.

Нервная система, гистология, кровь, опорно-двигательный аппарат…

Язык: русский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 862
Скачать документ

III?II-AeAEAAOAEUeIUE AIIA?AO

Aiaoiiey: iae?i, iee?ineiie/., nenoaiaoe/, oiiia?, ieanoe/, n?aaieo.,
aic- ?anoiay, ii?i e iao.

Iaoiaeeee: AEeaie: iniio?, iaeueiaoeey, ia?eonney, aoneoeueoaoeey,
aio?iiiiao?ey, yiaeineiiey, ?aioaaiineiiey, a?aoey, oiiia?aoey, OCE.
O?oi: + i?aia-?e?, ?aniee caii?iae, eiio?anoe?iaaiea, ei??iceiiiua i?ai.

Aacaeee: ioaee o?oaeu Aaeaia. Iaienae “I no?-e /ae. oaea”, “6 aiao.
oaaeeoe”, “Yieoii”.

Ie?iaia: aiai.-iieaa oe?. Aia?aua i?iecaae iia?aoeeth iiae ia?eicii ia
iiea aiy (1847), aaae iaiiaeaeaeioth aeiniaoth iiayceo, i?aaeeiaeee ?yae
oe?o?ae/. iia?aoeee. Ie?iaoth ecaanoiinoue iieo/ee aoean
“Oiiia?aoe/aneay aiaoiiey”. ?anieeu oae, aiaoiiey iicaa e IN, iuo.
eaiaeia.

Eanaaoo: aiaoii, eo?nu ii oec-?a, ?aioaai enneaae., oe?o?aey, iuooeu
oaca, einoe, iieiaeaiea oaca i?e iicao.

OSTEOLOGIA

Eeanneoeeaoeey einoae

1.aeeeiiay(o?oa/aoay), oaei, aeeaoec, yieoec, iaoaoec.

2.ei?ioeay (caiynouea, i?aaeiethnia)

3.ieineea, niaoaiiua, aicaeooiiiniua

aiioecu, ieo.ioa.,e?ay, au?acee, aieiaea, nono. iia-oue., iuuaeie

No?iaiea einoe 50% H2O, 28% i?a, 22 iai?a. I?i/iinoue, ieanoe/iinoue.
Inoaii, eiiiaeoiia, aoa/aoia a-ai, cavum medullare, canales nutricii,
iaaeein-oeoea, e?aniue eino. iica. ?acaeoea: ia?ae/iua (iacaioeia:
neiieaiey ieioiuo eeaoie – /a?ai, eeth/eoea), aoi?e/iua (o?yu oi?iie,
eae einoue, iein-oaiaiea. (einoe oaea, eiia/iinoae) Iaaeeinoeoea:
aioo?aiiee neie aeaao iiaua eeaoee, einoue a oieueio.

NEAEAO OOEIAEUA

Iicaiiee corpus, arcus, for, for.nutr., proc. spinosus, transv, artic
sup&inf, for intervertebrale. Cervicales: for proc transv, sulcus n
spinalis, tuberc ant,post. (4 – tuberc carot), vert. prominens.
ATLAS:arcus ant,post, massa lat., tuberc ant, post. fovea dentis, facies
art, sulcus a. vertebr.AXIS: dens, facies, apex dent., facies art dent.
ant&post. Thoracicae: foveae costales sup,inf, foveae cost. proc.
transversi Lumbales: proc. accessorius, mamillaris (ninoeaaeaeiue)

Os sacrum: basis, apex, fac. pelvica, fac. dorsalis, promontorium (iun),
lineae transversae, foramina sacralia pelvica. Crista sacr. mediana,
intermedia, lateralis, foramina sacr. posteriora, pars lat., fac.
auricularis, tuberositas sacralis, canalis sacralis, hiatus sacr, cornu
sacrale. Coccyx: cornu coccygeum.

Iicaiii/iue noiea

60-75ni, 33-34 iica. 5 ioae: 7,12,5,5,3. C, L -ei?ae. Th, S-eeoic,
canal.vertebr.

V-V: disci intervertebrales, symphisis intervertebrales. lig
longitudinale ant, post.

aeoae: ligg. flava. nono io?inoee: art intervertebr (lumbosacrales) –
ligg interspanalia, lig supraspinale (nuche). iiia?a/ – ligg
intertravsversalia

S-Co: art. sacrococcygea (lig sacrococ. lat, ventrale, dorsale
superficiale, dorsale profund. M. splenius capitis, cervicis (a occipit,
plex cervic), m erector spinae m. semispinalis, m multifidi, rotatores,
interspinales, intertransversarii (a occipit, aa intercostales post, aa
lumbales, caae. aaoae ms). m obliquus ext, int abdominis (a circumflexa
iliaca sup., n ilioinguinalis), m rect abd (a epigastrica sup, inf. n
ilio-hypogastricus)

?aa?a e a?oaeeia:

Costae: os costale, cart. costalis, verae, spuriae, fluctuantes. caput,
crista capitis, collum, tuberculum (artic e naycee), corpus, angulus,
sulcus costae. I ?aa?i: tuberc. musculi scaleni anterioris, sulc a.
sublcaviae, sulc. v. subclaviae.

