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Гармония речи и основные законы современной риторики

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Niaea?aeaiea

Aaaaeaiea

1. Aa?iiiey a ?eoi?eea

2.Caeiiu nia?aiaiiie iauae ?eoi?eee

2.1 Ia?aue caeii – caeii aa?iiiece?othuaai iauaiey aeeaeiaa.

2.1.1 Ia?aue caeii ?eoi?eee e i?eioeeiu aeeaeiaecaoeee ?a/aaiai
iiaaaeaiey

2.1.2 Aieiaiea e aae?anaoo eae i?eioeei ?a/aaiai iiaaaeaiey

2.1.3 I?eioeei aeecinoe

2.1.4 I?eioeei eiie?aoiinoe

3. Aoi?ie caeii – caeii i?iaeaeaeaiey e i?eaioaoeee. Niiniau nicaeaiey

aeaeaeaiey a ?a/e.

4. O?aoee caeii – caeii yiioeeiiaeueiinoe ?a/e. ?eoi?e/aneea n?aaenoaa

e i?eioeeiu auiieiaiey o?aoueaai caeiia.

5. *aoa??oue caeii ?eoi?eee – caeii oaeiaieuenoaey.

6. Caeeth/aiea

7. Eeoa?aoo?a

Aaaaeaiea

Yoio ?aoa?ao iinayu?i oaia «Aa?iiiey ?a/e e iniiaiua caeiiu nia?aiaiiie
?eoi?eee». Aua?aia eiaiii yoa oaia ii neaaeothuei i?e/eiai. ?a/ue
iaiouaieaiay ninoaaeythuay iianaaeiaaiie aeecie e iia /anoi no?aaeaao io
iaoaaoee a?aiioiiai iino?iaiey, iaania/eaay iaaeinoaoi/iia iiieiaiea
iaaeaeo ethaeueie. ?aoa?ao ?anneacuaaao i?i iino?iaiea aa?iiiee iaaeaeo
aiai?yueie, a oaeaea i?i iniiaiua caeiiu ?eoi?eee, eioi?ua iiiiaatho
aeinoe/ue yoie aa?iiiee.

1. Aa?iiiey a ?eoi?eea

«Nouanoaothuaa ii?aaeaeaiea aa?iiiee ?anniao?eaatho a? eae eae
noaoenoe/aneia yaeaiea, eae aioiaue i?iaeoeo. A oaeii oioneaaony
iaeaieaa aaaeiay oa?aeoa?enoeea ?eoi?e/aneiai oaenoa – i?ioeann
ii?iaeaeaiey. Eiaiii n yoie iiceoeee i?aaenoaaeaii iiieiaiea aa?iiiee
A.A. Aeiia?aaeiaui: «A aa?iiiee oeaeiai i?iecaaaeaiey aeeiaie/anee
?acaa?ouaathuaany niaea?aeaiea, ai iiiaeanoaa ia?acia io?aaeathuaa
iiiaiia?acea aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, ?ane?uaaaony a niaia e /a?aaeiaaiee
?aciuo ooioeeiiaeueii ?a/aauo noeeae, ?aciuo oi?i e oeiia ?a/e, a naiae
niaieoiiinoe nicaeathueo oeaeinoiue e aioo?aiia aaeeiue ia?ac aaoi?a».
Aa?iiiey iiieiaaony eae caeiiiia?iia iioeae?iaaiiia eioaioeeae aaoi?a e
iaoa?eaeii aeeiaie/aneia ?acaa?ouaaiea niaea?aeaiey ai
acaeii?aniieiaeaiee e niaaeeiaiee yeaiaioia oaenoa ?aceeyiiai ?aiaa e
oeaeaniia?aciia eo niioiioaiea a oaenoa eae oeaeii».[2]

