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Психологические теории эмоций

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?inneeneee Oieaa?neoao Ae?oaeau Ia?iaeia

?AOA?AO

II IAAeAAIAEEA

IA OAIO: “Ineoieiae/aneea oai?ee yiioeee”

I?aiiaeaaaoaeue: Oeoae E.E.

Nooaeaioea: Na?aaaa A.A., II-201

Iineaa, 1998 a.

IAEAAEAIEA

TOC \o “1-1” AAAAeAIEA GOTOBUTTON _Toc437843473 PAGEREF
_Toc437843473 3

YAIETHOeEIIIAss OAI?Ess *. AeA?AEIA GOTOBUTTON _Toc437843474
PAGEREF _Toc437843474 4

?OAeEIAIOIAss OAI?Ess YIIOeEE GOTOBUTTON _Toc437843475 PAGEREF
_Toc437843475 4

OAI?EE AeAEAINA ( EAIAA GOTOBUTTON _Toc437843476 PAGEREF
_Toc437843476 5

AEUeOA?IAOEAA E OAI?EE AeAEAINA E EAIAA GOTOBUTTON _Toc437843477
PAGEREF _Toc437843477 7

AEOEAAOeEIIIAss OAI?Ess EEIAeNAss ( OAAAA GOTOBUTTON _Toc437843478
PAGEREF _Toc437843478 8

OAI?Ess EIAIEOEAIIAI AeENNIIAINA E. OANOEIAA?A GOTOBUTTON
_Toc437843479 PAGEREF _Toc437843479 9

EIAIEOEAII-OECEIEIAE*ANEAss OI?Ess N. OAOOA? GOTOBUTTON _Toc437843480
PAGEREF _Toc437843480 10

EIOI?IAOeEIIIAss OAI?Ess I.A.NEIIIIAA GOTOBUTTON _Toc437843481
PAGEREF _Toc437843481 11

CAEETH*AIEA GOTOBUTTON _Toc437843482 PAGEREF _Toc437843482 13

EEOA?AOO?A GOTOBUTTON _Toc437843483 PAGEREF _Toc437843483 14

AAAAeAIEA

Ana iu iinoiyiii eniuouaaai ?acee/iua yiioeee: ?aaeinoue, a?onoue,
ia/aeue e o.ae. E eeanno yiioeee ioiinyony oaeaea /oanoaa, aooaeou,
no?anoe, no?annu. Yiioeee iiiiaatho iai eo/oa iiieiaoue ae?oa ae?oaa.
Ethaee, i?eiaaeeaaeauea e ?acee/iui iaoeeyi, niiniaiu aacioeai/ii
aini?eieiaoue au?aaeaiey /aeiaa/aneiai eeoea. Yoi aeieacuaaao oio oaeo,
/oi aeieacuaaao a?iaeaeaiiue oa?aeoa? yiioeee. Ii ianiio?y ia oi, /oi
yiioeee iinoiyiii nii?iaiaeaeatho ian ii aeecie, iaei eoi ciaao i oii,
ii/aio a iaeioi?ue iiiaio a?aiaie, iu ?aaae?oao oae, a ia eia/a ia oi
eee ae?oaia niauoea. Iii?iaoai i?ineaaeeoue ?acaeoea ineoieiae/aneeo
oai?ee yiioeee.

*enoi ineoieiae/aneeo oai?ee yiioeee, ia cao?aaeaathueo oeceieiae/aneea
e ae?oaea naycaiiua n ieie aii?inu, ia naiii aeaea ia nouanoaoao, a
eaeae, acyoua ec ?aciuo iaeanoae iao/iuo enneaaeiaaiee, a oai?eyo
yiioeee iau/ii ninouanoaotho. Yoi ia neo/aeii, oae eae yiioeeth eae
ineoieiae/aneia yaeaiea o?oaeii ioaeaeeoue io i?ioeannia, i?ienoiaeyueo
a i?aaiecia, e ia?aaeei ineoieiae/aneea e oeceieiae/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee
yiioeeiiaeueiuo ninoiyiee ia i?inoi nii?iaiaeaeatho ae?oa ae?oaa, ii
neoaeao ae?oa aeey ae?oaa iauyniaieai. E?iia oiai, ?yae oai?aoe/aneeo
aii?inia, iai?eia? aii?in i eeanneoeeaoeee e iniiaiuo ia?aiao?ao
yiioeeiiaeueiuo ninoiyiee, ia iiaeao auoue ?aoai aac ia?auaiey e
oeceieiae/aneei ei??aeyoai yiioeee.

