23

IEAI

Anooi

1. Nooi?noue ? cia/aiiy athaeaeaoiiai ieaioaaiiy

2. Oa?aeoa?enoeea ae?yeueiino? aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y

iae?eo ia i?aei?e?inoa?, ca iaoa??aeaie yeiai aeeiiaia ?iaioa

3. Ii?yaeie neeaaeaiiy ? ooaaeaiiy ieai?a

4. Eiio?ieue ca aeeiiaiiyi athaeaeao?a ? aiae?c a?aeoeeaiue

5. Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo oa oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy ieaioaaiiy a no/anieo
oiiaao

Aeniiaee

Cienie aeei?enoiaoaaii? e?oa?aoo?e

Aeiaeaoee

ANOOI

A oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, naiino?eiino? i?aei?e?inoa, ?o
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino? aeieea? ia’?eoeaia
iaiao?aei?noue aecia/aiiy oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo o?iainiaiai noaio ?
ia?niaeoeaieo o?iainiaeo iiaeeeainoae i?aei?e?inoa. Ia ??oaiiy oaeeo
ieoaiue ? iaoe?eaia ?ic?iaea o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy, oiaoi
athaeaeaooaaiiy.

A?aeiii, ui oe?e? eiiiai?? aeinyaathoueny eieaa?aeueii, ?
athaeaeaooaaiiy aeicaiey? nii/aoeo nieaioaaoe, a iio?i ci??yoe aianie
eiaeiiai c i?ae?icae?e?a a aeinyaiaiiy caaaeueii? iaoe.

Ieaioaaiiy iine?aeiaii ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny ii i?ano?oeoo??. Ia ii/aoeo
ca?oiiai ia??iaeo eiaeiee c athaeaeao?a ? ieaiii aai noaiaea?oii. A
e?ioe? a?i a?a? ?ieue aei??ieea, ui aeicaiey? iaiaaeaea?o ii??aiyoe
io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?c caieaiiaaieie, uia iaaeae? iie?ioeoe
ae?yeuei?noue.

Ca aeiiiiiaith athaeaeao?a cae?enith?oueny eiio?iee?ia aeiiii?/ii?
nenoaie — oi?aae?iiy ii a?aeoeeaiiyo a?ae caieaiiaaieo (ii?iaoeaieo)
iieaciee?a. sse iieacieee, iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny noaoo? aeo?ao a
athaeaeaoao, cia/aiiy /enoi? aai ia?ae?iaeueiiai i?eaooeo,
?aioaaaeuei?noue, nia?aa?o?noue, ia’?i ae?o/ee, i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa ?i.
I?e iia?aoeaiiio oi?aae?ii?, aiae?coth/e a?aeoeeaiiy, iiaeia a?aeiia?noe
ia ieoaiiy, ye eiaeai i?ae?icae?e a?aei?aoethaaa. A?eueo oiai,
aiae?coth/e a?aeoeeaiiy, iiaeia aecia/eoe, ye? /eiieee aieeioee ia
?acoeueoao (oiiae ae?iaieoeoaa, eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue, ??aaiue
?eceeo, iaiaaeai?noue ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae, ani?oeiaio i?iaeoeoe??,
iie?oeea oe?iiooai?aiiy, iai?ioi?noue aeoea?a, caiane ia neeaae?,
oaiaeaioe?? iieiaeaiiy ia ?eieo, e?euee?noue oeo, ui i?aoeththoue ? ?o
i?ioan?eiee ??aaiue, iayai?noue ? aa?o?noue ne?iaeie, oaoiieia?/i?
iniaeeaino?), ? ooi iana a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca iani?eyoeea?
a?aeoeeaiiy.

Iniiaith aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy athaeaeaooaaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoa? ?
oi?aae?inueeee iae?e — nenoaia iae?eo oaeoe/ieo aeo?ao ? ?ic?aooieo
aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a.

?icaeyiooa aeua, aea? iiaeeea?noue noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aea?aia oaia ?
aeooaeueiith. Oiio iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe ? aeine?aeaeaiiy athaeaeaooaaiiy
ye oi?aae?inueei? oaoiieia?? o ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa, i?aai?caoe?y
athaeaeaooaaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoa?, ?ice?eooy iniaeeainoae oa aiae?c
ieaioaaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoa? Aoaeaa??nueea OAN AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai».

I?e oeueiio iniiaieie caaaeaiiyie, oe??? ?iaioe aeyaeeeny ianooii?:

— aecia/eoe oai?aoe/i? iniiae athaeaeaoiiai ieaioaaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoa?;

— ?icaeyiooe iaiao?aei?noue, ci?no athaeaeaoiiai ieaioaaiiy ? aeaee
ieai?a;

— aeaoe ioe?ieo caaaeuei?e aeiiii?/i?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe? ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa;

— ?icaeyiooe ii?yaeie neeaaeaiiy ieai?a;

— i?iaanoe athaeaeaoiee aiae?c aeeiiaiiy athaeaeao?a;

— aecia/eoe iaoiaeeeo ? oaoi?eo eiio?ieth ca aeeiiaiiyi athaeaeaoo.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiue iineoaeeea o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueea
ae?yeuei?noue ? cae?eniaiiy athaeaeaoiiai ieaioaaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoa?
Aoaeaa??nueea OAN AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai». Oaieiaa aeaeo?inoaioe?y noai?aia c
iaoith ae?iaieoeoaa aeaeo?e/ii? ? oaieiai? aia?a?? ? io?eiaiiy
a?aeiia?aeiiai i?eaooeo AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai».

I?iaeaie aoaeoeaiino? o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoa?, iaoeia?
aniaeoe oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo ieoaiue o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy ?
iaoiaee ioe?iee ?? aoaeoeaiino? aena?oeai? a iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo i?ia?aeieo
aeiiii?no?a o/aieo: Aaeaaaiiaa ?.A., Aaiaeo?ea I.I., Aeueyeiai? A.A.,
Ethaooeia I.I., Eauaaa A.A., Ee?aeoeaaa A.A., Iiaeueyiia?/ E.A.,
Iiaeaea?aaeia A.I. Neaathea ?.A. ? ?i.

Iniiaia /anoeia eo?niai? ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c i’yoe ?icae?e?a,
i?noeoue n?i noai ? aeaaiaaeoeyoue oaaeeoeue.

?ICAe?E 1. NOOI?NOUe ? CIA*AIIss ATHAeAEAOIIAI IEAIOAAIIss

O ?eieiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy oni?oiei aaaaea?oueny i?aei?e?inoai,
ui iaea?aeo? no?ee? i?eaooee a?ae nai?? ae?yeueiino?. Oey caaea/a –
iaeneioi iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaia ia noaa?euei?e iniia? /a?ac nenoaio
aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeiai ieaioaaiiy.

Athaeaeaooaaiiy — oea i?ioean ieaioaaiiy iaeaooi?o iia?aoe?e
i?aei?e?inoaa oa ioi?ieaiiy eiai ?acoeueoao?a o aeaeyae? nenoaie
athaeaeao?a.

Athaeaeao i?aei?e?inoaa — oea ieai eiai iaeaooiuei? ae?yeueiino?,
ae?aaeaiee nenoaiith e?euee?nieo ? aa?o?nieo iieaciee?a.

Athaeaeaoiee ia??iae — oea oa?i?i, aeey yeiai i?aeaioiaeaii ? i?ioyaii
yeiai aeei?enoiao?oueny athaeaeao (ye i?aaeei, oea ainiiaea?nueeee ??e,
a iaaeao yeiai iiaeooue aooe aeae?eai? ? i?ii?aei? ia??iaee — i?nyoeue,
eaa?oae oiui) [6,291].

Aieiaiee ci?no athaeaeaooaaiiy caiaeeoueny aei i?aeaeuaiiy
o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? e o?iainiai? no?eeino? i?aei?e?inoaa
oeyoii eii?aeeiaoe?? coneeue an?o i?ae?icae?e?a ia aeinyaiaiiy
e?ioeaaiai, e?euee?nii iaaiiai ?acoeueoaoo. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie
athaeaeaooaaiiy aeicaiey? i?aei?e?inoao:

— neeaaeaoe ?aaeuei? i?iaiice o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?;

— a/anii aeyaeyoe iaea?eueo aocuee? i?noey a ea?oaaii? i?aei?e?inoaii,
aeei?enoiaoth/e ?ino?oiaioe ??ciiiai?oiiai aiae?co;

— oaeaeei i?ae?aooaaoe aeiiii?/i? iane?aeee i?e iiaeeeaeo a?aeoeeaiiyo
a?ae ieaio ca aeiiiiiaith o?iainiaeo iiaeaeae ? i?eeiyoe aoaeoeaia
oi?aae?inueea ??oaiiy;

— neii?aeeioaaoe ?iaioo no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a ? neoaea ia
aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe;

— i?aeaeueoe ea?iaai?noue eiiiai?? ca ?aooiie iia?aoeaiiai a?aenoaaeaiiy
a?aeoeeaiue oaeoo e nai?/aniiai i?eeiyooy ??oaiue.[21,211]

Athaeaeao yaey? niaith ieai, ae?aaeaiee o iaoo?aeueieo ? a?ioiaeo
iaeeieoeyo. A?i neoaeeoue ?ino?oiaioii oi?aae?iiy aeioiaeaie, aeo?aoaie
? e?ea?aei?noth i?aei?e?inoaa.

I?ioean i?aeaioiaee ie?aieo athaeaeao?a ia iniia? ioe?iee iaeaooi?o
?acoeueoao?a iia?aoe?e ca ??cieie aeueoa?iaoeaieie ??oaiiyie io?eiaa
iacao «athaeaeaooaaiiy», yeee ? aeeiai?/iei i?ioeanii ia’?aeiaiiy oe?e?,
ieaio, ??oaiiy aeey ?o aeinyaiaiiy, a oaeiae ioe?ieo ?o aeeiiaiiy.

sse?nia athaeaeaooaaiiy i?eionea? o/anoue o ieaiiaiio i?ioean? aaaaoueio
oao?aoe?a: ia?eaoieia?a, aeiiii?no?a, o?iaineno?a, aooaaeoa??a,
oaoiieia?a, oao?aoe?a a iaeano? iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, ii?ioaaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?
iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a[16,167]

Neeaaeaiiy athaeaeao?a ia? oae? oe?e?:

1. ?ic?iaea eiioeaioe?? aaaeaiiy a?ciano: ieaioaaiiy
o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa ia iaaiee ia??iae;

2. Iioei?caoe?y aeo?ao ? i?eaooeo i?aei?e?inoaa;

3. Eii?aeeiaoe?y — ocaiaeaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? ??cieo i?ae?icae?e?a
i?aei?e?inoaa.

4. Eiioi?eaoe?y — aeiaaaeaiiy ieai?a aei a?aeiiino? ea??aiee?a ??cieo
??ai?a;

5. Iioeaaoe?y ea??aiee?a ia i?noeyo ia aeinyaiaiiy oe?eae i?aai?caoe??;

6. Eiio?ieue e ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe ea??aiee?a ia i?noeyo oeyoii
ii??aiyiiy oaeoe/ieo aeo?ao c ii?iaoeaii;

7. Aeyaeaiiy iio?aa o a?ioiaeo ?ano?nao e iioei?caoe?y o?iainiaeo
iioie?a.

Caaaeaiiy i?ioeano athaeaeaooaaiiy iiaeia ie?aneeoe oae:

— ca?eueoaiiy ii?ioi?iiaaiino? ea??aieoeoaa i?aei?e?inoaa oa ie?aieo
no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a uiaei ciai?oiueiai aeiiii?/iiai na?aaeiaeua,
ine?eueee i?ae /an i?aeaioiaee athaeaeaoo iaiao?aeii c?iaeoe ioe?ieo
iaeaooi?o oiia ae?yeueiino?, aeeth/ath/e aioo??oi? aeo?aoe, a?aenioeia?
noaaee, iiieo ia i?iaeoeoe?th, ??aaiue eiieo?aioe?? oiui;

— iiia?aaeaeaiiy i?i iiaeeea? i?iaeaie a iaeaooiueiio. Iai?eeeaae,
io?eiaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ianoa/o a?ioiaeo eioo?a i?ioyaii iaaiiai
ia??iaeo (iai?eeeaae, e?oi?o i?nyoe?a), aeey caaacia/aiiy iioi/ii?
ae?yeueiino? ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo a?aeiia?aeiiai athaeaeaoo ea??aieoeoai
cacaeaeaa?aeue ia? iiaeeeaino? caiia?aoe iaaaoeaiei oaiaeaioe?yi aai
oeyoii nei?i/aiiy aeo?ao ia oeae ia??iae, aai caeo/eaoe aeiaeaoeiaa
o?iainoaaiiy;

— eii?aeeioaaiiy ae?yeueiino? iaiaaeaea??a ??cieo i?ae?icae?e?a
i?aei?e?inoaa. Oae, neeaaeaiee o ienueiia?e oi?i? athaeaeao iaaea?
?ioi?iaoe?th aee?aeoi?o c ae?iaie/eo ieoaiue o e?euee?niiio oa a?ioiaiio
aei???, ui iaiao?aeii c?iaeoe aeey caaacia/aiiy ??aiy i?iaeaaeo,
anoaiiaeaiiai ia/aeueieeo a?aeae?eo caooo;

— ioe?iea io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Athaeaeaoe i?noyoue ?ioi?iaoe?th ye
i?i i/?eoaai? aeo?aoe eiaeiiai i?ae?icae?eo, oae ? i?i ia?aaeaa/oaaiee
aeione i?iaeoeoe?? oa aeioiaee a?ae ?? ?aae?caoe??. Oiio aiie iathoue
iaai? e?eoa???, c yeeie ne?ae ii??aithaaoe oaeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe
ae?yeueiino?. Ioaea, athaeaeao ? caniaii, ca aeiiiiiaith yeiai iiaeia
ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa (i?ae?icae?eo);

— cae?eniaiiy eiio?ieth. O oiae? i?iaaaeaiiy ?aaoey?ii? ioe?iee
?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? iiaeia aecia/eoe eaiee, aea oaeoe/i? iane?aeee
ae?? ia ca?aathoueny c oei, ui ieaioaaeiny. Oiio iiaeooue aooe nai?/anii
i?eeiyo? caoiaee, ni?yiiaai? ia onoiaiiy oeeo ?ica?aeiinoae, ui
iie?ioeoue iieacieee ?iaioe a oe?eiio ii i?aei?e?inoao [21,212].

