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Ioieoeeiaeueiay iauaia?aciaaoaeueiay

n?aaeiyy oeiea ?43 a. I?nea.

? A O A ? A O.

ii enoi?ee ia oaio:

“?aoeaen naiaiaeu”

Auiieiee:
o/aiee 9 “A” eeanna

Oaieaa
Ai?en.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue: o/eoaeue

enoi?ee
Aeaaiaauaineay

Iaoaeuey
Ai?eniaia.

2001 aiae

NIAeA?AEAIEA

no?
1.Aaaaeaiea…………………………………………………….
…………

2. I aeaeaeaiee nii?ioeaeaiey eee aeenneaeaioao…….

3. Yoaiu enoi?ee eiaeiiuneey……………………………….

I?aaeunoi?ey
(1956-1965)…………………

Ca?iaeaeaiea
(1965-1967)………………..

Eiinieeaeaoeey
(1968-1969)………………..

?anoe?aiea
(1970-1972)………………..

E?ecen e aai i?aiaeieaiea (1972-1974)………………..

“Oaeueneineee” ia?eiae (1975-1979)………………..

Caeao
(1980-1984)………………..

4. Yioeeeeiiaaeey ii
enoi?ee………………………………………

— Iiaeiieueiua
a?oiiu…………………………………………

— *oaiea o iaiyoieea Iayeianeiio…………………….

— Noae iaae Aeaieyeai e Neiyaneei……………………….

— Aeaiiino?aoeey ia Iooeeineie ieiuaaee…………….

— Aaoiei Ay/aneaa Eaaiiae/……………………………….

— Iiia?aioe A?eai?ee Nieiiiiiae/……………………..

5. A?oea ii enoi?ee
aeenneaeaioia………………………………….

1. Ecaeaoaeuenoai
“O?iieea”………………………………………..

2. Eaieia?aaeneay
eieeaeoeey………………………………………

3. Eieeaeoeey E.
Ethaa?neiai……………………………………..

4. Nai?iee
“Iaiyoue”…………………………………………………

5. Eieeaeoeey E.
Iaaaiaoueyia……………………………………

6. I.
Eoaaea…………………………………………………………
.

7. A.
Nie?iia………………………………………………………..
.

8. Y.
Oyiyeyeiai…………………………………………………….

9. A.
Naiieeiaa………………………………………………………
.

10. O.
Naaoia…………………………………………………………
….

11. E.
Eaieoi…………………………………………………………
….

12. TH.
Aaeaineia………………………………………………………
..

13. I.
A?eaiaiei………………………………………………………
..

14. ?aai/ay eiienney ii ?anneaaeiaaieth eniieueci-……….

aaieth ineoeao?ee a iieeoe/aneeo oeaeyo……………

15. “*a?iua iaiee” A
Aaoieia……………………………………..

16. A?oiiu aeaenoaee auiieiaiey Oaeueneineeo ……………

niaeaoaiee a
NNN?………………………………………………..

17. Eiieoao i?aa
/aeiaaea……………………………………………

no?.

18. Ananithciay oea?eiaue Aa?iuo e naiaiaeiuo

Aaeaaioenoia naaeueiiai aeiy (AOe
ANANAe)………………..43

19. Atheeaoaiue “O?iieea oaeoueo niauoee”………………..43

20. Atheeaoaiue “A” e
“+”…………………………………………….43

6. Aeieoiaiou a?oeaiiai
iaoa?eaea…………………………………44

1. O?iieea oaeoueo
niauoee……………………………………..45

2. I?ioeann
/aou?ao………………………………………………….50

3.
Aa/a…………………………………………………………..
………….52

4.
“Neioaenen”…………………………………………………….
…….52

. 5. Atheeaoaie “A” e
“+”……………………………………………..52

. 6.
EA…………………………………………………………….
…………..53

7. “I iao?eioecia e aeenneaeainoaa Iaaeiaa”……………………54

1. “ss aue, anoue, e inoaionue nuiii
?iaeeiu”…………………..56

2. Io?aiiay
a?aiioa……………………………………………………59.

3. “Ianeeea aeaaea iaae
iaoeie”………………………………………63

4. “Oaeo iiaaeueiiai
a?anoiauaaiey”…………………………..65

5. I aeaa?aaeaoeee oece/aneiai e aeooiaiiai caei?iauey.

ia?iaea………………………………………………………..
………….67

6. “?iiai ni
noa?eeii”………………………………………………..69

7. “ss oi/o
aa?eoue…”…………………………………………………….
.71

8. Aiaiii-iao?eioe/aneee nithc “?oaaae”…………………………74

9.
Caeeth/aiea…………………………………………………….
………….81

10. Nienie eniieuecoaiie
eeoa?aoo?u………………………………82

A A A Ae A I E A.

“?aoeaen Naiaiaeu” eaeia aieia iiiyoea naiaiaeiiai iuoeaiey
/aeiaa/anoaa, nouiinoe aa?iiiee /aeiaa/aneiai aeinoieinoaa.
Iiciaeiieaoenue n eeoa?aoo?ie, a?oeaiuie aeieoiaioaie,
ni?aai/ieeaie, eieaaie (“Nai?iee i noaea iaae aeenneaeaioaie”,
“*a?iiaua caienee E. I. Iaaeiaa ai a?aiy aieacie”, “Eaieineee nai?iee”),
i?i/eoaa noeoe I. Iaiaeaeueooaia, I. Oeaaoaaaie, TH. Aaeaineiai, y
iiiye, /oi yoio iaoa?eae i/aiue eioa?aniue. Ethaee i?eaeaeee iia
aieiaiea ia oieueei eae iiyou, ii e eae ee/iinoe, eae /aeiaa/aneee
eiaeeaeaeooi. ss i?aeeiiythnue ia?aae eo /oanoaii nianoaaiiiai
aeinoieinoaa, ia?aae eo neeie aiee, ioaeanoaii, ene?aiiinoueth, a oae
aea e eo i/aiue aeoaieie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth ca noaeueao ?iaeeiu. Iaiy
anaaaea aieiiaaea oaeay aeeciaiiay iiceoeey. E iia oiaea oioaeinue au
au?aaioaoue a naaa yoio “?aoeaen naiaiaeu”, eae oi/ii au?aceeny aaeeeee
aeaaeaiee Iaaeia. Yoo oaio y n/eoath i/aiue aeooaeueiie a iaoa a?aiy
– a?aiy ia?aoiaeiiai ia?eiaea a enoi?ee iaoae ?iaeeiu. ?inney iaiiaeyao
naith enoi?e/aneoth eiioeaioeeth, no?aiynue o/anoue ioeaee i?ioeiai e
i?iaaaeaiea iiauo ?aoi?i, iai?aaeaiiuo ia oeo/oaiea
aeaaininoiyiey eaaeaeiai /eaia iaoaai iauanoaa. A ?aciua ia?aoiaeiua
ia?eiaeu iiae ?iaeeiu iaaethaeaeanue i/a?aaeiay “ooa/ea iicaia” ca
a?aieoeo. Yoi i?ienoiaeeei ii ?aciui ianoiyoaeuenoaai, ii a
aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa ec-ca aeoaieiai yeiiiie/aneiai e?ecena. Iiyoiio,
eioa?anoynue aeenneaeaioneei aeaeaeaieai, y oi/o iiiyoue aeaaiia,
enneaaeiaaoue iuneue i oii, eae ca?iaeaeaeinue aeenneaeaionoai,
enneaaeiaaoue aai o?iiieiaeth, iiiyoue, /oi aeaeaeao eie e eae
ainieoaoue a naaa oaeie “?aoeaen naiaiaeu”. Aeey yoiai iia auei
eioa?anii iiciaeiieoueny n aeia?aoeae i?aaenoaaeoaeae aeenneaeaioneiai
aeaeaeaiey, eo aeayoaeueiinoueth, eo acaeiiioiioaieyie n ainoaea?noaii,
i?aaeoaeuenoaii, n eo acaeyaeaie ia enoi?eth iaoaai ainoaea?noaa.
I?iaiaeece?iaaoue oaeouea niauoey oiai a?aiaie, oie yiioe, a eioi?ie
aeeee ethaee, ieeiaaea ia noiyuea ca ai?oii enoi?ee ainoaea?noaa. Iaiy
iniaaiii caeioa?aniaaea eioi?iaoeey i oaeeo aeieoiaioao, eae
“I?ioeann /aou?ao”, “Atheeaoaie “A” e “+”, “O?iieee oaeoueo niauoee”,
“Yoaiu enoi?ee eiaeiiuneey” e ae?oaea a?oeaiua iaoa?eaeu. Nai?iee
noeoia Iaiaeaeueooaia, Ia?eiu Oeaaoaaaie, Aeaieyey, Neiyaneiai
o?iioee iaiy aeoaiei ca aeooo naiae aeoaieie iunee, niaeinoueth e
ioe?uoinoueth ia?aaeeaaiey ca noaeueao /aeiaa/anoaa. Yoe ethaee,
aeenneaeaiou, eae eo iacuaatho, eo noaeueau, yaeeenue aeey iaiy i?eia?ii
aeeciaiiie iiceoeee, i?eia?ii noieeinoe a aeinoeaeaiee naiae oeaee.

A naiai ?aoa?aoa y no?aieeny io?aceoue yoaiu enoi?ee ;
eiaeiiuneey ii ia?eiaeai.

1) I?aaeunoi?ey (1956-1965)

2) Ca?iaeaeaiea (1965-1967)

3) Eiinieeaeaoeey (1968-1969)

4) ?anoe?aiea (1970-1972)

5) E?ecen e aai i?aiaeieaiea (1972-1974)

6) “Oaeueneineee” ia?eiae (1975-1979)

7) Caeao (1980-1984)

ia?aaeaoue yioeeeeiiaaee/aneea iaoa?eaeu i aeenneaeaioneii aeaeaeaiee,
aai i?aaenoaaeoaeyo, a oae aea inaaoeoue aieaa iiae?iaii iaeioi?ua
niauoey, iieeoe/aneea i?ioeannu aeenneaeaioneiai aeaeaeaiey. Ii aeaaiia
auei oi, eae yoe ee/iinoe eiay oaeie “?aoeaen naiaiaeu”, iiaee noieei
ionoaeaaoue naith aeeciaiioth iiceoeeth. Iaeaieueoee eioa?an, ia iie
acaeyae, i?aaenoaaeyao a?oea ii enoi?ee aeenneaeaioia, o.e. a o/aaiie
i?ia?aiia eo?na ii anaiauae enoi?ee yoa oaia aeaia neeoeii e?aoei, a
ca/anooth i?ioeai?a/eai. A iaoai ai?iaea oaia?ue oaea iiiaea ciatho i
aiaiii – iao?eioe/aneii nithca “?oaaae”. Ia/aeueieeii ooaaa eioi?iai
yaeyaony Oi?ueyeia Aeaaeeie? Aeaaeeie?iae/. A i?ia?aiiiii cayaeaiee
ana?inneeneiai iauanoaaiiiai aeaeaeaiey “Iaoa i?aai” aiai?eony:
“Ia?aoiae ?inneeneiai iauanoaa e aeaiie?aoee e ?uii/iui ?aoi?iai,
naycaiiuo n aiiethueie ecaea?aeeaie e ioeaeaie iauaeoeaiiai
oa?aeoa?a, ?acei oooaeoeee i?aaiaoth caueoo eioa?ania a?aaeaeai,
aucaaee ac?uaiiianioth aieio i?anooiiiai aani?aaeaea e
ei??oioeee”. A yoeo oneiaeyo iniaaiii ino?i anoaao aii?in i
iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?eiyoey naiuo n?i/iuo ia? ii ea/anoaaiiiio
iiauoaieth oneiaee ai?ueau n i?anooiiinoueth e ei??oioeeae e
nicaeaieth nia?aiaiiie iaaeaaeiie ainoaea?noaaiiie e iauanoaaiiie
nenoaiu caueou ee/iuo e eiouanoaaiiuo i?aa eaaeaeiai /eaia iauanoaa.
Noaey ii aeayoaeueiinoe iao?eioe/aneiai aeaeaeaiey “?oaaae”, oai
iauaaeeieeenue yia?ae/iua, oeaeaono?aieaiiua e aeoaiei iao?eioe/iua,
ca iea/aie o eioi?uo – iaeaaeay aiaiiay neoaeaa E “?oaaaeo” a iaoai
ai?iaea ioiioaiea iai?aeeia?iia. Iiiaea iaaeiytho eo a ioe?uoii
iaoeeiiaeecia. Oeaio?aeueiua n?aaenoaa ianniaie eioi?iaoeee oi?aeatho
“?oaaae” a oii, /oi iie eae au i?aneaaeotho eeoe eaaeacneie
iaoeeiiaeueiinoe, ii “?oaaaeiaoeu” aunooiatho ia i?ioea eeoe eaaeacneie
iaoeeiiaeueiinoe, a n oaie ai?thony, eoi ia e?iae e neacao oi/ao
neieioeoue naaa aaccaaioiia caao?a. *eaiu Nithca ia aeaeoo iiiiue ni
noi?iiu e aioiau naie ai?ioueny i?ioea ia?eiiaoee e ae?oaiai
aani?aaeaea A iaoa?eaea, eioi?ue nia?ai a iiai ?aoa?aoa, ?anneacuaaaony
i aeayoaeueiinoe “?oaaaea”, oae eae /eaiu yoiai iauaaeeiaiey no?aiyony
ia ia neiaao, a ia aeaea aianoe naith eaioo a oeo/oaiea aeecie iiaai
?iaeiiai ai?iaea, iiae iaeie ?iaeeiu. Oi?ueyeia e aai
aaeeiiiuoeaiieee ia?aoeee aieiaiea “eia?oiuo” iauaaoaeae ia aeaaioth
i?iaeaio ai?iaea: iaaeeaiiia, ii aa?iia iia?oaeaiea a ia?eioe/aneee
iioo. A aaaeue aac iiiiue naieo aeeoaeae, ian n aaie, ie OAAe, ie
“?oaaae” ia nianao iiaenaaoee ia eaeo ai?iae Aeaaiia aeey “?oaaaea”
aeaea, a ia i?iiaaaiaea. EAeOe anaaaea ioe?uo aeey iieiaeaaee. Oai
i?ioiaeyo “ia?aoiiu”, iocueaeueiua ooniaee, aeeneioaee. Iieiaeaaeue
ai?iaea ioioii ioeeeeaaony ia yoe ia?ii?eyoey e “?oaaae”, a naith
i/a?aaeue anaaaea aioia anoaoue ia caueoo eioa?ania iieiaeuo. Iai?eia?,
ionoue iaeaiueeoth, ii ii-

iiuue “?oaaae” ieacae iiae oeiea, iie aeiaeeee naith eaioo a iieoieo
iocueaeueiiai oeaio?a aeey oeieu, aeaiueae, au?o/aiiua io
“ia?aoiiia” ia?a/eneytho a aeaoneea o/?aaeaeaiey, aieueieoeu.

Oaeaea aieueoie eioa?an i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ?aaioa ecaanoiiai
o/aiiai, aeaaeaieea E I Iaaeiaa: “?aoeaen naiaiaeu”. Aeieoi?
iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe, /eai – ei??aniiiaeaio ?AII Ainoaea?noaaiiiai
iao/iiai oeaio?a ioeueiiiieiae Ieicae?aaa ?O A. I. Niiieei a
aieueoii aeieeaaea, iinayuaiiii 150-eaoeth ni aeiy ?iaeaeaiey E. I.
Iaaeiaa i/aiue aeoaiei aiaeece?oao a?aaeaeaineoth iiceoeeth
aeaaeaieea, /aoei ii?aaeaeyao, /oi oaeia eiaeiiuneea, e y iieiinoueth
niaeanai n oai auaiaeii, eioi?ue aiai?eo, /oi eiaeiiuneea e
aioeniaaoneia aeaeaeaiea – yoi ia iaeii e oiaea. Enoi?ey aeieacaea, /oi
iao?eioe/aneia /oanoai ai?acaei aeoaaea e y n/eoath, /oi
?anniao?eaaoue iao?eioeci n oi/ee c?aiey ioiioaiey e
nouanoaothuaio no?ith ioaeii ii iiiaei aniaeoai eae
iieeoe/aneei, oae e yeiiiie/aneei, a oae aea iauanoaaiiui e
nioeeaeueiui. A yoie ?aaioa iaiy i?eaeaeea naia ee/iinoue aeaaeaieea,
aai naiaiaeiiuneea. Ia caiaaea aai n/eoaee “aaeeinoaaiiui
naiaiaeiui a?aaeaeaieiii ?innee” a oiaea a?aiy a naie 86 eao ii
aiaeece?iaae iieeoe/aneea niauoey aeoaaea iiiaeo iieeoieiaia e ?aaeei
ioeaaeny a ia?niaeoeaa ioeaiee iineaaenoaee. Aio iin/anoeeaeeinue
nio?aieoue yniinoue iuoeaiey aei iineaaeiaai aeiy aeieaie aeecie. “ss
aue anoue e inoaionue ?onneei /aeiaaeii, nuiii ?iaeeiu, aa aeeciueth
i?aaeaea anaai y eioa?anothnue, aa eioa?anaie aeeao, aa aeinoieinoaii
oe?aieyth naia aeinoieinoai”. Aio oaeia i?eciaiea ecaanoiiai o/aiiai y
aa?o aeey i?eia?a a naiai iuoeaiee, a naiai naiaiaeiiuneee; eae ii
nio?aiyao i?aai aiai?eoue i?aaaeo, i?ioanoiaaoue i?ioea oiai, /oi
n/eoath iani?aaaaeeeaui e a?aaeiui aeey iiae Aieueoie e Iaeie ?iaeeiu,
neoaeeoue i?aaeaea anaai iiaio Ioa/anoao.

I aeaeaeaiee nii?ioeaeaiee

eee

aeenneaeaioao.

Yoi – y,

I?ecuaathuee e i?aaaea e aoioo,

Ia aeaeathuee aieueoa neoaeeoue,

?ao aaoe /a?iua ioou,

Nioeaiiua ec eaee.

I AeAEAEAIEE NII?IOEAEAIEss EEE AeENNEAeAIOAO

Iaei eeoa?aoo?u ia yoo oaio. Anoue ainiiieiaiey aai o/anoieeia,
i?aeiouanoaaiii aea?oa noaeeiecia. A naiai ?aoa?aoa y ?anneaaeo i
iineaaiaiiii aeaeaeaiea nii?ioeaeaiey. Iiiaea n/eoatho, /oi
aeenneaeaioai aa?eoue iaeuecy. Ii iaeioi?ua auaeathueany ee/iinoe,
eioi?uo i?e/eneytho e aeenneaeaioai, naay oaeiauie ia n/eoatho. Y?ino
Iaecaanoiue ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi aeenneaeaiou ?ac?ooeoaee, a ii – oai?aoe.
Nieaeaieoeui cayaee, /oi ii ia- aeenneaeaio, o. e. a ioee/ea io ieo ia
i?eieiaao ie Niaaoneiai no?iy, ie aai eiinoeoooeee. Yoe ?aciiaeaney
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i oii, /oi a aeenneaeaioneii aeaeaeaiea ia auei
aaeeinoaa. A Niaaoneia a?aiy aeo?iaeenou iacuaaee aeenneaeaioii
eaaeaeiai, eoi ia niaeanai n Niaaoneie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth. Aeaeaeaiea
ca?iaeaeaeinue iinea aieiu, ii auei ?ac?iciaiiui: iiiuoee oa??aeoia,
aaeeie/iua aunooieaiey a eeoa?aoo?a e iaoea. Niaianoiuo iauaaeaiiuo
aeaenoaee e aunooieaiee ia auei. Iinea iiaaaeu a aieia, ethaee
ii/oanoaiaaee a naaa neeu Noaee ia?aciauaaoueny iieiaeaaeiua a?oiiu,
no?aiyueany ai?ioueny ni noaeeineie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth. Iinea XX
nuacaea OeE EINN aioo?aiiyy iieeoeea cia/eoaeueii niya/eeanue: “ca
iieeoeeo naaeaee ia eaaeaeiai 10 – ai, a oieueei naiuo aeoeaiuo e
niaeuo”. Aicieeee oaeiua e?oaeee. Iaeaieaa ecaanoiui noaei aeaeaeaiea ca
i?aaa /aeiaaea. Ca?iaeaeaieth aeaeaeaiey nii?ioeaeaiey iiiia
Iayeianeee. O aai iaiyoieea n eiioea iyoeaeanyouo noaee /eoaoue noeoe
iieiaeua iiyou N?aaee ieo auee A Ineiia, Y Eociaoeia, A. Aoeianeee A
eo /enei aoiaeee e A. Anaiei – Aieueiei. Ii oaeaeaeny iiyceae,
iaoaiaoe/aneie eiaeeie, oiae ia?auaoueny n aeenneaeaioaie e
eioaeooaeaie. Ii aai eieoeeaoeaa iinea a?anoa Aeaieyey e Neeiyaneiai
i?ioea caueoiay aeaiiino?aoeey. Eioi?ay i?iecioea 5 aeaeaa?y 1965, ia
Iooeeineie ieiuaaee, a. Iineaa. O/anoieee auee a?anoiaaiu e inoaeaeaiu e
eeoaieth naiaiaeu A yoi a?aiy oaea iaae?ae neeo naeecaeao. N
oneeaieai aiiaiee a 60 – uo aiaeao aeaeaeaiea noaei y?/a i?iyaeyoueny. A
oa aea aiaeu aicieeea “O?iieea oaeoueo niauoee” — ia?eiaee/aneee
atheeaoaiue, ?aneacuaathuee i ia?ooaiea niaaoneie aeanoe i?aa
/aeiaaea. A iiya?a 1970 aiaea aue nicaeai eiieoao i?aa /aeiaaea.
Eieoeeaoi?ii aue *aeeaeca, iniiaaoaeyie Naoa?ia e Oaa?aeioiiiia.

Yoaiu enoi?ee eiaeiiuneey.

