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Сравнительная характеристика аналептиков, психостимуляторов и антидепрессантов

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Iiaineae?neee Iaaeeoeeineee Einonooo. Eaoaae?a oa?iaeieiaee. 1997 aiae.

?AOA?AO

N?aaieoaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea aiaeaioeeia, ineoinoeioeyoi?ia e
aioeaeai?annaioia

Auiieiaii nooaeaioii ea/aaiiai oaeoeueoaoa o?aoueaai eo?na aeaayoie
a?oiiu Aa?anaiei A. A.

IAEAAEAIEA

1.Iaoaieci aeaenoaey

2.Aeeyiea ia OeIN

3.Aeeyiea ia na?aea/ii-ninoaeenooth nenoaio

4.Aeeyiea ia AEEO e auaeaeeoaeueioth nenoaio

5.Aeeyiea ia aeuoaoaeueioth nenoaio

6.Iiai/iua yooaeou e ?acaeoea caaeneiinoe

Iaoaieci aeaenoaey

Aiaeaioeee yaeythony noeioeyoi?aie oeaio?aeueiie ia?aiie nenoaiu iauaai
aeaenoaey. Iie eeai oneeeaatho i?ioeann aicaoaeaeaiey, iaeaa/ay
iaaeiae?iiioth (neiaioe/aneoth) ia?aaea/o ia?aiuo eiioeuenia, eeai
iiaeaaeytho oi?iiciua iaoaieciu. Aeaenoaotho aiaeaioeee i?aeoe/anee ia
anao o?iaiyo oeaio?aeueiie ia?aiie nenoaiu. A oiene/aneeo aeicao
aiaeaioeee aucuaatho noaei?iae, iiyoiio eo eiiaaea iacuaatho
noaei?iaeiuie yaeaie.

Aiaeaioeee iaeaa/atho iaaeiae?iiioth ia?aaea/o ia?aiuo eiioeuenia,
oei?a/eaatho oeeee ainnoaiiaeaiey iioaioeeaeia, ninaeaaay i?aaeiinueee
aeey e??aaeeaoeee aicaoaeaeaiey e i?ieiiae?iaaiey neaaeiauo ?aaeoeee.
Aianoa n oai eiathony aiaeaioeee, iai?eia?iee?ioienei, oaiaoathuea
i?aneiaioe/aneia oi?iiaeaiea, iaaeeaoi?ii eioi?iai, ii-aeaeeiiio,
yaeyaony aaiia-aieiiianeyiay eeneioa (AAIE). No?eoiei aea ineaaeyao
iinoneiaioe/aneia oi?iiaeaiea, iaeaieaa aa?iyoiui iaaeeaoi?ii eioi?iai
yaeyaony aeeoeei. Ia oi?iiciie yooaeo AAIE no?eoiei ia aeeyao. Iiaeii
iieaaaoue, /oi iee?ioienei aeiee?oao i?aneiaioe/aneea AAIE-?aoeaioi?u, a
no?eoiei – iinoneiaioe/aneea aeeoeeiiaua ?aoeaioi?u.

Ineoinoeioeyoi?u iiauoatho iano?iaiea, niiniaiinoue e aini?eyoeth
aiaoieo ?acae?aaeaiee, ineoiiioi?ioth aeoeaiinoue. Iie oiaiueoatho
/oanoai onoaeinoe, iiauoatho oece/aneoth e oinoaaiioth
?aaioiniiniaiinoue (iniaaiii i?e ooiieaiee), a?aiaiii nieaeatho
iio?aaiinoue a nia. Iaoaieci aicaoaeaeathuaai aeaenoaey , iai?eia?
oaiaieia, iauyniyaony aai niiniaiinoueth inaiaiaeaeaoue ec
i?aneiaioe/aneeo ieii/aiee ii?aae?aiaeei e aeioaiei. Auaeeeeaoeany
eaoaoieaieiu noeioee?otho niioaaonoaothuea ?aoeaioi?u, eiathueany a
oeaio?aeueiie ia?aiie nenoaia. E?iia oiai oaiaiei, ii-aeaeeiiio,
ianeieueei oiaiueoaao ia?aoiue caoaao ii?aae?aiaeeia e aeioaieia.
Oaiiiei ieacuaaao iiin?aaeiaaiiia noeioee?othuaa aeeyiea ia aeueoa- e
aaooa-aae?aii?aoeaioi?u. O ie?eaeiea e ia?eaeeea ionoonoaotho
ia?eoa?e/aneea aae?aiiieiaoe/aneea yooaeou.

