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ПУП в рамках закона и морали. Программа самой благозвучной партии России – партии умеренного прогресса

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I O I

A ? A I E A O C A E I I A

E I I ? A E E

I ? i a ? a i i a

naiie aeaaicao/iie ia?oee ?innee –

Ia?oee Oia?aiiiai I?ia?anna

IOI a ?aieao ii?aee e caeiia.

I?ia?aiia naiie aeaaicao/iie ia?oee ?innee –

Ia?oee oia?aiiiai i?ia?anna.

?aaioo eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe, ineoieiaa, ?oeiaiaeeoaey
Annioeeaoeee aeaeiaie eioaeeeaaioeee a. Eaaiiaa, eiinoeueoaioa
Oaaea?aoeee i?ionithcia e Caeiiiaeaoaeueiiai Nia?aiey Eaaiianeie iaeanoe
Oaeeiieyna A.A, i?aaeeaaaaioth aieiaieth /eoaoaeae, o?oaeii ioianoe e
ii?aaeaeaiiiio aeai?o. A iae iiaeii iaeoe naienoaa ioaeeoeenoeee,
oaeueaoiia, «aaeee», nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie ooiiee,
ineoieiai-yoe/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey e aeaaea ienoeoeeaoeee. Iaeiaei,
iiaeiaiue i?e/oaeeeaue «eieoaeeue» ineoieiae/aneie oai?ee, aeeoaeneie
e?iiee e naiie?iiee iiaeao noaoue niaa?oaiii iiaui eino?oiaioii
eioaeeaeooaeueiiai aiaeeca, aeathuei aiciiaeiinoue iaeieaoue iiiaea
eacaaoeany aua a/a?a iai?enooiiuie, aeiaiaou “nioeeaeueiie aa?u”,
oaa?aeuie ianniaiai niciaiey. I?eia?ii oiio – eiaeiia oaaaeaeaiea, /oi
eaieoaeeci e nioeeaeeci yaeythony eeoue acaeiii io?eoeathueie ae?oa
ae?oaa nenoaiaie; ii i?e yoii oioneaaony ec aeaeo aiieia ?aaeueiay
aeueoa?iaoeaa: aiciiaeiinoue aeeaeaeoe/aneiai aaeeinoaa, neioaca eo/oeo
noi?ii aeaoo iniiaiuo nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo oi?iaoeee XX aaea.

“I?ia?aiia naiie aeaaicao/iie ia?oee ?innee – ia?oee oia?aiiiai
i?ia?anna” iiaeao caeioa?aniaaoue oao, eoi ioaa?aaao oi?iuaiiua ioaaou
ia neiaeiua aii?inu. Iia iiiiaaao i?aiaeieaoue eaiinoue e
eioaioeeueiinoue iauaeaiiiai iuoeaiey – oae iacuaaaiiai “cae?aaiai
niunea”, ai iiiaii aeinoe/ue naiinoiyoaeueiinoe ioeaiie naiuo neiaeiuo
iauanoaaiiuo ioiioaiee, iiiyoue /oi aa?aioaie ee/iiai e iauanoaaiiiai
aeaaiiieo/ey iiaeao auoue oieueei eaaeaeue ec ian, ie Aia, ie Oea?ue, e
ie Aa?ie – oieueei iu naie!

I?eoea ii?a iiaeoiaoue, ia eaeeo i?eioeeiao no?ieoue iauanoai XXI aaea,
/oi acyoue a ea/anoaa iai?aoiaeyueo oeaiiinoae, a /oi ec aeiai e
i?eioeeiia XX noieaoey i?eciaoue iaaaooaaoeie, i?inoi onoa?aaoeie e
ieca?iuie i?eau/eaie, iaoathueie iieiie ?aaeecaoeee aic?inoae neeu aeooa
*aeiaaea.

N I Ae A ? AE A I E A

I ? A Ae U N O I ? E ss

I. AIAEEC NEOOAOeEE

Ia ia?aeiia ouny/aeaoee

Aeiaiaoeci oia?. Aea cae?aanoaoao c?aeue nioeeaeeci!

Nianoaaiiinoue, oi?aaeaiea, ioaaonoaaiiinoue, eioi?iaoeey

Eae aicieeatho ioeaee e eeethcee ianniaiai niciaiey

Ineoieiaey – iniiaa nioeeaeueiie e yeiiiie/aneie iaoee OOI aaea

*anoiua ?aoi?iu auee aiciiaeiu e inoathony aiciiaeiuie

Aunieay e ?aaeueiay oeaeue – aeaeaaoaeue nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai
i?ia?anna

Eiiaa?aaioeey – aeueoa?iaoeaa acaeiiiio oie/oiaeaieth

II. I N I I A I U A C A Ae A * E ?INNEENEIAI IAUANOAA A
YEIIIIE*ANEIE, NIOeEAEUeIIE E IIEEOE*ANEIE NOA?AO

Aeeaeaeoeea nioeeaeueiie aeecie. Eiieo?aioiue nioeeaeeci

?acaeoea ooieoeee oi?aaeaiey. Oaoiieiae/aneia, yeiiiie/aneia,
aaeieieno?aoeaiia, yeieiae/aneia e nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneia oi?aaeaiea

Iiaua eaeae aeieaeiu i?eeoe ia niaio aaooei aeiaiai

Eaeay nenoaiiie ei?ii?aoeaiie nianoaaiiinoe

Eaeay ia?aie/aiiiai a?aiaiai nioeeaeueiiai e i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai
eiio?aeoa iaaeaeo eieeaeoeaii e eeaea?ii

Eaeay nioeeaeueiuo aeaiaa

Eaeay aeaiie?aoecaoeee yeiiiie/aneie aeecie iauanoaa

Eaeay “Ia?iaeiuo i?aaei?eyoee”

Eaeay naiioi?aaeythueony nenoai

Eaeay ii?aeueii-i?aaiaiai iauanoaa

Eaeay iioeioia

Ieeoi ia aeano iai ecaaaeaiuey … Io ioaaonoaaiiinoe aeaiie?aoe/aneeo
aiaeaeae – e aeaiie?aoee ioaaonoaaiiuo a?aaeaeai

I I N E A N E I A E A

I ? A Ae U N O I ? E ss

I?aaeaea anaai, iicaieueoa Aai cayaeoue, oaaaeaaiua nia?aaeaeaia, /oi
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneee i?ia?ann a ?innee aac i?aaiecaoeee ni noieue
aeaaicao/iui iacaaieai – ?aoeoaeueii iaaiciiaeai! Ii i?aaeaea
iaiaoiaeeii neacaoue oioy au aeaa neiaa ia enoi?ee aicieeiiaaiey nithca,
i?ecaaiiiai nianoe e ?inneth, e i?ia?anneaiia /aeiaa/anoai.

Ia?oeth oia?aiiiai i?ia?anna i?eaeoiae ss?ineaa Aaoae. Oio naiue
aanaeue /aoneee ienaoaeue, eioi?ue iiaea?ee ie?o aaieaeueiiai eaeeioa,
oiaaoaai neacaoue i?aaaeo eiio oaiaeii, ia iiaeaa?aay i?e yoii naith
aeeciue e naia aeinoieinoai ieeaeie na?ueaciie iianiinoe, – a?aaiai
Eicaoa Oaaeea.

Aeaaiue eicoia neaaiie ia?oee oia?aiiiai i?ia?anna cao/eo oae:
“O?aaoeoa iiaea/e ai?/eoeu e nineneai!” Ni?aaaaeeeainoue o?aaoao
iaiiiieoue iaiinayuaiiui, /oi yoa ia?oey ieeiaaea e ie a iaeiie no?aia
ia auea i?aayuae. Aieaa oiai, iia ieeiaaea e ieaaea ia auea
ca?aaeno?e?iaaia. Ii aeaei aa aeeaao! Aaaeue niune i?ia?aiiiiai eicoiaa
ia?oee aeooaeai e naaiaeiy: ia o?aaoeoa anaai n?aco… Neeoeii auno?ue
?ino – yoi ?ino iiooieae; neeoeii auno?ia ?anoe?aiea – yoi ac?ua. E oi,
e ae?oaia – ?ac?ooaiea, a ia niceaeaiea.

Iiiyoii, /oi ne?iiiue /aeiaae niaeaneony ia ninenee e aac ai?/eoeu. A
aio ioe?uoi e ai?y/i oaaaeathuee naay noauaeo ia aoaeao /oanoaiaaoue
ianoiyuaai oaeiaieuenoaey, anee e naiiio aunieiea/anoaaiiiio iyniiio
aethaeo aio ia iiaeaaeoo i?ei?aa. Oieaeaiiue e iaacaeieaiiue a?aaeaeaiei
iiaeao auoue oaa?ai oieueei a iaeiii: nioeeaeueiay ni?aaaaeeeainoue aeey
iaai ia i?aaeoniio?aia, a ai?ueei aio aoaeao e aac ai?/eoeu…

Iauanoai, aaea ?yaeiaie a?aaeaeaiei noaaeo iieeoeeai caaea/o iai?aiaiii
aeiaeoueny, /oiau e oi?ioei nineneai anaaaea e anthaeo iiaeaaaee
oi?iooth ai?/eoeo, – oaea aeeaao a oneiaeyo yeiiiie/aneiai i?ioeaaoaiey
e aeaiie?aoee (iiiai ee naaiaeiy iaeaeaony ainoaea?noa, aaea iao ae?oaeo
i?iaeai?). N/anoeea/ee, aeeaouee a noieue niaa?oaiiii ainoaea?noaa e
?aoathuee noieue no?aiiua aeey ian i?iaeaiu, niiniaai iiiaeo aiciooeoue
naiae i?eaa?aaeeeainoueth, iioiio eae eiaao aea?cinoue iaaeoiuaaoue
ia?niaeoeao niaa?oainoaiaaiey iauanoaaiiiai ono?ienoaa, naaiaeiy iai
iaaeinooiiiai e a neaaeeii nia… Ia iaeei aiae ian i?eo/atho aeeoue ii
i?eioeeio “Oaaae, /oi aeatho!”

Iiiaiaaeiaie iiuo aeecie ethaeae a niiauanoaao, eiaioaiuo
ainoaea?noaii, oaaaeeoaeueii iieacae, /oi aeaaiiieo/iiio /aeiaaeo e
iauanoao, /oiau ia caaieoue, ia inoaiiaeoueny, a iaaeaaiiieo/iui – /oiau
ia ono?ieoue a?aoioaeenoaaiioth ai?ueao a oeaeyo noeioee?iaaiey ao?iiai
nioeeaeueiiai i?ia?anna, – eo/oa anaai aeaenoaiaaoue ii i?eioeeio
Eicueiu I?ooeiaa: “Iiniaoae iaaeeaiii!”

Oiio, eoi caoaaaao aieueoia iiaia aeaei, ioae?ua ethaee niaaootho
i?aaeaea anaai aeaenoaiaaoue iaaeoiaiii, n o/aoii o?oaeiiai iiuoa
i?aaeoanoaothueo iieieaiee /aeiaa/anoaa, aac noaou, ii ia oyiooue oai ia
iaiaa “eioa ca oaino”… Eiaiii a yoii i?e/eia oiai, /oi iaiau/iay
ia?oey ?aooao eiaiii ca oia?aiiue i?ia?ann. A ii/aio a ?aieao ia oieueei
caeiia, ii e ii?aee? Aea iioiio, /oi ieoo iaieaeao eaeie oaiaeii caeii.
A iniaaiiinoe anee iaeiao i?iaeaaeiiai aaeaieaoa, ciaoiea th?eaee/aneeo
i?aiyonoaee – caeiiia. A ethaii caeiia, a ethaii eiaeaena, naiaea
caeiiia anaaaea nouanoaoao iiiaeanoai aeu? – i?ioeai?a/ee caeiiia
iaaeaeo niaie, ianiioaaonoaea eo Eiinoeoooeee, aiciiaeiinoue ?acee/iiai
oieeiaaiey ioaeaeueiuo iano a caeiiiaeaoaeueiuo aeoao,
iai?aaeoniio?aiiinoue iaeacaiee ca niiniau a?aaaaea nia?aaeaeai,
naaaeai?eaeoiaiiua i?ieaeioaie. Ii aeaaiay neaainoue nenoaiu caueou i?aa
a?aaeaeai eneeth/eoaeueii n iiceoeee I?aaa ninoieo a i?eioeeieaeueiie
ianiiniaiinoe eaeie-eeai ec nouanoaothueo th?eaee/aneeo ia?ie, ii?i,
caeiiia ioaaoeoue e ecia?eoue aaneiia/iia ?aciiia?acea yaeaiee
i?e/oaeeeai oaeouae, aa/ii iaiythuaeny aeecie. Anaaaea iaeaeaony niinia
iaiaia iaiueoeinoaii aieueoeinoaa, iaeacaiea ca eioi?ue iiea aua ia
i?aaeoniio?aii a aeaenoaothueo caeiiao. Ia?aciaaiiiio iaiaiueeo n
aiaaoie oaioaceae ianeiaeii iaieoe caeii. Ii anee iaiaiueea aoaeoo
noaeeoue ia oieueei noaeuee, n iiceoeee oi?iaeueiiai I?aaa, ii aua e
ethaee, ii caeiiai Ii?aee, oi caoaaaoue ieooianoai oa?yao niune – naaa
aei?iaea.

No?iaee e?eoee, eeoa?aoo?iue e?ioiai? ai?aaa caaeaoue aii?in: a eaeia,
nianoaaiii, ioiioaiea e iaoae aceaoneie neaieaiie ?innee eiatho
aa?iiaeoeu – Aaoae e Oaaee? Ioaao iao?oaeii iaeoe a ?onneie eeoa?aoo?iie
eeanneea e oieueeei?a. *ai ooaea aeenoaoaeueiiai Oaaeea ?onneee
Eaai-aeo?ae eee Aaeaea, niiniaiua iaeo?a/eoue ia oieueei /eiooo,
nieaeaoiia, nayoioo, ii e naiiai /a?oa? Io, a Iooeei /ai ooaea Aaoaea? E
ia neaayia ee – ana ia?a/eneaiiua aaoi?u e aa?ie?..

Ethaie iai?aaeacyoue iieeoee, ethaie a?aaeaeaiei, neeiiiue e
aieueiiaeoinoao, aac anyeeo aeiiieieoaeueiuo ?acuyniaiee oaea
aeiaaaeaeny, /oi “IOI a ?aieao caeiia e ii?aee” – ia?oey oeaio?enoneay.
Aaea aea aua iiaeao iaoiaeeoueny oaeay /anoue (ionoue e iauanoaaiiiai)
oaea? I?aaaea, a ?innee, no?aia eieeaeoeaenoia e eaeaaeenoia, ana
iaiiiai naeaeiooi aeaai e aaa?o, iiyoiio ia?oey, /anoii aiai?y, iaiiiai
eaaioeaio?enonei-eaeaaeenoe/aneay… Io oae, eaeay anoue. Ia
iaannoaeueoa, ainiiaea-oiaa?eue! A oaia?ue – e aeaeo!

I. AIAEEC NEOOAOeEE

Ia ia?aeiia ouny/aeaoee

Ia/aei XX noieaoey iciaiaiiaaeinue aaaeiaeoei niauoeai ie?iaiai
ianooaaa – nicaeaieai a ?innee ia?aiai a enoi?ee ainoaea?noaa, a iniiao
eaeaieiae/aneie nenoaiu eioi?iai aue iieiaeai i?eioeei nioeeaeueiie
ni?aaaaeeeainoe. Aei yoiai iiiaioa ana ainoaea?noaa a ethaie /anoe
caiiiai oa?a i?aaenoaaeyee niaie yenieoaoaoi?neea iauanoaa, aaea
i?iecaiaenoaaiiay, yeiiiie/aneay e nioeeaeueiay aeayoaeueiinoue
iniiauaaeenue ia aeiiouaiee e aeaaea ocaeiiaiiinoe yenieoaoaoeee
/aeiaaea /aeiaaeii.

Enoi?ey eaeae nioeeaeueiie Ni?aaaaeeeainoe ian/eouaaao ieiei aeaoo
ouny/ eao. Ni?aaaaeeeainoue eae aunoay oeaiiinoue, eae aaaeiaeoay ia?a
ioeaiee ?acoeueoaoia aeeciaiiiai iooe /aeiaaea – auea caoeene?iaaia ai
anao ie?iauo ?aeeaeyo, a oii /enea a o?enoeaineii o/aiee, noaaoai
iniiaie anao aieaa iicaeieo ii?aeueii-yoe/aneeo e nioeeaeueiuo o/aiee a
?aieao aa?iiaeneie oeeaeeecaoeee.

Anee ia ca?a iiaie y?u aeaaeaea nioeeaeueiie ni?aaaaeeeainoe, i?enouay
/aeiaa/aneiio aeooo, iiaea auoue ?aaeeciaaia oieueei a ienoe/aneeo
iaaeaaeaeao ia iinia?oiia aiciaa?aaeaeaiea /aeiaaea, aeaai?iaeii
i?ioaaeoaai aei eiioea naie iooue, noieei ia?aianoaai oyaiou caiiie
aeecie, a oii /enea iaoa?eaeueiua eeoaiey, nioeeaeueioth
iani?aaaaeeeainoue, aaciaaeaaeiinoue eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie ai?ueau ni
anaeaineei ceii, aeooiaiia iaeeii/anoai, – oi iiaay y?a nioeeaeueiie
aeecie, ia/aei eioi?ie auei iieiaeaii a 1917 aiaeo, iicaieeea ieeeeiiai
ethaeae ?ann/eouaaoue ia ?aaeecaoeeth ia/ou i nioeeaeueiie
ni?aaaaeeeainoe ia a caa?iaiie aeecie, nouanoaiaaiea eioi?ie ana
aieueoaio /eneo ethaeae eaaeaony i?iaeaiaoe/iui, a a aeecie ?aaeueiie,
eioi?ay anaaaea inoaiaony neiaeiie, oioy, ianiiiaiii, iiaeao auoue ia
iaiaa i?ae?aniie, /ai aa/iay aeeciue, iaauaiiay i?aaaaeieeai a ?aeneeo
eouao.

Oniaoe nioeeaeenoe/aneie ?innee, ae?oaeo nioeeaeenoe/aneeo no?ai a
?aoaiee iiiaeo i?iaeai nia?aiaiiiai /aeiaa/anoaa iauaecaanoiu, ii noieue
aea iauaecaanoai oaeo iaaa?iyoii auno?iai ?aniaaea ie?iaie
nioeeaeenoe/aneie nenoaiu, eacaaoaeny aieueoeinoao aa a?aaia aaniethoii
iacuaeaiie. Oaa?aeuiy iaea aac eaeiai-eeai aiaoiaai aiaiiiai eee
ae?oaiai ioe?uoiai neeiaiai aeaaeaiey. Yoio oaeo naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i
oii, /oi e eiioeo noieaoey iiaay i?ia?anneaiay nioeeaeueiay nenoaia
iaeiieea oaeie a?oc aioo?aiieo neaainoae e i?ioeai?a/ee, /oi iioa?yea ia
oieueei niiniaiinoue e ?acaeoeth ia i?aaeieo i?eioeeiao i?aaiecaoeee, ii
e niiniaiinoue e naiinio?aiaieth. Noi?iiieeai i?oiaeienaeueiiai, oae
iacuaaaiiai noaeeineiai, aa?eaioa ?aaeecaoeee nioeeaeenoe/aneie eaeae
aaniieacii iuoaoueny nienuaaoue ana i?ienoaaeoaa ia i?ienee aiaoieo nee;
yoi icia/aei au eeoue iiiuoeo naiiooaoaiey e naiiiaiaia…

Aeoiathuei ethaeyi oi?ioi iiiyoii, /oi nioeeaeeci ia ?aaai ia oieueei
noaeeineiio ia?eiaeo a aeecie ?innee e ae?oaeo no?ai nioeeaaa?y, ii e,
anoanoaaiiui ia?acii, ia ?aaai oai?aoe/aneei acaeyaeai ie iaeiiai ec
eeanneeia nioeeaeecia, eaeie au e?oiiie ee/iinoueth yoio /aeiaae ie
yaeyeny. Nioeeaeeci anoue aiieiuaiea eaeae Ni?aaaaeeeainoe a
nioeeaeueiie i?aeoeea, a aai oai?aoeee – eeoue ethaee, eioi?ua n
aieueoae eee iaiueoae aeoaeiie iienuaatho ioaeaeueiua noi?iiu oaoiieiaee
nicaeaiey eaeaaeueiiai, a neaaeiaaoaeueii, – iaaeinoeaeeiiai a iieiie
i?aeoe/aneie ?aaeecaoeee, iauanoaa. Eae ecaanoii, nooue aeecie /aeiaaea
e iauanoaa ninoieo ia a iiiuoea aeinoe/ue eaeaaeueiiai ninoiyiey caao?a
– iineacaao?a, ?ac e iaanaaaea, a a iinoiyiiii aeaeaeaiee e eaeaaeo,
niune eioi?iai oae aea iinoiyiii iaiyaony e ooi/iyaony.

Aeiaiaoeci oia?. Aea cae?aanoaoao c?aeue nioeeaeeci!

Ioaaonoaaiiue e naiie?eoe/iue aiaeec i?ienoaaeoaai o?aaoao io
i?aaenoaaeoaeae eaauo nee i?eciaoue, /oi eaeaieiae/aneee aeiaiaoeci
aeanoae noae iniiaiie i?e/eiie e?ooaiey nioeeaeenoe/aneiai iauanoaa.
Aeiaiaoeci – yaeaiea ia iiaia, aaneiia/ii iiaoi?ythuaany a naiuo
?acee/iuo io?aneyo /aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe. Ie/oi ia iiai iiae
eoiie, e ie/oi ia aa/ii. Eae au ie auei niaa?oaiii, i?i/ii e i?ae?anii
oai?aiea ?oe /aeiaa/aneeo, ni a?aiaiai iii aaooaao e o?aaoao ia oieueei
?anoaa?aoeee, ii e ia?ano?ieee, /oiau niioaaonoaiaaoue iiaui o?aaiaaieyi
eciaieaoaainy ie?a, aeeiaieea oa?aeoa?enoee ie?oaeathuae iaoa?eaeueiie,
nioeeaeueiie e aeooiaiie n?aaeu. Yoio oieaa?naeueiue caeii eciaiaiey
?aaee aiciaiiaeaiey aeecie eiaioaony caeiiii aaeaioaoeee anaai nouaai e
iaiythueiny oneiaeyi n?aaeu.

Ia?aaeiaia aeey eiioea XIX – ia/aea XX aaea nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneia
o/aiea, nicaeaiiia E. Ia?enii, a caoai ?ac?aaioaiiia aei o?iaiy
nioeeaeueiie oaoiieiaee e aiaae?aiiia a nioeeaeueioth i?aeoeeo A.
Eaieiui, a aeaeueiaeoai i?aeoe/anee ia i?aoa?iaei nouanoaaiiuo eciaiaiee
ia i?ioyaeaiee aeaoo o?aoae noieaoey, oioy ana ae?oaea iai?aaeaiey iaoee
e ia/aeo o?aoueaai ouny/aeaoey iiaie enoi?ee naeaeaee aeaaioneee oaa a
aoaeouaa.

Na?ueacii onoa?aee, ia?anoaee oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueii iauyniyoue
nioeeaeueioth aeeciue e oai aieaa i?iaiice?iaaoue aa ?acaeoea oaeea
noi?iiu ia?enenonei-eaieineie oai?ee, eae o/aiea i aeeeoaoo?a
i?ieaoa?eaoa, aii?in i iaoaieciao i?ienoiaeaeaiey i?eaaai/iie noieiinoe,
i?aaenoaaeaiea i iaecaaaeiii ioie?aiee a aoaeouai ainoaea?noaa eae
i?aaiecaoeee, oi?aaeythuae aeeciueth iauanoaa, a oaeaea iaeioi?ua
ae?oaea i?eau/iua oai?aoe/aneea iinooeaou ia?enenoia.

Iiiuoea i?aa?aoeoue aeeaoth, oi anoue ?acaeaathuothny, nioeeaeueioth
iaoeo a ouaoaeueii ia?oiyiaiioth, iaeciaiioth, “nayooth” ioieth, eioi?ie
ioaeii iieeiiyoueny ia ?annoaeaeay – aio /oi, a eiia/iii n/aoa, iiaoaeei
iiao/ee Niaaoneee Nithc, ie?iaoth nenoaio nioeeaeecia.

A iinoiyiiii ni?aaiiaaiee Neaayineie (nioeeaeenoe/aneie a XX aaea, a
aei oiai – i?aaineaaiie) e Caiaaeiie (i?ioanoaioneie) oeeaeeecaoeee auea
i?iea?aia ia aiaiiay e aeaaea ia yeiiiie/aneay, a eaeaieiae/aneay aeoaa.
Noieue aei?iaie, noieue aeeceie na?aeoeo ?inneeneeo eiiioia?ia eaeaa
Ni?aaaaeeeainoe caiaaeiua iiiiiaiou i?ioeaiiinoaaeee eaeath Naiaiaeu. Ia
?oaaaea XIX – XX aaeia eeanneee ia oaeaeeee yoie aoaeouae i?iaeaia
aeinoaoi/iiai aieiaiey. Nia?aiaiiua aea eaeaieiae iiiuoaeenue
i?aa?aoeoue ia?eneci a nenoaio ii/oe ?aeeaeiciuo, iai?a?aeaaiuo,
ieinoaiaaoeo aeiaiaoia. A ?acoeueoaoa oai?aoeeai nioeeaeecia ana?ueac
i?ioeaiiinoaaeoue Caiaaeo, a eaeaieiae/aneii ieaia, ieacaeinue ia/aai.

