.

Родство и различие психики животных и человека

Язык: русский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 759
Скачать документ

AIEEOeUINEEE AIAIIUE EINOEOOO OIN ?O

Eaoaae?a ineoieiaee e iaaeaaiaeee.

Oaeoeueoao cai/iiai iao/aiey

ioaeaeaiea ineoieiaee

Oaia: “?iaenoai e ?acee/ea ineoeee aeeaioiuo e /aeiaaea”.

?aoa?ao nooaeaioee 1 eo?na Eioiaie Aeaiu Ieoaeeiaiu

Iao/iue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue iiaeiieeiaiee Aeieo?eaa E.A.

Aieeoeuii 1999I E A I .

TOC \o “1-3” I. Aaaaeaiea. PAGEREF _Toc464446285 \h 2

II. ?acaeoea ineoeee a aeeaioiii ie?a. PAGEREF _Toc464446286 \h 3

II. Niciaiea /aeiaaea. PAGEREF _Toc464446287 \h 7

III. Aeaaiua /a?ou ioee/ey ineoeee aeeaioiuo io niciaiey /aeiaaea.
PAGEREF _Toc464446288 \h 10

Caeeth/aiea. PAGEREF _Toc464446289 \h 19

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u. PAGEREF _Toc464446290 \h 20

I. Aaaaeaiea.

A naiae ?aaioa ii oaia “?iaenoai e ?acee/ea ineoeee aeeaioiuo e
/aeiaaea” y oi/o i?iaanoe n?aaiaiea ineoeee /aeiaaea e aeeaioiuo, iaeoe
/ai iie noiaee, e /oi eo ioee/aao.

Iiy caaea/a – aeaoue i?aaenoaaeaiea i oii, eaeea ia?eiaeu ?acaeoey
i?ioea ineoeea aeeaioiuo, aeey oiai /oi au i?aa?aoeoueny a niciaiea
/aeiaaea.

Aeaiiay ?aaioa ninoieo ec aaaaeaiey, iniiaiie /anoe, aeeth/athuae 2
iniiaiuo aii?ina. Ia?aue – ?ane?uaaao i?iaeaio ?acaeoey ineoeee
aeeaioiuo. Ai aoi?ii – ?anniao?eaaaony eiay oi?ia ineoeee, iaeaaeathuay
aieaa niaa?oaiiuie /a?oaie – /aeiaa/aneia niciaiea.

Iiie auee eniieueciaaiu oaeea enoi/ieee – “O?anoiiaoey ii ciiineoieiaee
e n?aaieoaeueiie ineoieiaee”, “O?anoiiaoey ii ineoieiaee” e ae?oaea. Yoe
eieae iiiiaee iia ?ane?uoue yoo oaio. Aaoi?u yoeo eiea i/aiue eioa?anii
e aeinooiii ?anneacuaatho i ca?iaeaeaiee ineoeee, i?eaiaeyony
iiiai/eneaiiua yenia?eiaiou, aeieacuaathuea ?acee/ey ineoeee aeeaioiuo
io /aeiaa/aneiai niciaiey.

II. ?acaeoea ineoeee a aeeaioiii ie?a.

Ethaay iaoea eae naiinoiyoaeueiay io?aneue /aeiaa/aneiai ciaiey eiaao
naie iniaue i?aaeiao. I?aaeiaoii iaoee ineoieiaee yaeythony
caeiiiia?iinoe aicieeiiaaiey, ?acaeoey e i?iyaeaiey ineoeee. Aua a
aeoaieie ae?aaiinoe /aeiaae ia?aoee aieiaiea ia oi, /oi nouanoaotho
yaeaiey aauanoaaiiua – ie?oaeathuay i?e?iaea, ethaee, ?acee/iua
i?aaeiaou. E iaaauanoaaiiua – ia?acu ethaeae e i?aaeiaoia, ainiiieiaiey
i ieo, ia?aaeeaaiey, oaeinoaaiiua, iiae/an, o?oaeii iauynieiua. Ia eiay
aiciiaeiinoe i?aaeeueii iiiyoue yoe caaaaei/iua yaeaiey, ?ane?uoue eo
i?e?iaeo e i?e/eiu aicieeiiaaiey, ethaee noaee n/eoaoue eo
nouanoaothueie naiinoiyoaeueii, iacaaeneii io ie?oaeathuaai ?aaeueiiai
ie?a. Eiaiii oae aicieeee i?aaenoaaeaiey i aeooa e i oaea, i iaoa?ee e i
ineoeea, eae naiinoiyoaeueiuo ia/aeao.

Ineoeea – io a?a/aneiai aeooaaiue, – naienoai aunieii?aaieciaaiiie
iaoa?ee, yaeythuaeny iniaie oi?iie io?aaeaiey aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe,
?acoeueoao niaoeeoe/aneeo acaeiiaeaenoaee aeeauo nenoai n ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeie. Ineoe/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaiecia inouanoaeyaony
iin?aaenoaii iiiaeanoaa niaoeeaeueiuo oaeaniuo ono?ienoa. Iaeie ec ieo
aini?eieiatho aicaeaenoaey, ae?oaea – i?aia?acotho eo a neaiaeu, no?iyo
ieai iiaaaeaiey e eiio?iee?otho aai, o?aouee – i?eaeatho iiaaaeaieth
yia?aeth e no?aieoaeueiinoue, /aoaa?oua – i?eaiaeyo a aeaeaeaiea iuooeu
e o.ae. Any yoa neiaeiaeoay ?aaioa iaania/eaaao aeoeaioth i?eaioaoeeth
i?aaiecia a n?aaea e ?aoaiea aeeciaiiuo caaea/.

Ia i?ioyaeaiee aeeeoaeueiie yaiethoeee i?aaie/aneiai ie?a – io aiaau aei
/aeiaaea – oeceieiae/aneea iaoaieciu iiaaaeaiey iai?a?uaii
oneiaeiyeenue, aeeooa?aioee?iaaeenue, noaiiaynue aeaaiaea?y yoiio ana
aieaa aeaeeie e iia?aoeaiuie.

