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aaeo a aeecie i?eoiaeeony iauaoueny n ethaeueie. Iauaiea caieiaao iaeii
ec aaaeiaeoeo iano n?aaee iio?aaiinoae /aeiaaea.

Iauaiea – yoi eioi?iaoeeiiiia e i?aaeiaoiia acaeiiaeaenoaea, a i?ioeanna
eioi?iai i?iyaeythony e oi?ie?othony iaaeee/iinoiua acaeiiioiioaiey
(II).

I?e acaeiiaeaenoaee ethaeae ae?oa n ae?oaii i?iyaeythony eo ee/iua
ea/anoaa, ionthaea e auoaeatho II. Aaaeiaeoay /a?oa II – eo
yiioeeiiaeueiay iniiaa. Yoi cia/eo, /oi iie aicieeatho e neeaaeuaathony
ia iniiaa ii?aaeaeaiiuo /oano, ?iaeaeathueony o ethaeae ii ioiioaieth
ae?oa e ae?oao. Yoe /oanoaa iiaoo auoue naeeaeathueie, iauaaeeiythueie
ethaeae e ?acuaaeeiythueie eo.

Anee oaeoaeyony a II, oi noieeiainy n aieaa ee/iinoiui iauaieai,
iai?eia?, n eioeiii-ee/iinoiui. Yoi nio/anoea ia?oia?ia a i?iaeaiiao
ae?oa ae?oaa, aiciiaeiinoue ?acaeaeeoue n ae?oaeie naia aeooiaiia e
i?aeoe/aneia auoea. Eioeiii-ee/iinoiia iauaiea aicieeaao i?e oneiaee
iauiinoe oeaiiinoae ia?oia?ia, a nio/anoea iaania/eaaaony iiieiaieai
iuneae, /oanoa e iaia?aiee ae?oaiai, yiiaoeae. Aeaaiaea?y nio/anoeth a
eioeiii-ee/iinoiuo ioiioaieyo i?ienoiaeeo naiiaeooeecaoeey eiaeeaeaea,
/aio a iaeaieueoae noaiaie niinianoaotho aunoea oi?iu
eioeiii-ee/iinoiiai iauaiey – ae?oaeaa e ethaiaue.

A aeaiiie ?aaioa oioaeinue au ?anniio?aoue, /oi aea oaeia ae?oaeaa,
eaeea auaatho ae?oaeaneea ioiioaiey, a? ?aciiaeaeiinoe: aeaeu e oeiu,
eae iiieiaee e ioeaieaaee ae?oaeao eeoa?aoi?u. Nia/aea ?anniio?ei
yeaiaiou ineoieiaee ae?oaeau: ao?aeoeey, yiiaoey, oae eae a ae?oaeaneeo
ioiioaiee iie yaeythony aeaaiuie i?aaiecothueie.

Ineoieiaey ae?oaeau.

Ao?aeoeey.

Ineoieiaey ae?oaeau, auea naycaia n nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneeie
enneaaeiaaieyie iaaeee/iinoiie ao?aeoeee. Neiai “ao?aeoeey” iaicia/aao
aoeaaeueii i?eoyaeaiea, aea/aiea. A nioeeaeueiie ineoieiaee iiiyoea
“iaaeee/iinoiie ao?aeoeee” ii?aaeaeytho eae eiaieoeaiue
(iiciaaaoaeueiue) eiiiiiaio yiioeeiiaeueiiai ioiioaiey e ae?oaiio
/aeiaaeo, eee eae iaeioi?oth nioeeaeueioth onoaiiaeo, eee, iaeiiaoe, eae
yiioeeiiaeueiue eiiiiiaio iaaeee/iinoiiai aini?eyoey.

Ineoieiaey ao?aeoeee ioaaouaaao:

1. iio?aaiinoe noauaeoa, iiaoaeaeathuea aai auae?aoue oiai eee eiiai
ia?oia?a;

2. naienoaa iauaeoa (ia?oia?a), noeioee?othuea eioa?an eee neiiaoeth e
iaio;

3. iniaaiiinoe i?ioeanna acaeiiaeaenoaey, aeaaii?eyonoaoth-uea
aicieeiiaaieth e ?acaeoeth aeeaaee/aneeo (ia?iuo) ioii-oaiee;

4. iauaeoeaiua oneiaey oaeiai acaeiiaeaenoaey (iai?eia?,
i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue e iauaio e?oao iauaiey).

Yiiaoey.

A nia?aiaiiie ineoieiaee yiiaoeth i?eiyoi o?aeoiaaoue eeai eae
niiniaiinoue iiieiaoue ie? ia?aaeeaaiee ae?oaiai /aeiaaea, eeai eae
niiniaiinoue i?eiauaoueny e yiioeeiiaeueiie aeecie ae?oaiai, ?acaeaeyy
aai ia?aaeeaaiey. Aiaeece?oy nouanoaothuea ii?aaeaeaiey yiiaoee, iiaeii
auaeaeeoue /aou?a iaeaieaa /anoi ano?a/athueany:

1) iiieiaiea /oanoa, iio?aaiinoae ae?oaiai;

2) a/onoaiaaiea a niauoea, iauaeo eneonnoaa, i?e?iaeo;

3) aooaeoeaiay naycue n ae?oaei, ?acaeaeaiea ninoiyiey ae?oaiai eee
a?oiiu;

4) naienoai ineoioa?aiaaoa.

Iaeaieaa iiioey?ii a ineoieiaee iaaeee/iinoiuo ioiioaiee e ineoieiaee
ee/iinoe iiieiaiea yiiaoee, i?aaeeiaeaiiia Aeaeiiiae: “Yiiaoey –
aiia?aaeaaiia ia?aianaiea naay a iunee, /oanoaa e aeaenoaey ae?oaiai e
no?oeoo?e?iaaiea ie?a ii aai ia?acoeo”.

A oeiea ineoiaiaeeca yiiaoey ?anniao?eaaaony eae naienoai a?a/a,
iaania/eaathuaa yooaeoeaiia acaeiiaeaenoaea n aieueiuie.

Eeiin o?aeoiaae yiiaoeth eae aini?eyoea ynoaoe/aneiai iauaeoa – yoi
iaeiia?aiaiii aeo ianeaaeaeaiey e iiciaiey. Yiiaoey anoue niinia
iiciaiey iauaeoa – ynoaoe/aneiai ianeaaeaeaiey, a/onoaiaaiey a iauaeo
/a?ac i?iaeoeeth naieo /oanoa e eaeaioeoeeaoeeth n iei. I?aaaea yoa
o?aeoiaea aeaaaeanue aeey ineoieiaee eneonnoaa, ii iia i?ae?anii
iiaeoiaeeo e aeey ethaeae.

Iiiyoea ae?oaeau e a? cia/aiey.

I?aaeaea anaai neiai “ae?oaeaa” eiaao ia iaeii, a ianeieueei ?acee/iuo
cia/aiee. E ia oieueei a iaoa a?aiy. Aeaa ouny/e eao oiio iacaae yoi
iaia?oaeee A?enoioaeue, eioi?ue eae ?ac e iuoaeny aeaoue ii?aaeaeaiea
?acee/iui oeiai ae?oaeau, /oiau auaeaeeoue n?aaee ieo enoeiioth
ae?oaeao. Ii ?acee/aao aeaaiui ia?acii ae?oaeao, iniiaaiioth ia
eioa?ana, e ae?oaeao aeaai?iaeioth, eioi?ay iaeia oieueei e
caneoaeeaaao i?aaa n/eoaoueny ianoiyuae. Iiyoiio aeaaea a Ae?aaiae
A?aoeee ioiioaiey, naycuaathuea aeaoo aeaeiauo ethaeae, aini?eieiaeenue
ia eae ae?oaeaa, a eae caeioa?aniaaiiinoue a oniaoa iauaai aeaea.
Oiaaea ae?oaeaa iaaeaeo iieeoe/aneeie aeayoaeyie oiaea /anoi
?anniao?eaaeanue eae niinia aeinoeaeaiey oniaoa a iieeoeea.

Eoae, anee iu ei?ioei ia?a/eneei iaeaieaa oiio?aaeoaeueiua cia/aiey
yoiai neiaa, oi oaeaeei, /oi a aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa neiai “ae?oaeaa”
eiaao iaei iauaai n iaoeie i?aaenoaaeaieyie i ianoiyuai ae?oaa.

