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Наркотенденции как определенное эмоционально-поведенческое явление. Основные особенности

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IEAI:

IA?EIOAIAeAIOeEE

EAE II?AAeAEAIIIA YIIOeEIIAEUeII-IIAAAeAI*ANEIA ssAEAIEA E INIIAIUA
INIAAIIINOE.

1. Ia?eineooaoeey a ?innee.

N ?acaaeii Niaaoneiai Nithca iaoaieci ainoaea?noaaiiie
neoaeau ii ai?ueaa n ia?eioeeaie e eo ?ani?ino?aiaieai i?aeoe/anee
?aniaeny ia ninoaaiua /anoe, neooaoeey auoea ec-iiae eiio?iey.
Ea?aaaiiua iooe oi?aiaoeaa ia?eioeeaie ieii/aoaeueii neiaeeeenue.
Naa?aeeianeay iaeanoue noaea iaeiie ec ia?aaaei/iuo aac iioiea
ia?eioeeia, eaeoueo eo Eacaonoaia e N?aaeiae Acee ia caiaae e naaa?
no?aiu, a ?aeiiu e?oiiuo i?iiuoeaiiuo ai?iaeia e iano eeoaiey naiaiaeu
eae iniiaiuo iio?aaeoaeae. Ia?ei?uiie no?aieoaeueii iaiyao no?oeoo?o,
ia?eiiaiey iieiaeaao. A noa?o eioa?ania ia?eiaeciana aoyaeaathony ia
oieueei iiae?inoee, ii e aeaoe. A?aiy, eiaaea “o?aaeie” e “ii?ioeii”
aaeiaaeenue eneeth/eoaeueii i?aaenoaaeoaee i?anooiiiai ie?a e nooaeaiou,
aacaica?aoii ooei. Ia?eineooaoeey caoaaoeea naiua oe?ieea neie
ianaeaiey.

Aeaoa?eiao?a, a neeo naiaai aaia?aoe/aneiai iieiaeaiey,
noae ia?aaaei/iui ioieoii ii iooe neaaeiaaiey ec N?aaeiae Acee a Aa?iio
ia?eioeeia, a ec Aa?iiu a Aceth – i?oaeey.

Naaiaeiy ec Oaaeaeeeenoaia, Ocaaeenoaia, Ee?aecee,
Eacaonoaia, Aca?-aaeaeaeaia, A?iaiee e A?ocee ia N?aaeiee O?ae
iaeaouaatho Iiuiua ia?eiaieiu. O?aeueoeu ieacaeenue aaccaueoiuie ia?aae
?acaooaaaaoaeny ia?einoeoeae. Iaua?inneeneee caeii ieacaeny neaa, a
ianoiua aeanoe caiyee auaeeaeaoaeueioth iiceoeeth ia?aae iaoeneii “aaeie
nia?oe”.

I?yii i?iii?oeeiiaeai ?inoo iio?aaeaiey ia?eioeeia o?iaaiue
i?a-nooiiinoe, i?e/ai oneeeaaaony aa?anneaiinoue, aeanoieinoue
i?anooieaiee, naiua aan/aeiaa/iua niaa?oathony ia?eiiaiaie.

2. Iiae?inoeiaay ia?eiiaiey.

Ca iineaaeiea aiaeu ?acei aic?inee ana iieacaoaee,
oa?aeoa?ecothuea ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoue aeeiaieecia e ia?eiiaiee n?aaee
aeaoae.

?ino i?eiaiaiey ia?eioeeia ianiaa?oaiiieaoieie oanii naycai
n ae?oaeie i?anooieaieyie, niaa?oaiiuo ii ?innee iiae?inoeaie e
naycaiiuo n ia?eioeeaie, oaaee/eeinue a /aou?a ?aca ca iineaaeiea iyoue
eao.

Ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue eaaeaeue aeanyoue oeieueiee ii
no?aia oaea i?iaiaae ia?eioee. E yoe aeaiiua, e niaeaeaieth, ieaea
aeaenoaeoaeueiuo. I?eieiay ia?eioee, iiae?inoie iinoaiaiii
noaiiaeony ia?eiiaiii. ?acee/atho iyoue yoaiia iinoaiaiiie
ia?eioecaoeee:

1. Aaeeie/iia eee ?aaeeia oiio?aaeaiea ia?eioeeia.

2. Iiiaie?aoiia eo oiio?aaeaiea aac i?eciaeia ineoe/aneia e oece/aneie
caaeneiinoueth

3. Ia?eiiaiey 1-ie noaiaie: noi?ie?iaaia ineoe/aneay caaeneiinoue. Iiene
?aaee iieo/aiey i?eyoiuo iuouaiee, ii aua iao oece/aneie caaeneiinoe, a
i?ae?auaiea i?eaia ia?eioeea iiea ia aucuaaao io/eoaeueiuo iuouaiee.

4. Ia?eiiaiey 2-ie noaiaie: oaea neiaeeeanue oece/aneay caaeneiinoue io
ia?eioeea; iiene oaea iai?aaeai ia noieueei ia oi, /oiau aucaaoue
yeoi?eth, neieueei ia oi, /oiau ecaaaeaoue io/aiee, aanoeiaioeee
(eiiee).

5. Ia?eiiaiey iineaaeiae, 3-ae noaiaie: iieiay – oece/aneay e
ineoe/aneay aeaa?aaeaoeey.

N/eoaaony, /oi inoaiiaeony i?e i?eaia ia?eioeeia aiciiaeii
eeoue ia ia?auo aeaoo noaaeeyo. Enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi oieueei
iyoay /anoue i?eieiathueo ia?eioeeia iiae?inoeia ia?aoiaeyo iianioth
/a?oo e noaiiayony caei?aiaeuie ia?eiiaiaie. Ii a oeaeii ii no?aia yoi
ia?iiiua oeeo?u.

E?iia oiai, iiae?inoee, i?inoi oiio?aaeyaoea ia?eioeee, ia
noaaoea ia?eiiaiaie, ana ?aaii i?eia?aoatho onoie/eaua ineoieiae/aneea
eiiieaenu: i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiea naay iauanoaaiiie ii?aee, o?aaeeoeeyi,
nouanoaothuei a ie?a ac?ineuo.

Iiae?inoeiaue ia?eioeci naycai n yenia?eiaioe?iaaieai,
iieneii iiauo, iaiau/iuo iuouaiee e ia?aaeeaaiee. Aeaaii?eyoiui oiiii
?acae-oey aeaoneiai e iiae?inoeiaiai ia?eioecia yaeythony onoie/eaua
eiiieaenu-?aaeoeee, iniiaiie ec eioi?uo yaeyaony ?aaeoeey yiaineiaoeee.
A iniiaa aa caeiaeaii no?aieaiea iiae?inoea inaiaiaeaeaoueny io
i?eau/iuo ?aiie (naiuee, o/aaiie n?aaeu e o.ae.). Yoi iaeaieaa
oa?aeoa?ii aeey iiae?inoeia, auoiaeyueo ec AOE, NIOO, niaoeoeie, eiaaea
iiyaeyaony aeaeaiea ana iii?iaiaaoue.

Niinianoaoao ia?eioecaoeee ianiaa?oaiiieaoieo e ?aaeoeey
a?oiie?i-aaiey. Aei 90% ia?eiiaiia ia/eiatho oiio?aaeyoue ia?eioeee a
eiiiaieyo naa?noieeia; a iniiaa oaeiai iiaaaeaiey – iiae?aaeaiea
i?aaeeai a?oiiu, e eioi?ie iiae?inoie i?eiaaeeaaeeo.

?aaeoeey oi?ie?iaaiey naenoaeueiiai aea/aiey oaeaea
iaoneaaeeaaao ia?eiiaieth a iiae?inoeiaie n?aaea. Iaeioi?ua iiae?inoee
?aaeecotho naenoaeueiua aia/aoeaiey iooai aaeethoeeiaoeee naenoaeueiiai
ieaia. Eo?aiea aaoeoa, ii iiaieth ianiaa?oaiiieaoieo, iiauoaao
naenoaeueioth iioaioeeth.

