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Средства массовой информации, как орудие политической борьбы в современной России, на примере выборов

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IAIO OIAe ei. A.I.Aoaeaeia

Oaia:

«N?aaenoaa ianniaie eioi?iaoeee, eae i?oaeea iieeoe/aneie ai?ueau a
nia?aiaiiie ?innee, ia i?eia?a auai?ia».

Auiieiee: Iaaeia Aeieo?ee (10 e/o eeann)

I?iaa?ee (a): o/eoaeue i?aaa,

Iaiaieia Iaoaeuey Aeaaeeie?iaia.

Ano?aoaiue 2008

Aaaaeaiea.

Anee n?aaenoaaie i?iaeo?iaeenoneie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aeiouanoaaiii auee
onoiua e ienueiaiiua oi?iu niiauaiey, oi nianoaaiii aeo?iaeenoeea i?yii
naycaia n eniieueciaaieai ?acaeouo oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa eiiioieeaoeee —
i?annu (n?aaenoa ?ani?ino?aiaiey eioi?iaoeee n iiiiuueth ia/aoiiai
aini?iecaaaeaiey oaenoa e ecia?aaeaiey), ?aaeei (ia?aaea/e caoeiaie
eioi?iaoeee n iiiiuueth yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo aiei) e oaeaaeaeaiey (ia?aaea/e
caoeiaie e aeaeaieioi?iaoeee oaeaea n iiiiuueth yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo aiei;
aeey ?aaeei e oaeaaeaeaiey iaycaoaeueii eniieueciaaiea niioaaonoaothuaai
i?eaiieea).

Aeaaiaea?y eniieueciaaieth yoeo eiiioieeaoeeiiiuo n?aaenoa aicieeee o?e
iiaenenoaiu aeo?iaeenoeee: ia/aoue, ?aaeei e oaeaaeaeaiea, eaaeaeay ec
eioi?uo ninoieo ec ia?iiiiai /enea eaiaeia — ioaeaeueiuo aacao,
aeo?iaeia, aeueiaiaoia, eieaeiie i?iaeoeoeee, i?ia?aii ?aaeei e
oaeaaeaeaiey, niiniaiuo ?ani?ino?aiyoueny eae ii anaio ie?o, oae e a
iaaieueoeo ?aaeiiao (iaeanoyo, ?aeiiao, ie?oaao). Eaaeaeay ioaeaeueiay
iiaenenoaia auiieiyao naith aeieth ooieoeee aeo?iaeenoeee ia iniiaa
eniieueciaaiey naieo niaoeeoe/aneeo iniaaiiinoae, i?iyaeythueony
i?aaeaea anaai a niiniaao oeenaoeee e ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee.

***

N?aaenoaa ianniaie eioi?iaoeee (NIE) yaeythony iaeiei ec aaaeiaeoeo
einoeoooia nia?aiaiiiai iauanoaa. Iie auiieiytho iiiaiia?aciua ooieoeee:
eioi?ie?otho, i?inaauatho, ?aeeaie?otho, ?acaeaeatho. I/aaeaeii, /oi iie
ea?atho aaaeioth ?ieue a oi?ie?iaaiee, ooieoeeiie?iaaiee e yaiethoeee
iauanoaaiiiai niciaiey a oeaeii. Aieaa oiai, aini?eyoea e eioa?i?aoaoeey
aaaeiaeoeo yaeaiee e niauoee, i?ienoiaeyueo a no?aia e a ie?a a oeaeii,
inouanoaeythony /a?ac e n iiiiuueth NIE.

Yoe ianoiyoaeuenoaa i?eia?aoatho iniaoth aeooaeueiinoue e cia/aiea ia
oiia ana aieaa ?anoouaai i?iieeiiaaiey. NIE a iieeoe/aneoth noa?o, eo
i?aa?auaiey a iaeei ec aaaeiaeoeo eino?oiaioia ?aaeecaoeee iieeoe/aneiai
i?ioeanna. Ciaiaiaoaeueii, /oi a nia?aiaiiie iieeoieiaee NIE
oa?aeoa?ecotho oaeeie iuoiuie oeooeaie, eae «aaeeeee a?aeo?», «/aoaa?oay
aaoaue aeanoe» ia?yaeo n caeiiiaeaoaeueiie, eniieieoaeueiie e noaeaaiie
e o. ae. Aa?a ai anaiiaouanoai oaeaaeaeaiey ianoieueei aaeeea, /oi eiua
iieeoe/aneea aeayoaee n/eoatho: oio, eoi eiio?iee?oao oaeaaeaeaiea,
eiio?iee?oao anth no?aio. E aeaenoaeoaeueii, nia?aiaiioth iieeoeeo
iaaiciiaeii i?aaenoaaeoue aac i?annu, ?aaeei e oaeaaeaeaiey. Aia anyeiai
niiiaiey, a oao a?aiaeeiciuo ia?aiaiao, eioi?ua a ianoiyuaa a?aiy
ia?aaeeaaao iaoa no?aia, ia iineaaeithth ?ieue ea?atho NIE.

