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«O???ey ????»

TH. Ae??? a “O????? y?????e” ??o, ?i “???????ey (????y ?e??u) — ?iy?a,
????y?? a ???? ????e a ??? ????y ???? e ???ey ????”. E ??????i, ?? ?
????y e ??a???yi ??o ??????a, ?e A???? A????? e Y?? E????, ????? ????o
????e ????, ? ???, ?i ?e ???atho ?a ???? ???a: ?i ??????o ???? ?e ??a a
???a io ????o ? ?iy??? e a ?i ??e ????. I? y? ?? e ?? a ?i?????e ????
?????e ??e. I????, Y. E???? ????ao: “*? ? ?? ??a ???? ????? *? ? ?ay
????ey? ?? ????? ?y????e, ? ?????, ? ??e?.. A??ay ??? ?? ?? ???? ???o a
?i, ??u ????ue ???? ?? ??? e ??????, ?? ??????, “??? ???”… I? ??a ?
????tho ????a ?????ey ????, ???? ?e????i ?e ???????i ???ey, ?n ????tho ?
???? ?eu, ? ????ay ?????, ???a ??oth?y ?y ? ???ey. A?e ?i o??ny ???ue
???? y?o ?e, ?? ? ??? ? ? n ??e ??ey ? ??????i ??????y, ? n ??e ??ey
????u, ?? ???, a ?i ? ???? e a ?i ???e y?? ???eth ? ???????, ? y? ?ae?
????, ?i ? ???? ??? ??ey i ????a ?????? ????”. Ii ?a ???, a ??? ??, A.
A?????, ???ay ??? ???o? ????, ??e: “E???e ????? ??y ????y ??o, ???i,
o??i a ?i ???, ?? ?????? ?????ey ???????? ???a, ???????? ????y e ??????i
???ey ??o ???ue ?? ????? ?y ?????y ?e ???? ????u, ???y ?e?? ?y?? ?????o
????? ? ??????, ??oy?????i ???? ???”. Ae??? ???e, A????? (e ??ae ? ?i e
??? i?????u) ? ?a ???a ???? ?e: e ??e, e ??a ???? ???o ??i. *?? ???e e
???? ???? ????, ????? A???a?ae, “????? ????? ???? ???e, ????eyth?e ??e ?
??a, ?i ?????? ? ?? ???o ????? ?y????yo, ?e ? ????i ? ?? ??????? ?e
?????, a y? ???? ? ?i ?ia, ?e ?????? ???, ???ath?? ?? ???? e a ?o ???i
??e ?????”. ????ay ??????? ????a ???, E???? ?y??? ?ath ??? n ?ay? ???u e
???. “I? ??????e ? ?????? ?? ?ae ?????? ???e, ? ??? ????a ?uy??ey ??i
?????ey ??, ?????o ?????? ??????, ??u ???? ? ???, ???e, ? ??eth E??,
y?y?ny ??????i ?ae?i e ?th??i, — ??? i ?e ???e ??, e ????eth ???e ???e?i
??????. Y? ?? ????y, e ??? ??? a ???, a ???a y?? ???o ??? ???? ????
????e ???e e ????e ?????e. N???i E??, a ??a ?? ???i ????e ???e e ????e
???? ??o ?ay ???u. N??? ???? ????th ???, ?nth? ???ay ??? ????e ????
??th??ny a ???e ???a: ??i ???i e n ???th ??o ???a ???? ????? y?e ????e a
???? y?eth?e ??????i ??? e ??”.

I???? ??? ????ue ??????y ??????? ????a ????. A?? I??a ????? ??, ????y,
?i ?? o ?o ?? ? i ??? ????o, a ??? ? ?????e ????. O? ?? y? ??? ???
?????y ??????a ??????e ???? ? ?????? ????? ????. A??e ?????e ???? ???
?????i ?iy? ???th ?????i ???ey, ??y? ?o??ue ???? ?e ????ue ? y?eth?th e
?????? ??, ? ???/?? ????? ????? ?????ue ????, ????o ??? ?aey?? ? ?a ?
???u, ?i ?? ???a ?y?? ???ey. E?? ??, ??aey? ??? ?????e ???? e ? ???ay
(?????, ? ???aay) ??? ????, ??? ?iy?, ?i ???a ??, ????? e ???a a?????
???? — y? ? ??? ?????th?a a y?eth?e ??iyiey ?????e ????, ? ??a ????a
????, ? ??a ????ua, ?i ???? I??i ???e.

