeoo?u e nenoaiu naie yaeythony neaaenoaeyie
ii?aaeaeaiiiai ie?iaicc?aiey ethaeae. Eia/a aiai?y, ia no?oeoo?a
ii?aaeaeyao iaioaeeoao, a, iaiai?io, iaioaeeoao – no?oeoo?o. Ia “auoea
ii?aaeaeyao niciaiea”, a, iaiai?io, niciaiea ethaeae ii?aaeaeyao eo
auoea, – a i/a?aaeiie ?ac Ia?en ieacaeny i?aa n oi/iinoueth aei
iaiai?io.

Iiyoiio, anee iu oioei noaoue aieaa oeeaeeeciaaiiuie, iaiyoue iaaei
i?aaeaea anaai ie?iaicc?aiea e ia?ac iuoeaiey, a nenoaia, anee iia
ieioa, – eciaieony naia, eae neaaenoaea.

Aeey iaaeyaeiinoe i?eaaaeai iaeei aano?aeoiue i?eia?. Aeiionoei, aeeaao
aaea-oi a aeaeoiaeyo ieaiy ethaeiaaeia. I?aaenoaaei, /oi iu i?eoee e iei
e ?aoeee naeaeaoue eo oeeaeeeciaaiiuie ethaeueie. Anoanoaaiii, a ia?aoth
i/a?aaeue iaiaoiaeeii, /oiau iie ia?anoaee ethaeiaaenoaiaaoue. Eae yoi
naeaeaoue?

Ia?anoaioo ee iie anoue ae?oa ae?oaa, anee, aeiionoei, o/?aaeeoue o ieo
ia?eaiaio? Eee nenoaio ?acaeaeaiey aeanoae, “naea?aeae e i?ioeaiaania”,
eae a NOA? Eee, anee aaanoe a eo “noaeaaioth nenoaio” noae i?enyaeiuo,
iiaeao, oiaaea iie eni?aayony e ia?anoaioo eaiieaaeuenoaiaaoue? Ethaee,
eioi?ua aa?yo a oi, /oi nenoaia ii?aaeaeyao iaioaeeoao, /oi iia, oae
neacaoue, “ia?ae/ia” ii ioiioaieth e iaio, neaaeoo: “aea, eiia/ii, anee
noi?ie?iaaoue o ieo no?oeoo?u, nouanoaothuea a eoeueoo?iuo no?aiao, aaea
iao ethaeiaaenoaa, oi yoe no?oeoo?u naie ii naaa eciaiyo iaioaeeoao
aeeea?ae e iie ia?anoaioo anoue ae?oa ae?oaa”.

Iia, iaeiaei, aeoiaaony eia/a. Ethaee iiaoo ia?anoaoue
ethaeiaaenoaiaaoue oieueei a iaeiii neo/aa: anee iie naie, aeia?iaieueii
ioeaaeoony io naiaai ethaeiaaenoaa, naeaeaa oaeei ia?acii naiaiaeiue,
iniciaiiue auai?.

Aeey oaaaeeoaeueiinoe – aua iaeei aano?aeoiue i?eia?. O ian i?eiyoi
n/eoaoue, /oi naia ii naaa aeaiie?aoey aeaeaao iauanoai naiaiaeiui e
oeeaeeeciaaiiui. Iaeiei ec nouanoaaiiuo i?eciaeia aeaiie?aoee yaeyaony
auai?iinoue aeanoe, eiaaea ia?iae nai auae?aao naaa aiaeaey.
Iiae?acoiaaaaony, /oi ia?iae, eiia/ii aea, auaa?ao iaeaieaa aeinoieiiai
e, oae neacaoue, “oiiiai” ec anao aiciiaeiuo eaiaeeaeaoia.

Iaeiaei, eae-oi ia caia/aaony iaeii naeaeaiiia i?e yoii “iaeaiueeia”
i?iecaieueiia aeiiouaiea: /oi ia?iae “aeinoaoi/ii oiai”, /oiau aua?aoue
yoiai “naiiai oiiiai”.

I?aaenoaaei, iaeiaei, /oi iiaeaaeythuaa aieueoeinoai ia?iaea ninoieo ec
aeo?aeia. Iiaeioee auai?u e ia?iae noae aieiniaaoue. Auaa?ao ee ii
“naiiai oiiiai”? ssnii, /oi iao, oae eae yoi auei au naii ii naaa
“oiiia” ?aoaiea, a yoi i?ioeai?a/eei au naeaeaiiiio aeiiouaieth i
aeoiinoe aieueoeinoaa.

ssnii, /oi “aeoiue” ia?iae auaa?ao, niioaaonoaaiii, e “aeoiiai” aiaeaey.
Aeaenoaeoaeueii, ethaee aaaeue neeiiiu auae?aoue oao, eoi eiaao oaeea
aea, eae o ieo, acaeyaeu e iiaiey, iiyoiio iie auaa?oo oaeiai aea
“aeoiiai” /aeiaaea, eae e iie naie.

Iaeiaei, aaaeue aua?aiiue “aeoiui” ia?iaeii “aeoiue” aiaeaeue aoaeao
i?eieiaoue “aeoiua”, aeaaeueiua aeey ainoaea?noaa ?aoaiey, e oaeei
ia?acii, ainoaea?noai, niaethaey ana i?aaeea aeaiie?aoee, iiaeaiao.

Oaeei ia?acii, iu aeaeei, /oi aeey nouanoaiaaiey e ooieoeeiie?iaaiey
aeaiie?aoe/aneiai ainoaea?noaa eiatho cia/aiea a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue
iaioaeueiua, aeooiaiua oa?aeoa?enoeee ia?iaea. Anee ia?iae aeoi, oi ii e
ecaa?ao aeoiiai, eioi?ue ?ac?ooeo yoi aeaiie?aoe/aneia ainoaea?noai
aeoiuo; anee ia?iae oiai, oi ii e ecaa?ao oiiiai, eioi?ue nio?aieo yoi
aeaiie?aoe/aneia ainoaea?noai oiiuo; e, i/aaeaeii, onoie/eainoue e
i?ioeaaoaiea aeaiie?aoe/aneiai ainoaea?noaa i?iii?oeeiiaeueiu eiee/anoao
aeeaoueo a iai “oiiuo” e ia?aoii i?iii?oeeiiaeueiu eiee/anoao a iai
“aeoiuo”.

Ii anee i?ioeaaoaiea ainoaea?noaa caaeneo oieueei io eiee/anoaa aeeaoueo
a iai “oiiuo”, oi i?e/ai oiaaea ooo aiiaua aeaiie?aoey? Ioaao i/aaeaeai.
I?aaenoaaei naaa, /oi anoue iaeia ainoaea?noai, aaea aieueoeinoai –
“oiiua”, e eioi?ia iioaioeeaeueii, a neo/aa auai?ia, iiaeao eca?aoue a
aiaeaee “oiiiai”. Iaeiaei, anee a iai iao aeaiie?aoee, oi aicieeaao
aa?iyoiinoue oiai, /oi a ?acoeueoaoa iieeoe/aneeo eio?ea e aeanoe
i?eaeao i?aaenoaaeoaeue “aeoiiai” iaiueoeinoaa. Iieo/ea aeanoiua
iieiiii/ey, ii, aoaeo/e “aeoiui”, anoanoaaiii, aoaeao i?eieiaoue
“aeoiua” ?aoaiey, eioi?ua ?ac?ooao yoi ainoaea?noai “oiiuo”. Oae aio,
aeaiie?aoey (eae oa?aeoa?enoeea iieeoe/aneie nenoaiu, eiaaea ethaee
i?eoiaeyo e aeanoe ia iooai eaeeo-oi caeoeeniuo aeaenoaee e iieeoe/aneeo
eio?ea, a ioe?uoi, iooai auai?ia e aieiniaaiey) yaeyaony n?aaenoaii
i?ioea i?eoiaea e aeanoe neo/aeiuo ethaeae, eioi?uo ieeoi ia ciaao.
Oaeei ia?acii, a neo/aa, anee a iauanoaa anoue aeinoaoi/iia eiee/anoai
“oiiuo”, oi aeaiie?aoey yaeyaony n?aaenoaii, iicaieythuei e aeanoe
i?eoiaeeoue eiio-oi ec yoeo “oiiuo”, a ia neo/aeiui ethaeyi, i eioi?uo
ia ecaanoii – “oiiu” iie eee “aeoiu”.

Eoae, aeaiie?aoey eiaao, eiia/ii, aieueoia cia/aiea e oeaiiinoue, – ii
ia naia ii naaa, a eae i?oaeea, iaiaoiaeeiia oieueei aeey oaeiai
ainoaea?noaa, a eioi?ii anoue aeinoaoi/iia eiee/anoai “oiiuo” ethaeae;
iia iiiiaaao nio?aieoue e i?eaanoe e i?ioeaaoaieth oieueei oaeia
ainoaea?noai. Iia ieeiaaea ia niiaeao i?aaeioa?aoeoue aeaaeue e
?ac?ooaiea ainoaea?noaa “aeoiuo”, nei?aa, iaiai?io, iia naeaeaao yoi
?ac?ooaiea aua aieaa iaioa?aoeiui. Aaaeue anee i?e aa ionoonoaee a
ainoaea?noaa “aeoiuo” (aaea, aeiionoei, ana-oaee eiaaony ieca?iia
eiee/anoai “oiiuo”) anoue iaeaiueeay aa?iyoiinoue neo/aeiiai i?eoiaea e
aeanoe iooai caeoeeniuo eio?ea eiai-oi ec “oiiuo”, oi i?e aeaiie?aoee
oaeay aa?iyoiinoue naiaeeony e ioeth e ainoaea?noai “aeoiuo” ?acaaeeony
iaieioaii.

Eiia/ii, ana yoe auoai?eaaaeaiiua i?eia?u ia “oiiuo” e “aeoiuo”, i
ethaeiaaeao – anoue aano?aeoeee, ii, niaeaneiny, /oiau aiaeece?iaaoue
?aaeueiue ie? aaeaeaaoiui ia?acii, /anoi i?eoiaeeony aano?aae?iaaoueny
io /anoiinoae.

A eoiaa aea anao yoeo ?annoaeaeaiee i aeaiie?aoee iu i?eoee e
neaaeothuaio auaiaeo: aeaiie?aoey, acyoay naia ii naaa, ia aeaeaao
ainoaea?noai oeeaeeeciaaiiui e i?ioeaaoathuei, iineaaeiaa aeaeaaony
oaeiaui ii ae?oaei i?e/eiai; i?e/eiu yoe ei?aiyony a niciaiee
(iaioaeueiinoe) ethaeae, iie ii?aaeaeythony /aeiaa/aneeie acaeyaeaie e
onoaiiaeaie. Iaei oiai, naia aea e aeaiie?aoey yaeyaony neaaenoaeai oie
aea /aeiaa/aneie iaioaeueiinoe.

Iaeiaei, aaaeue oi aea naiia iu aeaeaee e a i?aaeuaeoueo i?eia?ao n
noaeii i?enyaeiuo e n aeeaioiuie ec aanie E?ueiaa, Aeaenoaeoaeueii, anee
au e?ueianeea caa?e eiaee au ae?oaea iaioaeueiua oa?aeoa?enoeee, oi
anoue iaeaaeaee au neooii e oiaee au ea?aoue ia iocueaeueiuo
eino?oiaioao, oi o ieo e eaa?oao “iioae au ia eaae” e iioeiaeueiia
acaeii?aniieiaeaiea auei au iaeaeaii; anee au ?inneeneea noaeuee eiaee
ie?iaicc?aiea aiaeeeneeo, oi noae i?enyaeiuo ia oieueei ooieoeeiie?iaae
au oae aea oniaoii, eae e a Aiaeee, ii e aaiaeeoue aai ia i?eoeinue au
oea?th naa?oo, – yoa nenoaia auea au nicaeaia, i/aaeaeii, ?inneeneeie
noaeaie nieco.

Iiaeuoiaeeaay neacaiiia, iiaeii ooaa?aeaeaoue neaaeothuaa: anee
iauai?eiyoui (eee, ii e?aeiae ia?a, i/aiue ?ani?ino?aiaiiui) yaeyaony
acaeyae, niaeanii eioi?iio iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneay nenoaia ia?ae/ia e
ii?aaeaeyao oeeaeeeciaaiiinoue iauanoaa e iaioaeeoao ethaeae, oi ia
naiii aeaea, enoeiia ae?oaay noaia: ia?ae/ai iaioaeeoao, e ii oaea
ii?aaeaeyao e oeeaeeeciaaiiinoue, e niioaaonoaothuoth nenoaio.

Oiaaea i/aaeaeii, /oi aeey ?aoaiey i?iaeai iaaei eneaoue ia
iioeiaeueioth nenoaio e ia noia?oi?iooth no?oeoo?o, a eneaoue ioeaee a
ie?iaicc?aiee, eioi?ua i?eaiaeyo e yoei i?iaeaiai. Iaaei noa?aoueny
ii?aaeaeeoue i?aaeeueiinoue eee iai?aaeeueiinoue eaeeo-oi acaeyaeia e
onoaiiaie, ii?aaeaeythueo iaoe ?aoaiey, a ia iuoaoueny ?aoaoue i?iaeaiu
iooai ecia?aoaiey eee aiaae?aiey eaeeo-eeai iiauo no?oeoo? e iaoaieciia.
I?iua aiai?y, eneaoue iaaei E n o e i o, a oi a?aiy eae o ian iinoiyiii
ana euoo N e n o a i o.

