Вугільна промисловість України і Польщі: сучасний стан та перспективи

Aoa?eueia i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie ? Iieueu?: no/aniee noai oa ia?niaeoeae

Anooi

O ?a?ii? ia nueiaiaei? o?eueee aea? e?a?ie, – Oe?a?ia ? Iieueua, –
caa?aaee aoaeaaeiaoaio i?iieneia?noue, yea i?aoeth? ye aeey
aia?aaoe/iiai, oae ? aeey iaoaeo?a?eiiai naeoi?a aeiiii?ee. I?e oeueiio
yeui Iieueua i?aeoe/ii caaa?oeea ?? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?th, oi Oe?a?ia ua
i?iaeiaaeo? oeae i?ioean. Oiio aeina?ae Iieueu? a cacia/ai?e aaeoc? ?
aeoaea oe?iiei aeey Oe?a?ie. Noaooy aena?oeth? noai, i?iaeaie e
ia?niaeoeae oe?a?inueei? ? iieuenueei? aoa?eueii? aaeoc?, i?noeoue
aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iiaeaeueoeo e?ie?a o ?aoi?ioaaii?
oe?a?inueei? aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? c o?aooaaiiyi iieuenueeiai
aeina?aeo.

1. Na?oiaa aoa?eueia i?iieneia?noue

O na?oia?e aeiiii?oe? aoa?eey aeei?enoiao?oueny ye iniiaiee aia?aiiin?e,
iin?aeath/e o?aoth iiceoe?th ca ianyaaie aeei?enoaiiy i?ney iaooe oa
i?e?iaeiiai aaco.

O na?oiaiio ae?iaieoeoa? aeaeo?iaia?a?? /anoea aoa?eey – (2001 ?.) –
39,1%, i?e?iaeiiai aaco – 17,4%; a?ae?iaia?a?? – 17,1%; aoiiii? aia?a??
– 16,9%; iaooe – 7,9%. A e?a?iao ?N /anoea aoa?eey o ae?iaieoeoa?
aeaeo?iaia?a?? ieae/a – 15–27%, a Oe?a?i? – 26%.

Na?oia? caiane aoa?eey ? iaea?eueoeie na?aae ai?th/eo eiiaeei ? a
ia?a?aooieo ia ai?th/a iaeeai neeaaeathoue 66% ?o caaaeueiiai ianyao.

Ia iaooo i?eiaaea? 18%, ia i?e?iaeiee aac – 15%. A Oe?a?i? oe? iieacieee
noaiiaeyoue a?aeiia?aeii 95,4% 2 ? 2,6%.

Iaea?eueo? caaaeuei? ?ano?ne aoa?eey ciaoiaeyoueny a NOA, EI?, ?in??,
Aano?ae??, Eaiaae?, O?I, IA?, Aaeeeia?eoai??, Iieueu?, ?iae??, Oe?a?i?.

Ca i?iaiicieie ioe?ieaie na?oiaa iio?aaa aoa?eey a 2010 ?. neeaaea 4293
iei. o, i?e oeueiio ia e?a?ie ?N i?eiaaea 2057 iei. o, Cao?aeio ?a?iio –
406, No?aeio ?a?iio – 610, I?ai?/io Aia?eeo – 1040 iei. o.

Aeaeiaooie aoa?eey a?aeiia?aeii aeinyaia 4300 (aanue na?o), 2013 (?N),
122, 607, 1285 iei. o, ?iii?o – 630, 352, 290, 36, 19 iei. o, aenii?o –
637, 308, 5, 33, 270 iei. o a?aeiia?aeii. ?iii?o o Cao?aeio ?a?iio
ae?inoa c 150 aei 290 iei. o. Ia ae?iaieoeoai aia?a?? a e?a?iao ?N
aeo?a/a?oueny 60% aoa?eey, o na?o? – 45%. Iaea?eueoeie aoaeaaeiaoaieie
e?a?iaie a oeae ia??iae aoaeooue: Aano?ae?y, ?iae?y, Eeoae, Iieueua,
IA?, ?in?y, NOA, Oe?a?ia. Aiie aoaeooue aeaaaoe aeecueei 85% eai’yiiai
aoa?eey. *anoea ?N ciaioeoueny c 52% (1990) aei 46% (2010).

2. Aoa?eueia i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie

2.1 Caiane aoa?eey a Oe?a?i?

Ca aaieia?/ieie caianaie aeeiiiiai aoa?eey Oe?a?ia iin?aea? ia?oa i?noea
a ?a?ii? e ainueia i?noea o na?o?. ?ica?aeai? caiane aoa?eey a Oe?a?i?
neeaaeathoue 34,0 ie?ae. o o. i. aai aeecueei 50 ie?ae. o (noaiii ia
1998 ?.). I?iaiici? caiane – aeecueei 120 ie?ae. o. O no?oeoo??
aaeainiaeo caian?a i?aaenoaaeai? an? ia?ee a?ae aoa?eey ao?iai aei
aenieiiaoaii?o?ciaaieo aio?aoeeo?a.

Ieoiia aaaa ia?ie aoa?eey neeaaea? (%): ao?a (A) – 6,6; aeiaaiiieoiaiaaa
(Ae) – 22,4; aaciaa (A) – 36,1; aaciai-aee?ia (AAE) – 4,1%; aee?ia (AE)
– 4,7%; eien?aia (E) – 3,1%; ii?niaia ni?eeeaa (IN) – 3,3%; i?nia (I) –
8,4; aio?aoeeoe (A) – 11,3%. Aaia?ao?/ii aoa?euei? caiane cina?aaeaeai?
a i’yoe iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie – ianaiia?aae o Aeiiaoeuee?e, Eoaainuee?e,
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e. Ia?aaaaeia /anoea caian?a aoa?eey cina?aaeaeaia a
Aeiiaoeueeiio aoa?eueiiio aanaei?. Aoa?eey oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ii??aiyii
aaeeeith cieuei?noth – aeecueei 25% ? aenieith n??/eno?noth – 2,5%.

2.2 Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?

?noi??y aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie iae?/o? iiiaae 120 ?ie?a.

Iaea?eueoee aeaeiaooie cao?eniaaii a 1976 ?. – 218,1 iei. o, ia
nueiaiaei? (2007 ?.) – 75,5 iei. o. I?e oeueiio ii I?iaoaeai?iio
aeaeiaooi 42,2 iei. o. (Aeiiaoeueea iaeanoue – 19,3 iei. o, Eoaainueea –
19,4 iei. o).

Oaooiee oiiae neeaaea? ia o?aaaiue 2008 ?. 160 oaoo, ?c ieo 140 –
aea?aeaai?. O 1991 ?. ia?aoiaoaaeiny 276 oaoo.

Ae?iaie/a iiooaei?noue iayaiiai oaooiiai oiiaeo a 2007 ?. – 95 iei. o
aoa?eey ia ??e. O 1991 ?. – 193 iei. o.

E?euee?noue ae?th/eo eaa IAI o 2007 ?. – 253, o o. /.
eiiieaenii-iaoai?ciaaieo aeai?a – 143.

Iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ae?th/ee i/eniee aea?e noaiiaeoue: caaaeaiiy 790 o ia
aeiao (?aaeueii a 2007 ?. – 742 o ia aeiao).

I?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? ?ia?oieea (2007 ?.) – 21,9 o/i?nyoeue.

Na?aaeiy aeeaeia ?ic?iaee aoa?eueieo ieano?a – iiiaae 720 i. Aeecueei
20% oaoo i?aoeththoue ia ai?eciioao 1000–1400 i.

Na?aaeiy oiaueia aoa?eueiiai ieanoa – aeecueei 1 i. O Aeiiaan? aeecueei
85% aoa?eey oeeaaeaii a ieanoao iiooaei?noth aei 1,2 i.

Caeyaaiiy ieano?a: iieiaa (65%) ? e?ooiniaaeia (35%).

Oaeoi?e iaaaciaee: 90% oaoo iaaacia/i? /a?ac iaoai, 60% – /a?ac aeaooe
aoa?eueiiai ieeo; 45% – /a?ac ?aioia? aeeeaee; 22% – /a?ac naiicaeiaiiy
aoa?eey. O 2002 ?. eiao?oe??io o?aaioaaiiy neeaaeaa ia 1 iei. o 26,7
in?a, eiao?oe??io nia?oaeueiiai o?aaiaoecio – 3,3 iniae. E?euee?noue
i?ioan?eieo caoai?thaaiue – 56 oen. in?a.

