2

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE ? IAOEE OE?A?IE

OA?E?ANUeEEE ?INOEOOO AEIIII?EE ?EIEIAEO

A?AeIINEI ? IAIAAeAEIAIOO

EAOAAe?A IAE?EO ? AOAeEOO

EO?NIAA ?IAIOA

C aeenoeeie?ie «I?aai?caoe?y oa iaoiaeeea aoaeeoo»

Oaia ?iaioe: Iaoiaeeea aoaeeoo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? oa ?? ?aae?caoe??

Ea??aiee ?iaioe: Aeeiiaea:

______________________ nooaeaioea IV eo?no cai/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy

(i?aeien) (I.?.I)

______________________ ____________

(aeaoa) (i?aeien)

_________________

(aeaoa)

Oa?e?a

2008 ??eIeai

Anooi

?icae?e 1. Oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe i?aai?caoe?? aoaeeoo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??

1.1 Aiae?c iniiaieo iiiyoue ? iaoeiaeo iai?yie?a c aoaeeoo

1.2 ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee aoaeeoo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??

?icae?e 2. Aoaeeo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ia i?aeaioia/iio aoai? ia?aa??ee

2.1 Ii?yaeie oeeaaeaiiy aeiaiai?o ia i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeeoo

2.2 Aea/aiiy nenoaie aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth oa nenoaie iae?eo.
Anoaiiaeaiiy nooiaiy ?eceeo

2.3 I?aeaioiaea ieaio ? i?ia?aie ia?aa??ee

?icae?e 3. Aoaeeo oa iae?e aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? oa ?? ?aae?caoe??

3.1 Aoaeeo oa iae?e aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? oa ?? ?aae?caoe??

3.2 Iaoiaee ia?aa??ee ? eiio?ieuei? i?ioeaaeo?e c aoaeeoo aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe??

3.3 Aoaie aoaeeoo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??

3.4 Oi?ioaaiiy ?iai/eo aeieoiaio?a aoaeeoi?a

3.5 I?aeaioiaea i?aenoieiai? aeieoiaioaoe?? ii ?acoeueoaoao aoaeeoo

Aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe??

Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae

ANOOI

Iinooiiaee ia?ao?ae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie aei ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei i?eca?a aei iiyae ni?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa, ainiiaea?nueeeo
oiaa?enoa, a??ae, eiia?oe?eieo aaie?a, ?iaanoeoe?eieo oiiae?a oiui.

O ca`yceo c aeieeiaiiyi i?aei?e?inoa c ??cieie oi?iaie aeaniino? noaei
c?icoi?eei oa, ui o?aaeeoe?eia nenoaia o?iainiaiai eiio?ieth a oiio
aeaeyae?, a yeiio aiia ?nioaaea i?e aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaei?e nenoai?
oi?aae?iiy, ia iiaea caoenoeoe i? ?ioa?ane aea?aeaae, i? ?ioa?ane
aeanieea. Naia aeanieea, a ia eiainue ?ioiai. Ia nueiaiaei?
ni?aaeanieeii a Oe?a?i? ? a?iiaaeyie — caniiaieee ainiiaea?thth/eo
noa`?eo?a, a?iiaaeyie-aeoe?iia?e, ye? acyee o/anoue o i?eaaoecaoe??
aea?aeaaiiai iaeia, eieaeoeae a?iiaaeyi oa aea?aeaaa. A aeiiii?/iiio
a?aeiioaii? an? oe? aeanieee a?aeae?eai? a?ae nai?o /anoie aeaniino?, ui
ia?aaoaathoue o ??cieo ainiiaea?thth/eo noa`?eoao (aeoe?iia?ieo
oiaa?enoaao, aeia??/eo oiaa?enoaao, eiia?oe?eieo aaieao, ?iaanoeoe?eieo
eiiiai?yo oiui), a ?acoeueoao? /iai ia iiaeooue aieiae?oe ia`?eoeaiith ?
aeinoia??iith ?ioi?iaoe??th i?i aeei?enoaiiy oe??? aeaniino?. Aaeaea
naia aeanieeo iaiao?aeia iiae?aia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i o?iainiaee noai
i?aei?e?inoaa, eiai iioaioe?ae ? noaa?euei?noue o iaeaooiueiio. Aeaniee
ia? ? iiaeiai ciaoe, iane?eueee aoaeoeaii aeei?enoiaothoueny aeeaaeai?
iei o i?aei?e?inoai eiooe. Aea ia eiaeai, ooi cae?enith? oi?aae?iiy
iaeiii ? eiooaie oeeo aeaniee?a, caoe?eaaeaiee iiaeaaaoe ?i aeinoia??io
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ?acoeueoaoe nai?? ae?yeueiino?. Iaeiia? ?ioa?ane an?o
aeaniee?a ia? caoenoeoe aea?aeaaa.

Iaeiae o ?eieiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy o?aaeeoe?ei? oi?ie o?iainiaiai
eiio?ieth ia iiaeooue aeeiioaaoe ooieoe?? caoenoo iaeiiaeo ?ioa?an?a
aeaniee?a. I?aeoeea e?a?i c ?eieiaith aeiiii?eith iieaco?, ui caoenoeoe
iaeiia? ?ioa?ane aeaniee?a iiaea oaeee aeae iacaeaaeiiai o?iainiaiai
eiio?ieth, ye aoaeeo, yeee ? iaeiei c aieiaieo aeaiaio?a ?o ?eieiai?
?io?ano?oeoo?e. Ia?aaeoiiaith oaeiai eiio?ieth ? aca?iia
caoe?eaaeai?noue i?aei?e?inoa a inia? ?o aeaniee?a (aeoe?iia??a,
aeeaaeiee?a oiui), aea?aeaae a inia? iiaeaoeiaeo i?aai?a ? naiiai
aoaeeoi?a a caaacia/aii? aeinoia??iino? iae?eo oa ca?oiino?.

?ioith i?e/eiith iaiao?aeiino? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aoaeeoo a Oe?a?i? ? oa, ui
a ?eieiaeo oiiaao o?iainiaee noai eiaeiiai ainiiaea?thth/iai noa`?eoa
caeaaeeoue a?ae eiai aca?iia?aeiinei c ?ioeie noa`?eoaie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ? oiio c?inoa? iio?aaa o aeinoia??i?e iae?eia?e ?
ca?oi?e ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ?o ae?yeuei?noue. Cie?aia, oaea ?ioi?iaoe?y
iaiao?aeia:

· aeanieeai ainiiaea?thth/eo noa`?eo?a aeey aecia/aiiy no?aoaa?? ?o
?icaeoeo;

· aaieai aeey i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy i?i aeioe?euei?noue iaaeaiiy e?aaeeoo;

· ?iaanoi?ai (i?noeaaei oa ?iicaiiei) i?e aeeaaeaii? nai?o eai?oae?a o
?io? ainiiaea?thth/? noa`?eoe;

· iinoa/aeueieeai aeey iaea?aeaiiy aa?aio?e iiaii? iieaoe ca
a?aeaaioaaeai? oiaa?e, aeeiiai? ?iaioe oa iaaeai? iineoae;

· aeoe?iia?ai aeey eiio?ieth ca ?iaioith aaei?i?no?aoe?? oiaa?enoaa;

· aea?aeaaiei i?aaiai aeey ieaioaaiiy iio?aa iae?iaeiiii?ee oa ioe?iee
iiaeaoeiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei athaeaeaoo oiui.

Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy aeinoia??iino? ca?oii? ? iae?eiai? ?ioi?iaoe??
ainiiaea?thth/eo noa`?eo?a aeieea? iio?aaa o ia?aaoaeia? an??? nenoaie
o?iainiaiai eiio?ieth ia iniia? aea/aiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai
aeina?aeo. O e?a?iao c ?eieiaith aeiiii?eith oaea i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy
cae?eniththoue aoaeeoi?e. I?aeia?iaeiee aeina?ae ?icaeoeo aoaeeoo
na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aoaeeoi?nueea ia?aa??ea — oea ii?ia, aac yei?
iaiiaeeeaee oeea?e?ciaaiee a?cian. Iniiaia ?? i?ecia/aiiy — oea
iacaeaaeia ia?aa??ea o?iainiai? ca?oiino? oa ?ioi? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueeo ae?yeuei?noue noa`?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy c
iaoith oi?ioaaiiy aeniiae?a noiniaii ?o o?iainiaiai noaio ?
aeinoia??iino? eiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy a aooaaeoa?nueeiio iae?eo oa
ca?oiino? o a?aeiia?aeiino? c /eiiei caeiiiaeaanoaii ? anoaiiaeaieie
ii?iaoeaaie.

Iniiaia iaoa aeaii? eo?niai? ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, uia aena?oeeoe
iniiai? i?eioeeie ? iaoiaee aoaeeoo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? oa ??
?aae?caoe??.

?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio ?icae?e?a, o yeeo iine?aeiaii
?icaeyaea?oueny iaoiaeieia?y aoaeeoo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ?? ?aae?caoe??.

?icae?e 1. Oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe i?aai?caoe?? aoaeeoo.

1.1 Aiae?c iniiaieo iiiyoue ? iaoeiaeo iai?yie?a c aoaeeoo.

Aoaeeo o cao?aei?e oai??? ? i?aeoeoe? i?eeiyoi aaaaeaoe i?ioeanii, ca
aeiiiiiaith yeiai eiiiaoaioiee iacaeaaeiee i?aoe?aiee iaeiie/o? e
ioe?ith? na?ae/aiiy i?i ?ioi?iaoe?th, ui i?aeaea?oueny e?euee?ni?e
ioe?ioe? ? noiniaii? aei niaoeeo?/ii? ainiiaea?nueei? nenoaie, uia
aecia/eoe ? ae?aceoe o nai?io aeniiaeo nooi?iue a?aeiia?aeiino? oe???
?ioi?iaoe?? anoaiiaeaiei e?eoa??yi.

Aoaeeo ia? ae?aaith ?noi??th. Aeoiathoue, ui oaeoe/ii ua a Ae?aaiueiio
?aeio? (aeecueei 2600 ?. aei i.a. ) ?nioaaee /eiiaieee, ui niieo/aee
ooieoe?? iae?eo, ea?oaaiiy ? eiio?ieth.

O ?einuee?e ?iia??? (1 — 26 ?. i.a. ) eiio?ieuei? ooieoe??
cae?enithaaeeny niaoe?aeueieie neoaeaiaoeyie (eo?aoi?e, i?ieo?aoi?e,
eaanoi?e). I?ney iaae?iiy ?einueei? ?iia??? aoaeeo iaea?aeaa oe?iea
iioe?aiiy a ?oae??. Eoioe? Oei?aioe?? ? Aaiaoe?? aeei?enoiaoaaee i?aoeth
aoaeeoi??a aeey ia?aa??ee ieaoini?iiiaeiino? eai?oai?a oi?aiaeo noae?a,
ui aacee aaee/aci? aaaaonoaa ia na?e eiioeiaio. O oeae /an aoaeeo iaa
no?iai oe?eueiaee iai?yiie — caiia?aaiiy iiieeie.

Aaouee?aueia no/aniiai aoaeeoa — Aiae?y. Ienaii? iai’yoee, ui aeacothoue
ia ?nioaaiiy aoaeeoi?noaa a Aiae??, ainoiaeyoue aei 13-14 aa. I?eeiie
aoaeeoa aei oie /an neeaaeaee ia?aaaaeii a aeaoaeuei?e ia?aa??oe?
eiaeii? iia?aoe??, oanooaaiiy /e aea??eiaa ia?aa??ea, ye aoaeeoi?nuee?
i?ioeaaeo?e, aoee iaa?aeii?.

A ?noi??? ?icaeoeo aoaeeoa iiaeia aeae?eeoe e?eueea ia??iae?a:

1. aei 1500 ?.;

2. 1500 — 1830 (1860) ?.;

3. 1830 (1860) — 1905 ?.;

4. 1905 — 1933 ?.;

5. 1933 — 1940 ?.;

6. c 1940 ?. ii iei?oi?e /an.

Ia?oee ia??iae cae?i/oaaany a 1500 ?. Oey aeaoa a?aecia/aia aeia?eueii,
aea aiia iaea?eueoa oi/ii a?aeaeaa? noai «ia?aeiio» o caaaeuei?e
aeiiii?/i?e neooaoe??. Iaei??? c i?e/ei oeueiai c’yaeeiny a?aee?eooy
Aia?eee, ? ye iane?aeie ca?eueoaiiy ianyao oiaa??a, eai?oaeo, ?iai/i?
neee a caaaeueiina?oiaiio ianooaa?. ?ioa i?e/eia — 1494 ?. ii i?aao
aaaaea?oueny aeaoith i?aenoaae iaa/aiiy i?i iiaea?eiee caien (Eoea
Ia/iee?).

1500 — 1830 (1860) ??. Oe?e? ? i?eeiie aoaeeoa ia aoee ci?iai? ?
neeaaeaeeny o aeyaeaii? iiieeie ? ia?aa??oe? /aniino? in?a,
a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ca iiaeaoeia? ieaoaae?. O oeae /an ?noioii
i?aeaeueeiny cia/aiiy aoaeeoa, oiio ui a?aeaoany iiae?e i?ae aeanieeaie
i?aei?e?inoaa: ea?oth/eie e ?iaanoi?aie. Aeoe?iia?ai ia o?eueee aoea
iio??aia aa?aio?y noi?iiiino? eai?oaeo, aea e iaea?aeaiiy aeea?aeaiae?a.
O?eueee aoaeeoi? i?a aeaoe aeniiaie i?i a??i?noue ? ia’?eoeai?noue
ia?aa??aii? o?iainiai? ca?oiino? ? i?i ?iia??i?noue i?iaeiaaeaiiy
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa iaeaeeae/ei /anii. I?eeoei ?icoi?iiy
iaiao?aeiino? ? aaaeeeaino? ?nioaaiiy nenoaie aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth.
I?e/eiith, ii ye?e aeaoith cae?i/aiiy aeaiiai ia??iaeo aoa ia?aiee 1860
?., c’yaeeiny oa, ui E?einueea a?eia aeeeeeaea aecia/ai? ci?ie a
aeiiii?oe? an?o e?a?i, a oea i?eaaei aei ci?ie oe?eae ? i?eeii?a
aoaeeoa.

1860 — 1905 ?. Ia??iae a?ae??ciy?oueny ao?oeeaei aeiiii?/iei ?inoii.
Aaee/aci? ii nai?o ianooaaao oaiaee i?eaaee aei noai?aiiy ei?ii?aoe?e.
Oeae ia??iae a?aecia/aiee iiyaith eiinie?aeiaaiiai aaeaino (1904 ?.).

