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Aeaaa I. Iiiyoea, nouiinoue e oeaee neaaenoaaiiiai

yenia?eiaioa

1.1 Iiiyoea e nouiinoue neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa

A i?ioeanna ?anneaaeiaaiey i?anooieaiey aaaeiia ianoi i?eiaaeeaaeeo
yenia?eiaioaeueiiio iaoiaeo ?aaiou n aeieacaoaeuenoaaie, iieo/eaoaio
naia au?aaeaiea a oaeii neaaenoaaiiii aeaenoaee, eae neaaenoaaiiue
yenia?eiaio, aaea iiuo ninoaaeyao iniiaiia niaea?aeaiea aeaenoaee
neaaeiaaoaey.

Aei i?eiyoey oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiuo eiaeaenia 1959-1961a.a. a
th?eaee/aneie eeoa?aoo?a e ia i?aeoeea nouanoaiaaee aeaa oi/ee c?aiey ia
i?e?iaeo e nouiinoue neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa.

Noi?iiieee iaeiie oi/ee c?aiey n/eoaee, /oi neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio
ia yaeyaony naiinoiyoaeueiui neaaenoaaiiui aeaenoaeai, a
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie eeai ?aciiaeaeiinoue neaaenoaaiiiai iniio?a, eeai
oaeoe/aneee i?eai i?iaa?ee aeieacaoaeuenoa i?e i?iecaiaenoaa eaeiai-eeai
neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey. I?aaenoaaeoaeyie yoie oi/ee c?aiey yaeyeenue
i?ioeannoaeenou I.N No?iaiae/, I.A. *aeueoeia, ?.Ae. ?aooiia, a n?aaee
e?eieiaeenoia – I.E. Oa?ania-?aaeeiiia ( a aieueoeinoaa naieo ?aaio ),
E.E. Aeiaa?a.

Ii?aaeaeyy neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio eae n?aaenoai i?iaa?ee
aeieacaoaeuenoa, I.N. No?iaiae/ ienae, /oi “ ii naiae th?eaee/aneie
i?e?iaea ii i?aaenoaaeyao ia /oi eiia, eae iniaue aeae iniio?a a aai
aoi?ie (aeeiaie/aneie ) noaaeeae “ [20, n. 245-246 ]. Ioia/ay aianoa n
oai iaeioi?ua ioee/ey neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa io iau/iiai iniio?a,
I.N. No?iaiae/ iiae/a?eeaae, /oi, ianiio?y ia iaeioi?oth niaoeeoeeo,
neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio anaaaea anoue iniio?: iniao?eaaaony ianoi eee
i?aaeiao.

Yoie iiceoeee I.N. No?iaiae/ ia eciaiee e a aieaa iicaeieo ?aaioao, aaea
ii iacuaaao neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ” /anoiui i?eaiii neaaenoaey” [21
, n. 82 ], «iniaui aeaeii iniio?a» [ 22, n. 328 ].

Iaiaa /aoei auneacaeny ii yoiio aii?ino I.A *aeueoeia. Aiai?y i oii, /oi
iiae neaaenoaaiiui yenia?eiaioii iiieiaaony iniaue oaeoe/aneee i?eai
neaaenoaey, iai?aaeaiiue ia eneonnoaaiiia aini?iecaaaeaiea eaeeo-eeai
ianoiyoaeuenoa aeaea, ii eiinoaoe?iaae ionoonoaea a
oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiuo eiaeaenao oeacaiee i neaaenoaaiiii
yenia?eiaioa e n/eoae, /oi «i?aaeeueiaa anaai neaaenoaaiiue
yenia?eiaio ioi?ieyaony i?ioieie iniio?a» [23, n. 271]. Ec yoie
?aeiiaiaeaoeee iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi, ii iiaieth aaoi?a
neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio iaeii?iaeai ni neaaenoaaiiui iniio?ii.

Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi I.A. *aeueoeia aiineaaenoaee ioioae io aeaiiieie
oi/ee c?aiey ia i?e?iaeo neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, oae eae nionoy
ianeieueei eao ii ienae oaea i neaaenoaaiiii yenia?eiaioa eae i
i?ioeannoaeueiii aeaenoaee (a ia ?aciiaeaeiinoe eiiai neaaenoaaiiiai
aeaenoaey), ii?aaeaeyy aai nouiinoue ii-i?aaeiaio: aini?iecaaaeaiea
ii?aaeaeaiiuo oaeoe/aneeo ianoiyoaeuenoa n oeaeueth i?iaa?ee
aiciiaeiinoe nouanoaiaaiey aeaiiiai oaeoa a aeaiiuo oneiaeyo’ [ 24, n.
73] .

?.Ae. ?aooiia, eanaynue neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa eeoue a aniaeoa
o/anoey a iai yenia?oa, i?eoae e auaiaeo, /oi «neaaenoaaiiue
yenia?eiaio, caeeth/athueeny a aini?iecaaaeaiee ianoaiiaee
ii?aaeaeaiiiai niauoey, ii naiaio oa?aeoa?o i?aaenoaaeyao niaith aeae
iniio?a»[ 25, n. 133].

?aciiaeaeiinoueth neaaenoaaiiiai iniio?a n/eoae neaaenoaaiiue
yenia?eiaio e A.E. Aeiaa?a [ 27, n. 115] .

I.E. Oa?ania-?aaeeiiia a naieo ia?auo ?aaioao ii yoiio aii?ino
iacuaae neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio «iniio?ii-einoeaie?iaeie» eee
oaeoe/aneei i?eaiii ?anneaaeiaaiey e ii?aaeaeye aai eae eneonnoaaiiia
aini?iecaaaeaiea ianoiyoaeuenoa i?anooieaiey eee i?ienoanoaey, eee aai
ioaeaeueiuo yeaiaioia, eee ioaeaeueiuo eiaaoeo ianoi niauoee. Oeaeue
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, ii aai iiaieth, – i?iaa?ea oeee e iaeeo/oaa
oyniaiea ianoiyoaeuenoa aeaea [ 28 , n. 80] .

A «Ianoieueiie eieaa neaaeiaaoaey» a aeaaa, iinayuaiiie neaaenoaaiiiio
yenia?eiaioo, I.E. Oa?ania-?aaeeiiia oaea i?yii aiai?ee i oii, /oi
neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio – yoi ?aciiaeaeiinoue neaaenoaaiiiai iniio?a.
Iaeiaei oai aea ii ioia/ae nouanoaaiiua ?acee/ey iaaeaeo yenia?eiaioii e
iniio?ii, eioi?ua oaeoe/anee ii?iaa?aaee auneacaiiia ei iiaiea i
i?e?iaea yenia?eiaioa [ 28 , n. 368] . Oaeay aeaienoaaiiinoue iiceoeee
aaoi?a io/aoeeai auyaeeanue e a iaeiie ec aai iineaaeothueo ?aaio, aaea
ii auioaeaeai aue i?eciaoue, /oi neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio, aeaaea anee
aai ?anniao?eaaoue eae ?aciiaeaeiinoue neaaenoaaiiiai iniio?a, auoiaeeo
ca ?aiee iineaaeiaai “e a naiai iiaii ea/anoaa neoaeeo enoi/ieeii
?acaeoey iiauo oi?i neaaenoaaiiie ?aaiou”[ 25, n. 115 ] .

?acthie?oy acaeyaeu o/aiuo, i?eaea?aeeaaaoeony ia?aie oi/ee c?aiey ia
i?e?iaeo neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, iiaeii neacaoue, /oi iie
naiaeeeenue e neaaeothuaio:

A. Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ia yaeyaony naiinoiyoaeueiui neaaenoaaiiui
aeaenoaeai; aai iiaeii ?anniao?eaaoue eeai eae oaeoe/anee i?eai,
inouanoaeyaiue i?e i?iecaiaenoaa ae?oaeo neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee, eeai
eae ?aciiaeaeiinoue eaeiai-eeai neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey (iai?eia?,
iniio?a).

A. Oeaee neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa caeeth/athony a i?iaa?ea
aeieacaoaeuenoa eee oyniaiey ianoiyoaeuenoa aeaea.

A. ?acee/ey, eiathueany iaaeaeo yenia?eiaioii e ae?oaeie neaaenoaaiiuie,
eae ii oeaeyi eo i?iaaaeaiey, oae e ii niaea?aeaieth ia
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i naiinoiyoaeueiii oa?aeoa?a neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa.

Noi?iiieee aoi?ie oi/ee c?aiey n/eoaee neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio
naiinoiyoaeueiui neaaenoaaiiui aeaenoaeai, ioee/athueiny naiei
niaea?aeaieai, caaea/aie e oaeoeeie i?iaaaeaiey io ae?oaeo neaaenoaaiiuo
aeaenoaee. Yoe acaeyaeu ?acaeaeyee I.I. A?icaeeineee , A.A.
Ieiioeianeee, I.A. Oa?ceaa , A.I. Eieiaeia , A.I. Ieiueeianeee , E.A.
A?ioeea?, I.E. Aoeianeay , I.I. Auae?y , O.E. Aeeaeaiei, ?.N. Aaeeei e
ae?.[ 29, 30, 31 , 32, 33, 34, 35, 36 , 37, ].

Oa?aeoa?ii, /oi e iinea i?eiyoey oaieiaii- i?ioeannoaeueiuo eiaeaenia a
1959-1961 a.a. iaeioi?ua o/aiua, iai?eia? I.N. No?iaiae/, ?anniao?eaaee
neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio eae ?aciiaeaeiinoue iniio?a [ 38, n. 47]. Yoi,
ii iaoaio iiaieth, iiaeii iauynieoue oai, /oi aei i?eiyoey iuia
aeaenoaothuaai oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa
i?iecaiaenoai neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ia auei ?aaeaiaioe?iaaii,
aoaeo/e aeiaieueii ?ani?ino?aiaiiui, aeaiiia neaaenoaaiiia aeaenoaea
i?ioeannoaeueii ioi?ieyeinue i?ioieieii neaaenoaaiiiai iniio?a.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy ia aucuaaao niiiaiee oio oaeo, /oi neaaenoaaiiue
yenia?eiaio naiinoiyoaeueiia niaoeeoe/aneia neaaenoaaiiia aeaenoaea,
eioi?ia ii naiae nouiinoe, oeaeyi, caaea/ai ioee/aaony io ae?oaeo
neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee.

Anee i?iaiaeece?iaaoue ii?aaeaeaiey neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa,
ano?a/athueany a i?ioeannoaeueiie e e?eieiaeenoe/aneie
eeoa?aoo?a, oi iiaeii i?eeoe e auaiaeo, /oi ana iie oa?aeoa?ecotho
neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio i?aaeaea anaai eae aini?iecaaaeaiea –
aini?iecaaaeaiea ianoaiiaee eee ianoiyoaeuenoa niauoey, aini?iecaaaeaiea
oao eee eiuo oaeoia, i?eciaeia, noi?ii enneaaeoaiiai yaeaiey. Ii oaeie
iiaeoiae e ii?aaeaeaieth neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, ii iiaieth ?.C.
Aaeeeia, yaeyaony ia nianai aa?iuie n yoei iaeuecy ia niaeaneoueny [39,
n.25].

Aini?iecaanoe i?aaeiao noaeaaiiai enneaaeiaaiey iieiinoueth, eae
oeacuaaeinue auoa, iaaiciiaeii. Iaeuecy aiieiie ia?a aini?iecaanoe
iieiaeaiea iioa?iaaoaai e iaiaaeathuaai a iiiaio niaa?oaiey
i?anooieaiey, ana aeaenoaey i?anooiieea ia ianoa niaa?oaiey i?anooieaiey
e o. i. Iu anaaaea aoaeai i?e yoii eiaoue aeaei n iiaui, eiui niauoeai,
yaeaieai, i?eciaeii. Iiyoiio neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio caeeth/aaony ia a
aini?iecaaaeaiee a aoeaaeueiii niunea yoiai neiaa eaeiai-eeai yaeaiey
eee oaeoa, a a niaa?oaiee aeaenoaee, noiaeiuo n enneaaeoaiuie. E
ianoaiiaea, a eioi?ie niaa?oathony yoe aeaenoaey, aoaeao ia oie, a
eioi?ie eiaei ianoi iiaeeeiiia niauoea, a eeoue noiaeiie n iath.
Aeinoeaeaiea noiaenoaa ianoaiiaee, a eioi?ie inouanoaeythony
yenia?eiaioaeueiua aeaenoaey, e naieo yoeo aeaenoaee n ianoaiiaeie e
ianoiyoaeuenoaaie iiaeeeiiiai niauoey e iaania/eaaao aeinoiaa?iinoue
?acoeueoaoia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa.

I ?aaeueiii aini?iecaaaeaiee i?e neaaenoaaiiii yenia?eiaioa iaeuecy
aiai?eoue aua e iioiio, /oi a ?yaea neo/aaa yenia?eiaioii ii?iaa?aaaony
naia aiciiaeiinoue, ?aaeueiinoue i?aaeiieaaaaiiai yaeaiey, oaeoa e ,
neaaeiaaoaeueii, i?e yoii ie/aai ia aini?iecaiaeeony, oae eae ia
nouanoaiaaaoaai aiana iaeuecy aini?iecaanoe.

Ae?oaei nouanoaaiiui iaaeinoaoeii i?aaeeiaeaiiuo ii?aaeaeaiee
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa yaeyaony ionoonoaea ai iiiaeo ec ieo
oeacaiee ia aeaenoaaiiue, yenia?eiaioaeueiue oa?aeoa? yoiai
neaaenoaaiiiai aeoa. Oae, th?eaee/aneee neiaa?ue ii?aaeaeyao
neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio eae “neaaenoaaiiia aeaenoaea, caeeth/athuaany
a aini?iecaaaeaiee neaaeiaaoaeai ioaeaeueiuo ianoiyoaeuenoa niaa?oaiey
?anneaaeoaiiai i?anooieaiey eee ioaeaeueiuo oaeoia, eiathueo
nouanoaaiiia cia/aiea aeey aeaea” [40, n. 606].

Oaeei ia?acii, iaeuecy naiaeeoue niaea?aeaiea neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa e iiiyoeth «aini?iecaaaeaiea». Iaaa?iui, aoaeao oaeaea e
ia?aie/aiea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa aini?iecaaaeaieai oieueei
ianoaiiaee niauoey. I?e oaeii eiino?oe?iaaiee ii?aaeaeaiey
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ec iaai auoieaueaaaony aeaaiia –
i?iecaiaenoai iiuoia, eniuoaiee, o.a. yenia?eiaioaeueiue iaoiae
onoaiiaeaiey oaeoia.

Nicaeaiea oneiaee, ianoaiiaee, noiaeiuo n ianoaiiaeie iiaeeeiiiai
niauoey, aua iaeuecy i?eciaoue yenia?eiaioii. Yoi iiae/an, oioy e ia
anaaaea, eeoue iaiaoiaeeiia oneiaea oaeoe/anee i?aaeeueiiai i?iaaaeaiey
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa. Ii yenia?eiaio ia iiaeao
ia?aie/eaaoueny oieueei ?aeiino?oeoeeae ianoaiiaee i?ienoanoaey, oae eae
a naiii oaeoa ?aeiino?oeoeee, nicaeaiey oneiaee, noiaeiuo n oneiaeyie, a
eioi?uo i?ioaeaei iiaeeeiiia niauoea, aua iao ie/aai
yenia?eiaioaeueiiai, iiuoiiai. Iaeioi?ua aaoi?u,iai?eia? ?.N. Aaeeei,
iieaaaee, /oi iaeei ec aeaeia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa naiei
niaea?aeaieai eiaao eneeth/eoaeueii ?aeiino?oeoeeth ianoaiiaee
niauoey [ , n.10]. Iaeiaei yoi ia oae.

?aeiino?oeoeey naiie ianoaiiaee niauoey, o.a. nicaeaiea ianoaiiaee,
noiaeiie n oie, a eioi?ie eiaei ianoi enneaaeoaiia ianoiyoaeuenoai,
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ia naiinoiyoaeueiia neaaenoaaiiia aeaenoaea,
ia ?aciiaeaeiinoue neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, a oaeoe/aneee
i?eai ?anneaaeiaaiey, i?eiaiyaiue i?e i?iecaiaenoaa ?acee/iuo
neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee. Naia ii naaa ?aeiino?oeoeey ianoaiiaee ie/aai
ia aeaao neaaenoaeth. Iu ?aeiino?oe?oai ianoaiiaeo eeai aeey aa
iineaaeothuaai iniio?a, eeai aeey i?iaaaeaiey a nicaeaiiuo oneiaeyo
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa eee iiiciaiey oao eee eiuo iauaeoia e o.i.
?aeiino?oeoeey aunooiaao i?e yoii eae ia/aeueiue yoai eee eae oneiaea,
oaeoe/aneee i?eai i?iecaiaenoaa oiai eee eiiai neaaenoaaiiiai
aeaenoaey. Eiaiii iiyoiio ?aeiino?oeoeey ianoaiiaee iaiaycaoaeueia
i?e i?iecaiaenoaa ethaiai neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey. A ?yaea neo/aaa
yenia?eiaio iiaeao auoue i?iaaaeai a ianoaiiaea, ia noiaeiie n
ianoaiiaeie iiaeeeiiiai niauoey, anee yoi ia eiaao cia/aiey aeey
aeinoiaa?iinoe ?acoeueoaoia yenia?eiaioa.

Iaeiiaoe, aua iaeiei nouanoaaiiui iaaeinoaoeii i?aaeeiaeaiiuo
a eeoa?aoo?a ii?aaeaeaiee neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa yaeyaony
ia?aie/aiea oeaeae yoiai neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey, eae i?aaeei,
i?iaa?eie nia?aiiuo ii aeaeo aeieacaoaeuenoa. Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio
iiaeao auoue n oniaoii i?eiaiai ia oieueei aeey i?iaa?ee oaea eiathueony
aeieacaoaeuenoa, ii e aeey i?iaa?ee e ioeaiee neaaenoaaiiuo aa?nee e
iieo/aiey iiauo aeieacaoaeuenoa.

Enoiaey ec auoa neacaiiiai, iaeaieaa i?aaeeueiui e oi/iui, ia iao
eoacaeyae, yaeyaony ii?aaeaeaiea, i?aaeeiaeaiiia ?.N. Aaeeeiui:
“Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio – yoi naiinoiyoaeueiia neaaenoaaiiia
aeaenoaea, auiieiyaiia neaaeiaaoaeai a oneiaeyo i?iaa?ee e ooi/iaiey
aeaiiuo eiathueo cia/aiea aeey aeaea, a oaeaea iieo/aiey iiauo
aeieacaoaeuenoa, i?iecaiaeeiia iooai niaa?oaiey iiuoiuo aeaenoaee a
oneiaeyo, iaeneiaeueii noiaeiuo n oneiaeyie, nouanoaiaaaoeie a iiiaio
i?iaa?yaiiai oaeoa, yaeaiey, niauoey”[39, c. 45].

Acaeyae ia neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio eae ia naiinoiyoaeueiia
neaaenoaaiiia aeaenoaea iaoae au?aaeaiea a aeaenoaothuai
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa. Oae, a aeaenoaothuai Oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiii
eiaeaena ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue neaaenoaaiiiio yenia?eiaioo iinayuaia no.
182 (aeaeaa – OIE ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue). A iae aiai?eony:

“ A oeaeyo i?iaa?ee e ooi/iaiey aeaiiuo, eiathueo cia/aiea aeey aeaea,
neaaeiaaoaeue ai?aaa i?iecaanoe neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio iooai
aini?iecaaaeaiey aeaenoaee, ianoaiiaee eee eiuo ianoiyoaeuenoa
ii?aaeaeaiiiai niauoey e niaa?oaiey iaiaoiaeeiuo iiuoiuo aeaenoaee».

Ec i?eaaaeaiiie noaouee neaaeoao, i?aaeaea anaai, oio oaeo, /oi
caeiiiaeaoaeue iiieiaao, iiae neaaenoaaiiui yenia?eiaioii niaa?oaiea
iiuoiuo aeaenoaee. Yoe aeaenoaey aeieaeiu inouanoaeyoueny a
niaoeeaeueii nicaeaiiuo aeey yoie oeaee oneiaeyo, “aini?iecaiaeyueo”
ianoiyoaeuenoaa ?anneaaeoaiiai niauoey.

Oiio?aaeaiiue a caeiia aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee oneiaee neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa, oa?iei “aini?iecaaaeaiea” eiaao oneiaiia cia/aiea e
au?aaeaao o?aaiaaiea aeinoeaeaiey niioaaonoaey oneiaee e niaea?aeaiey
iiuoia oneiaeyi e niaea?aeaieth enneaaeoaiuo aeaenoaee. Oeacaiey
caeiiiaeaoaey ia oi, /oi niaea?aeaieai neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa
yaeyaony niaa?oaiea iiuoiuo aeaenoaee, iicaieyao naeaeaoue auaiae i oii,
/oi naii ii naaa «aini?iecaaaeaiea» ia en/a?iuaaao niaea?aeaiea
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, a yaeyaony n?aaenoaii, i?eaiii aai
inouanoaeaiey.

Oae, neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio eae naiinoiyoaeueiia neaaenoaaiiia
aeaenoaea ii naiae nouiinoe, oeaeyi, caaea/ai ioee/aaony io ae?oaeo
neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee. Aiaeec neaaenoaaiiiai iniio?a e neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa e eo n?aaiaiea iicaieytho naeaeaoue auaiae i ?acee/ee yoeo
i?ioeanniuo aeaenoaee:

1) Ianoaiiaea eee eiua ianoiyoaeuenoaa eaeiai-eeai niauoey i?e iniio?a
enneaaeothony a ia?aiia/aeueiii ninoiyiee. Oae, I.A. Naeeaaiia e A.E.
Oa?aaeeia oeacuaatho, /oi a oiaea iniio?a iaaeeaaeeo i?eiyoue ana
iaiaoiaeeiua ia?u i?aaeinoi?iaeiinoe, /oiau ia oie/oiaeeoue neaaeu e
ia eciaieoue ianoaiiaeo[41, c. 23]. I?e i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa yoa ianoaiiaea enneooaaiii aini?iecaiaeeoueny.

2) Iniio? yaeyaony, eae i?aaeei, ia?aiia/aeueiui neaaenoaaiiui
aeaenoaeai e ia anaaaea iiaoi?eiui. Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio aea ia
oieueei iiaeao, ii e aeieaeai auoue iaiaeiie?aoii iiaoi?ai e iau/ii
i?iaiaeeony iinea ae?oaeo i?ioeannoaeueiuo aeaenoaee – aeey i?iaa?ee
e ooi/iaiey eo ?acoeueoaoia.

3) I?e i?iecaiaenoaa iniio?a iaoa aini?eyoea iai?aaeaii ia ?acee/iua
iaoa?eaeueiua iauaeou, eiathuea eee iiaouea eiaoue cia/aiea aeey
onoaiiaeaiey ianoiyoaeuenoa, aoiaeyueo a i?aaeiao aeieacuaaiey ii aeaeo.
A oiaea yenia?eiaioa iu aini?eieiaai ii?aaeaeaiiua iiuoiua aeaenoaey e
oeene?oai eo ?acoeueoaou, i?e/ai yoe ?acoeueoaou ia anaaaea iinyo
iaoa?eaeueiue oa?aeoa? (iai?eia?, i?e ii?aaeaeaiee aiciiaeiinoe neuoaoue
caoe auno?aea).

4) I?e iniio?a neaaeiaaoaeue anaaaea eiaao aeaei n i?aaeiaoaie a oii
aeaea, a eaeii ii eo iaia?oaeee. I?iecaiaey aea neaaenoaaiiue
yenia?eiaio, neaaeiaaoaeue aeiaieueii /anoi eniieuecoao ae?oaea
i?aaeiaou, eeoue aiaeiae/iua oai, eioi?uie iieueciaaeny i?anooiiee, eee
oai, eioi?ua auee iauaeoaie i?anooiiuo iinyaaoaeuenoa.