Ethaenueeee iioaioe?ae aoa?eueii? aaeoc?. Ca inoaii? 16 ?ie?a
/enaeuei?noue i?aoe?aiee?a o aaeoc? ciaioeeany ia 640 oen. /ie. (74%
caaaeueii? e?eueeino?) ? nueiaiaei? neeaaea? aeecueei 224 oen. /ie.

Iieaoa i?aoe? a??iee?a. O 2002 ?. na?aaeiy ca?ia?oia ieaoa oe?a?inueeiai
oaooa?y ii I?iaoaeai?iio neeaaeaea 564 a?i. (i?iaeeoeiaee i?i?ioi ia oie
/an – 365 a?i.), o 2007 ?ioe? na?aaeiy ca?ia?oia ieaoa oe?a?inueeiai
oaooa?y – iaioa 2 000 a?i. Na?aae 14 ia?oeo aoaeaaeaeiaoaieo e?a?i – oea
iaeei ?c iaea??oeo iieaciee?a. O 2008 ?. a?aeaoeiny c?inoaiiy
na?aaeiuei? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ia 18% – aei 2683 a?i. I?iaiico?oueny, ui
i?ney i?eeiyooy caeiio Oe?a?ie «I?i i?aeaeuaiiy i?anoeaeiino?
oaooa?nueei? i?aoe?» aaea a n?/i? 2009 ?. na?aaeiy ca?ia?oia ieaoa ia
i?aecaiieo ?iaioao neeaaea 5019 a?i., a??iee?a i/eniiai aeaith – 6370
a?i., i?io?aeiee?a – 6010 a?i.

Caaaeueia e?aaeeoi?nueea caai?aiaai?noue aoaeaaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoa
ia?aaeuo? 7 ie?ae. a?i., a?eueo?noue ?c ieo aaie?ooe.

2.3 ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie

?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y aoea caii/aoeiaaia a 1996 ?. ca?aeii c Oeacii
I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie «I?i no?oeoo?io ia?aaoaeiao aoa?eueii?
i?iieneiaino?». ?a?iiaenuee? e?a?ie-aiaeiae c oi/ee ci?o
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? aoa?eueii? aaeoc?: Aaeuea?y, Aaeeeia?eoai?y, ?niai?y,
I?ia//eia, O?aioe?y, Iieueua.

Iniiai? oe?e? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??: 1. Caaacia/aiiy aeiiii?ee e?a?ie
a?o/eciyiei aoa?eeyi. 2. Aeinyaiaiiy aeiiii?/ii? ?aioaaaeueiino? e
aeieia?/ii? aacia/iino? ?iaioe aoa?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa. 3.
Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia noaa?euei?noue o aoa?eueieo ?aa?iiao.

Ia?aaeoiiae, i?eioeeie oa caoiaee ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??. Oni?o
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ca ?ic?iaeaie I?aeia?iaeiiai aia?aaoe/iiai aaaionoaa c
aeine?aeaeaiue o aoa?euei?e aaeoc? caeaaeeoue a?ae e?eueeio oiia:

· noai?aiiy aeiaaio?eaaei? no?aoaa?/ii? i?ia?aie ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??,
?ic?iaea oa i?eeiyooy yei?, ii-ia?oa, ia?aaeaa/a? o/anoue on?o
caoe?eaaeaieo noi??i – ea??aieoeoaa aea?aeaae, i?ioni?eie, i?noeaaeo
a?iiaae, ?iaioiaeaaoe?a; ea??aia no?oeoo?a, ye?e aei?o/aia eii?aeeiaoe?y
ae?e i?e ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??, oaeiae aeeth/a? i?aaenoaaiee?a on?o
caoe?eaaeaieo noi??i; ii-ae?oaa, i?ia?aia ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? a?aeiia?aea?
iia?e?ciaaiei (iayaiei ? caeo/aiei) ?ano?nai aeey ?aae?caoe?? caoiae?a
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??;

· aei?noeiai eiio?ieth c aieo aea?aeaae ca aeei?enoaiiyi ?ano?n?a ia
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?th. sseui oey oiiaa ia aeeiio?oueny, oi ci?iththoue
?icii?yaeieea o?iain?a (aeina?ae Aaeuea??). Aeey caeo/aieo
?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a iiaeooue noai?thaaoeny niaoe?aeuei? aaaionoaa
(Aaeeea A?eoai?y);

· ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y iaia’yceiai ia?aaeaa/a? caoiaee a?aeiiaeaiiy
aeiiii?/ii? aeoeaiino? oaooa?nueeeo ?aa?ii?a, caaacia/aiiy caeiyoino?
ianaeaiiy.

Aeio?eiaiiy oeeo oiia, iniaeeai ia?oi?, caaacia/o? «i’yeee» noeaia??e
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? (i?eeeaae – I?ia//eia, ?o?), iaaeio?eiaiiy –
«aei?noeee» noeaia??e ?c aeai?an??th oaooa?nueeeo ?aa?ii?a, a?aeiiaeaiiy
yeeo aeiaaa? aaeeeeo ?ano?n?a ? /ano (iaaaoeaiee aeina?ae Aaeeei?
A?eoai??).

2.3.1 Ii?iaoeaia aaca ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ? o?ae iiae?e uiaei
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??

O aa?ani? 2001 ?. aoa i?eeiyoee nenoaiiee aeieoiaio – I?ia?aia
«Oe?a?inueea aoa?eey», ?ic?aoiaaiee ia ia??iae 2001–2010 ??. A?i
ia?aaeaa/aa eo?n ia ?icaea?aeaaeaiiy aoa?eueii? aaeoc?, cie?aia
i?eoaeaeoaiiy i?ioeano ei?ii?aoecaoe?? oaoo, aecia/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii
i?eaaaeeaeo ia’?eo?a oa i?iaaaeaiiy ?o i?eaaoecaoe??.

Iaeiae o 2002–2003 ??. a?aeaoaaeany no?oeoo?ia ?aoi?ia aaeoc?, yea ia
a?aeiia?aeaea i?ia?ai? «Oe?a?inueea aoa?eey». I?iaoaeai?ii ia?aaeaa/aa
?icaea?aeaaeaiiy ia ie?aieo ia’?eo?a, a oe?e?nieo eiiieaen?a, ye?
ii/eiaee noai?thaaoeny. Ia aac? aea?aeaaieo oieaeeiaiaeo eiiiai?e,
ae?iaie/eo ia’?aeiaiue oa naiino?eieo oaoo noai?aii 21 aea?aeaaio
eiiiai?th. Aei ?o neeaaeo aoiaeeee ye ?aioaaaeuei?, oae ? ia?aioaaaeuei?
i?aei?e?inoaa, ye? ao?a/aee noaoon th?eaee/ii? iniae. Ca oaei? no?oeoo?e
?aioaaaeuei? i?aei?e?inoaa ia iaee noeioeo aeey ?icaeoeo. Aeiyoie – AeOE
«Iaaeia?aaeaoa?eey», yea i?eaaoecoaaeany.

O eeii? 2005 ?. Eaa?iaoii i?i?no??a Oe?a?ie aoea noaaeaia Eiioeaioe?y
?icaeoeo aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?. Ca?aeii c Eiioeaioe??th iniiai?
iai?yie ?aoi?ioaaiiy aaeoc? aeeth/athoue:

– i?eaaoecaoe?th ia eiieo?nieo canaaeao i?eaaaeeaeo aeey ?iaanooaaiiy
oaoo (?ic??c?a), caeaoieo caaacia/eoe naiio?iainoaaiiy iiaeaeueoiai
?icaeoeo;

– i?eaaoecaoe?th iaeii?eaaaeeaeo aeey ?iaanooaaiiy oaoo (?ic??c?a) ye
oe?e?nieo iaeiiaeo eiiieaen?a ia i?eueaia?e iniia? c i?iaaaeaiiyi
eiieo?n?a i?ia?ai ?oiueiai ?icaeoeo.

Iaeaaaeeea?oith ia?aaeoiiaith oi?ioaaiiy o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino?
?eieiaiai eiieo?aioiiai na?aaeiaeua ? noai?aiiy a?aee?eoiai, i?ici?iai
aioo??oiueiai ?eieo aoa?eey.