Ooieoe?? athaeaeaoo:

— ca?eueoaiiy ii?ioi?iiaaiino? ea??aieoeoaa i?aei?e?inoaa oa ie?aieo
no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a uiaei ciai?oiueiai aeiiii?/iiai na?aaeiaeua,
ine?eueee i?ae /an i?aeaioiaee athaeaeaoo iaiao?aeii c?iaeoe ioe?ieo
iaeaooi?o oiia ae?yeueiino?, aeeth/ath/e aioo??oi? aeo?aoe, a?aenioeia?
noaaee, iiieo ia i?iaeoeoe?th, ??aaiue eiieo?aioe?? oiui;

— iiia?aaeaeaiiy i?i iiaeeea? i?iaeaie a iaeaooiueiio. Iai?eeeaae,
io?eiaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ianoa/o a?ioiaeo eioo?a i?ioyaii iaaiiai
ia??iaeo, aeey caaacia/aiiy iioi/ii? ae?yeueiino? ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo
a?aeiia?aeiiai athaeaeaoo ea??aieoeoai cacaeaeaa?aeue ia? iiaeeeaino?
caiia?aoe iaaaoeaieo oaiaeaioe?e oeyoii aai nei?i/aiiy aeo?ao ia aeaiee
ia??iae, aai caeo/aiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai o?iainoaaiiy;

— eii?aeeioaaiiy ae?yeueiino? iaiaaeaea??a ??cieo i?ae?icae?e?a
i?aei?e?inoaa;

— ioe?iea io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a;

— cae?eniaiiy eiio?ieth. O oiae? i?iaaaeaiiy ?aaoey?ii? ioe?iee
?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? iiaeia aecia/eoe eaiee, aea oaeoe/i? iane?aeee
ae?? ia ca?aathoueny ?c caieaiiaaieie. Oiio iiaeooue aooe nai?/anii
i?eeiyo? caoiaee, ni?yiiaai? ia onoiaiiy oeeo ?ica?aeiinoae, ui
iie?ioeoue iieacieee ?iaioe a oe?eiio ii i?aei?e?inoao [16,168]

Athaeaeaoe ?ic?iaeythoueny ye a oe?eiio aeey i?aei?e?inoaa, oae ? aeey
ie?aieo no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a aai ooieoe?iiaeueieo noa? ae?yeueiino?
noa’?eoa ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Oiio athaeaeaooaaiiy cae/aeii ?icaeyaeathoue
ye aeainoi?iii?e iio?e ?ioi?iaoe??:

— ieco?aeiee — aecia/aiiy oe?eae oa caaaeaiue aeey eiaeiiai i?ae?icae?eo
i?aei?e?inoaa aeoiaey/e ?c caaaeueieo oe?eae;

— aeno?aeiee — ?ioaa?aoe?y athaeaeao?a ie?aieo i?ae?icae?e?a o ?aeeiee
athaeaeao.

Oaeei /eiii, athaeaeaooaaiiy — aeeiai?/iee i?ioean, yeee ia’?aeio?
oe?e?, ieaie, ??oaiiy aeey ?o aeinyaiaiiy, a oaeiae ioe?ieo ?o aeeiiaiiy
(?en. 1.3). A?i ? iaa?ae’?iiith ?enith aoaeoeaiiai o?iainiaiai
ieaioaaiiy, ine?eueee, ca ioe?ieaie cao?aeieo niaoe?ae?no?a,
i?aei?e?inoaa, ui ia neeaaeathoue ??/ieo athaeaeao?a, ao?a/athoue ca ??e
aei 20% nai?o aeioiae?a [21,213]. Athaeaeaooaaiiy aeicaiey? oi?aaeyoe
o?iainaie ye ie?aiiai a?ciano, oae ? i?aei?e?inoaa a oe?eiio,
aecia/ath/e iaa?? aeae?a a?ciano, no?iee e iai?yiee ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? e
o. i.

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00009001000000cc0440001254696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000000000000000000
0000000000000000040000002d0100000400000002010100050000000902000000020d00
0000320a5900000001000400000000009a107f0820fe2d001c000000fb02100007000000
0000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d000000000000000000001800000001000000
68849b08e3040000040000002d01010003000000000023

?en 1.3 I?aai?caoe?ei? aniaeoe i?ioeano athaeaeaooaaiiy

Athaeaeaoe eeaneo?eothoueny ca iciaeaie, ye? i?eaaaeai? ia ?en. 1.1

picscalex1410100090000037800000002001c0000000000040000000301080005000000
0b0200000000050000000c0262109f10040000002e0118001c000000fb02100007000000
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68849b080c020000040000002d01000004000000020101001c000000fb029cff00000000
00009001000000cc0440001254696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000000000000000000
0000000000000000040000002d010100050000000902000000020d000000320a5a000000
01000400000000009a10681020fe2d00040000002d01000003000000000023

?en. 1.1 Eeaneo?eaoe?y athaeaeao?a

Ooieoe?iiaeuei? athaeaeaoe – ie?ai? neeaaeia? caaaeaiiai athaeaeaoo, ye?
noinothoueny a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ie?aiiai iaiaaeaea?a.

Caaaeaiee athaeaeao – ocaaaeueithth/ee ieai ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa, yeee
a?aeia?aaeo? iaeaooi? iia?aoe?? an?o eiai i?ae?icae?e?a i?ioyaii
athaeaeaoiiai ia??iaeo. Eiai oi?iao caeaaeeoue a?ae ?ici??o
i?aei?e?inoaa oa oa?aeoa?o ae?yeueiino?.

Iia?aoe?ei? athaeaeaoe – a iia?aoe?eiiio athaeaeao? ainiiaea?nueea
ae?yeuei?noue i?aai?caoe?? a?aeaeaa?oueny /a?ac nenoaio niaoe?aeueieo
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ie?ai? noi?iie ?
noaae?? ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?.

O?iainia? athaeaeaoe – o iaea?eueo caaaeueiiio aeae? o?iainiaee
athaeaeao yaey? niaith aaeain aeioiae?a ? aeo?ao i?aai?caoe??. O iueiio
e?euee?ni? ioe?iee aeioiae?a ? aeo?ao, ui i?eaiaeyoueny a iia?aoe?eiiio
athaeaeao?, o?ainoi?iothoueny a a?ioia?. Eiai iniiaiith iaoith ?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/oaaieo aeaea?ae iaaeoiaeaeaiiy o?iainiaeo eioo?a
? iai?yie?a ?oiueiai aeei?enoaiiy.

Athaeaeao eai?oaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?e – a?aeia?aaeo? iio?aae i?aei?e?inoaa
o eai?oaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?yo (iiaea?i?caoe?y ?nioth/eo oa noai?aiiy iiaeo
cania?a i?aoe?) ? aaee/eio eioo?a, iaiao?aeieo aeey ?o cae?eniaiiy,
ioiieth? ieaie ?iaanoeoe?e a iniiai? caniae aai aeiaeaoeia? ae?iaie/?
e?i??.

Ei?ioeino?ieia? – caaea?oueny aeeiai?ea ? ?eoi?/i?noue ?iaioe
i?aei?e?inoaa. Oae? ieaie ?ic?iaeythoueny ia iniia? caoaa?aeaeaieo
i?ia?ai, iathoue aocueeo ni?yiiaai?noue, aenieee nooi?iue aeaoae?caoe??
? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeei?enoaiiyi ??cieo i?eeii?a ? iaoiae?a i?e
?oiueiio ia??oiooaaii?.

Aeiaaino?ieia? – ?ic?iaey?oueny eiioeaioe?y ia?niaeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo
i?aei?e?inoaa. Aiia ia?ane?aeo? aeinyaiaiiy no?aoaa?/ieo oe?eae eiai
?nioaaiiy: Ii eiaeiiio c oeeo iai?yie?a aecia/athoue, o ye? oa?i?ie
iiaeii? aooe aeinyaioo? o? aai ?io? oe?e?, ui aeey oeueiai iio??aii
c?iaeoe ? ooi iana a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ??oaiiy o??? aai ?ioi?
i?iaeaie.

Noaoe/iee – athaeaeao, yeee a?aeia?aaeo? iaeaooi? iia?aoe?? ia /?oei
aecia/aiee oa?i?i ? ??aaiue ae?yeueiino?.

Aio/eee athaeaeao – o aio/eiio athaeaeao? ia?aaeaa/a?oueny e?eueea
aeueoa?iaoeaieo aa??aio?a ianyao ?aae?caoe??. A?i a?aoiao? ci?io aeo?ao
? aeioiae?a o caeaaeiino? a?ae ci?ie ??aiy i?iaeaae?a ? yaey?, niaith
aeeiai?/io aaco aeey ii??aiyiiy aeinyaiooeo ?acoeueoao?a ?c
caieaiiaaieie iieacieeaie. Aio/eee athaeaeao aeeth/a? aeioiaee i
aeo?aoe, nei?aeoiaai? ia oaeoe/iee ianya i?iaeaae?a.

Aacia?a?aiee – i?e neeaaeaii? oaeeo athaeaeao?a iiaeiaaeo?oueny /aniaee
ai?eciio ieaioaaiiy o i??o cae?i/aiiy ca?oieo ia??iae?a. I?ioyaii
aeeiiaiiy athaeaeaoo o ca?oiiio i?nyoe? (eaa?oae?) iia? athaeaeaoe ia
i?nyoeue iino?eii aeiaeathoueny aei ?nioth/iai athaeaeaoo i?ney eiai
cae?i/aiiy oae, uia eiaeiiai ?aco aoa iayaiee athaeaeao, neeaaeaiee ia
??e.

Ui??/iee – athaeaeao, yeee neeaaea?oueny ? a?aeia?aaea? iaeaooi?
iia?aoe?? no?ieii ia iaeei ??e.

An? athaeaeaoe ia i?aei?e?inoa? i?aeii?yaeeiaai? caaaeaiiio athaeaeaoo,
yeee neeaaea?oueny ?c ooieoe?iiaeueieo iia?aoe?eieo neeaaeiaeo (?en.
1.2) [16,169].

picscalex1410100090000037800000002001c0000000000040000000301080005000000
0b0200000000050000000c025d099f10040000002e0118001c000000fb02100007000000
0000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00099f1000006cdb0000fc5b110004ee8339
68849b080c020000040000002d01000004000000020101001c000000fb029cff00000000
00009001000000cc0440001254696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000000000000000000
0000000000000000040000002d010100050000000902000000020d000000320a5a000000
01000400000000009a10600920fe2d00040000002d01000003000000000023

?en. 1.2. Iniiai? neeaaeia? caaaeaiiai athaeaeaoo

Ia a?aei?io a?ae o?iainiai? ca?oiino?, oi?ie athaeaeao?a
ianoaiaea?oeciaai?. ?o no?oeoo?a caeaaeeoue a?ae ia’?eoa ieaioaaiiy,
?ici??o i?aai?caoe?? e nooiaiy eaae?o?eaoe?? ?ic?iaethaa/?a[21,216]

?ICAe?E 2. OA?AEOA?ENOEEA Ae?ssEUeIINO? AEOe?IIA?IIAI OIAA?ENOAA ?
I?AAI?CAOe?ss IAE?EO IA I?AeI?EAINOA?, CA IAOA??AEAIE ssEIAI AEEIIAIA
?IAIOA

A?aeiniaeaiee no?oeoo?iee i?ae?icae?e «Aoaeaa??nueea oaieiaa aeaeo?e/ia
noaioe?y A?aee?eoiai aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa «Aea?aeaaia
aia?aiaaia?oth/a eiiiai?y «Oeaio?aia?ai», (nei?i/aii — Aoaeaa??nueea OYN
AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai») aoiaeeoue aei neeaaeo A?aee?eoiai aeoe?iia?iiai
oiaa?enoaa «Aea?aeaaia aia?aiaaia?oth/a eiiiai?y «Oeaio?aia?ai», yea
noai?aia ca?aeii iaeaco I?i?noa?noaa aia?aaoeee ? aeaeo?eo?eaoe??
Oe?a?ie a?ae 31 na?iiy 1995 ?ieo ?174 oeyoii ei?ii?aoecaoe??
Aea?aeaaiiai i?aei?e?inoaa «Oeaio?aia?ai».

Ea??aieoeoai Oaieiaith aeaeo?inoaioe??th cae?enith? Aee?aeoi?, a?i
i?ecia/a?oueny ia iinaaeo Aieiaith Oi?aae?iiy — Aaia?aeueiei aee?aeoi?ii
AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai».

Aee?aeoi? Oaieiai? aeaeo?inoaioe?? naiino?eii ae??oo? ieoaiiy
ae?yeueiino? Oaieiai? Aeaeo?inoaioe?? ca aeiyoeii oeo, ye? a?aeianai?
Noaoooii aei eiiiaoaioe?? AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai» ? ?ioeo i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy
aeaiiai i?aei?e?inoaa.

Oaieiaa aeaeo?inoaioe?y ia ? th?eaee/iith iniaith, a a?aeiniaeaiei
no?oeoo?iei i?ae?icae?eii AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai». Cae?enith? naith
ae?yeuei?noue a?aeiia?aeii /eiiiio caeiiiaeaanoao Oe?a?ie, Noaoooo AAO
«Oeaio?aia?ai».

Oaieiaa aeaeo?inoaioe?y noai?aia c iaoith ae?iaieoeoaa aeaeo?e/ii? ?
oaieiai? aia?a?? ? io?eiaiiy a?aeiia?aeiiai i?eaooeo AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai».

A?ae ?iai? AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai» ia? i?aai oeeaaeaoe oaiaee (eiio?aeoe),
aeaeaaaoe aei?o/aiiy ? ooai?thaaoe eii?n??, iaaoaaoe iaeiiaeo ?
iaiaeiiaeo i?aa, ianoe a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, aooe iiceaa/ai ?
a?aeiia?aea/ai a noae?, o?aoaenueeiio noae? ? ainiiaea?nueeiio noae?.

Oaieiaa aeaeo?inoaioe?y ia? i?aai caeaaaoe a i?aiaeo ? e?ceia (ie??i
oe?e?nieo iaeiiaeo eiiieaen?a) i?aei?e?inoaai, i?aai?caoe?yi ?
onoaiiaai, a oaeiae a?iiaaeyiai oaeiia, iaaeee? ? aeeoeia? i?ei?uaiiy,
nii?oaee, onoaoeoaaiiy, o?ainii?oi? caniae, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny a iiaiiio
ainiiaea?nueeiio ?icii?yaeaeaii? Oaieiai? aeaeo?inoaioe??. A oaeiae
nienoaaoe ?o c aaeaino a?aeiia?aeii /eiiiio caeiiiaeaanoao, ca oaiaeith
AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai».

