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Yieaeaieieiaey e i?ioeeaeoeea aeeooa?ee a aieneao

?ani?ino?aiaiiia i?aaenoaaeaiea i aeeooa?ee eae aeaoneie eioaeoeee
yaeyaony iaoi/iui. Aicaoaeeoaeue aeeooa?ee (Corynebacterium diphteriae)
e aai aicaeaenoaea ia i?aaieci /aeiaaea eiaao ?yae iniaaiiinoae, eioi?ua
e ii?aaeaeytho yieaeaieieiaeth yoiai caaieaaaiey. Ianoii eieaeecaoeee
aaeoa?ee aeeooa?ee yaeyaony neecenoay iiniaeioee e aa?oieo aeuoaoaeueiuo
iooae, ?aaea ae?oaeo /anoae i?aaiecia. Ia?aaeaaony aicaoaeeoaeue
aicaeooii-eaiaeueiui (iaeaieaa aeoeaiui) iooai, aneaaenoaea /aai a
anoanoaaiiuo oneiaeyo ca?aaeaiea i?ienoiaeeo aua a aeaoneii aic?anoa.
Caaieaaaao ieiei 20% aia?aua ca?aaeaiiuo eeoe, inoaeueiua ia?aiinyo
aan-neiioiiioth oi?io eioaeoeee (caei?iaia iineoaeuenoai). A oii e
ae?oaii neo/ayo iaei/ea aeeooa?ee, ?aciiiaeaynue a ianoa eiieoeyoeee,
auaeaeyao yecioienei, eioi?ue ii?aaeaeyao eae iaoiaaiac caaieaaaiey, oae
e eiio-iieiae/aneoth ia?ano?ieeo i?aaiecia. Au?aaaouaaaiue a ca?aaeaiiii
i?aaiecia aioeoiene/aneee eiioieoao caueuaao aai a neo/aa iiaoi?iiai
ca?aaeaiey, ii ia i?aiyonoaoao ?aciiiaeaieth aicaoaeeoaey (eiioiiia
iineoaeuenoai) e iineaaeothuaio iannaaeo aai n?aaee ianaeaiey, eiathuaai
eiioieoao. I?e yoii i?ienoiaeeo ia?eiaee/aneay noeioeyoeey oaanathuaai
aioeoiene/aneiai eiioieoaoa o ac?ineuo i?e i?iaeieaeathuaeny
oee?eoeyoeee aicaoaeeoaey. Anoue iniiaaiea n/eoaoue, /oi i?e
iaiaeiie?aoiuo ?aeioaeoeeyo au?aaaouaaaony e aioeiee?iaiue eiioieoao,
i?aiyonoaothuee eee ia?aie/eaathuee aiciiaeiinoue i?eaeeaeaiey
aicaoaeeoaey a i?aaiecia. Iiyoiio a anoanoaaiiuo oneiaeyo oa/aiey
yieaeaie/aneiai i?ioeanna ia oieueei caaieaaaaiinoue, ii e
eioaineaiinoue iineoaeuenoaa n aic?anoii oiaiueoathony.

