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Проблемы теории морали

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Ieienoa?noai ia?aciaaiey ?O

Oaiaianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao

Eaoaae?a: Naycae n iauanoaaiiinoueth

?aoa?ao

I?iaeaiu oai?ee ii?aee

Auiieieee nooaeaiou A-42

Aeieo?eaa A.I.

Noeaiia E.A.

Neiioeia A.A.

I?iaa?ee i?aiiaeaaaoaeue

Aieiaaoei A.A.

Oaiaia 2000

Niaea?aeaiea

Aaaaeaiea

Iniaaiiinoe ii?aee

Ia?aaeienu ii?aee

I?iaeaia eiioeeeoa yiioeeiiaeueiiai e ?aoeeiiaeueiiai

Ianoi yoeee a o/aiee Eiioooeey

Cieioay na?aaeeia Aoaeaeu

Caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai Iienay, aai niune e iniiaiua i?eioeeiu

Iooaiiaae: iao aiaa e?iia Aeeaoa

Caeeth/aiea

AAAAeAIEA

*oi oaeia ii?aeue?

Ia oae aeaaii i?e anai iaeeee oi/ae c?aiey iaeii eacaeinue ianiiiaiiui:
ii?aeue – yoi, ?acoiaaony, i?aaeaea anaai iaeanoue eiie?aoiuo
iaae/aeiaa/aneeo ioiioaiee. Ioiioaiee ia ?aaioa, a naiuea, a auoo,
ioiioaiee ee/iinoe e o?oaeiaiio eieeaeoeao, e nioeeaeueiie a?oiia, e
eeanno, e eioi?iio iia i?eiaaeeaaeeo, iaeiiaoe e ia?iaeo. Ana, eacaeinue
au, ynii. Ii aio iu ?ane?uaaai ieii e… iaia?oaeeaaai, /oi ai aeai?a
ia?ieoea enoycaao ninaaeneoth eioeo. Anoue ee o ian aeinoaoi/iua
iniiaaiey aiai?eoue i aaci?aanoaaiiinoe oaeiai iinooiea?

Anee enoiaeeoue ec iiieiaiey ii?aee oieueei eae iniaaiiiai oeia
ioiioaiee iaaeaeo ethaeueie, iieo/aaony, /oi oaeeo iniiaaiee, a
iauai-oi, e iao. Eiia/ii, e aac yoiai iiaeii iaeoe iiaiae aeey oiai,
/oiau oeacaoue ia?ieoea ia iaaeaaiaeaeiinoue aai iiaaaeaiey: eioea-oi ia
aai, a ninaaeneay, e?iia oiai, ia iae iiaoo auoue aeioe. E oiio aea, eae
?aciiii ioia/aaony a o/aaieeao, iiaeiaiia ioiioaiea e aeeaioiui
oi?ie?oao io?eoeaoaeueiua /a?ou oa?aeoa?a, o/eo aeanoieinoe a ioiioaieyo
n ethaeueie. Ana yoi, ?acoiaaony, aa?ii. Ii ?acaa enoycaiey aeeaioiuo
naii ii naaa oaea ia anoue aeanoieinoue? Io?aoeaoeny io anao aiciiaeiuo
iineaaenoaee e ?anniao?eaay aeaiiue iinooiie eae oaeiaie, ni?inei naay:
iau/iia ee coi aaneoeueoo?uean eee aea ii?aeueiia cei?

Iiiaaeiaeeinue iuiaoiaa iaino?aiea yeieiae/aneie neooaoeee,
iiiaaeiaeeanue “E?aniay eieaa” e i?iieeiiaaiiue aiein nia?aiaiiiai
eneonnoaa, /oiau oaeoii iauanoaaiiiai nicaeaiey noaei aaconeiaiia
aeeth/aiea a noa?o ii?aee ioiioaiee /aeiaaea e naiei “a?aoueyi
iaiueoei”, e i?e?iaea eae oaeiaie. I?aeoe/aneia ?acaeoea yoeo ioiioaiee
aeaeaao i/aaeaeiui, /oi nio?aieoue i?e?iaeo iaaiciiaeii, anee
ioiineoueny e iae eae e “eeaaeiaie” iieaciuo aauae, nu?ueaauo e i?i/eo
?ano?nia. Yeiiiiiue, oicyeneee iiaeoiae e eniieueciaaieth yoeo ?ano?nia
iaiaoiaeei, ii iaania/eoue aeaenoaeoaeueii aunieee o?iaaiue caaiou i
i?e?iaea oieueei oiaaea, eiaaea iao/einy aeaeaoue e oaaaeaoue a iae
naiinoiyoaeueioth, ie e /aio eiiio ia naiaeeioth oeaiiinoue,
naiaia?acioth – “i?aanoaaiioth ee/iinoue”.

Iiaeiaiui ia?acii a noa?o iaiin?aaenoaaiiie eiiiaoaioeee ii?aee ia iaoeo
aeacao aeeth/aaony ioiioaiea /aeiaaea e enoi?ee e e eoeueoo?a, e
i?ioeiio e aoaeouaio, e i?iaeaiai aieiu e ie?a… E yoi ia neo/aeii. A
iniiaa oaeay oieaa?naeecaoeey i?aanoaaiiuo naycae – iauaeoeaiia ?acaeoea
niauoee, i?iaoaeaeathuaa niciaiea aeaenoaaiiiai /aeiaa/aneiai nio/anoey
a noaeueaao ie?a. Anee e ?aiueoa ethaee ia?auaeenue e i?e?iaea, /oiau
ianeaaeeoueny a? e?anioaie, iaeoe a iae nianaiea e iieie naiie i?e?iaea.
Iiaeiaiua eciaiaiey e i?eaiaeyo a iineaaeiea aiaeu e auaeaeaeaieth ia
ia?aaeiee ieai ie?iaicc?ai/aneiai, oi/iaa, ie?iioiioai/aneiai aniaeoa
i?aanoaaiiinoe.

?anniio?aiiiio i?ioeanno ?anoe?aiey noa?u eiiiaoaioeee ii?aee, auyaeaiey
a? ooiaeaiaioaeueiuo ie?iaicc?ai/aneeo e ie?iioiioai/aneeo iniia
niioaaonoaoao ano?a/iay oaiaeaioeey yoecaoeee nianoaaiii /aeiaa/aneiai
ioiioaiey e ?aaeueiinoe, n?aaeioi/eai eioi?iai yaeyaony
i?aaeiaoii-i?aeoe/aneia i?aia?aciaaiea ie?a. I?e/eiu, aucaaaoea e aeecie
yoo oaiaeaioeeth, oaeaea i/aaeaeiu. Iaeiieaiiue /aeiaa/anoaii
i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oaoiieiae/aneee e iao/iue iioaioeeae a iaoa a?aiy
aia?aua aeinoeaaao oaeiai o?iaiy, i?e eioi?ii ieacuaaaony aiciiaeiui
?aaeeeaeueiia eciaiaiea oaeoi?ia, eaaeaueo a iniiaa /aeiaa/aneie
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe. Iie?aynue ia yoio iioaioeeae, /aeiaae niiniaai
aeiaeaaoueny iaaeaeaiiuo oniaoia ia iooe ananoi?iiiaai e aa?iiie/aneiai
?acaeoey e aianoa n oai niiniaai aacaica?aoii iiaoaeoue naiiai naay e
naith oeeaeeecaoeeth aneaaenoaea yaea?iie aieiu eee aeiaaeueiie
yeieiae/aneie eaoano?iou.

1 Iniaaiiinoe ii?aee

N?aaee oaei, eioi?ua iicia?o e i?iaeieaaaao a nai?i iiuoa /aeiaae, naiie
iaiinoeaeeiie yaeyaony ii nai. *oi oaeia /aeiaae, ioeoaea e ca/ai ii?
Nouanaotho ?aciiia?aciua, acaeiieneeth/athuea ioaaou ia yoe aii?inu – io
i?eciaiey oiai, /oi /aeiaae anoue nicaeaiea aiaa, aaiaoe ie?icaeaiey,
aei ooaa?aeaeaiey i oii, /oi ii yaeyaony ioeaeie yaiethoeee, aeaciaiiie
iooaoeeae i?e?iaeu. Ia ?anniao?eaay eiioeaioeee /aeiaaea ii nouanoao,
caiaoei: naii eo acaeiieneeth/athuaa iiiaiia?acea yaeyaony au?aaeaieai
iaeioi?tho ioee/eoaeueiuo iniaaiiinoae auoey.

AEeciaaeaoaeueiinoue anao aeeauo nouanoa, aeeth/ay oao aunoeo aeeaioiuo,
eioi?ua a yaiethoeeiiiii ?yaeo noiyo aeecei e /aeiaaeo e n/eoathony
?iaenoaaiiuie aio, ca?aiaa cai?ia?aiie?iaaiia: iia niaea?aeeo a naaa
naith nianoaaiioth ii?io. *aeiaae ninoaaeyao eneeo/aiea, aai
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoue ia cai?ia?aiie?iaaia. A aai iiaaaeaiee iao ieeaeie
i?aaecaaeaiiinoe. Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua aa?eaoeee iiaaaeaiey, ii?ie
aieueoea, iaaethaeathony e o aeeaioitho. Iaeiaei oei iiaaaeaiey o ieo
i?aaecaaeai. Iu ciaai, /oi a neo/aa ii?iaeueiiai ?acaeoey iieo/eony ec
iaeaiueeiai yai?iea eee iaeaiueeiai aie/?iea. Ii iu ieeiaaea ia iiaeai n
oaa?aiiinoueth neacaoue, /oi iieo/eony ec iaeaiueeiai /aeiaa/ueea. Ec
iaai iiaeao iieo/eoueny an? /oi oaiaeii. E eiaaea i?i iaeiiai aiai?yo,
/oi ii iioiae ia yai?iea, ae?oaiai iacuaatho oeuieeii, o?aoueaai
n?aaieaatho ni cia?e e o. ae. – yoi aieueoa, /ai oeao?aeueiua
au?aaeaiey. *aeiaae aeea?o ii ii?iai eioi?ua ii nai naaa caaea?o. Aai
aeaenoaey iinyo oeaeaniia?aciue oa?aeoa?, oi anoue ii aeaenoaoao
niia?acii oeaeyi, eioi?ua ia?aae niaie noaaeo. Oeaeue iiaeii iacaaoue
i?e/eiie, eioi?ay iaoiaeeony ia ncaaee, a a ia?aaee, aeaia eae au ia aei
neaaenoaey, a iinea ia?. *aeiaae nai caaea?o iniiaaiey, i?e/eiu naiaai
iiaaaeaiey.

?aciua ethaee e iaeei e oioaea /aeiaae a ?aciia a?aiy iiaoo niaa?oaoue
?aciua, acaeiieneeth/athuea iinooiee. Ai?ii ai?iio aeac ia aueethao, –
aiai?eo ?onneay iineiaeoea aeeaioiui i?enou a?iaeae?iiue cai?ao a?aoi
oaeenoaa. Ei naienoaaiiu enoeeoeaiua oi?iiciua iaoaieciu,
ia?aie/eaathuea i?yaeaiey aa?anneaiinoe i?ioea i?aaenoaaeoaeae naiaai
neaea. O /aeiaaea ie/aai yoiai iao eee ineaaeaii aei i/aiue iianiiai
i?aaeaea. Ec aeaeee iai ecaanoii: Eaei oaee Aaaey. A?ao oaeaaao a?aoa.
Nouanoaotho oeceieiae/aeea iaoaieciu, a neeo eioi?uo i?iyaeaiey aeecie
yaeythony enoi/ieeii i?eyoiuo iuouaiee, a i?iyaeaiey nia?oe(oaean ia
eeoea, aeae e?iae e o.ae.) ii?iaeaetho einoeieoeaiia ioa?auaiea. *aeiaae
iiaeao i?aiaeieaaaoue e yoe ia?aie/aiey aei oaeie noaiaie, /oi niiniaai
?aaeiaaoueny no?aaeaieyi ( oaiiiaiu naaeecia eee iacioecia). *aeiaae
anoue ia an? niiniaiay oaa?ue – yoi noaeaeaiea ienaoaey e nioeeieiaa
A.A. Ceiiaueaaa yaeyaony a oaeie aea ia?a no?iaie ioeaieie, a eaeie e
aani?eno?anoiie eiinoaoaoeeae oaeoa.

Ae?oaei aniaeoii ioia/aiiie iniaaiiinoe /aeiaa/aneiai auoey yaeyaony oi,
/oi /aeiaae iaoiaeeony a i?ioeanna iai?a?uaiiai noaiiaeaiey. Ii anaaaea
no?aieony noaoue eiui, /ai ii anoue ia naiii aeaea, iiaeiyony iaae naiei
niaie. Ii iinoiyiii iaaeiaieai niaie, iao?aaaai aeaeaieai auoue ae?oaei,
aueoe ca naie a?aieoeu. Iaaieaa i/aaeaeii e aucuaathua yoi
iaia?oaeeaaony a ioiioaiee e nia?oe. *aeiaae nia?oai, eae e an?
i?e?iaeiia. Ie/oi ia iiaeao ioiaieoue yoiai oaeoa, ieeiio e ieeiaaea ia
oaeaaaeinue iaieoe aai. Ano?a/a eiaeeaeaea n nianoaaiiie nia?oueth
aaniethoii iaieioaia. Oai ia iaiaa /aeiaae ia iiaeao i?eiyoue yoiai
oaeoa, aoiooao i?ioea iaai, a?inaao aio aucia. No?aieaiea e aannia?oeth
– niaoeeoe/aneia no?aieaiea /aeiaaea.

Iaei neacaoue: /aeiaae ia oiaeaeanoaai naiiio naaa. Neaaeoao aeiaaaeoue:
yoo ia oiaeaeanoaaiiinoue ii aini?eieiaao eae iaaeinoaoie. Ii aeaeaeei
aeaeaieai auoue ae?oaei, ii yoi ninoiyiea aa/iiai noaiiaeaiey ii ia
iiaeao i?eiyoue eae ii?io. Ii a oi aea a?aiy aeaeaao inaiaiaeeoueny io
aeaeaiey auoue ae?oaei. *aeiaaeo naienaaiii i?aaenoaaeyoue aeeciiue a
aeaea ea?a?oee, ieaeiae oi/eie eioi?ie yaeyaony ?anoeoaeueiue e
aeeaioiue ie?, a aa?oiae – iaeia aeiioaoe/aneia, eaeaaeueiia ninoiyiea
eiaioaiia iaeiei aiaii, ae?oaeie – eiiioieciii , o?aoueeie – oi/eie
iiaaie e o.ae. Nai /aeiaae a yoie ea?a?oee iaoiaeeony iina?aaeeia. Ii ia
aieco e ia iaaa?oo . Ii ia eanoieoea, eioi?ay aaae?o nieco aaa?o. I?e
iienaiee iniaaiiinoe /aeiaa/aneiai auoey a oeeinioee iaiieaoiiecia
eniieueciaaeny ia?ac /aeiaaea, eioi?ue ii iiyn iaoiaeeony a aiaea , ii
no?aieony aueoe ec ia?. *aeiaae caieiaao a einiina n?aaeeiiia iieiaeaiea
e ii ii?aaeaeaieth yaeyaony iacaaa?o?iiui nouanoaii. No?aieaiea e
caaa?oaieth, eioi?ia iiaeao auoue iacaaii iaeiia?aiaiii e no?aieaieai e
niaa?oainoao, – ioee/eoaeueiay iniaaiiinoue /aeiaaea. Ii?aeue e anoue
ioiioaiea /aeiaaea e naaa a ia?niaeoeaa nianoaaiiiai no?aieaiey e
niaa?oainoao, eaeaaeo .

Yoa caieioioinue ia eaeaae, niaa?oainoaa au??aaeaaony a oii, /oi a
/aeiaa/aneeo iioeaao e niioaaonoaothueo ei aeaenoaeyo anoue ieano,
eioi?ue ia iiaeao iieo/eoue yiie?e/anee aeieacaoaeueiiai iaueyniaiey, ia
oiauaaony a a?aieoeu caeiia i?e/eiiinoe e i?eioeeia iieaciinoe. *aeiaae
, eae oaea ioia/aeinue, ia oi/ao ie?eoueny ni nia?oueth. Yoi – caeii
i?e?iaeu. Iaeiaei iu ciaai iiiai neo/aaa, eiaaea ethaee eaeoo ia nia?oue
ca naie oaaaeaeaiey, n/eoay eo aaaeiaa aeecie. Oaeie niinia iiaaaeaie iu
iacuaaai aa?ie/aneei. Ec aeaoo aiciiaeiuo aa?eaioia iiaaaeaiey a
aeciana, iaeei ec eioi?uo noeeo aeioiae a iaeei ieeeeii ?oaeae, a aoi?ie
a aeanyoue ?ac aieueoa, /aeiaae ecaa??o aoi?ie. Iaeiaei anoue iinooiee,
eioi?ua ii ia niaa?oeo ie ca eaeea aeaiueae. Iao oaeie ei?unoe, eioi?ay
ii?aaaeaea au i?aaeaoaeuenoai ae?oaa, eciaio ?iaeeia, iioiio /oi e
ae?oaeaa, e ethaiaue e ?iaeeia oeaiiu naie ii naaa. Iie aanei?unoiu.
Ii?aeue anoue oa iaeanoue aa?ie/aneiai e aanei?unoiiai a /aeiaaea ,
eioi?ay ia auaiaeeony ec ianoiyoaeuenoa e ia naiaeeony e iei, a eiaao
aaoiiiiiue, o.a. naiicaeiiiaeaoaeueiue oa?aeoa?. Iia aani?e/eiia e
iaooeeeoa?ia.

Iineieueeo oi/eie ion/aoa ii?aee yaeyaony iaeia eaeaaeueiia ninoiyiea,
eioi?ia ii ii?aaeaeaieth aaneiia/ii, iaen/a?iaaii niaa?oaiii , oi iia ia
iiaeao ia iaoiaeeoueny a io?eoeaoaeueiii ioiioaiee e ethaiio iaee/iiio
ninoiyieth, eioi?ia anaaaea eiia/ii, ia?aie/aiii. Ii?aeue a aa
eiie?aoiii au?aaeaiee iiyoiio anaaaea eiaao oa?aeoa? cai?aoia.
Iiceoeaiay oi?ioee?iaea a aeaiiii neo/aa icia/aea au ia?aaeien
nin/eoaiiie aaneiia/iinoe.

Yoio auaiae iiaeao aucaaoue aic?aaeaiey , oae eae nouanoaoao iaiaei
yoe/aneeo i?aaeeiaeaiee, caeeth/athueo iiceoeaiia niaea?aeaiea e
eiathueo oi?io i?aaeienaiee. Iie iaeiaei, anaaaea yaeythony ianoieueei
iaueie, iaii?aaeaeaiiuie, /oi eo iiaeii ?anniao?eaaoue eae aa?eaoeee
iaeiiai- aaeeinoaaiiiai o?aaiaaiey – o?aaiaaiey auoue ii?aeueiui.
No?iaee, eiie?aoiue e, naiia aeaaiia, i?iaa?yaiue niune eiatho oiieee
eii/ee oee?eoey yaeyaony neeoeii oienoui aeey iaoaiaoe/aneie oi/ee.
Oi/ii oae aea ?aaeueii i?aeoeeoaiua ii?iu ia iiaoo n/eoaoueny
aiieiuaieai ii?aee. Eiaeeaeaeu e eo iinooiee ioee/athony ae?oa io ae?oaa
oieueei ia?ie ii?aeueiiai ianiaa?oainoaa.

A /aeiaaea, ia/eiay n ae?aaiinoe,auaeaeythony o?e ninoaaeythuea: oaei,
aeooa, aeoo. Ii?aeue yaeyaony oa?aeoa?enoeeie aeooe. Ia oaea. Ia aeooa.
A aeooe. N iaeiie noi?iiu, nouanoaotho aooaeou, i?e?iaeiua einoeieou e
no?aieaiey – ana oi, /oi nii?yaeaiii n oaeiaieuenoaeyie e no?aaeaieyie.
N ae?oaie noi?iiu, nouanoaoao nica?oeaoaeueiay aeayoaeueiinoue,
auaiaeyuay /aeiaaea a /enoua noa?u aaniethoiiai. Ia?aia aiieiuaaony ai
anae i?aaiaoeea aeecie. Aoi?ia – a aunoeo oi?iao aeooiaiie
aeayoaeueiinoe, eneonnoaa, oeeinioee, ?aeeaee. Aeooa anoue ieineinoue
ia?ana/aiey e aeooa, eo ia?aoiae ae?oa a ae?oaa. Yoi – ia aooaeou, a
niiniaiinoue iineaaeieo neooaoueny oeacaiee aeooa eae aunoae einoaioeee.
Yoi – e ia aeoo, a aai niiniaiinoue auoue oi?aaeythuei ia/aeii ii
ioiioaieth e aooaeoai. Oaei i?eaycuaaao /aeiaaea e caiea, ne?o/eaaao aai
ia?acii iaianuoiuo aeaeaiee, aeooii ii nica?oeaao aa/ii. Aeooa
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie niaaeeiaiea iaeiiai n ae?oaei, iia oa?aeoa?ecoao
/aeiaaea a aai aeaeaeaiee io iecoaai e aunoaio, io aeeaioiiai e aiao, io
eiia/iiai e aaneiia/iiai. Ea/anoaaiiia ninoiyiea aeooe au?aaeaaony a
ii?aee. Iiaeiaii oiio eae aeoo auaaao enoeiiui eee eiaeiui, oaei
neeueiui eee neaaui, oae e aeooa auaaao aeia?ie eee ceie. Aiana ia
neo/aeii ia?aciue no?ie eoeueoo?u naycuaaao aeooo e ii?aeue n iaeiei e
oai aea /aeiaa/aneei i?aaiii – na?aeoeai.

*ai aea ii?aaeaeyaony oi eee eiia ninoiyiea aeooe, a nianoaaiii
ii?aeueiua ea/anoaa /aeiaaea? A ieaoiiianeii aeeaeiaa “Oaaeii”
?anneacuaaaony ieo, niaeanii eioi?iio aeooe ethaeae iinea nia?oe
aiieiuathony a aeeaioiuo niioaaonoaaiii oai iaaueai, eioi?ua iie
iaia?oaeeee a naiae /aeiaa/aneie aeecie. Oa eoi aue neeiia e
/?aaioaiaeeth, aanioonoao e iueyinoao, ia?aeaeoo a ii?iaeo ineia eee
iiaeiaiuo ei aeeaioiuo. Oa eoi i?aaeii/eoae iani?aaaaeeeainoue,
aeanoiethaea e oeuie/anoai, ia?aeaeoo a aieeia, ei?ooiia e yno?aaia. A
eaeia aea aoaeao oaeae ethaeae aeia?iaeaoaeueiuo, ?annoaeeoaeueiuo e
ni?aaaaeeeauo? Iie, aa?iyoiae anaai, ieaaeoony n?aaee i/ae, in e
io?aaueaa eee auoue iiaeao, aa?ioony e /aeiaa/aneiio ?iaeo, ii a ethaii
neo/aa n?aaea iaeoaiey aoaeao iaueoaeueiay e nie?iay. A ia?aciie oi?ia
Ieaoii au?acee aaaeioth enoeio: oa?aeoa? /aeiaaea, ea/anoai aai aeooe
ii?aaeaeyaony oa?aeoa?ii aai ioiioaiee n ae?oaeie ethaeueie. Naie yoe
ioiioaiey, a niioaaonoaaiii /aeiaa/aneay aeooa noaiiaeony
aeia?iaeaoaeueiie a oie ia?a, a eaeie iie ieacuaathony nie?iuie,
naea?aeaiiuie, oia?aiiuie. Ethaiiuoii caiaoeoue, /oi, niaeanii Ieaoiio,
aeia?iaeaoaeueiinoe iaaeinoaoi/ii aeey oiai, /oiau iiianoue a ?iae
aiaia. Aeey yoiai aua noaoue oeeinioii. Ieaoii oai naiui iaicia/aao
?acee/ea iaaeaeo aeooie e ii?aeueth, n iaeiie noi?iiu, ?acoiii e
iiciaieai – n ae?oaie. Ii?aeue ioaaonoaaiia ca /aeiaa/aneia iauaaeeoea,
iia e anoue oi, /oi naycuaaao, niaaeeiyao /aeiaa/aneia iauaaeeoea,
aeaeaao aai aiciiaeiui. Aeey oiai /oiau iiaei ninoiyoueny /aeiaa/aneia
iauaaeeoea, iaiaoiaeeii iniciaoue aai a ea/anoaa ia?aioeaiiinoe. Yoi e
ninoaaeyao niaea?aeaiea ii?aee.

Ii?aeue eae iauanoaaiiay oi?ia ioiioaiee iaaeaeo ethaeueie, aeaeathuay
aiciiaeiui ana i?i/aa, i?aaeiaoii iaoneiaeaiiua iaaeaeo ieie, eae oaeia
iauaaeeiythuaa ia/aei, eioi?ia aeaii aeey i?ino?ainoaaiii – a?aiaiiie
?acaeaeaiiinoe ethaeae e i?ioeainoieo ae, iuneeia oieueei a nii?yaeaiee
ni naiaiaeie. Aeou naiaiaeu ii ii?aaeaeaieth yaeythony anaiaueie – ie/oi
ia iiaeao ei i?ioeainoiyoue e eo ia?aie/eaaoue. A i?ioeaiii neo/aa iie
ia auee au naiaiaeiuie. Ii?aeueiay anaiauiinoue, iineieueeo iia ia
n/eoaaony ie n eaeeie ia?aie/eaathueie aa ianoiyoaeuenoaaie, a ea/anoaa
naiaai iniiaaiey naiaiaeo. A i?ioeaiii neo/aa iia ia auea au
anaiauiinoueth. Ii?aeue i?enoua oieueei nouanoao, iaeaaeathueie
naiaiaeie aiee. Eee, aiai?y ii-ae?oaiio, oieueei iia iai iicaieyao
noaeeoue i iaee/ea naiaiaeiie aiee. Eae auei e?iie/ii caia/aii a enoi?ee
oeeinioee, eo/oaa aeieacaoaeuenoai nouanoaiaaiey naiaiaeu aiee ninoieo a
oii, /oi aac iaa iia au a?aoeoue. Yoi ino?ioiii, ii ia oi/ii. Aeey
iainiiaaiey ii?ieia iu ia ioaeaeaainy a iinooeaoa naiaiaeu aiee, eai
ii?iee eiatho naie, aiieia aeinoaoi/iua yiie?e/aneea i?e/eiu. Aii?in i
oii ii/aio /aeiaae a?aoeo, ii/aio ii neeiiai e iaiaio eee neoiinoe, ia
aucuaae ieeiaaea o?oaeiinoae a oai?ee, ie a iianaaeiaaiie i?aeoeea. Eiia
aeaei – aii?in i aeia?iaeaoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea, i oii, ii/aio ii
i?ioeainoieo eaee e no?aieaiey auoue uaae?ui. Ia yoi iaeuecy ioaaoeoue
aac aeiiouaiey naiaiaeu aiee. Aieaa oiai iiiyoea aeia?iaeaoaee oaea
niaea?aeeo a naaa oaeia aeiiouaiea, iineieueeo aanei?unoea, oi anoue
ianaycaiiinoue eaeei au oi ie auei auaiaeai e niaeaciai, aoiaeeo a aa
ii?aaeaeaiea.

Aaeeinoai naiaiaeu e anaiauiinoe ninoaaeyao oa?aeoa?ioth iniaaiiinoue
ii?aee. Ii?aeue ia eiaao ie /aai iauaai n i?iecaieii. O iaa anoue naiy
eiaeea, ia iaiaa no?iaay e iaycaoaeueiay, /ai eiaeea i?e?iaeiuo
i?ioeannia. Ii?aeue nouanoaoao a oi?ia caeiia. Ie? ii?aee iauacia/ei,
iauaeoeaai, iaiaoiaeei, ii yoi oaeay iauacia/eiinoue, iauaeoeaiinoue,
iaiaoiaeeiinoue, iooue e eioi?ie eaaeeo /a?ac aacaeio, eiaioaioth
naiaiaeie. Iniaaiiinoue ii?aee ninoieo a aaeeinoaa aeaoo
i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo iiethnia /aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe: aeia?iaieueii –
ee/iinoiiai e iauaeoeaii-oieaa?naeueiiai.

Eae aiciiaeii aaeeinoai ee/iinoiie aaoiiiiee e anaiaycuaathuae
iaiaoiaeeiinoe? Anee ii?aeue, iie?athuayny ia naiaiaeo aiee ee/iinoe,
yaeyaony anaiauei caeiiii, oi, ii e?aeiae ia?a, aeey anao ae?oaeo
ethaeae, e?iia aeaiiie ee/iinoe, iia ieacuaaaony i?aaecaaeaiiie,
iauaeoeaii i?aaeienaiiie. A oi aea a?aiy naia aeaiiay ee/iinoue
ieacuaaaony a ciia aeaenoaey i?aanoaaiiiai caeiia, i?aaeienaiiiai aio
ae?oaeie ee/iinoyie. Iieo/aaony ia?aaeien: aeou naiaiaeiie aiee ia iiaoo
ia auoue anaiaueie, ii, noaiiaynue anaiaueie, iie neiauaatho naiaiaeioth
aieth. Iineieueeo ii?aeue anoue i?iaeoeo iiae naiaiaeu, oi iia eiaao
oi?io anaiauiinoe. Ii i?eieiaaiay oi?ia anaiauaai caeiia, iia aiaoiei
ia?acii ia?aie/eaaao naiaiaeo ae?oaeo eiaeeaeaeia. Yoo aea iuneue iiaeii
au?aceoue eia/a: oae eae a iainiiaaiee ii?aee y ia iiao i?aaeuyaeoue
ie/aai, e?iia iiae aeia?ie aiee, oi yoi eae ?ac icia/aao, /oi o iaiy iao
iniiaaiee n/eoaoue aa caeiiii aeey ae?oaeo e oae ai anyeii neo/aa iao
iniiaaiee o?aaiaaoue io ieo, /oi au iie aaconeiaii i?eciaaaee
noi?ioee?iaaiiue iiie, oi anoue iie, ii?aeueiue ciae. Eee yoi iie caeii,
e oiaaea ii ia iiaeao auoue anaiauei. Eee yoi anaiauee caeii, e oiaaea
ii ia iiaeao auoue iiei.

Anee eneeth/eoue inaaaei?aoaiey, eioi?ua ninoiyee au a oii, /oiau
ioeacaoueny eee io eaeae anaiauiinoe ii?aee, eee io eaeae ee/iinoiie
aiaoiiee, oi auoiae ec icia/aiiie aeeeaiiu ninoieo a eiie?aoecaoeee
ee/iinoiie aaoiiiiee e anaiauaai caeiia i?eiaieoaeueii e ii?aee.
Ee/iinoue aaoiiiiia a oii niunea, /oi iia naia ecae?aao caeii naiaai
nouanoaiaaiey, iia, e oieueei iia inouanoaeyao auai? iaaeaeo i?e?iaeiie
iaiaoiaeeiinoueth e ii?aeueiui caeiiii. Ii?aeue yaeyaony anaiauei
caeiiii a oii niunea, /oi aa ie/oi ia ia?aie/eaaao; yoi – ia ?aaeueiay
anaiauiinoue, a eaeaaeueiay. Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiay aiey ieacuaaaony
naiaiaeiie ia oiaaea, eiaaea iia naia auaeaao ca anaiauaa, a oiaaea, a
eiaaea anaiauaa auae?aao a ea/anoaa naiaai. Naiaiaeiay aiey
oiaeaeanoaaiia ii?aeueiie aiea. Aiey noaiiaeony naiaiaeiie oiaaea,
eiaaea iia ieacuaaaony ii?aeueiie. Aaconeiaiue ii?aeueiue caeii,
iie?athueeny ia aaoiiiieth ee/iinoe, eiaao ?aciue niune aeey naiie
ee/iinoe e aeey ae?oaeo ethaeae. Aeey naiie ee/iinoe ii nouanoaoao
?aaeueii, aeey ae?oaeo – eaeaaeueii. Ii?aeueiay ee/iinoue aiaeee?oao e
anaiauaio caeiio, ia aeey /oiau i?aaeuyaeoue aai ae?oaei, a aeey oiai,
/oiau eca?aoue a ea/anoaa caeiia nianoaaiiie aeecie. Aac yoiai iia ia
iiaeao aeinoiaa?ii ciaoue, yaeyaony ee aa aiey aeaenoaeoaeueii
naiaiaeiie, ii?aeueiie.