5) Ai a?aiy iniio?a oaeaea iiaoo niaa?oaoueny ?acee/iua iiuoiua
aeaenoaey, iau/ii aeey i?iaa?ee eaeiai-eeai /anoiiai ianoiyoaeuenoaa
(iai?eia?, ioe?uaaaony ee ieii eiiiaou). Ii iiaeiaiua aeaenoaey a oiaea
iniio?a niaa?oathony eeoue oiaaea, eiaaea iie iinyo ianeiaeiue oa?aeoa?.
Anee aea o?aaoaony eneonnoaaiiia aini?iecaaaeaiea ianoiyoaeuenoa
i?iaa?yaiiai niauoey, oi aicieeaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue a neaaenoaaiiii
yenia?eiaioa, eae a naiinoiyoaeueiii neaaenoaaiiii aeaenoaee.

A aeaenoaee i?aaiia i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai ?anneaaeiaaiey aua eiatho ianoi e
neo/ae iiaeiaiu yenia?oecu neaaenoaaiiui yenia?eiaioii. I?e
i?iecaiaenoaa iaeioi?uo aeaeia yenia?oec oaeaea niaa?oathony iiuoiua
aeaenoaey. Eiiaaea ia?aae yenia?oaie noaayony aii?inu, aiaeiae/iua oai,
eioi?ua ?ac?aoathony a oiaea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa (iai?eia?,
iiaee ee i?iecieoe eaeia-eeai yaeaiea i?e ii?aaeaeaiiuo
ianoiyoaeuenoaao). Iaee/ea yoeo noiaeiuo i?eciaeia naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i
iaiaoiaeeiinoe /aoeiai ?aca?aie/aiey iacaaiiuo neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee:

1) Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio neaaeiaaoaeue i?iaiaeeo nai, i?e/ai aeey
aeinoeaeaiey iinoaaeaiiuo ia?aae yenia?eiaioii oeaeae, eae i?aaeei, ia
o?aaoaony eiaoue eaeiai-eeai niaoeeaeueiiai ciaiey. Yenia?oeco
i?iecaiaeeo eeoei, iacia/aiiia aeey yoiai iinoaiiaeaieai neaaeiaaoaey e
iaeaaeathuaa niaoeeaeueiuie iiciaieyie a iaoea, oaoieea, eneonnoaa eee
?aianea (No.72 OIE ?anioaeeee Aaea?nue).

2) A oiaea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa neaaeiaaoaeue ee/ii aini?eieiaao
oaeou, naaaeaiey eioi?ua io?aaeathony a i?ioieiea aeaiiiai
neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey. E yoio i?ioieie yaeyaony aeieacaoaeuenoaii ii
aeaeo. Oaeou, onoaiiaeaiiua i?e auiieiaiee yenia?oiuo enneaaeiaaiee,
neaaeiaaoaeue aini?eieiaao iiin?aaeiaaiii, iineieueeo iie niaea?aeaony a
caeeth/aiee yenia?oa, yaeythueiny ae?oaei aeaeii aeieacaoaeuenoa.

3) Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio aunooiaao a ea/anoaa naiinoiyoaeueiiai
i?ioeannoaeueiiai aeaenoaey, e aai ?acoeueoaou eiatho
aeieacaoaeuenoaaiiia cia/aiea. I?e i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?oecu, iiuou – yoi
eeoue iaeei ec yoaiia, eo aeaiiua ia yaeythony ?acoeueoaoaie anaai
yenia?oiiai enneaaeiaaiey e iiyoiio aeieacaoaeuenoaii ii aeaeo auoue ia
iiaoo. Aeieacaoaeuenoaii neoaeeo caeeth/aiea yenia?oa, aaea eceaaathony
auaiaeu, e eioi?ui ii i?eoae ii ieii/aiee anaai enneaaeiaaiey.

Aeecinoue neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa e i?aaeuyaeaieth aeey iiiciaiey
oaeaea i?eaiaeeo eiiaaea ia i?aeoeea e niaoaieth yoeo niaa?oaiii
?acee/iuo ii i?e?iaea neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee. Ioee/ea neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa io i?aaeuyaeaiey aeey iiiciaiey a neaaeothuai.
Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio neoaeeo n?aaenoaii i?iaa?ee aiciiaeiinoe eee
iaaiciiaeiinoe niaa?oaiey eieeaeoeaiuo aeaenoaee a ii?aaeaeaiiuo
oneiaeyo e ii?aaeaeaiiui ia?acii, i?e /ai aeieacaoaeuenoaaiiia cia/aiea
eiatho ?acoeueoaou iiuoiuo aeaenoaee. Nouiinoue aea i?aaeuyaeaiey aeey
iiiciaiey caeeth/aaony a ae?oaii: iii yaeyaony n?aaenoaii
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie eaeaioeoeeaoeee eeoea eee i?aaeiaoa.
Aeieacaoaeuenoaaiiia cia/aiea eiaao ?acoeueoao eaeaioeoeeaoeee.

Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ioee/aaony io oaeiai neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey,
eae i?iaa?ea iieacaiee ia ianoa. I?e n?aaiaiee neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa n i?iaa?eie iieacaiee ia ianoa iu aeaeei, /oi o ieo anoue
iauay oeaeue – i?iaa?ea e ooi/iaiea aeaiiuo, eiathueo cia/aiea aeey
aeaea. Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio oaeaea aeiaieueii /anoi inouanoaeyaony
ii i?eauoee ia ii?aaeaeaiiia ianoi, eiiaaea iaeeiaeia e e?oa o/anoieeia
?anniao?eaaaiuo neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee. Ii a oiaea a?aiy iaaeaeo ieie
iaaethaeathony aeoaieea ?acee/ey.

I?iaiaey neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio, iu i?iaa?yai aiciiaeiinoue eee
iaaiciiaeiinoue niaa?oaiey eaeeo-eeai aeaenoaee a ii?aaeaeaiiuo oneiaeyo
e ii?aaeaeaiiui ia?acii. Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio anaaaea nii?yaeai n
i?iecaiaenoaii iiuoiuo aeaenoaee. I?e i?iaa?ea iieacaiee ia ianoa
niiinoaaeythony aeaiiua ?aiaa iieacaiey eeoea (eeoe) n oaeoe/aneie
ianoaiiaeie a ii?aaeaeaiiii ianoa. Neaaeiaaoaeue, eae i?aaeei, ieeaeeo
iiuoia ia i?iaiaeeo, a eeoue oeene?oao a i?ioieiea oi, ia /oi ia?auaao
aai aieiaiea eeoei, /uee iieacaiey i?iaa?ythony, e oi, /oi eiaao
cia/aiea aeey aeaea. I?e/ai, anee neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio iiaeao auoue
i?iecaaaeai e a ionoonoaea ?aiaa aeii?ioaiiuo eeoe, oi aeey i?iaa?ee
iieacaiee ia ianoa iaycaoaeueii i?enoonoaea eeoea, iieacaiey eioi?iai
i?iaa?ythony.

1.2 Oeaee neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa

Aeey ii?aaeaeaiey ?iee e ianoa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa a iauae
nenoaia neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee iaiaoiaeeii onoaiiaeoue aai oeaee.
Aii?in i oeaeyo neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa aei neo ii? iaeei ec naiuo
nii?iuo a th?eaee/aneie eeoa?aoo?a. Oae, I.E. Aoeianeay [45, n.4]
auaeaeyea neaaeothuea oeaee neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa:

1) i?iaa?ea eiathueony aeieacaoaeuenoa;

2) iieo/aiea iiauo aeieacaoaeuenoa;

3) i?iaa?ea oao eee eiuo i?aaeiieiaeaiee, aicieeoeo o neaaeiaaoaey a
nayce n ?anneaaeoaiui aeaeii.

?.N. Aaeeei e oeaeyi neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ioiineo:

a) i?iaa?eo e eeethno?aoeeth nia?aiiuo ii aeaeo aeieacaoaeuenoa;

a) i?iaa?eo e ioeaieo neaaenoaaiiuo aa?nee;

a) onoaiiaeaiea i?e/ei e oneiaee, niinianoaothueo i?anooieaieth;

a) iieo/aiea iiauo aeieacaoaeuenoa [ , n.45].

A ?aaioao ae?oaeo aaoi?ia iacaaiiua oeaee aa?uee?othony ii-?aciiio,
ii inoathony i?aaeieie [ , n. 14]

A.ss. Eieaeei aiiaua n/eoaao oeaeueth neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa
– auyniaiey iauaeoeaiie aiciiaeiinoe nouanoaaiiiai aeey aeaea
ianoiyoaeuenoaa [ , c. 321]. O.A. Aeacu?ei e A.I. E?oaeeeia
iacuaatho a ea/anoaa oeaeae neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa i?iaa?eo
eiathueony aeieacaoaeuenoa e i?iaa?eo neaaenoaaiiuo aa?nee [ , c.
321]. A /.1 co. 182 OIE ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue i?yii oeacuaaaony, /oi
oeaeyie neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa yaeythony i?iaa?ea e ooi/iaiea
aeaiiuo, eiathueo cia/aiea aeey aeaea, o.a. ia?aay oeaeue – i?iaa?ea
aeaiiuo, eiathueo cia/aiea aeey aeaea, e aoi?ay – eo ooi/iaiea. I?e /ai
iiiyoea oaeeo aeaiiuo oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiue caeii ia ?ane?uaaao. E
oaeei aeaiiui iiaeii ioianoe ia oieueei aeieacaoaeuenoaa, ii e
ae?oaea aeaiiua, iieo/aiiua a ?acoeueoaoa, iai?eia?,
iia?aoeaii-?icuneiie aeayoaeueiinoe. I?aau a nayce n yoei O.A. Aeacu?ei
e A.I. E?oaeeeia, eioi?ua oeacuaatho, /oi aeaiiua, aeiauoua iia?aoeaiui
iooai e i?iaa?yaiua iin?aaenoaii neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, iiaoo
aunooiaoue oieueei a ea/anoaa aa?nee neaaeiaaoaey. Aianoa n oai,
?aca?aie/aiea oeaeae neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ia i?iaa?eo
aeieacaoaeuenoa, neaaenoaaiiuo aa?nee, i?aaeeiaeaiiia oeacaiiuie
aaoi?aie, aucuaaao aic?aaeaiey. Ii iiaieth I.E. AEoeiaie e A.I. AEoeiaa
oaeia aeaeaiea ia eiaao aaeeiiai iniiaaiey, iineieueeo e i?e i?iaa?ea
aeieacaoaeuenoa iiaoo i?iaa?youeny neaaenoaaiiua aa?nee e iaiai?io [ ,
n. 11]. Anee n/eoaoue, /oi iaeiie ec oeaeae neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa
neoaeeo i?iaa?ea aa?nee, oi ae?oaoth oeaeueth yenia?eiaioa auei au
ni?aaaaeeeaaa iacaaoue i?iaa?eie iieacaiee caeioa?aniaaiiuo eeoe. Eiaiii
oiaaea oaeia auaeaeaiea oeaeae neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa aoaeao
iino?iaii ii aaeeiiio iniiaaieth e i?eioeeio, oae eae neaaeiaaoaeue i?e
i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa i?iaa?yao eeai /uee-oi
iieacaiey, eeai naie i?aaeeiaeaiey, aa?nee, auaeaeiooua ei ia iniiaa
eiathueony aeaiiuo.

A nayce n eceiaeaiiui I.E. AEoeiaa e A.I. AEoeia i?aaeeaaatho
auaeaeeoue e ii?aaeaeeoue neaaeothuea oeaee yenia?eiaioa

1) I?iaa?ea e ooi/iaiea aeaiiuo, eiathueo cia/aiea aeey aeaea, e
eioi?ui, a naith i/a?aaeue, ioiinyony:

a) i?iaa?ea iieacaiee caeioa?aniaaiiuo eeoe (iaaeiyaiiai,
iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iioa?iaaoaai) e naeaeaoaeae;

a) i?iaa?ea neaaenoaaiiuo aa?nee, i?aaeiieiaeaiee, aicieeoeo ia iniiaa
eiathueony a aeaea aeieacaoaeuenoa eee eiuo aeaiiuo, iieo/aiiuo a
?acoeueoaoa iia?aoeaii-?icuneiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

2) Iieo/aiea iiauo aeieacaoaeuenoa, io?aaeaiiuo a i?ioieiea
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, iineieueeo caeii ioiineo aai e /eneo
naiinoiyoaeueiuo enoi/ieeia aeieacaoaeuenoa (no.63 e no.82 OIE
?anioaeeee Aaea?onue). Iiaeii niaeaneoueny e n ?.N. Aaeeeiui , eioi?ue e
oeaeyi neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ioiineo onoaiiaeaiea i?e/ei e
oneiaee, niinianoaiaaaoeo niaa?oaieth i?anooieaiee [ , n.45]. Iaeiaei
yoa caaea/a iineo oaeaea i?iecaiaeiue, a ia aeaaiue oa?aeoa?. A
niioaaonoaee ni no.61 OIE ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue i?e/eiu e oneiaey,
niinianoaiaaaoea niaa?oaieth i?anooieaiey, aoiaeyo a e?oa
ianoiyoaeuenoa, iiaeeaaeaueo aeieacuaaieth ii aeaeo. Onoaiiaeaiea
oaeeo ianoiyoaeuenoa – iauay oeaeue anao neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee,
aeinoeaeaieth eioi?ie e niinianoaoao inouanoaeaiea niaoeeoe/iuo caaea/,
i?enoueo oieueei neaaenoaaiiiio yenia?eiaioo[ , n. 12 ].

Aeaaa II. E?eieiaeenoe/aneay eeanneoeeaoeey neaaenoaaiiiai

yenia?eiaioa

Auaeaeaiea aeaeia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa eiaao ia oieueei /enoi
iao/iia, ii e i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea, oae eae iicaieyao
aeeooa?aioee?iaaoue oaeoe/aneea e iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii aai
i?iaaaeaieth. Aeaenoaothuaa oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiia caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai
neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ia aeaeu ia aeaeeo . A th?eaee/aneie
eeoa?aoo?a iaiaeiie?aoii i?aaei?eieiaeenue iiiuoee auaeaeaiey ?acee/iuo
aeaeia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa.

Oae, I.E. Aoeianeay n/eoaea oeaeaniia?aciui auaeaeeoue aeaeu
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa a caaeneiinoe io onoaiaaeaiey:

1) aiciiaeiinoe /oi-oi neuoaoue;

2) aiciiaeiinoe /oi-oi aeaeaoue ;

3) aiciiaeiinoe niaa?oeoue eaeia-eeai aeaenoaea ;

4) aiciiaeiinoe niaa?oeoue eaeea-eeai aeaenoaey ca
ii?aaeaeaiiia a?aiy;

5) niaoeeaeueiuo eee i?ioanneiiaeueiua iaauee eiie?aoiiai
eeoea ;

6) eaeei ia?acii i?iecioei niauoea eee ioaeaeueiua aai
ianoiyoaeuenoaa [ , n. 53 ].

I.E. AEoeiaa e A.I. AEoeia n/eoatho, /oi aeaiiay eeanneoeeaoeey iineo
aeiaieueii oneiaiue oa?aeoa?, iineieueeo naiaeeony e iaoaie/aneiio
ia?a/ith iaeaieaa /anoi ano?a/athueony ia i?aeoeea neaaenoaaiiuo
yenia?eiaioia e a naiae iniiaa ia eiaao eaeiai-oi aaeeiiai iniiaaiey
eeanneoeeaoeee [ , n. 16 ].

?.N. Aaeeei ii iiaiaeo aeaiiie eeanneoeeaoeee ienae, /oi “caeanue eaeao
ia auaeaeaiea aeaeia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, a i?eaiaeeony
ia?a/aiue neo/aaa eniieueciaaiey neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ”[ , n.
16]. A neaaeiaaoaeueii, en/a?iuaathuee ia?a/aiue oaeeo neo/aaa aeaoue
ieeoi ia a ninoiyiee, o.e. aaneiia/ii ?aciiia?aciu ianoiyoaeuenoaa oao
aeae, ii eioi?ui iiaoo i?iaiaeeoueny neaaenoaaiiua yenia?eiaiou. Eae
ieoao ii aeaeueoa, ?ac?aaioea eeanneoeeaoeee aeaeia neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa aeieaeia i?iecaiaeeoueny enoiaey ec aai oeaeae. A nayce n
yoei ii auaeaeyao neaaeothuea aeaeu neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa:

1) Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ii onoaiiaeaieth aiciiaeiinoe niaa?oaiey
eaeiai-eeai aeaenoaey .

I?eia?ii yoiai aeaea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa aoaeoo yenia?eiaio,
eioi?ui i?iaa?yaony aiciiaeiinoue i?iieeiooue /a?ac ii?aaeaeaiiia
ioaa?noea eee auianoe /a?ac yoi ioaa?noea ii?aaeaeaiiue i?aaeiao,
i?iaoaoue ca aeaiiue io?acie a?aiaie eaeia-oi ?annoiyiea, auiieieoue oai
eee eiui eeoeii ii?aaeaeaiioth ?aaioo, caaeaiea e o.i.

Oae, iai?eia?, a yiaa?a 1972 a. a eanna oi?aaeaiey “Caiiey?ueaaac” auea
niaa?oaia e?aaea aeaiaa a iniai e?oiiii ?acia?a. I?e iiio?a ianoa
i?ienoanoaey auei onoaiiaeaii, /oi eanna iaoiaeeoueny ia ia?aii yoaaea
iyoeyoaaeiiai caeaiey n i?aaie noi?iiu io aanoeathey. Iaa aeaa?e
neaaeia aceiia e iia?aaeaeaiee caii?a ia eiaee. Io?aiiay neaiaeecaoeey
aeiee?oao aeaa?ue naiie eannu, ieii, oaeaoii e ieioei aeey auaea/e
aeaiaa. Ia iieo ei?eaei?a n i?aaie noi?iiu eaaeeo noiiea /enouo
eaioeaey?neeo aeaieia aunioie 55 ni. Iaae noiieie ia aunioa 2 i 25 ni
iaoiaeeony yeaeo?e/aneee caiiie a?iieiai aiy n aeaoiy eieiaeaie, eioi?ua
niyou e eaaeao ia iieo. Ia ieia eannu eiaaony iaoaeee/aneay ?aoaoea,
aieco ieia n i?aaie noi?iiu – o?aioaa oe?eiie 1i 10 ni e aunioie 50 ni,
eioi?ay ioi?uoa ia?oaeo. Iaae ieiii n i?aaie noi?iiu iaoiaeeoueny
?ani?aaeaeeoaeueiay ei?iaea neaiaeecaoeee n iiaeeeth/aiiuie e iae
/aou?ueiy ia?aie i?iaiaeia. E iaeiiio ec i?iaiaeia iiaeniaaeeiaia
i?iaieiea aac ecieyoeee, aoi?ie eiiaoe eioi?ie aue naiaiaeai. I?e
iiaeniaaeeiaiee aai e ae?oaie ia?a i?iaiaeia ia ioeueo
oeaio?aeeciaaiiiai iaaethaeaiey iinooiaao neaiae ec eannu.

A oiaeoa io?aiiie neaiaeecaoeee, eaeouai ia ieii aeey auaea/e aeaiaa,
iaeei o/anoie i?iaiaea iaieai; ecieyoeey aai iieaaeaia, ia?aiu/ea
ionoonoaoao. Iaae aoiaeiie aeaa?ueth iiiauaiey eannu i?ioiaeyo i?iaiaea
neaiaeecaoeee. Iaae einyeii aeaa?e a iaeiii ianoa ionoonoaoao ecieyoeey
i?iaiaea, iaieaiiua ianoa niaaeaiaiu ia?aiu/eie. Ia iieo aicea ieeioona
iaia?oaeaiu no?oaeea i?ic?a/iie ecieyoeee e eacaea aaciianiie a?eoau.

Aii?inu i oii, iiaeao ee /aeiaae, noaa ia eeio aeaieia, aeinoaoue aei
caiiea a?iieiai aiy e n iiiiuueth ioaa?oee niyoue n iaai eieiaee;
?aaioaao ee neaiaeecaoeey onoaiiaeaiiay ia einyeii aeaa?e, i?e iaee/ee
ia?aiu/ee ia i?iaiaeao; ?aaioaao ee iia aac ia?aiu/ee; iiaeao ee /aeiaae
i?ieacoue /a?ac o?aioao ieia, ?aoaii auei auynieoue iooai i?iaaaeaiey
?yaea neaaenoaaiiuo yenia?eiaioia.

Yenia?eiaioaie auei onoaiiaeaii, /oi, anoaa ia eeio aeaieia, /aeiaae
n?aaeiaai ?inoa niia au i?iecaiaeeoue ii?aaeaeaiiua aeaenoaey ni
caiieii; i?e iaee/ee ia?aiu/ee ia i?iaiaeao neaiaeecaoeee aeaa?ue
inoaaony ia caaeiee?iaaiiie, i?e ioe?uaaiee aa neaiae ia ioeueo ia
iinooiaao; anee niyoue ia?aiu/eo n i?iaiaeia, aeaa?ue aeiee?oaony,
neaiaeecaoeey ?aaioaao ii?iaeueii, e i?e ioe?uaaiee aeaa?e ia ioeueo
iinooiaao neaiae; /aeiaae n?aaeiaai oaeineiaeaiey iiaeao i?ieacoue /a?ac
o?aioao.

Ia iniiaa iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia neaaenoaaiiuo yenia?eiaioia auea
auaeaeiooa aa?ney i oii, /oi i?anooiiee inoaeny ii ieii/aiee ?aai/aai
aeiy a aaeieieno?aoeaiii caeaiee “Caiiey?ueaaac” ionoonoaeai aaooa?a.e
ioooaea i?iiee a iiiauaiea eannu, iieuecoynue a?aiaiiui ionoonoaeai
aaooa?a [ , n. 26].

Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ii onoaiiaeaieth aiciiaeiinoe iaaethaeaiey,
aini?eyoey eaeiai-eeai oaeoa, yaeaiey.

E yoiio aeaeo ioiinyony yenia?eiaiou, i?aaei?eieiaaiua ia i?aaeiao
i?iaa?ee aeaeeiinoe, neuoeiinoe e o.i.

A eiioea naioya?y 1962 aiaea a i?ieo?aoo?o Eai/aoneie iaeanoe iinooieei
cayaeaiea aeeoaeueieoeu ai?iaea Iao?iiaaeianea-Eai/aoneiai Aiaaeeiaie .
A iai auneacuaaeinue i?aaeiieiaeaiea, /oi aa ninaae ii eaa?oe?a Oeiioae
Caa?aaaeueiue, eioi?ue cia/eoueny en/acioaoei, ia naiii aeaea oaeo naiae
aeaiie Oa?eoiiiaie e nuiii io ia?aiai a?aea Ieeieaai.Auee i?iaaaeaiu
aeii?inu ninaaeae Oa?eoiiiaie.

Naeaeaoaeueieoea Aiaaeeiaa iieacaea, /oi n 1956 aiaea i?iaeeaaea a
iaeiii aeiia n Oa?eoiiiaie e Caa?aaaeueiui. Iaeiaaeaeu iia oneuoaea
/a?ac noaio, /oi iaaeaeo Caa?aaaeueiui e Oa?eoiiiaie aiciee neaiaeae
ec-ca naeaeaiiiai ath aai?oa. Oa?eoiiiaa oaa?yea Caa?aaaeueiiai, /oi
caaa?aiaiaea io iaai. Caa?aaaeueiue aea oee/ae aa a niaeeoaeuenoaa n
Ieeieaai e oioae auaiaoue aai ec aeiia. Ia neaaeothuee aeaiue, i?eia?ii
a 23 /ana Aiaaeeiao iicaaea e naaa a eiiiaoo ae?oaay ninaaeea
Oa?eoiiiaie – Oaeaea?neay, neacaa, /oi o Oa?eoiiiauo niiaa neaiaeae.
Nni?a Oa?eoiiiaie n Caa?aaaeueiui nii?iaiaeaeaeanue ae?aeie, e, oioy o
ieo a eiiiaoa aue aeeth/ai ia iieioth iiuiinoue ?aaeeii?eaiiee,
Aiaaeeiaa e Oaeaea?neay /a?ac noaio neuoaee, eae Oa?eoiiiaa i?ea?iceea:
” ss ono?ith, /oi ou aieueoa ia aoaeaoue iaiy o?iaaoue”. Iinea yoiai
?acaeaeenue e?eee Caa?aaaeueiiai i iiuaaea. Iineieueeo e?eee
?acaeaaaeenue oieueei n iaeiiai ianoa, Aiaaeeiaa e Oaeaea?neay
i?aaeiieiaeeee, /oi Caa?aaaeueiue naycai. Caoai e?eee ia?aoee a noiiu,
eioi?ua noaiiaeeenue ana oeoa e oeoa, a iioii e nianai
i?ae?aoeeenue.Iinea yoiai Aiaaeeiaa ia aeaeaea Caa?aaaeueiiai.

