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Заповедник ‘Каменная Могила’

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Ieai

1. Eaiaiiay Iiaeea – iaiyoea aeooiaiie eoeueoo?u

2. Oaeiu Eaiaiiie Iiaeeu

3. Eaiaiiay Iiaeea – oieeaeueiue caiiaaaeiee

4. Ia?iaeu Eaiaiiie Iiaeeu

5. Ae?aai aeecie

6. Ciae eae neiaie cea

7. E?ano

1. Eaiaiiay Iiaeea – iaiyoea aeooiaiie eoeueoo?u

N?aaee iiiai/eneaiiuo iaiyoieeia ia?aiauoiiai eneonnoaa ia i?inoi?ao
Aa?acee iniaia ianoi caieiaao Ainoaea?noaaiiue enoi?eei-a?oaieiae/aneee
iocae-caiiaaaeiee “Eaiaiiay Iiaeea”. A iieo/ana acaeu io Iaeeoiiiey
iaoiaeeony oaeeaeoaeueiia e no?aiiia ianoi ni ceiaauei iacaaieai
«Eaiaiiay iiaeea». Oanoueaeanyo a?ioia, iaua?u, iaa?iiiaeaeaiea
aeaaioneeo (n iyoeyoaaeiue aeii!) aeaeoi-/a?iuo eaiiae. A /ooue aeaeueoa
— iiaecaiiue ie? n aioeeaaeie caeia e ei?eaei?ia, a eioi?uo iaoiaeeony
IA*OI. Ni anao eiioeia naaoa aaeoo a yoe ianoa a?oaieiae, yniiaeaeyuea e
ia?iaeiua aeaiooaou.

Ia oa??eoi?ee caiiaaaeieea a aeieeia ?aee Iiei/iie ecaeaeaea aeaeai
«aeaeoue ino?ia», neiaeaiiue ec i?e/oaeeeai iaa?iiiaeaeaiiuo ia?iiiuo
eaiaiiuo aeua. A ia?iaea aai ecaeaaia iacuaatho Eaiaiiie Iiaeeie.
Eaiaiiay Iiaeea – anoanoaaiiia ia?aciaaiea. Ia?aciaaeinue
i?aaeiieiaeeoaeueii oae: iiiieeoiay ian/aieeiaay ioiaeue o.i.
na?iaoneiai ii?y niiecea ii ianeo a oaeoaeaiea, auiuoia ?aeie, ii iooe
?aneieieanue ia iiiaeanoai aaeoiia. Yoi aaeeinoaaiiia a ie?a iiaeiaiia
ia?aciaaiea. A iaoe aeie aunioa Eaiaiiie Iiaeeu aeinoeaaao 12 iao?ia.
Iaaao?aiiua ca ieeeeiiu eao, ia?inoea caeaiiaaoi-na?ui eeoaeieeii,
eaiaiiua aeuau ?aciiia?aciu ii ?acia?ai, i?e/oaeeeau e oaioanoe/iu ii
i/a?oaieyi.

Iaeiaei, yoi ia aanii?yaei/iia iaa?iiiaeaeaiea ieeo, a i?aaeeueii
?acaaeeaoeeny eaiaiiue ueo, ia?aciaaaoee iaua?u, a?iou, i?ioiaeu.
Aeieaieaoiea enneaaeiaaiey o/aiuo ie?a ae?aaieo i?auo?ia i?eaaee e
ioe?uoeth ia oa??eoi?ee caiiaaaeieea aieaa oanoeaeanyoe a?ioia e iaua?,
ia iioieeao eioi?uo iaia?oaeaiu ianeieueei ouny/ ?aae/aeoeo ianeaeueiuo
ecia?aaeaiee. Oa??eoi?ey aie?oa ia?aaeaeaia, neiaiee/anee io?aiyaony. Ia
oa??eoi?ee – iocae, eioi?ue, e niaeaeaieth, aue cae?uo. Ana naiia
eioa?aniia, noaey ii eeoa?aoo?a, iaeaeaii a iaua?ao. A naiua eioa?aniua
iaua?u canuiaiu, aeaau nia?aiaiieee ia aeiaaaeyee e iao?iaeeoai
eaiaiiiai aaea naie.

