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Электронные СМИ как составляющая информационных войн

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Yeaeo?iiiua NIE eae ninoaaeythuay eioi?iaoeeiiiuo aiei

Oienoiaa Aiia

Ionoue ec aieueoae /anoe oao iiainoae,

i eioi?uo au neuoeoa, naiay iaeay /anoue

i?eieiaaony aaie ia aa?o.

O. Ea?ean.

Ii?aaeaeeoue oa?iei “eioi?iaoeeiiiay aieia” (eioi?iaoeeiiiia
i?ioeaiai?noai) e?aeia cao?oaeieoaeueii.

Eioi?iaoeey – i/aiue iaoe?iia iiiyoea e cao?aaeaaao iii ana noa?u
/aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, e i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ?ano?n, eioi?ui
iia?e?oao noauaeo a i?ioeanna i?eiyoey ?aoaiee, a oii /enea e a aieia.
Aieia i?aaeiieaaaao iaeoth ai?ueao a ?aieao eaeie-eeai oeaee (eee
?ano?na). Eioi?iaoeeiiiay aieia, a oaeii neo/aa, ?anniao?eaaao ethaoth
eioi?iaoeeiiioth ninoaaeythuoth oaeie ai?ueau, e eioi?iaoeey iiaeao
yaeyoueny caeanue eae naiei ?ano?nii, oae e n?aaenoaaie aai iieo/aiey.
Oi anoue a naiii iauai neo/aa eioi?iaoeeiiiay aieia – ethaay
aeayoaeueiinoue a eioi?iaoeeiiiii i?ino?ainoaa a ?aieao iaeioi?uo
aioaaiienoe/aneeo oeaeae (iaoa?eaeueiia i?aainoiaenoai; ?aoaiea,
i?eieiaaiia /aeiaaeii eee a?oiiie ethaeae e i?.). Yoi ninoaaeyao
i?aaeiao eioi?iaoeeiiiiai i?ioeaiai?noaa.

Aeiaaeecaoeey eioi?iaoeeiiiie noa?u i?eaiaeeo e aeanoe ia
naa?oaea?aeaau, a o?ainiaoeeiiaeueiua iaaeea-eiia?ee, eioi?ua nicaeatho
?aaeueiinoue iiae naay e iaieioee?otho niciaieai iann ia nianoaaiiia
oniio?aiea. Iaiaei enneaaeiaaoaeae aiai?eo ia io?eoeaoaeueiii aeeyiee
iann-iaaeea (a iniaaiiinoe, yeaeo?iiiuo) ia ?aoeeieaioa.