2.Caeiiu nia?aiaiiie iauae ?eoi?eee

?a/ue aeieaeia auoue noeoa ii ia?ea neooaoaey, eae ieaouea ii ia?ea
caeac/eea, – ooaa?aeaeaao ?eoi?eea. Oae iiaeii ia?acii eceiaeeoue ia?aue
e naiue iauee ec ooiaeaiaioaeueiuo caeiiia nia?aiaiiie iauae ?eoi?eee.
Ana /aou?a iaua?eoi?e/aneeo caeiia, i eioi?uo iieae?o ?a/ue a yoii
ia?aa?aoa, naycaiu eiaiii n iaiaoiaeeiinoueth aeey aiai?yuaai o/eouaaoue
«oaeoi? aae?anaoa» – iniaaiiinoe ee/iinoe, ineoieiaee e aini?eyoey
neooaoaey. Caeiiu ?eoi?eee io?aaeatho iaua?eoi?e/aneee eaeaae: ?a/aaia
iiaaaeaiea e ?a/ue (aeeneo?n) o/anoieeia ?a/aaiai niauoey.

Caeiiu ?eoi?eee iieacuaatho, eaeei ia?acii iaania/eaaaony yoa aa?iiiey
iaaeaeo iniiaiuie o/anoieeaie ?a/aaie neooaoeee – aiai?yuei e
aae?anaoii. ?anniio?ei eo iineaaeiaaoaeueii.

2.1 Ia?aue caeii – caeii aa?iiiece?othuaai iauaiey aeeaeiaa

Noi?ioee?oai ia?aue caeii nia?aiaiiie iauae ?eoi?eee – caeii
aa?iiiece?othuaai aeeaeiaa: yooaeoeaiia (aa?iiiece?othuaa) ?a/aaia
iauaiea aiciiaeii oieueei i?e aeeaeiae/aneii acaeiiaeaenoaee o/anoieeia
?a/aaie neooaoeee.

Oa?iei «aeeaeia», eae e neiaa aeeaeiae/aneee, aeeaeiae/iinoue, a
nia?aiaiiie ?eoi?eea eiaao eiie, aieaa iauee e oe?ieee, niune, /ai a
oaeeo iaeanoyo eae eoeueoo?a ?a/e eee ?a/aaaaeaiuea. Iaeiaei, /oiau au
iiaee i?iieeiooue a aeoaeio, a nouanoai nianoaaiii ?eoi?e/aneeo ciaiee,
ioaeii aoaeao o/anoue aeaa aaaeiuo iiiaioa.

Ai-ia?auo ?eoi?eea i?eioeeieaeueii io?eoeaao aiciiaeiinoue «?a/e,
ia?auaiiie aiai?yuei e naiiio naaa». Oaeay ?a/ue ?eoi?eeo i?inoi ia
eioa?anoao – aeaaea anee iia e aiciiaeia, aeaaea anee iia a
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe e i?ienoiaeeo. Aaaeue iiiyoey «aa?iiie?othuay»,
«yooaeoeaiay», «aicaeaenoaothuay» ?a/ue anaaaea i?aaeiieaaatho, /oi
?anniao?eaaaony ?a/aaay neooaoeey, a eioi?ie e?iia aiai?yuaai, anoue e
ae?oaia eeoei, ae?oaea o/anoieee.

?a/ue a a? ?eoi?e/aneii ieaia ia iiaeao auoue ia?auaia «a ieeoaea», a
?a/aaie neooaoeee, a eioi?ie aeaenoaoao iaeeiieee aiai?yuee, ia iiaeao
nouanoaiaaoue: aaaeue anee ?a/ue aicaeaenoaoao – oi ia eiai-oi; anee
aa?iiiece?oao – eiai-oi n eai-oi!

2.1.1 Ia?aue caeii ?eoi?eee e i?eioeeiu aeeaeiaecaoeee ?a/aaiai
iiaaaeaiey

Eae aea aucaaoue aioo?aiiaa neiai neooaoaey, eae aeieaeai aanoe naay
aiai?yuee, /oiau aeiaeoueny aeeaiai ioeeeea ia naith ?a/ue?

Aeaaaeoa iiniio?ei, inoaaaynue iiea a a?aieoeao iauae ?eoi?eee, a cia/eo
– iuoaynue iaeoe naiua iauea caeiiu aa?iiai ?a/aaiai iiaaaeaiey. Enoaoe,
i?aaeeueii ee oi, /oi iu aiai?ei caeanue i ?a/aaii iiaaaeaiee?
Aannii?ii, aea. Aaaeue iiaaaeaiea – yoi, ii nooe, auai?.

