.

Этика журналиста

Язык: русский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 1334
Скачать документ

I?????i ?????y ?????e O????

A???? ???????e ?????o

I?IOANNEIIAEUeIAss YOEEA AEO?IAEENOA

(???o)

I???e:

I??a:

Ae?a:

AA?IAOE 2006

NIAeA?AEAIEA:

A???a

A?? 1 I???????y y?? e ???????ay ???

A?? 2 E??a a ?????ea

A?? 4 I??ey ????oa e ????ay ??? ?????

A?? 5 E???? ????? e ??? ? ????y

A?? 6 N???ay y?? ?????

C?eth??a

A???????? n??e

A???a:

I??, ?o?th?y ??a?????th ????o ???, ????ny ???????? y??e. I???ey ?????y?
??i ????? e, ??a ??, ??y? ?o a ?y???? ???ue ? ??e ???? ????e ????e ?ae
?ae y??ey?, ????th?? ?????? ?oa?n. N? ???n ??????? ??a, a ???a, ?i
????o, ?e ?e ??a, ????atho ???? ???. A?? ?? e ??? ???, ?????a ?? ????? e
??? ???, ??? ????y ??y ?e ??????? ?o??e, ?? ????? ???a? – a ??? ? y?o
«???????? ?a??e ?y???? ?iy?y?ny e ????a ?????a e ?i, i ?i e ?y ?? ? ??o.
O?? ???i, ????a ????y ???? a ????? ?i ???, a ?? ?a ? ??? e ? ??a ????o
?e ?????ay ? ??? ????? ?y????ue. I?th? e ???? ??????ue ??????y ???
???????? ???, ??????th?e ????a ?????? ?????i ???ey. Aa ???ay ???y ???o a
?i, ??u ??????ue ???? ??o?y e ??oaey, ?y??ue ????a?y ??o ??y ???
?y????e, ? ???o ?????ny ??????, ? ????ue ????a ??o ?????ueth ????e a
?a??? ????? e ???? ?????y ? ?a ????? ????i. A eth?i ???aa y? – ???e
e????n, ? a ?i ??? ?? ???a, ???th ??cy ????? – ???. O? a ?i ? ?a – ?? ?a
??? ?iy?y?ny, y?? ????y ?????? ?????? Ii ????th e ?? ?e e ?? ??? ?? y??i
????o? E?? ??? ???u ??? e ??????? ? ??? ??th??? E ? ?? ?? Y??u ? ?????
??? ?e ?? ????y ? ???????o ??th??y, ??o – ?? ??? A?ue ? ??o ? ?a y?
???u?

A?? 1. I???e???ay y?? e ???????ay ??? a ??????.

AE?????ay y?? – yo?a ?o, ?i ????ny ???????e ??n??e a ??e ????????
?y????e, ???y ?????o ?o ?e ?? ?? ?u?????e; a ???i ??? e y?e ??a ?????o
?e ? ???? e ?????? ??? n ?????? ????, ?????th?o ??? ?????a ?e ????.

I???????y ??? ????ey? ??e ??????th ??o ?? ??????? ??????i e ?????yi ??
?e ??i ?aea ?y????e. Iiy?? eth?y ??a?????y y?? ??? ??? ???o ????? ???y
????? ??o ?????? ????? a ?????e ? ?????y ????? ?? ??????y ?e ?e ??
????e.

E? ???? ???????ay ??? ????? ????a ????a a ?o??i ????. I? ?i ?i ?? e
????? ?i ?y????e ?iyth?y ??? n ??a??? ??a, ??? – ?????i ????i e ??????e
?????e ????, ?? ??e ?o e ?????, ????y?a y??i?. Ai – ???, y? ?y???? ?
?i??eth e ??? ????o ????, ? – ???, e ??? ?i ????? e a – ???o, ??th??y
??????ey n ????i a ??i. I?????a ??o?ey ??? ?? ?????tho a eth?e ?o??e
?y????e, ??th ? ???????oth ??o ?a ? ?e??? e a ??o ? ????? ???yo ? ????a.
I? ???tho ??? ??, ?i ??y? ????? ?iy?? «???ay ???». I???y? ??? ???????oth
???, ????ey ???? ??? ????atho ??e ???. I???????a ????? o?? ??o e ?
?????e. O?? ???i, ??? ???ay ???????ny a ??? ??????ue?th.