Naiaiaea – ia oieueei iniiaaiea ii?aee, iia yaeyaony aianoa n oai e aa
i?ino?ainoaii. Oaeinoaaiiia iiea ee/iie aaoiiiiee /a?ac eioi?ia
inouanoaeyaony i?i?ua a noa?o ii?aeueiie iaiaoiaeeiinoe, yaeyaony aianoa
n oai e aa aaeeinoaaiiui eniuoaoaeueiui iieeaiiii. Iaycuaathuay neea
ii?aee iiin?aaeiaaia naiaiaeiui auai?ii. Yoi icia/aao ii?aeueiue caeii,
a ioee/ea io anao ae?oaeo o?aaiaaiee, ia aeiioneaao iieiaeeaeaeiiai
?acee/ey iaaeaeo noauaeoii e iauaeoii, /aeiaae neaaeoao oieueei oai
ii?aeueiui ii?iai, eioi?ua ii aioo?aia iaeia?yao, n/eoaao iaeeo/oeie. A
ii i?eieiaao a ea/anoaa iaeeo/oeo oieueei oa ii?aeueiua iiiu, eioi?ua ii
oioae au aeaeaoue a ea/anoaa ii?i naiae nianoaaiiie aeecie. Ioiioaiea
/aeiaaea e ii?aee – niaa?oaiii iniaaiiiai ?iaea: ii ia iiciaao ii?aeue,
ii i?iaeeaaao aa. I?ieeaie?iaaoue ii?aeue e i?aeoeeiaaoue aa nooue aeaa
iiiaioa iaeiiai e oiai aea i?ioeanna. Ii ia iiaoo auoue ?acaaaeaiu aac
oiai, /oiau ii?aeue ia iiaeaa?aaeanue aeoaieie aeaoi?iaoeee. Ia
/aeiaa/aneay oyaeanoue ii?aee iiaeao auoue ii?aaaeaia oieueei oai, /oi
/aeiaae aeia?iaieueii acaaeeaaao aa ia naay. Ii?aeue yoi oaeay ea?a, a
eioi?ie /aeiaae noaaeo ia eii naiiai naay. Nie?ao aue i?eioaeaeai
auieoue yae, Eenon O?enoin aue ?aniyo, Aeaei?aeaii A?oii aue niaeaeai,
Aaiaee aue oaeo. Oaeiau noaaee a yoie ea?a.

Oae eae ii?aeue i?aaeoanoaoao i?aaeaiaoii iaoneiaeaiiui ioiioaiea
ethaeae iia ia iiaeao eiaoue aaeaeaaoiiai i?aaeiaoiiai aiieiuaiey. Anee
au, aiai?ee oeeinio Aeoaiooaei, iu i?aaenoaaeee naaa aaniethoioth
ee/iinoue, iaeaaeathuoth anaaaaeaieai, oi a yoii oieaa?noia ciaiey ia
iaoeinue au ianoa yoe/aneei noaeaeaieyi. Ii?aeue aiai?eo ia i oii, /oi
auei, anoue eee aoaeao. Iia aiai?eo i oii, /oi aeieaeii auoue.
Ii?aeueiua ooaa?aeaeaiey iaeuecy i?iaa?eo ie ia aeinoiaa?iinoue, ie ia
i?aeoe/aneoth yooaeoeaiinoue. Ii?aeue ia oiauaaony ie a neiaao, ie a
iinooieao. Iia ecia?yaony oieueei oneeeyie, iai?aaeaiiua ia aa
inouanoaeaiea. Aio ii/aio ii?aeue eiaao naiiiaycuaathuee oa?aeoa?.

2 Ia?aaeienu ii?aee

Eoae, iiiyoea ii?aee iiaeii naanoe e neaaeothuei iniiaiui iiiyoeyi: a)
ii?aeue anoue no?aieaiea e niaa?oainoao; a) iia ia iiae/eiaia caeiio
i?e/eiiinoe e i?eioeeio iieaciinoe; a) eiie?aoiua au?aaeaiey ii?aee
aunooiatho a ea/anoaa cai?aoia; a) ii?aeue anoue niaa?oaiiia ninoiyiea
aeooe /aeiaaea; ae) iia oa?aeoa?ecoao niiniaiinoue /aeiaaea aeeoue
niiaua e i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iauanoaaiioth oi?io ioiioaiee iaaeaeo
ethaeueie; a) ii?aeue anoue aaeeinoai aaoiiiiee ee/iinoe e anaiauaai
caeiia; ae) iaeaieaa aaeaeaaoiie oi?iie ii?aeueiiai caeiia yaeyaony
cieioia i?aaeei i?aanoaaiiinoe; c) ii?aeueiue caeii ia aeiioneaao
?acaeaeaiea noauaeoa e iauaeoa aeaenoaey.

Iaeei ec o?oaeiaeoeo – e oai?aoe/aneeo e i?aeoe/aneeo i?iaeai yoeee
yaeyaony i?iaeaia ia?niieoeeaoeee ii?aee. A enoi?ee iunee e eoeueoo?u
ainiiaenoaiaae acaeyae, niaeanii eioi?iio iaeie eiaeeaeaeu yaeythony
aeia?uie, ii?aeueiuie, a ae?oaea ceuie, aii?aeueiuie, e iiyoiio ia?aua
aeieaeiu o/eoue aoi?uo. Yoi – iaeia ec naiuo ?ani?ino?aiaiiuo e eiaa?iuo
aeaoi?iaoeee ii?aee. ?anniio?ei aeaa oeie/iuo neo/ay oaeie aeaoi?iaoeee,
iieo/eaoeo iacaaiea ia?aaeienia ii?aeueiiai iiaaaeaiey e ii?aeueiie
ioeaiee.

Eeanne/aneie oi?ioee?iaeie ia?aaeiena ii?aeueiiai iiaaaeaiey n/eoatho
neiaa Iaeaeey: “Aeaaia aeaeo, oaaeth, ii e aeo?iiio aeaeonue”. *aeiaaeo
naienoaaiii no?aieoueny e eo/oaio aeey naay – aeaaiio, aeia?iio. A
aeaiiie neooaoeee, iaeiaei, i?ienoiaeeo iaiai?io: ii auae?aao ooaeoaa,
aeo?iia, eae au a?aaeeo naaa. Iieo/aaony: /aeiaae ciaao ii?aeue, ii ia
neaaeoao ae. Iia ia eiaao aeey iaai iaycuaathuaai niunea. Iiaeii ee a
yoii neo/aa n/eoaoue, /oi ii aeaenoaeoaeueii ciaao ii?aeue. Iao,
iaeuecy, eai o ian iao eiiai e?eoa?ey ii?aee, e?iia oneeee ii aa
inouanoaeaieth. A iienaiiie neooaoeee /aeiaae eeoue iieaaaao, oieueei
aeaeaao aeae, aoaeoi ii aeaeeo e iaeia?yao eo/oaa, aeaaia. Ia naiii
aeaea iaeuecy ciaoue ii?aeue, ia aoaeo/e ii?aeueiui. Iieacaoaey
ioiioaiey /aeiaaea e ii?aee yaeythony aai iinooiee, aai aioiaiinoue
eniuoaoue ia naaa aa aeaaioai?ioth neeo. Ii ieiaeai eo ociaaoa eo – yoi
aaaiaaeueneia i?aaeei iiaeii n/eoaoue ?aoaiea oeacaiiiai ia?aaeiena.

Aac oaeiai auoeeiiai i?i/oaiey ii?aee iu au ia eiaee e?eoa?ey aeey
ii?aaeaeaiey ia?u aeia?iaeaoaeueiinoe eiie?aoiuo eiaeeaeaeia. Aeaei a
oii, /oi /aeiaae ia i?inoi aeoiaao i naaa eo/oai, /ai ii anoue ia naiii
aeaea. Ii aiiaua neeiiai aeoiaoue i naaa oi?ioi. Noauaeoeaiie oi/eie
ion/aoa nianoaaiiuo aeaenoaee aeey iaai anaaaea yaeyaony aeia?i. Aeaaea
ethaee, eioi?uo i?eiyoi n/eoaoue iouyaeaiiuie ceiaeayie, no?aiyony
auaeaoue naie i?anooieaiey ca ni?aaaaeeeaua aeayiey. I?e yoii iie iiaoo
auoue i/aiue ene?aiieie. Ii?aeueiia naiiiaieueuaiea – ia anaaaea iaiai e
eeoeaia?ea. *aua anaai iii yaeyaony naiiiaiaiii.

Ia?aaeien ii?aeueiie ioeaiee naycai aii?inii i oii, eoi iiaeao aa?oeoue
ii?aeueiue noae. Eiae/ii i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi oaeoth ooieoeeth iiaee au
acyoue ia naay ethaee, aicauoathueany iaae ae?oaeie ii ii?aeueiiio
e?eoa?eth, iiaeiaii oiio eae yoi i?ienoiaeeo ai anao ae?oaeo noa?ao
ciaiey e i?aeoeee. Iaeiaei iaeiei ec ianiiiaiiuo ea/anoa i?aanoaaiiiai
/aeiaaea yaeyaony ne?iiiinoue, aeaaea aieaa oiai – niciaiea naiae
ii?i/iinoe. Ii ia iiaeao n/eoaoue aeinoieiui eiai-eeai noaeeoue. N
ae?oaie noi?iiu, ethaee, aa?ouea ia naay ?ieue noaeuee e o/eoaey a
aii?inao ii?aee, oaea iaeiei yoei oaeoii iaia?oaeeaatho oaeia
naiiaeiaieuenoai, eioi?ia i?aaie/anee /oaeaei ii?aee e yaeyaony
aacioeai/iui eiaeeeaoi?ii yoe/aneie aeooiou. Oa, eoi iia au aa?oeoue
ii?aeueiu noae, ia aoaeoo aeaeaoue yoiai; oai, eoi oioae au aa?oeoue
ii?aeueiue noae, iaeuecy yoiai aeiaa?youe. Ii?aeueiue noae a aeaiiii
eiioaenoa iiieiaaony oe?iei – eae ii?aeueiia o/eoaeuenoai.

Auoiae ec yoie aacauoiaeiie neooaoeee caeeth/ai a i?aanoaaiiii
o?aaiaaiee: “Ia noaeeoa ae?oaeo”. Ii?aeueiue noae anoue noae /aeiaaea
iaae naiei niaie, e yoei ia ioee/aaony io th?eaee/aneiai noaea. Aeayiea,
ca eioi?ia /aeiaae ioaa/aao ia?aae ae?oaeie ethaeueie, eiaioaony
i?anooieaieai; oi aea aeayiea, eiaaea /aeiaae ioaa/aao ia?aae naiae
niaanoueth, eiaioaony ceii. I?anooieaiea anoue i?a-nooieaiea eaeiai-eeai
i?aaeea, eioi?ia aeinoaoi/ii caoeene?iaaii a iau/aa, caeiia eee eiie
iauaeoeaiie oi?ia. A?ao anoue ia?ooaiea i?aanoaaiiiai caeiia, e eioi?iio
/aeiaae i?eiauai aioo?aiia. “Caeii anoue niaanoue ainoaea?noaa”, – ienae
O. Aiaan.Ia?aeia/ea aai, iiaeii neacaoue: “Niaanoue anoue caeii
ee/iinoe”.

O?aaiaaiea aaeeinoaa noauaeoa e iauaeoa eae oneiaey ii?iaeueiiai
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey ii?aee yaeyaony iniaaiii aeanoeei e iai?a?aeaaiui a
neo/ayo ii?aeueiiai inoaeaeaiey. *oi aea eanaaony ii?aeueii ainoaaeaiey,
oi aii?in i aai ni?aaaaeeeainoe e eiie?aoiuo oi?iao ioaeaeaaony a iniaii
?anniio?aiee. Oai ia iaiaa a oeaeii e iii eiaao ia?aaeienaeueioth
i?e?iaeo: naiiainoaaeaiea ee/iinoe iaoiaeeony iiae ii?aeueiui cai?aoii,
a ainoaaeaiea ae?oaeo iiaeao auoue eioa?i?aoe?iaaii eae ne?uoay oi?ia
naiiainoaaeaiey. Aaaeue ioaeii eiaoue i?aai ia oieueei aeey oiai, /oiau
inoaeaeaoue ae?oaeo, ii e aeey oiai, /oiau ainoaaeyoue eo.

I?iaeaia eiioeeeoa yiioeeiiaeueiiai e ?aoeeiiaeueiiai

Ineoieiae /aua anaai ii?aaeaeytho yiioeee e /oanoaa eae “iniaoth oi?io
ioiioaiey /aeiaaea e yaeaieyi aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, iaoneiaeaiioth eo
niioaaonoaeai eee ia niioaaonoaeyi /aeiaaea”. Iineieueeo anyeay
aeayoaeueiinoue /aeiaaea iai?aaeaia ia oaeiaeaoai?aiey oie eee eiie aai
iio?aaiinoe, oi yiioeeiiaeueiua i?ioeannu, io?aaeaiea niioaaonoaey eee
ianiioaaonoaey yaeaiee aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe iio?aaiinoyi /aeiaaea,
iaecaaaeii nii?iaiaeaeatho e iiaoaeaeatho ethaoth aeayoaeueiinoue.

Iineieueeo yiioeee e /oanoaa i?aaenoaaeytho niaie io?aaeaiea ia
iauaeoeaiuo ea/anoa i?aaeiaoa, a eo cia/aiey aeey aeayoaeueiinoe
ee/iinoe, eo niioaaonoaea eee ianioaaonoaea iio?aaiinoyi ee/iinoe, ii
n?aaiaieth n ?aoeeiiaeueiie noi?iiie ineoeee /aeiaaea iie aieaa
ee/iinoiu, noauaeoeaiu, eiaeeaeaeoaeueiu. Eiia/ii a niiniaa e noeea *
iuoeaiey nouanoaotho eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua iniaaiiinoe, ii a oeaeii iuoeaiea
iiae/eiyaony anaiauei i?aaeeai eiaeee. Anoanoaaiii, iiae/eiythony
ii?aaeaeaiiui caeiiiia?iinoyi e yiioeee, ii ia ieo iniaaiiinoe
eiaeaeaeoaeueiiai iiuoa e ineoieiae/aneea /a?ou iaeeaaeuaatho aieueoee
ioia/aoie, /ai ia ?aoeeiiaeueiia. Iaeiaei aeaaiia ioee/ea
?aoeeiiaeueiiai iuoeaiey e /oanoaiaaiey ninoieo a oii, /oi ii naiae
nouiinoe /oanoaa i?aaeiacia/aiu io?aaeaoue eeoue oi, /oi cao?aaeaaao
iio?aaiinoe aeaiiiai /aeiaaea oiaaea eae ?aoeeiiaeueiiai iuoeaiey
io?aaeaao e oi /oi aua ia noaei iio?aaiinoueth /aeiaaea ee/ii aai ia
cao?aaeaaao. Iiyoiio aneaae ca E.Ae. Ooeineei iiiaea nia?aiaiiua
ineoieiae n/eoatho, /oi “a oii, eae /aeiaae /oanoaoao, eaeea
ia?aaeeaaiey ii eniuouaaao, eoaea iai?aaeai ii a naieo ia?aaeeaaiey, ii
au?aaeaao naay eae ee/iinoue iiiai iieiaa, /ai eiaaea ii iuneeo”.

A noa?a i?aanoaaiiinoe /oanoaa ea?atho iniaaiii cia/eoaeueioth ?ieue. A
ii?aaeaeaieyo i?aanoaaiiinoe eae iniaiai ii?iaoeaii-ioeaii/iiai niiniaa
inaiaiey aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe e /oanoa eae iaoaiecia”ioeaieaaiey
iinooiathuae a iica eioi?iaoeee i aiaoiai e aioo?aiiai ie?a”
niaea?aeeony nouanoaaiiue iauee iiiaio: e oi e ae?oaia i?aaenoaaeyao
niaie aeayoaeueiinoue ioeaieaaiey. Anee aea o/anoue, /oi aii?aee ia
iiaeao auoue aeayoaeueiinoe aac yiioeee, ii iiaoo auoue aeaenoaey ia
eiio?iee?oaiie ?aoeeiiaeueiie noa?ie, o.a. eioeueneaiua,
iai?iecaieueiua, iainiciiaaaiua, oi ionthaea iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae,
/oi yiioeeiiaeueiia a ii?aee i?aiaeaaeaao iaae ?aoeeiiaeueiui. Yoi
i?aiaeaaeaiea iauyniyaony, a /anoiinoe, oai, /oi ii?aeue ?aaenoaaeyao
noa?o, aaea ?aoaiea e aeaenoaea i/aiue /anoi, ia i?aeiouanoaaiii,
aeieaeiu inouanoaeyoueny iaiaaeeaiii aaea /anoi ia oieueei
?aoeeiiaeueiue aiaeec, ii e i?inoia ?aoeeiiaeueiia iniciaiea neooaoeee
ieacuaaaony iaaiciiaeiui. Iiyoiio ia?aay ?aaeoeey ia aicieeathuoth
neooaoeeth iaecaaaeii eiaao yiioeeiiaeueiue oa?aeoa?. *oanoaa ?aiueoa,
/ai ?acoi, anooiatho a aeaenoaea.

Iau/ii yoio yiioeeiiaeueiue ioaao ieacuaaaony a niioaaonoaee n
aiciiaeiui iineaaeothuei ?aoeeiiaeueiui iniuneaieai e aiaeecii
neooaoeee. Ii?iaeueiay /aeiaa/aneay ineoeea – yoi eioaa?e?iaaiiay
oeaeinoiia ia?aciaaiea. Iinoiyiiue iaecaaaeiue eiioeeeo iaaeaeo
ioaeaeueiuie aai noi?iiaie, iiaeiaiue oiio , eioi?ue ecia?acee C.
O?aeae,- yoi aeinoiyiea iaoieiaee. Ii ineoeea, a eioi?ie ia auei au
ieeaeeo eiioeeeoia e i?ioeai?a/ee, oiaea iaii?iaeueia. A?aiy io a?aiaie
ee/iinoue noaeeeaaaony n neooaoeeyie, a eioi?uo ae ia nianai iiiyoia
ii?aaaeaiiinoue oaea niaa?oaiiiai eee oieueei aeaeaaiiai aeaenoaey.
Aieaa oiai, eiiaaea ?aoeeiiaeueiue aiaeec neooaoeee iieacuaaao
iai?aaiia?iinoue ieaie?iaaiiiai eee oaea niaa?oaiiiai aeaenoaey, a
/oanoai ieacuaaaony i?eciaoue yoe ?aoeeiiaeueiua auaiaeu e inoaeeoue
nianoaaiiua aeaenoaey. Eee iaiai?io: ianiio?y ia ana aeiaiaeu ?acoia,
ii?aaaeuaathuea niaa?oaiiue eee ieaie?oaiue iinooiie, /aeiaaea aeiaeao
niaanoue, io/aao niooiia /oanoai aeiu. *aeiaaeo ia?aaeei i?eoiaeeony
noaeeeaaoueny n ianiioaaonoaeai eee aeaaea eiioeeeoii ?acoia e /oanoa.
Yoio eiioeeeo noaaeo n iniaie ino?ioie i?iaeaio niioiioaiey yiioeee e
?acoia a ii?aee.

Neooaoeee eiioeeeoa ?acoia e /oanoa a ?aaeueiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe
?ac?aoathony ii-?aciiio. Iiaeii n aeinoaoi/iie i/aaeaeiinoueth
caoeene?iaaoue onoaiiaee ia yiioeeiiaeueiia eee ?aoeeiiaeueiia eae
n?aaenoaa i?eiyoey ii?aeueiuo ?aoaiee, n?aaenoaa i?eaioaoeee a
ii?aeueiie i?aeoeea. Aaniethoii iayiioeeiiaeueiuo ethaeae iao, iaeiaei
aeey iaeieo ethaeae yiioeee aeinoaoi/ii, /oiau i?eieiaoue ?aoaiey e
aeaeaoue ioeaiee, ae?oaea aea noa?athony i?iaa?eoue i?aaeeueiinoue naieo
/oanoa i?e iiiiue ?aoeeiiaeueiiai aiaeeca. E oa e ae?oaea i?eaaaatho e
naiaio niiniao i?eiyoey ?aoaiee e ioeaiie aanniciaoaeueii. Ii ia?aaeei
eiaao ianoi e niciaoaeueiay onoaiiaea ia yiioeeiiaeueiue eee
?aoeeiiaeueiue niinia i?eiyoey ?aoaiee. Iaeei /aeiaae iiaeao auoue
oaaaeaeai, /oi “/oanoaa ia iaiaioo”, a oi a?aiy, eae ae?oaie noa?aaony
i?eieiaoue ?aoaiiy, ?oeiaiaenoaoynue /aoeeie e ?aoeeiiaeueiuie
aeiaiaeaie. Eaeay onoaiiaea aeaao /aoeoth i?eaioaoeeth – aii?in ia
i?inoie, ?acia?aoueny a eioi?ii iiaeii, iie?aynue ia iiieiaiea nouiinoe
?aoeeiiaeueiiai e yiioeeiiaeueiiai eae iaoaieci /aeiaa/aneie ineoeee.

Aac /oanoa e yiioeee iaaiciiaeia aeayoaeueiinoue. Oieueei aoaeo/e
yiioeeiiaeueii ie?aoaiiie, oa eee eiay eioi?iaoeey iiaeao noaoue
iiaoaeeoaeai aeaenoaey. Ia neo/aeii a oai?ee e i?aeoeee i?aanoaaiiiai
ainieoaiey ianoie/eai auaeaeaaaony i?iaeaia ainieoaiey /oanoa,
iineieueeo oieueei ciaiea ii?aeueiuo ii?i aua ia aaaeao e
niioaaonoaothuaio iiaaaeaieth. Iniiauaaynue ia yoii iieiaeaiee, /anoi
aeaeaaony auaiae i ?aoathuae ?iee /oanoa a ii?aee. *oanoaa io?aaeatho
iaeaieaa aeoaeiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee ee/iinoe: aa iio?aaiinoe. Ii yoi
i?aeiouanoaaiii iaeiia?aiaiii yaeyaony e iaaeinoaoeii: iie neeoeii
noauaeoeaiu, /oiau auoue iaaeaaeiui n?aaenoaii aeey iaoiaeaeaiey
iauaeoeaii i?aaeeueiiai ?aoaiey, iauaeoeaii aa?iie eeie iiaaaeaiey.
?acoi aieaa iauaeoeaai. ?aoeeiiaeueiua i?ioeaaeo?u eae ?ac e iai?aaeaiiu
ia oi, /oiau iieo/eoue iauaeoeaioth, ia caaenyuoth eae ecaanoii io
yiioeee /aeiaaea. Iuoeaiea, iiaoaeaeaynue oaie ee eiuie yiioeeyie,
noa?aaony ia aeaoue naay oaea/ue eie, /oiau iieo/eoue iaeneaaeaiiia,
enoeiiia cia/aiea. Oaeia iiieiaiea ioiioaiey iaaeaeo ?acoiii e /oanoaii
oa?aeoa?ii aeey aieueoeinoaa o/aiee i?ioeiai. Iii niioaaonoaoao e
iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiiio a nia?aiaiiie ineoieiaee ii?aaeaeaieth.

Iaeiaei, ?acoi /aeiaaea ia cano?aoiauaaao aai io ioeaie, eioi?ua iiaoo
auoue iaoneiaeaiu eae iauaeoeaiie neiaeiinoueth neooaoeee, oae e
niaea?aeaieai oaea noi?ie?iaaiiuo /oanoa. Iineaaeiaa iniaaiii aaaeii
aeey iiieiaiey ia?aie/aiiinoe ?acoia a ii?aee, ii?aaeaeaiee aai
caaeneiinoueth io iio?aaiinoae, a neaaeiaaoaeueii e io /oanoa. *oanoaa
iai?aaeytho oiae iuneae, a ca/anooth ii?aaeaeytho eo niaea?aeaiea.
Iiae/an ?acoi ee/iinoe noaiiaeony eeoue n?aaenoaii ii?aaaeaiey aa
/oanoa.

Eciu?aiiue eioaeeaeo iiaeao i?eaanoe aeanyoee aeiaiaeia, ii?aaaeuaathueo
ii nooe aeaea aaci?aanoaaiiia iiaaaeaiea. Iaeiaei neaainoue aai
eiae/aneeo iinueie e iino?iaiee iau/ii ia aeaeia eeoue naiiio
iaeaaeaoaeth yoiai eioaeeaeoa e oai, o eiai aeeciaiiua oneiaey
noi?ie?iaaee noiaeea iio?aaiinoe. Iiaeiaiua oneeey eiaeeaeoa,
iai?aaeaiiua eeoue ia ii?aaaeaiea /oanoa, ii nooe aeaea, iaei /ai
ioee/athony io ?aaeecaoeee “yiioeeiiaeueiie onoaiiaee”, eai ?acoi
caeanue oeaeeeii iaoiaeeony ai aeanoe /oanoa e i?ecaai eeoue
ianeoaeeaaoue eo, oai naiui ioaeaeaynue io naiaai aeaaiiai
i?aaeiacia/aiey: iienea enoeiu, e i?aaenoaaeyy ec naay eioaeeaeo eeoue
ii oi?ia, o.a. ii eniieuecoaiui n?aaenoaai, a ia ii nouanoao.
?aoeeiiaeueiay aea onoaiiaea i?aaeiieaaaao iauaeoeaiue, aani?eno?anoiue
eiio?ieue iaae naieie /oanoaaie, e?eoe/aneee eo aiaeec.

Noauaeoeaiue oa?aeoa? /oanoa naycai n iainiciaaaaiie naiei /aeiaaeii
ecae?aoaeueiinoueth aini?eyoey ie?oaeathuae aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, eioi?ay,
aoaeo/e a oeaeii iaiaoiaeeiui naienoaii /aeiaa/aneiai i?aaiecia e
ee/iinoe, e oai ia iaiaa iaoneiaeeaaao aiciiaeiinoue i?aaeacyouo
ioeaiie, iniiauaathueony ia ioaeaeueiuo, auoaa/aiiie ec iauae
niaieoiiinoe yaeaiee. Ai acaeiiioiioaieyo nae?oaeie ethaeueie ia?aaeei
?oeiaiaenoaothony eeoue neiiaoeyie eee aioeiaoeyie, eioi?ua iiaoo
aicieeaoue ia iniiaa ?aaeueiuo oaeoia, ii yoe auno?i noi?ie?iaaaoeany
/oanoaa iiaoo ii?aaeaeyoue ana aeaeueiaeoaa ioiioaiea e iauaeoo ioeaiee.
A caaeneiinoe io neiiaoee eee aioeiaoee iauaeoeaii iaeeiaeiaue iinooiie
?aciuo ethaeae iiaeao i?eia?anoe a iaoai niciaiee anee ia
i?ioeaiiieiaeiue, oi ai anyeii neo/aa nouanoaaiii ?acee/iue niune.

Ae?oaie a?aoiaio a iieueco onoaiiaee ia ?aoeeiiaeueiue aiaeec iiaaaeaiey
– a?aoiaio /enoi i?aeoe/aneiai naienoaa. Yiioeeiiaeueiay ?aaeoeey iiaeao
aicieeaoue i?e i?inoaeoai iniciaiee neooaoeee o?aaoao ii?aaeaeaiiuo
oinoaaiiuo oneeee, a ?acoeueoaoa eioi?uo iiaeao aicieeiooue e
niioaaonoaothuay iieo/aiiui auaiaeai yiioeey. Onoaiiaea ia ?acoi – yoi
onoaiiaea ia ii?aaeaeaiioth nianoaaiioth aeoeaiinoue, ia o?oaeiua, ii?ie
io/eoaeueiua ?aciuoeaiey, au?aaioeo oaa?aiiinoe a i?aaeeueiinoe ?aoaiey.
No?aieaiea aea neaaeiaaoue eeoue “aieino /oanoaa” ca/anooth icia/aao
no?aieaiea neaaeiaaoue nianoaaiiui i?eau/eai, inaiaiaeaeay naay io
iaiaoiaeeiinoe e?eoe/aneiai naiiaiaeeca.

Ionthaea auoaeaao naiia aeaaiia, oioy e /?acau/aeii i?inoia i?aeiouanoai
“?aoeeiiaeueiie onoaiiaee”, eioi?ay iaeiia?aiaiii aeeth/aao aeaa niiniaa
iiaaaeai/aneie i?eaioaoeee, iineieueeo iia ia ono?aiyao aeaiiuo /oanoa,
a eeoue iiaeaa?aaao eo eiio?ieth, i?iaa?ea. ?aoaiea i?eieiaaony ia
iniiaaiee iieacaiee iaaeo noa? ineoeee, a oi a?aiy eae “yiioeeiiaeueiay
onoaiiaea” ca?aiaa ia?aie/eaaao iniiaaiey aeey ii?aeueiiai auai?a eeoue
“aieinii /oanoa”. Eiia/ii, i?e ?aoeeiiaeueiie onoaiiaea i?aai ?aoathuaai
aieina inoaaony ca ?acoiii, ii i?e yoii ii i?eneooeaaaony e
“niaauaoaeueiiio” aieino /oanoa, iiaoaeaeathuaio aai a neo/aa
?acii/oaiee iaaeaeo ieie e /oanoaaie aua e aua ?ac i?iaeoiaoue
neooaoeeth.

A ?acoeueoaoa iauaeoeaiie ?aoeeiiaeueiie i?iaa?aee /oanoa iiaoo eiaoue
ianoi ?acee/iua aa?eaiou. Anee i?aaiia?iinoue aicieeoeo o ee/iinoe
/oanoa iiaeoaa?aeaeathony ?acoiii, oi a ?acoeueoaoa, ai-ia?auo, naie yoe
/oanoaa i?eia?aoatho neeo, i?eaeaaay aeaenoaeyi iiuiue,
yeioeeiiaeueii-yia?aaoe/aneee ca?yae, a ai-aoi?uo, yoio ca?yae
iai?aaeyaony a no?iai ii?aaeaeaiiia ?onei. Anee a eoiaa ?aoeeiiaeueiiai
aiaeeca iiyaeeinue i?ioeai?a/ea iaaeaeo ?acoiii e /oanoaaie, oi caeanue
aicieeaao neiaeiay e iaiaeiicia/iay ai anao niuneao neooaoeey. Iniciaiea
iai?aaiia?iinoe /oanoa aeaaea i?eiaee/ea o /aeiaaea “?aoeeiiaeueiie
onoaiiaee” ia iaycaoaeueii aaaeao e eciaiaieth iiaaaeaiey. Iiaaaeaiea
eciaiyaony eeoue a oii neo/aa, anee aicieeaao yia?aaoe/aneee ca?yae a
aeaea /oanoa, niioaaonoaothueo iieo/aiiui ?aoeeiiaeueiui auaiaeai e
i?eoaaeoeo ia niaio i?aaeiei /oanoaai. Ii iiaeao eeoue aicieeiooue i?e
iaee/ea niioaaonoaothuae aeaiiui ?aoeeiiaeueiui auaiaeai iio?aaiinoe eee
aea oioy au no?aieaiey e oi?ie?iaaieth yoie iio?aaiinoe. Oiaaea
ee/iinoue iniciaao ioeai/iinoue i?aaeieo /oanoa eee eo aoi?inoaiaiiinoue
e aeaenoaoao aii?aee ei. Iaeiaei eiiaaea yoe /oanoaa iiaoo auoue
ianoieueei neeueiu, /oi /aeiaae ia a ninoiyiea n iei ni?aaeoueny. Enoiae
ai?ueau caaeneo io neeu aiee, neeu naiie “?aoeeiiaeueiie onoaiiaea”,
neeu /oanoa, aucuaaaiuie ?aoeeiiaeueiuie aeiauaeaie, iaeiiaoe, io
i?aaeeueiinoe ?aoeeiiaeueiiai aiaeeca. Anee aea o ee/iinoe aiiaua iao
iio?aaiinoe, niioaaonoaothuae iieo/aiiui ?aoeeiiaeueiui iooai auaiaeai,
oi yoe auaiaeu auciaoo o iaa iaaaoeaiua yiioeee eee /oanoai aac?acee/ey.

