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Стресс и его особенности

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EAEEIEIA?AAeNEEE AINOAeA?NOAAIIUE OIEAA?NEOAO

? A O A ? A O

II

INEOIEIAEE

O A I A:

” NO?ANN E AAI INIAAIIINOE”

nooaeaioee 4 eo?na

aa/a?iaai ioaeaeaiey

iaoaiaoe/aneiai oaeoeueoaoa

Eenaeaaie

THeee

Aeaenaiae?iaiu

E A E E I E I A ? A Ae

1997 AIAe

I E A I

1. Aaaaeaiea

2. No?ann: aai i?e/eiu, ineaaeaiea aai aeaenoaey

a) ?aaeoeee ia no?ann

a) ai?ueaa e aaanoai

a) ?aeaenaoeey

3. Oacu no?annu

4. Iaa?ic e aai i?iyaeaiey

5. Iaa?ic e iniaaiiinoe ee/iinoe

6. Caeeth/aiea

1. AAAAeAIEA

Ia/aeinue ana yoi i/aiue aeaaii e a oie eee eiie oi?ia, n oaie eee
eiuie eciaiaieyie i?iaeieaeaaony ii nae aeaiue.

I?aaenoaaei naaa iaoaai aeaeaeiai i?aaeea – ia?aiauoiiai /aeiaaea,
ie?ii neaeyuaai a oaie aea?aaa ni naiae naiueae. Ieeaeeo oaaa caaio,
ieeaeeo oaaa i?iaeai – ianeaaeaeaeny aeeciueth e niieienoaeai, aea e
oieueei! I?aaaea, ai?ie iaaei caaioiaeoue i?iieoaiea, ii yoi iiaeii
naeaeaoue e caao?a. E aae?oa ii oneuoae eaeea-oi caoee, iaiiieiathuea
?aa caa?y. Nia/aea aaeaee, a iioii ana aeeaea e aeeaea. Ii ia ia oooeo
enioaaeny, noaaoee iaeeo (eee eaiaiue) e ianoi?iaeeeny. O/anoeeinue
aeuoaiea, ana iuooeu iai?yaeenue – /aeiaae i?eaioiaeeny e noaaoea. Ii
oaea aeaeae i?eaeeaeathuaainy caa?y – yoi aue iaaeaaaeue, aieueoie e
a?iciue. E ooo a aai aeooa ia/aeanue ai?ueaa. N iaeiie noi?iiu, no?ao
ia?aae ?acuy?aiiui caa?ai. N ae?oaie – aeaeaiea eiaoue oaea naaiaeiy, ia
ioeeaaeuaay ia caao?a, iaiaoiaeeiue caian aaeu. *oi aio aeaeaoue?
A?ineoueny ia iaaeaaaey ia?aui? Oaea?eoue aai?… Iaaeaaaeue oai
a?aiaiai i?eaeeaeaeny. Ineoe/aneia aicaoaeaeaiea ia?aiauoiiai /aeiaaea
aic?anoaei. E anee au ?yaeii n iei ieacaeny nia?aiaiiue a?a/, ii
iai?aiaiii au onoaiiaee, /oi o “iaoeeaioa” o/auaiiue ioeuen, iiauoaiiia
e?iayiia aeaaeaiea, a o?iaaiue “no?anniauo” aauanoa a e?iae e ii/a
i?aauoaao ii?io.

E neacae au naiaio i?a… i?a… i?auo?o naaiaeiyoiee a?a/:

– Ae?oaeeua, oaaa no?aoii, i/aiue no?aoii!

– ss anaaaea a oaeeo neo/ayo aanue ae?iaeo, – ioaaoee au i?aaeie.

– Oae aaaeue o oaay no?ann, – caeeth/ee au a?a/. Yoi…

Ii ia?aiauoiiio /aeiaaeo auei au a oii iiiaio ia aei ?acaiai?ia. E
aa?iyoiaa anaai, ii, iaaeieai aeoiay, a?ineeny au ia iaaeaaaey. Ia
oaaaeae, iao – eiaiii a?ineeny ia caa?y e aoeaieeny aio a ai?ei. E
iiaaaeee! Iiaaaeee iaaeaaaey, eioi?ue ai iiiai ?ac neeueiaa. E ooo aea
ineoe/aneia e oece/aneia iai?yaeaiea niaei, /aeiaae ?anneaaeeny,
oniieieeanue ineoeea, oniieieeinue oaei. Aeuoaiea noaei iaiaa /anoui,
/ai ianeieueei ieioo iacaae, ii?iaeeciaaeenue ioeuen e e?iayiia
aeaaeaiea, o?iaaiue “no?anniauo” aauanoa i?eoae a ii?io. Eiuie neiaaie,
a i?aaiecia /aeiaaea i?iecioea ?ac?yaeea, oi anoue no?ann iaoae auoiae e
ia ia?aoae a aeeno?ann.