Iiiai/eneaiiuie oeceieiae/aneeie eciaiaieyie a i?aaiecia
nii?iaiaeaeaaony anyeia yiioeeiiaeueiia ninoiyiea. Ia i?ioyaeaiee
enoi?ee ?acaeoey aeaiiie iaeanoe ineoieiae/aneeo ciaiee ia ?ac
i?aaei?eieiaeenue iiiuoee naycaoue oeceieiae/aneea eciaiaiey a i?aaiecia
n oaie eee eiuie yiioeeyie e iieacaoue, /oi eiiieaenu i?aaie/aneeo
i?eciaeia, nii?iaiaeaeathuea ?acee/iua yiioeeiiaeueiua i?ioeannu,
aeaenoaeoaeueii ?acee/iu.

Yaiethoeeiiiay oai?ey *. Aea?aeia

A 1972 a. *. Aea?aei iioaeeeiaae eieao “Au?aaeaiea yiioeee o /aeiaaea e
aeeaioiuo”, eioi?ay yaeeanue iiai?ioiui ioieoii a iiieiaiee nayce
aeieiae/aneeo e ineoieiae/aneeo yaeaiee, a /anoiinoe, i?aaiecia e
yiioeee. A iae auei aeieacaii, /oi yaiethoeeiiiue i?eioeei i?eiaiei ia
oieueei e aeioece/aneiio, ii e ineoieiai-iiaaaeai/aneiio ?acaeoeth
aeeaiai, /oi iaaeaeo iiaaaeaieai aeeaioiiai e /aeiaaea iai?ioiaeeiie
i?iianoe ia nouanoaoao. Aea?aei iieacae, /oi ai aiaoiai au?aaeaiee
?aciuo yiioeeiiaeueiuo ninoiyiee, a yeni?anneaii-oaeaniuo aeaeaeaieyo
iiiai iauaai o aio?iiieaeia e neaii?iaeaeaiiuo aeaoae. Yoe iaaethaeaiey
eaaee a iniiao oai?ee yiioeee, eioi?ay iieo/eea iacaaiea yaiethoeeiiiie.
Yiioeee niaeanii yoie oai?ee iiyaeeenue a i?ioeanna yaiethoeee aeeauo
nouanoa eae aeeciaiii aaaeiua i?eniiniaeoaeueiua iaoaieciu,
niinianoaothuea aaeaioaoeee i?aaiecia e oneiaeyi e neooaoeeyi aai
aeecie. Oaeaniua eciaiaiey, nii?iaiaeaeathuea ?acee/iua yiioeeiiaeueiua
ninoiyiey, a /anoiinoe, naycaiiua n niioaaonoaothueie yiioeeyie
aeaeaeaiey, ii Aea?aeio, anoue ia /oi eiia, eae ?oaeeiaiou ?aaeueiuo
i?eniiniaeoaeueiuo ?aaeoeee i?aaiecia. E aeaenoaeoaeueii, iauiinoue
yiioeeiiaeueiuo au?aaeaiee /aeiaaea e, ai anyeii neo/aa aunoeo
aeeaioiuo, noiyueo iaeaieaa aeecei e /aeiaaeo, ianoieueei i/aaeaeia, /oi
ia iiaeaeaaony ieeaeiio inia?eaaieth.

?oaeeiaioiay oai?ey yiioeee

Iinea auoiaea yoie oai?ee, n?aco aue aeai oie/ie aeey aeaoo iai?aaeaiee,
ii eioi?ui iioea ?aaioa ineoieiae/aneie iunee: n iaeiie noi?iiu,
i?iaeieaeay a iieiaeeoaeueiii iai?aaeaiee aea?aeineea eaeae, ?yae
ineoieiaia (/anoueth A. Niaina? e aai o/aieee, /anoueth o?aioeocneea
iiceoeaenou ( O. ?eai e aai oeiea, /anoueth iaiaoeeay aeieiae/anee
i?eaioe?iaaiiay ineoieiaey) noaee ?acaeaaoue eaeae i aeieiae/aneii
i?ienoiaeaeaiee /aeiaa/aneeo yiioeee ec aooaeoeaiuo e einoeieoeaiuo
?aaeoeee aeeaioiuo. Ionthaea e nicaeaeanue ?oaeeiaioiay oai?ey yiioeee.

