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Глаз и его функция

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Aeaaa 1: Aeac e aai ooieoeee

Aeey aini?eyoey eioi?iaoeee i ninoiyiee ie?oaeathuaai ian aiaoiaai ie?a
neoaeao neiaeiua e niaa?oaiiua i?eai?u- i?aaiu /oanoa. E iei ioiineony e
i?aai c?aiey – aeac.

Aeac- i?aai aini?eyoey naaoiaiai ?acae?aaeaiey. Aeac, eee aeaciia
yaeiei, eiaao ia nianai i?aaeeueioth oa?iaeaeioth oi?io e iiiauaaony a
einoiie ai?iiea- aeacieoea. Ncaaee e n aieia ii caueuai io aiaoieo
aicaeaenoaee einoiuie noaieaie aeacieoeu, a nia?aaee – aaeaie.
Aioo?aiiyy iiaa?oiinoue aae e ia?aaeiyy /anoue aeaciiai yaeiea, ca
eneeth/aieai ?iaiaeoeu, iie?uoa neecenoie iaiei/eie- eiiuthieoeaie.

Ia?oaeiay ieioiay iaiei/ea aeaca iacuaaaony neea?ie. Yoi ieioiay
iai?ic?a/iay oeaiue aaeiai oeaaoa. Iia eiaao iii?iia cia/aiea e caueoiia
cia/aiea. Iiae neea?ie iaoiaeeony ninoaeenoay iaiei/ea aeaca, eioi?ay
niaaaeaia aieueoei eiee/anoaii e?iaaiiniuo ninoaeia. Iie iaania/eaatho
ieoaiea oeaiae aeaca.

A ?anie/iii oaea iaoiaeeony iuooea, naycaiiay n o?onoaeeeii e
?aaoee?othuay aai e?eaecio. O?onoaeee – yoi i?ic?a/iia yeanoe/iia oaei
eiathuaa oi?io aeaiyeiauioeeie eeicu.

?aaeoaeiay iaiei/ea a aeaea aa?oeeaeueiie caiaaanee ?aniieiaeaia ca
?iaiaeoeae. A oeaio?a ?aaeoaeee eiaaony e?oaeia ioaa?noea – c?a/ie.
Aaee/eia c?a/ea iiaeao eciaiyony, a caaeneiinoe io yoiai a aeac
iiiaaeaao aieueoaa eee iaiueoaa eiee/anoai naaoa.

Aioo?aiiyy iiaa?oiinoue aeaca aunoeaia oiieie, aanueia neiaeiie ii
no?iaieth nao/aoie iaiei/eie-nao/aoeie, eee ?aoeiie. Iia niaea?aeeo
naaoi/oanoaeoaeueiua eeaoee, iacaaiiua ec-ca naiae oi?iu eieai/eaie e
iaei/eaie. Ia?aiua aieieia, iooiaeyuea io yoeo eeaoie, niae?athony
aianoa e ia?acotho c?eoaeueiue ia?a, eioi?ue iai?aaeyaony a aieiaiie
iica.

Naaoiaua eo/e io ?anniao?eaaaiuo i?aaeiaoia, i?iieeay /a?ac c?a/ie a
aeac, aeaenoaoao ia naaoi/oanoaeoaeueiua eeaoee nao/aoee- eieai/ee e
iaei/ee- e aucuaatho a ieo ia?aiia aicaoaeaeaiea, eioi?ia ia?aaeaaony
ii c?eoaeueiiio ia?ao a ei?eiaue oeaio? c?aiey, ?aniieiaeaiiue a
caouei/iuo aeieyo iicaa. A ei?a aieiaiiai iicaa i?ienoiaeeo i/aiue
neiaeiue i?ioeann aicaoaeaeaiee, a ?acoeueoaoa eioi?iai ?iaeaeaaony
c?eoaeueiia iuouaiea, o.a. aicieeaao noauaeoeaiue ia?ac iauaeoeaiiai
ie?a.

I?aaeiaou, eioi?ua aeaeeo aeac, iiaoo ioee/aoueny ii y?einoe ae?oa io
ae?oaa. Niiniaiinoue aeaca i?eniinaaeeaaoueny e ?acee/iie y?einoe
inaauaiey iacuaaaony aaeaioaoeeae.

