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Символ, метафора, аллегория как выразительные средства в режиссуре театрализованных массовых представлений

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Iiaineae?neee iaeanoiie eieeaaeae eoeueoo?u e eneonnoa

?aaeenna?neia ioaeaeaiea

Aeeieiiiay ?aaioa

OAIA: Neiaie, iaoaoi?a, aeeaai?ey eae

au?aceoaeueiua n?aaenoaa a ?aaeenno?a

oaao?aeeciaaiiuo ianniauo i?aaenoaaeaiee.

Iiaineae?ne, 2000

Iiaineae?neee iaeanoiie eieeaaeae eoeueoo?u e eneonnoa

?aaeenna?neia ioaeaeaiea

Aeeieiiiay ?aaioa

OAIA: «Oeieueiue ?iiai»

Oaao?aeeciaaiiue aa/a?, iinayuaiiue

thaeeath o/eoaey

iao/iue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue:

Aieaoiia Aeeoi? Ieeieaaae/

nooaeaio 36 a?oiiu:

Neaei?ia Ieaa Ieeieaaae/

Iiaineae?ne, 2000

Niaea?aeaiea

Ieai aeeieiiiie ?aaiou……………………….3

Oaia oai?aoe/aneie /anoe………………………4

Ieai oai?aoe/aneie /anoe……………………5

Aaaaeaiea……………………………………6

Iniiaiay /anoue……………………………..7

Caeeth/aiea…………………………………17

Oaia i?aeoe/aneie /anoe……………………..18

Iainiiaaiea auai?a oaiu……………………19

Eaeaeii-oaiaoe/aneay iniiaa…………………20

Noeaia?iue ieai………………………………. 21

I?ieia…………………………………………..22

1-5 yieciaeu……………………………………..22-31

Iiioaaeiue Eeno……………………………….

Noeaiia?aoey……………………………………

Nienie eniieuecoaiie eeoa?aoo?u…………….32

OAIA: Neiaie, iaoaoi?a, aeeaai?ey eae

au?aceoaeueiua n?aaenoaa a ?aaeenno?a

oaao?aeeciaaiiuo ianniauo i?aaenoaaeaiee.

Ieai oai?aoe/aneie /anoe

Aaaeaiea: /oi oaeia naieioeea.

Iniiaiay /anoue:

Eniieueciaaiea neiaieia a ?aaeenno?a oaao?aeeciaaiiuo ianniauo
i?aaenoaaeaiee

a) iiiyoea neiaiea;

a) eniieueciaaiea neiaieia a ?aoaiee eaaeaeiai yieciaea i?aaenoaaeaiey;

a) eniieueciaaiea neiaieia a eoeueieiaoeee i?aaenoaaeaiey.

a) eniieueciaaiea neiaieia a caeeth/aiee ni c?eoaeai «oneiaee oneiaiiai»

ae) eniieueciaaiea neiaieia a ooaeiaeanoaaiiii ioi?ieaiee
oaao?aeeciaaiiiai ianniaiai i?aaenoaaeaiey.

Eniieueciaaiea iaoaoi?u a ?aaeenno?a oaao?aeeciaaiiuo ianniauo
i?aaenoaaeaiee:

a) oeiu iaoaoi?;

a) iaoaoi?a ioi?ieaiey;

a) iaoaoi?a iaioiieiu;

a) iaoaoi?a iecainoeaiu;

ae) iaoaoi?a a aeoa?neie ea?a.

Iiiyoea aeeaai?ee e aa eniieueciaaiea a ?aaeenno?a oaao?aeeciaaiiuo
ianniauo i?aaenoaaeaiee.

Caeeth/aiea

Eneonnoai anoue iaoiaeaeaiea ciaea,

niioaaonoaothuaai nouiinoe.

O. Aeaeuena?o.

Aaaaeaiea

XX aae – aae ioaeiieythuaai ?acaeoey iao/iie e iaiao/iie
(ooaeiaeanoaaiiie, ieeoeueoiie) iunee, ?ac?aaioie iiaaeoeo oaoiieiaee (a
oii /enea e eioi?iaoeeiiiuo). Naaiaeiy noaei i?eau/iui e ie o eiai oaea
ia aucuaaao oaeeaeaiea iiiaiia?acea nouanoaothueo oi?i ia?aaea/e
eioi?iaoeee, aeaaiui n?aaenoaii inouanoaeaiey eioi?uo yaeythony ciaee.

Ciaee oe?iei aioee a iaoo aeeciue e iu /anoi aini?eieiaai eo niune oae
aea iaiin?aaenoaaiii, eae neuoei caoee /oanoaoai caiaoe e o.i. (Enoaoe,
e caoee e caiaoe, a ii?aaeaeaiiuo ianoiyoaeuenoaao oiaea niiniaiu
auiieiyoue ?ieue ciaeia). Aiaoiee ie? ia?aiieiai ciaeaie, eo iiaeii
ano?aoeoue aoeaaeueii iianthaeo, iiyoiio anoanoaaiiui ia?acii aicieeea
iaiaoiaeeiinoue a eco/aiee e enneaaeiaaiee naienoa ciaeia e ciaeiauo
nenoai. Yoei e caieiaaony iaoea naieioeea.

Iia caoaaouaaao iaeanoue ciaiey iienoeia iaiauyoioth, enneaaeoy
naienoaa ciaeia a /aeiaa/aneii iauanoaa (aeaaiui ia?acii anoanoaaiiua e
eneonnoaaiiua ciaee, a oae aea iaeioi?ua yaeaiey eoeueoo?u e eneonnoaa),
i?e?iaea (eiiioieeaoeey a ie?a aeeaioiuo) eee a naiii /aeiaaea
(c?eoaeueiia e neooiaia aini?eyoea e ae?.). A iineaaeiaa a?aiy
iiyaeeenue iiiia?aoee i naieioeea oaao?a. Naieioeea oaao?a oaea
iinoaaeea ?yae aii?inia e iieacaea, /oi ciaeiainoue yaeyaony
ooiaeaiaioaeueiui naienoaii oaao?aeueiiai eneonnoaa.

Eioa?anai, a /anoiinoe, oaiiiai eeoaeneie eeanne/aneie iia?u. sscue
yoiai ae?aaiaai eneonnoaa ?aniieaaaao ?yaeii oaa?aei onoaiiaeaiiuo
ciaeia ie?anea eeoe aeoa?ia, iaioiieia e ae?. Anee yoe ciaee ia
inaieoue, oi ca niaeoaeeai o?oaeii aoaeao neaaeeoue. Oae, aeoa?, eeoei
eioi?iai iie?uoi e?aniie e?aneie, aeieaeai aucuaaoue neiiaoeth, a aaeie
– aioeiaoeth. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, yoe ciaee aiooatho c?eoaeth ii?aaeaeaiiia
yiioeeiiaeueiia ninoiyiea. [3]

Naaiaeiy aiiaua ethaia noeaie/aneia i?iecaaaeaiea – yoi neiaeiay
nenoaia, aeeth/athuay a naay ?aciiia?aciua «ycuee», «eiaeu», «ciaee». A
aeey iiieiaiey ycuea ciaea o?aaothony ii?aaeaeaiiua eioaeeaeooaeueiua
oneeey. Auoue ianoiyuei c?eoaeai, ieacuaaaony, ia oae i?inoi. Eeoue oio,
eoi iiieiaao «a?aiioo» ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai oai?/anoaa, eiio aeinooiia
niaoeeoe/aneay ia?aciinoue, oaao?aeueiue ycue, iiaeao iacuaaoueny
c?eoaeai. Ooaeiaeanoaaiii ia?aciaaiiue c?eoaeue niiniaai aini?eieiaoue
i?aaenoaaeaiea eee ea?oeio ooaeiaeieea ia oieueei a
nthaeaoii-eeethno?aoeaiii ieaia, ii e ieaia, iaeaaeathuai niaa?oaiii
iniauie i?eaiaie au?aceoaeueiinoe. «Ooaeiaeanoaaiioth ia?aciaaiiinoue»
iaiaoiaeeii iiieiaoue ia eae ianuuaiea /aeiaaea eioi?iaoeeae ia
eneonnoaa, a eae i?eiauaiea aai e ie?o eneonnoaa iin?aaenoaii
oi?ie?iaaiey niiniaiinoe e oeaeinoiiio ooaeiaeanoaaiiiio aini?eyoeth e
iiieiaieth. Aniiiiei ea?oeio Ieeanni «Aai?eea». Iaaiciiaeii aeaoue /enoi
oi?iaeueiia aai iienaiea. Iiaeii aiai?eoue oieueei i yeaiaioao ea?oeiu,
eioi?ua a iiioaaeiii noieeiiaaiee aeatho iuouaiea eiie?aoiuo yaeaiee:
no?aaeaiey, ?ac?ooaiey, oaina. Any ea?oeia iino?iaia ii/oe ia iaeieo
neiaieao ia eo iiioaaea. [3]

Iniiaiay /anoue

Aeey ae?aiaoo?aee eeoaiuo oaao?aeeciaaiiuo i?aaenoaaeaiee eiioeaioeey
ciaeiaiai oa?aeoa?a eneonnoaa oaeaea iaiau/ii iieacia. [3] A ianoiyuaa
a?aiy ooaeiaeanoaaiiua eieeaeoeau eeoaia euoo iiaua e aic?iaeaeatho
caauoua oi?iu oaao?aeeciaaiiuo i?aaenoaaeaiee. Iiyoe/aneia,
aeieoiaioaeueiia e oeeinioneia cao/aiea oaeeo i?aaenoaaeaiee o?aaoao io
?aaeenna?a ciaiey caeiiiia?iinoae eniieueciaaiey eiineacaoaeueiuo
au?aceoaeueiuo n?aaenoa e eo ioee/ey ae?oa io ae?oaa. I?e yoii aaaeoueie
au?aceoaeueiuie n?aaenoaaie, nicaeathueie iniaue ycue oaao?aeecaoeee,
aunooiatho neiaie, iaoaoi?a, aeeaai?ey, n iiiiuueth eioi?uo ?aaeenna?
nicaeaao a ianniauo i?aaenoaaeaieyo iieiie?iaiue e iiiaia?aiiue ie?
ynoaoe/aneeo oeaiiinoae. [1]

Neiaie a ia?aaiaea n a?a/aneiai icia/aao «ciae», i?e/ai ciae, iiiyoiue
oieueei ii?aaeaeaiiie a?oiia eeoe. (Iai?eia?, ciae ?uau aue o ia?auo
o?enoeai e neoaeee naiaia?aciui ia?ieai a oneiaeyo i?aneaaeiaaiey
o?enoeai ycu/ieeaie). Oae a i?ioeanna niaianoiie aeayoaeueiinoe e
iauaiey ii?aaeaeaiiuo a?oii ethaeae eee oeaeuo iauanoa au?aaaouaaeenue
oneiaiua ciaee, ca eioi?uie noaee i?aaeiaou, iunee eee eioi?iaoeey. [1]

Oieueei iiieiay niuneiaia niaea?aeaiea ciaea, iu iiaeai eniuouaaoue
yiioeeiiaeueiia aicaeaenoaea. Oae iaiinayuaiiiio a oaeinoaa ciaiaieouo
eiaeeeneeo noaooe iaaiciiaeii aoaeao ?acaaaeaoue niune o?aiiauo oaioeaa.
[1]

Aio /oi ienae Eoia/a?neee i neiaiea a naiae «Enoi?ee
caiaaeiiaa?iiaeneie eeoa?aoo?u a aa aaaeiaeoeo iiiaioao»: «*oi oaeia
neiaie? Neiaie a eneonnoaa – /?acau/aeii aaaeiia iiiyoea. Ooaeiaeiee
i/aiue aieueoie iauai /oanoa, eaeoth-ieaoaeue oe?i/aeooth eaeath,
eaeie-ieaoaeue ie?iaie oaeo, oi/ao ia?aaeaoue aai iaaeyaeii, ia?aaeaoue
ia?acii, /oanoaaiii, ia i?e iiiiue aano?aeoiie iunee, a a eaeii-oi
no?aoii eiie?aoiii, iaiin?aaenoaaiii aeaenoaothuai ia aaoa aiia?aaeaiea
ia?aca. Eae aea yoi naeaeaoue? Yoi iiaeii naeaeaoue, oieueei iiaeuneaa
oaeea ia?acu e ni/aoaiey ia?acia, eioi?ua iiaoo auoue eiie?aoii
i?aaenoaaeaiu a iaeioi?ie ea?oeia, ii cia/ao ai?acaei aieueoa oiai, /oi
iie iaiin?aaenoaaiii niaie i?aaenoaaeytho. Eiaaea, iai?eia?, Ynoee
aiai?eo aai, /oi Caan i?eeiaae e neaea I?iiaoay ca oi, /oi yoio /aeiaae,
neeoeii ioae?ue neeoeii iiiai i?iaeaeaaoee, oe?ae aeey naieo nia?aoueaa
iaiiue n iaaa e yoei naiui naeaeae eo niiniaiui i?ioeainoiyoue aiaai, –
au iiieiaaoa, /oi ieeaeiai I?iiaoay ia auei, eae ia auei e Caana, ii /oi
caeanue a ia?acao i?aaenoaaeaia aa/iay ai?ueaa /aeiaa/aneiai ?acoia ni
noeoeeiuie neeaie. ?acoi /aeiaaea aeaeaao oaoie/aneea caaiaaaiey,
ioe?uaaao oaeiu i?e?iaeu a iai?a?uaiie ai?ueaa, /?aaaoie aeey iaai
no?aaeaieyie e iianiinoyie. Ii /aeiaae ia oi/ao ioeacaoueny io i?aa
I?iiaoay – i?iaeaeoea, eai n yoei i?oaeeai ai?ueau a ?oeao, n iaiai
(oaoieea), ii ?ann/eouaaao ia iieioth iiaaaeo. Aio yoi iacuaaaony
neiaieii» [2]