Yoi iaeei ec ae?aaiaeoeo ia caiea o?aiiauo eiiieaenia. Ia yoii ianoa a
?acee/iua a?aiaia iaeoaee ouny/e ia?iaeia: ieaiaia yiioe ia?auo
iineaiioiiiuo ethaeae, eeiia?eeoeu, neeou, aiaciiee, na?iaou, aoiiu,
aiou, oaca?u, iieiaoeu. Iaeei ia?iae niaiye ae?oaie, ii anaaaea yoi
ianoi inoaaaeinue o?aiiaui oeaio?ii, aaea ?acee/iua ieaiaia e ia?iaeu
niaa?oaee naie aiaineoaeaiey. Yoiio o?aio iiae ioe?uoui iaaii aieaa 3000
eao!

2. Oaeiu Eaiaiiie Iiaeeu

Eaiaiiay Iiaeea i?aaenoaaeyao niaie y?iceiiii-aeaioaeaoeeiiiue inoaiaoe,
neiaeaiiue n?aaeiana?iaoneei ian/aieeii aieaa 12 iao?ia a aunioo,
caieiay ieiuaaeue a o?e aaeoa?a, n iiiaeanoaii iaua? e a?ioia. «A
aaieiae/aneii e enoi?e/aneii ieaia Eaiaiiay Iiaeea — iaeei ec
oieeaeueiaeoeo iaiyoieeia. Yoi inoaiaoe ian/aieea na?iaoneiai ii?y
o?aoe/iiai ia?eiaea… caeanue auea ian/aieeiaay iaeue. Iicaeiaa, eiaaea
aicieeei Iiioeeneia ii?a, ia yoii ianoa ia?aciaaeenue ecaanoiyeiaua
ioeiaeaiey (iie e nae/an oi?ioi i?ineaaeeaathony ia i?aaii aa?aao
aeieeiu ?aee Iiei/iie, aaeece naea Oa?iaiuea Iaeeoiiieueneiai ?aeiia), a
oieua eioi?uo iaeaeai coa eeoa. Ii?a ooei, aioea?eeanue ionouiy.
Iiyaeeenue e?anii-ao?ua aeeiu, niaea?aeauea aeaeaci e ia?aaiaoe.
Aiineaaenoaee caeanue ia?aciaaeanue aiaaeeia ?aee, aiaeu eioi?ie
i?iieeee aaeoaue caiee, a ieneaeu aeaeaca e ia?aaioea auoiaeeee ia
iiaa?oiinoue ianea, ia?acoy eaiaienooth ii?iaeo. Oae iinoaiaiii aiciee
ia yoii ianoa ian/aieeiaue iiiieeo. A ia?eiae oayiey eaaeieea ia naaa?a
(a?aieoea aai aeinoeaaea ?aeiia nia?aiaiiiai Aeiai?iiao?ianea) „aieueoay
aiaea“, noaeay e thao, ia?aciaaea aeieeiu ?ae e oae iacuaaaiua
„aioeoaao?u“ — ia?iiiua auiieiu a i?aaii aa?aao ?aee Iiei/iie. Yoe
„aioeoaao?u“ ia?aciaaeenue, eae iieaaae ?onneee anoanoaieniuoaoaeue
aeaaeaiee E.I. Ay?, a ?acoeueoaoa iiai?ioiiai aeaeaeaiey ia?iiiie iannu
aiaeu ia iiaa?oiinoue Caiee. Aneaaenoaea anoanoaaiiiai oaeoaeaiey ?onea
?aee Iiei/iie ia?iiiue ino?ia ieacaeny ia iiaa?oiinoe aeieeiu, iiae
aicaeaenoaeai aiaeu e aao?a ia?ae/iue ueo ian/aieea ?aneieieny, a aai
iaeiiee niiecee ii ianeo, e aiciee naiaia?aciue eaiaiiue oiei n a?ioaie
e iaua?aie. N oa/aieai a?aiaie ieeou i?eia?aee oaeeaeoaeueiua oi?iu e
i/a?oaiey. Naaiaeiy ia iiiaeo ec ieo iiaeii oaeaeaoue ioia/aoee
iieethneia Na?iaoneiai ii?y — aeeoaeae iiao/aai ae?aaiaai aiaei?ia.