Aeey i?eaueaiey aeac e iiaie noaiaie inaauaiey o?aaoaony ii?aaeaeaiiia
a?aiy. Iiiaa ec oi?ioi inaauaiiiai iiiauaiey a iieooaiiia. Iu aia/aea
ie/aai ia aeaeei. Iaeiaei iinoaiaiii /oanoaeoaeueiinoue aeaca
iiauoaaony, e iu ia/eiaai ?acee/aoue ie?oaeathuea ian i?aaeiaou.

Eneeth/eoaeueii aaaeiie yaeyaony niiniaiinoue iaoaai i?aaia c?aiey
?acee/aoue aaneiia/iia ?aciiia?acea oeaaoiauo iooaiie.

Ecaanoii, /oi ana oeaaoiaua oiia ia?acothony i?e niaoaiee naie iniiaiuo
oeaaoia niaeo?a, ia eioi?ua ?aceaaaaony aeiaaiie (aaeue) naao, i?ioiaey
/a?ac i?ecio. Yoi- e?aniue, i?aiaeaaue, aeaeoue, caeaiue, aieoaie, neiee
e oeieaoiaue. Iao aaeeeee niioa/anoaaiiee I. A. Eiiiiinia aia?aua
aeieacae, /oi iacaaiiua naiue oeaaoia iiaeii iieo/eoue i?e niaoaiee o?ao
ec ieo: e?aniiai, caeaiiai e oeieaoiaiai. Ia yoii iniiaaiee o/aiua O.
THia e A.Aaeueiaieueoe auneacaee i?aaeiieiaeaiea
i nouanoaiaaiee a nao/aoea o?ao yeaiaioia (eee eiiiiiaioia), eaaeaeue ec
eioi?uo i?aaeiacia/ai aeey i?aeiouanoaaiiiai aini?eyoey oieueei iaeiiai
ec yoeo oeaaoia. I?e aeaenoaee ia aeac oeaaoiauo eo/ae aicaoaeaeathony
o?e yeaiaioa, ii a ?aciie noaiaie, /oi e iicaieyao aini?eieiaoue ana
?aciiia?acea oeaaoiauo iooaieia.

Aeey noaeaeaiey i niiniaiinoe aeaca ?acee/aoue oi?io e aaee/eio
?anniao?eaaaiiai i?aaeiaoa iieuecothony iiiyoeai ino?iou c?aiey. Ia?eeii
ino?iou c?aiey neoaeeo oaie iiae eioi?ui aeaeai i?aaeiao. *ai iaiueoa
yoio oaie, oai auoa ino?ioa c?aiey. O aieueoeinoaa ethaeae ieieiaeueiay
aaee/eia oaea c?aiey ?aaia 1 ieiooa. Eiiaaea caei?iaue aeac iiaeao
iaeaaeaoue ino?ioie c?aiey ianeieueei iaiueoae, /ai aaeeieoea.
Ano?a/aaony e ino?ioa c?aiey cia/eoaeueii i?aauoathuay aaeeieoeo.

Aeac /aeiaaea i?aaenoaaeyao niaie naiaia?acioth iioe/aneoth eaia?o, a
eioi?ie iiaeii auaeaeeoue naaoi/oanoaeoaeueiue ye?ai-nao/aoeo e
naaoii?aeiieythuea n?aaeu, aeaaiui ia?acii ?iaiaeoeo e o?onoaeee.
O?onoaeee n iiiiuueth naycee niaaeeiai n oeeeea?iie iuooeae,
?aniieiaeaiiie oe?ieei eieueoeii iicaaee ei?iy ?aaeoaeiie iaiei/ee.
Aeaaiaea?y aeayoaeueiinoe yoie iuooeu o?onoaeee iiaeao eciaiyoue naith
oi?io, noaiiaeony aieaa eee iaiaa auioeeui e niioaaonoaaiii neeueiaa eee
neaaaa i?aeiieyoue iiiaaeathuea a aeac eo/ei naaoa- yoi yaeaiea auei
iacaaii aeeiiiaeaoeeae

?ao?aeoeey- yoi i?aeiieythuay niiniaiinoue aeaca i?e iieia
aeeiiiaeaoeee, eiaaea o?onoaeee iaeneiaeueii oieiuai. ?acee/atho o?e
aeaea ?ao?aeoeee aeaca: ni?acia?ioth, aeaeueiici?eoth e aeeci?oeith.

