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Основы культурологии

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Oai?/aneay ee/iinoue

«Ooaeiaeiee» a iaoea i eoeueoo?a i?eiaiyaony a aieaa oe?ieii niunea
cia/aiey e iiae?acoiaaaao ethaoth oai?/aneoth ee/iinoue iacaaeneii io a?
?iaea aeayoaeueiinoe.

E?oa i?iaeai naycaiiuo n ooaeiaeieeii:

1. i?iaeaia ianiaiaaeaiey oa?aeoa?a eae oai?oea a eneonnoaa e
ooaeiaeieea eae ee/iinoe a iauaeaiiie aeecie. (I. Ciuaiei e N. Anaiei):
i?iecaaaeaiey aan?eua, neeiiai e aeeiaieth, nai a?onoiue, aeai?anneaiue.

2. i?iaeaia oaeaioa:

· yaeyaony ee oaeaio iaa?aaeie e n/anoueai eee iaeacaieai e io/aieai?

· yaeyaony ee oaeaio a?iaeae?iiie /a?oie eee i?eia?ao?iiui ea/anoaii,
iiaeii ee aai oi?ie?iaaoue?

I?aaeiieaaaaony, /oi oaeaio aea?ony io i?e?iaeu, ii oai ia iaiaa
iaaethaeathony ioaeaeueiua oaeou, eiaaea aea?iaaiea aicieeaei o ie/ai ia
i?eia/aoaeueiuo ethaeae ioo?i iai?aaeaiiie eioaeeaeooaeueiiai o?oaea.
(Ceiaeaea ?aeo)

3. i?iaeaia «aaiee e ceiaeaenoai» (A. Y. Ia?a?oieueae)

Oi/ea c?aiey Iooeeia: Aaiee e ceiaeaenoai – 2 aaue ianiaianoeiua.

Naaiaeiyoiyy oi/ea c?aiey: aaieaeueiue /aeiaae niaea?aeeo a naaa e
aaee/anoaaiiia aeia?i e aaee/anoaaiiia cei, ii oiaao iaoiaeeoue iaaeaeo
yoeie e?aeiinoyie ?aaiiaanea aeieacuaaao aai aaieaeueiinoue.

4. i?iaeaia «aaiee e aacoiea»

A. I. *aoia e Ianoa?iae eiaee iaeea no?aiiinoe. Ea?iiioia ia Eaaeaca, ii
anaaaea oai, aaea iianiinoue. Aeinoiaaneee – no?aieaiea e ea?a. Oienoie
aaeae aeaia ia?aienaoue «Aieio e IE?» 12 ?ac, aue aeanoieei.

Oi/ea c?aiey *aca?a Eieaa?ini: «Oaeaio – yoi ?aciiaeaeiinoue aeooaaiie
aieacie, anyeee aaieaeueiue /aeiaae aacoiai».

Nia?aiaiiay oi/ea c?aiey: I?e/oaeeeaia iiaaaeaiea aaieaeueiuo oai?oeia –
yoi ia iieacaoaeue eo noianoanoaey, a aeieacaoaeuenoai eo
i?eaeiaeueiinoe, oieeaeueiinoe. (I. Oeaaoaaaa, 2aiaea-?aciuoeyao i
nia?oe, a 16 eao iieeony ia Iaiieaiia)

5. i?iaeaia ene?aiiinoe e oaeueoe.

Eaaeaeue ooaeiaeiee ii ?iaeo naiae aeayoaeueiinoe iaycai i?eoai?youeny.
Ii aeea?o a ie?a eeethcee, iaeiaei aai i?eoai?noai ia eiaao ie/aai
iauaai n eeoeaia?eai, iii yaeyaony iieacaoaeai ia oaeueoe eee eaee, a
ianoa?noaa, oiaiey aeeoue a oai?/aneie ?aaeueiinoe. (A. Aeoiaaneay –
iioooeea ai?yuee ia?ee, A. Aie/ae – ai a?aiy io/ayiey aeoiaao i oeeueia)

