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Eaia?ianeee Ainoaea?noaaiiue Oieaa?neoao

Eaoaae?a ?eoi?eee e Noeeenoeee

?AOA?AO

?eoi?eea ianniaie eiiioieeaoeee

NIAeA?AEAIEA

Aaaaeaiea

Aeaaa 1. Ec enoi?ee aacaoiiai ycuea

Aeaaa 2. Aacaoiue ycue a noa?a eiiioieeaoeee

Caeeth/aiea

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u

AAAAeAIEA

?eoi?eea – eneonnoai ?a/e, eneonnoai neiaa.

?eoi?eea – eneoniia, i?aaeeueiia eniieueciaaiea ?a/e, neiaa.

Eiiioieeaoeey – niiauaiea, iauaiea ethaeae iin?aaenoaii ia?aaea/e onoiie
eee ienueiaiiie ?a/e, ia?aaea/a eioi?iaoeee.

?eoi?eea – neiai iauaiey, ycue iauaiey /eiiioieeaoeee/ ethaeae.

Ia/aoue – aacaou, aeo?iaeu, e ae?oaea aeaeu ia/aoiuo ecaeaiee ia?yaeo n
ae?oaeie n?aaenoaaie ianniaie eioi?iaoeee /?aaeei, oaeaaeaeaiea/
yaeyaony ae?aaiaeoei aeaeii n?aaenoaa iauaiea, niiauaiey eioi?iaoeee.

?eoi?eea ianniaie eiiioieeaoeee – ycue n?aaenoa ianniaie eioi?iaoeee. A
oaeii niaea?aeaiee iacaaiey ?aoa?aoa i?eaiaeei iaeioi?ua iniaaiiinoe
ycuea nia?aiaiiie aacaoiie ioaeeoeenoeee.

A aacaoa neiaeeeenue nenoaiiua i?eioeeiu iieueciaaiey aiaaonoaii ycuea.
Iiaeii aiai?eoue i aacaoiii ycuea eae i niaieoiiinoe noeeenoe/aneeo e
ooieoeeiiaeueiuo yaeaiee, nicaeathueo ycueiaoth noi?iio aacaou, e a oi
aea a?aiy – aacaoioth noi?iio ycuea.

Aniaeo «aacaoa a ycuea» i?aaeiieaaaao ioeaieo niaoeeoeee eniieueciaaiey
ycuea a aacaoa a caaeneiinoe io oeaeae, niaea?aeaiey, oneiaee e
o?aaeeoeee aacaou eae oi?iu nioeeaeueiiai iauaiey.

Iaa aniaeoa enoiaeyo ec iaeiie ?aaeueiinoe – nouanoaiaaiey aacaoiiai
ycuea eae nenoaiu yaeaiee, iaiiaoi?eiie ie a iaeiie noa?a iauaiey.
Iineieueeo /a?ou, ioee/athuea aeaiioth /aacaoioth/ noa?o ?eoi?eee io
ae?oaeo ooieoeeiiaeueiuo noa? iauaiey /eiiioieeaoeee/, e /a?ou, eioi?ua
oa?aeoa?ecotho aa «ecioo?e» naiae niaoeeoeeaoeee, iniaaiiinoueth – a
i?eioeeia iaeie e oa aea . Iiyoiio aac?acee/ii, eae yoi «aacaoiay noa?a
ycuea» aoaeao iienaia – n?aaiaieai ee n ae?oaeie nenoaiaie
eniieueciaaiey aaeeiiai ycuea /?aaeei, oaeaaeaeaiea/ eee iaaethaeaieai
ca aai eniieueciaaieai oieueei a aaeeiie «aacaoiie noa?a». E iu oaeaeyai
aieiaiea ia e iienaieth ycuea a oeaeii, a eeoue e nouanoaaiiiio aai
naienoao eae aacaoiiai.

Iienaiea ycueiauo yaeaiee a aacaoiie eiiioieeaoeee, eae ioia/atho aaoi?u
eiea /1-3/. Iienaoaeueiia iiciaiea /aiciiaeii, naiia i?eaueueiia/ yoiai
i?aaeiaoa e ninoaaeyao oeaeue ianoiyuaai ?aoa?aoa.

Aeey ian enneaaeiaaoue aacaoiue ycue – yoi auynieoue e iienaoue oi, /oi
?aaeueii i?ienoiaeeo a aeaiiie noa?a, n iiceoeee iaueiiaaiiiai /eoaoaey,
aeey eioi?iai naaiaeiyoiyy aacaoa – eeoue oieueei iaoa?eae aeey eioa?ana
e i?aaeiaoo.

Oaoiieiaey aacaoiie ?a/e nicaeaaony ia oieueei ia aaca iauaeoeaiuo
?aaeueiuo aa caeiiiia?iinoae /neiaini/aoaiee, o?aaeeoeeiiiuo «ooaiiia» e
noaiaea?oia/, ii e ia noauaeoeaiie aaca, naienoaaiiie ioaeaeueii
eaaeaeie aacaoa.

Noaiaea?oecaoeey, iaeeiaeiainoue n?aaenoa au?aaeaiey – iaiouaieaiia
ea/anoai aacaoiiai ycuea. Aaaeii, /oi au yoi ea/anoai ia eneaaeaei
enoeiioth iuneue, /oiau eaeaeii-niaea?aeaoaeueiay noi?iia aacaou
ooaa?aeaeaeanue aacaoiui ycueii oai?/anee io?aaeay aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue
/1, n.7/

Iao/ii-iainiiaaiiue eaeaae aacaoiiai ycuea eee iao/iay oaoiieiaey
aacaoiie ?a/e iiaoo auoue nicaeaiu e noi?ioee?iaaiu i?e o/aoa anao
oaeoi?ia a eo ?aaiiaanee: aania?niaeoeaiu iaoeueiua inoaeaeaiey
noaiaea?oeciaaiiinoe aacaoiiai ycuea eee e?eeeeaua i?ecuau e aai
ia?aciinoe e ooaeiaeanoaaiiie au?aceiinoe /1, n.8/

Oai?aoe aacaoiiai ycuea – naaiaeiyoiee aeo?iaeeno caeioa?aniaai a
i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoe aeey /eoaoaey aacaoiiai ycuea. Aeeyiea aacaou ia?yaeo
n aeaoiy oaeeie aea iiaouanoaaiiuie n?aaenoaaie ianniaie eiiioieeaoeee –
?aaeei e oaeaaeaeaieai, iaaiciiaeii i?eoiaiueoeoue, eiaaea aacaoa – ia
oieueei enoi/iee e iineoaeue eioi?iaoeee, ii e iiuiia n?aaenoai
oaaaeaeaiey iann. Eco/aiea e iiciaiea ycuea aacaou n aai noauaeoeaiui e
iauaeoeaiui naienoaaie anoue aaaeiay /anoue noi?iiu e oneiaee
nouanoaiaaiey aacaou.

AEAAA 1. Ec enoi?ee eco/aiey aacaoiiai ycuea

«Anee eaaeaeiio iiiyoia iieeoe/aneay ?ieue aacaou ,anee eaaei
aeiaaaeaoueny i nioeeaeueiii niunea aacao eae enoi/ieea ?ani?ino?aiaiey
oaeoia e eaeae, oi aii?in i nianoaaiii-eeoa?aoo?iie neiaaniie i?e?iaea
aacaou ieeai e ieeae aua ia iinoaaeai» /1, n.11/ Oae aua a 1929 aiaeo
auei neacaii i cia/aiee e ?iee aacaoiiai ycuea. *a?ac ni?ie eao /1957
a./ aiiaue auei neacaii, /oi «iiiai/eneaiiua i?iaeaiu aacaoiiai ycuea:
aai i?e?iaea, nouiinoue, niaoeeoeea, iacia/aiea, ninoaa, noeeenoe/aneay
oa?aeoa?enoeea aei neo ii? inoathony ia?ac?aoaiiuie. Ia ii?aaeaeaiu
?ieue e ianoi aacaoiie ?a/e a nenoaia ?onneiai ycuea, ia ?ac?aaioaia
noeeenoeea aacaoiuo aeai?ia. Aei ianoiyuaai a?aiaie ionoonoaoao
iao/ii-iainiiaaiiay iaoiaeeea aiaeeca ycuea aacaou» /1, n.11/.

?ieue ycuea a aacaoa noieue niaoeeoe/ia, iniaaiia, /oi ieii iaa ia
i?ioiaeyo enneaaeiaaoaee anao noi?ii aacaou io iieea?aoe/aneiai /
oaoiieiae/aneiai ia/aoaiey / aei iieeoeei-eaeaieiae/aneie. Iaeiaei
acaeyae aa aacaoiue ycue ia?auaaony oieueei ii iaiaoiaeeiinoe, ia aai
eeoue ioaeaeueiua /a?ou – iau/ii ia oa, eioi?ua nicaeatho iiiaoe e
iioiio i?eaeaeatho e naaa aieiaiea. Ii i?e yoii enneaaeiaaoaee iiiaia
i?iyniytho a iiieiaiee aacaoiiai ycuea eae neiaa e ?a/e.

