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Применение методов математической статистики и теории вероятностей в

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Применение методов математической статистики и теории вероятностей в
задачах теоретической лингвистики при анализе устной и звучащей речи на
русском и английском языках

2007 г.

Оглавление

1. Введение

2. Анализ стихотворений

2.1 Построение дискретного вариационного ряда

2.2 Непрерывные вариационные ряды

2.3 Графическое построение дискретных лингвистических вариационных рядов
для рассматриваемых стихотворений

2.4 Ряды распределения дискретных случайных величин

2.5 Математическое ожидание дискретной случайной величины

2.6 Дисперсия дискретной случайной величины

2.7 Энтропия дискретной случайной величины

2.8 Вероятность появления гласных звуков в стихотворениях, сравнение

2.9 Коэффициент темпа речи

3. Объединённый коэффициент синтаксической и ритмомелодической сложности

4. Вывод

5. Список литературы

1. Введение

В эпоху научно-технической революции математизация охватывает все сферы
человеческой деятельности, в том числе и языкознание. Проникновение
математических методов в лингвистику обусловлено двумя причинами.
Во-первых, развитие языковедческой теории и практики требует введения
все более точных и объективных методов для анализа языка и текста.
Одновременно использование математических приемов при систематизации,
измерении и обобщении лингвистического материала в сочетании с
качественной интерпретацией результатов позволяет языковедам глубже
проникнуть в тайны построения языка и образования текста. Во-вторых, все
расширяющиеся контакты языкознания с другими науками, например с
акустикой, физиологией высшей нервной деятельности, кибернетикой и
вычислительной техникой, могут осуществляться только при использовании
математического языка, обладающего высокой степенью общности и
универсальности для различных отраслей знаний.

Особенно настойчиво математизируется языкознание в связи с
использованием естественного языка в информационных и управленческих
системах человек–машина–человек. В действующих системах машинного
перевода, автоматического аннотирования, человеко-машинного диалога
всякое сообщение на естественном языке перекодируется в математическом
языке компьютера. Примером того является голосовое управление в
современных мобильных телефонах.

Говоря об особенностях взаимодействия языкознания и математики, следует
иметь в виду, что как естественный язык, так и язык математики являются
знаковыми (семиотическими) системами передачи информации.

Основные расхождения между этими языками связаны с различным построением
языкового знака и знака математического.

лингвистический знак (слово, словосочетание, предложение) обычно
включает в себя четыре компонента – имя (материальный носитель
информации), денотат (отражение предмета из внешнего мира), десигнат
(понятие о предмете) и коннотат (комплекс чувственно-оценочных оттенков,
связанных с предметом и понятием о нем); знак математического языка
включает только имя и десигнат – математическое понятие;

лингвистический знак многозначен – значения его представляют собой
нечеткие множества с размытыми границами; математический знак имеет, как
правило, одно концептуальное значение;

лингвистический знак потенциально метафоричен, у знака математического
метафоричность полностью отсутствует.

Особенности построения лингвистического языка приводят к тому, что
естественный язык представляет собой нежестко организованную диффузную
систему, которая воспринимается и используется человеком в значительной
мере интуитивно. Напротив, язык математики является хорошо
организованной системой, существующей и функционирующей в виде
логического построения, каждый элемент которого имеет осознанную
значимость.

Конфронтация естественного языка и языка математики требует, чтобы
каждому лингвистическому объекту был поставлен в соответствие некоторый
математический объект. Лингвистический знак, например, словосочетание
или слово и составляющие этот знак фигуры – фонемы, буквы, слоги –
должны интерпретироваться с помощью знаков математических. Эта
математическая интерпретация связана с расчленением лингвистического
объекта и выделением в нем одного смыслового или сигнального компонента,
который становится предметом дальнейшего исследования.

Применение математических методов в языкознании имеет своей целью
заменить обычно диффузную, интуитивно сформулированную и не имеющую
полного решения лингвистическую задачу одной или несколькими более
простыми, логически сформулированными и имеющими алгоритмическое решение
математическими задачами. Такое расчленение сложной лингвистической
проблемы на более простые алгоритмизуемые задачи мы будем называть
математической экспликацией лингвистического объекта или явления.