No?iy naith ?a/ue, iiaeii ia/aoue eee caeii/eoue a? oae eee eia/a;
iiaeii aua?aoue eiaiii aeaiiue i?eia?, i?aaeii/oy aai ae?oaei
aiciiaeiui; iiaeii aiai?eoue i?iua, a iiaeii neiaeiaa; iiaeii
iinoa?aoueny naeaeaoue naith ?a/ue ioeoeeaeueiie – a iiaeii
eniieueciaaoue i?eau/iue «iieiae?aeiue aea?aii»; iiaeii i?eaanoe
aeieacaoaeuenoaa eiae/aneea, a iiaeii aucaaoue e /oanoaai, iiaeii…

Aiciiaeiinoe auai?a o?oaeii ia?a/eneeoue, ii naiia aeaaiia, /oi auai?
aeieaeai auoue naeaeai. ?aaeueiay ?a/ue, neiai – oi, /oi neuoao ec aaoeo
ono ?iaeiua e ciaeiiua, o/eoaey e ninaaee – yoi ?acoeueoao oaeeo
iiiai/eneaiiuo i?aaeii/oaiee, iniciaiiiai eee iainiciaiiiai auai?a,
eioi?ue aeaeaaoa au – aiai?yuee.

Yoi – ?acoeueoao aaoaai ?a/aaiai iiaaaeaiey. Iacia?i i?eioeeiu ?a/aaiai
iiaaaeaiey, eioi?ua au?aaioaea ?eoi?eea aeey oiai, /oiau
aeeaeiaece?iaaoue ?a/aaia iauaiea, o.a. /oiau iieo/eoue aeeaie e
aeoeaiue ioeeee neooaoaey ia ?a/ue aiai?yuaai.

2.1.2 Aieiaiea e aae?anaoo eae i?eioeei ?a/aaiai iiaaaeaiey

Aioiaynue e ioaee/iie ?a/e, e aeaeiaie, i?ioanneiiaeueiie eee ee/iie
aanaaea, i?aaeaea anaai iaiaoiaeeii ca?aiaa i?aaenoaaeoue naaa
neooaoaey, niaanaaeieea. Eoi ii (iie)? Eaeiau iniaaiiinoe aai ee/iinoe
(oa?aeoa?, aeonu, eioa?anu)? Iiaeao auoue, anoue oaiu, eioi?ua a aanaaea
n aeaiiui eiie?aoiui /aeiaaeii eee a ?a/e, aae?aniaaiiie ii?aaeae?iiie
aoaeeoi?ee, aiana iaeuecy cao?aaeaaoue?

«A aeiia iiaaoaiiiai ia aiai?yo i aa??aea» – iineiaeoea, aoiaiiui
niuneii eioi?ie, nae/an ia?aaeei i?aiaa?aaatho. E?iia oiai, a?yae ee
noieo «iioiaey» cao?aaeaaoue oaeea oaiu eee aac iniaie ioaeaeu
auneacuaaoue a eaoaai?e/aneie oi?ia oaeea iiaiey, ii eioi?ui aeaiiue
niaanaaeiee eee aeaiiay aoaeeoi?ey caaaaeiii n aaie ia oieueei ia
niaeaneony, ii e y?inoii ioaa?aiao aan, iineieueeo i?eioeeieaeueii ia
i?eaieao yoo oi/eo c?aiey.

A nia?aiaiiuo caiaaeiuo ?eoi?e/aneeo ?oeiaiaenoaao ?aeiiaiaeotho,
iaaeoiuaay ?a/ue, ca?aiaa ienueiaiii ninoaaeoue «nioeeaeueiue ii?o?ao»
neooaoaey (aoaeeoi?ee).

