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Ieienoa?noai Ia?aciaaiey ?O

Ia?ineee Ainoaea?noaaiiue Oieaa?neoao

?aoa?ao ia oaio:

«Eeaea?noai e eoeueo ee/iinoe»

Auiieiee nooaeaio

2 eo?na 8 a?oiiu

Eiiueia A.

Ia?iue 2001a.

Ecaanoii, /oi a enoi?ee aaaeouoth ?ieue ea?atho ia ioaeaeueiua ee/iinoe,
a ia?iaeiua iannu. A aeecie iauanoaa e, neaaeiaaoaeueii, a enoi?ee iao
ie/aai, e?iia aeaenoaothueo ethaeae ni naiei no?aieaieai ?aaeeciaaoue
naie eioa?anu. E eiaaea /anoue ec ieo acaeyioo ia ie? ii iniaaiiiio e
ia/ioo caaeoiuaaoueny i niaiaaeaiee e ?acee/ee naieo eioa?ania n
eioa?anaie ae?oaeo nia?aiaiieeia, oi iiyaeythony ia?aua i?aaeiinueee
aeey oi?ie?iaaiey ia?oee. Ii yoe eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua i?i?uau neaicue
iauaeaiiinoue inoaaaeenue au /anoiui i?iyaeaieai, anee au ia iiyaeyeenue
ethaee, acaaeeaathuea ia naay a?aiy iauaaeeiaiey ouny/ e ouny/ naieo
nia?aiaiieeia, /uea ianoi a iauanoaa niaiaaeaao, a eioa?anu noiaee. A
yoii iiaeaeoe e caeiaeaiu enoiee eeaea?noaa.

Ethaeoaee ea?a?oe/aneeo no?oeoo? aioiau no?ieoue eo e ec yoiai
no?ieoaeueiiai iaoa?eaea. Ia ooiaeaiaio iann iie aicaiaeyo yoaae ia?oee,
iaae iei aiciinyo iinoiyiii noaeathueany iino?ieee aeey ?oeiaiaeeoaeae
?aciuo ?aiaia, a oai, aeyaeeoue, aioiaa ieiuaaeea aeey aaeeinoaaiiiai
aiaeaey. Ii eoaea ii, aicianaiiue ia aa?o ie?aieaeu niiniaai a? iiaanoe?
Ca niaie iaaiciiaeii, eai ana iiae iei. Aea e eae ii iiaeao aanoe, anee
aai ianoo ae?oaea, oa eoi inoaeny iiae iei. Inoaaony iaeii – iiiuoaoueny
naa?oo oeacaoue iooue e iaaeaaony, /oi iannu iieaeoo e iiianoo aiaeaey a
niioaaonoaee n aai oeacothuei ia?noii. Oae auaaao, anee ii oaaaeae
aeaeaiey e eioa?anu ia?iaea. Ii eiaiii oaaaeae, eai oaeaeaoue
iaaiciiaeii, eiaaea ii ioaeaeai io ia?iaeiiai ooiaeaiaioa ia?ae?uoeyie
iiiaeo yoaaeae, ea?a?oe/aneeie no?oeoo?aie, eiaaea nionoeoueny n aa?oiae
ieiuaaeee iianii, oae eae iia ia oa?ieo ionoiou… Oau a aiciiaeiinoe
oaeie ie?aieaeu niaaoneea ethaee oaaaeaeaeenue i?e Noaeeia, i?e O?ouaaa,
i?e A?aaeiaaa… E oieueei ee i?e ieo?

Nia?aiaiiua eeaea?u aeieaeiu aeeoue a aoua o?oaeyueony, ciaoue eo
aeeciue aaeieue e iiia?ae, oiaoue aacioeai/ii ii?aaeaeyoue ii ethaiio
iiaiaeo e a ethaie iiiaio eo iano?iaiey, eo ?aaeueiua iio?aaiinoe,
no?aieaiey, iunee, noaiaiue niciaoaeueiinoe e neeo aeeyiey oao eee eiuo
i?aae?annoaeeia, oiaoue caaiaaaoue naaa aaca?aie/iia aeiaa?ea ouny/
ethaeae oiaa?euaneei ioiioaieai e iei, caaioeeaui oaeiaeaoai?aieai eo
eioa?ania.