Aei iieiaeiu i?ioeiai noieaoey aieueoeinoai aeaaea o/aiuo ethaeae
n/eoaei, /oi aeeaioiue ie? nouanoaoao nai ii naaa, a /aeiaa/anoai – naii
ii naaa. Ethaeyi eacaeinue inei?aeoaeueiie i?inoay iuneue i oii, /oi
/aeiaae e aeeaioiua aaeeiu ii naiaio i?ienoiaeaeaieth. Oieueei aaeeeee
Aea?aei aeieacae yoo enoeio, oai naiui niaa?oea ia?aai?io a /aeiaa/aneeo
oiao.

Anee ieoiooueny a i?aaeunoi?eth /aeiaa/aneiai niciaiey, oi iu oaeaeei,
/oi yoi aeeeoaeueiue e neiaeiue i?ioeann ?acaeoey ineoeee aeeaioiuo.
Ineoeea yaeyaony i?iaeoeoii aeeeoaeueiiai e neiaeiiai i?ioeanna ?acaeoey
i?aaie/aneie i?e?iaeu. I?inoaeoea iee?ii?aaieciu ia iaeaaeatho ineoeeie,
aeey ieo oa?aeoa?ia aieaa yeaiaioa?iay oi?ia io?aaeaiey –
?acae?aaeeiinoue – yoi naienoai aeeauo i?aaieciia ?aaae?iaaoue
eciaiaieai naiaai ninoiyiey eee aeaeaeaiey ia aiaoiaa aicaeaenoaea. Neea
e oa?aeoa? ioaaoiuo ?aaeoeee caaenyo ia oieueei io oiai ianeieueei
neeueii aiaoiaa aicaeaenoaea, ii e io aioo?aiiaai ninoiyiey aeeaiai
nouanoaa (yenia?eiaiou o/aiuo iieacaee, /oi nuoay aiaaa ia ieuo ia
?aaae?oao). Oiaaea eae ineoe/aneia io?aaeaiea i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
?aaeoeeth aeeaiai nouanoaa ia oieueei ia aeieiae/anee cia/eiua
?acae?aaeeoaee, ii e ia oaeea, eioi?ua auiieiytho ooieoeeth neaiaea, eae
au i?aaeoi?aaeaeatho i aeieiae/anee cia/eiii aicaeaenoaee (ianaeiiua,
i?eaioe?oynue ia caoe, caiao, oeaao, iaoiaeyo ieuo eee ecaaaatho
iianiinoe).

Iiyaeaiea ineoe/aneie oi?iu io?aaeaiey naycaii n aicieeiiaaieai
i?inoaeoae ia?aiie nenoaiu. Aia?aua iia iiyaeyaony o eeoa/ii-iieinoiuo
(aeae?a, iaaeoca) – o ieo iaaethaeathony iaaeeooa?aioee?iaaiiua ?aaeoeee
anaai i?aaiecia ia ?acee/iua ?acae?aaeeoaee, oae eae o ieo iao
oi?aaeythuaai oeaio?a, eioi?ue iiyaeyaony ia neaaeothuai yoaia ?acaeoey
ia?aiie nenoaiu, eioi?ay iacuaaaony aaiaeeiciie (o /a?aae). O ieo
i?aaieci aeaenoaoao eae aaeeiia oeaeia, ii aieiaiie ocae ono?iai
neiaeiaa, /ai ana inoaeueiua, iiyoiio ?aaae?oao aieaa
aeeooa?aioee?iaaiii ia aiaoiea ?acae?aaeeoaee.

A aeaeueiaeoai, n ia?aoiaeii aeeaioiuo e iacaiiiio ia?aco aeecie e n
?acaeoeai ei?u aieiaiiai iicaa aicieeaao ineoe/aneia io?aaeaiea
aeeaioiuie oeaeinoiuo aauae, aicieeaao ia?oeaioeaiay ineoeea.

Aua aieueoaa oneiaeiaiea oneiaee nouanoaiaaiey, eioi?ia i?eaaei e
?acaeoeth aua aieaa niaa?oaiiuo i?aaiia aini?eyoey e aeaenoaey, e aua
aieaa niaa?oaiiiai iicaa, nicaeaao o aeeaioiuo aiciiaeiinoue
/oanoaaiiiai aini?eyoey aauae a aeaea i?aaeiaoiuo neooaoeee.

?acaeoea aeecie i?eaiaeeo e aicieeiiaaieth o ieo i?aaiia /oanoa, i?aaiia
aeaenoaey e ia?aiie nenoaiu, ooieoeeae eioi?uo yaeyaony io?aaeaiea
ie?oaeathuae eo aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe.

Ioaa/ay eciaiaieth oneiaee nouanoaiaaiey, eciaiyaony e aeayoaeueiinoue
aeeaioiuo. Ia?aia ioee/ea anyeie aeayoaeueiinoe aeeaioiuo io
aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea ninoieo a oii, /oi o aeeaioiuo iia yaeyaony
aeayoaeueiinoueth einoeieoeaii-aeieiae/aneie, oi anoue aeayoaeueiinoue
aeeaioiiai iiaeao inouanoaeyoueny oieueei a oii neo/aa, anee aeey iaai
yoi aeeciaiii iaiaoiaeeii, anee i?e iiiiue yoie aeayoaeueiinoe aoaeao
i?ienoiaeeoue oaeiaeaoai?aiea aai aeieiae/aneeo iio?aaiinoae. Iai?eia?,
anee a niciaiee /aeiaaea oeao?a o?aoaieueieea oa?aeoa?ecoaony iauaeoeaii
– eiee/anoaii oaeia, noi?ii e o. ae. , oi aeey aeeaioiiai iia aoaeao
oa?aeoa?eciaaoueny e io?aaeaoueny iaioaeaeeii io niioaaonoaothuaai
aeieiae/aneiai aai ioiioaiey. Iiyoiio, anee o aeeaioiiai ia nouanoaoao e
aeaiiie aaue, i?aaeiaoo einoeieoeaiiai ioiioaiey, oi iia aeey aeeaioiiai
eae au ia nouanoaoao. Eiaaea /aeiaae anooiaao a ioiioaiea e aaue, oi ii
ioee/aao iauaeoeaiue i?aaeiao naiaai ioiioaiey, a n ae?oaie – naia
ioiioaiea e iaio. Oaeiai ?acaeaeaiey o aeeaioiiai ia nouanoaoao.
“AEeaioiia – ia ioiineony ie e /aio e aiiaua ia “ioiineony”…” – aiai?ee
E. Ia?en.

