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Прецедентные феномены в английском языке

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Aaaaeaiea

Aeaiiay ?aaioa iinayuaia eco/aieth i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia (ia
iaoa?eaea aiaeeeneiai ycuea)

Eioa?an e aeaiiie ?aaioa aucaai iaaeinoaoeii eioi?iaoeee i
i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiao.

Eco/aiea i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia i?aaenoaaeyaony aanueia aaaeiui, oae
eae ciaiea oieaa?naeueiuo e iaoeeiiaeueii-i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia
yaeyaony iieacaoaeai i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe e aeaiiie yiioa e e eoeueoo?a
no?aiu eco/aaiiai ycuea; i?aoeaaeaioiua oaiiiaiu aoiaeyo a eieeaeoeaiua
oiiiaua ciaiey eeiaaieoeueoo?iiai niiauanoaa e yaeythony nouanoaaiiui
yeaiaioii eoeueoo?iie a?aiioiinoe ycueiaie ee/iinoe.

Aeooaeueiinoue eco/aiey aeaiiie i?iaeaiu aic?anoaao a nayce n
oaaee/aieai /enea iieeoe/aneeo, yeiiiie/aneeo e eoeueoo?iuo eiioaeoia n
aiaei-aiai?yueie no?aiaie, iaiaoiaeeiinoueth iiaeaioiaee niaoeeaeenoia
ii iaaeeoeueoo?iie eiiioieeaoeee.

Aeaiiay ?aaioa niinianoaoao oi?ie?iaaieth aunieiai o?iaiy
iaaeeoeueoo?iie eiiioieeaoeaiie eiiiaoaioeee ethaeae, eco/athueo
aiaeeeneee ycue.

Oeaeue: eco/eoue i?aoeaaeaioiue oaiiiai, aai ?ieue eae iineoaey
eoeueoo?iie eioi?iaoeee.

Aeey aeinoeaeaiey oeaee aeaiiiai enneaaeiaaiey, auee iinoaaeaiu
neaaeothuea caaea/e:

1) eco/eoue i?eciaee IO; 2) aeaoue eo eeanneoeeaoeeth; 3) ii?aaeaeeoue
enoi/ieee IO;

4) auynieoue ninoaa IO; 5) ii?aaeaeeoue eo ?ieue a iaaeeoeueoo?iie
eiiioieeaoeee.

Iauaeo enneaaeiaaiey: i?aoeaaeaioiue oaiiiai.

Aeiioaca: iu i?aaeiieaaaai, /oi

1) a ia?eiae eioaineaiie aeiaaeecaoeee aic?anoaao /enei oieaa?naeueiuo
i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia, ciaiea eioi?uo noaiiaeony iaycaoaeueiui
oneiaeai iieo/aiey iieiioeaiiuo oiiiauo ciaiee, niinianoaothueo
yooaeoeaiiio aeeaeiao eoeueoo? a i?ioeanna iaaeeoeueoo?iie
eiiioieeaoeee;

2) iaeiei ec iniiaiuo enoi/ieeia i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia noaiiaeony
Eioa?iao eae iaeaieaa ianniaia e iiaeeueiia n?aaenoai eiiioieeaoeee.

I. I?AOeAAeAIOU EAE OAIIIAIU ssCUEA, NICIAIEss E EOEUeOO?U

1.1. Niaoeeoeea eeiaaieoeueoo?iiai iai?aaeaiey

Eaaeaeue /aeiaae i?eiaaeeaaeeo e ii?aaeae?iiie iaoeeiiaeueiie eoeueoo?a,
aeeth/athuae iaoeeiiaeueiua o?aaeeoeee, ycue, enoi?eth, eeoa?aoo?o.
Yeiiiie/aneea, eoeueoo?iua e iao/iua eiioaeou no?ai e eo ia?iaeia
aeaeatho aeooaeueiuie oaiu, naycaiiua n enneaaeiaaieai iaaeeoeueoo?iuo
eiiioieeaoeee, niioiioaiey ycueia e eoeueoo?, eco/aieai ycueiaie
ee/iinoe.

Eeiaaenoeea eae iaoea, eco/athuay iauea i?ioeannu ycuea, aiieia
caeiiiia?ii e o?aaeeoeeiiii ia?auaaony e aii?inai eoeueoo?u eae
aniiiiaaoaeueiiio iaoa?eaeo aeey aieaa aeoaieiai i?iieeiiaaiey a nooue
ycueiauo yaeaiee. Ana enneaaeiaaoaee, eco/athuea acaeiiiaoneiaeaiiinoue
ycuea e eoeueoo?u enoiaeyo ec iieiaeaiey, /oi acaeiiioiioaiea ycuea e
eoeueoo?u i?aaenoaaeyaony eae oaeoi? acaeiiiai ?acaeoey e nouanoaiaaiey.

A nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo ia?aeeaeueii n aeeiaie/aneeie eciaiaieyie ia?aca
aeecie ethaeae iaiyaony e ycueiaie aeon. E ioaeeoeenoeea, e aeeaay ?a/ue
ianuuaiu iiauie neiaaie, iacaaieyie, iiaui eiioaenoii; cia/eoaeueii
eiee/anoai eaeneee n iaoeeiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iie ioeaii/iinoueth –
iineiaeoeu, iiaiai?ee, o?acaieiaeciu, e?ueaoua neiaa e i?aoeaaeaioiua
oaiiiaiu.

Y.Naie? ienae: “sscue – yoi iooaaiaeeoaeue, i?eia?aoathuee an? aieueooth
cia/eiinoue a ea/anoaa ?oeiaiaeyuaai ia/aea a iao/iii eco/aiee
eoeueoo?u”.

Eeiaaieoeueoo?ieiaey (io eao. lingua – ycue, cultura – eoeueoo?a, logos
– o/aiea) – iao/iay aeenoeeieeia neioace?othuaai oeia, eco/athuay
acaeiinaycue e acaeiiaeaenoaea eoeueoo?u e ycuea a aai ooieoeeiie?iaaiee
e io?aaeathuay yoio i?ioeann eae oeaeinoioth no?oeoo?o aaeeieoe a
aaeeinoaa eo ycueiaiai e aiaycueiaiai niaea?aeaiey. Iauaeoii
eeiaaieoeueoo?ieiaee yaeyaony enneaaeiaaiea acaeiinayce e
acaeiiaeaenoaey eoeueoo?u e ycuea a i?ioeanna eo ooieoeeiie?iaaiey, a
i?aaeiaoii – iaoa?eaeueiay e aeooiaiay eoeueoo?a, nicaeaiiay /aeiaaeii,
o.a. an? oi, /oi ninoaaeyao „ycueiaoth ea?oeio ie?a“. Iaoiaeeony a e?oao
niaaeiuo iaoe: nioeeieeiaaenoeee, yoiieeiaaenoeee, ineoieeiaaenoeee,
eeiaaino?aiiaaaeaiey, eoeueoo?ieiaee.