Anee yoeo iieeoe/aneeo ea/anoa iao, oi ia iiaeao auoue e ia?oeeiiai
eeaea?a. Eiaaea ia ?aaioa ano?a/aaony /aeiaae, ia iiieiathuee iano?iaiey
iann, ianiiniaiue oaeaeaoue neeueiua e neaaua noi?iiu oaeouaai aeiy, ia
?acae?athueeny a enoieao eiie?aoiiai aeiaa?ey e iaaeiaa?ey ecae?aoaeae,
oi yoi aaconeiaii ia eeaea?, a, eae oie/eaeeoaeueii oaeeo ethaeae
iacuaae A.E.Eaiei, eaeie-oi iieeoe/aneee eonoa?ue. Iieeoe/aneee ii?o?ao
oaeie ee/iinoe oi?ioi ecaanoai: ia?aoeoaeueiue eiina?aaoi?,
iaiineaaeiaaoaeueiue e oaoeee a aii?inao oai?ee, n oceei e?oaici?ii.
Oaeie ai?a-iieeoee aeey ii?aaaeaiey naiae ayeinoe iau/ii nnueaaony ia
noeoeeiinoue e iaeiiiaoaioiinoue iann, ia noa/aiea ianoiyoaeuenoa, eeai
ii?aaaeuaaao a? i?eaa?aeaiiinoueth iiaui iiaeiui ?aciiaeaeiinoyi
iieeoe/aneiai iuoeaiey. Ii, iaaa?ii, naiue aieueoie iaaeinoaoie
iiaeiaiuo iieeoe/aneeo eonoa?ae ninoieo a oii, /oi iie ia i?eaueee
ioeaieaaoue naie oaae aaniiuaaeiui aii?inii: eiio yoi auaiaeii e eiio
iaauaiaeii?

Oaeea “eeaea?u” aaca?aie/ii aa?yo a aaoi?eoao caieiaaiiai e?anea. E
eiaaea a ii?o iieeoe/aneie ?aniooeoeu io ieo ia/eiatho ioai?a/eaaoueny
iannu, oi ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca yoo ia?aiaio iie ia naay a?aoue ia oioyo.
Aeey ia/aea iie euoo iiaoth, aieaa iuoioth auaaneo nianoaaiiiai e?anea.
Ii eiaaea ia iiiiaaao e yoi, oi neeiiiu ioioii ia?aeeaaeuaaoue oo
ioaaonoaaiiinoue ia ia?oeth, ia?eaiaio, nenoaio…

Eeaea?u yoi, aaconeiaii, auaeaeaeaioeu iann. Yoi naiaia?aciua yae?a
iioaioeeaeueiie yia?aee ia?iaea. Ii /oiau yoa yia?aey aiciiaeiinoae
noaea yia?aeae aeaenoaey, o?aaoaony a? iai?aaeaiiinoue, a?
oii?yaei/aiiinoue. Cia/eo eeaea?ai ioaeia ia?oeeiay iaoeaeaiiinoue e
ono?aieaiiinoue. Ia?oey – yoi oio eiioeuen, oio noeioe, oa aeaeaeouay
neea, eioi?ay i?ecaaia ec aiciiaeiinoae a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue
iieeoe/aneoth ca?yaeaiiinoue eeaea?ia. Ii ia?oee ia aeieaeiu
i?aa?auaoueny a eciee?othuee neie, ioaeaeythuee eeaea?ia io iann.