Выбор математического аппарата в лингвистических исследованиях – вопрос
не простой. Его решение зависит в первую очередь от того, как
определяется предмет и основные понятия языкознания и его теоретического
ядра – структурно-математической лингвистики.

Некоторые математики и лингвисты считают, что предметом математической
лингвистики должно быть изучение грамматики, порождающей текст. При этом
грамматика понимается как конечное множество детерминированных правил, в
том числе неграмматических, а язык рассматривается как бесконечное число
регулярных цепочек слов, порождаемых этой грамматикой. При этом подходе
экспликация лингвистических объектов должна опираться на теорию
множеств, математическую логику, теорию алгоритмов.

На основе применения «неколичественного» математического аппарата в
теоретическом языкознании сформировалось направление, условно называемое
комбинаторной лингвистикой – в ней используются методы

математической статистики

теории вероятностей,

теории информации,

математического анализа

Современные инструментальные методы экспериментальной фонетики связаны с
применением различных приборов, главным образом электроакустических
(спектрографы, интонографы и тому подобное), а также регистрирующие
движения органов речи (артикуляцию). Поэтому фонетика тесно связана с
физикой, физиологией и математикой. Методы математической логики
применяются для формального описания категорий естественных языков.
Языкознание оказалось той гуманитарной наукой, которая, не порывая
связей с другими науками о человеке и его культуре, первой решительно
стала использовать не только инструментальные методы наблюдения (в
фонетике) и экспериментальные приёмы (в психолингвистике), но и
систематически применять математические способы (в том числе и ЭВМ) для
получения и записи своих выводов.

Цель моего реферата – выявить и изучить статистические закономерности
стиля двух равных текстов (по 105 слов в каждом) поэтессы Зинаиды
Гиппиус (1869 – 1945) «Свободный стих» и английского поэта Вильяма
Блейка «Колыбельная» (William Blake, 1757-1827, «A Cradle Song»)
согласно звуковым характеристикам языка – ударению, сложности
восприятия, темпу речи и другим. При анализе я использую следующие
термины:

вероятность события,

вариационные ряды,

математическое ожидание,

закон распределения вероятности,

дисперсия,

энтропия.

Также я приведу примеры использования методов математической статистики
и теории вероятностей при анализе устной и звучащей речи.

2. Анализ стихотворений

2.1 Построение дискретного вариационного ряда

«Свободный стих»

Приманной легкостью играя,

Зовет, влечет свободный стих.

И соблазнил он, соблазняя,

Ленивых малых и простых.

Сулит он быстрые ответы

И достиженья без борьбы.

За мной! За мной! И вот, поэты –

Стиха свободного рабы.

Они следят его извивы,

Сухую ломкость, скрип углов,

Узор пятнисто-похотливый

Икающих и пьяных слов…

Немало слов с подолом грязным

Войти боялись… А теперь

Каким ручьем однообразным

Втекают в сломанную дверь!

Втекли, вшумели и впылились…

Гогочет уличная рать.

Что ж! Вы недаром покорились:

Рабы не смеют выбирать.

Без утра пробил час вечерний,

И гаснет серая заря…

Вы отданы на посмех черни

Коварной волею царя!

А мне лукавый стих угоден.

Мы с ним веселые друзья.

Вариационные ряды длин словоупотребления в фонемах:

7 9 6

5 6 9 4

1 9 2 10

7 5 1 7

5 2 7 6

1 10 3 5

2 4 2 4 1 3 5

5 10 4

3 6 3 6

6 7 5 5

4 18

8 1 6 4

6 4 1 7

5 7 1 5

5 6 12

8 1 9 4

6 7 1 8

7 8 3

3 1 2 7 9

4 2 6 7

3 4 6 3 8

1 6 6 4

2 5 2 6 5

8 6 4

1 3 7 4 6

2 1 3 7 6

(порядок следования чисел здесь повторяет порядок следования слов в
стихотворении построчно)

Рассматривая приведенную здесь последовательность чисел нетрудно
заметить, что величина длины словоформ варьирует от одной единицы
совокупности к другой. Моя задача – определить и изучить вариацию
признака в данной совокупности.

