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Партии в политической системе общества

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Oaia: “Ia?oee a iieeoe/aneie nenoaia iauanoaa”

Ieai:

Nouiinoue, iniiaiua i?eciaee e ooieoeee iieeoe/aneie ia?oee.

I?ienoiaeaeaiea e oi?ie?iaaiea ia?oee.

Einoeoooeeiiaeecaoeey ia?oee.

Oeiieiaey ia?oee e ia?oeeiuo nenoai.

Iaiouaieaiie /anoueth iieeoe/aneie nenoaiu nia?aiaiiiai
aeaiie?aoe/aneiai iauanoaa yaeythony iieeoe/aneea ia?oee. Ia?oey- yoi
iieeoe/aneay iauanoaaiiay i?aaiecaoeey, eioi?ay ca aeanoue eee ca
o/anoea a inouanoaeaiee aeanoe. Niia?ie/anoai iieeoe/aneeo a?oii,
iauaaeeiaiiuo aie?oa aeeyoaeueiuo naiae eee iiioey?iuo eeaea?ia, a
oa/aiea iiiaeo aaeia ninoaaeyei oa?aeoa?ioth, nouanoaaiioth /a?oo
iieeoe/aneie enoi?ee. Ii oaeea i?aaiecaoeee, eioi?ua iu iacuaaai
iieeoe/aneeie ia?oeyie, aicieeee a Aa?iia e a Niaaeeiaiiuo Ooaoao ia
?aiaa ia/aea 19 aaea. Iai?eia?, a oaenoa aia?eeaineie Eiinoeoooeee.
Aeaeea?aoeee i?aa e naiaiae a?aaeaeaieia, a ae?oaeo iieeoe/aneeo
aeieoiaioao eiioea 18 a. iao aeaaea oiiieiaiey i iieeoe/aneeo ia?oeyo.

Oi?ie?iaaiea ia?oee auei aeiaieueii aeeeoaeueiui e neiaeiui i?ioeannii.
Ia?aiia/aeueii aeoeaii aeaenoaiaaee oieueei a ia?eiae ecae?aoaeueiuo
eiiiaiee. Iie ia eiaee iinoiyiii aeaenoaothueo ianoiuo i?aaiecaoeee.

Iieeoe/aneea ia?oee n i?eau/iuie aeey ian i?eciaeaie (ioi?ieaiiia
/eainoai a ia?oee, ia?oeeiua aeeaou, aciinu, aioo?eia?oeeiay
aeenoeeieeia) iiyaeeenue a Aa?iia n aicieeiiaaieai ianniaiai ?aai/aai
aeaeaeaiey. Nouanoaiaaiea nae/an iieeoe/aneea ia?oee ii i?aaiecaoeeiiiie
no?oeoo?a iiaeii e aeaoi iniiaiui oeiai- i?aaiecaoeeiiii ioi?ieaiiui e
i?aaiecaoeeiiii iaioi?ieaiiui. A ia?oeyo ia?aiai oeia /eaiu ia?oee
iieo/atho ia?oeeiua aeeaou e ieaoyo ia?oeeiua aciinu. A i?aaiecaoeeiiii
iaioi?ieaiiuo ia?oee iao ioeoeeaeueiiai /eainoaa, a aeey oiai /oiau
n/eoaoueny /eaiii oaeie ia?oee, aeinoaoi/ii i?iaieiniaaoue ia auai?ao ca
auaeaeiooiai ath eaiaeeaeaoa. Iaeaieaa ecaanoiuie i?eia?aie aoi?iai oeia
ia?oee yaeythony ?anioaeeeaineay e aeaiie?aoe/aneay ia?oee NOA,
eiina?aaoeaiay ia?oey Aaeeeia?eoaiee.

Iauaa, /oi i?enoua nia?aiaiiui iieeoe/aneei ia?oeyi e /oi ioee/aao eo
io ia?oee ia/aea e ia?aie iieiaeiu 19 a., – iaee/ea ia?oeeiiai aiia?aoa,
o.a. i?aaieciaaiiie a?oiiu ethaeae, aeey eioi?ie ia?oeeiay, iieeoe/aneay
aeayoaeueiinoue yaeyaony i?ioanneae. No?oeoo?a ia?oeeiiai aiia?aoa
ioaa/aao i?aaeaea anaai caaea/ai aaaeaiey ecae?aoaeueiie ai?ueau.