Yoe iauea caeiiiia?iinoe eioaeoeeiiii-eiioiieiae/aneiai ii?yaeea,
ii?aaeaeythuea oa?aeoa? ?ani?ino?aiaiey e ?ani?aaeaeaiey aeeooa?ee
n?aaee ianaeaiey, iauyniytho e iniaua yieaeaieieiae/aneea neooaoeee,
naycaiiua n ii?aaeaieai aeeooa?eae ac?ineuo ethaeae, iniaaiii a aieineeo
eieeaeoeaao. Caaieaaaaiinoue aeeooa?eae ac?ineuo iaiaeiie?aoii
iaaethaeaeanue i?e caiina aicaoaeeoaey a ioiineoaeueii eciee?iaaiiua
a?oiiu ianaeaiey, aaea a oa/aiea iiiaeo eao ia auei aeeooa?ee,
neaaeiaaoaeueii, e anoanoaaiiie eiioiecaoeee ca n/ao oee?eoeyoeee
aicaoaeeoaey. Aiaeiae/iay ianoaiiaea nicaeaaony i?e oi?ie?iaaiee
aieueoeo eieeaeoeaia ec ?acee/iuo a?oii ianaeaiey, eiaaea ec ii?aaeaiiuo
iano caaiceony aicaoaeeoaeue, a ec iaii?aaeaiiuo iano i?eauaatho eeoea,
ia eiathuea eiioieoaoa. Oae, i?iaeaia aeeooa?ee auea iniai aeooaeueiie
aeey o?aioeocneie a?iee a o?eaeoeaouo aiaeao a nayce n i?ecuaii
cia/eoaeueiiai /enea eieiieaeueiuo eiioeiaaioia. Iiyoiio ai o?aioeocneie
a?iee eiioiecaoeey ee/iiai ninoaaa aiene i?ioea aeeooa?ee aaaaeaia oaea
a 1931 a. ii yieaeaie/aneei iieacaieyi, a a 1936 a. — a ieaiiaii
ii?yaeea. Ai?ueaa n aeeooa?eae i?eia?aea aieueoia cia/aiea aeey ?yaea
eiino?aiiuo a?iee ai a?aiy aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu, a oaeaea a iineaaiaiiue
ia?eiae. Ii aeaiiui aia?eeaineeo aaoi?ia, e eiioeo aieiu e a
iineaaiaiiua ianyoeu yoi caaieaaaiea noaei iaeiie ec aeaaiuo
yieaeaieieiae/aneeo i?iaeai aeey ieeoiaoeeiiiuo aiene. Nia?oiinoue io
aeeooa?ee a aia?eeaineeo ieeoiaoeeiiiuo aieneao a 1946 a. a 2 ?aca
i?aauoaea nia?oiinoue io iiaaiiiee e ninoaaeea 15,3% io anao caaieaaaiee
e 45,3% —io eioaeoeeiiiuo aieaciae. Aunieee iieacaoaeue nia?oiinoe io
aeeooa?ee a aia?eeaineeo aieneao a ia?eiae aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu aue e ia
N?aaeecaiiiii?neii oaao?a aiaiiuo aeaenoaee — 2,05 ia 100 000 ee/iiai
ninoaaa e niioaaonoaiaae iieacaoaeyi nia?oiinoe io ooaa?eoeaca e
aaeoa?eaeueiie iiaaiiiee, onooiay eeoue iaey?ee (8,21), iieeiieaeeoo
(5,47) e inia (3,42),

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy caaieaaaaiinoue aeeooa?eae, aa eioaineaiinoue e
iniaaiiinoe ?ani?aaeaeaiey eae ii aic?anoai, oae e ii ae?oaei i?eciaeai
ii?aaeaeythony a iniiaiii iinoaiiaeie i?eaeai/iiai aeaea. Eiioiecaoeey
i?ioea aeeooa?ee ii aeaenoaothuaio nae/an a NNN? eaeaiaea?th i?eaeaie
ia/eiaaony ia ia?aii aiaeo aeecie ?aaaiea. Eiioieoao iiaeaea?aeeaaaony
ia?eiaee/aneeie ?aaaeoeeiaoeeyie, iineaaeiyy ec eioi?uo aeaeaaony a 11
eao. Ecaanoii, /oi aeeeoaeueiinoue eneonnoaaiii nicaeaiiiai eiioieoaoa
en/eneyaony 3—5 aiaeaie. I?e i?iaeieaeathuaeny oee?eoeyoeee aicaoaeeoaey
n?aaee ianaeaiey eneonnoaaiii nicaeaiiue eiioieoao iiaeaea?aeeaaaony
?aeioaeoeeyie, ia nii?iaiaeaeathueieny caaieaaaieai. Ii ia?a nieaeaiey
eioaineaiinoe oee?eoeyoeee aicaoaeeoaey aa?iyoiinoue anoanoaaiiie
?aeiioiecaoeee nieaeaaony e e 16—20 aiaeai n?aaee ianaeaiey ia?acoaony
i?ineieea, ia eiathuay eeooieoaoa e aeeooa?ee.

Aeey i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey aicieeiiaaiey aeeooa?ee a oiiiyiooie aic?anoiie
a?oiia aicieeaao iio?aaiinoue a aeiiieieoaeueiie ?aaaeoeeiaoeee. Eiaiii
ii yoiio iooe iioea iaaeeoeeineay neoaeaa iiiaeo ca?oaaaeiu. a?iee. Ii
eiathueiny eeoa?aoo?iui aeaiiui, i?eaeaee i?ioea aeeooa?ee i?iaiaeyony a
a?ieyo A?aaioeiu, Aaeeeia?eoaiee, Aeaiee, Eaiaaeu. Ethenaiao?aa,
Ieaea?eaiaeia, Ii?aaaee, Ii?ooaaeee, NOA e O?aioeee.