Ninaaeea Oa?eoiiiaie – Oaeaea?neay ia aeii?ina iiaeoaa?aeeea iieacaiey
Aiaaeeiaie.

I?iaaaeaiiua neaaenoaaiiua yenia?eiaiou iiaeoaa?aeeee, /oi ?acaiai?iay
?a/ue Oa?eoiiiaie oi?ioi neuoia a eiiiaoao, aaea i?iaeeaaee ninaaee, /oi
oeacuaaei ia aeinoiaa?iinoue eo iieacaiee i iineaaeiai neaiaeaea iaaeaeo
Oa?eoiiiaie e Caa?aaaeueiui [ , c.19].

Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ii onoaiiaeaieth aiciiaeiinoe nouanoaiaaiey
eaeiai-eeai yaeaiey.

I?e yoii ?a/ue eaeao ia i niaa?oaiee o/anoieeaie yenia?eiaioa eaeeo-oi
niciaoaeueiuo aeaenoaee, ia i aiciiaeiinoe aini?eyoey eiathuaai ianoi
yaeaiey. ?aoaaony aii?in eiaiii i oii, iiaei ee nouanoaiaaoue
ii?aaeaeaiiia yaeaiea, iia ee eiaoue ianoi aeaiiue oaeo.

Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ii onoaiiaeaieth iaoaiecia niauoey a oeaeii
eee io?eoeaoaeueiuo aai aeaoaeae.

Yoio aeae neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa iaeaieaa oanii naycai n
?aeiino?oeoeeae ianoaiiaee niauoey e iau/ii o?aaoao nicaeaiey oneiaee,
noiaeiuo n oaie, a eioi?uo eiaei ianoi ?anneaaeoaiia i?ienoanoaea

A i?ioeanna iiaeiaiiai neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa auyniyaony
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue oa/aiey niauoey, i?iaa?yaony, iiaei ee iii
i?ienoiaeeoue eiaiii oaeei ia?acii, eae iienuaaao aai naeaeaoaeue eee
iaaeiyaiue e o.i.

Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ii onoaiiaeaieth i?ioeanna ia?aciaaiey neaaeia
niauoey , iaia?oaeaiiuo a oiaea ?anneaaeiaaiey .

Iiaeiaiua yenia?eiaiou n?aaieoaeueii ?aaeei ano?a/athony a i?aeoeea e
i?iaiaeyony a oao neo/ayo, eiaaea aicieeaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?iaa?eoue
eee onoaiiaeoue, eaeei ia?acii aicieeee neaaeu niauoey, iaia?oaeaiiua
i?e i?iecaiaenoaa eiuo neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee. Yoio aeae yenia?eiaioa
iaeaieaa aeecie e?eieiaeenoe/aneie yenia?oeca. Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi
iaeioi?ua aaoi?u n/eoatho , /oi yenia?eiaio ii onoaiiaeaieth i?ioeanna
ia?aciaaiey neaaeia niauoey, iaia?oaeaiiuo a oiaea ?anneaaeiaaiey,
iaeuecy aeeth/aoue a /enei aeaeia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa eae
naiinoiyoaeueiiai neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey. Naith oi/eo c?aiey iie
iainiiauaatho oai, /oi noiaeiua neaaeu iiaoo auoue iieo/aiu a
?acoeueoaoa aicaeaenoaey ia oio eee eiie i?aaeiao ?acee/iuo iauaeoia
(i?aaeiaoia). Iiyoiio, /oiau ia aeiionoeoue ioeaee, “i?ioeann
ia?aciaaiey neaaeia niauoey” neaaeoao onoaiaaeeaaoue iooai i?iecaiaenoaa
yenia?oecu [ , n. 24].

Iai i?aaenoaaeyaony, /oi auei au ia i?aaeeueii io?eoeaoue
i?aaiia?iinoue oaeiai neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa. Ia aucuaaao
niiiaiey oio oaeo, /oi ?aoaiea aii?ina i oiaeaeanoaa i?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe
e oiio niaoeeaeueiuo ciaiee – yoi eiiiaoaioeey yenia?oa. Ii ?acaa ai
anao neo/ayo ioaeiu niaoeeaeueiua yenia?oiua ciaiey, /oiau iainiiaaoue,
iai?eia?, ?icuneioth aa?neth, aace?othuothny ia oii, niaa?oaiii
i/aaeaeii onoaiiaeaiiii yenia?eiaioiui iooai oaeoa, /oi aeaiiia i?oaeea,
iaia?oaeaiiia ia ianoa i?ienoanoaey iiaei inoaaeoue iiaeiaiue neaae e
/oi, neaaeiaaoaeueii, iaaei eneaoue /aeiaaea, aai i?eiaiyaoaai. A
aeaiiii neo/aa ia i?ienoiaeeo iiaeiaiu yenia?oecu yenia?eiaioii. Iieo/ay
yenia?eiaioaeueiue neaae, iu ia ?aoaai aii?in ia eaeaioeoeeaoeee
i?oaeey. Iu, ai-ia?auo, ii?aaeaeyai, caneoaeeaaao ee aeaiiue iauaeo
yenia?oiiai enneaaeiaaiey, a yoi ooieoeey neaaeiaaoaey, a ai-aoi?uo,
i?iaa?yai aicieeooth o ian neaaenoaaiioth aa?neth, /oi oae aea,
ianiiiaiii, eaaeeo a i?aaeaeao eiiiaoaioeee neaaeiaaoaey.

E?iia oiai, ?anniao?eaaaiue aeae neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ia
en/a?iuaaaony eeoue yenia?eiaioii ii onoaiiaeaieth i?oaeey, eioi?ui
inoaaeai neaae, e yoiio aeaeo ioiinyony oaeaea e yenia?eiaiou, eioi?uie
onoaiaaeeaathony, eae iiaee ia?aciaaoueny oa eee eiua eciaiaiey ia
iauaeoao eee iiaee ee ia?aciaaoueny oaeea eciaiaiey a ?acoeueoaoa
ii?aaeaeaiiuo aeaenoaee e o.ae.

Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ii ii?aaeaeaieth iaee/ey eee ionoonoaey
i?ioanneiiaeueiuo eee i?anooiiuo iaaueia .

Iiaeiaiua yenia?eiaiou i?iaiaeyo, iai?eia?, i?e ?anneaaeiaaiee oaieiaiuo
aeae i oaeueoeaiiiiaoie/anoaa, eiaaea caaea?aeaiiue nauo/ee oaeueoeauo
aeaiaa cayaeyao, /oi nio/anoieeia o iaai ia auei, /oi ii ia oieueei
nauaae, ii e nai ecaioiaeye oaeueoeaua aeaiueae. A oaeeo neo/ayo
iaaeiyaiiio a i?enoonoaee iiiyouo iau/ii i?aaeeaaaaony a
yenia?eiaioaeueiii ii?yaeea ecaioiaeoue eaeie-eeai yeaiaio ia/aoiie
oi?iu (/anoue eeeoa oaeueoeauo aeaiaa e o.i.). Yoei yenia?eiaioii
i?iaa?yaony iaee/ea o iaai iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey ecaioiaeaiey eeeoa
i?ioanneiiaeueiuo iaaueia.

Oi/ea c?aiey ?.N. Aaeeeia ii ?anniao?eaaaiiio aii?ino iaeaieaa
?ani?ino?aiaia a eeoa?aoo?a. Iiiaea aaoi?u, oaeaea iuoaynue auaeaeeoue a
naieo ?aaioao aeaeu neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, i?aeoe/anee
eniieuecotho yoo eeanneoeeaoeeth, iacia/eoaeueii aa?uee?oy aa.

Oae , iai?eia? , O.N. Aeacu?ei e A.I . E?oaeeeia ec eeanneoeeaoeee
i?aaeeiaeaiiie ?.N. Aaeeeiui, eneeth/atho yenia?eiaio ii
onoaiiaeaieth i?ioeanna ia?aciaaiey neaaeia e auaeaeytho oaeie aeae
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa eae yenia?eiaio ii onoaiiaeaieth a?aiaie
,eioi?ia iaiaoiaeeii cao?aoeoue ia niaa?oaiea oao eee eiuo aeaenoaee [ ,
n. 25 ]. Auaeaeaiea iiaeiaiuo yenia?eiaioia a naiinoiyoaeueiue aeae iie
iauyniytho oai, /oi eiiaaea iao niiiaiee a aiciiaeiinoe niaa?oaiey
eaeeo-eeai aeaenoaee, niiiaiey aucuaaao eeoue aiciiaeiinoue eo
niaa?oaiey a oa/aiea ii?aaeaeaiiiai a?aiaie. N iiiiuueth yoiai aeaea
iiaeao auoue onoaiiaeaia eae iauaeoeaiay, oae e noauaeoeaiay
aiciiaeiinoue ca ii?aaeaeaiiia a?aiy niaa?oeoue eaeea-eeai aeaenoaey.

Iauaaeeiyy iaeioi?ua aeaeu neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, i?aaeeiaeaiiua
?.N. Aaeeeiui, E.I. Eocaei i?aaeeaaaao auaeaeyoue o?e aeaea
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa:

Onoaiiaeaiea aiciiaeiinoe niaa?oaiey eaeeo-eeai aeaenoaee, iai?eia?,
aeey onoaiiaeaiey aiciiaeiinoe i?ieoe, i?iaoaoue ia aaoiiaoeia
ii?aaeaeaiiia ?annoiyiea ca eiie?aoiue i?iiaaeooie a?aiaie. E
yenia?eiaioai yoiai aeaea ioiinyony oaeaea e i?iaa?ea i?ioanneiiaeueiuo
e eiuo iaaueia /aeiaaea.

I?iaa?ea aiciiaeiinoe aini?eyoey eaeiai-eeai yaeaiey .

Onoaiiaeaiea iaoaiecia ia?aciaaiey neaaeia [ , n. 25].

Ia oeacuaay iniiaaiey, A.A. Aeoeia e I.Ae. Ianoa?aiei ?acaeaatho ana
neaaenoaaiiua yenia?eiaiou ia aeaa a?oiiu:

1) Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio, a i?ioeanna eioi?iai onoaiaaeeaathony
oaeou, i?iaa?ythony ianoiyoaeuenoaa, i?e/eiiua nayce, ioiinyueany e
iauaaeeoaeneei naaaeaieyi, aeey iiciaiey eioi?uo ia o?aaoaony
niaoeeaeueiuo ciaiee.

2) Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio , a i?ioeanna eioi?iai onoaiaaeeaathony
oaeou , i?iaa?ythony ianoiyoaeuenoaa , i?e/eiiua nayce , ioiinyueany e
iaeanoyi ii?aaeaeaiiuo iaoe [ , n. 196].

Iaeiaei iaeioi?ua aaoi?u, iai?eia? I.E.AEoeiaa e A.I. AEoeia, iieaaatho,
/oi oaeia aeaeaiea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa iaecaaaeii iiaea/ao
niaoaiea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa e noaeaaiie yenia?oecu, oae eae
eniieueciaaiea niaoeeaeueiuo iiciaiee oa?aeoa?ii aeey i?iecaiaenoaa
yenia?oecu [ , n. 17].

A.A. Coeeia auaeaeyao aeaeu neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, enoiaey ec aai
oeaeae, o.a. aa?ao a ea/anoaa iauaai eeanneoeoee?othuaai i?eciaea
oeaeaaoth iai?aaeaiiinoue neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa:

neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ii i?iaa?ea aeaiiuo, eiathueo cia/aiea aeey
aeaea;

neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ii onoaiiaeaieth oaeeo aeaiiuo [ , n. 36 ].

Anee o/anoue, /oi oeaeueth neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa yaeyaony e
iieo/aiea iiauo aeieacaoaeuenoa, oi iiaeii aiai?eoue e i oaeii aeaea,
eae neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ii iieo/aieth iiauo aeieacaoaeuenoa [ , n.
17] .

I.E. AEoeiaa e A.I. AEoeia ioia/atho, /oi ie a iaeiie ec eiathueony a
eeoa?aoo?a eeanneoeeaoeee neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ia
o/eouaathony eiua oaeoi?u, iai?eia?, o/anoea a neaaenoaaiiii
yenia?eiaioa niaoeeaeenoa, caeioa?aniaaiiuo eeoe e naeaeaoaeae, ae?oaeo
o/anoieeia, ia ioeaieaaaony eniieueciaaiea iao/ii-oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa
i?e i?iaaaeaiee yoiai neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey. A nayce n yoei iie
i?aaeeaaatho ?acaeaeeoue ana neaaenoaaiiua yenia?eiaiou ia aeaa a?oiiu:

c o/anoeai niaoeeaeenoa;

aac o/anoey niaoeeaeenoa, o.e. eaaeaeie ec yoeo a?oii naienoaaiiu naie
oaeoe/aneea e i?aaiecaoeeiiiua iniaaiiinoe [ , n. 17].

I.E. AEoeiaa e A.I. AEoeia iiae?acaeaeytho neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ia
aeaeu n o/anoeai:

neaaeiaaoaey e iiiyouo ;

caeioa?aniaaiiuo eeoe (iioa?iaaoaai, iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iaaeiyaiiai);

naeaeaoaey;

caueoieea;

eiuo eeoe.

Eae aeaeii, eeanneoeeaoeey ii aeaiiiio i?eciaeo iineo oneiaiue oa?aeoa?,
o.e. i?e i?iecaiaenoaa iaeiiai neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa iiaoo
iaeiia?aiaiii i?eieiaoue o/anoea e niaoeeaeeno, e iaaeiyaiue, e ae?oaea
eeoea. O/ao yoiai ianoiyoaeuenoaa iicaieyao aeeooa?aioee?iaaoue oaeoeeo
iiuoiuo aeaenoaee. A eaaeaeii ec ia?a/eneaiiuo aeaeia neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa i?ioeannoaeueiua e oaeoe/aneea caaea/e neaaeiaaoaey (eee
eeoea, i?iecaiaeyuaai neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio) aoaeoo ?acee/iu.

Ianiiiaiiue eioa?an i?aaenoaaeyao eeanneoeeaoeey neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa a caaeneiinoe io oaeoi?ia, iineoaeeaoeo iiaiaeii e aai
i?iecaiaenoao. Iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiuie iiaiaeaie, iaoneiaeeaathueie
iaiaoiaeeiinoue eee oeaeaniia?aciinoue i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioaeueiie
i?iaa?ee oao eee eiuo ianoiyoaeuenoa, aeaiiuo,yaeythony:

1) iieacaiey iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iaaeiyaiiai, naeaeaoaey (50%);

2) ?acoeueoaou iniio?a ianoa i?ienoanoaey (40%);

3) ?acoeueoaou iaunea e eiuo neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee (10%) [ , n. 19].

Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio n i?eiaiaieai iao/ii-oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa
nouanoaaiii ioee/aaony io neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa aac eo i?eiaiaiey,
Iaeiaei, eeanneoeoee?iaaoue neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ii yoiio i?eciaeo
iaoeaeaniia?acii, iineieueeo ethaie neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio eae
niaoeeoe/aneia neaaenoaaiiia aeaenoaea aeieaeii auoue i?iaaaeaii n
i?eiaiaieai iao/ii-oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa (oioia?aoe?iaaiea, ecia?aiea,
eeiinuaiea, aeaeaicaienue, ninoaaeaiea noai e o.i.), iaeiaei oaeoeea aai
i?iaaaeaiey a iaieo neo/ayo aoaeao ?acee/iie, E?iia oiai, neaaenoaaiiue
yenia?eiaio n i?eiaiaieai iao/ii-oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa o?aaoao aieueoiai
iauaia iiaeaioiaeoaeueiie ?aaiou neaaeiaaoaey. Aai oneeaiiia
aeieacaoaeuenoaaiiia cia/aiea iiaeao ieacaoue aeeyiea e ia o/anoaothueo
a iai caeioa?aniaaiiuo eeoe (iai?eia?, aeaiiino?aoeey aeaeaicaiene eee
oioia?aoee iaaeiyaiiio, aeathuaio eiaeiua iieacaiey, iinea i?iaaaeaiey
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa iiaeao niinianoaiaaoue oiio, /oi iaaeiyaiue
eciaieo iieacaiey).

Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio iiaeao auoue ia?ae/iui e iiaoi?iui [ , n.
344]. Iiaoi?iue neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio i?iaiaeeony, anee i?e
i?iecaiaenoaa ia?ae/iiai ia auee niaethaeaiu iaiaoiaeeiua
i?ioeannoaeueiua e oaeoe/aneea oneiaey eee aicieeee iainiiaaiiua
niiiaiey a aeinoiaa?iinoe aai ?acoeueoaoia.

A.A. Aeoeia e A.I. Ianoa?aiei i?aaeeaaatho auaeaeeoue oaeea
?aciiaeaeiinoe yenia?eiaioa, eae ineoieiae/aneee, oaeoe/aneee.
Ineoieiae/aneee yenia?eiaio – yoi aiciiaeiinoue i?iaa?ee ii?aaeaeaiiuo
ineoe/aneeo ea/anoa naeaeaoaey, iaaeiyaiiai e o.i.. A ineoieiae/aneii
yenia?eiaioa nouanoaoao aeaa oeaee, iaeia ec ieo aeaao aiciiaeiinoue
auynieoue i?aaeeueiinoue noaeaeaiey /aeiaaea i oaeoao, iaaethaeaaiuo ei.
Ia iniiaa yoiai auaiaea aeinoeaaaony ae?oaay oeaeue – iieo/aiea
naaaeaiee ia ii?aaeaeaiiuo ineoe/aneeo ea/anoaao aeaiiiai eeoea. Iaeiie
ec nouanoaaiiuo iniaaiiinoae oaeiai yenia?eiaioa yaeyaony oi, /oi
caeanue anaaaea i?iaa?ythony ineoe/aneea ea/anoaa eiaiii aeaiiiai
eiie?aoiiai eeoea. ?acee/atho neaaeothuea iniiaiua aeaeu
ineoieiae/aneiai yenia?eiaioa:

ineoieiae/aneee yenia?eiaio, eioi?ui i?iaa?yaony iaee/ea iiauoaiiuo,
iaino?aiiuo niiniaiinoae aini?eyoey. Oaeay i?iaa?ea iaiaoiaeeia, /oiau
oaaaeeoue anao, eoi noaeeeaaaony n aeaiiui naeaeaoaeueneei iieacaieai,
ioeaieaaoue aai, /oi iii aeaenoaeoaeueii i?aaeeueii io?aaeaao eiaaoaa
ianoi niauoea, oaeea iniaaiiinoe aai, eioi?ua ae?oaie ia caiaoeo.

ineoieiae/aneee yenia?eiaio, eioi?ui i?iaa?yaony iaee/ea iniauo iaaueia
o /aeiaaea a auaaaeaiee oaeeo noaeaeaiee ec aini?eiyoiai, eioi?ua
iau/iue /aeiaae naeaeaoue ia a ninoiyiee. Iai?eia?, ioeaii/iua
noaeaeaiey i nei?inoe aeaeaeaiey, i aana ?acee/iuo i?aaeiaoia ( aeaaea
ia iiaeieiay eo) e o.ae.

ineoieiae/aneee yenia?eiaio, eioi?ui i?iaa?yaony niiniaiinoue aeaiiiai
naeaeaoaey a caiiieiaiee niauoee, oaeoia [ ,n.210-246].

I.E. AEoeiaa e A.I. AEoeia [ , n. 21] n/eoatho noaeaeaiey aaoi?ia i
aiciiaeiinoe i?iaaaeaiey ineoieiae/aneiai yenia?eiaioa ia nianai
iainiiaaiiuie ii neaaeothuei i?e/eiai. Ciaiea ineoieiae/aneeo ea/anoa
/aeiaaea, aeathuaai iieacaiey, iaiaoiaeeii anaaaea, eiaaea
onoaiaaeeaaaony aiciiaeiinoue yoiai /aeiaaea aeaeaoue, neuoaoue,
ii?aaeaeyoue i?iiaaeooee a?aiaie. N oaeei aea oniaoii iiaeii auaeaeeoue
a ea/anoaa ?aciiaeaeiinoe neaaenoaaiiue e oeceieiae/aneee iiuo, o.a.
yenia?eiaio ii i?iaa?ea oeceieiae/aneeo ea/anoa ee/iinoe. E iiyoiio iie
iieaaatho, /oi oeaeaniia?aciaa aeey onoaiiaeaiey ineoieiae/aneeo e
oece/aneeo naienoa /aeiaaea a ioaeaeueiuo neo/ayo i?iaiaeeoue eee
noaeaaii-ineoieiae/aneoth, eee noaeaaii-iaaeeoeeineoth yenia?oeco. A oao
aea neooaoeeyo, eiaaea auyniaiea yoeo ea/anoa ia i?aaenoaaeyao iniaie
neiaeiinoe, neaaeiaaoaeue aeieaeai i?iaiaeeoue neaaenoaaiiue
yenia?eiaio, i?e/ai naiue iau/iue (iai?eia?, naeaeaoaeue iieacuaaao, /oi
ii aeaeae eiai-eeai noieueei-oi a?aiaie, neaaeiaaoaeue aeieaeai i?iaanoe
neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ii onoaiiaeaieth aiciiaeiinoe i?aaeeueiiai
ii?aaeaeaiey yoei naeaeaoaeai i?iiaaeooea a?aiaie, ianeieueei ?ac,
iiaoi?yy iiuoiua aeaenoaey).

Oaeoe/aneee yenia?eiaio – yoi niaoeeoe/aneee, ca?aiaa caieaie?iaaiiue
ia?aoiae niaieoiiinoe iia?aoeaiuo aeaenoaee a i?ioeannoaeueii
oeene?oaiia neaaenoaaiiia aeaenoaea – neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio a
?acoeueoaoa onoaiaaeeaaaiuo aeaenoaee i?e/anoiiai e niaa?oaieth
i?anooieaiey eeoe, eioi?ua iiaee auoue niaa?oaiu eie oieueei a
?acoeueoaoa ciaiey ii?aaeaeaiiuo ianoiyoaeuenoa, iieo/aiiuo a oiaea
i?anooiiiai naiai?a aei yenia?eiaioa. Oeaeueth aeaiiiai yenia?eiaioa
yaeyaony caaea?aeaiea e iaeiia?aiaiiia eciaee/aiea i?anooiieea ciaieai
ii?aaeaeaiiie niaieoiiinoe oaeoia.

Auaeaeaiea «oaeoe/aneiai» yenia?eiaioa a ea/anoaa ?aciiaeaeiinoe
neaaenoaaiiiai, ia iao acaeyae, i?aaenoaaeyaony aeinoaoi/ii eioa?aniui e
iaiaoiaeeiui. Oae eae iiaeiaiua yenia?eiaiou inouanoaeythony aeiaieueii
/anoi, ii iie ia iaoiaeyo naiaai i?ioeannoaeueiiai cae?aieaiey, yoi
i?eaiaeeo e oiio, /oi a oiaea ?anneaaeiaaiey aeaea oa?ythony oeaiiua
aeieacaoaeuenoaa, eioi?ua iiaeii auei au caoeene?iaaoue a oii neo/aa,
anee au aeaenoaey ii caaea?aeaieth auee au i?ioeannoaeueii ioi?ieaiu
eae oaeoe/aneee yenia?eiaio.

Iaeiaei a th?eaee/aneie eeoa?aoo?a eiaaony iiaiea, /oi auaeaeaiea oaeie
?aciiaeaeiinoe neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, eae «oaeoe/aneee», ana aea
iaiainiiaaiii [ ,n. 23].

?acee/atho oaeaea ea/anoaaiiue, ecia?eoaeueiue, iuneaiiue yenia?eiaiou [
, n.344].

Ea/anoaaiiue yenia?eiaio eiaao oeaeueth onoaiiaeoue iaee/ea eee
ionoonoaey i?aaeiieaaaaiiai oai?eae yaeaiey.