Ona oea i?aeaeuoaaei ?ieue ? cia/aiiy ?inoeoooo aoaeeoi?noaa. Aoea
aeciaia iaiao?aei?noue aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth. Aea eiio i?eae?eyeany
?ieue i?aaia, ui a?aa o/anoue ia a ia?aa??oe? ? aeyaeaii? iiieeee, a a
noai?aii? ?aeeii? noaiaea?oii? nenoaie iae?eo. Iniiaiee aeoeaio aoa
ni?yiiaaiee ia nenoaio eiio?ieth a?ioiaeo iioie?a. Ine?eueee e iae?eiaa
nenoaia, ? i?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a ia?aoa?i?ee cia/i? ci?ie oa?e
iineeaiiy, oi e aoaeeoi?e iiaee aaea canoiniaoaaoe i?eeiie aea??ee.
Oanooaaiiy noaei aeei?enoiaoaaoeny o?eueee a inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy 19
noie?ooy. A oiiaao oaeaeei?inoo/iai ae?iaieoeoaa aoaeeoi? a?eueoa ia i?a
ia?aa??yoe eiaeio iia?aoe?th aaee/acii? ei?ii?aoe??. Aae aei 1905 ?.
iaiaaeoth/ei oaeoi?ii ianyao oanooaaiiy aoee ci?ie ? iiaiaaaaeaiiy a
nenoai? iae?eo ? aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth. Oe?e? aoaeeoa a oeae /an
neeaaeathoueny o aeyaeaii? ??ciiai ?iaeo iiieeie iaaieniiai oa?aeoa?o.
?noi?e/ii iniiaiei oeaio?ii ?icaeoeo aoaeeoa c’yaeeeny Aaeeeia?eoai?y ?
NOA. O ia?oiio aeanyoee?oo? OO a. aia?eeainueeee aoaeeo noaa ?icaeaaoeny
iacaeaaeii, ine?eueee i?aei?e?ioeyie NOA aoea aeciaia iaiiaeeea?noue
canoinoaaiiy oe?eae ? i?aeoiae?a aiae?enueeiai aoaeeoa aei iniaeeainoae
?oiueiai a?ciano.

Ia?o? ?iaioe c aia?eeainueeiai aoaeeoa oa?aeoa?ecothoue ci?io oe?eae o
oaeee niin?a: aeyaeaiiy ? caiia?aaiiy iaiaaienieo iiieeie. I?ci?oa
oe?eyie aoaeeoa noaee:

· onoaiiaeaiiy o?iainiaiai noaio ? i?eaooeiaino? i?aei?e?inoaa;

· caiia?aaiiy iaaienieo ? iaiaaienieo iiieeie — ae?oai?yaeia iaoa.

A?aeiia?aeii aei ci?ie oe?eae a?aeaoeeny ? cia/i? ci?ie a i?eeiiao.
Niinoa??aa?oueny ia?ao?ae a?ae aeaoaeueii? ia?aa??ee aei oanooaaiiy.
Noaei ynii, ui aeey oiai, uia iaea?aeaoe oaeoe/i? noie, ui
ia?aa??ythoueny a i?ioean? aoaeeoa, iaia? iaiao?aeiino? i?iaiaeeoe
aeaoaeueio ia?aa??eo eiaeii? i?iaiaeee ca aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae.
Iaea?aeo? aeciaiiy aaaeeea?noue aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth. A iioae?eiaaieo
o 1909 ?. «I?ia?aiao aoaeeoa» a?aecia/aii, ui ye ia?oo nooi?iue aoaeeoa
iiaeiia aenooiaoe «onoaiiaeaiiy nenoaie aioo??oiuei? ia?aa??ee».

1933 — 1940 ?.

· ia aoaeeoa aieeaa? Iueth-Ei?enueea oiiaeiaa a??aea e o?yaeia?
i?aai?caoe??;

· ia aoei ?aeeii? aeoiee uiaei oe?eae aoaeeoa.

Ia ii/aoeo oeueiai ia??iaeo a?eueo?noue aaoi??a noiaeeeeny a aeoioe?, ui
caaaeaiiy aoaeeoa iieyaa? o aeyaeaii? iiieeee. I?ci?oa iiaeyaee aoee
?noioii ci?iai?, ? aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui aoaeeoi?o ia ne?ae
eiioeaio?oaaoe naith oaaao o?eueee ia aeyaeaii? iiieeee.

Aae aei 1940 ?. ia ?nioaaei yeeo-iaaoaeue aeieoiaio?a, ui aecia/athoue
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue aoaeeoi??a ca aeyaeaiiy iiieeie. Aoei a?aecia/aii
o?eueee, ui oea aeineoue aaaeeeaa ieoaiiy, aea a?eueo?noue aaoi??a
noiaeeeeny a aeoioe?, ui eiai ia iiaeia a?aeiineoe aei aieiaii? caaea/?
aoaeeoi?nueei? ia?aa??ee.

C 1940 ?ieo aeioaia? oe?e? aoaeeoa ia?aoa?i?ee iacia/i? ci?ie. Aeoeaio
?iaeany ia i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy a??iino? o?iainiai? ca?oiino?. Io?oe?eii oea
iieiaeaiiy aoei i?iaieioaii a aeieoiaioao «Aia?eeainueeiai ?inoeoooo
I?enyaeieo Aooiae?eo»: «ia?oa iaoa ia?aa??ee ca?oiino? iacaeaaeiei
aoaeeoi?ii neeaaea?oueny o ae?aaeaii? aeoiee i?i i?aaenoaaeaio o?iainiao
ca?oi?noue».

*anoeia ciiao ?ic?iaeaieo i?eeii?a aoaeeoa iaea no?iao i???ioaoe?th ia
aeyaeai? iiieeee. O 1961 ?. o «Iieiaeaii? i?i aoaeeoi?nuee? i?ioeaaeo?e
?30» aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui aoaeeoi? aecia/a? iiieeeo, ? o aeiaaeeo, yeui
aiia iaoa??aeueia, iiaea aieeiooe ia eiai aeoieo i?i a??i?noue
i?aaenoaaeaii? o?iainiai? ca?oiino? ? i?iaaaeaii? ia?aa??ee a?aeiia?aeii
aei caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo aoaeeoi?nueeeo noaiaea?o?a, a?i iiaeiiee ioe?ieoe
nooi?iue ?? ?iia??iino?.

?ioa oi/ea ci?o ia oe?e? aoaeeoa iieyaathoue a oiio, ui caaea/a
iacaeaaeiiai ?icaeyaeo neeaaea?oueny o ae?aaeaii? aeoiee i?i
?ioi?iaoe?th, ui aeeth/a?oueny o o?iainia? ca?oe. Ui noino?oueny
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? aoaeeoi?a, oi aiia neeaaea?oueny eeoa a i?iaaaeaii?
oano?a, a?aeiia?aeii aei caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo aoaeeoi?nueeeo noaiaea?o?a,
?ic?iaeaieie oaeei /eiii, uia ciaeoe naio iiaeeea?noue aecia/aiiy ?iaeo
iaa?aeiia?aeiinoae, oiaoi aoaeeoi? ia a?aeiia?aea? ca iaaeyaeai?
iiieeee, aea c eiai ia iiaeiia ci?iaoeny a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca
ia?aa??eo «aocueeiai i?noey» o i?ioean? aoaeeoa.

Aei e?ioey 40-o ?ie?a aoaeeo a iniiaiiio iieyaaa o ia?aa??oe?
aeieoiaioaoe??, i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy caieno a?ioiai? iia?aoe?? ?
i?aaeeueiiio oa?oiiaaiith oeeo iia?aoe?e o o?iainiaeo ca?oao. Oea aoa
i?aeoaa?aeaeoth/ee aoaeeo.

I?ney 1949 ?. iacaeaaei? aoaeeoi?e noaee a?eueoa oaaae i?eae?eyoe
ieoaiiyi aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth, aeoiath/e, ui i?e aoaeoeai?e nenoai?
aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth ?iia??i?noue iiieeie iacia/ia, ? o?iainia? aeai?
aeineoue iiai? ? oi/i?. Aoaeeoi?nuee? o??ie ii/aee caeiaoeny a?eueoa
eiinoeueoaoe?eiith ae?yeuei?noth, /ei aaciina?aaeiuei ia?aa??eaie. Oea
nenoaiii-i???ioiaaiee aoaeeo.

Ia ii/aoeo 70-o ??. ii/aeany ?ic?iaea i?aeia?iaeieo aoaeeoi?nueeeo
noaiaea?o?a. A ?noi??? aoaeeoa iiaeia i?inoaaeeoe aecia/ai? oaiaeaioe??:

O iniiaiith iaoith aoaeeoa caaaeaee aeciaaaeiny onoaiiaeaiiy
a??ia?aeiino? i?aaenoaaeaii? ca?oiino?;

O a?aecia/a?oueny c?inoaiiy iaae?eiino? aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth ?
cieaeaiiy aeaoae?caoe?? oe?eae.

1.2 ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee aoaeeoo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??.

Iaoiaeeea ? aaaeeeaei ?ino?oiaioii ?iaioe aoaeeoi?a. Ia?aae i?iaaaeaiiyi
aoaeeoi?nueei? ia?aa??ee iaiao?aeii neeanoe ia ?yaeo c ieaiii aoaeeoo
iaoiaeeeo i?iaaaeaiiy iaeaooiuei? ia?aa??ee a ye?e iathoue aooe
aecia/ai? an? eiio?ieuei? oi/ee i?ioeano aoaeeoo.

Iaoiaeeea aoaeeoo aeioneo ? ?aae?caoe?? aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??

Neeaaeia? iaoiaeeee aoaeeoi?nueei? ia?aa??eeEiio?ieuei? oi/ee
aoaeeooNia?aa?o?noue ?aae?caoe??Eiia?oe?ei? aeo?aoeIanya aeiouaii?
i?iaeoeoe??Ianya ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe??Ae?o/ea a?ae
?aae?caoe??A12345Oe?eue aoaeeoaIa?aa??ea a??ia?aeiino? ? ?aaeueiino?
c?iaeaieo aeo?ao, aeioe?eueiino? ?oiueiai nienaiiy a?aeiia?aeii aei
iaoiaeo iae?eo aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoaiIa?aa??ea a??ia?aeiino? ?
?aaeueiino? c?iaeaieo aeo?aoIa?aa??ea a??ia?aeiino? ianyao aeiouaii?
i?iaeoeoe?? ? iiaiioe ?? ii?eaooeoaaiiy ia neeaae aeey ioe?iee ?aaeueieo
caian?a ? i?iaiic?a oi?ioaaiiy o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoao?aIa?aa??ea
a??ia?aeiino? ? iiaiioe aeeth/aiiy aeaieo a ianya ?aae?ciaaii?
i?iaeoeoe?? aeey oi?ioaaiiy o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoao?a a?aeiia?aeii aei
iaoiaeo ?oiueiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy ia ?aooieao aooaaeoa?nueeiai
iae?eoIa?aa??ee a??ia?aeiino? ? iiaiioe a?aeia?aaeaiiy cania?a ia
?aooieao aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo, io?eiaieo a?ae ?aae?caoe?? o
aecia/aiee ia??iae /ano?ioi?iaoe?e

ia aacaAiniiaea?nuee? iia?aoe?? ii ?aooieao , a?oie?iai/i? a?aeiiino?
aeaieo, ia?oeiiieo ianii?o?a, caeoi?aaeuei? aeoe ia ne?iaeio, ieaiia?
eaeueeoeyoe?? ii aeaeao i?iaeoeoe??, ea?oee aiae?oe/iiai iae?eo
ae?iaieoeoa, a?aeiiino? ?iciiae?eo; Aieiaia eieaa.Aeoe i?eeiaiiy
ne?iaeie, ia?oeiii? ianii?oe, iaeeaaei? i?i ia?aaea/o aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe?? c ae?iaieoeoaa ia neeaae, aeoe ?iaaioa?ecaoe?? caeeoe?a
aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??, iaoa??aeuei? ca?oe, Ainiiaea?nuee? iia?aoe?? ii
?aooieao, iaeiie/oaaeuei? a?aeiiino?, aeaeaoeia? iaeeaaei? neeaaeo
aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ? a?aeae?eo ia?eaoeiao, oiaa?ii-o?ainii?oi?
iaeeaaei?, i?iione ia aea?c i?iaeoeoe??, iaoa??aeuei? ca?oe i?i ?oo
i?iaeoeoe?? a ?ic??c? ani?oeiaioo, ea?oee neeaaenueeiai iae?eo
Ainiiaea?nuee? iia?aoe?? ii ?aooieao, i?eaooeia? eania? i?aea?e,
ieao?aei? aeiiae-aei?o/aiiy, aaenae?, aeo?iaee-i?aea?e, Aieiaia eieaa

Iai?yiee aoaeeoaI?aeoaa?aeaeoth/ee iiaeaoeiaee,
caianieeI?aeoaa?aeaeoth/ee iiaeaoeiaeeCaianieeI?aeoaa?aeaeoth/ee
iiaeaoeiaee, caianieeI?aeoaa?aeaeoth/ee iiaeaoeiaeeI?eeiie ?
i?ioeaaeo?eAeieoiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy, ?ic?aooieia?, ii??aiyiiy, c?noaaeaiiy, eiio?ieuei? aei??e,
aaoiiaoeciaai?Aeieoiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?aooieia?,
aiae?oe/i?, aaoiiaoeciaa

i?Aeieoiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?aooieia?, aiae?oe/i?,
aaoiiaoeciaai?Aeieoiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?aooieia?,
aiae?oe/i?, aaoiiaoeciaai?Aeieoiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?ic?aooieia?, aiae?oe/i?, aaoiiaoeciaai?Iiaeeea? ii?ooaiiyCaeai nienai?
aeo?aoe, ii?ooaiiy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa a /anoei?
a?aeianaiiy aeo?ao ia ?aooiee aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo, canoinoaaiiy ii?i
aeo?ao ia ia??oioiaaiaCaeai nienai? aeo?aoe, ii?ooaiiy
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa a /anoei? a?aeianaiiy aeo?ao ia
?aooiee aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo, canoinoaaiiy ii?i aeo?ao ia
ia??oioiaaiaIanai?/ania ii?eaooeoaaiiy aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??I?eoiaaiiy
/anoeie ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe??, iai?aaeeueia a?aeia?aaeaiiy ia
?aooieao oiaa?iiai?iieo iia?aoe?eI?eoiaaiiy /anoeie aeoi?aoI?eeiyooy
??oaiue aoaeeoi?aA?aeaeoi o aeniiaeo aoaeeoi?a, ?ic?aooiee i?eeeaaeai?
aei ?iai/eo aeieoiaio?a?icae?e 2. Aoaeeo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ia
i?aeaioia/iio aoai? ia?aa??ee.

2.1 Ii?yaeie oeeaaeaiiy aeiaiai?o ia i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeeoo.

Caeiiii Oe?a?ie “I?i aoaeeoi?nueeo ae?yeuei?noue” aecia/aii, ui aoaeeo
i?iaiaeeoueny ia i?aenoaa? oaiaee i?ae aoaeeoi?nueeith o??iith
(aoaeeoi?ii) ? caiiaieeii. Iacaeaaei?noue ia oeueiio aoai? aeyaey?oueny
o aeai?? caiiaieea. I?ioa a i?aeia?iaeieo noaiaea?oao iaia`yceiai
aeaco?oueny ia iaiao?aei?noue ioe?iee on?o aniaeo?a iacaeaaeiino? i?ae
/an oeeaaeaiiy oaei? oaiaee, oiio ui aoaeeoi?nueea o??ia aoaea ianoe
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ii?ooaiiy aeiia aei iacaeaaeiino? ? ?acoeueoaoe
aoaeeoo aeciathoueny iaae?enieie.