E naaiaeiy /aeiaae ?aaae?oao oi/ii oae aea: ineoe/aneei e
oece/aneei iai?yaeaieai, iiaeeecaoeeae yia?aee. Yoi e anoue i?iyaeaiea
no?anna, iiaeaioiaea i?aaiecia e ai?ueaa eee aaanoao, eioi?ay yaeyaony
oeceieiae/aneei aaconeiaiui ?aoeaenii. Iaeiaei a aeaiiii neo/aa aei
ai?ueau eee aaanoaa aeaei ia aeioiaeeo – ianooiaao oaca ?anneaaeaiey. N
oao aeaeaeeo a?aiai iiiaia eciaieeinue. I?e/ei, aucuaathueo no?anniaoth
neooaoeeth, noaei ai?acaei aieueoa – eae, ai?i/ai, e eioi?iaoeee i
no?anna. Naaiaeiy iu oaea ciaai, /oi no?ann nouanoaoao, ciaai, eae
ii?aaeaeeoue no?anniaia ninoiyiea e eae ai?ioueny ni no?annii. Naaiaeiy
no?ann aicaeaenoaoao ia /aeiaaea a oa/aiea aeiy (anee ia neacaoue –
e?oaeua nooee), ia/eiay n oo?aiiae noiaoioe aei naiiai aa/a?a e aeaaea
ai a?aiy nia.

No?ann noae anoanoaaiiie e iaiouaieaiie /anoueth iaoae
iianaaeiaaiie aeecie. Iu ii?ie aeaaea ia ia?auaai ia iaai aieiaiey, a oi
a?aiy eae aeeeoaeueiia aicaeaenoaea io?eoeaoaeueiuo yiioeee a?iceo
iianiinoueth aicieeiiaaiey oaeeo ineoiniiaoe/aneeo caaieaaaiee, eae
eioa?eo ieiea?aea, ycaaiiay aieaciue, aeia?oiiey, a?iioeaeueiay anoia,
ineoe/aneea ?anno?ienoaa e o.i. Aeeeoaeueiue no?ann iiaeao i?eaanoe e
ian/anoiiio neo/ath e aeaaea e naiioaeenoao. No?ann – iao aaeaaeiaaiue
“iiioo/ee”, iiyoiio (oioei iu yoiai eee iao) n iei iaaei n/eoaoueny.
Aeaaea anee iu niaa?oaiii ia iuouaai aai aicaeaenoaey, yoi ia aeaao iai
i?aaa caauaaoue i iai e i oie iianiinoe, eioi?oth ii i?aaenoaaeyao.

Iianiinoe, iiaenoa?aaathuea ia?aiauoiiai /aeiaaea a aeaeaeea
a?aiaia, niaieeenue, eacaeinue au, iaiaa a?iciuie, ii iinoiyiii
ano?a/athueieny no?annaie.

2. NO?ANN: AAI I?E*EIU E INEAAEAIEA AAI AeAENOAEss

Oae /oi aea oaeia no?ann? *oi yaeyaony aai i?e/eiie? Anee iu
aeaenoaeoaeueii ia iiaeai oaa?a/ueny io iaai, oi eae ineaaeoue aai
aeaenoaey? Iiiuoaainy ioaaoeoue ia yoe aii?inu.

Noaaoaa a iineaaeiaa a?aiy noieue iiaeiui neiai “no?ann” i?eoei e
iai ec aiaeeeneiai ycuea e a ia?aaiaea icia/aao “iaaeei, aeaaeaiea,
iai?yaeaiea”. Yioeeeeiiaaee/aneee neiaa?ue aeaao neaaeothuaa oieeiaaiea
no?anna: “Niaieoiiinoue caueoiuo oeceieiae/aneeo ?aaeoeee, aicieeathueo
a i?aaiecia aeeaioiuo e /aeiaaea a ioaao ia aicaeaenoaea ?acee/iuo
iaaeaaiiieo/iuo oaeoi?ia (no?anni?ia)”.