Aeaia i?aei?e?inoai cae?enith? aieiae?iiy, ei?enooaaiiy caieath ? ?ioeie
i?e?iaeieie ?ano?naie a?aeiia?aeii iao? nai?? ae?yeueiino? ? /eiiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa.

Oaieiaa aeaeo?inoaioe?y ia? iacaaa?oaiee aaeain, iioi/i? oa ?io? ?aooiee
a aaieao, ae?oe ? ooaiie c nai?i iaeiaioaaiiyi, aaaea eania? iia?aoe??,
aooaaeoa?nueeee iae?e, neeaaea? ? iiaea? noaoenoe/io ?ioi?iaoe?th ?
aaei?i?no?aoeai? aeai? a ii?yaeeo, anoaiiaeaiiio caeiiiaeaanoaii, ?
ieaoieeii iiaeaoe?a ii i?noeth nai?? ?a?no?aoe?? (ie??i iiaeaoeo ia
i?eaooie ? IAeA) a?aeiia?aeii aei /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.

Oaieiaa aeaeo?inoaioe?y aecia/a? iniiai? iai?yie naiai ?icaeoeo ? ieaio?
naith iioi/io ae?yeuei?noue a?aeiia?aeii iao? ? iniiaieo iai?yi?a
ae?yeueiino? AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai», ??oaiue i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy AAO
«Oeaio?aia?ai», aaeocaaeo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?iaiic?a ? i??i?eoao?a,
eii’thieoo?e ?eieo i?iaeoeoe??, oiaa??a ? iineoa, aeiiii?/iiai noaio ?
?acoeueoao?a ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai».

Oaieiaa aeaeo?inoaioe?y iana a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca iacaaeia?eueia
aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae uiaei caaacia/aiiy, caoenoo
i?aoe?aiee?a a oiiaao iaaecae/aeieo ianoaaei ie?iiai ? a?enueeiaiai
/an?a, a oaeiae a ??oaii? caaea/ oeea?eueii? iai?iie, iia’ycaieo c
ina?oith, ooieoe?iioaaiiyi i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy ? iaai?i?ciaaieo
oi?ioaaiue oeea?eueii? iai?iie.

Oaieiaa aeaeo?inoaioe?y aeeiio? ii?ie ? aeiiae uiaei noaio
iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua, ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?
a?aeoai?aiiy i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a ? caaacia/aiiy aeieia?/ii? aaciaee.

Oaieiaa aeaeo?inoaioe?y ia? i?aai cae?enithaaoe cie?aia:

— ?aae?ciaoaaoe i?iaeoeoe?th, oiaa?e, ? iineoae, caeeoee a?ae
ae?iaieoeoaa (ie??i aeaeo?iaia?a??):

— i?aai?ciaoaaoe ?iaioo ii ia?aaea/? ia’?eo?a aea?aeaaii? aeaniino?, ye?
ciaoiaeyoueny ia aaeain? Oaieiai? aeaeo?inoaioe?? aei eiioiaeueii?
aeaniino?;

— cae?enithaaoe ae?iaieoeoai ? ?aae?caoe?th i?iaeoeoe?? a?iiaaenueeiai
oa?/oaaiiy /a?ac iaeaaei? ?e ia’?eoe a?iiaaenueeiai oa?/oaaiiy ?
oi?a?ae?;

— eoioaaoe o ae?iaiee?a ? iinoa/aeueiee?a oiaa?e, ? ?aae?ciaoaaoe ?o
/a?ac iaeaaei? ?e ia’?eoe oi?a?ae?;

— cae?enithaaoe i?aeaioiaeo ? i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a
noaioe?? ? i?aoe?aiee?a ?ioeo i?aei?e?inoa, onoaiia ? i?aai?caoe?e.

Iaia’ycee:

— aeeiioaaoe oeeaaeai? a?ae ?iai? AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai» aeiaiai?e,
eiio?aeoe, aea?aeaai? caiiaeaiiy, ? ?io? aeiaia??i? ciaia’ycaiiy;

— caaacia/oaaoe aioiai?noue iniauaiiy aei ?iaioe ia ieae/a ca
ii?iaoeaiee ??aaiue;

— caaacia/oaaoe nai?/ania ia?aooaaiiy, nieaoo iiaeaoe?a, a?ae?aooaaiue
? a?aeia?aaeaoe ?o iae?eo ca?aeii /eiiiio caeiiiaeaanoao;

— cae?enithaaoe ca iiaiaeaeaiiyi AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai» aoae?aieoeoai,
?aeiino?oeoe?th, a oaeiae eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio iniiaieo oiiae?a;

— caaacia/oaaoe ae?iaieoeoai ? iinoa/aiiy i?iaeoeoe??, oiaa??a,
aeeiioaaoe aeeniao/a?nuee?e a?ao?e;

— cae?enithaaoe iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa;

— noai?thaaoe iaeaaei? oiiae aeey aenieii?iaeoeoeaii? ?iaioe,
aeio?eiaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i ?iaioo, i?aaeea ? ii?ie ioi?iie ?iaioe,
oaoi?ee aaciaee, nioe?aeueiiai no?aooaaiiy, ? o.i.

Iniiaiei ocaaaeueiaiei iieacieeii ae?iaie/i? ? ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino? Oaieiai? aeaeo?inoaioe?? ? i?eaooie, yeee oi?io?oueny AAO
«Oeaio?aia?ai» ? ?iciiae?ey?oueny i?ae no?oeoo?ieie i?ae?icae?eaie
a?aeiia?aeii iieacieeai o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?.

Aeaea?aeii o?iainoaaiiy iieaoe i?aoe? i?aoe?aiee?a Oaieiai?
aeaeo?inoaioe?? ? iai?ioi? eiooe AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai».

Aeaea?aeii oi?ioaaiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a Oaieiai? aeaeo?inoaioe?? ?
i?eaooie Eiiiai??, aii?oecaoe?ei? a?ae?aooaaiiy, aianee i?aei?e?inoaa,
i?aai?caoe?? ? ?io? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy, aeeth/ath/e oeaio?ae?ciaai?
eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy ? e?aaeeoe.

A?aeiineie Oaieiai? aeaeo?inoaioe?? c ?ioeie i?aei?e?inoaaie,
i?aai?caoe?yie ? onoaiiaaie ? a?iiaaeyiaie o an?o noa?ao ae?iaie/i?
ae?yeueiino? cae?eniththoueny ia iniia? aeiaiai??a.

Ieoaiiy nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo, aeeth/ath/e iie?ioaiiy oiia ?iaioe,
aeeooy ? caei?ia’y, aa?aio?? iaia’yceiaiai iaaee/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai
no?aooaaiiy /eai?a o?oaeiaiai eieaeoeao ? ?o n?iae ?ica’ycothoueny
a?aeiia?aeii aei /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa ? eieaeoeaiiai aeiaiai?o.

?aaoethaaiiy oa?eo?a ia oaieiao aia?a?th cae?enith? iaeania aea?aeaaia
aaei?i?no?aoe?y.

Eiio?ieue ca ae?yeuei?noth Oaieiai? aeaeo?inoaioe??, aeio?eiaiiy ii?i
caeiiiaeaanoaa, caa?aaeaiiy iaeia, aeei?enoaiiy o?iainiaiai caniao
cae?enith? AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai» ? ?io? eiio?iethth/? i?aaie o iaaeao nai??
eiiiaoaioe??.

Eiiieaenia ?aa?c?y i?iaiaeeoueny 1 ?ac ia ??e.

Ia?aa??ea o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? Oaieiai?
aeaeo?inoaioe?? cae?enith?oueny ca?aeii /eiiiio caeiiiaeaanoao Oe?a?ie ?
ca?aeii a?ao?eo i?iaaaeaiiy ?aa?c?e.

A?aeiia?aeii /eiiiio caeiiiaeaanoao ia?aa??eo ie?aieo ieoaiue
ae?yeueiino? oiiaiiaaaeai? c?iaeoe i?aaie oi?aae?iiy Eiiiai?? a ?aieao
nai?? eiiiaoaioe?? ii ?icii?yaeaeaiith Aaia?aeueiiai aee?aeoi?a AAO
«Oeaio?aia?ai».

Iaeii Oaieiai? aeaeo?inoaioe?? neeaaeathoue iniiai? oiiaee, ? iai?ioi?
eiooe, a oaeiae oe?iiino?, aa?o?noue yeeo a?aeia?aaea?oueny a
aooaaeoa?nueeiio iae?eo.

Iaeii Oaieiai? aeaeo?inoaioe?? c aeani?noth AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai» ?
cae??ieth?oueny ca iath ia i?aa? iiaiiai ainiiaea?nueeiai aaaeaiiy.
Oaieiaa aeaeo?inoaioe?y aieiae??, ei?enoo?oueny, ?icii?yaeaea?oueny
aeacaiei iaeiii ca aei?o/aiiyi AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai».

Aeaea?aeii oi?ioaaiiy iaeia Oaieiai? aeaeo?inoaioe?? ?:

— iaeii, yea ia?aaeaia caniiaieeii;

— aeioiaee iaea?aeai? a?ae ?aae?caoe??, a oaeiae a?ae ?ioeo aeae?a
o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?;

— e?aaeeoe aaie?a ? ?ioeo e?aaeeoi??a:

— eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy ? aeioaoe?? c athaeaeao?a;

— aaca?aeieaoi? ? aeia?iae?ei? aianee, iiaea?oaoaaiiy i?aai?caoe?e,
i?aei?e?inoa ? a?iiaaeyi;

— i?eaeaaiiy iaeia ?ioiai i?aei?e?inoaa, i?aai?caoe??;

— i?eaeaaiiy ?ioiai iaeia ? oe?iieo iaia??a, i?eaeaaieo ia i?aenoaaao,
ia caai?iiaieo caeiiiaeaanoaii;

A?ae/oaeaiiy, e?ea?aeaoe?y cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa, nii?oae, onoaoeoaaiiy,
ia’?eo?a nioe?aeueii? noa?e, o?ainii?oieo cania?a ? ?ioiai iaeia, yea
ciaoiaeeoueny a iiaiiio ainiiaea?nueeiio aaaeaii? Oaieiai?
aeaeo?inoaioe??, cae?enith?oueny ca iiaiaeaeaiiyi AAO
«Oeaio?aia?ai».[5,2]

Uiaei i?aai?caoe?? aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo:

Aieiaiee aooaaeoa? Oaieiai? aeaeo?inoaioe?? i?aai?ciao? eiio?ieue ?
caaacia/o? nai?/ania a?aeia?aaeaiiy a aooaaeoa?nueeiio ? iiaeaoeiaiio
iae?eo an?o ainiiaea?nueeeo iia?aoe?e, nai?/ania neeaaeaiiy ?
i?aaenoaaeaiiy aooaaeoa?nueei? ? iiaeaoeiai? ca?oiino?, a?aeiia?aeii aei
/eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa ? aioo??oi?o ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a eiiiai??.

Aaaeaiiy aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo ? neeaaeaiiy o?iainiai? ca?oiino? a
no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?eao noni?euenoaa cae?enith? aooaaeoa??y o aeaa? c
aieiaiei aooaaeoa?ii. Aaaeaiiy aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo aeeiiaa/i?
aee?aeoe?? ? neeaaeaiiy caaaeaii? o?iainiai? ca?oiino? ii noni?euenoao
cae?enith? aooaaeoa??y aeeiiaa/i? aee?aeoe?? o aeaa? c aieiaiei
aooaaeoa?ii AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai».

?en. 2.1. I?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a aooaaeoa??? ia i?aei?e?inoa?
«Aoaeaa??nueea» OAN AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai»

Ae?yeuei?noue aooaaeoa??? ?aaeaiaioiaaia «Iieiaeaiiyi i?i
aooaaeoa??th»», yea caoaa?aeaeo?oueny ea??aieeii no?oeoo?iiai
i?ae?icae?eo. A?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca i?aai?caoe?th aooaaeoa?nueeiai
iae?eo, caaacia/aiiy a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ia?aeiieo aeieoiaioao oaeo?a
cae?eniaiiy an?o ainiiaea?nueeeo iia?aoe?e, caa?aaeaiiy ia?iaeaieo
aeieoiaio?a, ?aa?no??a ? ca?oiino? ai?iaeiaae anoaiiaeaiiai oa?i?io a
no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?eao iieeaaeaia ia ea??aiee?a no?oeoo?ieo
i?ae?icae?e?a AAO «Oeaio?aia?ai».

I?aai?caoe?y iiaeaoeiaiai iae?eo:

— aaaeaiiy aeo?ao ia iioi/iee ? eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio iniiaieo cania?a
a?aeiia?aeii aei Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooeo
i?aei?e?inoa»;

— aaaeaiiy iae?eo aaeiaeo aeioiae?a ? aeo?ao ii no?oeoo?ieo
i?ae?icae?eao ia i?aenoaa? ia?aeiieo aeieoiaio?a ? iaaeaiiy aeaeea?aoe?e
aeeiiaa/i? aee?aeoe?? aeey neeaaeaiiy eiinie?aeiaaii? aeaeea?aoe?? i?i
iiaeaoie ia i?eaooie;

— aecia/aiiy i?e?inoo aaeainiai? aa?oino? caian?a, iaoa??ae?a, ne?iaeie,
eiiieaeooth/eo ae?ia?a ? iai?aoaa?eeao?a (ie??i aoa?eey ? iacoo) ca
i?aenoieaie ca?oiiai eaa?oaeo. I?e??no (niaae) aa?oino? aoa?eey ? iacoo
— ca i?aenoieaie ca?oiiai ?ieo;

— ia?aooaaiiy ciino c iaoith iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?iaiaeeoeny a?aeiia?aeii
aei Caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooeo i?aei?e?inoa»;

— aaaeaiiy iae?eo iiaeaoeiaeo ciaia’ycaiue ? iiaeaoeiaiai e?aaeeoo ii
iiaeaoeo ia aeiaeaio aa?o?noue ii no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?eao ia iniia?
ia?aeiieo aeieoiaio?a ? iiaeaoeiaeo iaeeaaeieo. Iaaeaiiy aeaeea?aoe?e
aeeiiaa/i? aee?aeoe?? aeey neeaaeaiiy caaaeueii? aeaeea?aoe?? i?i IAeA.

