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Развитие творческой личности ребенка на уроке музыки

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Ioieoeeiaeueiue ia?aciaaoaeueiue eeoeae

eiaie 60-eaoey Eaieineiai eiiniiiea

?AOA?AO IA OAIO:

“?ACAEOEA OAI?*ANEIE EE*IINOE

?AAAIEA IA O?IEA IOCUEE.”

AAOI?: Eaaiia E.E., o/eoaeue iocuee

AeAAEC: “?aaaiie, eniuoaaoee ?aaeinoue oai?/anoaa aeaaea a naiie
ieieiaeueiie noaiaie, noaiiaeony ae?oaei, /ai ?aaaiie, iiae?aaeathuee
aeoai ae?oaeo.”

A.Anaoueaa

Iin. I?EIENE,

1996.

NIAeA?AEAIEA.

Aaaaeaiea 2

Iiiyoea i ?acaeoee ee/iinoe 4

Ia eneonnoaa aanoe o?ie 5

Oai?/anoai o/eoaey e o/aieea (ec iiuoa ?aaiou) 7

Neooaiea iocuee 9

Iocuea – aeaoe – o/eoaeue 11

Iaiea eae ninoiyiea aeooe 13

Eii?iaecaoeey 15

Ieanoe/aneia eioiie?iaaiea 16

Eino?oiaioaeueiia ioceoee?iaaiea 18

O?ie iocuee – enoi/iee aeey iocueaeueii-oai?/aneie

aeayoaeueiinoe o/eoaey e o/aueony 19

Caeeth/aiea 20

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u 21

AAAAeAIEA.

“?aaaiie, eniuoaaoee ?aaeinoue oai?/anoaa aeaaea a naiie ieieiaeueiie
noaiaie, noaiiaeony ae?oaei, /ai ?aaaiie, iiae?aaeathuee aeoai ae?oaeo.”

A.Anaoueaa

Iiiai oaeaioa, oia e yia?aee aeiaeeee a ?ac?aaioeo iaaeaaiae/aneeo
i?iaeai, naycaiiuo n oai?/aneei ?acaeoeai ee/iinoe, a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue
ee/iinoe ?aaaiea, iiae?inoea, auaeathueany iaaeaaiae 20-o e 30-o aiaeia:
A.A.Eoia/a?neee, I.I.Aeiineee, N.O.Oaoeeee, A.E.ssai?neee, A.A.Anaoueaa,
I.ss.A?thniaa. Iie?aynue ia eo iiuo, iaiaauaiiue iieoaaeiaui ?acaeoeai
iaoee ia iao/aiee e ainieoaiee aeaoae, eo/oea iaaeaaiae ai aeaaa ni
“noa?aeoeiaie” – A.I.Oaoeeie, I.E.A?iaecaineie, I.A.?oia?, A.E.?ioaeai,
I.E.Naoe i?iaeieaeaee e i?iaeieaeatho oai?aoe/anee e i?aeoe/anee
?acaeaaoue i?eioeei oai?/aneiai ?acaeoey aeaoae e thiioanoaa.

Oai?/aneia ia/aei ?iaeaeaao a ?aaaiea aeeaoth oaioaceth, aeeaia
aiia?aaeaiea. Oai?/anoai ii i?e?iaea naiae iniiaaii ia aeaeaiee
naeaeaoue /oi-oi, /oi aei oaay aua ieeai ia auei naeaeaii, eee oioy oi,
/oi aei oaay nouanoaiaaei, naeaeaoue ii-iiaiio, ii-naiaio, eo/oa. Eia/a
aiai?y, oai?/aneia ia/aei a /aeiaaea – yoi anaaaea no?aieaiea aia?aae, e
eo/oaio, e i?ia?anno, e niaa?oainoao e, eiia/ii, e i?ae?aniiio a naiii
aunieii e oe?ieii niunea yoiai iiiyoey.

Aio oaeia oai?/aneia ia/aei eneonnoai e ainieouaaao a /aeiaaea, e a yoie
naiae ooieoeee iii ie/ai ia iiaeao auoue caiaiaii. Ii naiae
oaeeaeoaeueiie niiniaiinoe aucuaaoue a /aeiaaea oai?/aneoth oaioaceth
iii caieiaao, aaconeiaii, ia?aia ianoi n?aaee anao iiiaiia?aciuo
yeaiaioia, ninoaaeythueo neiaeioth nenoaio ainieoaiey /aeiaaea. A aac
oai?/aneie oaioacee ia naeaeiooueny n ianoa ie a iaeiie iaeanoe
/aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Ia?aaeei io ?iaeeoaeae e aeaaea io o/eoaeae-ainieoaoaeae iiaeii
oneuoaoue oaeea neiaa: “Io ca/ai ii o?aoeo aei?iaia a?aiy ia ni/eiaiea
noeoia – o iaai aaaeue iao ieeaeiai iiyoe/aneiai aea?a! Ca/ai ii ?enoao
– ec iaai aaaeue ana ?aaii ooaeiaeiee ia iieo/eony! A aeey /aai ii
iuoaaony ni/eiyoue eaeoth-oi iocueo – aaaeue yoi ia iocuea, a /aiooa
eaeay-oi iieo/aaony!..”

Eaeia ai anao yoeo neiaao ia?iiiia iaaeaaiae/aneia caaeoaeaeaiea! A
?aaaiea iaaei iaycaoaeueii iiaeaea?aeeaaoue ethaia aai no?aieaiea e
oai?/anoao, eaeeie au iaeaiuie e ianiaa?oaiiuie ie auee ?acoeueoaou yoeo
no?aieaiee. Naaiaeiy ii ieoao ianeeaaeiua iaeiaeee, ia oiay
nii?iaiaeeoue eo aeaaea naiui i?inoaeoei aeeiiiaiaiaioii; ni/eiyao
noeoe, a eioi?uo ei?yaua ?eoiu niioaaonoaotho ei?yainoyi ?eoiia e iao?a;
?enoao ea?oeiee, ia eioi?uo ecia?aaeaiu eaeea-oi oaioanoe/aneea nouanoaa
aac ?oe e n iaeiie iiaie…

Oieueei ia acaeoiaeoa iiniayoueny iaae yoeie i?iyaeaieyie aeaoneiai
oai?/anoaa, eaeeie au niaoiuie iie aai ia iieacaeenue. Yoi auei au naiie
aieueoie aaoae iaaeaaiae/aneie ioeaeie, eaeoth oieueei iiaeii niaa?oeoue
a aeaiiii neo/aa. Aaaeue ca anaie yoeie iaeaiinoyie, ianeeaaeiinoyie e
ei?yainoyie e?ithony ene?aiiea e iioiio naiua enoeiiua oai?/aneea
ono?aieaiey ?aaaiea, naiua iiaeeeiiua i?iyaeaiey aai o?oieeo /oanoa e
ianoi?ie?iaaaoeony aua iuneae.

Ii, iiaeao auoue, ia noaiao ie ooaeiaeieeii, ie iocueaioii, ie iiyoii
(oioy a ?aiiai aic?anoa yoi i/aiue o?oaeii i?aaeaeaeaoue), ii,
aiciiaeii, noaiao ioee/iui iaoaiaoeeii, a?a/ii, o/eoaeai eee ?aai/ei, e
aio oiaaea naiui aeaaioai?iui ia?acii aeaaeoo i naaa ciaoue aai aeaoneea
oai?/aneea oaea/aiey, aeia?ui neaaeii eioi?uo inoaiaony aai oai?/aneay
oaioacey, aai no?aieaiea nicaeaaaoue /oi-oi iiaia, naia, eo/oaa,
aeaeaathuaa aia?aae aeaei, eioi?iio ii ?aoee iinayoeoue naith aeeciue.

Ia ia?iiiie ?iee eneonnoaa, oai?/aneie oaioacee a ?acaeoee iao/iiai
iuoeaiey naeaeaoaeuenoaoao oioy au oio ii?aceoaeueiue oaeo, /oi
cia/eoaeueiay /anoue iao/ii-oaoie/aneeo i?iaeai auaeaeaaeanue nia?aa
eneonnoaii, a oaea iioii, /anoi /a?ac noieaoey e aeaaea ouny/aeaoey,
?aoaeanue iaoeie e oaoieeie.

?acaiai? i ainieoaiee a /aeiaaea oai?/aneiai ia/aea aaaeao ian e i/aiue
aaaeiie e aeooaeueiaeoae a iaoeo oneiaeyo i?iaeaia: i ?acee/ee iaaeaeo
niaoeeaeenoii-oai?oeii e niaoeeaeenoii-?aianeaiieeii. Yoa a aunoae
noaiaie aaaeiay i?iaeaia oaniaeoei ia?acii naycaia n i?iaeaiaie
ynoaoe/aneiai ainieoaiey.

Iiaeeeiiue niaoeeaeeno-oai?aoe ioee/aaony io ?yaeiaiai
niaoeeaeenoa-?aianeaiieea oai, /oi no?aieony nicaeaoue /oi-oi naa?o
oiai, /oi aio “ii eino?oeoeee” iieiaeaii nicaeaaaoue. ?aianeaiiee aea
oaeiaeaoai?yaony oai, /oi nicaeaao eeoue oi, /oi aio iieiaeaii –
“ionthaea e aeinthaea”. E aieueoaio e e eo/oaio ii ieeiaaea ia no?aieony
e ia oi/ao ia?aiaiyoue naay iiaeiaiuie no?aieaieyie. Aai iaeuecy
iaaeieoue a ieioie ?aaioa – aaaeue ii aeaeaao ana, /oi aio iieiaeaii, e,
iiaeao auoue, aeaaea oi?ioi aeaeaao. Ii oaeia, a iauai-oi oi?iaeueiia
ioiioaiea e naiaio o?oaeo, a eaeie au iaeanoe yoi ie auei, ia oieueei ia
aeaeaaao aeeciue aia?aae, ii aeaaea neoaeeo oi?iicii, iioiio /oi ii
ioiioaieth e aeecie noiyoue ia ianoa iaeuecy: iiaeii oieueei eee
aeaeaaoueny aia?aae, eee ionoaaaoue.

Iaee/ea eee ionoonoaea a /aeiaaea oai?/aneiai ia/aea, oai?/aneiai
ioiioaiey e naiaio o?oaeo e noaiiaeony oai aiaei?acaeaeii, eioi?ue
i?ioiaeeo iaaeaeo niaoeeaeenoii-oai?oeii e niaoeeaeenoii-?aianeaiieii.

Yoi iaiaoiaeeii iiae/a?eiooue ni anae yniinoueth, eai i?eoiaeeony
eiiaaea neuoaoue aieaa /ai no?aiiia iiaiea, aoaeoi nouanoaotho i?ioannee
“oai?/aneea” e i?ioannee “iaoai?/aneea”. Aaee/aeoaa caaeoaeaeaiea! E
caaeoaeaeaiea yoi ia i?aeoeea i?eaiaeeo /anoi e oiio, /oi /aeiaae,
caieiathueeny yeiau iaoai?/aneie ?aaioie, n/eoaao naay ai?aaa ia
oai?/anee ioiineony e naiaio o?oaeo.

ss ia ciath oaeie iaeanoe, oaeie i?ioannee, aaea iaeuecy auei au
i?iyaeoue oai?/aneia ia/aei. E eiaaea aiai?yo, /oi o/aueony –
auioneieeia iauaia?aciaaoaeueiie oeieu iaaei i?eaioe?iaaoue ia oo eee
eioth i?ioanneth, y aeoiath, caauaatho i aeaaiii: i oii, /oi n ia?aiai
eeanna oeieu iaaei aiooaoue o/aueiny iuneue, /oi iao ieioeo i?ioannee,
eae iao e i?ioannee iaoai?/aneeo, /oi, ?aaioay a ethaie i?ioannee,
eaaeaeue ec ieo niiaeao ioe?uoue iiaue, oioy au e iaeaiueeee ie?. A aio
anee aoaeao ?aaioaoue ii ?aianeaiiiio, ia oai?/anee, oi e a naiie
“oai?/aneie” i?ioannee ie/aai iooiiai ia nicaeano.

Iiyoiio aaaeiaeoay caaea/a ynoaoe/aneiai ainieoaiey a oeiea – ?acaeoea a
o/aueony oai?/aneiai ia/aea, a /ai au iii ia i?iyaeyeinue – a iaoaiaoeea
eee a iocuea, a oeceea eee a nii?oa, a iauanoaaiiie ?aaioa eee a oaonoaa
iaae ia?aieeannieeaie. Oai?/aneia ia/aei ea?aao ia?iiioth ?ieue a naieo
eeanniuo caiyoeyo. Yoi ciatho ana oi?ioea iaaeaaiae. Aaaeue oai, aaea
iiyaeyaony oai?/aneay eieoeeaoeaa, oai anaaaea aeinoeaaaony yeiiiiey nee
e a?aiaie e iaeiia?aiaiii iiauoaaony ?acoeueoao. Aio ii/aio ia i?aaae
o/eoaey, ianeeiiiua aaiaeeoue a eco/aiea i?aiiaeaaaaiuo eie i?aaeiaoia
yeaiaiou ynoaoeee, eneonnoaa, nnueaynue ia oi, /oi eo nianoaaiiay
iaa?ocea e iaa?ocea o/aueony e aac oiai neeoeii aaeeea. Yoe o/eoaey ia
iiieiatho, io eaeiai aeia?iai, uaae?iai e aa?iiai iiiiuieea iie oai
naiui ioeacuaathony.

Iiiyoea i ?acaeoee ee/iinoe.

Oi?ie?iaaiea ee/iinoe /aeiaaea – yoi iineaaeiaaoaeueiia eciaiaiea e
oneiaeiaiea nenoaiu ioiioaiee e ie?oaeathuaio ie?o, i?e?iaea, o?oaeo,
ae?oaei ethaeyi e e naaa. Iii i?ienoiaeeo ia i?ioyaeaiee anae aai
aeecie. Iniaaiii aaaeai i?e yoii aeaoneee e thiioaneee aic?ano.

?acaeoea /aeiaaea eae ee/iinoe inouanoaeyaony ananoi?iiia e oeaeinoii a
aaeeinoaa aai oece/aneeo e aeooiaiuo nee. Ineoieiaey e iaaeaaiaeea
ooaa?aeaeatho, /oi /aeiaa/aneay ee/iinoue oi?ie?oaony e ?acaeaaaony a
aeayoaeueiinoe e iauaiee. Aaaeouea /a?ou ee/iinoe ?acaeaathony a
?acoeueoaoa aiaoiaai aeeyiey ia ee/iinoue, aa aioo?aiiee ie?.

