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Oaoie/aneia caaeaiea

Enoiaeiua aeaiiua:

O = 18
I*i

( = 56
?aae/n

d =
0.55 i

noaia 1

Yeaeo?iaeaeaaoaeue

Oi?oaay ioooa

?aaeoeoi? n i?yiicoaie eiie/aneie ia?aaea/ae

Ioe?uoay eiie/aneay ia?aaea/a

Ea?oioaea-i/enoeoaeueiay iaoeia

Caaeaiea: ?ann/eoaoue iaeiinooiai/aoue ?aaeoeoi? n i?yiicoaie eiie/aneie
ia?aaea/ae. Ia/a?oeoue nai?i/iue /a?o?ae ?aaeoeoi?a, ?aai/ea /a?oaaee
coa/aoiai eieana e aaaeiiiai aaea.

Iacia/aiea e n?aaieoaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea i?eaiaea

Aeaiiue i?eaiae eniieuecoaony a ea?oioaeai/enoeoaeueiie iaoeia. I?eaiae
aeeth/aao a naay yeaeo?e/aneee aeaeaaoaeue, ioe?uooth oeeeeiae?e/aneoth
einicoaoth ia?aaea/o, iaeiinooiai/aoue eiie/aneee ?aaeoeoi?, eioi?ue
o?aaoaony ?ann/eoaoue e ni?iaeoe?iaaoue a aeaiiii eo?niaii i?iaeoa.

?aaeoeoi?ii iacuaaaony iaoaieci, ninoiyuee ec coa/aouo eee /a?ay/iuo
ia?aaea/, auiieiaiiue a aeaea ioaeaeueiiai aa?aaaoa e neoaeauee aeey
ia?aaea/e iiuiinoe io aeaeaaoaey e ?aai/ae iaoeia. Eeiaiaoe/aneay noaia
i?eaiaea iiaeao aeeth/aoue, iiieii ?aaeoeoi?a, ioe?uoua coa/aoua
ia?aaea/e, oeaiioth eee ?ai?iioth. Iacia/aiea ?aaeoeoi?a iiieaeaiea
oaeiaie nei?inoe e iiauoaiea a?auaoaeueiiai iiiaioa aaaeiiiai aaea ii
n?aaiaieth n aaeii aaaeouei. ?aaeoeoi? ninoieo ec ei?iona, a eioi?ii
iiiauatho yeaiaiou ia?aaea/e – coa/aoua eie?na, aaeu iiaeoeiieee e o.ae.

Coa/aoua ia?aaea/e

Iaeaieaa /anoi eniieuecotho oeeeeiae?e/aneea e eiie/aneea ia?aaea/e n
i?yiuie e einuie coaueyie. E?iia yoeo ia?aaea/ eniieuecotho aeioiaua, e
ia?aaea/e n oaa?iiiuie e e?eaieeiaeiuie coaueyie.

I?aeiouanoaa coa/aouo ia?aaea/

Iinoiyinoai ia?aaeaoi/iiai /enea (aeey i?yiicoaie oeeeeiae?e/aneie
U=2(4, einicoaie oeeeeiae?e/aneie U=4(6, aeey eiie/aneie U=2(3)

Aunieay iaa?oci/iay niiniaiinoue

Aunieee EIAe (0.96(0.99)

Iaeua aaaa?eou

Aieueoay aeieaiaa/iinoue, i?i/iinoue, iaae?aeiinoue, i?inoioa a
ianeoaeeaaiee

N?aaieoaeueii iaeua iaa?ocee ia aaeu e iii?u

Iaaeinoaoee coa/aouo ia?aaea/

Iaaiciiaeiinoue aac nooiai/aoiai eciaiaiey nei?inoe.

Aunieea o?aaiaaiey e oi/iinoe ecaioiaeaiey e iiioaaea.

Ooi i?e aieueoeo nei?inoyo.

Ieioea aii?oecaoeeiiiua naienoaa, /oi io?eoeaoaeueii neacuaaaony ia
eiiiainaoeeth aeeiaie/aneeo iaa?ocie.

A?iiicaeeinoue i?e aieueoeo iaaeinaauo ?annoiyieyo.

Iio?aaiinoue a niaoeeaeueiii iai?oaeiaaiee e eino?oiaioa aeey ia?acaiey
coaueaa.

Coa/aoua ia?aaea/e ia i?aaeio?aiytho io iianiuo iaa?ocie

Eiie/aneea ia?aaea/e ii n?aaiaieth n oeeeeiae?e/aneeie iaeaieaa neiaeiu
a ecaioiaeaiee e iiioaaea o.e. aeey ieo o?aaoaony aieueoay oi/iinoue.