Eeiaaieoeueoo?ieiaey – iaeii ec aaaeoueo iai?aaeaiee eeiaaenoe/aneeo
enneaaeiaaiee.

Yoa aeenoeeieeia naycaia n oeeinioeae, iaoeeiiaeueiui oa?aeoa?ii,
iaioaeeoaoii. Iia i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iaeoth niaieoiiinoue ciaiee i
iaoeeiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iie niaoeeoeea, i?aaiecaoeee niaea?aeaiey ?a/aaiai
iauaiey.

Nia?aiaiiua oaenou ianuuaiu iaoeeiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iuie noa?aioeiaie;
eioi?ua yaeythony aaaeiui oaeoi?ii aeinooiiinoe e aini?eyoey oaenoia
aeey ethaeae, eco/athueo eiino?aiiue ycue. Eiino?aiaoe, eco/athuee ycue
e eoeueoo?o ae?oaie no?aiu, anaaaea i?iyaeyao eioa?an e ethaeyi yoie
no?aiu, naiaia?aceth eo aiaoiinoe, i?eau/ae e ii?i iiaaaeaiey,
iaioaeeoaoa. Eae i?aaeei, /aeiaae eioa?anoaony e oai, eae ethaee ae?oaie
iaoeeiiaeueiinoe aini?eieiatho ie?oaeathuee ie?, eaeeie oeaiiinoyie i?e
yoii iia?e?otho. N ae?oaie noi?iiu, eiino?aiaoe no?aieony iiiyoue iiaoth
eoeueoo?ioth n?aaeo, n?aaieaay aa oaiiiaiu n oaiiiaiaie ?iaeiie eee
ie?iaie eoeueoo?u.

1.2 Iiiyoea i?aoeaaeaioiinoe

I?aoeaaeaio (io eao. praecedens – eaeouee aia?aaee, i?aaeoanoaothuee) –
1) neo/ae, eiaaoee ?aiaa ianoi e neoaeauee i?eia?ii eee ii?aaaeaieai
aeey iineaaeothueo neo/aaa iiaeiaiiai ?iaea; 2) th?. ?aoaiea noaea eee
eaeiai-eeai ae?oaiai i?aaia, auianaiiia ii eiie?aoiiio aeaeo e
iaycaoaeueiia i?e ?aoaiee aiaeiae/iuo aeae a iineaaeothuai.

Oaiiiai (a?. ?hainomenon yaeythuaany) – 1)oee. oi aea, /oi yaeaiea; a
eaeaaeenoe/aneie oeeinioee – noauaeoeaiia niaea?aeaiea iaoaai niciaiey,
ia io?aaeathuaa iauaeoeaiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe; a oeeinioee Eaioa
i?ioeaiiinoaaeyaony iioiaio; 2) ?aaeeia, iaiau/iia yaeaiea eee
auaeathueeny, eneeth/eoaeueiue a eaeii-eeai ioiioaiee /aeiaae.

I?aoeaaeaioiue oaiiiai – oaiiiaiu, cia/eiua aeey oie eee eiie ee/iinoe a
iiciaaaoaeueiii e yiioeeiiaeueiii ioiioaieyo, eiathuea naa?oee/iinoiue
oa?aeoa?, o.a. oi?ioi ecaanoiua e ie?oaeaieth aeaiiie ee/iinoe, aeeth/ay
e i?aaeoanoaaiieeia, e nia?aiaiieeia, e, iaeiiaoe, oaeea, ia?auaiea e
eioi?ui aiciaiiaeyaony iaiaeiie?aoii a aeeneo?na aeaiiie ycueiaie
ee/iinoe.

1.3 I?eciaee IO

I?eciaee oaiiiaiia i?aoeaaeaioiinoe:

ue IO oi?ioi ecaanoiu anai i?aaenoaaeoaeyi
iaoeeiiaeueii-eeiaai-eoeueoo?iiai niiauanoaa;

ue IO aeooaeueiu a eiaieoeaiii (iiciaaaoaeueiii e yiioeeiiaeueiii) ieaia
(ca i?aoeaaeaioiui oaiiiaiii anaaaea noieo iaeia i?aaenoaaeaiea i i?i,
iauaa e iaycaoaeueiia aeey anao iineoaeae oiai eee eiiai
iaoeeiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai iaioaeeoaoa);

ue Aiaeeyoeey e IO iinoiyiii aiciaiiaeyaony a ?a/e i?aaenoaaeoaeae oiai
eee eiiai iaoeeiiaeueii-eeiaai-eoeueoo?iiai niiauanoaa;

ue IO ia iaycaoaeueii aeieaeiu eiaoue neiaaniia au?aaeaiea. O?aaiaiou
eeiioeeueiia a ?aii?oaaeao – oiaea IO.

1.4 Ninoaa IO

Eeiaaenou auaeaeytho neaaeothuoth eeanneoeeaoeeth i?aoeaaeaioiuo
oaiiiaiia:

· i?aoeaaeaioiua oaenou (IO),

· i?aoeaaeaioiua auneacuaaiey (IA),

· i?aoeaaeaioiua eiaia (IE)

· i?aoeaaeaioiua neooaoeee (IN),

Eeiaaenou aeatho neaaeothuoth eeanneoeeaoeeth i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia:
i?aoeaaeaioiua neooaoeee (IN), i?aoeaaeaioiua oaenou (IO),
i?aoeaaeaioiua eiaia (IE) e i?aoeaaeaioiua auneacuaaiey (IA).

1.4.1. I?aoeaaeaioiue oaeno – 1. Caeii/aiiue e naiiaeinoaoi/iue i?iaeoeo
?a/aiuneeoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe; iieei?aaeeeaoeaiay aaeeieoea; neiaeiue
ciae, noiia cia/aiee eioi?iai ia ?aaia aai niuneo; IO oi?ioi ciaeii
ethaiio n?aaeiaio /eaio iaoeeiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai niiauanoaa; a
eiaieoeaioth aaco aeaeeo aa?eaio aai aini?eyoey. 2. Ethaay
oa?aeoa?ecothuayny oeaeueiinoueth e nayciinoueth iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue
ciaeiauo aaeeieoe, iaeaaeathuay oeaiiinoiie cia/eiinoueth aeey
ii?aaeaeaiiie eoeueoo?iie a?oiiu.