I. I?aaeunoi?ey (1956—1965)

Nenoaiiia?acothuee eiiiiiaio niaaoneiai aeennaioa — i?aaicaueoiia
aeaeaeaiea — aicieeei (ii e?aeiae ia?a, a ?innee) ia a ea/anoaa
ianeaaeieea ia?aaeeciaaiiuo iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneeo eioaioeee
i?aaeoanoaothuaai ia?eiaea, oioy iaeioi?ua caiaoiua o/anoieee
i?aaicaueoiiai aeaeaeaiey e i?ioee /a?ac iiuo iieeoe/aneiai iiaeiieuey.
Iii au?inei ec iaeanoi/aiiiai i?ioeainoiyiey niaaoneie ooaeiaeanoaaiiie
e iao/iie eioaeeeaaioeee iieeoeea i?aaeoaeuenoaa a aii?inao naiaiaeu
oai?/anoaa, i?aaeaea anaai — a noa?a ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u

A oa/aiea 10-15 eao, i?ioaaeoeo iinea XX nuacaea EINN eeaa?aeueii
iano?iaiiay eioaeeeaaioeey ianoie/eai iuoaeanue ioaiaaaoue aeey naay
ieieiaeueii naiaiaeiia io ainoaea?noaaiiiai aeeeoaoa i?ino?ainoai a
?aieao nenoaiu (iiiuoee auioneia eeoa?aoo?iuo nai?ieeia e aeueiaiaoia,
iiyoe/aneea aa/a?a a Iieeoaoie/aneii iocaa e ia noaaeeiia “Eoaeieee”,
“nooaeeeiua” oaao?aeueiua eieeaeoeau, iiiai/eneaiiua eeoa?aoo?iua
nooaeee e e?oaeee, o/anoieee eioi?uo noa?aeenue naanoe e ieieioio
nii?eeiniiaaiea n ioeoeeaeueiuie eoeueoo?iuie einoaioeeyie, aunoaaee
ooaeiaeieeia-aaaiaa?aeenoia a Iaiaaea; iiiaieaoiyy yiiiay ai?ueau
?aaeaeoeee aeo?iaea “Iiaue ie?” n oeaico?ie e iiiaia ae?oaia)
I?aaeoaeuenoai noieue aea ianoie/eai iuoaeinue i?ana/ue “eaaaeecaoeeth”
eeaa?aeueiuo oa/aiee a ioeoeeaeueiie niaaoneie eoeueoo?a, eniieuecoy
o?aaeeoeeiiiua n?aaenoaa oeaico?iua cai?aou, aaeieieno?aoeaiua aiiaiey,
iia?iiioth e?eoeeo a ia/aoe e o i

Iaeiia?aiaiii ana aieueoaa ianoi a eoeueoo?iie aeecie ia/aei caieiaoue
oi, /oi oaea oiaaea iacaaee “aoi?ie eoeueoo?ie”, o.a , oai?/aneay
aeoeaiinoue, ia iai?aaeaiiay ia caaiaaaiea eaeiai-eeai ianoa a
ioeoeeaeueii eiio?iee?oaiii eoeueoo?iii i?ioeanna e iii?inoo
eaii?e?othuay iaienaiua ii?iu yoiai i?ioeanna Aic?inei cia/aiea
o?aaeeoeeiiiiai aeey ?innee niiniaa auoiaaiey eeoa?aoo?iuo i?iecaaaeaiee
— naiecaeaoa, o.a., iaoeiiieniie ia?aia/aoee ?oeiienae a i?ioeanna eo
ieeai (a o / , e aaoi?ii) ia eiio?iee?oaiiai ?ani?ino?aiaiey Iiyaeeenue
naiecaeaoneea eeoa?aoo?iua nai?ieee e aeueiaiaoe Iaeiia?aiaiii n
iiyaeaieai a ee/iii iieueciaaiee iaaieoioiiia aicieeea “aaoi?neay” eee
“aa?aeianeay” ianiy. Ooaeiaeieee noaee aunoaaeyoue aeey ioaee/iiai
iaic?aiey a naieo ianoa?neeo nianoaaiiua ?aaiou e ?aaiou naieo eieeaa,
ia eni?aoeaay ia yoi ie/ueaai ?ac?aoaiey. Iieiaeaaeue ianeieueei eao
iiae?yae ono?aeaaea ?aaoey?iua ioaee/iua iiyoe/aneea /oaiey ia
ie.Iayeianeiai a Iineaa, a caoai i?aaieciaaea ia?aia ca iiiai
aeanyoeeaoee iacaaeneiia eeoa?aoo?iia iauaaeeiaiea — NIIA. Ioaeaeueiua
eeoa?aoi?u ia/aee

ioaeeeiaaoue naie i?iecaaaeaiey, ia eiathuea oainia i?ieoe

/a?ac niaaoneoth oeaico?o, ca ?oaaaeii — iiae naiei eiaiai, eae A
Ianoa?iae eee A Anaiei-Aieueiei, eee aea iiae inaaaeiieiaie, eae A
Neiyaneee e TH Aeaieyeue

A yoie iaeaeaiiie aoiinoa?a ia?iaiaioiiai i?ioeainoiyiey
eeaa?aeueiie (eae “nenoaiiie”, oae e “aianenoaiiie”) eioaeeeaaioeee e
i?aaeoaeuenoaa, iineaaeiaa niaa?oeei iainoi?iaeiue oaa. i?eiaieei i?ioea
ianeieueeeo i?aaenoaaeoaeae “aoi?ie eoeueoo?u” oaea ia
aaeieieno?aoeaiua, a oaieiaiua ?ai?annee

II. Ca?iaeaeaiea (1965—1967)

Iaiin?aaenoaaiiui oie/eii e aicieeiiaaieth a NNN? i?aaicaueoiiai
aeaeaeaiey ieacaeenue niauoey, naycaiiua n a?anoii aeaoo iineianeeo
eeoa?aoi?ia — Aiae?ay Neiyaneiai e THeey Aeaieyey, a oa/aiea ?yaea eao
oaeii ioaeeeiaaaoeo naie aaeeao?enoe/aneea i?iecaaaeaiey ia Caiaaea
iiae inaaaeiieiaie “Aa?ai Oa?oe” e “Ieeieae A?aeae” niioaaonoaaiii. Eo
a?ano e, a iniaaiiinoe noae iaae ieie, nii?iaiaeaeaaoeeny ianne?iaaiiie
aacaoiie i?iiaaaiaeenoneie aoaeie ia eeoa?aoo?ioth aeayoaeueiinoue
iaaeiyaiuo aucaaee ao?ioth (yaii ia i?in/eoaiioth aeanoyie ca?aiaa)
?aaeoeeth ca ?oaaaeii e, naiia aeaaiia, aioo?e no?aiu A ioee/ea io
i?aaeuaeouaai a?iieiai “eeoa?aoo?iiai” aeaea — noaea iaae A?iaeneei,
i?ioanou iauanoaaiiinoe ia ia?aie/eeenue i?eaaoiuie ia?auaieyie a OeE,
a noaee aeinoiyieai aeaniinoe

Aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea niauoee eoi-oi oaea/ii ioa?aeoa?eciaae eae
“i?ioeann oeaiiie ?aaeoeee” ?ai?annee i?ioea oao, eoi iaeaieaa aeoeaii
i?ioanoiaae, i?ioanou i?ioea yoeo ?ai?annee, iiaua ?ai?annee e,
niioaaonoaaiii, iiaua i?ioanou . E eiioeo yoiai ia?eiaea oaeo iaee/ey a
no?aia iieeoe/aneeo i?aneaaeiaaiee i?i/ii aioae a iauanoaaiiia niciaiea

Iaeiia?aiaiii oae i?ioeann ciaeiinoaa e onoaiiaeaiey naycae iaaeaeo
ioaeaeueiuie e?oaeeaie, a?oiiaie e eiiiaieyie, aeey eioi?uo ioe?uoia
eiaeiiuneea noaei ii?iie iiaaaeaiey

O?iieea niauoee

1965

5 aeaeaa?y “Ieoeia aeaniinoe” ia Iooeeineie ieiuaaee a Iineaa — ia?aia a
NNN? ioaee/iia aunooieaiea iiae eicoiaaie caueou i?aaa, i?e aeoeaiii
o/anoee ?yaea NIIAenoia Aiineaaenoaee ieoeia noae o?aaeeoeeiiiui

1966

ssiaa?ue—ai?aeue Ianne?iaaiiay aacaoiay eaiiaiey, iai?aaeaiiay i?ioea
Neiyaneiai- Oa?oea e Aeaieyey-A?aeaea e noae iaae ieie (11—14 oaa?aey)
1-y iaoeoeeiiiay eaiiaiey (a caueoo Neiyaneiai e Aeaieyey)

Eaoi —inaiue A Aeicao?a ?aaioaao iaae ninoaaeaieai “Aaeie eieae” —
nai?ieea aeieoiaioia ii aeaeo Neiyaneiai e Aeaieyey (a aeaeaa?a ecaeaia
ca ?oaaaeii)

Naioya?ue. A Oaieiaiue Eiaeaen aaiaeyony 3 iiaua noaouee — 190
(“eeaaaoa ia niaaoneee no?ie”), 190 (“inei?aeaiea oeaaa eee aa?aa”) e
190 (“a?oiiiaua aeaenoaey, a?oai ia?ooathuea iauanoaaiiue ii?yaeie”)

1967

ssiaa?ue. A?ano TH?ey Aaeaineiaa (ae?oaa Aeicao?aa, ninoaaeoaey
iaoeiiieniiai aeueiaiaoa “Oaieen-aa”), iaoeienoee Aa?u Aeaoeiaie,
A.Aeia?iaieueneiai — ciaeiiiai

25 oaa?aey. Aeieeaae I N O?ouaaa i “eoeueoa ee/iinoe” Noaeeia ia
cae?uoii canaaeaiee XX nuacaea EINN

Eaoi-inaiue. Auoiae a naao aeueiaiaoa “Eeoa?aoo?iay Iineaa” Ioaee/iua
aeeneonnee a ?yaea AOCia e IEE ia iieeoeei-eoeueoo?iua oaiu

23 ieoya?y—4 iiya?y (?). Aaiaa?neay ?aaiethoeey e aa iiaeaaeaiea
niaaoneeie aieneaie.

19 aeaeaa?y. Cae?uoia ienueii OeE EINN “Ia oneeaiee ai?ueau n
aioeniaaoneeie yeaiaioaie” — neaiae e a?aiaiiiio (aei ia/aea 1959 a.),
ii caiaoiiio oaaee/aieth ianooaaa iieeoe/aneeo ?ai?annee

1958—1961

19 (?) ethey 1958. Ia/aei ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiuo ano?a/ iineianeie
eeoa?aoo?iie iieiaeaaee ia ie Iayeianeiai (i?iaeieaeaeenue aei 1961)

24 ieoya?y 1958. Ia/aei eaiiaiee i?ioea A E.Ianoa?iaea a nayce n
ioaeeeaoeeae ca ?oaaaeii ?iiaia “Aeieoi? AEeaaai”

1959—1960. Aeaenaiae? Aeicao?a ecaeaao a Iineaa iaoeiiieniue iiyoe/aneee
aeo?iae “Neioaenen” — ia?aia ia?eiaee/aneia ecaeaiea Naiecaeaoa,
iieo/eaoaa oe?ieoth ecaanoiinoue

1962—1963

Iiya?ue 1962. Ioaeeeaoeey a “Iiaii ie?a” iiaanoe A.Nieaeaieoeuia “Iaeei
aeaiue Eaaia Aeaieniae/a”

1 aeaeaa?y 1962. Iinauaiea I N O?ouaaui aunoaaee e 30-eaoeth IINOa a
Iaiaaea Ia/aei eaiiaiee i?ioea “aano?aeoeeiiecia” e aiiaiee ia
ooaeiaeieeia-aaaiaa?aeenoia.

7 ia?oa 1963. Ano?a/a I N O?ouaaa n oai?/aneie eioaeeeaaioeeae a E?aiea
Iauaa oaeanoi/aiea ainoaea?noaaiiie iieeoeee a iaeanoe eoeueoo?u

1964

13 oaa?aey A?ano eaieia?aaeneiai iiyoa Eineoa A?iaeneiai ii iaaeiaieth
a “ooiayaenoaa”

Ia?o. Noae iaae A?iaeneei. A naiecaeaoa oe?iei ?ani?ino?aiyaony caienue
noaeaaiiai i?ioeanna, naeaeaiiay aeo?iaeenoeie O?eaeie Aeaaei?iaie.

14 ieoya?y Niyoea I N O?ouaaa n ia?oeeiuo e ainoaea?noaaiiuo iinoia.
1965

ssiaa?ue Ia?aciaaiea a Iineaa iieiaeaaeiie eeoa?aoo?iie a?oiiu “NIIA”

8—12 naioya?y. A?ano ienaoaeae Aiae?ay Neiyaneiai (eeo. inaaae Aa?ai
Oa?oe) e THeey Aeaieyey (eeo. inaaae. Ieeieae A?aeae)

III. Eiinieeaeaoeey (1968—1969)

I?ioanoiay eaiiaiey, ia/aaoayny a nayce n noaeaaiui i?ioeannii
Aeicao?aa, Aaeaineiaa e ae?oaeo, ioaaoeea ai?acaei aieueoee e?oa
ethaeae, /ai a i?aaeuaeouea (e iineaaeothuea) aiaeu. Oi?iu i?ioanoa, a
iniiaiii, inoaeenue i?aaeieie — iaoeoeee a ioeoeeaeueiua i?aaiu aeanoe,
ii auea inaiaia e iiaay, aieaa ?aaeeeaeueiay, aiciiaeiinoue — i?yiay
aiaeeyoeey e iauanoaaiiiio iiaieth (o.i. “ioe?uoua ienueia”).
“Yienoiey?iay ?aaiethoeey” (ii oiaaeaoiaio au?aaeaieth) ia ia?aie/eeanue
eiie?aoiui iiaiaeii — aeaeii Aeicao?aa, Aaeaineiaa e ae?., aa i?aaeiaoii
noaee naiua ?aciiia?aciua neo/ae ia?ooaiey ainoaea?noaii aa?aioe?iaaiiuo
Eiinoeoooeeae i?aa e naiaiae. Iioie eioi?iaoeee i iiaeiaiuo ia?ooaieyo
aic?anoae ii ia?a oiai, eae a no?aia noaiiaeeinue ecaanoii i
nouanoaiaaiee, i?aeiouanoaaiii a Iineaa, a?oiiu ethaeae, ?eneioaoeo
i?aaeaaaoue yoo eioi?iaoeeth iaeanea. Auea iniciaia eeth/aaay ?ieue
naiecaeaoa a yoii i?ioeanna. Aicieeee iiaua eioi?iaoeeiiiua iaoaieciu,
iaeanoue i?eiaiaiey eioi?uo auno?i ?anoe?yeanue, ioaaouaay ana iiaua
?aaeiiu.

Aicieeoaa a?iaeaiea ia/aei i?eia?aoaoue iaeioi?ua i?eciaee
iauanoaaiiiai aeaeaeaiey, oioy iacaaiey o yoiai aeaeaeaiey aua ia auei,
ii noa?aeiaaie oaiie aeey iaai noaee i?aaa /aeiaaea.

Aanue yoio ia?eiae aioo?e aeaeaeaiey oee ao?iua aeeneonnee i oi?iao e
iaoiaeao aeayoaeueiinoe, i aiciiaeiinoe nicaeaiey i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo
no?oeoo?, i oa?aeoa?a naiiai aeaeaeaiey (iieeoe/aneia iii eee iao?).
Eiia/iui eoiaii yoeo nii?ia noaea au?aaeaiiay ia noieueei a aeieoiaioao,
neieueei ia i?aeoeea, eiioeaioeey i?aaicaueoiiai aeae-

aeaiey, ia noaayuaai ia?aae niaie iieeoe/aneeo oeaeae, ii e ia
eneeth/athuaai ii?aaeaeaiiuo, ioe?uoi e aeanii aeaenoaothueo,
i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo oi?i.

O?iieea niauoee

1968

ssiaa?ue. Ia/aei “i?aaeneie aaniu”.

ssiaa?ue—ia?o. Noae iaae Aeicao?aii, Aaeaineiaui, Aeia?iaieueneei e
Aeaoeiaie. Ia?auaiea E.Aiai?ac e I.Eeoaeiiaa “E ie?iaie iauanoaaiiinoe”,
2-y iaoeoeeiiiay eaiiaiey.

Aania. Aiiaiey ia “iiaeienaioia” (o/anoieeia iaoeoeee).

Ai?aeue. Ynna A. Naoa?iaa “?aciuoeaiey i i?ia?anna, ie?iii
ninouanoaiaaiee e eioaeeaeooaeueiie naiaiaea”.

30 ai?aey. Ia?aue auione “O?iieee oaeoueo niauoee” — iaoeiiieniiai
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai atheeaoaiy i ia?ooaieyo i?aa /aeiaaea a NNN? e ai?ueaa
ca eo niaethaeaiea.

Etheue. A?ano Aiaoieey Ia?/aiei.

Aaeaineiaa e Aeicao?aa Ieoeia ia Iooeeineie ieiuaaee a caueoo
a?anoiaaiiuo e caaea?aeaiea ianeieueeeo o/anoieeia ieoeiaa (22 yiaa?y)
A?ano Aeicao?aa (23 yiaa?y)

Iae Ia?auaiea A Nieaeaieoeuia e nuacaeo Nithca ienaoaeae i
iaiaoiaeeiinoe inaiaiaeeoue eeoa?aoo?iia oai?/anoai io oeaico?iiai
aiaoa

Etheue A Eiieoaoa ainoaea?noaaiiie aaciianiinoe i?aaieciaaii o i 5-a
Oi?aaeaiea — ii ai?ueaa n “eaeaieiae/aneeie aeeaa?neyie”

Eaoi—inaiue Iaaae Eeoaeiia ?aaioaao iaae ninoaaeaieai
aeieoiaioaeueiiai nai?ieea ii aeaeo i aeaiiino?aoeee 22 yiaa?y

Naioya?ue-oaa?aeue Noaeu iaae o/anoieeaie aeaiiino?aoeee 22 yiaa?y

Iiya?ue Aiaoieee Ia?/aiei caeai/eaaao ?aaioo iaae eieaie “Iie
iieacaiey” — ia?aui aeieoiaioaeueiui naeaeaoaeuenoaii i iineanoaeeineeo
iieeoe/aneeo eaaa?yo

IV. ?anoe?aiea (1970-1972).

Iniiaiui niaea?aeaieai aeaiiiai ia?eiaea noaiiaeony aeeth/aiea a
i?aeoo i?aaicaueoiie aeayoaeueiinoe oeaeiai ?yaea aeinoaoi/ii ianniauo
iiiiceoeeiiiuo aeaeaeaiee, eae aicieeathueo a yoe aiaeu, oae e eiaaoeo
nianoaaiioth i?aaeunoi?eth ?acoiaaony, ana yoe aeaeaeaiey eiaee naie
oeaee e caaea/e, ioithaeue ia naiaeyueany e caueoa i?aa /aeiaaea,
iaeiaei, iie i?eiyee e inaieee i?aaicaueoiue eino?oiaioa?ee, oe?iei
i?eiaiyee aai — a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue, aeey caueou i?aa e eioa?ania,
naycaiiuo n eo nianoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoueth Onoaiiaeee oaniua nayce n
“iineianeeie” i?aaicaueoieeaie, nicaeaee

nianoaaiiua no?oeoo?u, aiaeiae/iua “iineianeei”

A oi aea a?aiy, i?iaeaiu “ia?eoa?eeiuo”, eee “ia?oeeoey?iuo”,
iauanoaaiiuo aeaeaeaiee ?anoe?eee e oaeoaeee ia?aiia/aeueioth
eiioeaioeeth i?aaicaueoieeia A eo noa?o aieiaiey aioee oaeea aii?inu,
eae i?aaa iaoeee (a oii /enea, i?aai ia eoeueoo?iia ?acaeoea e i?aai ia
ie?iia naiiii?aaeaeaiea), i?aai ia auacae ec no?aiu, naiaiaea
aa?ieniiaaaeiaaiey e i?