Uiaei oi?aae?inueeiai iae?eo, oi a iaeac? «I?i i?aai?caoe?th
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo oa iae?eiao iie?oeeo» a?i ia ?aaeaiaioiaaiee.
Aea ia i?aei?e?inoa? ie?ai? aeaiaioe aeaiiai iae?eo cono??/athoueny.

Ia’?eoii o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy ? aeioiaee ? iaeiie/aiiy, ?o oi?ioaaiiy
? ?iciiae?e, oiiaee a?ioiaeo eioo?a, ?o oi?ioaaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy,
eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy ? iai?ioi? aeoeae, ieaioaaiiy ?o ia’?i?a ?
aeaea?aeii o?iainoaaiiy, aecia/aiiy aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy nioe?aeueii? ?
eoeueoo?ii-iiaooiai? noa? i?aei?e?inoaa.

Iniiaieie caaaeaiiyie o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy ?:

— aecia/aiiy aeaea?ae ? ia’?io o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a a?aeiia?aeii aei
iio?aa i?aei?e?inoaa;

— aeyaeaiiy ?aca?a?a ca?eueoaiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a;

— ?aoe?iiaeueiee ?iciiae?e iaea?aeoaaieo aeioiae?a ? iaeiie/aiue ii
eaiaeao ?o aeei?enoaiiy;

— cae?eniaiiy o?iainiaiai eiio?ieth ca oi?ioaaiiyi ? aeei?enoaiiyi
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a ? a?ioiaeo eioo?a;

— caaacia/aiiy iineeaiiy ?ie? o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy a oi?aae?ii?
ae?iaieoeoaii ? i?aeaeuaii? eiai aoaeoeaiino?.

Iniiaieie noaae?yie o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy ?:

— aiae?c iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ? aeo?a/aiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a ii ?o aeaeao ?
a oe?eiio ca iiia?aaei?e ca?oiee ia??iae;

— neeaaeaiiy i?iaeoo o?iainiaiai ieaio ia ieaiiaaiee ??e;

— ?icaeyae ? caoaa?aeaeaiiy o?iainiaeo ieai?a;

— aeeiiaiiy o?iainiaeo ieai?a.

Iniiaieie iaoiaeaie o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy ?: iaoiae eiao?oe??io?a;
ii?iaoeaiee iaoiae; aaeainiaee iaoiae.

Iaoiae eiao?oe??io?a ia?aaeaa/a? ci?io ieaiiaaieo o?iainiaeo iieaciee?a
ia iaaio /anoeo (eiao?oe??io), aeoiaey/e c ??aiy ?o aeeiiaiiy a
iiia?aaeiueiio ca?oiiio ia??iae?.

Ii?iaoeaiee iaoiae ia?aaeaa/a? ?ic?aooiie o?iainiaeo iieaciee?a ia
iniia? anoaiiaeaieo ii?i.

Aaeainiaee iaoiae ia?aaeaa/a? oa’yceo an?o aeo?ao c aeaea?aeaie ?o
o?iainoaaiiy.

A i?ioean? o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy neeaaeathoueny ??ci? o?iainia?
?ic?aooiee, oaaeeoe?, a yeeo aecia/athoueny ?acoeueoaoe a?ae i?iaeaaeo
i?iaeoeoe??, ?ia?o ? iineoa, i?iaiaeeoueny ?iciiae?e aeyaeaieo
?acoeueoao?a, ?ic?aoiaothoueny ii?iaoeae aeanieo iai?ioieo aeoea?a ?
aeaea?aea ?o iie?eooy, aecia/athoueny ia’?ie aeo?ao ? aeaea?ae ?o
iie?eooy ii eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiiyo ? o.ae.

Caaa?oaeueiei aoaiii o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy ? neeaaeaiiy caaaeaii?
oaaeeoe? — o?iainiaiai ieaio (aaeaino aeioiae?a ? aeo?ao) i?aei?e?inoaa.

Cae?enithaaia ia i?aei?e?inoaao ieaioaaiiy ae?iaie/i-o?iainiai?
ae?yeueiino? ia?aaeaa/a? neeaaeaiiy ye ae?iaie/iai, oae ? o?iainiaiai
ieai?a. O?iainiaee ieai ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith a?cian-ieaio
i?aei?e?inoaa. A?i ? oaaeeoeath, a ye?e a?aeia?aaeathoueny ia’?ie
iaaeoiaeaeaiue ? iai?yio aeei?enoaiiy o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoaa
a ieaiiaaiiio ?ioe?.

?ICAe?E 3. II?ssAeIE NEEAAeAIIss ? OOAAEAIIss IEAI?A

?ic?iaea ? ?aae?caoe?y caaaeaiiai athaeaeaoo neeaaeiee i?ioean, ui
neeaaea?oueny ?c aeae?eueeio noaae?e (?en. 3.1).

picscalex1360100090000037800000002001c0000000000040000000301080005000000
0b0200000000050000000c020b0e0910040000002e0118001c000000fb02100007000000
0000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d000e091000006cdb0000fc5b110004ee8339
68849b080c020000040000002d01000004000000020101001c000000fb029cff00000000
00009001000000cc0440001254696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000000000000000000
0000000000000000040000002d010100050000000902000000020d000000320a5a000000
01000400000000000410100e20fe2d00040000002d01000003000000000023

?en. 3.1. Noaia ?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe?? athaeaeaoo

?ic?iaeaii aeaa iaoiaee neeaaeaiiy athaeaeao?a: /a?ac i?e??no ? «c
ioey».

Athaeaeaooaaiiy /a?ac i?e??no — oea neeaaeaiiy athaeaeao?a ia iniia?
oaeoe/ieo aeaieo, aeinyaiooeo o iiia?aaei? ia??iaee. I?e oaeiio
i?aeoiae? oaeoe/i? iieacieee iiia?aaeiueiai ia??iaeo ei?aeoothoueny c
o?aooaaiiyi oe?iiai? ? iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee aea?aeaae.

Ia?aaaaith oeueiai iaoiaeo ? i?inoioa, oiio a?i ciaeoia oe?iea i?aeoe/ia
canoinoaaiiy.

Athaeaeaooaaiiy «c ioey» — oea iaoiae, i?e yeiio iaiaaeaea?e ui?ac
iiaeii? ia??oioiaoaaoe caieaiiaai? aeo?aoe oae, yeae ae?yeuei?noue
a?aeaoaaeanue oia?oa.

Oeae iaoiae aeiaaa? a?ae eiaeiiai athaeaeaoiiai oeaio?a aeaoaeueiiai
aiae?co ae?yeueiino? aeey aeyaeaiiy iaaoaeoeaieo iia?aoe?e ? aeai?o
aea?aeieo iai?yie?a aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a.

?ic?iaea iia?aoe?eiiai athaeaeaoo ii/eia?oueny, cacae/ae, c? neeaaeaiiy
ieaio i?iaeaae?a. Oea ca’ycaii c oei, ui a?ae aaee/eie e aa?oino?
?aae?caoe?? aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeaoue an? ?io? aeiiii?/i? iieacieee
i?aai?caoe??: ianya ae?iaieoeoaa, nia?aa?o?noue, i?eaooie ? ?i.

Athaeaeao i?iaeaae?a oi?io?oueny ye «caa?oo aiec» ia aac? no?aoaa?/iiai
ieaioaaiiy (iai?eeeaae, aeoiaey/e c ?ieino? ?eieo, /anoee ia ?eieo), oae
? «cieco iaai?o», aeoiaey/e ?c iiieoo ie?aieo ee??io?a ia i?iaeoeoe?th.
Athaeaeao i?iaeaae neeaaea?oueny ia i?aenoaa? i?iaiico aenia?o?a
(niaoe?ae?no?a — ia?eaoieia?a) i?i iiaeeea? ianyae ?aae?caoe?? oa
??aaiue oe?i o ianooiiiio athaeaeaoiiio ia??iae?. A?i aeeth/a? ianya
i?iaeaaeo ca aeaeaie i?iaeoeoe??, oe?io i?iaeaaeo, aeioiae a?ae
?aae?caoe?? (oaae. 3.1).

Oaae. 3.1 Athaeaeao i?iaeaae

IieacieeCa ??eIanya i?iaeaaeo, iae.2 647 058 824Oe?ia ?aae?caoe?? ca
iaeeieoeth, a?i.0,204Aeioiae a?ae i?iaeaaeo, a?i.540 000 000

I?ney anoaiiaeaiiy ieaiiaaiiai ianyao i?iaeaae?a ?ic?iaey?oueny
ae?iaie/ee athaeaeao, yeee ? ieaiii aeioneo i?iaeoeoe?? a iaoo?aeueieo
iaeeieoeyo ia athaeaeaoiee ia??iae. A?i aecia/a? ianya ?ano?n?a,
iaiao?aeieo aeey caaacia/aiiy aacia?aa?eiiai i?ioeano aeaioiaeaiiy
i?iaeoeoe?? a?aeiia?aeii aei caieaiiaaiiai ianyao ?? i?iaeaaeo, Aeey
oi?ioaaiiy oeueiai athaeaeaoo iaiao?aeii anoaiiaeoe iie?oeeo uiaei
ae?iaie/eo caian?a, ?ic?aooaaoe ianya ae?iaieoeoaa ca eiaeiith
iiceoe??th ia athaeaeaoiee ia??iae oa ?ic?iaeoe a?ao?e ae?iaieoeoaa ia
i?ii?aei? ?ioa?aaee /ano.

Athaeaeao ae?iaieoeoaa oi?io?oueny ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo athaeaeaoo
i?iaeaaeo c o?aooaaiiyi ci?ie caeeoe?a aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ca oi?ioeith:

Iaiao?aeiee ianya ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??=Caieaiiaaiee ianya i?iaeaaeo
ca ia??iae a iaeeieoeyo+Caeeoee aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ia e?iaoeue
ia??iaeo-Caeeoee aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ia ii/aoie ia??iaeo

Oaae. 3.2 Athaeaeao ae?iaieoeoaa

IieacieeCa ??eIanya i?iaeaaeo, iae.2 647 058 824Caiane aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe??:

— ia ii/aoie ia??iaeo

— ia e?iaoeue ia??iaeo

5000

10000Ianya ae?iaieoeoaa, iae.2 647 063 824

Aeyaeaiiy ?ica?aeiinoae i?ae i?iaiicii i?iaeaaeo ? ae?iaie/eie
iiaeeeainoyie i?aei?e?inoaa aea? ciiao cacaeaeaa?aeue aaeeoe
a?aeiia?aei? ei?eaoth/e caoiaee. O oaeee niin?a iiaeia oieeiooe
iiaeeeaeo ao?ao, eiee ??aaiue ae?iaieoeoaa ia aea? ciiae ?aae?coaaoe
caieaiiaaio e?euee?noue i?iaeoeoe??.

Athaeaeao ae?iaieoeoaa neeaaeathoue aeey eiaeiiai aeaeo i?iaeoeoe??.

Caieaiiaai? ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa o?aaa ocaiaeeoe c ae?iaie/eie
iiaeeeainoyie (iiooaeiinoyie) i?ae?icae?e?a.

Athaeaeao ae?iaieoeoaa ? i?aenoaaith aeey neeaaeaiiy ?ioeo iia?aoe?eieo
athaeaeao?a, iia’ycaieo c ieaioaaiiyi aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai.

Athaeaeao aeo?a/aiiy (aeei?enoaiiy) iaoa??ae?a ia?aaeaa/a? neeaae ?
e?euee?noue iaoa??ae?a, iaiao?aeieo aeey aeeiiaiiy ae?iaie/i? i?ia?aie.
Ii?ie aeo?ao iaoa??ae?a ca ?o aeaeaie aecia/athoue ?iaeaia?e-oaoiieiae,
a oe?io — i?aoe?aieee a?aeae?eo iinoa/aiiy, a?aoiaoth/e aeo?aoe ia ?o
caaio?aeth ? o?ainii?ooaaiiy. Nai athaeaeao neeaaea?oueny ca oaeith ae
oi?iith, ye ? athaeaeao ae?iaieoeoaa, aea a ?ic??c? aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??
oa iniiaieo aeae?a iaoa??ae?a (oaae.3.3)

Oaae. 3.3 Athaeaeao aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??ae?a

IieacieeCa ??eIanya ae?iaieoeoaa, iae.2 647 063 824Aeo?aoe ia iaeeieoeth
i?iaeoeoe??, ea0,37Caaaeuei? aeo?aoe iaoa??ae?a, ea979 412 614,7Oe?ia ca
1 ea iaoa??ae?a0,52I?yi? iaoa??aeuei? aeo?aoe ia ae?iaieoeoai
i?iaeoeoe??, a?i.509 295 019,6Athaeaeao i?yieo iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao
iieaco? iaiao?aeio iio?aao ne?iaeie ? ?ioeo ae?iaie/eo caian?a aeey
aeaioiaeaiiy caieaiiaaiiai ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??. Aiaeii/an c
iei neeaaea?oueny athaeaeao caeoiee ae?iaie/eo caian?a. Aeey aecia/aiiy
e?eueeino? iaoa??ae?a, ui iaiao?aeii i?eaeaaoe ca ia??iae, aeioe?eueii
nei?enoaoeny oi?ioeith:

Iaiao?aeia e?euee?noue i?eaeaaiiy

caian?a=E?euee?noue ae?iaie/eo caian?a, iaiao?aeieo aeey aeaioiaeaiiy
i?iaeoeoe??+E?euee?noue ae?iaie/eo caian?a o caeeoeo ia e?iaoeue
ia??iaeo-E?euee?noue ae?iaie/eo caian?a o caeeoeo ia ii/aoie ia??iaeo

Athaeaeao i?eaeaaieo iaoa??ae?a i?noeoue ?ic?aooiee e?eueeino?
iaoa??ae?a ca ?o aeaeaie, yeo iaiao?aeii i?eaeaaoe o ieaiiaiio ia??iae?,
oa aeo?aoe eioo?a ia i?eaeaaiiy iaoa??ae?a. ?ic?aooiee aacothoueny ia
iio?aa? a iaoa??aeao, aecia/ai?e o athaeaeao? aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??ae?a,
oa c o?aooaaiiyi ci?ie ?o caeeoe?a ia ii/aoie oa ia e?iaoeue
a?aeiia?aeiiai ia??iaeo. Athaeaeao neeaaea?oueny c eieaiiai aeaeo
iaoa??ae?a ie?aii, a caaaeueia noia aeo?ao ia i?eaeaaiiy iaoa??ae?a
aecia/a?oueny a oe?eiio ii i?aei?e?inoao (oaae. 3.4.) [16,172].

