?aoa?ao ia oaio:

Aeaiie?ao?y: nooi?noue, aeieo?eie, ??ciiaeaee

Ieai

Anooi.

Aeieeiaiiy, nooi?noue, i?eioeeie.

Aeieo?eie, ??ciiaeaee.

Aeniiaee.

E?oa?aoo?a.

A OO no.neiai “aeaiie?ao?y” noaei iaaooue, iaea?eueo iiioey?iei o
ia?iae?a ? iie?oee?a anueiai na?oo. Nueiaiaei? iaia? aeiaeiiai cia/iiai
iie?oe/iiai ?ooo, yeee ae ia i?aaioa ia cae?eniaiiy aeaiie?ao??, ia
aeei?enoiaoaaa oeae oa?i?i o nai?o, /anoi aeaeaeeo a?ae ni?aaaeiuei?
aeaiie?ao?? oe?eae.

Iiee aeaiie?ao?th /aeathoue, i?i ia? aiai?youe, ui aiia aacia?a/ii
ianoaia, eiee ae aiia ianoaea, i?i ia? eaaeooue, ui aiia iiaea cieeiooe.
Ia?o ca ana, ?? ia??aeei aaaaeaee aeuith ? e?ioeaaith oi?iith, yea
caaacia/o? aiaaiaia ? aeaaiiieo/ia ?nioaaiiy. Oaia? ynii a?ae/oaa?oueny,
ui cian?i ia noai?thth/e i?oeio iniiao a??aiiaaaeaiiiai aeeooy aiia
a?eueo, i?ae aoaeue-yea ?ioa oi?ia i?iaoaeaeo? aeoo iiooeo. A e?a?iao,
ye? ni?iaoaaee oeth oi?io ia i?aeoeoe?, aiia aaea aeaaii ia?anoaea aooe
i?aaeiaoii no?aoo, aea oaeiae ia?anoaea aooe i?aaeiaoii iieeii?iiy. ??
i?ioeaieee ?icoi?thoue, ui i?e i?e ana ae iiaeeeai ?nioaaoe, ??
i?eoeeueieee – iiaiaeaeothoueny, ui ?e oa?aeoa?ii aaaaoi iaaeie?e?a, uia
?? iaci??ii caaee/oaaoe.

Ii noo?, eeoa iie?oe/ia aeoiea ii/aoeo OO no. iaea?eueo aeecueei
i?ae?eoea aei no/aniiai ?icoi?iiy aeaiie?ao??, aea aeinyaioa eiai,
iiaa/eea, ui aeaiie?ao?y i?eaaea ia aei yniiai ? i?yiiai oeyoo, a aei
“?icaei??aeaey”. Cai?noue oiai, uia aooe ??oaiiyi noni?eueieo caaea/,
aeaiie?ao?y naia noaea caaea/ith. Iioei?noe noaa?aeaeothoue, ui ?noeiiee
oeyo ana ua ia caaoaeaiee, ianei?noe i?e?a/aii eiinoaoothoue ii/aoie
caiaiaaeo.

I?ney ?iciaaeo N?N? ooai?eeeny iia? iacaeaaei? aea?aeaae. AEeao/e a
iia?e iacaeaaei?e Oe?a?i?, iai aaaeeeai noai?eoe aea?aeaao
aeaiie?aoe/iiai oeio. A iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo iieaciee?a c??eino?
aoaeue-yeiai noni?euenoaa ? nooi?iue eiai aeaiie?aoe/iino? (??aaiue
aeaiie?ao??). Aea /e aoaeue-yea e?a?ia aioiaa aei aeaiie?ao?? ?, ui aiia
a ciic? aeaoe noni?euenoao ? ie?aiei ethaeyi — c?oeioaaiiy
aea?aeaaiino?, oain ? aia?o?th, /e naiaiaeo, ii?yaeie ? i?ioea?oaiiy?

A?aeiia?aeue ia oea ieoaiiy iniaeeai aeooaeueia aeey Oe?a?ie, yea noaea
ia oeyo aeaiie?aoecaoe?? noni?euenoaa. Ca iei?oi?o oiia aeaiie?aoecaoe?y
noni?euenoaa a Oe?a?i? ? ae??oaeueiei caniaii iiiaeaiiy an?o noa?
noni?eueiiai aeeooy. O nioe?aeueiiio ?icaeoeo aeaiie?ao?y iinoa?
niiniaii ?aae?caoe?? noia?a/iinoae, aaeineiiaeaiiy ? aa?iii?caoe??
noni?euenoaa. Aeaiie?ao?y ? oe?eeth, ? oiiaith, ? aoaeoeaiei caniaii
?aaeeeaeueii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? iie?oe/ii? nenoaie oa anueiai noni?euenoaa,
aa?aio??th iacai?ioiino? oeueiai i?ioeano.

Ui ae i?aaenoaaey? niaith aeaiie?ao?y, ye? ?? oe?e?, a /iio i?e/eie ??
iiioey?iino??

Aeieeiaiiy, nooi?noue, i?eioeeie.

I?iaeaia aeaiie?ao?? oa ?? ?ieue a noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? ?
iaei??th c oeaio?aeueieo o iie?oieia??. Ua c aioe/ieo /an?a iie?oe/ia
aeoiea ?icaeyaeaea aeaiie?ao?th, ye i?aai?/io iciaeo oeea?e?ciaaiino?
noni?euenoaa. Aeaiie?aoe/i? oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? nyaathoue ei?aiyie a
aeoaiea ieioea, ua a ?iaeiaee ono??e, aiie aeieeee c iiyaith ethaeeie.
*a?ac ?iaeia? oi?ie aeaiie?ao?? i?ieoee iaeaea an? ia?iaee. Aeaye?
a/ai?-aoiia?aoe aaaaeathoue, ui aeaiie?ao?y – iaeei c iaeaaaeee-a?oeo
oaeoi??a aio?iiiaaiaca, iiyae ?iaeo ethaenueeiai. sse na?ae/aoue
aoiia?a-o?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaaeaiie?aoe/i? oi?ie i?aai?caoe??, ye?
aoee caniiaai? ia no?ia?e ???a?o?? ? i?aeei?aii?, ca c?aceii io?aoieea
/e aaeaeieeiiai ?ith, caaiaeeee iaoeo i?auo??a o aacaeo?aeue.

O?aaeeoe?? ia?a?nii? aeaiie?ao?? c?iaeee aaeeeee aieea ia iiyao ia?oeo
eeane/ieo aeaiie?aoe/ieo aea?aeaa a Ae?aai?e A?aoe?? ? ?eio. O i?aoeyo
ieneeoae?a Noa?iaeaaiuei? A?aoe?? ie aia?oa cono??a?ii iiiyooy
“aeaiie?ao?y”, (a ia?aeeaae? demos-ia?iae, cratos-aeaaea, oiaoi
aoeaaeueii, aeaaea ia?iaeo).