O?iieea niauoee

1970

ssiaa?ue Ia/ae auoiaeeoue “Oe?aeineee aanoiee” — eioi?iaoeeiiiue
atheeaoaiue oe?aeineiai iaoeeiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai aeaeaeaiey

Eaoi Iiiuoea oaiia naiieaoa a?oiiie “ioeacieeia” — a iniiaiii, aa?aaa,
iuoaaoeony yiea?e?iaaoue a Ec?aeeue

Ieoya?ue Aeaenaiae?o Nieaeaieoeuio i?enoaeaeaia Iiaaeaaneay i?aiey ii
eeoa?aoo?a

Iiya?ue. Nicaeaiea a Iineaa Eiieoaoa i?aa /aeiaaea — iacaaeneiie
i?aaiecaoeee yenii?oii-aiaeeoe/aneiai oa?aeoa?a (A Oaa?aeioeaaia, A
Naoa?ia, A *aeeaeca, iicaeiaa — E.Oaoa?aae/)

Aeaeaa?ue Noae iaae oaiiueeaie naiieaoa Nia?oiue i?eaiai? aeaoi /eaiai
a?oiiu Ianniaua i?ioanou ca ?oaaaeii e caiaia nia?oiie eacie 15-th
aiaeaie caeeth/aiey Ineaaeaiea iaioeoeeaeueiiai cai?aoa ia yiea?aoeeth,
eiinieeaeaoeey aeaeaeaiey aa?aaa- ioeacieeia” Ia/ae auoiaeeoue
eioi?iaoeeiiiue atheeaoaiue ioeacieeia “Enoiae” (iicaeiaa — “Aanoiee
enoiaea”)

1971

Ianniaay iaoeoeeiiiay eaiiaiey i?eoiaeai e eee?a Eeoianeie eaoiee/aneie
oea?eae Aicieeiiaaiea iaoeeiiaeueii-?aeeaeiciiai aeaeaeaiey eeoianeeo
eaoieeeia Ia/aei nenoaiaoe/aneiai iiyaeaiey a “O?iieea oaeoueo niauoee”
iaoa?eaeia ec Eeoau

Ia/ae auoiaeeoue “Atheeaoaiue Niaaoa ?iaenoaaiieeia ocieeia
Aaaiaaeueneeo o?enoeai- aaioenoia” — eioi?iaoeeiiiue atheeaoaiue,
iinayuaiiue i?aneaaeiaaieyi ca aa?o noi?iiieeia Niaaoa Oea?eaae AOA (o
i aaioenou-“eieoeeaoeaieee”, iai?eciaaaaiia

21 aaaonoa. Aoi?aeaiea aiene no?ai Aa?oaaneiai aeiaiai?a a *aoineiaaeeth

25 aaaonoa Ioaee/iue i?ioano i?ioea eioa?aaioeee — “aeaiiino?aoeey
naia?uo” ia E?aniie ieiuaaee a Iineaa

Ieoya?ue Noae iaae iyoueth aeaiiino?aioaie E Aaaeoeeei, E Aiai?ac, A
Aeaeiia, A Ae?aiethaie, I Eeoaeiiaui

1969

Ia?o—iae A?anou aeoeaiuo o/anoieeia aeaeaeaiey — E ssoeiiae/a, E
Aaaay, I A?eai?aiei

18 iay. Nicaeaiea Eieoeeaoeaiie a?oiiu ii caueoa i?aa /aeiaaea a NNN?
(EA) — ia?aie iacaaeneiie i?aaicaueoiie annioeeaoeee (15 /ae ), iniiaiie
oi?iie aeayoaeueiinoe eioi?ie noaee ioe?uoua ienueia, ia?auaiiua a III

Eaoi—inaiue A?anou ?yaea /eaiia EA

Aeaeaa?ue A?ano Iaoaeuee Ai?aaiaaneie — /eaia EA, iniiaaoaey e
ninoaaeoaey ia?auo auioneia “O?iieee oaeoueo niauoee”

V. E?ecen e aai i?aiaeieaiea (1972—1974)

E?ecen 1973 a. a i?aaicaueoiii aeaeaeaiee, ii iaoaio iiaieth, aiciee ia
oieueei e ia noieueei a nayce n i/a?aaeiie ?ai?anneaiie eaiiaieae ii
enei-

?aiaieth eiaeiiuneey, e aeaaea ia ec-ca neaainoe, i?iyaeaiiie ?yaeii
aeaeiuo aeayoaeae aeaeaeaiey iinea a?anoa e ia noaea, neieueei a neeo
aioo?aiieo i?e/ei A ia?aoth i/a?aaeue iu au ioianee e oaeei i?e/eiai
ciaeiaue oa?aeoa? cia/eoaeueiie /anoe aeenneaeaioneie aeoeaiinoe
i?aaeoanoaothuae yiioe, ca/anooth ia naycaiiue ie n eaeie-eeai
eiie?aoiie iieaciie aeayoaeueiinoueth, ie n oaeoaeaiiie
eioaeeaeooaeueiie ?aaioie “Aeenneaeaioneee iinooiie” — a oaeiaui iiaea
noaoue i?inoi iiaeienue iiae ienueiii i?ioanoa — /aua anaai eiae
cia/aiea yecenoaioeeaeueiiai naiiau?aaeaiey, aeaeueiaeoaa caaenaei io
ee/iie noieeinoe aaoi?a iinooiea Aiaoiyy eaaeinoue ia?aoiaea a?aie
aeicaieaiiiai ii?iaeaeaea aiciiaeiinoue “naeiiiiai aeenneaeaionoaa”, /oi
ia ecaaaeyei io aiciiaeiuo iineaaenoaee, ii a eaeie-oi ia?a ?anoaouaaei
/oanoai ioaaonoaaiiinoe e nieeaea?iinoe E?iia oiai, yoi ia i?eaaaeyei
aeiaa?ey e aeenneaeaioai ni noi?iiu anoanoaaiiie nioeeaeueiie aacu eo
iiaeaea?aeee — naiaiaeiiuneyuae /anoe eioaeeeaaioeee, e aac oiai
ioiineaoaeny e aeoeaenoai aeaeaeaiey ni niaoaiiui /oanoaii oaaaeaiey e
neainena

Aeaeaeaiea ieacaeinue ia a?aie ?aniaaea, e aeey oiai, /oiau aa?iooue
naaa i?aanoaaiioth e nioeeaeueioth eaeaioe/iinoue, inoaaoeany
aeenneaeaiou auioaeaeaiu auee iia?aoueny ia oaeea eiinieeaee?othuea
oeaiiinoe, eae i?ioanneiiaeeci, nenoaiaoe/aneay ?aaioa, niaoeeaeecaoeey
ii eioa?anai e i?

O?iieea niauoee

1972

ssiaa?ue Ianniaua a?anou aeoeaenoia iaoeeiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai
aeaeaeaiey ia Oe?aeia

Eaoi. A?ano /eaiia EA Iao?a ssee?a (iaeei ec iaeaieaa ecaanoiuo
aeoeaenoia i?aaicaueoiiai aeaeaeaiey) e Aeeoi?a E?aneia

Ieoya?ue Auoiae 27-ai auionea “O?iieee oaeoueo niauoee”

Iiya?ue 1972—yiaa?ue 1973 ssee? e E?anei ec oth?ueiu niiauatho ia
eciaiaiee naiae iauanoaaiiie iiceoeee e i?ecuaaao ae?oaeo
i?aaicaueoieeia e “ii/aoiie eaieooeyoeee” ia?aae aeanoueth
Ainaaciianiinoue oaioaaee?oao o/anoieeia auoiaea “O?iieee” iauei
oneeaieai ?ai?annee, anee ecaeaiea aoaeao i?iaeieaeaii

1973 ssiaa?ue ?aoaiea i i?einoaiiaea ecaeaiey “O?iieee”

Aaaono Ianne?iaaiiay aacaoiay eaiiaiey i?ioea A Naoa?iaa Iaia?oaeaiea
Eiieoaoii ainaaciianiinoe ?oeiiene “A?oeiaeaaa AOEaa” A Nieaeaieoeuia

Aaaono—naioya?ue Noae iaae ssee?ii e E?aneiui, oaeao?aineyoeey
i?ann-eiioa?aioeee, ia eioi?ie iie inoaeeee naith i?aaeithth
aeayoaeueiinoue

aeanoyie iauaaeeiaiea /anoe aaioenoneeo iauei)

Ia/ae auoiaeeoue aeo?iae “Aa/a” — i?aai ?onneeo iaoeeiiaeenoia, iaeei ec
ia?auo “oienouo” aeo?iaeia naiecaeaoa

1972

Ia/aei “o?aoueae”, aeenneaeaioneie, aieiu yiea?aoeee Aicieeiiaaiea
“aeenneaeaioneie aeeanii?u” ia Caiaaea

Ia?o Ia/aea auoiaeeoue “O?iieea Eeoianeie Eaoiee/aneie Oea?eae” —
eioi?iaoeeiiiue atheeaoaiue eeoianeiai iaoeeiiaeueii-?aeeaeiciiai
aeaeaeaiey

Iae Naiiniaeaeaiea a Eaoiana (Eeoaa) ?iiana Eaeaiou Aanii?yaeee a
Eaoiana

VI. “Oaeueneieneee” ia?eiae (1975—1979)

Aoi?ay iieiaeia 1970-o aa. — iee aeenneaeaioneie aeoeaiinoe a NNN?. A
no?aia aicieeaao ?yae iacaaeneiuo ioe?uoi aeaenoaothueo a?oii e
annioeeaoeee, aieueoeinoai ec eioi?uo nin?aaeioa/eaaaony ia eiie?aoiuo
iauanoaaiiuo i?iaeaiao. Yoe a?oiiu noa?athony ?aaioaoue i?ioanneiiaeueii
eee, ii e?aeiae ia?a, aeaeea?e?otho iiaeiaiia no?aieaiea. A
aeayoaeueiinoe ii/oe anao aicieeoeo a?oii i?enoono-

aoao i?aaicaueoiue aniaeo; aeey aieueoeinoaa ec ieo yoio aniaeo yaeyaony
(eee noaiiaeony) iniiaiui. Iiiaea annioeeaoeee ecaeatho nianoaaiiua
atheeaoaie.

Noa?aeiai yoiai i?ioeanna noaiiaeony Oaeueneieneia aeaeaeaiea,
aicieeoaa a Iineaa, ii auno?i ?ani?ino?aieaoaany a iaeioi?uo nithciuo
?anioaeee (aaea iii, eiia/ii aea, eiaei io/aoeeai iaoeeiiaeueiue
iooaiie) e iieo/eaoaa iaauaaei oe?ieoth iiaeaea?aeeo ca?oaaaeiiai
iauanoaaiiiai iiaiey e aeaaea ?yaea caiaaeiuo i?aaeoaeuenoa.
Oaeueneieneea a?oiiu niae?aee, nenoaiaoece?iaaee e iaiauaee aeaiiua i
ia?ooaieyo i?aa /aeiaaea a NNN?; iieo/aiiay eioi?iaoeey ?aaoey?ii
ia?aaeaaaeanue i?aaeoaeuenoaai no?ai-o/anoieoe Oaeueneieneeo niaeaoaiee
e caiaaeiui iann-iaaeea

Aeey naiecaeaoa yoio ia?eiae — a?aiy “oienouo” iaoeiiieniuo aeo?iaeia,
nai?ieeia, aeueiaiaoia Iiieii Iineau, iiiaeanoai ia?eiaee/aneeo
ecaeaiee auioneaaony a Eaieia?aaea (caeanue iie, ii i?aeiouanoao,
i?aaenoaaeytho o.i. aoi?oth eoeueoo?o) e Eeoaa. Iiyaeythony
naiecaeaoneea aeo?iaeu e a A?ocee, Ynoiiee, ia Oe?aeia. A oi aea a?aiy
ana aieueoa ioaeeoeenoe/aneeo e eeoa?aoo?iuo i?iecaaaeaiee, ieioy
naiecaeao, ioaeeeoaony a yiea?aioneeo i?aaiao ia/aoe ia Caiaaea e
aica?auaaony e niaaoneiio /eoaoaeth eeoue ii “iaeaaaeueiui” eaiaeai.

A oeaeii, aeenneaeaionoai a oa/aiea yoiai ia?eiaea auei aanueia caiaoiui
yaeaieai a iauanoaaiiie aeecie no?aiu, a i?iaeaia niaethaeaiey i?aa
/aeiaaea a NNN? i?eia?aea iaaeaeoia?iaeiia cia/aiea.

O?iieea niauoee

1975

A A?ocee ia/ae auoiaeeoue naiecaeaoneee eeoa?aoo?ii-ioaeeoeenoe/aneee
aeo?iae “Ie?in Naoeiene” (“Cieioia ?oii”).

Aaaono. A Oaeueneiee iiaeienai Caeeth/eoaeueiue aeo Niaauaiey ii
aaciianiinoe e nio?oaeie/anoao a Aa?iia, aeeth/athuee a naay o.i.
“o?aoueth ei?ceio” — ?acaeae, niaea?aeauee ii?aaeaeaiiua iaycaoaeuenoaa
no?ai-o/anoieoe ii niaethaeaieth i?aa e naiaiae a?aaeaeai.

Ieoya?ue. Aiae?ath Naoa?iao i?enoaeaeaia Iiaaeaaneay i?aiey ie?a.

Iiya?ue. A Eeoaa ia/ae auoiaeeoue naiecaeaoneee
eeoa?aoo?ii-ioaeeoeenoe/aneee aeo?iae “Aoo?a” (“Ca?y”).

1976

Ieoya?ue I?ae?auaiea ?aaiou Eiieoaoa i?aa /aeiaaea. Aeaeaa?ue
Ioaeeeaoeey “A?oeiaeaaa AOEaa” ia Caiaaea

1974 ssiaa?ue Aacaoiay eaiiaiey i?ioea A Nieaeaieoeuia

Oaa?aeue A?ano e aunueea Nieaeaieoeuia ia Caiaae. Iauyaeaiea i
nicaeaiee iauanoaaiiiai Oiiaea iiiiue iieeocaeeth/aiiui a

NNN? iiae iao?iiaaeai Nieaeaieoeuia

Iae Aiciaiiaeaiea “O?iieee oaeoueo niauoee”, iaeiia?aiaiiue auoiae
28-ai, 29-ai e 30-ai (/ooue iicaeiaa — 31-ai) auioneia

Eaoi Iiyaeaiea a niiauaieyo “O?iieee” iaoa?eaeia ec A?ocee Aania—eaoi.
Inouanoaeaii iiaeiieueiia oeiia?aoneia ecaeaiea “A?oeiaeaaa AOEaa”

Naioya?ue Neaiaeae aie?oa ?acaiia aoeueaeica?aie aunoaaee-ieaiy?a
iaioeoeeaeueiuo ooaeiaeieeia Ia/aei niya/aiey cai?aoeoaeueiie iieeoeee
a ioiioaiee ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai aaaiaa?aea

30 ieoya?y Iieeocaeeth/aiiua Ii?aeianeeo e Ia?ineeo eaaa?ae, a oaeaea
Aeaaeeie?neie oth?ueiu i?iaiaeyo niaeaniaaiioth aeoeeth — Aeaiue
iieeocaeeth/aiiiai I?ann-eiioa?aioeey a Iineaa ia eaa?oe?a Naoa?iaa,
iinayuaiiay Aeith iieeocaeeth/aiiiai

Aeaeaa?ue A?ano Na?aay Eiaaeaaa — iaeiiai ec 4-o inoaaoeony ia
naiaiaea e ia oaoaaoeo ca ?oaaae /eaiia EA, n 1971 a — iaeiiai ec
aaaeoueo o/anoieeia auionea “O?iieee oaeoueo niauoee”

12 iay Nicaeaiea A?oiiu niaeaenoaey auiieiaieth Oaeueneieneeo niaeaoaiee
a NNN? (Iineianeie Oaeueneieneie a?oiiu, aeaeaa — IOA)

Ethiue Ia/ae auoiaeeoue naiecaeaoneee enoi?e/aneee nai?iee “Iaiyoue”
(Eaieia?aae— Iineaa), iinayuaiiue i?iaeaiai niaaoneie enoi?ee

9 iiya?y Nicaeaiea Oe?aeineie Oaeueneieneie a?oiiu 25 iiya?y Nicaeaiea
Eeoianeie Oaeueneieneie a?oiiu Aeaeaa?ue Nicaeaiea O?enoeaineiai
eiieoaoa caueou i?aa aa?othueo

1977

5 yiaa?y Nicaeaiea i?e IOA ?aai/ae eiiennee ii ?anneaaeiaaieth
eniieueciaaiey ineoeao?ee a iieeoe/aneeo oeaeyo

14 yiaa?y Nicaeaiea A?oceineie Oaeueneieneie a?oiiu

Oaa?aeue A?anou TH?ey I?eiaa — ?oeiaiaeeoaey IOA, Aeaenaiae?a Aeicao?aa
— /eaia IOA e ?anii?yaeeoaey Oiiaea iiiiue iieeocaeeth/aiiui, Ieeieu
?oaeaiei — ?oeiaiaeeoaey Oe?aeineie Oaeueneieneie a?oiiu

1 ai?aey Nicaeaiea A?iyineie Oaeueneieneie a?oiiu

Ia?o—aeaeaa?ue. A?anou n?aaee /eaiia anao oaeueneieneeo a?oii e
i?aeoe/aneia i?ae?auaiea aeayoaeueiinoe A?oceineie a?oiiu Iiiieiaiea
Iineianeie, Oe?aeineie, Eeoianeie a?oii iiauie /eaiaie

1978 Ia?o Nicaeaiea Eieoeeaoeaiie a?oiiu caueou i?aa eiaaeeaeia

Ai?aeue Ianniaua aeaiiino?aoeee a Oaeeene n o?aaiaaieai nio?aieoue
a?oceineee ycue a ea/anoaa ioeoeeaeueiiai

Eaoi Ia/ae auoiaeeoue naiecaeaoneee eeoa?aoo?ii-ioaeeoeenoe/aneee
aeo?iae “Iienee” (Iineaa)

Iiya?ue Nicaeaiea a Eeoaa Eaoiee/aneiai eiieoaoa caueou i?aa aa?othueo
Aeaeaa?ue I?acaioaoeey iaiiaeoeaico?iiai eeoa?aoo?iiai aeueiaiaoa
“Iao?iiieue”

Oaa?aeue—aeaeaa?ue Iiiuoee nicaeaiey a NNN? iacaaeneiiai i?ionithciiai
aeaeaeaiey O/?aaeaeaiea NIIO — Naiaiaeiiai iaaei?ioanneiiaeueiiai
iauaaeeiaiey o?oaeyueony Ia/aei ecaeaiey “Eioi?iaoeeiiiiai atheeaoaiy
NIIO”

1979

Oaa?aeue Nicaeaiea a?oiiu “Auai?u-79”, iiiuoaaoaeny auaeaeiooue naieo
eaiaeeaeaoia ia auai?u a Aa?oiaiue Niaao NNN?

Eaoi. Nicaeaiea a?oiiu “I?aai ia yiea?aoeeth”, caieiaaoaeny i?iaeaiaie
a?aaeaeai, ia aeaeathueo eee ia eiathueo aiciiaeiinoe iieeiooue no?aio
ii “ec?aeeueneiio eaiaeo”.

Iiya?ue—aeaeaa?ue. A?ano Oaoueyiu Aaeeeaiiaie — /eaia EA, aanniaiiiai
(n 1970 a) i?aaiecaoi?a ?aaiou “O?iieee oaeoueo niauoee” A?ano i Aeaaa
sseoieia, i?aaineaaiiai nayuaiieea, ?oeiaiaeeoaey O?enoeaineiai eiieoaoa
caueou i?aa aa?othueo A?ano Aaea?ey Aa?aieeia, aeaaiiai ?aaeaeoi?a
“Iieneia”

29 aeaeaa?y. Aiaoaoaeuenoai niaaoneeo aiene a niauoey a Aoaaienoaia e
naa?aeaiea eie aoaaineiai i?aaeoaeuenoaa Ia/aei aoaaineie aieiu e eiiaoe
“aeaoaioa”.

VII. Caeao (1980—1984)

I?eiyoi n/eoaoue, /oi aeenneaeaioneay aeoeaiinoue iioea ia oaueue a
?acoeueoa-

oa ?ai?annee, eioi?ua ia?ooeea ia aeenneaeaioia ainaaciianiinoue ia
?oaaaea 1970/1980-o aa. Iaeiaei, eiaaea noaea ecaanoia ?aaeueiay
noaoenoeea ia inoaeaeaiiuo ii “iieeoe/aneei” noaoueyi Oaieiaiiai
eiaeaena a 1979—1984 aa, aueinieeinue, /oi ieeaeiai caiaoiiai oaaee/aiey
ianooaaia, ii e?aeiae ia?a, noaeaaiuo ?ai?annee a yoio ia?eiae ii
n?aaiaieth n i?aaeuaeouei ia iaaethaeaeinue. I?aaaea, EAA iao/eeny,
iaeiiaoe, aeaenoaiaaoue “i?eoeaeueii”, ecuiay e iaeo?aeecoy eiaiii oao
ethaeae, eioi?ua yaeyeenue eeth/aauie oeao?aie a ?acee/iuo iaeanoyo
aeenneaeaioneie aeoeaiinoe. Iaeiaei, eiaaea iiaeiaiia i?ienoiaeeei a
i?aaeoanoaothuea ia?eiaeu, ianoi auauaoeo anei?a caieiaee iiaua ethaee
A ia/aea 1980-o, iaiai?io, iaaethaeaaony iooie ec aeennaioa oao, eoi aue
oanii naycai n iei ?aiueoa

E niaeaeaieth, iu ia iiaeai aeaoue yoiio oaeoo en/a?iuaathuaai

iauyniaiey. A eaeie-oi ia?a yoi iiaeao auoue naycaii n oaaee/eaoaeny
no?iainoueth i?eaiai?ia, nenoaiie iiaoi?iuo a?anoia ii enoa/aiee eiioea
n?iea (yoi iniaaiii i?aeoeeiaaeinue iinea i?eoiaea e aeanoe TH.A
Aiae?iiiaa), n caiaoiui oaeanoi/aieai ?aaeeia a eaaa?yo e o ae. Eiiaoe
yiioe aeaoaioa oaeaea ianeieueei iiiecee eioa?an e niaaoneei
aeenneaeaioai ca ?oaaaeii, oaia?ue ?ai?annee i?ioea eiaeiiuneyueo
aini?eieiaeenue oaea ia eae cei, eioi?ia iaiin?aaenoaaiii cao?aaeaaao
ie?iaoth iauanoaaiiinoue e eioi?ia oioy au iiyoiio aeieaeii auoue
i?ana/aii, a eae anoanoaaiiue yeaiaio iieeoeee ?aaeeia, naeaathuaai
iannaaee?neea eaeia?u e aaaeouaai aa?aa?neoth aieio a /oaeie no?aia Ana
yoi oneeeaaei o inoaaoeony ia aiea e ia oaoaaoeo a yiea?aoeeth
aeenneaeaioia /oanoai aacunoiaeiinoe e aania?niaeoeaiinoe

Oai ia iaiaa, ?eneiai i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi ia?ainoaiaiioth ?ieue a
oiaaeea aeenneaeaionoaa nua?aee ia yoe oaeoi?u, a ?acei nieceaoayny
iauanoaaiiay iiaeaea?aeea aeenneaeaioia (i?e nio?aiaiee ni/oanoaey e iei
e eo eaeaaeai). A naith i/a?aaeue, yoi iiaeii auei au iauynieoue iiiaeie
ianoiyoaeuenoaaie Naiui nouanoaaiiui ec ieo iai i?aaenoaaeyaony
neaaeothuaa

Niune e niaea?aeaiea i?aaicaueoiie aeoeaiinoe 1960—1970-o aa. ii/oe
oeaeeeii naiaeeeny e eioi?ie?iaaieth iauanoaaiiinoe i i?aaeoaeuenoaaiiie
iieeoeea iiaeaaeaiey a?aaeaeaineie naiaiaeu e e i?iaicaeaoaieth
oeaiiinoae i?aaa (a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue, i?aa /aeiaaea). Aiieia aa?iyoii,
/oi iiiaieaoiyy i?iiiaaaeue i?aaicaueoieeia, ?ani?ino?aiyaoayny
naiecaeaoii e ?ao?ainee?iaaaoayny ca?oaaaeiuie ?aaeeinoaioeee,
aeiaeeanue naiae oeaee iauanoaaiiia niciaiea — ii e?aeiae ia?a, aeoeaiay
e aeoiathuay /anoue niaaoneiai iauanoaa — i?eiyei eo oeaiiinoiua e
e?eoe/aneea onoaiiaee (niauoey aoi?ie iieiaeiu 1980-o aa eae aoaeoi yoi
iiaeoaa?aeaeatho) A anee oae, oi aeenneaeaionoai ia i?aaicaueoiie
iniiaa, oa?aeoa?iia aeey i?aaeuaeouae yiioe, iaecaaaeii aeieaeii auei
nieoe ni noeaiu, eai iii auiieieei naith enoi?e/aneoth caaea/o, e
ioaeaea a iai ieiiaaea.

?acoiaaony, iiaoo nouanoaiaaoue e eiua o?aeoiaee. Ai anyeii neo/aa,
oio oaeo, /oi ia niaio aeenneaeaioneie yiioa ii/oe n?aco aea i?eoea y?a
ia?ano?ieee, a?yae ee iiaeao ?anniao?eaaoueny eae neo/aeiia niaiaaeaiea

O?iieea niauoee

22 yiaa?y 1980 a. Caaea?aeaiea e aannoaeiay nnueea a Ai?ueeee
A.Naoa?iaa.