Aeey E?? ??e ?????e ???? ???ny ?ay? ???, ???u e ???, ? ??y?y, ?i ??? y?o
??e, ??? ?ae ? ???????? e ???? ?????? e ?????o ??iy?th. E? ???y ???y y?
????? A????i, a ???e e ???? (? ?e?i ?????e, eth?e) ???otho ???? ??,
?atho ??i ????e e ???a e ???. A? y?o ????e ???? ??? ? ? ??iy??. Iae?? ??
? ?????? ???, ?i a ???? ???otho ??? ??a, ?e ???ue, ?????a, ???? ????e.
Y?i ????yi, ?e ??n?i, ?????yo ???: ??y? n ???i ? ???a ???? a ????a ?atho
???????a, ????a ????, ????i ????yi ?????yo ????e y?????? e ?? ??????,
??? ?? ??iy?y ???? ???o. A y?i ??a ??cy ???ue ??e ???? e ?o??, ??e ??e
?? ?e ?? e ??e ????o eth?e ?e ????, ? ??? ?? ???? ?e ???e, ??y?i, ?
?????. E ?yae ? ???ue ??e ????o, ?? ?? ??????i ??o ???y?, ?e i ?i ???
Ae??e A???, ????y y???ay ?????y “??a I?a”.

Ia ??a ?????i e ?, ?e ??????? ???? ???? ????? e ???o ??e ????e. N ??e
???u, ?e? ? A????? ????y ???????ue ?e ?????? ???ey, ?e ??? ????? e
??????? ??ey, n ??? ???u, ??ae ca E??i — ?e ???ay, ???eyth?y ????y
??????. “O???ey, — ????? A???ue, — “???y? ? ??e ???th ???th e ?ith ??oth
?????th ??? — ???th ????? e ??????? ????ey, ????th?? ?????? ?a ??? ??o e
???? ??e — ??a ???y, ????i ?? ??”. “A ?????? ? ??i ??? ?????i, — ??o
A??? O???, — ????y y?y?ny ??????i, ???e ???ey? ?o ??i a ??i e ??i… Ii
a ?n ???? ??ae, ???e ??? ?e ?????? ?n, ???, e ? ? ??? ???ny ? ?? ??o?o”.
I?????a O???a, E???? ??? ?????: “N????o ? a ???????? ??i, i???a ?????e
??????e ???, ???y ? a ???a ?, ?i i??? ????y ???? ???? ??????? e ???????
N???otho ? ????? ????a ??a y???? ????ey, ?y??thu? ?? eth?e ??? ??????y ?
????????, ?????a, ???????? A y??, ??a ???atho ??a ???u, ????y ? ??o ?iy?
a ???a, ????ay e ?????y… ? ?????a, ? ?? ??o??i ? ??o ????ue ????thth
y??eth e ??????th?th ?? ????e. E ????y ??, ?i ?a ???y? a ?? y? ?? a
?????a???e e ???a, ??i ??y?ny, ?i n ? ???th ?a ??a ??o ??u?? ?????oth?a
?????a ? ??ue eth?e e ? ???y ???? i?a”.