Aua iaeiie /a?oie ioee/ey ineoeee aeeaioiiai io ineoeee /aeiaaea
yaeyaony iieacaoaeue ioiioaiey aeeaioiiai e naaa iiaeiaiui. AEeaioiia
ioiineony e naaa iiaeiaiui oaeaea eae e e ae?oaei aiaoiei i?aaeiaoai e
iauaeoai, iie oiaea i?eiaaeeaaeao e e?oao einoeieoeaiuo aeieiae/aneeo
ioiioaiee. Yoi noieo a nayce n oai oaeoii, /oi o aeeaioiuo ia nouanoaoao
iauanoaa. O iaeioi?uo aeeaioiuo (io?aauee, i/aeu e ae?.) iiaeii
iaaethaeaoue aeayoaeueiinoue ianeieueeeo aeeaioiuo, ii iu ieeiaaea ia
iaaethaeaai o ieo niaianoiie aeayoaeueiinoe. Enneaaeiaaoaee i?iaaee
oaeie yenia?eiaio: n?aco ia?aae ianeieueeeie iaacueyiaie iinoaaeee
caaea/o – o?aaiaaeinue iieiaeeoue yuee ia yuee, aeey oiai, /oi au
aeacoue ia ieo e yoei niiniaii aeinoaoue auniei iiaeaaoaiiue aaiai.
AEeaioiua aeaenoaiaaee, ia n/eoaynue n ae?oaeie. I?e oaeii niaianoiii
aeaenoaee aicieeea ai?ueaa ca yueee, ae?aee iaaeaeo aeeaioiuie, ii
iino?ieea oae e inoaeanue ia aicaaaeaiiie. Oioy a ioaeaeueiinoe eaaeaeay
iaacueyia iiaeao noaaeoue yuee ia yuee e acae?aoueny ii iei aaa?o.

II. Niciaiea /aeiaaea.

Nianai eioth oi?io ineoeee, oa?aeoa?ecothuothny niaa?oaiii ae?oaeie
/a?oaie, i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ineoeea /aeiaaea – /aeiaa/aneia niciaiea.

Ineoeea eae io?aaeaiea aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe a iicao /aeiaaea
oa?aeoa?ecoaony ?aciuie o?iaiyie. Aunoee o?iaaiue ineoeee, naienoaaiiue
/aeiaaeo ia?acoao niciaiea.

Niciaiea – aunoay nooiaiue ?acaeoey ineoeee, naienoaaiiay oieueei
/aeiaaeo, eioi?ay aicieeea a i?ioeanna iauanoaaiiie o?oaeiaie
aeayoaeueiinoe ethaeae i?e iinoiyiiii iauaiee eo iaaeaeo niaie n
iiiiuueth ycuea.

Eaeiaa aea no?oeoo?a niciaiey, aai aaaeiaeoea ineoieiae/aneea
oa?aeoa?enoeee?

Ia?aay aai oa?aeoa?enoeea aeaia oaea a naiii aai iaeiaiiaaiee: niciaiea.
*aeiaa/aneia niciaiea aeeth/aao a naay niaieoiiinoue ciaiee ia
ie?oaeathuai ian ie?a. E. Ia?en ienae: “Niinia, eaeei nouanoaoao
niciaiea e eaeei ia/oi nouanoaoao aeey iaai, yoi – ciaiea”1. A no?oeoo?o
niciaiey, oaeei ia?acii, aoiaeyo aaaeiaeoea iiciaaaoaeueiua i?ioeannu, n
iiiiuueth eioi?uo /aeiaae iinoiyiii iaiaauaao naie ciaiey. E /eneo yoeo
i?ioeannia iiaoo auoue ioianaiu iuouaiey e aini?eyoey, iaiyoue,
aiia?aaeaiea e iuoeaiea. N iiiiuueth iuouaiee e aini?eyoee i?e
iaiin?aaenoaaiiii io?aaeaiee aicaeaenoaothueo ia iica ?acae?aaeeoaeae a
niciaiee neeaaeuaaaony /oanoaaiiay ea?oeia ie?a, eaeei ii
i?aaenoaaeyaony /aeiaaeo a aeaiiue iiiaio.

Iaiyoue iicaieyao aiciaiiaeoue a niciaiee ia?acu i?ioeiai, aiia?aaeaiea
– no?ieoue ia?aciua iiaeaee oiai, /oi yaeyaony iauaeoii iio?aaiinoae, ii
ionoonoaoao a ianoiyuaa a?aiy. Iuoeaiea iaania/eaaao ?aoaiea caaea/
iooai eniieueciaaiey iaiauaiiuo ciaiee. Ia?ooaiea, ?anno?ienoai, ia
aiai?y oaea i iieiii ?aniaaea ethaiai ec oeacaiiuo ineoe/aneeo
iiciaaaoaeueiuo i?ioeannia, iaecaaaeii noaiiayony ?anno?ienoaii
niciaiey.

Aoi?ay oa?aeoa?enoeea niciaiey – cae?aieaiiia a iai io/aoeeaia
?acee/aiea noauaeoa e iauaeoa, o. a. oiai, /oi i?eiaaeeaaeeo “y”
/aeiaaea e aai ”ia – y”. *aeiaae, aia?aua a enoi?ee i?aaie/aneiai ie?a
auaeaeeaoeeny ec iaai e i?ioeaiiinoaaeaoee naay ie?oaeathuaio,
i?iaeieaeaao nio?aiyoue a naiai niciaiee yoi i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiea e
?acee/ea. Ii aaeeinoaaiiue n?aaee aeeauo nouanoa niiniaai inouanoaeyoue
naiiiiciaiea, o. a. ia?aoeoue ineoe/aneoth aeayoaeueiinoue ia
enneaaeiaaiea naiiai naay. *aeiaae i?iecaiaeeo niciaoaeueioth
naiiioeaieo naieo iinooieia e naiiai naay a oeaeii. Ioaeaeaiea “y” io
”ia – y” – iooue, eioi?ue i?ioiaeeo eaaeaeue /aeiaae a aeaonoaa,
inouanoaeyaony a i?ioeanna oi?ie?iaaiey naiiniciaiey /aeiaaea.

