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Любовь. Происхождение брака

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Ethaiaue.I?ienoiaeaeaiea a?aea.

Ethaiaue-/oanoai, niioaaonoaothuaa ioiioaieyi iauiinoe e aeecinoe
iaaeaeo ethaeueie, iniiaaiiui ia eo acaeiiie caeioa?aniaaiiinoe e
neeiiiinoe.

Ethaiaue naiia iaiauynieiia /oanoai /aeiaaea, eioi?iio iinayuaii
iiiaeanoai oiiia iiycee e i?icu, ii oae aei eiioea e ia iiiyoia. Eoi-oi
ec oeeinioia iaeiaaeaeu iaiieaeeny, /oi iiuo ethaae – naiue iio?ynathuee
iiuo /aeiaaea. *oi au ie aiai?eee e ie ienaee i ia?aaeienao ethaae, a
yoii iio?ynathuai iiuoa nouanoaoao ia/oi anee ia iaoaiaoe/anee oi/iia,
oi i?aanoaaiii iai?aeiaeiia aannii?iia; ianiio?y ie ia /oi nouanoaotho
noianoaaeoea caeiiiia?iinoe, aa?iiiey no?aiiinoae. Eia/a yoi e ia auei
au iiuoii, oi anoue ie?ii ioaiaaaiiui o oaina. Ethaiaue iuoathony
iiiyoue, nenoaiaoece?iaaoue, caaiaoue a ?aiee ioaaoeoue ia aa/iue aii?in
– ii/aio ethaee ethayo. Ii yoi iaaiciiaeii e /oiau iiiyoue iai?eia?
ethaiaue Iao?a?ee e Eao?a – « cao?yaeiie aeaia » eiaaoae 11 aeaoae ! –
iaaei oaeoaeoueny ia a a?oeau, a iio?ynathuee iiuo /aeiaaea.

I oii eoi ethaeo aiai?yo eiiaaea, /oi iiaia ninoiyiea aeooe aeaeaao
aeey iaai ie?oaeathuee ie? ia?aaeueiui. Iia eaaeaony oi/iaa auei au
ooaa?aeaeaoue,/oi yoio /aeiaae aeaeeo a ie?oaeathuai ie?a iiaua
?aaeueiinoe.

A yoie ?aaioa y iiiuoathnue ii?aciuoeyoue i ethaae,eniieuecoy aeey
yoiai o?oaeu ecaanoiuo oeeinioia.

Iiycey – io eaaaiaea?iie Naoi aei iaoaai Ieeieay Caaieioeeiai –
iiaeoaa?aeaeaao: enoeiiie ethaae aieaa,/ai oi/iui iaoeai aeaii ioe?uoue
yoo iiaoth ?aaeueiinoue – ?iaenoai iaaeaeo iaoei nouanoaii e caacaeaie
ai?yueie ia iaaa.Ii aethaeyynue a iieiaeinoue e e?anioo eae aea auoue
aeaeueoa,eiaaea noa?aao ethaeiue /aeiaae,naaeatho aieinu,ii?ueiaie
iie?uaaaony eeoei,oyaeaeaao iioiaeea. E iiyoue y ia?auonue e eaeaaeueiie
ethaae Eao?u e Iao?a?ee.Iaoaeaee ia caia/ae ii,/oi iia iinoa?aea e
oayea! Caia/ae e eniuouaae e iae iaaeiinoue e aieue,ia n?aaieiua ie n
iaeiei ec /oanoa ia oieueei a noa?ie ?uoea?neie ethaiaiie ee?eea,ii e a
aai nianoaaiiuo niiaoao.Yoa iaaeiinoue e aieue auoa aanniiiuo
ii/ae,eiaaea ii oaioae aa eiy. Eiaaea iia oia?ea ae auei ca 40.Iao?a?ea
aeaeae aa iacaaeieai aei «/a?iie /oiu» e ii ethaee aa,eae ieeiaaea
?aiueoa- iinoa?aaooth.Ii ethaee aa ia ?annoiyiee,ii aa eaeaaeece?iaae.

A ethaae iaecaaaeia eaeaaeecaoeey! Yoi ooaa?aeaeaiea noaei iauei
i?aaeeii.Ii a ioee/ee io iiiaeo iaueo i?aaee,eioi?ua nouanoaotho
ianneaii,aia iaoaai niciaiey, oaaaeaeaiea /oi «a ethaae iaecaaaeia
eaeaaeecaoeey» nouanoaoao ia aia iaoaai niciaiey e ia ianneaii.
Aea,ethayuee aeaeeo a ethaeiii oi,/aai ia aeaeyo ie?oaeathuea eo,«ia
ineaieaiiua ethaiaueth», ethaee. Iie aeaeyo oaieue, ii – aeiac; iie
-«ie/aai iniaaiiiai»,ii /oaei ec /oaean.Ii ia caia/aao e?iie/aneeo
oeuaie eneooaiiuo aeeciueth ioae?aoeia,iiieiathueo /ai eii/eony yoio
«yiioeeiiaeueiue oie» ethaae. Ei oi ioae?aoeai ioee/ii ecaanoii,/oi ?aii
eee iicaeii /oaei ec /oaean noaiao iiyoue cao?yaeiui nouanoaii e oio eoi
naaiaeiy ?ano?iaaiii eiaeo iaeaeoaa eciaiaiea a au?aaeaiee aa aoa oiaea
e?iie/anee oeuaiaony – iaae niaie.

E aio ianooiaao aeaiue.Iie?ia nioeaiiue ec nieia/iuo eo/ae
iaaeaao,/oaei ec /oaean iiaea?aeaaaony na?ui iaieii,aeiac noaiiaeony
oaeai. «A ethaae iaecaaaeia eaeaaeecaoeey»- yoi iauyniyao,
oniieaeaaao,yoi ineaaeyao aieue oo?aou.Anee eaeaaeecaoeey,oi nianoaaiii
/oi aea oo?a/aii: ia/oa ie?aae? Eaeaaeecaoeey a ethaae- nii iayao.Noieo
ee iieaeeaaoue niu?

Nouanoaoao o?aaeeoeey ?anniao?eaaoue ethaiaue, eae ia/oi
ioiinyuaany aaconeiaii e iaeanoe noeoeeiiai e aanniciaoaeueiiai,/ai
oi?aaeyoue eiuoinoaaiii aea e iaaiciiaeii.Iia naia ii naaa
?iaeaeaaony,iia naia ii naaa ooiaeeo.Aunoei au?aaeaieai iaoina
e??aoeeiiaeueiie iiue ethaae – a eeoa?aoo?a e eneonnoaa – auea
Ea?iai.Ii e a iauaeaiiie aeecie yoio iaoin oi?aeanoaoao: iaiaa aaee/aai
ii ia iaiaa oii?ii.

Aaeeinoaaiiie ia iiae iaiyoe iiiuoeie iai?aaeoue yoe aieiothueany
iaoi?aaeyaiua aiaeu a «oi/iia eaiaiiia ?onei» aue o?aeoao «I ethaae»
Noaiaeaey, ii iaaea?ii ii i?e aeecie ienaoaey ?acioaeny eeoue a
ianeieueeeo yecaiiey?ao aea e naaiaeiy ia noae iaoei ianoieueiui oiiii.

Iu n/eoaai,/oi ia?aay ethaiaue yoi oaeae aeaoae.Ii /oi aeaeaoue
anee ia?aay ethaiaue i?eoea,eiaaea aio auei 43 a ae 40.Ii- Aeaie
Aeeae?i,iia- Nioe Aieai.I iae iai ii/oe ie/aai iaecaanoii,ia
nio?aieeinue e aa ii?o?aoa.Aa ii?o?ao oe?aoae iai?ioioth noi?iio
oeooeueiiai eenoa ethaeiiai ei oiieea Ai?aoeei.Ii eae ecaanoii any
aeaeeioaea Aeeae?i auea eoieaia Aeaoa?eiie 2 e iiyoiio yoio oiiee
caoa?yeny oaia?ue a iaae?ao eieaio?aieeeua.A anee au aa ii?o?ao
iaoaeny,oi iinea ia?aiai /oanoaa ino?iai ethaiiuonoaa,ia eniuoaee au iu
eaaeia oaeeaeaiea: yoi iia?Iu eniuoaee au yoi oaeeaeaiea ia iioiio /oi
aicethaeaiiay Aeeae?i auea iae?aneaa eee iai/a?iaaoaeueia,a iioiio /oi a
18 aaea ai O?aioeee ooaa?aeeeny oei aeaineie e?aniou,i/a?iaaiea
eioi?iai, caeeth/aeinue a ea?a eciai/eainoe, iiaeaeaeiinoe eeoea,
io?aaeathuaai aeeciue aeooe.Yoa e?anioa – ii/oe aanoaeaniay,n
iai?aaeeueiuie /a?oaie eeoea – iieacaeanue au iaaa?iia iana?ueaciie a
oyaeaeiaaoi-iiiiaciii 17 aaea e iaaeoaieie a na?aaeeia 19 aaea.A 18 aea
iia ooieyea iio?aaiinoue /aeiaa/aneie aeooe a iiaie ene?aiiinoe e iiaie
anoanoaaiiinoe.Yoeo iae?aneai – e?aneauo aeaiuei ethaeee n aanaeie
naiiioaa?aeaiiinoueth e o?acaui aacoieai n ?uoea?neie aa?iinoueth e
ouny/aie noiana?iaenoa.

Ii aa?iainy e iioa?yiiiio ii?o?aoo Nioe Aieai.AEaeaiea oaeaeaoue
oioy au iuneaiii eeoei aeaiueiu,eioi?oth ethaee Aeeae?i iu
iiaeai,oau,ooieeoue eeoue iaueie ?annoaeaeaieyie i oeia aeaineie e?aniou
a 18 aaea.*oiau eo/oa iiiyoue yoio oei – n iai?aaeeueiuie,
iiaeaeaeiuie,iaeeeie /a?oaie eeoea,/anoi ec?uoiai iniie, eae o
aicethaeaiiie Ae*Aeaiaa?a THeee Eanieian – aiia?acei aeey eiio?anoa
Aaia?o Ieeinneoth:aaaeue aieaa aeaeaeiai io aioe/iiai eaeaaea oeia
aeaineie e?aniou, /ai a 18 aaea ie? ia aeaeae.E yoi aue aae eiaaea
ethaeee eae ieeiaaea!

A ia?acao aioe/iie e?aniou aeeaoo aaeeeea iunee,a ia aaeeeea
/oanoaa! Yoi aieueoa eaeay aeaiueiu,a ia iia naia. Oaenie?,iaienaaoee a
niiaoa i ethaeiie: «Ou ia iaeaeaoue a iae niaa?oaiiuo eeiee…»
aanoeo?inoii iauyniee oaeio ethaae: iia ethaeo ia oi,/oi niaa?oaiii,iia
naia aeaeaao niaa?oaiiui,oi /oi ethaeo. Iia ioe?uaaao /aeiaaea,eae /oaei
e aeaeaao yoi /oaei ?aaeueiinoueth.Iia aaee/aeoee ec
aeoeieeia,aeaeathueo /enoia cieioi ec naiuo iaae?aaioeaiiuo iaoa?eaeia.

Oeiu e?aniou iaiyeenue ec aaea a aae,iioiio,/oi aic?anoaea
oneiaeiyeanue oinea /aeiaa/aneiai na?aeoea ii iiieiaieth e iaaeiinoe e
oi /oi ooieyei aa a 15 aaea ia iiaei ooieeoue a 18.A oi /oi ooieyei a 18
auei a 19 ia ioaeii.

Anee au ?eieyia yiioe iiyoa Eaooeea iiaee oaeaeaoue aeaiuei
Iiaeeeueyie,oi aa?iyoii ni/ee au eo o?iaeeeauie,iaiiaeiaea /oaeeo
aiaeiue. Iai eaaeoony iae?aneauie,ecaayiiua n iaei/iie oi/iinoueth
?eieyiee oiai a?aiaie – iu ia /oanoaoai a ieo aeooo.A Eaooee iaeio ec
ieo aacoiii ethaee e iinayoee ae aannia?oiua noeoe i ethaae. E anee e
iieioio Iiaeeeueyie,?eieyiei yiioe Eaooeea iiaeioae n aai noeoaie
aeaiueia ia iieioia iieacaeanue au aio iae?aneaie.

Oeiu e?aniou iaiyeenue auno?aa /ai /aeiaa/aneia na?aeoea,iiyoiio
aiciiaeia aaeeeay iauiinoue ethaeae eneonnoaa a ethaae e enoi?ee.

Ii ethaee 18 aaea ioianeenue e yoie iicaeiae ethaae iaceaeaoaeueii
e no?iai, ?aceo/ea ethayuea na?aeoea,oioy aae yoio aue aiana ia oae
i?aanoaaiiai,eae oioae eacaoueny aeinoaoi/ii aniiiieoue,/oi oai?eeinue
i?e aeai?ao iiia?oia oiai a?aiaie.

E eiioeo aeecie iie niaaeeieeenue e aeeee aianoa e aeaaea a 65
noa?ie aeaiueia ii aeaeae naith aicethaeaiioth e?aneaoth e iieiaeoth.Ii
aeieacae /oi aeey enoeiiie ethaae aic?ano ia iiiaoa,a eeoue e?aiinoue
/oanoa.

A 1818 aiaeo a aeeciue Noaiaeaey aioea aaeeeay ethaiaue e
Iaoeeueaea Aeaiaianeie.

A 1817 aiaeo auoea aai eieaa «?ei Iaaiieue e Oei?aioeey».Ii ia
ethaee eiaaea ienae yoo eieao,ii aai aeooa oaea auea ioe?uoa aeey
aaeeeiai /oanoaa. E ieaea iieaeao ?a/ue ia i ethaae,a i oii aeiethaiaiii
ninoiyiee /aeiaa/aneiai na?aeoea aac, eioi?iai iiaeeeiiay ethaiaue
iaiuneeia.Iniao?eaay aeinoii?eia/aoaeueiinoe Ieeaia,ii ioia/ae,/oi
«ia?aaeeaae caia/aoaeueiua iaiiaaiey» iniaaiii,eiaaea iniao?eaae
Ieeaineee niai?. Eeoue /aeiaae niiniaiue ia?aaeeaaoue iiaeiaiua
iaiiaaiey iiaeao eniuoaoue e aaeeeoth ethaiaue. *oi- oi aio eiia/ii e
ia i?aaeeinue e ii ene?aiia aiai?ee ia yoii eoaeueyioeai,ii ia oiae
auoue ia ene?aiiei. Iicaeiaa ia?aue ?ac a aeecie enoeiii iiethaea,ii
ioe?ue, /oi e a ethaae iaeaeoay iaene?aiiinoue ca naay inoeo.