I????, ?y ???o ?????? ??o?ey ??yo a ?? ??ue ???? ?y????e, ???i. A ????yo
??? ?? i???? ??? ????ny ?y ?????a ??iy?? ????i, a ???a ???????a ????
????atho ???? ????. E ??e ? ??o ????e y?y?ny ??????. Aa ???i ????i ????y
y?y?ny: ???? e ????? ??????ue ??o?y i ???o ???yo.

AE?????a e ??? ??i ?y??. I??? ??? ??o ?y?e:

1 AE?????? ????? a ?? ???i ??? ??????y a ?? ?????? ??? y?y?ny ?n???
????e ????e ? ?????i ?e??a ????a; ??????i, ?i ??n?????i ?eth?? a ????a
????y ???? a ???? ? ????.

2 A ??o ?o???o ????? ?????tho i ??? ????, i ????o ???eyo e ????yo, ???,
??? e ????a ????y ???? y?yth?y ????i ????y ?????ee.

3 AE????u ?i????otho a ??? ?????? ??? ????, ??ey???tho ?i ????a ???? e
y???? ??????, ???y ??????o ?????th ????; ??i ???i, ?????? ????o a ????
?????a ???.

4 I?e ?a?a ?????o y??? ???????? ???e?u – ????e ???a, ??aeyo ? ?????i?
??a ??????, ? ?o ????a ???????, ???a ????? ????; ???a???, a ?????? ???
?????ny ?e ???????? «??????? ?????.

5 I????? ?y??ay n ???th, ?????? ?????y «???????? a ???a ????ey?e ???a???
????a. A??a n ?i ?a ?eth?ia a ??? ????ey.

E? a?? ??o ???? e ???????? ???th a?ue ?????? ???ey. O???y ??? ???? ?
?????a ???????e ????a ???? e ????. I? ??????? ????y eth?? ???? ?e ????
eth?e ?y????e e ????, e ????? ????i ???? e e ??? y?? ?ioe?? ??c ?????y
??e?? ????e. I???????y ? ??? ??????a ? ?????? ????a ???????? ??? e ????.
I? ??????? ????a a ???? ??a ???? ????? ?y????e ? ??? ?????, ?i??e?y a
???????? ???? ????? ???.

E?e, ???????ay ??? ? ???y ? ????? ????? ??????. Y? ? ? ?ae ??. C?i ?a
??o ???: ???? ?????u, ??????ue ???? ???? ????? e eth?e, n ????e ?
?????ny. I?th? ? ???ao ??a ?iy?a ?e ??. Ae?a – ???? ?iy?a a ????????
???. *??? ??a ????? ???????ue ????? ??ae ????i, a ??? – ??ae ????i,
????, eth??, ?? ??????ey ??aa??? ???o a ????e ??a??e ????? e ???? ????o.

A????? ?ey? ?e y?i ? ??? eth?e ????? o ????? ???i ????? ???????e. AE????
?????? ? ??? ??ae ????i a ??i, a e?a ?i ???????o ?????. N?? ???e ?i ??y,
???i, ????. Ii ??e, eth?, ??????? ????eth, ???e ?? ??? ???? ????? e ???.

A ?y????e ????? ???????ay ??? ?????? ? ??? a ???? ??ey?? ?i ????y. I?
???? ?o ???????ny ? ??a ????, e? ??? e ???????, ????? ?????a ??? ???ey
??????o ??o, ?? ?th/ e ????th ???i ????.

I???? a ?????? ?????? ?i??u ?eth?? a ?? ??ue ?y????e, ???????ay ???
??iy?i ????o ????? e ????? e ????? ? ????. A a ??i ?a ????ey? ??e ???,
???? ?????? ??? ???ey ??e e ????ey ???????? ?y????e.

A ???? ???????i – ?a????a ???? e ??u ????y ?????i ????? ???? ?????a a
???a ???????? y??, ??y?i ? E???na ?????a ???e 23 ethiy 1994 ?? a I??a.
E??i ?????? ??? ???????? ??u ???e?? ???? ????ea ?i ?????. I? – ???
??????e ???????? ???.

N y??e e ???th a ?????? ?a y?i. O??ue ????i ?????y a ????o ? ?iy??eyo.

A?? 2. E??a a ??????.

