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Языковые и стилистические особенности жанра ‘очерк’

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I????o? ?????y e ??e ?O

O????? ????i ? ?????th

A??????? ???????a ????? a???

??????ue?? ?????y

E????? ???????e ?????o ?. I. A. I????

E???y ???

? ????? e ??????? ?ae?????th

ss???a e ??????? ?????e ??a “??e”

A???? ????a 3 ??

???????i o????a

????y ???e??e

E???? Nth??a I????a

I??? ??????

???? ??????? ??,

??? ???u ???? y??

I???i A?? A?????a

???ia 2008

N????a

A???a

1 AEAAA. O?????? ??? ???ey y???o e ??????? ?????? ??a «???

1.1. I?? ?e ?? ???e????? ??y. N???ue e ??????e ???

1.2. N????ay ?????y i??a

1.3. O??????a y???u ???: ???, ???, ????ay ???????

2 AEAAA. ss???o e ??????? ?????ae ??a «???

2.1. O?u ??

2.2. ss???a ???? ???????e

2.3. N????

C?eth??a

N??e ?????

I????y3

5

5

1

1

3

3

3

3

3

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4A???a

Ae??y ???ay ??? ??y?? ???eth y???o e ??????? ?????? ??a «???. I?y?a «???
a ???? ?c??y ??????? ????? ??????i ?? ??o ?y?? ??????a. O?y ????? ??ea,
?i e ?i ?y??eth ????i A. I. A?ue?e, ???e a ??i ? ??o ??i ???a ? ?????
???o ??u?e, ?i ??ae?i a ?????e ?e?a, ?ath?? ????th ??????th ??o, ?e
«???» y?y?ny ??? «?????» [1, c. 145].

O???ue y?? ??ey ?o???ue ???. I??i ?, ?i ?????, ???a A.I. A??? ???e
«????, ?y??? ?ith? ? a ?o ???, ??a o ?? ???? ??ue ???ue ? ??? y?i «???»,
??a?y ? ????.

N?? ???????a ??????? ??? ??????e ????? ?????? ???tho ??a A.A. E???? («A
???? ??), A.I. *??a («I??a N???»), A.E. O????i («?a????), I.A.O????i
(«A? y??») e ?. I??? ??i ??th??y ???? y?? ??a ?i???e ????th ??????, ????
A.I. A???, I.A. E???, A.I. Ii??e, E.I. N???, A.A. A?, A.A. A?????, A.A.
I???, A. I. A??? e ??ea ???.

I?? ????y «???? ??????i-??e?????o ???, ? n ??e ??ey ????? ?i — ? ?? ?
???? ?o???o. E y? ??????i ?e, ????o ???? ???e ??e ????o ??? ??? a ?i
???, ?? ? ???? a??? ???e ???? ?????y ????????, ????th?? a ?i ???a [2].
I?e ????? ??? ??, ????, ??? ??e ???y?e ???o ?????y, ???i ???ue ????,
???????? ?i. I?i ?a e ?????oth?i ???i ??????ue ????eth e ????ue ? a
?eoth ??o, ???y ??o ????, ??????i ????e, ?i ????o ? ???ue??ue ?????ey

Oe?ueth ae??e ??? y?y?ny ???? y???o e ??????? ?????? ??a «???. Aeey
????ey ?????? ?? ????? ??? ??oth?a ???:

1. I???ue ???? e ??????e ???.

2. E??? ?????e ?????e ?????e ???a ????o ??a.

3. I??? ??????? y???u ???: ???, ???, i????y ???a???a.

4. Auy?? ?????a, ???????a, ??????? ?????e ??a

I???ii ?????ey y?yth?y y???a e ??????? ?????e ??a «???, a ???? ?????ey –
?? «???.

I??u ?????ey: ??????a: ???? e ??? ?????u ? ?? ?????ey; ????a ??a; ?????a
e ??????a ?e ???a ???: ???a e ???a; ??????? ???a e ?.

E????i ?????ey ???? ????? ??e, ?o?????e a ??y?a 1999a., a ??? «E?n????y
???», ???i ???e yaey?ny I. I???a. I? y?i ?????? ??u ??o ???a ?e A.A.
Ea???, ?.I. I?aiyi, A.O. I??i, I.?. N???a, A.A. O????, A.E. Oe?e, I.Y.
O??i e ?.

N???? ?????ey. Ae??y ??? ???o ec ???ey, ?? ??, ??th??y, ??? ???????
????? e ????ey.

1. AEAAA. O?????? ??? ???ey y???o e ??e????o ?????? ??a «?a?»

1.1 I?? ?e ?? ????????i ??y. N???ue e ??????e ???.

I?? ? ???????? ??? ?????? y?y?ny ??e.

I?? -1. I???? ?????? ??????, ???a i???a ?c?i?o ???e (??? ????i ????).
Ae??????e, ?a???e???, ???e ??e. 2. I?? ????a ?e?i-??? ???a. I?? ???e
???e. (O???e ??a?)

I?? – 1) A ??????? ????? ?? ? ???????e ?n??a, ????ny ???e ???????th,
?????o ???????i ????? ????. 2) I???????e, a ?i ??a ???????, ??e ???? e
?????o ????a ??u e y??ey ?????? ??e, ?e ???i a ??????e ?y?? ?????ey ?
???i. (Yi???????e ?i??)

E?e, ??ay? ? ?????y ????, ??i ???ue ??ae, ?i ??e??ie ?????ueth ???
y?y?ny ????????, ??????ue ???, ??o?, i ???o ?? ??. A ?i ???th?y ????a
??a e ???e ?????? ?oe, ???????, a ? ?????a ??a ???e, ?????y ???ay ?????,
????ony ??y ???ey. A ???, ?e e a ??????? ??????, ????th?y ???????a ????,
??y?y y???u ??????? ????e.

I?? – ???? ?????e ?y ?????? ??, ???ai ? ???i ?????e e ???i ? ???, ?
?????i ?????ny e ??????? ???. A??? ????? ????ey – ??????y ??a ???. Ii ?
??? ????o, ?????? ?e ????o? ??, ? e ????ey? ?i a ??/??a ???? ???. E???ue
??? ? ??a ??a a ???, ?i ?? ?e ???a. Nth? ??i ???e ????ee ???o. I????e
??? ??????o ?a?? ??o ??????? ????. E ??????i ????i ??ny?y:

1 ??ue;

2 y?e;

3 ??? ???a, ????e e y???a;

4 ????ey e o.ae.

E???ue a ??? ?????o ??? ???? ?o????? ??y, ?a ???ey?ny. I??, ?e ???i,
???ny ? ???i ???????ei ???i. I?? ?????i – a ?i ??i ????o ??e.

N???ue ??? ? ??? ??????? ?i, ?i a ?i ???y?ny ?????a (??y?i-????) e
????????a (??????a) ???. I??i «??????? ???a??i ??? ??????ny ?e ?a????a
???????i ???, a ? ??y ?e ?? ??? ? ??? ???? ?????y, ?y?a?a ?i ????y?e
???a? ?e ??????a ?????????, ???e???i ???. N??????i a ?? ? i????y ????y
?e ???????i-??????ay, ?e ?a??a???i-??????y ????y ??????i ????. E ?a a
?a?? ?e ?e ?? ????e ???th?y ?e «??????th?y» y?e???? ??u. E??i ??iy????ue
????? ??iy???? ?e?a ??y ???a ???? ???? ??y/? ??? i ?i, ???? ? ????
(?????) ??e e ??????? ?ie???eyi ?e ? — e ???i???-ae??????.

I?????a a ?? ????? ??? ?? ?e ??i ??? ???o ??? a?? ? ?? e ???? ?????ey.
O?, ?? ????i ??a???y ????o ??y-? ????ay ???ey, ? ??????ui ?y ? ?????ey
??o ??????e ??ae. A?e ? ????i ????o??i ???? ??a ????, ? ??a ???y?i ?y
?y??ey ? ????a ??o ????a??e ??ae, ???yth?e, ?e ???ue, ??a ?????? ??i
????? a ??ie?eth ????, ?c ??????y i ?o?? ??? ??? i ?????? ?e ?ae????
eth?? ????, a ?i ??a e ??y ???.

I???y ? ? ?i ? ??? ??ayo (????, a ????eyo ??? ????? a ????i ???i ??????
????a — ??n??a A???y A?????i) a??????, ????????a ??? a ???o yaey?ny
???i, ?a ? ??????a ia ??? a ???? ?y?? n ????a??i a ?i ?????i ???????i
??aea.

N?????o ??? ?? ??i ?????a ??????ay ???i??ue, ??i — a ??a ????????. Y?,
????, ???i ?i, ?i ???? ????, o.a. ?????a ???y, i ???o ???? ??e?o, ??i
????i ?????, nth?? ? ????i ????a??u, ????ai? ??u ????i ????u, ?????u, ?i
?? ? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???ey e ??????ny ? ? ??? ?????, ????e ? ??o
????? ?ae?????o ?i????e. A y?i ?o?a ?????ue a ?????e ??????ie ?????a
???? ????? ???i ????ny ????.