Iaeioi?ua ooaeiaeieee auaatho ianoieueei iiaeiuaiu eeethceae e
i?eoai?noaii, /oi i?aa?auatho anth naith aeeciue a ea?o iinea /aai ei
auaaao o?oaeii aa?iooueny e naaa «ianoiyuaio», ioaeaeeoue «oai?/aneoth
ianeo io eeoea» (N. Aeaee: aeia?aoey aeey ioaeeee neeueii ioee/aaony io
aai nianoaaiiie aeia?aoee)

6. i?iaeaia oai?/aneiai e?ecena. Aeey eaaeaeiai ooaeiaeieea iao ie/aai
no?aoiaa, /ai iioa?y oaeaioa. Iaaiciiaeii oai?eoue, oo?aoa aaeioiiaaiey
aeey iaai an? ?aaii /oi nia?oue, o.e. any aai aeeciue yaeyaony
oai?/anoaii.

Eeanneoeeaoeey ooaeiaeieeia.

1. Ii Ea?eo Aonoaao THiao:

· Ineoieiae/aneee oei ooaeiaeieea – ciaao aeeciaiioth ?aaeueiinoue,
oiaao oi/ii io?aaeaoue a? a naieo i?iecaaaeaieyo, ciaoie ineoieiaee
ethaeae.

· Aeceiia?neee oei – aiaaoay oaioacey, oai?eo eiooeoeeae, io?aaeaao a
i?iecaaaeaieyo i?eaeoiaiiia.

2. Ii O?eae?eoo Ieoeoa

· Aiiieiie/aneee oei – ooaeiaeiee aa?iiie/iue, o?aaiiaaoaiiue,
iiaeaea?aeeaathuee o?aaeeoeee, no?aiyueeny io?aaeaoue ie?.

· Aeeiienoe/aneee – eeo?i aa?iiiee, iaoi?aaeyaiue, neeiiai e
iiaaoi?noao, io?aaeaao nai? ss.

Oaiiiai eoeueoo?u

No?iaiea eoeueoo?ieiae eae iaoee:

1. Oai?ey eoeueoo?u – iauea i?eioeeiu e caeiiu.

2. enoi?ey eoeueoo?u – iienaiea ia?eiaeia eoeueoo?u, ?acaeaathueony a
ii?yaeea o?iiieiaee.

3. iaaeaeenoeeieeia?iua nayce – ioiioaiey iaaeaeo eoeueoo?ie e
iieeoeeie, yeiiiieeie, ?aeeaeae, ia?aciaaieai e ainieoaieai, ii?aeueth.

Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu eoeueoo?ieiae:

1. Eoeueoo?a?

2. Eaeia iauanoai iiaeii ano?a/aoue eoeueoo?iui?

3. Eae eoeueoo?a ca?iaeaeaaony e ?acaeaaaony?

4. Aii?in i ae?aaieo oeeaeeecaoeeyo e i ia?aioeaiee eo ?iee a ie?iaii
eoeueoo?iii i?ioeanna.

Ii?aaeaeaiee eoeueoo?u:

1. «Eoeueoo?a – yoi nicaeaiea oiai, /aai iao a i?e?iaea» –

2. «Eoeueoo?a – yoi niaieoiiinoue aeooiaiuo oeaiiinoae» –

3. AE. Aaioa: «Eoeueoo?a – yoi niaoeeoe/aneay /aeiaa/aneay
aeayoaeueiinoue, oa?aeoa?ecothuay /aeiaaea eae aeae».

4. Ae. N. Eeoa/?a: «Eoeueoo?a – yoi aeoeaiay iaiyoue /aeiaa/anoaa,
aeoeaii aea aeeth/?iiay ei a nia?aiaiiinoue». (Oi /oi oeaiii)

5. TH. Iaethaa: «Eoeueoo?a – yoi oieeaeueiue iauanoaaiiue i?aaieci,
eiathuee naie caeiiu nouanoaiaaiey, eioi?ua aace?othony ia
i?aiaeaaeathueo oeaiiinoyo ii?aee».