N oi/ee c?aiey yoie oai?ee au?aceoaeueiua aeaeaeaiey, nii?iaiaeaeathuea
iao no?ao, ?anniao?eaathony eae ?oaeeiaioiua inoaoee aeeaioiuo ?aaeoeee
i?e aaanoaa e iai?iia, a au?aceoaeueiua aeaeaeaiey, nii?iaiaeaeathuea
iao aiaa, ?anniao?eaathony eae ?oaeeiaioiua inoaoee aeaeaeaiee,
nii?iaiaeaeathueo iaeiaaea o iaoeo aeeaioiuo i?aaeeia ?aaeoeeth
iaiaaeaiey. No?ao noae ?anniao?eaaoueny eae caoi?iiaeaiiia aaanoai, a
aiaa ( eae caoi?iiaeaiiay ae?aea. Eia/a aiai?y, ana au?aceoaeueiua
aeaeaeaiey noaee ?anniao?eaaoueny ?ao?iniaeoeaii.

Oaeei ia?acii, iieo/eeinue aia/aoeaiea, /oi e?eaay ?acaeoey yiioeee
eaeao aiec. Ionthaea ciaiaieoia i?aaeneacaiea i oii, /oi /aeiaae
aoaeouaai ( /aeiaae aacyiioeeiiaeueiue.

Oai?ee Aeaeaina ( Eaiaa

Anee ?anniao?eaaaiay n aeieiae/aneie noi?iiu yiioeeiiaeueiay aeeciue
eacaeanue oie?aieai oeaeie noa?u ineoe/aneie aeecie, oi
iaiin?aaenoaaiiue ineoieiae/aneee iiuo, a caoai e yenia?eiaioaeueiua
enneaaeiaaiey iaaeyaeii aeieacaee aano?ae yoie iunee.

Aua I. I. Eaiaa e O. Aeaeaein iinoaaeee naaa caaea/o iaeoe enoi/iee
aeeao/anoe yiioeee, eae aiai?eo Aeaeaein, a naiii i?aaiecia /aeiaaea e
oai naiui inaiaiaeeoueny io ?ao?iniaeoeaiiai iiaeoiaea e /aeiaa/aneei
yiioeeyi. Aeaeain n/eoae, /oi ii?aaeaeaiiua oece/aneea ninoiyiey
oa?aeoa?iu aeey ?aciuo yiioeee ( ethaiiuonoaa, ainoi?aa, no?aoa, aiaaa e
aieiaiey. Niioaaonoaothuea oaeaniua eciaiaiey auee iacaaiu i?aaie/aneeie
i?iyaeaieyie yiioeee. Eiaiii i?aaie/aneea eciaiaiey ii oai?ee Aeaeaina (
Eaiaa yaeythony ia?aii?e/eiaie yiioeee. Io?aaeaynue a aieiaa /aeiaaea
/a?ac nenoaio ia?aoiuo naycae, iie ii?iaeaeatho yiioeeiiaeueiia
ia?aaeeaaiea niioaaonoaothuae iiaeaeueiinoe. Nia/aea iiae aeaenoaeai
aiaoieo noeioeia i?ienoiaeyo oa?aeoa?iua aeey yiioeee eciaiaiey a
i?aaiecia e oieueei caoai ( eae eo neaaenoaea ( aicieeaao naia yiioeey.

Yoa caeii/aiiay n oai?aoe/aneie noi?iiu e aeinoaoi/ii ?ac?aaioaiiay
oai?ey iiaeeoiaea aeaoiy iiiaioaie: n iaeiie noi?iiu, iia
aeaenoaeoaeueii aeaaaea aeaeeiia anoanoaaiiiiao/iia, aeieiae/aneia
iainiiaaiea yiioeeiiaeueiui ?aaeoeeyi, a n ae?oaie ( iia ia eiaea
iaaeinoaoeia oao oai?ee, eioi?ua ieeae ia iiaee iauynieoue, ii/aio
ieeiio ia ioaeiua yiioeee, inoaoee aeeaioiiai nouanoaiaaiey,
i?iaeieaeatho aua aeeoue e ieacuaathony n oi/ee c?aiey
?ao?iniaeoaeueiiai iiuoa oaeeie aaaeiuie, oaeeie cia/eoaeueiuie
ia?aaeeaaieyie, iaeaieaa aeecei noiyueie e yae?o ee/iinoe.