Ecia?eoaeueiue yenia?eiaio auyaeyao eiee/anoaaiioth ii?aaeaeaiiinoue
eaeiai-eeai naienoaa iauaeoa.

Iuneaiiue yenia?eiaio i?aaenoaaeyao niaie nenoaio iuneaiiuo
i?ioeaaeo?, i?iaiaeeiuo iaae eaeaaeece?iaaiiuie iauaeoaie. Iie
iicaieytho i?iaiice?iaaoue iiaaaeaiea ?acee/iuo iauaeoia, o/anoaothueo a
yenia?eiaioa, oneiaey, ia iaai aeeythuea, aiciiaeiua ?acoeueoaou oaeiai
iiaaaeaiey e niioaaonoaaiii iaia/aoue iooe e niiniau aai ei??aeoe?iaee
ia i?aeoeea (Niio?e noaio ? 1).

Aeaaa III. Oaeoeea iiaeaioiaee neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa

3.1 Noauaeou neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa

Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio inouanoaeyaony ii?aaeaeaiiuie eeoeaie.
Caeiiiaeaoaeueiay ?aaeaiaioaoeey e?oaa o/anoieeia (noauaeoia)
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa iicaieyao aiai?eoue ia iaycaoaeueiuo e
oaeoeueoaoeaiuo – a i?ioeannoaeueiii niunea neiaa – o/anoieeao yoiai
neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey.

A niioaaonoaee ni noaoueae 182 OIE ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue iaycaoaeueiuie
o/anoieeaie yenia?eiaioa yaeyaony neaaeiaaoaeue e iiiyoua. Ae?oaea eeoea
iiaoo i?eiyoue o/anoea a yenia?eiaioa ii oniio?aieth neaaeiaaoaey – yoi
iaaeiyaiue, iiaeic?aaaaiue, iioa?iaaoee, naeaeaoaeue, niaoeeaeeno, a
oaeaea caueoiee. E?iia oiai ,i?e i?iaaaeaiee yenia?eiaioa iiaeao
i?enoonoaiaaoue i?ieo?i?. Iiieii oeacaiiuo eeoe nouanoaotho e ae?oaea
o/anoieee yenia?eiaioa, i eioi?uo ie/aai ia aiai?eony a aeaenoaothuai
Oaieiaii- i?ioeannoaeueiii eiaeaena ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue: a?aaeaeaia,
i?eaeaoaiiua aeey niaa?oaiey eee o/anoey a iiuoiuo aeaenoaeyo,
?aaioieee ieeeoeee, eioi?ua i?enoonoaotho i?e i?iaaaeaiee yenia?eiaioa
aeey ieacaiey eaeie-eeai iiiiue neaaeiaaoaeth, e ae?oaea.

Oeaio?aeueiie oeao?ie n?aaee o/anoieeia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa,
ianiiiaiii, yaeyaony neaaeiaaoaeue (eeoei ,i?iecaiaeyuaa aeiciaiea) eee
iia?aoeaiue ?aaioiee, eioi?iio ii?o/aii i?iecaiaenoai yoiai
neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey. N ?aoaieai neaaeiaaoaey i i?iaaaeaiee
neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey naycaii i?eaea/aiea e o/anoeth a yenia?eiaioa
anao inoaeueiuo eeoe.

Neaaeiaaoaeue – ?oeiaiaeeoaeue e i?aaiecaoi? neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa. Eiaiii ii ieaie?oao i?iaaaeaiea iiuoia e i?iecaiaeeo anth
ae?oaoth iiaeaioiaeoaeueioth e yenia?eiaioo ?aaioo, noaaeo eiie?aoiua
caaea/e ia?aae ae?oaeie o/anoieeaie yenia?eiaioa e, iaeiiaoe, nai
iaiin?aaenoaaiii oaaaeaeaaony a ?acoeueoaoa yenia?eiaioa.

A i?ioieiea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, eioi?ue iiyoue-oaee
ninoaaeyaony ee/ii neaaeiaaoaeai, iineaaeiee ii?aaeaeyao
ieii/aoaeueioth oi?ioee?iaeo oao eee eiuo aii?inia, ?aoaiiuo
neaaenoaaiiui yenia?eiaioii.

Neaaeiaaoaeue i?eaeaoaao iiiyouo, ii?aaeaeyao /enei e niaoeeaeueiinoue
i?eaeaeaaiuo e o/anoeth a neaaenoaaiiii yenia?eiaioa naaaeoueo eeoe –
niaoeeaeenoia e, enoiaey ec o?aaiaaiee caeiia e eioa?ania aeaea, ?aoaao
aii?in i e?oaa eiuo o/anoieeia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa.

Ethaie yenia?eiaio eae neaaenoaaiiia aeaenoaea iaaiciiaeai aac o/anoey
a iai iiiyouo, eioi?ua ioiinyony e iniiaiie a?oiia o/anoieeia. ?ieue
iiiyouo i?e i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioa ( eae e ethaiai ae?oaiai
i?ioeannoaeueiiai aeaenoaey) caeiiiaeaoaeai ii?aaeaeaia oae : “ Iiiyoie
iaycai oaeinoiaa?eoue oaeo, niaea?aeaiea, e ?acoeueoaou aeaenoaee, i?e
i?iecaiaenoaa eioi?uo ii i?enoonoaiaae. Iiiyoie ai?aaa aeaeaoue
caia/aiey ii iiaiaeo i?iecaaaeaiiuo aeaenoaee. Caia/aiey iiiyoiai
iiaeeaaeao caianaieth a i?ioieie niioaaonoaothuaai neaaenoaaiiiai
aeaenoaey” ( /. 4 no. 132 OIE ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue).

A iao/iie eeoa?aoo?a i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe iiiyouo a oiaea i?iaaaeaiey
yenia?eiaioa ia anaaaea ?anniao?eaaaony iaeiicia/ii. ?.N. Aaeeei ieoao
: ” Iiiyoua – ia oieueei naeaeaoaee, i/aaeaeoeu aeaenoaee neaaeiaaoaey.
Iiiyoua – aeoeaiua o/anoieee yoeo aeaenoaee…” A i?ioeanna i?iaaaeaiey
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa “ ii i?aaeeiaeaieth iiiyouo iiaoo auoue
i?iaaaeaiu iiaua iiuou, eioi?ua neaaeiaaoaeue ia?aiia/aeueii ia
i?aaeiieaaae i?iaiaeeoue”[13, N.64]. A. A. Aeoeia e I. Ae. Ianoa?aiei
ioia/atho, /oi “ ?ieue iiiyouo i?e i?iaaaeaiee yenia?eiaioa aieaa
aeoeaia, /ai i?e i?iaaaeaiee ae?oaeo i?ioeannoaeueiuo aeaenoaee. Anee
i?e iniio?a, iaunea, i?aaeuyaeaiee aeey iiiciaiey iie oieueei
iaaethaeatho ca aeaenoaeyie neaaeiaaoaey e ae?oaeo eeoe, oi i?e
neaaenoaaiiii yenia?eiaioa iie iiaoo aiineoue naie i?aaeeiaeaiey ii
iiaiaeo oiai, eae eo/oa inouanoaeoue caaeoiaiiua iiuou eee i?iaanoe
iiaua”[ 6 , C. 202].

Ia iao acaeyae, oaeia ?anoe?eoaeueiia oieeiaaiea i?aa e iaycaiiinoae
iiiyouo i?e i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioa iaoaaaeeoaeueii, a aeaaiia –
i?ioeai?a/eo caeiio. Eae iiaeii aiai?eoue i aieaa aeoeaiie ?iee iiiyouo
i?e i?iaaaeaiee yenia?eiaioa, i eo aieaa oe?ieeo aiciiaeiinoyo , iaaeeee
i?e i?iaaaeaiee ae?oaeo neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee, anee caeiiiaeaoaeue (
no. 132 OIE ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue) i?yii i?aaeoniao?eaaao ana eo i?aaa e
iaycaiiinoe. Ieeaeeo eneeth/aiee a ioiioaiee oaeiai neaaenoaaiiiai
aeaenoaey, eae yenia?eiaio, a oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiii eiaeaena
?anioaeeee Aaea?onue ia i?aaeoniio?aii. E?iia oiai, ?anoe?aiea i?aa
iiiyouo i?e i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioa iaecaaaeii iiaeao i?eaanoe e
oiio, /oi eaeay-oi /anoue eiiiaoaioeee neaaeiaaoaey (i?eiyoue ?aoaiea i
i?iaaaeaiee iiauo iiuoia) eee niaoeeaeenoa (aiineoue i?aaeeiaeaiey i
oii, eae eo/oa inouanoaeoue iiuou) ia?aeaeao a eiiiaoaioeeth iiiyouo.
Iiiyoua aea, eae ioia/atho I.E. AEoeiaa e A.I. AEoeia – ” yoi oaeay
eaoaai?ey o/anoieeia i?ioeannoaeueiuo aeaenoaee, eioi?ay niaoeeaeueii
nouanoaoao aeey oiai, /oi au iaaethaeaoue ca aeaenoaeyie neaaeiaaoaey,
aeaeaoue caia/aiey ii iiaiaeo yoeo aeaenoaee e oaeinoiaa?youe eo, oi
anoue i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe iiiyouo i?e i?iaaaeaiee ethauo neaaenoaaiiuo
aeaenoaee e eo ?ieue i?e yoii iaeeiaeiaa [ 5, c . 48] “.

Eiee/anoai iiiyouo i?e i?iaaaeaiee yenia?eiaioa, a ioee/ea io ae?oaeo
neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee, iiaeao auoue naiui ?acee/iui, ii, a
niioaaonoaee n /.1 no.132 OIE ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue, eo aeieaeii auoue
ia iaiaa aeaoo . Eiee/anoai iiiyouo caaeneo, a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue, io
neiaeiinoe naiiai yenia?eiaioa, io oa?aeoa?a iiuoiuo aeaenoaee, io
/enea oao iano, aaea iaeiia?aiaiii aeieaeii aini?eieiaoueny niauoea,
ninoaaeythuaa niaea?aeaiea yenia?eiaioa.

Oae, iai?eia?, anee i?iaa?yaony aiciiaeiinoue neuoaoue a ii?aaeaeaiiuo
oneiaeyo eaeea-oi neiaa, caoee (auno?ae), i?iecianaiiua eee
i?iecaaaeaiiua a ae?oaii ianoa, oi e iiiyouo aeieaeii auoue ia iaiaa
4-o, aeaia ec ieo aeieaeiu iaoiaeeoueny a iaeiii ianoa (aaea neooatho,
aini?eieiatho), a aeaia a ae?oaii (aaea aini?iecaiaeyo). I?e i?iaaaeaiee
iiaoi?iiai iiuoa iiiyoua aeieaeiu iiiaiyoueny ianoaie. A eaaeaeii ianoa
niaa?oaiey (eee aini?eyoey) eaeeo-eeai aeaenoaee a oiaea yenia?eiaioa,
neiaeiiai ii naiae no?oeoo?a, aeieaeii auoue ia iaiaa aeaoo iiiyouo
iaeiia?aiaiii. Anee neiaeiue yenia?eiaio ii naiae no?oeoo?a ninoieo ec
ianeieueeeo oceia, a eioi?uo eiioeaio?e?othony ioaeaeueiua no?oeoo?iua
/anoe iiuoia, oi aeieaeii auoue ianeieueei a?oii iiiyouo, ?aniieiaeaiiuo
ia ii?aaeaeaiiii ?annoiyiee ae?oa io ae?oaa. A yoii neo/aa iiiyoua
aeieaeiu i?enoonoaiaaoue (oaeaea ia iaiaa aeaoo) ai anao oceiauo oi/eao.

Iiiyoua ii naiaio i?ioeannoaeueiiio iieiaeaieth neoaeao naiaia?aciuie
naeaeaoaeyie aeaenoaee neaaeiaaoaey. A ea/anoaa iiiyouo iiaeii
i?eaeaneoue ethauo, ia caeioa?aniaaiiuo a aeaea a?aaeaeai. I?e yoii, eae
i?aaeeueii ienaea I.E. Aoeianeay, “oeaeaniia?acii i?e auai?a iiiyouo
?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny i?eioeeiii aeia?iaieueiinoe, oae eae io iiiyoiai,
eniieiythuaai naie iaycaiiinoe aeia?iaieueii, aoaeao ai?acaei aieueoa
iieuecu, /ai io iiiyoiai, aeaenoaothuaai eeoue ii i?eioaeaeaieth ”[ 7 ,
n.25].

Iiaeae?ay iiiyouo, neaaeiaaoaeue aeieaeai iiiieoue e i oii, /oi a
aoaeouai a neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe iiiyoie iiaeao auoue aucaai a noae aeey
aea/e iieacaiee i oiaea e ?acoeueoaoao yenia?eiaioa eae naeaeaoaeue.
Iiyoiio neaaeiaaoaeue aeieaeai a ioaeaeueiuo neo/ayo o/eouaaoue
ii?aaeaeaiiua i?ioanneiiaeueiua ciaiey, o?iaaiue a?aiioiinoe eee aeaaea
oece/aneea aeaiiua (ii?iaeueiia c?aiea, ii?iaeueiue neoo e o.i.)
iiiyouo. Yoi o?aaoaony aeey oiai, /oiau iie iiaee i?aaeeueii iiiyoue
nooue yenia?eiaioa e oi/iaa ioeaieoue aai ?acoeueoaou. Ana yoi oaeaea
caaeneo e io oiai, ianeieueei oi/ii e ynii ?acuynieo neaaeiaaoaeue
iiiyoui caaea/e yenia?eiaioa e iaoiaeu aai i?iaaaeaiey. E?iia oiai,
neaaeiaaoaeue aeieaeai iauynieoue iiiyoui ia?aae i?iaaaeaieai
yenia?eiaioa eo i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe, i?aaeoniio?aiiua no.132 OIE
?anioaeeee Aaea?onue, e naeaeaoue niioaaonoaothuoth caienue a i?ioieiea,
aaea iiiyoua aeieaeiu ?anienaoueny.

Aii?in ia o/anoee iaaeiyaiiai e iiaeic?aaaaiiai a neaaenoaaiiii
yenia?eiaioa a i?aeoeea ?aoaaony neaaeothuei ia?acii. Anee a i?ioeanna
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa i?iaa?ythony iieacaiey iaaeiyaiiai eee
iiaeic?aaaaiiai, oi, eae i?aaeei, aai i?eaeaeatho e o/anoeth a yoii
neaaenoaaiiii aeaenoaee. Yoi iauyniyaony, ai-ia?auo, oai, /oi iaaeiyaiue
eee iiaeic?aaaaiue nai iieii aini?iecaaaeao naie aeaenoaey; ai-aoi?uo,
anee neaaenoaaiiui yenia?eiaioii aoaeoo ii?iaa?aioou aai iieacaiey, oi,
i?enoonoaoy i?e yoii ee/ii, ii nei?aa niiaueo i?aaaeeaua naaaeaiey.

Anee neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ia naycai n iieacaieyie iaaeiyaiiai
(iiaeic?aaaaiiai), oi iineaaeiaai iau/ii ia i?eaeaeatho e o/anoeth a
yoii neaaenoaaiiii aeaenoaee.

Neaaeiaaoaeue ia iiaeao i?eioaeaeaoue iaaeiyaiiai (
iiaeic?aaaaiiai ) e o/anoeth a yenia?eiaioa aii?aee aai aeaeaieth eee
canoaaeyoue iaaeiyaiiai i?iaeaeuaaoue iiuoiua aeaenoaey, niaa?oaiea
eioi?uo ii io?eoeae. A oaeeo neo/ayo I.E.Aoeianeay ?aeiiaiaeoao
neaaeiaaoaeth «ninoaaeoue e i?eiaueoue e aeaeo i?ioieieu ia ioeaca
iaaeiyaiiai o/anoaiaaoue a yenia?eiaioa» [7, n.38].

Oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiue caeii ia ?aaeaiaioe?oao eiee/anoai
eeoe, o/anoaothueo a yenia?eiaioa (a oii /enea e iaaeiyaiuo,
iiaeic?aaaaiuo). Iaeiaei ia oeaeaniia?acii i?eaeaeaoue e o/anoeth a
yenia?eiaioa n?aco ianeieueei iaaeiyaiuo (iiaeic?aaaaiuo) a neeo
/?acia?iiai oneiaeiaiey e aac oiai iai?inoiai aeaenoaey. E?iia oiai, a
iiaeiaiuo oneiaeyo anaaaea aiciiaeiu naiai? iaaeaeo iaaeiyaiuie
(iiaeic?aaaaiuie) eee aicaeaenoaey iaeiiai iaaeiyaiiai (iiaeic?aaaaiiai)
ia ae?oaiai. Anee iieacaiey anao iaaeiyaiuo a /ai-oi ?acee/iu, oi a
oaeeo neooaoeeyo oeaeaniia?aciaa i?iaiaeeoue eee i/iua noaaee, eee
yenia?eiaiou n eaaeaeui ec iaaeiyaiuo a ioaeaeueiinoe. Anee aea eo
iieacaiey iaeeiaeiau, oi i?iaiaeeoue yenia?eiaio ni anaie iaaeiyaiuie
iaeiia?aiaiii oaeaea iao niunea, aeinoaoi/ii aoaeao i?iaanoe iaeei
yenia?eiaio n iaeiei ec iaaeiyaiuo (iiaeic?aaaaiuo).

Ae?oaeie eeoeaie, iiaoueie i?eieiaoue o/anoea a i?iecaiaenoaa
yenia?eiaioa, yaeyaony naeaeaoaeue e iioa?iaaoee. Caeii iniai ia
?aaeaiaioe?oao o/anoea oeacaiiuo eeoe a aeaiiii i?ioeannoaeueiii
aeaenoaee, ii, anee neaaeiaaoaeue n/eoaao, /oi oaeia o/anoea
iaiaoiaeeii, ii iiaeao i?eaeaneoue eo.

Naeaeaoaeue (iioa?iaaoee) o/anoaoao a i?iaaaeaiee yenia?eiaioa
a aeaoo neo/ayo:

i?e i?iaa?ea eo iieacaiee;

i?e ieacaiee iiiiue neaaeiaaoaeth a ainnicaeaiee ianoaiiaee
i?ienoanoaey, i?iaa?ee aa?nee, eiuo i?aaeiieiaeaiee neaaeiaaoaey eee
iieacaiee ae?oaeo caeioa?aniaaiiuo eeoe.

Ii iiaiaeo iaeiia?aiaiiiai o/anoey a yenia?eiaioa naeaeaoaey
eee iaaeiyaiiai a iao/iie eeoa?aoo?a nouanoaoao aeaa oi/ee c?aiey.
Iaeioi?ua aaoi?u n/eoatho, /oi oaeia o/anoea iaycaoaeueii a oao neo/ayo,
eiaaea iieacaiey naeaeaoaey eciaee/atho iaaeiyaiiai e iiaoo i?eaanoe e
i?aaaeeaui iieacaieyi iineaaeiaai [ 7, n.37]. Ae?oaea aaoi?u, eioi?ua,
ia iao acaeyae caieiatho aieaa i?aaeeueioth iiceoeeth, i?aaeeaaatho
i?iaiaeeoue neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ii i?iaa?ea iieacaiee naeaeaoaey
(iioa?iaaoaai) aac o/anoey iaaeiyaiiai, a «?acoeueoao aai eniieueciaaoue
a iaaeeaaeauee iiiaio a oiaea ?anneaaeiaaiey» [ 8, n.37].

A ioaeaeueiuo neo/ayo a i?iaaaeaiee yenia?eiaioa iiaeao
o/anoaiaaoue e caueoiee. Ii iiaeao i?eieiaoue o/anoea a i?iaaaeaiee
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa oieueei a neaaeothueo neo/ayo:

1) ii naiae eieoeeaoeaa a ianoa n ianiaa?oaiiieaoiei eee eeoeii,
no?aaeathuei oece/aneeie eee ineoe/aneeie iaaeinoaoeaie, eeai n eiui
eeoeii n iiiaioa i?aaeuyaeaiey iaaeiaiey;

2) ii ?ac?aoaieth neaaeiaaoaey i?e i?iaaaeaiee neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey,
i?iaiaeeiiai ii aai eee iaaeiyaiiai oiaeaoaenoao.

A oiaea yenia?eiaioa caueoieea, i?aaeaea anaai, eioa?anoao
auyaeaiea ianoiyoaeuenoa, naeaeaoaeuenoaothueo i iaaeiiaiinoe
iaaeiyaiiai eee niya/athueo aai aeio, a oaeaea niaethaeaiey o?aaiaaiee
caeiia, i?aa e caeiiiuo eioa?ania iaaeiyaiiai. Caueoiee iiaeao ia?aoeoue
aieiaiea neaaeiaaoaey, iiiyouo e ia oaeo i?eiaiaiey i?e i?iecaiaenoaa
yenia?eiaioa ianiaa?oaiiuo iao/ii-oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa, eniieueciaaiea
eioi?uo iiaeao, a eiia/iii n/aoa, iaianoe oua?a caeiiiui eioa?anai
iaaeiyaiiai.

O/anoaiaaoue a i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa iiaoo oaeaea
iaaeaaia e caeiiiua i?aaenoaaeoaee ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai naeaeaoaey
(iioa?iaaoaai) eee aai aeeceea ?iaenoaaiieee (no. 159, 182 OIE
?anioaeeee Aaea?onue).

Yoe eeoea aeieaeiu iiii/ue neaaeiaaoaeth onoaiiaeoue eiioaeo n
ianiaa?oaiiieaoiei naeaeaoaeai (iioa?iaaoei), oynieoue nouiinoue aai
iauyniaiee.

A i?iaaaeaiee yenia?eiaioa iiaeao o/anoaiaaoue e ia?aaiae/ee (no. 129
OIE ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue), anee eeoei, /uee iieacaiey i?iaa?ythony
iiuoiui iooai ia aeaaeaao ycueii, ia eioi?ii aaaeaony
noaeii?iecaiaenoai. Ia?aaiae/eeii iiaeao auoue eeoei, naiaiaeii
aeaaeathuaa ycueii, ciaiea eioi?iai iaiaoiaeeii aeey i?iecaiaenoaa ii
aeaeo, e iacaeioa?aniaaiiiai a enoiaea aeaea.

I?e ?anneaaeiaaiee i?anooieaiey aeiaieueii /anoi eniieuecothony
niaoeeaeueiua iiciaiey naaaeoueo eeoe a ?acee/iuo iaeanoyo iaoee e
oaoieee. Aiciiaeiinoue i?eaea/aiey oaeeo eeoe e o/anoeth a i?iaaaeaiee
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa i?aaeoniio?aii /.1 no. 128-1 OIE ?anioaeeee
Aaea?onue, a eioi?ia cae?aieaii i?aai neaaeiaaoaey i?eaeaneoue
niioaaonoaothuaai niaoeeaeenoa.

I?aaa e iaycaiiinoe niaoeeaeenoa ii?aaeaeaiu /.3, 4 no. 128-1 OIE
?anioaeeee Aaea?onue. I?e inouanoaeaiee neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa
niaoeeaeeno ia aeaao eaeeo-eeai caeeth/aiee, aai o/anoea au?aaeaaony a
oii, /oi ii:

1) ieacuaaao neaaeiaaoaeth iiiiuue a ?aeiino?oeoeee ianoaiiaee e
?annoaiiaee o/anoieeia yenia?eiaioa ia?aae i?iecaiaenoaii iiuoia;

2) iiiiaaao neaaeiaaoaeth oaoie/anee i?aaeeueii i?iaanoe caaeoiaiiua
iiuou n oai, /oiau auee niaethaeaiu ana iaiaoiaeeiua oneiaey
yenia?eiaioa;

3) eiinoeueoe?oao neaaeiaaoaey i?e oeenaoeee ?acoeueoaoia neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa;

4) iiiiaaao neaaeiaaoaeth a iiaeai?a iaiaoiaeeiuo iauaeoia e i?aaeiaoia;

5) ii ii?o/aieth neaaeiaaoaey i?iecaiaeeo eeiinuaieo, oioia?aoe?iaaiea e
o.ae.