?aae?caoe?y Eiioeaioe?? ?icae?eaia ia o?e aoaie:

Ia ia?oiio aoai? (2006–2010 ?iee) aoaea i?eae?eaii oaaao eiiieaeniiio
?ica’ycaiith i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo oaooiiai oiiaeo oeyoii eiai a?aeoai?aiiy
ia no/ani?e oaoi?/i?e ? oaoiieia?/i?e iniia? oa iiaeaeueoiai
?icaea?aeaaeaiiy. Aei 2010 ?ieo ianya aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey
ia?aaeaa/a?oueny ca?eueoeoe aei 90,9 iei. oiii ia ??e, a ae?iaie/eo
iiooaeiinoae – aei 105,8 iei. oiii ia ??e. Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii
aaanoe a aenieoaoaoe?th ae?iaie/? iiooaeiino? ianyaii 17 iei. oiii ca
?aooiie caaa?oaiiy aoae?aieoeoaa ae?oaeo /a?a ia o?ueio oaooao, a oaeiae
?aeiino?oeoe?? ae?th/eo aoaeaaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoa. Oea aeanoue ciiao
caaeiaieueieoe iio?aao iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee a aia?aaoe/iiio aoa?ee?
ca ?aooiie aeaniiai aeaeiaooeo. Ianya aenii?oo aia?aaoe/iiai aoa?eey
iinooiiai ciaioeoueny aei 5 iei. oiii.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? (2011–2015 ?iee) ia?aaeaa/a?oueny ca?eueoeoe ianya
aoaeaaeaeiaooeo aei 96,5 iei. oiii, a ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae – aei
112,2 iei. oiii ia ??e. Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii aaanoe a aenieoaoaoe?th
ae?iaie/? iiooaeiino? ianyaii 8,8 iei. oiii ca ?aooiie caaa?oaiiy
aoae?aieoeoaa o?ueio iiaeo oaoo, ye? aoee caeeaaeai? aei 2001 ?ieo, oa
i?iaeiaaeaiiy ?aeiino?oeoe?? ae?th/eo aoaeaaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoa. C
iaoith i?aeo?eiaiiy iiceoeaii? aeeiai?ee ?icaeoeo ae?iaie/eo
iiooaeiinoae iaiao?aeii c 2011 ?ieo cae?enieoe caeeaaeaiiy /ioe?ueio
iiaeo oaoo.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? (2016–2030 ?iee) ?c o?aooaaiiyi iiceoeaii? aeeiai?ee
iiia?aaeiueiai aeanyoe??//y ye a aeiiii?oe? aea?aeaae a oe?eiio, oae ? o
aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? cie?aia ianya aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey iiaeiai aooe
ca?eueoaiee o 2030 ?ioe? aei 112 iei. oiii ia ??e. Ianya ae?iaie/eo
iiooaeiinoae ia e?iaoeue ia??iaeo, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny, iiaeiai c?inoe
aei 124,4 iei. oiii ia ??e i?e eiao?oe??io? ?o aeei?enoaiiy 90
a?aenioe?a.

O o?aai? 2008 ?. i?eeiyoi «Eiioeaioe?th ?aoi?ioaaiiy aoa?eueii? aaeoc?».

Iaoa Eiioeaioe?? – caaacia/aiiy i?enei?aiiai ?icaeoeo aoa?eueii?
i?iieneiaino? oa aeinyaiaiiy iieaciee?a ?iaioe, ia?aaeaa/aieo
Aia?aaoe/iith no?aoaa??th Oe?a?ie ia ia??iae aei 2030 ?ieo
(145a-2006-?), oeyoii ?eieiaiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa ? nenoaiiiai
onoiaiiy e?eciaeo /eiiee?a.

Ii noo?, oey Eiioeaioe?y ii?aoeueiao? iaoai?ci ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
aoa?eueii? aaeoc?, a iniia? yeiai ? i?eaaoecaoe?y an?o aoaeaaeiaoaieo
i?aei?e?inoa oeyoii oeiiieaeooaaiiy ?o o 22 eioe. ?acii ?c oei,
Eiioeaioe?y ia?aaeaa/a? oe?ieee niaeo? caoiae?a caeiiiaeaa/iai,
oaoi?/iiai e o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

Oaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaa/i? aace aeeth/a? ?ic?iaeaiiy caeiiiaeaa/eo
aeo?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia noai?aiiy oiia aeey aaeaioaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa
aaeoc? aei ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua oa ni?eyiiy ?? ?icaeoeo. O ia?oo /a?ao
?ic?iaeythoueny aeoe, ni?yiiaai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy i?anoeaeiino?
oaooa?nueei? i?aoe?, a?aeiiaeaiiy oa c?inoaiiy ethaenueeiai iioaioe?aeo
aaeoc?, ?ica’ycaiiy ?ioeo i?iaeai, ui ni?eyoeia caaacia/aiith iaeaaeiiai
??aiy oaoi?ee aaciaee oa ioi?iie i?aoe? ia aoa?eueieo oaooao,
i?aeaeuaiith ??aiy iieaoe i?aoe? oaooa??a, nioe?aeueiiio caoenoo
i?aoe?aiee?a aaeoc? oa /eai?a ?o n?iae.

I??i?eoaoii ? noai?aiiy caeiiiaeaa/i? aace aeey i?enei?aiiy i?ioean?a
i?eaaoecaoe?? o aoa?euei?e aaeoc? c o?aooaaiiyi ?? iniaeeainoae. O
a?aeiia?aeieo caeiiii?iaeoao iiaeii? aooe a?aoiaai? niaoeeo?ea ?icaeoeo
oa no?oeoo?iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?, ii?yaeie
i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc?, iaoai?ci caeo/aiiy iaaea?aeaaieo
?iaanoeoe?e, aecia/aiiy nioe?aeueii i???ioiaaieo ciaia’ycaiue
no?aoaa?/ieo ?iaanoi??a, caaacia/aiiy iaae?eiiai, aacia/iiai aeey
i?aoe?aiee?a oa iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?eaaoeciaaieo oaoo oiui.

Aecia/aeueiei iai?yiii ? caeiiiaeaa/a a?aaoethaaiiy i?ioeaaeo?e
o?iainiai? naiaoe?? oa aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio aea?aeaaiiai
noaneaeoaaiiy aoaeaaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoa aea?aeaaiiai naeoi?a c
o?aooaaiiyi ii?i ? aeiia NIO oa ?N. A?aeiia?aei? caeiiii?iaeoe
ni?yiiaothoueny ia noai?aiiy aeiiii?/ieo oiia aeey ??aiii?aaii? ?eieiai?
eiieo?aioe?? aoaeaaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoa, ye? ca ia’?eoeaieie
i?e?iaeieie e ae?iaie/eie iieacieeaie iathoue ??ciee ??aaiue
?aioaaaeueiino?; caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaii? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? aoa?eueii?
i?iieneiaino?, i?enei?aiiy ?? iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo; ?ica’ycaiiy
?yaeo nioe?aeueieo oa aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai, coiiaeaieo caeoeia?noth oaoo.

Oaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaa/i? aace ia?aaeaa/a? oaeiae ?ic?iaeaiiy aeo?a,
ye? aecia/athoue iniiai? canaaee ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo aoa?eey, cie?aia
?aaoeththoue ieoaiiy uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeiiai iaoai?cio, oa
noi?aeieo ?eie?a (aeaeo?iaia?a??, a??ie/iai iaeaaeiaiiy oiui); oiiae
i?iaeaaeo aoa?eueii? i?iaeoeoe?? ia a??aeiaeo oi?aao, i?aaeea e
niaoeeo?eo oeeaaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo a??aeiaeo eiio?aeo?a; iaoiaee
aecia/aiiy aaciai? oe?ie aoa?eueii? i?iaeoeoe?? ia iioiaiio ?eieo
aoa?eey aai noa?oiai? oe?ie oi?a?a; ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoai?cio
aa?aiooaaiiy iaee?aui? oe?ie, ca yeiai ae?iaieee aoa?eueii? i?iaeoeoe??
ciiaeooue iaeneiaeueii a?aeoeiaeoaaoe nai? ae?iaie/? aeo?aoe oa aoaeooue
caoe?eaaeai? a i?iaeaaeo i?iaeoeoe?? ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieo aoa?eey.