E????y – y? ???, o ???? ?? ?????ue. A ????a n ??a???i ????? y?y?ny ????i
??e i???????o ?y?e ?????. E???, ??yo? ? ??? ???o, ??otho ? ????oa
??????e ???y? ???? ?? e ??? i ?i, ?i ?????e. Y?i ?????i ???????ay ???
?y??? ???o ???i ????ny n ???????e ????y? ??????? ?y????e, a a ????a
??th?? ?????ue a ?????e ???ey ???iy???, ?c ????e ? ???u ?????y a ????o
?a?yo, i ???o ???? ???.

I????? ? ?? ??????o ???ao ?????ue e ??????ue ????eytho ???? ????????
??????. Y? ???iu ???tho ?e ? ??a ?e ??a ?o??oth ?????o. I????? ?????y
??? ???? ??yo a ?????ue ? ???? e ???u ????? i ????????. ???????ay ???
?y??? ???e?a ???? ??u, ???yy ? ????e ??e, ???ay ????a ?y? ??o ???y? e ?
???ay ?e y?i en???e. Y? ?????? ?????oth ???? ???, ??? ???????a ????
?????o ? ??????? e ??? ?o???a, ?????? ????? ???, ????a ??? ? ??ey.
I??????ue ??? i???ue ? ??? ????? ?????, ???yth?? ? ?????? ???, ?y?? e
???? ????? ??????a i ???o ????? ????o, ? ? ??????e, ???? e ????, i ????e
?e a ?????i ??. I???e ??e??? ????y e ???i ??????e. Aai ??otho ?e
????????ue, ?i??cy??ue, ????????ue. Y? ??? ???i, e ????? ???? ?????
??iy?i ????ny, a ? ???y ??a. Ii ?y??? ????? ? ????ny ? ????y y??????,
???o e ????o ???an?e, ???? ????a ??e ?a?y. I????a ??? e ???????? ?ae??y,
???e e ????ey ????? ??????e ???ath?y ???????? ???th. Ii ??? ????yy
????ey ????? ? ?????ue ??o ???ue ???i ???eth, ??ue ????, ?i ?i ? ??o
???ue a ?????a.

I?????y ??? ????y ??? e ???eth ?????ny ? ????? ???eythu?, ??o ?????e
????. I? ????o e ?????? ???? ?????, e ?o?u ????, e ???, ???? ? i????y ?e
????? e ????e ????a, e ?i ???th ? ?????? ??e, e, ?i ? ??a ??i, ?????ue
??u?i ??y?? ? ?i ???n ?????e ???, ?????ue ????e ???? ?? c?eth??y e ?
???? ???e. I?? ???ey ? ??? ??????y a ??oth ???ue ????i ?????i ??e
???????e ??ae ?i e ????? ?????ue y? ???i a ????o. I???? e ethaeyi, ??
??????ey ???o ????o ???y ? ??, ?????y ??iy?ui ???? ?i ?????ey ?e a ????i
????? ??, ?e e ? ?ioy??e ?? ???????? ?y????e.

A «I?????? ????o ??????e y??», ??y?o ? 4 ???????e ???a i?????? e ??????
??????o ????oe?, ?????e a 1984 ?? a I??a e I??, ????: «I???ay ??? ???e?a
– ??????ue ethaeyi ????a ????e e ?????e ????? ?????i ???? ????y ?????e
?????».