?iciiae?e a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca ioe?ieo ca?oiino? i?ae aoaeeoi?ii oa
caiiaieeii ??oioo?oueny ia Iieiaeaii? i?i i?aai?caoe?th aooaaeoa?nueeiai
iae?eo ? ca?oiino? a Oe?a?i? oa noaoo? 11 Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i
aoaeeoi?nueeo ae?yeuei?noue”. Caeii oaeiae ia?aaeaa/a? i?aai aoaeeoi?a
(aoaeeoi?nueeeo o??i) ia caeo/aiiy aei o/ano? o ia?aa??oe? ia
aeiaia??ieo canaaeao oao?aoe?a ??ciiai i?io?eth. I?ioa ieoaiiy
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca ?iaioo ?ioeo aoaeeoi??a oa aenia?o?a caeeoeeinue
iaae??oaiei i? /eiiei caeiiiaeaanoaii, i? caoaa?aeaeaieie ii?iaoeaaie.
sse i?aaeei, ia oea iaia`yceiai caa?oathoue oaaao a aoaeeoi?nueeiio
aeniiaeo, a a Ii?iaoea? ?13 oae? neooaoe?? ia ?icaeyaeathoueny.

Aca?iiae?y i?aai?caoe??-ee??ioa c aoaeeoi?nueeith o??iith iiaeiia
ii/eiaoeny c iai?aaeaiiy ia ?? aae?ano eenoa-i?iiiceoe??, o yeiio
aeeeaaeathoueny iaoa aoaeeoi?nueei? ia?aa??ee ? ia?ae?e aaaeaieo
aoaeeoi?nueeeo iineoa. Aei oeeaaeaiiy aeiaiai?o iaiao?aeii iaoe
iaeneiaeueii iiaio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ee??ioa ? eiai aeiiii?/io
ae?yeuei?noue. Oeueiio ni?ey? iaea?aeaiiy a?aeiia?aeae ia ieoaiiy,
ia?a?aoiaai? a ?ioi?iaoe?ei?e aieao?. I?ney ooaaeaiiy ??oaiiy i?i
oeeaaeaiiy aeiaiai?o aoaeeoi?nueea o??ia iai?aaey? ia aae?ano ee??ioa
eeno-ciaia’ycaiiy aoaeeoi?nueei? i?aai?caoe?? i?i caiaeo ia i?iaaaeaiiy
aoaeeoa. Aeiaeaoeii aei aeiaiai?o ? ia?ae?e noiooi?o aoaeeoo iineoa.

2.2 Aea/aiiy nenoaie aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth oa nenoaie iae?eo.

Anoaiiaeaiiy nooiaiy ?eceeo.

O i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee caaaeueiiai ieaio ? i?ia?aie aoaeeoa
aoaeeoi?nueea i?aai?caoe?y ioe?ith? aoaeoeai?noue nenoaie aioo??oiueiai
eiio?ieth, ui ae?? a aeiiii?/iiai noa’?eoa, ? ?iaeoue ioe?ieo ?eceeo
nenoaie aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth (eiio?ieueiiai ?eceeo). Nenoaia
aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth iiaea aaaaeaoeny aoaeoeaii?, yeui aiia a/anii
iiia?aaeaea? i?i aeieeiaiiy iaaeinoia??ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, a oaeiae aeyaey?
iaaeinoia??io ?ioi?iaoe?th. Ioe?ithth/e aoaeoeai?noue nenoaie
aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth, aoaeeoi?nueea i?aai?caoe?y iiaeiia c?a?aoe
aeinoaoith e?euee?noue aoaeeoi?nueeeo aeieac?a. sseui aoaeeoi?nueea
i?aai?caoe?y ae??oo? iieeanoeny ia nenoaio aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth ?
nenoaio aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo aeey iaea?aeaiiy aeinoaoiueiai nooiaiy
aiaaiaiino? o a??ia?aeiino? aooaaeoa?nueei? ca?oiino?, aiia iiaeiia
a?aeiia?aeiei /eiii nei?aaoaaoe ianya iaeaooiueiai aoaeeoa.

I?e i?aeaioiaoe? caaaeueiiai ieaio ? i?ia?aie aoaeeoa aoaeeoi?nueei?
i?aai?caoe?? aa?oi onoaiiaeoe i?eeiyoi? aeey ia? ??aaiue ?noioiino? e
aoaeeoi?nueeee ?ecee, ui aeicaieythoue aaaaeaoe aooaaeoa?nueeo
ca?oi?noue aeinoia??ii?. Ieaioth/e aoaeeoi?nueeee ?ecee, aoaeeoi?nueea
i?aai?caoe?y aecia/a? aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeee ?ecee aooaaeoa?nueei?
ca?oiino? ? ?ecee eiio?ieth, ui i?eoaiaii? oe?e ca?oiino? iacaeaaeii
a?ae aoaeeoa aeiiii?/iiai noa’?eoa. Ca aeiiiiiaith anoaiiaeaieo ?ecee?a
? ??aiy ?noioiino? aoaeeoi?nueea i?aai?caoe?y aeyaey? cia/ei? aeey
aoaeeoa iaeano? ? ieaio? iaiao?aei? aoaeeoi?nuee? i?ioeaaeo?e. O
i?ioean? aoaeeoa iiaeooue aeieeiooe ianoaaeie, ui aieeaathoue ia ci?io
aoaeeoi?nueeiai ?eceeo ? ??aiy ?noioiino?, onoaiiaeai? i?e ieaioaaii?.

I?iaaaeaiiy aoaeeoo caaaeaee noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny a?aeiia?aeiei ?eceeii.
Aoaeeoi? iiaeiai /?oei nia? oynieoe, a /iio iieyaa? aoaeeoi?nueeee
?ecee, eiai nooue, neeaaeia? /anoeie, ye eiai aecia/eoe ? eiai
iaeneiaeueii aeiionoeiee ??aaiue. A?ae iueiai caeaaeeoue ??oaiiy a
iiaiaeaeai? aoaeeoi?a ia i?iaaaeaiiy ia?aa??ee o?iainiai? ca?oiino? aai
a?aeiiao a?ae ia?, neeaaeaiiy ieaio ia?aa??ee, oa?i?ie, aea?? iai?yi?a,
i?aeoiae?a iaoiae?a ? i?eeii?a aoaeeoi?nueei? ia?aa??ee. Aeey oiai, uia
ona?aeiieoe ? ioe?ieoe cia/aiiy aecia/aiiy aoaeeoi?nueeiai ?eceeo aeey
aeeiiaiiy iei nai?o i?ioan?eieo iaia’yce?a c iaeiaioith a??ia?aei?noth
aeiiouaiiy iiieeie aai iaoi/iinoae a ?iaio?, caaacia/aiiy iaea?eueoi?
aoaeoeaiino? ia?aa??ee. Aoaeeoi?nueeee ?ecee aeeth/a?:

O aeaniee ?ecee;

O ?ecee eiio?ieth;

O ?ecee aeyaeaiiy.

Aoaeeoi?nueeee ?ecee — oea ?ecee oeaiiai aeniiaeo i?ney caaa?oaiiy on?o
aoaeeoi?nueeeo i?ioeaaeo?.

Aeaniee ?ecee — i?aaenoaaey? niaith an? iiaeeea? ?eceee, iia’ycai? c
ooieoe?iioaaiiyi i?aei?e?inoaa, oiaoi an? iiieeee, iaoi/iino?, ye?
iiaeooue aooe aeiiouai? a ?acoeueoao? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa.

?ecee aeieeiaiiy oaeeo iiieeie iia’ycaiee c ae??th ??cieo oaeoi??a, ye
ciai?oi?o, oae ? aioo??oi?o, ui aaciina?aaeiuei i?yii ia iia’ycai? c
i?aei?e?inoaii-ee??ioii (?ioi?iaoe?y, eiieo?aioe?y, aac?ia?ooy), a
oaeiae ianooiieo ianoaaei:

v ?eieii caooo i?iaeoeoe??;

v caaaeueiith i?aai?caoe??th ? no?oeoo?ith i?aei?e?inoaa;

v iie?oeeith oi?aae?iiy ? ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

v eaae?iaith, iie?oeeith ? ooaoaie;

v eaae?o?eaoe??th ?ia?oiee?a ? aeeiiaiiy ieie nai?o iaia’yce?a.

Oeae ?ecee ioe?ith?oueny aoaeeoi?ii ua ia ii/aoeia?e i?aeaioia/?e
noaae?? aoaeeoo, eiee a?i ciaeiieoueny c ae?yeuei?noth i?aei?e?inoaa,
oiiaaie eiai ?iaioe, no?oeoo?ith ? i?aai?caoe??th oi?aae?iiy ? ?ioeie
ieoaiiyie.

?ecee eiio?ieth i?aaenoaaey? niaith iiaithaaiiy oiai, ui iaaeinoia??ia
?ioi?iaoe?y, yea iiaea aeieeiooe ? aooe nooo?aith ie?aii aai ?acii c
?ioith iaaeinoia??iith ?ioi?iaoe??th, ia aoaea aeyaeaia aai nai?/anii
iiia?aaeaeaia nenoaiith aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth, ?nio? ?ecee, ui iiieeee
ia aaeanoueny iiia?aaeeoe nai?/anii ? aiie ana oaee aoaeooue aeiiouai?,
aai ia aoaeooue aeyaeai? i?ney aeieeiaiiy. Aoaeeoi? iaei ui iiaea
c?iaeoe, uia aei?aaeoe oaeo neooaoe?th a ei?ioeee oa?i?i, aea a?i
iiaeiai ?? ioe?ieoe, uia i?aaeeueii nieaioaaoe aoaeeoi?nueeo ia?aa??eo.
Oiio aoaeeoi?e i?e aecia/aii? aaee/eie ?eceeo eiio?ieth ioe?iththoue
iaae?ei?noue, aoaeoeai?noue ? ae??a?noue nenoaie aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo
? aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth i?aei?e?inoaa-ee??ioa.

?ecee nenoaie aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo iieyaa? a oiio, ui iiaeeeai
aoaeooue aeiiouai? iiieeee ? iaiai a ?acoeueoao? aeieoiaiooaaiiy
ainiiaea?nueeeo iia?aoe?e, iai?aaeeueiiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?o a ?aa?no?ao
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo ? neeaaeaiiy o?iainiai? ca?oiino? (ci?ia
caeiiiaeaanoaa, ?ino?oeoe?e, iieiaeaiue).

?ecee aeyaeaiiy icia/a?, ui nooo?a? iiieeee iiaeooue caeeoaoeny ia
aeyaeaieie a oiae? aoaeeoi?nueei? ia?aa??ee. ?ioeie neiaaie ?ecee
aeyaeaiiy — oea oa aeiey iioeaie a i?iaaaeaii? aoaeeoi?nueei? ia?aa??ee,
yeo aoaeeoi? iiaea nia? aeicaieeoe i?e ae?th/?e ia i?aei?e?inoa? ee??ioa
nenoai? iae?eo ? aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth i?e aeio?eiaii? oiia yeino?
i?iaaaeaiiy ?ia?o ? a?aeiia?aeiino? ?o anoaiiaeaiei aoaeeoi?ii
ii?iaoeaai. Ia a?aei?io a?ae iiia?aaei?o aeaiee ?ecee ? ?acoeueoaoii
i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeeoo oiio ca iueiai aoaeeoi? iana a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue,
oiaoi ?ecee aeyaeaiiy aecia/a? nooi?iue yeino?, ??aiy eiai ae?yeueiino?.
Oaeei /eiii aoaeeoi? iiaeiai c?iaeoe ana iiaeeeaa, uia caanoe oeae ?ecee
aei i?i?ioio (aaeeea e?euee?noue aoaeeoi?nueeeo i?ioeaaeo?, i?aaeeueiee
aea?? niiniao iaea?aeaiiy aoaeeoi?nueeeo na?ae/aiue.

Ioaea, aoaeeoi? iiaeiai aeieoiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeeoe aecia/aiiy
aoaeeoi?nueeiai ?eceeo. *anoi aeaniee ?ecee ? ?ecee eiio?ieth
ioe?ith?oueny eiia?iiaaii, a noeoiiino?. Aeey oeueiai aoaeeoi?o
iaiao?aeii i?iaiae?coaaoe iiaeeea? oeiia? iiieeee ? ii?ooaiiy, ye?
iiaeooue aeieeiooe; anoaiiaeoe iayai?noue ? a?aenooi?noue i?ioeaaeo?
eiio?ieth ca aaaeaiiyi aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo ? ca?oiino?, ioe?ieoe
aieea iaaeie?e?a oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii-ee??ioii oa ?ecee aeyaeaiiy,
a oaeiae ia’?i ? oa?i?ie aoaeeoo.

?ecee aeyaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny ?c ?eceeo aiae?oe/iiai iaeyaeo ? ?eceeo
oanoiaiai eiio?ieth.

2.3 I?aeaioiaea ieaio ? i?ia?aie ia?aa??ee.

Aoaeeoi? iiaeiiee ?aoaeueii ieaioaaoe naith ae?yeuei?noue ii o?ueio
iniiaieo i?e/eiao: oea aea? aoaeeoi?o iiaeeea?noue iaea?aeaoe aeinoaoith
e?euee?noue na?ae/aiue i?i iieiaeaiiy ni?aa ee??ioa, aeiiiiiaea
oaea?aeaoe a ?icoiieo iaaeao aeo?aoe ia aoaeeoa ? aeicaieeoue oieeiooe
iaii?icoi?iue ?c ee??ioii.

Caaea/? ieaioaaiiy aoaeeoa:

· anoaiiaeaiiy aoai?a ? oa?i?i?a ?iaioe c ee??ioii;

· aecia/aiiy aeo?ao;

· ?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/iai /ano oao?aoey;

· i?aeaioiaea aaeaeaaoii? ?iai/i? a?oie oao?aoe?a aeey ?iaioe c
ee??ioii;

· aecia/aiiy ?icae?e?a aoaeeoa, ui iathoue iaea?eueoa cia/aiiy aeey
oi?ioaaiiy aoaeeoi?nueei? aeoiee;

· noai?aiiy oiia aeey cae?eniaiiy iine?aeiaiiai eiio?ieth ca aoaeeoii;

· caaacia/aiiy aca?iiae?e c aooaaeoa???th aoaeeoi?nueei? o??ie c ieoaiue
o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy.

Ieaioaaiiy aoaeeoa neeaaea?oueny c 6 iniiaieo aoai?a:

1. Iiia?aaei? ieaioaaiiy.

2. Ca?? caaaeueii? ?ioi?iaoe??.

3. Ca?? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i i?aaia? iaia’ycee ee??ioa.

4. Ioe?iea ?noioiino? aoaeeoi?nueeiai ?eceeo.

5. Iciaeiieaiiy ?c nenoaiith aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeiai eiio?ieth e
ioe?iea ?eceeo eiio?ieth.

6. ?ic?iaea caaaeueiiai ieaio aoaeeoa ? i?ia?aie aoaeeoa.

Iiia?aaei? ieaioaaiiy cae?enith?oueny ia ii/aoeia?e oac? aoaeeoi?nueei?
?iaioe; i?noeoue o nia? ooaaeaiiy ??oaiiy i?i caiaeo ii/aoe /e
i?iaeiaaeaiiy aoaeeoa aeey ee??ioa, onoaiiaeaiiy i?e/ei, ii yeeo ee??io
ia??oioiao? nai? caiiaeaiiy ia aoaeeoa, i?aeai? ia?niiaeo aeey aeeiiaiiy
aoaeeoi?nueeeo iaia’yce?a (oi?ioaaiiy ooao?a), oeeaaeaiiy aeiaiai?o c
ee??ioii, neeaaeaiiy ienueiiaiai ciaia’ycaiiy ia?aae ee??ioii.