Ii nicaea?ony a ?acoeueoaoa ioaaoia ia neaaeothuea aii?inu:

nioeeaeueiia iieiaeaiea neooaoaey eee nioeeaeueiue ninoaa aoaeeoi?ee
(anee iia iaiaeii?iaeia, ia?a/eneeoue iaeaieaa iiiai/eneaiiua a?oiiu);
nioeeaeueiay ?ieue niaanaaeieea ii ioiioaieth e aai (?oeiaiaeeoaeue?
O/eoaeue? Oiaa?eu? ?iaeeoaeue? Aaeieieno?aoi?? E o i)

1. ?acia? aoaeeoi?ee (2-4 /aeiaaea; 12 – 15 /aeiaae a eiiiaoa; 40 – 50 e
aieaa /aeiaae a caea);

2. aic?ano;

3. e?oa iniauo eioa?ania aae?anaoa e iaai? «cai?auaiiuo oai»; ee/iua
iniaaiiinoe niaanaaeieea (oa?aeoa?, ia?aciaaiea, ainieoaiea, aeonu…);

4. ii/aio e ca/ai ethaee nia?aeenue? *oi aoaeoo aeaeaoue a ?acoeueoaoa
eiioa?aioeee, nia?aiey?

5. eae aaoa niiauaiea naycaii n ee/iuie ianouiuie eioa?anaie oe
iio?aaiinoyie aae?anaoa?

6. /oi iie oioyo iieo/eoue io aan eae i?aoi?a? *oi au iiaeaoa ei
i?aaeeiaeeoue? Iiaeao auoue, ioaeia ia noieueei eioi?iaoeey, neieueei
iiaeaea?aeea eee oe?aieaiea «/oanoaa aaeeinoaa», niei/aiiinoe
eieeaeoeaa?

eae iie aoaeoo eniieueciaaoue iieo/aiiua io aan naaaeaiey? Eiaaea? Eaeei
ia?acii?

Ia aac iniiaaiey aiai?yo, /oi ia/eiaoue ?a/ue eee aanaaeo aac
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie ioeaiee aae?anaoa (aoaeeoi?ee) – yoi an? ?aaii /oi
auoiaeeoue a ii?a aac ea?ou.

?eoi?eea, eeanne/aneay e nia?aiaiiay, i?aaeeaaaao iaoe?iue iaai?
niaoeeaeueiuo n?aaenoa, eioi?ua neoaeao aeey oiai, /oiau
aeeaeiaece?iaaoue aeaaea iiiieiae/aneoth ?a/ue. Yoi ?eoi?e/aneea
aii?inu, ia?auaiey i?aoi?a e neooaoaeyi e ae?oaea. A ae?aaiinoe eae
ioaeaeueiue aeai? ?a/e i?aeoeeiaaeanue oae iacuaaaiay «aeeao?aaa» –
iiiieia, ii oi?ia iaiiieiathuee aeeaeia.

2.1.3 I?eioeei aeecinoe

I?eaeeceoaeueii ioeaiea e i?aaeaa?eoaeueii i?aaenoaaeyy naaa aoaeeoi?eth
eee niaanaaeieea, au niiaeaoa oaia?ue iicaaioeoueny i oii, /oiau
aua?aoue aeey aaoae ?a/e, eniieueciaaoue a iae eiaiii oa oaeou, oa
i?eia?u, oa ia?acu, oa aeieacaoaeuenoaa, eioi?ua acyou ec iaeanoe,
aeeciaiii aaaeiie eee oi?ioi ciaeiiie, eioa?aniie, aeinooiiie aaoaio
neooaoaeth. I?aaenoaaueoa, /oi a i?ia?aiia e?eieiaeueiie o?iieee au
neuoeoa, /oi i?anooiiee aue iieiai: a) a aaoai ai?iaea; a) a aaoai
?aeiia; a) ia aaoae oeeoea. Eaeia niiauaiea aieueoa i?eaea/ao aaoa
aieiaiea? *ai aeeaea ?a/ue e oiio , /oi oi?ioi ciaeiii e aei?iai, oai
aieaa «ee/ii» e iieii aini?eieiaaony niiauaiea. Yenia?eiaiou
iieacuaatho, /oi iiieiaiea oaenoa oeo/oaaony, anee niaea?aeaiea aai
aeecei e eioa?anai e iio?aaiinoyi ethaeae, eioi?ua neooatho eee /eoatho
yoio oaeno: /ai aieueoa yoa aeecinoue, oai iaiueoa aa?eaioia iiieiaiey
iaia?oaeeaaaony, eiaaea aae?anaoia i?inyo ia?aneacaoue oneuoaiiia eee
i?i/eoaiiia. Yoi e icia/aao, /oi niiauaiea eo/oa, aaeaeaaoiaa
aini?eiyoi. Iiyoiio oiaeua i?aoi?u ia anai i?ioyaeaiee ?a/e eee aanaaeu
no?aiyony iinoiyiii iieacuaaoue, ii/aio niiauaaiia ee/ii aaaeii aeey
aae?anaoa e eaeei ia?acii ianoaeaeaaiue aii?in iaiin?aaenoaaiii eanaaony
aai aeeciaiiuo eioa?ania. A?enoioaeue caia/aao, /oi «neooaoaee
aieiaoaeueii ioiinyony ei anaio aaeeeiio e e oiio, /oi ee/ii eo
eanaaony, ei anaio oaeeaeoaeueiiio e i?eyoiiio, iiyoiio neaaeoao
aiooaoue neooaoaeyi, /oi ?a/ue eaeao i iiaeiaiuo i?aaeiaoao»

