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?ACAEOEA E AINIEOAIEA AeAOAE ?AIIAAI AIC?ANOA

Aeaaa 7.

INIAAIIINOE IA?EIAeA ?AIIAAI AeAONOAA E AAI CIA*AIEA

?aiiee aic?ano — yoi ia?eiae auno?iai oi?ie?iaaiey anao naienoaaiiuo
/aeiaaeo ineoioeceieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia. Naiaa?aiaiii ia/aoia e
i?aaeeueii inouanoaeyaiia ainieoaiea aeaoae ?aiiaai aic?anoa yaeyaony
aaaeiui oneiaeai eo iieiioeaiiiai

?acaeoey.

Aeey oece/aneiai e ia?aii-ineoe/aneiai ?acaeoey aeaoae ia?auo aeaoo eao
aeecie oa?aeoa?ai auno?ue oaii. A yoio ia?eiae eioaineaii oaaee/eaaaony
?ino e aan ?aaaiea (iniaaiii ia ia?aii aiaeo), oneeaiii ?acaeaathony ana
ooieoeee i?aaiecia. E aiaeo ?aaaiie iaeaaeaaaao naiinoiyoaeueiie
oiaeueaie. Ia aoi?ii e o?aoueai aiaeo aeecie aai iniiaiua aeaeaeaiey
niaa?oainoaothony, ii ia/eiaao eii?aeeie?iaaoue naith aeaeaaoaeueioth
aeoeaiinoue n ie?oaeathueie. Aieueoea oniaoe aeaeaao ?aaaiie a
iaeaaeaiee

?iaeiui ycueii.

Anee a aeoeaiii neiaa?a aiaeiaaeiai ?aaaiea, eae i?aaeei, ian/eouaaaony
10—12 neia, oi e aeaoi aiaeai /enei eo oaaee/eaaaony aei 200—300, a e
o?ai — aei 1500 neia.

?acaeoea a ?aiiai aic?anoa i?ienoiaeeo ia oaeii iaaeaaii?eyoiii oiia,
eae iiauoaiiay ?aieiinoue i?aaiecia — ieceay aai nii?ioeaeyaiinoue
caaieaaaieyi. Eaaeaeia ia?aianaiiia caaieaaaiea io?eoeaoaeueii
neacuaaaony ia iauai ?acaeoee aeaoae. Iiyoiio caaioa ia io?aia e
oe?aieaiee caei?iauey iaeaiueeiai ?aaaiea ninoaaeyao iaeio ec aaaeiaeoeo
caaea/ ainieoaiey a ?aiiai aeaonoaa.

A ia?aua aiaeu aeecie iniaaiii aaeeea acaeiinaycue oece/aneiai e
ineoe/aneiai ?acaeoey. E?aieee, oece/anee iieiioeaiiue ?aaaiie ia
oieueei iaiueoa iiaeaa?aeai caaieaaaieyi, ii e eo/oa ?acaeaaaony
ineoe/anee. Aianoa n oai aanaeua, iiaeaeaeiua, aeoeaiua aeaoe oece/anee
aieaa auiineeau. Iacia/eoaeueiua ia?ooaiey a ninoiyiee caei?iauey
aucuaatho eciaiaiey a eo iauai naii/oanoaee — iie noaiiayony
?acae?aaeeoaeueiuie e ayeuie, ieioi ea?atho, auno?i ooiieythony.

A ?aiiai aic?anoa aeaoe ioee/athony aieueoae iaonoie/eainoueth
yiioeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey. Iaania/aiea iieiaeeoaeueiiai
yiioeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey aeaoae, eo o?aaiiaaoaiiiai iiaaaeaiey, io?aia
ia?aiie nenoaiu, i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea ooiieaiey — aaaeiua caaea/e
iaaeaaiaeee ?aiiaai aeaonoaa.

120

I?e ainieoaiee iaeaiueeeo aeaoae neaaeoao o/eouaaoue i?aiaeaaeaiea o ieo
aicaoaeaeaiey iaae oi?iiciuie i?ioeannaie: iaeaiueeee ?aaaiie n o?oaeii
ia?aiineo iaeeaeaiea ieue, ia?aie/aiea a aeaeaeaieyo e o. i. N o/aoii
yoie iniaaiiinoe a yneyo e a?oiiao ?aiiaai aic?anoa yneae-naaeia aaaaeai
i?eioeei iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai, iinoaiaiiiai i?iaaaeaiey anao ?aaeeiiuo
i?ioeannia, iicaieythuee ianeoaeeaaoue eaaeaeiai ?aaaiea
eiaeeaeaeoaeueii.

Oneiaiua, o. a. i?eia?aoaaiua a i?ioeanna aeecie, ?aoeaenu, eaaeauea a
iniiaa iiaaaeaiey ?aaaiea, ia/eiatho ia?aciauaaoueny n ia?auo aeiae.
Oae, oa?aeoa?iue oneiaiue ?aoeaen, eioi?ue iiaeii iaaethaeaoue o ?aaaiea
aoi?ie iaaeaee aeecie,— ninaoaeueiue — ia iieiaeaiea aeey ei?ieaiey.
?aiiaa ia?aciaaiea oneiaiuo ?aoeaenia yaeyaony oaaaeeoaeueiui,
oeceieiae/anee iainiiaaiiui aeieacaoaeuenoaii iaiaoiaeeiinoe
i?aaeeueiiai ainieoaiey aeaoae n ia?auo aeiae aeecie.

Auno?i oi?ie?othueany o iaeuoa e i?iyaeythueany a i?eau/eao oneiaiua
?aoeaenu iiaoo auoue eae oeaeaniia?aciuie aeey caei?iauey e ?acaeoey
(canuiaoue e i?inuiaoueny a ii?aaeaeaiiia a?aiy, aeoeaii
aiae?noaiaaoue), oae e iaoeaeaniia?aciuie (canuiaoue i?e iiea/eaaiee,
ninaoue ionouoee, aiae?noaiaaoue ia ?oeao ac?ineiai e o. i.).
N?aaieoaeueii eaaei cae?aieyynue, i?eau/ee n o?oaeii iiaeaeathony
eciaiaieth. Ia?aainieoaiea — aeaei e?aeia neiaeiia e a?aaeiia aeey
aeayoaeueiinoe ia?aiie nenoaiu. Iiyoiio iaiaoiaeeii aoeaaeueii n iiiaioa
?iaeaeaiey ?aaaiea iaania/eoue aai i?aaeeueiia ainieoaiea.

?acoeueoaou oeaeaiai?aaeaiiiai ainieoaiey i?iyaeythony oaea a aeaa
ianyoea: iaeuo canuiaao, i?iaoaeaeaaony, eniuouaaao iio?aaiinoue a aaea
a no?iai ii?aaeaeaiiia a?aiy; auniaaoeeny e nuoue, ii niieiai, i?e
iauaiee ni ac?ineuie i?iyaeyao ?aaeinoue.

Iaeaaeay aunieie ieanoe/iinoueth ooieoeee iicaa e ineoeee, ?aaaiie eiaao
aieueoea iioaioeeaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe ?acaeoey, ?aaeecaoeey eioi?uo
caaeneo io iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai aeeyiey ie?oaeathueo ac?ineuo, io
ainieoaiey e iao/aiey.

Iaeii ec oneiaee naiaa?aiaiiiai e iieiioeaiiiai ?acaeoey aeaoae — eo
oi?ioaa, o?aaiiaaoaiiia iano?iaiea. Iii iiaeaea?aeeaaaony i?aaeeueiie
i?aaiecaoeeae aeecie.

Iaaeaaiaeea ?aiiaai aeaonoaa, iniiau eioi?ie auee ?ac?aaioaiu I. I.
Uaeiaaiiaui, I. I. Aena?eiie e eo o/aieeaie, iaia/aao eiie?aoiua caaea/e
e iaoiaeu ananoi?iiiaai ainieoaiey aeaoae.

A niaea?aeaiea ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou ia yoii aic?anoiii yoaia aeaonoaa
aoiaeyo neaaeothuea ?acaeaeu:

niaethaeaiea onoaiiaeaiiiai aeey aeaoae ?aiiaai aic?anoa ?aaeeia aeiy,
o. a. aa?iia ?ani?aaeaeaiea a oa/aiea nooie e /aoeay
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue nia, ei?ieaiey, aiae?noaiaaiey, niaia ?aciuo
aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe;

i?aaeeueiia i?iaaaeaiea ?aaeeiiuo i?ioeannia: ei?ieaiey, ae-

121

aeaie/aneiai ooiaea, oeeaaeuaaiey niaoue, iaeeaaiey e ae?.;

i?iaaaeaiea eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo e a?oiiiauo caiyoee, ea?, ?acaea/aiee;

nicaeaiea oneiaee aeey aeoeaiie e ?aciiia?aciie naiinoiyoaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe aeaoae.

Oniaoiia inouanoaeaiea caaea/ ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou caaeneo io
iaaeaaiae/anee iainiiaaiiiai auai?a aa oi?i e iaoiaeia, io i?aaeeueiie
i?aaiecaoeee anae aeecie aeaoae.

A ia?aua aiaeu aeecie aaaeii iaania/eoue oece/aneia, oinoaaiiia,
i?aanoaaiiia e ynoaoe/aneia ?acaeoea aeaoae. Ii niaea?aeaiea, i?e?iu e
iaoiaeu ?aaeecaoeee yoeo caaea/ eiua, /ai a ?aaioa n aeaoueie
aeioeieueiiai aic?anoa.

Iie ii?aaeaeythony aic?anoiuie iniaaiiinoyie iaeuoae’.

Aieueoia cia/aiea a ainieoaiee caei?iauo e oi?ioi ?acaeouo aeaoae eiaao
i?aaeeueiay i?aaiecaoeey eo aeecie a ia?eiae i?eaueaiey (aaeaioaoeee) e
aeaoneiio o/?aaeaeaieth. I?ioeann i?eaueaiey e iiaui oneiaeyi o?oaeai
aeey oi?ie?othuaeny ia?aiie nenoaiu ?aaaiea. A yoio ia?eiae iaiaoiaeeii
iaania/eoue aaeeinoai ainieoaoaeueiuo i?eaiia, eniieuecoaiuo a naiuea e
aeaoneii o/?aaeaeaiee.

Aeaaa 8.

?ACAEOEA E AINIEOAIEA AeAOAE IA?AIAI AIAeA AEECIE

Ia ia?aii aiaeo aeecie i?ienoiaeyo cia/eoaeueiua eciaiaiey a oece/aneii
?acaeoee ?aaaiea. I?e i?aaeeueiii ooiaea, ?aoeeiiaeueiii anea?ieeaaiee e
ainieoaiee ii eioaineaii ?acaeaaaony. A ia?aii iieoaiaeee aaeaiany/ii
iaeuo i?eaaaeyao a aana 600—700 a, ai aoi?ii —400—500 a. Ca eaaeaeue
ianyoe aeecie ?aaaiie au?anoaao ia 2—3 ni. E eiioeo aiaea aan aai
ninoaaeyao TH—10,5 ea, a ?ino—74—75 ni. O ii?iaeueii ?acaeaathuaainy
?aaaiea a 7—8 ian. ia/eiatho i?i?acuaaoueny iiei/iua coau, e aiaeo eo
au?anoaao ainaiue. Ia i?ioyaeaiee ia?aiai aiaea cia/eoaeueii oneeeaaaony
?aaioiniiniaiinoue ia?aiie nenoaiu. Yoi neacuaaaony a oaaee/aiee a?aiaie
aeoeaiiai aiae?noaiaaiey ?aaaiea n 20—30 iei a ia?aue ianyoe aeecie aei
3,5 / e eiioeo aiaea.

Aeey oniaoiiai ainieoaiey eioaineaii ?acaeaathuaainy iaeuoa ia?aue aiae
aeecie oneiaii aeaeyo ia ia?eiaeu, ea/anoaaiii ioee/athueany ae?oa io
ae?oaa: io ?iaeaeaiey aei 2,5—3 ian., (aeeth/ay ia?eiae
iiai?iaeaeaiiinoe, o. a. ia?aua 3—4 iaaeaee); io 2,5—3 aei 5—6 ian., io
5—6 aei 9—10 ian., e io 9—10 aei 1 aiaea.

Eaaeaeue ia?eiae ?acaeoey ?aaaiea yaeyaony ooiaeaiaioii aeey

Ainieoaiea e ?acaeoea aeaoae ?aiiaai aic?anoa. /Iiae ?aae. A. I.
Eyieiie.-

181 a *

I., 1981, n. 7. (22

iineaaeothuaai e ioee/aaony aaaeoueie ?aaeoeeyie e eciaiaieyie.
Aaaeoueie iacuaatho oaeea ?aaeoeee e oiaiey ?aaaiea, eioi?ua
ii?aaeaeytho aai ?acaeoea ia aeaiiii aic?anoiii yoaia e yaeythony
aeaaii?eyoiuie i?aaeiinueeaie aeey iineaaeothuaai ?acaeoey. A ia?aua o?e
ianyoea aeecie aaaeoueie, ii?aaeaeythueie ?acaeoea ?aaaiea yaeythony
c?eoaeueiua, neooiaua e yiioeeiiaeueiua ?aaeoeee. Iie aeatho
aiciiaeiinoue oi?ie?iaaoue aeoeaiia aiae?noaiaaiea, iaania/eaatho
naini?iia ?acaeoea ?aaaiea, ?anoe?ytho aai i?eaioe?iaeo a ie?oaeathuai,
niinianoaotho ?acaeoeth aeaeaeaiee ?oe, a a aeaeueiaeoai e iaueo
aeaeaeaiey. Aeaaiaea?y iieiaeeoaeueiiio yiioeeiiaeueiiio ninoiyieth
oeo/oathony oeceieiae/aneea i?ioeannu (aeuoaiea, e?iaiia?auaiea,
ieuaaa?aiea), iiauoaaony iauay aeoeaiinoue.

Ia?eiae io ?iaeaeaiey aei 2,5—3 ianyoeaa

?aaaiie ?iaeaeaaony n aioiaie nenoaiie aaconeiaiuo .?aoeaenia, eioi?ua
/anoe/ii iaania/eaatho aai i?eniiniaeaiea e aiaoiae n?aaea. Yoi ?aoeaenu
i?eaioe?iai/iua, ieuaaua, c?eoaeueiua, neooiaua e ae?. Ieuaaua
aaconeiaiua ?aoeaenu au?aaeathony a iiyaeaiee ninaoaeueiuo aeaeaeaiee
i?e ?acae?aaeaiee aoa e ?ioiaie iieinoe, a oiaiee aeioaoue e o. ae.
Iniiaiua ?aoeaenu c?eoaeueiiai e neooiaiai aiaeecaoi?a i?iyaeythony a
caaeio?eaaiee aeac i?e y?eii naaoa, acae?aaeaaiee i?e ?aceeo caoeao.
A?iaeaeaiiuie yaeythony e iaeioi?ua ?aoeaenu aanoeaoey?iiai aiia?aoa,
iai?eia? i?e iiea/eaaiee ?aaaiie caoeoaao, oniieaeaaaony. O
iiai?iaeaeaiiiai iao ?aceie a?aieoeu iaaeaeo niii e aiae?noaiaaieai: 80%
a?aiaie nooie ii nieo, i?e i?iaoaeaeaiee aaniieieony. Aeaeaeaiey
iiai?iaeaeaiiiai oaioe/iu. Aeaaea ai a?aiy nia ii niaa?oaao
eiioeueneaiua aeaeaeaiey. ?oee e iiae iiai?iaeaeaiiiai niaioou, i?eaeaou
e a?oaee, iioiio /oi iuooeu-?acaeaaoaee ?acaeou iaaeinoaoi/ii.

Nouanoaaiii aaaeiui a ia?eiae iiai?iaeaeaiiinoe yaeyaony ?acaeoea
c?eoaeueiiai e neooiaiai aiaeecaoi?a. A yoii aic?anoa ?aaaiie aua ia
oiaao aeeeoaeueii oeene?iaaoue aci? ia i?aaeiaoao, e ii eaa/a
aini?eieiaao i?aaeiao, anee a iiea aai c?aiey ionoonoaotho ae?oaea
?acae?aaeeoaee. Iiyoiio ?aaaieo ia?aiai ianyoea aeecie neaaeoao
iieacuaaoue iaeio y?eoth ea?ooeo, a ia ae?eyiaeu ?aciioeaaoiuo
iia?aiooae.

Niiniaiinoue oeene?iaaoue aci? ia i?aaeiaoa, nin?aaeioi/eaaoueny ia iai,
i?eneooeaaoueny e caoeai ?acaeaaaony o ?aaaiea i?e i?aaeeueiii
ainieoaiee e eiioeo ia?eiaea iiai?iaeaeaiiinoe. Iaeiia?aiaiii
oi?ie?oaony e eiiaa?aaioeey — niiniaiinoue naiaeeoue ia i?aaeiaoa
c?eoaeueiua ine iaieo aeac. E 2—3 ian. aeaoe i?eaueatho neaaeeoue ca
aeaeaeoueiny i?aaeiaoii e ca anai, /oi i?ienoiaeeo a iiea eo c?aiey,
?aaae?otho ia iaaeaeeiue enoi/iee caoea, iai?eia? iiai?a/eaatho aieiao
ia aiein.

N oeaeueth ?acaeoey c?eoaeueiuo e neooiauo ?aaeoeee o ?aaaiea ia?auo
o?ao ianyoeaa aeecie n iei eaneiai ?acaiaa?eaatho, aeiaeaaynue
nin?aaeioi/aiey ia eeoea ac?ineiai; iieacuaatho y?eoth ea-

123

?ooeo, iaaeeaiii aa ia?aaeaeaatho ia?aae aeacaie ?aaaiea, /oiau aucaaoue
neaaeaiea ca aeaeaeaieai i?aaeiaoa. Aiae?noaotho aeaoe iau/ii a iaiaaea;
ia noieea iaiaaea iiaeaaoeaathony y?eea e?oiiua iia?aiooee ia ?annoiyiee
40—60 ni io aeac ?aaaiea. A?aiy io a?aiaie neaaeoao i?eaiaeeoue ea?ooeo
a aeaeaeaiea, /oiau ?aaaiie o/eeny neaaeeoue ca iath.

?acaeoea c?eoaeueiiai e neooiaiai nin?aaeioi/aiey niinianoaoao
aicieeiiaaieth o iaeuoa iieiaeeoaeueiuo yiioeee. Oeuaea iiyaeyaony a
eiioea ia?aiai ianyoea aeecie a ioaao ia eaneiaue aiein ac?ineiai.
Aia/aea iia aicieeaao ?aaeei, n o?oaeii. A 2,5 ian. ?aaaiie oaea /anoi
oeuaaaony, i?iyaeyao ?aaeinoue i?e aeaea ac?ineiai e ea?ooae. E yoiio
aic?anoo au?aaeaiea ?aaeinoe o iaeuoa eiaao aeae eiiieaena iaeeaeaiey. A
ninoaa eiiieaena iaeeaeaiey aoiaeeo ?yae ?aaeoeee: yiioeeiiaeueiay —
oeuaea, aieiniaua — caoee, aeaeaaoaeueiua — aeaeaeaiey ?oe e iia.
Aieiniaua ?aaeoeee ?aaaiea, aoiaeyuea a eiiieaen iaeeaeaiey,
au?aaeathony a oi?ia aoeaiey — io?uaenoiai i?ieciioaiey niaeaniuo caoeia
au, eou. Aoeaiea, aicieeathuaa ia oiia iieiaeeoaeueiiai yiioeeiiaeueiiai
ninoiyiey, neoaeeo iiaeaioiaeoaeueiui yoaiii ?acaeoey ?a/e.

A ia?aua 2,5—3 ian. o ?aaaiea ia/eiatho ?acaeaaoueny aeaeaeaiey. Anee
iaeuoa 4—6 iaaeaeue ai a?aiy niieieiiai aiae?noaiaaiey a?aoue ia ?oee e,
iiaeaea?aeeaay ca nieio e aieiaeo, i?eaeaaaoue aio aa?oeeaeueiia
iieiaeaiea, oi e 2 ian. ii iaeaaeaaaao oiaieai oaea?aeeaaoue aieiao a
yoii iieiaeaiee, ?anniao?eaaao ie?oaeathuaa.

N ia?auo iaaeaeue aeecie neaaeoao i?eo/aoue ?aaaiea eaaeaoue ia aeeaioa.
N yoie oeaeueth ia?aae ei?ieaieai eee a eiioea aiae?noaiaaiey ?aaaiea
eeaaeoo ia aeeaio, neaaea iiaeaaeeaatho ii nieiea. E 3 ian. ii oaea
oi?ioi eaaeeo ia aeeaioa, iie?aynue ia i?aaeiea/uey, auniei iiaeieiay
aieiao. Yoi iieiaeaiea iieacii aeey ?acaeoey aeuoaoaeueiuo aeaeaeaiee,
e?iaiia?auaiey, a oaeaea aeey iiaeaioiaee e iiecaieth. O ?aaaiea,
iaeaaeaaoaai oiaieai oaea?aeeaaoue aieiao a aa?oeeaeueiii iieiaeaiee,
neaaeoao ?acaeaaoue oii? iia:

iaeuoa aea?aeao a aa?oeeaeueiii iieiaeaiee oae, /oiau aai iiae
nii?eeanaeenue n iaiaaeai eee n iaeaiaeueiui noieii, oai naiui aucuaay
aeaeaeaiey iiaeoaioeiauaaiey. Iaeiaei noaaeoue aai ia iiaeee aua
iaeuecy.

O aeaoae yoiai aic?anoa i?ienoiaeeo niaa?oai-Ia?eiaeio2,5—3 noaiaaiea
c?eoaeueiuo, neooiauo e aieiniauo aei 5—6 ian. ?aaeoeee, aicieeatho e
?acaeaathony oaaoaoaeueiua aeaeaeaiey ?oee, iiaeaioiaeoaeueiua
aeaeaeaiey e iiecaieth. Ana yoi neoaeeo i?aaeiinueeie onoie/eaiai
yiioeeiiaeueii-iieiaeeoaeueiiai ninoiyiey, iiyaeaiey i?eaycaiiinoe e
ac?ineui, oi?ie?iaaiey a aeaeueiaeoai ?aciiia?aciuo i?aaeiaoiuo
aeaenoaee e iniiaiuo aeaeaeaiee.

A yoio ia?eiae i?ienoiaeyo nouanoaaiiua eciaiaiey a ineoe/aneii ?acaeoee
?aaaiea: ?acaeaathony niiniaiinoe aeeooa?ai-

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oee?iaaoue caoee, oeaao e oi?io i?aaeiaoia. ?acee/aiea i?aaeiaoia e
yaeaiee aiaoiae n?aaeu iniaaiii y?ei i?iyaeyaony a ecae?aoaeueiii
ioiioaiee e ac?ineui. Anee aeoeaii ?acaeaatho i?aaiu /oanoa ?aaaiea, oi
oaea o?aoiany/iue iaeuo ia/eiaao ociaaaoue naith iaoue, a a 6 ian. i?e
aeaea ciaeiiiai /aeiaaea ?aaeoaony, i?e ia?auaiee iaciaeiiiai —
oio?eony, ioai?a/eaaaony, eiiaaea iea/ao.

?aaaiie a 5—6 ian. ?acee/aao eioiiaoeeth ?a/e ac?ineiai, ii-?aciiio
?aaae?oao ia no?iaee eee eaneiaue aiein. Oae, iaeuo iiaeao
?anieaeaoueny, anee n iei caaiai?yo ?aceei oiiii.