Aee?aeoi? Einoeoooa enneaaeiaaiee ineoe/aneiai caei?iauey Ie/eaaineiai
oieaa?neoaoa ae-?. Aeaeaein Aeae. Ieeea? ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi ia?aianuuaiea
/aeiaaea eioi?iaoeeae i?eaiaeeo e ?acaaeaine?iaaieth iuneeoaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe e iiaeao auoue naycaii n ?aciiia?aciuie oi?iaie
ineoe/aneeo caaieaaaiee. A oeeinio Aa?aa?o Ia?eoca oaeaeyao
oaeaaeaeaieth iaeio ec aeaaiuo ?ieae a iaaycuaaiee /aeiaaeo “ioeai/iuo
iio?aaiinoae”, a o?ainoi?iaoeee iieiioeaiiie ee/iinoe a “iaeiiia?iiai
/aeiaaea”. Aua aeaeueoa iioee ienaoaee-oaioanou e ooiienou, eioi?ua
iiaeaee?otho oioaeeoa?iua nenoaiu aoaeouaai. “451 ii Oa?aiaaeoo” ?ay
A?aaeaa?e, “1984” Aeaei?aeaea I?oyea iieacuaatho, ianeieueei aieueoei
yaeyaony cia/aiea oaeaaeaeaiey a nia?aiaiiii ?ai?anneaiii ainoaea?noaa.
A yoeo i?iecaaaeaieyo yeaeo?iiiua NIE auiieiytho ooieoeeth eiio?iey e
iaaycuaaiey noa?aioeiia. Yoa oaiaeaioeey iiae/a?eeaaiey io?eoeaoaeueiie
?iee NIE a eeoa?aoo?a a iineaaeiaa a?aiy caiaoii i?ia?anne?oao. Oae,
anee ienaoaee 1950-80-o aiaeia ioaiaeeee oaeaaeaeaieth eeoue ?ieue
eino?oiaioa eiio?iey ianaeaiey ?ai?anneaiie aeanoueth, oi, iai?eia?, a
?iiaia Aeeoi?a Iaeaaeia “Geneation”I”(1999 a.) oaeaaeaeaiea oaea
yaeyaony iieiinoueth naiiaeiaeathuei, e oaea iieeoeea noaiiaeony aai
eino?oiaioii — iaaeea-no?oeoo?u naie iiaeaee?otho iieeoe/aneoth
?aaeueiinoue. Neaaeoao o/eouaaoue, a eaeeo ?aaeeyo iiyaeeny ?iiai:
?inneeneay aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue nicaeaea aanueia aeaaii?eyoioth ii/ao
aeey aicieeiiaaiey oaeie eeoa?aoo?iie auaeoiee. Auai?u i?aceaeaioa
?innee a 1996 e 2000 aiaeao iieacaee, ianeieueei neeueiui yaeyaony
aeeyiea yeaeo?iiiuo NIE ia ?aoeeieaioa. A 1996 aiaeo aieueiie,
iaiiioey?iue ec-ca eaoano?ioe/aneie yeiiiie/aneie neooaoeee e oaeoe/anee
i?iea?aiiie /a/aineie aieiu i?aceaeaio Aeueoeei, ?aeoeia eioi?iai a
ia/aea i?aceaeaioneie eaiiaiee aue i/aiue ieceei (iaiaa 8%), aeaaiaea?y
ianne?iaaiiie aaeoaoeee a NIE noiae aeiaeoueny ia?aeca?aiey ia aoi?ie
n?ie. A 1999-2000 aiaeao oaie aea NIE e oiaea oaeoe/anee ia ionoii ianoa
aue nicaeai aunieee ?aeoeia aai i?aaiieea. “A iaoa a?aiy ethaee ociatho
i oii, /oi iie aeoiatho, ii oaeaaeci?o. Iiyoiio, anee ou oi/aoue eoieoue
ia?o oeeoe e ia eiaoue iinea yoiai aeaaeiue aeae, iaaei nia/aea
naeaeaoue oae, /oiau iaae ieie oi?/aea oaiy oaeaauoea”, — aiai?eo iaeei
ec ia?niiaaeae “Geneation”I”.

A iaoa aea a?aiy aeaaea aicieeiiaaiea oaeeo iiiyoee eae “eioi?iaoeeiiiay
aieia”, “iaaeea-aa?anney”, “eioi?iaoeeiiiay aaciianiinoue”
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao ia oieueei i oaniie nayce iann-iaaeea n eiioeeeoiuie
neooaoeeyie, ii e i oii, /oi a aii?oaeaiiuo eiioeeeoao nia?aiaiiinoe
ai?ueaa ia eioi?iaoeeiiiii iiea ia iaiaa aaaeia, /ai iaiin?aaenoaaiii
aiaiiua aeaenoaey. Anee aei iaaeaaiaai a?aiaie aieia aeeyea aieueoae
/anoueth ia eioi?iaoeeiiioth noa?o, a /anoiinoe, ia aeo?iaeenoeeo
(iai?eia?, ia?aay ie?iaay aieia noaea noeioeii aeey iiyaeaiey e ?acaeoey
a NOA aiaeeoe/aneie aeo?iaeenoeee, oae eae aia?eeaioeu ia iiaee iiiyoue,
eaeei ia?acii oaeenoai y?oeaa?oeiaa Oa?aeeiaiaea iineoaeeei i?e/eiie
oaeiai eiioeeeoa), oi a iineaaeiaa a?aiy iaaethaeaaony ia?aoiay naycue,
i?e/ai eae ia iae?i, oae e ia iee?io?iaia.