1. Auai? yeaeo?iaeaeaaoaey e eeiaiaoe/aneee ?an/?o.

1.1 Ii?aaeaeyai o?aaoaioth iiuiinoue aeaeaaoaey

N=N*( (Ao) O=Oauo=O3

N=56*18=1008 Bo

1.2 Ii?aaeaeyai EIAe

(=(?*(ii*ie
?-?aaeoeoi?a

=0,679 ii-ioe?uoie ia?aaea/e

ie-iiaeoeiieeia ea/aiey

1.3 Ii?aaeaeyai iiuiinoue aeaeaaoaey

1.4 Auae?aai ye. Aeaeaaoaeue ec oneiaey

Ni ( Naea Ni=1.5 eAo 4A80A2O3 Ni=1.5 eAo
nn=3000

Iiieiaeueiie iiuiinoe 1.5 eAo niioaaonoaoao /aou?a aeaea aeaeaaoaeae
(oaaeeoea 1)

oaaeeoea 1

N( Oeii?acia? nc, ia/iei

1 4A80A2O3 3000

2 4A80A493 1500

3 4A90L693 1000

4 4A100L893 750

1.5 Ii?aaeaeyai ia?aaeaoi/iia ioiioaiea aeaeaaoaey

, aaea naea – neio?iiiay /anoioa a?auaiey, Ia/iei;

nauo – /anoioa a?auaiey auoiaeiiai aaea iaoaiecia (aae N, ni noaio 1),
Ia/iei

1.6 Caaea?iny ia?aaeaoi/iui ioiioaieai ioe?uoie ia?aaea/e

u = 2(3

1.7 Ii?aaeaeyai ia?aaeaoi/iia ioiioaiea ?aaeoeoi?a

Ia?aaeaoi/iia ioiioaiea ?aaeoeoi?a aeieaeii aoiaeeoue a i?iiaaeooie aeey
eiie/aneie i?yiicoaie ia?aaea/e U=2(3

, aaea U – ia?aaeaoi/iia ioiioaiea aeaeaaoaey

Uii – ia?aaeaoi/iia
ioiioaiea ioe?uoie

ia?aaea/e

U? – ia?aaeaoi/iia
ioiioaiea ?aaeoeoi?a

Inoaiiaei naie auai? aeaeaaoaea N(1, e i?eiai neaaeothuea ia?aaeaoi/iua
ioiioaiey:

uaea = 5,6 u? = 2,8 uii = 2

Yneec aeaeaaoaey a i?eeiaeaiee 1.

1.9 Ii?aaeaeyai oaeiaoth nei?inoue ia aaeao ia?aaeaoi/iiai iaoaiecia

I?iaa?ea: Naea=Oaea*(aea

Naea=4,73*313,6=1483 Ao

Aeaeaaoaeue 4A80A2O3

1.10 Auiieiyai ia?aoiue ia?an/?o O3, (3 n o/?oii aua?aiiiai aeaeaaoaey

I?iaa?ea Naea=Oaea*(aea

Naea=4.19*56=1500 Ao

A aeaeueiaeoai aoaeai aanoe ?an/?ou n o/?oii iieo/aiiuo cia/aiee

1.11 Ii?aaeaeaiea /anoiou a?auaiey aaeia ia?aaeaoi/iiai iaoaiecia

n1 = nc = 3000 ia/iei

Aeaiiua ?an/?oia naaae?i a oaaeeoeo:

oaaeeoea 2

Oi, I*i (i, ?aae/n ni, ia/iei

Aae A 4.78 314 3000

Aae A 9.08 157 1071

Aae N 24 56 535

2. Aaiiao?e/aneee i?i/iinoiie ?an/?o cae?uoie ia?aaea/e.

2.1 Auae?aai iaoa?eae

Aeey oanoa?ie e eieana auae?aai noaeue oaea?iaeenooth
ea/anoaaiioth 45; No 45, aeey eioi?ie aeiioneaaiia iai?yaeaiea i?e
ecaeaa aeey ia?aaa?neaiuo iaa?ocie ((0(=122 IIa, aeiioneaaiia eiioaeoiia
iai?yaeaiea (((=550 IIa

?en1. Ia?aaea/a eiie/aneeie coa/aouie eie?naie

2.2 Ii?aaeaeyai aiaoiee aeaeeoaeueiue aeeaiao? (ni. ?en.1)

eiyooeoeeaio EI(=1,2

eiyooeoeeaio oe?eiu aaioea ii ioiioaieth e aiaoiaio eiioniiio

?annoiyieth (ARE=0,285

(1(,

aaea O? – iiiaio ia auoiaeiii aaeo ?aaeoeoi?a (oaae. 2);

de2 – aiaoiee aeaeeoaeueiue aeeaiao?, ii;

(((e – aeiioneaaiia eiioaeoiia iai?yaeaiea, IIa;

up – ia?aaeaoi/iia ioiioaiea ?aaeoeoi?a;

