.

Влияние языка на познавательные процессы

Язык: русский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 602
Скачать документ

Aeeyiea ycuea ia iiciaaaoaeueiua i?ioeannu.

Aaaaeaiea.

I?e ethaie iiiuoea iiiyoue ioiioaiea iaaeaeo eoeueoo?ie e
iiciaaaoaeueiuie i?ioeannaie, iaiaoiaeeii i?aaeaea anaai ?anniio?aoue
i?iaeaio ycuea. sscue yaeyaony ia oieueei n?aaenoaii, i?e iiiiue
eioi?iai iu iieo/aai aieueooth /anoue naaaeaiee i eoeueoo?a e
iiciaaaoaeueiuo i?ioeannao, ii-niaeanii iaeioi?ui oai?eyi (ni. ieaea)-
oaeaea e iniiaiui oaeoi?ii, ii?aaeaeythuei iaoe iuneeoaeueiua i?ioeannu.

Ia?aay eaeay i/aaeaeia. Ii/oe ana aeaiiua i iaaeeoeueoo?iuo ?acee/eyo a
iiciaaaoaeueiuo i?ioeannao iieo/aiu n iiiiuueth neiaaniuo io/aoia eee
ae?oaeo aa?aaeueiuo ioaaoia eniuooaiuo.

Aoi?ia o?aaoao iiae?iaiiai ianoaeaeaiey. Iii ia oieueei ia i/aaeaeii, ii
a /ai-oi aeaaea i?ioeai?a/eo cae?aaiio niuneo. Aieueoay /anoue ethaeae
oaa?aia, /oi ycue- yoi n?aaenoai, i?e iiiiue eioi?iai /aeiaae au?aaeaao
naie iuouaiey e iunee, e ia eiaao cia/aiey, aaea /aeiaae iiyaeeny ia
naao . Eaeoth ?ieue ea?aao oi ianoiyoaeuenoai, /oi /aeiaae aiai?eo
eiaiii ia aeaiiii ycuea, a ia ia eaeii-oi ae?oaii ?

Eeiaaenoe/aneay ioiineoaeueiinoue ( aeiioaca A. Oi?oa).

Ia aunoai o?iaia iaiauaiiinoe a ycuea iiaeii auaeaeeoue aeaa
eiiiiiaioa: naiaioe/aneee e neioaene/aneee. Aieueoeinoai
ennneaaeiaaoaeae, iuoathueony yenia?eiaioaeueiui iooai auynieoue
niioiioaiea iaaeaeo ycueii e iuoeaieai, anaaaea aeaeaee oii? ia
naiaioe/aneoth noi?iio a aeooa ?aaio Aaiaeaeaiaia Ee Oi?oa. A yoii
neo/aa ca eeiaaenoe/aneoth ia?aiaiioth i?eieiaaony aiaaonoai neiaa?y,
eioi?ui ?aniieaaaao ycue aeey iienaiey aeaiiie iaeanoe
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe.

Iiaeii ii ?aciiio aini?eieiaoue e no?oeoo?e?iaaoue ie?, e ycue, eioi?ue
/aeiaae onaaeaaao a aeaonoaa, ii?aaeaeyao aai niinia aeaeaiey ie?a e
no?oeoo?e?iaaiey aai. Iiaeiaiue acaeyae any/anee iiaeaea?aeeaae e
?acaeaae aia?eeaineee enneaaeiaaoaeue ycueia, niaoeeaeece?iaaaoeeny ia
eiaeaeneeo ycueao Aaiaeaeaiai Oi?o, oi?ioee?oy iniiaioth eiioeaioeeth
oaeei ia?acii: “Auei onoaiiaeaii, /oi iniiaa ycueiaie nenoaiu ethaiai
ycuea ( a?aiia- oeea) ia anoue i?inoi eino?oiaio aeey aini?iecaaaeaiey
iuneae. Iai?ioea, a?aiiaoeea naia oi?ie?oao iuneue, yaeyaony i?ia?aiiie
e ?oeiaiaenoaii iuneeoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe eiaeeaeaeooia.” (
Oi?o,1960, n. 174-175).

N oi/ee c?aiey eeiaaenoe/aneie ioiineoaeueiinoe Oi?oa, ycue- yoi nenoaia
acaeiinaycaiiuo eaoaai?ee, eioi?ay, n iaeiie noi?iiu, io?aaeaao, n
ae?oaie- oeene?oao ii?aaeaeaiiue acaeyae ia ie?. Ia o?iaia eaeneee
eaaeaeue ycue eiaee?oao, ycue- yoi nenoaia acaeiinaycaiiuo eaoaai?ee,
eioi?ay, n iaeiie noi?iiu, io?aaeaao, n ae?oaie- oeene?oao ii?aaeaeaiiue
acaeyae ia ie?. Ia o?iaia eaeneee eaaeaeue ycue eiaee?oao iaeioi?ua
iaeanoe iiauoa aieaa aeaoaeueii, /ai ae?oaea. Eiaaony iiaiea, /oi anee a
iaeioi?ii ycuea eiaaony oieueei iaeii neiai a ea/anoaa neiaiea
eaeiai-ieaoaeue yaeaiey, oi yoi neiai eaaei noaiiaeony
eeanneoeeaoeeiiiui i?eioeeiii aeey iineoaeae aeaiiiai ycuea. Aio aeaa
aeiiieieoaeueiuo i?eia?a, i?eaaaeaiiuo Oi?oii : Ia?iaeiinoue oiie
iaicia/aao iaeiei e oai aea neiaii ana eaoyuea i?aaeiaou, e?iia ioeoe (
iai?. naiieaou, ianaeiiuo, eao/eeia), a oi a?aiy, eae a aieueoeinoaa
ycu- eia aeey anao yoeo aauae nouanoaotho ioaeaeueiua iiiyoey. N ae?oaie
noi?iiu, yneeiinu iieuecothony ?yaeii ?acee/iuo neia aeey iaicia/aiey
niaaa: iaaeathuee niaa, oaeue niaa, nooie niaa- oiaaea, eae iau/ii
iieuecothony iaeiei neiaii..