6. I. Ao?aae/: «Eoeueoo?a – niaieoiiinoue ciaiee, niuneia e oeaiiinoae,
?iaeae?iiuo oai?/anoaii /aeiaaea».

*a?ou, iaiaoiaeeiua aeey oi?ie?iaaiey eoeueoo?u a iauanoaa:

1. iniuneaiiay ?a/ue

2. ia?aoiae io eiie?aoiiai iuoeaiey e aano?aeoiiio

3. iaee/ea ii?aeueiie nenoaiu (?yae cai?aoia)

4. ?anneiaiea iauanoaa, ?acaeaea aai ia ieaiaia, eeannu, iaoeee, ia?oee.

5. oiaiea ecaioiaeyoue i?oaeey o?oaea e iieueciaaoueny eee ei ia
i?aeoeea.

Oai?ee i?ienoiaeaeaiey eoeueoo?u.

1. I?oaeeeii – o?oaeiaay. E.Ia?en e O. Yiaaeuen.

Iiaeiaii oiio eae «o?oae i?aa?aoee iaacueyio a /aeiaaea» iaeaaeaiea
i?oaeeyie o?oaea i?aa?auaao i?eieoeaiia iauanoai a eoeueoo?iia.

2. Oai?ey iaaee. O. ?Iccae.

Eoeueoo?a aicieeaao ec ia?aiauoiuo oaiaineeo ia?yaeia, eiaaea
eieaeianeie ?eooae nii?iaiaeaeaaony ecia?aaeaieai ethaeae e aeeaioiuo,
iaieai, oaioeai. N oa/aieai a?aiaie ?aeeaeiciua iiiaiou iooiaeyo ia
caaeiae ieai, a ooaeiaeanoaaiiua oneeeaathony.

3. ineoieiae/aneay oai?ey. E. Iyioi?ae.

Aeey oiai, /oiau aicieeea eoeueoo?a a eaaeaeii ioaeaeueiii /aeiaaea e a
iauanoaa a oeaeii aeieaeiu auoue ?acaeou oaeea ea/anoaa, eae aano?aeoiia
iuoeaiea, oiaiea aiaeece?iaaoue, iaiyoue, aiia?aaeaiea. An? yoi
iaiaoiaeeii /oiau aini?eiaiaoue yaeaiey eoeueoo?u ia oieueei aoeaaeueii,
ii e neiaiee/anee.

Ii?aaeaeaiea eoeueoo?u ii E. Iyioi?aeo: «Eoeueoo?a – yoi i?iecaiaenoai
neiaieia».

Iaioaeueiinoue (iaioaeeoao) eae iniiaa iaoeeiiaeueiie eoeueoo?u

Iaioaeueiinoue (iaioaeeoao) eiaao aa?eaioa ii?aaeaeaiey:

1. A auo iiieiaiee – iaoeeiiaeueiue oa?aeoa?

2. a iiieiaiee ineoieiaa – aanniciaoaeueiay i?aae?aniieiaeaiiinoue e
ii?aaeae?iiiio oeio aeaenoaee eee iuoeaiey.

3. a iiieiaiee eoeueoo?ieiaa – niaieoiiinoue eaeae, i?aaenoaaeaiee e
iaaueia, eioi?ua ia?acotho ea?oeio ie?a e ne?aieytho aaeeinoai eaeie –
eeai eoeueoo?iie o?aaeeoeee eee niiauanoaa.

Iaioaeeoao – iaoeeiiaeueiia naienoai auaeaeyao e cae?aieyao oa /a?ou
oa?aeoa?a, eioi?ua iaeaieaa i?enoue eiie?aoiiio ia?iaeo (iaiaoeeay
aeeo?aoiinoue, eaaeacneia ainoai?eeinoai, ?onneia ieeina?aeea, yiiineay
aa?iinoue eeyoaa).

Iaioaeeoao oa?aeoa?ai aeey yiioe, oiaea iaeaaeaao iaai?ii
ineoieiae/aneeo /a?o (ia?aiauoiue iaioaeeoao – i?aiaeaaeaiea oece/aneiai
ia/aea iaae aeooiaiui, i?aiaeaaeaiea eiooeoeee iaae eioaeeaeoii).