Возможные значения признака в статистике называют вариантами. Различия
между вариантами могут быть как количественными (дискретными или
непрерывными) и качественными.

Теперь я построю дискретный вариационный ряд длины словоформ в фонемах в
данном стихотворении:

X123456789101112131415161718N131081314181185301000001

Где X – признак, N – сумма всех вариант,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– варианты,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– число
повторений вариант

N = 105 (так как текст состоит из 105 слов, как было указано выше)
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Теперь вместо абсолютных частот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 укажу относительные частоты (частости)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 в процентах:

Xpicscalex100010009000003c900000002001c000000000005000000090200000000050
00000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b02000
00000050000000c02200280011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0fffff
fa6ffffff40010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000050001c0
00000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d6
16e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f5770b07661c040000002d01000008000000320ae001dc0
00100000031791c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d65732
04e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f5770b07661c040000002d010100040
00000f001000008000000320a80014c000100000078790a00000026060f000a00fffffff
f0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656
d001c0b07661c00000a0021008a010000000000000000bcf31200040000002d010000040
00000f0010100030000000000picscalex100010009000003c900000002001c000000000
00500000009020000000005000000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0
118000000050000000b0200000000050000000c022002a0011200000026060f001a00fff
fffff000010000000c0ffffffa6ffffff60010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d6
1746854797065000050001c000000fb0220ff00000000000090010000000004020010546
96d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f5771c0666d7040000002d0
1000008000000320ae001f5000100000032791c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010
000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f5771c0
666d7040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a80014c000100000078790a0
0000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000
000cc0102022253797374656d00d71c0666d700000a0021008a010000000000000000bcf
31200040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000picscalex10001000900000
3c900000002001c000000000005000000090200000000050000000201010000000500000
00102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b0200000000050000000c024002a00
11200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffffa6ffffff60010000e601000
00b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000060001c000000fb0220ff00000000000
09001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff377202
0f577031b66a3040000002d01000008000000320ae001ee000100000033791c000000fb0
280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89
ff377e19ff3772020f577031b66a3040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320
a80014c000100000078790a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb0
21000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00a3031b66a300000a00210
08a010000000000000000bcf31200040000002d01000004000000f001010003000000000
0picscalex100010009000003c900000002001c000000000005000000090200000000050
00000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b02000
00000050000000c022002a0011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0fffff
fa6ffffff60010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000050001c0
00000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d6
16e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f5771a0466a4040000002d01000008000000320ae001f50
00100000034791c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d65732
04e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f5771a0466a4040000002d010100040
00000f001000008000000320a80014c000100000078790a00000026060f000a00fffffff
f0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656
d00a41a0466a400000a0021008a010000000000000000bcf31200040000002d010000040
00000f0010100030000000000picscalex100010009000003c900000002001c000000000
00500000009020000000005000000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0
118000000050000000b0200000000050000000c024002a0011200000026060f001a00fff
fffff000010000000c0ffffffa6ffffff60010000e60100000b00000026060f000c004d6
1746854797065000060001c000000fb0220ff00000000000090010000000004020010546
96d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577e61a664d040000002d0
1000008000000320ae001ee000100000035791c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010
000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577e61
a664d040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a80014c000100000078790a0
0000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000
000cc0102022253797374656d004de61a664d00000a0021008a010000000000000000bcf
31200040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000picscalex10001000900000
3c900000002001c000000000005000000090200000000050000000201010000000500000
00102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b0200000000050000000c024002a00
11200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffffa6ffffff60010000e601000
00b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000060001c000000fb0220ff00000000000
09001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff377202
0f57721146646040000002d01000008000000320ae001f1000100000036791c000000fb0
280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89
ff377e19ff3772020f57721146646040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320
a80014c000100000078790a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb0
21000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00462114664600000a00210
08a0100000000000000005cf31200040000002d01000004000000f001010003000000000
0picscalex100010009000003c900000002001c000000000005000000090200000000050
00000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b02000
00000050000000c024002a0011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0fffff
fa6ffffff60010000e60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000060001c0
00000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d6
16e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577c41b6666040000002d01000008000000320ae001f10
00100000037791c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d65732
04e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577c41b6666040000002d010100040
00000f001000008000000320a80014c000100000078790a00000026060f000a00fffffff
f0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656
d0066c41b666600000a0021008a010000000000000000bcf31200040000002d010000040
00000f0010100030000000000picscalex100010009000003c900000002001c000000000
00500000009020000000005000000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0
118000000050000000b0200000000050000000c024002a0011200000026060f001a00fff
fffff000010000000c0ffffffa6ffffff60010000e60100000b00000026060f000c004d6
1746854797065000060001c000000fb0220ff00000000000090010000000004020010546
96d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f5774f1c66fe040000002d0
1000008000000320ae001ea000100000038791c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010
000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f5774f1
c66fe040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a80014c000100000078790a0
0000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000
000cc0102022253797374656d00fe4f1c66fe00000a0021008a010000000000000000bcf
31200040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000picscalex10001000900000
3c900000002001c000000000005000000090200000000050000000201010000000500000
00102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b0200000000050000000c024002a00
11200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffffa6ffffff60010000e601000
00b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000060001c000000fb0220ff00000000000
09001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff377202
0f577b91266f1040000002d01000008000000320ae001ee000100000039791c000000fb0
280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89
ff377e19ff3772020f577b91266f1040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320
a80014c000100000078790a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb0
21000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00f1b91266f100000a00210
08a0100000000000000005cf31200040000002d01000004000000f001010003000000000
0f*100%12,38%9,52%7,62%12,38%13,33%17,14%10,47%7,62%4,76%
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*100%2,85%0%0,95%0%0%0
%0%0%0,95%