N??e, ??a ????o ????i ???ao ??io, ???th?y ??e ???oth?? a ?? ????????e
????e ????? ? ???a, ???? ???e ??o ?uy??ue ????y ?e ????y. O? ? ??a, ????
????y ????yo ??i. I???a ???i?i ??i. I??ay n ???a ??? ??e??? ????eth ?
??? ?? (???? i *?????? ????), ?e ? ?i?? ? ??? ?? a ??? ?????ey ??????
???u, ????ay ????e oe???e, ???y a ?? ??y ?? ???i? ?????i ?y ??????y
????e ??i??? ????? a ????. I???? a ???? 1891 ?ae, o ??? ?? ?iy? ?????ue
???? ? ???? ???? oy??? ???ey, ??????y ? ??ae, ?y?y? ???u ??????. I??????
???yi ?? ?? ????? ???? a? in??i ? ? ????ey ni ???u ???e ?????y e
??????yi a ??? ???th?? ????y. I??ue i????ue ??? i ???o, ???o, ???eyo e
????. E ?o ??? ????o ??e e ????e: «E? ? ?e ?ith ??ue ????ue, ??u ?eoi ?
?iy?. A??i ????i ??a «??? ? ??? ?e ????y? ???? e ??? ??i «????; ???
«????? – «?????»; ??? ??a «???? – «?y???»; ??? «?????ey» – «???y?? e o.
ae. Y? ?? ??iy?i ???i y??i e ??????i ??e. Nay??ay ? ??i e ??i ??? ????a
?? ???ue ???a ???? i ??o ??? ???? ???? ??e, ? ??a ?? ?? ????? ????y
??y??y ???a e ? ??? ? ?? ??a, ? ?ay ?????e ????y a y? ???, ????ue ??o
???? e ???? ??a, ? ???? ???? ? oy??th ??ue. N ?o ?? ??? ??i ?o. AE?? ?
??o ? ??a, ?a ?? ???, ??iy? ??y?, ??iy? ????a e ??, ?i ?a ???i ????ue
?y???, ????ii???, ?????. A? ?e e ????? ?i??? e ???. E ??i ?????ny i ?i,
??u a ????o ???? ????? ??? ?? ? ??? ??a.

A? ?? ??? ???????? ???ey – y? ??? ????i ????? e ????????i ????a. O?y ?a
i???????a ???u ??y?a ?????? PR, o??tho ? ??? y?o ?????e ??? ???i ? ?????
??????oth ?? ?e ????oth ????eth, ???? ??otho y?i ????, ?e ?e ????? PR
??? ??i ?y?? ?a???y i ??? ??? ???a. ??aey ? y?? ???, ?????iy?ay ???e PR,
e ???, ?e ? ???tho ?????, ??? ? ?? e oi ?.

A?? 3. I??ey ????? e ????ay ??? ?????.

???a a ??? ???o io ???? ??iy?? ????? ???, ?i ??e ?????i ??? ?i ??ae
????? ???i. E??e ?????y? ?e?????ny ????o: ??????e ????? ?e ?th????
?????i, ???i ?e ???ueth? – ?o ????e ???, ???i ??iy?i ???ny ????ay ????
e, ???y ia ???e, ????o, ???ue ? ? a i??e ?? ????ue ?ay a y?i ????. I??
?? ????th ????ny ?????oue ??iy?i.

I???? ???e, ? ???o ???e ???o, e ???? ???e ???????y a ??yo e ????o, ???
???tho ?i ????e ????. Y? ????a ??a?? – ???????a ?????a, ???a ?????ny ?
????? ?????, ? ?i?a ???o ? ???? ????ey? ??? ???? ??e e ????o ????a,
???ey? ??th ??? ????y.

A ????e ???e ???? ??? i??ath?y y??, a ???th ? ?????y, ???? ???ue ????,
?????e ?e ???ay????e ?e ????? ???, e ???i ???e ?????o.

N??n, a ???a ? ????? ???e, ?????e ????? e ???iy??i?i ?????ey ????i ??e
????e ???e ????? ?????ue, ?oy ?????i, ?i ???u ???iy????e ????? a ?????e
???? ??e ?????? ????y ??aea ?????. I??a ??i, ???? ??? ??? e ???ey. E???,
???y ????? e ??? ???? ??? ?a???, ??? ??i, a ???i – a ????e ???? ??e
???y, ??a ??? ????? ???-???? ????ny.

A ??? ???oa ????yy ??? ? ?????th ??? ?????e ??e ??? ???ey?ny ???
???????oth ???, ?y?? ?????? ?????o ??? ????e ?y ????? ??y??ny n ??o? ?
?????? ???: «??e ?? ??? ? ???».

A ?????o ????i – ?????? ???yo ?????ay ??????i y????ay ???y – y? ???y
????ey e ????a ????a ?????? ????.

I? ??????o ????o, ????a e ??y??o ????o ???ny, ??? ??i, ???i ????i ??? n
?????a??i ?i ??i. N????e ??e ?i ?????o ?a ? ??? ???, a ??? ????y ???a.
O?? ???? ????? ????ny y???? ? ??? ?i ???i, ? e ??????i ??ey e a ? ?e ??
?? ???? ?????ey? ????a e ????o ?ny/, a ??o ?? e ????a eth?e.

