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AeAAeOEOeEss (eao. deductio – auaaaeaiea) – a oe?ieii niunea neiaa –
oaeay oi?ia iuoeaiey, eiaaea iiaay iuneue auaiaeeony /enoi eiae/aneei
iooai (o.a. ii caeiiai eiaeee) ec i?aaeoanoaothueo iuneae. Oaeay
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue iuneae iacuaaaony auaiaeii, a eaaeaeue eiiiiiaio
yoiai auaiaea yaeyaony eeai ?aiaa aeieacaiiie iuneueth, eeai aeneiiie,
eeai aeiioacie. Iineaaeiyy iuneue aeaiiiai auaiaea iacuaaaony
caeeth/aieai.

I?ioeannu aeaaeoeoeee ia no?iaii o?iaia iienuaathony a en/eneaieyo
iaoaiaoe/aneie eiaeee.

A oceii niunea neiaa, i?eiyoii a o?aaeeoeeiiiie eiaeea, iiae oa?ieiii
“aeaaeoeoeey” iiieiatho aeaaeoeoeaiia oiicaeeth/aiea, o. a. oaeia
oiicaeeth/aiea, a ?acoeueoaoa eioi?iai iieo/aaony iiaia ciaiea i
i?aaeiaoa eee a?oiia i?aaeiaoia ia iniiaaiee oaea eiathuaainy iaeioi?iai
ciaiey ia enneaaeoaiuo i?aaeiaoao e i?eiaiaiey e iei iaeioi?iai i?aaeea
eiaeee.

Aeaaeoeoeaiia oiicaeeth/aiea, yaeythuaany i?aaeiaoii o?aaeeoeeiiiie
eiaeee, i?eiaiyaony iaie anyeee ?ac, eiaaea o?aaoaony ?anniio?aoue eaeia
– eeai yaeaiea ia iniiaaiee oaea ecaanoiiai iai iauaai iieiaeaiey e
auaanoe a ioiioaiee yoiai yaeaiey iaiaoiaeeiia caeeth/aiea. Iai
ecaanoai, iai?eia?, neaaeothuee eiie?aoiue oaeo – “aeaiiay ieineinoue
ia?anaeaao oa?” e iauaa i?aaeei ioiineoaeueii anao ieineinoae,
ia?anaeathueo oa?, -“anyeia na/aiea oa?a ieineinoueth anoue e?oa”.
I?eiaiyy yoi iauaa i?aaeei e eiie?aoiiio oaeoo, eaaeaeue i?aaeeueii
iuneyuee /aeiaae iaiaoiaeeii i?eaeao e iaeiiio e oiio aea auaiaeo:
“cia/eo aeaiiay ieineinoue anoue e?oa”.

Oiae ?annoaeaeaiey i?e yoii aoaeao oaeia: anee aeaiiay ieineinoue
ia?anaeaao oa?, a anyeia na/aiea oa?a ieineinoueth anoue e?oa, oi,
neaaeiaaoaeueii, e aeaiiay ieineinoue anoue e?oa. A eoiaa aeaiiiai
oiicaeeth/aiey iieo/aii iiaia ciaiea i aeaiiie ieineinoe, eioi?iai ia
niaea?aeeony iaiin?aaenoaaiii ie a ia?aie iunee, ie ai aoi?ie, acyouo
ioaeaeueii ae?oa io ae?oaa. Auaiae i oii, /oi aeaiiay ieineinoue anoue
e?oa”, iieo/ai a ?acoeueoaoa ni/aoaiey yoeo iuneae a aeaaeoeoeaiii
oiicaeeth/aiee.