Sternum: manubrium, incisura jugularis, angulus sterni, corpus sterni,
incisurae costales, processus xiphoideus.

Art costovertebr (art capitis costae, art costotransversaria – lig
costotransv). Art. sternocostales (lig. sternocost radiata. eiaeiua –
art interchondrales.

A?oae. eeaoea: 12 ?aa. 12 iica, a?oaeeia. I?aaiu. Apertura thorac. sup
(Th1, manubrium, costa1. 5x12cm). Apertura th. inf. (Th12, proc xyphoid,
costa. 15x26cm). Angulus infrasternalis. M. pect. maj, min (a thorac.
int, n. pect med lat), serratus ant (n th. longus). mm intercost ext,
int, subcost.,levatores costarum,serr post sup,inf(a intercost post, n
intercost)

?acaeoea /a?aia. ?iaeie/ee. fonticulus front, occipit, sphenoid,
mastoideus. ?acia?u: 180x140mm. V=1500-2000cm3

Os sphenoidale

Corpus, sinus, sella turcica, fossa hypophisialis, tuberc cellae, dorsum
cellae, proc. clinoidei post., sulc. caroticus. Crista sph, rostrum sph,
conchae sph, apertura sinus sph. Ala minor, canalis opticus, processus
clinoideus ant, fissura orbit. sup. (III,IV,VI, n. opticus (V)). Ala
major, for. rotundum, for. ovale, for. spino-

sum, fac. cerebralis, maxillaris, temporalis, orbitalis. Proc.
pterygoid., canalis pteryg., lamina med&lat. fossa.

Os temporale

Pars petrosa: apex pp. Fac Ant, canal. musculotubarius, tegmen tympani,
impres-sio trigeminalis, hiatus&sulc n pertosi maj&min, sulc sinus
petrosi superioris. Fac Post, porus&meatus acusticus int, apertura ext
aqeductus vestibuli, sulc sin petr infer., apertura ext canaliculi
cochleae. Fac Inf, fossa jugularis, for mastoid, inci-sura jug, foramen
jugulare (ia /a?aia), canalis caroticus, proc styloid, for
stylo-mastoideum.

Proc mastoid: incisura parietalis, mastoidea, sulc a. occipit, for
mastoideum, sulc sinus sigmoidei, cellulae mast, antrium mastoideum.

Pars tympanica: porus&meatus acust. ext., fissura tympanomastoidea,
typano-squamosa, petrosquamosa, petrotympanica (chorda tympani)

Pars squamosa: sulc a. tempor mediae, proc zygomat, fossa mandibularis,
tuberc articulare, impressiones digitae, sulci arteriosi.

Can. caroticus (basis cranii ext – apex par. petrosa=a. carotica int,
plex.car)

Can. musc-tub (semican. m. tensori tympani+semi. tubae audit.=cavum
tymp)

Can. facialis (aeii meat. acust. – for.stylomast = n. facial)

Can. chord. tymp (io can fac.- cavum tymp.=chord. tymp (aaoaue VII)

Maxilla

Corpus: sinus max. Fac Ant, margo infraorbit, for infraorbit, fossa
canina, incisura nasalis, spina nasalis ant. Fac Orbit, sulc&canalis
infraorbitalis. Facies Infratemporalis, tuber maxillae, foramina
alveolaria, canales alveolares, sulcus palatinus major. Fac Nasalis,
sulc lacrimalis, crista conchalis. Proc frontalis: crista lacrimalis
anterior, crista ethmoid. Proc zygomatiscus. Proc alveolaris: arcus
alveolaris, alveoli dentales. Proc palatinus: canalis incisivus.

Os palatinum (Lam horizontal: ia?aciaaiea palatum osseum. Lam
perpendicul: sulc palatin. major, canalis palat major, crista ethmoid,
conchalis. Proc pyramidalis, orbitalis, shpenoidalis. aeaa iineaaeieo e
oaei sphen ia?acotho for. spheno-palatinum) Concha nasalis inferior
(n?ano. n crista conchalis palatinum e maxilla; proc lacrimalis,
maxill., ethmoid) Vomer (Lamina perpendicularis, alae vomeris)

Os nasale (einoiay nieiea iina, sulc. ethmoidalis aeey ia?aa) Os
lacrimale (crista lacrim post, sulc. lacrimalis, fossa sacci lacrimalis

Os zygomaticum proc frontalis, proc temporalis ia?acoao arcus
zygomaticus.

Fac. lat, fac tempor (ia?aae noaiea iiaeaeni/. yiee), fac orbitalis
(eaoa?aeueiay noaiea aeacieoeu), for. zygomaticoorbitale (ia?oaeo
auoiaeeo /a?ac foramen zygomaticofaciale e zygomaticotemporale)

Mandibula

Corpus, basis m, pars alveolaris, alveoli dentales, tuberc. mentale,
for. mentale, aioo?e fossa digastrica, sublingualis, submandibularis.
Ramus, angulus, tubero-sitas masseterica, pterygoidea, for. mandibulare,
canalis mand. sulc. mylohyoid., proc. coronoid, condylaris, incisura,
fossa pterygoidea.