Cia/aiea ia?aia: ciaeiiua. Aieueoeinoai ethaeae, eioi?uo iu n/eoaai
naieie ae?ocueyie, ia naiii aeaea anaai eeoue iaoe ciaeiiua, oi anoue
oa, eiai iu auaeaeyai ec ie?oaeathuae ian aaceeeie iannu. Iai ecaanoiu
eo caaiou, eo i?iaeaiu, iu n/eoaai eo aeeceeie iai ethaeueie, ia?auaainy
e iei ca iiiiuueth e naie ioioii ei iiiiaaai. O ian n ieie i?ae?aniua
ioiioaiey. Ii iao iieiiai ioe?iaaiey, iu ia aeiaa?yai ei naie naiua
nie?iaaiiua aeaeaiey. Ano?a/a n ieie ia aeaeaao ian n/anoeeauie, ia
aucuaaao o ian iaaieueiie ?aaeinoiie oeuaee. Anee e iei i?eoiaeeo
oniao, anee iie iieo/atho eaeoth-ieaoaeue iaa?aaeo eee ia ieo
“naaeeaaaony” iaiaeeaeaiiia aacaiea, iu ia ?aaeoainy ca ieo, eae ca
naieo naay; ei iiiaei naycyi iiaeiaiiai oeia i?eiaoeaathony nieaoie,
caaenoue, a?aaeaea. *anoi ca aiaoia na?aea/iuie ioiioaieyie i?y/oony
aeoaeiiua eiioeeeou. Eiia/ii, yoi ia iinoi?iiiea iai ethaee, iaaeaeo
iaie nouanoaoao ii?aaeaeaiiay aeecinoue. Ii ca/ai aea iacuaaoue
ae?oaeaie noieue ?acee/iua ia naiii aeaea oeiu ioiioaiee? ?a/ue eaeao i
iaaa?iii oiio?aaeaiee neiaa. Oae auei a i?ioeii, oae i?iaeieaeaaony e
nae/an.

Cia/aiea aoi?ia: eieeaeoeaiay nieeaea?iinoue. Ioaeii ioee/aoue, eae yoi
aeaeaee ae?aaiea, ae?oaeao io nieeaea?iinoe. A iineaaeiai neo/aa
ae?ocuey – yoi oa, eoi n?aaeaaony ia iaoae noi?iia, neaaeai, ai a?aiy
aieiu. N iaeiie noi?iiu, ae?ocuey, n ae?oaie – a?aae. A oaeie
nieeaea?iinoe iao ie/aai ee/iinoiiai. *aeiaae, iaeaoue a oio aea
ioiaee?, /oi e o iaiy, – ae?oa, ii y ie/aai i iai ia ciath. E yoie aea
eaoaai?ee ioiinyony oi?iu nieeaea?iinoe, nouanoaothuea a naeoao, a
ia?oeyo, a oea?eae. O?enoeaia ciaoo ae?oa ae?oaa a?aoueyie eee
ae?ocueyie, nioeeaeenou – oiaa?euaie, oaoenou – eai?aaeaie. Ii ai anao
yoeo neo/ayo iu eiaai aeaei n eieeaeoeaiuie, a ia /enoi ee/iinoiuie
ioiioaieyie.

Cia/aiea o?aouea: ooieoeeiiaeueiua ioiioaiey. Iie ioiinyony e oeio
ee/iinoiuo naycae, iniiaaiiuo ia nioeeaeueiie ooieoeee. Caeanue iu
ano?a/aainy n “ooeeeoa?iie” ae?oaeaie; oaeiaa ae?oaeaa iaaeaeo
eiiiaiueiiaie eee iaaeaeo iieeoe/aneeie aeayoaeyie. A yoii aeaea
ioiioaiee i?enoonoaoao ieieioi ethaae, iie aeeyony aei oao ii?, iiea
nouanoaoao eioa?an, eioi?ue o?aaoao iauae caaiou. Nthaea aea aoiaeyo
iiiai/eneaiiua i?ioanneiiaeueiua acaeiiioiioaiey, ioiioaiey iaaeaeo
eieeaaaie ii ?aaioa e iaaeaeo ninaaeyie ii aeiio.

Cia/aiea /aoaa?oia: neiiaoey e ae?oaeaethaea. Iu iiaeoiaeei, iaeiiaoe, e
oie eaoaai?ee ethaeae, n eioi?uie iai oi?ioi, eioi?ua iai i?eyoiu,
eioi?uie iu ainoeuaainy. Ii e a yoii neo/aa neiai ae?oaeaa neaaeoao
oiio?aaeyoue i/aiue inoi?iaeii. Oaeea yiioeeiiaeueiua nayce /anoi
iiaa?oiinoiu e iai?iaeieaeeoaeueiu.

*oi aea a oaeii neo/aa iiieiaai iu iiae neiaii “ae?oaeaa”? Eiooeoeaii
iii aucuaaao o ian i?aaenoaaeaiea i /oanoaa aeoaieii, /anoiii,
i?aaeiieaaathuai aeiaa?ea e ioe?iaaiiinoue. Yiie?e/aneea enneaaeiaaiey
oiaea iieacuaatho, /oi iiaeaaeythuaa aieueoeinoai ethaeae eiaiii oae
i?aaenoaaeyao naaa ae?oaeao. A naiae iineaaeiae eieaa ?aeciai, eco/ea
ia?iiiue iaoa?eae, iaienaiiue ia yoo oaio, aeae neaaeothuaa ii?aaeaeaiea
ae?oaeau: “Ae?oa – yoi oio, eiio aeinoaaeyao ?aaeinoue aeaeaoue aeia?i
ae?oaiio, e eoi iieaaaao, /oi yoio ae?oaie eniuouaaao e iaio oa aea
/oanoaa”. Yoi ii?aaeaeaiea ?aeciaia noaaeo ae?oaeao a /enei
aeueo?oenoe/aneeo, ene?aiieo /oanoa.

Oeiu ae?oaeau.

Ae?oaeao iiaeii ?acaeaeeoue ia o?e oeia ii aic?anoiui eaoaai?eyi:
aeaoneay, thiioaneay e ac?ineay. Caeanue ?ainniio?ei oieueei thiioaneoth
e ac?ineoth.

THiioaneay ae?oaeaa.

THiinoue – ia?eiae iaeaieaa eioaineaiiai e yiioeeiiaeueiiai iauaiey ni
naa?noieeaie, a?oiiiaie aeecie e o.ae.

A iniiaa thiioaneie oyae e ae?oaeaa – no?anoiay iio?aaiinoue a iiieiaiee
ae?oaiai e naay ae?oaei e naii?ane?uoee. “N/anouea – yoi eiaaea oaay
iiieiatho”, – aiai?eo thiue aa?ie oeeueia “Aeiaeea?i aei
iiiaaeaeueieea”.

Iaeiie ec aeaaiuo iainiciaaaaiuo ooieoeee thiioaneie ae?oaeau yaeyaony
iiaeaea?aeaiea naiioaaaeaiey. Ae?oaeaa eiiaaea aunooiaao e eae
naiaia?aciay oi?ia ineoioa?aiee, iicaieyy iieiaeui au?aceoue
ia?aiieiythuea eo /oanoaa e iaeoe iiaeoaa?aeaeaiea oiai, /oi eoi-oi
?acaeaeyao eo niiiaiey, iaaeaaeaeu e o?aaiae.

THiioaneay ae?oaeaa ia oieueei neeiiia e eniiaaaeaeueiinoe, ii e
/?acau/aeii yiioeeiiaeueia. E au?aaeaiia yiioeeiiaeueiinoue ia noieueei
a neiaao e i?aaeeiaeaieyo, neieueei a oa?aeoa?iuo eioiiaoeeyo,
aeoeaioao, iaaeiaiai??iiinoe, iaaeiiieaeao, eioi?ua iiae?inoie i?e an?i
aeaeaiee ia niia au ia?aaanoe a iiiyoey, ii eioi?ua aeiiinyo aei aai
ae?oaa-niaanaaeieea oii/aeoea ithainu aai iano?iaiee, inoaaaynue
aanniuneaiiui e iaiiiyoiui aeey iinoi?iiiaai neooaoaey. Yoio “ionoie”
?acaiai? ineoieiae/anee aaaeiaa e cia/eoaeueiaa “niaea?aeaoaeueiie”
naaoneie aanaaeu i aunieeo iaoa?eyo… Ioaeaeaynue a neeueiuo
yiioeeiiaeueiuo i?eaycaiiinoyo, iieiaeua ethaee iiae/an ia caia/atho
?aaeueiuo naienoa ia?oia?a. I?e anae eo eneeth/eoaeueiinoe ae?oaeaneea
ioiioaiey a oaeeo neo/ayo iau/ii e?aoeia?aiaiiu.