Aiciiaeiinoe NIE oae aaeeee e iiiaia?aiiu, /oi iie i?inoi ia iiaoo ia
aucuaaoue e naaa eioa?ana. Yeiiiie/aneea i?iaeaiu NIE aeaeatho eo
eaeiiie aeiau/ae aeey aaiee?ia e iieeoeeia. N iiiiuueth yeiiiie/aneeo
?u/aaia ia NIE iiaeii ieacuaaoue aeaaeaiea ia oiae i?aaeauai?iuo
eaiiaiee. Oaoiieiaee i?iaaaeaiey yoeo eaiiaiee noaiiayony ana
eciu?aiiaa, e NIE ea?aao caeanue, iiaeaeoe, naioth aaaeouoth ?ieue.

Ana yoe oaeoi?u e iaoneiaeee auai? iiith aeaiiie oaiu n oeaeueth
eco/aiey e aiaeeca eniieueciaaiey NIE a ea/anoaa i?oaeey iieeoe/aneie
ai?ueau.

***

A oa/aiea aeeeoaeueiiai a?aiaie a ?innee aeaaiui enoi/ieeii eioi?iaoeee
aeey oe?ieie ioaeeee neoaeeea i?anna—aacaou e aeo?iaeu. I?aaeinoaaeyy
eioi?iaoeeth i ?acee/iuo noi?iiao iauanoaaiiie aeecie, i?anna i?eo/eea
?yaeiauo a?aaeaeai ?anniao?eaaoue naay /anoueth aieaa oe?ieiai ie?a e
?aaae?iaaoue ia i?ienoiaeyuea a iai niauoey.

N iiyaeaieai ?aaeei ?aaeeeaeueiui ia?acii eciaieeny iaoaieci inaauaiey
eioi?iaoeee, naeaeaeinue aiciiaeiui ia?aaeaaaoue aa /a?ac
ainoaea?noaaiiua a?aieoeu iaia?aie/aiiiio /eneo neooaoaeae. E ia/aeo
aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu ?aaeei noaei iaeiei ec aeaaiuo iieeoe/aneie
iiaeeecaoeee iauanoaa e aaaeiaeoei eino?oiaioii i?iiaaaiaeu. Aua aieaa
aic?inea aai ?ieue a iineaaiaiiue ia?eiae, n nicaeaieai naoe aauaiey ai
anao ?acaeouo no?aiao.

Aeey oaeaaeaeaiey ia?eiae io aai aicieeiiaaiey aei i?aa?auaiey a aaaeiue
iieeoe/aneee eino?oiaio ieacaeny aua ei?i/a, /oi iauyniyaony aeaaiui
ia?acii ao?iuie oaiiaie aai ?acaeoey e ?ani?ino?aiaiey. A 70 – 80-o
aiaeao oaeaaeaeaiea noaei aeiieie?othuei NIE. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy iii
iaeaaeaao ia?iiiuie aiciiaeiinoyie aeey aicaeaenoaey ia iauanoaaiiia
iiaiea.

A caaeneiinoe io oiai, a /ueeo ?oeao iii iaoiaeeony, aai iiaeii
eniieueciaaoue eae aeey iauaeoeaiiai iia?aoeaiiai eioi?ie?iaaiey
ethaeae i ?aaeueiuo niauoeyo a ie?a, eo i?inaauaiey e ainieoaiey, oae e
aeey iaieioee?iaaiey a eioa?anao oao eee eiuo a?oii ethaeae.

I?anna, ?aaeei e oaeaaeaeaiea yaeythony naiaia?aciuie «aeacaie e ooaie
iauanoaa». Iie i?aaeoi?aaeaeatho aai, iai?eia?, i niaaea a yeiiiieea,
?inoa ia?eiiaiee e i?anooiiinoe, eee ei??oioeee a ei?eaei?ao aeanoe e
o.ae. Iie iiaoo i?ieeoue naao ia ne?uoua i?oaeeiu iieeoeee i?aayueo
e?oaia, ia?aoeoue aieiaiea iauanoaaiiinoe ia iaeaieaa iaeeiciua noi?iiu
eo aeayoaeueiinoe.