A iineaaeiea aiaeu aacaoiue ycue noae aeoeaii eco/aoueny a nayce n
i?aiiaeaaaieai ?onneiai ycuea eae eiino?aiiiai. Aacaoiue ycue
?anniao?eaaaony eae /anoue «aacaoiie eoeueoo?u», a i?eniiniaeaiiinoe
ia/aoe e eioa?anai ianniaiai /eoaoaey, e aai ia?aciaaoaeueiiio o?iaith.

Iauei ea/anoaii aacaoiiai ycuea i?eciaaaeenue eieaeiinoue,
ooaeiaeanoaaiii-eeoa?aoo?iay o?aaeeoeey, eieaeiua iai?iou ?a/e. Ii
iineieueeo i?anna aea?aeeo eo?n ia /eoaoaey-ianniaeea, a ia ia
/eoaoaey-eieaeieea, oi ooaeiaeanoaaiiay e eeoa?aoo?iay /anoue ?onneiai
aacaoiiai ycuea noaiiayony «aeaoaeoaie», a ono?aieoue «aeaoaeou» iiaeii
eeoue ei?aiiui oi?iuaieai ycuea aacaou.

«I?eaioe?iaea ia iiaiai /eoaoaey aeieaeia iiaea/ue ca niaie ?aaiethoeeth
a ycuea… ?aai/aio e e?anoueyieio iaiaoiaeei ycue aeeceee e ?acaiai?iiio.
Iineaaeiee ioee/aaony ia?aciinoueth, n?aaiaieyie i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai
oa?aeoa?a, i?inoioie e yniinoueth.. Iao aacaoiue ycue aeieaeai, oaeei
ia?acii, eiaoue oeeii e ?acaiai?iiio ycueo iann… Iaaei ninoaaeoue
neiaa?ue iiaeeaaeaueo caiaia neia… Iaaei ecaaaaoue ii aiciiaeiinoe neia
e au?aaeaiee, aeiioneathueo ?acee/iua oieeiaaiey. Iniaaiii yoi ioiineony
ei anyeei au?aaeaieyi, eioi?ua aeiioneatho ?aciua e?eaioieee e
oeo?ioiiua oieeiaaiey» /1, n.12/ Oae a 1927 aiaeo iiieiaeanue ?aoi?ia
oi?iuaiey ycuea.

Eaeay oi?iuaiiiai aacaoiiai ycuea ?acaeaaeanue iiae i?aaeeiaii
iaiaaeeaiiiai i?eiauaiey iieoa?aiioiuo iann e eoeueoo?a /a?ac oi?iuaiea
yoie eoeueoo?u, ii oaeia oi?iuaiea iauaeoeaii caoaiiyei caaea/o
ainieoaiey e eoeueoo?iiai ?inoa iann. Aic?aaeaieai oaeie oi?iuaiiie
?aoi?ia ycuea cao/aei o?aaiaaiea ia noieueei i?eniiniaeoue eeoa?aoo?iue
ycue e ianniaiio iaeieoeueoo?iiio /eoaoaeth, noieueei i?eniiniaeoue aai
naiiai e eoeueoo?ii-ycueiaui aeinoeaeaieyi ?onneie iaoeee. *oi ieeaeay
iaieioeyoeey n aacaoiui ycueii, ieeaeay iiioey?ecaoeey aai ia iiiiaeao,
iiea ianniaue /eoaoaeue ia iieo/eo ia?aciaaiea: «aeaei ia a iiieiaiee
neiaa, a a iaciaiee aai nianoaaiiiai cia/aiey. Aeaei eaeao ia i caiaia
neiaa neiaii, a i niiauaiee /eoaoaeth iaeaieueoaai eiee/anoaa ciaiee»
/2, n.13/.

Aacaoiue ycue, eae nenoaia aiieiuaiey eeoa?aoo?iiai ycuea a ianniaoth
?a/ue, ia iiaeao ?aoi?ie?iaaoueny ii «?oeiaiaeyuae aiea». ?acaiai?iue,
auoiaie ycue ia iiaeao auoue aeinoaoi/iui a aacaoa, ii a oi aea a?aiy
ii, yoio ?acaiai?iue ycue, aue au e ecauoi/iui. Aacaoiue ycue io oiai
aacaoiue, /oi ninoaaeeny o?aaeeoeeiiiuie oi?iaie eniieueciaaiey ycuea
niaeanii oeaeyi, oneiaeyi e niaea?aeaieth aacaou. Iiyoiio neaaeiaaei au
e iienaoue aacaoiue ycue ia yoie aaca, ii a oa 20-a aiaeu enneaaeiaaoaee
e e?eoeee aacaoiiai ycuea iau/ii i?aaeiaoii aiaeeca a?aee oi, /oi
aucuaaao io?eoeaoaeueioth ioeaieo, iaoiaeynue ia iiceoeee «aui?aaeaiey
iaaeinoaoeia».

«Nia?aiaiiue aacaoiue ycue ieio /ai-ia?auo, iai?aaeeai, ai-aoi?uo,
oaaeiiai, a-o?aoueeo iaeiiiiyoai/» /1, n.14/. A aeaeaiee auyaeoue
eiie?aoiua /a?ou aacaoiiai ycuea iie aeaeaee a?aaeioth iiiuoeo
i?iiaaaiaeu caeiiia aacaou, eioi?ua aeeeootho i?eai «a aiiethuai
i?ioeai?a/ee n iniiaiuie caeiiaie ?onneiai ycuea».

Iniai neaaeoao caiaoeoue, /oi caeanue oiiieiathony i?eia?u ia?auaiey e
aacaoiiio ycueo niaoeeaeenoia-ycueiaaaeia, oeeieiaia. Yoa iaeanoue iaoee
neiaeia e niaoeeoe/ia, iiaeaa?aeaia naiaiaea noauaeoeaiiai ?aoaiey a
ioeaiea i?iaeai e aii?inia. E iu ia noaaei caaea/o ioeaieoue iiceoeee e
oi/eo c?aiey o/aiuo-enneaaeiaaoaeae. Iu eeoue yoeie i?eia?aie
nii?iaiaeaeaai oio oaeo, /oi a iaeanoe ?onneiai ycuea aacaoiue ycue aue
e inoaaony i?aaeiaoii aieiaiey e eco/aiey.

Ia?auaiey e ioeaiea aacaoiiai ycuea niaoeeaeenoaie 20-o aiaeia naiaeeony
e oiio, /oi aeaaiui niaea?aeaieai yoie ioeaiee auee ?annoaeaeaiey i oii,
/oi ycue aacaou aeieaeai auoue aiaaoui e ?aciiia?aciui ianoieueei,
ianeieueei aiaao e ?aciiia?acai auoiaie ycue iaeieoeueoo?iuo iann.
Ianaaeaeaeinue aini?eyoea aacaoiiai ycuea eae iaeoiaeiia iio?aaeaiea
ycuea aiiaua, aac i?eciaiey neieue-ieaoaeue eiie?aoiuo iniaaiiinoae
ycuea ia iiiu?yeinue e ia iiiaea aiaeu auei caaea?aeaii, Nouanoaiaaiea a
oi a?aiy i?aeoe/aneea iiniaey aeey aeo?iaeenoia ana aieaa io?uaaeenue io
aacaoiiai ycuea e ia?aoiaeeee a iaeanoue iauaycueiauo yaeaiee, iai?eia?,
i?aaee a?aiiaoeee e iauae eoeueoo?u ?a/e. Ana yoi i?eaaei e ono?aiaieth
naiiai iiiyoey «aacaoiue ycue» e e aicieeiiaaieth «i?aeoe/aneie
noeeenoeee».

I?aeoe/aneay noeeenoeea ia noaaeo oeaeueth aiaeec aacaoiiai ycuea. Iia
ioaaouaaao eeoa?aoo?iue ycue a oeaeii e ?anniao?eaaao aacaoiue ycue eae
/anoue eeoa?aoo?iiai. Oeaeue iiciaiey nianoaaiii aacaoiiai ycuea a
i?aeoe/aneie noeeenoeea ia noaaeoueny, ii eeoue oaeaeaii aieiaiea
eco/aieth ioaeaeueiuo neia e au?aaeaiee, oeie/iuo aeey aacaou.