Ii ??, o ??????a ????? ?e, ?i ??? ????y ????, ?e “???eyth?y ?o ??i a ??i
e ??i”, ??? ????. A?yae ? ???y ??i ????ue ?? a y?. A ??iy?a ??y ????e
????e ? ?????ue, ??????ue e ??????? ? ??o ?? ??y?, ??y ????? ?????o ???
e ???????e ????? ?????? ???aey?e ?? ????e ?? a ???a. A? a ??? ?? A????
Ae???, i??a, n ????? ??e: “I?? ? ???? ??????? ???, ? ???ath?o ???ey? ?a
??th e ??th ?? ?????o, y?y?ny ??oey ?????o ???. I????a ? ??????? ???e
???? a??????i ?????ey y?o ??? ????y a ??? ?????ee n ??y??? ??? ? ?o ?
???????, e y? ?????? ???i ???a ??? ?o ?????a, ?i ??y ? ? ? ?? ???????y
?????ey. I?y??y ? ? ??ae ?e ??? ?ay, ??a ? ??i a o????? ???y?a ??????a
?????? ?????o ???. E ???, n ??? ??? ????ey, ?e ??th?? e ?????e ?? ??a”.

Aea, ?? ?o, ?? ?o: ???y, a ????e, y? ??e??? ??? ????? ????, ????y ?
???????y ?e ??????e ?????e ??i (y? ?? ????i n ????? ??o ? ?ay ?yae ???
????i e ???e — ??a, ????i, ????y e ?.) e ? ???ny e ??e ?????ath?e ?????e
???a. I??i ??c o???eth ?-???? ????ey?ny ????? e ????? ??o ?a???????o ??
e ????e, ???a ???? ??????ue e ?i??y? ????, a ??a ???y? ???? e ??ue ????.
O??i e i???a e ??ue a ??iy?a ??y ???th?y ??a.

A ?? ??y ???a ??e ????e ???eth (?e?i ???e ?a ??? n ?????e) ??i e ?????y
??oth?i ???i: ?e ?????? ??n???? i ????, ???yth??y ???a ??? (???a y? ???a
i????e ??? ???) e ???ath?i ???? ????? ?? (? ?? ????th). I? y?i ??i
??????? ?e ???? ????a, ???? ???y?ny ???? e ? ???a ????? ??????y ???e??y
????y. I??e ???? — “??????” ??? ?e: ????a???ue — ???????a, ???? ??? — a
?????yo, a ???ee. A??e ???? — “??????”: a ????, ? ???y? e ??? ???i ??a e
??e, ??i ????ue ???? ????, ???? ??ey, ???? ????? ???u ?y ?????? ???ey. A
?????? n o??? ????a ?i “????”: ???? ?? e ??i, ? ??o ????a?ue ??? e ???
????. O? A????ue ???y ???ue ???a e i?? ???ey, ??? ?y ??i ???ey, ??i ?y
??? ???e y? ? ??? ???? ??? ??? ????.

A ??iy?a ??y ???????ay ???ey ????? ??ay: ? ???? ??????a ??? ????
(??????i, ? ?? A??????i-E?????i, ?????????i, ???????, ??????, y??????i e
o.ae.), ?????? ????? ??a?y e ??? ??? ??a e ??e, ???i, ?i ???? ????o
??oth ????????, ???th ???e e ??????o. Ae??? ???e, a ????????ue ?????
??????i ???ey ??i ?????a?ue ?e ??oth?o ????a ??????, ????????i ???ey.
I???o “????ey”: ???? ????o ?????oth?a ??u ????????, ???u, ?????, ???a e
???th?y a ??e. I???o “e??????”: ???? ? ????i, a ???i y?? ??o ??? ??a??
(????? ???ey ??i ???ue ? ??u ??a e ??e, ???a n??th?y e ????ath?y n
????i, ?????y ?i ?????o ???eth). O??e ???? — “???????”: ?????a ???? — y?
??i ??? ????, ??aey??y ??o ??e a ????o ????yo (?i???y, ?????y?y e ????y,
??????e, ???a e o.ae.). I??i?, ????????? e ?????? ???ey, n ??e ???u,
??aeyony a ????e ????e e ????y, n ??? — ????ey. Ii ?? ?????a ????
?????i, ?????, ???ath?a, ?, ?????ny, ?e a y?i ??? ?i ??o ???y? ?? ?????:
??y???? e i???y? ??ue, ??? ????? ??????a i ???????? — e ?e a ??o ???yo
??e ???n, ?i ???ue ???e? A? ?? ???: ??th ?? a ?????i ???? ??? ????y?
O??i ??a ?a?a ? y? ???a ???u ? ??i ??? i ????e ????.