Oaae. 3.4 Athaeaeao i?yieo iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao

IieacieeCa ??eIio?aaa a iaoa??aeao, ea979 412 614,7Iaiao?aeiee caian:

— ia ii/aoie ia??iaeo

— ia e?iaoeue ia??iaeo

5000

10000Ianya caeoi?ae?, iae.979 418 614,7Oe?ia iaoa??ae?a, a?i. ca
ea0,52Caaaeuei? aeo?aoe ia i?eaeaaiiy iaoa??ae?a, a?i. 509 297 679,6

Athaeaeao i?yieo aeo?ao ia iieaoo i?aoe? neeaaea?oueny c athaeaeaoo
ae?iaieoeoaa, aeaieo i?i i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? e noaaie iieaoe i?aoe?
iniiaiiai ae?iaie/iai ia?niiaeo. Aeey ioe?iee i?yieo aeo?ao ia iieaoo
i?aoe? ne?ae nei?enoaoeny ?ioi?iaoe??th, ui i?noeoueny a oaoi?/i?e
aeieoiaioaoe?? ia aeaioiaeaiiy i?iaeoeoe??.

Oaae. 3.5 Athaeaeao i?yieo aeo?ao ia iieaoo i?aoe?

IieacieeCa ??eE?euee?noue ?iai/eo aiaeei, iaiao?aeieo aeey ae?iaieoeoaa,
aiae.8 784Iieaoa 1 ethae.-aiae.4,3E?euee?noue ae?iaie/eo
i?aoe?aiee?a40Aeo?aoe ia iieaoo i?aoe?, a?i. 1 510 848Athaeaeao
ae?iaie/eo iaeeaaeieo aeo?ao neeaaea?oueny ia iniia? ae?iaie/i? i?ia?aie
(aeo?aoe ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy ? o. ?i.), oeeaaeaieo oaiae
(i?aiaea ? o. ?i.), a?aeiia?aeieo ?ic?aooie?a (aii?oecaoe?y iaeaaeiaiiy,
aia?aiiin?? oa ?i.). Noia ci?iieo ae?iaie/eo aeo?ao ieaio?oueny c
?ic?aooieo ia iaeeieoeth aace ?iciiae?eo ? ? i?yii i?iii?oe?eiith ianyao
ae?yeueiino? o eiaeiiio ia??iae?. ?iciiae?e oeeo aeo?ao iiaea
cae?enithaaoeny ca caaaeueiith noaaeith aai ae ie?aii ca ?o aeaeaie.

Athaeaeao ae?iaie/eo iaeeaaeieo aeo?ao neeaaeathoue o ?ic??c? ie?aieo
noaoae aeo?ao. Noaaea ae?iaie/eo iaeeaaeieo aeo?ao iiaea aooe
?ic?aoiaaia a na?aaeiueiio ca ??e, aai o ?ic??c? ie?aieo ia??iae?a
(oaae. 3.6).

Oaae. 3.6 Athaeaeao ae?iaie/eo iaeeaaeieo aeo?ao

IieacieeCa ??eCi?ii? aeo?aoe, a?i. 4 547 694,4Iino?ei? aeo?aoe, a?i.
18 190 778Anueiai ae?iaie/eo iaeeaaeieo aeo?ao, a?i. 22 738 472,4

Athaeaeao nia?aa?oino? aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? neeaaeathoue ia i?aenoaa?
athaeaeao?a aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??ae?a, i?yii? iieaoe i?aoe? oa ae?iaie/eo
iaeeaaeieo aeo?ao c o?aooaaiiyi caieaiiaaieo caeeoe?a iacaaa?oaiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ia ii/aoie ? e?iaoeue athaeaeaoiiai ia??iaeo. 3 oe??th
iaoith a?aoiaothoue ci?io caeeoe?a iacaaa?oaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ca
ia??iae:

Nia?aa?o?noue

aeaioiaeaii?

i?iaeoeoe??=Caeeoie

ICI ia ii/aoie

ia??iaeo+Aeo?aoe ia

ae?iaieoeoai

i?iaeoeoe??-Caeeoie

ICI ia e?iaoeue

ia??iaeo

Oaae. 3.7 Athaeaeao nia?aa?oino? aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??

IieacieeCa ??eAeo?aoe ae?iaieoeoaa:

— i?yii? iieaoe i?aoe?

— i?yi? aeo?aoe iaoa??ae?a

— ae?iaie/? iaeeaaei? aeo?aoe

1 510 848

509 297 679,6

22 738 472,4?acii ae?iaie/eo aeo?ao, a?i. 533 547 000ICI:

— ia ii/aoie ia??iaeo

— ia e?iaoeue ia??iaeo

10 000

11 000Nia?aa?o?noue aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??, a?i. 533 546 000

Athaeaeao nia?aa?oino? ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? neeaaea?oueny ia
i?aenoaa? athaeaeaoo nia?aa?oino? aeaioiaeaii? i?iaeoeoe?? c o?aooaaiiyi
ci?ie caeeoe?a aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? ia neeaae?. sseui caeeoee aioiai?
i?iaeoeoe?? ia ieaiothoueny aai aiie ieaiothoueny a iaci?iiiio ianyc?,
oi nia?aa?o?noue ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? aoaea aei??aithaaoe
nia?aa?oino? aeaioiaeaii? i?iaeoeoe?? (oaae. 3.8).

Athaeaeao nia?aa?oino? ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? neeaaea?oueny ca
oi?ioeith:

Nia?aa?o?noue

?aae?ciaaii?

i?iaeoeoe??=Caeeoie aioiai?

i?iaeoeoe?? ia

ii/aoie ia??iaeo+Nia?aa?o?noue

aeaioiaeaii? ca

ia??iae i?iaeoeoe??-Caeeoie aioiai?

i?iaeoeoe?? ia

e?iaoeue ia??iaeo

Oaae.3.8. Athaeaeao nia?aa?oino? ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe??

IieacieeCa ??eNia?aa?o?noue aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??, a?i. 533 546 000Caeeoee
aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??:

— ia ii/aoie ia??iaeo

— ia e?iaoeue ia??iaeo

5 000

20 000Nia?aa?o?noue ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe??, a?i. 533 531 000

Athaeaeao caaaeueieo ? aaei?i?no?aoeaieo aeo?ao a?aeia?aaea? ieaiia?
aeo?aoe ia oi?aae?iiy ? ianeoaiaoaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa a oe?eiio. A?i
neeaaea?oueny oeyoii ia’?aeiaiiy athaeaeao?a on?o a?aeae?e?a oi?aae?iiy
i?aei?e?inoaii oa eiai ainiiaea?nueeiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy. I?e oeueiio
??/ia noia aeo?ao iiaea aooe ?iciiae?eaia i?ae ie?aieie ia??iaeaie
??aiii??ii, a iiaea ieaioaaoeny aeoiaey/e c oaeoe/ieo iio?aa ie?aieo
ia??iae?a. (oaae. 3.9).

Oaae. 3.9. Athaeaeao aaei?i?no?aoeaieo aeo?ao

IieacieeCa ??eCa?ia?oia ieaoa aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ia?niiaeo, a?i. 5 695
500?io? aaei?i?no?aoeai? aeo?aoe6 500?acii aaei?i?no?aoeaieo aeo?ao,
a?i. 5 702 000

Athaeaeao aeo?ao ia caoo aeaioiaeaii? i?iaeoeoe?? neeaaea?oueny ia aac?
athaeaeaoo i?iaeaae?a ? aeeth/a? ci?ii? oa iino?ei? aeo?aoe ia
?aae?caoe?th [6,297].

Ia aeine?aeaeoaaiiio i?aei?e?inoa? aeaieo aeo?ao iaia, oiio ui ae?iaeaia
aeaeo?iaia?a?y a?ae?aco iinooia? aei e?ioeaaeo niiaeeaa/?a.

Ia i?aenoaa? iaaaaeaieo aeua iia?aoe?eieo athaeaeao?a iiaeia neeanoe
athaeaeaoiee ca?o i?i o?iainia? ?acoeueoaoe — i?ioi?io ca?oiino?,
neeaaeaio aei ii/aoeo ca?oiiai ia??iaeo. Ia i?aenoaa? oeueiai athaeaeaoo
aecia/athoue aeoaea aaaaoi aaaeeeaeo aeiiii?/ieo ? o?iainiaeo
iieaciee?a: i/?eoaaiee i?eaooie, noio iiaeaoeo c i?eaooeo, o?iainoaaiiy
eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue ? o. ?i. (oaae. 3.10).

Oaae. 3.10. Athaeaeaoiee ca?o i?i o?iainia? ?acoeueoaoe

IieacieeCa ??eAeioiae a?ae i?iaeaaeo i?iaeoeoe??540 000 000Nia?aa?o?noue
?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe??533 531 000Aaeiaee i?eaooie6 469 000Caaaeuei?
aaei?i?no?aoeai? aeo?aoe5 702 000Aeo?aoe ia caoo0Iia?aoe?eiee i?eaooie
a?ae iniiaii? ae?yeueiino?767 000Iiaeaoie ia i?eaooie191 750*enoee
i?eaooie575 250

Athaeaeao eioo?a (i?iaiic a?ioiaeo iioie?a) yaey? niaith ieai
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy eioo?a ? ieaoaae?a ia iaeaooi?e ia??iae. A?i iaiao?aeiee
aeey caaacia/aiiy ieaoini?iiiaeiino? oa e?ea?aeiino? i?aei?e?inoaa. C
eiai aeiiiiiaith i?iaiicothoueny e?ioeaa? caeeoee eioo?a ia ?aooieao,
iaiao?aei? aeey neeaaeaiiy i?iaiiciiai aooaaeoa?nueeiai aaeaino, a
oaeiae aeyaeythoueny ia??iaee iaaeeeoeo o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a aai ?oiuei?
iaaeinoa/?. Caieaiiaai? a?ioia? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aecia/athoueny ia aac?
iiaaoaiiy aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?, i?iaeaaeo ca aio?aeo,
?aae?caoe?? ?ioeo aeoea?a, io?eiaiiy e?aaeeo?a oa ?ioeo aeae?a
iaaeoiaeaeaiue. A?ioia? aeaeaoee a athaeaeao? ieaiothoueny ia i?aenoaa?
nieaoe e?aaeeoi?ai ca i?eaeaai? oiaa?e, iaaeai? iineoae oa aeeiiai?
?iaioe, nieaoo iiaeaoe?a, aeea?aeaiae?a, cae?eniaiiy eai?oaeueieo ?
o?iainiaeo ?iaanoeoe?e, iiaa?iaiiy io?eiaieo e?aaeeo?a ? nieaoo
a?aenioe?a ii ieo oiui.

Inoaii?i e?ieii o i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee aieiaiiai (caaaeaiiai) athaeaeaoo
? ?ic?iaea i?iaiiciiai aooaaeoa?nueeiai aaeaino (ca?oo i?i o?iainiaee
noai). A?i a?aeaeaa? no?oeoo?o aeoea?a ? ianea?a i?aai?caoe?? ?
a?aeiia?aea? ca?oi?e oi?i? ? 1.

?ic?aooiie i/?eoaaiiai aooaaeoa?nueeiai aaeaino ca noaiii ia e?iaoeue
ieaiiaaiiai ia??iaeo aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe o? ci?ie, ui a?aeaoaeooueny c
iaeiii i?aai?caoe?? ? eiai aeaea?aeaie o ?acoeueoao? ainiiaea?nueeeo
iia?aoe?e ieaiiaaiiai ia??iaeo.

Neeaaeaiiy aeieeaaeiiai caaaeaiiai athaeaeaoo ? na?eiciith i?aeiiaith
aeey aeaniee?a i?aei?e?inoaa a caaacia/aii? eiio?ieth ca aoaeoeai?noth
aeei?enoaiiy ?iaanoiaaieo eioo?a. Caaaeaiee athaeaeao oaeiae aaaeeeaee ?
aeey aaciina?aaei?o ea??aiee?a i?aei?e?inoaa. A?i aeicaiey? /?oei
aecia/eoe oe?e? ? caaea/? ia ieaiiaaiee ia??iae ? eiio?iethaaoe o?ae
aeeiiaiiy ae?iaie/i? i?ia?aie, i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy aeioiae?a ? aeo?ao,
noai ?ic?aooie?a ? ieaoaae?a.

I?e oi?ioaaii? athaeaeao?a aeey i?ae?icae?e?a i?aei?e?inoaa iaiao?aeiith
oiiaith ? aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo «ioeueiaiai aaeaino». Athaeaeaoe iiaeii?
neeaaeaoeny ia ia iniia? aeo?ao ca ieioeee ia??iae, a ia aac?
caieaiiaaieo caoiae?a.

Athaeaeaoe iaiao?aeii oi?ioaaoe ia aac? iaeiiai c aeueoa?iaoeaieo
aa??aio?a ieaio. Iiaeeea? ianooii? aa??aioe: ianei?noe/iee, eiia??iee ?
iioei?noe/iee.

Ianei?noe/iee aa??aio iiaeiiee ia?ane?aeoaaoe i?i?iaeueio iaoo ?
aeiaaaoe iaeneiaeueiiai nei?i/aiiy iayaieo ?ano?n?a.

Eiia??iee aa??aio iiaeiiee i???iooaaoe ia aeinyaiaiiy iaeneiaeueieo
oe?eae i?e iii??iiio aeei?enoaii? ?ano?n?a. Iioei?noe/iee aa??aio
iiaeiiee ia?aaeaa/eoe aeeiiaiiy iaeneiaeueii? iaoe i?e aoaeoeaiiio
aeei?enoaii? an?o ?ano?n?a.

?ic?iaeai? athaeaeaoe iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe ianooiiei aeiiaai.

1. Athaeaeaoe iiaeii? aooe iai?oaeaieie, aea aeinyaeieie. Eeoa
caaeainiaai?noue iioeao? aeio?eiaiiy athaeaeaoo.

2. I?aai ia ?nioaaiiy ia? o?eueee ae?eniee athaeaeao. O?iueiaee aai
aaa??eiee athaeaeaoe iai?eionoei?.

3. Athaeaeao ? ocaaaeueithth/ei ieaiii o iaoo?aeueieo ? a?ioiaeo
iaeeieoeyo.

4.A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeeiiaiiy athaeaeaoo iiaeiiee a?aoe o/anoue o
eiai ?ic?iaoe?, aeey oiai uia ?c on??th a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noth iinoaaeoeny
aei neeaaeaiiy athaeaeaoo.