Ca?? caaaeueii? ?ioi?iaoe?? — caaaeueia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i i?aei?e?inoai,
iaiao?aeia a?ae oiai, uia iaaeae? c?iaeoe ia??oioiaaiee aeniiaie i?i
a??ia?aei?noue ca?oiino?. Iniiaieie aeaea?aeaie ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
i?aei?e?inoai ?:

· iaaiai?aiiy c i?aoe?aieeaie ea?oaaiiy, cono??/? c aeuei ea??aieoeoaii
? aeeiiaa/ei ia?niiaeii, iaca’ycaiei c aaaeaiiyi iae?eo, ui aeicaieeoue
iaea?aeaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th «c ia?oeo ?oe»;

· a?aea?aeoaaiiy e iaeyae iniiaieo ae?eyiie, ae?iaie/eo iaeeieoeue,
neeaae?a, ui iaaeathoue iiaeeea?noue ia?aeiiaoeny a iayaiino? ?
caa?aaeaii? aeoea?a, neeanoe oyaeaiiy i?i oiiae ae?iaieoeoaa;

· ciai?oi? ? aioo??oi? ca?oe ? ioae?eaoe??. Ciai?oi?: ae?eiaa i?ana,
aacaoe, aiae?oe/i? ca?oe ii aaeocyo, ii??aiyiiy c iniiaieie eiieo?aioaie
? na?aaeiueiaaeocaa? iieacieee, aea?aeaaia iiaeaoeiaa caeiiiaeaanoai.
Aioo??oi?: o?iainia? ca?oe, noai o?iain?a i?aei?e?inoaa, i?ioieiee,
can?aeaiiy ?aaee aee?aeoi??a, i?aae?iiy, aeoe?iia??a, aioo??oi? ca?oe
aoaeeoi??a ? eiinoeueoaio?a.

Aa?oi iciaeiieoeny c ?noi???th ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa, aeaeaie
ae?yeueiino?, oiaoi aaaeeeai iaoe i?aaenoaaeaiiy i?i aaeocue ee??ioa.
Aaaeeeai iaea?aeaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i iie?oeeo i?aei?e?inoaa a ??cieo
iaeanoyo (e?aaeeoia iie?oeea, iae?eiaa iie?oeea), aeia?aeaoeny nooi?iue
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ? i?aa ea??aiee?a ??cieo ??ai?a, aecia/eoe eiei
in?a, ui iathoue i?aai ci?ithaaoe iie?oeeo i?aei?e?inoaa. Ia iniia?
io?eiaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aoaeeoi? iiaeiiee ae??oeoe ieoaiiy i?i
iaiao?aei?noue caeo/aiiy aeey eiinoeueoaoe?e ie?aieo oao?aoe?a
(th?eno?a, iiaeaoe?aoe?a).

Ca?? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i i?aaia? iaia’ycee ee??ioa. ?c naiiai ii/aoeo ?iaioe
aoaeeoi?o aa?oi iciaeiieoeny c th?eaee/ieie aeieoiaioaie ee??ioa:
Noaoooii, aeieoiaioaie ?a?no?aoe??, i?ioieieaie can?aeaiue ?aaee
aee?aeoi??a ? cai??a aeoe?iia??a, o yeeo iiaea i?noeoeny ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i
?iciiae?e io?eiaiiai i?eaooeo, iaieioaiiy aeea?aeaiae?a, aeieaoa
aeiaai?iae, i?aeienaiiy eiio?aeo?a ? oaiae, ??oaiiy i?i o/anoue a ?ioeo
i?aei?e?inoaao, i?i i?eaeaaiiy aeaniino?, iaaeaii? aeiaaino?ieiaeo
iicee.

Ioe?iea ?noioiino? aoaeeoi?nueeiai ?eceeo. ?noioi?noue ? ?ecee aeoaea
aaaeeeai a?aoiaoaaoe i?e ieaioaaii? aoaeeoa. I?ae ?noioi?noth
(iaoa??aeuei?noth) a aoaeeo? ?icoi?thoue a?aie/ii i?eionoeiee ??aaiue
iiaeeeaiai ia?ae?o/oaaiiy ie?aii? noaoo? /e o?iainiaiai iieacieea a
ca?oiino?, o?iainiaeo ?aca?a?a o oe?eiio /e iaeneiaeueii i?eionoeiee
?ici?? iiieeeiaino? noie, ui iiaea aooe iieacaia a ioae?eaoe?yo
o?iainiaeo ca?o?a ? ?icaeyae? ye ianooo?aa, oiaoi ia aaiaeeoue
ei?enooaa/?a a iiaio. Aeey ioe?iee ?noioiino? aoaeeoi? iiaeiiee iaoe
i?aaenoaaeaiiy i?i iiaeeeaeo ei?enooaa/?a ?ioi?iaoe?? ? i?i iiaeeea?
??oaiiy, ui iiaeooue i?eeiaoeny ia eiai iniia? aeey oiai, uia aecia/eoe
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iai?aaeeueiino? ca?oo ? i?eeiyooy oeeo ??oaiue.
Noaeaeaiiy aoaeeoi?a i?i nooi?iue ?noioiino? aeineoue noa’?eoeaii ?
aeaaea? a?ae eiai cia/iiai i?ioan?iiae?cio, aeina?aeo ?iaioe, ciaiiy
niaoeeo?ee ae?yeueiino? ee??ioa, iniaeeainoae aeiiii?/iiai ?
nioe?aeueiiai na?aaeiaeua. Ia ii/aoeo ia?aa??ee aoaeeoi? iiaeiiee
ae??oeoe (ia iniia? aioo??o??iiaeo noaiaea?o?a), yeo caaaeueio noio
iiieeee iiaeia aaaaeaoe ?noioii?. ?nio? ?yae oaeoi??a, a?ae yeeo
caeaaeeoue iiia?aaeiuei anoaiiaethaaiee ??aaiue ?noioiino?:

· ?ici?? i?aei?e?inoaa;

· aaee/eia /enoiai i?eaooeo aei iiiaeaoeiaoaaiiy;

· aa?o?noue iioi/ieo aeoea?a;

· caaaeueia aa?o?noue aeoea?a;

· ianya iioi/ieo ciaia’ycaiue;

· aaee/eia eai?oaeo.

Caaaeueiee ieai iiaeiiee neoaeeoe ea??aieoeoaii o cae?eniaii? i?ia?aie
aoaeeoa. O i?ioean? aoaeeoa a aoaeeoi?nueei? i?aai?caoe?? iiaeooue
aeieeiooe i?aenoaae aeey ia?aaeyaeo ie?aieo iieiaeaiue caaaeueiiai
ieaio. Aianai? a ieai ci?ie, a oaeiae i?e/eie ci?i aoaeeoi?o aa?oi
aeieeaaeii aeieoiaiooaaoe.

O caaaeueiiio ieai? aoaeeoi?nueea i?aai?caoe?y iiaeiia ia?aaeaa/eoe
oa?i?ie i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeeoa ? neeanoe a?ao?e i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeeoa,
i?aeaioiaee ca?oo (ienueiiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? ea??aieoeoao aeiiii?/iiai
noa’?eoa) ? aoaeeoi?nueeiai aeniiaeo. O i?ioean? ieaioaaiiy aeo?ao /ano
aoaeeoi?o iaiao?aeii a?aooaaoe:

a) ?aaeuei? o?oaeia? cao?aoe;

a) ?ic?aooiie aeo?ao /ano a iiia?aaeiueiio ia??iae? (o aeiaaeeo
i?iaaaeaiiy iiaoi?iiai aoaeeoa) ? eiai ca’ycie c iioi/iei ?ic?aooieii;

a) ??aaiue ?noioiino?;

a) i?iaaaeai? ioe?iee ?ecee?a aoaeeoa.

O caaaeueiiio ieai? aoaeeoi?nueea i?aai?caoe?y aecia/a? niin?a
i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeeoa ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a iiia?aaeiueiai aiae?co,
ioe?iee iaae?eiino? nenoaie aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth, ioe?iee ?ecee?a
aoaeeoa. O aeiaaeeo ??oaiiy i?iaanoe aea??eiaee aoaeeo aoaeeoi? oi?io?
aoaeeoi?nueeo aea??eo a?aeiia?aeii aei i?aaeea (noaiaea?oo)
aoaeeoi?nueei? ae?yeueiino? «Aoaeeoi?nueea aea??ea».

Neeaaeiaith /anoeiith caaaeueiiai ieaio ? iieiaeaiiy ii ieaioaaiith
ea?oaaiiy ? eiio?ieth yeino? aeeiioaaiiai aoaeeoa. O caaaeueiiio ieai?
?aeiiaiaeo?oueny ia?aaeaa/eoe:

a) oi?ioaaiiy aoaeeoi?nueei? a?oie, /enaeuei?noue ? eaae?o?eaoe?th
aoaeeoi??a, caeo/aieo aei i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeeoa;

a) ?iciiae?e aoaeeoi??a a?aeiia?aeii aei ?oi?o i?ioan?eieo yeinoae ?
iinaaeiaeo ??ai?a ii eiie?aoieo ae?eyieao aoaeeoa;

a) ?ino?oeooaaiiy an?o /eai?a eiiaiaee i?i ?oi? iaia’ycee, iciaeiieaiiy
?o c o?iainiai — ainiiaea?nueeith ae?yeuei?noth aeiiii?/iiai noa’?eoa, a
oaeiae c iieiaeaiiyie caaaeueiiai ieaio aoaeeoa;

a) eiio?ieue ea??aieea ca aeeiiaiiyi ieaio ? ye?noth ?iaioe anenoaio?a
aoaeeoi?a, ca aaaeaiiyi ieie ?iai/i? aeieoiaioaoe?? ? iaeaaeiei
ioi?ieaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a aoaeeoa;

ae) ?ic’yniaiiy ea??aieeii aoaeeoi?nueei? a?oie iaoiaee/ieo ieoaiue,
ca’ycaieo ?c i?aeoe/iith ?aae?caoe??th aoaeeoi?nueeeo i?ioeaaeo?;

a) aeieoiaioaeueia ioi?ieaiiy iniaeeai? aeoiee /eaia aoaeeoi?nueei?
a?oie (aeeiiaaoey) i?e aeieeiaii? ?ica?aeiinoae a ioe?ioe? oiai /e
?ioiai oaeoo i?ae ea??aieeii aoaeeoi?nueei? a?oie ? ?? ?yaeiaei /eaiii.

Aoaeeoi?nueea i?aai?caoe?y aecia/a? a caaaeueiiio ieai? ?ieue
aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoa, a oaeiae iaiao?aei?noue caeo/aiiy aenia?o?a o
i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeeoa.

I?ia?aia aoaeeoa ? ?icaeoeii caaaeueiiai ieaio aoaeeoa ? yaey? niaith
aeaoaeueiee ia?ae?e ci?noo aoaeeoi?nueeeo i?ioeaaeo?, iaiao?aeieo aeey
i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? ieaio aoaeeoa. I?ia?aia neoaeeoue aeieeaaeiith
?ino?oeoe??th anenoaioai aoaeeoi?a e iaeii/anii ? aeey ea??aiee?a
aoaeeoi?nueei? i?aai?caoe?? e aoaeeoi?nueei? a?oie caniaii eiio?ieth
yeino? ?iaioe.

Aoaeeoi?o aa?oi aeieoiaioaeueii ioi?ieoe i?ia?aio aoaeeoa, iicia/eoe
iiia?ii /e eiaeii eiaeio i?iaaaeaio aoaeeoi?nueeo i?ioeaaeo?o, uia
aoaeeoi? o i?ioean? ?iaioe iaa iiaeeea?noue ?iaeoe iineeaiiy ia ieo o
nai?o ?iai/eo aeieoiaioao.

Aoaeeoi?nueeo i?ia?aio aa?oi neeaaeaoe o aeae? i?ia?aie oano?a cania?a
eiio?ieth e o aeae? i?ia?aie aoaeeoi?nueeeo i?ioeaaeo?.

I?ia?aia oano?a cania?a eiio?ieth yaey? niaith ia?ae?e noeoiiino? ae?e,
i?ecia/aieo aeey cai?o ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie
aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth e iae?eo. I?ecia/aiiy oano?a cania?a eiio?ieth a
o?i, ui aiie aeiiiiaaathoue aeyaeoe ?noioi? iaaeie?ee cania?a eiio?ieth
aeiiii?/iiai noa’?eoa.

Aoaeeoi?nuee? i?ioeaaeo?e aeania eaaeo/e i?noyoue o nia? aeaoaeueio
ia?aa??eo a??iino? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a aooaaeoa?nueeiio iae?eo iai?io?a ?
naeueaei ii ?aooieao. I?ia?aia aoaeeoi?nueeeo i?ioeaaeo? yaey? niaith
ia?ae?e ae?e aoaeeoi?a aeey oaeeo aeaoaeueieo eiie?aoieo ia?aa??ie. Aeey
i?ioeaaeo? aoaeeoi?o aa?oi aecia/eoe, ye? naia ?icae?ee aooaaeoa?nueeiai
iae?eo a?i aoaea ia?aa??yoe, ? neeanoe i?ia?aio aoaeeoa ii eiaei?i
?icae?e? aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo.

O caeaaeiino? a?ae ci?i oiia i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeeoa ? ?acoeueoao?a
aoaeeoi?nueeeo i?ioeaaeo? i?ia?aia aoaeeoa iiaea ia?aaeyaeaoeny. I?e/eie
? ?acoeueoaoe ci?i aa?oi aeieoiaiooaaoe.

Aeniiaee aoaeeoi?a ii eiaei?i ?icae?e? aoaeeoi?nueei? i?ia?aie,
aeieoiaioaeueii a?aeaeo? a ?iai/eo aeieoiaioao, ? oaeoe/iei iaoa??aeii
aeey neeaaeaiiy aoaeeoi?nueeiai ca?oo (ienueiiai? ?ioi?iaoe??
ea??aieoeoao aeiiii?/iiai noa’?eoa) ? aoaeeoi?nueeiai aeniiaeo, a oaeiae
i?aenoaaith aeey oi?ioaaiiy ia’?eoeaii? aeoiee aoaeeoi?a i?i
aooaaeoa?nueeo ca?oi?noue aeiiii?/iiai noa’?eoa.

Ii cae?i/aii? i?ioeano ieaioaaiiy aoaeeoa caaaeueiee ieai ? i?ia?aia
aoaeeoa iiaeii? aooe ioi?ieai? aeieoiaioaeueii ? caa?ciaai? o
anoaiiaeaiiio ii?yaeeo.

?icae?e 3. Aoaeeo oa iae?e aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? oa ?? ?aae?caoe??

3.1 Iae?e aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? oa ?? ?aae?caoe??.

Aioiaith i?iaeoeoe??th, i?ecia/aiith aeey i?iaeaaeo, aaaaeathoue
cae?i/ai? ia?iaeith ae?iae, ye? i?ieoee aei?iaoaaiiy, i?eeiaiiy ?
a?aeiia?aeathoue oaoi?/iei aeiiaai ? noaiaea?oai.

Iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy a aooaaeoa?nueeiio iae?eo ?ioi?iaoe??
i?i aioiao i?iaeoeoe?th aecia/athoueny I(N)AI 9 “Caiane” oa 16
“Aeo?aoe”.

I?e i?aai?caoe?? iae?eo i?iaeoeoe?? iniiaiei iiiaioii ? aecia/aiiy ??
oa?aeoa?o. Aioiaa i?iaeoeoe?y ca oa?aeoa?ii eeaneo?eo?oueny ianooiiei
/eiii (?en. 7.23).