Os hyoideum Corpus, cornua majora, cornua minora.

Orbita

canal. opt, paries sup (os front, ala minor), p.med (proc. front
maxillae, os ethm, corp os sph, os lacrim + fossa sacci lacrimalis, for.
ethm post&ant, can nasolacrimalis), p.inf (fac orb maxil, os zyg), p.lat
(ala major, proc front os zyg, proc zyg ossis front + fiss orbital.
inferior).

Basis cranii interna

for ethmoid (av eth, I); can.opt(a.opt, II); fiss orb.sup (a menin. ant,
v orb. sup, III,

IV, IV, n.opt); carot. int (a c.int, pl. venosus, pl. carot sympat);
rotund. (n.maxil); spinosum (av mening. med, r. mening. n. maxill);
ovale (r. acces a.mening, pl. venosus, n. mandibul); hiatus n. petrosi
maj (r petros a. mening med, v acust, n. petrosus maj); hiat. n. petr.
minor (r pymp. sup., n. petr. minor IX) porus acust. int

(av labyrinti, VII, VIII); mastoid (r. mening. a. occip); jugul (a
mening post, v jug. int, IX, X, XI, r. mening X); magnum (a vertebr,
plex basillaris, med. spinal), hypogloss.

Basis cranii externa

ovale (r access a mening med, n mandibul V, plex ven), spinosum (,
carotic. ext, canal. mastoid (r acust X), jugulare, magnum, stylomastoid
(av stylomastoid, VII);

Cavum nasi

Septum nasi osseum, apert. pirif, choannae, p.sup (iin. einoe, p.nasalis
os front., lamina cribr, corp. sph), p.inf (pr. palat maxil, lam horiz
os palat), p. lat (p front maxil, os nasale, lacrimale, lam perpend os
palat) Meatus nasalis sup, med (hiatus semilunaris-aaei.iacooa),
inf(ioe?ua. canal. nasolacr)

Fossa pterygo-palatina

Paries ant.-tuber max, p.sup – ala maj, p. post-pr.pteryg os sph, p.med
– lam perpendicul. os palat. For. pteryg-palat (cav nasi), rotund (fos
cranii med), can pterygoid (caae), canal. palat. major (cav oris), fiss.
infraorbit(orbita)

Scapula (angulus, margo, incisura, fac. costalis, posterior, spina,
fossa infra-, supraspinata, acromion, fac. articul, proc. coracoideus,
cav glenoidalis)

Clavicula (corpus, extremitas sternalis et acromialis, fac. art., tub.
conoid, linea trapezoidea)

Humerus (collum anatomicum, chirurgicum, caput, tuberc. majus&minus,
crista tuberculi min&maj, fac. post, anter med, anter lat, tuberositas.
deltoid, sulc. n.

radialis, condylus h, trochlea h, fossa coronoidea, epicondylus med,
lat., sulcus nervi ulnaris)

Ulna (inc trochlearis, olecranon, proc. coronoid, inc radialis, tuberos.
u, caput u, proc styloid, circumferentia articularis)

Radius (caput r, fovea art, circum. art, collum radii, tuberositas, inc
ulnaris, proc. styloid, fac. art. carpalis

Carpus (os scaphoid, lunatum, triquetrum, pisiforme; os trapezium,
trapezoideum, capitatum, hamatum). Metacarpus (ossa m, basis, corpus,
caput). Digiti (pollex, index, digit. medius, digitus anularis, digius
minus)

Femur (Caput, fovea capitis, collum f., trochanter maj, min. Corpus,
linea aspera, labium med->linea pectinea, lat->tuberos. glutea. Condylus
med,lat. fac patellar.)

Patella: basis, apex, fac articul, fac anter.

Tibia (Condyl. med,lat. fac atricul superior&fibularis. Corpus, margo
ant: tuberos t., margo inteross, margo med. Fac post: linea m. solei.
Incisura fibul. malleolus med, fac. articul inf.)

Fibula (caput, fac atricul, collum. Corpus, 3 margo. Malleolus lat, fac
art)

Tarsus: Talus (caput, collum, trochlea tali. Proc past tali. Fac art
calcanea) Calcaneus (tuber, fac art tali, cuboidea). Os naviculare. Ossa
cuneiformia med, intermed, lat. Os cuboideum. Metatarsus. Ossa digitorum

ARTHROLOGIA

Iai?a?uaiua niaae. Oea?iciua (niaae oe – neiaeaniic, oia, aeiea/eaaiea).
Neioiiae?icu (o?yu). Neiinoicu (o?yu caiaiai einoiie oe). Neioecu.