Aeey ?acaeoey o aeaoae niiniaiinoe ?acee/aoue ?acae?aaeeoaee aiaoiae
n?aaeu ioaeii iiaeae?aoue ea?ooee ?aciuo oeaaoia e iooaieia, ?acee/iie
oi?iu e ii-?aciiio cao/auea. Iiaoaeaeay ?aaaiea ?anniao?eaaoue oaeea
ea?ooee, i?eneooeaaoueny e ecaeaaaaiui eie caoeai, ac?ineua
niaeaenoaotho aai naini?iiio ?acaeoeth.

Aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea aeayoaeueiinoe c?eoaeueiiai e neooiaiai
aiaeecaoi?ia i?ienoiaeeo a i?ioeanna iaieioeyoeee ?aaaiea n i?aaeiaoaie,
yiioeeiiaeueiiai iauaiey ni ac?ineuie. Iaeiaei aeey oiai /oiau neoo aai
?acaeaaeny ii?iaeueii, a iiiauaiee, aaea aiae?noaotho aeaoe, iaiaoiaeeia
aeaaii?eyoiay aeonoe/aneay ianoaiiaea. A?iieee ?acaiai?, e?ee ae?oaeo
aeaoae, iinoiyiii ?aai-oathoee ?aaeeii?eaiiee — ana yoi ia oieueei
iaoaao ?acaeoeth neooa, ii e oi?iiceo noaiiaeaiea ?a/e, ia?ooaao
aeayoaeueiinoue ia?aiie nenoaiu. Iaeuo, ia i?eo/aiiue n ia?auo ianyoeaa
aeecie i?eneooeaaoueny e oeoiio aieino ac?ineiai, aoaeao ?aaae?iaaoue
oieueei ia a?iieea caoee, iiauoaiiue oii.

?acaeoea neooa ?aaaiea, iieiaeeoaeueiuo yiioeee, a?oeeoeyoeeiiiiai
aiia?aoa (i?e i?iecianaiee ai?oaiiuo ei?ioeeo caoeia, aoeaiey)
niinianoaoao aicieeiiaaieth a 4—5 ian. iaao/aai aoeaiey (ia?aniaa
i?ieciineony aeaniay a-a-a e ni/aoaiea caoeia a-ao), a a 6—7 ian.—eaiaoa
(oae iacuaaaiua iiaoi?iua neiae: iiiaie?aoiia i?iecianaiea iaeiiai neiaa
—aa-aa-aa).

Iaao/ea caoee aoeaiey i?ieciinyony ia i?iaeieaeeoaeueiii auaeioa, /oi
niinianoaoao oi?ie?iaaieth ?a/aaiai aeuoaiey. Eaiao iau/ii aicieeaao
iiae eiio?ieai neooa, iiyoiio o aeooeo io ?iaeaeaiey aeaoae aai iao.
Iaycaoaeueiui oneiaeai iiyaeaiey caoeia aoeaiey e eaiaoa o aeaoae
yaeyaony yiioeeiiaeueii-?a/aaia iauaiea n ieie ac?ineiai. I?e yoii a
?acaiai?a n aeaoueie 3— 4 ian. neaaeoao oiio?aaeyoue iaao/ea caoee, n
aeaoueie 5—6 ian.— neiae. A a?oiiiaie eiiiaoa aeieaeia auoue
ioiineoaeueiay oeoeia, /oiau oeaeaiai?aaeaiiia ?a/aaia iauaiea ac?ineiai
n ?aaaieii iiauoaei aieiniaoth aeoeaiinoue anao aeaoae a?oiiu,
niinianoaiaaei aicieeiiaaieth o ieo iiae?aaeaiey caoeai ?a/e.

I?aaeiinueeie naiaa?aiaiiiai ?acaeoey ?a/e yaeyaony oi?ie?iaaiea o
?aaaiea iio?aaiinoe a ?a/aaii iauaiee. Oaea a 4—6 ian. aeaoe
eniieuecotho naia oiaiea i?ieciineoue caoee aeey i?eaea/aiey aieiaiey
ac?ineiai.

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Caiyoey ii ?acaeoeth aieiniauo ?aaeoeee neaaeoao i?iaiaeeoue
eiaeeaeaeoaeueii, oioy aiciiaeii e iauaaeeiaiea 2—3 aeaoae n iaeeiaeiaui
o?iaiai ?acaeoey. Ia caiyoee iineaaeiaaoaeueii iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu
?aciua i?eaiu: yiioeeiiaeueii-?a/aaia iauaiea, iieac ea?ooee a ni/aoaiee
n eaneiaui ?acaiai?ii, iie/aeeaia i?enoonoaea ac?ineiai, iiaoi?iia
yiioeeiiaeueii-?a/aaia iauaiea. Iaaeaeo eaaeaeui eniieuecoaiui i?eaiii
iaaei naeaeaoue iaoco (i?eia?ii a 30 n), /oiau aeaoue aiciiaeiinoue
?aaaieo io?aaae?iaaoue. Oaeia caiyoea iiaeao i?iaeieaeaoueny aei 6 iei.
Anee aea ia caiyoee ainieoaoaeue ia?aie/eaaaony oieueei eaneiaui
?acaiai?ii, oi aai i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue ia aeieaeia i?aauoaoue 3 iei,
oae eae ?aaaiie ooiieyaony io iaeiiia?acey aia/aoeaiee.

O aeaoae a aic?anoa 3—6 ian. iinoaiaiii ?acaeaathony aeaeaeaiey ?oe. A
3—3,5 ian. ?aaaiie iau/ii neo/aeii iaoaeeeaaaony ia ea?ooeo,
iiaeaaoaiioth iecei iaae iei. A 3,5—4 ian. caoaaouaaao, iuoiuaaao
ea?ooeo, aenyuoth ia ?annoiyiee auoyioouo ?oe. A 4,5—5 ian. i?eieiaao
ea?ooeo ec ?oe ac?ineiai. A 6 ian. ?aaaiie oaea nai naiaiaeii aa?ao
ea?ooeo.

*oiau noi?ie?iaaoue o iaeuoa oiaiea a?aoue e oaea?aeeaaoue i?aaeiao,
nia/aea aio iiaeaaoeaatho iae?oiiua ea?ooee, oaeiaiua aeey caoaaouaaiey:
iia?aiooee n oa?eeaie ia eieueoea. A 4—4,5 ian. ac?ineue o/eo ?aaaiea
a?aoue ea?ooeo ec ?oe. Aeey yoiai ii iiaeiineo e ?aaaieo iia?aiooeo,
aeoeaioe?oy c?eoaeueiia nin?aaeioi/aiea ia iae, caoai eanaaony ath ?oee
?aaaiea, aucuaay oaeoeeueiia iuouaiea e aeaeaiea acyoue ea?ooeo.
Iiaoaeaeay ?aaaiea e aeoeaiui aeaeaeaieyi, ia ioaeii aeeaaeuaaoue
iia?aiooeo aio a eaaeioeo. Neaaeoao oi?aaeiyoue ?aaaiea a oiaiee a?aoue
ea?ooeo, ”iaoiaeyuothny naieo, iaae eeoeii, oaea?aeeaaoue iaeiia?aiaiii
aeaa i?aaeiaoa.

Iao/aiea aeaenoaeyi n ea?ooeaie aeeyao ia ?acaeoea o iaeuoa iaeioi?uo
iaueo aeaeaeaiee: ia?aai?a/eaaoueny ni nieiu ia aie (a 4 ian.), ia
aeeaio (a 5 ian.), n aeeaioa ia nieio (a 6 ian.). Oae, ?aaaiie, aeaeay
aeinoaoue ea?ooeo, iaoiaeyuothny naieo io iaai, oyiaony e iae e /anoi
nai, aac iiiiue ac?ineiai eee i?e iacia/eoaeueiie iiiiue
ia?aai?a/eaaaony ia aie eee ia aeeaio. Oiaiea ia?aai?a/eaaoueny — yoi
ia?aia aeaeaeaiea, iin?aaenoaii eioi?iai ?aaaiie naiinoiyoaeueii, aac
iiiiue ac?ineiai eciaiyao naia iieiaeaiea. Yoi oiaiea, a oaeaea oiaiea
eaaeaoue ia aeeaioa iie?aynue ia eaaeiie aui?yieaiiuo ?oe (a 5 ian.),
yaeyaony iiaeaioiaeoaeueiui aeaeaeaieai e iiecaieth. A eiioea ia?aiai
iieoaiaeey ?aaaiie oaea ?iaii, onoie/eai noieo i?e iiaeaea?aeea aai iiae
iuoee, /oi yaeyaony i?aaeiinueeie naiinoiyoaeueiie oiaeueau.

Naiaa?aiaiiiio ?acaeoeth aeaoae a ia?aii iieoaiaeee aeecie ia?yaeo n
iaiin?aaenoaaiiuie aicaeaenoaeyie ac?ineiai niinianoaoao i?aaeeueiay
i?aaiecaoeey oneiaee aiae?noaiaaiey. A yoii aic?anoa aeaoe aiae?noaotho
io 1,5 aei 2 /. Ainieoaoaeue caaioeo-

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ny, /oiau ia i?ioyaeaiee anaai yoiai a?aiaie aeaoe iaoiaeeeenue a
aeoeaiii, aeayoaeueiii ninoiyiee. Ia a?aiy aiae?noaiaaiey eo
iaycaoaeueii iiiauatho a iaiaae, aaea aeey aeaoae a aic?anoa aei 5 ian.
iiaeaaoeaatho ?aciua iia?aiooee, caoai ?aneeaaeuaatho iaeeea
oeaeeoeieaeiua e ?aceiiaua ea?ooee a iaiaaea.

Ca a?aiy aiae?noaiaaiey neaaeoao ianeieueei ?ac caiaieoue ea?ooee a
iaiaaea.

Aeey yoiai ia?eiaea oa?aeoa?ii aicieeiiaaiea

Ia?eiae io 5—6 iiecaiey, niaa?oainoaiaaiea eaiaoa, ?acaeoea

aei 9—th ian. iiieiaiey ?a/e ie?oaeathueo ac?ineuo. Iiecaiea eae
ia?aue aeae aeoeaiiai ia?aaeaeaeaiey ?aaaiea niinianoaoao ?acaeoeth a
aeaeueiaeoai oiaiee naaeeoueny, anoaaaoue, ia?anooiaoue. Ec eaiaoiuo
caoeia ia iniiaa iiieiaiey ?a/e ie?oaeathueo aicieeatho ia?aua
iniuneaiiua neiaa.

A 6,5—7 ian. i?e iaee/ee aeaaii?eyoiuo oneiaee aeey ?acaeoey aeaeaeaiee
aeaoe ia/eiatho iiecaoue: ii-ieanooinee, ia /aoaa?aiueeao. Iiecaiea
i/aiue iieacii aeey ?aaaiea, oae eae ?acaeaaao e oe?aieyao aai
einoii-iuoa/ioth nenoaio, niinianoaoao ?anoe?aieth i?eaioe?iaee iaeuoa a
ie?oaeathuai, aeaeaao ?aaaiea aieaa naiinoiyoaeueiui.

*oiau iao/eoue ?aaaiea a ia/aea aoi?iai iieoaiaeey iiecaoue, iaaei
i?aaeinoaaeoue aio aiciiaeiinoue naiaiaeii aeaeaaoueny, o. a. iiianoeoue
aai a iaiaae. Aeey aeaoae, iao/eaoeony iiecaoue, neaaeoao ioai?iaeeoue
aa?uea?ii /anoue a?oiiiaie eiiiaou, ooaieeoue iie.

Iao/ay ?aaaiea iiecaieth, ac?ineue iiaoaeaeaao aai e yoiio aeaeaeaieth
eioa?aniie ea?ooeie. Anee iiiuoea ?aaaiea i?iaeaeiooueny aia?aae
ieaaeaony iaoaea/iie, ioaeii nicaeaoue iii?o aeey aai iia, iai?eia?
iiaenoaaeoue eaaeiiue, a eioi?oth iaeuo iiaeao oia?aoueny iiaeeaie e
iooieeiooueny. Anee ac?ineua ia iiiiaatho ?aaaieo, iaeaaeaaoaio
iiecaieai, ia?aaeaeaaoueny aia?aae, ii iiaeao ia/aoue iiecaoue iacaae,
ia i?eaeeaeaynue e i?aaeiaoai, a ioaeaeyynue io ieo.

Iao/eaoenue iiecaoue, iaeuo ia/eiaao, oeaieyynue ca aa?uea? iaiaaea,
anoaaaoue, naaeeoueny. A 9—10 ian. ?aaaiea iaaei iiaoaeaeaoue anoaaaoue
ia iiaeee, iiaeaaoeaay e e?ayi iaiaaea y?eea ea?ooee. Caoai ?aaaiie
ia/eiaao ia?anooiaoue aaeieue iaiaaea, aea?aeanue ‘ ca aai aa?uea?.
Oeaeaniia?acii noeioee?iaaoue ?aaaiea ia?aaeaeaaoueny ia iiaeeao,
iieacuaay aio eioa?anioth ea?ooeo e eaneiai iiaecuaay e naaa.

Ioaeii no?aieoueny e oiio, /oiau, aei oiai eae ?aaaiie ia/iao
naaeeoueny, ii iao/eeny iiecaoue ia /aoaa?aiueeao, anoaaaoue ia iiaeee,
ia?anooiaoue. Yoe aeaeaeaiey oe?aiyo aai einoii-iu-oa/ioth nenoaio.
?aaaiie, iaeaaeaaoee yoeie aeaeaeaieyie, oece/anee ie?aioee, a iica
“neaey” ia aoaeao noooeeoueny.

Iao/aoue ?aaaiea neaeaoue ?aiueoa a—9 ian. a?aaeii, oae eae yoi iiaeao
i?eaanoe e ene?eaeaieth iicaiii/ieea. E?iia oiai, ?aiiaa neaeaiea
i?eo/aao e ianneaiiio aiae?noaiaaieth; e iauae

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caaeneiinoe io ac?ineuo, iioiio /oi a yoie iica ?aaaieo o?oaeia naiiio
aeinoaoue ioeaoeaoothny ea?ooeo, ia?aiaieoue iieiaeaiea

oaea e o. i.

Ineoe/aneia ?acaeoea ?aaaiea aoi?iai iieoaiaeey ia?aiai ai- ,

aea aeecie naycaii n oi?ie?iaaieai i?aaeiinueie oeaeaiai?aa- .
eaiiuo aeaenoaee n i?aaeiaoaie. Aia/aea o ?aaaiea iiyaeyaony a
aeaeaiea iiaoi?youe aeaenoaey ac?ineiai: iioeiiuaaoue ?oeie ii
i?aaeiaoai, ia?aeeaaeuaaoue ea?ooeo ec iaeiie ?oee a ae?oaoth. Eioa?an e
oaeei aeaeaeaieyi naycai n oneeaieai i?eaioe?iai/iie aeayoaeueiinoe
iaeuoa, iao/eaoaainy e 5—6 ian. ?anniao?eaaoue i?aaeiaou, aini?eieiaoue
eo oeaao, oi?io, caoee, ecaeaaaaiua

eie, e ae?oaea ea/anoaa.

Iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiuie i?eaiaie iao/aiey iaeuoa ?acee/iui aeaenoaeyi
yaeythony oaeea, eioi?ua iiaee?aieythony ae?oaeie eioa?aniuie aeey
?aaaiea ?acae?aaeeoaeyie. Iai?eia?, ainieoaoaeue, iieacuaay iaeuoo, eae
aeeaaeuaaoue oa?ee a ei?iaeo, aeieaeai iieiaeeoue aai oae, /oiau
?acaeaeny caoe.

Iaeaaeaiea oeaeaiai?aaeaiiuie ?acoeueoaoeaiuie aeaenoaeyie
iiaeaioaaeeaaao ?aaaiea e auiieiaieth aieaa neiaeiuo iaieioeyoeee n
i?aaeiaoaie, ?acaeaaao aai aieiaiea, iaiyoue, iaaeyaeii-aeaenoaaiiia
iuoeaiea, aeaeaao aeoeaiui, naiinoiyoaeueiui.

E ia/aeo aoi?iai iieoaiaeey ia?yaeo n eiie?iaaieai aeaeaeaiee (oeia
iinooeeaaiey, ?aciaoeaaiey) o ?aaaiea iiyaeyaony no?aieaiea iiiaie?aoii
i?ieciineoue iaeioi?ua caoee. A iniiaa yoiai yaeaiey eaaeeo ?acaeoea
eioa?ana e caoeai nianoaaiiiai aieina. E 5—6 ian. iaeuo, iaoiaeyueeny a
yiioeeiiaeueii-iieiaeeoaeueiii ninoiyiee, iao/aaony i?ieciineoue
iiaoi?iua neiae, iai?eia? oa-oa-oa. Iiiaie?aoiinoue i?iecianaiey caoeia
eaaeeo a | iniiaa ?acaeoey naiiiiae?aaeaiey, a a aeaeueiaeoai —
iiae?aaeaiey * caoeai aieina ac?ineiai.

Oi?ie?oy o ?aaaiea eaiao, ioaeii o/eoue iaeuoa i?ieciineoue ii
iiae?aaeaieth nia/aea ciaeiiua neiae, oa, eioi?ua ii oaea i?ieciineo
nai, iicaea — iaciaeiiua, iiaua aeey iaai. A ?acaiai?a n aeaoueie
neaaeoao /aoei i?ieciineoue caoee e neaaeeoue ca oai, /oiau ?aaaiie
aeaeae eeoei ac?ineiai, a?oeeoeyoeeth caoeia. Eiaaea aeaoe iao/aony
iiaeieao eaiaoaoue, iiaeii i?aaieciaaoue ea?u-ia?aeee/ee, o. a.
iiaeaea?aeeaaoue eaiao ioaeaeueiuo aeaoae, i?ieciineoue caoee aneaae ca
ieie.

Oaniue eiioaeo ?aaaiea aoi?iai iieoaiaeey n ainieoaoaeai aaaeao e
?acaeoeth iiieiaiey ?a/e ac?ineuo. Iieacaoaeai iiieiaiey neia ac?ineiai
yaeyaony niaoeeoe/aneay aeaeaaoaeueiay ?aaeoeey ?aaaiea: iiai?io aieiau
a noi?iio iacuaaaiiai i?aaeiaoa, aeano, oeacuaathuee ia i?aaeiao,
auiieiaiea iacaaiiiai ac?ineui aeaeaeaiey, iai?eia? naeaeaoue eaaeooee.
A ia/aea yoiai ia?eiaea ?aaaiie naycuaaao neiai n eaeei-oi iaeiei
eiie?aoiui i?aaeiaoii. Iai?eia?, neiai “eyey” ii ioiineo ia e ethaie, a
eeoue e ii?aaeaeaiiie eoeea. Yoi icia/aao, /oi neiai aua ia i?eia?aei
ooieoeeth iaiauaiey. ?aaaiie auno?aa ia/eiaao iiieiaoue