Iai?eia?, Imagine nothing to kill or die for.

A aeaiiii eicoiaa aaoi? i?eaiaeeo ciaiaieooth oeeoaoo ec ianie Ae.
Eaiiiia “Imagine”.

Iai?eia?: “Try to put a quart into a pint pot” – iuoaoueny naeaeaoue
iaaiciiaeiia, oioaoue iaaiciiaeiiai.

1.4.2. I?aoeaaeaioiia auneacuaaiea – ?ai?iaeooee?oaiue i?iaeoeo
?a/aiuneeoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe; caeii/aiiay e naiiaeinoaoi/iay
aaeeieoea, eioi?ay iiaeao auoue eee ia auoue i?aaeeeaoeaiie; neiaeiue
ciae. Noiia cia/aiee eiiiiiaioia eioi?iai ia ?aaia aai niuneo.

Iai?eia?, All men are brothers.

Aaoi? eicoiaa nnueaaony ia ecaanoiia ec?a/aiea Eiioooeey, eioi?ia
oiio?aaeyaony iianaianoii aeey i?ecuaia anao ia?iaeia e ie?o.

1.4.3. I?aoeaaeaioiia eiy – eiaeeaeaeoaeueiia eiy, naycaiiia eee n
oe?iei ecaanoiui oaenoii, ioiinyueiny, eae i?aaeei, e /eneo
i?aoeaaeaioiuo, eee n neooaoeeae, oe?iei ecaanoiie iineoaeyi ycuea e
aunooiathuae eae i?aoeaaeaioiay.

Iai?eia?: Bush and Dick are in the White House

And we’re the ones getting screwed!

Ie aeaeyony ia:

· aio?iiiieiu (nianoaaiiua eiaia ethaeae)

Iai?eia?: Bushtcher.

N iiiiuueth iauaaeeiaiey aeaoo eaenai – “Bush” e “butcher” (aiae.
iyniee) – aaoi? nicaea?o iieenaiaioe/aneee yooaeo a oaenoa eicoiaa e
iaiaeaao ia oi, /oi ec-ca aiaiiie iieeoeee Aeae. Aooa aeaioo nioie
iaaeiiuo ethaeae.

· oaiieiu (nianoaaiiua eiaia aiaeanoa)

· eaeaiieiu (nianoaaiiua eiaia iauaeoia aeooiaiie eoeueoo?u)

Iai?eia?: “When Adam delved and Eve span who was the gentleman?” –
“Eiaaea iaoae Aaeai e i?yea Aaa, aaea ?iaeineiaiia noiyei ae?aai?”

Aeaiiay ?aaeey eniieuecoaony aeey au?aaeaiey e?iie/aneiai ioiioaiey e
/aeiaaeo, ee/auaiony naiae ?iaeineiaiie.

1.4.4. I?aoeaaeaioiay neooaoeey – iaeay «yoaeiiiay», «eaeaaeueiay»
neooaoeey, naycaiiay n iaai?ii ii?aaeaeaiiuo eiiiioaoeee,
aeeooa?aioeeaeueiua i?eciaee eioi?uo aoiaeyo a eiaieoeaioth aaco.

Iai?eia?: Aeaei?aeae Aoo a naiae iaaeaaiae ?a/e ii iiaiaeo aieiu a E?aea
cayaee: «Aea, Aia?eea ai?aaeanue a E?ae, eae o?aaai «Eao?eia»…» (?a/ue
Aooa ii iiaiaeo aieiu a E?aea)

Ninoaa i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia iiaeaeaeai. Iaeie i?aoeaaeaiou
onoa?aaatho e auiaaeatho ec oiio?aaeaiey, ae?oaea i?eia?aoatho
aeiiieieoaeueiua niuneu e oaeei ia?acii niinianoaotho iiyaeaieth iiauo
i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia. ?acaeoea iauanoaa, niaia ii?aeueiuo oeaiiinoae
oaeaea aeeytho ia eciaiaiey a ninoaaa i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia. Ioiaoei,
/oi ?aiueoa i?aoeaaeaioiuie noaiiaeeenue eiaia, au?aaeaiey, neooaoeee,
naycaiiua n o/aiuie (Yeiooaei – i?aoeaaeaioiua eiaia, «Ya?eea!» –
i?aoeaaeaioiia auneacuaaiea), ooaeiaeanoaaiiuie i?iecaaaeaieyie e
enoi?e/aneeie niauoeyie (Oeoaiee – i?aoeaaeaioiia eiy, aeooaeece?othuaa
i?aoeaaeaioioth neooaoeeth). Naaiaeiy, n aic?inoae iiioey?iinoueth
oaeaaeaeaiey, i?aoeaaeaioiuie noaiiayony nei?aa iacaaiey ianooaaiuo
oaeaaeceiiiuo i?iaeoia, oeeueiia, caaeaaey eiea, eiaia iieeoeeia e
iauanoaaiiuo aeayoaeae. Iai?eia?, iiioey?iay ai anai ie?a eieaa «Aa??e
Iiooa?», ecaanoiua oaeaaeceiiiua oio, eiaia iieeoeeia, noaaoea
i?aoeaaeaioiuie.

EEANNEOEEAOeEss

Nouanoaoao aua iaeia eeanneoeeaoeey IO, ii nioeeaeueiie cia/eiinoe
?ani?ino?aiaiey, i?aaenoaaeaiiay A. A. Neuoeeiui:

1) nioeeoiii-i?aoeaaeaioiua – oaiiiaiu, ecaanoiua ethaiio n?aaeiaio
i?aaenoaaeoaeth oiai eee eiiai nioeeoia. A aeo?iaeenoneeo oaenoao ia
eniieuecothony, o. e. ecaanoiu iaeaiueeiio e?oao ethaeae.

A naith i/a?aaeue nioeeoiii-i?aoeaaeaioiua oaiiiaiu aeaeyony ia
iae?ia?oiiiaua e iee?ia?oiiiaua.

Iae?ia?oiiiaua oaiiiaiu – oaiiiaiu, i?aoeaaeaioiua aeey aieueoie a?oiiu
ethaeae (iai?eia?, i?ioanneiiaeueiay a?oiia, a?oiia iaeiieeannieeia,
nooaeaioia).