Eieaa «?ei Iaaiieue e Oei?aioeey» caia/aoaeueia oai,/oi iienuaaao
aeooaaiua ninoiyiey iaeeiaeiai anoanoaaiii ?iaeaeathueany a /aeiaaea e
iiae aeeyieai aieueoiai eneonnoaa e iiae aeeyieai aieueoie ethaae. A
Ieeaia ii aaaeao aeeciue aacaeaeueieea – oiaeeo ii ai?iaeo caaeyaeuaaao
a ianoa?neea ooaeiaeieeia…Caeaey eae – oi a ianoa?neoth iaeiiai
ecaanoiiai ooaeiaeieea – ii?o?aoenoa,caia/aoeaaoaai eeee e?aneaaeoeo
aeaiuei Ieeaia ii ainoeoeeny a?oenoe/anee – ai?aeui eiiaa?aeneei oeiii
e?aniou. A aoaeouai yoio oei eiiaa?aeneie e?aniou,iniaaiii
caia/aoaeueiue iaaeiui e iaeaioiee/aneei au?aaeaieai eeoea,iaea?ee aai
ia iaeiie eeoue ?aaeinoueth,ii e no?aaeaieai iioiio,/oi Iaoeeueaea
Aeaiaianeay ia ethaeea aai e aai ia?acaeaeaiiay ethaiaue e iae auea
neeueiaeoei n/anoueai – ian/anoueai aai aeecie. Noaiaeaeue enneaaeoao
aeooo niiniaioth ia aaeeeoth no?anoue – nianoaaiioth aeooo,ii iieacuaaao
aa iai a ninoiyiee aei – ethaae,ii iai ecaanoii eaeie iia auea a
ninoiyiee ethaae- no?anoe. Noaiaeaeth oi/aony ethaae,oi/aony aeaenoaee a
ethaae. Ii oi/aony n?aaeaoueny ia aeoyeyo ca naith aicethaeaiioth,oi/ao
ionoaeaaoue i?aai naiae aaeeinoaaiiie iacuaaoueny ei?ieaaie e?aniou.
Iieiaeie 20 eao ii ieoao nano?a Iieeia ec Ia?eaea:

« AEaeee e aeinoieiu nino?aaeaiey oieiaeiua na?aeoea,ioe?uoua
oieueei aeey iaoee! *oi iia iieuecu ciaoue,/oi caiey a?auaaony
aie?oa,nieioea anee eco/aiea yoeo aauae canoaaeyao iaiy oa?youe aeie
aea?iaaiiua aeey ianeaaeaeaiey! Iaiaei ethaeae iaea?aeeii yoei
aacoieai,ii iu ia iineaaeoai eo i?eia?o !.»Ii oioae ethaeoue e iiyoiio
na?aeoea aai aeaaeii ioe?ueinue aeey ethaae, ionoue aeaaea e
ia?acaeaeaiiie. Ii acaeee ca iae ii Eoaeee e O?aioeee, noa?aynue ie ia
ieiooo ia iieeaeaoue aa, neaaeoy ca iae, eae aa?iay niaaea.

Ii anaaaea ee /aeiaae aeaeao ethaae eae aunoae aeaaiaeaoe, anaaaea
ee aai na?aeoea ioe?uoi aeey ethaae, anaaaea ee /aeiaae aa?eo a iaa. Aio
auaea?aeea ec iaeiiai ienueia:

« Ethaiaue yoi ii/oe anaaaea iiaouanoaaiiay eeethcey, aieoaaiia
ca?eaei ! N/anoeea oio, eoi oiaao iiae/eiyoue e iai?aaeyoue /oanoaa
ethaae, eoi ieeiaaea ia iiei?yaony aa aiooaieyi… A aieueoeinoaa
neo/aaa ethaiaue – enoi/iee ian/anouey.»

Aaoi? yoiai ienueia Ia?e ?ieai – a thiinoe ethaiaue ioaa?aaaoay,
eae /oanoai iaaeinoieiia ainiiaenoaothuaai ianoa a aeecie /aeiaaea. Yoi
ioiioaiea e ethaae auei no?aiii a ethaaaiaeeueiii aaeaioiii 18 aaea.
Yoi ienueii iaienaea aeaiueia, /uey aeooa iioii eniuoaea neeueiaeooth
no?anoue, /ae iiuo ethaae aioae a iaua/aeiaa/aneoth nie?iaeuieoeo
/oanoa.

Aaeaioiue aae – aae ethaiaiuo ienai, ianea?aaeia, eio?ea,
/oanoaeoaeueiinoe noae onoaaaoue io ea?u a ethaiaue; noieaoea iiaeiaii
/aeiaaeo, ooiieaiiiio ?acaea/aieyie, ia/eiaei ia/oaoue i aaeeeii
na?ueaciii. Ooiieaiiinoue io ea?u a ethaiaue ?anoai?yeanue a aicaeooa,
/anoi ii?iaeaeaea o iiaiai iieieaiey iai?eyoea ethaae. E?iia oiai, Ia?e
auea aaeeinoaaiiie aei/a?ueth aiaaoiai eiiia?naioa e aai aaeeinoaaiiie
ianeaaeieoeae,iiyoiio ?oee aa eneaee n ?aiiaai aeaonoaa ethaee,
iaeeiaeiai aac?acee/iua ae. Aie?oa no?aiiiai na?aeoea Ia?e, iuneyuae e
caaaaei/ii – oieiaeiie aeaaooee iinoaiaiii niae?athony iieiaeua e ia
nianai iieiaeua ethaee, iiiaea ec ieo ii – ianoiyuaio oaeaeaao e?anioa e
oinoaaiii – i?aanoaaiiia aiaaonoai iieiaeie aeaaooee. Yoi aue iaeoi
Eaaeaioa?e, /uea eiy auei au aeaaii caauoi, anee au ei ia oaeaeeanue
yoa caia/aoaeueiay aeaiueia. Nia/aea yoi auei ainoi?aeaiii –
naioeiaioaeueiia iano?iaiea, niaieaoeany iioii iiaeeeiiie o?acaie
ethaiaueth.

« No?anoii – aeooaaiia aieiaiea iia oeaaeinue iacaiaoii ethaiaue ia
inoaaeea iaiy, oieueei /oanoai yoi oae n?ineinue n iiae aeooie, /oi
aieioao iaiy oae aea iaei, eae /oanoai ethaae e ?iaeeoaeyi.» Ia?e
i?ioeaeony ethaae anai na?aeoeai, iuoaaony niaeaaeaoue n iae, iia
ia/eiaao noaeeoue naia na?aeoea aua aieaa ?aoeoaeueii. Iia ia/eiaao
aeaeaoue Eaaeaioa?e, ii oaea ie/aai ia iiaeao n niaie iiaeaeaoue e
aianoa n oai niayoueny iaae iei. *oanoai thii?a, ?acaeoia a iae
neeueiae,/ai ethaiaue oaeei yoo oaea/aiiinoue. A oio ia?eiae aa aeecie
ethaiaue e ioae?inoe ianoieueei neeueiaa ethaae e oiio eee eiiio
/aeiaaeo, /oi iiiaoaoaeuenoai oa?iaeaoue eeoue ni noi?iiu oeeinioee,
eioi?ie iia ana aieueoa oaeaeaaony.

Ii Ia?e ?iaeeeanue aeaiueiie e ethaiaue ia iiaeao iaieoe aa
no?anoiia na?aeoea. Iia ciaeiieoueny n AEai – Ia?e ?ieaiii. Iia oaeaeaea
a iai ioae?aoea – oeeinioa, ii iieacaeny ae oaeeaeoaeueiui /aeiaaeii e
iia ie?anoeea aai eiaiai aioe/iiai ioae?aoea Oaeana. Iie ia/eiatho
ia?aienuaaoueny, aa?iaa iaiaieaaoueny oeeoaoaie e oeeinioneeie
oi?ioeaie. Iaeiiaoe ano?aoeaoenue a Ia?eaea, Ia?e aeaao iiiyoue aio, /oi
oi/ao ethaae ianoiyuae e aa?iie,iia o?aaoao io iaai ioaaoa. Iie aeaiyony
e niaaeeiythony a ie?a ethaae; caauou Ieooa?o, ?onni e
Iiioaiue;aioea?yaony iieie e naiaeiue otho. N naiiai ia/aei naiaeiie
aeecie Ia?e ?ieai ooiaeeo a iianaaeiaaiinoue e iauaeaiiinoue n oai
oaea/aieai, n eioi?ui ?aiueoa iia oaeoaeyeanue a oeeinioeth. Ii ai ana
yoo eaeeeeeth a?uaaaony O?aioeocneay ?aaiethoeey e a Ia?e i?inioeanue
e no?anoii caaiai?eea o/aieoea Ieooa?oa, Iiioaiy, ?onni. Ec Eeiia iia
ieoao ieaiaiiua iao?eioe/aneea ienueia ia?eaeaiai, eioi?ua ieeiaaea ia
iinauaee aa iaeaiueeee oeeinioneee naeii. Iia aiiaeooaaeyao eo ia
oi,/oiau aic?iaeeoue eaeaaeu aioe/iie ?anioaeeee. Iia iaaethaeaao ca
aunooieaieyie iieeiiieeia ?onni e Ieooa?oa e caia/aao n?aaee ieo eiy
Aaieaey, ieoao aio ?iiaioe/anee – iieeoe/aneia ienueii,e aucuaaao o
Aaieaey aeaeaiea iiciaeiieoueny ee/ii; ii aaeao a Eeii. E ia/eiaaony
iiaue ia?eiae a aeecie Ia?e – ?iiai a ienueiao. Aaieaeue ieoao ienueia
ia ee/ii Ia?e, a naiuea ?ieaiia, a eioi?ii ia ne?uaaao /oi ieaiaiii
ethaeo Ia?e. Ii ?iiaiu a ienueiao aeeaoo eeoue a ienueiao e i/aiue
auno?i en/acatho aiana, eae e i?iecioei n Ia?e e Aaieaeai. Iia iiyoue
oaeoaeyaony a iieeoeeo e naiueth aei ano?a/e n O?ainoa Eaiia?aeii Athci
– aeayoaeai ia?oee aee?iiaeenoia, aeeceeie e ?ieaiai.Yoi aue
io/eoaeueiue ia?eiae a aa aeecie, iioiio /oi ethaiaue – no?anoue e Athci
aucuaaao a iae oyaeaeoth ai?ueao iaaeaeo ethaiaueth e aeieaii ia?aae
ioaeai. Ia?e ?ieai iiiaaeaao a oth?ueio e yoi onoaoaeyao aa no?aaeaiey,
oae eae oaia?ue iia ia iiaeao aeaeaoue naith iineaaeithth
ethaiaue(naeaeaiey iieeoe/aneei i?anooiieeai auee cai?auaiu ).A naieo
ienueiao ec oth?ueiu iia ooaoaea Athci. Ociaa i aa eacie ?ieai caeieie
naay a eano, iicaeiaa a oii aea eano iieii/ee n niaie e Athci.

Aiai?y i ethaae aaeeeeo oeeinioia iaeuecy iiaeaeoe ia ?anneacaoue i
iineaaeiae naiie caia/aoaeueiie ethaae Aae?iia.Yoi auea Oa?aca
Aae//eiee, n eioi?ie ii iiciaeiieeny a Aaiaoeee ca 4 aiaea aei
iineaaeiaai iooaoanoaey ii aa?aaai Yeeaaeu. Ae auei oiaaea 16, aio ia
aieaa 30. Ethaiaue e Aae?iio auea aeey thiie Oa?acu niauoeai, eioi?ia
eciaieei ana aa nouanoai – e aeooo e ia?ac aeecie.Ia yoii iia n aeaoneie
ioe?iaaiiinoueth iaienaea aio a ia?aii aea ienueia, n ino?ie
aieaciaiiinoueth ia?aaeeaay ia?aoth ?aceoeo, eiaaea auea auioaeaeaia n
ioaeai 1819 aiaea aa?iooueny ec Aaiaoeee a ?aaaiio. Iie no?aaeatho iaa
aua oyaeaeaa ia?aaeeaay, oi /oi auioaeaeaiu ne?uaaoue naie
/oanoaa.Aae?ii aue aeey iaa ia?eioeeii aac eioi?iai iia oyaeaei caaieaea
e neaaea. Iicaaua iai anao inoi?iaeiinoyo i/eony a ?aaaiio. Aucaei?iaaa
iia oacaeaao n ioaeai a aai iiianouea iii?aaeoue caei?iauea e Aae?ii
iiyoue aaeao ca iae. Ii aaeaaeiaaii iinauaao aa,aiaeeo aoeyoue,/eoaao aa
ethaeiua eieae. Ii Oa?aca ethaeo ia oieueei Aae?iia,oaeaea no?anoii iia
ethaeo e Eoaeeth e ia niaeaoaaony aianoa n Aae?iiii oaoaoue a Yeeaaeo.
Ii oacaeaao iaeei,ii eaaeaeue aeaiue iinueaao ienueia «naiaio
iaeaiueeiio aiaaeo». ?aaee naiae ethaae Oa?aca ?acaiaeeony, eiaaea ioae
ociae iai anai e oacaeaao a Aiaeeth e ethaeiiio. Aica?aoeaoenue ana
oaee a Eoaeeth Aae?ii iianaaony e?iaiie ianoe ni noi?iiu auaoaai ioaea
Oa?acu. Ii ioae inoaaee eo ia ?anoa?caiea neeoeii «no?iaie e
i?aanoaaiiie » iauanoaaiiinoe. Eo n/anouea ia auei aeieaei,oae oae
ono?iaii /aeiaa/aneia na?aeoea,iii niiniaii eniuouaaoue ethaiaue ia
iaeei ?ac e oaea /a?ac aiae iinea eo niaaeeiaiey Aae?ii ano?a/aao naith
ia?aoth ethaiaue Iy?e Aeaoo e inoaaony n iae aei naiae nia?oe.

« Oaeia ney aaeeea anoue…»- iiaoi?yai iu ii?ie noa?eiioth
aicauoaiioth oi?ioeo i ethaae,iiaoi?yai /anoi aacaeoiii, a ia?aaeei e
e?iie/ii…

A yoi aeaenoaeoaeueii oaeia. E iia a naiii aeaea aaeeea. Yoa oaeia
yanoaaiii aeeaao a ienueiao e iaaanoai, iia ioeuene?oao a ieo,eae
aeeaay.

*eoay ienueia auaeathueony ethaeae e iaaanoai,eniuouaaaoue iniaia
aieiaiea iioiio, /oi iai ecaanoii oi, /oi auei ei iaaaaeiii,eiaaea iie
ienaee. Iai ecaanoii,/oi aoaeao iioii n iei e n iath.

Oeiioae Ieeieaaae/ A?aiianeee aei iineaaeieo aeiae aeaeae a naie
aeaia iaaanoo. Ni naiae ia?aie ethaiaueth ii iiciaeiieeny ia iaeiii ec
aaeia a Iineaa. Aeaaooea auea i/aiue aiaaoa iia aio i?aaeeanue, ii yoio
no?aiiue /aeiaae ?annoaeee: aeey oiai /oiau aeaieoueny ia aiaaoie iaaei
ethaeoue aa ai?acaei aieueoa.