A «Iiyoe/aneii neiaa?a» A. Eayoeianeiai neiaie ii?aaeaeyaony eae
«iiiaicia/iue, i?aaeiaoiue ia?ac, iauaaeeiythuee (naycothuee) niaie
?aciua ieaiu aini?iecaiaeeiie ooaeiaeieeii aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe ia iniiaa
eo nouanoaaiiie iauiinoe, ?iaenoaaiiinoe». Ioia/aaony i?enouaa neiaieo
iaoaoi?e/aneia ia/aei, «niaea?aeauaany e a iiyoe/aneeo o?iiao, ii a
neiaiea iii iaiaauaii aeoaieei caiuneii». Ioia/aaony e iauyniyaony
ei?aiiay /a?oa neiaiea – iiiaicia/iinoue: «iiiaicia/iinoue
neiaiee/aneiai ia?aca iaoneiaeaia oai, /oi ii n ?aaiui iniiaaieai iiaeao
auoue i?eeiaeai e ?acee/iui aniaeoai auoey». [2]

?aciiia?aciaeoea cia/aiey ciaeia-neiaieia ia cao/eaathony iaie, a
cae?aieythony ai iiiaeanoaa annioeeaoeee a i?ioeanna aeeciaiiie e
ooaeiaeanoaaiiie i?aeoeee.

Iaeioi?ua ooaeiaeieee iuoaeenue oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaoue ia
niuneiaoth, a /enoi annioeeaoeaioth naycue ciaea n c?eoaeueneei
aini?eyoeai. Oae, Aaoa aiai?ee, /oi aeaeeo a e?aniii oeaaoa
aeaai?iaenoai e na?ueaciinoue, a aeaeoii – aanaeia e iaaeiia
aicaoaeaeaiea, a aieoaii – ia/aeue. Nacaii – *oi ecaanoiuie
aaiiao?e/aneeie oeao?aie iiaeii eaaei aeiaeoueny iuouaiey oyaeanoe e
aeoaeiu. Ia ii?aaeaeaiiii aini?eyoee oeaaoa no?iee naith iocueo Ne?yaei.
[1]

Annioeeaoeey, oi anoue nicaeaiea a niciaiee /aeiaaea niuneiaie eee
yiioeeiiaeueiie ia?aeeaee i?ienoiaeyuaio yaeaieth, iaaieueiia caiauaiea
aai oaea ciaeiiui neiiieiii, canoaaeyao c?eoaey aeiiuneeoue oi, i /ai
oieueei cayaeaii, iaicia/aii. Io o?iaiy eioaeeaeoa, y?oaeeoeee e
aeeciaiiiai iiuoa ai iiiaii caaeneo ioeaiea i?ienoiaeyuaai.[1]

*anoi iiaoi?ythueany neiaieu, iaeaaeay eceeoiae aeinooiiinoueth, iiaoo
oo?aoeoue yiioeeiiaeueiinoue e i?aa?aoeoue a ooaii. Nicaeaiea iiauo
neiaieia – yoi ioe?uoea iiauo naycae iaaeaeo iiiyoeai e i?aaeiaoii.[1]

Neiaie i/aiue oanii naycai ni naieie «ninaaeyie» – iaoaoi?ie e
aeeaai?eae. I?e yoii aaaeii onoaiiaeoue e naycue, e, i?aaeaea anaai,
nouanoaaiiua ?acee/ey.

Neiaie, iiaeiaii aeeaai?ee e iaoaoi?a, ia?acoao naie iiaua cia/aiey ia
iniiaa oiai, /oi iu iuouaai ?iaenoai, naycue iaaeaeo oai i?aaeiaoii e
yaeaieai, eioi?ua iaicia/athony eaeei-oi neiaii, ciaeii, e ae?oaei
i?aaeiaoii eee yaeaieai, ia eioi?ia ia?aiinei yoi iaicia/aiea. [7]

Iaeiaei neiaie ei?aiiui ia?acii ioee/aaony e io aeeaai?ee, e io
iaoaoi?u. I?aaeaea anaai oai, /oi ii iaaeaeai ia?iiiui iiiaeanoaii
cia/aiee (ii nooe aeaea – iaen/eneeiui), e ana iie iioaioeeaeueii
i?enoonoaotho a eaaeaeii neiaiee/aneii ia?aca, eae au «i?inaa/eaay»
ae?oa neaicue ae?oaa. [7]

Oi?iaeueiia ioee/ea neiaiea e iaoaoi?u a oii, /oi iaoaoi?a nicaeaaony
eae au «ia iaoeo aeacao»: iu aeaeei, eaeea eiaiii neiaa, iiiyoey
niiinoaaeaiu, e iiyoiio aeiaaaeuaaainy eaeea eo cia/aiey naeeaeathony,
/oiau ii?iaeeoue o?aouea, iiaia. Neiaie iiaeao aoiaeeoue e
iaoaoi?e/aneia iino?iaiea, ii iii aeey iaai ia iaycaoaeueii.[7]

Aeaaioneee aeue noya a niaeoaeea Ioeiieiaa «Iieiaeay aaa?aeey» –
aeeaai?ey ?iaeeiu. Anooiay ai acaeiiaeaenoaea n iinooieaie e ai?ueaie
iieiaeiaaa?aeaeoeaa, ioaeathueo naie aeecie, /anoeoeu aeie e?iae ca
inaiaiaeaeaiea ?iaeeiu, iia nicaeaao aaeeeieaiiue ooaeiaeanoaaiiue ia?ac
niaeoaeey, aeiaaaey aai cao/aiea aei ?aaeenoe/aneiai neiaiea.[1]

Eoae, neiaie eae ciae, ?iaeaeathuee annioeeaoeeth – aaaeiia
au?aceoaeueiia n?aaenoai ?aaeenno?u. ?anniao?eaay a ea/anoaa i?aaeiaoa
?aaeenno?u eeoaii-ianniaoth ?aaioo, noeaia?ii-?aaeenna?nee
ia?aaaouaathuoth ?aaeueioth aeeciue, iiaeii ioiaoeoue iniaia cia/aiea
neiaiea e annioeeaoeee, oanii naycaiiuo n yoie ?aaeueiie aeeciueth,
aace?othueony ia iae e i?aa?auathueony a iaeaieaa ia?aie/aiiia aeey
eeoaiie oaao?aeecaoeee n?aaenoai ?aaeenno?u. Aiaeec yenia?eiaioa, iiuo
iicaieytho auaeaeeoue ianeieueei iooae eniieueciaaiey neiaieia e
annioeeaoeee, oa?aeoa?iuo aeey ?aaiou ?aaeenna?a a eeoaa:

a) a ?aoaiee eaaeaeiai yieciaea i?aaenoaaeaiey;

a) a eoeueieiaoeee i?aaenoaaeaiey;

a) a caeeth/aiee ni c?eoaeai «oneiaee oneiaiiai»;

a) a ooaeiaeanoaaiiii ioi?ieaiee oaao?aeeciaaiiiai ianniaiai
i?aaenoaaeaiey. [1]

1. E?oiiaeoee oaao?aeueiue ?aaeenna? e iaaeaaia A.A. Oianoiiiaia
i?iyaeye aieueoie eioa?an e iinoaiiaea oaao?aeeciaaiiuo i?aaenoaaeaiee e
i?acaeieeia ia noaaeeiiao e a eiioea?oiuo caeao. Ia?aciia ?aoaiea
aieueoeinoaa yieciaeia a yoeo i?aaenoaaeaieyo y?ei iiaeoaa?aeaeaao iunee
Oianoiiiaiaa ia iniiaiii i?eciaea nia?aiaiiiai noeey: «Eneonnoai
aiaoiaai i?aaaeiiiaeiaey oie?aao, aanue aai a?naiae au?aceoaeueiuo
n?aaenoa aeieaeai oeoe ia neii. Aicieeaao oaao? ae?oaie iiyoe/aneie
i?aaaeu, o?aaothuee iaeneiaeueiie i/euaiiinoe, oi/iinoe, eiie?aoiinoe
au?aceoaeueiuo n?aaenoa. Ethaia aeaenoaea aeieaeii ianoe a naaa
ia?iiioth niuneiaoth iaa?oceo, ia eeethno?aoeeth. Oiaaea eaaeaeay
aeaoaeue ia noeaia i?aa?aoeony a ?aaeenoe/aneee neiaie».[1]

Eniieueciaaiea neiaieia e annioeeaoeee a ?aoaiee eaaeaeiai yieciaea
i?aaenoaaeaiey iiiiaaao iiyoe/aneiio iniuneaieth ?aaeenna?ii ?aaeueiiai
aeeciaiiiai iaoa?eaea e nicaeaieth ia aai iniiaa ia?acii-iaoaoi?e/aneiai
no?iy ianniaiai oaao?aeeciaaiiiai aeaenoaey.[1]

Oaeia i?ae?aniia noeaie/aneia i?iecaaaeaiea O.A. Onoeiiaie, eae
«Eaooea». Oaia «Eaooee» – aa/iay oaia aieiu e ie?a. A iae ainiaaaaony
iiaeaea e ooaa?aeaeaaony eaeaae ie?iie aeecie. Ia noeaio aoeaaeueii
auieuaatho aeaaooee a aaeuo ieaoueyo. Eo oaiaoe – o?aaeeoeeiiiue aeey
?innee ?onneee ia?yaeiue oi?iaiae. Iu ciaai iiaeiaiua oi?iaiaeu oeia
«ooooee», «/aae ea?aeueneeo ica?». Aianoa n ia?acii eaaaaeooae aicieeaao
neiaie /enoiou e aicauoaiiie iiyoe/iinoe ?onneeo aeaaooae, ainiaouo a
noeoao e ianiyo, iocuea e oaioeao. A neaaeothuae noeaia, iiaanoaothuae i
ia/aea aieiu, iao ao?eaooia aa: ia iiyaeythony aeoea?iaoeu, ia neuoiu
auno?aeu e o.ae. Ia?ac a?aaa – iaiauaiiue, ii acyo ec ia?aciinoe
ia?iaeiiai oai?/anoaa – yoi ceua, eiaa?iua ei?ooiu. Eaooea, i?ee?uaay
eaaaaeooae, anooiaao a ia?aaiue aie n a?aaaie. Eiae/aneia caaa?oaiea
noeaiu – en/aciiaaiea ei?ooiia «noa?ouo» n eeoea caiee.[6]

A ea/anoaa i?eia?a eniieueciaaiey neiaiea a eaaeaeii yieciaea
i?aaenoaaeaiey iiaeii i?eaanoe niaeoaeeue iinoaaeaiiue III eo?nii i/iiai
ioaeaeaiey ?aaeenno?u (?oeiaiaeeoaeue Aa?aiiaa E.E.) ii i?iecaaaeaiey
Aeaieeea Oa?ina, aaea aeaaiaea?y neiaiee/aneiio iino?iaieth niaeoaeey,
ninoiyuaio ec eaneaaea iaoaoi?, aue iaeaeai ia?acii-iaoaoi?e/aneee no?ie
i?aaenoaaeaiey. Iiyaeaiea oaeiai iinoaiiai/iiai ?aoaiey iiaeaioiaeaii
iaiau/aeiinoueth naieo noeoia e ?anneacia Oa?ina.

A ioaeaeueiii aea eeth/a auei n?aaioaii i?aaenoaaeaiea iaoae a?oiiu ia
I eo?na iao/aiey. Yoi i?aaenoaaeaiea aeeth/aei a naay aieaa aeanyoea
yieciaeia, a eioi?uo aeaaiuie au?aceoaeueiuie n?aaenoaaie yaeeenue
eiaiii neiaie, iaoaoi?a e aeeaai?ey. Au?aceoue eaeath eaaeaeiai
ioaeaeueiiai yieciaea aiciiaeii auei oieueei i?e iiiiue ieanoeee,
iocuee, naaoa e ioi?ieaiey, oae eae ?aaeenna?ii A.I. Aieaoiiaui auea
iinoaaeaia ia?aae nooaeaioaie caaea/a i?eaeoiaoue ia?aciua ieieaoth?u
aac neia.