Iee?ia?oiiiaua oaiiiaiu – oaiiiaiu, i?aoeaaeaioiua aeey iaeaiueeie
a?oiiu ethaeae (iai?eia?, naiaeiay a?oiia).

2) iaoeeiiaeueii-i?aoeaaeaioiua – oaiiiaiu, ecaanoiua ethaiio n?aaeiaio
i?aaenoaaeoaeth oiai eee eiiai iaoeeiiaeueii-eeiaai-eoeueoo?iiai
niiauanoaa;

Ii anoanoaaiiui i?e/eiai, /ai iaei/eneaiiaa yoie/aneay a?oiia, oai
iaiueoa /enei aa i?aaenoaaeoaeae, /uey ecaanoiinoue auoea ca
iaoeeiiaeueiua ?aiee, ii, a oi aea a?aiy, oai iiceoeaiaa ie?aoaii
oeaiiinoiia ioiioaiea ia?iaea e iei. I?aoeaaeaioiue oaiiiai a iaeuo
eoeueoo?ao /aua ea?aao ?ieue oaoeoa, iaaeaee a eoeueoo?ao iiiai/eneaiiuo
ia?iaeia. I?aaenoaaeoaee iaeuo ia?iaeia e?aeia aieaciaiii ?aaae?otho ia
iaaaoeaiua auneacuaaiey i naieo auaeathueony i?aaenoaaeoaeyo. Yoio oaeo
iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue a i?ioeanna iaaeeoeueoo?iiai iauaiey.
I?aaenoaaeoaee iiiai/eneaiiuo ia?iaeia, aeey eioi?uo e?eoe/aneia
ioiioaiea e ei?eoayi /anoi yaeyaony aii?inii iiaeu, eaaei iiaoo
iioa?iaoue ec-ca yoiai eiiioieeaoeaiue i?iaae.

*anoi ?aciua iaoeeiiaeueii-i?aoeaaeaioiua oaiiiaiu a eeiaaieoeueoo?iuo
niiauanoaao aeooaeece?otho iaeii e oi aea yaeaiea eee ea/anoai. *aeiaae
aunieiai ?inoa aeooaeece?oaony aiaeeeneei i?aoeaaeaioiui eiaiai –
Aoeeeaa?. Iieiiai /aeiaaea iiaeii iacaaoue aia?eeaineei i?aoeaaeaioiui
eiaiai – O?ae. I?aoeaaeaioiua eiaia Iy?e Iiiiein, O?yeai Aie iaicia/atho
iyith, ainieoaoaeueieoeo e o.ae.

Iai?eia?, A oeeueia A. Aeaiaeee “Ieieii” iaeei ec ia?niiaaeae, a?iyiei
ii iaoeeiiaeueiinoe, aiai?eo i aeaaooea notha?aeanna: “*oi ou aeey iaa
oaeia? Iia eaaeaeue aeaiue a?oenoia aeaeeo, einiiiaaoia aeaeeo,
aeaaeaieeia aeaeeo, Eooiyia aeaeeo”.

A aeaiiii neo/aa aeey aiai?yuaai eiioeaio Eooiyi caieiaao cia/eiia
ianoi. Aiai?yuaio i?inoi ia i?eoiaeeo a aieiao, /oi eoi-oi iiaeao ia
ciaoue eee ia oeaieoue Eooiyia.

3) oieaa?naeueii-i?aoeaaeaioua eee oeeaeeecaoeeiiiua – oaiiiaiu, eioi?ua
ecaanoiu n?aaeiaio nia?aiaiiiio homo sapiens e aoiaeyo a
«oieaa?naeueiia» eiaieoeaiia i?ino?ainoai.

Iai?eia?:

“A neooaoeee, neiaeeaoaeny a ie?a iinea o?aae/aneeo niauoee 11 naioya?y,
iiiuoee eae-oi neiii?iiaoe?iaaoue ?inneenei-aia?eeaineia nio?oaeie/anoai
aania?niaeoeaiu e iai?eaeyaeiu” (ec niiauaiey aeey ia/aoe a nayce n
ioaeeeaoeeae a aacaoa «Aaoeiaoii Oaein» noaouee A.Aa?oea)

Aaeeinoaaiiui aeaeii IO, eioi?ue iaiaoiaeeii eneeth/eoue, yaeyaony aeae
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia. Oaeia iiiyoea niaea?aeaei au
i?ioeai?a/ea a naiii naaa. Oaiiiai aiieia iiaeao neoaeeoue iniiaie aeey
ia?aciaaiey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai eiioeaioa, ii i?aoeaaeaioiui oaiiiai
noaiiaeony eeoue a i?ioeanna eiiioieeaoeee, eiaaea iineoaeth eiioeaioa
oaeaaony aeiaeoueny oiai, /oiau oaiiiai aue aeeth/ai a nenoaio
oeaiiinoae eaeie-eeai a?oiiu.

Nouanoaotho oaiiiaiu, noaiiayueany i?aoeaaeaioiuie ia ioiineoaeueii
ei?ioeee n?ie e ia oieueei iaecaanoiua i?aaeoanoaaiieeai aeaiiie
ycueiaie ee/iinoe, ii e auoiaeyuea ec oiio?aaeaiey ?aiueoa, /ai niaieony
iieieaiea iineoaeae ycuea (iai?eia?, ?aeeaiiue ?ieee, aiaeaeio). Oai ia
iaiaa, a ia?eiae naiae i?aoeaaeaioiinoe yoe oaiiiaiu iaeaaeatho
oeaiiinoiie cia/eiinoueth, a iniiaaiiua ia ieo ?aieienoeaioeee /anoi
eniieuecothony a aeeneo?na yoiai io?acea a?aiaie.

Iai?eia?:

Nouanoaoao aiaiiay oooea:

“What does marine stand for?

Muscles are required, intelligence not expected”

“*oi i?aaenoaaeyao ec naay ii?neay iaoioa?

Iuooeu o?aaothony, oi iao.

1.4.3. ii n?aaenoaai au?aaeaiey:

a) aa?aaeueiua IO:

· ?aciiia?aciua aa?aaeueiua aaeeieoeu

Iai?eia?: “As rich as Rockefeller”

?ieoaeea? – naiue aiaaoue /aeiaae a enoi?ee.

