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Психология общения

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Iaaiciiaeii naaa i?aaenoaaeoue ?acaeoea /aeiaaea, naii nouanoaiaaiea
eiaeeaeaea eae ee/iinoe, aai naycue n iauanoaii aia iauaiey n ae?oaeie
ethaeueie. E.Ia?en e O.Yiaaeuen ioia/aee a nayce n yoei :
“…aeaenoaeoaeueiia aeooiaiia aiaaonoai eiaeeaeaea anaoeaei caaeneo io
aiaaonoaa aai aeaenoaeoaeueiuo ioiioaiee…”. Enoi?e/aneee iiuo e
iianaaeiaaiay i?aeoeea naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i oii, /oi iieiay ecieyoeey
/aeiaaea io iauanoaa, ecuyoea aai ec iauaiey n ae?oaeie ethaeueie,
i?eaiaeeo e iieiie oo?aoa /aeiaa/aneie ee/iinoe, aa nioeeaeueiuo ea/anoa
e naienoa.

Iauaiea aeeth/aao a naay ana iiiaiia?acea aeooiaiuo e iaoa?eaeueiuo oi?i
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea e yaeyaony aai ianouiie iio?aaiinoueth. Ie
aeey eiai ia nae?ao, ieoao iieueneee ineoieia A. Iaeea?oaea, /oi
“iaaeee/iinoiua ioiioaiey eiatho aeey ian cia/aiea ia iaiueoaa, /ai
aicaeoo, eioi?ui iu aeuoei”. Iai?aiaeieeiay i?eoyaaoaeueiinoue iauaiey
aeey /aeiaaea oi?ioi au?aaeaia a ecaanoiii auneacuaaiee o?aioeocneiai
ienaoaey A. aea Naio-Yecthia?e : “Aaeeinoaaiiay ianoiyuay ?ineioue – yoi
?ineioue /aeiaa/aneiai iauaiey”. Ii /anoi ee iu caaeoiuaaainy i
iaiaoiaeeiinoe aiaeece?iaaoue i?ioeannu iaoaai iauaiey ?

Eae ecaanoii, iaiaoiaeeiinoue iauaiey iaoneiaeeaaaony a eiia/iii n/aoa
iaiaoiaeeiinoueth niaianoiiai o/anoey ethaeae a i?iecaiaenoaa
iaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa. *oi eanaaony noa?u aeooiaiie aeecie, oi caeanue
oeaio?aeueiia ianoi caieiaao iio?aaiinoue ee/iinoe a i?eia?aoaiee
nioeeaeueiiai iiuoa, a i?eiauaiee e eoeueoo?iui oeaiiinoyi, a iaeaaeaiee
i?eioeeiaie e ii?iaie iiaaaeaiey a iauanoaa e eiie?aoiie nioeeaeueiie
n?aaea, a ana yoi iaaiciiaeii aac eiioaeoia n ae?oaeie ethaeueie.

Eioa?an e i?iaeaia iauaiey ooiaeeo naieie ei?iyie a aeaeaeia i?ioeia.
Iauaiea, i?ioeannu acaeiiaeaenoaey iaaeaeo ethaeueie, eo
acaeiiioiioaiey, oa aii?inu, n eioi?uie noaeeeaaaony /aeiaae, anooiay a
eiioaeo n ae?oaeie ethaeueie, anaaaea i?eaeaeaee e naaa i?enoaeueiia
aieiaiea. Ineoieia e nioeeieia E.N. Eii ieoao, /oi “ethaee iaeciaiii
n/eoatho iiaeeeiioth ae?oaeao ?aaeeie e ?anoeaao aa, eae i?aaeei,
ioiinyo e i?ioeiio”. Yoa naiaai ?iaea oinea ii ianoiyuae ae?oaeaa, ii
ene?aiiinoe iauaiey a i?ioeii yaeyaony i?aoaaee/aiiie. Aaaeue a iaoa
a?aiy iiaeii iaaethaeaoue iiiaeanoai i?iyaeaiee iiaeeeiiie ae?oaeau
ethaeae, eo ene?aiiinoe e naiiiiaea?oaiaaiey. ss?eei i?eia?ii iiaoo
neoaeeoue i?iyaeaiey ae?oaeau a oyaeaeua aiaeu Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie
aieiu. Ii e nae/an o?oaeii naaa i?aaenoaaeoue /aeiaaea, ia
eniuouaathuaai ae?oaeaneeo /oanoa e aeeceei ethaeyi, e oiaa?euai ii
i?ioannee, ii iauei neeiiiinoyi, eioa?anai, ono?aieaieyi.

Iiaeao iieacaoueny, /oi n iiiyoeai iauaiey, oi?ioi ecaanoiui eaaeaeiio,
iniauo i?iaeai ia aicieeaao. A?iaea au ana i?ae?anii ciatho, /oi oaeia
iauaiea. N yoei neiaii naycuaathony i?eau/iua i?aaenoaaeaiey i eiioaeoao
e ioiioaieyo ethaeae ae?oa n ae?oaii, i ano?a/ao n ae?ocueyie e
iaciaeiiuie ethaeueie, i ee/iuo acaeiiioiioaieyo, aicieeathueo ia ii/aa
i?ioanneiiaeueiuo, ethaeoaeueneeo, oai?/aneeo e eiuo iaueo eioa?ania.

Yeaiaioa?iay ooieoeey iauaiey – aeinoeaeaiea acaeiiioiioaiey, i?e/ai
aeey ia/aea – ia naiii aiaoiai, i?aaeaa?eoaeueiii, oi?iaeueiii o?iaia.
Eacaeinue au, /oi iiaeao auoue i?iua ! Oeuaea, ?oeiiiaeaoea,
iaeia?eoaeueiue eeaie, i?eaaonoaaiiue aeano… Ii oaea ia yoii
i?inoaeoai o?iaia aiciiaeiu naiua iai?aaeaeaeaiiua e aeinaaeiua
iaaei?acoiaiey. ?onneea, aiaee/aia, aia?eeaioeu a ea/anoaa
i?eaaonoaaiiiai aeanoa iieuecothony ?oeiiiaeaoeai. Eaieaiaeoeu o?oony
iinaie. Naiiaioeu iaithoeaatho ae?oa ae?oaa. Eaoeiiaia?eeaioeu
iaieiathony, o?aioeocu oeaeotho ae?oa ae?oaa a uaeo.

Anooiay a eiioaeou n ae?oaeie ethaeueie, iu aeaeaei ia anaaaea niciaai,
/oi iieuecoainy i?e yoii ciaeaie – aaeeieoeaie oneiaiiai eiaea, ycuea,
aeioaaeoaai aei ian ec aeoaieeo aaeia, eiiioieeaoeaiiai i?oaeey,
ouny/aeaoeyie nicaeaaaaoaainy ia?iiiuie oai?/aneeie eieeaeoeaaie –
ia?iaeaie e ?anaie. Yeaiaioa?iua ycuee, iiaeiaiua ycueo i?eaaonoaaiiuo
aeanoia, aa?uee?othony ia oieueei io iaeiie iaoeeiiaeueiie eoeueoo?u e
ae?oaie, ii e aioo?e naiie iaoeeiiaeueiie eoeueoo?u io iaeiie
i?ioanneiiaeueiie, nineiaiie eee iieiaic?anoiie a?oiiu e ae?oaie e
aeaaea io naiuee e naiuea. Ionthaea ynii, ianeieueei oieaa?naeai yoio
enoi/iee acaeiiiai iiieiaiey eee, iai?ioea, iaiiieiaiey ethaeae.