A eeoaiie ?aaeenno?a, eae iieacuaatho iiiai/eneaiiua iaaethaeaiey,
aeiiieieoaeueiui aaaeiui oneiaeai yaeyaony oi, /oi neiaie e annioeeaoeee
aeieaeiu auoue ia?ac?uaii naycaiu n ?aaeueiui aeeciaiiui iiuoii aeaiiie
eiie?aoiie iauiinoe ethaeae, ii?aaeaeyoueny eie. A i?ioeaiii neo/aa
neiaie e annioeeaoeee ia aoaeoo iiiyoiu o/anoieeai ianniaiai
aeaenoaey.[1]

2. I?e eniieueciaaiee neiaiea e annioeeaoeee a eoeueieiaoeee
i?aaenoaaeaiey neiaiee/aneia aeaenoaea iiaeaioaaeeaaaony e aeeeooaony
anai oiaeii i?aaenoaaeaiey, aai noeaia?iie eiaeeie. Oae a
oaao?aeeciaaiiii ieoeiaa eiioea?oa E.I.. Ooiaiia nicaeae aeaoiy ieaiaie
neiaiee/aneia iaiauaiea aeaoo noaeaa: auoiae ia noeaio yiiineie aeaaooee
Oenaei Iaaaoa – aea?oau aoiiiie eaoano?iou, aa ?anneac i o?aaaaeee
yiiineiai ia?iaea e auoiae ia noeaio iaoa?e Cie Einiiaeaiueyineie. Iaoue
Cie oe?uaaao Oenaei aaeie oaeueth. Aeaa ieaia niieioeenue, ia?acoy
niuneiaoth eiiaeiaoeeth. [1]

A oaao?aeeciaaiiii i?aaenoaaeaiee «ano?a/a ceiu», ?acua?aiiii
nooaeaioaie iaoae a?oiiu a Oeaio?aeueiii ia?ea eoeueoo?u e ioaeuoa a
eiioea iiya?y i?ioeiai aiaea, eoeueieiaoeeiiiue auiin ia noeaio ia?a
AEa?-ioeoeu neiaieece?iaae ia oieueei aeieaiaeaeaiiue i?eoiae ceiu, ii e
n/anouea, ?aaeinoue, aiaaonoai, i?eoiae anaai oiai, /oi o /aeiaaea
aucuaaao ?aaeinoiua /oanoaa. Yoio neiaiee/aneee yieciae nicaeae
niioaaonoaothuee yiioeeiiaeueiue iaeae o o/anoieeia i?acaeieea.

3. I?e eniieueciaaiee neiaiea e annioeeaoeee, i?e eioi?uo eae au
caeeth/aaony ni c?eoaeai «oneiaey oneiaiiai», aaaeouea iau/ii, n naiiai
ia/aea i?aaenoaaeythony eae oi? /oaoeia, eiiiaioe?othuee, a eiiaaea e
aoiaeyuee a aeaenoaea. O/anoieee i?aaenoaaeaiey ia aeacao o c?eoaey
?acae?atho ?iee e, a niioaaonoaee n ieie – einothiu, ?aeaeceo. Ec
eniieiyaiie eie ianie-ciiaa, iu ociaai eo i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue, oai?/aneoth
iiceoeeth, iinoeaaai aieiothuoth eo i?iaeaio. Iie iiaoo auoue eae au
«ieanoe/aneie a?oiiie», i?ioiaeyuae ia?aaeii, a caoai nicaeathuae,
iai?eia?, ia iiea noaaeeiia /a?ac ieanoe/aneee ?enoiie niuneiaia
iaicia/aiea. A oaao?aeeciaaiiuo i?aaenoaaeaieyo ia noeaia oaeay a?oiia
iiaeao auoue caaeaia eae «aeeaie caiaaan», eioi?ue ii oiaeo aeaenoaey
auiineo aeaoaee ioi?ieaiey, onoaiaaeeaaao e ia?aie/eaaao «aeeaui
ia?ano?iaieai» ianooaau noeaiu (anee yoiai o?aaoao eaeie-oi iiia?),
oiineo e i?eiineo iocueaeueiua eino?oiaiou, ia?anoaaeyao iee?ioiiu,
o/anoaoao eae «ianniaea», a eaeeo-oi noeaiao i?aaenoaaeaiey, ?aaioaao a
iaioiieia e o.ae. A eeoaiie oaao?aeecaoeee yoio annioeeaoeaiue i?eai
eiaao aaaeiia cia/aiea, oae eae iicaieyao nicaeaoue n iiiiuueth a?oiiu
o/anoieeia ianniaee eieeaeoeaiue ia?ac aa?iy ianniaiai
i?aaenoaaeaiey.[1]

4. I?e eniieiaiee neiaiea e annioeeaoeee a ooaeiaeanoaaiiii ioi?ieaiee
oaao?aeeciaaiiiai i?aaenoaaeaiey neiaie iiaeao auoue cayaeai, a iioii
?ane?uo anai oiaeii i?aaenoaaeaiey. Iaeaieaa oi/iia yiioeeiiaeueiia
aicaeaenoaea oaeiai neiaiea aicieeaao oiaaea, eiaaea iaeei ec yieciaeia
i?aaenoaaeaiey yaeyaony eae au aai aoi?ui ieaiii.[1]. A iaeiii ec
i?aaenoaaeaiee iaoae a?oiiu o caaeieea ia iiaenoaaea aue onoaiiaeai
iaeao caiiiai oa?a (iaaeoaiie aeiaon), e eiaaea a iiiaio eniieiaiey
oeiaeueiie ianie yoio oa? aue acyo o/anoieeaie niaeoaeey a ?oee e
auianai ia aaainoeaio, i?iecioei i?aaie/aneia neeyiea aeaoo ieaiia,
eioi?ia aiai?eei c?eoaeth i oii, /oi ie? anaoeaei a iaoeo /aeiaa/aneeo
?oeao, e iu iiaeai e aeieaeiu naeaeaoue aai eo/oa e /eua.

Neiaiee/aneia iaiauaiea iiaeao aicieeiooue e ec o?ainoi?iaoeee aeaoaee.
A oaao?aeeciaaiiii i?aaenoaaeaiee «Iu – eaieia?aaeoeu» a yieciaea
«Io?aaeaiea» iu aeaeei eueaeeiu Eaaeiae, naeaeaiiua ec eaaeiai
aethieiey. Eueaeu oo?oao, acaeuaeeaathony iiae eieanaie iaoei ino?uie
oaeaie. Iaoeiu n oeaaii iaaeeaiii i?iaeaeaathony ii «Aei?iaa aeecie» e
Eaieia?aaeo. Ieaaii iiea/eaathony oa?u iaoei, naa?eay ioaeaneaie ia
eueaeeiao. E aae?oa iaoeia inoaiiaeeanue, caaeio iioi?. Oioa?
auneaeeaaao ia eaae. ?acaeoiuaaoue iaeiaaea: ouny/e eaieia?aaeoeaa
ieacuaathony aac iaeea. Aaeneay nooaea eaaeaieo ?oee, ia iicaieyao
ono?aieoue iaeni?aaiinoue. E oiaaea… «a aaiceia ?oee ii nii/ee,
iiaeaeaa, e auno?i aeaeioeny ?aiiio a iueathueo ?oeao oioa?a». Io
eaiaeue e?iae eaae iinoaiaiii caeeaaaony e?aniui naaoii. Iioi?
ca?aaioae. Eae au io aeaeaeaiey iaoeiu, e?aniua eonee eueaeei iaaeeaiii
a?oiie?othony e iaiaeeaeaiii auoyaeaathony a /aoeee eiioo? e?aniiai
?iyey. Iiuii cao/eo aa?ie/aneay naaeueiay neioiiey Ae. Oinoaeiae/a,
iaienaiiay a aeieaaeiii Eaieia?aaea.[1]

Neiaiee/aneay cae?aieaiiinoue anoue e a o?eooa ioi?ieaiey. I.N. Eiaai a
naiae «Ii?oieiaee eneonnoaa» ioia/aao: «O?eoo eiaao aeaooieaiiaia
cia/aiea: ii ea?aao neiaiia?acothuoth ?ieue aeaaiaea?y naiae
eioaeeaeooaeueii-niuneiaie iaa?ocea, eioi?ie?oy ian i oii, /oi eiaiii
caeanue iaoiaeeony…, e iaeiia?aiaiii ?ieue ooaeiaeanoaaiii-ia?acioth,
aeinoeaaaioth yiioeeiiaeueii annioeeaoeaiie au?aceoaeueiinoueth ?enoiea
o?eooa, aai ?anoeaaoea, ?eoia, eiiiiceoeeiiiie no?oeoo?a».[1]

?aaeenna?ai iaiaoiaeeii eco/aoue ciaeiaua au?aaeaiey ai anao aeaeao
eneonnoa. Ciaiea aa?iiaeneiai eneonnoaa, eneonnoaa Ainoiea, aiiaua
iaoe?iua iiciaiey iinoaiiaueea ia?ii?eyoee iicaieytho ?anoe?eoue niaeo?
au?aceoaeueiuo n?aaenoa, ninoaa ciaeia-neiaieia. Caeanue aaaeii
iiiieoue, /oi, anee auai? ciaeia noaiiaeony i?iecaieueiui e i?enoue
oieueei aeey oai?/anoaa iaeiiai ooaeiaeieea, yoi oneiaeiyao
eiiioieeaoeaioth ooieoeeth – e i?iecaaaeaiea noaiiaeony iaiiiyoiui.
C?eoaeue aeieaeai iiiyoue niiauaiea, niaea?aeauaany a i?iecaaaeaiee, ia
iniiaa ooaa?aeaeaiiie nenoaiu ciaeia. Aio ii/aio aini?eyoea
i?iecaaaeaiey eneonnoaa noaiiaeony aeoii niiinoaaeaiey e ciaiey.[3]

I?iaeieaeay ?acaiai? i au?aceoaeueiuo n?aaenoaao, nicaeathueo iniaue
ycue oaao?aeecaoeee, inoaiiaeiny ia iaoaoi?a. Yoi aua iaeii i/aiue
aaaeiia n?aaenoai yiioeeiiaeueiiai aicaeaenoaey a ?aaeenno?a.

A iniiaa iino?iaiey iaoaoi?u eaaeeo i?eioeei n?aaiaiey i?aaeiaoa n
eaeei-eeai ae?oaei i?aaeiaoii ia iniiaaiee iauaai aeey ieo i?eciaea.[1]

?acee/athony o?e oeia iaoaoi?:

iaoaoi?u n?aaiaiey, a eioi?uo iauaeo i?yii niiinoaaeyaony n ae?oaei
iauaeoii («eieiiiaaea ?iue»);

iaoaoi?u caaaaeee, a eioi?uo iauaeo caeiuai ae?oaei iauaeoii («aeee
eiiuoa ii ia?ceui eeaaeoai» – aianoi «ii aoeuaeieeai»);

iaoaoi?u, a eioi?uo iauaeoo i?eienuaathony naienoaa ae?oaeo i?aaeiaoia
(«yaeiaeoue acaeyae», «aeeciue nai?aea»).[1]

A ?acaiai?iii ycuea iu ii/oe ia caia/aai eniieueciaaiey iaoaoi?, iie
noaee i?eau/iuie a iauaiee («aeeciue i?ioea ieii», «a?aiy eaoeo»). A
ooaeiaeanoaaiiii oai?/anoaa iaoaoi?a aeoeaia. Iia niaeaenoaoao
oai?/aneiio aiia?aaeaieth, aaaeao aai iooai ia?aciiai iuoeaiey.[1]

Aeey ?aaeenna?a iaoaoi?a oai e oeaiia, /oi eniieuecoaony eiaiii eae
n?aaenoai iino?iaiey noeaie/aneeo ia?acia. «…A anaai aaaeiaa – auoue
eneoniui a iaoaoi?ao, – aiai?eony a «Iiyoeea» A?enoioaey. Oieueei yoiai
iaeuecy ia?aiyoue io ae?oaiai; yoi – i?eciae oaeaioa, iioiio /oi
neaaaoue oi?ioea iaoaoi?u cia/eo iiaeia/aoue noiaenoai». [7]

Anyeay iaoaoi?a ?ann/eoaia ia iaaoeaaeueiia aini?eyoea e o?aaoao io
c?eoaey oiaiey iiiyoue e ii/oanoaiaaoue nicaeaaaaiue ath
ia?acii-yiioeeiiaeueiue yooaeo.[7] Caeanue iaiaoiaeeii oiaiea aeaeaoue
aoi?ie ieai iaoaoi?u, niaea?aeauaany a iae ne?uoia n?aaiaiea. Iioiio /oi
iiaecia e iaiaeeaeaiiinoue iiiaeo aeoaieeo ii niuneo iaoaoi? ia ?ac
noaiiaeeenue i?aiyonoaeai e eo i?aaeeueiiio aini?eyoeth – oai naiui
iaaeaeueiiaeaeiua c?eoaee e e?eoeee aeooiaii iaaaeiyee naie naay.