Aeey ia?aiai oiio?aaeaiey ia?eioeea ianiaa?oaiiieaoieie
oa?aeoa?iu neaaeothuea iioeau: 31% – aeaeaiea auoue, eae ana (eiiieaen
iiae?inoeiaiai eiioi?iecia), 19% – no?aieaiea eniuoaoue iiaua
aia/aoeaiey (ethaiiuonoai), 12% – iiene oaioanoe/iiai, 10% – no?aieaiea
caauoueny, ioeeth/eoueny io iai?eyoiinoae.

E?iia oiai e iioeaai oiio?aaeaiey ia?eioeeia iiae?inoeaie
iaiaoiaeeii ioianoe oaeaea oaeea, eae aeaeaiea ?anneaaeoueny,
iiaanaeeoueny, no?aieaiea auaeyaeaoue “e?ooui”. Eiiaaea ia?eioeee
i?eieiatho “aeey niaeinoe” eeai /oiau iiaeoaa?aeeoue noaoon “aaaeeiai
ooaiea” a n?aaea naa?noieeia. Ano?a/athony neo/ae ianeeuenoaaiiiai
i?eaia ia?eioeeia, eiaaea niaoeeaeueii iiae?inoeia “naaeyo ia eaeo” a
n?aaea naa?noieeia. Ano?a/athony neo/ae ianeeuenoaaiiiai i?eaia
ia?eioeeia, eiaaea niaoeeaeueii iiae?inoeia “naaeyo ia eaeo”, /oiau
iioii canoaaeoue niaa?oaoue i?anooieaiey.

Iaeiie ec cia/eiuo i?e/ei ia?auaiey iiae?inoeia e
ia?eioeeai yaeyaony eioaioeeeci – ianiiniaiinoue 15-16-eaoieo
iiae?inoeia i?eieiaoue ?aoaiey, no?aieaiea eaeoe ii aieaa i?inoiio iooe.

Ee/iinoe n iaonoie/eaui oeiii oa?aeoa?a /aua noaiiayony
ia?ei-iaiaie, Oaeea iiae?inoee iinoiyiii ioaeaeathony a noeioeyoeee.
AEaaeaea ?acaea/aiee, iiauo ia?aaeeaaiee i?eaiaeeo eo a anioeeaeueiua
a?oiiu ianiaa?oaiiieaoieo e ac?ineuo, /anoi oieeaao ia niaa?oaiea
i?anooieaiey.

Iai?eia?, 15-eaoiee E. i?eaeaeaaony e oaieiaiie
ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca niaa?oaiea a?aaaaeae. Iioeaii niaa?oaiey i?anooieaiee
auei aeaeaiea aeiauoue n?aaenoaa ia i?eia?aoaiea ?anoai?eoaey, eioi?ui a
a?oiia naa?noieeia aeuoae, i?aaeaa?eoaeueii iaeea a oeaeeioaiiaue eoeae.
ia iiiaio a?anoa iiae?inoie oaea a oa/aiea aeaoo eao yaeyaony
oieneeiiaiii. Aiaeae aai a oiio?aaeaiea oiene/aneeo aauanoa noa?oee
a?ao. Niinianoaiaaei aai oieneeiiaiee oaeaea ianniaia oiio?aaeaiea
oiene/aneeo aauanoa iiae?inoeaie aeai?a, aaea ii i?iaeeaaao.