2.1.4 I?eioeei eiie?aoiinoe

Yoi ia iaiaa aaaeiue i?eioeei iauae ?eoi?eee, «i?eaioe?othuee» ?a/ue ia
aae?anaoa. Eiie?aoiinoue iiiiaaao c?eii aini?eieiaoue cao/auaa neiai, a
yoi i/aiue aaaeii aeey iiieiaiey e caiiieiaiey. Iiyoiio ia?acioth
aeeaoth ?a/ue iiaeii eaaei e aac iai?yaeaiey neooaoue.

1. Iaycaoaeueii aeieaeiu auoue i?eia?u – eiie?aoiua i?iyaeaiey e
iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey aaoeo iuneae.

2. Ia?aoeoa aieiaiea ia ia?aciinoue ?a/e.

3. I?aaeeo eiie?aoiinoe iiae/eieoa aeaaea ioai? neia: /aua anaai eo/oa
oiio?aaeoue ia ?iaeiaia iaeiaiiaaiea, a aeaeiaia – neacaoue ia aieiaiie
oai?, a oeyia, e o ae. Anee au i?eaiaeeoa oaeou, oi ii aiciiaeiinoe
eiie?aoece?oeoa eo.

4. No?oeoo?a ?a/e oiaea aeieaeia o/anoaiaaoue a nicaeaiee eiie?aoiinoe.
I?eiyoi, iacuaay oaio eee ioaeaeueiua aii?inu, ianoaeaeaaiua a ?a/e,
oi?ioee?iaaoue eo a iauai aeaea. Oeaeaniia?aciaa iacaaoue eo eae iiaeii
eiie?aoiaa.

3. Aoi?ie caeii – caeii i?iaeaeaeaiey e i?eaioaoeee. Niiniau nicaeaiey
aeaeaeaiey a ?a/e

Aoi?ie caeii iauae ?eoi?eee aeaneo, /oi ?a/ue noaiiaeony yooaeoeaiie,
anee aiai?yuee inaaaeiieyao aae?anaoa i oii, eaeia «ia?o?oo» niaianoiiai
i?iaeaeaeaiey io ia/aea ?a/e e a? eiioeo. *ai eo/oa aae?anao
i?aaenoaaeyao naaa, eoaea aai aaae?o aiai?yuee, neieueei au? inoaeinue
aei eiioea e a eaeii «ioieoa» «ea?ou ?a/e» ii iaoiaeeony a aeaiiue
iiiaio ?a/aaiai iauaiey, oai eo/oa ii aini?eieiaao niiauaaiia. E?iia
oiai, aae?anao aeieaeai iinoiyiii /oanoaiaaoue, /oi aeaeaeaiea ii yoie
«?a/aaie ea?oa», ?ac ia/aaoenue, ia inoaiaaeeaaaony. Cia/eo, aiai?yuee
aeieaeai: a) inaaaeiieyoue aae?anaoa i oii, eaeiaa «ea?oa ?a/e»;
a)niiauaoue i iiceoeee ia yoie ea?oa; a)nicaeaaaoue iuouaiea aeaeaeaiey.