Iaeiaei, aaaeue aeaaea ia auoiaii o?iaia ana iu ciaai, /oi, /ai
i?aaeeueiaa iu iuneei, oai, a?oai aiai?y, “eo/oa aeeaai”. *ai iaiueoa
ioeaie a iaoai ie?iaicc?aiee, oai iaiueoa e iaoaea/ a aeecie. Iai?eia?,
i?aaenoaaei /aeiaaea, eioi?ue, ia ciaao, /oi i?e iaaeaiee n aieueoie
auniou iiaeii ?acaeoueny. Ii auoiaeeo a iaaacei… n aaeeiia naiae
eaa?oe?u ia 14-i yoaaea e, anoanoaaiii, iiaeaaao. Eia/a aiai?y, ioeaea a
aai ie?iiiieiaiee (iaciaiea oiai oaeoa, /oi, anee ii ni?uaiao, oi
?aciaueaony) i?eaiaeeo a yoii neo/aa e aai aeaaee.

Oi/ii oaeaea, anee ?anniao?eaaoue iauanoai a oeaeii, eae niaieoiiinoue
ethaeae, oi /ai i?aaeeueiaa iaioaeeoao ethaeae a iauanoaa, /ai iaiaa oai
?ani?ino?aiaiu ioeai/iua acaeyaeu e noaeaeaiey, oai, aeaeeii, aeaiiia
iauanoai aoaeao aieaa, oae neacaoue, “?acaeoi” e oeeaeeeciaaii.

Oaeei ia?acii, anee, aeiionoei, anoue aeaa no?aiu: iaeia ionoaeay,
ae?oaay “ia?aaeiaay”, oi yoi icia/aao, /oi a ionoaeie no?aia o ethaeae
i?inoi aieueoa iaaa?iuo, ioeai/iuo acaeyaeia, /ai a “ia?aaeiaie”. E
iiyoiio, /oiau ionoaeie no?aia noaoue “ia?aaeiaie”, ae ioaeii a ia?aoth
i/a?aaeue iaiyoue acaeyaeu, eaeaieiaeth, ie?iaicc?aiea, a ia Nenoaio.
Iineaaeiyy aea iinea yoiai eciaiyaony naia – eae neaaenoaea.

Nenoaia nicaeaaony ethaeueie. Eaeiau acaeyaeu yoeo ethaeae, eaeiai eo
ie?iaicc?aiea – oaeiaa iieo/eony e nenoaia.

Aio, iai?eia?, neiaeeeanue o ian ai a?aiaia i?aaeaiey eiiioienoia oae
iacuaaaiay aaeieieno?aoeaii-oicyenoaaiiay nenoaia, eioi?oth ana
ni?aaaaeeeai ?oaaee, n/eoay, /oi iia yaeyaony i?e/eiie ionoaeinoe a
yeiiiieea.

Ii aaaeue iia noi?ie?iaaeanue ia naia ii naaa, ia iacaaeneii io niciaiey
e aiee ethaeae, iia auea nicaeaia ethaeueie n ii?aaeaeaiiuie
ie?iaicc?ai/aneeie onoaiiaeaie, aeaaiie ec eioi?uo auei iiaiea, /oi
einoeooo /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe a?aaeai aeey /aeiaa/aneiai iauanoaa.
Niioaaonoaaiii yoei acaeyaeai e auea nicaeaia yeiiiie/aneay nenoaia, a
eioi?ie niaa?oaiii niciaoaeueii einoeoooo /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe ianoa ia
ioaiaeeeinue. Ieeaeiai “iauaeoeaiiai ?acaeoey /aeiaa/aneiai iauanoaa”,
eioi?ia, ii iiaieth ia?enenoia, o?aaoao ioiaiu /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe, iu
caeanue ia iaaethaeaai. *anoioth nianoaaiiinoue ioiaiytho ethaee,
eioi?ua n/eoatho, /oi iia a?aaeia.

Ii aio e aeanoe i?eoee ethaee, eioi?ua aeaiiia iiaiea ia ?acaeaeytho.
Anoanoaaiii, iie iuoathony aaanoe a yeiiiie/aneoth nenoaio yoio
einoeooo. Iaeiaei, yoi oaeaaony n i/aiue aieueoei o?oaeii e
ecaea?aeeaie.

Ii, aniiiiei, aaaeue e ?aiueoa eiaaoea ianoi a enoi?ee ?innee iiiuoee
aaanoe a yeiiiie/aneoth nenoaio einoeooo /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe eiaee
aeiaieueii ioiineoaeueiue oniao e anaaaea i?ioiaeeee n aieueoei o?oaeii
e ecaea?aeeaie. E IYI, e noieuieineea ?aoi?iu, e ioiaia e?aiinoiiai
i?aaa i?e Aeaenaiae?a II… Yoi aeaaaei iniiaaiea neaayiioeeai
ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi o ?onneeo iniaue “aeoo eieeaeoeaecia”, eioi?ue
i?aiyonoaoao aiaae?aieth e onoaiiaeaieth /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe e o.ae.

Ia Caiaaea aea einoeooo /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe aeinoaoi/ii anoanoaaiai.
Oai ieeiaaea ia i?eoiaeeeinue /a?ac oaeea ioee, eae o ian, aai
ianaaeaeaoue. E iiyoue aea, iiaoi?th, /oi ia Caiaaea ieeoi ieeiaaea ia
no?iee oae iacuaaaiue “eaieoaeeci”. Oai ii aiciee, oae neacaoue,
“anoanoaaiiui ia?acii”.

Ii “aiciee anoanoaaiiui ia?acii” – yoi e icia/aao, /oi ii noi?ie?iaaeny
eae neaaenoaea ii?aaeaeaiiiai iaioaeeoaoa ethaeae. E oio oaeo, /oi
einoeooo /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe n oaeei o?oaeii i?eaeaaeny o ian e ia
noi?ie?iaaeny anoanoaaiiui iooai, aiai?eo i oii, /oi o ian aue ae?oaie
iaioaeeoao.

Caeanue, eacaeinue au, iai?aoeaaaony neaayiioeeueneee ioaao ia
iniaaiiinoe e niaoeeoe/iinoe ?onneiai ia?iaea. Ia naiii aea aeaea
nouanoaoao niaa?oaiii /aoeee ioaao aia aeeeaiiu caiaaeie/anoaa –
neaayiioeeuenoaa. Oeeiniou e oiai, e ae?oaiai iai?aaeaiey ioeaaeenue –
eaaeaeue, eiia/ii, ii-naiaio.

Anee aiai?eoue oi?iuaiii, caiaaeie/anoai iiae?acoiaaaao, /oi iaioaeeoaou
?aciuo ia?iaeia i?eia?ii iaeeiaeiau; ii e?aeiae ia?a, iie ia ianoieueei
?acee/athony, /oiau ia iiaea i?eaeoueny eiay nenoaia. Iiyoiio, anee
eaeie-ieaoaeue ia?iae aieaa oeeaeeeciaai, oi iie iauyniytho yoi aieaa
“ia?aaeiaie” nenoaiie, eioi?oth iiaeii “i?eaeoue” ae?oaiio ia?iaeo, e
oio a ?acoeueoaoa oaeaea noaiao aieaa oeeaeeeciaaiiui.

Eo ioeaea a oii, /oi iie ia caaeathony aii?inii: a ioeoaea acyeanue o
yoiai aieaa oeeaeeeciaaiiiai ia?iaea aai aieaa “ia?aaeiaay” nenoaia?
Ii/aio o aiaee/ai e aieeaiaeoeaa “aiciee” “eaieoaeeci”, a o eiaeaeoeaa
Iaiaiiie Caiee e o iaioania Iiaie Aaeiae inoaeny “ia?aiauoiiiaueiiue”
no?ie? Anee caiaaeieee e caaeathony oaeei aii?inii, oi ioaa/atho ia iaai
i?eia?ii oae: “nenoaiu” aicieeatho o ia?iaeia neo/aeii, oae neacaoue,
“iaoiaeii i?ia e ioeaie”. Oi anoue, neo/aeii o eaeiai-eeai ia?iaea
ia?acoaony aae?oa “ia?aaeiaay” nenoaia, eioi?ay aeaeaao aeaiiue ia?iae
aieaa oeeaeeeciaaiiui, e oiaaea inoaeueiui ia?iaeai iaaei i?inoi
iinoa?aoueny e o naay “iino?ieoue” oaeoth aea “ia?aaeiaoth” nenoaio.

Yoi i?aaenoaaeaiea caiaaeieeia i neo/aeiinoe aicieeiiaaiey aieaa
“ia?aaeiaie” nenoaiu e anoue iaeii ec naiuo aeaaiuo eo caaeoaeaeaiee.

Neaayiioeeuenoai aea, iaiai?io, n/eoaao, /oi iaioaeeoaou ia?iaeia
ianoieueei ioee/athony, /oi iaaiciiaeii i?eaeoue nenoaio,
noi?ie?iaaaoothny a iaeiii ainoaea?noaa e, oae neacaoue, “i?eaiaeioth”
aeey iaeiiai ia?iaea, ae?oaiio ia?iaeo. Iaeiaei, iie aeiioneatho
ae?oaoth ioeaeo: iaioaeeoaoo eaeiai-eeai ia?iaea (eiie?aoii, neaayiai)
iie i?eaeatho eaeoth-oi iniaoth, ioee/ioth io ae?oaeo ia?iaeia
oeaiiinoue. Neaaeai, iie ooaa?aeaeatho, /oi ?onneiio ia?iaeo i?enoua
“/oanoai eieeaeoeaecia”, ii ia caaeathony aii?inii: a oi?ioi yoi eee
ieioi? Eieeaeoeaeci – yoi ii?ie eee aeia?iaeaoaeue? Aeey ieo iaioaeeoao
aeaiiiai ia?iaea oeaiai nai ii naaa.

Iiaeii neacaoue, /oi e caiaaeie/anoai e neaayiioeeuenoai yaeythony
?aciiaeaeiinoyie iaeie oi?iu eaeieiiieeiinoaa, oieueei eaeieu ?aciua: o
neaayiioeeia yoi – Ia?iae (eiie?aoii, neaayineee), o caiaaeieeia –
Nenoaia (eiie?aoii, neiaeeaoayny a aieaa ?acaeouo caiaaeiuo no?aiao).

Iiyoiio aeaenoaeoaeueii aeieiiaoueny aei enoeiu ia niiaee ie oa ie
ae?oaea.

Aeaenoaeoaeueii, eae iu oaea oaaaeeeenue, iaioaeeoao (o.a. niciaiea,
acaeyaeu, ie?iaicc?aiea ethaeae) “ia?ae/ai” ii ioiioaieth e iauanoaaiiie
nenoaia e ii?aaeaeyao noaiaiue oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe ia?iaea. ?aciua ia?iaeu
eiatho ?aciua iaioaeeoaou, ii iineaaeiea ia iaeaaeatho naie ii naaa
eaeie-oi iniaie oeaiiinoueth. Oeaiiinoueth (n oi/ee c?aiey ?acaeoey
oeeaeeecaoeee) yaeyaony noaiaiue enoeiiinoe aeaiiiai iaioaeeoaoa. Aieaa
oeeaeeeciaaiiui aoaeao oio ia?iae, a eioi?ii iaiueoaa ?acaeoea e
?ani?ino?aiaiea iieo/eee ?aciua eiaeiua acaeyaeu, iiaiey e noaeaeaiey, –
oi anoue iaioaeeoao eioi?iai aieaa enoeiai.

Ii ionthaea neaaeoao, /oi aeieaeai nouanoaiaaoue iaeee e?eoa?ee
enoeiiinoe iaioaeeoaoa. Eae aai ii?aaeaeeoue?

Aeey ioaaoa ia yoio aii?in aniiiiei i?eaaaeaiiue a i?ioeie iaoae
ioaeeeaoeee i?eia? n noaeii i?enyaeiuo e caaeaaeeiny aii?inii: ii/aio o
aiaeeeneeo noaeae aue iaeei iaioaeeoao, a o ?onneeo – ae?oaie, ii/aio
aiaee/aia n/eoaee, /oi /aeiaae ioaaonoaaiai ca naie aeaenoaey, a ?onneea
ii?aaaeuaaee /aeiaaea, n/eoay, /oi a aai i?anooieaieyo “n?aaea
aeiiaaoa”?

I?aaenoaaeaiea ia ioaaonoaaiiinoe /aeiaaea ca naie aeaenoaey, i aai
naiaiaea aeaeaoue auai? iaaeaeo aeia?ii e ceii auoaeaao ec aeaeaeneiai,
o?enoeaineiai iiieiaiey i?e?iaeu /aeiaaea e iauanoaa. E?iia oiai, a
Aeaeee iaiaeiie?aoii iiae/a?eeaaaony iaiaoiaeeiinoue ni?aaaaeeeaiai
noaea e a iae aea noi?ioee?iaai aai aeaaiue i?eioeei: ii?aaaeaiea
iaaeiiaiiai e inoaeaeaiea aeiiaiiai. “Eoi aiai?eo aeiiaiiio: “ou i?aa”,
oiai aoaeoo i?ieeeiaoue ia?iaeu, oiai aoaeoo iaiaaeaeaoue ieaiaia. A
iaee/athuea aoaeoo ethaeiu e ia ieo i?eaeao aeaaineiaaiea” (I?eo/e
24:24).

E ionthaea aeaeii aeaaiia ioee/ea iaioaeeoaoa ?inneeneeo i?enyaeiuo io
eo aiaeeeneeo eieeaa. Iaioaeeoao aiaee/ai aue aieaa, oae neacaoue
“aeaeaeneei”, o?enoeaineei, – ii aue noi?ie?iaai ia ciaiee eie Aeaeee.
Iaioaeeoao aea ?inneeneeo i?enyaeiuo oi?ie?iaaeny ia iniiaaiee eaeeo-oi
eo nianoaaiiuo aicc?aiee, eeai iiaeiuo a oi a?aiy oeeinioneeo eaeayo.
Eiaiii yoi ?acee/ea a ie?iaicc?aieyo e ii?aaeaeyei oaeea ?aciua
noaeaaiua ?aoaiey oao e ae?oaeo.