128

.’<^iacaaiey oao i?aaeiaoia, eioi?ua eioa?aniu aio, iiyoiio, iao/ay aai ia?ae/iiio iiieiaieth ?a/e, neaaeoao eniieueciaaoue icao/aiiua, e?ani/iua, e?oiiua ea?ooee, i?eaiu nth?i?eciinoe — i?y-oaiey e iiyaeaiey ea?ooae.A aic?anoa 6—7 ian. aeaoe ia aii?in “aaea?” (eyey, /anu, iaoooie) iiai?a/eaatho aieiao a noi?iio iacuaaaiiai i?aaeiaoa. Anee ianoi ?aniieiaeaiey i?aaeiaoa iaiyaony, ?aaaiie ia iiaeao aai iaeoe, iioiio /oi neiai naycaii aeey iaai ia oieueei n i?aaeiaoii, ii e ii?aaeaeaiiui ianoii aai iaoiaeaeaiey. A 9—10 ian. aeaoe iaoiaeyo i?aaeiaou i?e iacuaaiee iacaaeneii io eo ianoiiieiaeaiey. Iiyoiio nia/aea i?aaeiaou anaaaea aeieaeiu noiyoue ia ii?aaeaeaiiuo ianoao. Neiaanii iaicia/ay i?aaeiaou, ac?ineua iicaaioyony i oii, /oiau ?aaaiie ia oieueei niio?ae ia ieo, ii e o?iaae, i?eneooeaaeny e eo cao/aieth. *ai aieueoa aiaeecaoi?ia aeeth/aaony a aini?eyoea ea?ooee, oai auno?aa ?aaaiie caiiieiaao aa iacaaiea.Aeey ?acaeoey iiieiaiey ?aaaieii neia, iaicia/athueo i?aaeiaou, neaaeoao iiiaie?aoii iiaoi?youe iaeii e oi aea neiai, ioiinyuaany e ii?aaeaeaiiie ea?ooea, iiaeiineoue ?aaaiea e iae eee iiaeiineoue ea?ooeo e ?aaaieo, aeaoue iaeuoo aiciiaeiinoue ?anniio?aoue aa, iuoiaoue, i?eneooaoueny e aa cao/aieth.Oiaiea eaiaoaoue, a oaeaea niioiineoue neiaa n i?aaeiaoaie e aeaenoaeyie yaeyaony oie iniiaie, ia eioi?ie a aeaeueiaeoai no?ieony aanue i?ioeann ?a/aaiai ?acaeoey.Ia?eiae Aieueoia cia/aiea aeey ineoe/aneiai ?acaeoeyio 9—10 ian. aeaoae eiatho oiaiey, eioi?ua oi?ie?othony aaei iaeiiai aiaea iineaaeiae /aoaa?oe aiaea. Yoi oiaiey naiinoiyoaeueii oiaeeoue, oeaeaiai?aaeaiii caieiaoueny n ea?ooeaie, iiae?aaeaoue aeaenoaeyi e ?a/e ac?ineiai.I?aaeiinueeaie oiaeueau neoaeeo oe?aieaiea einoii-iuoa/-iie nenoaiu a i?ioeanna iiecaiey, ?acaeoea oiaiee anoaaaoue o aa?uea?a, onoie/eai noiyoue, ia?anooiaoue, aea?aeanue ca ia?eea iaiaaea. A 9—10 ian., iao/eaoenue iiaeieiaoueny o aa?uea?a, aeaoe ia/eiatho ia?anooiaoue aaeieue iaai, aoiaeyo ia ai?eo, aea?aeanue ca ia?eea; a 11 ian. iiiaea iaeuoe naiinoiyoaeueii noiyo, oiaeyo, i?eaea?aeeaaaiua ainieoaoaeai ca iaeio ?oeo, a e aiaeo — naiinoiyoaeueii. Naiinoiyoaeueiay oiaeueaa inaiaiaeaeaao ?oee ?aaaiea, /oi nicaeaao aeaaii?eyoiua oneiaey aeey ?anoe?aiey aeayoaeueiinoe n i?aaeiaoaie, oaaee/eaaao aiciiaeiinoe iciaeiieaiey n ie?oaeathuei. Naiaa?aiaiiia iao/aiea iaeuoa oiaeueaa iaiaoiaeeii aeey aai ii?iaeueiiai oece/aneiai e oinoaaiiiai ?acaeoey.Iao/ay aeaoae oiaeueaa, ac?ineua aeieaeiu nicaeaaaoue oaeea oneiaey, eioi?ua niinianoaiaaee au ?acaeoeth yoiai oiaiey. Ia iiei/eao aaeieue aa?uea?a iaiaaea ?aneeaaeuaathony y?eea ea?ooee, eioi?ua iiaoaeaeatho iaeuoae i?eiiaeieiaoueny. Ainieoaoaeue, ia?aiauay ea?ooeo ii e?ath aa?uea?a, noeioee?oao ia?anooiaiea iaeuoa aneaae ca iae. Aeaoae, iao/eaoeony oi?ioi iiecaoue, iiae-5 Caeac 276 129ieiaoueny e ia?anooiaoue aaeieue aa?uea?a, iiiauatho a ioai?iaeaiioth /anoue eiiiaou. Caeanue ?aciauathony iiniaey, iaiaoiaeeiua aeey ?acaeoey aeaeaeaiee: eanaiea ni neaoii, neaiaa/ee, noie-aa?uea?. Iaaaeue ?annoaaeyaony oae, /oiau iaeuo iia ioi?aaoueny io iaeiiai i?aaeiaoa, ia?anooieoue e ooo aea ooaaoeoueny ca ae?oaie.Yooaeoeaiui i?eaiii iao/aiey naiinoiyoaeueiie oiaeueaa yaeyaony nicaeaiea ac?ineuie neooaoeee, eioi?ay auioaeaeaea au ?aaaiea naeaeaoue ia?aue naiinoiyoaeueiue oaa. Iai?eia?, ainieoaoaeue ciaao ?aaaiea, iieacuaay aio i?eaeaeaoaeueioth ea?ooeo, iaeuo oyiaony e iae e aeaeaao ia?aua oaae. I?e yoii neaaeoao iaa?aaaoue aeaoae io aiciiaeiiai iaaeaiey, oae eae no?ao ia?aae iaaeaieai iiaeao caoi?iiceoue ?acaeoea oiaeueau.A ia?eiae io 9—10 ian. aei 1 aiaea i?ienoiaeyo ea/anoaaiiua eciaiaiey a aeayoaeueiinoe aeaoae n i?aaeiaoaie. A nayce n oneiaeiaieai eii?aeeiaoeee ?oe e aeac o aeaoae iiyaeyaony niiniaiinoue niioiineoue i?aaeiaou iaaeaeo niaie: iaiecuaaoue eiea/ee ia iaei/ee, anoaaeyoue ?acee/iua aeeaaeuoe a niioaaonoaothuea ioaa?noey, iiaeiineoue /aoeo ei ?oo eoeeu e o. i. Cia/aiea ?acaeoey iiaeiaiuo oiaiee ?aaaiea ia?iiii. Ai-ia?auo, iioiio, /oi a i?ioeanna iaeaaeaiey niioiineiuie aeaenoaeyie ?acaeaaaony iaeeay ioneoeaoo?a eenoe ?oee. Ai-aoi?uo, onoaiaaeeaaaony /aoeay eii?aeeiaoeey aeaeaeaiey aeac e ?oe. A-o?aoueeo, niaoeeaeueii i?aaiecoaiay ac?ineuie aeayoaeueiinoue ?aaaiea n i?aaeiaoaie i?eaiaeeo e ?acaeoeth iaaeyaeii-aeaenoaaiiiai iuoeaiey. Iaeuo iiaeao iaiecuaaoue ia iaei/ee aia/aea eieueoea io iia?aiooae, iicaea — eieueoea ie?aieaeee, “ei?ieoue” ia oieueei eoeeo, ii e caeeo, e ieoeo. A-/aoaa?ouo, iai?aaeaiiinoue aeaenoaee ia iieo/aiea ii?aaeaeaiiiai ?acoeueoaoa niinianoaoao ?acaeoeth eo i?iecaieueiinoe. E iaeiiaoe, cia/eoaeueiia /enei ?aco/aiiuo aeaenoaee n i?aaeiaoaie neoaeeo ooiaeaiaioii, ia eioi?ii no?ieony ea?iaay aeayoaeueiinoue ia aoi?ii aiaeo aeecie.I?aaiecoy aiae?noaiaaiea aeaoae eiioea ia?aiai aiaea aeecie, ainieoaoaeue aeieaeai i?enoaeueii neaaeeoue ca i?aaeeueiui eniieueciaaieai ea?ooae e iiniaee, i?aaeoi?aaeaeaoue iiyaeaiea i?inouo iaieioeyoeaiuo aeaenoaee n ieie: iinooeeaaiey, ?aciaoeaaiey i?aaeiaoaie e o. ae. Aeaey, /oi ?aaaiie onoae caieiaoueny ea?ooeaie, ac?ineue aeieaeai ia?aeeth/eoue aai ia ae?oaie aeae aeayoaeueiinoe, iai?eia? ia ?anniao?eaaiea iiaie ea?ooee. *oiau iinoiyiii iiaeaea?aeeaaoue eioa?an aeaoae e aaaeiui aeey eo ?acaeoey ea?ooeai e iiniaeyi, iaiaoiaeeii ia?eiaee/anee ia iaeioi?ia a?aiy oae?aoue eo.Aeey ea?u aeaoyi yoiai aic?anoa iiaeii aeaaaoue ?aciiia?aciua aeeaaeuoe: /aoa/ee, oi?ii/ee aeey ianea, aeeaaeiua eoau, aooeee, a?eai/ee aeey aoueaiey a ioaa?noey, oa?ia?inu, ieanoianniaua eoaeee, ee?ie/eee aeey iaeeaaeuaaiey ae?oa ia ae?oaa, a oaeaea eoeeu e ae?oaea ia?aciua ea?ooee, eineoou oeaie aeey caaa?ouaaiey eo. Ie?aieaeee, aeeaaeuoe, eoaeee e ae?oaea ea?iaua iiniaey neaaeoao i?aaeeaaaoue aeey naiinoiyoaeueiie ea?u oieueei iinea130oiai, eae aeaoe iao/aony i?aaeeueii ia?auaoueny n yoeie i?aaeiaoaie a i?ioeanna caiyoee n ainieoaoaeai, eia/a iaeuoe i?eaueioo eniieueciaaoue eo ia ii iacia/aieth.A iao/aiee aeaoae aeaenoaeyi ?acee/atho ianeieueei yoaiia. Nia/aea eniieuecoaony iaoiae ianneaiuo aeaeaeaiee. Ainieoaoaeue aa?ao ?oee iaeuoa a naie e i?iaeaeuaaao n iei ?aco/eaaaiua aeaenoaey, iai?eia? ioe?uoue e cae?uoue iao?aoeo. Caoai ac?ineue iiaoaeaeaao ?aaaiea auiieieoue aeaenoaea i i neiao, ni/aoathuaiony n iieacii aeaenoaey. E iaeiiaoe, ?aaaiie ia/eiaao auiieiyoue aeaenoaea oieueei ii neiaaniiio oeacaieth: ioe?ie iao?aoeo, cae?ie iao?aoeo. Oaeei aea iaoiaeii aeaoe o/aony auiieiyoue eaaeooee, aei naeaeaiey, iieacuaaoue /anoe oaea ia naaa e ia eoeea e o. ae.Nenoaiaoe/aneia eiaeeaeaeoaeueiia iauaiea ainieoaoaey n aeaoueie ?anoe?yao caian iiieiaaiuo eie neia. Ia ia?aii aiaeo aeecie iiieiaaiue ?aaaieii neiaa?ue oe?a, /ai eniieuecoaiue a aeoeaiie ?a/e. A ianneaiii neiaa?a aiaeiaaeiai ?aaaiea ian/eouaaaony 20—30 neia. Yoi neiaa, iaicia/athuea /anoe oaea (aeaca, iin, ?oea), aeaenoaey (aeae, eaee, nyaeue), ea?ooee (iaoooie, eyey, niaa/ea) e o. ae. Aeey ?acaeoey iiieiaiey iacaaiee i?aaeiaoia iiaeii i?iaanoe caiyoey oeia iieaca ea?ooae ec iaoi/ea, n eniieueciaaieai i?eaia aiacaiiiai iiyaeaiey e en/aciiaaiey. Ea?ooea, iacaaiea eioi?ie ?aco/eaaaony, iiyaeyaony iaiaeeaeaiii aeey aeaoae ec “/oaeaniiai iaoi/ea”, y?eiai ieaoi/ea. I?iaeaeaa n ea?ooeie iaeii-aeaa aeaenoaey (niaa/ea aaaeeo, eaao e o. i.), aa i?y/oo, iiaoaeaeay aeaoae iicaaoue: eaee-eaee. O iaeuoae y?ei au?aaeaaony i?eaioe?iai/iay ?aaeoeey ia caeioa?aniaaaooth eo ea?ooeo. Iaeiia?aiaiii niio?aoue e iacuaaoue aa aeaoe ia iiaoo, iiyoiio iiaoaeaeaoue eo e iacuaaieth neaaeoao a iiiaio ionoonoaey ea?ooee. Oaeea caiyoey iiaeii i?iaanoe n iaaieueoie iiaea?oiiie (3—4 ?aaaiea).N oeaeueth ?aco/eaaiey eiai aeaoae, a oaeaea e iacaaiee ea?ooae iiaeii i?iaanoe ea?o a i?yoee. E?aneaue i?ic?a/iue (/oiau ec-iiae iaai auei aeaeii ?aaaiea) ieaoi/ae iaa?anuaaaony ia aieiao iaeuoa. “Aaea Aeaoa?” — ni?aoeaaao ainieoaoaeue. Aeaoe noyaeaatho ieaoie e ?aaeinoiuie aicaeanaie nii?iaiaeaeatho iiyaeaiea ?aaaiea. Oaeei aea ia?acii iaua?uaathony ea?ooee e ?aco/eaathony eo iacaaiey.Aeey oi?ie?iaaiey iiieiaiey ?a/e ioaeii eniieueciaaoue ia oieueei caiyoey, ii e iianaaeiaaioth aeeciue: caaeaeanue eaiii/ea — ni?ineoue, aaea iaiiae, o?iiee ea?ooeo — neacaoue: “Aao, oiaea!”, ooiaeeo oaoy — “Iiiaoe ?o/eie” e o. ae.A eiioea ia?aiai aiaea neaaeoao iiaeaiaeeoue aeaoae e ia?ae/iui iaiauaieyi ea?ooae ii nouanoaaiiui i?eciaeai. N yoie oeaeueth neaaeoao iiaeae?aoue iaeii?iaeiua ea?ooee, ?acee/athueany ii aiaoiaio aeaeo. A 10—11 ian. aeaoe oaea ciatho, /oi eyey—ia oieueei oa eoeea, /oi neaeeo ia iiei/ea, ii e, iai?eia?, iaeaiueeay ?aceiiaay, e aieueoay, eioi?oth iieacuaaao ainieoaoaeue ia caiy-5- 131oeyo. Iaiauaieth aeaenoaee niinianoaotho oaeea ii?o/aiey ainieoaoaey, eae “iiei?ie eyeth, niaa/eo, ooi/eo” e o. ae. Auiieiaiea ?aaaieii iaeiiai e oiai aea aeaenoaey ii ioiioaieth e ?aciui ea?ooeai ?acaeaaao iiieiaiea neiaa, iaicia/athuaai aeaenoaea ni iiiaeie i?aaeiaoaie.A caiana iiieiaaiuo aeaoueie neia a eiioea ia?aiai aiaea anoue e oaeea, eae “iiaeii”, “iaeuecy”. Iie ia/eiatho iiieiaoue yoe neiaa, anee ac?ineue i?einoaiaaeeaaao iaaeaeaoaeueiia aeaenoaea, i?ieciiny neiai “iaeuecy” n niioaaonoaothuae no?iaie eioiiaoeeae, e, iaiai?io, i?ieciineo “iiaeii” n ?ac?aoathuae, aeia?iaeaeaoaeueiie.Oaeei ia?acii, oaea a yoio ia?eiae noaiiaeony aiciiaeiui n iiiiuueth ?a/e aicaeaenoaiaaoue ia iiaaaeaiea aeaoae.A iineaaeiae /aoaa?oe aiaea o ?aaaiea eioaineaii ?acaeaathony aieiniaua ?aaeoeee, aeaoe iiiai e ?aciiia?acii eaia/oo, e aiaeo i?ieciinyo ia?aua, eaaeea aeey i?ieciioaiey, ninoiyuea ec iiaoi?ythueony neiaia neiaa: ia-ia, aa-aa, aa-aa, aao, aeae e ae?. A aeoeaiii neiaa?a ?aaaiea ian/eouaathony a yoi a?aiy aei 12 neia.Ia?aua i?ieciineiua neiaa aicieeatho ia iniiaa eiathuaainy caiana iiieiaaiuo, niiniaiinoe a?oeeoee?iaaoue caoee e iiae?aaeaiey. A yoio ia?eiae aaaeii iao/eoue aeaoae eaaei iiae?aaeaoue caoeai, i?ieciineiui ac?ineuie.Iiiiy i iaiaoiaeeiinoe oi?ie?iaaiey aeoeaiie ?a/e iaeuoae, ia noieo iaiaaeeaiii ?aaae?iaaoue e auiieiyoue eo aeaeaiey, au?aaeaiiua aeanoaie, ieieeie, a iaaei i?aaeeaaaoue ei au?aceoue naith i?inueao niioaaonoaothuei i?inoui neiaii. A oi aea a?aiy ioaeii iaycaoaeueii iiaeaea?aeeaaoue ethaia ?a/aaia ia?auaiea ?aaaiea ei ac?ineiio, aeaaea anee iii iaiiiyoii. Ac?ineua iau/ii aeiaaaeuaathony ia enoeiiii aeaeaiee aeaoae, i?eniao?eaaynue e eo iiaaaeaieth.A eiioea aiaea aic?anoaao iio?aaiinoue aeaoae a iauaiee n ie?oaeathueie. Aianoa n oai oneeeaaaony ecae?aoaeueiia ioiioaiea e iei: aeaoe ia/eiatho auaeaeyoue oao, eoi i?iyaeyao e iei eaneo, ea?aao e caieiaaony n ieie. Ianoi?iaeaiiinoue eee aeaaea io?eoeaoaeueiia ioiioaiea e iaciaeiiui ac?ineui yaeyaony iaeiie ec i?e/ei oiai, /oi iaeuoe, iinooieaoea a eiioea ia?aiai aiaea aeecie a aeaoneia o/?aaeaeaiea, cia/eoaeueii o?oaeiaa i?eaueatho e iiaui oneiaeyi, /ai aieaa ieaaeoea aeaoe.?aaaiie 9—12 ian. eioa?anoaony oai, /oi aeaeatho ae?oaea aeaoe. Eiiaaea ii ia/eiaao ia?aeeeeaoueny n ieie, oeuaaaony, e neo/aeii iiaeao aicieeiooue niaianoiay ea?a (?aaaiie i?e aeaea oiiecathuaai iaeuoa auno?i iiecao ca iei, aeiaiiyao— iaa ?aaeothony). Ii ia?aaeei a yoii aic?anoa iaaethaeathony e io?eoeaoaeueiua acaeiiioiioaiey, iau/ii iie aicieeatho i?e aeaeaiee acyoue ea?ooeo, iaoiaeyuothny o ae?oaiai ?aaaiea.N oeaeueth i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey io?eoeaoaeueiuo acaeiiioiioaiee ioaeii no?aieoueny e oiio, /oiau ai a?aiy aiae?noaiaaiey eaaeaeue132?aaaiie aue aeoeaai e caiyo eaeie-eeai ea?ooeie. I?e iiiuoeao ioia?aoue i?aaeiao o ae?oaiai ?aaaiea iaeuoa iaeuecy ie ?oaaoue, ie iaeacuaaoue, aio neaaeoao i?aaeeiaeeoue ae?oaie i?aaeiao eee ioaea/ue aai aieiaiea.O aeaoae eiioea ia?aiai aiaea aeecie iaaei ainieouaaoue aeia?iaeaeaoaeueiia ioiioaiea ae?oa e ae?oao, oi?ie?iaaoue yeaiaiou iaueoaeueiinoe. N yoie oeaeueth neaaeoao iauaaeeiyoue ianeieueei aeaoae eae ia caiyoeyo, oae e a oiaea naiinoiyoaeueiie eo aeayoaeueiinoe, aucuaaoue iauee eioa?an, iauoth ?aaeinoue i?e iieacao caieiaoaeueiuo ea?ooae.Aaaeiaeoei oneiaeai, iaania/eaathuei ?a-ae^^e1'^1?^ oeeiiaeueioth i?aaiecaoeeth aeecie aeaoae yoiai ia?aiai aiaea aic?anoa, yaeyaony ?aaeei aeiy. ?aaeei i?aaeoniao?eaaao niioaaonoaothuaa aic?anoiui e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui iniaaiiinoyi aeaoae ?ani?aaeaeaiea a oa/aiea nooie i?ioeannia aiae?noaiaaiey, ei?ieaiey, nia e eo /a?aaeiaaiea, a oaeaea niaio aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe ai a?aiy aiae?noaiaaiey. I?e i?aaeeueiii ?aaeeia iaania/eaaaony ia oieueei, oe?aieaiea caei?iauey aeaoae, ii e eo ii?iaeueiia oece/aneia e ia?aii-ineoe/aneia ?acaeoea. N aic?anoii oaaee/eaaaony ?aaioiniiniaiinoue ia?aiie nenoaiu ?aaaiea, o. a. niiniaiinoue aeoeaii aiae?noaiaaoue ii?aaeaeaiiue io?acie a?aiaie. Eiai-ii yoi ianoiyoaeuenoai eaaeeo a iniiaa eciaiaiey ?aaeeiia a ?aiiai aeaonoaa.O/aiuie (I. I. Uaeiaaiia, I. I. Aena?eia e ae?.) ?ac?aaioaiu e iao/ii iainiiaaiu ?aaeeiu aeiy aeey eaaeaeiai aic?anoiiai ia?eiaea ?acaeoey ?aaaiea ia?aiai aiaea aeecie: io ?iaeaeaiey aei 2,5—3 ian., n 2,5—3 aei 5—6 ian., n 5—6 aei 9—10 ian., n 9—10 aei 1 aiaea 2—3 ian. Onoaiiaeaia iaeaieaa ?aoeeiiaeueiay iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue oaeiaeaoai?aiey i?aaie/aneeo iio?aaiinoae ?aaaiea a aiae?noaiaaiee, nia, ei?ieaiee. Ei?ieaiea aeieaeii neaaeiaaoue iinea nia, a aiae?noaiaaiea iinea ei?ieaiey. Auniaaoeeny ?aaaiie iau/ii oi?ioi ano, a nuoue aeoeaii aiae?noaoao, /oi niinianoaoao aai iieiioeaiiiio ?acaeoeth. I?e iacia/aiee ?aaeeia aeiy iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue ia oieueei aic?ano, ii e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua iniaaiiinoe aeaoae.Ia ia?aii aiaeo aeecie ?aaaiie ioaeaeaaony a eiaeeaeaeoaeueiii ianeoaeeaaiee e iao/aiee, iiyoiio a?oiio neaaeoao eiiieaeoiaaoue aeaoueie ?aciuo aic?anoiuo ia?eiaeia, /oiau a iae auei ia iaiaa aeaoo aic?anoiuo iiaea?oii, eaaeaeay ec eioi?uo aiae?noaoao ai a?aiy nia ae?oaie. Yoi aeaao aiciiaeiinoue oaeaeeoue aieueoaa aieiaiea eaaeaeiio ?aaaieo.Iiiauaiea a?oiiu aeaoae ia?aiai aiaea aeecie aeieaeii ninoiyoue ec eiiiaou aeey aiae?noaiaaiey e aa?aiaeu aeey nia. Yoe iaeuoe ia aoeytho, iiyoiio eo nii aeieaeai auoue i?aaieciaai ia aicaeooa. Aa?aiaea iaiaoiaeeia e aeey niaethaeaiey ?aaeeia aeiy, /oiau aiae?noaothuea aeaoe ia ia?ooaee iieie oao, eiio a yoi a?aiy iaaei niaoue.I?e nenoaiaoe/aneii auiieiaiee ?aaeeia ?aaaiie e 2—3 ian.133i?eaueaao e iaio, o. a. canuiaao e i?iaoaeaeaaony a ii?aaeaeaiiia a?aiy, n aiiaoeoii ano, niieieii aiae?noaoao, aeoaiei nieo.Ei?ieaiea aeaoae neaaeoao i?iaiaeeoue ii ia?a eo i?iaoaeaeaiey.Aaaeii noi?ie?iaaoue o aeaoae iieiaeeoaeueiia ioiioaiea e ei?ieaieth. Aeey yoiai ?aaaiea i?eo/atho e iineeueiie aeoeaiinoe:n 3,5—4 ian. eeaaeoo aai ?oee ia aoouei/eo, i?eo/ay aa oaea?aeeaaoue, n 7—8 ian.