Ii anee oae ianoieo aeaei a noa?a naiuo yeaiaioa?iuo eiiioieeaoeaiuo
iaaueia, oi ianeieueei aea aaeeea aiciiaeiinoue acaeiiiai iaiiieiaiey ,
oayuayny a niuneiaii ieaia /aeiaa/aneiai iauaiey , aeeth/athuai a naay
aaiio neiaeiuo ineoieiae/aneeo , i?aanoaaiiuo , eoeueoo?iuo e eaeaeiuo
iioeaia, nieaa iuneae, iano?iaiee e /oanoa , eioi?uie iaeei /aeiaae
iaiaieaaaony a i?ioeanna iauaiey n ae?oaeie!

“N?aaee ia?aciaaiiuo e oiiuo ethaeae ,-ieoao oaaeoea?neee ienaoaeue A.
Aanna, – nieioue e ?yaeii neo/aaony , /oi eaaeaeue aini?eieiaao neeaae
oia e ycue, aeiaiaoeeo e aa?iaaiey ae?oaiai eae /enoi noauaeoeaiia, eae
anaai eeoue i?eaeeaeaiea, anaai eeoue oneieuecathuoth ia?aaieo. Ii /oiau
eaaeaeue iiciae oi aea naiia e a naaa naiii e e naaa naiiio i?eeiaeee ,
e eaaeaeue eae ca niaie, oae e ca i?ioeaieeii inoaaee i?aai ia oieueei
aio i?enouea, nianoaaiiua, aeooaaiue neeaae, ia?ac iuoeaiey e ycue e
/oi. noaei auoue, aeaia ethaeae, iaiaieaaynue iuneyie, iinoiyiii
ioaeaaaee au naaa io/ao i iaiaaeaaeiinoe naiaai i?oaeey. iiiaicia/iinoe
anao neia, iaaeinoeaeeiinoe aeaenoaeoaeueii oi/iiai au?aaeaiey, a
iiyoiio e iaiaoiaeeiinoe any/anee eaeoe ae?oaiio iaano?a/o. iaithaeiie
aeia?ie aiee e eioaeeaeooaeueiiai ?uoea?noaa – oaeea i?ae?aniua,
eacaeinue au , naii niaie ?acoiathueany iaaeaeo aeaoiy iuneyueie
nouanoaaie ioiioaiey i?aeoe/anee ano?a/athony aei oiai ?aaeei , /oi iu
io aeooe ?aaeu anyeiio , aeaaea ioaeaeaiiiio eo iiaeiaeth…”

Nthaea iiaeii aeiaaaeoue neiaeiia ia?aieaoaiea iaoa?eaeueii –
yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaee ,aiana ia aac?acee/iuo e niaea?aeaieth iauaiey e
aai nioeeaeueii -ineoieiae/aneie oi?ia, oneiaee , eioi?ua
ii?aaeaeythony a naith i/a?aaeue oa?aeoa?ii o?oaea, oi?iaie niaianoiie
aeayoaeueiinoe ethaeae.

Iio?aaiinoe nia?aiaiiiai iauanoaa , aai aeooiaiie e iaoa?eaeueiie noa?
aeaeatho i?iaeaio iauaiey /?acau/aeii aeooaeueiie. aac niioaaonoaothuaai
?acaeoey oi?i iauaiey i?aeoe/anee iaaiciiaeiu oaeea iaeanoe /aeiaa/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe, eae ainieoaiea , ia?aciaaiea . cae?aaiio?aiaiey , iaoea
, eneonnoai, iieeoeea , eaeaieiaey e ae?. A nayce n yoei auaeaeaaaony
caaea/a nenoaiaoecaoeee e iaeiieaiey aeiaa?aiiuo ciaiee ii aii?inai
iauaiey , i?iaiice?iaaiey iio?aaiinoe ethaeae a iiauo aai aeaeao i?e
nio?aiaiee e cae?aieaiee o?aaeeoeeiiiuo oi?i nioeeaeueiie eiiioieeaoeee
. Nia?aiaiiuo enneaaeiaaoaeae ana aieaa eioa?anotho iaoaieciu
i?aeoe/aneie ?aaeecaoeee iio?aaiinoe ethaeae a iauaiee a ?acee/iuo
oneiaeyo eo aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe.

A ecaanoiie iiaanoe I. A. Aiaiey ioia/aaony ,/oi acaeiiioiioaiey Eaaia
Eaaiiae/a e Eaaia Ieeeoi?iae/a ioee/aeenue “aieueoie i?eyciueth ” e
“?aaeeie ae?oaeaie”. Ii naeaeaoaeuenoao iaeiie ec ia?niiaaeae iiaanoe,
eo “nai /a?o i?eaycae aa?aai/eie. Eoaea iaeei , ooaea e ae?oaie
ieaoaony”

Ianiio?y ia ?acee/ey e oa?aeoa? e ai aiaoiai iaeeea , iiiaieaoiyy .
i?iaa?aiiay ae?oaeaa aeaoo i?eyoaeae ie/ai ia ii?a/aeanue . Yoiio
niinianoaiaaee iaeeiaeiaue ia?ac aeecie , iieiaeaiey, eioa?anu e noeeue
iuoeaiey yoeo ethaeae. I?iaaaeaiiue I. A. Aiaieai oiieee
ineoieiae/aneee n?ac ia?ooaiey acaeiiioiioaiee ae?oaeaneiai iauaiey
iieacuaaao , /oi a iniiaa eiioeeeoa eaaeeo ia naia ii naaa nni?a
ae?ocae, aea e ia inei?aeaiey Eaaia Eaaiiae/a, eioi?iai iaicaaee
“aonaeii” , a iaiiieiaiea yoeie ethaeueie iiaeeeiiuo iioeaia e iniia
i?aaeiaai ae?oaeaneiai iauaiey, i?eieoeaiue acaeyae ia /aeiaa/aneea
ioiioaiey a oeaeii. Yoio i?eieoeaeci i?eaae e iiiaieaoiae oyaeaeie
oyaeaa e iicaieee ae?oaei eeoeai ( a /anoiinoe Aaaouea Oaaeinaaaia –
i?eyoaeueieoea Eaaia Ieeeoi?iae/a ) aua aieueoa onoaoaeoue ?ac?ua. E ana
aea a enoiea eiioeeeoa caeiaeaii inei?aeoaeueiia neiai “aonae”.

