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Hobby and keenness

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CONTENTS

1. Historical hobby

2. Nature and function hobby

2.1 Nature

2.2 Function

3. Modification by community factors

3.1 Cultural

3.2 Environmental

4. Classification of hobbies

4.1 Basis for classification

4.2 Collection Hobby

4.3 Creative Hobbies

4.4 Educational Hobbies

4.5 Performing Hobbies

5. Promotion hobby interests

5.1 Children

5.2 Youth

5.3 Older Folks

6. Advises for hobbyists

6.1 How Hobbyists Become Interested

6.2 How To Get Started – Suggestions to the Individual

6.3 How To Stimulate Hobby Interest

6.4 How To Help the Beginner

6.5 How To Help the Hobbyist

1. Historical hobby

In the 16th century a favorite toy children of all age was the
hobbyhorse. In appearance a hobbyhorse could be as a simple as a stick,
or it could have a decorated wooden framework with an imitation horse’s
heard attached. When their simple or elaborate, children used them for
the games of the time involving war and knighthood, much as children in
the early part of the 20th century played cowboys and Indians. In time
the popularity of the hobbyhorse declined, but the pleasure of doing
something outside the routine activities of daily life had brought a new
word into the language, the word hobby, which is a shortened form of
hobbyhorse.

Before the 20th century, hobbies were something that only wealthy people
had the time and money to enjoy. The present day interest in hobbies
throughout the world is the product of more free time for far more
people, resulting from shortened working hours and greater prosperity.

Some popular hobbies are old as civilization. Ruler in ancient times
often collected valuable objects, rare manuscripts, and art treasures.
The monasteries of the Middle Ages maintained libraries to store the
valuable documents and art works that they collected and produced.
Later, individuals who were well educated and had broad range of
interests made field trips and traveled to other countries, bringing
back fossils, plants, artefacts, and other objects. Such people also
build up extensive personal libraries and collections.

2. Nature and function hobby

2.1 Nature

Hobby is a recreation activity joyously pursued with intense interest
over a sustained period of time. It is usually not directly connected
with the person’s livelihood or his professional and social ambitions.
Hobby is basically an individual recreation pursuit which permits the
hobbyist to start and to stop when he chooses. It can and often does
lead the hobbyist into group participation. The collector of folk songs
associates with others who have the same interests and sings with them.

A hobby offers the individual a deep and continuing interest in an
activity which requires little outside stimulation to sustain hat
interest. Hobbies are as varied as the field of human interest and
experience. They contain the element of exploration which dives the
hobbyist a chance to discover himself and his world. The same hobby
activity will often satisfy different needs for different people.

2.2 Function

Some of the individual’s social and psychological needs are not met
through the pursuit of everyday responsibilities. The function of a
hobby is to provide ways in which some of these needs can be met to
insure balanced and enriched living. The choice of hobby is determined
by unconscious wishes and desires. The choice is conditioned by
experience and environmental factors. What a hobby does for the person
depends on the foregoing plus the satisfaction obtained through
participation. Some of the values of hobby are:

1. Hobbies are the means for relaxation to the person who has limited
leisure – like the medical practitioner. His hobby may be the only
recreation possible at times when the demands for his professional
service leave him with little leisure.

2. The pursuit of hobbies can be an enemy of boredom brought about by
too much leisure.

3. Hobbies provide a means for vigorous release of emotions.

4. Hobbies serve as a way of meeting the needs of people in period of
frustration.

5. Hobbies offer many opportunities for creative expression.

5. Hobbies serve as a means for compensation, such as excelling in the
hobby pursuit compensating for failing to reach desired goals on the
job.

6. Pursuing a hobby means acquiring knowledge and leaning skills. It
satisfied the desire for leaning.

7. When unwanted leisure creates anxiety the pursuit of a hobby may
serve to help restore emotional balance.

8. Hobbies stir the imagination and lead to new experiences.

9. Hobbies can help in meeting the needs for social acceptance and
recognition.

10. Hobbies can provide a refuge from people when time for
contemplation is needed.

11. For the adolescent hobbies are a good way to try out career
interests.

12. For the person retired from earning a livelihood the hobby pursuit
becomes a way of adjustment. It can give new meaning and balance to the
changed way of life.

13. Hobbies provide a means of satisfying the desire to collect
knowledge and objects.

14. For many people a well-chosen hobby growing from innate desires,
needs and abilities makes joyful contributions to the art of living.
When people’s lives are affected by hobby pursuits the total community
life reflects this influence.

3. Modification by community factors

3.1 Cultural

Community life affects the hobby pursuit of the individual. Lack of
music interest in the community may tend to discourage the individual
from considering music as a hobby.

A community giving a great deal of its attention to the promotion of
sports would indirectly be guiding hobby interests into sports and game
activities. In towns where dancing is not tolerated, hobby interests in
the dance would not be socially approved. Schools that do not reach a
wide variety of skills and appreciation in music, arts, crafts, sports,
dance, nature education, literature, science and others limit the
student’s hobby choice and its development.