Aia/aea oai?ey Aeaeaina ( Eaiaa ano?aoeea oi?aee a “iaoa?eaeenoe/iinoe”,
a oii, /oi Aeaeain e Eaiaa oioyo naanoe /oanoaa /aeiaaea e io?aaeaieth a
aai niciaiee i?aaie/aneeo i?ioeannia, i?ienoiaeyueo a aai oaea. A ioaao
ia yoe oi?aee Aeaeain iauyaee, /oi i?aaie/aneia i?ienoiaeaeaiea eiatho
oieueei iecoea yiioeee, oianeaaeiaaiiua /aeiaaeii io aeeaioiuo i?aaeeia.
Yoi iiaeao ioiineony e oaeei a?oiiai yiioeee, eae no?ao, aiaa, io/ayiea,
y?inoue, ii, eiia/ii, iai?eeiaeeii e oaeei “noaoeeueiui”, ii aai
au?aaeaieth, yiioeeyi, eae ?aeeaeiciia /oanoai, /oanoai ethaae ioae/eiu
e aeaiueia, ynoaoe/aneia ia?aaeeaaiea e o.ae. Oaeei ia?acii, Aeaeain
?acei ?acee/ae iaeanoe iecoeo e aunoeo yiioeee.

Yoe oai?ee caeiaeeee eaiaiue aeey iino?iaiey oeaeiai ?yaea
iaoaoece/aneeo oai?ee a o/aiee ia yiioeeyo. A yoii ioiioaiee oai?ey
Aeaeaina e Eaiaa auea oaaii iacaae ii n?aaiaieth n ?aaioaie Aea?aeia e
oai iai?aaeaieai, eioi?ia iaiin?aaenoaaiii io iaai ?acaeeinue.

Aeueoa?iaoeaa e oai?ee Aeaeaina e Eaiaa

Yenia?eiaioaeueiua aoaee ia oai?eth Aeaeaina ( Eaiaa aaeenue a aeaoo
iai?aaeaieyo: ni noi?iiu oeceieiae/aneeo eaai?aoi?ee e ni noi?iiu
ineoieiae/aneeo eaai?aoi?ee. Oeceieiae/aneea eaai?aoi?ee nua?aee ii
ioiioaieth e oai?ee Aeaeaina e Eaiaa i?aaeaoaeueneoth ?ieue, a oi/iaa aa
nua?aea eieaa O. Eaiiiia.

Ii iaeiei ec ia?auo ioiaoee oio oaeo, /oi oaeaniua eciaiaiey,
iaaethaeaaiua i?e aicieeiiaaiee ?aciuo yiioeeiiaeueiuo ninoiyiee,
aanueia iioiaee ae?oa ia ae?oaa e ii ?aciiia?aceth iaaeinoaoi/iu aeey
oiai, /oiau aiieia oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueii iauynieoue ea/anoaaiiua ?acee/ey
a aunoeo yiioeeiiaeueiuo ia?aaeeaaieyo /aeiaaea. Aioo?aiiea i?aaiu, n
eciaiaieyie ninoiyiee eioi?uo Aeaeain e Eaiaa naycuaaee aicieeiiaaiea
yiioeeiiaeueiuo ninoiyiee, e?iia oiai, i?aaenoaaeytho niaie aeiaieueii
iaei/oanoaeoaeueiua no?oeoo?u, eioi?ua i/aiue iaaeeaiii i?eoiaeyo a
ninoiyiea aicaoaeaeaiey. Yiioeee aea iau/ii aicieeatho e ?acaeaathony
aeiaieueii auno?i.

Naiui neeueiui eiio?a?aoiaioii Eaiiiia e oai?ee Aeaeaina ( Eaiaa
ieacaeny neaaeothuee: eneonnoaaiii aucuaaaiia i?ae?auaiea iinooieaiey
i?aaie/aneeo neaiaeia a aieiaiie iica ia i?aaeioa?auaao aicieeiiaaiea
yiioeee.

Iieiaeaiey Eaiiiia auee ?acaeou I. Aa?aeii, eioi?ue iieacae, /oi ia
naiii aeaea e oaeaniua eciaiaiey, e yiioeeiiaeueiua ia?aaeeaaiey,
naycaiiua n ieie, aicieeatho ii/oe iaeiia?aiaiii.