?acaeoea /aeiaaea – yoi i?ioeann eiee/anoaaiiiai e ea/anoaaiiiai
eciaiaiey, en/aciiaaiey noa?iai e aicieeiiaaiey iiaiai, enoi/iee e
aeaeaeouea neeu eioi?iai ne?uou a i?ioeai?a/eaii acaeiiaeaenoaee eae
i?e?iaeiuo, oae e nioeeaeueiuo noi?ii ee/iinoe.

I?e?iaeiay noi?iia /aeiaaea ?acaeaaaony e eciaiyaony ia i?ioyaeaiee anae
aai aeecie. Yoe ?acaeoey e eciaiaiey iinyo aic?anoiie oa?aeoa?. Enoi/iee
nioeeaeueiiai ?acaeoey ee/iinoe iaoiaeeony ai acaeiiaeaenoaee ee/iinoe e
iauanoaa.

Ia oi?ie?iaaiea ee/iinoe aeeytho o?e oaeoi?a: ainieoaiea, nioeeaeueiay
n?aaea e ianeaaenoaaiiua caaeaoee.

Ainieoaiea ?anniao?eaaaony iaaeaaiaeeie eae aaaeouee oaeoi?, oae eae yoi
niaoeeaeueii i?aaieciaaiiay nenoaia aicaeaenoaey ia iiae?anoathuaai
/aeiaaea aeey ia?aaea/e iaeiieaiiiai iauanoaaiiiai iiuoa.

Nioeeaeueiay n?aaea eiaao i?aeiouanoaaiiia cia/aiea a ?acaeoee ee/iinoe:
o?iaaiue ?acaeoey i?iecaiaenoaa e oa?aeoa? iauanoaaiiuo ioiioaiee
ii?aaeaeytho oa?aeoa? aeayoaeueiinoe e ie?iaicc?aiea ethaeae.

Caaeaoee – iniaua aiaoiii-oeceieiae/aneea i?aaeiinueee niiniaiinoae e
?aciui aeaeai aeayoaeueiinoe. Iaoea i caeiiao ianeaaenoaaiiinoe –
aaiaoeea – iieaaaao iaee/ea o ethaeae nioie ?acee/iuo caaeaoeia – io
aaniethoiiai neooa, eneeth/eoaeueiie c?eoaeueiie iaiyoe, iieieaiiniie
?aaeoeee aei ?aaeeie iaoaiaoe/aneie e ooaeiaeanoaaiiie iaea?aiiinoe.

Ii naie ii naaa caaeaoee aua ia iaania/eaatho niiniaiinoae e aunieeo
?acoeueoaoia aeayoaeueiinoe. Eeoue a i?ioeanna ainieoaiey e iao/aiey,
iauanoaaiiie aeecie e aeayoaeueiinoe, onaiaiey ciaiee e oiaiee o
/aeiaaea ia iniiaa caaeaoeia oi?ie?othony niiniaiinoe. Caaeaoee iiaoo
?aaeeciaaoueny eeoue i?e acaeiiaeaenoaee i?aaiecia n ie?oaeathuae
nioeeaeueiie e i?e?iaeiie n?aaeie.

“Oaeanony ee eiaeeaeaeo a?iaea ?aoayey ?acaeoue naie oaeaio – yoi
oeaeeeii caaeneo io ni?ina, eioi?ue, a naith i/a?aaeue, caaeneo io
?acaeaeaiey o?oaea e io ii?iaeaeaiiuo ei oneiaee i?inaauaiey ethaeae.”
(Ia?en E., Yiaaeuen O. “Iaiaoeeay eaeaieiaey”, ni/. 2-a)

Oai?/anoai i?aaeiieaaaao iaee/ea o ee/iinoe niiniaiinoae, iioeaia,
ciaiee e oiaiee, aeaaiaea?y eioi?ui nicaeaaony i?iaeoeo, ioee/athueeny
iiaeciie, i?eaeiaeueiinoueth, oieeaeueiinoueth. Eco/aiea yoeo naienoa
ee/iinoe auyaeei aaaeioth ?ieue aiia?aaeaiey, eiooeoeee, iainiciaaaaiuo
eiiiiiaioia oinoaaiiie aeoeaiinoe, a oaeaea iio?aaiinoe ee/iinoe a
naiiaeooaeecaoeee, a ?ane?uoee e ?anoe?aiee naieo niceaeaoaeueiuo
aiciiaeiinoae. Oai?/anoai eae i?ioeann ?anniao?eaaeinue ia?aiia/aeueii,
enoiaey ec naiiio/aoia aeayoaeae eneonnoaa e iaoee, aaea iniaay ?ieue
ioaiaeeeanue “ica?aieth”, aaeioiiaaieth e ei iiaeiaiui ninoiyieyi,
niaiythuei i?aaeaa?eoaeueioth ?aaioo iunee.

IA ENEONNOAA AANOE O?IE.

“Eaaeaeue ec ian aieaa /aeiaae a oii, eae ii /oanoaoao, /ai eae ii
aeoiaao.”

E. Ooeneee

Oeieueiay i?ia?aiia “Iocuea” iaoeaeeaaao o/eoaey ia ainieoaiea o
oeieueieeia iocueaeueiie eoeueoo?u eae /anoe eo iauae aeooiaiie
eoeueoo?u. I?e oaeie iinoaiiaea oeaee iocueaeueiiai ainieoaiey iniaaiii
aaaeii aeaaeaoue eneonnoaii naiae i?ioannee. “Anoue eneonnoai e anoue
oai?/anoai”,- aiai?ee A.Iaie?iae/-Aeai/aiei. Yoi i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiea ia
neo/aeii. Iii caeiiiia?ii aicieeaao oiaaea, eiaaea ?a/ue eaeao ia i
aiaoieo, a i aeoaeiiuo oai?/aneeo i?ioeannao a eneonnoaa. Oae,
oai?/aneee o?ie iocuee noaiiaeony aioeoacie ae?oaiai o?iea, a eioi?ii
oea?eo ?aianei, ionoue aeaaea naiia oiaeia. A nayce n yoei e aicieeaao
i?iaeaia “aiaoiaai” e “aioo?aiiaai” a eneonnoaa aaaeaiey o?iea iocuee.
Iaeii aeaei, anee o?ie – eeoue i?eaianaiea iaeeo iiauo neooiauo
aeiaaaeaiee e iocueaeueiui aia/aoeaieyi oeieueieeia. Ae?oaia aeaei, anee
yoi – iniaaiiay, iaiiaoi?eiay ano?a/a n eneonnoaii. I?iaeaia “aiaoiaai”
e “aioo?aiiaai” ia o?ieao iocuee anoue ii nooe ?aaeueiia acaeiiioiioaiea
Iocuee eae eneonnoaa e Eneonnoaa i?iaaaeaiey o?iea iocuee.

Nia?aiaiiue iiuo aaaeaiey o?iea a oeiea oaaaeeoaeueii iieacuaaao, /oi
o/eoaeue iiaeao auoue enoeiiui oai?oeii oieueei oiaaea, eiaaea
aaeaieiooii naycuaaao ia?ac?uaiie ieoueth nua?aiiia, i?iiaoia eee
auneacaiiia ei ni naiei aioo?aiiei ie?ii, ni naiei ioiioaieai e
cao/auaio, ni naiei aeeciaiiui iiuoii.

Anee o/eoaeue, i?iaeoiuaay o?ie, ia aa?ao a ea/anoaa “iaoa?eaea” naiiai
naay, naie /oanoaa, iunee, iiuo, oi eae aio ia?anoe a?aiue iaaeaeo
aiaoiei – oieiaeiui, ?aaiiaeooiui, e aioo?aiiei – aeoaiei ia?aaeeoui,
i?i/oanoaiaaiiui?

Anyeay ooaeiaeanoaaiii-iaaeaaiae/aneay caaea/a, eaeay o?iea aeieaeia
auoue i?aaie/ia aeey o/eoaey, aeoaiei ei ia?aaeeoa e, naiia aeaaiia,
ioiaeaeanoaeaia ni naiei “y”. Yoio i?ioeann neiaeai, ii eeoue aai
iaee/ea i?aa?auaao o?ie a ianoiyuoth i?aaaeo eneonnoaa. Iaaea?ii
E.Noaieneaaneee, ?acei ioaeaeyaoee i?aaaeo eneonnoaa io oaeueoe, ienae:
“Iao ie/aai io/eoaeueiaa iaycaiiinoe ai /oi au oi ie noaei aiieiuaoue
/oaeia, niooiia, aia oaay i?aauaathuaa”. Anoanoaaiii, a ooaeiaeanoaaiiii
oai?/anoaa oeaiii oieueei oi, /oi iiaeneacaii i?ioeannii iiaeeeiiiai
ia?aaeeaaiey, e oieueei oiaaea iiaeao aicieeiooue eneonnoai. Yoi a
iieiie ia?a neaaeoao ioianoe e iaaeaaiae/aneiio i?ioeanno ia o?iea.
Enoeiiia iia?oaeaiea a ooaeiaeanoaaiiue ia?ac, aai iinoeaeaiea oanii
naycaii n i?ioeannii ia?aaeeaaiey, n oiaieai i?iionoeoue /a?ac naay, n
iuouaieai eioiiaoeee iocueaeueiiai i?iecaaaeaiey eae naieo nianoaaiiuo.

ss n/eoath, /oi aeey o?iea eneonnoaa ineoieiae/aneay, oaoie/aneay,
eioaeeaeooaeueiay, i?ioanneiiaeueiay iiaeaioiaea iaaeinoaoi/iu.
Iaiaoiaeeii iiaeaioiaeoueny e o?ieo aua e yiioeeiiaeueii.

Iniaaiii aaaeii a yiioeeiiaeueiie noi?iia i?ioanneiiaeueiiai ianoa?noaa
o/eoaey iocuee oiaiea iaeoe aa?iue oii o?iea. Oa?iei “caaeaoue oii”
aanaaea, eniieiaieth ecaeaaia auooao a eneonnoaa. Yoi iiiyoea
naycuaaaony n yiioeeiiaeueiui oeaio?ii oai?/aneiai i?ioeanna. Iaeoe
aa?iue oii, eioi?ue i?enoonoaiaae au e aue au naiaia?aciui a eaaeaeii
o?iea,- iaeia ec neiaeiaeoeo caaea/ iiaeaioiaee o/eoaey a ianoiyuaa
a?aiy.

Niioiioaiea aiaoiaai e aioo?aiiaai a eneonnoaa aaaeaiey o?iea iiaeao
oniaoii ?aoaoueny /a?ac oi?ie?iaaiea o o/eoaey aeoa?neiai ianoa?noaa.

Anee eaeath iocueaeueiiai i?iecaaaeaiey noi?ioee?iaaoue a ianeieueeeo
neiaao e a oaeii aeaea niiaueoue aa ?aaaieo, oi aeeciue eaeae ia yoii e
caeii/eony. A o/aieeao aaaeii aicaoaeeoue iuouaiea eaeae, ii aeey yoiai
iaiaoiaeeiu n?aaenoaa, aicaeaenoaothuea ia noieueei ia ?acoi, neieueei
ia /oanoaa. Aeoa?neia ianoa?noai a yoii ioiioaiee iaeaaeaao aiaaoaeoeie
aiciiaeiinoyie.

Iaiaoiaeeii aeoaaea iniuneeoue iaoiae E.Noaieneaaneiai e i?eiaiyoue aai
a oi?ie?iaaiee iaaeaaiae/aneiai ianoa?noaa o/eoaey iocuee. Iieaciui
iiaeao auoue iaeei ec ecaanoiuo a oaao?aeueiie iaaeaaiaeea i?eaiia,
iieo/eaoee iacaaiea “i?eai ioiaeaeanoaeaiey”, oi anoue neeyiea naiaai
“y” n ia?acii, iuneueth, eioi?oth iaiaoiaeeii ?ane?uoue a eniieiyaiii
i?iecaaaeaiee.

Yoio i?eai i?aaeiieaaaao ia oieueei aieueooth i?aaeaa?eoaeueioth ?aaioo
iaae iocueaeueiui i?iecaaaeaieai (ciaiea yiioe, enoi?ee nicaeaiey,
ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai e ie?iaicc?ai/aneiai eiioaenoia e o.ae.), ii e
anoanoaaiiia i?aaie/aneia “i?iaeeaaiea” iaaeaaiaii ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai
ia?aca yoiai i?iecaaaeaiey. Oieueei oiaaea aiciiaeii enoeiiia iauaiea
iaaeaeo aeaoueie e o/eoaeai.

Oai?eoue, ii ii?aaeaeaieth E.Noaieneaaneiai, icia/aao “no?anoii,
no?aieoaeueii, eioaineaii, i?iaeoeoeaii, oeaeaniia?acii e ii?aaaeaiii
eaeoe e naa?ocaaea/a”- iinoeaeaieth e ?ane?uoeth ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai
ia?aca i?iecaaaeaiey.

N iaaeaaiae/aneie oi/ee c?aiey a iiaeaioiaea o/eoaey iocuee aeey ian
aaaeia oa /anoue ianeaaeey E.Noaieneaaneiai, eioi?ay oanii naycaia n
eneonnoaii ia?aaeeaaiey. Ia?aaeeaaiey eae i?aaie/aneiai aaeeinoaa
eioaeeaeooaeueiiai e yiioeeiiaeueiiai a /aeiaaea. Aeey iaaeaaiaa iocuee
/?acau/aeii aaaeii iao/eoueny niciaoaeueii oi?aaeyoue iiaeniciaoaeueiie
oai?/aneie aeoeaiinoueth naiae ineoeee, oae eae iiiaea i?ioeannu a
eneonnoaa e a ooaeiaeanoaaiiii ?acaeoee ?aaaiea naycaiu n iiaeniciaieai,
n eiooeoeaiui, ii aaeaeaaoiui iinoeaeaieai i?ae?aniiai, aia aai
?aceiaeaiey ia ioaeaeueiua yeaiaiou.