O?aouey oa?aeoa?enoeea niciaiey – iaania/aiea oeaeaiieaaathuae
aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea. A ooieoeee niciaiey aoiaeeo oi?ie?iaaiea oeaeae
aeayoaeueiinoe, i?e yoii neeaaeuaathony e acaaoeaathony aa iioeau,
i?eieiathony aieaaua ?aoaiey, o/eouaaaony oiae auiieiaiey aeaenoaee e
aiinyony a iaai iaiaoiaeeiua ei??aeoeau e o. ae. E. Ia?en iiae/a?eeaae,
/oi “/aeiaae ia oieueei eciaiyao oi?io oiai, /oi aeaii i?e?iaeie; ii
inouanoaeyao aianoa n oai e naith niciaoaeueioth oeaeue, eioi?ay eae
caeii ii?aaeaeyao niinia e oa?aeoa? aai aeaenoaee e eioi?ie ii aeieaeai
iiae/eiyoue naith aieth”1. Anyeia ia?ooaiea a ?acoeueoaoa aieacie eee ii
eaeei-oi eiui i?e/eiai aiciiaeiinoe inouanoaeyoue oeaeaiieaaathuoth
aeayoaeueiinoue, aa eii?aeeiaoeeth e iai?aaeaiiinoue ?anniao?eaaaony eae
ia?ooaiea niciaiey.

Iaeiiaoe, /aoaa?oay oa?aeoa?enoeea niciaiey – aeeth/aiea a aai ninoaa
ii?aaeaeaiiiai ioiioaiey. “Iia ioiioaiea e iiae n?aaea anoue iia
niciaiea”, – ienae E. Ia?en. A niciaiea /aeiaaea iaecaaaeii aoiaeeo ie?
/oanoa, aaea iaoiaeyo io?aaeaiea neiaeiua iauaeoeaiua e i?aaeaea anaai
iauanoaaiiua ioiioaiey, a eioi?ua aeeth/ai /aeiaae.

III. Aeaaiua /a?ou ioee/ey ineoeee aeeaioiuo io niciaiey /aeiaaea.

Enoi?ey ?acaeoey /aeiaaea – ea/anoaaiii iiaay nooiaiue, eioi?ay
ei?aiiui ia?acii ioee/aaony io i?aaeoanoaothuaai iooe aeieiae/aneiai
?acaeoey aeeaioiuo.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy iiaeii n/eoaoue onoaiiaeaiiui, /oi ?iae /aeiaa/aneee
ca?iaeeeny a ainoi/iie Ao?eea. A ?acoeueoaoa aaieiae/aneiai eaoaeeecia
ainoi/iay /anoue yoie iaeanoe, i?aaenoaaeyaoay niaie eanenoia aunieia
ieaoi, iionoeeanue. Yoi niauoea ?acaeaeeei iaoeo i?aaeeia ia aeaa
a?oiiu.

*eaiu a?oiiu, eioi?ua inoaeenue ia aicauoaiiinoe, i?iaeieaeaee aanoe
ae?aaaniue ia?ac aeecie, a eo iioiiee – yoi iaoe aeeaeaeoea ?iaee/e,
oeiiaica e ai?eeeu. Oaeei ia?acii, iooaiou, niiniaiua ia?aaeaeaaoueny a
aa?oeeaeueiii iieiaeaiee, niiaee aaeaioe?iaaoueny e i?ienoaaeoaio
eciaiaieth n?aaeu.

Aa?oeeaeueiia iieiaeaiea oaea ieacaeinue nouanoaaiiie i?aaeiinueeie
aicieeiiaaiey /aeiaaea, oae eae i?eaiaeeei e ?anoe?aieth e?oaici?a,
oneiaeiaieth ooieoeee ia?aaeieo e caaeieo eiia/iinoae – yoi a naith
i/a?aaeue i?eaiaeeei e ?acaeoeth iicaa. I?iecioei iiyaeaiea iiauo
iio?aaiinoae. E?iia ieuaaie, iai?iieoaeueiie, iieiaie ca?iaeaeaaony
iio?aaiinoue a i?eaioe?iai/ii-iieneiaie aeayoaeueiinoe. Yoa iio?aaiinoue
ciaiaioao niaie ca?iaeaeaiea iiciaaaoaeueiiai ioiioaiey e
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, eioi?ia oa?aeoa?ii oieueei aeey /aeiaaea.

Iao niiiaiey, /oi nouanoaoao ia?iiiay ?acieoea iaaeaeo ineoeeie /aeiaaea
e ineoeeie aeeaioiiai.

Niciaiea, eae e ineoeea a oeaeii, yaeyaony i?ioeannii io?aaeaiey, ii
yoio i?ioeann ia o?iaia niciaiey niaa?oaaony cia/eoaeueii neiaeiaa. Aeey
niciaiey oa?aeoa?ai ?yae niaoeeoe/aneeo naienoa, eioi?ua ia
iaaethaeathony a ineoeea aeeaioiuo : o /aeiaaea io?aaeaiea
ie?oaeathuaai ie?a ?acee/ii ia ?aciuo yoaiao enoi?e/aneiai ?acaeoey.
I?ioeann io?aaeaiey ie?oaeathuaai ie?a ia inoaaony iaeciaiiui. Iaiyaony
aic?ano, i?eia?aoaaony iiuo, eciaiythony acaeyaeu ia aeeciue. O
aeeaioiuo oiaea i?ienoiaeyo iiaeiaiua eciaiaiey, ii iie eanathony iaeiie
iniae, a /aeiaae iiaeao i?enaieoue iauanoaaiii-enoi?e/aneee iiuo anaai
/aeiaa/anoaa.

O ethaeae oae aea ioee/athony ?aciua yoaiu iiciaiey, e yoiio ioiineony
i?ioeann ia?aoiaea io iaciaiey e ciaieth, io /oanoaaiiiai iiciaiey e
eiae/aneiio.

Aaeeinoai enoi?e/aneiai e iioiaaiaoe/aneiai a io?aaeaiee /aeiaaeii
ie?oaeathuaai ie?a yaeythony iaeiie ec aeaaiuo /a?o, ioee/athuae
niciaiea /aeiaaea io ineoeee aeeaioiuo.