Niaeanii no. 73 OIE ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue a i?iaaaeaiee neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa iiaeao o/anoaiaaoue e yenia?o.. Ii o/anoaoao i?e
i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa oieueei a neo/ayo, eiaaea
oaeia o/anoea yaeyaony niaea?aeaieai aai yenia?oiie aeayoaeueiinoe e
aea/ao ca niaie aiineaaenoaee a iaycaoaeueiii ii?yaeea aea/o ei
caeeth/aiey ii iinoaaeaiiui ia?aae iei aii?inai.

N?aaee o/anoieeia yenia?eiaioa neaaeoao auaeaeeoue a ioaeaeueioth
eaoaai?eth ?aaioieeia ieeeoeee, inouanoaeythueo io?aio ianoa i?iaaaeaiey
yenia?eiaioa eee iaania/eaathueo aai aaciianiinoue; ae?oaeeiieeia;
a?aaeaeai, i?eaeaoaiiuo neaaeiaaoaeai aeey iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai
aini?iecaiaenoaa iiuoiuo aeaenoaee. I?aaiaia iieiaeaiea yoeo eeoe aei
neo ii? ia ii?aaeaeaii. Ia?aui ia yoi oeacae ?.N.Aaeeei, eioi?ue
i?aaeeiaeee iacuaaoue eo «aniiiiaaoaeueiuie o/anoieeaie yenia?eiaioa».
O.A.Aeacu?ei e A.I.E?oaeeeia iacuaatho oaeeo o/anoieeia neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa «eiuie eeoeaie» [8, n.39], a I.E.AEoeiaa e A.I.AEoeia –
«aeiiieieoaeueiuie o/anoieeaie», a oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiue caeii
aiiaua ia i?aaeoniao?eaaao aeey ieo niaoeeaeueiiai iacaaiey.

Iineieueeo ana inoaeueiua o/anoieee iaaeaeaiu niioaaonoaothueie
ioeoeeaeueii cae?aieaiiuie a caeiia i?aaaie e iaycaiiinoyie, a i?aaiaia
iieiaeaiea eiuo o/anoieeia iaynii, oi iaeuecy ia niaeaneoueny n oaie
aaoi?aie [5, n.65], eioi?ua i?aaeeaaatho aianoe a
oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiia caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai neaaeothuaa aeiiieiaiea: a
/. 3 no.182 OIE iinea i?aaeeiaeaiey « neaaeiaaoaeue ai?aaa i?eaeaneoue
aeey o/anoey a i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa e niaoeeaeenoa
» aeiaaaeoue « a oaeaea eiuo aeiiieieoaeueiuo o/anoieeia, iiaoueo
ieacaoue aio iiiiuue a i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ».

Iniaoth a?oiio o/anoieeia yenia?eiaioa i?aaenoaaeytho niaie i?ieo?i?,
ia/aeueiee neaaenoaaiiiai ioaeaea (iiae?acaeaeaiey).

Eae i?aaeei, /aua anaai i?ieo?i?u o/anoaotho a i?iecaiaenoaa
yenia?eiaioa, inouanoaeyy iaaeci? ca niaethaeaieai caeiiiinoe
neaaeiaaoaeai. Iaeiaei i?ieo?i?u iiaoo ee/ii i?iaiaeeoue ioaeaeueiua
neaaenoaaiiua aeaenoaey, a oii /enea e neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio. A
neo/aa, eiaaea i?e i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioa a ii?yaeea iaaeci?a
o/anoaoao i?ieo?i?, neaaeiaaoaeue aeieaeai iaycaoaeueii aeaeaoue a
i?ioieiea iiiaoeo ia yoii.

Ia/aeueiee neaaenoaaiiiai ioaeaea (iiae?acaeaeaiey ) ia iniiaaiee no.
122-1 OIE ?aneoaeeee Aaea?onue a i?aaa o/anoaiaaoue ii naiaio
oniio?aieth a i?iecaiaenoaa ethaiai neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey, a
/anoiinoe – neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, eeai nai i?iecaiaeeoue yoi
i?ioeannoaeueiia aeaenoaea.

Oaeei ia?acic , anao o/anoieeia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa iiaeii
eeanneoeoee?iaaoue neaaeothuei ia?acii:

I Iniiaiua , iaycaoaeueiua o/anoieee yenia?eiaioa –

neaaeiaaoaeue (?aaioieee i?aaia aeiciaiey ),

iiiyoua.

II Oaeoeueoaoeaiua o/anoieee , eioi?ua a naith i/a?aaeue
iiae?acaeaeythony ia neaaeothuea a?oiiu –

iiaeic?aaaaiue, iaaeiyaiue, iioa?iaaoee, naeaeaoaeue;

niaoeeaeeno, yenia?o;

caueoiee;

iaaeaaia ,caeiiiua i?aaenoaaeoaee eee aeeceea ?iaenoaaiieee
ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai naeaeaoaey (iioa?iaaoaai );

ia?aaiae/ee.

III Aeiiieieoaeueiua o/anoieee –

?aaioieee i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae;

i?aaenoaaeoaee iauanoaaiiinoe (ae?oaeeiieee , a?aaeaeaia , i?eaeaoaiiua
aeey i?iaaaeaiey iiuoiuo aeaenoaee e o.i.).

IV Iniaua o/anoieee –

i?ieo?i? ;

ia/aeueiee neaaenoaaiiiai ioaeaea (iiae?acaeaeaiey). (Niio?e noaio ? 2)

3.3 Iiaeaioiaea e i?iaaaeaieth neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa

Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio, eae e ethaia i?ioeannoaeueiia aeaenoaea,
o?aaoao ouaoaeueiie iiaeaioiaee e aai i?iaaaeaieth. Aanue eiiieaen
iiaeaioiaeoaeueiuo ia?ii?eyoee i?e i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioa ia/eiaaony
n i?eiyoeai neaaeiaaoaeai ?aoaiey i iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa
aeaiiiai aaaeiiai aeaenoaey.

Ia i?eiyoea neaaeiaaoaeai ?aoaiey i i?iaaaeaiee neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa aeeytho: e?eieiaeenoe/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea i?anooieaiey e
neooaoeeiiiua oaeoi?u.

Enneaaeiaaiey, eioi?ua auee i?iaaaeaiu I.E.AEoeiaie e A.I.AEoeiaui [5,
n. 27] iieacuaatho, /oi iaeaieaa /anoi ia i?eiyoea ?aoaiey i
i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa aeeytho oaeea yeaiaiou
e?eieiaeenoe/aneie oa?aeoa?enoeee i?anooieaiey, eae:

1. Iaoaieci i?anooieaiey e niinia niaa?oaiey i?anooieaiey.

*aua anaai neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio i?iaiaeeony ii aeaeai i
i?anooieaieyo, naycaiiuo n eniieueciaaieai oaoieee, a oaeaea ii aeaeai,
eiaaea iaoaieci i?anooiiuo aeaenoaee naycai n i?aiaeieaieai eaeeo-oi
i?aa?aae, i?aiyonoaee, acaeiiaeaenoaeai ?acee/iuo iaoa?eaeueiuo
iauaeoia.

2.Ianoaiiaea niaa?oaiey i?anooieaiey (i?iaa?yaiiai niauoey).

Anee ianoaiiaea niaa?oaiey i?anooieaiey (i?iaa?yaiiai niauoey)
iaecaanoia, oi yenia?eiaio i?aeoe/anee ii/oe anaaaea i?iecaanoe
iaaiciiaeii, oae eae ia ciay ianoaiiaee, neaaeiaaoaeue ia niiaeao
nicaeaoue oneiaey aeey aa aini?iecaiaenoaa, oai aieaa aeiaeoueny
iaeneiaeueiiai noiaenoaa aini?iecaaaeaiiie ianoaiiaee n oie, eioi?ay
eiaea ianoi a iiiaio nouanoaiaaiey eioa?anothuaai aai niauoey, oaeoa,
yaeaiey. Iaeiaei, anee eaeea-oi aeaoaee yoie ianoaiiaee ia eiatho
nouanoaaiiiai cia/aiey aeey i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa
(iai?eia?, a?aiy nooie), oi neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ana aea iiaeao
auoue i?iecaaaeai. Oaeei ia?acii, ianoaiiaea i?anooieaiey ia oieueei
ieacuaaao aeeyiea ia i?eiyoea ?aoaiey i i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioa, ii e
ea?aao nouanoaaiioth ?ieue i?e ieaie?iaaiee neaaeiaaoaeai oiaea
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa.

3. Iauaeo i?anooiiiai iinyaaoaeuenoaa, io aeaea eioi?iai ia?aaeei
caaeneo e auai? aeaea yenia?eiaioa, e nai oiae aai i?iaaaeaiey.

4. Iniaaiiinoe ee/iinoe iaaeiyaiiai, iiaeic?aaaaiiai,
iioa?iaaoaai, naeaeaoaey.

A /anoiinoe, caeanue iiaeii oeacaoue ia i?iecaiaenoai yenia?eiaioia ii
i?iaa?ea iaee/ey o eeoea ii?aaeaeaiiuo i?ioanneiiaeueiuo iaaueia, a
oaeaea ia neo/ae, eiaaea eaeea eeai noauaeoeaiua iniaaiiinoe ee/iinoe ia
aeatho aiciiaeiinoe i?aaeeueii ioeaieoue iieacaiey eeoea (aeaoaeou
neooa, c?aiey, aic?anoiua iniaaiiinoe). E?iia oiai, neaaeoao eiaoue
aaeaeo, /oi, ia ciay iniaaiiinoae ee/iinoe iaaeiyaiiai, iioa?iaaoaai,
naeaeaoaeae, eo ineoe/aneea, oece/aneea e ae?oaea ea/anoaa,
neaaeiaaoaeue ia oieueei ia niiaeao onoaiiaeoue n ieie ineoieiae/aneee
eiioaeo a oiaea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, ii e iiaeao aeiionoeoue
nouanoaaiiua ioeaee i?e aai i?iecaiaenoaa.

5. Oneiaey aini?eyoey, acaeiiia ?aniieiaeaiea iauaeoia e iaeioi?ua
ae?oaea iiiaiou.

Ia i?eiyoea i?aaeeueiiai ?aoaiey i i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa eee ia ioeaca io iaai oaeaea nouanoaaiii aeeytho e
neooaoeeiiiua oaeoi?u [17 , n.30].

I/aiue aaaeiia cia/aiea eiatho neooaoeeiiiua oaeoi?u eioi?iaoeeiiiiai
oa?aeoa?a. A /anoiinoe, oaeie oaeoi?, eae iaee/ea e oa?aeoa?, eiathuaeny
o neaaeiaaoaey aeieacaoaeuenoaaiiie e i?eaioe?othuae eioi?iaoeee,
ieacuaaao nouanoaaiiia aeeyiea ia i?eiyoea ?aoaiey i i?iecaiaenoaa
yenia?eiaioa, ii?aaeaeyao aiciiaeiinoue e iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?iaa?ee
eaeiai-oi oaeoa, niauoey, i?eiyoue ?aoaiea i i?iecaiaenoaa aeaiiiai
neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey.

Ia iaiaa aaaeiuie neooaoeeiiiuie oaeoi?aie, aeeythueie ia i?eiyoea
?aoaiey i i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, yaeythony
neooaoeeiiiua oaeoi?u ineoieiae/aneiai oa?aeoa?a. E oaeei oaeoi?ai
?.N.Aaeeei ioiineo: ineoieiae/aneia ninoiyiea eeoe, i?ioiaeyueo ii
?anneaaeoaiiio aeaeo; ineoieiae/aneia ninoiyiea neaaeiaaoaey; o?iaaiue
aai ciaiee, iiuo; i?ioeaiaeaenoaea onoaiiaeaieth enoeiu ni noi?iiu
caeioa?aniaaiiuo eeoe; aeaaii?eyoiia (aaneiioeeeoiia) oa/aiea
?anneaaeiaaiey; oneeea neaaeiaaoaey, iai?aaeaiiia ia eciaiaiea
neaaenoaaiiie neooaoeee a aeaaii?eyoioth aeey neaaeiaaoaey noi?iio e
o.ae. [9, n.27].

Ii?aaeaeaiiia cia/aiea aeey i?eiyoey ?aoaiey i i?iecaiaenoaa
yenia?eiaioa iiaoo eiaoue neooaoeeiiiua oaeoi?u
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoie/aneiai oa?aeoa?a (iaee/ea a aeaiiue iiiaio a
?anii?yaeaiee neaaeiaaoaey iaiaoiaeeiuo nee, n?aaenoa, a?aiaie,
aiciiaeiinoe i?eaea/aiey iaiaoiaeeiiai niaoeeaeenoa e o/anoeth a
neaaenoaaiiii yenia?eiaioa e o.i.).

Iinea oiai, eae neaaeiaaoaeue i?eaeao e auaiaeo, i iaiaoiaeeiinoe
i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yinia?eiaioa, ii ia/eiaao aioiaeoueny e
i?iaaaeaieth yoiai neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey. Nthaea aoiaeeo:

1)Ninoaaeyao ieai i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa.

Yoi iaeei ec aaaeiaeoeo yoaiia a iiaeaioiaeoaeueiie ?aaioa
neaaeiaaoaey, oae eae oieueei i?iaeoiaiiue aei iaeue/aeoeo aeaoaeae ieai
aeaenoaee neaaeiaaoaey e ae?oaeo o/anoieeia iiaeao iaania/eoue oniaoiia
e i?ioeannoaeueii i?aaeeueiia i?iaaaeaiea yoiai neiaeiiai
i?ioeannoaeueiiai aeaenoaey . Oieueei iinea ninoaaeaiey ieaia iiaeii
ia?aeoe e neaaeothuei iiaeaioiaeoaeueiui ia?ii?eyoeyi , eioi?ua e
aeieaeiu iaeoe io?aaeaiea a ieaia .

A th?eaee/aneie eeoa?aoo?a ii yoiio aii?ino nouanoaoao neaaeothuay
oi/ea c?aiey : anee neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio iineo neiaeiue oa?aeoa?
,oi ieai aai iiaeaioiaee oeaeaniia?acii ninoaaeyoue a ienueiaiiii aeaea
; anee yenia?eiaio i?inoie ,oi ieai iiaeii e ia ninoaaeyoue[ ,n. 28] .
Ia iie acaeyae , i?e i?iaaaeaiee ethaiai neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa
ieai aai iiaeaioiaee e i?iaaaeaiey aeieaeai ninoaaeyoueny a ienueiaiiii
aeaea , iineieueeo yenia?eiaio yaeyaony iaeiei ec iaeaieaa neiaeiuo
neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee.

A yoio ieai aeieaeiu aeeth/aoueny ana iiaeaioiaeoaeueiua ia?ii?eyoey ,
oeaee e aii?inu , iiaeeaaeauea auyniaieth, niaea?aeaiea iiuoiuo
aeaenoaee e e?oa o/anoieeia , neiaii , ana oi , /oi neaaeiaaoaeue
iaia?ai inouanoaeoue eae i?e iiaeaioiaea , oae e aoiaea naiiai
yenia?eiaioa .

2)?aoaao aii?in i a?aiaie e ianoa i?iaaaeaiey neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa.

I?e ii?aaeaeaiee ianoa e a?aiaie i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa iaiaoiaeeii enoiaeeoue ec oiai , /oi oneiaey , a eioi?uo
i?iecaiaeeoueny yenia?eiaio ,aeieaeiu auoue iaeneiaeueii i?eaeeaeaiu e
oneiaeyi , a eioi?uo i?ienoiaeeei i?iaa?yaiia niauoea. Iiyoiio
neaaeiaaoaeue ii i?iaa?ea aiciiaeiinoe aini?eieiaoue eeoeii
?anneaaeoaiia niauoea ( eee aai /anoue) eeai auiieieoue ii?aaeaeaiiua
aeaenoaey a ii?aaeaeaiiuo oneiaey i?iaiaeyony ia oii aea ianoa , aaea
i?ienoiaeeei i?iaa?yaiia niauoea. Aeaaea anee neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio
a i?eioeeia iiaeao auoue i?iecaaaeai a ae?oaii ianoa , oi neaaeoao
o/eouaaoue , /oi aini?iecaaaeaiea aeaenoaee ia oii aea naiii ianoa
niinianoaoao iaeeaeaieth annioeeaoeaiuo naycae , eo/oaio i?eiiieiaieth
nouanoaaiiuo ianoiyoaeuenoa niauoey i?anooieaiey.

Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ,iai?aaeaiiue ia i?iaa?eo aiciiaeiinoe
niaa?oaiey eeoeii ii?aaeaeaiiuo aeaenoaee aacioiineoaeueii e
ii?aaeaeaiiiio ianoo , iiaeao i?iecaiaeeoueny a eaaeiaoa neaaeiaaoaey
eee a eiii ianoa , ii?aaeaeaiiii neaaeiaaoaeai n o/aoii eiie?aoiuo
ianoiyoaeuenoa aeaea.

?aoay aii?in i ianoa i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa,
iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue ?aaeueioth aiciiaeiinoue i?einoaiiaeoue a neo/aa
iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?iecaiaenoaaiioth aeayoaeueiinoue eee aeaeaeaiea
o?ainii?oa.

I?e auai?a ianoa i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa neaaeoao
o/eouaaoue , /oi a ?yaea neo/aaa ii naycai n aeaiiino?aoeeae niiniaa
niaa?oaiey i?anooieaiey e /oi aini?iecaaaeaiea iiaeiaiuo aeaenoaee a
ianoa ,aaea iiaoo auoue iinoi?iiiea ,ia ioaa/aao o?aaiaaieyi ii?aee .

I?e e ii?aaeaeaiee a?aiaie i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioa neaaeoao , ai-
ia?auo , ?aoeoue , eiaaea , ia eaeii yoaia ?anneaaeiaaiey oeaeaniia?acii
i?iaanoe yenia?eiaio ,e , ai-aoi?uo, a eaeia a?aiy nooie i?iaiaeeoue aai
.

O?iiieiae/aneee iiiaio , eiaaea aoaeao i?iaiaeeoueny neaaenoaaiiue
yenia?eiaio , ii?aaeaeyaony oiaeii ?anneaaeiaaiey. Iai?eia? , anee
oeaeue yenia?eiaioa – i?iaa?eoue aeieacaoaeuenoaa , oi ii iiaeao auoue
i?iaaaeai ia ?aiueoa iieo/aiey yoeo aeieacaoaeuenoa neaaeiaaoaeai, oioy
au aio e auei ecaanoii niaea?aeaiea yoeo aeieacaoaeuenoa aua aei eo
iieo/aiey ( iai?eia? , aiciiaeiia niaea?aeaiea iieacaiee naeaeaoaey aei
aai aeii?ina – noaey ii iieacaieyi iaoiaeeaoeony n iei ae?oaeo
naeaeaoaeae )

Anee yenia?eiaio i?iaiaeeoueny niaoeeaeueii aeey iieo/aiey iiauo
aeaiiuo , oi neaaeiaaoaeue ia iiaeao iaaeeeoue n aai i?iecaiaenoaii ,
oae eae iiaoo neiaeeoueny oaeea oneiaey , eioi?ua naeaeatho iaaiciiaeiui
i?iaaaeaiea yenia?eiaioa.

*oi eanaaony aii?ina i oii , a eaeia a?aiy nooie aeieaeai i?iaiaeeoueny
yenia?eiaio, oi ii iau/ii i?iaiaeeoueny a oaeia a?aiy nooie , eiaaea
oneiaey inaauaiey niaiaaeatho n oaie , i?e eioi?uo eiaei ianoi
enneaaeoaiia niauoea.

Ia aeinoiaa?iinoue ?acoeueoaoia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa iiaoo
nouanoaaiii aeeyoue iiaiaeiua oneiaey , a eioi?uo i?iecioei
?anneaaeoaiia niauoea . Iiyoiio , anee ?anneaaeoaiia niauoea
aini?eieiaeinue eeoeii ai a?aiy aeiaeaey , ooiaia eee niaaiiaaea ,
neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio neaaeoao i?iecaiaeeoue a oaeeo aea iiaiaeiuo
oneiaeyo. A i?ioeaiii neo/aa aeinoiaa?iinoue aeaiiuo , iieo/aiiuo a
oiaea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa , nieaeaaony , /oi ia eneeth/aao ,
eiia/ii , eo eniieueciaaiea i?e i?eiyoee ?aoaiee ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo.

3)Ii?aaeaeyao e?oa o/anoieeia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa e
i?eieiaao ia?u ii iaania/aieth eo yaee ia ianoi i?iecaiaenoaa
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa.

A yoie nayce iaiaoiaeeii ?aoeoue aii?in ia o/anoee a i?iecaiaenoaa
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa e iaania/eoue yaeo a iacia/aiiia a?aiy
iiaeic?aaaaiiai , iaaeiyaiiai , iioa?iaaoaai , naeaeaoaey , ia?aaiae/eea
, niaoeeaeenoa , nio?oaeieeia i?aaia aeiciaiey , i?aaenoaaeoaeae
iauanoaaiiinoe ( iiiyouo e eeoe , eioi?ui ii?o/aaony i?iecaiaenoai
ii?aaeaeaiiuo aeaenoaee ).

A neo/aa cayaeaiey yenia?oii oiaeaoaenoaa ia o/anoey a i?iecaiaenoaa
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa neaaeiaaoaeue aeieaeai niiaueoue aio i
a?aiaie e ianoa i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa.

4) ?aoaao aii?in i niaea?aeaiee eioi?iaoeee , iiaeeaaeauae
niiauaieth o/anoieeai neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa.

Aieueoeinoai e?eieiaeenoia n/eoatho , /oi a eaaeaeii eiie?aoiii neo/aa
iauai niiauaaiie eioi?iaoeee aeieaeai auoue aeeooa?aioee?iaai. Oae ,
?.N. Aaeeei n/eoaao , /oi iauai niiauaaiie eioi?iaoeee caaeneo io aeaea
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa e i?aaeeaaaao a oao neo/ayo, eiaaea
i?iaiaeeony yenia?eiaio ii onoaiiaeaieth aiciiaeiinoe aini?eyoey
eaeiai-eeai yaeaiey eee a oao neo/ayo , eiaaea aaaeai oaeoi?
iaiaeeaeaiiinoe , niaea?aeaiea iiuoia niiauaoue a naiie iauae oi?ia [4
,n.76]. A.O.Aeacu?ei e A.I.E?oaeeeia oeacuaatho , /oi o/anoieee
yenia?eiaioa aeieaeiu auoue iciaeiieaiu eeoue n oeaeyie, oneiaeyie ,
oiaeii e ?acoeueoaoaie iiuoiuo aeaenoaee [8, n. 40].

I.E. AEoeiaa e A.I. AEoeia n/eoatho , /oi iauai eioi?iaoeee aeieaeai
auoue aeice?iaai a caaeneiinoe io ?iee eaaeaeiai o/anoieea [5,n.44].
Iai?eia?, iiiyoua aeieaeiu auoue aieaa iiae?iaii eioi?ie?iaaiu i oeaeyo
, caaea/ao ,niaea?aeaiee iiuoiuo aeaenoaee , ?acoeueoaoao , iineieueeo a
iineaaenoaee iie iiaoo auoue aucaaiu a noae a ea/anoaa naeaeaoaeae.