Aeey o/eoaey iocuee /?acau/aeii aaaeii oiaoue auoue au?aceoaeueiui ai
anao naieo i?iyaeaieyo, oiaoue iaoiaeeoue aaeaeaaoioth aiaoithth oi?io
au?aaeaiey ia?aaeeaaaiuo ei /oanoa, yiioeee. Iiyoiio iaaeaaiao
iaiaoiaeeii iao/eoueny ia aiyoueny ii?aaeaeyoue neiaaie, au?aceoaeueiuie
aeaeaeaieyie, ieieeie oi, /oi o?oaeiioeiaeii a i?iecaaaeaiee eneonnoaa –
aai e?anioo, oii/aeoaa e?oaeaai aai ia?acia. I?e yoii iaaei iinoiyiii
iiiieoue i oii, /oi iaieoenue iaeiei /oanoaii iaeuecy, iaiaoiaeeii
eioaeeaeooaeueii, oaoie/anee eco/eoue ooaeiaeanoaaiiue iaoa?eae. “Anee
iao iaoa?eaea, /oanoao ia ai /oi eceeoueny.” (N.Aieeiineee)
Yiioeeiiaeueiia ia/aei aeieaeii i?aaie/ii niaaeeieoueny a ianoa?noaa
o/eoaey iocuee n aiaeeoe/aneeie niiniaiinoyie. Eai “a iniiaa anyeiai
oai?/aneiai i?ioeanna caeiaeaii oaea/aiea, /oi, eiia/ii, ia eneeth/aao
ia?iiiie ?aaiou ?acoia. Ii ?acaa iaeuecy iuneeoue ia oieiaeii, a
ai?y/i?” (E.Noaieneaaneee)

Oi/aony i?eaanoe ianeieueei iuneae ec eieae N.Aieeiineiai
“Au?aceoaeueiue /aeiaae”, eioi?ua, ia iie acaeyae, iiaoo ia?aoeoue
aieiaiea iaaeaaiaia e yoie aaaeiaeoae i?iaeaia – au?aceoaeueiinoe
o/eoaey iocuee:

“A aeoa?neii eneonnoaa, eae ai anyeii ae?oaii, ia aeiaieueii aioo?aiiaai
iiaoaeaeaiey, a ioaeii oiaiea yoiio iiaoaeaeaieth iiaeiiaaoueny, ia
aeiaieueii /oanoaiaaoue, a iaaei oiaoue aiieioeoue, ia aeiaieueii
eniuoaoue, iaaei oiaoue eniuoaiiia iieacaoue”.

“Oaei – eino?oiaio, aeoa? – eino?oiaioaeeno”.

“…Aiaoiee aeano, aoaeo/e eeoue io?aaeaieai aioo?aiiaai aeooaaiiai
aeaeaeaiey, eioi?ia aai ii?iaeaeaao e ?oeiaiaeeo ei, aeieaeai onooiaoue
aio a ?acaeoee. Oi anoue, iiaeaoa aeaoue aieueoa oiai, /oi aeaaoa, ii
ieeiaaea ia aeaaaeoa aieueoa oiai, /oi iiaeaoa, ie aeaaea ana, /oi
iiaeaoa”.

“…Niaaoue au?aaeaiea anthaeo, eoaea iiiaei, ai /oi au oi ie noaei, ai
/oi iaeaii”.

“Iao ie/aai ooaea, eae aeano, eiaaea ii ia ii?aaaeai”.

OAI?*ANOAI O*EOAEss E O*AIEEA

(EC IIUOA ?AAIOU).

?aaioay aio oaea ianeieueei eao ii i?ia?aiia Ae.Eaaaeaaneiai ni
oeieueieeaie ?aciuo aic?anoia, y no?aiethnue aucaaoue a aeaoyo e
iiae?inoeao yniia iiieiaiea e iuouaiea oiai, /oi iocuea, eae ana
eneonnoaa, ia i?inoi ?acaea/aiea, ia aeiaaaeaiea, ia “aa?ie?” e aeecie,
eioi?ui iiaeii iieueciaaoueny ii naiaio oniio?aieth, a aaaeiay /anoue
naiie aeecie, aeecie a oeaeii e aeecie eaaeaeiai ioaeaeueiiai /aeiaaea,
a oii /enea eaaeaeiai oeieueieea.

Iocuea e aeeciue – yoi aaia?aeueiay oaia, naiaai ?iaea, “naa?ocaaea/a” a
oeieueiuo caiyoeyo iocueie. Iia aeieaeia i?iiecuaaoue ana caiyoey ai
anao caaiueyo io ia?aiai aei iineaaeiaai eeanna. Iocueaeueiue iaoa?eae,
cao/auee ia caiyoeyo, eiiiaioa?ee o/eoaey, iaaethaeaiey e ?aciuoeaiey
naieo o/aueony, iai?aaeyaiua o/eoaeai,- ana aeieaeii iiiiaaoue
iinoaiaiiiio ?aoaieth yoie “naa?ocaaea/e”.

Aaaeiaeoae iniaaiiinoueth i?ia?aiiu yaeyaony aa oaiaoe/aneia iino?iaiea.

Oai?/anee iiaeoiaey e i?ia?aiia, y ie a eiai neo/aa ia ?ac?ooath aa
oaiaoe/aneia iino?iaiea, iioiio /oi iineaaeiaaoaeueiia ?acaeoea
ii?aaeaeaiiuo oai – iniiaa iniia aeaiiie i?ia?aiiu.

I?e yoii ec ?acee/iuo aeaeia o/aaiie aeayoaeueiinoe a eaaeaeii neo/aa
ecae?athony iaeaieaa iaiaoiaeeiua, e ana iie naycuaathony a aaeeiue
oaiaoe/aneee ocae. Ioaeaeueiua i?iecaaaeaiey, iie eiiiaioa?ee e aii?inu,
ioaaou o/aueony – neiaii ana, /oi cao/eo, ana, /oi i?ienoiaeeo ia o?iea,
iiae/eiyaony iniiaiie oaia eae iauae caeiiiia?iinoe, iauaaeeiythuae ana
/anoiua neo/ae.

Oaeei ia?acii, o?ie ia?anoaao ?aniaaeaoueny ia iaei, a oi e aiana ia
naycaiiua ae?oa n ae?oaii ninoaaiua /anoe. Eaeea-eeai /eaiaiey o?iea,
naycaiiua n ?aai/ei ieaiii aai i?iaaaeaiey, iiaoo nouanoaiaaoue eeoue a
niciaiee o/eoaey, ii ie a eiai neo/aa ia a niciaiee o/aueony. Aeey ieo
o?ie iocuee anaaaea aeieaeai auoue oeaeinoiui, iauaaeeiythuei ana
aoiaeyuea a iaai yeaiaiou a aaeeiia iiiyoea: iocuea, iocueaeueiia
eneonnoai.

Naiaiaeiia io noaiu, oai?/aneia eiiaeie?iaaiea ninoaaiuo /anoae o?iea a
aaeeiia iocueaeueiia caiyoea aeaao aiciiaeiinoue aiineoue a o?ie ethaua
eiio?anou, iaiaoiaeeiua aeey iiaeaea?aeaiey aieiaiey o/aueony, aoiinoa?u
oai?/aneie caeioa?aniaaiiinoe. Ionoue o/eoaeue aoaeao naiaiaeai io
aeanoe noaiu, o?aaothuae io iaai noaiaea?oiiai a?aoeea i?iaaaeaiey
o?iea. Ii ionoonoaea noaiaea?oa, ooaiia, o?aoa?aoa ia icia/aao
ionoonoaea nenoaiu, a oai?/aneay naiaiaea o/eoaey ia ?aaiicia/ia
i?iecaieo, oaino, aia?oee.

Ia?aae o/eoaeai iocuee noieo iai?inoay caaea/a: iauaaeeieoue ana
yeaiaiou, ec eioi?uo neeaaeuaaaony o?ie, iiae/eieoue eo iniiaiie oaia
o?iea, /aoaa?oe, aiaea, anaai oeieueiiai eo?na, ia ooa?ya i?e yoii
niaoeeoe/aneoth eiaeeo ?acaeoey, i?enouoth eaaeaeiio ec yoeo yeaiaioia a
ioaeaeueiinoe.

Oaiaoe/aneia iino?iaiea i?ia?aiiu aeaao a ?oee o/eoaeth aeaa
nouanoaaiiuo i?aeiouanoaa. Ai-ia?auo, ii iieo/aao aiciiaeiinoue
naiaiaeii iaiaa?e?iaaoue a ?aieao /aoaa?oiie i?ia?aiiu e i?ia?aiiu anaai
aiaea, ia auoiaey ca i?aaeaeu iniiaiuo oai. Ai-aoi?uo, ii aii?oaeaaony
“oaiaoe/aneei eiiianii”, eioi?ue iiiiaaao aio ynii aeaeaoue iai?aaeaiea
caiyoee ia i?ioyaeaiee anaai aiaea e iaeaa/aao ?aoaiea aanueia o?oaeiie
caaea/e a iaeanoe ynoaoe/aneiai ia?aciaaiey – onoaiiaeaiea e?eoa?ey
o?aaiaaiee e o/aueiny.

Aiciiaeiinoue “naiaiaeiiai iaiaa?e?iaaiey” i?e i?eaioaoeee ia
”oaiaoe/aneee eiiian” aeaaony o/eoaeth ia oieueei aeey oeo/oaiey
o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiiai i?ioeanna a oeaeii, ii, i?aaeaea anaai, /oiau
iiii/ue aio a ?aoaiee iaeiie ec aaaeiaeoeo caaea/ iocueaeueiiai
ia?aciaaiey a oeiea – oai?/aneiai ?acaeoey o/aueony.

* * *

O?aaiaaiea aoiaiecaoeee ia?aciaaiey, auaeaeiooia ineoieiaaie e
iaaeaaiaaie, i?aaeiieaaaao aieueoia aieiaiea e ?acaeoeth oai?/aneeo
niiniaiinoae ?aaaiea, eo/oeo aai ee/iinoiuo ea/anoa. Aeaoue ciaiey,
?acaeoue iaauee e oiaiey – ia naiioeaeue. Ai?acaei aaaeiaa – i?iaoaeeoue
eioa?an e iiciaieth. Ainieoaiea oai?/aneie ee/iinoe – iaeia ec
aaaeiaeoeo caaea/, noiyueo ia?aaei iiie.

Oieueei naiinoiyoaeueiia oai?/anoai aeaoae ia o?iea ?acaoaeeo eo
ae?aiethuea niiniaiinoe. Iiiai aieiaiey y oaeaeyth aeaeai
aeayoaeueiinoe, ?acaeaathuei eiaiii oai?/aneoth aeeeeo a ?aaaiea. Ia
naieo o?ieao y no?aiethnue ia ?yaeo ni neooaieai iocuee e
aieaeueii-oi?iaui eniieiaieai oaeaeyoue cia/eoaeueiia ianoi
ieanoe/aneiio eioiie?iaaieth, eii?iaecaoeee, eino?oiaioaeueiiio
ioceoee?iaaieth, ae?aiaoecaoeee.

Ai anooieoaeueiie noaouea e i?ia?aiia ii iocuea Ae.Eaaaeaaneee ienae:
“Anaie?ii ?acaeaay ?acee/iua oi?iu i?eiauaiey oeieueieeia e iocuea,
anaaaea iaaei eiaoue a aeaeo, /oi a iniiaa ethaie ec yoeo oi?i eaaeeo
yiioeeiiaeueiia, aeoeaiia aini?eyoea iocuee. Aini?eyoea iocuee iaeuecy
naiaeeoue e iaeiiio ec “aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe” o/aueony, … aeoeaiia
aini?eyoea iocuee – iniiaa iocueaeueiiai ainieoaiey a oeaeii, anao aai
caaiueaa.” Oaeei ia?acii, aicieeaao aeaieiay naycue: aini?eyoea iocuee –
ana aeaeu iocueaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe; naycue, eioi?ay e iaoneiaeeaaao
ia?ac?uaiinoue e aaeeinoai anae iocueaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe o/aueony.

Ianoiyuaa, i?i/oanoaiaaiiia e i?iaeoiaiiia aini?eyoea iocuee – iaeia ec
naiuo aeoeaiuo oi?i i?eiauaiey e iocuea, iioiio /oi i?e yoii
aeoeaece?oaony aioo?aiiee, aeooiaiue ie? o/aueony, eo /oanoaa e iunee.
Aia aini?eyoey iocuea eae eneonnoai aiiaua ia nouanoaoao. Aanniuneaiii
aiai?eoue i eaeii eeai aicaeaenoaee iocuee ia aeooiaiue ie? aeaoae e
iiae?inoeia, anee iie ia iao/eeenue neuoaoue iocueo eae
niaea?aeaoaeueiia eneonnoai, ianouaa a naaa /oanoaa e iunee /aeiaaea,
aeeciaiiua eaeae e ia?acu.

NEOOAIEA IOCUEE.

“Aeeyiea iocuee ia aeaoae aeaaiaeaoii, e /ai ?aiaa iie ia/ioo
eniuouaaoue aai ia naaa, oai eo/oa aeey ieo.”

A.A.Aaeeineee

Oiaiea neuoaoue iocueo e ?aciuoeyoue i iae y ainieouaath a ?aayoao n
naiiai ia/aea oeieueiuo caiyoee iocueie. Oaea ia ia?aii o?iea ia?aiai
aiaea iao/aiey a eeanna aeieaeai auoue onoaiiaeai iai?aeiaeiue caeii:
eiaaea a eeanna cao/eo iocuea, ie iaeei ec ?aayo ia aeieaeai iiaeieiaoue
?oee. I?e yoii iaiaoiaeeii, /oiau ?aayoa n?aco aea iiiyee, /oi iie
aeieaeiu auiieiyoue yoio caeii ia iioiio, /oi oiai o?aaoao aeenoeeieeia,
a iioiio, /oi eiaaea cao/eo iocuea, oieueei aieiaoaeueii neaaey ca aa
cao/aieai, iiaeii aeoaiei aini?eiyoue aa e ii-ianoiyuaio iiiyoue.

O/eoueny neuoaoue iocueo o/aueany aeieaeiu iai?a?uaii ia i?ioyaeaiee
anaai o?iea: e ai a?aiy iaiey, e ai a?aiy ea?u ia eino?oiaioao, e a
iiiaiou, o?aaothuea iaeaieueoaai aieiaiey, nin?aaeioi/aiiinoe e
iai?yaeaiey aeooaaiuo nee, eiaaea iie aunooiatho a ?iee nianoaaiii
neooaoaey.