Самые распространённые слова в данном стихотворении имеют длину в 6
фонем (17,14%)

Проведу аналогичные действия со стихотворением «Колыбельная»:

A Cradle Song

Sweet dreams form a shade,

O’er my lovely infants head.

Sweet dreams of pleasant streams,

By happy silent moony beams

Sweet sleep with soft down,

Weave thy brows an infant crown.

Sweet sleep Angel mild,

Hover o’er happy child.

Sweet smiles in the night,

Hover over my delight.

Sweet smiles Mothers smiles

All the livelong night beguiles.

Sweet moans, dovelike sighs,

Chase not slumber from thy eyes,

Sweet moans, sweeter smiles,

All the dovelike moans beguiles.

Sleep sleep happy child.

All creation slept and smil’d.

Sleep sleep, happy sleep, 1

While o’er thee thy mother weep

Sweet babe in thy face,

Holy image I can trace.

Вариационные ряды длин словоупотребления в фонемах:

4 5 4 1 5

4 3 5 7 3

4 5 4 7 6

3 4 7 4 4

4 4 4 4

3 3 5 2 6 5

4 4 6 5

6 2 3 4 5

4 6 2 2 4

6 4 3 6

4 6 5 6

2 2 7 4 7

4 5 7 4

4 3 6 4 2 3

4 5 4 6

2 2 7 5 7

4 4 4 4

2 7 5 3 6

4 4 4 4

4 4 2 2 4 3

4 4 2 2

4 3 4 2 3 5

Дискретный вариационный ряд длины словоформ в фонемах в данном
стихотворении будет таков:

X1234567N115134114129

Где так же, как и в предыдущем примере, X – признак (количество фонем в
слове), N – сумма всех вариант,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– варианты,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– число
повторений вариант.