5. Athaeaeao ? nai???aeiith ?ino?oeoe??th aei caieno ii ?aooieao. A?i
aeiaaa? ??aiino? ieaiiaaieo ? oaeoe/ieo aeaieo.

6. Athaeaeao caeeoa?oueny iaci?iiei i?ae /an athaeaeaoiiai ia??iaeo.

7.Iiae?e an?o aeo?ao ia ci?iio oa iino?eio /anoeie.

Neeaaeaiee athaeaeao iiaeiiee i?ioiaeeoe ocaiaeaeaiiy c on?ia neoaeaaie
i?aei?e?inoaa, ui i?eeiathoue o/anoue o eiai oi?ioaaii?, i?ney /iai a?i
i?aaenoaaey?oueny ia ?icaeyae ea??aieoeoao. I?ney noaaeaiiy
ea??aieoeoaii athaeaeao noa?, ae?th/ei. A?i iiaeiiee aooe iaia’yceiai
i?eeiyoee ia?aae ii/aoeii ainiiaea?nueeiai ?ieo, aeey oiai uia
iaiao?aei? caoiaee iiaee aooe a/anii aeeiiai?. Athaeaeao ia? neeo aeey
anueiai iioi/iiai ia??iaeo. I?ieea? aeai?, ia?aiao?e aai oe?e? ia
aaaeooue aei ci?ie athaeaeaoo. Caaaeaiiy i?i a?aeoeeaiiy, io?eiai? a
?acoeueoao? ii??aiyiiy ieaiiaeo ? oaeoe/ieo iieaciee?a, a?aoiaothoueny
ia iaeaooi? aei ii/aoeo oa?i?io ae?? ianooiiiai athaeaeaoo.

Ia i?aenoaa? caoaa?aeaeaiiai ea??aieoeoaii i?aei?e?inoaa athaeaeaoo
aoaeothoueny uii?ny/i? ieaie aeioiae?a ? aeo?ao, ui iaia’yceia? aeey
aeeiiaiiy an?ia neoaeaaie. *a?ac oe? ieaie cae?enith?oueny ea?oaaiiy
aeo?aoaie ? caaacia/o?oueny aeinyaiaiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy aeiiii?/ieo
iieaciee?a (ianya i?iaeaae?a, /enoee i?eaooie, ?aioaaaeuei?noue aeoea?a,
ii?ia i?eaooeo e ?i.), aac /iai iaiiaeeeaee aeeiai?/iee ?icaeoie
i?aei?e?inoaa. [16,176].

?ICAe?E 4. EIIO?IEUe CA AEEIIAIIssI ATHAeAEAO?A ? AIAE?C A?AeOEEAIUe

O i?ioean? ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? caaaeaee aeieeathoue a?aeoeeaiiy
oaeoe/ieo iieaciee?a a?ae caieaiiaaieo (athaeaeaoieo). Aeey ?o
nai?/aniiai aeyaeaiiy ? a?aeiia?aeiiai ?aaaoaaiiy ia ieo iaiao?aeiee
nenoaiaoe/iee eiio?ieue ca aeeiiaiiyi athaeaeao?a, oiaoi athaeaeaoiee
eiio?ieue, caaaeaiiy yeiai — i?eaa?iooe oaaao iaiaaeaea?a aei oeo
a?aeoeeaiue a?ae athaeaeaoo, ye? aeiaaathoue eiai iia?aoeaiiai
?aaaoaaiiy. Oea iiaeooue aooe aai ae cia/i? a?aeoeeaiiy, aai
a?aeoeeaiiy, ui nenoaiaoe/ii iiaoi?ththoueny. Onoiaiith oaeeo
a?aeoeeaiue ni?ey? oi?aae?iiy ca a?aeoeeaiiyie, i?e yeiio iaiaaeaea?
eiioeaio?o? oaaao eeoa ia nooo?aeo a?aeoeeaiiyo a?ae athaeaeaoo ?, aei
iaaii? i??e, ia caa?oa? oaaae ia a?aeoeeaiiy a iaaeao aeiionoeieo
eieeaaiue.

Caeaaeii a?ae i?e/ei aeieeiaiiy a?aeoeeaiiy iiae?eythoue:

— ia a?aeoeeaiiy aiane?aeie ieaioaaiiy (iiieeee oa i?i?aooieo i?e
neeaaeaii? athaeaeao?a);

— a?aeoeeaiiy aiane?aeie ae?yeueiino? (?en. 4.1) [6,304].

picscalex1360100090000037800000002001c0000000000040000000301080005000000
0b0200000000050000000c02c7080910040000002e0118001c000000fb02100007000000
0000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d0008091000006cdb0000fc5b110004ee8339
68849b080c020000040000002d01000004000000020101001c000000fb029cff00000000
00009001000000cc0440001254696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000000000000000000
0000000000000000040000002d010100050000000902000000020d000000320a5a000000
01000400000000000410ca0820fe2d00040000002d010000030000000000

?en 4.1 Nenoaia athaeaeaoiiai eiio?ieth

Aoaeoeai?noue ? ia??oioiaai?noue i?eeiyoeo athaeaeao?a aeyaey?oueny
oiae?, eiee c?noaaeythoueny ieaiia? iieacieee c oaeoe/ieie, ye?
iaeiie/othoueny o oae caaiiio ca?o? i?i aeeiiaiiy athaeaeaoo. ??cieoe?,
ui aeieeathoue o i?ioean? ioe?iee, iaceaathoue a?aeoeeaiiyie. Aeey
io?eiaiiy a??ia?aeieo ioe?iie aeinyaiaiue i?ae?icae?eo ne?ae
aeio?eioaaoeny aeaio iniiaieo oiia:

— ii??aiththoueny o?eueee oae? aeioiaee ? aeo?aoe, ye? eiio?ieththoueny
iaiaaeaea?ii oeueiai i?ae?icae?eo;

— oaeoe/i? oa athaeaeaoi? aeai? ii??aiththoueny ia iniia? iaeiaeiaiai
??aiy ae?yeueiino?.

Iaaeio?eiaiiy cacia/aieo oiia iiaea i?eaanoe aei iiieeeiaeo aeniiae?a.
Aeey cae?eniaiiy aaeaeaaoiiai ii??aiyiiy oaeoe/ieo oa athaeaeaoieo
aeaieo aeei?enoiaothoue aio/eee athaeaeao. A?i neeaaea?oueny ia
i?aenoaa? caieaiiaaieo aeaieo i?i aeioiaee ? aeo?aoe i?aei?e?inoaa aeey
oaeoe/iiai ianyao ?aae?caoe??. Aaee/eia iino?eieo aeo?ao cacae/ae
inoa?oueny iaci?iiith, a ci?ii? aeo?aoe ci?iththoueny i?iii?oe?eii ci?i?
ianyao ae?yeueiino?. Iieacieee aio/eiai athaeaeaoo i?eaeaoi? aeey
iiaeaeueoiai ii??aiyiiy ?o c oaeoe/ieie aeaieie, a io?eiai? o oaeee
niin?a a?aeoeeaiiy iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey iiaeaeueoiai aecia/aiiy
?acoeueoaoeaiino? e aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe i?ae?icae?eo [16,179].

Athaeaeaoiee eiio?ieue ? oi?aae?iiy ca a?aeoeeaiiyie cae?eniththoue ia
i?aenoaa? ca?oo i?i aeeiiaiiy athaeaeaoo, yeee neeaaea?
aooaaeoa?-aiae?oee ? iiaea? iaiaaeaea?o, yeee a?aeiia?aea? ca i?eeiyooy
??oaiue c aeaiiai ieoaiiy.

Ca?o i?i aeeiiaiiy athaeaeaoo — oea ii??aiyiiy oaeoe/ieo ? caieaiiaaieo
iieaciee?a, ?ic?aooiie a?aeoeeaiue oa aea/aiiy ?o i?e/ei. Oaeee ca?o
aioo?oueny ?aaoey?ii (uii?nyoey) ? i?noeoue aeai? i?i athaeaeaoi?
aeo?aoe ca ca?oiee ia??iae ? c ii/aoeo ?ieo oa a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae
athaeaeaoo c iiyniaiiyi ?o i?e/ei, a ?ieiee — aaeeoeo caoiae?a aeey
iiia?aaeaeaiiy iiae?aieo a?aeoeeaiue o iaeaooiueiio [6,304].

I?iaiae?co?ii aeeiiaiiy athaeaeaoo i?aei?e?inoaa «Aoaeaa??nueea» OAN AAO
«Oeaio?aia?ai» ia iniia? Ca?oo i?i o?iainia? ?acoeueoaoe (ca 12 i?nyoe?a
2004?.) ca aeiiiiiaith ca?oo i?i aeeiiaiiy athaeaeaoo (oaae. 4.1)

Oaae.4.1 Ca?o? i?i aeeiiaiiy athaeaeaoo

IieacieeAthaeaeaoOaeoA?aeoeeaiiyAeioiae a?ae i?iaeaaeo
i?iaeoeoe??540 000 0003 861 000-536 139 000Nia?aa?o?noue ?aae?ciaaii?
i?iaeoeoe??533 531 000533 546 00015 000Aaeiaee i?eaooie6 469 000-530 328
000-6 469 000Caaaeuei? aaei?i?no?aoeai? aeo?aoe5 702 0005 702
0000Aeo?aoe ia caoo000Iia?aoe?eiee i?eaooie a?ae iniiaii? ae?yeueiino?

767 000

-536 030 000

-536 797 000Iiaeaoie ia i?eaooie191 750—*enoee i?eaooie575 250-536 030
000-536 605 250

I?iaiae?coaaa «Ca?o i?i aeeiiaiiy athaeaeaoo» iiaeia c?iaeoe oae?
aeniiaee, ui aeioiae a?ae i?iaeaaeo i?iaeoeoe?? oaeoe/ii i?aei?e?inoai
iaea?aeaei 3 861 000 a?i., ui ia 536 139 000 iaioa, i?ae cacia/aii a
athaeaeao?, iiaeeeai oea aeeeeeaii ?inoii aeaa?oi?nueei? caai?aiaaiino?.
Nia?aa?o?noue ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? ca?eueoeeanue ia 15 000 a?i. ?
neeaea 533 546 000, ui aeeeeeaii i?aeaeuaiiyi oe?i ia iaoa??aee ?
e?euee?noue caeeoe?a ia e?iaoeue ia??iaeo. Oiio o e?ioe? ia??iaeo
i?aei?e?inoai io?eiaei aaeiaee caeoie o ?ici??? 530 328 000 a?i.
Caaaeuei? aaei?i?no?aoeai? aeo?aoe ia ci?ieeenue ? neeaee 5 702 000 a?i.
Iia?aoe?eiee caeoie a?ae iniiaii? ae?yeueiino? neeaa 536 030 000 a?i.
Ine?eueee i?aei?e?inoai io?eiaei caeoie oiio iiaeaoie ia i?eaooie ia
ia?aoiaoaaany. Ioaea /enoee caeoie i?aei?e?inoaa neeaa 536 030 000 a?i.

A?aeoeeaiiy iiaeooue aooe iiceoeaieie e iaaaoeaieie. sseui a?aeoeeaiiy
iacia/i?, oi ?o iiaeia ?aii?oaaoe, oiaoi ia aeine?aeaeoaaoe i?e/eie oeeo
a?aeoeeaiue. Cia/iee ?ici?? a?aeoeeaiue aeiaaa? aeaoaeueiiai aea/aiiy
i?e/ei aeieeiaiiy. Aaaaea?oueny, ui cia/i? a?aeoeeaiiy iiaeooue aooe
aiane?aeie ieaioaaiiy e ?acoeueoaoii ae?yeueiino?.

A?aeoeeaiiy aiane?aeie ieaioaaiiy ca’ycai? c iiieeeaie ? iaaeie?eaie a
i?ioean? neeaaeaiiy i?iaiic?a, aecia/aii? ooieoe?? aeo?ao ? aeioiaeo,
eaeueeoethaaii? ieaiiaaii? nia?aa?oino? ? oe?i.

A?aeoeeaiiy aiane?aeie ae?yeueiino? ? ?acoeueoaoii ae?e ia?niiaeo /e
eiie?aoieo iiae?e (ci?ia iiieoo, eieeaaiiy oe?i).

I?e iayaiino? cia/ieo a?aeoeeaiue o caeaaeiino? a?ae ?oi?o i?e/ei
iiaeeea? aeaa aeueoa?iaoeaieo ??oaiiy:

1) ei?aeooaaiiy aai ia?aaeyae athaeaeaoo, yeui ?acoeueoaoe eiio?ieth
na?ae/aoue, ui aeeiioaaoe eiai aeae? iaaeioe?eueii.

2) aianaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo ei?aeoea o ae??, uia caaacia/eoe aeinyaiaiiy
caieaiiaaii? iaoe.

Ca?o i?i aeeiiaiiy athaeaeaoo caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue eiio?ieth a oiiaao
ei?aeoiiai c?noaaeaiiy oaeoe/ieo ? athaeaeaoieo aeaieo. Ni?aaa a o?i, ui
caaaeaiee athaeaeao ? noaoe/iei (iino?eiee), ine?eueee neeaaeaiee
o?eueee aeey iaeiiai ??aiy iaeaooiuei? ae?yeueiino? [16,180].

Athaeaeao, yeee a?aoiao? iiaeeea? aa??aioe ci?ie ianyao ae?yeueiino? a
iaaeao ?aeaaaioiiai ae?aiaciio, iaceaathoue aio/eei, aai aeeiai?/iei
athaeaeaoii. Oaeee athaeaeao iaiao?aeiee, a ia?oo /a?ao, aeey aiae?co
oeo aeo?ao, ye? aeeth/athoue iino?eio ? ci?iio neeaaeia? (ae?iaie/?
iaeeaaei?, aeo?aoe ia caoo, aaei?i?no?aoeai?). A?i neeaaea?oueny
aeoiaey/e ?c caeaaeiino?:

Caaaeueia noia aeo?ao = Iino?ei? aeo?aoe + (Oaeoe/iee ianya ae?iaieoeoaa
* Ci?ii? athaeaeaoi? aeo?aoe ia iaeeieoeth ae?yeueiino?).

Oaeee athaeaeao iiaea aooe ?ic?aoiaaiee ia aeae?eueea ??ai?a
ae?yeueiino? a iaaeao ?aeaaaioiiai ae?aiaciio.