Iaeiaei yoi ia aanii?yaei/iia iaa?iiiaeaeaiea ieeo, a i?aaeeueii
?acaaeeaoeeny eaiaiiue iaioee?ue, iaua?u e a?iou eioi?iai ieacaeenue
i/aiue oaeiaiuie aeey eoeueoiauo oeaeae ae?aaieo ethaeae. Eoae, aaea
naaiaeiy auneony eaiaiiue oiei, eiaaea-oi aooaaaee aiaeu iioiia.
Aucaaiiua yoie aeiaaeueiie eaoano?ioie eciaiaiey i?eaaee e ?aceiio
eciaiaieth eeeiaoa, eaaeieeo, eciaiaieyi ?aeueaoa ianoiinoe. Eiaaea
niio?eoue ia yoio i?e?iaeiue iaiyoiee, iaaieueii aniiieiaaoue i
aeiiioiiiuo ethaeyo, e eaaeaony, /oi yoe aeuau ne?uaatho iiae niaie
inoaiee iioiieia Eaeia.

3. Eaiaiiay Iiaeea – oieeaeueiue caiiaaaeiee

Caiiaaaeiee iniiaai 5 ai?aey 1927a eae iniaaiiay i?e?iaeiio?aiiay
oa??eoi?ey ianoiiai cia/aiey. Aai ieiuaaeue ninoaaeyao ieiei 400 aa, ec
ieo 300 aa a ninoaaa Aeiiaoeeie iaeanoe e 100 aa a Caii?iaeneie. Ii
ieiuaaee e aunioa – yoi iaeaieueoay eio?ocey a Aeiiaanna e I?eaciauea.
Aa oieeaeueiua a?aieou ia eiatho aiaeiaia a Ie?a. Eo aic?ano ieiei 2
ie?ae. eao. Oeaiue ai? i?aaenoaaeaia Caiaaeiie e Ainoi/iie a?yaeie.
Oa??eoi?ey aie?oa ia?aaeaeaia, neiaiee/anee io?aiyaony. Ia oa??eoi?ee –
iocae, eioi?ue, e niaeaeaieth, aue cae?uo. Ana naiia eioa?aniia, noaey
ii eeoa?aoo?a, iaeaeaii a iaua?ao. A naiua eioa?aniua iaua?u canuiaiu,
aeaau nia?aiaiieee ia aeiaaaeyee e iao?iaeeoai eaiaiiiai aaea naie.

Iaeaieueoae aeinoii?eia/aoaeueiinoueth caiiaaaeieea Eaiaiiay Iiaeea,
aaconeiaii, yaeyaony eaiaiue ia aa?oeia ai?u Ino?ay, caiaaeiay noi?iia
eioi?iai iie?uoa caaaaei/iuie ienueiaiaie. Eeiaeiua ?acia?u eaiiy 130 ia
80ni. Ai?icaeu, ninoaaeythuea iaaeiene, oe?eiie ieiei 1ni e aeoaeiie aei
1 ni. E?ay oaeoaeaiee ioiineoaeueii aeaaeeea e ?iaiua. Eaiaiue oeaeeeii
ec ?iciaiai a?aieoa, iiaa?oiinoue ia 80% iie?uoa ?acee/iuie aeaeaie
ioia, /oi iniaaiii oneiaeiyao aiaeec. Iniiaiie caaaaeeie yaeyaony y?ei
au?aaeaiiue o?acoaaoe n neiiao?e/iuie ?acia?aie a oeaio?a eiiiiceoeee.
Iaaei neacaoue aua ia iaeiii aeaea eneonnoaa ooaeiaeieeia I?eaciauey –
neoeueioo?a. Ieacaeinue, /oi ian/aiee Eaiaiiie Iiaeeu yaeyeny ia oieueei
oi?ioae iniiaie aeey iao?iaeeoia, ii e ioee/iui iaoa?eaeii aeey
neoeueioo?u.