Iaaeaeo oai, a iieiii niioaaonoaee n iinooeaoaie aeeaeaeoe/aneiai
iaoa?eaeecia, iiyaeaiea eaeie-eeai i?iaeaiu icia/aao iiyaeaiea e
n?aaenoa aeey aa ?aoaiey, oioy yoe niauoey a ?aaeueiinoe e ioaeaeaiu
ae?oa io ae?oaa ii?aaeaeaiiui io?aceii a?aiaie. Aeeaeaeoe/aneee iaoiae,
naienoaaiiue ia oieueei ia?enecio, ii e oeaeiio ?yaeo ae?oaeo
nioeeaeueiuo oai?ee, i?yii oeacuaaao eae ia i?ioeai?a/eainoue, oae e ia
acaeiiaeiiieiyaiinoue aeaoo aeaaiuo nioeeaeueiuo eaeae, iieiaeaiiuo a
iniiao eiieo?aioeee aeaoo aeiieie?othueo nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo
nenoai XX aaea, eaieoaeecia e nioeeaeecia: eaeae Naiaiaeu e eaeae
Ni?aaaaeeeainoe. Aeeaeaeoeea yoie ai?ueau ?aii eee iicaeii i?eaaaeao e
caeiiiia?iiio ?acoeueoaoo – aicieeiiaaieth aa?iiie/iiai iauanoaa,
i?aaiecaoeey eioi?iai iniiauaaaony ia ni/aoaiee, aaeeinoaa eaeae
ioaaonoaaiiie Naiaiaeu e iao?aaieoaeueiie Ni?aaaaeeeainoe!

Nianoaaiiinoue, oi?aaeaiea, ioaaonoaaiiinoue, eioi?iaoeey.

Eaeath eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie Naiaiaeu ieacaeinue aiciiaeiui ?aaeeciaaoue
cia/eoaeueii ?aiueoa eaeae nioeeaeueiie Ni?aaaaeeeainoe. N aioe/iuo
a?aiai e aei ?oaaaea o?aoueaai ouny/aeaoey iiieiaiea eaeae
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie Naiaiaeu ninoiyei a i?eciaiee iniaiai i?aaa
“neeueiiai” /aeiaaea – noaa?aia, ainiiaeeia, oicyeia e o.i. oi?aaeyoue
ae?oaeie ethaeueie ia oieueei a iaueo, ii e a nianoaaiiuo eioa?anao.
ssnii, /oi i?e yoii a niioiioaiee ee/iie e iauanoaaiiie auaiaeu
aeoeaio anaaaea aeaeaeny ia eioa?ana oicyeia. “Ainoaea?noai – yoi y!” –
o?aca, iaeiaaeaeu i?iecianaiiay o?aioeocneei ei?ieai, ii nouanoao,
yaeyaony ia oieueei oi?ioeie aaniethoiie iiia?oee, ii e oi?ioeie
aaniethoiiai yaiecia /aeiaaea. I?e oaeii iieiaeaiee aauae ia?iaeo ia
?aeiiaiaeotho aaniieieoueny i caueoa naieo eioa?ania. Ca ieo iiaeoiaao
Ainiiaeei e ii naiaio oniio?aieth ?aoeo: aeeoue ee i?inoiethaeeio eee
oia?aoue ca oaiaeiia aa?eio aeaei…

A iaeneiaeueiie noaiaie eaeay ee/iie yeiiiie/aneie naiaiaeu auea
?aaeeciaaia iauanoaii a ?aieao eaieoaeenoe/aneie oi?iaoeee, aaea
/aeiaae, iaeaaeathuee yia?aeae, i?aaei?eei/eainoueth e ae?oaeie
ea/anoaaie, iia aeiaeoueny oniaoa, iacaaeneii io naiaai nioeeaeueiiai
i?ienoiaeaeaiey. A ii?aaeaeaiiii niunea neiaa oaeie oniao ni?aaaaeeea.

Aieueoay /anoue ethaeae, aeeaoueo a eaieoaeenoe/aneii iauanoaa,
io/aoeeai iniciaao, /oi i?aaei?eieiaoaeue yaeyaony yooaeoeaiui
?oeiaiaeeoaeai i?iecaiaenoaa eiaiii a neeo ee/iie caeioa?aniaaiiinoe.

Aieaa aunieee o?iaaiue iieaou o?oaea (aeioiaeia) ethaiai ?oeiaiaeeoaey
(a aeaiiii neo/aa – nianoaaiieea) a n?aaiaiee n i?inoui eniieieoaeai
?aaio – iiiyoai e ioiineoaeueii ni?aaaaeeea. Iani?aaaaeeeainoue aea
e?iaony a noaiaie ?acee/ey aeioiaeia iaaiiuo ?aaioieeia, n iaeiie
noi?iiu, e nianoaaiieea n?aaenoa i?iecaiaenoaa – n ae?oaie. I?aai
nianoaaiieea, cae?aieaiiia caeiiii e io?aaeathuaa eioa?anu
yenieoaoaoi?ia, iicaieyao aeaaeaeueoeo i?aaei?eyoey i?aeoe/anee
aaeeiiee/ii i?eieiaoue eeth/aaua i?iecaiaenoaaiiua ?aoaiey, a oii /enea
e ii aii?ino iieaou o?oaea, /oi iau/ii icia/aao iaee/ea iaiiia?iiai
?ac?uaa a aeioiaeao oao, eoi oi?aaeyao i?iecaiaenoaii, e oao, eoi
yaeyaony iaiin?aaenoaaiiuie eniieieoaeyie oaoiieiae/aneeo iia?aoeee.

A oneiaeyo, eiaaea a /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe iaiueoeinoaa a?aaeaeai
iani?aaaaeeeai cae?aieaiu n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa, nicaeaiiua niaianoiui
o?oaeii aieueoeinoaa o/anoieeia i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai i?ioeanna,
iani?aaaaeeea e i?eioeei ?ani?aaeaeaiey i?eaaai/iie noieiinoe.
Nicaeaiiay a oiaea niaianoiiai o?oaea oi?aaeaioeaa e eniieieoaeae iiaay
iieaciinoue (oiaa? eee oneoae) – i?eaaai/iay noieiinoue, i?aa?auaiiay
iinea i?iaeaaee i?iecaaaeaiiiai oiaa?a a aeaiueae, a i?eaueue, aeaeeony
ii i?eioeeio: aieueoay /anoue – nianoaaiieeo n?aaenoa i?iecaiaenoaa
(eaieoaeenoo eee aeoeeiia?ai), iaiueoay (ii oniio?aieth oicyeia) –
iaaiiui ?aaioieeai.

Neo/ae, eiaaea nianoaaiiee i?aaei?eyoey, ia o/anoaoy aeaaea a
oi?aaeaiee i?iecaiaenoaaiiui i?ioeannii, iieo/aao aeioiaeu, yaeyaony
eeethno?aoeeae /enoiai ia?aceoecia, eioi?ue, iaeiaei, a aieueoae eee
iaiueoae noaiaie anaaaea eiaao ianoi a iiceoeee nianoaaiieea ii
ioiioaieth e iaaiiui ?aaioieeai.

Caauoaieth aeioiaeia oi?aaeaioeaa, e?iia i?aaa /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe,
niinianoaoao iiiiiieueii aunieay oeaia ia eo o?oae. Iia, a naith
i/a?aaeue, auoaeaao ec iiiiiieee ia oi?aaeai/aneea ciaiey (oaoiieiaee
oi?aaeaiey eieeaeoeaaie e ainoaea?noaii) oceie a?oiiu ethaeae, eioi?oth
ii?aaeaeytho eae i?aayuoth yeeoo, ieeaa?oeth. Ae?oaei a?aaeaeaiai
naiaiaeiue aeinooi iaania/eaaaony eeoue e ciaieyi oaoiieiaee
i?iecaiaenoaa. A ?acoeueoaoa – iaeie oi?aaeytho ethaeueie e eiatho
aiciiaeiinoue ioeaieaaoue naie o?oae /?acau/aeii auniei, ae?oaea –
oi?aaeytho iaoaieciaie a i?iecaiaenoaaiiii i?ioeanna e iieo/atho
aiciaa?aaeaeaiea, ?acia? eioi?iai, ii nouanoao, i?iaeeeoiaai
oi?aaeaioeaie, oae eae i?aayuay yeeoa ioeaieaaao eo o?oae cia/eoaeueii
ne?iiiaa, /ai naie.

Aieueoeinoao a?aaeaeai i?aaeeaaaaony inaiaiea ianniauo i?ioannee,
eneeth/athuaa iieo/aiea ciaiee, iaiaoiaeeiuo auoiaeoeai ec ia?iaea aeey
yooaeoeaiie eiieo?aioeee n ianeaaenoaaiiie yeeoie iauanoaa ia ?uiea
oi?aaeai/aneiai o?oaea. Anoue iniiaaiey i?aaeiieaaaoue, /oi a nei?ii
a?aiaie iauaeoeaiua i?ioeannu ?acaeoey iauanoaa nicaeaaeoo neooaoeeth,
eiaaea oi?aaeai/aneee o?oae iioa?yao naia eneeth/eoaeueiia iieiaeaiea e
noaiao i?inoi iaeiei ec aeaeia eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiiai o?oaea.

Naaiaeiy aieiaoaeueiiio enneaaeiaaoaeth enoi?ey aeaiiino?e?oao
iaoiieeioth aeaaaeueaaoeeth nioeeaeueiiai noaoona oi?aaeaioeaa: io
aiai?aaiuo oa?aiiia, n eioi?uie ia iia iiiuneeoue n?aaiyoueny ie iaeei
nia?oiue, /a?ac nineiaea aeaai?iaeiuo ethaeae n aieoaie e?iaueth, a
eioi?ia oaeaioii e ona?aeeai oaea iia auaeoueny e i?inoiethaeei, /a?ac
nioeeaeueiue neie ia?oeeiuo ia/aeueieeia, iiiaea ec eioi?uo eiaee
iniiaaiey ai?aeeoueny eeoue ieaaaeneei i?ienoiaeaeaieai e aeinooiii e
niaoe?ani?aaeaeeoaeyi, /a?ac oieiu aeaaeiuo e aeoiuo i?eaaoecaoi?ia,
no?aiyueony nanoue ia oath naiei nia?aaeaeaiai a ea/anoaa iiauo
?aaiaeaaeaeueoeaa, – iauanoai nei?i i?eaeao e niieieiiio, a naiae
c?aeinoe, aini?eyoeth ethaiai ia/aeueieea, oi anoue oi?aaeaioea. Aoaeue
oio a?eaaaee? eee i?aceaeaio – aai aeieaeiinoue ia auciaao ie o eiai
nayuaiiiai o?aiaoa. I iai i?inoi neaaeoo: “Iie ninaae auea?ae eiieo?n ia
caiauaiea aaeaioiie aeieaeiinoe oi?aaeaioea – i?aceaeaioa no?aiu (eee
aaiea, eee no?ieoaeueiie eiiiaiee). *anoii aiai?y, iaaaaeii ?aaioaao.
Iaaei aoaeao ia neaaeothuae iaaeaea aianoe i?aaeeiaeaiea i caiaia aai
aieaa aeinoieiui e o?oaeiethaeaui /aeiaaeii!” Iiiaio, eiaaea iiaeiaiay
o?aca aoaeao anai eacaoueny anoanoaaiiie, iciaiaioao ninoiyaoeeny
ia?aoiae iauanoaa e c?aeie aeaiie?aoee.

Naaiaeiy aea aiieiaaou eaieoaeecia, ia aac oiunea, niaoeaatho a iaeio
eo/o, eiaioaioth nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie oeaeaniia?aciinoueth, aeaa
niaa?oaiii ?aciua aaue. A ianniaii niciaiee iuoathony nicaeaoue
aia/aoeaiea oiaeaeanoaaiiinoe niaa?oaiii i?eaieaiiai e anoanoaaiiiai
i?aaa iaeiiai /aeiaaea (aieaa iiuoiiai, ciathuaai e niiniaiiai)
?oeiaiaeeoue (oi anoue i?eieiaoue ?aoaiey, eioi?ua aeieaeiu auiieiyoue
iiae/eiaiiua) ae?oaeie ethaeueie, caiyouie a i?iecaiaenoaa,
eiio?iee?iaaoue eae i?ioeann i?iecaiaenoaa, oae e nicaeaiiua iauei
o?oaeii iaoa?eaeueiua n?aaenoaa, iaiaoiaeeiua aeey i?ioeanna
i?iecaiaenoaa, n iaeiie noi?iiu; n ae?oaie – ioaa?aaaiia aieueoeinoaii
i?eee/iuo ethaeae i?aai ioaeaeueiiai /aeiaaea i?enaaeaaoue?acoeueoaou
o?oaea ae?oaeo, ?aaiuo aio a aeinoieinoaa a?aaeaeai; i?enaaeaaoue ia oii
oi?iaeueiii (th?eaee/aneii) iniiaaiee, /oi aio a neeo o?aaeeoeee,
nouanoaothueo a iauanoaa, eee iaiaiii oaeaeinue ioi?ieoue aoiaae, aaea
caienaii, /oi ii yaeyaony nianoaaiieeii caeaiey, iai?oaeiaaiey,
ianoi?iaeaeaiey e o.i. Oaeiai ?iaea aeieoiaiou th?eaee/anee cae?aieytho
i?ioeaianoanoaaiiia i?aai nianoaaiiinoe iaeiiai /aeiaaea eee oceiai
e?oaa eeoe ia oi, /aai ii(e) ia naeaeae(e), ia iiaeaea?aeeaaao(tho) naie
a iieaciii, ?aai/ai ninoiyiee.

Nianoaaiiinoue – yoi, e?iia anaai i?i/aai, i?aai eiio?iey, ni noi?iiu
ioaeaeueiiai /aeiaaea eee a?oiiu ethaeae, iaae oie eee eiie
oeaiiinoueth, /aua iaoa?eaeueiie. Iaeiaei eiio?ieue iaae oeaiiinoyie
aiciiaeai e ca i?aaeaeaie i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe. I?eia?ii iiaeao auoue
a?aiaea, eeceia, aanieaoiia i?aaeinoaaeaiea oeaiiinoe ae?oaei ethaeyi ai
a?aiaiiia iieueciaaiea, iaeaeaeeaaiea e o.ae. Nianoaaiiinoue, a ioee/ea
io ae?oaeo oi?i eiio?iey iaae oeaiiinoueth, i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
iiiiiieueiia e iinoiyiiia (iaeciaiyaiia) i?aai eiio?iey ca
eniieueciaaieai (iaeniieueciaaieai) oeaiiinoae, e oiio aea iacaaeneiia
io eciaiaiey oneiaee aeecie.

Eiaiii yoa einiinoue iinoiyiiiai, iaeciaiyaiiai (ii nouanoao, ia?oaiai
a naiae iaeciaiiinoe) i?aaa, i?e auno?uo ia?aiaiao aeeaie nioeeaeueiie,
yeiiiie/aneie, oaoie/aneie, eioi?iaoeeiiiie, ineoieiae/aneie n?aaeu, a
eioi?ie ?acaeaathony ioiioaiey ethaeae, – aeaeaao nianoaaiiinoue ia
e?oiiua n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa e iauanoaaiii-cia/eioth eioi?iaoeeth
i?eioeeieaeueiui oi?iicii a ?acaeoee nia?aiaiiiai iauanoaa.

Eiio?ieue iaae eaae?iauie, iaoa?eaeueiuie e eioi?iaoeeiiiuie ?ano?naie,
eae i?aaeiinueea e oi?ia ioaaonoaaiiinoe ?oeiaiaeeoaey a i?ioeanna
niceaeaoaeueiie nioeeaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe, – anoue iaiaoiaeeiia
oneiaea yoiai i?ioeanna. Ii e?oiiay nianoaaiiinoue a nia?aiaiiii
iauanoaa, ii nouanoao, yaeyaony iiiiiieueiie oi?iie eiio?iey
nianoaaiieea iaae oiaeii iauanoaaiii-cia/eiiai i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai
i?ioeanna e aai ?acoeueoaoaie. ?aaeueiay ioaaonoaaiiinoue nianoaaiieea
ia?aae eieeaeoeaii e iauanoaii i?e yoii i?aeoe/anee ionoonoaoao.

Neaaeoao oaeaea o/eouaaoue, /oi nia?aiaiiia i?iecaiaenoai – i?ioeann a
auni/aeoae noaiaie eieeaeoeaiue, nenoaiiue. Iiyoiio iiiiiieueiia
oi?aaeaiea i?iecaiaenoaaiiuie e nioeeaeueiuie i?ioeannaie yaeyaony
i?eioeeieaeueii iayooaeoeaiui. Ia oieueei nioeeaeueiay, ii e
i?iecaiaenoaaiiay aeayoaeueiinoue o?aaoao ioeaca io aeaniioe/aneeo e
ieeaa?oe/aneeo oi?i oi?aaeaiey a iieueco aeaiie?aoe/aneeo. Ia?acoiiue
yaieci iaiueoeinoaa aeieaeai onooieoue ianoi ?acoiiiio naiiia?aie/aieth
eaaeaeiai aeey iieuecu ioaeaeueiiai /aeiaaea e iauanoaa a oeaeii.

Iauai?eciaiiui yaeyaony iieiaeaiea, auneacaiiia Eaieiui: “Iieeoeea
yaeyaony eiioeaio?e?iaaiiui au?aaeaieai yeiiiieee”. A eiioea XX noieaoey
noaiiaeony iiiyoiui, /oi yoio oacen n iieiui i?aaii iiaeao auoue
aeiiieiai ooaa?aeaeaieai, /oi yeiiiieea yaeyaony eiioeaio?e?iaaiiui
au?aaeaieai nioeeaeueiie ineoieiaee a?aaeaeai aeaiiie no?aiu. Ei?ie
ineoieiaee ethaeae (eae eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie, oae e nioeeaeueiie), a naith
i/a?aaeue, ooiaeyo a aeieiae/aneoth i?e?iaeo /aeiaaea.

Yooaeoeaiay nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneay i?aaiecaoeey iauanoaa
iainouanoaeia aac i?eiyoey ia naay ii?aaeaeaiiui /eneii a?aaeaeai
ooieoeee oi?aaeaiey yeiiiieeie e iauanoaaiiuie ioiioaieyie. Oi?aaeyoue –
icia/aao iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?eieiaoue aaeeiiee/ii ?aoaiey, eanathueany
a?oiiu ethaeae, eieeaeoeaa eee anaai iauanoaa, oae eae eieeaeoeaiua,
i?ioanneiiaeueii a?aiioiua ?aoaiey, a aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa, iaaiciiaeiu:
eioa?anu ethaeae, aoiaeyueo a auoaia?a/eneaiiua iauiinoe,
eneeth/eoaeueii ?aaeei niaiaaeatho iieiinoueth; e?iia oiai, a?aiioiia
oi?aaeai/aneia ?aoaiea o?aaoao iieo/aiey niaoeeoe/aneeo ciaiee a yoie
iaeanoe.

Naaiaeiy a ?innee iaiaei oiiuo e ia?aciaaiiuo (ii ia a iaeanoe
oi?aaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaii e iauanoaii) ethaeae. Iaeiaei aeaaea ei
o?oaeii iiiyoue nooue i?ienoiaeyuaai a 90-a aiaeu XX noieaoey.
Oa?aeoa?ecoy aea o?iaaiue iieeoe/aneie e yeiiiie/aneie eiiiaoaioeee
iniiaiie iannu ianaeaiey ?innee, neaaeoao i?eciaoue, /oi ii ia oieueei
enoiaeii iecie, ii e i?iaeieaeaao iiieaeaoueny aneaaenoaea aeaa?aaeaoeee
nenoaiu ia?aciaaiey e iaeoieythuae ianne?iaaiiie iieeoe/aneie
i?iiaaaiaeu.

Iiyoiio i?eiyoea iieeoe/aneeo, th?eaee/aneeo e yeiiiie/aneeo “i?aaee
ea?u” i?ienoiaeeo, oaeoe/anee, aac o/anoey a?aaeaeai no?aiu. Eo
oi?iaeueiia aieiniaaiea “CA” Iniiaiie Caeii no?aiu, iiaeaea?aeea ia
auai?ao oiai eee eiiai eaiaeeaeaoa a i?aceaeaiou, a aeaau ianoiie
aaeieieno?aoeee, a aeaiooaou – anaai eeoue iieeoe/aneee oieon,
iaieioee?iaaiea ianniaui niciaieai, iaiai, ie/aai iauaai ia eiathuee n
aeaiie?aoeae.

Eae aicieeatho ioeaee e eeethcee ianniaiai niciaiey

A iieeoeea, eae e a oee?eiaii oieona, eiaeiue yooaeo (iaiai)
aeinoeaaaony ca n/ao oiai, /oi iaeii, aeaenoaeoaeueii nouanoaothuaa, ii
aoi?inoaiaiiia, ea/anoai iaia?aiii auiy/eaaaony, iiae/a?eeaaaony,
aeaiiino?e?e?oaony, i?eaeaeay e iieiinoueth caoaaouaay aanue iauai
aeoeaiiai aieiaiey iaeneooaiiiai iaaethaeaoaey; ae?oaia aea, aieaa
nouanoaaiiia eee aeaaea aeaaiia, – oiuoeaiii i?y/aony… E – “/oaei”
ninoiyeinue! Iaiaiooua niaoaieai iiiyoee “oi?aaeaiea” e “i?enaiaiea”
iaeaiua ethaee ia/eiatho ene?aiia n/eoaoue ni?aaaaeeeaui i?enaiaiea
iaeiei /aeiaaeii, i?eioeeieaeueii ia ioee/athueiny io anao ae?oaeo
ethaeae, aieueoae /anoe ?acoeueoaoia iauaai o?oaea.

A i?eieoeaiii aeinioeeaeenoe/aneii iauanoaa ia?aoiie noi?iiie
iauanoaaiii iieaciiai i?ioeanna oi?aaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaii, eioi?ia
inouanoaeyaony aeaaeaeueoeai i?aaei?eyoey, ia iniiaa cae?aieaiiiai a
caeiiao i?aaa /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe, – yaeyaony yenieoaoaoeey iaaiiuo
?aaioieeia eae i?iyaeaiea yaiecia oi?aaeaioeaa, i?aeoe/anee ia
ia?aie/aiiiai ie th?eaee/aneeie, ie ii?aeueiuie ii?iaie. Ii ia?a
yaiethoeee iauanoaa, a?oiiiaie yaieci oi?aaeaioeaa noaiiaeony oi?iicii
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey, e yoi iaoiaeeo io?aaeaiea a
eciaiaiee iauanoaaiiiai niciaiey e ii?aee. Ii eciaiaiea ii?aeueiuo ii?i
a iauanoaa (i?eciaiea iaaeiionoeiinoe oaeie yenieoaoaoeee) i?ienoiaeeo
anaaaea ?aiueoa, /ai eciaiaiea th?eaee/aneie aacu.

Aeaaea anee iniciaiea iiauo ii?i ii?aee ai acaeiiioiioaieyo ethaeae e
nioeeaeueiuo a?oii a iauanoaa oaea ninoiyeinue, aeaeaei ia anaaaea eiaao
ianoi niaiaaeaiea th?eaee/aneiai caeiia n ii?aeueiui. Caeiiu aei neo ii?
ieooony eee neeueiuie ie?a naai, eee a eo eioa?anao…

Ai ana yiioe aeaaiui, nouanoaaiiui ioee/eai yenieoaoe?oaiuo io
yenieoaoaoi?a yaeyaony eeoue a?aiaiiue e?eoa?ee. Yoi – eaaei ono?aieiue
niaoeeaeueiui iao/aieai i?eciae ?acee/ey eioi?ie?iaaiiinoe. A
i?eieoeaiii iauanoaa (?aaiaeaaeaeue/aneii e oaiaeaeueiii) oi?aaeaiea
aeayoaeueiinoueth ethaeae ia i?aeoeea icia/aei e i?enaiaiea ?acoeueoaoia
eo o?oaea. Ethaee auee neeoeii ia?aaiu, e aeaei caeanue ia a oeooeao
(oa?aii, ?aaiaeaaeaeaoe, ei?ieue, aa?oeia, a?ao, ?aa, e?aiinoiie
e?anoueyiei, ?aianeaiiee). A oi a?aiy ethaee ?aciuo nioeeaeueiuo neiaa
?aaeeeaeueii ?acee/aeenue noaiaiueth naiae eioi?ie?iaaiiinoe i
i?eioeeiao nioeeaeueiiai oi?aaeaiey, i oii, eae ?aaioatho
ainoaea?noaaiiue, i?iecaiaenoaaiiue e yeiiiie/aneee iaoaieciu.