I?eieiaai ii AINO 12289-76 aeeaeaeoaa noaiaea?oiia cia/aiea

de2=100ii

2.3 I?eieiaai /enei coaueaa ia oanoa?ia

Z1=22

2.4 Ii?aaeaeyai /enei coaueaa ia eieana

Z2=u?*Z1=2,8*22=62 (1(

Ii?aaeaeyai aaiiao?e/aneea ia?aiao?u coa/aoie ia?aaea/e

2.5 Aiaoiee ie?oaeiie iiaeoeue

(1(

2.6 Oaie aeaeeoaeueiiai eiiona aeey (ni. ?en.1):

2.7 Ii?aaeaeyai aiaoiee aeeaiao? oanoa?ie e eieana (ni. ?en.1)

2.8 Ii?aaeaeyai aiaoiaa eiioniia ?annoiyiea (ni. ?en.1)

(1(

2.9 Ii?aaeaeyai n?aaeiaa eiioniia ?annoiyiea (ni. ?en.1)

, aaea b – aeeeia coaa

2.10 Ii?aaeaeyai n?aaeiee ie?oaeiie iiaeoeue

2.11 Ii?aaeaeyai n?aaeiee aeaeeoaeueiue aeeaiao? oanoa?ie e eieana (ni.
?en.1)

d=m*Z (1( d1=1.3*22=28.6 ii

d2=1.3*62=80.6 ii

2.12 Ii?aaeaeyai oneeea aeaenoaothuaa a caoeaieaiee

ie?oaeiia eieana

oanoa?ie

, aaea O – e?ooyuee

iiiaio ia auoiaeiii aaeo; d – n?aaeiee aeaeeoaeueiue aeeaiao?

, aaea ? – ie?oaeiia oneeea, ( – oaie aeaeeoaeueiiai eiiona, ( = 20(

I?iaa?ea

eiyooeoeeaio oe?eiu oanoa?ie ii n?aaeiaio aeeaiao?o

(1(

n?aaeiyy ie?oaeiay nei?inoue eieana

(1(

noaiaiue oi/iinoe n=7

Aeey i?iaa?ee eiioaeoiuo iai?yaeaiee ii?aaeaeyai eiyooeoeeaiou iaa?ocie

(1(, aaea EI( – eiyooeoeeaio o/eouaathuee ?ani?aaeaeaiea iaa?ocee ii
aeeeia coaa;

EI( – eiyooeoeeaio o/eouaathuee ?ani?aaeaeaiea iaa?ocee iaaeaeo i?yiuie
coaueyie;

EIV – eiyooeoeeaio o/eouaathuee aeeiaie/aneoth iaa?oceo a caoeaieaiee
aeey i?yiicoauo eie?n

(1(

I?iaa?eo eiioaeoiuo iai?yaeaiee auiieiei ii oi?ioea:

I?iaa?ea coaueaa ia auiineeainoue ii iai?yaeaieyi ecaeaa

(1( , aaea

eiyooeoeeaio iaa?ocie

, aaea EF( – eiyooeoeeaio eiioeaio?aoeee iaa?ocee;

EFV – eiyooeoeeaio aeeiaie/iinoe

Y – eiyooeoeeaio oi?iu coaueaa auae?aai a caaeneiinoe io yeaeaaeaioiuo
/enae coaueaa:

aeey oanoa?ie

aeey eieana

I?e yoeo cia/aieyo ZV auae?aai YF1 = 3.976, YF2 = 3.6

Aeey oanoa?ie ioiioaiea

aeey eieana

Aeaeueiaeoee ?an/?o aaae?i aeey coaueaa oanoa?ie, o.e. iieo/aiiia
ioiioaiea aeey iaai iaiueoa.

I?iaa?yai coa eieana

3. ?ac?aaioea yneeciie eiiiiiiaee.

3.1 I?aaeaa?eoaeueiue ?an/?o aaeia ?aaeoeoi?a.

?an/?o auiieiyai ia e?o/aiea ii iiieaeaiiui aeiioneaaiui
iai?yaeaieyi

E?ooyuea iiiaiou a iiia?a/iuo na/aieyo aaeia:

aaaeouaai Oe1=O1=9000 Ii

aaaeiiiai Oe2=O2=24000 Ii

Aeeaiao? auoiaeiiai eiioea aaea da1 (ni. ?en. 3) ii?aaeaeyai i?e
aeiioneaaiii iai?yaeaiee ((e(=25 IIa

(1(

aeeaiao? iiae iiaeoeiieeaie i?eiai di1=17 ii; aeeaiao? iiae oanoa?iae
de1=20 ii.

Aeeaiao? auoiaeiiai eiioea aaea da2 (ni. ?en. 4) i?e aeiioneaaiii
iai?yaeaiee ((e(=25 IIa

aeeaiao? iiae iiaeoeiieeaie i?eiai di2=20 ii; aeeaiao? iiae coa/aoui
eieanii de2=25 ii.

3.2 Eiino?oeoeaiua ?acia?u oanoa?ie e eieana

Oanoa?iy

N?aaieoaeueii iaaieueoea ?acia?u oanoa?ie ii ioiioaieth e aeeaiao?o aaea
iicaieytho ia auaeaeyoue nooieoeo (ni. ?en. 3).