Ii e iiethaee ii – ianoiyuaio /a?ac ianeieueei ianyoeaa. Eiaaea
noa?oay nano?a,ociaa i aai aeaeaiee aeaieoueny,iaienaea aio i oii,/oi
eii e iaaanoa aai aaaeiu,A?aiianeee ioaaoee: «ss ia nicaeai aeey
aiaaonoaa»

Noaa ioeoeeaeueii aeaieoii Eecu Itheueaaocai, A?aiianeee inoaaeyao
aa ia ianeieueei aeiae aeey oiai, /oiau oeaaeeoue n I?ea ieii/aoaeueii
?anno?iaiiua aai iooeii eiouanoaaiiua aeaea naiuee. A oi eaoi 1841 aiaea
ii ia niae ec – ca ethaae. Ii ieoao naiae iaaanoa,/oi ec – ca ethaae
noae ?annayi, eaiea, iaoa?iaeea. Ienueia A?aiianeiai e iaaanoa
aieueoa,/ai ienueia i ethaae: a ieo caia/aoeaia aeooiaiay aeeciue
oeaeiai iieieaiey – -iieieaiey iuneyueo ?onneeo thiioae, ia/oaaoeo i
niaa?oaiiii /aeiaaea. Oaia?ue ii aeoiae aieueoa i iae,/ai i naaa. I naaa
ii iiiuoeye eeoue,eae ia enoi/ieea aa ?aaeinoe, e yoa
nin?aaeioi/aiiinoue ia ethaeiii nouanoaa, yoio ia?aiin «oeaio?a
oyaeanoe» n naay ia iaa nua?ae eneeth/eoaeueioth ?ieue a aai aeooiaiii
ie?a. A?aiianeee a ethaae ecaaaeeny io eceeoiae ?aoeaenee,io ii?ie
aanieiaeiiai naiiaiaeeca, iioiio /oi eiaaea ethaeoue ia naay, a naia
aoi?ia «y»,oi iaei oaea aai «aiaeece?iaaoue», iaaei aeaeaoue aai
n/anoeeaui. Oaia?ue ii iiiai ?aciuoeye, ii ia i naaa, a i ethaae e iae,
i aa na?aeoea. i aa aeecie. Aio no?aoii aeoiaoue,/oi eo /oanoaa iiaoo
caoeoiooue,oia?aoue e inoaiaony eeoue iauaeaiiinoue, iauiinoue
iaoa?eaeueiuo eioa?ania.

Eae nio?aieoue ia?aiia/aeueioth neeo /oanoa ? Iieiaeie
oeeinio,ecaanoiue enoi?ee e ia?aiieiaiiue ethaiaueth aeaieo « inaaeaeai
aii?inaie» e ia iiaeao iaeoe ioaaoa. Aai thiay iiae?oaa ia iiiyea yoeo
ai?ueeeo ?acaeoiee. Aa na?aeoea ia eiaei ia/aeueiiai iiuoa
ano?a/,?annoaaaiee e ioeaaeaeaiee. Iia iaeaeaeanue e iaienaea aio ia
yoii. Ii ianiio?y ia ana yoe ?acaeoiuey ii aa?eo,/oi aio e aai iaaanoa
oaeanony nio?aieoue anth naaaeanoue e neeo /oanoa, ianiio?y ie ia
/oi…

Eiaaea iu /eoaai ienueia A?aiianeiai e iaaanoa,iai ecaanoii,/oi
ie/aai ieioiai n eo ethaiaueth ia aoaeao. Iaiai?io,iia noaiao eeoue
iaaeiaa e y?/a. 14 eao iie aoaeoo ?aaeiaaoue e ooaoaoue ae?oa
ae?oaa,iiea ii ia oi?ao oeaeoy aa ?oeo, ethay aa ia iaiueoa,/ai a oa
ethiueneea aeie 1841 aiaea.

A iaeiie ec naiuo iineaaeieo caienie e iae ii iauyniee ii/aio
oineoao: «ss ethaeth aeeciue oieueei iioiio,/oi ano?aoee oaay. A aaaeue
yoi aue neo/ae. Aac oaay y ia oioae au aeecie». Aea, iai ecaanoii,/oi eo
ethaiaue ia oi?ao,e ana aea /oanoai o?aaiae aaeeei,iioiio /oi iai oi?ioi
ecaanoii,/ai auea ieeieaaaneay ?inney…

E yoa ?inney oaeea aai. A?aiianeee oia? a aic?anoa 42 eao,enoiuea a
ai?ueaa ca /aeiaa/iinoue ana oaeaniua e aeooaaiua neeu. «Anee au ia
aeaia, oi y ioioii ooae ec aeecie»- aiai?ee ii eiiaaea. *oanoai e Eeca
iiiiaei onoaiiaeaieth ai aioo?aiiai ie?a A?aiianeiai oiai ?aaiiaaney
iaaeaeo na?aeoeai e iuneueth – i?e ana aieueoai «ooyaeaeaiee» na?aeoea –
oie aa?iiiee, eioi?ay auea aeey iaai enoi/ieeii nee.

10 ethey 1870 aiaea Aeaenae Eiinoaioeiiae/ Oienoie –
iiyo,?iiaieno, ae?aiaoo?a – ienae ec Ae?acaeaia aeaia – Niouea
Aiae?aaaia Oienoie:

« Aio y caeanue,e iia oyaeaei ia na?aeoea,eiaaea aeaeo iiyoue yoe
oeeoeu, yoo ainoeieoeo e yoo eiiiaoo aac oaay. ss ia iiao caniooue,ia
neacaa oaaa oi,/oi aiai?th oaaa oaea 20 eao,/oi y ia iiao aeeoue aac
oaay,/oi ou iia aaeeinoaaiiia nie?iaeua ia caiea, e y iea/o iaae yoei
ienueiii,eae ieaeae 20 eao oiio iacaae.»

20 eao iacaae ii oaeaeae aa ia?aue ?ac « n?aaeue ooiiiai
aaea,neo/aeii…»

Iie ?annoaaaeenue /anoi. Aai ienueia e iae – enoi?ey 2
na?aeaoe,iinoaiaiii niaaeeieaoeony ianoieueei, /oi iiaeii aiai?eoue ia
iaeiii /aeiaa/aneii nouanoaa.

Ia/aeanue yoa enoi?ey ae?aiaoe/anee.

Niouey Aiae?aaaia ai a?aiaia « ooiiiai aaea» auea caioaeai ca iaethaeiui
/aeiaaeii – eaaaea?aa?aeneei iieeiaieeii E.O. Ieeea?ii, aei caioaeanoaa
iia ia?aaeeea o?aaaaeeth – auea oaea/aia eiycai I.A. Aycaineei, e ec –
ca yoiai oaea/aiey iaeei ec a?aoueaa aa aue oaeo ia aeoyee…

Ia aue e Oienoie n/anoeea. Ii oiieeny neoaeaie i?e oea?neii aeai?a
«iniauie»,i?aanoaaiii aeey iaai oyaeaeuie ii?o/aieyie,a ia/oae i
eeoa?aoo?a, ia eneonnoaa – oioae iieiinoueth ei naay iinayoeoue e ia
iaoiaeee nee ?aci?aaoue ni neoaeaie,aeai?ii, ioiaee?ii.

Iie iaa oiaaea auee ai aeanoe iaethaeiiai e iaa ia/oaee i ethaeiii;
enoi?ey eo neiaeiuo – yoi ai?ueaa ca oi, /oiau noaoue naieie niaie a
ethaae, a eneonnoaa, a aeecie.

Iinea eo ia?aie ano?a/e ii ieoao ae ec Ia?eaea i?iieeiiaaiiua
ienueia, ?ane?uaaynue ia?aae iae, eae aeeoy ia?aae iaoa?ueth, a oi
aae?oa noaiiaynue ethayuei no?anoiui ioae/eiie, ?uoea?ai. ?aaee iaa ii
?aoaao ii?aaoue n ea?uea?ie,aeoeioiaee?ii, neoaeaie, iinayoeoue naay
eeoa?aoo?a, eneonnoao. E iinea yoiai ?aoaiey aai ethaiaue e iae
aic?anoaao, iioiio /oi ia?aoay aeooaaioth oeaiiinoue.ecaaaeyynue io
?acaeaiaiey,/aeiaae oai naiui oaeoaeyao a naaa e oaeaio ethaae, aaeeeee
oaeaio naiiioaea/e: ethaeiiio nouanoao, ethaeiiio aeaeo. A n
aic?anoaieai ethaae e iae aicauoaaony e aai ioiioaiea aiiaua e ie?o.

« Naaiaeiy,- ieoao ii 8 aaaonoa 1854 aiaea, – oaeay i?ae?aniay
ii/ue, oae iiiai caacae io?aaeaaony a aiaea, aicaeoo oaieue… Eiaaea y
aeaeo iiaeiaioth ii/ue, oioy y i?iaeieaeath oae aea neeueii ethaeoue
i?e?iaeo, iia eaaeaony, /oi anoue /oi – oi eo/oaa, /oi aeieaeii auoue
iaoae oeaeueth… *oanoai yoi i/aiue neeueii ai iia – e anaaaea auei, ii
yoi i/aiue aieueii. Aie?oa ian ianna oeaaoia, e aicaeoo aeaaiooaao, e
aeaca ianeaaeaeathony… ss /oanoaoth iaaeinoaoi/iinoue aeecie….E oioy
ia aiai?th ia yoii, ii yoi /oanoai i/aiue ene?aiia ai iia.»

Iinoa?aainy iiiyoue yoi no?aiiia ienueii.

Ethaiaue, oneeeaay iuouaiea /oaea aeecie, ie?oaeathuae ian
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, a oi aea a?aiy aucuaaao e oineo ii /aio – oi
aieueoiio, /ai yoa aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue. Iu ianeaaeaeaainy ieiooaie –
a?aiaiai, eiaaea aini?eieiaai e?anioo ie?a e, ianiio?y ia yoi «auoiaeei»
ec a?aiaie a aa/iinoue. Yoi oinea ii aaneiia/iiio, ii /aio-oi
oaeinoaaiii aaeeeiio – caaaaei/iia ea/anoai ethaae. Eniuouaaoue yoo
oineo aeaenoaeoaeueii «i/aiue aieueii».

E ana a?aiy a aai iai?anoaiii ?acaeaathuainy /oanoaa e iae iaeeaaao
iaeue/ee,aa «nui».

Ana yoi e anoue, oi /oanoai iaaeinoaoi/iinoe aeecie, i eioi?ii ii
?aiueoa ienae,e iii iaoo ethaiaue e aeecie ia ineaaeyao,a oneeeaaao aa
ianoieueei,/oi iia iaoiaeeo a ?aaeueiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe oi, /aai ia
aeaeae eiaaea – oi…

Ii ana a?aiy aniao?eaaaony a aa aeooo, a aa eeoei. Oaeia, eioi?ay
iie?uaaea aa /a?ou a aeaiue eo ano?a/e, noaea ni a?aiaiai ia iaiaa, a
aieaa yanoaaiiie oioy aeaaii ioooiae oio aae e enoeaee ianee.

Yoi – oaeia ethaeiiai eeoea, i eioi?ii iu aiai?eee, ainnoaiaaeeaay
enoi?eth iieeiiaiey Iao?a?ee ia?aae Eao?ie.

Aaeeeay nouiinoue ethaae, a oii /oiau oia?aoue,eae ioaeaeueiay
ee/iinoue e aine?aniooue iioii a iiaii /oaeaniii nouanoaa, niaaeeieaoai
iaanaaaea 2 /aeiaa/aneea ee/iinoe.

A nouiinoe, enoi?ey ethaae A.E. Oienoiai e N.A. Ieeea? – enoi?ey
yoiai oie?aiey e aine?aoaiey.

E aio iaeiiaoe iia ?acaiaeeoueny e noaiiaeoueny aai aeaiie –
eniieieeinue oi, i /ai iie ia/oaee aiaeu. E aic?inea aeaaeaea aua
aieueoae iieiiou aeecie, aua aieaa iieiiai ia?aaeeaaiey ie?a.
Aic?anoaiea yoie aeaaeaeu – oiaea no?aiiia ea/anoai ethaae. Iii, ii –
aeaeeiiio,iauynieii oai, /oi eiaaea aeaia noaiiayony iaeiie ee/iinoueth,
oi yoa iaeia ee/iinoue,anoanoaaiii oi/ao iuouaoue ia?aaeeaaoue yoio
ie? a 2 ?aca iieiaa, e iia aioiaa aeaaea caaeaeiaaoue oeeoea

Ii n/anouea eo aeeeoueny iaaeieai, a?a/e noaayo Oienoiio no?aoiue
aeey oiai a?aiaie aeeaaiic – anoia! AEeoue aio inoaaaeinue iaiueoa 4
eao. A iineaaeiai naiai ienueia e /aoa AEai/oaeieeiauo ii iaienae /oi
aaeeinoaaiiui n/anoueai a aai aeecie auei n eaaeaeie ieiooie iuouaoue
ana aieueooth iieiioo aeecie,eioi?oth iiaea?eea aio naiay ethaeiay
aeaiueia a ie?a – -aai aeaia !

« ss e nae/an ia ciath, ca/ai ieoo. Iia oae ioaeai ae?oa, eioi?iio
y iia au ?anneacuaaoue i ana iaei/ao aeecie. N eioi?ui iia au
iiaeaeeony. Nai ia ciath ii/aio y aua?ae aan. Au oaeay /oaeay. Iie neiaa
ioneaeeaatho io aoiaae. ss oaea ia iiao i?aaenoaaeoue naaa iiouaiiua
iaae iiei ienueiii aeaca, eioi?ua /eoaee au aai e ?aaeiaaeenue iiaio
nieioeo,iiei eaeiinoaai, iiei ia/oai. ss ieoo yoi ienueii oeoi – oeoi,
/oiau ?acaoaeeoue, ia neeoeii aa?y,/oi iia yoi oaeanony. Iiaeao auoue y
ieoo naiiio naaa.»

A ethaae,eae a enoi?ee aeecie e iunee ia Caiea,iinoiyiii
iiyaeyeinue ia/oi iiaia; inoaaaynue, ii nooe,niaie, oieeaeueiui aeooiaii
– oaeaniui niaiaaeaieai aeaoo ee/iinoae,iia iaiaauaeanue iiauie
ninoiyieyie /aeiaa/aneie aeooe – aeeaie, euouae, ?acaeaathueeny. E yoi,
eae a ca?eaea,io?aaeaiii a iiycee… Eiaaea o?e n iieiaeiie ouny/e eao
oiio iacaae iiyo- aaeioyiei, /uea eiy ia nio?aieeinue, aiai?ee i
ethaeiie:

« Eo/eony aa aeia?iaeaoaeue e naaoeony eiaea aa,Acaeyae oiieoaeai,
neaaeei?a/eau onoa,Aac ionoineiaey», ii ioe?uaae a iae aicauoaiii –
i?aanoaaiiia nouanoai, /uea aeooiaii – aeooaaiia niaa?oainoai iaoei
/oaeaniia oaeaniia aiieiuaiea. E yoi ?iaeaeaei a iai ia/oi aaniethoii
iiaia – Iaaeiinoue. Aicethaeaiiay ia iiaea ia ii/oanoaiaaoue iaaeiinoe e
ioaa/aea:

« Noaea y n/anoeeaaeoae ec aeaiuei, Na?aeoea iiaai ia ?aieo
ieeue». Iia ia iaaeiinoue ioaa/aea Ainoeuaieai ia?aiaiiai na?aeoea. Iia
ainoeuaeanue yniiaeaeaieai aai aeooe – e oaeoaeyeinue iiieiaiea. « A
iaeeii/anoaa e oi ia ia?aaeothnue ethaae. Na?aeoea o iaiy a eaaeo n
oaiei.»,-yoi aiai?eo iia. « ?oea iiy eaaeeo a oaiae ?oea. Ii oaeo
?aceeaaaony aeaaeainoai, eeeoao na?aeoea. Iu eaeai aie i aie…»- yoi
aiai?eo oiaea iia. « Aio aeaaeainoai – ae iiaeiiaaoueny !» – yoi aiai?eo
ia ii, a iaeii ec aea?aaueaa aa naaea. Ii iiea ia iiaeiyeny aeooie
ianoieueei, /oiau auiieaeoue yoi. Ii ia yoii ae ?anneaaeao /a?ac
ouny/aeaoey,ii aaaeue ynii, /oi aiein aea?aaa ia aieueoa, /ai
iiyoe/aneay oneiaiinoue – ea?a oaioacee ethayueo e ea?a /aeiaa/aneiai
na?aeoea,eioi?ia iiciaao naay. «Na?aeoea acua?aei,eiay eae au aa/iinoue
a caiana,Oea?eoea, ia iaaeee aaeaee io iaiy»,- yoi aiai?eo ii. Ii
iacaae aa Oea?eoeae, e oai naiui a oaeia na?aeoea oeoi – oeoi
niaeaneeny n aea?aaii aa naaea, a oaie eioi?iai ii oe?ue,aoaeoi au
onouaeynue,nianoaaiioth ?anoouoth iaaeiinoue, ii ii nouanoao – ia
ioe?uoi, ii aeinoaoi/ii aiyoii – auneacae oi, i /ai iaieoao iioii ouny/e
ianai: iiaeiiaaoueny ae – aaeeeay ?aaeinoue. E, niaa?oea yoe
ioe?uoey.auea?ae aeoao…. ca ethaiaue? – iao, ca aannia?oea.