Oa?aeoa?iith ?enith aeaiie?ao?? ? ?? aaiethoe?y. Oae eiaeiiio
?noi?e/iiio oeiia? aea?aeaae, eiaei?e noni?eueii-aeiiii?/i?e oi?iaoe??
a?aeiia?aeaea naiy oi?ia aeaiie?ao??. Oae, a ?aaiaeanieoeuee?e
aeaiie?ao?? (Ao?ie, ?anioae?ea ?ei) ?aae aaoiiaoe/ii aeeeth/aeeny c
on??? nenoaie a?iiaaenueeeo a?aeiinei. O?eueee a?euei? a?iiaaeyie
ei?enooaaeeny i?aaii iae?aoe aea?aeaaieo /eiiaiee?a, a?aoe o/anoue o
ia?iaeieo cai?ao, aieiae?oe iaeiii ? o.ae. Ca oaiaeae?cio( aeaiaioe
aeaiie?ao?? ii/aee ca?iaeaeoaaoeny o oi?i? i?aaenoaaieoeueeeo onoaiia,
ui iaiaaeoaaee aaniethoio aeaaeo iiia?o?a (ia?eaiaio a Aiae??,
Aaia?aeuei? ooaoe o O?aioe??, ei?oane a ?niai??, Aea?aeaaia Aeoia a
?in??, A?enueeiaa ?aaea a Caii??cuee?e N?/?). Aaee/aciee i?ia?an o
?icaeoeo aeaiie?ao?? caii/aoeoaaee( ooaa?aeaeaiiy eai?oae?cio e ia?aiiaa
ao?aeoacieo ?aaiethoe?e a Aiae??, O?aioe??, ?ioeo e?a?iao. Caaaeyee
e?ea?aeaoe?? e??iaoeoaa ? neanoaaiith oaiaeaeueieo i?ea?ea?a noi?ioaaany
oe?eee eiiieaen aeaiie?aoe/ieo ?inoeooo?a ? i?ioeaaeo?, a?eueo?noue c
yeeo aeei?enoiao?oueny ? iei?.

AEeooy ?ica?i/aei i?o i?i “nioe?ae?noe/io aeaiie?ao?th”, yea i?aeoi aoea
aeuei oeiii aeaiie?aoe/iiai ono?ith noni?euenoaa. Ca /an?a
“oioae?oa?iiai nioe?ae?cio” noaeiny ia ?icoe?aiiy ? caaaa/aiiy ci?noo
aeaiie?ao??, a iaaiaee – ??cea eiai ca?aeiaiiy, caoaeaiiy ? cai?oaiiy
(?ai?an??, iaiaaeaiiy i?aa ? naiaiaee oa ?ioa). Aeaiie?aoeci
noni?euenoaa aoa oaeueoeaei ? aeaei?aoeaiei, oi/ i?iiaaaiaea e
iaa’ycoaaea cia/i?e /anoei? ianaeaiiy ?eethc?th ia?iaeiaeaaeaey.
?icii/aoee o ?iee o?ouianueei? “a?aeeeae” i?ioean aeaiie?aoecaoe??
noni?eueiiai aeeooy aoa nia?oo caaaeueiiaaiee, a iio?i ? acaaae?
cai?iooee. Aeoaea iaiine?aeiaii i?iaiaeeany eo?n ia aeaiie?aoecaoe?th ?
a ia?aaoaeiaiee ia??iae. Cia/iith i??ith o?oaeiiu? ia?aoiaeo aei
aeaii-e?aoe/ieo oi?i i?aai?caoe?? iaoiai noni?euenoaa coiiaeai? ae??th
oioae?oa?ieo ? aaoi?eoa?ieo o?aaeeoe?e.

Ui ae oaea aeaiie?ao?y? ?nio? aaaaoi i?aeoiae?a aei oeoia/aiiy
aeaiie?ao??. Ia?oa, aieiaia cia/aiiy iia’ycaia c ao?iieia??th,
iioi-aeaeaiiyi oeueiai oa?i?io. “Aeaiie?ao?y” ia?aeeaaea?oueny c
aeaaiueia?aoeue-ei? ye “ia?iaeiaeaaeaey”, aai aeei?enoiaoth/e
?icoeo?iaeo oeueiai aecia/aiiy aia?eeainueeei i?aceaeaioii Aa?aaiii
E?ieieueiii, “i?aae?iiy ia?iaeo, aea?aiiai ia?iaeii ? aeey ia?iaeo”.

Iio?aeiith a?ae ao?iieia?/iiai iiiyooy aeaiie?ao?? ? a?eueo oe?oa
aecia/aiiy, ye oi?ie aoaeiae aoaeue-yei? i?aai?caoe??, caniiaaii? ia
??aiii?aai?e o/ano? ?? /eai?a a oi?aae?ii? ? i?eeiyo? a i?e ??oaiue ca
a?eueo?noth. C?icoi?ea a oe?ieiio cia/aii?, aeaiie?ao?y iiaea ?nioaaoe
ne??cue aea ? i?aai?caoe?y, aeaaea ? oi?aae?iiy.

A o?aoueiio cia/aii?, aeaiie?ao?y ?icaeyaea?oueny ye caniiaaiee ia
a?aeiia?aei?e nenoai? oe?iiinoae ?aeaae noni?eueiiai ono?ith ?
a?aeiia?ae-iiai eiio na?oiaeyaeo. Aei /enea neeaaeiaeo oeueiai ?aeaaeo
oe?iiinoae a?ae-iinyoueny naiaiaea, ??ai?noue, i?aaa ethaeeie, ia?iaeiee
noaa??i?oao oa ?i.

A /aoaa?oiio cia/aii? aeaiie?ao?y ?icaeyaea?oueny ye nioe?aeueiee ?
iie?oe/iee ?oo ca ia?iaeiaeaaeaey, cae?eniaiiy aeaiie?aoe/ieo oe?eae ?
?aeaae?a.

Iiiyooy aeaiie?ao?? ye ia?iaeiaeaaeaey (? ?io? iio?aei? a?ae oeueiai
aecia/aiiy aeaiie?ao??) ? ii?iaoeaieie, iine?eueee aacothoueny ia
ii?iaoeaiiio i?aeoiae? aei oeueiai oaiiiaio. Aeaiie?ao?y
oa?ae-oa?eco?oueny a oeueiio aeiaaeeo ye ?aeaae ,caniiaaiee ia oaeeo
oe?iiinoyo, ye naiaiaea, ??ai?noue, iiaaaa ethaenueei? a?aeiino?,
nie?aea?i?noue. A ia?oo /a?ao o?eueee nai?io oe?ii?niiio ci?noo
aeaiie?ao?y ciaia’ycaia oaeith iiioey?i?noth a no/aniiio na?o?.

Aeyaeaiiy aeaiaioo ooii?cio, iaa?aeiia?aeiino? i?ae ii?iaoeaiei iiiyooyi
aeaiie?ao?? ? ?aaeuei?noth, i?ae ?aeaaeii ? aeeooyi, yaey?oueny
iane?aeeii aii??e/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei aiae?co aeaiie?ao??. Oaeee i?aeo?ae
aano?aao?oueny a?ae ?aeaae?a ? ai??i?ieo ioe?ithth/eo i??eoaaiue ?
iio?aao? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaiie?ao??, oaeith yea aiia ? iani?aaae?. O
a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeyaeaiieie o aii??e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo
aeanoeainoyie, ooi/ith?oueny ? ia?aaeyaea?oueny iiiyooy aeaiie?ao?? ? ??
oai??y.