Aeiioaca Oi?oa ia ioiioaiee iaaeaeo eoeueoo?ie e iiciaaaoaeueiuie
i?ioeannaie niaea?aeeo oaeoe/anee aeaa ooaa?aeaeaiey, eioi?ua noieo
?anniio- ?aoue ioaeaeueii. Ia?aia: a?oiiu ethaeae, aiai?yuea ia ?aciuo
ycueao, ii-?aciiio aini?eieiatho e iinoeaatho ie?. Yoi ooaa?aeaeaiea
iieo/eei iacaa- iea eeiaaenoe/aneie ioiineoaeueiinoe.

Aoi?ia ooaa?aeaeaiea auoiaeeo ca i?aaeaeu i?inoiai i?aaeiieiaeaiey i
oii, /oi a iiciaaaoaeueiuo i?ioeannao nouanoaotho ?acee/ey, naycaiiua n
ycueiauie ?acee/eyie. Ooaa?aeaeaaony, /oi i?e/eiie yoeo ?acee/ee
yaeyaony ycue. Yoa aeieo?eia eeiaaenoe/aneiai aeaoa?ieiecia, ii
nouanoao, icia/aao, /oi nouanoaoao iaeiinoi?iiiyy i?e/eiiay naycue
iaaeaeo ycueii e iiciaaaoaeue- iuie i?ioeannaie.

E?aeiea oi?iu eeiaaenoe/aneie ioiineoaeueiinoe e aeaoa?ieiecia eiaee au
na?ueaciua iineaaenoaey ia oieueei aeey enneaaeiaaiey /aeiaa/anoaii
naiiai naay, ii e aeey eco/aiey i?e?iaeu, iineieueeo iie iaaeooi
cae?uaatho iooue e iaueaeoeaiiio ciaieth. Ana, /oi /aeiaae ia?aaeeaaao e
aini?eieiaao, a iaeioi?ii niunea i?iecaieueii. A yoii neo/aa iii naycaii
a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue n oai, /oi a aai ycueiaie a?oiia i?eiyoi aiai?eoue i
aiaoiai ie?a. Eco/aiea ie?a ia?aie/eeinue au oieueei oaie yaeaieyie e
/a?oaie, eioi?ua caeiaee?iaaiu a iaoai ycuea e aiciiaeiinoue iaiaia
ciaieyie auea au anee ia eneeth/aia, oi aanueia ia?aie/aia.

Iiaeiaioth eiioeaioeeth iiaeii inii?eoue, ?anniao?eaay oa aniaeou ycuea,
eioi?ua, ii iiaieth Oi?oa, ieacuaatho aeeyiea ia iiciaiea e aini?eyoea.
Ia?aue aniaeo eanaaony aii?ina i oii, eaeei ia?acii ioaeaeueiua iiiyoey
ycuea eeanneoeoee?otho ie?oaeathuee ie? (neiaa?ue eee eaeneea ycuea).
Aoi?ie aniaeo- i?aaeea eiiaeie?iaaiey iniiaiuo cia/aueo aaeeieoe ycuea,
eee a?aiiaoeea. Iiyoue aea ii iiaieth Oi?oa, yoe aniaeou ycuea naycaiu
eae n iniaaiiinoyie eoeueoo?u ( iai?eia?, n ioiioaieai ei a?aiaie,
eaaioeoeeaoeee, eoae. a oie eee eiie eoeueoo?a), oae e n
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuie iniaaiiinoyie ) n i?ioeannaie aini?eyoey eee iuoeaiey
o ioaeaeueiiai /aeiaaea).

2. Eaeneea. Oeaaoiaia aini?eyoea .

Eeanne/aneei i?eia?ii oiai, /oi ?aciua ycuee ioee/athony ae?oa io
ae?oaa ii niiniao eeanneoeeaoeee aini?eieiaaiiai ie?a a eo neiaa?iii
caiana, iiaeao neoaeeoue oio oaeo, /oi ?aciua ycuee iaeaaeatho ?acee/iui
eiee/anoaii neia, iaicia/athueo oeaaoa, e auaeaeytho ?aciua o/anoee
oeaaoiaiai niaeo?a. Oaeaea iiaeii i?eaanoe i?eia?u eeiaaenoe/aneeo
?acee/ee a ycueao auoaoiiiyioouo oiie e yneeiinia.