?????i ???? ??u ???? ????????i ? ???yo?e ?? ?? ???a? ????? (?. ????? 1).

??????y ?????oth a ????? 1 ????eth, ??i ????, ?i, ????y ? ???th ?????? ?
?????i ?o???i, ?a ? ?????ny, ???, a ?a?th ?e ???????th, a ???ny ???i.
I??o? I??a ??i ???, ?i ????o ????o ? «????? ?????, ???a? ??? ????o
(«?na?eth a ???», ?e ?i ???? ???). A /? y? ?iy?y?ny?

Ai-???, ? ???? a ???? ???? ?????y ???? ?y ???y?? ?e??????e ???. I??i ???
??? (?e ?? ?i ?????) — ???? y??, ??????e, ???th?e «???? ?ai?, ?????oth?o
??a ???a a y???. Ia y? ??? ????o ?a???i: «A?e ? y ??? ???? ?y ???o ??e,
y ? ??a??i ??th ??o ??y?? ? ??? y?? ?????? ??. Ii??? Aea ???, ?i,
?-??uo, y? ?????? ?? ??a 90-o ??a, e, ?-a??o, ???, ?i a y?i ?? ?? ?a ?y
??, ??u ???e ??i??, ??i ?e e ?a ?y ??, ??u ???ue ?? ? ??????? ?n???a?a.
A?, ?e ???, ???o ? ????. I??i ??aa? — ???.

Ai-???, ?????y y?? ?????ey ???ny ? ?????? ?y ??????? o???e ????a ??a,
???????, ??? (n ??e ???u) e ?a, ????????, ?????? (n ??? ???u). I??th
???o y?? ????a ????ey? ??y *??a, ??oth — ????? A???a e a? ???-???u. E
?oy ???? y?o a ??e-? ?? ???ny «? ???», ??i?? ??? ?????o ?? ???? ?a?a ??i
? ???? ?????? ??u, ? ? a ??? ??????. E ??? ?? ? y?i ??ue, ?a ???y n
«???», ????yth?e ??o.

A-???o, ??? ????? ?????i, ???? «??????? ?y????ue ??u A??e?a. E ???ny y?
? ????. E??i ??i ????e ????? ???? ???? e y?????i ????? y???a, ?????
???ey ?????? e ???? ?ae?? ? ??e?a ??? ?????o ????u ??????, ????? ?
???????ue e ???o ??????i ???y. I???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?y ??????
??????i-????????i e ???no???i ???.

I????e ??e. A?? ?????i ??? – ????? ???e, ???th?e ?? ?e ???e ??????e e
??????. A ???o?i ??? ??? ?? ? ??? ???o a ??i ??? y?? ??a, ? e ??a?a
?????, a ???e ??o e ???? ??e ???, ?????? i ?i ???, ????o, ????yo, i ?i
???????yo n ???th??. A? y? ??? ???? ???? ????? ?? ??y ???. Ia?iy?e ?????
??e ai???o a ????? ???????i ?a?? ???? ??y, ??ath??ny ? ?????? ??? ? ???
(??????, ????????, ????? e ?.), o.a. a ????? ?ya??y ????a ??y. I??? —
????? ??? I. A???i. I?? ?????e i?o??? ??e ? ????o ?????e ?n???e ??? ????
? ?i?i.

I????e, ???? ????? a ???a?e 2, ??th???? ????? ?y ?????e ????? ??????e
???. I? ??o ? ???a ??????i-???????? e ??????o (?e ?? ???????) ??? e
????tho ??e ??? ???????th, ????i ?????y a ???e y?y?ny ???e, ??? ??e.

O??????e ??? ???a ??y ??o ????ue ???-??ae?? e ????i e?i ???i, ??? ???,
???, n ???e ??????, ???o, ???????? ?i ??????e. A??-???? e ???-????ue ?e
? ???tho a ???? ?? n ???. O??????e ??ae ???? ??? ???ue ?? ??c ??a ????,
i???ue ?i ? ??i ?????, ????i, ???????, ?? ?????ue ?y?? ?o???, ???? ???
????, ?i ? ??? ??o ????ue n ???? ??o????, ????, ????????i, y??????i ?e
???-? ??i ???a.

????a a ???o, ??oth?o ? ???????i ???a e ? ?a?? ??i ?? (????, ????????i),
????o ?e ????, ????th?a ??o ?ey? ?????i-y?????? e ??i (?? ? ?i???????)
???ey eth?e, ????. I?ie y? ???? ??o ?n??? ???e ????a. E a y?i ??? ???
i????e ??o ?c??? y?o ???? «?e??? ????e, ????, ????, ??????? ??? ??????
?eyi. A y?i ??aa ? ??o ?a???i «?iy???» ??a-? ??????? ??? ??y, n ?i, ??u
?????? ? ?y ????y ?ae???, ???, a ??????? ??? ??????i ???.

I????e ??e. A ??? ?????i ??? ????i ???? ???u: ??????, y??????,
????-y???? e ?. A?? ??? ???ny ????y a ???a ??? ???i, ???? a ???? ? ???
?????e.

A y?i ??a ????????i ??y ?? ??o ??????ny ???o?a ????e, ? ???i ??ue ?????y
? ???? ?? ?e ??i ????, a ?i ????a e ??? ????, ????a ??e ?a?y, ?c???
??y?. A ??i ??? ??i ????ue e ???a ???e, ??e??e. Ii ?e ?? ??? ???????
???e ??? a ??a, ????? ???e??? ??y?, ?iei ? ???a ???????. I?? ??? ?? ??o
?????? ????.

Ii ??e ????? ?????e ????ue ??e ??o ?? ?i?i n ??i ?a?????i ??????o ???,
?e ??uey. I???e ??? ???? ????o, ??? ??i, ae?????? a ?? ?????y ?i???e
???? ????????? ???. E? e a ???, a ?i???i ??? ??? ?y?y? ???u ??????y ?e
?e ?? ?i??u, ???ny ????? ? ????? ????, ?y?? ?? ???y [3, c. 259-269].

A ? ? ??y ????? ??e ??? ??i ????? ??i ???? ? ????? ???. I???a ??? ???a
???o a ?i, ?i a ????? ??? ????a ????? ???? ???a ? ????ey?ny, ?e ???ue,
«a ??i ??», o.a. a ?? ??????? ?????i?? ?e ????? ????, ???a e o.i., ?i
?????i ??? ?e ??o. I???a a ??? ????o ?e ????, ???th ??th?y ?a???ue ???
????? eth? n ? ??????e e ??????. Ia ????noe ?e ?e ?? ?y????e, ???th
????o ????, ?i??a ??ue ??i ?iy?y?ny ??c ???? (?e ??e??), ??c ?????ey
????a eth?e. E???y y? ????u, ? ????, ? ??o ????y ? ?? ????.

I? y?i ??th??a ? ????i ????a a ??? ??? ??i????y ??????e ?????y?, ?e ?
???u a??a ???, ?e e ? ???u ??? ???. I?ay? ????ue ?? ????y??, ??a?? ??i
????? ?????? ?????, ????e, ???ea?y ? ??. A ??? — y? ???a ??, a oi ??y ?e
a ????? ??? ?e i????. I???ue ????? ??e, ? ???ay? a ?e ??a ?y????e, ???y
a ?i ??????y, ?????. E?ue ??i?a ??????a a ?? ?? ???? ?ea?? ??? e ???o
????th ?e ?i??u, ???y ??o a ??? ?????e ????, e ?????oth?i ???i ???ue ? a
??i ??? [3].

I??? ??e ????ey? ??e ???? ??o ???e, ???a??e, ??? n ???e eth??, n ????e
??? ?????ny a ?? ?i?i ?????i ?????y (???e, ?????? e ?.) ?????y, ???e
???e ??e ? ??o ?? ???i ??/???? ?e ????? ??i, ?i ??? ??? a ???a ??e ???e.
Aea e i?????ue ?a ??ai?a ?????i ?yae ? ??? ?? ????ue ? ?ae??, ?y ????
????y ??e. O? e? ??a, ? ????o ????ny ???? ??a ?????, ??a ???. *? ???a?
??i ??i ????? e ??? — ???o ? ?? ???a, ???e ?ea???ny o ?? a ?? ??o??ey.
?????y, ???e ??o ????? e ???i ? ????? ???e. En??? ????? ?y ?? ??o ??ue
?e ??e? ??? ??th??y ?????, ?e e ?e???y ??ue ????ey ? ?o ? ??o, ????,
?ae? e ?????y. Ii ? ??th??, ?i ????o ???o ?????? ???a ? ??? ????a ?e
???e ????o ?ae ?????? ??o-? ?? ???? (???, a ????? ??oey ??a??a a ??e-?
?????? ??e). E? e a ?? ???i?e eth?? ????? e ????i ????a (a ???a ??? ???
??? e ??tho), a ?? ????? ???, ?a ? ??? ??a ????, y?o ???e ??o ??
?????i?i ?e ?? ?????i ???i — ?a ???o ? ??e?? ?e ???a?e, ???y ???o a
???y??a ??a??a.