3. Oa?aeoa?enoeea naiae ia?eiiaiia.

Iaeia ec iniiaiuo i?e/ei ?ani?ino?aiaiey ia?eiiaiee n?aaee
aeaoae e iiae?inoeia – ?ino nioeeaeueiiai ne?ionoaa. Aieueoeinoai
iaeieaoieo ia?eiiaiia, aeeiaieeeia e oieneeiiaiia – yoi aeaoe ec
iaaeaaiiieo/iuo naiae: ?iaeeoaee-aeeiaieeee, aaaeouea anioeeaeueiue
ia?ac aeecie, a oaeaea ?iaeeoaee, niaa?oaiii ia eioa?anothueany
noaeueaie ?aaaiea, caiyou naieie aeaeaie (ee/iie aeeciueth,
ca?aaaouaaieai aeaiaa e o.ae.). Ne?uoay aaciaaeci?iinoue ne?uoa io
ie?oaeathueo, ii ia io ?aaaiea. A yoeo neo/ayo ?aaaiie ino?i iuouaao
naith iaiieiioeaiiinoue, no?aieoueny eae-oi eiiiaine?iaaoue aa. ?aaeoeey
eiiiainaoeee e naa?oeiiiainaoeee i?aaenoaaeytho niaie neiaeiua oi?iu
iiaaaeaiey e aeayoaeueiinoe, ii?aaeaeytho aeeciaiioth iiceoeeth ?aaaiea.
?aaeoeey eiiiainaoeee iai?aaeaia ia aeinoeaeaiea oniaoia a oao iaeanoyo,
aaea ?aaaiie /oanoaoao naay oaa?aiii. ?aaeoeey naa?oeiiiainaoeee – yoi
iiiuoea aeiaeoueny oniaoa ia o/anoea iaeaieueoaai nii?ioeaeaiey.
Oiio?aaeaiea ia?eioeeia iaeuecy n/eoaoue i?iyaeaieai ?aaeoeee
eiiiainaoeee; iaeiaei a iaeioi?uo neo/ayo iiae?inoee n iiiiuueth
iiae?inoeia nieiatho yiioeeiiaeueiia iai?yaeaiea.

Ainieoaiea ii oeio aeia?i?iaeoeee (iaaaeaeaaoii aieueoea
iaaeaaeaeu ?iaeeoaeae ia ?aaaiea) oaeaea iiaeao i?eaanoe e nioeeaeueiie
aeacaaeaioaoeee, a eiiaaea – e i?eiauaieth iiae?inoeia e oiio?aaeaieth
ia?eioe/aneeo aauanoa. Iaeiaei a iiea c?aiey ia?eieiaia yoe iiae?inoee,
eae i?aaeei, ia iiiaaeatho, iineieueeo ?iaeeoaee anaie neeaie no?aiyony
ne?uoue oaeou oiio?aaeaiey ia?eioeeia, ecaaaeaoue iinoaiiaee iiae?inoea
ia o/ao.

4. Iaoaieciu ineoieiae/aneie caueou ia?eiiaiia.

Iaeaieaa oeie/iuie aeey iiae?inoeia, oiio?aaeythueo
ia?eioeee, yaeyaony neaaeothuea iaoaieciu ineoieiae/aneie caueou:

1. Auoaniaiea – ec niciaiey auoaniythony ia noieueei oaeou
oiio?aaeaiey, neieueei ineoieiae/anee o?aaiaoe/iua ianoiyoaeuenoaa,
niioonoaothuea oiio?aaeaieth ia?eioe/aneeo aauanoa. E oaeei
ianoiyoaeuenoaai ioiinyony aeaaeue iaeiiai ec ciaeiiuo io ia?aaeice?iaee
ia?eioeea, iiiauaiea ciaeiiiai a ianoa eeoaiey naiaiaeu. Auoaniaiea
iaeaieaa oa?aeoa?ii n aeoeaiooaoeeae oa?aeoa?a eee ineoiiaoeae
enoa?ieaeiiai oeia.

2. ?aoeeiiaeecaoeey – yoio caueoiue iaoaieci, n iiiiuueth
eioi?iai iiae?inoie no?aieony iaeoe i?eaieaiia iauyniaiea oiio?aaeaieth
ia?eioe/aneeo aauanoa, nianoaaiii, ?aoeeiiaeece?oao iaoieiae/aneia,
iaaeinoaoi/ii iniciaaaaiia aea/aiea e ia?eioeeai. Iaeaieaa iiioey?iu
neaaeothuea ?aoeeiiaeueiua iauyniaiey i?eaia ia?eioeeia: “ii
iiae?aaeaieth”, “aeey oiai, /oiau oniieieoueny” e o.ae.