*oi icia/atho oaeea eeiaaenoe/aneea ?acee/ey? Anee a eaeii-ieaoaeue
ycuea iao ioaeaeueiuo neia aeey iaicia/aiey ii?aaeaeaiiuo yaeaiee, oi
yoi iiaeao icia/aoue oi, /oi aiai?yuea ia yoii ycuea ethaee ia niiniaiu
auaeaeyoue yoe yaeaiey n?aaee inoaeueiuo.

Iaeioi?ua oaeou ycueiaiai iiaaaeaiey i?ioeai?a/ao oaceno Oi?oa i oii,
/oi ionoonoaea eee iaee/ea eaene/aneiai ?acee/aiey niioaaonoaoao ionoo-
noaeth eee iaee/eth ia?oeaioeaiiai eee iiiyoeeiiai ?acee/aiey. sscueiaia
iiaaaeaiea naiiai Oi?oa-aiciiaeiinoue ia?aaiaeeoue yneeiinneea neiaa,
iaic- ia/athuea niaa, n iiiiuueth aiaeeeneeo
neiaini/aoaiee-naeaeaoaeuenoaoao ia ia?aoiii.. ia niio?y ia oi, /oi
eiiaaea iaeuecy neiai a neiai ia?aaiaeeoue n iaeiiai ycuea ia ae?oaie e
/anoi i?e ia?aaiaea i?ienoiaeyo ecaanoiua iioa?e, oaeo nio?aiaiey e
au?aaeaiey oioy au iaeioi?ie /anoe cia/aiey i?eaeiaea i?e ia?aaiaea
aiai?eo i?ioea aeanoeiai ioiaeaeanoaeaiey neiaaniuo eaoaai?ee n
eaoaai?eyie iuoeaiey.

Ia iniiaa iiaeiaiuo enneaaeiaaiee ycueia eeiaaena *a?euec Oieeao (1954 ,
no?. 122) caeaeae auaiae, /oi iaeaieaa aa?iia ?aoaiea aii?ina i
eaene/aneeo ?acee/eyo iiaeii noi?ioee?iaaoue neaaeothuei ia?acii: ycuee
ioee/athony ae?oa io ae?oaa ia noieueei oai, /oi a ieo iiaeii au?aceoue,
neieueei oai, /oi a ieo eaa/a au?aceoue.

A?aoi e Eaiiaaa?a ( 1954) , aaoi?u iaeiiai ec ia?auo enneaaeiaaiee a
yoie iaeanoe, i?aaeiieiaeeee, /oi noaiaiue eaaeinoe au?aaeaiey
ii?aaeaeaiiiai ?acee/aiey a oii eee eiii ycuea niioaaonoaoao /anoioa
neo/aaa, eiaaea a iauaeaiiie aeecie iaiaoiaeeii i?iaiaeeoue
niioaaonoaothuaa ia?oeaioeaiia ?acee/aiea. Iai?eia?, yneeiinu iinoiyiii
aeieaeiu noaeeoue i niaaa, a oi a?aiy, eae aia?eeaioeu ano?a/athony n
oaeei yaeaieai a ?aaeeeo neo/ayo. Niioaaonoaaiii, ionthaea neaaeoao,
/oi /ai eaa/a neiaanii iaicia/aoue oa eee eiua ia?oeaioeaiua eaoaai?ee,
oai n aieueoae eaaeinoueth eo aiciiaeii i?eiaieoue a ?acee/iuo
iiciaaaoaeueiuo aeaenoaeyo e i?ioeannao.

N?aaee ?acee/iuo iaeanoae aini?eyoey enneaaeiaaoaee A?aoi e Eaiiaaa?a
eca?aee oeaaoiaia aini?eyoea. Oaeie auai? iiaeii iioeae?iaaoue ia
oieueei oai, /oi iiaeiaiue iaueaeo enneaaeiaaiey yaeyaony eeanne/aneei,
ii e oai, /oi oeaaoiaia i?ino?ainoai oaeiaii enneaaeiaaoue iioiio, /oi
iii en/a?iuaath- ua ea?oia?aoe?iaaii e ecia?aii, a iai auaeaeaiu
oece/aneea ia?aiao?u, n eioi?uie iiaeii niioiineoue ?acee/iua nenoaiu
oeaaoiauo iaicia/aiee. A oeaaoiaii i?ino?ainoaa a iai?a?uaiuo
a?aaeaoeeyo i?aaenoaaeaiu o?e oece- /aneeo ia?aiao?a, ii eioi?ui oeaaoa
ioee/athony ae?oa io ae?oaa- oii, y?einoue e ianuuaiiinoue. Yoe
a?aaeaoeee i?iecaieueii ?acaeou ycueii ia ii?aaeaeai- iua io?acee, /oi
iicaieyao n/eoaoue iaeiaiue neo/ae eaeaaeueiie eeethno?aoeeae iauae
eiioeaioeee aeiioacu Oi?oa i niioiioaiee iaaeaeo ycueii e
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth.

