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Организационная работа туристического агентства

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Aaaaeaiea

Oo?eci e iooaoanoaey yaeythony iaiouaieaiie /anoueth eiaeono?ee
ainoai?eeinoaa. Iooaoanoaey – aeaaiay oaia oo?ecia. ?acee/ey ai a?aiaie,
?annoiyieyo, ianoao i?iaeeaaiey, oeaeyo e i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe
i?aauaaiey – ana yoi eeoue ioee/eoaeueiua yeaiaiou oo?ecia. A oeaeii,
oo?eci yaeyaony iiiaioeaeaaui oaiiiaiii, eioi?ue iaeiia?aiaiii ni/aoaao
a naaa yeaiaiou i?eeeth/aiee, ?iiaioeeo aeaeueieo no?ainoaee,
ii?aaeaeaiioth oaeio, iinauaiea yecioe/aneeo iano e, iaeiia?aiaiii,
caiiua caaiou i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa, aii?inu caei?iauey, ee/iie
aaciianiinoe e nio?aiiinoe eiouanoaa.

Oo?eci ea?aao iaeio ec aeaaiuo ?ieae a ie?iaie yeiiiieea,
iaania/eaay aeanyooth /anoue ie?iaiai aaeiaiai iaoeeiiaeueiiai
i?iaeoeoa. Yoa io?aneue yeiiiieee ?acaeaaaony auno?uie oaiiaie e a
aeeaeaeoea aiaeu noaiao iaeaieaa aaaeiui aa naeoi?ii. Aaeaaiaeiue ?ino
eiaanoeoeee a eiaeono?eth oo?ecia ninoaaeo ieiei 30 %.

A iineaaeiea aiaeu oo?eci noae iaeiei ec naiuo i?eaueueiuo aeaeia
aeciana a ie?a. Ii eniieuecoao i?eia?ii 7% ie?iaiai eaieoaea. A ia/aea
90-o aiaeia aeiey oo?ecia oaea ninoaaeyea 10% ie?iaie oi?aiaee oiaa?aie
e oneoaaie, /oi iicaieeei aio caiyoue o?aouea ianoi iinea yenii?oa iaooe
e aaoiiiaeeae, a e 2005 a. oo?eci aeieaeai aueoe ia ia?aia ianoi.

Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oo?eci ieacuaaao iiuiia aicaeaenoaea ia
caiyoinoue ianaeaiey. Ii ioeaieai niaoeeaeenoia, a ianoiyuaa a?aiy 100
iei. /aeiaae ?aaioatho a eiaeono?ee oo?ecia, a e 2005 a. eaaeaeue
ainueiie o?oaeiniiniaiue /aeiaae a ie?a aoaeao caiyo a yoii naeoi?a
yeiiiieee. Eiaeono?ey oo?ecia – o?oaeiaieee i?ioeann, iiyoiio a iai
caiyou a iniiaiii iaeaaeeoeoee?iaaiiua ?aaioieee. Iaeiaei yoi ia
icia/aao, /oi a noa?a oo?ecia ia eniieuecoaony aunieieaaeeoeoee?iaaiiue
o?oae. A aeaiiie noa?a iiaua ?aai/ea ianoa a aaia?aoe/aneii ieaia
?ani?ino?aiythony oe?a, /ai a ae?oaeo ?acaeaathueony naeoi?ao yeiiiieee.

Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oo?eci yaeyaony aeoeaiui enoi/ieeii iinooieaiee
eiino?aiiie aaethou e ieacuaaao aicaeaenoaea ia ieaoaaeiue aaeain
no?aiu. Iiieii aeeyiey ia yeiiiieeo iiiaeo no?ai iaaeaeoia?iaeiue
oo?eci aicaeaenoaoao ia eo nioeeaeueioth e eoeueoo?ioth n?aaeo,
yeieiaeth. A iineaaeiea, a naith i/a?aaeue, aeeytho ia oo?enoia.

Iaeiaei ?ino iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai oo?ecia aucuaaao iaeioi?ua
iaaaoeaiua iineaaenoaey, iai?eia? eioeyoeeth, ?ac?ooaiea ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeu e ia?ooaiea o?aaeeoeee ianoiiai ianaeaiey. Yoi iniaaiii iaaeyaeii
i?iyaeyaony a ?acaeaathueony no?aiao, aaea oo?enou ec aieaa aiaaouo
eiaeono?eaeueiuo no?ai naiei i?enoonoaeai iaaycuaatho i?enouee ei
ia?ac aeecie e o?iaaiue iio?aaeaiey. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, naiaa?aiaiiay e
ananoi?iiiyy ioeaiea iineaaenoaee iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai oo?ecia yaeyaony
i/aiue aaaeiui oaeoi?ii aeey ninoaaeaiey oaeie yeiiiie/aneie e
oo?enoneie iieeoeee, eioi?ay iicaieyea au ecaeaeaoue iaeneiaeueioth
auaiaeo e i?aaeoi?aaeaeaoue ?ac?ooeoaeueiia aicaeaenoaea oo?ecia.

Oo?eci – eiaeono?ey, ?acaeaathuayny a oao ?aaeiiao (caiee), eioi?ua
iaeaaeatho anoanoaaiiuie e eneonnoaaiiuie iniaaiiinoyie, i?eaeaeathueie
i?eioeei iinaoeoaeae (oo?enoia) ?aciiia?aciui oa?aeoa?ii aeayoaeueiinoe.

Eae i?aaeei, e eaoaai?ee oo?enoia ioiinyo iooaoanoaaiieeia, auacaeathueo
ec ianoa naiaai iinoiyiiiai i?iaeeaaiey n oeaeueth iieo/aiey
oaeiaeaoai?aiey, e /uea i?aauaaiea a ianoa oo?enoe/aneiai iacia/aiey
i?aauoaao nooee.

Oo?enoe/aneee i?iaeoeo – yoi eiiieaen oneoa, i?aaeinoaaeyaiuo
oo?enonei-yeneo?neiiiuie i?aaei?eyoeyie a?aaeaeaiai (oo?enoai).

Eiiieaeniay nenoaia i?aaiecaoeee i?iecaiaenoaa oaeiai i?iaeoeoa
iacuaaaony eiaeono?eae oo?ecia.

A nenoaio eiaeono?ee oo?ecia aoiaeyo niaoeeaeece?iaaiiua i?aaei?eyoey,
i?aaiecaoeee e o/?aaeaeaiey:

1. I?aaei?eyoey, i?aaeinoaaeythuea oneoae ii ?aciauaieth (ainoeieoeu,
iioaee, eaiieiae, iaineiiaou);

2. I?aaei?eyoey ieoaiey (?anoi?aiu, eaoa, aa?u);

3. Oe?iu, caieiathueany o?ainii?oiui ianeoaeeaaieai (aaoii?aaei?eyoey,
aaeaoeeiiiua i?aaei?eyoey, aeaeaciiaei?iaeiua aaaeiinoaa, i?aaei?eyoey
ii?neiai e ?a/iiai o?ainii?oa);

4. Oo?enoneea oe?iu ii ?ac?aaioea e ?aaeecaoeee oo?enoneiai i?iaeoeoa
(oo?enoneea ath?i, yeneo?neiiiua ath?i, oo?enoneea aaaionoaa, ath?i
?aaeecaoeee iooaaie);

5. ?aeeaiii-eioi?iaoeeiiiua oo?enoneea o/?aaeaeaiey (?aeeaiiua
aaaionoaa, ?aeeaiiua ath?i, eioi?iaoeeiiiua aaaionoaa);

6. I?aaiu oi?aaeaiey oo?eciii (eiieoaou e aeaia?oaiaiou oo?ecia,
iauanoaaiiua oo?enoneea i?aaiecaoeee e iauaaeeiaiey);

?acaeoea oo?enoneie eiaeono?ee caaeneo io iiiaeanoaa oaeoi?ia:

· Iaee/ea oo?enonei-?ae?aaoeeiiiuo ?ano?nia;

· Iaee/ea ?acaeoie eio?ano?oeoo?u ?aaeiia;

· Iaee/ea eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo eaae?ia;

· Ainoaea?noaaiiie iiaeaea?aeee oo?ecia;

· Aeaiia?aoe/aneeo e nioeeaeueiuo oaeoi?ia;

· Oaeoi?ia ?enea;

· Iieeoe/aneeo e yeiiiie/aneeo oaeoi?ia;

· Iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna, o?aaeeoeee e ae?.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy neiaeeeanue neaaeothuay eeanneoeeaoeey aeaeia e oi?i
oo?ecia.

Oi?iu oo?ecia ii aeaeieciaiaieth iaeaieaa oa?aeoa?iiai i?eciaea
aeaeyony ia ioaeaeueiua ?aciiaeaeiinoe. E yoei oa?aeoa?iui
i?eciaeai ioiinyony: aeaaiay oeaeue iooaoanoaey, oa?aeoa?
i?aaiecaoeee iooaoanoaey, eioaineaiinoue oo?enoneiai iioiea,
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue oo?a (iooaoanoaey), aic?anoiie i?eciae ,
eniieuecoaiue o?ainii?o, oi?ia nio?oaeie/anoaa.

A caaeneiinoe io aeaaiie oeaee iooaoanoaey auaeaeytho neaaeothuea
?aciiaeaeiinoe oi?i oo?ecia:

1. ?ae?aaoeeiiiay,

2. iiciaaaoaeueiay,

3. iao/iay,

4. aeaeiaay.

?ae?aaoeeiiiue oo?eci – oo?eci, n oeaeueth ioaeuoa, icaei?iaeaiey e
ea/aiey.

I?e yoii neaaeoao eiaoue a aeaeo, /oi i?aauaaiea a?aaeaeai a
niaoeeaeueiuo naiaoi?eyo (eae i?e iaee/ee aieueie/iiai eenoa, oae e i?e
aai ionoonoaee) ia ioiineony e oo?ecio, oae eae naiaoi?ee- yoi
?aciiaeaeiinoue aieueieoeu. Ia?aaeaeaeaiea ethaeae a auoiaeiua aeie a
oeaeyo ioaeuoa, ?acaea/aiey, caiyoey nii?oii iacuaaaony “oo?eci eiioea
iaaeaee”.

Iiciaaaoaeueiue (eoeueoo?iue) oo?eci – iooaoanoaea a oeaeyo
iciaeiieaiey n enoi?eei-eoeueoo?iuie aeinoii?eia/aoaeueiinoyie e
oieeaeueiuie i?e?iaeiuie iauaeoaie ii ii?aaeaeaiiie i?ia?aiia.

Iao/iue oo?eci – iinauaiea eiia?annia, neiiiceoiia n
iineaaeothueie yeneo?neiiiuie iiacaeeaie.

Aeaeiaie oo?eci (iiacaeee aecianiaiia n aeaeiauie oeaeyie)
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie, i?aaieciaaiiue, naiiaeayoaeueiue

(iai?aaieciaaiiue).

Ii noaiaie iiaeeueiinoe:

1. noaoeeiia?iue,

2. ia?aaeaeaeiie,

3. nioeeaeueiue oo?eci.

Iooaoanoaea /aeiaaea (naiuee) ii nianoaaiiiio ieaio,
aeeth/athuaio ii?aaeaeaiea ?aeiiia iinauaiey, i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe
inoaiiaie, oneiaee ii/eaaa e o.i., iacuaaaony eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui, a
iooaoanoaea a ninoaaa a?oiiu ii ieaio oo?enoe/aneiai oicyenoaothuaai
noauaeoa iacuaaaony a?oiiiaui oo?eciii.

Iooaoanoaea iaeiiai eee a?oiiu oo?enoia ii oi/iiio ia?o?ooo e
?aaeaiaioo, onoaiiaeaiiui oo?enoneei oicyenoaothuei noauaeoii,
iacuaaaony i?aaieciaaiiui oo?eciii.

Aeaiiua oo?enou e oo?enoneee oicyenoaothuee noauaeo naycaiu iaaeaeo
niaie acaeiiuie o?aaiaaieyie e iaycaoaeuenoaaie.

I?aaieciaaiiua oo?enou iaania/eaathony eiiieaenii oo?enoneeo
oneoa ii ca?aiaa i?eia?aoaiiie iooaaea ia ii?aaeaeaiiue n?ie
(ioaeuoathuea ia oo?aacao, a naiaoi?eyo, aeiiao ioaeuoa, ii iooaaeai).
E i?aaieciaaiiui oo?enoai oaeaea ioiinyony oa, eoi ia ii?aaeaeaiiue
n?ie i?eia?ae eeoue /anoue oo?enoneeo oneoa (iai?eia?, iooaaeo oieueei
ia ieoaiea).

Ii eioaineaiinoe i?iaeaae oo?iooaaie ?acee/atho: 1.iinoiyiiue,

2.naciiiue oo?eci.

E?oaeiaiaee/iia e ioiineoaeueii ?aaiiia?iia iinauaiea oo?enoneeo
?aaeiiia iacuaaaony iinoiyiiui oo?eciii. Yoa ?aciiaeaeiinoue oi?iu
oo?ecia, oa?aeoa?ia i?aaeaea anaai aeey iaeaieaa ecaanoiuo oeaio?ia
oeeaeeecaoeee, eoeueoo?u, icaei?iaeaiey: ecaanoiua ai?iaea ie?a,
eo?i?ou, ianoa, ?aniieaaathuea oieeaeueiuie ea/aaiuie ieia?aeueiuie
aiaeaie e oeaeaaiuie a?ycyie.

Iaeioi?ua ?aaeiiu i?eaeaeatho oo?enoia i?aeiouanoaaiii a
ii?aaeaeaiiia a?aiy aiaea. Oaeie oo?eci yaeyaony naciiiui. Oo?enoneea
?aaeiiu, iinauaaiua oieueei a ii?aaeaeaiiia a?aiy aiaea (iai?eia?, eaoii
eee ceiie), oa?aeoa?ecothony eae iaeiinaciiiua, a ?aaeiiu, iinauaaiua
a ethaia a?aiy aiaea ( e eaoii, e ceiie), iacuaathony aeaoonaciiiuie.
Naciiu ii noaiaie eioaineaiinoe iinauaiey oo?enoaie aeaiiiai ?aaeiia
aeaeyony ia ieeiaua (iaeaieaa caa?oaeaiiua), oeoea (ni n?aaeiae
noaiaiueth caa?ocee), e ia?oaua (iacaa?oaeaiiua, ii/oe ia iinauaaiua
oo?enoaie).

Ii i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe i?aauaaiey oo?enoia a iooaoanoaee
auaeaeythony e?aoeia?aiaiiue e i?iaeieaeeoaeueiue oo?eci.
E?aoeia?aiaiiue oo?eci – yoi oo?eci n i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoueth
iooaoanoaey ia aieaa o?ao nooie.

I?iaeieaeeoaeueiue oo?eci – yoi oo?eci, i?e eioi?ii n?ie
iooaoanoaey ninoaaeyao aieaa o?ao nooie. A caaeneiinoe io
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe i?aauaaiey a iooaoanoaee nouanoaaiiui ia?acii
eciaiythony iio?aaiinoe oo?enoa.

Ii i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe:

1. Iaeiiaeiaaiue;

2. Iiiaiaeiaaiue;

3. O?aiceoiue.

Nie?auaiea a?aiaie iooaoanoaey, ia ii?aaeaeaiiii

(iinoiyiiii) ia?o?ooa, aaaeao e oaaee/aieth a ?anoiaeao oo?enoa aeiee
o?ainii?oiie ninoaaeythuae, o.a. aai cao?ao ia o?ainii?o. A caaeneiinoe
io aic?anoa oo?enoia oo?eci iiae?acaeaeyaony ia:

1. aeaoneee,

2. iieiaeaaeiue,

3. c?aeue,

4. niaoaiiue.

A caaeneiinoe io eniieuecoaiuo o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa, aeey
ia?aaeaeaeaiey oo?enoia ?acee/atho neaaeothuea ?aciiaeaeiinoe oi?i
oo?ecia:

1. Aaoiiiaeeueiue;

2. AEaeaciiaei?iaeiue;

3. Aaeaoeeiiiue;

4. Aiaeiue;

5. Eiiaeie?iaaiiue.

A caaeneiinoe io aaia?aoe/aneie iai?aaeaiiinoe ?acee/atho:

1. Iaaeeiioeiaioaeueiue;

2. Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue (iaae?aaeiiaeueiue);

3. ?aaeiiaeueiue;

4. Ianoiue;

5. I?ea?aie/iue.

Oo?enoe/aneea oneoae ninoaaeytho cia/eoaeueioth /anoue iio?aaeyaiuo
ianaeaieai oneoa e eiatho niaoeeoe/aneee nioeeaeueii-icaei?iaeoaeueiue
oa?aeoa?, o.a. ioaeuo, aiciiaeiinoue ?acaeoey ee/iinoe, iiciaiey
enoi?e/aneeo e eoeueoo?iuo oeaiiinoae, aiciiaeiinoue caiyoey nii?oii,
o/anoea a eoeueoo?ii-ianniauo ia?ii?eyoeyo e ae?oaea, o.a. oo?eci
ni/aoaao a naaa yeiiiie/aneee, nioeeaeueiue, aoiaieoa?iue,
ainieoaoaeueiue e ynoaoe/aneee oaeoi?u.

Oo?enou yaeythony iio?aaeoaeyie iniiaiuo, aeiiieieoaeueiuo e
niioonoaothueo oneoa.

Iniiaiua oo?enoe/aneea oneoae ?aaeaiaioe?othony aeiaiai?ii ia
oo?enoe/aneia ianeoaeeaaiea e iooaaeie. E oaeei oneoaai, eae i?aaeei,
ioiinyony:

· ?aciauaiea;

· Ieoaiea;

· O?ainii?oiua oneoae, aeeth/ay o?ainoa?o;

· Yeneo?neiiiua oneoae.

Aeiiieieoaeueiua oneoae eiatho aanueia oe?ieee niaeo? e caieiatho i?e
?acaeoie eio?ano?oeoo?a oo?ecia aei 50% io iauaai aeioiaea. Nthaea
iiaeii ioianoe:

· Aeiiieieoaeueiua yeneo?nee, ia aioaaeoea a ia?a/aiue iniiaiuo oneoa;

· Oeceoeueoo?ii-icaei?iaeoaeueiua oneoae;

· Iaaeeoeeineea oneoae;

· Eoeueoo?ii-c?aeeuiua e ea?iaua ia?ii?eyoey;

E niioonoaothuei oneoaai ioiinyony:

· Iaania/aiea noaa?aiiie i?iaeoeoeeae, oo?enoneie neiaieeeie;

· Oi?aiaia, aaethoii-e?aaeeoiia, eioi?iaoeeiiiia, eiia?anniia e i?i/aa
ianeoaeeaaiea;

· Oneoae niaoeeaeueiuo aeaeia nayce, i?aaeinoaaeaiea eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo
naeoia e ae?.

Oi?ie?iaaiea ia?o?ooia, oo?ia, yeneo?neiiiuo i?ia?aii, i?aaeinoaaeaiea
iniiaiuo e niioonoaothueo oneoa ninoaaeytho oaoiieiaeth oo?enoneiai
ianeoaeeaaiey, o.a. yoi oi?ie?iaaiea eiie?aoiiai oo?enoneiai i?iaeoeoa
aeey oaeiaeaoai?aiey iio?aaiinoe a oo?enoneie oneoaa.

Ia?o?oo – yoi ca?aiaa nieaie?iaaiiay o?anna ia?aaeaeaeaiey oo?enoa a
oa/aiea ii?aaeaeaiiiai a?aiaie n oeaeueth i?aaeinoaaeaiey aio
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo i?ia?aiiie oneoa.

Oo? – yoi eiaeeaeaeoaeueiay eee a?oiiiaay iiacaeea ii ii?aaeaeaiiiio
oo?enoneiio ia?o?ooo a eiie?aoii ii?aaeaeaiiue n?ie.

Oo? yaeyaony oiaa?iie oi?iie oo?enoneiai i?iaeoeoa, ?aaeecoaiiai a
aeaea iooaaee eee aao/a?a.

Anee a ninoaa oo?a aoiaeeo o?ainoa?o, oi oaeie oo? iacuaaaony
o?ainoo?ii.

Oo?enoneay iooaaea – yoi aeieoiaio, iiaeoaa?aeaeathuee iieaoo
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo i?ia?aiiie oneoa, yaeythueony oi?iie no?iaie
io/aoiinoe.

A iooaaea oeacuaaaony o?anna ia?o?ooa, ia?a/aiue iniiaiuo oneoa, n?ie
aeaenoaey, oeaia, iienaiea ia?o?ooa e ae?.

Aao/a? – yoi aeieoiaio, ia iniiaaiee eioi?iai i?iecaiaeeony
ianeoaeeaaiea eiino?aiiuo oo?enoia e acaeii?an/ao n oe?iie.

Acaeiiioiioaiey oo?enoa n ianeoaeeaathuae aai oe?iie ioi?ieythony oaeaea
aeiaiai?ii ia oo?enoneia ianeoaeeaaiea. Ii yaeyaony iniiaiui
aeieoiaioii aeey i?aaeuyaeaiey i?aoaicee e oe?ia e oaeinoiaa?aiee aa a
noaeaaiii ii?yaeea.

Oo?iia?aoi?u.

Oo?iia?aoi?u auiieiytho ooieoeee i?aaiecaoi?ia e nicaeaoaeae
eiiieaeniiai i?iaeoeoa aeey a?oiiiaiai oo?ecia. Oo?iia?aoi? i?aaeeaaaao
iooaoanoaey ?acee/iie noieiinoe e i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe ii ?acee/iui
iai?aaeaieyi e a ?aciia a?aiy aiaea.

Iio?aaeoaeue ieaoeo ca iiacaeeo oeene?iaaiioth oeaio. Ia/aei ia?o?ooa
i?aaeaa?eoaeueii iaiaa?eaaaony e yaeyaony ianoii nai?a a?oiiu. A
noieiinoue iiacaeee aeeth/athony e oneoae aeaea-ia?aaiae/eea, eioi?ue a
caaeneiinoe io oneiaee iiaeao nii?iaiaeaeaoue a?oiio a oa/aiea anae
eee /anoe iiacaeee.

Oo?enoe/aneea iiacaeee i?eieiatho ana aieaa iiioey?iue oa?aeoa? o.e.
iaycaoaeueiui yeaiaioii ianeoaeeaaiey yaeyaony iaeao eioi?iaoeeiiiie
eeoa?aoo?u, eioi?ay niaea?aeeo ia?a/aiue aeaeia ianeoaeeaaiey,
aeeth/aiiuo a noieiinoue, a oaeaea iiae?iaioth eioi?iaoeeth ii anai
aii?inai eioi?ua /aua anaai aicieeatho ai a?aiy iooaoanoaey. Aoaeouee
o/anoiee oo?enoe/aneie a?oiiu, oaeei ia?acii, iiaeao auynieoue ca?aiaa
oneiaey iiacaeee, a oaeaea aa i?eaeeceoaeueioth noieiinoue.

Oo?iia?aoi?ia /anoi iacuaatho “iioiaeeaie” , iioiio /oi iie i?iaeatho
naie oo?u iioii a oo?aaaionoaa, eioi?ua, a naith i/a?aaeue, aunooiatho
eae ?icie/iua i?iaeaaoeu oo?enoneiai i?iaeoeoa. I?e yoii oo?aaaioo
auiea/eaaaony eiienney.

Oo?aaaio – yoi oece/aneia eee th?eaee/aneia eeoei, aunooiathuaa
iin?aaeieeii ii i?iaeaaea noi?ie?iaaiiuo oo?iia?aoi?ii oo?ia.

Eiiiaiee, nicaeathuea oo?enoe/aneee i?iaeoeo, eae, iai?eia?,
i?aaei?eyoey o?ainii?oa e ?aciauaiey, ioaeaeathony a oi?aiauo aaaioao,
eioi?ua i?aaenoaaeyee au eo eioa?anu a eaaeaeii ianaeaiiii ioieoa, aaea
eiathony iieoiaoaee eo oneoa. Yoi oaeiaii e iio?aaeoaeth, o.e.
oo?aaaionoai i?iaeaao , eae i?aaeei, eiiieaen oneoa, i?aaenoaaeyy ana
i?aaei?eyoey noa?u oneoa iaeiia?aiaiii. Oo?enoe/aneia aaaionoai
i?aaeeaaaao aeaa iniiaiuo naieo i?iaeoeoa:

1. I?aaeaa?eoaeueiia a?iie?iaaiea iano, n i?iaeaaeae o?ainii?oiuo
aeieoiaioia;

2. Eiinoeueoaoeee e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee eeeaioai ioiineoaeueii
i?aaeiieaaaaiuo ia?o?ooia e aeaeia ianeoaeeaaiey, naycaiiuo n yoeie
ia?o?ooaie.

Eiinoeueoaoeee i/aiue aaaeiu, anee eeeaio ieaie?oao aeaeueithth iiacaeeo
e ia ciaeii n ia?o?ooii eee aeaeaao iinaoeoue ii?aaeaeaiiua ianoa e ia
ciaao, eaeei aeaeii o?ainii?oa iiaeii ainiieueciaaoueny.

Aaaionoaa ia iiae?acaeaeytho eeeaioia ia eiinoeueoe?othueony e
ioi?ieythueo iiacaeeo, iineieueeo n/eoaaony, /oi eeeaio eiaao i?aai
iieo/eoue iauaeoeaioth eioi?iaoeeth ii anai eioa?anothuei aai aii?inai,
anee iie cao?aaeaatho aai eioa?anu, naycaiiua n iooaoanoaeai. E ieacaiea
eiinoeueoaoeeiiiie iiiiue, ioi?ieaiea i?iacaeiuo aeeaoia, ainoeie/iiai
a?iie?iaaiey e ae?oaeo oneoa auiieiyaony oai aea e a e?ao/aeoea n?iee.

?anoiaeu aaaionoaa eiiiaine?othony o?ainii?oiuie i?aaiecaoeeyie e
ainoeie/iuie i?aaei?eyoeyie a oi?ia eiienneiiiiai aiciaa?aaeaeaiey
ii?aaeaeaiiiai a i?ioeaioiii niioiioaiee e noieiinoe ?aaeeciaaiiiai
ianeoaeeaaiey.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy a ?innee noi?ie?iaaeenue /aou?a a?oiiu oo?enoe/aneeo
oe?i ii aeaeo e oi?iai i?aaeinoaaeyaiuo oneoa.

1. Oe?iu n ieieiaeueiui iaai?ii oneoa, aaea i?aaeeaaaaony eeeaioai
ianeieueei iinoiyiiuo ia?o?ooia aac aeinoaoi/iiai auai?a.

2. Oe?iu aeinoaoi/iiai auai?a, aaea i?aaeeaaaaony eeeaioo 10-15
ia?o?ooia.

3. Oe?iu iieiiai auai?a, e?eoa?eai eioi?uo yaeyaony aeaaec: “Eoaea
oaiaeii e eiaaea oaiaeii!”.

4. Oe?iu yecioe/aneeo ia?o?ooia, i?aaeeaaathueo eeeaioai iaiau/iua
iooaoanoaey e yeneo?nee.

?ac?aaioea ia?o?ooia neiaeiay iiiainooiai/aoay i?ioeaaeo?a, o?aaothuay
aeinoaoi/ii aunieie eaaeeoeeaoeee e yaeythuayny iniiaiui yeaiaioii
oaoiieiaee oo?enoe/aneiai ianeoaeeaaiey.

Iinea i?ioeaaeo?u ?ac?aaioee e ooaa?aeaeaiey ia?o?ooa i?enooiatho e
oi?ie?iaaieth oo?a.

?ac?aaaouaatho aeaa iniiaiuo aeaea oo?ia.

1. Iyeeaeae-oo?.

O.a. eiiieaeniua oo?enoe/aneea oneoae: ieoaiea, ?aciauaiea,
yeneo?neiiiia ianeoaeeaaiea, o?ainii?oiua, auoiaua,
nii?oeaii-icaei?iaeoaeueiua, oeceoeueoo?iua, iaaeeoeeineea e i?i/ea
oneoae.

2. Eieethcea-oo?.

O.a. ioaeaeueiua oo?enoe/aneea oneoae: ieoaiea, ?aciauaiea,
yeneo?neiiiia ianeoaeeaaiea, o?ainii?o (ii auai?o).

Ia i?aeoeea aieueoie iiioey?iinoueth iieuecothony eieethcea-oo?u, aaea
oo?eno caeacuaaao ieieiaeueii-aeinoaoi/iue iaai? iniiaiuo oneoa,
iieoiay aeiiieieoaeueiua oneoae ii iaiaoiaeeiinoe. Yoi ?anoe?yao
aiciiaeiinoe ieaie?iaaiey nianoaaiiiai a?aiaie oo?enoo e a ?yaea
neo/aaa oaeaoaaeyao iooaaeo.

Aeiiieiaieai i?e ioi?ieaiee oo?ia yaeythony oiaa?u oo?enoe/aneiai
iacia/aiey, o.a. oo? – yoi niaieoiiue i?iaeoeo, ninoiyuee ec oneoae e
oiaa?a.

Noi?ie?iaaiiue ia iniiaaiee ia?o?ooa e eiie?aoiiai ni?ina oo? ia iiaeao
n?aco noaoue oiaa?iui i?iaeoeoii aeey i?iaeaaee. Aeey yoiai neaaeoao
auiieieoue ?yae yoaiia:

1. oi?ie?iaaiea oo?a;

2. yenia?eiaioaeueiia aiaae?aiea;

3. ?aeeaia e i?acaioaoeey;

4. i?iaeaaea oo?ia.

Yoai oi?ie?iaaiey oo?a aeeth/aao a naay “nai?eo” ?yaea oneoa e oiaa?ia
a iaeio “iaiei/eo”, iacuaaaioth oo?ii. E?iia iaoaie/aneiai ninoaaeaiey
oaeiai iaai?a oi?ie?iaaiea oo?a i?aaeoniao?eaaao e aai
oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneia iainiiaaiea eai iecei?aioaaaeueiue oo? a eiia/iii
eoiaa yaeyaony ianinoiyoaeueiui. Oaeei ia?acii oi?ie?iaaiea oo?a eiaao
aeaa a?aieoeu: aa?oiyy – iaeneiaeueii aeoeaiue iaeao oneoa e oiaa?ia;
ieaeiyy – yeiiiie/aneay yooaeoeaiinoue, aeeythuay ia aai oeaio.

Anee oo? “i?ioiaeeo” ii aeaiiui e?eoa?eyi, iaiaoiaeeii aai
yenia?eiaioaeueiia aiaae?aiea. Iii iiaeao auoue niaiauaii n ?aeeaiiui
aanieaoiui (eee eueaioiui) e?oecii, aaoiaoniui iooaoanoaeai e o.ae..

Ii ?acoeueoaoai ?aeeaiiiai oo?a aaaeaony aai i?acaioaoeey, a oaeaea
iineaaeothuay ?aeeaiiay eiiiaiey.