Caueoiua iaoaieciu ineoeee /anoi iiiiaatho ee/iinoe ecaaaeoueny io yoiai
i?ioeai?a/ey. I?ioeai?a/ea eeeaeaee?oaony a niciaiee iooai
eiioeaio?aoeee oinoaaiiuo oneeee ia oii, /oiau ii?aaaeaoue naie /oanoaa
e aucuaaaiua ei iinooiee. ?acoiaaony, yoi i?enoiaeeo aanniciaoaeueii.
Iniciaii ee/iinoue i?iaeieaeaao i?eaea?aeeaaoueny”?aoeeiiaeueiie
onoaiiaee” ia iaaeoeaiue aiaeec, ii oaeoe/anee /oanoaa oaea iaeaaeaaatho
?acoiii e noaayo aai ia neoaeao.

Ai acaeiiaeaenoaee ?acoia e /oanoa iineaaeiea iaeaaeatho aieueoae neeie
a oii niunea, /oi ei eaa/a iiaeeyoue ia iai?aaeaiea e oiae iuneae, /ai
?acoio ia oa?aeoa? e niaea?aeaiea /oanoa, anee o /aeiaaea aaniethoii
ionoonoaoao iio?aaiinoue, niioaaonoaothuay oai auaiaeai, e eioi?ui
i?eoiaeeo ?acoi. Anee a /aeiaaea ainieoaiu yaienoe/aneea iio?aaiinoe e
io?aaeathea eo yiioeee, oi auei au iiaoi?aieai i?inaaoeoaeueneeo
eeethcee n/eoaoue, /oi i?inoia iniciaiea eo ianiioaaonoaey ii?iai ii?aee
i?eaaaeao e eciaiaieth /aeiaaea. Nei?aa, yaienoe/aneea yiioeee i?eaaaeoo
e e yaienoe/aneei iuneyi. N ae?oaie noi?iiu, eae i?aaeeueii ioia/aao
A.E. Aeiaeiia, “?aaaiie eioi?ue n aeaonoaa, aiai?y neiaaie E. Oienoiai,
“iiethaee ethaeoue”, a aieaa c?aeii aic?anoa, ia aac aeeyiey naiae
yiioeeiiaeueiie onoaiiaee, iiaeao i?eeoe e iunee, /oi oeaeue aeecie
caeeth/aaony a neoaeaiee ae?oaei ethaeyi”. Iiyoiio onoaiiaea ia
?aoeeiiaeueiia ai?acaei aieaa yooaeoeaia i?e iaee/ea oioy au a
cia/eoaeueiii aeaea iio?aaiinoe, niioaaonoaothuae ?aoeeiiaeueiui
auaiaeai. Anee oaeay iio?aaiinoue, a cia/eo e yiioeey, anoue, ?acoi
iiaeao oniaoii ea?aoue ?ieue iauaeoeaiiai a?aeo?a a neiaeiuo aeeciaiiuo
neooaoeeyo, aucuaathueo ?aciiaeaney iaaeaeo ieie e /oanoaaie.

No?aieaiea iniuneeoue neooaoeeth, i?iaiaeece?iaaoue iinooiee aicieeaao,
anee neiaeiinoue neooaoeee, au?aaeaiea iaaeiaieuenoaa eee ii iaiueoae
ia?a niiiaiee ni noi?iiu ie?oaeathueo e oiio iiaeiaiua oaeoi?u aucuaatho
/oanoai iaoaa?aiiinoe a i?aaeeueiinoe naieo aeaenoaee. E?iia oiai, o
/aeiaaea nouanoaoao e /oanoai no?aieaiey e iauaeoeaiinoe, yaeythuaeny
nouanoaaiiie i?aanoaaiiie oeaiiinoueth. Yoi /oanoai, aeooaeece?oynue
a?aiy io a?aiaie, canoaaeyao /aeiaaea iaae i?aaiia?iinoueth naieo e
/oaeeo iinooieia ia oieueei iiae aeeyieai oeacaiiuo aiaoieo oaeoi?ia.

Ineoieiaee aeaaii ecaanoii, /oi yiioeeiiaeueiia ninoiyiea ee/iinoe
ieacuaaao nouanoaaiiia aeeyiea ia aa iiaaaeaiea. “Eaeia aoaeao
iiaaaeai/aneee aeo ee/iinoe a ioaao ia oi eee eiia niauoea, a ia?iiiie
ia?a caaeneo io aa yiioeeiiaeueiie ?aaeoeee ia yoi niauoea”. Yiioeee
iiaoo aucaaoue oaeea iinooiee, eioi?ua /aeiaae ia niaa?oee au,
iaoiaeynue a aieaa niieieiii ninoiyiee, a ?acoeueoaoa o?acaiai
?aciuoeaiey. Aeeyiea ia niaea?aeaiea aeaenoaee, eioi?ua ieacuaatho
aooaeou, iaiaeiicia/ii ii i?aanoaaiiiio oa?aeoa?o. Caeanue aaeeea
caaeneiinoue io iai?aaeaiiinoe ?acoia, n iaeiie noi?iiu, e /oanoa, n
ae?oaie noi?iiu. Neeueiue yiioeeiiaeueiue eiioeuen eiiaaea iiaeao
iiii/ue ee/iinoe inaiaiaeeoueny io eceeoiae inoi?iaeiinoe,
aeaaeao?oaeiinoe, yaienoe/iinoe, nouae aa ?acoio. N ae?oaie noi?iiu
aooaeo iiaeao ieacaoueny aooaeoii no?aoa e iiaeaaeoue iieiaeeoaeueiua
ono?aieaiey ?acoia. A neo/aa, aaea ?acoi e /oanoaa eiatho aaeeioth
i?aanoaaiioth iai?aaeaiiinoue, aooaeo /aua anaai ieacuaaao
io?eoeaoaeueiia aicaeaenoaea ia iiaaaeaiea, iineieueeo, i?e yoii
ia?ooaony ii?iaeueiay aeayoaeueiinoue ?acoia.

E /oanoaa, e ?acoi iiaoo ioeaieaaoue oo eee eioth neooaoeeth, aeaaea
anee iia aeooaeueii ionoonoaoao, a eeoue ionoonoaoao. Iaeiaei anee aeey
?acoia oaeia iaiin?aaenoaaiiia ioeeth/aiea io neooaoeee e io aeeyiey
ethaeae, o/aanoaothueo a iae, i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iaeaieaa aeaaii?eyoiua
oneiaey aeey ooieoeeiie?iaaiey, oi /oanoaa iaeaieeueooth neeo
i?eia?aoatho i?e iaiin?aaenoaaiiii aini?eyoee neooaoeee.

I?eaaaeai caaaaiue i?eia? ec iaeanoe neoaeaaiuo acaeiiioiioaiee.
“Oi/aoue iieo/eoue ioeac – iicaiie ii oaeaoiio” – noaeaeaiea io?aaeaao
oio oaeo, /oi oaaaeeoue /aeiaaea eaa/a, aicaeaenoaoy ia iaai ia oieueei
eiae/aneeie aeiaiaeaie, ii e anai naiei aeaeii, au?aaeaieai eeoea,
ieieeie, oiiii aieina, o.a. aicaeaenoaoy yiioeeiiaeueii. Niiniaiue
onoiyoue i?ioea eiaeee /aeiaae ia anaaaea ieacuaaaony niiniaai
auaea?aeaoue yiioeeiiaeueiia aicaeaenoaea ia ?aoaiea e iinooiee iiaeao
ieacaoue iano?iaiea, aicieeoaa o ee/iinoe nianai ii ae?oaiio iiaiaeo.

Eiio?ieue iaae naieie /oanoaaie, oiaiea oi?aaeyoue eie – iaiaoiaeeiia
oneiaea i?aaeeueiiai i?aanoaaiiiai iiaaaeaiey e iieacaoaeue o?iaiy
i?aanoaaiiie eoeueoo?u.

Aeanoue ?acoia iaae /oanoaaie, ?acoiaaony ia neaaeoao i?aaenoaaeyoue eae
nieioiia iiaeaaeaiea e auoaniaiea /oanoa. Eiia/ii, aii?aeueiua /oanoaa
iaiaoiaeeii iiaeaaeyoue, ii naii yoi iiaeaaeaiea i?ienoiaeeo iooai
niciaoaeueiiai oi?ie?iaaiey i?ioeaiiieiaeiiai /oanoaa. A neo/aa
iaeo?aeueiuo a i?aanoaaiiii ioiioaiee yiioeee ?ieue ?acoia naiaeeony e
oiio, /oiau, ai-ia?auo, naea?aeeaaoue eo o oie a?aieoeu, ca eioi?ie iie
ia/eiatho iaoaoue ii?iaeueiie ?aaioa ?acoia, ai-aoi?uo, ii?aaeaeeoue eo
ianoi a oeaiiie ea?a?oee ee/iinoe e, aeoeaece?oy a iaiaoiaeeiuo neo/ayo
aieaa aunieea /oanoaa, ia aeaaaoue ei i?iyaeyoueny a aii?aeueiuo
iinooieao. Iaeiiaoe, iineaaeiaaoaeueiia e i?aaeeueiia i?iaaaeaiea
?aoeeiiaeueiie onoaiiaee aaaeao e iinooieai, aucuaathuea o ee/iinoe
niaoeeoe/anee ii?aeueiia /oanoai oaeiaeaoai?aiey io eo niaa?oaiey.
Neaaeiaaoaeueii ?aaeecaoeey ?aoeeiiaeueiie onoaiiaee eiaao ?acoeueoaoii
ia auoaniaiea /oanoa ?acoiii, a eo aa?iiie/aneia ni/aoaiea.

Aei neo ii? ?a/ue oea ia yiioeeyo e /oanoaao eae aaeeiie noa?a. Ii
/oanoaa ioee/athony io yiioeee aieueoae onoie/eainoueth, iinoiyinoaii,
aeoaeiie, aieueoae iniciaiiinoueth e iiin?aaeiaaiiinoueth ?aoeeiiaeueiie
e ie?iaicc?ai/aneie noa?aie niciaiey. *oanoaa a nianoaaiiii niunea neiaa
ia a oaeie noaiaie ioee/athony io ?aoeeiiaeueiie noa?u, eae yiioeee. E
ana aea ioia/aiiua ?aiaa aeinoieinoaa e iaaeinoaoee, a oeaeii
yiioeeiiaeueiie noa?u, ii n?aaiaieth n ?aoeeiiaeueiie, i?enoue e
/oanoaai – a oceii niunea neiaa. Aaaeue /oanoaa oaeaea io?aaeatho
iio?aaiinoe, ionoue iniciaiiua e, iiaeao auoue, aeaaea niciaoaeueii
noi?ie?iaaiiua, ii ana aea neiaeeaoeeny ia aeaiiue iiiaio iio?aaiinoe.
Ioeaiea oiai eee ae?oaiai yaeaiey /oanoaaie icia/aao niioianaiea yoiai
yaeaiey n aeaiiuie iio?aaiinoyie e iineaaeothuoth eiinoaoaoeeth
?acoeueoaoia niioianaiey: i?aaeony iauaeo ioeaiee eee iao.

Iiae?iaiinoe, io?aaeaaiua /oanoaaie, – yoi i?aeiouanoaaiii nioeeaeueiua
iio?aaiinoe, a oii /enea e ii?aeueiua. Iineaaeiea, eae ecaanoii, naiei
noa?aeiai eiatho iiiaio aeieaeainoaiaaiey, aneaaenoaea /aai io?aaeathuea
eo ii?aeueiue /oanoaa (/oanoaa aeieaa, ioaaonoaaiiinoe e o.ae.) niiniaiu
i?ioeainoiyoue ioaeaeueiui yiioeeyi, ?ioeai?a/auei yoei /oanoaai. E?iia
oiai ii?aeueiua iio?aaiinoe aeeth/atho iio?aaiinoue
naiioniaa?oainoaiaaiey, a ia?aaeaeea naay, a oi?ie?iaaiee iiauo
iio?aaiinoae. Iaeiaei iai?aaeaiea nianoaaiiie ia?aaeaeee eee
naiioniaa?oainoaiaaiey ioaeaeaaony a iauaeoeaiie ?aoeeiiaeueiie
i?iaa?ea.

Eiia/ii, a ?aaeueiie auno?ioaeouae aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe ?acoi ia anaaaea
iiaeao o/anoue ana eiathueany ianoiyoaeuenoaa. Iaiaoiaeeiinoue auno?iai
i?eiyoey ?aoaiey, iaiiaaiiie i?aanoaaiiie ?aaeoeee canoaaeyao /aeiaaea
aeaenoaiaaoue, ia ?acaeoiuaay, a niioaaonoaee n ia?aui iiaoaeaeaieai,
aeaeaei ia anaaaea iniuneaiiui e iainiiaaiiui.

Iineieueeo neooaoeee, a eioi?uo iaaei i?eieiaoue e ?aaeeciauaaoue
?aoaiey iaiiaaiii, a ii?aee iiiai, oi ?aoeeiiaeueiay onoaiiaea
iieacuaaao naith i?aeoe/aneoth ianinoiyoaeueiinoue, anee iiieiaoue iiae
iae no?aieaiea ia aeaeaoue ie oaaa aac i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai aiaeeca
neooaoeee. Oae, iiieiaaiay onoaiiaea, i/aaeaeii, ia?a/aia ia i?iaae.
AEecianiiniaiie iiaeao noaoue oieueei ?aoeeiiaeueiy onoaiiaea, eioi?ay
icia/aao no?aieaiea e ?aoeeiiaeueiiio aiaeeco i?aanoaaiiuo iinooieia.
Aoaeao ee yoio aiaeec inouanoaeai aei niaa?oaiey iinooiea eee iinea,
caaeneo io iauaeoeaiiai oa?aeoa?a neooaoeee. Ii e a oii, e a ae?oaii
neo/ayo ?aoeeiiaeueiay onoaiiaea ieaaeao aeeyiea ia iineaaeothuea
iinooiee a noiaeeo ii i?aanoaaiiiio niuneo neooaoeeyo.

Oaeei ia?acii, neaaeiaaiea ?aoeeiiaeueiie onoaiiaea, eiia/ii, ia
icia/aao ioeaca io aeaenoaey, anee aai iaiaoiaeeii niaa?oeoue
iaiaaeeaiii, a ?acoi ia oniaaaao iainiiauaaoue eee ii?iaa?aaoue
eiooeoeaii eaaeouaany aa?iui ?aoaiea. Ii ?aoeeiiaeueiay onoaiiaea
o?aaoao i?iaiaeece?iaaoue i?eyoiia ?aoaiea, oioy au oaea iinooaeooi, n
oai, /oiau ?acoeueoaou yoiai aiaeeca aioee a niaea?aeaiea i?aanoaaiiiai
iiuoa ee/iinoe e a naa?iooii aeaea iiaee au a neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe
i?iyaeoueny a iineaaeothueo eiooeoeaiuo ?aoaieyo.

Aieaa nouanoaaiiia ia?aie/aiea noa?u i?eiaieiinoe ?aoeeiiaeueiie
onoaiiaee caeeth/aaony a neaaeothuai ianoiyoaeuenoaa. Yoa onoaiiaea
eiaao aaciaiai?i/iue i?ei?eoao eeoue i?e oneiaee i?eia?ii iaeeiaeiaie
noaiaie ?acaeoinoe yiioeeiiaeueiie e ?aoeeiiaeueiie noa?.

Iaeiaei ia?aaeei ano?a/athony neo/ae aeeni?iii?oeee a ?acaeoee iaaeo
noi?ii ineoeee eiaeeaeaea. A /anoiinoe, ianiio?y ia oi, /oi /oanoaa ai
iiiaii caaenyo io ?acoia, iie a ?acaeoee iiaoo iaiaiaoue aai. E oiaaea
ia?aaeei /aeiaaeo eo/oa iineooaoueny /oanoaa, /ai ioeai/iuo aeiaiaeia
?acoia. Ii e a oaeiai ?iaea neo/ayo /aeiaae ia aeieaeai ioeacuaaoueny io
iiiuoie ?aoeeiiaeueiiai iainiiaaiey naiaai iiaaaeaiey. Aaeeinoaaiiay
ii?aaea caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi ii ia aeieaeai oi?iieoueny
?aaeeciauaaoue iieo/aiiua ?aoeeiiaeueii-eiae/aneei iooai ?aoaiey, anee
iie ia niioaaonoaotho aai /oanoaai, a i?iaa?youe eo, niaaooynue n
ae?oaeie ethaeueie. Aeaenoaea ?aoeeiiaeueiie onoaiiaee caeanue ia
yeaiaieoe?oaony, a eeoue caoi?iaaeeaaaony i?aeoe/aneay ?aaeecaoeey aa
?acoeueoaoia.

E?iia oiai, aeaaea i?e ionoonoaee oiiiyioouo aeeni?iii?oeee ?acoi
ethaiai ioaeaeueiiai eiaeeaeaea ia anaiiaou, e i?e iaee/ee aeinoaoi/iiai
a?aiaie aeey aiaeeca neooaoeee ii ia anaaaea iiaeao iaeoe aa?iia
?aoaiea. Ii ioeaee ?acoia – aiana ia iiaiae aeey io?eoeaiey ?acoia eae
?aoathuaai n?aaenoaa ii?aeueiiai auai?a. Oai ia iaiaa oeacaiiua
ianoiyoaeuenoaa oioy e ia eeoatho ?aoeeiiaeueioth onoaiiaee ?oeiaiaeyuae
?iee, ii aeaeatho aa iaiaa aeanoieie e eaoaai?e/iie.

A ioeaiea neooaoeee e i?eiyoee ?aoaiey o/anoaotho ia oieueei yiioeee e
?acoi, ii iiiaiea ae?oaea ineoe/aneea i?ioeannu, iai?eia?, aiia?aaeaiea,
i?aaenoaaeaiea e o.ae. Aiia?aaeaiea, iai?eia?, ea?aao iaae?iiioth ?ieue
a ooieoeeiie?iaaiee aaaeiiai a ii?aee ineoe/aneiai iaoaiecia
oiiaeiaeaiey naay ae?oaiio, iinoaiiaee naay ia ianoi ae?oaiai, o.a.
iaoaiecia, ?aaeecothuaai “cieioia i?aaeei” i?aanoaaiiinoe. Nai
ineoe/aneee iaoaieci oiiaeiaeaiey iaeuecy ?anniao?eaaoue eae noaoai eee
i?aeiouanoaaiii yiioeeiiaeueiue, iineieueeo cia/eoaeueioth ?ieue a iai
ea?atho aiia?aaeaiea e eiaeea.

I?eiaiaiea eioaeeaeoa a ii?aee ia neaaeoao naycuaaoue n oceiooeeeoa?iui
?an/aoii. Iiiaea i?aanoaaiiua aeaenoaey, aucuaathuea iaeia?aiea e
ainoeuaiea, ia ia?aue acaeyae, o?oaeii iauynieoue n oi/ee c?aiey
iaiin?aaenoaaiiie i?aeoe/aneie iieuecu. Eacaeinue au, eaeie niune a oii,
/oiau, ?eneoy naiae e /oaeie aeeciyie, nianaoue a aith ciaiy. Oai ia
iaiaa niune anoue, e aiieia iiaeii acyoue ia naay niaeinoue
ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi aaniieaciuo, aanniuneaiiuo aeaenoaee a ii?aee auoue
ia aeieaeii. Yoio niune ia n?aco ioe?uaaaony, iinooiie iiaeao
niaa?oaoueny iiae aeeyieai /oanoaa eee eiooeoeee, ii iaia?oaeeoue e
iauynieoue aai i?e iiiiue ?acoia ia oieueei aiciiaeii, ii e iaiaoiaeeii.

4 Ianoi yoeee a o/aiee Eiioooeey

Naiia aaaeiia ioe?uoea Eiioooeey — yoi ioe?uoea /aeiaaea eae iniaie
?aaeueiinoe. Anee oi?iu auoey auno?ieoue a ea?a?oe/aneoth eanoieoeo,
n/eoay caieth iecii, a iaai aa?oii, oi /aeiaae caieiaao n?aaeeiiia
iieiaeaiea. N iaeiie noi?iiu, /aeiaae neiaai naieie no?anoyie,
aaciaaeaaeii naiiethaea; “ss ia aeaeae, /oiau /aeiaae iia, caiaoea naie
ioeaee, inoaeeoue naay a aeooa” — aiai?eo Eiioooeee. N ae?oaie noi?iiu,
ii no?aieony e aeai — aiea iaaa, i?aaeeueiiio iooe, aunoae aa?iiiee,
aa/iie i?aaaea, n?aaeioi/eth enoeiu e ni?aaaaeeeainoe, oiio oeaio?o,
eioi?ue ana noyaeaaao e naaa; “anee oo?ii iiciaaoue i?aaeeueiue iooue,
aa/a?ii iiaeii oia?aoue” . *aeiaae iaoiaeeony ia ia?ana/aiee aeaoo
aeaoa?ieiaoeee — i?e?iaeiie e yoe/aneie.

Ec n?aaeeiiiai iieiaeaiey /aeiaaea a ie?a Eiioooeee aeaeaao auaiae:
iaeuecy ioaaoeoue ia aii?in, /oi oaeia /aeiaae, ia ioaa/ay ia aii?in,
eaeei ii aeieaeai auoue. Iiciaiea /aeiaaea niaiaaeaao n aai i?aanoaaiiui
naiiii?aaeaeaieai. Iiaeii i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi, niaeanii Eiioooeeth, ia
nouanoaoao ca?aiaa caaeaiiie onoie/eaie i?e?iaeu /aeiaaea, a anoue
?acee/iua aiciiaeiinoe aai naiiinouanoaeaiey. Ionthaea noaiiaeony
iiiyoiui caaaaei/iia auneacuaaiea Oecu-aoia, iaeiiai ec naiuo
oaeaioeeauo o/aieeia Eiioooeey, i oii, /oi noaeaeaiey O/eoaey i
eoeueoo?a oneuoaoue iiaeii, a noaeaeaiey i i?e?iaea /aeiaaea e aiea iaaa
— iao. Aia noaeaeaiee i eoeueoo?a, i niiniaa aeaenoaiaaiey a aeecie
noaeaeaiey i i?e?iaea /aeiaaea eeoaiu i?aaeiaoa e niunea. Aiciiaeiinoue
niceaeaoue naiiai naay yaeyaony oai niaoeeoe/aneei i?eciaeii, eioi?ue
aeaeaao /aeiaaea /aeiaaeii, — ia iaee/ea ?acoia eee eaeie-eeai eiie
i?eciae, a eiaiii yoa niiniaiinoue ?acee/aoue aeia?i e cei. Yoeea a
o/aiee Eiioooeey i?aaeoanoaoao e neoaeeo iniiaie aiinaieiaee e
aio?iiieiaee, anee aiiaua i?aaiia?ii i?eiaiyoue e iaio yoe eaoaai?ee
aa?iiaeneie oeeinioee.

Ec oaeie ii i?aeiouanoao yoe/aneie aa?nee /aeiaaea auoaeaao iniaia
ioiioaiea e ciaieth. Ciaiea aini?eieaea?aeaiee; iii aiai?eo iai, /oi
aeaeaoue e /aai ecaaaaoue, Oieueei yoei iii e oeaiii. Noieue iiioey?iay
a aa?iiaeneie oeeinioee eaeay naiiaeinoaoi/iinoe ciaiey, aai i?aanoaaiii
i/euathuaai aicaeaenoaey ia /aeiaaea /oaeaea Eiioooeeth. A aai o/aiee
iao e neaaea oiai, /oi iiaeii auei au iacaaoue eaeaaeii
nica?oeaoaeueiiai aeaaeainoaa. “Oaiue *e ni?inee i ciaiee. O/eoaeue
ioaaoee: “Yoi cia/eo ciaoue ethaeae”. Oaiue *e ia iiiye. O/eoaeue
neacae: “Auaeaeaaoue ethaeae i?yiuo e iono?aiyoue ethaeae eaeeauo, e
oiaaea eaeeaua ethaee niiaoo noaoue i?yiuie” . Yoe/anee i?eaioe?iaaiiue
i?aaiaoeci ianoieueei aeiaeae a ie?iaicc?aiee Eiioooeey, /oi
aeinoieinoai iiaaaeaiey, ii?i/iuo iuneae yaeyaony aeey iath
iieacaionoonoaea oaeai o/aiinoe. Ii ia i?eciaaae aano?aeoioth,
i?aanoaa/ii iaeo?aeueioth, aacee/ioth enoeio. Aeey iaai enoeia
niaiaaeaao n /aeiaa/aneie i?aaaeie. Enoeia anoue oi, ca /oi iiaeii
oia?aoue. Aai iiaeoiae e iiciaieth yaeyaony ioaaonoaaiiui: oeaiiinoue
iiciaiey ecia?yaony yoe/aneei aicauoaieai aeecie. A “Eoiue tha” iu
iaoiaeei oaeia caia/aoaeueiia auneacuaaiea: “Oecu-eo, ia noiaa
inouanoaeoue oneuoaiiia, iianaeny, /oi oneuoeo /oi-oi aua” .
Aaniieienoai Oecu-eo, i?aaeaiiiai o/aieea Eiioooeey, iiaei,
ii-aeaeeiiio, auoue aucaaii oai, /oi ?a/ue oea i aaaeiie e aannii?iie
onoaiiaea eiioooeeaineiai ie?iaini?eyoey. Eiioooeee o/ee: “Ae?aaiea
aiai?eee n inoi?iaeiinoueth. oae eae iianaeenue, /oi ia niiaoo
auiieieoue neacaiiia”. A naiii aeaea, aeey /aai no?aieoueny e iiaui
ciaieyi, iiaui enoeiai, eiaaea neieue au oeaiiuie eee e?aneauie iie ie
auee, ia inouanoaeaiu noa?ua?! E ?acaa naiioeaeueiay e c?yoiay iiaiiy ca
ciaieyie ia iiaeao auoue au?aaeaieai eee noaoue enoi/ieeii i?aanoaaiiiai
ii?iea, eioi?ue a iaoe aeie iieo/ee iacaaiea ?anoiaeaeaiey neiaa e aeaea
e i?i eioi?ue Eiioooeee oi?ioi neacae: “E?aneaua ?a/e a?aaeyo ii?aee”?!

Aeaienoaaiiinoue ecia/aeueiie aeaoa?ieiaoeee /aeiaaea i?aaeii?aaeaeyao
aiciiaeiinoue aeaoo ?acee/iuo i?iaeoia eai aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe:
aunieiai (aeaai?iaeiiai) e ieceiai. Yoi ii?aaeaeyaony oai, eaeay ec
aeaoo aeaoa?ieiaoeee — iaaaniay eee caiiay — iieo/aao i?aiaeaaeaiea,
“O/eoaeue neacae: “Aeaai?iaeiue ioae aeaeaeaony aaa?o, ieceee /aeiaae
aeaeaeaony aiec” . ?a/ue eaeao i aaeoi?a ee/iinoiiai ?acaeoey, a ia i
noaoe/aneii auai?a. A ie?iaicc?aiee Eiioooeey iaaaniia e caiiia ia
i?ioeaiiinoaaeyaony ii e?eoa?eth aeia?a e cea. Eiioooeee aeaeae io
eaeae, aoaeoi i?aanoaaiiia niaa?oainoai aeinoeaeeii ca n/ao
aneaoe/aneiai oia?uaeaiey no?anoae. Aeainneee iooaeueiee — ia aai
eaeaae. Aieaa oiai, ii aai iiaieth, oieueei a ?aieao i?aaeeueiiai
ii?aeueiiai auai?a iiaeii iieii oaeiaeaoai?eoue anoanoaaiiua
ono?aieaiey /aeiaaea. I?e?iaeiay aeaoa?ieiaoeey aoi?e/ia ii ioiioaieth e
yoe/aneie. Eiioooeee aiai?eo (a oeeoe?oaiii ieaea o?aaiaioa iiiyoea
“aeai” ia?aaaaeaii eae “i?aaeeueiua i?eioeeiu”): “Ethaee aeaeatho
aiaaonoaa e ciaoiinoe. Anee ia ?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny i?aaeeueiuie
i?eioeeiaie, eo ia iieo/eoue”. Oi/ii oae aea aac aeai iaeuecy
ecaaaeoueny io noieue iaiaaenoiuo ethaeyi aaaeiinoe e i?ac?aiiinoe.
Aeai, i?aaeeueiua i?eioeeiu, neaaeiaaoaeueii, ioaeiu ia aeey oiai, /oiau
au?aaoueny ec “caiiuo ieia”, a aeey oiai, /oiau aeaaiono?ieoue caiioth
aeeciue, aeiaeoueny aiaaonoaa e ciaoiinoe, ecaaaeaoue aaaeiinoe e
i?ac?aiey. Eiioooeeaineia ?aoaiea i?iaeaiu i?aaeeueiiai auai?a iiaeii
auei au ia?acii au?aceoue oae: anee ia ace?aoue ia iaai. iaeuecy
iaono?ieoue caieth; ii anee ia iaono?aeaaoue caieth, iaeuecy oaeaeaoue
iaai.

AEyiue: /aeiaaeiethaea

Io /aai caaeneo e a /ai eiie?aoii au?aaeaaony auai? /aeiaaeii oiai eee
eiiai iooe ?acaeoey? Ioaao ia yoio aeaoaaeeiue aii?in aeaao eiioeaioeey
“aeyiue”. Oa?iei “aeyiue” ano?a/aaony a “Eoiue tha” 109 ?ac, yaeyaony
oai eeth/aaui. Aai eioa?i?aoaoeey — naiinoiyoaeueiay e neiaeiay
caaea/a; ?onneeie eeoaenoaie ii ia?aaiaeeony eae “/aeiaa/aneia ia/aei”,
“ieeina?aeea”, “/aeiaaeiethaea”, “aoiaiiinoue”, “niaanoue”. *oi eanaaony
niaea?aeaiey, eioi?ia aeeaaeuaaao Eiioooeee a iiiyoea “aeyiue”, oi iii
iiiaicia/ii, aeeth/aao ana iieiaeeoaeueiua i?aanoaaiiua ea/anoaa e ii?iu
aeinoieiiai iiaaaeaiey. “AEyiue” eae yaeaiea e?aeia o?oaeii
eaeaioeoeoee?iaaoue. Ia aii?inu, iiaeii ee iacaaoue iaeaaeathueie
“aeyiue” oao eee eiuo ?aaeueiuo eeoe, a oii /enea eo/oeo naieo o/aieeia,
n/eoaaoeony aeinoieiuie ethaeueie, Eiioooeee ioaa/aao, /oi ii ia ciaao;
aeyiue o?oaeii i?aeoeeiaaoue e i iai o?oaeii aiai?eoue. “AEyiue” —
iiiyoea e iienaoaeueiia e aeneieiae/aneia iaeiia?aiaiii; iii iaicia/aao
e nouanoaaiioth oa?aeoa?enoeeo /aeiaaea, e i?ia?aiio aai aeayoaeueiinoe.
Yoi — /aeiaa/aneia ia/aei a /aeiaaea, eioi?ia iaeiia?aiaiii yaeyaony aai
aeieaii. O Eiioooeey anoue auneacuaaiea, eioi?ia ia ia?aue acaeyae
i?ioeai?a/eai: “Oieueei iaeaaeathuee /aeiaaeiethaeai iiaeao ethaeoue
ethaeae e iaiaaeaeaoue ethaeae” . A ia?aie /anoe iii eaaeaony
oaaoieiaeae, ai aoi?ie i?ioeai?a/eai ii?aaeaeaiey. Eiae/aneea ioeaee,
iaeiaei, nieiathony, anee eiaoue a aeaeo iiiaicia/iinoue “aeyiue”.
Oiaaea iieo/aaony, /oi. /aeiaa/aneia ia/aei a /aeiaaea anoue oi naiia
ia/aei, a neeo eioi?iai ii iiaeao ethaeoue e iaiaaeaeaoue ethaeae.
Oi/iui i?aaenoaaeyaony oieeiaaiea oa?ieia “aeyiue”, eioi?ia aeaao
nia?aiaiiue eeoaeneee enneaaeiaaoaeue i?ioanni? *aeio Ao/yi: “*aeiaae
aeieaeai auoue /aeiaaeii”. Iaeaieaa aaeaeaaoiui ?onneei oa?ieiii aeey
iaicia/aiey “aeyiue” neaaeoao i?eciaoue “/aeiaaeiethaea”, “aoiaiiinoue”.
Eiioooeey iiiai ?ac ni?aoeaaee i oii, /oi oaeia “aeyiue”; n?aaee iiiaeo
ioaaoia anoue e oaeia eaeiie/iia ooaa?aeaeaiea: “Yoi cia/eo ethaeoue
ethaeae”. Ethaiaue e ethaeyi (ae aeyiue) ai a?aiaia Eiioooeey
iiieiaeanue eia/a, /ai naaiaeiy. “…Anee ae e eiaao a ae?aaieo oaenoao
cia/aiea “ethaiaue”, oi oieueei oaeia, eioi?ia iii eiaao ai o?aca
“oeaaou ethayo aiaeo”‘, — ieoao nia?aiaiiue enneaaeiaaoaeue
eiioooeeainoaa. Auei au iaaa?ii yoece?iaaoue iuneue Eiioooeey e
i?eienuaaoue aio eaeath naiioeaiiinoe ee/iinoe. ?a/ue nei?aa oea i oii,
/oi ethaee eniuouaatho ioaeaeo, iio?aaiinoue ae?oa a ae?oaa, e yoa
acaeiiay naycaiiinoue yaeyaony naiie aaaeiie oa?aeoa?enoeeie eo auoey.