Caaeoiaainy: n eaeie oeaeueth ?aaeenna? i?eaaaaao e i?eaio iaoaoi?u,
iacuaay oieueei oi, n /ai n?aaieaaaony ecia?aaeaiiue i?aaeiao eee
iiiyoea, e ooaeaay aai i?yiia iaeiaiiaaiea? Aeaeaaony yoi aeey oiai,
/oiau canoaaeoue ?aaioaoue iuneue e aiia?aaeaiea c?eoaey. Iaoaoi?a
o?aaoao io ian aeooiaiiai oneeey, eioi?ia naii ii naaa aeaaioai?ii.

Aua a eiioea i?ioeiai aaea Aeueo?aae AEa??e ia/ae ia?aaiaeeoue
neiaanioth iaoaoi?o ia ieanoe/aneee ycue noeaiu. Oeaeue i?aneaaeiaaeanue
iaeia – nicaeaiea ia?aciiai no?iy, iiyoe/aneia oaeoaeaiea iunee,
iicaieythuaa ?aaeenna?o aeiaanoe ?aoaiea niaeoaeey aei oeeinioneiai
iaiauaiey.[1]

Aeeaiacii eniieueciaaiey iaoaoi?u a niaeoaeeyo ia?iiai: io aiaoiaai
ioi?ieaiey aei ia?aciiai cao/aiey anaai niaeoaeey. Aua aieueoaa cia/aiea
eiaao iaoaoi?a aeey ?aaeenno?u ianniaiai oaao?a eae oaao?a aieueoeo
nioeeaeueiuo iaiauaiee, eiathuaai aeaei n ooaeiaeanoaaiiui iniuneaieai e
ioi?ieaieai iianaaeiaaiie ?aaeueiie aeecie. Eiaiii iaoaoi?a iiaeao
i?eaeaoue ?aaeueiiio oaeoo aniaeo ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai iniuneaiey,
enoieeiaaiey, iiaeao iiii/ue ociaaaieth ?aaeueiiai aa?iy.[1]

Iaiauaiea iiuoa eeoaiie ?aaiou iicaieyao ii?aaeaeeoue iaeaieaa oeie/iua
iooe eniieueciaaiey iaoaoi?u a ycuea oaao?aeecaoeee.

1. Iaoaoi?u ioi?ieaiey. Iooe nicaeaiey ia?aca /a?ac iaoaoi?o a
oaao?aeueii-aeaei?aoeeiiiii ioi?ieaiee niaeoaeey ?acee/iu. Iuneue, eaeay
iiaoo auoue au?aaeaiu /a?ac ieaie?iaeo, eiino?oeoeeth, ioi?ieaiea,
aeaoaee, naao, /a?ac eo niioiioaiea e ni/aoaiea. «Aiaoiaa ioi?ieaiea
niaeoaeey aeieaeii auoue iino?iaii ia iiyoe/aneii ia/aea, – aiai?ee A.E.
Iaie?iae/-Aeai/aiei, iaaei aeaoue i?iaeioeeaeueiue aeii ia
iaoo?aeenoe/anee, a iaiieieoue aai iiyoe/aneei iano?iaieai. Nieia/iay
aaiia naaoa, caeeaathuay ana, – e ieieiaeueiia eiee/anoai
i?aaeiaoia».[1]

2. Iaoaoi?a iaioiieiu. Aio eeanne/aneee nthaeao Ia?naey Ia?ni «Eeaoea».
*aeiaae, i?inioaoenue, iai?aaeyaony aia?aae e iaoueaaony ia i?aiyonoaea.
Ii – a eeaoea. *anoi ia?aae?ay ?oeaie ii anai /aou?ai noaiai, euao
auoiaea. Ia iaoiaey aai, ii i?eoiaeeo a io/ayiea, ia/aony, iaoueaynue ia
noaiu eeaoee. Iaeiiaoe iouneeaaao eacaeeo. N o?oaeii aua?aaoenue /a?ac
iaa, /aeiaae iuouaao naay ia naiaiaea. Eaeao aia?aae. E niiaa
i?aiyonoaea. Ieacuaaaony, eeaoea iaoiaeeeanue a ae?oaie, aieueoaai
?acia?a.[4]

Iaioiieia nioeaia ec ciaeia. Iie i?aaenoaaeytho naiue iaoa?eae aa
au?aceoaeueiiai ycuea. Eiaaea ia ia?auo ii?ao iaiiuoiua ieiu
eeoi?aaei/ii ia/oony ii noeaia, iaa?iiiaeaeay aeaeaeaiea ia aeaeaeaiea,
a c?eoaee i?e yoii ie/aai ec i?ienoiaeyuaai ia iiieiatho, a oaeii neo/aa
aeaeaeaiey ie/aai ia icia/atho, c?eoaeue ia a ninoiyiee ?anoeo?iaaoue
aioo?aiiae nouiinoe aeanoa. A oao aea neo/ayo, eiaaea iu ieacuaaainy
caoaa/aiiuie niaea?aeaieai aeaenoaey, aanue eeanne/aneee «oaeno» yaeyao
niaie iai?a?uaioth oeaiue eiae/anee auno?iaiiuo, ii/oe ii oi?ia, aieeo e
yniuo ii niaea?aeaieth ciaeia.[5]

Aeeoi?o Ae?aaeoeeiio, aeoa?o Iineianeiai ae?aiaoe/aneiai oaao?a ei.
E.N. Noaieneaaneiai, auo/aieeo eeanne/aneie oeieu «ia?aaeeaaiey», a
i?ae?aniii niaeoaeea «Ac?ineay aei/ue iieiaeiai /aeiaaea» iiiaaeiaeeanue
ae?iaaoeea. ?aaeenna? Aiaoieee Aaneeueaa oae auno?iee aioo?aiithth
eeieth aa?iy, /oi a ii?aaeaeaiiue iiiaio aeoa? i?inoi ia iia au?aceoue
aa eia/a, /ai n iiiiuueth naeueoi-ii?oaea. E «noa?ia, aeia?ia» naeueoi,
eeanne/aneee o?the ae?aaieo aeno?eiiia, ia?niiaaeae eiiaaeee aeaeue A?oa
e oaao?a Aeaath?i aue iinoaaeai ia neoaeao aeey auyaeaiey aioo?aiiaai
ie?a aeaeiaiai /aeiaaea. Enoaoe, Ae?aaeoeeiio aeey nicaeaiey ia?aca a
yoii niaeoaeea iiiaaeiaeeinue aua iiiaia – inaieoue aanueia ino?ue
?enoiie oaioea, iaieioi, n iuouaieai ii?aaeaeaiiiai aeaeaciaiai noeey
ea?aoue ia oi?oaiueyii. E aac anao yoeo oiaiee, a oii /enea e i?aaeaea
anaai aac oiaiey oi/ii auyaeo aioo?aiithth eeieth aeecie aa?iy,
Ae?aeoeeee ia nicaeae au ia?ac iaoaai n aaie nia?aiaiieea.[5]

Oaeei ia?acii iu aeaeei, /oi iaoaoi?a iaioiieiu iiaeao noaoue
iaiauathuei ooaeiaeanoaaiiui ia?acii oieueei a oii neo/aa, anee a aa
aeaenoaee caeiaeaiu ai?ueaa, aeeiaieea, ia?aciay ieanoeea e
iiioiaioaeueiinoue.[1]

3. Iaoaoi?a iecainoeaiu. Yieciae «Aa?aaai eioa?aaioeee» a iaeiii ec
i?aaenoaaeaiee, iinayuaiiii 50-eaoeth Ieoya?y, aue ?aoai ca n/ao
iaoaoi?e/aneie iecainoeaiu «aeeaie oeaeo». A aa iniiaa eaaeaee
aunooieaiey Ea?aineiai ia?aae i?aaenoaaeoaeyie ?acee/iuo ia?oee a
Ia?eaea. I?ioiaey a iieooaioeaaaeueiuo aeaeaeaieyo /a?ac eeiee yoeo
i?aaenoaaeoaeae, Ea?aineee i?ecuaae e eioa?aaioeee i?ioea Niaaoneie
?innee. Ainoeuaiiua aai e?anii?a/eai «i?aaenoaaeoaee» nicaeaaaee ca aai
nieiie «aeeaie oeaeo» eioa?aaioeee.[1]

Iaoaoi?e/aneay iecainoeaia o?aaoao iniai ouaoaeueiie ?ac?aaioee
ieanoe/aneeo aeaeaeaiee e neiaaniiai aeaenoaey aeey nicaeaiey
iaiauaiiiai ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai ia?aca ?aaeenna?neie iunee.[1]

4. Iaoaoi?a a aeoa?neie ea?a. «AEeaioiua, eae ie/oi ae?oaia, aeatho
iiaiae eiaiii aeey iaoaoi?», – caiaoee eae-oi ienaoaeue TH. Ieaoa.

I. Aeiia?aaeia a «E?aniia?iaeneii /oaea» oae iienuaaao i?eoiae ia
?aiaoeoeeth e?aniia?iaeneie aeoa?neie nooaeee A.Y. Iaea?oieueaea:

«Aii?in e Iaea?oieueaeo: Eae ea?aoue eeanniauo a?aaia? Iaea?oieueae:
A?ioane! Oieueei a?ioane! Aaieaeueiue a?ioane!»

Iaea?oieueae iii?inee i?inaenoaoue oi?ii ioe/ueeo aieinia.

Caiaee iaiee, ae?icaeu, aeaai?iiee, nieiauee… A eiiiaoo aioae ean e
oeoeia. Ia eeoeao aieoeia, aeaaii ioi?aaiiuo io naiae, io ?iaeiuo eania
e iieae, – iiyoe/aneay a?onoue.

Noii! – Iaea?oieueae oeiiioe a eaaeioe. – A oaia?ue, iiaeaeoenoa ia
neioiue aeai?! Eoi a?aae iaoae ?anioaeeee? Ethaee? Iao! Acaaneaoeeny
neioiue aeai?!.. Aue, aeoea…

Iaea?oieueae oaeae iaoa aiia?aaeaiea. Iu iao/eee aieoeia
eiaeeaeaeoaeece?iaaoue ia?acu eeanniauo a?aaia. Aianoi «aiiaua aaia?ae»
iiyaeeny «aaia?ae-aue», «aaia?ae-eiaethe», «aaia?ae-inae».[1]

Iaoaoi?a a aeoa?neie ea?a i?iaeieaeaao inoaaaoueny aeaenoaaiiui
ia?aciui n?aaenoaii oaao?a, e n aa iiiiuueth ?aaeenna? ianniaiai
i?aaenoaaeaiey iiaeao e aeieaeai nicaeaaaoue ia?acu aieueoeo iaiauaiee.
Iaeiaei, ianiio?y ia oaeoth ianooaaiinoue, caeanue oaeaea eiaao aieueoia
cia/aiea ia?ac?uaiay naycue n aeeciaiiui iiuoii aeaiiie nioeeaeueiie
iauiinoe, o/anoaothuae a ianniaii aeaenoaee. Oieueei a yoii neo/aa
iaoaoi?a iiaeao auoue iiiyoia e niiniaia ieacaoue yiioeeiiaeueiia
aicaeaenoaea ia iannu.[1]

Eoae iu oaaaeeeenue, /oi noeaie/aneay ?aaeecaoeey iaoaoi?u iicaieyao
y?/a e iaaeyaeiaa aeey aoaeeoi?ee au?aceoue nooue eeai iniiaiiai niauoey
yieciaea, eeai ioiioaiee, neeaaeuaathueony iaaeaeo ia?niiaaeaie.
Aoaeeoi?ey iieo/aao aiciiaeiinoue auno?i e oi/ii, ii?aaeaeeoue,
noi?ioee?iaaoue naith nianoaaiioth iiceoeeth ii ioiioaieth e
i?ienoiaeyuaio, /oi a naith i/a?aaeue yaeyaony ia?aie e iaiaoiaeeiie
i?aaeiinueeie e oi?ie?iaaieth o aoaeeoi?ee aeoeaiiai ioiioaiey e
iieo/aaiie noeaie/aneie eioi?iaoeee. [3]

Aaaeiia ianoi a ?aaeenna?neii eneonnoaa oaao?aeecaoeee i?eiaaeeaaeeo
aeeaai?ee.