Nonoaau (iia-oue, o?yu, eainoea, naycee, iieinoue, aeenee, neiia. noiee)

Eie-ai einoae (i?ino, neiae). Eiiie – aeenee. Eiiaeie? – 2 n?aco
(/aethnoue). Oi?ia nono. iia-oe e ine: (1o – oeeee, aeieiaeae, 2o –
yeeein, naaeeiaeae, iuuae-eiaue, oo – oa?iaeae, /aoaia?ac, ieineee.)

einoe /a?aia. sutura coronalis, sagittalis, s. lamboidea, eeoei – oau io
iacaaiee. neioiiae?. sphenooccipit, petrooccipit. – iioii neiinoicu.

art. temporomandibul. (caput mand., fossa mand., discus. lig laterale,
sph-mand, stylomand (3 aeaeae.). M masseter (V, a mass), m tempor (V, aa
temp), m pterygoid med lat (V, a max, a fac)

iica-/a?ai Art atlantooccipit. (iuuaeie, nono. yiea I, membr atl-occ
ant, post) 2x, eeaaiea, iaeeiiu. Art atlantoaxillaris mediana (aeoae I,
coa II, lig transversum) 1x, iiai?iou aieiau, Art atl-axill lateralis
(nono. iia-oe I e II, lig apicis dentis, 2 lig alaria, lig crucifirme)
xx a?auaiea aieiau. M. rectus cap post maj, min, obliquus cap inf, sup
(n. suboccipit, a cerv. profund)

iea/. iiyn art sternoclav.(incisura st, extr art clav, disc, ligg st-cl
ant, post, lig interclav., lig costoclav (n I ?aa?ii) 3x. art
acromioclav (acr clav, acrom, disc, lig acr-cl, coracoclav, trpezoid,
conoid) 3x. M trapez (XI, a transv cerv), m lev scap, mm romboid min,
maj (n dors scap, a tr c),m serr ant (n thor long,a thoracodors).

Art humeri (lig coracohumerale, membr synovialis: vagina intertubercul,
bursa subtendinea.) M. pect maj (n pect lat, med, a thor int), m latiss
dorsi (n, a thoraco-dors). M delt, teres maj, min, supra, infraspinat,
subscapular. (n axill, subscapul, a circ. humeri scapulae), coracobrach
(n musc-cutan, a circ hum)

Art cubiti (art humeroulnaris, h-radialis, radiouln prox. ligg collat
uln, rad, lig anulare radii, lig quadratum) 2x. M. bic br, brachialis (n
musc-cutan, a brach), m tric br, anconeus (n rad, a circ post hum,
inteross recur). brach-rad (n, a rad), pronator teres, flex carp rad (n
med, a uln, rad), flex carp uln (a, n uln)

Art radiocarp (rad, scaphoid, lunatum, triquetrum, disc, lig collat
capri rad, uln, lig radiocarpale palmare, dorsale) 2x. M fl carp rad,
uln (n med, n uln, a uln rad), m ext carpi rad long, brev, uln (n, a
rad).

Eenoue: art mediocarpalis, art intercarpales (lig capri radiatum, lig
intercarpalia interosea), art ossis pisiformis, art caprometacarpales.
Art c-m pollicis (naaeeiaeae, 2o. M abduct pol brev (n med), long (n
rad), adduct pol (n uln), opponens pol (med) (a rad, arc palm profund))
Art intermetacarp, art metacarpophalangeales, art interphalang (ana: lig
palmaria, dorsalia, collateralis)

Oac: os coxae: acetabulum, Ilium (corpus, ala, crista iliaca, labium
int, ext, linea intermedia, spina iliaca ant sup, inf, post sup, inf.
fac auricul, tuberos iliaca), Ischium (corpus, ramus, tuber ischiadicum,
ia?ac for obturat), Pubis (corpus, ramus, fac symphisialis, sulc
obturatorius). Art sacroiliaca (fac auric, lig s-i ant, interossea,
post, iliolumbale), symph pubica (disc interpubis, lig pub sup,
arcuatum). Oac a oeaeii: pelvis maj, min (aperutra sup, inf). for obt
(membr obt). conjugata vera (iun-eiaie 11ni), diam transv (iia?ai.
eeiey 13cm), diam obliqua (12cm). distantia spinarum (iaae inoyie
25-27cm), dist cristarum (iaae e?ueueyie 28-30)

Art coxae (acetab, caput, lig pubicofem, lig iliofemor, lig cap femoris,
lig ischiofem, zona orbicularis) /aoaia?aca 3o. M iliopsoas (pl lumb, a
iliolumb), mm gemillis sup, inf, piriformis (pl sacr, a glutea inf), m
glut max, med, min (n,a glut inf, sup), m quadratus, obturat ext(n isch,
obt, a obturat), m sartor (n, a fem), biceps, semi- (n tibialis, aa
perfor, poplitea), gracilis, add long, brev, MAGNUS (n,a obt).

Art genus. 3 einoe. (cond. med, lat fem. art patel, area art tib.
meniscus lat, med, niaaeeiaii. lig transv genus, membr synov – plicae
alares, infrapatellaris. Lig cruciatum ant, post. Lig collat fibulare,
tibiale, poplit obliquum, poplit arcuatum. +tendo m quadriceps fem.+lig
patellae. Bursae: suprapatellaris, infrapatell. profund.).2x

M. sartor, quadriceps (n,a fem), biceps, semi- (n tib, aa perf),
gracilis (n,a obt), triceps (n tib, a tib post), politeus (n tib, a
poplit).