?aoi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinei aeaniino?. Caoiaee, ui cae?eniththoueny o noa??
a?aeiinei aeaniino?, ni?yiiaothoueny ia nenoaiio i?eaaoecaoe?th
i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc?. Iniiaiei iaoiaeii i?eaaoecaoe?? aoa?eueieo
i?aei?e?inoa ? i?iaeaaeo iaeao?a aeoe?e ? a?aee?eoee aoeoe?iiiee
i?iaeaae.

I?aeaioiaea aei i?eaaoecaoe?? aeeth/a? ?iaaioa?ecaoe?th an?o ia’?eo?a
aea?aeaaiiai naeoi?a aoa?eueii? aaeoc?, ?aca?aieo ae?eyiie aoa?eueieo
?iaeiaeu aeey aoae?aieoeoaa iiaeo oaoo ? i?aei?e?inoa ae?iaie/i?
?io?ano?oeoo?e; neeaaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo ?a?no??a ? ianii?o?a ia eiaeiee
i?eaaoecaoe?eiee ia’?eo ?c aecia/aiiyi eiai iniiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee
(ae?iaie/ee noai, ianya caian?a aoa?eey, /enaeuei?noue ia?niiaeo,
ae?iaie/a oa nioe?aeueia ?io?ano?oeoo?a, o?iainiaa noaiiaeua, iio?aaa a
?iaanoeoe?yo oiui); a?oioaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo ia’?eo?a o i?eaaoecaoe?ei?
eioe ?c caaacia/aiiyi ?o iaeneiaeueii? ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino?;
?ic?iaeaiiy oa canoinoaaiiy a ?ac? iaiao?aeiino? noaie o?iainiai?
naiaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy ?oiuei? ?iaanoeoe?eii?
i?eaaaeeaino?.

I?ae i?eaaoecaoe?eiei eioii ?icoi??oueny a?oia ia’?eo?a, yea
i?iiiio?oueny aeey i?iaeaaeo. Iaeiei eioii ia a?aee?eoiio aoeoe?ii? aeey
i?iaeaaeo iiaeooue aenoaaeyoeny oe?e?ni? iaeiia? eiiieaene aea?aeaaieo
aoaeaaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoa; oaooe, ye? a?aei?aoethaaee i?iieneia?
caiane aoa?eey e iiaeii? aooe i?aeaioiaeai? aei cae?eooy; oaooe, ui
cae?eaathoueny; oaooe c? cia/ieie caianaie aoa?eey, ye? oei/aniai
i?eieieee ae?iaie/o ae?yeuei?noue; ?aca?ai? ae?eyiee aeey aoae?aieoeoaa
oaoo; oaooe-iiaiaoaeiae.

Ie?aii i?iiiiothoueny aeey i?eaaoecaoe?? ia’?eoe aoa?eueii? aaeoc?
(ae?th/? oaooe, oaooe-iiaiaoaeiae, ?aca?ai? ae?eyiee aeey aoae?aieoeoaa
oaoo) oeyoii i?iaeaaeo a neeaae? ?aeeiiai eioa ?acii ?c oaieiaeie
aeaeo?inoaioe?yie.

Oi?ioea aecia/aiiy noa?oiai? oe?ie eioa iiaeiia a?aoiaoaaoe, e??i
aaeainiai? aa?oino? ia’?eoa, oe?ii?noue aoa?eueiiai ?iaeiaeua c
o?aooaaiiyi iiaeeeainoae ca?eueoaiiy ia’?io aoaeaaeaeiaooeo, i/?eoaaio
i?eaooeia?noue ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, ianya ?iaanoeoe?e,
iaiao?aeiee aeey caaacia/aiiy i?eaooeiaino?, o?iainia? oa nioe?aeuei?
ciaia’ycaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa, ui i?eaaoeco?oueny.

No?iee ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? oa iiiaeaiiy oaooiiai oiiaeo, iiaea?i?caoe?? oa
i?aeaeuaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai ??aiy aoa?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa aecia/athoueny
ca?aeii c iieiaeaiiyie nei?eaiaaii? I?ia?aie «Oe?a?inueea aoa?eey».
?acii ?c oei, ye cacia/ea I?i?no? aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? A. ?.
Iieoaaaoeue, oaea a ae?oaiio i?a??//? 2008 ?. iathoue c’yaeoeny i?iaeoe
o?yaeiaeo ??oaiue uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy aaeoccth.
E??i oiai, ia?aae i?i?noa?noaii iinoaaeaia caaaeaiiy c ae?oaiai eaa?oaeo
cai?iaaaeeoe i?iaeaae eien?aiiai aoa?eey ia a??aeiaeo oi?aao oa
caaacia/eoe aeeiiaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo i?ia?ai aia?ai- e
?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy. O?aaaiue iei?oiueiai ?ieo iacaaii inoaoi/iei
oa?i?iii aeey i?aeaioiaee i?eaaoecaoe?eieo oaiae ? oi?ioaaiiy
i?eaaoecaoe?eieo eio?a ?c oei, uia oaea a ianooiiiio i?a??//? ?icii/aoe
a?aee?eo? aoeoe?iie c i?iaeaaeo ia’?eo?a aea?aeaaii? aeaniino?.

I/?eoaai? ?acoeueoaoe: aei 2010 ?ieo ca?eueoaiiy ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae
c aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey aei 108,1 iei. oa aei 2015 ?ieo – aei 122,5 iei.
oiii ia ??e; ianya?a aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey a 2010 ?ioe? aei 90,9 iei. oiii
(o oiio /ene? aia?aaoe/iiai – 60,6 iei. oiii, eien?aiiai – 30,3 iei.
oiii), o 2015 ?ioe? – aei 110,3 iei. oiii (a oiio /ene? aia?aaoe/iiai –
73,6 iei., eien?aiiai – 36,7 iei.).

O?iainiaa caaacia/aiiy ?aoi?ioaaiiy ? aeaea?aea o?iainoaaiiy. Aeey
?aae?caoe?? iieiaeaiue, ia?aaeaa/aieo Eiioeaioe??th, iaiao?aeii
caaacia/eoe i?ioyaii 2008–2011 ?ie?a caeo/aiiy a aaeocue ca ?aooiie on?o
aeaea?ae ?iaanooaaiiy i???ioiaii 650–700 iei. a?eaaiue ia eiaeai 1 iei.
oiii i?e?inoo ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae c aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey. O
iiaeaeueoiio aeey aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey a ianyc? 100–110 iei. oiii ia ??e
ianyae eai?oaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?e iiaeii? ui?ieo noaiiaeoe 300–350 iei.
a?eaaiue ia 1 iei. oiii a?aeoai?thaaieo iiooaeiinoae (o aaciaeo oe?iao).

2.3.2 Iiceoeae oa iaaaoeae a?ae caoiae?a uiaei ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??

Iiceoeae a?ae oaea ?aae?ciaaieo aoai?a ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??.
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y aeaea iie?auaiiy ie?aieo iieaciee?a ?iaioe, cie?aia
noaa?e?caoe?th ianya?a ??/iiai aoaeaaeaeiaooeo, aea ea?aeeiaeueii
ci?ieoe e?eciaee noai aaeoc? ia aaeaeiny.

Iaaaoeae ia nueiaiaei?. Oaeoe/ii iaeaea ia iiiaeth?oueny oaooiee oiiae.
Nooo?ai nei?ioeeeny ae?iaie/? iiooaeiino?. Oaiie iiaea?i?caoe?? oa
oaoi?/iiai iniauaiiy iecuee?. ?iii?o aoa?eey ia?aaaaea? iaae eiai
aenii?oii. E?aaeeoi?nueea caai?aiaai?noue aoa?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa
c?inoa?.

Ii noo? aaeeea e?euee?noue i?eeiyoeo ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a uiaei
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??, ??ciiaaeoi?i? ae?? a ie?ai? /ania? ia??iaee,
oi?iaeueiee oa?aeoa? ?yaeo i?eeiyoeo aaeocaaeo aeieoiaio?a, a oaeiae
iaaeinoaoiy i?iaeoiai?noue i?iiiceoe?e uiaei ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
(iai?eeeaae, aeiaeai ?c i?eeiyoeo aeieoiaio?a ia ia?aaeaa/a?
?aoe?iiaeueiiai oeyoo ?icaeoeo aoa?eueii? iaoee, ?iiiaaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e oiui) – ona oea na?ae/eoue i?i a?aenooi?noue no?aoaa?/iiai
ieneaiiy uiaei iaeaooiueiai aoa?eueii? aaeoc?.