Ii, iiaeao auoue, yoi “aeaeaeneia” iuoeaiea aiaee/ai oieueei noaeaaiie
iaeanoueth e ia?aie/eaaaony?

Eioa?anii, /oi e ana ae?oaea yeaiaiou caiaaeiie oeeaeeecaoeee
(aeaiie?aoey, /anoiay nianoaaiiinoue e o.ae.) eiatho naie iniiaaiey e
enoi/ieee a Aeaeee, a aeaeaeneii iiieiaiee ie?iono?ienoaa.

Aeaeey – yoi aaeeinoaaiiue enoi/iee ec anao ?aeeaeiciuo e oeeinioneeo
o/aiee, aaea inayuaaony /anoiay nianoaaiiinoue. A eieaa Auoea (1:28) Aia
aiai?eo oieueei /oi nioai?aiiui ethaeyi: “e iaiieiyeoa caieth, e
iaeaaeaeoa ath…”

Ii iiaeii ee “iaeaaeaoue” caieae niiaua, – oae, eae “iaeaaeatho”,
iai?eia?, iaoe eieoicu e niaoicu? Aaaeue “iaeaaeaoue” eaeei-eeai
iauaeoii – cia/eo eiaoue aiciiaeiinoue i?eieiaoue ?aoaiey ioiineoaeueii
iaai. A eieeaeoeaiuo aea caiaeueiuo oicyenoaao, oaeeo, eae iaoe eieoicu
e niaoicu, i?eieiaoue ?aoaiey iiaoo eeoue ethaee, noiyuea ai aeaaa eo,
oi anoue ia/aeuenoai. Eiia/ii, a ea/anoaa eniieieoaeae i?eieiaaiuo
?aoaiee iaeioi?oth aeieth “iaeaaeaiey” iiaeii i?eienaoue e ?yaeiaui
?aaioieeai. Ii ana-oaee, ii-aeaeeiiio, iaeaieaa iieiay ?aaeecaoeey yoiai
“iaeaaeaiey caieae” aeinoeaaaony i?e /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe ia caieth, e,
iaaa?iia, caiiaaaeue “iaeaaeaoue caieae” iineo ee/iinoiue oa?aeoa?, oi
anoue naii neiai “iaeaaeaoue”, aeaeeii, iiae?acoiaaaao ee/iia aeaaeaiea,
a ia iauanoaaiiia.

Ia yoei ee iauyniyaony oaeia iaoaea?aeeiia aeaeaiea ethaeae eiaoue a
nianoaaiiinoe oioy au iaeaiueeee o/anoi/ae caiee, /oi “iiaeniciaoaeueii”
iie /oanoaotho yoo caiiaaaeue, aeaiioth ei Aiaii a naiii ia/aea eo
nioai?aiey?

Nianoaaiiinoue /anoiuo eeoe a Aeaeee ii?ie noaaeony auoa, /ai iieiiii/ey
i?aaeoaeae ainoaea?noa: eeethno?aoeeae e yoiio iiaeao neoaeeoue noaeueaa
oea?y Aoaaa e aai aeaiu Eacaaaee, eioi?ua ?aoeee, /oi iie eiatho i?aai
ioia?aoue o Iaaooay aai aeiia?aaeiee.

E, e?iia oiai, aaaeue ec aeanyoe iauaecaanoiuo aeaeaeneeo caiiaaaeae
aeaa iinayuaiu /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe. Yoi – 8-y caiiaaaeue “ia e?aaee” e
10-y caiiaaaeue: “ia aeaeae… ie/aai, /oi o aeeaeiaai oaiaai” (Enoiae
20:15, 17).

I?aaaea, iaeioi?ua ia iniiaaiee au?aaiiuo ec eiioaenoa oeeoao iuoathony
aeieacaoue, aoaeoi aeaeaeneee eaeaae – yoi iauanoaaiiay nianoaaiiinoue;
iai?eia?, /anoi oeeoe?otho ec Aeayiee Aiinoieia (4:32:”…Ieeoi ie/aai,
ec eiaiey naiaai ia iacuaae naiei, ii ana o ieo auei iauaa”. Iaeiaei, ec
eiioaenoa yoiai io?uaea neaaeoao, /oi yoi auei naeaeaii, ii-aeaeeiiio,
aeey oiai, /oiau iaania/eoue ieoaieai ia?iiiia eiee/anoai ethaeae,
i?eacaeaaoeo a oi a?aiy a Ea?onaeei ni anao eiioeia ?eineie Eiia?ee
iineooaoue i iiaie aa?a; oi anoue auei a?aiaiiie ia?ie, i?aaei?eiyoie
oieueei /oi ia?aciaaaoaeny Oea?eiaueth, a aiana ia onoaiiaeaieai aeey
yeiiiie/aneie aeecie anao ethaeae ai ana a?aiaia; ii e?aeiae ia?a, a
Aeaeee yoi i?aiiaeiineony i?inoi eae eiaaoee ianoi enoi?e/aneee oaeo, a
ia eae caiiaaaeue.

Ec anaai neacaiiiai iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi a oii iauanoaa, aaea
Aeaeey eco/aaony aeoaiei (ianoieueei, /oi ia/eiaao ii?aaeaeyoue
iaioaeeoao ethaeae), oai iaeaieaa aa?iyoii onoaiiaeaiea e oe?aieaiea
einoeoooa /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe e ooieoeeiie?iaaiea yeiiiieee ia aa
iniiaa; oai aea, aaea Aeaeeth ia ciatho, aieaa aa?iyoii onoaiiaeaiea
yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu, ia aace?othuaeny ia /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe, e,
e?iia oiai, a oaeii iauanoaa eaa/a i?eaeaathony ?acee/iua oeeinioneea
oai?ee, i?iaicaeaoathuea yoio einoeooo a?aaeiui.

No?aiu, aaea iaeaieaa iieo/eee ?acaeoea einoeooo /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe e
niioaaonoaothuay yeiiiie/aneay nenoaia (enoaoe, eiaiii eo iau/ii
iacuaatho ?acaeouie e oeeaeeeciaaiiuie), oa?aeoa?iu oai, /oi ai a?aiy
aa?iiaeneie ?aoi?iaoeee 16 – 17 aaeia a ieo ooaa?aeeeny i?ioanoaioeci –
iai?aaeaiea a o?enoeainoaa, aeaeathuaa ai?acaei aieueoee oii? ia
eco/aiea Aeaeee, iaaeaee inoaeueiua aeaa – i?aaineaaea e eaoiee/anoai.

Iiyoiio a no?aiao, aaea a ?acoeueoaoa ?aoi?iaoeee iiaaaeee
i?ioanoaioeci, o ethaeae noaei neeaaeuaaoueny, oae neacaoue, “aeaeaeneia
ie?iaicc?aiea”, e, oaea eae neaaenoaea yoiai, noaee oi?ie?iaaoueny
iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneea e yeiiiie/aneea no?oeoo?u, niioaaonoaothuea
aio. Ii yoie i?e/eia e einoeooo /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe iieo/ee
iaeaieueoaa ?acaeoea eiaiii a yoeo no?aiao.

Ia acaeiinaycue “eaieoaeecia” e i?ioanoaioecia ia?auae aieiaiea
ecaanoiue enoi?ee e oeeinio Iaen Aaaa?. Iaeiaei, ia iie acaeyae, aai
iiaeoiae aue ianeieueei iiaa?oiinoiui. Ii n/eoae, /oi i?inoi iaeioi?ua
“yeaiaiou” i?ioanoaioecia niinianoaiaaee ?acaeoeth eaieoaeecia (a?iaea
oiai, /oi eaeueaeieci “o/eo” aa?aaeeeainoe, iaeiieaieth e aeeaaeuaaieth
aeaiaa a i?eaueueiua aeaea e o.i.).

Ia naiii aeaea ana ai?acaei aeoaaea. Aeaei ia a oii, /oi eaeea-oi
yeaiaiou i?ioanoaioecia niinianoaiaaee ?acaeoeth “eaieoaeecia”.
I?aaeeueiaa neacaoue, /oi i?ioanoaioeci noeioee?iaae aieaa aieiaoaeueiia
ioiioaiea ethaeae e Nayuaiiiio Ienaieth, /oi i?eaaei e oi?ie?iaaieth a
yoeo no?aiao o ethaeae aeaeaeneiai iaioaeeoaoa, e oaea a ?acoeueoaoa
yoiai neeaaeuaaeenue oa yeiiiie/aneea, nioeeaeueiua e
iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneea no?oeoo?u, eioi?ua caoai ?aciuie
ai?a-oeeinioaie a?iaea E. Ia?ena e auee iacaaiu “eaieoaeeciii”.

Caia/aii, /oi ?uii/iie yeiiiieea, iniiaaiiie ia /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe,
eae i?aaeei, niioonoaoao aeaiie?aoe/aneay nenoaia ainoaea?noaa. Yoi
ii?iaeeei iiaiea o iaoeo ?aoi?iaoi?ia, /oi yeiiiie/aneay nenoaia caaeneo
io iieeoe/aneie. Eiaiii enoiaey ec yoie oi/ee c?aiey, I. Ai?aa/aa ia
noae aeiaeeaeaoueny ieiaeia i?iaiaeeiie ei yeiiiie/aneie ?aoi?iu
(aniiiiei “caeii i eiiia?aoeee”, ia EOAe e o.ae.), a auno?i ia?aoae e
?aoi?ia iieeoe/aneie nenoaiu a 1988 – 1989 aa., i/aaeaeii, iieaaay, /oi
iaeia ?aoi?ia “iiaenoaaiao” ae?oaoth. Eeoaeoeu, iaeiaei, i?ae?anii
i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaee, /oi yeiiiie/aneay nenoaia aanueia iaei caaeneo io
iieeoe/aneie, a, nei?aa caaeneo io eiie?aoiie aiee iieeoeeia: iie
nio?aieee aeanoue eiiia?oee, ii i?e yoii oaaee/eee aeieth /anoiie
nianoaaiiinoe a yeiiiieea no?aiu. Yoi eeoiee ?ac iiaeoaa?aeaeaao, /oi
ethaay “nenoaia” ia yaeyaony /ai-oi iacaaeneii eee “iauaeoeaii” ?acae-
aathueiny, a caaeneo io eiie?aoiie aiee ethaeae.

Eoae, iieeoe/aneay nenoaia aiana ia ii?aaeaeyao yeiiiie/aneoth: e oi, e
ae?oaia anoue neaaenoaea ii?aaeaeaiiuo ie?iaicc?ai/aneeo onoaiiaie. Eae
iu oaea oaaaeeeenue, “?uii/iay” eee “naiaiaeiay” yeiiiie/aneay nenoaia,
iniiaaiiay ia einoeoooa /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe, anaaaea nei?aa aicieeaao
a no?aiao n “aeaeaeneei iaioaeeoaoii”. E, eae ecaanoii, aeey yoeo aea
no?ai oa?aeoa?ia aeaiie?aoey a iieeoe/aneie nenoaia. Oaeei ia?acii,
aeaeaeneee iaioaeeoao aeeyao ia oieueei ia yeiiiie/aneoth nenoaio, ii e
ia iieeoe/aneoth.

*oiau iiiyoue, ii/aio oae i?ienoiaeeo, iaiaoiaeeii inoaiiaeoueny ia yoii
aii?ina iiae?iaiaa e aniiiieoue aeaeaeneia iiieiaiea ainoaea?noaa. A
aii?in yoio i/aiue aaaeai, oae eae o ian i?eiyoi n/eoaoue iieeoe/aneoth
nenoaio /ai-oi “ia?ae/iui”, iacaaeneiui io aeooiaiiai ninoiyiey
iauanoaa.

Niaeanii o?enoeaineiio ie?iaicc?aieth ana ethaee io i?e?iaeu ceu (eae
neaaenoaea a?aoiiaaeaiey Aaeaia e Aau). Ai a?aiaia aei aaeeeiai Iioiia
einoeoooa ainoaea?noaa ia nouanoaiaaei, e cei (oaeenoaa, a?aaaaee,
ecianeeiaaiey, iaiai e o.ae.) oaaee/eeinue a /aeiaa/aneii iauanoaa
ianoieueei, /oi Aiao i?eoeinue ecaaaeoue ethaeae ae?oa io ae?oaa,
caoiiea anth Caieth aiaeie, inoaaea a aeeauo eeoue Iiy n naiueae.

N o/aoii yoiai ai?ueeiai iiuoa nouanoaiaaiey aeiiioiiiiai ie?a, aeey
iiaiai, iineaiioiiiiai ie?a auea aeaia caiiaaaeue ia o/?aaeaeaiea
einoeoooa ainoaea?noaa, aeaaiue i?eioeei eioi?ie aue noi?ioee?iaai Iith
a eieaa Auoea (9:6): “Eoi i?ieueao e?iaue /aeiaa/aneoth, oiai e?iaue
i?ieueaony ?oeith /aeiaaea: eai /aeiaae nicaeai ii ia?aco Aiaeeth”; oi
anoue aeaaiie ooieoeeae ainoaea?noaa auea i?iaicaeaoaia nia?oiay eaciue
ca oiuoeaiiia oaeenoai.

Ec iiiaeo ae?oaeo noeoia Aeaeee oaeaea aeaeii, /oi ooieoeey ainoaea?noaa
aiiaua – yoi neeiaay ai?ueaa ni ceii a /aeiaa/aneii iauanoaa. “Eai
ia/aeuenoaothuea no?aoiu ia aeey aeia?uo aeae, ii aeey ceuo. Oi/aoue ee
ia aiyoueny aeanoe? Aeaeae aeia?i e iieo/eoue iioaaeo io iaa. Eai
ia/aeueiee anoue Aiaeee neoaa, oaaa ia aeia?i. Anee aea aeaeaaoue cei,
aieny, eai ii ia iai?anii iineo ia/: ii… ioinoeoaeue a iaeacaiea
aeaeathuaio ceia” (E ?eieyiai 13:3-4).