A «Iiyoe/aneii neiaa?a» A. Eayoeianeiai neacaii: «aeeaai?ey –
eiineacaiea, ecia?aaeaiea ioaea/aiiie eaeae iin?aaenoaii eiie?aoiiai
io/aoeeai i?aaenoaaeyaiiai ia?aca. Naycue iaaeaeo ia?acii e cia/aieai
onoaiaaeeaaaony a aeeaai?ee ii aiaeiaee (iai?eia?, eaa eae
ieeoeaoai?aiea neeu e o.ae.). A i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue iiiaicia/iinoe
neiaiea niune aeeaai?ee oa?aeoa?ecoaony iaeiicia/iie iinoiyiiie
ii?aaeaeaiiinoueth e ?ane?uaaaony ia iaiin?aaenoaaiii a ooaeiaeanoaaiiii
ia?aca, a eeoue enoieeiaaiey niaea?aeaaoeony a ia?aca yaiuo eee ne?uouo
iaiaeia e oeacaiee, oi anoue iooai iiaeaaaeaiey ia?aca iiae eaeia-eeai
iiiyoea».[1]

AEeciue, nia?oue, iaaeaaeaea, ceiaa, niaanoue, ae?oaeaa, Acey, Aa?iia,
Ie? – ethaia ec yoeo iiiyoee iiaeao auoue i?aaenoaaeaii n iiiiuueth
aeeaai?ee. [1] A oii e caeeth/aaony neea aeeaai?ee, /oi iia niiniaia ia
aeieaea aaea ieeoeaoai?youe iiiyoey /aeiaa/anoaa i ni?aaaaeeeainoe,
aeia?a, cea, ?acee/iuo i?aanoaaiiuo ea/anoaao. Aiaeiy Oaieaea, eioi?oth
a?a/aneee e ?eineea neoeueioi?u ieeoeaoai?yee n caaycaiiuie aeacaie e
aanaie a ?oea, iaanaaaea inoaeanue ieeoeaoai?aieai i?aainoaeey. Ciay e
/aoa – aeeaai?ey a?a/aaaiey, iaaeeoeeiu. Aeaeaeneia ec?a/aiea: «Ia?aeoai
ia/e ia i?aea» – aeeaai?e/aneee i?ecua e ie?o, e ieii/aieth aiei.[7]

Aeeaai?ey anaaaea ea?aea caiaoioth ?ieue a ?aaeenno?a ianniauo
i?acaeianoa anao a?aiai e ia?iaeia. Cia/aiea aeeaai?ee aeey ?aaeenno?u
?aaeueiiai aeaenoaey i?aaeaea anaai a oii, /oi iia anaaaea, ai?i/ai eae
neiaie e iaoaoi?a, i?aaeiieaaaao aeaooieaiiainoue. Ia?aue ieai –
ooaeiaeanoaaiiue ia?ac, aoi?ie ieai – eiineacaoaeueiue, ii?aaeaeyaiue
ciaieai neooaoeee, enoi?e/aneie ianoaiiaee, annioeeaoeaiinoueth.[1]

Aeeaai?ey auea iaeaieaa oa?aeoa?ia aeey n?aaeiaaaeiaiai eneonnoaa,
eneonnoaa aic?iaeaeaiey, aa?ieei, eeanneoeecia. [7] Aeeaai?e/aneea
ia?acu caieiaee aaaeouaa ianoi a i?acaeianoaao o?aioeocneie ?aaiethoeee.
Aio iaeei ec i?eia?ia, iienaiiue E. Aea?aeaaeiui a eieaa «Oaao?
o?aioeocneie ?aaiethoeee»: «Iniaoth a?oiio aeaei?aoeee i?aaenoaaeyei
aeeaai?e/aneia ioi?ieaiea noeaiu a oii aeai?a, eioi?ue yaeye niaie
ethaiiuoioth iniaaiiinoue ?aaiethoeeiiiie ae?aiaoo?aee a aeai?a aiioaica
e oaao?aeueiiai i?acaeianoaa. Iai?eia?, oi?aeanoaaiii ono?iaiiia 10
iiya?y 1793 aiaea a niai?a Ia?eaeneie aiaiiaoa?e a /anoue ?acoia
i?acaeianoai iineoaeeei ?aaiethoeeiiiie noeaia ecaanoiui ia?acii aeey
ioi?ieaiey aa aiioaicia e iao?eioe/aneeo aeeauo ia?oee. Iin?aaeeia
niai?a auea aicaeaeaiooa ai?a, ia aa?oeia eioi?ie iaoiaeeeny o?ai n
iaaeienueth ia o?iioiia «oeeinioey», ie?oaeaiiue athnoaie oeeinioia –
i?aaenoaaeoaeae ?aaiethoeee. O iiaeiiaeey ai?u aeoa?ue, ia eioi?ii iueae
oaeae enoeiu».[1]

Ynoaoaoo eniieueciaaiey aeeaai?e/aneeo n?aaenoa a i?acaeianoaao
o?aioeocneie ?aaiethoeee i?eiyee niaaoneea ?aaeenna?u a ianniauo
i?acaeieeao 20-o aiaeia. Iai?eia?: «Niaeaeaiea aeae?u eiio??aaiethoeee»
– ianniaia oaao?aeeciaaiiia i?aaenoaaeaiea, iinoaaeaiiia a 1918 aiaeo a
Ai?iiaaea.[1]

?aaeenna? E.I. Ooiaiia ia 6-ii Anaie?iii oanoeaaea iieiaeaaee e
nooaeaioia a Iineaa iino?iee aeiianoia oae, /oi iie i?aa?aoeee iiea
noaaeeiia a ea?oo ie?a… E aio ia ea?oo eaaea ceiaauay oaiue Aieiu a
ia?aca aoiiiie aiiau. Ii neiai «IAO!», iiyaeaoaany ia ea?oa,
ia?a/a?eeaaao e?ano iae?ano yia?ae/iuie eeieyie neeoyo aiiau. [1]

A 1951 aiaeo ia oanoeaaea a Aa?eeia oio aea E.I. Ooiaiia a naiae
ianniaie iaioiieia ia iocueo A. Aeaenaiae?iaa «Nayuaiiay aieia»
neaaeothuei ia?acii eniieueciaae eiineacaoaeueiua n?aaenoaa
au?aceoaeueiinoe. Oaiie i?aaenoaaeaiey auei naiiooaa?aeaeaiea
/aeiaa/aneeo ?an, eo ai?ueaa ca naiaiaeo e iacaaeneiinoue. Ia iiea – 10
ouny/ aeiianoia, iaeaouo a einothiu aaeiai, /a?iiai e aeaeoiai oeaaoia.
Ia/aeinue n oiai, /oi oeaio? iiey caiyee aaeua. ?ani?aaea iea/e,
?annoaaea iiae, iie aeanoii noiyee ia caiea. Aie?oa ieo ?aniieiaeeeenue,
iieoniaioaoenue, aeaeoua, neiaieece?othuea ia?iaeu Acee, e ia eieaiyo –
/a?iua – aua ia i?inioaoayny Ao?eea. Ii aio aeaeoua ?ani?aaeee nieiu, ei
iiiiaaao /anoue aaeuo, /a?iua iiaeieiathony n eieai, aeaeoua ia/eiatho
aeaeaaoueny, /a?iua anoatho ai aanue ?ino… Eiioeeeo ?acaeaaaony ao?ii.
Naiaiaeiethaeaay oaia ?aaiii?aaey ethaeae ?aciiai oeaaoa eiaee, ianiio?y
ia oi, /oi auea au?aaeaia niaoeeoe/aneeie n?aaenoaaie aeiianoe/aneeo
oi?aaeiaiee, aeinoeaea ia?iiiie ooaeiaeanoaaiiie au?aceoaeueiinoe. Yoio
ooaeiaeanoaaiiue ia?ac, iaoaoi?e/iue e aeeaai?e/iue ii ?aaeenna?neiio
?aoaieth, ane?uaaao neiaeiaeoea aeeciaiiua yaeaiey iooai eo noieeiiaaiey
e niiinoaaeaiey.[1]

Ana-oaee iaiaoiaeeii caiaoeoue, /oi a nia?aiaiiii eneonnoaa aeeaai?ey
onooiaao ianoi aieaa ?acaeoui a ia?acii-ineoieiae/aneii ioiioaiee
neiaiee/aneei ia?acai.

Caeeth/aiea

Eniieueciaaiea neiaiea, iaoaoi?u, aeeaai?ee a oaao?aeecaoeee, yoi
ianouiay iaiaoiaeeiinoue, ?iaeaeathuayny a i?ioeanna ?aoaiey ?aaeenna?ii
iiauo caaea/, ii a oi aea a?aiy – yoi anaai eeoue i?eai, a anyeee i?eai
oi?io, eiaaea ii ia caia/aaony. C?eoaeue aeieaeai aini?eieiaoue ia
i?eai, ia oi?io, a /a?ac i?eai e oi?io – niaea?aeaiea e, aini?eieiay
aai, aiana ia aeieaeai caia/aoue oao n?aaenoa, eioi?ua yoi niaea?aeaiea
aeiiiny aei aai niciaiey.

Oaeaea ioaeii anaaaea iiiieoue, /oi ana n?aaenoaa eiineacaiey a
?aaeenno?a, i?aaiecothuae aeayoaeueiinoue oaeiai nioeeaeueiiai
einoeoooa, eae eeoa, aeieaeiu auoue ia?ac?uaii naycaiu n aeeciaiiui
iiuoii aai ?aaeueiie aoaeeoi?ee, iaoneaaeeaaoueny yoei iiuoii. Aeaeaaoue
eneonnoai aia?aae niiniaai oieueei oio ooaeiaeiee, eioi?ue aeeaao iaeiie
aeeciueth ni naiei ia?iaeii, ia io?uaaynue io iaai. A yoii caeeth/aaony
iniiaiie i?eioeei ioai?a eiineacaoaeueiuo au?aceoaeueiuo n?aaenoa aeey
eeoaiiai ?aaeenna?a.

OAIA: «Oeieueiue ?iiai»

Oaao?aeeciaaiiue aa/a?, iinayuaiiue

thaeeath o/eoaey

Iainiiaaiea auai?a oaiu

N?aaee iiiaeanoaa i?acaeieeia e oi?aeanoa, i?iaaaeaiea eioi?uo eiaeeony
ia iea/e ?aaeenna?a aeinoaiauo i?ia?aii, ia iniaii ianoa noiyo
ee/iinoiua i?acaeieee e, a /anoiinoe, thaeeae.

ss anaaaea eniuouaae e iiaeiaiiai ?iaea ia?ii?eyoeyi aeeaie eioa?an,
?iaeaeaaoeeny ec iai?aiaeieeiiai eioa?ana e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoe, e
/aeiaaeo eae ee/iinoe, aaaeue aeeciaiiue iooue eaaeaeiai /aeiaaea
ii-naiaio i?ae?anai e iaiiaoi?ei. Eiaiii ii yoiio n iane?uaaaiui
oaeiaieuenoaeai y i?eiye i?aaeeiaeaiea ?ac?aaioaoue noeaia?ee e
n?aaeenne?iaaoue aa/a?, iinayuaiiue 60-eaoiaio thaeeath i?aiiaeaaaoaey
?onneiai ycuea e eeoa?aoo?u *a?aiaiianeie n?aaeiae oeieu ?4 I.A.
A?aooeaaie.

ss ciae, /oi o?oae i?aaenoieo iaeaaeee, e oi?ioi iiieiae: i?aaiecaoeey
oaeeo i?acaeieeia o?aaoao na?ueaciie ?aaiou, eiaao naie iniaaiiinoe e
o?oaeiinoe.

A oeaio?a ethaiai ee/iinoiiai oi?aeanoaa – iiiaia?aiiue iaeee
eiie?aoiiai /aeiaaea – aeaaiiai aa?iy i?acaeieea. I?e nicaeaiee
noeaia?ey e iinoaiiaea i?aaenoaaeaiey y, anoanoaaiii, aeaeae aeiaeoueny
ii?aaeaeaiiiai yooaeoa, eiay ia?aae niaie /aoeoth oeaeue: aucaaoue o
thaeey?a /oanoai ai?aeinoe ca naith i?ioanneth, noeioee?iaaoue o iaai
ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca naia aeaei.

Ee/iinoiua i?acaeieee aeatho aiciiaeiinoue eaaeaeiio /aeiaaeo a y?eie
ooaeiaeanoaaiiie oi?ia iaeoe auoiae /oanoaai, naycaiiui ni no?aieaieai
ioiaoeoue ciaiaiaoaeueiia niauoea naiae aeia?aoee iniaaiii
oi?aeanoaaiii, eieeaeoeaii, iiaeaeeoueny naiae ?aaeinoueth n aeeceeie,
ae?ocueyie. A oi aea a?aiy ee/iinoiue i?acaeiee anai naiei niaea?aeaieai
e oi?iie aeieaeai iiae/a?eeaaoue iauanoaaiiue oa?aeoa? niauoey, aucaaoue
o ethaeae aeiiieieoaeueiua /oanoaa acaeiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe.