I?eioeeieaeueiua ?acee/ey a ciaieyo, a ia a niiniaiinoyo ii?iaeaeaee
nioeeaeueiia ia?aaainoai. Ia c?y aiai?eony: “Ciaiea – neea!”. I?aaeiaa
iieiaeaiea aeae, oi anoue yenieoaoaoeeth nianoaaiieeii iaaiiuo
?aaioieeia, nio?aieoue noaei iii?inoo iaaiciiaeii, eae oieueei
i?iecaiaenoai e yeiiiie/aneay aeeciue, ai aoi?ie iieiaeia XX noieaoey,
iio?aaiaaee o/anoey a o?oaeiaii i?ioeanna ia?aciaaiiuo ?aai/eo,
oaoieeia, eiaeaia?ia – ethaeae iaaiiiai o?oaea.

Nia?aiaiiia i?iecaiaenoai ioaeaeaeinue a ianniaie iiaeaioiaea
aunieieaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo niaoeeaeenoia ?acee/iiai i?ioeey, a yoi, a
naith i/a?aaeue, o?aaiaaei aeeth/aiey a o/aaiua i?ia?aiiu oaeeo
i?aaeiaoia, eae ineoieiaey, yeiiiieea, oi?aaeaiea. Ii nouanoao,
i?iecioea ii/oe ieeai ia caia/aiiay ?aaiethoeey a iaeanoe nioeeaeueiie
eioi?ie?iaaiiinoe ianaeaiey. Aneaaenoaea yoiai en/acei aeaaiia oneiaea
nio?aiaiey aeanoe i?eaeeaae?iaaiiuo, yenieoaoe?othueo neiaa iauanoaa –
iiiiiieey ia ciaiea oaoiieiaee oi?aaeaiey ethaeueie a iieeoe/aneie e
yeiiiie/aneie noa?ao iauanoaaiiie aeecie.

Nioeeaeenoe/aneay ?aaiethoeey a ?innee, a caoai nicaeaiea ie?iaie
nioeeaeenoe/aneie nenoaiu ii-ianoiyuaio iio?ynee noa?ue ie?. Ii
iaaa?iyoii auno?ue ?aniaae eaeaieiaee nioeeaeecia, ioeao auaoeo
nioeeaeenoe/aneeo no?ai e eaieoaeenoe/aneei ioiioaieyi eeoiee ?ac
iiaeoaa?aeeee ecaanoioth enoeio: aieueoea aeaea aeaeathony ?annoaeeii, a
ia yiooceaciii; ?aaiethoeey a oiao aeieaeia i?aaeoanoaiaaoue ?aaiethoeee
a iauanoaa…

Ii nouanoao, aieueoeinoai nioeeaeenoe/aneeo ?aaiethoeee XX aaea
i?ienoiaeeei ca n/ao ia?iiiiai yiioeeiiaeueiiai ii?uaa – no?aieaiey
ethaeae e Ni?aaaaeeeainoe. Iaeaieaa ecaanoiua a ?innee oai?aoeee
nioeeaeecia – Ia?en, Yiaaeuen, Eaiei – ianoie/eai iiae/a?eeaaee
aeooaeueiinoue aiaae?aiey eaeae nioeeaeueiie ni?aaaaeeeainoe a
iianaaeiaaiia iauanoaaiiia niciaiea, a oae eo ?inneeneea iineaaeiaaoaee
?aaeeciaaee yoo eaeath a nioeeaeueiie i?aeoeea eae niiaee… *a?ac
aeeeoaoo?o ia?oee e o?aaieoaeueioth ni?aaaaeeeainoue…

Ai aoi?ie iieiaeia XX noieaoey neooaoeey noaea ea/anoaaiii eciaiyoueny.
Eaeay nioeeaeueiie ni?aaaaeeeainoe, ?aaeeciaaiiay aeey aieueoeinoaa
a?aaeaeai NNN?, ionoue e aeaeaei ia eaeaaeueii, n aieueoeie
ecaea?aeeaie, ii ana aea aiieia iuooeii, ia oieueei iicaieeea iaoae
no?aia i?aiaeieaoue oyaeaeaeoea yeiiiie/aneea e aiaiiua eniuoaiey, ii e,
aia?aua a enoi?ee, nicaeaea o ethaeae iaaiiiai o?oaea, o oao, eiai
i?eiyoi iacuaaoue o?oaeyueieny, oi anoue o aieueoae /anoe ianaeaiey,
ene?aiiaa, ii ioeai/iia /oanoai aaniethoiie e aaniiai?ioiie iiaaaeu
Ni?aaaaeeeainoe.

Iinea yoiai caueoa eaeae Ni?aaaaeeeainoe, eacaeinue, oaea ia eiaea
niunea, eae ia eiaao niunea caaioa ioaeaeueiiai /aeiaaea i oii, /oiau
nieioea anoaaaei ii oo?ai, a ceiie auei oieiaeiaa, /ai eaoii… A
niioaaonoaee n caeiiaie ineoieiaee, aeinoeaiooay oeaeue, oioy au ia
a?aiy, oa?yao naith i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoue. “Iaania/ea”, eae n/eoaee
iiiaea, “aa/ioth nioeeaeueioth ni?aaaaeeeainoue”, ?inneeneia iauanoai
eaaei aini?eiyei i?ecua e iaiiaeaieth e ia?ano?ieea.

Ii nouanoao, iniiaiua eaeae ai?aa/aaneie ia?ano?ieee a ianniaii
niciaiee naiaeeeenue e eicoiao: “Aieueoa nioeeaeecia!” Iniiaiay /anoue
ianaeaiey yoio i?ecua aini?eieiaea eae aiciiaeiinoue aeaeueiaeoaai
oeo/oaiey aeecie “aiiaua”… Ii eiie?aoiiai, iniciaiiiai i?aaenoaaeaiey
i oii, /oi iaiaoiaeeii eciaieoue a i?aaiecaoeee aeecie iauanoaa, ia auei
i?aeoe/anee ie o eiai – ie o /anoiuo iieeoeeia, ie o ?yaeiauo
a?aaeaeai… Iiyaeaoeeny aaeooi nioeeaeueiuo eaeae caiieieee
ioeaee?iaaiiua i?ia?aiiu iaaeoaaoaeuenoaa iaeaiuo nia?aaeaeai,
?ac?aaioaiiua oeeie/iuie yaienoaie e aeoeeeaie anao ianoae.

Ineoieiaey – iniiaa

nioeeaeueiie e yeiiiie/aneie iaoee 21-ai aaea

Ineoieiae/aneie iaoeie onoaiiaeaii, /oi a eieeaeoeaiie aeooa (ianniaii
niciaiee), eae e o ioaeaeueiiai /aeiaaea, ia?yaeo n iaeanoueth
iniciaiiuo iioeaia ioaeaeueiuo iinooieia e iiaaaeaiey a oeaeii,
nouanoaoao cia/eoaeueiay ii iauaio ciia iainiciaaaaiuo iioeaia, eioi?ua
o?oaeii aeinooiiu aeey oeenaoeee a niciaiee. Yoa noa?a eiaioaony
iaeanoueth “eieeaeoeaiiai aanniciaoaeueiiai”. Eaeaieiaaie inoaeinue ia
caia/aiiui ianuuaiea, a ii?ie e i?anuuaiea iauanoaa oi?iuaiii iiieiaaiie
ni?aaaaeeeainoueth.

Noi?ie?iaaeinue ioeai/iia, ii aanueia onoie/eaia iauanoaaiiia iiaiea, a
eioi?ii Ni?aaaaeeeainoue aini?eieiaeanue eae i?eioeei O?aaieaaiey
aiciaa?aaeaeaiee (a cia/eo e o?iaiy aeecie) o?oaeiethaeauo ethaeae, n
iaeiie noi?iiu, e eaioyaa, n ae?oaie; ioaaonoaaiiuo e aacioaaonoaaiiuo
a?aaeaeai; /anoiuo e iioaiieeia, oi anoue anoanoaaiiia ?aaainoai i?aa
a?aaeaeai ana aieueoa i?aa?auaeinue a i?ioeaianoanoaaiioth o?aaieeiaeo
anao e ai anai. Yoi iaecaaaeii i?eaaei e a?aiaiiie aeaaaeueaaoeee a
iauanoaaiiii niciaiee oaeie iai?aoiaeyuae nioeeaeueiie oeaiiinoe, eae
nioeeaeueiay Ni?aaaaeeeainoue. I?anuuaiiinoue “o?aaieoaeueiie
ni?aaaaeeeainoueth” caeiiiia?ii ii?iaeeea o iaeaieaa aeoeaiie,
oai?/aneie e ia?aciaaiiie /anoe ianaeaiey ianoiyuoth aeaaeaeo
aeeaeaeoe/anee i?ioeaiiieiaeiiai nioeeaeueiiai ea/anoaa – ieieiaeueiuo
ia?aie/aiee ee/iie Naiaiaeu!

A iaeioi?uo nioeeaeenoe/aneeo no?aiao, a ?aciia a?aiy, auee
i?aaei?eiyou iiiuoee aeiaanoe ?aaeecaoeeth eaeae o?aaieoaeueiie
Ni?aaaaeeeainoe aei e?aeiaai i?aaeaea. Iiuo Eeoay a?aiai Iai Oeca-aeoia,
iiuo Naaa?iie Ei?ae a?aiai Eei E? Naia, Eaiio/ee a?aiai Iie Iioa, –
oaaaeeoaeueii iieacae, /oi “aaeeeay o?aaieeiaea” ia anoue neiiiei
Ni?aaaaeeeainoe, a anoue eeoue iiaeaaeaiea anyeie eieoeeaoeau, anyeie
ianoaiaea?oiinoe, caeiiiia?ii aaaeouaa e aeoai/aeoae aeaa?aaeaoeee
yeiiiieee e, aneaaenoaea yoiai, e ianniaiio aieiaeo.

Oae enoi?e/aneie i?aeoeeie auea aeieacaia enoeiiinoue ooaa?aeaeaiee
A?enoioaey, auneacaiiuo ieiei aeaoo ouny/ eao iacaae, i oii, /oi
“o?aaieaathuay ni?aaaaeeeainoue” aano?aeia, /oi aaeeinoaaiii aiciiaeiie
oi?iie ni?aaaaeeeainoe yaeyaony “?ani?aaeaeythuay ni?aaaaeeeainoue”.
I?eioeei ?ani?aaeaeythuae ni?aaaaeeeainoe oiaea aue noi?ioee?iaai eae
iaeei ec aaaeiaeoeo caeiiia i?aaiecaoeee aeecie nioeeaeenoe/aneiai
iauanoaa. “Io eaaeaeiai – ii niiniaiinoyi, eaaeaeiio – ii o?oaeo!”.

A oeaeii, aeeciueth aeieacaia aiciiaeiinoue ?aaeecaoeee yoiai
i?eioeeia, a aio aiciiaeiinoue inouanoaeaiey i?eioeeia: “Io eaaeaeiai ii
niiniaiinoyi, eaaeaeiio – ii iio?aaiinoyi” oae e inoaeanue aanueia e
aanueia i?iaeaiaoe/iie…

Neiai “iio?aaiinoue” aeaaii aoiaeeo a e?oa aaciauo iiiyoee ineoieiaee,
ii ia iieeoieiaee. Iaoaeeaeoaeueii, /oi eaeaieiae e iieeoeee i?ioeiai
aaea caiooaeenue a ineoieiae/aneeo i?iaeaiao – aaaeue i iio?aaiinoyo
/aeiaaea ia?enenou ia/aea XX aaea ie/aai oieeii ia ciaee, iii?inoo ia
iiaee ciaoue, oae eae oi?ie?iaaiea ineoieiaee eae naiinoiyoaeueiie
io?anee iaoee i?iecioei iicaea. A eiioea XX aaea ia i?eaeaaaeinue
na?ueaciiai cia/aiey ineoieiaee ioaeaeueiiai /aeiaaea e iaeuo a?oii
(iee?inioeeieiaee).

A iiaie enoi?ee iao?oaeii iaeoe i?eia?u i?aaiecaoeee iauanoaa ia
i?eioeeiao, i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo o?aaieoaeueiie ni?aaaaeeeainoe, – iauanoaa,
aaea a ea/anoaa aeaaiie nioeeaeueiie caiiaaaee eniiaaaeoaony i?eioeei
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie Naiaiaeu, eioi?ue ii nooe ia iiaeao auoue ie/ai eiui,
eae i?eioeeiii naiaiaeu aeey neeueiiai. Iiiaea ia?eiaeu enoi?ee
Niaaeeiaiiuo Ooaoia Aia?eee: yiioa inaiaiey “aeeeiai Caiaaea”, iicaeiaa,
a XX aaea – aiaeu aeaenoaey “nooiai caeiia”, aiaeu “aaeeeie aeai?annee”
– i?aaenoaaeytho niaie y?eea eeethno?aoeee iauanoaa i?aaeaeueiie
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie naiaiaeu.

*anoiua ?aoi?iu auee aiciiaeiu e inoathony

aiciiaeiuie…

Aeey ?inneyi naiui y?eei e oaaaeeoaeueiui i?eia?ii “aani?aaeaea
naiaiaeu” – yaeythony aiaeu ia?ano?ieee, a iniaaiiinoe
aaeaea?i-/oaaenianeee yoai ?aoi?i, eiaaea ioe?uoi auei cayaeaii, /oi
ethaie a?aaeaeaiei ?innee iieiinoueth naiaiaeai io ia?aie/aiee ii?aee –
?ac?aoaii ana, /oi ia cai?auaii caeiiii, eiaaea ainoaea?noaaiiie
eaeaieiaeae noaea iiaeaea?aeea e?eieiaeueiiai iaeiieaiey eaieoaea.
Ioe?uoi auee aeaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeaeathuei noaoue aiaaouie, ia
noaniyoueny a n?aaenoaao: ai?iaaoue, a?aaeoue, iaiaiuaaoue, oi anoue
auoue niaa?oaiii naiaiaeiuie ia oieueei io ii?aeueiuo, ii e io
th?eaee/aneeo ia?aie/aiee a nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie noa?a. Aiiaaai
yoie e?eieiaeueiie naiaiaeu noaei ecuyoea o ianaeaiey ?innee iauae
nianoaaiiinoe (eiaiiaaaoaeny ainoaea?noaaiiie) a oiaea oae iacuaaaiie
“aao/a?iie i?eaaoecaoeee”.

Ioeac io eiaiiuo i?eaaoecaoeeiiiuo /aeia, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo caeiiii ?O,
iicaieee e?eieiaeueii iuneyuae /anoe ?inneeneiai ianaeaiey e
i?eaaoecaoi?ai nicaeaoue o aieueoeinoaa a?aaeaeai no?aiu eeethceth, /oi
i?enaaeaaaony ia eo ee/iay /anoue eieeaeoeaiiai, iauaai eiouanoaa, a
iaeia /oaeia, ie/aeiia, ainoaea?noaaiiia eiouanoai. Oae ninoiyeny
?aoathuee oaa a noi?iio oioaeueiiai, nenoaiiiai
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai e?ecena. Ia neo/aeii a *aoineiaaeee, aaea
ainoaea?noai i?iaiaeeei i?eaaoecaoeeth ii eiaiiui i?eaaoecaoeeiiiui
n/aoai, nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneay neooaoeey naaiaeiy ian?aaieia n
?inneeneie. A?aaeaeaia *aoee e Neiaaeee, nio?aiea naith /anoue iauaai
yeiiiie/aneiai ianeaaenoaa, niiaee aeeth/eoueny a ?uii/ioth nenoaio a
ea/anoaa aeoeaiuo, niciaoaeueiuo e iieiii?aaiuo o/anoieeia yeiiiie/aneeo
ioiioaiee, a ia ieueo, aani?aaiuo, ie a /ai ia caeioa?aniaaiiuo
ethiiaiia, eae yoi i?iecioei a ?innee iinea oeaca A. Aeueoeeia i auionea
aacuiyiiuo i?eaaoecaoeeiiiuo /aeia, oeaca, eioi?ue ia eiae th?eaee/aneie
neeu e i?ioeai?a/ee aeaenoaothuae Eiinoeoooeee.

Aiciiaeii ee auei eiia ?acaeoea niauoee? Iiaei ee /anoiia e
ia?aciaaiiia i?aaeoaeuenoai, anee au oaeia auei o aeanoe a oi a?aiy,
i?iaanoe ?aoi?iu aac ai?ianoaa e iaiaia, eniieuecoy i?eioeeiu oaaaeaiey
ii?aee, caeiiia, ni?aaaaeeeainoe e o?aaeeoeee no?aiu?

Ianiiiaiii – aea! Aeey yoiai o?aaiaaeinue iiaeaioiaeoue iauanoai e
iiaui i?aaeeai ?aaiou. Aunieiia?aciaaiiiio ?inneeneiio ia?iaeo ioaeii
auei eeoue aeaoue aeiiieieoaeueiua ciaiey a iaeanoe yeiiiie/aneeo e
nioeeaeueiuo iaoe, a ia ia/ue, eae aeeiu, e?oiiuo nianoaaiieeia n
oe?aaeaiiui eaieoaeii. Aaaeue enoeiiui i?iecaiaenoaaiiui eaieoaeii
yaeythony ia noieueei aeaiueae, neieueei iiuo yooaeoeaiie i?aaiecaoeee e
oi?aaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaii.

Ianaeaiea, iiaeaioiaeaiiia ainoaea?noaii e i?iaaaeaieth ia?auo yoaiia
?aoi?i, aeieaeii auei eiaoue aiciiaeiinoue, ii naiei eiaiiui aao/a?ai,
aeiaeeoue oo eee eioth, i?eiaaeeaaeauoth ei aeieth iauanoaaiiiai
aiaaonoaa ia oieueei a /anoiua oiiaeu e i?aaei?eyoey n auni/aeoei
o?iaiai ?enea (ii nooe, n aa?aioeae iioaiie/aneiai ecuyoey aeiaeaiiuo
ianaeaieai n?aaenoa), ii e nicaeaoue ?aaeueiua oneiaey aeey aeiaeaiey
/anoe iieo/aiiiai, i?e ?acaeaea iauaai aiaaonoaa, a oaaea?aeueiua e
iaeanoiua oiiaeu n ainoaea?noaaiiuie aa?aioeyie, aaea iaaiciiaeiu
e?oiiua iaoeiaoeee n oeaiiuie aoiaaaie, ii nouanoaotho aaeeeieaiiua
i?aaeiinueee aeey iao/aiey ianaeaiey naiinoiyoaeueiie
oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneie e i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe a oneiaeyo
?uiea.

Aiciiaeii ee eni?aaeoue iieiaeaiea nae/an? Aaciaaeaaeia ee neooaoeey?
Aeaenoaeoaeueii ee iaia?aoeii, eae ooaa?aeaeaao *oaaen, iacaeiiiia
i?enaiaiea nianoaaiiinoe aieueoeinoaa iaiueoeinoaii? O?eaeaeu – iao!
Oeoe io nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie eaoano?iou o?oaeii, ii aiieia
aiciiaeii!

Ia?aoiae e ni?aaaaeeeaui, a cia/eo e yooaeoeaiui
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneei ioiioaieyi aiciiaeai, ii eeoue oiaaea, eiaaea
noaiao aeinoaoi/iie eioi?ie?iaaiiinoue aieueoeinoaa a?aaeaeai no?aiu i
nooe iniiaiuo caeiiia ooieoeeiie?iaaiey nia?aiaiiie
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu…

Ii/aio aea ia?aciaaiiia e i/aiue iaaeoiia ianaeaiea ?innee oae eaaei
niaeaneeinue ?annoaoueny ni naiae caeiiiie aeieae iaeiieaiiiai iauaai
aiaaonoaa? I?e/eiu oaeiai no?aiiiai “aac?annoaenoaa” oaeaea eiatho
ineoieiae/aneea ei?ie.

A ia/aea aaea iino?iaiea iauanoaa, i?eaioe?iaaiiiai ia nioeeaeueioth
ni?aaaaeeeainoue a ?innee, ianaeaiiie iaeia?aiioiuie e aiana
iaia?aciaaiiuie ethaeueie, auei iaaiciiaeii aac aiaeaeae, “iooeia
ia?iaea”, eioi?ui eiooeoeaii aeiaa?yea, a ii?ie neaii aa?eea oi?aaeyaiay
eie oaiiay ianna. A eiioea noieaoey neooaoeey ei?aiiui ia?acii
eciaieeanue. A 60 – 70-a aiaeu OO aaea a nioeeaeenoe/aneeo no?aiao
neiaeeeny iiuiue neie ia?aciaaiiuo ethaeae, eioi?ue ii naiaio
eioaeeaeooaeueiiio e eoeueoo?iiio o?iaith ia oieueei ia onooiae, ii e ai
iiiaii i?aainoiaeee i?anoa?aeuo eeaea?ia ainoaea?noaa. Ai iiiaii, ii ia
ai anai…

Iioiaeoth neooaoeeth ii?ie iiaeii iaaethaeaoue a neo/ayo, eiaaea
au?inoee a ?aai/a-e?anoueyineie n?aaea thiioa nouaeeony
“iaaeaai?iaeiiai” i?ienoiaeaeaiey. N auniou oeieueiie, eee aeaaea
aocianeie, ia?aciaaiiinoe ii ioiineony n ec?yaeiie aeieae iaeaiiai
aunieiia?ey e noa?oei /eaiai naiuee, ene?aiia iooay ia?aciaaiiinoue –
inaiaiea a oiaea naiae o/aau ec?yaeiiai iauaia iieaciie eioi?iaoeee, n
ianoiyuae ioae?inoueth. Aieueooth /anoue niiauaiiuo aio o/eoaeai i?aaee
ii i?eieiaao ia aa?o. Ioae?inoue i?eaeao iicaea, eiaaea iiac?ineaaoee
/aeiaae iao/eony naiinoiyoaeueii aeiauaaoue ciaiey i aeecie, a oaeaea
naiinoiyoaeueii i?iaa?youe eo ia enoeiiinoue.

Niaoeeaeenoai ecaanoii, /oi eiaiii i?inoua ethaee, “ia?iae” nio?aiytho
naiiauoioth, ia eneaaeaiioth nioeeaeueioth eoeueoo?o iauanoaa, eioi?ay e
iicaieyao ioee/eoue iaeei ia?iae io ae?oaiai, ionoue naiiai aeeceiai ii
enoi?e/aneei ei?iyi, iaania/eoue auaeeaaiea iauanoaa i?e iaoeethaeeo
iiiuoeao i/a?aaeiuo ?aoi?iaoi?ia – noa?uo eee iiauo “a?enoie?aoia” –
neeoeii ?acei eciaieoue o?aaeeoeee nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai e
naiaeiiai oeeaaea. Iiac?ineaa, i?inaauaiiue thiioa iieiao, /oi aeey
?acoiiiai /aeiaaea eaeaaeueiui aa?eaioii yaeyaony onaiaiea aiciiaeii
aieueoae /anoe iaeiieaiiiai /aeiaa/anoaii iiuoa, eioi?ue aeieaeai auoue
niaaeeiai n nianoaaiiie oai?/aneie e e?eoe/aneie iiceoeeae a aeecie,
iicaieythuae “iiniaoaoue iaaeeaiii”. *ai ia “oia?aiiue i?ia?ann a ?aieao
caeiia”?!

Ia?eiae naiaia?aciiai “iiae?inoeiaiai ieaeeecia” ia?aaeeee iiiaea
nioeeaeenoe/aneea no?aiu, eioaeeeaaioeey eioi?uo oaea io/aoeeai aeaeaea
iaeaiinoue oai?aoe/aneeo iino?iaiee, ?ac?aaioaiiuo ianeieueei aeanyoeia
eao iacaae, io?eoeaea ioaeeaoee ii?yaeie, ii aua ia nic?aea aeey
oi?ie?iaaiey iiaie nioeeaeueiie eiioeaioeee e inoaiiaeeanue ia
eioaioeeueiii io?eoeaiee naieo nianoaaiiuo ei?iae. Neooaoeey aiieia
noaiaea?oiay – iiae?inoie ia caia/aao oeaiu aeinoeaeaiee naieo
?iaeeoaeae. Aua ia iaeaaeay eo o?oaeiethaeai, oii?noaii,
aeecianoieeinoueth, ii oi/ao eaaeiai e aieueoiai oniaoa, eioi?ui aai
iaieo /oaeie eioa?aniue aeyaey. Iau/iue ?acoeueoao oaeeo iaeaiuo
aeaenoaee ecaanoai eaaeaeiio iiuoiiio /aeiaaeo…

A nioeeaeenoe/aneeo no?aiao iiiai eao iacaae auea aeiiouaia
na?ueaciaeoay ioeaea: iionoea aeaeaciue caiaaan iaaeaeo aeaoiy
niia?ie/athueie nioeeaeueiuie nenoaiaie (ii nooe aeaea eeoue aeey oiai,
/oiau iaoe nioeeaeenoe/aneea /aaea ia ca?aceeenue caiaaeiui
eiaeeaeaeoaeeciii e yaieciii, iio?aaeoaeuenoaii e noyaeaoaeuenoaii),
eaeaieiae nioeeaeecia iieo/eee ia i?ioeeaeoeeo aeo?iie aieacie yaiecia
(eae i?aaeiieaaaee), a yooaeo cai?aoiiai ieiaea, eioi?ue, eae ecaanoii,
anaaaea i?aaenoaaeyaony neaua, /ai ia naiii aeaea… Iiiuoee neeoeii
caaioeeauo ?iaeeoaeae eciee?iaaoue ?aaaiea io ethaie “ca?acu”
caeiiiia?ii i?eaiaeyo e ionoonoaeth eiioieoaoa, aicieeiiaaieth, a eiioea
eiioeia, oyaeaeaeoaai, a ii?ie – nia?oaeueiiai caaieaaaiey.