A aia?eeaineeo aii?oaeaiiuo neeao eiioiecaoeey i?iaiaeeony
annioeee?iaaiiui aeeooa?eeii-noieaiy/iui aiaoieneiii. A a?ieyo
A?aaioeiu, Ii?ooaaeee, Ethenaiao?aa, Eaiaaeu e O?aioeee eniieuecotho
annioeee?iaaiioth aaeoeeio, aeeth/athuoth oaeoua iaa?aaaieai eee ae?oaea
iaoiaeii aaeoa?ee a?thoiiai oeoa e ia?aoeoia A e A, a oaeaea aiaoieneiu
i?ioea noieaiyea e aeeooa?ee (OAAAeO).

Niaoeeaeueiiai ianoaeaeaiey caneoaeeaaao aii?in i aeica aeeooa?eeiiai
aiaoieneia e noaia eiioiecaoeee i?e i?eaeaeao ac?ineui. Ii aeaiiui
Frattini, a a?aaioeineie a?iee i?eaeaee OAAAeO i?iaiaeyony aeaoe?aoii n
eioa?aaeii ia iaiaa aeaoo iaaeaeue. I?eaeai/iay aeica aeeooa?eeiiai
aiaoieneia 30 Lf. ?aaeoiaaiiinoue i?aia?aoa iaaunieay. Caaieaaaaiinoue
aeeooa?eae (ia 10000 ee/iiai ninoaaa) a aii?oaeaiiuo neeao A?aaioeiu i?e
i?eiaiaiee TAB a 1940 a. ninoaaeyea 8,111, a 1947 a. nieceeanue aei
0,978, a a 1948 a. a nayce n i?eiaiaieai OAAAeO noaea 0,390, a 1960 a.
nieceeanue aei 0,029. Ii aeaiiui Girier, a aii?oaeaiiuo neeao O?aioeee
i?eiaiyaony annioeee?iaaiiay aaeoeeia OAAAeO, a 1 ie eioi?ie
niaea?aeeony 12,5 Lf aeeooa?eeiiai aiaoieneia (i?eaeaee i?iecaiaeyony ii
1,’2 e 2 ie n eioa?aaeii 20 aeiae). Lapeyssonnie i?eaiaeeo ae?oaoth
noaio i?eaeaie: 0,5—1—1,5 ie n eioa?aaeii 3 iaaeaee (ia?aue eioa?aae
iiaeao auoue nie?auai aei iaaeaee). ?aaeoiaaiiinoue i?aia?aoa oaeaea
iaaunieay.

Aianoa n oai ecaanoii, /oi o /anoe eeoe n aic?anoii ianooiaao
aeea?-aecaoeey e aeeooa?eeiiio aiaoieneio. Iia /aua auaaao o ethaeae, a
i?aaiecia eioi?uo eiaaony aioeoienei. Ii aeaiiui aia?eeaineeo aiaiiuo
a?a/ae, a ia?eiae aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu ii/oe o 10°/i nieaeao,
i?eaeaaaoeony aeeooa?eeiui aiaoieneiii a aeica, ?aeiiaiaeoaiie aeey
aeaoae, ioia/aeenue oaeea ?aaeoeee, /oi o?aaiaaeanue ainieoaeecaoeey.
Aeey auyaeaiey aeea?aee i?eiaiythony i?iau Oeaeea?a (aioo?eeiaeiia
aaaaeaiea 0,2 ie aiaoieneia, ?acaaaeaiiiai a oeceieiae/aneii ?anoai?a
1/100) eee Iieiie (aioo?eeiaeiia aaaaeaiea 0,2 ie aiaoieneia a
?acaaaeaiee 1/10). Eeoeai, o eioi?uo ioia/aaony ianoiay aeia?aiey e ioae
iinea aaaaeaiey yoeo i?aia?aoia, ?aeiiaiaeothony aeey i?eaeaie iaeua
aeicu aiaoieneia. Ii aeaiiui oiiiyioouo auoa aaoi?ia, iieiaeeoaeueiay
?aaeoeey Iieiie auea o 10°/o aia?eeaineeo aiaiiineoaeaueo. Ia i?aeoeea
ia?aae i?eaeaeaie aeeooa?eeiiai aiaoieneia ac?ineui /aua noaaeony
?aaeoeey Oeea, a ia Iieiie (Oeaeea?a) n iineaaeothuae eiioiecaoeeae
oieueei iieiaeeoaeueii ?aaae?othueo. Iaeiaei niaoeeaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey
iieacaee, /oi iiauoaiiay /oanoaeoaeueiinoue e aeeooa?eeiiio aiaoieneio
auyaeaia