Eaaeaeay ia?oey nicaeaaaeanue aeey caueou eioa?ania ii?aaeaeaiiie
nioeeaeueiie a?oiiu. Iinoaiaiii iia i?eaeaeaea e naaa ana iiaua e iiaua
neie ecae?aoaeae A ?acoeueoaoa ia?oee noaee a aieueoeinoaa naiai
iauaaeeiaieyie, a eioi?uo a oii eee ae?oaii ni/aoaiee i?aaenoaaeaiu
eioa?anu ?acee/iuo nioeeaeueiuo a?oii. Ii yoie i?e/eia ia?oee, eae
i?aaeei, iaiaeii?iaeiu e eiatho aioo?e naay o?aeoeee- a?oiiu,
auaeaeaathuea i?ia?aiiu, ioee/iua io iauae i?ia?aiiu ia?oee.

Nouanoaiaaiea a ia?oee ianeieueeeo o?aeoeee, iai?aaeaiee ia ineaaeytho
ia?oeth, a iaiai?io, aeaeatho aa iieeoeeo aieaa aeaeie, iineieueeo
iiiiaaao ae nio?aieoue naia aeeyiea n?aaee ?aciiia?aciuo a?oii
ecae?aoaeae, o/eouaaoue iiiaiia?acea nioeeaeueiuo, yeiiiie/aneeo,
iieeoe/aneeo eioa?ania a iauanoaa. Iieeoeea ia?oee au?aaaouaaaony a
oiaea aioo?eia?oeeiie ai?ueau iaaeaeo ?acee/iuie o?aeoeeyie e oa/aieyie.

Oa neie iauanoaa, n?aaee eioi?uo ia?oey iieuecoaony iaeaieueoei
aeeyieai e eioi?ua iiaeaea?aeeaatho aa ia i?ioyaeaiea aeeeoaeueiiai
a?aiaie, ninoaaeytho aa nioeeaeueioth aaco, a ecae?aoaee, ?aaoey?ii
ioaeathuea ae aieina ia auai?ao,- aa yeaeoi?ao. O?aaeeoeeiiiie
nioeeaeueiie aacie nioeeae-aeaiie?aoe/aneeo ia?oee a Aa?iia aue ?aai/ee
eeann; eeaa?aeueii-aeaiie?aoe/aneea iiaeaea?aeeaaee n?aaeiea neie
(neoaeauea, eioaeeeaaioeey, iaeeea i?aaei?eieiaoaee e o.ae.); aa?a?iua
ia?oee iie?aeenue ia e?anoueyinoai; ia?oee, caieiaaoea eiina?aaoeaiua
iiceoeee, iieo/aee iiaeaea?aeeo e?oiiuo nianoaaiieeia, /anoe
e?anoueyinoaa e n?aaeieo neiaa. I?eia?ii a na?aaeeia 20 a. neooaoeey
eciaieeanue. E?oiiua ia?oee iieo/atho ia auai?ao aieina ecae?aoaeae ,
i?eiaaeeaaeaueo e ?acee/iui a?oiiai ianaeaiey. Oae, ca
nioeeae-aeaiie?aoia aieinotho ia oieueei ?aai/ea, ii e neoaeauea,
eioaeeeaaioeey, iaeeea e n?aaeiea nianoaaiieee. Ia?oee eiina?aaoeaiie
i?eaioaoeee iiaeaea?aeeaatho ?aai/ea e neoaeauea, /eaiu i?ionithcia e
i?aaei?eieiaoaee.