A?aoiaoth/e aca?iica’ycie ii?iaoeaieo ? aii??e/ieo icia/aiue aeaiie?ao??
ye oi?ie aea?aeaaiiai i?aae?iiy, iiaeia aeae?eeoe ?? ne?aeoth/?
oa?aeoa?i? ?ene:

TH?eaee/ia aecia/aiiy ? ?inoeooaoe?eia ae?aaeaiiy noaa??i?oaoo,
aa?oiaii? aeaaee ia?iaeo. O?eueee ia?iae, a ia iiia?o, a?enoie?ao?y,
ath?ie?ao?y /e aeooiaainoai aenooiathoue io?oe?eiei aeaea?aeii aeaaee.
Noaa??i?oao ia?iaeo ae?aaea?oueny a oiio, ui o?eueee eiio iaeaaeeoue
caniiaieoeueea , eiinoeoooe?eia aeaaea a aea?aeaa?, ui o?eueee a?i
aeae?a? nai?o i?aaenoaaiee?a ? iiaea ia??iaee/ii i?eeiaoe o/anoue a
?ic?iaoe? ? i?eeiyoo? caeii?a ca aeiiiiiaith ia?iaeieo ?i?oe?aoea ?
?aoa?aiaeoi?a.

Ia??iaee/ia aeai?i?noue iniiaieo i?aai?a aea?aeaae. Aeaiie?aoe/iith
iiaea aaaaeaoenue eeoa oa aea?aeaaa, a?iiaaeyie yei? cae?eniththoue
aa?oiaio aeaaeo, aeae?athoueny, i?e/iio aeae?athoueny ia iaiaaeaiiee
n?ie.

??ai?noue i?aa a?iiaaeyi ia o/anoue a oi?aae?ii? aea?aeaaith. Oeae
i?eioeei iio?aao? ye i?i?ioi ??aiino? aeai?/eo i?aa.

I?eeiyooy ??oaiue ca a?eueo?noth ? i?aeei?aiiy iaiueoino? a?eueoino? i?e
?o cae?eniaii?.

Oe? aeiiae ? i?i?iaeueieie oiiaaie, ye? aeicaieythoue aiai?eoe i?i
iayai?noue aeaiie?ao?? a o?e /e ?io?e e?a?i?.

Iaeiae ?aaeuei? iie?oe/i? nenoaie, caniiaai? ia caaaeueieo i?eioeeiao
aeaiie?ao??, aaeueie cia/ii a?ae??ciythoueny iaeia a?ae iaeii?,
iai?eeeaae( aioe/ia ? no/ania aeaiie?ao?y, aia?eeainueea ? uaaeoea?nueea
iie?oe/i? nenoaie ? o.ae. Iacaai? caaaeuei? i?eioeeie aeaiie?ao??
aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aeae?eeoe iniiai? e?eoa???, ye? aeicaieythoue
?ic??ciyoe ? eeaneo?eoaaoe aaaaoi/eneaii? oai??? ? i?aeoe/i?
aeaiie?aoe/i? iiaeae? ?, yeae aei??thaaoe ?o.

I?e ioe?ioe? o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?o ia?oei, iaeaaaeeea?oei i?ei-oeeiii —
noaa??i?oaoii ia?iaeo, — aeaiie?ao?y eeaneo?eo?oueny a caeaae-iino? a?ae
oiai, ye ?icoi??oueny ia?iae, ? ye cae?enith?oueny noaa??i?oao.

Iaiaaeaiiy ia?iaeo aeayeeie eeaniaeie aai aeaiia?ao?/ieie ?aieaie aea?
i?aenoaao oa?aeoa?ecoaaoe aea?aeaae, ye? i?aeaeathoue iie?oe/i?e
aeene?ei?i?caoe?? aeaye? a?oie ianaeaiiy ? cie?aia, ia iaaeaaath/e ?i
aeai?/eo i?aa, ye nioe?aeueii iaiaaeaii? aeaiie?ao?? ? a?ae??ciyoe ?o
a?ae anacaaaeueieo aeaiie?ao?e — aea?aeaa c ??aieie iie?oe/ieie i?aaaie
aeey anueiai aei?ineiai ianaeaiiy.

Ia?iae, yaeyth/enue neeaaeiith ni?euei?noth ethaeae, ia? iaaio
no?oeoo?o, neeaaea?oueny ?c eiie?aoieo inia. A caeaaeiino? a?ae oiai,
?icaeyaea?oueny a?i ye noeoii?noue naiino?eieo, a?eueieo ?iaeea?ae?a,
/e ye aca?iiae?y ??ciiiai?oieo a?oi, eio?? ia?ane?aeothoue a iie?oeoe?
nai? iniaia?, niaoeeo?/i? ?ioa?ane, aai ye ?aeeia, aiiiaaiia oe?ea,
noa’?eo, a yeiio aeii?iothoue caaaeuei? ?ioa?ane ? aiey, eiioeaioe?? ?
?aaeuei? iiaeae? aeaiie?ao?? ae?eyoueny a?aeiia?aeii ia
?iaeea?aeoae?noe/i?, ieth?ae?noe/i? (a?oiia?) ? eieaeoea?nonuee?.

A ia?oiio aaiaaeeo aaciina?aaei?i aeaea?aeii aeaaee aaaaea?oueny iniaa,
a ae?oaiio — a?oia, a o?aoueiio – aanue ia?iae (iaoe?y, eean).

Noaa??i?oao ia?iaeo — iaeaaeeea?oa eiinoeoooe?eiaaia iciaea aeaiie?ao??,
yea neoaeeoue i?aenoaaith ?? ioe?iee ia o?eueee c oi/ee ci?o ?icoi?iiy
naiiai oeueiai noa’?eoo, aea oaeiae ca oi?iith cae?eniaiiy iei aeaaee.

A caeaaeiino? a?ae oiai, ye ia?iae i?eeia? o/anoue a oi?aae?ii?, ooi ?
ye aaciina?aaeiuei aeeiio? aeaaei? ooieoe??, aeaiie?ao?y ae?eeoueny ia
i?yio, ieaa?noeeoio ? i?aaenoaaieoeueeo (eieaeoeaio).

A i?yieo oi?iao ia?iaeiaeaaeaey a?iiaaeyie nai? aaciina?aaeiuei
i?eeiathoue o/anoue a i?aeaioiaoe?, iaaiai?aii? ? i?eeiyo? ??oaiue.

Aaaeeeaei (ae?oaei ) eaiaeii o/ano? a?iiaaeyi o cae?eniaii? aeaaee ?
ieaa?noeeoia aeaiie?ao?y. A?aei?iiino? i?ae iath ? i?yiith aeaiie?ao??th
i?iaiaeeoueny ia caaaeaee, ine?eueee oe? aea? oi?ie o/ano? aeeth/athoue
aaciina?aaei? aieaaeyaeaiiy ia?iaeo, iaeiae aiia ?nio?. I?e
ieaa?noeeoi?e aeaiie?ao?? iiaeeeaino? iie?oe/iiai aieeao a?iiaaeyi
ii??aiyii iaiaaeai?. ?i iaaea?oueny i?aai ca aeiiiiiaith aieinoaaiiy
ooaaeeoe oie /e ?ioee i?iaeo caeiio /e ?ioiai ??oaiiy, yea cae/aeii
aioo?oueny i?aceaeaioii, o?yaeii, ia?o??th aai ?ioe?aoeaiith a?oiith.
Iiaeeeaino? aieeao iniiaii? iane ianaeaiiy o i?aeaioiaoe? oaeeo i?iaeo?a
aeoaea iaaaeee?.