i

ii/oe o 1/4 ianeaaeiaaiiuo. E oiio aea i?aaeaa?eoaeueiay iinoaiiaea
?aaeoeee Oeea o?oaeiaiea. Iiyoiio a aia?eeaineeo aii?oaeaiiuo neeao n.
1944 a. a neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe aeiioneaeenue i?eaeaee i?ioea aeeooa?ee
anaio ee/iiio ninoaao aac i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie iinoaiiaee ?aaeoeee Oeea eee
Iieiie (Oeaeea?a). Ia/eiaee eo n aeicu 0,1 ie (aianoi iau/iie 0,5 ie).
*a?ac 48 /ania i?iaa?yee iauoth e ianoioth ?aaeoeee. I?ioeaiiieacaieai e
i?iaeieaeaieth i?eaeaie n/eoaeenue ioae eee caoaa?aeaiea i ianoa
aaaaeaiey i?aia?aoa aeeaiao?ii aieaa 6 ni, eee iiauoaiea oaiia?aoo?u
auoa 39°. Eeoea, o eioi?uo ia ioia/aeenue yoe ?aaeoeee, iiaeeaaeaee
eiioiecaoeee ii noaia 0,5—1—1 ie n eioa?aaeia 3 iaaeaee.

N 1955 a. a aia?eeaineeo aii?oaeaiiuo neeao aaaaeaia iaycaoaeueiay
eiioiecaoeey ee/iiai ninoaaa annioeee?iaaiiui aeeooa?eeii-noieaiy/-iui
aiaoieneiii aac eaeeo-eeai i?aaeaa?eoaeueiuo i?ia. A 1 ie (i?eaeai/iay
aeica) yoiai i?aia?aoa niaea?aeeony 2 Lf aeeooa?eeiiai aiaoieneia, o. a.
1/10 i?eiyoie a NOA iaaeeao?e/aneie aeicu. Ii aeaiiui J. W. Coock e J.
I. Greeberg, yoie aeicu ieacuaaaony aeinoaoi/ii aeey aini?iecaaaeaiey
eiioieoaoa i?ioea aeeooa?ee. Iiuo eniieueciaaiey i?aia?aoa iieacae aai
a?aaeoiaaiiinoue.

Ii nouanoaothuei a iaoae no?aia iieiaeaieyi i?e oa?ica aicieeiiaaiey
aeeooa?ee n?aaee ac?ineuo ei aia/aea noaaeony ?aaeoeey Oeea. ‘I oai, o
eioi?uo ioia/aia iieiaeeoaeueiay ?aaeoeey, aaiaeyo 0,3 ie aeeooa?eeiiai
aiaoieneia aianoi iau/iie eiioiece?othuae aeicu 0,5 ie (18LiBMecTo30Lf).

A iineaaeiaa a?aiy a NNN? aeey i?eaeaie ac?ineuo ?ac?aaioai e
auioneaaony niaoeeaeueiue, oae iacuaaaiue iiae?inoeiaue, aeeooa?eeiue

•(aeeooa?eeii-noieaiy/iue) aiaoienei. I?eaeai/iay aeica (0,5 ie)
niaea?aeeo 5 Lf aeeooa?eeiiai aiaoieneia. I?aia?ao ?aeiiaiaeoaony aeey
i?eaeaie aac i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie iinoaiiaee ?aaeoeee Oeea.