Iinea yoiai i?iecaiaeeony eaeueeoeyoeey cao?ao. Ii?aaeaeyaony
(caaeaaony) ii?ia i?eauee, ?ann/eouaaaony oeaia e oi?ie?oaony nenoaia
eueaio (neeaeie).

Aeaeaa noi?ie?iaaiiue oiaa?iue i?iaeoeo a aeaea oo?enoneie iooaaee
?aaeecoaony /a?ac oo?aaaioia, ath?i ii ?aaeecaoeee eee naiinoiyoaeueii
/a?ac ath?i iooaoanoaee e yeneo?nee, eioi?ia yaeyaony iin?aaeieeii
iaaeaeo oo?enoii e i?aaei?eyoeyie, ieacuaathueie aio oneoae (ainoeieoeu,
i?aaei?eyoey ieoaiey, yeneo?neiiiua neoaeau, iocae,
nii?oeaii-icaei?iaeoaeueiua eiiieaenu e o.ae.)

I?e oi?ie?iaaiee oo?a neaaeoao o/eouaaoue aai iniiaiua naienoaa:

· aoo?aeoeaiinoue (i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoue);

· iaaeaaeiinoue;

· aaciianiinoue;

· iainiiaaiiinoue:

· oeaeinoiinoue (caaa?oaiiinoue);

· aae?anioth iai?aaeaiiinoue;

· eioi?iaoeaiinoue;

· aeaeinoue.

Iauea iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai oo?ecia.

Naaiaeiy iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oo?eci o?ainoi?ie?oao i?aaeaea cae?uoua
iauanoaa a ioe?uoua oieaa?naeueiua iauanoaa, aaea eiioaeou iaaeaeo
ethaeueie ec ?aciuo no?ai noaiiayony iianaaeiaaiie ?aaeueiinoueth. Yoi
oaeiaeaoai?yao iio?aaiinoe ethaeae ai ano?a/ao e iaiaiao n ae?oaeie
eoeueoo?aie. Iainii?eii, /oi oo?eci yaeyaony iaeiei ec
aeeyoaeueiaeoeo oaiiiaiia yeiiiie/aneiai e nioeeaeueiiai ?acaeoey
iaoaai iauanoaa.

Ninoaaeaiea eioi?iaoeee i oo?enoneeo iioieao e a oeaeii
yeiiiie/aneee aiaeec iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai oo?ecia aace?oaony ia i?eiyouo
oi/iuo e oieaa?naeueiuo ii?aaeaeaieyo, eioi?ua iienuaatho oa?aeoa?enoeee
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai oo?ecia, eeanneoeoee?otho ?aciua aeaeu oo?enoneeo
iioieia.

Iniiaiua ii?aaeaeaiey oo?ecia auee noi?ioee?iaaiu I?aaiecaoeeae
Iauaaeeiaiiuo Iaoeee e Eiienneae ii noaoenoeea III. Yoe ii?aaeaeaiey
auee ia?aniio?aiu e i?eiyou ia eiioa?aioeee, i?iaiaeeaoaeny Anaie?iie
oo?enoneie i?aaiecaoeeae. Oai aea auee noi?ioee?iaaiu iaeioi?ua
?aeiiaiaeaoeee, eioi?ua Anaie?iay Oo?enoe/aneay I?aaiecaoeey
iioaeeeiaaea a naiai io/aoa “?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii noaoenoeea a
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iea?aoeee.

Niaeanii ?aeiiaiaeaoeeyi AOI anao iooaoanoaaiieeia, ia?anaeathueo
aiaoiea a?aieoeu no?ai, iiae?acaeaeytho ia oao, eioi?ua aeieaeiu auoue
aeeth/aiu a noaoenoeeo oo?ecia e iacaaiu ainoyie, e ia oao, eioi?uo ia
aeeth/atho a noaoenoeeo enoiaey ec iioeaia eo aeceoa. Ainoue, eioi?ue
iaoiaeeony a no?aia 24/. e aieaa, eeai, i?iaiaeeo ii e?aeiae ia?a iaeio
ii/ue a no?aia i?aauaaiey, eeanneoeoee?oaony eae oo?eno. Anee aea ii
i?iaiaeeo a no?aia iaiaa 24 /., oi aai ioiinyo e eaoaai?ee
iaeiiaeiaaiiai ainoy eee, ii i?eiyoie ?aiaa oa?ieiieiaee, e eaoaai?ee
yeneo?naioa. Iaiauea ana auoaeceiaeaiiia, iiaeii auaeaeeoue o?e a?oiiu
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo iooaoanoaaiieeia:

Eiino?aiiue ainoue – ethaay ia?niia, oacaeathuay a ae?oaoth no?aio, ia
yaeythuayny aai (aa) iinoiyiiui ianoii aeeoaeuenoaa ia ia?eiae, ia
i?aauoathuee 12 ianyoeaa, i?e yoii aeaaiay oeaeue aeceoa eiay, /ai
iiea/eaaaiay aeayoaeueiinoue.

Eiino?aiiue oo?eno – yoi ainoue, i?iaeeaathuee a no?aia a?aiaiiiai
i?aauaaiey, ii e?aeiae ia?a 24 /., n oeaeueth ioaeuoa (i?iaaaeaiea
ioionea, icaei?iaeoaeueiua, iiciaaaoaeueiua, ?aeeaeiciua, nii?oeaiua,
i?ioanneiiaeueii-aeaeiaua e eiua oeaee).

Yeneo?naio – yoi eiino?aiiue ainoue, eioi?ue ia ii/oao a no?aia
i?aauaaiey, a aica?auaaony, iai?eia?, ia noaeii eee iiacae, ia eioi?ii
ii i?eaue a no?aio.

Ie?iaie ?uiie iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai oo?ecia.

Aiaeec oo?enoe/aneiai ?uiea a eaaeaeii oo?enoneii ?aaeiia ie?a inaauaao
enoi?eth ?acaeoey, oaeouaa ninoiyiea e aoaeouaa ie?iaiai oo?enoneiai
naeoi?a e i?aneaaeoao iniiaiua oeaee:

· eaeaioeoeoee?iaaoue oa ?aaeiiu, aaea iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oo?eci
aic?anoaao, e oa, aaea ii nieaeaaony;

· iauynieoue i?e/eiu aieueoeo ?acee/ee a aaia?aoe/aneii ?ani?aaeaeaiee
/enea oo?enoia e aeioiaeia io ieo e aeeiaieeo yoeo ?acee/ee;

· eaeaioeoeoee?iaaoue no?aiu, aaea iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oo?eci eiaao
aieueoie iioaioeeae aeey i?aa?auaiey a aaaeiue yeaiaio yeiiiie/aneiai
?acaeoey.

Aaia?aoe/aneia nin?aaeioi/aiea iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo oo?enoneeo iaiaiia
niioaaonoaoao aaia?aoe/aneie eiioeaio?aoeee oi?aiaee, iaeiaei, eiaao
aeaa aaaeiuo ioee/ey.

Ai-ia?auo, no?aiu n iieiaeeoaeueiui aaeainii ii iinooieaieyi io
oo?ecia, iai?eia? NOA, Eniaiey, Ii?ooaaeey, A?aoeey, /anoi eiatho
io?eoeaoaeueiue aaeain a oi?aiaea. No?aiu n io?eoeaoaeueiui aaeainii
ii oo?enoneei iaiaiai eiatho iieiaeeoaeueiue oi?aiaue aaeain, iai?eia?
Aa?iaiey, ssiiiey.

Ai-aoi?uo, iaiai oo?enoneeie oneoaaie iaaeaeo eiaeono?eaeueiuie no?aiaie
n aiaeiae/iuie ia?acoeaie ni?ina ia iaycaoaeueii yaeyaony iaiaiii
i?iaeoeoaie iiaeiaiuo oeiia, eae a oi?aiaea oiaa?aie.

Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oo?eci e caiyoinoue.

Oo?eci ioaaouaaao iiiaeanoai ?aciiia?aciuo naeoi?ia yeiiiieee, e yoi
oneiaeiyao oi/ioth ioeaieo /eneaiiinoe ?aaioieeia, caiyouo a noa?a
oo?ecia. Aieaa oiai, ?aoaiea i?iaeaiu ?aaeueiie ioeaiee cao?oaeiyaony
ec-ca niaoeeoe/aneiai oa?aeoa?a o?oaea e ?aciiia?aciuo naycae iaaeaeo
oo?enoneei naeoi?ii e ae?oaeie naeoi?aie yeiiiieee.

?ino oo?ecia nicaeaao a no?aiao iacaaeneii io o?iaiy eo ?acaeoey
iiiai ?aai/eo iano. Iiyoiio oaeia aicaeaenoaea oo?ecia ia caiyoinoue
iiaeao noaoue ii?aaeaeythuei aeey iiiaeo iaaieueoeo no?ai, eioi?ua
nouanoaaiii caaenyo io aeaiiiai naeoi?a yeiiiieee. A yoeo no?aiao aieaa
50% o?oaeiniiniaiiai ianaeaiey aiaea/aii a aeayoaeueiinoue, eioi?ay
i?yii eee einaaiii naycaia n oo?eciii a ii?aaeaeaiiia a?aiy aiaea. Iaeua
no?aiu a iniiaiii eiatho caieioooth yeiiiieeo, e aei ?acaeoey a ieo
eiaeono?ee oo?ecia iie caaenaee io eaeiai-ieaoaeue iaeiiai aeaea
yeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe.

A ioee/ea io iaaieueoeo ainoaea?noa, a e?oiiuo eiaeono?eaeueiuo
no?aiao a oo?enoneie io?anee ?aaioaao oieueei 5% o?oaeiniiniaiiai
ianaeaiey. A ?acaeaathueony aea no?aiao, a eiaeono?ee oo?ecia nicaeaaony
aieueoa iiauo ?aai/eo iano, /ai a ae?oaeo io?aneyo yeiiiieee.

Iiieii eiee/anoaaiiiai aiaeeca aicaeaenoaey oo?ecia ia
caiyoinoue aeieaeai i?iaiaeeoueny e ea/anoaaiiue aiaeec. Caeanue
iniiaiui iieacaoaeai yaeyaony o?iaaiue ianoa?noaa.

Iniiaiua oa?aeoa?enoeee oo?ecia 90-o aiaeia.

O?e iniiaiua oa?aeoa?enoeee ?acaeoey iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai oo?ecia a ia?eiae
aei 2000 a. aeieaeiu auoue i?eiyou ai aieiaiea:

· Ia?aay. Yeiiiie/aneee niaae ia aaaeao e niioaaonoaothuaio oiaiueoaieth
iooaoanoaee e oo?enoneie aeayoaeueiinoe. Athaeaeaou iiaoo auoue o?acaiu,
ia?eiae iiacaeie iiaeao nie?aoeoueny e i?eaeeceoueny e aioo?aiiei
ia?aaiceai. Oo?enou aoaeoo i?eniinaaeeaaoueny e iiaui ianoiyoaeuenoaai,
iaiaa eiioi?oaaaeueiiio ?aciauaieth e oneoaai ii auai?o;

· Aoi?ay. ?ino iieacaoaeae iiacaeie nii?yaeai n oiaaeeii, iai?yaeaieai
e iaaeeaiiui oaaee/aieai a ia?aie iieiaeia 90-o aiaeia a n?aaiaiee ni
aoi?ie iieiaeiie yoiai aeanyoeeaoey. Eiay neooaoeey neeaaeuaaaony ii
ii/eaaai e i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe i?aauaaiey, aaea niaae aieaa
cia/eoaeai;

· O?aouey oa?aeoa?enoeea i?aaeiieaaaao aeaa iniiaiuo iioeaa ?inoa ii
aiaeai a iaaeaeoia?iaeiii oo?ecia. Aioo?e?aaeiiaeueiue, o.a. a ?aieao
?aaeiia, iai?eia?, O?aioeey-Eniaiey eee Ei?ay-ssiiiey. Oaaee/aiea
iieacaoaeae iooaoanoaee aucaaii ?inoii ia?aaeaeaeaiey a aceaoneeo
no?aiao, /oi yaeyaony ?acoeueoaoii aieaa auno?iai yeiiiie/aneiai
?acaeoey Acee. Ia?iaeu ainoi/iiaa?iiaeneeo no?ai aoaeoo a iniiaiii
iooaoanoaiaaoue a caiaaeiiaa?iiaeneea no?aiu. Iaeaieueoee ?ino
iaeeaeaaony a auacaeiii oo?ecia (iiacaeee ia aeaeueiea ?annoiyiey),
iai?eia?, ec Aa?iiu a ssiiieth.

Ia?niaeoeau ?inoa auacaeiiai oo?ecia. Ii ?aaeiiai a 1991-2000a.

Ia?niaeoeaa ?inoa auacaeiiai oo?ecia ii oanoe ?aaeiiai ii?aaeaeyaony
AOI, ioeaieaay ii o?ai eaoaai?eyi :

· Ieceay – ieaea 3% ?inoa a aiae ca ia?eiae 1991-2000aa.

· N?aaeiyy – iaaeaeo 3% e 4% ?inoa a aiae n iii?aaeie i?iaeoa AOI ia
90-a aiaeu: aaeaaiaeiue ?ino –3,5% o.a. aa?aony n?aaeiee iieacaoaeue
(iaaeaeo 3% e 4%);

· Aunieay – n i?aauoaieai 4% ?inoa a aiae.

Aianoi oiai /oiau aiaeece?iaaoue ana oanoue ?aaeiiia, ii?aaeaeaiiuo AOI,
auyaeeanue iaiaoiaeeiinoue auaeaeeoue ?yae noa?aaeiiia a ioaeaeueiuo
?aaeiiao, oae eae neeoeii aaeeee a ieo aa?eaiou ia?niaeoeaiiai ?inoa
auacaeiiai oo?ecia. E iei ioiinyony noa?aaeiiu Oeaio?aeueiie e THaeiie
Aia?eee, ainoi/iie Acee e aannaeia Oeoiai ieaaia, a oaeaea Aeeaeiaai
Ainoiea.

A eaoeiiaia?eeaineeo no?aiao, aicaeaaeyaiuo A?aaioeiie e *eee,
i?aaeaeaeyony oeo/oaiea yeiiiie/aneie neooaoeee; eciaiaiea a i?ioeanna
i?eaaoecaoeee e yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe; aeaiie?aoe/aneea
i?aaeoaeuenoaa; ioe?uoue ?uiie n iaaieueoei i?ioaeoeeiieciii; ia?aaiai?u
ii oiaiueoaieth caaeieaeaiiinoe; aieueoea eiino?aiiua eiaanoeoeee;
oaaee/eaathueeny eiieo?aioiue yenii?o. Ana yoe oaeoi?u i?eaaaeoo e ?inoo
n?aaeiaai iieacaoaey ie?iaiai AAI.

I/aaeaeai i?ia?ann a yeiiiieea Acee, eioi?ue aoaeao i?iaeieaeaoueny,
yaeyynue iniiaiui eaoaeecaoi?ii anaie?iiai yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey. A
i?aaeoanoaothuaa aei 1991 a. aeanyoeeaoea iauee ?ino yeiiiie/aneeo
iieacaoaeae a Acee aue a 2,5 ?aca auoa, /ai a inoaeueiuo ?aaeiiao ie?a
(5,5 % a aiae i?ioea 2,2%). Ia?niaeoeau nio?aieoue iiaeiaiue oaii,
aeinoaoi/ii onoie/eau.

Ianiio?y ia oi, /oi yiiineay yeiiiieea iiaeao ia auyaeoue iieacaoaeue
?inoa aieaa /ai 3% a aiae, inaiaiea ?uiea auacaeiiai oo?ecia
i?iaeieaeeony a onei?aiiii oaiia, oae eae iii io?aaeaao iaa
ioeoeeaeueiuo oneeey: oiaiueoaiea naiaai oi?aiaiai ia?ai?iecaiaenoaa ca
n/ao yenii?oa oo?enoia e oaaee/aiea iieoiaoaeueneiai eioa?ana /a?ac
eiino?aiiua iooaoanoaey ii caieaeaiiiio o?iaith i?iaeaae.

Iiaaeoea eiaeono?eaeueiua yeiiiieee THaeiie Ei?ae, Aiieiiaa, Oaeaaiy e
Neiaaio?a, a oae aea no?ai THai-Ainoi/iie Acee, aeeth/ay Oaeeaiae,
Iaeaeceth e Eiaeiiaceth, niiniaiu iiaeaea?aeaoue neeueiue yeiiiie/aneee
?ino, a ?acoeueoaoa eioi?iai ?acaeaaaony n?aaeiee eeann- ao?aeoacey.
Iiea/eaaaiia a?aiy ioaeuoa e aic?anoathuee aeioiae yoiai eeanna
?anoiaeoaony ia iaaeaeoia?iaeiua iooaoanoaey. Yeiiiie/aneia ?acaeoea a
i?aaeaeao, i?aauoathueo 5% a aiae, aeey aeaiiie iiaea?oiiu no?ai
onoie/eai.

Eeoae- ?uiie iooaoanoaee iioaioeeaeueii oaiiiaiaeueiiai ?acia?a.
Auno?ue yeiiiie/aneee ?ino (iiaeaea?aeaiiia eiino?aiiuie eiaanoeoeeyie
?anoe?aiea i?iecaiaenoaa, ?ino iieoiaoaeueiie niiniaiinoe) e
eeaa?aeecaoeey oo?enoneeo ia?aie/aiee iiaoo noeioee?iaaoue oneeey ii
?inoo aioo?e?aaeiiaeueiiai oo?ecia ec Eeoay. Ia eneeth/aia
aiciiaeiinoue, /oi e 2010 a. eeoaeneee oo?enoneee ?uiie iiaeao noaoue
aieaa iaoe?iui, /ai aia?eeaineee.

Aeeaeiee Ainoie – o?aoee ?aaeii, niiniaiue oaea?aeeaaoue
auoaoeacaiiue n?aaeiee oaii ia?niaeoeaiiai ?inoa auacaeiiai oo?ecia,
eiaao aieueooth ?ac?aoaiiinoue i?iaeai iieeoe/aneiai e nioeeaeueiiai
oa?aeoa?a ii n?aaiaieth n i?aaeuaeouei aeanyoeeaoeai, ca eneeth/aieai
neooaoeee n E?aeii . Ainaiue naiuo aieueoeo no?ai Aeeaeiaai Ainoiea a
70-a aiaeu aeinoeaee iieacaoaey 4,7 % aaeaaiaeiiai ?inoa AAI . Iaeiaei
a 80-a aiaeu yoio iieacaoaeue ninoaaee naiue ieceee o?iaaiue- 0,5 % . N
aic?anoaieai iaooaaeiau/e e aeaeaeaiey a iieueco i?eaaoecaoeee, /oi
aeieaeii oaaee/eoue i?iaeoeoeaiinoue e yooaeoeaiinoue yeiiiieee ,
iaeeaeaaony iiaia iiauoaiea yeiiiie/aneiai ?inoa aieioue aei
iauaie?iaiai iieacaoaey. Yoi i?eaaaeao e aiciaiiaeaieth auacaeiiai
oo?ecia no?ai Aeeaeiaai Ainoiea.

Aa?iia (n aa aunieei aaciaui o?iaiai oo?enoneie aeayoaeueiinoe iiiaeo
no?ai, eioi?ua ioee/athony naiaiaeii ?anii?yaeaaiui ii naiaio
oniio?aieth aeioiaeii), Ea?eaneee noa?aaeii Aia?eee, ?aaeii THaeiie Acee
e ana /anoe Ao?eeaineiai ?aaeiia ioeaieaathony ia 90-a aiaeu ii
n?aaeiaio i?ioeaioo ia?niaeoeaiiai ?inoa auacaeiiai oo?ecia (iaaeaeo 3%
e 4% a aiae). Oieueei Naaa?iaia?eeaineee noa?aaeii ioeaieaaaony ieceei
iieacaoaeai ia?niaeoeaiiai ?inoa auacaeiiai oo?ecia.. Caeanue
aeiieie?otho ?uiie NOA n caieaeaiiui n?aaeiei iieacaoaeai yeiiiie/aneiai
?inoa( /ooue aieaa 2% a aiae a 90-a aiaeu ), e a oi aea a?aiy aunieee
o?iaaiue iia?aie/iiai oo?ecia iaaeaeo NOA e Eaiaaeie, eioi?ue aoaeao
iiaeaea?aeeaaoue a aieueoeo iauaiao, ii n ia?niaeoeaie ?inoa oieueei a
i?aaeaeao io 2% aei 3% a aiae, /oi e “nieaeaao” a oeaeii
iioaioeeaeueiue ?ino auacaeiiai oo?ecia aeey no?ai Aia?eeaineiai
eiioeiaioa.

Ia?niaeoeau ?inoa auacaeiiai oo?ecia ii ?aaeiiai a 1991-2000 aa.

Ea?eaneee noa?aaeii Aia?eeaineiai eiioeiaioa, Ainoi/iiaceaoneee ?aaeii
e aannaei Oeoiai ieaaia, a oaeaea ?aaeii THaeiie Acee oaea?aeeaatho
ia?niaeoeau ?inoa auacaeiiai oo?ecia a 90-o aiaeao auoa n?aaeiaai
oaiia. Ea?eaneee noa?aaeii iaono?aeaaaony, aeaeay noaaeo ia Aa?iiaeneee
?uiie (oi/iaa, eniieuecoy a ea/anoaa naiaai i?aeiouanoaa aiciiaeiinoe,
auyaeaoeany io ineaaeaiey eo?na aeieea?a NOA). Onei?aiiay ?ac?aaioea e
?acaeoea ia?o?ooiiai oo?ecia ai iiiaeo no?aiao Ainoi/iiaceaoneiai
?aaeiia e aannaeia Oeoiai ieaaia (a /anoiinoe, a Eiaeiiacee, Iacaecee e
Eeoaa) n o/aoii oaaee/aiey /enea iiauo ?aaeiiia i?eaia (iai?eia?,
Eaiaiaeaee, Aueaoiaia) iicaieyo oaeaeaoue oi?ioea iieacaoaee ?inoa eae
aeaeueiaai aa?iiaeneiai oo?ecia a yoe ?aaeiiu, oae e aioo?e?aaeiiaeueiuo
iiacaeie a no?aiu n onei?aiiuie oaiiaie ?acaeoey oo?ecia ( a /anoiinoe,
a THaeioth Ei?ath e Oaeaaiue).

Aeey THaeiie Acee ioe?uaathony aeaaii?eyoiua ia?niaeoeau onoie/eaiai
?inoa auacaeiiai oo?ecia (iai?eia?, a Eiaeeth, O?e Eaiea), o.a. aeey
?aaeiia, aaea i?ioeaio ?inoa iiaeao noaoue cia/eoaeueii auoa n?aaeiaai.

Ii ae?oaei ?aaeiiai e noa?aaeiiai ia?niaeoeau auacaeiiai oo?ecia ia
90-a aiaeu ioeaieaathony ia n?aaeiai o?iaia, o.a. a iauaia 30,4 % a
aiae. Ie iaeei ?aaeii ia aoaeao ioia/ai caiaoiui nieaeaieai
ia?niaeoea auacaeiiai oo?ecia.

Iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi ianiio?y ia oi, /oi Naaa?iay Aia?eea aoaeao
oa?aeoa?eciaaoueny caieaeaiiui iieacaoaeai ?inoa auacaeiiai oo?ecia. Yoi
ia aoaeao icia/aoue, /oi ?aaeiiu iaycaoaeueii aeieaeiu eiaoue
iiieaeaiiue n?aaeiee oaii ?inoa auacaeiiai oo?ecia. Naiue aunieee oaii
?inoa auacaeiiai oo?ecia ec Naaa?iie Aia?eee i?eoiaeeony ia no?aiu,
i?eieiathuea iaeua a?oiiu e ia eioi?ua i?eoiaeeony 10 % oaaee/aiey
iioiea oo?enoia ec Naaa?iie Aia?eee, oioy a oeaeii ?ino auacaeiiai
oo?ecia ec yoiai ?aaeiia ninoaaeo anaai eeoue 1% oo?enoneie aeoeaiinoe
aeaiiiai ?aaeiia.

Ia?niaeoeau ?inoa oo?ecia a Aa?iia.

A oeaeyo iiieiaiey ia?niaeoeau ?inoa oo?enoneeo iioieia eniieuecothony
neaaeothuea iieacaoaee a nenoaia eo ioeaiie: ieceee (eee ieaea
n?aaeiaai), n?aaeiee e aunieee (eee auoa n?aaeiaai).

Oae eae a oeaeii ia?niaeoeau Aa?iiu (enoi/ieea e iio?aaeoaey oo?enoneeo
iioieia) ioeaieaaaony n?aaeiei iieacaoaeai, oi yoi ianoiyoaeuenoai
auyaeyao aiciiaeiua aa?eaiou ?aaeiiaeueiiai ?acaeoey. Iai?eia?,
ia?niaeoeau auacaeiiai oo?ecia ec Aa?iiu a Aia?eeo, Ainoi/ioth Aceth e
?aeiiu aannaeia Oeoiai ieaaia, a oaeaea a THaeioth Aceth iianaianoii
auoa n?aaeieo iieacaoaeae, a oi a?aiy eae yoe iieacaoaee
i?aaeiieaaathony auoue ieaea n?aaeieo aeey Aeeaeiaainoi/iiai ?aaeiia a
nayce n yeiiiie/aneeie o?oaeiinoyie e iaeii?eaeaeaoaeueiinoueth
?aniieiaeaiiuo a yoii ?aaeiia no?ai.

Aa?iia eae ?aaeii auacaeiiai oo?ecia eiaao oi?iooth aaco ?inoa ii anai
iai?aaeaieyi ca eneeth/aieai THaeiie Acee. Ec Ao?eee, Aeeaeiaai Ainoiea,
thaeiie Acee e ?aeiiia aannaeia Oeoiai ieaaia a 1990 a. caoeene?iaaii
4,5-6 iei. i?eauoee oo?enoia. Iiyoiio, anee oaaee/aiea ninoaaeo 5% a
aiae a ia?eiae 90-o aiaeia, neaaeai ec Ao?eee, oi yoi aoaeao icia/aoue
aeiiieieoaeueii 3,1 iei. i?eauoee e 2000a. Aeaaea aieaa ne?iiiue
iieacaoaeue n?aaeiaai ?inoa a iauaia 3% a aiae aeano oaaee/aiea oo?ecia
ec Ao?eee a Aa?iio n 5 iei. aei 6,7 iei. i?eauoee a ia?eiae 1990-2000
aa. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, aaaeii o/eouaaoue iauaiu onoie/eauo oo?enoneeo
iioieia i?e ioeaiea aoaeouaai ?inoa yoeo iieacaoaeae.

Ia?niaeoeau ?inoa oo?ecia Aia?eeaineiai eiioeiaioa.

Aeey Aia?eeaineiai eiioeiaioa i?enou nieaeaiiue iieacaoaeue n?aaeiaai
o?iaiy ia?niaeoeau ?inoa eae ii aioo?e?aaeiiaeueiiio oo?ecio, oae e ii
oo?enoneei iioieai a THaeioth Aceth e no?aiu Aeeaeiaai Ainoiea.
Aeiieie?othuay ?ieue Naaa?iie Aia?eee a Aia?eeaineii ?aaeiia e aunieay
aeiey o/oaiiuo oo?enoneeo iioieia a ?aieao i?ea?aie/iiai iaiaia iaaeaeo
NOA e Eaiaaeie aeatho ieceea ioeaiee aeey aioo?e?aaeiiaeueiiai oo?ecia.

Aia?eeaineee eiioeiaio eae ?aaeii iauaaeeiaiiuo aiciiaeiinoae
ioeaieaaaony n?aaeieie iieacaoaeyie ia?niaeoea i?eaea/aiey oo?enoia
a oa/aiea anaai ia?eiaea 90-o aiaeia, o.a. oa?aeoa?ecoaony aunieie
noaiaiueth aeoeaiinoe auacaeiiai oo?ecia.

Iaeiaei, eae auei ioia/aii ?aiaa, Ea?eaneee aannaei ( a neeo aai
ioiineoaeueii eaaeie i?eniiniaeyaiinoe e Aa?iia ii o?iaith ianeoaeeaaiey
oo?enoia e aai oneeee ii i?iaeaaea oo?ia ia aa?iiaeneii i?ino?ainoaa)
eiaao aieaa aunieee iieacaoaeue ?inoa ia?niaeoea, /ai ae?oaea
?aeiiu Aia?eeaineiai eiioeiaioa, oioy ana noa?aaeiiu eiatho ia?niaeoeao
aunoae ioiaoee aaeaaiaeiiai ?inoa 3-4 % , /oi icia/aao n?aaeiee
iieacaoaeue ?inoa.

Naiuie cia/eoaeueiuie ?aaeiiaie ii auacaeo ia Aia?eeaineee eiioeiaio
a 90-o aiaeao yaeyaony Aa?iia, Ainoi/iay Acey, no?aiu aannaeia oeoiai
ieaaia e Aeeaeiaai Ainoiea.

Ia?niaeoeau ?inoa oo?ecia a Ainoi/iie Acee e Aannaeia Oeoiai ieaaia.

Ii Ainoi/iie Acee e aannaeio Oeoiai ieaaia iaeeaeathony ia?niaeoeau
auoa n?aaeiaai iieacaoaey, eae ii auacaeiiio, oae e ii auacaeiiio
oo?ecio. Iaeaieaa i?eieiaaiuie ?aaeiiaie auacaeiiai oo?ecia ec no?ai
Ainoi/iie Acee e aannaeia Oeoiai ieaaia aoaeoo noa?aaeiiu
Aia?eeaineiai eiioeiaioa, a oaeaea no?aiu- ia?oia?u Ainoi/iie Acee,
aannaeia Oeoiai ieaaia e THaeiie Acee. Ioia/aaony, /oi n 1970 a. ii
1990 a. aioo?e?aaeiiaeueiue oo?eci iiaeiyeny a THai-Ainoi/iie Acee n
17% aei 43% e n 38% aei 53%- a Ainoi/iie Acee. Yoa oaiaeaioeey
nio?aieony a nayce n auniee ?inoii ianaeaiey a oaeeo no?aiao, eae
THaeiay Ei?ay, Oaeaaiue, Eiaeiiacey, Iaeaecey, Oaeeaiae, a oaeaea ca
n/ao oiai, /oi Eeoae ?anoe?yao iiacaeee a ninaaeiea no?aiu.

Ianooaa e aa?eaioiinoue oo?enoneiai ?acaeoey ii anai iai?aaeaieyi
oo?ecia a Ainoi/ioth Aceth e aannaei oeoiai ieaaia aoaeoo
aic?anoaoue aei o?iaiy auoa n?aaeieo oaiiia aeaaiaea?y auacaeiiio
oo?ecio anao ?aaeiiia. I?eiyoia ii?aaeaeaiea – auoa n?aaeiaai o?iaiy
?inoa (aieaa 4% a aiae) n?aaieoaeueii caieaeaii, eiaaea ?a/ue eanaaony
iieacaoaeae naeoi?a auacaeiiai oo?ecia a no?aiao Ainoi/iie Acee e
Oeoiieaaineiai aannaeia, oae eae iiiaea iieacaoaee aeeaea e 10% eee
nauoa 10 % a aiae.