3. I?iaeoeey – yoio caueoiue iaoaieci, n iiiiuueth eioi?iai
iiae?inoie inaiaiaeaeaaony io /oanoaa no?aoa e aeiu, i?eienuaay naie
iaaaoeaiua ea/anoaa ae?oaei ethaeyi. O iieiaeuo ia?eiiaiia ioia/athony
i?iyaeaiey ?aoeeiiaeenoe/aneie i?iaeoeee. Ia?eiiai ciaao, /oi ii
oiio?aaeyao ia?eioeee e iiaeaa?aaaony iianiinoe. Iaeiaei, ii i?eienuaaao
oiio?aaeaiea ia?eioeeia cia/eoaeueiiio /eneo naieo naa?noieeia: ”aaoeo
eo?eo eaaeaeue aoi?ie a o/eeeua”, ”ii/oe ana ithoatho”.

5. Iniaaiiinoe iiaaaeaiey ia ?aciuo yoaiao ia?eioecaoeee.

Oiio?aaeaiea ineoiaeoeaiuo aauanoa iau/ii i?ienoiaeeo a
a?oiia, iii oanii naycaii n a?oiiiauie noaiaea?oaie iiaaaeaiey.
Iiae?inoee niae?athony ia oieueei aeey niaianoiie ia?eioecaoeee, i?eai
ia?eioeeia, eae i?aaeei, naycai n aeaeaieai iaeeaeoue iauaiea,
aeiaeoueny aieaa y?eeo aia/aoeaiee io i?ineooeaaiey iocuee.

Eae i?aaeei, a a?oiia eiaaony eeaea?, eioi?ue auneacuaaao
i?aaeeiaeaiea aeinoaoue eee oiio?aaeoue eiathuaany ineoiaeoeaiia
aauanoai. Iau/ii ieeaeeo aic?aaeaiee o/anoieee a?oiiu ia auneacuaatho.
I?e aeaeueiaeoai i?eaia ia?eioe/aneeo aauanoa i?iyaeyaony
“iaoioa?aeoa?aieiae/aneee naeaea”. Ia?ooaiea iiaaaeaiey iiae?inoea
oaeoaeyaony e o?ainoi?ie?oaony. *aua anaai ie?oaeathuea ia?auatho
aieiaiea ia eo iaiau/ioth ?acae?aaeeoaeueiinoue, aniueue/eainoue,
eaeeainoue. Iiae?inoee niaa?oaiii ia iaaniieiaiu oai, eae
i?aaaeiiiaeiaiaa iauynieoue naia ionoonoaea aeiia eee a oeiea. Aoaeo/e
?aciaea/aiu, ia niouathony, ooo aea auaeaeaatho ae?oaoth aa?neth, noieue
aea iaaaeaeaaoioth. Aic?anoatho iaoa?eaeueiua iio?aaiinoe iiae?inoea,
iie ianoaeaatho ia i?eia?aoaiee aei?iaeo aauae, auaea/a ei ii?aaeaeaiiie
noiiu “ea?iaiiuo aeaiaa”. Aiaoia yoe oi?iu iiaaaeaiey iiaeao iaiiieiaoue
iau/iua i?iyaeaiey ?aaeoeee yiaineiaoeee. Ianoi?aaeeaaao oi, /oi
eoieaiiua aaue eeai auaeaiiua aeaiueae aanneaaeii en/acatho. I?e yoii
iiae?inoie ia iaia?oaeeaaao i?eciaeia iai?/aiey a nayce n iioa?ae aauae.