No?oeoo?a aeaaeoeoeaiiai oiicaeeth/aiey e i?eioaeeoaeueiue oa?aeoa? aai
i?aaee, canoaaeythueo n iaiaoiaeeiinoueth i?eiyoue caeeth/aiea,
eiae/anee auoaeathuaa ec iinueie, ioia?aceee naiia ?ani?ino?aiaiiua
ioiioaiey iaaeaeo i?aaeiaoaie iaoa?eaeueiiai ie?a: ioiioaiey ?iaea,
aeaea e iniae, o. a. iauaai, /anoiiai e aaeeie/iiai. Nouiinoue yoeo
ioiioaiee caeeth/aaony a neaaeothuai: oi, /oi i?enoua anai aeaeai
aeaiiiai ?iaea, oi i?enoua e ethaiio aeaeo; oi, /oi i?enoua anai iniayi
?iaea, oi i?enoua e eaaeaeie iniae. Iai?eia?,/oi i?enoua anai aeaeai
aeaiiiai ?iaea, oi i?enoua e ethaiio aeaeo; oi, /oi i?enoua anai iniayi
?iaea, oi i?enoua e eaaeaeie iniae. Iai?eia?, /oi i?enoua anai ia?aiui
eeaoeai(iai?eia?, niiniaiinoue ia?aaeaaaoue eioi?iaoeeth),oi i?enoua e
eaaeaeie eeaoea, anee iia, eiia/ii, ia ioia?ea. Ii yoi eiaiii e
ioia?aceeinue a aeaaeoeoeaiii oiicaeeth/aiee: aaeeie/iia e /anoiia
iiaeaiaeeony iiae iauaa. Ieeeea?aeu ?ac iaaethaeay a i?ioeanna
i?aeoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe ioiioaiey iaaeaeo aeaeii, ?iaeii e iniaueth
a iauaeoeaiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, /aeiaae au?aaioae niioaaonoaothuoth
eiae/aneoth oeao?o, i?eia?aoathuoth caoai noaoon i?aaeea aeaaeoeoeaiiai
oiicaeeth/aiey.

Aeaaeoeoeey ea?aao aieueooth ?ieue a iaoai iuoeaiee. Ai anao neo/ayo,
eiaaea eiie?aoiue oaeo iu iiaeaiaeei iiae iauaa i?aaeei e caoai ec
iauaai i?aaeea auaiaeei eaeia-oi caeeth/aiea a ioiioaiee yoiai
eiie?aoiiai oaeoa, iu oiicaeeth/aai a oi?ia aeaaeoeoeee. E anee iinueee
enoeiiu, oi i?aaeeueiinoue auaiaea aoaeao caaenaoue io oiai, ianeieueei
no?iai iu i?eaea?aeeaaeenue i?aaee aeaaeoeoeee, a eioi?uo ioia?aceeenue
caeiiiia?iinoe iaoa?eaeueiiai ie?a, iauaeoeaiua nayce e ioiioaiey
anaiauaai e aaeaioe/iiai. Ecaanoioth ?ieue aeaaeoeoeey ea?aao ai anao
neo/ayo, eiaaea o?aaoaony i?iaa?eoue i?aaeeueiinoue iino?iaiey iaoeo
?annoaeaeaiee. Oae, /oiau oaeinoiaa?eoueny a oii, /oi caeeth/aiea
aeaenoaeoaeueii auoaeaao ec iinueie, eioi?ua eiiaaea aeaaea ia ana
auneacuaathony, a oieueei iiae?acoiaaathony, iu i?eaeaai aeaaeoeoeaiiio
?annoaeaeaieth oi?io neeeiaecia: iaoiaeei aieueooth iinueeo, iiaeaiaeei
iiae iaa iaiueooth iinueeo e caoai auaiaeei caeeth/aiea. I?e yoii
ia?auaai aieiaiea ia oi ,ianeieueei a oiicaeeth/aiee niaethaeaiu i?aaeea
neeeiaecia. I?eiaiaiea aeaaeoeoeee ia iniiaa oi?iaeecaoeee ?annoaeaeaiee
iaeaa/aao iaoiaeaeaiea eiae/aneeo ioeaie e niinianoaoao aieaa oi/iiio
au?aaeaieth iunee.