E??i ? y?o ????th ???????ny ???e ?e, ?e ?i ?a ?-??o ???tho, ???oth ?ath
???? ?????ey e ??? ???? ?a ????a ???i a ?? ????? ?????? ??u e ?a?o??y.
A?e ? ?e ??aeyo ? ??e ??? ???a, ? ? ??i??y ???? a ??????i ????.

I??? ??? ??o ?????? ??a ??? ??. O?, ???i ?y ????? ??o ??ue ??c ??, ?e a
??? ???o, ???o, ??c ?o?? ? ????o, ???ny ??y-? ?? ???? (????, ?e ?????i
????y ? ??e??). Ii ??o ????ue ??ae ??e e ?? ??i ??a, ???? ?????ue, ?e
????a ??? ???a ???? ????a ? ??? ??y, ??a ??e i?????o. I?? ????? i ?i, e?
???yth?y ?iy??e ???? ? ?i ????, ???i ? ?a??. E? ? ??o ?????y n ???ath??
a ???i?o ???o, ??c ???a ????o, ?????e A??? I????i?e ??u, ?ath?? ??ea
A?iy N????i Nith? ?e y?yth??ny ???e ????? ??? N??. O?? ??e ????? ?????a
????i. A ????? ? ????? ??o ?y?o?y ??a ??? ? ????eth ???a i??e. A eth?i
??? ????o ??? ?a? ??eue??? ? ?a????a, ???a ?????y? ?o ???e ??e.

1.2. N????ay ?????y ???

N???? ????u ????i ??? ???? ? ?????? y?? ??a, ?ath?? ???th e ?????oth
???o. N ??e ???u, ??e ???ny ? c??? ??????? ?????, a n ??? – ??e???e e
??e. A??y i «???e ?????? ???, A.E. AE??? a ?? ??y ???, ?i «?????ue
o???????e ???… ???o a ?i, ?i ?a??????y ??ue a ?i ??????a, ??y?, ?oy e
????y ? ?i?????? ????. Ii ? ??eth, a «??? ??? ????e ????? ?ey?a ????????
??e e ???????i ??i? [4, c. 24]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/81.htm –
_ftn16. *?? ???ue ??? ?ey?y, ??? i?? ?????ny ? ??? i ???? ????? ???, ? e
i ?i ????e ???????? ??ueth. A ??? «????? ?????ay ?eue ????y ????i
??????? ???i.

I???a ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???????ue ??i ?y?e, ?????i ?y ???th?e ???????? –
????i e ?e??i-??????. A ?????? n y?i ???i ??oth?a ?? ????o ????:

1. O?????a ????? ??? (???? y???, ???e, ?????? ??e a ? ????e ??a??????e).

2. I????a, ????? ? ??? ??e?i-?????? ?y?e (??e-??????, ???, ?a ?o ???? i
???e, y??? ?e ??i-?? ???a ??e ??y «? ???e», a ?a ??????a ???ny ? ???io ?
????e, a ?a???e ????a????e. A ??? y?o ???? ??o ? ??? ????y, ?e a ???
???, a ??? ??a???y.

3. O? ????ay y????ay, ????y ??a ????ey, ???i?y ? ???o ??oe???? ?ycyo e
???? ????yo. Y? ??a ??i?a ??????? a ???? ????i ???. I?, ?e ???i, ????o a
?? y???u ??o ????? ??a e ???????y ?e???e ???????th, ???????th, ??????i
????ya?o e??????o ???a e ???a [5, c.
75]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/81.htm – _ftn17.

?????i, ?e ? a i??a ????th?y ???? ?? ?y?e.

I??e ?i ??????? ????u ??ea – ?????? – ????ny ???? ?????i y?a. A ??? ???
??e ??????y ??aey ? ???????? ??u ????o ????, y???a e ??o?e. «I??ae – ???
????y ???????? ???a ?y????e ??y, ??a ???th?y ???? ?y y?e ?y????e ???ey.
Y??ae ? – ?????? ???e ??, ????a ?ia?a (??????i ???a) ec ???? ?e ???y.
A???? ???? – ????a ??? ???a ?y????e, ???e ?e ????? ??iy????o ???? ???i
?a?? e ? ??????ny a y??? [15, c.
84-85]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/81.htm – _ftn18. N???otho ?a ????
?????y ???y a ????i ????a?e: ?y?y e ????y ????ey.

I? ?y?i ?????a?? ?????e ??? ??????o ??????a, ???????i ???ay ???? ??????
???u ? ??e ??y. I? ???e ???? a ????e ??? ??? ????? ???o ?yae ?o???e.
I??y ? ?o ?y?? n ????e? ????? ????. A?ue ???? a ??i ??? ???c i ?? ??e
??y ??c??i. Iiy?? ????? ???u ???th?y, ? ???y ????e???i ???? ???ey. A??y
???? ?y?? n ????e ??????y. Ay????a ???? ??????? ??? ?yae ? ??-? ??o
???????. Iiy?? ?????, ??u ??a?a a ??? ??i ????oth ??o. A ??? ????????
??? ??o ?? ???? y?i ????ay ???, ? ????i ???e ???eth ?? ? ????i ?a??.
A???y ? ???? ?? ??a ????? ????, ????? ??a i????ue ??? y?? ?????i y?a ??a
?cii??? y???u.

I????e ??e, ?????e ?e ???i???? ???? ??e ??y, ???o ? ????? ???i ?????.
C??, ?????i ???? O.A. A?????ay, ??? ??i ????i ??e ????? ??? ??????? ???.
I? y?i «????a ??? ?????? ????ue ???ny ??i ???? (???a ??o ?? y??e, ??
??a??i?e) ?????y? ??, ????y? ??? a ??a ????, ????o – ????th ????? ??
??????, ?i ?????ey, ?i ??a??? ??, ?c ?? ??cy ?????ue ????oth ?? ??y – ?i
????th, ?i ??» [11, c. 67]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/81.htm – _ftn19.
I???i ??i ????i ?? ??? ????? ???atho a ????? i??? n ?o?nth??? ?????
???i. O???? ????i nth??, ??? ??e ???tho ???e ? ???ey ??e ??y, ?????a
?????y ? ??? ?????ai ???y.

O??????? ???i ????ey ????a?y ??? ? ??? ?????o, ? e ???? ???. A ae??i ???
??? ??o ????ny ?????? ?????y? a ?y?e ???????e ????a????e. Y? ??o ?? ???
«?i ?y a ae??, ???e ??th??e e o.ae. A??? ?e y?i – ????? ???? ????????
??c ???o ???i???? n?iy?? ?? ??a ?????e.

A ???o ? ????e ?????e ??y? n ????, ????th?i ??e ???? ????????, ??o
??????? e ?o??u?a. Ae??i ???? ?????ny «?y????ue ????? ? ??a?th y??ey
????????». Y??? ?????y ??o, ? i??th E.I. I????e, «????ny y????e i????a,
o.a. ?y??ey?, ??? ? y?i ????y ???, a ? ??a ?e ???, i ?i ??o ?a?? a
?a?th?o ??e? e o.i. I? ????i-?????e ???e ??????ey ??? ??????o c???? ????
e ??, ?i ???y?e n????o ?y ???ey a ?? ????o i??o: ?e ????? a ??iy?i e ?e
???oth?a ?? ???o y???? [15, c. 85] http://evartist.narod.ru/text/81.htm
– _ftn20. A????y ??????i y???? ??? ??o ????? a ?????e ??ue ?????a ? ???e
?a???ey. A?e a ??? ?????o ?????a, ? ?c?a ???y ???iyth?y ??e ??e.

A??e ?i ??????? ????u ??ea – ????? – ???i ? ??? ????-?????? ?y?e. A ??o
?????eyo ??? ??i ???? ???? ?????e ??e ? ?? ????ey ???u ????e e ??????a.

Auy?yy ????a ????-?????? ?y? ??o y??ey? ?e??o???? ?e ???oy ????? ?? ???,
??? ? ????y e o.i., ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ??e ??e. A ????n? ? ??, ?i
????o ????i ??e, E.I. I???? ??ey? ?e ?? ????? ??u. E ??? ?a ???o
?????oth ????oth ?a?. Ii y?? ????, ? ? ??eth, ????ath?y ???o?a ??? e
????e. «A ??? y?? ??a, – ??o ?a, – ??i ? ??? ???o???ue, ?i ??e – ???e
???????ee e ???e ???e, a ?y?? ??????th e ??? ????i ??oth ???, ?i e ???o
???o ????th??y, ??????????? [15, c.
31]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/81.htm – _ftn21.

O??e ?i ????e ????u – y????ay, ????y ??a ????ey ????? ????a – ???o ?
????a ???i ?????, ?e ?e ??? ? ??? ??yae ??o ????ny, ?i ??ue ??? ??i??e ?
???otho. E? ???tho ????e, «??? ?i ??????? ????u ???? ??? ?y ???? ????i
????a, a ??io e ??e ????????, ???y? a ?? y???u ???i e ???i ??a, a ??a
????i ??? ??. I???? ???? ?? i??ath?y ?e???e ???????th ??????? ???a,
????? ?i??e ????ey e ????e ???a. A ??????? ???? ??i ??tho ????y: ???y,
????y, ?????y, y????ay, ???a??ay ????ey. Ae???a ??e ???y?ny ??ue ????e
?e y???i, ????? e ??n??? ???uey n y????e ??? ???. Y? ???y ?? a????e ?
???? e ???? ???, ???a, ???a, ?e??e ? ???e e ??????» [11, c. 75]
http://evartist.narod.ru/text/81.htm – _ftn25.