Iaoaieci noeioee?othuaai aeaenoaey neaeiiea?aa naycai n aaeoeaaoeeae
ii?aae?aia?ae/aneie nenoaiu.

O eioaeia aea ni/aoathony ineoinoeioee?othuea e aiaeaioe/aneea naienoaa.
N/eoaaony, /oi eioaei yaeyaony aoaaiienoii n aaeaiiceiii.

Aioeaeai?annaioaie iacuaatho aauanoaa, i?eiaiyaiua i?e aeaia?anneyo e
noaaeai?anneyo. Iaoaieci aeaenoaey, iai?eia? eieceia, naycuaatho ni
niiniaiinoueth oaiaoaoue ia?aoiue iae?iiaeueiue caoaao ii?aae?aiaeeia.
Yoi i?eaiaeeo e oiio, /oi a iaeanoe ?aoeaioi?ia iaeaieeaathony aieueoea
eiioeaio?aoeee iaaeeaoi?a e aae?aia?ae/aneea aeeyiey oneeeaathony. Ia
aeoeaiinoue iiiiaieiieneaeacu (IAI) ieicei ia aeeyao. Auneacuaaaony
oaeaea iiaiea i nouanoaaiiii cia/aiee aeoeaaoeee eieceiii
na?ioiieia?ae/aneeo i?ioeannia. Eiecei iiauoaao niaea?aeaiea o
?aoeaioi?ia aeoeaiiai na?ioiieia, /oi iiaeao auoue naycaii n ia?ooaieai
aai iae?iiaeueiiai e yeno?aiae?iiaeueiiai caoaaoa. Oneeaiea oi?iicyuaai
aeeyiey na?ioiieia ia eeiae/aneoth nenoaio iiaeao auoue iaeiei ec
aaaeiuo iaoaieciia aioeaeai?anneaiiai aeaenoaey eieceia. Ia eneeth/aii
oaeaea, /oi a ineoio?iiiii aeaenoaee eieceia ii?aaeaeaiioth ?ieue ea?aao
aai oeaio?aeueiia i-oieeiiaeiee?othuaa aeaenoaea.

E acaoaia ionoonoaotho i-oieeiiaeiee?othuea naienoaa. Iaoaieci
aioeaeai?anneaiiai aeaenoaey ie?aceaeiea iauyniyaony aai niiniaiinoueth
oaiaoaoue ia?aoiue iae?iiaeueiue caoaao ii?aae?aiaeeia e iacia/eoaeueiui
eiaeae?othuei aeeyieai ia IAI.

Aoi?ay a?oiia aioeaeai?annaioia – eiaeaeoi?u IAI – a ianoiyuaa a?aiy
ii/oe ia eniieuecothony a iaaeeoeeineie i?aeoeea ec-ca naiae aunieie
oiene/iinoe.

Aeeyiea ia OeIN

Aiaeaioeee iaeaaeatho noeioee?othuei aeaenoaeai i?aeoe/anee ia ana
ioaeaeu OeIN. Ia oeaio?u i?iaeieaiaaoiai iicaa – ei?acie, aaiaa?eae,
ei?aeeaiei. Ia nieiiie iica – no?eoiei. Ia ei?o aieiaiiai iicaa – eioaei
(iaeaaeathuee aiaeaioe/aneeie naienoaaie). Oaaee/aiea aeicu aiaeaioeeia
i?eaiaeeo e aaia?aeecaoeee i?ioeannia aicaoaeaeaiey, nii?iaiaeaeathueany
iiauoaieai ?aoeaeoi?iie aicaoaeeiinoe. A oiene/aneeo aeicao aiaeaioeee
aucuaatho noaei?iae.