Ia?aui aeae ii?aaeaeaiea no?anna eaiaaeneee oeceieia Aain Naeuea a
1936 aiaeo. A?ioaiiia A.Naeuea ca?ii oiaei ia aeaaiaeaoioth ii/ao, eai
i?iaeaia auea ceiaiaeiaaiie, eanaeanue aoeaaeueii eaaeaeiai /aeiaaea.
No?ann ieacaeny a oeaio?a aieiaiey iiiai/eneaiiuo enneaaeiaaoaeae.
Iaeiiaa?iue ooi iiaeiyeny a ieieiiao/iie ia/aoe, neiai “no?ann” noaei
iaeiei ec naiuo iiioey?iuo. A iueo oaea/aiee ethaie no?ann noaee
iauyaeyoue iaaeaeaoaeueiui a i?ioeaiaan oi/ae c?aiey naiiai
iniiaiiieiaeieea oai?ee, oaaaeaeaiiiai, /oi eiaiii eiioeeeou i?aaiecia
ni n?aaeie iiaeaea?aeeaatho a ?aai/ai ninoiyiee aeieiae/aneea iaoaieciu
caueou io a?aaeiuo aicaeaenoaee, o?aie?otho eo. “Iieiay naiaiaea io
no?anna, – ienae Naeuea, – icia/aao nia?oue”. A iaeiii ec naieo
aunooieaiee a I?aaa Naeuea aiai?ee: no?ann – yoi ana, /oi aaaeao e
auno?iio noa?aieth i?aaiecia eee aucuaaao aieaciue.

N iacaiaiyoiuo a?aiai /aeiaae ?aaae?oao ia iianiinoue, /oi aiieia
anoanoaaiii. Yoa ?aaeoeey nouanoaiaaea e o iaoaai aeaeaeiai i?aaeea,
nouanoaoao e naaiaeiy o nia?aiaiiiai Homo sapiens. I/aiue ia?acii neacae
ia yoii iaiaoeeee ienaoaeue Y?eo Eanoia? a iaeiii ec naieo naoe?e/aneeo
noeoioai?aiee, iaienaiiii a 1932 aiaeo.

?ACAEOEA *AEIAAEA

A naiii ia/aea iu neaeaee ia aea?aaueyo, iiaeaeaa eieaiee.

Ia?inoea, ni ceui acaeyaeii.

Iioii iai iaaeiae iio ia?aiauoiiai eana,

E aio iaoe aeeeeua iaeaou oaea a aaoii e noaeei

Aei naiiai o?eaeoeaoiai yoaaea.

Iu caionoeee ia anth a?iieinoue a?aiiioii

E auaiaee oai naiui ec aeiio aeio.

Oaia?ue o ian anoue aeaaea oaeaoii,

Caiiie eioi?iai caiaiyao iai oaeano eenoau

A oa aeaeaeea aeaaii i?ioaaeoea a?aiaia.

Neieueei oaeianoa nicaeaee iu aeaaiaea?y i?ia?anno!

Nae/an iu i?e/anaiu, io?aueaaai onu e einu.

Ii aeaaaeoa iaeyiainy iacaae,

E i?e naaoa iuiaoiaai aeiy Iiniio?ei iiaieiaoaeueiaa ia

Yoeo iieoiaacueyi, eiaioaiuo ia?aiauoiuie ethaeueie.

*oi yaeyaony i?e/eiie no?anna?

I?aaenoaaueoa naaa ?aiaa oo?i. Au aua neaaeei nieoa. Nii aeoaieee,
caei?iaue. Aae?oa – ?aceee caiiie aoaeeeueieea! Ii aoeaaeueii au?uaaao
aan ec neaaeinoiuo iauyoee nia – no?ann…

Au aioiaeoa caao?ae e niae?aaoanue ia ?aaioo – eae i?aaeei, a
niaoea, iinoiyiii iiaeyaeuaay ia /anu. Ieuo noa?aaoanue aeioaoue auno?i,
aieueoeie eoneaie, ii/oe ia ia?aaeaauaay – no?ann aeey aeaeoaeea…

N enii?/aiiui iano?iaieai, iiacaeuaay, au aeaoaaoa a o/?aaeaeaiea
e, aeaaea ia ioaeuoaaoenue, oaaoaaoanue ca aeaea – iiyoue no?ann…

A ?acoeueoaoa ?anoao, iiea ne?uoia, iai?yaeaiea e ii?aaeaeaiiue
iiiaio, eiaaea io?eoeaoaeueiuo yiioeee noaiiaeony neeoeii iiiai –
no?ann…