Aeeeia iinaaei/iiai o/anoea lno(b=20 ii

Eieani

aai ?acia?u
daa2=101.1 ii; b=20 ii

aeeaiao? nooieoeu
dno (1.6*de2=1.6*25=40

ii; aeeeia
nooieoeu

lno = (1.2(1.5)*
de2=1.5*25=37.5 ii

lno = 35 ii

oieueia iaiaea

(0
=(3(4)*m=1.3*(3(4)=5 ii

?en2. Eiie/aneia coa/aoia oieueia aeenea N=(0,1(0,17)*Ra=7 ii

eieani

3.3 Kiino?oeoeaiua ?acia?u ei?iona ?aaeoeoi?a

oieueia noaiie ei?iona e e?uoee

( = 0,05*Ra+1=3,65 ii; i?eieiaai ( = 5 ii

(1=0,04*Ra+1=3,12 ii; i?eieiaai (1 = 5 ii

oieueia oeaioeaa (iiynia) ei?iona e e?uoee:

aa?oiaai iiyna ei?iona e iiyna e?uoee

b=1,5*(=1,5*5=7,5 ii

b1=1,5*(1=1,5*5=7,5 ii

ieaeiaai iiyna e?uoee

?=2,35*(=2,35*5=11,75 ii; i?eieiaai ?=12 ii

Aeeaiao?u aieoia:

ooiaeaiaioaeueiuo d1=0,055*R1+12=12,3 ii; i?eieiaai ooiaeaiaioaeueiua
aieou n ?acueaie I12

aieoia, e?aiyueo e?uoeo e ei?iono o iiaeoeiieea, d2=(0,7(0,5)* d1

d1=(0,7(0,5)*12,3=8,6(6,15 ii; i?eieiaai aieou n ?acueaie I8

aieoia, niaaeeiythueo e?uoeo n ei?ionii, d3=(0,7(0,5)* d1

d3=6(7,2 ii; i?eieiaai aieou n ?acueaie I6

3.4 Eiiiiiiaea ?aaeoeoi?a

I?iaiaeei iina?aaeeia eenoa ai?eciioaeueioth inaaoth eeieth – inue
aaaeouaai aaea. Iaia/aai iieiaeaiea aa?oeeaeueiie inaaie eeiee – ine
aaaeiiiai aaea. Ec oi/ee ia?ana/aiey i?iaiaeei iiae (1 = 20( inaaua
eeiee aeaeeoaeueiuo eiionia e ioeeaaeuaaai ia ieo io?acee Re = 53 ii.

Eiino?oeoeaii ioi?ieyai ii iaeaeaiiui auoa ?acia?ai oanoa?ith e
eieani. Au/a?/eaaai eo a caoeaieaiee. Iiaeoeiieee aaeia ?aniieiaeei
noaeaiao.

I?aaeaa?eoaeueii iaia/aai aeey aaeia ?ieeeiiiaeoeiieee eiie/aneea
iaeii?yaeiua. O/eouaay iaaieueoea ?acia?u ?aaeoeoi?a i?eieiaai e?aeoth
na?eth iiaeoeiieeia

Oneiaiia iaicia/aiea iiaeoeiieea d

ii D

ii B

ii C

eI Co

eI

7203 17 40 12 14.0 9.0

7204 20 47 14 21.0 13.0

Iaiinei aaaa?eou iiaeoeiieeia aaaeouaai aaea, iaiaoea i?aaeaa?eoaeueii
aioo?aiithth noaieo ei?iona ia ?annoiyiee 10 ii io oi?oea oanoa?ie e
ioeiaeea caci? iaaeaeo noaieie ei?iona e oeaio?ii iiaeoeiieea 10 ii
(aeey ?aciauaiey iacaoaea?aeeaathuaai eieueoea). Aoi?ie iiaeoeiiee
?aciauaai ia ?annoiyiee io ia?aiai ?aaiii 2.5*da1=2,5*13=32.5 ii (2(,
aaea da1 – aeeaiao? auoiaeiiai eiioea aaaeouaai aaea.

?aciauaai iiaeoeiieee aaaeiiiai aaea, iaiaoea i?aaeaa?eoaeueii
aioo?aiithth noaieo ei?iona ia ?annoiyiee 10 ii io oi?oea nooieoeu
eieana e ioeiaeea ?annoiyiea iaaeaeo noaieie ei?iona e oeaio?ii
iiaeoeiieea 10 ii.

Caia?ii ii?aaeaeyai ?annoiyiey

a1=30 ii ; a2=48 ii ; a3=33 ii ; a4=64 ii

4. I?iaa?ea aeieaiaa/iinoe iiaeoeiieeia.

Aaaeouee aae

?an/?oiay noaia

a1=30 ii

a2=48 ii

?r1=203.5 I

Pa1=74 I

P=1678.3 I

Ii?aaeaeaiea
?aaeoeee iii?

a aa?oeeaeueiie
ieineinoe

?en. 3 ?an/?oiay noaia

aaaeouaai aaea.