Art talocruralis. aeieiaeae. (fib, tib, tal. Lig deltoid -> e talus,
calc, navicul., lig talofibulare ant post, lig calcaneofibulare) 1x. M.
triceps, m plantaris, flex digit long, m tibial post, tib ant (n tib, a
tib post), peroneus long, brev (n fib superf, a peronea).

Noiia. i?aaeiethnia: art talocalcan-navicul (lig calc-nav, talo-calc
inteross, lig talonavic.), art calcaneocuboid (lig calc-cub plantare,
longus)=> art tarsi trans-versa !(lig bifurcatum). Art cuneonavicul. Art
tarsometatarsales, art intermetatarsales, mentatarsophalang,
interphalang. (lig plant, dors, collateralis). M. ext digit long,
hallucis long (n fib prof, a tib ant), flex digit long, hal long (n tib,
a tib post). M ext dig brev, hall brev (n fib prof, a dors ped),
abductor, adductor hall, flex hall brev (n plant lat, arc plant prof). M
abd dig min, flex, oponens (n,a plant lat).

M flex digitor brev, quadrat plant, lumbricales, interossei (n plant
lat, med, arcus plant prof, a. plant lat, med). 5 i?iaeieue, 1 iiia?a/
naiae. Ia/. aoai? iyo einoe. Oe?. i-oeaie.

MYOLOGIA

No?-a: venter, tendo. epimysium, aponeurosis. punctum fixum, mobile,
a?oa?ee ia?au. Eeann: aa?aoaiiia?, oe?ieea, eaioiaeaeiua. iaeii e
2oia?enoua. 2,3,4aeaaua, noeieoa?u. Oi?ia a iacaaieyo. Oanoeey (nianoa,
iiaa?oi). Nei. aeaaae. (aeey aeaeae. nooiae), noiee e nanaiiaeae. einoe
(oaae. ?u/aaa). Aeiiaoaieea: ?u/aa ?aaiiaaney, neeu, nei?inoe.

AEaaao. i-oeu: (n mandibul, V) Masseter (os zyg – tub mass.= , a
masseterica), Temporalis (pars squamosa, ala maj – porc coronoid= a
tempor prof, superf), Pterygoid med (fossa pteryg – tuberos pteryg
mand=.), Lat (ala maj – collum mand=niau. a noi?iio, a maxillaris). Fasc
tempor, masseterica

Ieie/ i-oeu: (aaoae VII) Epicranius (m occipitofrontalis, galea
aponeurotica, m tomporoparietalis (eiaea aaoee, eaa, ooe), aoccipit,
auricul post), Procerus (os nasle – ia?aiineoea=a?iae, a angularis),
Orbicularis oculi (pars palpebralis, lacrimalis, orbitalis=noeieoa?
aeaca, a facialis), Corrugator supercili (nii?u. a?iaue a frontalis),
Nasalis (pars transv-noaeaiea iicae?ae, pars alaris – ?ano. a
angularis), Depressor septi nasi (a labialis sup), Orbicularis oris
(pars marginalis, labialis=?io+ninaiea), a lab sup, inf. mentalis),
Depressor anguli oris (iiaea – oaie ?oa=aiec, a mentalis), Mentalis
(aeueaaieu – eiaea i=, a mentalis), Buccinator (/aethnoe – oaie
?oa=iacaae, a buccalis), Levator labii sup (a lab sup), Zygomat min
(iiae. oaie ?oa), Zyg maj (oaie ?oa=niao, a buccalis), Levator anguli
oris (a infraorbit), M risorius (fasc mass – angul oris=yii/ea uaee. a
facialis)

I-oeu oae: iiaa?oi: Platysma (fasc thor – ang oris=aiec, VII, a fac),
St-cl-mast (manubr st+clav-mast=iaeeii,iiai?io, XI, a thyroid sup).
iaaeiiaeuycu/: Digastricus (inc mast os temp – mand=hyoid, V,VII, a
subment, occipit), Stylohyoid (, VII, a fac), Mylohyoid (mand-hyo=, n
m-h, a submentalis), Geniohyoid (mand-hyo=(mand, pl cerv, a subment).
iiaeiiaeycu/: Omohyoideus (venter inf, sup=ia naeaae. aaiu oae,
Sternohyoid (hyo(), Thyrohyoid (hyo(larynx) – (ansa cerv, a transv
cerv). aeoaieea: Scalenus ant (pr transv C3-6 – tuberc), Med (C2-7 –
costa1), Post (C4-6 – costa2) – (rr pl cerv, brach. a cerv profunda, (
1,2 costa). Longus colli (C3-7, Th1-3 – C1-5 =oay aia?aae), Longus
capitis (arcus C1 – occipit=aia?aae), Rectus capitis lat (pr transv C1 –
occipit=a noi?iio) – (pl cerv, a cerv profunda,vertebralis).