A i?ia?aiiao ia?oee iau/ii iiae/a?eeaaaony eo iaia?aiea neoaeeoue
eioa?anai ?acee/iuo nioeeaeueiuo a?oii, aieueoeinoaa a?aaeaeai anae
no?aiu. A i?aeoe/aneie iieeoeea ia?oee no?aiyony o/eouaaoue eioa?anu
?acee/iuo eaoaai?ee ecae?aoaeae, iineieueeo oieueei oae iiaeii
iaea?aeaoue iiaaaeo ia aeaiie?aoe/aneeo auai?ao. Aianoa n oai ia auai?ao
a aa?iiaeneeo no?aiao (a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a a NOA) ia?oee i?iaeieaeatho
nio?aiyoue naiaia?acea, nianoaaiiia iieeoe/aneia e eaeaieiae/aneia
eeoei. Iai?eia?, io nioeeae-aeaiie?aoia ecae?aoaee iaeeaeatho
i?iaaaeaiey neeueiie nioeeaeueiie iieeoeee, i?eiyoey iiauo eee
niaa?oainoaiaaiey nouanoaothueo i?ia?aii iiiiue nioeeaeueii iacaueuaiiuo
a?oii ianaeaiey.

Iieeoe/aneea ia?oee auioaeaeaiu ?aoaoue a naiae aeayoaeueiinoe i/aiue
?aciiia?aciua caaea/e, iiyoiio e eiee/anoai i?eienuaaaiuo ei iaeioi?uie
iieeoieiaaie ooieoeee ia?aaaeeei ca aeanyoie.

Ai-ia?auo yoi ooieoeee caaia iaaeaeo i?aayueie e oi?aaeyaiuie. Ia?oey
anaaaea aunooiaao eae eaiae ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee, oee?eoee?othuae
“naa?oo aiec” e “nieco aaa?o”. Eioaineaiinoue yoeo aeaoo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
iioieao iiaeao ia niaiaaeaoue. Neaaeai, a NNN? i?e Noaeeia ia?aue aue
eneeth/eoaeueii iiuiui, aoi?ie ii/oe ennye. Ii a oneiaeyo eeaa?aeueiie
aeaiie?aoee ia neaaeoao iaaeiioeaieaaoue cia/aiea ia?oee a oi?ie?iaaiee
iauanoaaiiiai iiaiey. Ae?oaia aeaei, /oi caeanue ia?oey i?inoi ia iiaeao
ioaea/ueny io iano?iaiey ?yaeiauo /eaiia e ecae?aoaeae. Yoi iicaieyao
ia?oeyi au?aaeaoue nioeeaeueiua eioa?anu.

Ai-aoi?uo ia?oee auiieiytho ooieoeee aeeoioeyoeee nioeeaeueiuo
eioa?ania. A iauanoaa anaaaea nouanoaotho ?aciiia?aciua e ?acii?iaeiua
eioa?anu, i?aaeii/oaiey, o?aaiaaiey. Iiiyoii, /oi o?ainoi?ie?iaaoue
eaaeaeia ec ieo a iieeoe/aneia ?aoaiea iaaiciiaeii, aea e ia ioaeii: yoi
au naeaeaei iieeoe/aneoth aeeciue oaioe/aneie e iai?aaeneacoaiie.
I?aaeaea anaai, ec niaieoiiinoe eioa?ania iaiaoiaeeii auaeaeeoue
iaeaieaa nioeeaeueii cia/eiua. Aeaeaa e yoe “ioai?iua” eioa?anu
iaiaoiaeeii oaycaoue iaaeaeo niaie, /oiau oaea a aeaea
iineaaeiaaoaeueiie i?ia?aiiu iinoaaeoue ia iieeoe/aneoth iiaanoeo aeiy.
Yoei e caieiathony ia?oee.

A-o?aoueeo aaaeiie ooieoeeae ia?oee yaeyaony iinoaiiaea eieeaeoeaiuo
oeaeae aeey anaai iauanoaa. Auei au aieueoei eneaaeaieai enoeiu
n/eoaoue, /oi ia?oey niiniaia i?aneaaeiaaoue eeoue oa oeaee, eioi?ua
“iinyony aicaeooa” e auoaeatho ec ianoiyoaeuenoa iianaaeiaaiie aeecie aa
/eaiia e noi?iiieeia. Ie a Eeoaa, ie a ?innee iaiaoiaeeiinoue iino?iaiey
eiiioiecia ia neaaeiaaea ec oaeoueo eioa?ania ianaeaiey. Ii, aoaeo/e
noi?ioee?iaaia ia?oeae, yoa oeaeue aiiaeooaaeea ieeeeiiu ethaeae ia
?aaeecaoeeth i?ia?aiiu ?aaeeeaeueiiai i?aia?aciaaiey iauanoaa.