Noaeaeaiey i aacaoiii ycuea noaee enoiaeeoue nianai ec eiie iaeanoe, /ai
yaeyaony ycueiciaiea eae iniaay iaoea. E yoa eiay iaeanoue – iao/aiea
?onneiio ycueo eiino?aioeaa, eiaaea eniieuecoaony aeooaeueiua oaenou ec
aacao. I?e yoii i?aiiaeaaaoaee noieeioeenue n yaiuie ioee/eyie aacaoiuo
oaenoia io o?aaeeoeeiiiiai o/aaiiai iaoa?eaea ii ?onneiio ycueo, e yoe
ioee/ey ino?i iinoaaeee i?iaeaio iniuneaiey nooe aacaoiiai ycuea.

*aua anaai iniaaiiuie /a?oaie aacaoiiai ycuea i?eciathony oaeou, eioi?ua
nicaeatho cao?oaeiaiey o eiino?aioeaa i?e /oaiee aacao, e eiaaea
eiino?aiaoe onaiee «iaeo?aeueiia», iauea iniiau ?onneiai ycuea. *oi,
ai?i/ai, naienoaaiii e iaeicia/eoaeueiiio ?onneiio /aeiaaeo.

A aacaoii-ioaeeoeinoe/aneii ycuea nouanoaotho aeaa i?ioeaiiieiaeiua
oaiaeaioeee – noaaeeueiinoue /aini?iecaaaeaiea aioiauo oi?ioe,
neiaini/aoaiee/ e iiene iiauo n?aaenoa aicaeaenoaey ia /eoaoaey,
niiniaiuo aucaaoue iiauoaiiue eioa?an e aacaoiiio iaoa?eaeo ca n/ao
iiauo iai?ioia ?a/e, i?eiaiaiey ia?aciuo au?aaeaiee e o.i.

I?aeoe/aneay noeeenoeea eco/aieai aacaoiiai ycuea ia eciaieeanue.
Enneaaeiaaoaee eeoue aaaei ia?a/eneytho ninoaa e /a?ou aacaoiiai ycuea:
i?aiaeaaeaao iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneee eaeneeii, naeeaeaiea n aeaeiaui
?acaiai?iui noeeai.

A eeoa?aoo?a ii oaia ?aoa?aoa oiiieiaaony ?aaioa «sscue aacaou» /aaoi?
Aeiieo? A.I 1, n.19/, eioi?ay i?aaenoaaeyaony eae eneeth/aiea a
i?aeoe/aneie noeeenoeea e eae ia/aei iao/iie noeeenoeee. Yoa ?aaioa
ioe?uaaao iiaia iai?aaeaiea a enneaaeiaaiee aacaoiiai ycuea. Niune yoiai
iai?aaeaiey a oii, /oiau iiiyoue e eco/eoue aacaoiue ycue eae iniaue
iauaeo ni naieie nianoaaiiuie caeiiiia?iinoyie, eioi?ua auoaeatho ec
niaoeeoeee naiie aacaou eae yaeaiey iauanoaaiiie aeecie, e iieiinoueth
iaiiaoi?eiuie a ae?oaeo noa?ao eeoa?aoo?iiai ycuea.

A ?acaiai?iie ?a/e anaaaea anoue au?aaeaiea auoiaie ianoaiiaee e iao
niaoeeaeueiie onoaiiaee: eae au?aceoue /aeiaaeo naith ?a/ue. Ienueiaiiay
?a/ue – a yoi e anoue aacaoiue ycue, o?aaoao ii?aaeaeaiiuo oneeee, /oiau
ioia?aoue ioaeiua neiaa e au?aaeaiey. Aacaoiue ycue a ioee/ea io eiuo
oeiia ienueiaiiie ?a/e /ooaeiaeanoaaiiay i?ica, iai?eia?/ ii naiae
caaea/a eiaao naith o?aaeeoeeth – eioi?iaoeeth e eiiiaioa?ee e
eioi?iaoeee. Aaeeinoaaiii oeie/iie aeey aacaou i?eciaaony ?a/ue.
Niaea?aeauay iiainoe, e eiiiaioa?ee e ie – ycue oaeaa?aii eee
oaeaa?aoii-aacaoiay ?a/ue. Caeanue iiae oaeaa?aoiuie niiauaieyie
iiieiaaony ia oaeaa?aoiue aeaie n nie?auaieyie e oneiaeyie eceiaeaiey
?a/e, a ia?ac aacaoiie eioi?iaoeee, oi anoue oaeie aeai? eeoa?aoo?u, n
eioi?ui niaiaaeaao anyeay o?iieea – io/aou, iienaiey, neiaii ana, /oi
iiaeii iauaaeeieoue iiae oa?ieiii «?aii?oaae». Oieueei ycue ?aii?oaaea,
ooaa?aeaeaao aaoi? iacaaiiie ?aaiou, neaaeoao n/eoaoue aaeeinoaaiii
ycueii aacaou, oioy a aacaoa ia/aoathony ia oieueei iaoa?eae ?aii?oaaea.

Oaeaa?aiia ii naiaio caaeaieth aeieaeia aianoeoue aiciiaeii aieueoaa
eiee/anoai oaeoia a i?aaeaeu aiciiaeii aieaa naeaoie a?aiiaoe/aneie
noaiu, ienueiaiiiai oaenoa. N naiiai ia/aea aeo?iaeenoo i?eoiaeeony
iuneeoue ocei e aano?aeoii, iioiio /oi ia?aay aea oaca oaeaa?aiiu iau/ii
oeacuaaao ia enoi/iee eioi?iaoeee; aeaeueiaeoee oaeno niiniaai eeoue
oaeoaeoue, iaino?eoue yoi a?aiiaoe/aneia iai?yaeaiea enoi/ieea
eioi?iaoeee.

Iaeeea i?eaeaoi/iuo, ?ani?aaeaeaiea ii oaenoo niaaeeieoaeueiuo /anoe/ae
e neia, ni/eieoaeueiuo e iiae/eieoaeueiuo eiino?oeoeee a i?aaeeiaeaieyo
/a ioeoeeaeueiuo e?oaao cayaeytho, /oi… iaeiaei… ianiio?y… aoaeoi… ii
neiaai… eae cayaee… a oi a?aiy eae.. eioi?ue…/ iicaieytho aianoeoue a
iaeio a?aiiaoe/aneoth oeaiue ?yae oaeoia, eceiaeaiea eioi?uo a
?acaiai?iie, ia aacaoiie ienueiaiiie ?a/e iio?aaiaaei au ae?oaeo e
aieueoeo oi?i. ?acaeoue yoo a?aiiaoe/aneoth oeaiue a oaeaa?aiia – e yoi
iaiaaeeaiii eeoeo aa iniiaiie oa?aeoa?enoeee – eioi?iaoeeiiiinoe: yoi
oaea ia oaeaa?aiia, ia eioi?iaoeey eae iniaaiiay aacaoiay ?a/ue, a
enoi?e/aneia eee eaeia-eeai ae?oaia iiaanoaiaaiea.

A ioee/ea io neiaeiuo iai?ioia ienueiaiiie ?a/e, iai?eia?
ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u, aacaoiue ycue eeoai iiyoe/aneie ie?anee e
auiieiyao caaeaiea no?iai eioi?iaoeeiiiia. A ioee/ea io i?inouo
ienueiaiiuo oi?i a?iaea aoeo, iiaanoee, caienee aacaoa ?ann/eoaia ia
inaaaeiieaiea iaeneiaeueiie aoaeeoi?ee, eee eae oaea auei neacaii, ia
ianniaiai /eoaoaey. A o ianniaiai /eoaoaey naiua ?aciua iaauee e
iaeeiiiinoe, eioaeeaeo e ia?aciaaiea, iiciaiey a ?onneii ycuea.

Oae A.I. Aeiieo? i?eoiaeeo e iniiaiiio oaceno: i?eau/iua e iniiaiua oeiu
aacaoiie eioi?iaoeee /oaeaa?aiia, eioa?aueth, o?iieea, a cia/eoaeueiie
noaiaie ia?aaeiaay/ no?ieony ii aioiaiio oaea oaaeiio, iaoneiaeaiu
?a/aauie ooaiiaie, neiaaniuie oi?ioeaie.