Niioiioaiea ae?oaeau e ethaae i?aaenoaaeyao a thiinoe neiaeioth
i?iaeaio. N iaeiie noi?iiu, yoe ioiioaiey eaaeaony aieaa eee iaiaa
aeueoa?iaoeaiuie. Iiyaeaiea ethaeiie aeaaooee nieaeaeo yiioeeiiaeueiue
iaeae iaeiiiieie ae?oaeau, ae?oa noaiiaeony nei?aa aeia?ui oiaa?euai. N
ae?oaie noi?iiu, ethaiaue i?aaeiieaaaao aieueooth noaiaiue eioeiiinoe,
/ai ae?oaeaa, iia eae au aeeth/aao a naay ae?oaeao.

Ae?oaeaa ac?ineuo.

A thiinoe ae?oaeaa, eae iu aeaeaee, caieiaao i?eaeeaae?iaaiiia, aeaaea
iiiiiieueiia iieiaeaiea a nenoaia ee/iuo ioiioaiee e i?eaycaiiinoae. N
iiyaeaieai iiauo, “ac?ineuo” i?eaycaiiinoae ae?oaeaa iinoaiaiii
oo?a/eaaao naia i?eaeeaae?iaaiiia iieiaeaiea.

O?e iiiaioa iniaaiii aaaeiu aeey iiieiaiey ineoieiae/aneeo ioee/ee
ae?oaeau ac?ineuo ethaeae io thiioaneie ae?oaeau: 1) ioiineoaeueiia
caaa?oaiea oi?ie?iaaiey naiiniciaiey; 2) ?anoe?aiea e aeeooa?aioeeaoeey
noa?u iauaiey e aeayoaeueiinoe; 3) iiyaeaiea iiauo eioeiiuo
i?eaycaiiinoae.

Oaeaea iaiythony niaea?aeaiea e no?oeoo?a ae?oaeaneiai iauaiey.
Oa?ieiinoue e ?acee/eyi – iaeei ec aeaaiuo iieacaoaeae o?iaiy eoeueoo?u
e eioaeeaeooaeueiiai ?acaeoey. Yoi i?iyaeyaony e a iauaiee. Aeaoneay
ae?oaeaa iiaeao ?anianoueny ec-ca ionoyea. THiioe oaea aioiau ie?eoueny
n /anoiuie iaaeinoaoeaie naieo ae?ocae, ii naia ae?oaeaa ana-oaee
iiieiaaony eae ia/oi oioaeueiia.

Aeaeu ae?oaeau.

Aeooiaiay ae?oaeaa – acaeiiia iaiaauaiea e aeiiieiaiea ae?oa ae?oaa.
Eaaeaeue ainoeu?i e i/a?iaai i?aainoiaenoaii ae?oaiai. Oai naiui ii
aeaao naiaio ae?oao aiciiaeiinoue iieo/eoue noieue aeaeaiiia i?eciaiea:
/oi iiaeao auoue i?ae?aniaa, anee oaay oeaieo e iiieiaao oio, ca eai ou
i?eciaaoue yoi i?aai. Naiia oaeeaeoaeueiia caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi
eaaeaeue /oanoaoao naay niaa?oaiii iaiioiaeei ia ae?oaiai e ainoeuaaony
eiaiii oaie ea/anoaaie, eioi?uo iao o iaai naiiai.

Oai?/aneay ae?oaeaa – yoi iaa ae?oaa nio?aiytho naith y?ei au?aaeaiioth
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoue. Aieaa oiai, ae?oaeaa iiiiaaao oai?/anee
aeiiieiyoue ee/iinoue eaaeaeiai ec ae?ocae, i?eaeaoue caeii/aiiue
oa?aeoa? eo eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoe.

Aoaeie/iay ae?oaeaa iiaeao nouanoaiaaoue e ?acaeaaoueny oieueei i?e
oneiaee iaiin?aaenoaaiiie oa??eoi?eaeueiie aeecinoe. Ae?ocuey
iaycaoaeueii aeieaeiu aeeoue ?yaeii, ieacuaaoue ae?oa ae?oao oneoae,
ia?auaoueny ca iiiiuueth, oiaeeoue aianoa a eeii eee oioy au i?inoi
aieoaoue i oii i n?i. Eae i?aaeei, oaeay ae?oaeaa iiaee?aieyaony
eaeei-ieaoaeue iinoiyiiui iiaiaeii aeey ano?a/. Yoi iiaeao auoue
iau/iia ninaaenoai eee iauay ?aaioa. A?a/e, iai?eia?, /aua anaai
ae?oaeao n a?a/aie.

Naiaeiay ae?oaeaa ia ia?aue acaeyae eaaeaony iieiui aioeiiaeii ae?oaeau
oai?/aneie, ii yoi ia oae. Aeey ?anniao?eaaaiiai iaie oeia ae?oaeau
oa?aeoa?ii oi, /oi iao ae?oa, a nouiinoe, noaiiaeony ae?oaii anae
naiuee. A anee ?a/ue eaeao i noi?oaeaneie ia?a, o eioi?ie anoue aeaoe,
iiaeii ni anae i/aaeaeiinoueth aiai?eoue i ae?oaeaa naiueyie.

?aciiaeaeiinoe ae?oaeau.

Iiiyoea ?iiaioe/aneie ae?oaeau e?aeia iaii?aaeaeaiii. Iii oi iaicia/aao
ae?oaeao yiioe ?iiaioecia, aeeth/ay e i?aaeoanoaiaaaoee ae ia?eiae “ao?e
e iaoenea”, oi niioiineony ni niaoeeoe/aneeie i?aaenoaaeaieyie i
ae?oaeaa, eiaaoeie oiaeaeaiea a e?oao iaiaoeeeo iiyoia-?iiaioeeia, oi
annioeee?oaony n ineoieiae/aneei oeiii “?iiaioe/aneie ee/iinoe”.

Anee ioaea/ueny io ineoieiae/aneeo ithainia, ?iiaioe/aneee eaiii
ae?oaeau icia/ae, ai-ia?auo, ?aceia iiauoaiea o?aaiaaiee e aa eioeiiinoe
e yeni?anneaiinoe e, ai-aoi?uo annioeeaoeeth “enoeiiie ae?oaeau” n oie
/anoueth aeecie /aeiaaea, eioi?ay i?eoiaeeony ia thiinoue.

A y?ioe/aneie ae?oaeaa iao ianoa iaieueuaieth e aeeeaieth
?anii?yaeaoueny noaeueaie ae?oaiai, eiaoue iaae iei aeanoue. Ianoiyuay
y?ioe/aneay ae?oaeaa – yoi aanei?unoiue, aeaai?iaeiue ii?ua,
iai?aaeaiiue ia oi, /oiau niaa?oainoaiaaoueny naiiio e iiii/ue a yoii
ae?oaiio. Aac iaei/iuo iiaen/aoia anao “ca” e “i?ioea”, aac aeaeaiey
oaea?aeaoue, iiaaeaaaoue, aeeyoue, iai?aaeyoue. Ae?oa i?eieiaao naiaai
ae?oaa n ethaiaueth e noa?aaony aeinoaaeoue aio ?aaeinoue. Iaaaaeii,
aeaeae ee ii aai, eee oio i?eoae iaiaeeaeaiii. Ae?oa ioaeaao, ie/aai ia
i?iny acaiai, e iieo/aao, ie/aai ia ni?aoeaay. Anee y?ioeea oaeaaony an?
yoi inaieoue, a eiiaaea ae yoi oaeaaony, iia iiaeao aeeoue ?yaeii n
ae?oaeaie. A i?ioeaiii neo/aa iia aa ?ac?ooaao.

Aicieeiiaaiea ae?oaeau. Ano?a/a.