Eaeiaa aea enoiaeiay oi/ea ethaiai iauaiey, ?iaeaeathuaai
acaeiiiiieiaiey eee , iai?ioea, iaiiieiaiea, iai?eyoea? Iiaeao auoue,
yoi – ano?a/a, ?oeiiiaeaoea, i?eaaonoaea, ciaeiinoai? I?eoae /aeiaae a
iiaue aeey aai eieeaeoea – ana e ia/aei aai iauaiey n yoei eieeaeoeaii
. Ana a?iaea au ynii. *oiau anooieoue a iauaiea, ethaeyi iaaei aeey
ia/aea oaeaeaoue ae?oa ae?oaa, ano?aoeoueny. Eae aea eia/a ?

Aeaei, iaeiaei, a oii, /oi oeiaeoue ia?ae/iue eiioaeo ia oae-oi i?inoi,
a iiae/an, auoue iiaeao , e aiana iaaiciiaeii. E iiiaioo i?eoiaea a
iiaue eieeaeoea y iiao auoue a ii?aaeaeaiiii niunea ianeuoai i iieo
aoaeoueo ia?oia?ao ii iauaieth. Ia ciay eo, y oaea ciay eia-/oi i ieo ,
e i?eoii ia/oi aanueia nouanoaaiiia: y ciath a iaueo /a?oao ia eo
eioa?anao , aiciiaeiuo ae?oaeaneeo /oanoaao e ae?., a oae aea oi , /oi a
i?ioeanna iauaiey iie iieuecothony a oeaeii oaie aea i?eaiaie , /oi e y.
Nianoaaiii aiai?y, y oaea aioia ioaa/aoue ii?aaeaeaiiui ia?acii ia eo
oeuaee, neiaa, i?eaaonoaey, ia eo eco/athuea acaeyaeu, aii?inu,
?oeiiiaeaoey e aeaaea i?ie?o/eaath aanue yoio i?ioeann a ?aciuo
aa?eaioao a naiai aiia?aaeaiee. e oae, niaanaaeieea iao , a iauaiea n
iei oaea ia/aeinue . iii ia/aeinue aeaaiaea?y oiio, /oi aua aei iaoae
ano?a/e o ian anoue iauay ii/aa aeey iauaiey, ianoaeaeaiey eioa?anothueo
ian aii?inia, iaiaia iiaieyie e ae?. Yoi – eiathueeny a iaoai
?anii?yaeaiee oaeie a?naiae n?aaenoa iauaiey, eae ycue, a oi/iaa , ycuee
. eai eaaeaeue ec ian e?iia neiaaniiai (aa?aaeueiiai) ycuea aeaaeaao
aua ycueaie aeanoia, ieieee, iic – ei?i/a aiai?y , au?aceoaeueiuo
aeaeaeaiee.

O ethaeae, oieueei niae?athueony anooieoue a iauaiea ae?oa n ae?oaii,
eiaaony eiie?aoiia iniiaaiea aeey “iia?aaeathuae eiiioieeaoeee”. Yoi
ioiineony ia e ycueiaie iauiinoe, a e ii?iaoeaii-oeaiiinoiie nenoaia
oiai iauanoaa, a eioi?ii i?ioaeaao eo aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoue.
I?aaeainoeuay ii?iu, eioi?uo i?eaea?aeeaaaony a naiai iiaaaeaiee iie
aoaeouee niaanaaeiee, oeaiiinoe, eioi?ui ii iiae/eiyao naie aeeciaiiua
oeaee e caaea/e, y iuneaiii i?iaiice?oth iai?aaeaiea, eioi?ia iiaeao
i?eiyoue iie n iei aeeaeia. A yoi iao?oaeii naeaeaoue (a ia?aii
i?eaeeaeaiee, eiia/ii), eiaaea iia ecaanoii, eoi iie niaanaaeiee
(i?ioanney, aic?ano, eioa?anu), o.a. eaeea nioeeaeueiua ?iee ii
eniieiyao. Aieaa oiai, yoiai iaeuecy ia naeaeaoue, eai, eae oieueei iia
niiauatho /ueth-eeai nioeeaeueioth ?ieue, o iaiy a aieiaa ooo aea
anieuaatho annioeee?iaaiiua n yoie ?ieueth ii?iu iiaaaeaiey e
oeaiiinoiua i?eaioaoeee. Io o/eoaey, e i?eia?o, aeaeoo iio/aiee. Aua ia
aoaeo/e ciaeiiu n /aeiaaeii, aei ano?a/e n iei, anee oieueei iai
ecaanoiu aai aeieaeiinoue, i?ioanney, iie, ia?aciaaiea e o. ae. – a
iauai, ana oi, /oi ia?acoao nenoaio nioeeaeueiuo ?ieae, eniieiyaiuo
aeaiiui /aeiaaeii a aeaiiii iauanoaa, iu anaaaea iaeeaeaai io iaai
eaeeo-oi aeaenoaee, iinooieia, /a?o oa?aeoa?a. Yoe iaeeaeaiey iiaoo
ii?aaaeuaaoueny, niaiaaeaoue n ?aaeueiinoueth, a iiaoo e ia eiaoue n iae
ie/aai iauaai, aeaaea i?eaiaeeoue e ino?ui e iiae/an ia?ac?aoeiui
eiioeeeoai. A ethaii neo/aa nioeeaeueiua iaeeaeaiey iia?aaeatho
?aaeueiue eiioaeo iaaeaeo ethaeueie, aunooiay a aeaea nenoaiu naiaai
?iaea i?aaeiinueie iauaiey. Oi?ie?oynue iiia/aeo ia aaca ii?aaeaeaiiiai
iaai?a ii?i e oeaiiinoae, ninoaaeythueo niaea?aeaiea oie eee eiie
nioeeaeueiie ?iee, iie eiie?aoece?othony ii ia?a oaeoaeaiey ciaeiinoaa n
?aaeueiui /aeiaaeii, noaiiaynue iaeeaeaieai ioiineoaeueii aai
iiaaaeaiey, aeaenoaee, iinooieia, iiaiee e aeaeaiee. O eaaeaeiai ec ian
eiathony naiaia?aciua eiiieaenu iaeeaeaiee ioiineoaeueii oao ethaeae, n
eai iu aieaa eee iaiaa ?aaoey?ii iauaainy eee aeaaea n eai iu i?inoi
ciaeiiu.

Aa?iainy e Eaaio Eaaiiae/o e Eaaio Ieeeoi?iae/o. Eo iaeeaeaiey ii
ioiioaieth ae?oa e ae?oao auee aeinoaoi/ii yniu e ecaanoiu. Eiioeeeo
aiciee a oio iiiaio, eiaaea “o?aaiaaiey” ieacaeenue iaaaeaeaaoiu
“iaeeaeaieyi”. Eaai Ieeeoi?iae/ ieeae ia iaeeaeae noieue ?aceie ?aaeoeee
ia i?icaeua “aonae”, oiio?aaeaiiia ei ii ioiioaieth e Eaaio Eaaiiae/o, a
aeaeueiaeoea iaaeaaii?eyoiua ianoiyoaeuenoaa onoaoaeee iaiiieiaiea e
ieii/aoaeueiue ?ac?ua.