Aeei?enoaiiy aio/eiai athaeaeaoo (a?i iiaea neeaaeaoeny ye aei ii/aoeo
athaeaeaoiiai ia??iaeo, oae ? a i?ioean? ae?yeueiino? aai ae i?e
i?aeaeaaii? i?aenoie?a) aea? iiaeeea?noue ii??aiyoe oaeoe/i? aeai? ye ?c
noaoe/iei, oae ? c aio/eei athaeaeaoii ? aecia/eoe aeaa aeaee
a?aeoeeaiue: ca ?aooiie ianyao ae?yeueiino? ? ca ?aooiie aoaeoeaiino?.
A?aeoeeaiiy ca ?aooiie ianyao ae?yeueiino? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
?acoeueoaoeai?noue ?iaioe, a a?aeoeeaiiy oaeoe/ieo aeaieo a?ae aio/eiai
athaeaeaoo — aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa (?en.4.2). Aeey
iiaeeaeaiiai aiae?co a?aeoeeaiue iaiao?aeii ?o aecia/eoe, ca eiaeiith
noaooath athaeaeaoo ? iiynieoe i?e/eie a?aeoeeaiue.

picscalex1370100090000037800000002001c0000000000040000000301080005000000
0b0200000000050000000c0232082210040000002e0118001c000000fb02100007000000
0000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d0008221000006cdb0000fc5b110004ee8339
68849b080c020000040000002d01000004000000020101001c000000fb029cff00000000
00009001000000cc0440001254696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000000000000000000
0000000000000000040000002d010100050000000902000000020d000000320a5a00ffff
01000400000000001d10340820fe2d00040000002d010000030000000000

?en. 4.2. Noaia aiae?co a?aeoeeaiue c aeei?enoaiiyi aio/eiai athaeaeaoo

Oae, a?aeoeeaiiy i?eaooeo ca ?aooiie ci?ie ie?aieo oaeoi??a ca
aeiiiiiaith aio/eiai athaeaeaoo ?ic?aoiaothoue aiaeia?/ii oaeoi?iiio
aiae?co iaoiaeii ia/eneaiiy ??cieoeue:

1) caaaeueia a?aeoeeaiiy = oaeoe/ia noia i?eaooeo — athaeaeaoia
(ieaiiaa, ii?iaoeaia) noia i?eaooeo;

2) a?aeoeeaiiy ca ?aooiie ci?ie ianyao ?aae?caoe?? = i?eaooie,
aecia/aiee aio/eei athaeaeaoii — i?eaooie ii/aoeiaiai (noa?iai)
athaeaeaoo;

3) a?aeoeeaiiy ca ?aooiie ci?ie na?aaeiuei? oe?ie ?aae?caoe?? =
oaeoe/iee ianya i?iaeaae (ae?o/ea) — oaeoe/iee ianya ?aae?caoe?? ca
ieaiiaeie oe?iaie = oaeoe/iee ianya ?aae?caoe?? — nei?eaiaaiee ianya
?aae?caoe??;

4) a?aeoeeaiiy ca ?aooiie aeiiii?? (ia?aaeo?aoe) iaoa??ae?a ia
iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe?? = (oaeoe/i? aeo?aoe iaoa??ae?a — ii?iaoeai?
aeo?aoe ia oaeoe/iee ianya ae?iaieoeoaa) * ii?iaoeaia oe?ia iaeeieoe?
iaoa??ae?a = (oaeoe/i? aeo?aoe iaoa??ae?a ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe?? —
ii?iaoeai? aeo?aoe ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe??) — oaeoe/iee ianya
ae?iaieoeoaa * ii?iaoeaio (athaeaeaoio) oe?io iaeeieoe? iaoa??ae?a;

5) a?aeoeeaiiy ca ?aooiie ci?ie oe?i ia iaoa??aee = oaeoe/i? aeo?aoe ia
iaoa??aee — (oaeoe/ia e?euee?noue aeo?a/aieo iaoa??ae?a • ieaiiaa oe?ia
iaeeieoe? iaoa??ae?a) = (oaeoe/ia oe?ia — ieaiiaa oe?ia) — oaeoe/io
e?euee?noue aeo?a/aieo iaoa??ae?a;

6) a?aeoeeaiiy ca ?aooiie ci?ie aoaeoeaiino? i?yieo aeo?ao i?aoe?, yea
oa?aeoa?eco? ??aaiue i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? aai o?oaeii?noeino?
i?iaeoeoe?? = (oaeoe/i? aeo?aoe i?aoe? — ii?iaoeai? aeo?aoe i?aoe? ia
oaeoe/iee ianya i?iaeoeoe??) • ii?iaoeaiee ??aaiue iieaoe i?aoe? =
(oaeoe/i? aeo?aoe i?aoe? ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe?? — ii?iaoeai? aeo?aoe
i?aoe? ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe??) • oaeoe/io e?euee?noue i?iaeaii?
i?iaeoeoe?? • ii?iaoeaio noaaeo iieaoe ca iaeeieoeth i?aoe? (aiaeeio,
aeaiue oiui);

7) a?aeoeeaiiy ca ?aooiie ci?ie noaaie iieaoe i?aoe? = oaeoe/i? aeo?aoe
ia iieaoo i?aoe? – (oaeoe/i? i?yi? aeo?aoe i?aoe? • ii?iaoeaio noaaeo
iieaoe iaeeieoe? i?aoe?) = (oaeoe/ia noaaea iieaoe iaeeieoe? i?aoe? –
ii?iaoeaia noaaea iaeeieoe? i?aoe?) • oaeoe/i? cao?aoe i?yii? i?aoe? o
e?euee?nieo aei??ieeao;

8) a?aeoeeaiiy ca ?aooiie a?aeoeeaiiy iino?eieo iaeeaaeieo aeo?ao =
oaeoe/ia noia iino?eieo aeo?ao – ieaiiaa (ii?iaoeaia) noia oaeeo aeo?ao.

Iaoiaeeea aiae?co a?aeoeeaiue caeaaeeoue a?ae nenoaie eaeueeoethaaiiy
aeo?ao, yeo canoiniao? i?aei?e?inoai i?e neeaaeaii? aioo??oiuei?
ca?oiino?: ia iniia? iiaii? nia?aa?oino? /e ia iniia? ci?iieo aeo?ao.
Aea ? a iaeiiio, ? a ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo iaiao?aeii aeae?eyoe ci?ii?
aeo?aoe ? aiae?coaaoe ?o ie?aii a?ae iino?eieo.

Oaeee aiae?c aea? iiaeeea?noue ia’?eoeaii ioe?ieoe ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe oa
?o caeaaei?noue a?ae ie?aieo oaeoi??a [6,305].

?ICAe?E 5. IA?NIAEOEAE ?ICAEOEO OA OEssOE AAeINEIIAEAIIss IEAIOAAIIss A
NO*ANIEO OIIAAO

Ia?ao?ae iaoi? e?a?ie aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee ? icaei?iaeaiiy o?iainiaiai
noaio a?eueoino? i?aei?e?inoa aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue a?ae ??aiy e
iinoaiiaee o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy, ui aecia/a? ?oo o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a
oa ?o a?aeiia?aei?noue iaoa??aeueiei ?ano?nai, caaacia/o? ?aaeueia
aeei?enoaiiy aeiiii?/ieo aaaeae?a, i?aai?/ia ii?aeiaiiy oiaa?ii-a?ioiaeo
a?aeiinei ? iaoai?cio iaiaaeaeiaioo aeiiii?eith i?aei?e?inoaa.

Ia aeaiee iiiaio, eiee nenoaia aaeocaaiai ieaioaaiiy ao?aoeea nai?
cia/aiiy ? iiai?noth c?oeiiaaia, ia a?eueoino? i?aei?e?inoa ia
i?eae?ey?oueny iaiao?aeii? oaaae o?iainiaiio ieaioaaiith /a?ac
ianoaa?euei?noue o?iainiai? nenoaie, aca?ii? iaieaoaae?, cia/iee
iiaeaoeiaee oyaa? oiui. ?acii ?c oei a?aeiiaa a?ae o?iainiaiai
ieaioaaiiy ??aiicia/ia a?aeiia? a?ae ?ic?iaee cania?a o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoaa.

Ia aeaiee /an ia i?aei?e?inoaao iaeiai ? na?aaeiueiai a?ciano o?iainia?
ieaie, ye ? ieaioaaiiy acaaae? ia neeaaeathoueny. I?aei?e?ioe?
aaaaeathoue ui oea ? caeaa, aea a oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo, aeey
aeoiaeo c e?ece neeaaeaiiy ieai?a ? ia o?eueee ?aoe?iiaeueiei aea ?
iaiao?aeiei aeey ii?iaeueiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ainiiaea?thth/iai
noa’?eoa.

Oaeoi?e, ye? iaiaaeothoue aeei?enoaiiy o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy ia
i?aei?e?inoaao:

1. aenieee nooi?iue iaaecia/aiino? ia oe?a?inueeiio ?eieo, iia’ycaiee ?c
aeiaaeueieie ci?iaie a on?o noa?ao noni?eueiiai aeeooy (?o
iaia?aaeaa/oaai?noue oneeaaeith? ieaioaaiiy);

2. iacia/ia /anoea i?aei?e?inoa, ye? iathoue o?iainia? iiaeeeaino? aeey
cae?eniaiiy na?eicieo o?iainiaeo ?ic?iaie;

3. a?aenooi?noue aoaeoeaii? ii?iaoeaii – i?aaiai? aace a?o/eciyiiai
a?ciano.

Ia aeaeue, iaiiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy ia
i?aei?e?inoaao coiiaeth?oueny ia eeoa ia?a?aoiaaieie aeua oaeoi?aie, a e
cae/aeiei iaaaaeaiiyi ea??aiee?a oeeo i?aei?e?inoa aaeaaaoeny aei eiai
iaoiae?a oa i?eeii?a. A?aeiiaeyth/enue a?ae canoinoaaiiy o?iainiaiai
ieaioaaiiy, ea??aieee i?aei?e?inoa oaeei /eiii a?aeiiaeythoueny e a?ae
aoaeoeai?oiai ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue, ye? ? iniiaieie ia
i?aei?e?inoa?, a naia:

— caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeieie o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie ae?iaie/i?,
?iaanoeoe?eii? oa o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino?;

— aecia/aiiy oeyo?a aoaeoeaiiai aeeaaeaiiy eai?oaeo, ioe?iea nooiaiy
?aoe?iiaeueiiai eiai aeei?enoaiiy;

— aeyaeaiiy aioo??ainiiaea?nueeeo ?aca?a?a ca?eueoaiiy i?eaooeo ca
?aooiie aeiiiiiiai aeei?enoaiiy a?ioiaeo cania?a;

— anoaiiaeaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo o?iainiaeo a?aeiinei ?c athaeaeaoii,
aaieaie oa eiio?aaaioaie;

— aeeiiaiiy ?ioa?an?a aeoe?iia??a oa ?ioeo ?iaanoi??a;

— eiio?ieue ca o?iainiaei noaiii, ieaoini?iiiaei?noth oa
e?aaeeoini?iiiaei?noth i?aei?e?inoaa.

Aeina?ae aaaaoueio ?icaeiooeo eiiiai?e i?iieneiaeo e?a?i iieaco?, ui ca
no/aniiai ?eieo, c eiai aei?noeith eiieo?aioe??th, ieaioaaiiy
o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? ? iaeaaaeeea?oith oiiaith ?o
aeaeeaaiiy, aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy oa i?ioea?oaiiy. Naia aiii aea? ciiao
iioeiaeueii iia’ycaoe iayai? iiaeeeaino? i?aei?e?inoaa uiaei aeioneo
i?iaeoeoe?? c iiieoii ? i?iiiceoe??th, ui neeaeeny ia ?eieo.

sse aeyaey?oueny ia i?aeoeoe?, i?aei?e?inoaa, ia yeeo canoiniaothoueny
iaoiaee o?iainiaiai ieaioaaiiy, iathoue ciiao aoaeoeai?oa i?aai?coaaoe
naith ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeo oa aeiiii?/io ae?yeuei?noue, aaeaea
o?iainiaa ieaioaaiiy oea ?aaeueia aeiiii?y a?ioae ? /ano.

Oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy athaeaeaoiiai ieaioaaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoa?:

1. Aeei?enoaiiy i?e athaeaeaoiiio ieaioaaii? aeinoaoiuei? ?ioi?iaoe?eii?
aace, yea a a?aeiia?aeaea aeiiaai iaiaaeaea?a ye ca e?euee?noth oae ? ca
ye?noth. Ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe oae? aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe??:

— iinoaiiae aee?aeoeaieo i?aai?a ?c ieoaiue ?icaeoeo aaeoc?;

— aea?aeaai? caeiie;

— aeo?aei? aeai?, ye? ?ic?aoiaothoueny a?aeiia?aeieie neoaeaaie
i?aei?e?inoaa i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeoo ieaio (i?eaooie, aeiiii?/i?
ii?iaoeae);

— ?acoeueoaoe iiia?aaeiuei? ?iaioe c? niiaeeaa/aie ?c anoaiiaeaiiy
aeiaaino?ieiaeo ainiiaea?nueeeo ca’yce?a oa oeeaaeaiiy aeiaiai??a
iinoaaie oa iaaeaiiy iineoa;

— ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo oa iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo
?ano?n?a (?c aeina?aeo caei?aeiiieo eiiiai?e);

— iaoa??aee aiae?co ae?iaie/i-o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? c iaoith aeyaeaiiy
aioo??oi?o ?aca?a?a ae?iaieoeoaa oa ca?eueoaiiy i?eaooeo i?aei?e?inoaa.

2. Iaoeiaa ia??oioiaai?noue ieaioaaiiy, yea ia?aaeaa/a? aeiiii?/ia
ia??oiooaaiiy o?iainiaeo iieaciee?a, a oaeiae a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ieo
?aaeueieo i?ioean?a aeiiii?/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo,
caaeainiaaiino? a ieo on?o o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a.

3. Naiino?ei?noue i?aei?e?inoa o o?iainiaiio ieaioaaii? aeanoue ciiao ?i
i?e ?ic?iaoe? o?iainiaiai ieaio aio/ei ?aaaoaaoe ia ci?ie ciai?oi?o oa
aioo??oi?o oiia ae?iaieoeoaa oa caooo. Iaiao?aei?noue naiino?eiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa a o?iainiaiio ieaioaaii? aeia?a aeina?ae i?eioniaiai
ieaioaaiiy a eieeoiueiio N?N?, eiee ieaie aoee ia?aaeueieie, a oaeoe/i?
aeai? caaeuaieie.