I??o ?????? ?????i. O??i i??? ??o ????? ??e, i ???e au ? ??? ???. Ii
?????a ??ey e ??e, ???a ????o ????? o ??????? ????o ???? ???, a ??a ??u
?o ?y ??????i ???, ? ????, ? ?????? ???. A ???: ??e ?????? ???n ????ey?
??? y???. A ???? ??a, ?i? ??i ????i ????? ??? ????a ??? ??ci?? ?i ????a
?y ??? eth?e e ?y ???? a ??i.

N????y ??? ??o ?? y?? ?e ???e, ??????ny ?? ??c ????, a ???e ????ey
?eth??. I??i ??? ????ay ??? ??? ?e ???, a ???e ????ny ????a ??? e ????o.

E???i ???i ?y?e ????i – ??????? ?y????e ??? ????a. E ????i ??? ????
?????tho ?????? ??i e ???yo, ?a e a ?i y? ???? ???yth?y ? ???a. Iiy??
???? ??i ? ????y ?e ??? ???ey.

A??o, ?i ??a ????i ??a a ??? ???e n ???e ????? ??a ?????ny a ??? ????? e
??n??, ????o ???i ???? ?o ??ue. ??ue a ??? ??? ?? ? i ??????e ???a a ??n
??y, a ??? i ??????o «????oy?. *? ???ny ?????o ?????, ? ?e ?a?a ?ae ??
???y ????ue ?y ????? ??? a ???y??ue. *??? ??o ???? eth?th ???o, ?? ?a
?????a, ?????? e ????a.

A ?o ?? ???e??? ??? ???y?, ??????, ?ae?? ???????? ?????????th, ??a e
??ath?y n ??y? ????a ????.

A? y? ??? ?y?a e ???ey? ??th????a ???? ???????i – ?a????o ?? ???i ?y?.
I???a ??n??? ??e ?o ??oth?a:

1 C????y i ????y??e ??o ?????, ???y a ???? ???o ????? ?oe, ????y n ????
? ??o ?? ???? ????? e ???????e ??????o ??o ?e ??????e;

2 O??? ?e ???? ????. N???i ???? ????????i ??????? ???ey, ?iy?yy a ??
???y n ?i ??????, ?? e ????;

3 O??? ??i ???? ? ????????? ???e ??e, ? ???yy ?? ????y a ?a ?c ???ey
???? ??y ? ?? ??ayo, ??a ?o, ??a ??e y?y?ny ?a??? ???? e ?i ???y ??ue
??a?o ?????e ?????? ???n;

4 A?ue ??? ?????, ? ???y a ????a ??ue ??y, ??y, ?i y? – ?? ????, a ???
eth?y ???a ?????ue e? ???? ?i ??o ???? e ? o??i ???? ????y ??y n ?i
?????, ? e ??????? ??? ????? e ???? ???? ?????, a ???i ? ????;

5 A??????y a ????a ? eth?o ????????o ?i??? ?e ??e?, ????o ???ue ??y, a
???: ? ?????? ?????y ?i ??e, ???e, ???e ?i ????e; ? ????ey i ?i ?e i
?????a, ?? y? ? ?????i ??i; ? ?ae???????o ??? ? ??? ??, ???????, ??a ??,
?e??, ???? e ????? ?????a.

Ec ????y a ????a ????ny a ??????e ??a ??i ????ny ??? ??o: ?e??e ??? ????
– ??? ?i ??a? ??? ??y, a ??i ????ue ??, ?i ????ny n ?i ??y?i. A?e ?
?ae?ue ???? ?o a ??a, ???, ?a a ??y?a. A ?? ?? ???y ???e ?? ??yae, ??
?????? ??a ?????, ? ??i ??: a ?i- oi ????. E ? ?e – ? ??? ????? ??th
?????ue!

A?? 4. E???? ????? e ??? ? ????y.

*????? ??u ?y ??????e ????y «????o – ???? ?????», ????y ???i NIE ???tho
?a??y i ????y?i a ??. Ae???????ue ?y ?????, n y?e ??e ??ey, a?ue ??????
????? ?????. Eo ?? ??ue ???? e ????i ??????. N????o ?e ?? ?????, e o
???i ? ?o ?? ?????e.

I??e ?i – ???? – ?????ai ?i, ?i ? ????ey? ??e ???o ?? – ? ?y????e ?
?????a ????e ?????. Iia «????????» a ????a n ???th ?o ?e ?? ??? ? ?i ?e
?? ????a ?y ???ey e ???? ? ???e e ?i????a.