Oiiia?aoey oae: Fascia cervic (3 lamina: superfic, media,
prevertebralis). Spatium: suprapectorale, previscerale, postviscerale.
Regio: Ant (mand-inc jug – m.st-cl-m), St-cl-mast (pr mast – clav), Post
(mm trapez – lin nucha sup). Trigonum: Carot (m.st-cl-m – m digastr),
Musculare (m.st-cl-m – omohyo), Submandib (m. digastr – mand), Ie?iaiaa
(oai a lingualis), Omoclaviculare (clav – ventic inf omohyoid –
m.st-cl-m).

A?oaeue: Pectoralis maj (clav,manub,cost2-7 – crista tuberc maj
humeri=iea/i e oaeo, iioneaao, aeuo), Min (costa3-5 – pr
coracoid=eiiaoea(, ?aa?a ()-(nn pect med, lat, a thor lat),
Subclavius(costa1 – clav=(, n subclavius, a transv cerv), Serrat ant
(costa1-9 – ang inf scap=(, n thor long, a thoracodors). nianoa. mm
intercostales ext ((, nn intercostales, aa i-c post), mm intercost
interni ((), Subcostales (/a?ac ?aa?i, (), Levatores costarum (brev,
long, /a?ac, (), Transverus thoracis (proc xyph – a noi?iiu, (, a thor
int). Fascia pect, endothoracica

Aeeao?aaia: eoiie aaa?o, i-oeu ->centrum tendineum. Pars lumbalis:
hiatus aorticus, esophageus (ieu+X), v azygos, semiaz, trunc symp. Pars
costalis. Pars sternalis (a?uaee). auoaiea, aioo?ea?tho. aeaae. n
prhenicus, a pericardiophre-nica, a phren inf, a musculophrenica, aa.
intercost post

AEeaio. aieiaua: Obliq ext abd (costa5-12 – lab ext iliaca,linea
alba=iiai?iou, naeaaiey iica, (?aa?a. Iao naycea. n ilioinguinalis, a
epigastr inf, sup), Int (linea intermedia iliaca, lig inguinale – costa
inf=oi aea), Transvers abd (costa6-12, lab int, lig inguin – linea
alba=(?aci abdomen). ia?aaei: Rectus abd (crista pubis, symph –
cartilago costa5-10, pr xyph=iaeeii e oaea?aeaiea, nn iliohypogastr),
Pyramidalis (crista pubis – lin alba=tensor l.albae. /anoi iao). caae
noaiea: Quadratus lumborum (crista iliaca – pr transv L1-5=aa?oee
iieiae. plex lumb, aa lumbales)

Fascia propria->fasc cremast, Fascia transversalis (aioo?e iie?
a?thoeiie). Linea alba ((i?i/i, (ninoaeia). Vagina m recti (aiiiaa? 3o
i-oe. Naa?oo – caae e ia??ae, aieco – ia??ae, a ncaaee fascia transv.)

Canalis inguinalis. Duct deff, lig teres iteri. 4noaiee: ant-aioiaa?ic m
obl ext, post – fac transv, sup – m obl int, transv, inf – lig ing.
Anulus ing profund (niioa fossa ing lateralis), An superficialis (sup –
crus mediale, inf crus laterale aponeur. m obl ext, later – fibrae
intercrurales, med – lig reflexum -> fossa ing medialis).

Nieia. iiaa?oi: Trapezius (eminent occipit, pr sp Th1-12 – acromion,
spina scapulae=eiiaoea, oay, aieiaa. XI, a transv cerv), Latiss dorsi
(pr sp Th6-12, L1-5 – crista tuberc min himeri=i?eaaae. iea/a. n, a
thoracodors), Romboideus maj, min (pr sp Th1-5 – med scap.=scap->iica.n
dors scap, a tr cerv), Lev scap (pr transv C1-4 – angul scap sup=(),
Serratus post sup (C6-7 Th1-2 – costa2-5=aaeio, n,a intercost), Serr
post inf (Th11-12, L1-2 – costa11-12=auaeio)

aeoaieea: Splenius capitis(lig nuch – linea nuch, proc mast=iiai?iou, rr
dors. ms, a occipit), Spl cervicis (pr sp Th3-4 – pr tr C2-3=iiai?.
oae), Erector spinae (dors sacrum, pr sp L1-5, Th11-12., rr dors ms, aa
lumb, intercost post): 3 o?aeoa: Lat: m. iliocostalis (- costa, pr tr
C4-7), Intermed: m longissimus (- pr tr Th, C, L, proc mast), Med: m
spinalis (pr spin Th, C). M transversospinalis: m. semispinalis (thor:
pr tr Th12-6 – pr sp Th1-4; cerv: Th1-6 – C2-5; capitis:C3-7 –
occipit=?acaea, iiai?i-ou), mm multifidi (iiai?iou, iaeeiiu), mm
rotatores (/a?ac iica- iiai?iou).