I?e i?iaa?ea ianoiyoaeuenoa , ia iaee/ea eioi?uo ieacae aeeyiea oaeoi?
iaiaeeaeaiiinoe , eo/oa anaai o/anoieeai ia niiauaoue niaea?aeaiea
i?aaenoiyueo iiuoiuo aeaenoaee , /oiau iie ieacaeenue a oao aea
iaeneiaeueii noiaeiuo oneiaeyo , eioi?ua auee a iiiaio i?iaa?yaiiai
niauoey . A aeaiiii neo/aa aaaeii , /oiau aini?eyoea auei ia ca?aiaa
iiaeaioiaeaiiui , a iaiaeeaeaiiui , eae e naii niauoea. A oaeeo
neooaoeeyo oeaeaniia?aciaa nia/aea aeaoue o/anoieeai aini?eieiaoue
iiuoiua aeaenoaey , ia ?ane?uaay eo nooe , iioii auynieoue , eoi , /oi e
eae aini?eiye , a caoai iauynieoue ei , /oi eiaiii ninoaaeyei nooue
iiuoiuo aeaenoaee . A i?ioeaiii neo/aa iaeuecy aoaeao aiai?eoue i
aeinoiaa?iinoe iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia. Oae , iai?eia? , neaaeiaaoaeue
?IAAe ai?iaea Na?iaa , Naa?aeeianeie iaeanoe i?iaiaeee yenia?eiaio n
oeaeueth i?iaa?ee iieacaiee iiaeic?aaaaiiai i oii , /oi iineaaeiee ia
niia inoaiiaeoue iaoeio ia?aae iaiaeeaeaiii auaaaeaaoei /aeiaaeii . Aeey
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa aue niaoeeaeueii ecaioiaeai iaiaeai. Ia?aae
i?iecaiaenoaii iiuoiuo aeaenoaee neaaeiaaoaeue iiae?iaii ?acuyniee
iiaeic?aaaaiiio e iiiyoui , a eaeii ianoa aei?iae iiyaeoueny ia
i?iacaeae /anoe yoio iaiaeai. Iiaeic?aaaaiue nae ca ?oeue e iiaae
iaoeio. A oii ianoa , aaea ia i?iacaeae /anoe ia?aae iei iiyaeeny
iaiaeai , ii iuoaeny caoi?iiceoue , ii ia niia e niaa?oee iaacae ia
iaiaeai. Aeaiiua iiuoiua aeaenoaey ii i?iaeaeae o?e ?aca. Eae aeaeii ec
yoiai i?eia?a , /oi caeanue ia/enoi ionoonoaoao oaeoi? iaiaeeaeaiiinoe ,
eioi?ue aue a iiiaio niaa?oaiey aaoiaei?iaeiiai i?ienoanoaey . A yoii
neo/aa iaeuecy aiai?eoue i aeinoiaa?iinoe iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia,
iineieueeo iiaeic?aaaaiue , ca?aiaa ciay ianoi iiyaeaiey iaiaeaia , iia
niaoeeaeueii ia oniaoue caoi?iiceoue aeey oiai , /oiau niaa?oeoue
iaacae.( i?aeoeea)

5) Ii?aaeaeyao oneiaey , a eioi?uo aeieaeai auoue i?iaaaeai
yenia?eiaio.

Yoio yoai yaeyaony iaeaieaa cia/eoaeueiui ii iauaio iiaeaioiaeoaeueiuo
?aaio , iineieueeo oneiaey i?iaaaeaiey yenia?eiaioa aeieaeiu auoue
iaeneiaeueii noiaeiuie n oaie , eioi?ua nouanoaiaaee a iiiaio
i?iaa?yaiiai niauoey. Ii ninoieo ec iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai auyniaiey oaeeo
oneiaee e eo i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai ainnicaeaiey.

Auyniaiea oneiaee , a eioi?uo aeieaeai i?ioiaeeoue neaaenoaaiiue
yenia?eiaio , iiaeao inouanoaeyoueny ?acee/iuie iooyie. Ai- ia?auo,
neaaeiaaoaeth iaiaoiaeeii iooai iiae?iaiuo aeii?inia auynieoue o
naeaeaoaeae , iaaeiyaiiai , iiaeic?aaaaiiai , iioa?iaaoaai yoe
ianoiyoaeuenoaa , oi anoue ianoi , a?aiy , iiaiaeiua oneiaey ,
inaauaiea , ianoaiiaeo , i?aaeiaou , eioi?ua auee ia ianoa i?anooieaiey
, e oiio iiaeiaiia. Ai-aoi?uo, neaaeiaaoaeue aeieaeai aieiaoaeueii
i?iaiaeece?iaaoue ?acoeueoaou ae?oaeo i?ioeannoaeueiuo aeaenoaee ,
eioi?ua eiatho ioiioaiea e ?aoaieth aii?ina i i?iecaiaenoaa
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ( iai?eia? , iniio? ianoa i?ienoanoaey ,
iaune e o.ae.), oae eae i?ioieieu neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee yaeythony
oaeaea enoi/ieeaie eioi?iaoeee ia oneiaeyo e ianoaiiaea i?iaa?yaiiai
oaeoa . E iaoa?eaeai , iiiiaathuei iieo/aoue eaeea-eeai naaaeaiey ii
yoei aii?inai, iiaoo ioiineoueny e iia?aoeaiua aeaiiua , a oaeaea
naaaeaiey , iieo/aiiua io aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe , a?aaeaeai , i?aaei?eyoee
, o/?aaeaeaiee , i?aaiecaoeee .Iai?eia?, ii aeaeai i iiaea?ao iiaoo
auoue iieo/aiu eiiee ieaia nai?aaoaai no?iaiey ec
eiaaioa?ecaoeeiii-oaoie/aneiai ath?i eee o/?aaeaeaiey ainno?aoa ; io
iaoai?ieiae/aneie neoaeau iiaeao auoue iieo/aiu ni?aaee i iiaiaeiuo
oneiaeyo a aeaiue niaa?oaiey i?anooieaiey.

I?aaeaa?eoaeueiia ainnicaeaiea oneiaee i?iaa?yaiiai oaeoa iiaeao
ninoiyoue , iai?eia? , a ecaioiaeaiee i?aaeiaoia , noiaeiuo n oaie ,
eioi?ua ea?aee eaeoth-oi ?ieue a iiiaio i?iaa?yaiiai niauoey , a a
ianoiyuaa a?aiy oo?a/aiu , oie/oiaeaiu eee ia iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu
i?e i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ii eaeei – eeai i?e/eiai .
Aiciiaeii ainnoaiiaeaiea o?aaiaioia ianoaiiaee , anee oa oie/oiaeaia eee
ia iiaeao auoue aini?iecaaaeaia a noa?ii aeaea , iiaeaioiaea iaeaoia ,
ioeyaeae , iaiaeaiia . Ai anao yoeo neo/ayo neaaeiaaoaeth oeaeaniia?acii
i?aaeaa?eoaeueii niaa?oeoue auacae ia ianoi aeey oiai , /oiau iieiaa
oynieoue ianoaiiaeo , ca?aiaa auynieoue , eaeay oai iiaeao
iio?aaiaaoueny ?aeiino?oeoeey , iineieueeo iia iiaeao auoue i/aiue
neiaeia e iio?aaoao cia/eoaeueiuo cao?ao nee e a?aiaie.

Iiaeaioaaeeaaao iao/ii-oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa , eioi?ua iiaoo
iio?aaiaaoueny a oiaea i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa :
oioiaiia?ao , aeaeaieaia?o , ecia?eoaeueiua i?eai?u , inaaoeoaeueioth
aiia?aoo?o , iaiaeaiu , ioeyaee e o.i. Anee ioaeiuo iao/ii-oaoie/aneeo
n?aaenoa iao, iaiaoiaeeii auynieoue , aaea eo iiaeii iieo/eoue e
aeiaiai?eoueny ia yoii . Eiaaea aeey o/anoey a yenia?eiaioa i?eaeaoaaony
niaoeeaeeno , neaaeiaaoaeue aeieaeai auynieoue o iaai , eaeay aio ioaeia
iiiiuue.

7) Iiaeaioaaeeaaao o?ainii?oiua n?aaenoaa e n?aaenoaa nayce.

8) I?iaiaeeo ineoieiae/aneoth iiaeaioiaeo o/anoieeia
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa.

I?e iiaeaioiaea yenia?eiaioa neaaeiaaoaeth iaiaoiaeeii ca?aiaa
o/eouaaoue iauai i?aaenoiyuae oece/aneie e ineoieiae/aneie iaa?ocee, oae
eae « neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio yaeyaony neeueiui n?aaenoaii
ineoieiae/aneiai aicaeaenoaey ia aai o/anoieeia …» [ 8, n. 113]. A
/anoiinoe , aaaeii iaania/eoue ineoieiae/aneoth aioiaiinoue e
aini?eyoeth e oyniaieth niunea i?iaiaeeiuo iiuoiuo aeaenoaee . Ia iaiaa
aaaeii e oi , /oiau o/anoaothuea a yenia?eiaioa caeioa?aniaaiiua eeoea
iaoiaeeeenue a iaeaieaa aeaaii?eyoiii aeey oaeiai neiaeiiai
i?ioeannoaeueiiai aeaenoaey ineoe/aneii ninoiyiee. Caeanue iaaeiionoeia
eiioeeeoiay neooaoeey , ia?aiciinoue , ionoonoaea ineoieiae/aneiai
eiioaeoa o/anoieeia ni neaaeiaaoaeai . Iiyoiio a i?ioeanna iiaeaioiaea e
yenia?eiaioo ii aeieaeai ouaoaeueii i?iaeoiaoue ana aiciiaeiua
ineoieiae/aneea ithainu.

Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue , /oi iaeioi?ua aaoi?u ioiinyo e /eneo
iiaeaioiaeoaeueiuo ia?ii?eyoee oaeaea e auianaiea iinoaiiaeaiey i
i?iaaaeaiee neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa . O.A.Aeacu?ei e A.I.E?oaeeeia
iainiiauaatho iaiaoiaeeiinoue yoiai aeaenoaey oai , /oi a ?yaea neo/aaa
i?e inouanoaeaiee neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa iiaoo auoue cao?iioou e
ia?aie/aiu i?aaa a?aaeaeai e i?aaiecaoeee( iai?eia?, yenia?eiaio n
eniieueciaaieai eaa?oe?u naeaeaoaey ) e ia eneeth/aii i?e/eiaiea
ii?aaaeaiiiai iaoa?eaeueiiai oua?aa. E?iia oiai , oeacaiea a
iinoaiiaeaiee ia oeaeue yenia?eiaioa iineoaeeo no?iaie iai?aaeaiiinoe
aeaenoaee neaaeiaaoaey , a cia/eo , e eo yooaeoeaiinoe [8, n. 33]. Iia
i?aaenoaaeyaony aieaa i?aaeeueiie ii yoiio aii?ino oi/ea c?aiey
?.N.Aaeeeia [3, n.33]. Ii n/eoaao , /oi iao ieeaeeo iniiaaiee aeey
auaeaeaiey neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ec ?yaea oaeeo neaaenoaaiiuo
aeaenoaee , eae iniio? , aeii?in , iiiciaiea , i?iecaiaenoai eioi?uo ia
o?aaoao i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai auianaiey iinoaiiaeaiey neaaeiaaoaeai , a
iiyoiio e ia o?aaoaony e eneeth/eoaeueiiai ii?yaeea. Eia/a aeieaeai
?aoaoueny yoio aii?in i?e i?iecaiaenoaa iiaoi?iiai yenia?eiaioa .
?aoaiea i i?iecaiaenoaa iiaoi?iiai yenia?eiaioa aeieaeii auoue
a?aoiaioe?iaaii, eai noaeo aeieaeii auoue ynii , ii/aio neaaeiaaoaeue
n/ae iaiaoiaeeiui iiaoi?ii i?iaanoe oa eee eiua iiuou.

Aeaaa IV Oaeoeea i?iaaaeaiey neaaenoaaiiiai

yenia?eiaioa.

4.1. Oaeoe/aneea oneiaey i?iaaaeaiey neaaenoaaiiiai

yenia?eiaioa.

Iiae oaeoeeie neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa neaaeoao iiieiaoue
niaieoiiinoue i?eaiia e niiniaia , ?aeiiaiaeaoeee , iaania/eaathueo
niaethaeaiea iniiaiuo oneiaee , iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey aai iauaeoeaiiai
i?iaaaeaiey e iieo/aiey aeinoiaa?iuo ?acoeueoaoia . I?e i?iaaaeaiee
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa neaaeiaaoaeue iaycai i?eiyoue ana
iaiaoiaeeiua ia?u aeey no?iaeaeoaai niaethaeaiey caeiiiinoe e ii?i
i?aanoaaiiinoe.

Oaeoe/aneea oneiaey i?iaaaeaiey neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ii-?aciiio
ii?aaeaeythony ?acee/iuie aaoi?aie . Oae , iai?eia? , O.A.Aeacu?ei e
A.I. E?oaeeeia aeatho ia?a/aiue iaueo oneiaee i?iaaaeaiey yenia?eiaioa ,
a eioi?ue aeeth/atho :

auianaiea iinoaiiaeaiey i i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioa ,

o/anoea iaiaoiaeeiuo eeoe ,

o/anoea neaaeiaaoaey e iiiyouo ,

ia?aie/aiiia /enei o/anoieeia ,

iaaeiionoeiinoue oieaeaiey /anoe e aeinoieinoaa , a oaeaea nicaeaiey
iianiinoe aeey o/anoieeia ,

nicaeaiea iaeneiaeueii noiaeiuo oneiaee

i?iaaaeaiea iaiaoiaeeiuo iaeneiaeueii noiaeiuo iiuoiuo aeaenoaee;

onoaiiaeaiea ii?yaeea e iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe ioaeaeueiuo yoaiia
i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioa ,

iaiaeiie?aoiinoue iiuoiuo aeaenoaee ,

ninoaaeaiea i?ioieiea [8, n.32].

I?e aiaeeca ia?a/eneaiiuo aeaenoaee iao?oaeii caiaoeoue , /oi
oeacaiiua aaoi?u niaoeaatho a iaeio a?oiio oaeoe/aneea oneiaey e
i?ioeannoaeueiua o?aaiaaiey , i?aaeuyaeyaiua i?e i?iecaiaenoaa
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa .

Ae?oaea aaoi?u oeacuaatho neaaeothuea oaeoe/aneea oneiaey
i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa :

aini?iecaaaeaiea aeaenoaee , ianoaiiaee e eiuo ianoiyoaeuenoa
ii?aaeaeaiiiai niauoey e niaa?oaiea i?e yoii iaiaoiaeeiuo iiuoiuo
aeaenoaee ia aeieaeii oieaeaoue /anoe e aeinoieinoaa o/anoieeia
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa e ie?oaeathueo , a oaeaea ia aeieaeii
nicaeaaaoue iianiinoe aeey eo caei?iauey ;

eiathony oaoie/aneea e i?aaiecaoeeiiiua aiciiaeiinoe aeey i?iecaiaenoaa
aeaiiiai neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey ( oi anoue a ?anii?yaeaiea
neaaeiaaoaey iiaoo auoue i?aaenoaaeaiu iaiaoiaeeiua iaoa?eaeu ,
eino?oiaiou , iaoeiu , ioeyaee e o.i.) ;

i?e i?iecaiaenoaa aeaiiiai neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey iiaoo auoue nicaeaiu
oneiaey , aiaeiae/iua , aaeaeaaoiua eee iaeneiaeueii i?eaeeaeaiiua e oai
a eioi?uo ?aaeueii i?ienoiaeeei niauoea , ianoiyoaeuenoaa eioi?iai eee
iieacaiey i eioi?ii neaaeoao i?iaa?eoue eee ooi/ieoue [2, n. 283].

Iaeiiaoe, a ?yaea ?aaio aac ii?aaeaeaiiie nenoaiu i?inoi ia?a/eneythony
ioaeaeueiua /anoiua oaeoe/aneea i?eaiu [18, N.260]:

iiaoi?aiea iiuoia a iaeieo e oao aea oneiaeyo a oeaeyo oneeaiey
aeinoiaa?iinoe ?acoeueoaoia ;

iiaoi?aiea iiuoia n eciaiaieai oneiaee ( a?ii/a , oeoa . i?e
yenia?eiaioa ia aiciiaeiinoue neuoaoue e ae?.);

eiio?ieueiua iiuoiua aeaenoaey n ae?oaeie eniieieoaeyie (i /ai
iaycaoaeueii aiai?eoueny a i?ioieiea );

?an/eaiaiea iiuoia ii yoaiai i?e neiaeiuo neaaenoaaiiuo yenia?eiaioao.

ia?aiaia ianoa iaoiaeaeaiey o/anoieeia ( iniaaiii iiiyouo ) , eiaaea
iiuou i?iaiaeyony ia cia/eoaeueiii ?annoiyiee ?acee/iuo o/anoieeia ae?oa
io ae?oaa.

Iia i?aaenoaaeyaony , /oi oaeoe/aneea oneiaey i?iaaaeaiey
neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey ia en/a?iuaaaony oai eee eiui ioaeaeueiui
oaeoe/aneei i?eaiii e i?aaenoaaeyao aieaa oe?ieia iiiyoea . Iiyoiio , ia
iie acaeyae , aieaa ia?a/aiue oaeoe/aneeo oneiaee aue i?aaeeiaeai
?.N.Aaeeeiui [19, c. 143-146]:

1)Aeinoeaeaiea iaeneiaeueii noiaeiie ianoaiiaee e niaea?aeaiey
yenia?eiaioaeueiiai niauoey n oaie , a eioi?uo eiaee ianoi niauoea eee
oaeo , eioa?anothuea neaaeiaaoaey (oi aea ianoi , oi aea a?aiy ,
noiaeiua oneiaey , iiaeeeiiua eee noiaeiua i?aaeiaou ).

Nouiinoue yoiai oaeoe/aneiai oneiaey ninoieo a noiaenoaa
yenia?eiaioaeueii inouanoaeyaiuo aeaenoaee n aeaenoaeyie enneaaeoaiuie
eae ii eo niaea?aeaieth , oae e ii ianoaiiaea e ae?oaei ii?aaeaeythuei
ianoiyoaeuenoaai. Auiieiaiea yoiai oaeoe/aneiai oneiaey a ia?aoth
i/a?aaeue caaeneo io aeaea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa . Oae , anee iiuo
i?iaiaeeoueny ia ianoiinoe , oi aaaeiuie oaeoi?aie noaiiayony a?aiy aai
i?iaaaeaiey e iiaiaeiua oneiaey . A yoii neo/aa neaaeiaaoaeth i?aaeaea
anaai iaiaoiaeeii onoaiiaeoue iaoaioneiaey , i?e/ai ia oieueei ni neia
o/anoaothueo a yenia?eiaioa caeioa?aniaaiiuo eeoe e naeaeaoaeae , ii e
iaiin?aaenoaaiii cai?inea ia yoii iaoaineoaeao . Aiaeiae/ii ?aoaaony
aii?in i i?iaaaeaiee iiuoia a oneiaeyo eneonnoaaiiiai inaauaiey , aaea
aeieaeiu auoue eniieueciaaiu oaeea aea eneonnoaaiiua enoi/ieee naaoa.

A oao neooaoeeyo , eiaaea i?e i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioa
eniieuecothony eaeea-eeai i?aaeiaou , iie aeieaeiu auoue ii aiciiaeiinoe
iiaeeeiiuie. Eiaaea yoi iaaiciiaeii ii eaeei-eeai i?e/eiai , oi
ecaioaaeeaaaony eo iaeaou eee iiaeaee. *aua anaai noiaeiua i?aaeiaou
i?eiaiythony i?e i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioa ii aeaeai i oeuaieyo
ainoaea?noaaiiiai eiouanoaa (a oao neo/ayo , eiaaea i?iaa?yaony
aiciiaeiinoue auiina aaue /a?ac eaeia-eeai ioaa?noea ). I?e
aaoiaei?iaeiuo i?ienoanoaeyo , eae i?aaeei , a oiaea yenia?eiaioa
i?eiaiythony iaiaeaiu .

I?e i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioa ii onoaiiaeaieth aiciiaeiinoe /oi-eeai
neuoaoue , a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue noiaenoai caoeiauo
oneiaee , oi anoue oa?aeoa? caoea , aai neeo , oiiaeueiinoue , oaia? , e
e?iia oiai , e aiaoiea oaeoi?u , eioi?ua iiaee eneaceoue neuoeiinoue (
iai?eia? , aeeth/aiiue ia iieioth iiuiinoue oaeaaeci? , ooi
i?iacaeathuaai ieii o?ainii?oa , oi?io aeiaeaey ca ieiii e o.i. ) .

Aaaeiui oaeoe/aneei i?eaiii , iaania/eaathuei i?iaaaeaiea
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa a oneiaeyo iaeneiaeueii noiaeiuo n oaie , a
eioi?uo eiaei ianoi niauoea eee oaeo , eioa?anothuea neaaeiaaoaey
yaeyaony ?aeiino?oeoeey ianoaiiaee .

Iiae ?aeiino?oeoeeae ianoaiiaee iiieiaaony ?aniieiaeaiea i?aaeiaoia
(oao aea eee aiaeiae/iuo ) ia ianoa i?iaaaeaiey yenia?eiaioa a oii
ii?yaeea , a eaeii iie iaoiaeeeenue a iiiaio i?ienoanoaey . A ?aieao
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa e?eieiaeenoe/aneay ?aeiino?oeoeey eiaao
neaaeothuea ?aciiaeaeiinoe [5 , n. 78] :

?aeiino?oeoeey oneiaee aac eniieueciaaiey eaeeo-eeai i?aaeiaoia ;

?aeiino?oeoeey n eniieueciaaieai iiaeeeiiuo i?aaeiaoia ;

?aeiino?oeoeey n eniieueciaaieai i?aaeiaoia-aiaeiaia ;

?aeiino?oeoeey n eniieueciaaieai eieoaoeee , iiaeaee?iaaiey o?aaiaioia
ianoaiiaee , iaeaoia , iiaeaeae , iaiaeaiia.

I?aaeaeu ?aeiino?oeoeee ianoaiiaee ii?aaeaeythony , ai-ia?auo ,
iaee/eai iaiaoiaeeiuo i?aaeiaoia , ai-aoi?uo , ninoiyieai ianoa , aaea
aoaeao i?iaiaeeoueny yenia?eiaio , a- o?aoueeo , niaea?aeaieai naieo
iiuoia .

2)Noiaenoai oaiia i?iaiaeeiuo iiuoia , n oai , a eioi?ii i?ioaeaei
iiaeeeiiia niauoea.

Yoi oneiaea eiaao aieueoia cia/aiea i?e i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa , iniaaiii ii aeaeai i aei?iaeii-o?ainii?oiuo
i?ienoanoaeyo. A yoeo neo/ayo , anee aiciiaeii , iiuoiua aeaenoaey
aeieaeiu auiieiyoue naie iioa?iaaoea e ae?oaea caeioa?aniaaiiua eeoea ,
eioi?ua o/anoaotho a i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioa. Oae, neaaeiaaoaeue
?IAAe ai?iaea *aeyaeinea ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo , aicaoaeaeaiiiio ii oaeoo
iaacaea o?ieeaeaona ia a?aaeaeaieo Na?aeaiei , i?iaae neaaenoaaiiue
yenia?eiaio n oeaeueth onoaiiaeoue a?aiy , cao?a/aiiia iioa?iaaoae ia
ia?aoiae oeeoeu aei ianoa noieeiiaaiey. Naeaeaoaeueieoea oeacaea , n
eaeie i?eia?ii nei?inoueth oea iioa?iaaoay , e naia i?ioea o?e ?aca
ioia/aiiia ?annoiyiea n oie aea , ii aa neiaai , nei?inoueth.
Neaaeiaaoaeue naeoiaeiia?ii caoeene?iaae a?aiy . Ai anao o?ao neo/ayo
?acoeueoaou auee ?aciua . Anee o/anoue e oio oaeo , naia iioa?iaaoay a
iiiaio noieeiiaaiey iiaea eaeoe e auno?aa , e iaaeeaiian naeaeaoaey , oi
i/aaeaeii , /oi oaeea ?acoeueoaou aoaeoo iineoue i/aiue i?eaeeceoaeueiue
oa?aeoa? . ( i?aeoeea ) Iiyoiio iiaeii neacaoue , /oi iiaeaea?aeaiea
?aaeueiiai oaiia ai a?aiy iiuoia yaeyaony iaeaieaa neiaeiui e , ii
iaeioi?ui aeaeai yenia?eiaioa , i/aiue aaaeiui oneiaeai .

3) O/ao eciaieaoeony e ia iiaeaeathueony ?aeiino?oeoeee oneiaee .