I?iaa?ea:

Ii?aaeaeaiea ?aaeoeee iii? a ai?eciioaeueiie ieineinoe

I?iaa?ea:

Ii?aaeaeaiea yeaeaaeaioiuo iaa?ocie

(3( , aaea X,Y – eiyooeoeeaiou ?aaeeaeueiie e inaaie iaa?ocie
niioaaonoaaiii;

Kv – eiyooeoeeaio o/eouaathuee a?auaiea eieaoe iiaeoeiieeia;

Fr – ?aaeeaeueiay iaa?ocea, I;

EA – eiyooeoeeaio aaciianiinoe;

Eo – oaiia?aoo?iue eiyooeoeeaio

, aaea Ii, Vi – ?aaeoeee iii? a ai?eciioaeueiie e aa?oeeaeueiie
ieineinoyo niioaaonoaaiii, I

Inaaua ninoaaeythuea ?aaeeaeueiuo ?aaeoeee eiie/aneeo iiaeoeiieeia

(1(

caeanue aeey iiaeoeiieeia 7203 ia?aiao? inaaiai iaa?oaeaiey e = 0.31

A iaoai neo/aa S1(S2; Fa(0, oiaaea Pa1=S1=706.2 H

Pa2=S1+Pa=271+74=345 H

X=0.4 Y=1.97

?an/?oiay aeieaiaa/iinoue, iei. ia.

?an/?oiay aeieaiaa/iinoue, /

, aaea n = 1500 /anoioa a?auaiey aaaeouaai aaea.

?an/?o aaaeiiiai aaea

Ii?aaeaeaiea
?aaeoeee iii? a

aa?oeeaeueiie
ieineinoe

?en. 4 ?an/?oiay noaia

aaaeiiiai aaea.

I?iaa?ea:

Ii?aaeaeaiea ?aaeoeee iii? a ai?eciioaeueiie ieineinoe.

I?iaa?ea:

Inaaua ninoaaeythuea ?aaeeaeueiuo ?aaeoeee eiie/aneeo iiaeoeiieeia

A iaoai neo/aa S1(S2; Fa(0, oiaaea Pa1=S1=63 H

Pa2=S1+Pa1=63+203.5=266.5 H

Oae eae a ea/anoaa iii? aaaeiiiai aaea i?eiaiaiu iaeeiaeiaua
iiaeoeiieee 7204 , oi aeieaiaa/iinoue ii?aaeaeei aeey aieaa
iaa?oaeaiiiai iiaeoeiieea.

, ii yoiio inaaoth iaa?oceo neaaeoao o/eouaaoue.

Yeaeaaeaioiay iaa?ocea

Py=0.4*515.7+1.67*266.5=0.7 eI

?an/?oiay aeieaiaa/iinoue, iei. ia.

(1(

?an/?oiay aeieaiaa/iinoue, /

caeanue n = 536 ia/iei – /anoioa a?auaiey aaaeiiiai aaea

Iieo/aiiay aeieaiaa/iinoue aieaa o?aaoaiie. Iiaeoeiieee i?eaieaiu.

5. Ooi/i?iiue ?an/?o aaeia.

Ii?iaeueiua iai?yaeaiey io ecaeaa eciaiythony ii neiiao?e/iiio
oeeeeo, a eanaoaeueiua io e?o/aiey ii ioeuene?othuaio

5.1 Auai? iaoa?eaea aaea

I?aaeaa?eoaeueii i?eiai oaea?iaeenooth noaeue iau/iiai ea/anoaa, No5,
aeey eioi?ie i?aaeae a?aiaiiiai nii?ioeaeaiey (b=500 IIa

5.2 Ii?aaeaeaiea ecaeaathueo iiiaioia

Aaaeouee aae

O aaaeouaai aaea ii?aaeaeyoue eiyooeoeeaio caiana i?i/iinoe a
ianeieueeeo na/aieyo iaoeaeaniia?acii, aeinoaoi/ii aua?aoue iaeii
na/aiea n iaeiaiueoei eiyooeoeeaioii caiana, a eiaiii na/aiea a ianoa
iinaaeee iiaeoeiieea, aeeaeaeoaai e oanoa?ia (ni. ?en.3). A yoii iianiii
na/aiee aeaenoaotho iaeneiaeueiua ecaeaathuea iiiaiou My e Mx e e?ooyuee
iiiaio Mz = O2. Eiioeaio?aoeey iai?yaeaiee aucaaia iai?anniaeie
aioo?aiiaai eieueoea iiaeoeiieea ia aae.

a1=14 ii;

a2=48 ii

?r=203,5 I;

?a=74 I ;

?=1678,3 I

Va=308,5 I;

Va=105 I;

Ha=2727,2 I;

Ha=1048,9 I;

Ma=10,582 I*i

Iino?iaiea yith?u Iy (?en. 5)