Ineoe/aneia io?aaeaiea iaania/eaaao aeeaioiui i?eniiniaeaiea e aiaoiei
oneiaeyi, ii iie iiaoo eeoue eniieueciaaoue oi, /oi aeaao i?e?iaea.
Aeoeaiia aea /aeiaa/aneia niciaiea aeaao aiciiaeiinoue i?aia?aciauaaoue
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue. “ Niciaiea /aeiaaea – ia oieueei io?aaeaao
iauaeoeaiue ie?, ii e oai?eo aai” – ienae Eaiei. 1

Aua iaeia ioee/eoaeueiay /a?oa ineoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea –
ia?aaea/a iauanoaaiiiai iiuoa. E aeeaioiia e /aeiaae eiatho a naiai
a?naiaea ecaanoiue iiuo iieieaiee a aeaea einoeieoeaiuo aeaenoaee ia
ii?aaeaeaiiiai oeia ?acae?aaeeoaeue. E oio e ae?oaie i?eia?aoatho ee/iue
iiuo ai anaaiciiaeiuo neooaoeeyo, eioi?ua i?aaeeaaaao ei aeeciue. Ii
oieueei /aeiaae i?enaaeaaao iauanoaaiiue iiuo. Iauanoaaiiue iiuo
caieiaao aeiieie?othuaa ianoi a iiaaaeaiee ioaeaeueiiai /aeiaaea.
Ineoeeo /aeiaaea a iaeaieueoae ia?a ?acaeaaao ia?aaeaaaaiue aio
iauanoaaiiue iiuo. N iiiaioa ?iaeaeaiey ?aaaiie iaeaaeaaaao niiniaaie
oiio?aaeaiey i?oaeee, niiniaaie iauaiey. Ineoe/aneea ooieoeee /aeiaaea
ea/anoaaiii iaiythony aeaaiaea?y iaeaaeaieth ioaeaeueiui noauaeoii
i?oaeeyie eoeueoo?iiai ?acaeoey /aeiaaea. O /aeiaaea ?acaeaathony
aunoea, nianoaaiii /aeiaa/aneea, ooieoeee (i?iecaieueiay iaiyoue,
i?iecaieueiia aieiaiea, aano?aeoiia iuoeaiea).

Io?aaeaiea aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe i?enoua e aeeaioiui, e /aeiaaeo. Ii iii
iaania/eaaao aeeaioiui eeoue ?aaoeyoeeth iiaaaeaiey n oeaeueth
i?eniiniaeaiey e ie?oaeathuaio ie?o, e a ai?ueaa ca nouanoaiaaiea
auaeeaatho oa aeeaioiua, eioi?ua oniaoii i?eniiniaeeenue e aiaoiei
oneiaeyi. A aeey /aeiaaea io?aaeaiea ie?a yaeyaony i?ioeannii iiciaiey
ie?a a aai nouanoaaiiuo naycyo e ioiioaieyo. Iaiauaiea iaeaieeaaaiiai
iiuoa a neiaa, n?aaieaay i?ioeia e ianoiyuaa, /aeiaae onoaiaaeeaaao
i?e/eiii-neaaenoaaiiua nayce, a ciay eo ii iiaeao i?aaeaeaeaoue
aoaeouaa, i?iaiice?iaaoue aai – a yoii i?iyaeyaony aua iaeii ioee/ea
ineoeee aeeaioiiai io niciaiey /aeiaaea.

Aaaeiia ioee/ea niciaiey /aeiaaea io ineoeee aeeaioiuo caeeth/aaony e a
iaee/ee naiiniciaiey, oi anoue niiniaiinoe iiciaaaoue ia oieueei aiaoiee
ie?, ii e naiiai naay, naie oeie/iua e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua iniaaiiinoe.
Yoi ioe?uaaao aiciiaeiinoue niaa?oainoaiaaiey naiiai naay, naiieiio?iey
e naiiainieoaiey.

*aeiaa/aneay ineoeea iiaeaioaaeeaaeanue anai oiaeii yaiethoeee iaoa?ee.
Aiaeec ?acaeoey ineoeee iicaieyao iai aiai?eoue i aeieiae/aneeo
i?aaeiinueeao aicieeiiaaiey niciaiey. Aaconeiaii, i?aaeie /aeiaaea
iaeaaeae niiniaiinoueth e i?aaeiaoii-aeaenoaaiiiio iuoeaieth, iia
ia?aciauaaoue iiiaeanoai annioeeaoeee. I?aae/aeiaae, iaeaaeay
eiia/iinoueth oeia ?oee, iia nicaeaaaoue yeaiaioa?iua i?oaeey e
eniieueciaaoue eo a eiie?aoiie neooaoeee. Ana yoi iu iaoiaeei e o
nia?aiaiiuo /aeiaaeiia?aciuo iaacueyi.

Iaeiaei iaeuecy auaanoe niciaiea iaiin?aaenoaaiii ec yaiethoeee
aeeaioiuo : /aeiaae – i?iaeoeo iauanoaaiiuo ioiioaiee. Aeieiae/aneie
i?aaeiinueeie iauanoaaiiuo ioiioaiee auei noaaei. I?aaeee /aeiaaea aeeee
noaaeaie, /oi iicaieyei anai iniayi iaeeo/oei ia?acii caueuaoueny io
a?aaia, ieacuaaoue acaeiiiiiiuue ae?oa ae?oao.

Oaeoi?ii, aeeythuei ia i?aa?auaiee iaacueyiu a /aeiaaea, noaaea – a
iauanoai, auea o?oaeiaay aeayoaeueiinoue o. a. oaeay aeayoaeueiinoue,
eioi?ay niaa?oaaony ethaeueie i?e niaianoiii ecaioiaeaiee e oiio?aaeaiee
i?oaeee.