N = 105
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Очевидным является то, что дискретные вариантные ряды двух стихотворений
сильно отличаются друг от друга, это можно представить нагляднее, если
вместо абсолютных частот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 указать относительные частоты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 в процентах:
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*100%0,95%14,28%12,38%39,04%13,33%11,42%8,57%

Различие между длинами словоформ в рассматриваемых стихотворениях
состоит в том, что у английского автора преобладают слова в четыре
фонемы (39,04%), в то время как у Зинаиды Гиппиус – в шесть. Так же
несложно заметить, что количество вариантов в стихотворении «The Cradle
Song» значительно меньше, чем в «Свободный стих».

2.2 Непрерывные вариационные ряды

Непрерывные вариационные ряды, как и дискретные, широко распространены в
анализе устной и звучащей речи, так как здесь значения признака:

длина

частота

интенсивность звука

могут отличаться друг от друга на как угодно малую величину. Поскольку
отличия между вариантами имеют непрерывный характер, используется только
интервальное построение вариационного ряда. Для исследования данных
фонетических аспектов нужны специальные измерительные приборы для
замеров звучания слогов. Несмотря на невозможность проведения данного
анализа, я расскажу о его основном принципе.

При наличии результатов эмпирических исследований, создаются непрерывные
интервальные ряды, где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 – длина слогов в мс, а интервалы вариант
выглядят следующим образом –
(picscalex1290100090000030d01000002001c000000000005000000090200000000050
00000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b02000
00000050000000c02200200041200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0fffff
fa6ffffffc0030000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000050001c0
00000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d6
16e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577ba136654040000002d01000008000000320a8001360
301000000297908000000320a80015c01010000002c791c000000fb0220ff00000000000
09001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff377202
0f577ba136654040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320ae0019f020100000
0327908000000320ae001dc000100000031791c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010
000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577ba1
36654040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a8001f601010000007879080
00000320a80014c000100000078790a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c0
00000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d0054ba136654000
00a0021008a010000000001000000bcf31200040000002d01010004000000f0010000030
000000000,
(picscalex135010009000003e100000002001c000000000005000000090200000000050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),
(picscalex1300100090000035d01000002001c000000000005000000090200000000050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) и так далее.

Ширина интервала определяется по формуле Стерджесса:

picscalex1430100090000037a01000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000
0000050000000c02400420091200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff
b4ffffffe0080000f40300000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000f0000800
0000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d0100000500000014020002940205000000
13020002d5081c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577051966dc040000002d0101000800
0000320a88037b07010000004e7908000000320a7201920601000000787908000000320a
7201c00201000000787908000000320a60023a00010000006b791c000000fb0220ff0000
000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19f
f3772020f577051966dc040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320ae803aa06
01000000327909000000320ad2013b07030000006d696e6509000000320ad20169030300
00006d6178651c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577051966dc040000002d0101000400
0000f001020009000000320a8803ad04030000006c6f676508000000320a8803a3020100
0000316f1c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0000
b4140a28a0f11200d89ff377e19ff3772020f577051966dc040000002d01020004000000
f001010008000000320a88038d03010000002b6f08000000320a72016005010000002d6f
08000000320a60025e01010000003d6f0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000000
1c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00dc051966dc
00000a0021008a010000000001000000bcf31200040000002d01010004000000f0010200
030000000000.

При этом интервальная разность k округляется до ближайшего целого числа,
число интервалов l определяется из выражения
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.

2.3 Графическое построение дискретных лингвистических вариационных рядов
для рассматриваемых стихотворений

Несмотря на его простоту, слабой стороной табличного описания колебания
признака является недостаточная наглядность. Поэтому для достижения
большей наглядности я использую графическое изображение интересующего
меня распределения (длин словоформ по фонемам) – многоугольник
распределения признака (полигон).
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0000102ffffff0005000000090200000000040000002c0100000700000016042d0142021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2.4 Ряды распределения дискретных случайных величин

Так как дискретная случайная величина может принимать возможные значения
с различными вероятностями, чтобы охарактеризовать её в статистическом
смысле, необходимо указать вероятности всех её значений.