Ia?aoeiny e iaoae iianaaeiaaiie aeecie. Anee aaoe o?aaiaaiey-iaeeaeaiey
ii ioiioaieth e ae?oaiio /aeiaaeo ia ii?aaaeaeenue (oioy au oaa?aiu a
i?aaioa naieo i?eoycaiee, a eo iauaeoeaiie ni?aaaaeeeainoe), au iau/ii
aeaeaaoa iiiuoeo eciaieoue /oi-oi a ae?oaii /aeiaaea, naeaeaoue aai
iiaaaeaiea ii ioiioaieth e aai aieaa i?aaeeueiui, i?eaieaiui,
?aoeeiiaeueiui. Ii iiaieth ineoieiaia, a i?ioeanna iauaiey iiaeao
aicieeiooue aeeciaiiay neooaoeey, eioi?ay niiniaia aucaaoue na?ueaciua
eciaiaiey ai acaeyaeao, iiaaaeaiee, ioiioaiee e ie?o, niiniaa iuoeaiey,
eioa?anao ethaeae. Eaeiau aea i?e/eiu aicieeiiaaiey oaeiai oceiaiai
iiiaioa, oaeie neooaoeee, i?e eioi?ie i?ienoiaeeo ?aceay “ia?aioeaiea
oeaiiinoae” ? I?e/eiie iiaeao noaoue aeaeaiea iaeiiai /aeiaaea eciaieoue
iiaaaeaiea e niinia iuoeaiey ae?oaiai a noi?iio ii?aaeaeaiiiai
iiaaaeaiey, aeaenoaey, acaeiiiiieiaiey, eioaeeaeooaeecaoeee iauaiey e
ae?. Oaeei /aeiaaeii iiaeao auoue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue o?oaeiaiai eieeaeoeaa,
o/eoaeue, o?aia?, a?a/ e o.ae.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue o?oaeiaiai eieeaeoeaa, iai?eia?, no?aieony au?aaioaoue o
iiae/eiaiiuo aieaa iiceoeaiia ioiioaiea e o?oaeo, auiieiyaiui eie
ooieoeeyi, i?eaeoue ei /oanoai ioaaonoaaiiinoe. N yoie oeaeueth ii
oneeeaaao aeenoeeieeia?iia aicaeaenoaea, eniieuecoao aeanoeea iaoiaeu
?oeiaiaenoaa e oi?aaeaiey. A iniiaa aai aeaenoaee eaaeeo i?aaeiee iiuo
eae aai naiiai, oae e aai auaoaai ia/aeueieea, ioee/aaoaainy a naia
a?aiy aeinoaoi/ii e?ooui i?aaii. Iaeiaei ieacuaaaony, /oi oaeie noeeue
?oeiaiaenoaa ia i?eiineo oniaoa; aieaa oiai, ii iiaeao aucaaoue
iie/aeeaoth iiiiceoeeth, a oi e nii?ioeaeaiea a eieeaeoeaa. Eacaeinue,
auei au eiae/ii, anee au ?oeiaiaeeoaeue, ii/oanoaiaaa neooaoeeth,
eciaiee oa?aeoa? iauaiey n iiae/eiaiiuie. Iaeiaei, e niaeaeaieth, a
oaeeo neo/ayo i/aiue /anoi i?eno?anoea e oaea neiaeeaoaiony niiniao
iiaaaeaiey ieacuaaaony neeueiaa eiaeee.

Oi aea naiia iaaethaeaaony e a aeeoaeneeo neooaoeeyo. Iai?eia?, ioaoe
oi/ao iao/eoue nuia ieaaaoue. Ii aniiieiaao, eae o/eee aai naiiai, e
n/eoaao aaeeinoaaiii i?aaeeueiui e yooaeoeaiui niinia “n?aco a?ineoue
?aaaiea a aeoaieia ianoi”. Ii yooaeo iieo/aaony ia?aoiui: iaeue/ee
ia/eiaao aua aieueoa aiyoueny aiaeu, o iaai aicieeaao ioa?auaiea e
ieaaaieth.

Ieii/aoaeueiue auaiae /aeiaaea (?oeiaiaeeoaey, iooea) a oaeie neooaoeee
auaeyaeeo iau/ii neaaeothuei ia?acii: “Niiniau auee oi?ioeie, ii aio
iauaeo aicaeaenoaey (eieeaeoea, iaeue/ee) ieeoaea ia aiaeeeny, iiyoiio
ie/aai ia oaeaeinue naeaeaoue; aio anee au ia ianoa yoiai iauaeoa aue
ae?oaie …” e o. ae.

Anee ?oeiaiaeeoaeue au?aaioae ii ioiioaieth e iiae/eiaiiiio
“ia?niiaeueiue” noeeue iauaiey ia iniiaa “noa?aioeia aeaaeaiey”, oi
i/aiue /anoi ia oieueei ia aeinoeaaaony aeaeaaiue ?acoeueoao, ii e
iiyaeyaony ?acoeueoao ia?aoiue. Iiae/eiaiiue oa?yao ai?o a nianoaaiiua
neeu, iiaeaaeyao a naaa iaeaeoea i?iyaeaiey oai?/anoaa e eieoeeaoeau, o
iaai i?iyaeyaony /oanoai nianoaaiiie iaiieiioeaiiinoe. Eae aeaeei.
iiiuoee iaeiiai /aeiaaea, aicaeaenoaoy ii?aaeaeaiiui niiniaii ia
ae?oaiai, aucaaoue iiceoeaiua, n aai oi/ee c?aiee, eciaiaiey a ae?oaii,
iiaoo i?eianoe e ?acaeoeth io?eoeaoaeueiuo ea/anoa o iauaeoa
aicaeaenoaey.

Ionthaea iiaeii naeaeaoue aeinoaoi/ii i?inoie, ii i?aeoe/anee i/aiue
cia/eiue auaiae i oii, /oi anee iu oioei aicaeaenoaiaaoue ia ae?oaiai
/aeiaaea (i?aaeuyaeyai aio ii?aaeaeaiiua o?aaiaaiey), oi ia/eiaoue yoi
aicaeaenoaea neaaeoao ia n auai?a oao eee eiuo aai niiniaia, a n naiiai
naay. Eae aa?ii ioia/aao iieueneee ineoieia E. Iaeea?oaea, “anee eoi-oi
no?aieony oniaa?oainoaiaaoue aiciiaeiinoe aicaeaenoaey ia ae?oaeo
ethaeae, ii aeieaeai i?aaeaea anaai ia/aoue n naiiiiciaiey, a ia n
iienea iaeie eaaeie e yooaeoeaiie oaoieee aicaeaenoaey”.

Oioy e ia nouanoaoao oaeeo /oaeiaeaenoaaiiuo iaoiaeia aicaeaenoaey ia
ae?oaeo ethaeae, eioi?ua iiaeoiaeeee au aeey ethaiai neo/ay e iiaee
aa?aioe?iaaoue oniao, eiaaony ?yae ineoieiae/aneeo e iaaeaaiae/aneeo
i?eioeeiia, eioi?uo iiaeii i?eaea?aeeaaoueny.