Ineoinoeioeyoi?u. Oaiaiei iaeaaeaao noeioee?othuei aeeyieai ia
ainoiaeyuoth aeoeae?othuoth ?aoeeoey?ioth oi?iaoeeth noaiea aieiaiiai
iicea. Ia eneeth/aii i?yiia aicaeaenoaea ia iae?iiu ei?u aieiaiiai
iicaa. E?iia oiai oaiaiei noeioee?oao ioaeaeueiua ia?aciaaiey
eeiae/aneie nenoaiu e oaiaoaao iaino?eaooi. A iaeuo aeicao oaiaiei
ieacuaaao aeaaii?eyoiia aeeyiea ia au?aaioeo e inouanoaeaiea oneiaiuo
?aoeaenia, a aieueoeo aeicao – oaiaoaao eo.

Neaeiiea?a ia aucuaaao yeoi?ee e aeaeaaoaeueiiai aicaoaeaeaiey a ioee/ea
io oaiaieia. O eioaeia au?aaeaii i?yiia noeioee?othuaa aeaenoaea ia ei?o
aieiaiiai iicaa, oneeeaaao nieiiiicaiaua ?aoeaenu.

Aioeaeai?annaiou. Eiecei iaeaaeaao y?ei au?aaeaiiuie aioeaeai?anneaiuie
naienoaaie, eioi?ua ni/aoathony ni neaaui naaeaoeaiui yooaeoii. Aianoa n
oai a iaeioi?uo neooaoeeyo auyaeyaony e ineoinoeioee?othuee eiiiiiaio
(eiiaaea ioia/aaony iaeioi?ay aicaoaeaeaiiinoue, yeoi?e/iinoue, iiaeao
auoue aanniiieoea).

O aieo?eioeeeia ia?yaeo n aunieie aioeaeai?anneaiie aeoeaiinoueth
eiathony au?aaeaiiua ineoinaaeaoeaiua naienoaa. Noeioee?othuaa aeaenoaea
o iaai ionoonoaoao.

Aeeyiea ia na?aea/ii-ninoaeenooth nenoaio

Aiaeaioeee aicaoaeaeatho ninoaeiaeaeaaoaeueiue oeaio?. Eo aaaaeaiea
i?eaiaeeo e oaaee/aieth iauaai ia?eoa?e/aneiai nii?ioeaeaiey ninoaeia e
iiauoaieth a?oa?eaeueiiai aeaaeaiey. I?yiiai aeeyiey ia na?aeoea
aiaeaioeee, ca eneeth/aieai eaioi?u e eioaeia, ia ieacuaatho. Eaioi?a,
ii eiathueiny yeia?eiaioaeueiui aeaiiui, aeaenoaoao ia na?aeoea
noeioee?othuei ia?acii, oneeeaay yooaeou aicaoaeaeaiey aae?aia?ae/aneie
eiia?aaoeee. Ei?aeeaiei e eaioi?o eniieuecotho i?e na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie
iaaeinoaoi/iinoe, oioy eo yooaeoeaiinoue i?e yoie iaoaeiaee i?eciaaony
ia anaie.

Ineoinoeioeyoi?u. Oaiaiei ieacuaaao iiin?aaeiaaiiia noeioee?othuaa
aeeyiea ia aeueoa- e aaooa-aae?aii?aoeaioi?u. Aae?aiiieiaoe/aneea
naienoaa i?iyaeythony a iiauoaiee a?oa?eaeueiiai aeaaeaiey. A yoii
ioiioaiee oaiaiei onooiaao aae?aiaeeio ii neea a 100-150 ?ac.

Aeeyiea eioaeia neeaaeuaaaony ec ia?eoa?e/aneeo e oeaio?aeueiuo
yooaeoia. Oae eioaei ieacuaaao i?yiia noeioee?othuaa aeeyiea ia
ieiea?ae. Iaeiaei iaeiia?aiaiii aicaoaeaeathony oeaio?u aeoaeaeathueo
ia?aia, iiyoiio eiia/iue yooaeo aoaeao caaenaoue io i?aiaeaaeaiey oiai
eee eiiai aeeyiey. Iau/ii eciaiaiey a aeayoaeueiinoe na?aeoea (anee iie
aiiaua aicieeatho) iaaaeeee. A aieueoeo aeicao eioaei aucuaaao
oaoeea?aeeth (o.a. i?aiaeaaeaao aai ia?eoa?e/aneia aeaenoaea) e eiiaaea
– a?eoiee na?aea/iuo nie?auaiee.