?eiie caooo aoa?eey e ?eiie a??ie/ioaooiiai iaeaaeiaiiy iiiiiie?ciaai?
aaeeeeie iina?aaeieoeueeeie no?oeoo?aie. Naia oe? no?oeoo?e a?aoo?-?aoo
io?eiothoue aieiaio /anoeo i?eaooeo a?ae aeiooaaiiy aoa?eueii?
i?iieneiaino? aea?aeaaith. sse i?eionea? Oeaio? ?acoieiaa, iiaeeea?noue
io?eioaaoe iaaei?eaooee iiiiiieueieie i?eaaoieie eiiiai?yie, ui
iia’ycai? c i?aaiaie aea?aeaaii? aeaaee, ? aieiaiith i?e/eiith
iaaoaeoeaiino? ni?ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ye o aoa?eueio aaeocue, oae ? a
i?aeaaeocaa? a?aeiineie i?ici?eo ?eieiaeo iaoai?ci?a oa eaaaeueii?
i?eaaoecaoe??.

3. Aoa?eueia i?iieneia?noue Iieueu?

I?ia?aie ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? iieuenueeiai a??ieoeoaa a 1991–2004 ?ieao

Noai aeaeiaoaaiiy eai’yiiai aoa?eey a Iieueu?, yeee iino?eii
iia??ooaaany, o 1990–1992 ??. aoa iane?aeeii ia?aaaoaaiiy ea??aieoeoaa
oaoo ia iie?oe/ii-aeiiii?/io ?aaeuei?noue o e?a?i?, ui iino?eii
ci?ithaaeany, cie?aia cieaeaiiy ??aiy iiieoo, iaiaaeaiiy aae?anieo
aeioaoe?e aeey a??ieoeoaa, a oaeiae ianoaa?eueiino? oe?ie caooo. O
neeaaeaieo o oeae /an ie?aieie oaooaie i?ia?aiao ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
iniiaia oaaaa eiioeaio?oaaeany ia oaoi?/i?e ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??, /anoeiai
– ia i?aai?caoe?ei?e ? iiai?noth iieiaeiny caaaeaiiy o?iainiai?
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? [7].

Noai?aiiy a 1993 ?. aoa?eueieo ni?eie ia i?eianei iiceoeaieo ci?i a
aaeaioaoe?? aoa?eueii? aaeoc? aei oiia ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

O?yaeiaa i?ia?aia ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? a??ieoeoaa a 1996–2000 ??. iaea
aieiaiith iaoith i?enoinoaaiiy a??ieoeoaa aei oiia ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.
Aiia ia?aaeaa/aea i?aeaeuaiiy ao?o/aiiy aea?aeaae a aeiiii?/i? i?ioeane
oa iiaeaeueoa iaiaaeaiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieiaeo iaoai?ci?a. Iaei??th c
aieiaieo oiia oe??? i?ia?aie aoei oo?eiaiiy a naeoi?? oae caaiiai
nioe?aeueiiai i?aoeacaaacia/aiiy, a ciaioaiiy i?aoeacaaacia/aiiy iiaeiii
aoei ianoaaaoe aiane?aeie i?e?iaeieo i?ioean?a. Iio??aii iiceoeaii
ioe?ieoe oie oaeo, ui ?aae?caoe?y ?aoi?ie a 1998–2001 ??. i?eaaea aei
caaaeueioaaiiy o?iainiaeo iieaciee?a naeoi?a, ye? iino?eii
iia??ooaaeeny, ?, ii/eiath/e c 2000 ?ieo, aei a?aeaa?iaiiy oaiaeaioe??
eaaeiiiai ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy ciaia’ycaiue, ye? noaiiaeee: o 1999 ?. – 20.
574,8 iei. ceioeo (23. 898,8 iei. ceioeo), o 2000 ?. – 21. 784,8 iei.
ceioeo (22. 983,0 iei. ceioeo) ? a 2001 ?. – 21. 437,9 iei. ceioeo.

O?iainiaee aiae?c iieacaa, ui aeinyaiaiiy ?aioaaaeueiino? a??ieoeoaa
aeiaaa? a?eueo ?aaeeeaeueii? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??, ?acoeueoaoii yei? aoa ae
aoa?eueiee naeoi? ?c 50–60 oeny/ i?aoe?aiee?a, ca oiiae i?iaeaaeo
aoa?eey ui??/ii a iaaeao a?ae 60 aei 90 i?eueeii?a oiii.

O ia??iae ?aae?caoe?? ia?oeo i?ia?ai ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? a 1993–1995 ?
1996–1997 ?ieao ia o?eueee cieaeaii ??aaiue aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey, a
iaa?oue iaaiaee, onoia?a/ i?eioeeiai o?yaeiaeo i?ia?ai, aeaeiaooie c??n
?c 131 iei. o o 1993 ?. aei 137,1 iei. o o 1997 ?.

Ia iiiaio ii/aoeo ?aoi?i o iieuenueeiio a??ieoeoa?, cie?aia a 1990 ?.,
i?aoethaaei 387,9 oeny/ in?a, aeaeiaooie aoa?eey noaiiaea 147 iei. o, a
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?iaioe a ia?a?aooieo ia iaeiiai i?aoe?aieea caaaeii
noaiiaeea 389 oiii/??e. Ia e?iaoeue 2001 ?. e?euee?noue i?aoethth/eo
ciaioeeany aei 146 oen. (ia 62,4%), ??aaiue aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey ciaioeany
aei 102,8 iei. o (ia 30,3%), a i?i i?iaeoeoeai?noue o ia?a?aooieo ia
iaeiiai ?ia?oieea caaaeii, ii??aiyii c 1990 ?., ae?inea aei 704 oiii/??e
(ia 81%). Iaeiae iaaeae? i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? a iieuenueeiio
a??ieoeoa? ? ieae/a a?ae i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? a oaooao Cao?aeii?
?a?iie.

Iniiai? i?e/eie iaaoaeoeaiino? i?ia?ai ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? aoa?eueii?
aaeoc?:

– a?aenooi?noue aeiaaioa?i?iiai? aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee uiaei a??ieoeoaa
oa iaaoaeoeaii ao?ethaaia eiioeaioe?y ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? naeoi?a – ia
cae??ieaia caeiiiaeaa/i aei na?iiy 1997 ?.;

– caiaaeoi iioei?noe/i? oa ia?aaeuei? aeo?aei? ioe?iee, ye?
i?eeiathoueny a i?ia?aiao ?aoi?i, ui ia a?aoiaothoue i?enoinoaaiiy
ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo oaoo aei iiaeeeainoae ?aioaaaeueiiai caooo
aoa?eey;

– a?aenooi?noue nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? noaa?e?caoe??, a oaeiae oene
neeueiiai aaeocaaiai oa i?ioni?eeiaiai eia?thaaiiy, ui ai?aoueny ca nai?
i?ea?ea? o neooaoe?? o?iainiaiai eieaino naeoi?a.

Oiiae ?aoi?ioaaiiy a??ieoeoaa a?aeiia?aeii aei i?aaa ?a?iiaenueeiai
Nithco. Ie??i ii?i ia?aeiiiai i?aaa, yea ?aaoeth? i?eioeeie ae?yeueiino?
ni?eueiiai ?eieo, ui aecia/aee, ye? oi?ie aeiiiiiae a?aeiia?aeathoue
oeueiio (ni?eueiiio) ?eieo, oiiae iaaeaiiy aeiiiiiae a e?a?iao-/eaiao,
cie?aia a Iieueu?, ?aaoeththoue:

? ?icii?yaeaeaiiy ?aaee (??) ?1407/2002 a?ae 23 eeiiy 2002 ?ieo uiaei
aeiiiiiae aea?aeaae aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? [8];

? ??oaiiy Eii?n?? a?ae 17 aeiaoiy 2002 ?. i?i aeiiiiiao aea?aeaae
aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? [8].

Noa?a aeiiiiiae aea?aeaae oa ?N

Aeiioneathoueny oae? aeaee aeiiiiiae:

? aeiiiiiaa ia nei?i/aiiy ae?yeueiino?;

? aeiiiiiaa ia oo?eiaiiy aeinooio aei ?aca?ao aoa?eey;

? aeiiiiiaa ia iie?eooy iaaecae/aeieo eioo?a.

Ieai aeinooio aei caian?a eai’yiiai aoa?eey a 2004–2006 ?.