O?aoy, aaaeo/a o no/anieo aea?aeaaieo oi?iao iie?oe/iiai ono?ith ?
i?aaenoaaieoeueea aeaiie?ao?y. ?? nooue — o aeai?? a?iiaaeyiaie a i?aaie
aeaaee nai?o i?aaenoaaiee?a, ye? aoaeooue ae?aaeaoe ?o ?ioa?ane,
i?eeiaoe caeiie ? a?aeaeaaaoe ?icii?yaeaeaiiy.

A caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?aeoa?o ??aiino?, yeo caaacia/o? aea?aeaaa,
aeaiie?ao?y ae?eeoueny ia iie?oe/io, yea ia?aaeaa/a? eeoa oi?iaeueio
??ai?noue, ??ai?noue i?aa, ? nioe?aeueio, yea caniiaaia ia ??aiino?
oaeoe/ieo iiaeeeainoae o/ano? a?iiaaeyi a oi?aae?ii? aea?aeaaith.

Aaaeeea? a?aei?ii? yeino? ??ciiiai?oieo aeaiie?ao?e aeicaieythoue
aeyaeoe aiae?c /aoaa?oi? caaaeueii? iciaee aeaiie?ao?? — i?aeei?aiiy
iaiueoino? a?eueoino? i?e i?eeiyo? ? cae?eniai? ??oaiue. Oaea
i?aeei?aiiy iiaea iaiaoe iaae ? ?iciianthaeaeoaaoenue ia aoaeue-ye?
noi?iie ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo ia? i?noea aeaniioe/ia
aeaiie?ao?y. Aiia i?aaenoaaey? niaith aaniethoio, i?/ei ? i?eei ia
iaiaaeaio aeaaeo a?eueoino?, iia’ycaio c iano?i?i ian ? naaa?eeyi. sseui
ae aeaaea a?eueoino? iio?aao? iiaiiai i?aeei?aiiy iniaenoino? ? i?yio?
aei anoaiiaeaiiy iaae iath iino?eiiai caaaeueiiai eiio?ieth, oi
aeaiie?ao?y noa? oioae?oa?iith.

Aioeiiaeii oaeeo oi?i oi?aae?iiy ? eiinoeoooe?eia aeaiie?ao?y. Aiia
noaaeoue aeaaeo a?eueoino? o aecia/ai? a?aieoe?, iaiaaeo? ??
iiaiiaaaeaiiy ? ooieoe?? ca aeiiiiiaith eiinoeoooe?? ? ?iciiae?eo aeaaee
? caaacia/o? oei naiei aaoiiii?th ? naiaiaeo iaiueoino?, a oiio /ene? ?
ie?aie inia?.

Aeieo?eie, ??ciiaeaee.

?nioth/? a iao? aei? aeaiie?aoe/i? nenoaie aa?ooue na?e ii/aoie a?ae
oi?i i?aae?iiy, ye? aeieeee a e?ioe? OVIIIno. i?ae i?yiei ?
??ciinoi?iii?i aieeaii e?aa?ae?cio. Caneoae e?aa?ae?cio a ?icaeoeo
iie?oe/ii? ? aeaiie?aoe/ii? aeoiee iaaecae/aeii aaeee?. Oey ?aeaeia ?
iie?oe/ia oa/?y aenooieea i?ae i?aii?ii naiaiaee iniaenoino?, caoenoo ??
a?ae aea?aeaaii? oe?ai??. Aaouee?aueiith e?aa?aeueieo ?aeae ? i?noeai
ia?oiai i?aeoe/iiai ao?eaiiy aaaaoueio ?c ieo ? Aiae?y. ?aea? ? i?aeoeea
e?aa?ae?cia aeiaaee /an ia ni?aiaaeaee c aeaiie?ao??th, ye oai???th, oae
? ?ooii. ?aeaieiae ?aiuei? e?aa?aeueii? aeaiie?ao?? — Aeaeii Eiee,
Oa?eue-Eo? Iiioane’? oa ?io? — aoee noo?aiaai? ia caaacia/aiiyi on?o
a?iiaaeyi ??aieie iie?oe/ieie i?aaaie ? i?eaaaeaiiyi ?o aei oi?aae?iiy
aea?aeaaith, a iaee iaoith iai?iaeeoe eean aeaniee?a, a /anoi ?
a?enoie?ao?th a?ae naaa?eey c aieo iiia?oa, e?ea?aeoaaoe oaiaeaeuei?
iaiaaeaiiy, ye? caaaaeaee i?eaaoii-i?aei?e?iieoeuee?e ae?yeueiino?.

Iaaeia??eeaa a?aeiioaiiy e?aa?ae?cio aei ian, aieeioei ia e?aa?aeueio
aeaiie?ao?th, yea aeyaeeany ye ae nieaaii e?aa?aeueii? ?aea? iaiaaeaiiy
naaa?eey aeaaee ca aeiiiiiaith ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo i?aa ? aeaiie?aoe/iiai
i?eioeeio ia?iaeiiai noaa??i?oaoo. A oe?eiio ae oe?e iiaeae? aeaiie?ao??
a ?? eeane/iiio aa??aio? (O?O no.-ii/aoie OO no.) i?eoaiaii? ne?aeoth/?
oa?aeoa?i? ?ene:

Ioioiaeithaaiiy ia?iaeo ye noa’?eoa aeaaee c aeanieeaie – /i-eia?eaie,
aeeeth/aiiy ieaei?o aa?noa, iiia?o ca ana iaeiaieo ?ia?o-iee?a, a oaeiae
ae?iie ?c /enea a?iiaaeyi, ye? iathoue aeai?ia i?aai.

?iaeea?aeoae?noe/i?noue aeciaiiy iniae ia?aeiiei aieiaiei aeaea?aeii
aeaaee, i??i??oao i?aa iniae iaae caeiiaie aea?aeaae. I?aaa iniae a
oe?eyo caoenoo cae??ieththoueny a eiinoeoooe??, aeeiiaiiy yei?
eiio?ieth? iacaeaaei?e noae.

Oceiiie?oe/iee, oi?iaeueiee oa?aeoa? aeaiie?ao??, yeee aeieeaa? c
aocueeiai, iaaaoeaiiai ?icoi?iiy naiaiaee, ye a?aenooiino? i?eiono,
iaiaaeaiue.

Ia?eaiaioa?eci, ia?aaaaeaiiy i?aaenoaaieoeueeeo oi?i iie?oe/iiai aieeao.

Iaiaaeaiiy eiiiaoaioe?? ? noa?e ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaae, ia?aaaaeii
ioi?iiith a?iiaaenueeiai ii?yaeeo, aaciaee ? i?aa a?iiaaeyi,
nioe?aeueiiai ie?o ? o.ae., eiai iaao?o/aiiy o ni?aae a?iiaaenueeiai
noni?euenoaa, aeiiii?/i?, nioe?aeuei? ? aeooiaii- ii?aeuei? i?ioeane.

?icae?eaiiy aeaaee, noai?aiiy no?eiie ? i?ioeaaa, ye oiia aoaeoeaiiai
eiio?ieth a?iiaaeyi iaae aea?aeaaith, caiia?aaiiy ceiaaeeaaiiy aeaaeith.