Ec iiciaaaoaeueiuo i?ioeannia aeey yenia?eiaioa auea eca?aia iaiyoue.
Aaoi?u niioiineee aa n eaaeinoueth iaicia/aiey eee eiaee?oaiinoueth a
ea/anoaa ycueiaie ia?aiaiiie. I?e/eia yoiai auai?a, ii iiaieth
ennea-iaaoaeae, ninoieo a oii, /oi caiiieiaiea oeaaoa io/anoe ninoieo a
caiiieia- iee aai iacaaiey. A oaeii neo/aa, oeaaoa, eioi?ua iiaoo auoue
eaaei e aaeaeaaoii iacaaiu, aeieaeiu caiiieiaoueny eo/oa oao, eioi?ua
o?oaeii neiaanii iaicia/eoue.

Iiaeiaiue yenia?eiaio aue i?iaaaeai n eniuooaiuie, aiai?yueie ia
aiaeeeneii ycuea. Aaoi?u enoiaeeee ec i?aaeiieiaeaiey, /oi ioiioaiea
iaaeaeo eiaee?oaiinoueth e caiiieiaieai iaeeiaeiai ia anao ycueao.
Eniuooa- iui ii iaeiie iieacuaaee 24 oeaaoiua oeoee, eo caaea/a ninoiyea
a oii, /oiau eae iiaeii auno?aa iacaaoue oeaao eaaeaeie ec ieo. A
?acoeueoaoa auei onoaiiaeaia neaaeothuay caeiiiia?iinoue: /ai aeeeiiaa
iacaaiea oeaaoa, oai aeieueoa a?aiaie o?aaiaaeinue aeey aai
eaeaioeoeeaoeee e oai iaiueoa niioaao- noaea iaaeaeo ioaaoaie ?acee/iuo
eniuooaiuo.

Aeey oiai, /oiau auynieoue naycue iaaeaeo eiaee?oaiinoueth e
caiiieiaieai, n ae?oaie a?oiiie eniuooaiuo aue iinoaaeai yenia?eiaio ia
ociaaaiea. Eniuooaiue aeieaeai a oa/aiea iyoe naeoiae ?anniao?eaae 4 ec
24 oeaaoiuo oeoae. Iinea yoiai oeoee oae?aeenue, e eniuooaiue aeieaeai
aue iaeoe niioaaonoaothuea oeaaoa n?aaee 120 ?acee/iuo oeaaoia. Ca
iieacaoaeue ociaaa- iey i?eieiaeinue /enei i?aaeeueiuo eaeaioeoeeaoeee.
I?e oaeeo oneiaeyo yenia?eiaioa iaia?oaeeeanue neaaay naycue iaaeaeo
eiaee?oaiinoueth (niaeaneai a iacuaaiee ii?aaeaeaiiiai oeaaoa) e aai
ociaaaieai.. eiaaea caaea/o iaeaa/eee, i?aaeueyaeyy aeey ociaaaiey
oieueei iaeio oeoeo, oi naycue iaaeaeo c?eoaeueiui ?acee/aieai e
ociaaaieai ieacaeanue cia/eoaeueiie, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i
nouanoaiaaiee oaniie nayce iaaeaeo noeioeii e iaiyoueth, a ia ycueii e
iaiyoueth. A naiia iineaaeiaa a?aiy aeiioaca eeiaaenoe/aneie
ioiineoaeue- iinoe a iaeanoe aini?eyoey oeaaoa ia/eiaao iiaeaa?aaoueny
niiiaieth. A oa/aiea aeieaiai a?aiaie oeaaoiaia i?ino?ainoai
?anniao?eaaeinue a ea/anoaa iaueaeoa, eioi?ue oa?aeoa?ecoaony
?aaiiia?iuie oece/aneeie aa?eaoeeyie e eaaeaeui ec ycueia i?iecaieueii
?acaeaaaony ia io?acee, niioaaonoaothuea oeaaoiaui eaoaai?eyi,
nouanoaothuei a yoeo ycueao.. Enneaaeiaaiea, i?iaaaeaiiia aeaoiy
aio?iiieiaai ( Berlin, Kay, 1969), iieacaei, /oi oaeia i?aaenoaaeaiea
iaaa?ii. Yenia?eiaio ninoiye a oii, /oi ethaee ec ?acee/iuo ycueiauo
a?oii aeieaeiu auee ec iaai?a oeaaoiauo oeoae aua?aoue oa, eioi?ua eo/oa
anaai niioaaonoaotho ycueiaui eaoaai?eyi eo ycueia, a oaeaea oeacaoue
ana oeoee, eioi?ua iiaoo auoue iacaaiu yoeie neiaaie. A ?acoeueoaoa
aua?aiiua eniuooaiuie ”oieoniua oeaaoa” (Aa?eei/Eye) ieacaeenue iaeieie
e oaie aea, ia niio?y ia oi, /oi a?aieoeu oeaaoiauo iaicia/aiee ia
niaiaaeaee.