O i?ioean? eaae?o?eaoe?? oaoo ia i?aaeiao aeae?eaiiy iaia?niaeoeaieo
i?eeiyoi oae? e?eoa???: aeinoaoi?noue caian?a aoa?eey, aeiiii?/ia
?aioaaaeuei?noue aeaeiaooeo.

Ia ii/aoeo 2004 ?. o aeaeiaoaaii? eai’yiiai aoa?eey i?aoethaaei 135 456
in?a, o o. /. ia ia?niaeoeaieo oaooao – 123579 in?a. O i?ioean?
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aoeacaaacia/aiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeeny caoeni? oa
aeoea?caoe?eii-aaeaioaoe?ei? ?ino?oiaioe: noeiaiae?? ia
ia?aeaae?o?eaoe?th, eiio?aeo ia ia?aeaae?o?eaoe?th.

Cae?eooy oaoo o 2004–2007 ?ieao

Aei ieaio cae?eooy oaoo o 2004–2007 ?ieao eaae?o?eoaaee oaooe ?c
caianaie, ui cae?i/oaaeeny, aenieoaoaoe?y yeeo ia iiaea caaacia/eoe
aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue. E??i oiai, o oeeo oaooao iaa i?noea aenieee
??aaiue i?e?iaeieo caa?ic. Oea aoee: Aieiaia Oi?aae?iiy «Bytom ??» ?c
aeaoith cae?i/aiiy aeaeiaoaaiiy 31.10.2004 ?ieo, KWK «Polska-Wirek» oa
KWK «Katowice – Kleofas».

E?ea?aeaoe?th oaoo oa ae?? i?ney cae?i/aiiy e?ea?aeaoe?? oaoo
cae?enithaaee: AT Ni?eea ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? Oaoo o Eaoia?oea oa OIA
Aeoiinueea Ni?eea ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? Oaoo.

Iieuenueea a??ieoeoai i?ney anooio aei ?N I??i?eoaoi? noa?e ?N:

– ioi?iia iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua;

– iia? oaoiieia??;

– aaciaea oa a?a??ia i?aoe?.

Ioi?iia iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua

Aeeeae NI2

• Iieuenueeee naeoi? ae?iaeaiiy aeaeo?e/ii? oa oaieiai? aia?a??
ooieoe?iio? ?iaeoa, i?ae o ?aoo? e?a?i ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco. Oea
iia’ycaii c aeei?enoaiiyi o Iieueu? aeey ae?iaieoeoaa aia?a?? iaeaea
aeeeth/ii (a?ey 95%) aoa?eey – ye eai’yiiai, oae ? ao?iai. Iaaeie?eii
neooaoe?? ? iacae/ia a?aceea?noue aea?aeaaii? aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee aei an?o
?aaoethaaiue ?N uiaei ii?i ioi?iie iia?o?y. Oey i?iaeaia aoea aenoiooa
aeaeo?iaia?aaoe/iith aaeoccth ua aei anooio Iieueu? a ?a?iiaenueeee
Nithc.

• A?aoiaoth/e niiae?aaia ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy aeeeaeo NI2 oa anooi Iieueu?
a ?N, I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ?I iaieineei a
2003 ?. oaiaea? ia aeeiiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ieaio iaaeaiiy i?aaa aeeeaeo
NI2 ia 2005–2007 ?iee (i?iaeo KPAU). Iaoith oeueiai i?iaeoo, yeee
?aae?co? OIA Nenoaii? Aeine?aeaeaiiy EnergSys, ? aaaaeaiiy a iieuenueea
i?aai i?eioeei?a aee?aeoeae 2003/87/?N, yea aecia/a? nenoaio oi?a?ae?
i?aaii ia aeeeae oaiee/ieo aac?a ia oa?eoi??? ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco. O
?aieao i?iaeoo aaaeaoueny aeaoaeueia ?iaaioa?ecaoe?y i?iieneiaeo
aeeeae?a NI2 o Iieueu?. Aeine?aeieoeuee? ?iaioe o noa?? aecia/aiiy
aieiaieo aeaea?ae aeeeaeo NI2 o Iieueu? cae?eniaii a ?inoeooo? Aeiiii?ee
I?ia?aeueii? Ne?iaeie oa Aia?a?e1 PAN. Aiie o?iainoaaeeny ?c cania?a
Eii?oaoo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

• O 2001 ?ioe? a ?N aaaaeaii oae caaio aee?aeoeao LCP, yea ??cei
iaiaaeoaaea aeiionoei? aeeeaee aaeeeeo aeaea?ae niaethaaiiy. Aeaoe
anooio iieiaeaiue oe??? aee?aeoeae a aeeooy (2008 oa 2016 ?iee)
ca?aaeeny c iiiaioii i?eieiaiiy aenieoaoaoe?? a?eueoino? aoa?eueieo
aeie?a, yeeie aieiae?ee aea?aeaae-/eaie ?N. O naith /a?ao, aeey Iieueu?
oea icia/aei aeeeth/aiiy aaaaoueio iauiaeaaii iiaea?i?ciaaieo aeie?a ua
caaeiaai aei ?o oaoi?/iiai ciino, ia caaaeoth/e iaa?oue i?i ?o
aii?oecaoe?th. Oey i?iaeaia aeiiei? inoaoi/ii ia ae??oaia ?, ca?aeii c
aenia?oecaie 2012–2020 ?ie?a, iiaea iicia/eoeny ia i?i?ioi 10 000 MWe
iiooaeiino? aeaeo?iaia?aaoe/ii? nenoaie (aeecueei 40%) /a?ac aeiooai?
aeeeth/aiiy, ai?iaaaeaeai? aee?aeoeaith LCP.

I?iiiceoe?? iiaeo ?aaoethaaiue ?N

• Aeoaea aaaeeo neooaoe?th iieuenueeiai naeoi?a ae?iaieoeoaa aeiaeaoeiai
iiaeeaeththoue i?iiiceoe?? /a?aiaeo nithcieo ?aaoethaaiue, iaoe?eaieo ia
aeei?enoaiiy aoa?eueiiai iaeeaa. Aei ieo iaeaaeaoue I?iiiceoe?y
ia?aaeyaeo aee?aeoeae ???N (iaiao?aei?noue io?eiaiiy oae caaieo
?ioaa?iaaieo aeicaie?a). A?aeiia?aeii aei aee?aeoeae LCP, iaiaaeaiiy, ui
ai?iaaaeaeothoueny i?ney 2016 ?., aoaeooue noai??oeie aeey i?ae?icae?e?a
?c na?aaeiueith oa a?eueoith iiooaei?noth oa ioiieyoue ia eeoa
iiaicaoaeiaai? aeiee, aea e o?, ui i?aoeththoue nueiaiaei?. Ona oea
noiaea ia «ci?io i?aaee i?ae /an a?e».

• I?eeiyooy ?N ciaia’ycaiiy ciaioaiiy aeeeae?a aoaeaeeneiai aaco, yeee
aeieea? a i?ioean? niaeaiiy aoa?eey, c iaoith iaiaaeaiiy ia?ieeiaiai
aoaeoo oa niia?eueiaiiy iayaieo ee?iaoe/ieo ci?i ia caii?e eoe? noaei
i?e/eiith neeeeaiiy a aa?aci? 2007 ?ieo aea?aeaa-/eai?a oa Eii?n??
?a?iiaenueei? ?aaee c iaoith ii?aoethaaiiy iaiao?aeieo oaoiieia?/ieo,
aeiiii?/ieo oa ?aaoeyoi?ieo nenoai, ye? neoaoaaoeiooue aa?aiooaaiith
?icaeoeo aacia/ii? aeey na?aaeiaeua aaieia?/ii? naeaaioe?? aoaeaeeneiai
aaco.

• 21.01.2008 i?eeiyoa «Cayaa uiaei Aee?aeoeae ?a?iiaenueeiai Ia?eaiaioo
oa ?aaee uiaei aaieia?/iiai neeaaeoaaiiy aoaeaeeneiai aaco, yea cai?ith?
Aee?aeoeae ?aaee 85/337/EWG, 96/61/WE, aee?aeoeae 2000/60/WE,
2001/80/WE, 2004/35/WE, 2006/12/WE oa ?icii?yaeaeaiiy (WE) ?1013/2006».
Oeae aeo ?a?iiaenueeiai i?aaa aecia/a? ?aiee aeey aaaeaiiy ae?yeueiino?
o noa?? neeaaeoaaiiy aoaeaeeneiai aaco o a?aeeeaaeao, cie?aia a
i?aecaiieo a??ie/eo ae?iaeao, ?c iaeii/aniei aa?aiooaaiiyi iaeneiaeueii?
aaciaee aeei?enoaiiy oaoiieia?? aeeo/aiiy aoaeaeeneiai aaco (Carbon
Capture and Storage – CCS).