Noieoue ioiaoeoue, /oi iaaa?iyoiay iiuue caeeth/aia a yoie no?oeoo?a –
NIE niiniaiu i?aaieciaaoue iiaeaea?aeeo cia/eoaeueiuie neiyie ianaeaiey
oao eee eiuo aeoeee i?aayueo e?oaia eeai ioaeaeueiuo caeioa?aniaaiiuo
a?oii. Yoa iniaaiiinoue ooieoeeiie?iaaiey NIE io/aoeeaaa anaai
i?iyaeyaony a ecae?aoaeueiii i?ioeanna, ai a?aiy ecae?aoaeueiuo
eaiiaiee.

ss?eei i?eia?ii auoa neacaiiiai yaeythony i?aceaeaioneea auai?u, eiaiii
oiaaea ia/eiatho n iaaa?iyoiui ?aaieai e i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth
aeoeae?iaaoueny ana eaiaeu, oaeaaeceiiiua eiiieaenu, ia/aoiua enoi/ieee
e oae. Oae aea iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue oieeaeueioth iniaaiiinoue, ai a?aiy
auai?ia aie?oa eaaeaeiai ec eaiaeeaeaoia ia?acothony eioi?iaoeeiiiua
eiia?ee, eioi?ua e aaaeoo aai e iiaaaea.

***

Oaeaaeaeaiea, auniei oeaieiia aeeyoaeueiuie ethaeueie, eiaanoeoeee a
eioi?ia aeatho ii/oe /oi iaae/aneee ?acoeueoao, i?aa?aoeeinue a i?yiii e
ia?aiiniii niunea yoiai neiaa a iiea aiy aeey oao, eoi oi/ao oaea?aeaoue
eee caoaaoeoue iieeoe/aneoth aeanoue.

Iiaeaeue inaauaiey ia oaeaaeaeaiee i?aaeauai?iuo eaiiaiee a ?innee auea
nicaeaia a iniiaiii a aeaeaa?a 1993 aiaea, eiaaea i?ioiaeeee auai?u a
Ainoaea?noaaiioth Aeoio. A oiaea yoeo e iineaaeothueo auai?ia
oaeaaeaeaiea nua?aei aeeciaiii aaaeioth ?ieue a ?aoaiee aii?ina i oii,
neieueei /aeiaae yaeyeinue ia aieiniaaiey, e ieacuaaei aeeyiea ia auai?
ecae?aoaey.

Oaeaaeaeaiea niiaei ?aaiethoeeiiece?iaaoue iieeoe/aneoth eaiiaieth ii
i?iaaaeaieth ?aoa?aiaeoia a 1993 aiaeo, eiaaea aia?aua aeey oaaee/aiey
oainia Ai?ena Aeueoeeia auea eniieueciaaia iieeoe/aneay ?aeeaia.

Aeueoeei ana a?aiy i?enoonoaiaae ia oaeaaeceiiiii ye?aia, iaeneiaeueii
eniieuecoy i?aeiouanoai naiae aeieaeiinoe, a oaeaea aiiaue ia?aoaiioth
yia?aeth. E i?eia?o, eiaaea eiiioienou o/anoaiaaee a oaeaaeceiiiuo
aeeneonneyo ni noi?iiieeaie Aeueoeeia e ooaa?aeaeaee, /oi Aeueoeei neaa
e ioaeaeaaony a iiiiue, oi noi?iiieee i?aceaeaioa i?aaeeaaaee ei «i?inoi
aeeth/eoue oaeaaeci? e oaaaeeoueny, ianeieueei neeai i?aceaeaio».