O ian iiaoo auoue a oa/aiea anae aeecie i?ae?aniua ioiioaiey n ninaaeyie
eee n eieeaaaie ii ?aaioa, ii ieeoi ec ieo ia noaiao iaoei ae?oaii. E a
oi aea a?aiy iu iiaeai n/eoaoue ae?oaii eee iiae?oaie /aeiaaea, n
eioi?ui iu aeaeaeenue anaai iaeei-aeaa ?aca e eioi?ue aeea?o aeaeaei
io ian. Auyniyaony, iaeiaei, /oi oieueei n iei iai oi?ioi e oi/aony
i?iyaeoue oi eo/oaa, /oi a ian anoue.

Ae?oaeaa aicieeaao eae ?ac?ua a iau/iii oa/aiee niauoee, eae nea/ie. A
eaeie-oi iiiaio iu aae?oa ia/eiaai eniuouaaoue neeueiue i?eeea
neiiaoee, eioa?ana e ae?oaiio /aeiaaeo, ii noaiiaeony iai aeecie. Anee
iu aeaaii n iei ciaeiiu, iiyaeyaony /oanoai, aoaeoi iu oaeaeaee aai
ia?aue ?ac a aeecie. Iaciaai yoi yaeaiea ano?a/ae. Ano?a/a – yoi
eiia/iia niauoea, naonoie a?aiaie. Aeey ae?oaeau aaaeiu oieueei yoe
ieioou iaeaunoae eioaineaiinoe aeecie. Ana, /oi i?ienoiaeeo a
i?iiaaeooea, ia eiaao cia/aiey. Oaeay ano?a/a anaaaea iaiaeeaeaiiinoue,
anaaaea ioe?uoea. Ii ioiioaieth e aieueoeinoao iaoeo ciaeiiuo iu oae
ieeiaaea e ia naeaeaai yoio ia?aue oaa ia iooe e ae?oaeaa.

Ae?oaeaa – yoi neiaeiia ia?aieaoaiea ano?a/, e eaaeaeay ano?a/a –
eniuoaiea, iia iiaeao i?eianoe oniao e ?aci/a?iaaiea. A ioee/ea io
aethae?iiinoe iu iiaeai aeaaea ia aniiieiaoue i ae?oaa io ano?a/e aei
ano?a/e.

Acaeiiaeaenoaea 2-o ethaeae ia?aaea?o noaia aia?eeaineiai ineoieiaa
Aeae. Eaaeiaeaea?a.

0. Ioeaaie eiioaeo.

Aeaa ianaycaiiuo eeoea.

1. Iniciaiea.

Iaeiinoi?iiiea onoaiiaee eee aia/aoeaiey, aac acaeiiaeaenoaey.

2. Iiaa?oiinoiue eiioaeo.

Aeaoonoi?iiiea onoaiiaee, iaeioi?ia acaeiiaeaenoaea.

3. Acaeiiioiioaiey.

Ia?ana/aiea aeaoo ee/iinoae ia?acothuea ae?oaeaneia Iu

Nooiaie aeeaaee/aneiai acaeiiaeaenoaey

ss Ae?oaie

ss Ae?oaie

ss Ae?oaie

ss Ae?oaie

Ae?oaie ineoieiae/anee au? ia nouanoaoao aeey ss, ia i?aaenoaaeyao aeey
iaai ieeieiai eioa?ana.

Iaeiinoi?iiiyy ao?ae-oeey, iiciaaaoaeueiue eioa-?an eee yiioeeiiaeueiia
aea/aiea, ?aniieiaeaiea e ae?oaiio.

Ao?aeoeey noeioee?oao iiaa?oiinoiue iiaaaeai/an-eee eiioaeo,
acaeiiaeaeno-aea noauaeoia, inoathueony oai ia iaiaa /oaeeie ae?oa aeey
ae?oa.

Iauiinoue aeayoaeueiinoe, eioa?ania e onoaiiaie iinoaiaiiiii?iaeaeaao
?aa-eueiia acaeiiia?ana/aiea ee/iinoae, io /anoiiai, ia-cia/eoaeueiiai
aei aanueia oe?ieiai, eiaaea aeaa ss aei iaeioi?ie noaiaie nee-aathony a
iaaeaeeiia Iu.

Eoi anoue ae?oa?

A ?acaiai?iii ycuea neiai “ae?oa” eiaao iiiaeanoai cia/aiee. Iii
icia/aao ciaeiiiai, /aeiaaea, e eioi?iio iu ioiineiny n neiiaoeae,
ninaaea, eieeaao, neiaii, anao, eoi iai aeecie. Iaeiaei oaia?ue, eae e a
naiii aeaeaeii i?ioeii, nouanoaoao aua iaeii cia/aiea: eioeiiue ae?oa,
eioi?iai iu ethaei e eioi?ue ethaeo ian. Yoio iineaaeiee oei ae?oaeau
ioiineony e aieaa oceiio ?ac?yaeo iaaeee/iinoiuo ioiioaiee – e
ioiioaieyi, iino?iaiiui ia ethaae. Eiaaea iu aeoiaai i iaoeo aeeceeo
ae?ocueyo, i ianoiyuae ae?oaeaa, iu eiaai a aeaeo ii?aaeaeaiioth oi?io
ethaae, nouanoaothuae iaaeaeo ethaeueie.

Ae?oa ieeiaaea ia eaeao iai e aiai?eo n iaie oieueei ia ycuea i?aaaeu.
Iu neooaai aai aieiaoaeueii e aani?eno?anoii, noa?aynue iiiyoue e
o?acai ioeaieoue oi, i /ai ii aiai?eo. Ieeaeeo i?ec?aeia e ieeaeie
oaao?aeueiinoe. Aai iiuo ianao a naaa iaoin /oanoa e o?acainoue ?acoia.
Iiyoiio ii iaiaauaao ian, aicauoay yiioeeiiaeueii e eioaeeaeooaeueii.

*aeiaae ciaeii iai ianoieueei, ianeieueei iai ecaanoia aai aeeciue a
eaaeaeue ioaeaeueiue iiiaio. Iiyoiio, aanaaeoy n eai-ieaoaeue ec naieo
ciaeiiuo, iu ni?aoeaaai i aai ieaiao, neaaeai, ia eaoi: “Eoaea
niae?aaoueny a ioione?” Aii?in i aoaeouai aeiiieiytho naaaeaiey i
i?ioaaeoai: “Eoaea au acaeeee ceiie? Eae i?iaaee ?iaeaeanoai?” Anee iu
ano?aoeeenue n ethaeueie, eioi?ua ia i/aiue iai aeecee, e ia ciaai, i
/ai aiai?eoue, iu aoaeai aiai?eoue i iiaiaea. Ii e ooo, iiaiai?ea i
naaiaeiyoiae iiaiaea, iu n?aaiei aa ni a/a?aoiae e au?acei aaoe
iiaeaeaiey ii iiaiaeo iiaiaeu a aeeaeaeoea aeie.

A aio ae?ocuey, ano?aoeaoenue aeaaea iinea iiiaieaoiae ?aceoee, ie/aai
ia auni?aoeaatho ae?oa o ae?oaa. Iie ia noaioo ia?ooeaaoue ae?oa ia
ae?oaa o?aaai aii?inia, /oiau auynieoue, /oi aeaeae eaaeaeue, e
ainnoaiiaeoue aeaiue ca aeiai i?ioaaeoaa. Aieaa oiai, i?ioeia eae
aoaeoi e aiana eo ia eioa?anoao. Iie n?aco ia/eiatho aiai?eoue i oii,
/oi o ieo ia aeooa a ianoiyuee iiiaio. Eaaeaeue ec ieo, aac
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie iiaeaioiaee, iaeneiaeueii ?aniieiaeai e aini?eyoeth
iiaiai. Ae?ocuey, eioi?ua, ano?aoeaoenue, aiai?yo ae?oa ae?oao: “A
oaia?ue y ?anneaaeo ana ii ii?yaeeo” eee “?anneaaee i naaa”, – yoi ia
ianoiyuea ae?ocuey. Ca iiaeiaiuie iaueie o?acaie ie/aai ia noieo.