A-/aoaa?ouo, ia?oee caieiathony ?ae?ooe?iaaieai aeanoiie yeeou e
niinianoaoao aa iieeoe/aneie nioeeieecaoeee. iiae ?ae?ooe?iaaieai
neaaeoao iiieiaoue iiaeai? eaae?ia eae aeey naiie ia?oee, oae e ae?oaeo
i?aaiecaoeee, aoiaeyueo a iieeoe/aneoth nenoaio, a oii /enea e
auaeaeaeaiea eaiaeeaeaoia a i?aaenoaaeoaeueiua i?aaiu aeanoe,
eniieieoaeueiue aiia?ao e ath?ie?aoeth.

Iaeiiaoe, ia?oee eiatho aieueoia cia/aiea, aunooiay a ea/anoaa
?aoa?aioiuo a?oii- a?oii, ia eioi?ua eiaeeaeae i?eaioe?oao iiaaaeaiea-
naieo noi?iiieeia. Ai iiiaeo no?aiao ethaee, iiaeioynue naiaeiui
o?aaeeoeeyi e ainieoaieth, eniuouaatho neeueioth yiioeeiiaeueioth
i?eaa?aeaiiinoue oie eee eiie ia?oee.

Eeanneoeeaoeey iieeoe/aneeo ia?oee iau/ii ia/eiatho ii i?eciaeo
aioo?eia?oeeiuo no?oeoo?. A ?aieao iaeiie ec ieo auaeaeythony eaae?iaua
e ianniaua ia?oee, ?acee/athueany ii eiee/anoao /eaiia, iniiaiui
iai?aaeaieyi aeayoaeueiinoe, i?aaiecaoeeiiiie noaaeeueiinoe e i?eioeeiai
?oeiaiaenoaa. Ianniaua ia?oee ioee/athony i?aaeaea anaai
iiiai/eneaiiinoueth ninoaaa.

Ianniaua ia?oee ioee/athony oaniie e iinoiyiiie acaeiinaycueth eo
/eaiia. Iniiaiay aeayoaeueiinoue oaeeo ia?oee eiaao eaeaieiae/aneoth e
ainieoaoaeueioth iai?aaeaiiinoue. Iie aeoeaii o/anoaotho a
ecae?aoaeueiii i?ioeanna. ?oeiaiaenoaa a ianniauo ia?oeyo i?eiaaeeaaeao
i?ioanneiiaeueiui iieeoeeai, iinoiyiiie i?ioanneiiaeueiie ath?ie?aoee,
i?e/ai oeaio? aeanoe iaoiaeeony a naiie ia?oeeiie i?aaiecaoeee. Eiia
aeaei- eaae?iaua ia?oee. Yoi iauaaeeiaiea oae iacuaaaiuo “iioaaeae” n
oeaeueth iiaeaioiaee auai?ia e nio?aiaiea eiioaeoia n oaea aua?aiiuie
i?aaenoaaeoaeyie.

?acee/atho ianeieueei eaoaai?ee “iioaaeae”. Ai-ia?auo yoi ethaee,
eioi?ua naiei eiaiai eee i?anoeaeai iiauoatho aaoi?eoao eaiaeeaeaoa a
aeaiooaou caaiaauaatho aio aieina; ai-aoi?uo, oiaeua i?aaiecaoi?u
ecae?aoaeueiuo eiiiaiee; a-o?aoueeo, oeiainenou.

Eaae?iaua ia?oee aeaenoaotho i?aeiouanoaaiii a ia?eiae i?aaeauai?iuo
ia?aoiiia, a a i?iiaaeooeao eo aeoeaiinoue caie?aao. Eae i?aaeei, iie
ioee/athony ionoonoaeai iaoaiecia ioeoeeaeueiiai i?eaia a yoe ia?oee.
?oeiaiaenoai inouanoaeyaony “iioaaeyie”, i?e/ai iniaaiii oe?ieea
iieiiii/ey eiioeaio?e?othony a ?oeao oao, eoi io eiaie ia?oee o/anoaoao
a i?aaeoaeuenoaa.