Iaeiaei, yoi ia aanii?yaei/iia iaa?iiiaeaeaiea ieeo, a i?aaeeueii
?acaaeeaoeeny eaiaiiue ueo, ia?aciaaaoee iaua?u, a?iou, i?ioiaeu.
Aeieaieaoiea enneaaeiaaiey o/aiuo ie?a ae?aaieo i?auo?ia i?eaaee e
ioe?uoeth ia oa??eoi?ee caiiaaaeieea aieaa oanoeaeanyoe a?ioia e iaua?,
ia iioieeao eioi?uo iaia?oaeaiu ianeieueei ouny/ ?aae/aeoeo ianeaeueiuo
ecia?aaeaiee.

Aeoaiei ?aaeenoe/aneea ?enoiee aeatho i?aaenoaaeaiea i oicyenoaa
ia?aiauoiuo ethaeae I?eaciauey, eo aeooiaiie eoeueoo?a. Eiaiii nthaea, a
yoe iaua?u e a?iou i?eoiaeeee ia?aiauoiua ethaee aeey naa?oaiey naieo
ia?yaeia, iieeiiaiey aiaai. Ianeaeueiua ?enoiee a a?ioao, iaua?ao
ioiinyony e yiioa iicaeiaai iaeaieeoa aei yiioe a?iicu e aieaa iicaeiaai
a?aiaie. Oaeei ia?acii, o?iiieiaey ianeaeueiuo ecia?aaeaiee Eaiaiiie
Iiaeeu ioaaouaaao ia?iiiue ia?eiae io XVI – XIII ouny/aeaoee aei i. y.
aei X – XII aaeia.

Ec ianoiuo eaaaiae iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiay aeaneo i?i nouanoaiaaiea ia
ianoa Eaiaiiuo Iiaee oeaeie «ai?iie no?aiu» (!). Noieeoea yoiai
ia?aciaaiey auea caeieaeiaaia ceui eieaeoiii, e ?acaayoue /a?u iiaeao
oieueei oio, eoi i?eianao oeaaoie iaii?ioieea, oeaaoouaai ii/ueth.
I/aaeaeii, /oi yoa eaaaiaea iiyaeeanue aneaaenoaea niaoaiey e
aeia?aieecaoeee ciaiee i?aaeeia e oe?aeineeo ia?iaeiuo iau/aaa.

4. Ia?iaeu Eaiaiiie Iiaeeu

A ?aciua a?aiaia oicyaaaie Eaiaiiie Iiaeeu auee neaaeothuea aeaeaeneea
ia?iaeu: neeou e eeiia?eeoeu, aiou e aoiiu, a oaeaea oaca?u e iieiaoeu.
Ii, iiaeaeoe, naiui yecioe/iui ec anao ia?iaeia, no?ieaoeo eiaaea-eeai
naie nayoeeeua ia yoii ianoa, auee ieaiaia aeaiuei-aieoaeueieoe
aiaciiie. Aeieaia a?aiy a enoi?eia?aoee auei i?eiyoi ?anniao?eaaoue
naeaeaoaeuenoaa ae?aaieo aaoi?ia i ieo, eae neacee. Iaeiaei,
a?oaieiae/aneea e enoi?e/aneea ioe?uoey iiaeoaa?aeeee, /oi aeaiiua
ieaiaia aeaenoaeoaeueii auee. E niiauaaiua i ieo naaaeaiey aioe/iuie
aaoi?aie niioaaonoaotho aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Eoae, /oi aea yoi auei ca
ieaiy, iaeoaaoaa a IV—III aaeao aei o. y. ia oa??eoi?ee nia?aiaiiie
Oe?aeiu? Ae?aaiyy enoi?ey aiaciiie ooiaeeo a eaaaiaea?iia i?ioeia.
Ia?aua enoi?e/anee aeinoiaa?iua naaaeaiey i ieo ioiinyony e IV aaeo aei
o. y. Oiaaea «Iinea iiaaaeiiiniiai n?aaeaiey i?e Oa?iiaeiioa yeeeiu (oae
aeaneo neacaiea) aica?auaeenue aeiiie ia o??o ei?aaeyo, aacy n niaie
aiaciiie, neieueei ei oaeaeinue caoaaoeoue aeeauie. A ioe?uoii ii?a
aiaciiee iaiaee ia yeeeiia e ia?aaeee anao ioae/ei. Iaeiaei aiaciiee ia
auee ciaeiiu n ei?aaeaaiaeaeaieai e ia oiaee ia?auaoueny n ?oe?i,
ia?onaie e a?neaie. Iinea oaeaiey ioae/ei iie iineeenue ii aieiai, e
aiieiua aao?ii, i?enoaee iaeiiaoe e E?aiiai ia ica?a Iaioeaea. E?aiiu
aea iaoiaeyony a caiea naiaiaeiuo neeoia. Caeanue aiaciiee nioee n
ei?aaeae ia aa?aa e noaee a?iaeeoue ii ie?anoiinoyi. Caoai iie ano?aoeee
oaaoi eioaaeae e caoaaoeee aai. ?acuacaeay ia yoeo eioaaeyo, iie
i?eiyeenue a?aaeoue Neeoneoth caieth». Caeiiu a yoii iaiau/iii aeaineii
ieaiaie auee no?iau.