Iu ia auae?aai a ae?ocuey ethaeae, eioi?uo ia oaaaeaai. ss ia noaio ana
a?aiy iuneaiii aanaaeiaaoue n /aeiaaeii, eioi?iai n/eoath iaaiaeyai,
eneaoue niaaoa o i?aaeaoaey. Ae?oaeaa – yoi oaeia nioeeaeueiia
i?ino?ainoai, aaea ethaee ioiinyony ae?oa e ae?oao i?aanoaaiiaa,
na?aea/iaa, /ai e oai, eoi iaoiaeeony ca i?aaeaeaie yoiai i?ino?ainoaa.
Caeanue i?aanoaaiiua ii?iu niaethaeathony naiui no?iaei ia?acii: oae,
eae iie a eaeaaea aeieaeiu auee au niaethaeaoueny anaie.

Auaatho oaeea neooaoeee a aeecie eiaaea iai ieioi, iai?eia?. Eiaiii a
oaeea iiiaiou ae?ocuey anaaaea ieacuaathony ?yaeii. Ae?ocuey – yoi oa,
eoi iiiiaaao iai a iaoeo iieneao, eoi ?acaeaeyao n iaie iaoo o?aaiao,
ai?aony aianoa n iaie ca iaoe eioa?anu, o eiai oa aea, /oi e o ian,
iauaeou ethaae. Ianoiyuee ae?oa inoa?ony ?yaeii n iaie e iiiiaaao iai,
eiaaea ana inoaeueiua ooiaeyo. Ianoiyuee ae?oa i?ioiaeeo /a?ac eniuoaiey
ai?ueaie, eai ai?ueaa canoaaeyao auae?aoue. Ii auae?aao ian aianoi
eiai-oi ae?oaiai. Aac auai?a iao ae?oaeau. Neooaoeey i?eaeaao auai?o
ae?aiaoeci, aeaeaao aai iaia?aoeiui, io?acaao iooue iacaae. Ae?oa – yoi
oio, eoi auae?aao iaiy aianoa n iieie i?iaeaiaie. Ii ioi?aaeoueny ia
iienee ae?ocae aeieaeai y nai. A oyaeaeua ieioou y i?aaeaea anaai
ia?auathnue ca iiiiuueth e ae?ocueyi. Iaeie ?aoathony iieoe ni iiie,
ae?oaea – iao. Anyeay neooaoeey iioa?e aeaenoaoao eae anoanoaaiiue
ioai?: iia auaeaeyao oa ioiioaiey, eioi?ui noaeaeaii auaeeoue e eiaoue
i?iaeieaeaiea. Iiiiaay ae?oao iu iiiiaaai e naaa, aaaeue iiaeao neo/eony
oae, /oi iu iiiaiyainy n iei ?ieyie. AEa?oaie ieaaeaony ii, a iu
a?ineiny aio ia iiiiuue. AEeoue ?yaeii, ?acaeaeyoue ana ia?aaeeaaiey
ae?oaiai icia/aao aianoa ai?ioueny n iioa?yie, aianoa aunooiaoue i?ioea
nee cea. A cia/eo, e ia?aoaoue ni a?aiaiai iauea iauaeou ethaae. Eie
noaiiayony iaoe aeeceea, aai aeeceea, iu – iauaeo aai ethaae, ii –
iauaeo iaoae ethaae. Oae ?iaeaeaaony e e?aiiao ae?oaeaa.

Ii?aeueii-yoe/aneea noi?iiu ae?oaeau.

iaienaiiua i?aaeea ae?oaeau

Iaiai

Aeaeeoueny iiainoyie i naieo oniaoao

Aueacuaaoue yiioeeiiaeueioth iiaeaea?aeeo

Aeia?iaieueii iiiiaaoue a neo/aa ioaeaeu

Noa?aoueny, /oiau ae?oao auei i?eyoii a oaiai iauanoaa

Aica?auaoue aeieae e ieacaiiua oneoae*

Eioeiiinoue

Oaa?aiiinoue a ae?oaa e aeiaa?ea e iaio

Ioiioaiea e o?aoueei eeoeai

Caueuaoue ae?oaa a aai ionoonoaea

Auoue oa?ieiui e inoaeueiui aai ae?ocueyi*

Ia e?eoeeiaaoue ae?oaa ioaee/ii**

Nio?aiyoue aeiaa?aiiua oaeiu**

Ia ?aaiiaaoue e ia e?eoeeiaaoue i?i/ea ee/iua ioiioaiey ae?oaiai**

Acaeiiay eii?aeeiaoeey

Ia auoue iacieeeaui, ia iio/aoue*

Oaaaeaoue aioo?aiiee ie? e aaoiiiieth ae?oaa**

Naiuie aaaeiuie i?aaenoaaeythony oanoue i?aaee, ia ioia/aiiuo
caacaei/eaie, oae eae iie ioaa/atho anai /aou?ai e?eoa?eyi:

– aaeeiiaeooii i?eciathony aaaeiuie aeey ae?oaeau;

– ioee/atho i?iaeieaeathuothny ae?oaeao io ?aniaaoaeny;

– ioee/atho auniei ioeaieaaaiua ioiioaiey io iecei ioeaieaaaiuo;

– ianiaethaeaiea yoeo i?aaee n/eoaaony aa?iyoiie e oaaaeeoaeueiie
i?e/eiie i?ae?auaiey ae?oaeau.

I?aaeea, ioia/aiiua iaeiie caacaei/eie, ioaa/atho o?ai e?eoa?eyi, ii ia
iicaieytho ioee/eoue aeeceeo ae?ocae io iaiaa eioeiiuo. Eiuie neiaaie,
iie aaaeiu aeey iau/iuo o?iaiae ae?oaeau, ii i?e iniaaiii oaniuo
ioiioaieyo iiaoo auoue ia?ooaiu: aeeceea ae?ocuey ia n/eoathony
iaeieaeaieyie, i?iuatho iaoa?ieiinoue e iauei ciaeiiui e aeaaea
iaeioi?oth iacieeeainoue.

I?aaeea, ioia/aiiua aeaoiy caacaei/eaie, ioaa/atho aeaoi e?eoa?eyi: iie
n/eoathony aaaeiuie e eo ia?ooaiea iiaeao niinianoaiaaoue i?ae?auaieth
ae?oaeau, iaeiaei ioeaiea aeoaeiu ae?oaeaneeo ioiioaiee io ieo ia
caaeneo. Yoe i?aaeea – ecaaaaoue ioaee/iie e?eoeee, o?aieoue
aeiaa?aiioth oaeio, ia ?aaiiaaoue e o?aoueei eeoeai e oaaaeaoue ee/iue
ie? ae?oaiai – ianiaoeeoe/iu aeey ae?oaeau, iie aeaenoaotho ai iiiaeo
ae?oaeo ee/iuo ioiioaieyo e neooaoeeyo.Ia?ooaiea iaeioi?uo i?aaee
aini?eieiaaony eae anoanoaaiiay i?e/eia i?ae?auaiey ae?oaeau; iai?eia?,
ianiaethaeaiea ii?i aeiaa?ey e acaeiiiai oaaaeaiey aaaeao e oooaeoaieth
ioiioaiee, a ia?ooaiea i?aaee, i?aaeioa?auathueo eiioeeeou, a?iaea
cai?aoa aoi?aaoueny ai aioo?aiiee ie? ia?oia?a, – e ?ac?uao.

Eaaeiaeaea? i?aaeeiaeee oi?iaeueioth iiaeaeue oeeeea ee/iiai ioiioaiey,
ninoiyuaai ec iyoe oac:

1. Ao?aeoeey, i?aaeoanoaothuay ca?iaeaeaieth ioiioaiey.

2. Ia?eiae oi?ie?iaaiey ioiioaiey.

3. I?iaeieaeaiea ioiioaiey, icia/athuaa eeai:

a) aai ?ino e oe?aieaiea,

a) iiaeaea?aeaiea aeinoeaiooiai o?iaiy,

a) nieaeaiea o?iaiy iaonoie/eainoe.

4. Ineaaeaiea eee oooaeoaiea ioiioaiey.

5. I?ae?auaiea ioiioaiey a ?acoeueoaoa nia?oe iaeiiai ec ia?oia?ia eee
?ac?uaa.

Ae?oaeaa – yoi yoe/aneay oi?ia ethaae. A ioee/ea io ae?oaeo oi?i ethaae
iia auae?aao naie i?aaeiao iieuecoynue i?aanoaaiiui e?eoa?eyie, e no?ieo
naia oriioaiea e iaio, enoiaey ec yoeo e?eoa?eaa. Ii ae?oaeaa aua e
i?aaeii/oaiea. Auoue ae?oaii anaaaea icia/aao, /oi oaay ethayo aieueoa,
/ai ae?oaiai, /oi oaay i?aaeii/eoatho eiio-oi ae?oaiio, ia?iiiie
aaceeeie ianna ae?oaeo.