Iaioaeeoao n?aaeieo aaeia iaaeae?i oaeeie ea/anoaaie eae: e?aeiae
noaiaie ?aeeaeiciinoue a eo ni/aoaiee n i?ecaie?iiii, i?eieoeaiii
iiieiaiee aa?u. *aeiaae n/eoaeny ee/iinoueth oieueei oiaaea, eiaaea aue
iioiae ia eaeie-eeai ca?aiaa onoaiiaeaiiue ia?ac.

Naaiaeiy: /ae yaeyaony ee/iinoueth, anee ii ie ia eiai ia iioiae,
oieeaeai.

N?aaiaiea caiaaeiuo e ainoi/iuo iaioaeeoaoia:

1. /ae caiaaea iinoiyiii euao niune aeecie, a anee ia iiaeao aai
iaeoe-?aci/a?iauaaaony.

Ethaee ainoiea iieaaatho, /oi iaca/ai eneaoue niune aeecie iioiio /oi
an? ia naaoa iaeaaeaao niuneii, oeaiiinoueth e cia/eiinoueth. (oi?aiaaoe
yioa??i)

2. Ethaee caiaaea iaoeaeaiu ia oi, /oiau ai?ioueny , nii?ioeaeyoueny,
iiaaaeaeaoue noaeueao, ethaui ioo?i aeieacuaaoue nai? eeaea?noai.
Iieaaatho, /oi aeeciaiiue iooue iiaeii eciaieoue.

Ethaee ainoiea n/eoatho, /oi o eaaeaeiai anoue naiy eeiey noaeueau e
iaiyoue a? i?aaeiacia/aiea aaniieacii.

3. Aeey caiaae e aino iaioaeeoaoia niaa?oaiii ii-?aciiio auaeyaeyo oaeea
eaoaai?ee eae /anoue, eeyoaa, aeiea, ieeina?aeea e aeanoieinoue. (iueana
– a?iaieoea oieaaoe 1000aeiae noiyoue o aaeeiia).

4. caiaaeiua /ae – eiie?aoiinoue, aino – ooiaiiinoue.

5. /ae caiaaea- naiiethaea, ai?aeinoue, oieaeaiea e inei?aeaiea
aieaciaiii. Ethaee ainoiea ia iiieiatho, /oi oaeia oieaeaiea.

Eoeueoo?iay eaeaioeoeeaoeey

5 aeooiaiuo iio?aaiinoae auaeae …ineoieia:

1. iio?aaiinoue a iauaiee

2. iio?aaiinoue a iiciaiee

3. iio?aaiinoue iaeoe naie iaoe. Ei?ie

4. iio?aaiinoue iaeoe ia?acaoe aeey iiae?aaeaiey.

5. iio?aaiinoue a oai?/anoaa.

No?oeoo?a eoeueoo?iie eaeaioeoeeaoeee:

1. eoiieaeaioe/iinoue – ii?aaeaeaiea nianoaaiiie iaoeee.

2. ?aeeaeiciay eaeaioe/iinoue

3. nianoaaiii – eoeueoo?iay eaeaioe/iinoue (ii e?iae – ?onneay, ii aa?a
– aoaeaeeci, eoeueoo?a – oaaaeea)

4. ee/iinoiay eaeaioe/iinoue – auai? eoie?a.

?aaeecoaony ii 3 iai?aaeaieyi:

1. auai? eoie?a (iiae?aaeaiea)

2. auai? eaeaaea (iiieiaiea ia?acoea aeey iiae?aaeaiey e i?eoe?aoeaaiea
aai ea/anoa)

3. auai? yoaeiia (- e +ea/anoaa /ae aeaeeo a yoaeiia)

aini?eyoea a?aiaie o ia?iaeia naycaii n 2 a?aiaiiuie iiaeaeyie:

1. iiiio?iiiay – i?yiay eeiey=a?aiy, eaaeaeay oi/ea ia iae aeieaeia
auoue caiyoa eiie?aoiui aeaeii. A oaeeo eoeueoo?ao iaiaaeaeyo iiicaeaiea
(aeaeaioeueiaiu aeaeoo 10 iei): aiaee/aia, iaioeu, aieeaiaeoeu,
eniaioeu, oaaaeu, ii?aaaeoeu, NOA.