Oieoniua oeaaoa ( caeanue e aeaeaa aac eaau/ae) ieacaeenue ia neo/aeii
?ani?a- aeaeaiiuie ii anaio iaai?o oeaaoia, a aonoi na?oiie?iaaiiuie
aie?oa iniiaiuo oeaaoia : ainueie o?iiaoe/aneeo e o?ao ao?iiaoe/aneeo.:

E?aniue( red) Aaeue ( white)

aeaeoue ( yellow) na?ue ( grey)

caeaiue ( green) /a?iue ( black)

neiee ( blue)

ei?e/iaaue ( brown)

i?aiaeaaue ( orange)

?iciaue ( pink)

oeieaoiaue ( purple)

Ii iiaieth Aa?eeia/ Eyy , iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi i?e
?anniio?aiee ycueiaiai eiaee?iaaiey oeaaoia ?aiaa iau/ii
iiae/a?eeaaeenue i?aaeaea anaai iaaeeoeueoo?iua ?acee/ey, iioiio /oi
enneaaeiaaoaee caieiaeenue eco/aieai ?acee/ee a?aieoe iaaeaeo oeaaoaie,
a ia oieaa?naeueiuie oieoniuie oeaaoaie.

3. A?aiiaoeea.

sscuee ioee/athony ae?oa io ae?oaa oai, eae eo neiaa?e eeanneoeoee?otho
ie?, ii oaeaea e ?aciuie niiniaaie eiiaeie?iaaiey ioaeaeueiuo cia/aueo
aaeeieoe. Yoe aeaeu eiiaeie?iaaiey, ii iiaieth A. Oi?oa, aanniciaoaeueii
io?aaeatho e ii?aaeaeytho oi i?aaenoaaeaiea, eioi?ia i ?aaeueiinoe eiaao
aeaiiay ycueiaay a?oiia. Iai?eia?, aiaeeeneea aeaaieu i?eieiatho ?aciua
oi?iu niioaaonoaaiii a?aiaiiui ?acee/eyi- i?ioeia, ianoiyuaa e aoaeouaa.
Yoi iayaoaeueiia oeacaiea a?aiaie niioaaonoaoao i?aaenoaaeaieth i
a?aiaie eae i aaneiia/iie eeiee, naienoaaiiii aieueoeinoao aa?iiaeneeo
eoeueoo?, a oaeaea ia ecia?aiee a?aiaie iin?aaenoaii /ania e
eaeaiaea?ae.

Iai?ioea, a ycuea eiaeaeneiai ieaiaie aeioo ( Eaeeoi?iey) aeaaieu
?acee/athony ii noaiaie aeinoiaa?iinoe aeaenoaey, eioi?ia iie
au?aaeatho. Eiaaea ?a/ue eaeao i niauoee, ecaanoiii n /oaeeo neia, oi
oiio?aaeyaony iaeei aeaaie, eiaaea aea nai aiai?yuee aue naeaeaoaeai
niauoey, oi oiio?aaeyaony ae?oaie, ia iaeiiei?aiiie, a oieueei
neiiieie/iue. Oaeei ia?acii, naeaeaoaeue i?anooieaiey ” oneuoeo”
auno?ae n iiiiuueth neiaa, ioee/iiai io oiai, eioi?ui yoi naeaeaao
iieeoeaeneee, aaaeouee i?ioieie.

Oi?o e ae?oaea aaoi?u, iiaeaea?aeeaathuea aai oi/eo c?aiey, eiatho
neeiiiinoue oaaaeaeaoue a oii, /oi ycueiaua eaoaai?ee ieacuaatho
iaecaaaeiia aeeyiea ia iuoeaiea /aeiaaea, ii i iuoeaiee iiyoue aea
noaeyo ia iniiaa ycueiauo i?aaenoaaeaieyo e eaoaai?eyo. Iacaaeneiuo io
ycuea aeaiiuo i iiciaaaoaeueiuo i?ioeannao ia i?aaeeaaaaony. Oaeei
ia?acii, i?eoiaeeony noaeeoue i i?ioeannao iuoeaiey ia iniiaa iaueo
oa?aeoa?enoee eoeueoo?u, cia/aiea eioi?uo iiaeii enoieeiaaoue ii
?aciiio, eeai ia iniiaa eaeeo-eeai ae?oaeo ycueiauo aeaiiuo, eioi?ua
i?aaeiieiaeeoaeueii eiatho ioiioa- iea e iiciaaaoaeueiui i?ioeannai..

4. Eeiaaenoe/aneea oieaa?naeee.

Nouanoaotho iaeioi?ua i?aaeiieiaeaiey i iaee/ee iaeioi?uo niiniaia
eiaee?iaaiey iiuoa, eioi?ua yaeythony iaueie aeey anao ycueia, ia niio?y
ia eo ?aciiiia?acea. Yoe i?aaeiieiaeaiey ninoaaeytho aeiioaco i
eeiaaenoe/aneeo oieaa?naeeyo.

Oiiiyiooay auoa aeiioaca Oi?oa eiaao ioiioaiea aeaaiui ia?acii e oiio,
eae ycue eeanneoeoee?oao aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue, ia /oi ii oeacuaaao
(aeaii- oaoeaiia cia/aiea). I?e yoii nouanoaoao ae?oaie aniaeo ycuea,
au?aaeath- uee ea/anoaa iiuoa-/oanoaa, ia?acu e ioiioaiey, eioi?ua
aucuaathony neiaaie, oi anoue eiiiioaoeaiia cia/aiea ycuea.