Законом распределения вероятностей дискретной случайной величины
называется таблица соответствия между возможными значениями этой
величины и их вероятностями. Эта таблица – ряд распределения дискретной
случайной величины.

Для первого стихотворения:
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.12380.09520.07620.12380.13330.17140.1
0470.07620.0476
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.028500.0095000000.0095

Для второго стихотворения:
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.0950.14280.12380.39040.13330.11420.0857

По определению, сумма вероятностей событий в каждом из стихотворений
должна быть равна 1

Сделаю проверку результатов. Для первого стихотворения:
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.1238 + 0.0952 + 0.0762 + 0.1238 + 0.1333 + 0.1714 + 0.1047 + 0.0762 +
0.0476 + 0.0285 + 0.0095 + 0.0095 =
0.9997picscalex100010009000003c900000002001c0000000000050000000902000000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 –

подсчёты произведены с небольшой погрешностью

Для второго стихотворения:
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.095 + 0.1428 + 0.1238 + 0.3904 + 0.1333 + 0.1142 + 0.0857 =
0.997picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c00000000000500000009020000000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Из данных результатов следует, что предыдущие исследования сделаны без
ошибок.

2.5 Математическое ожидание дискретной случайной величины

Математическим ожиданием дискретной случайной величины Х называется
сумма произведений её всех возможных значений на соответствующие
вероятности, обозначается через М(Х).

Если случайная величина принимает значения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, соответственно с вероятностями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,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…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, то
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Стоит заметить, что математическое ожидание является величиной
постоянной, его часто называют статистическим значением случайной
величины, а также центром распределения, так как около него группируются
отдельные значения случайной величины.

Для «Свободного стихотворения»:

M(X)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000000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 =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.1238
+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.0952
+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.0762
+
4picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000000050
00000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b02000
00000050000000c02400120011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0fffff
f06000000e0000000460100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000010001c0
00000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0000b2200a28a0f
11200d89ff377e19ff3772020f577c5046638040000002d01000008000000320a2001280
0010000002a790a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070
000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d0000c504663800000a0021008a01000
00000ffffffffbcf31200040000002d01010004000000f00100000300000000000.1238
+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.1333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.1714
+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.1047
+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.0762
+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.0476
+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.0285
+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.0095
+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.0095
= 5.0738

Для «The Cradle Song»:

M(X)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000000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 =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.095+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.1428+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.1238+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.3904+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.1333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.1142
+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.0857
= 4.1797

Соответственно,
M(X)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000000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>
M(X)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000000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,
исходя из данного результата можно утверждать, что первое стихотворение
сложнее для восприятия на слух, чем второе, что немаловажно для анализа
звучащей речи.

2.6 Дисперсия дискретной случайной величины

Дисперсией дискретной случайной величины Х называется математическое
ожидание квадрата её отклонения от среднего статистического значения и
обозначается через D(X).
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Для первого стихотворения:

D(X)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000000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=
0.1238(1 – 5.0738
)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000000050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.0952(2 –
5.0738)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000
00005000000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000
b0200000000050000000c02e00100011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000e
0ffffffb7ffffffe0000000970100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706500002
0001c000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e6577205
26f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577d420662a040000002d01000008000000320af
4003d000100000032790a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021
000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d0000d420662a00000a0021008
a0100000000ffffffff5cf31200040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000+
0.0762(3 –
5.0738)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000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.1238(4 –
5.0738)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000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.1333(5 – 5.0738
)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000000050
00000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b02000
00000050000000c02e00100011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000e0fffff
fb7ffffffe0000000970100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000020001c0
00000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d6
16e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577350c6660040000002d01000008000000320af4003d0
00100000032790a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070
000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d0000350c666000000a0021008a01000
00000ffffffff5cf31200040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000+
0.1714(6 – 5.0738
)picscalex450100090000039d00000002001c0000000000050000000902000000000500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.1047(7 –
5.0738)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000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.0762(8 –
5.0738)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000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.0476(9 –
5.0738)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000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.0285(10 – 5.0738
)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000000050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.0095(12 – 5.0738
)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000000050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.0095(18 – 5.0738
)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000000050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=
8.0928