A iaoa a?aiy NIE ea?atho ana aieueooth ?ieue, eae a ?aoaiee aii?oaeaiiuo
eiioeeeoia, oae e iaiin?aaenoaaiii a eo oiaea. “Naaiaeiy a ?acaeouo
ainoaea?noaao ethaia aeaenoaea iaaiciiaeii aac niioaaonoaothuae
eioi?iaoeeiiiie iiaeaioiaee. Aieiu aeieaeiu auaeyaeaoue ni?aaaaeeeauie,
a?aa – aeanoi/aeoei, nianoaaiiua aieiu – ianoiyueie aa?iyie”
[A.Ii/aioeia]. Nia?aiaiiua aieiu – yoi, i?aaeaea anaai, aii?oaeaiiua
iieeoe/aneea aeaiiino?aoeee. AEo?iaeenou aeaaii noaee o?aoueae noi?iiie
aaeaa ee ia eaaeaeiai aii?oaeaiiiai eiioeeeoa, e io oiai, eaeoth noi?iio
NIE neeiiiu iiaeaea?aeaoue, a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a caaeneo aai ?acoeueoao.
O/aiua, eioi?ua enneaaeotho aeeyiea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia ia oiae
nia?aiaiiuo aii?oaeaiiuo eiioeeeoia, ioia/atho: “Iieeoe/aneea,
eaeaieiae/aneea e aaiiieeoe/aneea acaeyaeu oi?ie?othony o cia/eoaeueiie
/anoe iauanoaa eneeth/eoaeueii ia iniiaa oaeaeiiioieeaoeee. Iaaeea-ia?ac
oaeoe/anee yaeyaony aoiia?iui neioacii, a eioi?ii nin?aaeioi/aiii n?aco
ianeieueei iiaeoiaeia – yoie/aneee, eoeueoo?iue, eaeaieiae/aneee,
iieeoe/aneee. Eioi?iaoeeiiiue ?aii?oaae ec eaeie-ieaoaeue ai?y/ae oi/ee,
i eioi?ie ie/aai ia ecaanoii, iai?eia?, aeeoaeth Eaieoieey, aeieaeai ca
e?ao/aeoaa a?aiy i?aaenoaaeoue aaia?aoe/aneee, enoi?e/aneee,
?aeeaeiciue, yeiiiie/aneee, eoeueoo?iue, yoie/aneee i?ioeeue ?aaeiia, a
oaeaea ?annoaaeoue aeoeaiou niaeanii ocei caaeaiiie iieeoe/aneie oeaee.
Oaeei ia?acii, i?ioanney aeo?iaeenoa (a iniaaiiinoe oaeaaeo?iaeenoa)
naeeaeaaony n i?ioanneae aaiiieeoeea. Iann-iaaeea a nia?aiaiiii iauanoaa
ea?atho oaea ia /enoi aniiiiaaoaeueioth ?ieue, eae ?aiueoa, ii
noaiiayony iiuiui naiinoiyoaeueiui oaeoi?ii, niiniaiui niaa?oaoue
neeueiia aeeyiea ia enoi?e/aneie noaeueau ia?iaeia” [A.Aeoaei].

Aeaaiui n?aaenoaii aaaeaiey “ineoieiae/aneie aieiu” iacaaia
aeayoaeueiinoue NIE e iniaaiii “yeaeo?iiiuo” n?aaenoa ianniaie
eioi?iaoeee – ?aaeei e oaeaaeaeaiey. Yoi aeaaiui ia?acii iauyniyaony
oai, /oi “yeaeo?iiiua” NIE aeaaeatho oaeei i?eaiii, eae yooaeo
i?enoonoaey (nicaeaiea i?e iiiiue au?aceoaeueiuo n?aaenoa aeo?iaeenoeee
c?eiie ea?oeiu, iicaieythuae c?eoaeth (neooaoaeth, /eoaoaeth) iuooeoue
naay iaoiaeyueiny ia ianoa niauoey). Eniieuecoaony oaeaea iiiyoea yooaeo
?aaeueiinoe (reality effect).