Ei??aniiiaeaio iaia?aae ciaao, /oi iienuaay, iai?eia?, i?aoi?neia
aunooieaiea, ii niiaeao auae?aoue ec caaioiaeaiiuo oaea au?aaeaiee: ii
neiaai, eae cayaee, ia?aeaey aeaeaa, einioaoenue aii?ina /oaiu/ e o.i.
iaeaieaa oiio?aaeoaeueiua neiaa ec aacaoiiai eaeneeiia – oaea ia neiaa,
a naiaai ?iaea oa?ieiu. A aacaoiii ycuea iaeuecy iuooeoue eaaeaeia neiai
caiiai, neiaa?ue aacao iineo oa?aeoa? oneiaiuo oi?ioe n ca?aiaa
ecaanoiui cia/aieai. A.I. Aeiieo? ienae: «sscue aacaou, niaeanii iiei
ooaa?aeaeaieyi, anoue ycue ooaiiiaaiiue!.. A ?acaa iiaeeeiiay
eeoa?aoo?iay ?a/ue ia ciaao ooaiiia?.. ?acaa any aiiaua a?aiiaoeea ia
anoue n i?eioeeieaeueiie oi/ee ooaii, oi anoue o?aaeeoeeiiiay noaia
au?aaeaiey ycuea? Aacaoiay ?a/ue ioee/aaony oai, /oi a iae
o?aaeeoeeiiiua a?aiiaoe/aneea oi?ioeu e eeeoa aeaiu aac o/aoa
iiyoe/aneiai ea/anoaa ycuea».

A iniiaa ooaiia eaaeeo niiniaiinoue ethaiai oaoie/aneiai yaeaiey ?a/e e
iiaoi?aieth. Ii «eciioaiiue neiaa?iue ooaii noaiiaeony iaauiineiui oai,
aaea aai eciioaiiinoue ia iniciaaony e aaea ii ana aua oeao?e?oao a
ea/anoaa aeeaiai eicoiaa eee i?ecuaa. Eiia aeaei – ooaii ia ianoa, oi
anoue oai, aaea aiai?yuee ciaao, /oi ii aiai?eo eiaiii ooaiiaie,
*?acia?iay eciioaiiinoue neiaa?iiai ooaiia noaiiaeony iaoa?ieiie iiae/an
e a aacaoa» /1, n.27/. *a?oie aacaoiiai ooaiia i?eciaaony eiaiii
oyaioaiea e ooaiio neiaa?iiio, a ia e a?aiiaoe/aneei iino?iaieyi
ooaiiia, ia e oaeoe/aneie ooaiiiaaiiinoe oaenoa. Iieo/aaony, /oi a?aae
iiaeao iaianoe ia ooaii nai ii naaa, a niiniaiinoue nicaeaoue
aeaeeiinoue niaea?aeaiey eioi?iaoeee, ia?aaeaiiie ooaiiaie aacaoiiai
ycuea. Iaeii iaee/ea ooaiiia e oaaeiiia naii ii naaa ia en/a?iuaaao
aii?ina i aeinoieinoaao aacaoiiai noeey ?onneiai ycuea, ii aiai?eo ia
aai iauai oa?aeoa?a, yoiai aacaoiiai noeey.

Iiiiiaiou o/aiiai-enneaaeiaaoaey A.I. Aeiieo?a ooaa?aeaeatho, /oi ?ieue
eeeoa, ooaiiia, aua iaei eco/aia e iao aeinoaoi/iuo iniiaaiee n/eoaoue
ioee/eoaeueiui e aaeeinoaaiiui i?eciaeii ycuea aacaou aai aunieoth
oaaeiiiinoue. «A?yae ee iiaeii aiai?eoue i noaiaea?oeciaaiiinoe
aacaoiiai ycuea a oeaeii… sscue aacaou – neiaeiia e iaiaeii?iaeiia…
yaeaiea» /1, n.30/.

O/aiua nii?yo…

«Anee ycue aiiaua anoue i?aaeaea anaai niiauaiea, eiiioieeaoeey, oi ycue
aacaoiue a eaeaaea anoue niiauaiea ii i?aeiouanoao eioi?iaoeeae… Aeaaiie
e niaoeeoe/aneie iniaaiiinoueth aacaoiie ?a/e yaeyaony eiaiii yoa
i?aeiouanoaaiiay onoaiiaea ia aiein niiauaiey, ia eioi?iaoeeth eae
oaeiaoth» /1, n.31/

A oeaeii aaoi? eieae /1/ ioeaieaaao eiioeaioeeth A.I. Aeiieo?a eae
oeaiiinoue, eae aaeeinoaaiioth e ninoiyoaeueioth iiiuoeo iao/iiai
iiaeoiaea e aacaoiiio ycueo n o/aoii iniaaiiinoae naiie aacaou.

AEAAA 2. Aacaoiue ycue a noa?a eiiioieeaoeee

Oaia ?aoa?aoa ia yaeyaony noieue ioaee/iie e iiioey?iie, /oiau ia
eniuoaoue cao?oaeiaiey a inaiaiee niaoeeaeueiie oa?ieiieiaee e aeaaea
i?inoiai iiieiaiey neiaeiuo oaenoia niaoeeaeueiie ycueiaaae/aneie
eeoa?aoo?u ii i?aaeiaoo yoie oaiu – aacaoiiio ycueo, eee ycueo aacaou.
I/aaeaeii, a iineaaeothuai oaenoa iiaoo auoue aeiiouaiu oi?iuaiey, ii
iiaieth niaoeeaeenoia-ycueiaaaeia e eeiaaenoia iaiicaieeoaeueiua
aaiaeueiinoe. Iu aea eceaaaai oaeno ii iacaaieth aeaau ii ia?a
aiciiaeiiai iiieiaiey e oieeiaaiey iaoa?eaea ec eiea ii yoie oaia.

Aieiiaaaoee aua oeeinioia e ?eoi?ia aioe/iinoe aii?in i oii, eae
iino?ieoue e ia?aaeaoue niiauaiea, /oiau iii yooaeoeaii auei ana i?eiyoi
e iiaeeyei a ioaeiii iai?aaeaiee, a ianoiyuaa a?aiy ineiaeiai
ianniainoueth aoaeeoi?ee e niaoeeoeeie n?aaenoa nayce. Aicieeaao iauay
oai?ey nioeeaeueiie eiiioieeaoeee, eco/athuay yeaiaiou i?ioeanna
iauaiey.

Aeey ian a i?ioeanna eiiioieeaoeee nouanoaaiia oi?ia niiauaiey,
i?eaiaeiinoue oi?iu aeey ia?aaea/e iiaiee e iiainoae. Yoie oi?iie e
i?aaenoaao aacaoiue ycue.

A ia?aie aeaaa neacaii, /oi aacaoiue ycue ii oi?ia e niaea?aeaieth
yaeyaony i?eia?ii enneaaeiaaiey e aieiaiey e iaaeaeai naieie
eiino?oeoeaiuie i?eioeeiaie – iaeiia?aiaiiua e ?aaiii?aaiua i?eaioaoeee
ia noaiaea?o /ooaiiu, eeeoa/ e ia naiaiaeiue, oai?/aneee e
yiioeeiiaeueiue noeeue eceiaeaiey oaenoa a aacaoa. ssaeyynue yeaiaioii
i?ioeanna eiiioieeaoeee, aacaoiue ycue aunooiaao noa?ie iauaiey e
i?eniinaaeeaaaony e caeiiai e ioaeaeai eaiaea ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee.

Aeey aacaoiie eiiioieeaoeee ii?aaeaeythuei oaeoi?ii yaeyaony
ianniainoue, iaiaeii?iaeiinoue, iaii?aaeaeaiiinoue aini?eieiaaiie
aoaeeoi?ee e, niioaaonoaaiii, ionoonoaea i?eaioaoeee ia ii?aaeaeaiiue
eioaeeaeooaeueiue o?iaaiue, iauoth e niaoeeaeueioth iiaeaioiaeo,
iano?iaiea a iiiaio aini?eyoey eioi?iaoeee //oaiey aacaou/, aic?ano.
Iiaeii neacaoue oae: e aeaaeaieeo n aai yioeeeeiiaaee/aneei ia?aciaaieai
ia aeieaeii auoue neo/ii, e oeieueieeo, oieueei, /oi ociaaoaio i
«ieoaai?iauo ooaiao» aeieaeii auoue iiiyoii e eioa?anii, eiaaea o ieo a
?oeao aacaoa. Iniai iaaei iiae/a?eiooue, /oi a ia?aca, a oneiaeyo aacaou
ooieoeey iauaiey /eiiioieeaoeee/ aunooiaao eae
eieeaeoeaii-i?aaiecaoi?neay.

O?oaeiinoue ycueiaiai iauaiey ?anoao i?yii i?iii?oeeiiaeueii /eneo
iauathueony //eoaoaeae aacaou/. E oai, aaea eaeay-oi /anoue iauathueony
//eoaoaeae/ yaeyaony iaii?aaeaeaiiui iiiaeanoaii /eiee/anoai, o?iaaiue
ia?aciaaiey, niaoeeaeueiinoue e i?ioanney e i?./, yoa o?oaeiinoue
noaiiaeony iaeaieueoae. Oaeia iieiaeaiey ineiaeiyaony oaeaea oai, /oi
i?ioeann iauaiey yaeyaony iaeiiiiiaioiui /aacaoa auoiaeeo a naao
iaeiia?aiaiii aeey anao /eoaoaeae/, a iioiio eioaineaiinoueth /aacaoo
/eoaoaeue eniieuecoao ii iacia/aieth eae iineoaeue naaaeae, iiaie
eioi?iaoeee n?aco aea, n iieo/aieai aa a ?oee eae oieueei aacaoa auoea a
naao/.