I???y ????ue a ?????? ???i? ?? ????? ??th??ny a ?????n? ???? ?????
?????ue a ??? ??i??? ??????? y???u. *?? ???ue ??e ?????, ?????o ?????:
1) ??i ????ue ???e ?????ey; 2) ?????? ????a ???? ????ey ???/??o e ????
??? ?e?a; 3) i????ue, ??a ?y?e e ?????y ??o ?????? a ???; 4) ?i??? ??a?a
???u ?????ey ?????o ??i????o y???? e o.ae. A? y? ???? ???? ?????e a
????e, ??ae??? ???? ??o ????? ??y? o??a, a ??a ???????e ??????y.

O?? ???i, ??????y ????? n??????o y???? ???o a ??? ? ????o ???? ??????i
??????y ????a.

1.3. O??????a y???u ???: ???, ???, ????ay ???????

E? ????, ??e ???? ???e ?????, ????e ??????? ?????eyi. A???, ??? a ?ay
?/?a ??????? ??? a ?????e ????????, ??e ????ny ???? ????i?i ??????ey
????o???e ?y??.

E ??????? ????i ?????y, e? ???i, ??nyo ???, ??????oth ?o?ue, ???th
???????, ???, ???o, e o.ae. Eo «????? ???e – ????ue a ?? ?????? ?y?th?o
??e?a, ???yth?o ??o a ?e?a ??a. I????, ???y? ??????? ??????i-???????
????? ?????y, ??o ???a ?????e a ??? ????o y???, a ???? ????o ??iy?e
?????? ??, a ????a ???e ??u, a ?????o?a ??? ?????i y?? ???e e ?????? ??,
e o.ae. O? ?????ny «???? ????? ? ?? ??o ??????o ?iy??eyo. E?? y??,
???u?th?y ??? ?????e ?y y?????? a??ey?y ???e????e ????i. «I??? o??a????
???????e, – ?i??o A.A. O???, – ?????y ???i ???i a ?????? ????a??i
y????e?i ????, a ????? ???ey, ????y, ???y a y?????a ?????a, a ?i??n
y?????? ???y?y. I???a ?a???a a ??????a ?????ao ? ??? ????? ???ey n
???i???-??????? ?e??, ? ??? ????e ?????? ?y??? ? ????i ???uo e
????i-????? ?y?e, ? e ?i????? ??????? ??? a ?iaie ??????? ??????e.
I???yy ?????? ????? e ?i???? ??? ????ue ??????? ????u a ??e ???? ? ?????
???y?y, a ?oi?i y? ????u ????atho ??????? ???? e ?????? y????eee ??? [6,
c. 161]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/79.htm – _ftn14.

I??ae a ????o ?????eyo ???y?ny ? ??? a ???? ????y ?e ??????i ??. A?
«????? ???e ??ue ???. I??ae ??o ??????ny a ???? i???? ??a e ??a??e,
?c??? ????, ??y?e ??y???i ??????y, ?n???e ????i ???? ???i, ???? ???eyi
??????i ????ey e ??? ?????i ??iy?y ??y ?????ey, ???oe, ?e ??????? y???.
Oi?iu e ??? ??????y ????o ????e ? ??? ??nyo ? ?iy?o ??ae ae????? ??e e
??/.

A ???i ??? I??ay E?????a «??y?e ??? ?o ?????o ????o ????e, ? ??? ????e
??o ??o a ?????? ?? ?i???a ???a?a. A ??? ??? ??? ?????ny ?y ????e ????e.
«Ae?ue ???ny e ??? ????, ??ny ??ay ???a, ????e ???? ???, ? ??? ??ae ????
???e?e, a ???e ???e ??y? ??y?e ?o, e ???ny aai ??? ??? ???…; ???a ?i
?a??i ?????ny ????? a ???, ??c ?ae ????, ?? e iy?, e, ??ay? ? ???? a
???o ?? ??e, ???o ??ue, ???i ?, ? ????, ? ??/?? ???y?oth ???o: ? ?? ??a
a aa??? n ????, ?????o e ???o ?? ? ???i ???? eth? – ? ?????o…»
[16]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/79.htm – _ftn15. Ai ??? – ?y ????
??????i?o ????o ?????e: «N??ue ???? ? ?? ??i ?? ???, y io??? ?. N???ae
??. I?y? ??? ?? ???a ?? ? ????i ?a ???? ???, ? ??? ??o ????e ???e ?? ?
??? ??? ??? ??e. I???a – ? ??? ????? ??iy ??? ??o ??e ???, ???aey?e a
??o ??y, e ??a y? ???a a ??. E ?y? a ?? ? ???y?? a y?e ??a ??? – ????ay
A??ey». A ???i – ?y ??n???ey: «I??a, a ?????a ???a, I???a ???ny ???,
???i e ??????e ????. A ?? ?e ??a, ?e e ???a, ????ue ??, ? ??a ?n?y ??,
?? ??? ? ????e ?????? ?ey? ?? i ???y?? ??? a i?? ???. A ????i – ?y ???ey
??: «I??? – ? ?o?? N?????i, ?? ??o ????ay ???, ?th?yny ??? ??i?e a?. I?
??y? a ??e-? ??a, ????? a ??i-? a??a ??i???i ?yaey??y a ???i ???a ??,
???o ?i ? ???a, e, ? ???a ?e, ? ????a ? ??e i?o e ?????ue ??i ??o,
???ay? ??a ?ae ??????e ???e. Ai?? ? ???? ???? ??ath?y e nyi e ?i ??????
?????, a ????ue ???? ?ae ?a?i. C???? e ??? ? ?????, ?oy ?? ? ??i ??a ?a
??a, e a ??? ??a ???ay ??? ???. I??ae ??e ?????yth??. Y? e ae??a ?e???
????e, ???a ??? ???a ???e ?????th?y ? ??? ??yo ???, ??atho ? ??? ??????
?i ??????? ?????y, ? e ?y???? ??????y. N ???th ???a ??? ????e ??o?o
????? ??ei? ???, ?i ?????a ??u e ?????e, a ??a ????e ?o eth?e.

A ???o ???o ??? ????i:

1 ?y ?????n?? ?????y ??a ???ey;

2 ?y ????e ????e, ??u ???? ??e ??a ?i????y n ?e?ae?? ???y? ????ey eth?e,
n y?????? ????e e o.i.;

3 ?y ?????i ???ey ??yth??y ??? ?????y;

4 ?y ?????ey ????o y??? ???u e o.ae.

A ????? ??? ??? ??o ??e ?e ??aoth, ?e e ????th ????, ????y ??i ??a a
????. Aeey ???a ???? ??e I?? A???i «Ii ??eth ???», a ???i ??????ny ?
????e ???e?? ??i N???? e i ? ?????? ???? ? ??i A???? ? I?e??a ??c A????i
a O?????. Aa ????e a?a ????? O??. A ??? ????e ????a ?????y ????ue
????y?? ????: «O? ?y y????y ? ???? ??a ?ae???? ?a ?? e ?? a ??. Eth? ?e
? ????? ????o, ??iy?i ???ay? e ???. I?? ? ?e ?no??i ??, ?i ??o ?e????
???ue ? ??i. E ?? ????y, ? ??i e ??i ? ????
[17]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/79.htm – _ftn16. A ??oth?e ????e ????a
y? ????ue ?????y: «Ia ????e ?? y????y ??a ?ae ???e. I????ue ???i ??a e
?????? ???. E ?o ?o-? ???? /???, ??? ?????y ??? n ??, i?? ??eyo???. C??
?a ????th?y ???? ??????a ???????. A ?? o???i ????, ?????? ????o, ??i
N???a e ? ?????ay ???? ????? ???e ? ??o ?????a. E???????th ?y ??? ???eth
??e?o ???? ??c ???? ???e ???th?e ?e??: «O? ????, ?????o oth? ???? ??? ?
??o. A??a ? ?a ??iiu ?????? ??, ?? ??c ???a ?e ?????. Nay? n ???i ??i ?
??. O? ??? ??ae?e ??, ???? ?e ?aey?e ???, e ??? ??ue ?? ????… Ae?i ?i
e ???. I?? ????y ? 20 ????. AE?u?u, ??? ???o, ???e? ?o?ue. O?, ?iy??ue,
?e ?? ?eth ???. I? ???e e ??eth?i ? ??iy?? ??o ??. A ????y ???a ?? ????e
???e ????e ? ?? ?????ii? ???a ???? ??, ??? ??a e ???? ?????. N ???th
??a?o ?????o ??? ????o ???ue ???ue ????? ??iy?a ?ue????, i???ue ? ???
??o ??ae ??????ueth, ? e ??y?a. I?a??a e ???a a??? ????? ? ?????y
???o??i ??a, ???a, n ??e ???u, ????e?tho ?????e ?????i ???n?ey?y, a n
??? – ???? ??? ?????ey. «E??i a ??o ???o e ??????? ??o ???e n ??? ????
???? ???ue ?ay ??i?????e ????e ????ey, ????e ???? ???i ??a, ???e ?, ?e ?
?ae?ny, a ? ??a ?iy? ?a ??i ? ???. E ? ??i ????, ?i n i???e ??? ??cy,
?????ay ?? ??. A?u ? y? ????? ???o. Oe???a?y ???? ?a-? ???-???. A ??ue –
?? ???». Ii ????o? ? ???ue. «A? ? ??y, – ??o ???, – ??a ?????e, ??y ?
??i, ??y?i ??? ???e ? A????i, ? ???iy? ??a?y ????». A ?? ?? ???u, ??a ?
??? ??e ??e??. Ii ?e, ????y ? ?a ?????y, ?e ?e?a, ???yy a ?? ?iy??ey
y???, ??y?y e ???…