?en. 1. Eeaneo?eaoe?y aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ca ?? oa?aeoa?ii

I?aei?e?inoaa ae?iaeythoue i?iaeoeoe?th o a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c oeeaaeaieie
aeiaiai?aie, ?ic?iaeaieie ieaiiaeie caaaeaiiyie c ani?oeiaioo,
e?eueeino? ? yeino?. Ea??aiee i?aei?e?inoaa, a ia?oo /a?ao, iiaeiai
i?eae?eyoe oaaao ieoaiiyi ca?eueoaiiy ianyao aeaioiaeaii? i?iaeoeoe??,
?icoe?aiiy ?? ani?oeiaioo ? iie?auaiiy yeino?, aea/ath/e iio?aae ?eieo.

Iniiaieie caaaeyiiyie iae?eo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ia i?aei?e?inoaao a
nenoai? i?aai?caoe?? ?:

O nenoaiaoe/iee eiio?ieue ca aeioneii aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??, noaiii ??
caian?a ? caa?aaeaiiyi ia neeaaeao, ianyaii aeeiiaieo ?ia?o oa iineoa;

O a/aniiio ? i?aaeeueiiio aeieoiaiooaaii? ioi?ieaiiy a?aeaaioaaeaii? ?
a?aeiouaii? i?iaeoeoe?? (?ia?o, iineoa);

O eiio?ieue ca aeeiiaiiyi ieaio aeiaiai??a-iinoaaie ca ianyaii oa
ani?oeiaioii ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe??, i?aai?caoe??th ?ic?aooieo c
iieoioeyie;

O a/aniiio ? aeinoia??iiio aecia/aii? ?acoeueoao?a a?ae ?aae?caoe??
i?iaeoeoe?? (?ia?o, iineoa) oa ?o iae?e.

Aeeiiaiiy oeeo caaea/ caaeaaeeoue a?ae ?eoi?/iino? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa,
i?aaeeueii? i?aai?caoe?? caooo oa neeaaenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, a/aniiai
aeieoiaioaeueiiai ioi?ieaiiy ainiiaea?nueeeo iia?aoe?e.

A aooaaeoa?nueeiio iae?eo aioiaa i?iaeoeoe?y ioe?ith?oueny o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei I(N)AI 9 “Caiane” ca ia?a?niith aa?o?noth, yea
aecia/a?oueny ca?aeii c I(N)AI 16 “Aeo?aoe”.

I(N)AI 16 “Aeo?aoe” aecia/a? aeaa iiiyooy nia?aa?oino? aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe??:

1) nia?aa?o?noue ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe??;

2) ae?iaie/a nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe??.

Aei ae?iaie/i? nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe?? aoiaeyoue ianooii? aeo?aoe
(aeea. ?en.7.24).

?en. 2. Neeaae aeo?ao ae?iaie/i? nia?aa?oino? aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??

Ioe?iea aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? i?e ?? i?iaeaaeo caeaaeeoue a?ae iae?eiai?
iie?oeee i?aei?e?inoaa, a /anoei? ioe?iee caian?a i?e ?o aeaooo?. I?e
oeueiio iiaeooue canoiniaoaaoeny iaoiaee, ia?aaeaa/ai? I(N)AI 9
“Caiane”.

I?e a?aeia?aaeaii? i?iaeaaeo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? a aooaaeoa?nueeiio
iae?eo cacia/athoueny aea? ?? ioe?iee: ioe?iea, ui i?eeiyoa
i?aei?e?inoaii ca?aeii c iae?eiaith iie?oeeith, – ia?a?nia aa?o?nia (ii
aeaaaoo ?aooieo 901 “Nia?aa?o?noue ?aae?caoe?? aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??”), oa
ioe?iea, ui aecia/athoueny ca aeiiiaeai?noth noi??i (ii e?aaeeoo ?aooieo
701 “Aeio?ae a?ae ?aae?caoe?? aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??”).

Nia?aa?o?noue ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? neeaaea?oueny c ianooiieo aeo?ao
(?en. 7.25).

?en. 3. Neeaae nia?aa?oino? ?aae?ciaaii? aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??

Ine?eueee aioiaa i?iaeoeoe?y a aooaaeoa?nueeiio iae?eo a?aeia?aaea?oueny
ca iaeiaioith c aeaio ioe?iie: ia?a?niith aa?o?noth aai /enoith
aa?o?noth ?aae?caoe??, oi aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue a ooe?ioe? aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe??, ii?yaeie i?iaaaeaiiy yei? aiaeia?/iee ooe?ioe? ae?iaie/eo
caian?a.

Aeione i?iaeoeoe?? c ae?iaieoeoaa oa ia?aaea/a ?? ia neeaae
ioi?ieth?oueny iaeeaaeieie, a?aeiiinoyie, i?eeiaeueii-caeaaaeueieie
aeieoiaioaie, aeoaie i?eeiaiiy, a yeeo aeaco?oueny: aeaoa, oeo? oeaoo ?
neeaaeo, iaeiaioaaiiy i?iaeoeoe??, iiiaieeaoo?iee iiia?, iaeeieoe?
aei??o, e?euee?noue, oe?ia ca iaeeieoeth.

A aooaaeoa??? ia i?aenoaa? i?eeiaeueii-caeaaaeueieo aeieoiaio?a
neeaaea?oueny iaeiie/oaaeueia a?aeii?noue aeioneo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??,
aeai? yei? aeei?enoiaothoue aeey eiio?ieth ca aeeiiaiiyi caaaeaiiy ii
ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa ? aeey aooaaeoa?nueeeo caien?a ia ?aooieao
neioaoe/iiai iae?eo.

Aiae?oe/iee iae?e aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ia i?aei?e?inoaao aaaeaoueny ca
i?noeyie ?? caa??aaiiy oa ie?aieie aeaeaie o iaoo?aeueieo,
oiiaii-iaoo?aeueieo ? aa?o?nieo iieacieeao.

Ia neeaae? a iae?eiaeo ?aa?no?ao (ea?oeao, a?aeiiinoyo, naeueaeiaeo
a?aeiiinoyo, iai?ioieo a?aeiiinoyo aai eiec? neeaaenueeiai iae?eo)
aioiaa i?iaeoeoe?y iae?eiao?oueny o e?euee?niiio ae?aaeaii?.

E?euee?niee iae?e aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ca ?? aeaeaie oa i?noeyie
caa??aaiiy iiaea aooe i?aai?ciaaiee aeae?eueeiia niiniaaie:

1) a ni?oiaeo ea?oeao neeaaenueeiai iae?eo, i?e yeiio a aooaaeoa???
neeaaeathoue aai ia?iaeythoue a?oioaaeuei? a?aeiiino? ii?eaooeoaaiiy
i?iaeoeoe?? ca ?? aeaeaie a ?ic??c? i?ae?icae?e?a-ae?iaiee?a oa ca
i?noeyie caa??aaiiy;

2) aacea?oeiaei niiniaii, i?e yeiio ca aeiiiiiaith AII eiaeai aeaiue
neeaaeathoue iai?ioi? a?aeiiino? iae?eo aeioneo i?iaeoeoe?? c
ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?ooo aioiaeo ae?ia?a o ?ic??c? neeaae?a oa ?ioeo i?noeue
caa??aaiiy. Caeeoee aioiaeo ae?ia?a ia??iaee/ii ?iaaioa?ecothoueny.

O ea?oeao aai eieaao neeaaenueeiai iae?eo cae?eniththoueny caiene i?i
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ? a?aeione aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? oa uiaeaiii aeaiaeyoueny
?? caeeoee.

O e?ioe? i?nyoey ca aeaieie aiae?oe/iiai iae?eo aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai
aecia/a?oueny oaeoe/ia nia?aa?o?noue aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??.

Aeey iae?eo aeaioiaeaii? i?iaeoeoe?? ieaiii ?aooie?a ia?aaeaa/aii aeaa
?aooiee – 26 oa 27 (oaae. 7.14).

Oaaeeoey 1

Oa?aeoa?enoeea ?aooie?a 26 “Aioiaa i?iaeoeoe?y” oa 27 “I?iaeoeoe?y
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa”

Iacaa oa oeo?I?ecia/aiiy ?aooieoIi aeaaaoo a?aeia?aaea?ouenyIi e?aaeeoo
a?aeia?aaea?ouenyIae?eia? ?aa?no?eI?noea a ca?oiino?26 “AIOIAA
I?IAeOEOe?ss”Aeey ocaaaeueiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i iayai?noue oa ?oo
i?iaeoeoe??, aeaioiaeaii? i?aei?e?inoaiiIaaeoiaeaeaiiy aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe?? aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa ca ia?a?niith aa?o?nothNoia
a?aeoeeaiue oaeoe/ii? ae?iaie/i? nia?aa?oino? aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe??AEo?iae-i?aea?

? 10Aaeain

(o. ? 1)

?. 13027 “I?IAeOEOe?ss N?EUeNUeEI-AINIIAeA?NUeEIAI I?ECIA*AIIss”Aeey
iae?eo oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i iayai?noue oa ?oo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??Iaaeoiaeaeaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??Aeaoooy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
i?iaeoeoe?? aiane?aeie i?iaeaaeo, aaciieaoii? ia?aaea/?
oiuiAEo?iae-i?aea?

? 11–

Iniiai? iia?aoe?? c ?ooo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? ia ?en.4

Aeo 26 “Aioiaa i?iaeoeoe?y” Eo

?en. 4. Noaia oeiiaeo iia?aoe?e ii ?aooieo 26 “Aioiaa i?iaeoeoe?y”

Iniiai? aooaaeoa?nuee? i?iaiaeee ii iae?eo

aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ? ?? ?aae?caoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? ia ?en.5:

? c/iCi?no iia?aoe??AeaaaoE?aaeeoIiia?aaei? a?aeaaioaaeaiiy:1Io?eiaia
i?iaeoeoe?y c ae?iaieoeoaa ia neeaae26232A?aeaaioaaeaia i?iaeoeoe?y
iieoioeth3617013A?aeia?aaeai IAeA aei iieaoe aei
athaeaeaoo7016414A?aeia?aaeai i?eaooie a?ae i?iaeaaeo7017915Nienaia
nia?aa?o?noue aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??901266Nia?aa?o?noue aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??
nienaia ia o?iainiaee ?acoeueoao7919017Niea/aia a?aeaaioaaeaia
i?iaeoeoe?y iieoioeai311361?aae?caoe?y i?e iiia?aaeiueiio
a?aeaaioaaeaii?:1Iinooieee a?io? a?ae iieoioey
i?iaeoeoe??3116812A?aeia?aaeai IAeA aei iieaoe aei
athaeaeaoo6446413A?aeaaioaaeaia i?iaeoeoe?y iieoioeth6817014Nienaii
iiaeaoeiaa ciaia’ycaiiy7016445A?aeia?aaeai aeio?ae a?ae
?aae?caoe??7017916Nienaia aioiaa i?iaeoeoe?y ca oaeoe/iith
nia?aa?o?noth901267Nia?aa?o?noue aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? nienaia o?iainiaee
?acoeueoao7919018A?aeia?aaeai i?eaooie i?aei?e?inoaa a ii?yaeeo cae?eooy
?aooieo ? 79441791?en.5 Iniiai? aooaaeoa?nuee? i?iaiaeee ii iae?eo
aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ? ?? ?aae?caoe??

3.2 Iaoiaee ia?aa??ee ? eiio?ieuei? i?ioeaaeo?e.

Oa?i?i «iaoiae» icia/a? noeoii?noue i?eeii?a i?aoe? o ye?e-iaaoaeue
iaeano?, niin?a aeinyaiaiiy yei?nue iaoe. ?niothoue ??ci? i?eeiie,
oa?aeoa?i? aeey oao?aoe?a ??cieo iaeanoae ciaiue, yeeie iiaeooue
ei?enoaoeny aoaeeoi?e, canoiniaoth/e ?o o caeaaeiino? a?ae iinoaaeaii?
caaea/?. Ciaiiy niaoeeo?ee ae?yeueiino? aecia/aii? i?aai?caoe?? a
niieo/aii? c i?eeiiaie, ia?aieie i?aaeeueii e o aecia/ai?e
iine?aeiaiino?, aeicaieythoue aoaeeoi?ai a?eueo aoaeoeaii i?iaiaeeoe
ia?aa??ee.

Iaoiaee ia?aa??ee i?eeiyo? i?ae?icae?eyoe ia aea? a?oie: iaoiaee
oaeoe/ii? ia?aa??ee; iaoiaee aeieoiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee. Aei iniiaieo
iaoiae?a oaeoe/ii? ia?aa??ee, yeeie iiaeooue ei?enoaoeny aoaeeoi?e,
aeoiaey/e c i?aaa naiino?eii aecia/aoe oi?ie ? iaoiaee ia?aa??ee,
ea?oth/enue aeiiaaie ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a ? oiia aeiaiai?o c noa’?eoii /e
ci?noo aei?o/aiiy aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a, a?aeiinyoueny:

· iaeyae;

· ianoaaeaiiy;

· ?iaaioa?ecaoe?y;

· eiio?ieueiee caione ne?iaeie ? iaoa??ae?a o ae?iaieoeoai;

· eaai?aoi?iee aiae?c yeino? iaoa??ae?a, oiaa??a, ne?iaeie ? aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe??;

· aenia?oia ioe?iea;

· iieooaaiiy;

· ia?aa??ea ianya?a aeeiiaieo ?ia?o.

Iaeyae. Ca aeiiiiiaith oeueiai iaoiaeo iiaeia c’ynoaaoe, iai?eeeaae,
oiiae caa?aaeaiiy iaeia, aeieoiaio?a; noai ae?iaie/eo, neeaaenueeeo
oi?aiaeo i?ei?uaiue. Iaeyaeo i?aeaeathoue ??ciiiai?oi? ia’?eoe:
oa?eoi??th, i?noey caa?aaeaiiy iaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a, aeieoiaio?a,
ae?iaie/a ? oi?aiaa onoaoeoaaiiy, aioiao i?iaeoeoe?th,
eiio?ieueii-eania? iaoeie. O i?ioean? iaeyaeo iiaeooue aooe aeyaeai?
aeieace, ui na?ae/aoue i?i ii?ooaiiy /e ceiaaeeaaiiy.

Ianoaaeaiiy. Ianoaaeaiiy yaey? niaith ye ae i?iaeiaaeaiiy iaeyaeo, aea c
iaeii/aniei iciaeiieaiiyi c aeieoiaioaie ye ii?iaoeaieie, oae ?
aei?aaaeoaaeueieie; c iaea?aeaiiyi iiyniaiue a?ae a?aeiia?aeaeueieo
in?a. Aoaeoeai? ?acoeueoaoe aea? ianoaaeaiiy i?e ia?aa??eao oaoiieia??
ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? a oeaoao, ii?yaeeo i?eeiio, caa?aaeaiiy,
a?aeioneo ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??, oiaa??a.