Iae 1980 a. A?ano Aeaenaiae?a Eaaooa, iineaaeiaai ec inoaaoeony ia

naiaiaea e ia yiea?e?iaaaoeo ec NNN? /eaiia EA. Iinea a?anoa
O.Aaeeeaiiaie Eaaoo acye ia naay aa ooieoeee ii i?aaiecaoeee auionea
“O?iieee oaeoueo niauoee”.

1980—1982 a. Iiiai/eneaiiua a?anou /eaiia i?aaicaueoiuo e ae?oaeo
aeenneaeaioneeo annioeeaoeee, ?aaeaeoi?ia naiecaeaoneeo ia?eiaee/aneeo
ecaeaiee. I?ae?auaiea eee i?einoaiiaea ecaeaiey “Iieneia”, “Iaiyoe”,
?yaea ae?oaeo aeo?iaeia e aeueiaiaoia I?ae?auaiea eee i?einoaiiaea
aeayoaeueiinoe aieueoeinoaa aeenneaeaioneeo a?oii.

6 naioya?y 1982 a. O?ia inoaaoeony ia naiaiaea e ia yiea?e?iaaaoeo /eaia
IOA cayaeytho i naii?inionea A?oiiu.

Inaiue 1983 a. A?ano TH?ey Oeoaiiae/a — i?aaiecaoi?a iineaaeieo auioneia
“O?iieee oaeoueo niauoee”. I?ae?auaiea ecaeaiey “O?iieee”.

Eiiaoe 1983—naioya?ue 1984 a. Iia?aoeee EAA i?ioea Oiiaea iiiiue
iieeocaeeth/aiiui. I?ae?auaiea ioe?uoie aeayoaeueiinoe Oiiaea.

Yioeeeeiiaaeey ii enoi?ee

Aeenneaeaioneia Aeaeaeaiea

Iiaeiieueiua a?oiiu.

Aeenneaeaioneia aeaeaeaiea (neiai «aeenneaeaio» iiaeii ia?aaanoe
eae «ianiaeaniue», «eiaeiiuneyuee») a Niaaoneii Nithca ia/eiaeinue
n iaiiiai/eneaiiuo iiaeiieueiuo e?oaeeia, iau/ii iieiaeaaeiuo Iie
noaee ca?iaeaeaoueny n?aco iinea Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie aieiu, a 40-a aa.
Iiaue oie/ie aeaeaeaieth i?eaeaee XX nuacae EINN e inoaeaeaiea ia
i?i «eoeueoa ee/iinoe Noaeeia» Ii oi?ia, a /anoi e ii iniiaiui
eaeayi, iiaeiieueiua e?oaeee iau/ii iiae?aaeaee ia?oeyi aieueoaaeeia
N iiaeiieuey ia/eiaee iiiaea aeenneaeaiou – iai?eia?, aaia?ae I?o?
A?eai?aiei Oiaaea eacaeinue, /oi a Niaaoneii Nithca aiciiaeiinoe
aeaenoaiaaoue ioe?uoi i?inoi iao Iaeiaei n na?aaeeiu 60-o aa
aeenneaeaioneia aeaeaeaiea «auoei ia naao», noaei ioe?uoui, aeaniui
Iinea yoiai o iiiaeo aeenneaeaioia aicieeei noieeia i?aaeoaaaeaeaiea e
iiaeiieueth Aai au?acee I. A?eai?aiei a iacaaiee naiae eieae «A
iiaeiieuea iiaeii ano?aoeoue oieueei e?un». Iaeiaei «iiaeiieueiua»
aeenneaeaiou ia en/acaee aei naiie «ia?ano?ieee». A 1981 a a Iineaa,
iai?eia?, ninoiyeny noae iaae /eaiaie iaeaaaeueiiai e?oaeea
aa?ieiiioienoia, auioneaaoeo aeo?iae «Aa?eaiou» (a yoio e?oaeie aoiaeee
Aiae?ae Oeeeia, Ieoaee ?eaeei e ae? )

*oaiey o iaiyoieea Iayeianeiio

29 ethiy 1958 a a Iineaa, ia oea?aiiiee ioe?uoey iaiyoieea iiyoo
Aeaaeeie?o Iayeianeiio, /eoaee naie noeoe ioeoeeaeueiua iiyou. Iioii
noaee auoiaeeoue aeaeathuea ec ioaeeee e oiaea /eoaoue noeoe Oaeie
noeoeeiue aa/a? iiycee iiiaei iii?aaeeny, e o/anoieee oneiaeeenue
i?iaeieaeaoue yoe ano?a/e. N oao ii? ii/oe eaaeaeue aa/a? ia ieiuaaee
Iayeianeiai i?aa?auaeny a aa/a? iiycee Niae?aeenue nooaeaiou,
naiaiaeii nii?eee i eeoa?aoo?a e eneonnoaa *eoaee noeoe
iaioeoeeaeueiuo, iiyoia a oii /enea Ineia Iaiaeaeueooaia e Ia?eiu
Oeaaoaaaie Aia/aea niaaoneay ia/aoue ioicaaeanue ia yoii iaeia?eoaeueii
Iaeiaei anei?a neeoeii aieueiue e ?aneiaaiiue oa?aeoa? ano?a/ noae
aaniieieoue aeanoe Ia iaeioi?ia a?aiy ei oaeaeinue i?ae?aoeoue /oaiey N
naioya?y 1960 a ano?a/e aiciaiiae

eenue e noaee i?ioiaeeoue ii auoiaeiui aeiyi Ia ieo niae?aeenue nioie
ethaeae Iinoiyiiue o/anoiee /oaiee iiyo TH?ee Aaeaineia /anoi /eoae naie
«*aeiaa/aneee iaieoano»:

Yoi y,

I?ecuaathuee e i?aaaea e aoioo,

Ia aeaeathuee aieueoa neoaeeoue,

?ao aaoe /a?iua ioou,

Nioeaiiua ec eaee

……………………………………………….

I iaai! Ia ciath. /oi aeaeath…

Iia au ea?athuee iiae!

Aeaeeoue, eae eoi-oi ia aaeia

Auieanioe /a?ioth e?iaue

Aeaeeoue, eae aa/a?e oueia

AEoao ie?iaaaeaiiue noya.

E aeeciue no?aoia, eae oth?ueia,

Iino?iaiiay ia einoyo.

………………………………………………..

Ia ioaeii iia aaoaai oeaaa,

Caiaoaiiiai ia neacao.

E iaaeath, e aceaoath

A iieoa?aaeo, a iieonia.

E /oanoaoth, eae ?anoeaaoaao

*aeiaa/aneia ai iia!

O/anoieeia /oaiee ia/aee caaea?aeeaaoue, nooaeaioia – eneeth/aoue
ec einoeoooia. Iioii noaee ?acaiiyoue oieio niaaii/enoeoaeueiuie
iaoeiaie. Iaeiiaoe o?ieo iinoiyiiuo o/anoieeia /oaiee a?anoiaaee ii
iaaeiaieth a aioeniaaoneie aaeoaoeee Oaea iinea yoiai ninoiyeenue au?
iaeie /oaiey. Iie i?ienoiaeeee 9 ieoya?y 1961 a., a aeaiue ioe?uoey XXII
nuacaea ia?oee. *eoaee noeoe ia oieueei ia iau/iii ianoa, ii e o
iaiyoieea Iooeeio, o Aeaeeioaee eiaie Eaieia – niaoeeaeueii aeey
i?ioiaeeaoeo ieii aeaeaaaoia nuacaea Yoe /oaiey noaee iineaaeieie.
O?ia a?anoiaaiiuo (A. Ineiia, Y. Eociaoeia e E. Aaeooaei) iieo/eee io
iyoe aei naie eao caeeth/aiey. A oeaeii ano?a/e «ia Iayea», eae eo
iacuaaee, iiiiaee aeenneaeaioai aueoe «ia naao», e ioe?uoie aeaniie
aeayoaeueiinoe. Neaaeothuei, oaea ieii/aoaeueiui oaaii a yoii
iai?aaeaiee ieacaeny noae iaae ienaoaeyie TH Aeaieyeai e A. Neiyaneei.

Noae iaae Aeaieyeai e Neiyaneei

A Iineaa 10 oaa?aey 1966 a ia?aae Aa?oiaiui noaeii ?innee
i?aaenoaee

ienaoaee THeee Aeaieyeue e Aiae?ae Neiyaneee A oa/aiea aeanyoe eao iie
iiae inaaaeiieiaie oaeii ia/aoaee naie iiaanoe e ?anneacu ia Caiaaea
Eiaaea yoi ?ane?ueinue, eo iaaeieee a aioeniaaoneie aaeoaoeee. A aacaoa
«Ecaanoey» a yiaa?a 1966 a. auea iioaeeeiaaia noaouey «Ia?aaa?ouoe»,
a eioi?ie niiauaeinue iai an?i yoii. A cae noaea aeiioneaee
oieueei ii iniaui aeeaoai, oioy i?ioeann n/eoaeny ioe?uoui. Ec-ca yoiai
ae?ocuey iaaeiyaiuo ia iiaee iiianoue a cae. Yoi aue ia?aue ioaee/iue
iieeoe/aneee i?ioeann ca iineaaeiea 20

eao Ii au? aieueoa ii?aaeaei ae?oaia. Aia?aua iinea «i?ioeanna yna?ia» a
1922 a. iaaeiyaiua ia iieacaoaeueiii noaea ioeacaeenue eayoueny e
i?eciaaaoue naith aeio «Oeaiiay ?aaeoeey» aeaenoaeoaeueii auea
ioaeiieythuae. A 1958 a. ieeoi a no?aia ia aunooiee a caueoo Ai?ena
Ianoa?iaea, eioi?iio auei i?aaeuyaeaii aiaeiae/iia iaaeiaiea Ia yoio
?ac 62 ienaoaey ia?aoeeenue n i?inueaie ?ac?aoeoue ei acyoue
a?anoiaaiiuo eieeaa ia ii?oee E yoiio iiiaioo eo oaea inoaeeee:
Neiyaneee iieo/ee naiue eao eaaa?ae, Aeaieyeue – iyoue.

Aeaiiino?aoeey ia Iooeeineie ieiuaaee.

Anei?a iinea a?anoa TH. Aeaieyey e A Neiyeianeiai aicieeea eaeay
i?iaanoe aeaiiino?aoeeth i?ioanoa. Yoi i?aaeeiaeaiea auaeyaeaei i/aiue
iaiau/ii. Aieaa 35 eao a Iineaa ia i?iaiaeeeinue iacaaeneiuo
iieeoe/aneeo aeaiiino?aoeee. Iineaaeiae auea aeaiiino?aoeey oioeeenoia a
1927 a Aaoi?ii eaeae noae iaoaiaoee e iiyo Aeaenaiae?
Anaiei-Aieueiei Ii n/eoae, /oi iaaei ia?aoeoueny e aeanoyi n
o?aaiaaieai: «Niaethaeaeoa nianoaaiiua caeiiu!». Ianooieei 5 aeaeaa?y –
aeaiue Noaeeineie eiinoeoooeee A iacia/aiiia a?aiy ia Iooeeineie
ieiuaaee nia?aeinue ieiei aeaoonio /aeiaae, «iiiaea i?eoee ia ieiuaaeue
iioiio, /oi ia iiaee ia i?eeoe. Eia-eoi – i?inoi iiaeacaoue, ec
ethaiiuonoaa», – aniiieiae A Aieueiei Auee, eiia/ii, e /aeenou,
i?eoaaeoea ii aeieao neoaeau Nia/aea oieia noiyea a ioaeaeaiee,
iioii, iaa?aaoenue niaeinoe, noyioeanue e iaiyoieeo Iaae iae
iiaeiyeenue ieaeaou «Oaaaeaeoa Niaaoneoth eiinoeoooeeth’»,
«O?aaoai aeaniinoe noaea iaae Neiyeianeei e Aeaieyeai!» A oo aea ieiooo
/aeenou auoaaoeee yoe eicoiae ec ?oe aeaiiino?aioia ecaaea?aeaee
i?eia?ii 20 /aeiaae Aeaiiino?aoeey i?ioanoa 5 aeaeaa?y 1965 a
i?iecaaea neeueiia aia/aoeaiea ia ethaeae eae a Ni-

aaoneii Nithca, oae e ai anai ie?a N yoiai aeiy iia noaea o?aaeeoeeiiiie
Eaaeaeue aiae 5 aeaeaa?y (a iioii 10 aeaeaa?y, a Aeaiue i?aa /aeiaaea)
ia Iooeeineie ieiuaaee niae?aeenue aeenneaeaiou, nieiaee oaiee e oae
iie/a noiyee ianeieueei ieioo

«I?ioeann /aou??o»

Iinea noaea iaae TH Aeaieyeai e A Neiyeianeei aeaia
aeenneaeaioia -Aeaenaiae? Aeicao?a e TH?ee Aaeaineia ninoaaeee e
?ani?ino?aieee «Aaeoth eieao» ia yoii i?ioeanna A iaa aioee niaaoneea e
ca?oaaaeiua aacaoiua noaouee i noaea, ienueia i?ioanoa, iineaaeiaa
neiai iiaenoaeeiuo e iiiaea ae?oaea iaoa?eaeu A 1967 a ninoaaeoaeae
eieae e aeaoo eo «niiauieeia» (Aa?o Eaoeiao e Aeaenay

Aeia?iaieueneiai) a?anoiaaee A yiaa?a 1968 a ninoiyeny noae – «i?ioeann
/aou?ao», eae aai oiaaea ie?anoeee Aeicao?a iieo/ee iyoue eao
caeeth/aiey, a Aaeaineia – naiue eao Aio oae e ia aeiaaeinue aueoe ia
naiaiaeo 2 iiya?y 1972 a ii neii/aeny io ycau aeaeoaeea Eiaiii
yoio aoi?ie ioaee/iue iieeoe/aneee i?ioeann aucaae naiua oe?ieea
iauanoaaiiua i?ioanou Ienueia i?ioanoa iiaeienaee ieiei ouny/e /aeiaae
– niaa?oaiii iaauaaeia i?aaeaea eiee/anoai Iiiaea aua ia aiieia
iiieiaee, /ai yoi ei a?iceei Oaia?ue eo oaieueiyee n ?aaiou, oai naiui
iieiinoueth auoaeeeaaee ec i?eau/iie aeecie Iineaaenoaey yoiai auee
aeaiyeeie N iaeiie noi?iiu, noieue ianniaua i?ioanou aieueoa ia
iiaoi?yeenue N ae?oaie nioie ethaeae ieii/aoaeueii i?eieioee e
aeenneaeaioai A ?acoeueoaoa aeaeaeaiea oaa?aei anoaei ia iiae

«O?iieea oaeoueo niauoee»

Anei?a iinea «i?ioeanna /aou?ao» i?iecioei aua iaeii niauoea,
i/aiue aaaeiia aeey aeenneaeaioneiai aeaeaeaiey a NNN? 30 ai?aey 1968 a
auoae a naao ia?aue auione atheeaoaiy «O?iieea oaeoueo niauoee» A
Naoa?ia iacaae «O?iieeo» «naiui aieueoei aeinoeaeaieai»
aeenneaeaioia Yoa auea naiaia?aciay eaoiienue iauanoaaiiie aeecie
no?aiu Oe?aae eaaeaeiai aa iiia?a ninoaaeye anaai o?e aeanyoea
iaoeiiieniuo eiiee Ii, eiia/ii, ii aua iiiaie?aoii oaaee/eaaeny ca n/ao
ia?iiiiai eiee/anoaa ia?aia/aoie «O?iieeo» /eoaee ai anai Niaaoneii
Nithca Anee a ia?aii iiia?a niiauaeinue oieueei i niauoeyo a Iineaa e
Eaieia?aaea, oi /a?ac aiae a auione i?eoee aanoe ec 34 ai?iaeia
(iicaeiaa eo /enei aic?inei aei 140) Aae?ana e eiaia ?aaeaeoi?ia a
«O?iieea» ia oeacuaaeenue, oioy aeanoe ia?aaeei eo ciaee Niiauaiey
noaeaeenue a ecaeaiea niaa?oaiii ia

iau/iui iooai A iyoii auionea iienuaaeinue, eae yoi i?ienoiaeeei
«Eaaeaeue eaaei iiaeao ia?aaeaoue ecaanoioth aio eioi?iaoeeth a
?anii?yaeaiea «O?iieee» ?anneaaeeoa aa oiio, o eiai Au acyee «O?iieeo»,
a ii ?anneaaeao aa oiio, o eiai ii acye Oieueei ia iuoaeoanue
aaeeiiee/ii i?ieoe anth oeaii/eo, /oiau Aan ia i?eiyee ca nooea/a»

Naiecaeao.

I/aiue aaaeiith /anoueth aeenneaeaioneiai aeaeaeaiey noaea naiiaeaeueii
?aciiiaeaiiay eeoa?aoo?a – “naiecaeao”. Yoi iacaaiea iieooooeeai
?anoeo?iaaee oae: “Nai ieoo, nai ecaeath, nai ?ani?ino?aiyth, nai e
ioneaeeaath ca yoi”

Eeoa?aoo?iue naiecaeao iiyaeeny aua a eiioea 50-o aa. I?aaeaea ana

ai yoi auee noeoe iaioeoeeaeueiuo iiyoia – I. Oeaaoaaaie, I.
Iaiaeaeueooaia e ae?. Caoai iineaaeiaaee ia?aaiaeu, ?anneacu, eaaa?iua
ainiiieiaiey. A 1958 a. a naiecaeao iiiae ?iiai Ai?ena Ianoa?iaea
“Aeieoi? AEeaaaa”. Oaeei ia?acii, ?ani?ino?aiyeenue i?iecaaaeaiey aieaa
o?aonio aaoi?ia.

A eiioea 60-o aa., ia?yaeo n eeoa?aoo?iui, aiciee iiaue, iieeoe/aneee
naiecaeao. Yoi aue atheeaoaiue “O?iieee oaeoueo niauoee”, i?aaicaueoiua
nai?ieee, iicaeiaa aeo?iaeu “Aa/a”, “Iienee”, “Aa?eaiou”, “Iiaaeeiie” e
ae?.

IIIA?AIOe A?EAI?EE NIEIIIIIAE*

(?.1918,Aeeueii)

Oeeinio, eoeueoo?ieia e ioaeeoeeno. Aaoi? iiiai/eneaiiuo oeeinioneeo
?aaio, ?ani?ino?aiyaoeony Naiecaeaoii e ieacaaoeo a 1960—1970-a aa.
ia?iiiia aeeyiea ia ie?iaicc?aiea eeaa?aeueiie eioaeeeaaioeee.

N naie eao aeeaao a Iineaa A 1940 ieii/ee Einoeooo oeeinioee, eeoa?aoo?u
e eneonnoaa (EOEE) ii ioaeaeaieth ?onneie eeoa?aoo?u, caieiaeny
Aeinoiaaneei Nooaeai/aneay ?aaioa I. i Aeinoiaaneii auea ioeaiaia
i?aiiaeaaaoaeyie eae aioeia?enenoneay, eaiaeeaeaoneay aeenna?oaoeey
oie/oiaeaia iinea aai a?anoa a 1949 eae “aeieoiaio ia ioiinyueeny e
aeaeo” A 1941 iioae ia o?iio aeia?iaieueoeai, aue ?aiai A 1950-1953 a
Ea?aiiieueeaaa (no 58-10, inoaeaeai ia 5 eao, inaiaiaeaeai ii aiienoee,
a 1958 ?aaaeeeoe?iaai) A 1953 -1956 naeueneee o/eoaeue a Aeiiaanna.
Aa?ioaoenue a Iineao, eca?ae ?aaioo aeaeeia?aoa, noae nio?oaeieeii
Aeaeeioaee iauanoaaiiuo iaoe (OAII) A 1959 oia?ea ia?aay aeaia I , E.E
Io?aaueaaa, iaiyoue i eioi?ie aeieaia a?aiy

aaeioiiaeyea oeeinioneia e eeoa?aoo?iia oai?/anoai I E 1953 – 1959
ioiinyony ia?aua ynna I (“Ia?aaeeoua aano?aeoeee”) — ?aaiou, iino?iaiiua
a o?aaeeoeeiiiie oi?ia oeeinioneiai aeeaeiaa, ii a?aiaee?iaaiiua
nia?aiaiiuie ?aaeeyie noaeeineiai eiioeeaaa?y. Aaiaa?neea niauoey 1956 e
o?aaey Ianoa?iaea i?iecaaee ia I. neeueiia aia/aoeaiea, aucaaa iunee i
i?yiii, iieeoe/aneii i?ioeainoiyiee ?aaeeio (aieioue aei yenia?eiaioa n
iiaeiieueai e o/anoey a aii?oaeaiiie ai?ueaa, anee oaeiaay noeoeeii
ia/iaony). A 1959-60 aie?oa I. ia?acoaony ia/oi a?iaea iieoiiaeiieueiiai
oeeinionei-enoi?e/aneiai e iieeoyeiiiie/aneiai naieia?a (“neaaea
caeiinie?e?iaaiiiai, ii aac anyeie i?aaiecaoeee”) N?aaee o/anoieeia
naieia?a — iiiaea aeoeaenou “Iayeiaee”, a /anoiinoe —A. INEIIA. Iiuo
yoiai oeeinionei-iieeoe/aneiai iieoiiaeiieuey aue ioeaiai I eae
io?eoeaoaeueiue Iaaeaeo oai ninoiyaoaany a 1960 ciaeiinoai AEICAO?AII,
IA AI?AAIAANEIE, TH.O. AAEAINEIAUI ioe?uaaei eioth ia?niaeoeao
iaiiaeoeaico?ioth aeayoaeueiinoue, aeaaiia a eioi?ie – “niaa?oaiiay
ioe?uoinoue e naiaiaea io no?aoa” Iiaia iano?iaiea auei naycaii n
“Neioaenenii”, ni naiaiaeiui e oai?/aneei aeooii, oea?eaoai e n?aaee
iiauo ciaeiiuo, e n?aaee ooaeiaeieeia-“eeaiiciaoeaa”, n eioi?uie I
iauaeny a yoi aea a?aiy.