2. iieeo?iiiay – nie?aeue, ethaay oi/ea eioi?ie iiaeao auoue caiyoa /ai
oaiaeii. Iiicaeaiea ia 50 iei. A?aceeey, a?aaioeia, eee ia 1,5 /ana –
ia?iaeu ao?eee

Ooaeiaeanoaaiiay eioi?iaoeey

Ioee/ey ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eioi?iaoeee (OE) io iao/iie:

1. OE iaen/a?iaaia

2. OE eiaao aeoaieoth ee/iinoioth ie?aneo

3. OE ia iaycaia auoue aeinoiaa?iie

OE naycaia n niioiioaieai i?aaaeu e enoeiiu: i?aaaea – aeieoiaio, oi/iue
oaeo; enoeia – aunoea aeooiaiua oeaiiinoe, aa/iu e iiaoo auoue ia
naycaiu n eiie?aoiuie oaeoaie.

A iaoea anoue i?aaaea, a eneonnoaa a? iiaeao e ia auoue, ii enoeiia
anoue anaaaea.

4. OE aea?o oaeou e i?aaeinoaaeyao iai ii?aeueiua oeaiiinoe,
aia/aoeaiey, yiioeee e oaeiaieuenoaea.

5. OE aieaa onoie/eaa e na?ue?ciui iia?aaeaeaieyi e iaiaa – e
iaaieueoei.

OE oanii naycaia n eiie?aoiie yiioie e auaaao, /oi nionoy 50 eao iia
aini?eieiaaony ia oi/ii, aeaaea ioeai/ii ec-ca oiai, /oi iiiaea neiaa
iiiaiyee nai? cia/aiea.

Oai?ee OE:

1. Ea?e Aonoaa THia. (thiaaioanoai)

Oai?ey aace?oaony ia iiiyoee a?oaoei – ia?acaoe ee/iinoe eee neooaoeee,
eioi?ua anaaaea auee e anaaaea aoaeoo. A?oaoeiu i?ioiaeyo iaeciaiii
/a?ac ana i?iecaaaeaiey ie?iaiai eneonnoaa, iiyoiio OE, ii iiaieth
THiaa, i/aiue noaaeeueia. A iae iaiythony oieueei ioaeaeueiua oo?eoe, a
a oeaeii iia iiaanoaoao i aa/iuo eaoaai?eyo (anaai a ie?a ian/eouaatho
ia aieaa 30 nthaeaoia).

A?oaoeiu: aa?ie, ceiaeae, ioae?aoe, aaaioth?eno, aa?iay aeaia, ?ieiaay
aeaiueia, aeaieiee, ieaaeoee a?ao, iaoue, ia?ac nia?oe.

A?oaoeiu neooaoeee: iiaeaea, i?aaeaoaeuenoai, cai?ao, ia?ooaiea cai?aoa,
ano?a/a, ?annoaaaiea, niia?ie/anoai, aieia, eciai, iooaoanoaea.

2. ?iiai Eiaa?aeai (oaiiiaiieiaey)

Oai?ey iieacuaaao iai aaca?aie/ioth oe?ioo iiieiaiey ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai
i?iecaaaeaiey. Ii iiaieth eiaa?aea, ie iaeii aini?eyoea ia eiaao i?aai
n/eoaoueny iaaa?iui.

Aini?eyoea caaeneo io iiiaeanoaa oaeoi?ia:

– yiioe

– iaoeee

– iaioaeeoaoa

– ia?aciaaiey

– ainieoaiey

– oaiia?aiaioa

– oa?aeoa?a

– aic?anoa

– iiaeu e iano?iaiey

A oaiiiaiieiaee iiiaia aace?oaony ia iiiyoee «eioaioeey» (-iaia?aiea,
caiunae). I?iecaaaeaiey, ia eioi?ua ono? eioaioeey n/eoaaony «aeeaui».
Oi i?iecaaaeaiea, eioi?ia ia aini?eiaiaaony, ii iiaieth o/?iuo, eae au
aeaaea ia nouanoaoao, a oieueei yaeyaony i??oaie, oaaeiiiie caaioiaeie.