Iai?eia?, i?e ineoieiae/aneie ?aoeaenee, o.a. acaeiiii ?aaae?iaaiee e
aini?eyoee, /aeiaae, iuoathueeny eciaieoue iiaaaeaiea ae?oaiai, anaaaea
aeieaeai iiiieoue, /oi iauaeo ?aaae?oao ia oieueei ia iaoiaeu e niiniau,
ii e ia iaai naiiai eae ia ee/iinoue. Anoue ecaanoiia auneacuaaiea, /oi
“ainieoaoaeue nai aeieaeai auoue, ainieoai”. Caeanue aea iiaeii
iaiiiieoue i a?iiaaeiie neea ee/iiai i?eia?a.

Aeey yooaeoeaiiai aicaeaenoaey ia ae?oaiai /aeiaaea aaaeii e oiaoue
eniieueciaaoue aai iieiaeeoaeueiua /a?ou, oiaoue eciaiyoueny naiiio,
iinoiyiii iaiaauaoue a?naiae iaoiaeia naiaai aicaeaenoaey ia ae?oaeo.
i?e aeeeoaeueiii i?ioanneiiaeueiii aicaeaenoaee ia ae?oaeo n oeaeueth eo
eciaiaiey /aeiaae (o/eoaeue, ?oeiaiaeeoaeue, a?a/ e ae?.) anaaaea
aeieaeai iiiieoue, /oi ie aai iaoiaeu e niiniau aicaeaenoaey, ie ii nai
ia iiaoo inoaaaoueny iaeciaiiuie.

O?aaiaaiey, iaeeaeaiey ai iiiaii caaenyo io ecia/aeueiuo iiiaioia
iauaiey – ycuea e ?a/e.

Iaiaoeeee ienaoaeue O. Iaii a iaeiii ec ienai oaaeoea?neiio eeoa?aoi?o e
iaaeaaiao 0. Aacea?o ?anneacuaaao neaaeothuoth enoi?eth: “Iaeaiueeiai
Ii?eoea ni?aoeaatho a oeiea, eoi iaienae “?acaieieeia”. “Ainiiaeei
o/eoaeue,— ia y”. Ca yoi aai iaeacuaatho. A iioii e o/eoaeth i?eoiaeeo
noa?ue Ii?eoe e aiai?eo: “Ainiiaeei o/eoaeue, o iiaai Ii?eoeoaia iiiai
iaaeinoaoeia, ii ii ieeiaaea ia a?ao. Anee ii aiai?eo, /oi ia ii iaienae
“?acaieieeia”, cia/eo, ia ii. E a eiioea eiioeia, ainiiaeei o/eoaeue:
aeaaea anee au ii e iaienae “?acaieieeia”,— ii aea aua ?aaaiie”.
Iiaeiaiue aeeaeia iaaieueii aucuaaao oeuaeo /eoaoaey. ?iaeeoaeue thiiai
Ii?eoea ia ciaao, /oi “?acaieieee” — yoi i?iecaaaeaiea ciaiaieoiai
iaiaoeeiai iiyoa e ae?aiaoo?aa O. Oeeea?a. Ii oiieee thii? O. Iaiia
neiioeaio?e?iaai ia ia yoii, a ia ni/aoaiee acaeiiiai iaiiieiaiey: nui,
a ca iei e ioaoe iaaa?ii enoieeiaaee ia?auaiiua e iei ni noi?iiu o/eoaey
iaeeaeaiey (yeniaeoaoeee). Iiieiaoue ae?oa ae?oaa — cia/eo ia
oieueei i?aaeeueii aini?eieiaoue neiaa e aeanou, ii e aa?ii
enoieeiauaaoue nioeeaeueiua yeniaeoaoeee — o?aaiaaiey, iaeeaeaiey, n
eioi?uie ia?oia?u ii iauaieth ano?a/atho ae?oa ae?oaa. Aieaa oiai, /oiau
aa?ii iiiyoue neacaiiia, iaaei i?aaeaea anaai i?aaeeueii oeiaeoue
iaia?aiea aiai?yuaai. Nioeeaeueiua yeniaeoaoeee ea?atho a iianaaeiaaiie
aeecie /aeiaaea a?iiaaeioth ?ieue, e oi, /oi aeey ian, eae i?aaeei, yoa
?ieue inoaaony “ca eaae?ii”, aiai?eo eae ?ac i iaiaoiaeeiinoe ia?aoeoue
iniaia aieiaiea ia yoio eiiiiiaio iaoae ineoeee e eoeueoo?u. A
nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneie eeoa?aoo?a ?anniao?eaaaony oaeay neooaoeey.
Iaeue/ee auaaaaao ai aeai? ea?aoue n oiaa?euaie e e?e/eo: “Eoi naaiaeiy
aoaeao iiei eiiai?” Ae?oaie aea iaeue/ee, auaaaay ec aeiia, e?e/eo:
“*ueei eiiai y naaiaeiy aoaeo?” Aeaiiay neooaoeey iieacuaaao, /oi n?aaee
naa?noieeia neiaeeeenue ii?aaeaeaiiua “?ieaaua iaeeaeaiey”, oi anoue eo
iauaiea iniiaaii ia aeinoaoi/ii onoie/eauo i?aaenoaaeaieyo i
aiciiaeiinoyo, niiniaiinoyo e eioa?anao ae?oa ae?oaa. Eaaeaeue ec aeaoae
ea?aao ii?aaeaeaiioth “?ieue” e iaeeaeaao io naieo oiaa?euae
ii?aaeaeaiiuo aeaenoaee, ea/anoa e iinooieia. Eaaeaeue inicia?o oaeaea,
/oi oiaa?eue ciatho i aai nianoaaiiuo ea/anoaao e niiniaiinoyo. Ana yoe
i?aaenoaaeaiey ae?oa i ae?oaa neeaaeuaathony ia iniiaa iiuoa iauaiey,
iie ii?aaeaeytho iaeeaeaiey, eioi?ua a aeaiiii neo/aa i?iyaeythony a
i?ioeanna ea?u. Ia?aaeei ano?a/aaony e neooaoeey, eiaaea ia?oia?u,
iinoiyiii iauaynue ae?oa n ae?oaii, ia aini?eieiatho eioi?iaoeeth ae?oa
i ae?oaa e i nianoaaiiuo ee/iinoiuo ea/anoaao, i?eau/eao, neeiiiinoyo,
eioa?anao. Yoi iiaeao ia iniciaaaoueny eie aei eiioea, eai auaeaeiooia
ia ia?aue ieai iai?eyoea caneiiyao ana inoaeueiia, a oii /enea
iiceoeaiua /a?ou oa?aeoa?a ia?oia?a. A nayce n yoei i?eaaaeai
neaaeothuee i?eia? ec eieae oaea oiiieiaaoaainy iieueneiai o/aiiai
A.Iaeea?oaeu “ss – ou – iu”: “Yoi ia?a, a eioi?ie Iia ia iiaeao
aioo?aiia nie?eoueny n oaeoii, /oi Ii ia yaeyaony aunieei e oi?ioi
neiaeaiiui a?thiaoii, niiniaiui ni?aaeoueny n ethaie neooaoeeae. Ii a
naith i/a?aaeue ia iiaeao ?annoaoueny n ia/oie i o?oieie, iaaeiie
aeiiaeeiea, eioi?ay o?iaaoaeueii caaioeeanue au i iai, iiaeaea?aeeaaea
au aai a o?oaeiua aeie. Ie Ii, ie Iia ia i?eieiatho ae?oa ae?oaa oaeeie,
eaeea iie anoue, iiyoiio iaa auioaeaeaiu ea?aoue ?iee nianai ae?oaeo
ethaeae. Anee oaeay neooaoeey caoyaeaaaony, iia noaiiaeony io/eoaeueiie.
Ia?oia?u ana /aua ia/eiatho nni?eoueny, eae i?aaeei ec-ca ionoyeia,
auneacuaatho ae?oa ae?oao acaeiiua i?aoaicee, iniiaiui niaea?aeaieai
eioi?uo yaeyaony: “Ou ia oaeie (ia oaeay), eaeei (eaeie) y oioaea au
(oioae au) oaay aeaeaoue”. Eaeie auaiae iiaeii naeaeaoue ec aiaeeca yoie
neooaoeee? Ia?aaeeciaaiiinoue iaeeaeaiee ia?oia?ia (noi?oaia),
iaaethaeaaiay a aeaiiii neo/aa, ia aicieeea aae?oa. Noi?oae yoi
/oanoaiaaee e aei oiai, eae anooieee a a?ae. Iaeiaei, ii anae
aeaeeiinoe, auee ae?oaea iioeau (eioa?anu), naeeceaoea aeaoo ethaeae,
iiaeao auoue, ia?eaioeeueiua, iaoa?eaeueiua eioa?anu, aeeyiea
?iaeeoaeae, niaaou aeeceeo e o. ae. Aaaeue eiiaaea ia?aia aia/aoeaiea
eaaeaony iai ioeai/iui, iu noaiiaeiny naiie?eoe/iuie, aioo?aiia naay
ia?aoaaaeaeaai, /oi, iie, ea/anoaa ia?oia?a ia neeoeii oae
io?eoeaoaeueiua, /oi eo/oaai-oi a iauai e iao, aiiaua ana ia?acoaony e
anoaiao ia naie ianoa. Ii a aeecie aeaeaei ia anaaaea ana ia?acoaony,
aieaa oiai, ia?aaeei ana oneiaeiyaony, iaino?yaony. Aeaenoaeoaeueii, a
iniiaa iiiaeo o?oaeiinoae e ?aci/a?iaaiee, aicieeathueo o aeeceeo
ethaeae, aeoaiei . yiioeeiiaeueii naycaiiuo ae?oa n ae?oaii, ia?aaeei
eaaeeo eo no?aieaiea iiaeiaiaoue naie acaeiiioiioaiey iiae /oaeea e
aiaoia onaiaiiua ia?acoeu iiaaaeaiey. Eiia/ii, yoi aiana ia icia/aao,
/oi iaaei i?aiaa?aaaoue iiuoii ae?oaeo ethaeae,— ii iiaeao ieacaoueny
i/aiue oeaiiui e iiii/ue ia iiaoi?youe ioeaie. Iaeiaei no?aieaiea e
eaeaaeo (iniaaiii eeoa?aoo?iiio aa?ith, iiaeaee ethaae e ae?oaeau a eeii
e o. ae.) cao?oaeiyao nianoaaiioth naiiioeaieo, ioeaieo ?aaeueiinoe
naieo nee e aiciiaeiinoae a eiie?aoiie neooaoeee. *aeiaaeo aeaeaei ia
aac?acee/ii, eae ioiinyony e iaio ethaee, ianeieueei ii iiaeao
?ann/eouaaoue ia eo aieiaiea, iiieiaiea, eioa?an e naaa, a a neo/aa
iaiaoiaeeiinoe e ia iiaeaea?aeeo. Ae?oaia aeaei, /oi ii iiaeao i?aa?aoii
enoieeiaaoue eo iaeeaeaiey, ?eneoy i?e yoii anooieoue a eiioeeeo ni
naiae iee?in?aaeie, ioi?aaoueny io iaa.