Aeey ia?aciaaiiiai, oi anoue aeooiaii iiae?inoaai ianaeaiey neo/ii
aeeoue iiae iiaeie aiaeaeae a iauanoaa ne?iiiiai, ii aa?aioe?iaaiiiai
aeinoaoea; neo/ii, eae a niaanianeii eioa?iaoa. Iaeiaei ia aeaea, aeey
aaniethoiiai aieueoeinoaa iaaei?ineae e iiaeaaiuo, iieo/eoue iieioth
naiaiaeo icia/aao ia oieueei ia?niaeoeao inaiaiaeaeaiey io iaaeiaaeeeaie
iiaee, ii e aiieia ?aaeueioth aiciiaeiinoue i?inoi ieacaoueny ieeiio ia
ioaeiui e aeiauaaoue ieuo nai?ii iiaeayiey eee oia?aoue n aieiaeo n?aaee
?aaiiaeooiuo e /oaeeo ethaeae, caiyouo oieueei naieie nianoaaiiuie
i?iaeaiaie.

A ?innee ?iiaioeea “caiaaeiiai” aa?eaioa naiaiaeu oeaoo/eeanue ec
iauanoaaiiiai niciaiey oaeeaeoaeueii auno?i. Iio?aaiaaeinue anaai
ianeieueei eao aeey oiai, /oiau o aieueoeinoaa ?inneyi noi?ie?iaaeinue
noieeia ioa?auaiea e caiaaeiui oeeueiai, eieaai e ia?aco aeecie, /oiau
iiyaeeinue iiieiaiea, e i?eia?o, oaeie i?inoie, ii aaaeiie enoeiu, /oi
i?iaeoeou ieoaiey o ian ai?acaei aieaa aunieiai ea/anoaa, /ai a ethaie
caiaaeiie no?aia, e /oi yoi aiana ia neo/aeii… Aeaaiia, naaiaeiy
iiyaeeinue aieaa c?aeia i?aaenoaaeaiea i n?aaieoaeueiuo aeinoieinoaao e
iaaeinoaoeao nioeeaeenoe/aneiai e eaieoaeenoe/aneiai oeeaaeia aeecie. A
?innee aua iiiaea no?aiyony eiaoue oaeie o?iaaiue iaoa?eaeueiiai
aeinoaoea, eae aeeoaee eaieoaeenoe/aneeo no?ai, ii oaea aieueoeinoai ian
oa?aoaaony io eo i?aaeaeueii ieceiai o?iaiy aeooiaiie
oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoe, eiaaea ii?iie /aeiaa/aneeo ioiioaiee yaeyaony ia
ioe?uoinoue, /anoiinoue e acaeiiiiiiuue, a eiaeue, i?aaeaoaeuenoai e
aani?aaeaeueiia iaeeii/anoai… A aaaeue ia Caiaaea oae – anthaeo, ia
oieueei ia neoaeaa, ii e a naiueyo.

Aunieay e ?aaeueiay oeaeue – aeaeaaoaeue

nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai i?ia?anna

AEeciue i?iaa?eea i?aeoeeie oai?aoe/aneea iino?iaiey i?oiaeienaeueiuo
noi?iiieeia eaieoaeenoe/aneiai e nioeeaeenoe/aneiai iauanoaaiiiai
ono?ienoaa. Ia ?oaaaea neaaeothuaai noieaoey e ouny/aeaoey, ia?yaeo n
o?aaeeoeeiiiui aeiiey?iui (aeaooiiethniui) acaeyaeii, naienoaaiiui
iniiaiie ianna iieeoe/aneeo iauaaoaeae, anoanoaaiiui ia?acii iiyaeyaony
o?aouea iai?aaeaiea ia?niaeoeaiiai ?acaeoey iauanoaa, aiciiaeiinoue
?aaeecaoeee eioi?iai niciaaony iiea aua iaiiiai/eneaiiuie a?oiiaie
nioeeaeueii aeoeaiuo a?aaeaeai. Iniuneaiea i?ioeiai caeiiiia?ii noaaeo
aii?in: aiciiaeii ee, a i?eioeeia, nicaeaiea iauanoaa, a eioi?ii
aaniethoiiio aieueoeinoao a?aaeaeai aeinooiai aunieee o?iaaiue
oaeiaeaoai?aiey eae iaoa?eaeueiuo, oae e aeooiaiuo iio?aaiinoae?
Nia?aiaiiay iaoea ioaa/aao ia iinoaaeaiiue aii?in neaaeothuei ia?acii:
oaeia ni/aoaiea aiciiaeii, ii oieueei ia a iauanoaa aieinoaothuaai
eiaeeaeaeoaeecia.

A?yaeouee aae e ouny/aeaoea o?aaotho i?iyniaiey iiaie aeiaaeueiie
nioeeaeueiie eaeae. Iiaouanoai /aeiaaea, iaaa?iyoii au?inoaa a OO aaea e
i?iaeieaeathuaa oaaee/eaaoueny eieinnaeueiuie oaiiaie, a neaaeothuai
noieaoee aoaeao aua aieaa aic?anoaoue a i?ioeanna eioi?iaoeeiiiie
?aaiethoeee.

A iiaii ouny/aeaoee /aeiaa/anoai a?yae ee niiaeao eniieueciaaoue a
ea/anoaa aeaeaaoaey i?ia?anna eeoue iaeio ec aeaoo, ioaeaeueii acyooth,
aaeeeoth eaeath: Eaeath Ni?aaaaeeeainoe eee Eaeath Naiaiaeu. Nei?aa
anaai aeiaaeueiie eaeaae neaaeothuaai aaea noaiao eaeay Aa?iiiee, oi
anoue ?acoiiiai ni/aoaiey a iauanoaaiiie i?aeoeea eaeae Nioeeaeueiie
Ni?aaaaeeeainoe e Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie Naiaiaeu.

A ni?aaiiaaiee aeaoo nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo nenoai, a oa/aiea ii/oe
oeaeiai noieaoey, iniiaiuie i?eciaaaeenue e?eoa?ee yooaeoeaiinoe
iaoa?eaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa e o?iaiy i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea.
Naaiaeiy yoe oa?aeoa?enoeee oo?a/eaatho ea/anoaa aeaaiuo i?eaioe?ia a
?acaeoee iauanoaa, e ia oieueei iioiio, /oi “ia oeaaii aaeeiui aeea
/aeiaae”. ?acaeoea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee a aieueoeinoaa oeeaeeeciaaiiuo
no?ai naeaeaei niaa?oaiii ?aaeueiui oaeiaeaoai?aiea anao ?acoiiuo
iaoa?eaeueiuo iio?aaiinoae anao /eaiia iauanoaa.

Iaeiaei ooiaeyuee aae iiea ia nicaeae yooaeoeaiuo oaoiieiaee
oaeiaeaoai?aiey aunoeo aeooiaiuo iio?aaiinoae ethaeae. Yoa caaea/a
yaeony iaeiie ec aeaaiuo nioeeaeueiuo i?iaeai /aeiaa/anoaa OOI aaea. E
?anniio?aieth e ?ac?aaioea aeaiiie i?iaeaiu iieeoieiae iiea aeaaea e ia
i?enooiaee.

I?aaenoaaeoaee ineoieiae/aneie iaoee, a ioee/ea io eaeaaeenoia ethauo
iooaieia, /aoei auaeaeyao /aou?a ?aaeueiua aaaeouea aeooiaiua
iio?aaiinoe /aeiaaea:

1. Iio?aaiinoue aeeooa?aioeeaoeee – auoue eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoueth,
iaiioiaeei ia ae?oaeo, aaeeinoaaiiui a naiai ?iaea /aeiaaeii.

2. Iio?aaiinoue eaeaioeoeeaoeee e eioaa?aoeee – no?aieaiea
iauaaeeiyoueny n ae?oaeie ethaeueie a niiauanoaa (naiuey, ae?oaeaneay
eiiiaiey, i?iecaiaenoaaiiue eieeaeoea, nioeeaeueiue neie eee eeann,
ainoaea?noai, /aeiaa/anoai) aeey aeinoeaeaiey iaeneiaeueiie
oaeiaeaoai?aiiinoe aeeciueth ia iniiaa acaeiiaeiiieiaiey aiciiaeiinoae
iaiiaoi?eiuo ee/iinoae ni naienoaaiiuie ei aeinoieinoaaie, niiniaiinoyie
e oaeaioaie.

3. Iio?aaiinoue naiiau?aaeaiey e nioeeaeueiie yeniainee – oniaoiie
?aaeecaoeee /aeiaaeii i?eiyouo ia naay ?ieae. Iaeneiaeueiay oniaoiinoue
?aaeecaoeee yoie iio?aaiinoe iicaieyao aio naieie aeaeaie inoaoueny a
iaiyoe iioiieia.

?ieue noi?oaa, iaoa?e, iooea, ae?oaa, ii?yaei/iiai /aeiaaea,
niaoeeaeenoa, aeinoieiiai a?aaeaeaieia – aio eeoue iaiiiaea ec iaeaieaa
aaaeiuo ?ieaauo i?eoycaiee ethaeae, aeeaoueo a eiioea OO aaea. Inaiaiea
nioeeaeueiuo ?ieae – i?eciae c?aeinoe /aeiaaea, oniaoiinoe ieii/aiey ei
ia/aeueiie oeieu aeecie. Aaaeii nua?aoue aua?aiiua ?iee aeanoyua!
Iaa?aaeie aeinoeaoei yoie oeaee yaeyaony iuouaiea n/anoeeai i?iaeeoie
aeecie, ethaiaue e oaaaeaiea ie?oaeathueo. Eiiaaea yoi i?eciaiea e
oaaaeaiea anaai iauanoaa…

4. Iio?aaiinoue iiciaiey – anoanoaaiiia aeaeaiea eaaeaeiai /aeiaaea
iiieiaoue iniiaiua iioeau iiaaaeaiey e aeaaiua oeaee aeecie, a oaeaea
caeiiu aeecie iauanoaa. Ionoonoaea oaeiai iiieiaiey i?eaiaeeo e
o?aae/aneei ianiaiaaeaieyi oiai, /oi iu aeaeai io ie?oaeathueo (e io
/eaiia naiuee, e io ae?ocae, e io iieeoeeia), e oiai, /oi ?aaeueii
i?ienoiaeeo a aeecie. Oaeiaeaoai?eoue yoo iio?aaiinoue aei eiioea
iaaiciiaeii, eai yoi ?aaiineeueii iiciaieth anao caeiiia Anaeaiiie,
iiieiaieth eiia/iiai caiunea Aiaa. Iaeiaei nioeeaeueiua iaoee –
ineoieiaey, nioeeieiaey, yeiiiieea, oeeinioey e o.i., – ia?yaeo n
iaeiieaieai eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai aeeciaiiiai iiuoa, iiaoo iaiaei aeaoue
/aeiaaeo, no?aiyuaiony e iaeneiaeueiiio oaeiaeaoai?aieth iio?aaiinoe
iiciaiey.

Iiiaea oooo?ieiae, iieeoieiae, ineoieiae n/eoatho, /oi ethaee, eioi?ua
no?aiyony e aeoaieiio oaeiaeaoai?aieth ?acaeouo aeooiaiuo iio?aaiinoae,
ninoaayo iniiao iauanoaa OOI aaea. N/eoaaony aanueia aa?iyoiui, /oi a
eaaeaeie oeeaeeeciaaiiie no?aia aeey ethaiai a?aaeaeaieia nei?i ia
aoaeao i?iaeaiu a oaeiaeaoai?aiee iniiaiuo iaoa?eaeueiuo iio?aaiinoae,
oi anoue a oii, /oiau aeinuoa anoue, i?eee/ii iaeaaaoueny, eiaoue
eiioi?oaaaeueiue aeii e oaeiaiua e aeinooiiua o?ainii?oiua n?aaenoaa. Ii
eae naaiaeiy, oae e a ia/aea o?aoueaai ouny/aeaoey /aeiaaeo,
no?aiyuaiony i?iaeeoue aeeciue niieia, aoaeao i/aiue iai?inoi aeiaeoueny
aeoaieiai oaaaeaiey e ethaae ie?oaeathueo aai ethaeae, a?aaeaeai naiaai
iauanoaa, aeinoe/ue aunio a iaoea, eneonnoaa, i?aaiecaoeee
i?iecaiaenoaa, a ae?oaeo aeaeao oai?/anoaa…

Eiiaa?aaioeey – aeueoa?iaoeaa acaeiiiio oie/oiaeaieth

A yiioo thiiai, iaeaii-aeiaiaoe/aneiai nioeeaeecia i?e yenieoaoaoeee
aeaaiuo noeioeia nioeeaeenoe/aneie nenoaiu – niciaoaeueiinoe e
aeooiaiinoe /eaiia iauanoaa – a eiioea OO aaea aue aeinoeaioo i?aaeae,
eiaaea aiciiaeiinoae aeey aeooiaiiai niaa?oainoaiaaiey auei a aeinoaoea,
a aio n oeaaii ianouiui – aicieeee i?iaeaiu. *aeiaae, e niaeaeaieth, ia
aeoo aanieioiue…

“C?aeue” eaieoaeeci, i?eia?ii a oio aea enoi?e/aneee ia?eiae a?aiaie,
oiaea “aeioae aei oii?a” a eniieueciaaiee naieo noeioeia ?acaeoey
iauanoaa. A eiioea aaea a ?acaeouo eaieoaeenoe/aneeo no?aiao i?inoua
iaoa?eaeueiua iio?aaiinoe auee oaeiaeaoai?aiu ia oieueei o aiaaouo
ethaeae (nianoaaiieeia), ii e o eeoe, ?aaioathueo ii iaeio. Oaea ia
i?ioyaeaiee ?yaea eao ia?aae ?oeiaiaeeoaeyie caiaaeiuo no?ai noieo
aii?in noeioee?iaaiey ia noieueei i?iecaiaenoaa, neieueei iio?aaeaiey
i?iecaaaeaiiuo iaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa… N aeooiaiuie aeaaaie ia Caiaaea –
iieiaeaiea eaoano?ioe/aneia; yoi i?eciatho ia oieueei ia?aaeiaua
aeayoaee caiaaeiie eoeueoo?u, iaoee, niaoeeaeenou a iaeanoe nioeeaeueiuo
iaoe, ii e naie aiieiaaou caiaaeiiai ia?aca aeecie.

Iai?aaeacyoue ?ao?iniaeoeaiue aiaeec nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie
neooaoeee ieioaoaai aaea naeaeaoaeuenoaoao: nioeeaeenoe/aneay
i?aaiecaoeey iauanoaa iieacaea i?eioeeieaeueii aieaa aunieee iioaioeeae
oaeiaeaoai?aiey aeooiaiuo iio?aaiinoae /aeiaaea, eaieoaeenoe/aneay –
iaoa?eaeueiuo.

I?eciaiea yoiai oaeoa caeiiiia?ii noaaeo aii?in: aiciiaeii ee
niaaeeieoue aeinoieinoaa aeaoo iniiaiuo nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo
oi?iaoeee aeaaaeoeaoiai aaea, iaeiia?aiaiii ono?aiea eo aeaaiua
iaaeinoaoee? Aiciiaeii ee, iaeiiaoe, aiieioeoue a aeeciue ?iciaoth ia/oo
iieeoe/aneeo iauaaoaeae auaoeo nioeeaeenoe/aneeo no?ai: “Oiaa?ia – eae
nae/an! Ni?aaaaeeeainoe – eae oiaaea!..” *oi noaiao anei?a “naaoeui
aoaeouei” /aeiaa/anoaa – aaoi?eoa?iue nioeeaeeci eee eeaa?aeueiue
eaieoaeeci ?

Iaoa?eaeenoe/aneay aeeaeaeoeea e aa nia?aiaiiia iao/iia aiieiuaiea –
nenoaiiue iiaeoiae – iicaieytho i?iaiice?iaaoue aeaa iniiaiuo aa?eaioa
?acaeoey. Ia?aue – acaeiiia oie/oiaeaiea, eioi?ia eacaeinue aeinoaoi/ii
aa?iyoiui aua 15 – 20 eao iacaae. Naaiaeiy yoa aiciiaeiinoue, a ea/anoaa
na?ueaciiai aa?eaioa, ia ?anniao?eaaaony i?aeoe/anee ieeai ec iieeoeeia
e iauanoaiaaaeia. Aoi?ie aiciiaeiue aa?eaio ?acaeoey – neioac,
eiiaa?aaioeey noi?ie?iaaaoeony a nioeeaeueiie i?aeoeea aeeaeaeoe/anee
i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo aa?eaioia nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie i?aaiecaoeee
iauanoaa.

Eaeay eiiaa?aaioeee, auaeaeiooay a na?aaeeia aaea I.Ni?ieeiui,
E.Ayea?aeoii e ae?oaeie i?aaenoaaeoaeyie nioeeaeueiuo iaoe, oaea ai
iiiaii aiieiuaia a aeeciue. I?iecioei yoi ia noieueei ii noauaeoeaiui
iioeaai iiaaaeaiey oao eee eiuo iieeoeeia, neieueei iiae aeaaeaieai
iauaeoeaiuo ?aaeee yeiiiie/aneie e nioeeaeueiie aeecie.

Oaeei ia?acii, iniiaiui niaea?aeaieai nioeeaeueiuo ia?aiai nia?aiaiiie
yiioe yaeyaony i?ioeann eiiaa?aaioeee, niaaeeiaiey iieiaeeoaeueiuo
noi?ii aeecie aeaoo iniiaiuo nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo nenoai OO
noieaoey – eaieoaeecia e nioeeaeecia, iaeiia?aiaiii n ioeacii io
auyaeaiiuo nioeeaeueiie i?aeoeeie iaaaoeaiuo iniaaiiinoae eo
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey.

Yoio i?ioeann i?ienoiaeeo ia oiia i?iaeieaeathueony ?aaiethoeeiiiuo
ia?aiai a oaoiieiaeyo iaoa?eaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, a oaeaea a oneiaeyo
yiioaeueiuo ia?aiai a iaeanoe eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee, naycaiiuo n
nicaeaieai aaeeiuo ie?iauo eiiiuethoa?iuo naoae.

O/eouaay i?eioeeieaeueiia cia/aiea auaiaea ia en/a?iaiiinoe iniiaiuo
eaeaieiaee XIX – XX aaea, i?aa?aoeaoeony a “oieiaeiue ia?”, naaiaeiy
e?oiiui ia?oeyi e iieeoeeai (eaaie, i?aaie, oeaio?enoneie i?eaioaoeee)
ia ?aciiii o?aaiaaoue io aiaaaee?iaaiiuo eie oai?aoeeia ona?aeey a
ionoaeaaiee ioaeaeueiuo, ia?anoaaoeo niioaaonoaiaaoue o?aaiaaieyi iiaiai
a?aiaie, aeiaiaoia i?oiaeienaeueiie aa?u (eiiioienoe/aneie,
eeaa?aeueiie, nioeeae-aeaiie?aoe/aneie, eeaa?ae-aeaiie?aoe/aneie) iiae
oeaaii “ai?ueau n ?aaeceiieciii”.

Naaiaeiyoiae ?inneeneie iiiiceoeee, eioi?ie ianiiiaiii i?eiaaeeaaeeo
aoaeouaa, oai?aoeeai “?inneeneiai iooe ?acaeoey”, iaiaoiaeeii
iauaaeeieoue oneeey a oai?/aneii ?acaeoee iai?aoiaeyueo oeaiiinoae
nioeeaeenoe/aneiai o/aiey, a ?ac?aaioea iiauo oaoiieiaee nicaeaiey
iauanoaa nioeeaeueiie ni?aaaaeeeainoe e aa?iiiee. Ioa?anuaaiea
io?aaioaaoeo naia a?aiy oai?aoe/aneeo /anoiinoae, ioeac io aaciaaeaaeii
onoa?aaoeo aeiaiaoia aa?u – ioe?uaaao aei?iao e “iioeienoe/aneei”
noeaia?eyi ?acaeoey iauanoaa, iicaieyao n o/aoii i?aeoeee, iiaeneacie
aeecie ii-iiaiio ?annoaaeoue aeoeaiou a ?aaeecaoeee aaciauo oeaeae eaauo
e eaaioeaio?enoneeo ia?oee ?inneeneiai iauanoaa, nooue eioi?uo iiaeao
auoue noi?ioee?iaaia eae aeinoeaeaiea aa?iiie/iiai nithca aeaoo
eiio?ioe?iaaaoeo ia i?ioyaeaiee aaea eaeae: Ni?aaaaeeeainoe e Naiaiaeu.

Iiiaea iuiaoiea aaia?aeu e ia enii?/aiiua na?ueaciui ia?aciaaieai
iieeoeee aua ethayo cayaeoue ia ethaeyo, /oi “nioeeaeeci iaaiciiaeai,
eai aei neo ii? ii ia iieo/eeny ieaaea”. A aaaeue ana yoe oieoaiiua
ethaee eiaaea-oi o/eeenue a n?aaeiae oeiea, e o/eoaey aaeaeaeeaaee a eo,
oaia?ue oaea aeanoyuea, aieiau eioi?iaoeeth i oii, /oi a inaiaiee
aicaeooiie noeoee (io aea?ceiai iiuoa Eea?a – aei iieaoia eaai/ieeia a
ioione ay?iaonii) i?ioei iaiaei a?aiaie, auea i?aaei?eiyoa ia iaeia e ia
aeaa iaoaea/iua iiiuoee iao/eoue /aeiaaea eaoaoue…

II. I N I I A I U A C A Ae A * E

?INNEENEIAI IAUANOAA A YEIIIIE*ANEIE,

NIOeEAEUeIIE E IIEEOE*ANEIE NOA?AO

Aeeaeaeoeea nioeeaeueiie aeecie. Eiieo?aioiue nioeeaeeci.

Iauaeoeaiiio aiaeeco aeinoieinoa e iaaeinoaoeia aeaoo iniiaiuo
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo oi?iaoeee OO noieaoey na?ueacii iaoatho
aeoaiei onoa?aaoea, ii aanueia ?ani?ino?aiaiiua ooaiiu ianniaiai
niciaiey, a iniiaa eioi?uo eaaeeo i?aaenoaaeaiea i ?uii/iie i?aaiecaoeee
yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee a iauanoaa eae i aeaaiii i?eciaea
eaieoaeenoe/aneie oi?iaoeee, n iaeiie noi?iiu; n ae?oaie – i
ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe ia n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa – eae i
aaaeiaeoai i?eciaea nioeeaeecia.

Aieiaoaeueiia ?anniio?aiea aii?ina iieacuaaao, /oi iniiaiui i?eciaeii
?uii/iuo ioiioaiee yaeyaony ionoonoaea i?eioaeeoaeueiiai,
caieaie?iaaiiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey i?iecaaaeaiiiai i?iaeoeoa n?aaee
iio?aaeoaeae, oi anoue ieaiiaiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey i?iecaaaeaiiuo
iaoa?eaeueiuo ?ano?nia. I?iecaiaeeoaee oiaa?ia, ia eiay io ainoaea?noaa
aa?aioee nauoa naiae i?iaeoeoeee, auioaeaeaiu eiieo?e?iaaoue iaaeaeo
niaie, a oii /enea iinoiyiii oeo/oaoue iio?aaeoaeueneea ea/anoaa oiaa?ia
e oneoa. Aeaaiia i?aeiouanoai eaieoaeenoe/aneiai iauanoaa a ?acaeoee
iaoa?eaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa ninoiyei a aeaenoaee iaoaiecia
eiieo?aioeee, eioi?ue auoaniyao i?iecaiaeeoaeae neeoeii aei?iaie eee
iaea/anoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee.

Iaeiaei /anoiay nianoaaiiinoue ia n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa ia yaeyaony,
eae yoi iuoaeenue ooaa?aeaeaoue eaeaieiae ?inneeneeo ?uii/iuo ?aoi?i, ie
aeaaiui, ie iaiaoiaeeiui oneiaeai ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee
oiaa?ii?iecaiaeeoaeae. ?uiie anaai eeoue aioeiiae
ieaiiai-?ani?aaeaeeoaeueiie i?aaiecaoeee yeiiiieee, eiaaea aa?aoue ia
oi, /oi oioaeinue au, a oi, /oi aeatho; i?iecaiaeeoue ia oi, /oi iia au,
a oi, /oi aaeyo (ii naiaio oniio?aieth) /eiiaieee, ioaa/athuea ca
ieaie?iaaiea i?iecaiaenoaa.

Eaieoaeeci iaaiciiaeai aac /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe ia n?aaenoaa
i?iecaiaenoaa, eai iia yaeyaony aeaaiie i?aaeiinueeie aeey yenieoaoaoeee
/aeiaaea /aeiaaeii e nioeeaeueiiai ia?aceoecia, iniiaaiiiai ia
i?enaiaiee i?eaaai/iie noieiinoe iaiueoeinoaii, ia?ooaieai i?eioeeia
nioeeaeueiie ni?aaaaeeeainoe.