Iia? oaoiieia?? i?aaenoaaeai? a aeieoiaioao:

• ?a?iiaenueeee no?aoaa?/iee ieai (SET Plan);

• ?a?iiaenuee? aeine?aeieoeuee? i?iaeoe Oaoiieia?? CCS;

• Oaoiieia?? CCS o Iieueu?.

Aaciaea oa a?a??ia i?aoe? o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? iaoiiaeai?:

• eiithi?ea ?N a?ae ethoiai 2007 «I?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa yeino?
i?aoe?: no?aoaa?y ?a?iiaenueei? Ni?eueiioe uiaei aaciaee oa a?a??ie ia
2007–2012»;

• Eiioeaioe??th nithcii? no?aoaa??;

• ?iieaiaioaoe??th no?aoaa?? ia aea?aeaaiiio ??ai?, cie?aia a Iieueu?,
eiioeaioe?? aeieoiaioa «Iie?auaiiy aaciaee oa oiia i?aoe?».

?N ye ia?niaeoeaiee ?eiie caooo aoa?eey

Ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue aoa?eey ? eiieo?aioiei iin??i aia?a??, yeee
caaacia/o? aenieee ??aaiue aia?aaoe/ii? aaciaee Iieueu? oa ?N o oe?eiio.
O neooaoe?? ao?eaiiy /enoeo oaoiieia?e eiai niaethaaiiy a?ae?a?a? aaaiio
?ieue o ai?iouea? ?N c? ci?iaie ee?iaoo oa a aia?aaoe/i?e aaciaoe?
?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco. Iaeiae cia/aiiy aoa?eey a ?N iinooiiai
cieaeoaaeiny a ?acoeueoao? cai?ie ?a?iiaenueeiai aoa?eey ia aeaoaaa
?iii?oia (a iniiaiiio c Aano?ae??, IA?, Eeoath, ?iae??). Aeniea oe?ia
?a?iiaenueeiai aoa?eey aeeeoo?oueny, o ia?oo /a?ao, aenieeie
noaiaea?oaie aaciaee i?aoe? oa ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

*eiieeaie, ye? aaeueiothoue ?icaeoie aeaeiaoaaiiy a ei?ioeioa?i?iia?e
ia?niaeoea?, ? ai?ioueaa c? ci?iaie ee?iaoo, aeniea nia?aa?o?noue
aeaeiaoaaiiy, aaciaea i?aoe?. Aiae?coth/e ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
aoa?eueiiai ?eieo ?N, iio??aii oaeiae o?aooaaoe oa, ui aeinooii?
iieeaaee a ?a?ii? ae/a?iothoueny. Iaeaooi? aeaeiaoaaiiy caeaaeeoue a
iniiaiiio a?ae ao?eaiiy /enoeo oaoiieia?e niaethaaiiy, aeeo/aiiy oa
neeaaeoaaiiy NI2.

Oaaeeoey 1. – Ae?iaieoeoai aeaeo?iaia?a?? a ?N (1990–2030 TWh/%)

??eCaaaeiiAia?aiiin??aoa?eeyiaooaaacaoiiia?io?1990–2002 ??.19902.140.6

100784.1

36,6182.6

8,5166.2

7,8720.0

33,6287.7

13,520002.574.3

100635.2

24,7181.7

7,1426,3

16,6868.4

33,7462.7

17,920022662.0

100689.0

25,9145.0

5,4456.0

17,1887,0

33,3485.0

18,3I?iaiice20103.431.0

100703.0

20,599.0

2,91.081.0

31,5954.0

27,8594.0

17,320203.988.0

100861.0

21,676.0

1,91.523.0

38,2834.0

20,9694.0

17,420304.477.0

1001.196.0

26,790.0

2,01.634.0

36,5767.0

17,1792.0

17,7

Oaaeeoey 2. – Aeaeiaoaaiiy aoa?eey (iei.. oiii)

?i/iA?oiaAeaeiaoaaiiy aoa?eey (iei. oiii)Eai’yia aoa?eeyAo?a
aoa?eeyCaaaeii1.?N – noa?? /eaie
(15)61,574,5136,01.1I?ia//eia26,856,483,21.2Aaeeea
A?eoai?y24,7-24,71.3A?aoe?y-13,613,61.4?niai?y8,72,811,51.5O?aioe?y1,30,
11,41.6Aano??y-0,70,71.7??eaiae?y-0,60,61.8O?ieyiae?y-0,30,32.?N-25154,5
120,3274,82.1Iieueua81,816,598,32.2*ao?y10,520,831,32.3Oai?ueia0,13,33,4
2.4Anoii?y-3,33,32.5Neiaa//eia0,60,91,52.6Neiaai?y-1,01,0?acii 2.1
-2.693,045,8138,83.Caaaeii i?ney ?icoe?aiiy157,5133,2290,7

?N ye ia?niaeoeaiee aoa?eueiee ?eiie

• Eai’yia aoa?eey aeaeiaoaa?oueny o 8 aea?aeaaao ?N. Aiae?coth/e aeai?
ca inoaii? ?iee, iiaeia niinoa??aaoe noaaiaoe?th a ??ai? aeaeiaoaaiiy.
Iaeii/anii niiaeeaaiiy aoa?eey a ?a?ii? ciaioeeiny iaei.

• Aa?o/e aei oaaae c?inoath/ee iiieo ia aia?a?th a ?N, i?aaiaiiy
aia?aaoe/ii? iacaeaaeiino?, aoa?eey ia? aaeeeee iioaioe?ae ia
?a?iiaenueeiio ?eieo. Eiai iaeaooi?, iaeiae, caeaaeeoue a?ae eiai
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?.

Oaaeeoey 3. – Niiaeeaaiiy aoa?eey (iei. oiii)

Aea?aeaaa2004 ?.2005 ?.Iieueua83,379,1I?ia//eia69,365,2Aaeeea
A?eoai?y60,662,2?niai?y37,136,6?oae?y25,223,7O?aioe?y19,628,6Aieeaiae?y1
3,513*ao?y9,59Ae?aooa4842,3?N366,1359,8

Aeniiaee

?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie ia caaa?oaia, ui
ae??oaeueiei /eiii aieeaa? ia ?aae?caoe?th ?? iioaioe?aeo. I?e/eie
oaeiai noaio – o iaaoaeoeai?e o/ano? aea?aeaae a i?ioean?
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??, a?aenooiino? ?? eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie,
iaiine?aeiaiino? ae?e, i?ioeae?? i?eaaoieo eiiiai?e, ia caoe?eaaeaieo o
i?ici?eo ?eieiaeo a?aeiineiao o aaeoc? (Oeaio? ?acoieiaa).

Ca?aeii c Eiioeaioe??th ?aoi?ioaaiiy aoa?eueii? aaeoc? (05.2008)
i?eaaoecothoueny i?aei?e?inoaa I?i?noa?noaa aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?, o
eiai no?oeoo?? i?ney noai?aiiy Oe?a?inueeiai iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iiai
eiioea?io (OIAE) ? i?eaaoecaoe?? oaoo, ui aeaeiaoaathoue eien?aia
aoa?eey, caeeoaoueny o?eueee iaoeiai-aeine?aei? ?inoeoooe oa ??ciiai
?iaeo niaoe?ae?ciaai? i?aei?e?inoaa – oae? ye Aoaea?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y,
Oe?a?ae?icaoeno, oaooiaoae?ai? oa aeiiii?aei? i?aei?e?inoaa.

I?iiiceoe??