Ae?oaeaa – yoi ioiioaiey iaaeaeo aeaoiy niaa?oaiii naiaiaeiuie
eiaeeaeaeaie, ano?a/a ?aaiuo. Aeaia iiaoo noaoue ae?ocueyie, aeaaea
anee o ieo ?aciia yeiiiie/aneia e nioeeaeueiia iieiaeaiea, ii oieueei
i?e oii oneiaee, anee iie ano?aoyony eae aeaa naiaiaeiuo iacaaeneiuo
/aeiaaea, iaeaaeathueo iaeeiaeiaie aeanoueth e ?aaiui aeinoieinoaii.
Yoi i?ioeann inouanoaeaiey ?aaainoaa. Ii iia iiaeaaao, anee iu aa??i
naaa ca i?aaeei aani?a?uaii iieueciaaoueny iiiiuueth ae?oaa.

Aeeiaieea ae?oaeau ai iiiaii caaeneo io niciaoaeueiie onoaiiaee
ia?oia?ia: eae iie ii?aaeaeytho i?e?iaeo naieo ioiioaiee (aeaeyo ee a
ieo ae?oaeao, ethaiaue eee i?inoia ciaeiinoai), eaeea oeaee
i?aneaaeotho, eae iai?aaeytho ianoiyuaa e aoaeouaa ae?oaeaneeo ioiioaiee
– noa?athony iiaeaea?aeeaaoue, oaeoaeyoue eo eee ioneatho ia naiioae.

Aeae. Aeeai iai?eia?, ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi ae?oaeaa – yoi ea/anoaaiiay
oa?aeoa?enoeea ioiioaiee, a ia nai ii naaa iauaeoeaii nouanoaothuee aeae
ioiioaiee. Anee aeaa /aeiaaea, iacaaeneii io naiaai nioeeaeueiiai
iieiaeaiey, eniuouaatho oaaaeaiea ae?oa e ae?oao, anee iie iauathony ia
?aaiuo, iu ai?aaa n/eoaoue eo ae?ocueyie. Aeaaea aeaia aicethaeaiiuo
iiaoo auoue ae?ocueyie. Iie noaiiayony eie oiaaea, eiaaea, caaua ia
y?ioe/aneeo ianeaaeaeaieyo, eaaeaeue ec ieo ia/eiaao aeaeaoue aeia?a
ae?oaiio aanei?unoii, ioeacaaoenue io anyeeo caaeieo iuneae, ene?aiia.

Ae?oaeaa e Y?ioeea.

Ineoiaiaeeoeee n/eoatho, /oi a iniiaa anao iaaeee/iinoiuo ioiioaiee
eaaeeo y?ioeea. Ethaay iaaeee/iinoiay naycue – aoaeue oi ethaiaue eee
ae?oaeaa, aeinoeaaao naiae nouiinoe, noaiiaeony iiaeeeiiie, oieueei
?ane?ua naith y?ioe/aneoth i?e?iaeo. Oaeiaa eiioeaioeey iaeioi?uo
ineoiaiaeeoe/aneeo oeie (oaeeo, eae oeiea Aeeueaaeueia ?aeoa). Ana, /oi
ia iaoiaeeo naiaai au?aaeaiey a /enoi y?ioe/aneie oi?ia, yaeyaony, ii
iiaieth ineoiaiaeeoeeia, ?acoeueoaoii eeai naiiono?aiaiey, eeai
noaeeiaoeee.

Y?ioeea aeaeeo a /aeiaaea oieueei y?ioe/aneea naienoaa e euao ia naiiai
/aeiaaea, a iiaua iuouaiey. Iieaeoea aethaeaiiinoe – ninoiyiea
ca?iaeaeaiey, iinoiyiii aiciaiiaeythuaany /oanoai e iaeiiio e oiio aea
/aeiaaeo. Iieaeoea ae?oaeau – ano?a/a, a naia ae?oaeaa – oeaiue ano?a/
n iaeiei e oai aea /aeiaaeii. Iieaeoea y?ioeee – iiaia iuouaiea.
Y?ioe/aneea ioiioaiey i?iaeieaeathony aei oao ii?, iiea y?ioe/aneea
iuouaiey, y?ioe/aneia ianeaaeaeaiea inoathony iaiau/iuie, ec ?yaea aii
auoiaeyueie.

Anee y?ioeea ia iaoiaeeo yoiai a iaeiii /aeiaaea, ae i?eoiaeeony eneaoue
ae?oaiai. Iacia/aiea aethaeaiiinoe – nicaeaoue eieeaeoeaioth no?oeoo?o:
ia?o. Iacia/aiea ae?oaeau – i?ieoe aianoa aeeciaiiue iooue, iea/ii e
iea/o, i?aaeaiii e /anoii. Oeaeue y?ioeee – aeaoue ae?oa ae?oao
iaiau/aeiia ianeaaeaeaiea. Y?ioe/aneia ianeaaeaeaiea i?ienoiaeeo io
neeyiey oae, io en/aciiaaiey ia eaeia-oi iaiiaaiea nianoaaiiie
eaeaioe/iinoe. Ai aethaeaiiinoe aeaa /aeiaaea niaaeeiythony, /oiau
nicaeaoue iiaoth iauiinoue, iiaia “iu”, eioi?ia eiaao oaiaeaioeeth
i?iaeeaaaoue naia nouanoaiaaiea e eciaiyoue aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue. A
y?ioeea anaaaea aeaa /aeiaaea no?aiyony niaaeeieoueny ia a?aiy,
ioeacuaaynue i?e yoii io naiae oece/aneie e ineoe/aneie
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoe.

Anoue ?aciua oi?iu ae?oaeau. Iaeioi?ua ae?ocuey i?iaiaeyo ?yaeii ae?oa n
ae?oaii anth aeeciue. Ae?oaea ano?a/athony ?aaeei eee aeaaea oieueei a
eneeth/eoaeueiuo neo/ayo, oai ia iaiaa o ieo ae?oaeaa – ianoiyuay. N
ae?oaie noi?iiu, y?ioe/aneia aea/aiea iiaeao ii?iaeeoue ioiioaiey,
eioi?ua aoaeoo i?iaeieaeaoueny i/aiue aeieai. Aeey ae?oaeau aeaaiia ia
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue e ?aaoey?iinoue iauaiee, a ano?a/a. Eiaiii
caeanue ioaeii eneaoue aa ioee/ea io y?ioeee.

Anee y aiai?th ethaeiiio /aeiaaeo: “aoaeai ae?ocueyie”, yoi icia/aao,
/oi y aai aieueoa ia ethaeth. Ae?oaeaa oiaea yaeyaony oi?iie ethaae, ii
niaa?oaiii eiie. A y?ioeeo iaeuecy aeaaea n/eoaoue iaeiie ec oi?i
ethaae. Ii naiae i?e?iaea iia ianiiniaia nicaeaaaoue i?i/iua ioiioaiey.
Iia ia yaeyaony, eae aiai?yo ineoiaiaeeoeee, “iinoiyiiui
oeaeaiai?aaeaiiui aeeaaeii” eee, ii e?aeiae ia?a, ia auaaao oaeiaui a
aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa. Iiyoiio y?ioeea ia i?ioeaiiinoaaeyao naay ae?oaei
oi?iai ethaae, iia iiaeao niaaeeiyoueny n ieie, ia?acoy ?acee/iua
ni/aoaiey.