Aieueoia cia/aiea aeey oi?ie?iaaiey ie?iaicc?aiey I. eiaea ano?a/a a
1961 n iiyoii 3 A. Ie?eeiie, noaaoae aai aeaiie Ii neiaai I aai
nianoaaiiua “acaeyaeu e acaeyaeu Ceiaeaeu Aeaenaiae?iaiu ?acaeaaeenue a
iinoiyiiie ia?aeee/ea e iiaoo ?anniao?eaaoueny eae iaeii oeaeia”.

Ia/eiay n 1962, I. ioaeeeoao a iao/iuo ecaeaieyo noaouee ii
ainoieiaaaeaieth e n?aaieoaeueiie eoeueoo?ieiaee (a oeaio?a aai
eioa?ania – aeooiaiay aeeciue Eiaeee e Eeoay), aunooiaao n aeieeaaeaie e
eaeoeeiiiuie eo?naie a ?acee/iuo iao/iuo o/?aaeaeaieyo e aunoeo o/aaiuo
caaaaeaieyo Iaeiia?aiaiii ii ieoao ?yae ynna ia ?acee/iua
eoeueoo?ii-enoi?e/aneea e nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneea oaiu, iieo/eaoea
oe?ieia ?ani?ino?aiaiea a Naiecaeaoa Neeueiue ?aciiain aucaaee ynna
“Eaaae?eeueii” e “I?aanoaaiiue iaeee enoi?e/aneie ee/iinoe”), aioaaeoea
a “Oaieen-66” TH AAEAINEIAA A 1967-68 iaa ynna ia?aia/aoaiu ca
?oaaaeii, a aeo?iaea “A?aie”.

I iiaeaea?aeeaaao ioiioaiey n eiaeiiuneyueie ?acee/iuo iai?aaeaiee,
o/anoaoao a iaioeoeeaeueiuo iao/iuo naieia?ao. A 1970 iinauae naieia?,
niae?aaoeeny ia eaa?oe?a A.O Oo?/eia Iicaeiaa A Ae.NAOA?IA aiai?ee ia
yoii naieia?a a naieo “Ainiiieiaieyo”- “Iaeaieaa eioa?aniuie e aeoaieeie
auee aeieeaaeu A?eai?ey Iiia?aioea – y aia?aua aai oiaaea ociae e aue
aeoaiei

iio?ynai aai y?oaeeoeeae, oe?ioie acaeyaeia e “aeaaeaie/iinoueth” a
eo/oai niunea yoiai neiaa .Iniiaiua eiioeaioeee Iiia?aioea.
eneeth/eoaeueiay oeaiiinoue eoeueoo?u, nicaeaiiie acaeiiaeaenoaeai
oneeee anao iaoeee Ainoiea e Caiaaea ia i?ioyaeaiee ouny/aeaoee,
iaiaoiaeeiinoue oa?ieiinoe, eiii?iienna e oe?iou iunee, ieuaoa e
oaiainoue aeeeoaoo?u e oioaeeoa?ecia, eo enoi?e/aneay aanieiaeiinoue,
oaiainoue e aanieiaeiinoue oceiai iaoeeiiaeecia, ii/aaiiinoe”

A 1968, iinea oiai, eae I iinoaaee naith iiaeienue iiae “Ienueiii
224-o” a iiaeaea?aeeo “Ia?auaiey e ie?iaiio iauanoaaiiiio iiaieth ” E E.
AIAI?AC e I I EEOAEIIAA a caueoo AEICAO?AA e AAEAINEIAA, aai eeoatho
aiciiaeiinoe caueoeoue aeenna?oaoeeth a Einoeoooa no?ai Acee

A 1972 a Ithioaia ?aaiou I. auoiaeyo ioaeaeueiui ecaeaieai
(“Iaiioaeeeiaaiiia”) N 1976 i?ae?auaaony ioaeeeaoeey iao/iuo noaoae I a
niaaoneeo ecaeaieyo. A oi aea a?aiy aai ?aaiou oe?iei ?ani?ino?aiythony
a

Naiecaeao

I/aiue aaaeiie /anoueth aeenneaeaioneiai aeaeaeaiey noaea
naiiaeaeueii ?aciiiaeaiiay eeoa?aoo?a – «naiecaeao» Yoi iacaaiea
iieooooeeai ?anoeo?iaaee oae: «Nai ieoo, nai ecaeath, nai
?ani?ino?aiyth, nai e ioneaeeaath ca yoi». Eeoa?aoo?iue naiecaeao
iiyaeeny aua a eiioea 50-o aa I?aaeaea anaai yoi auee noeoe
iaioeoeeaeueiuo iiyoia – I Oeaaoaaaie, I. Iaiaeaeueooaia e ae?. Caoai
iineaaeiaaee ia?aaiaeu, ?anneacu, eaaa?iua ainiiieiaiey A 1958 a. a
naiecaeao iiiae ?iiai Ai?ena Ianoa?iaea «Aeieoi? AEeaaai» Oaeei
ia?acii, ?ani?ino?aiyeenue i?iecaaaeaiey aieaa o?aonio aaoi?ia A
eiioea 60-o aa, ia?yaeo n eeoa?aoo?iui, aiciee iiaue,
iieeoe/aneee naiecaeao. Yoi auee atheeaoaiue «O?iieea oaeoueo niauoee»,
i?aaicaueoiua nai?ieee, iicaeiaa aeo?iaeu «Aa/a», «Iienee», «Aa?eaiou»,
«Iiaaeeiie» e ae?

AAOIEI Ass*ANEAA EAAIIAE*

(?. 1947, Eaeeiei).

Iaeei ec i?aaiecaoi?ia ?aai/ae eiiennee ii ?anneaaeiaaieth
eniieueciaaiey ineoeao?ee a iieeoe/aneeo oeaeyo. A 1991—1995 aa. — iaeei
ec iaiiiaeo auaoeo aeenneaeaioia, iacia/aiiuo ia ioaaonoaaiioth
ainoaea?noaaiioth aeieaeiinoue a nenoaia eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe.

Oie/eii e o/anoeth A. (oiaaea — 20-eaoiaai nooaeaioa oaeoeueoaoa
oeie/aneie e iieaeoey?iie oeceee Iineianeiai oeceei-

oaoie/aneiai einoeoooa) a iiiiceoeeiiiie iauanoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe,
noaee niauoey a *aoineiaaeee. Iinea 1968 aiaea ii iiciaeiieeny ni
iiiaeie o/anoieeaie i?aaicaueoiiai aeaeaeaiey, iinauae iieeoe/aneea
noaeaaiua i?ioeannu, aue i?e/anoai e ?ani?ino?aiaieth cai?auaiiie
eeoa?aoo?u a IOOE. A naioya?a 1969 a. aue aucaai a EAA “ia aanaaeo”.

A oio ia?eiae a iauanoaa iaiaeiie?aoii aicieeaee neooe i oii, /oi OeE
iaia?ai ioeoeeaeueii ia?aniio?aoue ioeaiee, aeaiiua ia XX e XXII
nuacaeao EINN ee/iinoe e aeayoaeueiinoe E.A.Noaeeia. Inaiueth 1969 a.
aiciiaeioth “?aaaeeeoaoeeth” Noaeeia naycuaaee n i?aaenoiyuae 90-eaoiae
aiaeiaueiie ni aeiy aai ?iaeaeaiey. A yoie nayce ianeieueei iieiaeuo
ethaeae iiaeaioiaeee eenoiaee, aaea au?aaeaeny i?ioano i?ioea
i?aaeiieaaaaoaainy ia?aniio?a ioeaiee noaeeiecia.

30 iiya?y 1969 a. o?ieo ec ieo, — A., Ieueao Eioa e E?eio’ EE11EO1}, —
a?anoiaaee. Neaaenoaea aaeinue ii no.70 OE ?NON?; auei ninoaaeaii
iaaeieoaeueiia caeeth/aiea, a eioi?ii eenoiaee ia oiiieiaeenue —
iiaeneaaenoaaiiui eie?eieie?iaaeinue o?aiaiea e ?ani?ino?aiaiea
“aioeniaaoneie” ee

oa?aoo?u. Iaeiaei aei noaea aeaei ia aeioei: A. e Eaieoi auee iiieeiaaiu
ii niaoeeaeueiiio Oeaco I?aceaeeoia Aa?oiaiiai Niaaoa NNN? e
inaiaiaeaeaiu 24 naioya?y 1970 a. (Eioa aua ai a?aiy neaaenoaey auea
i?eciaia iaaiaiyaiie e aiineaaenoaee ioi?aaeaia ia i?eioaeeoaeueiia
ea/aiea a niaoeineoaieueieoeo.)

Iinea inaiaiaeaeaiey A., eneeth/aiiue ec eiiniiiea e io/eneaiiue ec
IOOE, caeii/ee cai/iia ioaeaeaiea Iineianeiai yeiiiieei-noaoenoe/aneiai
einoeoooa. N 1973 aiaea ?aaioae i?ia?aiienoii a einoeoooa
“Eioi?iyeaeo?i” a Iineaa.

A 1975-1980 aiaeao iaiaeiie?aoii iiaeienuaae ienueia a caueoo
iieeocaeeth/aiiuo.

5 yiaa?y 1977 a. i?e Iineianeie Oaeueneieneie a?oiia auea i?aaieciaaia
?aai/ay Eiienney ii ?anneaaeiaaieth eniieueciaaiey ineoeao?ee a
iieeoe/aneeo oeaeyo (aeaeaa ?E). A. i?eiye aeoeaiia o/anoea a aa
nicaeaiee e ?aaioa.

A ethia 1977 a. ii eieoeeaoeaa A. ?E ia/aea auioneaoue nianoaaiiia
ia?eiaee/aneia ecaeaiea — “Eioi?iaoeeiiiue atheeaoaiue”. Atheeaoaie
auoiaeeee n 1977 ii 1980 a., anaai auoei 24. A ieo ioaeeeiaaeenue nienee
ocieeia ineoeao?e/aneeo ea/aaieoe, iaoa?eaeu ii ineoeao?e/aneei
?ai?anneyi i?ioeiai, niiauaiey ia a?anoao /eaiia ?E e ae?.

A oa/aiea aeaoo eao aeanoe “ia caia/aee” ?E. Ia?aie ?aaeoeeae ia

aa aeayoaeueiinoue aue aucia A. a EAA NNN? (18 ieoya?y 1979 a.). N iei
i?iaaee aanaaeo, iuoaynue auynieoue iiae?iaiinoe i ?aaioa ?E. Nio?oaeiee
EAA cayaee, /oi “Eioi?iaoeeiiiue atheeaoaiue” ?ani?ino?aiyao
eeaaaoie/aneoth eioi?iaoeeth, eioi?ay eniieuecoaony a?aaeaeaaiuie
Niaaoneiio Nithco i?aaiecaoeeyie aeey iiae?uaa nioeeaeenoe/aneiai no?iy
a no?aia. A. i?aaeoi?aaeeee i “i?ioeaicaeiiiii” oa?aeoa?a aai
aeayoaeueiinoe e iiniaaoiaaee naeaeaoue niioaaonoaothuea auaiaeu.

A?anoiaai 12 oaa?aey 1980 a. A cayaeaiee, iaienaiiii ca?aiaa, ia neo/ae
aiciiaeiiai a?anoa, A. ieoao, /oi ia niaa?oae ieeaeeo i?anooieaiee e
niia au yoi aeieacaoue ia ioe?uoii noaea.

15 iay 1980 a. a Eiiaeiia ninoiyeenue iauanoaaiiua “neooaiey caueou” ii
aeaeo A., i?aaieciaaiiia aiaeeeneeie th?enoaie e ineoeao?aie,
“Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie Aiienoeae” e /eaiaie a?eoaineiai ia?

eaiaioa. Ia neooaieyo aunooieee naeaeaoaeyie auaoea ocieee
ineoaieueieoe, yiea?e?iaaaoea ia Caiaae; auee i?aaenoaaeaiu iieacaiey
ae?ocae A., iaoiaeeaoeony a Niaaoneii Nithca.

A Iineaa aea aeaei A. neooaeinue a ia?iaeiii noaea Ethaeeineiai ?-ia
22-24 naioya?y 1980 a. Aio eie?eieie?iaaeinue ecaioiaeaiea e
?ani?ino?aiaiea “Eioi?iaoeeiiiuo atheeaoaiae” ?E, ?ani?ino?aiaiea
naiecaeaoa e ia?aia/aouaathony a ca?oaaaeiie yiea?aioneie ia/aoe, a o /
a aeo?iaeao “Eiioeiaio”, “Neioaenen”, “No?aia e ie?” Ai aoi?ie
iieiaeia 1970-o I aeecie e ?aaeaeoeee naiecaeaoneiai aeo?iaea
“Iienee”, ioaeeeoao oai naie iiaua ynna Ana iaienaiiia iiaeienuaaao
nianoaaiiui eiaiai, ia i?eaaaay e inaaaeiieiai

A naieo ioaeeoeenoe/aneeo ?aaioao I caueuaao eaeae ee/iie naiaiaeu e
aa?iiaeneiai aeaiie?aoecia, aunooiaao i?ioeaieeii eaeieia “e?iae e
ii/au”, iiaie aieiu iaoeeiiaeecia Iineaaeiaaoaeueiia e yia?ae/iia
ionoaeaaiea yoie iiceoeee naeaeaei aai iaeiei ec iaeaieaa caiaoiuo
iiiiiaioia i?aai-eiina?aaoeaiiai oa/aiey a aeenneaeaionoaa Iniaaiiia
cia/aiea eiaea iiiaieaoiyy iieaieea I n A E NIEAEAIEOeUIUI (“*aeiaae
ieioeoaea”, “No?anoiay iaeiinoi?iiiinoue e aanno?anoea aeooa”, “Nii i
ni?aaaaeeeainoe aiciacaeey”, “Noeeue iieaieee” e ae? I ,
“Ia?aciaaiueia” e ae?. Nieaeaieoeuia) Nieaeaieoeui ia?ooeeny ia
ieth?aeeci I , o?aoe?oy aai eae aanii/aaiiiai niaaoneiai “ia?aciaaiia”,
I ?acei e?eoeeiaae “no?anoioth iaeiinoi?iiiinoue”, aeoo inoeoaeueiinoe
e iai?eie?eiinoe o Nieaeaieoeuia, aai ii/aaiie/aneee ooiieci
?anoiaeynue n ii/aaiieeaie, I aue aeecie e?oao i?aaicaueoieeia A
“Eioi?iaoeeiiiii atheeaoaia ” ?1 Eiieoaoa caueou Oaoueyiu AAEEEAIIAIE,
auiouaiiii

anei?a iinea aa a?anoa (eiiaoe 1979), auei iioaeeeiaaii ynna I
“Iaeaioia thaeeay Iieioa” (eiaaony a aeaeo 100-eaoea ni aeiy ?iaeaeaiey
E A Noaeeia) Iii caaa?oaeinue neiaaie “iao iauee aeiea – i?ioeainoiyoue
oaie Noaeeia, eioi?ie i?eiinyony a eaioi noieaoiaai thaeeay yoe iiaua
aea?oau Aua ianeieueei aieia ia aaeaoiiao ec 30, 40 eee 60 ieeeeiiia”

O?aaiaiou ec eieae I “Niu Caiee”, iioaeeeiaaiiua a ?? 6-7 “Iieneia”,
neaaenoaeai ii aeaeo “Iieneia” auee eaaeeoeoee?iaaiu eae
eeaaaoie/aneea A ia?oa 1980 a Naiecaeao iinooieei ynna “Iie niaanaaeiee
AEEOI? NIEE?E(O\ a eioi?ii I ieoao i /aeiaa/aneeo ea/anoaao iaeiiai
ec ?aaeaeoi?ia “Iieneia”, i?eaaaeoeo e aai a?anoo

Ioaeeoeenoeea e iieeoe/aneia iiaaaeaiea I aucuaaee oneeaiiia aieiaiea
ni noi?iiu EAA 14 iiya?y 1984 I aue i?aaeoi?aaeaeai ii Oeaco io 25 12
1972 a nayce n ioaeeeaoeeae naieo i?iecaaaeaiee ca a?aieoeae 26 iay
1985 ia eaa?oe?a o I i?iecaaaeai iaune, eiioeneiaai eeoa?aoo?iue a?oea.
A oii aea aiaeo a Ia?eaea iaia/aoai iieiue oaeno “Niia Caiee”

N eiioea 80 – o e ii ianoiyuaa a?aiy a ?inneeneie ia?eiaeeea
iiiauaaony aieueoia /enei ioaeeoeenoe/aneeo ynna I , auoei a naao
ianeieueei oeeinioneeo e eeoa?aoo?iaaae/aneeo eiea “Ioe?uoinoue aacaeia
Ano?a/e n Aeinoiaaneei”, “Eaeoeee ii oeeinioee enoi?ee”, “Niae?aiea
naay”, “Auoiae ec o?aina” (nai?iee ynna e eoeueoo?ieiae/aneeo noaoae
ca iiiaea aiaeu), “Ia?acu aa/iiai” (a niaaoi?noaa n 3 A Ie?eeiie) I
iieo/ee aiciiaeiinoue

aunooiaoue n aeieeaaeaie e eaeoeeiiiuie eo?naie, a oii /enea a AOCao
(?inneeneee aoiaieoa?iue ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oieaa?neoao
enoi?ee eoeueoo?)

Niaa?oea ia?aoiae “io ia?enecia e eaeaaeecio” (“ss ia/ae
eiiiaioe?iaaoue Aeinoiaaneiai ii Ia?eno, a caeii/ee oieeiaaieai Ia?ena
ii Aeinoiaaneiio”), I i?eoae e iainiiaaieth ?aeeaee e aeoaeiiie
oeeinioee eae iniia /aeiaa/aneiai auoey Ioeac io iaoeiia?aciuo e
ieoieiaece?othueo eaeaieiaee, “naiinoiyiuea” ee/iinoe a ?aeeaee e
eoeueoo?a, iooue aaeoaue naay acaiai ?anoai?aiey a ianna – oaeia
i?aaeeiaeaiiue I auoiae ec aeooiaiuo e iieeoe/aneeo e?ecenia
nia?aiaiiinoe “Oieueei iiaue aeoo, iaeaeaiiue a nianoaaiiie aeoaeia,
iiaeao ian auaanoe ec o?yneiu E ia yoii, nianoaaiii aiai?y, eaeao ?a/ue
ai anao iieo eieaao ” “aioeniaaoneie eeoa?aoo?u” (a /anoiinoe
“A?oeiaeaaa AOEaa”), a oaeaea ia?auaiea e Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiio eiia?anno
ineoeao?ia a Aiiieoeo e ienueia, eioi?ua ii iinueae

a ineoaieueieoeu ii iiaiaeo iacaeiiiuo ainieoaeecaoeee e ae?oaeo
ia?ooaiee i?aaa I?eaiai?ai ii i?eaeaaao ianaeaieth oneiaiue ?aoeaen ?aaneie
iiei?iinoe”. A ?acoeueoaoa oaeie “aannii?ii neaa?iie ainieoaoaeueiie
i?aeoeee” iaoeey aoaeao caaeoa, ?aanee i?eieaeaia. Aa aoaeoo
ninoaaeyoue ia naiaiaeiua ethaee, a aeaeeea ?aau. Ii ioaeii ciaoue,
aiai?ee Eaai Iao?iae/, e i ae?oaii eiioea yoie iaeee: “Einoeieo
naiaiaeu aeeao/ <...> aei eiioea aai ia auo?aaeoue ieeaeeie oa??i?aie
“. Ii aoaeao aeeoue aeaaea a ?aaneeo aeooao e aic?iaeeony a naiue
iaiiaeoiaeyuee aeey ianeeueieeia enoi?e/aneee iiiaio.

Aianoa n oai i?aneaaeiaaiea /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe, iii?aiea
o?aaeeoeee, aa?iaaiee e ae?oaeo nayouiue a?aaeaeaieia i?aaeaea aaeeeie
?innee aucuaaao a aieiaao iiiaeo ethaeae “noeaee” i?ioeannia
aicaoaeaeaiey e oi?iiaeaiey, /ai “i?eaiaeeony a iieiia ?anno?ienoai any
ia?aiay nenoaia ianaeaiey, yoi ii/aa aeey nieioiuo iaa?icia”. A oaeii
ninoiyiee, i?iaeieaeae naith iuneue Iaaeia, a aeayoaeueiinoe iicaa
aicieeaao ia?aaeienaeueiay oaca, aeey eioi?ie oa?aeoa?ii
i?ae?auaiea ioaaoia ia neeueiua noeioeu (aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue) i?e
nio?aiaiee e aeaaea oneeaiee ?aaeoeee ia neaaua ?acae?aaeeoaee (neiaa).
Iiyoiio e naaeueiiio aiaeo ?aaiethoeee o iiiaeo ethaeae
oo?aoeeanue aini?eei/eainoue e aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe e iaino?eeanue
aini?eei/eainoue e neiaai: “Eo oneiaiua ?aoeaenu eii?aeeie?iaaiu ia n
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth, a ni neiaaie. Neiaa aeey ieo cia/ao aieueoa, /ai
oaeou. ” A iiaeoaa?aeaeaiea naieo auaiaeia Eaai Iao?iae/ i?eaiaeee
i?eia? iiaaaeaiey oyaeaeiai iaa?iiaoa — iaoeeaioa eeeieee
ia?aiuo aieaciai. Ia aeeth/aiea e?aniie eaiii/ee ii nianai ia
?aaae?iaae, a neiai “e?aniue” aucuaaei o iaai ao?ioth ?aaeoeeth.

Oaeno iaaeianeie eaeoeee 1924 a ia nio?aieeny ss aini?iecaae aai
ii oeeoaoai ec oiiiyiooie e?eoe/aneie noaouee I A A?aaeaneoea,
iioaeeeiaai-

iie a aeo?iaea “Caacaea”.