Iiieiay i?iaeaio ?acaeoey iocueaeueiiai aini?eyoey, iaaeaaia ia
i?ioyaeaiee anaai caiyoey iiaoaeaeaao aeaoae i?eneooeaaoueny e cao/auae
iocuea. Oieueei oiaaea, eiaaea aeaoe aoaeoo /oanoaiaaoue e iniciaaaoue
oa?aeoa? iocuee, au?aaeaoue aai a naiae oai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe,
i?eia?aoaiiua iaauee e oiaiey iieaeoo ia iieueco iocueaeueiiio
?acaeoeth.

Oai?/anoai aeaoae aace?oaony ia y?eeo iocueaeueiuo aia/aoeaieyo. Neooay
iocueo, ?aaaiie anaaaea neuoeo ia oieueei oi, /oi a iae naiie
niaea?aeeony, /oi caeiaeaii a iae eiiiiceoi?ii (e, eiia/ii,
eniieieoaeai), ii e oi, /oi iiae aa aeeyieai ?iaeaeaaony a aai aeooa, a
aai niciaiee, oi anoue oi, /oi nicaeaao oaea aai nianoaaiiia oai?/aneia
aiia?aaeaiea. Oae, i?ineooaiiia i?iecaaaeaiea ?iaeaeaao a iai neiaeiue
nieaa iauaeoeaiiai niaea?aeaiey iocuee e noauaeoeaiiai aa aini?eyoey. E
oai?/anoao eiiiiceoi?a e e oai?/anoao eniieieoaey i?eniaaeeiyaony
oai?/anoai neooaoaey!

Aio i?eia? ?acaoaeaiiiai iocueie oai?/aneiai aiia?aaeaiey. Eiaaea, a
nayce n oaiie o?iea a ia?aii eeanna oeieu (“Ia?o”), iia i?eoeinue
nua?aoue ia?aua oaeou o?ao?iiai ia?oa Oiiaia, ii/oe ana ?aayoa n?aco aea
neacaee, /oi yoi “iioi?iiiue ia?o” e /oi iocueo yoo iie ?aiueoa oaea
neuoaee. Iioii iaeei iaeue/ee noae ?anneacuaaoue, eae iiae yoo iocueo a
aea?aaia oi?iieee aai aeaaeooeo. Aeey yoiai iaeue/eoee oiiaiianeay
iocuea auea niaea?aeaoaeueiaa, aiaa/a, /ai aeey oao, aeey eiai iia auea
i?inoi “iioi?iiiui ia?oai”. Aeey iaai yoi auea ia oieueei iocuea, ii e
/anoeoea aai nianoaaiiie aeecie, iiyoiio aieiiaaea aieueoa e a niciaiea
aoiaeeea aeoaaea.

Aiia?aaeaiea o ?aayo, iniaaiii ieaaeoaai oeieueiiai aic?anoa, eae
i?aaeei, y?eia, aeeaia, e “iocueaeueiua ea?oeiee” iie neooatho n
oaeiaieuenoaeai, i?e/ai /aua anaai y i?ioo eo neooaoue n cae?uouie
aeacaie, /oiau ia ioaeaeaoueny, a oaeaeaoue iocueo a naiai aiia?aaeaiee.

Iie iaaethaeaiey iaae ?aayoaie canoaaeytho iaiy neeueii oniiieoueny a
i?aaeeueiinoe oe?iei ?ani?ino?aiaiiiai a iocueaeueiie iaaeaaiaeea
iiaiey, aoaeoi aeaoe eaa/a onaaeaatho i?ia?aiiioth iocueo, iaaeaee
iocueo, ia eiathuoth i?ia?aiiiuo iacaaiee. ss aeoiath, /oi iie eaaei
onaaeaatho ia i?ia?aiiioth iocueo, a i?ia?aiiiua caaeaaey. A yoeo
neo/ayo i?ia?aiia ia oieueei ia aeoeaece?oao iocueaeueiia aini?eyoea
aeaoae, ii ca/anooth ia?aeecoao aai.

Aio ii/aio aeey oai?/aneiai ?acaeoey aeaoae, ea?ay ei i?ia?aiiioth
iocueo (yoi, eiia/ii, aeieaeia auoue i/aiue oi?ioay, y?ei ia?aciay
iocuea, n i/aiue oi/iui aaoi?neei iacaaieai), y ia niiauath
i?aaeaa?eoaeueii aa iacaaiey, n oai /oiau iie nia?aa ii?aaeaeeee
oa?aeoa? naiie iocuee, a oae iioii iiiuoaeenue aeaoue ae naia iacaaiea,
enoiaey ec oiai, /oi eie auei oneuoaii, ii/oanoaiaaii e iniuneaii.

Ioaaou ?aayo aeatho i?aaenoaaeaiea i noaiaie ?acaeoey eo iocueaeueiiai
aini?eyoey. Oae, iai?eia?, i?iecioei n o?aaiaioii ec “Oo?a” A?eaa.
?aayoa ii-?aciiio iacuaaee aai: “Aania”, “Ainoiae nieioea”, “Oeaaou
?anioneathony”, “Oo?i a eano”. ss iinoaiaiii iiaeaiaeo eo e i?aaeeueiiio
iacaaieth. Ioaeii inoi?iaeii e iaiaayc/eai i?eaeeceoue neooaoaeae e
iocuea, a ia oaanoe eo a ie? aeaeaeeo io iocuee iaeaiuo oaioacee. ss
i?eaaaath e “iiaeneaceai”, iieaaay, /oi iie iiiiaatho aini?eyoeth
iocuee. Iaeuecy iaaycuaaoue neooaoaeyi a ea/anoaa “i?ia?aiiu” ni/eiaiey
naie nianoaaiiua oieeiaaiey, iniiaaiiua ia noauaeoeaiuo annioeeaoeeyo. A
/ooeay “iiaeneacea” iiaeao iaeeaeoue oai?/aneia aiia?aaeaiea, eioaeeaeo
e iaiyoue ?aaaiea e oai naiui i?eianoe aeia?ua ieiaeu.

ss /anoi i?aeoeeoth ienueiaiiua ?aaiou, naiaai ?iaea ni/eiaiey ia
iocueaeueiua oaiu (iniaaiii a noa?oeo eeannao). Naiinoiyoaeueiua
?aciuoeaiey o/aueony aeieaeiu auoue ouaoaeueii iiaeaioiaeaiu eo iuneyie,
oai?/aneiio aini?eyoeth aeieaeii auoue caaeaii ii?aaeaeaiiia
iai?aaeaiea, /oiau ia noaniyoue aiia?aaeaiea aeaoae, ia ia?aie/eaaoue eo
annioeeaoeaiia iuoeaiea.

I?eaaaeo ianeieueei eioa?aniuo, aeoaieeo ?annoaeaeaiee ?aayo i “Eoiiie
niiaoa” E.Aaooiaaia (1 /.):

ss aeoiath, /oi yoa iocuea iaeaaeaao aeoaieeie /oanoaaie. Iia i?iieeaao
a iaiy, caaeaaay eaaeaeoth no?oio iiae aeooe.(?aa?iaa I.)

Ii-iiaio, yoa niiaoa ?anneacuaaao i oii iiiaioa a aeecie eiiiiceoi?a,
eiaaea ethaiaue iinooieea no?iai n iei. Ii iai?/ai. Ii iaaeaaony, /oi
ana i?ieaeao, e ii ano?aoeo aua /aeiaaea, n eioi?ui aoaeao
n/anoeea.(Ao?aeiaa I.)

Iocuea ia?aiieiaia a?onoueth, ia/aeueth, ianauoi/iuie ia/oaie. Iiaeao
auoue a niiaoa ?anneacuaaaony i aacioaaoiie ethaae eiiiiceoi?a? A ia/aea
ii aua ieoaao eaeea-oi iaaeaaeaeu, ii aeeaea e eiioeo iie iinoaiaiii
oaanatho. E caeai/eaaaony 1 /anoue aacunoiaeiinoueth.(A?ioiaa E.)

?aciua ?aayoa, ?aciua auneacuaaiey. N?aco /oanoaoaony
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoue aaoi?a eaaeaeie ?aaiou.

Yoi oieueei iaeioi?ua oi?iu iauaiey aeaoae n iocueie, eioi?ua iai?aaeaiu
ia ?acaeoea oai?/aneiai aiia?aaeaiey, ia ?acaeoea aini?eyoey
iocueaeueiiai ia?aca, a /a?ac iaai – ia aini?eyoea ?aciuo noi?ii aeecie.

* * *

AEaeaiea auneacaoue naie iunee e /oanoaa ia iiaeao iiyaeoueny o ?aayo,
anee iao eioa?ana e o?ieo e e iocuea aiiaua. O/eoaeue aeieaeai nicaeaoue
aoiinoa?o aeiaa?ey, aeia?iaeaeaoaeueiinoe – aanaaeu e aeeneonnee ii
eieoeeaoeaa naieo ?aayo aicieeatho ia o?ieao oiaaea, eiaaea o ieo
i?iaoaeaeaaony aeaeaiea auneacaoueny, eiaaea iie /oanoaotho
iaiaoiaeeiinoue iauaiey n o/eoaeai.

Eae eeoeoue neoee ia o?iea naay e naieo o/aieeia? Eae ca?aceoue eo
nianoaaiiui oai?/anoaii? Ana aeaei a aoiinoa?a o?iea. Ia a iieo iaaueao
– a aieaeueiuo, ieaienoe/aneeo, aee?eaea?neeo, a a oiaiee eaaeeoue n
?aayoaie, oaaaeaoue a ieo oai?/aneoth ee/iinoue, iiii/ue ?ane?uoue naay,
aeaaea a oiaiee neooaoue eo, oeuaaoueny ei e i?iuaoueny n ieie a eiioea
o?iea eee o/aaiiai aiaea.

Oi/o iiae/a?eiooue iuneue ia aoiinoa?a o?iea e oao iaoiaeao, eioi?ua
iiiiaatho “ieaiiia?ii e iinoaiaiii aaanoe ?aaaiea a iocueo, i?eiaueoue e
iae” (I.E.A?iaecaineay). Iaoiaeu aeoeaecaoeee, iaciaai eo oae, iiaoo
auoue naiuie ?acee/iuie – aeaaiia – aoaeeoue aeaoneia aieiaiea e
aiia?aaeaiea, niinianoaiaaoue ca?iaeaeaieth ethaae e iocuea e aa
iiieiaieth.

Aucuaaaiay o/eoaeai aeoeaiinoue eeanna iiaeao neoaeeoue iaeiei ec
aaaeiaeoeo e?eoa?eaa aai iaaeaaiae/aneiai ianoa?noaa. Aeoeaiinoue yoa,
eiia/ii, ia en/a?iuaaaony eiee/anoaii, auno?ioie e aeaaea
niaea?aeaoaeueiinoueth ioaaoia ia iinoaaeaiiue aii?in. Ana oi?iu
iocueaeueiuo caiyoee a oeiea aeieaeiu niinianoaiaaoue oai?/aneiio
?acaeoeth o/aueony, o.a. au?aaaouaaoue a ieo no?aieaiea e
naiinoiyoaeueiiio iuoeaieth, e i?iyaeaieth nianoaaiiie eieoeeaoeau,
no?aieaiea naeaeaoue /oi-oi naia, iiaia, eo/oaa.

IOCUEA – AeAOE – O*EOAEUe.

“Iieiioa iauaiey – aunoay ?aaeinoue aeecie.”

A.Oaaeoea?

Aeey i?aaeiaoa “Iocuea” iauaiea – iaeii ec oeaio?aeueiuo iiiyoee. Yoi
i?aaeaea anaai acaeiiaeaenoaea o/eoaey e o/aieeia, eiathuaa iniaoth
yiioeeiiaeueii-niaea?aeaoaeueioth ie?aneo. Iauaiea ia o?iea iocuee
iiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue e eae niaianoioth oai?/aneoth aeayoaeueiinoue
o/aueony e o/eoaey, iai?aaeaiioth ia ?ane?uoea aeeciaiiiai niaea?aeaiey
iocuee, iiuoa i?aanoaaiiuo ioiioaiee, caeiaeaiiiai a iae.

Iiiaiia?aciay iaeeo?a acaeiiioiioaiee i?aaenoaao ia o?iea: iaaeaeo
iocueie, o/eoaeai e o/aieeaie; iaaeaeo o/eoaeai e o/aieeaie; iaaeaeo
aeaoueie a eieeaeoeaiuo oi?iao aeayoaeueiinoe. Ii ana yoi iiiaiia?acea
aiei e ia?acii au?aaeaii a neiaao Anaoueaaa i oii, /oi iocuea
“caeeth/aaony e nouanoaoao a aaeeinoaa e niioiioaiee oai?/anoaa,
eniieieoaeuenoaa e neooaoaeuenoaa /a?ac aini?eyoea.

Aieueoia aieiaiea y oaeaeyth neiao i iocuea, o.e. cia/aiea neiaaniiai
iaoiaea a iocueaeueiii ainieoaiee i/aiue aaeeei. Neiai i iocuea aeieaeii
auoue y?eei, ia?aciui, ii i?aaeaeueii oi/iui, iai?aaeaiiui ia
oai?/aneoth oaioaceth ?aaaiea.

I?ineooaia iocuea, caaeai aii?in – e iao ioaaoa. ss ia oi?iiethnue n
iiaeneaceie. Iie?aynue ia iocueaeueiue e aeeciaiiue iiuo aeaoae, y
aianoa n ieie euo ooaeiaeanoaaiii-ia?aciua nayce niaea?aeaiey aeaiiiai
i?iecaaaeaiey n aeeaiienueth, eeoa?aoo?ie, i?e?iaeie, aeeciueth. Aeaoe
i?i/oanoaotho, iniciatho e ioaaoyo. Aieaa oiai, o/eouaay niaoeeoeeo
o?iea iocuee, y eniieuecoth ia oieueei aii?in eae o?aaeeoeeiiioth oi?io
iauaiey, a auneacuaaiea-?acaeoiuea, auneacuaaiea-i?iaeaio,
auneacuaaiea-ioiioaiea. Iaeioi?uo o/aieeia o?oaeii i?eaea/ue e iauaio
?acaiai?o ia o?iea. Naiiethaea, ii?ie aieaciaiii i?iyaeythuaany a
iiae?inoeiaii aic?anoa, neiauaaao oaeeo ?aayo, iie noaniythony
au?aaeaoue naie iunee, aiynue auaeyaeaoue iaeiaeeie e niaoiuie. ss
ioiioonue e iei n iniaui aieiaieai, oa?iaieai, iiiu?yy eo iiiuoee
auneacaoueny i iocuea.