Ia?a/aiue aaeaaeiaaiuo no?anniauo neooaoeee iiaeii auei au
i?iaeieaeeoue. Aioo?aiiaa ninoiyiea oio/an aea io?aaeaaony ia aiaoiai
aeaea: eeoei noaiiaeony noi?a/iui, aoau naeeiathony, aieiaa ooiaeeo a
iea/e, iuooeu iai?yaathony (aei aiee!). Aeaaea ecaeaee aeaeii, /oi au
acaei/aiu, ia?aie/aaoa, /oi au – io yoiai oaea ieeoaea ia aeaiaoueny – a
ninoiyiee no?anna. Iao aeaeaeee i?aaeie, niieieiue e aeiaieueiue iinea
iiaaaeiiiniie noaaoee n iaaeaaaeai, ia ia?anoaaae au oaeeaeyoueny iai.
Ii a oii-oi e ?acieoea, /oi iao a?aa – ne?uoue e iiaaaeeoue aai n
iiiiuueth iaeee eee eaiiy iaeuecy.

Aaaeue aeaaea iuneue i oii, /oi aeaeao ian ii ieii/aieth ?aai/aai
aeiy (a aeaiiii neo/aa eiaaony a aeaeo aeaiueia): oieeioiy a i/a?aaeyo,
oyaeaeaiiua noiee, i?aaenoiyuea aeiiaoiea aeaea – enoiuaao ia?aioth
nenoaio e iiaa?aaao a ninoiyiea no?anna.

Iaoaieci ?aaeoeee /aeiaaea ia no?anniaue eiioeuen i/aiue neiaeai.
Ii aeaaaeoa ana aea iiiuoaainy ?aniooaoue yoio eeoaie. Yoi iaiaoiaeeii,
/oiau iiiyoue, ii/aio iu ?aaae?oai ia no?anniaue eiioeuen eiaiii oae, a
ia eia/a: /oiau ciaoue, eae i?ioeainoiyoue no?anno, eae ioaeii
aeaenoaiaaoue, /oiau iaeneiaeueii niya/eoue aai aeaenoaea.

Eae /aeiaa/aneee i?aaieci ?aaae?oao ia no?ann

Eaeiau aiciiaeiua ?aaeoeee i?aaiecia ia no?ann?

1. Iaaeaaii?eyoiua oaeoi?u (no?anni?u) aucuaatho ?aaeoeeth no?anna
(nie?auaiii – no?ann), o.a. /aeiaae niciaoaeueii eee iiaeniciaoaeueii
noa?aaony i?eniiniaeoueny e niaa?oaiii iiaie neooaoeee. Caoai ianooiaao
au?aaieaaiea, eee aaeaioaoeey (a iaoea oiio?aaeyaony aiaeeeneee oa?iei
GAS – General Adaptation Syndrom). *aeiaae eeai ia?aoaao ?aaiiaanea a
nicaeaaoaeny neooaoeee e no?ann ia aeaao ieeaeeo iineaaenoaee, eeai ia
aaeaioe?oaony e iae – yoi oae iacuaaaiay IAE-AAeAIOAOeEss (ieioay
aaeaioaoeey). Eae neaaenoaea yoiai iiaoo aicieeiooue ?acee/iua
ineoe/aneea eee oece/aneea ioeeiiaiey.

Eiuie neiaaie, no?ann eeai aeinoaoi/ii aeieai i?iaeieaeaaony, eeai
aicieeaao aeiaieueii /anoi. I?e/ai /anoua no?annu niiniaiu i?eaanoe e
enoiuaieth aaeaioaoeeiiiie caueoiie nenoaiu i?aaiecia, /oi, a naith
i/a?aaeue, iiaeao noaoue i?e/eiie ineoiniiaoe/aneeo caaieaaaiee.

2. Ianneaiinoue. Iia i?iyaeyaony o /aeiaaea, aaeaioaoeeiiiue ?aca?a
eioi?iai iaaeinoaoi/ai e i?aaieci ia niiniaai yooaeoeaii i?ioeainoiyoue
no?anno. Aicieeaao ninoiyiea aaniiiiuiinoe, aaciaaeaaeiinoe, aeai?annee.
Ii oaeay no?anniaay ?aaeoeey iiaeao auoue i?aoiaeyuae.

Aeaa ae?oaea ?aaeoeee aeoeaiua e iiae/eiaiu aiee /aeiaaea.