Iaiaaeaiiy aeaaee a?eueoino? iaae iaio?noth, caaacia/aiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ? a?oiiai? aaoiiii??, ? naiaiaee. Iaio?noue iiaeiia
i?aeei?yoenue a?eueoino? eeoa a noai?i aecia/aieo ieoaiiyo, ca iaaeaie
yeeo aiia iiai?noth a?eueia. Iaio?noue ai?aa? iaoe na?e iiaeyae ?
a?aenoithaaoe eiai o ?aieao caeiio, iacaaaeath/e ia i?eeiyo? a?eueo?noth
??oaiiy.

Oe? oa ?io? ?ene e?aa?aeueii? aeaiie?ao?? na?ae/aoue, ui aiia noaea
cia/iei e?ieii aia?aae ia oeyoo aecaieaiiy ethaeeie, iiaaae ??
a?aeiino?. A oie aea /an oey aeieo?eia aeaiie?ao??, a nai?io eeane/iiio
aa??aio?, aaeueie aeaeaea a?ae ?aeaaeo ia?iaeiaeaaeaey. A yeino?
iaaeie?e?a eeane/ii? e?aa?aeueii? aeaiie?ao?? iiaeia a?aei?oeoe:

Nioe?aeueii-eeaniaa iaiaaeaii?noue.

Oi?iaeuei?noue, ? ye iane?aeie, aeaeea?aoeai?noue aeaiie?ao?? aeey
a?aeieo, nioe?aeueii-iacaaacia/aieo aa?noa ianaeaiiy, ?? ia?aao?eaiiy ?c
ia?iaeiaeaaeaey a ciaaaiiy a?ioiaeo i?oe?a.

Iaiaaeai?noue noa?e aeaiie?ao?? ? iie?oe/ii? o/ano? iniae.

I?eiaioaiiy ?ie? aea?aeaae a oi?aae?ii? noni?euenoaii ? a oe??ieaii?
nioe?aeueii? ni?aaaaeeeaino?.

Iaaei??iee oe?ii?niee ?iaeea?aeoae?ci, ?aii?oaaiiy i?e?iaee ethaeeie, ??
iaeaaeiino? aei ??ciiiai?oieo nioe?aeueieo a?oi.

I?aeoe/iith a?aeiia?aei?noth ia iaaeie?ee eeane/ii? e?aa?aeueii?
aeaiie?ao?? noaee ?ia?oie/a, nioe?ae?noe/ia, eiioi?noe/ia oa ?io? ?ooe,
a oaeiae iia?, a /iionue i?ioeeaaei? e?aa?ae?cio aeaiie?aoe/i? aeieo?eie
? ni?iae ai?iaaaeeoe ?o aaeeooy.

Iiaeieaoe iaaeie?ee e?aa?aeueii? aeaiie?ao?? ? cae?enieoe ni?aaaei?
ia?iaeiaeaaeaey i?iao? aeieo?eia ? ?aaeueia iiaeaeue eieaeoea?nonueei?
(nioe?ae?noe/ii?, aai i?ieaoa?nueei?) aeaiie?ao??. Oey aeieo?eia
a?oiooaaeany ia ia?enenonueeiio eeaniaiio i?aeoiae? – aiia
?icaeyaeaeanue ye aioeoaca “ao?aeoacii? aeaiie?ao??”.
Caaaeueiiethaenueea oe?ii?noue e?aa?aeueii? aeaiie?ao?? a?aeeeaeaeanue.
Noaaeeanue iaoa iiaeieaoe aeanoeaee oiai/aniiio n?ni?euenoao cia/iith
i??ith oi?iaeueiee oa?aeoa? naiaiaee. Oeae oei aeaiie?ao?? oai?aoe/ii
aeinoaoiuei ii?aoeueiaaiee. Ni?iae eiai i?aeoe/iiai cae?eniaiiy,
c?iaeaii? ia?o ca ana a e?a?iao aea?aeaaiiai nioe?ae?cio, ia iaee
oni?oo. Aea aiie cia/ii caaaaoeee oai??th ? i?aeoeeo aeaiie?ao??.
Aeaeaoi? i?aaenoaaieee eieaeoea?nonueei? aeaiie?ao?? — ?onni, E.Ia?en,
A.Eai?i, E.Oi?oo.

Ia aeeaey/enue ia cia/i? a?aei?iiino?, ??ciiiai?oi? eieaeoea?nonuee?
oai??? iathoue ?yae caaaeueieo ?en:

Eieaeoea?ci a o?aeoiaoe? ia?iaeo, aeciaiiy ia?iaeo iaeiei oe?eei, yea
ia? ia’?eoeai?, ?nioth/? ua aei naiai aeciaiiy, caaaeueiee ?ioa?an ?
aieth.

A?aenooi?noue i?ioe??/ue ana?aaeei? ia?iaeo, ?icaeyaeaiiy iie?oe/ii?
iiiceoe?? ye iaoieia??.

Eieaeoea?nonueea (aeecueea aei aioe/iiai) ?icoi?iiy naiaiaee, ye
aeoeaia, ??aiii?aaia o/anoue a?iiaaeyi o ni?aaao on??? aea?aeaae ?
noni?euenoaa.

Oioae?oa?i?noue, anai?iieeath/ee aaniethoiee oa?aeoa? aeaaee, yea
iani?aaae? cae?enith?oueny aiaeaeyie a?ae ia?iaeo, iiaia aaccaoeni?noue
iaioino?.

Onoiaiiy naii? i?iaeaie i?aa ethaeeie.

Anacaaaeueiiiie?oe/ia iia?e?caoe?y.

Aeaeea?oaaiiy nioe?aeueii? aeaiie?ao??.

Ioaea, iaa?oue ye aeieo?eia “i?ieaoa?nueea aeaiie?ao?y” aoea oeaia ca
nai?ie i?eioeeiiaeie canaaeaie, icia/aea a?aeo?ae a?ae ni?aaae?
aeaii-e?aoe/ieo o?aaeeoe?e ? oiai/anieo caeiaooe?a ethaenueei?
oeea?e?caoe??, a?ae-e?eaaea oeyo aei anoaiiaeaiy oioae?oa?ieo aeeeoaoo?,
a?ae/oaeaiiy ia?iaeieo ian a?ae aeaaee. Ia aeiaaeeiai i?ioe oe???
aeieo?eie aenooiaa ia?eneno-?a?iia?oeue E.Eaoonueeee, ca ui aoa
caeioaa/aiee A.Eai?iei o ?aiaaaonoa?.

Aeaiie?ao?y cao?aeiiai ac??oey ae?inea ?c e?aa?aeueii? iie?oe/ii?
nenoaie ? iane?aeo? ?? aieiai? i?aai?caoe?ei? i?eioeeie:
eiinoe-oooe?ae?ci, ?icae?eaiiy aeaaee oa ?io?, a oaeiae oae? oe?iino?,
ye ?iaeea?aeoaeueia naiaiaea, i?aaa ethaeeie, aaoiiii?y iaiueoino? oiui.
Ioe?iee ? iacae no-/anii? aeaiie?ao?? iaiaeiicia/i?. ?? /anoi
iaceaathoue ietha?enoe/iith, iine?eueee aiia aaco?oueny ia ia ?nioth/iio
?ai?oa ??ciiiaii?o? noni?eueieo ?ioa?an?a (aeiiii?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo,
eoeueoo?ieo, ?ae?a?eieo, a?oiiaeo, oa?eoi??aeueieo oa ?ioeo) ? oi?i ?o
ae??oaiiy (iie?oe/i? ia?o??, anioe?aoe?? ? ia’?aeiaiiy, a?iiaaenuee?
?ooe ? ?ioe?aoeae).Iaea?aeii?o? i?aaenoaaieee — A.Eane?, Ae.O?oiai,
A.O?aaieaeue, ?.Aeaeue.