N ?ani?ino?aiaieai oaeaaeaeaiey iaeioi?ua enneaaeiaaoaee noaee
naycuaaoue iaaeaaeaeu ia nie?auaiea ecae?aoaeueiuo eaiiaiee, ?ino
eioi?ie?iaaiiinoe e iieeoe/aneie aeoeaiinoe ecae?aoaeae e oneeaiea
iauanoaaiiiai eiio?iey iaae iieeoe/aneei i?ioeannii. Iaeiaei, aii?aee
iaeeaeaieyi, ai anao aeaiie?aoe/aneeo no?aiao iaoeeiiii aic?anoaao
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue e noieiinoue ecae?aoaeueiuo eaiiaiee.
Aei?iainoiyuay ?aeeaia noaea aaaeiie ninoaaiie /anoueth ethaie
ecae?aoaeueiie eaiiaiee ia neieueei-ieaoaeue aunieea ainoaea?noaaiiua
iinou. Oa?aeoa?ii, /oi cia/eoaeueiay /anoue n?aaenoa ia i?iaaaeaiea
ecae?aoaeueiuo eaiiaiee eaiaeeaeaoia iuia ?anoiaeoaony ia NIE.

A ianoaiiaea oneeeaathuaeny iieeoe/aneie eiieo?aioeee iaoeeiiii
aic?anoaao cia/aiea oaeoi?a a?aiaie. Iiyoiio aua aei ia/aea
ecae?aoaeueiie eaiiaiee i?aaiu NIE iieuecothony iniaui aieiaieai ni
noi?iiu anao i?aoaiaeaioia e eaiaeeaeaoia. Iieeoe/aneee aeayoaeue,
?aoeaoe aaeeioe?iaaoueny ia oo eee eioth aunieoth auai?ioth
aeieaeiinoue, no?aieony, eae iiaeii ?aiueoa, ia?aoeoue ia naay aieiaiea
i?aaiia NIE e /a?ac ieo — iauanoaaiiinoe e aeaeiauo e?oaia

Ioiioaiea i?annu n ?oeiaiaeeoaeyie ecae?aoaeueiie eaiiaiee caaeneo io eo
oeiainiauo aiciiaeiinoae. No?aieaiea caaiaaaoue neiiaoee i?annu
iaeaeathony a iaoi?iaeueiue, aeaaea ae?oaeanoaaiiue noeeue iauaiey
i?aoaiaeaioia n aeo?iaeenoaie: oe?iei i?aeoeeothony /anoiua ano?a/e,
niaianoiua iiacaeee, caaiua iaaaeu n i?eaeaoaieai iaeaieaa aeeyoaeueiuo
aeo?iaeenoia e o. i. Enoi?ey i?aceaeaioneeo auai?ia a NOA aeaao iaiaei
i?eia?ia oiai, eae eiaiii aeaaiaea?y naiae aeoeaiinoe ia yoii yoaia
i?aoaiaeaio iieo/ae iaiaoiaeeiua oainu ia auaeaeaeaiea io naiae ia?oee.

***

?acaeoea NIE, iniaaiii oaeaaeaeaiey, oneeeei oaiaeaioeeth e ?aciuaaieth
a?aieoe iaaeaeo i?ia?aiiaie iiainoae e ?acaeaeaoaeueiuie i?ia?aiiaie.
Oai, aaea aaaeiinoue eioi?iaoeee ii?aaeaeyaony e ioeaieaaaony a?
?aeeaiiuie ea/anoaaie, iaecaaaeii oaaee/eaaaony ?ac?ua iaaeaeo ?aaeueiui
ie?ii e ie?ii, i?aaeeaaaaiui NIE.

Ninoaaeoaee eioi?iaoeeiiiuo i?ia?aii, icaai/aiiua niia?aaeaieyie
?acaeaeaoaeueiinoe, i?aaei?eieiatho ana aiciiaeiia aeey i?aa?auaiey
aoaeie/iie ?aaeueiinoe a ia/oi ?acaeaeaoaeueiia. Iie iiaoo auaeoiuaaoue
iaoa?eae, eneaaeaoue oaeou, iioneaoue eeth/aaoth eioi?iaoeeth. E yoi
anoanoaaiii. Eiaaea aeaaiay caaea/a oaeaaeceiiiie i?ia?aiiu ninoieo a
oii, /oiau caaiaaaoue e nio?aieoue aoaeeoi?eth, nouanoaoao aieueoie
niaeaci ioa?ineoue eee eciaieoue «neo/iua» oaeou, ethaeae, niauoey,
niioaaonoaothuei ia?acii, iiaei?aaea e «oiaeiaaa» eo.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy iaienaii iiiaeanoai noaoae e eiea n aeaoaeueiuie
?aeiiaiaeaoeeyie, eae iieacuaaoueny ia oaeaye?aia, eaeea eniieueciaaoue
aeanou, eae aiai?eoue e o. ae. A iaeiie ec naieo noaoae eniaineee
aeo?iae «Eaiaei—16», iai?eia?, aeaaae iieeoe/aneei aeayoaeyi neaaeothuea
?aeiiaiaeaoeee: «Aunooiay ii oaeaaeaeaieth, eaiaeeaeao aeieaeai
aiai?eoue ia oae, eae ii yoi aeaeaao ia ioaee/iii ieoeiaa, o. a.
ioeoeeaeueii, o?aaiaaoaeueii, aunieiia?ii, a, iaiai?io, iyaeei,
caaeooaaiui aieinii, aac eaoaai?e/aneeo ooaa?aeaeaiee, ii/oe oiieythua,
ecaaaay o?eoioaoi?neeo o?ac e aeaaieia a eioeieoeaa e eiia?aoeaa,
eioi?ua yaeythony naeaeaoaeuenoaii aeanoeinoe e i?aaiaoecia».