*aeiaae o/eeny aeaeaoue /aeiaaea. Eiaiii a ethaae ioe?uaaeinue
aaeeeia «ou»,aaneiia/iay oeaiiinoue /aeiaa/aneie ee/iinoe,?aaeinoue
?anoai?aiey, ?aaeinoue ieeina?aeey e oiaeaiey naay, ?aaee oiai eiai
ethaeoue. Ethaiaue o/eea oiio, /oi ia?aei iioii naiinoiyoaeueioth neeo.
A iae ?iaeaeaeenue oeaiiinoe,aac eioi?uo ia auei au eoeueoo?u.

A na?aeoea ia onoaaaei ioe?uaaoue, iaiaauaoue /aeiaa/aneea
ioiioaiey e ie? aaniethoiie iiaeciie e niaa?oainoaiaaoue oi, /oi auei ei
ioe?uoi ?aiueoa. A iaaeiinoe iiyaeeanue ai?a/ue, yanoaaiii iuooeiay a
noeoao Iaeaeey, iiiai ethaeaoaai e ino?i no?aaeaaoaai io ethaae. Ii e
naia iaaeiinoue noaea oe?a – iia ioaaouaaea oaia?ue ia iaeii eeoue
eca?aiiia nouanoai, ii e ethaeae,ie?oaeathueo aai, aieueoie /aeiaa/aneee
caiiie ie?. « Auoue au iia /a?iie ?aauiae, iieueoeae iia! Iia au y
aaieth eiaeae oaiae ethaiaaoueny»,- aineeeoeae ca ouny/aeaoey aei iaoeo
aeiae aacaanoiue iiyo – aaeioyiei.

A Iaeaeee a ia?aii aaea aei iaoae y?u eniuouaae iaaeiinoue e
?aauia,eioi?ay eanaeanue oaea aai ethaeiie. E a yoie iaaeiinoe oaeeinue
iaauaiea /aai – oi aieueoaai, /ai ethaiaue e iaeiiio /aeiaaeo.

*eoay noa?uo iiyoia, iu neeiiiu ii?ie aeoiaoue, /oi iie ia
?anneacuaaee i aeeaii /oanoaa,a ioaeaaaee aeaiue iiyoe/aneie iiaea eee
oneiaiinoe. A aae Iaeaeey auea «iiaea» ia iaaeiinoue,a a yiioo
o?oaaaeo?ia auee iiaeiuie «eoeueo aicethaeaiiie» e «ethaiaue
ecaeaeaea». Ii, iauyniyy oi, /oi iai /oaeaei eee no?aiii, oneiaiinoueth,
iiaeie, iu ia caneoaeaiii oieaeaai naay,nianoaaiiia na?aeoea, eai,
oaeoaeaoenue a aai iaiyoue,iaeaeai ?yae aeeauo,ianouii aaaeiuo iai
iauyniaiee.

Ia eneeth/aii, /oi eiio oi a aoaeouaa aaea, iieaaeaony
oo?e?iaaiiui,no?aiiui eoeueo aeaoae e aeaonoaa a iaoa a?aiy, iniaay
iaaeiinoue e iei, e, /eoay ian, ii ni/oao yoi oneiaiinoueth eee iiaeie.
Eiia/ii, ia?aoeaoenue e enoi?ee, aoaeouee iaeiaa? oynieo, /oi /oanoai
iaoneiaee ?yae aaeeeeo niauoee, ii ii – ianoiyuaio aai ia iieiao, iiea
na?aeoea ia iuooeo io ouny/ iaeaiueeeo aaoia/eia a cae?iiao Inaaioeeia e
aieue io aaeie iieiee, iiaenioaoae iaae Oe?ineiie. E oiaaea iieaaeoony
eiuoinoaaiiuie iauyniaiey iiaeie e eeoa?aoo?iuie oneiaiinoyie.

Iaeaeee aeee a aae aiaoia oaao?aeueii – iiiiaciue, ii ii nooe
aeanoieee e aaci?aanoaaiiue, aae noa?athuaai eiia?aoi?a – iaoeaiaoa
Aaaonoa. Iiyou ni/eiyee a /anoue oeaca?y aicauoaiiua iaeu; a oee?ea ia
iioaoo ?eieyiai oie?aee ?aau. A ?aau ainnoaaaee e iunee ana
aicauoaiiae. Iie oaea auaeaeioee ec aaceeeie e oaiiie ?aiaa iannu
oeeinioia, eioi?ua o/eee /aeiaa/aneiio aeinoieinoao, aeooiaiui e
yoe/aneei aeia?iaeaoaeyi. Ii a aunoai iauanoaa ?eia aeanoieinoue,
naioeiaioaeueiinoue, oaiaeanoai ea?aee a aunieia e ia?auaee iiaeeeiii
aunieia a ea?o. Ethaiaue e ia?aaeo e ia?aae ethaae aeaeaee naii
nouanoaiaaiea /enoiai, ene?aiiaai /aeiaa/aneiai /oanoaa nioeeaeueii
ino?ui e nioeeaeueii iianiui. Iiaeeeiiia, aeeaia aeaeaei iniaaiii
yanoaaiiui oaeueoeaia e ia?oaia. Ianoiyuea iiyou, ai?ynue ca
oeaeinoiinoue /aeiaa/aneiai na?aeoea, aeaeaee aai «iieeoe/anee
iaiaaeaaeiui». Enoeiiia /oanoai iaeaaei niaiauaoue n ea?ie a ethaiaue –
aeaaea e eiia?aoi?o, eae iaeaaei, iiethaea enoeio, canoaaeoue naay
iiethaeoue eiaeue.

A oo?aoea enoeio, oo?a/eaaaoue ethaiaue. Iaiaiooia na?aeoea ia
ethaeo.

A o?oaaaeo?u! Eoeueo aeaiueiu e «ethaiaue ecaeaeaea», eioi?ui
iinayuaiu eo ianie, aeaenoaeoaeueii eaaeoony ia ?annoiyiee aaeia
ianeieueei iaaeoiaiiuie, oneiaiuie. Oaeaeae iaeei ?ac, a iioii ?yae
aeieaeo eao ethaee, ia aeaey, ainiaaae aa eaeaaeueioth nouiinoue; eee
ia aeaeae ie ?aco,a iiethaee ii iienaieyi iooaoanoaaiieeia e e iae
iiaoae iiieue e oia? a aa iauyoueyo.

*oiau yoi iinoeaiooue, iaaei, iaaa?iia, a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue
iiiyoue: ia oiii, a na?aeoeai – ia?iiiinoue ?annoiyiee a oii ie?a.
Naaiaeiy yoi ia i?iaeaia. «Ethaiaue ecaeaeaea» auea ioaaoii
/aeiaa/aneiai na?aeoea ia iaioaaoiinoue e iaii?aaeaeaiiinoue a?aiaie –
i?ino?ainoaa, iiaeao auoue aeaaea aea?ceei auciaii aio.

Eiia/ii, e «iiaea», e eeoa?aoo?a, e oinea ?uoea?y, ioi?aaiiiai
iaaeieai io aeaiu, oneeeaaee yoio eoeueo – ii ia yoi nouanoaaiii. Aaaeai
iiaue aaeeeee iiuo /aeiaa/aneiai na?aeoea – iiuo ainoeuaiey, iieeiiaiey,
aa?iinoe. E iiuo yoio inoaeny a na?aeoea iaanaaaea. Ii iiaeao
au?aaeaoueny naaiaeiy a iiauo oi?iao – aieaa aoaeie/iuo e eaeiie/iuo. Ii
ii ia iiaeao auoue oo?a/ai, yoi oi aioei iaaa/ii a oeaiue aeooe.

«ss aan ethaee aaciieaii, aaciaaeaaeii…» (A. Iooeei) «ss neacu
eee, ii ou ia niecioea…» (A. Aeie) «Iieooeaaii ieioe iaei?ie…»(I.
Iaiaeaeueooai).

A ?uoea?ue e ethaee aaciieaii, aaciaaeaaeii, e neacu eee ec – ca
oao,eoi ia nienoiaeee e aai oinea, e anee e ia/oae i /oanoaaiiie ethaae,
oi ia aieaa, /ai i «iieooeaaa».

«…*oiau oaith ieaaeoth ?oeo, aacoiaoe, eeoiee ?ac iiaeaoue» (I.
Ea?iiioia) «Oioae au a aaeeiia neiai y neeoue iith a?onoue e ia/aeue…»
(A. Aaeia). «…ss ia oi/o oaay aoaeeoue e aaniieieoue» (A. Iayeianeee)

E ?iaenoaaiii /oanoai ?uoea?y.

«I, eae ia neeiia iaoeo eao iaaeiae iu ethaei e noaaa?iae» (O.
Otho/aa). «Iaacoiaoue io iaaeiinoe e aeiaa?/eainoe…»(Y. Aa?oa?i).
«Ou- aeaai aeaaeueiiai oaaa» ( A. Ianoa?iae).

A yoi iiaia, oi niaa?oaiii iiaia, /ai /aeiaa/aneia na?aeoea
iinoiyiii iaiaauaao ie?….

Iiaay /aeiaa/iinoue e iiaay aieue.

Oaia?ue y oi/o cao?iiooue oaea noaaooth a iaoai aaea aaiaeueiie,
oaio i no?aiiinoyo e ia?aaeienao ethaae, eai eiaiii a ieo iiuo
/aeiaa/aneiai na?aeoea aunaaoeyaony iaiaeeaeaiii ?acei, e oi, /oi
eacaeinue oia?oei e caauoui,oeuaaaony iai aanaei, eee ia/aeueii, eee
e?iie/ii. Naii au?aaeaiea «no?aiiinoe ethaae»,iaiau/ii auno?i canouaoaa
a o?eaeaeueiia eeeoa, o noa?uo ienaoaeae ii/oe ia ano?a/aaony,iii ia?aei
oe?ieia oiaeaeaiea aeey iaicia/aiey ethauo ioeeiiaiee io ii?iu
ioiineoaeueii iaaeaaii. Ooo, eae ai anai ie?a, eee oi/iaa, eae ai anao
ie?ao, iiieiaiea yaeaiey eae no?aiiiai caaeneo io oiai, a /ai iieaaaoue
ii?io. No?aiii ee, /oi Iaiaeiia 20 eao aeaeaea Iaeennay? *oi Iao?a?ea,
aeaeaaoee Eao?o ecaeaee ianeieueei ?ac a aeecie, iinea aa eii/eiu
iiiuoeye eeoue i oii, /oiau oia?aoue ? *oi ianoa?ue, ?annoaeeoaeueiue
Oieueiieue iieaeeaae noiana?iaeii ethaeaooth aai 84 – eaoithth iaaeai
aeth Aeyooai.

No?aiii ee, /oi aeaiu aeaeaa?enoia iioee ca ieie a Neae?ue,
iiaea?oaiaaa aiaaonoaii,aoaeouiinoueth aeaaea aeaoueie? Eee, iiaeao
auoue, auei au no?aiii, anee au Iaiaeiia,ethay Iaeennay, ia aeaeaea aai
20 eao a oio aae, eiaaea iooaoanoaiaaee aeieai e /anoi aica?auaeenue,
eae au ec iaauoey? E Iao?a?ea auno?i caaue Eao?o?

Iiieiaiea no?aiiiai e ia no?aiiiai au?aaaouaaao yiioa,
ainiiaenoaothuaa a iae ie?iaicc?aiea e i?aau. Ii, yoi ia inaiaiaeaeaao
/aeiaaea ie io ee/iiai iiieiaiey, ie io auai?a ?aoaiey. A yiioo Aiia?a
auee aeaiueiu,eioi?ua ia iaeeaeaee ioaeae – iooaoanoaaiieeia, onooiay
ianoie/eainoe iiauo aeaieoia, e oau, ia ana aeaiu aeaeaa?enoia iiaoaee
ca ieie. Iae?aniao iie eacaeenue no?aiiuie, a Ieeieath 1 no?aiiuie
eacaeenue Aieeiineay e O?oaaoeeay…

Eiia/ii, /ai ii?ia iai?aeeiiiaa e oaea, oai aieueoa no?aiiinoae,
iiyoiio e ia noieo eiaiiaaoue ia?aaeienii ethaia ioeeiiaiea io oiai,/oi
eaaeaony naaiaeiy ii?iaeueiui,e a oi aea a?aiy ia noieo ioeacuaaoue
ethaae a ia?aaeienao e no?aiiinoyo, ia oii iniiaaiee, /oi ii?iaeueii
ethaia ene?aiiaa au?aaeaiea ene?aiiaai /oanoaa. Aiaaonoai /aeiaa/aneiai
na?aeoea, ?aciiia?acea /aeiaa/aneeo ioiioaiee,o?aae/aneay iiuue aeecie
i?e naiii oe?ieii e «aeaeii» ioiioaiee e ii?ia ia iiaoo ii?ie ia
oaeeaeyoue, a oi e iio?ynaoue ian. Ieeoi ia iaciaao ii?iaeueiui noaeueao
?iiai e Aeaeoeueaoou! ss, eiia/ii, nae/an iacaaea eiaia iaaeinyaaaii
aunieea e ineaieoaeueii y?eea, ii ioiioaieth e eioi?ui eiuoinoaaiii
iaoianoiu ana ?annoaeaeaiey i no?aiiinoyo e ia?aaeienao ethaae, ii e
nieaey n yoeo aa?oei, aoaeai inoi?iaeiu a iaoeo ii?aaeaeaieyo, a iaoeo
noaeaeaieyo i oii, /oi ii?iaeueii e /oi no?aiii.