—anoue ei?i/eo oeaaa, n 10 ian.— i?eaea?aeeaaoue /aoeo, e aiaeo naiinoiyoaeueii ieoue ec iaa. Iieiaeeoaeueiia ioiioaiea e aaea iiaeaea?aeeaaaony e ?acaiai?ii ac?ineiai. Ii iacuaaao ieuo, i?ineo ?aaaiea ioeoneoue oeaa, ioe?uoue ?io e o. i.Aei 7—8 ian. ?aaaiea ei?iyo ia ?oeao o ac?ineiai. Aeaoae, iao/eaoeony neaeaoue, ei?iyo ii aeaia ca aunieei eiiaeie?iaaiiui noieii n auaeaeaeiuie e?aneeoeaie.I?e oeeaaeuaaiee aeaoae e iiaeuaia iinea nia aaaeii niaethaeaoue eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue iiaeoiae. A ia?aoth i/a?aaeue oeeaaeuaatho eaaei ooiieythueony aeaoae, caoai iaaeeaiii canuiathueo: oeiaeea ia?auo, iiaeii aieueoa aieiaiey oaeaeeoue aoi?ui. *oiau aeaoe ia i?inuiaeenue iaeiia?aiaiii, iaaei i?iaiaeeoue oeeaaeuaaiea ia aeiaaiie nii iaoi?iieeai, ia iaiaa /ai a oa/aiea 20— 30 iei. Iiaeieiaoue aeaoae iinea nia iaaei iinoaiaiii, ii ia?a i?iaoaeaeaiey. Iaeuecy aeiioneaoue iaeiia?aiaiiue iiaeuai anao. A yoii neo/aa aeaoyi i?eaeaony aeaeaoue ei?ieaiey. Eaaeaeiai i?inioaoaainy ?aaaiea iinea iaiaoiaeeiiai ooaeaoa ooo aea ei?iyo.Ia?aiaeaaaiea iinea nia e a oa/aiea aeiy eniieuecotho aeey iauaiey n ?aaaieii, ?acaeoey o iaai aeaeaeaiee, iiieiaiey e oi?ie?iaaiey aeoeaiie ?a/e.Iaeaaeaea aeey aiae?noaiaaiey ninoieo ec ?aniaoiiee, eiooi/ee, iiecoieia; iinea 8 ian. iiecoiee caiaiythony eiiaeiaciiii, ia iiae ?aaaieo iaaeaaatho oaieua iini/ee eee aioeii/ee.I?eo/aiea e ii?yoiinoe neaaeoao ia/eiaoue n oiai a?aiaie, eiaaea ?aaaiie iao/eony naiinoiyoaeueii neaeaoue, o. a. n 8—9 ian.Aeaaa 9.?ACAEOEA E AINIEOAIEA AeAOAE AOI?IAI AIAeA AEECIEA oneiaeyo i?aaeeueiiai aeaeaie/aneiai ooiaea, ieoaiey e ainieoaoaeueiuo ia?ii?eyoee aeaoe aoi?iai aiaea aeecie ca eaaeaeue ianyoe i?eaaaeytho a aana 170—190 a, au?anoatho ia 1 ni. E aeaoi aiaeai aan ?aaaiea a n?aaeiai aeinoeaaao 12—12,7 ea, ?ino— 85— 86 ni. O aeaooeaoiaai ?aaaiea —20 iiei/iuo coaia. Oaaee/eaaaony ?aaioiniiniaiinoue ia?aiie nenoaiu: a ia?aii iieoaiaeee aeaoe iiaoo aeoeaii aiae?noaiaaoue 3—4 /, ai aoi?ii —4—5 /. Niioaaonoaaiii oiaiueoaaony nooi/iia a?aiy nia — n 14 aei 12,5 /. 134A ia?aua 2—3 ian. aoi?iai aiaea aeecie nio?aiythony iniaaiiinoe oece/aneiai e ineoe/aneiai ?acaeoey, oa?aeoa?iua aeey i?aaeoanoaothuaai yoaia. Niaa?oainoaothony oaea i?eia?aoaiiua ?aaaieii aeaeaeaiey, aeaenoaey n i?aaeiaoaie, ?a/aaua ?aaeoeee. A yoi a?aiy a iniiaiii i?iaeieaeaaony iaaeaaiae/aneay ?aaioa, ia/aoay n aeaoueie a eiioea ia?aiai aiaea aeecie.Oaii ineoe/aneiai e oece/aneiai ?acaeoey aeaoae ia aoi?ii aiaeo aeecie iaiaa eioaineaai, /ai ia ia?aii. Iiyoiio i?ia?aiia ainieoaiey a aeaoneii naaeo i?aaeoniao?eaaao eciaiaiea ?aaeeia aeiy, caaea/ e iaoiaeia ainieoaiey ia iieaa?oaeueii (/a?ac eaaeaeua 3 ianyoea), a ii iieoaiaeeyi. 'A?oiia aoi?iai aiaea aeecie eiiieaeooaony aeaoue-I?aaiecaoeey ie a aic?anoa io 1 aiaea aei 2 eao. Aeaoae aeecie aeaoae AeI 1.° eao aeieaeii auoue ia aieaa /c nieni/-aoi?iai aiaea iiai ninoaaa: anee a a?oiia 18 iaeuoae, oi aeaoae ia?aiai iieoaiaeey aeieaeii auoue i?eia?ii 6, aoi?iai — 12.O aeaoae aoi?iai aiaea aeecie a nayce n oaaee/aieai aeeeoaeueiinoe aiae?noaiaaiey eciaiyaony eiee/anoai io?aceia aeiaaiiai nia. Aeaoe ia?aiai iieoaiaeey niyo aeiai aeaa ?aca: ii 2—2,5 e 1—1,5 /; iinea iieooi?a eao—iaeei ?ac: 2,5—3 /.Ia?aaiae aeaoae ia ?aaeei n iaeiie?aoiui aeiaaiui niii niaa?oaaony iinoaiaiii, a oa/aiea ianeieueeeo ianyoeaa. Nia/aea, a 1 aiae 3 ian.—1 aiae 5 ian., oeeaaeuaaiea ia ia?aue aeiaaiie nii ioiaeaeaaaony ia aieaa iicaeiaa a?aiy — aianoi 9 / 30 iei ia 10 /. Anee aeaoe, oeiaeaiiua ia aoi?ie aeiaaiie nii, iiaeieao ia canuiatho, eo e 1 aiaeo 5—8 ian. (a caaeneiinoe io eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo iniaaiiinoae e ninoiyiey caei?iauey) ia?aaiaeyo ia iaeii?aciaue, aieaa i?iaeieaeeoaeueiue aeiaaiie nii. Aia/aea ia?aaaaeaiiua ia yoio ?aaeei aeiaaiiai nia aeaoe /oanoaotho naay oi?ioi, ii iinoaiaiii o ieo iaeaieeaaaony ooiieaiea, aucaaiiia oaaee/aieai io?acea aiae?noaiaaiey: iie ieioi aaeyo ai a?aiy iaaaea, eiiaaea canuiatho ca noieii, noaiiayony aicaoaeeiuie. A yoii neo/aa aeaoae neaaeoao a?aiaiii aa?iooue ia ?aaeei n aeaoiy aeiaaiuie niaie, a nionoy i?eia?ii aeaa iaaeaee niiaa ia?aaanoe ia iaeii?aciaue aeiaaiie nii.Eiiieaeoiaaiea a?oiiu aeaoueie ia?aiai e aoi?iai iieoaiaeey iicaieyao ?acaeaeeoue aa ia aeaa iiaea?oiiu: ai a?aiy aiae?noaiaaiey iaeiie ae?oaay iiaea?oiia neeo. Yoi aeaao aiciiaeiinoue aieueoa aieiaiey oaeaeeoue aeaoyi, eioi?ua aua i/aiue ioaeaeathony a iiiiue ac?ineuo.Auiieiaiea ?aaeeia a a?oiia aoi?iai aiaea eiaao naie o?oaeiinoe, iiyoiio i/aiue aaaeii /aoei ?ani?aaeaeeoue iaycaiiinoe iaaeaeo ainieoaoaeai e iyiae.Ana ?aaeeiiua i?ioeannu aeieaeiu i?iaiaeeoueny n o/aoii i?eioeeia iinoaiaiiinoe. Yoi cia/eo, /oi ainieoaoaeue eee iyiy aeeth/aao a i?ioeann noieueei aeaoae, neieueei iaeiia?aiaiii iiaoo ianeoaeeoue, a eaaeaeue ?aaaiie aeieaeai cao?aoeoue ia ?aaeeiiue135i?ioeann noieueei a?aiaie, neieueei o?aaoaony aio iaeiiio, a ia anae a?oiia aeaoae. Inoaeueiia a?aiy ii aeieaeai ea?aoue.Iaeuoae aei 1,5 eao iiaeieiatho e ei?iyo iinoaiaiii ii ia?a i?iaoaeaeaiey ii 3—4 /aeiaaea. Aeaoe iinea 1,5 eao caao?aeatho, iaaaeatho e oaeeiatho ana aianoa.Ai a?aiy ei?ieaiey, iaeaaaiey, ooaeaoa aeaoe i?eaeaeathony e iineeueiie naiinoiyoaeueiinoe. E 1 aiaeo 3 ian. iie ia/eiatho iieueciaaoueny eiaeeie, a 1,5 aiaea — naiinoiyoaeueii aaeyo, ii iaiiieiaieth ainieoaoaey auoe?atho ?io naeoaoeie, caaeaeaatho nooeue/ee, auoiaey ec-ca noiea, e o. i. Aeaoae o/ao i?e oiuaaiee iiaenoaaeyoue ?oee iiae no?oth aiaeu, i?eieiaoue o/anoea a auoe?aiee eeoea e ?oe, i?iyaeyoue aeoeaiinoue i?e iaeaaaiee e ?acaeaaaiee.E aeaoi aiaeai aeaoe aeieaeiu oiaoue naiinoiyoaeueii anoue ana aeaeu ieue, ciaoue naia ianoi ca noieii, i?aaeeueii iieueciaaoueny naeoaoeie, ioiaeaeaaoue e caaeaeaaoue nooe, auoiaey ec-ca noiea- Ai a?aiy ia?aiaeaaaiey aeaoe nieiatho eieaioee, ooaiu, aioeiee. Yoe aeaenoaey iie inouanoaeytho iiae ?oeiaiaenoaii e i?e iiiiue ac?ineiai.E eiioeo ia?aiai aiaea aeecie ?aaaiie ia/eiaao oiaeeoue, aiai?eoue, aeaenoaiaaoue n i?aaeiaoaie. Yoe i?aaeiinueee ii?aaeaeytho aai ?acaeoea ia aoi?ii aiaeo aeecie. Iiyoiio aaaeoueie oiaieyie yaeythony: niaa?oainoaiaaiea oiaeueau, ?acaeoea aeaenoaee n i?aaeiaoaie, aicieeiiaaiea nthaeaoiie ea?u, noaiiaeaiea ?a/e e ia aa iniiaa oi?ie?iaaiea acaeiiioiioaiee ni ac?ineuie, iioii ni naa?noieeaie.Aaaeioth ?ieue a ?acaeoee aeaeaeaiee o aeaoae Aeaeaeaiey aoi?iai aiaea aeecie ea?aao i?aaiecaoeey niaoeeaeueiuo oneiaee aiae?noaiaaiey, i?iaaaeaiea iiaeaeaeiuo ea?, aeiianoe/aneeo oi?aaeiaiee.Aaaeouei aeaeii aeaeaeaiee a yoi a?aiy yaeyaony naiinoiyoaeueiay oiaeueaa. ?aaaiie eniuouaaao a iae aieueooth iio?aaiinoue, iiyoiio iia aucuaaao o iaai iieiaeeoaeueiua yiioeee. Oiaeueaa aeaao iaeuoo aiciiaeiinoue eo/oa i?eaioe?iaaoueny a ie?a i?aaeiaoia, iiciaaaoue eo naienoaa, acaeiinayce e o. ae.Aeoeaiua aeaeaeaiey ?aaaiea, ?anoe?ythuea aai i?eaioe?iaeo a ie?oaeathuai, noeioee?otho ?acaeoea ineoe/aneeo ooieoeee (iuouaiee, aini?eyoey, iaiyoe, aieiaiey, iaaeyaeii-aeaenoaaiiiai iuoeaiey).Ii ia?a oiai eae oiaeueaa ?aaaiea noaiiaeony ana aieaa aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie, nicaeathony i?aaeiinueee aeey aeoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe ?oe. Ii iiaeao, ia aiynue iioa?youe ?aaiiaanea e oianoue, iineoue a ?oeao i?aaeiaou, aiceoue eo. E eiioeo aoi?iai aiaea oiaeueaa ianoieueei aaoiiaoece?oaony, /oi ?aaaiie oauno?yao oaae, naiaiaeii i?aiaeieaaaao i?aiyonoaey, ano?a/athueany ia aai iooe, aaaaao.Iaeiaei aaoiiaoecaoeey oiaeueau e eii?aeeiaoeey aeaeaeaiee ?oe e iia ii?aaeaeythony niaoeeaeueiuie oneiaeyie, eioi?ua nicaeathony ac?ineuie. Iaaaeue, iiniaey ?annoaaeythony aaeieue noai oae,136/oiau na?aaeeia a?oiiiaie eiiiaou auea naiaiaeiie, i?e yoii eia?u, aei?iaeee aeieaeiu auoue oa?aiu. Ai ecaaaeaiee o?aai ?yae i?aaeiaoia e iano a?oiiiaiai iiiauaiey (aaoa?ae, oeaou n iinoaeie, ooaeaou e i?.) aeieaeiu auoue iaaeinooiiu aeaoyi.Ia?yaeo n iaania/aieai naiaiaeiiai i?ino?ainoaa iaiaoiaeeii eiaoue niaoeeaeueiia iai?oaeiaaiea aeey oi?ie?iaaiey o iaeuoae ?acee/iuo aeaeia aeaeaaoaeueiie aeoeaiinoe (ai?eo n eanaieie, ieiuaaeeie e neaoii, ia eioi?oth iie iiaee au aoiaeeoue e nioneaoueny n iaa, e ae?.). Ai?eo oeaeaniia?acii iinoaaeoue o ieia, /oiau aeaoe, acia?aaoenue ia ieiuaaeeo, iiaee iaaethaeaoue i?ienoiaeyuaa ca ieiii. E?iia oiai, a a?oiiao aeieaeiu auoue noieeee ni nooeue/eeaie ii eo ?inoo; aeeaai/eee, i?aaeiaou aeey ?acaeoey aeaeaeaiee (yueee, a?aaii aeey ia?aeacaiey, aeacaiey e o. i.).Aeey ?acaeoey eii?aeeiaoeee aeaeaeaiee iia e ?oe iaiaoiaeeii eiaoue iaai? ea?ooae, eioi?ua aeaoe iiaee au ia?aiineoue a ?oeao (e?oiiua iyaeea ea?ooa/iua aeeaioiua, eoeeu, iy/e, ei?ceiee, aaae?a, iaoi/ee e ae?.), aiceoue ca oanueio (iaoeiu, eieynee e o. i.) aiceoue iiaeoaeeeaay aia?aae (eaoaeee, e?oiiua ea?ooee ia eieanao e i?.).Ainieoaoaeue, ?oeiaiaey naiinoiyoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoueth aeaoae, iaycai neaaeeoue /oiau ana iie auee aeoeaiu, aeayoaeueiu. Aaaeii iaania/eaaoue niaio aeaeaeaiee o aeaoae, i?aaeoi?aaeaeay aiciiaeiia ooiieaiea i?e iaeiiia?aciuo iaieioeyoeeyo. ?aaoeyoeey aeaeaaoaeueiie aeoeaiinoe, iiaoaeaeaiea e oiio, /oiau aeaoe ia oieueei oiaeeee, ii e auiieiyee ae?oaea aeaeaeaiey (i?enaaeeaaiea, aoiaeaeaiea ia ai?eo e o. ae.), — aaaeiia oneiaea eo oece/aneiai ?acaeoey. I?aaeoi?aaeaeay ooiieaiea ?acaaaaaoeony aeaoae, ioaeii onaaeeaaoue iaeioi?uo ec ieo ca noieu aeey niieieiuo ea?.Iaycaoaeueiui yaeyaony i?iaaaeaiea iiaeaeaeiuo ea?, eioi?ua eiatho aieueooth iaaeaaiae/aneoth oeaiiinoue. Yiioeee oaeeaeaiey, ?aaeinoe, eniuouaaaiua aeaoueie ai a?aiy iiaeaeaeiuo ea?, niaeaenoaotho eo/oaio onaiaieth aeaeaeaiee. Oae, a ea?ao a i?yoee aeaoe, iouneeaay ni?yoaiiua ea?ooee, auiieiytho naiua ?aciiia?aciua aeaeaeaiey: anoatho ia iini/ee, /oiau caaeyiooue ia iiei/eo, iiaeaaoaiioth e noaia, iaaeaathony e niio?yo iiae iaaaeue e o. ae. I?e i?aaiecaoeee iiaeaeaeiuo ea? ia neaaeoao iaycuaaoue aeaoae oiaeeoue ia?aie eee no?iai. O?iaaiue ?acaeoey i?iecaieueiuo aeaeaeaiee o ieo aua iecie, e iie ia iiaoo aeaeaaoueny i?aaieciaaiii, iai?eia?, acyaoenue ca ?oee, eaeoe a iaeiii iai?aaeaiee.Cia/eoaeueioth oeaiiinoue aeey i&uaai ?acaeoey aeaoae eiatho iiaeaeaeiua ea?u n iocueaeueiui nii?iaiaeaeaieai: i?eoiiuaaiey, i?enaaeaiey e o. i. a oaeo iocuea niaeaenoaotho ainieoaieth /oanoaa ?eoia, aa?iiiee aeaeaeaiee.Aaaeioth ?ieue a oi?ie?iaaiee aeaeaaoaeueiie aeoeaiinoe ?aaaiea aoi?iai aiaea aeecie ea?atho caiyoey aeiianoeeie. Iie i?iaiaeyony n i?eiaiaieai niaoeeaeueiiai iai?oaeiaaiey (eanaiie-no?aiyiie aeey aeacaiey, neaiaae aeey oiaeueau e i?.). Yoi iai?oaeiaaiea i?eiaiyaony oieueei ia caiyoeyo e ia i?aaeinoaaeyaony aeaoyi aeey naiinoiyoaeueiiai eniieueciaaiey.137Aeiianoe/aneea oi?aaeiaiey oeaiiu oai, /oi a i?ioeanna eo auiieiaiey ?aaaiie inaaeaaao oaeea aeaeu aeaeaeaiee e eo ioaeaeueiua yeaiaiou, eioi?uie ii ia iiaeao iaeaaeaoue naiinoiyoaeueii (oiaeueaa ii iaeeiiiie aeinea, ia?aoaaeaaiea /a?ac aa?aaeo, eaaeauoth ia iieo eee i?eiiaeiyooth ia aunioo 5—15 ni, e o. i.).Aieueoia cia/aiea aeey oi?ie?iaaiey /aoeeo aeaeaeaiee e eii?aeeie?iaaiiie oiaeueau eiaao iaoiaee/anee aa?iay i?aaiecaoeey i?iaoeee. A oieiaeiia inaiia-ceiiaa a?aiy e ?aiiae aaniie i?iaoeea iacia/aaony oieueei aeaoyi, iao/eaoeiny onoie/eai aea?aeaoueny ia iiaao e oiaeeoue. Ia oiathuei aea oi?ioi oiaeeoue a oaieie aa?oiae iaeaaeaea (aaeaiee, ?aeoocu, ooaa, oaiea, oa?o), aeeaouei ia ?aaeeia n aeaoiy aeiaaiuie niaie ?aeiiaiaeoaony caiaiyoue i?iaoeeo niii ia naaaeai aicaeooa (ia aa?aiaea eee a i?iaoei/iie eiiiaoa).A oaieia a?aiy aiaea, eiaaea aeaoe iiaoo auoue aia iiiauaiey a eaaeie iaeaaeaea, aiciiaeii i?aaieciaaoue i?iaoeeo e aeey oao, eoi oieueei aua ia/eiaao oiaeeoue. Ia?aaeaeaeaiea ii ia?iaiinoyi caiee, i?aiaeieaiea i?aiyonoaee (aoai?eia, yiie, aonoie o?aau e o. i.) niaeaenoaotho ?acaeoeth eii?aeeiaoeee aeaeaeaiee, oe?aieytho o aeaoae /oanoai oaa?aiiinoe i?e oiaeueaa. A oaieia a?aiy ia o/anoea aiciiaeia^i?aaiecaoeey ni anaie aeaoueie iiaeaeaeiuo ea? e aeiianoe/aneeo oi?aaeiaiee.O/eouaay aieueooth iio?aaiinoue a aeaeaeaieyo o aeaoae aoi?iai aiaea aeecie e i?aaiecoy aeey yoiai niaoeeaeueioth ianoaiiaeo, neaaeoao iiiieoue, /oi aeaeaaoaeueiay aeoeaiinoue ia aeieaeia iaoaoue oi?ie?iaaieth nin?aaeioi/aiiinoe, oiaiey niieieii caieiaoueny ea?ooeaie. Aaaeii neaaeeoue ca i?aaeeueiui /a?aaeiaaieai aeaeaeaiee e niieieiuo caiyoee. Iaaei oaeiaeaoai?youe iio?aaiinoue aeaoae a aeaeaeaieyo, ii oae, /oiau yoi ia oei a oua?a ae?oaei aeaeai eo aeayoaeueiinoe.Ia aoi?ii aiaeo aeecie ?aaaiie i?e iiiiue Aeaenoaey ac?ineuo inaaeaaao niiniau eniieueciaaiey ^ n i?aaeiaoaie ?