4. Iie?oeea oe?i ? iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo aeaiaio?a o?iainiaiai
ieaioaaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa. Oe?iiooai?aiiy — neeaaeiee
i?ioean, ine?eueee oe?ia ? aaee/eiith i?eioeeiiai iano?eeith. Ia ia?
aieeaa? noai aeiiii?ee, eii’thieoo?e ?eieo, iie?oeea eiieo?aio?a,
iina?aaeieee, iieoioe?. I?ioean oe?iiooai?aiiy iiaeiai a?aeia?aaeaoe
caaaeuei? oe?e? i?aei?e?inoaa, aooe o?nii iia’ycaieie ?c ieie.

5. I?eioeei aeiiii?/iino? iieyaa? a oiio ui aeo?aoe ia ieaioaaiiy
iiaeii? ?aoe?iiaeueii ni?aa?aeiineoeny c io?eiaieie ?acoeueoaoaie.
A?aoiaoth/e oa, ui ieaioaaiiy oea — aeineoue neeaaeiee i?ioean, yeee
iio?aao? aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao /ano, o?iain?a oiui, aeeiiaiiy oeueiai
i?eioeeio ? aeoaea aaaeeeaei. Aiii iiaea cae?enithaaoeny oeyoii ?ic?iaee
?aoe?iiaeueieo oi?i athaeaeao?a, aeeeth/aiiyi aeoaethth/i? oa ia
?aeaaaioii? ?ioi?iaoe??, a aieiaia – aoaeoeaiith i?aai?caoe??th anueiai
i?ioeano ieaioaaiiy.

6. I?eioeei aio/eino? – iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia ieai?a
iiaeiia aeiioneaoe iiaeeea?noue ei?eaoaaiiy i?e ci?i? ciai?oi?o oiia
noaio i?aei?e?inoaa. Iaiao?aei?noue ?aae?caoe?? oeueiai i?eioeeio
coiiaeaia iino?eieie ci?iaie ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua oa iio?aaith
nai?/anii? aaeaioaoe??th ieai?a aei ieo. Aeey caaacia/aiiy iaeiiai?oi?
?aae?caoe?? i?eioeeio aio/eino? aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe nenoaio
ci?iiiai ieaioaaiiy . ?? ci?no iieyaa? o ei?eaoaaii? ?c cae?i/aiiyi
anoaiiaeaiiai ieaiiaiai ia??iaeo ieai?a ia ianooii? ia??iaee. Oae, yeui
ieaie ?ic?iaeythoueny ia ??e c iiae?eii ia eaa?oaee oa i?nyoe?, oi ?c
cae?i/aiiyi eiaeiiai i?nyoey ? eaa?oaeo ieaie ia ianooii? ia??iaee
ia?aaeyaeathoueny c o?aooaaiiyi ci?i ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Ie??i
oeueiai aio/e?noue ieaioaaiiy aeinyaa?oueny noai?aiiyi ?aca?a?a,
i?aai?caoe??th i?ioeano ieaioaaiiy, ca yei? iaiaaeaea?e iiaeooue
ia??oioiaaii ci?oeithaaoe caoaa?aeaeai? aeieoiaioe.

7. Oi/i?noue – aeinyaiaiiy iaeneiaeueii aeniei? oi/iino? aeiiii?/ieo
ia?aiao??a, ca iioeiaeueieo aeo?ao ia i?ioean ieaioaaiiy.

8. Iiaiioa – ieaioaaiiy iiaeiii ioiiethaaoe an? aaeoc? ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa, a oaeiae an? aoaie , ae?? oa iia?aoe?? ye ainiiaea?nueeeo
i?ioean?a, oae ? i?ioean?a oi?aae?iiy. sseui i?e ieaioaaii? uinue
aeiaaea c noa?e oaaae iaiaaeaea?a, oi iaieio/a aeieeiaiiy o oe?e eaioe?
iaocaiaeaeaiino?, ? ye iane?aeie oeueiai c?ea?a aai ii?ooaiiy
o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa. [21,3].

AENIIAEE

Ca i?aenoieaie aeeiiaii? ?iaioe iiaeia c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee:

Athaeaeaooaaiiy — oea i?ioean ocaiaeaeaiiai ieaioaaiiy ?iaioe ?
oi?aae?iiy ae?yeuei?noth i?ae?icae?e?a ca aeiiiiiaith eiooi?en?a ?
aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a. A?aeiii, ui oe?e? eiiiai?? aeinyaathoueny
eieaa?aeueii, ? athaeaeaooaaiiy aeicaiey? nii/aoeo nieaioaaoe, a iio?i
ci??yoe aianie eiaeiiai c i?ae?icae?e?a a aeinyaiaiiy caaaeueii? iaoe.

Athaeaeaoe eeaneo?eothoueny ca ianooiieie iciaeaie:

Ca eieii ioiieaiiy iia?aoe?e i?aei?e?inoaa oa ??aiai a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?
(ooieoe?iiaeueiee, caaaeaiee); ca i?ecia/aiiyi (iia?aoe?eiee, o?iainiaee
athaeaeao eai?oaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?e); ca /aniaith iciaeith
(ei?ioeino?ieiaee, aeiaaino?ieiaee); ca iaoiaeeeith neeaaeaiiy
(noaoe/iee, aio/eee); Ca oa?i?iii neeaaeaiiy (ui??/iee, aacia?a?aiee).

Iiaiioe?iia aioo??oiueio??iiaa athaeaeaooaaiiy, oiaoi athaeaeaooaaiiy ye
oi?aae?inueea oaoiieia?y, aeeth/a? o?e neeaaeia? /anoeie.

— Oaoiieia?y athaeaeaooaaiiy.

— I?aai?caoe?y athaeaeaooaaiiy.

— Aaoiiaoecaoe?y o?iainiaeo ?ic?aooie?a.

Athaeaeaoe iiaeooue ?ic?iaeyoeny ia ??/i?e iniia? (c ?icaeaeith ii
i?nyoeyo) ? ia iniia? aacia?a?aiiai ieaioaaiiy (i?ioyaii ? eaa?oaeo
ia?aaeyaea?oueny eiooi?en ia 2 eaa?oae ? neeaaea?oueny eiooi?en ia 1
eaa?oae ianooiiiai ?ieo, athaeaeao oaanue /an i?iaeoo?oueny ia ??e
oia?aae).

Iia?aoe?eiee ? o?iainiaee athaeaeao ooai?youe aaia?aeueiee athaeaeao
i?aei?e?inoaa.

Athaeaeaoiee eiio?ieue — oea i?ioean c?noaaeaiiy oaeoe/ieo ?acoeueoao?a
c athaeaeaoieie, aiae?c a?aeoeeaiue ? aianaiiy iaiao?aeieo, ei?aeoea?a.
Caaaeaiiy athaeaeaoiiai eiio?ieth — i?eaa?iooe oaaao aei cia/ieo
a?aeoeeaiue, ye? aeiaaathoue aeaoaeuei?oiai aiae?co, ui aeicaiey?
cae?enithaaoe oi?aae?iiy ii a?aeoeeaiiyo. Oi?aae?iiy ii a?aeoeeaiiyo —
oea i?eioeei oi?aae?iiy, ca?aeii yeiio oaaaa eiioeaio?o?oueny o?eueee ia
cia/ieo a?aeoeeaiiyo a?ae ieaio. Iieacieee, ye? aeeiiothoueny
caaeia?eueii, aei oaaae ia aa?ooueny.

Ca?o i?i aeeiiaiiy — oea caaaeaiiy aeaieo, a yeiio ii??aiththoueny
caieaiiaai? ? oaeoe/i? iieacieee ? ?ic?aoiaothoueny a?aeoeeaiiy c
aeac?aeith ?o i?e/ei.

A?aeoeeaiiy i?ae?icae?eythoueny caeaaeii a?ae: io?eiaiiai ?acoeueoaoo
(iiceoeai? ? iaaaoeai?); ?ici??o ?acoeueoaoo (cia/i? ? iacia/i?);
i?e/eie aeieeiaiiy (a?aeoeeaiiy oiane?aeie ieaioaaiiy ? a?aeoeeaiiy
oiane?aeie ae?yeueiino?). A?aeoeeaiiy oiane?aeie ieaioaaiiy — oea
iiieeee ? i?i?aooiee a i?ioean? neeaaeaiiy i?iaiic?a, aecia/aiiy
ooieoe?? aeo?ao ? aeioiae?a, eaeueeoeyoe?? ieaiiai? nia?aa?oino?, ?
oe?i. A?aeoeeaiiy oiane?aeie ae?yeueiino? — ?acoeueoao ae?e ia?niiaeo
aai iaaieo iiae?e (ci?ia iiieoo, eieeaaiiy oe?i ? ?i.).

Cia/iee ?ici?? a?aeoeeaiue aeiaaa? aeaoaeueiiai aea/aiiy ?o i?e/eie ca
aeiiiiiaith aeiaeaoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe??. Caeaaeii a?ae i?e/eie cia/ieo
a?aeoeeaiue iiaeeea? aeaa aeueoa?iaoeai? ??oaiiy:

— ei?aeooaaiiy aai ia?aaeyae athaeaeaoo, ca iayaiino? ia??oiooaaiue, ui
aeeiioaaoe eiai iaaeioe?eueii;

— aianaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo ei?aeoea?a a ae??, uia caaacia/eoe aeinyaiaiiy
caieaiiaaii? iaoe.

Oaeei /eiii, ca?o i?i aeeiiaiiy athaeaeaoo caaacia/o? cai?ioiee ca’ycie,
i?eaa?oa? oaaao aei cia/ieo a?aeoeeaiue a?ae i/?eoaaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ui
a naith /a?ao aea? iiaeeea?noue cae?enithaaoe oi?aae?iiy ii
a?aeoeeaiiyo.

Ioaea, nenoaia athaeaeaooaaiiy, caniiaaia ia eiio?ieueiaaiiio i?iaiic?,
ia? oe?eee ?yae ia?aaaa ? a no/anieo oiiaao ? iaeiei c iaea?eueo
ia?aaeiaeo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy. Athaeaeaooaaiiy canoiniao?oueny o
aaaaoueio iaeanoyo oi?aae?iiy. Oae:

— o o?iainiaiio iaiaaeaeiaio? i?e eiai aeiiiiic? iiaeia cacaeaeaa?aeue
noi?ioaaoe aeineoue ynia i?aaenoaaeaiiy i?i no?oeoo?o a?ciano
i?aai?caoe??, ?aaoethaaoe ianya aeo?ao o iaaeao, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue
caaaeueiiio i?eieeao eioo?a, aecia/eoa, eiee ? ia yeo noio iiaeiia aooe
caaacia/aia o?iainoaaiiy;

— a iaeano? oi?aae?iiy eiia?oe?eiith ae?yeuei?noth oeae iaoiae ciooo?
ea??aiee?a nenoaiaoe/ii caeiaoeny ia?eaoeiaii aeey ?ic?iaee a?eueo
oi/ieo i?iaiic?a ? aecia/aoe iaea?eueo aeioe?euei? e aoaeoeai?
eiia?oe?ei? caoiaee a iaaeao, caaacia/aieo iayaieie ?ano?nieie
iiaeeeainoyie aeey ?oiueiai cae?eniaiiy;

— a iaeano? i?aai?caoe?? caaaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy oeae iaoiae /?oei
aecia/a? cia/aiiy ? i?noea eiaeii? ooieoe?? (eiia?oe?eii?, ae?iaie/i?,
o?iainiai?, aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ? o.ae.), cae?enithaaii? a i?aai?caoe??,
aeicaiey? caaacia/eoe iaeaaeio eii?aeeiaoe?th ae?yeueiino? oeeo neoaea,
i???iooth/e ?o ia ni?eueio ae?yeuei?noue aeey aeinyaiaiiy caoaa?aeaeaieo
o athaeaeao? iieaciee?a;

— a iaeano? oi?aae?iiy aeo?aoaie oeae iaoiae ni?ey? a?eueo iuaaeeeaiio
aeei?enoaiith ?ano?n?a ? caaacia/o? iiooe oeyo?a cieaeaiiy aeo?ao.

NIENIE AEEI?ENOIAOAAII? E?OA?AOO?E

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2. INAI ?1 “Caaaeuei? aeiiae aei o?iainiai? ca?oiino?” caoaa?aeaeaii
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3. INAI ?2 “Aaeain” caoaa?aeaeaii iaeacii I?i?noa?noaa o?iain?a Oe?a?ie
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4. INAI ?3 “Ca?o i?i o?iainia? ?acoeueoaoe” caoaa?aeaeaii iaeacii
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5. Noaooo A?aee?eoiai Aeoe?iia?iiai Oiaa?enoaa «Aea?aeaaia
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8. A?eooa I.A. Oi?aae?inueeee iae?e: I?ae?o/iee — E.:Ciaiiy, EII, 2003-
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9. Aooeiaoeue O.O., Aeaaeaethe O.A., Iaethaa I.I., *eaeaanueea E.A.
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16. A?aaiaa I.I. Aeia?ianueeee A.I. Aooaaeoa?nueeee iae?e o ae?iaie/eo ?
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– 240n.

18. Caaai?iaei?e A.I. Aaoiiaoecaoe?y aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo, eiio?ieth,
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19. ?aaoeaae/ A.A. Aooaaeoa?nueeee oi?aae?inueeee iae?e; Iaa/. iin. aeey
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20. Eaaa??ia I.Ae. Oi?aae?inueeee iae?e: nenoaie, iaoiaee,
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24. Iaenooia C. Nenoaia iieaciee?a a oi?aae?inueeiio iae?eo i?aei?e?inoa
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25. Ieeiea?aa I.Y., Aeaen??aa I.A. No?aoaa?/iee oi?aae?inueeee iae?e:
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26. ?oaeaiei E.A., Iiaeieuenea A.I., ss??o I.A. Aiae?c
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27. Oi?aae?inueeee iae?e: O/a.-iaoiae. iin?a. aeey nooae. niaoe. «Iae?e
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28. Oi?a?ai *.O.,Oinoa? Aeae. Aooaaeoa?nueeee iae?e.-Oi?aae?inueeee
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30. *a?iia A.A. Oi?aaeai/aneee o/ao e aiaeec eiiia?/aneie
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