?iaaioa?ecaoe?y. A?aeiia?aeii aei caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i aooaaeoa?nueeee
iae?e» i?aei?e?inoaa ciaia’ycai? i?iaiaeeoe ?iaaioa?ecaoe?th iaeia ?
ciaia’ycaiue, o oiae? yei? iaiao?aeii ia?aa??yoe ? aeieoiaioaeueii
i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaoe ?oith iayai?noue, noai ? ioe?ieo. Iniiaieie oe?eyie
?iaaioa?ecaoe?? a?aeiia?aeii aei Iaoiaee/ieo oeac?aie ii ?iaaioa?ecaoe??
iaeia ? o?iainiaeo ciaia’ycaiue ?:

· aeyaeaiiy oaeoe/ii? iayaiino? iaeia;

· c?noaaeaiiy oaeoe/ii? iayaiino? iaeia c aeaieie aooaaeoa?nueeiai
iae?eo;

· ia?aa??ea iiaiioe a?aeia?aaeaiiy a iae?eo ciaia’ycaiue.

?iaaioa?ecaoe?y ? iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei iaoiaeii oaeoe/ii? ia?aa??ee
a??ia?aeiino? iieaciee?a aaeaino, ui ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
aooaaeoa?nueei? ca?oiino?. Iaeiae i?aei?e?inoaa, ui i?aeeyaathoue
iaia’yceiaiio aoaeeoo a?aeiia?aeii aei caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie, iiaeii?
aeeth/eoe aei neeaaeo aooaaeoa?nueei? ca?oiino? e aoaeeoi?nueeee
aeniiaie. Aacoiiaii, iiceoeaiee aeniiaie aoaeeoi?nueei? i?aai?caoe??
aoaea icia/aoe, ui ca?oi?noue o an?o ?noioieo aniaeoao a?aeaeaa? aeoeae
? ianeae ia ca?oio aeaoo, aeoiaey/e c ii?iaoeaiiai aeoa, ui ?aaoeth?
aooaaeoa?nueeee iae?e ? ca?oi?noue. ??ciiaeaeii aea??eiaeo
?iaaioa?ecaoe?e ? eiio?ieuei? ia?aa??ee c iaoith aecia/aiiy
i?aaeeueiino? aeeth/aiiy ?iaaioa?ecaoe?eiith eii?n??th a iien oaeoe/ieo
caeeoe?a iaoa??ae?a, eioo?a, oiaa??a ? ?ioiai iaeia. Aei ii?yaeeo
i?iaaaeaiiy ?iaaioa?ecaoe?? i?aae’yaeythoueny aecia/ai? aeiiae.
A?aenooi?noue oi/a a iaeiiai /eaia eii?n?? i?e i?iaaaeaii?
?iaaioa?ecaoe?? iiaea neoaeeoe i?aenoaaith aeey aeciaiiy ?? ?acoeueoao?a
iaae?enieie. Aeoaea aaaeeeai, uia aei aeieoiaio?a, ui i?aaenoaaeythoueny
aeey ioi?ieaiiy iieno ianoa/? oe?iiinoae ? inoaaiiy iiiaae ii?ie
i?e?iaeiiai caeoeo, aoee iaia’yceiai i?eeeaaeai? ??oaiiy ne?ae/eo /e
noaeiaeo i?aai?a, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue a?aenooi?noue aeiieo in?a aai
a?aeiiaeaiiy ia noyaiaiiy caeoeo c aeiieo in?a, aai aeniiaie i?i oaeo
inoaaiiy oe?iiinoae, io?eiaiee a?ae a?aeae?eo oaoi?/iiai eiio?ieth /e
a?aeiia?aeieo niaoe?ae?ciaaieo i?aai?caoe?e (?iniaeoe?e ii yeino? e
?i.).

Eiio?ieueiee caione ne?iaeie ? iaoa??ae?a o ae?iaieoeoai canoiniaothoue
o oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee iaiao?aeii onoaiiaeoe oaeoe/i? aeo?aoe ne?iaeie /e
iaoa??ae?a ia ae?iaieoeoa?, aeo?ae iai?aoaa?eeao?a, aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??,
e?euee?noue a?aeoiae?a. Canoiniaothoue eiai ? aeey ia?aa??ee ae?th/eo /e
oeo, ui ?ai?oa ae?yee ia i?aei?e?inoa? ii?i aeo?ao ne?iaeie ?
iaoa??ae?a, oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano, i?iaeoeoeaiino? onoaoeoaaiiy ? o.i.
Aeey oeueiai i?iaiaeyoue a?aeiia?aeiee ae?iaie/ee aenia?eiaio
(iai?eeeaae, aeaioiaeaiiy c?ace?a ae?ia?a, aei?/ea eoe?ia?ii?
i?iaeoeoe?? e ?i.).

Ia?aae eiio?ieueiei caioneii ne?iaeie o ae?iaieoeoai aa?oi aecia/eoe, ii
yeeo aeaeao i?iaeoeoe??, ui aeionea?oueny, aoaea i?iaaaeaiee
aenia?eiaio. I?e oeueiio a?aoiaothoueny i?aoaic?? aei yeino? ae?ia?a /e
a?aeiiino? i?i ia?aaeo?aoo ii ie?aieo aeaeao iaoa??ae?a, caaeuaieo
ii?iao ? o.ae. sseui aenia?eiaioii noaaeyoue ia iao? ia?aa??eoe oaeoe/ia
ae?iaieoeoai aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??, oi iaiao?aeii, uia aenia?eiaioaeueia
ae?iaieoeoai cae?enithaaeiny a oeo aea oiiaao, o o?i aea ii?yaeeo, o
yeiio aiii cae?enithaaeiny ?ai?oa. sseui aoaea anoaiiaeaii, ui oa?aeoa?
? oiiae ae?iaieoeoaa ia ci?ieeeny, oi a yeino? eiio?ieueiiai iiaea aooe
i?eeiyoee aoaeue-yeee /a?aiaee caione ne?iaeie o ae?iaieoeoai.

Caaaeyee aenia?eiaioo ooi/iththoueny ii?ie, i?aeneeth?oueny eiio?ieue ca
nienaiiyi oaeoe/ii? aeo?aoe ne?iaeie ? aeoiaeii i?iaeoeoe??. E??i oiai,
iiaeooue aooe aeyaeai? iaaeie?ee a ii?ioaaii? ? oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa,
ia?ae?o/oaaiiy a ye?nieo iieacieeao i?iaeoeoe?? e ?io? ii?ooaiiy.

Eaai?aoi?iee aiae?c yeino? iaoa??ae?a, oiaa??a, ne?iaeie ? aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe??. Aeei?enoaiiy aeaiiai iaoiaeo aea? iiaeeea?noue
eiio?iethaaoe ye?noue iaoa??ae?a, ui iaaeoiaeyoue, oiaa??a, ne?iaeie, a
oaeiae aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ? iai?aoaa?eeao?a; aeicaiey? aeyaeoe oaeoe
aeei?enoaiiy iaeiiaeeoe?eii? ne?iaeie, iaaeio?eiaiiy ii?i aeo?aoe. Oe? e
?io? oaeoe iiaeooue na?ae/eoe, iai?eeeaae, i?i ii?ooaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai
?aaeeio, onoaiiaeaieo ii?i ? o.ae. Aiae?c iiaea i?iaiaeeoeny a?aeae?eii
oaoi?/iiai eiio?ieth /e a?aeiia?aeieie niaoe?ae?ciaaieie i?aai?caoe?yie
(?iniaeoe??th ii yeino? e ?i.).

Aeeo/aiiy i?ia (c?ace?a) aeey eaai?aoi?iiai aiae?co iiaeiia ae?iaeyoeny
a?aeiia?aeii aei ?ino?oeoe?e i?i ii?yaeie ?iniaeooaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa
aecia/aieo aaeocae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Aenia?oia ioe?iea ia’?eo?a ia?aa??ee aoaa? iaiao?aeia i?e aeine?aeaeaii?
niaoe?aeueieo ieoaiue. Iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ?iaioa ioe?ithaa/a,
?iaeaia?a, aaieiaa, aeooa??y ? (/e) ?ioiai aenia?oa. Aenia?o, ?iaioo
yeiai aoaeeoi?nueea i?aai?caoe?y aeei?enoiao? i?e i?iaaaeaii? aoaeeoa,
iiaeiiee iaoe:

· a?aeiia?aeio eaae?o?eaoe?th, ye i?aaeei, i?aeoaa?aeaeaio
a?aeiia?aeieie aeieoiaioaie (eaae?o?eaoe?eiee aoanoao, e?oeaic?y,
aeeieii ? o.i.);

· a?aeiia?aeiee aeina?ae ? ?aiooaoe?th a iaeano? aecia/aieo ciaiue,
i?aeoaa?aeaeaio, ye i?aaeei, a?aeeeeeaie, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie,
ioae?eaoe?yie ? o.i.

Aoaeeoi?o oaeiae iaiao?aeii aeine?aeeoe eiio?ieuei? i?ioeaaeo?e, oae?
ye:

· iayai?noue aioo??oi?o ?ino?oeoe?e;

· iin?aiee?a ? ?aaeuei?noue ?oiueiai canoinoaaiiy,

· iiae?e iaia’yce?a,

· iaoiaee neeaaeaiiy aeieoiaioaoe?? ? caien?a,

· noaie aeieoiaioiia?ao (aaaeaii ocaaaeueieoe iia?eueoa
aei?aaaeoaaeueieo aeieoiaio?a),

3.3 Aoaie aoaeeoo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??.

Aoaeeo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia /ioe?e aoaie: — aoaeeo
iae?eo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??, aoaeeo iaa?aoiaaii? i?iaeoeoe??, aoaeeo
iae?eo a?aeaaioaaeaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? oa aoaeeo
iae?eo aeo?ao ia i?iaeaae. ?icaeyiaii a?eueo aeaoaeueii eiaeai c oeeo
aoai?a.

Aoaeeo iae?eo aeioneo aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??

?nio? o?noue iniiaieo niinia?a ioe?iee aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??:

1. Ii oaeoe/i?e ae?iaie/?e nia?aa?oino?. Oeae niin?a aeei?enoiao?oueny
ii??aiyii ??aeei, a iniiaiiio ia i?aei?e?inoaao ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, ui aeioneathoue aaeeea oi?eaeueia onoaoeoaaiiy ?
o?ainii?oi? caniae. Iiaea canoiniaoaaoeny ia i?aei?e?inoaao c iaiaaeaii?
iiiaieeaoo?ii? ianiai? i?iaeoeoe??.

2. Ii iaiiai?e (nei?i/ai?e) ae?iaie/ee nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??. O
oeueiio aeiaaeeo nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe?? aecia/a?oueny ii oaeoe/ieo
aeo?aoao aac caaaeueiiainiiaea?nueeeo aeo?ao.

3. Ca iioiaeie oe?iaie ?aae?caoe??. Iioia? oe?ie canoiniaothoueny ye
iae?eia? oe?ie. A?aeoeeaiiy oaeoe/ii? nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??
a?aoiaothoueny ia ie?aiiio aiae?oe/iiio ?aooieo. I?e no?eeeo iioiaeo
oe?iao oeae aa??aio ioe?iee i?iaeoeoe?? ? iaeiioe?ai?oei, ine?eueee a?i
aeicaiey? c?noaaeyoe ioe?ieo i?iaeoeoe?? a iioi/iiio iae?eo ? ca?oiino?,
ui aaaeeeai aeey eiio?ieth ca i?aaeeueiei aecia/aiiyi oiaa?iiai aeioneo.
I?e cia/iiio eieeaaii? ??aiy iioiaeo oe?i aeaiee niin?a oo?a/a? nai?
ia?aaaae.

4. Ii ieaiia?e (ii?iaoeai?e) ae?iaie/?e nia?aa?oino?, ui aenooia? a
yeino? oaa?aei? iae?eiai? oe?ie. I?e oeueiio niinia? iaoiiaeth?oueny
iaiao?aei?noue ie?aiiai iae?eo a?aeoeeaiue oaeoe/ii? ae?iaie/i?
nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe?? a?ae ieaiiai? /e ii?iaoeaii?. Aeinoi?inoai
aeaiiai niiniao ioe?iee aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? iieyaa? a caaacia/aii?
?aeiino? ioe?iee a ieaioaaii? iae?eo. Iaeiae yeui ieaiiaa /e ii?iaoeaia
nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe?? ci?ith?oueny /anoi, oi ioe?iea caeeoe?a
aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? oneeaaeith?oueny. Aa??aioii oeueiai niiniao ioe?iee
aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ? ioe?iea ii nei?i/ai?e ieaiia?e ae?iaie/?e
nia?aa?oino?.

5. Ii a?eueieo a?aeioneieo oe?iao ? oa?eoai, ca?eueoaiei ia noio
iiaeaoeo ia aeiaeaio aa?o?noue. Oeae niin?a aeei?enoiao?oueny i?e
aeeiiaii? iaeeie/ieo caiiaeaiue ? ?ia?o.

6. Ii a?eueieo ?eieiaeo oe?iao. Oeae aa??aio ioe?iee canoiniao?oueny
aeey iae?eo oiaa??a, ?aae?ciaaieo /a?ac ?icae??aio ia?aaeo.

Aoaeeoi?o iaiao?aeii ia?aa??eoe:

· i?aaeeuei?noue ? nai?/ani?noue ioi?ieaiiy aeieoiaio?a ia caea/o
i?iaeoeoe?? c ae?iaieoeoaa ia neeaae;

· i?aaeeuei?noue a?aeia?aaeaiiy a aooaaeoa?nueeiio iae?eo iia?aoe?e,
ca’ycaieo c aeioneii aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??;

· i?aaeeuei?noue aecia/aiiy ae?iaie/i? nia?aa?oino? aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??
ii aeaeao aeaeaiue ? caiiaeaiiyi;

· i?aaeeuei?noue ?ic?aooie?a ? nienaiiy noi a?aeoeeaiue oaeoe/ii?
nia?aa?oino? a?ae ieaiiai?;

· i?aaeeuei?noue neeaaeaiiy aooaaeoa?nueeeo i?iaiaeie ii iae?eo aeioneo
aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? (?ia?o, iineoa);

· a?aeiia?aei?noue caien?a aiae?oe/iiai ? neioaoe/iiai iae?eo ii
aaeainiaeo caienao ?aooiea «Aioiaa i?iaeoeoe?y» caienai o aieiai?e eiec?
? aaeain?;

· i?aaeeuei?noue ioe?iee aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??.

Aoaeeo iaa?aoiaaii? i?iaeoeoe??

O aeiaaeeo yeui i?iaeoeoe?y ia ioi?iey?oueny i?eeiaeueii-caeaaaeueieie
aeieoiaioaie oeaoo /e neeaaeo i?aei?e?inoaa ? ia a?aeaeaa?oueny a
aooaaeoa?nueeiio iae?eo, aeieea? iaa?aoiaaia i?iaeoeoe?y.

Caieaeaiiy ioe?iee i?iaeoeoe?? aea? iiaeeea?noue iinaaeiaei ?
iaoa??aeueii a?aeiia?aeaeueiei iniaai i?aei?e?inoa ? oi?aiaeo
i?aai?caoe?e aeeo/aoe /anoeio aeoi?ao, ui neeaaea? ??cieoeth i?ae
i?iaeaaeiith ? caieaeaiith a iae?eo aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??.

Ine?eueee iaa?aoiaaia i?iaeoeoe?y ia a?aeaeaa?oueny a aooaaeoa?nueeeo
aeieoiaioao, o aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao ?? iayai?noue aecia/a?oueny ia
i?aenoaa? aeieoiaioaoe??, ui a?aeaeaa? oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane
ae?iaieoeoaa oe??? i?iaeoeoe?? (aeieoiaioe ia aeieaoo ca?ia?oii? ieaoe,
aeai? iia?aoeaiiai iae?eo i?i caeeaaeeo ne?iaeie ? aeione aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe?? e ?i.), a oaeiae i?aeoaa?aeaeoth/ee aea?c i?iaeoeoe?? c
i?aei?e?inoaa (i?iionee, ?aooiee-oaeoo?e, iaeeaaei? e ?i.).