A aieaa iicaeieo enneaaeiaaieyo iaia?oaeeeinue, /oi ec anao no?oeoo?
aieiaiiai iicaa nianoaaiii n yiioeeyie aieaa anaai ooieoeeiiaeueii
naycai aeaaea ia nai oaeaion, a aeiioaeaion e oeaio?aeueiua /anoe
eeiae/aneie nenoaiu. A yenia?eiaioao, i?iaaaeaiiuo ia aeeaioiuo, auei
onoaiiaeaii, /oi yeaeo?e/aneeie aicaeaenoaeyie ia yoe no?oeoo?u iiaeii
oi?aaeyoue yiioeeiiaeueiuie ninoiyieyie, oaeeie, eae aiaa, no?ao.

Aeoeaaoeeiiiay oai?ey Eeiaenay ( Oaaaa

Ineoieiae/aneay oai?ey yiioeee (oae oneiaii iiaeii iacaaoue eiioeaioeee
Aeaeaina ( Eaiaa e Eaiiiia ( Aa?aea) iieo/eea aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea iiae
aeeyieai yeaeo?ioeceieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee iicaa. Ia aa aaca aicieeea
aeoeaaoeeiiiay oai?ey Eeiaenay ( Oaaaa. Niaeanii yoie oai?ee
yiioeeiiaeueiua ninoiyiey ii?aaeaeythony aeeyieai ?aoeeoey?iie oi?iaoeee
ieaeiae /anoe noaiea aieiaiiai iicaa. Yiioeee aicieeatho aneaaenoaea
ia?ooaiey e ainnoaiiaeaiey ?aaiiaaney a niioaaonoaothueo no?oeoo?ao
oeaio?aeueiie ia?aiie nenoaiu. Aeoeaaoeeiiiay oai?ey aace?oaony ia
neaaeothueo iniiaiuo iieiaeaieyo:

 Yeaeo?iyioeaoaeia?aoe/aneay ea?oeia ?aaiou iicaa, aicieeathuay i?e
yiioeeyo, yaeyaony au?aaeaieai oae iacuaaaiiai “eiiieaena aeoeaaoeee”,
naycaiiiai n aeayoaeueiinoueth ?aoeeoey?iie oi?iaoeee.

?aaioa ?aoeeoey?iie oi?iaoeee ii?aaeaeyao iiiaea aeeiaie/aneea ia?aiao?u
yiioeeiiaeueiuo ninoiyiee: eo neeo, i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue, eciai/eainoue
e ?yae ae?oaeo.

Aneaae ca oai?eyie, iauyniythueie acaeiinaycue yiioeeiiaeueiuo e
i?aaie/aneeo i?ioeannia, iiyaeeenue oai?ee, iienuaathuea aeeyiea yiioeee
ia ineoeeo e iiaaaeaiea /aeiaaea. Yiioeee, eae ieacaeinue, ?aaoee?otho
aeayoaeueiinoue, iaia?oaeeaay aiieia ii?aaeaeaiiia ia iaa aeeyiea a
caaeneiinoe io oa?aeoa?a e eioaineaiinoe yiioeeiiaeueiiai ia?aaeeaaiey.
Ae.I. Oaaao oaeaeinue yenia?eiaioaeueiui iooai iieo/eoue e?eaoth,
au?aaeathuoth caaeneiinoue iaaeaeo o?iaiai yiioeeiiaeueiiai
aicaoaeaeaiey /aeiaaea e oniaoiinoueth aai i?aeoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Iaaeaeo yiioeeiiaeueiui aicaoaeaeaieai e yooaeoeaiinoueth aeayoaeueiinoe
/aeiaaea nouanoaoao e?eaieeiaeiay, “eieieieiia?aciay” caaeneiinoue. Aeey
aeinoeaeaiey iaeaunoaai ?acoeueoaoa a aeayoaeueiinoe iaaeaeaoaeueiu eae
neeoeii neaaua, oae e i/aiue neeueiua yiioeeiiaeueiua aicaoaeaeaiey.
Aeey eaaeaeiai /aeiaaea (a a oeaeii e aeey anao ethaeae) eiaaony iioeioi
yiioeeiiaeueiie aicaoaeeiinoe, iaania/eaathuee iaeneioi yooaeoeaiinoe a
?aaioa. Iioeiaeueiue o?iaaiue yiioeeiiaeueiiai aicaoaeaeaiey, a naith
i/a?aaeue, caaeneo io iiiaeo oaeoi?ia: io iniaaiiinoae auiieiyaiie
aeayoaeueiinoe, io oneiaee, a eioi?uo iia i?ioaeaao, io
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoe aeeth/aiiiai a iaa /aeiaaea e io iiiaiai ae?oaiai.
Neeoeii neaaay yiioeeiiaeueiay aicaoaeaeaiiinoue ia iaania/eaaao
aeieaeiie iioeaaoeee aeayoaeueiinoe, a neeoeii neeueiay ?ac?ooaao aa,
aeaci?aaiecoao e aeaeaao i?aeoe/anee iaoi?aaeyaiie.