Yeaeo?iiiua NIE ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia caieiatho iiiiiieueiia iieiaeaiea
ai anae iaaeea-noa?a e yaeythony iaiouaieaiie ninoaaeythuae
eioi?iaoeeiiiie aieiu. ?ieue ?OA a inouanoaeaiee eioi?iaoeeiiiiai
aicaeaenoaey ia nia?aiaiiiai /aeiaaea o?oaeii iaaeiioeaieoue.

Aicaeaenoaea yeaeo?iiiuo NIE ia iauanoaaiiia iiaiea aeinoeaaao
oe?i/aeoeo ianooaaia. I?eia?ii oaeiai aicaeaenoaey iiaeii iacaaoue
i?iaieaoeeiiiue ?aii?oaae a?oceineiai oaeaeaiaea “Eiaaee”, eiaaea
aa/a?ii 13 ia?oa a?oceineee a yoe? auoae nthaeao, ?anneacuaathuee i
niaa?oaiee oa?aeoa i?ioea aeaau THaeiie Inaoee Yaeoa?aea Eieieou,
aoi?aeaiee ?inneeneeo aiene ia oa??eoi?eth A?ocee, aeaaee i?aceaeaioa
Naaeaoaeee e nicaeaiee ia?iaeiiai i?aaeoaeuenoaa ai aeaaa n Ieii
Ao?aeaeaiaaeca.

Eae iiae/a?eeaaaony a caiaoea “Eioa?oaen”, a nthaeaoa “Eiaaee” “aac
anyeeo i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiee e anooieaiee auei niiauaii, /oi ” naaiaeiy
oo?ii a Oeoeiaaea aue niaa?oai oa?aeo i?ioea aeaau THaeiie Inaoee
Yaeoa?aea Eieieou, iinea /aai ?inneeneea aienea aoi?aeenue a A?oceth”…
*a?ac ianeieueei ieioo oaeaeiiiaiey niiaueea i aeaaee I. Naaeaoaeee e
nicaeaiee Ia?iaeiiai i?aaeoaeuenoaa ai aeaaa n Ieii Ao?aeaeaiaaeca”.

I oii, /oi nthaeao ia iniiaai ia ?aaeueiuo niauoeyo, c?eoaeae
i?aaeoi?aaeeee a ia/aea e eiioea i?ia?aiiu. Oai ia iaiaa, yoi ia iiiiaei
ecaaaeaoue iaieee a no?aia e e?oiiiai iieeoe/aneiai e iaaeea-neaiaeaea
ca aa i?aaeaeaie.

?EA Iiainoe iiyniyao, /oi eioi?iaoeeiiiay i?ia?aiia “Eiaaee” n canoaaeie
iau/iiai iiainoiiai auionea ia/eiaeanue ni neia: “Ia/eiaai auione n
o/aoii oao iianiinoae, eioi?ua iieeoeee e yenia?ou nenoaiaoe/anee
ianoaeaeatho”. I?iionoeaoea canoaaeo eee ia iiiyaoea caiunae “Eiaaee”
aeeoaee A?ocee iin/eoaee ?aii?oaae i?aaaeeaui, e i?ia?aiia “aucaaea
iaieeo ai anae no?aia”. O/anoeeenue caiiee a neoaeao nei?ie iiiiue ec-ca
na?aea/iuo i?enooiia. A ?acoeueoaoa yoa ia?aaea/a aucaaea ianoiyuoth
iaieeo a A?ocee: aeeoaee no?aieeenue iieeiooue ai?iaea, neoiaee caianu
i?iaeiaieuenoaey, aeanyoee /aeiaae auee ainieoaeece?iaaiu n aeeaaiicii
“eioa?eo ieiea?aea”, ii iaiueoae ia?a iaeei /aeiaae oia?. Iinea oiai,
eae ia?aaea/a caeii/eeanue e auei iauyaeaii, /oi yoi eeoue
i?aaeiieaaaaiue noeaia?ee ?acaeoey niauoee, a Oaeeene, o caeaiey
i?eiaaeeaaeauaai eiiiaiee “Eiaaee” ia/aeny noeoeeiue ieoeia i?ioanoa.