Iacaa?oath/e oaaae ia noiae?noue c eeane/iith e?aa?aeueiith
aeaiie?ao??th, no/ania aeaiie?ao?y ia? nai? iniaeeaino?:

Aiia aaco?oueny ia neioac? ??ciiiai?oieo ?aeae, eiioeaioe?e ? oi?i
aeaniino?. I?iao? ii?aeioaaoe o?aaeeoe?ei? e?aa?aeuei? oe?iiino? c
?aeayie, ye? caiice/ai? a?ae nioe?ae?noe/iiai, o?enoeyinueeiai,
eiioi?noe/iiai oa ?ioeo ?oo?a, caaaea? ia iia? ?aae??
iino?iaeono??aeueiiai noni?euenoaa.

Ietha?enoe/ia eiioeaioe?y aeoiaeeoue c oiai, ui ia ?iaeea?aeoi, ia
ia?iae, a a?oia ? aieiaiith ?ooath/ith neeith iie?oeee a no/ani?e
aeaiie?aoe/i?e aea?aeaa?. O?eueee a a?oi?, a oaeiae a i?aea?oiiaeo
a?aeiineiao oi?io?oueny iniaa, aecia/a?oueny ?? ?ioa?ane, oe?iiinoi?
i???ioaoe?? ? iioeae iie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Eiaeia ethaeeia –
i?aaenoaaiee aaaaoueio a?oi: n?iaeii?, i?ioan?eii?, aoi?/ii?,
?ae?a?eii?, aeaiia?ao?/ii? oiui. Ca aeiiiiiaith a?oie, ?iaeea?aeoi
iaea?aeo? iiaeeea?noue ae?aaeaiiy ? caoenoo nai?o ?ioa?an?a.

Oey aeaiie?ao?y, i?aaenoaaey? niaith oi?io oi?aae?iiy, yea aeicaiey?
aaaaoueii noni?eueiei a?oiai a?eueii ae?aaeaoe nai? ?ioa?ane ?
ciaoiaeeoe a eiieo?aioi?e ai?iouea? eiii?ii?ni? ??oaiiy.

sseui ocaaaeueieoe ??ciiiai?oi? eiioeaioe?? ietha?enoe/ii? aeaiie?ao??,
oi iiaeia aeae?eeoe o ieo ne?aeoth/? caaaeuei? ?aea?:

Caoe?eaaeaia a?oia – oeaio?aeueiee aeaiaio aeaiie?aoe/ii? iie?oe/ii?
nenoaie, yea aa?aioo? ?aae?caoe?th ?ioa?an?a, i?aa ? naiaiae
?iaeea?aeoi?a. Nai ?iaeea?ae i?e oeueiio a?aenooia? ia ae?oaee ieai.

Caaaeueia aiey ye ?acoeueoao eiioe?eoii? aca?iiae?? ??cieo a?oi ? ?o
eiii?ii?n?a.

Noia?ieoeoai ? aaeain a?oiiaeo ?ioa?an?a — nioe?aeueia iniiaa
aeaiie?aoe/ii? aeaaee, ?? aeeiai?ea.

Cao?eiee ? i?ioeaaae ?iciianthaeaeothoueny ia o?eueee ia
?inoeoooe?iiaeueio noa?o (e?aa?ae?ci), aea e ia nioe?aeueio iaeanoue,
aea ieie aenooiathoue a?oie-noia?ieee.

“?icoiiee aai?ci”, iniaiaee, ? iniaeeai a?oiiaee ?ioa?ane, ye aaia?aoi?e
iie?oeee.

Aea?aeaaa — oea i?aai, a?aeiia?aeiee ca ii?iaeueia ooieoe?thaaiiy an?o
naeoi??a noni?eueii? nenoaie ? i?aeo?eioth/ee a n?ni?euenoa? nioe?aeueio
ni?aaaaeeea?noue.

?icieeaiiy aeaaee i?ae ??ciiiai?oieie oeaio?aie iie?oe/iiai aieeao:
aea?aeaaieie ?inoeoooaie, ia?o?yie, a?oiaie ?ioa?an?a oiui.

Iayai?noue a noni?euenoa? oe?ii?noiiai eiinainona, yeee i?eionea?
aeciaiiy ? iiaaao an?ia o/anieeaie iie?oe/iiai ciaaaiiy iniia ?nioth/iai
aea?aeaaiiai ono?ith, aeaiie?aoe/ieo i?aaee a?e, iniaenoeo i?aa, caeiio.

Aeaiie?aoe/ia i?aai?caoe?y naieo aacenieo a?oi, ye oiiaa aaeaeaaoiiai
i?aaenoaaieoeoaa ?ioa?an?a neeaaeath/eo ?o a?iiaaeyi.

Ietha?enoe/ia aeieo?eia aeaiie?ao?? ciaeoea aeciaiiy ? canoinoaaiiy o
aaaaoueio e?a?iao na?oo, aea ?niothoue ? iaaeie?ee. Iaeiei ?c aieiaieo
iaaeie?e?a oe??? aeieo?eie ia??aeei aaaaeathoue ?aeaae?caoe?th
ae?eniino?, ia?aa?eueoaiiy a?oiiai? ?oaiaeeo?eaoe?? ianaeaiiy, o/ano?
a?iiaaeyi o a?oiao ?ioa?an?a. Ae?oaee aaaeeeaee iai?yi e?eoeee aeieo?eie
ieth?ae?noe/ii? aeaiie?ao?? caeioaa/o? ?? a iaaeinoaoiueiio iae?eo
ia??aiino? iie?oe/iiai aieeao ??cieo noni?eueieo a?oi, ? ia?o ca ana
ia?oi/a?aiaiai aieeao ia aeaaeo — a?ciano, ath?ie?ao??, i?ioni?eie,
a?enueeiai-i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno. Oaeiae e?eoeeo?oueny ? naia iiaeaeue
oaei? aeaiie?ao??. Noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui ieth?ae?noe/ia aeaiie?ao?y
eiina?aaoeaia, iine?eueee aeey i?eeiyooy ??oaiue iio?aao? oe?ieiai
iiaiaeaeaiiy on?o caoe?eaaeaieo a?oi, ui aaaeei caaacia/eoe ia ae?e?,
iniaeeai a ia??iaee iie?oe/iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy. E??i oeueiai, a
ieth?ae?noe/i?e aeaiie?ao?? c aaeeeeie o?oaeiiuaie i?iaeaathoue nia?
aei?iao ? iaea?aeothoue aeciaiiy anacaaaeuei?, aeiaaeuei?,
aeiaaino?ieia? ? iia? ?ioa?ane.