O /aeiaaea a aeeiaieea yiioeeiiaeueiuo i?ioeannia e ninoiyiee ia
iaiueooth ?ieue, /ai i?aaie/aneea e oece/aneea aicaeaenoaey, ea?atho
eiaieoeaii-ineoieiae/aneea oaeoi?u (eiaieoeaiua icia/aao ioiinyueany e
ciaieyi). A nayce n yoei auee i?aaeeiaeaiu iiaua eiioeaioeee,
iauyniythuea yiioeee o /aeiaaea aeeiaie/aneeie iniaaiiinoyie eiaieoeaiuo
i?ioeannia.

oai?ey eiaieoeaiiai aeenniiaina E. Oanoeiaa?a

Iaeiie ec ia?auo iiaeiaiuo oai?ee yaeeanue oai?ey eiaieoeaiiai
aeenniiaina E. Oanoeiaa?a. Niaeanii ae iieiaeeoaeueiia yiioeeiiaeueiia
ia?aaeeaaiea aicieeaao o /aeiaaea oiaaea, eiaaea aai iaeeaeaiey
iiaeoaa?aeaeathony, a eiaieoeaiua i?aaenoaaeaiey aiieiuathony a aeeciue,
o.a. eiaaea ?aaeueiua ?acoeueoaou aeayoaeueiinoe niioaaonoaotho
iaia/aiiui, niaeanothony n ieie, eee, /oi oi aea naiia, iaoiaeyony a
eiiniiaina. Io?eoeaoaeueiua yiioeee aicieeatho e oneeeaathony a oao
neo/ayo, eiaaea iaaeaeo iaeeaeaaiuie e aeaenoaeoaeueiuie ?acoeueoaoaie
aeayoaeueiinoe eiaaony ?anoiaeaeaiea, ianiioaaonoaea eee aeenniiain.

Noauaeoeaii ninoiyiea eiaieoeaiiai aeenniiaina iau/ii ia?aaeeaaaony
/aeiaaeii eae aeeneiioi?ae, e ii no?aieony eae iiaeii nei?aa io iaai
ecaaaeoueny. Auoiae ec ninoiyiey eiaieoeaiiai aeenniiaina iiaeao auoue
aeaiyeei: eee eciaieoue eiaieoeaiua iaeeaeaiey e ieaiu oaeei ia?acii,
/oiau iie niioaaonoaiaaee ?aaeueii iieo/aiiiio ?acoeueoaoo, eee
iiiuoaoueny iieo/eoue iiaue ?acoeueoao, eioi?ue au niaeaniauaaeny n
i?aaeieie iaeeaeaieyie.

A nia?aiaiiie ineoieiaee oai?ey eiaieoeaiiai aeenniiaina ia?aaeei
eniieuecoaony aeey oiai, /oiau iauynieoue iinooiee /aeiaaea, aai
aeaenoaey a ?acee/iuo nioeeaeueiuo neooaoeeyo. Yiioeee aea
?anniao?eaathony a ea/anoaa iniiaiiai iioeaa niioaaonoaothueo aeaenoaee
e iinooieia. Eaaeauei a eo iniiaa eiaieoeaiui oaeoi?ai i?eaeaaony a
aeaoa?ieiaoeee iiaaaeaiey /aeiaaea ai?acaei aieueoay ?ieue, /ai
i?aaie/aneei eciaiaieyi.

Aeiieie?othuay eiaieoeaenoneay i?eaioaoeey nia?aiaiiuo ineoieiae/aneeo
enneaaeiaaiee i?eaaea e oiio, /oi a ea/anoaa yiioeeiaaiiuo oaeoi?ia
noaee ?anniao?eaaoue oaeaea e niciaoaeueiua ioeaiee, eioi?ua /aeiaae
aeaao neooaoeee. Iieaaatho, /oi oaeea ioeaiee iaiin?aaenoaaiii aeeytho
ia oa?aeoa? yiioeeiiaeueiiai ia?aaeeaaiey.

eiaieoeaii-oeceieiae/aneay oi?ey N. Oaooa?