A iiaeaeoe iinoa?aainy aiana ecaaaeaoue, anee oaeanony, au?aaeaiey,
noaaoaai ?anoiaeei, e iiaiai?ei ia i no?aiiinoyo e ia?aaeienao, a i
oao eee eiuo enoi?eyo, a eioi?uo iaiaeeaeaiii auyaeeny oio eee eiie
ouny/aeaoiee iiuo /aeiaa/aneiai na?aeoea.

Ecaanoiiio aiaeeeneiio oeeinioo Aeaeiio Notha?oo Ieeeth auei 25
eao, eiaaea ii iiciaeiieeny n aeaiueiie, i eioi?ie iioii aiai?ee:

«A niiinoaaeaiee n aa aeooie ana aunoaa a iiycee, oeeinioee e
eneonnoaa eaaeaony o?eaeaeueiui. » Iia auea aeaiie oiaa?eua aai aeaoneeo
eao ienoa?a Oaeei?a, n eioi?ui ii ii/aio- oi aei yoiai aeieai ia
aeaeaeny. Iiethaea aa, ii a oa/aiee 20 eao iiea aue aeea Oaeei?,
iiaeaea?aeeaae n iae aicauoaiii – eioaeeaeooaeueiua ioiioaiey: aeaeeeny
ethauie iuneyie, /eoae /a?iiaeee ni/eiaiee, auneooeaae aa noaeaeaiey. Ii
iinayoee aa aieueoie o?oae «Iieeoe/aneay yeiiiiey». II aeaeae aa 2 ?aca
a iaaeaeth, e aio ia ioaeia auea aieueoa ie iaeia aeaiueia a ie?a.
Iauaiea n iae auei aeey iaai enoi/ieeii iinoiyiiie ?aaeinoe e iiauo nee.

Iicaeiaa, inoaaoenue iaeei, ii ienae i iae a «Aaoiaeia?aoee»:

«Ii oaiia?aiaioo e oinoaaiiiio neeaaeo iia a iieiaeinoe
ianeieueei iaiiieiaea iia Oaeee; ii Oaeee aue ?aaaieii ia?aae iae,
eiaaea iia aeinoeaaea iieiie oinoaaiiie c?aeinoe. A aunoeo noa?ao
oiic?aiey oae aea, eae a iaeue/aeoeo aeaoaeyo iianaaeiaaiie aeecie, iia
anaaaea oiaea noaaouaaoue naioth nooue yaeaiey…!»

ii aue oaaaeaeai, /oi iia noaea au iaeiei ec aiaeaeae /aeiaa/anoaa, anee
au aeaiueiai aue ioe?uo aeinooi e iauanoaaiiie aeecie. Ii ethaee aa
ianoieueei, /oi ieeiaaea ia aiyeny iieacaoueny /a?an/o? ainoi?aeaiiui
eee niaoiui.

Eiaaea Oaeei? oia?, iia noaea aeaiie Ieeey; iie aeaee caieiooi e
oaaeeiaiii; ei ieeoi ia aue ioaeai; iia oia?ea /a?ac 7 eao a Aaeiueiia,
eoaea ii iiaoae ?aaee iaa ii niaaoo a?a/ae. «Ioiuia, – ienae Ieeeue a
Aiaeeth,- aeeciue iiy iiaeoi/aia a naiii ei?ia ». Ii oia? /a?ac
ianeieueei eao a oii aea Aaeiueiia, ai?iaea a eioi?ii Iao?a?ea oaeaeae
Eao?o.

Noa?iai oeeinioa iioi?iieee ?yaeii n aai aeaiie.

O?aioeocneee oeeinio Iathno Eiio a 44 aiaea ?acioaeny n aeaiie,
eioi?ay oi e aeaei iaiaiuaaea aai aeiaa?ea, e ?aoee a oaaeeiaiea
iieiinoueth iinayoeoue naay nin?aaeioi/aiiui oinoaaiiui caiyoeyi. Ii
eiaiii oiaaea ii, oaea iaiieiaeie,iiethaee ia?aue ?ac a aeecie. Oi auea
ethaiaue – iieeiiaiea, ethaiaue – eoeueo. Iia aai ia ethaeea. Iie
ia?aienuaaeenue; ca aiae (iioii iia oia?ea) ii iaienae ae 96 ienai e
oiaea ieiei 100 iieo/ee io iaa. Yoi auei a o?acaii 19 aaea, iiaeaeoe,
iineaaeiee ?iiai a ienueiao a enoi?ee «aa?iiaeneie ethaae» – naiue
iaoaoe/aneee, naiue ian/anoeeaue.

Ii oioae, /oiau iia noaea aai aeaiie, iia ioeacuaaeanue,
eieaaaeanue, niaeaoaeanue, ?aneaeaaeanue, iono?aiyea aai e no?aaeaea
naia io iaeeii/anoaa. Iia caaieaea /aoioeie e oia?ea ia ?oeao o Eiioa.
Aaeaaiaeii iioii ii ienae «Eniiaaaee» – ienueia, ia?auaiiua e iae,aa/ii
aeeaie. Ii ia?a/eouaae aa ienueia – ii iaeiiio, eiaiii a oi /enei,
eiaaea iie auee iaienaiu. Ii noiye iieeoaaiii ia eieaiyo ia?aae e?aneii,
ia eioi?ii iia neaeaea…

Ie Ieeeue, Ie Eiio ee?eeie o?oaaaeo?ia ia oaeaeaeenue,ii iiuo
na?aeoea, aiieiuaiiue a ianiyo o?oaaaeo?ia aeee a na?aeoeao oeeinioia.

Oioy y aua auoa auneacuaaeanue ca inoi?iaeiinoue a ii?aaeaeaiee
no?aiiiai e iano?aiiiai a ethaae, iiaeeeiii no?aiiia a iae,a anee
aiai?eoue oe?a: a /aeiaaea – nouanoaoao aannii?ii.

A oeeinioee Ieeeue ?acaeaae oai?eth ooeeeoa?ecia; Eiio iainiiaae
«iieiaeeoaeueioth oeeinioeth» – iiceoeaeci; ii aei /aai aea ia a eaaeo n
aieiaie auee eo na?aeoea.

Nouanoaotho e enoi?ee ianoieueei no?aiiua, /oi eaaeoony
iai?aaaeiiiaeiaiuie. Iaeia ec ieo ?anneacuaaao ia iaeiii aanueia
ecaanoiii aia/aea18 aaea iaiaoeeii iiyoa Aai?eoa Ooeaeeoea e aai aeaia
– Oa?eiooa. Aanei?unoeai e naiiioaa?aeaiiinoueth Oa?eiooa iaiiieiaao
A.I. Nieiaoa-*aaioa?aaneoth. A?aiy io a?aiaie Oa?eiooa aeaeaao ioaeo –
ienaoaeth iiaea?ee: a aai ionoonoaea inoaaeyao ia aai noiea oa noeaiu e
no?aieoeu,eioi?ua aio ia oaeaaaeenue. Iia ecaaeiaaea e a oi aea a?aiy
ainoeuaea aai ianoieueei,/oi, iooaoanoaoy n iae,ii caienuaae eaaeaeia aa
neiai. Iia ethaeea aai e auea, eae ana ethayuea,neeiiia ia noaeeoue
ethaeiiai, a aeaeaoue, e aeaeaea ia iaaeathuee oaeaio ecaaeiaaiiiai,
eai?eciiai e aeooaaii iaeue/athuaai /aeiaaea, a onoaeinoue, ian/anoiia
caoooathuaa na?aeoea, neeu, eioi?iai iiaei?aaiu, ii iiaoo aine?aniooue.
Iia aeaeaea a iai aaiey, eioi?ue canioe e aeieaeai auoue ?acaoaeai.

Ii ie iooaoanoaey, ie iocuea, ie aeaaea aa ethaiaue ia iiaee ie/aai
iiaeaeaoue n aai i?a/iie ?anneaaeaiiinoueth. E oiaaea, /oiau ?acaoaeeoue
aai aaiee, iia niaa?oaao- iaaeoiaiii e o?acai – aacoiiue oaa: iieaaay,
/oi eeoue ia?iiiia iio?ynaiea iiaeao aucaaoue a iai iiaeuai, eii/aao n
niaie, caeaeuaaaony eeiaeaeii.

Aica?aoynue aa/a?ii n eiioea?oa, ii canoaao aa ia?oaie.

*a?ac ianeieueei eao ii oeeoeai Aaiaoeee – io eaoa e eaoa – oae
iae?yoeaaoee iionoeaoeeny /aeiaae a iiiioaiiii nth?ooea, ianeeaaeii
iioaaoeeny ia iai, n caiouaiiie naaeie ai?iaeeie. Iice?oy, ?enoynue,
?anneacuaae ii ia yoie iaooiaaoae a Aa?iia enoi?ee.

Ii ia noae aaeeeei. Auea aaeeeie aa ethaiaue!? ssnii iaeii – yoi
ethaiaue. ia iaaei eaeaaeece?iaaoue o?aae/aneea, eee o?aaeeiie/aneea,
eee /enoi eiie/aneea /oaea/anoaa ethaae, ii ia iaaei caauaaoue, /oi io
/oaea/anoa iau/iuo iie ioee/athony oai, /oi ca ieo oiea/aii naiie
aei?iaie aanoeaiiie aaethoie: na?aeoeai, aeeciueth.

Oiiue ioae/eia, ?aaieaiii oaiaeaeathuee anth aeeciue ionoie,
aacaeooiie aeaiueia, iiaeao aucaaoue oeuaeo, ii yoa oeuaea aeieaeia
auoue ni/oanoaaiiie, anee iu ia oioei auoue aua iaiaa ioae?uie, /ai ii.
E ii iaecaaaeaiiui caeiiai /aeiaa/aneiai na?aeoea,ia iuooea oioy au
e?iie/iiai ni/oanoaey e iaio,iu ia iiaeaeaai io anae aeooe e Ioaeei. E
naie ia eniuouaaai ainoeuaiey aeaiueiie, aeaaea oiaaea, eiaaea iia
aieueoa /ai aeinoieia ainoeuaiey.

Aeaei a oii,/oi /aeiaa/aneia na?aeoea, i?e anae nin?aaeioi/aiiinoe
ia eca?aiiii nouanoaa, iau/ii ethaeo ia/oi aieueoaa, /ai iaeiiai
/aeiaaea.

A iaeiii /aeiaaea ii ethaeo ana, /aio n aeaoneeo eao ?aaeiaaeinue a
ie?a: ia?aia iinauaiea oaao?a, ia?aoth ano?a/o n ii?ai; iii ethaeo
ia?aua iiuou aeecie e ana iineaaeothuea, oaeoaeyaoea aa?o a aeeciue:
ia?aoth ethaiaue, iooaoanoaey, oiia ioae?aoeia, inaiiea eana e ?aaioo,
?aaioo, aeaeathuea ie? /aeiaa/iaa, /eua.

Yoio oaeaio ethayuaai na?aeoea a iaeiii /oanoaa e iaeiiio /aeiaaeo
nin?aaeioi/eaaoue /oanoaa, eioi?ua eniuouaaei iii ei anaio, /oi aei?iai
a ie?a, iaia?oaeeaaaony n iniaie neeie a iineaaeiae ethaae.

O?aioeocneee ooaeiaeiee Ithaen aea Oaaaii ano?aoee aeaiueio,
eioi?ay noaea aai ia?aie e iineaaeiae aeaiie, eiaaea aio auei oaea 73
aiaea. Iia oia?ea /a?ac aiae.

Ii ia?aaeee aa eeoue ia aeaa ianyoea. Ca yoe aeaa ianyoea ii oniae
iaienaoue aa ii?o?ao, no?aiii iioiaeee ia oa aicauoaiii – ia/aeueiua
aeaineea eeoea,eioi?ua ii ?eniaae n aeiae thiinoe a iooaeueie/aneie
aeieaie aeecie. Ii auniao?eaae eo aoaeoi au a nianoaaiiie aeooa, aaea
aeeee iaaeaaeaeu, ainiiieiaiey, no?aoe, niu.

19 aae aue aaeii ia?aie ethaae – e a aeecie e iniaaiii a
eeoa?aoo?a. A nouiinoe anee iiniio?aoue o?acai, 19 aae aue aaeii
ia?aie ethaae, iioiio /oi nioeeaeueiua e ?aeeaeiciua o?aaeeoeee,
onoie/eaue oeeaae auee aanueia no?iae e eioeiiiio ie?o ee/iinoe – ae
?ac?aoaeinue auoue aieaa eee iaiaa «aacoiiie» eeoue ?ac a aeecie, ia aa
ca?a.

20 aae noae aaeii iineaaeiae ethaae. A ia?aua aeanyoeeaoey, iioiio
/oi ethaee ?aii ooiaeeee ec aeecie, e ia?aay ethaiaue /anoi auea e
iineaaeiae, ii aieueoa iineaaeiae, /ai ia?aie, eai no?iaua eniuoaiey
oioae?yee ioiioaiey e na?aeoea, a ai aoi?ie iieiaeia noieaoey iineaaeiyy
ethaiaue eae iniaia aaeeeia /aeiaa/aneia /oanoai ?ane?ueanue oai, eoi
aue eeoai a aeecie ia?aie ethaae ec – ca enoi?e/aneeo ao?ue eee iaaeaeai
ath.

«Ia aeinuiay, ia aeiethay, iieiaeinoue iaoa i?ioea…»- ienae a
aeaaaeoeaoua aiaeu Yaeoa?ae Aaa?eoeeee. Yoi iiaei iiaoi?eoue e
iineaaeothuaa iieieaiea. Iineaaeiyy ethaiaue- oi?aeanoai /aeiaa/aneiai
na?aeoea iaae oyaeeeie eniuoaieyie aaea. Iii ?aoeei – aeiethaeoue. Ia
yoii ?anneacuaatho noeoe Caaieioeeiai, Ianoa?iaea, Aoiaoiaie.

A noeoao, iaienaiiuo a 19 aaea, ainiiaenoaoao oaia ano?a/e. A
iiycee 20 noieaoey iiyaeyaony oaia ia ano?a/e. Iia aicieeaao ii/oe
aania/ii o thiie Oeaaoaaaie e ?ane?uaaaony ia/aeueii e oie?ioai?aiii o
Aoiaoiaie. A aae ?aceoe e oo?ao, iaano?a/a noaiiaeony ?aaeueiinoueth,
oi?ie?othuae ia/oi iiaia, aeeaia, ?acaeaathuaany ia a iaiueoae noaiaie,
/ai yoi aeaeaea ?aiueoa ano?a/a.

«Eiaaea y niio?th ia aeaa iaiyaoeony oaea,- aiai?ee aaeeeee
neoeueioi? ?iaeai – iia eioa?aniu ia ioae/eia e aeaiueia naie ii naaa,
a oi iiaay o?aouey noanoaioeey, eioi?ay ii?iaeaeaaony yoei
acaeiiioiioaieai aeaoo e eioi?ay aac eo eiioaeoa aicieeiooue ia iiaeao».

E aio eacaeinue, /oi «iiaay noanoaioeey» iiaeao ?iaeaeaoueny ec
ianiaaeeiaiey, ianeeyiey aeaoo, /oi iaano?a/a – yoi oeaeue ie?, aaea
ianauaoayny ia/oa, iaaeaaeaea, nii noaiiayony aunieie yaueth,
iaeaaeathuae iiuueth, eioi?ie iiaeao iicaaeaeiaaoue oi, /oi nicaeaii ec
eaiiy e iaaee.