I?iaeaia iaaeaaeiinoe nayce iaaeaeo ioi?aaeoaeai e iieo/aoaeai
eioi?iaoeee oi?ioi ?ac?aaioaia a yeaeo?iiiie /eeaa?iaoe/aneie/ oai?ee
nayce yeaeo?iiiuo ono?ienoa, naycaiiuo n ia?aaea/ae eioi?iaoeee. Nooueth
i?ioeanna aacaoiie eiiioieeaoeee, oi anoue niaea?aeaieai ia?aaea/e
aacaoiie eioi?iaoeee, oaoiieiaee ia?aaea/e yoie eioi?iaoeee aunooiaao
iiiaiia?acea naiie eioi?iaoeee e oi?iu iienaiey aa /iu aiai?eee ia
iaeiia?aiaiiii e ?aaiii?aaiii iaee/ee a aacaoiii oaenoa e
noaiaea?oeciaaiiuo, ooaiiiauo oi?i iienaiey oaenoa, e ia
yiioeeiiaeueiuo, yeni?anneaiuo oi?iao aacaoiiai ycuea/. E iiaua,
?aciiia?aciua niioiioaiey yoeo aeaoo «eiioeeeoiuo» oi?i aacaoiiai ycuea
iicaieytho a ?aieao oaenoa iaeiie aacaou noi?ie?iaaoue iiaeaeaeiia, ii
aioo?aiia i?ioeai?a/eaia aaeeinoai ycuea aacaou, e yoi i?ioeai?a/eaia
aaeeinoai oi?i ycuea iicaieyao ai anao oiieinoyo io?aaeaoue iacaaeneiia
iiiaiia?acea niauoee Ee oaeoia aeaenoaeoaeueiay aeecie iauanoaa,
oaeiaeaoai?yy noieue aea iiiaiia?aciua «aeonu» ianniaiai /eoaoaey.

Niioiioaiea yeni?annee /yiioeeiiaeueiay, oai?/aneay noi?iia/ e
noaiaea?oa /ia iinoiyiii neiaeeaoeany neiaaniua oi?ioeu /ooaiiu/ anaaaea
iaoiaeyony a neiaeiii acaeiiioiioaiee, e naycaiu n naiie neiaeiinoueth
iauaiey aiiaua, oae eae yoi iauaiea naii eiaao nianoaaiiua
eioaeeaeooaeueioth e yiioeeiiaeueioth noi?iiu. Caeanue iu eiaai a aeaeo
oi, /oi eioi?iaoeey a oeaeii iiae?acaeaeyaony ia niiauathuoth i oaeoao,
niauoey eee iiaaaeaiey, e niiauathuoth i cia/aiee oaeoia e niauoee eee
ninoiyiey ?acoia.

*aeiaa/aneee niinia iauaiey ioiineony ei anae noa?a aeooiaiie aeecie
/aeiaaea: eae a noa?a yiioeeiiaeueiie //oanoaaiiie/, oae e a noa?a
oinoaaiiie, eioaeeaeooaeueiie /ia?aciaaoaeueiue o?iaaiue ee/iinoe/. Oioy
iaa yoe noa?u ia ioaeaeythony ae?oa io ae?oaa aaniethoiui ia?acii, iie
i?aaenoaaeytho, iaeiaei, ?aciua noi?iiu aeooiaiie aeecie, e a nayce n
yoei ianoi oaeaea ?aciua oi?iu iauaiey.

Iaeiaei yoe ?aciua oi?iu iauaiey a ioiioaiee ycuea e a naiii ycuea
?acaeaeeoue o?oaeii. A naii iacia/aiee eae n?aaenoaa iauaiey
/eiiioieeaoeaiie ooieoeee/ ycue neoaeeo ia oieueei aeey au?aaeaiey
iunee, ii e aeey au?aaeaiey /oanoa, oi anoue eiae/aneiai iuoeaiey,
eioi?ia naycaii yiioeeiiaeueiie //oanoaaiiie/ ?aaeoeeae /aeiaaea.

Niaeanii aeiioaca I.I, Aiiniaa, ia?aaioea eioi?iaoeee a iicao /aeiaaea
inouanoaeyaony eae acaeiiaeaenoaea aeaoo i?ia?aii: eioaeeaeooaeueiie e
yiioeeiiaeueiie, i?e/ai o ?aciuo ethaeae i?aiaeaaeaiea eaeie-oi iaeiie
ec ieo iaae ae?oaie /niauaiea aeoeaioia/ anaaaea i?enoonoaoao, ii oaeia
«niauaiea aeoeaioia» ia yaeyaony «ioeeiiaieai ii?iu», a yoii anoue
au?aaeaiea iaiaeiie?aoiinoe, ?aciinoe /aeiaa/aneeo ee/iinoae. A ianniaie
eiiioieeaoeee yoi aucuaaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue o/eouaaoue iaa yoe i?ia?aiiu
e ?ann/eouaaoue ia ieo. Oi anoue aacaoiue ycue, oaenoiaia niaea?aeaiea
aacaou aeieaeai auoue i?eiaaeeaaeiinoueth anao ethaeae /1, n.66/.

Aacaoiay eioi?iaoeey eae e ?aaeei- e oaeaeioi?iaoeey/ yaeyaony
yooaeoeaiui n?aaenoaii oaaaeaeaiey, a eioi?ie niiauaiea naaaeaiee e
cia/aiee niauoee neoaeeo i?aaeaea anaai n?aaenoaii aicaeaenoaey. E
caeanue n naiiai ia/aea i?aaeiieaaaaony niaiauaiea eioaeeaeooaeueiiai e
yiioeeiiaeueiiai ia?aca aacaoiiai ycuea. Oaaaeaeathuay e i?aaiecothuay
eioi?iaoeey aeieaeia auoue yiioeeiiaeueii ca?aaeathuae, a ia oieueei
iiaanoaiaaoaeueiie, niiauathuae. ?ieue yiioeee eae n?aaenoaa
aicaeaenoaey iniaaiii i/aaeaeia a iiiaiou iauanoaaiiie iaieee, aniuoae
noeoeeiie iaiaaenoe e o.i. Aacaoiay eiiioieeaoeey i?aaenoaaeyao a yoii
niunea iaeaieaa i?yiieeiaeiui niaiauaieai yiioeeiiaeueiiai ca?aaeaiey e
eioaeeaeooaeueiiai oaaaeaeaiey.

A ee/iii iauaiee ethaeae aaaeia e ?aaeoeey neooaoaey ia ?a/ue aiai?yuaai
/aunooiathuaai n niiauaieai/, e iineaaeothuea aeaenoaey aiai?yuaai. Aai
iineaaeothuea aeaenoaey yaeythony aica?aoiie ?aaeoeeae ia aucaaiioth ei
o neooaoaey ?aaeoeeth. A a?oiiiaie eiiioieeaoeee – iauaiea aiai?yuaai n
a?oiiie ethaeae, iaaethaeaaony ia i?inoi ia?aiaia ?ieae aiai?yuaai e
neooaoaey, a ia?aiaia nioeeaeueiuo ?ieae: i?aaeoaaaeuaay eiie?aoioth
iiceoeeth neooaoaey, aiai?yuee niiinoaaeyao aa ni naiae e auyaeaiiaie
i?aaeaea iiaieyie ethaeae aeaiiie a?oiiu. A oiaea iauae aeecie /eaiu
a?oiiu ii-?aciiio aini?eieiatho eioi?iaoeeiiiia niaea?aeaiea, e yoi
ianoiyoaeuenoai iicaieyao iaiyoue no?oeoo?o a?oiiu ii aini?eyoeth
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai niiauaiey, e a eiia/iii n/aoa eioi?iaoeeiiiia
niaea?aeaiea noaiiaeony iauei i?eiyoui anae a?oiiie ethaeae. Ae?oaeie
neiaaie, a a?oiia niaianoii aeeaoueo ethaeae iaeei eee ianeieueei
niaeaniuo ae?oa n ae?oaii ethaeae a oiaea ianoaeaeaiey, iaiaia iiaieyie
/oi/ea c?aiey/ iiaoo neeie oaaaeaeaiey e aeieacaoaeuenoaaie naeaeaoue
eioi?iaoeeiiiia niiauaiea iauei aini?eiyoui, iauei cia/aieai aeey anao
/eaiia a?oiiu.