0(y(a1 My=-Pa*x+Ma;

y=0 My=Ma

y=a1 My=- Pr*a+Ma=-50,468 I*i

0(y(a2 My=-Va*y=-50,468 I*i

Iino?iaiea yith?u Ix (?en. 5)

0(x(a1 Mx=-P*x

0(x(a2 Mx=-Ha*x

x=0 Mx=0

x=a1 Mx=- P*a1=-50,349 I*i

x=0 Mx=0

?en. 5 Yith?u iiiaioia x=a2 Mx=- Ha*a2=-50,349 I*i

Aaaeiiue aae

a3=33 ii;

a4=64 ii

?r=74 I;

?a=203,5 I;

?=595,5 I

Va=133,4 I;

Va=-59,4 I;

Ha=393,9 I;

Ha=202 I;

Ma=82,0105 I*i

Iino?iaiea yith?u Iy (?en. 6)

0(y(a3 My=Va*y

y=0 My=0

y=a3 My=Va*a3=44,022 I*i

0(y(a4 My=Va*y

y=0 My=0

y=a4 My=Va*a4=-38,016 I*i

Iino?iaiea yith?u Ix (?en. 6)

0(x(a3 Mx=-Ha*x

x=0 Mx=0

x=a3 Mx=- Ha*a3=-129,657 I*i

0(x(a4 Mx=-Ha*x

x=0 Mx=0

?en. 6 Yith?u iiiaioia x=a4 Mx=- Ha*a4=-129,657
I*i

5.3 Ii?aaeaeaiea noiia?iiai ecaeaathuaai iiiaioa a iianiii na/aiee

5.4 Ii?aaeaeaiea inaaiai iiiaioa nii?ioeaeaiey na/aiey

(1(

5.5 Aiieeooaea ii?iaeueiuo iai?yaeaiee

(1(

5.6 Ii?aaeaeaiea iiey?iiai iiiaioa nii?ioeaeaiey

5.7 Ii?aaeaeaiea aiieeooaeu eanaoaeueiiai iai?yaeaiey

5.9 Ii?aaeaeaiea eiyooeoeeaioia caiania i?i/iinoe

ii ii?iaeueiiio iai?yaeaieth

,aaea (v – aiieeooaea ii?iaeueiuo iai?yaeaiee; E( – yooaeoeaiue
eiyooeoeeaio eiioeaio?aoeee ii?iaeueiuo iai?yaeaiee; (( – ianooaaiue
oaeoi? aeey ii?iaeueiuo iai?yaeaiee; ( – eiyooeoeeaio o/eouaathuee
aeeyiea oa?ioiaaoinoe iiaa?oiinoe ( = 0.97(0.9

ii eanaoaeueiiio iai?yaeaieth

, aaea (-1 – i?aaeae auiineeainoe noaee i?e neiiao?e/iii oeeeea
e?o/aiey; k( – eiyooeoeeaio eiioeaio?aoeee iai?yaeaiee; (( – ianooaaiue
oaeoi?; ( – aiieeooaea eanaoaeueiuo iai?yaeaiee, IIa; ( – eiyooeoeeaio,
o/eouaathuee aeeyiea oa?ioiaaoinoe iiaa?oiinoe; (( – eiyooeoeeaio
aneiiao?ee oeeeea; (m – n?aaeiaa cia/aiea aiieeooaeu eanaoaeueiuo
iai?yaeaiee, IIa.

5.10 Ii?aaeaeaiea iauaai eiyooeoeeaioa caiana i?i/iinoe

6. Auai? oeia e?aieaiey aaea ia eieana.

?an/?o niaaeeiaiee.

6.1 Auai? iaoa?eaea

A ea/anoaa iaoa?eaea oiiiee i?eiai noaeue oaea?iaeenooth
iaueiiaaiiiai ea/anoaa No6, aeey eioi?ie aeiioneaaiia iai?yaeaiea ia
niyoea (((ni=70(100 IIa, aeiioneaaiia iai?yaeaiea ia n?ac
(((n?=0,6*(((ni=42 IIa

6.2 Aaiiao?e/aneea ?acia?u oiiiee

b=5 ii;

h=5 ii;

t1=3.0
ii;

t2=2.3
ii;

lo=lno2-(5(10)=28 ii,

aaea
lno2 – aeeeia nooieoeu, ii

lo – aeeeia oiiiee, ii

oiiiea 5(5(28 AINO 23360-78

6.3 I?iaa?ea oiiiee ia niyoea

, aaea O3 – e?ooyuee iiiaio ia aaeo N, I*i (oaaeeoea 2);

de – aeeaiao? aaea iiae eieani, ii;

h – aunioa oiiiee, ii;

b – oe?eia oiiiee, ii;