Yoo yaue Aoiaoiaa e nioeaea a noeoe a iineaaeiaa aeanyoeeaoea
aeecie. Eo iiaeii iacaaoue aa?ie/aneeie, iioiio /oi a iaoai iiieiaiee
aa?ie – oio, eoi ?anoe?yao aiciiaeiinoe /aeiaaea. A 60, 65, 75 eao iia
aiai?eo i ethaae n oie ia?ano?a/aiiinoueth aeooe, aeaineie neeie e
/aeiaa/iinoueth, eioi?ua aeaeatho aa ee/ioth iiaaaeo iaua/aeiaa/aneie
iiaaaeie. *aeiaa/aneia na?aeoea a neooaoeee iaano?a/e, i?e iaiinueea
iiyiu, «iiae nieioeai ia o ian iaae aieiaie» caneyei ineaieoaeueii, yaea
ie?o i/a?aaeiia /aeiaa/aneia /oaei. Iii – a oi?aeanoaa aeooa, eioi?ue
eae iu iiiiei, ?iaeaeai nieioeai. Aeoo ia noa?aao, ia oie?aao, eae ia
noa?aao e ia oie?aao nieioea, iii caoiaeeo e ainoiaeeo, E aeaiueia,
eioi?ay aiai?eo: «Ionoue aethaeaiiuo no?anoe aeooao, o?aaoy ioaaoa, iu
aea, ieeue, oieueei aeooe… » – ia noa?aao e ia oie?aao.

Aiaeeeneee ienaoaeue Euethen, enneaaeoy ethaiaue, ieoao, /oi eiaaea
– oi aeaeee aa ia ethaiaue – aea? e ethaiaue – ioaeaeo. Ethaiaue – aea?
– yoi /oanoai, eioi?ia eniuouaaao iaoue e ?aaaieo, a ethaiaue – ioaeaea
– oi, /oi eniuouaaao enioaaiiue ?aaaiie, aaaouae e iaoa?e. Euetheno
eacaeinue, /oi, ethaiaue – aea? auoa ianiiinoaaeii ethaae – ioaeaeu,
iioiio /oi ie/aai ae ia iaaei – iia oi/ao eeoue iaea?youe ethaeiiai. Aio
yoi eacaeinue, iiea ii ia iiiye: e ethaiaue – ioaeaea auniea.

Iiiyee yoi nae/an e iu n aaie. Ia ioaeii aeaeeoue ethaiaue ia
iecooth e aunooth. Aunoae aac iecoae e iaiai?io ia auaaao. *oanoai,
eioi?ia noa?ay aeth Aeyooai eniuouaaea e Oieueiieth, aannii?ii ethaiaue
– ioaeaea. Ii iinoaiaiii iia noaea ethaiaueth – aea?ii: iia Oieueiiey
iaea?eea oaa?aiiinoueth a oii, /oi a iaeiii oaieea Caiee i iai
aeoiatho, aai aeaeatho, ei ainoeuathony, aai aeaeoo. A aac yoiai ia/ai
aeeoue e aeuoaoue naiiio nooiio e aan/oanoaaiiiio /aeiaa/aneiio
na?aeoeo. Ethaiaue – ioaeaea aani?aaeaeueii /aeiaa/ia, yoi e aeaeaao aa
ia iaiaa aunieie, /ai ethaiaue aea?. E aiana iia ia oaeae aaaeiuo aeoo.

Ethaiaue – aea?, iaaa?iia, iaioaeaeeia io ethaae – ioaeaeu. Ana iu
ioaeaeaainy a ethaeiii /aeiaaea e oioei aai iaea?eoue, e iaea?yai oai,
/oi ia iiaeai aac iaai aeeoue, i?e oii oneiaee, /oi naie iu ai?ainy, ia
ia?anoaaay, n aeaniioe/aneeie ono?aieaieyie a «iaoae ioaeaea» e
nianoaaiiui yaieciii.

Ia neo/aeii, iaaa?iia, ii/oe ia anao ycueao ie?a iacuaatho
iaeeiaeiai ethaiaueth /oanoaa a nouiinoe ?acee/iua: ethayo e aeaiueio,
e oi eee eiia a?aiy aiaea; ethayo ?aaaiea, ean, ?iaeeio; ethayo oiai eee
eiiai eiiiiceoi?a… Ia ?aciuaaaony ee «ethaeth», aeaeaynue
iaii?aaeaeaiiui, iaeiniaea?aeaoaeueiui e aoaeoi au aeaaea
aacioaaonoaaiiui io yoiai aaneiia/iiai ?aciiia?acey yaeaiee aeooiaiie,
aeooaaiie e aeaaea aeeaioiie aeecie, eioi?ua oiauathony a iai.

Yoi ii?aaeaeaiea – aanietho. *aeiaae, aiai?yuee ethaeth oaay,
iauyniyaony a ethaae anaio ie?o. E iaieiaao na?aeoeai aanue ie?.

Ii a yoii aeooiaiii aaeeinoaa nouanoaoao ii?aaeaeaiiay ea?a?oey –
iu oaea einioeenue aa a ?acaiai?a i oii, /oi aeey ?uoea?y /anoue auoa
ethaae. Anee iia aeey ?uoea?y ieaea ethaae, oi yoi ia?ooaiea ea?a?oee,
?ac?ua aeooiaiiai aaeeinoaa. Ii aeaiiua iaoa?ee aanueia oiiee.
Iiaeeeiiay ethaiaue no?iai ea?a?oe/ia. Ia io?uaay iecoaai io aunoaai,
iia ieeiaaea ia iiiaiyao eo ianoaie. Ia?ooea ea?a?oeth, iu oaeaaai
ethaiaue, oioy a ineaieaiee iai ia?aueony, /oi iaiai?io iu aa
aicaaee/eaaai. Eiaiii ea?a?oey ethaae aeaao iai neeu aunoiyoue iiae
oaea?aie noaeueau, i?e naiuo oyaeeeo iaiii?aaeiuo oo?aoao. Ia yoie
aaeeeie iniaaiiinoe ethaae e /aeiaa/aneiai na?aeoea /aeiaae noae
caaeoiuaaoueny ?aii – i iae oe?iei iiaanoaoao ecaanoiay aeaeaeneay
eaaaiaea ia Eiaa.

Naiui ?ani?ino?aiiaiui aiieiuaieai ethaae, yaeyaony a?ae. O
eaaeaeiai ia?iaea, eee o ?aeeaee, eee o oeeinioneeo oa/aiee nouanoaotho
naie acaeyaeu ia yoi. Einoeooo a?aea, iaaa?iia noa?aeoay iauanoaaiiay
i?aaiecaoeey /aeiaa/aneeo, iaaeiieiauo ioiioaiee. E iaaaaeii eaeia aeae
a?aea: iiiiaaiiue eee iieeaaiiue, aeaaiia, /oi ethayuea ethaee
niaaeeiythony a aeaeaiee aeeoue aianoa, aanoe oicyenoai, aeaeeo
iaacaiaeu e ?aaeinoe, ?anoeoue naieo aeaoae.

Aeey i?eia?a ?anneaaeo, eae ioiineeny e yoiio «aieueoie » oeeinio e
i/aiue oiiue /aeiaae O?eae?eo Yiaaeuen. Aai acaeyae ia aii?in a?aea
i/aiue eioa?anai oai, /oi io?aaeaao a naaa iiiaea oeeinioneea oa/aiey e
ioaaouaaao ia?eiae io ia?aiauoiiiaueiiiai no?iy aei iiaaeoeo a?aiai.

Eco/aiea enoi?ee naiuee ei ia/eiaaony a 1861 aiaeo n auoiaeii a naao
?aaiou Aaoioaia «Iaoa?eineia i?aai». Aaoi? auaeaeioe a yoie ?aaioa
neaaeothuea iieiaeaiey:

o ethaeae ia?aiia/aeueii nouanoaiaaee ie/ai ia ia?aie/aiiua iieiaua
ioiioaiey, eioi?ua ii iaicia/aao iaoaea/iui oa?ieiii «aaoa?eci».

oaeea ioiioaiey eneeth/atho anyeoth aiciiaeiinoue aeinoiaa?ii
onoaiiaeoue iooea, e iiyoiio i?ienoiaeaeaiea iiaeii auei ii?aaeaeyoue
eeoue ii aeaineie eeiee – niaeanii iaoa?eineiio i?aao – eae
ia?aiia/aeueii yoi e auei o anao ia?iaeia ae?aaiinoe.

aneaaenoaea yoiai aeaiueiu eae iaoa?e, eae aaeeinoaaiii aeinoiaa?iua
?iaeeoaee iieiaeiai iieieaiey iieueciaaeenue aunieie noaiaiueth
oaaaeaiey e ii/aoa, aeioiaeeaoae aei iieiiai ainiiaenoaa aeaiuei
(aeiaeie?aoey).

ia?aoiae e aaeeiia?a/eth, i?e eioi?ii aeaiueia i?eiaaeeaaeaea
eneeth/eoaeueii iaeiiio ioae/eia, oaee a naaa ia?ooaiea ?aeeaeiciie
caiiaaaee (oi anoue oaeoe/anee ia?ooaiea eneiiiiai i?aaa inoaeueiuo
ioae/ei ia yoo aeaiueio), ia?ooaiea, eioi?iai o?aaiaaei eneoieaiey eee
aeiioneaeinue i?e oneiaee aueoia, ninoiyaoaai a oii, /oi aeaiueia a
oa/aiea ii?aaeaeaiiiai a?aiaie aeieaeia auea ioaeaaaoueny iinoi?iiiei.

Oienoue oii Aaoioaia aue iaienai ii – iaiaoeee, oi anoue ia ycuea
iaoeee, eioi?ay a oi a?aiy iaiaa anaai eioa?aniaaeanue i?aaeunoi?eae
nia?aiaiiie naiuee. Iiyoiio eieaa inoaeanue iaecaanoiie. Aeeaeaeoee
i?aaiiee Aaoioaia ia oii aea iii?eua, aunooieaoee a 1865 aiaeo, aeaaea
ia neuoae i iai.

Yoei i?aaiieeii aue Aeae. O. Iae – Eaiiai, i?yiay
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue naiaio i?aaeoanoaaiieeo. Aianoi aaieaeueiiai
ienoeea ia?aae iaie nooie th?eno; aianoi aoeiie iiyoe/aneie oaioacee –
ouaoaeueii acaaoaiiua iino?iaiey aunooiathuaai noaea aaeaieaoa. Iae –
Eaiiai iaoiaeeo o iiiaeo aeeeeo e aeaaea oeeaeeeciaaiiuo ia?iaeia
ae?aaiaai e iiaiai a?aiaie oaeoth oi?io caeeth/aiey a?aea, i?e eioi?ie
aeaieo, iaeei eee ni naieie ae?ocuey, aeieaeai eae – au ianeeuenoaaiii
iioeoeoue iaaanoo o aa ?iaeiuo. Yoio iau/ae yaeyaony ii – aeaeeiiio
ia?aaeeoeii aieaa ?aiiaai iau/ay, eiaaea ioae/eiu iaeiiai ieaiaie
aeaenoaeoaeueii ianeeueii iioeuaee naaa aeai ia noi?iia, o ae?oaeo
ieaiai. Eae aea aiciee yoio a?ae – iioeuaiea? Iae – Eaiiai auaeaeyao
aeaa a?oiiu ieaiai: yeciaaiiua – ieaiaia, aaea a?ae iaaeaeo /eaiaie
ieaiaie aue cai?auai e yiaeiaaiiua – ieaiaia, aaea a?aee ?ac?aoaeenue
oieueei iaaeaeo /eaiaie ieaiaie. Iae – Eaiiai ni?aoeaaao aeaeaa:
ioeoaea i?iecioae yoio iau/ae yeciaaiee. Yoi eaeao ec ae?oaiai aieaa
ae?aaiaai iau/ay, eiaaea a ieaiaie oaeaaee ii/oe anao ieaaeaioeaa
aeaineiai iiea e eiia/ii aneaaenoaea yoiai ?acaeaaeinue iiiaiioaeanoai.
Ionthaea e iau/ae aanoe ?iaenoai ii aeaineie eeiee, a ia ioaeneie.
Caneoaa Iae – Eaiiaia ninoieo a oii, /oi ii oeacae ia iianaianoiia
?ani?ino?aiaiea e aieueoia cia/aiea oiai, /oi ii iacaae yeciaaieae. Ii
aiana ia ioe?ue oaeo nouanoaiaaiey yeciaaiiuo a?oii e ai anyeii neo/aa
ia iiiye aai. Iaeiaei i?e anae iniiaaoaeueiinoe oai?ee Iae – Eaiiaia
noaei iaia?oaeeaaoueny ana aieueoa e aieueoa oaeoia ia oiauaaoeony a aa
ecyuiuo ?aieao. Iae – Eaiiai ciae eeoue o?e oi?iu a?aea: iiiaiaeainoai,
iiiaiioaeanoai e aaeeiia?a/ea. Ii oae ?ac ia yoio ioieo auei iai?aaeaii
aieiaiea, noaee iaoiaeeoue ana aieueoa aeieacaoaeuenoa, /oi o ia?acaeouo
ia?iaeia nouanoaiaaee oaeea oi?iu a?aea, eiaaea ianeieueei ioae/ei
iaeaaeaee niiaua ianeieueeeie aeaiueiaie; e yoi auei i?eciaii
enoi?e/aneei oaeoii.

Iae – Eaiiai anoae ia caueoo naiae oai?ee. A?oiiiaie a?ae –
/enoaeoay auaeoiea, ooaa?aeaeaao ii. Ii caueoa aai auea neeoeii neaaa.
Ii inoaaaeny iaeei ioieo a eioi?ii ii aue iaoycaei. I?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue
iaaeaeo yiaeiaaiiuie e yeciaaiiuie ieaiaiaie, ia eioi?ie iieieeanue any
aai nenoaia, ia oieueei ia auea iieieaaeia, ii auea aeaaea iianthaeo
i?eciaia e?aaoaieueiui eaiiai anae enoi?ee naiuee. I?ioea yoiai ioieoa
auei iai?aaeaii aeaaiia i?iecaaaeaiea iiiiiaioa Iae – Eaiiaia,
Ii?aaia, aaea ii aiai?eo i oii, /oi yiaeiaaiey e yeciaaiey aiana ia
ninoaaeytho i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue; nouanoaiaaiea yeciaaiiuo ieaiai aei
neo ii? ia aeieacaii. A oi a?aiy, ainiiaenoaiaae aua a?oiiiaie a?ae – a
ii ii anae aa?iyoiinoe, iaeiaaea ainiiaenoaiaae iianaianoii, – ieaiy
?an/eaiyeinue ia ?yae naycaiiuo e?iaiui ?iaenoaii ii iaoa?eineie eeiee
a?oii, ?iaeia, aioo?e eioi?uo oea?eei no?iaia cai?auaiea a?aeia, oae,
/oi ioae/eiu, i?eiaaeeaaeaaoea e iaeiiio ?iaeo, oioy e iiaee a?aoue aeey
naay aeai aioo?e ieaiaie e, eae i?aaeei, oae e aeaeaee, ii aeieaeiu auee
a?aoue eo aia naiaai ?iaea. Oaeei ia?acii, anee ?iae aue no?iai
yeciaaiiui, oi ieaiy, ioaaouaathuaa niaieoiiinoue ?iaeia, auei oaeaea
no?iai yiaeiaaiiui. Yoei aue ieii/aoaeueii ii?iaa?aioo iineaaeiee
inoaoie eneonnoaaiiuo iino?iaiee Iae – Eaiiaia.