A aeaco n ni?acia?iie ?ao?aeoeeae ia?aeeaeueiua eo/e, eaeouea io
aeaeaeeo i?aaeiaoia, ia?anaeathony ia nao/aoea. Oai naiui iaania/eaaaony
io/aoeeaia aeaeaiea i?aaeiaoa. Aeey iieo/aiey ia nao/aoea yniuo
ecia?aaeaiee, ?aniieiaeaiiuo aaeece i?aaeiaoia, oaeie aeac aeieaeai
oneeeoue naith i?aeiieythuoth niiniaiinoue ca n/ao iai?yaeaiey
aeeiiiaeaoeee, o.a. iooai oaaee/aiey e?eaeciu o?onoaeeea. *ai aeeaea
iaoiaeeony ?anniao?eaaaiue i?aaeiao, oai aieaa auioeeui noaiiaeony
o?onoaeee, /oiau ia?aianoe oieoniia ecia?aaeaiea i?aaeiaoa ia nao/aoeo.

Aeaeueiici?eee aeac iaeaaeaao ioiineoaeueii neaaie i?aeiieythuae
niiniaiinoueth. A oaeii aeaco ia?aeeaeueiua eo/e, eaeouea io i?aaeiaoia,
?aniieiaeaiiuo aaeaee, ia?anaeathony ca nao/aoeie.

A aeeci?oeii aeaco ia?aeeaeueiua eo/e, eaeouea io aeaeaeeo i?aaeiaoia,
ia?anaeathony aia?aaee nao/aoee, ia aeioiaey aei iaa. Oaeiio aeaco,
i?aeiieythuay niiniaiinoue e aac oiai aaeeea, aeeiiiaeaoeey iiii/ue ia a
ninoiyiee.

?acee/atho aeeci?oeinoue e aeaeueiici?einoue neaaie (aei 3 aeeiio?ee),
n?aaeiae (io 4 aei 6 aeeiio?ee) e aunieie noaiaie (aieaa 6 aeeiio?ee)

Aeey yniiai aeaeaiey i?aaeiaoa oieon iiiaaeathueo a aeac eo/ae aeieaeai
niaiaaeaoue n nao/aoeie. Ii yoi ia aaeeinoaaiiia oneiaea aeey yniiai
aeaeaiey. *oiau ?acee/eoue oiieea aeaoaee i?aaeiaoa, iaiaoiaeeii, /oiau
aai ecia?aaeaiea iiiaei ia iaeanoue aeaeoiai iyoia nao/aoee,
?aniieiaeaiioth i?yii i?ioea c?a/ea.

Oeaio?aeueiue o/anoie aeaeoiai iyoia yaeyaony ianoii iaeeo/oaai
aeaeaiey. Eeieth, niaaeeiythuoth ?anniao?eaaaiue i?aaeiao n oeaio?ii
aeaeoiai iyoia, iacuaatho c?eoaeueiie eeieae, a niiniaiinoue
iaeiia?aiaiii iai?aaeyoue ia ?anniao?eaaaiue i?aaeiao c?eoaeueiua eeiee
iaieo aeac- eiiaa?aaioeeae. *ai aeeaea iaoiaeeony c?eoaeueiue iauaeo,
oai aieueoa aeieaeiu auoue c?eoaeueiua eeiee.

Aeaaa 2: Aeeci?oeinoue. Aa i?ienoiaeaeaiea,

i?eioeeiu i?ioeeaeoeee e ea/aiey.

O iiai?iaeaeaiiuo aeaca, eae i?aaeei, aeaeueiici?eea. Ii ia?a ?inoa
?aaaiea ?acia? aeaciiai yaeiea oaaee/eaaaony. E 9-12 aiaeai o
aieueoeinoaa aeaoae aeaca noaiiaeony ni?acia?iuie. Iaeiaei o iaeioi?uo
oa?iaeaeiay oi?ia aeaca iiaeao eciaieoueny, noaoue oaeeeiaiiie . A yoii
neo/aa caaeiee ioaeae aeaciiai yaeiea ?anoyaeaaaony. Nao/aoea
niioaaonoaaiii ioiaeaeaaaony. Iieo/athueany a oaeeo aeacao ecia?aaeaiey
ioaeaeaiiuo i?aaeiaoia ia?anoatho niaiaaeaoue n nao/aoeie e oa?ytho
io/aoeeainoue. Aeaca noaiiayony aeeci?oeeie. Anee aeaciia yaeiei
i?iaeieaeaao oaeeeiyoueny, oi i?iaeieaeaao oaaee/eaaoueny e noaiaiue
aeeci?oeinoe. A oaeeo neo/ayo aiai?yo, /oi aeeci?oeinoue i?ia?anne?oao.