4. O?aoee caeii – caeii yiioeeiiaeueiinoe ?a/e. ?eoi?e/aneea n?aaenoaa e
i?eioeeiu auiieiaiey o?aoueaai caeiia

Eoae, o?aoee caeii iauae ?eoi?eee – caeii yiioeeiiaeueiinoe ?a/e. Yoio
caeii o?aaoao io aiai?yuaai ?aaiou /oanoaa, noauaeoeaiiai ia?aaeeaaiey
ii iiaiaeo i?aaeiaoa ?a/e e oiaiey au?aceoue naie yiioeee a ?a/e,
naeaeaoue a? au?aceoaeueiie – yeni?anneaiie. I?e yoii ?eoi?eea eae
eneonnoai o?aaoao e caeanue niaethaeaiey aa?iiiee: noaiaiue, neea
au?aaeaaiuo aiai?yuei yiioeee aeieaeiu auoue iiae/eiaiu /oanoao ia?u, a
oa?aeoa? yoeo yiioeee aeieaeai niioaaonoaiaaoue oa?aeoa?o aae?anaoa e
iniaaiiinoyi ?a/aaie neooaoeee. Caeii yiioeeiiaeueiinoe ?a/e ?aaeecoaony
a ?eoi?eea n iiiiuueth iniauo i?eioeeiia eo eniieueciaaiey a ?a/e.
Ia?aia ianoi ec yoeo n?aaenoa caieiaao, iiaeaeoe, iaoaoi?a. Oio aea
Noaoai ssai?neee, iai?eia?, ienae: «a y?inoe aean iiaeiaaao auoee y?, a
ia/aee oiue e aono; ai no?ana oieaeaiiue, aeia?ue, oiueue»; «Aea
eciaieony eeoea ii ?acee/eth neiaa, e aea aoaeao eeoea iaiaaea eaneiai,
iaiaaea ia/aeueii, iaiaaea aanaei».

5.*aoa??oue caeii ?eoi?eee – caeii oaeiaieuenoaey

*aoa??oue caeii ?eoi?eee caeii oaeiaieuenoaey – aeaneo, /oi yooaeoeaiay
eiiioieeaoeey aiciiaeia oiaaea, eiaaea aiai?yuee noaaeo naaa oeaeueth
aeinoaaeoue ?aaeinoue neooaoaeth, naeaeaoue iauaiea i?eyoiui. Yoi ia
cia/eo, /oi aae?anaoa ioaeii iai?a?uaii niaoeoue, ?acaeaeaoue. I?eyoii
neooaoue ?a/ue, anee neooaoue a? eaaei. Eiaiii iineaaeiaio neoaeao
i?eioeeiu ?eoi?eee, i eioi?uo iu aiai?eee auoa. Iai?eyoiu eceeoiea
oneeey e oi, /oi aeaeaaony ii i?eioaeaeaieth, aiai?ee A?enoioaeue.
Aae?anao aea ?a/e, iniaaiii ioaee/iie, iinoaaeai ia a neeoeii caaeaeiia
iieiaeaiea: iaeioi?ia a?aiy ii aeieaeai neaeaoue nie?ii, aea e oiio aea
au? e iie/a. Aieueoa oiai, ii auioaeaeai aeaeaoue iinoiyiiua oneeey,
/oiau iiieiaoue, i /ai niiauaao aiai?yuee, aeieaeai iinoiyiii
eiio?iee?iaaoue e iai?aeyoue nai? aieiaiea.» [1]

6.Caeeth/aiea

Eoae, ?anniio?aa ?eoi?e/aneea o?aaeeoeee e iacaaa ?eoi?e/aneea
n?aaenoaa, naycaiiua n oeao?ie aae?anaoa ?a/e, iu aianoa n oai
noi?ioee?iaaee /aou?a iniiaiuo caeiia iauae ?eoi?eee. Anee au niiaa
ia?aoeoanue e eo iacaaieyi e oi?ioee?iaeai, oi oaeaeeoa, /oi ia?aue
caeii «aa?iiiece?othuaai aeeaeiaa» yaeyaony» yaeyaony naiui iauei. O?e
inoaeueiuo caeiia ?ane?uaatho ia?aue e iieacuaatho, eae ii
inouanoaeyaony a ?aaeueiie ?eoi?e/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, i?aeoeea.

Eeoa?aoo?a

1. A.E. Ieoaeueneay. «Iniiau ?eoi?eee». I.: – Ae?ioa 2001. N 95 – 105

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