I??a ????a, ???a a ?y? n y?i ???? au ???????, ??oth?a. *?? ????? ??,
???????a e ????????a a ????, i ???o ???e, a ????e, A. Ae???, ??iy?i, ??i
a y?? ??a ???????? ?????e ?????? i???y e ????. I? y?i ??? ?? ??th?? ??a
??a ???y, e??? ???ytho ???ue e ??e ???n ???, ? ?? ? ?ny?tho ? ae??a ??
???ey e ???????? ?????. N?????y, ??ei, ?e y? ????? I????, ?? ??o
???????ny e ?????ueny ?????e ??? ???ey e ????, a ??a ?y?y?ny ? ???u.
I????, a ????e, ?????? ??c a ???? ? “??????a?? ???e”, ? ?? ?? a ?, ?i
???? ????? ????o n ??o?????ueth ?e ?a ??. I??i ?e ????????, ??u n y?i
?a???? ???, ??u ?e ??y? ???y ????? ???????

Ae???y, e y? ??? ?????a, ??ue ??i ?e?????ny ? ?? y? ?????eth, ? ? ? ????
e ????u, ?o?? ?a ?e ???? ????e ????? ?????? ???tho ????? e ???y?. N ??e
??e ??ey, a ?????e ???? ???aa ?????e e ??????e y?yth?y ??oth?a ???
????a. E???o ???e e ?????e ???????, ???? ? ??? ???a?? ??? e ????, ? e
???e ??????ey, ??????, y???? e o.ae.. E???o, ???? ??? ?ey?y e ?????
????, ??e??? a ???? ? ???????o ???e, ??e, ????e (???i y?o ????
?????????). O??e ???? ??i ???ue ??i??: ??ue ???eyth?i y?y?ny ? ????, a
??? ?e ????? (i????, ????? ????a, ???a ?e y?????? ?????, “??a” e ???ey e
o.ae.); a y?i ????a ???? e ?????a a ?i ?? ???y?y ?y ??? ???y?, ???a e
????? ????tho a ????. I???, ????e ???? — y? ???? ??e ????. A ???aa ???a
??? ????a ??i ???ue ? ???? ?????? ?? ???ey ?e ?????oth ??o ???ey ?e ????
? ??o ???? e ???.

E?e, ????y e ??y????a ???ey (e ??ai, e ???), ??y?i, ??? ???ue n ???e
???e e ?????e ???????, ? ???e ? a ??e ?????e, ?? ?? ? ???, ??? ? ??i
????ny, n ???e ????, ? ?? “???” ???ey, n ??oe? ??? ?e ?????, ?a ????
?????y e ????ny, ???oe, n ???e ???? (????? ????). Y?o ??? ??i ????,
?????? e ?????yi N. I????. “O????? e ???a ???, — ??o N. I???a, — ????i
??? ?? y?????a ?iy?y, ????ue ??ae ??????ueth ????? ??? ?iy?y y??????e,
?????? ?e y?i ??????? ?????a ??? ???e ???. Ee????? ??i, ???oth?e a ??a
?????e ??? ???ey ??????, ?e ? a ??o ?iy? (???ue/?uy?) y? ????th
????????. A? ???a ?e ?????? e ???? ??i ???? ??y?ui a ?y? n ?????e ??u
??, ??a ???? ???iy????ue A??e ????y ??y? ???? ???u ????????e e ????y:
????a ??????i ???? ??e n ???a, e ?????y ? ?ae a? ???? ???ae ????e ?ay ?
?????a ????o ????o ????, ??? ? ???o ????? ? ?????ue, ??? ? ???o ?y ???i
?o ??????, ?? ???o ???????y… A ?????e ??? y? ??y?o ?e: ?e ????i ?????
?? ???? ???ey ?? ???o ????y (?e ???o ???ey) ???o ? ???i ??? ????y; ????
e ??a ?????? ???y ? ?????y e a??o ? ?????a ???u, “a ??i”, ? ?a ?????.
E???oy ??????oth ?????ue ???ey, ???ae a ??i y?i “??i” ?????? ??a ?????e
??y ??? ?? (“?? ???a”, a ?????? B.C. A???) e ??????? ?a?i ????, ???e e
y?y?ny ????i ???i ???, ??? ???”. A?yae ? ??a ??i ???????? ?????th
???????oth ???eth. A?? ? y?? ???? e ??????? ?? “??i”, ?? “??????oth
?????ue ???ey”.