Oniaoa iiaeii aeinoe/ue eeoue oiaaea, eiaaea a iauanoaa anoue i?eciaiiua
iieeoe/aneea eeaea?u. E ouny/e y?eeo eeaea?ia i?eciaaaeenue o?oaeyueieny
a ea/anoaa naieo aiaeaeae. Caeanue noieo caiaoeoue, /oi neiai “aiaeaeue”
a aaeeinoaaiiii eeoea noaei oiio?aaeyoueny a iieeoe/aneii ycuea eeoue a
ii?o noaeeiueiu, oiaaea eae aei eoeueoa ee/iinoe yoi neiai
eniieueciaaeinue iau/ii ai iiiaeanoaaiiii /enea. Yoi e iiiyoii: /oiau
i?eaea/ue ia naith noi?iio iiiaiieeeeiiiua iannu, ioaeiu auee ia
iaeei-aeaa eeaea?a, a aeanyoee iiuoiuo aiaeaeia, iiioey?iuo n?aaee
o?oaeyueony, oi?ioi ecaanoiuo ei eaaeaeui naiei iinooieii, eaaeaeui
ithainii naiae iiceoeee. Eeaea? aeieaeai auoue ia iaae iannaie, a
aia?aaee ieo.

Oaiiiai eeaea?noaa yoi enoi?e/anee neiaeeaoayny iio?aaiinoue ethaeae a
i?aaiecaoeee naiae aeayoaeueiinoe. Iii oeene?oao
i?aanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneea ioiioaiey iaaeaeo noauaeoii e iauaeoii
iieeoeee, nooue eioi?uo a niciaoaeueiii e aeia?iaieueiii iiae/eiaiee
eeaea?o anao ca iei eaeoueo. Iio?aaiinoue a aaoi?eoaoa naycaia ni
neiaeiinoueth nioeeaeueiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe ia?aie/eaathuae
aiciiaeiinoue iauaeoa naiiio eaaeeoeoee?iaaii ioeaieaaoue iiiaea
aicieeoea ia?aae iei i?iaeaiu. Iiyoiio ii i?inoi auioaeaeai aeiaa?youeny
iineoaeth aaoi?eoaoa, o.a. eeaea?o, /oi iicaieyao a ei?ioeea n?iee
?aoaoue noiyuea ia?aae iei caaea/e, ia o?aoy a?aiaie ia oaaaeaeaiey a eo
iaiaoiaeeiinoe. Aieaa oiai, aaoi?eoao niea/eaaao naiua ?acii?iaeiua
nioeeaeueiua neeu ia auiieiaiea i?eiyouo ieaiia e i?ia?aii. Noauaeo
iieeoeee, iieuecothueeny aaoi?eoaoii, oae ?aniieaaaao e naaa ethaeae,
/oi a iauanoaa nicaeaaony aoiinoa?a iieiiai e iaio aeiaa?ey (i?e/ai
ene?aiiaai!), iaania/eaathuay aiciiaeiinoue aicaeaenoaey ia iauaeo aac
anyeiai i?eioaeaeaiey. Ana ?aoaiey oaeiai noauaeoa aini?eieiathony eae
aaeeinoaaiii i?aaeeueiua, iai?aaeaiiua ia oaeiaeaoai?aiea naiuo ianouiuo
iio?aaiinoae /aeiaaea. Yoi aeiaa?ea oai aieueoa, /ai aieueoa a iai aa?u,
e, cia/eo, oai aieueoa iianiinoue noauaeoeaecia, oe?a aiciiaeiinoe aeey
aacioaaonoaaiiinoe.