Ainnicaeaaay oaeei ia?acii enoi?eth naiuee, Ii?aai, a niaeanee n
aieueoeinoaii naieo eieeaa, i?eoiaeeo e auaiaeo, /oi nouanoaiaaei
ia?aiauoiia ninoiyiea, eiaaea aioo?e ieaiaie ainiiaenoaiaaee
iaia?aie/aiiua iieiaua nayce, oae /oi eaaeaeay aeaiueia i?eiaaeeaaeaea
eaaeaeiio ioae/eia e ?aaiui ia?acii eaaeaeue ioae/eia – eaaeaeie
aeaiueia. Yoe iaeaeaiiua neaaeu aica?auatho ian aiana ia e iauanoaaiiie
nooiaie iaoii?yaei/aiiuo iieiauo ioiioaiee, a e ai?acaei aieaa
iicaeiae oi?ia, e a?oiiiaiio a?aeo. Iacaaiiay i?eieoeaiay iauanoaaiiay
nooiaiue, – anee iia aeaenoaeoaeueii nouanoaiaaea,- ioiineoueny e
noieue ioaeaeaiiie yiioa, /oi aaeaa ee iiaeii ?ann/eouaaoue iaeoe
n?aaee nioeeaeueiuo eneiiaaiuo, o ionoaaoeo a naiai ?acaeoee aeeea?ae,
i?yiua aeieacaoaeuenoaa aa nouanoaiaaiey a i?ioeii.

N iaaeaaiaai a?aiaie aioei a iiaeo io?eoeaoue yoo ia/aeueioth
nooiaiue iieiaie aeecie /aeiaaea, oioyo ecaaaeoue /aeiaa/anoai io yoiai
«iici?a». Iaae yoei iaaaaeanoaii Yiaaeuen ioe?uoi niaaony e aiai?eo, /oi
anee no?iaay iiiiaaiey yaeyaony aa?oeiie any/aneie aeia?iaeaoaee, oi
iaeueia ia?aainoaa ii i?aao i?eiaaeeaaeeo eaioi/iiio /a?ath, eioi?ay a
eaaeaeii ec naieo 50 – 200 /eaieeia oaea, eiaao iieiue aeaineee e
ioaeneie iieiaie aiia?ao e anth naith aeeciue oieueei e aeaeaao, /oi a
eaaeaeii ec yoeo /eaieeia niaieoieyaony naia n niaie. A ieaeiieoathuai
ie?a iu iaeaeai ana oi?iu iieiaie aeecie – iaoii?yaei/aiiua ioiioaiey,
iiaeiaea a?oiiiaiai a?aea, iiiaiaeainoai, aaeeiia?a/ea; iaaeinoaao
oieueei iiiaiioaeanoaa, aei eioi?iai aeieoe iiaee oieueei ethaee. A aio
i iaoeo aeeaeaeoeo ?iaenoaaiieeao, /aeiaaeiia?aciuo iaacueyiao, a yoii
aii?ina iai ii/oe ie/aai iaecaanoii. ?aaiinoue naioea, iaeiia?aiaiii
ne?aieythuay e ia?aieaathuay naiueth aeeaioiuo, i?eaiaeeo aa a
i?ioeai?a/ea ni noaaeii. Iaeiiai yoiai aeinoaoi/ii aeey
aeieacaoaeuenoaa, /oi naiuey aeeaioiuo e ia?aiauoiia /aeiaa/aneia
iauanoai – aaue ianiaianoeiua, /oi ia?aiauoiua ethaee, eee nianai ia
ciaee ethaae, eee naiia aieueoaa ciaee oaeoth, eaeay ia ano?a/aaony o
aeeaioiuo. E aeaenoaeoaeueii, /oi iaoiaeei iu a ea/anoaa ae?aaiaeoae,
iaeaieaa ?aiiae oi?iu naiuee? A?oiiiaie a?ae, oi?io a?aea, eioi?ay
inoaaeyao iaei ianoa aeey ?aaiinoe.

*oi yoi cia/eo – iaoii?yaei/aiiua iieiaua ioiioaiey? Yoi cia/eo,
/oi cai?aoeoaeueiua ia?aie/aiey iaoaai eee eaeiai-ieaoaeue ?aiiaai
a?aiaie ia eiaee oiaaea neeu. Iu oaea aeaeaee, eae ioiaei ia?aie/aiea,
iaoneiaeaiiia ?aaiinoueth. A oi, /oi ?aaiinoue- /oanoai, ?acaeaoaany
ioiineoaeueii iicaeii, iiaeii n/eoaoue oaa?aei onoaiiaeaiiui. Oi aea
naiia iiaeii neacaoue ii iiaiaeo i?aaenoaaeaiey i e?iainiaoaiee. Ia
oieueei a?ao e nano?a auee ia?aiia/aeueii ioaeai e aeaiie, ii e iieiaay
naycue iaaeaeo ?iaeeoaeyie e aeaoueie aua a ianoiyuaa a?aiy aeiioneaaony
o iiiaeo ia?iaeia. Iiea ia auei ioe?uoi, /oi oaeia e?iainiaoaiea e /ai
iii /?aaaoi, iieiaay naycue iaaeaeo ?iaeeoaeyie e aeaoueie iiaea
aucaaoue ia aieueoa ioa?auaiey, /ai iaaeaeo ae?oaeie eeoeaie,
i?eiaaeeaaeaueie e ?aciui iieieaieyi. Anee aea io ecaanoiuo iai iaeaieaa
?aiieo oi?i naiuee ioa?ineoue naycaiiua n ieie i?aaenoaaeaiey i oii,
/oi yaeyaony e?iainiaoaieai – i?aaenoaaeaiey, niaa?oaiii ioee/iua io
iaoeo e /anoi i?yii i?ioeai?a/auea ei,- oi iu iieo/ei oi?io iieiauo
ioiioaiee, eioi?oth iiaeii iaicia/eoue oieueei eae iaoii?yaei/aiioth.
Iaoii?yaei/aiioth iinoieueeo, iineieueeo aua ia nouanoaiaaei
ia?aie/aiee, onoaiiaeaiiuo a iineaaenoaee iau/aai.

Niaeanii Ii?aaio, ec yoiai ia?aiauoiiai ninoiyiey
iaoii?yaei/aiiuo ioiioaiee, aa?iyoii, aanueia ?aii ?acaeaaeanue:

E?iaii?iaenoaaiiay naiuey – ia?aay nooiaiue naiuee. Caeanue a?a/iua
a?oiiu ?acaeaeaiu ii iieieaieyi: ana aeaaeu e aaaee a i?aaeaeao naiuee
yaeythony ae?oa aeey ae?oaa ioaeueyie e aeaiaie, ?aaii eae e eo aeaoe,
oi anoue iooeu e iaoa?e; ?aaiui ia?acii aeaoe iineaaeieo ia?acotho 3
e?oa iaueo noi?oaia, a eo aeaoe, i?aaioee ia?auo,- 4 e?oa. Oaeei
ia?acii, a yoie oi?ia naiuee acaeiiua noi?oaeaneea i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe
eneeth/athony oieueei iaaeaeo i?aaeeaie e iioiieaie, iaaeaeo ?iaeeoaeyie
e aeaoueie, ?iaenoaaiiua aea ioiioaiey a?aoa e nano?u ia yoie nooiaie
naiuee aeeth/atho a naay iieiaoth naycue, eae ia/oi naii niaie
?acoiathuaany. E?iaii?iaenoaaiiay naiuey auia?ea, ia inoaaea iinea naay
ieeaeeo iineaaeiaaoaeae.

Ioiaeoaeueiay naiuey. Anee ia?aue oaa aia?aae ninoiye a oii, /oiau
eneeth/eoue iieiaoth naycue iaaeaeo ?iaeeoaeyie e aeaoueie, oi ninoiye a
eneeth/aiee aa aeey nanoa? e a?aoueaa. Ii niaa?oaeny ia n?aco,
ia/aaoenue, aa?iyoii, n eneeth/aiey iieiaie nayce iaaeaeo
aaeeiioo?iaiuie a?aoueyie e nano?aie e caeii/eaoenue cai?auaieai a?aea
aeaaea a aieiauo eeieyo. Eaaeaeay ia?aiia/aeueiay naiuey aeieaeia auea
?acae?iaeoueny naiia iicaeiaa /a?ac ianeieueei iieieaiee.

Ii eae oieueei aicieeei i?aaenoaaeaiea i iaiicaieeoaeueiinoe
iieiaie nayce iaaeaeo aeaoueie iaeiie iaoa?e, yoi aeieaeii auei
neacaoueny i?e ae?iaeaiee noa?uo e i?e iniiaaiee iiauo aeiiaoieo iauei.
Oaeei eee iiaeiaiui ia?acii ec e?iaii?iaenoaaiiie naiuee i?iecioea
oi?ia naiuee, iacaaiiay ioiaeoaeueiie. Oaeiaa eeanne/aneay oi?ia
naiaeiiai oeeaaea, eioi?ay aiineaaenoaee eniuoaea ?yae aeaeieciaiaiee
e aeaaiie ioee/eoaeueiie /a?oie eioi?ie auea acaeiiay iauiinoue ioaeae e
aeai aioo?e ii?aaeaeaiiiai naiaeiiai e?oaa, ec eiaai iaeiaei, auee
eneeth/aiu a?aouey aeai, nia/aea aaeeiioo?iaiua, a iicaeiaa e aieaa
aeaeueieo noaiaiae ?iaenoaa, a n ae?oaie noi?iiu oaeaea e nano?u
ioaeae. Ia yoie oi?ia naiuee, aeaenoaeoaeueiia nouanoaiaaiea eioi?ie ia
aaaaeneeo ino?iaao aeieacaii, iu iieo/eee au, aa?iyoii, naaaeaiey ec
anae Iieeiacee, anee au aeaai/anoeaua ienneiia?u, iiaeiaii aeaaeaiiie
iaiyoe eniaineei iiiaoai a Aia?eea, niiniaiu auee oniio?aoue a
iiaeiaiuo i?ioeaio?enoeaineeo ioiioaieyo ia/oi aieueoaa, /ai i?inooth
«ia?cinoue».

Iaiin?aaenoaaiii ec ioiaeoaeueiie naiuee, ii – aeaeeiiio, aiciee a
a?iiaaeiii aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa einoeooo ?iaea. Nouanoaaiiui iaiaauaieai
iaoeo naaaeaiee i a?oiiiaii a?aea iu aieueoa anaai iaycaiu aiaeeeneiio
ienneiia?o Ei?eia?o Oaeniio, eioi?ue a oa/aiea iiiaeo eao eco/ae yoo
oi?io naiuee ia aa eeanne/aneie ii/aa – a Aano?aeee. Caeanue iiiaea
ieaiaia ?acaeaeaiu ia aeaa aieueoeo eeanna – e?iee e eoieoa. Iieiaua
nayce aioo?e eaaeaeiai ec yoeo eeannia no?iai cai?auaiu, iai?ioea,
eaaeaeue ioae/eia iaeiiai eeanna oaea io ?iaeaeaiey yaeyaony ioaeai
eaaeaeie aeaiueiu ae?oaiai eeanna, a iineaaeiyy aai i?e?iaeaeaiiie
aeaiie. E neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi ie ?acee/ea a aic?anoa, ie aeeceia
e?iaiia ?iaenoai caeanue ieeiaaea ia neoaeao i?aiyonoaeai aeey iieiauo
naycae, a oieueei ia?aie/aiea, iaoneiaeaiiia ?acaeaeaieai ia aeaa
yeciaaiiuo eeanna

A?oiiiaie a?ae i?aaenoaaeyao niaie aua a?ae iaaeaeo eeannaie,
ianniaia noi?oaeanoai oeaeiai eeanna ioae/ei, /anoi ?annayiiuo ii anaio
iaoa?eeo, ni noieue aea oe?iei ?aca?inaiiui eeannii aeaiuei, – yoio
a?oiiiaie a?ae i?e aeeaeaeoai ?anniio?aiee auaeyaeeo ioithaeue ia oae
oaeanii, eae aai ?enoao naaa i?eaueoay e ioaee/iui aeiiai oaioacey
oeeenoa?ia. Iiaa?oiinoiiio iaaethaeaoaeth ii i?aaenoaaeyaony a aeaea
iai?i/iiai aaeeiia?a/ey, a a iaeioi?uo ianoao – a aeaea iiiaiaeainoaa n
iaaa?iinoueth, aeiioneaaoaeny io neo/ay e neo/ath. E oai aaea aa?iiaaoe
oniao?eaaao aaci?aanoaaiiinoue e aaccaeiiea, ia naiii aeaea
ainiiaenoaoao no?iaee caeii. Yoe aeaiueiu i?eiaaeeaaeao e a?a/iiio
eeanno /oaeacaioea, e iiyoiio iie oi ?iaeaeaiey yaeythony aai aeaiaie;
oio naiue i?aanoaaiiue caeii, eioi?ue i?aaeiacia/aao eo ae?oa aeey
ae?oaa, aini?auaao iiae oa?icie iaeacaiey anyeoth iieiaoth naycue aia
i?eiaaeeaaeaueo ae?oa ae?oao a?a/iuo eeannia.