Ia?yaeo n yieeeioieaeiuie /a?oaie, a iiaaaeaiee i?iyaeyaony
e aeaiiino?aoeaiinoue. Au?aceoaeueiay aeanoeeoeyoeey, o?aae/aneea
eioiiaoeee a aieina, i?aa?auaiea ethaiai iaeeiai eiioeeeoa a “i?iaeaio
aeecie” ianoi?aaeeaatho ?iaeeoaeae, E aac oiai ieceay oniaaaaiinoue a
oeiea noaiiaeony niaa?oaiii iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie. Aianoa n oai
iiaaaeaiea a oeiea ia aucuaaao iniauo iiaeic?aiee o/eoaey: iiae?inoee
neaeyo oeoi, o?ieia ia n?uaatho, ii eceaaaaiiai iaoa?eaea ia onaaeaatho.
Iaaieiaoaeueiinoue, eiiaaea iaiau/iay niieeainoue ia o?ieao iiaiaeii
aeey ia?auaiey e ia?eieiao. Iau/ii i?enoonoaea iiaeiaiuo iiae?inoeia ia
o?iea i?inoi eaii?e?oaony o/eoaeai. *anou i?iionee o?ieia aac
oaaaeeoaeueiie i?e/eiu.

Nouanoaaiii, /oi oeacaiiua iaoioa?aeoa?aieiae/aneea
?anno?ienoaa iinyo ia?oeeaeueiue oa?aeoa?: iie i?iyaeythony a iniiaiii
ii ioiioaieth e ?iaeeoaeyi, a iaiueoae noaiaie – e oeiea. A i?eau/iii
ie?oaeaiee iiae?inoee aaaeoo naay anoanoaaiii, eo yiioeeiiaeueiua
?aaeoeee aieaa naea?aeaiiu. Ae?aee iaaeaeo iiae?inoeaie, oiio?aaeythueie
ineoiaeoeaiua aauanoaa, iaaethaeathony ?aaea, /ai a iau/iuo a?oiiao.

I?e 1-ie noaaeee ia?eiiaiee iiyaeyaony nianoaaiii
ineoieiae/aneay caaeneiinoue. Iunee i i?eaia ia?eioeea i?eia?aoatho
iaayc/eaue oa?aeoa?. Ia?eioee noaiiaeony “eaea?noaii” nieiathuei
yiioeeiiaeueiia iai?yaeaiea a eiioeeeoiuo neooaoeeyo – o?ainoi?ie?othony
oa?aeoa?aieiae/aneea e iaoioa?aeoa?aieiae/aneea /a?ou. Iniiaiia
iai?aaeaiea yoie o?ainoi?iaoeee io noaie/aneiai oeia e anoaie/aneiio e
aiaoe/aneiio. I?ienoiaeeo ia?anoaiea nioeeaeueiie aeacaaeaioaoeee.
Iiae?inoie oo?a/eaaao i?aaeiea iieiaeeoaeueiua i?eaioaoeee, o iaai
nieiaaony /oanoai ioaaonoaaiiinoe, aeieaa, niiniaiinoue e
niia?aaeeaaieth.