3.2 Environmental

The physical environmental factors influence hobby interests. Urban
sections without parks or open fields place a handicap on many outdoor
hobbies. However, hobbies demanding access to libraries, museums, and
educational classes thrive better in urban section. Hobbyists in music,
creative writing literature, and similar activities receive greater
stimulation in or near larger cities.

Our industrialized economy has created conditions which affect the
individual’s life through speed, routine, specialization, and increased
leisure. At the same time it has multiplied our resources in terms of
tools, implements, and materials for hobbies in some areas like
engineering, machines, science, and travel.

The fact that cultural and environmental factors may handicap the
pursuit of certain kinds of hobbies does not mean these pursuits become
impossible. Such barriers for some hobbyists become challenges for the
individuals and the community.

4. Classification of hobbies

The scope of hobbies is as broad as human interests because hobbies are
different things to different people.

4.1 Basis for classification

For purposes of convenience the wide scope of hobbies will be classified
into four categories: Collecting, Creating, Educational, Performing.

4.2 Collection Hobby.

One of the most natural habits of man is collecting. Collection hobbies
can be a real art or an accumulation of odds and ends. Collectors tend
to group themselves into a few main classifications. People who collect
odd objects are in a small minority. The most popular collection hobby
is stamp collecting. Antiques appear to be next in popularity. They
include China, glass, period furniture, laces, needlework, quilts,
pictures of early fashion old document, books, autographs, firearms,
Indian relicts, paintings, and coins. A large group consists of
hobbyists with mechanical inclination who collect firearms, model ships,
trains, plains, and autos. Memorabilia of great people are objects of
hobbyists – their autographs, documents, manuscripts, books objects,
furniture, possessions and articles supposed to have been used by the
great persons. Items of purely art interest are much sought after such
as bronzes, etchings, wood carvings, paintings, and objet d’art.
Collecting historic relicts of one’s own part of the country provides
fascination for some people. Other collections include:

Phonograph records: Old, swing, classical, or one particular artist.

Stamps: U. S., European, commemorative, covers.

Guns: Modern army rifles, old U. S. Rifles, old European.

Coins: U. S., European, Ancient Greek or Roman, novelty.

Books: Early American school texts, First editions, almanacs.

Paintings: Miniatures, water colors, old masters.

Dolls: Antiques, China, rag, rubber, paper, bride, foreign, wax,
celluloid.

4.3 Creative Hobbies.

Man has a psychological drive to create, to make, or to construct. It is
often referred to as the aesthetic drive because it satisfies the
person’s sense of beauty and gives pleasure. Much of the creative urge
is satisfied by designing, painting, composing, writing, inventing, and
making objects of many kinds as exemplified in the areas of arts and
crafts, drama, music, nature, and camping activities. The creative urge
expression is satisfied in different ways for different people – writing
a poem, developing a story, telling a story, painting a landscape,
making a piece of furniture, constructing a telescope, baking a pie,
organizing a club, developing a new bit of strategy in the sports
contest, writing a song, and creating a new dance.

The area of hobbies is one of the greatest potential sources for
satisfying the creative urge. It has become increasingly important as
creative expression opportunities decline in many job. Every hobby
offers some chance for creative expression but some are richer in their
offerings. In a hobby which has creativeness as its major emphasis
collective, educational, and performing benefits are also present.

A suggested list of creative hobbies follows:

Woodworking: Furniture, lathework, wood finishing, wooden models of
trains, boats, and planes, children’s toys.

Sculpture: Soap, wood, plaster, clay, stone.

Puppetry: Making the puppets, building the stage, writing the script,
presenting the play.

Leatherwork: Making articles such as bookcovers, handbags, belts;
decorating leather, stamping, embossing, carving, flat modeling.

Photography: Used as an art medium to produce portraits, scenes, action
shots; still life in black and white or color; developing the art of
taking pictures; processing and printing, and enlarging stills, movie –
black and white, color; amateur movie production; slides and
transparencies.

4.4 Educational Hobbies.

Hobbies which emphasize the acquisition of knowledge and the leaning of
skills cover a large variety of activities. Most of the hobbies listed
under Collection and Creative serve as examples for educational hobbies
when the participant makes them so. The educational hobbies provide many
opportunities for exploring and adventure in a wide scope of activities.
Very often a person’s hobby will be pursued for both collective
educational satisfaction, or performing and educational satisfactions.
These combinations are natural and complement each other.

A suggested list of educational hobbies is presented to indicate the
scope. These the pursued individually, or in classes, or clubs.

Ornithology: Study of birds, their habits, calls, migrations, effect on
nature’s cycle. Astronomy: Study of stars, planets, relationship of
celestial phenomena to the earth, falling star plotting, lore related to
constellations.

Meteorology: Study of weather, clouds, rainfall, storms, wind.

Music: Leaning to play instruments and sing, music appreciation, study
of composers, history of music and instruments, study of types of music,
relationship of music with peoples culture.

Arts and crafts: Leaning skills in the various media such as paint,
metal, textiles, wood, photography, plastics; study of design artists,
art periods; art appreciation, and art in its relation to peoples
culture and economy.