Aaaeii iiieiaoue i?e?iaeo eieeaeoeaiiai ?aciuoeaiey aeaoae i
i?ineooaiiie iocuea, o/eouaaoue caeiiiia?iinoe iauaiey a nicaeaiee
eieeaeoeaiiai ioiioaiey e iocuea. ?aciuoeaiey aeaoae ia o?iea iocuee –
yoi aeayoaeueiinoue, auoaeathuay ec ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai iauaiey n iocueie
e i?iaeeaaathuay aai.

Ooaeiaeanoaaiiay e iaaeaaiae/aneay oeaiiinoue aii?ina caeeth/aaony a
aiciiaeiinoe aeaoue ia iaai ?aciua i?aaeeueiua ioaaou, a aai
iiiaiieaiiainoe e oai?/aneie iniiaa. E oiaaea oai?/anoai i?iyaeyaony a
?aayoao oaea n ia?aiai eeanna a naiaia?acee ioaaoia. ?aciuoeyy i
oa?aeoa?a ianie “No?ie” E.Aaooiaaia, aeaoe ioaa/atho: “A?onoiay,
iaaeiay, niieieiay, oeoay, iaaeeaiiay, eaneiaay, e?aneaay”, “Yoi i/aiue
ia/aeueiay ianiy”, “Iia aeaeue aaaeiiai iaeeiieiai oa?iaiueea”. Ana
aeaoe iaoiaeyony iiae aicaeaenoaeai cao/auae iocuee: iie aianoa oai?yo,
ainnicaeatho aa ia?ac, ?ane?uaay naia ioiioaiea. I?e yoii caia/aoaeueii,
anee eieeaeoeaiia ?aciuoeaiea aoaeoo “niae?aoue” naie aeaoe. O.a. ia
o/eoaeue iauaaeeieo oi, /oi iie neacaee, a eoi-oi ec o/aieeia.
I?aiaeaaeaiea eieeaeoeaiuo oi?i ?aaiou ia o?iea iocuee nicaeaao
iauaeoeaiua i?aaeiinueee aeey aeoaieiai ananoi?iiiaai ee/iinoiiai
iauaiey aeaoae, acaeiiaeeyiey eo ae?oa ia ae?oaa. Aio ii/aio iaiaoiaeeii
/oanoaiaaoue, iiieiaoue e nio?aiyoue eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoue,
iaiiaoi?eiinoue eaaeaeiai ?aaaiea.

Aeey iaiy aaaeii ia oieueei niaea?aeaiea, ii e eioiiaoeee ?a/e o/aieea.
?a/aaay eioiiaoeey, oanii naycaiiay n i?iyaeaieyie ineoe/aneie aeecie
?aaaiea, aeaao aiciiaeiinoue oneuoaoue iiiai eioa?aniiai. Oaea a naiie
yiioeeiiaeueiie ie?aoaiiinoe ?a/e – ainoeuaiee, ?aaeinoe, ?aaiiaeooee,
?acae?aaeaiiinoe au?aaeaaony ioiioaiea ?aaaiea e iocuea, e i?aanoaaiiie
i?iaeaia. I/aiue aaaeii iaaethaeaoue ca ?acaeoeai ia?aciinoe e
eioiiaoeeiiiie au?aceoaeueiinoe ?a/e o/aieea ia o?iea. Yoi iaeei ec
iaoe?iaeoeo enoi/ieeia iiciaiey oai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe aeaoae.

Ii y ia naiaeo iauaiea oieueei e ?a/aaie aeayoaeueiinoe. Auaaao a eeanna
oaeay oeoeia, eioi?oth aieueoa anyeeo neia “neaaeao” i oii, /oi iauaiea
ninoiyeinue. Aeaoe ia i?inoi iie/ao, iie inoathony “aeeoue” a
i?icao/aaoae iocuea. Oae aea eae iaoca – yoi ia ia?a?ua a iocuea, oae e
iie/aiea eeanna – ia ia?a?ua a aini?eyoee, a i?iaeieaeaiea ?aaiou /oanoa
e iuneae aeaoae. Oaeay iaoca /?acau/aeii aaaeia ia o?iea. Iiyoiio y ia
iiaea ia?ooeoue oaeoth oeoeio iinea cao/aiey i?aaiiie ooae E.N.Aaoa a
oanoii eeanna. Iaeiaaeaeu y iaaethaeaea, eae, neiaii caai?iaeaiiua,
oanoeeeannieee neaeaee, neooay i?e naa/ao “?aeaeai” A.A.Iioea?oa.
Aeoiath, /oi yoi ia caaoaeaony, inoaiaony ia aeieaea aiaeu a eo aeooa
eae ia/oi iaau?aceii i?ae?aniia.

Aua iaeia oi?ia naiaiaeiiai oai?/aneiai i?iyaeaiey ee/iinoe ?aaaiea, aai
eioa?ania e neeiiiinoae i?enoonoaoao ia iieo o?ieao. Yoi aaaeaiea
“Aeiaaieea iocueaeueiuo aia/aoeaiee”, aaea aeaoe io?aaeatho naie
?aciuoeaiey. Aeaoe aai caaiaeyo n o?aoueaai eeanna. A ia/aea /oanoaoaony
neiaaiiinoue e ia?aie/aiiinoue iuneae, ii, /oiau iiii/ue ?aayoai, y
aeath ei ieai, a eioi?ii anoue aii?inu ia aaoi?a i?iecaaaeaiey, i
niaea?aeaiee iocuee e ia eniieiaiee. Oaeaea y aeath aiciiaeiinoue
i?iyaeoue naay a oai?/aneie ?aaioa ia oieueei ia o?iea, ii e aeiia.
Aeiiaoiea caaeaiey niinianoaotho iiyaeaieth eioa?ana e o?ieai iocuee.
Aeaoe i/aiue ethayo au?aceoue naie aia/aoeaiey io iocuee a ?enoieao,
noeoao, ?anneacao. Aniiiieoa neiaa A.Ieoaeaeaau:

Eaaeaeue ieoao, eae ii neuoeo,

Eaaeaeue neuoeo, eae ii aeuoeo,

Eae ii aeuoeo, oae e ieoao,

Ia noa?aynue oaiaeeoue.

Eiaiii oae i?ienoiaeeo i?ioeann oai?/anoaa.

E eae auaaao iaiaeeaeaiii e o?iaaoaeueii aeey ainueieeeannieeia ia eo
iineaaeiai o?iea, eiaaea y iieacuaath nio?aieaoeany o iaiy eo oai?/aneea
?aaiou: yneecu einothiia aa?iaa aaeaoa E.No?aaeineiai “Iao?ooea”,
?enoiee, a eioi?uo aeaoe caia/aoeaee “?annaao ia Iineaa-?aea”,
“Oa/aieo”, “Iiioa?a”, “Ia?aiaei/eo”. Neieueei yiioeee!

Iaaiciiaeii en/a?iuaathua inaaoeoue ana a?aie i?iaeaiu iauaiey ia o?ieao
iocuee. Aeaaiia caaeoiaoueny iaae i?iaeaiaie ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai i?ioeanna
iauaiey niaianoiie iocueaeueii-oai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe o/eoaey e
o/aieeia. Niaianoiay iocueaeueii-oai?/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue o/eoaey e
o/aieea – aio noa?aeaiue, ii?aaeaeythuee niaea?aeaiea iauaiey ia o?iea.
Iao/athuea, ?acaeaathuea e ainieoaoaeueiua caaea/e o?iea aeieaeiu auoue
ia?ac?uaii naycaiu a aaeeiii i?ioeanna iocueaeueii-oai?/aneiai iauaiey.
Eae oaeeaeoaeueii i?ae?anai eeann, eiaaea y ea?ath “Neai?ooea i?iuaaony”
O.Iiiaoaiei, a aeaoe ia/eiatho iioeoiia/eo iiaeiaaaoue, eoi-oi ia/eiaao
ieaaii aeaeaaoueny, ?anea/eaaoueny, eoi-oi caaeoi/eai niio?eo aaeaeue…
Eee, eiaaea neooay oaio Eioee ec neacee N.I?ieioueaaa “Iaoy e Aiee”,
aanue eeann “aeeaao” a iocuea e eaaeaeue ?aaaiie niia?aaeeaaao
ii-naiaio: eoi-oi ionooeeaaao iaeueoeaie ?eoie/aneee ?enoiie iaeiaeee,
eoi-oi aeaeaeaieai au?aceoaeueii ia?aaeaao oi?oaoth aeaeoth iaeiaeeth. E
ia/eiaaony oai?/anoai aeaoae a ii?aaeaeaiee oa?aeoa?a-ia?aca
i?icao/aaoae iocuee: “Oeuiue oeo?ue caa?ae”; “Inoi?iaeiue – yoi eio”; “O
eioa/ee iyaeea eaiee, iia inoi?iaeii e?aaeaony”.

Iaeiei ec iaoiaeieiae/aneeo iieiaeaiee i?ia?aiiu yaeyaony ii?aaeaeaiea
aaeeiie oeaeinoiie iocueaeueii-oai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe eae ?ane?uoey
aeeciaiiiai niaea?aeaiey iocuee, inouanoaeyaiie a ?aciiia?aciuo oi?iao
iauaiey n eneonnoaii.

IAIEA EAE NINOIssIEA AeOOE.

“Ai?yo, eae aea?, neiaa

Eeue noaioo, neiaii eaiie,-

Caaeneo io oiai,

*ai iaaeaeee eo ou,

Eaeeie e iei a naie /an

I?eo?iioeny ?oeaie

E neieueei ioaeae ei

Aeooaaiie oaieiou”

E.Ai?thiiaa

I?aaeeiaeaiiua iooe aoiaeaeaiey a ianith, ?iaeaeaaiua naiie iocueie e
aeaoueie, – iicaieytho iia ?ane?uaaoue e iaoiaeeoue ana iiaua e iiaua
?aciiia?aciua iooe aieaeueii-oi?iaiai ioceoee?iaaiey, iicaieytho
iinoaiaiii iaeaaeaoue oai iaoiaee/aneei aiaaonoaii, eioi?ia oaeony a
eneonnoaa; ioe?uaatho oai?/aneoth naiaiaeo a iaoiaeaeaiee naieo
aaoi?neeo aa?eaioia, iiaeoiaeia naiae aei?iae a niaa?oainoaiaaiee
iaaeaaiae/aneiai ianoa?noaa e ianoa?noaa oi?iaenoa?a.

I?eaiu inaiaiey ianie aeieaeiu auoue inaauaiu aa ooaeiaeanoaaiiui
ia?acii, iieiinoueth “au?anoaoue” ec iaai.

Aio eae iiaeao i?ioaeaoue ?aco/eaaiea ?iiaina Y.A?eaa “Caoiae nieioea”.

Iinea ia?aie o?acu o/eoaeue aiai?eo:

– Aa/a?ii oaiue aeeeiiay, a o aan iia ei?ioaiueeay, au aa o?iieee, y ia
aoaeo ia oaeoth oaiue ethaiaaoueny. Naeaeaeoa aa iiiya/a, ?aniieoa.

Iinea eniieiaiey aoi?ie o?acu:

– “Ia caieth” – iaei iieo/eeinue caiee, caeanue ?aniaa, a au aai ia
eniieieee. “Caaana” – “a” – aeoaiei, ?aniaoue, /oiau ieooaoue oaiiioie
anth caieth.

Iinea eniieiaiey ia?aiai eoieaoa o/eoaeue ?aciuoeyao:

N?aaee iieii/iie oeoeiu

*ooue oai/oony aa?acu,

E nuiai caiee i?eoiaeyo niu,

Iaae ie?ii aatho a?acu.

O aan iao oeoeiu. ”E” – ?aniaoue, a “o” – niaoue /ooue neuoii. Aeaniuo
aeieaeii auoue iiiai, a niaeaniuo – /ooue-/ooue… (iiao). “E nuiai” –
niio?eoa, eae ethaeo ethaeae Y.A?ea. “A” – iiyoue aeoaiei, “aatho a?acu”
– iyaei, eae ia aieiao. Au neuoeoa, eaeeie /oanoaaie aeaeeony n iaie
eiiiiceoi?, aio e iinoa?aeoanue niaoue oae, eae yoi ia?aaeeaae A?ea.
Ia?aaeaeoa yoo e?anioo i?e?iaeu, aeoaeio /oanoaa. Eiiiiceoi? aan
neooaao. (O/eoaeue noaaeo ia?aae aeaoueie ii?o?ao eiiiiceoi?a. Aeaoe
eniieiytho ianith.)

Inaiaiea aeaoueie niiniaia au?aaeaiey naiae eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoe a
eniieieoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe aeieaeii i?ioiaeeoue a i?ioeanna
iaeiieaiey e “i?iaeeaaiey” eie ?aciiia?aciuo yiioeeiiaeueiuo ninoiyiee,
iinoiyiiay “o?aie?iaea” eioi?uo e aeaao iiaia ea/anoai – ?acaeoey eo eae
oai?/aneie eoeueoo?iie e aeooiaiie ee/iinoe.