I?e 2-ie noaaeee ia?eiiaiee iiyaeythony iuouaiey,
aucuaaaiua i?eaiii ia?eioeea, i?eooieythony, oa?yao i?aaeithth y?einoue.
Iauaiea a a?oiia i?aeoe/anee ionoonoaoao, aaeeinoaaiiay oeaeue iauaiey
iaaeaeo iiae?inoeaie – oiio?aaeaiea ia?eioeea. Acaeiiue iaiai,
“i?aaeaoaeuenoai”, iieiay iioa?y acaeiiuo iaycaoaeuenoa /eaiia a?oiiu –
iau/iia yaeaiea. Anioeeaeueiinoue iiae?inoeia aeioiaeeo aei e?eoe/aneie
/a?ou. Oo?aoa yoe/aneeo i?eioeeiia, yiioeeiiaeueiuo i?eaycaiiinoae
ni/aoaaony n iaiaoiaeeiinoueth aeinoaoue cia/eoaeueiua iaoa?eaeueiua
n?aaenoaa aeey i?eia?aoaiey ia?eioeea. Iiaeoeanouaaaiua “ae/ii
aanoeiaioeee”, eeoaiiua eaeeo-oi ii?aaeaeaiiuo ieaiia ia aoaeouaa,
iceiaeaiiua, iiae?inoee ?aoathony ia oieueei ia e?aaee aauae ec aeiia
eee o ae?ocae, ii niaa?oatho na?ueaciua oaieiaiua i?anooieaiey. Oeaeue
yoeo i?anooieaiee – aeiauoue ia?eioee eee aai caianoeoaeue. Nioeeaeueiay
iianiinoue 2-ie noaaeee ia?eiiaiee ninoieo a oii, /oi
iiae?inoie-ia?eiiai aeoeaii a?oiie?oao aie?oa naay ieaaeoeo iiae?inoeia,
aiaeaeay eo a oiio?aaeaiea ineoiaeoeaiuo aauanoa, iiioaeaeay e
niaa?oaieth i?aaiia?ooaiee: “oaaa ie/aai ia aoaeao, oaaa aua iao 14
eao”. I?e anoanoaaiiii ?aniaaea a?oiiu ia?eiiaiia eaaeaeue aa /eai
noaiiaeony oeaio?ii iiaie a?oiiu.

Iaiauay, iiaeii neacaoue, /oi aeey ia?eioe/aneiai
iiueyiaiey oa?aeoa?ia iaoi?aaeyaiinoue ineoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe. A
yiioeeiiaeueiie noa?a – ianiiniaiinoue e aeenneioeyoeee aeaaea a
neooaoeee yenia?oecu, iaaiciiaeiinoue iiaeaaeoue no?ao, ae?oaea
io?eoeaoaeueiua /oanoaiaaiey.

A noa?a aini?eyoey (eeethcee, aaeethoeeiaoeee) anaaaea n
eaeiai-oi iiiaioa iiueyiyaoee ia a ninoiyiee eciaieoue aieaaui oneeeai
eo niaea?aea-iea. A iuoeaiee naiaiaeiia, niiioaiiia oa/aiea iuneae,
annioeeaoeee i?a?uaaaony ia?naaa?aoeeae, aicieeatho iunee, io eioi?uo
iaaiciiaeii inaiaiaeeoueny.

6. AEaiueiu e ia?eioeee.

Iaiaoiaeeii cao?iiooue i?iaeaio aeaiuei-ia?eiiaiie, oae eae
aeaiueia iaioaeaeeia io aa ?aaaiea, anee ii o iaa anoue nae/an eee
?iaeeony a aoaeouai.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy i?ienoiaeeo oaieiecaoeey ia?eiiaiee. Aei
14% ai?iaeaiie ?innee i?iaiaaee ia?eioee, i?e/ai iiiaeo i?eioaeeoaeueii
aiaeaeee a oiio?aaeaiea ia?eioeeia. A ea/aaiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo io iauaai
/enea ia?eiiaiia 13% ninoaaeytho aeaiueiu. A ioee/ea io ioae/ei, o ieo
i/aiue auno?i i?ienoiaeeo i?eaueaiea e ia?eioeeai, /oi i?eaiaeeo e
aeaa?aaeaoeee aeaiueiu. Iia noaiiaeony aa?anneaiie, aac?acee/iie e
aeaoyi, niaa?oaao i?anooieaiey.

I?eiauaiea aeaaooae e ia?eioeeai niinianoaoao oece/aneay e
ineoe/aneay iac?aeinoue (eioaioeeeci) e ?acee/iua ineoiiaoe/aneea /a?ou
oa?aeoa?a. Aoaeouea ia?eiiaiee, ia eiatho nianoaaiiiai iiaiey, eo
eioa?anu e i?eaycaiiinoe iaiinoiyiiu. Iie aiooaaiu e eaaei iiaeaeathony
io?eoeaoaeueiiio aeeyieth. I?eieoeaiua nethieiooiua eioa?anu
i?aiaeaaeatho iaae aeooiaiuie.