I?e ioeaiea eceiaeaiiuo auoa noai eiioiecaoeee neaaeoao eiaoue a aeaeo,
/oi ?aaeoeey Oeea o ac?ineuo, eae iieacaee niaoeeaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey
iineaaeieo eao, ia io?aaeaao iieiinoueth eiioiieiae/aneie no?oeoo?u
eieeaeoeaa. O eeoe n io?eoeaoaeueiie ?aaeoeeae ia?aaeei iao caueoiiai
oeo?a (0,03 AA e auoa) aioeoieneia a e?iae. Iiyoiio n?aaee ieo
:;:thethaeathony neo/ae caaieaaaiey aeeoth?eae. A niioaaonoaee n yoeie
.yiiuie a ianoiyuaa a?aiy ianoaeaeaaony aii?in i aeiiieieoaeueiie
ieaiiaie ?aaaeoeeiaoeee a aic?anoa 15—17 eao e i i?iaaaeaiee i?eaeaie ii

yiaeaie/aneei iieacaieyi aac i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie iinoaiiaee ?aaeoeee
‘.1:.1ea anai eeoeai a i/aaa niaoeeaeueiui aiaoieneiii aeey ac?ineuo.
Aeoeaiay eiioiecaoeey yaeyaony iniiaiui n?aaenoaii ai?ueau n aeeo-

.?iae. Aianoa n oai a nenoaia ia?ii?eyoee ii eeeaeaeaoeee
yieaeaie/a-:oiai i/aaa i?aaeoniao?eaathony oaeaea naiaa?aiaiiia
auyaeaiea aieue-

uo e iineoaeae, eo ecieyoeey e ea/aiea, a oaeaea ia?ii?eyoey ii ?ac-“uao
iooae ia?aaea/e aicaoaeeoaey. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aieueiua aeeooa?eae
:’iaaenoaaeytho a 10 ?ac aieueooth iianiinoue a ioiioaiee ia?aaea/e
eioaeoeee, /ai iineoaee aac ainiaeeoaeueiuo yaeaiee ia neecenouo
aeuoaoaeueiuo iooae e a 3—4 ?aca, /ai iineoaee n ainiaeeoaeueiuie
yaeaieyie. Ii, iineieueeo iineoaeae aieueoa a eiee/anoaaiiii ioiioaiee e
eo ia eci-

– )otho aac niaoeeaeueiuo eaai?aoi?iuo enneaaeiaaiee, iie i?aaenoaaeytho
1aioth yieaeaie/aneoth iianiinoue. ?acoeueoaou ianeaaeiaaiee a i/aaao
iacuaatho, /oi ieiei 95% anao aieueiuo aeeooa?eae ca?aaeaaony io iineee.
I?iaeieaeeoaeueiinaue caei?iaiai e eiioiiiai iineoaeuenoaa iaaaeeea aua
anaai ia?aie/eaaaony 1—10 aeiyie, eeoue eiiaaea caoyaeaaaony aei ‘nyoea
e aieaa. ?aeiiaaeanoeaioiia iineoaeuenoai i?iaeieaeaaony 2—3 ia-ee,
eeoue a ioaeaeueiuo (?aaeeeo) neo/ayo aeeeony ianeieueei ianyoeaa.
Iaeiaei iiaeeciaiiiai ?aeiiaaeanoeaioiiai iineoaeuenoaa, iiaeiaii oiio
eae yoi eiaao ianoi i?e a?thoiii oeoa, ia ioia/aaony.

Ioeaieaay ia?ii?eyoey a ioiioaiee aieueiuo, neaaeoao eiaoue a aeaeo
/anoua aeeaaiinoe/aneea ioeaee, eioi?ua aeiioneatho aiaiiua a?a/e. Ia

53

yoi iniai ia?auaee aieiaiea aia?eeaineea niaoeeaeenou i?e iaiauaiee
iiuoa aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu. Ii eo aeaiiui, a oio ia?eiae
aeeaaiinoe?iaaeanue i?aeiouanoaaiii oyaeaei ineiaeiaiiay aeeooa?ey, a
/anoiinoe i?e ianniaii iinooieaiee aieueiuo n iieeiaa?eoaie,
nii?iaiaeaeathueie eioaeoeeth. Ia?aue aeeaaiic iau/ii noaaeee
iaa?iiaoieiae, a ia?aaeei e iaoieiaiaiaoiiu.