N?aaee ?aciiia?aciuo oai?/aneeo caaeaiee a aieaeueii-oi?iaii
ioceoee?iaaiee iiaeii iacaaoue neaaeothuea: au?aceoaeueiia i?iecianaiea
oaenoa ?aco/eaaaiie ianie, i?eaeeaeathuaany e iocueaeueiiio
eioiie?iaaieth, eae au aa ?iaeaeaiea; iienee eeoa?aoo?iuo i?iecaaaeaiee,
?iaenoaaiiuo ii ia?aciiio no?ith ?aco/eaaaiiio ni/eiaieth e n?aaiaiea
iiyoe/aneie eioiiaoeee n iaeiaee/aneei no?iai, eae ia?aiin
eioiiaoeeiiii-?a/aaiai iiuoa aeaoae ia ?acee/iua oi?iu ioceoee?iaaiey;
ni/eiaiea iiaeaieineia; ie?oaeaiea ?aco/eaaaiie ianie “aaa?ii” noiaeiuo,
?iaenoaaiiuo eioiiaoeee, iicaieythuaa iai?iecaieueii oi?ie?iaaoue o
aeaoae iaiauaiiue ia?ac iaeiaeee, aioo?aiiaa neuoaiea eioiiaoeee aeaiiie
ianie; aeoeaiia aeeth/aiea a ea?iaua neooaoeee, a aeeaeiae –
iocueaeueiue “?acaiai?”; niiinoaaeaiea iaeiaeee, ioaeaeueiuo
iocueaeueiuo o?ac ia iniiaa eioiiaoeeiiiiai iinoeaeaiey. Iaeeo/oee
i?eai, eiaaea aeaoe, “i?iaeeaay” oaeno ianai ?iaeaeatho, niceaeatho,
oai?yo naie aa?eaiou iaeiaeee, /anoi i?eaeeaeathueony e aaoi?neiio
caiuneo. Ii?ie o aeaoae aicieeatho aeinoaoi/ii i?eaeiaeueiua
ooaeiaeanoaaiiua ?aoaiey.

Eae i?eyoii, eiaaea aeaoe oioyo iiaeaeeoueny ni iiie naiei oai?aieai –
ianiae. Eee aeaaea aeaeay niaoue aa ia?aae eeannii. Ia noaniythony
/aoaa?ieeannieee i?iniee?iaaoue ni/eiaiiua ia oeieueiua oaiu /anoooee.
Ieacuaaaony eioa?aniui oai?/aneei i?ioeannii nicaeaiea aa?eaoeee, a
oaeaea yieciaeia e oi?ia ?iiaei.

Aieueooth oai?/aneoth ?aaeinoue aeinoaaeytho iia iiaeaioiaee e
i?iaaaeaiey o?ieia-eiioea?oia (iniaaiii i?aeoeeoth yoi a 4-5-6 eeannao).
Aeaoyi i?aaeony oaeay oi?ia. Iu i?eaeaoaai ?iaeeoaeae, o/eoaeae noaoue
i/aaeaeoeaie niaianoiiai oai?/anoaa.

* * *

?aia?ooa?, eniieuecoaiue aeey iaiey, aeeth/aao o?e ?acaeaea: ia?iaeiua
ianie, oaiu ec eeanne/aneeo i?iecaaaeaiee, ianie ioa/anoaaiiuo e
ca?oaaaeiuo eiiiiceoi?ia.

ss iiaeae?ath ianie, a eioi?uo ia?aae ?aayoaie ?ane?uaathony nia?aiaiiua
i?iaeaiu, iaua/aeiaa/aneea oaiu. Iaaei o/eoue aeaoae, iiae?inoeia
aeoiaoue, ?aciuoeyoue. Noa?athnue aeaaaoue ?aayoai iocueo, eae naio
aeeciue, aaneiia/ii iaiythuothny, niiniaioth e i?aa?auaieth e oaeia.
Anee yoi ianoiyuaa i?iecaaaeaiea eneonnoaa, aai iaaiciiaeii iiciaoue aei
eiioea. Oaeiau aeey iaiy iiiaea ianie A.Ieoaeaeaau. Noa?oaeeannieee n
oaeiaieuenoaeai iitho: “Iiaeaeaiea ae?ocueyi”, “Aei naeaeaiey,
iaeue/eee”.

Aiiaua iie o/aieee iiiai iitho, ethayo iaoue. Auaaao, /oi iinea iaeiiai
o?iea, aaea ii/oe ia auei iaiey, neaaeoao iiae?yae ianeieueei, a eioi?uo
oaia /aoaa?oe ?aoaaony eneeth/eoaeueii ia ianaiiii iaoa?eaea. I?ia?aiia
i?aaeoniao?eaaao aiciiaeiinoue iiaeiaiiai ieaie?iaaiey, eiaaea yoi
ii?aaaeaii.

“Ianiy, ianiy, /oi ou iiaeaoue naeaeaoue n na?aeoeai /aeiaaea!” – yoe
neiaa Ae.Oo?iaiiaa noaiiayony yiea?aoii e o?ieai a oanoii eeanna (o.
“I?aia?acothuay neea iocuee”). E aio o/aieoea i?aaeeaaaao ?aco/eoue ia
o?iea iiaoth ianith Ioe/eeia “Ianiy – oaie aa?iue ae?oa”, a eioi?ie iu
/oanoaoai e oaaaeaeaainy a aaeeeie neea e ?iee ianie a aeecie /aeiaaea.
Iinea ?aco/eaaiey, o/aieoea naia aeeiiiaie?oao eeanniiio oi?o.

Iaaiciiaeii ia cao?iiooue ?aia?ooa? iaoeo ioa/anoaaiiuo ?ie-a?oii,
eiaaea ?a/ue eaeao i eaaeie e na?ueaciie iocuea a ainueiii eeanna. E
oiaaea iu ia?auaainy e ianiyi “Iaoeiu a?aiaie”, “Nae?aoa”, “AeAeO”,
“Aeenu”. Iaeioi?ua ec ieo ?aco/eaaai e eniieiyai. Anoue a iaoai
?aia?ooa?a oai?/anoai TH.Aioiiiaa, TH.Aecai?a, A.Yoiay.

* * *

“Ia?iaeiay ianiy a iaaeaaiaeea anoue iineoaeueieoea aeeauo
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo iniia iaoeeiiaeueiiai ainieoaiey” (N.Ie?iiieueneee).

Iaeaieaa eioa?aniui, i?inoui e aeinooiiui oieueeei?iui iaoa?eaeii aeey
o/aueony ia/aeueiuo eeannia iiaoo neoaeeoue n/eoaeee, caaaaeee, ea?u,
caeee/ee, i?eaaooee, ae?acieeee, a oaeaea ia?yaeiaua ianie. Noa?aynue
?ane?uoue oai?/aneoth eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoue eaaeaeiai ?aaaiea, y
oaaee/eaath /enei ia?iaeiuo ianai, i?aaeeiaeaiiuo i?ia?aiiie. A ia?aii
eeanna aeaoe ethayo iaoue “Ai?iia”. Yoa ianiy aeaao aiciiaeiinoue
i?iyaeoue naay oai?/anee a au?aceoaeueiinoe iocueaeueii-ea?iaiai ia?aca.
Aeaoe naie euoo aeaeaeaiey, oa?aeoa?ecothuea ia?niiaae: “ai?ii a e?aniuo
naiiaao, iiciei/aiiuo na?ueaao”.

Anee ?oeiaiaeeoue oai?/aneei i?ioeannii, oi aeaoe iieo/atho aieaa
aeoeaiia iocueaeueiia ?acaeoea: i?iecaieueii iieuecothony iaa/aneeie
eioiiaoeeyie, auno?aa onaaeaatho iaeiaeee ianai, o ieo oi?ie?oaony
neooiaie eiio?ieue iaae naiei eniieiaieai e o.ae.

A /aoaa?oii eeanna iu iiai eieyaeee, caeee/ee, a eioi?uo ?aayoa
noa?athony eneaoue naith eiaeeaeaeoaeueioth iaia?o eniieiaiey.

Iinoaiaiii ia?iaeii-ea?iaua oi?iu caiyoee iiaoo noaoue iio?aaiinoueth
aeey o/eoaey e o/aieeia, iioiio /oi i?ioeann niaianoiiai oai?/anoaa
aoaeao i?eiineoue ?aaeinoue anai.

EII?IAECAOeEss.

Aioiaynue e caiyoeyi, iiaeii neieueei oaiaeii i?iaeoiuaaoue eiaeeo
inaiaiey oiai eee eiiai iocueaeueiiai i?iecaaaeaiey. Ii eiaaea o/eoaeue
i?eoiaeeo e aeaoyi, ana aai aeaenoaey aeieaeiu auaeyaeaoue
iaiin?aaenoaaiiuie, anoanoaaiiuie, ?iaeaeaynue e ?acaeaaynue ia aeacao o
?aayo. Caeanue eii?iaecaoeeiiiinoue eae i?eioeei ?aaiou n o/aueieny
iineaaeiaaoaeueii ?aaeecoaony ai anao oi?iao iauaiey o/eoaey, aeaoae e
iocuee. A aeaoneay iocueaeueiay eii?iaecaoeey, n /aai ia/eiaaony iia?
Eaeea iaauee aeey iaa iaiaoiaeeiu?.. Iaaa?iia, au neaaeeoa: neoo,
iaiyoue, /oanoai ?eoia, ?acaeoia eaaeiaia /oanoai, iuouaiea oi?iu e i?.
Aea yoe ea/anoaa ioaeiu, ii eii?iaecaoeey ia/eiaaony ia n ?eoii-oi?ioe,
eioi?ua iaaei ?acaeoue; ia n iaeiaee/aneeo iai?ioia, eioi?ua iaaei
i?eni/eieoue e oaea caaeaiiui; e aeaaea ia n i?aaeeiaeaiiie eioiiaoeee,
eioi?oth iaaei i?iaeieaeeoue… Oeaiiinoue eii?iaecaoeee eae
iaoiaee/aneiai i?eaia a ?aaioa n aeaoueie – ia a oiaiee nicaeaaaoue
iocueaeueiua eiino?oeoeee, a a iio?aaiinoe, aioiaiinoe e au?aaeaieth
aeooaaiiai ninoiyiey, aaaeiie iunee, aia/aoeaiey. Oieueei i?e oaeii
ia/aea eii?iaece?iaaiey eae oai?/aneiai i?ioeanna iiaeii oaea
i?aaeneacaoue iiyaeaiea ia oai?aoe/anee cai?ia?aiie?iaaiiie, caaa?oaiiie
ia iniiaa i?aaee, naeaeaiiie ii ia?acoeo iocueaeueiie oi?iu, a ionoue
?iaeia e iaeaiia, ii naiinoiyoaeueiia “ac?aueaaiea” iocueaeueiie iunee,
eioi?ay iiaeao au?aceoueny iiae/an a iai?aaeaeaeaiiie oi?ia.

Eii?iaecaoeey – yoi iaeei ec iooae ?acaeoey oai?/aneeo niiniaiinoae
o/aieea. Iia i?iiecuaaao aanue o?ie, anth iocueaeueioth aeayoaeueiinoue
oeieueieeia: a ioaaoa ia iinoaaeaiiue aii?in, a ieanoe/aneii
eioiie?iaaiee, a eino?oiaioaeueiii ioceoee?iaaiee, a ae?aiaoecaoeee.
Aunoei i?iyaeaieai iaaeaaiae/aneiai ianoa?noaa yaeyaony
eii?iaecaoeeiiiue niinia aaaeaiey o?iea – o?iea, naiaiaeiiai io ooaiia.

“Oai?/aneia ia/aei iiaeao i?iyaeyoueny oaea n ia?aiai eeanna: a
naiaia?acee ioaaoia (a ia oieueei a eo i?aaeeueiinoe), a no?aieaiee
naiiio caaeaaaoue aii?inu o/eoaeth (a ia oieueei ioaa/aoue ia aai
aii?inu), a nianoaaiiuo i?aaeeiaeaieyo i oa?aeoa?a eniieiaiey
iocueaeueiuo i?iecaaaeaiee, a ino?ioa neooiaie iaaethaeaoaeueiinoe,
i?iyaeythuae naay a ?anneacao i iocuea, oneuoaiiie aia oeieu…”
(Ae.Eaaaeaaneee), – iaeia ec noi?ii eii?iaecaoeee. Aieaeueiay
eii?iaecaoeey – ae?oaay noi?iia oai?/aneiai ?acaeoey oeieueieeia.

Caiyoey eii?iaecaoeeae iiaoo i?aneaaeiaaoue aeaa acaeiinaycaiiua oeaee:
ia?aoth – au?aaioeo eioiiaoeeiiiiai e eaaeiaiai neooa, aoi?oth –
?acaeoea oai?/aneie oaioacee. *aua anaai i?e eii?iaece?iaaiee io o/aieea
o?aaoaony oiaiea i?iaeieaeeoue ia/aooth o/eoaeai iaeiaeeth e caaa?oeoue
aa a oiieea caaeaiiie oiiaeueiinoe. Ia ?yaeo n yoei aeinoaoi/ii oe?iei
?ani?ino?aiaiiui i?eaiii ia neaaeoao ioeacuaaoueny e io ae?oaiai –
eii?iaece?iaaiey iaeiaeee n auoiaeii ca i?aaeaeu i?eau/iuo
iaaei?ii-ieii?iuo eaaeiauo niioiioaiee, eiaaea iaeiaeey aiana
iaiaycaoaeueii aeieaeia caaa?oaoueny oiieeie, a iiaeao ooiaeeoue ai
anaaiciiaeiua “aii?ineoaeueiua”, “iacaaa?oaiiua” eioiiaoeee.
Eii?iaecaoeee iiaoo auoue e ?eoie/aneea, e naycaiiua n eniieiaieai
(eciaiythuea oa?aeoa?, oaii, aeeiaieeo eniieiaiey) e o.ae. – oaeiai
?iaea i?eaiu eii?iaece?iaaiey oaeaea aeinoaoi/ii oe?iei ?ani?ino?aiaiu.

Niciaoaeueiua caiyoey eii?iaecaoeeae n iii?ie ia iiieiaiea oiai, /oi
oaeia eioiiaoeey e eae ec iaa (eae ec ca?ia) au?aueaaaony iaeiaeey,
i?aaeoniao?eaathony a i?ia?aiia eeoue ni aoi?iai eeanna. Iniiaiui
noa?aeiai i?e onaiaiee oaiu “Eioiiaoeey” (ai aoi?ii eeanna) iiaoo auoue
niaianoiua ?aciuoeaiey o/eoaey e o/aueony i oii, eaeoth
au?aceoaeueii-ecia?aceoaeueioth iaa?oceo ianoo a naaa oa eee eiua
eioiiaoeee, eae a “ca?ia-eioiiaoeee” ieacuaaaony caeiaeaiiui oa?aeoa?
oeaeiai i?iecaaaeaiey.