Для второго стихотворения:

D(X)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000000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=
0.095(1 –
4.1797)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000
00005000000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000
b0200000000050000000c02e00100011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000e
0ffffffb7ffffffe0000000970100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706500002
0001c000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e6577205
26f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577560d665d040000002d01000008000000320af
4003d000100000032790a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021
000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d0000560d665d00000a0021008
a0100000000ffffffff5cf31200040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000+
0.1428(2 –
4.1797)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000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.1238(3 –
4.1797)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000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.3904(4 –
4.1797)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000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.1333 (5 –
4.1797)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000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.1142(6 –
4.1797)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000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.0857(7 –
4.1797)picscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000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= 2.9732

2.7 Энтропия дискретной случайной величины

Теория энтропии – основа современной теории информации, которая является
актуальным направлением исследований в области теории вероятностей и
высшей математики в целом. Энтропия является информационной
характеристикой дискретной случайной величины. Вычисляется она по
формуле К. Шеннона:
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Для первого стихотворения H(X) = 3,282844098 бит

Для второго стихотворения H(X) = 2,675265 бит

Энтропия в лингвистике – это одна из наиболее универсальных
теоретико-информационных характеристик текста. Это показатель сложности
текста в теоретико-информационном смысле.

Из данных результатов несложно сделать вывод, что стиль и звучание
«Свободного стихотворения» Зинаиды Гиппиус намного сложнее стихотворения
«The Cradle Song». Оно более вариативно и несколько труднее
воспринимается на слух.

2.8 Вероятность появления гласных звуков в стихотворениях, сравнение

Рассчитать вероятность гласных звуков в стихотворении будет не сложно,
тем не менее, результаты данного исследования дадут нам возможность
сравнить стихотворения по уровню их певучести, плавности.

Обозначим количество гласных звуков в первом стихотворении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, во втором –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По результатам подсчётов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216,
picscalex1140100090000030501000002001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000
0000050000000c02600220031200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff
a6ffffffe0020000060200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000070001c00
0000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577291c665a040000002d01000008000000320ae0018902
01000000297908000000320ae0010d0201000000327908000000320ae001b00101000000
28791c000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720
526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577291c665a040000002d01010004000000f001
000008000000320ae001e70002000000e3eb1c000000fb0280fe00000000000090010100
00000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577291c
665a040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a800122000100000059eb0a00
000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc020000
00cc0102022253797374656d005a291c665a00000a0021008a010000000001000000bcf3
1200040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 = 205, но это ещё не
значит, что русское стихотворение певучей английского, для этого следует
рассчитать вероятности
picscalex1060100090000030501000002001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000
0000050000000c02600200031200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff
a6ffffffc0020000060200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000070001c00
0000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577641d669c040000002d01000008000000320ae0017102
01000000297908000000320ae001060201000000317908000000320ae001c20101000000
28791c000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720
526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577641d669c040000002d01010004000000f001
000008000000320ae001f90002000000e3eb1c000000fb0280fe00000000000090010100
00000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577641d
669c040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a800146000100000050eb0a00
000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc020000
00cc0102022253797374656d009c641d669c00000a0021008a010000000001000000bcf3
1200040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 и
picscalex1200100090000030501000002001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000
0000050000000c02600220031200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff
a6ffffffe0020000060200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000070001c00
0000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577f31d662b040000002d01000008000000320ae0019b02
01000000297908000000320ae0011f0201000000327908000000320ae001c20101000000
28791c000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720
526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577f31d662b040000002d01010004000000f001
000008000000320ae001f90002000000e3eb1c000000fb0280fe00000000000090010100
00000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577f31d
662b040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a800146000100000050eb0a00
000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc020000
00cc0102022253797374656d002bf31d662b00000a0021008a010000000001000000bcf3
1200040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000 по общей формуле
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picscalex1090100090000032802000002001c0000000000050000000902000000000500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 – для
первого стихотворения, соответственно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picscalex1190100090000030202000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000500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picscalex1110100090000030202000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000500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picscalex1220100090000035901000002001c0000000000050000000902000000000500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Очевидно то, что в стихотворении Вильяма Блейка вероятность появления
гласных звуков превышает соответствующую вероятность в стихотворении
Зинаиды Гиппиус, поэтому можно с полной уверенностью утверждать, что
произведение «The Cradle Song» названо автором как нельзя кстати –
«колыбельная» – певучая, плавная, спокойная.