E???oy ????a ????e, ??? ?a??, ?-???, ???? e ??i ????? ??i ???ey (????e
?i), ?-???, ??? ?????a ????y ???? ?th ????ue ????y?? ????o?? ????;
a-???o, ???? ? ???a, ???y ? a????i ??y?y e ??ay ??ae?e; a-??a??, ????,
?e ?????a ?????? o?ae??? ???i eth?e e ????o ???eth; a-iy?o, ????????? ?
??? ?? ? ??, ? e ????a.

I??? ?????o ????o ????e a ????? ???o ??? ??th??a, ?i ???i. A?ue ????
????a a ???e ???e ????? ? ??????? ???u ??e ????, ? ????a ?i ????a, ? ??c
?i ???? ?????ae e o.ae. Iiy?? ????a ?i???u ?? e ?????tho a ??????, ? ???
???atho a ???? ??, ????e?th?? ??i ???ey. A???a ????o y??i?a a ????? ??e
????? ??? a ?o ??ayo, ??a ?c y?o ??????o ???a ??c??i ???? ???a? ????y??,
?i???ue a ?? ????n?? ?????y?y, ?y??ue ????a ???? e ???th?? ?? e o.ae. A
y?i n??a ??? ????ny ??????th?i y????.

A ????? ???o ??? ??aiy?ny:

1 a ???? ?????? ????y ??o ????? ??iy?? ??y e ???th?e ?i ????;

2 ?e ???? a ????e ??????i ????a;

3 a ???? ?? ?y ???? ??y;

4 ?e ??i a ????e ????????o ???e ??y e o.ae.

A ????? ???o ????a ????? ???ath?y ??? ??i. I????? y? ?i, ?i ia ??? ??i
??ue ?????y ????y ??ue. A???, ??? ??o ??????ny a ???? y????e, ?e, ????,
y? n??? a ???-??????e A????a Y???a «I?? a ??? ????. Y????y ??? ????ny n
????e ????e: «A???e ?????? ?? ?e ??? ?e ????, ? ???e ? n ?? ? n ??
???tho ???ue ???u, ????ny ???u e ?? ?a?e. I?y?i, ???e ????? ????? ???a a
n??? ??? O????, e y ??? ? ??? ? ?y. E?? a ??? ??e ?y??? ?? ???o ???,
I?y?i ????? ??y?y, a ??? ?????i ???u?? e ??????ny ??a??…»
[18]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/79.htm – _ftn17. A ??? ??? ??? ??o
???th ???th: n ??e ???u, ? ??i ????? ??i e ??y ??o?y, a n ??? – ????ny
?y ??????, ???th??ny ???e ? ??????ie, ?????? ????? ?y ??? ??. A ????
???????i ???? a ????? ????i ???? ???i ????a ??i??u ??o ???y?ny a ???o ?
y?????oth ??.

A ????? ???o ??? ??o ?n???:

1 a ???? ???????i ???? a ????? ?oe??? ???? ?i??;

2 ?y ?????y ????? ??e eth?e e o.ae.

O?? ???i, ??? a ????o ?????eyo ?e?iy?ny ? ??? a ???? ????y e? ??????i
??. A? «????? ???e ??ue ???. I??ae i?? ????a??y a ???? ????e ????e
??a?e, ????? ????i ???? ???i, ???? ???eyi ????i?? ????ey e ??? ?????i
??iy?y ??y ?????ey, ???oe, ?e ??????? y???. O?? e ??? ??e???ey ????o
????e ? ??? ??nyo ? ?iy?o i?? ?????? ??e e ??/, a ??a ? ?? ???.

Ae??ue a ????i ?????? y?y?ny ??i ? ???a ?????i?e ????e. I????? ??? ????e
??? ??i ???? ??e??? ??u ????e ????, ?i ??, ??? ????y e o.ae.; ???i e ??i
???ue ?????, ??i ???ey, ??e-?? ???o, ???oe, ??a y???. E???, y? ???o ?
????a ??? ??th?????e. E???e ????, ???e A??ue, ????ny ??, «??u ?y ? ???,
???y ????? ? ??, ??e?? ? ??? a ??a ??» [?o. ?: 7, c.
36]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/79.htm – _ftn18. E??i n ??th ?????y ??o
«???? ??? ???? e ????? ??o c???a ???, ?? ??ny?y ???? ??????? ???, ???a a
????? ??o ?? ?????? a ???. I????? y?? ??? ??i ???? ??a ?????? ????u,
??eay ??? e ???yth?a ?? ?? ???i??. E ???? i????i ??? ??i ???e ?
???????th ???ue e ??????. «E????a ??? ????tho ??ue ? a ?????o, a a
????a??o ?iy??eyo, – ???? A.A. E???. – I????, ??ue ?? ????? ??? ??th??y
??? ??a ??aeyo ?? ??i a ???, ??a ? ?y?a?o ?? ????y. I???a ????o ??? ??e,
?????? ?? eth?e n ???th ????? ???e ??ny ?y ????y ? ?????i ????ey, ??iy?y
????, ?y ?y??ey ????? e ??????y ???. E????y ??? ?????? ??????e ????, ???
??c ?y???, ???». E ??a: «AE??e ??e ??oo ??a, ??a ???? a eth?i ? ?o ???,
???o e ????? ?????th, ?????oth ?????ue ??, ??a, ???, ??, ???, ?? ?? e
o.ae. I???ay ??? ???? ??? ????? ???o, ???? ???????? ?????ey, ??????? ??
[7, c. 35-36]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/79.htm – _ftn19.

Ae??ue ??? ??a y????? ????i ????e ????o ??c?. Ii ??eth A.A. O???e, «?c
????y e ?????e, ???o??e, ??????e, e???????e y???? ??y ???e ???ey
??????i-????i ??????y ???? ia ???? [6, c.
172]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/79.htm – _ftn20. *?? ??? ?iy? a ??????
?n??? ??i, ??a «eeth???, ??????? ???eth ?????i?? ???, ??????? ??? e
??????i-y?????? ???a?th ??o?????e, ????o ??? ???? ????? ???? ?????y ???.
A.A. O??? ???? ??i?? y??a ??? ?ae ???th.

I??e y?i – ????? ???e ?o?e ? ??ey ?????e, ???th?o ???e?a a ???? ??a
????a. E? ??o ?????ue ?i?e ???n? Ia ?o ??yae, ??? ???o ? ??????y ?o ?e
?? ???a ??a ?????, ??? a ??? ????o ??? ???ey?ny ???????i ???? ?????ey e,
???i, ??????e ???? ???????? ??? [19, c.
28-35]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/79.htm – _ftn21. AE????, ???eyy? ?
???a, ??? ??i ????ey? ia ??? ?, ??? ?? ????eth ?o ????? ???ue, ? e ? ??a
??i? ???a ???? ??? ????. O?? ???i, ????? ??????o ???e ? ??ey ?????e
?????? ? ?e?i ?????oth ????, ? e ??? ????e ? n ???? ?????ey.

A??e y?i ?y?i n ???i ???e ???, ????e ??ue ?????e ? o??i ?????, ? e
??????? ???oe? ???a??y, – ???eyth?e ??? ??????i-????i ???y a ??a???a e
?e??????th ????e ???e ??? [6, c.
172-173]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/79.htm – _ftn22. O??u ???? y??
i??a ??????i-??????o ???e ?y ??e?????o ??????.