A??e ?i – ????i – ?????ay ??a – ???? ?????ueth ??e ia ?? ?????? «?????
????a n eth?? e ???y?. Y? «????? ???atho ??ae ?? a ?? ???e ?????, ? ??
???e ?????e ???y, e ??o ????? i ?o ? ???, ?i ????. I? I???u e ??
«?????ath? ??? n ??, ?i ??o ? ??ey?? e ?/ao ?iy? ? y?e.

O??e ?i ????? – ???e, ?th/?? ?y ????? ??i a ??????? ??a. A ?????? ???e
???? y? ??i ????ny «??e ????». Y? ???? ??o ? ??? ?y?e, ? e ????? ??e.
A?ue ???e – ??aeo ?y????e, ? ?eth?i a ????a e ????? ???? ????? ?y?e e
??? ?e ???? ????? ??ny??. Ai – ???, ? ??? y?y?ny ????? ?e ????? ??o – ?
???e e ??? ????o a ???? ????y ????? i i?. Ai – ???, ? – ???? ????? i ??,
??i ?????, ?????i ????i ??. A – ???o, ? – ???y?? ?????, ?e???e ? ???.

Ii ????? n ??????y? ??? ?e ?o, ??? ??i ??? ?i ? ??, ?y?? ? ??a??a ???o,
n??o ? ? ??e ??? e ???? e ?????? ???a n ?i ?e, ??u ?o ?i ???e ?????a
???ey a ??? ???. Ii ????, ????o ???? ???????? ?ith ??????i – ??a????oth
????????? a ?o???e a ??? ????a e ? ????o, ? ?? ????e ?i ? ???o – ??????
a ???o – ?????? ?a?????a. N???a ???e, ?????th?o ??o ?????o ???, – ??ay
??? ???uetha?. O??ny ? ????? ?y? ???ia???th ??????ue e ???? ?????? ???a
n ??????, a ???e ???e ???o ? ???i ?????y, ???a ???? ????o. A ????e
?o???th?o ?oe e ????? ????? ?e ? ?a ??iy: ??? ???? ????a e ???e ???
????y, ??ie ?????y ? ??? ???? ?????: ? ?????e, ?iy???? a ?o ??ey ??e.

N???otho ??????? ??? ?y ??a ?????. I????, «???i ??? ???th?y ??e ?a ???a
????u, a ? ???? ? ??a ?ny?a ??o ??e – ? «??????i ????y» ? «???? ????».
I??i ?? ?a e «??ae ??u ?????.y?o ??ae ????tho ??ii ?y ??, ??u ??a ?iy?
????o ?? ?e ??i ?iy?y, a ?e ? ?y ??, ??u ???? ? ??o?th?o ???ey ? a ??
?????aey ???, a a ??a ?????i ????. C?? ????e ?y?? n ?i, ?i ??, ???i
????ny ?iy?ny ????, ? ??? ??o ?????? ???i e ?y?io ???o ???e ??a ?? e
ethaeyi, n ???? ?o??y.

C?? ?????? ??o ????ey «??? ??u ?????. AE???? ? ??o ???y? ?y???? th??a,
?????a, ?oe, c??ath?o ???? ????e e ????? ?a??? ????ey?, ?????? ?e ????a
?e ??a ???? ???neth ??a.

O???ue i ??e ???, ?? y? ???? ???? ?????a ???ey, ? ??? ????i, ? e ???
????i. ????? ??o ?? ??th? ?e ???e ????i, ? ?????oy ??????i ??????y e ???
????? ?a ? ?i ???? ? ?eth ???? ????. Io a ???, ????? i ??e ????????
??????? ????o ??? ?? ? ?o ??, ?? ?i ? y?i ? ????. Ii ? ???o ? ????eth ?
?y?i ??uy?? ?????? ??????a ?e ?? ??i?o, ?????yth?e ?i ???? e ????ey (C??
«I NIE», ?.49 i. 9).