«Aieoaeueieoeu auee o?aa?uie, iaoei no?aeyee ec eoea, eiaei aeaaeaee
ia/ii, oi?ioi acaeeee aa?oii e ia?aaeei iiaaaeaeaee a aieiao ioae/ei ec
ninaaeieo ieai?i. Noaeueaa ieaiiuo, eioi?ua noaiiaeeenue ioaeueyie
aiaciiie, auea oyae?eui eniuoaieai: iie auiieiyee „/??ioth“ ?aaioo,
/anoi eo eaea/eee, a eiaaea eca?aiieee auee iaaeiaieueiu, eo iii?inoo
oaeaaee. I?e ?iaeaeaiee aeaoae a aeeauo inoaaeyee oieueei aeaai/ae…
AE?eoeu iiae caoee aoaiia e iaae/aneeo caeeeiaiee, ?aneae?iiui aeaeacii
i?eaeeaaee iiai?iaeaeaiiui aeaai/eai i?aaoth a?oaeue, /oiau ?inea neea a
i?aaie ?oea — aeey aeaaeaiey ia/ii e eoeii».

Ni a?aiaiai aieinoaaiiua aiaciiee an? aea anooieee a aieaa ?aaiii?aaiua
ioiioaiey n iaeiei ec neeoneeo ieai?i, thiioe eioi?iai, acya ca naay
aiaciiie, ioei/aaaee ec naieo eneiiiuo caiaeue. Io yoiai nithca aiaciiie
ni neeoaie ia?aciaaeinue ieaiy na?iaoia. Iaeiaei aeaiueiu i?iaeieaeaee a
i?i ia oieueei iieueciaaoueny ?aaiii?aaeai ia?aaia n ioae/eiaie, ii e
caieiaoue eeaee?othuaa iieiaeaiea. Aio, /oi ieoao i na?iaoao ?eineee
aaia?ao II a. o. y. Iiiiiiee Iaea: «Na?iaou ia aeeaoo a ai?iaeao e
aeaaea ia eiatho iinoiyiiuo iano aeeoaeuenoaa: iie aa/ii aeeaoo eaaa?ai,
ia?aaicy nai? eiouanoai e aiaaonoai ooaea, eoaea i?eaeaeatho eo eo/oea
ianoaeua eee i?eioaeaeatho ionooiathuea eee i?aneaaeothuea a?aae, ieaiy
aieinoaaiiia, naiaiaeiia, iaiiei?iia e aei oiai aeanoieia e nae?aiia,
/oi aeaaea aeaiueiu o/anoaotho a aieiao ia?yaeo n ioae/eiaie». «Aei
iaaeaaiaai a?aiaie, a oi/iaa, aei 1976 aiaea, ia?acu e aeayiey aiaciiie
auee ecaanoiu a iniiaiii ii ?enoieai ia ae?aaiaa?a/aneeo ninoaeao…