· oaenou eae i?iaeoeou ?a/aaie aeayoaeueiinoe

Iai?eia?: «God bless hysteria»

I?aoeaaeaioiia auneacuaaiea “God bless America” niaea?aeeony ia anao
aeaiaaeiuo eoith?ao e iiiaoao NOA. A aeaiiii aea neo/aa aaoi? ioo?i
iiaeiaiiai eaaceoeeoe?iaaiey ecaanoiie o?acu iiae/??eeaaao, /oi a NOA
oai?eony oain e i?ineaaeyaony anaiauay enoa?ey.

a) iaaa?aaeueiua IO:

· i?iecaaaeaiey aeeaiiene

Iai?eia?, “oeuaea Iiiu Eecu” oiio?aaeyaony a ea/anoaa eiiieeiaioa.
Eiaoue oeuaeo Iiiu Eecu, cia/eo eiaoue ea?eaoth e caaaaei/ioth oeuaeo.

· A?oeoaeoo?u

Iai?eia?, ciaiaieoua /anu a Eiiaeiia Aea-Aai, yaeythueany naiuie
aunieeie a ie?a. Aeaiiia i?aoeaaeaioiia eiy oiio?aaeyaony aeey n?aaiaiey
aunieiai /aeiaaea n yoei a?oeoaeoo?iui no?iaieai.

1.6 Enoi/ieee i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia

Niaeanii aeaiiui 1999 aiaea (aaoi? Neuoeei A.A.) (ni. i?eeiaeaiea 1)
enoi/ieeaie IO yaeythony:

· iieeoe/aneea ieaeaou, eicoiae

Iai?eia?, An impeachment in the hand is worth 2 Republicans in the Bush.

A aeaiiii i?eia?a i?ienoiaeeo aeaeiiiiceoeey neioaene/aneie aaeeieoeu “A
bird in the hand is worth two in the bush” (aiae. eo/oa neieoea a ?oeao,
/ai aeo?aaeue a iaaa). Oaeei ia?acii, nicaea?ony thii?enoe/aneee yooaeo,
e aeaiiue eicoia iiaeii ia?aaanoe neaaeothuei ia?acii:

Eo/oa eiie/iaio (a ?oeao), /ai aeaa ?anioaeeeaioea n Aooai.

· aoi?eciu

· eeanne/aneea e aeeceea e eeanne/aneei i?iecaaaeaieyi eeoa?aoo?u
(aeeth/ay Aeaeeth, neacee e aeaoneea noeoe) I?aeoe/anee a eaaeaeie
iaoeeiiaeueiie eeoa?aoo?a anoue aaoi?u, ec i?iecaaaeaiee eioi?uo, eiaia
ia?niiaaeae, au?aaeaiey e neooaoeee noaiiayony i?aoeaaeaioiuie. A
aiaeeeneie eeoa?aoo?a – yoi, aaconeiaii, O.Oaenie? (i?aoeaaeaioiua eiaia
Ioaeei, Aaieao, Ei?ieue Ee?, ?iiai e Aeaeoeueaoa; i?aoeaaeaioiia
au?aaeaiea – «Auoue eee ia auoue?»).

· ?aeeaiiua oaenou, aiaeaeiou, iineiaeoeu, caaaaeee, n/eoaeee,
ca?oaaaeiua ianie Yoiieoeueoo?ioth niaoeeoeeo io?aaeatho i?aoeaaeaioiua
oaiiiaiu, yaeythueany iiaiai?eaie, iineiaeoeaie, eee aiaeee?othuea e
ia?iaeiui e iiioey?iui ianiyi («Yesterday» anai ecaanoiay ianiy
aiaeeeneie a?oiiu «Aeoec»).

· oieueeei?

· ia?iaeii-thii?enoe/aneee aeai?

· eeiaiaoia?aoey e ioeueoeieeeaoeey. Yoe i?aoeaaeaiou iiioey?iu. Aeaiiay
a?oiia i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia iinoiyiii iiiieiyaony. Yoiio,
ianiiiaiii, niinianoaotho aeooaeueiinoue iinoaaeaiiie i?iaeaiu, aunieee
i?ioanneiiaeeci ?aaeenna?a e oaeaioeeaay ea?a aeoa?ia, a oaeaea
c?aeeuiinoue ea?oeiu. N?aaee ieo e iacaaiey ecaanoiuo aia?eeaineeo
oeeueiia – «Oa?ieiaoi?», «Caacaeiua aieiu», «Oa?cai»; iacaaiey
ioeueoeieeeaoeeiiiuo oeeueiia – «Oii e Aeaea??e», «*ei e Aeaee»; eiaia
aa?iaa oeeueiia – Aeaeaein Aiiae; eiaia ioeueoeieeeaoeeiiiuo aa?iaa –
Aeiie – Ioo e o.ae.

· neacee – iaeei ec naiuo ?ani?ino?aiaiiuo, i?aeoe/anee oieaa?naeueiuo
oieueeei?iuo aeai?ia. Neacea yaeyaony naiaia?aciie enoi?eae e
nie?iaeuieoeae ia?iaeiie ioae?inoe. Eae i?iyaeaiea ia?iaeiie eoeueoo?u,
neacea niaea?aeeo a naaa niaoeeoe/iua aeey eaaeaeiai yoiina nthaeaou,
ia?acu e neooaoeee, /oi iaoiaeeo au?aaeaiea a eiaiao aeaenoaothueo eeoe,
iacaaieyo aeeaioiuo e ?anoaiee, ianoa aeaenoaey, a naiiauoiuo
o?aaeeoeeiiiuo ycueiauo oi?ioeao. Neaci/iua nthaeaou, ia?acu e
neooaoeee, eiathuea ?aciia iaoeeiiaeueii-niaoeeoe/aneia ioi?ieaiea,
iiaoi?ythony io iieieaiey e iieieaieth, eioa?i?aoe?othony ia?iaeaie, /oi
aeaeaao eo oieaa?naeueiuie i?aoeaaeaioaie, o.a. ecaanoiuie ethaiio
nia?aiaiiiio eiaeeaeaeo. Eiaiii oieaa?naeueiinoue oieueeei?iie neacee
eae aeai?a ninoaaeyao oi iauaa, ia oiia eioi?iai iniaaiii iaaeyaeii
i?aaenoatho iaoeeiiaeueii iaoneiaeaiiua ?acee/ey a ie?iaini?eyoee.
Iaoeeiiaeueiue oa?aeoa? neacie eaaeaeiai yoiina ii?aaeaeyaony aai auoii,
ia?yaeaie, oneiaeyie o?oaea, oieueeei?iuie o?aaeeoeeyie, iniaui
iiyoe/aneei acaeyaeii ia ie? e o.ae.