Ia?iay naiuey. Ecaanoiia niaaeeiaiea ioaeaeueiuo ia? ia aieaa eee iaiaa
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiue n?ie eiaei ianoi oaea a oneiaeyo a?oiiiaiai a?aea
eee aua ?aiueoa; ioae/eia eiae aeaaioth ethaeioth aeaio n?aaee iiiaeo
aeai, e ii aue aeey iaa aeaaiui ioaeai n?aaee anao ioaeae. Ii oaeia
aioaaeoaa a i?eau/eo niaaeeiaiea ioaeaeueiuo ia? aeieaeii auei ana
aieaa e aieaa oi?i/eaaoueny, /ai aieueoa ?acaeaaeny ?iae e /ai
iiiai/eneaiiaa noaiiaeeenue a?oiiu «a?aoueaa» e «nanoa?» iaaeaeo
eioi?uie a?ae aue iaaiciiaeai. I?e ?anoouae caiooaiiinoe a?a/iuo
cai?aoia a?oiiiaua a?aee noaiiaeeenue ana aieaa e aieaa iaaiciiaeiuie;
iie auoaniyeenue ia?iie naiueae. Ii iu aeaeei eae iaei iauaai n
aicieeiiaaieai aaeeiia?a/ey eiaea eiaeeaeaeoaeueiay iieiaay ethaiaue a
nia?aiaiiii niunea yoiai neiaa. Ni a?aiaie aicieeiiaaiey ia?iiai a?aea
ia/eiaaony iioeuaiea e iieoiea aeaiueiu. Ii ca i?aai inoaaaoueny
aa?iie iaeiiio ioae/eia aeaiueia aeieaeia caieaoeoue «aueoi», ninoiyuee
a ia?aie/aiiii ii?aaeaeaiiuie ?aieaie iau/aa ioaeaaaoueny iinoi?iiiei:
aaaeeiineea aeaiueiu aeieaeiu auee ?ac a aiae ioaeaaaoueny ethaiio
ioae/eia iiaeaeaaoaio aa a o?aia Ieeeoou; ae?oaea ia?iaeu Ia?aaeiae
Acee iinueaee naieo aeaaooae a ii?aaeaeaiiii aic?anoa ia aiae a o?ai
Aiaeoen, aaea iie aeieaeiu auee i?aaeaaaoueny naiaiaeiie ethaae ni
naieie eca?aiieeaie i?aaeaea /ai iieo/eoue ?ac?aoaiea ia a?ae;
iiaeiaiua iau/ae, iaea/aiiua a ?aeeaeicioth iaiei/eo, naienoaaiiu anai
aceaoneei ia?iaeai, aeeaouei iaaeaeo N?aaeecaiiui ii?ai e Aaiaii. O
iiiaeo ia?iaeia ?aeeaeiciay iaiei/ea ionoonoaoao e o ieo aeaaooea
iieuecoaony aei caioaeanoaa iieiie iieiaie naiaiaeie. Iiyoiio i
aiaa?a/iuo aeaoyo oai aeaiueiu aiai?yo ia oieueei aac noaniaiey, ii
aeaaea aac eaeiai eeai nouaea. O iiiaeo ia?iaeia ae?ocuey e ?iaeiua
aeaieoa eee i?eaeaoaiiua ia naaaeueao ainoe i?aaeuyaeytho ai a?aiy
naiie naaaeueau oianeaaeiaaiiia io ae?aaieo a?aiai i?aai ia iaaanoo,
i?e/ai aeaieo ieacuaaaony iineaaeiei a i/a?aaee; oae auei a ae?aaiinoe
ia Aaeaa?neeo ino?iaao, e o ao?eeaineeo ieaiai, o ae?aaieo neaayi, a a
Aaenneiee eiaao ianoi a ianoiyuaa a?aiy. O ae?oaeo ia?iaeia
eaeia-ieaoaeue aeieaeiinoiia eeoei, i?aaeaiaeeoaeue ieaiaie eee ?iaea,
oaiai, ae?aoe, eiycue e ae?. Iieueciaaeny ii ioiioaieth iaaanou i?aaii
ia?aie ii/e, oiaea naiia auei e a n?aaeiaaaeiaie Aa?iia.

Iiiiaaiiay naiuey. Iia aicieeaao ec ia?iie naiuee. Iia ioee/aaony io
ia?iiai a?aea ai?acaei aieueoae i?i/iinoueth a?a/iuo oc, eioi?ua oaia?ue
oaea ia ?anoi?aathony ii aeaeaieth ethaie ec noi?ii. Iiiiaaiey ia auea
ieiaeii eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie iieiaie ethaae, n eioi?ie iia ia eiaea ie/aai
iauaai, oae eae iiiaea a?aee inoaaaeenue a?aeaie ii ?an/aoo. Iia auea
ia?aie oi?iie naiuee, a iniiaa eioi?ie eaaeaee ia anoanoaaiiua, a
yeiiiie/aneea oneiaey.

Noa?ay ioiineoaeueiay naiaiaea iieiauo naycae ioithaeue ia en/acea
n iiaaaeie ia?iiai a?aea eee aeaaea aaeeiia?a/ea. Oi anoue ia?yaeo n
aaeeiia?a/eai nouanoaotho aiaa?a/iua iieiaua nayce ioae/ei n
iacaioaeieie aeaiueiaie, /oi, eae ecaanoii i?ioeaaoaao a naiuo
?acee/iuo oi?iao ia i?ioyaeaiee anaai ia?eiaea oeeaeeecaoeee e ana
aieaa e aieaa i?aa?auaaony a iai?ee?uooth i?inoeoooeeth. Yoio aaoa?eci
aaaeao naia i?ienoiaeaeaiea io oie aea?oau oeaiie eioi?ie aeaiueiu,
ioaeaaaynue iinoi?iiiei, iieoiaee naaa i?aai ia oeaeiioae?ea.
Ioaeaaaoueny ca aeaiueae auei ia?aiia/aeueii ?aeeaeiciui aeoii; ana yoi
i?ienoiaeeei a o?aia aiaeie ethaae, e aeaiueae oee ia?aia a?aiy a
nie?iaeuieoeo o?aia. Aea?iaeoeu e Aiaeoen a A?iaiee, Ao?iaeeou a
Ei?eioa, a oaeaea ninoiyuea i?e o?aiao ?aeeaeiciua oaioeiaueoeu Eiaeee,
oae iacuaaaiua aayaea?ee, auee ia?auie i?inoeoooeaie. Ioaeaaaynue
iinoi?iiiei ioae/eiai – ia?aiia/aeueii iaycaiiinoue eaaeaeie aeaiueiu –
noaei aiineaaenoaee oaeaeii oieueei yoeo ae?eoe, eae au caiauaaoeo anao
inoaeueiuo. O ae?oaeo ia?iaeia yoio aaoa?eci aaaeao naia i?ienoiaeaeaiea
io i?aaeinoaaeyaoeeny aeaaooeai aei a?aea iieiaie naiaiaeu e,
neaaeiaaoaeueii, oaeaea yaeyaony ia?aaeeoeii a?oiiiaiai a?aea, oieueei
aeioaaeoei aei ian ae?oaei iooai. Aaoa?eci – yoi oaeie aea iauanoaaiiue
einoeooo, eae e anyeee ae?oaie; ii iaania/eaaao aeaeueiaeoaa
nouanoaiaaiea noa?ie iieiaie ethaae – a iieueco ioae/ei.

Ii aianoa n yoei ?acaeaaaony aoi?ia i?ioeai?a/ea aioo?e naiie
iiiiaaiee. ?yaeii n ioaeai, ne?aoeaathuei naia nouanoaiaaiea aaoa?eciii,
noieo iieeiooay noi?oaa. Ii e aeaiu a?acoieee naieo ioaeae. Aianoa n
aaeeiia?a/eai iiyaeythony aeaa iaeciaiiuo, ?aiaa iaecaanoiuo
iauanoaaiiuo oeia: iinoiyiiue ethaiaiee aeaiu e ioae – ?iaiiinaoe.
?yaeii n aaeeiia?a/eai e aaoa?eciii iaono?aieiui iauanoaaiiui yaeaieai
naeaeaeinue e i?aethaiaeayiea, cai?auaiiia, no?iai iaeacoaiia, ii
iaenei?aieiia.

Caeeth/aiea a?aea a ao?aeoaciie n?aaea i?ienoiaeeo aeaiyeei
ia?acii. A eaoiee/aneeo no?aiao ?iaeeoaee iiaeuneeaaee nuio
iiaeoiaeyuoth aeaio, e, ?acoiaaony, ?acoeueoaoii yoiai yaeyaony
iaeaieaa iieiia ?acaeoea i?enouaai iiiiaaiee i?ioeai?a/ey: iuoiue
?anoeaao aaoa?ecia ni noi?iiu ioaea e iuoiue ?anoeaao noi?oaeaneie
iaaa?iinoe ni noi?iiu aeaiu. A i?ioanoaioneeo no?aiao, iai?ioea, nuio,
eae i?aaeei, i?aaeinoaaeyaony aieaa eee iaiaa naiaiaeiia i?aai auae?aoue
aeaio ec naiaai eeanna; iiyoiio iniiaie aeey caeeth/aiey a?aea iiaeao
neoaeeoue a ecaanoiie noaiaie ethaiaue, eae yoi, i?eee/ey ?aaee,
iinoiyiii e i?aaeiieaaaaony a niioaaonoaee n aeooii i?ioanoaioneiai
eeoeaia?ey. Caeanue aaoa?eci i?aeoeeoaony ioaeai ia noieue yia?ae/ii, a
iaaa?iinoue aeaiu ano?a/aaony ia oae /anoi. Ii eae i?e ethaie oi?ia
a?aea ethaee inoaaony oaeeie aea, eaeeie auee aei iaai, a ao?aeoa a
i?ioanoaioneeo no?aiao a aieueoeinoaa naiai oeeenoa?u, oi yoa
i?ioanoaioneay iiiiaaiey, aeaaea anee a?aoue a iauai eo/oea neo/ae, ana
aea i?eaiaeeo oieueei e iaauiineii neo/iiio noi?oaeaneiio
niaeeoaeuenoao, eioi?ia iacuaatho naiaeiui n/anoueai.

Aei n?aaeieo aaeia ia iiaei auoue e ?a/e ia eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie
iieiaie ethaae. Naii niaie ?acoiaaony, /oi oece/aneay e?anioa,
ae?oaeaneea ioiioaiey, iaeeiaeiaua neeiiiinoe e o.i. i?iaoaeaeaee o
ethaeae ?acee/iiai iiea no?aieaiea e iieiaie nayce, /oi eae aeey
ioae/ei, oae e aeey aeaiuei ia auei niaa?oaiii aac?acee/ii, n eai iie
anooiaee a yoe eioeiiua ioiioaiey. Ii io yoiai aei nia?aiaiiie iieiaie
ethaae aua aaneiia/ii aeaeaei. Ia i?ioyaeaiee anae ae?aaiinoe a?aee
caeeth/aeenue ?iaeeoaeyie anooiathueo a a?ae noi?ii, eioi?ua niieieii
ie?eeenue n yoei. Oa ne?iiiay aeiey noi?oaeaneie ethaae, eioi?oth ciaao
ae?aaiinoue, – ia noauaeoeaiay neeiiiinoue, a iauaeoeaiay iaycaiiinoue,
ia iniiaa a?aea, a aeiiieiaiea e iaio. Ethaiaiua ioiioaiey a nia?aiaiiii
niunea eiatho ianoi a ae?aaiinoe eeoue aia ioeoeeaeueiiai iauanoaa.
Ianoooe, ethaiaiua ?aaeinoe e no?aaeaiey, eioi?ua ainiaaatho Oaie?eo e
Iino, Aeaoien e Oeiy Eiiaa, – yoi eneeth/eoaeueii ?aau, ia i?eieiathuea
o/anoey a aeaeao ainoaea?noaa, a aeeciaiiie noa?a naiaiaeiiai
a?aaeaeaieia. Ii iiieii ethaiaiuo naycae n?aaee ?aaia iu ano?a/aai oaeea
nayce oieueei eae i?iaeoeo ?aniaaea aeaiouaai ae?aaiaai ie?a, e i?eoii
nayce n aeaiueiaie, eioi?ua oiaea noiyo aia ioeoeeaeueiiai iauanoaa – n
aaoa?aie, oi anoue /oaeano?aieaie eee aieueiiioiouaiieoeaie: a Aoeiao –
iaeaioia eo oiaaeea, A ?eia ai a?aiaia eiia?ee. Anee aea ethaiaiua
nayce aeaenoaeoaeueii aicieeaee iaaeaeo naiaiaeiuie a?aaeaeaiaie e
a?aaeaeaieaie, oi oieueei eae ia?ooaiea noi?oaeaneie aa?iinoe. A aeey
eeanne/aneiai iiyoa ae?aaiinoe, ainiaaaaoaai ethaiaue, noa?iai
Aiae?aiioa, iieiaay a iaoai niunea auea ianoieueei aac?acee/ia, /oi
aeey iaai aac?acee/ai aue iie ethaeiiai nouanoaa.

Nia?aiaiiay iieiaay ethaiaue nouanoaaiiiai ioee/aaony io i?inoiai
iieiaiai aea/aiey, io y?ina ae?aaieo. Ai-ia?auo, iia i?aaeiieaaaao o
ethaeiiai nouanoaa acaeiioth ethaiaue; a yoii ioiioaiea aeaiueia
iaoiaeeony a ?aaiii iieiaeaiee n ioae/eiie, oiaaea eae aeey aioe/iiai
y?ina ioithaeue ia anaaaea o?aaiaaeinue aa niaeanea. Ai-aoi?uo, neea e
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue iieiaie ethaae auaatho oaeeie, /oi iaaiciiaeiinoue
iaeaaeaiey e ?aceoea i?aaenoaaeythony iaaei noi?iiai aaeeeei
ian/anoueai, iie eaeoo ia ia?iiiue ?ene, aeaaea noaayo ia ea?oo naith
aeeciue, /oiau oieueei i?eiaaeeaaeaoue ae?oa ae?oao, /oi a ae?aaiinoe
auaaei ?acaa oieueei a neo/ayo ia?ooaiey noi?oaeaneie aa?iinoe. E,
iaeiiaoe, iiyaeyaony iiaue i?aanoaaiiue e?eoa?ee aeey inoaeaeaiey e
ii?aaaeaiey iieiaie nayce; ni?aoeaatho ia oieueei i oii, aaea ee iia
a?a/iie eee aiaa?a/iie, ii e i oii, aicieeea ee iia ii acaeiiie ethaae
eee iao? Iiiyoii, /oi a oaiaeaeueiie eee ao?aeoaciie i?aeoeea n yoei
iiaui e?eoa?eai ianoieo ia eo/oa, /ai ni anaie ae?oaeie e?eoa?eyie
ii?aee – n ieie ia n/eoathony. Ii ioiinyony e iaio e ia ooaea, /ai e
ae?oaei: ii oaeaea, eae e oa, i?eciaaony – a oai?ee, ia aoiaaa. A
aieueoaai e o?aaiaaoue iiea iaeuecy.

Io, aeoiath noieo iiaeaanoe eoiae iaoaai iiaanoaiaaiey, e iiyoiio a
caeeth/aiea neaaeai, /oi anee i?eciaoue oio oaeo, /oi naiuey
iineaaeiaaoaeueii i?ioea /a?ac 4 oi?iu e iaoiaeeoueny oaia?ue a 5, oi
aicieeaao aii?in, iiaeao ee yoa oi?ia nio?aieoueny ia aeeeoaeueiue n?ie
a aoaeouai? Ioaao aiciiaeai oieueei iaeei – iia aeieaeia ?acaeaaoueny ii
ia?a ?acaeoey iauanoaa e eciaiyoueny ii ia?a eciaiaiey iauanoaa, oi/ii
oaeaea eae yoi auei a i?ioeii. ssaeyynue i?iaeoeoii ii?aaeaeaiiie
iauanoaaiiie nenoaiu, iia aoaeao io?aaeaoue ninoiyiea aa ?acaeoey. Oae
eae iiiiaaiiay naiuey ca ia?eiae a ia/aea oeeaeeecaoeee
oniaa?oainoaiaaeanue, oi iiaeii, ii iaiueoae ia?a, i?aaeiieaaaoue, /oi
iia niiniaia e aeaeueiaeoaio niaa?oainoaiaaieth, iiea ia aoaeao
aeinoeaiooi iieiia ?aaainoai iieia. Anee aea iiiiaaiiay naiuey a
ioaeaeaiiii aoaeouai ieaaeaony ianiiniaiie oaeiaeaoai?youe iio?aaiinoe
iauanoaa, oi iaaiciiaeii ca?aiaa i?aaeneacaoue, eaeie oa?aeoa? aoaeao
eiaoue aa i?aaiieoea.

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