I??u ?????y ???e a ??? i?? ?? ??? ???????. A ??o ??ayo ??? ????th?y ?y
???? ????e ?o ?e ?? ???e, a ??? – ?y ???ey ??????? ???, a o??? – ?y
??????o nay?e, a ????o – ?y ???? ?????? a??? e ????? ?????? ?iy???. A?
?e ??c ???th ???-??c n ya??? ????th?y a ??? E. E??? ??e?? y??? ? ??e
??ae?? A. I??o??: «I??? ??e ?a ???? ? ???a, ????ue ? ??a a ???/? ???i
??, e ??a ?? ?ae ?e ??????, ? ?? ?ioy??? ?? n ?iy?i y???, e ?e-? ??n
???i ????: ????ue, ????a? A? ?? y???. ss ?i ??i ???, n ?? – ?i ???”. A
?o?i ??a ?o ? ??a n y???e ??????ny ????: «A a ??? ?c, ??i, a A????a, ??
A?? e ??o ??e ? ?i? I??e, ?? a ???, ??th. O??e ??? ?????o. N??th ? ????,
? ???i ???i ?? – ??y-? ???a ? ni?a ?? ? ?a. I???o. E ??a ? ??o ???y ????
y??e – ??i ??tho n ??. I???th ??? e ?? ???? ??a. E y? ???a ?y?a, e ??o
y??, e ???a??a ???ath??y ??u ????i ?a ?????? ???? ????i ??ouey!»
[20]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/79.htm – _ftn23. I???? a ????? y?o ??
???a???o y???a ?o?ue n y???e, ??? ??a ???? ??o?? ???e ???????e ????? ???
?n?ey?a ?? ??e ???e. E???? e ??a i???e ??? ???. I? «????? ? ? ????????
????o ?????e, a ? ?n??? ????u. I?e y?i a ??i ??? ????o, ???ay ??oth ???,
????? i ??? n y???e ? ???? ??, a a ??? – ??i?o ?y?th ?? ???e.

Ae??ue-??? ????? a ??i ??? A. O??i. «I???? ?o?e ??e A???? ????eny ? ???.
Ca ?i – ????a ???a ??. Ai ??a aeth?? ?????? ?i??a-????, ?? ?y?o ???e,
??a ??? ??u e ????i ??iya a ???o. N???, ???i?y ??i a ??ue ????y ??, –
??? ?????a ??? ???» [21]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/79.htm – _ftn24.
*? ??????a ???iyy ???? I??y? a ??a ??????? ??????, ?a ???? ??e
??e?i??ueth e ??????ueth. N??? ?ea ??? ???? ???y (???y ????!), a ??? –
?????? ??? ???. E???ue ?, ??? ??? ????e ??o ? ??? ??y, ? a ?i ???? ???ay
?y ?????i ???? ????y ??e?.

A ???o ????th?y ? ??? ??????, ? e ??????? ???. E ? e ???, ? ??eth A.A.
E???a, «???ytho ????i ?ae?a ??, ?oy, ? ??? ??yae, ???? ???? ?????a i
??i??i?e ??????? ???. I???o, ??e??? ???e ??? ??? ???a??i. E ??????ay
???, ?? ? ?? ??n??yth?y ?? ????, ?????o a ????a ????ue, ??????ue e ???th
?????» [7, c. 36]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/79.htm – _ftn25. E?? y??,
??????? ??? ??o ????i i????? ???ey e ???y?th ???e ???, ?e ? ???ue ??e
?i, ? ???? e ????o ????a ?????a ? ??u??? ????a ????????. E??i ?y?? ??cy
???ue ???ey ?no????? ???e. E? ???? A.A. A???a, «a ???? ?? o ????a ?oue
????i ???a: ???a e ???????, ???? e ???????, ?y?a e ????a. A ???, ?? ???
?ye ?? ia ???a, ? ????, a ???????, e?aa?? ???, ?e ???y?y ????e, ???? a
??????? ???, ??? ?i ? ?o ??????i ???? ???ey». I? y?i ? ??????, ?i ??cy
??? ??? ????i ???? n o??????? ??ey? a ????, ??? ?e ??ea. «Ae??ue ???
???? e ??? ?i ?????y a ??????? ??????e – y? ?c?a ??, ?oy ?e e ????y??,
???, ??? ???? ???eytho ??? ???????i ???, ?e ?e ??? ???? ? ? ??a ????th?o
a ??? [2, c. 53]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/79.htm – _ftn26.

?????i, ?e ????th?y ????a ??? a ??? Ae??ey A?ia??? «I???/, ?????».
I?????? ????ny n ???ey ????a, ???o ? ????? ??a ??-iy? I??u A. O???. N??
?c??? ???y??o ???????e ????o ???e ??a?a ? ?ay? ????o ???? ????e. «I?
?????ue ?? ? ??? ????? ????, ???yo ?? ??? a ??o e ?y?? ??o ??e ??? ????
???e. I?? ???a? ??a ??? ??, ????y ? a eth?i ??????. E???ue ?, ?????
??????ay ???. I?i ? e?ay ?????y ???a ??o ? ??a o ?????i ????a? O? ? ??a
??? ?c????? ????? ??????a, ??????ue ??? ? y?e ???: «Iia ???-? ???y, ?i a
y?i ?? ??y-? ????a. ss ???? ???oth a ????i-??????? ?????a ???? ? 1997 a?
??o ?????? ????ey ????? i??a ??????? ???: a ??e???? I?e? ?ay? ??????
????. Ia ??a ???e ???e ??y? ???/?a ? ?????iy??? e ?????????ue. I?y?????
n ???? O??? ?e??? ??? ??y??i ??? – ???? ???????. Ae?y? ??? ????e ???e o
?????a ??? ?i???th ????eth. E?? y?? ??? ??? ???? e a ???a: «I? ??i? » –
«Aea y? ?a ?i-? ? E?ay ???… E? ????… – O??a ????i ??y? ? ? ???? ?ath
???????, ??i ?????i ??a. – A? ?e i??n?th ???e… Ai-???, ???atho ?e ???e
??, ?-???, ? ?-???o ??i ????? e ??a ??i-? ??i ?????y…».

N??th?a ???, ???a ????th?y a ???, ?????tho ????ue O???: «Ia ???i ???
O??? ??i?????e ?e-? a ????e ??a. A?i ??i ???i. E?-? ????? ??? ?o ??? e
???o. I?? a ??? ??? e e ?? ???ue: ???y ??a ??a ?? ?? O???, ?e ??a –
E???. Oa?? ???ny. ?, – ???o, – ?ath, ?y ?? y? ???ny”. – ?ey ???” –
?????? ???ue, ?i y ??, ??????… *???, ??yae ???? oy?e, ?e ???…”. A ?a
???y, ?i ? ???? ???ny. O O??? ?????ii-?????? ?? ?????: A? ????y?! E?o
??? ?aeia? I?y ? ?a??ue ??? ???! Aea??a ????ny! Ae?a ??? ??!»
[5]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/79.htm – _ftn27.

C??, ?e e a ???o?i ????a, ???y ??? («????y ???) ????y a ??????e ?y?a n
?o?? ??ey? («??a ?n???? iy?», «??yae oy?e, ?e ???»). N ???th y?o ???e
??? ???ue ???ue ???? ??u ????? ?????.

O?? ???i, ?????ue ??? ???e?a n ???th ?y??, n ??e ???u, n ????? ???i ????
?????o ???e, a n ?o?e – n ?e???i ? ?????y a ???. A? y? ???y? ???ue
?e???? ???a ??c?????, ?????? e ?????.

I????a ???????. Ii ??eth A.E. O?y?, «???? a ??e???a ???oth ????o a ????
??????i ???a ??e?? ??y. Ii ?? ?????ue ??y?i, ??i ???ue ??y e a y?i ??a ?
???e?? ?????? ?????a. Ae??y ?i ???y – ??? ??c ????a ??o-? ???o ???e
??y?? a ?? ?? ????, a ie? ?i y??e e ???» [8 c. 44].
http://evartist.narod.ru/text/79.htm – _ftn28I????y ??????? ??y?th
?y???ny n ???????? ?i???oy? ?/??e. Ae??????, ????ue ????, ?i ??? ?a??ny,
????a ??, ????yoeey, ??? e o.i. ??o ?e ???a??i ??y? ??? ???ue i ????.
I???a ?????, ???a ??uy?y?ny e eth?e ????? ????e??a – y? ??i????y ????
?????y. A ??? ??? ???? ? ??o ??a ?i-? ???? a ????a ????e ????, ii ? ??o
?????ny e ? ??? o??a??i. E??i ????a ???? ?????e?a e ???????i ????y e
???o ?????e ????e ??c.

A ????? ???????o ????? a??? ????tho ??e??y ?????e ?????. I????, ?y??, e
??? ???i????o ?? ????y ?o ?e ?? ???e: ????e, ????e, ???e ?e ?e???e, ?e
??o ?????, ?e ? ?e ?? ???? ?iyaeyth?y a ??? e ????e ????. Eia?i y?i ???i
????ny A???? A???a, ??y? ???ue y?? ???????? ???? A?a?y I????. Ii ?i
??eth, ??? ??ue?-???? – ???? ????e. *? y? ????? I???yth?i ?y ?????
y?y?ny ????a ?? ???a. I??a – ?????y: ?????? ??? ?ay, ????? ? ???th?o,
????? ?????? n?y e ????o a ???????, ?????i?i ??a. A??a – ??ay y?????ay
??????: ?i????, ????????, ????n? ?????e. E??y ? ??? i????, ??? ????o
?i?i ??y. «I??a. A?e ? ??o ?e ??, ???? ?a?a ????? (? ??th??? ???, ?
?????ue ???th ?????? y??o).