2.9 Коэффициент темпа речи

T=picscalex1220100090000036701000003001c00000000000500000009020000000005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Где n – количество знаменательных слов,

Р – количество подлежащих,

S – количество сказуемых,

N – количество простых предложений,
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 –
количество двусоставных предложений.

Для «Свободного стихотворения»:

T=picscalex1120100090000033701000003001c00000000000500000009020000000005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9.33

Для «Колыбельной»:

T=picscalex1120100090000033f01000003001c00000000000500000009020000000005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.23

Темп речи первого стихотворения значительно превышает соответствующий
показатель во втором, отсюда следует, что второе стихотворение более
спокойное, плавное, что снова подтверждает, что Вильям Блейк отлично
подобрал название для своего творения.

3. Объединённый коэффициент синтаксической и ритмомелодической сложности

Так как предметами моего исследования являются два стихотворения, то
формула для расчета объединённого коэффициента синтаксической и
ритмомелодической сложности может сыграть огромную роль в изучении
данных текстов с точки зрения устной и звучащей речи и выявлении разницы
между ними.

Общая формула выглядит следующим образом:

Сл =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Где n – количество знаменательных слов,

Tpicscalex1000100090000039d00000002001c000000000005000000090200000000050
00000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b02000
00000050000000c02400200011200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000e0fffff
fa6ffffffe0000000e60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000060001c0
00000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d6
16e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577a11c668f040000002d01000008000000320ae001390
001000000e1790a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070
000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d0000a11c668f00000a0021008a01000
00000ffffffff5cf31200040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000-
количество безударных слогов,

l – количество строк,

N =105, как нам известно из предыдущих исследований.

Слpicscalex1000100090000035d01000003001c00000000000500000009020000000005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.0762

Слpicscalex1000100090000035c01000003001c00000000000500000009020000000005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.314

Из данных подсчётов можно сделать вывод, что стихотворение
воспринимается на слух сложнее, чем стихотворение Вильяма Блейка.

4. Вывод

Рассмотренное исследование наглядно иллюстрирует возможности методов
математической статистики и теории вероятностей в задачах математической
лингвистики. Там, где одной только интуиции читателя недостаточно, так
как она всегда субъективна и недостаточно достоверна, применяется
математический подход – строгий, объективный, основывающийся на
математической модели стиля определенного вида. В моём примере была
рассмотрена вероятностная модель текста – наиболее распространённая для
решения сложных задач лингвистического анализа, но отнюдь не
единственная.

Сравнив «Свободное стихотворение» Зинаиды Гиппиус и «The Cradle Song»
Вильяма Блейка с помощью методов математической статистики и теории
вероятностей, я пришла к выводу, что стиль Зинаиды Гиппиус более
разнообразный, сложный, непредсказуемый, а стихотворение английского
поэта – более плавное, спокойное, певучее, мелодичное, легко
воспринимающееся на слух.

5. Список литературы

1. Р.Г. Пиотровский, К.Б. Бектаев, А.А. Пиотровская, Математическая
Лингвистика, – М.: Высшая школа, 1977

2. В.В. Савченко, Теория вероятностей и математическая статистика:
Конспект лекций, – Н. Новгород: НГЛУ, 2003

3. В.В. Савченко, В. В. Ретивина, Математика и информатика для
лингвистов, краткий конспект лекций, – Н. Новгород: НГЛУ, 2006

4. ВВ Власов, Конспект лекций по высшей математике, – М.: Айрис, 1997

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