lo – aeeeia oiiiee, ii

aicuei?i n cae?oae?iiuie eiioeaie

lp=28-5=23 ii aa??i 20 ii

6.4 I?iaa?ea oiiiee ia n?ac

7. Auai? e aiaeec iinaaeie

Auae?aai iinaaeee

I?eiai iinaaeee niaeanii oaaeeoea 4

oaaeeoea 4

Auiieiei aiaeec iinaaeee I7/m6

7.2 Ii?aaeaeaiea i?aaeaeueiuo ioeeiiaiee ioaa?noee ia eieana

D=25 (I7) ES=+21 iei

EI=0 iei

7.3 Ii?aaeaeaiea i?aaeaeueiuo ioeeiiaiee aaea

d=25 (m6) es=+21 iei

ei=+8 iei

7.4 Ii?aaeaeaiea max cia/aiey iaoyaa

Nmax=es-EI=21-0=21 iei

7.5 Ii?aaeaeaiea max cia/aiey caci?a

Smax = ES-ei = 21-8=13 iei

7.6 Ii?aaeaeaiea aeiioneia

7.6.1. ia ioaa?noea

OD=ES=EI=21-0=21 iei

7.6.2 ia aae

Od=es-ei=21-8=13 iei

7.7 Ii?aaeaeaiea i?aaeaeueiuo ?acia?ia

Dmax=D+ES=25+0.021=25.021 ii

Dmin=D+EI=15 ii

dmax=d+es=25+0.021=25.021 ii

dmin=d+ei=25+0.008=25.008 ii

7.8 Iino?iei noaio aeiioneia

8. Auai? iooo. Auai? oieioiaiee.

Auai? iooou

Aicuei?i ioooo oi?oaoth aooei/ii-iaeueoeeaaoth (IOAI). Yoa ioooa
yaeyaony iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?ai?iiie ioooie n iaiaoaeee/aneeie oi?oaeie
yeaiaioaie – ?aceiie; iaeaaeaao oi?ioae yeanoe/iinoueth, aeaiioe?othuae
yeaeo?iecieyoeeiiiie niiniaiinoueth

A?auathuee iiiaio ia aaeo yeaeo?iaeaeaaoaey

I?e oaea?iie iaa?ocea i?eieiaai eiyooeoeeaio ?aaeeia ?aaiou iooou E=4

?an/?oiue a?auathuee iiiaio

8.1.4 Ii ii?iaee II-2096-64 auae?aai ioooo IOAI-16 (ni. oaae. 5)

oaaeeoea 5

d,

ii D,

ii L, ii D1,

ii z di,

ii li,

ii la,

ii (I?an( I*i (,.

?aae/n

13 90 84 58 4 10 19 15 31.4 660

8.1.5 I?iaa?yai iaeueoeu ia ecaea

8.1.6 I?iaa?yai ?aceiiaua aooeee ia niyoea

Aua?aiiay ioooa oaeiaeaoai?yao oneiaeth i?i/iinoe

Auai? oieioiaiee

Auaa?ai oieioiaiea iiaeoeiieeia ea/aiey a caaeneiinoe io ie?oaeiie
nei?inoe aaeia.

Aaaeouee aae

, aaea ( – oaeiaay nei?inoue aaaeouaai aaea, ?aae/n; d – aeeaiao?
auoiaeiiai eiioea aaaeouaai aaea, ii