I??a. O??i ?aey A??? I????/ ???y? ?????ny: ????ny ? ??? ??? ?e, ????,
????y ? ??, ????? ? ??.

Io ????? ?????? ???ue ?????e ????y?e, ??i???y ??????o ????. Ii ???????ue
??? ?????i ???.

I??a. I???a ?????a ????a ?? – ???????-??y???, ???th?a ???th ?????ue.
I????y ? y?e «??? ??th??ny a ?? ???? ????o: ????ue, ??a e ??? – ??? ec
y?o ????a ? ???y? ???? a ?????e ????y ?????othu? y?????? ?????e…»
[22]http://evartist.narod.ru/text/79.htm – _ftn29.

A? ?e, ??aey ? ??????o ???????o ??????e, ?n??a?ny ???o ????. A ???? ???
????th?y ??a ????a ????? ???. I? ?????, ??a ????? ??i ?ae???? ??a-??
???????a ??iy?a ??y, ?i ????a ??u e ????? ???e, ???oe, ??? ????y e ????y
n eth??.

O??????a ???? ?????y ????? ? ??? ?y ????e ??i? ??u, ? e ?????i ??iy?y
????. A ?????e ?a????a, ?e ? ??e?y ??a, ???ath?y ???????a ??? a ???
????i ?? ????.

2. AEAAA. y???A e ??????? ?????E ??a ???

Ae??y ??a ??y?? ?a?? ?? ???, ???a ??? ??ny?y e «????? ?e «??????»
??????, ?????y ?i ??i ? ??? ????. I?y?y?ny ?, ??? ??i, a ?a???e
???a????e e y??, ??????? ?????, y?????? ???i?noe ???a, ???a ????? ????y
????????. A ?? y?? ???ey ????a ????y ??? a ??????i-???????? ??a ????y
???? ???e ???ueth ?e ?????e e ????i ??????? ?????. A ??? ??a eae? ????e
??? y???o e ??????? ?????? ??a «??? (?? ?/e, ??e????a ???, ???????
?????e ?????e), ? ???a ?????i ??ea I. I??a?e «N??? ?e ?????». Ae??e
????e ??ue ???? ? n??iy?? ?? e ?i ????a ???a ?y ???????? ?ith ??a.

2.1. O?u ??

A ??i ??? ??? ????? ?ae ?i, ?i ???y ???ue a ???e ???. A ??? ??? ???
????? ?????y ??a ???a. Y? n???a ??a ??.

Aa?? ????? ?????a, ??n ???? ??i ???? a 6 ?????e, ?i ????? ????y e
??i??ue ???? ?????, ??o e ??, ?i ???ue ???y a ???e ???. A???? ? ??i a
????, ????th?o ????? ???iey ?eae?, a ?????yo 10: «I??i?, ???ey? ?c ??a
????ue e ??u?? ????, ??ny ?e y?i ?y?e ?c «??» ?? a ????a ?????, 11: «Eee
? iy? ??? ????ue ???? ???e e ????a (? ????a ??e???ny ??? ?e n ???o ??ny
???e i ??o)», 12: «I??i ???? ????i ?e ???? ? ???», 13: «*?? ? ?????
?a?a, ?????e ????? ??? ?????e ??? ??iy? («??? ?ny»)», 14: ««????? ??e
«??????? ???? aa?? ?a???: «?????? ????a ????i ??a ???????i ???? n ???
??e?????i ????i e ???i ????????? ?????, ?e ???i ? ????i ??th???.
C?eth??a, ? ???? ???o, ?i ??? «????u» ? ????, a ???? ? ??ue ??i,
??th??ny a ?????yo 19, 20, 21, 22: «A?e ? y?o ??? ???ny ????i, ??i ?? ?,
?????? ?????th ??i????, a ??a ??i?e, ?????i ?e ????? ?????o?i ??i??a, o?
? ??a ????? ???y? ??e. Aea?????i, ???? (? ???e ?? ???a????a) ????; ??y
??? – ?e eth?e ?????e ???, a eth?e ??? – ? ?????? ? ?iya??e ???y i?? ???
? ????e.… I??i ??o ?ae??o ???a (?? ?o, ?i ????th?y a ??o) – ??e. O??, i
???o ?atho ??? ?? ???u e ? ???? – ? ??i ?c ???»

O? ?e a ??? ????ny i ?i??a «????? a ??e, a ?i ????e ?????????, a ? ???
?? ?????y ??y?e ?i???y ???ey, ??e?a nth??, ? ??i ???ue ??ae, ?i e ?i ??
??????a ?? ?????? a ??? ????? ???. C?y?o ?en?ey ? ??i a 9 ?????e («A
???e ???? ??e ? 7527, ??i???? a oe??a I?a, «??» ???ey? ???o ??? – «???
?e?? ?? ????, ???? ??? e ????, ?????? ?i????i ??????o «?????» ?y
??????), ??a a ??i????? ????????? ?? ???? ???ey. A 14 ?????e («????? ??e
«??????? ???» ??? ????e: «?????? ????a ????i ??a ?a?????? ???? n ???
??e?????i ?e??? e ???i ????????? ?????, ?e ???i ? ????i ??th???) ?????y
??????y, e a 16 ?????e («A ??a ??? «??? ????») ??y?a ???y. A?a????y e
???????y ?? ???i ??????y ??th??ny, ??? ??i, a i?eyae?i ??????e ???ey,
???ey eth?e e ya??e ai ???e e ?i??i??. Ii???o a ??? ????? ??? ????ny i
???yo, ??oth ?? ??ue ?????o ???? ???? ??? ????ai ?a??: «???ey?», «????»,
«??????», «????», «??????, «????». I?, i?c??y ???????i ??yth?a ?? ??a
???y, ???tho ??? ?????a? ??????a

2.2 ss???a ???? ???????e

O? ?e ??? ??o ??y?i ????e ??, ? ??ue ?????y ???a, ?????y ?y ????e ??u:
«?????, «???ay ???, «??», «??», «?????», «??? ?ny», «??», «??i????»,
«?????, «?e??». A????y ?i ??? ????? ?i ?ith ???????ue a ?i??a ?????
????e a ??e, e o ???ey ?yaey?ny ??? ?a?ey e ??? ?????. I???ue ???i?e
??e, ? ???ay? a ?e ??a ?y????e, ???y a ?i ????a?ny, ??c??i.

Aeey ??a ???i y??????i ????y ???? «????? a ??e, ??? ????? ??eth: «?????
??e «?n?????e ???»?, «??????ue ???o??i ??????o «?????» ?y ?????a». N??
«a??????y ???» e «????ey», ??? ?a?o a ???e, ?i ???y? ????e ???, ???ue,
?????i??? ??e ?????ey. N??????, ?ae ????? «??????ay ???», ???? ???? –
???????, ???a ????e ??????a ? ????th e ???i ????; a ??i «????ey», ????
????y, ???a ???? ???ue ????-?????i.

E?????ea ???? a ?????e 3 «A????? ? ??y «??iy?? ???? ?e ????? ????i ????
???? a ????», ???????y? ?iy?y «c???? ???? ????» e «???», ?i ????o ?????a
e ???o ??? ?a???oth ??o.

Aeey ??, ??u ???? ????? ????? ????e a ??e, ? ?e ?e ??o ??iy? ??ue ????
????, ?o? ????? ?????a ????? ??th??y: «??????a ????a ????i ??a ???????i
???? n ??? ???????? ????i e ???i ??i??????i ?????», ?i ???o ??? ?????e e
????e ?i, e ?e ? ????tho ???eyi ???????ue ??? a ??? ????.

O??a ??i ???ey: «A ???e ???? ??e ? 7527, ???i??ie a ??? I??», ??? ??e
?????a, ?e ? ??? ??i????? ??? y? ???e ???e, ?e ?????i ???, ?e e ??i
????????i ??y a ??i.

Aeey ???ey ???????e ??, ?y ???ey ??? ?????e ??? ????ao ????a ????
???????e, ?a???y ???i ??o ????ny ????? e ?????. A????y ????, n ?????i?i
y?????i-????e ???e: «????e, ?a???? ?e ????? ????????, I???a ???? ?i
???a? ???i?e, ???????e ????? e ??a?i, ???y ??o a ?????e ??e. A??, ?y ??,
??u ???? ?????a, ??i??ia ??iy?a ???o ??? ????? ????: «??????y», «?????»,
«??????».

I?????ea «?????o ? ??y», «???y? ???, ??????? a ????i? 3 e 19, ????ey?
??th, ?? ? ??????? ??? ????.