Iaeiaei /anoiay nianoaaiiinoue ia n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa e caieth
iiyaeeanue caaeieai aei aicieeiiaaiey eaieoaeenoe/aneeo ioiioaiee. Aieaa
oiai, oaeaeueiue aan e?oiiie eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie (oi anoue ia
aeoeeiia?iie, ia eieeaeoeaiie), enoeiiie /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe aue
cia/eoaeueii auoa a ?aaiaeaaeaeue/aneii e oaiaeaeueiii, a ia a
ao?aeoaciii iauanoaa (iniaaiii ia iicaeieo yoaiao ?acaeoey
eaieoaeenoe/aneie oi?iaoeee).

A naith i/a?aaeue, nioeeaeeci iaaiciiaeai aac io?eoeaiey yenieoaoaoeee,
oi anoue ii caeiiiia?ii io?eoeaao e?oiioth /anoioth nianoaaiiinoue ia
n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa, ii ia io?eoeaao, a i?eioeeia, ?uiea,
eiieo?aioeee oiaa?ii?iecaiaeeoaeae e ia io?eoeaao eieeaeoeaiie
(iaainoaea?noaaiiie) nianoaaiiinoe. Iniiaiie yeiiiie/aneee i?eciae
nioeeaeecia ninoieo ia a oioaeueiii ieaie?iaaiee (ieaie?iaaiea
i?iecaiaenoaa e nauoa iaiaoiaeeii a ?acoiiuo i?aaeaeao), a a cai?aoa
yenieoaoaoeee /aeiaaea /aeiaaeii. Iaoaieci cai?aoa ninoieo a
i?eioeeieaeueiii ioeaca iauanoaa io eaeae i?aaiii/iinoe /anoiiai
aeaaeaiey eieeaeoeaii nicaeaiiuie n?aaenoaaie i?iecaiaenoaa.

I?aiaeaaeaiea ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe ia n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa,
eacaaoaany a ia/aea noieaoey anoanoaaiiui, iinoiyiiui e iaecaaaeiui
oneiaeai nio?aiaiey nioeeaeenoe/aneeo ioiioaiee a iauanoaa, ieacaeinue
i?eciaeii a?aiaiiui e i?aoiaeyuei. Oi, /oi auei iaecaaaeii a
iaa?aiioiie, yeiiiie/anee ia?acaeoie no?aia, noaei na?ueaciie iiiaoie
aeey aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey yeiiiieee a auniei ia?aciaaiiii iauanoaa n
iiao/ei i?iecaiaenoaaiiui iioaioeeaeii, yoi aea ianoiyoaeuenoai auei
aeaaiie i?e/eiie ionoaaaiey nioeeaeenoe/aneeo no?ai io eaieoaeenoe/aneeo
a noa?a iaoa?eaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa. AEeciue aua ?ac
i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaea iainii?eiinoue caeiiia aeeaeaeoeee.

N?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec aeeyiey ia yeiiiie/aneia ?acaeoea ainoaea?noa
ecauoi/iiai oaeaeueiiai aana ainoaea?noaaiiie eee /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe
aeaao ia?aaeienaeueiue, ia ia?aue acaeyae, auaiae. Aeeyiea ia o?iaaiue
aeecie ianaeaiey, eacaeinue au, aeeaiao?aeueii i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo
iiaeoiaeia a yeiiiie/aneie iieeoeea – iaee/ea oieueei /anoiie eee
oieueei ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe – noiaeii a naieo iaaaoeaiuo
iineaaenoaeyo. Iaeiaei, n iiceoeee ineoieiaee iioeioia, oaeia noiaenoai
?acoeueoaoia – aiieia caeiiiia?ii. E a oii, e a ae?oaii neo/aa
i?aaiecaoeey i?iecaiaenoaa e auoaeathuaa ec iaa eae ?acoeueoao ea/anoai
aeecie ethaeae, o/anoaothueo a yeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, caaenyo io
aiee (a ai iiiaeo neo/ayo e i?iecaiea) ioaeaeueiiai eeoea,
iaiiaeeiio?ieueiiai nioeeoio /eiiaieea eee yaienoe/iiai nianoaaiieea.

?acaeoea ooieoeee oi?aaeaiey.

Oaoiieiae/aneia, yeiiiie/aneia, aaeieieno?aoeaiia,

yeieiae/aneia e nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneia oi?aaeaiea

A niioaaonoaee n caeiiaie eeaa?iaoeee, iienuaathueie oieaa?naeueiua
i?eioeeiu oi?aaeaiey, ionoonoaea yooaeoeaiie ia?aoiie nayce iaaeaeo
oi?aaeythuei (nianoaaiieeii – i?e eaieoaeecia, ainoaea?noaaiiui
/eiiaieeii – i?e ?aiiai nioeeaeecia) e eniieieoaeyie (iaaiiuie
?aaioieeaie ia /anoiii eee ainoaea?noaaiiii i?aaei?eyoee) ?acei nieaeaao
yooaeoeaiinoue aeayoaeueiinoe anae nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu; ai
iiiaeo neo/ayo oi?aaeaiea i?aa?auaaony a i?iecaie ?oeiaiaeeoaey,
naiioi?aanoai, aaea eaii?e?oaony aaeain eioa?ania ?acee/iuo nioeeaeueiuo
a?oii e, neaaeiaaoaeueii, onoie/eainoue ?acaeoey nioeeaeueiiai
i?aaiecia. Ia oae oae aaaeii, eai inouanoaeyaony yoio
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneee i?iecaie – ainoaea?noaaiiui ee /eiiaieeii,
/anoiui ee nianoaaiieeii – yoi oaea aii?in aoi?inoaiaiiue. ?acoeueoao
ieacuaaaony noiaeiui, eai eioa?anu ioaeaeueiiai eeoea, oi?aaeythuaai
i?iecaiaenoaii, iauaeoeaii i?eoiaeyo a i?ioeai?a/ea n iauanoaaiiuie
eioa?anaie.

E niaeaeaieth, iiiaea oi?aaeaioeu (iieeoeee e aecianiaiu) iiieiatho
aeanoue eae i?eieoeaioth oi?io oi?aaeaiey, oi anoue eae aiciiaeiinoue
i?eieiaoue oi?aaeai/aneea ?aoaiey ii nianoaaiiie i?eoioe, ia n/eoaynue,
i?aeoe/anee, ie n eai e ie n /ai. Oaeay oi?ia iiaaaeaiey, iaeiaei,
aiciiaeia eeoue i?e ecauoea ?ano?nia. Yiioa ecauoi/iuo ?ano?nia, eae
ecaanoii, aeaaii eaioea a Eaoo. Nia?aiaiiue oi?aaeaiaoe, io i?aceaeaioa
aei ianoa?a ia i?iecaiaenoaa, eiaao naiaiaeo i?eiyoey ?aoaiee i?eia?ii a
oaeii aea aeeaiaciia, eae aeeniao/a? e?oiiiai ay?iii?oa eee
aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai ocea. Iioeiaeueiuo ?aoaiee – iaiiiai. ?aoaiey,
i?eiyoua ii i?eioeeio: “ss oae oi/o” – /aua anaai aaaeoo e eaoano?ioa.

Nia?aiaiiay yiioa oa?aeoa?ecoaony ana aieueoae noaiaiueth
o?ainoi?iaoeee aeanoe a i?ioanneiiaeueiia oi?aaeaiea. I?ioanney
oi?aaeythuaai noaiiaeony iaeiie ec iiiaeo nia?aiaiiuo i?ioannee, oaea ia
caieiathuae aeiieie?othuaai iieiaeaiey n?aaee nienea nioeeaeueiuo ?ieae,
e aeinooiia anyeiio /aeiaaeo, aeeaouaio a iauanoaa.

Iieeoeea, yeiiiieea, i?iecaiaenoai ia?anoatho auoue iiaeoiaeyuae a?aiie
aeey naiiaeo?ia. Eaeia-oi a?aiy iie aua niiaoo ecia?aaeaoue ec naay
aeanoeoaeae a naiueyo e iaoi?iaeueiuo a?oiiao, iauaaeeiaieyo (a?iaea
iieiaeaaeiuo ooniaie, aiaaiiuo a?oii, ?aeeaeiciuo naeo). Ii oa?aiiaie,
eiia ?aoi?aie e eiycueyie, iiaaeaaathueie ethaeueie, ?aoathueie aii?inu
aeecie e nia?oe, iie oaea ieeiaaea ia noaioo. Naaiaeiy iie oaea ia
no?aoiu, a niaoiu…

Aiaeece?oy caeiiiia?iinoe o?ainoi?iaoeee oi?i nianoaaiiinoe a oiaea
nioeeaeueiie yaiethoeee, /?acau/aeii aaaeii ia oionoeoue ec aeaeo oi
ianoiyoaeuenoai, /oi ia ?aiieo noaaeeyo nioeeaeueii – yeiiiie/aneiai
?acaeoey /aeiaa/aneiai iauanoaa inouanoaeoue oi?aaeaiea i?iecaiaenoaii
aac i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe i?aeoe/anee iaaiciiaeii; neaaeiaaoaeueii,
/anoiay nianoaaiiinoue auea iauaeoeaii iaiaoiaeeia. Aeanoue,
nianoaaiiinoue e oi?aaeaiea auee neeou aiaaeeii e iaoiaeeeenue a ?oeao
/aeiaaea, inouanoaeyaoaai oi?aaeaiea i?iecaiaenoaii. Oaeea nioeeaeueiua
ecaea?aeee, eae yenieoaoaoeey /aeiaaea /aeiaaeii e nioeeaeueiay
iani?aaaaeeeainoue, ii?iaeaeaaiua /anoiie nianoaaiiinoueth, aei ii?u aei
a?aiaie yaeythony ioiineoaeueii i?eaieaiie oeaiie ca aaeeinoaaiii
aiciiaeioth a oo yiioo oi?io i?aaiecaoeee e?oiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa.
I?ioeaiiinoaaeoue a oi a?aiy eaieoaeenoe/aneie iaiooaeoo?a iiaeii auei
oieueei eeoue iaeii?iecaiaeeoaeueiue o?oae eonoa?ae-?aian /aeiaa/aneiai
eaiieeia.

A iiaoth yiioo, a ioee/ea io a?aiai ?aiiaai eaieoaeecia, ?acaeaeaiea
ooieoeee oi?aaeaiey oaoiieiaeyie (i?iecaiaenoai), n iaeiie noi?iiu, e
oi?aaeaiey nicaeaiiuie a oiaea i?iecaiaenoaa oeaiiinoyie (yeiiiieea) – n
ae?oaie, – noaei iaecaaaeiui.

Nouanoaoao ianeieueei iniiaiuo i?e/ei ?acaeaeaiey aaeeiie a i?ioeii
ooieoeee oi?aaeaiey.

I?aaeaea anaai, yoi – ?acaeoea e oneiaeiaiea ioaeaeueiuo oi?aaeai/aneeo
ooieoeee, eioi?ia iio?aaiaaei aeoaieie niaoeeaeecaoeee o?oaea
oi?aaeaioeaa e naeaeaei o?oaeiie, a /aua iaaiciiaeiie, aeinoaoi/ioth
eiiiaoaioiinoue iaeiiai /aeiaaea e a iaeanoe i?iecaiaenoaa, e a iaeanoe
yeiiiieee.

Ai-aoi?uo. I?aeiouanoaaiiay i?eaioaoeey oi?aaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaii ia
o?aaeeoeeiiiue iieacaoaeue iaeneiaeueiie i?eauee aioea a i?ioeai?a/ea n
eioa?anaie iauanoaa.

Aicieeee ino?ua i?iaeaiu oaoiiaaiiuo aeeyiee ia n?aaeo iaeoaiey
(yeieiae/aneea ia?aie/aiey aiciiaeiinoae aeinoa?u), i?iaeaiu
iaoaea?aeeiiai ?inoa i?iecaiaenoaa oiaa?ia, ?ac?ooathueo iauanoai e
/aeiaaea, – i?oaeea, ia?eioeee, aeeiaieue e o.i., oi anoue ia?aie/aiey,
iaeaaaaiua nioeeaeueiie yeieiaeae.

A-o?aoueeo. Ianno i?ioeai?a/ee, iniaaiii iaaeaeo aiaaouie e aaaeiuie
no?aiaie ie?a, ii?iaeaeaao i?iecaiaenoai oiaa?ia, ia yaeythueony
iaiaoiaeeiuie, ii enoiuathueie iaaiciaiiaeyaiua iaoa?eaeueiua
?ano?nu. “Cieioie ieeeea?ae” – ianaeaiea aiaaouo no?ai ie?a –
eniiaaaeoao eaeath “ianniaiai iio?aaeaiey”. Ia i?aeoeea aea yoi icia/aao
auea/eaaiea ?ano?nia ec aaaeiuo no?ai e aica?auaiea ei, a ea/anoaa
“ieaou”, a?aaeiuo iooiaeia i?iecaiaenoaa e ieceiea/anoaaiiuo oiaa?ia.
Iiiuoea aaaeiuo no?ai aeiaiaoue aiaaoua ii o?iaith aeecie iaiiieiaao
no?aieaiea i?eaeeceoueny e ai?eciioo ca n/ao iinoiyiiiai oaaee/aiey
nei?inoe aeaeaeaiey, i?eaiaeyuaai ia e aeaeaaiiio ?acoeueoaoo, a e
enoiuaieth nee.

Auoaia?a/eneaiiua i?iaeaiu iinoaaeee ia iiaanoeo aeiy aii?in i
auaeaeaiee, ia?yaeo n oaoiieiaaie e yeiiiienoaie, aua iaeiiai neiy
oi?aaeaioeaa – nioeeaeueiuo oi?aaeythueo. E iei naaiaeiy ioiinyony,
ai-ia?auo, i?aaenoaaeoaee yeieiae/aneeo aaaeiinoa, eiio?iee?othueo
?aaiiaanea iaaeaeo iio?aaiinoyie iauanoaa e ?ano?naie n?aaeu; ai-aoi?uo,
niaoeeaeenou a iaeanoe nioeeaeueiuo ioiioaiee, auai?iua i?aaiu aeanoe e
i?ionithcu, niaeaenoaothuea aeinoeaeaieth niaeaney iaaeaeo nioeeaeueiuie
neiyie e a?oiiaie; a-o?aoueeo, iaaeaeoia?iaeiua i?aaiecaoeee,
au?aaaouaathuea i?aaeea nio?aiaiey aaeaina eioa?ania iaaeaeo ?acee/iuie
?aaeiiaie ie?a e no?aiaie.

Nianoaaiiee i?aaei?eyoey, iniaaiii e?oiiiai, ?aaeueii naaiaeiy oaea ia
niiniaai aaeeiiee/ii iaania/eoue oi?aaeaiea oaoiieiae/aneeie,
yeiiiie/aneeie, yeieiae/aneeie e nioeeaeueiuie eiiiiiaioaie
i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe. E?oiiay /anoiay nianoaaiiinoue e
auoaeathuay ec iaa aaniethoiay aeanoue nianoaaiieea noaee oi?iicii aeey
?acaeoey iaoa?eaeueiie e nioeeaeueiie noa? aeecie iauanoaa.

Iiyoiio iaeiie ec aaaeiaeoeo iniaaiiinoae ?acaeoey caiaaeiiai ie?a a
iineaaeiea aeanyoeeaoey yaeeinue eciaiaiea oi?iu nianoaaiiinoe ia
n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa. Ana aieueoaa eiee/anoai e?oiiuo i?aaei?eyoee e
i?aaiecaoeee noaiiayony eieeaeoeaiie nianoaaiiinoueth – a aeaea
eiiia?aoeaiuo e aeoeeiia?iuo eee a aeaea ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee.
Ia ?oaaaea 90-o aiaeia no?aiu nioeeaeecia oaeaea auee auioaeaeaiu
ioeacaoueny io aaniethoiiai aeiieie?iaaiey ainoaea?noaaiiie
nianoaaiiinoe, aaanoe a yeiiiie/aneoth i?aeoeeo /anoioth e eieeaeoeaioth
oi?iu nianoaaiiinoe. A yoii aii?ina naeeaeaiea yeiiiie/aneie
i?aaiecaoeee aeaoo nioeeaeueiuo nenoai – ianiiiaiii.

Iaaeaeo oai neooe i nia?oe eiiioienoe/aneie eaeae, enoiaeeaoea io
iaeioi?uo iaeiia?aciaaiiuo e iaaeaeueiiaeaeiuo iieeoeeia, ieacaeenue
neeueii i?aoaaee/aiiuie. Aano?aae?iaaiiay io eiie?aoiuo
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaee (oi anoue a /enoii aeaea)
eiiioienoe/aneay eaeay anoue iai?aoiaeyuay eaeay Ni?aaaaeeeainoe.
I?aoiaeyue – oi?iu aa ?aaeecaoeee. Iiiuoea aeinoeaeaiey nioeeaeueiie
ni?aaaaeeeainoe a oneiaeyo eaieoaeenoe/aneiai iauanoaa caaaaeiii
ia?a/aia ia i?iaae, eai aa ia?aie/eaaao aeaaiue i?eioeei yoiai iauanoaa
– eaeay naiaiaeu “neeueiiai” oai?eoue i?iecaie ii ioiioaieth e “neaaui”.
N onoaiiaeaieai ?aaeueiie nioeeaeueiie ni?aaaaeeeainoe a iauanoaa
eaieoaeeci iaecaaaeii en/acaao, oaao, eae aeaeiiue iiuiui ieaaie/aneei
oa/aieai aenaa?a a oaieuo yeaaoi?eaeueiuo aiaeao.

Iinoeiaeono?eaeueiia iauanoai, aeinoeaoaa i?eaieaiiai o?iaiy
oaeiaeaoai?aiey iaoa?eaeueiuo iio?aaiinoae a?aaeaeai, anoue oaea
iinoeaieoaeenoe/aneia iauanoai; ii iii, iaeiia?aiaiii, e
iinonioeeaeenoe/aneia iauanoai, anee iiae yoei iiieiaoue ia nioeeaeeci
aiiaua, a aai ?aiiea, iaeaiua, iaecaaaeii aaoi?eoa?iua (a oaeaea e
oioaeeoa?iua) oi?iu.

Aeaeaaynue n ?aciuo noi?ii e iauae oeaee – n/anoueth /aeiaaea, aeaa
i?ioeaiiieiaeiua nenoaiu ?ac?aaioaee acaeiiaeiiieiythuea i?eioeeiu
i?aaiecaoeee aoaeouaai iauanoaa, eioi?ia aaconeiaii yaeyaony
nioeeaeenoe/aneei, iioiio /oi aa?aioe?oao eaaeaeiio Nioeeaeueioth
Ni?aaaaeeeainoue, e iauanoaii aeaiie?aoe/aneei, iioiio /oi iaeiia?aiaiii
aa?aioe?oao eaaeaeiio a?aaeaeaieio Oai?/aneoth Naiaiaeo a neo/ayo,
eiaaea iia iai?aaeaia ia ?aaeecaoeeth eae ee/iuo, oae e iauanoaaiiuo
eioa?ania.

Iiaua eaeae aeieaeiu i?eeoe ia niaio aaooei aeiaiai

Iauanoai a naiae yaiethoeee, anoanoaaiiui ia?acii, eniuouaaao aeeyiea
oao aea oieaa?naeueiuo i?eioeeiia, eioi?ua ii?aaeaeytho ?acaeoea
iaoa?eaeueiiai ie?a e /aeiaaea. Ia?yaeo n “iaiiaeaiiuie” i?ia?aiiaie (a
?aieao oaea nouanoaothueo, noa?uo nioeeaeueiuo eiioeaioeee), niiniaiuie
eeoue io/anoe onei?eoue aeaeaeaiea e aoiaienoe/aneiio iauanoao
caao?aoiaai aeiy, a eaioi iiaiai ouny/aeaoey yaii o?aaoaony iiene e
ianoaeaeaiea i?eioeeieaeueii iiauo, iiea aua iai?eau/iuo aeey
iauanoaaiiuo iaoe iiaeoiaeia, oaeoaeaiiue aiaeec iai/aaeaeiuo,
ya?enoe/aneeo i?eioeeiia i?aaiecaoeee oaeiai iauanoaa. E?iia oiai,
naaiaeiy ai iiiaeo noa?ao aoiaieoa?iie iaoee, aeey iienaiey
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey oaeeo neiaeiuo nioeeaeueiuo nenoai, e eioi?ui
ioiinyony e i?iecaiaenoaaiiua eieeaeoeau, e oa??eoi?eaeueiua niiauanoaa
a?aaeaeai, e nioeeaeueiua neie (a?oiiu), e iauanoai a oeaeii, noaiiaeony
aiciiaeiui eniieueciaaiea ?yaea i?eioeeiia oi/iuo iaoe, a oii /enea
eioi?iaoeee.

Iniuneaiea o?ieia ae?aiaoe/aneie enoi?ey aeinoeaeaiee e ioeaie
/aeiaa/anoaa ia iooe iienea aeaaiuo i?eioeeiia nioeeaeueiie aa?iiiee,
aeinoeaeaiey nia?aiaiiie iaoee a iaeanoe ineoieiaee, eioi?iaoeee, oai?ee
nenoai naaiaeiy iicaieytho auaeaeiooue aeey ianoaeaeaiey e
yenia?eiaioaeueiiai aiaae?aiey a iauanoaaiioth i?aeoeeo ianeieueei
i?eioeeieaeueii iiauo eaeae.

Eaeay nenoaiiie ei?ii?aoeaiie nianoaaiiinoe

Iineieueeo a iauanoaa anyeee ?aaioiee yaeyaony i?aaenoaaeoaeai
(yeaiaioii) iaeiia?aiaiii ianeieueeeo i?iecaiaenoaaiii-yeiiiie/aneeo e
nioeeaeueiuo nenoai, oi aeey iaeneiaeueiie ?aaeecaoeee aai iioaioeeaea e
iaeneiaeueiie caeioa?aniaaiiinoe a ?acoeueoaoao o?oaea iaiaoiaeeii
onoaiiaeaiea ia?aoiie nayce iaaeaeo aeaiiui ?aaioieeii (a?aaeaeaieiii) e
anaie nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeie nenoaiaie, a eioi?ua ii ooieoeeiiaeueii
aeeth/ai. Iiyoiio aiciaa?aaeaeaiea ca o?oae eaaeaeiai ?aaioieea aeieaeii
ninoiyoue ia oieueei ec naeaeueiie eee ii/aniaie iieaou ii iniiaiie
aeieaeiinoe (/oi nouanoaoao naaiaeiy), ii e ec aeeaeaeaiaeia io
aeayoaeueiinoe aai i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai eieeaeoeaa a oeaeii, aeeaeaeaiaeia
io ?acoeueoaoia yeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe ianaeaiiiai ioieoa, a
eioi?ii ii i?iaeeaaao e o?oaeeony, a oaeaea aiaeiae/iuo aeeaeaeaiaeia
?aaeiiaeueiiai e oaaea?aeueiiai o?iaiy.

Oaeay oi?ia o/anoey ?aaioieea a eieeaeoeaiie nianoaaiiinoe ?aciuo
o?iaiae iicaieyao aio auoue caeioa?aniaaiiui a ?acoeueoaoao ia oieueei
naiaai o?oaea, ii e a ?acoeueoaoao o?oaea ae?oaeo eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo e
eieeaeoeaiuo i?iecaiaeeoaeae, nicaeaao i?aaeiinueee aeiiieiaiey
oai?/aneie eiieo?aioeee – nio?oaeie/anoaii n ae?oaeie i?iecaiaeeoaeyie.

Iiaeiaiay nenoaia iieaou iauanoaaiii-iieaciiai o?oaea a?aaeaeai
iicaieyao onoaiiaeoue iaiaoiaeeiue aaeain iaaeaeo aeaoiy ninoaaeythueie
ethaiai eieeaeoeaiiai o?oaea: eiieo?aioeeae, a iieneao i?eciaiey naiae
nioeeaeueiie cia/eiinoe (iio?aaiinoue nioeeaeueiie aeeooa?aioeeaoeee), e
ia?oia?noaii (iio?aaiinoue nioeeaeueiie eaeaioeoeeaoeee e eioaa?aoeee),
iaania/eaathuee iaeneiaeueiia iiauoaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe eae
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai, oae e iauanoaaiiiai o?oaea ca n/ao
i?ioanneiiaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiie niaoeeaeecaoeee n iineaaeothuae
eiiia?aoeeae niaoeeaeenoia a iiaia ea/anoai – eieeaeoea.

Ioaeaeueiue /aeiaae, eiaeeaeae, ee/iinoue anoue neiaeiay nenoaia,
ninoiyuay ec iiiaeo acaeiii aeiiieiythueo, ii ia iiaoi?ythueo ae?oa
ae?oaa nioeeaeueii-ineoe/aneeo ooieoeee.

Eieeaeoea i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ea/anoai iiaiai o?iaiy – yoi oaea
iaaeeiaeeaeaeoaeueiay nenoaia, ninoiyuay ec iiiaeo acaeiii
aeiiieiythueo, ii ia iiaoi?ythueo ae?oa ae?oaa ee/iinoae, eiaeeaeaeia.