A ianniaie eiiioieeaoeee iaiyaony /noaiiayony ae?oaeie/ iieiaeaiea
nioeeaeueiie no?oeoo?u e aianoa n iae oei iin?aaeie/anoaa. Anee a
ia?niiaeueiie, ee/iie, e a?oiiiaie eiiioieeaoeee ioaeaeueiua eeoea
iauathony iin?aaenoaii no?oeoo? /?ieae, iiceoeee, ii?i/, oi ooo
iauathony nioeeaeueiua no?oeoo?u /i?aaiecaoeee, o/?aaeaeaiey,
nioeeaeueiua a?oiiu/ iin?aaenoaii eiie?aoiuo ethaeae. Iaaeaeo aaoi?aie
eioi?iaoeee e iieo/aoaeyie eioi?iaoeee nouanoaoao ioaeaeaiiinoue a
i?ino?ainoaa e a?aiaie. Eieoeeaoi? /aaoi? eieae/ ieeiaaea ia ia?auaaony
e eiie?aoiiio eeoeo, ii eeoue e eo iiiaeanoao. ?iee aaoi?a eioi?iaoeee e
iieo/aoaey aa iinoiyiii ?acaeaeaiu, e niiauaiea aunooiaao
iaeiiiai?aaeaiiui, a ia?aoiua ?aaeoeee, anee iie inouanoaeythony eee
iiaoo inouanoaeyoueny, inoathony aia eiiioieeaoeaiiai /eioi?iaoeeiiiiai/
i?ioeanna. Eiuie neiaaie, a oneiaeyo ianniaie eiiioieeaoeee iao e ia
iiaeao auoue «ia?aiaiu ?ieae». Oi anoue iiyoaiiiai ooi/iaiey niunea e
aeinoeaeaiey niaeaney, eae yoi eiaao ianoi a ee/iii iauaiee ethaeae e a
a?oiiiaie eiiioieeaoeee.

Iaeiaei iu aeieaeiu caiaoeoue, /oi oaeia oai?aoe/aneea iniiau ianniaie
eiiioieeaoeee, eioi?ua iai aeinooiii auei aini?iecaanoe caeanue, neeoeii
eaoaai?e/iu e iaeiicia/iu. Ii/aio a niiauanoaa ethaeae, /eoaoaeae aacaou
– iio?aaeoaeae eioi?iaoeee, ia iiaeao auoue «ia?aiaiu ?ieae»? A
oai?aoe/aneeo «oeiaeaieyo» ia i?eieiaaony aiciiaeiia oe?ieia o/anoea
iai?ioanneiiaeueiuo «eieoeeaoi?ia» eiiioieeaoeee a ia?aaioaiiie nayce n
i?ioanneiiaeueiuie «eieoeeaoi?aie», eiaaea i?ino?ainoaaiiay
ioaeaeaiiinoue iaaeaeo ieie ia eiaao iniaiai cia/aiey eee iiaeao
ionoonoaiaaoue, a a?aiaiiia io/oaeaeaiea a oaeoe/aneii niunea, oi anoue
ai a?aiy iaaeaeo iiaeaioiaeie /e ioi?ieaieai/ eioi?iaoeee e aa
iieo/aoaeai /a ia?aca aacaou/ iiaeao noaoue eoaea iaiaa aaaeiui, /ai
oneeaiea «caaea?aeaaoaeny» ia?aoiie nayce. Oi?iaie oaeie
«caaea?aeaaoaeny» ia?aoiie nayce iiaoo auoue /eoaoaeueneea eiioa?aioeee,
iiioey?iua aeai?u a aacaoa oeia «ienueii iicaaei a aei?iao»,
«eiiaiaee?iaea ii i?inueaa /eoaoaey» e o.i.

A oii. *oi ?ieue ycuea /ycueiaie oaoieee/ yaeyaony /anoueth nioeeaeueiie
no?oeoo?u /aeiaa/aneiai iauanoaa – a yoii o/aiua-oai?aoeee ianniaie
eiiioieeaoeee aaeeiu. Eaeao ee ?a/ue i ia/aoiii neiaa eee onoiii
aunooieaiee «iaaeeeiiai» aeeeoi?a ?aaeei e c?eiii ia ye?aia
oaeaaaaeouaai eioi?iaoeeiiiie ia?aaea/e. Oi?ioee?iaaiea oaenoa –
aeaeeeaoiay e aaaeiay iia?aoeey, e iia naiaeeony e oiaeiio
eniieueciaaieth ycuea aeey aicaeaenoaey ia /oanoaa, aeaeaiey,
aiia?aaeaiea /eoaoaey. E caeanue i/aiue aaaeai niioaaonoaothuee ioai?
neia: io oiai, eaeia neiai auae?aao aeo?iaeeno aeey iaicia/aiey
ii?aaeaeaiiie aaue, i/aiue /anoi caaeneo aai ?aoaiea a iieueco oiai eee
eiiai ithaina, iooaiea auneacuaaiey.

*a?aaeiaaiea au?aceoaeueiuo, yiioeeiiaeueiuo e noaiaea?oiuo au?aaeaiee
ia ei?ioeeo io?aceao oaenoa eee ia i?ioyaeaiee anae eiiiiceoeee oaenoa,
eo ia?aieaoaiea n niaea?aeaieai iauaeoa – ai oi, /oi iaania/eaaao
iaaeaaeiinoue aacaoiiai ycuea a ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee.

Eaaeaeia n?aaenoai eioi?iaoeee ieacuaaao ?acee/iia aicaeaenoaea ia
i?aaiu /oanoa e o?aaoao «naiaai» noeey e oi?iu. Ia/aoiia neiai. Eieaa
aeaao iaeneiaeueioth eioi?iaoeeth e ia inoaaeyao ianoa aeiiuneai.
Oaeaaeaeaiea aea i?aaeeaaaao ?ane?uoea aeeciaiiie neooaoeee, i?aaeeaaaao
«i?aaaeo» i aeecie, eioi?ay aini?eieiaaony iin?aaenoaii aeoeaiiai
o/anoey anao /oanoa n?aco, e «aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue» oaeaaeaeaiey
oi?ie?oaony yiioeeiiaeueiuie eaae?aie. Iieacuaaaiua a ?aii?oaaeao
niauoey eiioeaio?e?otho aieiaiea oaeac?eoaeae ia oie noi?iia niauoey,
eioi?oth ?aii?oa? ioeaieaaao niia?acii nianoaaiiie a?aaeaeaineie
iiceoeee eee niia?acii naiae i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe e oiio eee eiiio
oaeaaeceiiiiio eaiaeo.

Niioiioaieai yiioeeiiaeueiiai aicaeaenoaey e eioi?ie?othuaai ia/aea
nicaeaaony e aacaoiay eiiioieeaoeey. Eioa?ania oaeay oeeoaoa ec /1,
n.72/:

«?aeeaiiua iauyaeaiey – eo/oee ?acaeae ethaiai aeo?iaea eee aacaou. Ia
ni/eiaiea ?aeeaiu cao?a/eaaaony ai?acaei aieueoa auaeoiee,
ecia?aoaoaeueiinoe, ino?ioiey e eneonnoaa, /ai ia ethaoth noaoueth.
?aeeaia – yoi iiainoue. Oycaeiinoue aa a oii, /oi yoi anaaaea oi?ioea
iiainoe. Aeey oiai /oiau naaeaine?iaaoue yooaeo e i?eaeaoue oi?iooth
iiainoue. Iaaei ?aniieaaaoue e iannie neaa?iuo iiainoae. Aieaa oiai,
aacaoa – «ai?y/aa n?aaenoai». Iia aeieaeia ioaeeeiaaoue ieioea iiainoe
?aaee eioaineaiinoe, /eoaoaeueneiai nio/anoey a iae. Ianoiyuay iiainoue
– yoi ieioay iiainoue. Ii eiio?anoo n iae, iauyaeaiey /a ?aeeaia/
aeieaeiu aue?eeeaaoue naie ?iaenoaaiiua ecaanoey a?iiei e ynii, /oiau
n?aaiyoueny a neea i?iieeiiaaiey n iiainoueth neaa?iie». Iieo/aaony, /oi
ethaee caeioa?aniaaiiua ia a enoeia, a a oii, /oiau eoi-oi ea?ae ia eo
/oanoaao, ia eo iuouaieyo.

«Oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa ii?aaeaeytho nooue eioi?iaoeee». Oaeie aoi?eci
?ani?ino?aiai e ia aacaoioth i?iaeoeoeeth, e ne?uaaao oi, /oi naie yoe
n?aaenoaa iiaoo oi?aaeyoueny eioa?anaie eeannia eee nioeeaeueiuo a?oii.
Ii aoi?eci aa?ai a oii niunea, /oi oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa ii?aaeaeytho
oi?io niiauaiey, a /a?ac iaa iiaoo aeeyoue e ia niune. Ai aeanoe
oaoie/aneie e ycueiaie noi?iiu eioi?iaoeee i?aaenoaaeoue, iai?eia?,
ecaeaiea aeaiiino?aioia a eaeie-eeai no?aia eae caa?noai aeanoe, e oae,
/oi ii aini?eiao oio aea nthaeao eae aua iaeei oaeo i?iyaeaiey
i?aaieciaaiiiai yeno?aiecia ethaeae, eae oaeo iinyaaoaeuenoaa ia
ni?aaaaeeeaua onoie iauanoaaiiiai ono?ienoaa.