Iaeiie ec naiuo oa?aeoa?iuo /a?o, i?enoueo i?acaeieeai oaeiai
?iaea yaeyaony eo aeieoiaioaeueiinoue. Iiyoiio i?aaenoaaeaiea
anoanoaaiiui ia?acii iie?aaony ia oaeou ec aeia?aoee, iineieueeo aac
oaeie iii?u iaaiciiaeii noi?ie?iaaoue aeoeaiia aini?eyoea
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, aa ioeaiee. Eniieueciaaiea aea oaao?aeecaoeee a
aeaiiii neo/aa eeoue iaeaa/aao aini?eyoea oaeoia ainoyie i?acaeieea.
(oai aieaa, /oi oaao?aeecaoeey yoa iineo aieueoae /anoueth
thii?enoe/aneoth iai?aaeaiiinoue).

ss i/aiue iaaeathnue, /oi ieii/aoaeueiue ?acoeueoao, eioi?iai y aeaeae
aeinoe/ue n naiiai ia/aea ?aaiou iaae noeaia?eai, niaiae n
i?aaeaa?eoaeueii iaia/aiiie oeaeueth.

Auei oaeaea eioa?anii ii?iaiaaoue a thaeeaeiii aa/a?a annioeeaoeaiue
iiaeoiae, iniiaaiiue ia eniieueciaaiee neiaieia e iaoaoi?, /oi i?eaeaei
anaio i?aaenoaaeaieth iniaoth c?aeeuiinoue.

OAIA: «Oeieueiue ?iiai».

Eaeay: «Nianeai, aei?iaie o/eoaeue, ca oaie iaeaaeee o?oae».

Noeaia?iue ieai

Noeaia?iue ieai

I?ieia

1 yieciae. «E y o aaoeo iia»

2 yieciae. «Aeaaiue o/eoaeue»

3 yieciae. «N/anoeeaua aiaeu»

4 yieciae. «THaeeaeiue aiaeaaeeue»

5 yieciae. «Anoue oieueei iea».

I?ieia

A caea cao/eo oi?aeanoaaiiay iocuea («Ia?o ioe?uoey»). Aoiaeeo thaeey?,
aa o aeaa?ae ano?a/aao oeaaoaie iaeei ec ia?auo aa o/aieeia, Oieaa?ue
Ae.A, caoai aaaeao e o?iio, ?aniieiaeaiiiio a oeaio?a caea.

Aeeeoi? ia oiia iocuee:

Iiaaei aue ii iiaiueth iiiaeo

(Noaeae ?aoeoaeueiuo e no?iaeo)

O/aiue iaeue ii iaaeaio.

Eiae ii n/anoeeaue oaeaio

Aac i?eioaeaeaiuey a ?acaiai?a

Einiooueny aei anaai neaaea,

N o/aiui aeaeii ciaoiea

O?aieoue iie/aiuea a aaaeiii nii?a

E aicaoaeaeaoue oeuaeo aeai

Iaiai iaaeaeaiiuo yiea?aii.

Ii ii-o?aioeocnee niaa?oaiii

Iia ecuyniyoueny e ienae;

Eaaei iaco?eo oaioeaaae

E eeaiyeny iai?eioaeaeaiii;

*aai ae aai aieueoa? Naao ?aoee,

*oi ii oiai e i/aiue iee.

2. *a?iiaeacay, n aieueoei ?oii, iae?aneaay, ii aeeaay, ene?aiiyy,
aanei?unoiay, e i/a?iaaoaeueiay, aioiaay ethaeoue aanue ie?, Iaoaoa auea
a oii ieeii aic?anoa, eiaaea aeaai/ea oaea ia ?aaaiie, a ?aaaiie aua ia
aeaaooea.

I yieciae. «E y o aaoeo iia»

Ia noeaio auoiaeeo aaaeouee (Iiaaei)

Iiaaei: Aeaiu e ainiiaea! ss aeaaii oaea inoaaee naao e naaoneay noaoa
noaea /oaeaeie iia. Ii naaiaeiy y caeanue, n aaie. Ia iia eiy i?eoei
i?eaeaoaiea, e y ia iia ia ioaaoeoue acaeiiinoueth. Aio iii: «Aaaaiee!
O/eoaey e o/aieee 4-ie oeieu iaaeathony, /oi au ia ioeaaeaoa a eo
i?inueaa iiii/ue a i?iaaaeaiee aa/a?a, iinayuaiiiai ciaiaiaoaeueii aeaoa
– thaeeath Ieiu Aioiiiaiu A?aooeaaie. Aaca?aie/ii iieaaaainy ia aaoo
ieeinoue». Anoanoaaiii y ia iia ia i?eiyoue i?eaeaoaiea, ciay eaeia
oaaaeaiea ieoaao thaeey? e iiae iniaa, e eaeia oaaaeaiea ieoath nai e
Ieia Aioiiiaia y, Aaaaiee Iiaaei. (Eeaaao aieiaie a ciae ii/oaiey).

Ia noeaio aaaaaao aaaeouay (?inoiaa)

?inoiaa: Ao, Iiaaei, au oaea caeanue! Naaiaeiy oaeie i?acaeiee, oaeie
caia/aoaeueiue i?acaeiee. ss ia /oanoaiaaea naay oaeie n/anoeeaie
iaaa?iia n oiai naiiai aeiy ?iaeaeaiey, eiaaea Ai?en i?eciaeny a ethaae
ei iia. Aio e Iooeei, Ieia Aioiiiaia niaoeo aai ia?aaeaoue:

«ss aai aeaeath a Aeaiue ?iaeaeaiuey:

Ionoue aoaeoo a aeecie aiiaue e aiiaue

E aiaeanoai, e aaeioiiaaiuea,

Ainoi?a, e neacu, e ethaiaue!»

Iiaaei: A i?ann-oeaio?a i?acaeiiaaiey thaeeay neiieeenue aeanyoee
oaeaa?aii n iicae?aaeaieyie aei?iaiio thaeey?o. Aeaaae ca/eoaai
iaeioi?ua ec ieo. (A ?oeao o Iiaaeia 6 oaeaa?aii. Nia/aea ii /eoaao
oaeaa?aiio nai, neaaeothuoth iiaeaao Iaoaoa e o.ae.) Aio A?eaiaaeia
aii?ioaao:

E y o aaoeo iia.

A naie 60 au ?anoeaaee i?aeanoii,

E iiyoiio ne?iiiu, ia niio?eoa ia naao.

Ia aethaeaiu ee au? I?ioo iia aeaoue ioaao.

?inoiaa: Iae?ania i?aaeaeaeeo:

A eaeii aiaeo – ?ann/eouaae,

A eaeii aeiio – oaaaeuaae,

A ia?yaeiie naaoeie ai?ieoea

Nioeenue aeaanoe /aeiaae.

Oeaa, nieue ia noie iinoaaeee,

Oicyeeo ae?oaeii neaaeee,

Ae iiaeaeaee a cae?aaee

E a n/anouea aeeoue naie aae!

Iiaaei: Io Iayeianeiai:

A anee a ?acaeoiuea

naanoe a?iae ana aea,

Oaaa io aeooe iiaeaeath oiai aea!

A yoi io aeaaiaea?iiai Aicianaineiai:

Nianeai! Ca oi, /oi ou anoue,

Nianeai! Ca oi, /oi iicaaea

Ia naie thaeeae

Nianeai ca oaiuaiey,

Ca eiiiaieth yoo nianeai!

E iia ca iia iicae?aaeaiea

Oiaea neaaee «nianeai»!

?inoiaa: Aeia?iaeooiue Caoiaea? i?eciaaony:

A aeaiue 60-eaoey oaay

Aeaeaoue oae i?eyoii,

Io, i?eyoii, i?inoi i/aiue,

Oae i?eyoii, noi ieneieueei

Ne?uoue y ia iiao!

Iiaaei: E iaeiiaoe iiaeaeaiey io Aeiea:

Iieie oaaa, eae i?aaeaea nieony,

AEeciue, ?aaioa – aa/iue aie…

Ionoue aeaeueoa i/eony eieanieoea,

*oi oi?aaeyaony oiaie!

?inoiaa: Eaeea i?ae?aniua, aieiothuea neiaa! Iiyou oiatho auoue
aeaaiaea?iuie. Oai aieaa, anee yoi eanaaony ethaeae ethaeiuo e
oaaaeaaiuo, auiieiythueo ia yoie caiea i/aiue aaaeioth caaea/o.

II yieciae. «Aeaaiue o/eoaeue».

Iiaaei: Ciaaoue, ii iooe nthaea, y aeoiae: eaeia yoi n/anouea, iaaa?iia,
iinayoeoue anth naith aeeciue iaeiiio, ethaeiiio aeaeo. Aeiaeeoue anaai
naay, anth naith aeooo e yia?aeth a eaeath, a i?ioeannu.

?inoiaa: Aea, yoi aeaenoaeoaeueii – aaeeeia n/anouea, oae eae yoe
i?ioeannu, eae ou neacae, iai?aaeaiu ia ainieoaiea aeaoae. Aaaeue oaeea
o/eoaey, eae Ieia Aioiiiaia ia i?inoi aeatho iaoa?eae, eioi?ue ioaeii
aucoa?eoue, a o/ao aeaoae aeoiaoue, iuneeoue e natho ia naiii aeaea
?acoiiia, aeia?ia e aa/iia a aeaoneeo aeooao.

Iiaaei: E yoi ?acoiiia, aeia?ia e aa/iia aiineaaenoaee ia/eiaao
i?i?anoaoue a /aeiaaea. Eoi-oi yaeyao niaie aeaaiaeaoioth ii/ao aeey
iiaeiaiiai naiaie, o eiai-oi a aeooa eaiie, ii e a oii e a ae?oaii
neo/aa naiy oaea iinayii e aeaei iiyoue-oaee caeeth/aaony a i?ioeanna, a
naiii i?ioeanna i?i?anoaiey. O eiai-oi ii aeeeony aeieueoa, eoi-oi
ia/eiaao iieueciaaoueny eie nianai ?aii.

?inoiaa: E inoaaony aeaaiaea?iui naiaio o/eoaeth ia i?ioyaeaiee anae
aeecie. A o/eoaeue yoio aethaeai a oeieo, o iaai ni oeieie ?iiai. Aea,
aea. Eiaiii ?iiai: ianoiyuee, ethaiaiue. Oaeea ethaee iniaaiii oeaiiu.
I?i oaeeo aiai?yo: yoio /aeiaae ia naiai ianoa.

Iiaaei: A yoii niiaee oaaaeeoueny aeaa i?aaeuaeoueo auionea Ieiu
Aioiiiaiu. A iuiaoiai o/aaiii aiaeo iia acyea iiae naith iiaeo iiaia
iieieaiea o/aieeia. Iyoiio «A» eeanno iiaacei, aeaoe iiiaee a i?ae?aniua
aeia?ua ?oee.

?inoiaa: A iiaea?ie iie i?eaioiaeee naie ?enoiee, a eioi?ua, eae iiaee,
aeiaeeee anth naith ethaiaue. (Iieacuaaao iaeaai, aaea ia noaia caea
aenyo ?enoiee iyoeeeannieeia). Ii yoi ia ana. A iiaea?ie naiae
o/eoaeueieoea iie i?eaioiaeee aua e ianith. (aaaeouea ooiaeyo ca eoeenu)

Iyoa?i iyoeeeannieeia eniieiytho ianith E. Ieeieaaaa «Aeaiue
?iaeaeaiuey» iiae oiiia?aiio. Iinea eniieiaiey iicae?aaeytho aa onoii e
aea?yo iiaea?ie. Ia noeaio auoiaeyo aaaeouea.

Iiaaei: A 1992 aiaeo o Ieiu Aioiiiaiu ninoiyeny ia?aue auione a 4-ie
oeiea. Oa o/aieee i?eoee naaiaeiy iicae?aaeoue naiaai naiiai aeaaiiai
o/eoaey.

Ia?aua auioneieee onoii iicae?aaeytho thaeey?a e aea?yo ae

iiaea?ie.

III yieciae «N/anoeeaua aiaeu».

Iiaaei: Iaoaoa, ou /oi-oi oioaea ni?ineoue o Ieiu Aioiiiaiu?

?inoiaa: Aea. Ieia Aioiiiaia, eiaaea au noaiiaeeenue ia
i?aiiaeaaaoaeueneoth noacth, oi anoue eiaaea au iinooiaee a
Ai?ii-Aeoaeneee iaaeaaiae/aneee einoeooo, au ieii/aoaeueii auee oaa?aiu
a i?aaeeueiinoe naiaai auai?a? Ia auei ee o aan oioy au enei?ee
niiiaiey: ooaea ee iai?aaeaiu iie oneeey? Neiaii, ii/aio au ?aoeee
noaoue eiaiii iaaeaaiaii? ?anneaaeeoa iai iiaeaeoenoa.

THaeey? ioaa/aao ia i?aaeeiaeaiiue aii?in.

Iiaaei: Nianeai ca ioe?iaaiiinoue. Yo, iaaa?iia, e aanaeua iie – yoe
nooaeai/aneea aiaeu!