Yoi oaeoe/aneia oneiaea iaoneiaeaii oai , /oi ia anaaaea neaaeiaaoaeth
oaeaaony aeinoe/ue iaeneiaeueiiai noiaenoaa iaaeaeo oneiaeyie
yenia?eiaioa e oneiaeyie enneaaeoaiiai niauoey . Eiiaaea yoi noiaenoai a
aunoae noaiaie oneiaii. Oae , iai?eia? , ioaeii yenia?eiaioaeueiui iooai
onoaiiaeoue nei?inoue nai?aiey oiai eee eiiai iauaeoa. Naiiai iauaeoa o
ian iao , ii nai?ae , e iiyoiio i?iaanoe yenia?eiaio iaiin?aaenoaaiii
n iei iaiin?aaenoaaiii n iei ia i?aaenoaaeyaony aiciiaeiui. Aeiionoei ,
/oi iu ia iiaeai e caiaieoue aai a oi/iinoe oaeei aea iauaeoii . Iaeiaei
yoi ia cia/eo , /oi a yoii neo/aa iu ia niiaeai i?iaanoe yenia?eiaio.
I?inoi i?e ioeaiea ?acoeueoaoia yenia?eiaioa iaiaoiaeeii aoaeao o/anoue
noaiaiue ianiaiaaeaiey oneiaee yenia?eiaioa e enneaaeoaiiai niauoey .

4) Iiiaie?aoiinoue iiaoi?aiey iaeii?iaeiuo iiuoia .

Iaiaeiie?aoiia iiaoi?aiea iaeieo e oao aea iiuoia a i?ioeanna iaeiiai
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa iicaieyao aieaa ouaoaeueii eco/eoue
enneaaeoaiia yaeaiea , oaaaeeoueny a oii , /oi iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou
ia neo/aeiu e aeinoiaa?iu .

Ii nooue iienuaaaiiai oaeoe/aneiai oneiaey caeeth/aaony ia oieueei a
eiee/anoaaiiii iiaoi?aiee i?aaei?eieiaaiuo iiuoia. Aeey aieueoae
iaaeyaeiinoe e oaaaeeoaeueiinoe eiiaaea ?aeiiaiaeoaony iiieii iau/iuo
i?iaiaeeoue iiuou a niciaoaeueii eciaiaiiuo oneiaeyo , /oiau
i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaoue aeinoiaa?iinoue yenia?eiaioa . E.A. A?ioeea?
niaa?oaiii , eiaaea aiai?eo , /oi neaaeiaaoaeue , iiaoi?yy iiuou e
eciaiyy iaeiia?aiaiii oneiaey , iiaeao onoaiiaeoue , eaeia aeeyiea yoe
oneiaey ieacuaatho ia ?acoeueoaou [17, n. 194]. E?iia yoiai,
aeinoeaeaiea a eciaiaiiuo oneiaeyo ?acoeueoaoia , iiaee?aieythueo
?acoeueoaou i?aaeieo iiuoia , aeaeaao iineaaeiaa aua aieaa
oaaaeeoaeueiuie , /oi iniaaiii oeaiii i?e i?iaaaeaiee yenia?eiaioa n
oeaeueth i?iaa?ee e ioeaiee neaaenoaaiiuo aa?nee .

Eciaiaiea oneiaee iiaeao caeeth/aoueny a eo oneiaeiaiee eee oi?iuaiee,
oooaeoaiee eee oeo/oaiee . A ia?aii neo/aa niciaoaeueii cao?oaeiyaony
iieo/aiea ?acoeueoaoia , aiaeiae/iuo oaea aeinoeaiooui , ai aoi?ii
neo/aa yoa caaea/a iaeaa/aaony . Oneiaeiaiea oneiaee i?iecaiaeeoueny
iau/ii i?e i?iaa?ea aa?nee , eiaaea o?aaoaony , onoaiiaeoue , /oi e a
eciaieaoeony oneiaeyo oaeo iiaeao auoue iauyniai n oi/ee c?aiey
auaeaeiooie aa?nee . Niciaoaeueiia oi?iuaiea eee oneiaeiaiea oneiaee
yenia?eiaioa oaaaeeoaeueii i?e i?iaa?ea iieacaiee iaaeiyaiuo ia
ianoiyoaeuenoaao niauoey.

Aiai?y i iiiaie?aoiinoe i?iaaaeaiey iiuoia , eiaaony a aeaeo iiaoi?aiea
iaeii?iaeiuo iiuoia . Anee a i?ioeanna yenia?eiaioa i?iaeaeuaaaony
ianeieueei ?acee/iuo iiuoia , ii eaaeaeue ec ieo i?iaaaeai oieueei iaeei
?ac , oi iaeeoei aua iao iiiaie?aoiinoe . I iineaaeiae iiaeii aoaeao
aiai?eoue oieueei oiaaea , eiaaea iiuo aoaeao iiaoi?ai ianeieueei ?ac .

Io iiiyoey iiiaie?aoiinoe iiuoia neaaeoao ioee/aoue e i?iecaiaenoai
iiaoi?iiai yenia?eiaioa .

Iiaoi?iue yenia?eiaio i?iaiaeeoueny a oao neo/ayo , eiaaea
neaaeiaaoaeue i?e i?iecaiaenoaa ia?aiai yenia?eiaioa aeiionoee ioeaee ,
/aua anaai a aii?ina i noiaenoaa oneiaee yenia?eiaioa e iiaeeeiiiai
niauoey. A yoii neo/aa i?e iiaoi?iii yenia?eiaioa any yenia?eiaioaeueiay
?aaioa i?iaiaeeony nia/aea. Iiaoi?iue yenia?eiaio aoaeao iiaui
i?ioeannoaeueiui aeaenoaeai , i?iecaiaeeiuo a oneiaeyo , ioee/iuo io
oneiaee ia?aiai yenia?eiaioa. Aiai?y i iiiaie?aoiinoe iiuoia , eiaaony
a aeaeo i?iaaaeaiea eo ianeieueei ?ac ai a?aiy iaeiiai yenia?eiaioa .

I?iaaaeaiea iiuoia a ianeieueei yoaiia .

Yoi iaeaa/aao aini?eyoea , aiaeec , oeenaoeeth i?iaiaeeiuo
iiuoiuo aeaenoaee e iicaieyao iaaethaeaoue yenia?eiaioaeueiia yaeaiea ai
anao aai noaaeeyo.

?an/eaiaiea i?aaei?eieiaaiuo iiuoia iiaeao auoue oneiaiui ,
iuneaiiui a oao neo/ayo , eiaaea oaii i?iaeaeuaaaiuo aeaenoaee ia iiaeao
auoue caiaaeeai . Yoi ?an/eaiaiea aeinoeaaaony oai, /oi i?e iiiaie?aoii
i?iaiaeeiuo iaeii?iaeiuo iiuoao neaaeiaaoaeue eco/aao iineaaeiaaoaeueii
iaeei yoai iiuoa ca ae?oaei , oi anoue a eaaeaeii iiuoa – oieueei iaeei
aai yeaiaio , a a oeaeii ii anai iiuoai iieo/aao i?aaenoaaeaiea iai anai
yaeaiee.

?an/eaiaiea i?iaiaeeiuo iiuoia iiaeao auoue ?aaeueiui , eiaaea
io oaiia iiuoa ia caaeneo aai ?acoeueoao e eiaaea iinea eaaeaeie noaaeee
iiuo iiaeii i?einoaiiaeoue ia eaeie-oi i?iiaaeooie a?aiaie aeey
oeenaoeee aeinoeaiooiai.

4.2. Yoaiu i?iaaaeaiey neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa.

I?iecaiaenoai neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa i?ioiaeeo o?e yoaia :
iiaeaioiaeoaeueiue yoai ; yoai i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioaeueiuo
aeaenoaee e caeeth/eoaeueiue yoai.

Ia iiaeaioiaeoaeueiii yoaia neaaeiaaoaeue auiieiyao
neaaeothuea aeaenoaey :

1) i?aaenoaaeyaony i?eauaoei ii aai auciao eeoeai , iauyaeyao i ia/aea
i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa e onoaiaaeeaaao ee/iinoue
eaaeaeiai ec aai o/anoieeia ;

2) ?acuyniyao iioa?iaaoaio , iaaeiyaiiio ( iiaeic?aaaaiiio ) e aai
caueoieeo ( anee oeacaiiua eeoea o/anoaotho a i?iecaiaenoaa
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ) i?aai cayaeoue ioaiae neaaeiaaoaeth ,
ia?aaiae/eeo e niaoeeaeenoai , a oaeaea auyniyao o ia?aaiae/eea e
niaoeeaeenoia , iao ee o ieo iniiaaiee aeey cayaeaiey naiiioaiaea;

3) ?acuyniyao iiiyoui , ia?aaiae/eeo e niaoeeaeenoai eo iaycaiiinoe e
i?aaa , a oaeaea i?aaeoi?aaeaeaao ia?aaiae/eea ia ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca
caaaaeiii iai?aaeeueiue ia?aaiae , a niaoeeaeenoia – ca ioeac eee
oeeiiaiea io auiieiaiey naieo iaycaiiinoae;

4) i?aaeoi?aaeaeaao o/anoieeia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ia
ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca ?acaeaoaiea aeaiiuo i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai neaaenoaey ;

5) oaaaeiieyao o/anoieeia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa i i?eiaiaiee
oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa oeenaoeee oiaea e ?acoeueoaoia neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa e i iieueciaaiee iaiaeaiia, ioeyaeae e o.i.;

6) oeene?oao a i?ioieiea oaeo auiieiaiey ia?a/eneaiiuo aeaenoaee , a
oaeaea a?aiy ia/aea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa , /oi oaeinoiaa?yaony
iiaeienyie o/anoieeia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ;

7) aeaao caaeaiea nio?oaeieeai i?aaia aeiciaiey oaeaeeoue iinoi?iiieo
eeoe n ianoa i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, a a neo/aa
iaiaoiaeeiinoe – i?einoaiiaeoue aeaeaeaiea o?ainii?oa ia ii?aaeaeaiiia
a?aiy e iaania/eoue aaciianiinoue o/anoieeia neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa;

8) i?iaiaeeo eino?oeoaae o/anoieeia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, a
oiaea eioi?iai :

?acuyniyao oeaeue neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa , niaea?aeaiea e
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue auiieiaiey aeaenoaee eaaeaeui ec o/anoieeia;

ii?aaeaeyao ianoi iaoiaeaeaiey eaaeaeiai ec o/anoieeia e ia?o?oou eo
ia?aaeaeaeaiey ii eiiaiaea neaaeiaaoaey ;

onoaiaaeeaaao niiniau nayce n o/anoieeaie neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ;

ii?aaeaeyao oi/ee nuaiee, i?eia?iia ?aniieiaeaiea niaoeeaeenoia i?e
i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaenoaee , a oaeaea o?aaiaiou
ianoaiiaee , eioi?ua aeieaeiu auoue caoeene?iaaiu .

Anee yenia?eiaioaeueiua aeaenoaey i?aaenoieo auiieiyoue iaaeiyaiiio (
iiaeic?aaaaiiio ) , oi inoaeueiuo o/anoieeia neaaeoao i?aaeoi?aaeeoue
i iaaeiionoeiinoe i?iyaeaiey a aai aae?an /oanoa iaaiaeiaaiey ,
i?ac?aiey eee aeaeinoe , oae eae yoi iiaeao i?eaanoe e ia?ooaieth
ineoieiae/aneiai eiioaeoa iaaeaeo neaaeiaaoaeai e iaaeiyaiui (
iiaeic?aaaaiui ) , a a eoiaa – e iaaiciiaeiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa .

Ia yoaia i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaenoaee inouanoaeyaony
aini?iecaaaeaiea aeaenoaee , ianoaiiaee eee eiuo ianoiyoaeuenoa
ii?aaeaeaiiiai niauoey e niaa?oaiea iaiaoiaeeiuo iiuoiuo aeaenoaee ( /.1
no. 182 OIE ). Ia?a/eneaiiua aeaenoaey iiaoo i?iecaiaeeoueny ii
ioaeaeueiinoe e a ?acee/iuo ni/aoaieyo .

Aini?iecaaaeaiea aeaenoaee i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iiaoi?aiea
iaaeiyaiui , iiaeic?aaaaiui , iioa?iaaoei eee naeaeaoaeai oao aeaenoaee
, eioi?ua eie auee niaa?oaiu ai a?aiy niauoey , yaeythuaainy i?aaeiaoii
?anneaaeiaaiey .

Aeey aini?iecaaaeaiey aeaenoaee , a ?acoeueoaoa eioi?uo ianooieea
nia?oue iioa?iaaoaai, iieuecothony ioeyaeaie i?oaeee i?anooieaiey e
iaiaeaiaie . Anee aeey aeinoiaa?iinoe ?acoeueoaoia neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa eiatho cia/aiea ?ino , aan e ae?oaea oece/aneea aeaiiua
iiaeaoaai , oi eniieuecoaiua iaiaeaiu aeieaeiu niioaaonoaiaaoue
caiaiyaiui eie iauaeoai .

Niiniaii aini?iecaaaeaiey aeaenoaee, eae i?aaeei, i?iaa?ythony e
ooi/iythony:

1) iaoaieci i?ienoaaeoaai niauoey eee ioaeaeueiua aai o?aaiaiou.

Iaeiaei i?e yoii iaaeiionoeii aini?iecaaaeaiea anae niaieoiiinoe
aeaenoaee , ia?acothueo niauoea i?anooieaiey , a oaeaea aeaenoaee ,
eioi?uie oieaeathony aeinoieinoai e /anoue o/anoieeia neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa e ie?oaeathueo e nicaeaaony iianiinoue aeey eo caei?iauey
(/. 2 no. 182 OIE );

2) aiciiaeiinoue niaa?oaiey eeoeii ii?aaeaeaiiuo aeaenoaee.

Aeaiiia ianoiyoaeuenoai oeaeaniia?acii i?iaa?youe a oii neo/aa , eiaaea
o neaaeiaaoaey anoue iniiaaiey iieaaaoue , /oi iaaeiyaiue
(iiaeic?aaaaiue ) a neeo naieo oece/aneeo aeaiiuo ia iia niaa?oeoue yoe
aeaenoaey , a niciaaony a eo niaa?oaiee aeey oiai , /oiau ia auei
onoaiiaeaii eeoei , aeaenoaeoaeueii niaa?oeaoaa i?anooieaiea.

A inoaeueiuo neo/ayo neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio aeey i?iaa?ee
niiniaiinoe eeoea niaa?oeoue ii?aaeaeaiiua aeaenoaey neaaeoao
i?iecaiaeeoue oieueei i?e e?aeiae iaiaoiaeeiinoe , n o/aoii neaaeothueo
niia?aaeaiee . Ai-ia?auo , iaaeiyaiue (iiaeic?aaaaiue ) ai a?aiy
niaa?oaiey i?anooieaiey iia i?iecaanoe oaeea aeaenoaey , eioi?ua ii
aeaaea i?e aeaeaiee ia niiaeao iiaoi?eoue a oiaea neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa .A neaaenoaaiiie i?aeoeea eiaee ianoi neo/ae, eiaaea
iaaeiyaiue a oiaea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ia niia i?ieoe n
iioeuaiiuie aauaie e 10 i, oioy a iiiaio niaa?oaiey i?anooieaiey ii
i?aiaeieae n yoeie aea aauaie ?annoiyiea nauoa 500 i. Ai-aoi?uo,
iaaeiyaiue, iiaeic?aaaaiue, a eiiaaea e iioa?iaaoee, iiaoo aeaoue
niaeanea ia o/anoea a neaaenoaaiiii yenia?eiaioa n oai, /oiau a oiaea
aai i?iecaiaenoaa i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaoue iaciaiea i?iaa?yaiuo
ianoiyoaeuenoa, ionoonoaea ii?aaeaeaiiuo iaaueia eee iaaiciiaeiinoue
niaa?oaiey ii?aaeaeaiiuo aeaenoaee aeey oiai, /oiau a iineaaeothuai
ioeacaoueny io ?aiaa aeaiiuo iieacaiee.

E?iia oiai, neaaeoao eiaoue a aeaeo, /oi iaaeiyaiue, iaoiaeyueeny iiae
no?aaeae, iiaeao aeaoue niaeanea ia .aini?iecaaaeaiea aeaenoaee, /oiau
i?aaei?eiyoue iiiuoeo iiaaaa, oie/oiaeeoue ecaanoiua aio, ii ia
ecaanoiua neaaeiaaoaeth neaaeu i?anooieaiey, ia?aaeaoue eioi?iaoeeth
nio/anoieeai e o.i.

Aini?iecaaaeaiea ianoaiiaee eee eiuo ianoiyoaeuenoa ii?aaeaeaiiiai
niauoey i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ainnicaeaiea ianoaiiaee (eee ioaeaeueiuo aa
o?aaiaioia) i?iaa?yaiiai niauoey a oii aeaea, a eaeii iia iaaethaeaeanue
eeoeii, iaoiaeeaoeiny ia ianoa, aaea i?iecioei aeaiiia niauoea.

Yoei niiniaii /aua anaai i?iaa?ythony e ooi/iythony iieacaiey
iaaeiyaiiai, iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iioa?iaaoaai eee naeaeaoaey i iaoaiecia
niaa?oaiey i?anooieaiey e i ae?oaeo ianoiyoaeuenoaao, eiathueo cia/aiea
aeey i?aaeeueiiai ?ac?aoaiey oaieiaiiai aeaea, i?e oneiaee, /oi
ianoaiiaea niauoey caia/aoeaeanue a eo iaiyoe a nayce n oai, /oi iie
iaaethaeaee aa a oio iiiaio, eiaaea i?ienoiaeeei aeaiiia niauoea.

Anee aini?eyoea ianoaiiaee iaoneiaeaii o/anoeai iaaeiyaiiai,
iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iioa?iaaoaai eee naeaeaoaey a iniio?a ianoa
i?ienoanoaey, oi oaeo aini?iecaaaeaiey eie ianoaiiaee i?iaa?yaiiai
niauoey ia eiaao aeieacaoaeuenoaaiiiai cia/aiey.

Aeey oiai /oiau ?acoeueoaou i?iecaiaeeiiai neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa
ioaa/aee o?aaiaaieyi aeinoiaa?iinoe e aeiionoeiinoe, iaiaoiaeeii
niaethaeaoue neaaeothuea i?aaeea:

1) e ia/aeo neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ianoaiiaea i?iaa?yaiiai niauoey
ia aeieaeia inoaaaoueny a oii aea aeaea, a eaeii iia aini?eieiaeanue
eeoeii, iieacaiey eioi?iai iiaeeaaeao i?iaa?ea e ooi/iaieth niie aii
aini?iecaaaeaiey ianoaiiaee eee eiuo ianoiyoaeuenoa ii?aaeaeaiiiai
niauoey;

2) ai a?aiy aini?iecaaaeaiey ianoaiiaee iaaeiionoeiu eaeea au oi ie auei
iiaeneacee, a oaeaea iaaeiionoeia iinoaiiaea iaaiaeyueo aii?inia.

Niaa?oaiea iiuoiuo aeaenoaee eae niiniaia i?iaa?ee e ooi/iaiey aeaiiuo
i?eiaiyaony, anee iaiaoiaeeii iiuoiui iooai onoaiiaeoue:

1) aiciiaeiinoue iaaethaeaiey e aini?eyoey ii?aaeaeaiiiai yaeaiey
(oaeoa). Niiniaii niaa?oaiey iiuoiuo aeaenoaee i?iaa?yaony niiniaiinoue
naeaeaoaeae, a eiiaaea iioa?iaaoeo, iaaeiyaiuo e iiaeic?aaaaiuo
aeaeaoue, neuoaoue eee eiui niiniaii aini?eieiaoue oaeou, yaeaiey,
ianoiyoaeuenoaa, i eioi?uo iie aeaee iieacaiey.

Neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio a aeaiiii neo/aa i?iecaiaeeony neaaeothuei
ia?acii:

a) aini?iecaiaeeony ianoaiiaea, a eioi?ie i?ienoiaeeei aini?eyoea
ii?aaeaeaiiiai yaeaiey (oaeoa). I?e yoii neaaeoao eiaoue a aeaeo, /oi
i?e i?iecaiaenoaa iiuoiuo aeaenoaee n oeaeueth ii?aaeaeaiey aiciiaeiinoe
oneuoaoue /oi-eeai, aeieaeii auoue iaania/aiii noiaenoai caoeiauo
oneiaee (oa?aeoa? ooia, enoiaeyuaai io aiaoieo enoi/ieeia, aai
oiiaeueiinoue, neea e o.i.). Aeey yoiai aeaeaoaeueii i?iecaiaeeoue
iiuoiua aeaenoaey a oi aea a?aiy, eiaaea i?ienoiaeeei i?iaa?yaiia
niauoea, a anee yoi iaaiciiaeii — a noiaeiia ii caoeiaui oneiaeyi a?aiy
nooie;

a) o/anoieee neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, auiieiythuea ooieoeee
noaoenoia, e aeaia iiiyouo caieiatho oeacaiiua neaaeiaaoaeai ianoa.
Ia?aae yoei noaoenou iieo/atho eino?oeoaae i oii, eaeea aeaenoaey e a
eaeie iiiaio iie aeieaeiu auiieieoue ii neaiaeo neaaeiaaoaey. I?e yoii a
neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?iaa?eoue niiniaiinoue eeoea aeaeaoue eee
ociaaaoue ae?oaia eeoei aeieaeiu auoue i?eiyou ia?u e oiio, /oiau eeoei,
/uee iieacaiey iiaeeaaeao i?iaa?ee e ooi/iaieth, ia noaei ecaanoii, eoi
eiaiii auiieiyao ooieoeee noaoenoa;

a) o/anoiee, iieacaiey eioi?iai i?iaa?ythony iooai niaa?oaiey iiuoiuo
aeaenoaee, e aeaia iiiyouo caieiatho ianoi, ia eioi?ii i?ienoiaeeei
aini?eyoea aeaiiiai oaeoa (yaeaiey). AEaeaoaeueii, /oiau o/anoiee
iieacaiey eioi?iai i?iaa?ythony a iiiaio i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa, aini?iecaiaeee oa aeaenoaey, eioi?ua ii auiieiye a iiiaio
aini?eyoey aeaiiiai oaeoa (yaeaiey);

a) ii neaiaeo neaaeiaaoaey noaoenou auiieiytho ii?aaeaeaiiua aeaenoaey;

ae) o/anoiee, iieacaiey eioi?iai i?iaa?ythony, iiyniyao, /oi ii aeaeae,
neuoae eee aini?eieiae eiui niiniaii;

a) ?acoeueoaou neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa oeene?othony a i?ioieiea.

Anee a oiaea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa iieo/ai io?eoeaoaeueiue
?acoeueoao, neaaeiaaoaeue aeieaeai oaaaeeoueny a oii, /oi yoi ia naycaii
n oooaeoaieai neooa eee c?aiey o/anoieea, iieacaiey eioi?iai
i?iaa?ythony, e iiaoi?eoue iiuoiua aeaenoaey n o/anoeai aeoaea?a.
Iaeiaei iieo/aiiue i?e yoii iieiaeeoaeueiue ?acoeueoao ia yaeyaony
aeieacaoaeuenoaii niiniaiinoe i?aaeuaeouaai o/anoieea aini?eieiaoue yoio
aea oaeo (yaeaiea);

2) aiciiaeiinoue niaa?oaiey ii?aaeaeaiiuo aeaenoaee. Iooai niaa?oaiey
iiuoiuo aeaenoaee i?iaa?yaony aiciiaeiinoue:

– i?aiaeieaoue ca ii?aaeaeaiiue i?iiaaeooie a?aiaie ii?aaeaeaiiia
?annoiyiea iaoeii eee n iiiiuueth ?acee/iuo o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa;

-ecaioiaeoue ii?aaeaeaiiua i?aaeiaou i?e iiiiue ?acee/iiai ?iaea
i?eniiniaeaiee ca ii?aaeaeaiiue i?iiaaeooie a?aiaie;

-ecaea/ue i?aaeiao ii?aaeaeaiiuo aaaa?eoia /a?ac ieii, i?ieii a noaia
eee iioieea e o.i.