I?aaaeeainoue eioi?iaoeee e caeeth/aaony ai ananoi?iiiai, e?eoe/aneii
iniuneaiee aeaiiino?e?oaiiai niauoey. Eae naeaeaoaeue niauoey, oaea- eee
?aaeei?aii?oa? iiaeao aeoeaioe?iaaoue aieiaiey c?eoaeae /neooaoaeae/ ia
oaeoa ia?ana/aiey iaaeicaieaiiiai aeaenoaey aeaiiino?aioa, iieacuaay
/?anneacuaay/ ecaeaiea aai iieeoeaeneei, ii oionoea nouanoaaiiia – oaeo
iaiaaeaiey aeaiiino?aioa ia iieeoeaeneiai n i?oaeeai a ?oeao. Aacaoiia
neiai, aacaoiay eioi?iaoeey yaeyaony aieaa nin?aaeioi/aiiie ia
io?aaeaiee iieiie ea?oeiu niauoey, ananoi?iiia aiaeeoe/aneie aeey
enoeiiiai aini?eyoey /eoaoaeai i niauoee.

Auoa i?eaaaeaiiua eioi?iaoeeiiiua i?eia?u, ioia?aaeaaiua ?aciuie
n?aaenoaaie ianniaie eioi?iaoeee, nii?iaiaeaeatho, iaiiiiei,
i?eaaaeaiioth auoa oeeoaoo /1, n.72/. Yoa oeeoaoa ia niioaaonoaoao
oai?eyi, eioi?ua oniao?eaatho noaiaea?oiia, ooaiiiaia niaea?aeaiea
ianniaie eiiioieeaoeee, eiaaea noaiaea?o auaeaeaaaony aia?aae e
n/eoaaony aaeeinoaaiii niioaaonoaothuai ianniaie eiiioieeaoeee, eae a
iacaaii oeeoaoa – yiioeeiiaeueiay yeni?anney //oanoaeoaeueiinoue/.

Ii iiaieth o?aioeocneeo o/aiuo ii eco/aieth ianniaie eiiioieeaoeee
aacaoiay eiiioieeaoeey ni anae iniaaiiinoueth e iaecaaaeiinoueth
i?aaeii?aaeaeyao noaiaea?o eae iaycaoaeueioth /a?oo yoiai eaiaea
eioi?iaoeee. Eiaiii noaiaea?o, ooaiiiaaiiinoue aacaoiie ?a/e aunooiaao
iniiaiui oneiaeai oeaeaniia?aciiai i?eiaiaiey ycuea a aacaoa /1, n.73/.
Noaiaea?o iaania/eaaao iaaeaaeiinoue ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee i?e ianniaie,
?acii?iaeiie aoaeeoi?ee, iicaieyao iia?aoeaii e a?aiioii ienaoue aacaoo,
auno?i e eaaei aa /eoaoue.

Iiae aicaeaenoaeai no?aieaiey e ianniainoe a aacaoa aioea?yaony
oaiaoe/aneia noaiaea?oiia niaea?aeaiea, ?ac?ooaaony eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoue
oaiu e i?aaeiaoa. Noaiaea?oecaoeey caoaaouaaao aanue i?ioeann e caiaiyao
oai?/aneoth ?aaioo a noa?a aacaoiie eiiioieeaoeee.

A niioaaonoaea n yoei iiiaea aeayoaee ieooo i e?ecena eoeueoo?u, i
i?aa?auaiee oai?/anoaa a oiaa? ooaiiiaaiiiai oe?iio?aaa, ia ioaea/aiee
io enoeiiuo i?iaeai, i noaiaea?oecaoeee ia oieueei ycuea aacaou, ii e
noaiaea?oecaoeee naieo iio?aaiinoae, aeonia, acaeyaeia. «Niaei iaiyeoa
ii?yaeie neia a ethaie o?aca:… «ia ethaee iieoiatho aaue, a aaue
iieoiatho ethaeae; ia iu aeeaai naith aeeciue, a aeeciue aeeaao iaie; ia
iu /eoaai eieae, a eieae /eoatho ian; ia ethaee oi?aaeytho aeaeaie, a
aeaea oi?aaeytho ethaeueie… Ethaee aeeaoo e ?aaioatho oieueei aeey oiai,
/oiau iieoiaoue aaue, e oeaia /aeiaaea ecia?yaony oai, n eaeie
nei?inoueth ii iio?aaeyao yoe aaue» – oae iienuaaaony oi?ioea ianniaie
eoeueoo?u a naaiaeiyoiae Eoaeee /1, n73/.

A oaeii eceiaeaiee e i?aaenoaaeaiee ianniaie eiiioieeaoeee aacao/eeo
/anoi, a nouiinoe, ia i /ai ienaoue, ii ii auioaeaeai yoi aeaeaoue ii ia
aeey oiai, /oiau i /ai-oi niiaueoue, a aeey oiai, /oiau i?iaeieaeaoue
iaiineoue /a?iia ia aaeia /1, n.74/. Oi i /ai ia aiai?yo, neiaii e aiana
ia nouanoaoao ia naaoa. Oi, i /ai neacaii – nouanoaoao. On?aaeiaiiay
noaiaea?oeciaaiiay eioi?iaoeey i?aiyonoaoao naiinoiyoaeueiiio
iniuneaieth i?ienoiaeyuaai, aeaeaao ciaiea i i?ienoiaeyuai
iiaa?oiinoiui. Ianniaay eiiioieeaoeey a oaeii eniieiaiee aunooiaao eae
iiiaoa aeey aeoaieeo e iaoi?iieeauo ?acaeoiee.

«*aeiaaeo. Caieiathuaiony ionoie aieoiaiae, e aeo?iaeenoo, eioi?iio a
nouiinoue ia i /ai ienaoue, niaa?oaiii aac?acee/ii, eaeeie neiaaie iie
iieuecothony. A ?acoeueoaoa e oio, e ae?oaie anei?a caauaatho e ia
enoeiiii cia/aiee oiai eee eiiai neiaa, e i oi/iinoe a?aiiaoe/aneeo
ioiioaiee. Naie oiai ia iiaeic?aaay, iie ia/eiatho aiai?eoue e ienaoue
iieiaeooth /aiooo» /1, n.75/.

Anee aeo?iaeeno iionoioaao neiaa e iiiyoey, a oi aua e caieiaaony
i?acaeiui neiaii?aieai, oi i?e/eiie yoiio ia naia ianniaay eiiioieeaoeey
e ia naienoaaiiay ae noaiaea?oecaoeey au?aceoaeueiuo n?aaenoa, aeey
aacaou – ia/aoiiai neiaa. Ianniaue iio?aaeoaeue iiaeao canoaaeoue
ooaeiaeieea aiai?eoue aieaa aeeaui ycueii e aieaa aeoeaii o/anoaiaaoue a
iauaiee aeecie naiaai a?aiaie.

Iu iieaaaai aeinoaoi/iui iaoa?eaeii i niaoeeoeea aacaoiiai ycuea, aaea
ii-?aciiio ioeaieaaaiua o/aiuie ioa/anoaaiiuie e ca?oaaaeiuie, aeaaieie
e iaaeaaieie a ioiioaiee e ianoiyuaio a?aiaie, onoie/eai i?enoonoaotho
aeaa aeaea, eee eae eo ii?aaeaeytho, naaiaioa aacaoiiai ycuea:
noaiaea?oeciaaiiue, ooaiiiaue naaiaio e yiioeeiiaeueiue- yeni?anneaiue
naaiaio. Noi/ee c?aiey «neia, eioi?uie aiai?eony», aacaoioth
eiiioieeaoeeth i?e anai aa oaeoe/aneii ?aciiia?acee neaaeoao
?anniao?eaaoue eae iaai? i?ioeaiiinoaaeyaiuo, iaeeiaeiai aeaenoaaiiuo
noaiaea?oeciaaiiuo e yeni?anneaiuo naaiaioia. Nooue aacaoiie
eioi?iaoeee, yooaeoeaiie ia?aaea/e e oaaaeaeaiey eiaiii a iaeiia?aiaiiii
ia?aeeaeueiii aeaenoaee yeni?anneaiiai e ooaiiiaiai ia/ae aacaoiiai
ycuea. Aacaoiue ycue ?enoaony eae eiioeeeoiay neooaoeee, a iniiaa
eioi?ie caeiaeaia i?eioeeieaeueiay aeaienoaaiiinoue. A i?eioeeieaeueiay
aeaienoaaiiinoue – yeni?anneaiue e ooaiiiaaiiue aacaoiua ycuee a eo
?aaiii?aaee e eiioeeeoiinoe.