Acaeiiioiioaiey y?ioeee e ae?oaeau au? neiaeiaa. Ae?oaeaa aeeth/aao a
naay ai?acaei aieueoa ?acii?iaeiuo yeaiaioia, /ai y?ioeea. Iau/ii a
ioiioaieyo iaaeaeo aeaoiy iieaie ianooiaao oaeie iiiaio, eiaaea ano?a/a
iiaeao iiaa?iooue e a noi?iio y?ioeee, e a noi?iio ae?oaeau. Ii/oe
anaaaea oa eee ae?oaay noi?iia niaa?oaao auai?. Oai ia iaiaa ae?oaeaa
iiaeao oaeeaaoueny n y?ioeeie. Ae?oaeaa iaaeaeo aeaoiy ?aciiiieuie
ethaeueie, eioi?ua ninoiyee eee ninoiyo a y?ioe/aneeo ioiioaieyo,
aiciiaeia. Oi aea naiia ioiineony e e ethaeyi iaeiiai iiea, anee ?a/ue
eaeao i aiiinaenoaeenoao. Yoi iauyniyaony oai, /oi ae?oaeaa aeeaao
naiae, iacaaeneiie aeeciueth, ia eniuouaay iio?aaiinoe a y?ioeea, e
eaaeiiuneea, naienoaaiiia iineaaeiae, ieeae ae ia oa?iaeaao.

Y?ioeea ia ?iaeaeaao ae?oaeao, ii ae?oaeaa niaianoeia n y?ioeeie. Aeey
y?ioe/aneie ae?oaeau i/aiue aaaeia oeaiue ano?a/. A e?iia oiai –
ioe?iaaiiinoue, aeiaa?ea, aeooaaiay /enoioa. Anee ana yoi anoue,
ae?oaeaa iiaeao nouanoaiaaoue ?yaeii n y?ioeeie, oae aea eae iia
nouanoaoao ?yaeii n ethaiaueth, aicieeoae ec aethaeaiiinoe. Io
iineaaeiae iia ioee/aaony oai, /oi ia ?aaioao, ia o?aaoao aeey naay
ieeaeie eneeth/eoaeueiinoe, ia i?aoaiaeoao ia iieiia e iinoiyiiia
iaeaaeaiea. Y?ioeea anaaaea auaaao i?eaeaoeii ae?oaeau, a?
ianouanoaaiiie aeaoaeueth.

Iiyou i ae?oaeaa.

Iieiaeie A. A. AEoeianeee a aeiaaieeao e ia?aienea ii?aaeaeyao ae?oaeao
eae aeaaioth aeeciaiioth aeia?iaeaoaeue, ieoao i naiai aeaeaiey
“naeaeaoueny aeinoieiui ae?oaeau”. Aeey iaai ae?oaeaa “anoue ana,
oieueei ia a iaeiii /aeiaaea, a a aeaoo (iiiai a o?ao eee /aou?ao, ii
/ai aieueoa, oai eo/oa)”. Aunoae iioaaeie naaa ii n/eoaao, anee i iai
neaaeoo, /oi “ii enoeiiue ae?oa”.

O iieieaiey A. N. Iooeeia noeeue ae?oaeau oaea eiie. Oaia ae?oaeau
caieiaao aaaeiia ianoi a oai?/anoaa aaeeeiai iiyoa. Iaeiaei ia ?aciuo
yoaiao aai aeecie e oai?/aneiai iooe yoa oaia iieo/aao ianeieueei eiia
iiyoe/aneia cao/aiea. A i?iecaaaeaieyo eeoeaeneiai ia?eiaea (iai?eia?, a
noeoioai?aiee “Ae?ocueyi”) ae?oaeaa iienuaaaony i?aeiouanoaaiii a
aiae?aiioianeeo oiiao aanoaaaoiiai a?oiiiaiai aanaeuey,
ia?aiaaeathuaainy iano?iaieyie yeaae/aneie oinee e a?onoe. Oaia
ae?oaeaneie ie?ooee, “aaea i?inoi?ai e?oa ainoae, a e?oaeie aooueie
oanai” (“Aanaeue ie?”), aeecea na?aeoeo iieiaeiai iiyoa e iinea auoiaea
ec eeoeay. Iaeiaei ii oaea iiciae yoaia?iinoue iiaeiaiuo ?aaeinoae e
ioiioaiee. A noeoioai?aiee “Ae?oaeaa” (1824 a.) iiyo aeoaiei
caaeoiuaaaony iaae oai, /oi ninoaaeyao nooue ae?oaeaneeo ioiioaiee.

*oi ae?oaeaa? Eaaeee iue iioiaeuey,

Iaeaeu aieueiue ?acaiai?,

Iaiai ouaneaaey, aacaeaeuey

Eeue iie?iaeoaeuenoaa iici?.

Aeey c?aeiai Iooeeia “aeaaeainoai ae?oaeau” ia i?inoi a?aiy,
i?iaaaeaiiia ca aooueeie e i?acaeiui ?acaiai?ii, a “i?etho ethaae e
aieueiuo ioc, aaea n ieie eeyoaith acaeiiie ne?aieee aa/iue iu nithc…”
( “Ec ienueia e ss. I. Oienoiio”)”. Ae?ocuey a iiieiaiee iiyoa – yoi
oaea ia i?inoi oiaa?eue aeaoneeo ea? e thiioaneeo ie?ia, eioi?ui “aeaiu
ceaoua aeie, ceaoua ii/e””, ia i?inoi aanaeua, eioa?aniua niaanaaeieee,
a i?aaeaea anaai aaeeiiiuoeaiieee.

Iooeei nayoi aa?eo a ia?ooeiinoue ae?oaeaneeo naycae, niiniaiuo
i?ioeainoiyoue anaio ie?oaeathuaio ie?o:

Ae?ocuey iie, i?ae?anai iao nithc!

Ii eae aeooa ia?acaeaeei e aa/ai

Iaeieaaei, naiaiaeai e aania/ai

N?anoaeny ii iiae naiueth ae?oaeiuo ioc.

Eoaea au ian ie a?ineea noaeueaeia,

E n/anoea eoaea a ie iiaaei,

Ana oa aea iu: iai oeaeue ie? /oaeaeia;

Ioa/anoai iai Oea?neia Naei.

I?eaaaeaiiue io?uaie – ec noeoioai?aiey “19 ieoya?y”, iaienaiiiai
iacaaeieai aei ainnoaiey ia Naiaoneie ieiuaaee.

Aa?iinoue naaoeui eaeaaeai thiinoe e ae?oaeau – aaaeiaeoay i?aanoaaiiay
oeaiiinoue e i?eioeei iooeeineiai iieieaiey. Iaaea?ii ia?auaiiua e
aeaeaa?enoai iooeeineea neiaa “Ai aeoaeia neae?neeo ?oae o?aieoa ai?aeia
oa?iaiuea” i?yii ia?aeeeeathony n “I?iuaeueiie ianiueth ainieoaiieeia
Oea?neinaeueneiai eeoeay”, iaienaiiie A. A. Aeaeueaeaii e eniieiaiiie ia
auioneiii aeoa:

O?aieoa, i ae?ocuey, o?aieoa

Oo ae ae?oaeao n oith aea aeooie,

Oi ae e neaaa neeueiia no?aieaiuea,

Oi ae i?aaaea – aea, iai?aaaea – iao,

A ian/anouea ai?aeia oa?iaiuea,

E a n/anouea – anai ?aaii i?eaao! ”

Iiaeao ee ioaoe auoue ae?oaii nuio e iaiai?io?

N iaeiie noi?iiu “Aea”, a n ae?oaie. Ioaoe aeieaeai ?oeiaiaeeoue naiei
nuiii, aeieaeai auoue aeey iaai aaoi?eoaoii, a oi a?aiy eae a?aouey a
aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa ia i?eciatho ae?oa ca ae?oaii iiaeiaiuo i?aa.
Ae?oaeaa o?aaoao ?aaainoaa. Ioiioaiey ioaoe – nui i?aaeiieaaatho ionoue
anaai eeoue iioaioeeaeueiia, ii ia?aaainoai. Auaatho iiiaiou, eiaaea
ioaoe /oanoaoao naay ae?oaii naiaai nuia e ia aniiieiaao i naiae ?iee
?oeiaiaeeoaey. Ii anee aae?oa nui iiaae naay iaaeinoieii eee iiiae a
iianioth neooaoeeth, ioaoe aeieaeai aniiiieoue i naiai iooeianeii
aeieaa.

I?aanoaaiiay noi?iia ae?oaeau.