E ??????? ???i ??? ????ee ?e ? ??ny?y: ???a ????, ??????a, ???a ?????e e
??? ??ae, e o.ae. ? ?a ? ????? ?yae ???????i – i?????o ??:

1 I? ??? n ?????e ????? ?????? ?y ????y ???? ??th???? ????, ????a ???ey,
???ay ?????y ? ????ee ??a e ?????e ??? (??????a «???e ???», «???e ???»,
???e?? ????a ????? e o. ae.) ??? a ??iy????o, ??a ??? ????y ??? ??????o
?????eth ?e ?c? eth?e;

2 O??? ??i ????? e th????? ?oe ? ??c a ?????, ?? ? ??????? ? y?y?ny
?y????th, ???????e ???i, ? ???y? ?? ??????, ???ey, ???a;

3 O???? a ????? ????e ????? ? ?? ??ayo, ??a ?o, ??a ?? ????y ?o?iy? ? a
??a;

4 O??? ???????oth ??o, ?????? ????a ?????, ?? ?? ????y ?y ?i ?????e,
???ay ? y?? ????ey ??? a ??th????o ??iy????o: ? ???th ?? ?e ???? n
?????? a n??yo, ??a ?????a ?i ??e y?y?ny ?????? ???? ???? ?????i o??a
aeey eth?e;

5 N?eth?? ?????th ?e ????e ????? ???????i?ue, ???yy ???o ?????a ? ???
?????? ???ey ?e ????u ??iy?? ????e ? ?? ??ayo, ??a ?o, ??a ????ey ??
???? ????i.

N???oth?y ???ay ?? ? ?????? ?????? ????y ?????e ?????. Ae??i e ?e ??? ??
?????? ????i, ??? ??????i ????????i, ???ath?i ?? ???? ?????? ?????? e?
?y????e e ?????i ??eo?a. Aei ?o ??, ?? y?? ? ??o, ??????a ????a ?????
NIE ? ???.

A?? 5. N???ay y?? ?????.

Y?? ????o ??????i? – ? ? ? ??a, ?i ???????ay y??. Y? ??? ?? ??? ???iey a
???? (a ?i ??a ????ii ?????), ??e a ??e ??? ?y ?????e e ????? eth??
???y. Ni???a ?y????e ?ey? ? ???? y?o ????e, ? ??????i, ??c ???????oth
??? e ???????oth y??. A? ??? ????ony, ?i a ??a ???????i ?????? ????e
«???e? – ???? ???otho ?a ?? ???e?a: ??u ???????? ??? e ??u ????e y??.
I?a ??????? ? ????y? ???? ??????i ???a ????i?? ?????, a a ???? ??a – e
?o ?? ??????e ????. I?????a a ?? ?yae, y? ??u ??yaeyo ??oth?i ???i:

1 I?????ue i???????th ??????, ???ue ???? ????a e ??e ??????? ?????a,
i????ay ? ????i e ?eyi ??o???o ?e ??? ?????e, a ???a ??o ???ue ????o;

2 C????y i ???? ????e, ? ???ay ????, ????? ????e ???????e e ??ny?o ??a
????? ??????, a ???: ? ????ue ????, ??a, ?????, ???a ??o ????????ue
????th ???o ?????; ? ?????? ????? ????y a ??? ?eyo; ? ?????ny ? ?????
????? a ??o ?? – ? ????i ????i e ? ??? «????» ???; ???? ?????e io ?????
??a e ?????e ??? a ??? ??e;

3 I??????? ????ue ? ??? ????, ?????y a ???o ??iy????o e ????e a ??, ????
a ??ayo ????y ? ?? ?e ???ey ?i – ?? ??y??? e ????eth ?e ??a?????o
?yc????;

4 O??? ????u ????o ????e, ??y?a a ????i?i ?????, ????oy? ? ??? ????a
?????????? e ????? ?????, ?????e e ??????, ?e ???i ?????? ????a ???? e
????i?o ???????eth;

5 C????y i ?????e a ?????? ????? ????? ??????i ???a, ????y ??i ?a???i
????ue e ????y???? ????e, ????? e ???????th, ??????a, ????eth ?? ??o a
????e ????? ??????, ????e ??? e ??a??a;

6 O??? ????a ??a ??? e ????? ?? ????a ??a, ? ???ay ??????i, ????????
????y a ???? (???? ?? ?i ???? ?i ?????); ?? ????e?i e ????;

7 O??? ??i ???e ? ??????? ??c ? ??iey, ?? ?i ?????? ?i ???????ie ???e ?e
????yi;

I????? ? y?o ?? a ?????? ??e ??ath?y ??, ?i ???? ?. Ii ?????ey ??o ????
???? e ?i, ?e ??? ??, ?atho ????th ?????y, – y?i ?????? e ???ny, e
?????y. A????a ???? ?aea ?????? ?i – ? ???th?y. Ii ?e ??o a ??o, y?yy?
??? ???a a ?????e ??a e ?a ?y ????i ????a eth?e, e ???atho ? ? ???.
I??????? – ?????? ????u ????y, ???iy?a a ?e ????????i ?ai???y, ??
????th?y a ??e ?n?? ?e ????yo, ???a ???o ????? ??ue.