Oi?iu iaaeee/iinoiiai iauaiey ai iiiaii caaenyo io /oanoa, eioi?ua
/aeiaae eniuouaaao ii ioiioaieth e naiei aeeceei, oiaa?euai ii ?aaioa,
iaciaeiiui ethaeyi e o. ae. Ia iniiaa yoeo /oanoa ii au?aaaouaaao
no?aoaaeth iiaaaeaiey e iauaiey, eioi?ay iiaeao niioaaonoaiaaoue eee ia
niioaaonoaiaaoue eioa?anai ee/iinoe, iiiiaaoue eee iaoaoue aeinoeaeaieth
iinoaaeaiiuo ath oeaeae. Aiai?yo aea a iaeoiaea: “Iia /oanoai
iiaeneacuaaei ia aeaeaoue yoiai” eee “ss iinooiee, eae iia iiaeneacaei
/oanoai”. Yoe /oanoaa e iniiauaathony ia yeniaeoaoeeyo – acaeiiuo
iaeeaeaieyo, o?aaiaaieyo, eioi?ua iiaoo neiaeeoueny eae iaaeaeo aeaoiy
eiaeeaeaeaie, oae e iaaeaeo eiaeeaeaeii e a?oiiie.

Iiaeii auaeaeeoue aeaa iniiaiua a?oiiu yeniaeoaoeee. Ai-ia?auo, yoi
aieaa eee iaiaa /aoei noi?ioee?iaaiiua “aeaniua” yeniaeoaoeee,
aiieiuaiiua a ienueiaiiua i?aaeea, eino?oeoeee, oeacaiey e o. i. e
ioiinyueany ii i?aeiouanoao e noa?a i?ioanneiiaeueii aeieaeiinoiuo,
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ioiioaiee.