A aeaiiii neo/aa n?aaenoaii aaaeaiey aieiu yaeeinue oaeaaeaeaiea.
?aii?oaae “Eiaaee” ia aue iniiaai ie ia eaeeo ?aaeueiuo oaeoao.
Ia?aaea/a, i?iaeieaeaaoayny ieiei 30 ieioo, ia niaea?aeaea ieeaeeo
naaaeaiee i oii, /oi yoi eeoue i?aaeiieaaaaiue aeo?iaeenoaie aa?eaio
?acaeoey niauoee, eioi?ua iiaoo ii eo iiaieth i?iecieoe eaoii 2010 aiaea
(ia auei ie oeo?ia, ie onoiuo eiiiaioa?eaa). I?e yoii iiae aeaeii
?aii?oaaeae n iano niauoey iieacuaaeenue aeaeaieaae?u aiaauo aeaenoaee
aaaonoa 2008 aiaea.

Eae au oai ie auei, nthaeao aucaae ii?aaeaeaiioth ?aaeoeeth o aeeoaeae
A?ocee. 14 ia?oa ia?aae caeaieai iinieuenoaa O?aioeee a Oaeeene i?ioae
ieeao. Ianeieueei nioai /aeiaae auoee ia oeeoeu ai?iaea n eicoiaaie
“?inney iiania aeey ie?a”. Aeiiiaeeeiii iaecaanoii, ciae ee i?aceaeaio
A?ocee i iiaeaioiaea aeaiiiai nthaeaoa, e eaeeo oeaeae iuoaeinue
aeiaeoueny ?oeiaiaenoai oaeaeaiaea, ii oaeo inoaaony oaeoii. I?aeoe/anee
ana ianaeaiea A?ocee oaa?aii, /oi ?inney aio-aio caoaaoeo yoo
iaeaiueeoth, ii ai?aeoth no?aio.

Aeaenoaey ?oeiaiaenoaa “Eiaaee” aucaaee aeanoeoth e?eoeeo ni noi?iiu
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai niiauanoaa e a?oceineie iiiiceoeee. I?e yoii
i?aceaeaio Naaeaoaeee cayaee, /oi ia eiaao ieeaeiai ioiioaiey e
iiaeaioiaea nthaeaoa e ia naieoeeiie?iaae aai auione a yoe?.

Aiaeece?oy aeaiiue i?eia?, neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi aeaaiui n?aaenoaii
iaieioeyoeee /aeiaa/aneei niciaieai yaeeenue eiaiii yeaeo?iiiua NIE. Yoi
niauoea iiaeii iacaaoue i/a?aaeiui aeoeii eioi?iaoeeiiiie aieiu,
eioi?oth aaaeao A?ocey n aaaonoa 2008 aiaea.

Eioi?iaoeeiiiay aieia a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue aeeyao ia /aeiaa/aneia
niciaiea. Iieeoeee, aaaey iiaeiaiua aieiu, ae?ooicii ea?atho ia no?oiao
/aeiaa/aneie aeooe, oai naiui aeinoeaay iinoaaeaiiuo oeaeae. *aeiaae
aaccaueoai ia?aae eioi?iaoeeiiiui aicaeaenoaeai, a NIE, iaieioee?oy
/aeiaaeii, noaiiayony i?oaeeai eiio?iey eioi?iaoeee a iauanoaa.

Nienie enoi/ieeia

1. N.A.Ea?a-Io?ca. “Iaieioeyoeey niciaieai”

2. A.Ii/aioeia. “Ineoieiae/aneea aieiu”

3. http:// ru. wikipedia. org

4. http:// lenta. ru

5. http:// www.interfax.ru

6. http:// www. rian.ru

7. http:// infwar. ru

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