Aeinoiaa?iinoue e oaaaeeoaeueiinoue ?acoeueoaoia neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa iaania/eaaaony iooai i?eiaiaiey neaaeothueo oaeoe/aneeo
i?eaiia:

1) iiaoi?aiea yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaenoaee a iaeieo e oao aea oneiaeyo.
Yoio oaeoe/aneee i?eai i?eiaiyaony a oao neo/ayo, eiaaea ia ?acoeueoaou
yenia?eiaioa iiaoo ieacaoue aeeyiea ?acee/iua, ia iiaeaeathueany o/aoo
neo/aeiua oaeoi?u, iai?eia?, aiacaiiue ooi eee ia/aaoayny iaoaeue a
iiiaio i?iecaiaenoaa iiuoiuo aeaenoaee n oeaeueth ii?aaeaeaiey
aiciiaeiinoe aini?eyoey ii?aaeaeaiiuo yaeaiee (oaeoia) e o.i.;

2) iiaoi?aiea yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaenoaee a eciaiaiiuo oneiaeyo. I?e
yoii noaaeony caaea/a o/anoue ana aiciiaeiua oneiaey, eioi?ua i?e
iaeiie?aoiii auiieiaiee yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaenoaee ia oaeaeinue
onoaiiaeoue eee oi/ii aini?iecaanoe;

3) i?iecaiaenoai eiio?ieueiuo yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaenoaee n o/anoeai
aeoaea?ia;

4) ?acaeaeaiea yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaenoaee ia yoaiu ( ii aeaeai i
ia?ooaieyo oaoieee aaciianiinoe, ii aeaeai ia aaoio?ainii?oiuo
i?ienoanoaeyo e o.i.).

Caeeth/eoaeueiue yoai ninoieo a caaa?oaiee ninoaaeaiey i?ioieiea
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa, ieaia ianoiinoe, aaea i?iecaiaeeeny
neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio, e noai aeaeaeaiey ai a?aiy aai i?iecaiaenoaa.

Aeaaa V Oeenaoeey oiaea, ?acoeueoaoia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa e
ioeaiea aai ?acoeueoaoia.

5.1. Oeenaoeey oiaea e ?acoeueoaoia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa.

Oiae neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa e iieo/aiiua i?e yoii ?acoeueoaou
aeieaeiu auoue i?ioeannoaeueii caoeene?iaaiu . N yoie oeaeueth
neaaeiaaoaeue ninoaaeyao i?ioieie neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ,
i?iecaiaeeo iaiaoiaeeiua ecia?aiey , ecaioaaeeaaao ieaiu e noaiu ,
i?eiaiyao , a oii /enea n iiiiuueth niaoeeaeenoa , aoaeeicaienue , oioi-
e aeaeainuaiea .

I?ioieie neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa – yoi iniiaiie i?ioeannoaeueiue
aeieoiaio , a eioi?ii iiae?iaii eceaaathony oneiaey , oiae e ?acoeueoaou
i?iecaaaeaiiiai neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ( /. no. OIE ) . Aeey oiai
/oiau i?ioieie iia yaeyoueny aeieacaoaeuenoaii ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo ( no.
OIE ) , ii aeieaeai oaeiaeaoai?youe neaaeothuei o?aaiaaieyi :

I?ioieie aeieaeai auoue ninoaaeai ee/ii neaaeiaaoaeai . Ae?oaea
o/anoieee neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa iiaoo aanoe ii ii?o/aieth
neaaeiaaoaey eeoue /a?iiaua caiene , a niaoeeaeeno – aoaeeicaienue
oiaea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa , oioi- e aeaeainuaiea .

I?ioieie aeieaeai niaea?aeaoue iienaiea oieueei oao aeaenoaee , eioi?ua
auiieiyeenue i?e i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa . A iai
iaiaoiaeeii iiae?iaii iienaoue ana aeaenoaey , auiieiyaiua a oiaea
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa , e a oie iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe , eae iie
auiieiyeenue .

I?ioieie aeieaeai auoue ninoaaeai oaeei ia?acii , /oiau a iai
niaea?aeaeenue ana iaiaoiaeeiua ?aeaeceou .

Aaiaeiay /anoue i?ioieiea niaea?aeeo neaaeothuea ?aeaeceou :

iaeiaiiaaiea aeieoiaioa ;

aeaoo e ianoi i?iaaaeaiey neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ;

a?aiy ia/aea e ieii/aiey neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ;

aeieaeiinoue , caaiea eee eeanniue /ei , oaieeeth e eieoeeaeu eeoea ,
ninoaaeaoaai i?ioieie ;

naaaeaiey ia o/anoieeao neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ( oaieeee , eiaia e
io/anoaa , a neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe ianoi ?aaiou e ianoi aeeoaeuenoaa ) n
oeacaieai eo i?ioeannoaeueiiai iieiaeaiey eee oeaeae o/anoey ;

noaouee oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiiai caeiia , ia iniiaaiee eioi?uo e n
niaethaeaieai eioi?uo i?iecaaaeai neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ;

oeaeue neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ;

naaaeaiey i oii, /oi o/anoieeai neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa auee
?acuyniaiu eo i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe e i oii , /oi iie auee
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiu i iaaeiionoeiinoe ?acaeaoaiey aeaiiuo , iieo/aiiuo a
oiaea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ;

naaaeaiey ia oaaaeiieaiee o/anoieeia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa i
i?eiaiaiee iao/ii-oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa.

A iienaoaeueiie /anoe i?ioieiea oeacuaathony :

niinia i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ( aini?iecaaaeaiea
aeaenoaee ; aini?iecaaaeaiea ianoaiiaee eee ii?aaeaeaiiuo ianoiyoaeuenoa
; niaa?oaiea iiuoiuo aeaenoaee ) e iiaeaioiaeoaeueiua ia?ii?eyoey ,
eioi?ua aeey yoiai auee auiieiaiu ;

ii?yaeie ?ani?aaeaeaiey iaycaiiinoae iaaeaeo o/anoieeaie neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa ( eoi auiieiye yenia?eiaioaeueiua aeaenoaey , eoi eniieiye
ooieoeee noaoenoia e o. ae.) ;

niaea?aeaiea e iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaenoaee . Eo
neaaeoao iienuaaoue iiae?iaii , io?aaeay eae nai i?ioeann i?iecaiaenoaa
yenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeaenoaey , oae e aai ?acoeueoaou .Anee
yenia?eiaioaeueiua aeaenoaey aa?uee?iaaeenue , oi iaiaoiaeeii oeacaoue
eaeea oneiaey eciaiyeenue . I?e yoii aeieaeai auoue iienai eaaeaeue
aa?eaio i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaenoaee ;

naaaeaiey i i?eiaiaiee i?e i?iecaiaenoaa yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaenoaee
iaiaeaiia , ioeyaeae i?oaeee i?anooieaiey e ae?oaeo oaoie/aneeo
i?eniiniaeaiee e iieo/aiiua a yoie nayce ?acoeueoaou ;

naaaeaiey i i?eiaiaiee oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa oeenaoeee oiaea e
?acoeueoaoao neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa .

A caeeth/eoaeueiie /anoe i?ioieiea oeene?othony :

cayaeaiey e caia/aiey o/anoieeia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ii iiaiaeo
i?aaeeueiinoe i?iecaaaeaiiuo yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaenoaee e iieo/aiiuo
i?e yoii ?acoeueoaoia ;

naaaeaiey i ieaiao e noaiao , ninoaaeaiiuo i?e i?iaaaeaiee
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa e i?eiauaiiuo e i?ioieieo ;

naaaeaiey ia iciaeiieaiee n i?ioieieii anao o/anoieeia neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa e oaeinoiaa?aiea eo iiaeienyie oaeoa niioaaonoaey i?ioieiea
i?iecaaaeaiiui aeaenoaeyi .

Aeiiieieoaeueiua n?aaenoaa oeenaoeee . I?e i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa iiaoo i?iecaiaeeoueny ecia?aiey , i?eiaiyoueny oioi- e
aeaeainuaiea e aoaeeicaienue.

I?eiaiaiea eiie?aoiuo n?aaenoa oeenaoeee caaeneo io oa?aeoa?a aeaenoaee
, auiieiyaiuo a oiaea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa .

Anee i?iaiaeeony neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio , /oiau onoaiiaeoue
aiciiaeiinoue aini?eyoey /aai-eeai eee aiciiaeiinoue nouanoaiaaiey
eaeiai-eeai oaeoa , yaeaiey , oi aeinoaoi/ii , eniieueciaaoue
oioiaiia?ao aeey oeenaoeee ianoaiiaee , iaeaoia, ?aniieiaeaiey ethaeae.
Oioia?aoe?iaaiea i?iaiaeeoueny aei ?aeiino?oeoeee e iinea iaa.

Aeey oeenaoeee iiuoia, iniiaiui niaea?aeaieai eioi?uo yaeythony
aeeiaie/aneea i?ioeannu, i?eiaiyaony aeaeaiaiia?aoo?a. A neaaenoaaiiuo
yenia?eiaioao ii onoaiiaeaieth i?ioanneiiaeueiuo e eiuo iaaueia
/aeiaaea , ii onoaiiaeaieth iaoaiecia niauoey eee ia?aciaaiey neaaeia
?aeiiaiaeoaony naeaeaoue aeaeaicaienue( eeiinuaieo ) ianoaiiaee ,
i?aaeiaoia , iaeaoia aei ?aeiino?oeoeee e iinea ?aeiino?oeoeee ,
aeaenoaee o/anoieeia yenia?eiaioa , aiiaue nicaeaiiua i?aaeiaou .I?e
yoii aeaeaoaeueii i?iecaiaeeoue nuaieo aani?a?uaii . N yoie oeaeueth
iaiaoiaeeii ouaoaeueii i?iaeoiaoue , eaeea eiaiii aeaenoaey iaiaoiaeeii
caoeene?iaaoue oaeei niiniaii .

A i?ioieiea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa aeieaeii auoue oi/ii oeacaii ,
eaeea eiaiii aeaenoaey e eaeie eiaiii iiiaio i?iecaiaenoaa
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa oeene?iaaeenue n iiiiuueth n?aaenoa eeii-
eee aeaeainuaiee . Anee inouanoaeoue aani?a?uaioth nuaieo iaaiciiaeii ,
oi eaaeaeue neo/ae ia?a?uaa iniai iaiaa?eaaaony a i?ioieiea
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa n oeacaieai i?e/ei e a?aiaie i?ae?auaiey e
aiciaiiaeaiey eeii- eee aeaeainuaiee .

O?aaiaaiey ioiineoaeueii iai?a?uaiinoe oeenaoeee oiaea neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa ?ani?ino?aiyaony e ia neo/ae i?eiaiaiey n?aaenoa
aoaeeicaiene.

I?e i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa aeey onoaiiaeaiey
aiciiaeiinoe aeaeaoue e neuoaoue /oi-eeai ?aeiiaiaeoaony ninoaaeyoue
ieaiu eee noaiu. Ia ieo oeacuaaaony: iaeiaiiaaiea iauaeoa, oneiaiua
iaicia/aiey, oeacaiea noi?ii naaoa; anee ieai ninoaaeai a ianooaaa, oi
aai ianooaa; iiaeiene neaaeiaaoaey e iiiyouo, aeaoa ninoaaeaiey.

5.2 Ioeaiea ?acoeueoaoia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa .

Iinea ieii/aiey neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ioeaieaaao
aeieacaoaeuenoaaiiia cia/aiea aai ?acoeueoaoia. Ioeaiea ?acoeueoaoia
iiuoiuo aeaenoaee neaaeiaaoaey eee noaeii iineo aeiaieueii neiaeiuo
oa?aeoa? e aeaeaei ia anaaaea iaeiicia/ia. I?aaeaea anaai, aeieaeia
auoue oaa?aiiinoue a oii, /oi ana iaiaoiaeeiua oneiaey, nouanoaiaaaoea a
?aaeueiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, a oiaea i?iaa?yaiiai niauoey auee
ainnicaeaiu eee niaethaeaiu. Aeieaeii auoue oaeaea ynii, /oi
nouanoaaiiuo eciaiaiee a ianoaiiaeo ia aiineeinue e /oi eiathueany
ioeeiiaiey ieeaeiai aeeyiey ia ?acoeueoao yenia?eiaioa ia ieacaee.
Oieueei iinea yoiai iiaeii ioeaieaaoue ?acoeueoaou.

A eeoa?aoo?a i?eiyoi n/eoaoue, /oi ?acoeueoaou neaaenoaaiiiai
yenia?eiaioa iiaoo auoue eeai iieiaeeoaeueiuie, eeai io?eoeaoaeueiuie.

Iieiaeeoaeueiue icia/aao , /oi eaeea-oi aeaenoaey iiaoo auoue niaa?oaiu
a niioaaonoaothueo oneiaeyo , a yaeaiey eee niauoea iiaei nouanoaiaaoue
, i?iecieoe a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe .

Io?eoeaoaeueiue ?acoeueoao naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i iaaiciiaeiinoe
niaa?oaiey ii?aaeaeaiiuo aeaenoaee e nouanoaiaaiey niauoey , yaeaiey a
ecaanoiuo oneiaeyo .

Iaeioi?ua aaoi?u n/eoatho, /oi iiaeao auoue e ioeaaie ?acoeueoao yoiai
neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey [ , n. 263] – eiathony a aeaeo neooaoeee,
eiaaea a oiaea yenia?eiaioa ia oaeaeinue ie iiaeoaa?aeeoue, ie
ii?iaa?aiooue oi eee eiia i?aaeiieiaeaiea. E n yoie oi/eie c?aiey
iaeuecy ia niaeaneoueny , oae eae auaaao , /oi a ioaeaeueiuo neo/ayo
yenia?eiaio eii/aaony aac?acoeueoaoii . Iai?eia?, oaeia iieiaeaiea
aicieeaao , eiaaea i?iaeaeaiiua iiuou i?eaiaeyo e ?aciui ?acoeueoaoai ,
ec-ca /aai iaaiciiaeii iaeiicia/ii ioeaieoue eiia/iue eoia . Oaeay aea
neooaoeey neeaaeuaaaony e oiaaea , eiaaea neaaeiaaoaeue ca?aiaa ciay , i
oii , /oi aini?iecaiaeeiua ei ianoiyoaeuenoaa ia iiaoo auoue
iaeneiaeueii noiaeiuie n oaie , eioi?ua nouanoaiaaee a iiiaio
eioa?anothuaai niauoey ec-ca neo/aeiiai oa?aeoa?a eo i?ienoiaeaeaiey ,
ana ?aaii i?iaiaeeoueny neaaenoaaiiue yenia?eiaio ii i?iaa?ea yoeo
ianoiyoaeuenoa . E caeanue aicieeaao aii?in , eae auoue n oaeeie
?acoeueoaoaie , iineieueeo iaecaanoii , eaeiau au iie auee i?e ae?oaeo
aieaa oi/ii ainnicaeaiiuo oneiaeyo ? Iiyoiio oeaeaniia?aciaa i?eciaaaoue
oaeea ?acoeueoaou ioeaauie.

Aii?in ia ioeaiee ?acoeueoaoia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa ia?ac?uaii
naycai n iiiyoeyie aeinoiaa?iinoe e aa?iyoiinoe auaiaeia neaaeiaaoaey e
noaea a i?ioeanna enneaaeiaaiey ianoiyoaeuenoa aeaea e onoaiiaeaiey
iauaeoeaiie enoeiu.

I?e yoii neaaeoao ?acee/aoue aeinoiaa?iinoue ?acoeueoaoia
neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa e aeinoiaa?iinoue auaiaeia, eioi?ua aeaeatho
neaaeiaaoaeue e noae ec ?acoeueoaoia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa. A
ia?aii neo/aa ?a/ue eaeao i i?aaeeueiinoe, enoeiiinoe ?acoeueoaoia
naiiai neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa. Aeinoiaa?iinoue ?acoeueoaoia yoiai
neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey icia/aao, /oi caoeene?iaaiiue ?acoeueoao
i?iaeaeaiiuo iiuoia aeaenoaeoaeueii eiae ianoi e /oi ii iaecaaaeai i?e
i?iecaiaenoaa aeaiiuo eiie?aoiuo iiuoia i?e aeaiiuo eiie?aoiuo oneiaeyo.

I aeinoiaa?iinoe ?acoeueoaoia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa iiaeii
aiai?eoue eeoue oiaaea, eiaaea ana i?iaeaeaiiua iiuou i?eaaee e iaeiiio
e oiia aea eoiao – eeai iieiaeeoaeueiiio , eeai io?eoeaoaeueiiio .

A ioaeaeueiuo neo/ayo ?acoeueoaou neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa iiaoo
auoue e iaaeinoiaa?iuie. Yoi aiciiaeii a oao neo/ayo , eiaaea
i?iaa?ythony iieacaiey caeioa?aniaaiiuo eeoe ( iiaeic?aaaaiiai,
iaaeiyaiiai, iioa?iaaoaai ) e naeaeaoaeae, eiaaea iiuoiua aeaenoaey
iaiin?aaenoaaiii naycaiu n eo eaeei-eeai noauaeoeaiuie ea/anoaaie .
Iai?eia? , a oiaea yenia?eiaioa i?iaa?yaony aiciiaeiinoue iaaeiyaiiai
auiieieoue eaeea-eeai aeaenoaey n eniieueciaaieai aai i?ioanneiiaeueiuo
iaaueia . Aeaaea anee ia?aae i?iaaaeaieai yenia?eiaioa iaaeiyaiue i?e
aeii?ina i?eciaeny a oii , /oi oiaao auiieiyoue niioaaonoaothuea
aeaenoaey , ii iiaeao a oiaea neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa n oeaeueth
aeaci?eaioaoeee neaaenoaey i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaoue naia iaoiaiea. A yoii
neo/aa, oioy ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioa e aoaeoo io?eoeaoaeueiuie, iie ia
aoaeoo yaeyoueny aeinoiaa?iuie.

A ioiioaiee iieiaeeoaeueiuo eoiaia yenia?eiaioa aii?in ?aoaaony
ianeieueei eia/a. Iieiaeeoaeueiua ?acoeueoaou naie ii naaa iinyo
aeinoiaa?iue oa?aeoa? . Oae , iai?eia? , anee neaaeiaaoaeue i?iaiaeeo
yenia?eiaio ii aiciiaeiinoe neuoaoue a eiiiaoa naeaeaoaey eaeea-oi e?eee
, oioy iineaaeiee e io?eoeaao yoi oaeo , ?acoeueoao yenia?eiaioa aoaeao
iieiaeeoaeueiui , oi anoue aiciiaeiinoue neuoaoue i?e niioaaonoaothueo
ianoiyoaeuenoaao onoaiiaeaia , a cia/eo , eoia aoaeao yaeyoueny oaeaea
aeinoiaa?iui . Ii anee neaaeiaaoaeue ia yoie iniiaa naeaeaao caeeth/aiea
i oii , /oi e naeaeaoaeue aeieaeai aue neuoaoue e?eee , eiaaea
iaoiaeeeny a eiiiaoa , oioy oio io?eoeaao iineaaeiaa , oi a aeaiiii
neo/aa auaiae aoaeao iaaeinoiaa?iui , iineieueeo ia eneeth/aia
aiciiaeiinoue , /oi naeaeaoaeue aeaenoaeoaeueii ii eaeei-eeai i?e/eiai
aini?eieiaoue yoe e?eee . Oaeei ia?acii , oioy aeinoiaa?iinoue
?acoeueoaoia yenia?eiaioa nouanoaaiiui ia?acii aeeyao ia aeinoiaa?iinoue
aeaiiuo neaaeiaaoaey, iaeiaei yoi aiana ia icia/aao eo i?yii
i?iii?oeeiiaeueiie caaeneiinoe.

Io aeinoiaa?iinoe ?acoeueoaoia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa neaaeoao
ioee/aoue, eae oaea aiai?eeinue, aeinoiaa?iinoue auaiaeia, e eioi?ui
i?eoiaeyo neaaeiaaoaeue e noae i?e ioeaiea ?acoeueoaoia i?iaeaeaiiuo
iiuoia. Yoio aii?in cia/eoaeueii neiaeiaa i?aaeuaeouaai.

?acoeueoaou neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa aeieaeiu ?anniao?eaaoueny eeoue
a niaieoiiinoe n ae?oaeie iaoa?eaeaie ?anneaaeoaiiai oaieiaiiai aeaea.
Eo neoaeaaiay ?ieue caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi iie eeai iiaeoaa?aeaeatho
eee ii?iaa?aatho nouanoaiaaaoaa o neaaeiaaoaey i?aaeiieiaeaiey, eeai
naie noaiiayony aacie aeey aiiaue aicieeathuaai i?aaeiieiaeaiey i oaeoa
eee yaeaiee. *oiau ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioa iiaee neoaeeoue iniiaaieai
aeey iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey eee ii?iaa?aeaiey oeao?e?iaaaoae a aeaea aa?nee,
auaiaeu neaaeiaaoaey eee noaea ec ?acoeueoaoia yenia?eiaioa aeieaeiu
auoue aeinoiaa?iu, oi anoue, enoeiiu, aeieaeiu io?aaeaoue iauaeoeaii
nouanoaothuoth aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue. A oii neo/aa, anee ?acoeueoaou
yenia?eiaioa neoaeao aacie aeey auaeaeaeaiey iiaie aa?nee, iiaiai
i?aaeiieiaeaiey i oaeoa eee yaeaiee, auaiaeu, naeaeaiiua ec ieo, iiaoo
auoue eae aeinoiaa?iuie, oae e aa?iyoiuie. Iai?eia? , a ?acoeueoaoa
yenia?eiaioa neaaeiaaoaeue auyniee , /oi ec ieia eiiiaou naeaeaoaey
i?ae?anii aeaeii ianoi i?ienoanoaey , cia/eo , aeinoiaa?iui auaiaeii ec
yoiai aeinoiaa?iiai ?acoeueoaoa aoaeao oi , /oi naeaeaoaeue , iaoiaeynue
a naiae eiiiaoa , iia aeaeaoue ianoi i?ienoanoaey . Aa?iyoiui eoiaii
aoaeao oi , /oi naeaeaoaeue aeaenoaeoaeueii aeaeae aeaiiia ianoi . E oio
, e ae?oaie auaiaeu iiaoo neoaeeoue iniiaaieai aeey auaeaeaeaiey aa?nee
i oii /oi naeaeaoaeue aeaeae ianoi i?ienoanoaey eee eaeei-oi ia?acii
inaaaeiieai i oii , /oi oai i?ienoiaeeei .

Iaeiaei i?e ioeaiea ?acoeueoaoia neaaeiaaoaeue aeieaeai aiaeece?iaaoue
ia oieueei naie eoiae , ii e oa oneiaey , a eioi?uo i?iaiaeeeny
yenia?eiaio , aai niaea?aeaiea . Niaa?oaiii i?aa E.A. A?ioeea? , eioi?ue
n/eoaao , /oi i?e ioeaiea ?acoeueoaoia neaaenoaaiiiai yenia?eiaioa “a)
iaiaoiaeeii aiaeece?iaaoue eiie?aoiua ianoiyoaeuenoaa aeaea , aucaaaoea
iaiaoiaeeiinoue a i?iaaaeaiee yenia?eiaioa ; a) neaaeoao ioeaieaaoue ana
oneiaey , i?e eioi?uo i?iaiaeeeny yenia?eiaio , a oaeaea o/eouaaoue
oa?aeoa? eciaieaoeony oneiaee . Yoi yaeyaony eiae/aneie i?aaeiinueeie
aeey i?aaeeueiuo auaiaeia ” [ 13, n. 30-32] .

Oaeei ia?acii, i?ioeann ioeaiee ?acoeueoaoia yenia?eiaioa caeeth/aaony
a neaaeothuai:

i?iaa?ea i?aaeeueiinoe aini?iecaaaeaiiuo oneiaee e ianoaiiaee , a
eioi?uo i?iaiaeeeny yenia?eiaio ;

i?iaa?ea i?aaeeueiinoe i?iaeaeaiiuo iiuoiuo aeaenoaee , /enoiou eo
niaea?aeaiey ;

ioeaiea ee/iuo ea/anoa o/anoieea , /uee iieacaiey i?iaa?ythony ( aeey
yenia?eiaioia ii i?iaa?ea iieacaiee ) ;

ioeaiea aeinoiaa?iinoe ?acoeueoaoia yenia?eiaioa e iieo/aiea a nayce n
yoei auaiaeia ;

niiinoaaeaiea iieo/aiiuo auaiaeia n ae?oaeie aeieacaoaeuenoaaie ii
aeaeo.

Caeeth/eoaeueiui yoaiii ?aaiou neaaeiaaoaey ii ioeaiea ?acoeueoaoia
yenia?eiaioa yaeyaony niiinoaaeaiea iieo/aiiuo aeaiiuo n ae?oaeie
aeieacaoaeuenoaaie.

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