Ethaee Ae?aaiaai ie?a, a a iniaaiiinoe ie?a aioe/iiai, ia aa?eee a
aano?aeoiua eaeaaeu, aeaeaeea io aeecie e iaauiieieiua. Iie aiyeenue
oaiaoecia. Ia aeiaa?yee eceeoiae naioeiaioaeueiinoe. E iiyoiio oae
auniei noaaeee ae?oaeao. Eai a ae?oaeaa ?annoiyiea iaaeaeo eaeaaeii e
?aaeueiinoueth i?aaeaeueii ei?ioeia. A ae?oaeaa iaeuecy i?iaicaeaoaoue
iaeii, a aeaeaoue ae?oaia. Ae?oaeaa niaethaeaao aeiaiai?u e n/eoaao,
/oi iieo/eoue aeiaa?ea ae?oaa iiaeii, oieueei caneoaeea aai. Ae?oaeaa
iiaeao auoue oieueei /anoiie, ene?aiiae, ioe?iaaiiie. Ae?oa oi/ao iai
aeia?a ia ia neiaao, a ia aeaea, ii anaaaea ?yaeii a o?oaeioth ieiooo. A
oio, eiio ae?oa iiiiaaao, ia aeieaeai iieueciaaoueny yoei a ei?unoiuo
oeaeyo eee iaaeiaaeaoue ecuyaeaieyie naiae aeaaiaea?iinoe. Ae?oaeaa ia
oa?ieo iaiaia, ia aeiioneaao ceiiaia?aiiuo iinooieia. Ieeiaaea, ie i?e
eaeeo oneiaeyo. A ae?oaeaa ioaeii oiaoue oaeaeaoue aeinoieinoaa ae?oaiai
e ioeaieoue eo. Ae?oa – anaaaea /aeiaae ioe?uoue, aeeciaethaeaue,
aanaeue. Ii ia iiaeao auoue caioaeie, i?enoaaaeie. Ae?oa ia aeieaeai
auoue e neeoeii uaae?ui, inuiaoue ian iiaea?eaie, eia/a ii aucuaaao a
ian iio?aaiinoue iinoiyiii ioaa/aoue aio oai aea, a a ?acoeueoaoa iaae
iaie iinoiyiii oyaioaao /oanoai iaiiea/aiiiai aeieaa. Ae?oaeaa aeieaeia
auoue anoanoaaiiie e eaaeie aeaaea oiaaea, eiaaea niaa?oathony
aa?ie/aneea iinooiee. Ae?oa anaaaea aiai?eo a ioaao ia aeaaiaea?iinoue:
“Ia ca /oi”. Aeaaea anee ii ?eneiaae aeeciueth. Oaeiau eaeaaeu ae?oaeau.
Iia ia o?aaoao, /oiau ae ioaeaee an?, ia canoaaeyao oeaeiaaoue
i?ieaaeaiiuo, eaeanaeaeaoaeuenoaiaaoue a noaea. Aeey iaa ia
iaycaoaeueii aeaaea, /oiau ae?ocuey aeeee aianoa. Ii oi, /oi iia
o?aaoao, aeieaeii auoue auiieiaii iaoeinieoaeueii. Anee aea o?aaiaaiey
ae?oaeau ia auiieiythony, iia auiineo inoaeaeathuee i?eaiai?. A inoaeea
iaeiaaeaeu, a?yae ee oaea eiaaea-ieaoaeue i?inoeo. Ae?oaeaa ia
iaeacuaaao, ia oa?iaeaao, ia i?eaaaaao e ?ai?anneyi eee oaioaaeo. Iia
i?inoi en/acaao. Anee a? eaeaae ia inouanoaeyaony, ae?oaeaa ooiaeeo.
Iiaeao auoue, ie a iaeiii oeia /aeiaa/aneeo ioiioaiee ?aaeueiia ia
i?eaeeaeaaony ianoieueei e eaeaaeueiiio, eae a ae?oaeaa. Oaia?ue au
iiieiaaoa, ii/aio ae?oaeaa oae ?aieia e ii/aio oae iiiai ethaeae
?aci/a?iauaathony a iae. Iie ia oioyo i?eieiaoue i?aaeea a? ea?u.

Ioeaathony e oa, eoi ooaa?aeaeaao, /oi ae?oaeaa, nouanoaiaaaoay a
aeaeaeii i?ioeii, en/acea a nia?aiaiiii ie?a. Ae?oaeaa nouanoaiaaea a
yiioo Eiioooeey e i?iaeieaeaao nouanoaiaaoue iiiuia. O ian iao ieeaeeo
iniiaaiee aeoiaoue, /oi a aoaeouai iia en/aciao. I?inoi o ae?oaeau
oaeay eaeaaeueiay iiaeaeue, eioi?ie iaycaoaeueii ioaeii neaaeiaaoue. E a
caaeneiinoe io oiai, ianeieueei iu aoaeai neaaeiaaoue yoie iiaeaee, ie?
aoaeao iaiieiyoueny aeey ian ae?ocueyie, eioi?ua anaaaea aoaeoo
aea?eoue iai ?aaeinoue.

*ai iiiaia?aiiaa /aeiaae, oai o?oaeiaa aio iaeoe ae?oaiai, eioi?ue aue
au nicao/ai n iei ai anao ioiioaieyo. Ionthaea ecaanoiay
aeeooa?aioeeaoeey ae?oaeaneeo ioiioaiee, eiaaea n iaeiei ec ae?ocae ian
naycuaatho iauea eioaeeaeooaeueiua eioa?anu, n ae?oaei ainiiieiaiey
iieiaeinoe, n o?aoueei – ynoaoe/aneea ia?aaeeaaiey. Eaaeaeia ec oaeeo
ioiioaiee eiaao naie a?aieoeu, eioi?uo ethaee i?aaeii/eoatho ia
ia?aoiaeeoue. Iaeiaei yoi ia iaoaao ae?oaeaa auoue aeoaieie, ene?aiiae
e onoie/eaie.

Nouanoaotho i?aaeaeu, nouanoaoao iaeee ii?ia, eioi?ue ieeoi ia aeieaeai
ia?anooiaoue. Iu ia iiaeai o?aaiaaoue io iaoaai ae?oaa, /oiau ii ?aaee
ian niaa?oee /oi-ieaoaeue iaaeinoieiia, iai?eia? eaeanaeaeaoaeuenoaiaae
au a iaoo iieueco a noaea. Anee iu o?aaoai yoiai, oi ia?ooaai iniiaiua
i?aaeea ae?oaeau e ia?anoaai aanoe naay oae, eae iiaeiaaao ae?oao.
Ae?oaeaa oeaeeeii aace?oaony ia ioeaii/iuo e?eoa?eyo e ia
ni?aaaaeeeainoe. Eae oieueei iie oo?a/eaathony, io ae?oaeau ie/aai ia
inoaaony.

Ooaa?aeaeaiea aaeeinoaaiiinoe, ian?aaiaiiinoe ae?oaa ?aaiineeueii
i?eciaieth aai aaniethoiie oeaiiinoe. E a oii iaeiia?aiaiii –
i?aanoaaiiue eiia?aoea e ineoieiae/aneay nouiinoue ae?oaeau.

O iaiy anoue ae?oa, y ethaeth –

cia/eo, y nouanoaoth.

I.I?eoaei.

E e o a ? a o o ? a:

_______________________________________________

1. Aaa?eeiaa O.I., Iiiyoea yiiaoee a ca?oaaaeiie ineoieiaee, AI-75 ?2

2. Aiciai E.ss., Ineoieiaey yiioeeiiaeueiuo ioiioaiee, IAO 1987.

3. Aeoaianeay A.I., Oeaiianeay E.I., E aii?ino i ?iee i?e ?acee/iuo
oneiaeyo acaeiiaeaenoaey a ia?a., A ei. Ineoieiae/aneea i?iaeaiiu
iao/aiey.

4. Eii E.N., Ae?oaeaa. (ineoieiai-yoe/aneee i/a?e), I 1987.

5. Eii E.N., Ineoieiaey ?aiiae thiinoe., I 1989.

6. Eii E.N., Ineoieiaey thiioaneie ae?oaeau., I 1973.

7. Iie?ianeee (iiae ?aae.), Eaae?eiou iaeeii/anoaa., Nai?iee
aia?eeaineeo noaoae.

8. Iooeei A.N., Nia?. ni/. A 10-oe o., I.-E. 1949, o.2.

9. O?eaeiai E.I., Eoeaaeia E.TH., Ineoieiae/aneee ni?aai/iee o/eoaey., I
1991.

10. Francesco Alberoni, Ae?oaeaa e Ethaiaue., I 1991.

___________________________________

* * *

– PAGE 19 –

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