Aei i?ion?a ieth?ae?noe/ii? aeaiie?ao?? iiaeia a?aeianoe e oa, ui aiia
aeoeaioo? aieiaio oaaao ia neeaaeiiio a?oiiaiio neeaae? ia?iaeo, ye
noa’?eo? aeaaee, oiio ia iiaea a?aeia?aceoe an? aniaeoe no/anieo
aeieo?ei ? aeiiiaith?oueny ?yaeii ?ioeo. Iaei??th ?c ni?ia aeeoe c
i?ioe??/ oai??? ieth?ae?noe/ii? aeaiie?ao?? ? noi?ioeueiaaia ?.Aeaeai
oai??y iie?a?o?? – iiiaeeiiino? oeaio??a aeaaee, a ioaea ? ae?oieo a?oi
o aeaiie?aoe/iiio noni?euenoa?. Oiaoi ia?oueny ia oaac?, ui cai?noue
?aeeiiai oeaio?o noaa?aiii? aeaaee iiaeiia aooe iiiaeeii?noue oaeeo
oeaio??a, aeiaeai c yeeo ia iiaea aooe iiai?noth noaa?aiiei.
Aeaiie?aoe/iith aaaaea?oueny nenoaia, a ye?e aeaaea aeenia?nia ia
i?ioeaaao aeaae? iaaaaaoueio – aeeeoaoo??. Aeieo?eia iie?a?o??
aeoiaeeoue c oiai, ui ca?aeii c aeiiaaie e?aa?aeueii? aeaiie?ao??,
eiinainon ? iie?oe/ia ??ai?noue iiaeii? aooe aeoeaieie ? oaeeie, ui
?icaeaathoueny. Aeey oeueiai eiaeiee a?iiaaeyiei iiaeiai aieiae?oe
iaa?ae’?iiei i?aaii oi?ioethaaoe ? a?aee?eoi aeaiiino?oaaoe, eiio a?i
iaaea? ia?aaaao. Naia oea ca?eueoo? ? aa?aioo? iiaeeea?noue ??aiino? a
oi?aae?ii? noni?euenoaii. Iie?a?o?y iie?ioo? ? aeiiiaith? i?eioeeie
aeaiie?ao??, oi?aae?iiy a?eueoino? oeyoii oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie
ia?iaeiiai i?aaenoaaieoeoaa, i?oei?oi? aa?aio?? i?aa iaioino?, onoiaiiy
??cieo aeae?a iie?oe/ii? ia??aiino?.

Oai??yie eiioeaio?oth/eie oaao ia naiiio i?ioean? cae?eniaiiy aeaaee ?
?ai?acaioaoeaia (i?aaenoaaieoeueea) ? ia?oenei?oa?ia (iie?oe/ii? o/ano?)
eiioeaioe?? aeaiie?ao??. Eiioeaioe?y, yea iiynith? ?ai?acaioaoeaio
aeaiie?ao?th, aeoiaeeoue ?c ?? ?icoi?iiy ye eiiiaoaioiiai ?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiiai ia?aae ia?iaeii i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aae?iiy. Aiey
ia?iaeo ooo ia i?e??aith?oueny c eiai i?yiith o/anoth. Aiia ?nio?
aeaeaei ia ii an?i ieoaiiyi ? ae?aaea?oueny a?iiaaeyiaie, ye
aaciina?aaeiuei ia aeai?ao, oae ? aeaeaao?oueny i?aaenoaaieoeueeei
i?aaiai ? aeaiooaoai, eio?? a iaaeao aeaieo ?i iiaiiaaaeaiue oi?iothoue
caaaeueio aieth, a ii?ith ? ae?thoue noi?ioea ia? i?ae naith
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue. A?aeiineie i?ae ia?iaeii ? eiai i?aaenoaaieeaie
aoaeothoueny ia iniia? eiio?ieth (aeaeo?i?aeueiiai,
?inoeoooe?iiaeueiiai, eiinoeoooe?eiiai), iaiaaeaiiy eiiiaoaioe?? o
?aieao caeiio. ?aaeueii ?ai?acaioaoeaia aeaiie?ao?y cae/aeii
ao?eth?oueny a ia?eaiaioa?eci? — nenoai? i?aa-e?iiy, caniiaai?e ia
?iciiae?e? aeaaee ? aa?oiaiino? aeaaee ia?eaiaioo. ?ai?acaioaoeaia
aeieo?eia aeaiie?ao?? ia? ye neeuei?, oae ? neaae? noi?iie. A yeino?
aeinoi?inoa oe??? iiaeae? oi?aae?iiy cae/ae a?aei?/athoue ?? caeaoi?noue
aa?aiooaaoe a?eueiee noni?eueiee ono??e ? aenieo aoaeoeai?noue o
aeeiiaii? noni?eueieo caaea/. Ca aeoieith ?? i?eoeeueiee?a,
?ai?acaioaoeaia aeaiie?ao?y aa?aioo? ii?yaeie ? iie?oe/io
noaa?euei?noue, iaa??aa? noni?euenoai a?ae ianiaeo iano?i?a ? oei/aniaeo
caoiieaiue. Aei iaaeie?e?a oe??? aeieo?eie a?aeiinyoueny:

Oaeoe/ia onoiaiiy ia?iaeo a?ae aeaaee ia i?ii?aeeo i?ae aeai?aie ? oei
naiei a?aeo?ae a?ae ia?iaeiaeaaeaey.

Iaieio/o ath?ie?aoecaoe?th ? ie?aa?o?caoe?th aeaaee.

I??i??oaoi?e aieea ia iie?oeeo iaea?eueo neeueieo a?oi ?ioa?an?a, ia?o
ca ana eai?oaeo.

C?inoaiiy a aea?aeaa? aaoi?eoa?ieo oaiaeaioe?e.

Neaaeo eaaoeii?noue aeaaee.

Oe?ie? iiaeeeaino? iie?oe/iiai iai?ioethaaiiy, ca aeiiiiiaith neeaaeii?
aaaaoinooi?i/aoi? nenoaie aeaaee.

I?ae aieeaii e?eoeee ?ai?acaioaoeaia aeaiie?ao?y a 60-70 ??. OO no.
iaea?aeaea oe?iea ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ? ?aaeueii aieeioea ia ono??e
?inoeooo?a oi?aae?iiy oai??? ia?oenei?oa?ii? aeaiie?ao??. Aiia
i?aoaiaeo? ia iaeneiaeueio a?aeiia?aei?noue ii?iaoeaiiio ?aeaaeo
aeaiie?ao??, ye ia?iaeaeaaeaey ? eiai i?enoinoaaiiy aei no/aniiai
aea?aeaaiiai ? nioe?aeueiiai ono?ith. Oey oai??y aeoiaeeoue ?c o?aeoiaee
aeaiie?ao?? ye oi?aa?naeueiiai i?eioeeio i?aai?caoe?? on?o iaeanoae
noni?eueiiai aeeooy, yea caaacia/o? iiaaao a?aeiino? iniae. Aeaiie?ao?y
iiaeiia aooe ne??cue: a n?i’?, a oeie?, oi?aa?n?oao?, ia ae?iaieoeoa?, a
ia?o?yo, aea?aeaa? ? o.ae.