Aeey eni?aaeaiey aeaoaeoia e ioeaie a ?a/e eaiaeeaeaoia eniieuecoaony
yeaeo?iiiay oaoieea, iai?eia? eiaiiao?, eni?aaeythuee iaaiyoiia
i?ieciioaiea, ieiooth aeeeoeeth, auno?oth ?a/ue e o. ae. Iniaaiii
aeia?o?ioe?iaaiiua oi?iu i?e nicaeaiee eieaeaea i?eia?aoaao
«eiino?oe?iaaiea» oece/aneeo, aiaoieo oa?aeoa?enoee eaiaeeaeaoia. A yoii
ieaia e ianoiyuaio a?aiaie ooaa?aeeeanue oeaeay aaea?ay aa?iaa, aeanoia,
ieie/aneeo oi?aaeiaiee e o. ae. Yoi ciaiaieoay «iieiaeaaeiay» i?e/anea e
«nii?oeaiay» aiaoiinoue Aeae. Eaiiaaee, «i?inoaoeeea» iaia?u e aeanou
Aeae. Ea?oa?a, ia iaiaa ciaiaieoay, ii/oe «aeaoneay» oeuaea ?. ?aeaaia,
eioi?ay i?aa?aoeeanue a aai «oiaa?iue ciae» e o. ae. I?eia/aoaeueii, /oi
eciaiaiea ai aiaoiinoe oiai eee eiiai eaiaeeaeaoa ca/anooth
i?aiiaeiineeinue NIE /ooue ee ia eae nainaoeey.

Caeeth/aiea.

Iiaeaiaey eoiae anaai auoaneacaiiiai, y oaa?aei aiai?th, /oi
iieeoe/aneay ai?ueaa a ?innee ia?ac?uaii naycaii ni NIE. Noaiiaeaiea
aeaiie?aoee a no?aia, iaoneiaeei aieueoea ia?aiaiu e iiuiue nea/ie a
?acaeoee NIE. I?anna, ?aaeei e oaeaaeaeaiea noaiiayony ianoiyuae a?aiie
aeey i?aaeauai?iuo aaoaeee. E oioy NIE ii?ie ia?ooeaatho ia ecae?aoaey
iioiee naiie i?ioeai?a/eaie eioi?iaoeee, ii eiaiii iie iiiiaatho
ecae?aoaeth ii?aaeaeeoueny a naiai auai?a.

Anooiea ia iooue naiaiaeiiai ?acaeoey, NIE a ?innee noaeeeaathony n
iiiaeanoaii i?aiyonoaee. *eiiaie/ee i?iecaie, no?aieaiea «iiaei?aaeoue»
eeaa?aeueiia caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai n iiiiuueth ianoiuo ?ai?anneaiuo oeacia,
ia?aie/eaatho naiaiaeo NIE. Ana yoi oa?iaeaao e naiei iio?aaeoaeyi
eioi?iaoeee, iineieueeo aaaeao e ?aniaaeo aaeeiiai eioi?iaoeeiiiiai
i?ino?ainoaa.

aac niiiaiey, aeeyao ia ea/anoai aeiaiaeeiie aei ia?iaea eioi?iaoeee,
niinianoaoao nicaeaieth oeaeuo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo eiia?ee, ai aeaaa eioi?uo
noiyo e?oiiua iieeoe/aneea aeayoaee. Iieeoe/aneea eeaea?u e i?aaiecaoeee
eniieuecotho caaeneiua io ieo NIE a naieo oeaeyo. Aeey yoiai oe?iei
i?eiaiythony iieeoe/aneay ?aeeaia, oi?ie?iaaiea ioaeiiai eieaeaea,
nicaeaiea iaaaoeaiiai ioiioaiey e i?ioeaieeo, a oaeaea ioe?iaaiiue iieac
eiii?iiaoia.