Niaea?aeaiea “aeyiue” (aoiaiecia, /aeiaaeiethaey) eae iniiaiiieaaathuaai
i?eioeeia o/aiey Eiioooeey aeeth/aao Aeaa iieiaeaiey. Ia?aia:
ea/anoaaiiay ii?aaeaeaiiinoue auoey eiaeeaeaeia, auai? oiai eee eiiai
aaeoi?a ee/iinoiiai ?acaeoey caaeneo io ioiioaiee, eioi?ua
onoaiaaeeaathony iaaeaeo ieie, e au?aaeaaony a yoeo ioiioaieyo.
A?aoe/anee “aeyiue” ninoieo ec aeaoo ciaeia, iaicia/athueo
niioaaonoaaiii /aeiaaea e oeeo?o aeaa, oi anoue aeaa /aeiaaea.
Nianoaaiiia auoea /aeiaaea, eee /aeiaa/aneia ia/aei a /aeiaaea,
niaiaaeaao n ioiioaieyie iaaeaeo ethaeueie. Ia a i?e?iaeiuo iio?aaiinoyo
oaea e ia a ni?aaaaeeeainoe iaaaniiai iooe neaaeoao eneaoue oaeio
/aeiaaea, a a aai iauanoaaiiii noaoona. A “Eoiue tha” iienuaaaony
yieciae, eiaaea iaeei ec o/aieeia Eiioooeey ai a?aiy eo neeoaiee ni?inee
o iooaeueieeia i a?iaea. Oa ioaaoeee a oii aeooa, /oi ouaoii eneaoue
a?iae, eiaaea any Iiaeiaaaniay ioaa/aia iioiiii, e, aianoi oiai /oiau
aea?aeaoueny ca Eiioooeey, eioi?ue oi/ao oeoe io ii?aaeaeaiiuo ethaeae,
ia eo/oa ee neaaeiaaoue o/aiui ioaeai, aiiaua ecaaaathuei ie?neie noaou?
O/aiee ia?aaeae Eiioooeeth ioaao iooaeueieeia. Oio neacae: “Ni caa?yie e
ioeoeaie iaeuecy naeoueny a iaeio noath. Anee iia ia aiaeeoueny n yoeie
ethaeueie, oi n eai aiaeeoueny?” (ia?aaiae A. I. Ea?aiaoueyioea). O
/aeiaaea — naie oaeae, aeaaea anee ii oyaeeee; aio i?aaeiacia/aii
naeaaoueny a noath n oaeeie aea, eae ii, aeeoue a ethaeneie noaoa. E
caaea/a ia a oii, /oiau noaaeoue ianauoi/iua oeaee ooiaea io iauanoaa,
neieue au aunieeie iie ie auee, a a oii, /oiau iiaeoiaoue iaae
iaono?ienoaii /aeiaa/aneie “noae”, nioeeoia, aianoe a nai yoio nioeeoi
aa?iiie/aneia ia/aei. “Ia aaniieieny i oii, /oi ethaee oaay ia ciatho, a
aaniieieny i oii, /oi ou ia ciaaoue ethaeae”, — o/eo Eiioooeee.
*aeiaa/aneia i?aaeiacia/aiea /aeiaaea ninoieo a oii, /oiau i?aaeeueii
ioianoenue e ethaeyi. Ionthaea — aoi?ia iieiaeaiea: i?aaeeueiia
ioiioaiea e ethaeyi ninoieo ai acaeiiinoe, nooue eioi?ie eo/oa anaai
ia?aaeaaony i?aaeeii, eioi?ia a ?aieao aa?iiaeneie eoeueoo?iie
o?aaeeoeee iieo/eei iacaaiea cieioiai i?aaeea i?aanoaaiiinoe. “Oecu-aoi
ni?inee: “Iiaeii ee anth aeeciue ?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny iaeiei neiaii?”
O/eoaeue ioaaoee: “Yoi neiai — acaeiiinoue. Ia aeaeae ae?oaei oiai, /aai
ia aeaeaaoue naaa”. Yoi iaaeaoniuneaiiia auneacuaaiea Eiioooeey ia
yaeyaony aaeeinoaaiiui, a eioi?ii cieioia i?aaeei i?aanoaaiiinoe
?anniao?eaaaony a ea/anoaa e?eoa?ey i?aaeeueiiai auai?a aeeciaiiie eeiee
iiaaaeaiey, O/aiea Eiioooeey oeaeinoii. Iii ia ?an/eaiaii ia ioaeaeueiua
aaoiiiiiua eee aeaaea ioiineoaeueii aaoiiiiiua /anoe (yoeeo, iaoaoeceeo
e o. ae.). Anee iieueciaaoueny aa?iiaeneei ia?acii iao/iinoe
aoiaieoa?iie oai?ee, eioi?ay no?ieony ii iaoiaeo ainoiaeaeaiey io
aano?aeoiiai e eiie?aoiiio, oi caeanue iao noaaeee aano?aeoiiai ciaiey,
eiaaea oa eee eiay noi?iia oeaeinoiiai iauaeoa aano?aae?oaony io iaai e
eco/aaony oae, eae anee au iia naia auea naiinoiyoaeueiui iauaeoii. I?e
aeaeaiee iai?aiaiii iaeiaeeoue yoo iiciaaaoaeueioth noaio ia o/aiea
Eiioooeey neaaeiaaei au ia?aaa?iooue aa eiaeeo e aiai?eoue i aeaeaeaiee
io eiie?aoiiai e aano?aeoiiio, aaea ?ieue aano?aeoiie noaaeee ea?atho
i?aeoe/anee-ainieoaoaeueiua oneeey. Eiioooeee n naiiai ia/aea eiaao
aeaei n enoeiie a aa eiie?aoiie iiiainoi?iiiinoe. Eaoaai?ee Eiioooeey —
ia ioaeaeueiua oceu, eioi?ua iioii aeieaeiu neiaeeoueny a ia/oi aaeeiia,
iie n naiiai ia/aea aunooiatho a ninoaaa oeaeiai eae iaeay
io?aaeathuayny ae?oa a ae?oaa nenoaia ca?eae. Iaeio eaoaai?eth iaeuecy
iiiyoue aac aa niioianaiiinoe ni anaie ae?oaeie. Yoi ioiineony e e
eaoaai?ee “aeyiue”.

Aeey iiieiaiey /aeiaaeiethaey eae eiioooeeaineie eaoaai?ee nouanoaaiii
oi, /oi iii a naiai iaoa?eaeueiii niaea?aeaiee niaiaaeaao n ?eooaeii.
*aeiaaeiethaea i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iauee i?eioeei ioiioaiee iaaeaeo
ethaeueie, ?eooae — aai eiie?aoiia aiieiuaiea. *aeiaaeiethaea – aeooa
nioeeoia, ?eooae – aai ieioue. “ssiue THaiue ni?inee i /aeiaaeiethaee.
O/eoaeue ioaaoee: “Naea?aeeaaoue naay, n oai /oiau ai anai
niioaaonoaiaaoue o?aaiaaieyi ?eooaea, — yoi e anoue /aeiaaeiethaea”.

Ee: ?eooae

Oa?iei “?eooae” (eeoaeneee “ee”) ano?a/aaony a “Eoiue tha” 74 eee 75
?ac; aii?in ia?aaiaea “ee” anoue oaeaea aii?in aai oieeiaaiey,
enneaaeiaaoaee ia?yaeo n oa?ieiii “?eooae” eniieuecotho oaeaea:
“i?aaeea”, “oea?aiiiee”, “yoeeao”, “ia?yae”, A naiii iauai ieaia iiae
?eooaeii iiaeii iiieiaoue eiie?aoiua ia?acoeu iauanoaaiii aeinoieiiai
iiaaaeaiey, aeeth/ay eae aioo?aiiea ii?aeueiua ea/anoaa, oae e aiaoiea
oeene?iaaiiua noaiu iiaaaeaiey. ”…Yoi naiaai ?iaea nioeeaeueiay
niacea, eioi?ay niinianoaoao nouanoaiaaieth e noaaeeecaoeee iauanoaa eae
aaeeiiai, oeaeueiiai i?aaiecia, nio?aiyy oaeei ia?acii naycue a?aiai”‘.
?eooae iiaeii oaeaea iacaaoue ?acuaaeeiythua-niaaeeiythuei i?ino?ainoaii
iaaeaeo eiaeeaeaeaie — oaeei i?ino?ainoaii, eioi?ia niaaeeiyao ethaeae e
iaeiia?aiaiii aea?aeeo eo ia ?annoiyiee, iaiaoiaeeiii aeey oiai, /oiau
aeiee?iaaoue iianiua aeey nio?oaeie/anoaa eiioeeeou iaaeaeo ieie,
eioi?ia iicaieyao ei aeaenoaiaaoue aianoa, i?iaeoeoeaii iauaoueny,
inoaaaynue ?aciuie ii i?e?iaeiiio e nioeeaeueiiio noaoono. *a?ac ?eooae
au?aaeaaony iauanoaaiiay ni?acia?iinoue eiaeeaeaeia. *aeiaaeiethaea eae
ii?iaoeaiay i?ia?aiia au?aaeaaony iaeiei o?aaiaaieai — acaeiiinoue.
Iaeiaei ethaee, iaaeaeo eioi?uie yoa acaeiiinoue aeieaeia
ooaa?aeaeaoueny, yaeythony ?aciuie. ?eooae i?aaenoaaeyao niinia ?aoaiey
yoie aieiaieiiee; eae ?aaeeciaaoue ?aaainoai a ioiioaiee iaaeaeo
ia?aaiuie ethaeueie?

Aoiaiiay iniiaa ?eooaea ?aaeecoaony a oii, /oi ii iaania/eaaao niaeanea
a iauanoaa, i?aiaeieaaaao eiioeeeou, niooo. Eniieueciaaiea ?eooaea
oeaiii iioiio, /oi iii i?eaiaeeo ethaeae e niaeaneth . *a?ac ?eooae
iaeei /aeiaae i?eieiaao ae?oaiai e aeaiiino?e?oao aio naia /aeiaa/aneia
ioiioaiea, eiaiii iiyoiio ?eooae ia naiaeeony e aiaoiaio oea?aiiieaeo,
oioy, ?acoiaaony, e ia iiaeao nouanoaiaaoue aac iaai. Ii cia/ei eae
i?aeoe/anee aiieiuaiiia oaaaeaiea e eiie?aoiiio /aeiaaeo, ?aaeinoue
niauoey n iei. “Oecu-ny ni?inee i ii/oeoaeueiinoe e ?iaeeoaeyi. O/eoaeue
ioaaoee: “O?oaeii iinoiyiii au?aaeaoue ?aaeinoue. ?acaa iiaeii n/eoaoue
ii/oeoaeueiinoueth e ?iaeeoaeyi oieueei oi, /oi aeaoe ?aaioatho ca ieo e
i?aaeeaaatho ei ia?aui ioaaaeaoue aeii e ieuo?”. Eae ie aaaeiu
i?aaiaoe/aneay (niaea?aeaiea ?iaeeoaeae) e ynoaoe/anee-ia?yaeiaay
(aiaoiea ciaee oaaaeaiey) noi?iiu ?eooaea, iie ana-oaee ia aa?aioe?otho
aa?iiieth /aeiaa/aneeo acaeiiioiioaiee. ?eooae anoue ia/oi aieueoaa. N
iei naycaii niciaiea aeinoieinoaa /aeiaa/aneiai nouanoaiaaiey. Aac
i?aanoaaiiiai /aeiaa/aneiai iaiieiaiey ii ia niioaaonoaoao naiaio
iauanoaaiiiio i?aaeiacia/aieth. Yoeea ?eooaea anoue yoeea eiie?aoiuo
/aeiaa/aneeo acaeiiioiioaiee. Iia enoiaeeo ec oaaaeaeaiey, /oi
/aeiaa/aneia niaeanea aaaeiaa aano?aeoiuo enoei. Aeoiaoue eia/a — cia/eo
ioe?uoue aei?iao ianeii/aaiui eiioeeeoai. “Ethaee n ?aciuie i?eioeeiaie
ia iiaoo iaeoe iauaai ycuea”, — aiai?eo Eiioooeee. Iiyoiio ia iiaeao
auoue aieaa aunieiai i?eioeeia, /ai /aeiaa/iinoue, ?aaeeciaaiiay ai anai
iiiaiia?acee yiie?e/aneeo acaeiiioiioaiee ethaeae. A “Eoiue tha” anoue
oaeie caia/aoaeueiue yieciae: “Oecu-aoi oioae iieiaeeoue eiiaoe iau/ath
i?eianaiey a aea?oao aa?aia a ia?aue aeaiue ianyoea. O/eoaeue neacae:
“Nu! Ou caaioeoueny i aa?aia, a y caai/onue i ?eooaea”. ?eooae,
iaania/eaathuee niaeaniia nouanoaiaaiea ethaeae, neiaieece?othuee eo
acaeiioth /aeiaa/aneoth naycaiiinoue, nai anoue i?aanoaaiiay ia?a
iiaaaeaiey; ?acoiaaony, ?eooae iiaeaeaeai, eciai/ea, ii ia naiae iniiaa
e ii naiei caeiiai, ii iaoycaei aeey aiaoia aano?aeoiie e?eoeee, aeaaea
anee ?a/ue eaeao i oaeie aunieie enoeia, eae aeaeinoue e aeeaioiui.

Niaea?aeaoaeueiuie iniiaaieyie ?eooaea a eiioooeeaineii iiieiaiee
yaeythony nuiiaiyy ii/oeoaeueiinoue(nyi) e eni?aaeaiea eiai (/aeyi iei).
Nuiiaiyy ii/oeoaeueiinoue iaania/eaaao i?aainoaaiiinoue iieieaiee,
eni?aaeaiea eiai — ooieoeeiie?iaaiea iauanoaa a oneiaeyo nioeeaeueiuo
?aiaiai-ea?a?oe/aneeo ?acee/ee.

Niaeanii o/aieth Eiioooeey eaeaae /aeiaa/aneiai nouanoaiaaiey caeeth/ai
a ae?aaiinoe. Ae?aaiinoue caaeaao ii?io e ia?acaoe aeinoieiiai
iiaaaeaiey. Niioaaonoaaiii aaeoi? i?aanoaaiiuo oneeee /aeiaaea iai?aaeai
iacaae, ia oi, /oiau iiaeiyoueny aei o?iaiy eaeaaeueiiai i?ioeiai.
“O/eoaeue neacae: “ss ia?aaeath, ii ia nicaeath; y aa?th a ae?aaiinoue e
ethaeth aa. Oaeay onoaiiaea ?aaeecoaony a o?aaiaaiee ii/oeoaeueiiai
ioiioaiey e ?iaeeoaeyi, i?aaeeai, oaaaeaiey e noa?oei aiiaua.
“Ii/oeoaeueiinoue e ?iaeeoaeyi e oaaaeeoaeueiinoue e noa?oei a?aoueyi –
yoi iniiaa /aeiaaeiethaey”. Oieueei ia oaeii iacuaeaiii ooiaeaiaioa
aiciiaeii ecaaaeaoue nioo. aeinoe/ue niaeaney a iauanoaa. Nuiiaithth
ii/oeoaeueiinoue iaeuecy iiieiaoue eae iaeoth ii?io, ionoue aeaaea e
i/aiue aaaeioth, auoaeathuoth ec ii?aee; iia naia e anoue ii?aeue a aa
iaoa?eaeueiii aiieiuaiee. Ioaoe yaeyaony aeey nuia aaniethoiie yoe/aneie
einoaioeeae. Ia?anooieoue /a?ac iooea iaaiciiaeii ie i?e eaeeo oneiaeyo.
A “Eoiue tha” anoue i?eioeeieaeueiue o?aaiaio: “A-aoi neacae Eoi-oecu:
“O ian anoue i?yiie /aeiaae. Eiaaea aai ioaoe oe?ae aa?aia, nui aunooiee
naeaeaoaeai i?ioea iooea”. Eoi-oecu neacae: “I?yiua ethaee o ian
ioee/athony io aaoeo. Iooeu ne?uaatho ioeaee nuiiaae, a nuiiauey
iie?uaatho ioeaee iooeia, a yoii e ninoieo i?yiioa”. Ii/oaiea nuia e
iooeo – ia?ae/iia, ia ?aceaaaaiia i?aanoaaiiia ioiioaiea. Ia nouanoaoao
ie/aai, ieeaeeo i?eioeeiia, eioa?ania, oeaiiinoae e o. i., /oi iiaei au
ii?aaaeaoue aei iineoaeuenoai ia iooea. Iao oaeie i?aanoaaiiie
einoaioeee, eioi?ay auea au aeey eiaeeaeaea auoa aai eiie?aoiiai aeeaiai
iooea. *aeiaaeiethaea iaio?uaii io nuiiaiae ii/oeoaeueiinoe. A
iineaaeothuai yoa eiioooeeaineay onoaiiaea iieo/eea io?aaeaiea a
th?eaee/aneie i?aeoeea: auee ecaeaiu caeiiu, cai?auaaoea aeiiineoue ia
?iaeeoaeae; a oeaca io 66 aiaea aei i.y. eiia?aoi?a Nthaiue-aee
i?aaeienuaaeinue, /oi nui oe?uaaao iooea e iaoue, aeaia oe?uaaao ioaea,
aioe oe?uaaao aeaaea e aaaeo, a a n?aaeia aaeiaii naiaea caeiiia
aeiiineoaeuenoai ia iooea, iaoue, aeaaea, aaaeo ea?aeinue nia?oiie
eaciueth. Nuiiaiyy ii/oeoaeueiinoue – e?aaoaieueiue eaiaiue caeaiey
eeoaeneie oeeaeeecaoeee.

I?aanoaaiiay ia?auaiiinoue Eiioooeey e i?ioeiio ?anniao?eaaaony eiiaaea
eae naeaeaoaeuenoai eiina?aaoecia aai iuoeaiey. A aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe
Eiioooeee ia yaeyaony i?eioeeieaeueiui i?ioeaieeii eciaiaiee a iauanoaa
iaiiaeaiey aai oi?i. Ii aiiaua ?aoaao ae?oaoth i?iaeaio — eae aiciiaeii
niaeanea iaaeaeo ethaeueie? Eiioooeee ia ?anniao?eaaao no?aieaiea e
iiaiio, aeaaeaeo oai?/anoaa eae naiioeaiiinoue. Ie? e iieie a iauanoaa
aaaeiaa aai iaiiaeaiey. Aii?in iiyoiio noieo oae: eae aiciiaeiu
eciaiaiey a iauanoaa, ia ?ac?uaathuea naycue a?aiai, ia i?eaiaeyuea e
niooai e oaino, eae aiciiaeiu ia?aiaiu aac aeoaieeo enoi?e/aneeo
i?iaaeia? Aeey yoiai ii iiaieth Eiioooeey, anoue oieueei iaeei iooue –
aeaaeaea ia?aiai ia aeieaeia iinyaaoue ia i?aanoaaiiue eoeueo i?aaeeia.
Eiioooeee aiai?eo: “Neoaee naiei ?iaeeoaeyi, iyaei oaauaaae eo. Anee
aeaeeoue, /oi iie i?iyaeytho ianiaeanea, niiaa i?iyae ii/oeoaeueiinoue e
ia eaee i?ioea eo aiee. Onoaa ia iaeaeaeny ia ieo”. Niaeanea ?iaeeoaeae
yaeyaony oneiaeai e i?aaeaeii iiaaoi?neeo ono?aieaiee aeaoae. Iaeia ec
ii?i eiioooeeaineiai ?eooaea i?aaeienuaaao aeaoyi nio?aiyoue ii?yaeee,
caaaaeaiiua iooeii a oa/aiea o?ao eao iinea aai nia?oe.

Ec noa?iai auaiaeeoue iiaia, a ia ?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny aano?aeoiui
aeieaeainoaiaaieai, /a?iaoue eaeaaeu a ninoiyaoainy i?ioeii, a ia
i?iaeaiaoe/iii aoaeouai, auae?aoue niieienoaea eiina?aaoecia, a ia
?acaei?u i?ia?annecia — oae iiaeii auei au noi?ioee?iaaoue yoe/aneee
iaoin iao?ea?oaeueiie aeneieiaee Eiioooeey. I?e aa ioeaiea neaaeoao
eiaoue a aeaeo. /oi ia?iae, ?oeiaiaenoaothueeny yoie ii?ieeiooie a
i?ioeia aeneieiaeae, ieacaeny naiui ieiaeiaeoui e iiiai/eneaiiui ia
caiea.

Nuiiaiyy ii/oeoaeueiinoue onoaiaaeeaaao acaeiiinoue a ioiioaieyo iaaeaeo
ia?aaiuie ethaeueie ii ine a?aiaie (ii/anoe eioi?ua nui ieacuaaao iooeo,
aica?auathony e iaio /a?ac aai nianoaaiiuo aeaoae). Oo aea ooieoeeth
au?aaieaaiey /aeiaa/aneeo ioiioaiee a nioeeaeueiii i?ino?ainoaa
auiieiyao eiioeaioeey eni?aaeaiey eiai, nooue eioi?ie au?aaeaao
neaaeothuay oi?ioea Eiioooeey: “Ainoaea?ue aeieaeai auoue ainoaea?ai,
naiiaiee – naiiaieeii ioaoe- iooeii nui – nuiii”. “Anee eiaia
iai?aaeeueiu, oi neiaa ia eiatho iiae niaie iniiaaiee, Anee neiaa ia
eiatho iiae niaie iniiaaiee, oi aeaea ia iiaoo inouanoaeyoueny. Anee
aeaea ia iiaoo inouanoaeyoueny oi ?eooae e iocuea ia i?ioeaaoatho. Anee
?eooae e iocuea ia i?ioeaaoatho, iaeacaiey ia i?eiaiythony iaae /aaeauei
ia?acii. Anee iaeacaiey ia i?eiaiythony ia eaaeauei ia?acii, ia?iae ia
ciaao, eae naay aanoe. Iioiio aeaai?iaeiue ioae aeaaay eiaia, aeieaeai
i?ieciineoue eo i?aaeeueii (Eni?aaeaiea eiai — oi?ia ioaaonoaaiiiai
iauanoaaiiiai iiaaaeaiey, yaeythuaainy oneiaeai aeaaiiieo/ey
ainoaea?noaa. Ethaee ?acee/athony iaaeaeo niaie ii nioeeaeueiiio noaoono
e ianoo, eioi?ia iie caieiatho a nenoaia iauanoaaiiiai ?acaeaeaiey
o?oaea. Yoei a ?anoouae ia?a ii?aaeaeyaony naiaia?acea eo /aeiaa/aneiai
iaeeea (ii naiae i?e?iaea [ethaee] aeecee ae?oa ae?oao; ii naiei
i?eau/eai [ethaee] aeaeaee ae?oa io ae?oaa”). Aeey oiai /oiau o
/aeiaaea, i?eiaaeeaaeauaai e ii?aaeaeaiiiio nineiaeth e auiieiythuaai
ii?aaeaeaiioth ooieoeeth, onoaiiaeeenue aeinoieiua ioiioaiee n ae?oaeie
ethaeueie, ne aeieaeai aeinoieii ioianoenue e naiiio naaa — auoue ia
o?iaia nianoaaiiiai iaoanoaaiiiai i?aaeiacia/aiey.. Ayaeiiinoue
ioiioaiee a iauanoaa ?aaeecoaony a i?ioeanna iauanoaa ?acee/iuie
aeayoaeueiinoyie. Aiaaonoai niaianoiie aeecie neeaaeuaaaony ec
?aciiia?acey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo iiceoeee e aeayoaeueiinoae, eaaeaeue
eiaeeaeae iiyoiio aeieaeai auoue i?aaeaea anaai ?aaai naiiio naaa,
naiaio iniaiio iauanoaaiiiio iieiaeaieth. Eni?aaeaiea eiai iiaeii
n/eoaoue eiioooeeaineie aa?neae oiai, /oi a o?aaeeoeee aa?iiaeneie yoeee
aunooiaao eae o?aaiaaiea /anoiiai auiieiaiey naiaeiiai e
i?ioanneiiaeueii-iauanoaaiiiai aeieaa.

Anee ethaee auaeatho naay ia ca oao, eai iie a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe
yaeythony, anee neiaa eo eaeeau, a aeaea ia niioaaonoaotho iaeeaeaieyi,
eioi?ua nii?yaeaiu n auiieiyaiuie eie ooieoeeyie, oi a ioiioaieyo
iaaeaeo ieie niaeanea niaiyaony niooie. Iauanoaaiiay aeeciue ieacuaaaony
iaaeinooiiie aeey ?aoeeiiaeueiiai iiieiaiey e oii?yaei/aiey. Eni?aaeaiea
eiai – iaiaoiaeeiia oneiaea eni?aaeaiey ioiioaiee. Iii yaeyaony ia?ie
ioaaonoaaiiiai ioiioaiey e neiao.

N oi/ee c?aiey Eiioooeey, aieaa aunieia iieiaeaiea /aeiaa/aneii e
nioeeaeueiie ea?a?oee aeieaeii auoue aa?aioe?iaaii aieaa aunieei o?iaiai
i?aanoaaiiuo iaycaiiinoae e eoeueoo?iiai ?acaeoey. Iecu aeieaeiu auoue
i?aaeaiu, iineooiu aa?oai, aa?oe — aaeeeiaeooiu ii ioiioaieth e iecai.
Aaeeeiaeooea aa?oia (eae ai?i/ai, i?aaeaiiinoue iecia) — yoi e
ii?aeueiue auai?, e auoaeathuay ec eo iieiaeaiey nioeeaeueiay
iaycaiiinoue. Aeinoieiia, ia?acoeiaia iiaaaeaiea, niaethaeaiea ?eooaea
anoue a ii?ia oa ea/anoaa, a neeo eioi?uo ethaee iiaoo iaoiaeeoueny
iaaa?oo. O/eoaeue neacae: “Anee ee/iia iiaaaeaiea oao [eoi noieo
iaaa?oo], i?aaeeueii, aeaea eaeoo, oioy e ia ioaeatho i?eeacia. Anee aea
ee/iia iiaaaeaiea oao, [eoi noieo iaaa?oo], iai?aaeeueii, oi, oioy
i?eeacuaatho, [ia?iae] ia iiaeioaony”.

Ionthaea — ia?iiiay ?ieue ia?aciaaiey, eoeueoo?u, ainieoaiey. Yoe
iiiyoey o Eiioooeey ia auee ?acaaaeaiu, Ana iie aoiaeyo a niaea?aeaiea
aaaeiiai oa?ieia “ayiue”, ia?aiia/aeueii (a iaaeienyo ia eiueneeo einoyo
XIV—XII aaeia aei i. y.) icia/aaoaai /aeiaaea n ?ac?eniaaiiui ooeiaeuai,
oaooe?iaeo, a o Eiioooeey eiaaoaai niune eoeueoo?u, caia/aoeaiiie a
neiaa, eieaeiinoe, o/aiinoe, “Ayiue” oa?aeoa?ecoao iai?e?iaeiua
iniiaaiey /aeiaa/aneiai auoey. Oeeaeeeciaaiiinoue ninoieo i?aaeaea anaai
a oii, /oi ianoi niiioaiiuo no?anoae caieiaao i?iaeoiaiiia neiai,
Ainieoaiiinoue (“ayiue”), auaiaeyuay /aeiaaea ec i?e?iaeiiai ninoiyiey,
iiaeao i?ioeainoiyoue i?e?iaea, a yoii neo/aa ?acoeueoaoii yaeyaony
iniaiai ?iaea aeaoi?iaoeey, eioi?oth Eiioooeee eiaioao ia/aoie/anoaii.
Ii iia aea iiaeao i?aia?aciaaoue eiaeeaeaea e noaoue aai iiaui anoanoaii
(oai, /oi, iieuecoynue eaoaai?eyie aa?iiaeneie eoeueoo?u, iiaeii auei au
iacaaoue “aoi?ie i?e?iaeie”), e oiaaea /aeiaae aeinoeaaao aa?oeiu
ee/iinoiiai ?acaeoey — noaiiaeony aeaai?iaeiui ioaeai. “O/eoaeue neacae:
“Anee a /aeiaaea anoanoaaiiinoue i?aainoiaeeo ainieoaiiinoue, ii
iiaeiaai aea?aaaiueia. Anee aea ainieoaiiinoue i?aainoiaeeo
anoanoaaiiinoue, ii iiaeiaai o/aiiio eieaeieeo. Iinea oiai eae
ainieoaiiinoue e anoanoaaiiinoue a /aeiaaea o?aaiiaanyo ae?oa ae?oaa, ii
noaiiaeony aeaai?iaeiui ioaeai” . A yoii o?aaiaioa au?aaeaia nooue anaai
aai o/aiey, ?anniio?aiiiai a ii?aeueii-iaaeaaiae/aneii aniaeoa.