Sport: Leaning to perform in athletics; study of specific sports, their
history, the star performers, and records; developing hunting, fishing,
camping, canoeing, sailing, riflery, and archery skills; study of
history of sports and its development.

4.5 Performing Hobbies

These hobby interests are based on the used of body skills. They include
the sports skills, music skills, arts and crafts skills, camping skills
and other. To understand this hobby category one must recognize that
many persons seek their satisfaction in performing with and for others.
The range of activities in music, arts and crafts, and drama has been
illustrated by the other categories. This category recognize those areas
as performing hobby sources.

Some specific examples of performing hobbies include: hiking, swimming,
roller skating, hunting, fishing, dancing, camping, baseball, football,
bowling, boxing, chess, checkers, orchestras, horseback riding, fencing,
canoeing, boating, sailing, golf, tennis, wrestling, acrobatics, choirs,
and magic.

5. Promotion hobby interests

Factors Related to Hobby Participants.

In the promotion of hobby interests needs and characteristics of the
various age levels must be kept in mind. Some illustrations of applying
these to hobby participation are presented as follows: Age Factors.

5.1 Children

In collection hobbies the child collects bottle tops, campaign buttons,
comic books, stones, toads, dolls clothing. The collection of these
seems to be based on no logical purpose.

This is the age of exploration in all categories of hobbies. Children
move from one hobby to another. Their span of interest is short.

Child’s participation in hobby is on a very elementary level.

Most children have a simple collection hobby.

Interest in educational hobbies does not seem evident.

Performing activities have great appeal at this age.

5.2 Youth

Youth’s hobbies become more discriminating.

Not all youths continue collecting hobbies.

There are fewer changes from one hobby to another.

Youth often use hobby pursuits to discover career interest.

Youth seeks greater opportunities to relate hobby interest with clubs
and groups.

Youth wants to engage in performing hobbies.

At this age the foundation is laid for possible educational hobbies
which are pursed in adulthood.

Adults.

Their hobby interest are specialized.

They need the hobby more than in their earlier years.

They seek to express themselves through their hobby interests.

They pursue their hobby more seriously.

They join hobby clubs because they want to share their interest.

5.3 Older Folks

They have more leisure than adults and their hobby becomes a way to make
life meaningful.

They use a hobby as a means of making adjustment to retirement.

They enjoy hobbies that require study and offer creative opportunities.

They want hobbies that give them a chance to receive recognition.

6. Advises for hobbyists.

6.1 How Hobbyists Become Interested

The following represent means of helping individuals get started on a
hobby:

1. Parents, grandparents, or friends give instruction, guidance, and
encouragement.

2. A gift received starts the person on his hobby.

3. Children and youth get their hobby ideas while in school or while
participating in an agency program.

4. Camp programs arouse interest.

5. Some hobbies are an outgrowth of vacations.

6. Some hobbyists get started by attending classes in instruction in
crafts, music, radio, speech, etc.

7. Some persons become interested through seeing a hobbyist in action.

8. Others are stimulated while visiting a hobby show or an arts and
crafts display.

8. Some are interested as a result of trips to museums. Libraries, and
parks.

9. Reading magazine articles and books arouses the interest of some
people.

11. Listening to a talk on a hobby or hobbies start some people on
their interest.

10. Talks on radio or demonstration on television start some folks on
their hobby.

6.2 How To Get Started – Suggestions to the Individual

1. Talk to other persons pursuing same hobby.

2. Read books and magazines on hobbies.

3. If necessary attend classes for instruction.

4. Visit hobby show exhibits.

5. Check on source of supplies.

6. If a collection hobby is selected limit the collection and begin at
once to classify collection.

7. Join a hobby club.

7. Go to the library, museum, recreation and other agencies.

8. Start on a hobby in a small way.

10. Subscribe to a magazine specializing in the hobby selections.

6.3 How To Stimulate Hobby Interest

The recreation agency can help the potential hobbyist as well as the
person who has a hobby. For the beginner it can expose him to activities
that may lead up to hobby selections.

6.4 How To Help the Beginner

1. Provide classes on beginning arts and crafts, photography, music and
drama.

2. Provide classes in hobby exploration.

3. Have displays featuring hobbies.

3. Advise the beginner of resources in the community such as library,
schools, and hobby clubs.

5. Plan trips to local points of interest.

6. Provide talks by hobbyists.

7. Organize hobby clubs for older adults who do not have hobbies.

8. Use older adults hobbyists in teaching and guiding beginners.

6.5 How To Help the Hobbyist

1. Provide space for hobby club to meet regularly. Help clubs by
providing facilities and acquaint them with other resources.

2. Provide special facilities and equipment that can be made available
to hobbyists who cannot afford their own. Examples are;

a. Photography room (dark room);

b. Shop with hand power tools;

c. Ceramics room and kiln;

d. Room for radio amateurs;

e. Field for operation of model planes.

3. Arrange to exhibit hobbies in store windows.

1. Sponsor hobby interviews on the radio and television.

2. Sponsor a hobby show or fair. This requires much planning,
organization and promotion.

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