Iineieueeo aieueoeinoai i?aaeeiaeaiee i?iaeoa AOI “I?iaiic
anaie?iiai oo?ecia aei 2000 aiaea e ia iineaaeothuee ia?eiae”
ii?aaaeuaaaony, i/aaeaeii, /oi i?e niaaea ia ?uiea oo?ecia a oneiaeyo
ia/aea 90-o aiaeia a ni/aoaiee n aieueoeie eiaanoeoeeyie,
iaiaoiaeeiuie aeey iaono?ienoaa aacu ?aciauaiey aic?anoathuaai iioiea
oo?enoia a 2,5 ?aca ( anee ?ino aaeaaiaeiiai i?eoiea aoaeao
ioeaieaaoueny a oa/aiea aeanyoe eao oeeo?ie 10% a aiae), a?yae ee
n?aaeiea iieacaoaee aoaeoo i?aauoaoue 6-7% a aiae a oa/aiea anaai
aeanyoeeaoey. Oieueei iaeioi?ua no?aiu iiaoo aeinoeaiooue ieea naieo
i?aaeeiaeaiee. A oeaeii aea ii ?aaeiio 6-7-i?ioeaioiue iieacaoaeue
n?aaeiaaiaeiaiai ?inoa aiciiaeai oieueei aeaaiaea?y iaae?aaeiiaeueiui
oo?enoneei iioieai.

Ia?niaeoeau ?inoa oo?ecia a THaeiie Acee.

Iieeoe/aneia iieiaeaiea no?ai THaeiiaceaoneiai ?aaeiia a i?ioaaeoaa
aeanyoeeaoea auei iaonoie/eai. Yoi iineoaeeei niaaeii ?inoa
auacaeiiai e auacaeiiai oo?ecia.

Aeoiay i aoaeouai, neaaeoao auoue iioeienoii, ianiio?y ia
ii?aaeaeaiiua o?oaeiinoe, i?aiaeieaiea eioi?uo aeieaeii oeo/oeoue
neooaoeeth. Iiaay eiaeono?eaeueiay iieeoeea Eiaeee, nieaeaiea i?aeoeee
eeoeaice?iaaiey e eiio?iey ca aaethoiui iaiaiii, nicaeatho oe?ieea
aiciiaeiinoe aeey eiaanoeoeee e yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey. Yoi a naith
i/a?aaeue nicaeaao oeiainiaua aiciiaeiinoe a eiaeee ia oieueei aeey
aeaeiauo iiacaeie, ii e ia ioaeuo. A oiaea ineaaeaiey eiio?iey ca
aaethoiui iaiaiii, iaeeaeaaony iiaeuai a eiaeeeneii auacaeiii
oo?ecia, aeathuee ia?niaeoeau ?inoa a oeaeii ii ?aaeiio aei o?iaiy
n?aaeieo oaiiia. Iniiaiui ?aaeiiii ii i?eaio THaeiiaceaoneiai
auacaeiiai oo?ecia aoaeoo Ainoi/iay Acey e aannaei Oeoiai ieaaia.

*oi eanaaony auacaeiiai oo?ecia a THaeioth Aceth, oi ioeaiee oaiiia
?inoa ia ia?niaeoeao ii?aaeaeythony ia o?iaia auoa n?aaeieo. Iie
i?eaiaeyony, ianiio?y ia oi, /oi eiathony naie a aaeaaeinoaaeao ec
iniiaiuo ?aeiiia oo?enoneiai ?uiea, aunie i?ioeaio ianoaaeeueiinoe ia
?uiea oo?ecia, /oi a no?aiao THaeiie Acee iieeoe/aneay neooaoeey
iaaaciiania aeey oo?enoia, a oaeaea iuouaaony aieueoie iaaeinoaoie
n?aaenoa, aeey ?acaeoey oo?enoneiai i?iaeoeoa e ca?oaaaeiuo i?iaeaae.

Ioeaiee aeathony oaeaea n o/aoii i?iaeieaeathueony ?aaeiiaeueiuo
eiioeeeoia (iai?eia?, iaaeaeo Eiaeeae e Iaeenoaiii), /oi oaeoe/anee
ii?aaeaeyao iniiaiua iieacaoaee auacaeiiai oo?ecia n?aaieoaeueii
ieceeie. Aa?iiaeneee aeaeueiee oo?eci aoaeao ?acaeaaoueny a
caaeneiinoe io iauaia aeaiaaeiie iannu a ?yaea no?ai ?aaeiia.
I?aaeiieaaaaony oaii ?acaeoey ia?niaeoea oo?ecia a THaeioth Aceth auoa
n?aaeiaai o?iaiy ec Ainoi/iie Acee, aannaeia oeoiai ieaaia, aeeaeiaai
Ainoiea e Ao?eee.

Ia?niaeoeau ?inoa auacaeiiai oo?ecia ia Aeeaeiai Ainoiea.

Aeeaeiee Ainoie eiaao a ia?niaeoeaa aia/aoeythuee yeiiiie/aneee ?ino,
/oi, ianiiiaiii, i?eaaaeao e iiauoaiiiio n?aaeiaio iieacaoaeth
iioaioeeaeueiiai ?inoa auacaeiiai oo?ecia. Ana

?aaeiiu auea?uaatho io aic?anoathuaai auacaeiiai oo?ecia n aeeaeiaai
Ainoiea.

Ioeaiee ia?niaeoea auacaeiiai oo?ecia ia Aeeaeiai ainoiea
i?iaeaiaoe/iu. Anee a?aoiaioii yaeyaony oi, /oi aieaa noaaeeueiay
ianoaiiaea a ?aaeiia iiaea au oneeeoue ?ino auacaeiiai oo?ecia, oi a
ea/anoaa eiio?a?aoiaioa aunooiaao neooaoeey, eiaaea i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoue
oo?ecia a ?aaeii iaynii au?aaeaia e eaeao i?ioeann eco/aiey e
enneaaeiaaiey yoie neooaoeee.

?ino iieacaoaeae auacaeiiai oo?ecia ia Aeeaeiee Ainoie i?iecieaeao a
iniiaiii a ?aieao aioo?e?aaeiiaeueiiai oo?ecia , ii ia ca n/ao
?aaeiiia Aa?iiu e Aia?eee.

Ia?niaeoeau ?inoa oo?ecia a Ao?eea.

Ao?eea- ?aaeii, ninoiyuee ec iiiaeanoaa ?acee/iuo noa?aaeiiia.
Noa?aaeiiaeueiua aa?eaiou iiea aua i?aaenoieo ii?aaeaeeoue a oiaea
iiaeaioiaee niaoeeaeueiiai ?acaeaea ii Ao?eea a ?aieao i?iaeoa “I?iaiic
anaie?iiai oo?ecia aei 2000 aiaea e ia iineaaeothuee ia?eiae”. Oai ia
iaiaa, anoue neiaeeaoeany oaiaeaioeee aeey anao noa?aaeiiia.
Iineieueeo i?iaeieaeatho nio?aiyoueny i?iaeaiu, i?enouea eiioeiaioo,
eioi?ua ia?aie/eaatho iioaioeeaeueiu ?ino ?aaeecaoeee ?aaeiiaeueiiai
oo?ecia, oi ioeaiee eanathony aiciiaeiinoae n?aaeieo oaiiia ?inoa
ia?niaeoea eae auacaeiiai, oae e auacaeiiai oo?ecia. Iaeaieaa
ia?niaeoeaiuie ?aaeiiaie ii auacaeo ec Ao?eee aoaeoo Acey e naia
Ao?eea (aioo?e ?aaeiia), a n?aaeiee iieacaoaeue ?inoa auacaeiiai
oo?ecia a Ao?eeo aoaeao oa?aeoa?ai aeey iiacaeie ec Aa?iiu, Aia?eee e
Aeeaeiaai Ainoiea

Iaoneiaeaiiinoue oo?ecia.

Aeaiiue iiae?acaeae eanaaony auaiaeia ia iniiaiuo oaeoi?ao, aeeythueo e
iaoneiaeeaathueo iaaeaeoia?iaeioth oo?enoneoth aeayoaeueiinoue ia 90-
aiaeu e iineaaeothuee ia?eiae iiaiai noieaoey. Nouanoaotho oaeoi?u,
eioi?ua i/a?/eaatho ?acaeoea oo?ecia e oi?ie?otho iai?aaeaiiinoue
oo?enoneeo iioieia.

Iio?aaiinoe oo?ecia ii?aaeaeythony eae aiaoieie ianoiyoaeuenoaaie, oae
e ?uii/iuie oneiaeyie (o.a iio?aaiinoyie, i?aaeeiaeaieai e
?ani?ino?aiaieai oo?enoneiai i?iaeoeoa).

Aiaoiea ianoiyoaeuenoaa yooaeoeaiinoe oo?ecia aeeth/atho
aeaiia?aoe/aneea e nioeeaeueiua eciaiaiey, yeiiiie/aneia e oeiainiaia
?acaeoea, a oaeaea ?acaeoea oi?aiaee, o?ainii?oioth eio?ano?oeoo?o e
nenoaio aaciianiinoe.

Aeaiia?aoe/aneea e nioeeaeueiua eciaiaiey.

Eciaiaiea aeaiia?aoe/aneie no?oeoo?u e nioeeaeueiie iiaeaee
ia?iaeiianaeaiey a ?acaeouo e iiauo eiaeono?eaeueiuo no?aiao aaaeoo e
oiio, /oi ana aieueoa ethaeae aoaeao eiaoue a?aiy e aeioiae,
?anoiaeoaiue ia iooaoanoaey. Yoe eciaiaiey aeeth/atho neaaeothuea
oaeoi?u:

· Iiac?ineaiea ianaeaiey;

· Oaaee/aiea ?aaioathueo aeaiuei e aeioiaea ia /eaia naiuee;

· Aic?anoaiea aeiee iaeeiieeo iiaeeeuo ethaeae;

· Oaiaeaioeey e aieaa iicaeiei a?aeai;

· Auno?ue ?ino /enea aacaeaoiuo naiaeiuo ia? ii n?aaiaieth n ?inoii
ianaeaiey;

· Nie?auaiea /enea eiiea?aoeeiiiuo ia?aie/aiee;

· Oaaee/aiea i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe iiea/eaaaiuo ioioneia;

· Aieaa ?aiiee ooiae ia iaineth;

· Oaaee/eaathuaany iniciaiea oo?enoneeo aiciiaeiinoae.

Iieacaoaee anaie?iiai ?inoa ia?iaeiianaeaiey oaaee/eaathony iaaeeaiii,
ii i?ienoiaeeo oaaee/aiea /enea oo?enoia a aic?anoiuo a?oiiao n
aieueoei i?eno?anoeai e oeiainiauie aiciiaeiinoyie e iiacaeeai. Iaeiei
ec caiaoiuo eciaiaiee a ?acaeouo no?aiao noaiao i?iaeieaeathuaany
nieaeaiea eiee/anoaa ianaeaiey a aic?anoa 15 eao-24 aiaea.
Iineaaiaiiue anieane ?iaeaeaaiinoe neacaeny ia aic?anoa a?oii
ianaeaiey, /oi a naith i/a?aaeue yaeeinue oaeoi?ii, nieceaoei
iieacaoaee ?iaeaeaaiinoe a 60-a e 70-a aiaeu, /oi i?eaaei e aieaa
aunieie aeiee ac?ineiai e i?anoa?aeiai ianaeaiey a ?acaeouo e iiauo
eiaeono?eaeueiuo no?aiao. Ai anao eiaeono?eaeueiuo no?aiao iieacaoaeue
?iaeaeaaiinoe nieaeaaony, a i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue aeecie oaaee/eaaaony
a ?acoeueoaoa eo/oae caaiou i caei?iauea ethaeae.

I?iaeieaeeoaeueiua iiea/eaaaiua ioionea, i?eaaaeoo e aieueoei
eaieeoey?iui ia?eiaeai, a /anoiinoe, n e?aoee i?aauaaieai.

Aieueoay aeaeinoue ?aai/aai a?aiaie oiaea aeaao aiciiaeiinoue aeey
?aciiia?aciuo iio?aaiinoae a iooaoanoaeyo. Aic?anooo iio?aaiinoe a
?acee/iuo oeiao iiacaeie ii oeaeyi e aeaeai aeayoaeueiinoe, ?anoe?aieth
aeaeiaiai oo?ecia ca ?aieaie iau/iiai naciia-iee.

Iiauoaiiue o?iaaiue ia?aciaaiey oaaee/eaaao no?aieaiea ?acee/iuo
ethaeae e ciaieth ae?oa i ae?oaa. Oaoiieiaee aeinoaaie e eiiioieeaoeee
aeaeatho aiciiaeiui ?acaeaaoue iinoiyiiua eiioaeou ii/oe ni anaie
?aeiiaie ie?a, ai anao noa?ao iauaiey. Ie? noaiiaeony /?acau/aeii
einiiiieeoe/iui. Aeaaiaea?y aeeyieth ethaeae ae?oa ia ae?oaa
oi?ie?oaony iauaie?iaie noeeue aeecie, eioi?ue aicaeaenoaoao ia
iiacaeee e oo?eci. Naiui ooiaeaiaioaeueiui iniiaaieai aic?anoathueo
iieacaoaeae oo?ecia oaeoe/anee aunooiaao i?e/eiiay naycue e ?acoeueoao
noaiiaeaiey aeiaaeueiiai noeey aeecie.

Eioa?an e ae?oaei iauanoaai aucuaaao aeaeaiea iooaoanoaiaaoue e
iieo/aoue iiaua aia/aoeaiey. Iieoiaoaee o?aaotho iiaua e iiiaiaa?eaioiua
oo?enoneea oneoae e i?iaeoeou.

Yeiiiie/aneia e oeiainiaia ?acaeoea.

Nouanoaoao /aoeay naycue iaaeaeo oaiaeaioeeyie ?acaeoey oo?ecia e
iauaai yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey. Oo?enoneee ?ino i/aiue /oanoaeoaeai e
eaeiio-eeai yeiiiie/aneiio eciaiaieth. Anee oeaiu, oi ?ino iieacaoaeae
a oeaeii ia 1% /anoiiai iio?aaeaiey aaaeao e iauaio canoith a
?anoiaeao ia iooaoanoaey; i?e ?inoa iio?aaeaiey ia 2,5 % ?acaeoea
oo?ecia aic?anoaao ia 4% , a i?e ?inoa iio?aaeaiey 5% iieacaoaeue
oaaee/aiey cao?ao ia oo?eci ninoaaeyao 10% . A neo/aa, anee iio?aaeaiea
ieaea 1% , oi a oo?ecia iuouaaony niaae. Ii a eaaeaeie ioaeaeueiie
no?aia oaeay ?aaeoeey ia yeiiiie/aneea eciaiaiey i?iyaeyaony ii-naiaio
e ioeeiiaiea io n?aaeiaai iieacaoaey oaeaea aunooiaao a ?acee/iuo
oi?iao.

Niaae yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey a eiioea 80-o aiaeia oae e ia aue
i?aiaeieai e 1994a., /oi i?eaaei e iaaeaieth iieacaoaeae ?inoa
oo?enoneie aeayoaeueiinoe. Ii ?ino AAI a oeaeii a oa/aiea 90-o aiaeia
niia ana-oaee ninoaaeyoue 3% a aiae (eee aieaa oiai), oioy aeey
caiaaeiuo eiaeono?eaeueiuo no?ai yoio iieacaoaeue aoaeao ia iaeei
ioieo ieaea n?aaeiaai ?inoa, a aeey Acee, Eaoeineie Aia?eee e Aeeaeiaai
Ainoiea ?acaeoea n?aaeiaai oaiia ?inoa aeinoeaaao aieaa aunieeo
ioeaiie.

Ee/iue aeee?aoeeiiiue aeioiae, iioiaea, aoaeao oaaee/eaaoueny. Yoi
i?eiao oi?io oe?ieiai iinooieaiey aeioiaeia, eae a no?aiao n onoiyaoaeny
eiaeono?eaeecaoeeae, oae e a no?aiao n yeiiiieeie i?iiuoeaiiiai
?acaeoey, /oi i?eaaaeao:

· E aieueoae oo?enoneie aeayoaeueiinoe, a /anoiinoe, eanathuaeny
oaaee/aiey /enea iieoiaoaeae oo?enoneiai i?iaeoeoa n aieaa aunieeie
aeioiaeaie;

· E aieueoae i?iii?oeee n?aaenoa, iauanoaaiii auaeaeyaiuo ia iiacaeee e
oo?eci.

Eciaiaiea oeai ia oo?eci e oo?enoneee i?iaeoeo ii?aaeaeythony ia oieueei
o?iaiai, ?inoii e aeioiaeii, iai?aaeyaiui ia oeaee oo?ecia e iiacaeie,
ii e oaeoi?aie oeaiiia?aciaaiey ia yoo i?iaeoeoeeth e oneoae. Aoi?ay
iieiaeia 20-ai aaea auea ia?eiaeii, eiaaea oeaiu ia oo?eci
iiaeieiaeenue iaaeeaiiaa, /ai au?anoaea eioeyoeey a ?acoeueoaoa
oaaee/aiey ianooaaa yeiiiieee e eiieo?aioiiai aeaaeaiey.
Caeiiiaeaoaeueiua ia?aie/aiey ia iia?aoeee ia aaeaeeieyo e
i?iaeieaeathuaany i?iecaiaenoai aieaa aianoeoaeueiuo e eiioi?oaaaeueiuo
nio?aiytho naia aeeyiea ia oaiaeaioeee a oo?enoneii oeaiiia?aciaaiee.

Eciaiaiey a aaethoiuo eo?nao oiaea aeeytho ia oeaiu iiacaeie ca
?oaaae, /oi io?aaeaaony ia ?inoa oo?ecia.

Iieeoe/aneea, caeiiiaeaoaeueiua e ii?iaoeaiua eciaiaiey.

Iiaua iieeoe/aneea no?oeoo?u a Ainoi/iie Aa?iia iiea aua yeiiiie/anee
neaau, /oi yaeyaony ?aaeueiui i?aiyonoaeai aeey aiaea/aiey ianaeaiey a
ca?oaaaeiue oo?eci. Iauai oo?ecia iaaeaeo no?aiaie Caiaaeiie e
Ainoi/iie Aa?iiu aoaeao ?anoe, ii a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a a iai?aaeaiee
n Ainoiea ia Caiaae. Ia?u Aa?iiaeneiai niiauanoaa ii noaiiaeaieth
aaeeiiai ?uiea aoaeoo iai?aaeaiu ia neaai inaaeaaaiue naeoi? aaeaoeee a
nayce n iaee/eai ii?aaeaeaiiie nii?ioeaeyaiinoe ni noi?iiu
iaoeeiiaeueiuo ia?aaic/eeia ?yaea no?ai AYN e i?iaeieaeathueeny
ia?aianuuaiiinoueth ay?iii?oia e aaeaoeeiiiuo ei?eaei?ia . Iieeoeea AYN
“ioe?uoia iaai” iai?aaeaii ia iacia/eoaeueioth ei??aeoe?iaeo
aiciiaeiinoae n oeaeueth i?aaeinoaaeaiey aa?iiaeneei iannaaee?ai
nouanoaaiii nieaeaiiuo oeai e aieueoaai auai?a iaaeaaeiuo
aaeaeiiiaiee.

Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oo?eci aeey ?acaeaathueony no?ai yaeyaony enoi/ieeii
iinooieaiey eiino?aiiie aaethou e nicaeaiey ?aai/eo iano. A oi aea
a?aiy ii i?eaiineo eciaiaiey a o?aaeeoeeiiiua nioeeaeueiua nenoaiu e
i?e?iaeioth n?aaeo, nicaeaaay aeiiieieoaeueioth caaeneiinoue.

Iineaaeiaa aeanyoeeaoea aianei eciaiaiey a aaeain aeaaaoia, auaiaey
aini?eyoea oo?ecia ec i?eieoeaiie ioeaiee oneiaee ?acaeoey- noieo eee
ia noieo aai iiaeaea?aeeaaoue. Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oo?eci oaia?ue
i?eciaaony eae nia?aiaiiue eino?oiaio yeiiiieee, naycaiiue eae n
aeioiaeaie, oae e n i?iaeaiaie. Ii/oe ana ?acaeaathueany no?aiu
iiieiatho oeaeaniia?aciinoue ?acaeoey iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai oo?ecia.
I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?acaeaathueony no?ai i?e ieaie?iaaiee ?acaeoey oo?ecia
i?eieiatho ai aieiaiea yeiiiie/aneea, nioeeaeueiua, eoeueoo?iua
iio?aaiinoe ianaeaiey e o?aaiaaiey ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, eioi?ay yaeyaony
aacie oo?ecia, aunooiaao eae aeiey ianneaiiai oo?ecia e o?aaoao
eiaeono?eaeueiiai ?acaeoey.

Aic?anoaao cia/eiinoue ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu eae aacu aeey oo?ecia.
Iineaaeothuea 10 eao iiaeoaa?aeyo aieueoaa aieiaiea, i?iyaeaiiia ia
oieueei i?aaeoaeuenoaaie no?ai, ii e oo?enoneeie iia?aoi?aie e
i?iecaiaeeoaeyie oo?enoneiai i?iaeoeoa n oeaeueth nicaeaiey “
aeinoieiiai oo?ecia”.

Oaoiieiaey ?acaeoey oo?ecia.

I?ia?ann a oaoiieiaeyo aaeaoeeiiii-eiaeaia?iuo nenoai, iacaiiiai
o?ainii?oa, a oaeaea nenoai yeaeo?iiiuo aeaiiuo i?iaeieaeaao
inouanoaeyoueny ia i?ioyaeaiee anao 90-o aiaeia. ?acaeoea iooaoanoaee
aoaeao aieaa auno?ui, i?yiui, n naoueth naiuo ?aciiia?aciuo ia?o?ooia e
iaiaa aei?iainoiyuei.

Iaeiia?aiaiii aoaeao niaa?oainoaiaaoueny n?aaenoaa eioi?iaoeeiiiiai
iaania/aiey e a?iie?iaaiey iiacaeie.

?acaeoea oi?aiaee. A 90-a aiaeu ianoiyoaeuenoaa iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
oi?aiaee noaiiayony aieaa eeaa?aeueiuie, oioy i?iyaeythony
naea?aeeaathuea oaeoi?u, aucaaiiua o?oaaaeneeie ia?aaiai?aie AAOO.
Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay oi?aiaey nio?aiyao i?aeoeeo nouanoaaiiiai ?acaeoey a
oneiaeyo, eiaaea aieueoaa /enei no?ai aeoeaiaa o/anoaotho eae a
yenii?oa, oae e a eiii?oa.

Onoaiaaeeaaaony e caeeth/aaony aieueoa ?aaeiiaeueiuo niaeaoaiee,
iai?eia?, ii oeio niaeaoaiey i naiaiaea oi?aiaee a Naaa?iie Aia?eea
(NAFTA) , /oi a naith i/a?aaeue iiaeaea?aeeaaao oo?eci iaaeaeo no?aiaie.
?anoe?ythony e iaaeaeoia?iaeiua naoe oo?iia?aoi?ia.

O?ainii?oiay eio?ano?oeoo?a. Iaeeaeaaiua ianooaau ?inoa oo?ecia aoaeoo
ieacuaaoue aeeyiea ia iaono?ienoai e ?acaea/aiey, o?aaoaiua oo?enoaie.
Naiua aieueoea i?iaeaiu a nayce n yoei aicieeatho a noa?a o?ainii?oiie
eio?ano?oeoo?u (ay?iii?ou, aaoiaei?iae e aeaeaciiaei?iaeiua naoe). Aieaa
oiai, iaeeaeaaony ?aeiino?oeoeey o?ainii?oiie eio?ano?oeoo?u ai anao
?aaeiiao ie?a.

Aac anyeeo nnueie ia aeiaaeueiua aaeao?ainii?oiua i?ioeannu e o?oaeiinoe
?aaeueiay ia?niaeoeaa ninoieo a oii, /oi aaeaia?aaicee e ?ino oo?ecia
aoaeoo i?aaeiaoii noieeiiaaiey ai iiiaeo ?aeiiao ie?a ia i?ioyaeaiee
90-o aiaeia . Aaeao?ainii?oiua ia?aa?ocee ieaaeoony iniiaiui
i?aiyonoaeai aeey iieiiai inouanoaeaiey iioaioeeaeueiuo aiciiaeiinoae
aceaoii-iinaaei/iuo n?aaenoa, iio?aaotho iiauo eiaanoeoeee a aieueoii
iauaia.

?ano?nu ?uiea. Ianoiy, i?yii e yooaeoeaii aicaeaenoaothuea ia oo?eci e
naycaiiua n oi?ie?iaaieai iio?aaiinoae, ni?ina e i?aaeeiaeaiey ia
oo?enoneee i?iaeoeo e oneoae, oneiaii iiaeii iacaaoue – ?ano?nu ?uiea.
Ninoaaeythuea aeaiiiai iai?aaeaiey yaeythony: i?ioeann iio?aaiinoae,
ni?ina e i?aaeeiaeaiey; naaiaiou ?uiea; ?acaeoea oeaeae oo?enoneiai
i?iaeoeoa; /anoiue oo?enoneee naeoi? e ethaeneea ?ano?nu.

Iio?aaiinoe, ni?in e i?aaeeiaeaiea. Iio?aaiinoe a aeene?aoeeiiiii
oo?ecia, (o.a. oo?eci ii nianoaaiiiio auai?o) aoaeoo aic?anoaoue a
oa/aiea 90-o aiaeia.

I?aaeiieaaaaony oaaee/aiea iiacaeie ca ieaoo , i?eaeeaeaiioth e
?aaeueiui oa?eoai, /oi iaoneiaeo aeaa aaaeiuo iiiaioa:

· ?ino aeiee eaieeoey?iuo iiacaeie, a /anoiinoe ii eiino?aiiui
ia?o?ooai;

· ?ino iiaoi?yaiinoe eaieeoey?iiai ia?eiaea.

Aieaa oiai, yoe oaiaeaioeee i?eaaaeoo e oaaee/aieth iio?aaiinoae a
iiauo, aieaa i?eaeaeaoaeueiuo e ?aciiia?aciuo oo?enoneeo i?iaeoeoao e
oneoaao. O?aaeeoeeiiiue, oe?ieee ianooaa oo?enoneiai i?iaeoeoa e oneoa
(iai?eia?, ioaeuo ia ieyaea, ai?iaeneea oo?u) inoaiaony iniiaiui auai?ii
ia oo?enoneeo ?uieao, n iaaeeaiiui ?inoii oeai.

?acaeoea nenoaiu “ ni?in-iio?aaiinoe”, i?aaeoniio?aiiia ia ia?eiae 90-o
aiaeia e aeaeaa, /aoei ii?aaeaeyaony oa?ieiii “naaiaio ?uiea”, /oi
icia/aao i?ioeann, eiaaea i?iaeaaaoe oo?enoneiai ia?o?ooa eee iano ia
naiieao, a ainoeieoeo i?eaeaeaao iieoiaoaeae, eioi?ua aoaeoo
oaeiaeaoai?aiu i?iaeoeoii eee oneoaaie, i?aaeeiaeaiiuie i?iaeaaoeii.

Naaiaio ?uiea. ?acaeoea iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ioiioaiee i?eaaaeao e
oaaee/aieth naaiaioa ?uiea iooaoanoaee e oo?ecia, a /anoiinoe, a nayce
n oaeoi?ii aeaiia?aoe/aneiai oa?aeoa?a, ia?aca aeecie e a?oiiiauo
eioa?ania ianaeaiey.

I?aaeaeaeyony ?ino aioo?e?aaeiiaeueiiai oo?enoneiai naaiaioa a Acee.
Aa?iia, ia Aeeaeiai Ainoiea e a ae?oaeo ?aaeiiao; aieaa oe?ieia
iacia/aiea iai?aaeaiee oo?ecia, a /anoiinoe, iiauo aai aeaeia, iiacaeee
ia aeaeueiea ?annoiyiey; i?iaeoiaiiue ?uiie eaieeoe e ioaeuoa (o.a.
niioaaonoaothuee eae niaea?aeaieth, oae e iaiaoiaeeiiio eiioi?oo);
i?eaeaeaoaeueiue oo?eci (o.a. oaeiaeaoai?ythuee eaeei-eeai aeaoi eee
aieaa yeaiaioai, naycaiiui n ie?oaeathuae n?aaeie); e?aoeee ioaeuo,
i?aaiecoaiue n eniieueciaaieai n?aaenoa ?anneaaeaiey e ioaeuoa aia
aeiia.

Oeaee ?acaeoey oo?enoneiai i?iaeoeoa.

Aiaeec oo?enoneiai eioa?ana auyaee iaiaoiaeeiinoue: aieueoaai
?aciiia?acey oeaeae e caaea/ oo?ecia a ?acaeaathueony no?aiao, /oi
iaoneiaeeaaao ?uiie aeene?aoeeiiiiai oo?ecia; ?anoe?aiiie
aeeaa?neoeeaoeee oo?enoneiai i?iaeoeoa; iaono?ienoaa e ieaaiiai ?acaeoey
anao neeaaeuaathueony iai?aaeaiee e oaiaeaioeee ?uiea n o/aoii
aaciianiuo noaiaea?oia ianeoaeeaaiey.

?uiie noaiiaeony aieaa eiie?aoiui, eiaaea aic?anoaao iniciaiea a
iio?aaeaiee i?iaeoeoa, nenoaiu nayce e eiiioieeaoeee noaiiayony aieaa
i?eniiniaeaiiuie. Oaaee/eaaaony iaiaoiaeeiinoue a ieaie?iaaiee
oo?enoneiai ?acaeoey ia iniiaa iieiie eioaa?aoeee e iieiiai iiieiaiey
iio?aaiinoae oo?enoneeo ?uieia a ?acaeoee i?aaeeiaeaiee e ni?ina.

Ia?eaoeia a oo?ecia. 70-a e 80-a aiaeu auee ia?eiaeii, eiaaea eaaeaeue
oei e eaoaai?ey oo?enoneiai o/anoieea, (o.a. no?aiu, iia?aoi?u) eiaee
oi?ioea ia?niaeoeau aeey oniaoa. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy i?ienoiaeyo
eciaiaiey a aeaiiie neooaoeee ia oieueei ec-ca aeaaeaiey, aucaaiiiai
eioaineaiie eiieo?aioeeae e ana aieaa aic?anoathueie o?aaiaaieyie
iio?aaeoaey, ii e a ?acoeueoaoa caoyioaoaainy yeiiiie/aneiai niaaea.
Yoi i?eaaei e neooaoeee, eiaaea ana o/anoieee oo?enoneie
aeayoaeueiinoe, ia ni?eaioe?iaaaoeany ia ?uiea, iino?aaeaee ec-ca
iayooaeoeaiinoe iia?aoeee.