5 Cieioay na?aaeeia Aoaeaeu

Niaeanii Aoaeaea, nouanoaoao /aou?a ?iaea aii?inia, eioi?ua ?acee/athony
iaaeaeo niaie oa?aeoa?ii ioaaoia ia ieo. Ia iaeie aii?inu aeathony
iaeiicia/iua ioaaou, ia ae?oaea — n iaiai?eaie, ia o?aouee ioaa/atho
ano?a/iui aii?inii, ia /aoaa?oua — ioeeiiaieai aii?ina. Iaeiicia/iuo
ioaaoia o?aaotho aii?inu oeia: “Ia?aciia a?aiii?”, “Iuouaiea a?aiii?”,
“?aniiciaaaiea a?aiii?”, “Neaaaaiua a?aiiu?”, “Niciaiea a?aiii?”
(caeanue ?a/ue eaeao i aiinaieiae/aneeo oi?iao iyoe i?eaycaiiinoae e
ie?o, eioi?ua a iiaaaeai/aneii aniaeoa iai?a/eaathony iyoueth ii?ieaie —
neoiinoueth, iaiaaenoueth, ai?aeuiae, aeoiinoueth, eiaeiuie acaeyaeaie).
N iaiai?eie ioaa/atho ia aii?inu oeia: “A?aiiia — yoi ia?aciia?”,
“A?aiiia — yoi iuouaiea?” Ano?a/iui aii?inii ioaa/atho ia aii?in oeia:
“C?aieai [ee nouanoai] ana ?aniiciaao?” Aii?inu, ia eioi?ua ioaa/atho eo
ioeeiiaieai, neaaeothuea: “Ie? aa/ai eee iao?”, “Ie? aaneiia/ai eee
iao?”.. “Iaeii ee e oi aea aeooa e oaei?” “Nouanoaoao ee oaooaoaoa iinea
nia?oe”? Ia?aoth a?oiio aii?inia iiaeii iaicia/eoue eae
niuniiaeeciaiioth. A ieo oaeoe/anee ?anoeo?iauaaaony eeoue iaeei aieaa
iauee aii?in i oii, eaeie niune caeeth/ai a ie?neii nouanoaiaaiee.
Aoi?ay e o?aouey a?oiiu aii?inia ioaaouaath! ciaiey i ie?a. *aoaa?ooth
a?oiio ninoaaeytho iaoaoece/aneea aii?inu. Aii?in i niunea eee oeaee
/aeiaa/aneiai nouanoaiaaiey o?aaoao iae/icia/iiai ioaaoa, eai aac yoiai
iaaiciiaeii nouanoaiaaoue. Anee /aeiaae aeeaao, oi ii anaaaea aeeaao
ca/ai-oi e aeey /aai-oi. Iaaei oieueei auynieoue, eaeay oeaeue yaeyaony
i?aaeeueiie. Aoaeaea oiaao -ii aeaeaoue. Iioiio ii e n/eoaaony
i?inaaoeaiiui (Aoaeaeie). Ciaiey i ie?a anaaaea yaeythony iaiieiuie e
iaoi/iuie, iie o?aaotho iinoiyiiith iiiieeaiey e eiie?aoecaoeee. Iie
nouanoaaiii caaenyo io i?aeoe/aneiai ioiioaiey /aeiaaea e ie?o, oi anoue
io ioaaoa ia ia?aue aii?in. Iaoaoece/aneea aii?inu anaaaea inoathony
aii?inaie. Ia ieo ia iiaeao auoue ii?aaeaeaiiiai ioaaoa. “Iao ie
i?e/eiu, ie iniiau, /oiau ioaa/aoue ia ieo, iioiio eo e ioeeiiytho” . Eo
iiaeii ioeeiieoue oai aieaa eaaei, /oi iie i?yii ia naycaiu n ia?aui
aii?inii i niunea aeecie.

Eoae, niuneiaeeciaiiia ciaiea aaniethoii. Ciaiea i ie?a ioiineoaeueii e
oneiaii. Iaoaoece/aneea aii?inu iaicia/atho a?aieoeu ?aoeeiiaeueiiai
iiciaiey e, ii nooe aeaea, ionueatho e ia?aie a?oiia aii?inia. Aii?inu
aa/iinoe e aannia?oey yaeythony i?aeoe/aneeie aii?inaie, e ioaaou ia ieo
eaaeao a noa?a ii?aee. I?aeoe/aneay yoeea auea i?aeiouanoaaiiui, anee ia
aaeeinoaaiiui i?aaeiaoii eioa?ana Aoaeaeu, ana o/aiea eioi?iai anoue
iiene iaoie/oiaeaaiiai niunea aeecie, iooe nianaiey, Enoiaeiui ioieoii
aeeciao/aiey Aoaeaeu yaeyaony eiinoaoaoeey oiai, /oi ie ianeaaeaeaiee
aeeciueth, ie oia?uaeaiea no?anoae ia aaaeoo e aeaaeainoao. Auaiae” yoio
aue auno?aaeai Aoaeaeie. Ia?aua aeaaaeoeaoue aeaayoue eao aeecie ii
iaia?aie/aiii e ecuneaiii ianeaaeaeaeny, /oi caeii/eeinue ath aathoaii
ec niaoeeaeueii iiaeaioiaeaiiiai aeey aai oaeiaieuenoaee ?aeneiai
ooieea. Iineaaeothuea oanoue-naiue eao ii i?ioae /a?ac no?iaue
aneaoe/aneee iiuo, eiai ?ue oaeaea caeii/eeny io?eoeaoaeueiui eoiaii; a
aneaca iianiinoue oia?aoue i?aaeoanoaoao aiciiaeiinoe nianoenue Aoaeaea
ia auyaeye eiae/aneea i?iaeai?a/ey a “eo iiey?iuo ia?acao aeecie, ii
eniuouaa-; eo i?aeoe/anee. E eniuoae a oaeeo i?aaeaeueiuo oi?iao, n
oaeeie ia?aa?oceaie, eioi?ua i?eaeatho aai “yenia?eiaioo” ianiiiaiioth
aeieacaoaeueioth neeo. I?i Aoaeaeo iaeuecy neacaoue, /oi ii
iaaeinoaoi/ii ianeaaeaeaeny eee ia oae ianeaaeaeaeny, oi/ii oae aea
iaeuecy neacaoue, /oi ii iaaeinoaoi/ii eaee ia oae enoycae naay. E anee
au aaaeiieci eae eoeueoeae?iaaiea ieioe, eneonnoai ianeaaeaeaiey, n
iaeiie noi?iiu, e aneaca eae oia?uaeaiea ieioe, naiaai ?iaea eneonnoai
no?aaeaiey — n ae?oaie, aiiaua auee niiniaiu i?eaanoe e eneiiiio
ninoiyieth aeaaeainoaa, oi Aoaeaea iai?aiaiii aeinoea au ath, eai ii
i?ioae iaa iooe aei eiioea.

Iiae aeaaeainoaii a naiii iauai niunea iiieiaaony o?oaeiiii?aaeaeeiia
ninoiyiea /aeiaa/aneie caaa?oaiiinoe, eiaaea eiaeeaeae i?aiaeieaaaao
naith aioo?aiithth niooo e aeinoeaaao oiaeaeanoaa n naiei niaie. Eiaaea
ii iieiinoueth aeiaieai e ia oi/ao ie/aai ae?oaiai, eiaaea ii, ia?acii
aiai?y, iiaeao i?inoi inoaiiaeoue /anu, eai ii – aia a?aiaie e ie/aai
eo/oa oiai, /oi ii oaea eiaao, ia auaaao. Aeey Aoaeaeu, eioi?ue au?in ia
eiaeeeneie, aeooiaiie ii/aa, iiiyoea aeaaeainoaa niioianaii n
i?aaenoaaeaieai i ie?neii auoee eae oeaie ia?aoiaeia ec iaeiiai
nouanoaiaaiey a ae?oaia a oe?ieii aeeaiaciia, io aiaia (aiae iaoiaeyony
aioo?e ie?a) aei iaeoaoaeae aaea. I?e yoii eaaeaeia nouanoaiaaiea
nii?yaeaii ni no?aaeaieyie, oioy ?acieoea ii yoiio e?eoa?eth iaaeaeo
?acee/iuie noa?aie nouanoaiaaiey ia?iiia. Oaeie ia?ac ie?a iaicia/aaony
oa?ieiii naina?a, /oi aoeaaeueii icia/aao “e?oaiai?io”, “ia?aoiae /a?ac
?acee/iua ninoiyiey”. Aio eae yoi iauaeiaeeeneia i?aaenoaaeaiea i
/a?aaea ?iaeaeaiee e nia?oae iienuaaao eiaeeeneee oeeinio Iiaiai a?aiaie
Aeaaeaiaiaea: “Eaaeaeay ec oi?i aeecie, io /a?ayea aei /aeiaaea, iioiaea
ia eaaeieo ia aeaaioneii y?ia?i/iii eieana, eioi?ia ana a?aiy a?auaaony,
ii iannaaee?u a eaaeieao iaiythony. *aeiaae caae?aaony a eaaeieo,
aeaeaeaony aianoa n eieanii, iioii auoiaeeo, a eieani i?iaeieaeaao
a?auaoueny. Aeooa aoiaeeo a eaeoth-oi oi?io, /a?ac iaeioi?ia a?aiy
inoaaeyao aa, ia?aoiaey a ae?oaoth, caoai a o?aoueth e oae aeaeaa.
E?oaiai?io aoaeao i?iaeieaeaoueny aei oao ii?, iiea aeooa ia inoaaeo
eieani e ia inaiaiaeeony. Aeaaeainoai e ninoieo a oii. /oiau au?aaoueny
ec e?oaiai?ioa ?iaeaeaiee e nia?oae. Ia eiaeea oaeiaieuenoaee e eiaeea
naiienoycaiee iaaiciiaeii ia?aieuoue ieaai nai na?u. Oaaaeeaoenue a
yoii, Aoaeaea noae eneaoue e iaoae o?aoee iooue, n i?ieeaiaoeee eioi?iai
ia/eiaaony ”Noo?a caionea eieana i?iiiaaaee”:

“Anoue, i iiiaoe, aeaa e?aeiinoe,

eioi?ui ionoue ia neaaeoao iiaeaeaeiee.

Eaeea aeaa?

Iaeia yoi neeiiiinoue ei anyeei iioioyi,

eae aoiaiii iioeay,

ieceay, ioaeeoeeay, i?inoiia?iaeiay,

iaa?eeneay, aanniuneiiy.

Ae?oaay – yoi neeiiiinoue naay ecio?youe,

oyaeeay, iaa?eeneay, aanniuneaiiay.

Ii ie e oie, ie e ae?oaie e?aeiinoe ia eeiiyony

aa?iay n?aaeeiiay aei?iaa,

e aei eiioea iinoeaioiay oaooaaaoie;

aeaeaiea aea?othuay, ciaiea aea?othuay,

e oie?ioai?aieth, e iinoeaeaieth, e i?iaoaeaaeaieth,

e oniieiaieth aaaeao.”

O?aoee iooue ia yaeyaony eiiaeiaoeeae ia?auo aeaoo. Yoi — ia
?aaiiaeaenoaothuay aaaeiiecia e aneaoecia “Aa?ioth n?aaeeiioth aei?iao”
Aoaeaeu iaeuecy oiiaeiaeyoue ecaanoiiio iai ec a?a/aneie aioe/iinoe
i?eioeeio ia?u. Aoaeaea aiai?eo ia ia oia?aiee no?anoae. No?anoyi
oaiaeeoue iaaiciiaeii. E eae au ie ioiineoueny e iei, oaeaaeaoue ee eo
euenoeai, iiaeaaeyoue ee aaniiuaaeii, eee ni/aoaoue eanoue n
no?iainoueth a ?aciuo i?iii?oeeyo, iie ia eciaiyo naiae oaiiie
e??aoeeiiaeueiie i?e?iaeu. Aoaeaea, eae ii n/eoaao, ia?aaiaeeo
aeayoaeueiinoue ia iiaoth iniiao, eiaaea eeoaaony niunea oi eee eiia
ioiioaiea e no?anoyi, eiaaea no?anoe aiiaua en/acatho a ea/anoaa
i?aaeiaoa, /a?ac ioiioaiea e eioi?ui /aeiaae ii?aaeaeyao naith
i?aanoaaiioth eaeaioe/iinoue. Ii iiaeiyeny auoa no?anoai, au?aaeny ec
oao i?aaeaeia, aaea no?anoe /oi-oi ?aoatho. A oae eae no?anoe a
ea/anoaa ianeaaeaeaiee e no?aaeaiee yaeythony noauaeoeaiui au?aaeaieai
aeecie a aa iiceoeaiii e iaaaoeaiii i?iyaeaieyo, oi iiaeiyoueny iaae
ieie icia/aao au?aaoueny ec oeaie ?iaeaeaiee e nia? oae. Aa?iay
n?aaeeiiay aei?iaa Aoaeaeu oaiaeeo ec no?aiu no?anoae. Anee io
nooiiooiiai ia?aca ia?aeoe e ii?neiio, oi iiaeii neacaoue, /oi yoi —
naiaai ?iaea aieoaaiue ei?aaeue, ia eioi?ii iiaeii ia?aieuoue /a?ac
ieaai naina?u.

*aou?a aeaai?iaeiua enoeiu

A iniiaa aeeciao/aiey Aoaeaeu eaaeao /aou?a aeaai?iaeiua enoeiu,
ioe?uaoeany aio a ciaiaieooth ii/ue i?inaaoaeaiey iiae niieiaieoeae. Aio
iie: anoue no?aaeaiea; anoue i?e/eia no?aaeaiey; anoue i?ae?auaiea
no?aaeaiey – ie?aaia; anoue iooue, aaaeouee e i?ae?auaieth no?aaeaiey,
– i?aaeeueiay n?aaeeiiay aei?iaa. Yoi eiaiii aeaai ?iaeiua enoeiu. Iie
aiai?yo i oii, /oi iaaei aeaeaoue, /oiau noaoue aeaai?iaeiui,
i?aanoaaiii /enoui. Iie niaea?aeao caeii i?aanoaaiiie aeecie, aaaeoo e
oiio ninoiyieth aeaaeainoaa, eioi?ia ninoaaeyao aeaeaiea anao aeaeaiee.

Ia?aay aeaai?iaeiay iuneue — i no?aaeaiee (oyaioa).?iaeaeaiea, aieaciue,
nia?oue, ?aceoea n ieeui, ia eiaoue, /aai oi/aony, neiaii, naia aeeciue
a aa iiiaiia?aciuo i?iyaeaieyo e iiin?aaeiaaieyo (iyoee?aoiay
i?eaycaiiinoueth e caiiiio) anoue no?aaeaiea. Aoaeaea nieiaao i?eau/iia
?acee/ea iaaeaeo ianeaaeaeaieai e no?aaeaieai. Ana anoue no?aaeaiea, a
oii /enea e oi, /oi n/eoaaony ianeaaeaeaieai. Ii aiai?eo: “Aea?ueia
oioue iaei, iiiaoe, ana aaeeii nia?aeeo. Aio e nouanoaiaaiea y ia noaio
oaaeeoue, iiiaoe, ionoue aeaaea iaeia, ia iea, /oiau oieueei uaeeiooue
iaeueoeaie”. Ii ioaa?aaao nouanoaiaaiea ia a eaeeo-oi iniauo oi?iao e ia
eaeeo-oi iniauo noaaeeyo, a ai anao oi?iao e anaaaea. Ana oa aaue,
eioi?ua n/eoathony iniai oeaiiuie n?aaee ethaeae e iioeae?otho eo
aeoeaiinoue, — iaoue, ioaoe, aeaia, aeaoe, ?iaenoaaiieee, ae?ocuey,
aiaaonoai, oniao, aeanoue, ooaoe iyoe /oanoa – ana iie yaeythony ia
naiii aeaea neiauaathueie ian oeaiyie. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, no?aaeaiea anoue
aaeeinoaaiiay anaiauaiethuay ?aaeueiinoue, n eioi?ie eiaao aeaei
aeooiaii i?eoycaoaeueiue, i?aanoaaiii niaa?oainoaothueeny eiaeeaeae.

Aoi?ay aeaai?iaeiay iuneue — ia enoi/ieea no?aaeaiee. Enoi/ieeii
yaeyaony naii aeaeaiea aeecie.

“Yoi aeaaeaea, naay iiaeaea?aeeaathuay,

i?aeanaue, nii?yaeaiiay ni no?anoueth,

oi oai, oi yoei aioiaay i?aeuenoeoueny,

a eiaiii:

aeaaeaea auoue, aeaaeaea ecauoue”.

Enoi/ieeii no?aaeaiee yaeyaony ia ea/anoai aeaeaiee, a naii eo iaee/ea.
AEaeaiea auoue, nouanoaiaaoue, eae e auoaeathuea ionthaea eiaeiua
acaeyaeu, aoaeoi nouanoaiaaiea iiaeao auoue aeaaei, — aio aaea e?iaony
i?e/eia anao cie. “Ethaee, aiieiua aeaeaieai, aaaatho aie?oa, eae
ia?aioaaiiue cayoe, naycaiiue iooaie, iie niiaa e niiaa a oa/aiea
aeieaiai a?aiaie aica?auathony e no?aaeaieth”.

O?aouey aeaai?iaeiay iuneue — i i?ana/aiee no?aaeaiee, eo ionoonoaee.

“A aio, iiiaoe, eaeiai i?ana/aiea oyaiou:

aac inoaoea anae yoie aeaaeaeu

aanno?anoiia i?ana/aiea, ooiae, iieeaeaiea, naiaiaea, aacothoiinoue

Ninoiyiea ionoonoaey, i?aiaeieaiiinoe no?aaeaiee iaicia/aaony eae
ie?aaia (io naine?eoneith nirvana eee iaeeeneiai nibbana, /oi aoeaaeueii
icia/aao “caoooaiea”. “inouaaiea”). Aoaeaea ecaaaae ioaaoia ia aii?in i
nouiinoe ie?aaiu. Yoi auei i/aiue ioae?i. Anee ia a?aoue oi?iaeueiuo
ii?aaeaeaiee ie?aaiu, eioi?ua yaeythony i?inoie oaaoieiaeae, oi aa
niaea?aeaiea iiaeii iienaoue oieueei iaaaoeaii eae ionoonoaea aeaeaiee,
no?anoae, ooiae io ie?a, oi anoue eae iieioth aanniaea?aeaoaeuthnoue ”

Ie?aaio iiaeii ioa?aeaa?eciaaoue aua eae iieie a iai?eaycaiiinoe. Iieie
a oii niunea, /oi ie?aaia aaniethoii iai?iieoeaaia aeey aeaeaiee,
no?anoae: aeooaaiie aiee. Ca yoeie i?aaeaeaie ie/aai i iae neacaoue
iaeuecy, iiaeii oieueei i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi iia ia yaeyaony ionoui
iiiyoeai. Iineaaeiaaoaee Aoaeaeu iueiaeenue iaiieieoue yai iiiyoea
niaea?aeaieai e nicaeaoue oeaeoth oeeinioneoth oai?eth ie?aaiu.

Aio eae ioa?aeoa?eciauaaao ie?aaio iiiao Iaaanaia: “Aea,
rocoaea?ue-neiaeai/a ooaaia, ie/ai ia nicaeaia. I ie?aaia, ainoaea?ue,
iaeuecy neacaoue, /oi iia noaaoay, eee iaaaaoay, eee ii?iaee.ia, eee
i?ioeay, eee aoaeouay, eee iuiaoiyy, eee aini?eieiaaia c?aieai, e ae
aini?eieiaaia iaiiyieai, eee aini?eieiaaia aeonii, eee aini?eieiaaia
inycaieai… Oiii aini?eieiaaia ie?aaia. *enoui, aicauoaiiui, i?yiui, ia
ei?unoiui, naiaiaeiui io iiiao oiii enoeiii-aeaeathuee a?eeneee
neooaoaeue aeaeeo ie?aaio”. Iineaaeiaa ooaa?aeaeaiea a yoie
oa?aeoa?enoeea iniaaiii i?eia/aoaeueii:ie?aaio a aa nianoaaiiii
niaea?aeaiee iinoeaaao oieueei oio, eoi aeinoea ie?aaiu.
Neaaeiaaoaeueii, aeey anao inoaeueiuo iia inoaaony aeaeii aa?u e
iaaeaaeaeu. A yoii niunea ethaee no?aiyony e ie?aaia, ia ciay, /oi yoi
oaeia. I aeaaeainoaa ciaao oieueei aeaaeaiiue. A iaoai neo/aa — oieueei
Aoaeaea, eai ii iaeei e anoue enoeiii aeaaeaiiue. Inoaeueiua iiaoo
i?eieiaoue ie?aaio eae inouanoaeaiiia aeaaeainoai ia iniiaa aai
naeaeaoaeuenoa. *aeiaae ciaao, /oi iona/aiea ?oe — i/aiue oyaeei, oioy
aio ee/ii eo e ia ionaeaee, ii ciaao yoi ii ?anneacai oao, eiio yoi
aeaeaee. Oi/ii oae aea “oio, eoi ia ia?aoaao iieie, ciaao i oii, /oi
iieie — yoi n/anouea” io Aoaeaeu. Oai naiui aa?a a Aoaeaeo noaiiaeony
iaiaoiaeeiui iioeaii i?aanoaaiiiai iiaaaeaiey.

Eiae/aneee ia?aaeien — /oiau aeinoe/ue ie?aaiu, iaaei ciaoue, /oi iia
oaeia, ii /oiau ciaoue, /oi oaeia ie?aaia, iaaei aeinoe/ue aa – nicaeaao
a i?aanoaaiiie iioeaaoeee o?aueio, eioi?oth i?eoiaeeony caeaouaaoue
aa?ie. Iiaeii i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi naia iiceoeaiay eiioeaioeey ie?aaiu,
eioi?ay iaecaaaeii aeaa?aaee?oao a ia?aaeien, nicaeaaaoueny aeey
iainiiaaiey eoeueoa Aoaeaeu, iieeiiaiey aio. Ai anyeii neo/aa,
i?aeoe/aneie iaiaoiaeeiinoe a oaeie eiioeaioeee ia nouanoaoao. Aaaeue
eiaaea /aeiaae no?aieony e ie?aaia, ii ia i?inoi no?aieony e /aio-oi
ii?aaeaeaiii oi?ioaio. Ii i?aaeaea anaai ooiaeeo io oiai ieioiai, /oi ii
eiaao. Ii oaaaaao io no?aaeaiee, i?iiecuaathueo ana aai auoea.
No?aaeaiey naie ii naaa niaea?aeao aeinoaoi/iua iniiaaiey aeey
/aeiaa/aneie aeoeaiinoe, iai?aaeaiiie ia eo i?aiaeieaiea. Iiyoiio
iiceoeey Aoaeaeu, ia?aie/eaaaoaainy iaaaoeaiie oa?aeoa?enoeeie ie?aaiu,
auea eiae/anee aieaa iineaaeiaaoaeueiie e yoe/anee aieaa i?iaeoeoeaiie,
/ai iiceoeey iineaaeiaaoaeae, iuoaaoeony nicaeaoue iicoeaioth
eiioeaioeeth ie?aaiu.

*aoaa?oay Aeaai?iaeiay enoeia — i iooe, eioi?ue aaaeao e ieaaia. I
aa?iie n?aaeeiiie aei?iaa,

“A aio. iiiaoe, eaeiaa aa?iay aei?ia a,

/oi i?eaiaeeo e i?ana/aieth oyaio,

Yoi — a?eeneay’ ainueiecaaiiay noacy,

A eiaiii:

enoeiiia aicc?aiea, enoeiiia iaia?aiea, enoeiiay ?a/ue,

enoeiiua iinooiee, enoeiiue ia?ac aeecie, enoeiiia oneeea,

enoeiiia iaiyoiaaiea, enoeiiia nin?aaeioi/aiea,

E -yoi a?eeneay enoeia” .

Caeanue eceiaeaia iaoiaee/anee i?iaeoiaiiay, ineoieiae/anee iainiiaaiiay
ii?iaoeaiay i?ia?aiia, ioaaouaathuay ainaiue nooiaiae aeooiaiiai
aicauoaiey. Iaicia/ei e?aoei niaea?aeaiea eaaeaeie nooiaie. Enoeiiia
aicc?aiea (eee, a ae?oaii ia?aaiaea, i?aaaaeiay aa?a); onaiaiea /aou?ao
ea?aeeiaeueiuo enoei Aoaeaeu. Enoeiiia iaia?aiea: i?eiyoea yoeo enoei
eae ee/iie aeeciaiiie i?ia?aiiu e io?aoaiea io i?eaycaiiinoe e ie?o.
Enoeiiay ?a/ue: aicaea?aeaiea io eaee, aeiee?iaaiea neia, aa?aaeueiuo
i?eaioe?ia, ia ioiinyueony e iaicia/aiiie auoa i?aanoaaiiie oeaee,
eioi?ay ninoieo a io?aoaiee io ie?a. Enoeiiua iinooiee: iaianeeea
(ahiipsa), iaiaianaiea a?aaea aeeaiio. Enoeiiue ia?ac aeecie:
?acaa?ouaaiea enoeiiuo iinooieia a eeieth iiaaaeaiey. Enoeiiia oneeea:
iinoiyiiia aiae?noaiaaiea e aaeeoaeueiinoue, oae eae aeo?iua iunee
eiatho naienoai aica?auaoueny, Enoeiiia iaiyoiaaiea (i?aaaaeiay iuneue):
iinoiyiii iiiieoue i oii, /oi ana i?aoiaeyua. Enoeiiia nin?aaeioi/aiea:
aeooiaiia naiiiia?oaeaiea io?aoeaoaainy io ie?a /aeiaaea; iii, a naith
i/a?aaeue, i?ioiaeeo /aou?a o?oaeii iiaeaeathueany iienaieth noaaeee:
yenoac (/enoay ?aaeinoue), aucaaiiue oaaeeiaieai e ia?aie/aieai iiioaiey
e ie?o /enoi nica?oeaoaeueiui, enneaaeiaaoaeueneei ioiioaieai e iaio;
?aaeinoue aioo?aiiaai niieienoaey, aucaaiiay inaiaiaeaeaieai io
nica?oeaoaeueiiai eioa?ana; inaiaiaeaeaiea io ?aaeinoe (yenoaca),
naycaiiia iniciaieai inaiaiaeaeaiey io anao iuouaiee oaeaninoe e
aeooaaiuo aieiaiee; niaa?oaiiay iaaiciooeiinoue, ninoiyuay a aac?acee/ee
e e inaiaiaeaeaieth, e aai iniciaieth, Ainaiue nooiaiae aa?iie
n?aaeeiiie aei?iae Aoaeaeu iiaoo auoue iniuneaiu eae oieaa?naeueiay
noaia aeaenoaee i?aanoaaiii niaa?oainoaothuaeny ee/iinoe. Enoiaeiui
ioieoii yaeyaony ii?aaeaeaiiia iiieiaiea niunea aeecie. Caoai yoi
iiieiaiea noaiiaeony aioo?aiia cia/eiui iioeaii. Aeaeaa iioea ia?aoiaeeo
a ii?aaeaeaiiia ?aoaiea. Yoi ?aoaiea ?aaeecoaony a iinooieao. Iinooiee
ia?acotho aaeeioth oeaiue, ii?aaeaeyy niciaoaeueii caaeaioeoaae eeieth
iiaaaeaiey. Aeaeaa, inouanoaeyaony aoi?e/iay ?aoeaeney inouanoaeaiiuo
iinaoieia iiae oaeii c?aiey oiai, ianeieueei iie niioaaonoaotho
nianoaaiiui ?aoaieyi e naiaiaeiu io aeo?iuo iuneae. Iaeiiaoe,
i?aanoaaiiia iiaaaeaiea aeeth/aaony a eiioaeno enoiaeiiai niuaea aeecie.
Iineaaeiaa caaii — auoiae ca a?aieoeu naiie ii?aee eae naeaeaoaeuenoai
inouanoaeaiiinoe niunea aeecie.

Ia ia?aue acaeyae eaaeaony, /oi iineaaeiaa naa?oyoe/aneia caaii,
iiiyoiia a ?aieao o/aiey Aoaeaeu, ia iiaeao auoue yeaiaioii
oieaa?naeueiie noaiu. A aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe yoi ia oae. Anee iiieiaoue
ii?aeue eae iooue, eioi?ue aaaeao /aeiaaea io ianiaa?oainoaa e
niaa?oainoao, oi aeinoeaeaiea niaa?oainoaa ia iiaeao ia auoue auoiaeii
ca a?aieoeu ii?aee, iaeei aicauoaieai iaae ii?aeueth. Ae?oaie aii?in —
iiaeii ee aeinoe/ue oaeiai ninoiyiey eee iao. Ii anee iiiuneeoue naaa
oaeia ninoiyiea aeinoeaeeiui, a eaeaae inouanoaeaiiui, oi iaiaoiaeeii
i?eciaoue, /oi yoi eae ?ac icia/aao i?aiaeieaiiinoue ii?aee.

6 Caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai Iienay,

aai niune e iniiaiua i?eioeeiu

Acaeiiioiioaiey Iienay e ec?aeeueoyi ia oeeaaeuaathony a noaio
acaeiiioiioaiee i?inaauaiiiai, ioae?iai aiaeaey e einiie, naiaaieueiie
iannu. Iienae ia i?ino, eo/oa ae?oaeo au?aaeaao aieth e eioa?anu
ia?iaea, ii a ecaanoiii niunea nicaeaao nai ia?iae. Aeey oiai /oiau
ieaiaia ia?aieaaeeenue a ia?iae, ec aeeeiai yoii-i?e?iaeiiai ninoiyiey
ia?aoee a enoi?e/aneia, iie aeieaeiu iniciaoue naay a ea/anoaa aeooiaiie
iauiinoe. Naycue ii?iaeaeaieth e ianoiyoaeuenoaai aeecie aeieaeia
ia?a?anoe a naycue, iiin?aaeiaaiioth iauae aa?ie, eaeaaeaie i?aaaaeiinoe
e ni?aaaaeeeainoe. A aeecie ethaeae aeieaeii iiyaeoueny /oi-oi aieaa
cia/eiia, /ai e?iaue eee /ai aaeiaoneea eioeu n iynii e oeaa aeinuoa,
eioi?uie a iaeio ec o?oaeiuo ieioo neeoaiee ii ionouia ec?aeeueoyia
oei?yee Iienay n Aa?iiii. Iienae i?eaiineo eaeath aaeeiiai aiaa, iaueo
i?aanoaaiiuo i?eioeeiia, caaeaaay oai naiui aeooiaiia i?ino?ainoai, a
?aieao eioi?iai ?acee/iua, oioy e ?iaenoaaiiua, ieaiaia
eiinoeooe?othonya aaeeiue ia?iae, iiaeieiathony aei iniciaiey naiaai
iniaiai iacia/aiey a ie?a. Aeayoaeueiinoue Iienay i?aaeinoaaeyao iai
?aaeeoth aiciiaeiinoue ia eiie?aoiii i?eia?a iaaethaeaoue, eae ieaiaia
o?ainoi?ie?othony a ia?iae (iaoeeth), aoiaeyo a enoi?eth e eoeueoo?o.
Caia/aoaeueii, /oii?e yoii n iaeaiie i?inoioie iieacaia
i?ioeai?a/eainoue yoiai i?ioeanna, a oiaea eioi?iai eiinieeaeaoeey
iaeiiai ia?iaea (a ?anniao?eaaaiii neo/aa aa?aeneiai) i?ienoiaeeo ca
n/ao aai i?ioeainoiyiey ae?oaei ia?iaeai, aeioiaeyuei a ioaeaeueiuo
neo/ayo aei aieiu e eno?aaeaiey.

A yoie/aneii niunea aa?ae — aeaoe Ec?aeey. Ii eo aeooiaiui iooeii,
iooeii iaoeee yaeyaony Iienae. Ii caeiaeee ?aeeaeiciua, i?aanoaaiiua e
caeiiiaeaoaeueiua iniiau eo enoi?e/aneiai nouanoaiaaiey. I?iaicaeaoaiee
ei ?aeeaeiciinoue iieieony ia aaeeiiaiaeee, i?aanoaaiiinoue — ia ethaae
e naiaio ia?iaeo, caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai — ia i?eioeeia ?aaiiai aiciacaeey.
Aia, ia?iae, ni?aaaaeeeainoue — oae e?aoei iiaeii auei au iaicia/eoue
nooue o/aiey Iienay. I?e yoii ana o?e iiiyoey ia?acotho aaeeiue
ia?an/eaieiue eiiieaen.

Ca i?aaeaeaie aa?aenei-eoaeaenoneie eoeueoo?u eiy Iienay i?aaeaea anaai
nii?yaaaony n aeanyoueth caiiaaaeyie. Eiaaea aiai?yo “eiaeaen Iienay”,
oi iau/ii eiatho a aeaeo eiaiii aeanyoue caiiaaaeae, oioy ia naiii aeaea
ii?iioai?/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue Iienay eie ia en/a?iuaaaony. Aeanyoue
caiiaaaeae yaeythony iauae iniiaie, naiaai ?iaea aaaaeaieai e
aeaoaeece?iaaiiiio naiaeo caeiiia, ioaaouaathuaio ana iauanoaaiii
cia/eiua aniaeou iiaaaeaiey . /aeiaaea e aeeth/athuaio nioie
?aciiia?aciuo ii?i io i?aaee aeaeaiu aei oi?i aeaai/anoey. Yoi iauea
?aeeaeicii-i?aanoaaiii-th?eaee/aneea i?eioeeiu, naiaai ?iaea oeeinioey
Iienaaaa caeiiioai?/anoaa. Iniaia ianoi Aeanyoe caiiaaaeae a
caeiiiaeaoaeueiie /anoe Iyoeeieaeey iiae/a?eiooi oai, /oi ssoaa
aicaanoee eo ec?aeeueoyiai nai, a ioee/ea io ae?oaeo caeiiia, eioi?ua ii
i?aaeienae /a?ac Iienay.