I??? ??a «eth?? a 20 ?????e («Ae??????, ???? (? ???e ?? ??n?????a) ????;
??y ??? – ?e eth?e ?????e ???, a eth?e ???a – ? ?????? ? ?iy??? ???y ??o
??? ? ????e.?), ??? ??ue ??? ????a. I???a ?? ???eth ?iy?, ?i ???? «?????
a ??e ?? ? ??? a ??e ???, a n ?e ??i ?????y ??a. Y? ???? ? ??? ???e.
Aeey ?? ??u y?e ??? ?e ??????a, ??? ????? ??e??? ?y ?????i ??? ??-
????a. A ??? ?a ?????y ??i «?? ??a ????ue e ?????», «?a iy? ??? ??i???,
«I??i ??o ???? ???a (?? ?o, ?i ???ath?y a ??o) – ??e. O?eo, i ???o ?atho
??? ?? ???u e ? ???? – ? ??i ?c ??o?. I?????ey ??? ???, ??eytho ??oth
?i??o, ???? ????u a ??e.

A?????ay e ???????y ?? ???i ??n???ey ??th??ny, ??? ??i, a ??y?? ??????e
???ey, ???ey eth?e e y??? ? ???e e ??????. Ii??ue? a ??? ????? ???
????ny i ???yo, ??oth ?? ??ue ?????o ???? ???? ??? ????? ???e: «???ey?»,
«????», «??????», «??a??, «??????, «????». I?, ????y ???i???? ??yth?a ??
??a ???y, ???tho ??? ??????ue ????aa?a.

2.3 N????

I????e ??e I. I??a?e ????ny n ???a ?????? ????, ???a ? ??otho ???, ?e ?e
??o ??e ? ?o ?????, e ??? ??????? ?????e: «I??o? A????? ? ??y «??iy??
???? ?e i????o ????i ???? ???? a ???? E?? ??? ?? ??y, ??u ????a «???ay
??? e «?y??? ??» ? ????e?? n ???e, a ??????ue ???ue ia ???? ??e?», y?
??iey? ????ue e ?????? ???ue ??oi?th a ?i, ?i ??? ???y a ??e??e ??e ???,
e ??i ?e-? ??? y? ???u, ??e ???.

E?????? ?????y n ?????– ????i ?????i ?????ey («Ae??????, ???? (? ???e
??, ????????) ????; ??y ??? – ?e eth?e ?????e ???, a eth?e ??? – ?
?????? ? ?iy??? ???y ??o ??? ? ??a??.?), ?????y? ??i??? ???eth ????ny,
?e ??? ?????? ?ae y?i ??????. E ?a ??i ??? ????ea??y ? ?i, ?i ??? ??th
????, ?e «????? a ??e ??ue ???y ???, ? ??? a ??e ???, ? e ? ?? ??.

O? ?e ??? ??o, ???i ??i ?? – ??????, ? ??ue ?????y ???a ????? ?????e n
???? ?i???ey? (11,13,20,21) ???? ????e ??a ?iy? ?ath ???, ???th ? ??o ?
?o ?i??. Y? ?e ? ???a ????? ????????o ?????e: «E?? ??? ?? a?ey, ??u
????a «???ay ??? e «?y??? ??» ? ????e?? n ???e, a ??????ue ???ue ? ????
??e?», «Oa ? ?????o, ?i ?e a ??iy?e ?i???ue ???, ????? ? a ??? ??yo.»,
«A?e ? y?o ?o?e ?a??y ????i, ??i ?? ?, ?c????ue ?????th ??i??a?o, a ??a
????, ?????i ?e ????ui ?????o?i ??i??a, ?i ? ??a ????? ???y? ???, «O??,
i ???o ?atho ??? ?? ???u e ? ???? – ? ??i ?c ???». Ae???? ?????e
10,11,12,13: «I????, ???ey? a? ??a io???ue e ????ue ????, ??ny ?e y?i
?y?e ?c «??» ?? a ????a ????a. E? ? iy? ??? ????ue ???? ???e e ????a (?
?i?a?a ??????y ??? ?e n ???o ??ny ???e i ??o). I??i ???ee ????i ?e ????
? ???. *?? ? ????? ???, ?????e ????? ??? ?????e ??? ??iy? («??? ?ny»)»,
??tho ?? ??? ??u??, ?????a, ????a e ???/?a, ?e ? ???? ???o?? ?????e e??
?????th?y ?????.

I????a ??e e ?e ? ?????n?e ?????e a ??? ?????e – ???a, a ?e ? ?????
????? ?y?i ?iy?o ?????e – ?????i ??e??? («I??i ??o ???? ???a (?? ?o, ?i
???ath?y a ??o) – ??e. O??, i ???o ?atho ??? ?ie ???u e ? ???? – ? ??i
?c ???»), ??atho ??th????? ??? ?????i ??? ??????ue e ?????i??.

A???a ??? a ??? «N??? ?e ?????» ??????i ? ????, ???oth?a ?? ???ny a ??,
?e e? ?i ? ??i ?y I. I????. A ??? ??? ?????th?y ???ey e ??????th?a ?i
????ey ??iy????, ?i e ??????o ???a a ??? ???o? ??????i – ??? ?????e
(«I????, ???ey? ?c ??a ????ue e ????ue ????, ??ny ?e y?i ?y?e ?c «??» ??
a ????a ?e???. I??i ???? ????i ?e ???ae ? ???. *?? ? ????? ???, ?????e
????? ??? ?????e ???o ??iy? («??? ?ny»).

C?eth??a

I??? ????o, ?????? ????o ?ay a ????o ??i?o ???. AE?? – y? ?????? ????ay
???o?i-?????ue?y ?????y ???, ??????y ?????? ????? ???e????e e ?????
????y e ?e ??? [9, c. 138]. E ??? ??????? ?????? ???y ??y? ????: ???o;
???ueth; ????ue ????. E ??? ??????e ?????? ??ny?y: ????ay ??uey a ???,
?ia??? ????, ???????y, ???, ?????e, ?i??? a ???, ? ??i e OA. E ???
??????? ?a????e ??ny?y: ????a, ??e, y?a, ???? e ??? ?????? ??u.

I?? — ?????? ??, ??????i ????i e???i y?y?ny ??????? ???? ? ?????? ????o
y??? ??o?????e, ?????o ???i a ? ?????. A ??? ??? ?e ???i ??o ????????
???? ???i ??? ???a.

I???e ???e ??? — ???a n ?o?u. A ??? ?????? ??? ????y ????y ??i ????y
?????o ???i ??e??? ?? ????a ??e?? y???; ????? ??????ny ??ue ?e ??? ???a,
????, ??ath??y ? ??th??y y?o ya??e. A ??? ???e ??? ?????i ???th ??, ?i a
??? ???. O???ey a ??? ?????y, ??? ??? ???? y???, ???i ???? ???? ?y y??ey
??.

Ec ??????i ? ?????? ????a ??? ???? e ??i????a ?i i????a. A ??? ??o ???
???o??? nth?o ?e ? ? ?y?i ??? ????. A?? ??? ??i ????o ? ??? ??e?????i
y??ey ?e ?i ???u e ???o, ?? a ??e ??a ???y ? ?????ue. Ia ?y???
??????ueth ??y?i, a ????e ??a ????? ???? ???ey, ??? ??? ??, ?i ??? ???
???, ?????y a ?ae ?????o ???e ? ???i ??. Y? ?? ????o ?????ue ??a ?i???
?????e ????a, ?????ue ???a??? ??????e, a???e e ?.

A ??? ???i ???a ????, ?i ???? a ????, ?atho ???????? ?????y, ???a ????y,
??? ?? ??????? ????.

ss?e ??? a ???e ??, ?i yc? eth?? ???i ??????i ??a, ?eth?? y???u y??
????????i e ????.

*?? ??? ?e ??a ? ??th?y ??iy??e. A ??? ?????? ???u e o ??? ???a ???atho
e ???ath?y ? ?? ??e??? ???u ??a, ? ???; ?iy?ny ?? ????a ??? ??e ???
??ia. I?? ?????y a ???e ????? a ??a ???a?c?a y??. Ii a ?????? ??y ??e
???? ???? ??? ??a?a, ???ay? ia ???? ?? ?????? ??e. Y? ???, ??? ??i, a
??? ?????ey ????th??y ??nii ??e ???o??e ????e, ??a ???ay ???y ??na ???o
????a???? ??a???? a ??a ????a ???y. Oa ? ??iy???? ?????atho ??th??y ????
??? e o ??? ??????y, ? ??? ???o? ???e ???ea??i ??ae ??????ueth ?-???
???? ??.

ss?yy? ??i ? ??? ????? e ??????, ??e ??? ???e ????ie — ???i ?????o y???,
????? ????e ???e eth?e — ??? ??/o ???ey ??y ????.

Ni?? ?????

1. A??? M. A.-O. AE?a.// N??. ?/.: A 30 o. – I., 1953. O. 30. N. 145.

2. A??? A.A. N????? ???? ??e. – I??, 1972.

3. O?? A?????i. – I., 1976.

4. AE??? A.E. O??y e i???a ??????i-???????? ae??a. – I., 1969.

5. A?????ay O.A. I??? ??????: ??e a ???. – I., 1983.

6. O??? A.A. O????a ????? ??????. – I., 1976.

7. E??? A.A. Iiy?? ???: O?a.-??ae, ???a e ????o «I???u ????? ???». – I.,
1977.

8. O?y? A.E. I?????a e ??????ay ?????: ?????i-????ay ????ey: A???. ??.
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