Ioee/ea /aeiaaea io aeeaioiiai caeeth/aaony a aai niiniaiinoe
nicaeaaaoue e nio?aiyoue i?oaeey. Yiaaeuen ioia/ae, /oi iaoei
ioaeaeaiiui i?aaeeii auea auniei?acaeoay ae?aaiyy ii?iaea iaacueyi.
Eciaieaoeeny ia?ac aeecie iaacueyi iaoneiaee iiaue niinia eo
ia?aaeaeaeaiey – ii iiaa?oiinoe caiee, i?e eioi?ie iie iinoaiaiii
ia?anoaee iieueciaaoueny aeey yoie oeaee ?oeaie e noaee onaaeaaoue
i?yioth iioiaeeo. ?oee, inaiaiaeeaoenue io ia?aaeaeaeaiey, noaee
niaoeeaeece?iaaoueny ia o?oaeiauo iia?aoeeyo. Ia?aiia/aeueii ?oea
/aeiaaea iaei /ai ioee/aeanue io ?oee iaacueyiu e iiaea auiieiyoue
oieueei i?eieoeaiua aeaenoaey – i?oaeiaaoue iaeeie, eaiiai. A
aeaeueiaeoai ?oea iinoaiaiii niaa?oainoaiaaeanue, i?eniiniaeyynue e
aieaa neiaeiui ooieoeeyi, e o?oaeiaiio i?ioeanno. “ O?oae nicaeae naiiai
/aeiaaea ” – aiai?ee Yiaaeuen – … ii i?ioeann o?oaea ia/eiaaony oieueei
i?e ecaioiaeaiee i?oaeee.”1 Iaeioi?ua i?aaeiinueee yoiai i?ioeanna oaea
eiathony o aunoeo aeeaioiuo. Iai?eia?, iaacueyia iiaeao eniieueciaaoue
iaeeo, /oi au naeoue o?oeou n aea?aaa, neii ioeaiuaaao aaoeo e naiiyao
ath ianaeiiuo n oaea. Ii aeeaioiua eniieuecotho iaeeo neo/aeii e
yieciaee/anee, iiyoiio iie ia ecaioiaeytho naieo i?oaeee e ia o?aiyo eo
ia aoaeouaa. AEeaioiia nicaeaao i?oaeea a eiie?aoiie neooaoeee. Aia
eiie?aoiie neooaoeee aeeaioiia ieeiaaea ia auaeaeeo i?oaeea eae i?oaeea,
ia nio?aiyao aai ai?ie. Eae oieueei i?oaeea nua?aei naith ?ieue a
aeaiiie neooaoeee, iii ooo aea ia?anoaiao nouanoaiaaoue eae i?oaeea aeey
iaacueyiu. Oaeei ia?acii aeeaioiua ia aeeaoo a ie?a iinoiyiiuo aauae.
E?iia oiai, i?oaeeeiay aeayoaeueiinoue aeeaioiuo ieeiaaea ia niaa?oaaony
eieeaeoeaii – a eo/oai neo/aa iaacueyiu iiaoo iaaethaeaoue
aeayoaeueiinoue naiaai nia?aoa.

A ioee/ee io aeeaioiiai /aeiaae nicaeaao i?oaeea ii ca?aiaa
i?iaeoiaiiiio ieaio, eniieuecoao aai ii iacia/aieth e nio?aiyao aai. Ii
aeeaao a ie?a ioiineoaeueii iinoiyiiuo aauae. *aeiaae , eniieuecoy
i?oaeey o?oaea, iniciaao e iiieiaao eo iacia/aiea, iiyoiio i?e eo
ecaioiaeaiee, iaaeoiuaatho ec eaeiai iaoa?eaea e eaeie oi?iu iii
aeieaeii auoue ecaioiaeaii. *aeiaae iieuecoaony i?oaeeai niiaua n
ae?oaeie ethaeueie. Ii caeinoaoao iiuo eniieueciaaiey i?oaeey o iaeieo e
ia?aaeaao aai ae?oaei ethaeyi.

Eiaiii ecaioiaeaiea i?oaeee o?oaea e yaeyaony iieacaoaeai iiyaeaiey
/aeiaaea. N iiiaioa ecaioiaeaiey i?oaeee o?oaea noaee neeaaeuaaoueny
eiua ioiioaiey iaaeaeo ethaeueie. Eaaeaeia iiaia iieieaiea ethaeae
iieo/aao aioiaua i?oaeey o?oaea e iiuo ii eo ecaioiaeaieth, iiyoiio
ethaee ianeaaeotho ia oieueei aeieiae/aneea i?eciaee, ii e
nioeeaeueii-enoi?e/aneee iiuo, iaeaieeaaaiue e nio?aiyaiue i?aaeaea
anaai a i?oaeeyo e n?aaenoaao i?iecaiaenoaa iaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa.

*oi au ia?aaeaaaoue iiuo ec iieieaiey a iieieaiey, ioaeii iauaoueny,
iiyoiio a ?acoeueoaoa yaiethoeee ia?acaeoay ai?oaiue iaacueyiu iaaeeaiii
i?aia?aciauaaeanue aeey i?iecianaiey /eaii?acaeaeueiuo caoeia. O
/aeiaaea iiyaeythony oeaio?u ?a/e, neeaaeuaaaony caoeiaie ycue –
n?aaenoai iauaiey iaaeaeo ethaeueie. O aeeaioiuo iao ycuea e
/eaii?acaeaeueiie iaiauaiiie ?a/e. Iauaiea aeeaioiuo au?aaeaaony
ia?aaeei a oii, /oi iaeii aeeaioiia aeaenoaoao ia ae?oaeo n iiiiuueth
caoeia aieina. Aiaoiaa noiaenoai n /aeiaa/aneie ?a/ueth, eiia/ii,
iiaeii oaeaeaoue, ii anee iiniio?aoue ia yoo i?iaeaio ecioo?e , oi
oaeaeei i?eioeeieaeueiua ?acee/ey. *aeiaae au?aaeaao a naiae ?a/e
iauaeoeaiia niaea?aeaiea e ioaa/aao ia ia?auaiioth e iaio ?a/ue. A
aeeaioiua, ?aaae?oy ia aieiniaie neaiae ae?oaiai aeeaioiiai ioaa/atho ia
ia oi, /oi iauaeoeaii icia/aao aeaiiue aieiniaie neaiae, a ioaa/atho ia
nai yoio neaiae, eioi?ue i?eia?ae aeey ieo ii?aaeaeaiiue aeieiae/aneee
niune.