Mm interspinales cerv, thor, lumborum (?acaeaaiea), Intertransversarii
lumb, thor, cerv (iaeeiiu). Ana rr dors ms, a cerv prof, aa intercost
post, aa lumb.

iiaecaouei/iua: Rectus cap post maj (pr sp C2 – occip lat), Rectus cap
post min (tub post C1 – occipit med), Obl cap inf (pr sp C2 – pr tr C1),
Obl cap sup (pr tr C1 – occipit lat io rectus). Ana: n suboccipit, a
cerv profunda. Aeaeae. aieiau.

Fascia thoracolumbalis, fascia nuchae.

Iiyn a.e. Deltoideus (acrom, clav, scap – tub delt hum=(, n axill, a
circ post hum), Supraspinatus (scap – tub maj=ioaiaeeo, n supraspin, a
circ scap), Infraspinatus (scap – tub maj=noi.), Teres min (lat scap –
tub maj=noi., n axill), Teres maj (inf scap – crista tub min=?acaea, n,a
subscap), Subscapularis (fac cost scap – tub min=i?i.). F. deltoid,
infraspin, axillaris.

Iea/i. ia?aaeiea: Coracobrachialis (corac – o tub delt=naea, n
musculocutan, aa circ ant,post hum), Biceps (c.brev: corac, c.long: tub
supraglen – tuberos ulnae, aa collateralis uln sup, inf, a brach, recurr
rad), Brachialis (o tub delt – tub uln= ?acaea). caaeiea: Triceps(lat,
med:caae humer; long:tub infraglenoid – olecran, n.rad, a inter-ossea
recurr.), Anconeus. Fascia brachii (ia?aai?iaeee ?acaeae ext, flex).

Canal. nervi rad (humeromusc): iaaeaeo os e triceps. For ant:os, cap
lat,med. For inf: m.brachialis, brachioradialis. N.rad, aeoa a,v). Sulc.
bicipitalis med (a brach, v basi-lica), lat (v cephalica).

Fossa axillaris. (a?aieoeu – eiaea, noaiee:ant- m.pect maj,min; post- m
latiss d.; med- m.serr ant; lat- biceps,coracobrach):ia?aae noaiea: trig
clavipectorale (clav-pect min), trig pect (pect min), trig subpectorale
(iaae maj e min).caae: for trilaterum (m.subscap-teres maj-cap long
triceps)-a circumf scap, For quadrilaterum (coll chirurgic-cap long
triceps-m.infraspin-teres maj)-a cricumfl hum ant, post.

I?aaeiea/uea. ia?aae: 1neie. Brachioradialis (epicond lat hum – lat
rad=naea, noi-i?i., n rad, a rad, uln), Pronator teres (epicond med –
lat rad=i?i. n. med), Flexor carpi rad (epi med – II os metacarp, n
med), Palmaris long (epi med – aponeur palm=naea eenoe, n med, a rad),
Flexor carpi uln (epi med, olecr – os hamatum, n uln, a uln, collat).
2neie: Flexor digit superfic (epi med, pr coron, olecranon -phalanx
II-V, n.med, a uln,rad). 3 neie: Flexor digit profund (2/3 uln – phal
dist II-V), Flexor pollicis long (pron quad – ph dist I, n med, a
inteross ant). 4 neie: Pronator quadratus (uln-rad). Caaeiea: 1 neie:
Ext capri rad long (epi lat – os metacarp II, n rad, a rad, collat,
recurr), Ext carpi rad brev (epi lat – os m III), Ext digitorum (epi lat
– II-V, n rad, a inteross post), Ext dig min (epi lat – ph dist V), Ext
carpi uln (epi lat – os metacarp V). aeoaieea: Supinator (epi lat – prox
rad, n,a rad, a recurr), Abd poll long (caae rad, uln – ph I=ioaiae, n,a
rad), Brevis ( – ?acaea prox ph), Ext poll long, Ext indicis (n rad, a
inteross post, a rad). Fascia anterbrachii – oienoay, oi?i retina-culi
(ligg carpi dors, transversum). Sulc radialis (lat: m.brachiorad,
med:flex carpi rad), Sulc medianus (fl carp rad – flex digit superfic),
Sulc ulnaris (lat:fl digit super-ficialis; med:flex carpi ulnaris).

Eenoue: Oaia?: Abductor p brev (retinac flex – I, n med, arcus profund),
Opponens p (retic – os metacarp I), Flexor p brev (os trap, retin – os m
II), Adductor p (os capitat – pol, n uln). Aeiioaia?: Palmaris brev
(?oaeeiaio, n,a uln), Abductor V (os pisif – prox phal V, n ,a uln, a
palm prof), Opponens V, Flex V. n?aaeiyy a?oiia: mm Lumbricales (naea
prox II-V, ?acaea dist, II,III – n med, IV,V-uln, iaa arcus), mm
Interossei (palmares: 3oo, i?eaiaeyo II, IV, V e III, n uln, arc prof;
dorsales 4oo, ioaiaeyo 2,4,5 io 3). Fascia: aponeurosis palm, oea?. aeaa
iaeueoeaa., fascia dorsalis manus.