Ii iniaaiii aaaeii eniieueciaaiea i?aaee aeaaeoeoeaiiai oiicaeeth/aiey
ia iniiaa oi?iaeecaoeee niioaaonoaothueo ?annoaeaeaiee aeey iaoaiaoeeia,
no?aiyueony aeaoue oi/iue aiaeec yoeo ?annoaeaeaiee, iai?eia?, n
oeaeueth aeieacaoaeuenoaa eo iai?ioeai?a/eainoe.

Aia?aua oai?ey aeaaeoeoeee auea ianoiyoaeueii ?ac?aaioaia A?enoioaeai.
Ii auyniee o?aaiaaiey, eioi?ui aeieaeiu ioaa/aoue ioaeaeueiua iunee,
aoiaeyuea a ninoaa aeaaeoeoeaiiai oiicaeeth/aiey, ii?aaeaeee cia/aiea
oa?ieiia e ?ane?ue i?aaeea iaeioi?uo aeaeia aeaaeoeoeaiuo
oiicaeeth/aiee. Iieiaeeoaeueiie noi?iiie a?enoioaeaaneiai o/aiey i
aeaaeoeoeee yaeyaony oi ,/oi a iai ioia?aceeenue ?aaeueiua
caeiiiia?iinoe iauaeoeaiiai ie?a.

Ia?aioeaiea aeaaeoeoeee e aa ?iee a i?ioeanna iiciaiey iniaaiii
oa?aeoa?ia aeey Aeaea?oa. Ii n/eoae, /oi e iiciaieth aauae /aeiaae
i?eoiaeeo aeaoiy iooyie: iooai iiuoa e aeaaeoeoeee. Ii iiuo aaiaeeo
/anoi ian a caaeoaeaeaiea, oiaaea eae aeaaeoeoeey, eee, eae Aeaea?o
aiai?ee, /enoia oiicaeeth/aiea io iaeiie aaue /a?ac iin?aaenoai ae?oaie,
ecaaaeaii io, yoiai iaaeinoaoea. I?e yoii iniiaiui iaaeinoaoeii
aeaea?oianeie oai?ee aeaaeoeoeee yaeyaony oi, /oi enoiaeiua iieiaeaiey
aeey aeaaeoeoeee, n aai oi/ee c?aiey, a eiia/iii n/aoa aeaao aoaeoi au
eiooeoeey, eee niiniaiinoue aioo?aiiaai nica?oeaiey, aeaaiaea?y eioi?ie
/aeiaae iiciaao enoeio aac o/anoey eiae/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe niciaiey.
Yoi i?eaiaeeo Aeaea?oa a eiioea eiioeia e eaeaaeenoe/aneiio o/aieth i
oii, /oi enoiaeiua iieiaeaiey aeaaeoeoeee yaeythony i/aaeaeiuie enoeiaie
aeaaiaea?y oiio, /oi ninoaaeythuea eo eaeae ecia/aea “a?iaeaeaiu” iaoaio
?acoio.

Oeeiniou e eiaeee yiie?e/aneiai iai?aaeaiey, aunooieaoea i?ioea
o/aiey ?aoeeiiaeenoia ii “a?iaeaeaiiuo” eaeayo, caiaeii i?eieceee
cia/aiea aeaaeoeoeee. Oae, ?yae aiaeeeneeo ao?aeoaciuo eiaeeia iuoaeny
niaa?oaiii io?eoeaoue eaeia – eeai naiinoiyoaeueiia cia/aiea aeaaeoeoeee
a iuneeoaeueiii i?ioeanna. Ana eiae/aneia iuoeaiea iie naiaeeee e iaeiie
oieueei eiaeoeoeee. Oae aiaeeeneee oeeinio Ae. N. Ieeeue ooaa?aeaeae,
/oi aeaaeoeoeee aiiaua ia nouanoaoao, /oi aeaaeoeoeey – yoi oieueei
iiiaio eiaeoeoeee. Ii aai iiaieth ethaee anaaaea caeeth/atho io
iaaethaeaaoeony neo/aaa e iaaethaeaaoeiny neo/ayi, a iauay iuneue, n
eioi?ie ia/eiaaony aeaaeoeoeaiia oiicaeeth/aiea, – yoi anaai eeoue
neiaaniue iai?io, iaicia/athuee noiie?iaaiea oao neo/aaa, eioi?ua
iaoiaeeeenue a iaoai iaaethaeaiee, oieueei caienue ia ioaeaeueiuo
neo/ayo, naeaeaiiay aeey oaeianoaa. Aaeeie/iua neo/ae, ii aai iiaieth,
i?aaenoaaeytho niaith aaeeinoaaiiia iniiaaiea auaiaea.