Aaaeouea ooiaeyo. Ia noeaio auiinyo noie e nooe. Aiea?aa N.

(11 eeann) ?acua?uaaao noeaieo «O?ie ca?oaaaeiie

eeoa?aoo?u». Auoiaeeo ia noeaio:

Cae?aanoaoeoa! *oi oe-oe, oa-oa? Cae?aanoaoeoa! Caoiaeeo
i?aiiaeaaaoaeue, /oi «cae?anueoa»? Anoaaaoue iaaei! «Cae?anueoa» iia.

Naaeeony ca i?aiiaeaaaoaeueneee noie:

Oae, cia/eo, aeaaaeoa n?aco aeiaiai?einy: eeai a eaaeooee oeiiaai, eeai
eaeoeeth neooaai, a oi yoi – oaaoeo ooo eaaeaeue ?ac.

Cia/eo, aeaaaeoa iiciaeiieiny. Ciaoo iaiy A?aao Eaaiu/. Caieoeoa. ss
nai ia anaaaea iiiith. Oaieeey iiy Eaieeaaeca. Oi?ioay oe?aeineay
oaieeey, /i au… Aanoe y o aan aoaeo ca?oaaaeioth eeoa?aoo?o, aea.

Cia/eo, io, iaiy au ciaaoa. Uan iiciaeiieiny n aaie iiaeeaea. ss,
cia/eo, iacuaath aaoe oaieeee, au a?iiei ioaa/aaoa «caeanue – iao»,
«aoaeao – ia aoaeao». Oo/o. ss oooiee aiiaua, aea.

Ia?aue ?ac /ueth oaieeeth iai?aaeeueii iaciao… Aoo, a aaea ?o/ea?
Aaea aeaaooea ooo, eioi?ay oiaeeea ana, aunooiaea, a na?ii. «Iia
i?aaeeanue aeaiueia a na?ii». Oaia?ue y ethaeth aieoauo, a, a aieoaii.
Oae, io, eaaeii, ?o/ee iao. ss oae, iaeueoeai ioia/o.

Oae, y i?aaeoi?aaeaeath n?aco: oa-oa e oeii-oeii aeaaaeoa oai
inoaaei – aio oai aio, e ana.

Aoiaeeo aeaaooea, i?eiineo ?o/eo.

Iiy oi?ioay annenoaioea ia eaoaae?a. C?y acyee… Ana, nianeai, eaeeoa,
oi?ioi, aaa. (Ae aneaae). Ne?iiiae oiaee, ia?aieo?nieoea.

Cia/eo, y oaieeeth iacuaath, a?iiei ioaa/aai. Oi?ioi,
aeiaiai?eeenue? Ia neuoo. Aeiaiai?eeenue? Oi?ioi.

O?oai/eiaa eoi? Eoi O?oai/eiaa?

Aiein ec caea: – Aieaao.

Aieaao? Auaeeaao oaia?ue oaea, iao?

Aaa, aeaaaeoa aeaeueoa, /i aea. Iioee aeieueoa. Oae O?oai/eiaa aieaao,
aaa. Yoi, eae aai, Oieaa?ue, ii – iia?

Aiein ec caea: – Iie.

Iie? «Aeaeae Nanoi» aeaa a iaeiii, a?

Aeaaooea, y ?acaiaa?eaath – au iinoiyiii e?ooeoanue. ss ?acaiaa?eaath
– au iinoiyiii… Eaeea iaaieiaoaeueiua, aeaaooea. Ia?aiue, y ia n oiaie
?acaiaa?eaath.

Aeaeueoa iiaoaee. Iiaoaee, eoi oaeie? Io, ia iiaacei /aeiaaeo n
oaieeeae. Eaaeii, oi?ioi.

A?aooeu-aa. A, aeaeeii ia –aa, aeaeeii aeaa. A?aooeu-aeaa. Io, aeaia
a?aooeaa, /i aea. Aeeciaoeu, iaaa?iia neaineea, a?aooeu-oi, aaa. A
oaieeey iaeia.

Io, ana, iiciaeiieeenue, caei?iai! Aanaeay a?oiia. Iia i?aaeony,
iieiaeoeu, /i aea. ss oiaea aanaeue aio. Aei nannee. Aeaeueoa a?onoeoue
ia/eiaai. Au.

Oae, cia/eo, caienuaaeoa: oaia eaeoeee. Caienuaaeoa. Ioe?uaaeoa,
caienuaaeoa, /i au niio?eoa. Ioe?uaaeoa, caienuaaeoa niaei. Cia/eo,
Aieueoa?: Eoi oaeie Aieueoa?, a?

Aiein ec caea: – Aa?ae.

Oa-oa, a y aeoiae o?aioeocneee ienaoaeue – naoe?ee. Io, a i?eioeeia
iaeii e oiaea, y iiiye.

A eae oaieeey, aio ?acaiai?/eaue oaeie? Eae oaieeey? *oiau y n?aco
caiiiiee.

Aiein ec caea: -Oiaea aa?aeneay.

Oiaea aa?aeneay? Neiaeiay oaieeey. *a?ac aeaoen? Oiaea – aa?aeneay,
aea? Oi?ioi, oi?ioi.

Cia/eo, Aieueoa?. Caienuaaai: ?iaeeeny, caiyoay, au?in, caiyoay, e
oia?, aineeeoeaoaeueiue ciae! Iao, iinoaaueoa o?e aineeeoeaoaeueiuo
ciaea!!! Neaaa Aiao, /oi oia?.

Oae, oi?ioi. Ana ia naaiaeiy, oaaoeo!

C?y, enoaoe, ?aaeoaoanue. Iiyoiio /oi y ia caiyoeyo ana ni?ioo i?i
Aieueoa?a. Ana, /oi aeaaae, ana ni?ioo. Io oi/ee aei oi/ee. Eoi ia
aniiiieo, n?aco auaiith e ana, e ana. Eaaeii. *oi-oi ?acioaeny y a?
Aeaa/iiee iieiaeua neaeyo, aao. Ia?aue eo?n, ia?aue ?ac. E caiiiieoa,
ana caiiiieoa: eeai au aoaeaoa ethaeoue iie i?aaeiao, eeai y aoaeo
ethaeoue aan.

Cia/eo, uan anee aueaeaoa a ei?eaei?, eiai-ieaoaeue ano?aoeoa ec
?aeoi?aoa e, cia/eo, yoi, aan ni?inyo: /i aan A?aao Eaaiu/ ii?aiueoa
ioionoee? Ciaaoa, /i ioaaoueoa… /i ioaaoueoa… A ie/aai ia ioaa/aeoa,
oaaaaeoa iao?ai e ana. Ia/aai ii ei?eaei?ai oanoaoue, ana.

Ooiaeeo. Ni noeaiu auiinyo noie e nooe.

IV yieciae «THaeeaeiue aiaeaaeeue»

Iiaaei: Naei Aeieaiai, Oiao/eineee ?aeii. Caeanue i?ioee oeieueiua aiaeu
iaoae aa?ieie, eiaaea aa caaee aua ia Ieiie Aioiiiaiie, a i?inoi Ieiie.

?inoiaa: N/anoeeaua aeaoneea aiaeu. Eiaiii a yoi a?aiy caeeaaeuaaaony
oa?aeoa? e i?eaycaiiinoe /aeiaaea ia anth aeeciue. Eiaiii oiaaea,
i/aaeaeii, noaea i?iyaeyoueny onoie/eaay neeiiiinoue Ieiu Aioiiiaiu e
eeoa?aoo?a.

Iiaaei: Ethaiaue e ?iiaiai i?aa?aoeeanue a oeieueiue ?iiai aeeeiiith a
aeeciue.

?inoiaa: Iuiaoiea oeieueieee ethayo yoio i?aaeiao ia iaiueoa. Ethaiaue
yoa aueeeanue o ieo a caoaaouaathuaa i?aaenoaaeaiea.

Aaaeouea ooiaeyo. Ia noeaia ?acua?uaaaony oaao?aeeciaaiiia

i?aaenoaaeaiea «THaeeaeiue aiaeaaeeue», iiaeaioiaeaiiia

noa?oaeeannieeaie. (9-10 eeannu).

Cao/eo oiiia?aiia ec ioeueooeeueia «Ieanoeeeiiaay

ai?iia». («Iaeio i?inooth neaceo, a iiaeao e ia neaceo…»)

Iiae «*anoooee Aaaie-Aaeae» ec ioeueooeeueia «Eaoo/ee

ei?aaeue» ia noeaio iiyaeythony Oa?a, Iaoa?a, e ssaony.

Oa?a: Neuooa, noa?ua, naaiaeiy a 4-ie oeiea i?acaeiee ?onneiai ycuea, O
Ieiu Aioiiiaiu A?aooeaaie naaiaeiy thaeeae.

Iaoa?a: Eae? THaeeae? O Ieiu Aioiiiaiu? Iaoaeoi naaiaeiy? E ?onneee
sscue, eiia/ii, oai aoaeao. E ian, eiia/ii, ia i?eaeaneee. A iiiieoa,
aeaaee, iia iai o?ieee ii ?onneiio ycueo ca aiae aeaieea? I?eoeinue a
Aaaee-Aaeee iiaeaaaoueny.

Oa?a: Aea, aieueoa ieeoaea ia aa?oo!

ssaony: A iia-oi, nano?aiee, iyoa?eo iinoaaeea, iaeei ?ac Ie, ethaeth y
?onneee ycue. E /oi y aiiaua ooo n aaie aeaeath n aaca?aiioiuie?

Iaoa?a: Ie/aai ia aeaeaaoue, iiea.

ssaony: E ia niae?athnue. Ciath y aan, nae/an iiyoue /oi-ieaoaeue
i?eaeoiaaoa aaaeeia. Ia i?eaeaneee aan! E i?aaeeueii naeaeaee, /oi ia
i?eaeaneee. Ian aiiaua ieeoaea ioneaoue iaeuecy. Iaeie i?iaeaiu io ian.

Ooiaeeo

Iaoa?a: Io, iiaeiaeaeeoa au o iaiy. Neieueei eao i?ioei. A eae nae/an
ia?aae aeacaie: noaaeo o?ieeo.

Oa?a: N?uaaoue i?acaeiee iaaei!

Iaoa?a: Iaaei, Oa?a, iaaei. I?ioanney iaoa oaeay!

Oa?a: Io /oi, iieiaai yoio ?onneee sscue aea ni?y/ai. A aac iaai eaeie
i?acaeiee, eaeie thaeeae?

Iaoa?a: Oi/ii! Aoaeoo ciaoue eae ian ia i?eaeaoaoue! Ii eae iai aai
iioeoeoue?

Oa?a: Aoaeai a?aoue ia aeeaoea.

Iaoa?a: Ia iiiye.

Oa?a: I/aiue i?inoi. Ooo o iaiy ienueiaoei caaaeyeinue io ?onneiai
sscuea.

Iaoa?a: Ou /oi n iei ia?aienuaaaoueny?

Oa?a: Aea iao. A i?ioeii aiaeo ca iiie iaeei ii/oaeueii aaaae…

Iaoa?a: Aea io?!

Oa?a: ss o iaai noieo n ii/oie nia?ea, oae ii ca iiie oeaeue aeaiue ii
eano aiiyeny. Iaoa ssaony aea no?aaeaao ii ?onneiio sscueo. Any i?yi
ennioeanue. Io oae aio, aeaaeei iaoae aaaeiaiueeie, ian/anoiaiueeie
nano?eoea aae?an ?onneiai sscuea. Iia aio iaieoao. Ii, anoanoaaiii
i?eaaeao.

Iaoa?a: A iu aai noaaoei e ni?y/ai. Caei?iai!

Oa?a e Iaoa?a: ssaony! Eaee nthaea!

Iiae oiiia?aiio auoiaeeo ssaony («Iai n oiaie oaea aeaaii

aianoa auoue ia noaeaeaii…»)

Oa?a: Eii/eeenue oaie no?aaeaiey, ssaony.

Iaoa?a: O ian anoue aae?an oaiaai ethaeiiai.

ssaony: Aaea ii? Aeaeoa iia aai. (Ooiaeeo)

Iaoa?a: N?aaioaei!

Oa?a: Io, iieaeai aioiaeoueny e ano?a/a aei?iaiai ainoy. (Ooiaeyo)

Auoiaeeo ?onneee sscue. Aio iaano?a/o ssaony.

?onneee sscue: Cae?aanoaoe, ssaony! Iieo/ee oaia ienueii. Ienaea ou,
/oiau i?eaoae y. Oae ca/ai y oaaa aue ioaeai?

Cao/eo oiiia?aiia («Ou ia ni?aoeaae aieueoa, iie/e…»)

A oi a?aiy eae ssaony iiao Oa?a e Iaoa?a iioeuatho ?on-

neee sscue, caai?a/eaay aai a i?inouith.

ssaony: ?onee! sscu/ie! Aaea ou?

Aoiaeeo Eeoa?aoo?a.