*aeiaa/anoao auei iaauaii, /oi oaia?ue aieueoa anaie?iiai Iioiia ca aai
a?aoe ia aoaeao (Auoea 9:11). Iaeiaei, /oiau cei ia ?ani?ino?aieeinue
niiaa aei oaeie aea noaiaie, eae a aeiiioiiiii ie?a, iaiaoiaeeii, /oiau
ec /aeiaa/aneiai iauanoaa auaeaeyeanue eaeay-oi /anoue ethaeae, eioi?ay
ai?ieanue au ni ceii a iauanoaa, i?anaeaea au e iiaeaaeyea au aai.
“Oniio?e ec anaai ia?iaea ethaeae niiniaiuo, aiyueony Aiaa, ethaeae
i?aaaeeauo, iaiaaeaeyueo ei?unoue e iinoaaue eo iaae iei
ouny/aia/aeueieeaie, noiia/aeueieeaie,… aeanyoeia/aeueieeaie. Ionoue
iie noaeyo ia?iae ai anyeia a?aiy…” (Enoiae 18:21). E aeey yoiai,
anoanoaaiii, iaiaoiaeeii, /oiau yoa /anoue ethaeae iaaeaeyeanue
niioaaonoaothueie iieiiii/eyie. Aio yoi e iacuaaaony ainoaea?noaii.

Eoae, niaeanii aeaeaeneiio o/aieth, aeaaiay ooieoeey ainoaea?noaa, yoi –
ai?ueaa ni ceii a iauanoaa. A yoii aai aeaaiue niune, e eiaiii aeey
yoiai iii, nianoaaiii, e nouanoaoao.

A eaeeo aea neo/ayo e ii/aio iaeie ainoaea?noaa noaiiayony aeaniioe/iuie
e oioaeeoa?iuie, eae ia Ainoiea eee o ian ai a?aiaia Noaeeia eee Eaaia
A?iciiai, a ae?oaea – aeaiie?aoe/aneeie, aaea ianaeaiea eiaao
a?aaeaeaineea e iieeoe/aneea naiaiaeu?

Oa?iei “oioaeeoa?iia ainoaea?noai” icia/aao oaeia ainoaea?noai, eioi?ia
aiaoeaaaony ai ana noa?u /aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, oi anoue
i?ienoiaeeo eae au “anaiauaa”, “oioaeueiia” i?iieeiiaaiea ainoaea?noaa a
aeeciue ethaeae, aieioue aei eo /anoiie aeecie, ia aiai?y oae i iieeoeea
eee yeiiiieea. Aeaiie?aoe/aneia ainoaea?noai iiae?acoiaaaao aeiaieueii
ia?aie/aiiia aiaoaoaeuenoai a aeaea ethaeae. A iiiyoea “aeaniioey” eee
“aaoi?eoa?eci” icia/aao ia/oi i?iiaaeooi/iia iaaeaeo aeaiie?aoeae e
oioaeeoa?eciii.

Eae aeaeei, ana yoe oa?ieiu, ii nooe, i?inoi icia/atho ?acee/iua noaiaie
aiaoaoaeuenoaa ainoaea?noaa a aeaea iauanoaa. Eiaaea ainoaea?noai iaei
aiaoeaaaony a aeaea ethaeae – yoi iacuaaaony aeaiie?aoeae e naiaiaeie.
Eiaaea iiiai – aeaniioeae. A anee iii ia/eiaao eiio?iee?iaaoue
aaniethoii ana noa?u /aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe – yoi oioaeeoa?eci.

E aio eaeie aii?in iinoiyiii aieioao oeeinioia e iieeoeeia: eae
“naeaeaoue” aeaniioe/aneia eee oioaeeoa?iia ainoaea?noai
aeaiie?aoe/aneei, naiaiaeiui; eae io oioaeeoa?ecia “ia?aeoe” e
aeaiie?aoee?

I?e ioaaoa ia yoio aii?in, e niaeaeaieth, caauaatho, /oi ainoaea?noai
noaiiaeony aeaiie?aoe/aneei, aeaniioe/aneei eee oioaeeoa?iui ia naii ii
naaa, ia io oiai, /oi “aio oae oi/aony”. Aeey aiaoaoaeuenoaa
ainoaea?noaa a aeaea ethaeae anoue aeaa acaeiinaycaiiua iaaeaeo niaie
i?e/eiu.

Niaa?oaiii i/aaeaeii, /oi iaeia ec i?e/ei aiaoaoaeuenoaa ainoaea?noaa a
eaeoth-eeai iaeanoue /aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe – yoi iaee/ea cea a
aeaiiie iaeanoe. E iiyoiio ainoaea?noai eae i?oaeea ai?ueau ni ceii
auioaeaeaii aiaoeaaoueny a iaa, eai iii, nianoaaiii aiai?y, aeey oiai e
nouanoaoao – niaeanii caiiaaaee, aeaiiie Aiaii Iith. Iiyoiio, /ai
aieueoa a ?aciuo iaeanoyo /aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe aeaeaaony cea,
oai, anoanoaaiii, e a aieueoae noaiaie a yoe iaeanoe i?eoiaeeony
aiaoeaaoueny ainoaea?noao. Ii aieueoay noaiaiue aiaoaoaeuenoaa – yoi e
anoue, ii ii?aaeaeaieth, aieueoay noaiaiue aeaniioecia eee
aaoi?eoa?iinoe: oaeei ia?acii ainoaea?noai e aeaeaaony aieaa
aeaniioe/aneei, a caoai e oioaeeoa?iui. Iiyoiio, /ai aieaa ethaee ceu e
/ai aieueoa iie aeaeatho cea, oai, anoanoaaiii, aieaa aeaniioe/iui
aoaeao e eo ainoaea?noai. Iiaeii aeaaea noi?ioee?iaaoue oaeie caeii:
noaiaiue aeaniioe/iinoe ainoaea?noaa i?iii?oeeiiaeueia eiee/anoao cea a
iauanoaa. E, iaiai?io, noaiaiue naiaiaeu e aeaiie?aoe/iinoe ia?aoii
i?iii?oeeiiaeueia eiee/anoao cea, aeaeaaiiio ethaeueie.

Nouanoaoao aua iaeei iiiaio, eioi?ue iieacuaaao acaeiinaycue cea a
iauanoaa e aeaniioecia ainoaea?noaa. Eiaaea iaoe enoi?eee oaeanathony
caa?noaaie IEAAe ai a?aiy noaeeineiai ia?eiaea eee ?acaith ii?e/ieeia
i?e Eaaia A?iciii, oi iie niaa?oaiii i?aau, /oi ana yoi oaeanii. Iaeiaei
i?e yoii ii/aio-oi caauaaaony iaeia aeaoaeue: ainoaea?noai ninoieo e
ooieoeeiie?oao ec oaeeo aea ethaeae, /oi e iauanoai. Anee ethaee a
iauanoaa ceu e aeaeatho cei, oi iaeaii auei au iaeeaeaoue, /oi oa ec
ieo, eoi iieo/aao aeanoue e ?acee/iua iieiiii/ey ii ioiioaieth e ae?oaei
ethaeyi, aae?oa ieaaeoony aiaaeaie.

Ie Noaeei, ie Eaiei, ie Eaai A?iciue, ie Iaethoa Neo?aoia ia oiaee ia
ian n Eoiu. Ana iie auee ia eiiieaiaoyia, a “ieioue io ieioe” iaoaai
ia?iaea. Iiyoiio, eiaaea aiai?yo, /oi aio, iie, Eaiei, Noaeei e i?. auee
oaeea “iaaiaeye” – naiieee a eiioeeaaa?yo ieeeeiiu ethaeae, oi oioneatho
iaeio “iaaieueooth” aeaoaeue, – /oi nai aea ia?iae ii?iaeaeaao oaeeo
“iaaiaeyaa”.

Eoae, ia?aii?e/eia aicieeiiaaiey aaoi?eoa?ecia eee aeaniioe/iinoe
ainoaea?noaa – iaee/ea cea a ?aciuo noa?ao /aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe,
aeey iiaeaaeaiey eioi?iai ainoaea?noai e auioaeaeaii aiaoeaaoueny ai ana
yoe noa?u. E, e?iia oiai, ai?ueao n aeaiiui ceii i?iaiaeyo oaeea aea
ceua ethaee, acyoua ec oaeiai aea iauanoaa, eioi?ua, anoanoaaiii, aoaeoo
ceioiio?aaeyoue aeanoueth, /oi nicaeaao aeey /aeiaaea iuouaiea
“aani?aaeaea” ni noi?iiu oaeiai ainoaea?noaa.

E eiaaea eeaa?aeueiua oeeiniou e iuneeoaee iuoathony iaeoe ioaao ia
aii?in “eae ia?aeoe io oioaeeoa?ecia e aeaiie?aoee?”, iie /anoi
aeiioneatho iaeio ioeaeo. Iie n/eoatho oae: ?ac aeaniioey e
oioaeeoa?iinoue – yoi aiaoaoaeuenoai ainoaea?noaa a aeaea ethaeae, oi
ionoue iii, yoi ainoaea?noai, i?inoi ia?anoaiao aiaoeaaoueny e
eiio?iee?iaaoue, – e oaeei ia?acii iii noaiao naiaiaeiui e
aeaiie?aoe/iui!

Iaeiaei oaeie iiaeoiae ia o/eouaaao, /oi aaoi?eoa?iinoue ainoaea?noaa
aicieeaao ia naia ii naaa, a eae neaaenoaea iaee/ey cea a iauanoaa. *oi
i?ienoiaeeo, eiaaea auoaoiiiyiooue “?aoeaio” i?eiaiytho ia i?aeoeea?
Ainoaea?noai ia?anoaao aiaoeaaoueny a ?acee/iua noa?u /aeiaa/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe, aaea anoue cei, ia?anoaao yoi cei i?anaeaoue e
iiaeaaeyoue. Ii aaaeue io yoiai iii (cei) ia en/acaao! Iaiai?io, i?e
ionoonoaee iiaeaaeaiey, iii ia/eiaao ?anoe a aaiiao?e/aneie i?ia?annee,
– oae, /oi a eiioea eiioeia eeai ainoaea?noai ?ac?ooaaony ieii/aoaeueii,
eeai e aeanoe i?eoiaeyo ethaee, eioi?ua yoo “eeaa?aeueioth” oai?eth
iaaiaoaoaeuenoaa ainoaea?noaa a aeaea iauanoaa ioithaeue ia
eniiaaaeotho, – e iie oaea, eae i?aaeei, aeaeatho ainoaea?noai aua aieaa
aeaniioe/iui, a oi e oioaeeoa?iui, oae eae cei-oi oniaei ca i?ioaaeoaa
a?aiy ?ac?anoenue e oneeeoueny!

Yoei-oi e iauyniyaony aeaaii iiaeia/aiiue enoi?eeaie oaiiiai: iinea
aia?oee, eae i?aaeei, aicieeaao oioaeeoa?eci, a iinea iaaeaiey
oioaeeoa?iiai ?aaeeia, eae i?aaeei, aicieeaao aia?oey.

E eiaiii ana yoi iu e iiaeai iaaethaeaoue a ?innee, iniaaiii ca
iineaaeiea aeaa aaea. Eae oieueei ?aoi?iaoi?u (aniiiiei Aeaenaiae?a II)
neaaea ioioneaee ainoaea?noaaiioth “ocaeo”, ia?iae, aianoi oiai, /oiau
ainiieueciaaoueny ia aeaai naaa i?aaeinoaaeyaiie aio naiaiaeie, ia/eiae
“ao?eeoue”, ?iaeaeaoue ?aaiethoeeiia?ia, oa??i?ece?iaaoue
ainoaea?noaaiiuo aeayoaeae, – e ioithaeue ia noaiiaeeny aeinoieiaa e
oeeaeeeciaaiiaa. Eii/aeinue yoi, eae i?aaeei, oae iacuaaaiie
“?aaeoeeae”, – eiaaea ainoaea?noao i?eoiaeeeinue niiaa oneeeaaoue ?aaeei
aiaoaoaeuenoaa a aeaea iauanoaa. Eiaaea aea Ieeieae II io?aeny io
i?anoiea e e aeanoe i?eoee eeaa?aeu, aeaaoea iauanoao yeiiiie/aneea e
iieeoe/aneea naiaiaeu, oi… ii/aio-oi, iai?eia?, e?anoueyia
ainiieueciaaeenue iaiaeeaeaiiie naiaiaeie neaaeothuei ia?acii: aianoi
oiai, /oiau ?aaioaoue oaia?ue ia naay, aeey aeaaa naieo naiae e aeeoue
aeinoieiaa e eo/oa, iie a?ineeenue a?iieoue e aea/ue iiiaue/uee
onaaeueau! A no?aia ia/aeny iaaiia?aceiue ?acaae, noaeu ia ?aaioaee,
eniieieoaeueiay aeanoue auea ia?aeeciaaia, e inoaiiaeoue yoio aani?aaeae
niiaea, e niaeaeaieth, eeoue a?oiie?iaea, eioi?ay eniiaaaeiaaea
ia?enenoneoth oeeinioeth, – /oi e i?eaaei e oaeiio aieueoiio
e?iaii?ieeoeth.

Ii anoue ee aiiaua auoiae, anoue ee eaeie-eeai niinia “ecaaaeaiey” io
oioaeeoa?iinoe eee aaoi?eoa?iinoe ainoaea?noaa? Eiia/ii, anoue, ii,
/oiau aai ii?aaeaeeoue, ioaeii, eae niaaoiaae Eicueia I?ooeia, “c?eoue a
ei?aiue”.