Aeinoeaeaiea oeaee iia?aoi?ia – ?acaeoea i?iaeoeoa e oneoa a oi/iii
niioaaonoaee n o?aaiaaieyie caaeneo io aieaa eioaineaiie i?iaeaaee,
aieueoae ianooiaoaeueiinoe a ?aaeecaoeee oo?enoneiai i?iaeoeoa,
iaaeaee yoi auei a i?ioeii. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, ?uii/iua e ni?eaioe?iaaiiua
ia i?iaeaeaeaiea athaeaeaou cia/eoaeueii oaaee/ao i?iii?oeee
oo?enoneiai ?inoa a iineaaeothuea aiaeu.

Yeiiiie/aneia aicaeaenoaea oo?ecia.

Oo?enou o?aoyo aeaiueae a ioaeyo, ?anoi?aiao, o?ainii?oa, e o.ae.
ei?iieeatho a yeiiiieeo no?aiu i?aauaaiey. Yoi i?iieeiiaaiea iiaeii
enneaaeiaaoue n iiiiuueth ioeaiee i?yiiai e einaaiiiai i?iieeathuaai
aicaeaenoaey. I?yiia aicaeaenoaea-yoi iauai ?anoiaeia oo?enoia ca
au/aoii iauaia eiii?oa, iaiaoiaeeii aeey iieiiai iaania/aiey oiaa?aie e
oneoaaie oo?enoia. I?aaei?eyoey, e eioi?ui iaiin?aaenoaaiii iinooiatho
?anoiaeu oo?enoia, oaeaea ioaeaeathony a iieoiea oiaa?ia e oneoaao
ae?oaeo naeoi?ia ianoiie yeiiiieee. Iai?eia?, ainoeieoeu iieuecothony
oneoaaie no?ieoaeae, eiiioiaeueiuo i?aaiecaoeee, aaieia, no?aoiauo
eiiiaiee, i?iecaiaeeoaeae ieuaauo i?iaeoeoia e ae?. Oaeei ia?acii,
aaia?e?iaaiiay yeiiiie/aneay aeoeaiinoue , iieo/aiiay ec yoeo
iineaaeiaaoaeueiuo yoaiia ?anoiaeiaaiey, e yaeyaony einaaiiui
aicaeaenoaeai. Iaeiaei iii ia ioaaouaaao ana ?anoiaeu oo?enoia ai a?aiy
i?yiiai aicaeaenoaey, oae eae /anoue aeaiaa auoiaeeo ec iai?ioa /a?ac
eiii?o e iaeiaiiaeiaeaiea.

Ai a?aiy i?yiiai e einaaiiiai ?anoiaeiaaiey o ianoiiai
ianaeaiey iaeaieeaaaony aeioiae a oi?ia ca?aaioiie ieaou, a?aiaeiie
ieaou e ae?. Yoio aeiiieieoaeueiue aeioiae ianoiua aeeoaee iiaoo
?anoiaeiaaoue ia iieoieo ioa/anoaaiiuo oiaa?ia e oneoa, nicaeaaay oai
naiui iiaue aeoie yeiiiie/aneie aeoeaiinoe.

Oo?eci, iaeiaei, iiaeao ieacaoue e iaaaoeaiia aicaeaenoaea ia
yeiiiieeo. I?iecaiaenoai oo?enoneie i?iaeoeoeee e oneoa o?aaoao
ia?aa?inee ?ano?nia ec ae?oaeo noa? yeiiiieee, aaea iio?aaiinoue a ieo
oaeaea auniea.

Eioeyoeey iiaeao i?eaanoe e nie?auaieth eiee/anoaa
oiio?aaeyaiuo ianoiui ianaeaieai i?iaeoeoia. Yoio eioeyoeeiiiue ?ene
iniaaiii aaeee a ?acaeaathueony no?aiao, ec-ca iayeanoe/iinoe
i?aaeeiaeaiey oai e iaaiciiaeiinoe eiii?oe?iaaoue ea/anoaaiiua
i?iaeoeou ii i?e/eia ieceiai eo?na ianoiie aaethou ii ioiioaieth e
oaa?aeui aaethoai. Eioeyoeeth iiaeii i?einoaiiaeoue n iiiiuueth
oiaiueoaiey ni?ina ni noi?iiu eiino?aiiuo e ianoiuo iio?aaeoaeae eee n
iiiiuueth oaaee/aiey eiii?oa, ca n/ao oeiainiauo n?aaenoa, iieo/aaiuo io
oao aea eiino?aiiuo ainoae.

Yeiiiie/aneea aniaeou i?aaiecaoeee o/o.

Iiae i?aaiecaoeeae oo?ecia, eae io?aneaaie yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu
iiieiaaony ni/aoaiea no?oeoo?u e niiniaia ooieoeeiie?iaaiey aa
yeaiaioia e iiaenenoai. No?oeoo?a oo?ecia oa?aeoa?ecoaony ninoaaii aa
yeaiaioia e niiniaii eo iauaaeeiaiey (acaeiiaeaenoaey).

I?aaiecaoeeiiiay no?oeoo?a i?aaenoaaeyao niaie niinia
iauaaeeiaiey no?oeoo?iuo aaeeieoe yeaiaioa?iiai o?iaiy (oo?oe?i,
oo?aaaionoa eo.i.), a ?acoeueoaoa eioi?iai ia?acoaony ea?a?oey oo?ecia
eae io?aneaaie yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu.

A i?aaiecaoeeiiiie no?oeoo?a io?anee oo?ecia iiaeii
?acee/eoue nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneee aniaeo, iaoa?eaeueii –
aauanoaaiiue , oaoiieiae/aneee , e eioi?iaoeeiiiue aniaeou.

Nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneee aniaeo i?aaiecaoeeiiiie no?oeoo?u naycai n
oi?ie?iaaieai nianoaaiiinoe ia n?aaenoaa i?iecaiaenoaa, n iiiiuueth
eioi?uo inouanoaeyaony ooieoeeiie?iaaiea oo?ecia. A caaeneiinoe io
yoiai auaeaeythony neaaeothuea i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaua oi?iu oo?ecia :
oaaea?aeueiay, ioieoeeiaeueiay, aeoeeiia?iay, /anoiay e o.ae.

Iaoa?eaeueii-aauanoaaiiue aniaeo no?oeoo?u oo?ecia eae io?anee
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie niaieoiiinoue i?iecaiaeeiuo e ?aaeecoaiuo ei
oo?ia, oneoa e oiaa?ia. Yoio aniaeo oa?aeoa?ecoaony iauaiaie
?aaeecaoeee oo?enoneiai i?iaeoeoa.

Oaoiieiae/aneee aniaeo io?anee oo?ecia i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
niaieoiiinoue eiie?aoiuo oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia, naycaiiuo n
i?iecaiaenoaii , ?aaeecaoeeae e iio?aaeaieai oo?enoneiai i?iaeoeoa.

Eioi?iaoeeiiiue aniaeo i?aaiecaoeeiiiie no?oeoo?u oo?ecia. *oiau
ni?aaeoueny n oi?aaeaieai oaeie neiaeiie nenoaiu, eae oo?eci,
iaiaoiaeeia ?aoeeiiaeueiay i?aaiecaoeey iioiea eioi?iaoeee. Iaeaieaa
yooaeoeaiie i?aaiecaoeeae aeey aieueoeo nenoai yaeyaony
ea?a?oe/aneay no?oeoo?a e o.ae.

Aeae oo?ecia naycai ni niaoeeoeeie io?aaeaiey oeiainiauo
?acoeueoaoia a athaeaeaoa no?aiu eee aa ?aaeiia. Ii aeaiiiio i?eciaeo
a oi?iao oo?ecia auaeaeytho aeaa aeaea oo?ecia : aeoeaiue e ianneaiue.

I?eacae eiino?aiiuo oo?enoia a no?aio eee ioa/anoaaiiuo oo?enoia a
aeaiiue ?aaeii no?aiu yaeyaony aeoeaiui oo?eciii. Aeoeaiue oo?eci
neoaeeo oaeoi?ii aaica aeaiaa (aaethou) a no?aio eee aeaiiue ?aaeii.

Iooaoanoaea a?aaeaeai iaeiie no?aiu a ae?oaea ainoaea?noaa e
auacae oo?enoia ec aeaiiiai ?aaeiia no?aiu yaeythony ianneaiui
oo?eciii. Ianneaiue oo?eci yaeyaony oaeoi?ii auaica aeaiaa
(aaethou) ec no?aiu eee aeaiiiai ?aaeiia.

Aiaeec aaeaina.

Iiaeii auaeaeeoue aeaa o?iaiy ?inneeneie oeiainiaie eioi?iaoeee:
aeaiiua, i?aaeoniio?aiiua o?aaiaaieyie ?inneeneie io/aoiinoe a
oeiainiaie e iaeiaiaie iaeanoe, e eioi?iaoeey oeiainiaie io/aoiinoe,
oaea a ianoiyuaa a?aiy oi?ie?oaony n o/aoii o?aaiaaiee iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo
noaiaea?oia aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa. Anee ?acoeueoaou yeiiiie/aneiai
aiaeeca ii ia?aiio e?oao eioi?iaoeee niiinoaaeiu n ?acoeueoaoaie anao
eiiia?/aneeo i?aaiecaoeee ?innee, oi ?an/aoiua iieacaoaee n
ii?aaeaeaiiie noaiaiueth ei??aeoe?iaee iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu e
eioa?i?aoe?iaaiu e eiino?aiiuie eiaanoi?aie.

?acthie?oy auoaeceiaeaiiia, iiaeii neacaoue, /oi noaiaea?oiay
oaoiieiaey aiaeeca oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe oo?oe?iu
iniiauaaaony ia eniieueciaaiee noaiaea?oiie e aaeeiiia?aciie a
niaea?aeaoaeueiii ieaia iaoiaeieiaee oi?ie?iaaiey eioi?iaoeee. Aiaeec
oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoee – i?ioeann
oai?/aneee, e iiyoiio ia iiaeao auoue i?aaeeiaeaia aaeeiay noaia aai
inouanoaeaiey. Iaeiaei a oi aea a?aiy iiaeao auoue noi?ioee?iaai ?yae
iieiaeaiee, eanathueony aai i?iaaaeaiey enoiaey ec aioo?aiiae eiaeee
enneaaeiaaiey nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo i?ioeannia. A niioaaonoaee n iae
ia ia/aeueiii yoaia aiaeeca inouanoaeyaony enneaaeiaaiea eiouanoaaiiie
no?oeoo?u i?aaei?eyoey , ninoaaa enoi/ieeia oeiaine?iaaiey aai
aeayoaeueiinoe e yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey iaoa?eaeueiuo ?ano?nia ia
iniiaa eniieueciaaiey iaeaieaa aa?aae?iaaiiuo iieacaoaeae oeiainiaie
io/aoiinoe. Iieo/aiiua ia yoii yoaia ?acoeueoaou aiaeeca
oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe iicaieytho auaeaeeoue oa aniaeou
eiouanoaaiiiai e oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey i?aaei?eyoey, ia eioi?ua
oeaeaniia?acii ia?aoeoue aieiaiea ia iineaaeothueo yoaiao
yeiiiie/aneiai aiaeeca.

I?e aiaeeca oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe iaeaieaa iauoth
ea?oeio ninoiyiey i?aaei?eyoey aeaao aiaeec oaeeo oi?i
aooaaeoa?neie io/aoiinoe, eae aaeain i?aaei?eyoey e aai io/ao i
i?eaueyo e oauoeao.

Aiaeec yoeo oi?i aooaaeoa?neie io/aoiinoe a aeeiaieea aeaao
i?aaenoaaeaiea ia eciaiaiee oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneiai ninoiyiey
i?aaei?eyoey a oa/aiea ii?aaeaeaiiiai ia?eiaea a?aiaie. Aeey auyaeaiey
iaueo oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey oe?iu e ii?aaeaeaiey aa ia?niaeoeaiuo
aiciiaeiinoae oeaeaniia?acii niiinoaaeyoue iieacaoaee ianeieueeeo
aaeainia.

Yeiiiie/aneee iioaioeeae oicyenoaothuaai noauaeoa iiaeao
?anniao?eaaoueny aeaiyei: n iiceoeee eiouanoaaiiiai iieiaeaiey
i?aaei?eyoey e n iiceoeee aai oeiainiaiai iieiaeaiey. Iaa yoeo
aniaeoa oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe acaeiinaycaiu:
ia?aoeeiiaeueiay no?oeoo?a eiouanoaa, aai iaea/anoaaiiue ninoaa iiaoo
i?eaanoe e oooaeoaieth oeiainiaiai iieiaeaiey, e iaiai?io. Oae,
iaii?aaaeaiiia iia?oaeaiea n?aaenoa a aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee, aeaaeoi?neie
caaeieaeaiiinoe, i?iecaaaeaiiuo caianao iiaeao iaaaoeaii iiaeeyoue ia
aiciiaeiinoue naiaa?aiaiii inouanoaeyoue oaeouea ieaoaaee, a ?ino
caaiiuo n?aaenoa – i?eaanoe e iaiaoiaeeiinoe ?aaeecaoeee eiouanoaa
i?aaei?eyoey aeey ?an/aoia n e?aaeeoi?aie.

Onoie/eainoue oeiainiaiai iieiaeaiey i?aaei?eyoey a cia/eoaeueiie
noaiaie caaeneo io oeaeaniia?aciinoe e i?aaeeueiinoe aeiaeaiey
oeiainiauo ?ano?nia a aeoeau. Aeoeau aeeiaie/iu ii naiae i?e?iaea, a
i?ioeanna ooieoeeiie?iaaiey i?aaei?eyoey eo aaee/eia e no?oeoo?a
i?aoa?iaaatho iinoiyiiua eciaiaiey. Iaeaieaa iauaa i?aaenoaaeaiea ia
eiaaoeo ianoi ea/anoaaiiuo eciaiaieyo a no?oeoo?a n?aaenoa e eo
enoi/ieeia , a oae aea a eo aeeiaieea iiaeii iieo/eoue n iiiiuueth
aiaeeca io/aoiinoe.

Aa?oeeaeueiue e ai?eciioaeueiue aiaeec ia iniiaa oeiainiaie
io/aoiinoe oeaeaniia?acii inouanoaeyoue ia ia/aeueiii yoaia
yeiiiie/aneiai aiaeeca aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey. I/aiue /anoi aai
iiaeii ?anniao?eaaoue eae aniiiiaaoaeueiue yoai, a oiaea eioi?iai
auyaeythony oa aniaeou, eioi?ua a aeaeueiaeoai iio?aaotho oaeoaeaiiiai e
ananoi?iiiaai aiaeeca. Aa?oeeaeueiue aiaeec iicaieyao auaeaeeoue n
o/aoii io?aneaaie niaoeeoeee iaeaieaa aaaeiua aeey aeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey
eiouanoaaiiua eiiiiiaiou e enoi/ieee oeiainiauo n?aaenoa, a
ai?eciioaeueiue – auyaeyao iaeaieaa nouanoaaiiua eciaiaiey a no?oeoo?a
eiouanoaa e iai?aaeaieyo oeiaine?iaaiey, eiaaoeo ianoi a
?anniao?eaaaiii ia?eiaea.

Aa?oeeaeueiue aiaeec aeaao i?aaenoaaeaiea i no?oeoo?a n?aaenoa
i?aaei?eyoey e eo enoi/ieeia, au?aaeaiiuo ia a aaniethoiuo aaeeieoeao,
a a aeieyo eeai a i?ioeaioao. Ca aaeeieoeo, eee 100%, i?eieiaaony
aaethoa aaeaina, e eaaeaeue aaniethoiue iieacaoaeue ?ann/eouaaaony eeai
a aeieyo, eeai a i?ioeaioao ii ioiioaieth e eoiaiaiio iieacaoaeth
aaeaina. Ioiineoaeueiua iieacaoaee a ii?aaeaeaiiie noaiaie inaiaiaeaeaiu
io iaaaoeaiiai aeeyiey eioeyoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia, /oi iicaieyao
i?iaiaeeoue aieaa iauaeoeaiue aiaeec oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe a
aeeiaieea.

Noaiaiue aeaoaeecaoeee aooaaeoa?neiai aaeaina, ii eioi?iio
i?iaiaeeony aa?oeeaeueiue e ai?eciioaeueiue aiaeec, ii?aaeaeyaony oaie
oeaeyie, eioi?ua noaayony i?e enneaaeiaaiee.

Eiiaaea aa?oeeaeueiue e ai?eciioaeueiue aiaeec oeaeaniia?aciaa
i?iaiaeeoue ii iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiie io/aoiinoe, o.a. iaeioi?ua noaouee
iiaoo auoue oe?oiiaiu. A oao neo/ayo, eiaaea aaaeii ii?aaeaeeoue
cia/eiinoue ioaeaeueiuo ninoaaiuo /anoae eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey, aiaeec
neaaeoao inouanoaeyoue ii iieiie noaia.

I/aaeaeii, /oi i?e ioeaiea eeeaeaeiinoe eiouanoaa e ii?aaeaeaiee
aai ?uii/iie noieiinoe o iioaioeeaeueiuo eiaanoi?ia aoaeao niaa?oaiii
?aciia ioiioaiea e ioeaiea iaiaoa?eaeueiuo aeoeaia, a ninoaaa eioi?uo
i/aiue auniea aeiey i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo ?anoiaeia e aeaeiaie ?aiooaoeee,
eee aeoeaia, aieueoay /anoue eioi?uo i?eoiaeeony ia iauaeou i?iiuoeaiiie
nianoaaiiinoe, aeeth/athuea i?aaa ia i?ia?aiiu YAI, aacu aeaiiuo,
iio-oao, iaoaiou ia ecia?aoaiea e i?iiuoeaiiua ia?acoeu e o.i. Aiaeec
ninoaaa iaiaoa?eaeueiuo aeoeaia iiaeao auoue aanueia aeooaeai aeey
oo?oe?i, caieiathueony oo?iia?aoi?neie aeayoaeueiinoueth, o eioi?uo
cia/eoaeueiua n?aaenoaa eaeoo ia ?aeeaio e oi?ie?iaaiea aeaeiaie
?aiooaoeee, ?ac?aaioeo i?ia?aiiiuo i?iaeoeoia, i?eia?aoaiea eioi?iaoeee
e o.i.

Aeey eaieoaeiaieeo iauaeoia io?anee, oaeeo eae ainoeie/iia oicyenoai,
eaiieiae, iioaee, n?aaenoaa ?aciauaiey ia o?ainii?oa, a ninoaaa
eiouanoaa eioi?uo cia/eoaeueiay aeiey i?eoiaeeony ia iniiaiua n?aaenoaa,
iaiaoiaeeii aieaa aeaoaeueii enneaaeiaaoue aii?in no?oeoo?u yoeo
n?aaenoa e ii?aaeaeeoue iieacaoaee, oa?aeoa?ecothuea eo aeaeaeaiea, a
neaaeiaaoaeueii, e eioaineaiinoue oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Nia?aiaiiay no?oeoo?a oeiainiaie io/aoiinoe, iicaieyao auaeaeeoue
e ioeaieoue a ninoaaa iniiaiuo n?aaenoa, oaeaeueiue aan noieiinoe
caiaeueiuo o/anoeia e ae?oaeo iauaeoia i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey, caeaiey,
nii?oaeaiey, iaoeiu e iai?oaeiaaiea, o?ainii?oiua n?aaenoaa,
i?iecaiaenoaaiiue e oicyenoaaiiue eiaaioa?ue e ae?. Aeaiiua oeiainiaie
io/aoiinoe iicaieytho ?ann/eoaoue oaeea iieacaoaee, oa?aeoa?ecothuea
oece/aneia ninoiyiea iniiaiuo n?aaenoa e oicyenoaaiioth aeayoaeueiinoue
i?aaei?eyoey, eae eiyooeoeeaio eciina e eiyooeoeeaio aaiaea e auauoey
iniiaiuo n?aaenoa e ioaeaeueiuo eo yeaiaioia.

I?e aeinoaoi/ii aieueoie aeiea a ninoaaa aeoeaia i?aaei?eyoey
aeieain?i/iuo oeiainiauo aeiaeaiee (ii e?aeiae ia?a i?aauoathueo 5-10%
io aaethou aaeaina) a oiaea aiaeeca oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe oeaeaniia?acii enneaaeiaaoue eo no?oeoo?o. Aeaiiua
oeiainiaie io/aoiinoe iicaieytho ?ann/eouaaoue oaeaeueiue aan a ninoaaa
aeieain?i/iuo aeiaeaiee eiaanoeoeee a aei/a?iea e caaeneiua iauanoaa, a
ae?oaea i?aaiecaoeee, caeiu (ia n?ie aieaa iaeiiai aiaea). A nia?aiaiiuo
oneiaeyo yoe aeaiiua iniaaiii eioa?anotho iioaioeeaeueiuo eiaanoi?ia,
?anniao?eaathueo aii?in i naiai o/anoee a i?yiii oeiaine?iaaiee
i?aaiecaoeee, iineieueeo, eae iieacuaaao ?inneeneee iiuo, eiaiii /a?ac
aei/a?iea e caaeneiua iauanoaa inouanoaeyaony a aieueoeo ianooaaao
ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiea i?eauee. Aeey ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe ioaea/aiey
?ano?nia a ae?oaea i?aaiecaoeee ( o.a. aei/a?iea e caaeneiua)
iaiaoiaeeii niiinoaaeoue iauoth noiio iai?aaeaiiuo ia yoi oeiainiauo
n?aaenoa n iinooieaieai aeioiaeia.

No?oeoo?a eiouanoaa, iaauanoaeaiiiai a iai?ioiuo aeoeaao, aeaao
i?aaenoaaeaiea i niioiioaiee caiania, aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe,
e?aoein?i/iuo oeiainiauo aeiaeaiee e aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa.

Iineieueeo iio?aaiinoue a iai?ioiuo n?aaenoaao ii?aaeaeyaony
io?aneaaie niaoeeoeeie i?aaei?eyoee e oneiaeyie eo oaeouae
aeayoaeueiinoe, naie ii naaa iieacaoaee no?oeoo?u oaeoueo aeoeaia iaei
eioi?iaoeaiu. Eioa?aniua e iieaciua aiaeeoe/aneea auaiaeu iiaee au auoue
naeaeaiu a oiaea n?aaiaiey iieacaoaeae no?oeoo?u iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa
?anniao?eaaaiiai i?aaei?eyoey, e oniaoii aeaenoaothueo iaeiioeiiuo
eiiiaiee. Iaeiaei iiaeiaiay ii?iaoeaiay eioi?iaoeey iiaeao auoue
iieo/aia eeai a ?acoeueoaoa iaiauaiey aeaiiuo aaeaina ca ?yae eao, eeai
iooai i?iaaaeaiey niaoeeaeueiuo io?aneaauo iao/iuo enneaaeiaaiee. Ie oi,
ie ae?oaia a iaoae no?aia naeaeaoue a ianoiyuaa a?aiy ia
i?aaeinoaaeyaony aiciiaeiui.

Aa?oeeaeueiue aiaeec ianneaa aaeaina aeaao i?aaenoaaeaiea i
oeiainiauo enoi/ieeao oi?ie?iaaiey eiouanoaaiiie aacu i?aaei?eyoey e
aicieeoeo i?e yoii oeiainiauo iaycaoaeuenoaao. Iiiaea ec iieo/aiiuo
?an/aoiuo iieacaoaeae no?oeoo?u ianneaia i?aaenoaaeytho eioa?an aeey
eiaanoi?ia. Caeanue, i?aaeaea anaai, neaaeoao auaeaeeoue niioiioaiea
nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa e i?eaea/aiiuo.

Aeey au?aaioee no?aoaaee oaeouae aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey
aaaeiui i?aaenoaaeyaony ioneaaeeaaiea e iiaeaea?aeaiea i?eaieaiiai
o?iaiy e?aaeeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe.

Enneaaeiaaiea no?oeoo?u eiouanoaa e oeiainiauo enoi/ieeia e
iaycaoaeuenoa ca ?yae eao (iauai?eiyoie ie?iaie i?aeoeeie a
eiaanoeoeeiiiie iaeanoe yaeyaony aiaeec oeiainiaie io/aoiinoe , ii
e?aeiae ia?a ca o?e aiaea) iicaieyao auyaeoue oaiaeaioeee, o/ao eioi?uo
i?e au?aaioea no?aoaaee i?iecaiaenoaaiiie e oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe
i?aaei?eyoey iaania/eaaao ?ino yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey aai
?ano?nia. Aua ?ac iiae/a?eiai, /oi aa?oeeaeueiue aiaeec ai iiiaii iineo
aniiiiaaoaeueiue oa?aeoa?, iicaieyy auyaeyoue iai?aaeaiey oaeoaeaiiiai
enneaaeiaaiey iioaioeeaea i?aaei?eyoey, e iieo/aaiua ?acoeueoaou aeatho
iauaa i?aaenoaaeaiea i niioiioaiee iaoa?eaeueiuo e oeiainiauo
i?aaeiinueie aai oicyenoaaiii aeayoaeueiinoe.

Ai?eciioaeueiue aiaeec io/aoiinoe caeeth/aaony a iino?iaiee iaeiie
eee ianeieueeeo oaaeeoe, a eioi?uo aaniethoiua iieacaoaee caiaiythony
ioiineoaeueiuie iieacaoaeyie oaiiia ?inoa eee nieaeaiey, au?aaeaiiuie a
i?ioeaioao eee aeieyo, /oi iicaieyao aiaeece?iaaoue aeaiiua iieacaoaee a
i?ioeii e i?iaiice?iaaoue eo aoaeouea cia/aiey. Iniiaie n?aaiaiey, eae
i?aaeei, yaeythony iieacaoaee aaceniiai ia?eiaea. Oeaiiinoue
?acoeueoaoia ai?eciioaeueiiai aiaeeca cia/eoaeueii nieaeaaony a
oneiaeyo eioeyoeee, oai ia iaiaa, yoe aeaiiua iiaeii eniieueciaaoue i?e
iaaeoicyenoaaiiuo n?aaiaieyo.

Anee o/anoue, /oi a ?innee iineaaeiea aiaeu nii?iaiaeaeaeenue
n?aaieoaeueii aunieie eioeyoeeae, i?e/ai ioaeaeueiua
iaoa?eaeueii-aauaaua e oeiainiaua eiiiiiaiou oa?aeoa?eciaaeenue
?acee/iuie oaiiaie eioeyoeee, eniieueciaaoue ?ann/eoaiiua.

Iaoiaeeea aiaeeca oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey i?aaei?eyoey aeeth/aao a naay
neaaeothuea aeiee aiaeeca:

· iauay ioeaiea oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey e aai eciaiaiey ca io/aoiue
ia?eiae;

· aiaeec oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe i?aaei?eyoey;

· aiaeec eeeaeaeiinoe aaeaina;

· aiaeec aeaeiaie aeoeaiinoe e ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe i?aaei?eyoey;

· aiaeec ?aioaaaeueiinoe eaieoaea e i?iaeaae.

Oeiainiaia ninoiyiea i?aaei?eyoey oa?aeoa?ecoaony ?aciauaieai e
eniieueciaaieai n?aaenoa (aeoeaia) e enoi/ieeaie eo oi?ie?iaaiey
(nianoaaiiiai eaieoaea e iaycaoaeuenoa, o.a. ianneaia). Yoe naaaeaiey
i?aaenoaaeaiu a aaeaina i?aaei?eyoey.

A 20-o aiaeao iaeei ec nicaeaoaeae aaeainiaaaeaiey – I. A. Aeaoia
?aeiiaiaeiaae enneaaeiaaoue no?oeoo?o e aeeiaieeo oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey
i?aaei?eyoey i?e iiiiue n?aaieoaeueiiai aiaeeoe/aneiai aaeaina.
N?aaieoaeueiue aiaeeoe/aneee aaeain iieo/aaony ec enoiaeiiai aaeaina
iooai aeiiieiaiey aai iieacaoaeyie no?oeoo?u, aeeiaieee e no?oeoo?iie
aeeiaieee aeiaeaiee e enoi/ieeia n?aaenoa i?aaei?eyoey ca io/aoiue
ia?eiae. Iaycaoaeueiuie iieacaoaeyie n?aaieoaeueiiai aiaeeoe/aneiai
aaeaina yaeythony: aaniethoiua aaee/eiu ii noaoueyi enoiaeiiai io/aoiiai
aaeaina ia ia/aei e eiiaoe ia?eiaea, oaeaeueiua aana noaoae aaeaina a
aaethoa aaeaina ia ia/aei e eiiaoe ia?eiaea, eciaiaiey a aaniethoiuo
aaee/eiao, eciaiaiey a oaeaeueiuo aanao, eciaiaiey a % e aaee/eiai ia
ia/aei ia?eiaea (oaii i?e?inoa noaouee aaeaina), eciaiaiey a % e
eciaiaieyi aaethou aaeaina (oaii i?e?inoa no?oeoo?iuo eciaiaiee –
iieacaoaeue aeeiaieee no?oeoo?iuo eciaiaiee), oeaia 1% ?inoa aaethou
aaeaina e eaaeaeie noaouee – ioiioaiea aaee/eiu aaniethoiiai eciaiaiey e
i?ioeaioo aaniethoiiai eciaiaiey ia ia/aei ia?eiaea.

N?aaieoaeueiue aiaeeoe/aneee aaeain caia/aoaeai oai, /oi ii naiaeeo
aiaaeeii e nenoaiaoece?oao oa ?an/aou e i?eeeaeee, eioi?ua iau/ii
inouanoaeyao ethaie aiaeeoee i?e ia?aiia/aeueiii iciaeiieaiee n
aaeainii. Noaiie n?aaieoaeueiiai aaeaina ioaa/aii iiiaeanoai aaaeiuo
iieacaoaeae, oa?aeoa?ecothueo noaoeeo e aeeiaieeo oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey.
N?aaieoaeueiue aaeain oaeoe/anee aeeth/aao iieacaoaee ai?eciioaeueiiai e
aa?oeeaeueiiai aiaeeca. A oiaea ai?eciioaeueiiai aiaeeca ii?aaeaeythony
aaniethoiua e ioiineoaeueiua eciaiaiey aaee/ei ?acee/iuo noaoae aaeaina
ca ii?aaeaeaiiue ia?eiae, a oeaeueth aa?oeeaeueiiai aiaeeca yaeyaony
au/eneaiea oaeaeueiiai aana iaooi. Ana iieacaoaee n?aaieoaeueiiai
aaeaina iiaeii ?acaeoue ia o?e a?oiiu:

iieacaoaee no?oeoo?u aaeaina;

iieacaoaee aeeiaieee aaeaina;

iieacaoaee no?oeoo?iie aeeiaieee aaeaina.