^aeae aauae, i?aaeiaoia. Iiieii i?aaeiaoiuoaeaenoaee, naycaiiuo n auoiaie aeayoaeueiinoueth, aieueoia ianoi a yoio ia?eiae ioaiaeeony iao/aieth aeaoae ia?auaieth n aeeaeaeoe/aneeie ea?ooeaie (ie?aieaeeaie, eoaeeaie, aeeaaeuoaie), a oaeaea i?oaeeeiui aeaenoaeyi — oiaieyi iieueciaaoueny ianeiaeiuie i?aaeiaoaie-i?oaeeyie: iaeeie, /oiau i?eaeeceoue e naaa ioaeaeaiiue i?aaeiao, na/eii aeey aueaaeeaaiey ieaaathueo ea?ooae, niaeii e eiiaoeie a ea?a n ianeii e niaaii.A i?ioeanna iaeaaeaiey aeaenoaeyie n i?aaeiaoaie i?ienoiaeeo naini?iia ?acaeoea aeaoae, niaa?oainoaoaony aini?eyoea i?aaeiaoia e eo naienoa (oi?iu, aaee/eiu, oeaaoa, iieiaeaiey a i?ino?ainoaa). Nia/aea ii ia?acoeo, a iioii e ii neiao ?aaaiie iiaeao ec aeaoo-o?ao oeaaoiuo oa?eeia aua?aoue iaeei o?aaoaiiai oeaaoa eee ec aeaoo-o?ao iao?aoae ?aciie aaee/eiu (?acei eiio?anoiuo) aua?aoue naioth iaeaiueeoth. Aini?eyoea ie?oaeathuaai noaiiaeony aieaa oi/iui. Iai?eia?, iaeuo 1 aiaea 6—7 ian. iiaeao i?aaeeueii ioeaieaaoue ?annoiyiea, ii oaea ia oyiaony, eae ?aiueoa, e auniei138?aniieiaeaiiie ea?ooea, a i?ineo ainieoaoaey aeinoaoue aa. Ii i?aaeeiaeaieth ac?ineiai ii iiaeao ia iuoiue auiooue ciaeiiue i?aaeiao ec iaoi/ea.A ?aoaiee caaea/ naini?iiai ?acaeoey nouanoaaiioth ?ieue ea?aao iiaeai? ea?ooae e iiniaee ?aciuo ii oeaaoo, oi?ia, iaoa?eaeo. Neaaeoao iiaeae?aoue i?aaeiaou eiio?anoiua ii iaeiiio ec i?eciaeia, ii noiaeiua ii ae?oaei (iai?eia?, oa?eee, eoaeee iaeiiai oeaaoa, ii ?aciua ii ?acia?o). ?aciiia?acea i?aaeiaoia e eo naienoa i?eaeaeaao aieiaiea aeaoae, a iiae/a?eiooia ?acee/ea e noiaenoai i?eciaeia oaeoaeyao, ooi/iyao aini?eyoea.Ai a?aiy aiae?noaiaaiey aeaoae aeeaeaeoe/aneea ea?ooee ioaeii ?aniieaaaoue ia noieao oae, /oiau ia eaaeaeii ec ieo iiiauaeny iaeei aeae aeeaeaeoe/aneie ea?u. Aaaeii neaaeeoue, /oiau ca noieaie ea?aee iaaieueoea a?oiiu — ii 2—3 ?aaaiea, i?e yoii eaaeaeiio ec ieo neaaeoao aeaaaoue aiaeiae/iue eiiieaeo aeeaeaeoe/aneeo ea?ooae. Iaoiaiea aeaoae yoiai aic?anoa ea?aoue aianoa e iiauoaiiue eioa?an e iiaecia iiaeao i?eaanoe e eiioeeeoai, anee ea?iaay neooaoeey ia aoaeao i?iaeoiaia ainieoaoaeai.I?aaiecoy i?aaeiaoioth aeayoaeueiinoue aeaoae, iaaei neaaeeoue ca oai, /oiau eaaeaeue aeae aeeaeaeoe/aneiai iiniaey eniieueciaaeny ?aaaieii ii iacia/aieth; a neo/aa ionoonoaey o iaai oiaiey aeaenoaiaaoue n ea?ooeie ainieoaoaeue iao/aao aai, iieuecoynue iaoiaeii ianneaiuo aeaeaeaiee. Ai ecaaaeaiea ooiieaiey aeaoae, aeeeoaeueii caieiathueony n iaeiie e oie aea ea?ooeie e auiieiythueo i?e yoii iaeie e oa aea cao/aiiua aeaenoaey, neaaeoao ia?aeeth/eoue eo ia aeayoaeueiinoue n ae?oaeie ea?ooeaie.Iao/aiea iiaui aeaenoaeyi, eo oneiaeiaiea, ia?aeeth/aiea ia ae?oaea aeaeu aeayoaeueiinoe — iniiaiua iiiaiou i?aaiecaoeee ainieoaoaeai i?aaeiaoiie aeayoaeueiinoe aeaoae'.Aoi?ie aiae aeecie — ioaaonoaaiiue ia?eiae ?a/aaiai ?acaeoey. Ia aaca ?a/aauo oiaiee o aiaeiaaeiai ?aaaiea a oiaea iao/aiey e ainieoaiey ?acaeaathony iiieiaiea ?a/e ac?ineuo e aeoeaiay ?a/ue. Oaii ?acaeoey yoeo noi?ii ?a/aaie aeayoaeueiinoe ?acee/ai. A ia?aii iieoaiaeee iaeaieaa eioaineaii ?acaeaaaony iiieiaiea ?a/e, ai aoi?ii (oi/iaa, a iineaaeiae /aoaa?oe aiaea) — aeoeaiay ?a/ue.?a/ueIiieiaiea ?a/e ie?oaeathueo ?acaeaaaony aeiaieueii eaaei. Aeinoaoi/ii ianeieueei ?ac iaicia/eoue neiaii i?aaeiao eee aeaenoaea, eae ?aaaiie caiiieiaao eo iacaaiey. Yoi naycaii n aai iiauoaiiie aeaeaaoaeueiie aeoeaiinoueth: ii oi?ioi ia?aaeaeaaaony ii eiiiaoa e ia o/anoea, noaeeeaaaony n aieueoei eiee/anoaii i?aaeiaoia, aauae, ia?aae?aao, ?anniao?eaaao eo. ?aaioa ainieoaoaey ii ?acaeoeth ?a/e e i?eaioe?iaee ?aaaiea a ie?oaeathuai aeieaeia i?ioiaeeoue iaeiia?aiaiii. Aeey yoiai iaiaoiaeeii eniieueciaaoue aeaenoaey ac?ineuo, ?acee/iua i?aaeiaou ianoaiiaee,' Iaoiaeeea iao/aiey aeaenoaeyi n i?aaeiaoaie aoaeao ?ane?uoa a ?acaeaea “Caiyoey”.139i?ioeannu ei?ieaiey, ooaeaoa e o. i. A iauaiee n ?aaaieii neaaeoao iacuaaoue ana oi, /oi aai ie?oaeaao, eioa?anoao e aeinooiii iiieiaieth. I?e ei?ieaiee ioaeii aiai?eoue i aaea, i?e iaeaaaiee iacuaaoue /anoe oaea, iaeaaeaeu. Aaaeii, /oiau ana, i /ai aiai?yo n ?aaaieii, iiaee?aieyeinue aai iuouaieyie, aini?eyoeai, aeaenoaeyie.Aeaoae ia aoi?ii aiaeo aeecie iaaei o/eoue iouneeaaoue ioaeiua ei i?aaeiaou. Aeey yoiai ia caiyoeyo eo o/ao auae?aoue iacaaiiue i?aaeiao ec ianeieueeeo: “ss ni?y/o, a ou iieue”. Oneiaeiaiea caaeaiey caeeth/aaony a oaaee/aiee /enea i?aaeiaoia, n?aaee eioi?uo ?aaaieo ioaeii iouneaoue o?aaoaiue; a ?acee/aiee, ociaaaiee a /ai-oi noiaeiuo i?aaeiaoia: ii cao/aieth iacaaiey (oa?, oa?o), ii aiaoiaio aeaeo (ooea, eo?eoea); a iiaeai?a, a?oiie?iaea i?aaeiaoia iaeiiai iacaaiey, ii eiathueo ?aciua aiaoiea i?eciaee (aieueoay, iaeaiueeay, caeaiay, e?aniay iaoeiu) . Yoe caaeaiey a caaeneiinoe io neiaeiinoe aeathony aeaoyi ia i?ioyaeaiee anaai aoi?iai aiaea.Iinea 1aiaea 6 ian. iaeuoe iaeaaeaaatho oiaieai iiieiaoue nthaeao eee ianeieueei acaeiinaycaiiuo aeaenoaee. *oiau iao/eoue yoiio, eniieuecotho iieacu-einoeaie?iaee'. N aeaoueie iaaei ?acaiaa?eaaoue ia oieueei i oii, /oi iie aeaeyo a aeaiiue iiiaio, ii e i oi?ioi ciaeiiii ii i?ioeiio iiuoo, iai?eia?, i oii, /oi aeaeaee ia i?iaoeea. Oiio?aaeyoue neiaa iaiaoiaeeii a ?aciuo naycyo e ni/aoaieyo (“Eioea nieo e aeaai/ea nieo. Eioea nieo ia eia?eea, a aeaai/ea a e?iaaoea”). Yoi iaiaauaao niuneiaia niaea?aeaiea neia, iiiiaaao n?aaieaaoue e iaiauaoue.A yoii aic?anoa aaaeii oaeaea iao/eoue ?aaaiea auiieiyoue ii?o/aiey ac?ineiai, ?a/ue eioi?iai aeieaeia iinoaiaiii noaoue ?aaoeyoi?ii iiaaaeaiey aeaoae.Ia aoi?ii aiaeo aeecie o aeaoae ia/eiaao oi?ie?iaaoueny niiniaiinoue iaiauaiey. Yoi iuneaiiia auaeaeaiea iauaai a i?aaeiaoao e yaeaieyo aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe e iniiaaiiia ia yoii eo iuneaiiia iauaaeeiaiea. Nia/aea aeaoe iaiauatho i?aaeiaou ii aiaoiei aieaa y?eei i?eciaeai: eenie iacuaatho eioeo, ethaoth iyaeoth ea?ooeo e ana iooenoia (ooaeo, oaieo). Iinoaiaiii a i?ioeanna aeayoaeueiinoe e iiae aeeyieai iauyniaiee ac?ineuo niiniaiinoue e iaiauaieth ?acaeaaaony: a eiioea aoi?iai aiaea aeecie aeaoe iauaaeeiytho i?aaeiaou oaea ia oieueei ii aiaoiei i?eciaeai, ii e ii eo iacia/aieth, aeaaea anee yoe i?aaeiaou ecia?aaeaiu ia ea?oeiea. Iacaaiey iiiaeo aeaenoaee oiaea noaiiayony iaiauaiiuie. Niiniaiinoue iaiauaoue i?aaeiaou e aeaenoaey ii nouanoaaiiui i?eciaeai yaeyaony iieacaoaeai ?acaeoey iuoeaiey o aeaoae.?acaeoeth ooieoeee iaiauaiey niinianoaoao iaee/ea a a?oiia iaeii?iaeiuo ea?ooae, ?acee/athueony ii oeaaoo, aaee/eia,' Ni.: Aeeaeaeoe/aneea ea?u e caiyoey n aeaoueie ?aiiaai aic?anoa/Iiae ?aae. N. E. Iiainaeiaie, 4-a ecae. I., 1985, n. 71.140iaoa?eaeo: eoeeu iaoa?/aoua, oeaeeoeieaeiua, ?aceiiaua, aieueoea, iaeaiueeea; iaoeiu ?aciua ii aaee/eia, ie?anea, aiaoiaio aeaeo e o. i.A ?acaiai?a n ?aaaieii ac?ineua aeieaeiu iiae/a?eeaaoue oa?aeoa?iua i?eciaee i?aaeiaoia e aeaenoaee n ieie: ioe/ea eaoeo, iy/ eaoeony, niaa/ea eaao e i?. Niiniaiinoue iaiauaiey oi?ie?oaony, anee ?aaaiie, neuoa iacaaiea i?aaeiaoa eee aeaenoaey, aini?eieiaao eo iaeiia?aiaiii ?aciuie aiaeecaoi?aie: aeaeeo, neuoeo, inycaao, i?iaeaeuaaao nai ?aciiia?aciua aeaenoaey.A ia/aea aoi?iai aiaea aeecie aeaoe aua iiiaiAeoeaiay ?a/ueeaia/oo. Eaiao eo ?aciiia?acai, yiioeeiiaeueiiau?aceoaeai e nii?iaiaeaeaao ii/oe ana aeaenoaey. Iiae?aaeaiea caoeai e caoeini/aoaieyi a yoii aic?anoa niaa?oainoaoaony, /oi niinianoaoao iinoaiaiiiio oaaee/aieth neiaa?y. Ii i?eiyoui a iaoae no?aia iieacaoaeyi ?acaeoey aeaoae, e iieooi?a aiaeai aeoeaiue neiaa?ue ninoaaeyao 30, a e aeaoi — 200—300 neia. Ia ?acaeoee aeoeaiiai neiaa?y io?aaeathony eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua iniaaiiinoe e oneiaey ainieoaiey.E aeaoi aiaeai iaeaa/aiiua neiaa caiaiythony iau/iuie. A ?a/e aeaoae iiyaeythony neiaa, iaicia/athuea ia oieueei i?aaeiaou e aeaenoaey, ii e aeinooiiua eo iiieiaieth ea/anoaa e ioiioaiey iaaeaeo i?aaeiaoaie (iai?eia?, ia?a/ey). Ee/iuie ianoieiaieyie e eiioeo aoi?iai aiaea aeecie ?aaaiie iieuecoaony aac iniaiai o?oaea.Ia?aua aeaoneea i?aaeeiaeaiey ninoiyo iau/ii ec iaeiiai neiaa. Aeeth/aiiia a i?aaeiaoioth neooaoeeth, iii caiaiyao i?aaeeiaeaiea. Aicaean “iaia!” a iaeiii neo/aa icia/aao “aicueie iaiy ia ?oee”, a ae?oaii — “aeae iy/”. Neiaii “aao” iaeuo nii?iaiaeaeaao iaaeaiea ea?ooee e, ia?auaynue e ac?ineiio, aeaeoaony, eiaaea iaaeaao nai. A eiioea aoi?iai aiaea a i?aaeeiaeaieyo iiaeao auoue aei 3—4 neia. Aeaoe ia/eiatho eciaiyoue neiaa a /enea, ?iaea e iaeioi?uo iaaeaaeao, oioy aeaeatho aua iiiai ioeaie.Aeey ?acaeoey aeoeaiie ?a/e iaiaoiaeeii niaa?oainoaiaaoue o ?aaaiea niiniaiinoue iiae?aaeaoue neuoeiui caoeai, neiaai. Iaaei ainieouaaoue o iaai oiaiea neooaoue e aini?iecaiaeeoue neuoeiia. Aeey yoiai neaaeoao, eae e ia ia?aii aiaeo, iiaeaea?aeeaaoue eaiao ?aaaiea, ono?aeaay n iei ia?aeee/eo caoeaie, aucuaaoue aai ia iiae?aaeaiea eaaeei caoeini/aoaieyi (“oii-oii”) e ia iiaeaiaa?eaaiea (“oo-oo, iieaoaee”, “aone-aone—aa-aa-aa”), o/eoue aai ii i?inueaa ac?ineiai ioaa/aoue: “Eae oeeatho /anu? Oee-oae. Neaaee: “Oee-oae”. *oiau aucaaoue o ?aaaiea iiae?aaeaiea neiaai, iiaeii aeaaaoue aio ia?acoeu iaeaa/aiiuo neia, ii i?ieciineoue eo a nii?iaiaeaeaiee i?aaeeueiuo, iai?eia?: “Nie, eyey, aae-aae”. Eiaaea ?aaaiie niiaeao iiae?aaeaoue, (i?eia?ii n 1 aiaea 3—4 ian.), iaaei ia?aeoe e iau/iie i?aaeeueiie ?a/e. E ?aaaieo iinea iieooi?a eao ioaeii ia?auaoueny n ii?o/aieyie, aeaaay ia?acaoe aeey iiae?aaeaiey: “Iieaee iiciae Aaeth, neaaee: “Aaey, eaee aoeyoue”.141Aeoeaiay ?a/ue ?aaaiea aoaeao ?acaeaaoueny i?e oneiaee, anee o iaai anoue iio?aaiinoue a iauaiee ni ac?ineuie. Iia aicieeaao, eiaaea ac?ineue, /anoi e ii ?aciui iiaiaeai ia?auaynue e ?aaaieo, ?acaiaa?eaaao n iei. A yoii neo/aa o iaeuoa onoaiaaeeaaaony yiioeeiiaeueiue eiioaeo ni ac?ineuie. Iiiiaatho yoiio eiioaeoo aanaeua ea?u, /oaiea iioaoae (“Iiaoaee-iiaoaee”, “Ni?iea-aaeiaiea”). Ii naiaeeoue ana eeoue e yiioeeiiaeueiiio iauaieth iaeuecy. Oeaiiaa iauaiea, iniiaaiiia ia aeayoaeueiinoe: ai a?aiy ea?u, iaieioee?iaaiey n i?aaeiaoaie eee iaaethaeaiey ca ie?oaeathuei.Aaaeii iiaeaea?aeeaaoue eaaeaeia ?a/aaia ia?auaiea ?aaaiea e ac?ineiio, iaaei iinoa?aoueny iiiyoue e oaeiaeaoai?eoue aai i?inueao. E iaiai?io, ia ioaa/aoue ia ia?auaiea aeanoii, ieieeie, A yoii neo/aa ioaeii ni?ineoue: “*oi ou oi/aoue? Iaoeio? Neaaee: “Iaoeia”. Iaaei noaaeoue ?aaaiea a iieiaeaiea, auioaeaeathuaa /oi-oi neacaoue.A oneiaeyo aeaoneiai o/?aaeaeaiey iaeuecy iaania/eoue ?aciinoi?iiiaa ?acaeoea anao aeaoae a?oiiu, iieuecoynue oieueei eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui iauaieai a i?ioeanna eo naiinoiyoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe. A yoii neo/aa iiaeao ieacaoueny, /oi aeaoe aieaa aeoeaiua, /anoi ii naiae eieoeeaoeaa ia?auathueany e ac?ineiio, aoaeoo ociaaaoue aieueoa, a iaiaa aeoeaiua e /anoi ioaeaeathueany ai aieiaiee ieaaeoony'a noi?iia. Iiyoiio aeey ananoi?iiiaai ?acaeoey aeaoae neaaeoao i?iaiaeeoue i?aaieciaaiiua caiyoey, eioi?ua yaeythony yeiiiiiie (iauaaeeiaii ianeieueei aeaoae) e yooaeoeaiie oi?iie iao/aiey.Ai aoi?ie a?oiia ?aiiaai aic?anoa (io 1 aiaea aei 2 eao) caiyoey ieaie?othony ?acaeaeueii aeey aeaoo aic?anoiuo iiaea?oii. A ia?aii iieoaiaeee i?iaiaeeony eaaeaeue aeaiue ii iaeiiio caiyoeth e a iniiaiii eiaeeaeaeoaeueii eee n iaaieueoei /eneii aeaoae (5— 6 /aeiaae); ai aoi?ii — caiyoey ieaie?othony ii iiaea?oiiai n o/aoii iyoeaeiaaiie iaaeaee ii aeaa a aeaiue.*enei aeaoae, o/anoaothueo a caiyoee, caaeneo io ?yaea oneiaee. Any aic?anoiay iiaea?oiia aeaoae (6—12 /aeiaae) iiaeao o/anoaiaaoue a caiyoee i?e iai?eioaeaeaiiie oi?ia aai i?aaiecaoeee (yeneo?ney ii a?oiia); a neo/aa, eiaaea aeaenoaey aeaoae iniiaaiu ia iiae?aaeaiee (iocueaeueiua), a oaeaea anee aaaeouay aeayoaeueiinoue — c?eoaeueiia aini?eyoea (einoeaie?iaee n ea?ooeaie, i?aaieciaaiiia iaaethaeaiea ca ie?oaeathuei). Iao/aiea aeaoae i?aaeiaoiie aeayoaeueiinoe, ?a/aaua caiyoey (?anniao?eaaiea ea?oeiie), caiyoey n oeceoeueoo?iuie iiniaeyie, aaea anoue iiiaio iaeeaeaiey, i?iaiaeyony n iieiaeiie eaaeaeie aic?anoiie iiaea?oiiu (3—6 aeaoae).Aeeeoaeueiinoue caiyoee oaeaea caaeneo io eo niaea?aeaiey. Caiyoey ni niaiie aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe iiaoo i?iaeieaeaoueny aei 10— 15 iei; o?aaothuea aea nin?aaeioi/aiiiai aieiaiey—io 5 aei 8 iei.O?iaaiue ?acaeoey aeaoae, iauaaeeiaiiuo a iaeio iiaea?oiio,142aeieaeai auoue i?eia?ii iaeeiaeiaui. Aiiaue iinooieaoeo iaeuoae e caiyoeyi i?eaeaeatho iinoaiaiii. E?iia niaoeeoe/aneeo caaea/, ai anao aeaeao caiyoee noaaeony oeaeue — iao/eoue aeaoae caieiaoueny: neooaoue, ioaa/aoue, nio?aiyoue ?aai/oth iico.Ia caiyoeyo n aeeaeaeoe/aneeie ea?ooeaie ?a-n aeeaea^^eeie oathony caaea/e iioi?iiai e naini?iiai oa?ae-ea?ooeaie oa?a. A ?aaioa n aeaoueie aei 1 aiaea 3 ian. e no?ieoaeueiui i?aaeaea anaai noaayony caaea/e iioi?iiai oa-iaoa?eaeii ?aeoa?a: iao/eoue aeaoae eaoaoue oa?eee, iaiecuaaoue eieueoea ia noa?aeaiue, eeanoue ae?oa ia ae?oaa e a ?yae ee?ie/eee, ia?aeeaaeuaaoue i?aaeiaou (a ieni/ee, aaae?a), ioe?uaaoue e cae?uaaoue ei?iaee, iao?aoee e o. ae. (Nai?iua ea?ooee aeieaeiu eaaei ioe?uaaoueny, ?acae?aoueny; ?acia? eo aeieaeai auoue oaeei, /oiau ?aaaiie iia eaaei ioaaoeoue eo eaaeioeie.)Aaeaeo neaai ?acaeoie eii?aeeiaoeee aeaeaeaiee, ieceiai o?iaiy naini?iie e iniaaiii iioi?iie ?a/e iao/aiea i?aaeiaoiui aeaenoaeyi aeieaeii auoue i?aeiouanoaaiii eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui. Oeaeaniia?acii iiaoi?youe iaeie e oa aea caiyoey n aeaoueie 5—8 ?ac. *anoioa iiaoi?a ii?aaeaeyaony niaea?aeaieai aeeaeaeoe/aneeo caaea/ e noaiaiueth onaiaiey i?ia?aiiiiai iaoa?eaea.Ii ia?a ?acaeoey aeaoae a caiyoey aeeth/athony caaea/e naini?iiai, eiino?oeoeaiiai, i?aaeiaoii-i?oaeeeiiai oa?aeoa?a, eioi?ua iinoaiaiii oneiaeiythony. Nia/aea iaeuoe o/aony iaiecuaaoue eieueoea aeaoo eiio?anoiuo ?acia?ia: naiua aieueoea e naiua iaeaiueeea. Caoai aeiaaaeythony eieueoea n?aaeiaai ?acia?a, e iaeiiaoe aeaoe niae?atho ie?aieaeeo ec 5—6 eieaoe niaaeiuo ?acia?ia. Iiaeiaiui ia?acii iie o/aony aeaenoaiaaoue n iao?aoeie.Nouanoaaiiia cia/aiea a i?iaaaeaiee caiyoee eiaao iauyniaiea ac?ineiai, iacuaaiea ei i?aaeiaoia, aeaenoaee, ea/anoa, ioiioaiee, iieac n eniieueciaaieai iaoiaeia ianneaiuo aeaeaeaiee.I?e i?aaeeueiii iao/aiee aeaenoaeyi n i?aaeiaoaie o ?aaaiea au?aaaouaathony iaauee iaiauaiiuo niiniaia iieueciaaiey eie. Ii ea?aao ie?aieaeaie ?aciie aaee/eiu, iy/aie ?aciiai oeaaoa, eniieuecoy eo naienoaa: iy/ eaoaao, eieaneee iaiecuaaao, eoaeee noaaeo ae?oa ia ae?oaa. Iaeuo o/eony iiae?aaeaoue aeaenoaeyi ac?ineuo e e eiioeo aoi?iai aiaea aeecie auiieiyao eo auno?i e eaaei. Yoi iiiiaaao aio onaieoue niiniau iieueciaaiey ?acee/iuie i?aaeiaoaie ia oieueei a ea?iaie, ii e a auoiaie aeayoaeueiinoe.Iinoaiaiiinoue a oneiaeiaiee caaea/ niaethaeaaony e i?e iciaeiieaiee aeaoae n oeaaoii. Aia/aea aeaaony iaeiioeaaoiue iaoa?eae, iicaea auai? ec aeaoo oeaaoia (iieiaeeoue e?aniua iaei/ee a e?aniue noaeai/ee, neiea—a neiee), iioii i?aaeiaou o?ao oeaaoia. A aeaa aiaea aeaoe aeieaeiu oiaoue aua?aoue i?aaeiao ioaeiiai oeaaoa ec /aou?ao ?aciuo oeaaoia: e?aniue, neiee, aeaeoue, caeaiue.Ia caiyoeyo ni no?ieoaeueiui iaoa?eaeii iaeuoe o/aony noaaeoue eoaeee, ee?ie/eee ae?oa ia ae?oaa (aaoiy), ?yaeii (aei?iaeea, iiacae, caai?). Aeaoae iao/atho ?aniieaaaoue eoaeee, ee?