Oyaa e aa?a iniaaiii neeueia a ia?aeiiiua ia?eiaeu enoi?ee, eiaaea
ia?ooaiu o?aaeeoeee, i?eau/iua nayce, eiaaea /aeiaae ia/aony, iuoaynue
iaeoe naia ianoi a i?ienoiaeyueo niauoeyo. Eiaiii oaeie auea ianoaiiaea
a iaoae no?aia n ia/aeii ?aaiethoeee. Ia?iae inoaeny aac oea?y e aiaa,
aac i?eau/iuo aeeciaiiuo i?aaee. Aio ooo-oi e ioaeai aue eeaea?,
iai?a?aeaaiue aaoi?eoao, ca eioi?ui iiaeii eaeoe aac eieaaaiee, n iieiie
oaa?aiiinoueth, /oi ii i?eaaaeao e eo/oae, /ai i?e oea?a aeecie. Oiaaea
ia ?ieue ieeiai , e?iia A.E. Eaieia, ia auei. Ii aue iaeiei ec iaiiiaeo
(anee ia aaeeinoaaiiui), eoi aue iiiyoai e aeinooiai ia?iaeo, n
i?aaeaeueiie yniinoueth iia ?acia?aoueny n aai iaaeaaeaeaie e /aoei
au?aceoue a i?ia?aiiao. A aeaaiia – ciae, eoaea e eae eaeoe. Eiaaea aea
niiiaaaeny a /ai-oi, niaaoiaaeny n o?oaeyueieny, /oiau aeoaaea iiiyoue
iio?aaiinoe eo ?acee/iuo neiaa e ioei??aeoe?iaaoue ieaiu ?acaeoey no?aiu
a niioaaonoaee n ieie. Ana yoi aeaei aio (a ia eiio-oi ae?oaiio)
aiciiaeiinoue iaeaaeaoue ?aaiethoeeiiiie noeoeae, iai?aaea a? a ?onei
aacioeaaaoaeueiuo iaoeeiiaeueiuo i?iaeai: i?ae?auaiea aieiu, ia?aaea/a
caiee e?anoueyiai, caaiaeia e oaa?ee ?aai/ei, a oaeaea eeeaeaeaoeey
iaoeeiiaeueiiai aiaoa.

Aaoi?eoao A.E. Eaieia eae eeaea?a naeaeae aai nia?oue aanueia
aieaciaiiie aeey ia?iaea. Oai aieaa, /oi ianoaiiaea a no?aia auea
aeaeaea io iaeiicia/iiai iiieiaiey: nianoaaiiinoue auea iaecaanoii
/ueae, ?oeiaiaenoai – eieeaeoeaiia e iaynii eoi, i?eieiae ?aoaiey, n
eiai ni?ineoue ca eo iaauiieiaiea. Iaaeiaee aeeneonnee, eieaaaiey – /oi
no?ieoue, eae no?ieoue. Ana yoi aucuaaei iaiaoiaeeiinoue a iiaii
eeaea?a. Ec o?ieo i?aoaiaeaioia (I.Aooa?ei, E.Noaeei, E.O?ioeeee)
iio?aaiinoyi yiioe ioaa/ae Noaeei. Ii ia aue ie oiiaa ae?oaeo, ie
ia?aciaaiiaa, ie e?anii?a/eaaa. Iaeiaei i?e?iaea uaae?i iaaeaeeea aai
oieiaeiie ianoie/eainoueth e i?aeoe/aneie niaoeie, aieae e /anoiethaeai.
Ii ieeiaaea ia iiaeiiaaeny /oanoaai, anaaaea oiae iiae/eieoue eo
?an/aoo, aue iiiyoai ia?iaeiui iannai, iineieueeo ec ieo auoae, aue
aeecie ei ii naiaio iuoeaieth e iiaaaeaieth. Yoe ea/anoaa aeaee aio
i?aeiouanoaa ia?aae O?ioeeei, eioi?ue, aoaeo/e eioaeeaeooaeii, aue
aeaeae io iiieiaiey ia?iaeii e aini?eieiaeny eae “aa?ei”. Aooa?ei –
aeoeaiue i?iiaaaiaeeno IYIa, a eioi?ii ia?iae oaea aeaeae iianiinoue
aica?aoa e noa?iio nioeeaeueiiio ia?aaainoao. Ionoue ethaee auee iiea
aaaeiu, ii ?aaiu ai anai. Noaeei aini?eieiaeny ?aaeueiui /aeiaaeii,
ieeoeaoai?yaoei aeanoue. Aieaa oiai, aunooiae neiaieii oiai, ai /oi
ethaee aa?eee, /aai oioaee – neiaieii ni?aaaaeeeainoe, eo/oae, /ai a/a?a
aeecie.