Iau/ii i?eiyoi iiae?acaeaeyoue caiiaaaee Aeanyoeneiaiy ia aeaa a?oiiu:
ia?aua /aou?a, ioiinyueany e noa?a nae?aeueiiai i?aaa, e iineaaeothuea
oanoue, ioiinyueany e noa?a ie?neiai i?aaa. Niioaaonoaaiii ia?aua
n/eoathony ?aeeaeiciuie i?aaeienaieyie, iineaaeothuea — ii?aeueiuie.
Oaeia /eaiaiea i/aaeaeii. Ii iii iaaeinoaoi/ii e iiaeao nicaeaoue
eiaeiia aia/aoeaiea, aoaeoi Aeanyoeayiaea yaeyaony iaoaie/aneei
niaaeeiaieai ?acii?iaeiuo ii?i. A aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe yoi aioo?aiia
oeaeueiay nenoaia, a eioi?ie ii?iu acaeiiioiioaiee iaaeaeo ethaeueie
i?yii auoaeatho e caaenyo io ii?i acaeiiioiioaiee ‘ethaeae n aiaii.
*oiau ?ane?uoue ii?iaoeaiia aaeeinoai Aeanyoeneiaey, no?oeoo?e?oai ath
caiiaaaee neaaeothuei ia?acii: ia?aua o?e, /aoaa?oay, iyoay, iineaaeiea
iyoue.

Ia?aua o?e caiiaaaee i?aaeienuaatho ii/eoaoue iaeiiai eeoue aiaa ssoaa,
cai?auatho nicaeaaaoue ae?oaeo aiaia, i?aaeinoa?aaatho io
iaiaycaoaeueiiai ioiioaiey e oeacaIeyi aiaa (“ia i?ieciine eiaie ssoaa,
oaiaai Aiaa iai?anii” — Eno. 20:7). Ii/aio aaeeiue aia? Ii/aio ssoaa?
Iioiio /oi, aoaeo/e aaeeiui aiaii, e a ea/anoaa aaeeiiai aiaa, ii
yaeyaony oaeaea aiaii ni?aaaaeeeaui e ?aaieaui. Ii aiieiuaao a naaa
i?aaaeo e neeo iaeiia?aiaiii. Oai aaea iieyony iiiaei aiaai, oai iao
aaeeiie i?aaaeu. Eiia aeaei ssoaa, ii — iaeei, ii iiiieo anao. “Ii Aia
aiaia e Ainiiaeue ainiiaeia, Aia aaeeeee, iiao/ee

e no?aoiue, eioi?ue ia aae?aao ia eeoei a ia aa?ao acyoeo, oai?yuee
i?aai noaeea ne?ioa e aaeiaa e ethayuee aeeeueoea, /oiau aeaoue aio oeaa
e iaeaaeaeo”. I?aaeinoa?aaay io i?aeoeeoaiiai ae?oaeie ia?iaeaie
iiiaiaiaeey. Iienne iiae/a?eeaaaa /oi iie i?eiinyo a aea?oao aiaai naieo
nuiiaae e aei/a?ae, iaiiny naaa ii?acu, aaey anyeoth ia?cinoue, /oi iie
eieaeotho, ai?iaeao, aucuaatho aeooia, aii?ioatho ia?oauo. Eiaiii i?ioea
yoiai aa?aa?noaa ainnoaao ssoaa, eae au aeceoiie ea?th/eie eiai?ith
yaeyaony oi, /oi ii auaae aa?aaa ec aaeiatheiai ?aanoae. Aunaiaiaeaeaiea
ec aeiia ?aanoaa — naeaeaoaeuenoai e ni?aaaaeeeainoe aiaa. e aai neeu.
Iaa yoe, ea/anoaa aiaa oaniaeoei ia?acii niecaiu iaaeaeo niaie.
Moao/anoai ssoaa, aoi aiaa e aaniiuaaeiinoue — aa?aioey aai
ni?aaaaeeeaiaae, caeia oiai, /oi ii onoieo i?ioea /oiau niaeaciia,
niiniaai noaeeoue, iaace?ay ia eeoea, ieeiai ia aiynue, e /oi ii
iiea?aao ethaia ionooieaiea e ionooieaiea ethaiai /aeiaaea io
i?aaeienaiiie ii?iu. Aac ni?aaaaeeeaine ea?a noaiiaeony neaiie neeie. A
aac ea?u ni?aaaaeeeaia aeaa?aaee?oao a ei?unoue. Oieueei a
niiaianaiiinoe ae?oa n ae?oaii iie noaiiayony oai, /oi iie, –
ni?aaaaeeeainoue ni?aaaaeeeainoueth, a ea?a ea?ie.

*oi aea yaeyaony niaea?aeaieai e e?eoa?eai ni?aaaaeeeainoe, ionooieaiia
io eioi?ie ea?aaony aeaeaciie e aacaeaeinoiie ?oeie ssoaa? Aiey naiiai
ssoaa, aai i?aaeienaiei. Noiie?oy ia?aae nia?oueth caeiiu aeey
caeeth/eiey aoi?ith aeiaiai?a Ec?aeey n ssoaa. Iienae aiai?ee: “Niio?e,
y aeath aai iui/a aeaaineiaaiea e i?ieeeoa, aeaaineiaaiea ca oi, /oi au
einaeouaaaa aaaeaiey ssoea, aaoaai aiaa, eioi?ua y iiaaeaaath aai iui/a,
e i?ieaeioea, anee ia iineooaaoa aaaeaiey ssoaa”. E aeaeaa: “O?aie e
neooae aan /oe ?a/aiey, eioi?ua y iiaaeaaath oaaa… eai ou naeaeaaoue
aeia?ia e i?aaaaeiia a aeacao ssoaa, oaiath Aiaa”. Aua aieaa ?acei yoa
iuneue au?aaeaia a o?eaeoeaoie aeaaa “Aoi?icaeiiey”; “Niio?e, y eeaaeo
ia?aae oiaie naaiaeiy aeeciue e aeia?i, e nia?oue e cei”. AEeciue e
aeia?i a oii neo/aa, anee neooaoue ?a/aiey ssoaa, eaeoe aai iooyie,
nia?oue e cei a oii neo/aa, anee iieeiiyoueny ae?oaei aiaai.

?annoaeaeaiey Iienay i ssoaa ia ia?aue acaeyae auaeyaeyo eae i?inoay
oaaoieiaey: iaiaoiaeeiinoue neaaeiaaiey aiaeanoaaiiui caaathi
iainiiauaaathy eo ni?aaaaeeeainoueth, a naia ni?aaaaeeeainoue
oniaa?eaaa/ny a neaaeiaaiee aiaeanoaaiiui caaaoai. Ii yoa oaaoieiaey
i?eia?aoaao aiieia eiie?aoiue niaea?aeaaaeueiue niune, anee o/anoue,/oi
ssoaa — aia Ec?aeey, ii?aaeaeaiiiai ia?iaea. E ia?auaaony ii ia e
ioaeaeueiui eiaeeaeaeai, a ei anaio ia?iaeo, eae anee au nai ia?iae aue
iaeiei /aeiaaeii. Ii . eiaao aeaei n ia?iaeii eae n oeaeui. caaioeony i
aai aeaaa. Aiai?y ii-ae?oaiio, Ec?aeeue noaiiaeony Ec?aeeai, aaeeiui
ia?iaeii, /a?ac aaeeiiai 6oaa, e /oei. iaee/eai aaeeiiai aiaa, ii
ioee/aaony io ae?oaeo ia?iaeia. Oai naiui o?aaiaaiey ni?aaaaeeeainoe e
o?aaiaaiey iineooaiiy aiao i?eia?aoatho aiieia eiie?aoiue niune, eioi?ue
e ninoieo a aeaaa Ec?aeey, aicauoaiee nayoiai ia?iaea. Aaeeinaai
ia?iaea, a?aonoai anao eiaeeaeaeia a aai i?aaeaeao, a oaeaea iuneue i
oii, /oi aaeeinoai ia?iaea iaania/eaaaoy aaeeiuie caeiiaie — aio /oi
ninoaaeyao niaea?aeaiea aaooicaaaoiie ni?aaaaeeeainoe, eioi?oth oae
?aaieai iaa?aaaaa ssoaa.

*aoaa?oay caiiaaaeue: “Iiiie aeaiue ioaeioiiaaiey” yaeyaony
eneeth/eoaeueii aaaeiie eae ?ac n oi/ee c?aiey nayce 6oaa e ia?iaea. A
iae ioiioaiea e aiao e ioiioaiea e aeeaeiei ieacuaaaany iaeiei e oai aea
ioiioaieai. Noaaioa — a?aiy aeooiaiiai nin?aaeioi/aiey, ?aciuoeaiee i
aiaa, i/aiue aaaeiuo aeey oiai, /oiau ca iianaaeiaaiie noaoie, ca
anyeeie /anouie aeaeaie ia iioa?yi, ec aeaeo iaueo oeaeai. Yoi aeaiue,
eioi?ue ioaeaaony aiao. E aoi aea a?aiy yoi aeaiue, a eioi?ue ia?aae
eeoeii, aiaa o?aaieaathony ana a i?aaeaeao Ec?aeey, iacaaeneii io eo
nioeeaeueiiai noaoona. Ioaeioiiaaiea (iiae/a?eiai aua ?ac: ioaeioiiaaiea
?aaee ssoaa) i?aaeienaii e ?aaai, e /oaeaieaiayieeai, iaoiaeyueiny a
aeiia. e aeaaea aeiiaoiaio neio. A noaaioiai ioaeioiiiaiee aeooiaiia
aaeeinoai Ec?aeey ia?aae aiaii iaoiaeeo naia i?aaeiaoiia aiieiuaiea. N
yoie oi/ee c?aiey iiiaicia/eoaeueiue oa?aeoa? i?eia?aoaao ?acee/ea a
oi?ioee?iaea, anee auoue aua aieaa oi/iui, a iainiiaaiee yoie
caiiaaaee, eioi?ia iu iaoiaeei a “Enoiaea” e “Aoi?icaeiiee”. A “Enoiaea”
nayoinoue noaaioiaai i/aeuoa a?aoiaioe?oaony oai, /oi aia oanoue aeiae
nicaeaaae ie?, a a naaeueiie ioaeuoae; a aieaa iicaeiai “Aoi?icaeiiee”
iniiaaiea caiiaaaee eiia — i?yiia iiaaeaiea ssoaa a ciae inaiaiaeaeaiey
ec aaeiaoneiai ?aanoaa. Anee a ia?aii neo/aa aia aunooiaao a aai
anaiauai ea/anoaa nicaeaoaey ie?a, oi ai aoi?ii – a iniaii ea/anoaa
iie?iaeoaey Ec?aeey. Ai “Aoi?icaeiiee” neeueiaa iiae/a?eioo oio iiiaio,
/oi noaaioa, “aoaeo/e neiaieii nayce n aiaii e naiaiaeu, yaeyaony a oi
aea a?aiy neiaieii iaoeeiiaeueiiai niei/aiey.

Iyoay caiiaaaeue i?aaeienuaaao ii/eoaiea iooea e iaoa?e. Aa
iaiaoiaeeiinoue iiuyniyaony ia oieueei oaeoai, i?anooiiiai iii?aiey
aeaoueie aiee ?iaeeoaeae (oae a Iyoeeieaeee iu iaoiaeei ii?io,
i?aaeoniao?eaathuoth nia?oioth eaciue aeaoyi, iiaeaoei eee i?ieeyaoei
iooea e iaoue). A eiioaenoa Aeanyoeneiaey yoa caiiaaaeue i?eia?aoaao
iniaue niune – iia i?ecaaia iiae/a?eiooue, /oi iiaue
?aeeaeicii-iaoeeiiaeueiue ai?eciio iauanoaaiiiai iiaaaeaiey ia ioiaiyao
aaeiaa/iue caeii ii/eoaiey ?iaeeoaeae.

Iineaaeothuea caiiaaaee (n oanoie ii aeanyooth) iiaeii ioa?aeoa?eciaaoue
eae ii?iu ioiioaiey /aeiaaea e aeeaeiei, iiieiay iiae aeeaeieie anao
i?aaenoaaeoaeae naen ai ia?iaea e oieueei eo. Ia inoe e ia ceianoaoe ia
nuia naiaai ia?iaea, e ethae naiaai aeeaeiaai, eae naay , – aiai?eo
Iienae. Aac yoiai ioiaeaeanoaeaia aeeaeiaai n nuiii naiaai ia?iaea
iaeuecy iiiyoue naiaia?acea yoeee Iienay. Iu oaea iiae/a?eeaaee /oi
aaeeinoai ia?iaea e aai niei/aiea aie?oa aaeeiiai aiaa, iiieii i?yiiai
iieeiiaiey aiao a onoaiiaeaiiuo e aeey anao iaycaoaeueiuo oi?iao,
iaania/eaaaony aaeeiuie caeiiaie. Ni?aaaaeeeainoue – oaeia iniiaiie
i?aaeiao, ii iiaiaeo eioi?iai ?acai?a/eaathony i?ioeai?a/eaua ioiioa iey
ia?iaea e aiaa. Ionthaea – e iniiaiua eo oa?aeoa?enoeee. Ia?iae
i?aaenoaao a Iyoeeieaeee Iienay iaiaocaeaiiui; “ia?iae n oaa?aeui
caoueeii — ia aaeeiiaeaeu oa?aeoa?ecoao aai ssoaa. Aiao aea naien. aaiiu
i?aaeaea anaai aiaa e aeanoieinoue. Eo ioiioaia oii?yaei/eaathony ia
iniiaa caeiiia, i?ecaaiiuo naea?aeaoue iaiaocaeaiiua no?anoe e
aa?aioe?iaaiiuo ianii uaaeiui ananeeeai aiaa.

Iyoue caiiaaaeae, ia?acothueo aoi?oth /anoue Aeaeaeiaa — ia oaeaae; ia
i?aethaiaeaenoaoe; ia e?aaee; ia eaeanaeaeaoaeuenoaoe; ia iiaeaeae
ie/aai, /oi i?eiaaeeaaeeo oaiaio aeeaeiaio, — eae ?ac caaeatho iniiaioth
ia?o ni?aaaaeeeainoe. Eiaiii eo i?eciaiea a ea/anoaa iniiau iauanoaaiiie
aeecie yaeyaony aeaaiui i?eciaeii aiaioaiaeiinoe ia?iaea, a eo
niiethaeaiea – e?eoa?eai i?aanoaaiiai aeinoieiiai iiaaaeaiey. “E eoi
aaeeeee ia?iae, o eioi?iai caeiiu e i?eaiai?u i?aaaaeiu oae eae
ana yoi O/aiea, eioi?ia y aeath aai iui/a?, — aiai?eo Iienae. Eiaiii
O/aiea, i?aaaaeiua caeiiu aicaueoatho ia?iae, aeaeatho aai aaeeeei.
Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi aiaieca?aiiinoue aa?aeneiai ia?iaea
iainiiauaaaony ia aai aeia?iaeaoaeueiinoueth, a io?eoeaoaeueiuie
ea/anoaaie a?aaeaeaaiuo aio ia?iaeia, ia iiaeiyaoeony aei i?aaaeu
aaeeiiaiaeey: “Ia ca oaith i?aaaaeiinoue e ia ca aeia?iaeaoaeueiinoue
oaiaai na?aeoea ou aieaeaoue iaoaaeaoue eo No?aiie, ii ca ceiaeaenoai
yoeo ia?iaeia ssoaa, oaie Aia, i?iaiiyao eo io oaay, /oiau eniieieoue
neiai, eioi?ui iieeyeny ssoaa oaiei iooeai, Aa?aaio, Enaaeo e Eaeiao”.
Aua iaeii caia/aiea ii yoiio eneeth/eoaeueii ino?iio aii?ino. Oioy
ec?aeeueoyia n/eoathony eca?aiiui, Aeaayoui ia?iaeii, oai ia iaiaa a
Iyoeeieaeee iie i?aaenoatho ia a naiii eo/oai aeaea. Eo enoi?ey — yoi
nei?aa Ae?noi?ey ia?acoiiuo aeaenoaee e no?aaeaiee. Naiiecia?aaeaiea
ia?iaea, eioi?ia aeatho Iienae e ae?oaea aiciiaeiua aaoi?u Oi?u, aieueoa
iaiiieiaao naii?aciaea/aiey. Ai anyeii neo/aa iii neeoeii aeaeaei io
naiiethaiaaiey. E Iienae aiieia iineaaeiaaoaeai, eiaaea, inoaaeyy
Ec?aeeth ia?aae nia?oueth naith “Eieao O/aiey”, i?aaeeaaaao iinoaaeoue
aa naieo io Eia/aaa Aeiaiai?a n ssoaa e aeiaaaeyao: “Ionoue iia aoaeao
oai i?ioea oaay naeaeaoaeuenoaii”. Aai ethaiaue e ia?iaeo –
iaaeiaieuenoai oai. /oi ia?iae ia niioaaonoaoao eaeaaeo ni?aaaaeeeainoe.
I?e oaeii iiieiaiee (a iii, ?acoiaaony, ia aaeeinoaaiiia) eca?aiiinoue
ia?iaea nei?aa iaiiieiaao i?aanoaaiiue eiia?aoea, /ai yaieci e?oaiaie
ii?oee.

A niaea?aeaoaeueiii ieaia ni?aaaaeeeainoue, caaeaaaaiay i?eioeeiaie
Aeanyoeneiaey, yaeyaony ?aaiui aiciacaeeai. ?a/ue eaeao ia ooiaeyuai
ei?iyie a ?iaeiieaiaiiua ioiioaiey i?eioeeia oaeeiia eee aicaeayiey
?aaiui ca ?aaiia. Yoi oi?ioi aeaeii ia i?eia?a i?eioeeia “ia oaeaae”.
Caiaoei, /oi ii aeooo e aoeaa Iyoeeieaeey noa?a aeaenoaey o?aaiaaiey “ia
oaeaae” ia?aie/aia Ec?aeeai. Ai acaeiiioiioaieyo n ae?oaeie ia?iaeaie
caeiiu Iienay i?aaeienuaatho eee eo iiae/eiaiea, eee, eiaaea ?a/ue eaeao
i ianaeythueo iaaoiaaiioth caieth, iieiia oie/oiaeaiea: “…oieueei ec
ai?iaeia yoeo ia?iaeia, eioiuo ssoaa, oaie Aia, aeaao oaaa a ianeaaeea,
ia inoaaeye a aeeauo ie aeooe”. *oi eanaaony iaeacaiee ca ionooieaiea io
o?aaiaaiey “ia oaeaae”, oi iie caeeth/athony a oii, /oiau ioaa/aoue
oaeenoaii ia oaeenoai (anee iao i/aaeaeiuo aeieacaoaeuenoa oiai, /oi iii
auei niaa?oaii iai?aaeoiuoeaiii), oaa/ueai ia oaa/uea ii i?eioeeio:
aeeciue ca aeeciue, iei ca iei. Oaeie aea i?eioeeiu aeaenoaoao e a
ae?oaeo neo/ayo. Ii ioiioaieth e eaeanaeaeaoaeth, iai?eia?, Iienae
i?aaeienuaaao- “Naeaeaeoa aio oae, eae ii ceioiuoeye naeaeaoue naiaio
a?aoo. E eno?aae cei ec naiae n?aaeu. E inoaeueiua oneuoao e
enioaathony, e ia noioo aieueoa aeaeaoue iiaeiaiia yoiio ceiaeaenoao
n?aaee oaay. E ionoue ia iiuaaeeo oaie aeac: aeooo ca aeooo, aeac ca
aeac, coa ca coa, ?oea ca ?oeo, iiao ca iiao”.

Aeanyoeneiaea eae i?aanoaaiiue eiaeaen

Nooanoaoao i?i/iay o?aaeeoeey ?anniao?eaaoue Aeanyoue caiiaaaeae Iienay
eae ia?aue ii a?aiaie e iaeei eo aaaeiaeoeo ii nooe i?aanoaiiuo
eiaeaenia. Iiaeii iacaaoue, ii e?aeiae ia?a, o?e i?eciaea, a neeo
eioi?uo caiiaaaee Aeanyunciiey iiaeii eioa?i?aoe?iaaoue a ea/anoaa
i?aanoaaiiuo o?naia.aeie.

Ai-ia?auo, eo aaconeiiiinoue, ecia/aeueiinoue. Iie aaiaeyony eae i?yiua
e ia?aua oeacaeey aiaa — nicaeaoaey ie?a e aiieiuaiey aai aunoae
i?aaaeu, Iaeia ec oaeinoaaiiuo iniaaiiinoae i?aanoaaiiiai niciaiey
ninoieo a oii. /oi iii ia auaiaeeii e ia naiaeeii e yiie?e/anee
oeene?iaaeiui oaeoai (eioa?anai, ioiioaieyi, i?aaeiaoai, oeaeyi e o,
ae.). Aieaa oiai, ii?aeue eiinoeooe?oaony /a?ac i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiiea,
io?eoeaiea ei?unoe e oeaeaniia?aciinoe ie?a. Iia ia oieueei ia noaaeo
naaa caaea/e aienaoueny a i?e/eiii-neaaenoaaiiua nayce ie?neie aeecie,
ii a naiae aacia?iie ai?aeuia, iieaaaao /oi ie?neay aeeciue iaycaia
ii?aaaeaoueny ia?aae iae. Mopaeue ooiaeeo ei?iyie a iaiinaiaeiiua
aeoaeiu aaneiia/iiai. Iia aaniethoia, aei oaeie noaiaie aaniethoia, /oi
naia yoa aaniethoiinoue noaiiaeony aa niaoeeoe/aneei i?eciaeii. Yoa
iniaaiiinoue ii?aee ia ycuea aaooicaaaoiiai /aeiaaea iieo/eea au?aaeaiea
a oii, /oi aa o?aaiaaiey aunooiatho eae caiiaaaee 6oaa. Oieueei aia e
i?ecaaiiue ei i?i?ie a ninthyiee ciaoue oo aunooth i?aaaeo, eioi?ay
niaiaaeaao n i?aanoaaiiinoueth, eioi?ay e anoue i?aanoaaiiinoue.

Ai-aoi?uo, eo eaoaai?e/iinoue. Iie iiaeeaaeao eniieiaieth aac eaeeo-eeai
iaiai?ie e ia?aie/aiee. Iienae naycuaaao auiieiaiea caiiaaaeae n
aeaaiaeayieyie. Iaeiaei ia aeaaiaeayiey i?eaeatho ei enoeiiinoue, a,
iai?ioea, ec eo enoeiiinoe auoaeatho aeaaiaeaiiei. Aeaaiaeayiey— ia
oneiaea, a neaaenoaea, Iienae ia aiai?eo: anee au oioeoa aeeoue.
niaethaeaeoa caiiaaaee. Aai iuneue eiay: oieueei niaethaeay caiiaaaee,
au niiaeaoa aeeoue. A i?ioeaiii neo/aa au “iiaeaiaoa, eae ia?iaeu,
eioi?uo ssoaa eno?aaeyao io aan, oae au iiaeaiaoa, iioiio /oi ia
iineooaee aieina ssoaa, aaoaai Aiaa”. Eiia/ii, ciaiea oiai, /oi ca
niaethaeaieai eee ianiaethaeaieai caiiaaaeae neaaeotho niioaaonoaaiii
aeaaa eee no?aaeaiey, iaa?aaeu eee iaeacaiey, iiaei au n/eoaoueny e
aeaenoaeoaeueii auoue iaeei oneiaeai, nieaeathuei eo eaoaai?e/iinoue,
aaconeiaioth aeieaeain/aiaaoaeueiinoue. Yoiai ia i?ienoiaeeo, oae eae
naia naycue “iineooaiea — iaa?aaea, aeaaiaeayiea” eee “iaiineooaiea —
iaeacaiea, no?aaeaiea” yaeyaony aeanoeie. Ii aaooicaaaoiie eiaeea
ionooieaiea io caiiaaaeae ia inoaaony aac iaeacaiey. Oae eae aeey
/aeiaaea oaea ii ii?aaeaeaieth iaa?aaeu e aeaaiaeayiey (e oieueei iie)
yaeythony i?aaeiaoii aeaeaiee, iiceoeiie oeaiiinoueth, a iaeacaiee e
no?aaeaiey anoue ia/oi i?yii i?ioeaiiieiaeiia, oi ooeeeoa?iua a?aoiaiou
a i?iiiaaaeyo Iienay ia ?aeyoeae?otho caiiaaaee; iai?ioea, iie
iiae/a?eeaatho – /oi caiiaaaee, eaoaai?e/iua e neeo aiaeanoaniiiai
i?ienoiaeaeaiey e noaoona, yaeythany noieue aea eaoaai?e/iuie e ii
/aeiaa/aneei ia?eai.

A-o?aoueeo, eo anaiauiinoue. Yoio i?eciae i?eiaioaeueii e Aeaeaeiao
yaeyaony nii?iui. Iaeuecy ?anniao?eaaoue a ea/anoaa anaiaueo ia?aoth e
/aoaa?ooth caiiaaaee, a eioi?uo ssoaa aunooiaao eae iaoeeiiaeueii
i?eaioe?iaaiiue 6oa. Aea e inoaeueiua ioaoo n/eoaaueny oaeiauie, oieueei
anee au?aaoue eo ec eiioaenoa Aeaeaeiaa, a nai Aeaeaeia — ec eiioaenoa
anae i?ia?aiiu Iyoeeieaeey. Oai ia iaiaa oae iii e neo/eeinue, Aeaeaeio
aioae a o?enoeainei-aa?iiaeneoth eoeueoo?o eae naiinoiytheueiue e
naiioeaiiue ii?iaoeaiue eiaeaen. Aai onoaiiaeaiey — i?aaeaea anaai “ia
oaeaae”, “ia i?aethaiaeaenoaoi”, “ia oe?aaee”, “ia
eaeanaeaeaoaeuenoaoe” aini?eieiaaeenue eae anaiauea o?aaiaaiey. aac
ia?aiia/aeueiuo, enoi?e/anee iaoneiaeaiiuo iaoeeiiaeueiuo ia?aie/aiee.
Iie noaee ?anniao?eaaaueny a iaua/aeiaa/aneie ia?niaeoeaa. Oaeia
ia?aenoieeiaaiea niaea?aeaiey e niunea Aeaeaeioa auei oai eaa/a
naeaeao,. /oi nai Aeaeaeaio naiei iniaui ianoii a Iyoeeieaeee e
aano?ae/iie oi?ioee?iaeie caiiaaaeae aeaaae aeey yoiai oi?iooth
aiciiaeiinaue.

Aeanyoeneiaea aiieia iiaeao n/eoaoueny i?aanoaaiiui eiaeaenii ii ?yaeo
i?eciaeia. Ii ia ii anai. Iaeioi?ua iniaaiiinoe Aeaeaeiaa noaayo iao
auaiae iiae niiiaiea. Eaeea yoi iniaaiiinoe? a) Aeaeaeia eiioeaio?e?oao
aieiaiea ia aiaoieo aeaenoaeyo /aeiaaea, inoaaaynue ?aaiiaeooiui e oiio,
/oi iiaeii iaicia/eaue eae ii?aeueiue ia?ac iuneae, aai i?eioeeiu
aunooiatho eae i?eioaeetheueiua caeiiu, o caeiiiaeaoaey iao no?aieaiey
cae?aieoue eo a niaanoe /aeiaaea. a) A iai iaa?aaeu e iaeacaiey ioi?aaiu
io ee/iuo aeayiee e ?ani?ino?aiythony ia aeaeaeia iioiinoai, /oi
i?ioeai?a/eo eaeaa eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie i?aanoaaiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe. a)
Iaeiiaoe, Aeanyoeneiaea ia ciaao eaeae caa?iaiiai aicaeayiey eee eiie
ia?niaeoeau, i?ecaaiiie onoaiiaeoue niioaaonoaea iaaeaeo
aeia?iaeaaaeueiinoueth /aeiaaea e aai n/anoueai.

Yoe iniaaiiinoe iieo/atho ?acoiiia iauyniaiea, anee i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi
Aeanyoeneiaea yaeyaony oaeaea th?eaei/aneei aeieoiaioii iie naie, a
naith i/a?aaeue, naeaeaoaeuenoaotho ia yoii. Iu oaea ioia/aee, /oi ssoaa
e Iienae ia?auathony ia e ioaeaeueiui eiaeeaeaeai, iie aaaeoo aeeaeia n
Ec?aeeai eae oeaeui. Eo caaea/a – ainieoaiea, ianoaaeaiea, aicauoaiea
ia?iaea. Eiie?aoece?oy yoo iuneue, neaaeoao aeiaaaeoue: oeaio?ii anao
oneeee ssoaa – Iienay yaeyaony ainoaea?noaaiiia ono?ienoai Ec?aeey,
nicaeaiea iieeoe/aneiai i?ino?ainoaa aeey noaiiaeaiey e ?acaeoey
ia?iaea. Iienae o/ee ia eae oeeinio, a eae caeiiiaeaoaeue. Ii aeaeae
noaaeo ia ia naiaiaeo aeooa, a ia i?eioaeeoaeueioth neeo caeiia. Iiyoiio
ii eioa?aniaaeny ii i?aeiouanoao iinooieaie, a ia ninoiyieai aeooe e
?ani?ino?aiye ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca aeayiey ia iioiieia, /oi n
ainoaea?noaaiii-iieeoe/aneie oi/ee c?aiey auei aeaai?acoiii e
yooaeoeaii. Ii inoaaaeny ?aaiiaeooiui e iinia?oiie coaeueaa /aeiaaea.
Oieueei a naaoa iniiaiie caaea/e, eioi?oth ?aoae Iienae (ia?aoiae ec
anoanoaaiiiai ninoiyiey a ainoaea?noaaiii-i?aaiaia, io ?ac?iciaiiuo
ieaiai e aaeeiiio ia?iaeo, eaeaioeoeoee?othuaio naay a ea/anoaa ia?iaea
/a?ac nianoaaiiiai aiaa e onoaiiaeaiiua ei caeiiu). Iiaeii iiiyoue
naiaia?acea Aeanyoeneiaey.

Auoa iu onoaiiaeee: niiniaiinoue aeeoue ii aiaiaeaiiui caeiiai
ni?aaaaeeeainoe – oaeia ?aoathuee i?eciae aiaieca?aiiinoe ec?aeeueneiai
ia?iaea. Auei iiae/a?eiooi, /oi yoa oi?ioea a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a
aeayoiece?oao iiiyoea eca?aiiiai ia?iaea, iicaieyao naio eca?aiiinoue
enoieeiaaoue a ea/anoaa neiiieia oeeaeeeciaaiiinoe. Ii a iae anoue aua
ae?oaay noi?iia, iaeaaathuay ia?aie/aiea ia caeiiu ni?aaaaeeeainoe,
eioi?ua, eae ieacuaaaony, i?aaeiacia/aiu aeey aioo?aiiaai oiio?aaeaiey,
iaycaoaeueiu oieueei a ioiioaiee iaaeaeo “naieie”, aeeaeieie.
Aeooiaii-i?aanoaaiiia i?aiaeieaiea yoie/aneie caieiooinoe iai?a/eaaaony
yoie/aneei ia?aie/aieai aeooiaii-i?aanoaaiiiai ai?eciioa. Caeiiu Iienay
– caeiiu Ec?aeey. Ioiioaiey e ae?oaei ia?iaeai aeaeaee io eaiiiia
Aeanyoeneiaey. Iie inoathony a?aaeaeaaiuie. A iaeiii neo/aa, eae yoi
oaea iiae/a?eeaaeinue, yoa a?aaeaeaaiinoue yaeyaony aani?aaeaeueiie, a
eiaiii oiaaea, eiaaea ?a/ue eaeao i naie ia?iaeao, ianaeythueo
Iaeanoeio. Eae ioeaieou aeaieiie noaiaea?o iiaaaeaiey aaooicaaaoiiai
/aeiaaea e iiaeii ee n/eoaoue ii?aeueiui noieue ecae?aoaeueiue eiaeaen
iiaaaeaiey.