?yae ia?oee ?anniao?eaatho, eae iieoianniaua- i?iiaaeooi/iue oei, ia
eiathuea naiaai ianoa a eeanneoeeaoeee. Yoi ia?oee, ninoiyuea oieueei ec
eieeaeoeaiuo /eaiia, iai?eia? a?eoaineea eaeai?enou a ia?aua aiaeu
naiaai nouanoaiaaiey. N oeiainiaie oi/ee c?aiey, yoi auea ianniaay
ia?oey, oae eae auai?iua ?anoiaeu iie?uaaeenue ca n/ao aciinia /eaiia
o?aae-thieiiia (eioi?ua e aoiaeeee a ia?oeth ia i?aaao eieeaeoeaiiai
/eainoaa)

Ii oa?aeoa?o ia?ae/iuo i?aaiecaoeee auaeaeytho /aou?a ?aciiaeaeiinoe:

ia?oee-eiieoaou; ia?oee-naeoeee; ia?oee-y/aeee; ia?oee-ieeeoeee.

1. Ia?oee-eiieoaou yaeythony eaae?iauie. Yoi- i?aaiecaoeeiiii ?uoeua
annioeeaoeee “iioaaaeae”, e ia?ae/iua i?aaiecaoeee caeanue i?inoi
ionoonoaotho. I?eia?aie iiaeao neoaeeoue Eiina?aaoeaiay e Eeaa?aeueiay
ia?oey Aaeeeia?eoaiee a 19a.

2. Ia?oee-naeoeee eiatho ?acaaoaeaiioth naoue ianoiuo i?aaiecaoeee. Yoi
oeaio?aeeciaaiiua ia?oee n aeiaieueii aeanoeie aioo?aiiae aeenoeeieeiie,
ii a oi aea a?aiy aeiioneathuaa “ai?eciioaeueiua nayce” iaaeaeo ieciauie
iiae?acaeaeaieyie.

3. Ia?oee-y/aeee ioee/athony aua aieaa aeanoeie no?oeoo?ie. “ss/aeee”
nicaeathony, eae i?aaeei, ia ?aai/eo ianoao (ii i?iecaiaenoaaiiiio eee
ii oa??eoi?eaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiiio i?eciaeo) Aioo?eia?oeeiua nayce
iinyo ii i?aeiouanoao “aa?oeeaeueiue” oa?aeoa?: “naa?oo” eaeoo
aee?aeoeau, “nieco”- io/aou ia eo eniieiaiee. O?aeoeeiiiay
aeayoaeueiinoue cai?auaia, ?oeiaiaenoai iineo no?iai oeaio?aeeciaaiiue e
/anoi aaoi?eoa?iue oa?aeoa?. *eaiu ia?oee iaycaiu aeoeaii o/anoaiaaoue a
eo ?aaioa.

4. Ia?oee-ieeeoeee eiatho aiaiece?iaaiioth no?oeoo?o n a? aeaaiie
ioee/eoaeueiie /a?oie- i?eioeeiii aaeeiiia/aeey. Oaeea ia?oee
ano?a/athony aeinoaoi/ii ?aaeei. A ea/anoaa i?eia?ia iiaeii i?eaanoe
ooo?iiaua io?yaeu a Aa?iaiee (oioy naia INAeAI auea ia?oeae naeoeeiiiiai
oeia), oa??i?enoe/aneea i?aaiecaoeee, a oaeaea iaeioi?uo no?ai, a
eioi?uo aeanyoeeaoeyie aeeeony aieia (Eeaai, Naaa?iay E?eaiaeey).