Iiaiae e iaaeiioeaiee aeaaeoeoeee aeae oaeaea e aiaeeeneee oeeinio O?.
Ayeii. Ii Ayeii ia ioiineeny ieaeeenoe/anee e neeeiaecio. Ii aunooiae
eeoue i?ioea oiai, /oi a “iau/iie eiaeea” ii/oe ana aieiaiea
nin?aaeioi/aii ia neeeiaecia, a oua?a ae?oaiio niiniao ?annoaeaeaiey.
I?e yoii niaa?oaiii ynii, /oi Ayeii eiaao a aeaeo noieanoe/aneee
neeeiaeci, ioi?aaiiue io eco/aiey i?e?iaeu e iieiyueeny ia iinueeao,
acyouo ec /enoiai oiic?aiey.

A aeaeueiaeoai ?acaeoee aiaeeeneie oeeinioee eiaeoeoeey ana aieueoa
i?aaiciineeanue ca n/ao aeaaeoeoeee. Ayeiiianeay eiaeea au?iaeeeanue a
iaeiinoi?iiithth eiaeoeoeaioth, yiie?e/aneoth eiaeeo, aeaaiuie
i?aaenoaaeoaeyie eioi?ie auee A. Oyaaeue e Ae. N. Ieeeue. Iie ioa?ineee
neiaa Ayeiia i oii, /oi oeeinio ia aeieaeai oiiaeiaeyoueny yiie?eeo –
io?aaueth, ii e ia iioiaeeoue ia iaoea – ?aoeeiiaeenoa, eioi?ie ec
nianoaaiiiai ?acoia oeao oeo?oth oeeinioneoth iaooeio. Iie caauee, /oi,
ii Ayeaio, oeeinio aeieaeai auoue iiaeiaai i/aea, eioi?ay niae?aao
aeaiue a iieyo e eoaao e caoai au?aaaouaaao ec iaa iaae.

A i?ioeanna eco/aiey eiaeoeoeee e aeaaeoeoeee iiaeii ?anniao?eaaoue eo
?acaeaeueii, ii a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, aiai?ee ?onneee eiaee ?oaeeianeee,
ana iaeaieaa aaaeiua e iaoe?iua iao/iua enneaaeiaaiey iieuecothony
iaeiie ec ieo noieueei aea, neieueei e ae?oaie, eai anyeia iieiia
iao/iia enneaaeiaaiea ninoieo a niaaeeiaiee eiaeoeoeaiuo e aeaaeoeoeaiuo
i?eaiia iuoeaiey.

Iaoaoece/aneee acaeyae ia aeaaeoeoeey e eiaeoeoeeth aue ?acei inoaeaeai
O. Yiaaeuenii. Ii aiai?ee, /oi aaeoaiaeey n eiaeoeoeeae eaeao io
aiaee/ai, eioi?uie auaeoiaia i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue eiaeoeoeee e
aeaaeoeoeee. Eiaeeia, eioi?ua iaoia?aiii ?acaeoaaee cia/aiea eiaeoeoeee,
Yiaaeuen e?iie/anee iacuaae “anaeiaeoeoeaenoaie”. Eiaeoeoeey e
aeaaeoeoeey oieueei a iaoaoece/aneii i?aaenoaaeaiee yaeyaony acaeiii
i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiiuie e eneeth/athueie ae?oa ae?oaa.