?acee/iua caoee, enioneaaiua aeaeueoeiii, i?aaenoaaeytho niaie nenoaio
i?inouo neaiaeia, ia?aaeathueo /oanoai no?aoa, aiee, neaiaeece?othueo i
ieua, aaaenoaee, iieneao iniaae i?ioeaiiieiaeiiai iiea. Iiioaae
aeaaiaea?y iniaiio ono?ienoao ?ioiaie iieinoe niiniaai iiae?aaeaoue
caoeai, ii ii a ioee/ea io /aeiaaea ia iiieiaao oi i /ai aiai?eo.
O?aaiaeiue e?ee ioeoeu – yoi einoeieoeaiay ?aaeoeey ia iianiinoue.

Enneaaeiaaoaee i?iaaee oaeie yenia?eiaio. Iieiaee oeuieaiea e ianeeueii
oaea?aeeaaee aai, ii ia/eiae aeoueny e ieuaoue, aai iene i?eaeaeae
ianaaeeo, e iia ono?aieyaony ii iai?aaeaieth e yoiio caoeo. Ai aoi?ie
/anoe yenia?eiaioa i?eaycaiiiai oeuieaiea, eioi?ue i?iaeieaeae ieuaoue,
iae?uee oienoui noaeeyiiui eieiaeii, caaeooathuei caoee. Ianaaeea, aeaey
oeuieaiea, ii ia neuoa aai e?eeia , ia?anoaea i?iyaeyoue ii ioiioaieth e
iaio eaeoth-eeai aeoeaiinoue. Oaeei ia?acii iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae i
oii, /oi eo?eoea ?aaae?oao ia ia oi, /oi iauaeoeaii cia/eo e?ee
oeuieaiea, a ?aaae?oao ia caoe e?eea. Iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae i oii,
aieiniaia iiaaaeaiea aeeaioiuo yaeyaony eo einoeieoeaiie
aeayoaeueiinoueth.

Ie a eaeia n?aaiaiea ia eaeao “ycue” aeeaioiuo e ycue /aeiaaea. A oi
a?aiy eae aeeaioiia iiaeao eeoue iiaeaoue neaiae naiei nia?aoueyi ii
iiaiaeo yaeaiee, ia?aie/aiiuo aeaiiie, iaiin?aaenoaaiiie neooaoeeae,
/aeiaae iiaeao n iiiiuueth ycuea eioi?ie?iaaoue ae?oaeo ethaeae i
i?ioeii, ianoiyuai e aoaeouai, ia?aaeaaaoue ei nioeeaeueiue iiuo.

Eaaeaeue ioaeaeueiue /aeiaae aeaaiaea?y ycueo iieuecoaony iiuoii,
au?aaioaiiui a iiiaiaaeiaie i?aeoeea iauanoaa. Ii iiaeao iieo/eoue
ciaiey i oaeeo yaeaieyo, n eioi?uie ee/ii ieeiaaea ia ano?a/aeny. E?iia
oiai, ycue aeaao aiciiaeiinoue /aeiaaeo ioaeaaaoue naaa io/ao a
niaea?aeaiee aieueoeinoaa /oanoaaiiuo aia/aoeaiee.

?acieoea a “ycuea” aeeaioiuo e ycuea /aeiaaea ii?aaeaeyao ?acee/ea e a
iuoeaiee. Yoi iauyniyaony oai, /oi eaaeaeay ioaeaeueiay ineoe/aneay
ooieoeey ?acaeaaaony ai acaeiiaeaenoaee n ae?oaeie ooieoeeyie.

Iiiaeie yenia?eiaioaie enneaaeiaaoaeae auei iieacaii, /oi aunoei
aeeaioiui naienoaaiii eeoue i?aeoe/aneia iuoeaiea. Oieueei a i?ioeanna
i?eaioe?iai/iiai iaieioee?iaaiey iaacueyia niiniaia ?ac?aoeoue oo eee
eioth neooaoeaioth caaea/o. Aano?aeoiua niiniau iuoeaiey aua ia
iaaethaeae o iaacueyi ie iaeei enneaaeiaaoaeue.

AEeaioiia iiaeao aeaenoaiaaoue oieueei a i?aaeaeao iaaeyaeii
aini?eieiaaiie neooaoeee, iii ia iiaeao aueoe ca aa i?aaeaeu,
aano?aae?iaaoueny io iaa. AEeaioiia – ?aa iaiin?aaenoaaiii
aini?eieiaaiie neooaoeee.

Iiaaaeaiea /aeiaaea oa?aeoa?ecoaony niiniaiinoueth aano?aae?iaaoueny io
aeaiiie eiie?aoiie neooaoeee e i?aaeainoeuaoue iineaaenoaey, eioi?ua
iiaoo aicieeiooue a nayce n yoie neooaoeeae.

Oaeei ia?acii, eiie?aoiia, i?aeoe/aneia iuoeaiea aeeaioiuo iiae/eiyao eo
iaiin?aaenoaaiiiio aia/aoeaieth io aeaiiie neooaoeee, niiniaiinoue
/aeiaaea e aano?aeoiiio iuoeaieth ono?aiyao aai iaiin?aaenoaaiioth
caaeneiinoue io aeaiiie neooaoeee. *aeiaae niiniaai io?aaeaoue ia
oieueei iaiin?aaenoaaiiua aicaeaenoaey n?aaeu, ii e oa, eioi?ua aai
iaeeaeatho. *aeiaae niiniaai iinooiaoue niioaaonoaaiii iiciaiiie
iaiaoiaeeiinoe – niciaoaeueii. Yoi nouanoaaiiia ioee/ea ineoeee
/aeiaaea io ineoeee aeeaioiiai.

?acaeoea ?a/e e aano?aeoiiai iuoeaiey ia iniiaa aoi?ie neaiaeueiie
nenoaiu anoue oi ea/anoaaiii iiaia, /oi ioee/aao /aeiaaea io aunoeo
aeeaioiuo. Yoi iicaieyao /aeiaaeo i?aaeaa?eoaeueii iaaeoiuaaoue,
ieaie?iaaoue naie aeaenoaey, niciaoaeueii noaaeoue ia?aae niaie oeaee,
aeinoeaaoue eo, iuneaiii ca?aiaa i?aaenoaaeyy naaa ?acoeueoao. E. Ia?en
aiai?ee : “I/aea eneonnoaii iino?ieee naieo nio iin?aieyao iaeioi?uo
ethaeae a?oeoaeoi?ia, ii naiue ieioie a?oeoaeoi? ioee/aaony io iaeeo/oae
i/aeu oai, /oi ii ca?aiaa i?aaenoaaeyao naaa ?acoeueoao, oi anoue
i?aaeaa?eoaeueii “no?ieo a naiae aieiaa” ”.