Iiiyoea ia?oeeiie nenoaiu ioia?aaeaao niinia acaeiiaeaenoaey ?acee/iuo
ia?oee a ai?ueaa ca aeanoue. Noa?aeoei (e iaeaieaa iiioey?iui iinae
aeaiue) e?eoa?eai, eniieuecoaiui aeey eeanneoeeaoeee ia?oeeiuo nenoai,
yaeyaony eiee/anoaaiiue: auaeaeytho aania?oeeiua, iaeiiia?oeeiua,
aeaooia?oeeiua e iiiaiia?oeeiua nenoaiu. Ia?aua aeaa ?aciiaeaeiinoe
aiciiaeiu eeoue a ni/aoaiee n aaoi?eoa?iuie ?aaeeiaie e iiaoo iacaaiu
ia?oeeiuie nenoaiaie oneiaii, eai cia/eiia iieeoe/aneia acaeiiaeaenoaea
iaaeaeo ia?oeyie caeanue ionoonoaoao. Aania?oeeiua nenoaiu a ie?a
ano?a/athony ?aaeei. Yoi iaiiiaea nio?aieaoeany ?aaeeiu e iaeioi?ua
nio?aieaoeany aeeeoaoo?u, iaeaaathuea cai?ao ia aeayoaeueiinoue ae?oaeo
ia?oee. A ea/anoaa i?eia?ia iiaeii iacaaoue naiaia?aciua iieeoe/aneea
ono?ienoaa E?aia (iinea naii?inionea Eneaineie ?anioaeeeaineie ia?oee) e
Eeaee. Iaeiiia?oeeiua nenoaiu naienoaaiiu a iniiaiii
yaaeeoa?ii-aaoi?eoa?iui, aaoi?eoa?ii-eiyaaeeoa?iui e iiioeenoneei
?aaeeiai. Enoiaey ec nouanoaiaaiey a oie eee eiie no?aia iaeiiia?oeeiie
nenoaiu, iiaeii aeinoaoi/ii oaa?aiii i?eienuaaoue ae iaeei ec
ia?a/eneaiiuo ?aaeeiia.

Eiee/anoaaiiay eeanneoeeaoeey auaeaeyao eeoue aeaa ia?oeeiua nenoaiu,
eioi?ua n eeaa?aeueiie aeaiie?aoeae- aeaooia?oeeioth e iiiaiia?oeeioth.
Aeaaiay neiaeiinoue, naycaiiay n i?eiaiaieai yoeo iiiyoee, auoaeaao ec
iaeioi?ie oneiaiinoe oa?ieia “aeaooia?oeeiay nenoaia” a Aaeeeia?eoaiee,
eioi?ay n/eoaaony a? eeanne/aneei ia?acoeii, “o?aouee” ia?oee iaae?atho
ia auai?ao aei 10% aieinia, a eiee/anoai yoeo ia?oee aeaaii ia?aaaeeei
ca nioith. Iainiiauaay i?aaiia?iinoue eniieueciaaiey oa?ieia, iau/ii
oeacuaatho ia oi, /oi aeanoue an? aea inouanoaeyaony iiia?aiaiii aeaoiy
e?oiiuie ia?oeyie.

N?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec iaaeinoaoeia e aeinoieinoa aeaooia?oeeiie e
iiiaiia?oeeiie nenoai ecaeaaia caieiae iieeoieiaia. Aieueoeinoai anaaaea
neeiiyaony ia noi?iio ia?aie ec ieo, i?eaiaey neaaeothuea a?aoiaiou:

1. Ooaa?aeaeatho, /oi aeaooia?oeeiay nenoaia niinianoaoao iinoaiaiiiio
niya/aieth eaeaieiae/aneeo eiioeeeoia iaaeaeo ia?oeyie e eo iinoaiaiiiio
ia?aoiaeo ia aieaa oia?aiiua iiceoeee. A yoi aeaeaao iieeoe/aneoth
nenoaio aieaa onoie/eaie.

2. Ae?oaia i?aeiouanoai aeaooia?oeeiie nenoaiu oniao?eaatho a oii, /oi
iia iicaieyao iaea?aeaaoae iiaaaeo ia auai?ao ia?oee noi?ie?iaaoue ia
iiaeaa?aeaiiia e?ecenai i?aaeoaeuenoai. Aeaenoaeoaeueii, anee a
ia?eaiaioa i?aaenoaaeaiu eeoue aeaa ia?oee, oi iaeia ec ieo iai?aiaiii
eiaao aaniethoiia aieueoeinoai iano, e auianoe aiooi iaaeiaa?ey aa
eeaea?o- i?aiuea?-ieieno?o iaaiciiaeii.