“Ianeeea aeaaea iaae iaoeie”

Eaai Iao?iae/ i?iaeieaeae oiee?iaaoue ia?oeeiia
?oeiaiaenoai e i?aaeoaeuenoai no?aiu (a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue —
Eaieia?aaea) naieie ?a/aie, iinooieaie e ienueiaie a Niaia?eii

“Au a Aaoae ?aaioa, — ienae Iaaeia Aooa?eio a 1931 a, —
neeoeii oi?iuaaoa /aeiaaea e ?ann/eouaaaoa aai naeaeaoue enoeiii
iauanoaaiiui, caie?ay aai, iai?eia?, ia any/aneeo e aaneiia/iuo
nia?aieyo aeey auneooeaaiey auneooeaaiey iaeieo e oao aea iio/aiee
?aaiethoeey aeey iaiy yoi aeaenoaeoaeueii /oi-oi oaeaniia ii
aeanoieinoe e ianeeeth, ianeeeth aeaaea iaae iaae iaoeie; aaaeue iaeei

aao aeeaeaeoe/aneee iaoa?eaeeci ii aai oaia?aoiae aeeciaiiie iinoaiiaea
ie ia aiein ia ioee/aaony io oaieiaee e einiiaiiee eieaeceoeee”
[Oe]. A ae?oaii ienueia ooaa?aeaeae “A aaaaeaiiue aonoaa Aeaaeaiee
[iaoe] ia?aa?ao, /oi any iao/iay ?aaioa Aeaaeaiee aeieaeia aanoenue ia
ieaooi?ia o/aiey i aeeaeaeoe/aneii iaoa?eaeecia Ia?ena e Yiaaeuena,
?acaa yoi ia aaee/aeoaa ianeeea aeaaea iaae iao/iie iuneueth *ai yoi
ionoaao io n?aaeiaaaeiaie eieaeceoeee e o.ae., e o.ae., e o.ae. ?”

Ioeacuaaynue auiieiyoue ?aeiiaiaeaoeee oi?aaeaiey aeaeaie
Aeaaeaiee iaoe ii oe?aieaieth o?oaeiaie aeenoeeieeiu, Eaai Iao?iae/
cayaee “Iao/iay eaai?aoi?ey — ia oaa?eea, a y ia iaaeniio?uee…
iaeuecy o?aoe?iaaoue oinoaaiiue o?oae aiieia ii oaaeiio oece/aneiai”
Oae aea ?acei ii ioaa?a o?aaiaaiey aiia?aoa Aeaaeaiee iaoe ninoaaeyoue
iiiaieaoiea aeaoaeueiua ieaiu iao/iie ?aaiou

Eaai Iao?iae/ aieaciaiii ?aaae?iaae ia ioiaio a ia/aea 20-o
aiaeia aeieoi?neeo aeenna?oaoeee, ia n/eoae i?aaeeueiie i?aaiecaoeeth
a no?aia a oa/aiea 1929—1930 aa. aieaa 30 iaaeeoeeineeo einoeoooia,
n/eoay, /oi aeey ieo iao ie eaae?ia, ie iaoa?eaeueiie aacu, e
i?ioanoiaae i?ioea nouanoaiaaiey aocianeeo eaoaae?, ia eioi?uo ia
aaaeaony iao/iay ?aaioa. “A eiioea eiioeia aeieaeia ainoi?aeanoaiaaoue
cae?aaay iuneue, — ienae ii a Aeaaeaieth iaoe, — /oi a aunoeo o/aaiuo
caaaaeaieyo iaiaoiaeeiu ia oieueei i?aiiaeaaaoaee, ii e iao/iua aeayoaee
n enneaaeiaaoaeueneeie eaai?aoi?eyie. Eia/a iaoe aunoea o/aaiua
caaaaeaiey i?aa?aoyony a aeiiacee, e iu, ia a i?eia? anaio
eoeueoo?iiio ie?o, aoaeai eeoaiu aunoeo o/aaiuo caaaaeaiee”

I?ioanou Iaaeiaa aucuaaee aeinaaeo e icaai/aiiinoue
i?aaeoaeuenoaa, iniaaiii ia ?oaaaea 20—30-o aiaeia, eiaaea ii
aunooiee i?ioea ieaiia oaeie ?ai?aaiecaoeee Aeaaeaiee iaoe, eioi?ay
aeieaeia auea oneeeoue aeeyiea ia?oee.

6 ieoya?y 1928 a ii ienae a Niaia?eii

“ss n/eoath naiei aeieaii ia?aoeoue aaoa aieiaiea ia aaaeioth
/a?oo i?eaeeaeathueony auai?ia a Aeaaeaieth iaoe. Aia?aua a enoi?ee
iaoae Aeaaeaiee, ianeieueei iia ecaanoii, ainoaea?noai ia?aae auai?aie
cayaeyao i aeaeaoaeueiinoe eca?aiey oao eee eiuo eaiaeeaeaoia. Ana
i?aaiu ainoaea?noaa (i?anna, ?oeiaiaenoai aunoeo o/aaiuo caaaaeaiee e
iauanoaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee) aieinoaaiii ianoaeaatho ia eniieiaiee aai
aeaeaiee. Iia eaaeaony, /oi yoi inei?aeyao aeinoieinoai Aeaaeaiee e
eyaeao oyaeaeui a?ocii ia niaanoue aeaaeaieeia. Auei au
ni?aaaaeeeaaa, anee au ainoaea?noai i?yii iacia/aei a Aeaaeaieth
eo/oeo, n aai oi/ee c?aiey, ethaeae. A eae aeaenoaoao ia ethaeae aai
iuiaoiee ia?ac aeaenoaee? I

ss i?eaaaeo a i?eia? niauoea, i?ienoaaeoaa o?e eee /aou?a aiaea
iacaae. Oiaaeaoiee i?aaenaaeaoaeue Ai?eniieeiia Ceiiaueaa iiaeaa?a
?aaioieeia ia?aciaaiey neaaeothuae i?ioeaaeo?a: “Auaeaeiooa
?aciethoeey. Eoi i?ioea Iie/aiea. ?aciethoeey i?eiyoa aaeeiiaeanii “.

A oa aeie y ano?aoee iaeiiai iiaai oiaa?eua-i?ioanni?a e iiaeaeeeny n
iei naiei aiciouaieai ii yoiio iiaiaeo. ss aeieaeai aeiaaaeoue, /oi yoio
iie oiaa?eu eiae ?aiooaoeeth /aeiaaea eneeth/eoaeueiie /anoe. Ioaao aai
aue neaaeothuei: “A /aai au oioeoa ?acaa au ia ciaaoa, /oi nae/an
ethaia aic?aaeaiea yoi naiioaeenoai Iaeuecy ia i?eciaoue, /oi iaoa
oaeouay neooaoeey aiceaaaao ia ian ia?iiioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue ”

Iai?aiaiiue nae?aoa?ue Aeaaeaiee iaoe N.O Ieueaeaiao?a n/eoae, /oi
ai eiy nianaiey Aeaaeaiee ioaeii iiei?eoueny o?aaiaaieyi aeanoae Ai
a?aiy iaeiiai iniaaiii aea?eiai nii?a A E Aa?iaaeneee aunooiee ca oi,
/oiau i?eiyoue ianoie/eaua oeacaiey eiiia?oee e aieiniaaoue ca
aaeeioe?othueony eaiaeeaeaoia ia ia?niiaeueii, a ii nieneai Iaaeia
aci?aaeny “Oi, /oi au i?aaeeaaaaoa, — yoi eaeaenoai!” Iiiuoee
oniieieoue aai ia oaai/aeenue oniaoii “Iaaeia ii/oe e?e/ae, /oi
iu aeieaeiu cayaeoue i naaa aieueoaaeeai, /oi ia/aai eo aiyoueny,
/oi ia ioaeii ieeaeeo i?aaeaa?eoaeueiuo ia?aaiai?ia, /oi eaaeaeue iiaeao
e aeieaeai aeaenoaiaaoue naiinoiyoaeueii e o.ae. Na?aae
(Ieueaeaiao?a) ?aoeoaeueii cayaee, /oi aio, Eaaio Iaaeiao, iicaieaii
aiai?eoue ana, /oi oaiaeii, aai ia o?iioo, iineieueeo ii iaoiaeeony a
i?eaeeaae?iaaiiii iieiaeaiee, iineieueeo, eae anai ecaanoii e eae
ooaa?aeaeatho naie aieueoaaeee, ii eaeaeiue eeaea? eo ia?oee. Iaaeia
niiaa aneeiae. Yoi auei oaeanii!”

Iinea yoiai eioeeaeaioa Eaai Iao?iae/ aei eiioea naiae aeecie ia
iinaoee ie iaeiiai iauaai nia?aiey Aeaaeaiee iaoe, n/eoay
iiaaaeaiea naieo aeaaeaie/aneeo eieeaa a 1928—1929 aa
oo?aeea?aoa?noaii e eaieooeyoeeae ia?aae a?oaie neeie

Ia ai?ueeea ?acaeoiuey ia iaeeii/anoaa Eaaia Iao?iae/a a iao/iie
n?aaea iaaiaeeo ioaao i?aceaeaioa Aeaaeaiee iaoe NNN? A I
Ea?ieineiai I?aae

naaeaoaeth Niaia?eiia A I Iieioiao, eioi?ue ia?aneae aio iaeei ec
iaaeianeeo i?ioanoia i?ioea ?ai?annee a Eaieia?aaea iinea oaeenoaa
Ee?iaa e o?aaiaae aeaoue ioeaieo yoiio ienueio.

“ss auniei oeaith iao/iua caneoae iiaai eieeaae, — ioaa/ae
Ea?ieineee Iieioiao, —oaaaeath aai iacaaeneiue oa?aeoa? e niiniaiinoue
nicaeaaaoue eae aeey ?aaiou aai Einoeoooa, oae e aeey aai ee/iie
eneeth/eoaeueii aeaaii?eyoiua oneiaey; y anaaaea niaeaeae,

/oi ii ia i?eieiaao o/anoey a iauae aeaaeaie/aneie aeecie. Ienueii
aeaae. E.I.Iaaeiaa iaiy aeoaiei iai?/eei ia iioiio, /oi aoaeo/e oaeei
aea ieioei iieeoeeii, eae y, anee ia ooaea, ii aic?aaeaao i?ioea
ia?ii?eyoee I?aaeoaeuenoaa… ss iaiaeiie?aoii oioae i?ineoue o Aan
naeaeaiey, /oiau iiaanaaeiaaoue n Aaie eae i aeaeao Aeaaeaiee, oae e ii
?yaeo iaueo aii?inia aeecie iaoae no?aiu, eai, iia aeoiaaony,
ii/aio ia auneooaoue eiiaaea iiaiea oioy e iaaeinoaoi/ii eiiiaoaioiiai,
ii eneeth/eoaeueii e ene?aiii aeaaiaeaeaoaeueiiai eeoea. Aio
yoie aeaaiaeaeaoaeueiinoe y ia iaoiaeo a ienueia iiaai eieeaae
E.I.Iaaeiaa, ioaeaeythuaai naay e naith ?iaeeio io iaoae iauae no?aiu e
iaoaai iauaai aeaea, e yoi eiaiii oi, /oi iaiy aeoaiei iia/aeeei “.

“Oaeo iiaaeueiiai a?anoiaaiey”

Eaai Iao?iae/ iinoiyiii ia?auaeny a Niaia?eii n o?aaiaaieyie
inaiaiaeeoue ec-iiae a?anoa ciaeiiuo aio ethaeae (io aeaaeaieea
Ae.I.I?yieoieeiaa aei oai?ueoeu einoeoooneiai aeaa?ey A.E.Aa?oaoiaie),
i?ae?aoeoue ?ai?annee e oa??i? a no?aia, a oaeaea aiiaiey ia oea?eiaue.

“I?eaycaiiue e naiae ?iaeeia, — ienae ii a Niaia?eii 20 aaaonoa
1930 a., — n/eoath iiei aeieaii ia?aoeoue aieiaiea I?aaeoaeuenoaa
ia neaaeothuaa. Aani?a?uaiua e aan/eneaiiua a?anou aeaeatho iaoo
aeeciue niaa?oaiii eneeth/eoaeueiie. ss ia ciath oeaee eo (anoue ee
yoi aacia?ii ona?aeiia eneaiea a?aaia ?aaeeia eee iaoiae ono?aoaiey,
eee aua /oi-ieaoaeue), ii ia iiaeeaaeeo niiiaieth, /oi a iiaeaaeythuai
/enea neo/aaa aeey a?anoa iao ie iaeaeoaai iniiaaiey, oi anoue
aeiiaiinoe a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. A aeeciaiiua iineaaenoaey oaeoa
iiaaeueiiai a?anoiauaaiey niaa?oaiii i/aaeaeiu. AEeciue eaaeaeiai
aeaeaaony aiieia neo/aeiie, ieneieueei ia ?ann/eouaaaiie. A n yoei
iaecaaaeii en/acaao aeeciaiiay yia?aey, eioa?an e aeecie. A aeaeao ee
yoi ii?iaeueiiai ainoaea?noaa? ”

Ia iaiaa aeanoeei i?aaeinoa?aaeaieai aini?eieiaaony ia?auaiea a
Niaia?eii 21 aeaeaa?y 1934 a. Iii oaea /anoe/ii oeeoe?iaaeinue a ia/aea
noaouee. Caeanue oianoii i?iaeieaeeoue:

“Iu aeeee e aeeaai iiae iaineaaaaathuei ?aaeeiii oa??i?a e
ianeeey. Ii iaaei iiiieoue, /oi /aeiaaeo, i?ienoaaeoaio ec caa?y, eaaei
iaaeaoue, ii

o?oaeii iiaeieiaoueny. Oai, eioi?ua ceiaii i?eaiaa?eaatho e nia?oe iannu
naaa iiaeiaiuo e n oaeiaeaoai?aieai i?eaiaeyo yoi a eniieiaiea, eae e
oai, ianeeuenoaaiii i?eo/aaiui o/anoaiaaoue a yoii. aaeaa ee aiciiaeii
inoaoueny nouanoaaie, /oanoaothueie e aeoiathueie /aeiaa/ii. E n ae?oaie
noi?iiu. Oai, eioi?ua i?aa?auaiu a caaeouo aeeaioiuo, aaeaa ee aiciiaeii
naeaeaoueny nouanoaaie n /oanoaii nianoaaiiiai /aeiaa/aneiai
aeinoieinoaa “.

A a?oeaa nio?aieeny aa?eaio yoiai ienueia, niaea?aeauee oaeea
neiaa: “Yoi aannii?ii neaa?iay ethaeneay i?aeoeea. Ethaee ii?yaei/iua
a yoie oeiea aeaeathony iici?iuie ?aaaie… N ?aaaie, eiia/ii, ie/aai
oi?ioaai ia naeaeaoue naeaeaoue, a ?aaneee aeoo, iniiaaoaeueii
iao?aie?iaaiiue, nei?i iioii ia auaiieoue “. Ienueii aeinoeaei
aae?anaoa, iineieueeo anoue ioaao Iieioiaa

17 ieoya?y 1928 a. Iaaeia iai?aaee ioeoeeaeueiue cai?in
i?aaeoaeuenoao, iaia?aii ee iii niaaoiaaoueny n ia?aciaaiiuie
ethaeueie, inouanoaeyy i?aiioth ia?ano?ieeo anae aeecie ?inneeneiai
iauanoaa “A eaeii ?aceii i?ioeai?a/ee i?e iaoae ?anioaeeea, — ienae ii
a yoii cai?ina, — noieo i?eeaaaoaeueiia “niaaoneay”, ia a aai
ioeoeeaeueiii, a a iauaoiio?aaeoaeueiii niunea! Ia?aciaaiiua ethaee
i?aa?auaiu a aaciieaiuo c?eoaeae e eniieieoaeae. Iie aeaeyo, eae
aaniiuaaeii e aieueoath /anoeth iaoaea/ii ia?ae?aeaaaony any aeeciue
aei aeia, eae a?iiicaeeony ioeaea ia ioeaea, ii iie aeieaeiu
iie/aoue e aeaeaoue oieueei oi, /oi i?eeacaii. Iiaeii aac
i?aoaaee/aiey neacaoue, /oi i?aaeiyy eioaeeeaaioeey /anoeth
eno?aaeyaony, /anoeth e ?aca?auaaony”

Aa?iyoii, iiiaea i?aaenoaaeoaee i?aayuae ia?oee ?aaeu auee au
i?aiaa?a/ue e Iaaeiaui n aai anaie?iie ecaanoiinoueth, e iao/iui
i?anoeaeai ?innee, ii eaieineay io?aiiay a?aiioa ia oieueei iaaeaaeii
aai caueuaea, ii e iicaieyea aio o?aaiaaoue io i?aaeoaeuenoaa oiai, /aai
ii/oe ieeiio a no?aia aeaaea i?ineoue ia iicaieyeinue I?eaaaeo oieueei
aeaa oa?aeoa?iuo i?eia?a

A 1933 a a iaeio ec iaaeianeeo eaai?aoi?ee i?eaue i?ioanni? ec
Naeoeee iao/iuo ?aaioieeia, /oiau oaaaeiieoue Iaaeiaa i i?aaenoiyuae
“/enoea aioeniaaoneeo yeaiaioia” Eaai Iao?iae/ auoau?ioe aai,
noaaoea ca oeai?io e aeaa ieiea, ec eaai?aoi?ee n e?eeii “Aii
ionthaea, iiaeiiie!” Naeoeey auea aiciouaia inei?aeaieai, iaianaiiui
eo nioiaa?euo, e iai?aaeea aeaeaaaoeeth e Ee?iao n o?aaiaaieai
iaeacaoue Iaaeiaa, ia /oi aeaaa eaieia?aaeneie ia?oeeiie i?aaiecaoeee
ioaaoee eaeiie/ii “Ie/ai ia iiao aai iiii/ue”

Aaeaa ociaa ia a?anoa naiaai nio?oaeieea eiiioienoa O I Iaei?iaa,
Iaaeia noaaoee oaeaoiiioth o?oaeo e iio?aaiaae io oaeaoiienoee
niaaeeieoue aai n “aeaaiui aeaiaea?iii” Iiia/aeo iia ioeacuaaeanue
auiieieoue yoi o?aaiaaiea, ii Iaaeia aue iai?aeeiiai Aio ioaaoee nai
O Ae Iaae

aaaeue, ia/aeueiee Eaieia?aaeneiai IIOO Eaai Iao?iae/ oaeueoeaoii
i?ie?e/ae “Aio /oi, ainiiaeei oi?ioee, anee caao?a oo?ii Oaaei?
Iao?iae/ Iaei?ia ia aoaeao ia naiai ?aai/ai ianoa, oi y aoaeo
aeaeiaaoueny ainiiaeeio Iieioiao eee ainiiaeeio Noaeeio”. E
aa/a?o oiai aea aeiy Iaei?ia oaea ?aaioae a eaai?aoi?ee e aieueoa
ieeiaaea ia a?anoiauaaeny A 1948 a ii iaienae “Enoi?eth o/aiey ia
oneiaiuo ?aoeaenao”

I aeaa?aaeaoeee oece/aneiai e aeooiaiiai caei?iauey ia?iaea

?aaeeea iaaeianeea n?aaeu (aaeaiaaeaeueiua nia?aiey nio?oaeieeia
anao aai eaai?aoi?ee) iaoiaeeeenue aac e?eoeee Iaaeiaui aieueoaaeeia,
iaoiaeia eo ?oeiaiaenoaa no?aiie, aac i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiey
eioa?iaoeeiiaeecia iao?eioecio, aac inoaeaeaiey nioeeaeueiuo oneiaee
aeecie a NNN? e neaiiai iieeiiaiey Noaeeio 9 iay 1934 a Eaai
Iao?iae/ ienae aeaaeaieeo I N.Aea?aeaaeio “Ia?aay caaea/a
ainoaea?noaa io?aiaiea ia?iaeiiai caei?iauey, iaania/aiea iniiaiuo
oneiaee nouanoaiaaiey ianaeaiey, a yoiai-oi e iao (i?ioeiaiaeiee aieiae
aei noaiaie ethaeiaaenoaa ni ananithciui oaeanathuei nuiiui oeoii e
oaia?aoiaa iaaeiaaeaiea a ianna, ionoonoaea aeinoaoi/iiai oiieeaa,
oaniioa e a?ycue, iaaeinoaoie a naiuo iaueiiaaiiuo eaea?noaao e
o.ae., e o.ae.) ”

A oii aea aiaeo ienueii Iaaeiaa ia?eiio cae?aaiio?aiaiey A I
Eaieineiio niaea?aeeo oaeea iaaeiaiey:

“Aeoiaaoa ee Au aeinoaoi/ii i oii, /oi iiiaieaoiee oa??i? e
aacoaea?aeiia naiaaieea aeanoe i?aa?auaao iaoo e aac oiai aeiaieueii
aceaoneoth iaoo?o a iici?ii-?aaneoth?.. A iiiai ee iiaeii naeaeaoue
oi?ioaai n ?aaaie? Ie?aieaeu — aea, ii ia iauaa enoeiii /aeiaa/aneia
n/anouea.

Inoaiaaeeaaaoa ee Au Aaoa aieiaiea ia oii, /oi
iaaeiaaeaiea e iiaoi?ythuaany aieiaeaiea a ianna ianaeaiey n eo
iai?aiaiiuie niooieeaie iianaianoiuie yieaeaieyie — iiae?uaatho neeu
ia?iaea? A oece/aneii caei?iauea iaoeee, a yoii ia?aii e iai?aiaiiii
oneiaee, — i?i/iue ooiaeaiaio ainoaea?noaa, a ia oieueei a aan/eneaiiuo
oaa?eeao, o/aaiuo e o/aiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo e o.ae., eiia/ii, ioaeiuo,
ii i?e no?iaie ?acai?/eainoe e iaaeeaaeauae ainoaea?noaaiiie
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe”.

I?eaeaeay aieiaiea i?aaeoaeuenoaa e oooaeoaieth oece/aneiai
caei?iauey iaoeee iinea ?aaiethoeee, Eaai Iao?iae/ i?aaeoi?aaeaeae e i
aeaa?aaeaoeee aeooiaiiai caei?iauey, ia iianiinoe iaaeaiey i?aaia.
N?aaee ae?oaeo i?e/ei aeooiaiiai ineoaeaiey ii oeacuaae ia
inaiaiaeaeaiea io anao oi?iicia, iacuaaaiia ii/aio- oi aeaiie?aoeae, e
ianeeuenoaaiiia enei?aiaiea ?aeeaeiciiai ainieoaiey.

“Ii iiaio aeoaieiio oaaaeaeaieth, — ienae Iaaeia, — aiiaiea
iaoei I?aaeoaeuenoaii ?aeeaee e iie?iaeoaeuenoai aieinoaothuaio aoaecio

anoue aieueoay e a?aaeiay iineaaenoaeyie ainoaea?noaaiiay ioeaea. ss
niciaoaeueiue aoaeno-?aoeeiiaeeno e iioiio ia niiao auoue caiiaeic?ai a
eaeii au oi ie auei i?ioanneiiaeueiii i?eno?anoee ?aeeaey anoue
aaaeiaeoee io?aieoaeueiue einoeieo, ia?aciaaaoeeny, eiaaea aeeaioiia
i?aa?auaeinue a /aeiaaea <...> e eiathuee ia?iiiia aeeciaiiia cia/aiea”.