Iiyn ieae. e. Aioo?. i-oeu: Iliopsoas (Iliacus (fossa iliaca) Psoas maj
(pr tr L1-5) – trochant min=naea aaae?i, pl lumb, a iliolumb),
Obturatorius int (e?ay for obt – troch maj), Gemillis sup,inf (os isch –
troch maj, iiai? aaae?a, pl sacr, a glut inf,sup). ia?oaeiua: Gluteus
max (fac glut iliaca – tuberos glut fem=?acaea, aa?oee, n glut inf, a gl
sup, inf), Gluteus med ( – troch maj=ioaaae, iiai?. fem, n glut sup),
Glut min ( – troch maj, oa aea), Tensor fac latae (spina iliaca sup ant
– epi lat tibia= oe?aie art genus), Quadratus femoris (tub isch – crista
intertroch=fem e ia?oaee, plex sacr), Obturat ext (os pubis – capsula
art fem, iiai?. ia?oaeo, n obt). Fascia lumbalis, iliaca, glutea. O for
isch majus anoue 2 aeu?ee iaae e iiae m piri-formis. Canalis obtu-rator
(sulc obt os pubis e m obt int. n,a,v obt).

Aaae?i: ia?aaeiea: Sartorius (spina sup ant ilii – tuberos tib=naea, n
fem, a circ fem lat, a fem), Quadriceps fem (rectus: sp inf ant, vastus
lat: troch maj, vastus med: labium med lin aspera) – patella, tibia, n,
a fem). caaeiea: Biceps (tub isch, labium lat – caput tib, condyl
lat=naea, n tib, a circ fem med), Semitendinosus (tub isch – tuberos
tib, n tib, aa perforantes), Semimembranosus (tub isch – cond med).
iaaeeaeueiua: Gracilis (os pubis, med tib=naea, i?eaaae, n,a obt, a
pudenda ext), Pectineus (crista pubis – prox fem), Adduct long (os pub –
lab med), Add brevis (os pub – lab med), Adductor magnus (ramus os ischi
– lab med, a obt, aa perforant). Fascia lata.

Oiiia? aaae?a: Lacuna musculorum (sup,ant – lig ing; post – os ilii; med
– arc ilio-pectineus=m.iliopsoas,n tib), Lac vasorum (sup,ant – lig ing,
post,inf – lig pect, lat – arcus iliopectin=a,v fem, lymph). Trigonum
femorale (lig ing-m.sart-m.add long. sulc femoralis ia?aoiaeeo a canalis
fem). Canalis adductorius (med: m.adduct maj, lat: m vast med, ant:
lamina fibrosa. 3ioa. 1-aoiae, 2-hiatustendineus, 3-auoiae. a, v
femoralis, n saphenus).

Aieaiue: ia?aaeiea: Tibialis ant (cond lat tib – os cuneif med=?acaea,
noi., n fubul prof, a tib ant), Extensor digit longus (cond lat tib, fib
– phal dist II-V), Extensor hallucis long (1/3 fib – ph dist I).
caaeiea: Triceps surae (gastrocnemius: cond lat, med.; m soleus – tendo
Achillis->tub calc, n tib, a tib post), Plantaris (epi lat fem – tub
calc, a poplitea), Popliteus (cond lat fem – post tib=naea aieaiue),
Flexor digit long (post tib – ph dist II-V iiaeioa, n tib, a tib post),
Flexor hallucis long (2/3 inf fib – ph dist I), Tibialis post (post fib
– tuberos os navicul). eaoa?aeueiua: Peroneus long (caput fib – I,II os
metatarsi, n fib superfic, a fibular), Peroneus brev(2/3post fib – os
metatarsi V, n peron superfic, a peronea). Fascia cruris –
oaea?aeeaaoaee e nei. aeaaaeeua.

Iiaeeieai yiea. Fossa poplitea (biceps, semimembranosus, gastocnem. –
a,v poplitea, n tibialis). Can. cruropopliteus (m tib post, flex hall
long – m soleus. a,v tib post, n tib). Can musc-fibul inf (fib – flex
hall long. av fibularis), Can sup (n fibul superfic).

Noiia: oueueiua: Ext digit brev (ouei calcan – tendo digit II-V, n fib
prof, a fib), Extens hall brev ( – tendo I, dors ped). Iiaeioaaiiua
iaaeeaeue: Abductor hall (tub calc – ph prox I, n plant med), Flex hall
brev (os cuboid – prox ph, n plant med,lat, arcus prof), Adductor hall
(coboid, cuneiform – prox ph). eaoa?aeue: Abductor V (tub calc, n,a
plant lat). Flexor V (os metatarsi V), Opponens V. c?aaeiea: Flex
digitior brev (tub calc – phal II-V, n,a plant med), Quadratus plantae
(iec calc – tendo m flex dig long, n,a plant lat), mm Lumbricales (naea
prox, ?acaea dist, II-V n plant lat, med), mm Interossei plant, dors
(i?eaiaeyo e ioaiaeyo II, IV,V e III, n plant lat, arcus prof). Fascia
dorsalis pedis, aponeurosis plantaris.

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2020