Aaaeue, eae iu oynieee, aaoi?eoa?iinoue ainoaea?noaa anoue neaaenoaea
iaee/ey cea a iauanoaa. I?e/eia – cei a iauanoaa, neaaenoaea –
aaoi?eoa?eci ainoaea?noaa. *oiau ia auei neaaenoaey, ioaeii, /oiau ia
auei ii?iaeeaoae aai i?e/eiu. Anee oaeanony eaeei-oi ia?acii oiaiueoeoue
eiee/anoai cea a iauanoaa, oi ainoaea?noao oaea ia aoaeao iaiaoiaeeiinoe
a oaeie noaiaie aiaoeaaoueny a aeaea iauanoaa, e oai naiui aicieeiao
iauaeoeaiay i?aaeiinueea aeey oiaiueoaiey noaiaie aai aeaniioe/iinoe,
/oi, nianoaaiii aiai?y, iu e oioei.

Ii a eaeii neo/aa ethaee a ianooaaao no?aiu iiaoo ia?anoaoue aeaeaoue
cei, eee, ii e?aeiae ia?a, iaiueoa aai aeaeaoue? Ecaanoii n iacaiaiyoiuo
a?aiai, /oi /aeiaae ia?anoaao aeaeaoue cei oieueei a aeaoo neo/ayo:
eeai, eiaaea ii aieony iaeacaiey io ethaeae (io ainoaea?noaa), eeai,
eiaaea ii “aieony Aiaa”. Iaeiaei, ia?aue aa?eaio – yoi eae ?ac e anoue
“?aaiiaanea” iaaeaeo aaoi?eoa?iui ainoaea?noaii e no?aiyueiny aeaeaoue
cei /aeiaaeii. Ian aea eioa?anoao aa?eaio, eiaaea /aeiaae nai,
aeia?iaieueii, enoiaey, oae neacaoue, ec naieo oaaaeaeaiee, ioeacuaaaony
aeaeaoue cei, – aneaaenoaea /aai iaiaoiaeeiinoue ai aiaoaoaeuenoaa a aai
aeaea ioiaaeaao naia niaie, – a yoi aiciiaeii eae ?ac oieueei i?e aoi?ii
aa?eaioa, – eiaaea ii ia?anoaao aeaeaoue cei, iioiio /oi aa?eo a Aiaa,
eioi?ue, eae ecaanoii, ca cei iaeacuaaao. I?e/ai, Aia, a ioee/ea io
naiiai-naiiai oioaeeoa?iiai ainoaea?noaa, “anaaeaeyu” – iiyoiio, eiaaea
ethaee ia/eiatho aa?eoue a Iaai, iie ia?anoatho aeaeaoue cei a naiuo
?aciuo noa?ao aeayoaeueiinoe – oai naiui i?aaeinoaaeyy ana aieueoea
aiciiaeiinoe aeey ?acaeoey naiaiaeu e aeaiie?aoee a ainoaea?noaa. E,
iaiai?io, “anee Aiaa iao, oi ana iicaieaii” (ii au?aaeaieth
Aeinoiaaneiai), oi anoue iaaa?othuee /aeiaae aoaeao no?aieoueny aeaeaoue
cei a oao iaeanoyo, eioi?ua ainoaea?noai aua ia eiio?iee?oao e yoei
aoaeao eae au “auioaeaeaoue” aai aiaoeaaoueny a aeaiiua iaeanoe; eia/a
aiai?y, ii aoaeao ana a?aiy niinianoaiaaoue ?inoo aaoi?eoa?iinoe
ainoaea?noaa.

Ei?i/a aiai?y, anee ethaee ia?anoatho aeaeaoue cei aeaaiaea?y aa?a a
Aiaa, oi oiaaea ainoaea?noao oaea ia eiaao niunea aiaoeaaoueny a oa
iaeanoe, aaea ethaee ia?anoaee aeaeaoue cei. E, e?iia oiai, oae eae
ainoaea?noai ninoieo ec oaeeo aea ethaeae, /oi e iauanoai, oi anoue
ainoaea?noaaiiua aeayoaee, iaeaaeathuea aeanoueth, oaeaea aa?yo a Aiaa,
aneaaenoaea /aai ia ceioiio?aaeytho naiae aeanoueth, oi ainoaea?noai a
oeaeii e ia?anoaao auoue aaoi?eoa?iui.

Eoae, aa?a ethaeae a aeaeaeneiai Aiaa, eioi?ue iaeacuaaao cei, yaeyaony
aeaaiui oneiaeai nouanoaiaaiey naiaiaeu e aeaiie?aoee a ainoaea?noaa.

Aeey oiai, /oiau yoio oacen aue aua aieaa oaaaeeoaeueiui, i?eaaaeai
iaeei i?eia?. I?aaenoaaei naaa iauanoai, aaea eaaeaeue /aeiaae (ana aei
aaeeiiai) niaethaeaao anaaaea a oa/aiea anae naiae aeecie ana 10
aeaeaeneeo caiiaaaeae. Ii aaaeue oiaaea ia caiea e aue au naiue /oi ie
ia anoue ianoiyuee, a aoeaaeueiii niunea, “?ae”! Aeey oaeiai iauanoaa
iaiaoiaeeiinoue a einoeoooa ainoaea?noaa ioiaea au.

A aaaeue anoue iaiaei “?aeeaee” e o/aiee, eioi?ua iiaoaeaeatho ethaeae
aeaeaoue cei, a ia aeia?i. I?eia?ii iiaeao neoaeeoue nioeeaeueiue
aea?aeieci, – aeiaieueii ?ani?ino?aiaiiia ie?iaicc?aiea, niaeanii
eioi?iio a “ai?ueaa ca nouanoaiaaiea” iiaaaeaeaao neeueiaeoee e iiaeaaao
“neaaue”, e, noaei auoue, ethaee aeieaeiu “ai?ioueny” ae?oa n ae?oaii,
aeaeay ae?oa ae?oao cei. Anoanoaaiii, /oi a no?aiao, aaea oaeay
eaeaieiaey iaeaaeaea oiaie, aicieeaee caoai aaoi?eoa?iua e (aeaaea)
oioaeeoa?iua ?aaeeiu, i?eia?ii /aio iiaeao neoaeeoue oaoenoneay
Aa?iaiey.

A nayce n yoei oioaeinue au ia?aoeoue aieiaiea aua ia iaeei aniaeo,
iieacuaathuee oeaiiinoue aeaeaeneiai iaioaeeoaoa a ea/anoaa “i?eaeaee”
io aeaniioee e oioaeeoa?ecia. Caiaoei, /oi aaaeue naiua e?iaaaua
oioaeeoa?iua ?aaeeiu aicieeaee, eae i?aaeei, ia iniiaa eaeie-oi
aioeo?enoeaineie, ii i?e yoii eiae/anee ?ac?aaioaiiie e iieo/eaoae
?ani?ino?aiaiea a iauanoaa eaeaieiaee. A ?innee, Eeoaa, Eaiaiaeaea,
Ieea?aaoa, Eoaa – yoi aue ia?eneci, nioeeaeenoe/aneea e eiiioienoe/aneea
oaioacee. A oaoenoeie Aa?iaiee – yoi i?e/oaeeeaay nianue ieeoeueoecia e
aioenaieoecia – e oi, e ae?oaia, eae ecaanoii, yaeyaony aioeo?enoeaineei
e aioeaeaeaeneei ie?iaicc?aieai.

Aaaea oioaeeoa?iuo ainoaea?noa, aicieeoeo ia iniiaa aioeo?enoeaineeo
eaeaieiaee, caeeth/aaony aua e a oii, /oi aeanoe aeaiiuo ainoaea?noa,
oioy e ai?ieenue ni ceii a iauanoaa (oi anoue aeaeaee oi, /oi aeieaeiu
aeaeaoue aeanoe ethaiai ainoaea?noaa), ii, eiay eiaeiua e?eoa?ee aeia?a
e cea (eae neaaenoaea eniiaaaeaiey eiaeiie eaeaieiaee), iie ai?ieenue
aieueoa ia ni ceii, a n aeia?ii, /oi, a iauai-oi, e i?eaiaeeei e oaeei
e?iaii?ieeoeyi. Oae, aieueoaaeee, i?eoaaeoea e aeanoe a 1917 aiaeo,
oie/oiaeaee ia oieueei aaiaeeoia e i?anooiieeia (a eiaiii e oieueei
aeaaiaea?y yoei ia?ai eiiioienoe/aneia ainoaea?noai aiiaua niiaei
ooaa?aeeoueny), ii, a iniiaiii, eo aaiioeeae aue iai?aaeai i?ioea
i?aaei?eieiaoaeae e aeooiaainoaa, aeayoaeueiinoue eioi?uo anaaaea
i?eiineo iieueco, a ia a?aae. Oi/ii oaeaea, a aeoea?ianeie Aa?iaiee
oie/oiaeaee aa?aaa – ia?iae, aianoee, iiaeaeoe, iaeaieueoee aeeaae a
iaoeo, eneonnoai e aeooiaiue aaaaae /aeiaa/anoaa.

Iaeiaei aeoiinoue ia?enecia e iaoeecia i/aaeaeia e ynia oieueei aeey
ethaeae, ciathueo Nayuaiiia Ienaiea e i?eciathueo aai enoeiiinoue. Aeey
iauanoaa aea, eiathuaai i/aiue niooiia i?aaenoaaeaiea i niaea?aeaiee
iineaaeiaai e n/eoathuaai aai iaeeie “neaceaie”, eiia/ii, ioeai/iinoue
oaeeo eiioeaioeee iniciaia aoaeao aeaeaei ia n?aco, e oaeia iauanoai
aiieia iiaeao ?aoeoueny ia “yenia?eiaiou” ii i?aeoe/aneie i?iaa?ea yoeo
oai?ee, /oi, nianoaaiii aiai?y, e i?iecioei a ?innee e a Aa?iaiee.

Iiyoiio e iaioae?aii, /oi eiaiii no?aiai n aieaa “aeaeaeneei”
iaioaeeoaoii ianaeaiey (Aiaeee, Oaaoeee, Aeaiee, Oaaeoea?ee, Aieeaiaeee
e ae?.) oaeaeinue ecaaaeaoue eae eiiioiecia, oae e oaoecia.

E, eaaeaony, oaeaeinue iieacaoue, /oi ana yeaiaiou caiaaeiie
oeeaeeecaoeee – aeaiie?aoey a iieeoeea, ?uii/iay yeiiiieea ia iniiaa
einoeoooa /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe, iacaaeneiay io ainoaea?noaa noaeaaiay
nenoaia e o.ae. – ia aicieeatho naie ii naaa, neo/aeii, eee “iaoiaeii
i?ia e ioeaie” (eae n/eoatho iau/ii eeaa?aeu-caiaaeieee), a yaeythony
caeiiiia?iui neaaenoaeai eciaiaiey iuoeaiey ethaeae.

A anee aniiiieoue i?eaiaeeiue auoa i?eia? n ainoaea?noaaie “oiiuo” e
“aeoiuo”, oi iiaeii neacaoue, /oi eiaiii ciaiea Nayuaiiiai Ienaiey
aeaeaao “aeoiuo” “oiiuie”.

Iaeiaei caeanue i?aaeaeaeyony iaeioi?ua aic?aaeaiey. Iai?eia?, iiaoo
aic?aceoue, /oi aaaeue ae?aaiea a?aee e ?eieyia ia ciaee ieeaeie Aeaeee,
a o ieo auee aeaiie?aoe/aneea aeiaieueii oeeaeeeciaaiiua ainoaea?noaa;
eee, iai?eia?, ssiiiey – a?iaea eae iao?enoeaineay no?aia, a yaeyaony
oeeaeeeciaaiiie e “?acaeoie”. E, iaiai?io, eacaeinue au, oaeay
o?enoeaineay (i?aaineaaiay) ?inney ia i?ioyaeaiee aaeia auea aeiaieueii
ionoaeie a iaeanoe yeiiiieee e oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe aiiaua, a oae i
aeaiie?aoee a iae e aiai?eoue ia i?eoiaeeony!

Ii a Aeaeee anoue ioaao e ia yoio “ia?aaeien”. Eiaaea aiinoie Iaaae
i?iiiaaaeiaae a Aoeiao, ii aiai?ee neaaeothuaa: “Aoeiyia! Ii anaio aeaeo
y, /oi au eae au iniaaiii iaaiaeiu; eai, i?ioiaey e iniao?eaay aaoe
nayouie, y iaoae e aea?oaaiiee, ia eioi?ii iaienaii: “iaaaaeiiiio Aiao”.
Naai-oi, eioi?iai au, ia ciay, /oeoa, y i?iiiaaaeoth aai” (Aeayiey
17:22-23).

A ae?oaii ianoa, a Iineaiee e ?eieyiai (2:14-15), ii aiai?eo: “…eiaaea
ycu/ieee, ia eiathuea caeiia, ii i?e?iaea caeiiiia aeaeatho, oi, ia eiay
caeiia, iie naie naaa caeii: iie iieacuaatho, /oi aeaei caeiia o ieo
iaienaii a na?aeoeao, i /ai naeaeaoaeuenoaoao niaanoue eo e iunee eo, oi
iaaeiythuea, oi ii?aaaeuaathuea iaeia ae?oaoth”.