E oiio, /oi auei neacaii ia oneiaeyo e oaeoi?ao aicieeiiaaiey yiioeee e
eo aeeiaieee O. Aeaeainii, E. Eaiaa, O. Eaiiiiii, I. Aa?aeii, Ae. Oaaaii
e E. Oanoeiaa?ii, naith eaioo aian N. Oaooa?. Ii e aai niaaoi?u
i?aaeiieiaeeee, /oi yiioeee aicieeatho ia iniiaa oeceieiae/aneiai
aicaoaeaeaiey e eiiaieoeaiie ioeaiee. Iaeioi?ia niauoea eee neooaoeey
aucuaatho oeceieiae/aneia aicaoaeaeaiea, e o eiaeeaeaea aicieeaao
iaiaoiaeeiinoue ioeaieoue niaea?aeaiea neooaoeee, eioi?ay yoi
aicaoaeaeaiea aucaaea. Oei eee ea/anoai yiioeee, eniuouaaaiie
eiaeeaeaeii, caaeneo ia io iuouaiey, aicieeathuaai i?e oeceieiae/aneii
aicaoaeaeaiee, a io oiai, eae eiaeeaeae ioeaieaaao neooaoeeth, a eioi?ie
yoi i?ienoiaeeo. Ioeaiea neooaoeee aeaao aiciiaeiinoue eiaeeaeaeo
iacaaoue eniuouaaaiia iuouaiea aicaoaeaeaiey ?aaeinoueth eee aiaaii,
no?aoii eee ioa?auaieai eee ethaie ae?oaie iiaeoiaeyuae e neooaoeee
yiioeeae. Ii Oaooa?o, oi aea naiia oeceieiae/aneia aicaoaeaeaiea iiaeao
eniuouaaoueny, eae ?aaeinoue eee eae aiaa (eee ethaay ae?oaay yiioeey) a
caaeneiinoe io o?aeoiaee neooaoeee.

Ii iieacae, /oi iaiaeue aeeaae a yiioeeiiaeueiua i?ioeannu aiinyo
iaiyoue e iioeaaoeey /aeiaaea. Eiioeaioeey yiioeee, i?aaeeiaeaiiay N.
Oaooa?ii, iieo/eea iacaaiea eiaieoeaii-oeceieiae/aneie.

A iaeiii ec yenia?eiaioia, iai?aaeaiiii ia aeieacaoaeuenoai auneacaiiuo
iieiaeaiee eiaieoeaiie oai?ee yiioeee, ethaeyi aeaaaee a ea/anoaa
“eaea?noaa” oeceieiae/anee iaeo?aeueiue ?anoai? a nii?iaiaeaeaiee
?acee/iuo eino?oeoeee. A iaeiii neo/aa ei aiai?eee i oii, /oi aeaiiia
“eaea?noai” aeieaeii aoaeao aucaaoue o ieo ninoiyiea yeoi?ee, a ae?oaii
( ninoiyiea aiaaa. Iinea i?eiyoey niioaaonoaothuaai “eaea?noaa”
eniuooaiuo /a?ac iaeioi?ia a?aiy, eiaaea iii ii eino?oeoeee aeieaeii
auei ia/aoue aeaenoaiaaoue, ni?aoeaaee, /oi iie iuouatho. Ieacaeinue,
/oi oa yiioeeiiaeueiua ia?aaeeaaiey, i eioi?uo iie ?anneacuaaee,
niioaaonoaiaaee iaeeaeaaiui ii aeaiiie ei eino?oeoeee.

Auei iieacaii oaeaea, /oi oa?aeoa? e eioaineaiinoue yiioeeiiaeueiuo
ia?aaeeaaiee /aeiaaea a oie eee eiie neooaoeee caaenyo io oiai, eae eo
ia?aaeeaatho ae?oaea, ?yaeii iaoiaeyueany ethaee. Yoi cia/eo, /oi
yiioeeiiaeueiua ninoiyiey iiaoo ia?aaeaaaoueny io /aeiaaea e /aeiaaeo,
i?e/ai o /aeiaaea a ioee/ea io aeeaioiuo ea/anoai eiiioieoee?oaiuo
ia?aaeeaaiee caaeneo io aai ee/iiai ioiioaiey e oiio, eiio ii
niia?aaeeaaao.