Aicaoaeeoaeue aeeooa?ee niiniaai, eae oaea ioia/aeinue, e ?aciiiaeaieth
ia oieueei ia neecenouo aeuoaoaeueiuo iooae, ii e ae?oaeo i?aaiia, a
oaeaea iia?aaeaeaiiuo o/anoeao eiaee. A nayce n yoei aiciiaeiu neo/ae
caaieaaaiee n aoeie/iie eieaeecaoeeae ianoiiai ioaaa. Ai a?aiy aoi?ie
ie?iaie aieiu ia Oeoiieaaineii e Eiaei-Ae?iaineii oaao?ao aiaiiuo
aeaenoaee iniaoth i?iaeaio aeey iaaeeoeeineie neoaeau aia?eeaineie a?iee
ninoaaeea eiaiii eiaeiay oi?ia aeeooa?ee. Ia aa aeieth i?eoiaeeeinue
ieiei 50°/i anae caaieaaaaiinoe aeeooa?eae. A 30—40% eiaeioth oi?io
aeeooa?ee nii?iaiaeaeaee oyaeaeua iieeiaa?eou. Ana yoe iaoa?eaeu
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i iaiaoiaeeiinoe iinoiyiiie ianoi?iaeaiiinoe a
ioiioaiee aeeooa?ee e niaoeeaeueiie iiaeaioiaee iaaeeoeeineiai ninoaaa
ii aii?inai yoie eioaeoeee. Aaaeii oaeaea aeiaeaaoueny iaoeeiiiiai
auiieiaiey i?aaeoniio?aiiuo nouanoaothueie iieiaeaieyie ia?ii?eyoee a
ioiioaiee aiaei, iineieueeo iiiaea ec ieo yaeythony iaueie e aeey
aeeooa?ee. Iaycaoaeueiui a i/aaa aeeooa?ee yaeyaony ianeaaeiaaiea
caei?iauo ethaeae (oae iacuaaaiuo eiioaeoiuo) n oeaeueth auyaeaiey
iineoaeae n iineaaeothuae eo ecieyoeeae e ainieoaeecaoeeae. Eiee/anoai
eeoe, iiaeeaaeaueo ianeaaeiaaieth, ii?aaeaeyaony eiie?aoiuie oneiaeyie
i/aaa n o/aoii iniaaiiinoae iaoaiecia ia?aaea/e aicaoaeeoaey aeeooa?ee.
Iaeaieaa aeoeaiay ia?aaea/a inouanoaeyaony eaiaeueiie oacie ay?iciey.
Iaeiaei aicaoaeeoaeue aeeooa?ee nio?aiyao aeecianiiniaiinoue e a
yae?uoei-aie oaca ay?iciey, a ii iiaieth ioaeaeueiuo aaoi?ia, e a
iueaaie. Iiyoiio ianeaaeiaaieth iiaeeaaeao ana iaoiaeeaoeany a niaeueiii
iiiauaiee eaca?iu, a a ?yaea neo/aaa e ee/iue ninoaa, iauaaoeeny n
enoi/ieeii einUeaeoeee a ae?oaeo ianoao (o/aaiue eeann, noieiaay e i?.).

*anoioa iineoaeuenoaa aeeooa?eeiuo aicaoaeeoaeae a ?acee/iuo eieeaeoeaao
e a ?aciuo oneiaeyo iaiaeeiaeiaa. I?e ionoonoaee caaieaaaaiinoe
iineoaeuenoaa iiaeao ia auoue eee iii au?aaeaaony iaaieueoeie aeieyie
i?ioeaioa, a i/aaao aea iiaeao aeinoeaaoue 5—10% e aieaa.

Ca iineaaeiea aiaeu iiiaie?aoii ianoaeaeaeny aii?in ia eciaiaieyo
aeeooa?eeiiai aicaoaeeoaey i?e iannaaeao /a?ac eiioiiua i?aaieciu.
Ioaeaeueiua aaoi?u auneacuaaee iiaiea i iinoaiaiiie oo?aoa
iaoiaai-iinoe, a /anoiinoe niiniaiinoe ia?aciauaaoue oienei, o. a. i
ia?aoiaea a :