I??a ??i ? ??? ? ??????ny ?????e (a y?i ???) ????, ???y ?ae y?i ??????
?????? e ?????a ???u ????ey ?????? ???i ??????i n?????ey — ?????a ???ey
e ??y, ???? ?????i ?n??a e ??e, ???u i ??? ???? ??eyo e o.ae. Ae?? ?
??????i ?a ?? ?????? ????ey e ?????e ??? ?e ???????? ?iy?a, ??? ???a ?
?? ??? ??e ???? e ? ?????e. A y?i ??a ?? ???? ?? ?????? ????a ???
i?????o ?????e ??e ????, ????ey ??o ????e. Ie? e ?????, ???a ? ???i, n
??e ???u, ?????aey?y ????th?e, ?????ueth ??? ???ey, ?, n ???, ?e
?????oth?y ???e ??? ???ey, ???ath?y ? a ?? ?????e ??????. *? ? ?????,
??????o ?? ????, ??th ?????? Iu o????i, ?i ?????a ???? a ???e ???i, ????
?i, ?o?? ? ?????i, ??????o ??? ??i ?????oth ?????. A?????a ? ????, ???o
B.C. A???, ?????? “??? n ???i ?e n ???i ???e ???? e e? n ????? ? ?a
????e ??e, ??th??? a ???? e a ????o ?i ???. I? ?iyo als ob ??????,
?????a a ??? ????? ????i”. A? ?????a e ?y ?n ?th??a ????a — ???y ????.
I?a “??i” — y? ????. N ??e ???u, ? ??? ? ?iy? ???? ?e ?????ey ??e, ?e
??o ?????i ?????ey. N ???, ?e “????” ????, ? ?? ?e ??, ?a ?????a a ????
e ???? eth?e. N y?e ??e ??ey ???? ?y ?n ????? ? ?iy?y ????. I? y?i ?ae
????e ? y?i ??? ?????y (? ??? ? y?i) ?, ??????i, ?e ?, ?e e Y. I??a,
???? ? ???, a ?????? ??? ???ey e ?uy?a?y. Ii ?eth?? a ?ay: ??? ???a
????, ??????a ??? ????, ??? ????? ??????? ????, ??ath?o ????ua
???-?????ey, ? ?? ?? ??? e ???? ???????i ????? ??? ????? eth??, ??????
??, ?e y? ???-?i????y ???eytho ?y????ue e ????a ??????? ????u, ????
?????? e ???? ???? e o.i. E???a — y? ??????e ???o, ?iy?a, ??? ???ey,
???a, ???i, a ??? ??????? ???ey ????ny ???????ue, ? ??? ???, ?i i????e
?e y?i ??? ??ae ? ??? ???u, ????, ?c ?e N?i??th ???o.

I???? ???? ??. N????ay ????y ????a ????? ? ????? ????, a ??i ???. I??i
????y ? ?????ny ??y???? e ?????ue ????, ? ????o?o ??? y? ??? ??? ??i.
A??i ?????ey ??? ???u i??e e ????e ?????ny, ?-???, ????ue ????th??y
?e???e ??????, a y? ?????? ?? ? ???? ????? (???e e ?????e ???????,
????????? ??????oe, ????e, ?????), ?-???, ????ey? ????th ???? ?????
???ey, a ??a ????ue ?i ???u.