3. No?oeoo?aeeci. A. Oeeianeee e ?iiai Aa?o.

Oai?ey ianoaeaaao ia oii, /oi aeaaiia a i?iecaaaeaiee – yoi aai ciaeiaay
nenoaia, ii?aaeae?iiay oeo?iaea, i?e eioi?ie aaoi? eiaee?oao
aeiiieieoaeueioth eioi?iaoeeth, a iaoa caaea/a a? iaeoe e ?anoeo?iaaoue.

4. ea?iaay eiioeaioeey. Eioai Eaeceia.

Iaaeaeo eoeueoo?ie e ea?ie aeaiiay oai?ey iao. iiiai iauaai.

Eoeueoo?a e ii?aeue

Oeaio?aeueiia iiiyoea ii?aee neaaeoao aini?eieiaoue n o/?oii
noauaeoeaiinoe yiioe e ia?iaea.

E?oa i?iaeai, naycaiiuo n ioiioaieyie iaaeaeo eoeueoo?ie e ii?aeueth:

1. i?iaeaia ii?aeueiiai aeieaa eoeueoo?u.

2. iiaeii ee /aeiaaeo, iaeaaeathuei a?iiaaeiui aea?iaaieai an? i?inoeoue
ca aai oaeaio?

3. eae ioeaieaaoue ecia?aaeaiea cea a eneonnoaa?

4. eaeei ioo?i aiciiaeii ?aoi?ie?iaaoue eoeueoo?o a noi?iio ii?aee?

5. ii/aio aaeeeay eoeueoo?a iiaeao ia nianoe iaoeeth io iio?ynaiee,
aaae, eaoano?io?

No?iaiea eoeueoo?u

Aeaeaiea eoeueoo?u ia oeiu:

· I eeanneoeeaoeey auaeaeyao:

1. iaoa?eaeueiay eoeueoo?a

2. aeooiaiay eoeueoo?a

3. i?iiaaeooi/iay noaaeey – iaoa?eaeueiue iineoaeue aeooiaiie eoeueoo?u

· II eeanneoeeaoeey

Oei e i?eciaeYeeoa?iay eoeueoo?aIanniaay eoeueoo?aOieueeei? eee
ia?iaeiay eoeueoo?aaaoi?Aaoi? anoue e iaeaaeaao y?eie
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinouethAaoi? anoue, ii aai eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoue au?aaeaia
ia /aoeiI?aaeiieaaaaony, /oi aaoi?a iao, /oi i?iecaaaeaiea oai?eo ia?iae
Ioiioaiea e iiaeaIao nayce n iiaeie, yoi eoeueoo?a ia aaeaI?yiay
caaeneiinoue io iiaeu, iiyoiio aeaiiue oei eoeueoo?u ia?aiai/eaIao nayce
n iiaeieo?iaaiueI/aiue aunieee, i?ioanneiiaeueiueN?aaeiee eee ieaea
n?aaeiaai, iiaeao auoue ia i?ioanneiiaeueiuiIai?ioanneiiaeueiue, ii i?e
yoii eaeie oaiaeii, io auni/aeoaai aei
i?eieoeaiiaiaoaeeoi?eyEioaeeaeooaeueiay /anoue ianaeaieyIiae?acoiaaaao,
/oi an? ianaeaiea ia naiii aeaea – iaiaa o?aaiaaoaeueiay aai /anoue.An?
ianaeaiea

Aiciiaeiu ia?aoiaeu eoeueoo?u ec iaeiiai oeia a ae?oaie (aeaeac iiyaeeny
eae ia?iaeiay iaa?eoyineay iocuea, iioii noae ianniaie eoeueoo?ie, a a
iaoe aeie n/eoaaony yeeoa?iue; aiciiaeai ia?aoiue i?ioeann)

· III eeanneoeeaoeey: nooiai/aoay

Nooiaie ?aniieaaathony ii ia?a oiaiueoaiey ianooaaa: io iaeaieaa
anaioaaoiie e iaeaieaa eiie?aoiie.