3. Aeoeaiay caueoa io no?anna. *aeiaae iaiyao noa?o aeayoaeueiinoe
e iaoiaeeo /oi-oi aieaa iieaciia e iiaeoiaeyuaa aeey aeinoeaeaiey
aeooaaiiai ?aaiiaaney, niinianoaothuaa oeo/oaieth ninoiyiey caei?iauey
(nii?o, iocuea, ?aaioa a naaeo eee iai?iaea, eieeaeoeeiie?iaaiea e o.i.)

4. Aeoeaiay ?aeaenaoeey (?anneaaeaiea), eioi?ay iiauoaao
i?e?iaeioth aaeaioaoeeth /aeiaa/aneiai i?aaiecia – eae ineoe/aneoth, oae
e oece/aneoth. Yoa ?aaeoeey iaeaieaa aeaenoaaiiay.

Iiiuoaainy i?aaenoaaeoue, /oi i?ienoiaeeo a i?aaiecia ai a?aiy
no?anna.

A ii?iaeueiuo oneiaeyo a ioaao ia no?ann o /aeiaaea aicieeaao
ninoiyiea o?aaiae, niyoaiey, eioi?ia yaeyaony aaoiiaoe/aneie
iiaeaioiaeie e aeoeaiiio aeaenoaeth: aoaeothuaio eee caueoiiio. Oaeay
iiaeaioiaea inouanoaeyaony a i?aaiecia anaaaea, iacaaeneii io oiai,
eaeie aoaeao ?aaeoeey ia no?ann – aeaaea oiaaea, eiaaea ia i?ienoiaeeo
ieeaeiai oece/aneiai aeaenoaey. Eiioeuen aaoiiaoe/aneie ?aaeoeee iiaeao
auoue iioaioeeaeueii iaaaciianai e i?eaiaeeo i?aaieci a ninoiyiea aunoae
aioiaiinoe. Na?aeoea ia/eiaao aeoueny o/auaiii, iiauoaaony e?iayiia
aeaaeaiea, iuooeu iai?yaathony – au aioiau iai?iiyoueny. Aia caaeneiinoe
io oiai, na?ueacia iianiinoue (oa?ica aeecie, oece/aneia ianeeea) eee ia
i/aiue (neiaaniia inei?aeaiea), a i?aaiecia aicieeaao o?aaiaa e a ioaao
ia iaa – aioiaiinoue i?ioeainoiyoue. A aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa au ia
iaiaaeaaoa e ia aaaeeoa, eae ia?aiauoiue /aeiaae, ii aaoa ia?aiay
nenoaia ooieoeeiie?oao oi/ii oae aea, eae o aeaeaeiai i?aaeea.

Iaiythony a?aiaia e aicieeatho iiaua no?anniaua neooaoeee – yoi
i?eoeinue eniuoaoue i?aeoe/anee eaaeaeiio ec ian. Aicueiai naiue i?inoie
i?eia?: o aan aiciee eiioeeeo n ia/aeueieeii. Neooaoeey noaiaea?oiay –
au au ?aaeu naeaeaoue oi, /oi io aan oioyo, ii o aan ie/aai ia
iieo/aaony. Au iai?yaaaoanue, iiaeeecoaoa ana naie aioo?aiiea ?aca?au,
aieueoia eiee/anoai yia?aee. A nicaeaaoaeny neooaoeee yia?aey
?anoiaeoaony eae ia iiiuoeo auiieieoue ii?o/aiea, oae e ia i?aiaeieaiea
aaoiiaoe/aneie anoanoaaiiie ?aaeoeee ia “aeaaeaiea” nauoa. Ia?anoatho
aioo?aiiaa iai?yaeaiea, ceinoue, i?iyaeyaony no?ao, o/auathony
na?aeoeaaeaiea e ioeuen. Eiuie neiaaie ianooiaao NO?ANN…

Oi aea naiia i?ienoiaeeo e i?e aeiiaoieo iao?yaeeoeao. Anee a yoe
iaiiaaiey aai oaeanony oaeaeaoue naay a ca?eaea, oi ia?aoeoa aieiaiea,
eaeay ceiaiay a?eiana eneaceea aaoa eeoei: aoau naeaou, oaieee ?oa
iiouaiu, ana iuooeu a noaei?iaeiii iai?yaeaiee – ia eeoei, a canouaoay
ianea. Aai o?aaoaony ana aieueoa yia?aee, /oiau iaeaaeaoue neiaeeaoaeny
neooaoeeae e i?enooieoue e aeaenoaeth, e eioi?iio auioaeaeaao aeiiaoiee
eiioeeeo. E eae ?acoeueoao yoiai – ninoiyiea no?anna.