· Eioa?iao. Niaeanii ?acoeueoaoai enneaaeiaaiey, i?iaaaeaiiiai n?aaee
aa?iiaeoeaa ioeoeeaeueiui noaoenoe/aneei aaaionoaii Aa?inithca –
Aa?inoao, oeaeueth eioi?iai auei ii?aaeaeaiea ?iee Eioa?iaoa a aeecie
ethaeae a caaeneiinoe io o?iaiy eo aeioiaea, ia?aciaaiey e aic?anoa.

· A eoiaa auynieeinue, /oi n?aaee aa?iiaeoeaa Eioa?iaoii iieuecoaony 47%
ianaeaiey. Ieiei 85% aa?iiaeneeo oeie e oieaa?neoaoia, aaea iao/athony
iiae?inoee io 16 aei 24 eao, eiatho aeinooi a Naoue e yoei aeinooiii
iieuecothony ana o/aueany.

· N?aaee noa?oaai iieieaiey aa?iiaeoeaa Eioa?iao ia oae iiioey?ai:
oieueei 13% aa?iiaeoeaa a aic?anoa io 54 aei 74 eao auoiaeyo a naoue.

· Ii ia?aciaaieth oaeaea i?iecioei neeueiia ?anneiaiea iieueciaaoaeae.
N?aaee ethaeae, ia eiathueo eaeiai-eeai ia?aciaaiey, iiieii oeieueiiai,
Naoueth iieuecothony eeoue 25% ii?ioaiiuo. A aio n?aaee oao, eoi eiaao
eaeia-eeai i?ioanneiiaeueiia ia?aciaaiea a Eioa?iao auoiaeyo 52%. E,
iaeiiaoe, n?aaee oao, eoi eiaao iieiia aunoaa ia?aciaaiea, iinoiyiiuie
eioa?iao-iieueciaaoaeyie yaeyaony ii/oe 77% ianaeaiey.

· Oaeaea ecaanoii, /oi i?eia?ii 40% aac?aaioiuo ia?eiaee/anee auoiaeyo a
naoue.

· Ii?in aue i?iaaaeai aaaionoaii Aa?inoao n?aaee 204 029 /aeiaae.

I?iaiaeece?iaaa aeaiioth noaoenoeeo, iu i?eoee e auaiaeo, /oi ca
iineaaeiea 6 eao ?ieue Eioa?iaoa eae enoi/ieea IO cia/eoaeueii au?inea e
i?iaeieaeaao ?anoe. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy Eioa?iao yaeyaony iaeiei ec naiuo
i?iaeoeoeaiuo enoi/ieeia iiiieiaiey IO.

Eae aeaeii ec i?eaaae?iiuo aeaiiuo iaeaieaa i?iaeoeoeaiuie enoi/ieeaie
IO ia oio iiiaio yaeyeenue eeiaiaoia?ao, yno?aaea, oaao?, a oaeaea
ooaeiaeanoaaiiay eeoa?aoo?a. Eioa?iao aeaaea ia oiiieiaeny a /enea
enoi/ieeia.

I?iaiaeece?iaaa enoi/ieee IO, iu naeaeaee auaiae, /oi i?iecioee
eciaiaiey a cia/eiinoe enoi/ieeia, au?inea ?ieue Eioa?iaoa, o.e. ii
yaeyaony naiui ea/anoaaiiui enoi/ieeii iieo/aiey eioi?iaoeee ai anai
ie?a.

Iniaaiiinoe oiio?aaeaiey IO

I?aaeiaoii iaoaai enneaaeiaaiey yaeyaony oaenoiaay eiioeaioinoa?a,
aeeth/athuay a naay oaeoe/aneea naaaeaiey, annioeeaoeee, ia?aciua
i?aaenoaaeaiey, oeaiiinoiua onoaiiaee, naycaiiua a niciaiee iineoaey
ycuea n ecaanoiuie aio oaiiiaiaie. Eae ioia/atho I.E. Ionoaeeoaeee e
TH.A. O?aeaea?, a i?ioeanna iiieiaiey oaiiiaia (eioi?ia aaoi?u
ii?aaeaeytho eae niiniaiinoue aae?anaoa aaia?e?iaaoue iiaua oaiiiaiu ia
aaca onaiaiiuo) iiaeii ?anniao?eaaoue aeaa neo/ay:

1) Aini?eyoea iieo/aiiiai oaiiiaia inoaaeyao a niciaiee iaaa?aaeueiue
neaae eee aaaeao e ia?ano?ieea oacao?ona ciaiee aae?anaoa. Nai oaiiiai
i?e yoii “oie/oiaeaaony” a i?ioeanna aini?eyoey.

2) Aini?eiyoue oaiiiai (oeaeeeii eee o?aaiaioa?ii) inoaaony a niciaiee
aae?anaoa e, caoai, aeeth/aaony ai aiiaue ii?iaeaeaaiua oaiiiaiu a aeaea
o?ainoi?iaoeee eee i?yiuo oeeoao, yaeyynue i?e yoii i?aaeiaoii
?aoeaenee. Yoe nio?aiythueany a niciaiee oaiiiaiu e oi?ie?otho
eiioeaioinoa?o oie eee eiie eoeueoo?ii-ycueiaie a?oiiu.

Iiae aeeyieai eciaiaiee a aeeciaiiie eaeaieiaee iaoeee iai?a?uaii
iaiyaony ei?ion iaoeeiiaeueiuo i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia, i?aaeiea
oaiiiaiu auoaniythony, ia eo ianoi i?eoiaeyo iiaua. ?aieienoeaioeee,
aiaeee?othuea e i?aaeiei i?aoeaaeaioiui oaiiiaiai, ia aini?eieiathony a
ea/anoaa oaeiauo e iiaoo naie i?eia?anoe noaoon i?aoeaaeaioiinoe, noaoue
iniiaie aeey iiauo ?aieienoeaioeee.

Aeaaiaea?y niuneiaie iiaeaeaeiinoe, ia i?ioyaeaiee enoi?e/aneiai
i?ioeanna iaoeeiiaeueii-aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiua ieieiece?iaaiiua
i?aaenoaaeaiey iaeioi?uo i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia eciaieeenue. Ea/anoaa,
eioi?ua i?eienuaathony ei nae/an e eiatho iieiaeeoaeueioth ioeaieo,
iaaaoeaii aini?eieiaeenue iioiieaie e iaiai?io. I?eia?aie iiaoo
neoaeeoue e?oiiua iieeoe/aneea oeao?u, aeeyaoea ia oiae enoi?ee.