Eioi?iaoeeiiiay oai?ey I.A.Neiiiiaa

Ioa/anoaaiiue oeceieia I.A.Neiiiia iiiuoaeny a e?aoeie neiaiee/aneie
oi?ia i?aaenoaaeoue naith niaieoiiinoue oaeoi?ia, aeeythueo ia
aicieeiiaaiea e oa?aeoa? yiioeee. Ii i?aaeeiaeee aeey yoiai neaaeothuoth
oi?ioeo:

Y=F (I, (Ei(En, …) ),

aaea Y ( yiioeey, aa neea e ea/anoai;

I ( aaee/eia e niaoeeoeea aeooaeueiie iio?aaiinoe;

(Ei ( En) ( ioeaiea aa?iyoiinoe (aiciiaeiinoe) oaeiaeaoai?aiey aeaiiie
iio?aaiinoe ia iniiaa a?iaeaeaiiiai i?eaeeciaiii i?eia?aoaaiiai iiuoa;

Ei ( eioi?iaoeey i n?aaenoaao, i?iaiinoe/anee iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey
oaeiaeaoai?aiey nouanoaothuae iio?aaiinoe;

En ( eioi?iaoeey i n?aaenoaao, eioi?uie ?aniieaaaao /aeiaae a aeaiiue
iiiaio a?aiaie.

Niaeanii oai?ee yiioeee Neiiiiaa, aicieeiiaaiea yiioeee iaoneiaeaii
aeaoeoeeoii i?aaiaoe/aneie eioi?iaoeee (eiaaea Ei aieueoa /ai En),
eiaiii yoi aucuaaao yiioeee io?eoeaoaeueiiai oa?aeoa?a: ioa?auaiea,
no?ao, aiaa e o.ae. Iieiaeeoaeueiua yiioeee, oaeea, eae ?aaeinoue e
eioa?an, iiyaeythony a neooaoeee, eiaaea iieo/aiiay eioi?iaoeey
oaaee/eaaao aa?iyoiinoue oaeiaeaoai?aiey iio?aaiinoe ii n?aaiaieth n
oaea nouanoaothuei i?iaiicii, ae?oaeie neiaaie ( eiaaea En aieueoa /ai
Ei.

Neiiiia ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi nouanoaoao ioiineoaeueiay iacaaeneiinoue
iaeo?iiiuo iaoaieciia iio?aaiinoe, yiioeee e i?iaiica (eee aa?iyoiinoe
aeinoeaeaiey oeaee) e /oi yoa ioiineoaeueiay iacaaeneiinoue iaoaieciia
i?aaeiieaaaao ?aciiia?acea acaeiiaeaenoaee iaaeaeo ieie. Aeoeaaoeey
iaeo?iiiiai aiia?aoa yiioeee eioaine?oao iio?aaiinoue, a aeaoeoeeo eee
eceeoae eioi?iaoeee neeiiiu aeeyoue ia iio?aaiinoue ii oi?ioea:

.

N ae?oaie noi?iiu, eciaiaiea eioaineaiinoe yiioeee e iio?aaiinoe aeeytho
ia i?iaiic aa?iyoiinoe aeinoeaeaiey oeaee:

Caeeth/aiea

Eae i?aaeei, oai?ee yiioeee iaei /oi iiaoo neacaoue i ?iee yiioeee a
?acaeoee ee/iinoe e ia eo aeeyiee ia iuneue e aeaenoaea. Aieueoeinoai
enneaaeiaaoaeae yiioeee auei naycaii eeoue n iaeiei ec eiiiiiaioia
yiioeeiiaeueiiai i?ioeanna. Oioy iaeioi?ua oai?ee ?ac?aaaouaatho
ioaeaeueiua aniaeou acaeiiioiioaiee yiioeee e ?acoia, aeaenoaee e
ee/iinoe, iiiaia aua iaiaoiaeeii naeaeaoue eae ia oai?aoe/aneii, oae e
ia yiie?e/aneii o?iaiyo.

Eeoa?aoo?a

Auaioneee E.N. Nia?aiea ni/eiaiee: A 6-oe o. O. 2. I?iaeaiu iauae
ineoieiaee. I.: Iaaeaaiaeea, 1982. ( 504 n.

Eca?ae E. Yiioeee /aeiaaea: Ia?. n aiae. I., Ecae-ai Iine. oi-oa,
1980.(440 n.

Iaiia ?.N. Ineoieiaey. O/aa. aeey nooaeaioia auno. iaae. o/aa.
caaaaeaiee. A 2 ei. Ei. 1. Iauea iniiau ineoieiaee.(I.: I?inayuaiea:
Aeaaein, 1994.(576 n.

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