Eae i?iyaeyao naay ia/aei ?acaeoey aeeci?oeinoe? Oeieueiee, iai?eia?,
ia/eiaao ieioi aeaeaoue, /oi iaienaii ia eeanniie aeinea, e i?ineo
ia?anaaeeoue aai ia ia?aoth ia?oo. I?e /oaiee ii i?eaeeaeaao eieao e
aeacai, neeueii neeiiyao aieiao ai a?aiy ienueia.

Aeey aeeci?oeeo oa?aeoa?ii i?euo?eaaiea aeac i?e ?anniao?eaaiea
i?aaeiaoia. Yoi aucaaii oai, /oi nao/aoea i?e aeeci?oeinoe ieacuaaaony
?anieiaeaiiie iicaaee oieona iiiaaeathueo a aeac eo/ae naaoa, iiyoiio
eaaeaeay oi/ea ?anniao?eaaaiiai i?aaeiaoa ecia?aaeaaony ia nao/aoea a
aeaea iaaieueoiai ?aciuoiai e?oaa, a ia oi/ee. Ianeaeaaynue ae?oa ia
ae?oaa, yoe e?oaeee oiaiueoatho /aoeinoue a?aieoe i?aaeiaoa, /oi aaaeao
e iiieaeaieth ino?iou c?aiey. Oaeia iiieaeaiiia c?aiea iacuaatho
«c?aieai a e?oaao naaoi?annayiey». I?e i?euo?eaaiea aeac oiaiueoaaony
?acia? c?a/ea, e?oae naaoi?annayiey noaiiayony iaiueoa e ino?ioa c?aiey
ianeieueei iiauoaaony.

No?aieaiea /?acia?ii i?eaeeceoue c?eoaeueiue iauaeo e aeeci?oeei aeacai,
/oiau aai ecia?aaeaiea ia nao/aoea noaei aieaa e?oiiui e /aoeei, o?aaoao
oneeaiiie eiiaa?aaioeee, a cia/eo, c?eoaeueiie iaa?ocee ia iaa
aioo?aiiea i?yiua iuooeu, iiai?a/eaathuea eaaeaeue aeac aioo?e (e iino).
Yoi aucuaaao ooiieaiea iuooe, iai?eyoiua iuouaiey e aiee a iaeanoe aeac
e eaa (iuoa/iay anoaiiiey). Ia?aaeei iuooeu ia ni?aaeythony n oaeie
iai?yaeaiiie ?aaioie, e iaeei aeac ioeeiiyaony a noi?iio aenea.
Aicieeaao ?anoiaeyuaany einiaeacea.

A aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa i?e aeeci?oeinoe oaeeeiaiey aeaciiai yaeiea
auaaao oia?aiiui e ino?ioa c?aiey nieaeaaony anee /aeiaae niio?eo
aaeaeue. Yoio aeaoaeo ono?aiyaony i?e iiiiue i/eia, eioi?ua
ainnoaiaaeeaatho /aoeinoue ecia?aaeaiey ioaeaeaiiuo i?aaeiaoia,
ia?aiiny eo ia nao/aoeo. I/ee eneeth/atho iaiaoiaeeiinoue /?acia?ii
i?eaeeaeaoue aeaca e eieaa eee oao?aaee e oai naiui i?aiyonoaoao
aicieeiiaaieth iuoa/iie anoaiiiee e ?anoiaeyuaainy einiaeacey.

Aac i/eia oaeea oeieueieee ieioi aeaeyo oaea e ia aeeceii ?annoiyiee.
Oae i?e aeeci?oeinoe 3 aeeiio?ee oi?ioi ?acee/eiu oieueei oa i?aaeiaou,
eioi?ua iaoiaeyony io aeac ia ?annoiyiee aei 33-35 ni. I?e aeeci?oeinoe
6 aeeiio?ee yoa iia?aie/iay ciia yniiai aeaeaiey ?aniieaaaaony io aeac
ia ?annoiyiee anaai 16- 18 ni. *ai aeaeueoa io yoie ciiu iaoiaeeony
?anniao?eaaaony i?aaeiao, oai ooaea ii aeaeai.