3. N oi/ee c?aiey ecae?aoaey, ianiiiaiiia aeinoieinoai aeaooia?oeeiie
nenoaiu- oi, /oi iia iaeaa/eo auai? i?e aieiniaaiee. Ia ioaeii /eoaoue
aeanyoee ia?oeeiuo i?ia?aii eee /anaie neaey o oaeaaeci?a, aieeaoue a
?annoaeaeaiea “aiai?yueo aieia”; ia?oee anaai aeaa, e niioianoe
nianoaaiiua eioa?anu n eo i?ia?aiiaie ia oae oae neiaeii.

4. Iaeiiaoe, ooaa?aeaeatho, /oi oieueei aeaooia?oeeiay nenoaia
iicaieyao i?eaeeceony e eaeaaeo ioaaonoaaiiiai i?aaeaiey, eioi?ue ea?aao
aaaeiaeooth ?ieue ai anao aac eneeth/aiey oai?aoe/aneeo iiaeaeyo
aeaiie?aoee. Iaeia ec ia?oee iaoiaeeony o aeanoe, ae?oaay a iiiiceoeee.
Anee ecae?aoaee iaaeiaieueiu ?aaioie i?aaeoaeuenoaa, iie eniieuecotho
auai?u aeey oiai /oiau ioi?aaeoue aai a ionoaaeo.

A oneiaeyo iiiaiia?oeeiinoe iieeoe/aneia ?oeiaiaenoai iineo eae i?aaeei
eiaeeoeeiiiue oa?aeoa?. Yoi aeaeaao aiciiaeiie neooaoeeth ,eiaaea
iioa?iaaoay ii?aaeaiea ia auai?ao ia?oey inoaaony a i?aaeoaeuenoaa eeoue
iioiio, /oi yaeyaony oaeiaiui ia?oia?ii ii eiaeeoeee.

Aeaooia?oeeiua nenoaiu aeaenoaeoaeueii i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaee o?iaaiue
noaaeeueiinoe e yooaeoeaiinoe, i eioi?ii a oneiaeyo iiiaiia?oeeiinoe
i?eoiaeeony oieueei ia/oaoue.

Oioy iieeoe/aneea ia?oee a nia?aiaiiii niunea neiaa aicieeee ia oae
aeaaii, iuia, ii iauaio iiaieth iieeoieiaia e iieeoeeia, iie
ia?aaeeaatho ia?eiae oiaaeea.

Noiaeeo ia iao cia/aiea ieciauo ia?oeeiuo i?aaiecaoeee, a ia?oeeiay
ia/aoue, aeieai n/eoaaoayny iaeiei ec i?eciaeia eeaa?aeueiie
aeaiie?aoee, iuia noaea aiao?iieciii. ?ieue ia?oee a no?oeoo?e?iaaiee
?acoeueoaoia auai?ia oiaea caiaoii oiaiueoeeanue. *anoi ethaee aieinotho
ia ca ia?oeth, a ca “eieaeae” oiai eee eiiai eaiaeeaeaoa, nicaeaiiue
eiiia?/aneeie n?aaenoaaie ianniaie eiiioieeaoeee.

Oai ia iaiaa, iao einoeoooa, eioi?ue oniaoiaa ni?aaeyeny au n o?aiy
aaaeiaeoeie ooieoeeyie – ia?aaea/e aeanoe, iieeoe/aneie iiaeeecaoeee
iann e eaaeoeiaoeee nouanoaothueo ?aaeeiia, /ai ia?oee.

EEOA?AOO?A:

1. N?aaieoaeueiay iieeoieiaey. Aieinia A.A. ecae-ai IAO, 1995

2. Aaaaeaiea a iieeoieiaeth E.N. Aaaeaeeaaa I, I?inaauaiea, 1994

3. Iniiau iieeoieiaee, Aei?ioaaa A.E., ?iaeeiiia A.A., NAO, 1993a.

. .

no? PAGE 8

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