“Aa?oeiie /aeiaa/anoaa” yaeyeny aeey Eaaia Iao?iae/a Eenon
O?enoin, “inouanoaeaoee a naaa aaee/aeooth ec anao /aeiaa/aneoth enoeio
— enoeio i ?aaainoaa anao ethaeae <...> e /ai anth enoi?eth /aeiaaea
?acaeaeee ia aeaa iieiaeiu: aei iaai ?aaneoth e iinea iaai —
eoeueoo?ioth o?enoeaineoth… ”

Iaaeia i?ioanoiaae i?ioea ?ac?ooaiey oea?eiaiuo o?aiia.
Nio?aieeinue aai iaaiaeothuaa ienueii a Niaia?eii, eiaaea oie/oiaeeee ia
O?ieoeeie ieiuaaee, iaiiaeaeaeo io aeai?oea Eoaneineie, iaoa?ao?aneoth
nayouith — aea?aayiioth O?ieoeeoth oea?eiaue, iino?iaiioth Iao?ii
Aaeeeei i?e iniiaaiee ai?iaea.

Iiiaea iaaeianeea ienueia a Niaia?eii niaea?aeao o?aaiaaiey i
i?ae?auaiee i?aneaaeiaaiee nayuaiineoaeeoaeae e eo naiae. Io/eneaiea
ec Aiaiii-iaaeeoeeineie aeaaeaiee nuiiaae nayuaiieeia iineoaeeei
Iaaeiao a 1924 a. iiaiaeii e i?ae?auaieth ?aaiou a naiae, oioy i?e/eiu
aai ooiaea ioooaea auee ai?acaei ianooaaiaa. Iaeiaei e ai?ueao ca
eciaiaiea ioiioaiey i?aaeoaeuenoaa e aeooiaainoao ii n/eoae i/aiue
aaaeiie e aae aa aei iineaaeieo aeiae aeecie. Ca aeaa n iieiaeiie
ianyoea aei eii/eiu ii ienae Iieioiao:

“I?aaeiaa aeooiaiia nineiaea iaeii ec iaeaieaa neeueiuo e
caei?iauo nineiaee ?innee. ?acaa iii iaei ?aaioaei ia iauoth eoeueoo?o
?iaeeiu? ?acaa ia?aua iaoe o/eoaey eieaeiie i?aaaeu e i?ia?anna ia
auee ec aeooiaiiai nineiaey: Aaeeineee, Aeia?iethaia e ae?. ? ?acaa iaoa
a?a/aaiia nineiaea aei ?aaiethoeee ia ninoiyei aaeaa ee ia ia 50
i?ioeaioia ec eeoe aeooiaiiai nineiaey? A ?acaa eo iaei e a
iaeanoe /enoie iaoee e o.ae., e o.ae.? Ii/aio aea iie eaeia-oi
ioaa?aeaiiia nineiaea aeaaea a aeaoyo (o?aca ca/a?eiooa — A.N.O I iaoai
(ca/a?eiooi i Aaoai — A.N.) ainoaea?noaaiiii aoaecia y n/eoath iiei
aeieaii aiai?eoue iiaio I?aaeoaeuenoao iioii… e aieaa i?ino?aiii” [O].

Ioaao Iieioiaa io 28 aeaeaa?y 1935 a naeaeaoaeuenoaoao, /oi
o?aaiaaiey Iaaeiaa ia inoaeenue aeanii aiiethuaai a ionouia A
ia/aea ienueia i?aaeniaia?eiia iaauae ?acia?aoueny, ianeieueei auea
ii?aaaeaia aunueea ec Eaieia?aaea “ianeieueei eeoe”, ca eioi?uo ?o/aeny
Eaai Iao?iae/ “Oaia?ue, — i?iaeieaeae Iieioia, — ian/ao ia?aie/aiee a
ioiioaiee aeaoae eeoe ec aeooiaainoaa. Ia yoi iiao Aai
ioaaoeoue oieueei iaeii: oaia?ue, aeaenoaeoaeueii, a yoeo
ia?aie/aieyo iao ieeaeiai niunea, e?iia io?eoeaoaeueiiai. Iie
ioaeiu auee a naia a?aiy, a oaia?ue iiaeea-

aeao aaconeiaiie ioiaia” E ia naiii aeaea, ioiioaiea niaaoneiai
i?aaeoaeuenoaa e aeooiaainoao e ?aeeaee ianeieueei eciaieeinue a
i?aaeaiaiiua aiaeu, (a ia ai a?aiy aieiu, eae ieooo iaeioi?ua
nia?aiaiiua enoi?eee) Iieaaath, /oi Iaaeiao i?eiaaeeaaeeo caeanue ia
iineaaeiyy ?ieue

‘?iiai ni noa?eeii”

Auiieiyy eaieineee caaao e i?aiaeieaaay iineaaenoaey iieaieee a
1923—1924 aa n Iaaeiaui, Aooa?ei i?aaei?eiye oneeaiiua iiiuoee
caaiaaaoue aai aeiaa?ea ss oaea iienuaae aanoea?aiiiiia aoi?aeaiea
Aooa?eia a iaaeianeoth eaa?oe?o e aai o/anoea aac i?eaeaoaiey a naiaeiii
iaaaea Aia/aea iaaae i?ioiaeee a aiaoouai iie/aiee Iioii, eiaaea
iacaaiue ainoue eiiiaoaioii ioeaiee eieeaeoeeth aaai/ae, ?acaaoaiioth
ia noaiao noieiaie, Eaai Iao?iae/ caeioa?aniaaeny ?acaiai?ii. Iienaiea
yoiai yieciaea Aooa?ei caeii/ee o?acie “Oae ia/aeny iie ?iiai ni
noa?eeii “.

Nia/aea Aooa?ei iiiuoaeny ioaeaeeoue o/aiea Iaaeiaa io iaai
naiiai e iauyaee, aac niaeaney ia oi aaoi?a, ?aoeaeoi?ioth oai?eth
anoanoaaiii iao/iie ieaooi?iie aeeaeaeoe/aneiai iaoa?eaeecia e
iieeoe/aneie aeieo?eiu eiiioienoe/aneie oai?ee Aeaeaei ia ana
?oeiaiaeeoaee ainoaea?noaa, ioeoeeaeueiua oeeiniou e aeaaea o/aiua
i?eiyee aooa?eineoth eioa?i?aoaoeeth Iai?eia?, IA. Naiaoei ooaa?aeaeae
“Neaaay noi?iia aai (Iaaeiaa. — A.N) o/aiey ninoieo a oii, /oi ii
iaoaie/aneee, a ia aeeaeaeoe/aneee iaoa?eaeeno … E eae auaaao n
iaoaienoaie, iaoaieno-iaoa?eaeeno Iaaeia, iiiai ii?aaioaaoee iaae
?ac?ooaieai eaeaaeecia e iiiiaueiu, niueaaony n naiui aeiiiaeeeiiui
eaeaaeeciii ”

A 1929 a. A A Eoeauoaa aneaae ca Ai?ueeei iaicaae Iaaeiaa
/a?iinioaioeai Aooa?ei ooo aea ioia?e?iaae “*oi ii “Eioa?iaoeeiiae”

ia iiao, yoi y ciath. Ii ii ana aea ainieouaaeny ia Iena?aaa,
i?iaeieaeaao aeaei Na/aiiaa, a aioeaieueoaaenoneea oaiaeaioeee aai —
nouanoaothuea — nei?aa aeaiie?ao— ao?aeoaciiai] oa?aeoa?a. Ii ii naiue
e?oiiue oeceieia a ie?a, iaoa?eaeeno e, ianiio?y ia ana naia
ai?/aiuea, eaeaieiae/anee ?aaioaao ia ian (a naieo ni/eiaieyo, a ia a
?a/ao)” Iaaa?iia, a yoeo neiaao niaea?aeeony i?aoaaee/aiea cia/eiinoe
?aaio Iaaeiaa aeey i?aayuae ia?oee, a cia/eo, e caneoa naiiai Aooa?eia a
auiieiaiee caaeaiey aa iniiaaoaey I oeaee yoiai i?aoaaee/aiey
“ethaeiaoe anae ia?oee” i?iaiai?eeny a iae?ieiaa “Iaaeia iao
oeaeeeii, e iu aai ieeiio ia ioaeaaeei “.

I?i/eoaa eaoii 1931 a “Iaoa?eaeeci e yiie?eie?eoeoeeci”, Eaai
Iao?iae/ aiai?ee Ieeeoeio, /oi n/eoaao ?annoaeaeaiey aaoi?a cae?aauie,
ii aai ei?iaeo a?oainoue eaieineeo au?aaeaiee. Yoo eieao i?eian Iaaeiao
Aooa?ei, eioi?ue iineaaeiaaoaeueii a naiae ianoie/eainoe, ii aeaeeeaoii
e ia oi?iiy niauoee, noa?aeny eciaieoue aai ioiioaiea e niaaoneie
aeanoe.

“Ethaeiaoe ia?oee” i?ioaaee?iaae Eaaio Iao?iae/o a
iao/ii-i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo aeaeao — a no?ieoaeuenoaa iiaie iaaeianeie
eaai?aoi?ee a Eieoooao, ia /oi auee anneaiiaaiu ia?iiiua noiiu
aeaiaa, ia?aaea/a Oeceieiae/aneiio einoeoooo AI NNN? aieueoiai
aeaonaaoiiai caea e iiiauaiee aaieiae/aneie eaai?aoi?ee naiiai
i?aceaeaioa Aeaaeaiee iaoe Ea?ieineiai a aeiia ?a ia Oo/eiaie
iaaa?aaeiie (iaaa?aaeiie Iaea?iaa) a Eaieia?aaea. A 1927 a. auei
iiaeaioiaeaii ?aoaiea i i?enaiaiee Einoeoooo yenia?eiaioaeueiie
iaaeeoeeiu eiaie Iaaeiaa, ii ii ioeacaeny io oaeie /anoe. *a?ac
aeaa aiaea a iciaiaiiaaiea aai 85-eaoey Eiiooeineay oeeoea auea
ia?aeiaiiaaia a oeeoeo Aeaaeaieea Iaaeiaa.

Aooa?ei onie?ye no?anoe iaaeo noi?ii. Eoeauoaaa ii oaaaeaeae a
oii, /oi Iaaeia “eaeaieiae/anee ?aaioaao ia ian”, a aai naiiai oiieye
“ia nni?eoueny n ?aaiethoeeae”. Ia?aoeiny, iai?eia?, e oeeoaoa ec aai
ienueia Eaaio Iao?iae/o a eiioea 1931 a.:

“Ca Aaie aioiau ooaaeeaaoue eae oaiaeii, ana aioiau eaeoe
iaano?a/o anyeie Aaoae ?aaioa, a Aai iaycaoaeueii oi/aony anoaaeoue
?aaiethoeee ia?i. Ia aeaeaeoa yoiai ?aaee Aiaa. Au ia na?aeeoanue ia
iaiy ca yoo eioa?aaioeeth. Ii iu oneiaeeenue n Aaie ian/ao
ioe?iaaiiinoe. Oae oae ?ac?aoeoa ia?aoeoueny e Aai e n yoie ai?y/ae
i?inueaie. Ia nni?ueoanue n ?aaiethoeeae. Au aaaeue ieaaeaoanue iai?aau,
ia aiai?y i anai i?i/ai. ss oae oae Aan ia yoii i?ioo. Yoi aaaeiae anaai
i?i/aai. Io, aei naeaeaiey, ia aiaaaeoanue ”

Ia ?oaaaea 20—30-o aiaeia Aooa?ei aeeo?aoii i?enooiee e
aiaea/aieth Iaaeiaa a i?iiaaaiaeo oniaoia Niaaoneiai Nithca,
ea?ay

ia ainoaea?noaaiiii iao?eioecia /aeiaaea, ia ne?uaaaoaai naiae
aaca?aie/iie ethaae e ?innee — aeaaea oiaaea, eiaaea yoi ?anoeaieaaeinue
eae oiaeieci.

Caiya a 1934 a. iino ioaaonoaaiiiai ?aaeaeoi?a “Ecaanoee”,
Aooa?ei noae nenoaiaoe/anee, i?e/ai ana /aua e /aua, ioaeeeiaaoue a
naiae aacaoa aanaaeu n aeaaeaieeii Iaaeiaui. Iai?aaeye e iaio oiiuo e
eciu?aiiuo a naiai aeaea aeo?iaeenoia, eioi?ua eioa?auethe?iaaee Eaaia
Iao?iae/a oae, /oi ii ia iia eo oi?aeiooue a eneaaeaiee aai iuneae e
?a/ae Aianoa n oai iie oiiei iaoiaeeee aii?inu, a ioaaoao ia eioi?ua
aio i?eoeinue au i?iyaeyoue iaeiyeueiinoue e niaaoneie aeanoe.
Iinoaiaiii e?oa oaeeo aii?inia noaiiaeeny ana oaea.

A 1923 a. Iaaeia ai anooieoaeueiie eaeoeee e eo?no oeceieiaee
nooaeaioai Aiaiii-iaaeeoeeineie aeaaeaiee cayaeye, /oi “ii oaia?aoiei
aacaoai ninoaaeoue naaa iiiyoea i aeecie aaeaa ee iiaeii: iie neeoeii
i?eno?anoiu. E y eo ia /eoath”. A a 30-a aiaeu ii noae
nio?oaeie/aoue n niaaoneeie aeo?iaeenoaie, aunooiae n ia?auaieyie e
iieiaeaaee, oaooa?ai, eieoicieeai. A yoeo ia?auaieyo ia auei ie/aai
i?ioeaiiai niaaoneiio ainoaea?noao. Aianoa n oai iie anaaaea niaea?aeaee
iunee, aeaeaei ia iauai?eiyoua.

Aooa?ei oi/ii auaeaeae a?aiy aeey ia/aea naiae “aoaee” ia
Iaaeiaa. Anee ia?aua iinea?aaiethoeeiiiua aiaeu i?ioee iiae
ciaeii ?ac?ooaiey ?inneeneie ainoaea?noaaiiinoe, oi a eiioea 20-o
aiaeia iaiaoeeinue aa aic?iaeaeaiea. Eaai Iao?iae/ ia iia yoiai ia
caiaoeoue e aue ia iaeeiie a naiae ioeaiea niauoee.

“ss oi/o aa?eoue… ”

Niath ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi Iaaeia a 30-a aiaeu ia/ae eciaiyoue naia
ioiioaiea e niaaoneie aeanoe. Ia iioiio, /oi i?eniiniaeeny e iae, a
aeaaiaea?y ea?aeeiaeueiie ei??aeoeee ath naiie naiae aiaoiae
ainoaea?noaaiiie iieeoeee. Ioeoeeaeueiay i?iiaaaiaea noaea
ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi nioeeaeeci iiaeao iiaaaeeoue a ioaeaeueiie no?aia,
a aeey nio?aiaiey naay ai a?aaeaeaaiii ie?oaeaiee iaiaoiaeeii
oe?aieyoue ainoaea?noai. Iioeau oe?aieaiey ainoaea?noaaiiinoe o Iaaeiaa
e niaaoneie aeanoe auee ?aciua, ii “?aaeueiay aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue”,
iai?aaeaiiay ia ainnoaiiaeaiea iiao/ae ?inneeneie aea?aeaau, aai
ono?aeaaea

Iciaeiieaoenue n i?iaeoii ia?aie niaaoneie Eiinoeoooeee, Eaai
Iao?iae/ noae iaaeayoueny ia “i?eaeeaeaiea ca?e aeaiie?aoe/aneie y?u a
NNN?”, i /ai neacae ia nia?aiee naieo nio?oaeieeia:

“ss iiiai ?ac aeaeiaaeny ia oyainoue aeecie. Oaia?ue oi/o neacaoue
ae?oaia. Iia eaaeaony, /oi a iaoae aeecie ianooiaao oi?ioaa <.>.
Neieueei ?ac iia i?eoiaeeeinue naoiaaoue ia oyaeaeia iieiaeaiea
iauaaoaey, eiaaea aai any/aneeie ia?aie i?eioaeaeaee aieiniaaoue ca /oi
oaiaeii. Oaia?ue yoi ioiaiaii <..> y oi/o aa?eoue, /oi aeaenoaeoaeueii
i?ienoiaeeo iiai?io e ii?iaeueiiio no?ith aeecie”. A yoeo neiaao ia
/oanoaoaony oaa?aiiinoe, ii a ieo i?enoonoaoao iaaeaaeaea, eioi?oth
ca?iiee a aeooo Aooa?ei, iaeei ec iniiaiuo aaoi?ia Eiinoeoooeee.
Iicaeiaa ia iaiaa neeueiia aeeyiea ia Eaaia Iao?iae/a noae
ieacuaaoue ae?oaie aeaeiue ia?oeeiue e ainoaea?noaaiiue aeayoaeue —
A.I.Eaieineee, i eioi?ii Iaaeia aiai?ee: “Oiiue aieueoaaee, n iei ana
ioioii nio?oaeie/atho “.

Iaeiaei neeueiaa neiaaniuo oaaaeaeaiee yoeo ethaeae aeaenoaiaaee
ia Iaaeiaa oaeou. Oieueei ei ii aeiaa?ye e a eaai?aoi?ee, e a
iianaaeiaaiie aeecie. A oaeou auee oaeiau, /oi aanue ie? iacuaae a
30-a aiaeu “?onneei /oaeii” eieinnaeueiua oaiiu eiaeono?eaeecaoeee
no?aiu e aeinoeaeaiey a iiaii ono?ienoaa iauanoaa. Yoi ioiaoee
i?ioanni? Yaeeiao?aneiai oieaa?neoaoa Ae. Aa?aeaea? a naiae ?a/e
ia caeeth/eoaeueiii ieaia?iii canaaeaiee XV Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai
eiia?anna a Iineianeie eiina?aaoi?ee 17 aaaonoa 1935 a.; eiaiii a
yoie ?a/e Iaaeia aue iacaai “ia?aui ec oeceieiaia ie?a” —

Iiaaaeaiea Iaaeiaa ia eiia?anna a i?enoonoaee 1500 /aeiaae iaaic-

iiaeii eioa?i?aoe?iaaoue eia/a eae i?eciaiea caneoa niaaoneiai
i?aaeoaeuenoaa e oaaaeaeaiea, /oi “aieueoaaenoneee yenia?eiaio”
caneoaeeaaao i?aai ia i?iaaaeaiea.

4 ieoya?y 1934 a. ii ienae a Niaia?eii: “ss i/aiue aeaeath aeeoue
e aeaeueoa — e i?eiaith aeey yoiai eae iie ciaiey i aeeaioiii
i?aaiecia, oae e anth iith aieth — i?aaeaea anaai, /oiau aeaeaoue ia
aiciiaeii aieueoai ia?eiaea ?acoeueoao Aaoaai a?aiaeeiciiai
yenia?eiaioa. ?acoeueoao yoiai yenia?eiaioa, ii iiaio ?acoiaieth,
eiia/ii, aeaeaei aua ia ii?aaeaeeeny. A ii aaaeue eanaaony noaeueau
?iaeeiu!” A 1935 a. (aei eiia?anna) Iaaeia aiai?ee E.I.Iaeneiio,
niaaoneiio iineo a Eiiaeiia: “Iiaeaeoe, aaaeue au, aieueoaaeee, naiaai
aeiaueaoanue. ss ?aiueoa a yoii niiiaaaeny, ii nae/an oaa?ai — au

auea?aaoa ”

Oaeei ia?acii, ca 18 eao, i?iaeeouo Iaaeiaui i?e niaaoneie
aeanoe, aai iieeoe/aneea acaeyaeu i?aoa?iaee aeoaieea eciaiaiey.
Iaaeiaa ia caioaaee, ia iiaeeoieee e ia iaiaioee, oioy aieueoaaeee
ai?ieenue ca iaai — aeieai, oa?iaeeai e ianoie/eai Iaeiaei oeo?ioiiua
niaeoeyoeee ia aai aea?aeaaiii iao?eioecia ia iiaee i?eaanoe e
aeaeaiiiio ?acoeueoaoo. Oieueei i?eaeeaeaiea iauaeoeaiie ?aaeueii

noe e aai ia/oai i ?iaeeia, n eioi?ie n/eoaaony aanue ie?, iicaieeei
aio aeaeaoue naay a?aaeaeaieiii Niaaoneiai Nithca ni anaie
auoaeathueie ionthaea iineaaenoaeyie a iuneyo e aeaeao. I?e yoii ii
nio?aiee ca niaie i?aai aiai?eoue i?aaeoaeuenoao i?aaaeo,
i?ioanoiaaoue i?ioea oiai, /oi n/eoae iai?aaeeueiui e a?aaeiui aeey
?inneeneiai ainoaea?noaa. Aeoiath, /oi ieeoi a NNN? ia nian io ?ai?annee
noieueei /aeiaae, neieueei Iaaeia.

Ia?aaeei Iaaeiaa iacuaaee aeenneaeaioii. Ii nouanoao oae iii e
auei. Ii /oi- oi a aeooa e niciaiee iaoaao iia i?eiaieoue e Eaaio
Iao?iae/o yoi neiai. Ii/aio? Ia iiao iiea iiiyoue i?e/eio Iiaeao auoue,
aeaei a oii, /oi o iiiaeo ecaanoiuo iia nia?aiaiiuo aeenneaeaioia
ia auei e iao ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?inneeneiai iao?eioecia, ninoaaeyaoaai
noa?aeaiue ee/iinoe Eaaia Iao?iae/a Iaaeiaa, eioi?iio “e aeui Ioa/anoaa”
aue “neaaeie e i?eyoai”.

A ii, aaeeeee a?aaeaeaiei ?innee, eiae ana iniiaaiey neacaoue n
aeinoieinoaii e ai?aeinoueth: “*oi ie aeaeath, iinoiyiii aeoiath, /oi
neoaeo yoei, neieueei iicaieytho iia iie neeu, i?aaeaea anaai iiaio
Ioa/anoao”

AIAIII-IAO?EIOE*ANEEE

NITHC

A iaoai o?aoueaai ouny/aeaoey ?inney ia?aaeeaaao, auoue iiaeao, iaeei
ec naiuo neiaeiuo ia?eiaeia naiaai ?acaeoey. Ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae
anaaaea enoi?e/anee neiaeai, iioiio /oi yoi iooue i?ia e ioeaie e ia
eaaeaeay ee/iinoue niiniaia auoue auoa iaeeiai e ia?eaioeeueiiai, ii
neoaeeoue aunoaio iacia/aieth /aeiaa/anoaa – i?ia?anno i?aaaeeaiio e
niciaoaeueiiio.