O aeaiuei iieeiay ia?eiiaiey aicieeaao iinea
o?aoueaai-iyoiai oeieia, yoaae?eiiaay aeaaea iinea aoi?iai-o?aoueaai.
I?e ia?a?uaao a i?eaia ia?eioeeia aicieeatho oece/aneea e ineoe/aneea
ia?ooaiey, oyainoiua e io/eoaeueiua aeey aieueiuo ninoiyiey, a a
iaeioi?uo neo/ayo – iianiua aeey aeecie. ?aaee iinoiyiiiai
auioaeaeaiiiai i?eaia ia?eioeeia aeaiueiu eaeoo ia aii?aeueiua iinooiee
e i?anooieaiey. Iineaaenoaeyie ia?eiiaiee yaeythony enoiuaiea ia?aiie
nenoaiu, eioaeeaeooaeueiia au?iaeaeaiea, neaaioiea, ineoicu,
noaei?iaeiua i?eiaaeee, i?aanoaaiiay e nioeeaeueiay aeaa?aaeaoeey.

Oae, 35-eaoiyy I., iiiaiaeaoiay iaoue, i?eiaueeanue e
i?eaio ia?eioeeia a eaa?oe?a-i?eoiia, aaea niae?aeenue ia?eiiaiu iaiaai
iiea. A oa/aiea aiaea o I. ?aceoaeueii eciaieeny iauee aee, ianooieei
ineoe/aneia e oece/aneia enoiuaiea, iia neeueii iiooaeaea. Iaeiia?aiaiii
o I. en/acea caaioa i aeaoyo, eo niaea?aeaiee. Aaeeinoaaiiie oeaeueth aa
nouanoaiaaiey noaei no?aieaiea aeiauoue aeaiaa ia iiaoth aeico, aeey
/aai I. noaea i?iaeaaaoue aaue ec eaa?oe?u, aaea i?iaeeaaea naiuey.

AEaiueiu-ia?eiiaiee caauaatho naieo aeaoae. Anee ?aaaiie
inoaaony aeeoue n iaoa?ueth-ia?eiiaieie, oi iinoaiaiii ia?aieiaao aa
iiaaaeaiea, noaiiaynue a iiae?inoeiaii aic?anoa ia?eiiaiii.

*anoi aei/a?e ia?eiiaiie iiaeaa?aathony naenoaeueiiio
ianeeeth ni noi?iiu “ae?ocae” iaoa?e.

AEaiueiu-ia?eiiaiee auaeyaeyo noa?oa naieo eao. Eiaea o ieo
noaiiaeony ae?yaeie, ioa/iie. Aicieeatho aieacie ia/aie, na?aeoea,
aeaeoaei/ii-eeoa/iiai o?aeoa. A oie?atho iie, eae i?aaeei, /a?ac 7-12
eao iinea ia/aea i?eaia ia?eioeeia. Eiiaaea nia?oue ianooiaao io
neo/aeiie ia?aaeice?iaee ia?eioe/aneiai aauanoaa, io ian/anoiiai neo/ay,
io iiueyiaiey, io naiioaeenoa, a ?acoeueoaoa naaaeaiey n/aoia a
i?anooiiie a?oiia, io aieaciae, n eioi?uie ineaaaaoee i?aaieci ia a
ninoiyiee ni?aaeoueny, eeai io iauaai enoiuaiey.

7. NIENIE EEOA?AOO?U:

1. Aieiaiea: iianiinoue! (Aeaoe e ia?eioeee) / Iao/.?aae. A.A.No?aaeae.

. Aeaoa?eiao?a, “Aeeaiaio”, 1996.

2. Aeoaineee A.N.,Oa?niineee A.A. e ae?. “Ia?eiiaiey o iiae?inoeia” –
Eeaa, . . “Caei?iauea”, 1989.

3. Iyoieoeeay E.I. “Eeeie/aneay ia?eiiaiey” – Eaieia?aae,”Iaaeeoeeia”,
1975.

4. Iyoieoeeay E.I. “Ia?eiiaiee” – Iineaa,”Iaaeeoeeia”, 1994.

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