1-ay nooiaiue ie?iaay eoeueoo?a

2-ay nooiaiue iaoeeiiaeueiay eoeueoo?a

3-ay nooiaiue noaeoeueoo?a e eiio?eoeueoo?a

4-ay nooiaiue ee/iinoiay eoeueoo?a

Noaeoeueoo?a – eoeueoo?a ii?aaeae?iiie /anoe ianaeaiey aioo?e iaeiiai
ia?iaea.

Auaeaeyaony ii neaaeothuei i?eciaeai:

1. ii eeanniaie i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe

2. ii i?ioannee

3. ii aic?anoo

4. ii yoie/aneei i?eciaeai

o eaaeaeie noaeoeueoo?u eiaaony naie aea?aii, ie?iaicc?aiea,
oaaaeaeaiey, i?eau/ee e noeeue aeecie. Oai ia iaiaa ana noaeoeueoo?u
aoiaeyo a iaeei e oio aea ia?iae, iaeaaeatho iauei iaioaeeoaoii.

I?eciaee noaeoeueoo?u eioaeeaaaioeee:

1. oaaaeaiea e ciaiea, eoeue eieae, eoeueoo?a ia?aienee

2. oaaaeae?iiinoue, oiaiea a ethauo oneiaeyo ionoaeaaoue naie eaeaaeu e
oeaiiinoe.

3. aeaeeeaoiinoue, iaaeaeaiea no?ieoue nai? n/anouea ia /oaeie aaaea

4. eaeaaeeci, o.a. oaaaeaeaiea a oii, /oi eaeaaeu anoue, /oi iie nayou,
/oi ?aaee ieo ie/ai ia aeaeei iiaea?oaiaaoue.

Eiio?eoeueoo?a – iiiyoea aia?aua i?ieciineo O. ?iccae a 1960a.,
iiae?acoiaaaao iii nenoaio iieiae?aeiuo aeaeaeaiee, aicieeoeo a
na?aaeeia XXa., eae oi?ia i?ioanoa ia iauanoaaiiue oeeaae oiai a?aiaie.

Iniiaiua eiiiiiaiou eoeueoo?u:

· oeiie

· iaiee

· aaeea?u

· iaoaeeenou

· aiou

· yii

o eaaeaeie ec aaoaae eiio?eoeueoo?u anoue naiy eaeaieiaey, nenoaia
oeaiiinoae e i/aiue y?eee aiaoiee eieaeae.

A iaoa aeiy iiiyoea eiio?eoeueoo?a i?eia?aei au? 2 cia/aiey:

1. noaeoeueoo?a ethaie a?oiiu, eioi?ay i?aaeiaia?aiii ia?ooaao
o?aaeeoeeiiiua ii?iu, caeiiu e i?eioeeiu.

2. ethaia iai?aaeaiea a eoeueoo?a, eioi?ay auaeyaeeo i/aiue iai?eau/iui,
no?aiiui

Aoiaieci

– a nia?aiaiiii iiieiaiee – /ae.

A o?aeoiaea yiioe aic?iaeaeaiey ie?iaicc?aieth iniia ia oaaee/aiea e
/aeo ia iiae/??eeaaiea aai aeooiaiie iaoeee e naiaiaeu.

A?aiaiiua ?aiee yiioe aic?iaeaeaiey 26 ai? 1335a, VIa.

Iniiaiua eiioeaioeee eoeueoo?ieiae (eoeueoo?a e oeeaeeecaoeey)

Iiiyoea oeeaeeecaoeey eiaao ianeieueei cia/aiee. Iaeaieaa o?aaeeoeeiiiia
ec ieo iiae?acoiaaaao ?acaeooth eoeueoo?o, ia?aie/aiioth eieaeueiuie e
oa??eoi?eaeueiuie ?aieaie.

Ii ii?aaeaeaieth A. Aea Ie?aai, oeeaeeecaoeey – oi, /oi i?ioeaiiieiaeii
aeeeinoe.

Niaa?oaiii iiaoth eiioeaioeeth oeeaeeecaoeee i?aaeeaaaao Inaaeueae
Oiaiaea?. Ii aai iiaieth, oeeaeeecaoeey ia oieueei ia iiaeiaia
eoeueoo?a, ii e aeaaea i?ioeaiiieiaeia ae.