Ec yoeo i?eia?ia ynii, /oi ethaee iiaoo eiooeoeaii ioee/aoue aeia?i io
cea, e, ia ciay Aeaeee, iiaoo aeia?iaieueii ioeacuaaoueny aeaeaoue cei,
/oi, iaaa?iia, e eiaei ianoi a Ae?aaiae A?aoeee, e, ii-aeaeeiiio, yoiai
“oaaoaei” aeey nouanoaiaaiey aeaiie?aoee iaeioi?ia a?aiy; oioy
oi?iaeueii a?aee auee ycu/ieeaie. Oi aea naiia, aa?iyoii, iiaeii
neacaoue e i nia?aiaiiie ssiiiee, eioi?ay noaea auniei?acaeoie no?aiie,
ianiio?y ia oi, /oi aa ianaeaiea, a iniiaiii, oi?iaeueii eniiaaaeoao
neioieci – ?aciiaeaeiinoue ycu/anoaa. Oioy, enoaoe aiai?y,
“yeiiiie/aneia /oaei” a ssiiiee e onoaiiaeaiea oai aeaiie?aoe/aneeo oi?i
iieeoe/aneie nenoaiu aicieeee iinea aa ii?aaeaiey ai Aoi?ie ie?iaie
aieia, eiaaea aa noaee iinauaoue aia?eeaineea o?enoeaineea
i?iiiaaaeieee. E, ianiiiaiii, a ?acoeueoaoa yoiai yiiineia ianaeaiea
noaei, iiaeao auoue, /ooue-/ooue, ii aieaa o?enoeaiece?iaaiiui, e,
aiciiaeii, yoiai “/ooue-/ooue” oaaoeei ia oi, /oiau a yeiiiie/aneie e
iieeoe/aneie aeecie ssiiiee iiyaeeenue oaeea ?acoeueoaou. E aaniethoii
oi aea naiia i?iecioei e n THaeiie Ei?aae.

N ae?oaie noi?iiu, a Aeaeee anoue e oaeea neiaa, neacaiiua Eenonii
O?enoii: “Ia anyeee, aiai?yuee iia: “Ainiiaee! Ainiiaee” aieaeao a
Oea?noai Iaaaniia, ii eniieiythuee aieth Iooea Iiaai Iaaaniiai” (io
Iaooay 7:21). E a ae?oaii ianoa: “Eeoeaia?u! Oi?ioi i?i?i/anoaiaae i aan
Enaey, aiai?y: “I?eaeeaeathony ei iia ethaee nee onoaie naieie e /ooo
iaiy ycueii; na?aeoea aea eo aeaeaei ionoieo io iaiy; ii ouaoii /ooo
iaiy, o/a o/aieyi, caiiaaaeyi /aeiaa/aneei” (io Iaooay 15:7-9).

Yoe neiaa i/aiue oi?ioi oa?aeoa?ecotho iaoa i?aaineaaea, eioi?ia, oioy
aieaa, /ai eaeea-eeai ae?oaea o?enoeaineea iai?aaeaiey ee/eony naiae
“i?aaeeueiinoueth”, ia eiaao, ia naiii aeaea, aeey yoiai ieeaeeo
iniiaaiee. Niaoeeoeea o?enoeainoaa o ian a no?aia ninoieo a oii, /oi ia
i?ioyaeaiee ii/oe anaai a?aiaie aai nouanoaiaaiey a ?innee auei
aeooiaainoai, ii ia auei… Aeaeee. Eae ecaanoii, iia auea ia?aaaaeaia e
aia?aua iioaeeeiaaia ia ?onneii ycuea eeoue a 1876 aiaeo, ii/oe /a?ac
900 eao iinea oi?iaeueiiai i?eiyoey o?enoeainoaa Ae?aaiae ?onueth –
e?auaiey eeaaeyi a Aeiai?a eiycai Aeaaeeie?ii a 988 aiaeo. E,
ii-aeaeeiiio, e na?aaeeia i?ioeiai aaea a iauanoaa oaea oniaei
noi?ie?iaaoueny aoaenoe/anei-yaiethoeeiiiia ie?iaicc?aiea. A?aaeie
Ia?ena e Aea?aeia auee i?eiyou ca aaniethoioth enoeio, a ?acoeueoaoa
/aai no?aia e iioea “a?aciin” a 1917 aiaeo.

Iiaeii aic?aceoue, /oi aaaeue a ?innee e aei 1876 aiaea auea Aeaeey ia
oea?eiaiineaayineii ycuea. Iaeiaei aa iiaei iiieiaoue eeoue
aeooiaainoai, eioi?ia yoio ycue niaoeeaeueii eco/aei.

E?iia oiai, yoa Aeaeey i?aaenoaaeyea niaie ia naiue eo/oee ia?aaiae: iia
auea ninoaaeaia, a iniiaiii, ec oaenoia, naeaeaiiuo ia?aaiae/eeaie
aieaa?neiai oea?y Neiaiia, a aieaa oi?ioee ia?aaiae, naeaeaiiue Ee?eeeii
e Iaoiaeeai, aue ooa?yi i?eia?ii a 15-i aaea. (Enoaoe, yoi
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i aanueia ia?aaeeaii ioiioaiee iaoaai aeooiaainoaa e
Nayuaiiiio Ienaieth).

Iiiyoue oo i?inooth enoeio, /oi oeeaeeeciaaiiinoue e “?acaeoinoue”
ia?iaea i?yii i?iii?oeeiiaeueiu noaiaie o?enoeaiece?iaaiiinoe aai
ie?iaicc?aiey, iiaeaeoe, e iaoaao aieueoa anaai oei?aieaoaany o ian
i?aaenoaaeaiea, aoaeoi “iaoa aa?a”, i?aaineaaea yaeyaony naiie
“i?aaeeueiie” aa?ie. Eae aea oae, aeoiaao /aeiaae, aii ?inney naiay /oi
ie ia anoue o?enoeaineay no?aia, a i?e yoii naiay ionoaeay? Ii aaaeue
ana aeaei a oii, /oi e?eoa?eai i?aaeeueiinoe ie?iaicc?aiey yaeyaony
niioaaonoaea aai Aeaeee, a ia ?acee/iui naeoaioneei o/aieyi, – aeaaea
anee iaeii ec ieo ai?aei iacuaaao naii naay “i?aaineaaiui”! A iaoa
i?aaineaaiia aeooiaainoai eae ?ac i/aiue iaei oaeaeyei aieiaiey
i?iiiaaaee Aeaeee. Iii e nae/an aieueoa oaeaeyao aieiaiey oaeei
iao?enoeaineei iiiyoeyi, eae ?iaeeia, Iaoeey, O?aaeeoeey, Eoeueoo?a, oa
aea Nenoaia, iaeiiaoe… A aio i aeaeaeneii Aiaa, aeaeaeneeo enoeiao iii
aiai?eo e?aeia iaei, oioy i?e nia?aiaiiie aeanoe aio aeaiu aeey yoiai
ana aiciiaeiinoe.

Eiia/ii, iaeioi?oth aeieth o?enoeaineeo enoei ia?iae iieo/ae io
i?aaineaaiie Oea?eae, e eiaiii aeaaiaea?y yoiio ?inneyia aeinoeaee
ai?acaei aieueoae noaiaie oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe, /ai, iai?eia?, ao?eeaineea
iaa?u, eiaeaeoeu Iaiaiiie Caiee eee aano?aeeeneea aai?eaaiu. Ii aio aeey
aieaa aunieiai o?iaiy – aeaiie?aoe/aneie iieeoe/aneie nenoaiu, ?acaeoie
?uii/iie yeiiiieee e o.ae., – yoie noaiaie aeaeaeneiai iaioaeeoaoa ia
“oaaoaei”.

Nianoaaiii aiai?y, a Caiaaeiie Aa?iia neooaoeey auea ii/oe oaeay aea. N
405-ai aiaea oai nouanoaiaae eaoeineee ia?aaiae Nayuaiiiai Ienaiey, e
ethaee, ciathuea eaouiue, eiaee aeinooi e aeaeaeneei enoeiai. Ii ana
?aaii n?aaeiaaaeiaoth Aa?iio neeoeii oae ?acaeoie e oeeaeeeciaaiiie ia
iaciaaoue, ii e?aeiae ia?a, ionoeueiaineee Ainoie a oi a?aiy aue ie/ooue
ia iaiaa oeeaeeeciaaiiui.

Neooaoeey eciaieeanue, eiaaea i?iecioee aeaa niauoey: a 1445 aiaeo
Aooaiaa?a ecia?ae eieaiia/aoaiea, e a 16 – 17 aaeao ai iiiaeo no?aiao
Caiaaeiie Aa?iiu (Aiaeee, Aa?iaiee, Aieeaiaeee, Oaaoeee, Ii?aaaee,
Aeaiee e ae?.). Aeaeey auea ia?aaaaeaia ia iaoeeiiaeueiua ycuee.
Aeaaiaea?y yoei aeaoi niauoeyi i/aiue aieueoia eiee/anoai ethaeae naiuo
?aciuo ?aiaia e nineiaee iieo/eei i?yiie aeinooi e Enoeia. Aea e
aicieeoee a yoi a?aiy i?ioanoaioeci ianoaeaae ia aaaeiinoe
iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai eco/aiey Ienaiey.

Iiaeii neacaoue, /oi enoi?ey ciaao neo/ae aeaenoaeoaeueii oniaoiuo
?aoi?i. Ii ana yoi auee ?aoi?iu ia nenoaiu. Eiaaea ethaee noaiiaeeenue
o?enoeaiaie, aa?yueie a aeaeaeneiai Aiaa, oi yoi auee ?aoi?iu iuoeaiey.
Iieeoe/aneea, yeiiiie/aneea no?oeoo?u inoaaaeenue iaeciaiiuie; a anee
iie e iaiyeenue, oi eiaiii aeey oiai, /oiau niioaaonoaiaaoue iiaiio,
o?enoeaineiio ie?iaicc?aieth.

Ioeai/iinoue i?aaenoaaeaiey ethaeae, /oi i?iaeaiu iiaeii ?aoeoue iooai
eciaiaiey iieeoe/aneie nenoaiu, oi?ioi i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaia a Aeaeee, a
1-e eieaa Oea?noa (8:3-7). Nooue iienuaaaiie oai neooaoeee ninoiyea a
neaaeothuai: nuiiauey Naioeea, eioi?uo ii iinoaaee noaeueyie iaae
Ec?aeeai, auiieiyee naie iaycaiiinoe ai?acaei ooaea naiaai iooea,
“noaeeee i?aa?aoii”, “a?aee iiaea?ee” e o.ae. E eaeie aea auoiae ec
nicaeaaoaainy iieiaeaiey i?aaeeiaeeee noa?aeoeiu, i?eoaaeoea e Naioeeo?
Aianoi oiai, /oiau eae-oi aicaeaenoaiaaoue ia aai nuiiaae oaaaeaeaieai
eee iii?ineoue Naioeea iacia/eoue ae?oaeo noaeae, iie iii?ineee aai
iinoaaeoue iaae ieie oea?y, eae auei o ae?oaeo ia?iaeia.

Ii aaaeue oaeay i?inueaa – yoi ia /oi eiia, eae i?inueaa eciaieoue
iieeoe/aneoth nenoaio: oae neacaoue, oaie?aoeth niaieoue ia iiia?oeth.
Eia/a aiai?y, iie aeoiaee ?aoeoue i?iaeaio iooai eciaiaiey nenoaiu e eo
i?inueaa io?aaeaea aa?o ia a Aiaa eo iooeia, a a Nenoaio, oi anoue, ii
nooe, yoi aue oio aea naiue “?aaa?neci”, eioi?ue oae oa?aeoa?ai aeey
naaiaeiyoiaai iuoeaiey. E oioy Naioee auiieiee eo i?inueao e iiiacae
iaae Ec?aeeai oea?y, ii ynii aeae iiiyoue, /oi Aiao oaeay i?inueaa
iaoaiaeia – (1-y Oea?noa 8:6-7); “…E neacae Ainiiaeue Naioeeo:
iineooae aieina ia?iaea ai anai, /oi iie aiai?yo oaaa; eai ia oaay iie
ioaa?aee, ii ioaa?aee Iaiy, /oia ss ia oea?noiaae iaae ieie”. E a
ae?oaii ianoa; “…aaeee a?ao, eioi?ue au naeaeaee i?aae i/aie Ainiiaea,
i?iny naaa oea?y” (1-y Oea?noa 12:17).

I?eia?ii i oii aea aiai?ee Eenon O?enoin (Io Eoee 17:20-21): “…ia
i?eaeao Oea?noaea Aiaeea i?eiaoiui ia?acii, e ia neaaeoo: “aio, iii
caeanue”, eee “aio, oai”. Eai aio, Oea?noaea Aiaeea aioo?e aan anoue”.

Ae?oaeie neiaaie, ioeai/ia iiiuoea eneaoue Oea?noaea Aiaeea aia ian – a
?an/aoa ia oi, /oi iii iiaeao nouanoaiaaoue “i?eiaoiui ia?acii” – a
aeaea eaeaaeueiie nenoaiu eee no?oeoo?u; ii iii “aioo?e ian anoue”, oi
anoue a ethaeyo caeiaeaia niiniaiinoue ioee/aoue aeia?i io cea e enoeio
io eaee, e iioaioeeaeueii, i?e aeaeaiee, ethaee iiaoo naeaeaoue naith
aeeciue aieaa n/anoeeaie, noaoue aieaa oeeaeeeciaaiiuie, anee aoaeoo
i?inoi no?aieoueny ia aeaeaoue cea e caaioeoueny i i?aaeeueiinoe naiaai
ie?iaicc?aiey, naieo acaeyaeia. “Eueoa aea i?aaeaea anaai Oea?noaey
Aiaeey e i?aaaeu aai, a ana inoaeueiia i?eeiaeeony aai” (Iaoo. 6:33). O
ian aea o?aaeeoeeiiii (e i?aaineaaiia aeooiaainoai i/aiue iaei n yoei
ai?aony) iienee Oea?noaa Aiaeey, oi anoue Enoeiu iiaeiaiythony iieneaie
iioeiaeueiie nioeeaeueiie no?oeoo?u. Yoi, iiaeaeoe, e anoue aeaaiay
a?anue iaoaai ?inneeneiai ie?iaicc?aiey, a?anue, eioi?ay ioe?uea a naia
a?aiy aei?iao eiiioienoe/aneiio yenia?eiaioo, a a iineaaeiaa a?aiy
eiaiii yoa aea a?anue aeaeaeao ethaeueie, i?iaiaeyueie o ian
“eeaa?aeueiua” ?aoi?iu.