Eiiaaea ianoiyoaeuenoaa iiaaaeaeatho /aeiaaea, ii neea aeooa e
/aeiaa/aneiai aeinoieinoaa ee/iinoe ii?aaeaeyao niune aai
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe, aai cia/aiea eae ee/iinoe, e yoi iiiiaaao aio a
ai?ueaa ca ni?aaaaeeeainoue.

A iaoai ai?iaea, ia iie acaeyae, oiaea anoue ethaee, iaeaaeathuea
i?eioeeieaeueiie aeeciaiiie iiceoeeae, noieeinoueth naieo oaaaeaeaiee, a
a eiuo neo/ayo eiaeiiuneeai, /oi iicaieyao i?e/eneeoue eo e iuoeaieth
aeenneaeaioia.

A iaoai ai?iaea oaia?ue oaea eaaeaeue ciaao i aiaiii – iao?eioe/aneii
nithca “?oaaae”. Ia/aeueieeii ooaaa eioi?iai yaeyaony Oi?ueyeia
Aeaaeeie? Aeaaeeie?iae/. A i?ia?aiiiii cayaeaiee Ana?inneeneiai
iauanoaaiiiai aeaeaeaiey “Iaoa i?aai” aiai?eony: “Ia?aoiae ?inneeneiai
iauanoaa e aeaiie?aoee e ?uii/iui ?aoi?iai, naycaiiue n aiiethueie
ecaea?aeeaie e ioeaeaie iauaeoeaiiai e noauaeoeaiiai oa?aeoa?a, ?acei
oooaeoee i?aaiaoth caueoo eioa?ania a?aaeaeai, aucaae ac?uaiiianioth
aieio i?anooiiiai aani?aaeaea e ei??oioeee, e ioe?uoi iinoaaee ia
iiaanoeo aeiy no?aiu ?aaeueioth aiciiaeiinoue i?i?uaa e?eieiaeeoaoa ai
aeanoue”.

A yoeo oneiaeyo iniaaiii ino?i anoaao aii?in i iaiaoiaeeiinoe
i?eiyoey naiuo n?i/iuo ia? ii ea/anoaaiiiio iiauoaieth o?iaiy ai?ueau n
i?anooiiinoueth e ei??oioeeae e nicaeaieth nia?aiaiiie iaaeaaeiie
ainoaea?noaaiiie nenoaiu caueou ee/iuo e eiouanoaaiiuo i?aa eaaeaeiai
/eaia iauanoaa.

Noaey ii aeayoaeueiinoe iao?eioe/aneiai aeaeaeaiey “?oaaae”, oai
iauaaeeieeenue i/aiue yia?ae/iua ethaee, oeaeaono?aieaiiua e aeoaiei
iao?eioe/aneea, ca iea/aie o eioi?uo – iaeaaeay aiaiiay neoaeaa

E “?oaaae” a iaoai ai?iaea ioiioaiea iai?aeeia?iia. Iiiaea iaaeiytho
eo a ioe?uoii iaoeeiiaeecia. “Iu oioei aeeoue, a ia aiyoueny aeecie” –
aiai?yo /eaiu iao?eioe/aneiai nithca. Iiaeao auoue, o ieo auaatho
caaeoaeaeaiey, iioiio /oi iooue e enoeia anaaaea o?oaeai, ii iie iuneyo
naiaiaeii e oio “?aoeaen naiaiaeu”, i eioi?ii aiai?eo aeaaeaiee Iaaeia,
o ieo anoue, iiyoiio iie ia aacaeaenoaotho, iaaethaeay aanii?yaeee a
iauanoaa, a anaie neeaie ai?thony n ieie. Eiaiii yoeie /a?oaie a naiae
aeayoaeueiinoe i?eaeaeatho iaiy /eaiu “?oaaaea”. No?aoii aeaeaoue n oo?a
aaaathueo a iieneao “aeicu” iaeue/eoae e aeaa/iiie, caieaeaiiua eeoea
iaoa?ae, i?inyueo i iiiiue, e?aieeo caei?iauo ioae/ei, iuethueo n oo?a
aei aa/a?a “ai?ueeoth”, ?aayo n aeeieiiaie , eioi?ua ia iiaoo iaeoe
ii?iaeueii iiea/eaaaioth ?aaioo e ooiaeyo a “e?eieiae”. Aio /oi ieooo ia
yoii a naieo ni/eiaieyo i?neea

oeieueieee. Ieoao sseeiaoe Naoa, o/aueeny oeieu ?15: “Oaeay
i?aaiecaoeey, eae “?oaaae” ai?aony n ia?eioi?aiaoeaie, i?anooiieeaie,
caueuaao iieiaeia iieieaiea, iuoaynue iai?aaeoue eo ia iooue enoeiiue,
aeieacuaaao, /oi a aeecie anoue iiiai eioa?aniiai e i?ae?aniiai, /oi yoi
ana eo/oa, /ai ia/eiaoue aoaeoue naith aeeciue”. Eee /oi ieoao Ieiaiiaa
Ianoy: ” ss i/aiue iaeia?yth ?aaioo, eioi?ay auiieiyao i?aaiecaoeey
“?oaaae”. Ia?eiiaiey caoaaouaaao ana iiae?anoathuea iieieaiea. Anee au
iiaeii auei ca iaeei ?ac oie/oiaeeoue ana ia?eioeee, oi ia auei au
a?aaaaeae , ie oaeenoa… ia oieueei a no?aia, ii e ai anai ie?a. Ii
aaaeue anoue oaeea ethaee, eioi?ua ca yoo “aaaeinoue” iiaoo iieo/aoue
aieueoea aeaiueae. ss n/eoath, /oi oaeeo i?aaiecaoeey, eae “?oaaae”
aeieaeii auoue iiaieueoa, oiaaea aoaeao ana ii?iaeueii.”

Nithc “?oaaae” iiiiaaao naiueyi iiaeaoeo a *a/ia ?aayo, i?iaiaeeo
aieueooth aioeia?eioe/aneoth e aioeaeeiaieueioth i?iiaaaiaeo, aiaeaeaao
a nii?o iiae?inoeia.

Iia oi/aony iiciaeiieoue Aan n iaeiei ec /eaiia Nithca – n
Aeaaeeie?ii Oi?ueyeiaui.

?iaeeeny Aeaaeeie? 24 oaa?aey 1970 aiaea. O/eeny a oeiea ? 56,
ieii/ea 9 eeannia, iinooiee a o/eeeua ? 1 Aeaaeeie? ethaee o/eoueny e
iniaaiii oaeaeaeny nii?oii. Oa?aeoa?iie /a?oie ii aai neiaai auei
no?aieaiea e ni?aaaaeeeainoe, /oanoai i?aaaeu – enoeia anaaaea aieiiaaea
Aeaaeeie?a. E aio a?iey. Neoaeee a Aoaaienoaia, iinea a?iee caeii/ee
Oieueyoeineee oaoieeoi. Nae/an Aeaaeeie? Aeaaeeie?iae/ aee?aeoi? EAeOe
“Iieiaeaaeiue”, aeaiao, eiaao aei/ue.

Eee aio Aiae?ae *oaa?ia — yia?ae/iue, aieaaie /aeiaae. ?iaeeeny
a1972 aiaea. ?aaioae ?oeiaiaeeoaeai oecainieoaiey. Caoai a?iey, iiiae a
*a/ith. Caieiaeny aecianii, ii ooae ioooaea. A yiaa?a 2000 aiaea aiiaue
aiaaae a *a/ia. Iiiai ia?aieoee a noaeueaa Aiae?ay. Ii eiiiie?oao oi,
/oi, ii ie niio?y ie ia /oi oiaao ionoaeaaoue naie i?eioeeiu.
I?ioeai?a/eainoue oa?aeoa?a ia iaoaao eiaoue aeaaiia — aeoaieoth
ethaiaue e ?iaeeia.

A noaouea aacaou “Eiiniiieueneay i?aaaea” “Iieiaeua aaoa?aiu
/a/aineie aieiu iaaiaeyo a I?nea “?onneee ii?yaeie”, aiai?eony: “?oaaae”
iiaeiyeny a?iieie e iieaciie aeey iauanoaa eiiiaiee ii ai?ueaa n
ia?eioeeaie. Aaaeue iinea ?aniaaea NNN? I?ne i?aa?aoeeny a cieioua
ai?ioa aeey ia?eiaa?iiia. Aa?iei ia?ai?aaeytho ec Iaee-

noaia e Aoaaienoaia /a?ac Oaaeaeeeenoai e Eacaonoai a Iineao. Io I?nea
aei a?aieoeu n Eacaonoaiii ia aieaa 20 ei. E?oaii noaiue e EAIACo ia/aai
ia noieo iauaoaoue oaiiaeaiiua iinou. Aa?iei aacoo a iaoeao n eoeii e
/aniieii – oae eaa/a ioaeoue itho o oaiiaeaiiuo niaae. *anoue
ia?aaiceiiai iaecaaaeii iiiaaeaao a I?ne. Anee aua aeaa aiaea iacaae
caeanue eo?eee aiaoo e eieiee ?anoai? iiey, oi nae/an a n/eoaiiua
ianyoeu I?ne iiaenae ia aa?iei. Oeaeeioaiiaua iaeaoeee, ia?aaycaiiua
ieoeie, iiaeii eoieoue aeaaea o

oi?aiaee naia/eaie ia ?uiea. Anee a Iineaa iaeei a?aii aa?ieia noieo
ieiei 100 aeieea?ia, oi caeanue o?aiceoiue “aa?u/” iiaeii acyoue ii 200
?oaeae ca a?aii.”

A I?nea iiiai eeoe eaaeacneie iaoeeiiaeueiinoe. Aeey /aai iie e iai
i?eacaeatho? Anee iie i?eaoaee ?aaioaoue o noaiea, ca?aaaouaaoue
aeaiueae /anoiui iooai, oi “?oaaaeiaoeu” ie/aai ia eiatho i?ioea.
Ia/aeueiee ooaaa A. A. Oi?ueyeia aiai?eo: “Naaiaeiy, /oiau auoue ?onneei
aieiii, iaiaoiaeeii niiaa noaoue aieiii ?onneiai aeooa, caueoieeii
?onneie iaoeee. Aic?iaeaeaiea iaoaai ia?iaea caaeneo eeoue io
oie/oiaeaiey nenoaiu, eioi?ay iae?aaeuaaao caei?iaua neeu iaoeee. Iu
iaoeeieenou iioiio, /oi iu aeaeei a iaoeee aaeeinoaaiioth aiciiaeiinoue
caueou iiaeaea?aeee anaai iaoaai nouanoaiaaiey. Oio eoi iiieiaao yoe
neiaa eae aeaei – oio /anoue iaoeee”.

Aoaeouaa ii aeaeeo a iauaaeeiaiee anao a?aoneeo ia?iaeia, ia oieueei
neaayi, ii e oaoa?, aaoee?, oaaeaeeeia, ee?aecia e o. ae. I?aaiecaoeey
“?oaaae” ninoieo ec ianeieueeeo aic?anoiuo a?oii: yoi iieiaeaaeue a
aic?anoa io 16 aei 20 eao, yoi ethaee n?aaeiaai iieieaiey /40-45 eao/,
ii iniiaiie einoye ninoaaeytho ia?ie 20-25 eao.

Iao?eioe/aneee Nithc iauaaeeiee yoeo ethaeae, eo eioa?anu,
no?aieaiey; i?eaeae e ae?oaeo, o eioi?uo anoue “?aoeaen naiaiaeu”,
eiaeiiuneea, oaa?aeinoue a i?eioeeiao e aeoaieee iao?eioeci, ia?iiiay
ethaiaue e ?iaeeia, naiaio ai?iaeo.

Ooaa nithca ninoieo ec 20 /aeiaae. Inoaeueiua /eaiu ?aaioatho a
ioaeaeao, eioi?uo aieaa 20 ii 7 /aeiaae a eaaeaeii. Caaeoiuaaeny ii
nia/aea eae aiaiii – iao?eioe/aneee nithc, iniiaiay oeaeue eioi?iai –
iiaeaioiaea ia?iae e neoaeaa a a?iee. Iieiaeaaeue iioyioeanue a
i?aaiecaoeeth, iaeei ec aeaaiuo i?eioeeiia eioi?ie: “ia?eioeeai,
aeeiaieth, aaiaeeoecio ?aoeoaeueiia iao!”. Iinoaiaiii, aeaaiaea?y
oneeaiiui aeaenoaeyi A. A. Oi?ueyeiaa, AIN “?oaaae” auaeaeeee iiiauaiea
aeey ano?a/, ianoa aeey caiyoee. I?aaiecaoeey i?iaeieaeaao ?anoe. Aio
oiaaea e i?eoei iiieiaiea, /oi caiyoea aiaiiui aeaeii yoi iaei. Yoei
i?iaeaio ia ?aoeoue, e Nithc “?oaaae” ia/ae caieiaoueny aeoeaiie
iieeoe/aneie aeeciueth ai?iaea. Eiaaea aai ni?ineee, eae au ii
ioa?aeoa?eciaae iniiaioth oeaeue “?oaaaea” ii ioaaoee: “A aeaoo neiaao

yoiai ia neaaeaoue , oae eae ?inney a iniiaiii ?onneay no?aia, oi ii
iiiyoeyi niciaiey, a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue ca oi, /oi aeaoyi iaoei
aeinoaaaeinue au oi?ioaa aoaeouaa aac aiei, aac ia?eioeeia, aac
aeeiaiey e aaiaeeoecia”.

A ?innee ?acai?a/eaaaony aeaeaeaiea ii ai?ueaa n ia?eioeeaie,
i?eieiathuaa naiua ?aciua oi?iu. Yoio “?onneee aoio” ioaaoee
Naa?aeeianeoth iaeanoue, Oaoa?eth, e Iiaieaeuea. E a eaaeaeii ?aaeiia
naie iaoiaeu. Aea, ieeeoeey ai?aony, ii yoiai ia naaiaeiy iaei.
Iauanoaaiiinoue, aei neo ii? ae?aiaaoay e auaeeaeathuay, neiaii
niioaaoeeanue: aei eaeeo ii? iu aoaeai oi?iieoue thiia iieieaiea,
neieueei aua oa?iaoue, iaaethaeay, eae iieiaeua, naa ia

“eaeo”, noaiiayony ecaiyie, ai?aie, nia?oieeaie?

Iiiiaio, a yoii ieaia “?oaaae” iaaei iiaeaea?aeaoue. E iu –
iieiaeia iieieaiea aeieaeiu noaoue eo iiiiuieeaie e a yoii, aianoa n
iauanoaaiiinoueth naeaeaoue ana, /oiau caueoeoue ?iaeiie ai?iae io
ia?eioe/aneie ca?acu, a “?oaaae” – yoi caeaiue ?inoie iaaeaaeaeu iaoaai
iauanoaa

Oi?ueyeia Aeaaeeie? Aeaaeeie?iae/

?iaeeeny 24 oaa?aey 1970 aiaea. O/eeny a oeiea ?56, ieii/ea

9 eeannia, iinooiee a ?1 o/eeeua, iinea o/eeeua iiiae a

a?ieth. Iinea a?iee caeii/ee Oaeueyoeineee oaoieeoi, nae/an

o/eony a ainoaea?noaaiiii einoeoooa oi?aaeaiey. Aeaaeeie?

Aeaaee?iae/ – aee?aeoi? EAeOe “Iieiaeaaeiue”. AEaiao eiaao
aei/ue

A. aeaeaa?a 2000 aiaea aaeeioe?iaaeny a i.?u a I?nea, ii
iioii

ioaeae naie aieina TH?eth Aeaenaiae?iae/o *a?iioniao.

Eioa?aueth n /eaiii iao?eioe/aneiai nithca “?OAAAE” a. I?nea
Oi?ueyeiaui Aeaaeeie?ii Aeaaeeie?iae/ai

– Ia?aua /eaiu IN “?oaaae” (Oaieeey, eiy, e?aoeay aeia?aoey a ia?aue
aiae i?aaiecaoeee.

– Eieoeeaoi?aie aeaeaeaiey aue Eo?i/eei Aeaenaiae? 1976 aiaea ?iaeaeaiey
e *oaa?ia Aiae?ae 1972 aiaea ?iaeaeaiey. Aeaenaiae? e Aiae?ae ?iaeeeenue
a I?nea. Iaa i?ioee aieio a *a/ia e iaa?aaeaeaiu i?aeaiaie ioaeanoaa.

– Eoi ec ai?iaeneie aaeieieno?aoeee iiaeaea?aeeaae yoi aeaeaeaiea? Eoi
aue eeaea? aeaeaeaiey aai aeia?aoey.

– Ec ai?iaeneie aaeieieno?aoeee ieeoi ia iiaeaea?aeae aeaeaeaiea. Eeaea?
aeaeaeaiey aue Aiae?ae *oaa?ia. ?iaeeeny e i?iaeeaaao a I?nea. Aiae?ae 2
?aca aiaaae a *a/ia a 1996 aiaeo e a yiaa?a 2000 aiaea.

– Eae neeaaeuaathony acaeiiioiioaiey n ae?oaeie iieiaeaaeiuie
i?aaiecaoeeyie?

– Ii?iaeueiia ?aai/aa acaeiiioiioaiea.

– Neieueei /aeiaae ian/eouaaao i?aaiecaoeey a ianoiyuaa a?aiy?

– Ieiei 70 /aeiaae.

– Neieueei /aeiaae iaa?aaeaeaiu ?acee/iuie ciaeaie ioee/ey?

– Oi/iia /enei ia ciath, ii iiiaea iaa?aaeaeaiu ?acee/iuie ciaeaie
ioee/ey.

– Iiae eaeei aeaaecii ?acaeaaaony aeaeaeaiea?

– Ia ionooiaoue e ia naeaaaoueny

– E?aoeay enoi?ey aeaeaeaiey (oniaoe, iaoaea/e, o?oaeiinoe, ia/ou,
ieaiu, eae nicaeaaaeny ooaa e aaea iaoiaeeoueny)

– Iiaeaea?aeeaaoue anao eoi i?eoae n *a/ie, iiaeaea?aeaoue ?iaeeoaeae e
?iaenoaaiieeia iiaeaoeo. Caeanue nia?aeenue ethaee, eioi?ua aieatho ca
yoi. Ooaa iaoiaeeony a EAeOe “Iieiaeaaeiue”

C a e e th / a i e a.

Eco/ea yoio enoi?eei – e?aaaaae/aneee iaoa?eae, iia iiiaia noaei
iiiyoii a nioeeaeueiie ianoaiiaea iaoaai iauanoaa. ss ai?aeonue, /oi
a iiae no?aia auee e anoue ethaee, eioi?ua “naith aeeciue”

ecia?ytho /anaie “enoi?ee” o. a. oiaee e oiatho i?eaioe?iaaoueny a
iieeoe/aneie ianoaiiaea, i?iyaeyy ianoiyuee iao?eioeci e naiae ?iaeeia,
?iaeiiio e?ath; a oiaea a?aiy ia eciaiyy naiei i?eioeeiai.

Aeia?aoee, ie?iaicc?aiea oao, i eii y aaaeo iiaanoaiaaiea,
aeinoieiu aunieiai caaiey, iao?eioa naiae ?iaeeiu.

E aeey iieo iaeiieeannieeia iiiyoii: ethaiaue e Ioa/anoao,
aa?iinoue, aeiea — yoi ia i?inoi aaiaeueiua neiaa. Yoi aunieia iiiyoea
naiiai aaaeiiai e ioaaonoaaiiiai, /oi anoue a aeecie.

Iu ana ethaei niio?aoue ia iaai, a iii nouanoaoao ieeeeiiu eao, ii
ana iu eniuouaaai i?ae?aniua aicauoaiiua /oanoaa, eiaaea neaaeei ca
ea?ie iaeaea, eiaaea aeaeei /oaei ?annaaoa, caeaoa eee ethaoainy /enoie
aeoaeiie neiaau. Iu ?aaeoainy, /oi anoue yoi i?ae?aniia a aeecie, e iu
aeieaeiu aeeoue ?aaee yoiai. Oae e /oanoai ethaae e ?iaeeia, naiaiaea
nianoaaiiiai iuoeaiey, eioi?oth ia neiauaatho ieiau o?oninoe,
ia?eaioeeueiinoe, ana oaiaeie/anoaa e ae?oaie ?acee/iie iioeinoe. Iu
ethaei ?iaeeio, naith ?inneth, ethaei, eae iaoue, eae yoi aunieia iaai,
eae aicaeoo. E y oaa?ai, /oi yoi ieeiaaea ia noaiao aaiaeueiui, eae ia
noaiao aeey iaiy aiiaeueiui iie nianoaaiiue, aeeciaiiue iooue, eae ia
auaaao aaiaeueiui yoi aunieia /enoia iaai iaae iiei ?iaeiui e?aai

Nienie eniieuecoaiie eeoa?aoo?u

1. Yioeeeeiiaaeey ii enoi?ee.

2. Nai?iee aeieoiaioia i noaea iaae aeenneaeaioaie

3. Iaaeia E. I. Iieiia nia?aiea ni/eiaiee. I.; E., 1951 O I n 19

4. Iaaeiaa N. A. Ec ainiiieiaiee

5. Eaieineee nai?iee I., 1942 O. XXXIV N 326

6. Aii/- A?oaae/ A. Ae. ia ioiioaiea A. E. Eaieia e aeayoaeyi iaoee e
eneonoaa

7. *a?iiaua caienee E. I. Iaaeiaa ai a?aiy aai aieacie.

8. Nai?iee noeoia I. Iaiaeaeueooaia

9. Nai?iee noeoia I. Oeaaoaaaie

10. Nai?iee noeoia A. Aoiaoiaie

11. Nai?iee noeoia TH. Aaeaineiai

12. Eieaa “Aeenneaeaiou”

13. NIO A?AI.O.259. Ii.1a.Aae.o?.30.e.1-2 ia.

14.Ienueii Iaaeiaa i ?aaiethoeee

15. I?aaee E. A. Ainiiieiaiey I.;

16. O?e ienueia I. E. Aooa?eia e E. I. Iaaeiao

17. NIO A?AI O,.256 Ii. 1a. Aae. 14.E.1

18. NIO A?AI O,.265 Ii. 1a. Aae. 15.E.1

13.INTERNET

http://www.vivoco.nns.ru/VV/PAPERS/BIO/PAV_PART.HTM

14. Aacaoa “I?neay o?iieea”

15. Aacaoa “Eiiniiieueneay I?aaaea”

16. Aacaoa NEW Aaaeiiinoe”

PAGE

PAGE 72

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