Eoeueo ee/iinoe Noaeeia ia?aeia/ee nouiinoue iieeoe/aneiai ?oeiaiaenoaa.
I?aaeaea anaai noaea ecaeeaaoueny iieeoe/aneay ioe?uoinoue, eai iia
iaecaaaeii eeoaea aicauoathuaainy iaae ia?oeae aaeeinoaaiiiai aiaeaey
aai aiaeanoaaiiiai ieiaa. Eoeueoii ee/iinoe eca?auaeny aaeaa ee ia a
ia?aoth i/a?aaeue niune iieeoe/aneiai eeaea?noaa. Iio?aaiinoue a ouny/ao
aiaeaeia, yia?ae/iuo, naiinoiyoaeueiuo, aeoiathueo (a aac yoeo ea/anoa
eeaea?ii noaoue iaaiciiaeii) i?aaenoaaeyeanue iaii?aaaeaiiui (e iianiui)
eceeoanoaii. Anaie n?aaenoaaie i?iiiaaaeiaaeinue, /oi aiieia
aeinoaoi/ii, /oiau yoe ea/anoaa auee naeeoioee?iaaiu a iaeiii /aeiaaea,
eioi?ue aicianai ia aa?oeio aeieaeiinoiie ie?aieaeu.

AEeao/anoue iaoaieciia yeiiiie/aneiai e iieeoe/aneiai oi?aaeaiey,
neiaeeaoeony a aiaeu noaeeineiai eoeueoa, i?eaaea e oiio, /oi oa
ioaaonoaaiiua iinou, aaea iieiaeaii auoue eeaea?ai, caiye a eiioea
eiioeia ath?ie?ao. E eiaaea aaeieieno?aoeaii-eiiaiaeiay nenoaia naeaeaea
ath?ie?aoeci ana i?iiecuaathuei, oi auea enei?aiaia e iio?aaiinoue a
?aaeueiuo iieeoe/aneeo eeaea?ao. Noi?ie?iaaeanue no?iaay ea?a?oe/aneay
no?oeoo?a ainoaea?noaa, a eioi?ie aaoi?eoao caaeneo io oiai, eaeoth
aeanoue eiioeaio?e?oao ee/iinoue a naieo ?oeao, a ia io a? aeaeiauo e
eioaeeaeooaeueiuo ea/anoa. Ii iineieueeo naia aeanoue caaeneo io auniou
aeieaeiinoe a ath?ie?aoe/aneie ea?a?oee, “aaoi?eoao” yaeyaony i?yiie
ooieoeeae caieiaaiiai iinoa. Iaaaaeii, eaeei ia?acii yoa ee/iinoue
noiaea acieoe ia niioaaonoaothuoth nooiaiueeo, caneoaeeaaao ee iia oai
iaoiaeeoueny eee iao. Yoi i?inoi i?eieiaaony eae aeaiiinoue: anee
/aeiaae aeinoea ii?aaeaeaiiie nooiaie, neaaeiaaoaeueii, ii iaeaaeaao
iaiaoiaeeiuie ea/anoaaie. Nenoaia n/eoaao naii niaie ?acoiathueiny, /oi
auoanoiyuay einoaioeey aieaa oiia e ni?aaaaeeeaa, /ai ieaeanoiyuay.

Eeoa?aoo?a.

O?ooeia A. Aiaeaee e aeioeee. Aeaeiaay aeeciue. 1991, ?24

Aiae?aaa N.N. Iieeoe/aneea aaoi?eoaou e iieeoe/aneia eeaea?noai. //
Nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneee aeo?iae.-1993.- 1/2

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