A ie?aieo aeiaaeeao iaa?aoiaaia i?iaeoeoe?y iiaea aooe aeyaeaia oeyoii
ca??aiiy (c?noaaeaiiy) aeieoiaio?a, ui a?aeaeaathoue iaea?aeaiiy
i?iaeoeoe??: aeieoiaioaeueieo aeaieo neeaae?a ? oeao?a — ae?iaiee?a
i?iaeoeoe??; aeaieo ?iaaioa?ecaoe?e aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? a oeaoao ? ia
neeaaeao i?aei?e?inoa — c iae?eiaeie aeaieie ia aeaiue i?iaaaeaiiy oaeeo
?iaaioa?ecaoe?e ? o.i.

I?e ia?aa??oe? aoaeeoi? iiaeiiee aea/eoe anth aeieoiaioaoe?th, ui
aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i iayai?noue /e i?i a?aenooi?noue aeiaaee?a
aeioneo ? ?aae?caoe?? iaa?aoiaaii? i?iaeoeoe??.

I?e aecia/aii? iayaiino? iaoa??aeueiiai caeoeo aoaeeoi? iiaeiiee iaoe ia
oaac?, ui ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe?? c iaa?aoiaaieo iaaeeeoe?a ne?iaeie ?
iaoa??ae?a ia aea? aeinoaoiuei? i?aenoaae aeey oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i
iayai?noue iaoa??aeueiiai caeoeo. Oey i?iaeoeoe?y iiaea aeyaeoeny ia
neeaae? i?aei?e?inoaa. Iaoa??aeueiee caeoie aoaea iaoe i?noea eeoa a
oiio aeiaaeeo, yeui iaa?aoiaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? a iayaiino? ia aeyaeoueny,
oiaoi aiia aoea aeaacaia c i?aei?e?inoaa aac a?aeia?aaeaiiy a iae?eo.

Aeey onoaiiaeaiiy oaeoo aeioneo iaa?aoiaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? ei?enoathoueny
??cieie niiniaaie aiae?co ? ia?aa??ee aeieoiaio?a. Aei ieo, cie?aia ,
a?aeiinyoueny c?noaaeaiiy aeaieo ?iaaioa?ecaoe?e neeaae?a aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa ? aeaieo iae?eo a i?noeyo caa?aaeaiiy
(aeyaeaiiy i?e oeueiio iaaeeeoe?a i?iaeoeoe?? aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
ooai?aiiy yeeo ca ?aooiie iaaeiaaioaaeaiiy niiaeeaa/ai aeeeth/a?oueny,
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, ui any i?iaeoeoe?y ia i?aei?e?inoa? a?aoiao?oueny, yeui
i?e oeueiio a?aenooi? iiieeee a iae?eo); ca??aiiy aeieoiaio?a, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aea?c c i?aei?e?inoaa aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??
(oiaa?ii-o?ainii?oi? iaeeaaei?, i?iionee, aei?iaei? eenoe, cae?cie/i? e
?io? aeieoiaioe), c aeieoiaioaie aooaaeoa?nueeiai e iia?aoeaiiai iae?eo
i?iaeoeoe?? ia neeaaeao. O ?acoeueoao? oaeiai ca??aiiy iiaeooue
onoaiiaethaaoeny aeiaaeee aeaico ia ii?eaooeiaaii? ii neeaaeo
i?iaeoeoe??, ui o aeo?aoao ia aoea nienaia e o ianoa/? ia aeyaeeany.

Iaeiae, o oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee aeieoiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aea?c
iaa?aoiaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? c i?aei?e?inoaa, ui aeioneaei oaeo i?iaeoeoe?th
a ianiaiio ii?yaeeo ? ne?iaeie, ui iaei aeey oeueiai caiane ? iaoa??aee,
aoaeeoi? iiaeiiee aecia/eoe iaoa??aeueiee caeoie o ?ici??? aa?oino?
aeaacaii? iaa?aoiaaii? i?iaeoeoe??.

Aoaeeo iae?eo a?aeaaioaaeaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??

Aioiaa i?iaeoeoe?y — oea ae?iae ? iai?aoaa?eeaoe, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue
ae?th/ei noaiaea?oai /e caoaa?aeaeaiei oaoi?/iei oiiaai, i?eeiyo? ia
neeaae /e caiiaieeii. I?ae a?aeaaioaaeaiith i?iaeoeoe??th ?icoi?thoue
i?iaeoeoe?th ? iineoae, ieao?aei? aeieoiaioe ye? caeai? iinoa/aeueieeii
o aaie, aea ia iiea/ai? iieoioeyie. ?aae?caoe?y i?iaeoeoe?? (?ia?o,
iineoa) iiaea i?iaiaeeoeny ca ianooiieie oe?iaie: ii a?eueieo
a?aeioneieo oe?iao ? oa?eoai, ca?eueoaiei ia noio IAeA; ii aea?aeaaieo
?aaoeueiaaieo iioiaeo oe?iao ? oa?eoai, ca?eueoaiei ia noio IAeA; ii
aea?aeaaiei ?aaoeueiaaiei ?icae??aiei oe?iai ? oa?eoai, ui aeeth/athoue
IAeA.

Aoaeeoi?o iaiao?aeii ia?aa??eoe:

· /e oeeaaeai? aeiaiai?e ia iinoa/aiiy aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ?
i?aaeeuei?noue ?oiueiai ioi?ieaiiy;

· /e i?aaeeueii ioi?ieai? aeieoiaioe ia a?aeaaioaaeaiiy i?iaeoeoe??;

· /e i?aaeeueii ioi?ieai? oe?ie ia a?aeaaioaaeaio i?iaeoeoe?th;

· /e i?aaeeueii onoaiiaeai? a?aeionei? oe?ie c o?aooaaiiyi iieaoe aeo?ao
ii aeinoaaoe? i?iaeoeoe?? a?ae iinoa/aeueieea aei iieoioey a?aeiia?aeii
aei oeeaaeaiiai aeiaiai?o iinoa/aiiy;

· /e a/anii i?aae’yaeyeeny a aaie ieao?aei? aeiiae-aei?o/aiiy ca
a?aeaaioaaeaio i?iaeoeoe?th;

· /e i?aaeeueii ioi?ieai? aeieoiaioe ii a?aeioneo i?iaeoeoe??, yeui
i?iaeoeoe?y a?aeionea?oueny aaciina?aaeiuei c? neeaaeo iinoa/aeueieea;

· /e i?aaeeueii i?aai?ciaaiee neeaaenueeee iae?e aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??;

· /e i?aaeeueii aaaeaoueny aiae?oe/iee ? neioaoe/iee iae?e
a?aeaaioaaeaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??.

Aoaeeo iae?eo aeo?ao ia i?iaeaae

Aeo?aoe, ca’ycai? c i?iaeaaeai i?iaeoeoe??, oiaa??a, ?ia?o ? iineoa,
a?aoiaothoueny ia ?aooieo «Aeo?aoe ia caoo» . Aei ieo a?aeiinyoueny:
aeo?aoe ia oiaeoaaiiy ae?ia?a ia neeaaeao aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??; aeo?aoe
ii aeinoaaoe? i?iaeoeoe?? ia noaioe?th a?aei?aaeaiiy, iaaaioaaeaiith o
aaaiie, noaeia, aaoiiia?e? e ?io? o?ainii?oi? caniae; eii?n?ei? cai?e ?
a?ae?aooaaiiy, ui niea/othoueny caooiaei ? ?io?i iina?aaeieoeueeei
i?aai?caoe?yi; aeo?aoe ia ?aeeaio; aeo?aoe ia i?aaenoaaieoeuee? aeo?aoe
e ?io? aiaeia?/i? ii i?ecia/aiith aeo?aoe.

Aoaeeoi?o iaiao?aeii ia?aa??eoe:

· i?aaeeuei?noue aeeth/aiiy aeo?ao aei neeaaeo aeo?ao ia caoo;

· aeio?eiaiiy anoaiiaeaieo ii?iaoea?a aeo?ao ia ?aeeaio (i?e ia?aaeuaii?
anoaiiaeaieo ii?iaoea?a aeo?ao ia ?aeeaio iiiaeaoeiaoaaiee i?eaooie
iiaeiiee aooe ca?eueoaiee ia noio ia?aaeuaiiy);

· aeio?eiaiiy iniiaieo iieiaeaiue ii iae?e oa?e ia i?aei?e?inoaao, a
naia, i?aaeeueia ? nai?/ania aeieoiaioaeueia a?aeia?aaeaiiy iia?aoe?e ii
caaioiaeyiith, iaaeoiaeaeaiith ? a?aeioneo oa?e ia neeaaeao, o oeaoao,
ae?eyieao ? ?ioeo i?noeyo ?? caa?aaeaiiy;

· i?aaeeuei?noue aaaeaiiy aiae?oe/iiai iae?eo ii ?aooieo «Aeo?aoe ia
caoo» ? a?aeiiino?;

· i?aaeeuei?noue neeaaeaiiy aooaaeoa?nueeeo i?iaiaeie ii iia?aoe?yo c
oa?ith;

· i?aaeeuei?noue a?aeia?aaeaiiy a aooaaeoa?nueeiio iae?eo oiaa?iiai?iieo
iia?aoe?e /e iia?aoe?e, cae?enithaaieo ia aa?oa?i?e iniia?;

· a?aeiia?aei?noue caien?a neioaoe/iiai e aiae?oe/iiai iae?eo caienai o
aieiai?e eiec? (i?e aeo?iaeueii-i?aea?i?e oi?i? iae?eo) ? aaeain?.

3.4 Oi?ioaaiiy ?iai/eo aeieoiaio?a aoaeeoi?a.

Aoaeeoi?nueea ia?aa??ea, aoaeo/e aeania eaaeo/e aeieoiaioaeueiith,
ciaia’yco? noi?iaiaeaeoaaoe ia?aa??eo iaia’yceiaei aeieoiaiooaaiiyi,
oiaoi a?aeaeaaoe io?eiaio ?ioi?iaoe?th a ?iai/?e aeieoiaioaoe?? aoaeeoa,
aei yei? a?aeiinyoueny:

· ieaie ? i?ia?aie i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeeoa;

· iiyniaiiy ? cayae i?aoe?aiee?a i?ae?icae?eo c ieoaiue, ui aeieeaathoue
?c oiaeo ia?aa??ee;

· eii?? ia?aeiieo aeieoiaio?a i?ae?icae?eo, ui na?ae/aoue i?i
ainiiaea?nuee? iia?aoe??, oioia?ao?th ia’?eo?a, aeoe, aeia?aeee,
i?ioieiee, ?iaaioa?ecaoe?ei? iiene e ?io? aeieoiaioe, neeaaeai? ?acii ?c
i?aoe?aieeaie i?ae?icae?eo e ?ioeo i?aoe?aiee?a, caeo/aieie aeey o/ano?
a ia?aa??oe?, ui neoaeaoue aeieacii caien?a a aeo? ia?aa??ee;

· ?aa?no?e aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo;

· ?acoeueoaoe ?iaaioa?ecaoe?e;

· aooaaeoa?nueea ca?oi?noue;

· caiene i?i aea/aiiy e ioe?ieo nenoai iia?aoeaiiai ? neeaaenueeiai
iae?eo, caieoaeueieee, noaie aeieoiaioiia?ao e ?io?;

· ae?iaie/i-o?iainiaee aiae?c oaeoe/ieo iieaciee?a i?ae?icae?eo;

· iaoa??aee, ui na?ae/aoue i?i ?iaioo aeeiiaio ia aoaeeoi?ii, aea i?ae
eiai eiio?ieai;

· aeieoiaioe cono??/ieo ia?aa??ie ? iiyniaiiy in?a, ui ia ?
i?aoe?aieeaie aeaiiai i?ae?icae?eo;

· eii?? aooaaeoa?nueei?, iia?aoeaii? aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueei?
ca?oiino?.

Ia?ae?e ?iai/i? aeieoiaioaoe?? aoaeeoa, yea i?eeeaaea?oueny aei aeo?a
aoaeeoi?nueei? ia?aa??ee, aecia/a? aoaeeoi?, ui i?iaiaeeoue ia?aa??eo.
Aieiaia aeiiaa aei oe??? aeieoiaioaoe?? — ?? ia?aeiieea?noue ?
aaaii?noue i?e aeieac? aeniiae?a ? i?iiiceoe?e, ui aeieeaathoue c
iaoa??ae?a ia?aa??ee. Oiio iaiaaeaiue ii i?aeai?? aeieac?a ia
anoaiiaeth?oueny.

3.5 I?aeaioiaea i?aenoieiai? aeieoiaioaoe?? ii ?acoeueoaoao aoaeeoo.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aoaeeoi?nueei? ia?aa??ee neeaaea?oueny ca?oiee
aeieoiaio, ui iiaea iaoe ??ci? aeieoiaioaeuei? oi?ie — aoaeeoi?nueea
aeia?aeea, aoaeeoi?nueeee aeniiaie, aeia?aeea i?i aenia?oeco,
aeiiia?aeia caienea, ca?o i?i ia?aa??eo e ?io?. Naia oi?ia oeueiai
aeieoiaioa aecia/a?oueny a iaeac? i?i i?ecia/aiiy aoaeeoi?nueei?
ia?aa??ee. Ca?o iiaeiiee aooe neeaaeaiee ia iniia? ienueiiai?
?ioi?iaoe?? aoaeeoi?a, o ye?e iiaeii? i?noeoeny caaaeaiiy i?i on?
aeyaeai? iaaeie?ee ? ii?ooaiiy a iae?eo e ca?oiino?, a oaeiae
aeae?eyoeny o? iiieeee ? aei?aaeaiiy ye? iiaeooue oieeiooe ia
a??ia?aei?noue ca?oiino? c iineeaiiyie ia caeiiiaeaa/? ? ii?iaoeai?
aeieoiaioe. Ienueiiaa ?ioi?iaoe?y caiiaith?oueny a aeaio aecaiiey?ao,
iaeei ?c yeeo ia?aaea?oueny aieiaiiio aooaaeoa?o ? ea??aieeo aeey
iciaeiieaiiy aeyaeaiiy iiaeeeaeo ?ica?aeiinoae ? a?aaoethaaiiy ni??ieo
iieiaeaiue, a ?ioee aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey iaienaiiy ca?oo, i?ney /iai
a?i ia?aaea?oueny a a?o?a. O ienueiia?e ?ioi?iaoe?? iiaeii? i?noeoeny:
I?I aoaeeoi?a /e neeaae a?oie aoaeeoi??a, ?aea?ceoe ia?aa??y?iiai
i?ae?icae?eo, ia?ae?e iinaaeiaeo a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ca aaaeaiiy
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo ? neeaaeaiiy ca?oiino?, ia??iae /ano aei yeiai
a?aeiineoueny ia?aa??aia aeieoiaioaoe?y, ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i iaoiaeeeo
ia?aa??ee (ye? iai?yiee aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo i?aeeyaaee ia?aa??oe?,
yea aooaaeoa?nueea aeieoiaioaoe?y aoea ia?aa??aia nooe?eueiei iaoiaeii,
a yea aea??eiai, ia iniia? yeeo i?eioeei?a i?iaiaeeeany ia?aa??ea),
?ioi?iaoe?y i?i on? aeyaeai? iaaeie?ee ? ii?ooaiiy, ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i
iaea?eueo? ?noioi? ii?ooaiiyo a iae?eo, ye? cia/ii niioai?ththoue
ca?oi?noue, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c iie?ioaiiy iiaeaoeiaiai ieaioaaiiy c iaoith
iioei?caoe?? iiiaeaoeiaoaaiiy.