Aeey iniuneaiey iauae ea?oeiu eciaiaiey oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey aanueia
aaaeiu iieacaoaee no?oeoo?iie aeeiaieee aaeaina. Niiinoaaeyy no?oeoo?o
eciaiaiee a aeoeaa e ianneaa, iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae i oii, /a?ac eaeea
enoi/ieee a iniiaiii aue i?eoie iiauo n?aaenoa e a eaeea aeoeau yoe
iiaua n?aaenoaa a iniiaiii aeiaeaiu.

Aeey iauae ioeaiee aeeiaieee oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey i?aaei?eyoey neaaeoao
na?oiie?iaaoue noaouee aaeaina a ioaeaeueiua niaoeeoe/aneea a?oiiu ii
i?eciaeo eeeaeaeiinoe (noaouee aeoeaa) e n?i/iinoe iaycaoaeuenoa
(noaouee ianneaa). Ia iniiaa aa?aae?iaaiiiai aaeaina inouanoaeyaony
aiaeec no?oeoo?u eiouanoaa i?aaei?eyoey.

I?eciaeaie “oi?ioaai” aaeaina n oi/ee c?aiey iiauoaiey (?inoa)
yooaeoeaiinoe iiaeii iacaaoue oaeaea neaaeothuea iieacaoaee.

eiyooeoeeaio oaeouae eeeaeaeiinoe
picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02800140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffe6ffffff00010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000200010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0000
040000002d01000008000000320a4001340001000000b3000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d006e040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000000000 2,4;

iaania/aiiinoue i?aaei?eyoey nianoaaiiuie iai?ioiui eaieoaeii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 0,1;

?ino nianoaaiiiai eaieoaea;

ionoonoaea ?aceeo eciaiaiee a ioaeaeueiuo noaoueyo aaeaina;

aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue iaoiaeeoueny a niioaaonoaee (?aaiiaanee) n
?acia?aie e?aaeeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe;

a aaeaina ionoonoaotho “aieueiua” noaouee (oauoee; i?in?i/aiiay
caaeieaeaiiinoue aaieai e athaeaeaoo);

o i?aaei?eyoey caianu ia i?aauoatho ieieiaeueioth aaee/eio enoi/ieeia eo
oi?ie?iaaiey (nianoaaiiuo iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa, aeieain?i/iuo e?aaeeoia e
caeiia, e?aoein?i/iuo e?aaeeoia e caeiia).

Aiaeec no?oeoo?u aaeaina ca aiaeece?oaiue ia?eiae (oaaeeoea 5)
iieacuaaao, /oi aeey aaee/eiu e no?oeoo?u ?ano?niie aacu (niaieoiiuo
aeoeaia) aaeaeiiiaiee a 1998 aiaeo auee oa?aeoa?iu neaaeothuea
eciaiaiey.

Iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiui a oi?ie?iaaiee no?oeoo?u aaeaina aaeaeiiiaiee
yaeyaony:

· ?ino “aeaoeoeeoa” nianoaaiiiai eaieoaea e oaaee/aiea oaiiia ?inoa aai
iaycaoaeuenoa;

· ?ino aeaaeoi?neie e e?aaeeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe;

· iaee/ea “aeaoeoeeoa” nianoaaiiuo iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa;

· iaee/ea “aeaoeoeeoa” /enouo aeoeaia aaeaeiiiaiee.

?acoeueoaou aiaeeca eeeaeaeiinoe i?aaei?eyoey i?aaenoaaeytho eioa?an,
i?aaeaea anaai aeey eiiia?/aneeo e?aaeeoi?ia. Oae eae, eiiia?/aneea
e?aaeeou e?aoein?i/iu, oi eiaiii aiaeec eeeaeaeiinoe eo/oa anaai
iicaieyao ioeaieoue niiniaiinoue i?aaei?eyoey iieaoeoue yoe
iaycaoaeuenoaa.

Eeeaeaeiinoue icia/aao niiniaiinoue oeaiiinoae eaaei i?aa?auaoueny a
aeaiueae, o.a. a aaniethoiua eeeaeaeiua n?aaenoaa. Eeeaeaeiinoue iiaeii
?anniao?eaaoue eae a?aiy, iaiaoiaeeiia aeey i?iaeaaee aeoeaa, e eae
noiio, au?o/aiioth io i?iaeaaee aeoeaa. Yoe iieacaoaee oanii naycaiu:
ca/anooth iiaeii i?iaeaoue aeoea ca ei?ioeia a?aiy, ii ni cia/eoaeueiie
neeaeeie a oeaia.

Ana aeoeau i?aaei?eyoey a caaeneiinoe io noaiaie eeeaeaeiinoe, o.a. io
nei?inoe i?aa?auaiey a aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa, iiaeii oneiaii
iiae?acaeaeeoue ia neaaeothuea a?oiiu.

1. Iaeaieaa eeeaeaeiua aeoeau (A1) – noiiu ii anai noaoueyi aeaiaaeiuo
n?aaenoa, eioi?ua iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu aeey auiieiaiey oaeoueo
?an/aoia iaiaaeeaiii. E yoie a?oiia ioiinyony oaeaea oa e?aoein?i/iua
oeiainiaua aeiaeaiey (oeaiiua aoiaae), eioi?ua iiaeii i?e?aaiyoue e
aeaiueaai.

2. Auno?i?aaeecoaiua aeoeau (A2) – aeoeau, aeey ia?auaiey eioi?uo a
iaee/iua n?aaenoaa o?aaoaony ii?aaeaeaiiia a?aiy. A yoo a?oiio iiaeii
aeeth/eoue aeaaeoi?neoth caaeieaeaiiinoue (ieaoaaee ii eioi?ie
iaeeaeathony a oa/aiee 12 ianyoeaa iinea io/aoiie aeaou), i?i/ea
iai?ioiua aeoeau.

Eeeaeaeiinoue yoeo aeoeaia ?acee/ia e caaeneo io noauaeoeaiuo e
iauaeoeaiuo oaeoi?ia: eaaeeoeeaoeee oeiainiauo ?aaioieeia i?aaei?eyoey,
acaeiiioiioaiee n ieaoaeueueeaie e eo ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe, oneiaee
i?aaeinoaaeaiey e?aaeeoia iieoiaoaeyi, i?aaiecaoeee aaenaeueiiai
ia?auaiey.

3. Iaaeeaiii ?aaeecoaiua aeoeau (A3) – noaouee ?acaeaea II aeoeaa
aaeaina, aeeth/athuea caianu e i?i/ea iai?ioiua aeoeau.

Oiaa?iua caianu ia iiaoo auoue i?iaeaiu aei oao ii?, iiea ia iaeaeai
iieoiaoaeue. Caianu nu?uey, iaoa?eaeia e iacaaa?oaiiie i?iaeoeoeee
eiiaaea o?aaotho i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie ia?aaioee, i?aaeaea /ai eo iiaeii
aoaeao i?iaeaoue.

Neaaeoao ia?aoeoue aieiaiea, /oi noaouey “?anoiaeu aoaeoueo ia?eiaeia”
ia aeeth/athony a yoo a?oiio.

4. O?oaeii?aaeecoaiua aeoeau (A4) – aeoeau, eioi?ua i?aaeiacia/aiu aeey
eniieueciaaiey a oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe a oa/aiee ioiineoaeueii
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiiai ia?eiaea. A yoo a?oiio iiaeii aeeth/eoue noaouee I
?acaeaea aeoeaa aaeaina “Aiaiai?ioiua aeoeau”, a oaeaea aeaaeoi?neoth
caaeieaeaiiinoue, ieaoaaee ii eioi?ie iaeeaeathony aieaa /ai /a?ac 12
ianyoeaa iinea io/aoiie aeaou. Niaeanii Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiio noaiaea?oo
oeiainiaie io/aoiinoe ?5 aeieain?i/iay aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue
aeeth/aaony a ninoaa i?i/eo aeieain?i/iuo aeoeaia.

Ia?aua o?e a?oiiu aeoeaia (iaeaieaa eeeaeaeiua aeoeau,
auno?i?aaeecoaiua e iaaeeaiii ?aaeecoaiua aeoeau) a oa/aiee oaeouaai
oicyenoaaiiiai ia?eiaea iiaoo iinoiyiii iaiyoueny e ioiinyony e oaeouei
aeoeaai i?aaei?eyoey. Oaeouea aeoeau aieaa eeeaeaeiua, /ai inoaeueiia
eiouanoai i?aaei?eyoey.

Ianneau aaeaina ii noaiaie aic?anoaiey n?ieia iiaaoaiey iaycaoaeuenoa
a?oiie?othony neaaeothuei ia?acii.

1. Iaeaieaa n?i/iua iaycaoaeuenoaa (I1) – e?aaeeoi?neay
caaeieaeaiiinoue, ?an/aou ii aeeaeaeaiaeai, i?i/ea e?aoein?i/iua
iaycaoaeuenoaa, a oaeaea nnoaeu, ia iiaaoaiiua a n?ie (ii aeaiiui
i?eeiaeaiee e aooaaeoa?neiio aaeaino).

2. E?aoein?i/iua ianneau (I2) – e?aoein?i/iua caaiiua e?aaeeou aaieia e
i?i/ea caeiu, iiaeeaaeauea iiaaoaieth a oa/aiee 12 ianyoeaa iinea
io/aoiie aeaou.

3. Aeieain?i/iua ianneau (I3) – aeieain?i/iua caaiiua e?aaeeou e i?i/ea
aeieain?i/iua ianneau (noaouee V ?acaeaea aaeaina “Aeieain?i/iua
ianneau”).

4. Iinoiyiiua ianneau (I4) (noaouee IV ?acaeaea aaeaina “Eaieoae e
?aca?au” e ioaeaeueiua noaouee VI ?acaeaea aaeaina, ia aioaaeoea a
i?aaeuaeouea a?oiiu. “Aeioiaeu aoaeoueo ia?eiaeia”, “Oiiaeu iio?aaeaiey”
e “?aca?au i?aaenoiyueo ?anoiaeia e ieaoaaeae”).

*oiau iaania/eoue aaeain aeoeaa e ianneaa, iinoiyiiua ianneau neaaeoao
oiaiueoeoue ia noiio ii noaoueyi “?anoiaeu aoaeoueo ia?eiaeia”,
“Oauoee”.

E?aoein?i/iua iaycaoaeuenoaa – yoi oaeouea iaycaoaeuenoaa, a
e?aoein?i/iua e aeieain?i/iua iaycaoaeuenoaa aianoa acyoua ia?acotho
aiaoiea iaycaoaeuenoaa.

I?aaei?eyoea n/eoaaony eeeaeaeiui, anee aai oaeouea aeoeau i?aauoatho
aai e?aoein?i/iua iaycaoaeuenoaa. I?aaei?eyoea iiaeao auoue eeeaeaeiui a
aieueoae eee iaiueoae noaiaie. I?aaei?eyoea, iai?ioiue eaieoae eioi?iai
ninoieo i?aeiouanoaaiii ec aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa e e?aoein?i/iie
aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe, iau/ii n/eoaaony aieaa eeeaeaeiui, /ai
i?aaei?eyoea, iai?ioiue eaieoae eioi?iai ninoieo i?aeiouanoaaiii ec
caiania.

Iieacaoaee eeeaeaeiinoe i?eiaiythony aeey ioeaiee niiniaiinoe
i?aaei?eyoey auiieiyoue naie e?aoein?i/iua iaycaoaeuenoaa. Iie aeatho
i?aaenoaaeaiea ia oieueei i ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe i?aaei?eyoey ia aeaiiue
iiiaio, ii e a neo/aa /?acau/aeiuo i?ienoanoaee.

Iauoth ioeaieo ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe aeaao eiyooeoeeaio oaeouae
eeeaeaeiinoe, eioi?ue a yeiiiie/aneie eeoa?aoo?a iacuaatho oaeaea
eiyooeoeeaioii iie?uoey, eiyooeoeeaioii iauaai iie?uoey.

Eiyooeoeeaio oaeouae eeeaeaeiinoe ?aaai ioiioaieth oaeoueo aeoeaia e
e?aoein?i/iui iaycaoaeuenoaai e ii?aaeaeyaony neaaeothuei ia?acii.

picscalex1000100090000034a0100000300150000000000050000000902000000000400
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0000c0ffffffb8ffffffc00c0000980300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000c00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
0002a8040500000013020002a40c15000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e001d00040000002d01010008000000320a8c03
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0000330008000000320a6e01b80801000000320008000000320a6e01a005010000003100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;

aaea Eoe – eiyooeoeeaio oaeouae eeeaeaeiinoe;

A1 – iaeaieaa eeeaeaeiua aeoeau;

A2 – auno?i?aaeecoaiua aeoeau;

A3 – iaaeeaiii ?aaeecoaiua aeoeau;

I1 – iaeaieaa n?i/iua iaycaoaeuenoaa;

I2 – e?aoein?i/iua ianneau.

Eiyooeoeeaio oaeouae eeeaeaeiinoe oa?aeoa?ecoao iauoth eeeaeaeiinoue e
iieacuaaao, a eaeie ia?a oaeouea e?aaeeoi?neea iaycaoaeuenoaa
iaania/eaathony oaeoueie aeoeaaie, o.a. neieueei aeaiaaeiuo aaeeieoe
oaeoueo aeoeaia i?eoiaeeony ia 1 aeaiaaeioth aaeeieoeo oaeoueo
iaycaoaeuenoa. Anee ioiioaiea iaiueoa /ai 1:1, oi oaeouea iaycaoaeuenoaa
i?aauoatho oaeouea aeoeau.

?aeiiaiaeoaiua i?eeacii Ieienoa?noaa yeiiiieee ?118 io 1 ieoya?y 1997
aiaea cia/aiey yoiai iieacaoaey io 1 aei 2, cia/aiea aieaa 2
iaaeaeaoaeueii.

Anee eiyooeoeeaio oaeouae eeeaeaeiinoe aunieee, oi yoi iiaeao auoue
naycaii n caiaaeeaieai iai?a/eaaaiinoe n?aaenoa, aeiaeaiiuo a caianu, n
iaii?aaaeaiiui ?inoii aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe.

Iinoiyiiia nieaeaiea eiyooeoeeaioa icia/aao aic?anoathuee ?ene
iaieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe. Oeaeaniia?acii yoio iieacaoaeue n?aaieaaoue ni
n?aaeieie cia/aieyie ii a?oiia aiaeiae/iuo i?aaei?eyoee.

Iaeiaei yoio iieacaoaeue i/aiue oe?oiiaiiue, oae eae a iai ia
o/eouaaaony noaiaiue eeeaeaeiinoe ioaeaeueiuo yeaiaioia iai?ioiiai
eaieoaea.

Aiaeec eciaiaiey eiyooeoeeaioa oaeouae eeeaeaeiinoe oeacuaaao ia
e?eceniue oa?aeoa? ninoiyiey eeeaeaeiinoe, oa?aeoa?ecothueeny
iaaeinoaoeii iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa o Eiiiaiee aeey iie?uoey e?aoein?i/iuo
iaycaoaeuenoa. Ieieiaeueiia cia/aiea yoiai eiyooeoeeaioa, eiaaea
Eiiiaiey au? yaeyaony ieaoaaeaniiniaiie a e?aoein?i/iii ia?eiaea, ?aaii
1 (a yoii neo/aa e?aoein?i/iua iaycaoaeuenoaa ?aaiu iai?ioiiio eaieoaeo
Eiiiaiee). Iieacaoaeue eeeaeaeiinoe iinoiyiii iaoiaeeony ieaea
ieieiaeueii i?eaieaiiai o?iaiy. Yoi icia/aao, /oi Eiiiaiey a
e?aoein?i/iii aniaeoa yaeyaony iaieaoaaeaniiniaiie.

A i?aeoe/aneii ieaia yoi icia/aao, /oi, ai-ia?auo, iai?ioiue eaieoae
Eiiiaiee iieiinoueth noi?ie?iaai ca n/ao e?aoein?i/iuo caaiiuo n?aaenoa
e, ai-aoi?uo, /oi nianoaaiiue eaieoae oaeaea oeiaine?oaony ca n/ao
e?aoein?i/iuo i?eaea/aiey n?aaenoa, i?e/ai Eiiiaiey auioaeaeaia
iinoiyiii ?aoeiaine?iaaoue yoe iaycaoaeuenoaa (oi anoue iie?uaaoue eo
eneeth/eoaeueii ca n/ao acyouo iiauo caeiia). Neaaeiaaoaeueii, ii
aeaiiiio e?eoa?eth no?oeoo?o aaeaina Eiiiaiee iiaeii i?eciaoue
iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie.

Eiyooeoeeaio aaniethoiie eeeaeaeiinoe ii?aaeaeyaony ioiioaieai iaeaieaa
eeeaeaeiuo aeoeaia e oaeouei iaycaoaeuenoaai e ?ann/eouaaaony ii oi?ioea

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00000b0200000000050000000c02e003e00c1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
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0000c00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
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bb0b01000000320008000000320a90035b0801000000310008000000320a6a01f6090100
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010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e009500040000002d0102000400
0000f001010008000000320a90037d0a01000000cf0008000000320a9003470701000000
cf0008000000320a6a01370901000000c00009000000320a60023f0303000000ebe8ea00
08000000320a60024d0102000000e0e110000000fb0280fe000000000000900100000002
0002001053796d626f6c0000040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a9003
4509010000002b0008000000320a6002d505010000003d0008000000320a600234000100
00004b000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb02100007000000
0000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01020004000000f0010100
03000000000000000000 ;

aaea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- eiyooeoeeaio aaniethoiie eeeaeaeiinoe;

A1 – iaeaieaa eeeaeaeiua aeoeau;

I1 – iaeaieaa n?i/iua iaycaoaeuenoaa;

I2 – e?aoein?i/iua ianneau.

Yoio eiyooeoeeaio yaeyaony iaeaieaa aeanoeei e?eoa?eai
ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe e iieacuaaao, eaeoth /anoue e?aoein?i/iie
caaeieaeaiiinoe i?aaei?eyoea iiaeao iiaaneoue a aeeaeaeoaa a?aiy.
Aaee/eia aai aeieaeia auoue ia ieaea 0,2.

Eiyooeoeeaio aaniethoiie eeeaeaeiinoe ia 01 yiaa?y 1999 aiaea ninoaaee
0,05, /oi ieaea ?aeiiaiaeoaiiai o?iaiy (0,2…0,3). Yoi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao
i aeaoeoeeoa iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa naiie eeeaeaeiie /anoe aeoeaia
(aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa) Eiiiaiee.

Eiyooeoeeaio n?i/iie eeeaeaeiinoe yaeyaony i?iiaaeooi/iui
eiyooeoeeaioii iie?uoey e iieacuaaao, eaeoth /anoue iiaeii iiaaneoue
oaeoueie aeoeaaie ca ieionii caiania. Eiyooeoeeaio n?i/iie eeeaeaeiinoe
?ann/eouaaaony ii oi?ioea
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 ;

aaea Ea – eiyooeoeeaio n?i/iie eeeaeaeiinoe;

A1 – iaeaieaa eeeaeaeiua aeoeau;

A2 – auno?i?aaeecoaiua aeoeau;

I1 – iaeaieaa n?i/iua iaycaoaeuenoaa;

I2 – e?aoein?i/iua ianneau.

Ii iiiiaaao ioeaieoue aiciiaeiinoue iiaaoaiey i?aaei?eyoeai
e?aoein?i/iuo iaycaoaeuenoa a neo/aa aai e?eoe/aneiai iieiaeaiey, eiaaea
ia aoaeao aiciiaeiinoue i?iaeaoue caianu.

Cia/aiea yoiai iieacaoaey ?aeiiaiaeoaony a i?aaeaeao io 0,8 aei 1,0; ii
iiaeao auoue /?acau/aeii aunieei ec-ca iaii?aaaeaiiiai ?inoa
aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe.

Eiyooeoeeaio n?i/iie eeeaeaeiinoe iieacuaaao i?iaiice?oaiua ieaoaaeiua
aiciiaeiinoe Eiiiaiee i?e oneiaee naiaa?aiaiiiai i?iaaaeaiey ?an/aoia n
aeaaeoi?aie. Ii eoiaai 1998 aiaea cia/aiea aeaiiiai iieacaoaey
oiaiueoeeinue e ia 01 yiaa?y 1999 aiaea ninoaaeei 0,44 (?aeiiaiaeoaiue
o?iaaiue 1 e auoa). Oiaiueoaiea eiyooeoeeaioa n?i/iie eeeaeaeiinoe a
1998 aiaeo iieacuaaao nieaeaiea aiciiaeiinoe iiaaoaiey naieo
iaycaoaeuenoa a aeeaeaeoai aoaeouai ca n/ao iiauo iinooieaiee.

?acee/iua iieacaoaee eeeaeaeiinoe i?aaenoaaeytho eioa?an ia oieueei
aeey ?oeiaiaeeoaeae e oeiainiauo ?aaioieeia i?aaei?eyoey, ii e aeey
?acee/iuo iio?aaeoaeae aiaeeoe/aneie eioi?iaoeee: eiyooeoeeaio
aaniethoiie eeeaeaeiinoe – aeey iinoaaueeia nu?uey e iaoa?eaeia,
eiyooeoeeaio n?i/iie eeeaeaeiinoe – aeey aaieia, eiyooeoeeaio oaeouae
eeeaeaeiinoe – aeey iieoiaoaeae e aea?aeaoaeae aeoeee e iaeeaaoeee
i?aaei?eyoey.

Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi ia 01 yiaa?y 1999 aiaea eeeaeaeiinoue Eiiiaiee
yaeyaony e?aeia iaaeinoaoi/iie e ?aeiiaiaeoaony i?eaanoe a? a
niioaaonoaee n iioeiaeueiuie cia/aieyie niioaaonoaothueo iieacaoaeae
iooai oaaee/aiey oao eee eiuo noaoae iai?ioiuo aeoeaia, eeai oiaiueoay
noaouee e?aoein?i/iuo iaycaoaeuenoa. Aeaiiay ?aaioa o?aaoao i?iaaaeaiey
oaeoi?iiai aiaeeca aeeiaieee eciaiaiey eeeaeaeiinoe Eiiiaiee.

Ninoiyiea eeeaeaeiinoe Eiiiaiee naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i
iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie no?oeoo?a aaeaina, a oaeaea i aunieii oeiainiaii
?enea i?e eioi?ii Eiiiaiey ia a ninoiyiee naiaa?aiaiii iiea/eaaoue naie
n/aoa.

Iinea ii?aaeaeaiey iauae oa?aeoa?enoeee oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey e aai
eciaiaiey ca io/aoiue ia?eiae neaaeothuae aaaeiie caaea/ae aiaeeca
oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey yaeyaony enneaaeiaaiea iieacaoaeae oeiainiaie
onoie/eainoe i?aaei?eyoey.

Oeiainiaay onoie/eainoue – oa?aeoa?enoeea, naeaeaoaeuenoaothuay i
noaaeeueiii i?aauoaiee aeioiaeia iaae ?anoiaeaie, naiaiaeiii
iaiaa?e?iaaiee aeaiaaeiuie n?aaenoaaie i?aaei?eyoey e yooaeoeaiii eo
eniieueciaaiee a aania?aaieiii i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa e ?aaeecaoeee
i?iaeoeoeee. Oeiainiaay onoie/eainoue oi?ie?oaony a i?ioeanna anae
i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe e yaeyaony aeaaiui
eiiiiiaioii iauae onoie/eainoe i?aaei?eyoey.

Aiaeec onoie/eainoe oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey ia oo eee eioth aeaoo
iicaieyao auynieoue, ianeieueei i?aaeeueii i?aaei?eyoea oi?aaeyei
oeiainiauie ?ano?naie a oa/aiee ia?eiaea, i?aaeoanoaothuaai yoie aeaoa.
Aaaeii, /oiau ninoiyiea oeiainiauo ?ano?nia niioaaonoaiaaei o?aaiaaieyi
?uiea e ioaa/aei iio?aaiinoyi ?acaeoey i?aaei?eyoey, iineieueeo
iaaeinoaoi/iay oeiainiaay onoie/eainoue iiaeao i?eaanoe e
iaieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe i?aaei?eyoey e ionoonoaeth o iaai n?aaenoa aeey
?acaeoey i?iecaiaenoaa, a ecauoi/iay – i?aiyonoaiaaoue ?acaeoeth,
ioyaiuay cao?aou i?aaei?eyoey eceeoieie caianaie e ?aca?aaie. Oaeei
ia?acii, nouiinoue oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe ii?aaeaeyaony yooaeoeaiui
oi?ie?iaaieai, ?ani?aaeaeaieai e eniieueciaaieai oeiainiauo ?ano?nia.

Aiaoiei a? i?iyaeaieai aunooiaao ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoue.

Ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoue – yoi niiniaiinoue naiaa?aiaiii iieiinoueth
auiieiyoue naie ieaoaaeiua iaycaoaeuenoaa, auoaeathuea ec oi?aiauo,
e?aaeeoiuo e eiuo iia?aoeee ieaoaaeiiai oa?aeoa?a.

Ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoue iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony aeaiiuie:

· iaee/ea aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa ia ?an/aoiuo n/aoao, aaethoiuo n/aoao,
e?aoein?i/iua oeiainiaua aeiaeaiey. Yoe aeoeau aeieaeiu eiaoue
iioeiaeueioth aaee/eio. *ai cia/eoaeueiaa ?acia? aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa ia
n/aoao, oai n aieueoae aa?iyoiinoueth iiaeii ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi
i?aaei?eyoea ?aniieaaaao aeinoaoi/iuie n?aaenoaaie aeey oaeoueo ?an/aoia
e ieaoaaeae. Iaeiaei, iaee/ea iacia/eoaeueiuo inoaoeia n?aaenoa ia
aeaiaaeiuo n/aoao ia anaaaea icia/aao, /oi i?aaei?eyoea
iaieaoaaeaniiniaii: n?aaenoaa iiaoo iinooieoue ia ?an/aoiua aaethoiua
n/aoa, a eanno a oa/aiee aeeaeaeoeo aeiae, e?aoein?i/iua oeiainiaua
aeiaeaiey eaaei i?aa?aoeoue a aeaiaaeioth iaee/iinoue. Iinoiyiiia
e?eceniia ionoonoaea iaee/iinoe i?eaiaeeo e oiio, /oi i?aaei?eyoea
i?aa?auaaony a “oaoie/anee iaieaoaaeaniiniaiia”, a yoi oaea iiaeao
?anniao?eaaoueny eae ia?aay nooiaiue ia iooe e aaie?ionoao.

· ia ionoonoaee i?in?i/aiiie caaeieaeaiiinoe e caaea?aeeie ieaoaaeae;

· ianaiaa?aiaiiii iiaaoaiee e?aaeeoia, a oaeaea aeeeoaeueiii iai?a?uaiii
iieueciaaiee e?aaeeoaie.

Ieceay ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoue auaaao eae neo/aeiie, a?aiaiiie, oae e
aeeeoaeueiie, o?iie/aneie. I?e/eiaie yoiai iiaoo auoue:

· iaaeinoaoi/iay iaania/aiiinoue oeiainiauie ?ano?naie;

· iaauiieiaiea ieaia ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee;

· ia?aoeeiiaeueiay no?oeoo?a iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa;

· ianaiaa?aiaiiia iinooieaiea ieaoaaeae io eiio?aeoia;

· eceeoee oiaa?ia ia ioaaonoaaiiii o?aiaiee.

Aunoae oi?iie onoie/eainoe i?aaei?eyoey yaeyaony aai niiniaiinoue
?acaeaaoueny. Aeey yoiai i?aaei?eyoea aeieaeii iaeaaeaoue aeaeie
no?oeoo?ie oeiainiauo ?ano?nia e aiciiaeiinoueth i?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe
i?eaeaeaoue caaiiua n?aaenoaa, o.a. auoue e?aaeeoiniiniaiui.

E?aaeeoiniiniaiui yaeyaony i?aaei?eyoea i?e iaee/ee o iaai i?aaeiinueie
aeey iieo/aiey e?aaeeoa e niiniaiinoe naiaa?aiaiii aica?aoeoue acyooth
nnoaeo n oieaoie i?e/eoathueony i?ioeaioia ca n/ao nianoaaiiuo ?ano?nia.

Ca n/ao i?eauee i?aaei?eyoea ia oieueei iiaaoaao naie iaycaoaeuenoaa
ia?aae aaieaie, athaeaeaoii, no?aoiauie eiiiaieyie e ae?oaeie
i?aaei?eyoeyie, ii e eiaanoe?oao n?aaenoaa a eaieoaeueiua cao?aou. Aeey
iiaeaea?aeaiey oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe aaaeai ia oieueei ?ino
aaniethoiie aaee/eiu i?eauee, ii e aa o?iaiy ioiineoaeueii aeiaeaiiiai
eaieoaea eee cao?ao i?aaei?eyoey, o.a. ?aioaaaeueiinoe. Neaaeoao
iiiieoue, /oi aunieay i?eaueueiinoue naycaia n aieaa aunieei ?eneii, a
yoi icia/aao, /oi aianoi aeioiaea i?aaei?eyoea iiaeao iiianoe
cia/eoaeueiua oauoee e aeaaea noaoue iaieaoaaeaniiniaiui.

Oaeei ia?acii, oeiainiaay onoie/eainoue i?aaei?eyoey – yoi oaeia
ninoiyiea aai oeiainiauo ?ano?nia, eo ?ani?aaeaeaiea e eniieueciaaiea,
eioi?ia iaania/eaaao ?acaeoea i?aaei?eyoey ia iniiaa ?inoa i?eauee e
eaieoaea i?e nio?aiaiee ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe e e?aaeeoiniiniaiinoe a
oneiaeyo aeiionoeiiai o?iaiy ?enea.

I?e aiaeeca oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe i?eiaiythony ?acee/iua
ioiineoaeueiua iieacaoaee, a a /anoiinoe:

1. Eiyooeoeeaio iaania/aiiinoe nianoaaiiuie n?aaenoaaie
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 ;

aaea Einn – eiyooeoeeaio iaania/aiiinoe nianoaaiiuie n?aaenoaaie;
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- nianoaaiiua enoi/ieee(IV ?acaeae ianneaa aaeaina);
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- aiaiai?ioiua aeoeau (I ?acaeae aeoeaa aaeaina);
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 – iai?ioiua aeoeau (II ?acaeae aaeaina).

oa?aeoa?ecoao noaiaiue iaania/aiiinoe i?aaei?eyoey nianoaaiiuie
iai?ioiuie n?aaenoaaie, iaiaoiaeeioth aeey oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe.

2. Eiyooeoeeaio iaiaa?aiiinoe nianoaaiiiai eaieoaea
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;

aaea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 – eiyooeoeeaio iaiaa?aiiinoe nianoaaiiiai eaieoaea;
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– nianoaaiiua enoi/ieee;
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 – aiaiai?ioiua aeoeau.