Eco/aieth oieaa?naeueiinoe eiiiioaoeaiiai cia/aiey ycuea iinayuaii iaeii
ec naiuo iaoe?iuo enneaaeiaaieee iaaeaeo ycueii e iuoeaieai. (Osgood,
1963,p.320). Auee enneaaeiaaiu nenoaiu aooaeoeaiuo cia/aiee i?e iiiiue
niaoeeaeueiiai iaoiaea ecia?aiey- naiaioe/aneiai aeeooa?aioeeaea.

Iniiaiie yenia?eiaioaeueiue i?eai caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi eniuooaiiio
i?aaeeaaaaony nienie ?acee/iuo eiai nouanoaeoaeueiuo. Caoai aeaaony
nienie ii?aaeaeeoaeae-aioiieiia (i?eeaaaoaeueiua: a i?eaeiaea
yenia?eiaio i?iai- aeeeny ia aiaeeeneii ycuea, a eioi?ii a ea/anoaa
ii?aaeaeeoaeae aunooiatho i?eeaaaoaeueiua), iai?eia?: oi?ioee-ieioie,
ai?y/ee-oieiaeiue. Caaea/a en- iuooaiiai ninoiyea a oii, /oiau ioeaieoue
eaaeaeia iiiyoea n oi/ee c?aiey eaaeaeie ia?u ii?aaeaeeoaeae ii
naieaaeeueiie nenoaia iiaeiaiui ia?acii: 1 icia/aao iaeaunooth ioeaieo a
iieueco eaaiai /eaia aeaiiie ia?u ii?aaeaeeoa- eae (a ia?aii i?eia?a-
oi?ioee), a 7-iaeaunooth ioeaieo a iieueco i?aaiai /eaia (a neo/aa
ia?aiai i?eia?a-ieioie), inoaeueiua ioeaiee caieiatho i?i- iaaeooi/iia
iieiaeaiea. A ?acoeueoaoa oaeoi?iuo enneaaeiaaiee, i?iaaaeaiiuo n
aia?eeaineeie eniuooaiuie, aiai?yueie ia aiaeeeneii ycuea, auei on-
oaiiaeaii neaaeothuaa: iieo/aiiua aeaiiua iiaeii iienuaaoue a oa?ieiao
o?ao iniiaiuo oaeoi?ia, eee ecia?aiee cia/aiey: oaeoi?a ioeaiee (oi?i-
oee-ieioie), oaeoi?a neeu (neeueiue-neaaue) e oaeoi?a aeoeaiinoe (auno-
?ue-iaaeeaiiue). I?e yoii aicieeea i?iaeaia: naienoaaiia ee yoa naiaioe-
/aneay noaia eeoue aiaeiaiai?yuei aia?eeaioeai, eee iia i?enoua anai
ethaeyi, aia caaeneiinoe io eo eoeueoo?u e ycuea.

Aeey ?aoaiey yoiai aii?ina eeiaaenoaie aue ninoaaeai nienie noa iiiyoee,
ciaeiiuo anai ethaeyi iiiyoee, aua?aiiuo n oi/ee c?aiey aaeaeaaoiinoe
anai eoeueoo?ai, a eioi?uo i?iaiaeeeinue coi enneaaeiaaiea. Nienie aue
ia?aaaaeai ia niioaaonoaothuea ycuee, e aeaeaa yenia?eiaio i?ioaeae ia
yoeo ycueao, n ethaeueie, aiai?eaoeie ia ieo.

Ia?u yoeo ii?aaeaeeoaeae auee auyniaiu a eaaeaeie no?aia i?e ?aaioa n
a?oiiaie nooaeaioia, ia iniiaa ioaaoia eioi?uo auee iino?iaiu oeaeu
ioeaiee. Iinea yoiai iiaui a?oiiai eniuooaiuo auei i?aaeeiaeaii
ioeaieoue oiiiyiooua noi ii?aaeaeeoaeae ii yoei oeaeai..

?acoeueoao yoeo enneaaeiaaiee iieacae, /oi no?oeoo?a eiiiioaoeaiiai
cia/a- iey neia iaeeiaeiaa ai anao ycueao, a oi a?aiy eae eiiiioaoeaiua
cia/aiey eiie?aoiuo iiiyoee a ?aciuo eoeueoo?ao ?acee/iu. Yoe o?e
ecia?aiey-ioeaiea, neea e aeoeaiinoue oa?aeoa?ecotho ioeaii/iua
noaeaeaiey eniuooaiuo ai anao enneaaeiaaiiuo ycueao, oioy a ?acee/iuo
eoeueoo?ao ioaeaeueiua iiiy- oey ii yoei naiaioe/aneei oaeoi?ai
ioeaieaathony ii ?aciiio. Aaoi?u enneaaeiaaiey neeiiiu iioeae?iaaoue
iiaeiaioth noiaeanoue oai, /oi nicaeaiiua oeaeu ?aaeno?e?otho yiioeee,
naycaiiua n aooaeoeaiie ia?aiie nenoaiie, eioi?ay o anao ethaeae
aeieiae/anee iaeeiaeiaie.

Aieueoia eiee/anoai yenia?eiaioia oaeaea auei i?iaaaeaii aeey eco/aiey
aua iaeiiai yaeaiey, ecaanoiiai iiae iacaaieai oiiaoe/aneiai
neiaieecia.-niioaaonoaea iaaeaeo caoeiaie oi?iie neiaa e aai cia/aiey. A
yoi iiiyoea aoiaeeo eae oae iacuaaaiia caoeiiiae?aaeaiea, oae e ae?oaea
aeaeu eeiaaenoe- /aneeo oieaa?naeee.