Iaoaoece/aneee ?ac?ua aeaaeoeoeee e eiaeoeoeee, aano?aeoiia
i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiea eo ae?oa ae?oao, eca?auaiea aeaenoaeoaeueiiai
niioiioaiey aeaaeoeoeee e eiaeoeoeee oa?aeoa?iu e aeey nia?aiaiiie
ao?aeoaciie iaoee. Iaeioi?ua ao?aeoaciua oeeiniou oaieiae/aneiai oieea
enoiaeyo i?e yoii ec aioeiao/iiai eaeaaeenoe/aneiai ?aoaiey oeeinioneiai
aii?ina, niaeanii eioi?iio eaeay, iiiyoea aeaiu ecaa/ii, io aiaa.

A i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue eaeaaeecio, ia?enenoneee oeeinioneee iaoa?eaeeci
o/eo, /oi anyeay aeaaeoeoeey yaeyaony ?acoeueoaoii i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai
eiaeoeoeaiiai eco/aiey iaoa?eaea. A naith i/a?aaeue eiaeoeoeey yaeyaony
iiaeeeiii iao/iie oieueei oiaaea, eiaaea eco/aiea ioaeaeueiuo /anoiuo
yaeaiee iniiaaii ia ciaiee oaea ecaanoiuo eaeeo – oi iaueo caeiiia
?acaeoey yoeo yaeaiee. I?e yoii i?ioeann iiciaiey ia/eiaaony e eaeao
iaeiia?aiaiii aeaaeoeoeaiith e eiaeoeoeaii. Yoio i?aaeeueiue acaeyae ia
niioiioaiea eiaeoeoeee e aeaaeoeoeee aue aia?aua aeieacai ia?enenoneie
oeeinioeae. “Eiaeoeoeey e aeaaeoeoeey naycaiu iaaeaeo niaie noieue aea
iaiaoiaeeiui ia?acii, – ieoao O. Yiaaeuen, – eae neioac e aiaeec. Aianoi
oiai /oiau iaeiinoi?iiia ia i?aaiciineoue iaeio ec ieo aei iaaan ca n/ao
ae?oaie, iaaei noa?aoueny i?eiaiyoue eaaeaeoth ia naiai ianoa, a yoiai
iiaeii aeiaeoueny oieueei a oii neo/aa, anee ia oioneaoue ec aeaeo eo
naycue iaaeaeo niaith, eo acaeiiia aeiiieiaiea ae?oa ae?oaa.

A i?aaeeueiii iuoeaiee, oaeei ia?acii, iaeeiaeiai aaaeiu e eiaeoeoeey,
e aeaaeoeoeey. Iie ninoaaeytho aeaa ia?ac?uaiua noi?iiu aaeeiiai
i?ioeanna iiciaiey, eioi?ua aeiiieiytho ae?oa ae?oaa. Iaeuecy naaa
i?aaenoaaeoue naaa oaeia iuoeaiea, eioi?ia niaa?oaaony oieueei
eiaeoeoeaii eee oieueei aeaaeoeoeaiith. Eiaeoeoeey a i?ioeanna
?aaeueiiai iiuoiiai enneaaeiaaiey inouanoaeyaony a ia?ac?uaiie nayce n
aeaaeoeoeeae. Yoi eiaiii e aeaao aiciiaeiinoue i?eoiaeeoue e aiieia
aeinoiaa?iui auaiaeai a i?ioeanna oaeiai enneaaeiaaiey. Cia/eo, a
iao/iii e iianaaeiaaiii iuoeaiee ii ethaiio aii?ino aeaaeoeoeey e
eiaeoeoeey anaaaea oanii naycaiu ae?oa ae?oaii, iaiouaieaiu ae?oa io
ae?oaa, iaoiaeyony a ia?ac?uaiii aaeeinoaa.