Ai-aoi?uo, yoi yeniaeoaoeee iaoi?iaeueiua, iniiaaiiua ia iaienaiuo
i?aaeeao, ii?iao, noaiaea?oao iiaaaeaiey, eioi?uo i?eaea?aeeaathony
ii?ie niaa?oaiii iainiciai ii; iie cia/eoaeueii ?aciiia?aciaa e, eae
i?aaeei, ianoo ia naaa ioia/aoie eoeueoo?u, ii?aee /aeiaaea, eieeaeoeaa,
iauanoaa. A iaieo neo/ayo iaeeaeaiey aunooiatho a ea/anoaa noaiaea?oia
ioeaiee e ii?ie?iaaiey eae ni noi?iiu eiaeeaeaea, oae e ni noi?iiu
a?oiiu. Eaaeaeue /aeiaae e caaeneiinoe io o?iaiy ee/iie eoeueoo?u oae
eee eia/a aini?eieiaao o?aaiaaiey, eioi?ua i?aaeuyaeytho e iaio ae?oaea
e eioi?ua ii nai i?aaeuyaeyao e ie?oaeathuei. Ianiaiaaeaiea eee
acaeiieneeth/aiea yeniaeoaoeee aucuaaao eo i?ioeaiai?noai e eae
neaaenoaea – eiioeeeo iaaeaeo ethaeueie eee iaaeaeo ee/iinoueth e
a?oiiie. Yeniaeoaoeee oi?ie?othony e cae?aieythony iooai iiiaie?aoiiai
iiaoi?aiey. Iineieueeo ethaeyi a i?ioeanna iauaiey aiiaue e aiiaue
i?eoiaeeony ?aoaoue ii?aaeaeaiiua, ca/anooth iaeeiaeiaua caaea/e, iie
ia/eiatho Iieaaaoueny ae?oa ia ae?oaa e enoiaeyo a naieo iinooieao ec
iaeeaeaaiiai io /aeiaaea iiaaaeaiey. A iauaeaiiie aeecie iu ca/anooth
aeaeei ethaeae ia oao, ia eiai “iiaeii iieiaeeoueny”, e oao, ia eiai
“iaeuecy iieiaeeoueny”, a a neo/aa niiiaiee e eieaaaiee ioiinei /aeiaaea
e /eneo oao, ia eiai “o?oaeii iieiaeeoueny”. Ec anao /aeiaa/aneeo
?aci/a?iaaiee aaeaa ee ia naiia oyaeeia iaiaiooueny a naieo iaeeaeaieyo
(a naieo “eo/oeo iaeeaeaieyo”, eae eiiaaea aiai?yo), ia iieo/eoue
aeaeaaiiai e iaeeaeaaiiai io oiai, a eii aue oaa?ai.

Ioiioaiey, ia?ooaiiua ec-ca iaiaioouo iaeeaeaiee, iiaoo, eiia/ii, auoue
ainnoaiiaeaiu, ii iiaoo auoue ianoieueei ineiaeiaiu, /oi na?ueacii
eciaiyo anth nenoaio yeniaeoaoeee, o. a. neiaeeaoeony e noaaoeo
i?eau/iuie acaeiiiaeeaeaiee e o?aaiaaiee. Aieueoay i?aeoe/aneay
aaaeiinoue i?iaeaiu acaeiiaeaenoaey ethaeae aucaaea e aeecie
iiiai/eneaiiua yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey
nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneeo iaoaieciia iauaiey. Eco/aeenue, a /anoiinoe,
iaeeaeaiey oeieueieeia e nooaeaioia ioiineoaeueii ?acee/iuo aniaeoia
acaeiiioiioaiee a eieeaeoeaao. Auei onoaiiaeaii, iai?eia?, /oi ieiei 70%
ianeaaeiaaiiuo noa?oeo oeieueieeia eiatho aunieee o?iaaiue i?eoycaiee
ioiineoaeueii caieiaaiiai eie iieiaeaiey a iaoi?iaeueiuo a?oiiao
(oiaa?eue ii aeai?o, ii ethaeoaeueneei caiyoeyi e ae?.) . A oeaeii aeey
anao aic?anoiuo a?oii (e?iia ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia) Iaia?oaeeaaaony
oaiaeaioeey e ia?aioeaiea naiaai iieiaeaiey a a?oiia. Yoi aiai?eo i oii
cia/aiee, eioi?ia eiaao aeey eiaeeaeaea iiaiea iaoi?iaeueiiai
eieeaeoeaa, e ia aai no?aieaiee e iiauoaieth naiaai nianoaaiiiai
noaoona a a?oiia, a oaeaea i iainiciaaaaiii ia?aiina aeaeaaiiai
(iaeeaeaaiiai) ia aeaenoaeoaeueiia. Aiaeec niaiaaeaiey iaeeaeaaiiai n
?aaeueiui iieacae, /oi n aic?anoii “eiyooeoeeaio iniciaiiinoe”
aic?anoaao.

I?e/eia iainiciaaaaiinoe yeniaeoaoeee ei?aieony a onoie/eainoe oao ii?i,
eioi?ui iu iinoiyiii iiae/eiyai naia iiaaaeaiea. I?eau/ea niaethaeaoue,
iai?eia?, ii?iu iauanoaaiiie ii?aee ianoieueei oe?iei aioea a aeeciue,
/oi ia/eiaao iniciaaaoueny iaie oieueei i neo/aa eaeeo-eeai ioeeiiaiee
eee ia?ooaiee. *aeiaae, ia?ooeaoee iauanoaaiiua o?aaiaaiey –
yeniaeoaoeee, eae i?aaeei, iuoaaony ii?aaaeaoueny, aieueoeinoai aea
ethaeae, yeniaeoaoeee eioi?uo iaiaioou, au?aaeatho naia iaaeiaieuenoai,
aiciouaiea. Anee aea ana eaeao ii?iaeueii, oi i ieo ieeoi ia aniiieiaao.
Iie ia?acotho eae au nai niaie ?acoiathueeny oii iaoae iianaaeiaaiie
aeecie e ieacuaathony a iaoai iiea c?aiey eeoue oiaaea, eiaaea aeaaeeia
oa/aiea niauoee a a?oiia, eieeaeoeaa, a ee/iie aeecie iaoaeeeaaaony ia
eaeia-ieaoaeue i?aiyonoaea. Ethaee, o eioi?uo aeecee eoeueoo?iua
eioa?anu e iio?aaiinoe, iauee eoeueoo?iue iiuo, eaaei noiaeyony e
iauaaeeiythony aeey niaianoiie aeayoaeueiinoe. Ae?oaeo aea iie iaoiaeyo
no?aiiuie e iaiiiyoiuie – iau/iay ?aaeoeey ia ethaeae, /uea iiaaaeaiea
i?ioeai?a/eo ii?aaeaeaiiui yeniaeoaoeeyi, eioi?ua, eae ecaanoii,
iaoiaeyony a i?yiie caaeneiinoe io o?iaiy eoeueoo?u.

Oae, /eaiu nooaeai/aneeo a?oii, anooiathuea a ae?oaeaneea ioiioaiey,
oaeaeytho eoeueoo?ii-ynoaoe/aneie noi?iia aeecie (oaao?o,
eeethno?e?iaaiiui aeo?iaeai e ae?.) eeai iaeeiaeiai aieueoia, eeai
iaeeiaeiai iaeia aieiaiea. Caeiaii ae?oaeaneeo ioiioaiee e caeanue
neoaeeo niaiaaeaiea yeniaeoaoeee – iaeeaeaiee nii?e /anoiinoe e
ii?aaeaeaiiui eoeueoo?ii-iiciaaaoaeueiui oeaiiinoyi.