Oeieueieee oaaaeaeathony a yoii naie, i?iaoy neeu a eii?iaecaoeee ia
caaeaiioth ei eioiiaoeeth. Iiaeii i?aaeeiaeeoue ?aayoai
“ca?ii-eioiiaoeeth”, e iie ii i/a?aaee “au?aueaatho” ec iaeaiueeiai
“ca?iuoea” caeii/aiioth iaeiaee/aneoth o?aco, noa?aynue i?e yoii
auaea?aeaoue oa?aeoa?, caeiaeaiiue a ia/aeueiie eioiiaoeee.

Iie aoi?ieeannieee i/aiue ethayo i?eaeoiuaaoue, eiiaeie?iaaoue, /oi-oi
nicaeaaaoue. Iiiaea iocueaeueiua i?iecaaaeaiey aeatho aiciiaeiinoue
i?iyaeoue naay oai?/anee a aeaeaeaieyo, einoeaie?iaeao ianai. I?eia?ii
yaeyaony “Eociaoe” E.A?naaaa. Aeaoe aeaeyony ia aeaa a?oiiu – eociaoeu e
anaaeieee, eniieiyy, eaaeaeay iii/a?aaeii eii?iaece?oao ia?aciua
aeaeaeaiey iiae/a?eeaay oa?aeoa?iua iniaaiiinoe naiaai ia?niiaaea. Oaeia
aea oai?/aneia caaeaiea iie iieo/atho i?e eniieiaiee nei?iaiai?ee
Ae.Eaaaeaaneiai “Aa?aaai”.

Aeoeaecaoeey oai?/aneie oaioacee e oai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe o/aueony
caaeneo, eiia/ii, a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue io iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe e yoie ?aaioa
naiiai o/eoaey, io o?iaiy aai nianoaaiiiai oai?/aneiai ?acaeoey,
iocueaeueiiai aeona, oai?aoe/aneie iiaeaioiaee. Iiyoiio eii?iaecaoeeth
iaeuecy ?anniao?eaaoue eae iaycaoaeueioth /anoue i?ia?aiiu oeieueiuo
caiyoee iocueie, e ionoonoaea aa ia iiaeao ?anniao?eaaoueny eae
iaaeinoaoie a i?iaaaeaiee o?ieia iocuee.

IEANOE*ANEIA EIOIIE?IAAIEA.

“Ieanoe/aneia eioiie?iaaiea”- yoi iaeei ec niiniaia, iaeia ec
aiciiaeiinoae “i?iaeeaaiey” ia?acia, eiaaea ethaie aeano, aeaeaeaiea
noaiiayony oi?iie yiioeeiiaeueiiai au?aaeaiey niaea?aeaiey. AEano,
aeaeaeaiea, ieanoeea iaeaaeaao iniaaiiui naienoaii iaiauaoue
yiioeeiiaeueiia ninoiyiea. Niiniaiinoue o/eoaey iaeoe oaeea iaiauathuea
aeaeaeaiey, eioi?ua au au?aceee aeaaiia: aeooaaiia ninoiyiea,
io?aaeaiiia a iocuea,- yoi niiniaiinoue ?aoaao i/aiue iiiaia, eai yoe
aeaeaeaiey iiaoo noaoue ianoieueei iiiyoiuie, ianoieueei “ca?aceoue”
aeaoae yiioeeyie, /oi aoeaaeueii ioiaaeaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue a
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiuo aanaaeao ii iiaiaeo oa?aeoa?a iocuee… Anee au iu n
?aiieo eao ?acaeaaee a aeaoyo niiniaiinoue “aioo?aiiaai i?iea?uaaiey”
iocuee, “ieanoe/aneiai i?iiaaaiey” aa eaaeaeie eeaoi/eie naiaai oaea,
naiae aeooe, ianeieueei iniuneaiiaa, aeaenoaaiiaa auei au inaiaiea
aeaoueie iocuee, i?i/oanoaiaaiiaa auei au aa eniieiaiea!..

Ieanoe/aneia eioiie?iaaiea yoi ethaia aeaeaeaiea /aeiaa/aneiai oaea,
aucaaiiia iocueie e au?aaeathuaa aa ia?ac. Iii naycaii ni anaie aeaeaie
eniieieoaeueneiai eneonnoaa – aeaeaeaiey iocueaioa iiae/an
“aeiaiaa?eaatho” oaeiue niune iocuee, eioi?ue neuoeo oieueei yoio
iocueaio. Eiiaaea ieanoe/aneia eioiie?iaaiea aicieeaao niiioaiii (io
“ia?aecauoea” /oanoa), ii, ciay ia?ac?uaiinoue iocueaeueiie e
ieanoe/aneie au?aceoaeueiinoe, o/eoaeue aeieaeai iiaoaeaeaoue ?aayo
aini?eieiaoue iocueo ia oieueei neooii, ii e n iiiiuueth
iocueaeueii-?eoie/aneiai aeaeaeaiey.

Aeaeaeaiey iiaoo auoue ?acee/iuie – io aeaeiai ienoiaeyuaai aeaeaeaiey
?oee aei eieoaoeee ea?u ia iocueaeueiuo eino?oiaioao a oa?aeoa?a iocuee
(“Aanaeue iocueaio” A.Oeeeiiaiei); io iiea/eaaiey ei?ionii (caiaa ianie
“Ae?oaeao aeaoe anae caiee” Ae.Eueaiaa-Eiiiaiaeoea) aei ?aaeinoiiai
oaioea (aa i?eiaaa); io eaaeiai oaaa aei oi?iaiaea (?.i.i. “Ai iiea
aa?aca noiyea”).

Aeaoe /aua aeaeoo iieaca aioiaiai aa?eaioa ieanoe/aneiai au?aaeaiey, /ai
naie aai i?eaeoiuaatho. Iiyoiio eo/oa ia?aie/eaaoueny oieueei iaiaeaie e
iiaeneaceaie, niiniaiuie iiii/ue ?aaaieo. Aaaeii – naiaiaea oai?/anoaa.

Ia naieo o?ieao y /anoi iieuecothnue i?eaiii eniieiaiey iocuee
aeaeaeaieai, aeanoii – “ieanoe/aneei eioiie?iaaieai”. Yoi iiiiaaao
?aayoai iuooeoue i?ioyaeaiiinoue o?acu eee ianeiiao?e/iinoue o?ace?iaee,
ii/oanoaiaaoue a ioeuenaoeee oa?aeoa? oiai eee eiiai i?iecaaaeaiey,
iieacaoue iniaaiiinoe ?acaeoey, ?acaa?ouaaiey iocuee, a oaeaea i?iyaeoue
naay a oai?/aneii iienea.

Oae ai aoi?ii eeanna ?aayoa, i?ineooaa o?aaiaio ec “Oo?a” A?eaa,
i?ae?anii ni?aaeythony n caaeaieai iieacaoue aeaeaeaieai, eae
?acaeaaeanue iocuea (?oee aeaoae ieaaii iiaeieiathony aaa?o, iieacuaay
eae ainoiaeeo nieioea). Ia?auath aieiaiea ianeieueei au?aceoaeueiu
aeanou ?aayo, ioaa/atho ee iie oa?aeoa?o iocuee.

Iiaeii i?eaanoe a i?eia? aee?eaea?a – /aeiaaea, eioi?ue, ia ea?ay nai ia
eino?oiaioa, a oi aea a?aiy “ea?aao” oaeei eieinnaeueiui eino?oiaioii,
eae i?eano?. Cia/eo, anoue a aeanoa aee?eaea?a /oi-oi oaeia, /oi aeaao
ii/oanoaiaaoue eioiiaoeeiiii-ia?aciue niune iocuee. Aeaeaeaiea -yoi
c?eiay iocuea, ia neo/aeii nae/an ia noeaia iiyaeeenue ieanoe/aneea
o?aeoiaee iiiaeo eino?oiaioaeueiuo e aieaeueiuo i?iecaaaeaiee.
Eniieiaiea iocuee aeaeaeaieai aeaao o/eoaeth oaeaeaoue, eae neuoeo
iocueo eaaeaeue o/aiee. A oi aea a?aiy eniieiaiea iocuee aeaeaeaieai
?ane?aiiuaao ?aayo e canoaaeyao eo neooaoue i?iecaaaeaiea io ia/aea aei
eiioea, ia “aueeth/aynue”. Eiaaea iaiyaony oa?aeoa? iocuee, iiiaioaeueii
aeaeii, ianeieueei /ooei oeiaeee yoe eciaiaiey aeaoe, a cia/eo,
ianeieueei iie auee aieiaoaeueiu.

Oai?/aneia aiia?aaeaiea ia?aieeannieeai, a i?ioeanna iiaeaee?iaaiey
ia?aca oaioeaaaeueiie iocuee “Aaeuena-oooee” Ae.Oinoaeiae/a,
iiaeneacuaaao oa?aeoa? aeaeaeaiee. I?e iiiiue iocuee e ieanoeee iu
niaianoii nicaeaai ianoiyuoth oaioeaaaeueioth ieieaoth?o, a eioi?ie
ia?aaeaai naia /oanoaiaaiea e aeaeaiea oaioeaaaeueiie iocuee.

Naiinoiyoaeueiay oai?/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue aeaoae naycaia n
ieanoe/aneei eioiie?iaaieai eiio?anoiuo iocueaeueiuo ia?acia aaeaoa
N.I?ieioueaaa “Cieooea” (“Aaeuen e Iieii/ue”) a ia?aii eeanna /a?ac
naiaiaeiia aee?eaee?iaaiea, iiene eeiee aeanoa, aeaeaeaiey a ia?aaea/e
aacaeooiiai cao/aiey /ania, eieoaoeee iaeiiia?aciuo oaea?ia
iayoieea-?iaioa.

Cao/eo “A?aaiineay oioa” I.Aeeiee. Aeaoe i/aiue ethayo yoo iocueo. Ii
aieaa yiioeeiiaeueii ii/oanoaiaaoue aoiinoa?o i?acaeie/iiai aanaeuey
iiiiaeao ei e ieanoe/aneia eioiie?iaaiea oiou, iiene au?aceoaeueiuo
aeanoia, iic, aeaeaeaiee, ecia?aceoaeueiuo iiiaioia.

*aeiaae iiiaiio o/eony /a?ac aeaeaeaiea, niaaeeiaiiia n iocueie. Iiyoiio
a iaoae oeiea aue aaaaeai o?ie ?eoieee, ia eioi?ii o/aueony ia/aeueiuo
eeannia y iao/aea oaioeo (“Noaea?ooea”, “?onneee ee?e/aneee”, “Iieueea”,
“Aa?o-aa?o” e ae?.). Aaaeue oaiaoe aeaao aiciiaeiinoue “aaanoe ?aayo ai
ana yiioe, ia?aaeeoue ethaia a?aiy – aaaeue yoi enoi?ey, eioi?ay
iaeeaaao a aeanoa, yoi ianoiyuee oaao?…”

EINO?OIAIOAEUeIIA IOCEOeE?IAAIEA.

Ae?aaiea ?eieyia n/eoaee, /oi ei?aiue o/aiey ai?ae. Ii eiaaea o/eoaeue
i?ecuaaao a nithcieee eioa?an, eiaaea aeaoe ca?aaeathony aeaaeaeie
ciaiee, no?aieaieai e aeoeaiiio, oai?/aneiio o?oaeo, ei?aiue o/aiey
iaiyao naie aeon e aucuaaao o aeaoae aiieia caei?iaue aiiaoeo. Eioa?an a
iao/aiee ia?ac?uaii naycai n /oanoaii oaeiaieuenoaey e ?aaeinoe, eioi?ia
aeinoaaeytho /aeiaaeo ?aaioa e oai?/anoai. Eioa?an e ?aaeinoue iiciaiey
iaiaoiaeeiu, /oiau aeaoe auee n/anoeeau.

?acaeoeth iiciaaaoaeueiiai eioa?ana niinianoaoao oaeay i?aaiecaoeey
iao/aiey, i?e eioi?ie o/aiee aeaenoaoao aeoeaii, aiaeaeaaony a i?ioeann
naiinoiyoaeueiiai iienea e ioe?uoey iiauo ciaiee, ?aoaao aii?inu
i?iaeaiiiai, oai?/aneiai oa?aeoa?a. Oieueei i?e aeoeaiii ioiioaiee
o/aueony e aeaeo, eo iaiin?aaenoaaiiii o/anoee a “nicaeaiee” iocuee
i?iaoaeaeaaony eioa?an e eneonnoao.

Ia?iiioth ?ieue a ?aaeecaoeee yoeo caaea/ ea?aao iaee/ea a eaaeiaoa
iocuee ?acee/iuo iocueaeueiuo eino?oiaioia e eo eniieueciaaiea a
i?ioeanna ?aaiou n o/aoii aiciiaeiinoae o/aieeia e eo aic?anoa.

Eino?oiaioaeueiia ioceoee?iaaiea – yoi oai?/aneee i?ioeann aini?eyoey
iocuee /a?ac ea?o ia aeinooiiuo ?aaaieo iocueaeueiuo eino?oiaioao. Oi/o
aua ?ac iiae/a?eiooue iuneue i acaeiii?iieeiiaaiee anao aeaeia
iocueaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe a i?ioeanna aeoeaiiai aini?eyoey iocuee.
Oae, eino?oiaioaeueiia ioceoee?iaaiea naiui oaniui ia?acii naycaii ni
neooaieai iocuee, aieaeueii-oi?iaui eniieiaieai, eii?iaecaoeeae.

I?eiauay aeaoae e iocuea /a?ac eino?oiaioaeueiia ioceoee?iaaiea,
niaeaenoaiaaoue eo oai?/anoao, iaiaoiaeeii iiiieoue neaaeothuaa:

o/aiee aeaenoaoao oae, eae aio iiaeneacuaaao aai iocueaeueiay eiooeoeey;

o/eoaeue iiiiaaao aua?aoue iocueaeueiue eino?oiaio, niioaaonoaothuee
noeeth e iocueaeueiiio ia?aco i?iecaaaeaiey;

o/eoaeue iiiiaaao o/aieeo iaeoe i?eai eniieiaiey.