Noeioee?oy ninoaeiaeaeaaoaeueiue oeaio?, eioaei iiauoaao oiion ninoaeia,
a i?e iaiin?aaenoaaiiii aeeyiee ia aeaaeeea iuooeu ninoaeia nieaeaao eo
oiion. Eioaei ieacuaaao iaiaeiicia/iia aeeyiea ia ?aciua ninoaeenoua
iaeanoe. Oae, iai?eia?, ei?iia?iua ninoaeu /aua anaai ?anoe?ythony
(iniaaiii, anee na?aea/iue aua?in oaaee/ai). Aianoa n oai iicaiaua
ninoaeu ianeieueei oiiece?othony. Iineaaeiaa, ii-aeaeeiiio, iauyniyao
aeaaii?eyoiia aeeyiea eioaeia i?e iaa?aie.

Inoaeueiua ineoinoeioeyoi?u i?aeoe/anee ia aeeytho ia NN nenoaio.

Aioeaeai?annaiou. Eiecei a oa?aiaaoe/aneeo aeicao iiaeio nieaeaoue
a?oa?eaeueiia aeaaeaiea. Eiiaaea ia oiia aai aeaenoaey ?acaeaaaony
i?oinoaoe/aneee eieeain. I?e ia?aaeice?iaea aucuaaao oaoeea?aeeth,
a?eoiee.

Eiaeaeoi?u IAI i?e noaiiea?aeee oiaiueoatho aieaaua iuouaiey.

Aeeyiea ia AEEO e auaeaeeoaeueioth nenoaio

Aiaeaioeee. Ia AEEO e IIN ia aeeytho.

Ineoinoeioeyoi?u. I?e i?eiaiaiee oaiaieia iaaethaeaaony nieaeaiea
aiiaoeoa (aeeyiea ia ieuaaie oeaio? aeiioaeaiona), ii i?eiaiyoue aai
oieueai a aeaiiii aeeaiaciia aeaenoaey iaoeaeaniia?acii, o.e. ii
aucuaaao aicaoaeaeaiea, iiauoaao a?oa?eaeueiia aeaaeaiea e yaeyaony
iioaioeeaeueii iianiui i?aia?aoii a ioiioaiee ?acaeoey eaea?noaaiiie
caaeneiinoe.

Eioaei ?anoe?yao ninoaeu ii/ae e oaaee/eaaao oeeueo?aoeeth a ii/a/iuo
eeoai/eao. Iaeiei ec iiai/iuo yooaeoia i?e i?eiaiaiee eioaeia yaeyaony
oioiioa, ?aioa.

Aioeaeai?annaiou. I?e oiio?aaeaiee eieceia iaaethaeathony nooinoue a
iieinoe ?oa, caii?, caaea?aeea aeeo?aca. Oaeia aeeyiea eieceia –
iiai/iia e naycaii n aai ao?iieiiiiaeiaiuie naienoaaie.

Aeeyiea ia aeuoaoaeueioth nenoaio

Aiaeaioeee. Aiaeaioeee iiauoatho aicaoaeeiinoue oeaio?a aeuoaiey.
Niioaaonoaaiii oaaee/eaaaony /oanoaeoaeueiinoue aai e aoii?aeueiui
?acae?aaeeoaeyi (NI2) e ia?aiui noeioeai. ?yae i?aia?aoia (aaiaa?eae,
eaioi?a) ieacuaaao oieueei i?yiia noeioee?othuaa aeaenoaea ia oeaio?
aeuoaiey. O iaeioi?uo aiaeaioeeia oeaio?aeueiia aeaenoaea aeiiieiyaony
?aoeaeoi?iui (n oaii?aoeaioi?ia neiiea?ioeaeiie ciiu). E oaeei aauanoaai
ioiineony ei?aeeaiei (a oaeaea oaeaeeneioa). Aeaia?aaoeey ea?ioeaeiuo
eeoai/eia oiaiueoaao aai aeoeae?othuaa aeeyiea ia aeuoaiea.
Aicaoaeaeaiea aiaeaioeeaie aeuoaoaeueiiai oeaio?a i?eaiaeeo e iiauoaieth
/anoiou e aiieeooaeu aeuaiee.