Oae eae (1<2 i/n, oi i?eiai aieei/iia oieioiaiea ii AINO 6308-71, ni neaaeothueie ia?aiao?aieda1 d D b D1 d1 b1 b213 12 21 2.5 22 14 2 3.0Aaaeiiue aae, aaea ( - oaeiaay nei?inoue aaaeiiiai aaea, ?aae/n; d - aeeaiao? auoiaeiiai eiioea aaaeiiiai aaea, ii(2<2 i/n, i?eieiaai aieei/iia oieioiaiea ni neaaeothueie ia?aiao?aie:da1 d D b D1 d1 b1 b217 16 25 3 26 18 2.5 3.29. Auai? niacee ?aaeoeoi?a e iiaeoeiieeia.9.1 Auaa?ai niaceo aeey ?aaeoeoi?aIe?oaeiay nei?inoue ( = 5 i/n. Oae eae (<10 i/n, oi i?eiai ea?oa?ioth niaceo. Eieani iia?oaeaai a ianei ia aunioo coaa.Ii?aaeaeei iau?i ianeyiie aaiiuV=(0.5(0.8)*Ni , aaea Ni - iiieiaeueiay iiuiinoue aeaeaaoaey, AoV=(0.5(0.8)*1.5=0.75(1.2 eI?e n?aaeiae nei?inoe ( = 5 i/n, ayceinoue aeieaeia auoue 28*10-6 i /nI?eieiaai ianei eiaeono?eaeueiia E-30A ii AINO 20799-759.2 Auaa?ai niaceo iiaeoeiieeia ea/aieyE?eoa?eai auai?a niacee yaeyaony k (iei.ia./iei.)k=di*n, aaea di - aeeaiao? aaea iiae iiaeoeiieee, ii;n - /anoioa a?auaiey aaea, ia/ieik1 = di1*n1 = = iei.ia./iei.K2 = di2*n2 = = iei.ia./ieiIieo/aiiua cia/aiey k ia i?aauoatho 300000 iei.ia./iei., iiyoiio i?eiaiyai ieanoe/ioth niaceo ON-2 ii AINO 1033-73, eioi?ay caeeaaeuaaaony a iiaeoeiieeiaua eaia?u i?e iiioaaea.10. Nai?ea ?aaeoeoi?aIa?aae nai?eie aioo?aiithth iieinoue ei?iona ?aaeoeoi?a ouaoaeueii i/euatho e iie?uaatho ianeinoieeie e?aneie.Nai?eo i?iecaiaeyo a niioaaonoaee n /a?oaaeii iauaai aeaea ?aaeoeoi?a, ia/eiay n oceia aaeia:ia aaaeouee aae ianaaeeaatho iacaoaea?aeeaathuea eieueoea e onoaiaaeeaatho ?ieeeiiiaeoeiieee, i?aaeaa?eoaeueii iaa?aoua a ianea aei 80-100( N;a aaaeiiue aae caeeaaeuaatho oiiieo 5(5(28 e iai?anniauaatho coa/aoia eieani aei oii?a a ao?o aaea; caoai iaaeaaatho ?anii?ioth aooeeo, iacaoaea?aeeaathuea eieueoea e onoaiaaeeaatho iiaeoeiieee, i?aaeaa?eoaeueii iaa?aoua a ianea.Nia?aiiua aaeu oeeaaeuaatho a iniiaaiea ei?iona ?aaeoeoi?a, ?aaoee?otho coa/aoia caoeaieaiea e iaaeaaatho e?uoeo ei?iona, iie?uaay i?aaeaa?eoaeueii iiaa?oiinoe nouea e?uoee e ei?iona nie?oiaui eaeii. Aeey oeaio?iaee onoaiaaeeaatho e?uoeo ia ei?ion n iiiiuueth aeaoo eiie/aneeo ooeooia; caoyaeaatho aieou, e?aiyuea e?uoeo e ei?iono.Iinea yoiai a iiaeoeiieeiaua eaia?u caeeaaeuaatho ieanoe/ioth niaceo, noaayo e?uoee iiaeoeiieeia n eiiieaeoii iaoaeee/aneeo i?ieeaaeie; ?aaoee?otho oaieiaie caci?. Ia?aae onoaiiaeie neaiciuo e?uoae a i?ioi/ee caeeaaeuaatho aieei/iua oieioiaiey, i?iieoaiiua ai?y/ei ianeii. I?iaa?ytho i?iai?a/eaaieai aaeia ionoonoaea caeeeieaaiey iiaeoeiieeia (aaeu aeieaeiu i?ie?o/eaaoueny io ?oee) e cae?aieytho e?uoee aeioaie.Caoai aa??ouaatho i?iaeo ianeinioneiiai ioaa?noey n i?ieeaaeeie e i?eaei/eaatho oiia?iue ianeioeacaoaeue.Nia?aiiue ?aaeoeoi? iaeaouaatho e iiaeaa?aatho eniuoaieth ia noaiaea ii i?ia?aiia, onoaiaaeeaaaiie oaoie/aneeie oneiaeyie.11. Nienie eniieueciaaiiie eeoa?aoo?uAio?ueaa A.E. - Ni?aai/iee eiino?oeoi?a - iaoeiino?ieoaey: a 3-o oiiao. Oii 3 - I.: Iaoeiino?iaiea, 1980. - 398 n.Aio?ueaa A.E. - Ni?aai/iee eiino?oeoi?a - iaoeiino?ieoaey: a 3-o oiiao. Oii 1 - I.: Iaoeiino?iaiea, 1979. - 483 n.Aeoiaaa I.O., Eaeeeia I.I. - Aeaoaee iaoei. Eo?niaia i?iaeoe?iaaiea. - Aunoay oeiea, 1990. - 523 n.*a?iaaneee N.A. - Eo?niaia i?iaeoe?iaaiea aeaoaeae iaoei. - I.: Iaoeiino?iaiea, 1988. - 416 .nIaeaaeaieaOaoie/aneia caaeaiea 1 Iacia/aiea e n?aaieoaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea i?eaiaea 2Eeiaiaoe/aneee e neeiaie ?an/?o i?eaiaea. Auai? yeaeo?iaeaeaaoaey 4Aaiiao?e/aneee i?i/iinoiie ?an/?o cae?uoie ia?aaea/e 7?ac?aaioea yneeciie eiiiiiiaee ?aaeoeoi?a 10I?iaa?ea aeieaiaa/iinoe iiaeoeiieeia 13Ooi/i?iiue ?an/?o aaeia 17Auai? oeia e?aieaiey aaea ia eieana 20Auai? e aiaeec iinaaeie 21Auai? iooo. Auai? oieioiaiee 22Auai? niacee ?aaeoeoi?a e iiaeoeiieeia 23Nai?ea ?aaeoeoi?a 25Nienie eniieueciaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u 26I?eeiaeaieyIaeaaeaiea

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