A ?acaeoee /oanoa, eae e a ?acaeoee aano?aeoiiai iuoeaiey, caeeth/ai
niinia iaeaieaa aaeaeaaoiiai io?aaeaiey aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Iiyoiio aua
iaeiei, aanueia nouanoaaiiui ?acee/eai iaaeaeo aeeaioiuie e /aeiaaeii
yaeyaony ?acee/ea a /oanoaao. Eiia/ii, e /aeiaae e aunoaa aeeaioiia ia
inoathony aac?acee/iuie e i?ienoiaeyuaio aie?oa. I?aaeiaou e yaeaiey
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe iiaoo aucaaoue o aeeaioiuo e o /aeiaaea ii?aaeaeaiiua
aeaeu ioiioaiey e oiio, /oi aicaeaenoaoao – iieiaeeoaeueiua eee
io?eoeaoaeueiua yiioeee. Iaeiaei oieueei a /aeiaaea iiaeao auoue
caeeth/aia ?acaeoay niiniaiinoue niia?aaeeaaoue ai?a e ?aaeinoue
ae?oaiai /aeiaaea.

Aaaeiaeoea ioee/ey ineoeee /aeiaaea io ineoeee aeeaioiiai caeeth/athony
a oneiaeyo eo ?acaeoey. Anee ia i?ioyaeaiee ?acaeoey aeeaioiiai ie?a
?acaeoea ineoeee oei ii caeiiai aeieiae/aneie yaiethoeee, oi ?acaeoea
nianoaaiii /aeiaa/aneie ineoeee, /aeiaa/aneiai niciaiey iiae/eiyaony
caeiiai iauanoaaiii-enoi?e/aneiai ?acaeoey. Aac onaiaiey iiuoa
/aeiaa/anoaa, aac iauaiey n naaa iiaeiaiuie ia aoaeao ?acaeouo,
nianoaaiii /aeiaa/aneeo /oanoa, ia ?aciaueaony niiniaiinoue e
i?iecaieueiiio aieiaieth e iaiyoe, niiniaiinoue e aano?aeoiiio
iuoeaieth, ia noi?ie?oaony /aeiaa/aneay ee/iinoue. Ia yoii
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho neo/ae ainieoaiey /aeiaa/aneee aeaoae n?aaee
aeeaioiuo. Ana aeaoe-iaoaee i?iyaeyee i?eieoeaiua aeeaioiua ?aaeoeee, e
o ieo iaeuecy auei iaia?oaeeoue oa iniaaiiinoe, eioi?ua ioee/atho
/aeiaaea io aeeaioiiai. A oi a?aiy eae iaeaiueeay iaacueyiea, aieath
neo/ay inoaaoayny iaeia, aac noaaea, ana ?aaii aoaeao i?iyaeyoue naay
eae iaacueyiea, /aeiaae oieueei oiaaea noaiao /aeiaaeii, anee aai
?acaeoea i?ioiaeeo n?aaee ethaeae.

Caeeth/aiea.

Ia?aoiae e /aeiaa/aneiio niciaieth, a iniiaa eioi?iai eaaeeo ia?aoiae e
/aeiaa/aneei oi?iai aeecie, e /aeiaa/aneie, iauanoaaiiie ii naiae
i?e?iaea, o?oaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe, naycai ia oieueei n eciaiaieai
i?eioeeieaeueiiai no?iaiey aeayoaeueiinoe e aicieeiiaaieai iiaie oi?iu
io?aaeaiey aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Ineoeea /aeiaaea ia oieueei
inaiaiaeaeaaony io oao /a?o, eioi?ua iaue anai ?anniio?aiiui iaie
noaaeeyi ineoe/aneiai ?acaeoey aeeaioiuo e ia oieueei i?eia?aoaao
ea/anoaaiii iiaua /a?ou – aeaaiia ninoieo a oii, /oi n ia?aoiaeii e
/aeiaaeo iaiythony e naie caeiiu, oi?aaeythuea ?acaeoeai ineoeee. Anee
ia anai i?ioyaeaiee aeeaioiiai ie?a oaie iaueie caeiiaie, eioi?ui
iiae/eiyeenue caeiiu ?acaeoey ineoeee, auee caeiiu aeieiae/aneie
yaiethoeee, oi n ia?aoiaeii e /aeiaaeo ?acaeoea ineoeee iiae/eiyaony
caeiiai iauanoaaiii-enoi?e/aneiai ?acaeoey.

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u.

“O?anoiiaoey ii ciiineoieiaee e n?aaieoaeueiie ineoieiaee” iiae
?aaeaeoeeae I.I. Iaoeiaie, A.TH. Oaaei?iae/ I 1998 a.,

“O?anoiiaoey ii ineoieiaee” iiae ?aaeaeoeeae A.A. Iao?ianeiai i.,1977 a.

“Ineoieiaey ” A.E. E?ooaoeeee I 1982 a.,

“Yioeeeeiiaaee/aneee neiaa?ue thiiai iaoo?aeenoa” A.A. ?iaiaeeei
I.,1981 a.

“Iauay ineoieiaey ” Iaiia I

1 “O?anoiiaoey ii ineoieiaee” iiae ?aaeaeoeeae A.A. Iao?ianeiai. I.,
I?inaauaiea 1977 a. N – 91

1 “O?anoiiaoey ii ineoieiaee” iiae ?aaeaeoeeae A.A. Iao?ianeiai. I.,
I?inaauaiea 1977 a. N – 96

1 “O?anoiiaoey ii ineoieiaee” iiae ?aaeaeoeeae A.A. Iao?ianeiai. I.,
I?inaauaiea 1977 a. N – 85

1 E?ooaoeeee “Ineoieiaey” I 1982 a., N – 38

“O?anoiiaoey ii ineoieiaee” iiae ?aaeaeoeeae A.A. Iao?ianeiai. I.,
I?inaauaiea 1977 a. N – 102

PAGE 1

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2020