Iiaeii i?eaanoe oaeea i?eia?u oiiaoe/aneiai neiaieecia: cayeaiuea eoaeea
eueaea a aieaea (tinkle) e a?ii aa?aaaia a i?eano?a (boom). Yoe
nei-aaniua au?aaeaiey naiei cao/aieai iiiiaatho ia?aaeaoue iaeioi?ua
naienoaa eo ?aoa?aioia.

Yenia?eiaio ii onoaiiaeaieth iaee/ey oiiaoe/aneiai neiaieecia a ?aciuo
ycueao i?iaiaeeeny neaaeothuei ia?acii.. 21 ia?a aiaeeeneeo
neia-aioiieiia (oaieue-oieiaeiue, oyaeaeue-eaaeee) auee ia?aaaaeaiu ia
eeoaeneee, /aoneee e oeiaee e i?aaeeiaeaiu aia?eeaineei nooaeaioai, ia
ciaaoei yoeo ycueia. Eniuooaiui aue niiauai i?eciae, ii eioi?iio neiaa
ioee/aeenue ae?oa io ae?oaa e aeaii caaeaiea ii?aaeaeeoue, /oi icia/aao
oi eee eiia neiai. A ?acoeueoaoa n ii?aaeaeaiiie noaiaiueth aa?iyoiinoe
nooaeaiou niiaee ?acee/eoue cia/aiey iiiyoee.

Iai?eia?, eiaaea nooaeaioai auea aeaia ia?a aioiieiia oyaeaeue-eaaeee ia
eeoaeneii ycuea ( niioaaonoaaiii ch`ung e ch`ing) , oi eniuooaiua auee
neeiiiu i?aaeeueii ioaa/aoue, /oi ch`ing -eaaeee.

?acoeueoaou aiaeiae/iuo yenia?eiaioia, a eioi?uo eniieueciaaeenue ia?u
neia ia ?acee/iuo ycueao e ?acee/iua niiniau i?aaeueyaeaiey neia,
aiai?yo i oii, /oi eniuooaiua naycuaatho neiaa n eo cao/aieai aeaaea a
oao neo/ayo, eiaaea a ia?a neiai eaaeee auei ia eeoaeneii, a oyaeaeue ia
/aoneii.. (Klank, Huang, Johnson, 1971 p. 142 ). Aua iaeei i?eia?
caoeiaiai iuoua- iey iaoiaeei o eeiaaenoa *oeianeiai. Eiaaea ?aaaiea
ni?ineee, eoi oaeie Aa?aeaaeui e eoi oaeie Ieeeooa/ea (acyo
i?iecaieueiue iaai? caoeia), aue iieo/ai ioaao, /oi Ieeeooa/ea yoi
eoi-oi ” iaeaiueeee e oi?ioaiueeee”, a Aa?aeaaeui- ”aieueoie, ceie e
a?aieo”. ( E. *oeianeee. Io aeaoo aei iyoe. 1937,no? 211-212.)

Iaeioi?ua aeaiiua aiai?yo i oii, /oi iaaeaeo aeaniuie caoeaie e
cia/aiey- ie neia, oeacuaathueie ia aaee/eio, eiaaony naycue: auei
iaia?oaeaii, /oi e a eeoaeneii ,e a aiaeeeneii ycueao aunieea ia?aaeaea
aeaniua /aua ano?a/athony a neiaao, au?aaeathueo iaeua ?acia?u.
Niioaaonoaaiii, caaeiea ieceea aeaniua -a neiaao, au?aaeathueo aieueoea
?acia?u.

A oeaeii, ?aaiou, iinayuaiiua naiaioe/aneiio aeeooa?aioeeaeo,
neianoacee, iaoaoi?a e oiiaoe/aneiio neiaieecio aanueia oaaaeeoaeueii
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i oii, /oi iaeioi?ua noi?iiu iiuoa iieo/atho
iaeeiaeiaia au?aaeaiea a ?acee/iuo ycueao e eoeueoo?ao, eae au iie ia
ioee/aeenue ae?oa io ae?oaa a eiuo ioiioaieyo.

5. ?acthia.

I?iaaaeaiiue auoa iaci? yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaiiuo, ioiinyueony e
aeiioaca Oi?oa, noaaeo iiae niiiaiea ethaoth neeueioth aa?neth aeiioacu
i nouanoaiaaiey eeiaaenoe/aneie ioiineoaeueiinoe. Iaeiaei, ia niio?y ia
iaaeinoaoi/iinoue niioaaonoaothueo aeaiiuo, iieiia io?eoeaiea iaee/ey
eeia- aenoe/aneie ioiineoaeueiinoe iaeiae/ii. Nouanoaotho iaeioi?ua
i?e/eiu, canoaaeythuea inoaaeoue yoio aii?in ioe?uoui.