C?eth??a.

N?ue ???????? y?? – ???a ?????a ???? ?????? ????ey ???????e ??e ??e a
?????? n ????y?? a ???? y????e ?????.

I???????y y?? ????? – y? th????e ? ?????a, ? ??y?a a ??????e ??a e
??????? ??e ??????i ??ey, ???????i – ?i???? ?????y? ????a ?????y – ????,
??u e ???a ??????i ????y ?????.

AE?????ay y?? ?????iy?ny ? i??? ??y?y ???e a ??????o ??a?yo, ? e ??ue
??? ??? ?????ny n ???????? ????e e ???i?e. Aeey ?????a e ??? ?????
??????? ??u y? ???? ??????ue ???ue ??e ???, ???e ??????ny ? n ????e e
????? ????e, ?????e a y???? ???a. Ia ?a??a ?????? ??? ?????? ???e??th
???o a ??y?e ???y, ?e ???e ???? ???? ???u e ????u, ????o ????? ????
?a????a ???a, ???y?a ? ?? ??ayi ??e. I???? y???? ??u e ???? ?????th?y a
???, a y?i ??? ????o? ???o ? ??o ???i ????ue ?????o ???o ?e ???? a ????
??y?y ?e ???e.

O?? ???i, ???? ??????, ????e, ?a ?e ??i ?????????o ???a, ? ?e ?? ??eth??
???, ??o ??e ??? ????o ???e, ???y ??o y??? e ?y??? ????i. A ?? y??
??iy???? ? ? ?o ?? ? ??i ??? e ???eth ?????? ??, ?i, ?????, ???ey?
«y???» ????a ?????.

N????a e ??? y?y?ny ?????? ?????i ?y ?????a ??????? eth?e, ??? ???
?????, ?? ?n?i ??????, ????e ?? a ????, ?e ?e ?????, ??????o ??o. Ca???e
??????e y?? ??? ??tho ?c??a ??o ???????? ????? ?????i?e e ? ?????i a
?a????e ????, ??a ?????? ??? ????ny ??? a ???yo ???? ???e e ????ey
?????e ???????? ??iy????.

I? ???e ???o ????a y???? ??u ?nyo ?a ??a ????????? ????, a ???a ????y
????? ???eyth?y ?? ? ? ?y ???i ?????i ??ay. Y? ??i ??ue a ??, ? – ???,
??u ????? ??e ???? ??u y?? ? th????? ?? e, ? – ???, ??u ?e ????, ?i
y???? (?e ?y????) ? ????y ???ey?ny ? ??? ??o ????a ?????, a ??? ?????
???o. Y? ? i???o, ?i y???? ???y ?nyo ?eth?????e ????, a y?? ?ey??a,
????e?a e ?????a. Y? ???o ?? i ?i, ?i ??ae?o ??? ????, ?ay ???? y??,
??????? ????i ????i e ??? ??????i ????y, ???a a ??? ????? ??? ?y ?ay e
?????? ??? ???o ?o ???, ?i e ????i y??i ?e ?yo??. Iiy?? e «?ae ???
?????? ??? ????ue ????? ??iy????, ??i ?????y a ith??o ????e ??o eth??.
y???? ??? e ????? – ?y????e. O?y e ??ue ???e, ????o ??????e ????.

A???????? ???:

1. A??ue, ???i ?e ????? 1998 a. O.1,2

2. I???????y y?? ?????. A.A.E???a 2000 a.

3. I???????y y?? ?????. Ae.N.A???a 2003 a.

4. Y?? NIE. 2003a.

5. I??ue e ???a. A.E.E?? – ?????? 2001 a.

6. I??u ae?????e. A.N.I???, I.I.E? 2006 a.

7. A??u i ?? – ??a. Y.Ae??n, Ae.Iy?? 1997 a.

8. I???ey ????o. E.A.N??/ 1991 a.

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2019