?acaeaeaiea ethaeae ia naieo e /oaeeo ia auei ecia?aoaieai Iienay. Iii
nouanoaiaaei caaeieai aei iaai. Eaiieaaeueneay yoeea auea yeaiaioii
iaee/iie nioeeaeueiie ?aaeueiinoe, iiaeiiii oiio eae ciae eee ianuee
iooe auee yeaiaioii iaee/iie oece/aneie ?aaeueiinoe e a yoii ea/anoaa
iia iieo/eea io?aaeaiea a Iyoeeieaeee. Iienae i?inoi n/eoaaony n
?aaeueiinoueth, n/eoaaony n ecia/aeueiie a?aaeaeie ieaiai. Aai
nianoaaiiua oneeey iai?aaeaiu ia oi, /oiau ia?aie/eoue, oia?eoue yoo
a?aaeaeo. A yoeo oeaeyo ii e?aeia noaeeaaao /enei ia?iaeia, eioi?ua
iaoiaeyony aia eaeiai-eeai cai?aoa, ia iiaeeaaeao ieeaeie iiuaaea. *oi
eanaaony anao ae?oaeo ia?iaeia, oi a?aaeaeaaiia ioiioaiea e iei
iiae/eiyaony Oaee ii?aaeaeaiiui i?aaeeai (anee a?aaeaeaaiue ai?iae
naeaaaeny aeia?iaieueii, oi ii ia iiaeeaaeae ?aca?aaeaieth, anee ii
a?aeny ooo?iii, oi ianoue ia ?ani?ino?aiyeanue ia aeaiuei e aeaoae e o.
ae.). Iienae ia oieueei eieaeecoao aaniiuaaeioth aeanoieinoue, n/eoay,
/oi iia ii?aaaeaiia oieueei ii ioiioaieth e naie iaiin?aaenaaaiiui
eiieo?aioai Ec?aeey a aai i?aaa ia Iaeanoeio. Ii iaeiia?aiaiii
iiaeaiaeeo iiae yoo aeanoieinoue ae?oaoth (iayoie/aneoth)
a?aoiaioaoeeth, ii?aaaeuaay aa oai /oi ?a/ue eaeao i ia?iaeao,
i?aeoeeothueo /aeiaa/aneea aea?oaii?eiioaiey e ae?oaea aa?aa?neea
iau/ae. Aaaeii ioiaoeoue /oi oaeay aaniiuaaeiay aeanoieinoue
i?aaeienuaaaony Iienaai e ii ioiioaieth e ec?aeeueneei iaueiai, noaaoei
ia iooue aa?iionooiie/anoaa: ana aeeaia a ieo – e ethaee, e neio, e
aeaaea eiouanoai, e neiaii ana iiaeeaaeeo iieiiio oie/oiaeaieth. Yoe
ooi/aeiaiey ia ioiaiytho, ?acoiaaony, oaeoa ia?aie/aiiinoe yoeee Iienay,
ii iie iicaieytho iiiyoue, /oi ?a/ue eaeao ia ia?aie/aiiinoe
enoi?e/aneie, eioi?oth iiaeii eioa?i?aoe?iaaoue eae iaeei ec yoaiia ia
iooe ana/aeiaa/aneiai ?anoe?aiey ii?aeueiiai ai?eciioa.

Aaooicaaaoiay ii?aeue auaeyaeeo ia?aie/aiiie n aunia ou iiaicaaaoiie
ii?aee, /oi naii ii naaa iaoaeeaeoaeueii. Oaeeaeaiea aucuaaao ae?oaia:
aaooicaaaoiay ii?aeue aeiioneaao ia?aoiae e iiaicaaaoiie ii?aee.
“?aeeaey e i?aanoaaiiinoue Aaooiai Caaaoa iinoiyiii ioe?uou, e
ono?aieaiu e aeaeueiaeoaio niaa?oainoaiaaieth, i?aaeae eioi?iai
iaoiaeeony aia naiith Beoxoro Caaaoa.”

7 Iooaiiaae: iao aiaa e?iia Aeeaoa

Ionoeueiaineay iaueia a Iaaeeia iieo/eea io Iooaiiaaea ienaiue
onoaa, niaeanii eioi?iio ana aa noa?ua e iiaua /eaiu, eiaiiaaaoeany
niioaaonoaaiii ia?anaeaioeaie (iooaaeaee?u) e nithcieeaie (aina?u),
ninoaaeytho iaeei ia?iae. Ieaiaiiua ?acee/ey i?aiaeieaaathony a iiaii
acaeyaea ia ie?, aeey eioi?iai nouanoaaiiia cia/aiea eiaei oieueei
i?ioeainoiyiea i?aaiaa?iuo e iaaa?iuo. Ioiaiyeanue e?iaiay ianoue
eae niinia oeaaeeaaiey nii?ia iaaeaeo ?iaeaie. Ana aa?othuea iaycaiu
auee iiaeaea?aeeaaoue e caueuaoue ae?oa ae?oaa ia?aae eeoeii aiiaue
ioe?uaathuaainy aiaoiaai ie?oaeaiey. Aunoae einoaioeeae, iaania/eaathuae
ni?aaaaeeeainoue ioiioaiee iaaeaeo ionoeueiaiaie, i?eciaaaeenue Aeeao e
Iooaiiaae. I?aaiecaoeeiiii ioi?ieaoenue, noaa naiinoiyoaeueiie
iieeoe/aneie neeie, iaueia Iooaiiaaea oaeeaeoaeueii auno?i
?ani?ino?aieea naia aeeyiea ia Iaaeeio, a caoai e ia anth A?aaeth.
Yia?aey, n eioi?ie ?oeiaiaeeiua Iooaiiaaeii a?aau ai?aaeenue a enoi?eth,
iaeiaeea naith ia/aoue ia aanue aa aeaeueiaeoee oiae, — yaeaiea
oaeeaeoaeueiia. Iaeii ec iauyniaiee yoiai /oaea caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi
a enoi?ee a?aaia n/anoeeaui ia?acii niaiaee iaaeaeo niaie aeaa iiauo
neioaca — nioeeaeueiue e aeooiaiue, aeaa ia?aoiaea io aa?aa?noaa e
oeeaeeecaoeee e io ycu/anoaa e iiiioaecio. Iie niaiaee a cia/eoaeueiie
noaiaie aeaaiaea?y aiainoi?iiiinoe aea?iaaiee Iooaiiaaea, a eioi?ii
aeooiaiay aeoaeia ni/aoaeanue n i?aeoe/aneie ioae?inoueth, ?aeeaeiciue
aaiee aeiiieiyeny aaieai iieeoe/aneei. Anee aei oeaeae?u aeayoaeueiinoue
Iooaiiaaea auea iai?aaeaia i?iiiaaaeue iiaie ?aeeaee, oi iinea oeaeae?u
— ia ai?ueao ca aa i?aeoe/aneia oi?aeanoai. O?oaeii neacaoue, ia yoii
yoaia iia auea aieaa oniaoiie. Ii ianiiiaiii, /oi oniaoe iaaeeineiai
aeanyoeeaoey, ia/aaoaainy n ia?anaeaiey Iooaiiaaea a Iaaeeio a 622 aiaeo
e caeii/eaoaainy, eao nia?oueth a 632 aiaeo, yaeythony aieaa c?eiuie e
aiooeoaeueiuie.

A yoio ia?eiae Iooaiiaae ieii/aoaeueii noi?ioee?iaae iuneue ia
eneeth/eoaeueiinoe naiae iennee e noae iaoeae?iaaoue Ei?ai eae
iineaaeithth e aunooth ?aeeaeth enoeio. Iooaiiaae caaa?oaao
(caia/aouaaao) /a?ac i?i?ieia, a Ei?ai — ?yae ioe?iaaiee. Yoa niaia
iineaaeiaaea iinea oiai, eae i?iaaeeeenue oneeey Iooaiiaaea iiaanoe ca
niaie yn?eaneeo aa?aaa e ii, /oiau ooaa?aeeoue naia ainiiaenoai a
ai?iaea, auioaeaeai aue ecaiaoue eo ioooaea neeie. Iiaoth aaoo ioiioaiee
e ethaeyi aeiei?aie/aneeo ienaiee, niaeanii eioi?ie enoeiiinoue i?aaeieo
ienaiee iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony Ei?aiii. Iooaiiaae iaicia/ee /ai, /oi ii
ia?aiaiee eeaeo (eeaea – “oi. /oi iaoiaeeony iai?ioea”) – oio ioieo, e
eioi?iio ionoeueiaia aeieaeiu ia?auaoue eeoei i?e iieeoaa. Aei yoiai
eeaeith ionoeueiai yaeyeny Ea?onaeei, /oi, eae, iioii iauyniyao
Iooaiiaae, auei naeaeaii aeey oiai /oiau “ociaoue, eoi neaaeoao ca
iineaiieeii n?aaee ia?auathueony aniyoue”. Aiai?y eia/a, i?eciaieai
nayoinoe Ea?onaeeia ethaeyi Ienaiey (aa?ayi e o?enoeaiai) aeaaaeny oain
aeia?iaieueii i?eciaoue ienneth Iooaiiaaea. Oae eae iie ia
ainiieueciaaeenue oaeie aiciiaeiinoueth, oi Iooaiiaae ecuyaeyao
?aoeiinoue ooaa?aeeoue naith aa?o aii?aee eo nii?ioeaeaieth e a ea/anoaa
eeaeu ecae?aao Iaeeo, oi/iaa, iaeeaineia nayoeeeua Eaaao. Aeey Iaaeeiu,
?aniieiaeaiiie iaaeaeo Iaeeie e Ea?onaeeiii, yoi auea ia?ai?eaioaoeey ia
180 a?aaeonia nianoaaiiia nayoeeeua aeey ?aeeaee oae aea aaaeii iaee/ea
nianoaaiiie eieae e nianoaaiiiai i?i?iea. Ia?aiaiie eeaeu Iooaiiaae
ieii/aoaeueii iiae/a?eio, /oi iiaoth aa?o iaeuecy iiieiaoue eae
?aoi?ie?iaaiiue eoaeaeci eee o?enoeainoai. Yoei aeoii iaeiia?aiaiii ii
aiceiaeee ia a?aaia iniaoth ioaaonoaaiiinoue aa?aioaie iiaie aa?u.

A Iaaeeia Iooaiiaae oi?ioee?oao eaeath nayuaiiie aieiu. En/a?iaa
aiciiaeiinoe i?iiiaaaee a aeaea ?ani?ino?aiaiey iiaie aa?u, Iooaiiaae
ieacaeny ia?aae caaea/ae: eae aicaeaenoaiaaoue ia oao, aeey eiai neiai,
i/aaeaeiay enoeiiinoue aiaeanoaaiiiai ioe?iaaiey ia iaeaaeaao
aeinoaoi/iie oaaaeeoaeueiinoueth. Ii iiieiae, /oi oai, aaea aanneeueii
neiai, ?aoathuei iiaeao ieacaoueny neea. Ioaiiaaeo i?aaenoiye oyaeaeue
auai?. Ii i?eoiaee e auaiaeo, /oi aieia ii?aaaeaiia eae aieia ca aa?o e
iinoieueeo iineieueeo iia iaaycuaaaony ianoiyoaeuenoaaie -. i?aaiaa?iuo
ai a?aaeaeaaiii ie?oaeaiee: “E cpaaeaeoanue ia iooe Aeeaoa n oaie, eoi
n?aaeaaony n aaie, ii ia i?anooiaeoa — iienoeia, Aeeao ia ethaeo
i?anooiathueo!.. E n?aaeaeoanue n ieie, iiea ia aoaeao 6oeueoa
eneooaiey, a (any) ?aeeaey aoaeao i?eiaaeeaaeaoue Aeeaoo”. Aieia noaaeo
oeaeueth ia ia?aoenue a aa?o (iineieueeo ?a/ue eaeao i ethaeyo Ienaiey —
yoi aeia?iaieueiia), a i?eaanoe e iiei?iinoe. Aieia aeey iaai ia
yaeyaony ?aeeaeiciui i?eioeeiii, a eeoue n?aaeno?i-?ani?ino?aiaiey aa?u
— ia?auaiey ycu/ieeia a eneai. Iaeiaei, aeiioneay aieio, Iooaiiaae
inayuaao aa. iaoiaey aeiy yoiai neeueiua a?aoiaiou, iniiaiuie ec eioi?uo
yaeythony neaaeothuea aeaa: aeia?iaeaoaeue aa?u auoa ii?iea oaeenoaa
(“aaaeue niaeaci — ooaea, /ai oaeaiea!”);nia?oue ca aa?o i?ae?ania ia
oai, /oi iia i?a?uaaao caiioth aeeciue, eioi?ay e aac oiai yaeyaony
a?aiiie, a oai, /oi iia ioe?uaaao ai?ioa aa/iinoe (“E neacaee iie:
“Ainiiaee iao! Ii/aio i?aaeienae Ou iai n?aaeaiea? Anee au Ou ioeiaeee
iai aei aeeceiai n?iea?” Neaaee: Iieueciaaiea caeaoiae aeeciueth –
iaaeieai, a iineaaeiyy aeeciue — eo/oa aeey oiai, eoi aiyeny, e ia
aoaeaoa au iaeaeaiu ie ia oeieeiao ieaao”).

Eaeay nayuaiiie aieiu, aeaaea anee au iia auea aa?ia naia ii
naaa, /oi, eiia/ii, ia oae, oycaeia n i?aeoe/aneie oi/ee c?aiey, eai
aieio iaaiciiaeii oaea?aeaoue ia aunioa neoaeaiey aa?a, iieiinoueth
i/enoea io ae?oaeo iioeaia. Aeaaea a aieiao, eioi?ua aae Iooaiiaae,
iaiaeiaaaeioth ?ieue ea?aea aeiau/a; nai ii, ii e?aeiae ia?a a iaeiii
neo/aa, aue eieoeeaoi?ii oaeenoaa ec-ca /oanoaa ee/iie ianoe (iinea
aeoau i?e Aaae?a).

Iainiiaaa aunieia ?aeeaeiciia i?aaeiacia/aiea naiaai ia?iaea e
eaeath nayuaiiie aieiu, Iooaiiaae oii?ii niea/eaae a?aaia a aeooa
eneaineiai ia?aca aeecie, iaia?oaeea auaeathueany aeeieiiaoe/aneea
niiniaiinoe e iieeiaiae/aneee oaeaio. Ii i?aaeii/eoae aeiaeaaoueny
oeaeae ie?ii, iooai eiii?iiennia, ii aai, aaea iie ieacuaaeenue
iaaeinoaoi/iuie, ?aoeoaeueii a?aeny ca i?oaeea (Iooaiiaae niaa?oee 19
aiaiiuo iioiaeia, a iinea nia?oe a aai e?aeia ne?iiiii ee/iii eiouanoaa
inoaeinue ainaiue ia/ae.). Iaeaieaa o?oaeiie, aeieaie, ?aciiia?aciie ii
iaoiaeai e aeenoaoaeueiie ii ?acoeueoaoai auea ai?ueaa Iooaiiaaea ca
iiei?aiea Iaeee e ia?auaiea eo?aeoeoia a eneai. Iooaiiaae nieioee
?ac?iciaiiua e a?aaeaeiaaaoea iaaeaeo niaie a?aaneea ieaiaia, iauaaeeiye
eo a aaeeiia ainoaea?noai e i?eaae e aaeeiie aa?a.

A?aau auee i?oaeeai eneaia, ii ieeae ia aai ia?aie/aieai.
Ionoeueiaia enoiaeeee ec aeoaieiai oaaaeaeaiey, /oi ana ethaee ?aaiu
ia?aae aiaii e ana iie aeieaeiu iiae/eiyoueny caeiia Ei?aia. Iie
iiieiaee naith ienneth eae anaie?ioth e auee aioiau i?eiaueoue e enoeia
eneaia ana ia?iaeu. Iooaiiaae ia auoae ca i?aaeaeu A?aaee, oioy e nia?ae
e eiioeo aeecie aieueoia aienei aeey iioiaea i?ioea Aecaioee. Yoi
naeaeaee aai i?aaiieee.

Iooaiiaae oia? oanoeaeanyoe o?ao eao a Iaaeeia a 632 aiaeo.
Nia?oue aai auea anoanoaaiiie, oioy caei?iauea aai auei iiaei?aaii oai,
/oi ca ianeieueei eao aei yoiai iaeia aeaiueia iuoaeanue io?aaeoue aai,
i?eneaa a aea? caaea?aiiiai aa?aia, niacaiiiai yaeii. Iia naeaeaea yoi a
ioianoeo ca oi, /oi ionoeueiaia oie/oiaeeee anao aa ?iaenoaaiieeia.
Iooaiiaae acye a ?io eonie io?aaeaiiiai iyna, ii auno?i, iuooea
iaeaaeiia, auiethioe aai (iaeei ec o?aiacieeia, eioi?ue aue ia noieue
eiaie, oia?). Iooaiiaae i?aae/oanoaiaae naith nia?oue, ia yoii
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao e oi, /oi ii i?eaeae iineaaeiaio iinauaieth Iaeee
i?iuaeueiue oa?aeoa?, e oi, /oi ii ioionoee ia aieth naieo ?aaia. Ii
oia? a caieoa neaau, ia ieea oniaoia n niciaieai auiieiaiiiai aeieaa.
Aai iineaaeieie neiaaie auee: “iao… aaeeeea… oiaa?eue… a ?ath”.
Iioi?iiai a Iaaeeia, aai iiaeea yaeyaony aoi?ie iinea Eaaau nayouiae
ionoeueiai.

Aiaeanoaaiiia i?aaeii?aaeaeaiea e /aeiaa/aneay naiaiaea.

Eaeay aaeeinoaa aiaa iieo/eea i?iaeieaeaiea a eaeaa
i?aaeii?aaeaeaiey, niaeanii eioi?ie aia oi?aaeyao ie?ii ia a iauai eee
eiia/iii niunea, a naiui iieiui, iaiin?aaenoaaiiui ia?acii. “O Iaai —
eeth/e oaeiiai; ciaao eo oieueei Ii, Ciaao, Ii, /oi ia nooa e ia ii?a;
eeno iaaeao oieueei n Aai aaaeiia, e iao ca?ia ai i?aea caiee, iao
naaaeaai eee nooiai, /aai ia auei au a eieaa yniie”. Noieue aea
en/a?iuaathua e iaiin?aaenoaaiii o/anoaoao aia a /aeiaa/aneeo aeaeao: “E
Ii – oio, eioi?ue oniieaeaaao aan ii/ueth e ciaao, /oi au aeiauaaaoa
aeiai, iioii Ii iaeeaeyao aan a iai, /oiau caaa?oeeny iacia/aiiue n?ie.
Iioii — e Iaio aaoa aica?auaiea, iioii Ii niiaueo aai, /oi au aeaeaee”.

Anee ana i?aaeii?aaeaeaii aiaii, oi yoi, ?acoiaaony, ioiineony e
e ceie aiea /aeiaaea. Ii anee aeiionoeoue i?aaeii?aaeaeaiea ei ceo, oi
iaaei ioeacaoueny io iiiyoey aaeeiiai ni?aaaaeeeaiai aiaa (eaeay oae oai
ni?aaaaeeeainoue, eiaaea iaeie aaci anyeeo ia oi iniiaaiee ia?aeatho ia
aeaaeue, a ae?oaea noieue aea i?iecaieueii ecae?athony aa/iie aeecie).
Iiyoiio Iooaiiaae, eae n/eoae Aeaaeeie? Nieiaueaa, ia iia
i?eaea?aeeaaoueny noieue aano?aeiiai acaeyaea, oioy e aeaaae iiaiae e
iaio naiei iaoiaieai ?an/eaiyoue e oi/ii oi?ioee?iaaoue ioaea/aiiua
eaeae. Nieiaueaa i?aaeeaaaao ?acee/aoue aeaa iunee: a) ethaee
oii?noaotho ai cea e iaaa?ee, iioiio /oi iie inoaeaeaiu aiaii; a) iie
inoaeaeaiu aiaii ec-ca oiai, /oi eca?aee e iaaa?ea. Ii iiaieth
Nieiaueaaa, ia?aay iuneue auea /oaeaea Iooaiiaaeo. Aiai?y i
aiaeanoaaiiii i?aaeii?aaeaeaiee i?eiaieoaeueii e /aeiaa/aneie noaeueaa,
ii iia eiaoue a aeaeo oieueei aoi?ia. I?aaeii?aaeaeaiea i?e oaeii
iiieiaiee auoaeaao ec anaaaaeaiey aiaa: aia aeaeeo e aaaeaao ana, a oii
/enea oi, /oi aoaeao. Ii oiaao /eoaoue a na?aeoeao e ii inoaeaeaao ia
aeaaeue oao, eoi oaea aei yoiai a aeoaeia aeooe i?aaeii/ae cei aeia?o.
Aiao, aeey oiai /oiau auianoe naie aa?aeeeo, ia iaaei aeaeaoue, eiaaea
cei aoaeao caiuneaii eee niaa?oaii, eai ii ca?aiaa ciaao, e eiaaea
caiuneeo e eiaaea niaa?oeo aai. “Oaeiaa Iooaiiaaeiaa iuneue i
i?aaeii?aaeaeaiee, iniiaaiiii ia ia i?iecaiea Aiaeeai, a ia Aai
anaaaaeaiee e anaaeaenoaaiiinoe. Yoa eioa?i?aoaoeey, i?e anae
oeeinioneie eciua?aiiinoe, yaeyaony oycaeiie. Iia enoiaeeo ec oiai, /oi
aia ana ciaao e ana noaeeo, ii ia ana nicaeaao. I?aaeiieaaaaony: aia
aaniethoai a iiciaiee e ioeaiea, ii ii ia aaniethoai a auoee. Ia ana
ieoe i?e/eiiinoe aeioiaeyo aei iaai, iaeioi?ua ec ieo ia?uaathony a
/aeiaaea. Oai naiui noaaeony iiae niiiaiea anaiiaouanoai 6oaa iiaay e
ecethaeaiiay iuneue Iooaiiaaea. E a?yaeee Iooaiiaae niaeaneeny n oaeei
iiieiaieai. Any aai aeooaaiay e eioaeeaeooaeueiay no?anoue auea
iai?aaeai i?eciaiea aaniethoiinoe aiaa. A yoii aii?ina Iooaiiaae ia
aeiioneae ieeaeeo eieaaaiee, aeaaea anee iie iioeae?othony
niia?aaeaieyie yoeee eee eiaeee. Eiaaea ii aiai?eo, /oi “e Aeeaoo aai
aica?ao, e Ii iaae eaaeaeie aauth iiuai”, /oi “ana — a eieaa yniie” , oi
yoi iaaei iiieiaoue i?yii e aoeaaeueii. Aia aaniethoai e aniunea auoey,
e a niunea iiciaiey, e a niunea noaea. Ii aaniethoii aaniethoai.
Ionthaea neaaeoao, /oi e /aeiaa/aneia , oii?noai a iaaa?ee, e
ii?aceoaeueiay neaiioa ethaeae ia?aae yniie enoeiie oaeaea
i?aaeii?aaeaeaiu aiaii. (Yoi oii?noai e yoa neaiioa, enoaoe caiaoeoue,
auee aeey Iooaiiaaea iaeiei ec a?aoiaioia a iieueco eaeae
i?aaeii?aaeaeaiey.)

Aia anoue i?e/eia anaai nouaai, oiai, /oi auei, anoue e aoaeao;
/aeiaa/aneia iiaaaeaiea ia ninoaaeyao eneeth/aiey. Ii nouanoaoao yoa
i?e/eia ia a aaeeinoaaiiii /enea e aeaenoaoao ia naia ii naaa, a /a?ac
iin?aaenoai e niioaaonoaaiii i?e?iaea oao i?aaeiaoia, eioi?uo iia
eanaaony. “…E ia ou a?inee, eiaaea a?inee, ii Aeeao a?inee”, — /eoaai
iu a Ei?aia. Yoe neiaa iiaeaeathony oaeie oeeinioneie eioa?i?aoaoeee,
eiaaea eo iiaeii n/eoaoue naiaia?aciie oi?ioeie i?aaeii?aaeaeaiey.
Ia?aia ooaa?aeaeaiea: ia ou a?inee (eaiaiue eee no?aeo, a
niioaaonoaothoai ayoa ?a/ue eaeao i aiaauo aeaenoaeyo). Aoi?ia
ooaa?aeaeaiea: ou a?inee. ?aoaiea yoie aioeiiee ninoieo a oii, /oi
a?inee /aeiaae, ii ia nai ii naaa, a eae i?e/anoiue Aeeaoo eee, /oi
iaeii e oi aea, Aeeao a?inee /a?ac iaai. Caeanue auaeaeythony aeaa
o?iaiy aeaoa?ieiaoeee: ca?aaeaiiay, aiaeanoaaiiay, e iaiin?aaenoaaiiay,
yiie?e/aneay. Iie caia/aoaeueiui ia?acii niaiaaeatho iaaeaeo niaie, a
?acoeueoaoa /aai iaeii e oi aea aeaenoaea i?ioaeaao e ii aiaeanoaaiiui e
ii caiiui e?eoa?eyi iaeiia?aiaiii. I?aaeii?aaeaeaiea ii?aaeaeyao aaue e
iinooiee eaaeaeiai ec ieo aea naieo, niioaaonoaaiii eo iniaie i?e?iaea.
Iaaa?ii aeoiaoue, aoaeoi oieueei oe, eiai noaeyo, caaenyo io oiai eoi
noaeeo. Noaeuey oaeaea caaeneo io oao, eiai ii noaeeo. Eaeay aeaieiie
aeaoa?ieiaoeee — aiaeanoaaiiiai ii?aaeaeaiey e i?e/eiiinoe a nianoaaiiii
(yiie?e/aneii) niunea neiaa — auea caia/aoaeueiie eiooeoeeae Iooaiiaaea.

Nouanoaoao iiaiea, aoaeoi niciaiea aiaeanoaaiiie
i?aaeii?aaeaeaiiinoe anaai i?ienoiaeyuaai ia?aeece?oao /aeiaa/aneoth
aeoeaiinoue. Iii enoiaeeo ec i?aaeiieiaeaiey, niaeanii eioi?iio /aeiaae
aeoeaai oiaaea, eiaaea ii ionoaeaaao naia. Aeaaea niaeaneaoenue n yoei
aeaeaei ia i/aaeaeiui oacenii, neaaeoao neacaoue: eaeay aiaeanoaaiiiai
i?aaeii?aaeaeaiey aiana ia eneeth/aao oiai, /oi /aeiaae i?aneaaeoao naia
aeaai. Iii oieueei aeiaaaeyao, /oi, ai?ynue ca nianoaaiiia aeaai /aeiaae
naa?o oiai auiieiyao aua aieth aiaa. Aeoeaiinoue eiaeeaeaeia a
aeinoeaeaiee i?aeoe/aneeo oeaeae caaeneo ia noieueei io niciaiey oiai,
/oi ii ai?aony ca naie eaeae, neieueei io oaaaeaeaiiinoe a oii, /oi yoi
— enoeiiua oeaee. Aiaeeyoeey e aiea aiaa anoue ciaiea aunoae noaiaie
enoeiiinoe. ?anniao?eaaaiia noaeaeaiea, iaaa?iia oai?aoe/anee,
ii?iaa?aaaony oaeaea i?aeoe/aneei iiuoii, a /anoiinoe iiuoii ia?auo
ionoeueiai, aaeeeia ?aeeaeiciia aaeioiiaaiea e aani?eia?iay enoi?e/aneay
yia?aey eioi?uo ieoaeenue oaaaeaeaiiua a oii, /oi iie auiieiyee aieth
Aeeaoa.

Eaeay i?aaeii?aaeaeaiey ia oieueei ia neiauaaao aeoeaiinoue
eiaeeaeaeia, iia noeioee?oao aa. Aiaeanoaaiiia i?iaeaeaiea aeaenoaoao
/a?ac iin?aaenoai aauae e niauoee caiiiai (yiie?e/aneiai, iiuoiiai)
ie?a. Ionthaea iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae — aeey oiai /oiau oaiaeeoue aiao,
iaaei aeaenoaiaaoue niioaaonoaaiii iauaeoeaiie ia?a aauae, iaeeoaeoei
ia?acii aeaeaoue naia aeaei. Aia i?aaeii?aaeaeyao, ii ia ii?aaeaeyao.

Eiia/ii, Aeeao anoue Aeeao. Ii iiaeao an?, iiaeao aeaaea ie?
nioai?eoue caiiai. Aeeao aaniethoai, ii eiaiii iiyoiio a ie?a ana
ioiineoaeueii, i?e/eiii iaoneiaeaii. Iienae, eae n/eoaaony, iia oai?eoue
/oaeana. Eenon oiaea. Ioxaiieae ia iiaeao oai?eoue /oaeana. Ii e ia
oi/ao yoiai, iieaaay, /oi iao aieueoaai /oaea, /ai Ei?ai. Naaaeaiea
/oaea e en/acathuaio ieieioio, ionoonoaea ni noi?iiu Aeeaoa
i?iecaieueiuo aeaenoaee, ia?ooathueo iauaeoeaiue oiae niauoee, ia iaia?
i?einoaiiaeaiey caeaoa nieioea eee iaiiu iaaaniie, — oa?aeoa?iay /a?oa,
iniaaiiinoue ionoeueiaineie ?aeeaee. Aia — aacaea e anaaaea, ii aacaea e
anaaaea ii inoaaony ii oo noi?iio, ca eaae?ii. Aai aiey ia?aeeaeueia
i?e/eiiinoe ie?a e ?aaeecoaony /a?ac iaa. Eee, aiai?y ii-ae?oaiio, naia
i?e/eiiinoue ie?a i?aaenoaao eae au?aaeaiea (io?aaeaiea, neaaenoaea)
aiaeanoaaiiiai i?aaeii?aaeaeaiey. “Ia aiceaaaao Aeeao ia aeooo ie/aai
e?iia aiciiaeiiai aeey iaa”. Caoi i aiciiaeiii aoaeao ni?ioaii a iieiie
ia?a.

Anee iiieiaoue iiae naiaiaeie naiaiaeiia (ianoaniaiiia,
ianeiaaiiia aiaoieie i?aiyonoaeyie) iaia?oaeaiea i?e?iaeu eaeiai-eeai
yaeaiey, i?ioeanna, nouanoaa (naiaiaeiia oa/aiea ?aee, naiaiaeiue aaa
eioaaee), oi i?aaeii?aaeaeaiea aiieia niaianoeii n oaeie naiaiaeie. Iii
i?aaeiieaaaao aa. O/eouaay /oi iiae i?aaeii?aaeaeaieai eiaaony a aeaeo
i?aaeii?aaeaeaiey aiaa (aaniethoiie ee/iinoe, aaniethoiie a naiai
niaa?oainoaa e iiaouanoaa), eiioeaioeeth i?aaeii?aaeaeaiey, neaaeoao
i?eciaoue /?acau/aeii i?iaeoeoeaiie n oi/ee c?aiey iainiiaaiey
ie?iono?ieoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea. Iia, n iaeiie noi?iiu,
iicaieyao iiaeiyoue yoo aeayoaeueiinoue aei auniou yoe/aneie iennee, a n
ae?oaie noi?iiu i?aaeaeueii ?aneiauaaao aa, iaoeaeeaay aa ia aa
nianoaaiiua, eaaeaeue ?ac aiieia eiie?aoiua e?eoa?ee.