I?e ianooiieo ia?aa??eao iiaeii? aooe aeai? aiae?c ? ioe?iea aeeiiaiiy
/e aei?aaeaiiy caoaaaeaiue ii oaeoao iiia?aaei?o ia?aa??ie. Ienueiiaa
?ioi?iaoe?y i?aeieno?oueny an?ia aoaeeoi?aie, ooi i?iaiaeea ia?aa??eo.
Ia i?aenoaa? ienueiiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? neeaaea?oueny ca?o, ui ca
no?oeoo?ith a iniiaiiio iiaoi?th? ienueiiao ?ioi?iaoe?th.

A?aeiia?aeii aei aoaeeoi?nueeiai noaiaea?oo aoaeeoi?nueeee ca?o iiaeiiee
neeaaeaoeny c anooiii?, aiae?oe/ii? ? i?aenoieiai? /anoei.

Anooiia /anoeia aoaeeoi?nueeiai aeniiaeo i?noeoue: iacao aeieoiaioa a
oe?eiio, aeaoo ? i?noea neeaaeaiiy, i?aenoaaa i?iaaaeaiiy ia?aa??ee
(iaeac ea??aieea i?aei?e?inoaa, i?ioieie ??oaiiy caniiaiee?a),
i?iaaaeaiiy ia?aa??ee, i??caeua, ?iaia ? ii aaoueeia? in?a, ui i?eeiaee
o/anoue a ia?aa??oe?, i??caeu?, ?iaia ? ii aaoueeia? iinaaeiaeo in?a,
a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ca ae?yeuei?noue i?ae?icae?eo, ia??iae ia?aa??ee, ye?
ieoaiiy aoee i?aeaeai? aeieoiaioaeueii? ? oaeoe/i?e ia?aa??oe?.

Aiae?oe/ia /anoeia aae?ano?oueny iinaaeia?e inia?, ui i?ecia/eea
ia?aa??eo ? iiaeiia aeeth/aoe: iaeiaioaaiiy i?ae?icae?eo, ia’?eoe
aoaeeoa, aeeeaae ?acoeueoao?a ia?aa??ee, caaaeueio ioe?ieo aeio?eiaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa ? anoaiiaeaiiai ii?yaeeo aaaeaiiy aooaaeoa?nueeiai
iae?eo, ioe?ieo ioi?ieaiiy ainiiaea?nueeeo iia?aoe?e ? ?oi?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a aooaaeoa?nueeiio e iia?aoeaiiio iae?eo, ?noioi?
ii?ooaiiy eiie?aoieo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a, a?eoiaoe/i?, eia?/i?,
aeieoiaioaeuei? ? ?a/iaeii? aeieace anoaiiaeaieo ii?ooaiue; i??caeua,
?iaia, ii aaoueeia? ? iinaaee in?a, ui aeiionoeee ii?ooaiiy, a?ioiaee ?
e?euee?niee ae?ac iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a ii?ooaiue.

I?aenoieiaa /anoeia aoaeeoi?nueeiai aeieoiaioa i?noeoue ioe?ieo
aoaeeoi?a ae?iaie/i-o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? i?ae?icae?eo ? aaaeaiiy
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo, a oaeiae i?iiiceoe?? ii onoiaiith aeyaeaieo
ii?ooaiue, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?ae?icae?eo ii onoiaiith iaaeie?e?a aei
ooaaeaiiy ??oaiiy ii ia?aa??oe? iinaaeiaith iniaith, ui i?ecia/eea
ia?aa??eo.

I?e aeeeaae? nai?? aeoiee aoaeeoi? iiaeiiee aeio?eioaaoe no?iai?
ia’?eoeaiino?, ia aeiioneaoe iaia??oioiaaieo oaa?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a ?
ioe?iie ae?yeueiino? ie?aieo in?a /e ia?aa??y?iiai i?ae?icae?eo ?
caienoaaoe iaaeioaaeuei? oi?ioethaaiiy. Caoaaaeaiiy i?i iaaeie?ee ?
ii?ooaiiy, io?eiai? c onieo /e ienueiiaeo caya ie?aieo iaee/, o ca?o
aeeth/aoe ia iiaeia. Eiaeai a?aeaeoee o iueiio oaeo iiaeiiee aooe
anaa?/ii ia?aa??aiee aoaeeoi?ii. sseui ea??aiee i?ae?icae?eo /e ?ioa
iinaaeiaa iniaa i?ae?icae?eo ia? caia?a/aiiy /e caoaaaeaiiy ca
iaoa??aeaie i?iaaaeaii? ia?aa??ee, aiia iiaeiia i?aeienaoe aeieoiaio i?i
ia?aa??eo e iaeii/anii i?eeeanoe aei iueiai nai? ienueiia? caia?a/aiiy
/e caoaaaeaiiy. O oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee iaiao?aeii i?eeiyoe oa?i?iia? i??e
aei onoiaiiy aeyaeaieo ii?ooaiue, neeaaeathoueny i?ii?aei? aoaeeoi?nuee?
ca?oi? aeieoiaioe, ui iai?aaeythoueny ea??aieeai, ui iacia/eee
ia?aa??eo, c ianooiiei aeeth/aiiyi ieo o caaaeueiee aeieoiaio i?i
ia?aa??eo.

I?ii?aei? ca?oi? aeieoiaioe aoaeeoi?a neeaaeathoueny aaciina?aaeiuei a
oiae? aoaeeoi?nueei? ia?aa??ee ia oeo ae?eyieao ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa,
aea ?ice?eo? iaea?eueo cia/ei? ii?ooaiiy, ui aeiaaathoue iaaaeiiai
aaeeaaiiy caoiae?a.

Aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe??

?icaeoie i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ? ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei o ??cieo
noni?eueii-aeiiii?/ieo oi?iaoe?yo iaoiiaeth? iio?aao oaeineiiaeaiiy
ooieoe?e oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii ae?iaieoeoaa, o oiio /ene? ? eiio?ieth
aeiiii?ee. Eiio?ieue ye ooieoe?y oi?aae?iiy i?aeii?yaeeiaaiee ae??oaiith
caaaeaiue nenoaie oi?aae?iiy. Oiio i?ecia/aiiy eiio?ieth a?aeiia?aea?
iao? oi?aae?iiy, yea aecia/a?oueny aeiiii?/ieie ? iie?oe/ieie
caeiiii??iinoyie ?icaeoeo aeaii? oi?iaoe??. Ooieoe?? eiio?ieth
aecia/athoueny ae?yie aeiiii?/ieo caeii?a ? iaoith noni?euenoaa,
?ioa?ane yeiai a?i caoeua?.

Caaaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai eiio?ieth o noni?euenoa? iieyaa? a oe??ieaii?
oi?i aeaniino?, ni?eyii? ae?iaieoeoao eiieo?aioiini?iiiaeii? i?iaeoeoe??
aeey ?aae?caoe?? ia na?oiaiio ? aioo??oiueiio ?eieao.

Ia?ao?ae aeiiii?ee ia ?eieia? a?aeiineie iia`ycaiee c ?icoe?aiiyi i?aa
i?aei?e?ioe?a, aeaiie?aoecaoe??th oi?aae?iiy, aeei?enoaiiyi aeiiii?/ieo
noeioe?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?aoe? oa ?? ioe?iee
ca aeiiii?/ieie ?acoeueoaoaie. O ca`yceo c oeei aecia/a?oueny iiaee
iai?yiie ?icaeoeo aeiiii?/iiai eiio?ieth o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa — iacaeaaeiee aoaeeoi?nueeee eiio?ieue.

Caeiiii??i?noue aeieeiaiiy aoaeeoi?nueeiai eiio?ieth a Oe?a?i?
iaoiiaeaia i?iaaaeaiiyi i?eaaoecaoe?? aea?aeaaiiai iaeia, oi?aae?iiy
yeei i?iaiaeea aeaniee aaei?i?no?aoeaieie iaoiaeaie, aeei?enoiaoth/e
aeey oeueiai ??ci? aea?aeaai? no?oeoo?e. Noai?aiiy ni?eueieo
i?aei?e?inoa c ?iicaiiei eai?oaeii, i?aiaeieo, eiia?oe?eieo, i?eaaoieo
oa ?ioeo noa`?eo?a i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? c ??cieie oi?iaie
aeaniino? ? ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ea?oth/enue caeiiaie Oe?a?ie i?i
aeani?noue ? i?aei?e?iieoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue, aeaniee iaaoa i?aai ia?aoe
iacaeaaeiee eiio?ieue nai?? o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?. Oaea
i?aai aeanieea cae??ieaii Caeiiii Oe?a?ie i?i aoaeeoi?nueeo
ae?yeuei?noue, yeee ia?aaeaa/a? i?aai?caoe?eia ? iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy
aeeiiaiiy eiio?ieueieo ooieoe?e — aoaeeoo ia aeiaia??ieo canaaeao c
aeanieeii, ia?aaeaa/a? a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue noi??i ca ia`?eoeaio,
iaoia?aaeaeaio ia?aa??eo o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa,
a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?? o ioae?/i?e ca?oiino? oa i?aaeeuei?noue
?ic?aooie?a c aea?aeaaith ii nieao? iiaeaoe?a, ia?aooaaiiy aeea?aeaiae?a
aeoe?iia?ai ? ?ioei aieiaea?yi oe?iieo iaia??a.

I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aoaeeoo iaiiaeeeai aac aeei?enoaiiy
eiii`thoa?ii? oaoi?ee. Aiai?y/e i?i aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie aeiiii?/iiai
eiio?ieth a oe?eiio, y iath ia oaac?, ui eiio?ieue ? ?aeeiith ooieoe??th
oi?aae?iiy, yea ioe?ith? iaae?ei?noue nenoaie cai?o, caa??aaiiy oa
ia?a?iaee ae?iaie/i-o?iainiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? ainiiaea?nueeeo iaeeieoeue.

Aoaeue-yeee ei?enooaa/ ?ioi?iaoe??th (iai?eeeaae, aooaaeoa?),
iacaaaeath/e ia oa, /e oaoi?/ia oea ?ioi?iaoe?y, /e aeiiii?/ia,
naiino?eii aai /a?ac iina?aaeiee?a (iacaeaaeieo aoaeeoi??a) i?iaiaeeoue
aeaye? iia?aoe?? ii ?? ioe?ioe? c a?aeiia?aeiei eiio nooiaiai
aeinoia??iino?. Eiei oaeeo ei?enooaa/?a aeinoaoiuei oe?iea: a?ae aia?aoo
oi?aae?iiy ainiiaea?nueei? iaeeieoe? aei aeoe?iia??a, a?ae aeaniee?a aei
i?aaenoaaiee?a aea?aeaaii? aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee. Ca i?e?iaeith nai??
ae?yeueiino? an? aiie caeiathoueny ae?yeuei?noth, iia`ycaiith c
ioe?ieith ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i o?ae ainiiaea?nueeeo i?ioean?a ia
i?aei?e?inoaao aai i?i aeeiiaiiy aea?aeaaieo i?ia?ai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo.

Oiio i?ae nenoaiith aeiiii?/iiai eiio?ieth ?icoi??oueny eiiieaen
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ?inoeooo?a, ye? a nai?e ae?yeueiino?
aeei?enoiaothoue iaoiaee ? oaoi?eo, ui aeicaieythoue ioe?ieoe nooi?iue
aeinoia??iino? ?ioi?iaoe??, yea ?o oe?eaaeoue, ? iaae?ei?noue aeaea?aea
oe??? ?ioi?iaoe??. Oiio oae? neiainiieo/aiiy, ye “iae?e ? eiio?ieue”,
“?aa?c?y ? eiio?ieue”, “eiio?ieue ? aiae?c ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?”, “eiio?ieue aoaeoeaiino? i?ia?ai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo” icia/athoue, ui a i?ioean? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aooaaeoa?nueeiai
iae?eo, aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa, aiae?co
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? aai ioe?ioe? aoaeoeaiino? aeeiiaiiy
aea?aeaaieo oa i?noeaaeo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?ia?ai caaaeaee
i?iaiaeeoueny ?iaioa ii anoaiiaeaii? nooiaith aeinoia??iino?
?ioi?iaoe??, yea aeei?enoiao?oueny.

Ae?oaei aniaeoii, yeee ?aae?co?oueny /a?ac nenoaio eiio?ieth, ?
i?eeiaiiy i?? ii noeioethaaiith ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai ?aa?c?eieo
iaeeieoeue aei ye?niiai aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe. Oey ooieoe?y eiio?ieth, ye
i?aaeei, ?aae?co?oueny /a?ac i?aaie aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee, a ia aeuiio ??ai?
oi?aae?iiy — ? /a?ac caeiiiaeaa/?. Iaiao?aei?noue oe??? ooieoe??
aeeeeeaia iiaeeea?noth cae?enieoe oioaeueiee eiio?ieue — ioiieoe
ia?aa??eith an?o ieaoiee?a iiaeaoeo ? an? ainiiaea?nuee? iaeeieoe?. Ca
oe??th ae i?e/eiith a aaaaoueio e?a?iao iniiaia aeiey eiio?ieth
aooaaeoa?nueei? ?ioi?iaoe?? ? oi?iaeueii? caeiiiino? o?iainiaeo
iia?aoe?e iieeaaea?oueny ia aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeee eiio?ieue, a oie
aea /an niaoe?ae?ciaai? eiio?ieuei? a?aeiinoaa ia?aa??ythoue ae??a?noue
nenoaie aioo??oiueiai eiio?ieth.

A eo?nia?e ?iaio? ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeeoo aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe?? oa ?? ?aae?caoe??, iieacaia iine?aeiai?noue aoaeeoo.

NIENIE AEEI?ENOAII? E?OA?AOO?E

1. Caai?iaei?e A.A., ?een??a A.A., Ei?yae I.A., Aeioia? A.A. oa ?i.
Aoaeeo. Oai??y ? i?aeoeea. – E.: Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea», 2003. –362 n.

2. Aeai/aiei A.A., Iiiiae/ A.A., Oiiooaiei A.I., Iaea? A.?., Iaeneiaiei
I.A. I?aai?caoe?y oa iaoiaeeea aoaeeoo. -.: Ae?oe, 2003. – 288 n.

3. Eieueaa A.Ae., Ia?iaeeaa I.Ae Aoaeeo a Oe?a?i?. – E.: E?oa?a, 1988. –
384 n.

4. Oa?aiao A.Ae., Noeoe A.I. Aoaeeo. – I.: Ii?a-I, 2001. – 352 n.

5. Naa/aiei A.ss Aoaeeo: Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee. – E.: EIAO, 2002. – 322
n.

6. Aei?io I.? Aoaeeo: Iaoiaeieia?y ? i?aai?caoe?y. E.: O-ai «Ciaiiy»,
EII, 2001. – 402 n.

7. Eoeaeianueea E.I., I?/a TH.A. Iniiae aoaeeoo. – E.: «Ea?aaaeea» ; E.:
«Iiaee na?o», 2000,2002. – 504 n.

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