Eieeaeoea, eae nenoaiiia iauaaeeiaiea ?acee/athueony ii
nioeeaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiie niaoeeaeecaoeee ethaeae, iicaieyao
aeiaeoueny ian?aaiaiii aieaa aunieiai o?iaiy oaeiaeaoai?aiey ia oieueei
iaoa?eaeueiuo, ii e aeooiaiuo iio?aaiinoae (eae nianoaaiiuo, oae e
iauanoaaiiuo), a n?aaiaiee n iano?oeoo?e?iaaiiie, iaeiiia?aciie, ii
naiei nioeeaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiui aiciiaeiinoyi, a?oiiie
eiaeeaeaeoaeia (iaaaaeii, aieueoie eee iaeie), ii nouanoao –
iaoaie/aneei iauaaeeiaieai i?iecaiaeeoaeae, neaai naycaiiuo iaaeaeo
niaie a ?aaioa e /anoi iiaoi?ythueo ae?oa ae?oaa a
nioeeaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ooieoeeyo.

Eaieoaeenoe/aneee niinia nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie i?aaiecaoeee
iauanoaa aue enoiaeii iniiaai ia ineoieiaee e eaeaieiaee
eiaeeaeaeoaeecia. Aai enoi?e/aneay en/a?iaiiinoue iaoneiaeaia
caaa?oaieai ia?aoiaea iauanoaa io i?iecaiaenoaa eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai e
i?iecaiaenoao eieeaeoeaiiio, e acaeiiaeiiieiaieth niaoeeaeenoia, caiyouo
iauei aeaeii, e ineoieiaee eieeaeoeaecia.

Naii iiiyoea en/a?iaiiinoe – ia iaeiicia/ii. Iii iiaeao icia/aoue eae
niaa?oainoai, aeinoeaiooia a ?acoeueoaoa oiai, /oi ia?ai?iaiaaiu e
ioa?ioaiu ana iaoaea/iua aa?eaiou, oae e iieioth ianinoiyoaeueiinoue,
ae?yoeinoue, i?eioeeieaeueiia ianiioaaonoaea iiaui oneiaeyi noa?uo
i?eau/iuo iiaeoiaeia. Aac eiioea eaoaoue aieeua aea?aayiiua n?oau aeiiia
aeaaii iino?iaiiiai iinaeea aanniuneaiii. Eo/oa n?oaeoue iiaua aeiia.
Aaeaieia aanniuneaiia iiiuoea iaania/eoue aea?aayiiuie aeiiaie aeeoaeae
iiiaiieeeeiiiiai ai?iaea – ioaeiu iiiaiyoaaeiua no?iaiey ec aieaa
iiaeoiaeyuaai iaoa?eaea. Eaieoaeeci ia i?inoi caaiee, yoio no?ie onoa?ae
i?eioeeieaeueii, aai aanniuneaiii eaoaoue e oniaa?oainoaiaaoue. Ianoi
yoie nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie oi?iaoeee – a iocaa enoi?ee…

Iie?aynue ia iecoea noi?iiu /aeiaa/aneie i?e?iaeu, i?eieoeaioth oi?io
/aeiaa/aneiai eiaeeaeaeoaeecia – yaieci, eaieoaeeci aeiaeeny
yooaeoeaiiai oaeiaeaoai?aiey iecoeo, ia?ae/iuo – iaoa?eaeueiuo /aeiaaea.
Nioeeaeeci, aicaeaenoaoy ia aeooiaiua – aunoea noi?iiu i?e?iaeu
/aeiaaea, aeiaeeny i?eciaiiiai oniaoa a oaeiaeaoai?aiee aeooiaiuo e
nioeeaeueiuo iio?aaiinoae.

Aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea /aeiaaea e /aeiaa/aneeo iauiinoae, i?aiaeieaiea
eneonnoaaiiiai ?ac?uaa anoanoaaiiiai, aeeaeaeoe/aneiai aaeeinoaa
iaoa?eaeueiuo e aeooiaiuo iio?aaiinoae /aeiaaea aiciiaeii eeoue i?e
ia?aoiaea ia iiaua o?iaie nenoaiiie i?aaiecaoeee: eieeaeoeaiue,
iauanoaaiiue, iaua/aeiaa/aneee. Eia/a iaecaaaeia aeaaeue oiai eee eiiai
iauanoaa, oeeaeeecaoeee a oeaeii io ae?yoeinoe, nioeeaeueiuo aieaciae e
aioo?aiieo i?ioeai?a/ee.

Iauanoai, i?aaieciaaiiia a niioaaonoaee n i?eioeeiii nenoaiiie
(ei?ii?aoeaiie) nianoaaiiinoe, iiaeao iicaieeoue /aeiaaeo aeaaea ia
?aaioaoue aiana, anee o iaai iao oaeiai aeaeaiey… A yoii neo/aa
a?aaeaeaieio, ia auiieiythuaio iauanoaaiii-iieaciuo ooieoeee, iauanoai
niiniaii aa?aioe?iaaoue eeoue oaeie aeeciaiiue o?iaaiue, eioi?ue aoaeao
/ooue auoa oiai, /oi eiatho nae/an a eaieoaeenoe/aneeo no?aiao
aac?aaioiua. Caoi aiciaa?aaeaeaiea ?aaioathuaio aoaeao oai
cia/eoaeueiaa, /ai aieueoa ii i?eianao iieuecu iauanoao.

Ea?a?oe/aneay nenoaia aeieaeiinoiuo ieeaaeia, nouanoaiaaaoay i?e
aeiaiaoe/aneii nioeeaeecia, auea iaeiei ec aeaaiuo i?aiyonoaee ?inoa
yeiiiieee nioeeaeecia. Yoi y?ei iieacae “uaeeineee yenia?eiaio”,
i?iaaaeaiiue iaeiei ec naiuo aeanoyueo yeiiiienoia e ainoaea?noaaiiuo
aeayoaeae ?innee, ii iaoaea/eeaui ?aoi?iaoi?ii – Aeaenaai Ieeieaaae/ai
Einuaeiui. Ii ia noiae oaaaeeoue iauanoai e aai i?aaeoaeae a oii, /oi
oi?ioee ?aai/ee eee eiaeaia? a ii?aaeaeaiiue io?acie a?aiaie (a ia?eiae
y?eiai iauanoaaiii-iieaciiai oai?/anoaa) iiaeao iieo/aoue ieaoo ca naie
o?oae cia/eoaeueii aieueooth, /ai cao?yaeiue ieieno?. “?aaeueiue“
nioeeaeeci nai aea ioaa?a naie aaciaue i?eioeei – “Io eaaeaeiai ii
niiniaiinoyi – eaaeaeiio ii o?oaeo” (iieaciinoe). Aai, ii nouanoao,
iiaeiaieee i?eioeeiii “iieaou ii aeieaeiinoe”…

Aeaaea i?e eaieoaeecia ?acaeoea yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee caeiiiia?ii
i?eaaei e aiaae?aieth “yeaiaioia nioeeaeecia” – e oiio, /oi iaeioi?ua
niaoeeaeenou (iaaiiua ?aaioieee) iieo/atho aeioiaeu, n?aaieiua eee aieaa
aunieea, /ai o nianoaaiieea n?aaenoa i?iecaiaenoaa. Naaiaeiy ia Caiaaea
aiieia ?aaeueia neooaoeey, eiaaea niaoeeaeeno n aieaa ieceei
nioeeaeueiui noaoonii, neaaeai, oe?o?a-i?oiiaae, iieo/aao cia/eoaeueii
aieaa aunieia aiciaa?aaeaeaiea, /ai niaoeeaeeno n oaeei aunieei
nioeeaeueiui noaoonii, eae i?aceaeaio no?ai. Oaeia iieiaeaiea aauae
eiaao naaiaeiy ianoi a NOA. O?oaeii ioeaieoue yoi eia/a, eae i?eciae
?aaeueiie eiiaa?aaioeee aeaoo iauanoaaiii-yeiiiie/aneeo oi?iaoeee,
eioi?ay i?ienoiaeeo auioaeaeaiii. Eia/a eaieoaeeci i?inoi aeieaeai aue
au nie?eoueny ni naiae aeaaeueth.

Iieaoa ii i?eioeeio iieaciinoe o?oaea, a ia ii i?eioeeio aeanoe
(aeanoue aeieaeiinoe eee aeanoue nianoaaiiinoe) aeaeaao yenieoaoaoeeth
iaaiciiaeiie, nioeeaeueiue ia?aceoeci i?e yoii noaiiaeony enoi?e/aneei
aiao?iieciii.

Eaeay ia?aie/aiiiai a?aiaiai

nioeeaeueiiai e i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai eiio?aeoa

iaaeaeo eieeaeoeaii e eeaea?ii

Ia?aoiae io /anoiie e ainoaea?noaaiiie oi?i nianoaaiiinoe ia n?aaenoaa
i?iecaiaenoaa, oi anoue /anoiiai e ainoaea?noaaiiiai i?eioeeia
oi?aaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiui iioaioeeaeii, e nenoaiiie ei?ii?aoeaiie
nianoaaiiinoe niiniaai naeaeaoue iniiaiui enoi/ieeii aeioiaea ethaiai
yeiiiie/anee aeoeaiiai /aeiaaea ia yenieoaoaoeeth /oaeiai o?oaea, a
iauanoaaiioth iieaciinoue nianoaaiiiai o?oaea.

*aeiaae, iuouathuee a naaa oaeaio nioeeaeueiiai eee i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai
eeaea?a, aeieaeai cayaeoue ie?oaeathuei i naieo eeaea?neeo i?eoycaieyo.
Yoi icia/aao iaiaoiaeeiinoue aeeth/aiey eioi?iaoeee i iai a
niioaaonoaothuea aiiaeu eee eiiiuethoa?iua aacu aeaiiuo, aeinooiiua aeey
anao caeioa?aniaaiiuo eeoe, o.a. aeey ?aaioieeia aeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey
eee ecae?aoaeae aeaiiiai ie?oaa. A yoii neo/aa, caaeieai aei ia/aea
auai?ia, aeaeathuea niiaoo ciaeiieoueny n aeia?aoeae e iineoaeiui
nieneii i?aoaiaeaioa e iiiaaethaeaoue ca aai iiaaaeaieai a
i?iecaiaenoaaiiii eieeaeoeaa eee i?iaiaeece?iaaoue ?aaeueiua iinooiee
eaiaeeaeaoa a iianaaeiaaiie iieeoe/aneie aeecie.

I?e auiieiaiee auoaia?a/eneaiiuo oneiaee noaiiaeony ?aaeueiie
aiciiaeiinoue auai?a yooaeoeaiiai ?oeiaiaeeoaey a?aaeaeaiaie e
?aaioieeaie ia oieueei a iieeoe/aneie e iao/iie noa?ao, /oi nouanoaoao e
naaiaeiy, ii e a i?iecaiaenoaaiiie noa?a. Iaeiaei nio?aiaiea i?ei?eoaoa
iauanoaaiiuo eioa?ania iaae ee/iuie eioa?anaie eca?aiiiai ?oeiaiaeeoaey,
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea iioaioeeaeueiie aiciiaeiinoe oco?iaoeee yoei /aeiaaeii
yeiiiie/aneie eee iieeoe/aneie aeanoe, a i?eioeeia, noaiao aiciiaeiui
oieueei oiaaea, eiaaea ioiioaiey iieeoe/aneiai eee i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai
eeaea?a n eca?aaoeie aai nia?aaeaeaiaie aoaeoo eiaoue oi?io
niaoeeaeueiiai niaeaoaiey, th?eaee/anee ioi?ieaiiie eiiaaioeee –
nioeeaeueiiai eiio?aeoa.

Naaiaeiy acaeiiioiioaiey eaiaeeaeaoa ia aeanoiue iino e ecae?aoaeae
aieueoa iaiiieiatho i?ioeaaeo?o i?eia?aoaiey “eioa a iaoea”, eai any
eioi?iaoeey i eaiaeeaeaoao (niaoeeaeenoao ii nioeeaeueiiio eee
i?iecaiaenoaaiiiio oi?aaeaieth), ii nouanoao, naiaeeony e aaccanoai/eaie
?aeeaia. Iinea enoa/aiey n?iea iieiiii/ee nioeeaeueiiai eee
i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai eeaea?a nioeeaeueiue eiio?aeo iicaieeo ecae?aoaeyi
iiaoi?iui aieiniaaieai aiiaue ioeaieoue, ii oaea ia iaia?aiey, a
?aaeueioth iauanoaaiioth iieaciinoue, i?iaa?aiioth i?aeoeeie. A
?acoeueoaoa “eca?aiiee ia?iaea”, i?e yooaeoeaiii auiieiaiee cayaeaiiie
i?ia?aiiu e naieo ooieoeee a ia?eiae iieiiii/ee, iieo/eo
aeiiieieoaeueioth iaa?aaeo iauanoaa (eieeaeoeaa) eee, iai?ioea, aoaeao
aea?aeaoue ioaao ia?aae caeiiii.

I?aaeeiaeaiiue iiaeoiae iicaieeo caiaoii oiaiueoeoue /enei nieneaoaeae
?oeiaiaeyueo aeieaeiinoae, a iaoaieci aeieaia?aiaiiiai iaeiieaiey aacu
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo aeaiiuo i iioaioeeaeueiuo eaiaeeaeaoao ia ?oeiaiaeyuea
?iee ?acee/iiai o?iaiy iicaieeo i?eniio?aoueny ca?aiaa e aeinoieinoaai e
iaaeinoaoeai i?aoaiaeaioia, i?aa?aoeo auai?u ec eioa?ae a iniuneaiiue e
ioaaonoaaiiue i?ioeann.

I?aai ianaeaiey oeeaeeeciaaiiie no?aiu ia eiio?ieue ca ethaie
aeanoueth, a oii /enea e aa?oiaiie, oaea naaiaeiy caoeene?iaaii
th?eaee/anee: a i?aaiaoea “Anaiauae aeaeea?aoeee i?aa /aeiaaea”,
i?eiyoie Aaia?aeueiie Annaiaeaae III 10.12.48 a. /aoei oeacaiu oneiaey,
i?e eioi?uo eiio?ieue ianaeaiey au?aaeaaony i?aaieciaaiiui
nii?ioeaeaieai, a oii /enea ianeeeai iaae aeanoueth:

“…I?eciaiea aeinoieinoaa, i?enouaai anai /eaiai /aeiaa/aneie naiuee,
e ?aaiuo e iaiouaieaiuo i?aa – yaeyaony iniiaie naiaiaeu,
ni?aaaaeeeainoe e anaiauaai ie?a;

…Iaiaoiaeeii, /oiau i?aaa /aeiaaea io?aiyeenue aeanoueth caeiia a
oeaeyo oiai, /oiau /aeiaae ia aue auioaeaeai i?eaaaaoue, a ea/anoaa
iineaaeiaai n?aaenoaa, e ainnoaieth i?ioea oe?aiee e oaiaoaiey…”

Eaaeaeue ac?ineue iieiii?aaiue a?aaeaeaiei no?aiu ie ia ieiooo ia
aeieaeai caauaaoue, /oi ai anao oeeaeeeciaaiiuo no?aiao ainoaea?noai –
eeoue oi?ia aeia?iaieueiiai iauaaeeiaiey a?aaeaeai, oae iacuaaaiue
“iauanoaaiiue aeiaiai?”.

Eiinoeoooeeth ainoaea?noao aeatho (e eciaiytho aa ii iaiaoiaeeiinoe) –
a?aaeaeaia, a ia ainoaea?noaaiiua /eiiaieee, iaiyoua a?aaeaeaiaie a
ea/anoaa niaoeeaeenoia-eniieieoaeae. Anee aea aeanoue iuoaaony ouaieyoue
eioa?anu e i?aaa a?aaeaeai, oi a?aaeaeaia eiatho ii?aeueiia e caeiiiia
i?aai iinoaaeoue yoo aeanoue ia ianoi aaeaeaaoiuie n?aaenoaaie: /a?ac
naieo i?aaenoaaeoaeae-aeaiooaoia, inouanoaeyy ianniaua ie?iua aeoeee
i?ioanoa, a a e?aeieo neo/ayo – i?eaaaay e ianeeuenoaaiiiio naa?aeaieth
ia?aceoe?othuae aeanoe, oi anoue e naa?aeaieth oe?aiee.

Eaeay nioeeaeueiuo aeaiaa

Nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneee niune iiiyoey “aeaiueae” ?aaeeeaeueiui
ia?acii ioee/aaony io oiai ienoe/aneiai aini?eyoey aeaiaaeiuo ciaeia,
eioi?ue aue noi?ie?iaai a ianniaii niciaiee a aeinioeeaeenoe/aneea
yiioe. Aeaiueae – aeaaii oaea ia eoie? a nia?aiaiiii, aunieiia?aciaaiiii
iauanoaa oeeaeeeciaaiiuo a?aaeaeai. Iie – anaai eeoue ciaeiaay nenoaia,
io?aaeathuay noaiaiue iauanoaaiiie iieaciinoe o?oaea /aeiaaea. Iniaaiii
aaaeii oi ianoiyoaeuenoai, /oi aeaiueae niiniaiu oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueii
io?aaeaoue iieaciinoue o?oaea /aeiaaea oieueei a noa?a iaoa?eaeueiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa. Iieaciinoue o?oaea, oaeiaeaoai?ythuaai aeooiaiua
iio?aaiinoe iauanoaa, aeaiueaaie au?aceoue ian?aaiaiii neiaeiaa.

Iaaeinoaoi/iia iniciaiea iieeoieiaaie, iieeoeeaie, i?aaei?eieiaoaeyie,
n?aaenoaaie ianniaie eioi?iaoeee e cia/eoaeueiuie a?oiiaie ianaeaiey
yoie ia?aie/aiiinoe ooieoeee aeaiaa, eae ia?eea iieaciinoe ?acee/iuo
aeaeia o?oaea, ia i?ioyaeaiee ianeieueeeo aeanyoeeaoee
iineaaiaiiiai ?inoa ie?iaie yeiiiieee nicaeaei a?ioaneioth neooaoeeth…
Aia/aea ioaeaeueiua oeiainiaua iaaiaou e ae?aeaaeee, caoai oe?ieee e?oa
aecianiaiia, no?aoiauo, th?eaee/aneeo, oeiainiauo eiiiaiee, a oaeaea
oaiaaua e iaoeiciua no?oeoo?u iiiyee, /oi ninoiyiea ianniaiai niciaiey
iicaieyao iaiaauaoueny, iaeaieeaay ciaee iieaciinoe – aeaiueae, ia
nicaeaaay naiie iieaciinoe, eioi?ay yoei ciaeai aeieaeia
niioaaonoaiaaoue. Iie ia ca?aaaouaatho, a, /oi iacuaaaony, “aeaeatho
aeaiueae”…

Aiciee iiaue aeae oeiainiaiai ia?aceoecia, iiea/eaaaiue o?oaeii i?inouo
ethaeae, eeoe iaaiiiai o?oaea, i?aaenoaaeoaeae iaeeiai e n?aaeiaai
aeciana.

A iineaaeiea aiaeu oe?iei ?ani?ino?aieaoayny ai anai ie?a ea?a a
iaeiieaiea aeaiaaeiuo ciaeia, ia iaania/aiiuo iaoa?eaeueiuie e
nioeeaeueiuie iieaciinoyie, oi anoue iauanoaaiii-iieaciui o?oaeii,
iiiai/eneaiiuo “ea?ieia”, iiaeiaiuo oeiainenoo Ae. Ni?ino, nicaeaao ana
aieueoaa iai?yaeaiea a yeiiiieea iiiaeo no?ai, i?eaiaeeo e ?inoo
athaeaeaoiiai aeaoeoeeoa, ii nouanoao e ?inoo aeieaa ianaeaiey ia?aae
iaoeiaoi?aie ca ionoonoaothuoth a ?aaeueiinoe iieaciinoue.

Caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa aieueoeinoaa no?ai ia iicaieytho i?ana/ue yoe
aeoaiei aii?aeueiua oeiainiaua ea?u eeoue iioiio, /oi iiaeiaiay
aeayoaeueiinoue i?eioeeieaeueii ia i?ioeai?a/eo ii?aee yenieoaoaoi?neiai
iauanoaa. Oieueei e?aeiaa iaino?aiea i?iaeaiu, iinoiyiiue ?ino iauaia
“ionouo aeaiaa”, oaeueoeauo ia th?eaee/anee (ii oi?ia), a ii
niaea?aeaieth, ?acaeoea aeiaaeueiuo ae?aeaauo e?ecenia, a eiioea
eiioeia, canoaayo ?acaeoua no?aiu ia?aniio?aoue ia noieueei
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai, neieueei naio ii?aeue iauanoaa e ioeacaoueny io
i?eioeeia yenieoaoaoeee /aeiaaea /aeiaaeii, eae io iaauaiaeiie oi?iu
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie i?aaiecaoeee iauanoaa.

Aeaiueae eae eino?oiaio ioeaiee o?oaea, nicaeathuaai iaoa?eaeueiua
oeaiiinoe, oi anoue ciaee iieaciinoe oiaa?ia, auee nicaeaiu e
ooieoeeiie?iaaee aeinoaoi/ii oniaoii aei iineaaeiaai a?aiaie. Iaeiaei
e?ecen aeaiaa, eae ciaeiaie nenoaiu iauanoaaiiie iieaciinoe o?oaea e
nicaeaaaaiuo yoei o?oaeii oiaa?ia e oneoa, ia ia?aeiia aoi?iai e
o?aoueaai ouny/aeaoee iaiiiai aeoaaea, /ai i?iaeaia ao?iiai ?inoa
aeiaaeueiiai oeiainiaiai ia?aceoecia. Nooue e?ecena ninoieo a oii, /oi
iauanoaii iaaeinoaoi/ii iniciaia i?eioeeieaeueiay ia?aie/aiiinoue
aiciiaeiinoae io?aaeaiey iaeioi?uo niaoeeoe/aneeo iauanoaaiii-iieaciuo
oi?i o?oaea ethaie, aeaaea naiie onoie/eaie ie?iaie aaethoie.

*aeiaaea, eae ecaanoii, auaeaeyao ec aeeaioiiai oea?noaa, io?aaeaao aai
nouiinoue, iaee/ea aoi?ie a?oiiu iioeaia aeayoaeueiinoe – aeooiaiuo eee
nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneeo iio?aaiinoae, eioi?ua aeinoaoi/ii eco/aiu
ineoieiae/aneie iaoeie, a /anoiinoe, a ?aieao oai?ee ineoieiaee
iioeioia. Ii ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue ineoieiae/aneea iiiyoey aua ia noaee
?aai/ae oa?ieiieiaeae th?eaee/aneie e yeiiiie/aneie iaoee. Yoi, ii
iiaieth niaoeeaeenoia, – ?aaeee aeeaeaeoaai aoaeouaai. Iaeiaei oaea
naaiaeiyoiaa iauanoai aeieaeii io/aoeeai iniciaaaoue, /oi
oaeiaeaoai?aiea aeooiaiuo iio?aaiinoae /aeiaaea iaaiciiaeii aac
iauanoaaiiie i?aaiecaoeee iiiaeo aaaeiaeoeo noa? aeayoaeueiinoe – iaoee,
eneonnoaa, ia?aciaaiey, ioaeuoa e o.i.

Ii nouanoao, ia iiaanoeo aeiy anoaao aii?in i aaaaeaiee niaoeeaeueiuo
ciaeia ia iaoa?eaeueiie, a nioeeaeueiie iieaciinoe o?oaea /aeiaaea.
O?oae, iai?aaeaiiue ia oaeiaeaoai?aiea aoi?ie a?oiiu iio?aaiinoae,
aeieaeai ioeaieaaoueny ia o?aaeeoeeiiiuie, a iiauie – nioeeaeueiuie
aeaiueaaie.

Oaeea iiaua ciaee iauanoaaiiie iieaciinoe o?oaea iiaee au iicaieeoue
cia/eoaeueioth /anoue yia?aee /aeiaaea, aai aa/ioth aeaaeaeo
ni?aaiiaaiey, oniaoa (e eieeaeoeeiie?iaaiey ciaeia oniaoa), ?aiaa
iai?aaeaiiuo i?aeiouanoaaiii ia niae?aoaeuenoai iaoa?eaeueiuo
oeaiiinoae, – ia?aeeth/eoue ia noyaeaiea /anoe, eioi?ia iaaiciiaeii aac
ene?aiiaai neoaeaiey eioa?anai iauanoaa.

Nioeeaeueiua aeaiueae, a i?eioeeia, ia iiaoo auoue enoi/ieeii e?oiiiai
oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey, iie eeoue iiaoo iicaieeoue a?aaeaeaieio – e
o/aiiio, e aeayoaeth eneonnoaa, e iauanoaaiiiio aeayoaeth, e
?oeiaiaeeoaeth i?iecaiaenoaa, e oaeaioeeaiio ?yaeiaiio ?aaioieeo, e
nii?oniaio, e /aeiaaeo, caueuathuaio iauanoaaiiue ii?yaeie,
i?aaenoaaeoaeth ethaie ae?oaie iauanoaaiii-iieaciie noa?u o?oaea,
iieo/eoue ec iauanoaaiiuo oiiaeia, a aeiiieiaiea e iau/iie ca?ieaoa
(eioi?ay, a i?eioeeia, io?aaeaao iieaciinoue o?oaea /aeiaaea aeey
aeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai eieeaeoeaa), iaiaoiaeeiua iaoa?eaeueiua
n?aaenoaa, nicaeathuea i?aaeiinueee aeey aeinoaoi/ii eiioi?oiuo oneiaee
i?iaeieaeaiey aeiiieieoaeueiie oai?/aneie ?aaiou, iieaciie iauanoao.