Iaeiaei ai a?aiy iiei/aineie a?oaieiae/aneie yeniaaeeoeee (1951—1952)
iiae ?oeiaiaenoaii Oa?aiiaeeeia A.ss. auei ioe?uoi 42 na?iaoneeo
iia?aaaiey, n?aaee eioi?uo iaiaei i?eiaaeeaaeaei aeaiueiai-aiaciieai…
A iaeiie ec iiaee eaaeaee inoaiee iieiaeie aeaaooee. Aoiae a
iia?aaaeueioth eaia?o aue cae?uo aea?aayiiui ueoii. Aaeece iia?aa?iiie
eaaeaee: aiaaie iiyn, ai?eo-naeaae ni no?aeaie e aeaa iaeiia/ieea eiiee.
Oay oe?aoaia aonaie, ia ?oeao — a?aneaou — iiaycee ec na?aa?a e a?iicu.
Iaaeaeaei io eo?aaia iaeaeaii au? iaeii iia?aaaiea aiaciiee, eioi?ia
ioiineony e ?oaaaeo iaoae y?u. E aiiaue ?yaeii n iia?aa?iiie — i?aaeiaou
aii?oaeaiey e ooaeaoa: eiiue?, ia/, no?aeu, oieeueee, ca?eaeueoea,
eieueoea, oeaeiiu aeey aeaaiaiiee… Aeiiie?ao ooi/iyao, /oi aeaaooea ia
iiaea aueoe caioae aei oao ii?, iiea a aith ia oaeaaea o??o a?aaia».

AEanoieinoue e i?ioeaianoanoaaiiua ooieoeee, acyoua ia naay aeaiueiaie,
a oaeaea aii?aeueiinoue ?aeeaee i?eaaee e aeooiaiie aeaa?aaeaoeee
na?iaoneiai ia?iaea, a caoai e aai aeaaee, eioi?ay aianoa n iaaeaieai
eeiia?eeoeaa e neeoia, ae?oaeo iaeoaoaeae Eaiaiiie iiaeeu
i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaea, e /aio i?eaiaeeo ionooieaiea io Aiaa. Aeieaia a?aiy
a enoi?e/aneie iaoea (e iniaaiii, a neeo eaeaieiaee, niaaoneie) auei
i?eiyoi aiai?eoue i oae iacuaaaiuo ia?aiauoiuo ethaeyo, ia?eiaea
ae?aaiaeaiaiiiai aaea (iaeaieeoa), eioi?ua auee iieoaeeeeie, aeeee a
iaua?ao, ia ciaee ie iiiyoey naiuee, ie oai aieaa ?aeeaee (e oae oai
aieaa iiiioaecia). Neiaii, yoi auee iieoethaee, ia?inoea eae iaacueyiu
oa?noueth e eniieuecothuea eeoue eaiie aeey ioiou e naeaaiey ieiaeia.
Iaeiaei, a iineaaeothuai auei aeieacaii, /oi aeaeaiea enoi?ee a
caaeneiinoe io ea/anoaa iaoa?eaea, ec eioi?iai ecaioiaeyee i?oaeey
o?oaea (eaiaiue, iaaeue, a?iica, aeaeaci) ianinoiyoaeueii. E /oi
aeaeaciua i?oaeey ano?a/athony a oao aea a?aiaiiuo ioeiaeaieyo, eiaaea
aeieaeiu auee au auoue oieueei eaiaiiua. Auei iieacaii, /oi aeeee yoe
ethaee a iaua?ao ia iioiio, /oi auee aeeeeie, a iioiio, /oi n?aco a
iineaiioiiiue ia?eiae auea i/aiue aunieay naenie/aneay aeoeaiinoue e
iino?iaiiua aeeeeua auno?i ?ac?ooaeenue. A ieaia aea naiaai ?acaeoey,
?aeeaeicii-yoe/aneeo i?aaenoaaeaiee iie ia ioee/aeenue io ian,
nia?aiaiiuo ethaeae. E?oiiue o?aioeocneee o/?iue, i?ioanni? A.
Ea?oa-Ao?ai ienae: «?aeeaey iaeaieeoa aeioea aei ian a naiae
ecia?aceoaeueiie aa?oeia… Ii?aaeaeaiiia ecia?aaeaiea anaiauaai
ii?yaeea yaeaiee neiaiee/anee ia?aaeaii oai /a?ac /aeiaa/aneea e
caa?eiua ia?niiaaee. O?ai yoio — iaeiia?aiaiii iee?ieiniin e iaioaii…
Iu aeaeei eeoue neaaoth oaiue ?aeeaee iaeaieeoa. Iaeii iiaeii neacaoue
oaia?ue oa??aei: yoe ecia?aaeaiey ne?uaatho eneeth/eoaeueii neiaeiue e
aiaaoue ie? i?aaenoaaeaiee, ai?acaei aieaa neiaeiue e aiaaoue, /ai
n/eoaeinue aei neo ii?. Ii?yaeie neiaieia inoa?ony iaeiei e oai aea
iiiaea ouny/aeaoey, e yoi aeieacuaaao nouanoaiaaiea ieoieiaee». E
naeaeaoaeuenoaa, inoaaeaiiua ae?aaieie ethaeueie ia Eaiaiiie iiaeea
yaeythony oiio iiaeoaa?aeaeaieai. A aeaiiie aeaaa iu ?anniio?ei eeoue oa
ianeaeueiua ?enoiee Eaiaiiie Iiaeeu ia?eiaea eaiaiiiai aaea, eioi?ua
eiatho i?yiua aeaeaeneea ia?aeeaee.