I?aeoeea iieacuaaao, /oi ianiaiaaeaiea yeniaeoaoeee ii
iai?eioeeieaeueiui aii?inai noi?oaeaneeo ioiioaiee ia i?aaenoaaeyao
oa?icu a?a/iiio nithco. Yoi naiaia?aciay “aieaciue ?inoa”, eai ia
i?ioyaeaiee niaianoiie noi?oaeaneie aeecie oaeea ianiaiaaeaiey
nieiathony aeaaiaea?y naeeaeaieth ee/iinoiuo iniaaiiinoae, oeaiiinoae,
aeonia, i?eau/ae e iano?iaiee noi?oaia, oanii naycaiiuo ae?oa n ae?oaii
aeinoaoi/ii aeeeoaeueiia a?aiy. AEeciaiiua iaaethaeaiey aiai?yo i oii,
/oi noi?oae naeeaeathony ia oieueei a oao eee eiuo ioeaieao e iiaieyo,
ii e noaiiayony eae au iioiaeeie ae?oa ia ae?oaa, /oi i?iyaeyaony a eo
iiaaaeaiee e iinooieao. Ana yoi o?aaoao acaeiiiai aieiaiey,
niaeaniaaiiinoe, acaeiiiiieiaiey.

“Ethaiaiua e ae?oaeaneea ioiioaiey, – ieoao A. Iaeea?oaea,– nei?aa
iaiiieiatho iooaoanoaea aaeaiai ii ?aciiia?aciui, /anoi aia?aua
ioe?uaaaiui ianoai, iooaoanoaea, eioi?ia a?aiaiaie eaaeaony
caia/aoaeueiui, a a?aiaiaie – iianiui eee ooiieoaeueiui. Aioiaiinoue
ioi?aaeoueny a niaianoiia iooaoanoaea ii oaeie aei?iaa, niiniaiinoue
i?eieiaoue ia?oia?a eae oieeaeueioth e aaoiiiiioth ee/iinoue, /uee
aeaeaiey e /oanoaa iiaoo iaiyoueny e aeaeaei ia anaaaea iaoiaeyony iiae
iaoei eiio?ieai, oiaiea i?aiaeieaaaoue o?aaiaeiua ?eneiaaiiua neooaoeee,
ni?aaeyoueny ni naieie niiiaieyie – ana yoi iiaeao noaoue iniiaie…
nieeaea?iinoe… “, o. a. niaeaney a ?aaeinoe e ia/aee, a aioiaiinoe
aeaeeoue ia oieueei i?eyoiua, ii e oyainoiua, o?aaiaeiua iiiaiou aeecie.

Aii?in ia ioeeiiaieyo, aeiioneaaiuo nioeeaeueiuie (ee/iinoiuie e
?ieaauie) yeniaeoaoeeyie , i/aiue aaaeai. Anoanoaaiii, /oi iaeeaeaiey e
o?aaiaaiey iaeiiai /aeiaaea e ae?oaiio eaee e a?oiia, eo acaeiiiiieiaiea
eiatho ii?aaeaeaiiua ?aiee e i?aaeaeu. Iiyoiio caeanue ea?aao
ii?aaeaeaiioth ?ieue acaeiiia i?eniiniaeaiea ia?oia?ia n
o/aoii eo onoaiiaie e oeaiiinoae,

iniaaiiinoae oa?aeoa?ia, eiie?aoiuo neooaoeee e o. ae. Iai?eia?,
eiaeaia? eiino?oeoi?neiai ath?i iiaeao ia?aoeoueny ca iiiiuueth e naiaio
oiaa?euo, eieeaaa ii ?aaioa, ii a?yae ee noaiao i?ineoue oiaa?eua, /oiau
oio auiieiye anth aai ?aaioo. Iaa i?ae?anii ioeaieaatho ia oieueei
aiciiaeiinoe e niiniaiinoe ae?oa ae?oaa, ii e i?aaeaeu, ia?aie/eaathuea
iauai ieacaiey iiiiue.

Eae oaea ioia/aeinue, i?e iaee/ee onoie/eauo yeniaeoaoeee iiiaea oi?iu
iauaiey noaiiayony naie niaie ?acoiathueieny. I?e yoii eaa/a
inouanoaeythony niaianoiua aeaenoaey, ethaee i?aaeeueiaa i?aaenoaaeytho
naaa, eae neaaeoao ioiineoueny e iaoiaeyuaiony ?yaeii /aeiaaeo, ia /oi
iiaeii e ia /oi iaeuecy ?ann/eouaaoue e o. ae. ssniia i?aaenoaaeaiea i
aiciiaeiinoyo aeeaaea eaaeaeiai a iauaa aeaei iieiaeeoaeueii aeeyao ia
oi?ie?iaaiea eieeaeoeaenoneeo ioiioaiee, ia ni caeaiea aeaaii?eyoiiai
nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneiai eeeiaoa.

Yeniaeoaoeee eiatho aieueoia cia/aiea aeey eieeaeoeaa ethaiai oeia.
Iai?eia?, eae iieacuaatho ianniaua ianeaaeiaaiey, iaeiie ec i?e/ei
oaeo/anoe eaae?ia ia i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo yaeyaony ionoonoaea
niaeaniaaiey iaaeaeo o?aaiaaieyie e iaeeaeaieyi e ?aaioieeia e ?aaeueiui
aieiaieai e yoei o?aaiaaieyi ni noi?iiu ?oeiaiaenoaa. Iniai ia?auatho ia
naay aieiaiea yeniaeoaoeee ii eeiee “?oeiaiaeeoaeue – iiae/eiaiiua”. Iie
a ?aaiie ia?a oi?aaeytho eae aeaenoaeyie ?oeiaiaeeoaey ii ioiioaieth e
eieeaeoeao, oae e iiaaaeaieai ?yaeiauo ?aaioieeia ii ioiioaieth e
?oeiaiaeeoaeth.

Nioeeaeueiua yeniaeoaoeee a oe?ieii niunea neiaa – yoi ioiioaiea
iauanoaa e /aeiaaeo. Io noaiaie aa?iiiee yoeo ioiioaiee, i?aaeeueiiai eo
aini?eyoey ai iiiaii caaeneo ?acaeoea /aeiaaea, anae nenoaiu
iauanoaaiiuo acaeiinaycae.

Eniieueciaaiiay eeoa?aoo?a :

Ii/aaiee I.I. *aeiaa/aneia iauaiea. – I.: Iieeoecaeao, 1988.

Oiaeaa A.A. Ino?ua oaeu naiaeiiai e?oaa (Ineoieiaey iauaeaiiie aeecie)
– I.: Ciaiea, 1986.

Aieeoineee A.A. ss aiai?th, iu aiai?ei…: I/a?ee i /aeiaa/aneii
iauaiee. – 2-a ecae., aei?aa. e aeiiiei. – I.: Ciaiea, 1990.

Ia?en E., Yiaaeuen O. Eca?. ni/. a 9 o. I., 1985, o.2, n.35.

Neooaoaey

oaieeey

eiy

io/anoai

oeo?

Aeiiaoiee aae?an :

1997 a.

Iiaeienue 3

Iiaeienue 4

eiio?ieueiay ?aaioa

II INEOIEIAEE

IA OAIO :

“ INEOIEIAEss IAUAIEss “

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