Ai?ueaa eee aaanoai

*oi aea i?ienoiaeeo n /aeiaaeii i?e no?anna? Eaeia iaoaieci
?aaeoeee o?aaiae?

A 1935 aiaeo aia?eeaineee oeceieia Oieoa? Eaiiii aia?aua ii?aaeaeee
aa eae ?aaeoeeth ai?ueau eee aaanoaa. Eee, au?aaeaynue iaoaiaoe/aneei
ycueii, ?aaeoeey A eee A.

Eioi?iaoeey i ?aaeoeee o?aaiae /a?ac i?aaiu /oanoa iinooiaao a
iica, aaea eiaaony aaaeiay “?ao?aineyoeeiiiay noaioeey” – aeiioaeaion. A
oa/aiea aeieae naeoiaeu eioi?iaoeey /a?ac ia?aiua ieii/aiey
neiiaoe/aneie ia?aiie nenoaiu ia?aaeaaony a iaaeii/a/ieee. Iieo/ea
neaiae “SOS”, yoio i?aai iiiaioaeueii aua?anuaaao a e?iaue ia?iiiia
eiee/anoai “aiaauo ai?iiiia” – aae?aiaeeia e ii?aae?aiaeeia, eioi?ua
?aciinyony ninoaeaie ii anaio oaeo. I?ienoiaeeo ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiea
(ia?aea/eaaiea) e?iae: iia ia?aiauaaony ooaea, aaea aieaa iaiaoiaeeia
aeey ioaaoiuo aeaenoaee A eee A – aeaaiui ia?acii a iuooeu. Ec iicaa
neaiaeu oio/an iinooiatho aeaeueoa – ia?anoaao ineoe/aneia iai?yaeaiea,
oneeeaaaony aieiaiea, inouanoaeyaony iiaeaioiaea e aeaenoaeth. Ana yoi
i?ienoiaeeo iieieaiinii – iai?yaeaiea, a ionthaea e no?ann, ia?anoatho n
/oaeiaeuii1 auno?ioie. Aeiioaeaion iiaeeecoao iae?iaoii?aeueiue aiia?ao:
/a?ac ia?aiua ieii/aiey eiioeuenu ia?aaeathony aeaaeeei iuooeai e
aeaeacai aioo?aiiae nae?aoeee, eioi?ua ia/eiatho oneeaiii au?aaaouaaoue
ai?iiiu.

Ia oae aeaaii auei aeieacaii, /oi i?e oece/aneii no?anna
iaaeii/a/ieee auaeaeytho i?aeiouanoaaiii ii?aae?aiaeei, i?e ineoe/aneii
(o?aaiaa, no?ao, y?inoue) – i?aaeaea anaai aae?aiaeei, Aae?aiaeei e
ii?aae?aiaeei o/auatho ioeuen e aeuoaiea e iiauoatho e?iayiia aeaaeaiea.
Iie niinianoaotho oaeaea oaaee/aieth a e?iae eiee/anoaa iaeioi?uo
aauanoa (a /anoiinoe, o?eaoeaoeeaeeoea?ieia), /oi ii oeaiiie ?aaeoeee
i?eaiaeeo e aicieeiiaaieth na?aea/ii-ninoaeenouo caaieaaaiee:
aoa?ineea?ica, eioa?eoa ieiea?aea, einoeueoa. Eiaiii iiauoaiea
eiee/anoaa aoeaoeeaeeoea?ieia – iaeia ec aiciiaeiuo i?e/ei aicieeiiaaiey
(iiae aeaenoaeai no?anna) ineoe/aneeo caaieaaaiee.

?aeaenaoeey

Eae oaea aiai?eeinue, no?anniaay ?aaeoeey aucuaaao a i?aaiecia
iau/iui ?aoeaeoi?iui iooai anoanoaaiiia ioaaoiia aeaenoaea – ?aaeoeeth A
eee A. Iao naaiaeiyoiee “anoanoaaiiue” ia?ac aeecie n aai “i?eau/iui”
aeaoeoeeoii aeaeaeaiee ia aeaao noeioea aeey aeoeaiiai ioaaoiiai
aeaenoaey. Aeey ian ana aieaa e aieaa i?eau/iie a iiaeiaiuo neooaoeeyo
noaiiaeony ?aaeoeey A – aaanoai. E yoi ni/aoaiea iaaaeaeaaoiiai ia?aca
aeecie e aeioeie/aneie e ai?iiiaeueiie ?aaeoeee ia no?ann iiaeao
i?eaanoe e na?ueaciui ioeeiiaieyi a ninoiyiee caei?iauey.