Eeanne/aneay a?enoioaeaaneay eiaeea ia/aea oaea oi?iaeeciaaoue
aeaaeoeoeaiue auaiae. Aeaeueoa yoo oaiaeaioeeth i?iaeieaeeea
iaoaiaoe/aneay eiaeea, eioi?ay ?ac?aaaouaaao i?iaeaiu oi?iaeueiiai
auaiaea a aeaaeoeoeaiuo ?annoaeaeaieyo.

Iiae oa?ieiii “aeaaeoeoeey” a oceii niunea neiaa iiieiatho oaeaea
neaaeothuaa:

Iaoiae enneaaeiaaiey, caeeth/athueeny a neaaeothuai: aeey oiai, /oiau

iieo/eoue iiaia ciaiea i i?aaeiaoa eee a?oiia iaeii?iaeiuo i?aaeiaoia,
iaaei, ai – ia?auo iaeoe aeeaeaeoee ?iae, a eioi?ue aoiaeyo yoe
i?aaeiaou, e, ai – aoi?uo, i?eiaieoue e iei niioaaonoaothuee caeii,
i?enouee anaio aeaiiiio ?iaeo i?aaeiaoia; ia?aoiae io ciaiey aieaa iaueo
iieiaeaiee e ciaieth iaiaa iaueo iieiaeaiee. Aeaaeoeoeaiue iaoiae ea?aao
ia?iiioth ?ieue a iaoaiaoeea. Ecaanoii, /oi ana aeieacoaiua
i?aaeeiaeaiey, oi anoue oai?aiu auaiaeyony eiae/aneei iooai n iiiiuueth
aeaaeoeoeee ec iaaieueoiai eiia/iiai /enea enoiaeiuo ia/ae, aeieacoaiuo
a ?aieao aeaiiie nenoaiu, iacuaaaiuo aeneiiaie.

Eeanneee ia?enecia – eaieiecia iaiaeiie?aoii oeacuaaee ia aeaaeoeoeeth,
eae ia iaoiae enneaaeiaaiey. Oae, aiai?y i eeanneoeeaoeee a aeieiaee,
Yiaaeuen ioia/ae, /oi aeaaiaea?y oniaoai oai?ee ?acaeoey eeanneoeeaoeey
i?aaieciia naaaeaia e “aeaaeoeoeee”, e o/aieth i i?ienoiaeaeaiee, eiaaea
eaeie – ieaooue aeae aoeaaeueii aeaaeooee?oaony ec ae?oaiai. Yiaaeuen
ioiineo aeaaeoeoeeth, ia?yaeo n eiaeoeoeeae, aiaeecii e neioacii, e
iaoiaeai iao/iiai enneaaeiaaiey. Ii i?e yoii ii oeacuaaao, /oi ana yoe
n?aaenoaa iao/iiai enneaaeiaaiey yaeythony yeaiaioa?iuie. Iiyoiio
aeaaeoeoeey eae naiinoiyoaeueiue iaoiae iiciaiey iaaeinoaoi/ii aeey
ananoi?iiiaai enneaaeiaaiey aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Naycue aaeeie/iiai
i?aaeiaoa n aeaeii, aeaea n ?iaeii, eioi?ay ioia?aaeaaony a aeaaeoeoeee,
– yoi oieueei iaeia ec noi?ii aaneiia/ii iiiaiia?aciie nayce i?aaeiaoia
e yaeaiee iauaeoeaiiai ie?a.

2) Oi?ia eceiaeaiey iaoa?eaea a eieaa, eaeoeee, aeieeaaea, aanaaea,
eiaaea io iaueo iieiaeaiee, i?aaee, caeiiia eaeoo e iaiaa iauei
iieiaeaieyi, i?aaeeai, caeiiai.

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