I?eia?ii eniieueciaaiey yoiai ia iieo o?ieao iiaeao neoaeeoue “Naia?i
eiceyo” ec iia?u I.Eiaaey “Aiee e naia?i eiceyo”. Aeaoneia oai?/anoai
ia/eiaaony n “ianeaaeiaaiey” caoeiauo aiciiaeiinoae eino?oiaioia,
eioi?ua y ei i?aaeeaaath. Auai? naeaeai – aoaai e o?aoaieueiee. Nia/aea
iu aniiieiaai (ciaeiinoai ninoiyeinue ?aiueoa), eae ioaeii aa?aaeii
a?aoue a ?oee eino?oiaio e eniieiyoue ia iai naia iano?iaiea
(eino?oiaioaeueiay eii?iaecaoeey). A oa/aiee ianeieueeeo o?ieia oea
aieaeueii-oi?iaay ?aaioa iaae eniieiaieai oi?a, e ?aayoa iaeaieeaaee
yiioeee e /oanoaa. E aio eoia – y ea?ath ia oi?oaieaii a ainaiaea n
iaeiei ec o/aieeia, a ?aayoa iiiiaatho iia aeeiiiaie?iaaoue naiei
iaeaiueeei i?eano?ii. Iaoa eniieiaiea aeieaeii oe?aneoue iocueo
I.Eiaaey.

Ecaanoiue e aeaaiaeaoiue i?eia? ioceoee?iaaiey ia aeaoneeo eino?oiaioao
ianiy “Aanaeue iocueaio” A.Oeeeiiaiei, ?.i.i. “Aeii-aeii”,
“Eaia?eineay”, a.i.i. “Ia?aiaei/ea”, “A?aaiineay oioa” I.Aeeiee,
“Eociaoe” E.A?naaaa, “Neai?ooea i?iuaaony” O.Iiiaoaiei. A o?aoueai
eeanna ciaeiieiny e ioceoee?oai ia eino?oiaioao ?onneiai ia?iaeiiai
i?eano?a (a iniiaiii n oaea?iuie) a i?iecaaaeaieyo: ?.i.i. “Naaoeo
ianyoe”, “Ici?iua /anoooee” ?.Uaae?eia, “Ai?iiaaeneea /anoooee” e ae?.

Ana /aua e /aua cao/eo iocuea aaeeeeo eeanneeia a eniieiaiee aeaoae,
o/aueony a iocueaeueiie oeiea. Iie i?iyaeytho aeaeaiea aunooieoue ia?aae
?aayoaie naiaai eeanna i?yii ia o?iea, caeioa?aniaaoue iaeiieeannieeia,
iiaea?eoue ei /anoe/eo naiae aeooe. A eeanna oeoi-oeoi. Neiaii
caai?iaeaiiua aeaoe neooatho iaeaiueeeo iocueaioia.

A 7-8 eeannao o/aueany aa?oo a ?oee aeoa?o. E cao/ao ianie aa?aeia, naie
ianie, i?iaoaeaeay a ?aayoao eioa?an, aeoeaiinoue, a aeaaiia aeaeaiea
oai?eoue.

ss aeoiath, /oi ea?a ia eino?oiaioao – eioa?aniay iieaciay iocueaeueiay
aeayoaeueiinoue aeaoae. Yoi iicaieyao oe?aneoue aeeciue ?aaaiea,
?acaea/ue aai e aucaaoue no?aieaiea e nianoaaiiiio oai?/anoao. A
i?ioeanna iao/aiey ea?a ia eino?oiaioao oi?ioi oi?ie?oaony neooiaua
i?aaenoaaeaiey, /oanoai ?eoia, oaia?a, aeeiaieee. ?acaeaaaony
naiinoiyoaeueiinoue a aeaenoaeyo ?aaaiea, aai aieiaiea e
i?aaieciaaiiinoue.

Iaaethaeay, /oi eino?oiaioaeueiia ioceoee?iaaiea aucuaaao ainoi?a,
?aaeinoue o iieo o/aieeia, aeaeaiea eaaeaeiai iii?iaiaaoue naie neeu, y
/anoi eniieuecoth yoo aeayoaeueiinoue aeey iauaai iocueaeueiiai e
oai?/aneiai ?acaeoey.

O?IE IOCUEE – ENOI*IEE

AeEss IOCUEAEUeII-OAI?*ANEIE

AeAssOAEUeIINOE O*EOAEss E O*AUEONss.

O?ie iocuee auaaao ?ac a iaaeaeth. Ii /oiau ciaiey e aia/aoeaiey,
iieo/aiiua aeaoueie ia o?iea, aeaee ?inoee, eaaeaeue o/eoaeue aeieaeai
iiaeoiaoue i aiaeeanniie ?aaioa. Ia o?ieao y noa?athnue aaiaeeoue a
niciaiea aeaoae iocueo eae iaiaoiaeeioth /anoue aeecie. *anoueth aeecie
iieo ?aayo noae oi?. A oi?a iu ia oieueei ?aco/eaaai iiaua
i?iecaaaeaiey, i?iaeieaeay ?acaeaaoue oa iaauee e oiaiey, eioi?ua
i?eia?aee ia o?ieao iocuee. Na?ueaciay ?aaioa aaaeaony a iaeanoe
?acaeoey iocueaeueiuo niiniaiinoae, a iaeanoe inaiaiey aieaea,
?anoe?aiey iaaueia iiiaiaieiniiai iaiey, niaa?oainoaiaaiey
eniieieoaeueneie eoeueoo?u. O?ie iocuee e caiyoey a oi?a caeeaaeuaatho a
?aayoao iniiao iocueaeueiie eoeueoo?u, iicaieytho iia nicaeaaaoue
eieeaeoea oaea/aiiuo, aethaeaiiuo a iocueo ethaeae.

?acoeueoaoii oai?/aneie ?aaiou neoaeao o/anoey a eiioea?oao, oanoeaaeyo
ia oieueei oeieueiuo, ii e ai?iaeneeo. Eaaeaeia aunooieaiea ouaoaeueii
aioiaeony; yoi ainieouaaao oi? e i?eiineo iieueco aeaoyi. Eiioea?o – yoi
ia oieueei ?aaeinoue e i?acaeiee, ii yoi e o?oaeiay, iai?yaeaiiay
?aaioa, ?acoeueoaoii eioi?ie yaeyaony ?iaeaeaiea eneonnoaa.

Ioaeaeueiua iiiaiou o?ieia y i?iaeoiuaath i/aiue aeoaiei aeey
aeaeueiaeoaai eco/aiey ai aiaeeanniie ?aaioa. I?eia?ii iiaeao auoue
“Iiaiaiaeiyy neacea”, aeeth/athuay a naay o?aaiaiou ec oeeeea “A?aiaia
aiaea” I.*aeeianeiai. Yoi aeaao aeaoyi aua aeoaaea iiciaeiieoueny n
aeeciueth e oai?/anoaii eiiiiceoi?a.

Aa/a? a naaeueiii eeanna ?anoe?ee i?aaenoaaeaiey ?aayo i iocuea
eiiiiceoi?ia-ianaiieeia, iinayuaiiie aa?iyi ioa/anoaa. A ninoaaeaiee
noeaia?ey yoie iocueaeueii-eeoa?aoo?iie eiiiiceoeee aeaoe o/anoaiaaee
naie.

Aeeth/aiea oieueeei?a a o?aaeeoeeiiiue o?ie aeaao iia aiciiaeiinoue
aioiaeoue ?acee/iua oieueeei?iua i?acaeieee. ss?eei, ia?aciui, iiyoe/iui
iieo/eeny i?acaeiee “O enoieia ianoa?noaa”, eioi?ue i?iaiaeeee a
niae?oaeanoaa n o/eoaeai ecia?aceoaeueiiai eneonnoaa.

Aieaa aeanyoe eao i?ioei n oao ii?, eae ia/aeinue ?acaeoea
naiiaeayoaeueiiai aieaeueii-eino?oiaioaeueiiai oai?/anoaa a iaoae oeiea.
Eniieieoaeueneay aeayoaeueiinoue oeieueiiai aieaeueii-eino?oiaioaeueiiai
ainaiaey iaiin?aaenoaaiii naycaia n i?eia?aoaieai
iocueaeueii-oai?aoe/aneeo ciaiee, i?aeoe/aneeo iaaueia ea?u ia
iocueaeueiuo eino?oiaioao, ?acaeoeai aieaeueiuo oiaiee. *oi aea
i?eaeaeaei ?aayo ai anao iieieaieyo? Iauaiea n ae?ocueyie, aiciiaeiinoue
ioceoee?iaaoue, aunooiaoue ia?aae ioaeeeie, eioa?anii i?iaiaeeoue
aeinoa. Aeey iiiaeo yoio aeae iocueaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe yaeyeny
n?aaenoaii naiiooaa?aeaeaiey, aeooiaii-oai?/aneiai eneaiey.

Iocuea i?iiecuaaao anth aeeciue iaoae oeieu: eiioea?ou, oanoeaaee,
oo?aiieee, eiieo?nu, EAIu e o.ae. O?aaeeoeeiiiuie noaee i?acaeieee:
“Iiaue aiae”, “Iineaaeiee caiiie”, “Ano?a/a oeieueiuo ae?ocae”,
“Auioneiie aa/a?”.

Aaaeue caaea/a ia oieueei o?iea iocuee, ii e oeieu – n?aaenoaaie
iocueaeueiiai eneonnoaa ainieouaaoue e ?acaeaaoue o ?aayo ynoaoe/aneea
/oanoaa, i?aaeeueiia i?aaenoaaeaiea i i?ae?aniii, ?anoe?youe eo ciaiey,
ainieouaaoue aunieee ooaeiaeanoaaiiue aeon. O?ie iocuee – eiioeuen aeey
aeinoeaeaiey yoeo oeaeae. Ii oai?/aneei eeaea?ii aeieaeai noaoue
o/eoaeue iocuee. Ii aeieaeai no?aieoueny e oai?/anoao, no?aieoueny e
aeaeaeaieth aia?aae. E anee ii eniuouaaao ainoeuaiea ia?aae ie?ii,
?aaioaao iaae niaie, oi yoi aeaeaeaiea aoaeao!

CAEETH*AIEA.

“Oai?eoue – aeeoue aeaaaeaeu.”

A.Eaith

Eae iaeuecy aeaaaeaeu aieoe a iaeio ?aeo, oae iaeuecy i?iaanoe aeaa
iaeeiaeiauo o?iea. Ia oai?/aneee iiene, eii?iaecaoeeth iaiy iiaoaeaeatho
naie ?aayoa, ?aciiia?acea eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoae a eaaeaeii eeanna. E?iia
oiai, aanno?aoea ?eneiaaoue, i?iaoy a eeanna iiaua i?eaiu.

Ii nooe, iocueaeueiay eoeueoo?a iiaeao auoue ii?aaeaeaia eae niceaeaiea
/a?ac oai?/anoai, e niceaeaiea i?aaeaea anaai naiaai aioo?aiiaai ie?a
/a?ac ?aciiia?aciua aeaeu ooaeiaeanoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe. Oai?/aneia
ia/aei, eae niiniaiinoue ?aaaiea nicaeaaaoue naia, iiaia, i?eaeiaeueiia,
eo/oaa – oi?ie?oaony iaeaieaa aeoeaii, eiaaea iocueaeueiay
aeayoaeueiinoue ec “aiaoiaai i?aaeiaoa” oai?/anoaa ia?aoiaeeo ai
aioo?aiiaa ninoiyiea (?aoeaeneth) e noaiiaeony niaea?aeaoaeueiui
auyaeaieai aeaoneiai “ss”.

Aaaeii, /oiau a oai?/aneii ioceoee?iaaiee (iaiee, ea?a ia eino?oiaioao,
aee?eaee?iaaiee, ieanoe/aneii e ?a/aaii eioiie?iaaiee, ?aciuoeaiee e
o.ae.) ?aaaiie “auieaneeaae” naia ninoiyiea, noauaeoeaii “i?iaeeaae”
naia iano?iaiea a iocuea, a ia auiieiye oaoie/aneia caaeaiea o/eoaey.
Ioae?inoue oai?/anoaa caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi ia iaaei “oi?iieoue”
/oanoai iuneueth, iaaei aeiaa?eoueny aanniciaoaeueiie iaeanoe aeooe
?aaaiea. Iinoaiaiii iaeaieeaay e niiinoaaeyy naie aia/aoeaiey,
iocueaeueii-neooiaua i?aaenoaaeaiey, ii aiacaiii ?anoeaaoaao a naieo
oai?/aneeo i?iyaeaieyo, eae aiacaiii ?ane?uaaaony oeaaoie.

NIENIE EEOA?AOO?U.

Ae.Eaaaeaaneee “I?ia?aiia ii iocuea aeey iauaia?aciaaoaeueiie oeieu. 1-3
eeannu” Iineaa, “I?inaauaiea”, 1980.

Ae.Eaaaeaaneee “Iocuea a 4-7 eeannao” Iineaa, “I?inaauaiea”, 1986.

Ae.Eaaaeaaneee “Ainieoaiea oia e na?aeoea” Iineaa, “I?inaauaiea”, 1981.

Iiae ?aae. A.Iao?ianeiai “Ineoieiaey. Neiaa?ue”, Iineaa, “Iieeoecaeao”,
1990.

Ae.Eaaaeaaneee “Eae ?anneacuaaoue aeaoyi i iocuea” Iineaa,
“I?inaauaiea”, 1989.

“Iocuea a oeiea ?1 1990”, Iineaa, “I?inaauaiea”.

“Iocuea a oeiea ?2 1990”, Iineaa, “I?inaauaiea”.

“Iocuea a oeiea ?4 1990”, Iineaa, “I?inaauaiea”.

“Iocuea a oeiea ?1 1991”, Iineaa, “I?inaauaiea”.

“Eneonnoai a oeiea ?2 1994”, Iineaa, “Eneonnoai a oeiea”.

“Eneonnoai a oeiea ?4 1995”, Iineaa, “Eneonnoai a oeiea”.

“Eneonnoai a oeiea ?6 1995”, Iineaa, “Eneonnoai a oeiea”.

A.A?ueei “Aieaeueii-eino?oiaioaeueiua ainaiaee oeieueieeia”, Iineaa,
“I?inaauaiea”, 1990.

Iiae ?aae. E.Aeoaaiiaie “Io oai?/anoaa iaoiaeenoa e oai?/anoao
o/eoaey”, Iineaa, IEE i?iaeai ea/anoaa iiaeaioiaee niaoeeaeenoia, 1993.

I.Ia/aaaa “I?ia?aiia “Iocuea” /.1,2 ”, Na?iooia, 1996.

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