Iiyoiio iaeaiie auaeyaeeo ?ani?ino?aiaiiay aa?a a oi, /oi anee o ian
aoaeao, “eae a Aia?eea”, – i?aceaeaio, ia?eaiaio, “nenoaia naea?aeae e
i?ioeaiaania”, “?acaeaeaiea aeanoae” e o.i., – yoi naeaeaao iaoo no?aio
aeaiie?aoe/aneie, naiaiaeiie e i?ioeaaoathuae.

Ioaeii iiiyoue, /oi anee a NOA aunieee o?iaaiue aeecie e
oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe, aunieiyooaeoeaiay yeiiiieea e aeaiie?aoe/aneay
iieeoeea, oi i?e/eia yoiai – ioithaeue ia “nenoaia naea?aeae e
i?ioeaiaania” e ia “?acaeaeaiea aeanoae”. Yoi ana ea?aao, eiia/ii,
aieueooth ?ieue, ii yaeyaony, a naith i/a?aaeue, neaaenoaeai, a ia
i?e/eiie. I?e/eia aea – enoeiiay i?e/eia eee ia?aii?e/eia – niaa?oaiii
eiay e aa ieeoi ia ne?uaaao: iia iaienaia ia eo aaethoa, ia eaaeaeii
aia?eeaineii aeieea?a:

“In God we trust” (“A Aiaa iu aa?ei”).

Iaiiiith, /oi NOA auee iniiaaiu ethaeueie, aa?yueie a Aiaa e a
aaniethoioth enoeiiinoue Aeaeee. E niaa?oaiii ynii, /oi i?e ioeaca io
yoie aa?u Aia?eeo ia nianao ieeaeay aeaiie?aoey e ieeaeia “?acaeaeaiea
aeanoae”.

O?enoeainoai yaeyaony i?e/eiie aa?iiaeneie oeeaeeecaoeee. Iiaeii n
aaniethoiie oaa?aiiinoueth ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi anee au aiinoieu
ioi?aaeeenue i?iiiaaaeiaaoue ia ii N?aaeecaiiiii?ueth, Aa?iia e Iaeie
Acee, a, aeiionoei, aaeoaue Oeaio?aeueiie Ao?eee, oi nae/an naiuie
“?acaeouie”, n aunieei o?iaiai oaoiieiaee e eoeueoo?u, e aiiaua iieioii
oeeaeeecaoeee auee au ao?eeaineea ainoaea?noaa: iaa?u auee au
aunieioeeaeeeciaaiiuie ethaeueie, a aa?iiaeneea ieaiaia – aeeea?yie e
eaiieaaeaie.

Anee au aiinoieu ioi?aaeeenue ia naaa?i-ainoie, eoaea-ieaoaeue a
Neae?ue, e /oe/ai, – oi naaoi/ai e oeeoaaeaeueth oeeaeeecaoeee auea au
*oeioea.

Eiia/ii, ana yoi ia?i/ii oo?e?iaaiiua i?eia?u, ii y eo i?eaiaeo n
oeaeueth, /oiau auea ynia iniiaiay iuneue; i?e/eia ethaie oeeaeeecaoeee
– yoi a oie eee eiie noaiaie aa?a a Aiaa e, eae neaaenoaea, a oie eee
eiie noaiaie oiaiueoaiea aeaeaaiiai ethaeueie cea.

Iiaeii, eiia/ii, aic?aceoue, /oi enoi?ey ciaao iiiaeanoai oeeaeeecaoeee,
aaea ia eiaee iiiyoey ie i Aeaeee, ie i O?enoa. Ii, cia/eo, oai auea
iaeioi?ay aeiey, oae neacaoue, “eiooeoeaiie aa?u”, eee, eae oiiieiaeinue
auoa, auei eiooeoeaiia iieeiiaiea “iaaaaeiiiio Aiao”. Iaeei ec
iaaeyaeiuo i?eia?ia – Ae?aaiee ?ei. Iauaecaanoii, /oi a ia/aea naiaai
iiaouanoaa e ?anoeaaoa oai auee aeiaieueii no?iaea i?aau e aeaai/anoeaua
iau/ae; a eae ?ac ia?aae naiei iaaeaieai ?ei- neay Eiia?ey iia?ycea a
?aca?aoa e cea. Enoaoe, ana iu iiiiei ec oeieueiiai eo?na enoi?ee, /oi
aia/aea o ?eia ia auei naiai iaioaiia ycu/aneeo aiaia – iie auee
caeinoaiaaiu iicaea o a?aeia. Yoi-oi caeinoaiaaiea e i?eaaei a
aeaeueiaeoai Ae?aaiee ?ei e ?aca?auaieth e iaaeaieth.

Ii aeaaea anee ia ciaoue enoi?ee, yeaiaioa?iay eiaeea i?eaaaeao ian e
oai aea auaiaeai.

Eaaeaeue /aeiaae a oa/aiea naiae aeecie – eaaeaeoth ieiooo – /oi-oi
aeaeaao. E aai aeayoaeueiinoue iiaeao auoue aeaiyeiai ?iaea: yoi iiaeao
auoue aeayoaeueiinoue ii i?e/eiaieth eiio-oi cea, a iiaeao auoue
eiino?oeoeaiie, niceaeaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoueth. E ?aaaieo ynii, /oi
anee ethaee a iauanoaa aieueooth /anoue a?aiaie naiae aeecie aoaeoo
ioaiaeeoue ia i?e/eiaiea ae?oa ae?oao cea, oi, anoanoaaiii, oaeia
iauanoai aeaa?aaee?oao: eai, eiaaea aea ethaeyi oiaaea no?ieoue aei?iae,
aeiia, ?acaiaeeoue neio, ia?aaaouaaoue iiey, iinoeaaoue oaeiu i?e?iaeu e
o.ae.? E iaiai?io, eiaaea ethaee aeia?iaieueii ioeacuaathony io
niaa?oaiey cea, oi, anoanoaaiii, o ieo iiyaeyaony a?aiy ia
eiino?oeoeaioth aeayoaeueiinoue – /oi e i?eaiaeeo e oeeaeeecaoeee!
Eiaiii aeia?iaieueiue ioeac io aeaeaiey cea a /aeiaa/aneii iauanoaa, a
ia ai?ueaa ca nouanoaiaaiea (eae, iai?eia?, ooaa?aeaeatho nioeeaeueiua
aea?aeienou), yaeyaony i?e/eiie e aeaeaeouae neeie ethaie oeeaeeecaoeee.

Iiyoiio niaa?oaiii iaaa?iie yaeyaony i?eiyoay nae/an enoi?e/aneay noaia
(enoaoe, aeinoaaoayny iai a ianeaaenoai io ia?enecia), niaeanii eioi?ie
/aeiaa/aneia iauanoai “i?ioiaeeo” a naiai “?acaeoee” noaaeee
ia?aiauoiiiaueiiiai no?iy, ?aaiaeaaeaiey, oaiaeaeecia, eaieoaeecia,
caoai (ii Ia?eno) – nioeeaeecia e eiiioiecia. Oio oaeo, /oi iinea
“eaieoaeecia” ieeaeiai “nioeeaeecia” e “eiiioiecia” ia neaaeoao, n
o?oaeii, ii, eaaeaony, aieaa-iaiaa iniciai a iaoai iauanoaa. Iaeiaei,
aei neo ii? ii/aio-oi ia iniciaaony ae?oaie i/aiue i?inoie oaeo, /oi yoa
noaia iaaa?ia any, /oi iia iieiinoueth aioeiao/ia, oae eae aaniethoii ia
niioaaonoaoao ?aaeueiie enoi?ee /aeiaa/anoaa, yaeyynue io ia/aea aei
eiioea oaioaceae ia?enecia. Ethaie iaei-iaeuenee a?aiioiue enoi?ee
ciaao, /oi oae iacuaaaiue “eaieoaeeci” – iaaiiue o?oae e
oiaa?ii-aeaiaaeiua ioiioaiey, /anoiay nianoaaiiinoue ia caieth e
n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa, – nouanoaiaae aua a naiuo ae?aaieo
oeeaeeecaoeeyo: a Ooia?a, Aaeioa, ?eia, Aaaeeiia. “Oaiaeaeeci”, eioi?ue
anoue ia /oi eiia, eae iaaeaeaiea oea?ai caieae naieo iiaeaeaiiuo
(iau/ii ca aiaiioth neoaeao), e, eae neaaenoaea, oneeaiea aeanoe ianoiuo
oea?ueeia – oaeaea nouanoaiaae ai ana a?aiaia. Ainoaea?noaaiiia ?aanoai
eiaei ianoi eae a ae?aaiai Aaeioa (no?ieoaeuenoai ie?aieae), oae e a
?innee 20-ai aaea (A?oeiaeaa Aoeaa). Einoeooo ee/iiai ?aanoaa
nouanoaiaae eae a ae?aaiinoe, oae e a 18 aaea a NOA, e a ?innee aieioue
aei ioiaiu e?aiinoiiai i?aaa.

E oaiaeaeeci, e eaieoaeeci, e ?aaiaeaaeaiea nouanoaiaaee i?aeoe/anee ai
ana a?aiaia /aeiaa/aneie enoi?ee, aaniethoii iacaaeneii ae?oa io ae?oaa,
/anoi ninouanoaiaaee ae?oa n ae?oaii a iaeiii e oii aea ainoaea?noaa, a
iaeii e oi aea a?aiy. Yoe iiiyoey yaeythony, nei?aa, iaeeie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie aeaiiiai ainoaea?noaa, ii oae ieeae ia noaaeeyie
?acaeoey /aeiaa/aneiai iauanoaa, eae o/ee ian ia?enenoneee enoiao. E oae
ieeiaaea a ?aaeueiie enoi?ee /aeiaa/anoaa ia auei neo/ay, /oiau
“ia?aiauoiiiaueiiue no?ie” “ia?aoiaeee” a ?aanoai, ?aanoai “ia?aoiaeeei”
a “oaiaeaeeci”, “oaiaeaeeci” a “eaieoaeeci” e o. ae. Ana yoi iieiaeoay
/ooue ia?enenoneiai enoiaoa. Ia?en aue e?aeia iaaaaeanoaaiiui enoi?eeii
e aieueoei oaioaca?ii.

E any iaoa “aeaiie?aoe/anei-?uii/iay ?aaiethoeey” ia i?eaaea i?aeoe/anee
ie e eaeei iieiaeeoaeueiui ?acoeueoaoai, iioiio /oi ecia/aeueii
caeiaeaiiay eiioeaioeey “ia?ano?ieee” neiaeeaoeony
iauanoaaiii-iieeoeei-nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo no?oeoo? auea e yaeyaony
iaaa?iie. AEaeay ia ionoaoue io Caiaaea ii noaiaie oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe, iu
noaee eiie?iaaoue aai no?oeoo?u, ia iiieiay, /oi oai, a ioee/ea io ian,
yoe no?oeoo?u “iaania/aiu” aeaeaeneei iaioaeeoaoii iauanoaa, iie naie
neiaeeeenue oai, eae neaaenoaea eiaiii yoiai iaioaeeoaoa! O naay aea a
aeooiaiie iaeanoe iu caoioaee naeaeaoue aeiieie?othuei iai?aaeaieai
i?aaineaaea, ia iiieiay, /oi eae ?ac iii-oi e iieacaei e a Aecaioee e a
?innee naith ianinoiyoaeueiinoue i?eaeoue iauanoao aeaeaeneia
ie?iaicc?aiea, eioi?ia, a naith i/a?aaeue, e yaeyaony aeooiaiie iniiaie
aeaiie?aoee e oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe.

Oaeei ia?acii, eiioeaioeey, eioi?oth ae?aooea iiaeii au?aceoue oae:
“No?oeoo?u aa?ai n Caiaaea, a “aeooiaiinoue” inoaaeyai iaoo, e iiyoiio
aeieie anao eiineaaiuo i?iiiaaaeieeia” yaeyaony a ei?ia iaaa?iie! Aa?iie
yaeyaony neaaeothuay eiioeaioeey: “Aa?ai n Caiaaea oieueei aeaeaenee
i?eaioe?iaaiioth “aeooiaiinoue”, a i no?oeoo?ao aiiaua ia aaniieieiny –
iie onoaiiayony naie niaie.”

Iicoiio aii?in, iaae eioi?ui eiiatho aieiao: “aaea” iu iaoiaeeiny, – a
eiiioiecia, eaieoaeecia, nioeeaeecia eee oaiaeaeecia, e /oi iai iaaei
“no?ieoue”, – yaeyaony ia naiii aeaea niaa?oaiii aanniuneaiiui. Iao
o?iaaiue oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe (eae e o?iaaiue oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe ethaiai
iauanoaa) caaeneo io oiai, ianeieueei iu a naiae aeecie ?oeiaiaenoaoainy
caiiaaaeaiiuie Aiaii enoeiaie e i?eioeeiaie. A (aua ?ac iiaoi?einy)
iauanoaaiiua no?oeoo?u, “nenoaia”, “no?ie” e i?i/aa, – ana yoi yaeyaony
oaea neaaenoaeai oiai eee eiiai ie?iaicc?aiey.