Eeoa?aoo?a: *oi neo/eeinue? A aaea ?onneee sscue?

ssaony: (iea/ao) Aai iioeoeee iie i?ioeaiua nano?u.

Eeoa?aoo?a: *oi aea aeaeaoue? Aaea aea iai eo eneaoue? Eae aea iai
inaiaiaeeoue ?onneee sscue?

ssaony: ss ia ciath. Ana i?iiaei. Ia aoaeao ieeaeiai i?acaeieea.

Eeoa?aoo?a. Aea, iaeaaeay caaea/a. E yoo caaea/o iiaeao ?aoeoue oieueei
iaeei ec ian.

ssaony: Eoi?

Eeoa?aoo?a: Yoi – iaeei ec ian.

ssaony: *oi aea iu oiaaea noiei? Iaaei nei?aa caaoue aai ia iiiiuue.

Cao/eo oiiia?aiia n iienaieai Aeoieaia Iaeeaoaea ec

oaeana?eaea «Ai?aoe».

Eeoa?aoo?a: Cae?aanoaoe Aeoieai. A yoi – iaeia ec Aaaie Aaeae. Ii iia –
oi?ioay.

Ai?aoe: Aea, iia iioiaea ia naieo nanoa?.

Eeoa?aoo?a: Aa nano?u oe?aee ?onneee sscue, iiiiae iai.

Ai?aoe: Eae yoi neo/eeinue?

ssaony: ss iaienaea ienueii ?onneiio sscueo e ii i?eaoae. Io, iu
caeanue… n iei… aiai?eee i i?aaenoiyuai i?acaeieea, e aae?oa ii en/ac…
ss ciath, yoi ana iie i?ioeaiua nano?u. Iie iaeaeaeenue, /oi eo ia
i?eaeaneee ia i?acaeiee.

Ai?aoe: Oae, iia ana i?aaeaeueii ynii. A 1739 aiaeo ni iiie oiaea
i?iecioei ia/oi iiaeiaiia. Nae/an ?anneaaeo.

Iiao iiae oiiia?aiio («AEee-aue iaeei eiceaiie…»)

Eeoa?aoo?a aai inoaiaaeeaaao.

Eeoa?aoo?a: Iao a?aiaie, Iaeeaoae. Iaaei nianaoue i?acaeiee, au?o/aoue
?onneee sscue ec aaaeu, oi?iieoueny iaaei.

Ai?aoe: Ia aieioeoanue, y iouuo aai ?onneee sscue. (Ooiaeeo)

Ai?aoe ooiaeeo iiae oiiia?aiio: «?ac, aeaa, o?e, /aou?a, iyoue,

y eaeo oaay eneaoue». Eeoa?aoo?a oaiaeeo n niaie ssaonth.

Iiae oiiia?aiio ianie a?oiiu «No?aeee» «Oa?i/ea, n

Iaoa?i/eie» ia noeaia iiyaeythony Oa?a e Iaoa?a.

Oa?a e Iaoa?a: I, Aeoieai, eaeeie aao?aie? A?aiy oaay ia enii?oeei.

Ai?aoe: Caoi aan iio?aiaei. ss oi/o neacaoue, iia iiiaaeiaeony aaoa
iiiiuue.

Oa?a e Iaoa?a iiae oiiia?aiio: «Ou neaaee, /i oa iaaei?»

Ai?aoe iiae oiiia?aiio «ss oi/o neacaoue, ionoue aa?iaony oi,

/oi auei». Oa?a e Iaoa?a iiae oiiia?aiio: «Iu iiiaee,

iu iiiaee».

Oa?a: Aeoiy, iu ia oioaee ieeiai iaeaeaoue.

Iaoa?a: Iaeeooa, iu aieueoa ia aoaeai. A ?onneee sscue iaoiaeeony aio ii
yoiio aae?ano, o Eiuay.

Ai?aoe: E aiiaua ii?a au aai ia?anoaoue oai?eoue anyeea aaaeinoe.

Oa?a e Iaoa?a: Oaea ia?anoaee, Aeoiyoa, oaea ia?anoaee!

Ai?aoe: Oioaeinue au aa?eoue. Oioy ai?aaouo oieueei ia/ iiaeao
eni?aaeoue. (Ooiaeeo)

Iaoa?a: Aio yoi iu iiiaee.

Oa?a: A eoi ciae, /oi iie Iaeeaoaea iiciaoo ia iiiiuue.

Iaoa?a: Iaaei nei?aa e Eiuath eaoaoue. Oieueei ii n ia/ii oiaao oioue
eae-oi ia?auaoueny.

Oa?a: Iieaoaee aea nei?ae. A oi Iaeeaoae nei?i aa?iaony. (Oaaaatho)

Iiae oiiia?aiio «Ianie aiaeyiiai» ec ioeueooeeueia «Eaoo-

/ee ei?aaeue» iiyaeyaony aiaeyiie. Iuouaao iiyaeaiea

Ai?oea.

Ai?aoe: Aaea ?onneee sscue?

Aiaeyiie: Eaeie ?onneee sscue?

Ai?aoe: Eaeie – eaeie? E?aneaue, iiao/ee ?onneee sscue.

Aiaeyiie: Iao. Aai o iaiy iao. O iaiy nae/an aiiaua ieeiai iao. Aania,
iiieiaaoue, caaaaei/iia a?aiy aiaea.

Ai?aoe: Oae ou ia Eiuae?

Aiaeyiie: Iao. ss, Aiaeyiie. Aio, aeaaea ethaee iiaeoaa?aeyo.

Ai?aoe: Aiaeyiie?! Iiyoue iaiaioee noa?ooe.

Aiaeyiie: A /oi neo/eeinue?

Ai?aoe: Iia ioaeii iouneaoue ?onneee sscue: ii a caeeth/aiee o Eauay.

Aiaeyiie aai iiaeaea?aeeaaao. Iiae oiiia?aiio («Niaei aeaeae naia
aeaei!») ooiaeyo. Iiyaeythony Oa?a, Iaoa?a e Eiuae.

Oa?a: Ciaaoue, Eiuae, y au oaeiai ia noa?iaea. Anee au e iiae
aicethaeaiiie…

Iaoa?a: …Eeoa?aoo?a…

Oa?a: … Eeoa?aoo?a i?eaoae au eaeie-oi ioaeee ec-ca a?aieoeu naaoaoueny…
Aea y au aai ia eonee ii?oaaea.

Iaoa?a: E neacaea au, /oi oae e auei.

Eiuae iiao iiae oiiia?aiio («ss aue n/anoeea, aue iaeaai…») Oa?a e
Iaoa?a iiaeiaaatho.

Eiuae: An? y ii?ao aai. ss, y ii?oaeth aai ia eoni/ee e i?acaeie/iiio
noieo! Oieueei iaciaeoa aai eiy!

Oa?a e Iaoa?a: Aeoieai Iaeeaoae.

Eiuae: Eoi? Ecaeieoa, y ia ?anneuoae. Aeoieai?

Oa?a e Iaoa?a: Iaeeaoae

Eiuae iiao iiae oiiia?aiio («A ai?ea cano?ye no?aoa aeioie…») Iuouaao
iiyaeaiea Ai?oea.

Ai?aoe: Aaea ?onneee sscue?

Eiuae: Oaaa aai ieeiaaea ia iieo/eoue.

Ai?aoe: Yoi iu aua iiniio?ei.

Ia/eiaaony aie iiae oiiia?aiio ec oaeana?eaea «Ai?aoe».

Oa?a e Iaoa?a n enioaii iaaethaeaao ca iiaaeeieii.

Ai?aoe iiaaaeaeaao Eiuay.

Ai?aoe: Aeaeaee?

Oa?a e Iaoa?a: Aea.

Ai?aoe: Ia aa?iaoa ?onneee sscue n aaie aoaeao oi aea naiia.

Oa?a e Iaoa?a: Iu aa?iai, iu aa?iai, iu ana naeaeaai. Iu ieaii.
(Oaaaatho).

Auoiaeyo Eeoa?aoo?a, ssaony, e Aiaeyiie.

Aiaeyiie: *oi caeanue i?iecioei?

Eeoa?aoo?a: Aaea ?onneee sscue?

ssaony: *oi n iei?

Ai?aoe: Ia aieioeoanue, ana iiae eiio?ieai. ss Eiuay iaeieae. A ?onneee
sscue Oa?a e Iaoa?a nae/an naie i?eaaaeoo.

ssaony: E ou ei iiaa?ee?

Ai?aoe: O ieo iao auai?a. Iie ana aeaeaee e ciatho, /oi eo iiaeao
iaeeaeaoue.

Aiaeyiie: Iaeiiaoe-oi ana oeaaeeeinue.

ssaony: E iaeiiaoe-oi y oaeaeo aai niiaa!

Iiae oeuaaii/eo Oa?a e Iaoa?a auaiaeyo ia noeaio ?onneee

sscue.

?onneee sscue: Nianeai aai anai! Ca oi, /oi au ia caauee iai iia. *oi au
iaiy nianee ec caoi/aiey Eiuaaaa. A, enoaoe, aaea ii, /oi n iei?

Oa?a e Iaoa?a: Ii oaee aai.

Ia noeaio auiiecaao Eiuae. Oa?a e Iaoa?a i?iyaeytho e

iaio nino?aaeaiea e iiaeieiatho n iiea. Eiuae iiae oiii-

a?aiio i?eciaaony a ethaae ei anai.

?onneee sscue: Io aio e iieiaeaoe Eiuae. A au, Oa?a e Iaoa?a, aoaeaoa
oi?ioeie?

Oa?a e Iaoa?a: Eiia/ii, eiia/ii, iu oioei auoue oi?ioeie e iu aoaeai
oi?ioeie. Iu ia?aiaieiny e naeaaeei yecaiai ii ?onneiio ycueo Ieia
Aioiiiaia ia iyoa?ee.

?onneee sscue: Ana oi?ioi, /oi oi?ioi eii/aaony.

Ana ia oiia iocuee:

Iu ethaei Aan e Aao i?aaeiao, Ieia Aioiiiaia. N Aeiai ?iaeaeaiey!

V yieciae. «Anoue oieueei iea»

?inoiaa: I?eyoii, /oi aeia?ua neeu niiaa acyee aa?o iaae ceuie.
Oeieueieee ana-oaee au?o/eee ?onneee sscue ec aaaeu.

Iiaaei: Cia/eo aoaeai aeeoue. Aoaeai aiai?eoue ia iaoai ?iaeiii ycuea,
/eoaoue ia iai i?iecaaaeaiey aaeeeeo ?onneeo ienaoaeae, i?eciaaaoueny a
ethaae, iaeiiaoe.

?inoiaa: A ethaae e ethaeiiio /aeiaaeo, e ethaeiiio aeaeo, e ethaeiie
i?ioannee.

Iiaaei: Ieia Aioiiiaia! Neiaieu aaoae ethaeiie i?ioannee au iieo/eoa
naaiaeiy ec ?oe naiiai ?onneiai sscuea. I?ioo auianoe oeaceo e aoeaa?ue.

Aaaeouay aeaaiaea?eo anao o/eoaeae e thaeey?a a /anoiinoe

ca eo iaeaaeee o?oae. (Ooiaeeo).

Aaaeouee eniieiyao iiae «iaioniaeo» ianith «anoue oieueei

iea»

Nienie eniieueciaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u.

Aa?ieeianeee Y.A. ?aaeenno?a eeoaiuo ianniauo i?aaenoaaeaiee. – E.:1977

Iaeaaiiaiei A.I. Oai?/anoai Iooeeia a 1983-a aiaeu (1833-1936),
Eaieia?aae, ecae.: «Ooae. eeoa?aoo?a», 1982a.

Ia?eia I.E. Noeaia?ii-?aaeenna?neea iniiau ooaeiaeanoaaiii-iaaeaaiae-

/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe eeoaa: o/aaiia iiniaea aeey nooaeaioia einoeoooia
eoeueoo?u. – I.: I?inaauaiea, 1988.

Ii/aeia TH. Eiiiiceoeey noeaie/aneiai i?ino?ainoaa (iiyoeea
iecainoeaiu). O/aaiia iiniaea aeey o/aaiuo caaaaeaiee eoeueoo?u. – I.:
I?inaauaiea, 1981a.

?ooaa?a E.A. Iaioiieia. Aeaeaeaiea e ia?ac. – I.: Nia. ?inney, 1981.
(A-/ea «A iiiiuue ooaeiaeanoaaiiie naiiaeayoaeueiinoe»).

O?aeueneay A.E. I?e?iaea oaioea. – I.: Nia. ?inney, 1981. (A-/ea «A
iiiiuue ooaeiaeanoaaiiie naiiaeayoaeueiinoe»).

«Yioeeeeiiaaee/aneee neiaa?ue thiiai eeoa?aoo?iaaaea», A.E. Iiaeeia,
Iineaa, ecae. «Iaaeaaiaeea», 1987a.

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