N????ay ????y ?a ? ???y ????th ???ey? ?????? ??a e ??ue, ???y, ?i y?
?????. I??i ?a ? ?????ny ???ue ????e ??ae (??y? n ???, ?????, ?????,
????, y????e e o.ae.) a ???????? e ?????i??a ??e, ??y e ???? ???ey. A??
??, ???? ?ith ???th ?? a ??o ????, ?e ?????a e ????? ?????, ???????y
????ey, ?iy??ay ????? ??????i ????a. A c????i ???a, ?????i a 1935 ??, Y.
A???ue ??e: “A ??????e ????a ???? ??i ?????? y?y?ny ??????y ???????ue
?????e ??e ??ey n ?????e ?y ?a ????ueth ? ????ue ? ?? ? ?? ???a ???, ?
?? ???eth a ????? i?? ?y ??i ?????i ???i ????? ??? ?? ? ??, ??th
?????ue… Y? ????? a ??a ???? ??? ?? — ????, ????ath?e ???? ??????e
???e ?? ??e e ? ??e, ?? e ??? ????, ?a ?????y a ??e ??????, e ??? n ?i —
e??? ??? ?????? e ?o ? ????e, ???a y?i ?e ??? ????yo ?”. I??? ?? ?e,
????, ????y A????y ????i??? ? ?ath A?? (???a, A???a), a ????y O.Ay?? ?
?? ??i? e ????? ????, ????th?? ??? ???u, ?????y ?e??ey ??a ????y ?
?????? ??o y???? ??. Ii ???a??i y???? ??, ????oth?a ?????a ???u, ??y?i,
? ??? ?? ??????. “I?ue ? ??????? e ??a ?????? ?i??eth ???, — ???? A.
O???, — ??o ??c ??? ????i ?o??y”.

A??n, ???, a ?i, ?i ????? ??? a ??ao ????i ???ey? I????, n ??e ??e ??ey,
?????a ???? ??? ???, ?i eth?a ????? ???? ?????y a ?? ??eo ?e e ????, ?i
a ???a ??yo ? ??? ??i, ? e ??ey e ?? ?i. ???? ?????? ???ey ???y ?y?i ?
??? n ??? e ?ae???e, ? e n ??? ????a, ??? ??e ????o eth?e, ??? ?oe???o
????. A?iy?i, a ??iy?a ??y ???i ?????? ???ey — y? ???? ??????ey ??????i
??, ?ey ?i e ??e, e ????yi e ???????th, e ??? ? ?? ??y ?oy e, ??y??e??,
? ????o.

Ae???y a ??? ??? ???a, ????y ??o?u ? ???ny ??? ??? ?????th e ???th ????,
? ?? ???? ??? ???? e ? ??????, ??????o e ???ey? ? ???? e ??????, ??????
???ueth ????, ? ?? ????y ?????ue ????????i. I???? ????, ?i ?????a ?e
????i e ?????i ???????e ????? e ???e ?i??o a ??e ?y????e y???? ?? ??? e
????, ???ay ?????? ???? ?????e e ???u ??o ???, ??iy?i ?????y ???? ?y??
????th ????? e ???i. Ia ???? ?????y ????y ???? e ??? ????, ??e i ????.
I??o?, ????y ???? ????ey? ? ????th e ??? i ????, a o?? e ???e ???? ???
???????oth e ???????th ???e. Iiy?? ??? ???e?ny n ???? ????e ????, ?????e
Y. I???, ? ?? ??ia ??i ??y? ??oth?e ? ??ae ? ??? ?????y ????e ????, ???e
???? e ?? i ????: “?????y, eth?e ?i ????a?y ???? ?eth?? a ?ay ?a ?e
?????: ??????oth, ??y???th?a – i?????th, ?uy????oth… A? ?e ?????tho,
???yy ?? ??????? ???e a ???? ????u. E ??i ?????, ?i ??? ? ?????? e
???ey? a ?????e ??a ???e ?????????i ??ey i ????”.

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