Ai-ia?auo, neaaeoao ia?aoeoue aieiaiea ia ia?aie/aiiinoue
yenia?eiaioaeue- iuo i?eaiia, eniieueciaaiiuo i?e i?iaa?ea aeiioacu
Oi?oa. Ia niio?y ia oi, /oi aeey enneaaeiaaiey eeiaaenoe/aneie
ioiineoaeueiinoe ia iaoa?eaea eiaiii oeaaoiaiai aini?eyoey eiaeenue
aanueia na?ueaciua iniiaaiey, iiaeiaiay no?aoaaey ioithaeue ia auea
eaeaaeueiie. Aanueia aa?iyoii, /oi aeeyiea ia?oeaioeaiiai iiuoa a
aieueoie ia?a caaeneo io ii?aaeaeaiiuo y?ei au?aaeaiiuo e iaeciaiiuo
naienoa noeioeia e iaei /oanoaeoaeueii ii ioiioaieth e ?aciiia?aceth,
aaiaeeiiio ycueii.. caeanue eiathony a aeaeo oaeea yaeaiey, eae,
iai?eia?, nioeeaeueiua ?iee : i?eciaee, ii?aaeaeythuea eaoaai?ee
ethaeae, onoaiaaeeaathony ia i?e?iaeie, a eoeueoo?ie- a ioee/ee io
e?eoa?eaa, ii?aaeaeythueo oeaaoa. A noa?a eaeaieiaee e aeooiaiie
eoeueoo?u iiiyoe i?eia?aoatho naia cia/aiea a aieueoae ia?a aeaaiaea?y
oiio, /oi iie aeeth/aiu a neiaaniua iaueynieoaeueiua nenoaiu.. eiaiii
caeanue ycue iiaeao ea?aoue aaaeiaeooth ?ieue a ii?aaeaeaiee
i?aaenoaaeaiee i ie?a, ieacuaaoue aeeyiea ia i?ioeannu iaiyoe e iuoeaiey
/aeiaaea, niinianoaiaaoue iiieiaieth e iaiiieiaieth ae?oaeo eoeueoo?.

Ai-aoi?uo, aeaiiino?aoeey oieaa?naeueiinoe ioiioaiee iaaeaeo
ioaeaeueiuie aniaeoaie ycuea e iiciaaaoaeueiuie i?ioeannaie ioithaeue ia
nieiaao i?iaeaiu iaaeeoeueoo?iuo ?acee/ee. A oii, /oi a ethaie iaeanoe
/aeiaa/an- eiai iiuoa nouanoaotho eae oieaa?naeee, oae e ?acee/ey
(ioiineoaeueiinoe), ia iaycaoaeueii neaaeoao oniao?eaaoue ia?aaeien.. A
oiaea ana aic?anoathuaai eiee/anoaa enneaaeiaaiee acaeiiioiioaiee
iaaeaeo ycueii e iuoeaieai iaia?oaeeaaaony iiiaiia?acea e neiaeiinoue
iiaeiaiuo acaeiiioiioaiee. Eo iiieiaiea aoaeao oaaee/eaaoueny ii ia?a
oiai, eae oai?aoe/aneea e iaaeeoeue- oo?iua enneaaeiaaiey aoaeoo
?ane?uaaoue oieaa?naeueiua e /anoiua aniaeou yoeo ?aciiia?aciuo
ioiioaiee.

A-o?aoueeo, oioy i?aaeiieiaeaiey Oi?oa i aeeyiee ii?aaeaeaiiuo aniaeoia
ycuea ia iiciaaaoaeueiua i?ioeannu, a ianoiyuaa a?aiy nouanoaotho aieaa
ia?niaeoeaiua iooe aeey enneaaeiaaiey yoie eeanne/aneie i?iaeaiu. I?e
enneaaeiaaiee yenia?eiaioia A?aoia e Eaiiaaa?aa, iai?aaeaiiuo ia auynia-
iea nayce iaaeaeo eiaee?oaiinoueth oeaaoia e eo caiiieiaieai, iiaeii
ioiaoeoue, /oi i?aaeiieaaaaiia aeeyiea ycuea i?iyaeyaony oieueei a
i?ioeanna ii?aaeaeaiiie aa?aaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe eniuooaiiai. Ieeoi ec
enneaaeiaa- oaeae ia n/eoaao, /oi oi/iinoue ociaaaiey caaeneo io neia
eae noaoe/aneeo iineoaeae eioi?iaoeee- auei iiae/a?eiooi oi, /oi
eniuooaiue aeaeae ni neiaaie. Yoe iaaethaeaiey i?eaaee e auaiaeo, /oi
aeey iiciaaaoaeueiuo i?ioeannia iiaoo eiaoue aaaeiia cia/aiea ?acee/ey a
eniieueciaaiee ycuea. A iineaaeiaa a?aiy yoe ?acee/ey oaeaea noaee
iaueaeoii aieaa oaeoaeaiiiai eco/aiey.

Iiaeaiaey eoia, iiaeii neacaoue, /oi ycue iaeuecy iiiyoue aia oao
ooieoeee, eioi?ue ii auiieiyao eae n?aaenoai /aeiaa/aneie eiiioieeaoeee,
caaenyuae io nioeeaeueiiai eiioaenoa, a eioi?ii iia inouanoaeyaony.

PAGE

PAGE 8

Filozofijas referats

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2019