-143ie/eee a ?aciii i?ino?ainoaaiiii ioiioaiee ae?oa e ae?oao (eanoieoea, e?iaaoue, aeeaai). Iinoaiaiii aaiaeyony iino?ieee ec ?aciuo oi?i (noie e nooe aianoa). Ia caeeth/eoaeueiii yoaia aeaoae o/ao aeaeaoue ia?ae?uoey (neaiaeea, ai?ioa, aeii). A eiioea caiyoey iie eaaeaeue ?ac iieo/atho nthaeaoiua ea?ooee (iinoaeo, eoeie, iao?aoae, iaoeiu) aeey iaua?uaaiey iino?iae'.Yoio aeae caiyoee ieaie?oaony n o/aoii ?ac-Caiyoey iuo oaiiia ?acaeoey iiieiaiey e aeoeaiie ii ?acaeoeth ?a/e ?a/e o aeaoae a ia?aii e aoi?ii iieoaiaeeee i?eaioe?iaea aoi?iai aiaea aeecie. A ia?aii iieoaiaeee ni-a ie?oaeathuai • „ aaea?aeaiea caiyoee aeieaeii auoue iai?aaeaiiaieueoa ia ?acaeoea ianneaiiai neiaa?y, ai aoi?ii — ia oneiaeiaiea nianoaaiiie ?a/e aeaoae.N oeaeueth ?acaeoey iiieiaiey ?a/e oe?iei eniieuecoaony iieac i?aaeiaoia n iacuaaieai e iiiaioaie nth?i?eciinoe (aiacaiiia iiyaeaiea ea?ooae). Iiiaieaoiee iiuo i?aeoeeia iicaieee nicaeaoue ?aciiia?aciua aa?eaiou aeaiiino?aoeee ea?ooae, i?aaeiaoia: “Eoi a aeiieea aeeaao”, “Ea?onaeue”, “Eaoaiea ea?ooae n ai?ee” e o. i. Nia/aea aeaoae ciaeiiyo n iaeiei, iioii n ianeieueeeie i?aaeiaoaie, o/ao auae?aoue iacaaiiue i?aaeiao ec a?oiiu, e eiio?anoiui aeiaaaeytho iioiaeea, o/ao ?acee/aoue eo, iauaaeeiytho ianeiaeiui nthaeaoii. Eiaaea aeaoe iao/aony ?acee/aoue ?aaeueiua i?aaeiaou, ea?ooee, eo caiaiytho ecia?aaeaieyie ia ea?oeiea. Iieac io caiyoey e caiyoeth oneiaeiyaony ii oiio aea i?eioeeio, /oi e aeaiiino?aoeey ea?ooae.?a/ue aeaoae aeoeaece?oaony i?eaiaie ?a/aaiai iiae?aaeaiey (“Eae e?e/eo iaoooie, eaao niaa/ea?”). *anoi aeaoe, caoaa/aiiua c?aeeuai, ia neooatho ainieoaoaey, ioaeaeathony, ia ?aaae?otho ia aai i?inueao i?iecianoe oi eee eiia neiai: a yoii aic?anoa ei o?oaeii iaeiia?aiaiii neooaoue e aiai?eoue. Oi?ioee ?acoeueoao aeaao ?acaiai? ia ea?ooea aac aa iieaca. Iaaei noaaeoue ?aaaiea ia?.aae iaiaoiaeeiinoueth aiai?eoue. Iai?eia?, aeaoyi iieacaee e?aneaoth eoeeo, iie ?anniio?aee aa ia?yae, iiea?aee n iath, iinea /aai eoeeo i?y/oo. Aeaoyi oi/aony niiaa aa oaeaeaoue. Ainieoaoaeue i?aaeeaaaao: “Iiciaeoa eyeth, neaaeeoa: “Eaee, eaee, eyey”.Ai aoi?ii iieoaiaeee ia?yaeo n ?anoe?aieai caiana iiieiaaiuo neia neaaeoao aieueoia aieiaiea oaeaeyoue aeoeaecaoeee neiaa?y aeaoae. N yoie oeaeueth ei caaeatho aii?inu. Aia/aea iie ioaa/atho iaeiineiaeii. Ainieoaoaeth neaaeoao oi?ioee?iaaoue aii?inu oae, /oiau aeaoe, ioaa/ay ia ieo, iieueciaaeenue ciaeiiui neiaii a ?aciuo neooaoeeyo: “Eoi neaeeo? *uey e?iaaoue? Eoi nieo? Aaea ieaouey?” e o. ae. A ae?oaeo neo/ayo, iaiai?io, ?aaaieo caaeatho iaeei e oio aea aii?in ii iiaiaeo ?aciuo i?aaeiaoia, aeaenoaothueo' Ni.: Aeeaeaeoe/aneea ea?u e caiyoey n aeaoueie ?aiiaai aic?anoa / Iiae ?aae N. E. Iiainaeiaie. 4-a ecae. I., 1985; Ainieoaiea aeaoae ?aiiaai aic?anoa/ Iiae ?aae. A. I. Eyieiie. 3-a ecae., ia?a?aa. e aeii. I., 1981.144“O,? .eeoe: “Eoi nieo?” (eyey, niaa/ea, eioea). Oaeea aii?inu iiaeaiaeyo aeaoae e iaiauaieyi iauaeoia e eo aeaenoaee. Yoiio niinianoaoao iiaeai? niioaaonoaothueo ea?oeiie.Iinea iieooi?a eao, eniieuecoy eaene/aneea ia?acoeu e aii?inu, iaaei noeioee?iaaoue ?acaeoea o aeaoae o?aciaie ?a/e.Caiyoey ii ?acaeoeth ?a/e ieaie?othony ia iaaeaeth. A oa/aiea ianyoea eaaeaeia caiyoea n oneiaeiaieyie iiaoi?yaony 4—6 ?ac. Anyeia iiaiaaaaeaiea neaaeoao iiaoi?youe /aua oi?ioi inaiaiiiai. Caaea/e ii ?acaeoeth ?a/e aeaoae a yoii aic?anoa ?aoathony ia oieueei ia niaoeeaeueiuo ?a/aauo caiyoeyo, ii e ia ae?oaeo*. Naiinoiyoaeueiay aeayoaeueiinoue aeaoae aoi?iaiI?aaiecaoeey ea? ?aeaea aeecie noaiiaeony aieaa ?aciiia?aciie:e ae?oaeo aeaeia i naiinoiyoaeueiie yoi Aeaenoaey n i?aaeiaoaie e no?ieoaeueiui ia-aeayoaeueiinoe aeaoae oa?eaeii, aeaeaeaiey, iaaethaeaiey, ea?u n nthaeaoiuie ea?ooeaie. I?aaiecoy aa, ainieoaoaeue caaioeony i niioaaonoaothueo ea?ooeao e iiniaeyo, eioi?ua aeieaeiu oaeiaeaoai?eoue eioa?an aeaoae e ?aciui aeaeai aeayoaeueiinoe.?acaeoeth aeaenoaee n i?aaeiaoaie niinianoaotho aeeaeaeoe/aneea ea?ooee (ie?aieaeee, ai/iiee, aeeaaeuoe, oa?ia?inu, oi?ii/ee aeey ianea, n?aaeiee no?ieoaeueiue iaoa?eae), ?acaeoeth aeaeaeaiee — iy/e ?aciuo ?acia?ia, iaoeiu, oaeaaeee, eaoaeee, ec iiniaee — eanaiea-ai?ea, aeinee ?aciie oe?eiu e aeeeiu, a?aaii e o. i.Aeey nthaeaoiie ea?u iaiaoiaeeiu eoeeu e ae?oaea ia?aciua ea?ooee n?aaeiaai ?acia?a, iaai?u e?oiiie iinoaeu, iaeioi?ua i?aaeiaou eoeieueiie iaaaee (noie, nooe, e?iaaoue). Iaaaeue aeieaeia auoue e?oiiie e i?i/iie, oae eae aeaoe /anoi onaaeeaathony ia iaa naie. Ioaeii eiaoue i?aaeiaou aeey ?yaeaiey (einuiee, ia?aaeieee), eineooee aeey caaa?ouaaiey eoeie.Ea?ooee ?aciauathony ii aeaeai aeayoaeueiinoe a ?aciuo /anoyo eiiiaou. Ii?aaeaeaiiia ianoi o?aiaiey ea?ooae i?eo/aao aeaoae e ii?yaeeo, ainieouaaao i?aaieciaaiiinoue e naiinoiyoaeueiinoue. Iaeuoe naie iiaoo iaeoe iaiaoiaeeiue aeey i?iaeieaeaiey ea?u i?aaeiao. Oi?ioi ?aniieaaaoue ea?ooee eiiieaeoaie: ?yaeii n eoeeie iieiaeeoue iaeayei, ?annoaaeoue ia noieeea iinoaeo;a oaeaaeeo iieiaeeoue ee?ie/eee, iinaaeeoue eoeeo eee ae?oaoth ia?acioth ea?ooeo. Yoi iiiiaeao ?aaaieo eniieueciaaoue a ea?a ia iaeei, a ianeieueei i?aaeiaoia, /oi oneiaeieo ea?o.I?aaiecoy aeayoaeueiinoue aeaoae, iaaei neaaeeoue ca oai, /oiau iie eniieueciaaee ea?ooee ii iacia/aieth, ia ioaeaeaeenue, aeiaiaeeee aei eiioea ia/aooth ea?o. Ainieoaoaeue i?eieiaao o/anoea a aeaoneeo ea?ao, nicaeaao oneiaey aeey aeoeaiiai o/anoey a ieo anao' Iiae?iaiaa i niaea?aeaiee caiyoee ii ?acaeoeth ?a/e ni. a ei.: Aeeaeaeoe/aneea ea?u e caiyoey n aeaoueie ?aiiaai aic?anoa / Iiae ?aae. N. E. Iiainaeiaie. 4-a ecae. I., 1985; Ainieoaiea aeaoae ?aiiaai aic?anoa / Iiae ?aae. A. I. Eyieiie. 3-a ecae. I., 1981.145aeaoae. Ai a?aiy naiinoiyoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe iaeuoe aeieaeiu auoue niieieiu, caiyou, aeoeaiu.Ia i?ioyaeaiee aoi?iai aiaea aeecie ea?iaua aeaenoaey aeaoae caiaoii oneiaeiythony. A ia/aea aiaea iie aini?iecaiaeyo eeoue ?aco/aiiua aeaenoaey, i?e/ai i?aeiouanoaaiii ia oao ea?ooeao, n eioi?uie aeaenoaiaae ainieoaoaeue. Iinoaiaiii ?aaaiie o/eony < ia?aiino aeaenoaee n iaeieo ea?ooae ia ae?oaea. Iinea iieooi?a eao aeaaiaea?y oiaieth iiae?aaeaoue aeaoe ia/eiatho aeeth/aoue a ea?o aeaenoaey, naiinoiyoaeueii iiaeia/aiiua a aeecie. Oae o ?aaaiea aicieeaao ioia?aceoaeueiay aeayoaeueiinoue, ii nthaeaoiie ea?u aua iiaeao ia auoue, iineieueeo aeaoe /anoi ia caaioyony i i?aaeeueiie iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe aeaenoaee, eo i?eaeaeaao nai i?ioeann ea?u. Aicieeiiaaieth nthaeaoiie ea?u, onoaiiaeaieth acaeiinayce e acaeiiiineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe aeaenoaee iiiiaatho iieacu-einoeaie?iaee n nthaeaoiuie ea?ooeaie. A caeeth/eoaeueiie /anoe einoeaie?iaee neaaeoao aeaaaoue aeaoyi i?aaeiaou, aiaeiae/iua oai, n eioi?uie aeaenoaiaae ainieoaoaeue ai a?aiy iieaca. Iieacu-einoeaie?iaee niinianoaotho ooi/iaieth i?aaenoaaeaiee o iaeuoae e oneiaeiaieth nthaeaoiie ea?u.A eiioea aoi?iai aiaea aeecie a aeaenoaeyo aeaoae iiaeii iiaeiaoeoue yeaiaiou nthaeaoiie ea?u. Iie auiieiytho ea?iaua aeaenoaey a eiae/aneie iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe; iauaynue ae?oa n ae?oaii, aini?iecaiaeyo aeaenoaey, eioi?ua iau/ii i?iaeaeuaaao n ieie ac?ineue: ei?iyo, ea/ao, i?e/anuaatho. A ea?a ia/eiatho eniieueciaaoue ia oieueei ea?ooee, ii e caiaieoaee ?aaeueiuo i?aaeiaoia (eoaee aianoi iuea).?oeiaiaey naiinoiyoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoueth aeaoae, iaaei noa?aoueny oi?ie?iaaoue o ieo iio?aaiinoue ii ?aciui iiaiaeai ia?auaoueny e ainieoaoaeth: iii?ineoue iiii/ue a ea?a, aeaoue ioaeioth ea?ooeo, i?eaea/ue aieiaiea e /aio-oi eioa?aniiio. E?iia oiai, neaaeoao i?eo/aoue aeaoae auiieiyoue o?aaiaaiey ac?ineuo, i?aaeea iiaaaeaiey: ia ioieiaoue ea?ooeo o ae?oaiai ?aaaiea, oiaoue iiaeiaeaeaoue, iiea ae?oaie iiea?aao.I?e ii?iaeueiii ia?aii-ineoe/aneii ?acaeoee e onoaiiaeaoaeny oi?ia iauaiey ni ac?ineuie o aeaoae ia/eiaao oi?ie?iaaoueny iio?aaiinoue a iauaiee ae?oa n ae?oaii.A ia/aea aoi?iai aiaea aeecie o iaeuoae, ia iaeaaeaaoeo aeoeaiie ?a/ueth, i?iaeieaeaao aeiieie?iaaoue yiioeeiiaeueiia iauaiea, eioi?ia au?aaeaaony a ?aaeinoe io i?enoonoaey ae?oaeo aeaoae. Iie iiaeoiaeyo ae?oa e ae?oao, aeio?aaeaathony aei iaeaaeaeu, caaeyaeuaatho a eeoei, niao e iea/ iaeiiai auno?i ca?aaeaao ae?oaeo.Yeaiaiou iaueoaeueiinoe i?iyaeythony i?aaeaea anaai a i?aeoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe aeaoae. Iie ethayo iaaethaeaoue ca aeaeaeaieyie naa?noieeia e iuoathony iiae?aaeaoue ae?oa ae?oao. Iai?eia?, anee iaeei ?aaaiie aeaeeo, /oi ae?oaie eaoeo iy/, ii no?aieony i?iaeaeaoue yoi nai e eiaiii n aeaiiie ea?ooeie. Aeey nicaeaiey o iaeuoae iieiaeeoaeueiiai ioiioaiey ae?oa e ae?oao neaaeoao i?aaeoi?aaeaeaoue aicieeiiaaiea eiioeeeoia. Eiioeeeou aeiaieueii146/anoi aicieeatho iaaeaeo aeaoueie iioiio, /oi o ieo ieioi ?acaeoa ?a/ue, iie ia iiaoo iauynieoue naia aeaeaiea, a ea?ooea a ?oeao ae?oaiai ?aaaiea anaaaea i?eaeaeaoaeueia. Eiiaaea io?eoeaoaeueiia ioiioaiea e naa?noieeo yaeyaony neaaenoaeai eioa?ana e aai aeayoaeueiinoe e aianoa n oai iaoiaiey aeaenoaiaaoue aianoa.I?e i?aaeeueiie i?aaiecaoeee aiae?noaiaaiey aeaoae a a?oiia iiaeii ecaaaeaoue iiaeiaiuo eiioeeeoia. A /anoiinoe, iaaaeue aeieaeia auoue ?annoaaeaia oae, /oiau iaeuoe ia niae?aeenue a iaeiii ianoa. Eo/oa, anee aeaoe (aeaa-o?e ?aaaiea) aoaeoo caieiaoueny iaeiei aeaeii aeayoaeueiinoe, iai?eia? iaiecuaaieai eieaoe ia ie?aieaeee. Iieacii niaoeeaeueii i?aaieciaaoue iaaethaeaiea iaeieo aeaoae ca aeaenoaeyie ae?oaeo. Ai ecaaaeaiea nni?u aeaoyi aei iieooi?a eao neaaeoao aeaaaoue iaeeiaeiaua i?aaeiaou. Iaiaoiaeeii oaeaea, /oiau iie ciaee ianoa aeey o?aiaiey ea?ooae e a neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe iiaee eo eaaei iaeoe. Neaaeoao iiiieoue, /oi i?eau/ea ioieiaoue o ae?oaeo ea?ooee cae?aieyaony e ia?aoiaeeo a ae?a/eeainoue. A oaeii neo/aa aianoi aeia?iaeaeaoaeueiiai ioiioaiey ae?oa e ae?oao aeaoe eniuouaatho iceiaeaiiinoue e aiaa.Ainieoaiea iaueoaeueiinoe, acaeiiiiieiaiey aeieaeii inouanoaeyoueny a auoiaie, i?aaeiaoii-ea?iaie, ?a/aaie e ae?oaeo aeaeao aeayoaeueiinoe iaeuoa. Iaaei o/eoue eo i?iyaeaieth iaaeiinoe, ni/oanoaey, nino?aaeaiey: iiaeaaeeoue ii aieiaea, iiaeaeaoue ?aaaiea, eniuoaaoaai aieue i?e iaaeaiee, i?aaeeiaeeoue ?iaeiio iiae/eo eaeiinoai, ea?ooeo. I?e oaeii ainieoaiee iaeuoe e aeaoi aiaeai auiieiytho yoe aeaenoaey ia oieueei ii iiaeneacea ac?ineiai, ii e naiinoiyoaeueii, iao/eaoenue iiieiaoue ninoiyiea ae?oaiai e i?aaeeueii ?aaae?iaaoue (iiii/ue, ooaoeoue e i?.). Aeaoyi, iaeaaeaaoei ?a/aaui iauaieai, iaaei i?aaeeaaaoue neiaanii au?aaeaoue naie /oanoaa, neiiaoee: “oi?ioee”, “iieiaeaoe” e o. ae. A yoii aic?anoa ?aaaiie oaea iiaeao ii-naiaio canooieoueny ca iaeaeaiiiai, ieacaoue iiiiuue oiaa?euo (iiaeooue ia iaeue/ee, iiii/ue iiaeiyoueny iinea iaaeaiey e ae?.).Ea?a oaeo a naaa aieueoea aiciiaeiinoe aeey ?acaeoey o aeaoae eieeaeoeaecia. A i?ioeanna ea?u iie iauathony, neaaeoy /oanoaai neiiaoee ae?oa e ae?oao. Iai?eia?, ?aaaiie neeaaeuaaao a iaoeio eoaeee, a ae?oaie, iioyioa ca aa/aaeo, iuoaaony ia?aaacoe a?oc. I?aaaea, i?e yoii iiaoo aicieeiooue nni?u, iioiio /oi, aeeth/aynue a ea?o ninaaea, ?aaaiie iuoaaony eiiaaea iaaycaoue naie o?aaiaaiey, niiniau'aeaenoaey. A iiaeiaiuo neooaoeeyo ainieoaoaee aeieaeiu ?ac?aoeoue aeaoneea nii?u, ia?aoea aieiaiea iaeiiai ec ieo ia iiaua ea?ooee, caiyoey.A. A. Caii?iaeaoe, A. I. Oniaa, I. I. Aena?eia ioia/aee, /oi ea?a — ia?aay oeiea ainieoaiey iauanoaaiiiai iiaaaeaiey. Aeaoe iiaoo naiinoiyoaeueii anooieoue a eiioaeo ae?oa n ae?oaii e eniuouaatho i?e yoii ?aaeinoue.A. I Oniaa' ioia/aea ianeieueei oi?i acaeiiaeaenoaey aeaoae' Ni.: Oniaa A. I. ?ieue ea?u a ainieoaiee aeaoae/ Iiae ?aae. A. A. Caii?iaeoea. I., 1976.1471,5—2 eao a ea?ao ?yaeii. Oae, i?e iaoaie/aneii acaeiiaeaenoaee aeaoe, ea?ay eiaeeaeaeoaeueii, aini?iecaiaeyo ?acii?iaeiua aeaenoaey. Acaeiiaeaenoaea aiciiaeii e ia iniiaa eioa?ana ae?oa e ae?oao, e niaea?aeaieth ea?u. O/eouaay yoi, ac?ineue aeieaeai o/eoue aeaoae niaeaniauaaoue naie aeaenoaey. I?aaiecoy ea?o e iaaethaeay ca iae, ainieoaoaeue nicaeaao neooaoeeth, aaea aeaoyi i?eoiaeeony iiaeiaeaeaoue naiae i/a?aaee, iai?eia? i?e eaoaiee oaeaaeee; i?aaeeaaaao eaaeaeiio ?aaaieo auiieieoue eaeia-eeai caaeaiea: iaeiiio iaeeaaeuaaoue eoaeee a iaoeio, ae?oaiio aiceoue, o?aoueaio nieiaoue; aeaao ii?o/aiey: “Iieaee aeae Iea iy/ee” e o. ae.A yoii aic?anoa ?aaaiie aeieaeai oi?ioi iiieiaoue cia/aiea neia “iaeuecy”, “iiaeii” (iaeuecy ea?aoue iaeioi?uie aauaie, eiiaoue ea?ooee, ioieiaoue eo, e?e/aoue e o. i.). Eiaaea o?aaiaaiea eee aeaeaiea ?aaaiea iaauiieieii, a i?e/eio ioeaca ii aua ia iiaeao iiiyoue, aai neaaeoao ioaea/ue, ia?aeeth/eoue aieiaiea ia ae?oaie iauaeo.Aeaaa 10.?ACAEOEA E AINIEOAIEA AeAOAE O?AOUeAAI AIAeA AEECIE?acaeoea aeaoae ia o?aoueai aiaeo aeecie ii?aaeaeyaony oai, /oi iie i?eia?aee ?aiaa, a oaeaea iiauie caaea/aie e oneiaeyie ainieoaiey.Yoio aic?ano yaeyaony eae au ia?aoiaeiui io ?aiiaai e aeioeieueiiio aeaonoao, e ainieoaoaeue, ?aoay iiaua caaea/e n o/aoii aic?inoeo aiciiaeiinoae aeaoae, aianoa n oai nio?aiyao i?aainoaaiiinoue n ?aaioie a a?oiiao ?aiiaai aic?anoa.Ia o?aoueai aiaeo aeecie o aeaoae i?iaeieaeaao I?aaiecaoeey oaaee/eaaoueny aeeeoaeueiinoue aiae?noaiaaiey.^a^i^y" ^ie ^aea ei1^1' aac ooiieaiey iai?a?uaii aiae?noaiaaoue 6—6,5 /, /oi iaoiaeeo io?aaeaiea a ?aaeeia aeiy. Aeiai aeaoe niyo iaeei ?ac, i?eia?ii 2—2,5 /. Cia/eoaeueii oaaee/eaaaony aeeeoaeueiinoue i?iaoeee, iioiio /oi aeaoe noaiiayony aieaa naiinoiyoaeueiuie. Ia?aay i?iaoeea i?iaeieaeaaony ieiei 2 /, aoi?ay — 1,5 /. A ioee/ea io i?aaeoanoaothueo a?oii n aeaoueie o?aoueaai aiaea aeecie i?iaiaeyo oo?aiithth aeiianoeeo. A e?oaeinooi/iuo a?oiiao — n?aco iinea ii/iiai nia, a a?oiiao n aeiaaiui i?aauaaieai — ia?aae caao?aeii. I?