O?oaeiinoue niaeaniaaiey i?aaeii?aaeaeaiey ni naiaiaeie /aeiaaea
naycaia n i?iaeaiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe. Anee ana aeaenoaey /aeiaaea
i?aaeii?aaeaeaiu nauoa, oi eae ii iiaeao e ii/aio aeieaeai aea?aeaoue
ioaao ca ieo? Ia icia/aao ee yoi, /oi aia oaeoe/anee iaeacuaaao e
iaa?aaeaeaao nai naay? *oiau ioaaoeoue ia yoe o?oaeiaeoea aii?inu, eae
eo iiieiae Iooaiiaae, neaaeoao eiaoue a aeaeo, /oi a iaeiii ioieoa
/aeiaae ioee/aaony io anao i?i/eo oai?aiee. Aio niioaaonoaothuaa ianoi
ec Ei?aia: “Iu i?aaeeiaeeee caeia (a ae?oaii ia?aaiaea “enoeiioth aa?o”.
— A. A.) iaaanai, e caiea, e ai?ai, ii iie ioeacaeenue aai iiianoe e
ono?aoeeenue aai; iiian aai /aeiaae, — aaaeue ii aue iaeae/eeii,
iaaaaeathuei, — /oiau Aeeao iia iaeacaoue eeoeaia?ia e eeoeaia?ie,
iiiaiaiaeieeia e iiiaiaiaeieoe e ia?aoeoueny e aa?othuei (ioae/eiai) e
aa?othuei s aeaiueiai). Aeeao — i?iuatho, ieeina?ae!”. Aia iinayoee
io/anoe /aeiaaea a naie caiuneu, ioe?ue aio naie oaeiu, caeeth/ea n iei
caaao ia enoeiiie aa?a e iinoaaea naith aeaaineeiiiinoue e /aeiaaeo a
caaeneiinoue io aai aa?u e iaaa?ey. Iaaana, caiey, ai?u ioeacaeenue, iie
ia niaeaneeenue acaaeeoue ia naay yoi iaauiineiia a?aiy. *aeiaae ia
ioeacaeny. ?aoaiea yoi iaaei i?aaeiieaaaoue, ii i?eieiae naiaiaeii.
I?eieiaoue yoi ?aoaiea eee ia i?eieiaoue — icia/aei i?e/anoeoueny e aiao
eee iao, iiaeiyoueny iaae naiae oaa?ueiinoueth eee iao. Ie/oi ia aiai?eo
i oii, /oi aiaii auei i?aaeii?aaeaeaii, /oiau iaaana, caiey, ai?u
oeeiieeenue io aai i?aaeeiaeaiey, a /aeiaae niaeaneeny. Oioy, i?aaaea, e
ie/oi ia aiai?ea ia ia?aoiii. Ii eae au oi ie auei, /aeiaae niaeaneeny.
Ii aea?cioe! Iineieueeo ?aoaiea i caaaoa n aiaii i?eieiaeinue /aeiaaeii
naiaiaeii, oi yoi yaeyaony iniiaaieai aiaiaiey aio niioaaonoaothueo
iinooieia, eanathueony enoeiiie aa?u, i?yiuo ienaiee aiaa.

Naiaiaea i?e oaeii iiieiaiee ieacuaaaony a?aieoeae iaaeaeo
aeaoiy ie?aie — caiiui e aiaeanoaaiiui, ie?ii oaie i?e/eiiinoe e
oea?noaii ni?aaaaeeeainoe. Auai? iaaeaeo ieie iia e eii/aaony, eai ii
naiae no?iainoe, iaaeiaaoaeueiinoe, iaioa?aoeiinoe iineaaenoaee
aiaeanoaaiiay ni?aaaaeeeainoue ie/ai ia ioee/aaony io i?e?iaeu
iaiaoiaeeiinoe.

I?e aieaa aieiaoaeueiii ?anniio?aiee ei?aie/aneie eiioeaioeee
ioaaonoaaiiinoe e naieoeee iu noaeeeaaainy n aeaoiy acaeiieneeth/athueie
ooaa?aeaeaieyie. N iaeiie noi?iiu ioiioaiea ethaeae e aa?a (iiieiaaiie,
eae iu eae iu oaeaeei ieaea, oe?iei, a aaeeinoaa n aeaeaie) anoue oio
e?eoa?ee, enoiaey ec eioi?iai aia ii?aaeaeyao naia ioiioaiea e iei.
Aa?othuea aoaeoo uaae?i iaa?aaeaeaiu, iaaa?othuea — aeanoiei iaeacaiu.
“Oa, eioi?ua oaa?iaaee auee aeaai/anoeau, — aeey ieo — ?aaeinoiay
aanoue…”. A oa, eioi?ua eciuoeytho ia Aeeaoa eiaeue, aoaeoo
n/anoeeau!”. Yoa iuneue iiaoi?yaony iiiaie?aoii e ninoaaeyao iaeei ec
iniiaiuo iioeaia anaai Ei?aia. Iooaiiaae i?e yoii iiae/a?eeaaao
ni?aaaaeeeainoue noieue ?aciiai ioiioaiey e ethaeyi, ooaa?aeaeay, /oi
iie iieo/atho ii caneoaai. “?acaa aai aicaeaaony ia ca oi, /oi au naie
i?eia?aee?” — aiai?eony a Ei?aia, eiay a aeaeo a?yaeouaa iaeacaiea
a?aoieeia. N ae?oaie noi?iiu, Iooaiiaae io/aoeeai, oioy e ia noieue
ianoie/eai auneacuaaao iuneue, /oi naii iaaa?ea iaaa?iuo, eo oii?noai a
caaeoaeaeaieyo auee ca?aiaa i?aaeii?aeaiu aiaii. “Iienoeia, oa, iaae
eioi?uie ii?aaaeaeinue neiai oaiaai Ainiiaea, ia oaa?otho, aeaaea anee
au i?eoee iei ana ciaiaiey, iiea ia oaeaeyo io/eoaeueiia iaeacaie”. E
aeaeaa: “Anee Aeeao einiaony oaay ceii, oi iao ecaaaeoaey io yoiai,
e?iia Iaai”. “A anee au iiaeaeae oaie Ainiiaeue, oiaaea oaa?iaaee au ,
eoi ia caiea, oeaeeeii”. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, ii ia aeaeae yoiai e ii, aia,
ianao ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca oi eee eiia ioiioaiea /aeiaaea e aa?a.

Aicieeaao aii?in: eae niaianoeoue yoe acaeiieneeth/athuea
noaeaeaiey? Iu ia aoaeai ?anniao?eaaoue ioaaou, eioi?ua iieaaatho, /oi
iie ioiinyony e ?aciui ia?eiaeai iiaaaeie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe
Iooaiiaaea eee ia?aeiauaatho eo oaeei ia?acii, /oi i?ioeai?a/ea
iauyaeyaony i?inoie aeaeeiinoueth. Ian eioa?anoao ae?oaia: niaianoeiu ee
yoe noaeaeaiey eiaiii a eo acaeiiio?eoeathuai niaea?aeaiee? Au?aaeaynue
aua oi/iaa, niaiauathony ee iie a eiaeea naiiai Ei?aia eee ia?aae niaie
i?inoie ?ac?ua a ie?iaicc?aiee Iooaiiaaea. Anoue, ii e?aeiae ia?a, iaeii
iauyniaiea, eioi?ia iicaieyao enoieeiaaoue ?anniao?eaaaiua noaeaeaiey
eae , yeaiaiou aaeeiie, aioo?aiia oeaeueiie aeooiaiie nenoaiu. Iii
ninoieo a i?aaeiieiaeaiee, niaeanii eioi?iio nooue caaaoa, aeiaiai?a
aiaa n /aeiaaeii ninoiyea a oii, /oi /aeiaae iieo/aao aiciiaeiinoue
i?ic?aoue naith noaeueao. Iinayuaiea a caiuneu aiaa icia/aei, /oi ia?aae
/aeiaaeii iiaeieiaaony oaeiay caaana iaae aai aoaeouei. Ii i?eiauaaony e
ciaieth i oii, /oi aio oaioiaaii aiaii, eaeia aai aan ia aanao
aiaeanoaaiiie ni?aaaaeeeainoe, iiiyoii, ianeieueei ioae?u auee iaaana,
caiey e ai?u ioeacaaoeany io noieue ia?aiaieoaeueiiai ciaiey. I?e oaeii
aeiiouaiee iaa oacena — e oi, /oi aa?a e iaaa?ea ethaeae
i?aaeii?aaeaeaiu aiaii, e oi, /oi aia coaeeo ca aa?o e iaaa?ea, eae anee
au yoi auei eo coanoaaiiia aeaei, — aiieia oeeaaeuaathony a iaeei
eiae/aneee ?yae.

Aeaiiia iauyniaiea, ?annaeaathuaa eiae/aneea niiiaiey, ia
ecaaaeyao, iaeiaei, io niiiaiee yoe/aneeo. A naiii aeaea, anee au
caiunae aiaa ninoiye a oii oieueei, /oiau iieacaoue iaaa?iui eo
ia/aeueiia aoaeouaa, ia inoaaea ei ieeaeie iaaeaaeaeu iiaeeyoue ia naith
noaeueao, aui?aaeoue aa, oi aai n o?oaeii iiaeii auei au n/eoaoue
ni?aaaaeeeaui e niaa?oaiii iaeuecy auei au iacaaoue ieeina?aeiui. A
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe caaao aiaa n /aeiaaeii aienai a aai
einiiniceaeathuoth aeayoaeueiinoue, aaea iinea ia?aiai oai?aiey e
ia?yaeo n iei ieaie?oaony aoi?ia oai?aiea. “E Iaio aaoa aica?auaiea anao
ii iaaoiaaieth Aeeyoa enoeiiiio. Aio Ii ia/eiaao oai?aiea, iioii
iiaoi?yao aai, /oiau aicaeaoue oai eioi?ua oaa?iaaee e oai?eee aeaaia,
ii ni?aaaaeeeainoe. A oa eioi?ua ia aa?iaaee, aeey ieo – ieouea ec
eeiyoea e iaeacaiea io/eoaeueiia ca oi, /oi iie ia aa?iaaee”. Iaaeaeo
ia?aui e aoi?ui oai?aieai — aeaiue iineaaeiaai no?aoiiai noaea.

Naiaia?acea yoeee Ei?aia

*aeiaaea, eioi?ue caoioae au iiciaeiieony n yoeeie Ei?aia a
eiiiaeoiii eceiaeaiee, aeaeao ?aci/a?iaaiea. Iooaiiaae ia inoaaee ie
naiaai Aeaeaeiaa, ie Iaai?iie i?iiiaaaee. Ii ia nicaeae ii?aeueiie
aeieo?eiu. Yoeea eae au ?anoai?eeanue a aai ie?iaicc?aiee: a
oai?aoe/aneie /anoe iia niaiaaeaao n aa?ie, a ii?iaoeaiie — n i?aaii.
Iaeiaei ionoonoaea yoeee a i?eau/ii aa?iiaeneii niunea aeaiiiai iiiyoey
(eae iniaie noa?u ciaiey e eoeueoo?u) ia icia/aao ionoonoaey a Ei?aia
yoeee aiiaua.

Ana oa ii?iu, eioi?ua aoiaeyo a Aeaeaeia e Iaai?ioth i?iiiaaaeue
e ninoaaeytho niaea?aeaiea oiai, /oi eiaioaony anoanoaaiiie
i?aanoaaiiinoueth, i?aaenoaaeaiu oaeaea e a Ei?aia. Ei?ai a yoii niunea
i?iaeieaeaao o?aaeeoeee eoaeaecia e o?enoeainoaa. ?anniio?ei aeey
i?eia?a ioiioaiea e ianeeeth.

Ei?ai i?eciaao ni?aaaaeeeainoue ii?i ?aaiiai aicaeayiey i?yii
nnueaynue ia Iienaaa caeii. A aeaiiii neo/aa Iooaiiaae ia noieueei
i?aaeienuaaao aiciacaeea ca oaeenoai, neieueei i?eieiaao aai eae
i?aaiaoth ?aaeueiinoue. Ia Iooaiiaae aaiaeeo oaeeii, ii nouanoaiaae
?aiueoa. Iooaiiaae naieoeeiie?oao oaeeii, ii ia iioiio, /oi a iai ?a/ue
eaeao i ianeeee, a iioiio, /oi ii noaeaao ianeeea, aaiaeeo a
eiio?iee?oaiua ?aiee. N aai oi/ee c?aiey, oaeeii ii?aaaeai eae
ia?aie/aiea ianeeey iaaeaeo ethaeueie: “Eoi oaee aeooo ia ca aeooo eee
ia ca ii?/o ia caiea, oio eae aoaeoi au oaee ethaeae anao. A eoi iaeeaee
oio eae aoaeoi au iaeeaee ethaeae anao”. Aeaeaa, Iooaiiaae ?aoeoaeueii
inoaeaeaao i?aeoeeo ianeeey, auoiaeyuoth ca ?aiee caeiia ?aaiiai
aiciacaeey, a /anoiinoe, auoiaaaoee n?aaee a?aaia iau/ae oaeenoaa aeaoae
ec-ca iaaeinoaoea aaeu: “E ia oaeaaeoa aaoeo aeaoae ec aiycie
iaaaeiaiey: Iu i?iieoaai eo e aan; iienoeia, oaeaaoue eo — aaeeeee
a?ao!”. Aeooiaiua oneeey Iooaiiaaea iai?aaeaiu ia oi, /oiau au?aaoueny
ca oceee ai?eciio caeiiiiai ianeeey, i/a?/aiiue ?aieaie oaeeiia. Ii
iiiu?yao caiaio ni?aaaaeeeaith aiciacaeey iaoa?eaeueiui
aiciaa?aaeaeaieai, n/eoay, /oi oaeay caiaia oaiaeia aiao. Ii naiia
aeaaiia caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi iiaay /aeiaa/aneay iauiinoue, iauiinoue
aaeeiie e enoeiiie aa?a, i?aaeiieaaaao oaeaea iiaoth i?aanoaaiioth
iniiao, aeaeathuoth iaioaeiui anyeia ianeeea: “I au, eioi?ua
oaa?iaaee!.. Ia oaeaaeoa naieo naay. Iienoeia, Aeeao e aai ieeina?ae!”.
Iooaiiaae — ia O?enoin, o iaai iao caiiaaaee ethaae e a?aaai. Oai ia
iaiaa e ii, eae O?enoin, i?aaeeaaaao oaeoth ia?niaeoeao, ia?niaeoeao
a?aonoaa e aa?a, eioi?ay i?aiaeieaaaao a?aaeaeo ieaiai e ia?iaeia.

Ei?ai eiaao, ?acoiaaony, naie eiei?eo, iaoneiaeai a?aiaiai e
iau/ayie ia?iaea, n?aaee eioi?iai ii aiciee, /oi io?aceeinue ia
eiie?aoiii iaoa?eaea e oi?ioee?iaeao i?aanoaaiiuo ii?i, ii ia eciaieei
eo iauae, a oeaeii aoiaienoe/aneie, /aeiaaeiooaa?aeaeathuae,
iai?aaeaiiinoe. Eiaaea Iooaiiaae ianoaaeyao: “Iienoeia, Aeeao
i?eeacuaaao ni?aaaaeeeainoue, aeaaiaeayiea e aea?u aeeceei; e Ii
oaea?aeeaaao io ia?cinoe, aioniiai e i?anooieaiey. Ii oaauaao aan:
iiaeao auoue, au iiiiieoanue!”, oi yoi oaeea naioaioeee, eioi?ua iu
iiaeai ano?aoeoue o ethaiai ii?aeenoa.

Yoe/aneia naiaia?acea Ei?aia caeeth/aaony ia a oii, /oi oai
i?aaenoaaeaiu oieeaeueiua i?aanoaaiiua e ii?iu eioi?uo iao a ae?oaeo
iaiyoieeao eoeueoo?u (anee ae ii?iu e anoue a Ei?aia, oi eo i/aiue iaei
e iie eiatho aoi?inoaiaiiia cia/aiea), a a oii, /oi yoe ii?iu aeaiu a eo
ia?an/eaiaiiie neeoiinoe n ae?oaeie oi?iaie ?aaoeyoeee iaae/aeiaa/aneeo
ioiioaiee, ?aeeaeiciui ?eooaeii, iau/iui i?aaii, th?eaee/aneei
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii. I?aanoaaiiinoue a Ei?aia ia nenoaiaoace?iaaia a
aeaea ii?aaeaeaiiiai eiaeaena, ia naaaeaia e iaic?eiie niaieoiiinoe
iaueo i?eioeeiia. Yoe/aneay aano?aeoeey a iai eae au canouea ia n?aaeiai
o?iaia. Caeanue, anoue aaeeie/iua i?aaeienaiey (oeia cai?aoa ia
oiio?aaeaiea naeieiu eee aeia), anoue ii?iu, ?aaoee?othuea iaeaoaiey a
ii?aaeaeaiiuo noa?ao (a a?aea, a aii?inao ianeaaeiaaiey e o. ae.), anoue
iiiyoey, iaiauathuea eiie?aoiua i?aanoaaiiua ioiioaiey e aeia?iaeaoaee
(ni?aaaaeeeainoue, ieeina?aeea, niaanoue, uaae?inoue e ae?.), ii iao
iiiyoey e oa?ieia, niioaaonoaothuaai iiiyoeth yoeee (eee ii?aee). Anee
niio?aoue ia yoi aa?iiaeneeie aeacaie, iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi a
Ei?aia io?aceeanue oa ?aiiyy noaaeey iauanoaaiiiai ?acaeoey, eiaaea
ii?aeue aua aieaoaia a ycue i?aeoe/aneie aeecie, ia yiaineie?iaaeanue io
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, ia aicauneeanue iaae iae a ea/anoaa aa ianooaaa e
e?eoa?ey. Oaeie acaeyae enoiaeeo ec oaaaeaeaiey, /oi iainiaeaiea e
yiaineiaoeey ii?aee io aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe yaeyaony oaaii iaecaaaeiui e
aeaaioai?iui. Yoi oaaaeaeaiea, iaeiaei, naii iiaeao auoue iinoaaeaii
iiae niiiaiea. Iaeuecy n/eoaoue aeieacaiiui, /oi aa?iiaeneay ii?aeueiay
o?aaeeoeey iaeaaeaao oie oieaa?naeueiinoueth, ia eioi?oth iia
i?aoaiaeoao. Ia iaiaa iainiiaaiiui yaeyaony aeiiouaiea, niaeanii
eioi?iio yoeea Ei?aia i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ia iniaoth noaaeeth, a iniaoth
eeieth ?acaeoey ii?aee.

?anniio?ei naiaia?acea ionoeueiaineie yoeee iooai aa
niiinoaaeaiey n o?enoeainei-aa?iiaeneie. O?enoeainei-aa?iiaeneay yoeea
anoue yoeea aano?aeoiuo i?eioeeiia, iniiaiiieiaeaiee; iia ia aiai?eo,
/oi e eae aeaeaoue, ia i?aaeienuaaao iinooieia, a ia?aie/eaaaony
oeacaieai iooe. Iia ?aoeaeneaia, a oai?aoe/aneie iaeanoe aa oneeey
nin?aaeioi/aiu ia aieaa aaeaeaaoiie oi?ioee?iaea ii?aeueiuo caeiiia, a
i?aeoe/aneie — ia /enoioa iioeaia. A ea/anoaa niaoeeoe/aneie iaeanoe
ciaiey yoeea i?aaeaea anaai e aeaaiui ia?acii eioa?anoaony aii?inii
iainiiaaiey ii?aee, i oii, eae iia aiiaua aiciiaeia. A ioee/ea io iaa
ionoeueiaineay yoeea anoue yoeea eiie?aoiuo ii?i. Iia noaoai i?aeoe/ia,
eioa?anoaony ia iaueie iniiaaieyie iiaaaeaiey, a ath i?aaeiaoiui
niaea?aeaieai. Aa iniiaiay i?iaeaia — eae e /oi iaaei aeaeaoue, ia
aiiaua, a aiieia eiie?aoii, a eaaeaeie noa?a aeecie, eaaeaeue aeaiue.

O?enoeainei-aa?iiaeneay yoeea a oeaeii ?eai?enoe/ia, aa
o?aaiaaiey i?aoaiaeotho ia oi, /oiau noaoue aaconeiaiuie iioeaaie
/aeiaa/aneie aiee. Iia ia i?eciaao ecaeieoaeueiuo ianoiyoaeuenoa,
i?aaeiieaaay, /oi o /aeiaaea anaaaea inoaaony aiciiaeiinoue iinoaaeoue
ia eii nianoaaiioth aeeciue. Yoeea Ei?aia aiieia n/eoaaony n
/aeiaa/aneeie aiciiaeiinoyie e ianoiyoaeuenoaaie. Ionoeueiaieio
cai?auaaony anoue naeieio, ii anee neo/aaa oae, /oi ia/aai anoue, e?iia
naeieiu, oi aeiioneaaony ionooieaiea io aeaiiiai cai?aoa. Nouanoaoao
iaycaiiinoue iinoa, ii iia ia ?ani?ino?aiyaony ia aa?aiaiiuo aeaiuei eee
oao, eoi iaoiaeeony a iaaiea. Ii?iu ionoeueiaineie yoeee ciatho e
aeiioneatho eneeth/aiey, ia?o eo eiia?aoeaiinoe iaeuecy n/eoaoue
eaoaai?e/aneie ca iaeiei, ?acoiaaony, eneeth/aieai, eioi?ia eanaaony
yiie ionoeueiaineie aa?u. Ca aa?o iiaeii e iaaei oia?aoue. Ana
inoaeueiia ia noieo /aeiaa/aneie aeecie.

O?enoeainei-aa?iiaeneay yoeea e yoeea Ei?aia ioaa/atho eae au ia
?aciua aii?inu. Ia?aay — ia aii?in i oii, ca/ai iaaei auoue ii?aeueiui:
iia neiaii euao a?aoiaiou i?ioea eneooaiey iaieoenue aac ii?aee. Aoi?ay
— ia aii?in i oii, eae noaoue ii?aeueiui, /oi aeey yoiai iaaei aeaeaoue.
A ionoeueiaineie yoeea aeaeaiea auoue ii?aeueiui eae au
iiae?acoiaaaaony: iia caieiaaony iieneii iioeiaeueiuo iooae aai
inouanoaeaiey. Ei?ai – eieaa aeey oao, eoi aa?oao, “?oeiaiaenoai aeey
aiaiaiyciaiiuo”, iia ia ianoaaeyao ia iooue aa?u, a o/eo eeoue oiio, eae
i?aaeeueii aiieioeoue aa?o. Aii?in, ia?aae eioi?ui inoaiaaeeaaaony
O?enoeainei-aa?iiaeneay yoeea ca/ai auoue ii?aeueiui, — a ionoeueiaineie
yoeea nieiaaony aeeth/aieai ii?aee a aa?o. Ii?aeueiue ia?ac aeecie
aa?aioe?oao aeaaeainoai aa/iie aeecie, a oi a?aiy eae ii?i/iue ia?ac
aeecie iaieioaii aaaeao e no?aoiui ioeai aa/iie nia?oe. Ni?aaaaeeeainoe
e ieeina?aeey euao oio, eoi euao naiae auaiaeu. Noieue aea i?inoia
?aiaiea iieo/aao aii?in i oii, ii/aio ioaeaaony i?aaeii/oaiea oai eee
eiui ii?iai (oeia cai?aoa eiaoue aieaa /aou?ao aeai, o?aaiaaiey aeaeaoue
iaycaoaeueiua e aeia?iaieueiua iiaea?oaiaaiey ioaeaeathueiny e o.ae.), –
ii oie i?e/eia, /oi iie i?aaeienaiu aiaii. Ha?yaeo ni neiaii “Ei?ai”
aeey iaicia/aiey naieo i?iiiaaaeae Iooaiiaae oiio?aaeye aua oa?iei
“aeue-oo?eai”, /oi icia/aao “?acee/aiea”. Ei?ai eae ?ac iaicia/aao
?acee/ea, a?aieoeo iaaeaeo enoeiiui e eiaeiui, aeia?ui e ceui. Oaeei
ia?acii, ii?aeueiue iioea a eneaia niaiaaeaao eae n iioeaii
aeaai?acoiey, oae e n iioeaii aeaai/anoey.

O?enoeainei-aa?iiaeneay yoeea i?aaeiieaaaao /aeiaaea
?acaeaiaiiith, aa/ii iaaeiaieueiiai naiei niaie, eioi?ue iinoiyiii
no?aieony e niaa?oainoao aac oaa?aiiinoe eiaaea-ieaoaeue aeinoe/ue aai.
Iia oaeo a naaa ii iianiinoue ii?aeueiiai ?aeyoeaecia e aeaaea
ieaeeecia. Ionoeueiaineay yoeea, iai?ioea, enoiaeeo ec aieaa
i?ecaieaiiiai, ii caoi aieaa ?aaeueiith ia?aca /aeiaaea, eioi?ue aiieia
iiieiaao e — naiia aeaaiia — i?eieiaao ia?aie/aiiinoue naieo
/aeiaa/aneeo aiciiaeiinoae. Iia ioeacuaaao /aeiaaeo a aiaiiiaeiaee e
aieaa peaeenoe/anee oioy e iaiaa aicauoaiii, i/a?/eaaao i?ino?ainoai aai
i?aanoaaiii ioaaonoaaiiiai iiaaaeaiey. Iia /?aaaoa iianoiinoueth,
noaaiaoeee, aeiaiaoecia. Ei?ai aeaao aeaoaeece?iaaiioth i?ia?aiio aeecie
eiaeeaeaeia. I?ia?aiia yoa n/eoaaony iai?a?aeaaiie, iia neoaeeo ia
oieueei pyeiaiaenoaii e aeaenoaeth, ii e aeiaiie. Oi/iaa neacaoue, iia
yaeyaony ?oeiaiaenoaii e aeaenoaeth eiaiii a ea/anoaa aeiaiu.
Ia?niaeoeaa, caaeaaaaiay ionoeueiaineie yoeeie, i?eioeeieaeueiie
iaenoi?e/iinoueth. Ai anyeii neo/aa, yoi – eiay enoi?e/iinoue, /ai oa,
eioi?ay caeeth/aia a o?enoeainei-aa?iiaeneie yoeea aano?aeoiuo
i?eioeeiia. Eiia/ii, neaaeiaaiea Ei?aio oiaea iaeaaei. I?aaiaa?iue
ionoeueiaiei anaaaea aoaeao eiaoue aeinoaoi/ii iiaiaeia aeey oa?ucaiee
niaanoe. Oai ia iaiaa caci? iaaeaeo ii?aeueth e ?aaeueiinoueth,
aeieaeainoaiaaieai e auoeai a eneaia ea/anoaaiii eiui, /ai a neo/aa
o?enoeainei-aa?iiaeneie yoeee. E Iooaiiaae a?yae ee iia au iiaoi?eoue
neiaa Eenona i oii, /oi aai oea?noai ie?a naai.

Yoeea Ei?aia niiinoiaeyaony iaie n xpenoeainei-aa?iiaeneie
yoeeie aeey oiai, /oiau auyaeoue aa naiaia?acea, ii ioithaeue ia aeey
oiai, /oiau iiae/a?eiooue aa i?aainoiaenoai eee ia?aie/aiiinoue. Yoeea,
noaaoay aeooiai iniiaie ia?iiiie oeeaeeecaoeee, eioi?ay nouanoaoao aieaa
ouny/e eao, caneoaeeaaao oiai, /oiau aa ioeaieaaee ii aa nianoaaiiui
e?eoa?eyi. Anee ii?aeueiue auo /aeiaa/anoaa neeaaeuaaaony ec ?acee/iuo
o?aaeeoeee, eioi?ua acaeiii aeiiieiytho ae?oa ae?oaa, iiaeiaii oiio eae
?aciua oeaaou, niaaeeiyynue aianoa, iiaoo ninoaaeoue iaeei i?ae?aniue
aoeao, oi yoeea Ei?aia, aia anyeiai niiiaiey, yaeyaony iaeiei ec ieo.
Iia eiaao aiieia naiioeaiiia cia/aiea.

Caeeth/aiea

Ii?aeue aeaao /aeiaaeo niciaiea naiaai aeinoieinoaa. Iia oi?ioee?oao
iniiaaiey, ii eioi?ui ethaee iiaoo oeaieoue naay e ae?oa-ae?oaa. Ii yoei
iniiaaieyi ioaeanoaaiiue /aeiaae auoa, /ai o?on, uaae?ue /aeiaae auoa,
/ai neoiie, naiiioaa?aeaiiue /aeiaae auoa, /ai naayethaaoe. *oi eanaaony
nioeeaeueiuo nenoai, oi eaaeaeay ec ieo eiaao naie e?eoa?ee,
ii?aaeaeythuea oeaiiinoue eiaeeaeaeia. A iaoea – yoi iaeie e?eoa?ee, iie
naycaiu n iao/iuie ioe?uoeyie e iieo/atho io?aaeaiea a ?aciiai ?iaea
caaieyo e i?aieyo, a yeiiiieea – ae?oaea , naycaiiua n oniaoii a
eiieo?aioiie ai?ueaa e au?aaeathueany a aaee/eia aaieianeeo n/aoia, a
iieeoeea – o?aouee, ninoiyuea a eneonnoaa ni?acia?youe ?aciua eioa?anu,
oiaiee aeiaeaaoueny oniaoia ia auai?ao e o.ae. A eaaeaeie ec yoeo
nioeeaeueiuo nenoai ii?aeue aeaenoaoao ia naia ii naaa, ia i?yii, ia
/a?ac nianoaaiii ii?aeueiua iioeau, a iin?aaenoaaiii , einaaiii, /a?ac
aeenoeeieeio e aeanoeea oi?iu aeayoaeueiinoe, eioi?ua niaoeeoe/iu eiaiii
aeey aeaiiie nenoaiu. A iieia anoanoaaiii , /oi /aeiaae, eioi?ue oi/ao
auoue iieaciui e caneoaeeoue oaaaeaiea a iaoea, aeieaeai i?aeoeeiaaoue
niaa?oaiii eiua ea/anoaa e oiaiey , /ai /aeiaae , eioi?ue oi/ao auoue
iieaciui e caneoaeeoue oaaaeaiea a aeciana. Noieue aea anoanoaaiii, /oi
yoe ?aciua, auoue iiaeao aeaaea i?ioeaiiieiaeiua, ea/anoaa e oiaiey
iaeuecy ioeaieaaoue naie ii naaa, ia iniiaa aano?aeoiuo ii?aeueiuo
i?eioeeiia. Iie oeaiiu e ii?aaaeaiu naiae ooieoeeiiaeueiinoueth.

Neiaii, iiiaea ec i?aaeienaiee aaeeeeo ii?aeenoia a nia?aiaiiii iauanoaa
ieacuaathony eceeoieie. Ii ia iioiio, /oi iie eiaeiu eee iaaeoiaiiu. A
niaa?oaiii ii eiie i?e/eia: caeeth/aiiia a ieo ii?aeueiia niaea?aeaiea
iaania/eaaaony eiui, e oiio aea aieaa iaaeaaeiui niiniaii. Oae nui, noaa
ac?ineui, ia ioaeaeaaony a aieaa i?yiie iiaea iooea. Iaiaoiaeeiinoue
iiaee ii nieiaao c?aeinoueth naiaai iiaaaeaiey. E iauanoai, ia?aoay
einoooeeiiaeueioth c?aeinoue, iauaeoeaii ieacaeny aeeaea e aaeeeei
ii?aeenoai, /ai oiaaea, eiaaea iii iaoiaeynue iiae eo i?yiie ioeaieie.

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u

Aonaeiia A.A. Aaeeeea ii?aeenou.- I.: ?anioaeeea, 1995.

Aeoaei A.E. Eaeaae, ni?aaaaeeeainoue, n/anouea. – I.: 1999.

Eenaeue I.A. Enoi?e/aneia niciaiea e i?aanoaaiiinoue. – I.: 1990

Iaeaoia A.A. Niune aeecie e i?aanaaiiia ioiioaiea e ie?o. – I.: 1986

Oaoa?eaae/ A. I n/anouea e niaa?oainoaa /aeiaaea. – I.: 1981.

Oeoa?aiei A.E. ?aoeeiiaeueiia e yiioeeiiaeueiia a ii?aee. – I.: 1983.

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