Iieacuaaao, ianeieueei iiaeeueiu nianoaaiiua enoi/ieee n?aaenoa n
oeiainiaie oi/ee c?aiey: /ai aieueoa Ei, oai eo/oa oeiainiaia ninoiyiea,
iioeiaeueiia cia/aiea Ei=0,5.

3. Eiyooeoeeaio niioiioaiey caaiiuo e nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa
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;

aaea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– eiyooeoeeaio niioiioaiey caaiiuo e nianoaaiiuo

n?aaenoa;
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- aeieain?i/iua ianneau;

picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02c001c0021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffc6ffffff80020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65
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000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000
00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000
0000- nianoaaiiua enoi/ieee.

Aai ?ino a aeeiaieea naeaeaoaeuenoaoao ia oneeaiee caaeneiinoe
i?aaei?eyoey io i?eaea/aiiiai eaieoaea (<1).Oeiainiaay onoie/eainoue oa?aeoa?ecoaony iieacaoaeyie:· niioiioaieai ca?iiuo e nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa;· ioiioaieai nianoaaiiuo iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa e e iauae aaee/eia iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa (eiyooeoeeaio iaania/aiiinoe nianoaaiiuie n?aaenoaaie);· niioiioaieai nianoaaiiuo iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa e iauae aaee/eia nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa.Ana yoe iieacaoaee niaea?aeao aaee/eiu nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa. I?e iaee/ee o Eiiiaiee a aiaeece?oaiii ia?eiaea io?eoeaoaeueiiai eaieoaea, /oi naycaii n oauoi/iie aeayoaeueiinoueth, aiai?eoue i iaee/ea oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe Eiiiaiee iaeuecy. Eiiiaiey oa?aeoa?ecoaony eae oeiainiai iaonoie/eai.A niioaaonoaee n Iaoiaee/aneeie iieiaeaieyie, ooaa?aeaeaiiuie ?anii?yaeaieai Oaaea?aeueiiai Oi?aaeaiey ii aeaeai i ianinoiyoaeueiinoe (aaie?ionoaa) ?31-? io 12 aaaonoa 1994 aiaea, iiith aue i?iaaaeai aiaeec iieacaoaeae aeey ii?aaeaeaiey iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie no?oeoo?u aaeaina Eiiiaiee.Iniiaaieai aeey i?eiyoey ?aoaiey i ianinoiyoaeueiinoe (aaie?ionoaa) Eiiiaiee yaeyaony nenoaia iieacaoaeae aeey ii?aaeaeaiey iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie no?oeoo?u aaeaina. Iniiaaieai aeey i?eciaiey no?oeoo?u aaeaina i?aaei?eyoey iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie, a i?aaei?eyoey – iaieaoaaeaniiniaiui, yaeyaony auiieiaiea iaeiiai ec neaaeothueo oneiaee:· eiyooeoeeaio oaeouae eeeaeaeiinoe ia eiiaoe aiaeece?oaiiai ia?eiaea eiaao cia/aiea iaiaa 2;· eiyooeoeeaio iaania/aiiinoe nianoaaiiuie n?aaenoaaie ia eiiaoe aiaeece?oaiiai ia?eiaea eiaao cia/aiea iaiaa 0,1.Aiaeec iieacaoaeae naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie no?oeoo?u aaeaina (iaa e?eoa?eaeueiua iieacaoaee eiatho o?iaaiue ieaea ii?iaoeaia).Eiyooeoeeaio ainnoaiiaeaiey ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe oaeaea ieaea ii?iaoeaiiai, /oi iiaeoaa?aeaeaao auaiae i iaaiciiaeiinoe Eiiiaiee ?aniea/eaaoueny ii naiei iaycaoaeuenoaai.Oa?iei “iai?ioiue eaieoae” (aai neiiiei a ioa/anoaaiiii o/aoa – iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa) ioiineony e oaeouei aeoeaai i?aaei?eyoey. Iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa iaania/eaatho iai?a?uaiinoue i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai i?ioeanna.A i?aeoeea aiaeeca iai?ioiue eaieoae iiae?acaeaeyaony ii neaaeothuei i?eciaeai:· ii ooieoeeiiaeueiie ?iee a i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa: iai?ioiua oiiaeu e oiiaeu ia?auaiey. E iai?ioiui oiiaeai ioiinyony i?iecaiaenoaaiiua caianu (nu?uea, iaoa?eaeu, oiieeai), iacaaa?oaiiia i?iecaiaenoai, iieooaa?eeaou nianoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, ?anoiaeu aoaeoueo ia?eiaeia. Oiiaeu ia?auaiey – yoi aioiaay i?iaeoeoeey e oiaa?u aeey ia?ai?iaeaaee, oiaa?u ioa?oaeaiiua, aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa, ?an/aou n ae?oaeie i?aaei?eyoeyie e i?aaiecaoeeyie. Oaeia aeaeaiea iaiaoiaeeii aeey ?acaeaeueiiai aiaeeca a?aiaie i?aauaaiey iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa a i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa e ia?auaiey;· ii i?aeoeea eiio?iey, ieaie?iaaiey e oi?aaeaiey: ii?ie?oaiua iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa e iaii?ie?oaiua iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa. Ia i?aaei?eyoee iiaoo auoue ii?iu ia i?iecaiaenoaaiiua caianu, iieooaa?eeaou nianoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, aioiaoth i?iaeoeoeeth, oiaa?u aeey ia?ai?iaeaaee;· ii enoi/ieeai oi?ie?iaaiey iai?ioiiai eaieoaea: nianoaaiiue iai?ioiue eaieoae e caaiiue iai?ioiue eaieoae. Aaee/eia nianoaaiiiai iai?ioiiai eaieoaea ii?aaeaeyaony eae ?aciinoue iaaeaeo eoiaii IV ?acaeaea “Eaieoae e ?aca?au”, I ?acaeaea “Aiaiai?ioiua aeoeau” e III ?acaeaea “Oauoee”. Caaiiua iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa oi?ie?othony a oi?ia aaieianeeo e?aaeeoia, a oaeaea e?aaeeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe. Iie i?aaeinoaaeythony i?aaei?eyoeth ai a?aiaiiia iieueciaaiea;· ii eeeaeaeiinoe (nei?inoe i?aa?auaiey a aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa): aaniethoii eeeaeaeiua n?aaenoaa, auno?i ?aaeecoaiua iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa, iaaeeaiii ?aaeecoaiua iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa;· ii noaiaie ?enea aeiaeaiey eaieoae:- iai?ioiue eaieoae n ieieiaeueiui ?eneii aeiaeaiey: aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa, e?aoein?i/iua oeiainiaua aeiaeaiey;- iai?ioiue eaieoae n iaeui ?eneii aeiaeaiee: aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue (ca au/aoii niiieoaeueiie), i?iecaiaenoaaiiua caianu (ca au/aoii caeaaeaeuo), inoaoee aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee e oiaa?ia (ca au/aoii ia iieuecothueony ni?inii);- iai?ioiue eaieoae ni n?aaeiei ?eneii aeiaeaiee: iaeioeaiiua e auno?ieciaoeaathueany i?aaeiaou, iacaaa?oaiiia i?iecaiaenoai, ?anoiaeu aoaeoueo ia?eiaeia;- iai?ioiue eaieoae n aunieei ?eneii aeiaeaiee: niiieoaeueiay aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue, caeaaeaeua i?iecaiaenoaaiiua caianu, aioiaay i?iaeoeoeey e oiaa?u, ia iieuecothueany ni?inii;- ii iaoa?eaeueii-aauanoaaiiiio niaea?aeaieth: i?aaeiaou o?oaea (nu?uea, iaoa?eaeu, oiieeai e ae?.), aioiaay i?iaeoeoeey e oiaa?u, aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa e n?aaenoaa a ?an/aoao.Oeiainiaia iieiaeaiea i?aaei?eyoey iaoiaeeony a iaiin?aaenoaaiiie caaeneiinoe io oiai, ianeieueei auno?i n?aaenoaa, aeiaeaiiua a aeoeau, i?aa?auathony a ?aaeueiua aeaiueae.Onei?aiea iai?a/eaaaiinoe iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa oiaiueoaao iio?aaiinoue a ieo: iaiueoa o?aaoaony caiania nu?uey, iaoa?eaeia, oiieeaa, caaeaeia iacaaa?oaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, e neaaeiaaoaeueii, aaaeao e nieaeaieth o?iaiy cao?ao ia eo o?aiaiea, /oi niinianoaoao a eiia/iii n/aoa iiauoaieth ?aioaaaeueiinoe e oeo/oaieth oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey i?aaei?eyoey.Caiaaeeaiea a?aiaie iai?ioa i?eaiaeyo e oaaee/aieth iaiaoiaeeiiai eiee/anoaa iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa e aeiiieieoaeueiui cao?aoai, a cia/eo, e oooaeoaieth oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey i?aaei?eyoey.Nei?inoue iai?ioa n?aaenoa – yoi eiiieaeniue iieacaoaeue i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoie/aneiai o?iaiy i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe. Iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa iaania/eaatho iai?a?uaiinoue i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa.Ia aeeeoaeueiinoue iaoiaeaeaiey n?aaenoa a iai?ioa aeeytho oaeoi?u aiaoiaai e aioo?aiiaai oa?aeoa?a.E oaeoi?ai aiaoiaai oa?aeoa?a ioiinyony noa?a aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey, io?aneaaay i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue, ianooaau i?aaei?eyoey, yeiiiie/aneay neooaoeey a no?aia e naycaiiua n iae oneiaey oicyenoaiaaiey i?aaei?eyoey.Aioo?aiiea oaeoi?u – oeaiiaay iieeoeea i?aaei?eyoey, no?oeoo?a aeoeaia, iaoiaeeea ioeaiee caiania.Nei?inoue iai?a/eaaaiinoe iai?ioiiai eaieoaea ioeaieaaaony ii oaeei iieacaoaeyi, eae:1. Eiyooeoeeaio iai?a/eaaaiinoe, eee nei?inoue iai?ioa picscalex100010009000003090100000300150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02e003a0071200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb8ffffff60070000980300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000c00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 000284040500000013020002460715000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402 001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000600040000002d01010008000000320a8c03 d40402000000d1ce08000000320a6e01fe040200000056f008000000320a60024e010200 0000eee115000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e001900040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a6e01b406 01000000290008000000320a6e01980401000000280010000000fb0280fe000000000000 9001000000020002001053796d626f6c0000040000002d01010004000000f00102000800 0000320a60024603010000003d0008000000320a60023400010000004b000a0000002606 0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102 022253797374656d006e040000002d01020004000000f00101000300000000000000 ;aaea picscalex100010009000003ad0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c00120031200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffffe0020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e001900040000002d01000008000000320a60014e0102000000eee11000 0000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0000040000002d01 010004000000f001000008000000320a60013400010000004b000a00000026060f000a00 ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379 7374656d006e040000002d01000004000000f00101000300000000000000 -eiyooeoeeaio iai?a/eaaaiinoe; picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02000200021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffffc0010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000500015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e003900040000002d01000008000000320a600116000200000056f00a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000 -au?o/ea io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee, ?aaio, oneoa (oun.?oa.); picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c00180021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff40020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e001d00040000002d01000008000000320a60012e0002000000d1ce0a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000 -n?aaeiyy aaee/eia iai?ioiiai eaieoaea (oun. ?oa.).Eiyooeoeeaio iai?a/eaaaiinoe iieacuaaao eiee/anoai iieiuo iai?ioia (?ac), niaa?oaaiuo iai?ioiui eaieoaeii ca aiaeece?oaiue ia?eiae a?aiaie. N oaaee/aieai iieacaoaey onei?yaony iai?a/eaaaiinoue iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa, a cia/eo yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa oeo/oaaony.2. Aeeeoaeueiinoue iaeiiai iai?ioa picscalex100010009000003010100000300150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c022004e0071200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb8ffffffa0070000d80300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000e00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 00022e030500000013020002820715000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402 001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e001d00040000002d01010008000000320a8c03 71040200000056f008000000320a6e016c0601000000d20008000000320a6e013c030200 0000d1ce08000000320a60026a0001000000c40015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001 000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e003d00040000002d0102000400 0000f001010008000000320a6e018e05010000002a0010000000fb0280fe000000000000 9001000000020002001053796d626f6c0000040000002d01010004000000f00102000800 0000320a6002f001010000003d000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001000 0000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01 020004000000f00101000300000000000000 ;aaea picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c020002c0011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff80010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000500015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e005500040000002d01000008000000320a60016a0001000000c4000a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000- aeeeoaeueiinoue iaeiiai iai?ioa iai?ioiiai eaieoaea (a aeiyo); picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c00180021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff40020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e000600040000002d01000008000000320a60012e0002000000d1ce0a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000- n?aaeiyy aaee/eia iai?ioiiai eaieoae (oun. ?oa.); picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02a00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000200015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e006000040000002d01000008000000320a6001220001000000d2000a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000- io/aoiue ia?eiae (a aeiyo); picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02000200021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffffc0010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000500015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e007400040000002d01000008000000320a600116000200000056f00a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000- au?o/ea io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee (oun. ?oa.).Nie?auaiea a?aiaie iai?ioa, eae oaea ioia/aeinue, aaaeao e aunaiaiaeaeaieth n?aaenoa ec iai?ioa, a aai oaaee/aiea – e aeiiieieoaeueiie iio?aaiinoe a iai?ioiuo n?aaenoaao.3. Eiyooeoeeaio cae?aieaiey iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa picscalex100010009000003d40000000300150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02200440061200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb8ffffff00060000d80300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000e00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 0002b0030500000013020002ec0515000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402 001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e001900040000002d01010008000000320a8c03 e8030200000056f008000000320a6e01be0302000000d1ce08000000320a600246000200 0000cae010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0000 040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a60027302010000003d000a000000 26060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc 0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f00102000300000000000000 4f00 ;aaea picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c00160021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff20020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e0068c0040000002d01000008000000320a6001460002000000cae00a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000 - eiyooeoeeaio cae?aieaiey iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa; picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c00180021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff40020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e0068c0040000002d01000008000000320a60012e0002000000d1ce0a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000 - n?aaeiyy aaee/eia iai?ioiiai eaieoaea (oun. ?oa.); picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02000200021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffffc0010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000500015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e009700040000002d01000008000000320a600116000200000056f00a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000 - au?o/ea io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee (oun. ?oa.).Onei?aiea iai?a/eaaaiinoe eaieoaea niinianoaoao nie?auaieth iio?aaiinoe a iai?ioiii eaieoaea (aaniethoiia aunaiaiaeaeaiea), i?e?inoo iauaiia i?iaeoeoeee (ioiineoaeueiia aunaiaiaeaeaiea) e, cia/eo, oaaee/aieth iieo/aaiie i?eauee. A ?acoeueoaoa oeo/oaaony oeiainiaia ninoiyiea i?aaei?eyoey, oe?aieyaony ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoue.Caiaaeeaiea iai?a/eaaaiinoe o?aaoao i?eaea/aiey aeiiieieoaeueiuo n?aaenoa aeey i?iaeieaeaiey oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey oioy au ia o?iaia i?ioeiai ia?eiaea.Aiaeec aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe eiaao iniaia cia/aiea a ia?eiaeu eioeyoeee, eiaaea eiiiaeeecaoeey nianoaaiiuo iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa noaiiaeony iniaaiii iaauaiaeiie. Yoio aiaeec ia/eiaaony n ?anniio?aiey aa aaniethoiie e ioiineoaeueiie aaee/ei aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe.Oaaee/aiea aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe iiaeao auoue aucaaii:· iainiio?eoaeueiie e?aaeeoiie iieeoeeie i?aaei?eyoey ii ioiioaieth e iieoiaoaeyi, ia?acai?/eaui auai?ii ia?oia?ia;· ianooieaieai iaieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe e aeaaea aaie?ionoaa iaeioi?uo iio?aaeoaeae;· neeoeii aunieeie oaiiaie ia?aueaaiey iauaia i?iaeaae;· o?oaeiinoyie a ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee.?aceia nie?auaiea aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe iiaeao auoue neaaenoaeai iaaaoeaiuo iiiaioia ai acaeiiioiioaieyo n eeeaioaie (nie?auaiea i?iaeaae a e?aaeeo, iioa?y iio?aaeoaeae i?iaeoeoeee).Aanueia aeooaeai aii?in i niiinoaaeaiee aeaaeoi?neie e e?aaeeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe.Iiiaea aiaeeoeee n/eoatho, /oi anee e?aaeeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue i?aauoaao aeaaeoi?neoth, oi i?aaei?eyoea ?aoeeiiaeueii eniieuecoao n?aaenoaa, o.a. a?aiaiii i?eaeaeaao a iai?io n?aaenoaa aieueoa, /ai ioaeaeaao ec iai?ioa. Aooaaeoa?u ioiinyony e yoiio io?eoeaoaeueii, iioiio /oi e?aaeeoi?neoth caaeieaeaiiinoue i?aaei?eyoea iaycaii iiaaoaoue iacaaeneii io ninoiyiey aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe. A ie?iaie o/aoii-aiaeeoe/aneie i?aeoeea niiinoaaeaieth aeaaeoi?neie e e?aaeeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe oaeaeytho iinoiyiiia aieiaiea. Aeey ioeaiee iai?a/eaaaiinoe aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe eniieuecothony neaaeothuea iieacaoaee:1. Iai?a/eaaaiinoue aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe picscalex100010009000003d50000000300150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c022004c0061200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb8ffffff80060000d80300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000e00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 000248040500000013020002680615000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402 001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00a4ce040000002d01010008000000320a8c03 920402000000c4c708000000320a6e0171040200000056f009000000320a600246000300 0000cae4e70010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c 0000040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a60020a03010000003d000a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000 0000 ;aaea picscalex1000100090000038e0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c001e0021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffffa0020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e000200040000002d01000009000000320a6001460003000000cae4e700 0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02 000000cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000 000000000000 -eiyooeoeeaio iai?a/eaaaiinoe aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe(/enei iai?ioia); picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02000200021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffffc0010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000500015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e002100040000002d01000008000000320a600116000200000056f00a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000 -au?o/ea io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee (oun. ?oa.); picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02000260021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff20020000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000500015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e0058ad040000002d01000008000000320a60016a0002000000c4c70a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000 -n?aaeiyy aaee/eia aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe (?oa.).Eiyooeoeeaio iai?a/eaaaiinoe aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe iieacuaaao ?anoe?aiea eee nieaeaiea eiiia?/aneiai e?aaeeoa, i?aaeinoaaeyaiiai i?aaei?eyoeai. Anee i?e ?an/aoa eiyooeoeeaioa au?o/ea io ?aaeecaoeee n/eoaaony ii ia?aoiaeo i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe, oi oaaee/aiea eiyooeoeeaioa icia/aao nie?auaiea i?iaeaae a e?aaeeo, a aai nieaeaiea naeaeaoaeuenoaoao ia oaaee/aiee iauaia i?aaeinoaaeyaiiai e?aaeeoa.2. Ia?eiae iiaaoaiey aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe picscalex100010009000003d60000000300150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02e003e0071200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb8ffffffa0070000980300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000c00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 000208050500000013020002a00715000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402 001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d01010009000000320a8c03 2e0503000000cae4e70008000000320a6e01ca0501000000d20009000000320a60026a00 04000000c4ebe4e710000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d62 6f6c0000040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a6002ca03010000003d00 0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02 000000cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f001020003000000 000000000000 ;aaeapicscalex1000100090000038e000000020015000000000005000000090200000000 0400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000 050000000b0200000000050000000c020002a0031200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000 10000000c0ffffffc6ffffff60030000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479 70650000500015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d657320 4e657720526f6d616e001900040000002d01000009000000320a60016a0004000000c4eb e4e70a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000 bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f00100000300 0000000000000000-aeeeoaeueiinoue iiaaoaiey aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe(aeie); picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02a00160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff20010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000200015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e005c00040000002d01000008000000320a6001220001000000d2000a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000 -io/aoiue ia?eiae (a aeiyo); picscalex1000100090000038e0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c001e0021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffffa0020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e000000040000002d01000009000000320a6001460003000000cae4e700 0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02 000000cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000 000000000000 -eiyooeoeeaio iai?a/eaaaiinoe aeaaeoi?neiecaaeieaeaiiinoe (/enei iai?ioia).