iaoieneaaiiue aa?eaio. Yoi iiaiea iniiauaaeinue ia ?acoeueoaoao eaai- ‘
?aoi?iuo iaaethaeaiee i aiciiaeiinoe ia?aoiaea oieneaaiiuo eoeueoo? a
iaoieneaaiiua, a oaeaea yieaeaieieiae/aneeo — i iinoaiaiiii nieaeaiee
eioaineaiinoe oee?eoeyoeee oieneaaiiuo eoeueoo? ia?aeeaeueii n
oiaiueoaieai caaieaaaaiinoe n?aaee ianaeaiey, eiathuaai eiioieoao.
Iaeiaei ouaoaeueii i?iaaaeaiiua yieaeaieieiai-aaeoa?eieiae/aneea
enneaaeiaaiey iiea ia iiaeoaa?aeeee yoiai i?aaeiieiaeaiey. Oee?eoeyoeey
oieneaaiiuo e iaoieneaaiiuo ooaiiia i?ienoiaeeo iacaaeneii, e oiiiyiooua
auoa iaaethaeaiey a i/aaao yaeyth any neaaenoaeai ?aeioaeoeee
iaoieneaaiiui ooaiiii eeoe, inaiaiaeeaoeony io oieneaaiiiai ooaiia. Ia
iieo/eee iiea yieaeaieieiae/aneie eioa?i?aoaoeee e iaaethaeathueany a
eaai?aoi?iuo oneiaeyo ia?aoiaeu iaoieneaaiiuo eoeueoo? a oieneaaiiua
iooai o?ainaeoeoeee yieniiu oieneaaiiinoe, a oii /enea eeciaaiiie
(oaaiaie) eiiaa?nee. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy niaia iaoieneaaiiuo eoeueoo?
oieneaai-11uie e iaiai?io aieueoeinoaii aaoi?ia ?anniao?eaaaony eae
?acoeueoao ?aeioeoee?iaaiey. Iiyoiio ia?ii?eyoey i?iaiaeyony eeoue a
ioiioaiee iineoaeae oieneaaiiuo eoeueoo?. Neaaeoao o/eouaaoue o?oaeiinoe
naiaoeee “oii?iuo” iineoaeae. Aianoa n oai iaeiieaiu aeaiiua i oii, /oi
a ;a:-ioiiuo eieeaeoeaao iie ia i?aaenoaaeytho iianiinoe.

O?oaeiinoe eeeie/aneie aeeaaiinoeee aeeooa?ee e iio?aaiinoue a
eaai?aoi?iii iiaeoaa?aeaeaiee aeeaaiica, iaiaoiaeeiinoue auyaeaiey
iineoaeae, a oaeaea eiio?iey ca i/euaieai ?aeiiaaeanoeaioia e iineoaeae
io aicaoaeeoaey — ana yoi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao ia aeooaeueiinoe
eaai?aoi?iuo enneaaeiaaiee a’nenoaia ia?ii?ey/ee ii ai?ueaa n aeeooa?eae
e aaaeiinoe iaania/aiey i?ioeaiyieaeaie/aneeo o/?aaeaeaiee anai
iaiaoiaeeiui aeey eo i?iaaaeaiey.

Nio?aiaiea aeecianiiniaiinoe aicaoaeeoaey aeeooa?ee a yae?uoeiaie, a
aiciiaeii, e iueaaie oaca ay?iciey iaycuaaao i?iaiaeeoue eae oaeouoth,
oae e caeeth/eoaeueioth aeaceioaeoeeth. A ?yaea neo/aaa oeaeaniia?acii
i?iaiaeeoue naieoa?ioth ia?aaioeo. Aiciiaeiinoue aeeiaioa?iiai
ca?aaeaiey o?aaoao onoaiiaeaiey ouaoaeueiiai iaaeeoeeineiai eiio?iey ca
ieoaieai.

Cia/aiea ioaeaeueiuo ia?ii?eyoee iaiaeeiaeiai a ?acee/iuo
yieaeaieieiae/aneeo oneiaeyo. Naiaa?aiaiiia auyaeaiea aieueiuo a
iiae?acaeaeaiee, ecieyoeey e ainieoaeecaoeey eo, a oaeaea naiaa?aiaiiia
auyaeaiea, ecieyoeey e naiaoeey iineoaeae a niaieoiiinoe n
caeeth/eoaeueiie aeaceioaeoeeae i/aaa iiaoo auoue aeinoaoi/iuie aeey
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey iiaoi?iuo caaieaaaiee. A neo/aa aea eo aicieeiiaaiey
iniiao nenoaiu ia?ii?eyoee ii eeeaeaeaoeee yieaeaie/aneiai i/aaa
ninoaaeyao eiioiecaoeey. Ana inoaeueiua ia?ii?eyoey yaeythony oioy e
aaaeiuie, ii iiaeniaiuie.

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