?ieue IO a iaaeeoeueoo?iie eiiioieeaoeee

Iaaeeoeueoo?iay eiiioieeaoeey – aaeaeaaoiia acaeiiiiieiaiea aeaoo
o/anoieeia eiiioieeaoeaiiai aeoa, i?eiaaeeaaeaueo e ?aciui
iaoeeiiaeueiui eoeueoo?ai.

I?aaenoaaeoaee ?aciuo eoeueoo? eiatho oa?aeoa?iua
iaoeeiiaeueii-aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiua i?aaenoaaeaiey iaeieo e oao aea
i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia. Ianiaiaaeaiey iaoeeiiaeueiuo eiaa?eaioia
aini?eyoey i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia /anoi noaiiayony enoi/ieeii
eiiioieeaoeaiuo iaoaea/ e iaaeeoeueoo?iuo eiioeeeoia. Aini?eyoea iaeiiai
e oiai aea i?aoeaaeaioiiai oaiiiaia i?aaenoaaeoaeyie ?acee/iuo
eeiaaieoeueoo?iuo niiauanoa aoaeao ii?aaeaeaii iniaaiiinoyie
eoeueoo?iiai e enoi?e/aneiai ?acaeoey eaaeaeiai eeiaaieoeueoo?iiai
niiauanoaa, a i?aaenoaaeaiey, noiyuea ca iaeiei e oai aea i?aoeaaeaioiui
oaiiiaiii, a oie eee eiie noaiaie ?acee/athony o i?aaenoaaeoaeae ?aciuo
eeiaaieoeueoo?iuo niiauanoa.

Eco/aiea ie?a iineoaeae ycuea iai?aaeaii ia oi, /oiau iiii/ue iiiyoue
iniaaiiinoe ?a/aoiio?aaeaiey, aeiiieieoaeueiua niuneiaua iaa?ocee,
iieeoe/aneea, eoeueoo?iua, enoi?e/aneea e oiio iiaeiaiua eiiiioaoeee
aaeeieoe ycuea e ?a/e. Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeyaony ?aaeeyi, iineieueeo
aeoaieia ciaiea ?aaeee iaiaoiaeeii aeey i?aaeeueiiai iiieiaiey yaeaiee e
oaeoia, ioiinyueony e iianaaeiaaiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe ia?iaeia,
aiai?yueo ia aeaiiii ycuea.

I?aoeaaeaioiua oaiiiaiu – yoi yaeaiea eoeueoo?u. Iie aoiaeyo a oiiae
enoi?e/aneie iaiyoe nioeeoia (yoiina). Iaoeeiiaeueii-eoeueoo?iay iaiyoue
– yoi «eeaaeacue naaaeaiee, yiioeee, oaeoia, ioeoaea iu a iaoae
iianaaeiaaiinoe e iauaeaiiinoe /a?iaai aeaiiua aeey ioaaoa ia
nae?aiaioaeueiua aii?inu: eoi iu anoue, ioeoaea iu e eoaea eaeai; /ai
ai?aeeiny a naiai i?ioeii e ianoiyuai, a /aai nouaeeiny; ii/aio yoi oae,
a ia eia/a; e aeaaea ca/ai ana yoi. Yoi ia enoi?ey a /enoii aeaea, a oi,
eae i?ioeia i?aaenoaaeaii a iaoae naaiaeiyoiae iunee e eae iii
aienuaaaony a iaoe ciaiey i nia?aiaiiii ie?a». Ciaiea
iaoeeiiaeueii-i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia anoue iieacaoaeue
i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe e aeaiiie yiioa e aa eoeueoo?a, oiaaea eae eo iaciaiea,
iaiai?io, anoue i?aaeiinueea iooi?aeaiiinoe io niioaaonoaothuae
eoeueoo?u e iaiieiie aeeth/aiiinoe a eoeueoo?o.

A iniiaa ethaie eiiioieeaoeee, oi anoue a iniiaa ?a/aaiai iauaiey eae
oaeiaiai, eaaeeo «iaithaeiue eiae» (shared code), iaithaeiia ciaiea
?aaeee, ciaiea i?aaeiaoa eiiioieeaoeee iaaeaeo o/anoieeaie iauaiey:
aiai?yuei/ieoouei e neooathuei//eoathuei. A neo/aa iaciaiey iaithaeiiai
eiaea iiaeao i?iecieoe ia?ooaiea eiiioieeaoeaiuo ii?i.

Iiae eiiioieeaoeaiie ii?iie iiieiatho inouanoaeaiea eiiioieeaoeaiie
aeayoaeueiinoe a niioaaonoaee ni neiaeeaoeieny noaiaea?oaie iauaiey.

Ia?ooaiea eiiioieeaoeaiuo ii?i iiaeao eanaoueny e i?aaee iauaiey a
oaenoiia?aciaaiee: iiae/a?eiooay eieaeiinoue ?acaiai?iie ?a/e eee
oaieeuey?iinoue aeaeiaiai oaenoa, yoe/aneay ecauoi/iinoue iauaiey eae
i?iyaeaiea iieoeoeueoo?u, eniieueciaaiea iaoeaico?iie eaeneee, aea?aiia
e ae?oaeo yeaiaioia eiio?eoeueoo?u, ianuuaiiinoue auneacuaaiey
i?inoi?a/eyie e eeeoa ianniaie eoeueoo?u eae yeaiaioaie noaeoeueoo?u.
Ana yoi ?aciuaaao naaiaeiy eiiioieeaoeaiua ii?iu e a oaenoao NIE. E?iia
oiai, e eiiioieeaoeaiui ioeaeai iiaeao i?eaiaeeoue e niinia aaaaeaiey a
oaeno eoeueoo?ai, iai?eia?, i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia.

A nia?aiaiiie i?anna i/aaeaeiu o?e oeia eiiioieeaoeaiuo ia?ooaiee:

· ioeaee, aicieeathuea a ?acoeueoaoa iaei??aeoiiai i?aaenoaaeaiey a
iaaeea-oaenoa ?aaeueiiai eeoea;

· ioeaee, aicieeathuea a ?acoeueoaoa iaei??aeoiiai i?aaenoaaeaiey oaeoa;

· ioeaee, aicieeathuea a ?acoeueoaoa iaei??aeoiiai eniieueciaaiey
eoeueoo?ai.