*ai i?iaeieaeeoaeueiaa ia?eiae iiaaoaiey, oai auoa ?ene aa iaiiaaoaiey. Yoio iieacaoaeue neaaeoao ?anniao?eaaoue ii th?eaee/aneei e oece/aneei eeoeai, aeaeai i?iaeoeoeee, oneiaeyi ?an/aoia, o.a. oneiaeyi caeeth/aiey naeaeie.Nouanoaotho iaeioi?ua iauea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee oi?aaeaiey aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoueth:1) onoaiiaeoue eiio?ieue ca ninoiyieai ?an/aoia n iieoiaoaeyie;2) n oeaeueth oiaiueoaiey ?enea iaoieaou iaeiei eee ianeieueeeie e?oiiuie iieoiaoaeyie neaaeoao ii aiciiaeiinoe ?anoe?eoue e?oa iieoiaoaeae;3) neaaeeoue ca niioiioaieai aeaaeoi?neie e e?aaeeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe, oae eae cia/eoaeueiia i?aauoaiea aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe nicaeano oa?ico oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe i?aaei?eyoey e i?eaea/aiey aeiiieieoaeueii aei?iainoiyueo enoi/ieeia oeiaine?iaaiey;4) eniieueciaaoue i?aaeinoaaeaiea neeaeie i?e aeieain?i/iie iieaoa.Aeaeiaay aeoeaiinoue Eiiiaiee oa?aeoa?ecoaony, i?aaeaea anaai iieacaoaeyie eioaineaiiai eniieueciaaiey ?ano?nia, ia?eiaeii eo iai?a/eaaaiinoe, cao?aoai e iieo/aiiie i?eaueueth ca ia?eiae. ?anniio?ei iniiaiua iieacaoaee ?aioaaaeueiinoe:1. ?aioaaaeueiinoue aeoeaia (eiouanoaa) picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c00140021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff00020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e002d00040000002d01000008000000320a6001460002000000d0e00a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000- iieacuaaao, eaeoth i?eaueue iieo/aao i?aaei?eyoea n eaaeaeiai ?oaey, aeiaeaiiiai a aeoeau;picscalex100010009000003d4000000030015000000000005000000090200000000040 0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050 000000b0200000000050000000c02e00300061200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100 00000c0ffffffb8ffffffc0050000980300000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706 50000c00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d01000005000000140 200029a030500000013020002a80515000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc040 2001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00ffff040000002d01010008000000320a8c0 3440401000000c00008000000320a6e01c60302000000cff708000000320a60024600020 00000d0e010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000 0040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a60025c02010000003d000a00000 026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000c c0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000000 00000 ;aaea picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c00140021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff00020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e003000040000002d01000008000000320a6001460002000000d0e00a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000- ?aioaaaeueiinoue aeoeaia (eiouanoaa); picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c00160021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff20020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e001900040000002d01000008000000320a60014c0002000000cff70a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000- i?eaueue; inoathuayny a ?anii?yaeaiee i?aaei?eyoey (/enoayi?eaueue); picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02a00180011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff40010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000200015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e006800040000002d01000008000000320a6001580001000000c0000a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000 - n?aaeiyy aaee/eia aeoeaia (aaethoa aaeaina).2. ?aioaaaeueiinoue oaeoueo aeoeaia picscalex1000100090000038e0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c00140031200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff00030000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e003400040000002d01000009000000320a6001460003000000d0f2e000 0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02 000000cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000 000000000000 - iieacuaaao, neieueei i?eauee iieo/aao i?aaei?eyoea n iaeiiai ?oaey, aeiaeaiiiai a oaeouea aeoeau; 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A no?aiao n ?acaeoie yeiiiieeie yoio iieacaoaeue au?aaeaao ioeaieo ianoa?noaa oi?aaeaiey eiaanoeoeeyie; picscalex100010009000003e40000000300150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c022004e0091200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb8ffffffa0090000d80300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000e00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 0002a00305000000130200029e0915000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402 001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e001d00040000002d01010008000000320a8c03 7a0702000000c4ce08000000320a8c03ae0302000000d1ca08000000320a6e0112060100 0000cf0008000000320a6002460002000000d0e810000000fb0280fe0000000000009001 000000020002001053796d626f6c0000040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000 320a8c032406010000002b0008000000320a60026202010000003d000a00000026060f00 0a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020222 53797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f001020003000000000000000000 ;aaea picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c00140021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff00020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e0064ba040000002d01000008000000320a6001460002000000d0e80a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000- ?aioaaaeueiinoue eiaanoeoeee; 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picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c020002c0021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff80020000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000500015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e006400040000002d01000008000000320a60016a0002000000c4ce0a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000- n?aaeiyy aaee/eia aeieain?i/iuo iaycaoaeuenoa.4. ?aioaaaeueiinoue nianoaaiiiai eaieoaea picscalex1000100090000038e0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c001e0021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffffa0020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e000401040000002d01000009000000320a6001460003000000d0f1ea00 0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02 000000cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000 000000000000 - io?aaeaao ioiioaiea i?eauee e nianoaaiiiio eaieoaeo; picscalex100010009000003d50000000300150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02e003e0061200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb8ffffffa0060000980300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000c00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 00023c040500000013020002860615000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402 001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0034b1040000002d01010008000000320a8c03 4a0402000000d1ca08000000320a6e01860402000000cff709000000320a600246000300 0000d0f1ea0010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c 0000040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a6002fe02010000003d000a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000 0000 ;aaea picscalex1000100090000038e0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c001e0021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffffa0020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e001900040000002d01000009000000320a6001460003000000d0f1ea00 0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02 000000cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000 000000000000- ?aioaaaeueiinoue nianoaaiiiai eaieoaea; picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c00160021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff20020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e003100040000002d01000008000000320a60014c0002000000cff70a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000- i?eaueue, inoathuayny a ?anii?yaeaiee i?aaei?eyoey(/enoay i?eaueue); picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c001a0021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff60020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e005400040000002d01000008000000320a60012e0002000000d1ca0a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000- n?aaeiyy aaee/eia nianoaaiiiai eaieoaea.5. ?aioaaaeueiinoue iniiaiie aeayoaeueiinoe picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c00140021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff00020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e001100040000002d01000008000000320a6001460002000000d0e40a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000- iieacuaaao, eaeiai ioiioaiea i?eauee io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee iniiaiiai aeaea aeayoaeueiinoe e noiio cao?ao ia i?iecaiaenoai; picscalex100010009000003d40000000300150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02e00320061200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb8ffffffe0050000980300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000c00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 000294030500000013020002de0515000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402 001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d01010008000000320a8c03 a20302000000d1ca08000000320a6e01d80302000000cff008000000320a600246000200 0000d0e410000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0000 040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a60025602010000003d000a000000 26060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc 0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f00102000300000000000000 4f00 ;aaea picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c00140021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff00020000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e001a00040000002d01000008000000320a6001460002000000d0e40a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000 - ?aioaaaeueiinoue nianoaaiiiai eaieoaea; picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02000260021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff20020000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000500015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e007800040000002d01000008000000320a60014c0002000000cff00a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000 - i?eaueue io ?aaeecaoeee; picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02c00140011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc6ffffff00010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000300015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e002c00040000002d01000008000000320a6001400001000000c7000a00 000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000 00cc0102022253797374656d006e040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 0000 - cao?aou ia i?iecaiaenoai i?iaeoeoeee.Aiaeec iieacaoaeae ?aioaaaeueiinoe eaieoaea e i?iaeaae iieacuaaao oooaeoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe oeiainiai-oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe Eiiiaiee ca aiaeece?oaiue ia?eiae.Oae i?aeoe/anee ana iieacaoaee ?aioaaaeueiinoe (ca eneeth/aieai ?aioaaaeueiinoe eiaanoeoeee) eiatho io?eoeaoaeueiia cia/aiea, /oi aiai?eo e ia oauoi/iinoe Eiiiaiee.Caeanue aaaeii ioiaoeoue, /oi oauoi/iinoue Eiiiaiee yaeyaony neaaenoaeai iayooaeoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey cao?aoaie Eiiiaiee i?e neiaeeaoaeny eiiuthieoo?a ?uiea.?aioaaaeueiinoue i?iaeaae iiaeii oaaee/eoue iooai iiauoaiey oeai ia i?aaeeaaaaiua oneoae eee nieaeaieai cao?ao i?e eo ?aaeecaoeee. Iaeiaei yoe niiniau yooaeoeaiu a e?aoein?i/iii ia?eiaea e iaaeinoaoi/ii iaaeaaeiu a aeieain?i/iie ia?niaeoeaa. Iaeaieaa iineaaeiaaoaeueiay iieeoeea Eiiiaiee, ioaa/athuay oeaeyi oe?aieaiey oeiainiaiai iieiaeaiey, ninoieo a oii, /oiau oaaee/eoue i?iecaiaenoai e ?aaeecaoeeth oneoa, iaiaoiaeeiinoue eioi?uo ii?aaeaeaia ni?inii ia ?uiea aaeaia?aaicie.Eioi?iaoeey i oe?ia.Iauanoai n Ia?aie/aiiie Ioaaonoaaiiinoueth “Oo?enoe/aneia aaaionoai “Aea Aeco” auei o/?aaeaeaii a 1995 aiaeo ia iniiaaiee ?aoaiey O/anoieeia (5 o/?aaeeoaeae, eioi?ua aianee a onoaaiie eaieoae i?aaei?eyoey ii 20 %, /oi ninoaaeei 1680 (iaeia ouny/a oanouenio ainaiueaeanyo) ?oa. 00 eii.Ooao nio?oaeieeia ian/eouaaao 23 /aeiaaea.Oe?ia ieacuaaao neaaeothuea aeaeu oneoa:· Ieacuaaao oneoae a iaeanoe oo?ecia, i?aaiecaoeey e o/anoea a i?aaiecaoeee e yenieoaoaoeee ioaeae, oo?aac, iioaeae, oneoae ii i?aaiecaoeee yeneo?nee, ianeoaeeaaiea /anoiuo e aeaeiauo iiacaeie, eoeueoo?iuo, aano?ieueiuo, aeaaioai?eoaeueiuo e ae?oaeo ia?ii?eyoee;· I?aaiecaoeey oo?enoe/aneeo iiacaeie, eiiaiaee?iaie niaoeeaeenoia;· Inouanoaeaiea iaaeaeoia?iaeiie oo?enoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe a aeeaeiai e aeaeueiai ca?oaaaeuea;· I?iaeaaea aaeaaeeaoia ia aioo?aiiea e ca?oaaaeiua ?aenu aaeaeiiiaiee ?acee/iuo no?ai;· ?aaeecaoeey iooaaie a cae?aaieoeu e aeiia ioaeuoa.Inouanoaeyao ioi?aaeo eeeaioia aieaa /ai a 30 no?ai ie?a e yaeyaony oo?iia?aoi?ii ii iai?aaeaieyi: *aoey, Aaia?ey, Eoaeey, Aieeaiaeey, O?aioeey, Aano?ey, Aiaeey, Oaaeoea?ey.A enoaeoai (’99) aiaeo auei ioi?aaeaii ii iai?aaeaieyi.1 OAAEEOeA:?ani?aaeaeaiea caeacia ii no?aiai aaeaiany/ii ca 1999 aiaessia.Oaa?.ia?oAi?.iaeethiueetheueAaa.Nai.Ieo.Iiya.Aeae.EOIAI:1*AOEss a?oi.4316325132124121912101712*AOEss eiae.51867661448563*aoey eo?i?ou,ea/aiea11225621200224Neiaaeey(ai?i.euaee)111511371215AAIA?Ess a?oi.43941311601137626AAIA?Ess eiae.12658663927557EOAEEss13445722324378OEIEssIAeEss,Oaaoeey12164235126429AIEEAIAeEss,Aaieethen1328113413423310IAEUeOA11201000511E?EAIAeEss1100000212II?OOAAEE ss111000313O?AIOeEss767578788437014AANO?Ess 2234135373223715Aano?ey ai?i.euaee000152816OAAEOeA?Ess240010211017AIAEEss237243241423418A?AOeEss (i-aa)23500001019AA?IAIEss3314002311720ENIAIEss ,Oaia?.Aiaei??a13789952104521EEI?3120300922OO?OeEss14133233362060015423E C?AEEUe11001022724IAY145211002322125AAEIAO14313914334126OOIEN41000000527 OAEEAIAe2421112342028Yecioe/aneea i-aa11000002429Ianii?o11000000230OI?AAOEss200002ssiiiey1001EOIAI:2836731 18451071421248294886910061006Oae aea aaaionoai “Aea Aeco” ieacuaaao oneoae ii i?iaeaaea aaeaaeeaoia i?aeoe/anee a ethaua oi/ee ie?a, aieaa /ai ia 20 aaeaeiiiaieyo, a oii /enea oaeea eae: “Ay?ioeio”, CSA, KLM, Malev, AirFrance e o.ae.Ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue “Aea Aeco” eiaao aieueooth aaaioneoth naoue, eae a Iineaa, oae e ai iiiaeo ?aaeiiao ?innee. Aaaiou ?aaioatho a ai?iaeao: Aeaaeeie?, Eaeeieia?aae, Naia?a, sseoone e o.ae.Aaaionoai auei oaeinoiaii Aeeieiia ca auaeathueany oniaoe a ?acaeoee oo?enoneiai aeciana Iaoeeiiaeueiiai eiieoaoa ii oo?ecio Aaiaa?neie ?anioaeeee, caieiaao ia?aia ianoi a ?aeoeiaa oo?oe?i –iia?aoi?ia ii *aoee ninoaaeaiiii Eioi?iaoeeiiiie neoaeaie AAIEI. Aaeaaiaeii i?eieiaao o/anoea a aunoaaeao “Ioaeuo” e MITT.“Aea Aeco” iaeii ec iaiiiaeo eniieuecoao aeiiieieoaeueiua iaoiaeu i?eaea/aiey eeeaioia: nouanoaoao aeaeay nenoaia neeaeie (i?e aoi?ii ia?auaiee 3% n iooaaee, i?e o?aoueai 5% i?e iineaaeothueo 7%); auaea/a eaaeaeiio eeeaioo i?e iieo/aiee iooaaee ?aeeaiiie i?iaeoeoeee (eaeaiaea?ae, iaeaoia, iinoa?ia, ?o/ae e o.i.); aaeaiaaeaeueii i?iaiaeeony eiiiuethoa?iay eioa?ay n?aaee aacu aeaiiuo eeeaioia n a?o/aieai iiaaaeeoaeth aeiiieieoaeueiuo i?ecia.?ac?aaioea i?ia?aiiu ?aeeaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.Oo?enoe/aneee ?uiie, eae aioo?aiiee, oae e iaaeaeoia?iaeiue, - iaeei ec iaeaieaa eiieo?aioiuo ?uieia. Ca i?eaea/aiea oo?enoia eaeao ino?ay eiieo?aioiay ai?ueaa eae iaaeaeo ioaeaeueiuie no?aiaie, oae e aioo?e naiie no?aiu - iaaeaeo ?aaeiiaie, ai?iaeaie, ainoeieoeaie, i?aaei?eyoeyie ianeoaeeaaiey e oo?enoe/aneeie oe?iaie. A oneiaeyo aeanoieie eiieo?aioeee aaaeiia cia/aiea i?eia?aoaao ?ac?aaioea /aoeie i?ia?aiiu ia?eaoeiaa e iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai inouanoaeaiey aa eiie?aoiuo ia?ii?eyoee, ia/eiay n enneaaeiaaiey ?uiea, nicaeaiey oo?i?iaeoeoa e eii/ay oeaeaiai?aaeaiiuie aeaenoaeyie ii aai i?iaeaeaeaieth ia ?uiea. Ia?iiioth ?ieue a yoeo oneiaeyo ea?aao ?aeeaiii-eioi?iaoeeiiiay ?aaioa, yaeythuayny iaeiie ec aaaeiaeoeo /anoae nia?aiaiiiai ia?eaoeiaa. Eniieuecoy iiaaeoea aeinoeaeaiey a iaeanoe ineoieiaee, nioeeieiaee, ynoaoeee e ae?oaeo iaoe, ?aeeaia ca iineaaeiea aiaeu i?aa?aoeeanue a iiuioth eiaeono?eth.?aeeaiii-eioi?iaoeeiiiay aeayoaeueiinoue a iaeanoe oo?ecia inouanoaeyaony ia aeaoo o?iaiyo:· ia ainoaea?noaaiiii iae?io?iaia;· ia o?iaia eiiia?/aneeo no?oeoo?, eee iee?io?iaia (oo?oe?iu, ainoeieoeu, o?ainii?oiua eiiiaiee e o.ae.)?aeeaia ia iae?io?iaia i?iaiaeeony i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey - ieienoa?noaaie, oi?aaeaieyie, eiieoaoaie. Iniiaiay oeaeue ia yoii o?iaia:· nicaeaoue aeaaii?eyoiue ia?ac no?aiu a oeaeii eee aai ioaeaeueiiai ?aaeiia;· iiaoaeeoue iioaioeeaeueiiai iio?aaeoaey aua?aoue eiaiii yoo no?aio eee ?aaeii aeey naiaai iooaoanoaey n?aaee iiiaeanoaa ae?oaeo oo?enoneeo iai?aaeaiee.?aeeaiiay aeayoaeueiinoue ia iae?io?iaia i?iaiaeeony aeaaiui ia?acii ia athaeaeaoiua n?aaenoaa.Iniiaiay oeaeue ?aeeaiu ia iee?io?iaia, eee eiiia?/aneie ?aeeaiu - iiaoaeeoue iieoiaoaey i?eia?anoe eiie?aoiue i?iaeoeo ec iannu aio iiaeiaiuo, i?aaeeaaaaiuo ia ?uiea.?aeeaiiay aeayoaeueiinoue a oo?ecia, a oii /enea a ?inneeneii, no?iai ?aaeaiaioe?oaony. Ainoaea?noai i?aaeuyaeyao iniaua o?aaiaaiey e ?aeeaia oo?oe?i. Iniiaiui ii?iaoeaiui aeoii a yoii aeaea aeayoaeueiinoe yaeyaony Oaaea?aeueiue Caeii ?O “I ?aeeaia”, i?eiyoue 18 ethey 1995 aiaea ca ?108-48.Oo?enoneea oe?iu ianoo ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca aeinoiaa?iinoue eioi?iaoeee, eceiaeaiiie a ?aeeaiiuo niiauaieyo. Eioi?iaoeey i i?iaeoeoa aeieaeia auoue eiie?aoiie e iauaeoeaiie. Iineaaeiaa o?aaiaaiea i/aiue aaaeii, oae eae ai iiiaeo no?aiao, a oii /enea e a ?innee, i?eiyo caeii i caueoa i?aa iio?aaeoaeae. Iiyoiio a neo/aa ?anoiaeaeaiey eioi?iaoeee a ?aeeaia n oaeoe/anee i?aaeinoaaeaiiuie oneoaaie oo?eno eiaao i?aai iio?aaiaaoue io oe?iu niioaaonoaothuoth eiiiainaoeeth, a a neo/aa aa iaauieaou ia?aoeoueny a noae.Ia?aue oaa a ?ac?aaioea ?aeeaiiie i?ia?aiiu - iinoaiiaea ?aeeaiiuo oeaeae. ?aeeaiiay oeaeue - ii?aaeaeaiiay eiiioieeaoeeiiiay caaea/a, eioi?ay aoaeao auiieiaia a ioiioaiee ii?aaeaeaiiie oeaeaaie aoaeeoi?ee a oa/aiea ii?aaeaeaiiiai ia?eiaea a?aiaie. Oeaeue ?ac?aaaouaaaiie ?aeeaiu ?anoe?aiea nauoa - nicaeaoue ciaiey i ia?ea e iiauo oneoaao ia oeaeaaii ?uiea.?an/ao athaeaeaoa ?aeeaiu.Ii?aaeaeea oeaee ?aeeaiu, eiiiaiey onoaiaaeeaaao ?aeeaiiue athaeaeao. I?e ninoaaeaiee athaeaeaoa aeieaeiu o/eouaaoueny iaeioi?ua oaeoi?u: noaaeey aeeciaiiiai oeeeea oiaa?a - iiaua oiaa?u iau/ii ioaeaeathony a aieueoeo n?aaenoaao, cao?a/eaaaiuo ia ?aeeaio, /oiau nicaeaaaoue inaaaeiieaiiinoue iio?aaeoaey e iieo/aoue aai ioaaoioth ?aaeoeeth. Oiaa?u, iaoiaeyueany a noaaeee c?aeinoe, iau/ii o?aaotho aieaa ieceeo cao?ao ia ?aeeaio ii n?aaiaieth n iauaiii i?iaeaae; ?uii/iay aeiey - aeey oneoa n aieueoeie ?uii/iuie aeieyie iau/ii iaiaoiaeeiu aieueoea ?aeeaiiua ?anoiaeu. Caaiaaaiea ?uiea eee aeiee ?uiea eiieo?aioa oaeaea o?aaoao aieueoaai ?aeeaiiiai athaeaeaoa, /ai iiaeaea?aeaiea eiathuaeny ?uii/iie aeiee; eiieo?aioeey e iiiaoe - ia ?uiea n iiiai/eneaiiuie eiieo?aioaie e iiuiie ?aeeaiiie iiaeaea?aeeie oi?aiaay ia?ea aeieaeia ?aeeaie?iaaoueny aieaa /anoi, /anoi /oiau auoue oneuoaiiie a ?aeeaiiii ooia ?uiea; /anoioa ?aeeaie?iaaiey - oaeaea ii?aaeaeyao ?aeeaiiue athaeaeao, /ai aieueoa iiaoi?aiee ?aeeaiiuo niiauaiee i oi?aiaie ia?ea, oai e aieueoa athaeaeao; aeeooa?aioeeaoeey oiaa?a - aeey oneoa aanueia noiaeeo n ae?oaeie a naiae a?oiia, iiuiay ?aeeaia aeieaeia iiiiaaoue iainiaeoue, eiaeeaeaeoaeece?iaaoue aai, anee aai ioee/ey io oiaa?ia eiieo?aioia cia/eoaeueiu, ?aeeaia aeieaeia iauynieoue yoe ?acee/ey iio?aaeoaeyi.Aeey ?an/aoa iauaai athaeaeaoa ia ?aeeaio nouanoaoao /aou?a iaueo iaoiaea:1) Enoiaey ec aiciiaeiinoae eiiiaiee - oaeie iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey athaeaeaoa iieiinoueth eaii?e?oao aeeyiea n?aaenoa ?aeeaiu e i?iaeaeaeaiey ia iauai i?iaeaae. Yoi aaaeao e iaii?aaeaeaiiiio aaeaaiaeiiio ?aeeaiiiio athaeaeaoo, eioi?ue cao?oaeiyao aein?i/iia ieaie?iaaiea ia?eaoeiaa. E?iia oiai, oioy oaeie iaoiae e iiaeao i?eaanoe e ia?a?anoiaeo n?aaenoa ia ?aeeaio , ii /aua ii i?eaiaeeo e iaaeinoaoeo oeiaine?iaaiey.2) Eae i?ioeaio io i?iaeaae - onoaiaaeeaatho ?aeeaiiue athaeaeao a i?ioeaioiie caaeneiinoe io oeaiu i?iaeaaee. I?aaeaea anaai yoi icia/aao, /oi ?anoiaeu ia ?aeeaio e i?iaeaeaeaiea, aa?iyoii, ioee/athony io oiai, /oi eiiiaiey iiaeao “ naaa iicaieeoue”. E?iia oiai, ?oeiaiaenoai eiiiaiee iiaeao niioianoe iaaeaeo niaie ?anoiaeu ia i?iaeaeaeaiea, oeaio i?iaeaaee e i?eaueue ia aaeeieoeo cao?ao. Iaeiiaoe, yoi, aiciiaeii, nicaeaao eiieo?aioioth noaaeeueiinoue, iioiio /oi eiieo?e?othuea oe?iu iau/ii o?aoyo oaeie aea i?ioeaio io eo i?iaeaae. Iaeiaei yoio iaoiae ia nianai ii?aaaeuaaao naay. ?anniao?eaaoue i?iaeaaee eae iniiao aeey i?iaeaeaeaiey iai?aaeeueii: iie nei?aa anaai - ?acoeueoao iieeoeee i?iaeaeaeaiey. A yoii neo/aa athaeaeao ii?aaeaeyaony a aieueoae noaiaie aeinooiiinoueth oiiaeia, a ia aiciiaeiinoyie naiie oe?iu. Eiiaaea yoi iicaieyao i?aaeioa?aoeoue iaii?aaaeaiiia oaaee/aiea ?anoiaeia, anee iaiaoiaeeii aini?aiyonoaiaaoue iaaeaieth i?iaeaae. Ii oae eae aiaeiaie athaeaeao caaeneo io o?iaiy i?iaeaae, ieaie?iaaoue ia aeeeoaeueiue ia?eiae o?oaeii. Iaeiiaoe, oaeie iaoiae ia iaania/eaaao aeey auai?a ii?aaeaeaiiiai i?ioeaioa, anee oieueei ia o/eouaaaony i?ioeay i?aeoeea eee i?ioeaio eiieo?aioia.3) Enoiaey ec o?iaiy cao?ao eiieo?aioia - niiinoaaeaiea cao?ao n o?iaiai eiieo?aioia. Eiiiaiee iaaethaeatho ca ?aeeaiie eiieo?aioia eee iieo/atho naaaeaiey ii o?iaith cao?ao a io?anee ec ioaeeeaoeee eee io oi?aiauo annioeeaoeee, a caoai enoiaey ec n?aaeiaai ii io?anee onoaiaaeeaatho naie athaeaeaou. Anoue aeaa a?aoiaioa a iieueco yoiai iaoiaea: athaeaeaou eiieo?aioia i?aaenoaaeytho eieeaeoeaiue ?acoi io?anee e niiinoaaeiua ?anoiaeu eiieo?aioia iicaieytho i?aaeioa?aoeoue ?aeeaiiua aieiu. Ii, e niaeaeaieth, yoe aeaa a?aoiaioa ia oaaaeeoaeueiu. Iao ieeaeeo iniiaaiee n/eoaoue, /oi eiieo?aio eo/oa ciaao, neieueei eiiiaiey aeieaeia o?aoeoue ia i?iaeaeaeaiea. Eiiiaiee ?acee/iu, e o eaaeaeie naie iniaaiiua iio?aaiinoe a ?aeeaia e i?iaeaeaeaiee oiaa?a.4) Enoiaey ec oeaeae e caaea/, i?aneaaeoaiuo ?aeeaiiie i?ia?aiiie - iaeaieaa eiae/ii onoaiaaeeaaoue athaeaeao iaoiaeii ii?aaeaeaiey aai niioaaonoaey caaea/ai e oeaeyi i?ia?aiiu i?iaeaeaeaiey. I?aaeaea /ai ii?aaeaeeoue athaeaeao, niaoeeaeenou ii ia?eaoeiao aeieaeiu ii?aaeaeeoue niaoeeoe/aneea oeaee, caaea/e, eioi?ua aeieaeiu auoue auiieiaiu, /oiau aeinoeaiooue yoeo oeaeae, e ioeaieoue cao?aou ia eo auiieiaiea. Noiia anao yoeo cao?ao - e anoue i?aaeeaaaaiue athaeaeao ia i?iaeaeaeaiea. Yoi oaeaea iaeaieaa o?oaeiue a eniieiaiee iaoiae, iineieueeo ca?aiaa aanueia neiaeii ii?aaeaeeoue, eaeea caaea/e i?eaaaeoo e aeinoeaeaieth ii?aaeaeaiiuo oeaeae. Iaoiae iicaieyao onoaiiaeoue aeaeaaiue athaeaeao ia i?iaeaeaeaiea.Iauay aaee/eia oaeoe/aneeo ?anoiaeia, ia ?aeeaio, ioiineiuo ia naaanoieiinoue i?iaeoeoeee, caaeneo io iauaia au?o/ee ?aaeecaoeee oneoa e ia aeieaeia i?aauoaoue ii?iaoeaia. A niioaaonoaee n I?eeiaeaieai ?2 e ienueio Ieioeia ?O io 6 ieoya?y 1992 aiaea ? 94: anee iauai au?o/ee aei 10 iei.?oa. aeeth/eoaeueii aiae, oi i?aaeaeueiue ?acia? ?anoiaeia ia ?aeeaio a aiae ii niaoa ?aaai 2% io iauaia. I?apiecaoeee, inouanoaeythuea naith aeayoaeueiinoue a noa?a i?aaeinoaaeaiey oo?enoneeo oneoa, oaaee/eaatho i?aaeaeueioth en/eneaiioth noiio ?anoiaeia ia ?aeeaio a 3 ?aca .Iaoe oneoae iiaoo iii?aaeoueny ?uieo, ninoiyuaio ec 140000 iio?aaeoaeae. Oeaeue - ioaaoeoue 98000 iio?aaeoaeae (140000 o 70%). Iineieueeo n?aaeiee iio?aaeoaeue aoaeao eiaoue 24 eiioaeoa n ?aeeaiie e iieooi?iie neeie aicaeaenoaey, oi ?an/aoiia /enei caeoiaaiuo eiioaeoia ninoaaeoue 3,528 iei. (98000 o 24 o 1,5). Oae eae 1000 eiioaeoia aeaiiie neeu noiyo a n?aaeiai 95 ?oa., ?aeeaiiue athaeaeao aeieaeai ?aaiyoueny 335160 ?oa.?aoaiey i n?aaenoaao ?ani?ino?aiaiey ?aeeaiu.Aeaaiua oaae a auai?a n?aaenoaa ianniaie eioi?iaoeee aeey aeiianaiey ?aeeaiiiai niiauaiey aei oeaeaaie aoaeeoi?ee:1. auai? noaiaie ioaaoa, /anoiou e aicaeaenoaey;2. auai? aeaaiuo aeaeia n?aaenoa eioi?iaoeee;3. auai? eiie?aoiuo aeaeia n?aaenoa ?ani?ino?aiaiey eioi?iaoeee;4. auai? a?aiaie ?aciauaiey a n?aaenoaao eioi?iaoeee.?aoaiea i oe?ioa ioaaoa, /anoioa iiyaeaiey e neea aicaeaenoaey ?aeeaiu.Ioaao. Aeieaeii iiciaeiieoueny n ?aeeaiiie eiiiaieae 70% oeaeaaie aoaeeoi?ee a oa/aiee 2000 aiaea. Ii aeaiiui noaoenoeee 2% ai?iaea Iineau - n?aaeiee e aunoee eeann (140000 /ae.), o.a. iaoa oeaeaaay aoaeeoi?ey ninoaaeyao i?eia?ii 98000 /aeiaae.*anoioa iiyaeaiey ?aeeaiu. Ca aiae iaania/eaaaony 24 ?aeeaiiuo eiioaeoa.Neea aicaeaenoaey. Eniieueciaaoue niaoeeaeece?iaaiiua i?anoeaeiua aeo?iaeu ii oo?ecio e iooaoanoaeth. I?aaeiieiaeei, /oi yoi aoaeao iieooi?iay neea aicaeaenoaey.Iniaaiiinoueth ?aeeaiu oo?enoe/aneiai i?iaeoeoa yaeyaony oi, /oi ii oaeaaeaeaieth iia ia oae aeaenoaaiia. Iia o?aaeeoeeiiia e aieaa yooaeoeaii eaeao a aacaoao, aeo?iaeao e ii ?aaeei. Iiyoiio a ea/anoaa iniiaiiai eaiaea ?ani?ino?aiaiey eioi?iaoeee aua?aia ?aeeaia a i?anna. ?aeeaia a aeo?iaeao iaoneiaeaia neaaeothuei:· aeinoiaa?iinoue e i?anoeaeiinoue;· aunieia ea/anoai aini?iecaaaeaiey;· aeeeoaeueiinoue nouanoaiaaiey;· cia/eoaeueiia /enei aoi?e/iuo /eoaoaeae;· oi?ioay “i?ioiaeeiinoue” n?aaee /eoaoaeae;· aunieay aeaiia?aoe/aneay e aaia?aoe/aneay naeaeoeaiinoue.Noieiinoue ?aeeaiu a ?an/aoa ia 1000 /aeiaae. Auai? eiie?aoiuo iineoaeae ?aeeaiu.Ec oaaeeoeu aeaeii, /oi ia aeaiiue iiiaio ia ?uiea i?aaenoaaeaiu neaaeothuea eioa?anothuea ian, n oi/ee c?aiey ?ani?ino?aiaiey eioi?iaoeee, aeo?iaeu: “Oo?eci e ioaeuo”, “Aiyae”, “Aiyae e ioaeuo”. I?e iiiiue ia?eaoeiaiauo enneaaeiaaiee aue ii?aaeaeai e?oa /eoaoaeae e n o/aoii aaniieaciie aoaeeoi?ee - /anoue eioi?ay ia yaeyaony oeaeaaui ?uieii ?anniao?eaaaiiai oo?aaaionoaa ii?aaeaeeee iioaioeeaeueiue oeaeaaie ?uiie. Iai?eia?, aeo?iae “Oo?eci e ioaeuo” eiaao 85000 /eoaoaeae, ec eioi?uo 60% aaniieaciie aoaeeoi?ee e 40 % (34000 /ae.) oeaeaaay aoaeeoi?ey. Oeaia ?aeeaiu a 1/2 no?aieoeu 13568 ?oa. Iiyoiio noieiinoue ?aeeaiu ninoaaeyao 399 ?oa. (13568 : 34000 o 1000 =399 ?oa.) ia 1000 /eoaoaeae. Oa aea ?an/aou inouanoaeythony e aeey ae?oaeo i?aaenoaaeaiiuo aeo?iaeia (oaaeeoea 1). Oaaeeoea 1.Iaeiaiiaaiea aeo?iaeaOe?aaeIioaioeeaeueiue oeaeaaie ?uiieNoieiinoue ?aeeaiu (1/2 iieinu), ?oa.*anoioa auoiaeaNoieiinoue ?aeeaiu ia 1000 /ae., ?oa.Oo?eci e ioaeuo8500034000/ae-40%135682 ?aca a ian.399Aiyae8500045000/ae-54%72001 ?ac a ian160Aiyae e ioaeuo10000034000/ae-40%69501 ?ac a ian.204· “Oo?eci e ioaeuo” - (13568 : 34000 o 1000 = 399 ?oa.) noieiinoue ?aeeaiu ia 1000 /eoaoaeae 399 ?oa.