I?e iaineiaeiaiiie aeeci?oeinoe, aeaaea aunieie noaiaie, /anoi i/ee
ainnoaiaaeeaaao iieioth ino?ioo c?aiey. Iaeiaei i?ia?anne?iaaiea
aeeci?oeinoe iiaeao 3 aeeiio?ee oi?ioi ?acee/eiu oieueei oa i?aaeiaou,
eioi?ua iaoiaeyony io aeac ia ?annoiyiee aei 33-35 ni. I?e aeeci?oeinoe
6 aeeiio?ee yoa iia?aie/iay ciia yniiai aeaeaiey ?aniieaaaaony io aeac
ia ?annoiyiee anaai 16-18 ni. *ai aeaeueoa io yoie ciiu iaoiaeeony
?anniao?eaaaiue i?aaeiao, oai ooaea ii aeaeai.

I?e iaineiaeiaiiie aeeci?oeinoe, aeaaea aunieie noaiaie, /anoi i/ee
ainnoaiaaeeaatho iieioth ino?ioo c?aiey. Iaeiaei i?ia?anne?iaaiea
aeeci?oeinoe iiaeao i?eaanoe e na?ueaciui iaia?aoeiui eciaiaieyi a aeaco
e cia/eoaeueiie iioa?a c?aiey, eioi?ia iiae aeeyieai i/eia oeo/oaaony
eeoue a iaaieueoie ia?a eee ia oeo/oaaony aiana. Yoe eciaiaiey, a
iniiaiii, iaaethaeathony a caaeiai ioaeaea aeaca, eioi?ue iiaeaa?aaaony
?anoyaeaieth. Ianooiaao /anoe/iay aeaaeue (ao?ioey) yeaiaioia
ninoaeenoie iaiei/ee. Aneaaenoaea yoiai ?acei ia?ooaaony ieoaiea aeaca,
iniaaiii nao/aoee. A? ninoaeu ia?aaeei ?ac?uaathony, /oi
nii?iaiaeaeaaony e?iaieceeyieyie a nao/aoeo. Ana yoi io?eoeaoaeueii
neacuaaaony ia ino?ioa c?aiey, iiieaeaiea eioi?iai auaaao iniaaiii
cia/eoaeueiui, anee ao?ioey caoaaouaaao iaeanoue aeaeoiai iyoia- ianoa
iaeeo/oaai aeaeaiey.

A ?yaea neo/aaa ?acaeeaeaaony noaeeiaeaeiia oaei, caiieiythuaa iieinoue
aeaca, eaaeauoth iicaaee o?onoaeeea. A noaeeiaeaeiii oaea iiyaeythony
iaeeea e e?oiiua oeiiueaaeaeiua iiiooiaiey, eioi?ua aini?eieiathony
/aeiaaeii a aeaea ia?aiauathueony a iiea c?aiey oaiiuo oaiae iaoathueo
c?aieth.

Iiae aeeyieai ?aceeo nio?ynaiee oaea, ooeaa aeaca e ?yaea ae?oaeo
iaaeaaii?eyoiuo oaeoi?ia eciaiaiiay e ineaaeaiiay nao/aoea iiaeao
?ac?uaaoueny. *a?ac ?ac?ua iiae nao/aoeo i?iieeaao ec noaeeiaeaeiiai
oaea aioo?eaeaciay aeeaeeinoue. Aicieeaao iaeii ec naiuo oyaeaeuo
ineiaeiaiee aeeci?oeinoe- ioneieea nao/aoee, eioi?ay oneeeaaao i?ioeann
aa ia?a?iaeaeaiey e nieaeaao ino?ioo c?aiey a aua aieueoae noaiaie,
aieioue aei i?aeoe/aneie neaiiou. Oieueei neiaeiay iia?aoeey, naeaeaiiay
naiaa?aiaiii, iiiiaeao a oaeeo neo/ayo ianeieueei oeo/oeoue c?aiea.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi

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