Eaeie aea auoiae ec nicaeaaoaainy iieiaeaiey iu iiaeai e aeieaeiu
iaeoe? Auoiae iaeei – i?aaeaea anaai eciaieoue ia?ac aeecie, ia?aeoe io
ianneaiinoe e aeoeaiinoe. Aaaeue aeinoaoi/iay aeoeaiinoue ia iicaieyao
a?aaeiui aauanoaai neaieeaaoueny a i?aaiecia. A eae auoue a oao
neooaoeeyo, eiaaea au ia a ninoiyiee eneeth/eoue no?anniaoth neooaoeeth
ec naiae aeecie? Neaaeoao iao/eoueny aeoeaii aeeyoue ia iaa,
“aii?oece?oy” oai naiui no?anniaue oaea?. Yoi icia/aao – iao/eoueny
oi?aaeyoue no?annii aii?aee anoanoaaiiie aaoiiaoe/aneie ?aaeoeee e
ioaa/aoue ia iaai aooi?aaoeyoeeiiii, eee, eae aiai?yo iaaeeee,
?aeaenaoeeiiii.

A oa/aiea aeieaiai a?aiaie auoiaaei iiaiea, /oi ?aaeoeey o?aaiae (A
eee A) yaeyaony iai?aaeneacoaiie e iaaaciianiie e ii-ae?oaiio /aeiaae ia
iiaeao ?aaae?iaaoue ia no?ann. Iaeiaei iiiaieaoiee iiuo
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao: ai?acaei iieaciaa, eniieuecoy ?aca?aiua aiciiaeiinoe
i?aaiecia, iaeaaeaoue iaoiaeii niciaoaeueiie e aeoeaiie naii?aaoeyoeee.
Yoi iicaieeo aai ?aaae?iaaoue ia no?ann aieaa niieieii.

Nae?aou ioaaoiie ?aaeoeee ia o?aaiao (A eee A) ?ane?ue aia?eeaineee
oeceieia Oieoa? Eaiiii. A oaeio aicieeiiaaiey no?anna i?iiee eaiaaeneee
oeceieia Aain Naeuea. Eiaiii oeceieiae auneacaee i?aaeiieiaeaiea i
aiciiaeiinoe niciaoaeueiiai aooi?aaoeyoeeiiiiai aiaoaoaeuenoaa,
i?iieeiiaaiey /aeiaaea aioo?ue naiiai naay, a nianoaaiiia “y”, e aeaee
aio iao/iia iainiiaaiea. Yoi auee aaeeeee ?onneee oeceieia Iaaeia e
auaeathueany aia?eeaineea enneaaeiaaoaee Oiean e Aainii.

Iie iieacaee, /oi /aeiaae niiniaai oaeaea ?aaoee?iaaoue iaeioi?ua
i?e?iaeiua oeceieiae/aneea i?ioeannu, o.a. iaeaaeaao aiciiaeiinoueth
oeaeaiai?aaeaiii eniieueciaaoue naie aiciiaeiinoe. Oaeei ia?acii, aai
?aaeoeey ia no?anniaua ?acae?aaeeoaee iiaeao niinianoaiaaoue oe?aieaieth
caei?iauey – eae ineoe/aneiai, oae e oece/aneiai. Naii ii naaa yoi
eiae/ii: aaaeue anee aai “iiae neeo” a?aaeeoue nianoaaiiiio caei?iaueth,
oi ii/aio au ia eniieueciaaoue oa aea naiua niiniaiinoe ai aeaai. E
oiaaea oneeey aoaeoo iai?aaeaiu ia oieueei ia aeen?aaoeyoeeth, ii,
iaiai?io, aoaeoo eniieueciaaiu iieiaeeoaeueii aeey aooi?aaoeyoeee. Ia
yoie i/aiue aaaeiie niiniaiinoe iiiaea ec ian, aa?iyoii, aeaaea ia
iiaeic?aaatho, e o aieueoeinoaa iia oae e inoaaony iaeniieueciaaiiie.