Iao/iue i?ia?ann, a oii /enea ?acaeoea aeiaaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?iuo
naoae, naaiaeiy naeaeae aiieia ?aaeueiie aiciiaeiinoue ioeaiee
nioeeaeueiie iieaciinoe o?oaea /aeiaaea ia oieueei /eiiaieeaie e
aaeieieno?aoi?aie eee aeaaea eiienneae niaoeeaeenoia (iie ca/anooth
noaeyo noauaeoeaii), ii e oie iauiinoueth ethaeae, eioi?ie e
i?aaeiacia/aeanue i?iecaaaeaiiay nioeeaeueiay iieaciinoue, oi anoue oiio
nioeeoio, eioi?ue caeioa?aniaai a noeioee?iaaiee iauanoaaiii-iieaciiai
o?oaea niaoeeaeenoa (a oii /enea niaoeeaeenoa ii oi?aaeaieth).
Ia?eiaee/aneea eiiiuethoa?iua ii?inu-aieiniaaiey, a i?eioeeia,
iicaieytho ioneaaeeaaoue aeeiaieeo ?aeoeiaa ethaiai nio?oaeieea, ethaiai
?oeiaiaeeoaey, ethaiai iieeoeea. Au?aaioaa niaoeeaeueiua i?aaeea, iiaeii
aoaeao ioeaieoue ii?aaeaeaiiui eiee/anoaii aaeeia – “nioeeaeueiuo
aeaiaa” iauanoaaiioth cia/eiinoue aai o?oaea.

Eaeay aeaiie?aoecaoeee yeiiiie/aneie aeecie iauanoaa

Ii-aeaeeiiio, oaea aeeaeaeoaa aoaeouaa i?eaaaeao e ?inoo
aeaiie?aoecaoeee ia oieueei nioeeaeueiie, ii e yeiiiie/aneie aeecie
iauanoaa. Iinoaiaiii noaioo oa?youe naia cia/aiea iiiyoey “eiiia?/aneie
oaeiu”, ia?acaeaoaiey “enoi/ieeia aeioiaeia” e o.i. Ianiiiaiii, aoaeoo
?anoe ia?aciaaiiinoue e ?yaeiauo a?aaeaeai, e iauanoaa a oeaeii,
i?ienoiaeeoue oaeoaeaiea ineoieiae/aneeo, yeiiiie/aneeo e th?eaee/aneeo
ciaiee. Ana yoe ia?aiaiu ni a?aiaiai eeoao iioaioeeaeueiuo iioaiieeia e
iaoeiaoi?ia, oi?ioi ciathueo caeiiu yeiiiieee e ineoieiaee, aiciiaeiinoe
eniieueciaaoue nia?aaeaeai a ea/anoaa iaeaiuo noaoenoia a naieo
ianooaaiuo oeiainiauo aoa?ao.

Aneaae ca ioiaiie i?aaa ia ianeaaeiaaiea aeanoe caeiiiia?ii a?yaeao e
ioiaia i?aaa ia e?oiiia iaoa?eaeueiia ianeaaenoai, eai iii oiaea anoue
i?aeiouanoai, i?eaeeaaey, aeanoue, iieo/aiiay aac aeinoaoi/iuo
ii?aeueiuo iniiaaiee (ai iiiaeo neo/ayo, e oiio aea, eeoathuay
ianeaaeieea ?aaeinoe nianoaaiiuo oai?/aneeo aeinoeaeaiee).

Aeaiie?aoecaoeee yeiiiie/aneie aeecie, aaconeiaii, iiaeao
niinianoaiaaoue caiaia iinoiyiiiai aeaaeaiey n?aaenoaaie i?iecaiaenoaa
(nianoaaiiinoue) e iinoiyiiiai i?aaa oi?aaeaiey (iiaeeciaiiay e
iioiinoaaiiay aeanoue) ia a?aiaeo, a oii /enea e aeieain?i/ioth,
n?aaenoa i?iecaiaenoaa, caiee, oaoiieiaee, eioi?iaoeeiiiuo aac e o.i.
Aeanoiua ooieoeee ia i?iecaiaenoaa e a iauanoaa aeieaeiu
aeaeaae?iaaoueny eeaea?o eeoue ia a?aiy e ia oneiaeyo, ii?aaeaeyaiuo
nio?oaeieeaie eee a?aaeaeaiaie ia iniiaa i?eioeeia “nioeeaeueiiai
eiio?aeoa” e a niioaaonoaee ni niaoeeaeueiui caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii.

A aeeaeaeoae ia?niaeoeaa, aanueia aa?iyoii, aicieeiao ?acaeaeaiea
i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe ethaeae ia aeiiieiythuea ae?oa ae?oaa
eaoaai?ee: “aecian”, iiae?acoiaaathuee ecaea/aiea i?eauee eae aeaaioth
oeaeue auiieiyaiie ?aaiou, e “o?oae”, eiaaea aaaeouei (ia iaycaoaeueii
aaeeinoaaiiui) iioeaii i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aeoeaiinoe aoaeao yaeyoueny
iauanoaaiiue, a ia ee/iue eioa?an.

Eaeay “Ia?iaeiuo i?aaei?eyoee”

Aeieaea iaoaiey eaeaieiaia, iieeoeeia, yeiiiienoia a iieneao
aaeeinoaaiiie “eo/oae” oi?iu nianoaaiiinoe ia n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa,
ii naiae i?iaeoeoeaiinoe iaiiieiatho iiiuoeo iaeoe aaeeinoaaiiue
oieaa?naeueiue eeth/ aeey ?aiiioa ethaiai iaoaiecia. Ii aeaeeii, iiiuoea
iaeoe aaeeinoaaiiue ioaao ia ?aciiia?aciua o?aaiaaiey aeecie –
aano?ae…

Ainoaea?noaaiiay, /anoiay e eieeaeoeaiay – yoe aeaeu nianoaaiiinoe
anaai eeoue aeiiieiytho, a ia eneeth/atho ae?oa ae?oaa. Eaaeaeay ec ieo
oi?ioa oai, aaea iia yooaeoeaia! Ainoaea?noaaiiay – aaea iaiaoiaeeia
eiioeaio?aoeey ?ano?nia anaai iauanoaa. *anoiay – oai, aaea
i?aaeii/oeoaeueiaa ieieiaeueiua ia?aie/aiey eieoeeaoeau oaeaioeeaiai
/aeiaaea a i?aaiecaoeee iauanoaaiii iieaciiai aeaea, i?e iaeneiaeueiie
yeiiiie/aneie ioaaonoaaiiinoe oiai, eiai eiaiotho i?aaei?eieiaoaeai.
Eieeaeoeaiay nianoaaiiinoue yooaeoeaia oai, aaea iayooaeoeaiu ia?aua
aeaa.

Aeaaiay i?iaeaia naaiaeiyoiaai aeiy – ia?aoiae e?oiiuo e n?aaeieo
ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee a /anoiua ?oee. Iiiaea ec ieo ieacaeenue a
iiauo, ii ieioeo, ai?iaaouo, ia niiniaiuo e oi?aaeaieth ?oeao. A oa, /oi
inoaeenue a i?aaeieo, a?iaea au ia aanoaeaiiuo ?oeao, ana ?aaii ia
?aaioatho, eai iauanoaaiiia niciaiea, ioioii i?eiya iiaue i?eioeei
i?aaiecaoeee nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee – i?eioeei naiaiaeu,
oai?/anoaa e ee/iie ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca ?aaeecaoeeth i?aaei?eiyoiai
eieoeeaoeaiui /aeiaaeii aeaea, ii-i?aaeiaio eaoaai?e/anee ioaa?aaao
caianee?iaaiiue “eeaa?aeueiie” ?eoi?eeie i?eioeei yenieoaoaoeee /aeiaaea
/aeiaaeii.

A nouiinoe, iauanoai neacaei “aea” – eiieo?aioeee (?uieo) e ia iaiaa
?aoeoaeueii cayaeei “iao” – yenieoaoaoeee iaeiiai /aeiaaea ae?oaei
(eaieoaeecio). A?oae/iay aeey nia?aiaiiiai yoaia ?acaeoey iauanoaa oi?ia
nianoaaiiinoe – e?oiiay /anoiay nianoaaiiinoue iaecaaaeii ii?iaeaeaao
a?oae/iua nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea ioiioaiey. *oiau naeaeiooue
iaii?i/ioth yeiiiieeo ?innee n ia?oaie oi/ee, ioaeii eee caaanoe a
no?aio ?aaia aeey ?aaiou ia iiauo ainiiae, eee ioeacaoueny io aeoiaeoae
eaeae aa?iooueny a “n/anoeeaia iicaa/a?a” – a y?o e?oiiie /anoiie
nianoaaiiinoe. ?acoiiue /aeiaae iiieiaao aanniuneaiiinoue iaieo
aa?eaioia.

“Ia?iaeiua i?aaei?eyoey” ioee/athony io iau/iiai aeoeeiia?iiai
iauanoaa, a oii /enea oaeiai, aaea aeoeeiia?aie yaeythony ?aaioieee
i?aaei?eyoee, – th?eaee/aneei cai?aoii ia oi?ie?iaaiea eiio?ieueiiai
iaeaoa aeoeee o ethaiai ioaeaeueiiai eeoea eee iaiueoeinoaa ethaeae,
aeeth/ay oao, eoi ?aaioaao ia aeaiiii i?aaei?eyoee. Yoio i?eioeei
eiio?iey ?aaioieeia ca yeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoueth naiaai
i?aaei?eyoey, n iaeiie noi?iiu, iicaieyao ecaaaeaoue eae iiyaeaiey
aaeeiiee/iiai yenieoaoaoi?a, oae e oi?ie?iaaiey a?oiiu yenieoaoaoi?ia; n
ae?oaie noi?iiu, cai?ao ia oi?ie?iaaiea eiio?ieueiiai iaeaoa aeoeee
oceie a?oiiie ?aaioieeia i?aaei?eyoey nio?aiyao iaoa?eaeueiua e
ineoieiae/aneea noeioeu aeey anao ?aaioieeia.

Aaaeii iiiieoue, /oi i?eaueue, iieo/aaiay aeoeeiia?ii, a oii /enea
iaeeei, – oioue e iaeicia/eoaeueiay, ii aiieia ?aaeueiay yenieoaoaoeey
naaiaeiyoieo e caao?aoieo ?aaioieeia, o.e. oiaea yaeyaony iinoiyiiie,
iiiiiieueiie oi?iie nianoaaiiinoe ia n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa. Yeaiaio
yenieoaoaoeee en/aciao ec aeoeeiia?iie oi?iu oi?aaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaii
eeoue oiaaea, eiaaea i?aaa aeoeeiia?ia ii aeeeoaeueiinoe aeaenoaey
noaioo ?aaiuie aaoi?neei i?aaai, ia?anoaioo auoue aa/iui, caeinoaiaeui,
aeiaiaoe/aneei e iiiiiieueiui i?aaii, eioi?ia aacaeoiii iuoaaony
i?ioeainoiyoue iaeiiio ec aeaaiuo caeiiia iauanoaa – eciaiaieth anaai
nouaai a niioaaonoaee n eciaiaieyie oneiaee aeecie, ia?aiaiaie,
iinoiyiii i?ienoiaeyueie a ninoiyiee iaoa?eaeueiie e nioeeaeueiie
n?aaeu.

Iiaia caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai aeieaeii i?aaeoniio?aoue iieiaeaiea i oii, /oi
anyeia i?aaei?eyoea, a eioi?ii ?aaioaao aieueoa o?ao ac?ineuo ethaeae
(aeaaea anee yoi naiuey eee aeaaiea ae?ocuey), ia iiaeao auoue /anoiui.
A oaeeo neo/ayo iii iaycaii o?ainoi?ie?iaaoueny eee a eiiia?aoea, eee a
aeoeeiia?iia iauanoai, eee a “ia?iaeiia i?aaei?eyoea”.

Ai anao neo/ayo, eiaaea /eneaiiinoue ?aaioieeia i?aaei?eyoey ethaie
oi?iu nianoaaiiinoe i?aauoaao naiue /aeiaae, aeieaeiu nicaeaaaoueny
i?ionithciua i?aaiecaoeee, aieaa aeaaaeoeaoe /aeiaae – i?iecaiaenoaaiiue
niaao.

I?eaaaeaiiua auoa oeeo?u, ?aaeaiaioe?othuea oi?io oi?aaeaiey ?acee/iuie
noi?iiaie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey, ia neo/aeiu. Iie io?aaeatho
anoanoaaiiua ineoieiae/aneea a?aieoeu /aeiaa/aneeo iauaaeeiaiee
?acee/iiai ianooaaa. Aeey o?ao niaianoii ?aaioathueo /aeiaae, a
aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa, ia o?aaoaony i?aeoe/anee ieeaeie oi?iaeueiie
?aaeaiaioaoeee, e?iia naiuo iaueo i?aaee. Oaeay a?oiia iiaeao
ooieoeeiie?iaaoue oieueei i?e oneiaee aeinoaoi/iiai acaeiiiiieiaiey e
acaeiiii o/aoa eioa?ania eaaeaeiai, ia iniiaa au?aaioaiiuo aioo?e a?oiiu
i?aaee iiaaaeaiey.

A iaeuo a?oiiao i?aiaeaaeatho iaoi?iaeueiua ioiioaiey
acaeiiaeaenoaothueo ethaeae. Iie aeeaoo e ooieoeeiie?otho
i?aeiouanoaaiii ii caeiiai ineoieiaee, eioi?ua ca/anooth aeaaea ia
iniciathony, ii aeaenoaotho aanueia yooaeoeaii. Ecaanoii – a /oaeie
iiianou?ue ni naiei onoaaii ia oiaeyo… A eaaeaeie naiuea, a eaaeaeie
eiiiaiee – naie i?aaeea iiaaaeaiey.

Iau/ii th?eaee/aneea caeiiu ia i?aaeienuaatho aeey oaeeo naiuo iaeuo
nioeeaeueiuo a?oii, eae naiuey eee ae?oaeaneay eiiiaiey, niaoeeaeueiuo
ii?i acaeiiioiioaiee, aeaaea anee naiuey eee ae?ocuey i?aaenoaaeytho
niaie aua e i?iecaiaenoaaiioth a?oiio. I?eioeei ni?aaaaeeeainoe yaeyaony
iaiaoiaeeiui e iaecaaaeiui oneiaeai nio?aiaiey iaeuo a?oii; anee aai iao
– iie auno?i ?aniaaeathony, aeaaea aac nouanoaaiiiai aiaoiaai
aicaeaenoaey, i?inoi iiae aeaaeaieai aioo?aiieo i?ioeai?a/ee.
Ineoieiae/aneay iaoea ii?aaeaeyao iaeneiaeueiue ?acia? iaoi?iaeueiie
iaeie a?oiiu a 7 – 10 /aeiaae. Anee naiuey ninoieo ec aieueoaai /enea
ethaeae, o/anoaothueo a aeaiiii i?aaei?eyoee, – aeieaeiu auoue
i?aaeoniio?aiu th?eaee/aneea ia?aie/aiey, eneeth/athuea aiciiaeiinoue
yenieoaoaoeee neaauo /eaiia naiuee neeueiuie.

Iaeiei ec ia?ae/iuo o?iaiae naiii?aaiecaoeee o?oaeiaiai eieeaeoeaa
yaeyaony i?ionithc, ?aoathuee nioeeaeueiua aii?inu ?aaioieeia; yoi
ia/aeueiue i?aai nioeeaeueiiai naiioi?aaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai
eieeaeoeaa. I?iecaiaenoaaiiue niaao i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ia?ae/iue i?aai
i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai naiioi?aaeaiey. E oio, e ae?oaie iaiaoiaeeiu aeey
eneeth/aiey i?iecaiea ni noi?iiu oi?iaeueiiai eeaea?a – ?oeiaiaeeoaey
i?aaei?eyoey. A iaeii eieeaeoeaa (aei 7 /aeiaae) i?ionithc e
i?iecaiaenoaaiiue niaao – aanniuneeoea, a?oeoaeoo?iia eceeoanoai. A
n?aaeiai e aieueoii – yoi oaea iaiaoiaeeiinoue, aa?aioe?othuay aaeain
eioa?ania anao o/anoieeia i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai i?ioeanna; iaiaoiaeeiinoue,
iiaeiaiay oie, eioi?ay canoaaeyao i?iaeoiuaaoue aaeain aeeyiey ?acee/iuo
aaoaae aeanoe a iauanoaa e oai naiui i?aiyonoaoao onoaiiaeaieth
yaienoe/aneeo oi?i i?aaeaiey (oe?aiee, ieeaa?oee, ioeie?aoee) a naiii
aieueoii iauaaeeiaiee ethaeae – ainoaea?noaa.

A i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo eieeaeoeaao, ian/eouaathueo aeanyoee e nioie
?aaioieeia, i?aeiouanoaaiii aeaenoaotho nioeeieiae/aneea e
yeiiiie/aneea caeiiu, a ia ineoieiae/aneea. A eieeaeoeaao,
iauaaeeiythueo ouny/e ?aaioieeia, – a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue yeiiiie/aneea, a
caoai i?iyaeytho naia aeaenoaea iieeoieiae/aneea e nioeeieiae/aneea
caeiiu.

Ia aeaea, e a aieueoeo e a iaeuo iauiinoyo aeaenoaotho ana
auoaia?a/eneaiiua caeiiu, io?aaeathuea iaaeee/iinoiua,
i?iecaiaenoaaiiua, yeiiiie/aneea, nioeeaeueiua e iaaeeoeueoo?aeueiua
ioiioaiey ethaeae. Iaeiaei ia eaaeaeii ec eiee/anoaaiiuo o?iaiae
/aeiaa/aneeo iauiinoae iaiyaony noaiaiue aeeyiey ineoieiae/aneeo,
nioeeieiae/aneeo, yeiiiie/aneeo, iieeoieiae/aneeo eee
eoeueoo?aeueii-eaeaieiae/aneeo caeiiia nioeeoia.

Eaeay naiioi?aaeythueony nenoai

Iia eiaao aeoaieea enoi?e/aneea ei?ie. E e?anoueyineay iaueia, e
aia?oi-neiaeeeaeenoneea i?iaeou ia/aea aaea, e ?aiiea nioeeaeenoe/aneea
eiiioiu, e niaaoneea eieoicu, e nia?aiaiiua eniaineea i?iecaiaenoaaiiua
eiiia?aoeau, aaea nianoaaiieeaie yaeythony naie ?aaioieee (oae
iacuaaaiay “iiiae?aaiineay” iiaeaeue), e iiiaea ae?oaea oi?iu
naiioi?aaeythueony nenoai aeaiiino?e?otho niaie enoi?e/aneoth
iaecaaaeiinoue iinoaiaiiiai ia?aoiaea io aeanoei oeaio?aeeciaaiiuo,
aaoi?eoa?iuo (n ioaaonoaaiiinoueth e i?aaii i?eieiaoue ?aoaiey, aeanoei
cae?aieaiiuie ca eeaea?ii) oi?i oi?aaeaiey – ?aaiaeaaeaeue/aneie,
oaiaeaeueiie, eaieoaeenoe/aneie, a caoai e nioeeaeenoe/aneiai
iaoa?iaeecia, – e nioeeaeueiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe, e iaiieiaieth eaeae
aeaiie?aoee, ia?iaeiaeanoey ?aaeueiuie oaoiieiaeyie naiioi?aaeaiey anao
nioeeaeueiuo iiaenenoai.

Aeeaeaeoaa aoaeouaa, ii-aeaeeiiio, iicaieeo ?ac?aaioaoue
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaua aniaeou i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai, oa??eoi?eaeueiiai,
ianoiiai e nioeeaeueiiai naiioi?aaeaiey.

Eaeay ii?aeueii-i?aaiaiai iauanoaa

Ia?eiaeu ?aaiethoeee e ?aoi?i a enoi?ee iauanoaa anaaaea
nii?iaiaeaeaeenue niaiie iiiaeo i?eaioe?ia, “niaiie aao”. A
iineaaeothuai iiiaea, ia ia?aue acaeyae i?eaeaeaoaeueiua, oeaee
ieacuaaeenue eeethci?iuie, eiaeiuie eee iaaeinoeaeeiuie, iiiaea
o?aaiaaee ooi/iaiey. Ai?aa/aaneay ia?ano?ieea, ia/aaoayny n
aeaenoaeoaeueii iaiaoiaeeiiai ?ane?aiiuaiey iauanoaaiiiai niciaiey,
oe?iei eniieueciaaea i?eioeei: ?ac?aoaii ana, /oi ia cai?auaii. Iaeiaei
i/aiue nei?i iaia?oaeeeanue eiaeiinoue yoiai i?eioeeia ia oieueei a
aeacao niaoeeaeenoia, ii e a aeacao oe?ieie iauanoaaiiinoe. Oeacaiiue
oacen noae oneeaiii yenieoaoe?iaaoueny naiuie oeeie/iuie ethaeueie, eai
iie iiae?acoiaaaee caeanue eeoue cai?aou th?eaee/aneiai oa?aeoa?a.
Caeiiioai?/anoai – anaaaea ia auno?ue i?ioeann e anaaaea, iniaaiii a
ia?aoiaeiua ia?eiaeu, ionoathuee io iiauo oi?i nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo
ioiioaiee. Aeey oeeieeia aicieeea e?aeia aeaaii?eyoiay aoiinoa?a
inouanoaeaiey naiuo ianooaaiuo iaoeiaoeee e aoa?: caeiiii aua ia auee
onoaiiaeaiu niioaaonoaothuea ia?aie/aiey, o.e. ia auei niioaaonoaothuae
i?aeoeee.

Aeey ii?yaei/iiai /aeiaaea, a yoi, e?iia anaai i?i/aai, neiiiei
aeaeueiiaeaeiinoe e oia a?aaeaeaieia, nouanoaoao ai?acaei aieaa aunieee
e no?iaee, a n?aaiaiee n th?eaee/aneeie ii?iaie, ia?aie/eoaeueiue caeii.
Yoi – ii?aeue! Eiaiii ii?aeueiua ii?iu cai?auatho aio iaiaiuaaoue,
i?aaeaaaoue, oie/oiaeaoue, ?ac?ooaoue e o.i., aeaaea anee yoi aeaeaaony
ia noa?uie, a niaa?oaiii iiauie, iai?eau/iuie aeey iauanoaa niiniaaie.

?ino th?eaee/aneie e yoe/aneie eoeueoo?u a?aaeaeai, ia?yaeo n
oaeoaeaieai ineoieiae/aneeo e yeiiiie/aneeo ciaiee, nicaeaao
i?aaeiinueeo aeey ia?aoiaea iauanoaa io i?aaiaie oi?iu ?aaoeyoeee
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee e ii?aeueii-i?aaiaie oi?ia.

Eaeay iioeioia

Ia i?ioyaeaiee aeeeoaeueiiai io?acea a?aiaie /aeiaa/aneia iauanoai
?acaeaaeinue eae nenoaia, noaayuay ia?aae niaie iaeneiaeueiua oeaee:
iaeneiaeueii ?anoe?eoue oa??eoi?eth ainoaea?noaa e noa?o aeeyiey
eaeaieiaee; aeinoe/ue ia i?inoi aeinoaoea, a ?ineioe; auieaaeoue eae
iiaeii aieueoa noaee, au?anoeoue eae iiaeii aieueoa oeaaa, i?iecaanoe
eae iiaeii aieueoa yaea?iuo aiaaieiaie; i?ineoue ana ionouie, inooeoue
ana aieioa, iiaa?iooue ?aee aniyoue e o.i. Yoio iaeneiaeeci neaaeoao
n/eoaoue anoanoaaiiui aeey iaeaii-?iiaioe/aneie oacu ?acaeoey
iauanoaaiiiai niciaiey e eaeaieiaee.

Nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea ?aaeee eiioea OO noieaoey canoaaeee
iieeoeeia, yeiiiienoia e i?iecaiaenoaaiieeia eiinoaoe?iaaoue
ni?aaaaeeeainoue eacaaoeony aua iaaeaaii iaeaii-ooiie/aneeie
i?aaenoaaeaiee iiiaeo ie?iauo ?aeeaee i iaiaoiaeeiinoe aa?iiiee n
i?e?iaeie, i naiiia?aie/aiee /aeiaaea e iauanoaa. Aeueoa?iaoeaie oaeiio
naiiia?aie/aieth yaeyaony naiioie/oiaeaiea /aeiaa/anoaa, a ?acoeueoaoa
aiei, yeieiae/aceeo eaoano?io eee iai?aaeaeaeaiiuo iineaaenoaee
?aaiethoeeiiiuo iao/iuo ioe?uoee. Io ai?ueau eeannia, ainoaea?noa,
eaeaieiaee, eoeueoo? /aeiaa/anoai iaycaii ia?aeoe e ?aaeecaoeee
oieaa?naeueiiai o?aaiaaiey ooieoeeiie?iaaiey anao neiaeiuo nenoai:
ia/aeueiay eiio?iioaoeey noiaeiuo /anoae e yeaiaioia iac?aeiai iauanoaa
aeieaeia a eoiaa i?eaanoe e aa?iiie/iiio acaeiiaeiiieiaieth
niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo, ia noiaeiuo yeaiaioia nioeeaeueiuo nenoai.