1. I?eaaoecaoe?ei? eioe oaoo aia?aaoe/iiai oa eien?aiiai aoa?eey
oi?ioaaoe ie?aii c aenoaaeaiiyi ?o ia a?aee?eo? i?eaaoecaoe?ei?
aoeoe?iie. I?e oeueiio iaiao?aeia aeio?eiaiiy i?aaee, ii-ia?oa,
aeeaa?neo?eaoe?? aeaniee?a (aioeiiiiiieueiee i?eioeei), ii-ae?oaa,
iaoiiaeaia /?oea ia?niaeoeaa e i?ici??noue ?ioi?iaoe?? uiaei
iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo i?eaaoeciaaieo i?aei?e?inoa, yea iiaeiia aooe
aeinooiia an?i ??aiyi i?ioni?eie a??iee?a. E??i oiai, iaiao?aeiee /?oeee
i?aoethth/ee iaoai?ci iiaa?iaiiy i?eaaoecaoe?eieo eio?a aea?aeaa? a ?ac?
iaaeeiiaiiy i?eien?a.

2. O i?eaaoecaoe?eieo eioao o eiiieaen? c aoaeaaeiaoaieie
i?aei?e?inoaaie ia?aaeaa/eoe o/anoue 53-o aoaeacaaaa/oaaeueieo oaa?ee
Oe?a?ie (18 ?c yeeo ? a no?oeoo?? IAI, a 35 – i?aiaei? oa ?io?
i?aei?e?inoaa).

3. Neeanoe ?aeeiee eaaeano? on?o aoaeaai?nieo a?aeaae?a Oe?a?ie
(eieae?ciaaieo iiaeeco oaoo, caaaa/oaaeueieo oaa?ee, eienio?i?/ieo
i?aei?e?inoa) ?c aeeaieei aeine?aeaeaiiyi ?o aeaiaioiiai oa
i?ia?aeueiiai neeaaeo, ai??eino?, ?aae?iaeoeaiino? oiui, ?aoe?iiaeueieo
oaoiieia?e aaca?aeoiaeii? (iaeia?aeoiaeii?) ia?a?iaee e i/?eoaaieo
i?iaeoeo?a, a oaeiae no/aniiai iaeiiaiai ?o noaio, ui aeanoue ciiao
nenoaiiiai ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie aeieia?? noa?ii?iieneiaeo ?aa?ii?a oa
iioeiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy aoi?eiieo ?ano?n?a.

4. Noai?eoe aaeocaaee iaoeiai-oaoiieia?/iee oeaio? «A??ieoeoai Oe?a?ie»,
o yeiio cina?aaeeoe iaoeiai-aeine?aei? oa i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nuee?
?inoeoooe, aeine?aeii-i?iieneiao aaco. Iiaeeea? oi?ie i?aai?caoe??:
oaoiiia?e; aea?aeaaii-i?eaaoia i?aei?e?inoai (aiaeia – eeoaenueeee
iaoeiai-i?iieneiaee oeaio? Aoiooa (Oaioaiue)).

5. ?i?oe?thaaoe noai?aiiy aea?aeaaii-i?eaaoieo no?oeoo? (o??i)
eiia?oe?ae?caoe?? oaoi?/ieo oa oaoiieia?/ieo ?iiiaaoe?e o a??ie/?e
aaeoc?, ye? a iaee naith aeine?aeii-i?iieneiao iie?aiiio aaco e ae?yee
ni?eueii c ?inoeoooaie IAI Oe?a?ie, oaoi?/ieie oi?aa?neoaoaie oa
i?aei?e?inoaaie.

6. Iaoeia? oa aea?aeeiio?ieuei? no?oeoo?e c aaciaee ?ia?o o a??ie/?e
i?iieneiaino? (IaeIAe? oa ?io?) caeeoeoe a neeaae? I?iaoaeai?iio
Oe?a?ie.

7. Iiai?noth aeao?i?coaaoe ?eiie aoa?eey Oe?a?ie ca ?aooiie anoaaeaiiy
ii?yaeeo caooo aoa?eey /a?ac a?aee?eo? aoa?euei? aoeoe?iie.

8. I?aai?coaaoe oaoiaa iaaiai?aiiy e i?eeiyooy ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a
uiaei ii?yaeeo cae?eooy oaoo o eiioaeno? ieoaiiy i?eaaoecaoe??. Ne?ae
e?ea?aeiaoaaoe o?eueee o? aoaeaaeiaoai? i?aei?e?inoaa, ui
a?aei?aoethaaee iayai? caiane aoa?eey.

9. Uiaei noa?ii?iieneiaiai ?aa?iio Aeiiaano, oi iaeei ?c i??i?eoaoieo
iai?yie?a eiai ?icaeoeo aa/eoueny a ia?aaaaeaii? /anoeie aeiiii?ee
?aa?iio o noa?o aenieioaoiieia?/ieo iaoeii?noeeo aaeocae, noai?aii?
oaoiieia?/ieo ia?e?a, iaioaeuei?e ia?ai???ioaoe?? /anoeie ianaeaiiy
/a?ac ci?io ?iaeo caiyoue.

10. C iaoith oi?o?eaoe?? i?aaee oaoi?ee aaciaee oa i?aeoeee ?o
aeio?eiaiiy ia aoa?eueieo i?aei?e?inoaao o iaaeao ?a?inithco e
e?a?i-ia?oia??a aeioe?eueiei ? iai?i ?ioi?iaoe??th a oe?e aaeoc? i?ae
oe?a?inueeeie oa iieuenueeeie ?inoeoooe?yie.

11. Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aaciaee aaaeaiiy a??ie/eo ?ia?o ? aeaeiaooeo aaco
iaoaio aeioe?eueia caae?yiiy iaoai?cio E?ionueeiai i?ioieieo c iaoith
caeo/aiiy ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e aeey noai?aiiy i?iieneiaeo iiooaeiinoae
aeaaacaoe?? oaoo.

E?oa?aoo?a

1. I?eoeea I. Aoa?eueia i?iieneia?noue – /i?ia ae??a aea?aeaaiiai
athaeaeaoo /e iniiaa aia?aaoe/ii? aaciaee Oe?a?ie? / I. I?eoeea. – ?14
(693) 12 – 18 ea?oiy 2008.

2. Aoa?eueia i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie (aiae?oe/ia aeiiia?aeue Oeaio?o
?acoieiaa) // Iaoe?iiaeueia aaciaea ? iai?iia. – ?8 (44). – 2003. –
N. 2–37.

3. Aaena?ia E. I?aenoiee ? ia?niaeoeae ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? aoa?eueii?
i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie / E. Aaena?ia, N. ??i?eia, TH. Caya?euenueeee, A.
Eeth?a, I. Ie?eiee, I. No?aae // Iaoe?iiaeueia aaciaea ? iai?iia. – ?8
(44). – 2003. – N. 38–44.

4. Oaei? I. ?aoi?ioaaiiy aoa?eueii? aaeoc? Oe?a?ie: iiaeyae oao?aoe?a
Na?oiaiai aaieo / I. Oaei? // Iaoe?iiaeueia aaciaea ? iai?iia. – ?8
(44). – 2003. – N. 45–47.

5. Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo aoa?eueii? aaeoc? Oe?a?ie o no/anieo oiiaao.
E?oaeee no?e. Iaoe?iiaeueiee ?inoeooo no?aoaa?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
ni?eueii c I?i?noa?noaii aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie, ?inoeoooii
aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino? IAI Oe?a?ie – [Aeaeo?iiiee ?ano?n]. – ?aaeei
aeinooio: www.niss.gov.ua/Table/22102008/221008.htm – 15k –

6. Aiae?c aoa?eueiiai ?eieo Oe?a?ie. – [Aeaeo?iiiee ?ano?n]. – ?aaeei
aeinooio: www.credit-rating.com.ua/ru/file_viewer.html?
id=1b4c8b86cba430ee0f49b872b16d2f50 –

7. Eeoeee A. ?ieue eaiaiiiai oaey. Ie?, Aa?iia, Iieueoa. Oniaoe,
aeeeaiiu e aoaeouaa ?aoi?i a iieueneie ai?iie i?iiuoeaiiinoe: [Aeieeaae,
i?i/eoaiiue Aaeei Eeoeeei a Aeiiaanneii Ai?ii-Iaoaeeo?ae/aneii Einoeoooa
10-iai ieoya?y 2002 aiaea (i?acaioaoeey neaeaeia)] / A. Eeoeee. –
Ae/aane: AeAIE, 2002. – 87 n.

8. Szl?zak J. Restrukturyzacja gornictwa wegla kamiennego w Polsce w
latach 1990–2002: [Analiza skuteczno?ci realizowanych programow] / Jan
Szl?zak. – Krakow: Wydawnictwo Nauka – Technika, 2004. – 123 s.

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