I/aiue /anoi, n oeaeueth nicaeaiey ioaeiiai iauanoaaiiiai iiaiey, NIE
eneaaeatho eioi?iaoeeth eee aea eioa?i?aoe?otho aa a iieueco oie eee
eiie iieeoe/aneie i?aaiecaoeee. Eioi?iaoeey aeioiaeeo aei iio?aaeoaey,
i?aoa?iaa iiiaeanoai eciaiaiee. A /anoiinoe, nae/an anoue ana iniiaaiey
iieaaaoue, /oi i?eiaiyaiay iieeoeei-aaia?aoe/aneay ieoieiaey auaea?aeeo
eniuoaiea ia i?i/iinoue e, eciaieaoenue a aeaoaeyo, a oeaeii nio?aieony.

Iniaoth ?ieue a iieeoe/aneie ai?ueaa a ?innee nae/an ioaiaeeony
oaeaaeaeaieth. Aei?iaiaecia ia/aoiuo ecaeaiee naeaeaea oaeaaeaeaiea
iaeiei ec naiuo aeinooiiuo enoi/ieeia iieo/aiey iieeoe/aneie eioi?iaoeee
aeey aieueoeo neiaa iauanoaa. Iniaaiii yoi eanaaony iaeaieaa ioaeaeaiiuo
oaieeia iaoae no?aiu, eoaea i?anna iiiaaeaao n aieueoei iiicaeaieai.

Aeeyiea oaeaaeaeaiey ia oiae i?aaeauai?iuo eaiiaiee i?inoi o?oaeii
ia?aioeaieoue. Eciaieeenue e noaee aieaa eciu?aiiuie oaoiieiaee
oaeaaeceiiiiai i?ioeanna i?e ?aaioa n eaiaeeaeaoaie. Iiae aicaeaenoaeai
eae iauaeoeaiuo eciaiaiee a iieeoe/aneii i?ioeanna, oae e niaoeeoeee
nia?aiaiiuo NIE, ecae?aoaeueiua eaiiaiee aueeaathony a, naiaai ?iaea,
iiioey?iua niaeoaeee eee aeaaea nii?oeaiua ?aii?oaaee ni naieie
iiaaaeeoaeyie, i?iea?aaoeie, iai?yaeaiiuie ia?eiaoeyie ai?ueau.

Ii/aio aea i?iaeaia acaeiiaeaenoaey NIE e iieeoeee oae aieioao
iiiaeanoai o/aiuo, yenia?oia e naieo aeo?iaeenoia? Ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia,
eiaaea ?inney i?ioiaeeo ia?aua yoaiu ia iooe aeaiie?aoee, i/aiue aaaeii
iao/eoue i?inoiai ecae?aoaey i?aaeeueii e iauaeoeaii ioeaieaaoue oo eee
eioth eioi?iaoeeth, eioi?oth i?aiiaeiinyo iai NIE. Ciaiea
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee e iaoiaeia eneaaeaiey eioi?iaoeee, iicaieeo
ecae?aoaeth naeaeaoue oio auai?, io eioi?iai iiaeao caaenaoue noaeueaa
no?aiu.

Nienie eniieueciaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u.

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3. Cano?neee E. Iieeoeea, aeaiueae e i?anna a nia?aiaiiie ?innee //
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4. Caeii ?O «I ia/aoe e ae?oaeo n?aaenoaao ianniaie eioi?iaoeee» //
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5. Eioi?iaoeeiiiua eiia?ee a ?innee // Aecian e iieeoeea, 2004

6. Ea/eaaaa A. ?inneeneea eiia?ee e NIE // AEo?iaeeno, 1998 – ?6

7. E?anieeia A. Noa/aiea eioi?iaoeeiiiie aieiu // Iineianeea iiainoe,
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8. Iaoaaaaa E. I?aceaeaioia aeaeaao oaeaaeci? // A?aoiaiou e oaeou,
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9. I?anna, NIE a ?innee // Iieeoee, 2004, 26 yiaa?y

10. N?aaenoaa ianniaie eioi?iaoeee a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo // Yenia?o,
2007

11. Naiaiaea e NIE «aoi?ie naaaeanoe // AEo?iaeeno, 1999 – ?10

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