I?eioeei iioeioia (i?eioeei “cieioie na?aaeeiu”, i?eioeei onoie/eaiai
?acaeoey) icia/aao ioeac io aeiieie?iaaaoae aaeaie i?inoie oeaee –
eiee/anoaaiiiai ?inoa, auai? ea/anoaaiiiai i?ia?anna eae iiaie
aeieaia?aiaiiie oeaee, ca n/ao i?eioeeieaeueiiai ioeaca io e?aeiinoae a
oi?ie?iaaiee ianooaaiuo i?ia?aii e i?iaeoia ai anao noa?ao
aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea. A nouiinoe yoi o?aaiaaiea aeaoaeueiie
i?iaeoiaiiinoe e oi/iiai ?an/aoa anao nouanoaaiiuo iineaaenoaee,
aicieeiiaaiea eioi?uo aiciiaeii i?e ?aaeecaoeee ethaiai e?oiiiai
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai i?iaeoa, ioeaiee ia oieueei aeiiieieoaeueiuo
auaiae, iieo/aaiuo i?e aeinoeaeaiee iinoaaeaiiie oeaee, ii e niioiioaiey
aoaeoueo auea?uoae e iioa?ue.

Oaeie iiaeoiae iinoaiaiii auc?aaaao eae anoanoaaiiia neaaenoaea
iniciaiey ia?aciaaiiie /anoueth iauanoaa aeaenoaey ia oieueei caeiiia
o?aaeeoeeiiiie iaoa?eaeenoe/aneie aeeaeaeoeee, ii e nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaea
– iaeiiai ec aeaaiuo iaoiaeieiae/aneeo eino?oiaioia anae nia?aiaiiie
iaoee.

Neiaeiua nenoaiu iiaoo ninoiyoue oieueei ec iaiaeeiaeiauo,
acaeiiaeiiieiythueo yeaiaioia. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, nioeeaeueiua a?oiiu,
iaoeee, ainoaea?noaa, eoeueoo?u aeieaeiu auoue ?aciuie aeey oiai, /oiau
auoue acaeiiiieaciuie. Eiiai ia aeaii! Oaeiau oeeinioneee e yoe/aneee
eiia?aoeau a?aiaie.

Iiaia, eae ecaanoii, ?iaeaeaaony a ai?ueaa i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoae, ii?ie
io/eoaeueii. Oeaeue iaiiaeaiey iauanoaa – oeo/oaiea ea/anoaa aeecie
ethaeae! No?aaeaiey, eioi?ua eniuouaatho ethaee a oiaea nioeeaeueiuo
ia?aiai, – eeoue iiai/iue yooaeo, eioi?ue aeaeaoaeueii naanoe e
ieieioio, ii aiana ecaaaeaoue o?oaeii. E ana aea ia neo/aeii neacaii:
“Aeaaeai, eoi iinaoee nae ie? a aai ieioou ?ieiaua…” ?ieue ?innee, eae
iiaiai eeaea?a ie?iaiai niiauanoaa, aaconeiaii, aoaeao caaenaoue io
noaiaie ia?aciaaiiinoe, o?oaeiethaey, niei/aiiinoe, aeaeueiiaeaeiinoe e
aeaaea aeaai?iaenoaa ?inneyi.

Iineaa, ?inney eae “o?aoee ?ei” iiaeao ninoiyoueny ia noieueei iioiio,
/oi iia auea i?aaeneacaia iai Ia?aoeaeuenii, Iino?aaeaionii e
i?aaineaaiuie nayouie, neieueei iioiio, /oi ?inney – yoi Aa?acey, ianoi,
aaea noieeioeenue a oeoaie/aneie ai?ueaa ianeieueei ie?iauo eoeueoo?:
i?aaineaaiay, eoaeaeneay, ionoeueiaineay, i?ioanoaioneay, aoaeaeenoneay.
Nooue oaeiai i?ioeainoiyiey, i?aaeaea anaai, a i?ioeainoiyiee aeaoo
aaeeeeo eaeae – eaeae Naiaiaeu e eaeae Ni?aaaaeeeainoe.

Enoi?eee eoeueoo?u n/eoatho, /oi i?ioanoaioneay eoeueoo?a e yoeea,
noaaoay ooiaeaiaioii oi?ie?iaaiey eaieoaeenoe/aneeo ioiioaiee ia Caiaaea
e iniiaie nioeeaeueiie oeeinioee caiaaeiiaa?iiaeneiai eiaeeaeaeoaeecia,
aace?oaony ia ?aeeaeiciii iinooeaoa i aiciiaeiinoe eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai
nianaiey aeooe… A iauaeaiiie aeecie yoi icia/aao – “Anye nai ca
naay…”, “Ionoue iaoaea/iee iea/ao!..”.

A i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue Caiaaeo, a aei?aaiethoeeiiiie ?innee iauanoaaiiia
niciaiea aaconeiaii i?eieiaei i?aaineaaiue iinooeao aa?u i
i?eioeeieaeueiie aiciiaeiinoe eeoue eieeaeoeaiiai nianaiey. Eaaeaeue
/aeiaae, eaeaioeoeoee?iaaaoee naay n ?onneie eoeueoo?ie, nayoi aa?ee a
oi, /oi nianoenue, aieoe a Oea?noaea Aiaeea iiaeii eee anai ia?iaeii –
eee ieeiio… Ionthaea au?aaeaiea “Nayoay ?onue”, eioi?ia iiae/a?eeaaao
aeooiaiinoue e nayoinoue ia oieueei eo/oeo ethaeae, aeooiaiuo
i?aaenoaaeoaeae ia?iaea, ii e eieeaeoeaeci, aeooiaioth iaoeaeaiiinoue
anaai ?inneeneiai iauanoaa.

A ioee/ea io eieeaeoeaecia aceaoneiai, ?inneeneee eieeaeoeaeci anaaaea
iiae?acoiaaae ia neaiia iiae/eiaiea aiea aiaeaey, a eiaeeaeaeoaeueioth
ioaaonoaaiiinoue, iiaeaea e aieth eiaeeaeaea a aeinoeaeaiee iauanoaaiii
cia/eiie, “nayoie” oeaee. E ia oae oae aaaeii aeey iianaaeiaaiiai
iiaaaeaiey /aeiaaea, a /ai ninoieo “nayoay” oeaeue – iiianoue iinea
nia?oe a ?ae eee iino?ieoue ?ae caeanue, ia caiea!

E naaiaeiy nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneia iiaaaeaiea aa?othueo e iaaa?othueo
ethaeae, ii nouanoao, ii?aaeaeyaony eo auai?ii – n/eoatho iie aiciiaeiui
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiia eee oieueei eieeaeoeaiia nianaiea. A oi?iuaiiie noaia:
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiia nianaiea – yoi caiaaeiiaa?iiaeneee e
naaa?iaia?eeaineee aa?eaio ?acaeoey oeeaeeecaoeee; eieeaeoeaiia –
“ainoi/iiaceaoneee” (e i?eia?o, naaa?iei?aeneee…).

Aiciiaeii, ?inneeneee, aa?aceeneee iooue ?acaeoey oeeaeeecaoeee
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie oio ?inoie nioeeaeueiie aa?iiiee, eioi?ue io?eoeaao
e?aeiinoe aeiaiaoe/aneiai eieeaeoeaecia e eiaeeaeaeoaeecia, niaaeeiyy a
naaa aeinoieinoaa aa?ie/aneiai naiiiiaea?oaiaaiey /aeiaaea ?aaee
iauanoaaiii cia/eiie oeaee e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie naiaiaeu a iauanoaa
naiaiaeiuo e ?aaiuo a aeinoieinoaa ethaeae!

I?ia?anneaiua neeu ?innee eiatho aeinoaoi/iua iniiaaiey ooaa?aeaeaoue,
/oi ioaao ia enoi?e/aneee aucia aoaeao iioeiaeueiui! A ai?ueaa eaeae
i/enoeony io aeiaiaoia, eaee, iieeoeeainoaa e caneyao iaia?eiouei naaoii
iai?aoiaeyuay neaayineay, “?onneay eaeay” – eaeay Aa?iiiee, eaeay
aaeeinoaa acaeiiaeiiieiythueo ea/anoa noieue ia iioiaeeo ae?oa ia ae?oaa
ethaeae, eioi?ua niiniaiu aeinoe/ue naiaai ee/iiai n/anouey oieueei
aianoa.

I?e?iaea /aeiaaea oaeiaa, /oi aai aeayoaeueiinoue anaaaea eniuouaaao
aeeyiea aeaoo i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo oaiaeaioeee. Iaeia ec ieo – no?aieaiea,
ii aiciiaeiinoe, iaiueoa oo?oaeaeaoue naay, ae?oaay – iaiaoiaeeiinoue
oyaeei o?oaeeoueny, /oiau aeinoe/ue cia/eiuo oeaeae, oaeiaeaoai?aiey
iaoa?eaeueiuo e aeooiaiuo iio?aaiinoae. Eaieoaeeci, eae nenoaia
yenieoaoaoeee /aeiaaea /aeiaaeii, e iauanoai, iiae/eiaiiia
iaoaea?aeeiiio no?aieaieth yenieoaoaoi?ia e iaaeeaa, – aanueia
yooaeoeaii e i/aiue aeanoei canoaaeyao ?aaioaoue aieueoeinoai ethaeae.
Ii, aiieia oaeiaeaoai?yy iaoa?eaeueiua iio?aaiinoe, yoa nenoaia ia
iicaieyao, a aeinoaoi/iie noaiaie, oaeiaeaoai?youe aeooiaiua iio?aaiinoe
ethaeae.

Iaeaiue nioeeaeeci, aa?aioe?oy ii?aaeaeaiioth noaiaiue nioeeaeueiie
caueuaiiinoe /aeiaaea io neo/aeiinoae, i?eioeeieaeueii ia?aie/eaay
noaiaiue eiouanoaaiiiai ia?aaainoaa, iiiaeo neeoeii ?anoieaaeeaaao a
?aaioa. A iniiaa oaeiai iieiaeaiey aauae eaaeeo oi?iuaiiia iiieiaiea
nioeeaeueiie ni?aaaaeeeainoe, eioi?ay o?aeooaony eae nioeeaeueiay
aacioaaonoaaiiinoue, ioiaia niaa?oaiii iaiaoiaeeiie e anoanoaaiiie a
ethaie aeeaie nenoaia eiieo?aioeee; eiieo?aioeey ia ia oie/oiaeaiea, a
ia auoaniaiea a noa?o oaeaioa. Anyeay iiiuoea ioiaieoue
i?aaeoniio?aiioth i?e?iaeie anoanoaaiioth eiieo?aioeeth iaecaaaeii
i?eaaaeao e o?aaieeiaea a iieaoa o?oaea, iauanoaaiiay iieaciinoue e
?acoeueoaoeaiinoue eioi?iai, ii?ie, auaaao ianiiinoaaeia o ?aciuo
ethaeae.

Caaea/a ninoieo a oii, /oiau a iauanoaaiiie i?aeoeea noaea aiciiaeiie
?aiaa iaaeinooiiay aa?iiiey i?ioeai?a/eauo (e a i?aaeuaeouea yiioe
acaeiii iiaeaaeythueo ae?oa ae?oaa) enoi/ieeia nioeeaeueiiai ?acaeoey –
eioa?ania eiaeeaeaea e nioeeoia.

Aeinoeaeaiea oaeie aa?iiiee iicaieeo iiiaie?aoii oaaee/eoue
?acoeueoaoeaiinoue nioeeaeueii-iieaciie aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea, eai io
iai?iaeoeoeaiuo noieeiiaaiee eioa?ania, io ?aciiiai?aaeaiiiai,
“a?ioiianeiai” aeaeaeaiey nioeeaeueiuo /anoeoe (eiaeeaeaeia) e eo
aa?aaaoia (nioeeaeueiuo a?oii e neiaa), io?aaeathueo iecoee, ii/oe
iaoaie/aneee, o?iaaiue iauaaeeiaiey ethaeae, iauanoai niiaeao ia?aeoe e
nenoaiiiio o?iaith i?aaiecaoeee, aaea i?aai i?iyaeyoue eieoeeaoeao
i?aaeinoaaeyaony eaaeaeiio, a ?aaiie ia?a i?e oneiaee ioaaonoaaiiinoe
ia?aae eieeaeoeaii e iauanoaii, aaea ee/iinoiue iioaioeeae e ee/iua
?ano?nu ioaeaeueiiai /aeiaaea aa?iiie/ii iauaaeeiaiu n eioi?iaoeeiiiui
iioaioeeaeii e iaoa?eaeueiuie ?ano?naie anaai iauanoaa.

Oaeay i?aaiecaoeey iauanoaaiiie aeecie iicaieeo noiie?iaaoue, a ia
au/eoaoue ec iauaai ?acoeueoaoa oneeey ioaeaeueiuo ethaeae e a?oii, a
eieinnaeueiie noaiaie oaaee/eaaoue ?acoeueoao iauae ?aaiou, iai?aaeaiiie
ia aeinoeaeaiea n/anouey /aeiaa/anoaa, eai ia niaio ?anoi/athuae neeu
ai?ueaa iauanoaa n /aeiaaeii e /aeiaaea n iauanoaii i?eaeao aa?iiiey
eioa?ania – i?eciae aeinoeaeaiey ?anoeaaoa, c?aeinoe, nioeeaeueiie
aeoeaiinoe e noaaeeueiinoe aeey ethaiai yaeaiey iaoa?eaeueiiai e
aeooiaiiai ie?a.

Nenoaia eaeae e i?eioeeiia nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie i?aaiecaoeee
iauanoaa, eceiaeaiiay auoa, iicaieyao iiaeiyoueny aua ia iaeio nooiaiue
ia iooe aeinoeaeaiey aa?iiie/iiai aaeeinoaa i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo nee,
aeaenoaothueo a nioeeoia. Eaaeaeue /aeiaae niiaeao auae?aoue
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue iooue ?aaeecaoeee nianoaaiiuo aiciiaeiinoae e
niiniaiinoae. Iaeie, a niioaaonoaee ni naiei oa?aeoa?ii e acaeyaeaie,
aoaeoo iaaeeaiii, ii iai?a?uaii e oii?ii i?iaeaeaaoueny e aa?oeiai
i?eciaiey e oniaoa, ae?oaea – /a?aaeiaaoue y?/aeoea oai?/aneea aniuoee n
ia?eiaeaie ioiineoaeueiie ianneaiinoe, o?aouee – a iianaaeiaaiie ?aaioa
eniuouaaoue iiaeuaiu e niaaeu. Eaaeaeue ec yoeo noeeae aeecie a iauanoaa
ioithaeue ia eneeth/aao ae?oaiai, a iaiaoiaeeiui ia?acii aeiiieiyao.

Iauanoai, nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneay aeeciue eioi?iai iniiaaia ia
auoaeceiaeaiiuo i?eioeeiao, eneeth/aao aiciiaeiinoue iaoa?eaeueiie
ioaeaeu aeey ac?ineuo, aani?eci?iinoe aeey aeaoae, ieuaou e
caa?ioaiiinoe aeey noa?eeia. I?aaiecaoeey oaeiai iauanoaa noaaeo
na?ueaciua i?aiiiu eae aeey yenieoaoaoeee, oae e aeey iieo/aiey
iacaneoaeaiiuo iauanoaaiiuo aeaa ooiayaeoeaie.

Ai anao aeaoaeyo oaeie nioeeoi, aaea oniaoii ?aaeecoaony i?eioeei “io
eaaeaeiai ii niiniaiinoyi, eaaeaeiio – ii o?oaeo”, i?aaenoaaeoue
neiaeii, aea e i?i?aaaouaaoue yoe aeaoaee, e oai?aoe/anee, e
i?aeoe/anee, i?eaeaony ia iaeiiio /aeiaaeo, e aeaaea ia ioaeaeueiie
ia?oee, a anaio iauanoao. Iaeiaei “aoaeao aeaiue, aoaeao e ieua…”

Ieeoi ia aeano iai ecaaaeaiuey …

Io ioaaonoaaiiinoe aeaiie?aoe/aneeo aiaeaeae –

e aeaiie?aoee ioaaonoaaiiuo a?aaeaeai

Caaea/a iino?iaiey ni?aaaaeeeaiai, naiioi?aaeythuaainy iauanoaa o?aaoao
auiieiaiey oeaeiai ?yaea oneiaee. Iaeiaei i?aaenoaaeyaony niaa?oaiii
yniui, /oi yoiai ia neo/eony aei oao ii?, iiea iauanoai ia caoi/ao
aeeoue a oneiaeyo nioeeaeueiie ni?aaaaeeeainoe e iiea
nioeeaeueii-ioaaonoaaiiua ethaee (a?aaeaeaia) io/aoeeai ia oaeaeyo
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue anao iaiaoiaeeiuo yoaiia ia?aoiaea io aeecie,
iniiaaiiie ia oaiaoaiee iaeiiai /aeiaaea ae?oaei, – e ni?aaaaeeeaui
ioiioaieyi ethaeae a nioeeoia.

Ioaao ia aii?in: “Ii/aio aei neo ii? ia ninoiyeny ni?aaaaeeeaue no?ie
aeecie a NNN? – ?innee?” – aeinoaoi/ii i/aaeaeai. Iioiio, /oi “yeeoa” e
yoiio ia no?aieeanue, a ia?iae ia aeaeae naiinoiyoaeueii aeoiaoue, eae
iino?ieoue oaeia iauanoai, iuoaynue ia?aeiaeeoue e ioaaonoaaiiinoue, e
aeanoue ia Aa?iy.

Ia?iae aeaeae eeaea?a, aaaeouaai a naaoeia aoaeouaa, Aiaeaey, eioi?ue
aai – aacaeoiiiai, ianneaiiai, ia aeaeathuaai ie a /ai na?ueacii
?acia?aoueny, i?eiyoue ia naay ioaaonoaaiiinoue, ioeacaoueny io naieo
iauaeoeaiuo ii?ieia, – nianao e nio?aieo, eae Eenon a aeaeaeneea a?aiaia
naie ia?iae. Naaiaeiy eaaeaeue cae?aaiiuneyuee /aeiaae iiieiaao, /oi
aoaeouaa au?anoaao ec anao eoiaia i?ioeiai: /oi iinaaoue a ianoiyuai, oi
e iiaeiaoue a aoaeouai. Ieeiio ia iicaieaii “auaoaoue a ?ae ia /oaeii
ai?ao”. “Ieeoi ia aeano iai ecaaaeaiuey …” Aeaa ouny/e eao nionoy
/aeiaa/anoai iiac?ineaei. I?e ethauo yenia?eiaioao eee ?aoi?iao ia
oieueei iieeoeeai, ii e eaaeaeiio a?aaeaeaieio neaaeoao iniiaaoaeueii
iiaeoiaoue, i?aaeaea /ai /oi-oi iinayoue, /oiau ia ieaeaoue io aanneeey,
eiaaea i?eaeao ii?a aeaoau.

I I N E A N E I A E A

Neaaeoao i?eciaoue, /oi iiyaeaiea yoiai aeieoiaioa ia naao auei
oaeeaeoaeueii e ii/oe ia?aaeueii. A eiiiaoa, aaea oea aea?eay aeeneonney
i aoaeouai ?innee, iaoa?eaeeciaaeny e?oaeieeoeue /aeiaae n aanaeuie
aieoauie aeacaie e eo?eoaeueiie o?oaeie a ?oea. Ii aaaeeeai
i?aaenoaaeeny: “Eicao. Ec I?aae… *aoneay annioeeaoeey aeaeueiie
eioaeeeaaioeee”. Iiaeaa ?oeiienue, ii neacae: “?a/ue eaeao i iaoae e
aaoae iieueca… ” Ia aii?in i aai oaieeee ioaaoee ei?ioei e e?ioei:
“Aaeaea”.

No?aiiua ana aea oaieeee auaatho o neaayi… A iiaeao, oae ii ?aoee
au?aceoue naia ioiioaiea e naaiaeiyoiaio iieiaeaieth e iiceoeee ?onneie
e /aoneie eioaeeeaaioeee? Auynieoue ia oniaee. Ii en/ac, inoaaea
nii?ueeai oaeno i?ia?aiiu ia ?onneii ycuea e eiea/ei aieoaiai oaaa/iiai
aeuia.

*oi oaeia Aeaeueiay Eioaeeeaaioeey? Iaaa?iia, i?eia?ii oi aea, /oi e
aea?aiue eaae… Aeeaeaeoeea!

Ianoaeea yoi no?aiiia i?ienoanoaea, nii?ueee ?aoeee, /oi ?acoiiiio
/aeiaaeo e neacaiiiai, iiaeaeoe, aeinoaoi/ii. Sapienti sat, eae ec?aeee
au a aioe/iua a?aiaia!

Eoi-oi caaeoi/eai ni?inee: “A ?acaa Eaiieae Oeeaoia ia i?aaenoaaeyao
aeaeueioth /anoue ?inneeneie e ?onneie eioaeeeaaioeee? A ?acaa aai
Oaaeio-no?aeaoe ia Aaeaea?..”

Io, iiaeii ee i?aaenoaaeoue ie?

aac oooie?!.

Aea ii aac oooie aue au i?inoi aeooie!..

Eiaaea ia na?aeoea oieiae, no?ao e oueia –

Eeoue thii? ia aeaao nieoe n oia!..

Noaeueaa ea?aao n iaie a “/ao” e “ia/ao”,

Oiuiea eacieo, a thii? ea/eo.

Oaaea oooai, /oi aia?aiy niiaee

Ian oaea?aeaoue io yaea e iaoee!..

I/a?aaeiie i?ioaino ia aueaeao a aeaiee,

E cia/eo, aeeciue a naie aa?iaony ?aiee,

E cia/eo, a ie?a anoue e nouae e /anoue,

E ni?aaaaeeeainoue oiaea a ie?a anoue!..

Caaeoiaeenue… A eae au naaiaeiy iiaae naay a?aaue Oaaee, oai aieaa
anee au anooiee a naiai? n Aaeaeie? Iaaa?iia, iie ia?ai-iaia?ai niiaueee
au “ii aieueoiio nae?aoo” eaaeaeiio naiaio ciaeiiiio, /oi:

– ia?aui aeaeii ioaeii icaaioeoueny ia oai, /oiau aua?aoue oi?ioaai
i?aceaeaioa, a oai, /oiau aua?aoue iiaeoiaeyuoth iiaeaeue i?aaiecaoeee
iauanoaa, oaeiai, aaea e ninenee, e ai?/eoea anaaaea ioiaiiiai ea/anoaa
e aeinooiiu eaaeaeiio i?eee/iiio /aeiaaeo. A aeey oiai, /oiau yoi ana
naa?oeeinue, – ioaeia aunieay iauaaeeiythuay oeaeue, eaeay! A
aeaeueoa?.. Ethaie Aaeaea, a eo iaiaei a ?innee e nae/an, neaaeao, /oi
oi?ioay eaeay auno?i iaeaaeaao iannaie e ii?iaeeo no?oeoo?o, niiniaioth
?aaeeciaaoue oaeoth aeaai?iaeioth oeaeue. A eiioea eiioeia, ia oae
no?aoai /a?o, eae aai iaeththo!

– aeaaiue aii?in – yoi eieeaeoeaiay nianoaaiiinoue ia n?aaenoaa
i?iecaiaenoaa e nenoaiiia naiioi?aaeaiea eae oi?ia aeanoe ia?iaea iaae
aeanoueth;

– oa, eoi ian yenieoaoe?oao, ia no?aoiu, a niaoiu, o?oneeau e aeaeee;

– aeaiueae e aeanoue – ia oeaeue aeecie, a eeoue n?aaenoai aeey
aeinoeaeaiey iaeioi?uo, ia aeaaiuo oeaeae;

– ii?yaei/iui ethaeyi ia neaaeoao aea?oaiaaoue niaie, caiaiyy iaeiiai
ai?a-i?aaeoaey ia ae?oaiai. Neaaeoao naeaeaoue ai?ianoai i/aaeaeiui aeey
ie?oaeathueo, a iioiio iaauaiaeiui aeey ethaiai ia/aeueieea, ethaiai
iieeoeea.

Iaaa?iia, yoe ieeua ethaee iaiiiieee au o?iee ia?iaeiuo neacie e
eeanne/aneie eeoa?aoo?u: aaea iao aiciiaeiinoe iaiaaeeaiii inoaiiaeoue
ia ni?aaaaeeeainoue – niaeoanue e aeo?a/ueoanue! “A?aaeaeaia! – neacaee
au iie, – aeo?a/ueoa iai?iiaeoth eo/eo aeo?aeia, ouaoii iaaeathueony
iaeo?a/eoue oeaeue ia?iae. I?e yoii, ?aaee aiaa, ia caauaaeoa
iiniayoueny e iaae niaie! Eia/a ca aan yoi naeaeatho ae?oaea!”

17.10.97

I?ia?aiio n oaeeaeaieai iiaeaioiaee e ioaeeeaoeee A.A.Oaeeiieyn.

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