Eoae, ieeaeeo “iauaeoeaiuo” caeiiia ?acaeoey /aeiaa/aneiai iauanoaa
i?inoi ia nouanoaoao. “?acaeoinoue” e oeeaeeeciaaiiinoue /aeiaa/aneiai
iauanoaa ia caaenyo io nouanoaothuae a iai
nioeeaeueii-iieeoeei-yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu – iie caaenyo io oiai, a
eaeie ia?a ethaee a oaea nouanoaothuae nenoaia inouanoaeytho ioeac io
aeaeaiey cea. Eiaiii yoio naiaiaeii aua?aiiue aieaaie ioeac io aeaeaiey
cea aunaiaiaeaeaao yia?aeth e a?aiy ethaeae aeey eiino?oeoeaiie
aeayoaeueiinoe, /oi, a eiia/iii eoiaa, e i?eaiaeeo e iiauoaieth o?iaiy
aeecie, yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey e iauae oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe iauanoaa.
Iniiaie aea aeey oaeiai “naiaiaeiiai aieaaiai ioeaca” yaeyaony
?aeeaeiciay aa?a a Aiaa, ii a Aiaa, ia i?eaeoiaiiiai ?acee/iuie
naeoaioneeie e oeeinioneeie o/aieyie, a a aeaeaeneiai Aiaa – io anoue
Aiaa, aaniethoii aaeaeaaoii iienaiiiai a 66 eaiiie/aneeo eieaao
Nayuaiiiai Ienaiey.

Anee /eoaoaeue aeinoaoi/ii aaeoi/eai e aieiaoaeueii ioianny e yoie
noaouea, oi, iaaa?iia, ii iniciaao, aa ia?iiioth aaaeiinoue a i?eiaiaiee
eiaiii e iaoaio a?aiaie, e nia?aiaiiui i?iaeaiai, – iniaaiii, a iaeanoe
yeiiiieei-iieeoe/aneie. Aaaeue ana iaoe oae iacuaaaiua “?aoi?iu” a
iaeanoe iieeoe/aneie e yeiiiie/aneie nenoai – anoue ia /oi eiia, eae
iiiuoea ?aoeoue iauanoaaiiua i?iaeaiu iooai /enoi no?oeoo?iuo
ia?anoaiiaie; iie io?aaeatho “?aaa?nenoneia” ie?iaicc?aiea ?aoi?iaoi?ia,
eioi?ia i?aeoe/anee ieeiaaea ia i?eaiaeeei e eaeei-eeai iieiaeeoaeueiui
?acoeueoaoai. Yoi iiieiae aua aeaaeooea E.N. E?ueia (aai aaniy
“Eaa?oao”, ii-nooe, e iinayuaia yoiio caaeoaeaeaieth), ii, e
niaeaeaieth, yoiai ia iiieiatho e ia iiieiaee ie nia?aiaiiua
?aoi?iaoi?u, ie ?aoi?iaoi?u i?ioeiai. Anee acyoue yeiiiieeo, oi
nia?aiaiiay “/oaaenianeay” i?eaaoecaoeey ?acaa ia anoue i?ae?aniue
iaaeyaeiue i?eia? “?aaa?nenoneiai” iuoeaiey e aeieacaoaeuenoai oiai, /oi
oaeia iuoeaiea yaeyaony aanieiaeiui? A aio i?ioeaiiieiaeiue i?eia?:
yeiiiie/aneay iieeoeea iineianeeo aeanoae aeaea ?acoeueoaou iaiiiai
aieaa iieiaeeoaeueiua, a iia eae ?ac e ioee/aaony io oaaea?aeueiie
nouanoaaiii iaiueoae noaiaiueth “?aaa?necia”. Iia i?aaenoaaeyea niaie
i?inoi aieaa niieieiia aaeieieno?e?iaaiea, ecaaaathuaa ?aceeo
no?oeoo?iuo “?aoi?i”.

Oi?ioi, – neaaeao aaeoi/eaue e aieiaoaeueiue /eoaoaeue, ana, /oi au ooo
iaaiai?eee, – ana yoi iiiyoii e aac noieue aeeeiiuo aeieacaoaeuenoa, ii
au ioaaoueoa, iai?eia?, ia oaeie o?eaeaeueiue aii?in: anee, iai?eia?,
ii-aaoaio, ai?aa/aaneay “ia?ano?ieea” (ia aiai?y oae i aeaeueiaeoeo
aeueoeeineeo ?aoi?iao) anoue ia /oi eiia, eae ?aciiaeaeiinoue
e?eoeeoaiiai aaie “?aaa?necia”, io eioi?iai iaeei oieueei a?aae, oi eae,
ii-aaoaio, aeieaeiu auee aeaenoaiaaoue aeanoe i?e Ai?aa/aaa, /oiau
auaanoe no?aio ec e?ecena?

Ioaao niaa?oaiii i/aaeaeai. Oae eae “niciaiea i?aaeaeyao auoea”, a ia
“auoea ii?aaeaeyao niciaiea”, oi ynii, /oi i?e/eia e?ecena caeeth/aeanue
ia a no?oeoo?ao, ia a “iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneie nenoaia”, a a e ae a i e
i a e e. Anee iuneaiii aa?iooueny e a?aiaiai ia/aea “ia?ano?ieee”, oi
ynii, /oi iaeaieaa iioeiaeueiui auei au nio?aiaiea aeanoe eiiia?oeae i?e
ei?aiiii eciaiaiee e ae a i e i a e e. Iioiio /oi aeaaiay i?e/eia
ionoaaaiey ?innee io Caiaaea – yoi i?aaeaea anaai eiaeiay eaeaieiaey,
aace?othuayny ia aaniethoii eiaeiie oeeinioee (ia?enecia-eaieiecia), a
aiana ia oa iauanoaaiii-yeiiiieei- iieeoe/aneea no?oeoo?u, eioi?ua
neiaeeeenue i?e yoie eaeaieiaee. ?aoi?ie?iaaoue iaaei auei i?aaeaea
anaai a c a e y ae u, a ia no?oeoo?u. Eai ana no?oeoo?u neeaaeuaathony a
?acoeueoaoa eaeeo-eeai ii?aaeaeaiiuo ?aoaiee, a aio naie ?aoaiey
i?eieiathony ia iniiaa ii?aaeaeaiiuo a c a e y ae i a.

E i?e yoii, eo/oa anaai, eiia/ii, auei au, /oiau eaeaieiaey noiyuae o
aeanoe eiiia?oee iinoaiaiii noaiiaeeanue au ana aieaa e aieaa
o?enoeaineie, aeaeaeneie. Oiaaea a eiioea yoiai iu eiaee au. . . /oi? Iu
eiaee au no?aio n i?aayuae o?enoeainei-aeaiie?aoe/aneie ia?oeae, – io,
oeia oie, /oi i?aaeea aeinoaoi/ii i?iaeieaeeoaeueiia a?aiy a Caiaaeiie
Aa?iaiee, /oi e i?eaaei iineaaeithth e i?ioeaaoaieth.

Anee eiio-oi oaeie iiaeoiae iieaaeaony iaeaiui, i?eaaaeo iaaeyaeiue
i?eia?. A niaaeaiianeea a?aiaia /aeiaae iia iieo/eoue auaiai? ii
ia?oeeiie eeiee ca “aii?aeueiia iiaaaeaiea” – anee, e i?eia?o, ii
eciaiee aeaia. Ii aaaeue, niaeanii ia?enecio, a?ae anoue ao?aeoaciue
ia?aaeeoie. A “naiaiaeiay ethaiaue” eae ?ac niioaaonoaoao eiaiii
ia?enenoneiio ie?iaicc?aieth (/eoaeoa E. Ma?ena). Oi anoue, anee au
eiiia?oey aeaenoaeoaeueii iineaaeiaaoaeueii eniiaaaeiaaea au ia?eneci,
oi ethaeyi, ca “aii?aeueiia iiaaaeaiea” aeieaeiu auee au aua e i?aieth
aeaaaoue e aiiaua eo noaaeoue a i?eia? inoaeueiui. Oeaiiinoue aea a?aea
e aiiaua “ii?aeueiiai iiaaaeaiey” anoue i?a?iaaoeaa eeoue o?enoeaineiai
ie?iaicc?aiey (iai?eia?, caiiaaaeue “ia i?aethaiaeaenoaoe”).

Eia/a aiai?y, (e oaeeaeoaeueii, /oi oaeoth i?inooth aauue iiiaea ia
iiieiatho), /oi ?aaeueii eiiia?oey eaeaieiae/anee eniiaaaeiaaea ia
ia?eneci, a i?e/oaeeeaoth nianue ia?enecia e o?enoeainoaa. E eiaiii
aeaaiaea?y “o?enoeaineie ninoaaeythuae” no?aia aeiaeeanue ii?aaeaeaiiuo
oniaoia ai iiiaeo iaeanoyo iaoee e i?iiuoeaiiinoe, eneonnoaa e aiiaua,
niiaea i?inouanoaiaaoue oeaeuo 70 eao. Ia “niaanoe” aea ia?enenoneie
eaeaieiae/aneie ninoaaeythuae – eiioeeaaa?y, aieiu, ?anno?aeu iaaeiiuo
ethaeae e i?. i?. i?.

Iiyoiio caaea/a-oi auea i?inoa – aeaeaaoueny a noi?iio ana aieueoae e
aieueoae o?enoeaiecaoeee eaeaieiaee. Iai?eia?, iayooaeoeaiia
eieeaeoeaenoneia naeueneia oicyenoai, aeaaioeci a i?iiuoeaiiinoe – ana
yoi iieo/eei ?ani?ino?aiaiea iiyoue aea “aeaaiaea?y” ia?enenoneie
eaeaieiae/aneie ninoaaeythuae (a ia?enenoneie ?aeeaee /anoiay
nianoaaiiinoue ia caieth e ia n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa anoue cei, – e
eiaiii yoio acaeyae aucaae oaeoth aunieoth noaiaiue iainoaea?noaeaiey
yeiiiieee).

E “i?iea?aee” Caiaaeo iu ii i/aiue i?inoie i?e/eia – “o?enoeaineay
ninoaaeythuay” caiaaeiiai ie?iaicc?aiey auea nouanoaaiii auoa, /ai oa
aea “ninoaaeythuay” ?inneeneiai iaioaeeoaoa, e, a /anoiinoe, a
eaeaieiaee i?aayuae eiiia?oee.

A caeeth/aiea oioaeinue au ioiaoeoue aua iaeio aauue. E?eoeeoy
“?aaa?neci” ?aoi?iaoi?ia, iaiaoiaeeii, oai ia iaiaa, ioiaoeoue, /oi a
nia?aiaiiie ?innee ae?oaie iieeoe/aneie iieiaeeoaeueiie aeueoa?iaoeau
iiea iao. Ae?oaie iiethn – iaoeeiiae-aieueoaaeci, iaoeeci, oaoeci. Ii,
iiaeao auoue, e ia neeoeii “aieai” ?aaa?neciii (oioy yoi aua eae
neacaoue), ii iianai ai?acaei aieaa a?aaeiuie caaeoaeaeaieyie e e?aeia
aioeo?enoeaineeie acaeyaeaie (/eoaeoa ae?oaea noaouee ia yoii naeoa).
Iianiinoue ?aaa?necia nia?aiaiiuo ?aoi?iaoi?ia, iaoiaeyueony a aeaiiia
a?aiy o aeanoe, a oii e ninoieo, /oi, ?acaaeeaay yeiiiieeo, iie aeatho
iieeoe/aneea eicu?e oaoenoai, a oae eiaaea oa i?eaeoo e aeanoe, iie e
?acaaeaiiie yeiiiieea aua aeiaaayo aieiu n ae?oaeie ainoaea?noaaie,
oece/aneia eno?aaeaiea aa?aaa, o?enoeai e anao aieaa-iaiaa ii?yaei/iuo
ethaeae, e o. ae., /oi i?eaaaeao e ieii/aoaeueiie aeaaee ainoaea?noaa.

E aua iaeia aaaea iaoaai iuoeaiey (e i/aiue aieueoay) a oii, /oi, aeaaea
anee iiiaea e iiieiatho iaiaoiaeeiinoue e aaaeiinoue o?enoeaiecaoeee
niciaiey ia?iaea, i/aiue iaei eoi iiieiaao, /oi oaeia o?enoeainoai
aiiaua, e i/aiue iaei eoi iiaeao ioee/eoue enoeiiia o?enoeainoai,
iniiaaiiia ia Aeaeee, io eaeao?enoeainoaa iiiaeo naeo, a, naiia aeaaiia,
i/aiue iaei eoi iiieiaao, /oi i?aaineaaea eae ?ac e ioiineony e iaeiie
ec oaeeo eaeao?enoeaineeo naeo, eai ii i/aiue iiiaei ioieoai i?yii
i?ioeai?a/eo Ienaieth, e aiiaua, i?aaenoaaeyao niaie e?aeia oa?enaeneia
eca?auaiea aeaeaeneiai o?enoeainoaa, e /oi eiaiii iii, i?aaineaaea
yaeyaony i?e/eiie aeaaee Aecaioee e aaeiaie ionoaeinoe ?innee e ae?oaeo
no?ai, aai eniiaaaeothueo, /oi eiaiii iii, i?aaineaaea, aeiiaii a
nioeeaeueiie eaoano?ioa, neo/eaoaeny a ?innee a 1917 aiaeo.

Iiyoiio, aeaaea anee nia?aiaiiua aeanoe e iiieiatho anth aaaeiinoue
iiauoaiey a no?aia o?iaiy o?enoeaineie ?aeeaeiciinoe e i?aanoaaiiinoe,
ec-ca iaiiieiaiey ioee/ey enoeiiiai aeaeaeneiai o?enoeainoaa io
oa?enaenei-naeoaionei-i?aaineaaiiai, iie, aeoiay, /oi “aic?iaeaeatho”
aeooiaiinoue e iiauoatho i?aanoaaiiinoue a iauanoaa, aic?iaeaeatho eeoue
oa?enaeneea, a ia o?enoeaineea acaeyaeu, eioi?ua ie/ooue ia eo/oa
ia?enenoneeo, e yoei eeoue iiyoue i?eaeeaeatho no?aio e i/a?aaeiie
aeaaee.

Naie iocuau e caia/aiey i?enueaeoa ii aae?ano:

HYPERLINK “mailto: [email protected][email protected]

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