· “Aiyae” - (7200 : 45000 o 1000 = 160 ?oa.) noieiinoue ?aeeaiu ia 1000 /eoaoaeae 160 ?oa.· “Aiyae e ioaeuo” - (6950 : 34000 o 1000 = 204 ?oa.) noieiinoue ?aeeaiu ia 1000 /eoaoaeae 204 ?oa.Yoe aeo?iaeu yaeythony iaeaieaa iiaeoiaeyueie a ea/anoaa iineoaeae ?aeeaiu aeey oe?iu “Aea Aeco”.A?aoee eniieueciaaiey n?aaenoa ?aeeaiu.?aoaiey i auai?a eiie?aoiuo iineoaeae ?aeeaiu e a?aiaiiii a?aoeea eo eniieueciaaiey iiaeii i?aaenoaaeoue a aeaea noaiu. A?aoee eniieueciaaiey n?aaenoa ?aeeaiu, , iieacaiiue ia noaia 2, aiai?eo i oii , /oi oeeeee/iinoue ?aciauaiey ?aeeaiu ?aaiiia?ia. Oae a aeo?iaeaAei ?aciauaiey iauyaeaiey iaiaoiaeeii i?iaanoe ii?in iio?aaeoaeae ia oaio, i?aaeony ee ei i?aaeeaaaaiia iauyaeaiea e auaeaeyaony ee ia?auaiea ec ?yaea i?i/eo. Iinea ?aciauaiey iauyaeaiey i?iaiaeyony caia?u ociaaaaiinoe ?aeeaiu iio?aaeoaeyie eee aa ociaaaaiinoe eae aeaeaiiie ?aiaa.Ioaeeeoy naia iauyaeaiea a i?ioeanna, iaaei no?aieoueny i?eaea/ue aieiaiea /eoaoaeae e iaoae eioi?iaoeee. Niaoeeaeenou ii oai?ee ianniaie eiiioieeaoeee auaeaeytho a ea/anoaa i?eaea/aiey aieiaiey: eioaineaiinoue, oieeaeueiinoue, aeaeaeaiea, iiaoi?yaiinoue, eiio?anoiinoue e ?acia?. I?eiaieoaeueii e ?aeeaia yoi icia/aao neaaeothuaa.Eioaineaiinoue iau/ii au?aaeatho n iiiiuueth e?oiiuo caaieiaeia, eniieuecoy anai ecaanoiue oaeo, /oi a aeo?iaeao i?eiyoi auaeaeyoue oae iaeaieaa aaaeiua niiauaiey.Oieeaeueiinoue eae oaeoi? i?eaea/aiey aieiaiey icia/aao, /oi aeaiiay ooaeiaeanoaaiiay oi?ia ioee/aaony io eiuo eiieo?e?othueo oi?i ?aeeaiiuo iauyaeaiee, /oi ei naienoaaiia iiaecia. Iau/ii a ea/anoaa yeaiaioa oieeaeueiinoe aunooiatho oioia?aoey eee ?enoiie, eee eaeia-oi neiai ec caaieiaea, iaeaaeathuaai iniaie i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoueth aeey aae?anaoa.Aeaeaeaiea iiaeao auoue i?ae?anii ia?aaeaii eeethno?aoeeae. Iii aeieaeii auoue ?aceei, iiae/a?eeaaoueny, anee iiaeii, iaiau/iui ?aeo?nii, niacaiiinoueth e o.ae. Iii, eae oaea aiai?eeinue, i?eaeaeaao aieiaiea a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue.Iiaoi?yaiinoue, o.a. ioaeeeaoeey iaeiiai e oiai aea iauyaeaiey n caaeaiiie ia?eiaee/iinoueth. Yooaeoeaii ioaeeeiaaoue ia iaeii e oi aea iauyaeaiea, a “na?eae” - a caaeneiinoe io naciia ?aeeaie?iaaoue ?aciua oo?u, ii nio?aiyoue naie “oe?iaiiua eiinoaiou” - ?acia?, oeaao, aa?noeo, iauai oaenoa, aeecaei e o.ae. Yoi iaania/eaaao e iinoiyinoai oe?iaiiiai noeey, e ecaanoiia ?aciiia?acea, ii?ie aeaaea oieeaeueiinoue.Eiio?anoiinoue icia/aao, /oi ?aeeaiiia iineaiea ia aeieaeii eiie?iaaoue aeaaea naiua eo/oea ia?acoeu eee niaea?aeaoue caeinoaiaaiiua o eiieo?aioia iaoiaeee. Oaeia iiae?aaeaoaeuenoai oneeeaaao iiceoeeth eiieo?aioa e aoaeo oiai, eoi eaeao aneaae ca eeaea?aie.?acia? iauyaeaiey aua?ai a 1/2 iieinu, o.e. yoi aeinoaoi/ii caiaoiue ?acia?, /eoatho 40%.Anaai a n?aaeiai a ianyoe noieiinoue ?aeeaiu ninoaaeyao 256354 ?oa.A aeiiieiaiea e iniiaiie ?aeeaia eniieueciaaoue ia/aoioth ?aeeaio: eaeaiaea?e e aoeeaou - ecaeathony aieueoei oe?aaeii e ?ani?ino?aiythony aanieaoii n?aaee eeeaioia oe?iu, ?acaeathony iinaoeoaeyi ia aunoaaeao e y?ia?eao.picscalex100010009000003540000000000120000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02000220011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffc0ffffffe0000000c00100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 000050000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000000030000000000000000000000 0000Eaaeaeue ianyoe iaiaoiaeeii iiaen/eouaaoue:1. eiyooeoeeaio yooaeoeaiinoe ?aeeaiiiai ia?auaiey:Yi = picscalex100010009000003b60000000300170000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02200400051200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb6ffffffc0040000d60300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000d00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 fc014000050000001302fc01a70417000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0002 001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdd040000002d01010009000000 320a6a01ef01010000004e0001010f000000320a880384000500000041f6f5caee00ea00 c000a800fd00c0000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000 070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01020004000000 f001010003000000000000ffffff00000000 o 100%Aaea: N - eiee/anoai iieiaeeoaeueiuo ioeeeeia anaai,Aoe - ioaao oeaeaaie aoaeeoi?ee,Ei - eiyooeoeeaio yooaeoeaiinoe ioaaoa aoaeeoi?ee.2. iauee aeioiae a ?oaeyo:Iae = V x Oe - N o n ,V - eiee/anoai aueoiaaiuo oneoa ii ?aeeaia,Oe - noieiinoue aaeeieoeu oneoae,N - noieiinoue iaeiie ioaeeeaoeee,n - eiee/anoai ioaeeeaoeee.3. iieacaoaeue yooaeoeaiinoe ?aeeaiiiai ia?auaiey (?oaeue aeioiaeia ia ?oaeue cao?ao ia ?aeeaio)Iy = picscalex100010009000003e30000000300170000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02e00320071200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb6ffffffe0060000960300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000b00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402 fc014000050000001302fc01dc0617000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0002 001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdd040000002d0101000c000000 320a6a013000030000005678d600ea00a80014010c000000320a6a015f0403000000d1f5 6e000101a800c0000c000000320a88035a020300000043786e000101a800c00010000000 fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d010200 04000000f001010009000000320a6a013e03010000002d00d3000a00000026060f000a00 ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202225379 7374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001020003000000000000cc000000000000 0000Ana yoe iieacaoaee ?ann/eouaathony aaeaiany/ii eee aaeaeaa?oaeueii e a caaeneiinoe io ?acoeueoaoia ei??aeoe?oaony ?aeeaiiay aeayoaeueiinoue.Ii?aaeaeeoue nae/an eaeie o?iaaiue i?iaeaae auciaao aeaiiay ?aeeaiiay eiiiaiey o?oaeii. Iiieii ?aeeaiu, o?iaaiue i?iaeaae caaeneo io iiiaeo oaeoi?ia: iniaaiiinoae oiaa?a, aai oeaiu, yeiiiie/aneie neooaoeee a no?aia e o.ae.Aaciianiinoue e Yeieiae/iinoue i?iaeoa1.1 Io?aia o?oaeaIaania/aiea eiioi?oiuo oneiaee ?aaiou e naaaeaiea eieieioio aa?iyoiinoe aicaeaenoaey ia ?aaioathueoa?aaeiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oaeoi?ia – yoi caaea/e io?aiuo?oaea.Oeaeueth aiaeeca aaciianiinoe e yeieiae/iinoe aeeieiiiiai i?iaeoa yaeyaony aiaeec oneiaee o?oaea, iianiuo e a?aaeiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oaeoi?ia ia yoaia ?ac?aaioee e yenieoaoaoeee ?anniao?eaaaiiai i?aaei?eyoey e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii caueoa io aicaeaenoaee oaeoi?ia, ieacuaathueo aeeyiea ia caei?iauea iieueciaaoaeae e eeeaioia e ianoueo a?aae aeey ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu.A ?anniao?eaaaiie oe?ia iieueciaaoaee e eeeaiou iiaoo iiaeaa?aaoueny aicaeaenoaeth neaaeothueo iianiuo e a?aaeiuo oaeoi?ia:1. Ii?aaeaieth yeaeo?e/aneei oieii aneaaenoaea:- eniieueciaaiey yeaeo?iiaeni?aaiiai iai?oaeiaaiey;- ia?ooaiey cacaieaiey;- ianiaethaeaiey oaoieee aaciianiinoe.2. Aicaeaenoaeth yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo iieae.3. Aicaeaenoaeth ooia.4. Iaaeinoaoeo eee ia?aaiiia?iinoe inaauaiey.5. Ia?ooaieth iee?ieeeiaoa, iiae /ai iiieiaaony iiauoaiiay caiueaiiinoue aicaeooa, iiauoaiiay eee iiieaeaiiay aeaaeiinoue, iiauoaiiay eee iiieaeaiiay oaiia?aoo?a aicaeooa.6. Aicaeaenoaeth ?acee/iuo aeaeia eceo/aiee.Ana auoaia?a/eneaiiua oaeoi?u aeieaeiu niioaaonoaiaaoue naieoa?iui ii?iai e i?aaeeai NaiIeI2.2.2.542 – 96. [11]I?iecaiaenoaaiiua iaoai?ieiae/aneea oneiaey.I?iecaiaenoaaiiay naieoa?ey – yoi nenoaia i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo ia?ii?eyoee e oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa, i?aaeioa?auathueo eee oiaiueoathueo aicaeaenoaea ia ?aaioathueo a?aiaeuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oaeoi?ia.Iniiaiuie oaeoi?aie , oa?aeoa?ecothueie naieoa?ii-aeaeaie/aneoth ianoaiiaeo ia i?iecaiaenoaa, yaeythony: iaoai?ieiae/aneea oneiaey a iiiauaieyo ia ?aai/eo ianoao, inaauaiea ?aai/eo iano, iaee/ea a?aaeiuo aauanoa a aicaeooa ?aai/ae ciiu, ?acia?u ieiuaaee e iauaia iiiauaiee ia iaeiiai ?aaioathuaai e ae?.Iaoai?ieiae/aneea oneiaey a i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iiiauaieyo ii?aaeaeytho oaieiiaiai i?aaiecia /aeiaaea n ie?oaeathuae n?aaeie, eioi?ue caaeneo io neaaeothueo oaeoi?ia:- oaiia?aoo?u aicaeooa- ioiineoaeueiie aeaaeiinoe aicaeooa- nei?inoe ia?aiauaiey aicaeooiuo iann- eo/enoiai oaiey.Iaoai?ieiae/aneea oneiaey ia i?iecaiaenoaa aeieaeiu oaeiaeaoai?youe o?aaiaaieyi “Naieoa?iuo ii?i i?iaeoe?iaaiey i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee” a eioi?uo n o/aoii oa?aeoa?a auiieiyaiie ?aaiou ii?ie?othony ia?aiao?u aicaeooiie n?aaeu a ?aai/ae ciia.1.2. I?aaiecaoeey ?aaiou ioena.Ioen i?aaeiacia/ai aeey yooaeoeaiie ?aaiou nio?oaeieeia oe?iu , ianeoaeeaaiey eeeaioia.?acia?u iiiauaiey ninoaaeytho 40 i. Aeaiiina iiiauaiea iniauaii 6 eiiithoa?aie, oaee-na?aa?ii e 2 oeeo?iauie iiaeaiaie, 2 oaeneieeueiuo aiia?aoa e 2 ena?iena.Ii noaiaie ii?aaeaiey yeaeo?e/aneei oieii iiiauaiea eeanneoeoee?oaony eae iiiauaiea aac iiauoaiiie iianiinoe (nooia, n ii?iaeueiie oaiia?aoo?ie aicaeooa, eciee?othueie iieaie, eiathuaa iaaieueoia eiee/anoai cacaieaiiuo i?aaeiaoia).A yoii iiiauaiee ia o?aaoaony aeiiieieoaeueiuo ia? caueou io ii?aaeaiey yeaeo?e/aneei oieii. Ieoaiea iai?oaeiaaiey i?iecaiaeeony io iaeiioaciie naoe ia?aiaiiiai oiea n iai?yaeaieai 220 A e /anoioie 50 Aoe.Ii ac?uaiiianiinoe iiiauaiea ia eeanneoeoee?oaony , o.e. ie a ?aaeiiaeueiii, ie a aaa?eeiii ?aaeeiao ac?uaiiianiay nianue ia?aciaaoueny ia iiaeao.Inaauaiea iiiauaiey neeaaeuaaaony ec anoanoaaiiiai e eneonnoaaiiiai. A iiiauaiee eiaaony o?e ieiiiuo i?iaia, ?aniieiaeaiiuo aa?oeeaeueii ?aai/ae iiaa?oiinoe e auoiaeyueo ia ainoi/ioth noi?iio, anoanoaaiiue naao ec naaoiauo i?iaiia iaaeaao naieo , /oi niioaaonoaoao o?aaiaaieyi NaiIeI i.8.1.1.[10]Aeaiiia iiiauaiea oa?aeoa?ecoaony iaaieueoei aeeaiaciiii eieaaaiee oaiia?aoo?u, ii?iaeueiie aeaaeiinoueth(40-60%) e caiueaiiinoueth.1.3. Iee?ieeeiaoe/aneea oneiaey a iiiauaiee.Caa?yciaiiinoue aicaeooa cia/eoaeueii nieaeaao aania?aaieioth e iaaeaaeioth ?aaioo oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa.Ia?aiauathuayny a i?ino?ainoaa iueue iaeaaeaao yeaeo?e/aneei ca?yaeii e i?eeeiaao e ethaie iiaa?oiinoe. Iiae aa aicaeaenoaeai eciaiythony oece/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee iaoa?eaeia iineoaeae eioi?iaoeee, iueeiee iiaoo aucaaoue iaiieaaeee a iaeiieoaeyo ia aeeneao e ae?oaeo ono?ienoaao. Iueue, eiathuay a naiai ninoaaa neeueiue yeaeo?ieeo , iiaeiuaao aieueoia eiee/anoai aeaae ec aicaeooa, e i?e yoii ia iiaa?oiinoe yeaiaioia iiaeao ia?aciaaoueny ieaiea ec yeaeo?ieeoe/aneiai ?anoai?a, nieaeathuay ?aaioiniiniaiinoue.Iiyoiio aicaeoo, iinooiathuee a iiiauaiea , aeieaeai niaea?aeaoue i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeioth eiioeaio?aoeeth iuee.Aeey iiaeaea?aeaiey aeiionoeiuo ii?i caiueaiiinoe eniieueciaaiu no?ieoaeueiua, ecieyoeeiiiua e ioaeaei/iua iaoa?eaeu, eioi?ua ia auaeaeytho iueue. Eaaeaeue aeaiue a iiiauaiee aeaeaaony aeaaeiay oai?ea, /oi nieaeaao aa?iyoiinoue iaeiieaiey iuee. Aaioeeyoeey aeieaeia nicaeaaaoue ia ?aai/eo ianoa, a ?aai/ae e ianeoaeeaaaiie ciiao iiiauaiee iaoai?ieiae/aneea oneiaey e /enoioo aicaeooiie n?aaeu , niioaaonoaothuea aeaenoaothuei naieoa?iui ii?iai.A iiiauaieyo n aeeeoaeueiui i?aauaaieai ethaeae e a iiiauaieyo, aaea o?aaoaony iiaeaea?aeaiea ii?aaeaeaiiie oaiia?aoo?u a oieiaeiue ia?eiae aiaea, ono?aeaathony ioiieoaeueiua nenoaiu. Nenoaiu ioiieaiey aeieaeiu ioaa/aoue o?aaiaaieyi aeaenoaothueo naieoa?iuo ii?i, no?ieoaeueiuo ii?i e noaiaea?oia NNOA. Oaieiniaaaeaiea ioaeaeueiuo caeaiee eee a?oii caeaiee, iai?oaeoaiuo nenoaiaie oeaio?aeueiiai ioiieaiey, i?aaeoniao?eaaaony io oaieiaie naoe.1.4. Aicaeaenoaea ooia e aea?aoeee.Aeey oeo/oaiey aeonoe/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee iiiauaiey , neaaeoao i?eiaiyoue neaaeothuea ia?u: iiaeaaeyoue ooi eee caoee, i?enoonoaea eioi?uo ia aeaeaoaeueii, a oaeaea ?aaiiia?ii ?ani?aaeaeyoue caoeiaoth yia?aeth, /oiau o?iaaiue caoeiaiai aeaaeaiey ia i?aauoae aeiionoeiiai o?iaiy.Enoi/ieeaie ooia a iiiauaiee ioena yaeythony ono?ienoaa YAI:1) aeaeaaoaee aioo?aiiaai aaioeeyoi?a YAI;2) aeeneiaiaeu.Ooi, i?iecaiaeeiue aaioeeyoi?ii, iiaeii eeanneoeoee?iaaoue eae iinoiyiiue, a ooi aeeneiaiaea, eae -eiioeueniua.I?e auiieiaiee iniiaiie ?aaiou ia YAI o?iaaiue ooia ia ?aai/ai ianoa ia i?aauoaao 50 aeAA a niioaaonoaee n [10]. Aeey oiaiueoaiey ooiiaiai aicaeaenoaey, i?e ioaeaeea ioena eniieueciaaii niaoeeaeueiay ooiiiiaeauathuay noaiiaay iaeeoeiaea e niaoeeaeueiia iaiieueiia iie?uoea.1.5. Inaauaiiinoue iiiauaiey.Io ninoiyiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai inaauaiey a iiiauaieyo ia ?aai/eo ianoao a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie caaenyo aaciianiinoue o?oaea, i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue o?oaea e ea/anoai.Niaeanii NaiIeI 2.2.2.542-96 [10] auiieiaiu neaaeothuea o?aaiaaiey e inaauaieth iiiauaiee e ?aai/eo iano:1) Eneonnoaaiiia inaauaiea a iiiauaieyo yenieoaoaoeee YAI inouanoaeyaony nenoaiie iauaai ?aaiiia?iiai inaauaiey.2) Eneonnoaaiiia inaauaiea iaania/eaaao ia ?aai/eo ianoao YAI inaauaiiinoue ia ieaea ii?ie?oaiuo cia/aiee.3) Ia?aie/aia i?yiay aeaneinoue io enoi/ieeia inaauaiey , i?e yoii y?einoue naaoyueony iiaa?oiinoae (ieia, naaoeeueieee e ae?.), iaoiaeyueony a iiea c?aiey ia aieaa 200 eae/i.4) Ia?aie/aia ia?aaiiia?iinoue ?ani?aaeaeaiey y?einoe a iiea c?aiey iieueciaaoaey YAI, i?e yoii niioiioaiea y?einoe iaaeaeo ?aai/eie iiaa?oiinoyie ia i?aauoaao 3:1 – 5:1, a iaaeaeo ?aai/eie iiaa?oiinoyie e iiaa?oiinoyie noai e iai?oaeiaaiey 10:1.5) ss?einoue naaoeeueieeia iauaai inaauaiey a ciia oaeia eceo/aiey io 50 a?aae. aei 90 a?aae. N aa?oeeaeueth a i?iaeieueiie e iiia?a/iie ieineinoyo ninoaaeyao ia aieaa 200 eae/i, caueoiue oaie naaoeeueieeia aeieaeai auoue ia iaiaa 40 a?aae.6) Iiiauaiea eiaao anoanoaaiiia e eneonoaaiiia inaauaiea. Anoanoaaiiia inaauaiea inouanoaeyaony /a?ac naaoii?iaiu, ieiuaaeue eaaeaeiai ninoaaeyao 2,55 i e iaania/eaaao eiyooeoeeao anoanoaaiiie inaauaiiinoe ia iaiaa 1,5%. Ieiuaaeue ia iaeii ?aai/aa ianoi n YAI ninoaaeyao ia iaiaa 6 i , a iauai ia iaiaa 20 i. Iiaa?oiinoue iiea a iiiauaiee ?iaiay . aac auaiei, ianeieueceay, oaeiaiay aeey i/enoee e aeaaeiie oai?ee, iaeaaeaao aioenoaoe/aneeie naienoaaie, /oi niioaaonoaoao ii?iai .1.7 I?ioeaiiiaea?iay aaciianiinoue.Iiaea?iay iianiinoue i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iiiauaiee ii?aaeaeyaony iniaaiiinoyie auiieiyaiiai a ieo oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna.Aeey aeaiiiai iiiauaieye eaoaai?ey ac?uaiiianiinoe iiaea?iie iianiinoe –A, oae eae eniieuecothony o?oaeiiai?th/ea oaa?aeua aauanoaa e iaoa?eaeu, a oae aea aauanoaa e iaoa?eaeu, niiniaiua i?e acaeiiaeaenoaee n aiaeie, eenei?iaeii aicaeooa eee ae?oaii oieueei ai?aoue.A YAI auniea ieioiinoue ?aciauaiey yeaiaioia yeaeo?iiiuo noai. A iaiin?aaenoaaiiie aeecinoe ae?oa io ae?oaa ?aniieaaathony niaaeeieoaeueiua i?iaiaea, eiiioieeaoeeiiiua eaaaee. I?e i?ioaeaiee ii iei yeaeo?e/aneiai oiea auaeaeyaony cia/eoaeueiia eiee/anoai oaieiou, /oi iiaeao i?eaanoe e iiauoaieth oaiia?aoo?u, iieaaeaieth i?iaiaeia e, eae neaaenoaea, ei?ioeia caiueaiea, nii?iaiaeaeathuaany ai?aieai.Aeey ioaiaea ecauoi/iinoe oaieiou io YAI neoaeao nenoaiu aaioeeyoeee e eiiaeeoeeiie?iaaiey aicaeooa. Iaeiaei iie i?aaenoaaeytho aeiiieieoaeueioth iiaea?ioth iianiinoue, oae eae iaania/eaatho iiaea/o eenei?iaea-ieeneeoaey, a i?e aicieeiiaaiee iiaea?a auno?i ?ani?ino?aiytho iaiiue e i?iaeoeou ai?aiey ii anai iiiauaieyi e ono?ienoaai, n eioi?ui naycaiu aicaeooiioaiaeu.Iai?yaeaiea e yeaeo?ionoaiiaeai iiaeaaony ii eaaaeueiui eeieyi, eioi?ua i?aaenoaaeytho iniaoth iiaea?ioth iianiinoue. Iaee/ea ai?th/aai ecieyoeeiiiiai iaoa?eaea, aa?iyoiuo enoi/ieeia a aeaea yeaeo?e/aneeo ene?, ?acaaoaeaiiinoue e o?oaeiiaeinooiiinoue aeaeatho eaaaeueiua eeiee ianoii iaeaieaa aa?iyoiiai aicieeiiaaiey e ?acaeoey iiaea?a.Ia?u ii i?ioeeaeoeea caai?aiee:A) eiio?ieue ca oaiia?aoo?ie iai?oaeiaaiey;A) iaee/ea ia?ae/iuo n?aaenoa oooaiey;A) i?eiaiaiea aaoiiaoe/aneeo i?aaeio?aieoaeae;A) iiaea?iay neaiaeecaoeey;Ae) ieai yaaeoaoeee e aeaenoaey ianeoaeeaathuaai ia?niiaea i?e iiaea?a.I?e aicieeiiaaiee iiaea?a iaiaoiaeeii eniieueciaaoue ia?ae/iua n?aaenoaa caueou, iai?eia?, eniieuecotho oeie/aneia oi?iiaeaiea ?aaeoeee ai?aiey – oaeaeeneue aac (NI ). Iaiaaaneoaeueiay eiioeaio?aoeey aaciia?aciie eeneiou ia iaiaa 30% iauaia caueoiiai iiiauaiey. Oae aea eniieuecothony iiaea?iua e?aiu, ?aniieaaathueany ia caiaoiuo e aeinooiiuo ianoao.A aeaiiii iiiauaiee ana ia?u ii i?ioeaiiiaea?iie aaciianiinoe niaethaeaiu.1.8 Yeieiae/iinoue i?iaeoa.A oeaeii ii no?aia au?aaioea 1eAo// yeaeo?iyia?aee aucuaaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue aua?ineoue a ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo 92 a iooiaeia, a oii /enea a aicaeoo 58a, a ioaaeu – 30a, a i?e?iaeiua aiaeiaiu - 4a. Yoi naycaii n oai, /oi iniiaiay aeiey yeaeo?iyia?aee a no?aia au?aaaouaaaony ia aeae?i- e ia aoiiiuie yeaeo?inoaioeeyie, a oaieiauie, eniieuecothueie a ea/anoaa oiieeaa oaieue , iaooai?iaeoeou e , a iaeiaiueoae noaiaie, i?e?iaeiue aac. Iiyoiio i?eciaii , /oi ii oaeaeueiiio aano aua?inia a aoiinoa?o oaieiyia?aaoeea i?i/ii caieiaao iaeii ec ia?auo iano n?aaee iniiaiuo caa?ycieoaeae.I?e ?aaioa YAI iio?aaeytho ii?aaeaeaiiia eiee/anoai yeaeo?iyia?aee, /oi anoanoaaiii neacuaaaony ia yeieiaee. Yeiiiiey iaeiiai eAo// iicaieyao oiaiueoeoue iooiaeu i?iecaiaenoaa i?e au?aaioea yeaeo?iyia?aee ia 40 a. Oaeaea oiaiueoaaony aua?in na?u a aoiinoa?o.A ?anniao?eaaaiii ioena 6 eiathueony eiiiuethoa?ia aoaeoo yenieoaoe?iaaoueny a aeaiue a n?aaeiai ii 9 /ania, a oa/aiea eaaeaeiai /ana YAI iio?aaeyao 0,5 eAO// yia?aee. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, aaeaaeiaaii iio?aaeyaony 27 eAO// yia?aee.O/eouaay auoa neacaiiia, noiia?iia eiee/anoai i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iooiaeia ninoaaeyao 92o27=2,48 ea a aeaiue (2,48o260=645,8 ea a aiae) ec ieo a aicaeoo 58o29=1,56 ea aaeaaeiaaii (1,56o260=405 ea aaeaaiaeii).Yeieiae/aneia aicaeaenoaea oo?ecia.A i?ioeanna oo?enoneie aeayoaeueiinoe iaecaaaeii i?ienoiaeeo eciaiaiea ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu .a ianoiyuaa a?aiy i?iaeaiu io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu e aa oeo/oaiey caieiatho aaaeiia ianoi ai iiiaeo enneaaeiaaieyo. ?aiaa enneaaeiaaiey ii aiaeeco oo?enoneie aeayoaeueiinoe oaeaeyeinue iaei aieiaiey, aea e oi ?anniao?eaaee aicaeaenoaea oo?ecia oieueei a ii?aaeaeaiiuo oi/eao caiiiai oa?a eee aicaeaenoaea ioaeaeueiuo aai aeaeia.Aicaeaenoaea oo?ecia ia ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo iiaeao auoue i?yiui, einaaiiui e iiaoaeeoaeueiui, a oaeaea iieiaeeoaeueiui e io?eoeaoaeueiui. Oo?eci ia iiaeao ?acaeaaoueny aac acaeiiaeaenoaey n ie?oaeathuae n?aaeie, iaeiaei n iiiiuueth oi?aaeaiey ?acaeoeai oo?ecia e /aoeiai ieaie?iaaiey, aiciiaeii oiaiueoeoue iaaaoeaiia aicaeaenoaea e oaaee/eoue iieiaeeoaeueiia.Iieiaeeoaeueiia aicaeaenoaea iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai oo?ecia aeeth/aao: io?aio e ?anoaa?aoeeth enoi?e/aneeo iaiyoieeia, nicaeaiea iaoeeiiaeueiuo ia?eia e caiiaaaeieeia, caueoo aa?aaia e ?eoia, nio?aiaiea eania e o.ae.Iaeiaei ai iiiaeo ?acaeaathueony no?aiao ia i?aaei?eieiaeinue ieeaeeo oaaia aeey caueou e nio?aiaiey i?e?iaeu ec-ca ionoonoaey iaiaoiaeeiuo oeiainiauo n?aaenoa, a iieo/aiiua io oo?ecia aeioiaeu ia?aea/eaaeenue a ae?oaea, i?ei?eoaoiua noa?u, n/eoaaoeany yeiiiie/anee aieaa auaiaeiuie.I?e ioeaiea aeeyiey oo?ecia ia i?e?iaeo aaaeii oaeaea, n eaeie oi/ee c?aiey iia aaaeaony: aaaeue oi, /oi n/eoaaony iieiaeeoaeueiui n oi/ee c?aiey, iiaeao ieacaoueny iaaaoeaiui n oi/ee c?aiey ianoiuo aeeoaeae.Iaaaoeaiua aicaeaenoaey oo?ecia, e niaeaeaieth, /anoi aa?oo aa?o iaae iieiaeeoaeueiuie . A /anoiinoe , yoi aicaeaenoaea ia ea/anoai aiaeu a ?aeao, ii?yo, ica?ao e ia ea/anoai aicaeooa ec-ca i?eiaiaiey o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa n aeaeaaoaeyie aioo?aiiaai nai?aiey ia ianeyiii oiieeaa; ooi io aeayoaeueiinoe ?aciuo ?acaeaeaoaeueiuo caaaaeaiee; oie/oiaeaiea ianoiie e aeeeie oaoiu oo?enoaie, ?acaeeaathueie eino?u; ?ac?ooaiea enoi?e/aneeo iaiyoieeia aaiaeaeaie, inoaaeythueie ia ieo iaaeiene, e o.ae.Iieeoeea no?ieoaeuenoaa iiauo ainoeie/iuo eiiieaenia e eio?ano?oeoo? aaeieue iiaa?aaeuey, iniaaiii a 70-a aiaeu, io?eoeaoaeueii iiaeeyaoay ia i?e?iaeioth n?aaeo, a iineaaeiea aiaeu noaea iaaeooaeueia. A iaeioi?uo no?aiao i?eiaiythony ia?aie/aiey ia no?ieoaeuenoai caeaiee a iaiin?aaenoaaiiie aeecinoe e ii?th, iai?eia? a Eiaeee, eee ia no?ieoaeuenoai iauaeoia auoa iaeueiiauo aea?aaueaa, iai?eia? a Iaa?eoaiee.Oae eae a oo?enoe/aneie noa?a oiio?aaeyaony i?iaeoeoeey iiiaeo ae?oaeo io?aneae, i?yii ia i?iecaiaeyueo oo?enoneee i?iaeoeo, aicaeaenoaea eo ia ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo oaeaea neaaeoao o/eouaaoue.Iieeoeea ii caueoa ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu aeieaeia auoue iaoeaeaia ia aeieain?i/iue ia?eiae aeey iaania/aiey i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe oo?enoneie aeayoaeueiinoe. Iaeiaei iiiaea, iniaaiii ?acaeaathueany no?aiu, eaii?e?otho yoi, i?aaeii/eoay eiiia?/aneoth e oeiainiaoth nethieiooioth auaiaeo.Aeey ioeaiee aeeyiey ia ie?oaeathuoth i?e?iaeioth n?aaeo i?eiyou ?aciua iiaeaee. A iaeioi?uo oo?enoneeo ianoao neaai aeaenoaotho ii?iaoeaiua aeou, a i?e?iaeiio?aiiua neoaeau i?aeoe/anee ionoonoaotho. Iaeiaei ionoonoaea ii?iaoeaiie aacu, iaania/eaathuae caueoo ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, ia aeieaeii inoaiiaeoue i?ioeann ieaie?iaaiey ?acaeoey oo?ecia. Niaoeeaeenou a yoie iaeanoe aeieaeiu i?iaiaeeoue nianoaaiioth ioeaieo aicaeaenoaey ia n?aaeo. Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi caueoa ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu yaeyaony aieaa i?inoie e aeaoaaie ia?ie, /ai eni?aaeaiea iaianaiiiai a?aaea a aoaeouai.Iieeoeea ?acaeoey oo?ecia n o/aoii yeieiae/aneiai aicaeaenoaey noaiiaeony ana aieaa aeooaeueiie, e AOI i?aaeeiaeeea iiiai i?ia?aii ii io?aia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu.?ani?aaeaeaiea caeacia ii enoi/ieeai1) Oo?eci e ioaeuo. Iniiaiie iioie eeeaioia a oe?io i?ienoiaeeo aeaaiaea?y ?aeeaia, aeaaaaiie a aeo?iaea “Oo?eci e ioaeuo”. Yoi niaoeeaeece?iaaiiue aeo?iae, ia/aoathuee eioi?iaoeeth oieueei i oo?enoe/aneeo oneoaao, auoiaeyuee ?ac a aeaa iaaeaee. Ia aai no?aieoeao iiaeii iaeoe i?aaeeiaeaiey iineianeeo oo?enoe/aneeo aaaionoa: i no?aiao, oo?ao e oeaiao, eo aae?ana e oaeaoiiu. Ec anao ecaeaiee ia/aoathueo oaeiai ?iaea eioi?iaoeeth, “Oo?eci e ioaeuo” yaeyaony iaeaieaa eiiiaoaioiui e iiioey?iui n?aaee ianaeaiey, o.e. iaeaieaa oe?iei e oi/ii ?ane?uaaao niaeo?, i?aaeinoaaeyaiuo oneoa.2) Iinoiyiiue eeeaio. Eaoaai?ey oo?enoia, iieuecothuayny oneoaaie aeaiiiai aaaionoaa aieueoa iaeiiai ?aca. Nuacaeea iaeei ?ac /a?ac oe?io e, inoaaoenue aeiaieueiuie iiacaeeie eeeaiou i?aaeii/eoatho naeaeaoue (caeacaoue) neaaeothuaa iooaoanoaea a yoii aea aaaionoaa, o.e. iii oaea yaeyaony “i?iaa?aiiui”. Iaeioi?ua eeeaiou i?eaaaatho e oneoaai iaeiiai e oiai aea aaaionoaa ii/oe eaaeaeue ianyoe, oiaaea iie oaea ia?aoiaeyo a eaoaai?eth VIP e e iei ia/eiatho i?eiaiyoue iniaua oi?iu ianeoaeeaaiey. Iie iieuecothony any/aneeie eueaioaie e eaaeaeue ?ac i?e iieo/aiee iaeaoa aeieoiaioia aeey iiacaeee iieo/atho noaaie?u e iiaea?ee io oe?iu.3) Ciaeiiua. Eaoaai?ey eeeaioia, eioi?ua ia?auathony a aaaionoai ii ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ae?ocae eee ?iaenoaaiieeia. I/aiue /anoi iinoiyiiua eeeaiou ?aeiiaiaeotho ethaeiia aaaionoai naiei ae?ocueyi eee aaeoo aianoa n ieie.4) Auaanea. I?eiaiyy ia?oaeioth ?aeeaio e oeacaoaee ia oeeoeao e i?e oaea/iii eo ?aniieiaeaiee, iiaeii i?eaea/ue iaiaei eeeaioia a aaaionoai. Eae i?aaeei oaeea eeeaiou , oaeaeaaauaaneo, nia/aea caoiaeyo ociaoue i iaee/ee oiai eee eiiai oo?a e i aai oeaia e i?e i?aaeeueiie i?aaiecaoeee ?aaiou nio?oaeieeia oe?iu caeioa?aniaaaoeeny eeeaio iaycaoaeueii aa?iaony ca iieoieie oo?a.5) Eioa?iao. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy, ana aieueoa ethaeae, i?aaeii/eoatho ociaaaoue eioi?iaoeeth ethaiai ?iaea ia auoiaey ec aeiia eee ?aaiou. Yoi aiciiaeii naeaeaoue i?e iiiiue eiiiuethoa?a e anaie?iie naoe Eioa?iao, aaea iiaeii ii/a?iiooue eioi?iaoeeth ia ethaoth oaio. Aieueoeinoai oo?enoe/aneeo aaaionoa eiatho naie WEB- no?aieoeu ia eioi?uo ?aciauaaony iaeaieaa naaaeay e iiae?iaiay eioi?iaoeey i oe?ia, aa aeayoaeueiinoe, i?aaeinoaaeyaiuo oneoaao, iaee/ea iano e oeaiao ia oo?-i?iaeoeou. ?aciauaiea eioi?iaoeee ia no?aieoeao Eioa?iaoa oaeiaii aua e oai, /oi eeeaio iiaeao nio?aieoue ethaoth caeioa?aniaaaooth aai eioi?iaoeeth a naiai eiiiuethoa?a eee ?ania/aoaoue aa, /oi au aa?iooueny e iae a ethaia ioaeiia aeey iaai a?aiy. Oi?ioi ioi?ieaiiay no?aieoea yaeyaony i/aiue neeueiui ?aeeaiiui oaaii.6) Ae?oaia. Oae aea nouanoaoao iiiaeanoai ae?oaeo aeaeia ?ani?ino?aiaiey eioi?iaoeee ia aaaionoaa:*ia/aoiua ecaeaieyAiyae, Aiyae e ioaeuo, Yeno?a I e o.ae.*ni?aai/ieee* ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ae?oaeo aaaonoa*?acee/iua eeoau (eeoa AE EAEI) *iaaaceiu (Iiaia?aaoneee) *iinieuenoaa *aaeaeiiiaiee *eioi?iaoeeiiii ni?aai/iua neoaeau (E?aniue oaeaoii)

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