*a?aaeiaaiea yeni?annee e noaiaea?oa, aunooiay iniiaiui naienoaii
aacaoiiai ycuea, iaania/eaaao iaaeaaeiia aeiianaiea aei /eoaoaey
niaea?aeaoaeueiie eioi?iaoeee n aa aoaeie/iinoueth, aeaeiaeoinoueth,
yiioeeiiaeueiinoueth, e nainaoeeiiiinoueth.

Ii i?e yoii aaaeii iiiooiia, ii i?eioeeieaeueiia caia/aiea ii iiaiaeo
eiioeaio?aoeee aieiaiey ia ycuea eae ia oi?ia ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee. A
oeaio?a anaai, eiia/ii, iaoiaeeony naiia niaea?aeaiea, aai
aeooaeueiinoue, i?aaaeeainoue eioi?iaoeee.

CAEETH*AIEA

Ia anai iaaieueoii i?ioyaeaiee iaoa?eaea ia no?aieoeao ?aoa?aoa yanoaoao
iaiaeiicia/iia, noauaeoeaii eceaaaaiay iauaeoeaiay i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue
aacaoiiai ycuea «iauaio» ycueo, oieueei «niaoeeoe/anee i?ee?aieaiiiai» e
n?aaenoao ianniaie eiiioieeaoeee, ia?eiaee/aneiio ecaeaieth – aacaoa.
Noauaeoeaii eceiaeaiea au?aaeaaony a iaiaeeiaeiaii i?aaenoaaeaiee e
au?aaeaiee ioaeaeueiuo o/aiuo-niaoeeaeenoia /ycueiaaaeia/ aacaoiiai
ycuea eae ninoaaeaiey aeaoo naaiaioia: yeni?anneaiiai /yiioeeiiaeueii
aicaoaeaeathuaai/ e noaiaea?oeciaaiiiai /ooaiiiaiai ninoaaa neiaaniuo
au?aaeaiee/. Aaea aeoeaioe?oaony aieiaiea ia ia?aue, yeni?anneaiue,
naaiaio, aaea – ia ooaiiiaue, a o?aoueai neo/aa ooaa?aeaeaaony ia
iauaeoeaiii aaeeinoaa e eiioeeeoiinoe iaieo.

I?eaaaeai oeeoaoo, oaeno eioi?ie aeinooiai iiieiaieth «i?inoiai»
/eoaoaey, aiiaua a?aiioiiai /aeiaaea.

«Iaicia/aiea «aacaoiue ycue» oiio?aaeyaony… ia eae oa?iei e ia a niunea
naiinoiyoaeueiie nenoaiu, i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiiie nenoaiai ycuea»
ooaeiaeanoaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u, ?acaiai?iiio «ycueo» e o.i. Iiae «aacaoiui
ycueii»… iiieiathony ana oa iaoa?eaeu – ?aciiia?aciua ii noeeenoe/aneie
iai?aaeaiiinoe e aeaaea ii naiaio ioiioaieth e «ii?ia», eioi?ua
iauaaeeiythony aacaoiie iieinie eae aeieoiaioii, iai?aaeythuei e
ianniaiio /eoaoaeth niiauaiey ii niaea?aeaieth iiaua, ii ii oi?ia
iauaaeinooiiua…» /1, n.247/.

Ii oaeay ioeaiea e oa?aeoa?enoeea «aacaoiiai ycuea» ia oi/ia, ia
en/a?iuaaao aai naienoaa.

«… ia oaeo ioaeeeaoeee ia iaeiii eenoa aoiaae e aeaaea ia
iieea?aoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe aeaeatho aacaoiua oaenou iauaaeinooiiuie e
iai?aaeythueie e ianniaiio /eoaoaeth… eioi?iaoeeth, a inouanoaeaiea ai
anao ieo aaeeiiai i?eioeeia aacaoii-ycueiaie eiino?oeoeee, eae ?ac e
i?aa?auaiea eo a naiinoiyoaeueioth… nenoaio, i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiioth
ooaeiaeanoaaiiiio ycueo» /1, n.247/.

Aiciiaeii, /oi e iineaaeiaa caeeth/aiea ia noaiao aaniethoii oi/iui,
oioy noauaeoeaiia oaaaeaeaiea aaoi?a au?aaeaao naia ioiioaiea eae
i?ioanneiiaea-ycueiaaaea e aacaoiiio ycueo niaa?oaiiui, aac eaeiai-eeai
niiiaiey a iia?aoiinoe caeeth/aiey.

Iu iieaaaai, /oi «oe?ieiio», ianniaiio /eoaoaeth eioa?ania «eioa?aniay»
aacaoa n i?aaeinoaaeyaiie ia aa no?aieoeao aeaeaiiie eioi?iaoeeae a
ethaii aeai?a. Ii iiaeao nienoiaeeoaeueii , i?aiaa?aaeeoaeueii
ioianoenue e iioeie, aoeueaa?iie caiaoea, ii n oaaaeaieai e iaeia?aieai
ioianaony e a?aiioii e yiioeeiiaeueii eceiaeaiiiio iaoa?eaeo a oie aea
aacaoa.

Noaouey ioaeeoeenoe/aneiai niaea?aeaiey iaeiei /eoaoaeai aoaeao i?eiyoa
n iai?yaeaieai oia, ii aac aieiaiey iniaiai ia neiaaniua iai?iou;
ae?oaie /eoaoaeue, i?aaeaea anaai, oniiieony a i?ioanneiiaeueiii o?iaia
aeo?iaeenoa ec-ca iai?aaeeueiiai, ia aai acaeyae, au?aaeaiey iuneae e
ionoonoaey «eiioeeeoiinoe» aeaoo «naaiaioia» a aacaoiii oaenoa. Ia?aue
/oe?ieee/ /eoaoaeue ia ciaao i oaeeo «naaiaioao», ii aeiaieuenoaoaony
iieo/aiiie eioi?iaoeeae, aoi?ie /niaoeeaeeno/ eioi?iaoeeth ni/oao
iaea/anoaaiiie ii eaiiiai aacaoiiai ycuea.

I?eaaaeai aua iaeio oeeoaoo ec eieae /1, n.248/: «… n?aaieoaeueii n
ae?oaeie eeoa?aoo?ii-yueiaui iaoa?eaeii aacaoiue ycue ia?auai e
ianniaiio /eoaoaeth e a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie i?eaioe?iaai ia aai
?a/aaua iaauee, i/aiue i?iieoeaai… oi, /oi oa?aeoa?ii aeey
iai?eioaeaeaiiiai noeey ienueia, oaeueaoiia, caiaoee ?aaei?a, eeoue a
ioaeaeueiuo neo/ayo … iiaeao i?iieeiooue a ioeoeeaeueiue aeieoiaio,
eioi?iaoeeiiiia niiauaiea eee e?eoe/aneoth noaoueth. Ii oaeea
i?iieeiiaaiey… noaiiayony ana aieaa iau/iuie, ana iaiueoa, ii-aeaeeiiio,
?aaeoo neoo oao, eoi aeieaeai neaaeeoue ca niaethaeaieai eeoa?aoo?iie
ii?iu ycuea ia no?aieoeao aacaou… Iiaua yaeaiey i?iieeatho a ?aciua
aeai?u aacaou; yoi e anoue oi, /oi iicaieyao eco/eoue aacaoiue ycue eae
ia/oi oeaeia…».

Iaaiciiaeii i?aaenoaaeoue naaa aacaoo a iuiaoiai iiieiaiee yoiai neiaa
ninoaaeaiiie ec iaeieo aacaoiuo aeai?ia – oieueei ec ia?aaeiaeoe,
oaeaa?aii, ?aii?oaaeae e oaeueaoiiia.

Ii iaeuecy ia i?eciaoue oiai oaeoa, /oi i?e yoii aacaoiue ycue i?aaeaea
anaai anoue i?aaeiao i?ioanneiiaeia, e /ai eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiaa, /ai aieaa
aeinooiai ii ianniaiio /eoaoaeth, oai aieaa aoaea ninoaaeyoue naiaio
iacia/aieth eae iineoaeue eioi?iaoeee ethaiai aeai?a.

NIENIE EEOA?AOO?U

1. A.A. Einoiia?ia «?onneee ycue ia aacaoiie iieina». – I., 1971.

2. A.A. Einoiia?ia «sscueiaie aeon yiioe». – I., 1994

3. Aeaee O.A «sscue. Iiciaiea. Eiiioieeaoeey». – I., 1989

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