Aieiaieie oe?eyie ia?oenei?oa?ii? aeaiie?ao?? ? anaa?/ia
aeaiie?aoecaoe?y noni?euenoaa, nioe?aeueia aiaineiaoe?y ? noni?eueia
naii?aae?caoe?y iniae. O/anoue aaaaoueio ethaeae a oi?aae?ii? ?icoe?th?
?ioaeaeooaeueiee iioaioe?ae aeey i?eeiyooy ??oaiue, ca?eueoo?
a??ia?aei?noue ?o iioei?caoe??, i?aeaeuo? noaa?euei?noue iie?oe/ii?
nenoaie ? aoaeoeai?noue oi?aae?iiy. Aei ?aaeeeaeueieo aa??aio?a oe???
aeieo?eie i?eieeathoue iie?oe/i? eiioeaioe?? iiaeo nioe?ae?noe/ieo
?oo?a, iai?eeeaae aeieia?no?a.

?? e?eoeee noaa?aeaeothoue, ui oey aeaiie?ao?y ia iiaea aooe oi?iith
aeeooy, oi?aa?naeueiei i?eioeeiii ?? i?aai?caoe??. Ia?aaeaa/oaaia
ia?oenei?oa?ia aeaiie?aoecaoe?y iie?oe/iiai noni?euenoaa aaaea aei
oioae?oa?ecio /e iiioe?nonueeiai aaoioa?ecio. Aiia iaiaaeo?
?iaeea?aeoaeueio naiaiaeo, noai?th? caa?ico i?eaaoi?e aeaniino? ?
i?aei?e?iieoeoao. E??i oiai, iaaeie?eaie oe??? aeaiie?ao?? ?: iecueea
aoaeoeai?noue ??oaiue, ye? i?eeiathoueny; cieaeaiiy ?inoeoooe?eii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? iinaaeiaeo in?a; iaiiaeeea?noue aac i?eiono caeo/aoe
aei nenoaiaoe/ii? o/ano? a oi?aae?ii? a?eueo?noue a?iiaaeyi.

Iiyae ??ciiiai?oieo eiioeaioe?e o iaaeao iniiaieo iinooeao?a
e?aa?aeueii? aeieo?eie aeaiie?ao?? ? iaeiei ?c na?ae/aiue ??
iaae/a?iiino? ye iaea?eueo aeineiiaei? oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? aeaaee.

sse aa/eii ?c i?eaaaeaiiiai aeua aiae?co aeaiie?aoe/ieo aeieo?ei ? oi?i,
eiaeia c ieo ia? ye ia?aaaae, oae ? iaaeie?ee. ?aaeueii ?nioth/a
aeaiie?ao?y a ?iaeono??aeueii ?icaeiaieo e?a?iao na?oo i?aaia
ii?aeioaaoe ?aea? naiioi?aae?iiy ? ia?oenei?oaoe?? (aieiaiei /eiei ia
i?noeaaiio ??ai?, a /anoeiai ? ia ae?iaieoeoa?) c i?aaenoaaieoeoaii a
ianooaa? an??? aea?aeaae. A oe?eiio ae oea i??i??oaoia ?ai?acaioaoeaia
ieth?ae?noe/ia aeaiie?ao?y, yea aaco?oueny ia e?aa?aeueieo oe?iiinoyo ?
yea a?aoiao? a a?eueo?e /e iaio?e noaiai? aeaye? o?enoeyinuee? ?
nioe?ae?noe/i? ?aea?.

Nai?ie oe?i/aiieie iiaeeeainoyie ? ia?niaeoeaaie aeaiie?ao?y iaiiaae
ca?eueieea i/?eoaaiiy, ye? aiia ia a neeao caaeia?eueieoe. A nai?i
aeooii iiaeaaeeeaino? ? ni?eeiyooy an?o iiaeyae?a aiia a?aee?eea i?ino??
o oiio /ene? ? aeey iai?yie?a, ye? oi/ooue ?? cieueoe. ?ioith aiia aooe
ia iiaea, oae ye oea – ?? i?e?iaea, ?? ia?aaaaa. Aea oeei aiia iiaea
caaeia?eueieoe eeoa aeayeeo, aea i?ye ia an?o. O ethaeae caaaeaee
caeeoa?oueny iio?aaa i?iaeiaaeoaaoe oaeineiiaeaiiy aei iane?i/aiino?
i?eia?iiai aaniethoiiai ?aeaaeo ? i?yeith iie?oe/iith nenoaiith ?o ia
caaeia?eueieoe. Oiio ieoaiiy i?i oa, iiaea aeaiie?ao?y ci?ieoeny ia ?io?
oi?ie, ia? /?oeo a?aeiia?aeue: oea o?aieyeinue ? ?ai?oa, i?ioiaeeoue
ca?ac, ? iiaea a?aeaooeny a iaeaooiueiio.

Aeaiie?ao?y caaaeaee ? “?icaei??aeaey”, oae ye aiia oea nenoaia
naiaiaee, nenoaia aeey yei? iaia i?/iai aaniethoiiai. Aeaiie?ao?y ?
ionoee i?ino??, a yeiio iiaeooue ?icaeiooeny iae??ciiiai?oi?o? iie?oe/i?
i?aaiaiiy. Iacaaeiaieaiiy aeaiie?ao??th, a i?eioeei?, iiaeia o?aeooaaoe,
ye aoiio ethaeae a?ae iaaecia/aiiino?, aaaeaiiy aea?aoe eiie?aoiee oeyo
?icaeoeo. Aea aaaeei aeaoe iaeiicia/io a?aeiia?aeue ia ieoaiiy “a /e ia
iiaa?iaiinue ie a e?ioe? oeyoo ciiao ia oaae naia i?noea, ca?aeee
ii/eiaee?”. Iaee?auo a?aeiia?aeue ia oea caieoaiiy aeaa O.*a?/?eue,
aenooiath/e a A?eoainuee?i ia?eaiaio? 11 eenoiiaaea 1947?.: “aeaiie?ao?y
– naia iiaaia oi?ia i?aae?iiy, yeui ia a?aoiaoaaoe ?io?…”.

Noiniaii Oe?a?ie, oi ooo, ye ? a ?ioeo iinooioae?oa?ieo,
iinoeiioi?noe/ieo aea?aeaaao, i?ioean ooaa?aeaeaiiy i?eioeei?a
aeaiie?ao?? – c o?aooaaiiyi iaoe?iiaeueieo o?aaeeoe?e – o?eaaeee ?
iai?inoee. Oa, ui c?iaeaii a a?oaei? 1991?.- o?eueee ii/aoie.

E?oa?aoo?a

Iie?oieia?y. Ca ?aaeaeoe??th I.?.Naie?aa. Euea?a: Na?o, 1994.

Iie?oieia?y. Ca ?aaeaeoe??th I.A.Aaae?ii?, A.I.Ai?aaoaiea. Ee?a:
Aeaaeai?y, 1998.

Iieeoieiaey. Eo?n eaeoeee. Iiae ?aaeaeoeeae A.A.?aaeoaeia. I:
Oeaio?,1999.

Ioaa/?a A.I., Nieiaueaa A.E. Aaaaeaiea a iieeoieiaeth. I., 1998.

??i?eia ?.I. Iie?oieia?y. *a?eane: A?aeeoiiy, 1998.

Oiiaeaa A.A. Iieeoieiaey: aeanoue, aeaiie?aoey, ee/iinoue. O/aaiia
iiniaea. I., 1994.

Iie?oieia?/iee aioeaeeiiaaee/iee neiaiee. Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee aeey
nooaeaio?a aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a. E.: Aaiaca, 1997.

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