5. Ae?aai aeecie

N?aaee iao?iaeeoia (io a?a/. petros — eaiaiue e glyphe — ?acueaa —
ianeaeueiua ecia?aaeaiey) iaia?oaeaiu ecia?aaeaiey „ae?aaa aeecie“.
Ae?aaiea ethaee ciaee, /oi n yoei aea?aaii naycaii a?aoiiaaeaiea eo
aeae?eeo i?aaeeia e iioa?y eie aa/iie aeecie e /oi ieiaeu yoiai aea?aaa
i?eianee a iaoo aeeciue nia?oue. Ii a oi aea a?aiy o ieo i?iaeieaeaei
aeeoue, i?aaaea, a niooiii aeaea i?aaeaiea i oii, /oi, a eiioea eiioeia,
nia?oue aoaeao iiaaaeaeaia Aiaii a Aai ai?ueaa ni ciaai e ae?aai aeecie
aiiaue aoaeao aeaaaoue ethaeyi aeeciue. Iiyoiio ia iiaeeueieeao ae?aaiea
ethaee e ecia?aaeaee /anoi ae?aai aeecie, eioi?ia aiiaue aeano aeeciue
oiio, eoi eaaeeo a yoie iiaeea. A Ae?aaiai Eeoaa e ae?oaeo ianoao aue
iau/ae naaeaoue aea?aauey ia iiaeeao, /oiau i?eaeaoue aeooo oia?oaai
neeo e oai naiui nianoe aai oaei io ?aceiaeaiey. Enoaoe, eiaiii ionthaea
i?ienoiaeeo iau/ae naaeeoue ia iiaeeao oeaaou.