O?aouey a?oiia eiiioieeaoeaiuo ioeaie naycaia n iaaa?iui eniieueciaaieai
eoeueoo?ai – ciaeia eoeueoo?u. E eoeueoo?aiai a iaaeea-oaenoa ioiinyony
e i?aoeaaeaioiua oaiiiaiu. Iaiioeae?iaaiiia eniieueciaaiea
i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia i?iyaeyaony i?e aeeth/aiee a nianoaaiiue oaeno
eioa?oaenoa – /oaeiai oaenoa – aac aai nayce n eceiaeaieai. Iau/ii yoi
iaia?oaeeaaaony i?e neo/aeiii “iiiaaeaiee” oeeoaou a caaieiaie. Oae,
eioi?iaoeeiiiay caiaoea i caaa?oeaoainy a Ainoiia /aoaa?oii
aia?eeaii-?inneeneii neiiiceoia ii eiaanoeoeeyi a yeiiiieeo ?O
iacuaaaony E?aieaaneee aaeuen-Ainoii. Oaeno caiaoee – ia?a/eneaiea
oaieeee ioeoeeaeueiuo eeoe, o/anoaothueo a neiiiceoia, e e?aoeee
ia?aneac eo aeieeaaeia – ieeae ia naycai n ionueeie e i?aoeaaeaioiiio
oaiiiaio. Oaeea “a?ioaiiua”, ia iniuneaiiua n oi/ee c?aiey aiciiaeiuo
au?aceoaeueiuo yooaeoia eoeueoo?aiu nicaeatho eiiioieeaoeaiue
aeeneiioi?o i?e aini?eyoee niiauaiey. E?iia oiai, iie oeacuaatho ia
ianiiniaiinoue ieoouaai ?anii?yaeeoueny au?aceoaeueiui iioaioeeaeii.
Aeaaea oio oaeo, /oi aacaoiue iaoa?eae nicaeaaony iia?aoeaii, ia
iicaieyao i?aiaa?aaaoue eiiioieeaoeaiuie ii?iaie.

Iiaee?aie aeo?iaeeno eaene/anee yoio caaieiaie a oaenoa
(i?aaenoaaeoaeueiay aeaeaaaoeey yeiiiienoia E?aiey i?eaeaoaia a Ainoii
ia ia aaeuen, a ia i/a?aaeiie /aoaa?oue aia?eeaii-?inneeneee neiiiceoi
ii eiaanoeoeeyi a yeiiiieeo ?O), nei??aeoe?oe nai caaieiaie (Aaeuen
E?aiey a Ainoiia), ynoaoe/aneea aeiaaaee n?aaioaee au e ia aucaaee
iaaeioiaiey o aieiaoaeueiiai /eoaoaey, ioeaieaoaai au e e?anioo ea?u.

I?aoeaaeaioiua oaiiiaiu – oi?ioee iaoa?eae aeey iaaeea-oaenoa. Iie
aeooaeece?otho oiiiaua ciaiey /eoaoaey, aaiaeyo a iia?aoeaioth iaiyoue
ciaee eoeueoo?u, eioaeeaeooaeece?otho eceiaeaiea, ii ia?auaiea e iei
i?aaeiieaaaao iai?yaeaiioth oai?/aneoth ?aaioo nicaeaoaey e ?aaeaeoi?a
oaenoa. Aaaeue yoe ciaee yaeythony iineoaeyie ynoaoe/aneie eioi?iaoeee,
neaaeiaaoaeueii, iie ai?aaa ?ann/eouaaoue e ia eo ynoaoe/aneoth
ia?aaioeo.

*anoi ?aciua iaoeeiiaeueii-i?aoeaaeaioiua oaiiiaiu a eeiaaieoeueoo?iuo
niiauanoaao aeooaeece?otho iaeii e oi aea yaeaiea eee ea/anoai. *aeiaae
aunieiai ?inoa aeooaeece?oaony aiaeeeneei i?aoeaaeaioiui eiaiai –
Aoeeeaa?. Iieiiai /aeiaaea iiaeii iacaaoue aia?eeaineei i?aoeaaeaioiui
eiaiai – O?ae. I?aoeaaeaioiua eiaia Iy?e Iiiiein, O?yeai Aie iaicia/atho
iyith, ainieoaoaeueieoeo e o.ae.

I?aeoe/anee a eaaeaeie iaoeeiiaeueiie eeoa?aoo?a anoue aaoi?u, ec
i?iecaaaeaiee eioi?uo, eiaia ia?niiaaeae, au?aaeaiey e neooaoeee
noaiiayony i?aoeaaeaioiuie. A aiaeeeneie eeoa?aoo?a – yoi, aaconeiaii,
O.Oaenie? (i?aoeaaeaioiua eiaia Ioaeei, Aaieao, Ei?ieue Ee?, ?iiai e
Aeaeoeueaooa; i?aoeaaeaioiia au?aaeaiea – «Auoue eee ia auoue?»).

Caeeth/aiea

A oiaea i?iaaaeaiiiai iaie enneaaeiaaiey, iu i?eoee e auaiaeai:

1. a ia?eiae eioaineaiie aeiaaeecaoeee aic?anoaao /enei oieaa?naeueiuo
i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia, ciaiea eioi?uo noaiiaeony iaycaoaeueiui
oneiaeai iieo/aiey iieiioeaiiuo oiiiauo ciaiee, niinianoaothueo
yooaeoeaiiio aeeaeiao eoeueoo? a i?ioeanna iaaeeoeueoo?iie
eiiioieeaoeee;

2. iaeiei ec iniiaiuo enoi/ieeia i?aoeaaeaioiuo oaiiiaiia noaiiaeony
Eioa?iao eae iaeaieaa ianniaia e iiaeeueiia n?aaenoai eiiioieeaoeee.

I?eeiaeaiea 1

?Enoi/iee IO (noa?a eoeueoo?u)Eiee/anoai IO aeaiiiai oeia% io iauaai
/enea IO1Eeiaiaoia?ao31722,32Yno?aaea, oaao?,
oee?e16011,253Ooaeiaeanoaaiiay eeoa?aoo?a1399,84O?acaieiaey e
aoi?enoeea1198,355Iau/ae, o?aaeeoeee, auo1137,956Anaie?iay enoi?ey e
iieeoeea1127,97Oieueeei?1117,88Oaeaaeaeaiea e ?aaeei986,99A?oeoaeoo?a,
neoeueioo?a, ecia?aceoaeueiia e i?eeeaaeiia
eneonnoai845,910Nii?o604,211Eeanne/aneay
iocuea43312Iaoea221,5513?aeeaey151,0514Iiaea151,0515Ieoieiaey141 Anaai14
22100

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