Oeeaeeecaoeey – noa?/aneee aic?ano eoeueoo?u iaeaieaa iicaeiee yoai a?
?acaeoey, oa?aeoa?ecothueeny oaoie/aneei i?ia?annii , ii iaeiia?aiaiii
aeaa?aaeaoeeae i?aaia.

Ioee/ey eoeueoo?u io oeeaeeecaoeee

eoeueoo?aoeeaeeecaoeeyOeaieony aeia?i, enoeia e e?anioaOeaieony auaiaea
e iieuecaIauaiea i?ienoiaeeo ia ee/iinoiii o?iaiaIauaiea eae?o ia o?iaia
eioi?iaoeee?acaeoea eae?o a aeoaue?acaeoea eae?o a
oe?ueYiioeeiiaeueiinoueAac/oanoaaaiiinoue I?eaeiaeueiinoue,
oieeaeueiinoueNoaiaea?ooai?/anoaii?iecaiaenoaiOeaeue /aeiaaea: aeooiaiia
naii?acaeoeaOeaeue /aeiaaea: iio?aaeaieaAieiaiea e ethaeyi e
ia?acaiAieiaiea e aauai e i?aaeiaoai (iauaeoiia iiaaaeaiea)I?aiaeaaeaiea
aeeaioiiai /aeiaa/aneiai ia/aeaI?iaeaaeaiea iaoeiiiai oaoie/aneiai
ia/aea

Oiaiaea? ianoaeaaao ia oii, /oi eaaeaeay eoeueoo?a iaeaaeaao naiae
aeooie, oeaiiinoyie, eiathuea i?i/ioth ineoieiae/aneoth iniiao.
Iieaaaao, /oi ana yeaiaiou eoeueoo?u i/aiue oanii naycaiu aei oaeie
noaiaie, /oi iaeie ec ieo iiaeii iaiaiyoue /a?ac ae?oaea.

Ii /?acau/aeii iiieiaao iiiyoea eoeueoo?iiai e?ecena – yoi eaoano?ioa,
ca eioi?ie neaaeoao oieueei aeaaeue iauanoaa.

A ioee/ee io Oiaiaea?a ea?e ssnia?n iieaaaao, /oi e?ecen – yoi ia
o?aaaaeey, a ia?aeiiiue iiiaio, ioe? ethaeyi auoiae ia iiaua iooe
?acaeoey. A eiioeaioeee ssnia?na aeoeaio ia?aiineony n iieeoeee e
yeiiiieee, eae eoeueoo?iia?acothueo oaeoi?ia ia aeooiaiinoue, ?aeeaeth e
iaioaeeoao, eioi?ua ii n/eoaao iieacaoaeyie iaoe naiiauoiinoe.

Oeaio?aeueiay eaeay – inaaia a?aiy – ia?eiae n VIII – II aa aei i. y.
eiaaea auee nicaeaiu aaeeeea eoeueo oeaiiinoe, aei neo ii?
iai?aacieae?iiua ieeai.

Aeinoeaeaiey inaaiai a?aiaie:

1. nicaeaiea anao eiioeaioeee oeeinioee

2. oi?ie?iaaiea ie?iauo ?aeeaee (e?iia o?enoeainoaa 1a i. y. e eneaia
7a)

3. aaeeeieaiiua aeinoeaeaiey eneonnoaa a ae?aaiae A?aoeee, Eiaeee e
Eeoaa

4. oi?ie?iaaiea nia?aiaiiiai ineoieiae/aneiai oeia /aeiaaea.

Eiioeaioeey I.ss.Aeaieeaaneiai: aaoi?u aeaeyo ana ia?iaeu ia 3
eaoaai?ee:

1. iieiaeeoaeueiua oai?oeu eoeueoo?u

2. io?eoeao. oai?oeu eoeueoo?u

3. yoiia?aoe/aneee iaoa?eae eee «nu?ue?»- ia?iae, iiaeaoeeaue /oaeiio
aeeyieth.

Eiioeaioeey A?iieueaea Oieiae. Eiioeaioeey auciaa e ioaaoa iano?aeaaao
ia oii, /oi eoeueoo?o oi?ie?oao i?aiyonoaea.

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