6. Ciae eae neiaie cea

Neiaieaie cea ciae auee e a Aaaeeiia, Eiaeee, Aaeioa. Nio?aieee
ae?aaiea ia?iaeu e i?aaeaiea i oii, /oi ciae aoaeao iiaaaeae?i Aiaii,
eioi?ue e aa?i?o ethaeyi aa/ioth aeeciue. «Ieou i ciaaai?noaa iieo/eee
iniaaiii aieueoia ?ani?ino?aiaiea». Ieoieiaey i?eienuaaao ooieoeee
ciaaai?noaa iiiaei aiaai-aeaieo?aai, eae iai?eia?, Ia?aeoeo, ?a, Caano,
Aiieeiio, io/anoe ssoaa. Ieou i ciaaai?noaa auee oe?iei ?ani?ino?aiaiu a
Aaaeeiia, Aaeioa, Eiaeee. Oae, ?eaaaaea — ae?aaiaeiaeeeneee yiin
?anneacuaaao, /oi «ae?aeii A?eo?o… eiae aeae aaniea/aai, aaciiaiai e
aac?oeiai, o.a. ciaaiiaeiaiiai nouanoaa, iieieaoaainy ia ai?a. Eiae?a
oaee ae?aeiia, oaea?ea aai ii aieiaa. E oiaaea «iaiiaaiii iaae caie?e
i?ineye naao, iioiee aiaeu ?eioeenue n ai? e ianuoeee aeaaeaeouoth
caieth». Ecia?aaeaiea ciay, ae?aeiia-aaoaia, iaeaeaii auei a 1985 aiaeo
e ia Eaiaiiie Iiaeea. A?io, aaea iii auei iaia?oaeaii, iieo/ee iacaaiea
„A?io Ae?aeiia“. Ii aieaa anaai ii?aaeaao iaeia eioa?aniay aeaoaeue, a
eiaiii ecia?aaeaiea /aeiaa/aneie nooiie, iieiyuaeny ia aieiaa ae?aeiia.
«Aeey eioa?i?aoaoeee ecia?aaeaiey /aeiaa/aneie nooiie ia aieiaa
ae?aeiia-aaoaia ec a?ioa Eaiaiiie iiaeeu, ia iao acaeyae, iaeaieaa
i?eaieai nthaeao ec Ooia?a, eiaaea Ieiae?n, ii?aaeay a?aaa, iioneaao ia
iaai „naith iiao/oth noiio“. Ia aieiaa ae?aeiia a a?ioa eiathony neaaeu
oaea?ia ino?ui i?oaeeai — yaiay naycue n ?aeeaeiciui ia?yaeii oaeenoaa,
a nooiiy — ia/oi eiia, eae neiaie aa?iy eee aio?iiiii?oiiai aiaeanoaa,
ii?aceaoaai ae?aeiia e ii?iaeeaoaai nieioea, iaai, oo?aiithth ca?th».
Eaeay y?eay eeethno?aoeey e aeaeaeneiio oaenoo «e a?aaeaeo iieiaeo
iaaeaeo oiaith e iaaeaeo aeaiith, e iaaeaeo naiaiai oaiei e iaaeaeo
naiaiai aa; iii aoaeao ii?aaeaoue oaay a aieiao, a ou aoaeaoue aeaeeoue
aai a iyoo». Ciae niiaeao ii?aaeaoue oieueei noiio, ii nai aoaeao
ii?aae?i a?yaeouei Nianeoaeai a aieiao. Naaaeaiey i ii?aaeaiee ciay a
aieiao e /aeiaa/aneie noiia nio?aieeenue e o iiiaeo ae?oaeo ia?iaeia,
aoaeo/e naycaiu n eoeueoii aa?iy e Aiaa e iiiyoeyie — neiaieaie aeaoo
ia/ae: aeecie e nia?oe.

7. E?ano

Iaeaeaiu ia ieeoao Eaiaiiie Iiaeeu e ecia?aaeaiey e?anoa, ioiinyueany e
yiioa oae iacuaaaiiai eaiaiiiai aaea. Yoa iaoiaeea ia oa??eoi?ee Oe?aeiu
aianoa n iiiai/eneaiiuie ae?oaeie au? ?ac naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i oii, /oi
neiaie e?anoa eiaao /enoi ycu/aneia i?ienoiaeaeaiea: «a eaiaiiii aaea —
yiioa a?iicu ia?aiia/aeueii e?ano aue neiaieii eaeae oeaio?a e iniiaiuo
aai iai?aaeaiee eee neiaieece?iaae nieioea». «sscu/aneea ieaiaia
iieeiiyeenue e?anoo, eae neiaieo aannia?oey». O o?enoeai aea e?ano
«aeaeaei ia n?aco noae aaaeiaeoei neiaieii iiaie ?aeeaee. A ?aiiai
o?enoeainoaa, a I, II e aeaaea a III aa., e?ano eae i?oaeea eacie Eenona
O?enoa i?ace?aeny aa?othueie. A yoie nayce Ieiooeey Oaeeen ienae: „/oi
eanaaony e?anoia, oi iu eo nianai ia ii/eoaai; iai ia ioaeiu iie, iai
o?enoeaiai; yoi au ycu/ieee, au, aeey eioi?uo nayuaiiua aea?aayiiua
eaeieu, au ii/eoaaoa aea?aayiiua e?anou».

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