Eiaaea /aeiaae aae?oa ociaao, /oi ii nianai ia iaycaoaeueii
aeieaeai noaoue aea?oaie no?anna, /oi ii aiieia iiaeao iieiaeeoueny ia
naay e iaeaaeaao niiniaiinoueth caueuaoueny, yoi, anoanoaaiii, i?eaeaao
aio oaa?aiiinoue a naieo neeao e aucuaaao aeaeaiea /oi-oi
i?aaei?eiyoue. Ii aeey yoiai iaiaoiaeeii ciaoue n?aaenoaa e iaoiaeu, n
iiiiuueth eioi?uo iiaeii eiio?iee?iaaoue naie oeceieiae/aneea ?aaeoeee
ia no?anniaua eiioeuenu.

Aaoiiaoe/aneay ?aaeoeey o?aaiae ninoieo ec o?ao iineaaeiaaoaeueiuo oac
(niaeanii oai?ee A.Naeuea): 1) eiioeuen, 2) no?ann e 3) aaeaioaoeey.
Eiuie neiaaie, anee ianooiaao aaeaioaoeey, oi no?anniaia ninoiyiea
anei?a eaeao ia oaueue – /aeiaae oae eee eia/a oniieaeaaaony. Anee aea
aaeaioaoeey ia?ooaaony (eee aiiaua ionoonoaoao), oi aiciiaeii
aicieeiiaaiea iaeioi?uo ineoiniiaoe/aneeo caaieaaaiee eee ?anno?ienoa.

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, anee au ia oioeoa iai?aaeoue naie oneeey ia
nio?aiaiea caei?iauey, oi ia no?anniaue eiioeuen aeieaeiu iniciaoaeueii
ioaa/aoue ?aeaenaoeeae. N iiiiuueth yoiai aeaea aeoeaiie caueou /aeiaae
a ninoiyiee aiaoeaaoueny a ethaoth eo o?ao oac no?anna. Oai naiui au
iiaeaoa iiiaoaoue aicaeaenoaeth no?anniaiai eiioeuena, caaea?aeaoue aai
eee (anee no?anniaay neooaoeey aua ia ianooieea) ineaaeoue no?ann,
i?aaeioa?aoea oai naiui ineoiniiaoe/aneea ia?ooaiey a i?aaiecia.

Aeoeaece?oy aeayoaeueiinoue ia?aiie nenoaiu, ?aeaenaoeey ?aaoee?oao
iano?iaiea e noaiaiue ineoe/aneiai aicaoaeaeaiey, iicaieyao ineaaeoue
eee na?ineoue aucaaiiia no?annii ineoe/aneia e iuoa/iia iai?yaeaiea.

“N oi/ee c?aiey iaoaai nia?aiaiiiai iao/iiai iiieiaiey /aeiaae
yaeyaony eneeth/eoaeueiie nenoaiie, iineieueeo aai ioee/aao nooiaiue
aooi?aaoeyoeee”, – yoe neiaa i?eiaaeeaaeao E.I.Iaaeiao.

3. OACU NO?ANNA

Eae iu iiiiei, Naeuea auaeaeee o?e oacu no?anna: o?aaiae
(iiaeeecaoeey caueoiuo nee), ?acenoaioiinoe (i?eniiniaeaiea e o?oaeiie
neooaoeee), enoiuaiey (i?e aeeeoaeueiii no?anna), Yoo iineaaeithth oaco
iacuaatho oaeaea noaaeeae aeeno?anna, eiaaea i?ienoiaeeo n?ua
aaeaioaoeeiiiuo nenoai i?aaiecia a ?acoeueoaoa neeoeii neeueiiai eee
/?acia?ii aeeeoaeueiiai aicaeaenoaey no?anna. Ii A.Naeuea, iia i?eaiaeeo
e caaieaaaieyi e aeaaea iiaeao caaa?oeoueny nia?oueth.

Enneaaeiaaiey iicaieeee a?aoe/anee au?aceoue aeeiaieeo no?anna. Ia
?enoiea aeaeii, /oi no?ann a naiai ?acaeoee i?ioiaeeo o?e iniiaiua oacu:
1 – no?ann iaeeaeaiey, 2 – nianoaaiii no?ann, 3 – iinono?ann.

*oi aea i?aaenoaaeytho niaie yoe oacu?

Ia?aoth oaco – no?ann iaeeaeaiey – A.Naeuea o?aeoiaae oieueei eae
iiaeeecaoeeth, iiaeaioaaeeaathuoth i?aaieci e no?anno, aeeth/aiea
caueoiuo iaoaieciia. Aieaa iicaeiea enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi ia?aay
noaaeey no?anna oa?aeoa?ecoaony aieueoei iai?yaeaieai
neiiaoeei-aae?aiaeiaie nenoaiu, /ai aeaaea nai no?ann.

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