Ineoinoeioeyoi?u. Oaiaiei ieacuaaao i?yiia noeioee?othuaa aeaenoaea ia
oeaio? aeuoaiey, /oi i?iyaeyaony aeaaiui ia?acii ia oiia aai oaiaoaiey.
A aeaiiii neo/aa oaiaiei aunooiaao a ?iee aiaeaioeea.

Eioaei ieacuaaao i?yiia noeioee?othuaa aeaenoaea ia aeuoaoaeueiue
oeaio?. Aicieeaao o/auaiea e oaeoaeaiea aeuoaiey, /oi inaaiii io/aoeeai
i?iyaeyaony i?e oaiaoaiee oeaio?a aeuoaiey.

Aioeaeai?annaiou. Ia aeuoaoaeueioth nenoaio ia aeeytho.

Iiai/iua yooaeou e ?acaeoea caaeneiinoe

Aiaeaioeee. A aunieeo aeicao aucuaatho eeiieei-oiie/aneea noaei?iae eee
i?inoi noaei?iae. Aeeaiacii iaaeaeo aeicaie aiaeaioeeia, iaiaoiaeeiuo
aeey noeioeyoeee aeeoaoaeueiiai e ninoaeiaeaeaaoaeueiiai oeaio?ia, e
aeicaie, a eioi?uo iie aucuaatho noaei?iae, iacia/eoaeai.

Ineoinoeioeyoi?u. I?e aeeeoaeueiii i?eiaiaiee oaiaiei eoioee?oao, e iaio
?acaeaaaony i?eaueaiea e a ?yaea neo/aaa – eaea?noaaiiay caaeneiinoue
(ineoe/aneay e oece/aneay). Aucuaaao aicaoaeaeaiea, iiauoaao
a?oa?eaeueiia aeaaeaiea. I?e ia?aaeice?iaea ioia/athony aicaoaeaeaiea,
aaniieienoai, aanniiieoea, oaoeea?aeey, eiiaaea ia?ooaiea ?eoia
na?aea/iuo nie?auaiee.

I?e aeeeoaeueiii i?eiaiaiee eioaeia ?acaeaaaony iaeiau?aaeaiiia
i?eaueaiea. Aiciiaeii aicieeiiaaiea ineoe/aneie caaeneiinoe (oaeci).
Iiai/iua yooaeou i?iyaeythony a aeaea oioiiou, ?aiou, aaniieienoaa,
aanniiieoeu, oaoeea?aeee, na?aea/iuo a?eoiee.

Aioeaeai?annaiou. Iiai/iia aeaenoaea eieceia /aua anaai naycaii n
ao?iieiiiiaeiaiuie naienoaaie (nooinoue a iieinoe ?oa, ia?ooaiea
aeeiiiaeaoeee, oaoeea?aeey, caii?, caaea?aeea aeeo?aca). Iaaethaeathony
ia?ooaiey ni noi?iiu na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie nenoaiu. Eiecei a
oa?aiaaoe/aneeo aeicao iiaeao nieaeaoue a?oa?eaeueiia aeaaeaiea. Eiiaaea
ia oiia aai aeaenoaey ?acaeaaaony i?oinoaoe/aneee eieein. I?e
ia?aaeice?iaea aucuaaao oaoeea?aeeth, a?eoiee. Aiciiaeiu iaaeaeaoaeueiua
ioeeiiaiey e ni noi?iiu ineoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe. Yoi eeai /?acia?iue
naaeaoeaiue yooaeo, eeai , iaiai?io, aicaoaeaeaiea, aaeethoeeiaoeee,
aanniiieoea. I?e i?eaia eieceia iiaoo auoue aieiaiay aieue, o?aii?,
aeea?ae/aneea eiaeiua ?aaeoeee, aeaeoooa, ?aaeei – eaeeiiaiey e
aa?aioeioeeoic.

Eaea?noaaiiay caaeneiinoue ii ioiioaieth e eiaeaeoi?ai IAI ia
?acaeaaaony !!! Iiai/iua yooaeou: aanniiieoeu, o?aii?, noaei?iae,
aeiioaicey, i?oinoaoe/aneee eieeain, aucuaatho oyaeaeua aaiaoeou.

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