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue — 4—5 iei. Eiiieaenu oo?aiiae aeiianoeee ninoiyo ec 3—4 oi?aaeiaiee ea?iaiai oa?aeoa?a.I?e i?iaaaeaiee ?aaeeiiuo i?ioeannia, eae e ?aiueoa, iaycaoaeueii niaethaeaaony i?eioeei iinoaiaiiinoe. Yoi cia/eo, /oi eaaeaeue ?aaaiie ia ei?ieaiea, iaeaaaiea, oiuaaiea o?aoeo noieueei a?aiaie, neieueei o?aaoaony aio iaeiiio, ii ia anae a?oiia. Aeaoe ia aeieaeiu aeaeaoue. Iai?eia?, iyiy i?eianea a a?oiio ec eooie caao?ae. Ainieoaoaeue, ia?auaynue e eaaeaeiio ?aaaieo ii eiaie, i?aaeeaaaao o?ai-/aou?ai iaiaa caiyoui ea?ie aeaoyi iieoe iuoue148?oee. Iyiy iaaethaeaao ca ieie. Auiua ?oee, iaeuoe naaeyony ca noie e iieo/atho caao?ae. A yoi a?aiy a oiuaaeueith i?eaeaoaaony aua ianeieueei aeaoae e o. ae. Oio, eoi iicaao?aeae, aeaaiaea?eo, caaeaeaaao nooe e eaeao ea?aoue. I?e ia?ooaiee i?eioeeia iinoaiaiiinoe yoe ?aaeeiiua iiiaiou auaeyaeaee au eia/a: anee ana aeaoe iaoiaeyony a oiuaaeueiie, oi /anoue ec ieo auioaeaeaia aeaeaoue, e ia?aaeei iie oaeyo; anee ia oiuaaiea iaeiiio ?aaaieo o?aaoaony 2—3 iei, oi i?e oaeie i?aaiecaoeee ii cao?aoeo 15 iei e o. ae.?aaeeiiua i?ioeannu caieiatho aeiaieueii iiiai a?aiaie, iiyoiio eo neaaeoao iaeneiaeueii eniieueciaaoue aeey ?acaeoey aeaoae:oi?ie?iaaiey ?a/e, aeaeaeaiee, iao/aiey iaaueai iineeueiie naiinoiyoaeueiinoe, i?aaeeai iiaaaeaiey.Aeaoe ciatho iacaaiey iiiaeo i?aaeiaoia, n eioi?uie ano?a/athony a auoo, n iiiiuueth ainieoaoaey onoaiaaeeaatho i?inoaeoea acaeiicaaeneiinoe: “?oee iitho iueii, /oiau iie auee /enouie”, “Naiiaeee iaaeaaatho iioiio, /oi i?ioae aeiaeaeue” e o. ae.A ?aaioa n aeaoueie o?aoueaai aiaea aeecie iaaei noa?aoueny ecaaaaoue oiio?aaeaiey noa?aioeiiuo o?ac. Eiiaaea ainieoaoaee, aeaeay, /oiau ?aaaiie iiaeaaiaea?ee, ia?auathony e iaio n iaeciaiiie o?acie: “A /oi iaaei neacaoue?”—aianoi oiai /oiau i?aaeeiaeeoue aio: “Iiaeaaiaea?e” eee i?inoi: “Neaaee “nianeai”. *anoi ai a?aiy ei?ieaiey ainieoaoaee iiiaie?aoii iiaoi?ytho:“Eooaeoa aeeo?aoii”, — aianoi oiai /oiau niune yoie o?acu ia?aaeaoue ?aciuie neiaaie. ?a/ue ainieoaoaey aeieaeia neoaeeoue ia?acoeii aeey iiae?aaeaiey aeaoae.A ?aaeeiiuo i?ioeannao niaa?oainoaothony iaauee e oiaiey, i?eia?aoaiiua aeaoueie ?aiaa. ?aaaiie aeieaeai anoue naiinoiyoaeueii, aeeo?aoii, aea?aeaoue eiaeeo a i?aaie ?oea, iieueciaaoueny naeoaoeie, aeaaiaea?eoue. E o?ai aiaeai ii n iaaieueoie iiiiuueth ac?ineiai iaeaaaaony e ?acaeaaaaony: ?acaycuaaao oio?ee, ?annoaaeaaao nia?aaee ioaiaeoeu, ciaao ii?yaeie a iaeaaaiee e ?acaeaaaiee. Iaeaaeaea aeieaeia auoue oaeiaiie, oaeie, /oiau ?aaaiie iia eaaei aeaenoaiaaoue nai. I?iyaeaieth naiinoiyoaeueiinoe niinianoaotho: iiaeai? iaaaee, ?aniieiaeaiea iai?oaeiaaiey a?oiiiaie eiiiaou, oiuaaeueie, ?acaeaaaeueie: ieceea aaoaeee aeey iieioaiaoe, iecei ?aniieiaeaiiua ?aeiaeiu, oaeiaiua oeao/eee aeey aa?oiae iaeaaeaeu e o. i.Auno?ue oai? oece/aneiai ?acaeoey, oa?aeoa?-Oece/aneia yue aeey ia?auo aeaoo eao aeecie, ia o?aoueai ?acaeoea aiaeo caiaaeeyaony. A n?aaeiai ca aiae ?aaaiie i?eaaaeyao a aana 2 ea, ?ino aai oaaee/eaaaony ia 7—8 ni. E o?ai aiaeai ?ino ?aaaiea —93—94 ni, aan eieaaeaony a i?aaeaeao 14,2—14,6 ea. Eciaiythony i?iii?oeee oaea (?ino oaaee/eaaaony a iniiaiii ca n/ao aeeeiu iia), aeaoe noaiiayony no?ieiaa. I?iaeieaeaaony ieinoaiaiea, niaa?oainoaoaony ooieoeeiie?iaaiea anao i?aaiia, /oi aeaeaao ?aaaiea oece/anee aieaa auiineeaui. Iaeiaei aeaoe o?aoueaai aiaea aeecie, oioy iie e149cia/eoaeueii e?ai/a aeaooeaoieo, aua /anoi iiaeaa?aeaiu caaieaaaieyi.Niaa?oainoaoaony aeayoaeueiinoue oeaio?aeueiie ia?aiie nenoaiu, /oi i?iyaeyaony a oaaee/aiee ?aaioiniiniaiinoe: aeaoe iiaoo caieiaoueny iaeiei e oai aea aeaeii aeayoaeueiinoe aei 20 iei. ?aaaiie oaea iiaeao naea?aeaoueny, ia caieaeaoue, aeaaea anee aio aieueii. Iaeuoe, iinooiathuea a aeaoneia o/?aaeaeaiea iinea aeaoo eao, n?aaieoaeueii auno?i i?eaueatho e ?aaeeio aeiy, iauaio oeeaaeo aeecie.O?aoee aiae aeecie — yoi ia?eiae aeoeaiiai niaa?oainoaiaaiey ea/anoaa eiathueony aeaeaeaiee. Aieaa eii?aeeie?iaaiiuie noaiiayony aeaeaeaiey ?oee e iaeueoeaa. Aeaoe naiinoiyoaeueii e aeeo?aoii aaeyo, i?aaeeueii aea?aeao ea?aiaeao, iiaoo ?annoaaiooue e canoaaiooue ioaiaeoeu. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oiaeueau caeeth/aaony a ?acaeoee eii?aeeiaoeee aeaeaeaiee iia e ?oe. Aeaoe iiaoo ia oiaeo iaieioee?iaaoue i?aaeiaoaie, eaoaoueny ia aaeineiaaea. ?aaaiie niaeanoao naie aeaeaeaiey n aiaoieie oneiaeyie, iai?eia? iaiyao aeaeaeaiea a caaeneiinoe io oaiia iocuee. I?ienoiaeeo niaa?oainoaiaaiea e oaeeo aeaeaeaiee, eae aaa, eacaiea, a?inaiea.Iaeuo iiiai aeaeaaaony, ia iiaeao aeeeoaeueiia a?aiy nio?aiyoue iaiiaeaeaeiinoue, ii auno?i onoaao io iaeiiia?aciuo aeaeaeaiee. I?e auai?a ea? e oi?aaeiaiee iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue aic?anoiua iniaaiiinoe aeaoae, a /anoiinoe iyaeinoue e iiaeaoeeainoue neaeaoa, n?aaieoaeueii iaaeinoaoi/iia ?acaeoea ioneoeaoo?u, auno?oth ooiieyaiinoue. Iaeioi?ua aeaeaeaiey a?aaeiu aeaoyi. Iaeuecy i?aaeeaaaoue ei aenaoue ia ?oeao (/oi /anoi aeiioneatho ?iaeeoaee), i?uaaoue n auniou, o?aaiaaoue aeeeoaeueiiai iiaoi?aiey iaeieo e oao aea aeaeaeaiee. Ac?ineue aeieaeai naiaa?aiaiii ia?aeeth/aoue aeaoae io iiaeiaiuo aeaeaeaiee ia aieaa niieieiua ea?u.Ainieoaoaeue eniieuecoao ?aciiia?aciua n?aaenoaa aeey ?acaeoey aeaeaeaiee aeaoae. N?aaee ieo — ?aaeeiiua i?ioeannu: oiuaaiea, iaeaaaiea, ei?ieaiea. Iinoiyiiia e /anoia iiaoi?aiea ?aciiia?aciuo e neiaeiuo aeaeaeaiee, eioi?ua ?aaaieo i?eoiaeeony auiieiyoue ai a?aiy yoeo i?ioeannia, aeaeatho aai aieaa eiaeei.Yooaeoeaiui n?aaenoaii ?acaeoey aeaeaeaiee yaeyaony ea?iaay aeayoaeueiinoue. Ai a?aiy ea?u aeaoe i?iaeaeuaatho naiua ?aciiia?aciua aeaeaeaiey: iiecatho ia /aoaa?aiueeao, ecia?aaeay eaeia-eeai aeeaioiia, aeiaiiytho ae?oa ae?oaa e o. ae. Ia i?iaoeea ei ia?aaeei i?eoiaeeony i?aiaeieaaaoue i?aiyonoaey.Aanueia aaaeiu aeey ?acaeoey aeaeaeaiee iauaoe?aieythuea oi?aaeiaiey, eioi?ua aeaoe auiieiytho ia oeceoeueoo?iuo caiyoeyo a iieiaeaieyo noiy, neaey, eaaea.A ea?iaie eiiiaoa aeieaeii auoue aeinoaoi/ii ianoa, /oiau aeaoe iiaee naiaiaeii aaaaoue, ea?aoue a iy/ e ae?oaea iiaeaeaeiua ea?u. A eo iieueciaaiee aeieaeiu auoue ea?ooee, niinianoaothuea ?acaeoeth aeaeaeaiee: iy/e ?acee/iuo ?acia?ia, o?aoeieaniua aaeineiaaeu, anaaiciiaeiua oaeaaeee, aaoiiiaeee. Ia o/anoea neaaeoao150eiaoue niaoeeaeueiua iiniaey — oanoea?aiiee, aeinee iaiaoiaeeiie oe?eiu.I?ia?aiia ainieoaiey a aeaoneii naaeo ii?aaeaeyao neaaeothuea aaaeouea eeiee a ?acaeoee aeaoae o?aoueaai aiaea aeecie:aeoeaiay iai?aaeaiiinoue ia auiieiaiea aeaenoaey aac iiiiue ac?ineiai, i?inoaeoea oi?iu au?aaeaiey naiinoiyoaeueiinoe;aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea iaaeyaeii-aeaenoaaiiiai iuoeaiey e iiyaeaiea yeaiaioa?iuo aeaeia ?a/aauo noaeaeaiee ia ie?oaeathuai;ia?aciaaiea iiauo oi?i ioiioaiee iaaeaeo aeaoueie, iinoaiaiiue ia?aoiae io iaeeii/iuo ea? e ea? ?yaeii e i?inoaeoei oi?iai niaianoiie ea?iaie aeayoaeueiinoe.Ia o?aoueai aiaeo aeecie naiinoiyoaeueiinoue aeaoi?ie?iaaiea oae oi?ie?oaony eioaineaii. “ss nai”, — aiai-?^. ^aeaeou Anee ac?ineua ia oaeiaeaoai?ytho aeaeaiea ?aaaiea aeaenoaiaaoue naiinoiyoaeueii, oi /anoi aicieeatho eai?ecu, oi?yinoai eee a?aaeiay i?eau/ea e aacaeayoaeueiiio ninoiyieth, iinoiyiiiio iaeeaeaieth iiiiue ie?oaeathueo.Naiua yeaiaioa?iua i?iyaeaiey naiinoiyoaeueiinoe o aeaoae 2—3 eao oanii naycaiu n niaea?aeaieai eo aeayoaeueiinoe. Iie au?aaeathony a iacaaeneiuo io ac?ineiai aeaenoaeyo, iai?aaeaiiuo ia auiieiaiea ii?aaeaeaiiie caaea/e.Naiinoiyoaeueiinoue iaeuoae i?iyaeyaony a ?aaeeiiuo i?ioeannao, aaea niaa?oainoaothony iaauee naiiianeoaeeaaiey; a ea?a, eiaaea ?aaaiie naiinoiyoaeueii, aac iiaeneacee ac?ineiai aini?iecaiaeeo iaeei-aeaa yieciaea ec aeecie. Ia caiyoeyo aeaoe naiinoiyoaeueii i?eaeoiuaatho e inouanoaeytho iino?ieeo; i?e auiieiaiee o?oaeiauo ii?o/aiee iiiiaatho ainieoaoaeth auianoe ia o/anoie ea?ooee, ?annoaaeoue oa?aeee n oeaaii ia?aae iaaaeii, iiei?ieoue ?uaie, ioe/eo e o. ae. Naiinoiyoaeueiinoue i?iyaeyaony e ai acaeiiioiioaieyo iaaeaeo aeaoueie. ?aaaiie ii naiae eieoeeaoeaa au?aaeaao aieiaiea e naa?noieeai: aeaeaao, ieacuaaao iiiiuue.Oaeei ia?acii, ai anao aeaeao aeayoaeueiinoe e a ?aciuo aeeciaiiuo neooaoeeyo i?iyaeyaony e oi?ie?oaony aeaoneay naiinoiyoaeueiinoue — aaaeiia e neiaeiia ea/anoai ee/iinoe.A oeaeyo oniaoiiai ?acaeoey naiinoiyoaeueiinoe aeaoae ainieoaoaeue ciaeiieo iaeuoae n ii?aaeaeaiiuie iaaieueoeie iaycaiiinoyie: iai?eia?, ia ?aca?anuaaoue ea?ooee, ii i?inueaa ac?ineiai niae?aoue eo, ?annoaaeyoue? ii ianoai, aa?a/ue iaeaaeaeo, ia ooiaoue, eiaaea caieiaaony /anoue aeaoae, e o. i. Ii iaiaauaao iaeuoae ciaieyie e oiaieyie, iaiaoiaeeiuie a naiiianeoaeeaaiee i?e iieueciaaiee ea?ooeaie, ia?auaiee ni naa?noieeaie e ac?ineuie. Neaaeoao niaoeeaeueii nicaeaaaoue oneiaey, /oiau aeaoe iiaee i?eiaiyoue naie ciaiey, i?iyaeoue naiinoiyoaeueiinoue, iai?eia? iaeaoue eoeeo aeey i?iaoeee, caaa?iooue naaa ?oeaaa ia?aae iuoueai ?oe.Iao/aoue aeaoae naiinoiyoaeueiinoe iiaeii, iieacuaay ei ?aaeueiua aeaenoaey (iuouea ?oe, iieueciaaiea iieioaioeai), a oaeaea151einoeaie?iaee n ea?ooeaie (iaeaaaiea e ei?ieaiea eoeeu e o. i.). I?e yoii aaaeia ioeaiea, iiiu?aiea ?aaaiea, i?eaea/aiea aieiaiey ae?oaeo aeaoae e i?iyaeaieyi naiinoiyoaeueiinoe.Ii ia?a iaeiieaiey aeaoueie eiie?aoiuo naaaeaiee ac?ineua iaiueoa iieacuaatho, a /aua i?eaaaatho e neiaaniiio oeacaieth. Aia/aea iauyniaiea iineo aieaa iiae?iaiue oa?aeoa?, ii iinoaiaiii noaiiaeony aiciiaeiui ia?aie/eoueny e?aoeeie iaiiieiaieyie.A i?ioeanna i?aaiecaoeee naiinoiyoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe aeaoae ainieoaoaeue io i?yiiai i®aeneaca, /ai caiyoueny (“iiei?ie eoeeo, iieaoae aa a iaoeia”), ia?aoiaeeo e eniieueciaaieth iaaiaeyueo aii?inia: “?acaa oaiy aei/ea aua ia auniaeanue? Iiaeao auoue, ii?a anoaaaoue, /oiau ia iiicaeaoue a aeaoneee naae?”Oi?ie?iaaiea naiinoiyoaeueiinoe — neiaeiue i?ioeann. Iaaeinoaoi/ii aeiaeaaoueny, /oiau aeaoe onaieee iaeioi?ua iaiaoiaeeiua naaaeaiey e oiaiey, iao/eeenue niaianoii ea?aoue, ieacuaaoue iiiiuue ae?oa ae?oao. Iaiaoiaeeii aua noi?ie?iaaoue o ieo no?aieaiea aeoeaii aeaenoaiaaoue a niioaaonoaee n iaeiieaiiuie naaaeaieyie e oiaieyie.Iiieiaiea ?a/e. Ia i?ioyaeaiee o?aouea-?a/ue e iuoeaiea ?ae ?aeaeae aeecie i?ienoiaeeo aeaeueiaeoaaiaiaaua-iea niuneiaiai niaea?aeaiey ?a/e. Aeaoe oi?ioi iiieiatho ac?ineiai, eiaaea ii aiai?eo i oii, /oi iaiin?aaenoaaiii eo ie?oaeaao, naycaii n eo ia?aaeeaaieyie. Iaiauaiiia cia/aiea aeey aeaoae ia/eiatho i?eia?aoaoue ia oieueei neiaa, iaicia/athuea i?aaeiaou e aeaenoaey, naycaiiua n iaiin?aaenoaaiiui /oanoaaiiui iiuoii, ii e iaicia/athuea ea/anoaa, naienoaa i?aaeiaoia. Oae, ia aii?in “Eoi eaoaao?” ?aaaiie ioaa/aao: “Aaai/ea eaoaao, iooa eaoaao, naiieao eaoaao” (2 aiaea 9 ian.). Eee ainieoaoaeue aiai?eo:“O oaay e?aniia ieaoueeoea, a aaea aua ou aeaeeoue e?aniue oeaao?” ?aaaiie ioaa/aao: “E?aniue oeaaeie, aaioee o Ethaeu, e?aniua eoaeee, a aua a?aoc auaaao e?aniue”.Aeaoe ia/eiatho onoaiaaeeaaoue i?e/eiioth naycue ioaeaeueiuo, /anoi iiaoi?ythueony yaeaiee, aeaeatho n?aaiaiey, oiicaeeth/aiey: “Ia oeeoea oieiaeii, iaaei iaaeaoue iaeueoi”, “Niaa, eae naoa?” e o. i. I iaciaeiiii ac?ineii /aeiaaea, eioi?ue i?iaa?yao ioeuen o ?aaaiea, aeaoe ni?aoeaatho: “Ii /oi, aeieoi??”Iaeiaei iiieiaiea ?a/e ie?oaeathueo ac?ineuo iaaeinoaoi/ii niaa?oaiii. Iaiaoiaeeii i?iaeieaeaoue oi?aaeiyoue aeaoae a ?acee/aiee i?aaeiaoia ii aiaoiaio aeaeo, ciaeiieoue n ioaeaeueiuie eo i?eciaeaie, neiaaniui iaicia/aieai. Aeaoae oaea ioaeii iiaoaeaeaoue e a?oiie?iaea iaeii?iaeiuo i?aaeiaoia, eioi?ua iiaeii iacaaoue iaeiei neiaii (iaaaeue, iinoaea, ea?ooee).Iaeuoae o/ao iiieiaoue ?aciiia?aciua aii?inu: “Eoi yoi?”, “*oi yoi?”, “Ai /oi iaeao?”, “*oi aacao?”, “Ii/aio?..”, “Eiaaea?..”, “Ca/ai?..”?aaaiie o?aoueaai aiaea aeecie oaea iiieiaao ?anneac, ia nii?iaiaeaeaaiue aeaiiino?aoeeae i?aaeiaoia, eeethno?aoeee, n eioa?anii152neooaao ciaeiioth neaceo aac iieaca eeethno?aoeee. Ii n oaeiaieuenoaeai aniiieiaao i iaaeaaieo niauoeyo ec aai aeecie, iiyoiio a iianaaeiaaiii iauaiee n iaeuoii ioaeii iiaoaeaeaoue aai ?anneacuaaoue i i?acaeieea, i?iaoeea e i?.Aeoeaiay ?a/ue. Neiaa?ue aeaoae ?anoao oae auno?i, /oi o?oaeii iiaeaeaaony oi/iiio o/aoo. E o?ai aiaeai a iai ian/eouaaaony 1200—1500 neia. ?aaaiie oiio?aaeyao ii/oe ana /anoe ?a/e, oioy aua ia anaaaea i?aaeeueii. A ?a/e aeaoae iiiai aeaaieia, nouanoaeoaeueiuo, iieuecoynue eioi?uie iie no?iyo i?inoua i?aaeeiaeaiey: “ss ia?enoth naiieao”, “Iaoeio iino?ith”. E?iia aeaaieia e nouanoaeoaeueiuo, aeaoe aeiaieueii oe?iei eniieuecotho ianoieiaiey, iniaaiii ee/iua. Iie ia/eiatho iieueciaaoueny i?aaeeiaaie, i?eeaaaoaeueiuie, oioy eo aua iaaeinoaoi/ii a neiaa?a. *anoi yoi auaaao iooiai, /oi ainieoaoaeue, oaeaeaynue iieacii aeaenoaee, caauaaao iacuaaoue ea/anoaa nouanoaaiiuo i?eciaeia i?aaeiaoia (caeaiay o?aaea, iooenoay oa?noue o eioaiea e o. i.).A ?a/e aeaoae o?aoueaai aiaea aeecie iiyaeythony iaaeaaeiua ieii/aiey, aeaoe eniieuecotho aeaaieu ia oieueei a ianoiyuai, ii e a aoaeouai e i?ioaaeoai a?aiaie, oioy aua aeiioneatho ioeaee:“Iu caao?a oiaeeee a ciiia?e”. Iaeuoe eaaei caiiieiatho iaaieueoea noeoe, ianaiee.Ia?eiae o?aoueaai aiaea aeecie oa?aeoa?ecoaony aieueoie ?a/aaie aeoeaiinoueth. Aeaoe iiiai aiai?yo ai a?aiy ea? e caiyoee, nii?iaiaeaeay ?a/ueth naie aeaenoaey e /anoi ie e eiio ia ia?auaynue. Iie caaeatho iiiai aii?inia: “A eae iacuaaaony?”, “A ca/ai ii i?eoae?” Iinea 2 eao 6 ian. ?a/ue ?aaaiea noaiiaeony eae au ?aaoeyoi?ii aai iiaaaeaiey. Iaeuo aiai?eo: “Iaiiae o?iaaoue iaeuecy, aieueii aoaeao”. Oae ?acaeoea ?a/e e iuoeaiey ia/eiaao ieacuaaoue aieueoia aeeyiea ia iiaaaeaiea ?aaaiea.Iaaethaeay ca ie?oaeathuei e naiinoiyoaeueii aeaenoaoy, iieo/ay i?e yoii i?aaeeueiua neiaaniua iiyniaiey ac?ineuo, ?aaaiie ana aieueoa iiciaao ie?oaeathuaa, i?eaioe?oaony a iai, iniuneeaaao aeinooiiua aai iiieiaieth yaeaiey e niauoey. Iiae aeeyieai ?acaeoey ?a/e e a i?ioeanna aeayoaeueiinoe o aeaoae i?ienoiaeeo aeaeueiaeoaa niaa?oainoaiaaiea ineoe/aneeo i?ioeannia: aini?eyoey, aieiaiey, iaiyoe, ia/eiatho ?acaeaaoueny aiia?aaeaiea, eioi?ia aieueoa anaai i?iyaeyaony a ea?iaie aeayoaeueiinoe.Oi?ie?iaaiea ?a/e ii?aaeaeyao aicieeiiaaiea Ea?a iiauo oi?i ioiioaiee iaaeaeo iaeuoaie, ii-e acaeiiioiioaiey noaiaiiue ia?aoiae io iaeeii/iuo ea? e ea??yaeii e i?inoaeoei oi?iai niaianoiie ea?iaie aeayoaeueiinoe.?a/ue neoaeeo ia oieueei iniiaiui n?aaenoaii iauaiey ?aaaiea ni ac?ineuie (/oi oaea eiaei ianoi e aeaoi aiaeai), ii e n?aaenoaii iauaiey n ae?oaeie aeaoueie. Ainieoaoaeue na?ei i?eia?ii e i?yiui oeacaieai o/eo aeaoae eaneiaiio ia?auaieth ae?oa n ae?oaii, iiaoaeaeaao eo e acaeiiiiiiue (canoaaiooue ioaiaeoeo ae?oaiio ?aaaieo, iiaeaeiooue oa?aeeo n oeaaii ninaaeo), i?iyaea-153ieth ni/oanoaey, aa?aaeiiio ioiioaieth e ieaaeoei. Acaeiiioiioaiey iaaeaeo aeaoueie, eiaaea iie iiieiatho ?a/ue e oaea naie aeaaeatho ath, iaaei ?aaoee?iaaoue ?acuyniaieai, iiaeneacii oi?i iieiaeeoaeueiuo acaeiiioiioaiee: “Aiaa, aeae Na?aaea iieaoaoueny ia aaeineiaaea, a iioii ii oaaa aeano”, “Eiey, ia ioieiae o Eaii/ee eoaeee, aicueie naaa ae?oaea. Iiniio?e — a ei?iaea aua anoue”.Iaeeo/oea aiciiaeiinoe aeey aicieeiiaaiey eiioaeoia iaaeaeo aeaoueie nicaeaao ea?iaay aeayoaeueiinoue: aeaoe i?eo/athony aeaenoaiaaoue niaeaniaaiii, o/aony onooiaoue, iiiiaaoue ae?oa ae?oao, aeaeeoueny naieie ?aaeinoyie. Io o?iaiy ea?iaie aeayoaeueiinoe caaeneo o?iaaiue aeaoneeo acaeiiioiioaiee.A eiioea aoi?iai—ia/aea o?aoueaai aiaea aeecie ia?aae ainieoaoaeyie noieo caaea/a ?acaeoey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie ea?u eaaeaeiai ?aaaiea, /oi yaeyaony aeaaii?eyoiie i?aaeiinueeie niaianoiuo ea? aeaoae a aieaa noa?oai aic?anoa. Ia yoii yoaia aaaeii iao/eoue aeaoae aeaenoaeyi n ea?ooeaie, eniieueciaaieth eo ii iacia/aieth, ioaeii aucuaaoue eioa?an e ?aciui ea?ooeai, iieacuaaoue eo ea?iaua aiciiaeiinoe, o. a. o/eoue niiniaai aeaenoaee n ieie. Ia?yaeo n yoei neaaeoao iiaeaiaeeoue aeaoae e iiieiaieth oiai, /oi iaeuecy iaoaoue ae?oaei, eiaaea iie ea?atho, iaeuecy ioieiaoue ea?ooee. Iaiaoiaeeii oi?ie?iaaoue onoie/eainoue ea?iaie aeayoaeueiinoe, oiaiea nin?aaeioi/eoueny ia naiae ea?a.N oeaeueth ?acaeoey e iaiaauaiey ea?iaie aeayoaeueiinoe iaaei i?iaiaeeoue iaaethaeaiey, yeneo?nee, ea?u-caiyoey n eoeeaie, niaea?aeaiea eioi?uo iiaeneacuaatho aeaenoaey n ea?ooeaie: eoeeo iiaeii iiei?ieoue, oeiaeeoue niaoue, iiea/eoue. Iaaieueoea einoeaie?iaee n eoeeie ciaeiiyo aeaoae n iaeioi?uie i?aaeeaie iiaaaeaiey: ioaeii ia ioieiaoue ea?ooeo, a iii?ineoue aa; ea?ooeo iinea ea?u neaaeoao oa?aoue ia ianoi e o. i.A i?ioeanna oi?ie?iaaiey ea?u e acaeiiioiioaiee aeaoae neaaeoao iieueciaaoueny iiiu?aieai, i?eaeaeaoue eo aieiaiea e oaea/iui aeaenoaeyi oiai eee eiiai ?aaaiea (i?aaeeueii nia?aiiie ie?aieaeea, iao?aoea e ae?.).Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiay ea?a i?aaiecoao iiaaaeaiea ?aaaiea, oi?ie?oao nin?aaeioi/aiioth aeayoaeueiinoue, oiaiea aeaenoaiaaoue ?yaeii n ae?oaeie e ia iaoaoue ei. Ainieoaoaeth ioaeii any/anee iaa?aaaoue eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua ea?u aeaoae, noa?aoueny oai eee eiui i?eaiii i?iaeeeoue eo, ia i?a?uaaoue iaioaeiuie caia/aieyie. A eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie ea?a anoue i?aaeiinueee aeey aicieeiiaaiey eieeaeoeaiie ea?u: iiyaeyaony eioa?an e aeayoaeueiinoe ae?oaeo aeaoae, yiioeeiiaeueiay iocua/eainoue. Iai?eia?, Eiey iiaeoiaeeo e Aiaa, niio?eo, eae ii iaiecuaaao eieueoea ia noa?aeaiue ie?aieaeee e iiaeaao aio aeaa eiea/ea.*oiau a i?ioeanna ea?u ?acaeaaoue iieiaeeoaeueiua acaeiiioiioaiey, iaiaoiaeeii nicaeaaaoue oneiaey, niinianoaothuea iauaaeeiaieth aeaoae. Yoi iiaeao auoue iauaa ianoi aeaenoaey, iai?eia? noie, ca eioi?ui aeaoe neaeyo e niae?atho iao?aoae; iaeeiaeiaua aeaenoaey: ana aeaoe-iaeuoe — ai?iauoee a ea?a “Ai?iauo-154ee e aaoiiiaeeue” eee ana iie ioe/ee, cae/eee e o. ae. Yoe ea?u naeeaeatho aeaoae ?aaeinoueth niaianoiuo aeaenoaee, aucuaatho aeaeaiea aeaenoaiaaoue oae, eae aeaenoaotho ae?oaea, niinianoaotho niaeaniaaiiinoe aeaenoaee. Iiaeii i?aaieciaaoue ea?u, eioi?ua iauaaeeiytho aeaoae iauei i?aaeiaoii e iauei aeaenoaeai n iei. Yoi ea?u oeia “I?ieaoe oa?ee (iy/ee)”. Ea?a n iauae ea?ooeie iiaoaeaeaao aeaoae anooiaoue a iauaiea ae?oa n ae?oaii, iie o/aony aeaenoaiaaoue iii/a?aaeii, aeaeaoue, iiea aeaenoaoao ia?oia?.Aua aieueoa aiciiaeiinoae aeey aicieeiiaaiey acaeiiioiioaiee iaaeaeo aeaoueie i?aaeinoaaeyao nthaeaoii-?ieaaay ea?a, iai?eia? ea?a a ia?eeiaoa?a, aeieoi?a iaaiciiaeia aac ia?oia?a. Aeaoe aeiaiaa?eaathony: “Aeaaae, y oaay iiaeno?eao”, “Nia/aea ou iaiy, iioii y oaay...”Nthaeaoii-?ieaaay ea?a aicieeaao ia n?aco. A eiioea aoi?iai aiaea aeecie ?aaaiie ia/eiaao iineaaeiaaoaeueii aini?iecaiaeeoue ianeieueei acaeiinaycaiiuo aeaenoaee: ei?ieo eoeeo, oeeaaeuaaao aa niaoue, aoeyao n iae. Ia o?aoueai aiaeo ii oaea ei?ieo ia oae, eae ?aiueoa, i?inoi i?eeeaaeuaay ei ?oo eoeeu oa?aeeo,— a /oi-oi iaeeaaao a /aoeo, oa?aeeo, eniieuecoao eiaeeo, iiao iinoaeo. Ii aeaenoaey ?aaaiea aua ia anaaaea i?aaeeueii io?aaeatho eo ?aaeueioth iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue. Ii iiaeao iaeiia?aiaiii ea/eoue, ei?ieoue, eaoaoue eoeeo ia iaoeia. Nouanoaaiiue naeaea a ea?a i?ienoiaeeo e eiioeo aiaea, eiaaea ?aaaiie iaaeaeyao eoeeo eiaiai, naay iacuaaao eiaiai ac?ineiai, aaaeao a ea?a ?acaiai? e io eeoea ac?ineiai, e io eiaie eoeeu. Iia noaiiaeony aeey ?aaaiea caianoeoaeai /aeiaaea. Ea?iaua aeaenoaey, niaa?oaaiua n eoeeie auno?aeaathony a i?aaeeueiie iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe. Aeaoe aini?iecaiaeyo ia?aaeeoua neooaoeee ii iaiyoe, aeaenoaotho ii i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiio caiuneo. Iai?eia?, aeaai/ea 2 eao 7 ian. eeaaeao eoeeo ia e?iaaoue, i?eeeaaeuaaao e eoeea eaoooeo ec-iiae ieoie, caoai aa?ao eoeeo ia ?oee; aeaaeeo aa, oea/eaaao. Ia aii?in ainieoaoaey “*oi ou naeaeaea eoeea?”, oeuaaynue ioaa/aao: “Oeie, iia aieueiay”. A ea?a aeaoe aini?iecaiaeyo aeaenoaey ainieoaoaeae, a?a/a, ia?eeiaoa?a, oioa?a, ?iaeeoaeae. Iiae aeeyieai ainieoaoaey iie ia/eiatho aini?iecaiaeeoue ia i?inoi aeaenoaey ac?ineiai, ii e eo acaeiiioiioaiey. Iiyoiio i/aiue aaaeai iieiaeeoaeueiue i?eia? acaeiiioiioaiee noa?oeo.I?eia? ac?ineuo, oniaoe a iauai ?acaeoee, e iniaaiii a ?acaeoee ?a/e, oiaiea niaeaniauaaoue naie aeaenoaey e aeaeaeaiey n ae?oaeie aeaoueie niinianoaotho oiio, /oi ai aoi?ie iieiaeia o?aoueaai aiaea aeecie o aeaoae ia?yaeo n ea?aie ?yaeii aicieeatho niaianoiua ea?u e iieiaeeoaeueiua acaeiiioiioaiey aia ea?u.A ea?iaii oaieea aeaia — Na?aaea e Iey. Na?aaea ia?auaaony e eoeea: “Ia oaee, neooaeny iaio”. Caoai ni neiaaie “ss iioae ia ?aaioo” eeaaao Iea e ooiaeeo a ae?oaoth /anoue a?oiiiaie eiiiaou. A yoii i?eia?a iaeeoei iiae?aaeaiea acaeiiioiioaieyi ?iaeeoaeae.155A oi?ioi i?aaieciaaiiie a?oiia iaeuoe aeaeyony naieie ea?ooeaie, ia?auathony ae?oa e ae?oao n i?inueaie, ?aaeothony, eiaaea iinea aeeeoaeueiiai ionoonoaey a a?oiio aica?auathony aeaoe.Iaeiaei aac iai?aaeythuaai ?oeiaiaenoaa ainieoaoaey n?aaee aeaoae iaecaaaeii aoaeoo aicieeaoue eiioeeeou. ?aayoa, ia aeeeoaeueiia a?aiy i?aaeinoaaeaiiua naie naaa, ia anaaaea iiaoo iaeoe caiyoea, iaania/eoue oeaeaniia?acioth niaio naiae aeayoaeueiinoe, aneaaenoaea /aai i?eoiaeyo a ayeia eee aicaoaeaeaiiia ninoiyiea, onoatho io iaeiiia?aciuo aeaenoaee.Ia o?aoueai aiaeo aeecie ia?yaeo n oaie aeaeaie I?aaiecaoeey aeayoaeueiinoe, eioi?ua ioia/aeenue ?aiaa (iaa-naiinoiyoaeueiie ethaeaiea ca ie?oaeathuei, aeaenoaey n i?aaeia-aeayoaeo'a1einoe oaie, ea?ooeaie, nthaeaoiua ea?u), iiyaeythony iiaua. Aeaoe ethayo ?anniao?eaaoue eieaeee, ea?oeiee, i?e yoii aiai?yo, ni?aoeaatho, n eioa?anii e aieiaieai neooatho, /oi ei ?anneacuaatho ac?ineua.Iaeuoe ia/eiatho ?eniaaoue, eaieoue (i?aaaea, iiea aua ia caiyoeyo, i?aaieciaaiiuo ainieoaoaeai).Iinoaiaiii ?acaeaaaony eiino?oeoeaiay aeayoaeueiinoue. Ea?ay ni no?ieoaeueiui iaoa?eaeii, ?aaaiie ia oieueei aini?iecaiaeeo iieacaiiua ac?ineuie iino?ieee, ii e iuoaaony no?ieoue nai.A yoii aic?anoa aeaoae i?eaeaeatho o?oaeiaua aeaenoaey ac?ineuo, iie ioioii auiieiytho eo ii?o/aiey: n oaeiaieuenoaeai iieeaatho oeaaou (iiae iaaethaeaieai ainieoaoaey), iiiiaatho ?annoaaeoue nooeuey aeey caiyoey, iinoaaeoue ia noie oa?aeee n oeaaii e o. i. Ainieoaiea o iaeuoae eioa?ana e o?oaeiaui aeaenoaeyi, i?eaea/aiea eo e iineeueiie iiiiue ac?ineui caeeaaeuaaao iniiau o?oaeiaiai ainieoaiey.I?e i?aaiecaoeee ?aciuo aeaeia naiinoiyoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe aeaoae aaaeiia cia/aiea eiaao iniauaiea a?oiiu iaiaoiaeeiuie ea?ooeaie e iiniaeyie. Aeey ?acaeoey e?oiiuo aeaeaeaiee iaiaoiaeeii eiaoue oaeaaeee, iy/e, ia?o/e, aaeineiaaeu, aiaeaee. Naini?iiio ?acaeoeth e ?acaeoeth iaeeeo aeaeaeaiee niinianoaotho ?aciiia?aciua ?acai?iua aeeaeaeoe/aneea ea?ooee, aie/ee, eonee iaoa?ee, a eioi?ua aoeou aeeeiiua e ei?ioeea iieiee eee iaoeou iaeeea e e?oiiua ioaiaeoeu, eiiiee, e?th/ee, a oaeaea oio?u, aeaoou aeey iaiecuaaiey eieaoe, eaoooae. A a?oiiiaie eiiiaoa iaaei i?aaieciaaoue oaieie eieae, aaea o?aieeenue au eieaeee e ea?oeiee. ?aciiia?aciui aeieaeai auoue anni?oeiaio ea?ooae aeey nthaeaoiie ea?u: eoeeu e ae?oaea ia?aciua ea?ooee n ?acee/iuie i?eiaaeeaaeiinoyie (iinoaea, iaaaeue, iaeaaeaea), i?aaeiaou ?yaeaiey (einuiee, ia?aaeieee, eieia/ee, oaeaou e o. i.). Aeey eiino?oeoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe a?oiia aeieaeia auoue iniauaia no?ieoaeueiui iaoa?eaeii ?acee/iie aaee/eiu e oi?iu.Eaaeaeue aeae ea?ooae neaaeoao o?aieoue a ii?aaeaeaiiii ianoa. Yoi i?eo/aao aeaoae e i?aaieciaaiiinoe e ii?yaeeo.Aeaoe o?aoueaai aiaea aeecie eaa/a iaoiaeyo naaa caiyoey, eiaaea ea?ooee iaoiaeyony o ieo ia aeaeo, iiyoiio iniiaiay /anoue ea?o-156oae aeieaeia auoue a eo ?anii?yaeaiee. Iiaua eee aua iaaeinoaoi/ii inaiaiiua iiniaey e aeiiieieoaeueiua e eiathueiny a a?oiia ea?ooee iaoiaeyony o ainieoaoaey e auaeathony ii i?inueaa aeaoae, iai?eia?, ?acai?iua aeeaeaeoe/aneea ea?ooee, /anoe eioi?uo eaaei oa?ythony, anee aeaoe eie iieuecothony aaneiio?ieueii.A a?oiiiaie eiiiaoa iaaei nicaeaoue oaeiaiua ianoa aeey ?aciuo aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe. Iai?eia?, iiei/ea n eieaeeaie aeieaeia auoue a oi?ioi inaauaiiii ianoa, caeanue aea aeieaeai noiyoue noie, ca eioi?ui aeaoe ?anniao?eaatho eeethno?aoeee.Iaeuoe aeieaeiu oi?ioi ciaoue, /oi ?acai?iuie ea?ooeaie, n?aaeiei no?ieoaeueiui iaoa?eaeii, a oaeaea ianoieueii-ia/ao-iuie ea?aie iiaeii iieueciaaoueny oieueei ca noieii. Aeey iino?iae ec e?oiiiai no?ieoaeueiiai iaoa?eaea neaaeoao auaeaeeoue ianoi ia iieo.Ea?a aeey aeaoae — ?aaeinoiay e aeoeaiay aeayoaeueiinoue, iiyoiio ?oeiaiaeeoue ath iaaei oae, /oiau ia iiaeaaeyoue eo eieoeeaoeau, eioa?ana e naiinoiyoaeueiinoe. ?oeiaiaey aeaoneie ea?ie, ainieoaoaeue no?aieony oi?ie?iaaoue o aeaoae onoie/eaoth aeayoaeueiinoue:aia?aiy i?aaeeaaaao iaiaoiaeeioth aeey i?iaeieaeaiey ea?u ea?ooeo eee ao?eaoo, eniieuecoy i?yiie eee einaaiiue iiaeneac aeaenoaey: “Oaiy aei/ea ia caia?ciao ia i?iaoeea? Ia oeeoea oieiaeii”; iieacuaaao aeaenoaey n ea?ooeaie a ea?ao-einoeaie?iaeao (“Iaoaiueea i?inioeanue”, “Noe?ea eoeieueiiai aaeuey” e ae?.). Aaaeii, /oiau e ia caiyoeyo, e a iianaaeiaaiie aeecie ainieoaoaeue ia?auaeny n eoeeie eae n aeeaui nouanoaii, iacuaae aa ii eiaie, oniieaeaae e aeaeae.A ia?aie ieaaeoae a?oiia aeaoneiai naaea i?i-Caiyoey aiaeeony 10 caiyoee a iaaeaeth.Aeeeoaeueiinoue caiyoee—10—15 iei, i?iaiaeyony iie aaeaaeiaaii oo?ii e aa/a?ii, e?iia noaaiou. Ia?yaeo n caiyoeyie ieaie?othony iaaethaeaiey ia i?iaoeea ca ie?oaeathuei, iiaeaeaeiua e aeeaeaeoe/aneea ea?u.Aieueoay /anoue caiyoee i?iaiaeeony ii iiaea?oiiai, a eioi?ua iauaaeeiythony aeaoe n iaeeiaeiaui o?iaiai ?acaeoey. Oae i?aaiecothony caiyoey, ia eioi?uo eniieuecoaony iiaue iaoa?eae, o?aaothuee ianoiyoaeueiuo iauyniaiee e iiiiue ac?ineiai (iai?eia?, eiaaea aia?aua aeathony neeaaeiua ea?oeiee eee iiaue eiino?oeoi?). Iaaieueoia /enei aeaoae aeieaeii auoue ia caiyoeyo, a eioi?uo niaethaeaaony i/a?aaeiinoue aeaenoaee. Oaeiau, iai?eia?, oeceoeueoo?iua caiyoey n aeiianoe/aneeie iiniaeyie, caiyoey oeia “eioi” e ii ?acaeoeth ?a/e, aaea iaeie aeaoe naiae aeoeaiinoueth iiaoo iiaeaaeoue ae?oaeo.Iaeiaei ia o?aoueai aiaeo aeecie aiciiaeii i?iaaaeaiea iaeioi?uo aeaeia caiyoee ni naiae a?oiiie, oae eae iaeuoe oaea inaieee i?aaeea iiaaaeaiey (niieieii neaeaoue, aieiaoaeueii neooaoue), ia/aee- niaeaniauaaoue naie aeaenoaey n ae?oaeie aeaoueie, ?a/ue ac?ineiai noaiiaeony ?aaoeyoi?ii eo aeaenoaee. Ni anae a?oiiie aeaoae iaeiia?aiaiii iiaeii i?iaiaeeoue iocueaeueiua caiyoey, ii-157aeaeaeiua ea?u, a oaeaea iieacu-einoeaie?iaee, a eioi?uo iaeuoe yaeythony a iniiaiii c?eoaeyie.Ai a?aiy caiyoee ieeoi ia aeieaeai ioaeaeaoue ainieoaoaey, a eiiiaoa aeieaeii auoue oeoi, ono?aiaii ana, /oi iiaeao iiiaoaoue. Caiyoey n iiaea?oiiie eo/oa i?iaiaeeoue a ae?oaie eiiiaoa, a ia oai, aaea ea?atho inoaaoeany aeaoe. Yoi iiaeao auoue niaeueiy, i?eaiiay. Anee aea aeeciue a a?oiia i?aaieciaaia oi?ioi, caiyoea iiaeao i?ioiaeeoue a oie aea eiiiaoa, aaea /anoue aeaoae ea?aao.Aieueoie yooaeo aeatho oaeea caiyoey, niaea?aeaiea eioi?uo naycaii n naiinoiyoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoueth aeaoae, iniaaiii n ea?ie. Iai?eia?, aeaoyi iieacaee einoeaie?iaeo “Eoiaiea eoeeu Iaoe”. Iinea yoiai iie iieo/atho a naiinoiyoaeueiia iieueciaaiea iaaieueoeo eoeie e aaiii/ee niioaaonoaothuaai ?acia?a e aini?iecaiaeyo yeaiaiou einoeaie?iaee a naiae ea?a. Iiaeiaioth naycue iiaeii inouanoaeoue e iinea iocueaeueiuo caiyoee, caiyoee ii eiino?oe?iaaieth, ii naini?iiio ?acaeoeth e ae?. Ia anaaaea aeaoe naie iiaoo aini?iecaanoe iieo/aiiia ia caiyoeyo a naiae aeayoaeueiinoe. Ainieoaoaeue aeieaeai niinianoaiaaoue yoiio ?acee/iuie n?aaenoaaie, any/anee noeioee?oy cae?aieaiea iieo/aiiuo ia caiyoeyo oiaiee.Iao/aiea aeaoae o?aoueaai aiaea aeecie iineo iaaeyaeii-aeaenoaaiiue oa?aeoa?. I?aaeiaoiay iaaeyaeiinoue (i?aaeiaou, yaeaiey i?e?iaeu, ea?ooee) eee a?aoe/anee-ia?aciay iaaeyaeiinoue (ea?oeiee, ?enoiee) eniieuecothony a oaniii ni/aoaiee n iaiin?aaenoaaiiuie aeaenoaeyie e ?a/ueth anao caieiathueony aeaoae. Oaeei ia?acii, iaeuoe ia caiyoeyo aeieaeiu ia oieueei niio?aoue, neooaoue ainieoaoaey, ii e aeaenoaiaaoue iiae aai eiio?ieai, aiai?eoue. Iai?eia?, ia caiyoee n iao?aoeaie aeaoe ciaeiiyony n aaee/eiie: aieueoay, iaeaiueeay. Ainieoaoaeue iieacuaaao iao?aoeo e aiai?eo: “Yoi aieueoay iao?aoea”, “Yoi iaeaiueeay iao?aoea”. Aeaoe neooatho aai e niio?yo. Caoai ii i?ineo anao aeaoae iaeiia?aiaiii iiaeiyoue e iieacaoue aieueooth iao?aoeo (“Aio oaeoth”) e neacaoue: “Aieueoay iao?aoea”. Aeaeaa aeaoe auiieiytho caaeaiey iieacaoue e iacaaoue iaeaiueeoth iao?aoeo'.A i?ia?aiia ainieoaiey a aeaoneii naaeo ii?aaeaeaiu caaea/e e niaea?aeaiea i?ia?aiiiiai iaoa?eaea ?aciuo aeaeia caaeaiee ii iciaeiieaieth n ie?oaeathuei e ?acaeoeth ?a/e, aeaeaeaiee, ecia?aceoaeueiie e eiino?oeoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe, ii iocueaeueiiio ainieoaieth. Iiieii yoiai, aeaaony ia?a/aiue ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee, iiaeaeaeiuo ea?, niaea?aeaiea iocueaeueiiai ?aia?ooa?a, a oaeaea ii?iaoeau ?aciuo aeaeia aeaeaeaiee.Ni.: Aaaianiaa A. 'I. Iao/aiea naiuo iaeaiueeeo a aeaoneii naaeo. I., 1968.

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